www.khabarnama.com  {Punjabi Newspaper Khabarnama Toronto} email: editor@khabarnama.com 


 

ਅਖ਼ਬਾਰ ਪੜ੍ਹਨ ਲਈ ਪੰਜਾਬੀ  ਫਾਂਟ ਇੱਥੋਂ ਡਾਊਂਨਲੋਡ ਕਰ

 

 

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ikWsf imrjLf sfihbF df aiDaYn: imrjLf aYsf sUrmf

-blrfj isMG isWDU, XU[ ky[(www.balrajsidhu.com, e-mail: balrajssidhu@yahoo.co.uk, Mob: 0044 -7940120555)

 

ipafr nMU mnuWK dIaF cOdF mUl pRivrqIaF ivcoN AuWqm grdfinaF jFdf hY. dunIaF dIaF bfkI BfsLfvF vFg pMjfbI jLbfn ivc vI pRym khfxI nMU iek ivlWKx sQfn pRfpq hY.vYsy qF hr pRfxI dI koeI nf koeI afpxI pRIq kQf huMdI hY. pr Auh inWj qWk hI sIimq ho ky rih jFdI hY.prMqU kuJ mnuWKF dIaF pRym khfxIaF afm lokF nfloN vWKrIaF, idlcsp, aloikk qy alokfrI huMdIaF hn.ies leI lok AusdIaF bfqF pfAuNdy hn qy Auh sfihq df ainKVvF aMg bxky iek pIVI qoN dUjI qWk huMdIaF hoeIaF sdIaF qWk amr rihMdIaF hn.ieho ijhI hI sfzI iek pRym khfxI hY, imrjLf-sfihbF.jdoN vI imrjLy df ijLkr iCVdf hY qF sfzy ijLhn ivc cfr pfqr sfKsLfq af KVHdy hn. iek ikWsy df nfiek imrjLf, dUjI nfiekf sfihbF qy qIjI shfiek pfqr imrjLy dI GoVI bWkI aqy cOQf Auh jMz ijsdI CfvyN imrjLf vWiZaf jFdf hY.

ikWsf sLbd ijsdf arQ khfxI, kQf jF ibrqfq huMdf hY. BfvyN ieh arbI BfsLf df sLbd hY, pr pMjfbI ivc vI iesnMU AunI hI mfnqf pRfpq hY, ijMnI ik arbI, PfrsI jF ierfnI adb ivc hY. ikWsy df AudBv ivdvfnF anusfr PfrsI mnsvI pRMprf rfhIN hoieaf hY. iehI kfrn hY ik sfzy kol ijAuxf mOV, duWlf BWtI, jYml-PWqf, suWcf sUrmf, sLfhxI kOlF, rUp-bsMq vrgy ikWsy qy pMjfbI ikWsfkfrF dy nfmF vI lMbI PirsLq mOjUd hY. ijnHF ivcoN dmodr (hIr-rFJf), vfirsL sLfh (hIr-rFJf), hFsLm kfdrXfr (sWsI-punMU),  pIlU (imrjLf-sfihbF), hfiPLjL brKLurdfr (imrjLf-sfihbF), aihmd Xfr (kfmrUp-kfmlqf), kfdr Xfr (rfjf rsflU, pUrn Bgq), PjLl sLfh (sohxI-mihvfl, lYlf-mjnUM), iemfm bKsL (sLfh bihrfm), aihmd gujr, mukbl afidk nfm pRmuWK hn.

mrd pRDfn smfj dy huMidaF hoieaF vI pMjfbI dy ijMny vI purfqn pRIq ikWsy hn, AuhnF ivc nfiek qoN pihlF nfiekf df nfm afAuNdf hY, ijvyN hIr-rFJf, sWsI-punMU, mlkI-kImf, sWmI-Zolf, sihqI-murfd, sLIrI-Prhfd, lYlf-mjnMU, bygo-ieMdr, sohxI-mhIvfl, sLIrI-Kusro afidk. iesdf iek mfqr kfrn ieh irhf hY ik iehnF ikWisaF ivWc nfiekfvF nfiek dy mukfbly vDyry AuWdmI, dlyr, blvfn, clfk aqy bhfdrI BrpUr kfrnfmy krdIaF hn.pMjfbI df isrP qy isrP ieWko ieWk ikWsf hY ijs ivc nfiek df nfm nfiekf qoN pihlF afAuNdf hY. Auh hY pIlU ricq imrjLf-sfihbF, ikAuNik ikWsy ivc nfiek df sMGrsL nfiekf qoN vDyry huMdf hY qy Auh sfry ikWsy ivc nfiekf `qy BfrU rihMdf hY. nfiekf df kMm qF isrP bWkI `qy JUtf lYx jF qIr qoVHx df hI huMdf hY. pIlU ny vWK-vWK pRkfr dIaF smgrIaF aqy msfly pf ky ieh jLfiekydfr ikWsf iqafr kIqf hY.

pMjfbI ikWsf kfiv df jnmdfqf jF bfbf bohV dmodr nMU mMinaf jFdf hY.ikAuNik Aus ny sB qoN pihlF qy sB qoN vWD mkbUl ikWsy hIr dI rcnf nfl pMjfbI ivc ikWsf kfiv df afrMB kIqf. Aus qoN bfad hux qWk ZfeI sO pMjfbI adIbF ny hIr `qy klm ajLmfeI kIqI hY, jo ikqfbI rUp ivc AuplvD hY. bfkI axpRkfisLq hor vI bhuq hoxgy.iesy pRkfr imrjLy dy ikWsy nMU sB qoN pihlF rcxvflf pIlU hY.pIlU ny ies ikWsy nfl nf isrP ikWsf kfiv nMU nvF moV idWqf, sgoN pRMprfgq DfrnfvF, sLYlIaF aqy ivDIaF nMU qoV ky nvIN iprq pfeI. pIlU qoN pihlF hr pMjfbI ikWsy df aMq suKFq ivc hoieaf krdf sI qy ikWsy dy nfiek kmjLor, aflsI, zrpok aqy Boly prfsLrIrk sLkqIaF ivc afsQf rWKx vfly hoieaf krdy sn.pIlU ny pWCmI ikWisaF vFg ikWsy df aMq duKFq ivc krn dI pRMprf df muWZ bMinHaf. pIlU ny purqfn jF afpxy qoN pUrbly ikWisaF dI iek gWl nMU gRihx vI kIqf qy afpxy ikWsy ivc Ausy lVI nMU hU-bf-hU aWgy qoiraf. Auh hY ikWsy ivc nfiek aqy nfiekF dy rfh ivc afAux vflf nfiekf df koeI irsLqydfr Klnfiek qy AuhnF dy myl-imlfp vfsqy shfieqf krn vflf koeI nf koeI shfiek pfqr jo afm qOr `qy nfiekf dy Gr jfx dI phuMc rWKdf huMdf hY.ijLafdfqr ieh pfqr buWZyrI Aumr dI iesqrI hoieaf krdI hY, ijvyN hIr dI shfieqf imWTI nYx, jLulyKf df sfQ buWZI aOrq aqy sfihbF dI mdd AusdI BUaf bIbo krdI hY.

sfzy ivdvfnF df mMnxf hY ik pIlU ipMz vYrovfl, qihsIl qrnqfrn, ijLlHf aMimRqsr df vsnIk muslmfn jWt sI.Ausdf jnm pMdrF sO aWsI eIsvI ivc hoieaf qy pcMnvyN sfl dI Aumr Bog ky 1675 eI: ivc cWkvfl dy ipMz imhrU pIlU ivKy Ausdf idhFq hoieaf. Auh bfdsLfh jhFgIr (1569 -1627) dy aMqly aqy sLfhjhfn (1592-1666) dy muZly smyN ivc hoieaf qy gurU arjn dyv jI (1563-1606) dI sMgq krn df AusnMU mfx pRfpq sI.

