www.khabarnama.com  {Punjabi Newspaper Khabarnama Toronto} email: editor@khabarnama.com 


 

ਅਖ਼ਬਾਰ ਪੜ੍ਹਨ ਲਈ ਪੰਜਾਬੀ  ਫਾਂਟ ਇੱਥੋਂ ਡਾਊਂਨਲੋਡ ਕਰ

 

 

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ikMJ Psy kYptn sfihb KLflsqfnI jflL c!

-iekbfl rfmUvflIaf

trFto dy ijs gurdvfry c iKwcI, KLfilsqfn ijLMdfbfd vflLI ipWTBUmI vflI kYptn amirMdr isMG dI Poto, mIzIaf c BKvIN  crcf df ivsLf bxI hY, Aus dy pRbMDk ies Dfrimk sQfn nUM nfrQ amrIkf dy sB qoN vwzy gurdvfry dy qOr qy pysL krdy ny. lMby smyN qoN cldf ieh gurdvfrf 1984 qoN bfad qwq-qsIrIaF dy kbjLy ivwc af igaf, qy AudoN qoN sLurU hoey, KLfilsqfn dy grm Prfty, ies gurdvfry dy c hfly vI inrMqr vjdy rihMdy ny.

ies gurdvfry dI kmytI aqy styj vwloN KLfilsqfn aqy vwKvfd dI BrpUr hmfieq koeI luk-lukoa vflLf mfjrf nhIN: 1984 qoN hux qIk ies gurdvfry c hoieaf, ivsfKI, gurpurb aqy nvyN sfl afidk df koeI vI aYsf smfgm dyKx-suxn ivwc nhIN afieaf ijs nUM, Bfrq nUM ihMdU sfmrfj qy iswKF df dusLmx grdfn ky BMzx, KfVkUaF dy dI mihmf gfAux, qy KLfilsqfn ijLMdfbfd dy nfairaF qoN  bgLYr sMpUrn kIqf igaf hovy. styj qoN nrm-iKLaflI akflIaF qy kFgrsIaF nUM pfxI pI pI ky kosxf qF ies gurdvfry c bfkfiedf bolx vflLy kuJ grm-iKLaflIaF df iewk afm vrqfrf irhf hY. iewk vfr qF ieh gwl vI cwlI sI ik iksy bhuqy eI awg-BbUky ny prkfsL isMG bfdl dy isr df muwl pfAux vflLf BfsLx vI JfV mfiraf sI. mUloN hI qwqy BfsLxF dI sUeI vI iesy asQfn vwl hI AuWTI sI. akflIaF AuWpr lwgI bolx dI pfbMdI vI hfly ipwCy jyhy hI htfeI geI hY.

ieh vI hkIkq hY ik gLYrswiBak, KrHvI BfsLf c KLfilsqfn df BVkfAU prcfr krn vfly iewk rojLfnf ryzIE qy hPLqfvfrI tI vI pRogrfm nUM sflfnf motI rkm vI iesy gurdvfry dI spFsrisLp aDIn, keI sfl cVHfeI jFdI rhI hY. ryzIE KLflsqfn nUM clfAuNdf irhf ies gurdvfry df iewk sfbkf pRDfn ieh dfavf vI krdf irhf hY ik Aus pRogrfm df BfrI KLrcf vI iesy gurdvfry dI golk coN hI afAuNdf sI. sMq iBMzrF qy KfVkU khy jFdy hiQafrbMd ivakqIaF dIaF drjxF qsvIrF ies gurdvfry dy lMgr hfl c hfly vI sLsLoBq hn. KLfilsqfn nUM KulHyafm prxfeI vrlz iswK afrgynfeIjLysLn ies gurdvfry dI pRbMDk kmytI qy BfrU clI af rhI hY. ies dy ivsLfl myn hfl c gurU gRMQ sfihb dI pflkI dy ipCfVI vflI kMD qy ilsLkdf, Kfilqfn ijLMdfbfd vflf do mMijaF ijwzf motf bYnr, nyqrhIxF nUM vI ids pYNdf hY.

pr ies sB dy bfvjUd kYptn amirMdr isMG, kwtVpMQIaF dI cuMglL ivwc ikMJ PLs igaf, ies mfjry nUM smJx leI vIh ku vryH ipwCy nUM Jfq mfrnI pYxI hY. kYnzf dI, sosLilst suBfa vflLI aYn[ zI[ pI[ nfm dI rfjsI pfrtI nflL ZfeI dhfikaF qoN juiVaf qy iesy pfrtI vwloN hI, kYnzf dy  ibRitsL kolMbIaf nfmI iewk aihm sUby df, BfrqI mUl df pihlf muwK mMqrI rih cuwikaf AuWjl dosFJ, bIqy sfl dl-bdlI kr ky, awj kYnzf dy kyNdr ivwc rfj kr rhI ilbrl pfrtI ivwc ishq mMqrI hY. 80ivaF ivwc jdoN KLfilsqfn dI lihr afpxy jobn qy sI qF AuWjl dosFJ dy awqvfd-ivroDI pYNqVy kfrn, vYnkUvr dy KLfilsqfnIaF ny Aus nUM cMgf kutfpf cfiVHaf sI qy Aus dy dPLqr dI qoV-PoV vI kIqI sI. ies kutfpy kfrn AuWjl dusFJ nUM nrm-iKLaflI iswKF qy sYkUlr agFhvDU hlikaF ivwc byaMq siqkfr imlLdf irhf hY, pr aYn zI pI pfrtI coN ilbrlF c dl-bdlI krn qoN bfad, AuWjl dosFJ kYnzf dy nrm-iKLaflI pMjfbIaF c pihlF vflLf siqkfr kfiem nhIN rwK sikaf. ies leI afpxI rfjsI hmfieq nUM blvfn krn leI, AuWjl dosFJ dIaF glvkVIaF awj klH KLfilsqfn dI hfly vI hmfieq krn vflLI vrlz iswK afrgynfeIjLysLn dy lIzrF qy vIh sfl qoN ryzIE qy tI vI AuWqy KLfilsqfn ijLMdfbfd dy nfary bfhF Aulfr Aulfr ky mfrn vfly iewk sLorIly lfxy nflL peIaF hoeIaF hn.

