www.khabarnama.com  {Punjabi Newspaper Khabarnama Toronto} email: editor@khabarnama.com 


 

ਅਖ਼ਬਾਰ ਪੜ੍ਹਨ ਲਈ ਪੰਜਾਬੀ  ਫਾਂਟ ਇੱਥੋਂ ਡਾਊਂਨਲੋਡ ਕਰ

 

 

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aKLbfrF dy zwibaF qy mINh `c gLLl-sV rhIaF zrYktrIaF - pRsLFq lfielpurI

kdy jLmfnf sI jd lok Gr ivwc tYlIPon zrYktrIaF rwKxf psMd krdy sn.  bYWl kYnyzf vrgIaF vwzIaF tYlIPon kMpnIaF vI do iksm dIaF vwz-akfrI zrYktrIaF CfpdIaF sn jo hr gfhk nMU muPq idwqIaF jFdIaF sn. iewk zrYktrI sLihr dy GrylU (rYjLIzYNsLl) Pon nMbrF dI huMdI sI aqy dUjI vpfrk adfiraF dy Pon nMbrF dI ijs nMU ibjlnYS zrYktrI’ jF XYlopyjjL ikhf jFdf sI. ies ivwc vpfrk adfiraF dIaF aYzF vI huMdIaF sn. Cfpx vflIaF Pon kMpnIaF ies zrYktrI  qoN pYsy bxfAuNdIaF sn aqy kMpnIaF msLhUrI vfsqy XYlopyjjL ivwc mihMgy Bfa aYzF KrIddIaF huMdIaF sn.

          dysI Pon zrYktrIaF XYlopujjL zrYktrI dI qrjL `qy sLurU hoeIaF sn. pihlIaF `c iehnF df sfeIjL aqy igxqI vI sImq huMdI sI. iPr dysI vpfrk adfry vD gey qF iesLiqhfrF df bys vI vD igaf ijs nfl dysI zrYktrIaF dI igxqI aqy sfeIjL vDx lwgf. zrYktrIaF vDyry afkrsLq aqy rMgF vflIaF ho geIaF. hr dysI Gr ivwc 2-3 dysI ibjLnYWs zrYktrIaF afm gwl sI.

          sYWl Pon, ieMtrnYWt aqy gUgl src ny keI kuJ byloVF kr idwqf hY. jLmfnf izjLItl ho igaf hY. kdy vDIaf qy mihMgf kYmrf rwKxf kuJ lokF df sLONk hoieaf krdf sI. Poto iKwcx ipwCoN rIal (iPlm) DuafeI jFdI sI aqy PotojL dy ipRMt bxvfey jFdy sn.  izjLtl qknIk ny jd kYmrf izjLItl kr idwqf qF rIal vfly kYmry nkfrf ho gey. lokF ny izjLtl kYmry KrIdxy sLurU kr idwqy aqy keI kMpnIaF BFq BFq dy izjLItl kYmry bnfAux lwg geIaF.

          izjLItl qknIk hor ivksq hoeI qF sYWl Pon ivwc kYmrf iPwt kr idwqf igaf. iPr ies kYmry dI kuafltI vDIaf qoN vDIaf huMdI geI aqy ieh qsvIrF dy nfl nfl mUvIaF vI bnfAux lwgf. lok sYWl Pon nMU smF vyKx leI vrqx lwgy aqy guwt vflIaF GVIaF gfieb hox lwg peIaF. lok sYWl Pon qoN ryzIE aqy kYlkUlytr df kMm vI lYx lwg pey. Gr dy klfk `qy alfrm lgfAux dI QF vI lok afpxy sYWl Pon `qy alfrm lgf ky alfrm klfk df kMm lYx lwg pey. hux qF sYWl Pon qoN aKbfrF pVHn aqy tIvI vyKx df kMm vI ilaf jfx lwgf hY. smyN dy grB ivwc hor ajy pqf nhIN kI kI Cuipaf ipaf hY?

          gwl zrYktrIaF dI kr rhy sF. pihlF jd zrYktrIaF dysI dukfnF aqy Dfrimk QfvF `qy rwKIaF jFdIaF sn lok Ptf Pt cuwk ky lY jFdy sn. hux lok zrYktrIaF nMU hwQ pfAuxoN Gt gey hn ijs kfrn nv-CpIaF zrYktrIaF keI dukfnF aqy Dfrimk sQfnF `qy keI keI mhIny peIaF rihMdIaF hn. ipCly kuJ sflF qoN zrYktrIaF vfly vDIaf kfgjL `qy CfpIaF iehnF zrYktrIaF dy keI keI zwby (kfrz borz bfks) dysI aKLbfrF dy zwibaF `qy rwKx lwg pey hn. ieh zrYktrIaF BfvyN muPq hn pr lok iehnF nMU tFvyN hI cuwkdy hn ijs kfrn keI ielfikaF ivwc aKbfrF dy zwibaF `qy iehnF dy bfks lMbf smF Kyh-Krfb huMdy rihMdy hn. ipCly idnF ivwc mINh kfPLI ipaf hY ijs kfrn keI QfvF `qy ieh KUbsUrq zrYktrIaF iBjx kfrn glL-sV rhIaF hn. kuJ bMd ho cuwky aKLbfrF dy zwibaF ivwc vI keI dysI zrYktrIaF BrIaF peIaF hn.

          aKLbfrF dy zwibaF `qy QF QF lokF ny bysmYNt Pfr rYNt jF rUm Pfr rYNt dy prcy icpkfey huMdy hn. keI muPLqKory aqy kMjUs vpfrI vI afpxIaF aYzF dy prcy jF ibjLnYWs kfrz iehnF zwibaF `qy icpkf jFdy hn. keI afpxy ibjLnYWs kfrz zwibaF ivwc jF Aupr rwK jFdy hn. ajyhy vpfrI swjxF `qy hYrfnI huMdI hY jo dysI aKLbfrF dy zwibaF nMU muPLq ivwc afpxy ibjLnYWs dI msLhUrI krn vfsqy vrqdy hn. jdik aKLbfr ibjLnYWsjL dI msLhUrI dy isr `qy cwldy hn aqy afs rwKdy hn ik vpfrI AuhnF nMU iesLiqhfr dyx. bhuq sfry suihrd vpfrI ibnF loV qoN vI dysI aKLbrF nMU iesLiqhfr idMdy hn qFik pfTkF nMU muPLq syvf dyx vfly aKLbfr cwldy rihx. vpfrk adfry ies Krcy nMU tYks dy ihsfb ivwc klym kr lYNdy hn.

          keI aKLbfrF rwKx vfly bMzlF dIaF qxIaF ivwcy hI Cwz jFdy hn aqy keI qF bMzl nMU Kohldy hI nhIN hn. aKLbfrF dy pfTk bMzlF ivcoN iKwc iKwc ky aKLbfrF DUMhdy hn. hvf dy buwilaF ivwc iehnF zwibaF qoN keI kuJ Auzdf iPrdy hY aqy Aupr iBwjIaF hoeIaF zrYktrIaF dy gwqy dy zwby izjItl jLmfny nMU mKOl krdy pRqIq huMdy hn.

-KLbrnfmf #987, agsq 24-2018

 


aYNzrU sLIar nMU cyqMn rihx dI loV!

PYzrl kMsrvtv pfrtI dI sMBfvI vyv `qy suafrI krn leI dysIaF dI POj pRyz krn lwgI

brYNptn :- PYzrl kMsrvtv pfrtI aqy ies dy afgU aYNzrU sLIar nMU cyqMn rihx dI loV hY ikAuNik brYNptn aqy afspfs dy hlikaF ivwc dysIaF dI POj pRyz krn lwg peI hY, jo 2019 dI PYzrl cox ivwc PYzrl kMsrvtv pfrtI dI sMBfvI vyv `qy suafrI krn leI Auqfvly ho rhy hn.

          EntyrIE dI jUn ivwc hoeI cox ivwc brYNptn ivwc subfeI kMsrvtv pfrtI nMU kuJ kmjLor AumIdvfrF kfrn vwzf Gftf ipaf sI. ies df kfrn pCV ky kfhlI ivwc kIqIaF nOmInysLnF vI sn aqy sfbkf afgU pYtirk brfAUn dI rihnumfeI hyT vfprIaF bykYdgIaF vI sn. mIzIaf ivwc jfalI mYNbrisLp aqy hfier kIqI mYNbrisLp df vI coKf crcf hoieaf sI. ieh gwl vI jwg jfhr ho geI sI ik sYNkVy aMqrrfsLtrI stUzYNts nMU iewk sfijsL hyT 2-2 sO zflr dy ky keI nOmInysLnF ivwc votF pvfeIaF geIaF sn.

          jd ivvfdgRsq pIsI afgU pYtirk brfAUn nMU ahudf Cwzxf ipaf aqy zwg Porz ny pIsI pfrtI dI kmFz sMBflI qF keIaF nMU ieh rfs nhIN sI afieaf. zwg Porz dI kmFz hyT pIsI pfrtI nMU ilbrl, aYnzIpI, mYgf XUnIanF aqy brfAUn BgqF dy ivroD df sfhmxf krnf ipaf sI. pIsI pfrtI dy mYNbrisLp kfrz aqy ahudy cuwkI iPrdy keI dysI sLryafm pIsI pfrtI nMU hrfAux vfsqy hwQ pYr mfrn lwg pey sn. ‘cMgy kYNzINzyt’ dI mdd dy nfm `qy AuhnF ny pIsI pfrtI nMU hrfAux vfsqy hr hrbf vriqaf sI.

          hux iehnF ivco keI PYzrl kMsrvtv pfrtI ivwc pUrI qrF srgrm ho gey hn aqy aXog qy kmjLor kYNzIzytF nMU kMsrvtv AumIdvfr bnfAuxf cfhMdy hn ijhnF nMU ‘vyv’ dI afs hY. aYNzrU sLIar aqy PYzrl kMsrvtv pfrtI nMU iehnF dy trYp qoN bcxf cfhIdf hY qFik kfbul ivakqI hI AumIdvfr nfmjd kIqy jfx jo lokF qoN tuwt rhy ilbrlF df sfhmxf kr skdy hox. loV pYx `qy kMsrvtv afgU aYNzrU sLIar nMU iswDI nfmInysLn krtn qoN vI iJjkxf nhIN cfhIdf. mYNbrisLp vDfAux dy nfm AuWqy mYNbrisLp byinXmIaF aqy bykYdgIaF nMU awKoN proKy nhIN krnf cfhIdf.

          kMsrvtv pfrtI nMU nfmInysLn hfsl krn dy cfhvfnF vfsqy Tos pYmfnf lfgU kIqf jfxf cfhIdf hY. vyv dI afs vDI qF rfqo rfq igrgt vFg rMg bdl ky keI lok kMsrvtv AumIdvfr bnxf cfhuxgy ijhnF qoN bcx dI loV hY. ies ZMg nfl keI cflbfjL rfqo rfq ilbrl vI bx jFdy hn. pfrtI koeI jd mrjLI bdly pr AumIdvfr bnx aqy AumIdvfr dfI nfmInysLn ivwc vot pfAux vfly mYNbrF vfsqy sLrqF inrDfrq krnIaF cfhIdIaF hn.

- pRsLFq lfielpurI, KLbrnfmf #981, julfeI 13-2018

 


ilbrl srkfr dIaF nIqIaF aMzr-grFAUNz aqy kYsL afriQkqf nMU AuqsLfhq kr rhIaF hn

- pRsLFq lfielpurI

bIqy hPqy vYnkUvr sMn aKbfr dy pRisD kflmnvIs zgls tOz ny iewk ivsqrq lyK iliKaf hY ijs ivwc aMqrrfsLtrI ividafrQIaF vloN kIqy jFdy ‘mYirj Prfz’ df vyrvf idwqf igaf hY. AuNJ pMjfbI BfeIcfrf BfvyN ies qoN pihlF hI vfkP hY pr muwKDfrf dy mIzIaf ivwc ies df Kulfsf ho jfxf vwzI gwl hY. zgls tOz ny iliKaf hY ik kYnyzf ivwc pwky hox vfsqy pMjfb ivwc vwzI pwDr `qy mYirj Prfz ho irhf hY. afpxy nOjvfn lVikaF nMU kYnyzf Byjx vfsqy bhuq sfry mfpy ajyhIaF cusq lVkIaF qlfsLdy hn jo afeIilts tYst pfs krky kYnyzf aMqrrfsLtrI ividafrQI vjoN af skdIaF hox. dfj dI rvfieq dy Elt lVky vfly lVkI `qy lwKF rupey Krcdy hn. lVky nMU kYnyzf Byjx vfsqy swcf jF JUTf ivafh kIqf jFdf hY aqy lVkI rfhIN lVky nMU pqI dy rUp ivwc Byijaf jFdf hY. aslI ivafh hovy qF joVf vwsdf hY aqy nklI hovy qF kYnyzf puwjx `qy sOdf pUrf ho igaf smiJaf jFdf hY. keI sOdy awD ivckfr tuwt vI jFdy hn.

ies ilKq ivwc zgls tOz ny ajIq jlMDr aqy jwg bfxI jlMDr ivcoN do mYtrImonIal aYzF df hvflf vI idwqf hY. ajIq dI iek aYz ieMJ hY, “jwt iswK lVkf Aupr 24 sfl, Puwt 10 ieMc, vfsqy 7n bYNz afeIilts vflI lVkI dI loV hY. ivafh aslI jF nklI. lVky dy pwK sfrf Krcf krygf.”

zgls tOz muqfibk jwg bfxI dI aYz ieMJ ibafn krdI hY, “nfeI iswK, sfZy cOvI sfl, pMj Puwt awT ieMc. 12 jmfqF piVHaf vfsqy bIaYssI jF afeIilts pfs lVkI cfhIdI hY. lVky df pwK kYnyzf jfx df sfrf Krcf adf krygf.”

iehnF dovF aYzF ivwc lVkf kYnyzf Byjx vfsqy ivafh df sOdf krn dI gwl hI nhIN kIqI geI sgoN iswK df nfl nfl jfq df ijLkr vI kIqf igaf hY. ieh hux kYnyzf dy muwKDfrf dy mIzIaf dI rport hY jo srkfrF vI vyKdIaF hn. AuNJ keI iswK dfavy krdy nhIN Qwkdy ik iswKF ivwc koeI jfqpfq nhIN hY aqy iswKI ivwc swB brfbr hn.

pMjfbI mIzIaf ivwc stUzYNt mfmly `qy crcf hoeI qF keI mIzIaf nMU kosLx lwg pey. ilbrl aYmpI, kuJ KfilsqfnI, kuJ nklbfVIey aqy kuJ kiQq qrksLIl pMjfbI mIzIaf nMU kosx lwg pey. aKy pMjfbI mIzIaf msflf lgf irhf hY. kro gwl hux vYnkUvr sMn nfl aqy pVoH do mYtrymOnIaljL df kIqf igaf aMgryjLI qrjmf. asLlIl aqy BVkfAU kfr nMbr plytF df muwdf AuTfAux mOky vI pMjfbI mIzIaf nMU koisaf igaf sI pr jd srI, bIsI qoN sIbIsI ny vwzI rport pysL kr idwqI qF keIaF dI bolqI bMd ho geI. agr smwisaf nMU pihlI styj ivwc nhIN nwpogy qF gwl muwKDrf dy mIzIaf qwk jLrUr puwjygI.