imrjLf-sfihbF dy ikWsy df Gtnfkfl 1627-58 mMinaf jFdf hY. dfnfbfd (nnkfxf sfihb, PYslfbfd, pfiksqfn) ivc Krl goq dy vMJl Kfn dy Gr imrjLy df jnm huMdf hY. Ausdy cfr hor Brf qy iek BYx sihqI (CihqI) hY. imrjLy dI bcpn qoN prvirsL nfnky Gr JMg (ijLhlm aqy Jnfa df sMgmI sQfn, mOjUdf KIvf, ijLlHf JMg, pfiksqfn)  ivc huMdI hY.sfihbF isafl (sfihbF df goq sI isafl, jo rfjf sLMkr qoN cWilaf, ijsdI kuWl mhFBfrq dy kOrvF nfl imldI hY qy aWgy af ky KrlF nfl rldI hY.) imrjLy dy mfmy KIvy Kfn DI huMdI hY.inWky huMidaF mkqb ivc pVHidaF donF df iesLk ho jFdf hY. donF dI inWkI Aumry mMgxI vI ho jFdI hY. donoN jvfn huMdy hn qF imrjLf qIr aMdfjLI df vDIaf XoDf qy sfihbF husIn muitafr vjoN pRisWDI pRfpq krdy hn. iksy kfrn imrjLy nfloN sfihbF dI mMgxI qoVH ky cMDV Kfndfn dy puWqr nfl irsLqf kr idWqf jFdf hY.cMDVF dy vMsL dI AuqpqI AuWqrI Bfrq dy sLfsk agnpfl qomr, mhFBfrq dy sLFqnMU aqy arjun pFzvF qoN huMdI hoeI AuhnF dy vzyry cMdr (som) qoN hoeI mMnI jFdI hY. ieh vDyry rfjpUq jF guWjr hn.

ivafh qoN cfr idn pihlF sfihbF afpxy nOkr krmU bfhmx rfhIN imrjLy nMU afpxy ivafh dI KLbr ByjdI hY. imrjLy dI BYx nMU sMdl bfr dy BWtIaF ny ivafhux afAuNxf huMdf hY. imrjLf afpxI BYx sihqI df ivafh ivcy CWz ky afpxI mF, BYx aqy ipAu dy rokx aqy iCWk vWjx, pWlf atkx vrgIaF bdsLnIaF dy bfvjUd afpxI GoVI bWkI AuWqy bYT JMg vWl cWl pYNdf hY.

imrjLy ny GoVI isLMgfr leI, afsx bYTf jf.

cVHdy df pWlf atikaf, CINk sfhmxy af. 16] (ikWsf imrjLf-sfihbF, pIlU)

GroN jFdy imrjLy nMU:-

BYx df rokxf:           cVHdy imrjLy Kfn nMU CihqI kry juafb.

ht ky bYTIN imrijLaf, Gr ivc krIN slfh.

aqy plMG `qy bih ky, myrf hWQIN kfj svfr.

BlHky afAuxgy BWtI sMdl bfr dy, sfihbF sMzy dI bfr. 12]

imrjLy df juafb:      myrf jfx jLrUr df, ipWCy BfeI cfr.

aWCI krn afpxy nWk nMU, nhIN KrlF afAU hfr.

myrf jfxf jLrUr df, jFdy nMU hoV nf pf.13]

mF df rokxf:          cVHdy imrjLy Kfn nUM, mWqF dyvy mF.

bury isaflF dy mfmly, burI isaflF dI rfh.

burIaF isaflF dIaF aOrqF, lYNdIaF jfdU pf.

kWZ klyjy KFdIaF, myry Jfty qyl nf pf.

rMn dI Kfiqr cWilaYN, afvyN nf jfn gvf.

afKy myry lWg jf, aWgy pYr nf pf.14]

imrjLy df juafb:      ivafhI hovy CWz dyvF, mMg nf CWzI jf.

jykr mMg mYN CWz dyvF, lWgy KrlF nMU lfj.2]

ipAu df rokxf:        cVHdy imrjLy Kfn nMU, vMJl dyNdf mWq.

BWT rMnF dI dosqI, KurIN ijnHF dI mWq.

hWs ky lfAuNdIaF XfrIaF, ro ky idMdIaF dWs.

ijs Gr lfeI dosqI, mUl nf GWqoN lWq.

lWQI hWQ nf afvMdI, dfinsLmMdF dI pWq. 18]

imrjLy df juafb:      rfjf JUry rfj nMU, buiD nMU JUry cor.

        gorI JUry rUp nMU, pYrF JUry mor.19] ( ikWsf imrjLf-sfihbF, pIlU)

nfnky ipMz af ky imrjLf afpxI Drm mfsI bIbo rfhIN sfihbF nfl sMprk bxfAuNdf hY.jfm luhfr qoN Auh hjLfr ikWlIaF bxvf ky AuhnF nMU kMD ivc gWz ky sfihbF dy Gr aMdr phuMcdf hY qy sfihbF nMU kWZ ilafAuNdf hY.

PIrojL zogr kUikaf, suxIN Kfn KIvy myrI bfq.

sfihbF nMU imrjLf lY igaf, roNdI sMzy dI bfr.

lf igaf lfj isaflF nMU, igaf sI dfg lgf.

GoVy pfE pfKrF, pYdl ho jfE asvfr.

rsqy pvo pYdol, muWC mWlo asvfr.

sLfvf imrjLf mfrnf, krky kOl krfr. bMd 4]

iProjL zogr ies Gtnf dI Kbr  KIvy Kfn nMU idMdf hY qF sfihbF df Brf sLmIr aqy cMDV GOVy aqy pYdl sfQI lY ky imrjLy sfihbF dI Koj ivc inkl qurdy hn. JMg aqy dfnfbfd dy rsqy ivc imrjLf sfihbF iek jMz hyT ikafm krdy hn. imrjLf GUk suWqf ipaf huMdf hY ik sfihbF df Brf aqy mMgyqr AuhnF nMU af dbocdy hn. isafl aqy cMDVF dI POj nfl hoeI ies jMg ivc iekWlf lVHdf imrjLf mfiraf jFdf hY.

bfvf buWD isMG muqfibk, hfiPLjL  brKurdfr 1676 eI: ivc aOrMgjLyb df smkflI sI. lyikn hfiPLjL  brKLurdfr ny 1090 ih: ivc nvfb jLfPr KF dy iesrfr `qy XUsP-jLulyKF ikWsf ilK ky ievjLfny ivc sWq ivGy jLmIn, GoVf, isrpfE aqy sO rupey nkd ienfm pRfpq kIqf sI.imrjLf-sfihbF nMU pihlF pIlU ny ilWiKaf, iPr Aus qoN corI krky hfiPLjL  brKLudfr ny ilWK idWqf. pIlU dy ikWsy nMU kfpI pyst krn bfad hfsf afAuNdf hY jdoN hfiPLjL brKLurdfr pIlU dI isPq ivWc aKIr `qy ilWKdf hY, Xfro! pIlU nfl brfbrI sLfier BuWl kryin.61] pIlU ny khfxI buxI hoeI sI. ies leI hfiPLjL  brKLurdfr nMU bhuqI Kycl nhIN krnI peI. rIs dI GVIs nklmfr hfiPLjL brKLurdfr GiVaf-GVfieaf ikWsf ijAuN df iqAuN TyT pMjfbI bolI ivcoN qbdIl krky afpxI aFcilk pMjfbI ivc ilWK idMdf hY. hfiPLjL brKLurdfr dI Kyqr bolI qoN ibnF Ausdy ikWsy ivc pIlU dy ikWsy nfloN koeI ivsLysL iBMnqf nhIN hY. Audfrx vjoN hyT ilKIaF pMgqIaF pVHo:-