pr trFto c kFgrsIaF df iewk qkVf qy pRBfvsLflI gruwp vI hY ijhVf awqvfd dy dOr c bymuhfr, iqAUVIey KLfilsqfnIaF dy kihr df isLkfr hox dy bfvjUd Bfrq dI eykqf aKMzqf aqy ihMdU-iswKF dI BfeIcfrk sFJ nUM prxfieaf irhf. iehI kFgrsI gruwp, muwK mMqrI byaMq isMG dy kql mgroN jdoN sLok sBfvF krn df joKLm lY irhf sI qF vrlz iswK afrgynfeIjLysLn nfl juVy KLfilsqfnI brfzkfstrF df lfxf ryzIE aqy tI vI AuWqy byaMq isMG dy kql dy jsLn mnf irhf sI.

amirMdr isMG dy trFto dOry dOrfn AumId qF ieh sI ik ies dOry df ieMqjLfm, awqvfd dOrfn Bfrq df zt ky pwK pUrn vflLy kFgrsIaF dy hwQ c huMdf, pr pqf nhIN ikhVIaF mjbUrIaF kfrn, kYptn sfihb dy trFto dOry nUM kYnzf dy ishq mMqrI AuWjl dosFJ rfhIN,  dosFJ dy trFto rihMdy iewk krIbI irsLqydfr dy hwQ PLVf idwqf igaf. dosFJ df ieh krIbI irsLqydfr, trFto dI EvrsIajL kFgrs ivwcoN burI qrHF alwg-Qlwg kIqf hoieaf iewk ivakqI hY; ies leI kYptn dy dOry nUM kfmXfb kr ky afpxI sfKL dI muV-surjIqI leI, dosFJ dI Qfpnf nflL trFto vflLy ies irsLqydfr ny afpxI sItI, trFto dy kwtV KfilsqfnIaF nflL jf rlLfeI. vIh sflF qoN Bfrq jfx leI qrsdy ZfeI ku KfilsqfnIaF dIaF awKF c  kYptn dy ies dOry coN Bfrq dy vIijLaF dy prCfvyN Tos rUp Dfrdy jfpx lwgy. trFto ivclf BfrqI sPLfrqKLfnf vI AunHF grm-qbIqIaF qoN cMgI qrHF vfikPL hY ijhVy amirMdr isMG dy trFto dOry dOrfn kYptn dy afly duafly iBxkdy rhy. trFto dy tksflI kFgrsIaF nUM Kuwzy lf ky, dosFJ dy trFto vflLy irsLqydfr ny kYptn df dOrf AunHF hI KLfilsqfnIaF dy hwQF c dy idwqf ijnHF coN pMj swq ajyhy vI hn ijhVy ipCly vIhF sflF qoN CwbI jnvrI qy pMdrF agsq nUM, trFto dy istI hfl c Bfrq df iqrMgf sfVn qy BfrqI kONslyt vwloN krfey jFdy sfry smfgmF c KLlblI mcfAux qoN bgYLYr inwklx hI nhIN dyNdy. 

kYptn sfihb dI ies kQnI ivwc koeI swcfeI nhIN ik AunHF df ies gurdvfry jfxf acfnk hI qYa hoieaf; swcfeI ieh hY ik ies dOry qoN keI idn pihlF pRbMDkF ny kYptn nUM ies gurdvfry afAux df jLbfnI swdf idwqf pr kYptn dy ilKqI swdf-pwqr leI kihx qy, ieh swdf ilKqI rUp ivwc pRfpq ho igaf. ies swdy nUM tfeIp vI, zyZ dhfkf tI vI qy muwky Aulfr ky KLfilsqfn ijMLdfbfd kihx vflLy iewk iqAUVIey vwloN kIqf dwisaf jFdf hY. ieh qF KLudf jfxy jF kYptn sfihb jF Aus dy trFto ivcly slfhkfr qy sPLfrqKLfny vfly ik kYptn sfihb jfx buwJ ky ies jflL PLsy jF axjfxy c hI, pr kYptn dy trFto ivcly slfhkfrF nUM ies gwl df pwkf igafn sI ik ijs KfilsqfnI toly dy knHyVHI cVH ky kYptn sfihb Aus gurdvfry c jf rhy sn iehI tolf hI pihlF jgmIq brfV, kuldIp isMG bzflf, qy KflVf vrigaF nUM afpxy moiZaF qy cuwk ky Kuafr kr cuwikaf hY.

ies hkIkq df vI koeI jvfb nhIN ik dysL dI eykqf aKMzqf df JMzf ipCly do dhfikaF qoN cuwkx kfrn ienHF KfilsqfnIaF dI jLllfq sihx vfly trFto dy tksflI kFgrsI, byhy ho rhy hfr AuNNglF qy ltkfa ky kYptn sfihb dI iewk Jlk leI qrsdy ikAuN rwKy gey.

 

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spsLt AudysL aqy kfrgr plYinMg qoN swKxI sI kYptn amirMdr isMG dI kYnyzf PyrI

blrfj idEl

    bIqy kuJ idnF qoN pMjfb ivwc kYptn amirMdr isMG dI kYnyzf PyrI bfry AuWTy ivvfd ny ies PyrI dy postmfrtm nMU kYnyzf dy pMjfbI BfeIcfry ivwc crcf ivsLf bxf idwqf hY. sQfnk pMjfbI mIzIey ivwc ies dI BrpUrpUr crcf ho rhI hY aqy lok smfijk, Dfrimk qy pirvfrk imlxIaF dOrfn ies bfry gwlF kr rhy hn. meI dy qIjy hPLqy dOrfn hoeI kYptn amirMdr isMG dI kYnyzf PyrI sQfnk pMjfbI BfeIcfry dI iKwc df kyNdr ies krky bxI rhI sI ikAuNk iewk qF ieh pMjfb dy iksy muwK mMqrI dI pihlI kYnyzf PyrI sI aqy dUjf ies PyrI df iksy vI iDr vwloN nMgf-icwtf ivroD nhIN sI kIqf jf irhf. AuNJ ies PyrI qoN aYn pihlF ivsLv iswK sMsQf nfm dI KfilsqfnI jQybMdI ny ies PyrI dy iKlfPL mujLfhry krn df aYlfn kIqf sI pr iPr iksy ax-aYlfny qy aigafq kfrn krky ies sMsQf dy torFto dy afspfs vwsdy kfrkun mujLfhiraF dI QF svfgqIaF dIaF mUhrlIaF kqfrF ivwc KV ky kYptn amirMdr isMG df svfgq krdy vyKy gey sn. ieh jfdU kYptn dI sKLsLIaq df sI jF iksy aMdrKfqy hoey lYx-dyx df, ies bfry insLcqf nfl kuJ vI kihxf musLkl hY.