ipCly idnIN jd iewk pMjfbI ryzIE sLoa `qy stUzYNts dy mfipaF aqy kiQq jIvn sfQIaF nMU 10-10 sfl dy Kuwly vIjLy idwqy jfx dI crcf hoeI qF keIaF nMU hjLm nf hoeI. pwky sLihrIaF dy irsLqydfrF nMU ivafh jF aMiqm sskfr mOky CwqI sbUq mMg ky vI vIjLy nhIN idwqy jFdy qF lok sLkfieq jLrUr krngy aqy ieh jfiejL vI hY. jd ajyhy lokF vloN ivjLtr vIjLf `qy kYnyzf af ky kYsL `qy kMm krn dI crcf hoeI qF iek ilbrl ny ryzIE sMcflk nMU ieh kihMidaF ajyhf tfk-sLoa nf krn dI gujfirsL kIqI ik ies nfl ilbrlF dI sfK izwgdI hY.

kYsL `qy kMm krn vfilaf dI igxqI hux lgfqfr vDdI jf rhI hY. ijhnF mflkF nMU Gwt qnKfh `qy kYsL kMm krn vfly lwBdy hn Auh pUrI qnKfh vfly ikAuN rwKxgy? zwgls tOz ny afpxI iek rport ivwc ilbrlF dy ies dfavy df vI prdf PfsL kIqf hY ik ivdysLI stUzYNtF df arQcfry nMU bhuq lfB huMdf hY. aKbfr ny mfhr rfey idMidaF ikhf hY ik ivdysLI stUzYNtF dIaF PIsF nfl vfDU rwKy tIcrF df Krcf hI pUrf huMdf hY pr ividak adfiraF dy ZFcy df Krcf aqy ishq syvfvF df Krcf sUibaF isr pYNdf hY. aKbfr ny bIsI ivwc Es smyN 110,000 ivdysLI stUzYNtF `qy sUbf df $635 imlIan Krcf hox df Kulfsf kIqf hY.

kYsL aqy aMzrgrFAUNz kMm krn vfilaF df boJ AuhnF lokF `qy pYNdf hY jo kMm krdy hn aqy tYks adf krdy hn. tYks dyx vfilaF dI igxqI Gtx aqy kYsL vfilaF dI igxqI vDx nfl dysL nMU BfrI nuksfn hovygf. PYzrl ilbrl srkfr dIaF nIqIaF aMzrgrFAUNz aqy kYsL afriQkqf nMU sLryafm AuqsLfhq kr rhIaF hn qy trUzo srkfr ny kYnyzf nMU luwtx aqy lutfAux df Kuwlf cuwly-inAUNdf idwqf hoieaY!!

- KLbrnfmf #980, julfeI 06-2018

 


gYto-tfAUn bxdy jf rhy brYNptn df koeI bflI-vfrs nhIN

brYNptn istI kONsl ny vI goNglUaF qoN imwtI JfVI

stUzYNt smwisaf dy sfry pihlUaF `qy gwl krnoN Bwjdy ikAuN hn ilbrl aYmpI?

          bIqy hPLqy brYNptn dy bfrzr `qy iewk vwzI ihMsk Gtnf kfrn afm lok qoN aMqrrfsLtrI stUzYNts nfl sbMiDq keI iksm dIaF sLkfieqF sunx nMU iml rhIaF hn. sLkfieqF pihlF vI suxIdIaF sn pr hux iehnF ivwc BfrI vfDf hoieaf hY. isafsI afgU kuJ bolx leI mjbUr hoey hn AuNJ BfvyN krn kuJ vI nf. ilbrl aYmpI ies vfsqy hor ivBfgF aqy srkfrF qy gwl suwt ky Bwjxf cfhuMdy hn. pqf nhIN ilbrl aYmpI stUzYNt smwisaf dy sfry pihlUaF `qy gwl krnoN Bwjdy ikAuN hn? Xfd rwKxf cfhIdf hY ik  kbUqr dy awKF mIcx nfl ibwlI ny gfieb nhIN ho jfxf. ieh smwisaf bhu-pwKI hY aqy ies dy hwl leI srkfr nMU Tos kdm cuwkxy pYxy hn. 

          jfpdf hY ik gYto-tfAUn bxdy jf rhy brYNptn df koeI bflI-vfrs nhIN hY. istI kOsl vI lokF nMU trkfAux dI nIqI `qy cwl rhI hY. istI kONsl ny iewk golmol mqf pfs krky ies nMU ‘plfn’ df nfm idwqf hY. istI ny krnf kI hY ies bfry koeI ivsQfr nhIN hY. myar dy dPqr vloN ByjI geI pRYs rIlIjL KoKlI jfpdI hY. ieh kihxf ik istI bcnbwD hY, koeI mqlb nhIN rwKdf. istI kONslr gurprIq iZloN ky ikhf hY ik istI kONsl ny Aus vloN pysL kIqI geI propojLl Zukrf idwqI hY Bfv sunx qoN vI ienkfr kr idwqf hY. iZloN df kihxf hY ik kONsl lokF dIaF BfvnfvF nMU smJdI hI nhIN hY. jo KoKlf mosLn istI kONsl ny pfs kIqf hY, iZloN ny Aus nMU Tos bnfAuxf cfihaf sI pr kONslr jfhn suprvyarI qoN ibnF iksy ny Aus df smrQn nhIN kIqf. istI kONsl afpxy bfeIlfjL nMU lfgU krn dI ihMmq guaf cuwkI hY aqy isMgl PYmlI homjL nMU rUimMg hfAUs bnfAux ivwc ‘cup’ kfrn BfeIvfl hY. agr koeI hfdsf vfpr igaf qF ies dI ijLMmyvfrI qoN istI kONsl bc nhIN skygI.

          cfr dysI aYmpI istI myar, puils aqy sUbf srkfr nMU nsIaqF dy rhy hn pr afp kuJ krn nMU iqafr nhIN hn. sfrI smwisaf dI jVH kYnyzf dI iZwlI ieMmIgrysLn nIqI hY jo Prfz nMU hr pwDr `qy AuqsLfhq kr rhI hY. ieh iek vwzf vpfr bx cuwkf hY aqy ies ivwc lok kroVF zflr bxf rhy hn. hr pwDr `qy Prfz ho irhf hY jo pMjfb ivwc aeIilts pfs krn jF KrIdx qoN sLurU ho jFdf hY. ijhnF dy byty ieh tYst pfs nhIN kr skdy Auh qyjL lVkIaF dI qlfsL krdy hn aqy AuhnF nMU lwKF Krc ky kYnyzf Byjdy hn qF ik AuhnF df lVkf bfhr inkl sky. keI kysF ivwc lwKF Krcx ipwCoN ivgV vI jFdI hY aqy iPr aKbfrI surKIaF bxdIaF hn. knyzIan imsLnF ivwc kurwpsLn df bolbflf vD igaf hY aqy ieh eyjMtF dy awzy bx gey hn. vIijLaF dI KrIdo ProKq KUb cwl rhI hY. afeIilts vI kmfeI df sfDn hn aqy kYnyzf dy kfljF ivwc dfKlf dvfAux nfl vI 25% kimsLn imldf hY. kYnyzf ivwc jfalI kflj vI QF QF Kuwl gey hn aqy kimAUntI kflj vI ies Prfz df ihwsf bx gey hn jo vfDU stUzYNt iehnF kfljF ivwc BrqI krdy hn. lokl bwicaF dI pVHfeI hux iehnF kimAUntI kfljF dI qrjIh nhIN hY aqy sUbf srkfr iehnF nMU coKI grFt idMdI hY. kYnyzf ivwc pwky hox vfsqy pRovYNsLnl nfmInI pRogrfm aqy aYlaymafeIey ivkfAU hn aqy $10 hjLfr zflr qoN $25 hjLfr zflr qwk vycy-KrIdy jf rhy hn. ieMJ eyQy vI pIar vwzI pwDr `qy  ivwk rhI hY.

          bhuq sfry pMjfbI mIzIafkfr QflI dy loty hn jo GuMmx lwgy imMt nhIN lgfAuNdy. keIaF nMu vIjLy, minstrI primt aqy iesLiqhfr bhuq ipafry hn. Auh afpxy injI muPfd vfsqy Clyzy vFg bdl jFdy hn. jo awgoN ipwCoN ilbrl srkfr nMU kosdy hn Auh iksy ilbrl aYmpI nMU eyar `qy ilaf ky ibwlI bx jFdy hn aqy isPLqF dy puwl bMnx lwg pYNdy hn. kuJ ilbrl aYmpI ies sfry Gtnfkrm dy jMqk hox df dosL mIzIaf isr vI mVdy hn aKy mIzIaf gwl vDf ky pysL kr irhf hY. pwuCxf bxdf hY ik kI mIzIaf afeilts krvfAux, vIjLy dvfAux, jaflI kflj Kohlx, kfljF qoN 25% kimsLn lYx, GrF nM rUimMg hfAUs bnfAux, pIafr dI KrIdo-ProKq krn, ihMsf krvfAux, GtIaf aqy asLlIl kfr nMbr plytF lYx jF dvfAux ivwc ihwsydfr hY? agr mIzIaf iehnF bImfrIaF bfry ilKdf hY qF ieh mIzIaf df PrjL hI bxdf hY.

          cfr ilbrl aYmpI myar aqy pIal puils borz kol Bwjy gey hn qFik lok smJx Auh bhuq dOV Bwj kr rhy hn. puils qF cuwpcfp qmfsLf vyK rhI hY. ajyhIaF GtnfvF nfl hor PMz mMgx df bhfnf iml jFdf hY. pIal pils kol ijhVy pMjfbI pulsIey hn AuhnF ivcoN bhuqy lokF nMU tRYiPk itktF dyx jF dbky mfrn nMU rwKy hoey hn. jo KVkvyN hn Auh KUMjy lgfey hoey hn. rihMdI ksr puils muKI jYnIPr ny mIitMg ivwc kwZ idwqI jd Tok ky dysI aYmpIjL nMU afK idwqf ik afpxI srkfr nMU afKo sKLq kfnMUn bxfE ijs nfl iksy nMU sjLf vI dvfeI jf skdy. trUzo srkfr df eyjMzf qF kfnMUn iZly krnf hY, sKLq krnf nhIN hY.

          iPr myar ilMzf jfPLrI vwl dOV pey. myar kI kr skdI hY Auh qF ipMjry dI pMCI hY. ipMjry dy mflk ipwCy bYT ky qxIaF iKwcdy hn. ies nfloN qF ipMjry dy mflkF nfl mulfkfq kr lYNdy qF cMgf sI. myar qF cfr sfl afpxI kONsl nMU iksy kMm vfsqy sihmq nhIN kr skI jo Aus dy ihwq ivwc sI, Auh quhfzf ikhVf mslf hwl kr skdI hY? istI kONsl vfsqy ieh cox df sfl hY. ijhnF ny cox lVnI hY Auh istI bfeIlfjL lfgU krky GrF dI Evr-krfAUizMg nhIN htfAuxgy ikAuNik ies nfl pYsf bxf rhy mkfn mflk nrfjL ho jfxgy. ijhnF ny cox nhIN lVnI AuhnF nMU isrdrdI lYx dI loV hI nhIN hY Auh qF pYnsLn aqy sYvrYNs dy Pfrm Br rhy hn qFik pirvfrF smyq lMbIaF CuwtIaF `qy jf skx.

          sLYryzn kflj nMU iehnF aYmpIjL ny iml ilaf hY aqy ieh kflj puafVy dI jVH hY. ivdysLIaF qoN motIaF PIsF aqy sUbf srkfr qoN grFtF vsUldf hY. hor kimAUntI kflj vI ieh Kyz Kyz rhy hn. iehnF nMU qF hux Porz dy rUp ivwc bfjy vflf hI twkr skdf hY.

          knyzIan sLihrI aqy pIafr lok jd KusLI gmI mOky iksy irsLqydfr vfsqy vIjLf mMgdy hn qF CwqI sbUq mMg ky vI Tfh nFh kIqI jFdI hY. pr stUzYNt iek aYsf mYijk sLbd hY ijs nfl vIijLaF dIaF lihrF bihrF ho jFdIaF hn.

-pRsLFq lfielpurI, KLbrnfmf #979, jUn 29-2018

 

 


swB hwdF bMny twp igaf hY ieMmIgrysLn Prfz!!

awKF aqy kMn vlytI bYTy hn ilbrl mMqrI aqy sMqrI!

- pRsLFq lfielpurI

 

buwDvfr rfq nMU brYNptn dy sfAUQ vYst ivwc stIljL aqy ivsntn crcl dy cONk ivwc vfprI iewk iBafnk ihMsk Gtnf ny pMjfbI BfeIcfry nMU JMjoV ky rwK idwqf hY. puils aqy hor sroqF muqfibk mfmlf kuJ ieMtrnYsLnl stUzYNts vloN iewk Gr ikrfey `qy lYx vfsqy iek rIal astyt eyjMt nMU zIpfijLt dyx qoN sLurU hoieaf. jd mkfn mflk ny Gr stUzYNts nMU ydyx qoN nFh kr idwqI qF sMBfvI ikrfeydfr ny eyjMt nMU jldI Aus df zIpfijLt cYWk vfps krn leI afiKaf. afpxy do dosqF smyq cYWk vfps krn gey eyjMt ny jd do ku drjun pMjfbI nOjvfn vyKy qF AuhnF ny afpxf ipwkawp trwk Bjf ilaf. lfeItF `qy trwk Gyr ilaf igaf aqy bysbfl bYtF qy rfzF nfl trwk vfilaF `qy hmlf kr idwqf igaf. hmlfvrF dI igxqI 15-20 dwsI jf rhI hY ijhnF dI agvfeI iewk 20 ku sfl df stUzYNt afgU kr irhf sI. ies hmly ivwc eyjMt smyq iqMn ivakqI jLKLmI hoey ijhnF ivcoN iewk dI hflq sIrIas dwsI jFdI hY.

          ies Gtnf dI Kbr pMjfbI BfeIcfry ivwc jMgl dI awg vFg PYl geI. ies qoN pihlF hPLqy dy smyN ivwc stUzYNts dI lVfeI dIaF keI vIzIEjL vfierl hoeIaF sn. stUzYNtF vloN asLlIl iksm dIaF kfr nMbr plytF dI crcf vI kfPLI smyN qoN cwl rhI sI aqy sIbIsI ny vI ies bfry iek bhucricq rport pysL kIqI sI.

          ihMsk vrqfrf aqy DVfDV af rhy stUzYNts nfl juVy keI msilaF dI inwq crcf ho rhI hY. lok afK rhy hn knyzIan nOjvfn lVkIaF dI kfmuk CyVCfV ho rhI hY. plfijLaF ivwc avfjLy kwsy jFdy hn aqy ipwCf kIqf jFdf hY. brYNptn vrgy sLihrF ivwc rihx vfsqy bysmYNt qlfsLxI musLkl ho geI hY. keI GrF ivwc 20 qoN 25 qwk stUzYNt rih rhy hn  aqy istI dI mnjLUrI qoN ibnF bysmYNt apfrtmYNt bxy hoey hn. stUzYNt vIjLf df vpfr krn vfsqy jfalI skUl aqy kflj bxy hoey hn jo hPqy `c iewk vfr msF hfjLrI hI lgfAuNdy hn. bfkI idn kiQq ivdysLI stUzYNt kMm krdy hn. pMjfbI BfeIcfry ivwc ieh afm crcf hY ik stUzYNt vIjLf kYnyzf afAux vfsqy ieMmIgrysLn Prfz vjoN vriqaf jf irhf hY.