pIlU:   Gr KIvy dy sfihbF, jMmI mMglvfr.1]

hfiPLjL :       Gr KIvy dy jMmI sfihbF, ijs dI hUrF rsLk krMn.3]

pIlU:  Gr vMJl dy imrjLf, jMimaf krVy vfr.2]

hfiPLjL :       ijs idn imrjf jMimaf, cMdoN cODvI rfq.7]

pIlU:  jy dyvy ipaflf jLihr df, mYN imrjLf lYNdf pI.7]

hfiPLjL :       eyh jLihr ipaflf iesLk df, Br Br pI insLMg.14]

pIlU:  cVHdy imrjLy Kfn nMU, mWqF dyvy mF.4]

hfiPLjL :       cVHdy imrjLy Kfn nMU, agoN mfdr dyvy mWq.26]

pIlU:  rMn dI Kfqr cilaYN, afvyN jfn gvf.4]

hfiPLjL :       jfie ibgfnI nfr nMU, mUrK pfvy hWQ.26]

pIlU:  dyK ky myrI tYr nMU, Jory icWq nf pf.38]   

hfiPLjL :       nIlI vyK nf dublI, JUry jIaf bf qfie.33]

pIlU:  bWkI qoN zrn PirsLqy, mYQoN zry Kudf.39]

hfiPLjL :       imrjLy dI nIlI ktk nI, ijhdf KFDy KOP gnIm.6]

pIlU:  mMdf kIqf sux sfihbF, myrf qrksL tMigaf jMz.

iqMn sO kfnI imrjLy jvfn dI, dyNdf isaflF nMU vMz.

pihlI mfrdf vIr sLmIr dy, dUjI kuWly dy qMg.

qIjI mfrF joV ky, ijhdI hYN qUM mMg. 63]

hfiPLjL :       burf kIqo eI sfihbF myrf qrksL CizXoeI jMz.

myrf jIvn bhuq muhfl hY pr qUM vI hosI rMz.

iek mMdf kIqf sfihbF myrI nIlI CWzI zMg.

qRY sY sWT kfnI mYN qrksLI dyvF sfilaF no vMz. mul lWgdf sI

pihly mfrF Kfn sLmIr nMU dUjy kuWly dy qMg.

qIjy mfrF qfhr Kfn nMU, ijhdI qUM sfeI mMg.

cOQf mfrF qyry bfp nMU kul mukfvF klMk.

pMjvyN mfrF Kfn aWlfh dfd nMU, sutF ibrhoN dI pMz.35]

pIlU:  imrjLf PuWl gulfb df, myrI JolI tuWt ipaf. bMd 33]

hfiPLjL :       jd buWqF dIaF vMzIaF ZyrIaF, mYN imrjLf bYTI sF mMg.5]

pIlU:  AuWTI vy imrijLaf suWiqaf, ikAuN ipaf bVy gumfn.56]

hfiPLjL :       sfihbF nfl hrIP dy suWiqaf, imrjLf mrnoN byprvfh.11]

pIlU:  jy Gr nf sI qyry bfp dy, mMg ilafAuNdoN hor.37]

hfiPLjL :       jy Gr nhIN sfeIN afpxy, qF mMg ilaFdoN hor.31]

ieh dWsxf bhuq hI lfjLmI hY ik pIlU duafrf ricq ikWsf imrjLf-sfihbF krqf dI klm qoN ilKqI rUp ivc sfzy kol AuplvD nhIN hY aqy nf hI sfnMU hIr vfirsL sLfh dy ikWsy vFg sMpUrn rUp ivc imldf hY. jdoN asIN bfkI ikWsfkfrF nMU pVHdy hF qF dyKx nMU imldf hY ik Auh ikWsy dI khfxI nMU QF-QF rok ky afpxI khI geI gWl dI pROVqf krn jF vrqy gey muhfvry aqy alMkfr nfl sMbMDq imsflF aqy byloVIaF ivafiKafvF dy ky kivE vfc rfhIN afpxI ivdvqf JfVn df Xqn krdy hn.lyikn pIlU dy ikWsy ivc khfxI rfktI spIz nfl CVWpy mfr ky cWldI hY qy anykF QfvF AuWqy KWpy hn. ijnHF nMU pfTk afpxI buWDI anusfr pUrf krdf hY.dUjf sbUq sfnMU ikWsy dy aDUry hox df ieh imldf hY ik sfry bMd byqrqIby aqy ieksfr nhIN hn aqy nf hI qol-qukFq mfqrfvF brfbr hn. bMd 59, bMd 57 qoN pihlF cfhIdf sI. gOr PrmfE:-

bMd 57: imrjLy afAuNdf vyiKaf, sfihbF df vIr sLmIr.

qy imrjLy gosLy ivWcoN kWiZaf, krVy nuWky df qIr.

kr ibWsimlfh mfiraf, BONdf vFg BMbIr.

GoVI AuWqoN lfh ilaf, sfihbF df vIr sLmIr.

bMd 59: imrjLy ivWc bVf gumfn sI, iPr sON igaf jMzUry dy pfs.

mYN vl vl vWZ idaFgf sUrmy, dyAUN pUr Kpf.

mYnMU JWt ku TONkf lf lYx dy, suWqy nMU nf jgf.

idn cVHdy nMU clFgy, qYnMU lY clF dfnfbfd.

keI QfeIN do qukIey bMd, iqMn qukIey qy vDyry cfr qukIey hn. ies iksy ivc vWKo-vWKry gfiekfvF vWloN imlfvt hox dI vI pUrI guMjfiesL hY. pr asIN ies nMU pIlU dI smUcI rcnf hI  mMndy hF. sWd (AuWcI avfjL ivWc afpxI gWl kihxI) kfiv rUp ivc hox sdkf ies ikWsy nMU gvMqrI, BMz, BWt, ncfr, mrfsI afid gfieaf krdy sn qy iesy pRkfr ieh mkbUl hoieaf.sWd iksy dI mOq qoN bfad Ausdy jIvn bfry ilWKy jfx nMU vI ikhf jFdf hY.rmfiex ivc rfjf dsLrQ dI mOq qoN bfad aqy mhfBfrq ivc aiBmnXU dI mOq qoN bfad sMsikRq ivc sWd kfiv rUp dy slok imldy hn.gurU amrdfs jI dy joqI joq smfAux bfad BfeI suMdr jI ny rfmklI rfg ivc sWd dI rcnf kIqI, jo guru gRMQ sfihb ivc sMkilq hY.

ikWsf imrjLf-sfihbf ijMnf qy ijs rUp ivc vI aWj sfzy kol hY qF iesdf ishrf PrMgIaF nMU jFdf hY. eIst ieMzIaf kMpnI dy aPsr jOhn lOryNs dy inWjI skWqr rhy sr ircarz tYNpl (Sir Richard Temple, 1st Baronet, FRS, GCSI, CIE, PC 8 March 1826 - 15 March 1902)) ny pMjfb df cIP kimsLnr bxn bfad 1864-65 ivc BWtF-mrfsIaF qoN ieh mOiKk ikWsf sux ky ilWpIbD kIqf sI.