    ies PyrI mOky kYptn amirMdr isMG vwloN EntyrIE Kflsf drbfr nfm dI iswK sMsQf vwloN clfey jFdy izksI roz gurdvfrf sfihb ivwc muwK styj dI kMD `qy lwgy Kfilsqfn ijMdfbfd dy nfhry mUhry KV ky sMgq nMU sMboDn krn smyN dI iKwcI iewk qsvIr hI ies smyN vfd-ivvfd df mwuK ivsLf hY. jy kYptn amirMdr isMG dI ies sfrI dI sfrI PyrI nMU ghu nfl vyiKaf jfvy qF sLrU qoN aMq qwk ieh sfrI PyrI hI AudysLhIx aqy GtIaf plYinMg df isLkfr rhI sI.  sQfnk pMjfbI mIzIaf, keI kFgrs smrQwk qy bwDIjIvI ies PyrI dy sLrU hox qoN 8-10 idn pihlF hI plYinMg dI Gft qy idsLfhIxqf nMU BFp gey sn qy ies bfry sQfnk pMjfbI mIzIey ivwc keI itwpxIaF vI hoeIaF sn. keI sQfnk kFgrsI vrkrF ny afpxI nrfjLgI pRgt krn aqy kYptn sfihb nMU pYdf hor rhy hlfq qoN jfxU krvfAux vfsqy phuMc vI kIqI sI pr ies df koeI asr nf hoieaf. kFgrsI vrkr PyrI dy bMdobsq leI agfAUN afey pMjfb srkfr dy zYlIgysLn nMU vI imly qy smuwcI PyrI `qy BfrU ho rhy KfilsqfnIaF bfry sbUqF sihq sLkfieq kIqI pr prnflf AuWQy df AuWQy hI irhf.

    buwDvfr, 18 meI sLfm nMU torFto eyarport `qy vwzI igxqI ivwc hwQF `c hfr PVI kYptn amirMdr isMG df svfgq krn puwjy kFgrsI vrkrF dI Aus smyN hYrfnI dI koeI hwd nf rhI jd AuhnF nMU ieh dwisaf igaf ik kYptn sfihb puils surwiKaf hyT eyarport qoN torFto dy aiq mihMgy Por sIjLn hotl leI rvfnf ho cuwky hn.  drjnF kFgrsI agly do idn kYptn sfihb nMU afpxf duwK dwsx vfsqy ies Por sIjLn hotl dI lfbI dy gyVy mfrdy rhy pr kYptn sfihb qwk awpV nf sky jd ky KfilsqfnI toly nMU kYptn sfihb dy Kuwly drsLn dIdfry huMdy rhy. sLkfieq kr rhy kFgrsI vrkrF nMU iewk mMqrI ny qF iewQoN qwk afK idwqf ik kYptn iksy dI suxdf hI nhIN hY qy Auh kuJ nhIN kr skdf.

    19 meI, vIrvfr dy idn EntyrIE sUby dy trFsport mMqrI vwloN srkfrI qOr `qy kYptn dy svfgq ivwc sUby dy sMsd Bvn ivwc rIsYpsLn idwqI geI ijs ivwc vwK vwK guwtF dy KfilsqfnIaF df bolbflf irhf ijhnF `coN bhuq sQfnk gurdvfrf isafsq nfl sbMDq sn qy qwKr vloN bulfey gey sn. ies rIsYpsLn ivwc kwtV KfilsqfnI qy sFJ svyrf nfm dy sQfnk pMjfbI hPLqfvfrI df sMpfdk suKimMdr isMG hMsrf vI sLfml sI ijs nMU vyK ky mOky `qy hfjLr BfrqI sPfrqI stfPL iewk vfr qF cONk hI igaf sI.  imstr hMsrf ies rIsYpsLn ivwc kYptn sfihb nMU nyVy ho ky imilaf aqy dovF ny qsvIr vI iKcvfeI aqy ieh sQfnk pRicaF ivwc pRkfsLq vI hoeI. ies hMsrf-kYptn imlxI mOky njLdIk KVy iewk AuWGy kFgrsI ny kYptn sfihb nMU dwisaf ik hMsrf iewk kwtV KfilsqfnI hY pr kYptn sfihb df siqkfr krdf hY. izksI gurdvfry vfly pRogrfm smyq hMsrf agly do idn bhuq sfry pRogrfm ivwc hfjLr vyiKaf igaf. qwKr vloN idwqI geI ies rIsYpsLn ivwc hI izksI gurdvfry jfx df pRogrfm qYa ho igaf sI ijs bfry sQfnk pMjfbI mIzIey ny pMjfb ivwc mhInf Br bfad Aupjy ivvfd qoN bhuq pihlF bhuq kuJ ilK vI mfiraf sI.

    imstr hMsrf izksI gurdvfry dI pRbMDk kmytI df aihm slfhkfr qy smrQk hox dy nfl nfl ivsLv iswK sMsQf df vI iewk AuWGf kfrkun hY. ieh ivakqI koeI dhfkf ku Br axKIlf pMjfb nfm df iewk ryzIE qy iewk tI[ vI[ pRogrfm vI clfAuNdf irhf hY ijhnF ivwc Kfilsqfn df jMm ky pRcfr kIqf jFdf sI. iehnF pRogrfmF dy aMq ivwc hMsrf bhuq nftkI ZMg nfl Kfilsqfn ijLMdfbfd df nfhrf mfiraf krdf sI qy BrfqpRsqF nMU mKOl kiraf krdf sI. kuJ smF qF hMsrf ny Kfilsqfn ijLMdfbfd dy nfhry nMU msflf lf ky gdfrF dI ihwk `qy pYr rwK ky Kfilsqfn ijMdfbfd afKxf vI sLurU kr idwqf sI. hMsrf vfsqy hr BfrqpRsq iswK hI gdfr sI, ijs kfrn hMsrf dy iehnF dovF pRogfrfmF dy iKlfPL bhuq sfrIaF sLkfieqF vI hoeIaF sn. ieh dovyN KfilsqfnI pRogrfm ikvyN bMd hoey jF krvfey gey ieh iewk lMbI khfxI hY.