          ieMmIgrysLn Prfz swB hwdF bMny twp igaf hY.  ilbrl mMqrI aqy sMqrI awKF aqy kMn vlytI bYTy hn. ieh mfmlf sfl qoN vwD smyN qoN crcf ivwc hY aqy lok lgfqfr sLkfieqF krdy af rhy hn pr ilbrl mMqrI aqy sMqrI sfl Br lwgBg KfmosL rhy hn. trUzo dy rfj ivwc ieMMmIgrysLn Prfz knyzIan-vYlXU bx igaf hY aqy nlfiek ieMmIgrysLn mMqrI ny isstm df hor BwTf ibTf idwqf hY.

          hux jd ies ihMsk Gtnf kfrn hr pfsy hfhfkfr mc geI hY qF kuJ ilbrl sMqrI lolopopo krn vfsqy pMjfbI mIzIaf ivwc pRgt ho rhy hn. aKy asIN sLYryzn kflj nfl mIitMg kIqI hY, myar aqy puils nfl gwl kIqI hY.  sLYryzn kflj qF smwisaf df ihwsf hY aqy awKF mIc ky mlfeI lfh irhf hY. kflj nMU mlfeI df suafd pY igaf hY, ieh htx vflf nhIN hY. iewk pfsy ieMtrnYsLnl stUzYNts qoN motIaF PIsF vsUlIaF jf rhIaF hn pr dUjy pfsy srkfrI grFtF vI hVwpIaF jf rhIaF hn. kI ieh kflj ivdysLIaF vfsqy Kohilaf igaf hY? agr ivdysLI pVfHAuxy hn qF ivdysL ivwc brFcF KohlIaF jf skdIaF hn.

          iewk ilbrl sMqrI df kihxf hY ik stUzYNt bhuq PIs idMdy hn aqy pMjfbI mIzIaf bfq df bqMgV bxf irhf hY. iewk ilbrl sMqrYx afKdI hY ik sfry stUzYNt mfVy nhIN hn. bIbI ieh gwl qF swB jfxdy hn ik iksy vI vrg dy sfry lok kdy mfVy nhIN huMdy. jo inwq lVfeI dIaF vIzIEjL af rhIaF hn Auh ikhnF dIaF hn? jo GtIaf nMbr plytF lYNdy hn Auh kOx hn? kI kdy pihlF vI ies iksm dIaF kfr plytF suxIaF sn? kI kdy lwKF lok ies ZMg nfl pVHn afey hn ijhnF ivcoN tFvyN tFvyN iewk do simstr pVHdy hn aqy bfkI afny bhfny kMm krdy hn. ilbrl srkfr AuhnF dy spfAUjLF aqy mfipaF nMU vI DVf DV vIjLy dy rhI hY pr knyzIan sLihrIaF dy irsLqydfrF nMU dwuK suwK mOky drjnF sbUq mMg ky Jwt ienkfr kr idwqf jFdf hY. afmdn dy sbUq aqy tYks rItrnf mMgIaF jFdIaF hn pr ieMtrnYsLnl stUzYNts vfsqy koeI sLrq nhIN hY. iewk hor ilbrl sMqrYx afKdI hY ik stUzYNts afriQkqf ivwc bhuq ihwsf pfAuNdy hn. bIbI agr stUzYNt bulf ky hI dysL dI afriQkqf clfAuxI sI qF coxF mOky lokF nMU dwsxf sI. dysL dI afriQkqf clfAux df ieh ZMg ikMnf ku smF cwlygf? agr pYsy lY ky afriQkqf clfAuxI hY qF ies ivwc stUzYNt vIjLf df Ehlf ikAuN rwKxf hY? bhuqy stUzYNt qF pwky hox aqy kMm krn vfsqy af rhy hn. agr zflr aqy ivdysLI nOjvfn cfhIdy hn qF Aumr, ividaf aqy zflrF dI sLrq lgf ky sMsfr nMU ieh dws idE ik kynyzIan pIafr ivkfAU hY. iewk lwK kYsL zflr, Aumr 18 qoN 20 sfl aqy ividaf 12 jF vwD hovy afE. qF ky kYnyzf srkfr nMU pUrf pYsf iml sky hux qF ivcoly awDy qoN vwD Kf rhy hn. jfalI kflj, skUl, afeIilts qy eyjMt bYTy hn.

          pRDfn mMqrI trUzo dI pMjfb PyrI smyN aKLbfrF ivwc bhuqy vwzy vwzy vYlkm iesLiqhfr aqy ibwl borz AuhnF lokF vloN lgvfey gey sn jo knyzIan vIjLf Kfskr stUzYNt vIjLf df vpfr krdy hn. ies ipCoN pMjfb ivwc hor dukfnF Kuwl geIaF aqy hux vDdIaF hI jfxgIaF ikAuNik ilbrl srkfr ies vpfr nMU hulfrf dy rhI hY. ilbrl mMqrIaF aqy sMqrIaF nMU puils, myar aqy kflj nfl gwl krn dI QF ieMmIgrysLn ivBfg aqy pRDfn mMqrI nfl gwl krnI cfhIdI hY. nhIN qF stUzYNt vIjLf skYNzl iksy idn ilbrl spFsrisLp skYNzl bx jfvygf.

-KLbrnfmf #978, jUn 22-2018

 

 


aKy trUzo bhuq syvf krdY aqy afpxy bwcy af iKzfAuNdY

Kfilsqfn dI lihr psr rhI hY jF suMgV rhI hY?

- pRsLFq lfielpurI

pRDfn mMqrI jistn trUzo dI Bfrq PyrI sLurU huMdy sfr hI ivdysLI pMjfbI mIzIaf ivwc Aus dy guwgy gfAux df islisl sLurU ho igaf sI. hux qwk ies PyrI bfry bhuq kuJ ikhf aqy iliKaf jf cuwkf hY. trUzo dy bwicaF dIaF qsvIrF qF pihly idn hI vfierl hoxIaF sLurU ho geIaF sn. torFto df iek pMjfbI mIzIafkfr afK irhf sI ik vyKo sfzf pRDfn mMqrI ikwzf sfdf hY. Aus dy mn ivwc qF syvf Bfv hY aqy Auh afpxy bwcy afp iKzfAuNdf iPrdf hY. sLfied kuJ lok ieh nhIN jfxdy ik stystmYnisLp  aqy izplomysI bwcy iKzfAuxf nhIN hY. hF isafsI lfhy vfsqy GVIpwl bwicaf nfl klol kr lYxf vwKrI gwl hY. sLfied kuJ lokF dy mn ivwc hovy ik BfrqI isafsqdfn afpxy bwcy afp nhIN iKzfAuNdy aqy bhuq nOkr rwKdy hn jF hr kMm vfsqy nOkr rwKdy hn. ieh gwl TIk vI hY ikAuNik Bfrq ivwc lokF dI jIvn jfc aqy pwDr vwKrf hY. hux qF mwD vrgI iksfnF dy GrF ivwc vI bIbIaF afpxy sUtF nMU vl nhIN pYx idMdIaF aqy rotI-tuwk vfsqy vI nOkrfxIaF rwKIaF hoeIaF hn.

          ijwQoN qwk trUzo vloN afpxy bwcy iKzfAux dI gwl hY, sLfied kuJ lok Buwl gey hn ik jd 2015 ivwc Auh pRDfn mMqrI bxy sn qF kuJ smF bfad hI ieh ivvfd BK ipaf sI ik jnfb trUzo ny do bybIistr rwKy hoey hn aqy AuhnF dIaF qnKfhF vI srkfr dy Kfqy ivcoN idwqI jFdI hY. pihlF trUzo ny ikhf sI ik Auh ajyhf kr ky koeI Buwl nhIN kr rhy pr kYnyzf dI prYs ny rportF idwqIaF sn ik pRDfn mMqrI hfrpr afpxy bybIistr nMU qnKfh afpxy pwilAuN idMdy sn aqy trUzo nMU vI ajyhf hI krnf cfhIdf hY ikAuNik AuhnF nMU cOKI qnKfh, Bwqy aqy shUlqF srkfrI Kfqy ivcoN imldIaF hn. rportF muqfibk trUzo ny do bybIistrF nMU lwK svf lwK zflr qnKfh srkfrI Kfqy ivwcoN idwqI sI.  ies nMU koeI gugl bfby qoN hux pwuC ky vyK lvy sfrI jfxkfrI Jwt sfhmxy af jfvygI aqy bwcy afp iKzfAux dI aslIaq df pqf lwg jfvygf. kihMdy hn hfQI dy dMd Kfx nMU hor aqy ivKAux nMu hor huMdy hn.

          Bfrq PyrI mOky jo hVkMp micaf Auh hux jwg jfhr ho igaf hY. jd BfrqI pRDfn zfktr mnmohn isMG 2010 ivwc jI-20 dI bYTk ivwc Bfg lYx torFto afey sn qF AuhnF nfl igxqI dy mMqrI aqy isafsI shfiek hI sn. hF pIaYmE aqy ivdysL ivBfg dy aiDkfrIaF df nfl hoxf qF bxdf hY. ipwCoN jd 2015 ivwc nirMdr modI kYnYzf afey sn qF AuhnF nfl iek vI kYbint mMqrI jF aYmpI nhIN sI. modI ny afpxf sfrf cOxf iekwTf krky nhIN sI ilaFdf. bwcy modI dy hY hI nhIN hn ijs kfrn sfrI PyrI df 90% ihwsf srkfrI kMmkfr vfsqy hI lgfieaf igaf sI.

          zf: mnmohn isMG aqy modI iKlfP kYnyzf ivwc ros pRdrsLn vI bhuq hoey sn. modI iKlfPL qF aftvf eyarport `qy Auqrdy sfr hI KfilsqfnI pRotYst krn pwuj gey sn. clo ieh swB df jmhUrI hwk hY. ies mOky mnvIr isMG nfm df mFtrIal invfsI afpxy sfQIaF nfl bYnr leI Kloqf sI ijs `qy horF qoN ielfvf iek nfhrf “modI dihsLqgrd hY” iliKaf hoieaf sI. ies nMU bdlvyN rUp ivwc vyKIey aqy qswvr krIey ik agr nvIN idwlI eyarport `qy trUzo iKlfPL ies iksm dy nfhry vfly roskfrI KVy huMdy qF ikMnf rOlf pYxf sI? iewk kdm hor awgy socIey qF mnvIr isMG nfm df ieh roskfrI trUzo dI tIm nfl mIzIaf vjoN Bfrq igaf hoieaf sI pr iksy vI BfrqI aiDkfrI ny ieh nhIN afiKaf ik jsitn trUzo Aus nMU modI dI ikrkrI krn vfsqy nfl lY ky afieaf hY.

          ies PyrI dOrfn KfilsqfnI lihr dI bhuq crcf hoeI hY qy kuJ KfilsqfnI ies `qy ros vI kr rhy hn aqy bhuq pblIistI imlx dy nfm `qy KusLI vI pRgt kr rhy hn. hYrfnI vflI gwl ieh hY ik agr Bfrq srkfr jF KfilsqfnIaF df ivcfrDfrk ivroD krn vfly ieh afK dyx ik kYnyzf ivwc KfilsqfnI bhuq qfkq ivwc hn qF keI guwsf kr jFdy hn. afKdy hn ik hAUaf bxf ky pysL kIqf jf irhf hY. agr koeI ieh afK dyvy ik KfilsqfnIaF df bhuqf aDfr nhIN hY ieh qF ZfeI totrU hn, qwd vI bhuq guwsf krdy hn. iek qrF nfl KfilsqfnI lihr df Kuwl ky jMqk qOr `qy ivsLysLx krn dI ax aYlfnI mnfhI hY. iksy jMqk smfgm dIaF koeI qsvIrF iKwc lvy qF guwsf Kf jFdy hn pr afp Jwt sosLl mIzIaf AuWqy sfrIaF Poto aqy vIzIE jV idMdy hn. iehnF nMU KusL krn vfsqy kYnyzf ivwc Kfilsqfn dI lihr psr rhI hY jF suMgV rhI hY bfry mOky muqfibk hI kihxf cfhIdf hY.

          hux ilbrl aYmpI rxdIp srfey AuWqy jspfl atvfl nMU swdf pwqr dyx dI gfjL izwg peI hY. pr KfilsqnI kdy vI Aus nMU ies leI ksUrvfr nhIN afKxgy, BfvyN Aus ny afpxI glqI ilKqI qOr `qy vI mMn leI hY. Auh Bfrq srkfr nMU hI dosLI dwsdy hn. jnfb trUzo ny vI do byVIaF ivwc pYr rwK ley hn. agr iksy ksUr kfrn srfey df asqIPf ilaf hY aqy BfrqI eyjMtF ny trUzo dI PyrI nMU qfrpIzo kIqf hY qF kI srfey df BfrqI eyjMtF nfl koeI sbMD hY?

          iehI hfl eyar ieMzIaf bMb kFz dy kys ivwc irhf hY. dfavy krdy hn ik BfrqI eyjMtF ny eyar ieMzIaf df jhfjL qbfh kIqf hY qFik iswKF nMU bdnfm kIqf jf sky.  kYnyzf dy adlqI ZFcy ivwc vI bhuq ivsLvfs hY. pr knyzIan adflqF ny ieMdrjIq isMG irafq nMU iqMn vfr bMb kFz nfl sbMiDq kysF ivwc ksUrvfr Tihrfieaf hY aqy krmvfr 10 sfl, 5 sfl aqy 9 sfl kYd kIqI hY. jsits jfn myjr dy kimsLn ny qlivMdr prmfr nMU bMb kFz df mfstr mfeINz ikhf hY. pr KfilsqfnI bfijLd hn ik jhfjL Bfrq eyjMtF ny suwitaf hY. clo agr ies nMU mMn ilaf jfvy qF svfl pYdf huMdf hY ik kI irafq aqy prmfr BfrqI eyjMt sn? kihxgy nhIN Auh qF sLhId aqy ijMLdf sLhId hn.

- KLbrnfmf #963, mfrc 01-2018

 

‘sLfhI pirvfrk CuwtIaF’ aqy ‘qIrQ Xfqrf’ qwk mihdUd ho ky rih geI jsitn trUzo dI Bfrq PyrI –pRsLFq lfielpurI

          16 PrvrI nMU aftvf qoN cwl ky 17 PrvrI nMU Bfrq dI srkfrI Xfqrf `qy nvIN idwlI puwjy pRDfn mMqrI jsitn trUzo dI 24 PrvrI nMU vfpsI dI Auzffx Brngy. ieh sqrF ilKy jfx qwk trUzo dI Xfqrf df bws svf ku idn hI bfkI bcdf sI. hux qwk jsitn trUzo dI Bfrq PyrI ‘sLfhI pirvfrk CuwtIaF’ aqy ‘qIrQ Xfqrf’ qwk mihdUd ho ky rih geI jfpdI hY. hux qwk nf koeI vpfr dI bhuqI gwl hoeI hY aqy nf hI duvwly sbMDF dI gwl hoeI hY. bws 20 PrvrI nMU muMbeI ivwc kuJ vpfrIaF nfl mulfkfqF hoeIaF hn aqy mfmUlI vpfrk smJOqy vI hoey hn ijhnF df kul-vrQ iewk iblIan dwisaf igaf hY. pr ies dI smF sImF df keI pqf nhIN lwgf. agr duvwlI ienvYstmYNt iek iblIan zflr hoxI hY pr hoxI 10 sflF ivwc hY qF ieh koeI vwzI gwl nhIN hY. ies PrrI dOrfn hux qwk aMimRqsr ivwc trUzo dI pMjfb dy muwK mMqrI kY: amirMdr isMG nfl hoeI mIitMg hI vjLundfr smJI jf skdI hY ijs ijs nfl sbMDF ivwc kuJ suDfr hox dI sMBfvnf bxI hY. bfkI idwlI ivwc 23 -24 qrIk nMU kI huMdf hY, ieh vyKxf bfkI hY.

