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ਅਖ਼ਬਾਰ ਪੜ੍ਹਨ ਲਈ ਪੰਜਾਬੀ  ਫਾਂਟ ਇੱਥੋਂ ਡਾਊਂਨਲੋਡ ਕਰ

 

 

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ikho ijhf sI jIvn?

 

 

ikho ijhf sI jIvn Bfg pihlf (pI zI aYP PfrmYt)

 

Auto Biography Balbir Momi (Part 1) in PDF Format

 

 

1.

1947 dy afr pfr

 

ipCy muV ky vyKdf hF qF mn aqy soc dI sUeI 1947 dy afr pfr jf ky ruk jFdI hY. BulfieaF vI nhIN Buldf ik pfiksqfn bnx qoN pihlF aqy ipCoN df smF jdoN asIN bfr dy nvF ipMz, cwk nMbr 78, ijlLf sLyKUpurf ivc irhf krdy sF ijQy ijlLf aimRqsr dy ipMz nvF ipMz qoN AuT ky sfzy vzyiraF nUM aMgryjLF vwloN murwby imly hoey sn. aslIaq ieh sI ik muK qOr qy ieh murwby pihlF jMgl sn qy vzyiraF ny iehnF jMglF nUM bVI sKq imhnq kr ky sfP kr vfhI hyT ilaf ies ielfky nUM afbfd kIqf sI. aMgryjL hkUmq df vfDf ieh sI ik AuhnF ny ihMdosqfn dy ieiqhfs ivc pihlI vfr ies ielfky nUM nihrF kZ ky pfxI idqf sI. iehnF QfvF qy phuMcx leI rylvy lfeIn ivCfeI sI qy sVkF bxfeIaF sn. skUl qy hspqfl KolHy sn qy vzy vzy sLihrF ivc ibjlI ilaFdI sI. icwTI pwqr rfhIN iek dUjy qk suwK sFd jF koeI aPsos dI Kbr pucfAux leI zfkKfny qy qfr Gr KolHy sn. lokF dI jfn mfl dI ihPfjLq leI ieMzIan pYnl koz bxfieaf sI. jurmF nUM rokx leI polIs df mihkmf kfiem kr ky Qfxy bxfey sn qy iensfP pRfpq krn leI kortF kfiem kIqIaF sn ijQy POjdfrI qy dIvfnI mukdmy cldy sn. ies qrHF dy nvyN mihkmy bxf ky aqy POjI BrqI kr ky lKF lokF nUM rujLgfr muheIaf kIqf sI. BfvyN keI lokF nUM nOkrIaF iml geIaF sn pr nslI ivqkry kfrn ihMdosqfn dy lok aMgryjLF koloN afjLfdI chuMdy sn. aMgryjLF ny sfry Bfrq Auwqy krIb do sO sfl aqy pMjfb Auwqy krIb sO sfl rfj kIqf sI. pMjfb df rfj aMgryjLF ny iswKF qoN Koihaf sI jo mhfrfjf rxjIq isMG dI mOq qoN bfad hoeI afpo DfpI aqy KfnfjMgI kfrn pft gey sn. iswK rfj nUM sMBflx vflf koeI Xog iswK hukmrfn bfkI nhIN irhf sI. aQrIaF qy bylgfm POjF ny mhfrfjf rxjIq isMG dI imQI hwd twp ky aMgryjLF dI dyK ryK hyT vfly ielfikaF mudkI, PyrU sLihr (iProjL sLfh), sBrfvF afid QfvF qy aMgrjIL POj nfl lVfeIaF ivc hfr KfDI sI. Es vyly dy msLhUr sLfier sLfh muhmMd ny jMgnfmf iswKF aqy aMgryjLF ivc hoeIaF lVfeIaF aqy aMgryjLF dy pMjfb Auqy kbjLf krn df jo ihrdy vyDk ijLkr kIqf hY, Es vyly dy pMjfb nUM smJx leI ikqy vI nhIN imldf. 29 mfrc, sMn 1849 eI[ ivc aMgryjLF ny pMjfb Auqy kbjLf kr ky ies nUM ihMdosqfn ivc imlf ilaf. iPr Ayuh smF afieaf jdoN pMjfb aqy ihMdosqfn dy lokF ny hr qrHF dIaF kurbfnIaF aqy aMdolnF duafrf ibRtsL hkUmq nUM mjbUr kr idqf ik Auh ihMdosqfn nUM afjLfd kr dyx.

 

ieh Gtnf agswq 1947 dy muZly idnF dI hY. ajy pfiksqfn bxn df aYlfn nhIN sI hoieaf pr musilm lIzr muMhmd alI ijnfh dI mMg sI ik ihMdosqfn nUM afjLfd krn vyly muslmfnF dI vDyry vwsoN vfly ielfky vMz ky vKrf mulk pfiksqfn bxf idqf jfvy. ihMdU, iswK aqy musilm nyqf afpo afpxIaF ivcfrF lY ky mulk dy gory hfkmF agy lMmy smyN qoN afpxy pK pysL kr rhy sn. lfrz mfAUNt bYtn Es vyly sfry ihMdosqfn df gvrnr jnrl sI. ihMdosqfn dIaF irafsqF iks pfsy jfxgIaF, vrgIaF aiVcxF vI dysL dI vMz leI BfrI aiVkf bxIaF hoeIaF sn. Kcrf gorf idmfg BfvyN ihMdosqfn nUM afjLfdI dyx leI mjbUr ho cukf sI pr Auh ies qrHF dy hflfq pYdf kr ky mulk nUM afjLfd krnf chuMdf sI ijs dy syk nfl afAux vfly smyN ivc ies dysL dy lok kdy vI cYn nfl jI nf skx.

afKr ieMzIan ieMzIpYNzys aYkt 1947 anusfr ihMdosqfn dI vMz kr ky 14 agsq, 1947 dI rfq nUM sYNkiVaF virHaF dI aMgryjLF dI qy Aus qoN pihlF hoey musilm hukmrfnF ijvyN muglF, loDIaF, iKljIaF, quglkF, kuqbdIn aYbk, alqmsL, blbn, Kfndfny gulfmF, subkqgIn qy Ausdy puqr mihmUd gjLnvI, seIadF, muhmMd gOrI aqy iebn ibn kfsm afid dIaF Bfrq dy lokF vwloN smyN smyN hMZfeIaF luwtF aqy gulfmIaF qoN bfad  ihMdosqfn dy do tukVy kr ky mulk afjLfd kr idqf igaf aqy ibRtsL ieMzIan aYmpfier df aMq ho igaf. ihMdosqfn dIaF 562 rfijaF dIaF irafsqF ivcoN sB qoN vzI smisaf irafsq jMmU ksLmIr dI sI ijs df muKI ihMdU mhfrfjf hrI isMG zogrf sI aqy prjf vDyry qOr qy muslmfn sI. 1947 ivc ksLmIr dy mwudy nUM lY ky ieMzo pfiksqfn bx AuBrI lVfeI dohF mulkF dI vMz ivc iek aijhy jLihr aflUdf ikwl vFg Tuk ky bfkI rih geI jo ipCoN nfsUr df rUp Dfr ky rih geI.

 

vwZ twuk, Cury bfjLI aqy muslmfnF vwloN ihMdU iswKF aqy ihMdU iswKF vwloN muslmfnF nUM mfrn mrfn dIaF KbrF ipCly keI mhIinaF qoN afm bx ky rih geIaF sn. iksy iksy vyly gwzI ivc iek iPrky dy svfr sfry dy sfry musfPrF nUM vwZx dIaF KbrF vI af jFdIaF. aPvfhF aFdIaF ik jy muslmfnF dI vwZI gwzI aimRqsroN lfhOr vwl afAuNdI qF lfhOr vwloN ihMdU iswKF dI vwZI gwzI aimRqsr nUM Byj idqI jFdI. sLihrF ivc CurybfjLI dIaF KbrF lfhOr ryzIE qoN nsLr huMdIaF sn. sfzy ipMz nUM lgdI mMzI ZfbF isMG dy stysLn qy bloc imltrI ny gwzI KlHfr ky mMzI dy lokF qy aMnHy vfh golf bfrI kIqI aqy mMzI lwutI sI. mMzI ivc vDyry qOr qy ihMdUaF jF iswKF dI afbfdI sI. mMzI dy KwqrI, mhfjn qy aroVy bfl bwcy smyq mMzI Cz ky jfnF bcfAuNdy sfzy aqy lfgly ipMzF ivc pnfh lYx leI Bwj afey sn. keIaF ny sfzy ipMz dy gurdvfry jF sfzy GrF ivc zyry lf ley sn. lok sLrHy afm mMzI dIaF dukfnF ivcoN sfmfn cuk cuk ky iljf rhy sn qy AuhnF nUM rokx jF htkx vflf koeI nhIN sI. AujVI mMzI ivcoN lok vVyivaF dIaF borIaF ilaf ky afpxy psUaF agy sut rhy sn pr psU iehnF vVyivaF nUM mUMh nhIN lf rhy sn. ieQoN qk ik psUaF ny sfbq vZ ky ilaFdI crHI qy mwkI dy tFzy jo AuhnF agy suty jFdy sn, Auh vI Kfxy Cz idqy sn. mYN vI afpxy hfxIaF nfl Gr idaF qoN corI AujVI mMzI vyKx igaf kuJ ikqfbF qy kfpaF cuk ilafieaf.

 

ipsLfvr aqy rfvlipMzI dy iswK qy ihMdU ijnHF nUM Bfpy kihMdy sn, pihlF hI afpxy pRIvfrF nUM sfzy ipMz jF lfgly ipMzF ivc Cz gey sn qy ivc ivcfly cwkr mfrdy rihMdy sn. AuhnF nUM pqf nhIN sI ik sLyKUpurf ijlLf vI pfiksqfn ivc af jfxf hY. AuhnF df iKafl sI ik bfbf nfnk df nnkfxf aqy swcf sOdf ijLlf sLyKUpurf ivc hox kr ky ieh ielfkf pfiksqfn ivc nhIN afvygf. jd hwdbMdI ho jfvygI qy rOly gOly mTy pY jfxgy qF iPr afpxy ielfky jF GrF nUM prq jfvFgy.

 

vMz vyly myrI Aumr bfrF sfl qoN Auqy sI qy mYN ipMz dy Kflsf hfeI skUl dI aTvIN jmfq ivc pVHdf sF. grmIaF dIaF CutIaF kfrn skUl bMd sn. sfzI qy hYwzmfstr hrnfm isMG dy Gr dI kMD sFJI sI. sFJI kMD dy sfzy qy AuhnF vfly pfsy KurlIaF sn ijQy sfzy qy AuhnF dy psU mJF, gAUaF qy bld bJdy sn. Es vyly sfzy ipMz nvF ipMz, cwk nMbr 78 ijlLf sLyKUpurf ivc isrP iek ryzIE sI jo hYzmfstr hrnfm isMG dI bYTk ivc huMdf sI. sLfmIN ieh ryzIE bfhr QVHy qy ilaf ky myjL qy rK ky qy bYtrI ivc ryzIE df sivc aqy eyrIal dI qfr ryzIE ivc iPwt krnf myrf kMm sI. Es smyN sfzy ipMz qF kI mMzI ivc vI ibjlI nhIN sI afeI. ies leI ieh ryzIE lfgy rKI bYtrI nfl hI cldf sI. sLfmIN bYTk dy bfhr bxy QVHy qy pfxI iCVk ky mMjy zfh idqy jFdy qy ryzIE qy dyhfqI progrfm qy KbrF suxn vfly lok mMijaF qy af bYTdy. kuJ BuMjy vI bYT jFdy jF KVHy rihMdy. lfhOr qoN nsLr huMdf dyhfqI progrfm sB dI psMd sI. cfcf injLfmdIn nUM gwl bVI PurdI sI. ies dyhfqI progrfm ivc pMjfbI gfxy vI suxfey jFdy sn. kMD twp ky gulfbI Pwul qoiVaf afsLkF dy bfg dy ivcoN, ividaf nfQ syT df gfieaf inwkI jhI gwl dI khfxI bx geI-qyrI myrI Kyz sI ibgfnI bx geI, aqy sUhy vy cIry vfilaf mYN kihMdI aF, kr CqrI dI CF mYN CfvyN bihMdI aF afid Es vyly dy bVy msLhUr gfxy sn. kdI kdI hlf vI puqr bUitaf qy nfieb kotIaf Guimafrf kih algojy vjfAuNidaF qy jugnI kI kihMMdI af, vI suxfeI jFdI.

 

afKr 14 agsq, 1947 dI rfq nUM pfiksqfn bxn df aYlfn ho igaf. sfzf ipMz pfiksqfn ivc af igaf sI. sfry ipMz ivc snftf Cf igaf pr ieh dwsx vflf koeI nhIN sI ik hux asIN kI krnf hY. asIN afpxy ies ipMz ivc rihxf hY jF ieh ipMz Cz ky cly jfxf hY. vwZ tuwk dIaF KbrF ivc vfDf hoxf sLrU ho igaf sI. sKq grmI dy bfvjUd lok rfq nUM do do kmIjLF pf ky sONdy ik pqf nhIN ikhVy vyly Bwjxf pY jfxf hY. lfgly ipMzF ivcoN gizaF qy sfmfn lwdIN kuJ lok kfPly dy rUp ivc swcf sOdf kYNp vwl rvfnf hoxy sLurU ho gey sn. iehnF kfPilaF qy muslmfn lutyry hmly krdy, kqlo gfrq vI huMdI. nkdI, gihxy aqy sfmfn lut ilaf jFdf aqy keI vfr jvfn kuVIaF qy aOrqF vI Koh leIaF jFdIaF. jo mukfblf krdy, mfry jFdy. keI jvfn aOrqF jy koeI lfgy KUh huMdf qF Bj ky Es ivc CflF mfr dyNdIaF. rfq nUM ipMz ivc mrd hQF ivc brCy lY ky hmlfafvrF qoN bcfa leI pihrf dyNdy. muslmfn qylI qy sypIaF krn vfly kuJ hor grIb muslmfn iswKF qoN zrdy iek rfq ipMz Cz ky Bwj gey. mYN afpxf skUl vflf bsqf qy cfkU nfl lY ky sONdf ik jy rfq brfqy Bjxf pY igaf qF afpxIaF ikqfbF qF kol hoxgIaF.

 

afKr jd hflfq bhuq ivgVx lgy qy do vfr rfq nUM ipMz qy DfVvIaF ny hmly vI kIqy qF 3 sqMbr, 1947 dI svyr nUM sfzy ipMz dy lokF ny afpxy vzyiraF dI sKq imhnq nfl afbfd kIqI hoeI sFdl bfr dy muribaF dI jLmIn ivcoN afpxy hsdy vsdy Gr bfr Cz ky kfPly dy rUp ivc swcf sOdf kYNp ivc jfx df PYslf kr ilaf ijQoN BfrqI POj dIaF tukVIaF dI ihPfjLq ivc afpxy GrF qoN AujVy lok hOlI hOlI agy ryl gwzIaF, trwkF aqy kfPilaF dI sLkl ivc ihMdosqfn nUM jf rhy sn.

 

 

2[

 

AunIvIN sdI df aMq qy bfr df afbfd hoxf

 

bcpn dI avsQf ivc vzy vzyry disaf krdy sn bfr 1880-90 dy afs pfs afbfd hoeI sI. bhuqf ielfkf muK qOr qy jMgl sI qy ies bfr ivc tfvyN tfvyN jFglIaF dy ipMz sn jo bfr dy afidvfsI sn. AuNj iswK ivrkF, vVYcF, cIimaf, ciTaF afid dy purfxy ipMz vI sn jo bfr afbfd hox qoN pihlF dy eyQy rihMdy sn. bhuqy ipMz jFglI muslmfnF dy sn. iehnF dy rMg BfvyN kfly qy sOly sn pr iehnF dy ijsm dI cmVI afpxI iksm dI Bfa mfrdI sI. ieh gl kuVqf qy pYrIN jwuqI Gwt hI pfAuNdy sn. sfzy nvF ipMz cwk nMbr 78 lfgy msF mIl ku dI ivQ qy iehnF dy do ipMz mjOrF vflf qy goNdrFvflf vsy hoey sn. mjOrF vflf qF inrol jFglIaF df ipMz sI pr goNdrFvflf ivc kuJ Gr iswK ivrkF, vVYcF qy cIimaF dy vI sn. iehnF dy kwcy Gr bVy ilwpy pocy huMdy sn. ielfky ivc aMgryjLI df msLhUr mfstr ikrpfl isMG eysy ipMz goNdrFvflf df sI jo sFglf ihwl skUl dI nOkrI Cz ky sfzy ipMz dy Kflsf hfeI skUl ivc afx lwgf sI. mYN iehdy koloN pMjvIN qoN lY ky CyvIN jmfq qk aMgryjLI pVHI sI, swqvIN ivc sfzf aMgryjLI df mfstr bdl igaf sI. mfstr ikrpfl isMG koloN jo iek vfr aMgryjLI pVH igaf, Auh Aus nUM sdf Xfd krdf rihMdf sI. ieh gwl mYnUM kYnyzf afieaF kfmryz blrfj cImy ny vI dwsI ijs df ipMz sFglf ihwl lfgy ijLlf guwjrFvflf ivc pYNdf sI qy mfstr ikrpfl isMG Auhdf irsLqydfr lgdf sI. sLyKUpurf mugl bfdsLfh jhFgIr dy nF qy bixaf sI ijs nUM bcpn ivc ipafr nfl sLyKU kihMdy sn. sLyKUpurf pihlF ijLlf guwjrFvfly dI iek qihsIl sI pr 1920 ivc ieh pUrf ijLlf bxf idqf igaf sI qy nnkfxf sfihb qy rfvI kMZy visaf sLihr sLfhdrf ies dIaF qihsIlF sn. jhFgIr df mkbrf sLfhdry ivc hI hY aqy nUr jhF df kuJ htvF rfvI diraf dy aYn kMZy qy hY ijs dy Aupr dI ryl gzI lMGdI hY. ieQy 1955 ivc sLhIdy afjLm muhbq bUtf isMG AurP jmIl aihmd ny jlMDr lfgy dy iek ipMz ivcoN lfhOr pfiksqfn af ky afpxI musilm pqnI nUM dobfrf nf hfsl kr skx dy mukwdmy ivc hfr Kfx ipCoN gzI hyTF af ky KudkusLI kr leI sI. 

 

mhfrfjf rxjIq isMG dI mOq ipCoN pMjfb ivc iswK rfj dI hoeI aDogqI qoN bfad mudkI, iProjLsLfh, sBrfvF, cyilaFvflf afid dIaF iswKF aqy aMgryjLF dIaF lVfeIaF ivc Kflsf rfj dIaF bylgfm hoeIaF iswK POjF dIaF hfrF qoN bfad mfrc 1849 ivc pMjfb aMgryjLF dy kbjLy aDIn clf igaf. aMgryjLF ny pUry Bfrq qy lg Bg 200 sfl aqy pMjfb Auqy 100 sfl dy dy krIb rfj kIqf. jo kuJ aMgryjLF ny pMjfb nUM idqf, musilm hkUmqF kfiem hox qoN bfad aqy Es qoN pihlF dy ihMdU qy boDI rfijaF ny vI pMjfb df Auh kuJ nhIN kIqf jo krnf cfhIdf sI. aksr keI lok kihMdy hn ik aMgryjL pMjfb jF Bfrq nUM lut ky lY gey pr mYN kihMdf hF ik mulsmfn lutyiraF dy hmilaF qoN bfad eyQy luty jfx vflI ikhVI cIjL bfkI rih geI sI. ies qQ vwl ikAuN iDafn nhIN idqf jFdf ik aMgryjLF dy afAux qoN pihlF pMjfb dy iksy diraf Auqy koeI pul nhIN sI. koeI nihr nhIN sI. koeI rlyvy lfeIn nhIN sI. koeI zfkKfnf jF qfr Gr nhIN sI. koeI pwkI sVk nhIN sI. koeI ibjlI nhIN sI. koeI qihsIl bMdI, ijlLfbMdI, QfxfbMdI nhIN sI. jurm dI sjLf dyx leI koeI ieMzIan pYnl koz nhIN sI. rfjfsLfhI kfnUMn ivc rfjf jF Auhdy muKqfr jo sjLf iksy nUM dyxf cfhux, dy skdy sn. bwicaF dy pVHn leI koeI skUl isstm nhIN sI. koeI ividak kflj qy XUnIvristI nhIN sI. qflIm dyx vfly kuJ pMzq jF mOlvI hI sn jo sImq lokF nUM hI mMdrF msIqF ivc muK qOr qy mjLHbI qflIm dyNdy sn. nihrF kZ ky bMjr DrqI nUM pfxI dyxf qy nihrF, rylF aqy sVkF dy kMZy nvyN ipMz vsfx df kMm aMgryjLF dy idmfg dI kfZ hI sI. iPr ieh aMgryjL hfkmF dI soc sI ijnHF ny bfrF afbfd kIqIaF qy jFglIaF dy ielfikaF ivc nvyN cwk bxfey. ijLlf sLyKUprf, lfielpur, imMtgumrI, mulqfn, isaflkot afid ijLilaF ivc BfvyN iehnF cwkF nUM nMbr idqy gey pr eyQy af ky afbfd hox vfilaF ny afpxy ipCly ipMzF dy nF iehnF cwkF nfl joV ley ijvyN sfzy ipMz df nF cwk nMbr 78 sI pr bolx ligaF ies nUM nvF ipMz cwk nMbr 78 boilaf jFdf sI. ieh aMgryjFL dI kfZ sI ik AuhnF ny ijlLf aimRqsr, gurdfs pur, jlMDr, ropV, hoisLafrpur, luiDafxf afid dy ipMzF ivcoN ijnHF lokF nUM bfr dy ielfky ivc ilaf ky afbfd kIqf, AuhnF ivc ieko ipMz dy lokF nUM agy ieko ipMz ivc hI jLmInF idqIaF geIaF qF jo AuhnF nUM ipClf ipMz Cz ky iksy siBafcfrk sdmy df sfhmxf nf krnf pvy jo 1947 dI vMz qoN bfad AujV ky afey lokF nUM ieko ipMz ivc jLmInF alft nf hox kfrn hoieaf hY.

 

bfpU jI dsdy huMdy sn ik lfhOr qk ryl cl peI sI pr agy AuhnF dy vzyry bfr afbfd krn leI afpxy isrF qy afpxIaF gMZF cuk ky sLyKUpury qy lfielpur qk pYdl qur ky hI jfieaf krdy sn. iPr ijQy AuhnF nUM murwby alft ho jFdy, EQy JugIaF pf ky rihMdy qy idn rfq jMglF df vZ vZf krdy aqy jLmIn nUM vfhI hyT ilafAuNdy. ieh koeI sOKf kMm nhIN sI. ies jMglI ielfky ivc Es vyly swp aqy jMglI jIv bhuq sn. Kfs kr biGafV jo bMidaF df bhuq nuksfn krdy sn. pr jo bfpU disaf krdf sI, ieh sB kuJ mYN afpxy jnm qoN bfad nhIN qikaf sI. hF swp, lUMbV, jMglI ibwly qy igwdV KqfnF ivc keI vfr ids jFdy sn. sfzy kol 25 eykV df sflm sbUq iek murWbf sI ijs dI do hlF dI vfhI sI. sfrI dI sfrI jLmIn ijs ivc bMdf vZ ky bIj deIey qF Auh Aug pYNdf sI. sfrI jLmIn nUM nihrI pfxI lgdf sI aqy sfrI jLmIn vzI nihr dy kMZy dy nfl lgdI sI. nfl lgdI hor jLmIn Tyky jF ihwsy qy leI hox kfrn keI vfr hor hlF dI mMg pfeI jFdI sI. vzI nihr ivcoN inklI CotI nihr dy Kby hQ pYNdy pihly moGy df pfxI sfzI jLmIn nUM pYNdf sI. iek GMty ivc iek eykV Br jFdf sI. nwkf pUrn leI pfxI dy qyjL vhf kfrn keI vfr bfpU mYnUM nwky ivc ibTf ky pfisaF qoN khI nfl myry afly dvfly imwtI pfeI jFdf qy jdoN nwkf pUry jfx dy lfgy huMdf qF mYN ivcoN AuT KloNdf. nihr aqy sfzI jLmIn dy ivcHkfr sMGxy Kqfn sn ijQy kfny, byrIaF, mlHy, vxF, krIrF, ikwkrF aqy hor keI prkfr dIaF sMGxIaF JfVIaF AugIaF hoeIaF sn. ieQy idn vyly vI rfq vrgf hnyrf huMdf qy jy ikqy miKafl lhux, milHaF dy byr qoVn jF grmI qoN hPy zMgrF nUM afrfm kridaF bfhr kZx leI KqfnF dy ivc jfxf pYNdf qF srIr kMizaF nfl piCaf jFdf sI. iehnF KqfnF ivc miKafl vI bVy lgdy sn. iksy iksy vzy drKq nUM Aucf jf ky zUmnf vI lwgf huMdf ijsdf miKafl coxf bVf musLkl sI. grmIaF ivc mYN keI vfr afpxy hfx idaF nfl vwg dy rUp ivc afpxf mfl zMgr cfrn jFdf huMdf sF. KqfnF lfgy pYNdI eysy nihr ivc ijQy pfxI mYnUM zobU sI, mYN mwJF dIaF pUCF PV PV ky qrnf isiKaf sI. ieh nihr kfPI cOVI qy zUMGI sI ijs ivc myry bfpU dy pYr vI nhIN lgdy sn. iek vfr mYN mwJ dI pUC PV ky nihr dy dUjy kMZy jf lwgf pr mwJ pUC Czf ky vfps af geI qy mYN dUjy kMZy ibnF kpiVaF dy nMgf DVMgf bYTf zr irhf sF ik jy Cfl mfr ky dUjy pfsy jfx dI koisLsL kIqI qF nihr ivc bhuqf icr qr nf skx kfrn zub jfvFgf. afKr iek pTfn jo nihr kMZy bYTf inmfjL pVH irhf sI, ny mYnUM afpxI kMz qy cVHf ky nihr pfr krfeI qy agy qoN mYN shuM Kf leI ik muV ky ies qrHF mJ dI pUC PV ky vzI nihr ivc nhIN vVFgf.

 

sfzy murwby ivc pYNdy KflF dy kMZy myry bfpU aqy myry qfey ny loVINdI ivwQ Cz Cz ky aMbF dy bUty lfey hoey sn ijnHF dI igxqI do sO qoN vD sI. muwrby dy iek pfsy ijQy kvfxf qy psUaF leI KurlIaF qy tokf sI, eykV qoN vD dI sMGxI iJVI ivc tfhlIaF, qUq, sLihqUq, Pflsf, inky qy vzy (rfa) jfmnUM, inMbU, imTy, kyly, afVU, amrUd, nfKF, aflUcy, nfsLpfqIaF afid dy bUty sn ijnHF dI CfvyN grmIaF ivc mMjI zfh ky mYnUM pVHn df bVf svfd afAuNdf huMdf sI. nfl dI nfl ies Coty ijhy bfg dI rfKI vI hoeI jFdI sI. eyQy hI psUaF dy pfxI pIx leI iek inwkI jhI CpVI vI sI ijs dy iqMnIN pfsIN gulfbfsI dy Pwul lgy hoey sn. keI vfr sx vZ ky grHny vI iesy CpVI ivc dwb idqy jFdy aqy tfhlIaF dy moCy vI. ivrkF dy Kyq sfzy murwby dy nfl hox kr ky corI df bVf BYa bixaf rihMdf sI. ivrk BfvyN myry bfpU dy Xfr sn pr corI krn vyly Auh iksy dy Xfr jF irsLqydfr nhIN huMdy sn. psUaF dI corI dy eyzy mfihr sn ik psU df Kurf npxf vI aOKf ho jFdf sI.

 

ies bfr nUM afbfd krn vfsqy sfzy vzyiraF ny imwtI nfl imwtI ho ky bVI sKq imhnq kIqI sI. KulHy zuLlHy Gr, pkIaF bYTkF, KulHIaF hvylIaF, psUaF leI vKry koTy qy pqf nhIN hor kI kuJ bxfieaf hoieaf sI. sfry ijLlf sLyKUpurf ivc iqMn jF cfr hfeI skUl sn ijnHF ivcoN iek sfzy ipMz sI. iek sLyKUpury, dUjf nnkfxf sfihb qy iek sLfied sLfhdry sI. bfad ivc iek bfvf kutIaf cyqn dfs nF df hfeI skUl vI myrI vzI BYx dy ipMz injLfm pur lfgy KulH igaf sI. iehnF  cwkF ivc vDyry afbfdI kMboj brfdrI dI sI ijnHF df ipCf muK qOr qy ijLlf aimRqsr dy ipMz sn. ijlLf jlMDr ivcoN vI bfr bwJx vyly murwby imlx dy lflc ivc bhuq lok bfr ivc af ky afbfd ho gey sn. ies nUM sFdl bfr df ielfkf vI ikhf jFdf sI. afpxy vzyiraF dI afbfd kIqI bfr ijQy Auh 1880-90 dy drimafx af ky vsy sn qy Auh bfr dy ivsLysL siBafcfr dy jnm dfqy sn. ijs bfr ivc myrf amIr bcpn bIiqaf sI, ijs Gr ivc keI lvyrIaF mJF bJIaF huMdIaF sn aqy Gr dy kZy dysI iGE dIaF cftIaF qy pIpy Bry huMdy sn. ijQy pfxI dI QF duD pIx nUM qrjIh idqI jFdI sI. vgdI nihr dy kMiZEN bRhm bUtI dy pwqy qoV, bfdfmF qy imsLrI pf ky korI kUMzI ivc rgV qy goky duD ivc imlf ky bfpU qy mF mYnUM ipafieaf krdy sn ik myrI XfddfsLq qyjL ho jfvy. ijQy mJF dy zoky cuMGf ky myry bfpU aqy myrI mF ny mYnUM pfilaf sI qy mYN ipMz dy Kflsf hfeI skUl dI aTvIN jmfq qk pujf sF. dsvIN krn ipCoN bfpU mYnUM aYgrIklcr kflj lfielpur dfKl krfAux dIaF gwlF kiraf krdf sI jF vlfieq pfs krfAuux dIaF qF jo bfpU ipMz ivc lokF nUM afiKaf krygf ik myrf muMzf vlYq pfs af qy zI sI lgUgf. ijs bfr ivc gurU nfnk dyv df jnm asQfn nnkfxf sfihb qy swcf sOdf df gurdvfrf sI. ijQy mYN ipMzoN jF muribEN dOV lf ky eI swcf sOdf gurdvfry mQf tyk afieaf krdf sF. Es bfr ivcly afpxy ipMz, afpxy Gr, apxy murwby, afpxy bfg qy afpxy psU zMgrF nUM Cz ky jfx nUM idl nhIN krdf sI. vYsy qF bfpU ny keI kwuqy rKy hoey sn pr kfly rMg dy zwbU kwuqy df myry nfl bhuq ipafr sI. jd mYN skUl jFdf qF zbU myry nfl hI jFdf sI qy sfrf idn myry qwpV dy mgr eI bYTf rihMdf sI. pqf nhIN zbwU nUM kI ho igaf sI, ijQy psU pTy Kfxy Cz gey sn, Aus vI rotI KfxI Cz idqI sI qy keI vfr asmfn vwl mUMh Aucf kr ky AucI AucI roNdf sI. mYN AusdI kMz qy hQ Pyrdf qF Aus dIaF aKF ivc aQrU vyKdf. Aus nUM bukl ivc lY ky ipafr krn dI koisLsL krdf qF Auhdf vqIrf ies qrHF df sI ijvyN Auh jfndfr nhIN sgoN rbV df bixaf nklI kwuqf hovy.

 

afiKr bfr dy ielfky ivc vzy vzyiraF df vsfieaf hoieaf ieh Gr, aMbF dy bfgF vflf murwbf, Kflsf hfeI skUl vflf ieh ipMz ijQy mYN muZlI pVHfeI kIqI sI, Cz ky cly jfx df PYslf ho igaf qy rfh dy sPr leI ijQy pMjIrI afid bnfAux dI iqafrI hox lgI, EQy brCy, qlvfrF, nyjLy qy cfkU vI afpxI ihPfjLq leI jLrUrI sn. sB qoN vzf svfl ieh sI ik ikhVI cIjL nfl iljfeI jfvy qy ikhVI ipCy CzI jfvy. ies gwl df qF iksy nUM pqf nhIN sI ik kI asIN ieh afpxf ipMz sdf leI Cz ky jf rhy hF jF kuJ icr leI qy rOly gOly mTy pYx qy vfps prq afvFgy.

 

 

 

ivrkF df gvFZ qy CotI Aumry mMgxI

 

ieh gwl 1945 dI hY-

mF bfpU nfl aksr eys gwloN lV pYNdI ik sfzf murwbf ipMzoN bhuq dUr sI qy AhnUM iek hQ ivc lwsI df krmMzl PV qy poxy ivc vlyHtIaF qMdUry pkfeIaF rotIaF df Qwbf qy dfl sbjLI dy kwujy, isr qy cuwk ky iljFdI afrF dI Duwp cVH afAuNdI qy Auhdy isr ivcoN syk inklx lwg pYNdf. pihr rfq rihMidaF hflIN gey afQVI dIaF aFdrF BuwK nfl lUsx lwg pYNdIaF qy Auh bld KlHfr, Kfl dI vwt qy cVH, GVI muVI ipMz vwloN afAuNdI rotI ivMhdf. kuJ idnF ipCoN Auh murwibAuN eI ikDry nws jFdf qy bfpU koeI nvF kfmf rwK ky Auhdy Gr vfilaF nfl vhI qy ilKy ley idwqy dy ihsfb df Xwb pfeI rwKdf. iek nfmHf (hrnfm isMG) afQVI (kfmf) hI sI ijhVf kdy nhIN Bijaf sI qy AuhdI rotI nfl nhIN kIqI hoeI sI. AuhdI rotI AuhdI Gr vflI lY ky afAuNdI sI jo sfzf gohf kUVf vI krdI sI. dUjy murwbf dUr hox kr ky koeI idn KflI nf jFdf ijs idn koeI murwibAuN pwTy nf vwZ KVdf, mwkI dIaF CwlIaF nf BMn iljFdf. keI vfr KlvfiVaF ivcoN kxk dIaF BrIaF vI cuwkIaF jFdIaF, rUVI ivc dwby mwt iKskf ley jFdy, KurlIaF qoN zMgr vwCf vI KolH ilaf jFdf. ieh sB kuJ dUr murwbf hox kr ky hI huMdf qy myrI mF myry bfpU nfl lVdI qy iPr ivrkF gflHF kwZdI, ikAuN jo ivrkF dy murwby sfzy murwibaF dy nfl lwgdy sn qy ivrkF bfry mhUr sI ik ijhVf ivrk corI nf kry, rfb nf pIvy, Auh BfvyN ikMnI vI jfiedfd df mflk ikAuN nf hovy, Auhdy isr qy pwg nhIN sI bwJ skdI, Auhdf ivafh nhIN sI ho skdf.

myrI mF ivrkF gflHF kwZdI qy mYN ivrkF mn hI mn ivc koeI rf smJdf. afr mYN hfly dsF ku sflF df inafxf eI sF. bfpU bVy TrMHmy nfl mF smJfAuNdf:

 

"qY qF aYvyN lqr-lqr krn dI afdq af, dUr murwbf hoxf koeI mfVI gwl af? vwzy vzyiraF ny jdoN bfr afbfd hoeI qF jfx buwJ ky murwbf dUr ilaf sI, beI mfl zMgr murwby qIk jFdf rfh ivc hI cr cr ky rwj jfieaf krygf." bfpU dy eys arQcfry df mF qy koeI asr nf huMdf qy Auh Pyr ivrkF gflHF kwZx lwg pYNdI. ivrkF dI sfzy nfl vwt sFJI sI. ivrk sfzIaF CwlIaF BMndy, gMny cUpdy, rUVI ivc dwby mwt kwZ iljFdy, ivrkF dIaF GoVIaF KulHIaF sfzIaF pYlIaF ivc crdIaF qy keI vfr bfpU dy kuJ ivrk Xfr bfpU GoVI qy cVHf ky nfl eI lY jFdy qy bfpU jI keI keI idn ivrkF nfl Gr dI kZI sLrfb pINdy rihMdy qy mF afey bfpU nfl Pyr lVdI. ivrkF dy KulHy zulHy zyry sn. AuQy eI Auh GoVIaF bMnHdyy, mwJF bMnHdy aqy AuQoN eI mwJF co ky duwD dIaF blHxIaF isrF qy rwK ky GrF lY jFdy. ivrk, vVYc, cImy, cTy jo ivrk twpf kr ky jfxy jFdy sn, mwJF cuMG cuMG corIaF krdy, GoVIaF qy cVH dUr rfvI diraf dI kwCoN pfr qfeIN hwQ mfr afAuNdy. pRisD khfxIkfr kulvMq isMG ivrk df ipMz PulrvMn qy zI[ sI[ rhy kuldIp isMG ivrk df ipMz sfzy lfgy eI pYNdy sn.