pMjfb dy svrgI muwK mMqrI s: byaMq isMG dy kql qoN qurMq bfad sRI hMsrf ny afpxy axKIlf pMjfb ryzIE `qy Kuwl ky KusLI df iejLhfr vI kIqf sI aqy vDfeI leI keI KfilsqfnI afgUaF dIaF Pon kflF iswDIaF brfzkfst vI kIqIaF sn ijhnF `coN iewk Pon kfl pfiksqfn bYTy iewk AuGy KfilsqfnI dihsLqgRd dI sI.  awj ivvfd df kyNdr bxy izksI gurdvfry dy Aus smyN dy pRDfn ny vI ryzIE `qy brfzkfst kIqI Pon kfl ivwc s: byaMq isMG dy kql `qy rwjvIN KusLI pRgt kIqI sI.

    hr sfl 26 jnvrI aqy 15 agsq dy BfrqI jsLnF mOky hMsrf smyq keI KfilsqfnI zyZ ku dhfk nym nfl Bfrq df kOmI JMzf iqrMgf sfVdy rhy sn qy Bfrq aqy BfrqpRsqF nMU burf-Blf afiKaf krdy sn. afpxy sFJ svyrf pMjfbI hPLqyvfr aKbfr ivwc vI Bfrq nMU kosx ivwc ismtr hMsrf ny awj qwk kdy iZl nhIN ivKfeI.  Audfhrx leI ies hPLqy 23 jUn dy sFJ svyrf aKLbfr ivwc lwgy iewk afrtIkl df hYizMg hY, pMjfb ivwc KfilsqfnI lihr dI pRcMzqf bnfm BfrqI jfbrqMqr aqy iewj hor afrtIkl df hYizMg hY, pMQ df mfx BfeI jgqfr isMG hvfrf.

    imsjL gFDI aqy jnrl vYidaf dy kqlF dI brsI mOky aksr sFJ svyrf aKLbfr dy muwK pMny `qy BVkfAU qy bldI `qy qyl pfAux vflI sLbdfvlI qy skYc pRkfsLq huMdy rhy hn.  sRI hMsrf ny kuJ sfl pihlF iewk kys ivwc ivvfdq Kfilsqfn ijLMdfbfd dy bYnr vfly izksI gurdvfry df bYNk  Kfqf vI iewk vfr sIjL (jfm) krvf ilaf sI aqy afKr gurdvfry qoN adflqI kfrvfeI nfl 70 hjLfr zflr vsUl ilaf sI. iewk gur iswK (hMsrf) vwloN gurdvfry dy bYNk Kfqy nMU gfrinsL (kurk) krvfAux dI sLkfieq vI sRI hMsrf iKlfPL sRI akfl qKLq sfihb `qy geI sI aqy akfl qKLq sfihb ny sRI hMsrf nMU qlb hox dy afdysL vI idwqy sn. ies kys df PYslf ajy qwk nhIN hoieaf qy ieh kys ajy qwk sRI akfl qKLq dy ivcfr aDIn dwisaf jFdf hY.

    19 meI sLfm nMU kYptn amirMdr isMG iewk rsYpsLn ivwc sLfml hoey ijs df pRbMD kYnyzf dy ishq mMqrI sRI Aujl dosFJ dy nfm `qy kIqf igaf sI pr sRI dosFJ afp ies pRogrfm ivwc phuMc nhIN sn sky. ies rIsYpsLn ivwc vwKvfdI ivsLv iswK sMsQf df bolbflf sI aqy kFgrs dy iewk guwt dy kuJ kfrkunF dy nfl nfl bbr Kflsf qy ieMtrnYsLnl iswK XUQ PzrysLn dy kuJ aihm swjx vI sLfml sn. ies rIsYpsLn dI styj (aYm[ sI) dI kfrvfeI torFto dy iewk AuGy KfilsqfnI smrQk tI[ sLyr isMG vkIl ny kIqI sI aqy Kfxy smyN tI[ sLyr isMG ny afp kYptn dy nfl bYT ky AuhnF dI plyt ivwc Kfxf pfieaf sI. kwul imlf ky ieh rIsYpsLn ivsLv iswK sMsQf nfl sbMDq aYm pI nvdIp isMG bYNs dy smrQkF vloN kIqI geI sI ijs ivwc hMsrf df aihm rol minMaF jFdf hY.

    eysy sLfm nMU kYptn sfihb iewk hor rIsYpsLn ivwc sLfml hoey ijs df pRbMD voies aKLbfr ny pRisD iemIgrysLn Prm zbilXU[ zbilXU[ afeI[ sI[ aYs[ (ivks) dy sihXog nfl kIqf sI. ies Prm df iewk vwzf dPLqr cMzIgVH ivwc vI hY aqy ies rIsYpsLn ivwc sQfnk kFgrs df iewk DVf vI axsrdI nMU sLfml hoieaf ikAuNik Auh afpxy vwKry svfgqI pRogrfm vfsqy hF nhIN sn krvf sky.

    20 meI svyr nMU Por sIjLn hotl ivwc aYm pI nvdIp isMG bYNs ny kYptn nMU brYkPfst idwqf ijs ivwc AuWjl dosFJ qy aYm pI nvdIp bYNs df sfrf pirvfr jo ik ivsLv isK sMsQf df smrQk hY sLfml hoieaf. ijLkrXog hY ik sRI akfl qKLq sfihb dy jwQydfr ig: joigMdr isMG vydFqI ny kYnyzf dy nvyN bx rhy smilMgI-sLfdI kfnUMn qoN icMquq ho ky aimRMqDfrI nvdIp bYNs smyq sfry iswKF nMU ies df ivroD krn df sMdysL idwqf sI pr sRI bYNs ny ies ivvfdgRsq ibwl nMU kfnUMn bnfAux dy hwk ivwc Kuwl ky Xogdfn pfieaf hY aqy vkIl tI[ sLyr isMG ny qF kYnyzf dy kOmI aMgryjLI aKLbfr ivwc iewk KLq ilK ky ieh vI afK idwqf sI ik akfl qKLq nMU Bfrq qoN bfhr iswKF nMU ajyhf sMdysL Byjx df koeI hwk hI nhIN hY.