          17 PrvrI nMUN nvIN idwlI ivwc Auqrn ipwCoN trUzo ny qfj mihl vyiKaf aqy pirvfr dIaF rMg brMgIaF qsvIrF iKcvfeIaF. trUzo dy mMqrI aqy sMqrI vI lfeInF bMn ny qsvIrF iKvcfAuNdf vyiKaf igaf. jd BFrq dy pRDfn mMqrI modI ny kYnyzf df dOrfn kIqf sI qF Aus nfl BfrqI mMqrIaF aqy sMqrIaF df cOxF nhIN sI. zfktr mnmohn isMG ny jd 2010 ivwc kYnyzf df dOrf kIqf sI qF AuhnF df zYlIgysLn vI ‘izplomYitk’ pwDr qwk df hI sI. modI ny vYnkUvr ivwc iewk gurdvfry df dOrf kIqf sI ijs df KfilsqfnIaF ny zwt ky ivroD kIqf si. zfktr mnmohn isMG afpxI PyrI dOrfn srkfrI mulfkfqF qwk hI sImq rhy sn. pr jnfb trUzo df bhuqf jLor Dfrimk aqy mnorMjn sYr spftf hI irhf hY.

          bhuq hYrfnI vflI gwl hY ik kYnyzf ivwc vwKvfdI ivcfrDfrf vfly lokF ny ieh rOlF pfieaf ik Bfrq dy pRDfn mMqrI modI ny eyarport `qy af ky trUzo df svfgq nhIN kIqf jd ik iejLrfeIl dy pRDfn mMqrI smyq hor keI ivdysLI afgUaF df kIqf igaf sI. ies dy nfl hI ieh dosL vI lgfey gey hn ies nfl pRotokol (sPfrqI mirXfdf) dI AulMGxf hoeI hY. pqf nhIN ieh lok pRotokol dy ikMny ku mfhr hn aqy iehnF kol pRotokol dy tuwt jfx dy kI sbUq hn? agr modI eyarport `qy nhIN puwjdf qF ies nfl pRotokol ikvyN tut geI? pRotokol dI pflxf vfsqy dovF dysLF ny ies PyrI dIaF bfrIkIaF qYa kridaF pRotokol df pUrf iDafn rwiKaf hovygf aqy iPr ies dI pflxf vI jLkInI bxfeI hovygI. ieh gwl vI iDafn ivwc rwKx vflI hY ik dovF dysLF dy pRotokol aPLsr hr vkq PyrI df mfrg drsLn krdy hn.

          agr koeI host dysL pRotokol nMU qoV dyvy qF ies nfl dovF dysLF dy sbMD Krfb ho skdy hn. kdy vI pRotokol nMU hyTF vwl nhIN qoiVaf jf skdf Bfv ies nMU zfAUn gryz nhIN kIqf jf skdf. hF ies nMU apgryz kIqf jf skdf hY jF afK lE ik ies nMU AuqFh nMU qoiVaf jf skdf hY. pr apgryz krn jF AuqFh nMU qoVn vfsqy kuJ Kfs kfrn huMdy hn.

          iehnF Kfs kfrnf ivwc dovF dysLF dy afpsI sbMDF df ikMnf ku mhwqv hY iek muK kfrn hY aqy dUjf hY dovF nyqfvF df afpsI sbMD ikMnf ku nyVqf vflf hY. iejLrfeIl dy mfmly ivwc Auprly dovyN nukqy spsLt sn ijs kfrn modI ny bYNjmYn inqnXfhU df eyarport `qy jf ky svfgq kIqf sI. rhI gwl trUzo dy svfgq dI ieh pRotokol muqfibk cwl rhI hY aqy ies nMU apgryz nhIN kIqf igaf jF AuWpr vwl nhIN qoiVaf igaf. trUzo qoN iek idn pihlF eIrfn dy rfsLtrpqI Bfrq dOry `qy afey sn qd vI pRotokol nMU AuWpr vloN nhIN sI qoiVaf igaf hflFik eIrfn Bfrq ivwc kYnyzf nfloN bhuq mhwqv rwKdf hY. Bfrq ny eIrfn dI cfbfr bMdrgfh `qy 500 imlIan zflr Kricaf hY aqy hux aPgfinsqfn qy sYntrl eysLIaf nfl vpfr vDfx leI eIrfn `c rylvy lfeIn ivsLfAux vfsqy vI gwlbfq cwl rhI hY. Bfrq vfsqy eIrfn sMsfr ivcoN qIjf vwzf qyl splfier hY aqy ies dI rxnIqk mhwqqf hY. ies dy mukfbly kYnyzf aqy Bfrq df vpfr bhuq hI sImq ($6 iblIan) hY aqy koeI rxnIqk mhwqqf nhIN hY.

          kY: amirMdr isMG ny jo dosL KfilsqfnI glLby dy lgfey hn Auh kuQfeyN nhIN hn. trUzo dI pfrtI aqy srkfr ivwc ies glLby df sihsfs krnf musLkl nhIN hY. jd PyrI sLurU hox vflI sI qF KLbr afeI ik trUzo df kYptn nMU imlx df koeI pRogrfm nhIN hY. ies `qy KfilsqfnIaF ny bhuq iKlI pfeI aqy trUzo nMU vDfeI idwqI ik Aus ny kYptn vloN swjx dI kIqI byiejLqI df bdlf lY ilaf hY. iPr jd KLbr afeI ik swjx ny kYnyzf dy aMbyszr nMU afiKaf ik Auh amirMdr nfl mulfkfq df pRbMD kry aqy iewk swjx ny ies nMU ‘arjoeI’ Bfv pRbMD krn dI bynqI (rIkuaYst) kIqI qF KfilsqfnI BVk pey ik swjx ny koeI ‘arjoeI’ nhIN kIqI. clo nhIN kIqI hovygI, aMgryjLI mIzIaf muqibk rIkuaYst hI kIqI hovygI aqy iksy ny ies df qrjmf ‘arjoeI’ kr idwqf hovygf. ies df spsLtIkrn swjx df dPLqr dy skdf sI pr juvfb dy vfsqy KfilsqfnI Bwj AuTy. hux qwk trUzo ny pirvfr smyq muwK rUp ivwc qfjL, aksLrDfm mMidr, sfbrmqI gFDI afsLrm, sRI drbfr sfihb, jfmf msijd, iewk crc aqy vfielz lfeIP pfrk vyiKaf hY. ieMj hux qwk ieh sLfhI CuwtIaF aqy qIrQ Xfqrf bx ky rih geI hY.

-KLbrnfmf #962, PrvrI 23-2018


 

 

‘sLfhI pirvfrk CuwtIaF’ aqy ‘qIrQ Xfqrf’ qwk mihdUd ho ky rih geI jsitn trUzo dI Bfrq PyrI –pRsLFq lfielpurI

          16 PrvrI nMU aftvf qoN cwl ky 17 PrvrI nMU Bfrq dI srkfrI Xfqrf `qy nvIN idwlI puwjy pRDfn mMqrI jsitn trUzo dI 24 PrvrI nMU vfpsI dI Auzffx Brngy. ieh sqrF ilKy jfx qwk trUzo dI Xfqrf df bws svf ku idn hI bfkI bcdf sI. hux qwk jsitn trUzo dI Bfrq PyrI ‘sLfhI pirvfrk CuwtIaF’ aqy ‘qIrQ Xfqrf’ qwk mihdUd ho ky rih geI jfpdI hY. hux qwk nf koeI vpfr dI bhuqI gwl hoeI hY aqy nf hI duvwly sbMDF dI gwl hoeI hY. bws 20 PrvrI nMU muMbeI ivwc kuJ vpfrIaF nfl mulfkfqF hoeIaF hn aqy mfmUlI vpfrk smJOqy vI hoey hn ijhnF df kul-vrQ iewk iblIan dwisaf igaf hY. pr ies dI smF sImF df keI pqf nhIN lwgf. agr duvwlI ienvYstmYNt iek iblIan zflr hoxI hY pr hoxI 10 sflF ivwc hY qF ieh koeI vwzI gwl nhIN hY. ies PrrI dOrfn hux qwk aMimRqsr ivwc trUzo dI pMjfb dy muwK mMqrI kY: amirMdr isMG nfl hoeI mIitMg hI vjLundfr smJI jf skdI hY ijs ijs nfl sbMDF ivwc kuJ suDfr hox dI sMBfvnf bxI hY. bfkI idwlI ivwc 23 -24 qrIk nMU kI huMdf hY, ieh vyKxf bfkI hY.

          17 PrvrI nMUN nvIN idwlI ivwc Auqrn ipwCoN trUzo ny qfj mihl vyiKaf aqy pirvfr dIaF rMg brMgIaF qsvIrF iKcvfeIaF. trUzo dy mMqrI aqy sMqrI vI lfeInF bMn ny qsvIrF iKvcfAuNdf vyiKaf igaf. jd BFrq dy pRDfn mMqrI modI ny kYnyzf df dOrfn kIqf sI qF Aus nfl BfrqI mMqrIaF aqy sMqrIaF df cOxF nhIN sI. zfktr mnmohn isMG ny jd 2010 ivwc kYnyzf df dOrf kIqf sI qF AuhnF df zYlIgysLn vI ‘izplomYitk’ pwDr qwk df hI sI. modI ny vYnkUvr ivwc iewk gurdvfry df dOrf kIqf sI ijs df KfilsqfnIaF ny zwt ky ivroD kIqf si. zfktr mnmohn isMG afpxI PyrI dOrfn srkfrI mulfkfqF qwk hI sImq rhy sn. pr jnfb trUzo df bhuqf jLor Dfrimk aqy mnorMjn sYr spftf hI irhf hY.

          bhuq hYrfnI vflI gwl hY ik kYnyzf ivwc vwKvfdI ivcfrDfrf vfly lokF ny ieh rOlF pfieaf ik Bfrq dy pRDfn mMqrI modI ny eyarport `qy af ky trUzo df svfgq nhIN kIqf jd ik iejLrfeIl dy pRDfn mMqrI smyq hor keI ivdysLI afgUaF df kIqf igaf sI. ies dy nfl hI ieh dosL vI lgfey gey hn ies nfl pRotokol (sPfrqI mirXfdf) dI AulMGxf hoeI hY. pqf nhIN ieh lok pRotokol dy ikMny ku mfhr hn aqy iehnF kol pRotokol dy tuwt jfx dy kI sbUq hn? agr modI eyarport `qy nhIN puwjdf qF ies nfl pRotokol ikvyN tut geI? pRotokol dI pflxf vfsqy dovF dysLF ny ies PyrI dIaF bfrIkIaF qYa kridaF pRotokol df pUrf iDafn rwiKaf hovygf aqy iPr ies dI pflxf vI jLkInI bxfeI hovygI. ieh gwl vI iDafn ivwc rwKx vflI hY ik dovF dysLF dy pRotokol aPLsr hr vkq PyrI df mfrg drsLn krdy hn.

          agr koeI host dysL pRotokol nMU qoV dyvy qF ies nfl dovF dysLF dy sbMD Krfb ho skdy hn. kdy vI pRotokol nMU hyTF vwl nhIN qoiVaf jf skdf Bfv ies nMU zfAUn gryz nhIN kIqf jf skdf. hF ies nMU apgryz kIqf jf skdf hY jF afK lE ik ies nMU AuqFh nMU qoiVaf jf skdf hY. pr apgryz krn jF AuqFh nMU qoVn vfsqy kuJ Kfs kfrn huMdy hn.

          iehnF Kfs kfrnf ivwc dovF dysLF dy afpsI sbMDF df ikMnf ku mhwqv hY iek muK kfrn hY aqy dUjf hY dovF nyqfvF df afpsI sbMD ikMnf ku nyVqf vflf hY. iejLrfeIl dy mfmly ivwc Auprly dovyN nukqy spsLt sn ijs kfrn modI ny bYNjmYn inqnXfhU df eyarport `qy jf ky svfgq kIqf sI. rhI gwl trUzo dy svfgq dI ieh pRotokol muqfibk cwl rhI hY aqy ies nMU apgryz nhIN kIqf igaf jF AuWpr vwl nhIN qoiVaf igaf. trUzo qoN iek idn pihlF eIrfn dy rfsLtrpqI Bfrq dOry `qy afey sn qd vI pRotokol nMU AuWpr vloN nhIN sI qoiVaf igaf hflFik eIrfn Bfrq ivwc kYnyzf nfloN bhuq mhwqv rwKdf hY. Bfrq ny eIrfn dI cfbfr bMdrgfh `qy 500 imlIan zflr Kricaf hY aqy hux aPgfinsqfn qy sYntrl eysLIaf nfl vpfr vDfx leI eIrfn `c rylvy lfeIn ivsLfAux vfsqy vI gwlbfq cwl rhI hY. Bfrq vfsqy eIrfn sMsfr ivcoN qIjf vwzf qyl splfier hY aqy ies dI rxnIqk mhwqqf hY. ies dy mukfbly kYnyzf aqy Bfrq df vpfr bhuq hI sImq ($6 iblIan) hY aqy koeI rxnIqk mhwqqf nhIN hY.

          kY: amirMdr isMG ny jo dosL KfilsqfnI glLby dy lgfey hn Auh kuQfeyN nhIN hn. trUzo dI pfrtI aqy srkfr ivwc ies glLby df sihsfs krnf musLkl nhIN hY. jd PyrI sLurU hox vflI sI qF KLbr afeI ik trUzo df kYptn nMU imlx df koeI pRogrfm nhIN hY. ies `qy KfilsqfnIaF ny bhuq iKlI pfeI aqy trUzo nMU vDfeI idwqI ik Aus ny kYptn vloN swjx dI kIqI byiejLqI df bdlf lY ilaf hY. iPr jd KLbr afeI ik swjx ny kYnyzf dy aMbyszr nMU afiKaf ik Auh amirMdr nfl mulfkfq df pRbMD kry aqy iewk swjx ny ies nMU ‘arjoeI’ Bfv pRbMD krn dI bynqI (rIkuaYst) kIqI qF KfilsqfnI BVk pey ik swjx ny koeI ‘arjoeI’ nhIN kIqI. clo nhIN kIqI hovygI, aMgryjLI mIzIaf muqibk rIkuaYst hI kIqI hovygI aqy iksy ny ies df qrjmf ‘arjoeI’ kr idwqf hovygf. ies df spsLtIkrn swjx df dPLqr dy skdf sI pr juvfb dy vfsqy KfilsqfnI Bwj AuTy. hux qwk trUzo ny pirvfr smyq muwK rUp ivwc qfjL, aksLrDfm mMidr, sfbrmqI gFDI afsLrm, sRI drbfr sfihb, jfmf msijd, iewk crc aqy vfielz lfeIP pfrk vyiKaf hY. ieMj hux qwk ieh sLfhI CuwtIaF aqy qIrQ Xfqrf bx ky rih geI hY.