 

jdoN bfpU ivrkF dy psU corI krn dy jyry dIaF gwlF krdf qy mYN sux sux ky u vI huMdf qy zrdf vI. sfzy murwby nfl lgdI ivrkF dI iek byrI bybhf byr lwgdy. bfpU keI vfrI mY mfl cfrdy Aus byrI dy byr Kuaf ky ilafAuNdy pr myrf zrdy df kdI iekwly df hOslf nf pYNdf ik ivrkF dI Es byrI dy imTy byr qoV ilafvF. jd kdI mYN iekwlf mfl cfrn jFdf qF kI mjfl jy iksy pU ivrkF dI hwd vI twpx dyNdf. sfzI iek gF bVI awKV qy mUMh or sI, Auh mYN mihrU nfl juwt kr lYNdf qy ieMj Auh vI afkI ho ky ivrkF dI hwd ivc nf jf skdI.

 

bfby nfnk dy nF qy bxy gurdvfry swcy sOdy dI mwisaf lgdI. mYN bfpU nfl mwisaf qy jFdf. Coty ijhy qlf ivc nhfAuNdf. bfpU qlI hoeI mCI dy pkOVy KvfAuNdf. BfvyN ies qoN bfad sfrI Aumr hjLfrF vfr mCI dy pkOVy KfDy hoxgy pr bcpn ivc KfDy AuhnF pkOiVaF df svfd kdy nhIN Builaf. bfpU Bkfxf lY ky dyNdf ijs nUM PlfAux leI myry mUMh qy glHF df sfrf jLor lg jFdf. mYN buZI mfeI df Jftf vI Kfx leI lYNdf. kdI kdI TMZy rsgwuly vI Kfx nUM imldy. pyNzUaF leI ieh bhuq vzIaF qy anmol sugfqF sn. bfpU keI vfr srks df Kyl vI vKfAuNdf jo swcf sOdf stysLn dy lfgy lgdI sI. sfrf ivrk twpf misaf qy iekwTf huMdf. ivrk duwD dIaF bfltIaF qy lMgr dI sfrI rsd lY ky AuQy phuMcdy. ivrkF df lMgr bVf mhUr sI. swcy sOdy dI mwisaf nhf ky jdoN ivrkF dIaF tolIaF GrF muVdIaF qF rfh ivc ijQy vI iksy df nyVy ipMz huMdf, AuQy eI Auh qfr iKwc ky gwzI KlHfr lYNdf. kdI iksy ivrk ny itkt nhIN sI leI. kdI iksy ivrk tI tI ny nhIN sI PiVaf. ivrk ibgfnIaF qIvINaF Bry myly ivc qy BrI gwzI ivc cUMZIaF vwZdy qy guafc jFdy. ivrkF dI hYNkV awgy sfrf ielfkf kMbdf sI.

 

myry dsF igafrF sfl dy bwcy dy mn qy ivrkF dI bhfdrI, dlyrI qy hYNkV df cMgf db-dbf pY igaf sI. kdI kdI koeI ivrk GoVI qy ciVHaf sfzy ipMz afAuNdf. vwzI sfrI pwg isr qy vlI huMdI. qyV lwk dI, KulHf bMd gly df kuVqf pfieaf huMdf. Auh awzI lfeIN GoVy bfrF QfxIN BjfeI quiraf jFdf. aYql aOql dI Auh koeI prvfh nf huMdI, BfvyN koeI Qwly afvy ipaf.

 

nfl idaF ipMzF coN ivrkF dy muMzy GoVIaF qy cVH ky sfzy ipMz dy hfeI skUl ivc pVHn leI afAuNdy qy skUl dI grfAUNz ivc GoVIaF crx leI KuwlHIaF Cwz dyNdy. hYWz mfstr keI vfr AUhnF rokdf. Auh pVHnoN ht jFdy pr afpxI afdqoN nf BONdy.

 

mYN ivrkF ivrk smJdf, jfxI dI ivrk bMdy nhIN sgoN kuJ hor sn. iek cOVy ckly srIr vflf buwZf ivrk ijs zorf zorf kihMdy sn, keI vfr iksfn kfnrMs qy sfzy ipMz afAuNdf. iek hwQ  kMn qy rwK dUjy hwQ ivc KUMzf PVI Auh styj qy cVH ky gfAuNdf,

muV asIN dy `c affdI c ilaf idaFgy qy Gr Gr `c muV c ibjlI dy lftU jgf idaFgy.

 

ihMdosqfn nUM aMgryjLF qoN afjLfd krfAux leI sfzy ipMz jlsy jlUs aksr huMdy rihMdy sn. jvfnI cVHn vyly bfpU ny akqUbr 1922 ivc aimRqsr lwgy gurU ky bfg dy morcy ivc atk jylH ivc kYd kwtI sI qy Aus qoN pihlF apRYl 1919 ivc ZfbF isMG rylvy stysLn rfiet kys ivc vI ihwsf ilaf sI ijs ivc qfey igafn isMG nUM pihlF PFsI qy iPr kfly pfxIaF dI sjLf hoeI sI. bfpU nUM isrP jurmfnf hoieaf sI. ies leI ipMz ivc bfpU nUM jQydfr kihMdy sn aqy bfpU afjLfdI lYx dy jlsy jlUsF ivc jLrUr sLfml huMdf sI.

 

vzI mF coN myrI ieko iek BYx bIbI jIq kOr ny ipMz dy lVkIaF dy skUl ivcoN cfr jmfqF pfs kr leIaF sn. hux Auh ivafhIaF jfx vflIaF afpxIaF shylIaF nfl PulkfrIaF kZxIaF, ksIdf kZxf, srHfixaF qy qoqy qy mor bnfAuxy qy drIaF buxnIaF iswK rhI sI. mlk pur vflI myrI BUaf afqo df myry bfpU nfl nfl bVf ipafr sI. mlk pur ijLlf sLyKUpurf aqy lfielpur dI hwd Auqy pYNdf sI. sLfhkot dIaF phfVIaF aqy sFglf ihwl ijQy iskMdr qy pors dI lVfeI hoeI sI, vI mlk pur dy lfgy pYNdy sn. BUaf ny myrI BYx df irsLqf ipMz njLfmpur dy hridq isMG dy muMzy Bgvfn isMG nfl kr idqf sI. BfvyN myrI mF dI myrI mqreI mF nfl nhIN bxdI sI aqy bVf klysL rihMdf sI pr vzI mF qy BYx bIbI jIq kOr mYnUM bhuq ipafr krdIaF sn. ijLafdf klysL rihx kfrn pMcfieq ny gurdvfry lfgy pYNdI hvylI qy DuwpsVI ipMz vflI jLmIn df Cotf totf AuhnF nUM dy idqf sI. gurdvfry mQf tykx igaf mYN aksr EDroN eI rotI Kf afAuNdf qy 1945 ivc jnmI myrI CotI BYx nUM iKzfAux leI vI mYN AuhnUM vzI mF qy bIbI dy hvfly kr afp muMizaF nfl gwulI zMzf jF iKdo KUMzI Kyzx Bwj jFdf.

 

1945 ivc jdoN mYN hfly pMjvIN ivc pVHdf sF, bVf kuJ hoieaf ijvyN bIbI jIq kOr df ivafh ho igaf. injLfmpury qoN jMj, tFigaF, gizaF aqy pYdl afeI. EdoN jMj nUM rfq rKx df irvfj sI. jMj df Auqfrf gurdvfry ivc sI qy ipMz ivcoN mMjy qy ibsqry iekTy kIqy jFdy sn. mMijaF qy ibsiqraF qy Gr vfilaF dy nF ilKy jFdy sn. ivafh ipCoN ieh sB kuJ vfps krnf pYNdf sI. sfry ipMz ivcoN do zMgF df duD vI iekTf kIqf jFdf. sfdgI nfl hoey ies ivafh dI cuPyry crcf sI ikAuNik dfj lYxf dyxf pMcfieq vwloN iblkul mnHF kIqf hoieaf sI. mhIny bfad muklfvf qorn vyly ipMz dI nYx dy nfl mYnUM vI BYx dy shurIN qoiraf igaf. BYx nfl Brf df jF iksy nyVy dy irsLqydfr df jfxf AuhnF simaF dy siBafcfry df jLrUrI aMg sI. ipCoN BfeIey Bgvfn isMG nfl sfrI Aumr myrf bVf ipafr irhf. BfeIey ny keI vfr AuhnF dy ipMz lfgy KulHy nvyN hfeI skUl kutIaf bfvf cyqn dfs ijQy sfzy ipMz vfly hfeI skUl df hYzmfstr vDfvf isMG jf lwgf sI, mYnUM afpxy kol rK ky EQy dfKl krfAux df jLor lfieaf pr sfzy afpxy ipMz ivc hfeI skUl hox kr ky myrI mF qy myrf bfpU nf mMny. mYN vI EQy jf ky bhuqf KusL nhIN sF. pr anoKI gwl jo vfprI, Auh ieh sI ik BfeIey ny mMzI ZfbF isMG dy prly pfsy pYNdy iek ipMz ijs df nF mqfbf sI, ivcoN afpxy irsLqdfrF dI iek kuVI nfl myrI mMgxI krvf idqI. Es kuVI df Brf arjn pMjvIN ivc myry nfl pVHdf sI aqy rojL dUroN pYdl pVHn afAuNdf sI. mYnUM eynf Xfd hY ik Auh bhuq gorf ictf qy sohxf sI qy myry hfx df sI. dUroN pVHn afey keI muMzy aksr afpxy bsqy sfzI Gr dI bYTk ivc rK jFdy qy svyry EQoN lY lYNdy. jd Es dI BYx ijs df nF svrnI sI, nfl myrI mMgxI ho geI qF Es idn qoN bfad Es ny sfzy Gr afpxf bsqf rKxf Cz idqf. myrI BYx kihMdI ik qyrI hox vflI vhutI mymF nfloN ijLafdf sohxI hY qy vzI ho ky Auhny bVI jvfn inklxf hY. mYnUM ies mMgxI dI koeI smJ nhIN af rhI sI ik eynI CotI Aumr ivc ikAuN myrI mMgxI kr idqI geI sI.

 

Gr dI bYTk ivc ivc myrI mF grmIaF dIaF dopihrF nUM crKf kqdI qy nfly myry ivafh dy gIq gfAuNdI. jdoN glolxafxIaF sfzy Gr mMgx afAuNdIaF qF AuhnF nUM bYTk agy bxy QVHy jF Gr dy ivhVy ivc ibTf ky myry ivafh dIaF GoVIaF suxdI. dfixaF nfl AuhnF dIaF JolIaF Br dyNdI. aMbF dy bUitaF nUM lwgy aMb jdoN afcfr pYx vfly ho jFdy qF swqF sflF qoN lgfqfr kMm krdy kfmy nfmyH dy isr qy aMbF dI borI rKvf ky afpxy bxn vfly kuVmF dy Gr ryloN pfr pYNdy ipMz mqfby Glvf dyNdI. iek vfr mYN ipMz DuwpsVI jo sfzy muribaF aqy sfzy ipMz dy ivckfr pYNdf sI, ivc bx rhy sfzy nvyN mkfn vyKx jf irhf sF ik svrnI qy Auhdf Brf, mYnUM acfxk twkr gey. mYnUM vyKidaF hI Ausdy Brf ny AuhnUM bFho iKicaf qy Bjf ky lfgy iek Gr ivc vV igaf. mYN eynf jLrUr vyK ilaf sI ik svrnI jo EdoN msF aTF nOvF sflF dI hovygI, vfikaf eI BYx jIq kOr dy dwsx anusfr vlYqI gwuzIaF vrgI suhxI sI. svrnI nUM vyKx df ijLMdgI ivc ieh myrf pihlf qy afKrI mOkf sI. 1985 ivc mYN svrnI qy khfxI ilKI sI ickV jo keI vfr CpI qy bhu crcq hoeI. ivafh qoN pihlF hox vflI vhutI nUM vyKxf bhuq burf smiJaf jFdf sI. ies gwl df pqf bfad ivc myrI mF nUM vI lwg igaf sI pr Es ny mYnUM kuJ nf afiKaf ikAuNik mYN ikhVf Aus nUM vyKx leI Auhdy ipMz igaf sF. ieh qF acfxk rfh jFidaF eI vfpr igaf sI. husn nUM smJx qy mfxn dI rmjL ajy myry aMdr nhIN sI jfgI. hF kfly gory rMg dI qmIjL df igafn jLrUr sI. mF ieh jLrUr chuMdI sI ik mYN jldI jldI jvfn ho jfvF qy Auh svrnI nfl myrf ivafh kr ky afpxI noNh nUM Gr lY afvy qy Auhdf ivhVf Biraf Biraf lgy pr mYN qF hfly msF dsF igafrF sflF df bwcf eI sF.

 

  

Aus idn qoN bfad

 

aMdfjLn myrf jnm sMn 1935 ivc irafsq PrIdkot hux ijLlf biTMzf lfgy iek pCVy ipMz ivc afpxy nfnky Gr mwGr dy mhIny ivc hoieaf. mF dsdI ik vIrvfr dI rfq nUM jdoN svyry 4 vjy idwlI qoN lfhOr nUM jfx vflI gwzI lMGI sI, myrf jnm Aus vyly df hY. vIrvfr jnm hox kr ky myrf nF blbIr isMG rK idqf igaf. mwGr mhIny df ikhVI qfrIK sI, ies bfry koeI pqf nhIN ikAuNik myrI mF nUM ds qoN agy igxqI nhIN afAuNdI sI. 1947 ivc pfiksqfn ivcoN AujV ky jdoN mYN sLivMdrf hfeI skUl goinafxf mMzI ivc aTvIN ivc dfKl hox igaf qF ipCly skUl dI pVHfeI df koeI srtIiPkyt nf hox kfrn jnm imqI puCI qF mYN afpxI mfVI motI smJ anusfr 20 nvMbr, 1935 ilK idqI. 1977 ivc jdoN pMjfb srkfr vwloN myrI izAUtI iek kyNdrI mMqrI nfl lwgI hoeI sI qF minstr stfP dy iek bhuq ijLafdf hoisaLfr krmcfrI qoN pqf lwgf ik vIrvfr qF 21 nvMbr, 1935 nUM pYNdf hY. 20 nvMbr, 1935 nUM qF buDvfr sI. ies leI shI jnm qfrIK df qF isrP mYnUM hI nhIN, Bfrq dI aDI afbfdI dy lokF nUM vI pqf nhIN hY.

 

bfpU ny afpxy bfr dy murwibaF vfly nvF ipMz cwk nMbr 78 ivc puqr jMmx dI bVI KusLI mnfeI. cOkIdfr vwloN ipMz ivc zONzI iptI geI. ipMz dy gurdvfry ivc pfT krfieaf igaf qy keI idn sfzy Gr ibn bFgy murgy qy dysI sLrfb dy dOr cldy rhy. myry iKafl ivc EdoN srkfrI sLrfb dy Tyky ikqy dUr dUr hI huMdy sn. mYN afpxy bcpn ivc kdI Tyky dI sLrfb nhIN vyKI sI. hF eynf ku Xfd afAuNdf ey ik kdI kdI sFglf ihwl Tfxy dI puls Gr dI sLrfb kZx vfilaF qy Cfpy mfrdI huMdI sI. bfpU qoN mYN keI vfr suixaf sI ik jykr Gr ivc rotI pkf ky Kfx dI KulH sI qF Gr dI sLrfb kZ ky pIx dI KulH ikAuN nhIN sI. iek vfr bfpU qy qfieaf rUVI ivc dwby mwt kZ ky ijnHF ivc ikwkrF dy swk, guV, ibn bFgy murgy, igrI, Cuhfry qy sOgI qoN ielfvf aMgUr vI suty hoey sn, nflF joV ky sLrfb kZ rhy sn. mYN sLrfb dI BwTI nUM kmfd dI KorI qy vylxy ivcoN kZIaF sukIaF pwCIaF df Jokf dy irhf sF. grm grm sLrfb qupkf qupkf kr ky inkl rhI sI. TMZI hox qy boqlF ivc pf leI jFdI sI. ivc ivc bfpU qy qfieaf iek iek hfVf qwqI sLrfb df vI lf lYNdy sn. iqMn ku pihly qoV dIaF boqlF iqafr ho cukIaF sn ik GoiVaF vflI puls df Cfpf pY igaf. bfpU ny BTI pYr mfr ky BMn idqI, nflF alg kr idqIaF. cuLlHf qoV idqf qy bfkI kuJ zolH idqf. bfpU qy qfieaf iek iek boql lY ky sMGxy kmfd ivcoN dI ivrkF dI jUh vwl nws gey. pqf nhIN Es vyly myry aMdr aYnI PurqI ikQoN af geI ik mYN iek boql ijs ivc pUry jLor nfl mwkI df guwl idqf hoieaf sI, kCy mfr ky kvfxy dy ipCly pfsy vfly vzy bohV qy gflVH vFg cVH ky Dur tIsI dy sMGxy piqaF vflI tihxIaF ivc luk igaf. puls vfilaF ny mYnuM Bjdy nUM qF vyK ilaf sI pr mYN ikQy Cpx CAUaf ho igaf sF, AuhnF nUM smJ nhIN af rhI sI. Auh Qly GoiVaF qy cVHy mYnUM, myry bfpU qy myry qfey nUM gflF kZ rhy sn. kuJ idnF bfad bfpU qy qfieaf ipMz dy nMbrdfr surYn isMG nUM nfl lY ky sFglf ihwl jf ky Qfxydfr dy pysL ho gey sn qy Qfxydfr nUM dysI iGE df pIpf dyx ipCoN AuhnF dI jfn Cut geI sI. mYN ijhVI boql bohV dy piqaF ivc luko ky bohV dIaF motIaF tihxIaF ivc lukf afieaf sF, ipCoN bfpU, qfey aqy nMbrdfr ny pihly qoV dI Auh boql bVIaF cuskIaF lY lY ky pIqI sI ikAuNik inwkI nihr dy pul lfigAuN nfmHy afQVI vwloN PVI murgfbI vI bfpU ny bVI rIJ nfl vDIaf msfly ivc BMunI sI ijs dy Ksqf mIt dIaF gwlF nMbrdfr surYn isMG dfrU pIx ipCoN bfr bfr kr irhf sI.

 

myQoN ipCoN do do sfl dI ivwQ qy hoey myry do Coty Brf ajIq qy mohn jo QoVHI QoVHI Aumr Bog ky mr gey sn. iek nUM TMZ lwgI sI Bfv zbl nmUnIaf hoieaf sI ikAuNik mYN BfvyN bhuq Cotf sF pr mYnUM eynf Xfd hY ik hkIm ny ikhf sI ik iehdy lfgy pfQIaF dI ag nf buJx idE. ieh TMZ dy Gr ivc jf cukf hY. hkIm dy idqy kusLqy vI AuhnUM bcf nf sky. dUjf Brf mohrky df qfp cVHn nfl mr igaf sI. AuhnF dy mrn qoN bfad mF AuhnF dy nF lY lY ky Aucy Aucy vYx pfAuNdI qy roNdI rihMdI. iek idn iek sMq bUhy qy bglI pfeIN KYr mMgx afieaf kih igaf bIbI hux mohn qy jIq ny nhIN muVnf, qUM Cyhrtf sfihb dIaF pMcmIaF suK. Gr agoN lMGx vfly rfhIaF pFDIaF nUM prsLfdf Ckfieaf kr. jdoN AUTF jF GoiVaF vfly lMGx qy qyry Gr agy ipwplF qy bohVF dI CF hyTF byjLbfinaF nUM GVI afrfm krn leI KlHfrx qF psUaF nUM dfxf pOxf qy pfxI iplOxf nf BulIN. qyry Gr aOlfd df Gftf nhIN rhygf.

 

ieh gwl 1944-1945 dI ho skdI hY. mYN bfpU qy mF mMzI ZfbF isMG dy rylvy stysLn qoN ryl gwzI PV ky lfhOr jFdy. mYN rfh ivc afAuNdy sfry stysLn igxI jFdf ijvyN bhflIky, swcf sOdf, cUhVkfxf, cIco kIaF mlIaF, sLyKUpurf, sLfhdrf, bfdfmI bfg, lfhOr afid qy ieh sfry stysLnF dy nF mYnUM jLbfnI Xfd ho jFdy. lfhOroN amRiqsr vflI gwzI pkV ky muglsrfey, mIaF mIr, atfrI qy Cyhrtf sfihb stysLn afid. gwzI aksr Cyhrtf sfihb nhIN KloNdI sI. aimRqsroN iPr Cyhrtf sfihb afAux leI lfhOr nUM jFdI pYisMjr gwzI PV ky Cyhrty af jFdy ijQy Cy mfhlF vflf KUh cldf sI qy CyvIN pfqsLfhI df gurdvfrf sI. mYN Qk jFdf qF bfpU mYnUM afpxy moiZaF qy cuwk lYNdf. ieMj moiZaF qy cVH ky mYnUM pMcmI df mylf vyKx df bVf svfd afAuNdf. mF poxy ivc asLnfn kr ky afpxI suKxf lfhux leI gurdvfry mQf tykx clI jFdI. mYnUM Cyhrtf sfihb df eyzf vzf KUh sohxf vI lgdf qy zfrfAuxf vI.

 

pMcmI nhf ky asIN iPr aimRqsr hirmMdr sfihb mQf tykx afAuNdy qy rfq srF ivc Tihrdy. iPr qrn qfrn vI mQf tykx qy asLnfn krn jFdy. qrn qfrn kMboaF df buMgf bixaf hoieaf sI ijQy sfzf pwkf itkfxf huMdf. myrf qfieaf igafnI igafn isMG ijs ny ZfbF isMG rfiet kys ivc pihlF PFsI qy iPr kfly pfxI sjLf kwtI sI, pfTI bx ky ies buMgy ivc rihx lg ipaf sI qy Auhny iek bVI KUbsUrq gorI icwtI KqrfxI nfl ivafh krvf ilaf sI. iPr Auh buMgf Cz bhfvlpur clf igaf ijQy Auhny kuJ jLmIn lY ky vfhI krnI sLurU kr idqI sI. AuhdIaF do kuVIaF iek myry hfx dI qy dUjI QoVHI CotI sI. afjLfdI GulftIaf hox kr ky AuhdI sfrI brfdrI ivc bVI kdr sI. jdoN kdy qfey df ieh prvfr sfzy bfr vfly nvyN ipMz afAuNdf qF keI keI idn sfzy Gr hI Tihrdf qy qfieaf qy bfpU mfstr suMdr isMG lfielpurI nfl jo sLrIky coN myry Brf qyjf isMG momI df shurf qy BfbI jIq kOr df ipqf sI, akflI kfnPrMsF ivc ihwsf lYx leI cly jFdy. qfeI df qy AuhdIaF kuVIaF df myry nfl bVf moh sI.

 

qrnqfrn asLnfn kr ky qy mQf tyk ky asIN afpxy ipCly nvF ipMz pYdl qur ky af jFdy. BfvyN eys ipMz ivcoN sfzy sLrIky dy ijLafdf kMbo bfr vfly ipMz nvF ipMz cwk nMbr 78 jf vsy sn pr kuJ Gr ajy eyQy rihMdy sn jo sfzI purfxI jLmIn Tyky qy lY lYNdy sn. ieMj do ku hPiqaF df gyVf kZ ky asIN iPr vfps afpxy ipMz af jFdy. iek vfr bfpU vfhI ivc ijLafdf rwuJf hox kr ky aimRqsr dI dIvflI qy sfzy nfl nf jf sikaf. sLfied ieh 1946 dI dIvflI sI. bfpU mF nUM kihx lgf ik hux qyrf muMzf isafxf ho igaf ey. qusIN dovyN mF puq cly jfE. mYN EdoN igafrF bfrF sflF dy ivcHkfr hovFgf. asIN cly qF gey pr jo mjLf bfpU nfl myilaF qy jfx df afAuNdf sI, Auh mF nfl jf ky nhIN sI. mYN jo mMgdf bfpU Auh lY ky dy dyNdf pr mF kuJ lY ky nf dyNdI. mF hr vyly GbrfeI hoeI rihMdI. dIvflI qy svyry svyry QoVHI QoVHI TMz ho jFdI sI. mF mYnUM aKF mldy nUM gurU rfmdfs srF coN AuTf ky jd ajy idn vI nhIN ciVHaf sI, asLnfn krn leI duK BMjnI byrI lfgy bxy jnfnIaF dy buMgy ivc lY vVI qy dbf db kpVy lfh ky qlf ivc vV geI qy mYnUM afpxy kpiVaF kol KVHf kr idqf. iek dm hI keI arD vsqr jLnfnIaF myrI mF dy gl pY geIaF qy AucI AucI kihx lgIaF, nI BYxy qyrf muMzf hux isafxf ho igaf af. iehnUM bfhr Klox leI khu qy mF ny mYnUM duK BMjnI byrI hyTF Klox leI kih qy ikqy guMm nf hox dI icqfvnI dy ky poxy ivcoN iek dm bfhr kZ idqf. BfvyN Auh asLnfn kr qy jldI kpVy pf ky bfhr af geI pr mYnUM poxy ivcoN bfhr ikAuN kZ idqf igaf sI. poxy dy aMdr kI sI? ieh Prk df pqf mYnUM Aus idn qoN bfad hI lwgf.

 

 

imwtI df qyl

 

ieh Gtnf 1946 dI hY. bfpU, mF aqy mYN qIrQ asQfnF dI Xfqrf kr ky aMimRqsr rylvy stysLn dy plytPfrm qy bYTy lfhOr jfx vflI gwzI df ieMqjLfr kr rhy sF. mYN plytPfrm qy peIaF gItIaF nfl Kyz irhf sF. bfpU mF nfl ivcfr kr irhf sI ik lfhOr vzy stysLn qy Auqr ky nO-lKf bfjLfr ivc pYNdy sLhIdgMj gurdvfry ijs ivc iek bhuq vzf KUh sI qy hjLfrF isMGF, isMGxIaF aqy bwicaF nUM qsIhy dy dy ky sLhId kIqf igaf sI. keIaF nUM ijLMdf Aus KUh ivc sut idqf igaf sI, dy drsLn vI kr clIey qy gurdvfrf zyrf sfihb ijQy gurU arjn dyv jI nUM qsIhy dy ky sLhId kiqf igaf sI aqy mhfrfjf rxjIq isMG dI smfD qy vI mQf tyk cwlIey jF lfhOroN lfielpur nUM jfx vflI mfVI ieMzs gwzI PV ky mMzI ZfbF isMG dy stysLn qy Auwqr ky iswDy ipMz phuMc jfeIey. ajy ieh slfhF ho hI rhIaF sn ik iek ap tU zyt srdfr ijs nfl AuhdI GrvflI vI sI. AunHF dy hQF ivc PlF dI tokrI aqy Joly sn, myry bfpU nUM afKx lwgf ik myrI jyb kwtI geI af qy asIN lfielpur jfxf ey. sfzy kol ikrfey leI pYsy nhIN hn. sfzy koloN ieh Pl lY lvo qy sfnUM kuJ pYsy dy idE. asIN lfielpur dIaF itktF KrId leIey. bfpU ny Es nUM koeI Twg smJ pYsy dyxo nFh kr idqI. ies gwl df myry bfl mn qy kfPI asr hoieaf aqy mYN lMmf smF ies Gtnf nUM Bul nf sikaf. myry iKafl anusfr Auh bMdf Twg nhIN sI qy vfikaf eI AuhdI jyb kwtI geI hoxI af. bfpU nUM Es nUM ikrfey leI mMgy pYsy jLrUr dy dyxy cfhIdy sn. jIvn ivc mYN jo pihlI khfxI TIk EvyN hI ilKI qy dsMbr 1950 ivc amr khfxIaF ivc CpI, df sbMD ies Gtnf nfl hI sI.

 

hF qF dUsrI sMsfr jMg qoN bfad imwtI dy qyl dI bVI ikwlq sI. vYsy qF ihMdosqfn ivc imwtI dy qyl dI ikwlq sdf hI rhI hY. jdoN imwtI df qyl iejfd nhIN sI hoieaf qy ibjlI vI nhIN sI afeI. aksr lok rfq pYx qoN pihlF Kf pI ky sON jFdy aqy svyry sUrj dI loa nfl AuT KloNdy. vfrs sLfh ny afpxy hIr dy msLhUr ikwsy ivc eysy leI iliKaf sI ik icVI cUkdI nfl jF qury pFDI, peIaF duD dy ivc mDfxIaF ny.  cfnx leI mom bwqIaF jF srHoN dy qyl df dIvf bfilaf jFdf ijs ivc rUM dIaF vwtIaF vwt ky pfeIaF jFdIaF. qyjL hvf cldI qF ieh dIvf aksr buHJ jFdf. gfxf bwqI bfl ky bnyry Auqy rwKdI hF, ikqy Bwul nf jfvy cMn myrf iehnF dIivaF dI Aupj hI hY. isaflF dIaF rfqF nUM Gr aMdr bxI dIvy vflI QF dIvy dI lft nfl kflI hoeI huMdI. keI vfr svyry nwk suxkidaF nwk ivcoN kflK inkldI. keI vfr iksy Kfs KusLI dy mOky qy iGE dy dIvy vI bfly jFdy. jdoN rfsDfrIey ipMz ivc rfs pfAux afAuNdy qF vVyivaF ivc qyl pf ky imsLflF jgfeIaF jFdIaF jo ncfrF dy ichiraF lfgy iljf ky AuhnF dy copVy muKiVaF nUM hor Auqyijq krdIaF. rfs pYx vyly jo Aus vyly dy nftk hI sn, kuVI df rol muMzy hI krdy sn pr muMizaF ny vhutIaF vfly kpVy pfey huMdy jo sLrfbI drsLkF nUM pihlF muMizaF qoN bxIaF kuVIaF kUly kUly muMzy lgdIaF pr ipCoN dfrU dI lor ivc af ky AuhnF nUM Auh muMzy kuVIaF lgx lg pYNdIaF qy AuhnF dy isrF qy aiTafnI jF rupeIey dI vyl krfeI jFdI. vylF vD cVH ky huMdIaF qy Enf icr nftk agy nf qurdf. keI vfr ies mOky zFgF, KUMzy aqy qlvfrF vI cwl pYNdIaF. KUn Krfby ho jFdy ijs kr ky sfzy ipMz dI pMcfieq ny PYslf kIqf ik agy qoN jdoN vI rfsDfrIey rfs pfAux leI afieaf krngy, AuhnF nUM ipMz qoN bfhr roVF vfly mYdfn ivc rfs pfAux idqI jfvygI nf ik ipMz dy ivcHkfr ijQy lokF qy prHy dy bYTx leI qKqposL pey huMdy sn.

 

grmIaF ivc jdoN pky zly df mylf lgdf qF nUM inwkI nihr dy kMZy qIaF vI lgdIaF. Gol, kusLqIaF qy kOzI vI pYNdI. vIxIaF PVn dy mukfbly vI huMdy. jvfn qyl mldy, bYTkF kZdy, zMz pyldy, vrjLsLF krdy qy grm grm pkOVy, lwzU, jlybIaF, PlUdf, brP dy goly, hdvfxy qy hor keI kuJ Kfx dIaF dukfnF lgdIaF. eyQy pwky zwly dy jMgl ivc inwkI nihr dy pul qoN DwupsVI jfx vfly phy dy muZ ivc pIrF PkIrF dy zyry sn ijQy hry coigaF vfly pIr PkIr glF ivc moty moty mxikaF dIaf mflF pf ky rKdy aqy iclmF dy sUty lfAuNdy. AuhnF dy vfl ipoCF nUM suty huMdy qy hfl Kyzy jFdy, kvflF dIaF tolIaF dy kvflIaF gfx dy mukfbly huMdy.

 

gwl cwl rhI sI ik sfnUM skUl dI pVHfeI krn leI rfq nUM lfltYn jF imwtI dy qyl df Cotf dIvf jgfAux leI imwtI dy qyl dI loV pYNdI sI. qyl df rfsLn sI aqy iesdI mnjLUrI qihsIldfr nUM arjLI dy ky iek boql imldI huMdI sI. qihsIldfr df dPqr sLyKUpury sI jo sfzy ipMz nUM lgdy rylvy stysLn mMzI ZfbF isMG qoN lfhOr nUM jfx vflI lfeIn qy pMjvF stysLn sI. mYN EdoN swqvIN ivc pVHdf sF jdoN mYN, ptvfrIaF df cMnI, rylvy stysLn qy kMm krdy bfbU df muMzf sqIsL, mfstr jgq isMG df muMzf jIq, AuWjl, dIpf ZfzI, muKf qy kuJ hor hfxI AurdU ivc imwtI dy qyl dI boql lYx leI drKfsq ilK ky ibn itkty gzI cVH ky sLyKUpry jf Auqrdy aqy stysLn qoN Bwj ky jf ky qihsIldfr dy pysL ho jFdy. stUzMt hox kr ky sfnUM imwtI dy qyl dI iek iek boql dyx df hukm arjLI Auqy ho jFdf. iPr ieh arjLI lY ky asIN Bwj ky qyl vfly zIpo qoN qyl dI boql Brvf ky vfps jfx vflI gzI PVn leI stysLn qy af jFdy. ijLafdf Bwj nwT ies leI huMdI ik vfps jfx vflI gzI lMG nf jfvy. keI vfr gzI lMG vI jFdI qy aglI gzI Cy GMitaF bfad rfq nUM afAuNdI sI qy ieh sfrf vkq stysLn qy gujLfrnf pYNdf sI. BfvyN boql nUM mwkI dy qwuky df gwul Psf ky bMd vI kIqf huMdf pr ies dOV Bj ivc keI vfr boql ivcoN ikMnf sfrf qyl zulH vI jFdf. ptvfrIaF dI bYTk ivc ijQy asIN rfq nUM pVHdy qy mMjy ibsqry vI EQy lfey huMdy, iek dUjy df qyl corI vI ho jFdf. lfltYn dI bwqI AucI nIvIN krnI jF icmnI sfP krn df kMm vI vMizaf huMdf sI. keI vfr jd qyl muk jFdf qF cMd jF qfiraF dI loa ivc vI pVHfeI krdy. aj dy aqy Es vyly dy smyN ivc ikMnf Prk sI. hux qF ipMzF ivc vI ibjlI dy lftU jg pey hn pr AuhnF simaF dy gvfcy nksL jo hnyyiraF ivc vI idsdy sn, hux dy Xug ivc aYny gvfc gey hn ik ibjlI dI qyjL rosLnI ivc vI nhIN idsdy.