20 meI nMU hI kYptn sfihb ny sQfnk ieMtrnYsLnl sYNtr ivwc myz ien pMjfb sLoa df AudGftn kIqf aqy ieh kYptn dI PyrI df muwK AudysL dwisaf igaf sI. AudGftnI PfrimltI pUrI krdy sfr hI kYptn sfihb afpxy zYlIgysLn nfl sYr-spfty vfsqy nfiegrf-PfljL cly gey. ieh myz ien pMjfb sLoa byhwd asPLl irhf qy pMjfb qoN afey vpfrI inrfsL ho ky vfps prqy ijs bfry sQfnk pMjfbI mIzIaf bhuq kuJ ilK cuwkf hY.

    sYr-spfty qoN bafd pihlF hI qYa progrfm muqfibk kYptn sfihb izksI gurdvfry phuMcy ijwQy Kfilsqfn dy bYnr sfihmxy KV ky bolidaF dI AuhnF dI qsvIr awj pMjfb ivwc crcf df ivsLf bxI hoeI hY. Kfilsqfn ijLMdfbfd df ieh bYnr eynf vwzf aqy cmkdfr hY ik drbfr hfl `c vVHdy sfr hI hr pRfxI dI njLr pY jFdf hY. mOky `qy hfjLr kuJ swjxF dy dwsx muqfibk kYptn dy zYlIgysLn ny vVHdy sfr hI ieh bYnr qfV ilaf sI aqy kuJ Gusr-musr vI hoeI sI pr gwl iewQy hI Twp ho geI.  kYptn sfihb df iewQy svfgq vI hoieaf, Auh Kfilsqfn dy bYnr sfhmxy KV ky boly vI qy pRbMDkF ny isropf qy plYk vI ByNt kIqI. kYptn sfihb nMU gurdvfry dy dPLqr ivwc cfh vI ipafeI geI. svfl pYdf huMdf hY ik jy pRogrfm acfnk kuJ GMty pihlF hI bixaF sI qF iPr pRbMDkF ny eyny jldI plYk ikvyN qy ikwQoN bxvf leI?

 

    iekwlf Kfilsqfn ijLMdfbfd df bYnr hI nhIN ies gurdvfry dy lMgr hfl aqy gilafry ivwc keI bMdUkDfrI dihsLqgRdF dIaF vwzIaF vwzIaF zrfAuxIaF qsvIrF vI kMDF `qy lwgIaF hoeIaF hn aqy kYptn sfihb nMU lMgr hfl df dOrf vI krvfieaf igaf sI. ieh sMBv nhIN hY ik kYptn sfihb aqy AuhnF dy zYlIgysLn ny iehnF qsvIrF dy drsLn nf kIqy hox. jy AuhnF drsLn kIqy sn qF AuhnF awj qwk koeI pRqIkrm ikAuN nf idwqf? kI AuhnF ivwc eyny gts nhIN hn ik Auh mOky `qy gurdvfry dy myjLbfn pRbMDkF kol ies swB kuJ `qy ieqrfjL krdy?

    bIqy vIh ku sfl qoN ies gurdvfry ivwc hr nvyN sfl dy mOky kIqy jFdy ivsLysL dIvfn ivwc imstr hMsrf qy hor ivsLv iswK sMsQf dy afgUaF vwloN Kfilsqfn dy nfhry vI Tok-vjf ky lfey jFdy hn. ies sfl qoN qF hux mfrc mhIny dy awD ivwc BfeI puryvfl dI jMqrI muqfibk iswKF df vwKrf nvF sfl vI mnfAuxf sLurU kIqf hY aqy Kfilsqfn ijLMdfbfd dy nfhry vI ies df muwK ihwsf bx gey hn. ies gurdvfry dy nfm `qy hI kdy ryzIE Kfilsqfn clfieaf jFdf sI ijs `coN Aupjy kys ivwc imstr hMsrf ny ies gurdvfry qoN 70 hjLfr zflr vsUilaf sI.

    Es smyN vI ies gurdvfry df pRDfn sRI jsjIq isMG Buwlr sI aqy awj vI jsjIq isMG Buwlr hI hY. meI 20, idn sLkrvfr nMU sRI jsjIq isMG Buwlr kYptn sfihb nMU gurdvfrf sfihb ivwc jI afieaF afKdy hn aqy 5 jUn nMU njLdIkI sLihr hYmltn ivwc hoey iewk pRogrfm ivwc Kfilsqfn dI mMg krdy hn. sRI hMsrf dy sFJ svyrf aKbfr dy 16 jUn dy aMk dy muwK pMny qy ies pRogrfm dIaF qsvIrF ivwc sRI Buwlr dI vI rMgdfr qsvIr pRkfsLq huMdI hY aqy aKbfr muqfibk afpxI qkrIr ivwc sRI Buwlr ny bVI dlIl nfl sLhIdF nMU sLrDFjlI arpx kridaF ikhf ik iswK kOm nMU afpxf dysL Kfilsqfn bnfAux leI XqnsLIl rihxf cfhIdf hY. ieh lPLjL Esy sRI Bulr dy hn ijs dy kYptn dy hwk ivwc ibafn pMjfb dy aKLbfrF ivwc bIqy idnIN pRkfsLq hoey hn.

    izksI gurdvfrf EhI gurdvfrf hY ijwQy keI sfl pihlF iewk vwKvfdI pRogrfm ivwc kdy akflI afgU s: pRkfsL isMG bfdl dy isr df muwl rwKy jfx dI gwl hoeI sI aqy ijwQy akflI afgUaF `qy bolx dI pfbMdI vI lgfeI geI sI. kYptn dI PyrI mOky BfrU rhI ivsLv isK sMsQf ny jUn dy pihly hPLqy GwlUGfrf idvs mOky rfjDfnI aftvf aqy izksI gurdvfry dovF QfvF `qy hI pRogrfm krvfey aqy aftvf ivwc knyzIan isafsqdfnF nMU lfbI krn dI iewCf nfl krvfey gey pRogrfm ivwc sR hMsrf ny sFJ svyrf aKLbfr dI rport muqfibk ieMJ afiKaf, Bfrq srkfr vwloN Gwt igxqIaF dI kIqI jf rhI nslkusLI df ijLkr knyzIan pfrlImYNtyrIanjL vwloN jLrUr kIqf jfxf cfhIdf hY. ies df juvfb qF kYptn sfihb aqy AuhnF dI pfrtI dI kyNdrI srkfr hI dy skdy hn ik Auh Gwt igxqIaF dI ikvyN qy ikAuN nslkusLI krdy hn ijhf ky kYptn sfihb dy myjLbfn kih rhy hn.