khfxIaF ilWKx vfly kuJ lokF dI Dfrnf rhI hY ik jykr afpxI kQf khfxI `qy sWcf hox df lybl lf idWqf jfvy qF lokF ivc AusnMU pVHx jF suxn dI Auqsukqf duWgxI ho jFdI hY. afpo afpxI rcnf dI mkbUlIaq leI bhuq sfry ilKfrI ieh hWQkMZf apnfAuNdy vI hn. pr myrf inWjI iKafl hY ik sfihq qF sfihq huMdf hY qy AusdI cMgy mfVy dI prK sfihq dI ksvWtI `qy hI kIqI jFdI hY. khfxI dy sWcy hox nfl Aus ivc gux nhIN pYdf ho jFdy qy kflpink hox nfl dosL nhIN afAuNdy. ieh qF ilKx vfly dI pRiqBf, imhnq aqy klf `qy inrBr krdf hY ik Auh afpxI isnP nMU iks bulMdI `qy lY ky jFdf hY. sfzy bhuq sfry pMjfbI dy ivdvfn imrjLf-sfihbF dy ikWsy nMU iek sWcI khfxI mMndy hn. JMg ivc isaflF dy kbIly df vsxf aqy dfnfbfd ivc KrlF df hoxf, ies ikWsy dy sWcy hox df koeI pRmfx nhIN hY. ies leI afpxy aiDaYn dy aDfr `qy mYN ies nMU inrol kflpink ikWsf mMndf hF.ieh arD-klipq vI vI ho skdf hY. hF, ieh jLrUr mMinaf jF skdf hY ik ikWsy ivcly kuJ aMsL vWK-vWK QfvF `qy vfpry hoxgy.myrI jfcy ikWsy df mUlsRoq ihMdusqfn dy sLihnsLfh jlfl-AuWd-dIn akbr (14 akqUbr 1542 - 27 akqUbr 1605) dy rfjkfl smyN GtI iek bhuq hI mkbUl Gtnf qoN ilaf igaf hY. akbr-ey-afjLm ny afpxy sLfsnkfl smyN afpxf nvF mjLhb dIn-ey-ielfhI clfAux df pRIXfs kIqf sI. Ausny afpxy nvyN Drm ivc gYr muslmfnF qoN ilaf jfx vflf jLjIaf(TAX) qy jfnvrF dI eId mOky leI jfx vflI kurbfnI `qy pfbMdI lgfAux vrgy anykF vDIaf kfrj kIqy. ieh gWl vWKrI hY ik kWtVpMQIaF ny dIn-ey-ielfhI nMU cWlx nhIN idWqf.

KYr, purfxy simaF ivc rfjy-mhfrfjy aqy DnfZ ivakqI afpxy jvfn ho rhy muMizaF nMU vysvF dy koiTaF `qy Byijaf krdy sn qF ik AuhnF nMU aOrq nfl gWlbfq aqy ipafr krn df slIkf af jfvy. iesy pRkfr hI iek amIrjLfdf huMdf hY. jo vysvfvF dI sMgq ivc rih ky ies kdr ivgV jFdf hY ik Ausdf ipAu AusnMU Gr ivc hr vyly kYd rWKx df afpxy nOkrF nMU hukm dy idMdf hY.Aus amIrjLfdy ny KuWlH-Kyz dyKI huMdI hY. AusnMU afpxy ipAu dI kYd ivc rihxf bVf aOKf lgdf hY. idn rfq vysvfvF nfl mfxIaF rMg-rlIaF bfry soc-soc kfm Aus aMdr BVkdf rihMdf hY qy ijsdf isWtf ieh huMdf hY ik Ausdy afpxI hI skI BYx nfl sLrIrk sMbMD bx jFdy hn.mfmlf akbr dy drbfr ivc cilaf jFdf hY.mOlvI akbr nMU puWCdf hY ik quhfzy dIn-ey-ielfhI muqfbk ies nMU kI sjLf dyxI cfhIdI hY qF akbr kihMdf hY ik mYN iehnF donF dI sLfdI hor ikDry krvf idaFgf. mOlfxy ieh sux ky BVk AuWTdy hn qy kihMdy hn ik nhIN iehnF df jLurm bhuq sMgIn hY qy iehnF nMU sLrHf muqfbk sKq qoN sKq sjLf idWqI jfxI cfhIdI hY. iehnF dy krm nfl smfj ivc anYiqkqf PYldI hY. jy iehnF nMU bKsL idWqf igaf qF kWlH nMU koeI hor ieho gunfh krygf.

akbr mfmlf mOlfixaF dy hvfly kr idMdf hY. Aus amIrjLfdy aqy AusdI BYx nMU sLryafm avfm dy sfhmxy mOq dy Gft Auqfry jfx df Pqvf dy idMdy hn. lokF dy hjLUm vWloN cursqy ivc iek jMz hyTF Auh donoN BYx Brf toty-toty krky vWZ idWqy jFdy hn. sfry ihMdusqfn ivc ies amIrjLfdy dI Gtnf dMd-kQf bx ky PYl jFdI hY. vrxnXog hY ik imrjLf amIrjLfdy sLbd df hI sMKyp rUp hY.muglF dy rfj smyN ihMdU krmcfrIaF nMU muslmfnF dy aDIn imrjLy dI AupfDI vI idWqI jFdI sI.AupRokq vrixq Gtnf vflIaF sfrIaF gWlF pIlU dy imrjLy ivc vI iblkul Ausy qrHF drjL hn, PLrk isrP aYnf hI hY ik pIlU ikWsy nMU smfj vWloN pRvfinq krn ihWq imrjLf sfihbF nMU Cousins jfxI mfmy BUaf dy muMzf kuVI drsf idMdf hY.muslmfnF ivc ieh irsLqf jLfiej hY, ikAuNik ieslfm df mq hY ik skI mF aqy skI BYx nMU CWz ky dunIaF dIaF bfkI sB aOrqF BogxXog hn.

ies pUrb ibafnI amIrjLfdy vflI Gtnf qoN ieMjx cuWk, Chassis (qlf) imiQhfs aqy ieiqhfs dI lf ky  pIlU ny  Body (ZFcf) hIr dy ikWsy dI iPWt krky afpxy ikWsy dI gWzI iqafr krky roVH leI jfpdI hY.Bfv imrjLf-sfihbF, hIr qoN pyRirq ho ky ilWiKaf igaf hY. ies qWQ dy ikWsy ivc anykF sbUq aqy sMkyq imldy hn, ijvyN ik imrjLf isaflF nMU cWilaf, KyVy sIs invf.16]  KyVy hIr dy sfAury sn.

ijvyN hux sfzy lMzn jF lfhOr dIaF kuVIaF tIsI vflf byr smJIaF jFdIaF hn, AuvyN AuhnF simaF ivc isaflF dIaF kuVIaF husnfk mMnIaF jFdIaF sn.iesy leI rFJy dIaF BrjfeIaF imhxf mfrdIaF hoeIaF kihMdIaF hn:-

sfzf husn psMd n ilafvxf eyN

jf hIr isaflF ivafh ilafvIN

vfh vMJlI pRym dI pf jflI

kfeI nWZI isaflF dI Pfh ilafvIN. (pMnf nO, hIr vfirs sLfh, sMpfdk zf: bKsLIsL isMG inWJr)

pIlU vI afpxI nfiekf nMU isaflF dI kuVI hI nhIN bxfAudf, sgoN hIr vFg sfihbF nMU JMg dI hI bxf idMdf hY. isaflF dIaF kuVIaF dy husn df zMkf iks kdr vWijaf hoieaf sI, ies gWl df aMdfjLf imrjLy dI mF vWloN imrjLy nMU idWqIaF mWqF ivcoN lfieaf jf skdf hY:-

bury isaflF dy mfmly, burI isaflF dI rfh.