 

hF ajy bfr vfly nvyN ipMz cwk nMbr 78 nUM Czx dI gwl cwl rhI sI pr hfly qk pfiksqfn bnx df aYlfn nhIN sI hoieaf. ijMnf icr aYlfn nhIN sI huMdf, Enf icr qk ieh pqf nhIN cl skdf sI ik sfzf ipMz iks pfsy vl jf irhf hY. nnkfxf sfihb gurdvfrf ijLlf sLyKUpurf ivc hox kr ky bhuiqaF df iKafl sI ieh ijLlf pfiksqfn ivc nhIN jfvygf. hYzmfstr hrnfm isMG dI bYTk agy bxy QVyH qy sLfmIN jdoN lfhOr qoN KbrF afAuNdIaF qF Auh ijLafdf vZ tuk, CurybfjLI aqy agF lwgx dIaF hI huMdIaF sn. afKr 14 agsq, 1947 dI rfq nUM ihMdosqfn nUM vMz ky afjLfd krn df aYlfn kr idqf igaf. sfzf ijLlf sLyKUpurf qF kI, lfhOr df ijLlf vI pfiksqfn ivc af igaf sI. rfvI aqy sqluj dirafvF nUM iksy hd qk kudrqI hwdF mMn ilaf igaf sI. sfry ipMz dy lokF dy isrF Auqy sO GVf pfxI df pY igaf sI. ieh ipMz Cz ky cly jfxf hY jF ieQy rihxf hY, iksy nUM koeI pqf nhIN lg irhf sI. lut Koh qy kqlo gfrq dIaF vfrdfqF ivc vfDf hox lg ipaf sI. lfgly ipMzF dy lok AuTxy sLurU ho gey sn aqy gizaF dy kfPly bxf ky kuJ bxy kYNpF vwl jf rhy sn aqy keI ihMdosqfn dI hd vl vD rhy sn. iehnF kfPilaF nUM rsqy ivc DfVvI lwut aqy mfr vI rhy sn . aOrqF vI KohIaF jf rhIaF sn.

 

agswq df sfrf mhInf bIq cilaf sI. ipMz ajy qk ieh PYslf nhIN kr sikaf sI ik hux kI krnf hY? eyQy rihxf hY jF ieh ipMz Cz ky cly jfxf hY. vZ twuk dIaF KbrF qyjL ho geIaF sn. sflm iswKF dy ipMzF qy blvy hox qy ag lfAux dIaF vfrdfqF ivc vfDy hox lg pey sn. pIqU luhfr dI BTI qy rojL ikrpfnF bnx ivc vfDf ho irhf sI. mYN vI afpxf kmfnI vflf cfkU jo mYnUM bfpU ny ipsLOr qoN lY ky idqf sI, sfx qy luaf ky iqKf kr ilaf sI qy hr vyly kol rKdf sF. rfq nUM grmI hox dy bfvjUd ipMz dy bfkI lokF vFg do do Jgy pf ky sONdf ik pqf nhIN ikhVy vyly Bjxf pY jfxf hY.

 

mMzI ZfbF isMG dy prly pfr mjLHbI iswK srdfrF dy swq ipMz sn jo AuhnF nUM pihly sMsfr XuD ivc ivKfeI bhfdrI sdkf imly sn. iehnF nUM jF iehnF dy prvfrF nUM POjI pYnsLnF vI imldIaF sn. ieh hQIN vfhI vI nhIN krdy sn aqy kfPI sLfhfnf jIvn ibqfAuNdy sn. bkry JtkfAuxy, murgy BuMnxy qy dfrU pIxI iehnF dy sLugl ivc sLfml sn. iehnF dy kpVy vI sfP Doqy hoey qy keI vfr pRYs kIqy huMdy sn. iehnF dIaF GrF vflIaF ijnHF dy rMg BfvyN QoVHy pky sn, pr mMzI ivc pUrf bx Pwb ky afAuNdIaF qy KUb KrIdo ProKq krdIaF. keI vfr myry bfl mn ivc afAuNdf ik ijvyN asIN grIb hoeIey qy ieh amIr hox. iehnF ivcoN keI jLmInF vyc ky vI Kf pI jFdy sn. iehnF ivcoN keIaF kol lfiesMsI qy nfjfiejL hiQafr vI sn aqy POjI ipCokV hox kr ky lVn mrn qoN nhIN zrdy sn. iehnF dy ipMzF ivcoN afvfjL af rhI sI ik asIN afpxy ipMz Cz ky nhIN jfvFgy aqy jy muslmfnF ny AuhnF qy hmlf kIqf qF pUrf zt ky mukfblf krFgy. pr iswKF dy pfiksqfn ivcoN inklx dI gfQf dy ivdvfn lyKk zf: ikrpfl isMG ny iliKaf hY ik iswKF dy pfiksqfn ivcoN inklx dy keI kfrn sn. sB qoN vzf kfrn pfiksqfn srkfr dI mMd Bfvnf sI. pCmI pMjfb dy gvrnr sr PrFiss mUzI ny pfiksqfn dy gvrnr jnrl muhMmd alI ijnfh nUM iliKaf, iswK BfvyN iksy qrHF vI pfiksqfnoN jfx, AunHF qoN CyqI qoN CyqI Cutkfrf pfAuxf chuMdf hF ikAuNik iswKF kr ky amn BMg huMdf sI. dUjy lfrz mfAUNt bYtn dy cIP afP stfP lfrz iesmyN ny disaf ik AunHF bhuq jLor lfieaf ik ijnfh ibafn dyvy ik pfiksqfn iswKF df vI Enf hI hY ijMnf muslmfnF df pr ijnfh nf mMinaf. ijnfh kihMdf sI ik ik iswK pfiksqfn nUM nhIN mMndy, ies leI AuhnF nUM koeI irafieq nhIN idqI jf skdI.

 

afKr pihlI sqMbr, 1947 nUM bfpU ny pMcfieq ivcoN af ky PYslf suxf idqf ik svyry sfiraF ny iek do idnF ivc afpxy Gr bfr aqy ieh ipMz KflI kr dyxf hY. ipCoN KflI ho rhy iswKF aqy ihMdUaF dy ipMzF ivcoN afAuNdy kfPilaF dy nfl afpxy gzy rlf ky scy sOdy bxy kYNp pujxf hY. ies kYNp ivc ihMdU iswKF dI ihPfjLq leI ihMdosqfnI POj dy kuJ dsqy mOjUd hn jo kYNp dI rfKI krdy hn. ieQoN agy hOlI hOlI trwkF aqy gwzIaF ivc lokF nUM ihMdosqfn pucfieaf jf irhf hY.

 

 

  

 

3 sqMbr, 1947 nUM ipMz Czx df drdnfk hfl

 

mF ny mJF dy glF ivcoN rwsy KolH idqy qy bVy Bry mn nfl ikhf, jfE BlIE loko ijDr mrjLI jfE, ijDr quhfzf jIa krdf, clIaF jfE, quhfzf sfzf irsLqf Kqm. mJF ny mF dI gwl nf mMnI, ijvyN gYbI qOr qy psUaF nUM pYx vfly ivCoVy df pqf keI idn pihlF hI lwg igaf sI. Gr df gohf kUVf krn vflI grys kol KVHI sI qy myry nfl bcpn ivc Kyzx vflf Ausdf muMzf hlIm vI jo kdI kdI sfzf mfl zMgr cfrx jfieaf krdf sI. kihx lwgI, srdfrnIey iek mJ mYN lY jfvF. mF kihx lwgI sfnUM GroN bfhr ho lYx dy jo mrjLI lY jfvIN. asIN Biraf Brfieaf Gr Cz ky cwly aF. mwJF dIaF aKF ivcoN aQrU vg rhy sn ijvyN AuhnF nUM vI ies pYx vfly ivCoVy df pqf lg igaf sI. mYN zwbU kwuqy dI ipT qy hQ Pyr irhf sF pr Auh agoN pUC nhIN ihlf irhf sI. kukVI ny aFizaF ivcoN inkly Coty Coty botF vrgy cUicaF nUM afpxy KMBF Qly lukf ilaf sI. pqf nhIN kI hoieaf ik zwbU aqy dUjy kwuqy asmfn vwl mUMh kr ky AucI AucI rox lg pey. bfpU ny bfhr gwzf ilaf ky KVHf kr idqf. rfqo rfq bxfieaf pMjIrI df pIpf qy Kfx pIx df sfmfn gzy ivc rK idqf. afty ivc duD qy guVH guMnH ky kfPI sfry prOTy pkf ley sn. rfsLn pfxI qy Gr df hor sfmfn ijMnf ku gzy qy lidaf jf skdf sI, lwd ilaf. ijLafdf drIaF, ivCfAuxy, srHfxy, cfdrF qy Kys sn. bfpU ny kuJ psUaF dy lwkF dvfly rjfeIaF vl ky AuqoN rwsy bMnH idqy sn. keI mhIinaF qoN sfzI bYTk ivc ipsLOroN af ky rihMdy BfipaF ny myrI mF dy bfr bfr mnHf krn dy bfvjUd afpxf kfPI sfmfn vI sfzy gwzy qy lwd idqf. Gr ivc sfmfn eynf ijLafdf sI ik keI gizaF ivc vI nhIN af skdf sI. sfzy nfl lgdy dIpy ZfzI dy Gr dy bfhr vI AuhnF df gwzf sfmfn nfl Biraf ipaf sI. iehI dIpf ZfzI ipCoN pVH ilK ky sfzy mfJy vfly ipMz nvF ipMz ivc bhuq sfl Kflsf hfeI skUl df kfmXfb ipRMsIpl irhf qy hux Pqihpur rfjpUqF ipMz ivc buZfpy dy rMg mfx irhf hY. pfiksqfn ivc rih igaf Kflsf skUl purfxI kmytI dy mYNbrF vwloN eys ipMz ivc KolH idqf igaf sI. BfdoN df mhInf hox kr ky grmI vI bVI sI qy lgfqfr mINh pYNdy rihx kfrn ijQy bhuq cumfsf lwgf hoieaf sI, EQy KoBf vI bVf ho igaf sI. hYzmfstr hrnfm isMG ny gl ivc pTfxI bMdUk pfeI hoeI sI qy GoVHI qy cVH bfjLfr ivc GoVI GumfAuNdf hmlfvrF dI ibVk rK irhf sI. afpo afpxy gizaF kol KVHy ipMz dy bhuqy lokF dy hQF ivc brCy qy qlvfrF sn jo hmlf hox dI sUrq ivc AuhnF ny bcfE leI vrqxIaF sn. ieh vI suxn ivc af irhf sI ik ijQy muslmfn DfVvIaF ny nOjvfn iswK kuVIaF Kohx dI koisLsL kIqI sI, EQy AuhnF dy ipEvF jF jvfn BrfvF ny afpxy hQIN AuhnF kuVIaF nUM vZ idqf sI qF jo Auh jLflmF dy hQIN jf ky Kvfr hox qy muslmfn bxn qoN bc jfx. lfgy dy iek ipMz ivc ieMj vI hoieaf sI ik rOlf pY igaf ik ipMz qy muslmfn imltrI afx peI hY aqy mukfbly leI iqafr ho rhy iswKF ny afpxIaF kuVIaF vZ ky KUh ivc sut idqIaF. mgroN Auh imltrI vfly gorKy aqy ihMdU POjI inkly jo Es ipMz dy iksy rsUK vfly ihMdU prvfr nUM afpxI ihPfjLq ivc ieMzIaf iljfx leI afey sn.

 

ipMz dy gurdvfry ivcoN bVy adb nfl gurU gRMQ sfihb dIaF bIVF ilaf ky, ardfs kr ky sfzy Gr lfgly KUh ivc jl prvfh kr idqIaF sn. mjOrF vfly dy jFglIaF df kfly rMg vflf muslmfn cODrI vI hQ ivc bMdUk lY ky af igaf sI qy pky zly vfly srkfrI bMgly df muslmfn zfktr vI ipMz vfilaF nUM alivdf kihx leI afpxy rYly sfeIkl qy quiraf iPrdf ipMz Cz ky jf rhy lokF nUM iml irhf sI. jFglI muslmfn cODrI kih irhf sI ik Auhdy huMidaF quhfzy qy koeI muslmfn hmlf nhIN krygf qy jy koeI aijhf krygf qF Auh Auhdy koloN bc ky nhIN jfeygf. Auh ieh vI kih irhf sI ik cfr idnF df rOlf gOlf Kqm hox qoN bfad qusF sfiraF vfps GrF nUM prq afAuxf hY. pr kOx jfxdf sI ik rfjLI bfjLI vsdy ihMdosqfn dI eys vMz ivcoN bxy nvyN mulk pfiksqfn ivcly ies ipMz nfloN kuJ GVIaF plF ivc sdf leI nfqf tutx vflf sI. keIaF ny rfh ivc lutyiraF qoN luty jfx dy zroN nkdI qy jLyvr kMDF ivc afly bxf ky, KurlIaF jF cwkI dy puVF hyTF QF put ky sFB idqy sn ik jdoN iPr afvFgy qF kZ lvFgy. ipMz DupsVI vfly qfey sMqf ishuM ny pihly qoV dIaF kZIaF Cy boqlF nlky dy cobcy lfigEN kyilaF nUM jFdy pfxI vfly pfsy khI nfl zUMGI QF put ky nwp idqIaF sn ik TMZ Tukr hox qy jdoN vfps af jfvFgy qF iPr XfrF dIaF ZfxIaF ivc bYT ky pIaFgy. sfzy srIky dy bhuqy Gr ijvyN qfieaf sMqf ishuM, prym ishuM, Aujfgr ishuM, cfcf igafnI sohn isMG afid ny ies nvyN bxy ipMz DupsVI ivc mkfn bxf ley sn. ies ipMzoN AuhnF dy murwby nyVy pYNdy sn. asIN vI ies ipMz nvyN mkfn pf ley sn pr bfpU kihMdf sI ik jdoN qk mYN dsvIN pfs nhIN kr lYNdf, nvyN ipMz hI rhFgy. muMzf ikQoN svyry svyry DupsVI qoN qur ky skUl jfieaf krygf. nvF ipMz bhuq vzf ipMz sI qy ies qoN pihlF eysy ipMz ivcoN iek hor ipMz cor kot vI bJ cukf sI. PotogrfPr pwqrkfr aqy smyN ihMdI dy aYzItr vjoN kYnyzf ivc Cf cuikaf kMvljIq isMG kMvl vI ipCoN iesy ipMz df sI ijQy ies df ipqf aTvIN qk myry nfl pVHdf irhf sI. iesdy vzyry aqy pRo: zf: prkfsL isMG jmU jo pMjfbI XUnIvristI pitaflf qoN rItfier ho ky hux kYnyzf sYtl ho gey hn, iesy ipMz dy sn qy iesdy krIbI irsLqydfr sn, EQy sfzI BUaf bIbI BfnI dy prvfr ivcoN sn.

 

sfmfn nfl nko nk Biraf gwzf qurx lwgf qF iksy nUM koeI pqf nhIN sI ik 1890 ivc bfr afbfd hox vyly bJy ies ipMz dy lok sdf leI KyrUM KyrUM ho jfxgy aqy ijLMdgI ivc muV kdI vI iekTy nhIN ho skxgy. iPr kdI iek dUjy nUM iml vI nhIN skxgy qy sTF-swqr sflF ivc bfr dy ielfky ivc pYdf hoieaf iek nvF siBafcfr sdf leI smfpq ho jfvygf ijs ivc ihMdU, iswK, muslmfn, eIsfeI qy ipMz dy kmI kmIn iekTy ho vsdy sn qy iek dUjy dI KYr suK dy BfeIvfl sn. gwzf ajy ipMz dy bfhrvfr CpV lfgy eI pujf sI ik clHy ivc aYsf KuiBaf ik muV nf inkilaf. grmI dy mfry psU CpV ivc jf vVy sn. Kfs kr ijnHF dvfly rjLfeIaF lpyt ky rwsy bMnHy hoey sn. myrf swjf pYr gfry ivc eynf ijLafdf KuB igaf ik jdoN mYN pYr bfhr kiZaf qF bUt Qly eI rih igaf sI. dUjf pYr kZx lgf qF Aus pYr vflf bUt vI Qly gfry ivc nipaf igaf. EDroN muslmfnF dI vfhr vwloN awlf hU dy nfary mfridaF hwlf krn dIaF aPvfhF af rhIaF sn. aKIr bfpU ny gwzf sxy sfmfn hI EQy Cz idqf qy asIN pfxI ivcoN dI qurdy, izgdy ZihMdy DuwpsVI vfly rfh qy af pey cfcy igafnI sohn isMG hI hvylI koloN swjy jFdy rfh qy muV ky kfPly ivc jf rly. hornF lokF dy gwzy vI icwkV ivc Ps gey sn qy Auh vI jo hQ ivc cuikaf jf skdf sI, cuk ky pYdl swcy sOdy nUM jFdy kfPly ivc rlx dI koisLsL kr rhy sn.

 

mYN afpxI ZfeI sfl dI CotI BYx rxjIq nUM kuCV cuikaf aqy mF ny Es qoN CotI 21 idnF dI CotI BYx iCMdo nUM. bfpU ijs dIaF grmI kr ky aKF duKx afeIaF hoeIaF sn, ny pMjIrI vflf pIpf isr qy cuikaf hoieaf sI. nvyN ipMz ivclf Biraf Brfieaf Gr, mwJF gfeIaF qy bldF dIaF joVIaF, kxk qy CiolaF dIaF BrIaF borIaF qy BVoly, dysI iGE dy joV joV ky Bry pIpy aqy cftIaF, vzI nihr dI vKI coN Kby inkldI CotI nihr coN Kby pfsy inkldy pihly vzy moGy vflI jLmIn ijQy pfxI df jLor aYnf ijLafdf sI ik GMty ivc ikwlf Br jFdf sI. Biraf Brfieaf bfg qy Aus ivc aMbF qoN ielfvf lgy  anykF PlF dy vKoy vKry drKq, sB kuJ Cz ky hux ieh sfzf inwkf ijhf prvfr kfPly ivc rlx leI Es swukI zMzI qy quiraf jf irhf sI ijQy agy myrf ipE, ipCy mF, DI nUM gl nfl lfeIN mF tur rhI sI. EhnF ipCy ZfeI sfl dI CotI BYx nUM moiZaF qy cuk qy ikqfbF vflf bsqf gl ivc pfeIN nMgy pYrIN mYN qur irhf sF. grm DrqI nfl pYr sVdy sn qy kMzy vj vj ky pYrF ivcoN lhU vgx lg ipaf sI. keI mIl qur ky jd ieh kfPlf iek rfq leI ivrkF dy iek ipMz ivc ruikaf qF AuhnF ny AujV ky af rhy lokF dy Kfx pIx leI lMgr lf idqy. rfq jdoN AuhnF dy GrF dIaF CwqF qy asIN ijLMdgI ivc pihlI vfr BuMjy suqy qF myrI mF ny kMzy vj vj ky myry lhU luhfx hoey pYr ijnHF ivc Dupy qurn nfl Cfly vI ho gey sn, afpxIaF glHF nfl lf ley. AuhdIaF aKF dy aQrU myry lhU luhfn pYrF nUM Do rhy sn. iPr Auh Bry Brfey Gr nUM Czx dy gm ivc vYx pfAux lg peI. Es anpVH aOrq ijs nUM ds qoN agy igxqI nhIN afAuNdI sI, nUM kI pqf sI agy afAux vfly idn hor vI ikMny ku iBafnk hoxy hn. aj dI rfq qF ivrkF vVYcF dy ipMz ivc Kfx leI rotI qy lMmy pYx leI koTy dI Cwq iml geI sI. agly idn qF AuhnF ny vI sfzy kfPly dy nfl eI rl ky gurU nfnk dyv dy gurdvfry swcy sOdy ivKy bxy ihMdU iswKF dy kYNp leI sfzy nfl eI rvfnf ho pYxf sI. rfq nUM gBrU ivrk ikrpfnF qy brCy lY ky jfgdy rihx dIaF afvfjLF lfAuNdy ipMz ivc pihrf dyNdy rhy. agly idn EQoN svyry kfPlf iPr cilaf qF sLfm qk swcy sOdy qoN AurHF iek hor ipMz dy gurdvfry ivc af Tihiraf.

 

swcf sOdf kYNp dy ihMdU iswKF Auqy bloc imltrI vwloN aMDf DuMd PfieirMg

 

gurU nfnk dyv dy gurdvfry swcf sOdf ivKy bxy kYNp ivc lokF dy kihx suxn anusfr Gto Gwt 10 lK qoN vD AujVy qy byGr hoey amIr grIb ihMdU aqy iswK lokF df kYNp lwgf hoieaf sI. ies dI ihPfjLq bhuq QoVHy ijhy BfrqI POj dy mulfjLm kr rhy sn. cUhVkfxy vflI vzI nihr qoN lY ky bhflIky stysLn vwl nuM jFdI rylvy lfeIn dy dohIN pfsIN mIlF qk BuK nfl ivlkdy lok ijnHF ivc bwcy, aOrqF, jvfn aqy bjLurg sLfml sn, BuMJy jLmIn qy bYTy hoey sn. iksy iksy ny cfr zFgF bMnH ky grmI, Dup aqy mINh kxI qoN bcx leI Aupr cfdrF qfxIaF hoeIaF sn. iehnF lKF lokF dI rotI pfxI jF suriKaf df iksy hkUmq vwloN koeI pRbMD nhIN sI. QoVHy ijhy BfrqI POj dy mulfjLm kYNp dvfly kdI kdI cwkr mfrdy pr AuhnF dy jfx ipCoN muslmfn lutyry kYNp Auqy hmlf kr ky pnfhgjLInF nUM lutdy, mfrdy qy jo kuJ vI hQ lgdf, lY jFdy. keI vfr AuhnF muslmfn hmlfafvrF ivcoN kuJ mukfbly ivc mfry vI jFdy. pfiksqfn dI nvIN bxI hkUmq vwloN koeI vI aijhf ilKqI hukm nhIN sI ik ihMdUE aqy iswKo, qusIN ihMdosqfn df klyjf cIr ky bxfey gey nvyN mulk pfiksqfn ivcoN inkl jfE pr hukm qF Es hvf df sI ijs ivc jLihr Gul igaf sI ik ies nvyN bxy mulk pfiksqfn ivc ihMdU aqy iswKF leI isrP do hI rsqy sn ik jy jfnF bcfAuxIaF hn qF cly jfE nhIN qF mfr idqy jfEgy. hflFik ijs DrqI qy pfiksqfn bixaf sI, Es DrqI qy rihx vfly ihMdU iswKF df vI Enf eI hwk sI ijMnf muslmfnF df sI. Bfv jy ihMdosqfn ivc muslmfn rih skdy sn qF pfiksqfn ivc ihMdU iswK ikAuN nhIN rih skdy sn pr ivc ivc isafxy gwlF krdy ik ijnfh aMdroN iehI chuMdf sI ik ieh lok dPf ho jfx aqy nvyN bxy pfiksqfn leI koeI Kqrf nf pYdf krn aqy pfiksqfn df amn cYn Krfb nf hovy.

 

mfry jfx, lwuty jfx qy ipMzF nUM awgF lf ky sfVy jfx dIaF KbrF hux JUTIaF nhIN rih geIaF sn. jo zrdy mfry jF afpxIaF jfiedfdF dy lflc ivc muslmfn bx ky EDr rih gey sn, ipCoN suxn ivc afAuNdf irhf ik AuhnF df jIvn vI sOKf nhIN irhf sI. AuhnF nUM nv muslmfn ikhf jFdf sI qy AuhnF nUM bhuq nPqr dI njLr nfl vyiKaf jFdf sI. BfvyN AuhnF nv muslmfnF ivcoN keI do do vfr mky df hwj vI kr afey sn pr hfly vI AuhnF nUM kfPrF dI aOlfd hI disaf jFdf sI. AuhnF nfl irsLqy nfqy krn leI vI koeI iqafr nhIN huMdf sI. AuhnF dIaF jvfn ho rhIaF kuVIaF nfl muslmfn pirvfrF dy muMzy qF ivafh krn leI iqafr ho jFdy sn pr iehnF nv muslmfnF nUM Auh afpxIaF kuVIaF dy zoly dyx leI iqafr nhIN sn. ies qrHF pfiksqfn ivc ies nvIN iDr nv-muslmfnF hoNd ivc afeI ijs ivc Auh ihMdU aqy iswK lok sn jo kfPilaF ivc rl ky ihMdosqfn nf afeyy aqy afpxIaF jLmInF- jfiedfdF dy lflc ivc AuhnF mjLHb bdl ky pfiksqfn ivc rihxf hI kbUl kr ilaf.

 

ijLlf sLyKUpurf dy swcf sOdf kYNp ivc ijQy lok ihMdosqfn jfx dy cwkr ivc ijLMdgI aqy mOq nfl Gul rhy sn, aksr BuKy Bfxy jLmIn qy sONdy, pIx leI pfxI vI nhIN sI. jy lfgy vgdy iksy sUey ivcoN pfxI lYx jFdy qF Es sUey ivc pfxI Gwt qy lhU luhfx lfsLF, ml mUqr qy gMdgI dy Zyr ijLafdf huMdy. keI vfr ipafs nfl mrdy lok ies qrHF dy gMdy qy lhU imly pfxI df Gwut hI Br lYNdy. mYnUM isr nhfqy nUM pqf nhIN ikMny idn ho gey sn. myrI pwg duafly cfr sotIaF bMnH ky kuJ CF kIqI hoeI sI. kdI kdI bfpU hor jvfn lokF nfl rl ky lfgy pYNdy ipMzF ivcoN iksy Krfs qoN aftf ipsvf ky jF rotIaF pkvf ky ilafAuNdf qy asIN lUx dIaF zlIaF jF afcfr nfl Auh axcopVIaF rotIaF cwb lYNdy. bhuq idnF qoN jLmIn qy sOx aqy nf nhfAux kfrn ipMzy qy Kurk ho geI sI aqy isr ivc jUMaF pY geIaF sn. isr dy vfl sfDUaF dIaF jVfvF vFg juVny sLurU ho gey sn. KFdy pINdy Gr dy iek sfZy bfrF sfl dy bwcy leI ijs dI mF jdoN Auhdy mUMh nfl duwD df glfs jF CMnf lfAuNdI sI qF Auh nKry krdf duD nhIN pIaf krdf sI qy kihMdf huMdf sI ik mF jfh qyrIaF mJF Bj jfx jo qUM mYnUM bDo bDI dwuD ipafAuNdI hYN. hux ieh ikho ijhf jIvn qy ikho jhy idn af gey sn ik duD qF ikQoN vyKxf sI, pIx leI pfxI vI nhIN imldf sI. lfgly sUieaF jF KflF dy pfxI mnuKI lfsLF, KUMn qy ml mUqr nfl Bry pey sn. swcy sOdy gurdvfry dy agy bxy Coty ijhy qflfb ivc ijQy kdy misaf nhfAux igaF bVy cfa nfl tuBIaF lfeI dIaF sn, hux Auh pfxI eynf gMDlf ho bo mfrn lg ipaf sI ik Es ivc AuNgl vI zboxI musLkl ho geI sI.

 

cUhVkfxy vflI vzI nihr ivc vI kdI kdI ruVHdIaF afAuNdIaF lfsLF idsdIaF sn pr bhuq cOVI nihr hox kr ky iPr vI ies df pfxI sfP sI. ieh nihr bVI dUr pYNdI sI. iPr pfxI ilafAux leI BFzf vI koeI nhIN sI. eyzy vzy kYNp ivc ipMz dy iksy sLrIky dy bMdy jF qfey cficaF nUM lBnf vI bVf musLkl ho igaf sI. hr iek nUM afpo afpxI peI sI qy hr koeI kYNp dy ies nrk ivcoN ijLMdf bc ky CyqI qoN CyqI ihMdosqfn phuMcxf chuMdf sI. kdI kdI iek do trwk jF iek do gwzIaF afAuNdIaF pr AuhnF ivc cVHnf koeI afsfn kMm nhIN sI. keI lok gzI cVHidaF Dkm Dky qy bhuq ijLafdf BIV hox kr ky mfry jFdy sn qy AuhnF dIaF lfsLF bfhr sut idqIaF jFdIaF sn. bjLurgF nUM gzI cVHfAuxf bVf musLkl sI. iek idn qfieaf sMqf ishuM qy BfAU qfrf isMG kYNp ivc iml gey. AuhnF qoN pqf lgf ik injLfmpur vflf BfeIaf Bgvfn isMG qy bIbI jIq kOr df twbr kYNp dI AuwqrI bfhI lfgy bYTy hn aqy ipMzoN afpxf gwzf qy kuJ sfmfn vI lY afey hn. BfAU qfrf isMG kihx lgf ik ihMdosqfn ivcoN iksy iksy idn gwzI swcf sOdf stysLn qy afAuNdI hY qy jy afpF rylvy lfeIn dy lfgy jf ky bih jfeIey qF gzI ivc cVHnf sOKf ho jfvygf. bfpU nUM AuhnF dI skIm TIk lwgI qy asIN rylvy lfeIn dy lfgy zyrf lfAux df ierfdf kr ilaf. mYN qy BfAU qfrf isMG jo mYQoN Aumr ivc kfPI vzf sI, rylvy lfeIn lfgy koeI QF vyKx gey pr EQy qF sUeI rKx nUM vI QF nhIN sI. kurbl kurbl krdy kIVy mkOiVaF vFg lok CyqI ihMdosqfn phuMcx dI afs ivc ryvy lfeIn dy afs pfs qy dUr dUr qk QF mwlI bYTy sn. ies leI PYslf hoieaf ik ijQy trwk afAuNdy sn, EQy koeI itkfxf vyiKaf jfvy. ieh QF cUhVkfxy vflI nihr dy lfgy sI ijQy ihMdosqfnI POj dy kuJ ispfhIaF df itkfxf vI sI ijnHF kol bMdUkF sn jo Auh kYNp ivc afey sLrnfrQIaF dI ihPfjLq leI vrqdy sn. AuhnF ny sfnUM iek vzy drKq hyTF bYTx leI QF dy idqI. kdI kdI lohy cInI dy kwpF ivc cfh vI ipaf dyNdy. ieQy jd kdI koeI trwk afAuNdf pr awK dI PurqI ivc Br jFdf qy asIN Es ivc svfr nf ho skdy. sB dy hOsly qy lwk twuty hoey sn qy ihMmq jvfb dy cukI sI. bfpU dIaF aKF TIk hox ivc nhIN af rhIaF sn. dvf dfrU df koeI ieMqjLfm qF ikDry irhf, mr igaF leI PUkx df vI koeI ieqMjLfm nhIN sI

 

qury iPridaF mYN iek idn kYNp ivc BfeIey Bgvfn isMG qy vzI BYx bIbI jIq kOr nUM lB ilaf. AuhnF ny gwzy df aglf pfsf Aucf kr ky CF bxfeI hoeI sI qy Auqy Kys qfxy hoey sn. kYNp ivc gwzy jo ky phuMcy kfPly rfhIN pujx kfrn AuhnF kol sfmfn vI ijLafdf sI. BfeIey hurIN cfr jvfn Brf hox kfrn qkVy vI sn qy ajy AuhnF df ipE mfsV hridq isMG vI ajy cMg Blf ipaf sI. Auh afpxy gwizaF qy hI ihMdosqfn jfx dI soc rhy sn pr rsqy ivc hmlfafvrF df zr eynf ijLafdf sI ik vzy kfPly bgYr jfxf bVf musLkl sI. AuhnF df iKafl sI ik aimRqsr phuMc ky afpxy purfxy ipMz injmLfpur cly jfvFgy ijQy AuhnF dI purfxI QoVHI jhI jLmIn vI sI aqy purfxf inwkf ijhf kwcf Gr vI sI. aimRqsroN cOk mihqy nUM jFidaF nON ku mIl dUr ieh ipMz Pqihpur rfjpUqF sjy qy ieh KbI vwKI ivc pYNdf sI.

 

BYx mYnUM glvkVI ivc lY ky rox lg peI. iPr Es myry leI do rotIaF pkfeIaF qy dysI iGE nfl copV ky aDf ku cmcf dysI iGE df dfl ivc pf ky myry agy Kfx leI rK idqf. BfeIaf jo aksr mYnUM bhuq ipafr kiraf krdf sI, Auhdy ipMz igaF afAux nhIN idMdf sI, bVy gusy nfl myrI BYx vwl vyK irhf sI. AujfVy coN pYdf hoeI qMgdsqI dy ies mOky qy jdoN ikqoN pfxI vI pIx leI nhIN imldf sI, Auhny afpxy inky vIr nUM copVI rotI qy dfl ivc iGE pf ky dy idqf sI. gwusy ivc af ky Auhny Auhdy lwk ivc lwq mfrI qy Auh izg peI. sqMbr 1947 dy byGry jIvn dy idnF dOrfn BfeIey nUM ies qrHF df ciVHaf guwsf nf mYN Aus idn qoN pihlF kdy vyiKaf sI qy nf hI kdy ipCoN vyiKaf pr ies Gtnf nUM nf mYN hI sfrI Aumr Buwl sikaf aqy nf hI myrI vzI BYx. bury idn iksy bMdy df sfrf sMquln ikvyN Krfb kr dyNdy hn. by Gry hox qoN bfad gurU nfnk dyv jI dy swcy sOdy kYNp ivc hoey ies vqIry ipCoN ies qrHF dy hor swc vyKx leI ajy sfrI Aumr bfkI peI sI.  

 

bVI ihMmq kr ky iek idn asIN rylvy lfeIn dy lfgy QF lBn ivc kfmXfb ho gey qy Es gwzI df ieMqjLfr krn lgy ijs ivc cVH ky ihMdosqfn phuMcxf sI. jdoN koeI gzI lMGdI qF lok Bj ky gzI ivc cVHn leI rylvy lfeIn dy vD qoN vD nyVy hox dI koisLsL krdy.  keI vfr gzI nf rukdI qy agy lMG jFdI. keI gzIaF Bfrq dy muslmfnF nUM lY ky af rhIaF huMdIaF qy kYNp lfigEN lMGidaF Auh awlf hU akbr dy AucI AucI nfary mfrdy qy lfeIn lfgy ihMdU iswKF vwl mUMh kr ky Qukdy. keI mfl gzIaF lMGdIaF jo swcf sOdf stysLn qy KVHIaF nf huMdIaF.           ieh bVI avfjLfrI qy lfcfrI dy idn sn ijs ivc pl ivc hI kI ho jfxf hY, koeI pqf nhIN sI. iek idn iek gzI afeI qy Es ny kYNp koloN lMGidaF afpxI rPqfr mTI kr leI. lok ies iKafl nfl ik gzI rukidaF hI cVH jfvFgy, vfho dfhI gzI vwl nUM Bjy pr gzI ivc svfr bloc imltrI ny kYNp qy aMDf DuMd golIaF dI buCfV kr idqI. kuJ imMtF sikMtF ivc hI hjLfrF lok mfry qy jLKmI ho gey. keI psUaF dy golIaF lgIaF qy Auh vI mr gey. do jnfnIaF cwkI pIh rhIaF sn qF golIaF AuhnF dohF nUM cIr ky agy qk lMG geI. iek cwkI dy puVF ivc lwgIaF golIaF nfl cwkI dy puV pft gey. sfry kYNp ivc hfhfkfr mc geI. asIN rylvyN lfeIn qoN bhuqI dUr nhIN bYT sF. ieh rwb df Bfxf sI ik sfzy afsy pfsy golIaF lwgx nfl anykF lok mry pey sn qy keI jLKmI hoey krfh rhy sn pr asIN bc gey sF.