-KLbrnfmf #962, PrvrI 23-2018

 


pMjfb dy iksfnF nMU prflI nMU awg lgfAUx leI AuksfAux vfly hux ikwQy gfieb ho gey hn?

- blrfj idEl

 

          pMjfb aqy idwlI smyq AuWqrI Bfrq nMU pRdUsLx ny Gyiraf hoieaf hY ijs nMU ‘smOg’ df nfm idwqf jf irhf hY. nvMbr dy pihly hPLqy eynI srdI nhIN huMdI ik sMGxI DuMd (POg) pYx lwg jfvy. kihMdy hn ik ijs dYNq ny sUrj dIaF ikrnF nMU DrqI `qy pYx qoN roikaf hoieaf hY Aus df nfm ‘smOg’ ies leI rwiKaf igaf hY ikAuNik ieh DUMeyN (smok) aqy DuMd dy rlyvyN nfl bixaF hY. kuJ lok ies nMU sMGxI DuaFKI DuMd vI afK rhy hn.

          pMjfb, idwlI aqy hirafxf ivwc anykF aYksIzYNt hoey hn aqy hor ho rhy hn ijhnF ivwc anykF lok mfry gey hn jF jKLmI hoey hn. biTMzf ivwc lihrf muhfbq njLdIk hoey iewk iBafnk hfdsy ivwc 10 mOqF hoeIaF hn ijhnF ivwc 8 skUlI bwcy hn. ies hfdsy df kfrn ‘smOg’ dwisaf jf irhf hY ijs nfl idn smyN ‘jLIro ivjLibltI’ ho geI hY aqy sUrj dyvqf alop ho igaf hY. hfdsy dIaF drdnfk qsvIrF ivwc iKlry hoey hfdsfgRsq vhIkl aqy bwicaF dy skUlI bsqy idwl nMU DUh pfAuNdy hn. hor keI hfdisaF dIaF rportF af rhIaF hn. 8 nvMbr idn buwDvfr svyry Xmunf aYkspRYws vya dy kol qkrIbn 24 vfhn iek-dUjy nfl tkrfey, ijs kfrn keI lok gMBIr rUp 'c ËÉmI ho gey. ies Gtnf nfl sbMiDq vIzIE soÈl mIzIaf 'qy KUb vfierl ho irhf hY.

          pRdUÈx kMtrol borz 100 drjy dy pRdUÈx pwDr nUM afm mMndf hY, pr borz vloˆ 6 nvMbr nUM irkfrz kIqf pRdUÈx pwDr Éqry dI hwd twp cuwkf hY. mMzI goibMdgVH Èfm 4 vjy hvf pRdUÈx df pwDr 349 sI jdik luiDafxf ivc ieh pwDr 351 Auqy sI. aMimRqsr dy hvf pRdUÈx pwDr 319 sI. pRdUsLx df ieh pwDr dIvflI vflI rfq aqy agly idn qoN vI vwD hY. iehI hfl rfjDfnI idwlI df hY ijwQy dIvflI mOky ipCly sfl dy mukfbly pRdUsLx Gwt rIkfrz kIqf igaf sI. ikAuNik adflq ny dIvflI mOky ptfky clfAux `qy keI iksm dIaF bMdsLF lgf idwqIaF sn ijhnF df cMgf asr hoieaf sI.

          ‘smOg’ kfrn idwlI aqy pMjfb ivwc ies hPLqy vfsqy skUl bMd kr idwqy gey hn. lokF nMU GrF dy aMdr rihx dI slfh idwqI jf rhI hY aqy svyr dI sYr qoN vI roikaf jf irhf hY. ies ‘smOg’ kfrn ikMny ku lok bImfr hoxgy jF mOq dy mUMh pY jfxgy ies qF smF hI dwsygf. hux lok mINh aqy qyjL hvfvF vgx leI ardfsF kr rhy qF ik ‘smOg’ qoN rfhq iml sky.

          sVkI, ryl aqy hvfeI avfjfeI pRBfvq hox kfrn kfPI mflI nuksfn vI hovygf. mfhr smJdy hn ik pMjfb aqy hirafxf ivwc iksfnF vloN Jony dI prflI nMU awg lgfey jfx kfrn ies iksm dI gMBIr siQqI pYdf hoeI hY. ‘smOg’ dI mfr pfiksqfn qwk vI ho rhI hY aqy pfiksqfnI vI ies nMU BfrqI iksnF vloN awg lgfAux isr mVH rhy hn.

          ieh rportF vI afeIaF hn ik ies sfl gurU nfnk dyv jI dy jnm idvs mOky pMjfb aqy idwlI ivwc dIvflI nfloN vI vwD ptfky clfey gey hn ijs nfl DuMeyN ivwc axikafisaf vfDf hoieaf hY.

          dIvflI `qy afm lok hyTly pwDr qwk ptfky clfAuNdy afey hn pr gurU nfnk dy jnm mOky kdy ajyhI rIq nhIN sI. hF kuJ aihm gurdvfiraF ivwc smfgmF mOky kuJ ptfky clf ley jFdy sn. kuJ aigafnIaF ny gurU nfnk df sMdysL aqy AupdysL sunx/mMnx dI QF ptfky clf ky iswK hox df ssqf sbUq idwqf hY jo mnuwKF smyq smuwcy jIvF nMU mihMgf pY irhf hY. koeI iswK afgU ies dy iKlfPL Kuwl ky nhIN boilaf. gurpurb qoN pihlF jd ieh mfmlf hfeIkort ivwc puwjf qF pMjfb hfeIkort ny Gwt igxqI iPrky dy kuJ KrUdIaF dI nrfjLgI qoN zridaF dIvflI vFg ptfky clfAux df smF insLcq kr idwqf. koeI iswK afgU ieh nhIN boilaf ik gur purb mOky ptfky clfAux dI rvfieq hY hI nhIN so ies `qy pfbMdI lgf idwqI jfvy. ies dy Elt idwlI ivwc dIvflI mOky adflq vloN ptfikaF `qy lgfeI geI pfbMdI iewk ihMdU dI ptIsLn kfrn lgfeI geI sI.

          jd prflI nMU awg lgfAux iKlfPL avfjL AuTx lwgI qF pMjfb dy iksfnF dy kiQq rKvfly afKx lwg pey ik ihMdU dusihry mOky afp rfvx dy puqly nMU awgy lgfAuNdy hn, AudoN nhIN DUMaF inkldf?  pr iksfnF nMU prflI nMU awg lgfAux qoN rokdy hn. lE kr lE gwl pRdUsLx dy msly nMU Drm df mslf bxf ilaf igaf pr hux ‘smOg’ iksy df Drm nhIN puwCdf swB nMU dwbI bYTf hY.

          7 nvMbr dI iewk rport muqfibk pMjfb ivwc prflI nMU awg lgfAux dy 37,000 mfmly sfhmxy afey hn aqy 2100 cfrj kwty gey hn. agr 37,000 sfhmxy afey hn qF asl ivwc igxqI ies qoN ikqy vwD hovygI. hr iewk mfmly ivwc 1-2 KyqF qoN lY ky drjunF KyqF dI prflI nMU awg lgfeI geI hovygI ijs nfl lwKF eykV df rkbf bxdf hY. kI pMjfb ivwc msF 200 rfvx PUkx aqy lwKF eykV prflI Pukx df asr brfbr bxdf hY? duishrf aqy dIvflI purqfn rIvfj hn ijhnF nMU inXmbwD krnf bxdf hY pr iehnF dI Audfhrx dy ky lwKF eykVF nMU awg lgfAuxI aqy gurpurb nMU dUjI dIvflI df rUp dyxf ikvyN jfiejL ho skdf hY?

          pMjfb dy iksfnF dy kiQq hmdrdF aqy afgUaF ny vI idn rfq iksfnF nMU prflI nMU awg lgfAux vfsqy Auksfieaf hY. ies Auksfht nMU srkfr qoN hor muafvjLf lYx vfsqy blYkmyl krn df hiQafr vjoN vriqaf igaf hY. muwK mMqrI kYptn amirMdr isMG vrgf afgU vI akflIaF aqy kiQq iksfn afgUaF dI sLrfrq qoN zrdf kyNdr qoN muafvjLf mMgx qur ipaf aqy iksfnF nMU awg lgfAux qoN rokx vfsqy jfgrqI pYdf krn vfly pfsy muMh nhIN kIqf. kI hux awgF lgfAux aqy ptfky clfAux vfly ‘smOg’ qoN bcy hoey hn? kI vfqfvrx nMU sfPL rwKxf isrPL srkfr dI hI ijLMmyvfrI hY? kI Psl dI rihMd KUMhd sMBflxf srkfrF df kMm hY. iehI ieMzstrI vfly smJdy rhy sn ijs kfrn pfxI dy sroq aqy sqluj/gMgf vrgy diraf pRdUsLq ho gey hn. hux ieMzstrI `qy sMkMjf kwisaf jf irhf hY aqy iksfnI smyq pRdUsLx PYlfAux vfly hor lokF `qy kwsx dI loV hY. muPLq ibjlI, muPLq pfxI, Kfd, bIj aqy dvfeIaF `qy sbiszI dyx nfl iksfnI nhIN bcxI. iksfnI qF isrPL aYPIsLYNsI (kusLlqf) nfl bc skdI hY.

          hux jd lok ‘smOg’ nfl kurlf rhy hn qF pMjfb dy iksfnF nMU prflI nMU awg lgfAUx leI AuksfAux vfly pqf nhIN ikwQy gfieb ho gey hn? iehnF nMU lwB lwB ky cfrj kIqf jfxf cfhIdf hY. kql leI AuksfAux vflf kfql qoN Gwt ksUrvfr nhIN huMdf.

 


amrIkf smyq hor dysLF ivwc vI zyrydfr bxdy rhy hn amn-kfnMUn vfsqy cxOqI

-pRsLFq lfielpurI 

zyrf isrsf df sfD kiQq gurmIq rfm rhIm isMG jyl dIaF slfKF ipwCoN 20 sfl vfsqy zwk idwqf igaf hY aqy Aus iKlfPL ajy keI kys bfkI hn ijhnF ivwc Gwto Gwto do kql dy kys hn. ieMJ jfpdf hY ik gurmIq isMG hux afpxI rihMdI ijLMdgI slfKF ipwCo hI gujLfrygf.

          25 agsq nMU Aus dy lwKF cyilaF ny iek vfr qF pMjfb aqy hirafxf dIaF srkfrF nMU ihlf ky rwK idwqf sI. kroVF dI jfiedfd kuJ GMitaF ivwc PUk idwqI geI sI aqy do rfjF ivwc jMnjIvn pUrI qrF Twp ho ky rih igaf sI ijs nfl srkfr, kMpnIaF aqy afm lokF nMU arbF rupey df nuksfn hoieaf hY. ies idn hoeI ihMsf ivwc 38 dy krIb mOqF hoeIaF dwsIaF jFdIaF hn. kiQq pRymIaF ny mIzIaf pRqI vI eynf pRym ivKfieaf ik mIzIaf dy keI vhIkl qbfh kr idwqy gey aqy rportrF dI vI kuwtmfr kIqI geI. hfeIkort ny zyry dI jfiedfd dy vyrvy mMg ley hn aqy pRymIaF vloN kIqy gey nuksfn dI BrpfeI krn vsqy zyrf isrsf dI jfiedfd jLpq krn dy hukm vI idwqy hn.

          kuJ lok smJdy hn ik ajyhIaF GtnfvF isrPL Bfrq ivwc hI vfpr skdIaF hn ijwQy zyrydfr aqy isafsqdfn rlLy hoey hn. pr swc ieh hY ik amrIkf smyq hor dysLF ivwc vI keI zyrydfr amn-kfnMUn vfsqy cxOqI bxdy rhy hn aqy AuhnF nMU kfbU krn vfsqy srkfrF nMU qfkq dI vrqoN vI krnI pYNdI rhI hY. keI ajyhy sfD sYNkVy lokF dI mOq df kfrn vI bxy hn.

          kuJ coxvyN kysF df vyrvf ies pRkfr hY. 11 dsMbr 1931 nMU sDfrn pirvfr ivwc jnimaF cMdr mohn jYn 1960 ivwc cmkxf sLurU ho igaf sI aqy 1970 qwk sinafsI gurU bx igaf sI. 1974 ivwc pUny huMdf hoieaf jd Auh 1981 ivwc amrIkf puwjf qF acfrIaf rjnIsL dy nfm nfl jfixaf jFx lwgf. Aus ny amrIkf dI ErIgfn styt ivwc afpxf zyrf rjnIsLpurm dy nfm `qy vsf ilaf sI. Aus dy amrIkn cyilaF ivwc bhuq pVyH ilKy aqy pRoPYsLnl sLfml sn. acfiraf rjnIsL sLfhI jIvn bsr krn lwg ipaf sI aqy Aus dy zyry kol 82 roljLroies kfrF sn. zyry ivwc nsLy aqy smUhk sYks dy dor cwlx lwg pey sn. zyry dI srkfr aqy lokl lokF nfl KVkx lwg peI sI aqy zyry `qy keI dosL lwgxy sLurU ho gey sn ijhnF ivwc amrIkI atrnI crljL aYc trnr nMU kql krn dI sfijsL sLfml sI. ihMsf df Kqrf pYdf ho igaf sI aqy amrIkI srkfr ny rjnIsL nMU Gyrfn dI iqafrI kr leI sI. 28 akqUbr 1985 dy idn rjnIsL ny afpxy coxvyN cyilaF smyq nfrQ kYrolfienf qoN ikrfey `qy ley iek pRfeIvyt jhfjL rfhIN bfrmUdf Bwjx dI koisLsL kIqI pr eyarport `qy PV ilaf igaf. Aus koloN 58 hjLfr zflr kYsL, sonf aqy kImqI GVIaF PVIaF geIaF ijhnF dI kul kImq iek imlIan zflr sI. rfjnIsL nMU PYzrl iemIgrysLn aqy tYks kfnMUnF dI AulMGxf dy dosLF ivwc ihrfsq ivwc lY ky cfrj kr ilaf igaf. rjnIsL dy vkIlF ny srkfrI iDr nfl gwlbfq kr ky 10 sfl df sspYNizz sntYNs, 4 lwK zflr jLurmfnf, amrIkf Cwzxf aqy Gwto Gwt pMj sfl vfps prqx dI koisLsL nf krnf pRvfn kr ilaf. 21 dysLF ny Aus nMU sLrn dyx qoN ienkfr kr idwqf.