burIaF isaflF dIaF aOrqF, lYNdIaF jfdU pf. (bMd cOdF, ikWsf imrjLf-sfihbF, pIlU)

hIr dI nxd df nfm sihqI huMdf hY. ajLIb ieqPfk dyKo imrjLy dI BYx jfxI sfihbF dI nxd df nfm vI sihqI huMdf hY.vfirsL sLfh anusfr hIr rFJf donoN hI KUbsUrq sn. Auh rFJy df suhWpx hIr dy moihq hox nfl ibafn krdf hY:-

sUrq vyKidaF hIr nMU KusLI hoeI,

akl BuWl geI sr grdfn hoeI.

rUp jWt df vyK ky jfg lWDI,

hIr vfr GWqI sdky jfn hoeI. (pMnf nMbr bfeI, hIr -vfirs sLfh, sMpfdk zf: bKsLIsL isMG inWJr)

iPr hIr dI isPq krn lWigaF qF vfirsL sLfh qopy hI qoVH idMdf qy isr qoN pYrF qWk hIr dy hr iek aMg dI qfrIP qsLbIhF dy krdf hY qF ieAuN lWgdf ijvyN Auh hIr df ijsmfnI srvyKx (Medical Examination) jF post mOrtm kr irhf hovy.iesy qrHF hI pIlU vI imrjLy aqy sfihbF dy husn dI vfro-vfrI qfrIP krdf hY:-

1        jnm idWqf mfeI bfp ny, rUp idWqf krqfr,

imrjLf aYsf sUrmf, KrlF df srdfr.2]

2          horF hWQIN brCIaF, imrjLy dI sbjL kmfn.

        Dihny kMnIN afAuNdf myrf, imrjLf sLyr jvfn. bMd 30]

3          cIry vflf Cokrf, bIbo aMdr kOx KVf?

        imrjLf PuWl gulfb df, myrI JolI tuWt ipaf. bMd 33] (ikWsf imrjLf-sfihbF, pIlU)

hIr dI qPsIl ivc isPq krn leI qF vfirsL sLfh kol AusdI pRyimkf BfgBrI jF mWTI nYx vrgy ijAuNdy jfgdy pfqr sn. Auhny AuhnF nMU byprdf krky sfhmxy ibTf ilaf hovygf qy AuhnF dy sLrIr df hfsLIaf bxfky hIr vfly rMg Br idWqy hoxgy. pr pIlU Aunf KusLiksmq nhIN sI sLfied.mjLbUrn AusnMU sfihbF dy husn nMU ibafnx leI hor ivDI apnfAuxI peI. pIlU ny sfihbF dy husn df vrxn kridaF bhuq hI sMkoc aqy sMjm vriqaf hY qy Ausny sfihbF husn dy pRBfv rfhIN AusdI KUbsUrqI nMU Aujfgr kIqf hY qy ies kfrj leI pIlU ny idRsLtFq alMkfr dI vrqoN vI kIqI hY. pIlU sLrqIaf jmFdrU CVf hoxY ikAuNik Auh Ausy pRkfr afpxy aMdfjL aqy njLrIey qoN sfihbF dI suMdrqf nMU icqrn krdf hY:-

1       sfihbF geI qyl nMU, geI psfrI dI hWt.

PV nf jfxy qWkVI, hfV nf jfxy vWt.

qyl Bulfvy BuWlf bfxIaF, bld gvf lY jWt.(bMd pMj, ikWsf imrjLf-sfihbF, pIlU)

2        kWZ klyjf lY geI, Kfn KIvy dI DI.

gjL gjL lMmIaF mINZIaF, rMg jo gorf sI.(bMd sWq, ikWsf imrjLf-sfihbF, pIlU)

kmfl hY jrvfxy vIr sLmIr, cODrI bfp KIvy Kfn aqy krmU bRfhmx vrgy nOkrF dy huMidaF hoieaF pIlU sfihbF nMU qyl lYx qordf hY.bihrhfl, pIlU sfihbF dy husn dy pRBfvF nMU AulIkdf hY, pr pIlU df cylf hfiPLjL brKLurdfr imrjLf ilKx lWigaF sfrIaF ksrF kWZ idMdf hY.vfirs sLfh hIr bfry ibafn krdf hoieaf jo ilKdf hY, AuhI hfiPLjL  brKLurdfr JrIt idMdf hY. Auh vfirsL sLfh dI hIr mUhry rWK ky nkl mfrn lWg jFdf hY. vfirsL sLfh dI sLYlI aqy AupmfvF hUbfhU corI kridaF rIs dI GVIs nklmfr hfiPLjL  ny Borf sLrm nhIN kIqI. nmUnf dyKo:-

Gr KIvy dy jMmI sfihbF, ijsdI hUrF rsLk krMn.

aqy prIaF vyK luV jfdIaF, kY nfrI PKr krMn.

sfihbF rMg mjIT df, ijAuN ijAuN Drq rMgMn.

EhdI CfqI dy do vflIaF, do bWqKF cog cugMn.

Aus df kWd skIm qn, ivc iqRWkl vWt pvMn.

aqy nWk kuMzI df ipplf, jLulPF nfl plmMn.

Bfr jMgl dy pOx aglI, ijQy pdm nf vjMn.

JfVI bIjy aMb jo, jMzoN aMb krMn.

Auh dIaF surK lbF dMd Aujly, ijAuN moqI lfl BKMn.

jF gWl kryNdI hWs ky, muKhuM Pl JVMn.

sfihbF dy iqRKy nYx ktfrIaF, duWsr GfAu krMn.

ijAuN qyjLI sUrj sfhmxy, lftF nYx mcMn.

Eh Pfrg surmy kWjloN, aYmy Kun krMn.

jF jLhr cVIvy jLhr `qy, afsLk ikvyN jIvMn.

Ehdy pWt cMdn dIaF gylIaF, cMgy musLk CzMn.

Aus dI DuMnI quMg sLrfb dI, afsLk Gut pIvMn.

Aus dy sIny qy do zWbIaF afsLk msq krMn.

Aupr BOCn kFZvF, ivc iqlIar cog cugMn. (bMd qIjf, imrjLf-sfihbF, hfiPLjL brKLurdfr)

sfkI afmoH sfmHxy mWQy qy Krl kdIm.

qvMgr sfk qvMgrF, skIm sfk skIm.

sfihbF hfjLq nhIN isLgfr dI, lK sLINgfr krMn.

pr afsLk imsl pqMg dy jl ky Kfk QIvMn.(bMd cOQf, imrjLf-sfihbF, hfiPLjL  brKLurdfr)

DuMnI bihsLq  dy hOjL df musLk kupf, nk alP husYnI df ipplf, CfqI TyT dI AuBrI pt KynMU aqy hUr inklI cMn anvfr dI gfr afidk ieh sB gWlF vfirs sLfh pihlF hI ilWK cuWkf hY.hfiPLjL bs vfirs sLfh dIaF AupmfvF nMU qoV mroV ky pysL krdf hY.hfiPLjL afpxy klfm ivWc Pyr bdl kridaF bhuqF sucyq nhIN huMdf. hfiPLjL ilKdf hY, Ehdy pWt cMdn dIaF gylIaF, cMgy musLk CzMn.4]  mYnMU smJ nhIN lgdI ik Auh sfihbF dI qfrIP kr irhf hY jF byieWjLqI.KusLbU aqy musLk ivcfly aMqr bfry AusnMU igafn hI nhIN?

hIr aqy imrjLf, donF ikWisaF ivc iek hor smfnqf ieh hY ik nfiekf afpy ipafr leI KLqrf bxn vfly mrd nMU guWsy ivc af ky DmkfAuNdI hY. jdoN kYdoN Bys vtf ky Cfpf mfrdf hY qy hIr dI cUrI brfmd kr lYNdf hY qF hIr dbkf mfrdI hY:-

hIr Zfh ky afiKaf mIaF cfcf,

cUrI dyh jy jIvxf loVnf ey.

nhIN qF mfrky ijMd gvf dysF,

mYnMU iksy n htkxf hoVnf ey.

bMnH hWQ qy pYr ltkf dysF,

mYnMU iksy n rokxf moVnf ey.(pMnf nMbr pYNqI, hIr -vfirs sLfh, sMpfdk zf: bKsLIsL isMG inWJr)

jdoN krmU bfhmx sfihbF nMU imrjLy nMU CWzx bfry nyk slfh idMdf hY qF sfihbF grjLdI hY:-

aWgoN sfihbF boldI, qyry mMUh dy ivc suafh.

mfrF cpyV qyry gjLb dI, idaF akl gvf.