 

  

tryn tU ihMdosqfn

 

swcf sOdf kYNp ivc hI iek idn bUtf jflI iml igaf ijsdf sfzy Cz afey ipMz nvF ipMz cwk nMbr 78 ivc ByzF aqy bwkrIaF df vfVf sI. inwkf huMdf keI vfr mYN ByzF dI mYN mYN qy bwkrIaF dy mimafAux dIaF afjLvF suxn leI bUty jflI dy vfVy ivc jLrUr jFdf huMdf sF. ByzF dy CwqiraF aqy bwkrIaF dy pToiraF aqy lyilaF dIaF kUlIaF kMzF qy hQ Pyr ky mYnUM bVf svfd afAuNdf. keI vfr bUtf jflI myry mUMh ivc bkrI dy QxF ivcoN duD dIaF DfrF vI mfrdf pr mYnUM ieh duD Kfrf lgdf. ieh DfrF keI vfr myrIaF awKF ivc vI vwj jFdIaF pr bUtf jflI kihMdf ieh cMgIaF hn, ies nfl aKF duKx nhIN aONdIaF. lokIN aKF duKx qy keI vfr bwkrI dy dwuD ivc Pyhy iBEN iBEN ky vI aKF qy bMnHdy jF ies dIaF pwtIaF krdy hn. iek mfrU pTory nfl bUtf jflI myrf isr BVfAuNdf qy kihMdf ik ies nfl myrf mQf mjLbUq ho jfvygf qy ijLMdgI ivc jy mYN iksy dy twkr mfrFgf qF myry isr nUM kuJ nhIN hovygf. dUroN pTorf Bwj ky afAuNdf qy agoN mYN Auhdy agy afpxf mQf kr dyNdf. asIN iek dUjy nfl mQy BVfAuNdy. jd ies gwl df pqf myrI mF nUM lwgf qF Aus ny bUty jflI nUM AulHfmf idqf ik bUitaf myry poh ijhy muMzy df mQf pToiraF nfl iBVfAuNdf eyN, jy iehdf mQf pft igaf qF iPr kI hovygf. pr mYN vyiKaf myrf hfx dy muMzy aksr bUty jflI dy vfVy ivc jf ky pToiraF nfl mQy iBVfAux qyy twkrF mfrnIaF isKdy sn. vzI Aumr dy keI muMzy jo Blvfn bnxf chuMdy sn, Auh keI vfr vzy bok ijnHF dy glF coN lUlHF lmk rhIaF huMdIaF, nfl vI mQy BVfAuNdy sn. milHaF, byrIaF, qUqF qy ikwkrF CFgx vfly lMmy ZFgy nfl ijs dy agy dfqr lgf huMdf, bUtf jflI rwuKF dIaF kUlIaF krUMblF CFg ky bwkrIaF qy ByzF nUM crn leI dyNdf. ikwkrF dIaF bcIaF tfhxIaF dIaF asIN dfqxF bxf lYNdy. Auhdf iewjV aksr sfzy murwby dy nfl lgdy KqfnF ivc crdf rihMdf qy grmIaF ivc keI vfr mYN vI afpxIaF mJF df vwg Auhdy iewjV nfl rlf ky cfiraf krdf sF qy doiphrF nUM asIN vzI nihr coN inklI inkI nihr dy kMZy ijQoN sfzy murwibaF nUM moGf inkldf sI, iek vzI tfhlI dI CfvyN vwg bhf ky bkrI dy dwuD vflI guV dI cfh bxf ky pIaf krdy sF. lfgy dy Kyq coN qfey dy bIjy hdvfxy vI qoV ky Kf jFdy BfvyN ieh hdvfxy Dwup nfl qpy hoey huMdy aqy pky nf hox kr ky aMdroN lfl vI nf hoey huMdy.

 

bUty jflI df ivafh nhIN hoieaf sI pr bwkrIaF dy duwD aqy ByzF dI Aun dI AuhnUM cMgI kmfeI sI. ijnHIN idnIN Auhny koeI Byz muMnxI huMdI qF Auh Byz nUM Zfh ky AuhdI Aun lhuMdf qy asIN Byz dIaF cIkF qy aVft sunx leI vfVy dy bfhrlI kMD lfgy KVHy vyKdy huMdy. keI vfr Auh sfzy Gr af ky rotI Kf jFdf. kYNp ivc Auh vI sfzy vFg iqMnF kpiVaF ivc hI quiraf iPrdf sI qy jd sfnUM iml igaf qF bVf KusL hoieaf qy kihx lwgf cMgf hoieaf ik afpxy ipMz df koeI vfkPkfr qF iml igaf. Ausdf ihMdosqfn ivc koeI nhIN sI qy AuhnUM ieh vI pqf nhIN sI ik ikQy jfxf hY. Auh sfzy lfgy hI itk igaf qy kdI kdI iswKF dy Czy lfgly ipMzF ivc AuhnF ipMzF dy kYNp ivc af ky itky iswK gBrUaF nfl jf ky rotIaF pkvf ilafAuNdf. Es ipMz dy muslmfn kmI kmIn ajy vI ipMzF ivcoN AujV ky jf cuky srdfrF df bVf mfx krdy sn qy AuhnF nUM Qwbf rotIaF df pkf ky qy Auwqy afcfr rK ky jF koeI slUxf jF dfl bxf ky dy dyNdy sn. keI vfr gVivaF ivc duD Aubfl ky vI dy dyNdy. ies qrHF dI rotI BuiKaF nUM kYNp ivc iml jfvy qF hor kI cfhIdf sI.

 

iek idn bUtf jflI Kbr lY ky afieaf ik aj sLfmIM swcf sOdf stysLn qy iek gzI af rhI hY qy Aus ivc cVH ky ihMdosqfn jfx vfly lok stysLn vwl jf rhy hn. Aus dI gwl sux ky asIN vI stysLn vwl vhIrF Gq idqIaF. eyzy vzy iekT ijs ivc koeI rsqf nhIN sI, stysLn qk pujxf ikhVf sOKf kMm sI. jdoN asIN stysLn lfgy pujy qF gzI ivc iql Drn nUM QF nhIN sI. gzI dy ipCly isry qoN lY ky asIN gzI dy ieMjn qk sfrf cwkr kwt ilaf. jd koeI QF nf imlI qF bfpU kihx lgf ik ieMjn agy bxy Cwjy qy bYT jFdy hF qy asIN ieMjn agy bxy Cwjy qy bYT gey. idn zubx vflf sI qy bUty jflI smyq asIN Cy jxy qF vDy hoey Cwjy qy bYT sF. eyny ivc kuJ hor bMdy vI sfzy nfl af ky bYT gey qy kuJ Es Cfnxy jhy qy bYT gey jo rylvy lfeIn qoN QoVHf ijhf hI Aucf sI pr asIN qF Auprly ihwsy ivc bYTy sF jo kuJ suriKaq sI qy eyQy hvf vI lg rhI sI. mYN igixaf ik asIN kwul igafrF jxy ieMjn dy Cjy agy bYTy hoey sF. rfq pYxI sLurU ho geI sI pr gwzI clx df nF nhIN lY rhI sI.

 

rfq pYx kr ky ieMjn dIaF lfeItF vI jg peIaF sn ijs nfl asIN dUr dUr qk vyK skdy sF qy sfnUM vI lokIN bVI dUr qoN vyK skdy sn.. kfPI dyr bfad gwzI hOlI hOlI cwlI qy koeI rfq dy 10 vjy hoxgy jdoN gzI sLyKUpury stysLn qy af ky ruk geI qy polIs vwloN gwzI dI qlfsLI sLurU ho geI. ies gwzI dy nfl QoVHy jhy gorKy ispfhI sn jo ieMjn dy ipCy lgy mfl gwzI dy gfrz vfly zby ivc musfPrF dI rfKI leI qfienfq sn. AuhnF dy hQF ivc bMdUkF sn qy jd qlfsLI sOrU hoeI qF AuhnF ny sfrI gzI dI kmfn sMBfl leI ik koeI gwzI Auqy hmlf nf kry. ieMjn dy agy bYTy hox kr ky asIN dUr dUr qk jMgly qoN bfhr KVHI muslmfnF dI BIV nUM ids rhy sF ijnHF dy hQF ivc pQr qy hiQafr ids rhy sn. eyny ivc iek gorKf ieMjn dy agy af ky sfnUM vyK ky bVf GUr ky AurdU ivc boilaf ik afp XhF kYsy bYT gey. ies jgHf qo afp mfry jfEgy. bfpU ny ikhf ik gzI ivc ikqy QF nhIN sI ies leI asIN eyQy bYT gey. iXh jgHf bhuq Kqrnfk hY. clo hmfry zby myN af jfE. asIN Auhdy gfrz vfly zby ivc cly gey ijQy agy ipCy vDI hoeI kfPI QF sI aqy BIV vI koeI nhIN sI. bYTx nUM kfPI QF sI, eyQoN qk ik lyitaf vI jf skdf sI. sfrI gwzI dI pfiksqfnI polIs jF imltrI vwloN qlfsLI lYx vkq ijs kol jo vI pYsf Dylf, tUmF, nkdI, cfkU, nyjLf, qlvfr, bMdUk, ipsqOl, dfqI, tkUey, pTfxI hiQafr, jF cMgf kpVf afid jo kuJ vI sI, sfrf kuJ qlfsLI dOrfn puls vwloN Koh ilaf igaf. ikAuNik ieh sfrf mfl pfiksqfn df sI.

 

jo aOrqF afpxIaF bfhF, gl, nwk jF kMnF ivc pfey gihxy jF hor ink suk lfh ky nhIN idMdIaF sn, POjI jF puls vfly Auh DUh ky iKc lYNdy sn. ieMj pfiksqfn ivcoN ihMdosqfn nUM af rhI ies gwzI dy musfPrF kol bcI sfrI pMUjI AuhnF ny afpxy kbjLy ivc kr leI. sfzy kol vI jo kuJ sI, asIN vI AuhnF nUM dy idqf. gwzI iPr vI nhIN qur rhI sI. lgdf sI ik hux gzI ivc svfr sfry musfPrF nUM vwZx dIaF iqafrIaF ho rhIaF sn. jMgly qoN pfr KVHy muslmfn awlf hU akbr dy nfary lf rhy sn. asIMN BuKy iqhfey ijLMdgI aqy mOq dy ivcHkfr KVHy sF ik pqf nhIN iks GVI sfzI vwZ twuk sLurU ho jfxI hY. jy mfr mrfeI sLurU ho geI qF QoVHy jhy gorKy jo sfzI rfKI leI gwzI ivc qfienfq sn, sfzIaF jfnF bcfAux leI afty ivc lUx dy brfbr sn.

 

KYr kfPI ieMqjLfr mgroN gwzI clI qy lfhOr af ky KVHI ho geI. EQy vI kfPI icr qk KVHI rhI. eyQy vI lgfqfr zr bixaf hoieaf sI ik iksy vyly vI sfzI vwZf tuwkI sLrU ho skdI hY. aYnf iBafxk smF sI ik pl ipCoN kI ho jfxf hY, ies sihm ivc sfh cwl rhy sn. afKr gwzI cwlI qy mIaF mIr stysLn qy jf ky iPr KVHI ho geI. EQy vI kfPI dyr KVHI rhI. hr pl mOq df sunyhf lY ky af irhf sI. eyQoN iPr gwzI vfps lfhOr stysLn qy lY aFdI geI. hux sfnUM pwkf ho igaf ik sfnUM vZx dI iqafrI sLurU hox vflI hY. pr kfPI dyr bfad gwzI iPr cl peI. rfq pYx vyly dy gzI ivc bYTy sF qy hux svyr hox vflI ho geI sI. BuK aqy ipafs nfl lok inZfl ho cuky sn. jd gwzI ksUr stysLn qy pujI qF idn cVH cukf sI. stysLn dy jMgly dy bfhr muslmfnF dI BIV sfzy vwl vyK rhI sI. eyQy gwzI ivc svfr lokF nUM gwzI ivcoN Auqrx dI iejfjLq dy ky bfhr lgy pfxI dy nlikaF qoN pfxI ipafieaf igaf aqy nfl dI nfl hI musfPrF nUM kol KVHI iek hor gwzI ivc jfx df hukm idqf igaf aqy musfPr ies gwzI ivcoN Auqr ky Es gwzI ivc svfr hox lg pey ijs ivc kfPI smF lg igaf. ijs gwzI ivc asIN afey sF, Auh gwzI vfps lfhOr vwl nUM muV geI aqy pqf lwgf ik ijs gwzI ivc asIN svfr hoey sF, ieh gwzI ihMdosqfn ivcoN afeI sI qy ies gwzI ny ies ivc svfr musfPrF nUM ihMdosqfn pucfAuxf sI. jd qk gwzI cldI nhIN sI, mOq df zr bdsqUr isr qy Cfiea hoieaf sI. lfcfrI qy sbr qoN bgYr kuJ vI sfzy kol nhIN sI. hr iek nUM afpxI jfn df iPkr lwgf hoieaf sI. afKr bfrF vjy dy krIb gzI cwlI qy jd ies ny gMzf isMG vflf stysLn qoN bfad sqluj diraf df pul pfr kIqf qF boly so injfl, siq sRI akfl dy nfary gUMjx lgy aqy gwzI nUM iProjLpur sLihr dy stysLn qy ilaf ky KVHf kr idqf igaf. ieQy pfiksqfnoN afeI ies gwzI dy sfry sLrnfrQIaF nUM lMgr Kfx nUM idqf igaf. pUVIaF, Coly, rotIaF qy afcfr qoN ielfvf Bujy hoey CoilaF dy dfxy. sfP suQrf pfxI. keI lok jo pfiksqfn ivcoN pihlF af gey sn, ies gwzI ivc afey lokF ivcoN afpixaF dI pCfx kr rhy sn.

 

ieQoN gwzI cwlI qF iProjLpur CfAuxI dy stysLn qy nhIN rukI qy iswDI kfsUbygU jf rukI ijQy CfAuxI dy ielfky ivc pfiksqfn ivcoN af rhy rIiPAUjIaF leI srkfr vwloN kYNp bixaf hoieaf sI. gwzI dy sfry musfPr gwzI ivcoN Auqr ky kYNp ivc cly gey. eyQy afey lokF dy nF pqy ilK ky AuhnF nUM kfrz idqy jf rhy sn ijnHF nfl Auh rfsLn vgYrf lY skdy sn. ieQy vI afey lokF dI bhuq BIV sI qy rojL hor nvyN sLrnfrQI afeI jf rhy sn. BfvyN eyQy sPfeI df ieMqjLfm sI. QF QF cUnf suitaf hoieaf sI aqy keI vlMtIar vI kMm kr rhy sn pr kuJ idnF ipCoN eyQy hYjLf PYl igaf qy lokF dIaF mOqF hoxIaF sLurU ho geIaF. hYjLy nfl mOq hox qoN zridaF ijQy lokF ny ies kYNp nUM Czxf sLurU kr idqf qF sfnUM vI ieQoN agy biTMzy vwl Bjxf ipaf. sB gzIaF bytYmIaF cl rhIaF sn. ihMdosqfn ivcoN muslmfnF dIaF BrIaF gzIaF pfiksqfn nUM jf rhIaF sn EDroN ihMdU iswKF dIaF BrIaF gwzIaF ihMdosqfn nUM af rhIaF sn. gwzI ivc ivc cVHn leI sLrnfrQIaF nUM koeI itkt nhIN lYxI pYNdI sI. biTMzy jfx vflI gwzI sfnUM goinafxf mMzI stysLn qy Auqfr ky iProjLpur nUM muV geI.

 

 

 

biTMzy df iklf

 

kfsU bygU qoN cwlI gwzI musfPrF nUM goinafxf mMzI dy rylvy stysLn qy lfh ky muV geI. gwzI qoN AuWqr ky sLrnfrQI lfgly ipMzF dy gurdvfiraF ivc cly gey. dws pYx qy asIN vI iqMn cfr mIl qy pYNdy iek ipMz amrgVH dy gurdvfry vwl nUM qur pey. ieQy jfx leI ipMz blfVH qk pwkI sVk qy agoN nihr qy swjy hQ muV ky pihly pul qoN muV ky gurdvfry jfx df rfh iksy ny sfnUM dws idqf. asIN murwibaF dy mflk qy Bry GrF dy vfrs pfiksqfn ivcoN AujV ky iqMnIN kpVIN bUty jflI smyq afjLfd ihMdosqfn ivc pYroN nMgy, iZzoN BuKy qy jyboN KflI sVk qy qury jf rhy sF. ipMz blfhV koloN lMGidaF mYN mF nUM afiKaf mYnUM bhuq BuwK lwgI af qy myQoN quiraf nhIN jFdf. Auh mYnUM ipMz dy bfhrvfr iek vzy drvfjLy vfly Gr agy lY geI qy drvfjLf KVkfieaf. vzy drvfjLy ivcoN iek Cotf drvfjLf KuilHaf qy iek aDKV jhI mlvYx ny af ky puiCaf kI cfhIdf hY. myrI mF ny ikhf asIN pfiksqfn ivcoN AujV ky afey hF, myry muMzy nUM bVI BuK lwgI hoeI af. iehnUM rotI ilaf ky dy. Auh bVIaF hkfrq BrIaF njLrF nfl sfzy vwl vyKdI ijvyN asIN jwdI pusLqI mMgqy hoeIey, mUMh ivc kuJ buVbVfAuNdI clI geI qy iek vzI sfrI bfjry dI rotI qy afcfr rK ky mYnUM dy geI. ieh rotI eynI sKq sI qy rotI PVfAux df Auhdf qrIkf eynf kurKq ijhf sI ik mYN prHF jf ky Auh rotI kwuiqaF agy sut idqIN qy myrIaF awKF ivc aQrU af gey.

 

mYnUM Xfd afieaf jd bfr ivc sfzf Gr jo sfry ipMz dy ivcHkfr sI. cOk ivc iek pfsy mfstr jgq isMG dy Gr agy vzf ipwpl ijs qy mYN pING JUtxI iswKI sI qy dUjy pfsy muKy dy Gr vwl bhuq vzf bohV sI ijs Qly vzy vzy qKqposL pey huMdy sn. dIpy ZfzI dy Gr vfly pfsy KUh sI ijs ivcoN lohy dy zol nfl pfxI kZ ky lok pINdy, nhFdy aqy psUaF nUM vI pfxI ipafieaf krdy sn. sfzy Gr dI bYTk agy bhuq vzf QVHf sI sI. lMGdy tpdy rfhI ies cOk ivc afrm krn leI ruk jfieaf krdy sn. jd ieh rfhI sfh lYx leI rukdy sn qF bfpU df ikhf hoieaf sI ik iehnF nUM aMn pfxI Bfv prsLfdf Ckfey bgYr jfx nhIN dyxf. jy AuhnF kol psU huMdy qF AuhnF nUM crn leI pTy jF qUVI ivc vMz iBEN ky idqf jFdf. ijs mulk dI afjLfdI leI bfpU ny, qfey ny aqy sfzy prvfr dy hor lokF ny aMgryjLF dI kuwt KfDI qy jylHF kwtIaF sn qy mYN ipMz dIaF glIaF ivc muMizaF nfl rl ky afjLfdI lYx dy nfary lfey sn, hux Es afjLfd dysL ivc pihly idn mMgx qy vI bfjry dI swukI rotI imlI sI ijs nUM dMd cwb nhIN skdy sn. ies qoN bfad mflvy dy ijnHF lokF nfl vI vfh ipaf, AuhnF ivcoN keIaF df vqIrf afm qOr qy KusLk eI sI. Auh sfnUM musilaF vty vtfey kih ky bulFdy sn. Auh kI smJ skdy sn ik asIN ikhVIaF hflqF ivc pfiksqfn ivcoN afpxIaF jfnF bcf ky ihMdosqfn phuMcy hF qy nvF jIvn ikvyN qy ikQoN sLurU krnf hY.

 

mflvy dy iehnF ipMzF ivc cuPyry ryq dy itwby sn ijQoN suky awk qy bUeIaF ilaf ky ag bflxI pYNdI sI. KUh df Kfrf pfxI svfd nhIN lgdf sI. jy nihr df pfxI pIx leI idl krdf qF vyKIdf sI ik keI keI idnF dIaF muslmfnF dIaF lfsLF pulF agy pYNdIaF GuMmxGyrIaF ivc atkIaF gyVy kZI jf rhIaF sn aqy AuhnF dy iZwz Pwuly hoey sn. Dky ibnF ieh lfsLF agy nhIN qurdIaF sn. jy sfnUM ihMdU iswKF nUM EDr muslmfn mfr rhy sn qF Gwt eyDr vI nhIN ho rhI sI. iksy ny bfpU qy bUty jflI nUM ikhf, quhfnUM EDr mfiraf qy luitaf igaf hY. qusIN eyDr muslmfnF nUM mfro qy luto pr bfpU ny agoN gwusy ivc ikhf ik ieho jhI gwl Pyr nf kirE. pfiksqfn vflf Cizaf Gr bhuq cyqy afAuNdf sI. iek idn bfpU mYnUM goinafxy mMzI dy skUl ivc dfKl krvf afieaf. tYst lY ky mYnUM aTvIN ivc dfKl kr ilaf igaf pr jo myry kpiVaF dI hflq sI. nf pYrIN jwuqI sI qy isr qy pg, Es ivc myrf skUl jfx nUM idl nf krdf qy Es ipMz dy kuJ muMizaF nfl kdI mYN skUl clf jFdf qy kdI nf jFdf. skUl dUr vI sI qy kfPI pYdl qurnf pYNdf sI. sPr nUM Cotf krn leI keI vfr asIN iqlkiraF vfly sMGxy jMgl ivcoN lMG jFdy ijQy purfxy vx, byrIaF qy krIrF dy sMGxy rwuK sn. vxF dIaF pIlF qy krIrF dy lfl pyNJU asIN rj rj ky KFdy qy keI vfr sfzIaF jIbF AucV jFdIaF. ies Coty jhy jMgl dy aYn ivcHkfr Gon mon isr qy gyrUey rMg dy lMmy coly qy pYrIN KVfvF pOx vfly iqlkiraF vfly sMqF dI kfPI vzI JwugI sI. JuwgI dy bfhr gohy df pocf Pyiraf huMdf. ijs dy dvfly CotI jhI pfxI dI CwpVI sI qy lfgy keI prkfr dIaF sbjLIaF qy kvfrgMdl dy vzy vzy bUty lgy hoey sn. gulfb aqy klIaF dy Pwul vI lfey hoey sn. CwpVI nUM pfxI dyx dI lfgly ipMz vfilaF ny vfrI bDI hoeI sI. misaf vfly idn afs pfs dy ipMzF qoN aOrqF qy afdmI duD dIaF CotIaF bfltIaF jF vltohIaF lY ky sMqF nUM cVHfAux leI aONdy. jMgl ivc mMgl ligaf huMdf. sfnUM vI Aus idn Kfx pIx leI bhuq kuJ iml jFdf. keI vfr myvy qo sOgI vflI KIr df gwPf vI iml jFdf. sMq sfl ivc iek vfr eyQy mhosLf vI krdy sn jdoN bhuq dUroN lok bVI sLrDf nfl pujdy sn. lfgly ipMzF dy GrF coN gdf krn leI vzy sMqF ny iek Cotf sMq riKaf hoieaf sI jo vzy sMqF vFg hI afpxy qn duafly gyrUey rMg dI iglqI bMnH ky rKdf sI. mn hI mn ivc mYN ies Coty jhy jMgl df mukfblf afpxy ipCy Czy ipMz lfgy pky zly dIaF kbrF vfly Coty jMgl nfl krdf ijQy purfxy Qyh sn aqy hry coigaF vfly muslmfn pIr hfl Kyzdy qy kvflIaF gfieaf krdy sn.

 

kuJ hPiqaF ipCoN mYnUM pIlIaf ho igaf. aKF qy ichry df rMg pIlf pY igaf. mYN nf Klo skdf sF qy nf qur skdf sF. BwuK nhIN lgdI sI qy aMn dI burkI aMdr nhIN lMGdI sI. swuk ky qIlf huMdf jf irhf sF. keI idn iesy qrHF pey rihx nfl mYN eynf inZfl ho igaf ik mYnUM ies qrHF lwgx lwgf ik pfiksqfn ivcoN qF bc ky af gey sF pr ieh pIlIaf ijs nUM Xrkfx vI kihMdy sn, myrI jfn lY lvygf. mF Bry Brfey Gr nUM Czx dy swl ivc vYx pfAuxoN nf htdI qy pfglF vFg bolI jFdI rwbf ieko ijhy kr, rwbf ieko ijhy kr. bfpU nUM pfiksqfn vfly ipMzoN EQy rih geI kpVy isAux vflI msLIn lY ky afAux leI bfr bfr afKdI. ies qrHF dy mfVy idn sn jd iksy isafxy dy dws pfAux qy bfpU mYnUM afpxy moiZaF qy cuk ky vzy goinafxf nF dy iek ipMz ivc lY igaf ijQy iek hkIm ny myrI nbjL tohI. myrIaF aKF tzf ky vyKIaF. mUMh KulHf ky jIB vI vyKI. hQF qy pYrF dy nhuM vyKy qy kfljy qy hQ Dr ky vI vyiKaf. bfpU ny hkIm agy dovyN hQ joV ky qy bhuq nIvyN ho ky qrlf lYNidaF ikhf, hkIm jI, myry ieko iek muMzy nUM qMdrusq kr idE, bVI musLkl nfl iehnUM pfiksqfn ivcoN bcfa ky ilafey hF. ies qrHF df qrlf bfpU ny iek vfr EdoN kIqf sI jdoN mYN pMjvIN pVHdf sF aDI CutI vyly Puwt bfl KyzidaF myrI swjI bFh tut geI sI qy bFh bnHfAux leI mYnUM bfpU ijLlf lfielpur dy iek ipMz cODrI vfly ivc iek muslmfn hkIm kol lY igaf sI. bVy qrly nfl bFh TIk krn leI bynqI kIqI sI pr keI mhIinaF dI mflsL aqy ielfj ipCoN vI myrI bFh TIk nhIN hoeI sI. iPr dws peI qy hfPjLfbfd sLihr ivc iek hor muslmfn luhfr hY jo BwjIaF twtIaF bFhF bMnHdf hY qy bVI dUroN dUroN lok Auhdy kol ielfj leI afAuNdy hn. bfpU mYnUM Coty jhy nUM hfPjLfbfd lY igaf qy twutIaF qy BwjIaF bfhF vfly muslmfn luhfr df Gr liBaf. Auh iksy dy tuty lwk df ielfj krn leI dUr igaf hoieaf sI. ijMny idn hkIm nf imilaf, Eny idn asIN hfPjLfbfd dy iek gurdvfry ivc Tihry. muslmfn luhfr ny myrI swjI bFh ihlf ky vyKI jo muVdI nhIN sI. iPr bVy afrfm nfl bFh qy polf polf hQ PyridaF jdoN kUhxI lfigEN dwbI qF pIV nfl myrI cIk inkl geI. Aus ny ikhf bFh kUhxI qoN inkilaF keI mhIny ho gey hn. ies nUM pihlF kwcI kIqI jfvygI qy mflsL kridaF kridaF iPr ies nUM iswDI kr ky bFh bMnH idqI jfvygI qy bFh afpxy itkfxy qy af jfvygI. Aus ny isitaF qy afeI kxk dIaF krUMblF grm qyl ivc iBAuN iBAuN ky bFh qy bMnH bMnH ky bFh kwcI krn qy nfl iek qyl mflsL dy ky mhIny bfad afx leI ikhf. mhIny bfad iek Kfs iksm df kflf ijhf qyl mlidaF mlidaF Es bFh df kVfkf kZ ky bFh iswDI kr idqI sI. pIV qF bhuq hoeI pr sukdI jFdI bFh ivc hOlI hOlI iPr jfn pY geI sI.

 

pIlIey TIk krn dy mfhr hkIm ny kuJ puVIaF bxf ky mYnUM Kfx leI idqIaF aqy iek puVI bDo bDI myry mUMh aMdr swut idqI qy ikhf bwcU ies puVI df asr huMidaF hI qyrf rotI Kfx nUM jI krygf. bfpU nUM hOslf idqf qy sfnUM bfhr pey mMijaF qy jf ky afrfm krn leI kih idqf. EQy hor vI keI mrIjL pey sn. krnI rwb dI ik Es iek puVI ny hI jfdU vrgf asr kIqf. hkIm dy Gr dy ivhVy ivcoN loh qy pkdIaF rotIaF aqy aflU mMUgiraF dI bx rhI sbjLI dI KusLbU myry nwk nUM cVH mYnUM bhuq cMgI lwg rhI sI. mYN bfpU nUM ikhf ik myrf mUMgiraF dI sbjLI nfl rotI Kfx nUM idl krdf hY. bfpU ny jf ky hkIm nUM ikhf qy hkIm boilaf ik mYN ikhf sI nf ik myrI iek puVI nfl hI Prk pY jfvygf. Auhny do rotIaF Auqy aflU mMUgiraF dI sbjLI pf ky bfpU nUM PVf idqIaF ijnHF ivcoN iek rotI myry aMdr lMG geI. asIN do idn Es hkIm dy bfhr ielfj leI lokF dy AuTx bYTx leI zfhy mMijaF qy kZy. agly idn hkIm dy ivhVy ivc brfnI icwBVF dI bxI ctxI nfl iek rotI hor Kf leI qy sLfm nUM bYNgxF dI sbjLI nfl. qIjy idn mYnUM ieMj lwgx lwgf ijvyN myrIaF lwqF ivc jfn af rhI sI qy mYN hOlI hOlI qur ky ipMz jf skdf hF.

 

pqf lgf ik biTMzy sLihr ivcoN AujV ky gey muslmfnF dy bhuq Gr KflI pey sn. iek idn bfpU, mYN qy bUtf jflI jo afpxIaF ByzF bkrIaF bgYr bVf buiJaf buiJaf rihMdf sI, biTMzy cly gey. eyQy sfnUM sLrIky coN lgdf qfieaf rxjoD isMG iml igaf jo bhfvlpur irafsq ivcoN afpxy puqr kVfkf isMG qy bfkI prvfr smyq af ky ikly lfgy pYNdy muslmfnF dy iek tuty jhy Gr ivc itk igaf sI. qfey rxjoD isMG aqy qfey igafn isMG ny nvyN ipMz vflI jLmIn vyc ky pihlF isMD qy iPr bhfvlpur vwl jLmInF lY leIaF sn ijQy jLmInF ssqIaF sn qy pYlI vD bx jFdI sI. qfey qoN eI pqf lgf ik qfieaf igafn isMG ijs ny ZfbF isMG rfiet kys ivc PFsI qoN Aumr kYd ivc bdlI kfly pfxI dI sjLf kwtI sI, afp qF Gr vflI qy CotI kuVI nfl bc ky inkl igaf sI pr vzI pMdrF solF sflF dI kuVI muslmfn DfVvIaF ny Koh leI sI. jdoN qfieaf qfeI qy dovyN kuVIaF nvyN ipMz af ky sfzy Gr Tihiraf krdy sn qF myrf iehnF sfiraF nfl bVf ipafr sI. kuVIaF puj ky suhxIaF sn ikAuNik qfieaf afp vI bVf jvfn qy suhxf sI aqy qfeI jo sLfied qrnqfrn jF aimRqsr dI roVI jF KqrfxI sI, vI bhuq KUbsUrq sI. qfieaf dsdf huMdf sI ik lfhOr jylH ivc sLhId Bgq isMG qy Auh iekTy rhy sn. qfey ny Bgq isMG nUM muV iswKI ivc muV afAux dI pRyrxf vI idqI sI.

 

 

qyrf ipMz ikhVf hY?

 

biTMzy dy ikly dy drvfjLy qoN PrlFg ku agy jf ky pYNdy vzy KUh dy Kby hQ jFdI glI ivc qfey rxjoD isMG ny muslmfnF df iek twutf Pwutf Gr mwl ilaf sI. Auhdf puwqr kVfkf isMG ijs dy Coty huMidaF rhu dy kVfhy hyTF Jokf idMidaF cuMBy ivc izgx nfl dovyN pYr sV ky agoN muV gey sn, biTMzy dy iek bfjLfr ivc cfdr ivCf ky minafrI df sfmfn Bfv kMGy, kVy, cUVIaF, bksUey, prFdy, prFdIaF, rsIaF, muMj, vfx, sfbn, nhuM pfls, dMdfsf afid vycx lg ipaf sI. sLfm qk musLkl nfl do iqMn rupey vwt lYNdf sI. biTMzy df eyzf vzf ieiqhfisk iklf mYN ijLMdgI ivc ies qoN pihlF kdy nhIN vyiKaf sI ijs bfry kihMdy ik ieh iklf 1900 sfl pihlF BwtI rfE puqr blbMd ny kusLnF dy smyN bxvfieaf sI. BitMzf dy nF Es vyly dy BwtI rfjpUqF nfl vI juVdf hY. iPr pfl Kfndfn qoN ieh iklf aPgfinsqfn dy gjLnvI lutyiraF ny Koh ilaf. iPr ieh iklf idwlI dy sulqfn kuqb Aud-dIn aYbk dy aDIn irhf jo ies ikly df gvrnr vI sI.

 

bfdsLfh alqmsL dI bytI rjLIaf sulqfnf jo ihMdosqfn dI pihlI aOrq hukmrfn sI qy ijs ny asIrIaf dy gulfm XfkUq nfl ivafh krvf ilaf sI, nUM muslmfn jrnYl psMd nhIN krdy sn ik iek aOrq AuhnF Auqy hkUmq kry. keI kihMdy hn ik XfkUq nUM mfr idqf igaf sI aqy rjLIaf sulqfnf ny ies ikly qoN Cfl mfr ky KudksLI kr leI sI. kuJ ieh kihMdy hn biTMzy dy gvrnr mlk ieKiqafr-Aud dIn aqUnIaf dI Auh bcpn dI dosq sI qy Es nUM hfsl krn leI aqUnIaf ny bgfvq kr idqI. rjLIaf sulqfnf Aus dI bgvq nUM dbfAux afeI Aus dI ho geI pr ipCoN AusdI gwdI qy Auhdy Brf bihrfm ny kbjLf kr ilaf aqy afpxI BYx aqy aqUnIaf dohF nUM 13 akqUbr, 1240 eI[ ivc mrvf idqf. iPr aTfrvIN sdI qy ies ikly qy iswKF df kbjLf ho igaf sI qy hux akqUbr 1947 dy kYsy idn sn ik sfnUM pfiksqfn ivcoN AujV ky afey byGiraF nUM eyzy vzy ikly lfgy isr lukfAux leI QoVHI jhI QF vI nhIN lB rhI sI.

 

ryqly itwibaF dy bIafbfn ielfky ivc eyzf vzf Auwcf iklf aqy biTMzy df eyzf vzf ryl jMksLn mYN pihlF kdy nhIN vyiKaf sI ijQoN swq pfsy iProjLpur, PfijlLkf, ihMdUml kot, bIkfnyr, ihsfr, idwlI qy aMbfly nUM gwzIaF jFdIaF sn. ihsfr aqy PfijlLkf nUM bI bI sI afeI dI CotI gwzI jFdI sI. ies dI rPqfr vzI gzI nfloN Gt sI. keI vfr keI mncly ijnHF dy ipMz lfgy pYNdy sn, ies cldI gzI ivcoN ryqy Auqy Cfl mfr dyNdy sn jF aYsy musfPr vI jo ibn itkty huMdy. ikly lfgy KUh df pfxI qfry vFg idsdf. mYN socdf ik ryqly ielfky ivc ijQy pfxI dI eynI ijLafdf ikwlq sI, bgYr pfxI dy 1900 sfl pihlF ieh iklf ikvyN Ausr igaf sI. iPr iksy ny mYnUM disaf ik Es vyly diraf sqluj eyQoN lMGdf sI ijs df vihx hOlI hOlI iProjLpur qoN agy qk clf igaf.

 

bfr ivc KUhF df pfxI kuLJ PwutF dI dUrI qy huMdf sI aqy ieQy eynf zMUGf pfxI ijs nUM AUT jF bld boikaF nfl iKwc ky bfhr ilafAuNdy qy boky hOdI ivc zolH idMdy. agoN lok afpxy GiVaF ivc Br ky lY jFdy. ieh KUh qIjy idn cVHdf sI aqy iqMnF idnF leI ieh Kfrf pfxI GiVaF ivc iekTf kr ky riKaf jFdf sI. ikly lfgy qfey rxjoD isMG dy gvFZ sfnUM vI pfiksqfn cly gey muslmfnF df iek inkf Gr iml igaf. Gr ivcoN lutyry sfrf sfmfn lut ky lY gey sn. clo iPr vI isr qy Cwq qF iml geI sI. keI Gr jo sfV idqy gey sn, iehnF ivcoN ajy vI DUeyN dI bo afAuNdI. Es vyly ieh sfrf ielfkf irafsq pitaflf ivc pYNdf sI qy biTMzf brnfly ijLly dI iek qihsIl sI. irafsq pitaflf ivcoN kfPI muslmfn pfiksqfn nUM cly gey sn, keI ajy jf rhy sn aqy keI mfry vI gey sn. ieh qbfdlf iblkul iesy qrHF sI ijvyN asIN pfiksqfn ivcoN AujV ky ihMdosqfn af gey sF qy muslmfn ihMdosqfn ivcoN AujV ky pfiksqfn jf rhy sn. pfiksqfn ivcoN lg Bg sfry ihMdU iswK ihMdosqfn ivc ihjrq kr rhy sn pr ihMdosqfn ivcoN sfry muslmfn EDr nhIN jf rhy sn.