17 nvMbr 1985 nMU Auh idwlI jf Auqiraf.  Aus ny iPr kYnyzf, sivtjLrlYz, brqfnIaF, nypfl, afoerlYnz smyq keI dysLF ivwc sYtl hox dI koisLsL kIqI pr asPLl irhf. Qwk ky Aus ny pUny ivwc zyrf lgf ilaf aqy EsLo rjnIsL dy nfm nfl jfixaF jfx lwgf. Auh Qwk cuwkf sI aqy ishq juvfb idMdI jf rhI sI. Aus ny dosL lgfieaf ik amrIkf ny Aus nMU kYd dOrfn koeI jLihr idwqI sI ijs kfrn Aus dI ishq Krfb ho rhI hY. 19 jnvrI 1990 dy idn 58 sfl dI Aumr ivwc Auh idl Pyhl ho jfx kfrn svrgvfs ho igaf.

          1950 ivwc amrIkf ivwc kfiem kIqy gey pIpljL gOspl crc df 60ivaF ivwc cMgf uvkfs hoieaf aqy keI sUibaF ivwc ies dIaF brFcF bx geIaF. ies crc df qyj qrfr zyrydfr ijm jonjL afpxy afp nMU grIbF df msIhf smJdf sI aqy amrIkf dIaF kiQq pMUjIvfdI nIqIaF df ivroD krdf sI. Aus nMU zr pYdf ho igaf sI ik amrIkf srkfr Aus dy crc df KrfieqI (cYirtI) nMbr rwd kr dyvygI. Aus ny 1974 ivwc igafnf ivwc 4000 eykV KrId ky ‘jonjLtfAUn’ dy nfm `qy afpxf zyry bnfAuxf sLurU kr idwqf. 1977 ivwc ijm jonjL afpxy 900 qoN vwD amrIkI pYrokfrF smyq igafnf ivwc bxfey ‘jonjLtfAUn’ zyry ivwc jf vwisaf. iehnF 900 qoN vwD amrIkIaF ivwc aOrqF aqy bwcy vI sLfml sn. amrIkI pRys ivwc ieh dosL lwgxy sLurU ho gey ik ijm jonjL keI amrIkIaF nMU ‘jonjLtfAUn’ ivwc Dwky nfl bMdI bxf ky rwK irhf hY. nvMbr 1978 ivwc amrIkI kFgrsmYn ilE rfien iewk zYlIgysLn nfl igafnf ivwc ‘jonjLtfAUn’ zyry ivwc swc jfnx vfsqy igaf aqy kuJ idn EQy Tihiraf. ijm jonjL nMU vI imilaf. jd kFgrsmYn rfien amrIkf pqrx vfsqy nyVy dy tfAUn `qoN Coty jhfjL rfhIN igafnf dI rfjDfnI vfsqy rvfnf hox lwgf qF ijm jonjL dy ‘rYz brgyz’ ny Aus dy jhfjL nMU Gyr ky smuwcy zYlIgysLn nMU golIaF mfr ky mfr idwqf.

          18 nvMbr 1978 dy idn ‘jonjLtfAUn’ ivwc ijm jonjL ny spIkr `qy swdf dy ky afpxy sYNkVy cyilaF nMU zyry dy ivckfr bxy sqsMg Bvn ivwc iekwTy kr ky ajyhf Bfvuk BfsLx idwqf aqy AuhnF nMU smUhk afqm hwiqaf krn vfsqy iqafr kr ilaf. pihlF qoN qYa skIm hyT vwK vwK jUsF dy imsLrx ivwc keI iksm dy jLihrIly pdfrQ pfey hoey sn. ies imsLrx nMU ‘kUl-eyz’ df nfm idwqf igaf. mfvF nMU afpxy hwQIN pihlF ieh jLihrIlf zirMk afpxy bwicaF nMU dyx vffsqy pRyiraf igaf. mFvF ny ieMj hI kIqf  aqy plF ivwc hI zyry aMdr lfsLF dy Zyr lwg lwg gey.

          igafnf dI srkfr nMU pqf lwgx `qy rfhq kfrj afrMB kIqf igaf qF 909 lfsLF imlIaF ijhnF ivwc 276 lfsLF bwicaF dIaF sn. zyrydfr ijm jonjL dI lfsL vI imlI pr Aus dI mOq golI lwgx kfrn hoeI sI. qPqIsL ies iswty `qy juwjI ky ijm jonjL ny sfry cyilaF nMU jLihr ipafAux ipwCoN Kud nMU golI mfr ky KLqm kIqf. ies qoN ielfvf kFgrsmYn rfien smyq 9 bMdy golIaF nfl mfry gey sn. ieMJ kul 919 amrIkI sLihrI ies Gtnf ivwc mfry gey. kihMdy hn ik zyry qoN bfhr gey do cyly aqy zyry aMdr do ibrD ies kfrn bc gey sn ik AuWcI suxdf hox kfrn Auh spIkr `qy kIqI geI iekwTy hox dI apIl sux nhIN sn sky aqy afpxy kmry ivwc suwqy hI rih gey sn.

          eysy qrF amrIkf dy tYsfs sUby dy vyko nfm dy tfAUn ivwc zyuvz kOirsL nfl dy zyrydfr ny brFc zfvyzIanjL nfm dI sMprdf kfiem kIqI hoeI sI. Aus dy zyry nMU mFAUNt kfriml sYNtr afKdy sn jo tYksfs dy ielk nfm dI kimAUntI dy njLdIk vyko qoN 14 iklomItr dUr siQq sI. amrIkI aqy subfeI srkfr nMU ies zyry aMdr keI gYr kfnMUnI kMm hox dI sUcnf sI ijs ivwc tYks eIvyjLn, zrwg smgilMg, gYr kfnMUnI hiQafr aqy kfmuk sosLx sLfml sI. nOjvfn zyrydfr zyivz kOirsL dIaF 19 jLnfnIaF sn aqy Auh 12-12 sflF dIaF lVkIaF nfl vI hmibsqrI krdf sI.

          zyry dI qlfsLI lYx vfsqy subfeI aqy PYzrl aYPbIafeI ny 28 PrvrI 1993 nMU zyry nMU Gyrf pf ilaf jo 19 aprYl 1993 qwk 51 idn jfrI irhf pr zyrydfr ny puils nMU aMdr nf vVHn idwqf. aMq ivwc surwiKaf POrs ny zyry `qy Dfvf bolx df PYslf kIqf ijs ivwc pihlI swty hI surwiKaf Pors dy cfr aqy zyry dy 6 ivakqI golIbfrrI ivwc mfry gey.

          ies Gtnf ipwCoN kMpfAUNz `qy vwzf hmlf krn df PYslf kIqf igaf ijs dI afigaf amrIkf dy atfrnI jnrl jYint rIno ny idwqI. aYPbIafeI aqy eytIaYPL Pors ny ies vfsqy bKqrbMd kMbyt gzIaF mMgvfeIaF ijhnF nfl zyry dIaF kMDF qoVIaF geIaF aqy sIaYs gYs (iek iksm dI tIar gYs) zyry aMdr suwt ky hmlf sULrU kIqf igaf. aMdroN juvfbI PfierMg kIqI geI. kuJ smyN bfad zyrf awg dI lpyt ivwc af igaf aqy kuJ GMitaF ivwc sV ky svfh ho igaf ikAuNik iemfrq dy vwzf ihwsf lwkV df bixaF hoieaf sI. kuJ lok afKdy hn ik awg surwiKaf PorsF dI PfierMg kfrn lwgI jd ik kuJ hor lokF df kihxf hY ik zyry vfilaF ny Kuwd hI awg lgfeI sI.

          ies awg ivwc 76 lok sV ky mr gey ijhnF ivwc zyivz kOirsL smyq Aus dy 75 pYrokfr sLfml sn. sV ky mrn vfilaF ivwc 23 bwcy vI sn jo afpxy mfipaF nfl zyry aMdr Psy hoey sn. kihMdy hn ik zyivz kOirsL ny afpxy afp nMU golI mfr leI sI. ies Gtnf ivwc zyry dy 9 cyly bc gey sn ijhnF `qy kys clfey gey sn aqy AuhnF nMU 40-40 sfl qwk  dI kYd dI sjLf hoeI sI.

          kihMdy hn ik ies qoN do sfl bfad Eklohomo sLihr `qy kIqy gey bMb hmly leI vyko Gtnf muwK kfrn bxI sI ijs ivwc itmQI mkvIn nfm dy ivakqI ny iek PYzrl iemfrq nMU Auzf idwqf sI ijs kfrn 168 ivakqI mfry gey sn aqy 680 jLKLmI ho gey sn.

- KLbrnfmf #938, sqMbr 01-2017

 


kI PjLUl aqy isr drdI smJI jFdI bUtI kYNsr df qoV bx skdI hY?

muZlI mYzIkl Koj `c jMglI bUtI ‘zYNzIlfien’ jgf rhI hY vwzI afs!!

          kYNsr dI nfmurfd bImfrI sMsfr Br ivwc PYl rhI hY aqy ajy qwk ies df koeI qoV nhIN lwiBaf jf sikaf. ies bImfrI df jo ielfj AulBd hY Auh iek qF bhuq mihMgf hY aqy dUjf ies bImfrI dI jVH puwtx qoN keI vfr asmrQ rihMdf hY. kuJ hflqF ivwc  smyN isr pqf lwgx nfl ies nMU kfbU kr ilaf jFdf hY ijs nfl mrIjL nMU kuJ sfl hor iml jFdy hn. sMsfr nMU ajyhI dvf dI qlfsL hY jo ies bImfrI nMU jVoNH puwt sky. ies vfsqy keI dysLF ivwc coKI Koj ho rhI hY aqy kuJ KyqrF ivwc sPLlqf vI iml rhI jfpdI hY.

          ikAUbf ivwc lMg kYNsr vfsqy iek vYksIn KojI geI hY jo bhuq kfrgr dwsI jf rhI pr ajy muZlI rUp ivwc hI vrqoN ivc afeI hY. amrIkf aqy ikAUbf dy sbMD suDrn nfl amrIkf ny ikAUbf qoN sImfvYks nfm dI ieh vYksIn ieMport krnI sLurU kIqI hY. ieh ikMnI ku kfrgr sfbq huMdI hY ieh qF smF hI dwsygf pr amrIkn mYzIkl Kyqr ies qoN bhuq afsF rwKdf hY ikAuNik amrIkf ivwc hr rojL aOsqn 452 mrIjL lMg kYNsr (PyPiVaF dy kYNsr) nfl mrdy hn. hor iksm dy kYNsrF nfl hox vflIaF mOqF dI igxqI vwKrI hY.

          Bfrq srkfr ny ies hPLqy lok sBf 'c dwisaf hY ik dyÈ 'c hr sfl krIb 5 lwK lokfˆ dIafˆ mOqfˆ kYˆsr nfl huMdIafˆ hn. ishq mMqrI jy[ pI[ nwZf ny ieh jfxkfrI idMidafˆ dwisaf ik purÈfˆ dI iËafdfqr gly aqy pyt dy kYˆsr nfl aqy aOrqfˆ dI CfqI aqy bwcydfnI dy kYˆsr nfl mOq huMdI hY. AunHfˆ ikhf ik srkfr vwloˆ dyÈ 'c 20 kYˆsr ieMstIicAUt aqy 50 kYˆsr kyˆdr sQfipq kIqy jfx dI Xojnf hY. mfhr smJdy hn ik Bfrq ivwc asl kYNsr mOqF dI igxqI 5 lwK qoN ikqy vwD hovygI.

          aMkVy dwsdy hn  ik sfl 2015 ivwc kYnyzf ivwc kYNsr nfl 78,000 lokF dIaF mOqF hoeIaF sn aqy 196,900 kYNsr dy nvyN kys sfhmxy afey sn. ieh igxqI hr sfl vDI jf rhI hY.

          mYksIko ivwc vI kuJ KojI ies bImfrI dI vYksIn tYst kr rhy hn. snorf, mYksIko dy ieMtrnYsLnl kYNsr sYNtr dy KojI zfktr jOafn pfblo df kihxf hY ik ieh vYksIn bMdy dy ieimAUn isstm (srIr df bcfa krn vflf ZFcf) nMU cusq krygI qF ik ieh kYNsr sYlF nMU pihcfx sky aqy Kqm kr sky.  ieh asl ivwc kuJ vYksInF df imsLrx hY aqy ies nMU keI mrIjLF `qy ajmfieaf igaf hY. zfktr muqfibk iehnF sfry mrIjLF `qy ies df cMg asr hoieaf hY aqy trfiel aDIn iksy vI kYNsr mrIjL dI ajy mOq nhIN hoeI ijs df arQ hY ik AuhnF dI sMBfvI mOq awgy pfeI jf skI hY.

          brqfnIaF ivwc vI KojIaF ny iek vYksIn tYst styj ivwc rwKI hoeI hY ijs df pRXog kYnyzf ivwc vI kIqf jfxf hY. ies qoN KojIaF nMU cMgy iswitaF dI afs hY. kYlI pOtr nfm dI 35 sflf kYNsr mrIjL ijs `qy ieh vYksIn vrqI geI hY, df kihxf hY ik Aus dI ijMdgI bdl geI hY. amrIkf ivwc vI ies nMU tYst zrwg vjoN vriqaf igaf hY aqy cMgy iswty inkly hn.

          ajy qwk kYNsr df pqf lwg jfx `qy mrIjL df kYNsr pIVHq aMg kwt idwqf jFdf hY qF ik kYNsr nMU PYlx qoN roikaf jf sky. aqy mrIjL nMU kImo QrYpI jF ryzIeysLn QrYpI idwqI jFdI hY ijs vfsqy vrqI jFdI iewk zrwg  df nfm tYksol hY aqy ies dI mfrkIt $5 iblIan sflfnf hY. kImo nfl mrIjL dy vfl JV jFdy hn aqy srIr burI qrF npIiVaf jFdf hY. kmjLor mrIjL ies dI mfr Jwl hI nhIN skdf. ies nfl vI kYNsr dy Kfqmy dI koeI grMtI nhIN hY. kImo QrYpI nfl mrIjL df ieimAUn isstm qbfh ho jFdf hY.

          kYNsr sYl mrdy hI nhIN hn ijs kfrn ies bImfrI nMU KLqm krnf musLkl jfpdf hY. nfrml sYl mrdy rihMdy hn aqy nvyN bxdy rihMdy hn pr kYNsr sYl mrIjL nMU lY ky hI mrdy hn. kImo ijwQy kYNsr sYl mfrdI hY AuWQy cMgy sYl vI mfr idMdI hY ijs kfrn mrIjL Pih jFdf hY. pr ajy qwk ieh hI pRmuwK trItmYNt hY aqy bfkI sB KojF trfiel pwDr `qy hI hn.

          kYNsr qoN bcx vfsqy keI nusKy dwsy jFdy hn ijhnF ivwc  vfDU Bfr (motfpy) qoN bcxf, pRfsYsz PUz qoN dUr rihxf, ksrq krnf, grIn aqy qfjLf Kurfk Kfxf sLfml hY. bhuq sfry mfhr srIr nMU jLihrIly mfdy qoN rihs krn dy qrIky dwsdy hn ijhnF nMU zItOks df nfm idwqf jFdf hY.