Kbr ho jfey myry bfp nMU, qYnMU sLihroN dyie AujfV.

jy Kbr rho jfey vIr sLmIr nMU, qYnMU krih mfr.

jy Kb rho jfey ipMz dy muMizaF, krn ZImF dI mfr.(bMd nONvF, ikWsf imrjLf-sfihbF, pIlU)

ikWsfkfrF anusfr donF pRymIaF dy iesLk df Byq sfry jWg ivc jLfhr huMdf hY:-

afm gWl jhfn `qy nsLr hoeI,

hIr rFJy nfl vMfpVI ey. (pMnf nMbr pYNqI, hIr -vfirs sLfh, sMpfdk zf: bKsLIsL isMG inWJr)

hYrq dI gWl qF ieh hY ik sfry jhfn nMU qF pqf huMdf hY lyikn KIvy Kfn qy sLmIr ies qoN byKbr huMdy hn.

ivc msIq dy lWgIaF jfxy kul jhfn. (bMd qIjf, ikWsf imrjLf-sfihbF, pIlU)

ies pRkfr hor bhuq sfrIaF gWlF donF ikWisaF ivc sFJIaF hn.pIlU dI rcnf AuWqy vfirs sLfh dy pey isWDy aqy spsLt pRBfv qoN munkr nhIN hoieaf jf skdf.

sfzf purfqn sfihq ijLafdfqr aqkQnIaF BrpUr hY. hIr dy ikWsy ivc vfirs sLfh ny hIr dIaF sWT aqy dmodr iqMn sO sWT shylIaF dWsIaF hn, jo hjLm krnf kiTn jfpdf hY.iesy qrHF pIlU ny vI imrjLy dy BWQy ivc iqMn sO qIr dWsy hn, jo asMBv hY. iqMn sO kfnI imrjLy jvfn dI, dyNdf isaflF nMU vMz. 63.  BilE mfnso! 300 qIrF vflf koeI BWQf nhIN huMdf. gWp mfrn dI vI koeI sImf huMdI hY. hfiPLjL brKLurdfr ny afpxy krYizt kfrz nfl qIrF dy pYsy nhIN dyxy sn, ies leI Auh iqMn sO ivc sWT hor joV ky ilWKdf hY, qRY sY sWT kfnI mYN qrksLI dyvF sfilaF no vMz. 35]

mjUrI lY leIN afpxI, ikWlIaF dyeIN hjLfr.(bMd pYNqI, ikWsf imrjLf-sfihbF, pIlU)

sfihbF dy bfp dI hvylI AuWqy cVHn leI imrjLf jfm luhfr qoN hjLfr ikWlIaF bxvfAuNdf hY. jy imrjLf ieWk PuWt dy Pfsly nfl vI ieWk ikWlI gWzdf hY qF AucfeI GWtoGWt bfrF sO PuWt bxdI hY. ies df mqlv KIvy Kfn dI hvylI nf hoeI, Auh qF ieMmpfier styt iblizMg hI ho geI.imrjf jWt nhIN imsqrIaF df jF mocIaF df muMzf hoxY, ijsnMU myKf Tok ky Ausdf cMgf aiBafs hoieaf hoxY.jWtF dy muMzy aWKF mIc ky isafV isWDy kWZ skdy hn, pr aWKF KolLH ky vI hjLfr ikWlIaF isWDIaF nhIN gWz skdy. hYrqaMgyjL pWK hY ik jdoN imrjLf hjLfr ikWlIaF gWz irhf hovygf qF kI AuhnF df KVHkf nhIN hoieaf hovygf?

sfihbF dy jnm vyly pIlU KIvy Kfn nMU vDfeIaF dvfAuNdf hY qy jsLn mnfey jfx df ijLkr krdf hY,

zUm sohly gfvMdy, Kfn KIvy dy bfr.

rWj duafeIN idWqIaF, sohxy pirvfr.1]

pqf nhIN ikAuN ieh gWl myry hlk ivWc AuqrdI nhIN.muMizaF dy huMidaF KIvf Kfn kuVI dy jnm `qy kI ies leI KusLI mnfAuNdf hY ik vWzI ho ky Auh cMd cfVHygI? Auh vI Aus smyN jdoN kuVIaF nMU jnm AuprMq lok ijAuNidaF DrqI ivWc dWb idMdy sn. jy KIvf Kfn ijLafdf hI agFh-vDU iKaflF df sI qF sfihbF dy pRym ivafh `qy vI AusnMU ieqrfjL nhIN sI hoxf cfhIdf.

iqMn sY nFgf ipV irhf, ho gey cOV cupWt. (bMd pMjvF, ikWsf imrjLf-sfihbF, pIlU) ieh socx leI mjLbUr hoxf pYNdf hY ik JMg Aus smyN ikWzf ku vWzf sLihr jF ipMz hovygf. ijQoN df iqMn sO nFgf avfrfgrdI krdI iPrdI sfihbf cOV cpWt kr idMdI hY.

pIlU dy ikWsy ivc keI QfeIN ivruWDfBfs vI hY.

Gr imrjLy hor iesqrI suxINdI burI blf. 8]

aqy

kfj ivhuxf mYN iPrF, mYnMU kI iksy dy kfjF nfl..13]

ieh gWl spsLt nhIN huMdI ik imrjLf ivafihaf sI jF kuafrf.agr krmU bfhmx JUT boldf hY qF AusdI qsdIk leI vI koeI vyrvf nhIN hY. crnjIq isMG gumtflf aqy hor keI lyKk ieWk dUjy dI nkl mfr ky ilWKI jFdy hn ik krmU ny sfihbF kol JUT boilaf sI. ieh gWl iblkul mMnxXog nhIN hY. imrjLf, sfihbF df mihbUb hI nhIN irsLqydfr vI huMdf hY qy Auh bcpn qoN Aus nMU jfxdI hY. iPr krmU dy JUT bolx df suafl hI pYdf nhIN huMdf. imrjLy dy mYirtl styts vrgI mhWqvpUrn jfxkfrI qoN sfihbF ikvyN vFJI rih geI hovygI?

hr kfrj rWb df nfm lY ky krn vflf imrjLf iekdm rWb dI hoNd qoN munkr vI ho jFdf hY:-

1                    imrjLf pVHy kurfn.bMd 3]

2                    imrjLy ikWlIaF gWzIaF pMjy pIr mnf. bMd 36]

3                    qy imrjLy ny gosLy ivWcoN kWiZaf, krVy nuWky df qIr.

kr ibsimWlfh mfiraf, BONdf vFg BMbIr. bMd 57.