 

biTMzy dy eyzy vzy Aucy ikly dy Qly asIN rIiPAUjI ijnHF dI jyb ivc koeI pYsf nhIN sI, pYrF ivc jwuqI nhIN sI, isr qy pwg nhIN sI aqy Kfx leI rotI nhIN sI, bhuq Coty Coty qy bhuq grIb lwg rhy sF. pr bfpU hOslf idMdf ik AujV ky afey sfry lok eI sfzy vrgy hn. rfvlipMzI vwl dy BfipaF dy muMzy do TIkrIaF AuNglF dy dohIN pfsIN joV ky glIaF aqy gwzI dy zibaF ivc jf ky vjfAuNdy qy gfAuNdy, afpxf koeI nhIN hY jI-afpxf siqgur ipafrf jI. kuJ lok AuhnF nUM pYsf do pYsy dy dyNdy. mYN ieh TIkrIaF vjfAuxIaF qF iswK leIaF pr mYnUM gfAuxf nhIN afAuNdf sI. iPr rIiPAUjIaF dy muMzy Bkfny Pulf ky qy kfny nfl bMnH ky biTMzy ikly dIaF lfglIaF glIaF ivc pYsy pYsy df Bkfnf vycdy qy ieMj AuhnF nUM idn ivc pMj Cy afny iekTy ho jFdy. bfpU ny mYnUM vI iek bfxIey dI dukfn qoN kuJ Bkfny AuDfr ilaf ky dy idqy ijnHF nUM Pulf ky mYN vI bfkI muMizaF nfl glIaF ivc vycx leI quiraf iPrdf irhf pr pihly idn myrf koeI Bkfnf nf ivikaf ikAuNik mYN hokf nhIN idMdf sF. lY lo pYsy pYsy df Bkfnf dy bol myry mUMh ivcoN nhIN inkldy sn. mYN bVf sLmfkl qy zrfkl sF. swqvIN jmfq qk qF rfq nUM suqy ipaF myrf ipsLfb inkl jFdf huMdf sI aqy jdoN ipMz ivc AucI Zol vjdy jF afqsLbfjLI cldI qF mYN bhuq zr jFdf sF. bfpU myry kMnF ivc rUM dy qy moiZaF qy cuk ky ipMzoN bfhrvfr lY jFdf huMdf sI. corF aqy zfkUaF dIaF gwlF sux ky mYN zr nfl kMbx lg jFdf sF. PfrsI dy mfstr dI kwut qoN zrdf mYN skUl nf jFdf qF bfpU myrf zr kZx leI jmfq dy kmry dy bfhr bYTf rihMdf.

 

 agly idn bVI ihMmq kr ky mYN biTMzy dIaF glIaF ivc hokf dy dy ky swq aT afny vwt ky afpxy bfpU dI qlI qy rK idqy qy ies qrHF afjLfd ihMdosqfn ivc pihlI vfr kuJ afinaF dI afmdn df vsIlf bixaf. mF lfilaF dy GrF ivc afty dfl leI BFzy mFjx qy sPfeI krn lg peI. qfieaf rxjoD isMG qy bfpU qihsIl dy cwkr kwtx lwgy ik sfnUM pfiksqfn ivc CzI jLmIn bdly jLmIn alft kIqI jfvy qy sfzy muV vsyby df ieMqjLfm kIqf jfvy. ajy qk ieh pqf nhIN lg irhf sI ik sfzf sLrIkf aqy ipMz dy bfkI lok ikQy sn. jy Auh pfiksqfn ivcoN ijENdy af gey sn qF eyDr af ky ikQy bYTy sn. sfrf kuJ qihs nihs aqy ivgV cukf sI. kdI kdI pqf lgdf ik srkfr pfiksqfn ivcoN byGr ho ky afey lokF nUM muV vsfAux leI koissLL kr rhI sI qy ies kMm leI jlMDr dPqr KulH igaf sI. jlMDr vflf dPqr hOlI hOlI lokF dI pfiksqfn ivc rih geI jLmIn jfiedfd dI pVqfl vI krvf irhf sI. Aus dy ievjL ivc AuhnF nUM eyDr jLmInF alft krnIaF sn. mfl mihkmy dy ptvfrI qy hor aihlkfr ies kMm ivc jut gey sn. ikAuNik byGr ho ky afey lokF kol EDr jLmInF ijLafdf sn aqy eyDr muslmfn eynIaF ijLafdf jLmInF Cz ky nhIN gey sn, ies leI srkfr ny EDr CzI jLmIn dy rkby qy kfPI kwt lf idqI Bfv jy koeI EDr 50 eykV jLmIn Cz ky afieaf sI qF eyDr Aus nUM sfvyN muwl dI msF 30 eykV jLmIn imlxI sI. mflvy dy ipMzF ivc eykV nhIN ivGy sn jo Cy knfl df pwkf ivGf huMdf sI. eyDrly pMjfb ivc muslmfnF vwloN CzI jLmInF dy vzy toty nhIN sn ijs kr ky jo jLmIn alft huMdI sI, Auh vK vK toitaF ivc huMdI sI ijs ivc jLmIn dIaF sfrIaF iksmF rlf idqIaF jFdIaF sn ijvyN nihrI, cfhI, bMjr, kwlr vflI, sym vflI, dfBx, jvHF qy polHI vflI, kfinaF vflI, brfn, itwby afid.

 

isafl mfro mfr krdf isr qy af irhf sI qy sfzy kol srdIaF leI koeI rjLfeIaF qlfeIaF vI nhIN sn. mYN biTMzy dy kuJ skUlF ivc dfKl hox dI koisLsL vI kIqI pr ipCly skUl Czx df srtIiPkyt nf hox kr ky dfKlf nf imilaf. ies leI kdI kdI mYN goinafxy mMzI vfly skUl hI jf afAuNdf. skUl df hYzmfstr gurbcn isNG dIvfnf bVf imhrbfn sI qy AuhnUM pqf sI ik asIN muV vsyby leI Btk rhy hF. kuJ mhIinaF bfad biTMzy qoN Cy koh dUr sfnUM aqy qfey rxjoD isMG nUM ipMz sLfhF vfly mihqy ivc kwcI jLmIn aqy muslmfn qylIaF df iek Gr alft ho igaf ijs dy Cwqy hoey drvfjLy dy do ihwsy sn. Cwq peI vflf aDf kwcf, aDf pwkf bVf KulHf drvfjLf sFJf sI. drvfjLy dy ivcHkfr iek bhuq vzI pkI QMmHI sI jo drvfjLy nUM do ihwisaF ivc vMzdI sI. dohF pfsy psUaF leI KurlIaF bxIaF hoeIaF sn. aMdr dohF GrF dy ivhiVaF ivc vI psUaF leI KurlIaF sn ijs qoN pqf lgdf sI ik cly gey muslmfn qylI psU zMgr rKdy sn. dohIN pfsIN cONkf culHf aqy ipCy do do kwcy koTy sn. GrF nUM azo az krn leI drvfjLy qk Cy Pwut AuWcI kwcI kMD kZI hoeI sI pr eyDr EDr jfx leI ivcHkfr bgYr bUhy vflI vwzI bfrI rKI hoeI sI. ho skdf ik ies Gr ivc do BrfvF dy twbr rihMdy hox. asIN biTMzy vflf muslmfnF df Gr Cz idqf qy ies qylIaF dy Gr ivc iek pfsy vfly kcy koiTaF ivc rihx lg pey ijnHF ivc idny vI bhuq hnyrf rihMdf sI qy pUrI qrHF kuJ nhIN idsdf sI. keI vfr rfq nUM suiqaF ipaF dbfa pY jFdf qy asIN buVbVf ky AuT KloNdy. mF kihMdI mYnUM supny ivc qylx idsdI hY jo Gr KflI krn leI kihMdI hY. agV ipCV dohF koiTaF ivc kohlU lgy hoey sn qy dfxy pfAux leI kuJ imtI dy BVoly bxy hoey sn jo KflI sn.

 

dUjy pfsy vwl vI do kwcy koTy sn jo irafsq bhfvlpur qoN AujV ky afey iek jwt cMnx isMG nUM alft ho gey. Aus dy twbr ivc AusdI Gr vflI, myry hfx dI iek AucI, lMmI, pqlI, gorI, icwtI lgr vrgI KUbsUrq kuVI qy Es qoN Cotf Ausdf Brf mihMgf afx vsy sn. ipCoN bhuqI jLmIn nf hox kr ky AuhnF nUM vI ies ipMz ivc QoVHI jhI kcI jLmIn alft hoeI sI. ipMz dy sLfhF dy GrF vfly pfsy muslmfnF dy bhuq Gr KflI pey sn ijnHF ivc vwsx leI hfly rIiPAUjI nhIN sn afey. keI rIiPAUjI Auh Gr vyK ky muV jFdy ikAuNik Es pfsy qoN ipMz df pfxI vflf KUh bhuq dUr pYNdf sI qy eyzI dUroN isrF qy pfxI dy GVy cuk ky ilafAuxy bVy musLkl sn. eyQy vI iJEr boky lY ky KUh qy qIjy idn cVHdf sI. ies ipMz ivc vI sfnUM musilaF vwty vtfey ikhf jFdf sI jF PrUjI jF pnfhgIr kihMdy sn. ies ipMz ivc jLmIn qF alft ho geI sI pr jLmIn vhux leI sfzy kol koeI bldF dI jog, AUT, hl, pMjflI, rMbf, dfqI, khI vgYrf kuJ vI nhIN sI. qfey rxjoD isMG ny afpxI irhfiesL BiTMzy qoN nhIN putI sI. Auh kdI kdI mihqy gyVf mfr jFdf. ipMz dIaF inafeIaF ivc PMzr afvfrf gAUaF, PMzr mJF qY afvfrf KoqIaF afm qurIaF iPrdIaF sn. bfpU ny qurI iPrdI iek gF PV ilaFdI jo kuJ icr ipCoN sU peI. mYN Auhdf kMn pkVdf qy bfpU jF mF AuhnUM pYNKV pf ky coNdy. Gr ivc duD dhIN df Auqfrf ho igaf. ipMz vfilaF ny AujV ky afieaF nUM kuJ lIVy, kpVy, rjLfeIaF, qlfeIaF, Kys qy dfxy afid vI iekTy kr ky dy idqy sn. biTMzy jfx leI AujfV bIaf bfn rfhF ivcoN pYdl qur ky jfxf pYNdf sI jF ryqy dy Bry itwibaF ivcoN lMG sLyrgVH stysLn qoN CotI gwzI PV ky biTMzy jfeI df sI. sB gzIaF bytYmIaF cldIaF sn. iehnF AujfV bIafbfn itwibaF ivcoN lMGidaF ijQy zr lgdf, EQy sUey kMZy kdI kdI mor, iqwqr, shy qy Bittr qury iPrdy idsdy qy mor qy iqwqr afvfjLF kZdy bVy suhxy lgdy. pfiksqfn vfly ipMz df ieko iek jfx pCfx vflf bUtf jflI qF keI mhIny pihlF biTMizEN gzI cVH ky pqf nhIN ikDr clf igaf sI qy muV ijLMdgI ivc Auh kdy vI nf imilaf. ivc ivc EQoN goinafxf mMzI dy skUl vI pVHn leI jf afAuNdf. mn eynf ijLafdf AuKV cukf sI ik pVHfeI ivc Aukf eI idl nhIN lgdf sI. 30 jnvrI nUM mhfqmf gFDI df kql hox qy skUl ivc CutI ho geI. BfvyN Es vyly myrI koeI isafsI soc nhIN sI pr ihMdosqfn nUM afjLfd krvfAux vfly mhfqmf gFDI df kql bhuq mfVf ligaf. bVy AuKVvyN mfVy hflfqF ivc sMn 48 cVH ky mfrc df mhInf af igaf sI qy mYN aTvIN pfs kr ky eysy skUl ivc hI nOvIN ivc dfKl ho igaf.

 

iek idn bfpU iek boqf vI lB ilafieaf qy AusnUM vfhI krn leI vrqx vfsqy ikwly Auqy ilaf ky bMnH idqf. iPr iek mJ vI iml geI sI. gihrI vwl lgdy sUey kMZy kdy kdy mYN gF qy mJ nUM mYN cfrx jFdf qF srF ivc luky iqwqrF nUM CotI jhI BUry rMg dI kwuqI jo bfpU ikqoN lY afieaf sI, suMG ky lB lYNdI qy AuhnF dy mgr Bj ky qIjI AuzfrI qy iek iqwqr afpxy dMdF ivc aVf ky lY afAuNdI ijs df Bujf mfs bVf svfd lgdf qy bfr df ipMz, Kqfn aqy afpxf ipClf murwbf Xfd af jFdf.  kuJ idnF bfad ptvfrI kih igaf ik ieh ieh gAU, ieh boqf ieh mJ biTMzy qihsIldfr dy dPqr ivc iljf ky iehnF dI bolI krvf ky bxdy pYsy qfr ky afE nhIN qF quhfzy qy biTMzy Qfxy ivc corI df kys drj ho jfeygf. bfpU ny bQyrf ikhf ik asIN vI qF afpxy psU zMgr pfiksqfn ivc Cz ky afey hF pr ptvfrI nf mMinaf qy asIN iek iek kr ky AuhnF psUaF nUM biTMzy dI qihsIly pysL kr ky vIh vIh rupY qfr ky afpxI mlkIq ivc ilaFdf qy ieh pYsy ipMz dy sLfh koloN AuDfry PVy. jdoN ipMz dI inafeIN vflI jLmIn ivc vIj sfzy KrbUjLy ivkxy sLrU hoey jo asIN KoqIaF qy lwd ky biTMzy vycx jFdy qF sLfh df krjLf Auqfr idqf qy sgoN kuJ pYsy bc vI gey.   

 

iek aDKV muslmfnI  ijs dy sfry irsLqydfr pfiksqfn jFdy mfry gey sn, aksr sfzy drvfjLy ivc af ky bYT jFdI qy afpixaF nUM Xfd kr kr AucI AucI vYx pfAux lg pYNdI. myrI mF AuhnUM keI vfr rotI Kvf dyNdI aqy Auh qy mF cwkI Joa ky aftf pIh lYNdIaF. sLfied ies ipMz Krfs koeI nhIN sI qy lok lfgly ipMzF qoN dfxy ipsf ky ilafAuNdy sn. AuNj ies ipMz ivc rwjy pujy qy jLmIn jfiedfd vfly bfxIaF dy keI Gr sn ijnHF df biTMzy pVHdf iek muMzf amr nfQ isMglf myrf Xfr bx igaf. iehnF bfxIaF dIaF ikilaF vrgIaF AucIaF AucIaF pkIaF hvylIaF sn qy amr nfQ isMglf df ipMz dy Awuqr vfly ivc bfg vI sI. asIN Auhdy bfg ivc bYT ky pVHdy. pVHn ivc Auh bhuqf hoisLafr nhIN sI. mYN keI vfr biTMzy Auhdy snfqn Drm skUl dy hostl dy kmry ivc Tihr jFdf qy AuhnUM pVHFdf vI. pr afp sLivMdrf hfeI skUl goinafxf mMzI hI pVHn jFdf. irafsq PrIdkot dI hwd qy pYNdy afKrI ipMz nhINaF vflf ivc rylvy lfeIn dy nfl iek kwcy ikly ivc muMizaF leI hostl bixaf hoieaf sI. mYN ies hostl ivc dfKl ho igaf. nsvfr dI cutkI lYx vflf qy hwukI pIx vflf bfvrcI koilaF qy rotI syk ky dUroN icmty nfl sfzI QflI ivc aYsf insLfnf lf ky Pwuilaf Pulkf sutdf ik mjfl QflI qoN bfhr izg pvy. eyQy hI skUl df hYzmfstr gurbcn isMG dIvfnf sLfm nUM af jFdf aqy hsotl dy suprzMt gurbcn isMG nfl jo skUl df igafnI tIcr sI, nfl rl ky sLrfb pINdf. hry rMg dI sLrfb dI boql lYx leI Auh aksr mMzI dy Tyky qy mYnUM hI Byjdy aqy mYN pYdl Bwj ky qurq boql lY ky af jFdf. ies hostl ivcoN muMzy keI vfr Bwj ky jgjIq Qytr jF nfvltI tfkI biTMzy jf ky ipkcr vyK afAuNdy aqy aDI rfqIN Bwj ky hI vfps af jFdy jF bfkI rfq stysLn dy bYNcF jF PrsL qy sON ky svyr vflI gwzI dy afKrI zibaF ivc ibn itkty cVH ky goinafxf mMzI dy stysLn qy gwzI rukx qoN pihlF hI Bwj ky hostl phuMc jFdy. jy ikqy isgnl zfAUn nf hoieaf huMdf qF gzI hostl dy lfgy hI ruk jFdI. mYN afpxI ijLMdgI dI pihlI ipkcr anmol GVI biTMzy dI bgYr Cwq vflI nfvltI tfkI ivc BuMjy bih ky vyKI ijs dI itkt iqMn afny huMdI sI. AuhnF simaF ivc iqMn afny iekTy krny sOKf kMm nhIN sI. akqUbr 1947 qoN mfrc 1951 qk dy Audfs qy grIb idnF ivc dsvIN jmfq pfs krn qIk mYN goinafxf mMzI, biTMzy aqy mihqy ivcHkfrly itwibaF df krIb 12 koh df pYdl qy ibn itktf sPr pqf nhIN ikMnI ku sO vfr kIqf hovygf. ikMnI ku vfr mlHy aqy byrIaF dy byr qoV ky KfDy hoxgy. keI vfr insrdy CoilaF dy pwiqaF ivc lUx imrc rlf ky qy hQF ivc eI guMnH qy rotI qy rK ky svfd mfixaf hovygf qy mflvy dy ies ielfky dy Kfry pfxI pIx nfl myry icwty dMdF df rMg pIlf pY igaf sI. ipCoN dMdF dy zfktr ny disaf ik ies nUM vftr mfrks kihMdy hn.

 

 

 

mihqy ipMz dIaF XfdF

 

mihqy vflI brfnI jLmIn df koeI Pfiedf nhIN sI. jLmIn vhux leI nf kol koeI sMd sn qy nf hI psU. BfvyN bfpU ny aimRqsr vwl gyVy mfr ky sLrIky dy kuJ lokF nUM lwB qfey sMqf ishuM, BfAU qfrf isMG, cfcf Aujfgr isMG qy cfcI rqn kOr dy prvfrF nUM eyQy mihqy lY aFdf qy jLmIn vI alft krvf idqI pr Auh 6 mhIinaF qoN vwD mihqy nf itky qy iPr aimRqsr vwl muV gey. AuhnF nUM EQy jo kwcI jLmIn alft hoeI hoeI sI, Auh mihqy vflI jLmIn nfloN ikqy vwD cMgI qy pfxI vflI sI. KulHy pfxIaF nfl bfr ivc vfhI krn vfly ijLmINdfrF nUM mflvy dI brfnI jLmIn, itwby qy KUh qoN pfxI dy GVy Br ky ilafAuxy ikQy cMgy lgdy sn. vYsy vI iek prvfr vwloN do QFeIN jLmIn alft krfAuxI srkfr nfl DoKf sI hflFik TIk itkfxf lBx leI lok drbdr Btk rhy sn aqy keI keI QfeIN jLmInF alft krvf lYNdy sn. aimRqsr df ielfkf bfr afbfd hox qoN pihlF df sfzf jwdI ielfkf sI. aimRqsroN nON ds mIl dUr vwly vflI nihr twp ky Cfpf, Pqihpur rfpUqF qoN agy sfzf purfxf jwdI pusLqI ipMz nvF ipMz sI ijQy sLrIky ivc vMz huMdI huMdI sfzI cfr eykV jLmIn rih geI sI ijs dy ihwsy Tyky df bVf afsrf sI. cfcy qfey qF sfnUM vI mihqf Cz ky aimRqsr vwl afAux df kih rhy sn pr EDr iksy ipMz ivc jLmIn dI vzI ZyrI nhIN lB rhI sI. dUjf bfpU kihMdf ik myry dsvIN pfs krn qIk mihqy vflI kwcI alftmYNt vflf awzf nf pitaf jfvy. dUjf srkfr ny pwkI alftmYNt vyly srIky kbIly vfilaF nUM iekTy kr hI dyxf sI. mYN vI BfAU qfrf isMG nfl aimRqsr df cwkr lf afieaf sF. mihqy qoN qur ky asIN biTMzf gey, EQoN iProjLpur qy EQoN jlMDr qy iPr aimRqsr qoN AurHF gihrI mMzI qoN Auqr ky pYdl nvyN ipMz af gey. drbfr sfihb aimRqsr mQf tykx igaF sLihr ivcoN lMGidaF vyiKaf ik muslmfnF dy keI Gr agF lf ky nsLt kr idqy gey sn. bIbI jIq kOr qy BfeIaf Bgvfn isMG vI iml gey jo afpxy purfxy ipMz injLfmpury eI af ky bih gey sn. AuhnF nUM jLmIn vI Esy ipMz ivc alft ho geI sI qy purfxf kwcf Gr vI rihx leI iml igaf sI. eyQy eI pqf lwgf ik qfieaf igafn isMG ijs nUM ZfbF isMG rfiet kys ivc pihlF PFsI qy iPr kfly pfxI dI sjLf hoeI sI, afp, qfeI qy CotI kuVI bhfvlpur qoN bc ky af gey sn pr vzI kuVI jo myry hfx dI sI jF myQoN QoVHI vzI sI, muslmfn DfVvIaF ny Koh leI sI. qfieaf igafn isMG eyDr af ky aimRqsr qoN ajnfly vwl jFdI sVk lfgy iek ipMz KYrfbfd ivc af ky gurdvfry df gRMQI lg igaf sI. ihMdosqfn ijs dI afjLfdI leI Auhny kfly pfxI dI sjLf kwtI sI, pfiksqfn ivcoN AujVn aqy jvfn kuVI dy Kohy jfx ny Auhdf lwk qoV idqf sI qy hfly AuhnUM ikqy jLmIn vI alft nhIN hoeI sI. Auh aksr pfiksqfn ivcoN ilaFdIaF jf rhIaF kuVIaF qy aOrqF nUM vyKx leI aimRqsr jFdf ik sLfied AuhnF ivc AuhdI kuVI vI af jfvy. jo aOrqF pfiksqfn ivcoN af rhIaF sn, AuhnF dI hflq bVI mfVI sI. keIaF dy pwtF, bfhvF aqy iZwzF Auqy pfiksqfn ijLMdfbfd Aukiraf hoieaf sI. keIaF dI CfqIaF vZIaF hoeIaF sn aqy keIaF nMU iBafxk rog lwgy hoey sn. keIaF dy mfpy jF Gr vfly AuhnF nUM svIkfr krnoN vI nFh kr rhy sn. ipCoN qfey dI kuVI vI af geI sI qy qfey ny AuhnUM gl lf ilaf sI. bfad ivc prqfp isMG kYroN ny jo qfey nUM afjLfdI leI jylHF kwtx kr ky cMgI qrHF jfxdf sI, ihsfr vwl awDf murwbf jLmIn bqOr PrIzm PfeItr alft krvf idqI sI pr qfey ny ieh kih ky jLmIn nf leI ik mYN dysL leI kIqIaF kurbfnIaF df mwul nhIN lYxf. keI vfr bfpU Jurdf ik jy qfey bylf isMG vFg bfr vflI jLmIn dy kuJ ikwly vyc ky gMgfngr lfgy ivkdI ssqI jLmIn KrId lYNdy qF aj Dky nhIN Kfxy pYxy sn. qfey bylf isMG dy kuVm ny jo nihr mihkmy ivcoN bVf vzf aPsr rItfier hoieaf sI, AuhnF nUM bVy ssqy Bfa 100 ivGf jLmIn muwl lY idqI sI. qfey bylf isMG df sfrf twbr gMgfngr dy cwkF ivc jf afbfd hoieaf sI aqy nvyN ipMz vflI rihMdI jLmIn AuhnF ny Tyky qy dy idqI sI. qfey bylf isMG df lVkf dlIp isMG ijs ny lfielpur qoN aYgrIklcr dI bI aYs sI kIqI sI, KyqI bfVI mihkmy ivc cIcfvqnIN ienspYktr lgf hoieaf sI. Ausdf bVy vzy Gr ivc ivafh hoieaf sI. Ausdy shury rihMdy qF lfhOr sn pr AuhnF df ipCf qrn qfrn lfgy ipMz Piqhfbfd df sI. ivafh AuhnF ny 1945 ivc ipMz af ky hI kIqf sI aqy mYN Es ivafh ivc jMjy igaf sF.

 

iek sincrvfr mYN gonyafxy mMzI qoN gzI PV ky biTMzy af igaf qy srsy jfx vflI inwkI gzI dI ptVIE ptVI mihqy nUM qur ipaf. jdoN rylvy vrksLfp ijs qoN pqf nhIN mYnUM ikAuN zr lgdf huMdf sI, koloN lMiGaf qF ijs gzI ivc mYN biTMzy afieaf sF, Auhdf ieMjn eyQy pfxI qy koielf lY irhf sI. eyQy aksr hI ikMny sfry ieMjx KVHy jF qury iPrdy idsdy rihMdy qy iehnF dI afvfjL bVI iBafxk jhI lgdI. ajy vI kdI kdI muslmfnF dIaF BrIaF gzIaF pfiksqfn nUM jf rhIaF sn. biTMzy qoN sLyrgVH nUM jFdI CotI gzI dI lfeIno lfeIn koh ku cwl ky sUey lfgy jo gwzI df zwbf rylvy lfeIn qoN lih ky izg ipaf sI, keI sfl EQy hI izgf irhf. ies sUey qy swjy muV qy agoN mihqy nUM jFdy iek hor sUey dy kMZy kMZy kfPI dUr qk pYdl clxf pYNdf sI. ies sUey dy dUjy pfsy joDpur ipMz dI hwd sI ijQy kfPI rIiPAUjI af ky vws gey sn. ieh sfrf rfh vIrfn bIafbfn sI qy bVf zr lgdf huMdf sI. pfiksqfn ivcoN qF bc ky af gey sF pr ieQy koeI vfrdfq ho jfvy qF iksy nUM koeI pqf eI nhIN lgxf sI. afjLfd Bfrq dy pihly isafl dIaF TMZV ivc pfiksqfnoN qurn vyly gzy qy rih igaf plwsL df gulfbI kot bhuq Xfd afAuNdf jo mF ny brmf qoN afey iksy prvfr qoN kpVf muwl lY ky drjLI qoN isvf ky idqf sI. mihqy pujdf qF mF nUM cfa cVH jFdf. pfiksqfn bnx qIk mYN kdI mF ipE qoN alwg nhIN irhf sF qy hux aTvIN kridaF mYN mihqy aqy sLivMdrf hfeI skUl goinafxf mMzI dy ivcHkfr XqImF vFg quiraf iPrdf sF.

 

jdoN myYN nOvIN ps kr ky 1949 ivc dsvIN ivc dfKl hoieaf qF iek idn iek sPYd posL bMdf hYzmfstr nUM kih ky sfzI jmfq ivcoN iek sOKy Gr dy muMzy nUM AuTf ky bfhr lY igaf qy ikMnf icr Auhdy hQF dIaF ryKf bVy ghu nfl vyKdf irhf. kuJ idnF bfad Auh iek pMzq nUM nfl lY ky iPr af igaf qy Es pMzq qoN Es muMzy dy hQF dIaF ryKfvF ivKfeIaF. iPr Kbr afeI ik Es muMzy df mMgxf ho igaf sI qy kuJ mhIinaF bfad ivafh vI rK idqf sI. nOvIN dsvIN pVHidaF pVHidaF iesy qrHF do iqMn hor muMizaF dy mMgxy vI ho gey qy mYnUM Xfd afieaf ik bfr dy ipMzF ivc jdoN asIN sOKy sF qF BfeIey Bgvfn isMG aqy bIbI jIq kOr ny pMjvIN pVHidaF myrf mMgxf vI qF svrnI nfl kr idqf sI ijs bfry koeI pqf nhIN sI ik Auh ikQy sI. jy pfiksqfn ivcoN Auh qy Auhdf prvfr bc ky af gey sn qF AuhnF nUM ikhVy ijLly ivc ikQy jLmIn alft hoeI sI.

 

pfiksqfn ivc rih gey skUl dI pVHfeI df mIzIam AurdU sI. eyQy vI AurdU sI pr nOvIN jmfq ivc AurdU df ivsLf bMd kr ky Es dI QF pMjfbI kr idqI geI. AurdU pVHfAux vfly tIcr ijnHF nUM pMjfbI nhIN afAuNdI sI, bdl idqy gey qy AuhnF dI QF igafnI tIcr af gey. sfnUM jo pMjfbI dIaF ikqfbF lwgIaF sn, Auh sfrIaF mYN kuJ hPiqaF ivc hI pVH leIaF sn. skUl dI lfiebryrI ivc peIaF mYN pMjfbI dIaF sfrIaF ikqfbF vI mYN pVH CzIaF ijnHF ivc nfnk isMG dy nfvlF qoN ielfvf gurbKsL isMG pRIq lVI, pRo: mohn isMG, sujfn isMG, drsLn isMG avfrf, pRIqm isMG sPIr qy ZfzI sohn isMG sIql dIaF keI ikqfbF vI sn. sfvy pwqr dIaF keI kivqfvF mYnUM jLbfnI Xfd ho geIaF sn. iehnF lyKkF nUM pVH ky myrf jIa krdf ik iehnF nUM imilaf jfvy qy pqf lgy ik ieh ikvyN ilKdy hn, iks qrHF dy iensfn hn, iks qrHF AuTdy bYTdy hn, iks qrHF rotI pfxI KFdy hn, iks qrHF dy kpVy pihxdy hn aqy iks qrHF gwl bfq krdy hn. biTMzy stysLn qy aKbfrF rsfly vycx vfly buk stfl qoN mYN AurdU aqy pMjfbI dy keI rsfly lY ky vI pVH lYNdf. buk stfl df mflk jo myrf vfikP bx igaf sI, keI vfr mYnUM AuDfr rsfly dy dyNdf. jF mYN pVH ky moV dyNdf. ies stfl qy aMgryjLI dy vI bVy rsfly afAuNdy sn. ieh stfl vfly ijnHF kol biTMzy dy rylvy stysLn qy aKbfrF qy rsfly vycx df Tykf sI, jdoN gzIaF afAuNdIaF qF hokf dy ky Esy qrHF aKbfr vyicaf krdy sn ijvyN cfh vycx vfly grm cfey df hokf dy ky cfh vycdy sn. cfh vycx vfly kuJ gzIaF dy nfl vI cldy sn. sLFm vyly AuhnF dI cfh vycx vflI afvfjL bVI AucI huMdI pr svyry jf ky jdoN afvfjLF kZ kZ ky Auh Qk jFdy qF AuhnF dy sMG ivcoN bVI musLkl nfl grm cfey dI afvfjL inkldI.

 

pMjfbI dy jo rsfly Es vyly Cpdy sn, AuhnF ivc amr khfxIaF, pRIqm, Pqih, jIvn pRIqI, PulvfVI qy pRIq lVI afid sn. pMjfbI dI Es vyly koeI aKbfr nhIN  sI. AurdU dy rsfly bIsvIN sdI, sLmHF aqy icqrf vI pVHdf. AurdU dy aKbfr imlfp, qyj qy prqfp vI pVHdf. jo vI mYN pVHdf, mYnUM jLnfnI Xfd ho jFdf.  kuJ rUsI lyKkF dIaF anuvfd pusqkF ny mYnUM bhuq pRBfivq kIqf. ijMnf kuJ mYN pVHdf sF, skUl ivc koeI hor muMzf Gwt hI pVHdf sI. iesdf iek nuksfn ieh hoieaf ik mYnUM skUl dIaF pVHfeI vflIaF bfkI ikqfbF cMgIaF nf lgdIaF. aljbry qy PfrsI qoN mYnUM bVI nPrq sI. ies qoN pihlF bfr dy murwibaF ivc mYN keI ikwsy jo myilaF jF swcy sOdy dI misaf qoN bfpU lY ky idMdf, pVH ky jLbfnI Xfd kr ley sn ijnHF ivc hIr vfrs sLfh, ijLMdgI iblfs, siqgur mihmf, jfnI cor, ikwsf JgVf GugI qy kF, cfh qy lwsI, idEr qy BfbI, Kwdr qy mlml, BfnI mfrF dI krqUq sn. nOvIN dsvIN ivc hI gfrgI df iekFgI byby qy sMq isMG syKoN dI khfxI pymI dy inafxy sfzy kors ivc sn. iehnF dohF ny myry mn qy bVf zUMGf asr kIqf. ieh vI pqf lgf ik gfrgI eyDr biTMzy vwl df sI. pymI dy inafxy khfxI pVH ky mYN afpxI ijLMdgI dI pihlI khfxI TIk EvyN hI mihqy ipMz dy qylIaF vfly Gr dy drvfjLy ivc bYT ky ilKI jo dsMbr 1950 ivc dsvIN pVHidaF aimRqsroN inkldy rsfly amr khfxIaF ivc aYm[ bI[ mihqf nF Qly Cp geI qy skUl ivc myrf nF msLhUr ho igaf. iesy AuqsLfh aDIn hI dsvIN pVHidaF qk mYN pMj khfxIaF hor ilKIaF jo jIvn pRIqI, pRIqm, Pqih qy kuJ rsfilaF ivc Cp geIaF qy ieMj ipMz mihqy ivc myry lyKk bnx dI nINh rKI geI qy myrf hOslf vDdf igaf. sdIvI cfnx khfxI dI bVI crcf hoeI jo mYN Es smyN dy Audfs mosm qy grIb idnF ivc hr qrHF dIaF dIaF ryKfvF dy afr pfr ivcridaF ilKI sI. ies khfxI ivc cMgIaF BlIaF aKF vflyy iek muMzy nUM skUloN ies leI kZ idqf jFdf hY ik Auhdy mF ipE aMnHy hn, grIb hn qy mMgqy hn. iek rfq Auhdf ipE Aus dIaF dovyN aKF aMnHIaF kr dyNdf hY qy kihMdf hY ik qUM pVH nhIN sikaf, qYnUM skUl ivcoN kZ idqf igaf hY. aMnHy hox ipCoN hux qYnUM mMgx vyly koeI qfanf nhIN mfrygf. bhuq lok myrI ieh khfxI pVH ky ro pYNdy ik ikvyN iek mjbUr bfp afpxy sunwKIaF aKF vfly muMzy nUM aMnHf kr dyNdf hY. myrf nF rsfilaF ivc afAux lg ipaf sI qy skUl ivc mYN dUijaF nfloN afpxy afp nUM Aucf Aucf aqy vKrf vKrf mihsUs krdf sF. cVHdI jvfnI dI Aumry aKbfrF ivc myrF nF Cpxf sUrU ho jfx mYnUM keI vfr ieMj lgdf ijvyN mYN hIro sF aqy myry insLfny qy klpnf bhuq AucI sI. mYN iek dm bhuq Aucf cVH jfxf chuMdf sF. mYN afpxf nF bxfAux dy supxy lYx lwgf. iek khfxI mYN AurdU ivc ilK ky icqrf aKbfr nUM ByjI qy Auh vI Cp geI.