          Kfx leI igrIaF (nts) dI vrqoN krnf, vwK vwK iksm dIaF byrIaF (strfbyrI, bLlUa byrI afid) dI vrqoN vwD krnf, mIt nMU Cwz ky sbjLIaF aqy qfjLy PlF nMU qrjIh dyx dwisaf jFdf hY. alsI df kwcI GfxI df qyl aqy kxk dy Coty Coty bUitaF df qfjLf jUs vI lfhymMd dwisaf jFdf hY. kuJ mfhr jOaF dy bUitaF df jUs vI vrqx dI isPfrsL krdy hn.

          aXUrvYd aqy cInI cikqsf ivwc kfsLnI bUtI df iesqymfl vI keI bImfrIaF vfsqy sdIaF qoN kIqf jFdf irhf hY. kfsLnI iek ajyhI bUtI hY ijs nMU ndIn smiJaf jFdf hY. Bfrq ivwc kfsLnI dy Puwl aqy pwqy ijgr, ikznI, pfcx pRnflI aqy bvfsIr vfsqy vrqy jFdy hn. Bfrq ivwc kfsLnI dIaF iqMn iksmF imldIaF hn ijhnF ivwc pIly Puwl, nIly Puwl aqy icwty PUwlF vflI kfsLnI huMdI hY. nIly PuwlF vflI kfsLnI swB qoN kfrgr smJI jFdI hY.

          kfsLnI dI hI iek iksm hY zYNzIlfien jo kYnzf ivwc grmIaF ivwc KUb huMdI hY aqy gfrzn svfrn vfilaF leI isr drdI bx jFdI hY. ies nMU mfrn vfsqy keI iksmF dIaF ndIn mfrU dvfeIaF vrqIaF jFdIaF hn pr ieh iPr vI mfrnI musLkl ho jFdI hY. kI PjLUl smJI jFdI bUtI kYNsr df qoV bx skdI hY? pqf lwgf hY ik ivMzjLr XUnIrstI ivwc ies bUtI `qy Koj ho rhI hY aqy muZlI Koj `c jMglI bUtI ‘zYNzIlfien’ vwzI afs jgf rhI hY.

          ivMzjLr XUnIvrstI `c Koj tIm dI agvfeI zfktr sIafrfm pFzy kr rhy hn. ies Koj ivwc zYNzIlfien bUtI dI jVH dI vrqoN kIqI jf rhI hY. BfvyN ajy ieh bUtI trfiel pwDr `qy hI vrqI jf rhI hY pr ijhnF mrIjLF ny ieh vrqI hY, Auh ies dy asr qoN KusL hn. ies dI jVH nMU sUrj dI rOsLnI jF kMtrol ZMg nfl sukf ilaf jFdf hY aqy iPr ies df pOzr bxf ilaf jFdf hY. ies pOzr qoN cfh bxf ky mrIjL nMU ipafeI jFdI hY.  ies tIm nMU ies Koj df iek avfrz vI idwqf igaf hY.

          hux kuJ kMpnIaF ny zYNzIlfien cfh vI vycxI sLurU kr idwqI hY jo ik mfrkit ivwc AuplBd ho geI hY. KojI ajy ies bfry dfavy nfl kuJ nhIN afKdy pr ieh mMndy hn ik ies nfl keI mrIjLF nMU lfB hoieaf hY. ajy ieh pwkf nhIN hY ik zYNzIlfien dI cfh iks mfqrf ivwc pIqI jfxI cfhIdI hY ijs vfsqy hor Koj dI loV hY. muZlI Koj dwsdI hY ik zYNzIlfien df kImo QrYpI vrgf koeI sfeIz-aPYkt nhIN hY. ieh srIr dy ieimAUn isstm df nuksfn nhIN krdI aqy iswDf kYNsr sYlF `qy hmlf krdI hY. lYb ivwc ies nfl kYNsr sYl 48 GMty ivwc Kqm hoey vyKy gey hn. ieh ishqmMd sYlF df koeI nuksfn nhIN krdI. KojIaF nMU ies qoN vwzI afs hY. Bffrq vrgy dysL ivwc ieh Koj hor vI ssqI ho skdI hY. nf jfxIey ieh PjLUl aqy ndIn smJI jFdI bUtI kYNsr df qoV sfbq ho jfvy!    

-blrfj idEl

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BuwlI ivwsrI mkoa

          kudrq vwloˆ BwKVf, bfQU, mkoa, icwbV, kfÈnI, ietist afid vrgIafˆ anmol jVHIafˆ-bUtIafˆ dI sOgfq sfnUM bKÈI hY, ienHfˆ nUM puwt ky suwt dyx nfloˆ ienHfˆ dy guxfˆ nUM jfx ky mnuwK nUM vwD qoˆ vwD Pfiedf AuTfAuxf cfhIdf, qfˆ ik asIˆ inrog rih skIey, ikAuˆik kudrq vwloˆ pYdf kIqI hr ÈYa ipwCy koeI nf koeI gux ËrUr hY. pr sfzy aMdr vwsI, TIk hox dI kfhl qy isafxy hkImfˆ dI Gft ny ijwQy ieh kudrq dIafˆ sugfqfˆ df Pfiedf muwkf idqf hY, AuwQy iehnfˆ dI aihmIaq Gtf ky Kqm hox dy brfbr kr idwqf hY. purfxy smyˆ ivc sfg bxfAuˆdy smyˆ isafxIafˆ suafxIafˆ bfQU jfˆ mkoa df iesqymfl krdIafˆ sn. srIr ivc afAuˆdIafˆ qbdIlIafˆ nUM kfbU rwKx ivc ieh sfzy Kyqfˆ ivc AuwgdIafˆ bUtIafˆ, byhwd shfeI huMdIafˆ sn. awj shUlqfˆ ivc rihMdf mnuwK aflsI dy nfl nfl vyhlf rihxf vI igwJ igaf hY, iesy krky bImfrIafˆ vI vwD Gyr rhIafˆ hn, iek afm mnuwK nUM. iesy leI mihMgy qoˆ mihMgy hspqfl Kuwl rhy hn. pr ies sB kfsy dy asIˆ afp hI iËmyvfr hfˆ, ikAuˆik asI kudrq dIafˆ dfqfˆ nUM inwq nkfrdy jf rhy hfˆ.                                       

  -jnmyjf isMG jOhl

C:\Documents and Settings\Deol\Desktop\Makoe.jpg

 


mfmlf golz rIjLrv df:

kYnyzf dy golz rIjLrv `c isrPL 77 aONs sonf

amrIkf kol swB qoN vwD aqy Bfrq df 10vF nMbr -pRsLFq lfielpurI

sony dIaF kImqF dI crcf aksr huMdI rihMdI hY. vpfrk Kyqr ivwc sonf, qyl, amrIkI zflr aqy ivafjL drF mfrkIt afriQkqf dy sUckF vjoN vrqy jFdy hn.  ipCly idnIN golz rIjLrv df kYnyzf ivwc bhuq crcf hoieaf hY ikAuNik kYnyzf ny golz rIjLrv rwKxf bMd kr idwqf hY aqy kYnyzf dI srkfr kol isrPL 77 aONs sonf rIjLrv vjoN bicaf hY. ies vkq sMsfr ivwc srkfrI Kyqr ivwc swB qoN vwD goolz rIjLrv amrIkf kol hY L aqy Bfrq df 10vF nMbr hY.

          sfry ivksq dysL afpxy golz rIjLrv ivwc Gwto Gwt 100 tMn sonf rwKdy hn pr kYnyzf iek ajyhf dysL hY ijs ny golz rIjLrv nMU qlFjlI dy idwqI hY. kYnyzf lgqfr golz rIjLrv nMU vyc ky ivdysLI krMsI ivwc invysL krdf af irhf hY ikAuNik knyzIan nIqI-GfVy smJdy hn ik golz rIjLrv nfloN ivdysLI krMsI ivwc invysL lfhyvMd sOdf hY.

          PrvrI 2016 (ipCly mhIny) kYnyzf ny 22,000 aONs sony dy iswky vyc idwqy sn ijhnF dI kImq 35 imlIan zflr sI. mfrc dy pihly mhIny kYnyzf dy golz rIjLrv ivwc isrPL 77 aONs sonf hI bicaf sI ijs dI kImq msF iek lwK 30 hjLfr zflr bxdI hY.  77 aONs sonf msF svf ku do iklo bxdf hY. Bfrq ivwc eynf sonf qF keI mwD vrg dy pirvfrF kol hovygf. iekwlI bIbI hrismrq bfdl kol qF ies qoN vI ikqy vwD sonf hovygf.

          Bfrq dy keI ihMdU mMdrF kol keI keI sYNkVy iklo sonf hY. hirmMidr sfihb  `qy pqf nhIN ikMny iklo sonf lwigaf hoieaf hY? hor qF hor brYNptn dy ihMdU sBf mMidr kol vI kYnyzf dy golz rIjLrv (77 aONs) nfloN ikqy vwD sonf dwisaf jFdf hY.

          kYnyzf dy PfienFs ivBfg dy sfbkf aPsr zOn zrmMz df kihxf hY ik golz rIjLrv df koeI lfB nhIN hY aqy ies `qy koeI rItrn nhIN imldI sgoN ies dI sMBfl `qy pYsf Krcxf pYNdf hY. ies dy Elt krMsI ivwc kIqf invysL vwD rItrn idMdf hY. purfqn smyN ivwc sonf amIrI dI insLfnI sI pr hux ies df koeI lfB nhIN hY.

          kYnyzf dy ies qrk nfl gvFzI dysL amrIkf sihmq nhIN hY aqy nf hI hor ivksq imwqr dysL sihmq hn. jI-7 dysLF ivwc kYnyzf hI iek aYsf dysL hY ijs kol hux golz rIjLrv nFh dy brfbr hY.

          sMsfr ivwc amrIkf dI srkfr kol sB qoN vwD golz rIjLrv hn. PrvrI 2016 ivwc amrIkf kol rIjLrv ivwc 8,133 tMn sonf ipaf sI joik amrIkf dy kul ivdysLI krMsI dy rIjLrv df 72% bxdf hY. kdy amrIkf kol 20,000 tMn sonf rIjLrv ivwc ipaf huMdf sI. amrIkf afpxy sLihrIaF nMU ies gwl dI grMtI idMdf sI ik jd sLihrI cfhuMx qF srkfr hr amrIkI zflr vwty sonf dy skdI hY.

          PrvrI 2016 ivwc jrmnI kol sMsfr ivwc amrIkf ipwCoN swB qoN vwD golz rIjLrv sn joik 3,381 tMn sI. ieh jrmnI dy kul ivdysLI krMsI rIjLrv df 66% bxdf hY.

          ietlI df sMsfr ivwc qIjf nMbr hY ijs kol 2451[8 tMn sonf rIjLrv ivwc rwiKaf hoieaf hY joik ies dI ivdysLI krMsI dy rIjLrv df 65% bxdf hY. ietlI kol PrFs nfloN kuJ vwD sonf hY.

          PrFs df sMsfr ivwc cOQf drjf hY ijs kol 2435[4 tMn sonf rIjLrv ivwc ipaf hY jo ik ies dI ivdysLI krMsI rIjLrv df 65% bxdf hY. PrFs ny ipCly smyN dOrfn 500 tMn sonf vyicaf hY pr ieh hux hor sonf vycx dy rONa ivwc nhIN hY.

          PrFs qoN ipwCoN golz rIjLrv ivwc cIn df sMsfr ivwc pMjvF nMbr hY ijs dI srkfr kol 1054[1 tMn sonf stfk ivwc hY jo ik cIn dI ivdysLI krMsI dy stfk df 1[7% bxdf hY. cIn kol ivdysLI krMsI dy vwzy rIjLrv hn aqy anupqfk pwDr `qy sonf ies df Cotf ijhf ihwsf hY.

          sitjLrlYNz golz rIjLrv dy mfmly ivwc sMsfr ivwc CyvyN drjy `qy hY aqy ies kol 1040[1 tMn sonf rIjLrv ivwc ipaf hY jo ik ies dysL dI ivdysLI krMsI dy rIjLrv df 8% bxdf hY.

          rUs golz rIjLrv dy mfmly ivwc sMsfr ivwc 7vyN nMbr `qy hY aqy ies kol 970 tMn sonf rIjLrv ivwc ipaf hY joik ies dI ivdysLI krMsI dy rIjLrv df 9[8% bxdf hY. bhuq sfry mfhr smJdy hn ik golz rIjLrv ivdysLI krMsI dy rIjLrv df 10% hoxf cfhIdf hY aqy rUs vI ies soc df DfrnI hY.

          nIdrlYNz df golz rIjLrv sMsfr ivwc 9vyN drjy `qy hY ijs kol 612[5 tMn sonf hY. ies dysL kol ivdysLI krMsI dy rIjLrv df 52% hY. nIdrlYNz kol ies qoN vI vwD sonf rIjLrv ivwc sI pr ipCly sflF dOrfn vyicaf igaf hY qFik ivdysLI krMsI dy rIjLrv ivwc sony df anupfq Gtfieaf jf sky.

          golz rIjLrv dy mfmly ivwc sMsfr ivwc Bfrq df 10vF sQfn hY ijs kol 557[7 tMn sonf ipaf hY. ieh Bfrq dI ivdysLI krMsI dy rIjLrv df 9[9% bxdf hY. Bfrq ivdysLI krMsI rIjLrv df 10% sony dy rUp ivwc rwKxf cfhuMdf hY aqy ies anupfq dy bhuq njLdIk hY.

          cyqy rwKx vflI gwl ieh hY ik 1985 qoN ipwCoN Bfrq dI afriQk hflq ivgVdI geI aqy jnvrI 1991 ivwc jd cMdr sLyKr pRDfn mMqrI sI qF dysL kol ivdysLI krMsI df rIjLrv isrPL $1[2 iblIan bcdf sI jo ik iqMn hPLqy dy ivdysLI vpfr jogf sI. dysL afpxy ivdysLI krjLy dIaF iksLqF dyx qoN zIPflt hox dy iknfry af igaf sI. srkfr ny aMqrrfsLtrI mudrf PMz qoN sony dI grMtI dy ky $2[2 iblIan aYmrjMsI krjLf ilaf sI. BfrqI rIjLrv bYNk ny afpxy golz rIjLrv ivcoN 67 tMn sonf gihxy rwiKaf sI ijs nMU spYsLl cfrtr Auzfxf rfhIN meI 21 aqy meI 31 -1991 dy drimafn ivdysL Byijaf igaf sI. ies ivcoN 47 tMn sonf bYNk afPL ieMglYNz aqy 20 tMn sonf XUnIan bYNk afP sivtjLlYNz nMU Byijaf igaf sI. ies ipwCoN hor sonf vI vyicaf igaf sI.

          ies nfl dysL JMjoiVaf igaf sI aqy Bfrq vfsI ies nMU apmfn smJdy sn ik AuhnF dy dysL nMU sonf gihxy rwK ky zMg tpfAuxf pY irhf hY. lok ieMJ smJdy sn ijvyN koeI ibpqf ivwc Pisaf pirvfr afpxy Gr dI bhu df sonf gihxy rwKx `qy mjLbUr hoieaf hovy.

          ies mflI ibpqf dy kuJ mhIny bfad hI cMdr sLyKLr dI srkfr izwg peI sI aqy mwDkflI coxF ipwCoN jUn ivwc kFgrs dy afgU nrismf rfE pRDfn mMqrI bxy sn. nrismf rfE jfxdy sn ik dysL gMBIr afriQk sMkt ivwc hY ijs vfsqy ivafpk afriQk qbdIlIaF dI loV hY. AuhnF ny ies kMm vfsqy pRisD arQsLfsLqrI zf: mnmohn isMG nMU cuixaF aqy aOKy vkq Bfrq df ivwq mMqrI bxfieaf.