ies qoN AuprMq pIlU imrjLy dI sLKsIaq ivc afey pRIvrqn nMU drsfAux leI afsiqk qoN imrjLy dI nfsiqk soc bxfAuNdf hoieaf pIlU imrjLy dy mMUhoN kZvfAuNdf hY:-

          bWkI qoN zrn PirsLqy, mYQoN zry Kudf. bMd 39]

kuJ lokF dy mn ivc ieh vihm huMdf hY ik jy JUT nMU sWc sfibq krnf hY qF Aus nUM cuWkI rWKx leI kuJ XQfrQk Qmly KVHy kr dyvo. ieMJ hI sfzy ikWsfkfr mnGVq khfxIaF nMU aslIaq ivc vfprIaF sfibq krn leI anykF pRsMg Aus nfl joVn dy afdI rhy hn. ikWsf imrjLf sfihbF ivc vI anykF ies pRkfr dy hvfly afAuNdy hn. imsfl dy qOr `qy kRmvfr bMd iek qy do dIaF sqrF:-

Gr KIvy Kfn dy sfihbF, jMmI mMglvfr. (bMd pihlf, ikWsf imrjLf-sfihbF, pIlU)

Gr vMJl dy imrjLf, jMimaf krVyvfr. (bMd dUjf, ikWsf imrjLf-sfihbF, pIlU)

pIlU AuhnF dy jnmidn bfry ieAuN dfvy nfl ilKdf hY, ijvyN ik Ausny imrjLF sfihbF dy jnm snd (Birth Certificate) dyKy huMdy hn.pIlU anusfr iek pfsy sfihbF jMmdI hY qy dUjy pfsy imrjLF qy Auh donoN hmAumr hn qy iekWTy jvfn hox lWgdy hn. lyikn aWgy jf ky qIjy bMd ivc vrxn afAuNdf hY, sfihbF pVHy pWtIaF, imrjLf pVHy kurfn.

agr sfihbF ajy pWtIaF(Alphabets) hI pVH rhI hY qF Aus smyN dy ihsfb nfl AusdI Aumr GWt qoN GWt pMj Cy sfl hovygI, imrjLf kurfn pVHn lWg ipaf hY qF AusdI Aumr qkrIbn pMdrF solHF sfl hoxI cfhIdI hY.ies ihsfb nfl AuhnF dI Aumr ivc ds bfrHF sfl df vkPf bxdf hY.ikWsy dy aTvyN bMd ivc ies gWl df hor sbUq vI imldf hY, jdoN krmU sfihbF nMU kihMdf hY:-

Gr imrjLy dy hor iesqrI, suxINdI burI blf. (bMd aTvF, ikWsf imrjLf-sfihbF, pIlU)

pihly jLmfinaF ivc lok muMzy dy ivafh dy mfmly ivc qF iZWlmT vrq jfieaf krdy sn, lyikn kuVI ivafhux leI avylsy kdy nhIN huMdy sn.imrjLf sLfdIsLudf huMdf hY qy sfihbF kuafrI huMdI hY, jo ik AuhnF ivckfr Aumr dy pfVy dI pRoVqf krdf hY.

nf mfr kfjLI CmkF, nf dy qWqI nMU qfie.

pVHnf sfzf rih igaf, lY afey iesLk ilKfie. (bMd cOQf, ikWsf imrjLf-sfihbF, pIlU)

imrjf aYsf sUrmf, KrlF df srdfr.2.

pMjfbI ikWsf kfiv aqy duKFq prMprf pusqk dy pMnf 121 `qy ibkrm isMG GuMMmx ilWKdf hY, imrjLf sfihbF df ikWsf iesLkIaf ikWsf hY. iesLk dI pRikRqI ivWc hI duKFq df qWq smfieaf hoieaf hY. iesLk dy kosLgq arQ hn: muhWbq, AulPq, cfihq, iksy cIjL dI KLfihsL krnf jF iksy vsqU nfl hWdoN vWD ipafr hoxf. ihkmq jF iqWb ivWc ieh ieWk iksm df rog hY, ijsnMU jnMUn jF pfglpn vI kihMdy hn, ijhVf iksy suMdr sUrq nMU vyKx nfl pYdf huMdf hY. arQfq iksy husIn sLYa nMU dyK ky sLudfeI ho jfx nMU iesLk kihMdy hn. iesLk sLbd nMU iesLkf ivcoN inkilaf vI dWisaf jFdf hY., jo ieWk bUtI df nfm hY, ijs nMU lblfb jF amrvyl vI kihMdy hn. jd Auh bUtI iksy ruWK nfl cMbVdI jF ilptdI hY qF Aus nMU sukf dyNdI hY. ieho hflq iesLk dI hY. ieh ijs idl `qy Cf jFdf hY, Ausdy mflk nMU sukf dyNdf hY qy Aus nMU pIlf kr idMdf hY.

pIlU anusfr imrjLf sfihbf df iesLk mdrsy qoN bhuq inafxI Aumr ivc hI sLurU ho jFdf hY.aYnI CotI Aumr ivc iesLk dy jjLby bfry kI pqf huMdf hY. hF, Auh mihjL aWlV Aumr df afkrsLx (Teenage Crush) jLrUr ho skdf hY.

imrjLf sfihbF dy ikWsy dI khfxI aYnI bdiksmq hY ik ies ivc klmkfr qoN lY ky sfry pfqrF nfl byieMnsfPI huMdI hY. pIlU df ikWsf aDUrf aqy ilWKqI rUp ivc sFiBaf nf jfxf, pIlU nfl byieMnsfPI krdf hY. imrjLf dI kurbfnI ajLfeI jFdI hY. Auh sfihbF df sfQ pRfpq krn leI sB irsLqy-nfqy qoVH ky afAuNdf hY qy afpxy afpxy mksd ivc Kfs kfmXfbI hfisl nhIN krdf. aYnf qrdWd krn bfad vI sfihbF nMU rWj ky mfnx qoN pihlF hI Auh mr jFdf hY. ieWQy imrjLy nfl iensfP nhIN huMdf. sfihbF dI hflq imrjLy nfl AuDlx bfad DobI dy kuWqy vflI huMdI hY. Auh nf Gr dI rihMdI hY nf Gft dI. bWkI sfihbF dI PrfrI dI sLqrMj df mihm mohrf huMdI hY qy bVyH cfvF nfl imrjLy df sihXog idMdI hY. ikMqU bWkI, sfihbF qoN afpxI byieWjLqI krvf lYNdI hY. imrjLy nMU imhxy idMdI sfihbF bWkI bfry apsLbdfvlI vrq ky bWkI nMU kfvF KfDI kMgroV tYrkI afK kWcy lfh ky rWK idMdI hY.bWkI ds mihMeIaF df duWD iGAu cfrn vfly afpxy sLfhsvfr qoN ivCV jFdI hY.jMz nMU dfnI aqy dyvqy dy rUp ivWc dyiKaf jFdf hY. mnokfmnfvF pUrIaF krn aqy dfqF dyx vflf jMz imrjLy dI jfn lYx df csLmdId gvfh bx jFdf hY. jMz imrjLf aqy sfihbF dy muhWbq nMU pRfpq krn dy mMqv ivc asPl nhIN hox idMdf. jy jMz nfl huMdf qF sLfied imrjLf nf ruWkdf qy ikWsy df klfiemYks kuJ hor huMdf.sfihbF dy pirvfr dy smfijk ruqby nMU BfrI sWt lgdI hY. sfihbF dI iek glqI nfl isaflF dIaF sB pIVHIaF AuWqy klMk lWg jFdf hY. imrjLy dy mfpy afpxf lfl gvf bYTdy hn.