 

nfl pVHdy ijnHF muMizaF dIaF mMgxIaF ho geIaF sn jF ivafh vI ho gey sn, Auh aDI CwutI vyly skUl dy ipCvfVy bxy prxfilaF qy bYT rotI Kfx ipCoN stysLn qy gzIaF vyKx af jFdy. stysLn skUl dy nfl sI. gwzI ivc svfr sohxIaF svfrIaF dy Jlkfry lYx leI plyt Pfrm qy gyVy kZdy. ipMz nhIaF vfly dy pfr rylvy lfeIn lfgy bxy hostl ivcoN nws biTMzy jf ky jgjIq Qytr qy bgYr Cwq vflI nfvltI tfkI ivc jf ky ipkcrF vyKdy. anmol GVI ijs ivc sureIaf, suirMdr qy nUr jhF ny kMm kIqf sI, qoN bfad mYN vI AuhnF dy nfl keI iPlmF ijvyN bfjLfr, cMdr lyKf, dulfrI, insLfn, lwCI, CeI, sLhId, ndIaf ky pfr, brsfq, lfhOr, koiel, smfDI, mdfrI, bfbul, bVI bihx, idl lgI, do pfiksqfnI iPlmF lfry qy Pyry albylf, aPsr vgYrf kfPI ipkcrF asIN vyK leIaF sn. mYnUM iehnF iPlmF dy keI gfxy qy khfxIaF jLbfnI Xfd ho geIaF. Qytr dy bfhr ieh gfxy afny afny ivc ivkdy sn ijs dy ipCly pfsy iPlm dI sMKyp khfxI vI CpI huMdI sI. Es vyly dy bhuq sfry aYktrF aqy aYktrYsF dI vI mYnUM pCfx ho geI sI ijvyN dlIp kumfr, asLok kumfr, dyvf anMd, moqI lfl, ky aYn isMG, sLfm, krn dIvfn, mjnU, gop, rMjn, prfn, rihmfn, Em prkfsL, rfjkpUr, kfmnI kosLl, nrigs, sureIaf, gIqf bflI, inmI, munvr sulqfnf. mDUbflf afid. myrf bfl mn iehnF iPlmF aqy pVHy jf rhy nfvlF afid df asr bhuq burI qrHF kbUl irhf sI. trYijk iPlmF qy nfvl mYnUM ijLafdf cMgy lgdy. dlIp kumfr bhuq psMdIdf aYktr bx igaf qy Es df asr kbUlidaF mYN bhuq jjLbfqI bxdf jf irhf sF. kdI kdI mYN dsvIN dI pVHfeI ivcy Cz GroN Bwj ky aYktr bnx bfry vI socdf pr bMbeI jfx df ikrfieaf ikQy sI. eys kcI Aumry vyKIaF iPlmF aqy pVHy nfvl dunIaF vyKx vfly myry bfl mn Auqy Cf ky rfj krn lg pey sn. iehnF myry aMdr ajIb iksm dI isrP JuxJuxI hI nhIN pYdf kr idqI sI sgoN iek ag lf idqI sI. bws mYN kuJ bnxf chuMdf sF qy bhuq agy vDxf chuMdf sF ik iek dm myrf nF msLhUr ho jfvy aqy mYN bhuq amIr ho jfvF. iek bfad dopihr skUl ivc CutI kr ky skUl dy sfry muMizaF nUM goinafxy mMzI dy Qfxy ivc kqfr bMnH ky jfx leI ikhf igaf. puls ny ielfky df iek Kqrnfk zfkU mfr ky AuhdI lfsL Qfxy dy ivhVy ivc rKI hoeI sI qy pblk qoN ielfvf skUl dy sfry muMizaF nUM vI ivKfeI geI. mYN ijLMdgI ivc pihlI vfr iek miraf hoieaf zfkU vyiKaf sI ijs dI Aumr 40 ku sflF dy krIb hovygI. golIaF lgx kfrn AuhdI lfsL KUMn nfl lQ pQ sI. Aus nUM vyK ky zr afAuNdf sI. ieh zr mYnUM bhuq idn afAuNdf irhf pr iek gwl jLrUr sI ik ielfky ivc Ausdf nF sI. AuhdI mOq dI Kbr aKbfrF ivc CpI sI. afpxf nF bnfAux leI kuJ nf kuJ qF krnf hI pYNdf hY. agy vDx qy afpxf nF bnfAux dy ckrF ivc mYN idn rfq ipaf rihMdf. 

dsvIN pVHidaF grmIaF dIaF CwutIaF hoeIaF qF mYN afpxIaF ikqfbF cwuk mihqy af igaf. myrI mF kih rhI sI myrf puwq jvfn huMdf jf irhf hY qy kwd vI kZ irhf hY pr hfly mYnUM dfVHI muwC pUrI qrHF nhIN sI PuwtI. sFJy KulHy drvfjLy dy afpxy vfly pfsy mMjf zfh ky aqy afpxf isr QMmI nfl lf ky mYN afpxIaF ikqfbF pVHdf. dUjy pfsy cfnx jwt dI kuVI ijs df nF mihk (aslI nhIN) ijs qy TfTF mfrdI jvfnI cVH afeI sI. husn AuhdIaF imRgnYxI awKF, anfr dy dfixaF vFg jVy icty dMdF, isE vrgIaF glHF qy muskrFdy ichry ivcoN zulH zuLlH pYx lg ipaf sI. KUh cVHy qy jdoN Auh isr qy pfxI dy do do GVy iekTy cuk ky ilafAuNdI qF ipMz dy gBrU AuhdI ihrnotI qor qy keI vfr afvfjLF ksdy pr Auh iksy nUM jwuqI Qly nhIN ilafAuNdI sI. Auh qy AuhdIaF shylIaF drvfjLy ivc iekTIaF ho afpxy vfly pfsy PulkfrIaF kZdIaF, crKy kwqdIaF, srHfixaF qy hry rMg dy lfl cuMJ vfly qoqy bxfAuNdIaF ijnHF dIaF aKF ivc AuhnF dy supxy proey huMdy. Auh gIqF dIaF hykF kZ kZ gfAuNdIaF qy iPr bolIaF pOx lg pYNdIaF. qIaF dy idn hox kr ky keI vfr EQy hI igwDf pOx qy nwcx vI lg pYNdIaF. hr kuVI vfrI vfrI bolI pONdI qy dUjI Aus nUM agoN cuk lYNdI. mYN hYrfn sF ik iehnF nUM aYnIaF bolIaF ikvyN Xfd sn. iek kuVI ny bolI cukI:-

qfrF qfrF qfrF-----------------

bolIaF df KUh Br idaF ijQoN pfxI Brn muitafrF

bolIaF dI sVk bMnHF ijQy cldIaF motr kfrF

bolIaF dI gwzI Br idaF ijQy cVHdy lok hjLfrF

gzIaF dI nihr Br idaF ijQy lgdy moGy nflF

nI ijAuNdI qUM mr geI jdoN kZIaF Xfr ny gflF

afKrI bolI qy sfrIaF iekTIaF ho ky bolI nUM cwukdIaF qy igwDf pONdIaF afKrI bolI nUM bfr bfr duhrONdIaF

 

 

 

myrf pihlf pihlf ipafr-

 

mihqy ipMz ivc idl lgxf sLurU ho igaf sI. iek bwcy nUM dysL vMz dy gmF nfl kI. hOlI hOlI ijlLf sLyKUpurf ivc Czy ipMz cwk nMbr 78, pky zwly dIaF kbrF df mylf, inkI nihr c nhfAuxf qy tuBIaF lfAuxIaF, bfby nfnk df swcf sOdf, nnkfxf sfihb dI bfl lIlf, vfrsL sLfh df jMizaflf, jhFgIr bfdsLfh df hrn mnufrf qy ivrk twpy dIaF dlyrIaF mYnUM ivwsrxIaF sLurU ho geIaF. mlviaF df ieh ipMz mYnUM afpxf ipMz jfpdf. afQx nUM muMzy mYnUM mihqy dIaF inafeIaF ivc iKdo KUMZI Kzyx leI lY jFdy. Auh boldy:

sflf PrUjI ijhf sfiraF dy mUhr dI iKdo kZ lYNdy---

sfly dIaF lqF qF vyK ijvyN zoeI huMdI af----

Jfkdf vyK ijvyN myly c ipE guaficaf huMdY----

iKdo lY ky jFdy dy iksy ny KUMzf CMz qF AUN eI kTf ijhf ho jU----

nk vyK sfly df ijvyN ghIry qy kfto bYTI huMdI af---

sflf musilaF vwty vtfieaf---

 

ies ipMz ivc rihMidaF hOlI hOlI mYnUM vI bhuq sfrIaF bolIaF qy lok gIq Xfd ho gey kuJ gvFZI kuVIaF koloN sux sux ky aqy kuJ muMizaF dIaF ZfxIaF ivc bYT bYT ky. bhuq agy jf ky jdoN mYN pMjfb XUnIvristI cMzIgVH ivKy lok Xfxk pKoN zf: qrlok isMG kMvr dI agvfeI hyT pMjfbI lok gIqF dy mfiDam duafrf iesqrI pfqr df aiDan dy ivsLy qy pI[ aYc[ zI[ kr irhf sF qF Es vyly dIaF mihqy ipMz ivc suxIaF qy cyqy hoeIaF bolIaF, lok gIqF aKOqF aqy muhfviraF ny myrf bVf sfQ idqf. kuVI jMmx qoN lY ky mOq qk ijvyN DI, BYx, pRyimkf, vhutI, noNh, sflI, BrjfeI, drfxI, ijTfxI, mF qy sws hr rUp qy irsLqy ivcoN lMGdIaF avsQfvF bfry pMjfbI lok gIq Bry pey sn. imsfl dy qOr qy ivafh ipCoN bwcf nf hox dI sLkl ivc log gIq mOjUd sI, qYnUM kuC nf lwgf muitafry byrIaF nUM byr lg gey pr mihqy dIaF iqMn GtnfvF mYnUM bhuq prysLfn krdIaF sn. iek qF jdoN ajy ipMz ivc nvyN nvyN afey eI sF qF sMn 48 dy sLurU ivc iek vzyrI Aumr dy CVy df iek bhuq CotI Aumr dI kuVI nfl ivafh ho igaf sI qy ipMz dIaF jnfnIaF vhutI vyKx leI CVy dy Gr jf rhIaF sn qy rupeIaF aiTafxI sgn vI pONdIaF sn. mYnUM vI myrI mF myrI AuNgl PV ky vhutI vyKx leI lY geI. iek mMjy qy Kys iviCaf hoieaf sI jo mYly nfl Biraf hoieaf sI. Aus qy iek CotI jhI kuVI ijsdI suQx qy vI mYly dy dfg sn, GuMZ kZIN qy goizaF ivc isr dy ky ro rhI sI aqy afpxf mUMh iksy nUM ivKf nhIN rhI sI.

 

krV brVI kwtI dfVHI vflf Auhdf aDKV Aumr df bMdf iek nukry bYTf hwukI (iclm) pI irhf sI. Es kuVI dI jo durdsLf sI, Es ny myry bfl mn nUM ihlUx ky rK idqf sI. iek ablf kuVI dI ieh durdsLf, qMgdsqI aqy lIro lIr kIqy srIr qy mn dI ieh kruxfmeI JfkI mYnUM cyqy af ky bhuq lMmy smyN qk ivafkl krdI rhI. bhuq sflF bfad jd mYN afpxI bhu crcq khfxI blfqkfr ilKI qF vhutI bxI Auh jLKmI kuVI myry iKaflF ivc peI qVp rhI sI.

 

dUjI Gtnf iek vfr myrI mF ny mYnUM nfl dy ipMz ivc KoqI qy dfxy ipsfAux leI kuJ CiVaF nfl Byj idqf sI ijnHF afpxy dfxy boqIaF qy lwdy hoey sn. cwkI Krfb hox kr ky sfnUM rfq dy bfrF vj gey qy jdoN asIN muVy qF Auh CVy dysI dfrU nfl rwjy hoey sn. mYnUM afty smyq AuhnF ny iek boqI qy ibTf idqf qy KoqI nUM hnyry ivc itibaF qoN prHF lY gey. kfPI dyr bfad jd vfps afey qF iek CVy ny dfqr ivKf ky mYnUM ikhf ik jy ikqy gwl inklI qF ies dfqr nfl qyrf gl vZ ky itwby ivc nwp idaFgy. mYN zrdf sfrI Aumr ies vihsLI Gtnf nUM Bulx dI koisLsL krdf irhf.

 

qIjI Gtnf ipMz dy gurdvfry dy BfeIaF df myrI Aumr df ieko iek muMzf mfipaF nfl mukqsr df mylf vyKx igaf vfps prqidaF kot kpUry qoN agly stysLn qy pfxI pIx leI gzI ivcoN AuqiraF qy gwzI cwl peI. Auh muMzf mfipaF nUM muV ky kdI vI nf lBf. ieko iek muMzy dy dobfrf nf imlx kr ky AuhdI mF dy vYx suxy nhIN jFdy sn.

 

drvfjLy ivc PulkfrIaF kZdIaF kuVIaF afKrI bolI qy af ky jdoN iekTIaF ho ky bolI nUM cwukdIaF qy igwDf pONdIaF qF afKrI bolI nUM bfr bfr duhrONdIaF. ieh iKV iKV hsdIaF qy ivafhIaF koloN AuhnF dIaF pihlIaF rfqF dIaF hwzbIqIaF sux sux KusLI ivc KIvIaF huMdIaF. BfvyN Auh amIr nhIN sn mYN iehnF nUM kdy Audfs nhIN vyiKaf sI. AuhnF nUM gwlF ieMj PurdIaF sn ijvyN pihlF eI pqf hovy ik agoN kI Auwqr kI dyxf hY. iPr Auh keI ieho jh KulHy mKOl iek dUjIaF nfl krdIaF ijvyN AuhnF nUM ieh aihsfs hI nf hovy ik AuhnF dy kol hI dUjy pfsy iek cOdF pMdrF sflF df muMzf AuhnF dIaF gwlF sux irhf hY. jy koeI tokdI qy myry hox df ijLkr kr dyNdI qF msqI ivc afeIaF cFBlIaF muitafrF ieh kih ky dUjI nUM cwup krf dyNdIaF ik ieh qF kuVIaF vrgf muMzf ey. iehdy qF hfly muC vI nhIN PutI. sfzIaF gwlF sux sux ky ieh vI jvfn ho jfeygf. myrI pVHfeI ivc AuhnF dIaF KulHIaF gwlF bVf ivGn pONdIaF pr jy mYN aMdr jf ky pVHdf qF EQy bVI grmI qy hums sI. iek idn iek kuVI AuTI qy Es ny ryqy df buk Br ky myry isr ivc pf idqf qy iPr AuhnF df hfsf bMd nf hovy.

 

nI iehnUM pVHn idE, ikAuN qMg krdIaF ho, mihk ny AuhnF nUM inhoiraf aqy AuT ky afpxy gory qy kUly hQF dIaF AuNglF nfl hOlI hOlI sfrf ryqf myry isr dy vflF ivcoN kZ idqf. kdI kdI AuhdIaF AuNglF myry gory mQy, iqKy nwk qy glHF nUM vI Cuh jFdIaF. iek kuVI kihMdI,

nI jy qUM iehdI hoeI mrdI eyN qF iehdy nfl ivafh eI krvf lY. pVH ilK ky ijQy nOkrI lgUgf jF POj ivc BrqI ho jfAUgf qF qYnUM vI nfl eI lY jUgf qy KUhF qoN pfxI dy GVy BrnoN qy psUaF df gohf kUVf cukxo qyrI jfn Cuwt jUgI.

 

grmIaF dIaF CutIaF ivc rojL vFg drvfjLy dy afpxy vfly pfsy QMmI nfl isr lfeIN pVH irhf sF qF iek idn kuVIaF mihk nUM ivfah vflf lfl sUt pvf, hfr isLMgfr kr, isr qy swgI Puwl, hQF ivc cUVf, pYrF ivc pMjybF, hQF qy mihMdI lf, nhuM pflsL qy dMdfsf ml qy vhutI bxf, GuMz kZ ky, myry agy lY aFdf qy ikhf ik guzy guzI df ivafh krnf hY qy ivafh dy gIq gOx lg peIaF. iek kuVI ny myry hQ ivc sotI PVf mihk dy agy agy qurn leI ikhf qy nfly Auhdf GuMZ cukx leI. myry ivc qF Auhdf GuMZ cukx dI ihMmq nhIN sI. afKr iek kuVI ny hI Auhdf GuMz cuk idqf. Aus ny afpxIaF JukIaF aKF Aupr nf cukIaF qy nf hI myry vwl vyiKaF pr iek ivafh dy ilbfs ivc mn dIaF qrMgF nfl BrI hoeI koeI ipMz dI kuVI aYnI ijLafdf sohxI ho skdI hY, mYN sfrI Aumr Bwul nf sikaf. mYN AuhnF qoN ipCf Cuzf ky Bj ky aMdr af igaf pr AuhnF df kdy vI nf mukx vflf hfsf myrI ipT sux rhI sI. bhuq agy jf ky ies Gtnf nUM afDfr bxf ky mYN iek bhu crcq khfxI ilKI, asF bykdrF nfl lfeIaF ilKI jo ajy vI pfTk bVy cfa nfl pVHdy hn.

 

iehnF idnF ivc hI mF dy iek kuVI jMmI jo kuJ idnF dI ho mr geI. mF bImfr ho ky mMjy qy pY geI. pIx vfly pfxI dy GVy KUh qoN Br ky qy cuk ky kOx ilafvy. mYN iek idn GVf Br ky isr qy rK ky ilaf irhF sF ik myry isr qoN pfxI nfl Bry GVy df Bfr shfr nf hoieaf qy GVf myry isr qoN rfh ivc hI izg ky twut igaf qy sfrf pfxI zulH igaf. vyKx vfly GVf izgf vyK ky AucI AucI hsx lg pey. jdoN mihk ny izgf GVf vyiKaf qF afpxy icty dMdF coN iek muskfx sutdI agy lMG geI. jdoN mYN Gr phMuicaf qF Es sfzy GroN do GVy isr qy cuky qy dovyN KUh qoN Br ky sfzy Gr lY aFdy qy Auprlf GVf Auhdy isr qoN luhfAux leI mYnUM AuhdI mdd krnI peI pr keI jwtIaF iek iek kr ky bgYr mdd dy dovyN Bry GVy isrF qoN lfh lYNdIaF sn. Es idn mihk ny sfzy sfry GVy KUh qoN Br ky lY aFdy. isr qy do do qOVy rK ky sfzy Gr vI pfxI Br jfxf qy afpxy vI, ies kuVI ivc ikMnI jfn sI. drvfjLy vflI QMmI nfl isr lf ky pVHnf mYN Cz idqf qy grmI ivc koTy aMdr bYT ky hI pVHn dI koissLL krdf. iek idn mYN mihsUs kIqf ik dohF GrF dI sFJI kMD ivc mihk dy Gr vfly pfisEN ruk ruk ky kMD qy KVky dI afvfjL af rhI sI. mYN iDafn nfl kMD nfl kMn lf ky suixaf qy jdoN Es pfsy qoN kMD qy KVky dI afvfjL ruk jFdI qF eyDroN mYN kMD KVkfAux lg jFdf. jdoN mYN ruk jFdf qF Es pfsy qoN KVky dI afvfjL afAux lg pYNdI. keI vfr Auh ivhVy dI sFJI kMD ivc kZI bfrI kol af ky Klo jFdI. mYN vI hOslf kr ky EQy jf KloNdf. mYnUM vyK ky Auh nIvIN pf lYNdI qy mUMh ivcoN koeI sLbd nf boldI. kMD qy KVkf krn qy bfrI ivc iek dUjy sfhmxy Klo ky iek dUjy nUM vyKx df ieh islislf kfPI dyr cldf irhf pr sfzy kdy vI bol sFJy nf hoey. jd kdI bfhr KyqF vwl jFidaF jF CpV ivcoN mJF nuhfx jFidaF AuhdIaF shylIaF df JuMz mYnUM iml jFdf qF Auh Kfs kr ijhVIaF ivafhIaF hoeIaF sn, Auhdf nF lY ky Auh mYnUM CyVdIaF. mYN AuhnF qoN Gbrf ky bcx dI koisLsL krdf. guzI guzy dy ivafh vflI Gtnf df ipMz ivc pqf lg igaf sI. hux qF ipMz dy keI cobr vI mYnUM Auhdf nF lY lY ky CyVdy. iPr iek idn kI hoieaf ik dohF GrF ivcfly jo KflI bfrI sI, cMnx isMG ny kwcIaF ietF dI kMD kZ ky isry qk pUr idqI. hux ies QF qoN hux iek dUjy nUM vyiKaf nhIN jf skdf sI. mMjy qy cVH ky hI dUjy pfsy JfqI mfrI jf skdI sI. jd myrI mF ny mihk dI mF kol bfrI bMd krn dI gwl kIqI qF Auh kihx lwgI ik mihk df ipE kihMdf sI ik kuVI hux jvfn ho geI hY qy prdf krnf TIk hY. hux isvfey kMD ivc KVkf kr ky iek dUjy df hfl cfl puCx qoN isvf sMcfr df hor koeI cfrf nhIN rih igaf sI jF kdI kdI drvfjLy ivc lMGidaF tpidaF tfkrf ho jFdf. Auh kuJ plF leI ruk jFdI qy muskrf ky aKF nIvIaF kr lYNdI. hfly qk asIN jLbfn sFJI nhIN kIqI sI.

 

grmIaF dIaF CutIaF Kqm hox vflIaF sn qy myrf skUl nUM vfps jfx df smF nyVy af irhf sI. mYN afny bhfny drvfjLy ivc jf ky Auhdy Gr vl dy drvfjLy vwl vyKdf qF keI vfr Auh drvfjLy dIaF JIqF ivcoN myry vwl ivMhdI ids jFdI qy muskrf ky nIvIN pf lYNdI. ijs idn mYN skUl jfx leI quiraf qF Auh    afpxy Gr vfly pfisEN myry vwl vyK rhI sI. vzy drvfjLy kol jf jd mYN ipCy muV ky vyiKaf qF AuhdIaF Audfs aKF myrI ipwT vwl vyK rhIaF sn ijnHF ivc aQrU sn. jdoN mF myrf isr plos ky ipCy muV geI qF Auh ibjlI dI qyjLI nfl afeI qy kpVy ivc vlyitaf iek kuwjf PVf ibnF koeI bol sFJf kIiqaF Esy vyly muV geI.

 

mYN ryqy dy itwibaF ivcoN sLyr gVH stysLn nUM jf irhf sF pr mYnUM lwg irhf sI ik ajy vI do aKF myrf ipCf kr rhIaF sn qy myrI kMz ivc KuB geIaF sn. AuhdIaF AuNglF dy poty ijnHF myry isr dy vflF ivcoN ryq kZI sI, dI Cfp myry isr ivc mihsUs ho rhI sI. toNhdf sF qF EQy kuJ nhIN idsdf sI pr hQ prHF kridaF hI AuNglF dy poitaF dI Cfp iPr mihsUs hox lg pYNdI sI. kwky ryqy dy jwLry jwLry ivcoN sony dy ikxikaF dI Bfa ivKfeI dy rhI sI. vgdI hnyrI ivcoN Auhdy sfh sux rhy sn. hostl af ky vyiKaf qF coNdy iGE dI cUrI nfl kwujf nko nwk Biraf hoieaf sI. myrI dsvIN dI pVHfeI pUry jLorF qy sI qy hux myrf pVHfeI ivc idl nf lgdf. ikqfb df vrkf Proldf qF ikqfb dy siPaF ivcoN AuhdI qsvIr sfhmxy idsdI. pVHdf qF kuJ pwly nf pYNdf. jI krdf ik CyqI ipMz jfvF qF AuhnUM jI Br ky vyKF. iek idn muMizaF nfl iPlm mylf vyKx igaf qF mYnUM lwgf ik mihk qF ies iPlm dI hIroien nrigs nfloN ikqy vD suhxI sI. ijs idn df AuhnUM vhutI vfly ilbfs ivc vyiKaf sI, Auh mn qy aKF ivc aYnf ijLafdf KuB igaf sI ik aKF hux kuJ hor vyKx nMU iqafr hI nhIN sn.

 

aglI vfr jd mYN ipMz igaf qF mF dwsx lwgI ik mihk afeI sI qy myry pYr PV ky kihx lgI ik mYnUM afpxI noNh bxf lY, sfrI Aumr qyrI syvf krUMgI qy pYr Do Do ky pIaf krUMgI-----. mYN mF dI gwl sux ky cwup irhf qy cUrI vflf KflI kuwjf cONky culHy dy hfry ivc rK idqf. Auh ibjlI vFg afeI, myry vwl iek ingHf Br ky vyiKaf, nfjLk bulHF qy muskfx afeI qy aKF nIvIaF. PurqI nfl cUrI vflf KflI kwujf bukl ivc lukf ky lY geI.

 

 

 

kwc dIaF cUVIaF

 

1949 dI aF grmIaF ajy pUrI qrHF Kqm nhIN sn hoeIaF. hux mYN lg Bg hr sicrvfr hI ipMz af jFdf. rfq nUM vwt lgdf qy mCV lVdf. mYN afpxf mMjf koTy dI Cwq qy cVHf ilaf qy sLfmIN EQy bYT ky pVHdf qy rfq nUM EQy hI sON jFdf. Cwq qoN nfl dy Gr keI vfr qurI iPrdI mihk vI ids pYNdI. iksy vyly drvfjLy coN lMGidaF, KUh qoN pfxI BridaF jF CpV qy psUaF nUM pfxI ipafAux igaF tfkrf ho jFdf. drvfjLy ivc bYT ky PulkfrIaF kZx leI bYTxf hux bMd ho cukf sI. qIaF dy idn kt ky pyky afeIaF ivafhdVF vfps shurIN muV heIaF sn. bfkI dIaF afpxIaF shylIaF nfl jd kdI Auh bfhr aMdr geI ids pYNdI qF AusdIaF shylIaF Auhdf nF lY ky mYnUM mKOl krno nf tldIaF. nI afh jFdf mihk df---PV lf iehdI bFh qy lf lf ihk nfl. myrI Aumr ajy mihkF mfnx dI nhIN sI qy mYN pUrI qrHF AuhnF dy smyN df hfxI nhIN sF. Aumr inmfxI qy gwlF vzIaF sn. mflvy ivc ijnHF kuVIaF mMizaF dy ivafh hoxy huMdy sn, Auh CotI Aumry hI ho jFdy sn qy ijhVy ax-dfhVIey muMzy ivafh dI ryKf qoN agy lMG jFdy, Auh CiVaF dI ZfxI ivc jf vVdy sn qy nsLy piqaF ivc lg jFdy sn. keI vfr iehnF CiVaF nfl mYN afpxI mJ qy gAU cfrn jFdf. mJ cr rhI huMdI qy mYN mJ Auqy bYT ky ikqfb pVHdf rihMdf. CVy myrI ies gwl df bVf ruab mMndy ik iek qF mYnUM pVHnf afAuNdf sI dUjy mYN bhuq suhxf sF qy myry qy jvfnI cVH rhI sI. kdI Auh jfnI cor df ikwsf jF hIr df ikwsf jF BfnI mfrF dI krqUq df ikwsf lY afAuNdy qy mYnUM AucI AucI pVH ky sunfAux leI kihMdy. kdI kdI Auh mYnUM ipMz dI iksy kuVI nUM Byjx leI rwukf ilKx leI afKdy pr ieh jfx ky ik kuVI nUM ikhVf pVHnf afAuNdf sI, rwukf pfV dyNdy. pr mYN aYnf smJx lg ipaf sF ik iehnF dy idlF ivc kI sI.

 

iek kflI bolI rfq nUM mYN koTy dI Cq qy GUk suqf ipaf sF. lgdf sI ik rfq aDI lMG cukI sI. mYnUM mihsUs hoieaf ik koeI myry isr dy vflF ivc polIaF polIaF AuNglF Pyr irhf sI qy Aus ny afpxf pUrf mUMh isr lpyitaf hoieaf sI. zr nfl myrI jfg KulH geI. hosL jvfb idMdI jf rhI sI. ieh qF koeI jnfnf srIr sI qy smJx ivc dyr nf lwgI ik ieh qF mihk sI jo gUVHy hnyry coN afpxy koTy dI Cwq qoN sfzy koTy dI Cwq qy af geI sI. mYN hnyry ivc hI Auhdy agy hQ joV idqy qy bhuq dbI jLbfn ivc AuhnUM clI jfx leI ikhf pr Auh jf nhIN rhI sI. Auh jf nhIN rhI sI pr hnyry dy nksLF ivc mYN AuhnUM jfx leI mjbUr kr idqf qy hnyry ivc hI iek sfieaf mYN nfl dy koTy vl hOlI hOlI jFdf vyK irhf sF. rfq BfvyN lMG geI pr lMmf smF mYnUM ieh smJ nf afeI ik ieh spnf sI jF aslIaq. 

 

mihqy vflI brfnI jLmIn qoN afmdn nf hox kfrn kVfkf isMG ny bfpU nUM bfjLfr lOx dI slfh idqI aqy idwlIEN jf ky bfjLfr lfAux df sfmfn lY idqf. mflvy ivc bfjLfr lfAux df mqlb ipMzoN ipMz jf muinafrI df sfmfn vycxf sI ijs ivc mlvYxF kwc dIaF cUVIaF bVy cfa nfl cVHfAuNdIaF sn. mYN qy bfpU iek KoqI qyrKI lkV dI vihxI dy dovIN pfsIN muinafrI df sfmfn rK ky mihqy dy lfgly ipMzF ijvyN gihrI BfgI, gihrI butr, sihxy vfl afid ivc lY jFdy qy ijQy KUh huMdf, Auhdy lfgy Kys qy cfdr ivCf ky cUVIaF qy hor sfmfn lf idMdy. pfxI Brn afeIaF hr Aumr dIaF mlvYxF cUVIaF cVHfAux leI tuwt ky pY jFdIaF qy AuhnF dI ijLd huMdI ik BIVI qoN BIVI cUVI jF vMg cVHfeI jfvy. keI vfr vMgF cVHfAuNidaF vMgF twut jFdIaF jF mfs ivc KuB jFdIaF qF EQoN lhU inklx lwg pYNdf. pr iPr AuhnF dI ijLd BIVIaF vMgF cVHfx dI huMdI. keI vfr cUVI aD ivc aV jFdI qy nf agy qurdI qy nf ipCy. iehnF aOrqF ivc jo bhUaF huMdIaF, slvfrF AuqoN dI vzy vzy Ggry qy isr qy swgI Pwul pf ky afAuNdIaF. bfkI ipMz dIaF kuVIaF df ilbfs sfdf huMdf. keIaF qy jvfnI dy nksL AuBrny sLurU ho rhy huMdy. ipMzF dy cobr KUhF qoN pfxI Brn afeIaF iehnF aOrqF dy husn df Jlkfrf lYx leI KuMZF qy bYTy muCF nUM qfa idMdy qy kqrIaF dfhVIaF ivc hQ Pyrdy. keI sfzy lgy bfjLfr dy ipCy af ky Klo jFdy qy bfpU AuhnF nUM GUrdf qy cly jfx leI kihMdf pr keI Auh agoN lVn nUM pYNdy qy bfjLfr cukvf dyx dI DmkI idMdy. vzI Aumr dIaF jnfnIaF dy bfpU vMgF cVHfAuNdf qy CotI Aumr dIaF kuVIaF dy hQF qy vMgF cVHfAux df kMm mYN hOlI hOlI iswK ilaf. ies vpfr ivc BIVI vMg cVHfAux ligaF aksr kuVIaF gwut qy pIV hox dI sLkfieq krdIaF qy keI vfr aD ivc PsI cUVI qoVnI vI pYNdI. hQ dy mfs nUM bQyrf ml ml ky qy polf kr kr ky cUVI agy jF ipCy krn dI koisLsL krnI pr tuwt jfx qy hQ ivcoN lhU vgx lg pYxf. tuwtI vMg dy pYsy nf idMdIaF ikENik tuwtIaF cUVIaF vycx vfly dIaF qy cVH geIaF dy pYsy iml jFdy.

 

BfvyN ies kMm ivc pYsy qF bx jFdy sn pr mYnUM ieh kMm krnf cMgf nf lgdf. mYN hux dsvIN ivc ho igaf sF qy mF kihx lg peI sI ik mYN kwd kZ irhf sF qy jvfn ho irhf sF. mGr ivc cOdF sfl pUry kr ky pMdrvyN ivc pYr rK lYxf sI. mYnUM afpxy mn aqy srIr ivc af rhI qbdIlI mihsUs hox lg peI sI. afpxy hfx dI Aumr dI iksy kuVI dy vMgF cVHFidaF qy Auhdy hQ qy bFh qy AuNglF PyridaF mYnUM iek ajIb jhI JuxJuxI qy nsLy df aihsfs huMdf qy ieMj mihsUs huMdf ik mYN rMgbrMgIaF cUVIaF AuhdIaF arkF qk cVHfeI jfvF. keI kuVIaF GroN muV ky vfps af jFdIaF qy kihMdIaF ik pfxI df qOVf isr qoN lhux ligaF keI vMgF tut geIaF hn qy hor vMgF cVHf dy. keI vfr rfqIN sOx ligaF mYnUM AuhnF kuVIaF ivcoN suhxIaF kuVIaF cyqy aONdIaF jF supny ivc ivKflI dyNdIaF. myrf jIa krdf ik iek vfr iPr Es ipMz bfjLfr lfAux clIey. ijQy ikqy myly lgdy qF asIN EQy vI jf bfjLfr lONdy. jwsI bfg vflI ijQy ieiqhfisk gurdvfrf qy qlf sI, misaf lgdI qy asIN EQy vI bfjLfr lONdy. hor vI keI lok ieh kMm krdy sn. Kfx nUM lMgr coN rotI iml jFdI sI. akflI lIzr mfstr qfrf isMG aqy mflvy dy akflI lIzr sMpUrn isMG rfmF nUM mYN pihlI vfr ies gurdvfry hI vyiKaf sI qy AuhnF dIaF spIcF vI suxIaF sn. QoVHI QoVHI pMjfbI sUby dI gwl hox lg peI sI. bfpU akflI hox kr ky sfrI Aumr nIlI pg hI bMnHdf irhf qy moricaF ivc jylHF ktx kfrn AuhdI awl jQydfr pY geI sI. hnyrf hox qy mihqy nUM muVidaF rfh ivcoN psUaF leI lokF dy brfny KyqF coN Augy CoilaF dy bUty pwut lYNdy. tftF ivcoN ColIaf kZ ky mF bVI svfdI sbjLI bxfAuNdI jo mtrF nfloN vI ijLafdf svfd lgdI. bfkI bUty psUaF agy sut idMdy. mYnUM bfjLfr lOxf qy Coly putx df kMm cMgf nf lgdf pr Gr bfr Cz ky AujVn ipCoN iZz nUM Julkf dyx leI ieh kuJ krnf vkq dI loV sI. ies kMm ivcoN1950 dy sLurU qk asIN do ZfeI hjLfr rupey joV ley jo Aus vyly bVI vzI rkm smJI jFdI sI. eyny pYsy vfhI dy kMm kdy vI nhIN bx skdy sn. bfpU kihMdf ik jdoN qUM dsvIN kr ky kflj dfKl hoeyNgf qF ieh pYsy qyry kMm aOxgy qy jo bc gey qy hor af gey Auh qyry ivafh qy lfvFgy. mYN mMzI ivcoN vDIaf busLrt qy pfjfmf svf ilaf. skUl ivc qy ipMz ivc myrI tOhr ho geI. bUt vI vDIaf lY ley. dOV lfAux leI PlIt vI KrId ley ijnHF dy jLor nfl qsmy bMnH ky mYN hostl coN Bj ky biTMzy af jFdf. ieQoN srsy vflI inkI gzI PV ky keI vfr cldI gzI coN ijQoN mihqf nyVy pYNdf ryqy ivc Cfl mfr dyNdf qy Bwj ky Gr af jFdf. sLyrgVH stysLn qoN Auqr ky mihqy jx leI bhuq qurnf pYNdf sI. 