          ivwq mMqrI vjoN zf: mnmohn isMG ny dysL dI afriQkqf nMU ‘Kohlxf’ sLurU kIqf ijs nfl ivdysLI ienvYstmYNt vDxI sLurU ho geI. dysL dy idn iPrn lwg pey aqy Bfrq afriQk qrwkI dy rsqy pY igaf. iswtf ieh inkilaf ik meI 2015 qwk Bfrq kol ivdysLI krMsI df rIjLrv  $353[87 iblIan zflr qwk awpV igaf joik jnvrI 1991 ivwc isrPL $1[2 iblIan sI. ieh zf: mnmohn isMG dIaF afriQk nIqIaF dI krfmfq sI ijs df pRDfn mMqrI nrismf rfE pwkf smrQk sI.

          ies nIqI nMU pRDfn mMqrI atwl ibhfrI vfjpfeI ny jfrI rwiKaf sI aqy iPr suK nfl zf: mnmohn isMG 10 sfl Bfrq dy pRDfn mMqrI rhy sn ijhnF zrfievr dI sIt `qy bYT ky BfrqI afriQkqf nMU bulMdI `qy phuMcfieaf. pRDfn mMqrI nirMdr modI vI ies afriQk nIqI nMU jfrI rwK rhy hn.

          iehnF nIqIaF sdky Bfrq ny afpxf gihxy rwiKaf sonf hI vfps nhIN ilaf sgoN hor sonf vI KrIidaf. sfl 2009 dy aMq ivwc Bfrq ny sMsfr nMU hYrfn kr idwqf jd rIjLrv bYNk afPL ieMzIaf ny aMqrrfsLtrI mudrf PMz qoN 200 tMn sonf KrId ilaf ijs dI kImq $6[7 iblIan amrIkI zflr bxdI sI. aMqrrfsLtrI mudrf PMz afpxy rIjLrv ivcoN 400 tMn sonf vyc irhf sI ijs ivcoN awDf iekly Brfq ny KrId ilaf sI. ieMJ zf: mnmohn isMG ny gihxy rwKy sonf qoN dugxy qoN vwD sonf vfps lY aFdf sI ijs nfl dysL df mnobl AuWcf hoieaf sI aqy sMsfr ivwc ies dI coKI crcf hoeI sI.

          sMsfr ivwc Bfrq sony df vwzf gfhk hY aqy hr sfl krIb 1000 tMn sonf ieMport, Bfv ivdysLF ivcoN KrIddf hY. pr ies df dysL dy golz rIjLrv nfl koeI sbMD nhIN hY. ieh dysL dy lokF dI KLpq jF sony dI ieMzstrI dI KLpq vfsqy hY. lok hr sfl sony dy gihxy KrIddy hn aqy Bfrq sony dy gihxy aYksport vI krdf hY ijs kfrn hr sfl sonf KrIidaf jFdf hY.

          sfl 2015 ivwc Bfrq ny 980 tMn sonf ieMport kIqf sI. agsq 2015 dy isrPL iek mhIny ivwc Bfrq ny 126 tMn sonf aqy 1400 tMn cFdI ieMport kIqI sI.

          Bfrq df gvFzI dysL pfiksqfn vI aOKy vyly sony dI qfkq nMU smJdf hY. mfrc 2014 ivwc pfiksqfn zfhZy afriQk sMkt ivwc sI. ivdysLI krjLy dIaF iksLqF aqy ivdsLI KrId dI adfiegI krnI musLkl ho geI sI. aMqrrfsLtrI mudrf PMz ny pfiksqfn nMU afpxf $2[7 iblIan df golz rIjLrv vycx dI slfh idwqI sI. pfiksqn df kul golz rIjLrv mfrc 2014 ivwc $2[7 iblIan zflr dI kImq brfbr hI sI. ieh krIb 34 tMn dy krIb bxdf sI. pfiksqfn ny ies nMU ‘nYsLnl sikAUrtI’ dy Elt dwsidaF vycx qoN ienkfr kr idwqf sI. ies musLkl smyN sfAUdI arb ny pfiksqfn nMU $1[5 iblIan dI aYmrjMsI mdd idwqI sI aqy pfiksqfn nMU afpxf golz rIjLrv nhIN sI vycxf ipaf.

          iewk rport muqfibk Bfrq dy lokF kol sMsfr ivwc swB qoN sonf hY jo ik 20,000 tMn qoN vwD bxdf hY. Bfrq dy lok sony nMU ‘gihxf’ smJdy hn jo sOKy vyly hfr isMLgfr dy kMm afAuNdf hY aqy aOKy vyly sLfhF df dr KVkfAux df hOslf bKsLdf hY. spys-eyj ivwc vI sony sI sfriQkqf brkrfr hY.

 


lok tYks vfDy, bjt Gfty, KuwlI iemIgrysLn aqy knyzIan POj nMU inhwQI krn dy hwk ivwc hn!

mfipaF nMU swd ky pbilk qoN syvf krvfAuxf vI afpxf hwk smJdy hn!!

          kYnyzf dIaF PYzrl coxF afKrI dOr ivwc hn aqy isafsI pfrtIaF keI iksm dy lok luBfAU vfady kr rhIaF hn. jfpdf hY ik kYnyzf dy lok tYks vfDy, bjt Gfty, KuwlI iemIgrysLn aqy knyzIan POj nMU inhwQI krn dy hwk ivwc hn. bhuq sfry lok afpxy mfipaF nMU kYnyzf swd ky pbilk qoN syvf krvfAuxf vI afpxf hwk smJdy hn.

          kYnyzf ivwc iemIgrysLn eynI vD cuwkI hY ik ies nfl mihMgfeI bhuq vD rhI hY. GrF dIaF kImqF gYr vfjb ho geIaF. kYnyzf vrgy dysL dIaF rIal astyt dIaF kImqF agr ieMglYNz vrgy Coty ijhy dysL dy brfbr ho jfx qF kuJ nf kuJ gLLlq jLrUr hY. ieMglYNz vrgy Coty dysL ivwc jLmIn dI kmI kfrn kImqF vD jfx qF smJ afAuNdI hY pr kYnyzf vrgf dysL jo jLmIn dy mfmly ivwc dunIaF df dUjf vwzf dysL hY, ivwc jLmIn dI koeI kmI nhIN hY. eyQy vI GrF dIaF kImqF eynIaF vD jfx ik torFto vrgy sLihr ivwc  purfxf aqy Cotf iqMn bYWzrUm df tfAUn hfAUs/sYmI Gr vI pMj lwK zflr qoN twp jfvy, qF ieh hYrfnIjnk hY. torFto vrgy sLihr ivwc iewk bYWzrUm df apfrtmYNt 1500 zflr mhInf ikrfey qoN twp igaf hY.

          pr kuJ lok ajy vI ieh cfhuMdy hn ik kYnyzf nMU hr sfl bytok iemIgrMt afAuNdy rihx, jo eyQy dy sLihrI hn AuhnF nMU jfbF imlx BFvyN nf imlx. hfrpr srkfr ny iemIgrMtF nMU KusL krn vfsqy ipCly 10 sfl iemIgrysLn ivwc BfrI vfDf kIqf hY. PYmlI klfs, siklz klfs, rPUjI aqy stUzYNt klfs ivwc Bfrf vfDf kIqf hY. ivjLtr Kfskr mfipaF vfsqy 10 sfl df supr vIjLf vI DVf DV lgfieaf jf irhf hY. hux ilbrl afKdy hn ik PYmlI klfs dIaF drKfsqF duwgxIaF kr dyxgy. aYnzIpI kihMdI hY ik swB hwdF hI KLqm kr idwqIaF jfxgIaF. aYnzIpI qF kuJ vI afK skdI hY ikAuNik nf kdy aYnzIpI ny srkfr bxfeI hY aqy nf ies vfr ies nMU srkfr bxfAux jogf smrQn imlxf hY. ilbrlF dI gwl vwKrI hY ik Auh kd vfady vPf krngy? hfrpr qoN pihlF ilbrlF ny afpxy 12 ku sfl dy rfjkfl ivwc mfipaF dI iemIgrysLn Gtf idwqI sI aqy pihlI kMsrvtv srkfr vloN “lfst mYNbr afPL df PYmlI” dI spFsrisLp bMd kr idwqI sI. ies dy nfl hI $975 pRqI ivakqI lYizMg PIs lgf idwqI sI ijs nMU iemIgrMt hYWz tYks dy nfm nfl jfxdy sn. hfrpr srkfr ny afpxy vfady muqfibk ieh PIs awDI kr idwqI sI. pr hux ilbrl iemIgrMtF dy chyqy bnx df zrfmf kr rhy hn.

          jo lok ieh afKdy sn ik AuhnF ny afpxy mfipaF nMU imlxf hY jF iksy smfgm `qy swdxf hY pr vIjLf nhIN imldf, AuhnF vfsqy supr vIjLf sLurU kr idwqf igaf qFik mfpy iek vfr vIjLf lY ky jd mrjLI afAuNdy jFdy rihx. pr Auh lok ies vfsqy KusL nhIN hn ikAuNik mfipaF dI ishq dI iensLorYNs krvfAuxI pYNdI hY ijs `qy zflr lwgdy hn. Auh ieh vI dfavy krdy hn ik Auh apfxy mfipaF nMU swd ky AuhnF dI syvf krnI cfhuMdy hn pr supr vIjLf iensLorYNs `qy Krcf krn qoN zrdy hn aqy cfhuMdy hn ik mfpy AuhnF dy afAux pr Krcf sfry knyzIan sLihrIaF dy isr pvy. Bfv Auh apxy mfipaF nMU swd ky AuhnF dI syvf pbilk qoN krvfAuxI cfhuMdy hn. eyQy hI bws nhIN Auh cfhMdy hn ik mfipaF dI ishq sMBfl df Krcf knyzIan pbilk isr pvy aqy kYnyzf dI srkfr AuhnF dy mfipaF dI pYnsLn vI jldI hI lgf dyvy qF ik AuhnF dI muPLq ivwc lftrI lwg jfvy. pYnsLn dy pYsy AuhnF dy bYNk Kfqy ivwc jfx aqy pYnsLn df tIkf kYnyzf dy lokF dIaF jybF nMU lwgy. ‘ihMg lwgy nf PtkVI’ mfpy vI af jfx, ishq sMBfl vI muPLq hovy, pYnsLn vI lwg jfvy aqy bwcy sMBflx vfsqy muPLq dy bybI istr vI iml jfx.

          ilbrl afgU ny afK idwqf hY ik Auh pRDfn mMqrI bx ky  agly iqMn sfl Gfty df bjt pysL krygf Bfv srkfr dI afmdn qoN vwD Krc krygf ijs dI rkm 147 iblIan zflr dwsI jf rhI hY. puwCxf bxdf hY ik bjt Gftf pUrf kOx krygf? juvfb hY kYnyzf dy lok hI krngy aqy ies vfsqy iksy nf iksy vkq tYks hor lgfieaf jfvygf. axjfxpuxy ivwc lok tYks vfDy aqy bjt Gfty vfsqy iqafr jfpdy hn. ilbrl afKdy hn ik 147 iblIan vwD Krc krky afriQkqf nMU Dwkf lgfieaf jfvygf pr hfrpr nMU ipCly bjt Gfty df dosLI dwsdy hn. hfrpr ny afriQk mMdI ivwc bjt Gftf ies kfrn vDfieaf qF ik izwg rhI afriQkqf nMU Dwkf lgfieaf jf sky jo hux ilbrl afp lgfAux df vfadf kr rhy hn. kYnyzf ivwc ipCly cfr sfl QF QF bx rhIaF sVkF aqy puwlF `qy “aYksLn plfn” dy borz lwgy hoey hn jo afriQkqf nMU Dwkf lgfAux vfsqy kIqy jf rhy Krcy bfry dws rhy hn. hux jd sMsfr mMdI df kuJ hwl ho irhf hY aqy kYnyzf df bjt sMquilq ho igaf hY qF dubfrf agly iqMn sfl Gfty dy bjt dI kI loV hY?

          kuJ lok afK rhy hn ik jsitn trUzo qfkq ivwc af ky amrIkf nfl lVfkU aYPL 35 jhfjLF df sOdf rwd kr dyvygf ikAuNik hfrpr pYsy Krfb kr irhf hY aqy kYnyzf qF sLfqI df puMJ hY, ies nMU lVfkU jhfjLF dI kI loV hY? Bfv knyzIan POj nMU inhwQI hI kr dyvo, ies dI kI looV hY? agr loV pY geI qF amrIknf nMU mdd vfsqy hfk mfr lvFgy pr iPr kihxgy sfzI sfvrYntI KLurdI hY.

          ieh lok Bulwdy hn ik kYnyzf df lVfkU jhfjLF df PlIt bhuq purxf ho igaf ijs nMU agly kuJ sflF ivwc bdlxf pYxf hY. Auh ieh vI Buwldy hn ik jsitn trUzo dy bfp aqy svrgI pRDfn mMqrI pIar trUzo ny hI 80ivaF dy awD ivwc amrIkf qoN svf sO dy krIb aYP 16 jMgI jhfjL KrIdy sn aqy ieh dUjy sMsfr XuwD qoN bfad swB qoN vwzf hiQafrF df sOdf sI. sLfied aglf hiQafrF df vwzf sOdf hux Aus df vwzf bytf krygf.

          afs hY ik vfady muqfibk cox ijwqdy sfr hI jsitn trUzo sIrIaf qoN rPUjIaF dy jhfjL vI Brny sLurU kr dyvygf aqy bhuqI sikAUrtI cYWk krn dI loV vI nhIN pvygI. sIrIaf dy gvFz ivwc amIr muslmfn dysL sfAUdI arb iek vI rPUjI lYx vfsqy iqafr nhIN hY pr jd iehnF rPUjIaF nMU trUzo lY afieaf qF sfAUdI arb iehnF vfsqy msijdF aqy mdrwsy bnfAux leI coKf PMz Byj dyvygf.

          kuJ pMjfbI mIzIafkfr ies gwl `qy kF vrgI njLr rwK rhy hn ik ikqy Bfrq qoN koeI ivakqI jF afgU kYnyzf dIaF coxF ivwc dKLl qF nhIN dy irhf? agr pqf lwg igaf qF Auh rOlf pf dyxgy ikAuNik pMjfb jF Bfrq dy afgUaF nMU kYnyzf dI cox ivwc dKLl dyx df koeI hwk nhIN hY. pr ies dy Elt jd Bfrq jF pMjfb ivwc coxf huMdIaF hn qF iehI pMjfbI mIzIafkfr eyQy Tok ky cox pRcfr krdy hn aqy PMz iekwTf kIqf jFdf hY. rYlIaF aqy smfgm vI kIqy jFdy hn. Bfrq jF pMjfb qoN afgU eyQy BfrqI coxF df pRcfr krn vI afAuNdy hn aqy vIzIE kfnPrMs rfhIN lokF nMU sMboDn vI kIqf jFdf hY.  bilhfry jfeIey iehnF dy zbl stYNzrz dy!!

- pRsLFq lfielpurI, akqUbr 16-2015

 

hux qwk KLbrnfmf dI vYWb sfeIt nUM pfTk vyK cuwky hn

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