    ieh vI afiKaf jf irhf hY ik kYptn sfihb dI izksI gurdvfrf PyrI mOky AuWjl dosFJ smyq keI knyzIan isafsqdfn nfl sn. sRI dosFJ hY vI sn qy hor vI hoxgy pr Auh knyzIan isafsdfn hn qy AuhnF dI ishq `qy Kfilsqfn ijMdfbfd df koeI asr nhIN huMdf. ijwQoN qwk sRI  AuWjl dosFJ df qfluk hY Auh ies gurdvfry Kuwly qOr `qy kYptn sfihb dy nfl hI pihlI vfr afey sn pr nf qF AuhnF nMU Es idn izksI gurdvfry bolx hI idwqf igaf aqy nf hI isropf idwqf igaf. kfrn? ajy vI bhuq sfry KfilsqfnI AuhnF nMU hjLm krn nMU iqafr nhIN hn hflF ky sRI dosFJ KfilsqfnIaF nfl nyVqf dI hr koisLsL krdy rhy hn.

    iewk ieh qrk vI idwqf igaf hY ik izksI gurdvfry bhuq sfry akflI qy hor afgU af ky boldy rhy hn. bIqy sflF dOrfn kuJ boly jLrUr hn pr Kfilsqfn ijLMdfbfd dy bYnr sfhmxy KV ky nhIN boly. ajy sfl 2004 dIaF srdIaF dy sLurU ivwc hI lok sBf dy izptI spIkr s: crnjIq isMG atvfl izksI gurdvfry bol ky gey hn pr AuhnF dI PyrI mOky styj dI ipClI kMD `qy iksy ny Kfilsqfn ijLMdfbfd df bYnr nhIN vyiKaf. ieh bYnr iKskf ilaf igaf, Zwk ilaf igaf jF kuJ hor kIqf igaf ies df igafn qF pRbMDkF nMU hI hovygf.  kYptn sfihb pMjfb dy muwK mMqrI hn Auh koeI sDfrn isafsI afgU nhIN hn qy Kfilsqfn ijLdfbfd df iswDf sbMD pMjfb nfl qy pMjfb dy amn-cYn nfl hY. pMjfb df koeI sDfrn isafsI afgU jF koeI aYm aYl ey Kfilsqfn ijLMdfbfd dy bYnr sfhmxy KV ky bol vI jfvy qF hAU-pry kIqI jf skdI hY pr kYptn dy rYNk df isafsI afgU ajyhf kr jfvy ieh lsLmx ryKf nMU pfr krn vflI gwl hY.

    kYptn sfihb ny ies bfry pRqIkrm idMidaF afiKaf hY ik Auh gurdvfry isr invfAux gey sn ieh pqf kr ky nhIN gey sn ik AuWQy kI huMdf hY qy kI lwigaf hoieaf hY vgYrf. jy mMn leIey ik pRogrfm acfnk bixaF qy agfAUN sUcnf nhIN imlI qF kYptn sfihb df ieh juvfb kuJ vjLn jLrUr rwKdf hY. pr jd kYptn sfihb gurdvfrf sfihb jf hI bYTy sn qy Kfilsqfn ijLMdfbfd df vwzf suinhrI bYnr sfhmxy cmk irhf sI qF Es smyN Auh mwQf tyk ky aqy pRsLfd lY ky vfps muV skdy sn. AuhnF nMU bolx vfsqy koeI mjLbUr nhIN sI kr skdf Auh qF isr invfAux hI gey sn. jy koeI bdobdI bolx dI bynqI krdf qF Auh lwgy bYnr `qy ieqrfjL vI kr skdy sn ijhf ky bhuq sfry sQfnk iswK aksr krdy hn. jy bolx vfsqy KV hI gey sn qF Auh jLurrq kr ky bYnr `qy ieqrfjL vI kr skdy sn pr AuhnF iehnF sMBv afpsLnF `coN iewk dI vI vrqoN nf kIqI. jy Auh kr lYNdy qF KfilsqfnI lfxy ny pfxI pfxI ho jfxf sI `qy sMgq ny AuhnF dI jY jY kfr kr dyxI sI.

    ieh gwl vI Kfs mhwqqf rwKdI hY ik kYptn sfihb dI Kfilsqfn ijLdfbfd dy bYnr sfhmxy KV ky bolidaF qsvIr vI swB qoN pihlF sRI hMsrf dI aKLbfr sFJ svyrf dI vYWbsfeIt `qy hI pfeI geI sI.

    20 meI sLfm nMU kYptn sfihb ny iewk sQfnk pMjfbI hPqfvr aKLbfr dy slfnf pRogrfm ivwc ivsLysL qOr `qy isLrkq kIqI. AuhnF dI PyrI df ieh pRogrfm pMjfb qoN hI qYa ho igaf sI aqy keI hPLqy pihlF hI anfAuNs vI ho igaf sI. jUn dy qIjy hPLqy pRkfsLq hoey ies hPLqfvfrI aKLbfr df aMk nM: 166 hY ijs qoN sihjy hI aMdfjLf lgfieaf jf skdf hY ik ieh aKLbfr hux iqMn sfl qoN kuJ hPLqy vwD purfxf hY.  iekwly torFto qoN hI ies smyN iewk drjn qoN vwD hPLqfvfrI pMjfbI prcy pRkfsLq huMdy hn ijhnF `coN iewk qF 25 sfl purfxf hY aqy 2-3 prcy 10 sfl qoN vwD purfxy hn qy 2-3 prcy 7 sfl dy krIb purfxy hn. svfl pYdf huMdf hY ik afKLr ies aKLbfr dI kI KfsIaq hY ijs dy pRogrfm `qy pMjfb dy muwK mMqrI sfihb ivsLysL qOr `qy puwjy sn?

23 jUn 1985 nMU bMb Dmfky kfrn hfdsfgRsq hoeI eyar ieMzIaf PleIt 182 dI ies hPLqy 23 jUn nMU 20vIN brsI mnfeI geI hY qy afierlYNz dy qwt `qy hoey sog smfgm ivwc kYnyzf dy pRDfn mMqrI ivsLysL qOr `qy puwjy sn aqy AuhnF 23 jUn nMU kYnyzf df kOmI sog idvs aYlfinaF sI. ies bMb kFz ivwc 329 inrdosLy mfry gey sn qy eysy idn jpfn dy nrIqf hvfeI awzy `qy Pty bMb ivwc do jpfnI kfmy mfry gey sn.  kuJ mhIny pihlF mfrc dy awD ivwc ies bMb kFz dy dosL ivwc PVy gey KfilsqfnI afgU irpdumn isMG milk aqy bwbr Kflsf afgU ajYb isMG bfgVI nMU kYnyzf dI adflq ny sbUqF dI Gft kfrn brI kr idwqf sI. iehnF dovF bMb kFzF ivwc brI kIqy gey iehnF dovF swjxF df njLdIkI ieMdrjIq isMG irafq jo ik bMbGfVy vjoN jfixaF jFdf hY nMU adflq vloN dosLI grdfinaF igaf sI aqy ajy slfKF ipwCy sjLf kwt irhf hY. irafq ny adflq ivwc bMb vfsqy smwgrI iekwTI krn aqy pihlf tYst bMb bnfAux df dosL kbUl kr ilaf sI.