 

mfrc 1950 ivc dsvIN dy iemiqhfn dyx leI sYNtr sLivMdrf hfeI skUl goinafxf mMzI dy ividafrQIaF leI sYNtr kotkpUrf bixaf sI. ijQo iek sVk mogy nUM qy iek biTMzy vwl nUM jFdI sI, EQy iksy QF sfnUM Tihrfieaf igaf. jo mfstr sfzy nfl afey sn, Auh sLfm nUM dfrU pI lYNdy aqy asIN ipkcr vyKx AuT jFdy. keI vfr kuJ Xfd nf hox kr ky asIN prcy dyx nf jFdy, pricaF ivc CutIaF hoeIaF qF mYN mihqy af igaf. bfpU puCx lgf ik prcy ikhy ijhy hoey af. mYN eynf ikhf ik nqIjf inklx qy hI pqf lgygf. mF nUM pqf lg igaf sI ik mYN biTMzy jf ky Kyl ivMhdf sF qy kot kpUry vI. pYsy AujfVdf sF qy pVHfeI ivc iDafn nhIN idMdf sF. CwutI kwt ky jdoN mYN bfkI dy rihMdy prcy dyx leI biTMzy qoN kot kpUry vflI gzI ivc jf irhf sF qy ijs zby ivc bYTf, Es ivc puls vfly iek afdmI nUM hQkVIaF qy byVIaF pf ky jylH nUM iljf rhy sn. zby dy sfry musfPrF df iDafn Es Aucy lMmy Kqrnfk kYdI ny iKicaf hoieaf sI ijs bfry puls vfly dws rhy sn ik ies zfkU ny keI kql kIqy hn. ies zfkU dIaF aKbfrF ivc Poto CpIaF sn qy PVfAux vfly nUM srkfr vwloN ienfm idqf jfxf sI.  mYNnUM ieMj lgf ik iek dm msLhUr hox leI zfkU bx jfxf sB qoN vDIaf qrIkf hY pr kql krn vfly zfkU nUM PFsI dI sjL ho skdI sI qy mYnUM afpxI soc qy bVf gwusf afieaf. nF msLhUr krn dy qrIky mYN idn rfq socdf rihMdf. iPlmF vyK vyK mYnUM lwgx lwg ipaf ik mYN aYktr bx skdf hF aqy nfvl pVH pVH ky aihsfs hoieaf ik mYN lyKk bx skdf hF jd ik myrIaF kuJ khfxIaF kuJ rsfilaF ivc Cp vI geIaF sn. afpxy afp ivc mYN pqf nhIN afpxy afp nUM kI kuJ smJI bYTf sF aqy skUl dI pVHfeI vwl iDafn nhIN idqf sI. mF nUM swLk sI ik myrf mn mihk ipCy lwgf rihMdf sI qy mYN pVHfeI df iKafl Cz idqf sI. Auh smJdI sI ik mYN ivgV irhf sF. pVHfeI Gwt krdf sF qy mMzUaf ijLfadf vyKdf qy hor bymqlb ikqfbF pVHdf rihMdf sF. Gr idaF qoN pYsy mMgxy vI AuhnF nUM bVy cuBx lg pey sn. 

prcy Kqm hoey qy mYN kot kpUry qo biTMzy af ky ijs CotI gzI ivc syLrgVH jfx leI ciVHaf qF Aus ivc bfpU qy myrI BUaf bYTy sn. BUaf nUM mYN pfiksqfn bnx qoN bfad pihlI vfr imilaf sF. Aus bhuq ipafr nfl myrf mQf cuMimaf, jPI ivc ilaf qy nfl hI nvIN QF qy jLmIn alft ho jfx dy kuJ kfgjL PVfANuidaF qy vDfeIaF idMdI kihx lwgI ik myrf puq iPr muribaF df mflk bx igaf hY. bfpU ny disaf ik jlMDroN sfnUM pfiksqfn ivc CzI jLmIn bdly ipMz gudVZMzI, qihsIl qy ijLlf iProjLpur ivc pkI jLmIn alft ho geI sI. agly sfl Cy mhIinaF ivc asIN mihqy vflI jLmIn Cz ky agly ipMz cly jfvFgy.

 

dsvIN df nqIjf ajy keI hPiqaF nUM inklxf sI. ijho ijhy prcy hoey sn, AuhnF qoN eynf pqf qF lg igaf sI pfs hox vflI koeI afs nhIN sI. iPr vI jd qk nqIjf nhIN sI inkldf, Enf icr qk BivK bfry koeI pqf nhIN sI. ieh gwl hOlI hOlI sfry ipMz ivc PYl geI ik sfnUM hor ipMz jLmIn alft ho geI hY aqy asIN sfl Cy mhIny ivc ieh ipMz qy ieh Gr Cz jfvFgy. ies gl df pqf mihk qy Auhdy Gr vfilaF nUM vI lg igaf sI. iPr kuJ icr bfad mihk df ipE vI Kbr ilafieaf ik AuhnF nUM vI irafsq PrIdkot ivc ipMz mrfVHFvfly qoN agy bIkfnyr nihr dy kMZy iek ipMz ivc jLmIn alft ho geI sI qy Auh vI sfl Cy mhIny ivc ieh ipMz Cz ky nvyN QF cly jfxgy. grmIaF sLurU ho cukIaF sn. isMgly dy bfg ivcoN keI vfr morF dy pYlF pfAux qy kUkx dIaF afvfjLF afAuNdIaF jo muitafrF dy mnF nUM mihkx lf dyNdIaF. mYN qy bfpU kdy kdy nfl dy ipMzF ivc bfjLfr lfAux vI cly jFdy. mYN mfl zMgr cfr ilafAuNdf. mihk df sfhmxf huMdf qF vyK ky pihlF Auh muskrf pYNdI. iPr AuhdIaF aKF nIvIaF ho jFdIaF. myrf jI krdf ik Auh hux aKF nIvIaF krnIaF Cz dyvy. aKF cuk ky myry vwl vyKy qy mYN Auhdy vwl. myrf jI ieh vI krdf ik AuhnUM dwsF ik qUM dunIaf dI sB qoN sohxI kuVI eyN. mYN nrigs qy surIeaf nUM iek iPlm ivc vyiKaf sI pr Auh qyry agy hyc hn. drvfjLy ivc afsf pfsf vyK ky Auh kuJ icr leI KVHI ho jFdI qy kuJ ivQ qy mYN vI KVHf rihMdf. pwqf vI ihwldf qF KOP Cf jFdf ik koeI af nf jfvy qy vyK nf lvy. drvfjLy aMdrly GrF vwl KulHdy bUihaF vwl Auhdf vI iDafn huMdf qy myrf vI. iek idn jd myrI mF vI Gr nhIN sI qy AuhdI vI, mYN keI hPiqaF qoN ilaf ky rKIaF kwc dIaF cUVIaF Auhdy hQF ivc cVHf idqIaF. AusdIaF bfhvF ikMnIaF KUbsUrq qy guMdvIaF sn, ies df pqf qF Es vyly hI lwgf jd Aus ny afpxIaF ihrnI vrgIaF msq qy KUbsUrq aKF AucIaF cuk ky kMKIaF myry jvfnI cVH rhy ichry vwl bVy moh nfl vyiKaf qy afpxIaF gorIaF bfhF myry gl dvfly vl idqIaF. pqf nhIN muV ky kdI vI nf afAux vflf Auh vkq EQy ruk ikAuN nf igaf jd Ausdy koml klIaF dIaF pwqIaF vrgy kuafry bulH myry bwulHF nMU afpxy smJ ky cuMm rhy sn.

 

 

dsvIN coN Pyl ho jfxf

 

gvFZI cfnx isMG ny afpxI Gr vflI qy DI leI kpVy isAux vflI msLIn ilaf idqI qy mihk ny eyDroN EDroN ktfeI df kMm iswK ky kpVy sIx df kMm sLurU kr idqf sI. ies qrHF AuhnF dy Gr ijQy sUt qy Ggry isvfx vflIaF qIvIaF df afxf jfxf sLrU ho igaf, EQy AuhnF dy prvfr leI amdn df ijLrIaf vI bx igaf. AuhnF nUM alft hoeI brfnI jLmIn dI afmdn vI bhuq Gwt sI. ipMz ivc ies gwl df lokF nUM pqf lg igaf sI ik ieh dovyN Gr hux mihqf Cz ky aglIaF alft hoeIaF jLmInF vfly ipMzF nUM cly jfxgy. keI vfr aFZxF gvFZxF af ky myrI mF nUM kihMdIaF ik qusIN ieh ipMz Cz ky nf jfE. vfhvf quhfzy nfl idl lwgf hoieaf hY pr lfhOr dy ijnHF jwtF nUM sfzy vflI jLmIn qy Gr alft ho gey sn, AuhnF ny mihqy dy gyVy mfrny sLurU kr idqy sn. bfpU ny sfP kih idqf sI ik sfnUM AuTidaF Gto Gt Cy mhIny lg jfxgy. AuhnF ny vI CyqI Gr KflI krn leI koeI qwdI nhIN sI idqI. pfiksqfn ivcly ipMz Czx aqy ieh ipMz Czx ivc Prk aYnf sI ik Auh ipMz, Gr qy jLmInF afpxIaF jfnF bcfAux leI CzxIaF peIaF sn pr hux vflf Gr qy jLmIn pkI alftmYNt hox qy cMgy muV vsyby kr ky CzxIaF pY rhIaF sn. pr nf qF hux mOq df zr sI aqy nf hI rfqo rfq ipMz Czx df koeI jrvfxf sLfhI hukm sI. eynf Prk jLrUr sI ik hux ies ipMz ijQy iqMn sfl qoN vD df smF ho cilaf sI, idl lg igaf sI. ies ipMz nUM Czx ligaF kfljy nUM QoVHy QoVHy hOl pYNdy sn. mflvy dI bolI qy klcr mYN ies ipMz ivcoN iswiKaf sI qy bcpn nUM alivdf kih ky jvfnI dIaF dihlIjLF ivc pYr riKaf sI. ies ipMz dIaF mlvYxF ny myry aMdr ipafr krn dI ag bfl idqI sI qy mihk ny vwl disaf sI ik bfkI irsLiqaF qoN ielfvf iek hor irsLqf vI huMdf hY ijQoNN hfx nUM hfx dI qlfsL sLurU huMdI hY. ies dy qjrby dy syk ivcoN agy jf ky mYN keI khfxIaF ilKIaF sn qy afpxy nfvl pIlf gulfb ivc mihk pfqr df nF mukqI rK ky pMjfbI dy duKFq nfvlF ivc vfDf kIqf sI. hnyrIaF qy itibaF ivc iGry ies brfnI jLmIn dy ipMz ivcoN myry aMdr dy lyKk df jnm hoieaf sI qy myry lyKk dy qOr qy jfxy jfx df muZ bJ igaf sI.

 

hux mYN dsvIN dy rIjLlt dI AuzIk kr irhf sF. BfvyN mYnUM pqf sI ik pfs hox vflI koeI AumId nhIN sI pr Kvry pfs ho eI jfvF, ieh kwuqy Jfk jLrUr lwgI rihMdI sI. grIbI qF ajy vI gozy gozy cVHI hoeI sI qy kMDfiVAuN nhIN AuqrI sI pr ijs hflIN pfiksqfn ivcoN iqMnIN kpVIN inkl ky afey sF, Auh hflfq bdl gey sn. bfpU iPr kihx lg ipaf sI ik nvIN jLmIn qoN afmdn hox lg peI qF Auh mYnUM vlfieq pVHn leI jLrUr Byjygf qy iPr jd mYN vlfieq pfs kr ky afvFgf qF ikqy izptI kimsLnr lgFgf qy bfpU df suPnf pUrf ho jfvygf. pr mYnUM hux pVHn ivc koeI idlcspI nhIN rih geI sI. myry idl ivc idn rfq ieh iKafl afAuNdf ik jy mYnUM koeI nOkrI iml jfvy qF pVHfeI bfad ivc huMdI rhygI. pVHfeI krn leI sfrI Aumr bfkI peI sI. pr myry vrgy 15 sfl dy muMzy nUM ijs ny hfly dsvIN vI pfs nhIN sI kIqI, nOkrI ikQoN iml skdI sI. iek vfr bwcf kMpnI dy kuJ muMzy mYN POjI vrdIaF ivc gwzI ivc cVHy pUny nUM jFdy vyKy sn. AuhnF dI Aumr myry hfx dI sI. eynf ku pqf lwgf ik iehnF dI BrqI PrId kot huMdI sI. iek idn skUl qoN nqIjf pqf krn dy bhfny mYN GroN PrIdkot clf igaf qy stysLn qoN Auqr ky rfjy df mihl lMG ky ijAuN pYdl sfrf PrIdkot twp igaf qy kot kpUry phuMc igaf pr mYnUM ikqy bwcf kMpnI ivc BrqI krn vfilaF df itkfxf nf lBf qy nf hI zridaF mYN iksy koloN puiCaf hI. PrIdkot df kflj vI mYN pihlI vfr vyiKaf qy kflj ivc dfKl ho ky pVHn dI rIJ iPr myry mn ivc AuT KloqI. qur iPr ky qy kot kpUry qoN gzI PV ky mYN iPr biTMzy af igaf qy ikly lfgy pYNdy iek gurdvfry ivc rfq kwtI. EQy hI mYnUM DMnf isMG gulsLn iml igaf jo kvIsLrI krdf sI. mYN Auhdy nfl jfx pCfx bxfeI ik mYN pVHdf hF aqy pricaF ivc khfxIaF ilKdf hF. Auh sux ky KusL hoieaf qy lfgy iek cfh dI dukfn qy iljf ky cfh bxvf ky ipafeI. myrf hOslf vDfieaf ik ilKfrI bnxf bVI vzI gwl huMdI hY. Aus nUM Kud vI ilKx df bVf sLOk sI pr AuhdIaF ilKqF ajy ikqy CpIaF nhIN sn. Auhny kdI kdI imldy rihx leI ikhf qy mYnUM KusLI hoeI ik Gto Gwt iek bMdf jIhdf lokF ivc nF sI, myrf vfkP bx igaf sI. agly idn biTMizEN qur ky mYN mihqy af igaf qy Gr vfly myry nqIjy dI AuzIk kr rhy sn. mYN disaf ik hfly nqIjf nhIN afieaf. 

 

grmIaF sLrU ho geIaF sn pr mYN ivhlf sF. kdI kdI mJ qy gAU nUM iek kwsI kMZy cfrn leI lY jFdf. bfpU nfl lfgy dy iek ipMz ivc bfjLfr lfAux igaf qF Es ipMzoN iek CotI jhI BUry rMg dI kwuqI sfzI KoqI mgr lg geI. iesdf nF asIN cYrI rK ilaf. ieh bhuqf myry nfl rihMdI qy jdoN mYN psU cfrx leI jFdf qF myry nfl huMdI. Kfl dy bMinaF qy Augy srF ivc luky iqwqrF nUM Auzf ky AuhnF mgr bVI PurqI nfl dOVdI. iqwqr dI qIjI AuzfrI qy kdI kdI Auh iqwqr dboc lYNdI qy hMBy hoey iqwqr nUM dMdF Qly lYY ky Auh myry kol af jFdI. kdI kdI iqwqr lMmI AuzfrI mfr kwsI qoN pfr clf jFdf qF cYrI qoN kwsI pfr nf huMdI qy Auh vfps muV afAuNdI. kwsI dy afr pfr JMgIaF ivc keI vfr mor pYlF pONdy qy afvfjLF kZdy ids pYNdy. hrnF dIaF zfrF vI qurIaF iPrdIaF idsdIaF. kdI kdI roJ vI ids pYNdy. myrf jIa krdf ik morF vwl vyKdf hI rhF qy keI vfr AuhnF dy izgy KMB iekTy kr lYNdf ijs dIaF pKIaF vI bx jFdIaF sn. iek vfr mYN Joly ivc pf ky ikMny sfry KMB iekTy kr ky lY aFdy qy corI mihk nUM dy idqy. KMb dyx qoN pihlF mYN iek KMB Auhdy KUbsUrq ichry qoN polf ijhf Pyiraf qy AuhdIaF gorIaF bfhvF qy lMU kMzy KVHy ho gey. Aus nIvIN pf leI qy drvfjLy qy KVkf hox nfl Bwj ky afpxy Gr vfly pfsy clI geI. cwl rhI ies KfmosL muhbq ivc ajy qk asIN jLbfn sFJI nhIN sI kIqI.

 

bfpU nvIN jLmIn df kbjLf lYx leI ijLlf iProjLpur dy ipMz gudVzMZI clf igaf. bhuq idnF bfad muiVaf qF Auh bVf KusL sI. EQoN cOl qy imrcF vI lY ky afieaf sI. dsdf ik 42 eykV imlI jLmIn ivc 22 eykVF nUM iCmfhI nihr df pfxI lgdf hY. Zol JvwklI, gfDI qy kwuqy dy itk itk krn itMzF vflf iek KUh vI alft hoieaf hY. pfxI bhuq Aucf hY qy GVy Br ky ilfax dI koeI loV nhIN hY. jdoN bldF dy Kopy dy ky qy gfDI qy bih ky bld ihkI dy hn qF KUh df pfxI itMzF ivcoN lohy pfVCy ivc af ky izgdf hY qy EQoN agy zUMGy kwcy cubcy ivc. Es qoN agy KflIaF nfl pYlIaF ivc jFdf hY. TMZy pfxI nfl nhfAux df svfd af jFdf hY. bfkI dI jLmIn ivc sVkVf qy kfny Augy hoey hn. ies jLmIn nUM dfBx kihMdy hn, bfkI dI nUM nihrI qy cfhI. dB dy kMzy bVy iqKy hn qy pYr dy mfs ivc hI Bur jFdy hn qy bVI pIV krdy hn. KflI jLmIn ivc pohlI vI AuGI hoeI af qy ikqy ikqy jLmIn kwlr vflI vI hY. Psl bhuq huMdI hY. alft hoeI jLmIn byrIaF vflf KUh kr ky vjdI hY. afsy pfsy bhuq byrIaF hn ijnHF nUM by bhf byr bVy imTy lgdy hn. vYsy qF ipMz gudVZMzI ivc knfl QF dy afhfqy ivc iek pfsy bixaf kfinaF df bixaf Cwpr qy Cotf ijhf kwcf koTf vI alft ho igaf hY pr jLmIn dUr hox kr ky irhfiesL KUh qy eI rKxI af ijQy pihlF eI iek kcf koTf hY. psUaF leI qy afe gey leI rfey iswK kfinaF qy srkVy dIaF do JugIaF pf dyxgy. bfkI sfry ipMz ivc koeI pwkf koTf nhIN hY. ieh aqy lfgy dy anykF hor muslmfnI ipMz nvfb mmdot dy sn. hux ienHF nUM imMtgumrI coN AujV ky afey byjLmIny rfey iswK mujLfry vhuMdy hn. ieh hn mony pr afpxy afp nUM rfey iswK aKvfAuNdy hn. dUr dUr qk jLmInF KflI peIaF hn ikAuNik hfly qk alftI nhIN afey qy kfnf eynf ijLafdf hY ik hQ qy hQ mfr ky bMdf kfinaF ivc luk jfvy qF lB nhIN skdf. kfinaF dy jMgl ivc shy, sUr, swp, igwdV qy iqwqr afm qury iPrdy hn pr kfsLq hyTlI jLmIn DfeIN (cOl), kpfh, imrcF, kmfd, kxk qy crHI nUM bVI JldI hY. piTaF dI koeI prvfh nhIN sI. nvIN jLmIn bfry bfpU qoN sux ky mn KusL ho igaf qy ipMz df klpq nksLf myry mn ivc bnxf sLurU ho igaf. bfpU ny ieh vI disaf ik sfzI jLmIn nUM ijhVy rfey iswK mujLfry vhuMdy hn, Auh ieh vI kihMdy hn ik iek idn pMzq jvfhr lfl nihrU ny iProjLpur afAuxf hY aqy Auhny sfry mujLfiraF nUM jLmIn df pwkf kbjLf dy dyxf hY. bfpU ny ieh vI disaf ik rfey iswK isLkfr dy bVy sLukIn hn aqy briCaF nfl sUr mfr lYNdy sn jo bVf aOKf kMm hY. rfey iswK sUr qoN ielfvf PfhI lf ky shy aqy iqwqr PVn qy CpVF aqy zuMbF coN mCI PVn dy vI bVy kfrIgr hn. AuhnF dy inky inky muMzy vI mfl cfrn gey GoVy dI pUC dy vflF dIaF PfhIaF bxf ky iqqr PV lYNdy hn. rUVI mfrkf dysI dfrU vI bVI kZdy qy pINdy hn. afps ivc lVdyy iBVdy vI bhuq hn. iProjLpur dI byt ivc PfijLlkf qk sqluj diraf dI ihMdosqfn vwl pYNdI vKI ivc ieh vzI igxqI ivc vsy hoey hn.

 

iek idn hfkU rf (iek monf rfey iswK) lBdf lBfAuNdf, puCdf puCfAuNdf mihqy sfzy Gr af igaf. Auhdf rMg kflf qy bolI bVI vKrI sI qy vyKx nUM jFglI lgdf sI. hr gwl ivc muV cf lMbrdfrf jLrUr kihMdf qy mYnUM AuhdI bolI dI pUrI qrHF smJ nhIN afAuNdI sI. Auh bfpU nUM lMbrdfr qy mF nUM lMbVdfrnI kih ky qy dohF dy pYrIN hQ lfieaf. mYnUM kfkf jI jF Cotf srdfr kih ky myry vI pYrIN hQ lfieaf. Auh cOl qy aftf lY ky afieaf sI. Auh bfpU qoN ihwsy qy jLmIn vhux dI iejfjLq lYx afieaf sI. bfpU jLmIn Auhdy dUjy Brf kflU rf nUM dy afieaf sI pr dohF BrfvF dI afpo ivc bxdI nhIN sI. hfkU rf keI idn mihqy sfzy Gr irhf qy mfl zMgr nUM pTy afid pONdf irhf qy mJ dI Dfr vI kZ idMdf. bfpU ny Aus nUM aDI jLmIn vfhux leI kih idqf qy duD dyx vflI mJ qoN ielfvf kuJ psU Auhdy agy lf idqy ijnHF nUM qor ky Auh iqMn cfr idnF ivc iProjLpuroN 20 mIl agy pYNdy ipMz gudVZMzI lY igaf. hfkU rfa iek gDI vI nfl lY igaf ikENik Es ipMz ivc iksy kol koeI gwzf nhIN sI aqy vfhI ivc pTy ilafAux aqy mMzI Psl iljfx qy dfxy ipsfx leI KoqI bVI kMm afAuNdI sI. bMdy nUM isr qy pMz cuk ky nhIN jfxf pYNdf sI. EdoN ajy qk pMjfb ivc trYktr nhIN sn afey.

 

nqIjf inkilaf qy sfrI klfs Pyl sI. mYN vI Pyl sF. mF gflF kZ rhI sI pr bfpU ny kuJ nf ikhf qy hOslf kr ky dobfrf iemiqhfn dyx leI Esy skUl ivc hI pVHx jfx leI kih idqf. mYN bhuq Audfs ho igaf sF. mYN ZTy mn nfl skUl jfx dI soc irhf sF. keI vfr cup cfp drvfjLy ivc mMjI zfh ky bYT jFdf jF lyt jFdf. sLfhF df amrnfQ isMglf vI Pyl ho igaf sI. Es ny vI dobfrf aYs zI skUl biTMzy dfKl hox df PYslf kr ilaf sI. mYNnUM eynI smJ af geI sI ik bhuqIaF ipkcrF vyKx qy nfvl pVHn kfrn myrf mn skUl dI pVHfeI qoN Aucft ho igaf sI qy kuJ mihk vI myry mn dy aqy myry myry afly dvfly iKlr geI sI. mihk nUM vI pqf lg igaf sI ik mYN Pyl ho igaf sF. skUl ivc dobfrf dfKl hox qoN pihlF mYN iek idn drvfjLy ivc mMjy qy sFJI QMmI nfl Zo lfeIN bYTf sF ik Auh drvfjLy ivc afeI, mYnUM Audfs vyiKaf. sfzy Gr aMdr geI qy myry bsqy ivcoN kuJ ikqfbF kZ ky myry agy pVHn leI kr idqIaF. Auhdy ichry dy hfv Bfv dws rhy sn ik myry Pyl hox df Aus nUM vI bVf sdmf phuMicaf sI. agy Auh muskrf ky nIvIN pf lYNdI sI. hux Auh nf muskrFdI sI qy nf hI nIvIN pONdI sI sgoN Auhdy vwl vyK ky mYN nIvIN pf lYNdf sF.

 

kuJ idnF bfad jdoN mYN dobfrf skUl ivc dfKl hox leI GroN drvfjLy kol phuMicaf qy mF pVHfeI vl iDafn dyx dI icqfvnI dy ky qy myrf isr plos ky muV geI qF Auh PurqI nfl afeI qy iek Jolf myry hQ ivc PVf ky qurq muV geI. stysLn dy rsqy ivc af ky mYN vyiKaf ik qxIaF vfly Joly ivc dysI iGE dI iek pIpI qy rMg brMgIaF bUtIaF vflf hQ df kiZaf iek rumfl sI ijs qy bfg coN AuzdIaF icVIaF qy lfl cuMJ vflf qoqf kiZaf hoieaf sI. iehnF icVIaf aqy qoqy dIaF aKF ivc pqf nhIN ikMny ku supxy smoey hoey sn. mYnUM ieMj ligaf ik ies kZy hoey bUtIaF vfly rumfl qy dysI iGE dI pIpI ivc myry Pyl hox dy pqf nhIN ikMny ku AulFBy luky hoey sn.

 

 

mfvF DIaF dI kuwt

 

grmIaF dI iek sLfm nUM mYN mihqy afieaf qF bfpU kihx lwgf ik jy mYN cfhF qF goinafxf mMzI vfly skUl dI bjfey mYN iProjLpur dy iksy skUl ivc dfKl ho jfvF qy EQy hI hostl ivc rih ky pVHfeI krF. EQoN pkI alft hoeI jLmIn vfly ipMz vI mhIny ivc iek do vfr gyVf mfr jfieaf krF. mYN ikhf ik mYN mMzI vfly skUl dobfrf dfKl ho ky mYN afpxy afp nUM pVHfeI ivc KoB ilaf hY. nfly mihqf CzidaF CzidaF sfl Cy mhIny lg jfxy hn. iProjLpur vzf sLihr hY aqy mYnUM EQy koeI jfxdf vI nhIN. ies leI eyQy eI TIk af. Pyl hoey muMizaF ivcoN keI qF skUl Cz gey sn aqy kuJ dobfrf dfKl ho gey sn. nhIaFvflf ipMz koloN biTMzy nUM jFdI rylvy lfeIn dy dUjy pfsy hostl dy bfhr iek CpV sI ijs dy kMZy qy iek bhuq vzf bohV df rwuK sI. mYN aksr sLfm nUM ies bohV Auqy cVH ky tfhixaF dy ivckfr bxy iek QF qy bYT jFdf qy pVHdf rihMdf. keI vfr hostl dy nfl rihMdy muMizaF nUM pqf vI nf lgdf ik mYN ikQy clf jFdf sF. jdoN kotkpUry mfrc ivc iemiqhfn dyx df sYNtr bixaf sI qF EQoN df iek bVf KUbsUrq muMzf bldyv jo bVy kImqI qy KUbsUrq kpVy pihxdf sI, myrf dosq bx igaf. amIr hox kr ky Auh keI vfr mYnUM jF myry nfl idaF nUM cfh nfl pystrI jF kyk lY ky Kvf dyNdf. ieh sfnUM bVy svfd lgdy qy bldyv sfnUM afpxy nfloN bVf vzf vzf lgdf qy asIN Auhdf ruab ijhf vI mMndy. iek vfr Es ikhf ik mYN aYktr bnx leI bMbeI vI jf afieaf hF aqy bMbeI qoN swp dI Kwl dy bUt lY ky afieaf hF. asIN Auhdf swc mMn lYNdy aqy Es nUM iksy idn swp dI Kwl dy bxy hoey bUt pf ky afAux leI kihMdy. keI vfr Es nfl biTMzy stysLn qy qury iPridaF myl ho jFdf. hr vfr Ausdy kpVy vDIaf pfey huMdy. AuhdI jyb ivc pYsy vI huMdy aqy Auh sfnUM stysLn qy cfh vycx vycx vfilaF cfh KrId ky jLrUr ipafAuNdf qy cfh nfl kuJ nf kuJ Kfx leI vI jLrUr lYNdf. krIm rol mYN ijLMdgI ivc pihlI vfr biTMzy dy rylvy stysLn qy hI KfDy. Auh kdI itkt nhIN lYNdf sI aqy kihMdf ik rylvy vfly bhuqy AuhnUM jfxdy sn. pqf nhIN Auh GroN ikMnf ku amIr sI pr bhuq ipCoN jdoN mYN afr aYs zI kflj iProjLpur dfKl ho igaf sF qF kotkpUry jf ky AuhnUM lB ilaf qF Auh afpxy ipE dI trMkF dI dukfn qy bYTf sI qy pVHfeI Cz igaf sI. mYN AuhnUM afpxf kflj df aqf pqf ilKf idqf qy Auh kdI kdI mYnUM imlx leI af jFdf qy iPr hor kuJ sflF ipCoN pqf lgf ik Auh ies dunIaf ivc nhIN irhf sI. mYN soicaf Aus dy bgYr kotkpUry ivc hux myrf kOx sI. vYsy vI mYN kot kpUry nUM psMd nhIN krdf sF ijQy sYNtr bnx nfl myrI pVHfeI ivc ivGn ipaf qy sLyK iclI vfly suPny lYx vflf mYN dsvIN ivcoN hI Pyl ho igaf sF. mYnUM klfs ivc pVHidaF pVHidaF idmfgI qOr qy gYr hfjL hox dI afdq pY geI sI. tIcr jo pVHf irhf huMdf, mYN Gt suxdf aqy iKaflF dy GoVy duVf ky ikDry hor phuMc jFdf. idny supxy lYx dI afdq iPlmF vyK vyK aqy nfvl pVH pVH ky pY geI sI. pqf nhIN ieh afdq cMgI jF mfVI pr ieh myrf nuksfn kr rhI sI.

 

grmIaF dI iek sLfm hfly rfq ivc nhIN sI bdlI. mF gurdvfry coN rihrfs df pfT sux ky aqy mQf tyk ky muVI hI sI ik nfl dy GroN mihk qy AuhdI mF nUM cfnx isMG vwloN kut mfr aqy gflF dIaF afvfjLF sfzy pfsy sux rhIaF sn. mF DI dIaF roNdIaF dIaF afvfjLF af rhIaF sn ik sfnUM bcfE nhIN qF ieh sfnUM mfr dyvygf. kuJ icr qF mYN bfpU qy myrI mF rox iptx, kuwt qy gflF dIaF avfjLf suxdy rhy pr jd ieh bMd nf hoeIaF qF bfpU myrI mF dy mnHf krn dy bfvjUd Es pfsy clf igaf. cfnx isuhM ny sLrfb pIqI hoeI sI. bfpU dy jfx qy Auh kutxoN qF ht igaf pr gflF dIaF afvfjLF ajy vI af rhIaF sn. bfpU ny cfnx ishuM nUM smJfieaf ik iehnF grIbnIaF nUM ikAuN kwutdf eyN qF agoN kihx lgf qYnUM nhIN pqf jQydfrf iehnF ny bVf gMd pfieaf hoieaf hY. bfpU ny iPr ikhf jvfn jnfh DI nUM nhIN kuwtIdf huMdf qF jf ky cMnx ishuM hitaf pr dohF mfvF DIaF ajy vI ro rhIaF sn aqy lgdf sI ik AuhnF nUM cMnx ishuM ny bhuq kwuitaf sI. agly idn nmosLI dIaF mfrIaF mfvF DIaF bfhr nhIN inkl rhIaF sn qy mYN vyiKaf ik mihk dy KUbsUrq ichry qy stF dy insLfn sn. myrI mF ny mYnUM mihk dy Gr vwl JfqI mfrn qoN htk idqf sI qy afpxI pVHfeI vwl iDafn dyx leI kihMdI rihMdI. ijs idn vI cMnx ishuM sLrfb pI ky afAuNdf, mfvF DIaF df kutfpf jLrUr krdf. hux bfpU dy smJfAux qy vI nhIN smJdf sI. mihk hux bhuqf aMdr eI vVI rihMdI qy cup cfp rihMdI. jy ikqy tfkrf ho vI jFdf qF pfsf vwt ky lMG jFdI ijvyN iek dUjy nUM kdy vyiKaf vI nf hovy qy jfxdy vI nf hoeIey. mfvF DIaF nUM pYNdI kwut df pqf sfry ipMz ivc lg igaf sI. iek idn mihk dI iek shylI sMqo mYnUM amr nfQ isMglf dy bfg lfgy iml geI qy iek pfsy kr ky kihx lgI ik mihk sunyhf idMdI sI ik mYN AuhnUM ikqy lY jfvF ikAuNik Auhdf ipE dbvflI mMzI qoN prHF pYNdy iksy ipMz dy aDKVH anpVH jwt nfl Auhdf mMgxf krn vflf hY qy agly sfl hfV ivc Auhdf ivafh kr ky nvIN alft hoeI jLmIn qy clf jfvygf. mYN AuhdI gwl df koeI jvfb nf idqf. myry kol ies df jvfb vI koeI nhIN sI. mYN qF hux idn rfq imhnq kr irhf sF ik dobfrf dsvIN jmfq df iemiqhfn dyvF qy pfs ho ky aglyrI ividaf leI kflj ivc dfKl ho jfvF. 

 

qIaF dy idn hox kr ky ivafhIaF muitafrF pykIN afeIaF hoeIaF sn. CpV qy KUh lfgly ruKF qy kuVIaF pINGF JUtdIaF,gIq gONdIaF, igwDf pONdIaF qy ncdIaF. GrF coN pUVy pkx dIaF KusLbUaF afAuNdIaF. muMzy vI kuVIaF qoN QoVHf pfsy ho ky kOzI Kyzdy qy Guldy. BfvyN myrI Aumr pINGF JUtx qy hsx KyZx dI sI pr mYN afpxf ijLafdf iDafn pVHfeI vl rKdf sF. mihk dIaF shylIaF vI AuhnUM mjbUr kr ky qIaF ivc lY jFdIaF pr idsdf sI ik jo kuJ Auhdy Gr ivc huMdf sI, Es qoN Auh vI qIaF ivc af ky bhuqI KusL nhIN sI. qIaF lgIaF huMdIaF qy mYN EQoN irhf huMdf qF hux mihk myry vwl ivMhdI nhIN sI. kuVIaF mYnUM qury jFdy nUM vyK ky iesLfrf vI krdIaF sn pr Auh muK moV lYNdI sI. ieh idn Kqm ho gey qy grmIaF dIaF CutIaF vI Kqm ho geIaF. mYN skUl nUM qur igaf qy bfpU ijs ny hux bfjLfr lfAuxf Cz idqf sI, nvIN alft hoeI jLmIn vfly ipMz nUM clf igaf. mF ajy bfjLfr lOx df kMm Czx dy hk ivc nhIN sI ikENik nkd pYsy Gr af jFdy sn. jdoN vI Auh jFdf qF ijMnf ku Gr df sfmfn nfl iljf huMdf, lY jFdf. mYnUM vI bfpU ny ikhf ik sqMbr dy aKIr ivc mYN vI nvIN alft hoeI jLmIn qy afvF ikAuNik Jonf pk ky JfiVaf jfxf sI. Jony df JfV vI ies vfr bhuq sI. mMzI Jonf vyc ky bfpU kol vfhvf pYsy ho jfxy sn. bfpU dwsx lwgf ik ipMz gudVZMzI ikvyN pujxf hY. iProjLpur CfAuxI dy rylvy stysLn qoN PfiljLkf vflI gzI PV ky  Jok tihl isMG stysLn qoN pMj Cy koh qur ky gudVZMzI af jfeIdf hY. sfry rfh ivc koeI ipMz nhIN afAuNdf qy sfrf rfh zFzf mINzf hI hY. jy Jok tihl isMG nhIN Auqrxf qF mMzI gurU hr shfey qoN Auqr ky vI af jfeIdf hY. ieQoN pYNzf QoVHf dUr pYNdf hY. rfq pY jy qF afVHqIaF dI dukfn qy rfq kwt ky svyry qur ky gudVZMzI af jfvIN. ipMzoN byrIaF vflf KUh puC ky af jfeIN. Kym isMG lMbrdfr df tbr jIhdf muMzf inrMjn nvyN ipMz qyQoN do sfl agy pVHdf huMdf sI. AuhnF nUM vI jLmIn eysy ipMz alft hoeI af qy AuhnF dI rhfiesL ipMz ivc eI af. jy hnyrf ho jfvy qF AuhnF dy Gr clf jfeIN. bfpU ny ieh vI disaf ik iProjLpur sLihr dI sbjLI mMzI dy bfhr iek afhfqy ivcoN iek bws vI iProjLpur nUM cldI hY. KfeI Pymy kI qk sVk pwkI hY aqy agy sfrI kwcI. kwcy rfh ivc imwtI Gwtf bhuq hY. bws idn ivc iek vfr hI cldI hY qy iehnUM lFibaF dI bws vI kihMdy hn. iehdf Brosf vI koeI nhIN. keI vfr keI keI idn cldI hI nhIN hY. pqf kr leIN.