    bfgVI aqy milk dy brI kIqy jfx ipwCoN ies pMjfbI hPLqfvfrI aKLbfr (ijs dy kYptn sfihb mihmfn sn) ny iewk ivsLysL rport afpxy aMk nM: 154 ivwc 28 mfrc 2005 nMU pRkfsLq kIqI sI. muwK pMny dy muwK pihry ivwc ies duKdfeI Gtnf bfry aKLbfr kuJ ies qrF ibafn krdf hY, hfdsy qoN kuJ arsy bafd 1989 ivwc kYnyzf dy do pwqrkfrF ny ies hfdsy bfry iewk snsnIKyj ikqfb soPLt tfrgt pRkfsLq krvfeI sI, ijs ivwc AunF ies hfdsy ipCy kMm kr rhI sfijsL df prdfPfsL kIqf sI.[[[[sOPt tfrgt ikqfb dy lyKkF ny bVI spsLtqf nfl rfa dy aiDkfrIaF nMU ies hfdsy dy sfijLsLGfVy vjoN sQfpq kIqf sI.  Xfd rhy sfPt tfrgt nfm dI ieh ikqfb jLuhyr ksLmIrI nfm dy pwqrkfr ny ilKI sI jo Bfrq ivruD BMzIpRcfr df koeI mOkf kdy ajfeIN nhIN sI jfx idMdf. aMgryjLI aKLbfr golb aYNz myl nfl kMm krdy ies pwqrkfr qoN sQfnk BfrqI BfeIcfrf sKLq pRysLfn ho igaf sI aqy BfeIcfry ny glob aYNz myl aKLbfr dy dPLqr sfhmxy keI mujLfhry kr ky jLuhyr ksLmIrI qoN inXfq pfeI sI. KfilsqfnI jQybMdIaF ny jLuhyr dI ies ikqfb nMU KUb pRcfiraf sI aqy izksI gurdvfry smyq kYnyzf qy amrIkf dy bhuq sfry gurdvfiraF ivwc ieh ikqfb hwQo-hwQI vycI geI sI. qrkhIx iQAUrI `qy kMm kridaF ksLmIrI ny eyar ieMzIaf bMb kFz df dosL Bfrq dI KuPIaf eyjMsI rfa `qy miVaf sI jo KfilsqfnIaF dy KUb iPt bYTdf sI.

    ijvyN pihlF iliKaf jf cuwkf hY ik ies bMb kFz kys ivwc ieMdrjIq isMG irafq nfm df vwKvfdI smrQk afpxf hwQ hox df iekbfl kr cuwkf hY aqy ajy vI jylL ivwc hY. pr sbMDq afrtIkl ilKx smyN ies swB kuJ df kYptn sfihb dy myjLbfn aKLbfr `qy koeI asr nf hoieaf aqy sfrI dI sfrI khfxI sfPLt tfrgt dy Edfly GuMmf ky bMb kFz vfsqy BfrqI eyjMsIaF nMU dosLI sfbq krn dI koisLsL kIqI geI. aKLbfr ies afrtIkl ivwc awgy ilKdf hY, BfrqI eyjMsIaF dI ies Kyz ny sIss (kYnyzf dI KuPIaf eyjMsI) dy aiDkfrIaF nMU eynf iTT kr rwiKaf sI ik kYnyzf dI ies KuPIaf eyjMsI aMdr rfa dy ivruD BfrI ros pYdf ho igaf sI. ies ikqfb dy hvfly nfl kYptn df myjLbfn aKLbfr awgy ilKdf hY, sIss df iek aiDkfrI pUrI gMBIrqf nfl ieh suJfE dyx qwk clf igaf sI ik jykr sfry mfmly nMU CyqIN sfPL krnf cfhuMdy ho qF ies qrF kro, vYnF lY ky ieMzIan hfeI kimsLn aqy torFto qy vYnkUvr ivcly ieMzIan kONslyt dy dPLqrF ivwc jf Dmko. sfiraF nMU vYnF `c quMn lE qy AuhnF dI Dr ky qPLqIsL kro. ieh sfnMU vI pqf hY qy Auh Kud vI jfxdy hn ik ies kfry ivwc Auh bfKUb sLfml hn. aMdrly sPLy `qy aKLbfr ies afrtIkl df sb hYizMg, kinsLk kFz df Epn sIkrt idMdf hY ijs hyT Auprokq sfrf kuJ ibafn kIqf igaf hY.

    lyKk dI jfxkfrI muqfibk Bfrq dI KuPIaf eyjMsI rfa iswDI Bfrq dy pRDfn mMqrI nMU juvfb dyh huMdI hY aqy Aus smyN Bfrq dy pRDfn mMqrI sRI rfjIv gFDI sn. ies df iewk mqlb ieh hoieaf ik eyar ieMzIaf jhfjL nMU rfa ny Bfrq dy pRDfn mMqrI sRI rfjIv gFDI dI sMBfvI jfxkfrI, sfijsL jF hF nfl qbfh kIqf sI aqy ies kfrn 331 kqlF ivwc sRI rfjIv gFDI BfgIdfr ho skdy hn.  eysy aMk ivwc KfilsqfnI lihr dy PfienFsr mMny jFdy qy bMb kFz `coN brI hoey irpdumn isMG milk df pwK dwsidaF ilKI rporitMg dy hYizMg ivwc aKLbfr ilKdf hY, hvflfq `c qF qyrf Bfxf mITf lfgY dy aihsfs nfl idn kwty :milk. ijLkrXog hY ik ies kys bfry ies iksm dI rporitMg torFto dy drjn qoN vwD pMjfbI aKLbfrF `coN isrPL do aKLbfrF ny hI kIqI sI aqy pihlf aKLbfr kYptn sfihb df torFto PyrI smyN bixaF myjLbfn aKLbfr sI aqy dUjf sRI hMsrf df sFJ svyrf aKLbfr sI. ies aKLbfr ny afpxy eysy aMk dy muwK pMny `qy iewk hor KLbr lfeI sI ijs df hYizMg ies qrF hY, KflVf kys dy vkIl nMU hux jfnoN mfrn dI DmkI kichrI `c hI imlI, torFto df iswK BfeIcfrf s: soZI dI mdd ivwc awgy afieaf. ieh qF kYptn sfihb hI jfxdy hoxgy ik AuhnF dy rfj ivwc iks iksm df iensfPL pMjfb dy lokF nMU idwqf jf irhf hY.  ajyhIaF hYWz lfeInF qy DuMdlIaF rportF iks iksm dy aMsrF nMU KusL krn leI lfeIaF geIaF sn ies df aMdfjLf sihjy hI ho jFdf hY.