 

clo ipCly ipMzF df koeI vfkP qF gudVZMzI ipMz ivc af ky afbfd hoieaf hY. inrMjn jIhdf Cotf nF nMjI sI, kwd df lMmf sI qy vflI bfl df bhuq vDIaf iKzfrI sI. nyN ipMz vfly skUl ivc Auhdf bVf nF sI. myry idl ivc ies agly ipMz nUM vyKx dI bVI rIJ sI. sqMbr mhIny df aMq afieaf qF mYN bVI rIJ nfl goinafxf mMzI dy stysLn qoN iProjLpur jFdI gzI qy cVH igaf. hfly rfqF TMZIaF hoxIaF sLurU nhIN sI hoeIaF. sLfm pYx vflI jdoN ieh gzI iProjLpur stysLn qy phuMc geI. eyQoN jy mYN PfijLlkf vflI gzI PVdf sF qF Auhny rfq nUM mMzI gurU hr shfey phuMcxf sI qy afVHqIaF dI dukfn Es vyly bMd vI ho skdI sI. Jok tihl isMG Auqrx dI vI koeI quk nhIN sI. rfq EBV stysLn qy ikvyN irhf jf skdf sI. mYN soicaf ik ijQoN gzI dIaF itktF imldIaF hn, EQy bxy rfq vyitMg rUm qy iksy bMYNc qy lyt ky rfq lMGf lMGf leI jfvy aqy svyry PfijLLlkf jfx vflI gzI PVnI TIk rhygI. pr sfrI rfq bYNc qy ktxI kuJ vI aOKI sI. siqaF koeI jyb kqr lvy jF Jolf lY ky Bj jfvy qF kI bxygf. iProjLpur ivc iksy gurdvfry df vI pqf nhIN sI. EprI QF kr ky zr vI lgdf sI. BfvyN mYnUM do mhIinaF qk solvF sfl cVHn vflf sI pr qF vI mYN ajy inafxf eI sF. kuJ icr mYN afpxf Jolf isr hyT rK ky lyitaf vI pr nINd ikQy af rhI sI. bfhr sVk qy amr tfkI isnmy ivc cwl rhI pMjfbI iPlm BfeIaf jI df iesLiqhfr lgf hoieaf sI. mYN soicaf ik rfq vflf sLoa vyK ky iPr stysLn qy af jfvFgf qy svyr vflI gzI PV ky Jok tihl isMG clf jfvFgf qy agoN qur ky ipMz. iksy qoN mYN amr tfkI df rfh puiCaf qy pYdl cl ipaf. zI sI jYn kflj koloN lMG qy agoN aYl aYm aYWl skUl nUM muV ky qy Es qoN agy mogy vwl nUM jFdI vzI sVky kuJ icr qur ky iPr sjy muV ky amr tfkI agy phuMc igaf. quridaF kuJ vfr amr tfkI phuMcx df rfh puCxf ipaf sI. BuK lgI hox kr ky tfkI aigEN lMGdI sVk dy dUjy pfsy iek dukfn qoN pUrIaF Coly Kf ley aqy jdoN tfkI dIaF itktF KulHIaF qF Qrz klfs dI itkt lY ky rfq df sLoa vyiKaf. myry nfl bYTy sLihr dy iqMn cfr hor lfilaF dy mMuzy vI ieh ipkcr vyKx afey sn jo myry vfikP bx gey. jdoN mYN disaf ik sfnUM gudVZMzI ipMz ivc jLmIn alft hoeI af qF Auh kihx lgy ik qUM rfq lUx mMzI ivc sfzI afVHq dI dukfn ivc kwt ky svyry sbjLI mMzI dy bfhroN clx vflI bws PV ky clf jfeIN. iPlm vyK ky asIN sfry qur ky rfq dy hnyry ivc bsqI tYNkF vflI qy rylvy df Pftk twp ky sYNtrl jylH iProjLpur dy ipCy pYNdI sVk jo koiVHaF dI bsqI ivcoN lMGdI sI, ivcoN huMdy hoey afKr kfPI rfq geI lUn mMzI ivc af gey ijQy AuhnF ny afpxI dukfn KulHvf ky mYnUM aMdr sOx leI QF dy idqI qy nfl ieh vI ikhf ik afpxI Psl sfzI afVHq qy ilafieaf krnI. aMdr grmI sI pr QoVHI spIz qy pKf cl irhf sI. Qky hox kr ky mYnUM CyqI hI nINd af geI. svyry AuTy qF rfq nUM afVHq dI dukfn df bUhf KolHx vfly ny cfh mMgvf ky ipafeI qy ksUrI gyt dy bfhr ijQoN PfijLlkf nUM bs cldI sI, AuQy ikvyN phuMcxf hY, smJf idqf.

 

 

 

iProjLpur sLihr dIaF glIaF ivc

 

biTMzy sLihr qy Auhdf aflf dvflf myrf sfrf pYdl gfihaf hoieaf sI qy mYN biTMzy dIaF glIaF qoN pUrI qrHF vfkP sF. EdoN biTMzf sLihr huMdf vI bhuq Cotf sI pr inafxI Aumr ivc vyKI hr sLYa vzI vzI lgdI hY aqy bVI ajIb qy aduBuq vI. vYsy vI myrI afdq jF sLOk sI ik mYN hr cIjL nUM afpxy aMdr smo lYxf chuMdf sF qy sLfied ies Aumry sfry ies qrHF hI socdy hn. keI vfr Auh kuJ krn nUM vI idl krdf jo smfjk, kfnUMnI jF nYiqk qOr qy mfVf smiJaf jFdf sI, ijvyN iek vfr biTMzy rylvy stysLn qy mYN jnfnf twtIaF ivc vV igaf qy iJVkF KfDIaF pr mn ivc jfxn dI Auqsukqf sI ik Prk kI hY. biTMzy stysLn qy ryVHI lf ky cfh, krIm rol, ibskut, kyk vycx vfilaF qoN pihlI vfr mYN pystrI jF kyk sxy kfgjL hI Kf ilaf sI. iesy qrHF pihlI vfr mYnUM ieh vI pqf nf lwgy ik cfh kwp nfl pIxI hY jF Qly rKI plyt ivc. mYN jo aMdfjLf lf sikaf sF Auh isrP ieh sI ik jy jldI hovy Bfv gwzI turn vflI hovy qF grm cfh Qly plyt ivc pf ky pI lO ikENik plyt ivc TMZI jldI ho jFdI hY. jykr cfh vycx vfly df iDafn QoVHf eyDr EDr hovy qF iek aDI cIjL cuk ky mUMh ivc pf lO ijvyN dukfndfr qoN kuJ KrIdx qoN bfad JUMgf mMgx df bVf irvfj sI qy keI vfr kihxf ik JUMgf QoVHf idqf hY. kxk dIaF vfZIaF dy idnF ivc jdoN PlHy vfh ky kxk inklxI. qUVI qy kxk az az ho jfxI qF EQy ipVF ivc jf ky irVI jLrUr mMgxI. iPr ieh imwtI qy isty rly dfxy hwtI qy jf ky vycxy qy mrUMzf jF koeI hor cIjL lY ky KfxI.

 

iProjLpur afVHq dI dukfn qoN mulqfnI gyt ijQoN PfijLlkf nUM bws cldI sI, ikvyN pujxf hY, dukfn qy kMm krn vfly ny smJf qF idqf sI pr bfhr af ky mYN gvfc igaf. iksy glI muhwly dI koeI vfkPIaq nhIN sI. ies sLihr dI bxfvt biTMzy nfloN kfPI vKrI sI. pihrfvf, bolI, lok qy dukfnF dy rMgF df vI Prk sI. mulqfnI gyt lBdf lBdf mYN muV ky lUn mMzI hI af jFdf sF. sMgdf iksy nUM ijLafdf puCdf vI nhIN sF. bVf BUl BuleIaF vflf sLihr sI iProjLpur. lUn mMzI df EdoN ieko gyt huMdf sI. EQoN mYN iProjLopur dy myn bfjLfr ivc af igaf. eyQoN iek rfh sjy, iek Kby, iek iswDf gobr mMzI vwl qy Kby pfsy mocI bfjLfr nUM inkldf sI. eyQy af ky mYnUM smJ nf sfvy ik iks pfsy jfvF. soc sfc ky mYN cOk ivcoN sjy pfsy nUM muV igaf qy qurI igaf. aKIr mYN dyv smfj kflj agoN lMGdf hoieaf bFsI gyt twp igaf qy eyQoN iPr pqf nf lgy ik eyQoN Kby muVnf hY jF swjy jF iswDy bsqI kMboj vwl jfxf hY. eyQoN iPr mYN sjy pfsy vl muV ky mKU gyt phuMc igaf qy iksy nUM puiCaf ik mYN mulqfnI gyt ikvyN pujxf hY. Es afpxI smJ anusr mYnUM mKU gyt aMdr jf ky isDy qury jfx nUM ikhf. agy jf ky ieh rfh iPr do pfsy muVdf sI. iek iswDf qy iek sjy pfsy bfivaF vfly muhwly vwl nUM. eyQoN mYN iswDy jfxf TIk smiJaf qy iPr lUn mMzI agy phuMc igaf ijQoN mYN svyry quiraf sF. hux iPr isDf quiraf igaf qy myn bfjLfr qy af ky ies vfr sjy dI bjfey Kby nUM muV igaf qy idwlI drvfjLy phuMc igaf. eyQoN iPr iksy qoN puiCaf qF koeI dwsx lwgf jF qF istI Qfxy agoN dI ho ky, swjy muV ky kfsLI ngrI vflI sVk qy iswDf quiraf jf qy mYgjLInI gyt twp ky iPr mulqfnI gyt dy bfhrvfr iek afhfqy ivcoN bwsF cldIaF hn. jF idwlI gyt ivcoN ipCy muV jf qy agy Kby hQ quiraf jf qy iek cOk afeygf purfxy bfjLfr df. eyQoN Kby muV ky mulqfnI gyt dy bfhr bsF df azf iml jfvygf.

 

vYsy qF mYNnUM pUrI qrHF kuJ smJ nhIN af rhI sI. drasl gwl ieMj hoeI ik bVf Kwjl Kvfr ho ky mYN bfrF vjy qk sbjLI mMzI dy bfhrvfr iek hfqy ivc qF phuMc igaf ijQoN sfry idn ivc iek bws PfijLlkf nUM jFdI sI pr Ausdy clx df koeI tfeIm mukrr nhIN sI. EQy jf ky pqf lwgf ik bws cfr vjy clxI hY. rIpyar hox geI hoeI hY. itkt hux lY lvo. mYN itkt qF KrId leI pr keI svfrIaF lMmI AuzIk ipCoN awk ky itktF moV ky clIaF geIaF qy hor svfrIaF af geIaF sn. ieQy ieh hI pqf lwgf ik keI vfr ieh bws cldI sI qy keI vfr cldI hI nhIN sI.

 

pfTk hYrfn hoxgy ik mYnUM nvyN nvyN nUM iProjLpur sLihr dIaF glIaF qy gytF df iek dm ikvyN pqf lg igaf sI. dr asl bfad ivc mYN iProjLpur sLihr qy ies ielfky ivc apRYl 1951 qoN lY ky meI 1971 qk 20 sfl ieQy irhf aqy ieh lMmf smF iProjLpur ivc rihx nfl isrP sLihr dy sB glI, muhilaF qy kUicaF df pqf eI nf lwgf, sgoN jIvn dy pihly 35 sflF ivcoN iProjLpur ivc 20 sfl rihxf jIvn df bhuq vzf qjrbf aqy vrdfn sI. KYr mYN mulqfnI gyt dy bfhrvfr sbjLI mMzI dy bfhr bxy ZfibaF qoN bVy svfd pUVIaF Coly KfDy. ikENik bws sLfmIN cfr vjy clxI sI, ies leI mYN lfgy pYNdf iProjLpur df rylvy stysLn vI vyK afieaf qy mYnUM Xfd af igaf ik jdoN sfzI gwzI pfiksqfn ivcoN sqluj diraf pfr kr ky iProjLpur dy rylvy stysLn qy rukI sI qF ies sLihr dy lokF ny gwzI ivc zky hoey pfiksqfn ivcoN AujV ky afey BuKy aqy iqhfey inZfl sLrnfrQIaF nUM lMgr Ckfieaf sI. PfijLlkf nUM jfx vflIaF jo gzIaF iProjLpur CfAuxI dy rylvy stysLn qoN cldIaF sn, Auh ies iProjLpur sLihr dy rylvy stysLn qy af ky keI vfr kfPI dyr rukdIaF sn. ieQoN PfijLlkf rylvy lfeIn qy aglf stysLn KfeI Pymy kI, iPr Jok tihl isMG, iPr kor isMG vflf qy aglf stysLn mMzI gurU hr shfey sI. iek qrHF df kuJ ku nksLf myry mn ivc bx igaf sI. sLfm qk PfijLlkf nUM jfx vflI bws eynI Br geI ik bws dI Cwq Auqy vI bYTx nUM QF nhIN sI. bhuq lok bws dy ieMjn agy vI bYTy hoey sn qy kuJ bfrIaF nfl ltky hoey sn. ies CotI jhI bws df ieMjn stfrt krn leI ies dy mUhry iek lohy df hYNzl keI vfr Pyrnf pYNdf sI qF jy msF ieh bws stfrt huMdI sI. jy zrfeIvr bws df ieMjn bMd kr dyvy qF kMzktr nUM iPr hYNzl Pyrnf pYNdf sI. iek hor bws vI EQy KVHI sI jIhdy mgr cUny vflf Zol ijhf lwgf hoieaf sI qy Auh sLfied koiely nfl cldI sI qy ies nUM kfPI icr pihlF grm krnf pYNdf sI.

 

jdoN bws KfeI Pymy kI twp ky agy nihr df pul lMG ky PfijlLkf nUM jFdI kwcI sVk qy cwlI qF sfry musfPrF dy mUMh isr imwtI nfl Br gey. kMzktr dI afvfjL qoN eI pqf lgdf sI ik hux ikhVf azf afieaf hY. eynI ijLafdf BrI bws ivcoN Auqrnf qy cVHnf bhuq aOKf sI ikENik mUMh isr Gwty imwtI nfl Br jfx kr ky pUrI qrHF idsdf hI kuJ nhIN sI. ijvyN ikvyN bws hOlI hOlI cldI, zko zoly KFdI qy toieaF ivc hjoky mfrdI cwl rhI sI. musfPr iek dUjy Auqy izg rhy sn. bws dy aMdr sfh vI Gut irhf sI. mYnUM qF ieh vI pqf nhIN sI gudVZMzI ajy ikMnU ku dUr hY. nfl bYTy iek hwty kwty pwky rMg dy iek musfPr ijs df mUMh isr qF mMuinaf hoieaf sI pr muCF nUM vwt idqy hoey sn qy vyKx nUM zfkU lgdf sI, nUM mYN puiCaf ik ipMz guwdVZMzI ikMnU ku dUr hY. Auhny bVI hlImI nfl disaf ik ajy ipMz BUry, iPr krIaF pihlvfn, iPr lKo ky bihrfm, iPr alPU ky, iPr loDrF, iPr hfmd qy iPr guwdVZMzI afAuxf hY. GMtf ku lg jfvygf. iPr Auhny afp eI dws idqf ik Auhny vI ipMz gwudVZMzI hI jfxf hY qy mYnUM puiCaf ik mYN kIhnF vwl jfxf hY. mYN disaf sfnUM ies ipMz ivc byrIaF vfly KUh qy jLmIn alft hoeI hY qy ipMz ivc lMbrdfr Kym isMG dy Gr jfxf hY ijhVf ipCoN pfisqfn ivcoN sfzy ipMz lfgy df hY. Auh Pwt kihx lwgf ik qUM jQydfr Bgq isMG df lVkf hY? mYN jdoN hF ikhf qF Auh kihx lgf ik mYN ipMz df cOkIdfr hF. mYN qYnUM quhfzy KUh qy Cz ky afvFgf qy jy qUM ipMz rihxf hoieaf qF lMbrdr Kym isMG dy Gr Cz afvFgf. ieh qF myry bfpU nUM vI jfxdf sI qy nfly sfzy Es ipMz df eI af ijQy sfnUM jLmIn alft hoeI af, ies qoN vD mYnUM hor KusLI kI ho skdI sI. ijvyN ikvyN vI sLfm qk jdoN bws ny sfnUM ipMz guwdVZMzI dy azy qy Auqfiraf qF mUMh isr Gwty qy imwtI nfl Bry hoey sn. cOkIdfr ijsdf nF mYnUM Bul igaf hY pr eynf Xfd hY ik Auh eIsfeI sI, ny afpxy prny nfl myrf sfrf mUMh isr JfiVaf qy mYN afpxy kpVy sfP kIqy. Auhny bDo bDI Jolf myry hQoN PV ilaf qy asIN ds ku imMtF bfad asIM ipMz gudVZMzI aMdr phuMc gey ijQy cOkIdfr ny mYnUM sfnUM alft hoieaf kwcy koTy vfl Gr ivKfieaf aqy nfl hI lgdy lMbrdfr Kym isMG dy Gr mYnUM Cz afieaf. jd Auhny lMbVdfrnI Bfv nMjI dI mF nUM disaf ik ieh byrIaF vfly KUh dy nvyN alftI jQydfr Bgq isuMh df lVkf hY qF Auh bhuq KusL hoeI. myrf isr ploisaf. myrI mF df hfl cfl puiCaf qy myry hfx dIaF kuVIaF nUM cfh pfxI bnfAux leI cONky ivc Byj idqf. AuhnF nUM alft hoieaf vI sfrf Gr kwcf sI. mYN vyiKaf ik ipMz qF Cotf ijhf hI sI qy sfry ipMz ivc koeI pwkf Gr nhIN sI. cOkIdfr ieh kih ky clf igaf ik mYN cfh pfxI pI lvF qy Auh mYnUM byrIaF vfly KUh qy Cz afvygf ijQy sfnUM nvIN jLmIn alft hoeI sI. ikAuNik rfh ivc kfinaF df eyzf vzf jMgl sI ik mYN jy iek vfr zMzI Bwul igaf qF gvfc jfvFgf. nMbrdfr dy prvfr ny bhuq ikhf ik mYN rfq AuhnF dy Gr rhF qy AuhnF ny ieh vI disaf ik AuhnF nUM eysy ipMz dy rkby ivc pYNdI jLmIn bsqI tirizaF vflI ivc byrIaF vfly KUh dy lfgy hI alft hoeI hY pr AuhnF ajy rhfiesL ipMz ivc hI rKI af ikENik EQy rihx leI hfly kfinaF dI koeI CMn jF JugI nhIN bxI. quhfzy byrIaF vfly KUh qy qF rfey iswKF ny qyry bfpU nUM kwcf koTf KflI kr idqf hY qy lfgy do CMnF vI bxf idqIaF hn. iek psU zMgrF leI qy iek afey gey leI jF Psl rKx leI.  vfhI krn leI ipMzoN jLmIn bVI dUr pYNdI af. afh isafl kZ ky asIN vI agly sfl bsqI tirizaF vflI cly jfvFgy. mYN cfh pI ky sfnUM knfl dy plft ivc alft hoieaf kwcf koTf vyiKaf ijQy bfhr iek rfey iswK aOrq culHy dI svfh nfl BFzy mFj rhI sI. kol Ausdy vgdy nwkF vfly bwcy Kyz rhy sn qy AuhnF ny bVy mfVy kpVy pfey hoey sn. kuJ icr bfad cOkIdfr vI af igaf qy Auhdy nfl ipMz df dukfndfr sLfdI lfl vI sI ijs dI ipMz ivc CotI jhI dukfn sI. ieh lok vMz qoN pihlF dy eyQy rihMdy sn. muslmfn cly gey sn qy hux iehnF dI afmdn df dfro mudfr nvyN alftI hI sn. jd cOkIdfr mYnUM byrIaF vfly KUh qy Czx igaf qF mYN aYny kfny qy sVkVy df jMgl vyK ky isrP hYrfn hI nf hoieaf, sgoN zr igaf ik vfikaf eI ies jMgl ivc koeI gvfc jfvy qF iPr rfh lBnf bhuq musLkl sI. jdoN asIN KUh qy phuMcy qF iek Jony vflI pYlI ivc bfpU mMjI qy bYTf sI qy rfey iswK qy AuhnF dIaF Gr vflIaF iek motI vwt qy Jony dIaF prflIaF jLor jLor nfl mfr ky Jonf JfV rhIaF sn. bfpU ny KusL ho ky mYnUM jPI pf ky ipafr kIqf qy mMjI qy ibTfl idqf qy kuJ rfey iswK mujLfiraF ny mYnUM Cotf lMbVdfr kihMidaF myry pYrIN hQ lfey. cOkIdfr qF mYnUM Cz ky qy bfpU nUM iml ky ipMz nUM muV igaf.

 

nvIN alft hoeI jLmIn dy KyqF ivc ieh myrI pihlI sLfm sI jo rfq ivc vtx qoN pihlF bfpU qy rfey iswKF ny rl ky Gr dI kZI sulPy dI lft vrgI sLrfb pIqI. rfey iswKF ny isLkfr kr ky ilaFdf seIaV (KrgosL) df mfs cMgf imrc msflf pf ky dysI iGE ivc BuMn ky intI dy brqnF ivc pf ky rVHIaF hoeIaF qMdUrI rotIaF nfl Kvfieaf jo eynf svfd sI ik aj qk vI nhIN Builaf. qMdUr dohVF coGy kZ kZ ky mKn nfl copVIaF hoeIaF sn aqy dysI iGE ivc rlI sLkr df afpxf hI svfd sI. GIaf qorIaF dI sbjLI qF Es rfq qoN bfad vI hjLfrF vfr KfDI hovygI pr krfrIaF imrcF pf ky jo svfd qorIaF GgrIaF vflIaF rfey iswKxIaF ny bxfeIaF sn, Auho jhI bxI svfd sbjLI kdy vI nhIN BulI. mTI mTI TMZ ivc KUh lfgy DfeIaF dIaF pYlIaF ivc mCr lVn dy bfvjUd vI iBMnI rYxVIey qy cmkx qfiraF ivc DfeIaF dy KyqF ivc kwtI Auh rfq kdy nhIN BulI, kdy Bul vI nhIN skdI.

 

 

 

byrIaF vflf KUh

 

DfeIaF dy KulHy KyqF ivc ijQy cfr cuPyry bfsmqI dI KusLbU ibKrI hoeI sI, rfqIN nINd qF bVI afeI pr svyry AuT ky vyiKaf ik sfrf mUMh qy hQ pYr ijQy rfqIN mCr lVdf irhf sI, dy DPV pY gey sn. mCr lVIaF QfvF qy Kurk ho rhI sI. ieh vI pqf lwgf ik ies ielfky ivc mlyrIaf hox nfl bhuq qyjL buKfr cVHdf sI qy keI lok hr sfl mr jFdy sn. nyVy qyVy koeI zfktr vI nhIN sI. srkfrI hspqfl mmdot ivc sI jF mMzI gurU hrshfey ivc. dovyN QfvF jo vzy ksby sn, kfPI dUr pYNdy sn. AuhnF idnF ivc sfeIkl vI iksy iksy kol hI huMdf sI. lok pYdl hI qur ky jFdy sn. sOKy lokF kol GoVI ho skdI sI pr ieh ielfkf qF muK qOr qy grIb qy AujfV ielfkf sI, iksy kol sLfied hI sfeIkl jF GoVI hovygI. mihqy ivc sLfh kol jIp sI qy ipMz ivc lokF kol AUT, gzy qy rQ afid vI sn pr ies byt dy ielfky ivc iksy kol AUT hox dI sMBfvnf Gwt hI sI. sLfied ajy gwzf vI iksy kol nhIN sI. hF, KoqIaF hI Zoaf ZvfeI df muK ijLrIaf sn. ipMz dy cOkIdfr ny KoqIaF rKIaF hoeIaF sn.

 

KYr iek ikwkr qoN tfhxI qoV ky mYN dfqn bxfeI qy dfqx krdf krdf eyDr EDr iPr ky aflf dvflf vyKx lwgf. byrIaF dy rwuKF ivc rfey iswKF ny afpxy qy psUaF leI JugIaF pfeIaF hoeIaF sn. ivc iek kwcf koTf sI jo rfvF ny sfnUM vzy alftI hox kr ky dy idqf sI. DfeIaF dI Psl sFB sMBfl ipCoN AuhnF ny kfny qy srkVf vZ ky kcy koTy dy sfhmxy sfzy leI do JugIaF pf dyxIaF sn. iehnF JugIaF agy jy iPVkf nf lfieaf jfvy qF isaflF ivc TMZ aMdr af skdI sI. kmfl ieh sI kfinaF dIaF iehnF JugIaF ivc mINh df pfxI aMdr nhIN aONdf sI. jy ikqy bhuq ijLafdf quPfn af jfvy qF JugIaF jVHF qoN putIaF vI jFdIaF sn. iek Kyq dI vwt lfgy bhuq sfry kyilaF dy ruK sn jo bVy KUbsUrq lgdy sn. bfr ivc sfzy muribaF ivc vI bhuq kyly lfey hoey sn qy hux eyQy vI iqMn cfr sfl bfad kyly vyKx nUM imly sn. kyilaF nUM kyly lgy vI hoey sn pr ajy kcy sn. nfl dy KyqF ivc byrIaF dy bhuq ruwK sn. jdoN mYN vwt qy qurdy ny kyilaF dy iek vzy guCy vwl vyiKaf qF vyK ky ijQy hYrfn ho igaf, EQy zr vI igaf ik kyilaF dy guCy qy iek PnIar nfg bYTf hoieaf sI. mYN zr ky Bwjf qy hfkU qy kflU rf nUM swp bfry disaf. iek dm ikMny sfry rf zFgF kZ ky kyly dvfly iekTy ho gey qy kfly nfg nUM mfrn dIaF ivENqF krn lgy. Auh afpxI bolI ivc gwlF kr rhy sn ijs dI mYnUM pUrI qrHF smJ nhIN af rhI sI. mYN eynf smJ irhf sF ik AuhnF ivcoN iek kih irhf sI ik jy nfg kyly qoN Qly Auqr afvy qF ies nUM zFgF nfl mfr deIey. eyny nUM bfpU vI iek sotf lY ky af igaf. bfpU ny ikhf ik nfg nUM iswDf sotf nf mfirE iehny iek dm DOx eyDr EDr kr lYxI hY. iehnUM pfsy qoN soty dI Pyt mfr ky iehdf lk qoV idE qy jdoN Qly izgy qF iehdI isrI Pyh idE. pr swp qF kyilaF dy guCy Auqy hI bYTf hoieaf sI qy sI vI aYnf Aucf ijQy zFg dI mfr nhIN pY skdI sI. kuJ icr bfad kflU rf ny pYlI ivcoN do iqMn ZImF ilaf ky swp vwl mfrnIaF sLurU kr idqIaF. jdoN Auh ZImF Auhdy lgIaF qF Auhny PMn KVHI kr leI qy QoVHf Aucf hoieaf. kflU ny hor ZImF mfrIaF ik swp Qly nUM afvy qy AuhnUM kwut deIey pr swp Qly nhIN Auqr irhf sI. hfkU ny prflI ilaf ky kyly dy muZ ivc sut ky Es nUM ag lf idqI qy jdoN awg df syk qy DMUaF swp nUM ciVaHf qF Auh Qly izg ipaf qy rfvF ny Auhdy qy zFgF df mINh vrHf idqf qy mfr ky pYlI ivc khI nfl kfPI zUMGf toaf put ky ivc dwb idqf qy AuqoN cMgI qrHF imtI pf idqI. AuhnF dIaF gwlF bfqF qoN pqf lwgf ik ies DrqI qy Kpry, kwlry, kfly qy BUry nfg afm qury iPrdy sn qy Auh rf iswK aksr iehnF swpF nUM mfrdy rihMdy sn. jy ikqy AuhnF nUM spnI dy idqy aFzy ids pYNdy qF Auh imwtI df qyl pf ky sfV dyNdy pr ivcoN keI spolIey Bwj ky KyqF ivc gvfc jFdy qy iPr swp bx jFdy.

 

swpF, igwdVF, sUrF, sihaF, iqwqrF qy hor jMglI jfnvrF dI ies DrqI qoN zr lgxf kudrqI sI. vYsy hor jfnvr ijvyN icVIaF, qoqy, GugIaF, syVHIaF, gutfrF qy kF vI cugdy jF Auzdy idsdy sn qy ivc ivc kfly qy BUry iqqrF dIaF afvfjLF af rhIaF sn. swp mfrn dI Kyz Kqm hox ipCoN bfpU ny disaf ik ieh kmfd, kpfh, imrcF dI Psl vI afpxI sI qy DfeIaF vflIaF pYlIaF df JfV lYx ipCoN ies nUM vfh ky iehnF ivc kxk vIj dyxI sI. bfpU ny ieh vI disaf ik rfq nUM igwdV kmfd Krfb kr jFdy sn. mYN byrIaF vfly KUh qoN QoVHf cVHdy vwl igaf qF EQy kfinaF qy srkVy ivc luikaf hoieaf iek aMnHf KUh sI. pfxI qF idsdf sI pr KUh kfPI dyr qoN vrqoN ivc nhIN sI. eys KUh dy afly dvfly vI bVIaF byrIaF sn pr hux byrF dI rwuq lMG cukI sI. cfr cuPyrf kfinaF dy jMgl sn ijQy rfvF dy inky inky muMzy idn vyly mfl zMgr cfrdy aqy dopihr vyly psUaF nUM byrIaF Qly ilaf ky ibTf dyNdy. mYN iek byrI Qly KVHf sF ik iek suMzI jhI myrI DOx qy afx izgI. mYN hQ nfl prHF kr hI irhf sF ik ieMc qoN lMmI suMzI ijs Aupr kfPI vfl sn, dy Cuhx nfl hI DOx ivc KfrsL hox lgI. ipCoN pqf lwgf ik ies suMzI df nF kMnf-kwuqI sI jo byrIaF qy afm huMdI sI qy ijs psU jF bMdy qy izg pYNdI, EQy keI idn KfrsL huMdI rihMdI sI aqy DwPV pY jFdy sn. mCr, kMnf-kwuqIaF qy swpF dy ies byt dy ielfky ivc hux nvF jIvn sLrU hoxf sI. hor vyiKaf ik cfr cuPyry ijQy srkVf qy kfny hI kfny sn, EQy KyqF ivc dB, jvHF qy pohlI vI bVI AugI hoeI sI. ikDry ikDry hrml dy bUty vI sn. dB df kMzf qy pohlI df kMzf jy pYr ivc cuB jfvy qF ivcy eI twut jFdf sI qy keI idn pIV nhIN jFdI sI. dB dy bhuqy kMzy cuBn nfl pYrF ivc gVHmorIaF vI ho jFdIaF sn jo bVIaF rVkdIaF sn. rfvF dy muMzy qF dB dy kMizaF dI prvfh nhIN krdy sn qy nMgy pYrIN hI dB aqy pohlI qy qury iPrdy sn. AuhnF dy pYrF nUM  grmI srdI df koeI asr nhIN huMdf sI.

 

mYN keI idn byrIaF vfly KUh qy irhf. rfvF dIaF Gr vflIaF jo AuKlI ivc DfeIN pf ky DfeIaF nUM mohilaF nfl kutdIaF sn qy iPr AuhnF ivcoN Cwj nfl Cwt ky icty icty icty cOl kZ lYNdIaF sn. cwkI Joa ky kxk qy mkI df aftf vI pIh lYNdIaF sn. ieh rfey iswK lok cOl bVy KusL ho ky KFdy sn. rfey iswK mCIaF PV ilafAuNdy aqy mCI dI qrI cOlF qy pf ky KFdy qy mCI jF seIaV (KrgosL) dI sbjLI ivc imrcF bhuq pONdy. kuJ idnF bfad mYnUM vI qyjL imrcF vflI iehnF dI sbjLI cMgI lwgx lg peI. iehnF dIaF motIaF TulIaF rotIaF qy sbjLI df svfd inafrf qy vKrf sI. ieh imrcF dI ctxI vI bxfAuNdy. ies byrIaF vfly KUh qy nhfAux df afpxf eI svfd sI. pfxI bVf TMZf qy imTf sI. jdoN bld joV ky KUh cldf qF itMzF df pfxI pfVCy ivc izg ky cubcy ivc af jFdf qy EQoN bfltIaF Br Br ky ipMzy qy pOx df bVa anoKf svfd sI. rfvF dy keI muMzy KUh ivc Cfl mfr idMdy qy nhf ky itMzF dI mfhl rfhIN bfhr af jFdy. iehnF dI rIs brIsy mYN vI KUh ivc Cfl mfr ky kfPI icr TMZy pfxI df anMd mfixaf qy vyiKaf ik KUh ivc zzU vI bVy sn pr AuhnF qoN zrn dI koeI loV nhIN sI. Auh kuJ nhIN kihMdy sn qy AuhnF df rMg bhqf kr ky pIlf eI sI. jdoN Auh boldy qF AuhnF dI gVYN gVYN bVI dUr qoN hI sux jFdI sI. rfq nUM ies byrIaF vfly KUh qy ibMzy vI bVy boldy sn. itkI rfq ivc iehnF dI afvfjL df afpxf hI aduBuq qy anoKf rMg sI. ijMny idn mYN byrIaF vfly KUh qy irhf, sLurU ivc qF bVf zr lgdf sI pr ipCoN ieh zr lgxf Gt igaf. GgrIaF vflIaF keI rfey isKxIaF bVIaF jvfn, suzOl qy KUbsUrq sn qy anpVH hox kfrn bVIaF isDIaF sfDIaF sn. iehnF dy vrqoN vfly brqn qy gihxy vI vKrI qrHF dy sn. ieh imwtI dI prfq ivc aftf guMnHdIaF sn qy afm qOr qOr GgrIaF hI pONdIaF sn. mrd qihmqF bMnHdy sn. muMzy nMgy pYrIN hI qury iPrdy sn. lfgy koeI skUl nf hox kr ky ieh pVHn vI nhIN jFdy sn.

 

drasl ieh ielfkf pfiksqfn bnx qoN pihlF vDyry qOr qy nvfb mmdot df ielfkf sI. ies sfry ielfky ivc keI ipMz Auhdy sn qy muslmfn mujLfry AuhdIaF jLmInF vhuMdy sn. vMz ipCoN ijQy nvfb mmdot pfiksqfn clf igaf, EQy muslmfn mujLfry vI pfiksqfn cly gey qy ijLlf imMtgumrI ivcoN afpxy afp nUM rfey iswK aKvfAuNdy ieh hjLfrF mony iswK pfiksqfn cly gey muslmfnF dIaF jLmInF qy kbjLf kr ky bYT gey sn. ikENik ipCoN ieh by jLmIny afey sn, ies leI iehnF nUM ieh jLmInF alft nhIN hoeIaF sn qy isrP iehnF dy kbjLy aDIn sn. ijhVy rfey iswK sqluj pfroN eyDr ihMdosqfn nhIN afey sn, Auh EDr hI muslmfn ho gey sn. jd alftI afxy sLrU ho gey qF ieh rfey iswK ijnHF nUM ieh Brosf sI ik afjLfd ihMdosqfn ivc iek idn jvfhr lfl nihrU iProjLpur afeygf aqy sfry byjLmIny rfey isKF nUM ieh jLmInF pky qOr qy dy jfvygf, dI AuzIk ivc sn. jdoN alftI afAuxy sLrU ho gey qy iehnF koloN jLmInF dy kbjLy mMgx lgy qF keI QfvF qy KMUn Krfby vI hoey sn. pr jdoN iehnF rfvF ny ptvfrIaF qy qihsIldfrF kol sqluj diraf dI byt ivc af ky afpxy kbijLaF hyT rKIaF jLmInF dIaF guhfrF pfeIaF qy bMjr byafbfd jLmInF nUM afbfd krn dy vfsqy pfey qF AuhnF nUM iehI ikhf igaf ik srkfr AuhnF nUM bfrzr dy ies byt ielfky ivc pMj pMj eykV jLmIn alft krygI. mYN  hux jldI vfps skUl nUM muVn df progrfm bxf irhf sF ikAuNik myrI pVHfeI Krfb ho rhI sI. rfey iswKxIaF jo sfzy mujLfiraF dIaF svfxIaF sn, myry leI gfvF df iGE iekTf kr rhIaF sn bfsmqI dy cOl vI jo mYN nfl ipMz mihqy nUM lY ky jfxy sn.

  

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