    lyKk nMU kYptn dI PyrI qoN aYn pihlF imlI jfxkfrI muqfibk ies aKLbfr dI ies pwKpfqI rporitMg aqy ies adfry dI hMsrf aYNz kMpnI nfl nyVqf bfry vI kuJ sQfnk kFgrsI afgUaF ny pMjfb srkfr nMU agfAUN sUicq kIqf sI ieh jfxkfrI kYptn sfihb qwk awpVI jF nhIN ieh qF Auh afp hI dws skdy hn. hr adfry df afpxf afpxf njLrIaf huMdf hY qy ies ivwc koeI sLwk nhIN hY ik hr aKLbfr aqy mIzIaf adfry nMU ajLfdI nfl kMm krn df pUrf hwk hY pr nfl hI sMqulq rporitMg krn df PrjL vI juiVaf hoieaf hY. eyar ieMzIaf bMb kFz aqy 20 sfl bIq jfx `qy vI ies kys df iksy isry nf lwgxf kYnyzf dy BfrqI BfeIcfry vfsqy duwKdfeI Gtnf bixaF hoieaf hY aqy ies kFz bfry kYptn dy myjLbfn aKLbfr dI rporitMg jfiejL hwd qoN bfhr jfpdI hY. afpxy qfjLf 27 jUn dy aMk ivwc ies aKLbfr ny dfavy nfl ieh vI ilK idwqf hY ik kYptn dI izksI gurdvfry dI PyrI bfry gwl dI sLurUafq AuhnF ny buwDvfr 18 jUn dyr sLfm nMU kIqI sI jd ik kYptn sfihb izksI gurdvfry 20 jUn bfad dupihr gey sn. ies nfl ieh bhfnf vI gLlq sfbq ho jFdf hY ik izksI gurdvfry jfx df pRogrfm acfnk hI kuJ GMty pihlF bixaF sI. jUn 18 nMU gwl BfvyN kYptn dy stfPL nfl hI sLurU hoeI hovy ies dI sLurUafq ho jLrUr geI sI aqy ies aKLbfr muqfibk mOky `qy hfjLr BfrqI sPfrqI stfPL ny ies dI ivroDqf vI kIqI sI.

    20 jUn sLfm nMU hI kYptn sfihb aYm pI rUbI Zwlf vwloN idwqI geI rIsYpsLn ivwc sLfml hoey sn aqy ies smfgm ivwc hornF qoN ielfvf kYptn nMU iml skx qoN KuMJ gey kFgrsIaF ny vI AuhnF dy drsLn kr ley sn. bIqy vIh ku sfl qoN torFto ivwc afAux vfly BfrqI nyqfvF ny iewk suBfivk hI bxI rIq nMU apxfeI rwiKaf hY aqy ieh rIq hY iewQy vwsdy hr isafsI rMg dy BfrqIaF nMU imlx dI.  kFgrsI, akflI, kimAUinst qy Bfjpf dy torFto afey afgU aksr sfry akflI, kFgrsI, kimAUnist qy Bfjpf vrkrF nMU Kuwl ky imldy rhy hn qy sQfnk BfeIcfry ivwc BfrqpRsqI nMU bulMd krn ivwc Xogdfn pfAuNdy rhy hn.  ies df kfrn hfvI ho cuwky KfilsqfnIaF df sFJy qOr `qy mukfblf krnf sI ijhnF ny dhfkf Br ihwk dy jLor `qy iksy BfrqI afgU df kdy torFto ivwc svfgq nhIN sI hox idwqf. kYptn sfihb ny hr isafsI rMg dy BfrqIaF nMU idwl Kohl ky qF kI imlxf sI AuhnF qF afpxI pfrtI dy vrkrF nMU vI AuhnF dy svfgq ivwc rIsYpsLn dyx df smF nf idwqf pr KfilsqfnIaF nMU jwPIaF pfAuNdy rhy.

    21 jUn svyry kYptn sfihb torFto qoN sskfcUn huMdy hoey vYnkUvr phuMc gey aqy AuhnF vYnkUvr ivwc vI kFgrsI vrkrF qoN pfsf vwtI rwiKaf. bIqy idnIN kFgrs dI qrjmfn jYaMqI ntrfjn ny kYptn nMU sfPL brI kridaF ies nMU mfmUlI glqI qy mMdBfgf myl afiKaf hY.  qwQ ies nMU mMdBfgf myl (anPfrcUnyt srkmstFisjL) sfbq nhIN krdy aqy ies nMU mfmUlI glqI afKxf kYptn sfihb dy ruqby nfl myl nhIN KFdf. jy kYptn sfihb leI ieMJ krnf mfmUlI glqI mMinaF jf skdf hY qF ismrnjIq isMG mfn dy mfmly ivwc srkfrI kfrvfeI nMU jfiejL TihrfAuxf asfn nhIN hovygf.

    ivdysL afey afgUaF nMU pRotokol dy nfl nfl pMjfb, Bfrq aqy Bfrq dy sLihrIaF dy ihwqF nMU pihl dyxI cfhIdI hY. kFgrs hfeIkmFz ies nMU BfvyN mfmUlI Gtnf smJy pr kuJ svfrQI lokF dy Zfhy cVH ky Bfrq dy kOmI ihwqF nMU jfxy-axjfxy JrIt mfrn kfrn BfrqpRsqF `c kYptn sfihb df afpxf kwd nIvF jLrUr hoieaf hY. ieh vwKrI gwl hY ik KfilsqfnI kYptn qoN bfgo-bfg hn aqy kYptn dI zIPYNs ivwc ibafn dfgI jf rhy hn.

 

not:- lyKk bIqy swq sfl qoN torFto qoN pRkfsLq huMdy KLbrnfmf vIklI dy pirMt azIsLn df sMpfdk hY.

 

 

hux qwk KLbrnfmf dI vYWb sfeIt nUM pfTk vyK cuwky hn

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