pIlU dy ikWsy ivc kIqIaF itWpxIaF qoN anykF QfvF `qy aOrq ivruWDI sur vI AuBrdI hY, jo ikWsy ivWc ikWsfkfr dy inWjI qjLrby aqy svY-sLmUlIaq dI insLfndyhI krdI hY. imsfl vjoN,

BWT rMnf dI dosqI, KurIN ijMnF dI mWq.18]

afm qOr `qy pRIq ikWisaF ivc nfiekf nfiekf iek dUjy dy ipafr ivc jLmfny nfl lVHdy hoey afpxI jfn dy idMdy hn. pr imrjLf sfihbF ieko iek aijhf ikWsf hY, ijs ivc pRymI dI mOq df ieljLfm pRymIkf isr jFdf hY.vYsy sfihbF Auny dI hWkdfr nhIN ijWzy ieljLfm dI pMz Aus dy isr Dr idWqI jFdI hY. ksUr imrjLy df sI. iek trFsport mfVf lY afieaf. dUjf kohVI lfl dusLflf qfx ky sON jFdf hY. sfihbF qF ijMny jogI sI Ausny kIqf.Auh nf isrP imrjLy nfl BWjdI hY. blik imrjLy nMU Ausny sunyhf vI Byijaf ik jdoN cMDV ivafh ky lY gey qF bWkI dIaF pUC PVH ky cFgf mfryNgf. hux vkq hY af jfh. ies kMm leI Auh krmU nMU ienfmF df lflc vI idMdI hY,

qUM sux krmUM bfhmxF, kdI nf afieEN kfm.

GoVI idaF qyry cVHn nMU kfTI sxy lgfm.

hWQ dIaF dy idaF cUVIaF, sonF krdI dfn.

JotI idaF duWD pIx nMU, hl dI ijLmIN ienfm.

jb lWg jIvy sfihbF, rWKy qyrf aihsfn.7]

iesLk dy mfmly ivc pYNdI AuDfly vrgI aihm muihMm vyly jdoN jfn nMU KLqrf hovy AudoN qF murdy vI kbrF ivcoN AuWT ky BWj lYNdy hn qy imrjLy nMU nINd cVHI hoeI sI. Auh lMMmIaF qfx ky suWqf rihMdf hY. sfihbF qF sgoN AusnMU jgfAuNdI rhI, jMz dy hyT jWtF! sON rihEN, AuT, surq sMBfl.bMd 43]

aqy

AuTIN imrijLaf suWiqaf, KWby afey asvfr.

hWQIN qygF rMglIaF, krdy mfro mfr.

myry bfbl vrgIaF GoVIaF, vIr myry asvfr. bMd 46]

pIlU ny afpxy ikWsy ivc imrjLy dI mOq qoN bfad sfihbF nfl kI vfpiraf nhIN iliKaf.ies leI ieh ikWsf aOrq mrd sMbMDF dIaF anykF prqf KolHdf hY, ijnHF nMU ivcfrn leI mjLbUrn sfnMU mnuWKI mnoivigafn dy idRsLtIkox qoN dyKxf pYNdf hY.ieAuN ieh aOrq mrd sMbMDF dI inXmfvlI `qy aDfirq ikWsf bx jFdf hY, ijsdf dfrmdfr sYks sMbMDF aqy Aus AuprMq inklx vfly isWitaF `qy Jfq mrvfAuNdf hY.ieh pfqrF dy sLrIrk, mfnisk aqy mfnvI sMbMDF nMU KWt vFg iKlfr ky sfzy mUhry rWK idMdf hY.

hfiPLjL sfihbF qoN rfvI ivc Cfl mrvf idMdf hY, Xfro lgI aWg buJfAuxI, sfihbF rfvI mWlI jfx. 40. kuJ lyKkF ny ilWiKaf hY ik sfihbF sLmIr df KMjr Koh ky afpxy afp KoB lYNdI hY. kuJ ny ilWiKaf hY ik imrjLy dy nfl hI sfihbF nMU vI mfr idWqf igaf sI, vgYrfvgYrf.

bihrhfl, iek gWl qF pWkI hY ik cMDVF qy isaflF ny jdoN imrjLy nMU vWiZaf hoAU, sfihbF nMU ikvyN CWizaf hoAU?

pIlU duafrf sfihbF dI pYdfiesL df idhfVf mMglvfr dWisaf igaf hY qy jy ies nMU sWc mMn ky cWlIey qF mMglvfr nMU pYdf hox vfly ivakqIaF dy lWCxF bfry ijLkr krdf hoieaf rxDIr isMG bydI BfrqIX joiqsL pusqk dy pMnf nMbr 9 aqy 10 `qy ilKdf hY, mMglvfr df mflk gRih mMgl hY. ieh agnI gRih hY. aWg aqy grmI dI pRqIinDqf krdf hY. ieh jlfd vI hY qy sYnfpqI vI hY. mMglvfr nMU pYdf hox vfly ivakqIaF dy sMbMD bxdy ivgVdy rihMdy hn. inWkI inWkI gWl AuWqy iehnF nMU guWsf afAux lWgdf hY qy aksr lVfeI JgiVaF ivc Psy rihMdy hn.iehnF dI afpxy mfipaF aqy BrfvF nfl nhIN bxdI. aijhy lok smfj dy glq lokF nMU imlx vfly huMdy hn, Bfv burI sMgq ivc bYTx lWgdy hn qy keI vfr sMgq dy bury asr nMU kbUl vI kr lYNdy hn. vYsy burI sMgq dy myl nfl ieh afpxy aMdr iek KusLI vI mihsUs krdy hn. iehnF qoN nykI bdI dI afs rWKxf PjLUl hY.iehnF dI iek KUbI ieh avWsL hY ik ieh afpxy imWqrF leI jfn vI kurbfn kr skdy hn aqy AuhnF leI vWzy qoN vWzf Kqrf vI muWl lY lYNdy hn. pr aWKV qbIaq krky Kqrf bixaf rihMdf hY ik pqf nhIN iks smyN afpxy nyVy dy imWqr nfl vI ivgfV pYdf kr lYx. keI vfr mfmUlI ijhI gWl `qy imWqr dy vYrI bx jFdy hn. jy kuMzlI ivc asLuWB gRih asr aMdfjL ho rhy hovx aqy lgn AuWpr vI sLuB asr nf hovy qF mOq CyqI jF juafnI ivc ho jFdI hY.

JMg qoN sfihbF nMU lY ky Prfr hoieaf imrjLf jMz hyT sON jFdf hY.asl ivc ieQoN hI sfihbF dy ikrdfr df AuBfr huMdf hY.ieh bhu-prqI siQqI Auqpn ho jFdI hY qy bhu-sLfKeI AulJxF df sfihbF nMU sfhmxf krnf pYNdf hY.Aus smyN sfihbF dy mfnisk dvMd dI nbjL PVHn leI mYN sfihbF nMU iqMn vWK-vWKry rUpF ivc dyKdf hF. iek mfsUm kuVI sfihbF, dUjI pRymkuTI muitafr sfihbF aqy qIjI ivlfsI aOrq sfihbF.iehI vjHf hY ik mYnMU imrjLy dI mOq leI sfihbF dI ijLMmyvfrI dy iqMn kfrn idKfeI idMdy hn:-

         mfsUm kuVI:

JMg dy hfkm KIvf Kfn dI DI, jo bhuq vWzI hvylI ivc rihMdI hY. Ausdf bfp kcihrI lfAuNdf hY.Brf sLmIr df ielfky ivc asr rsUK aqy dihsLq hY. bcpn ivc imrjLy nfl mMgI hox krky Ausdy iKaflF ivc imrjLf visaf hoieaf hY. KrlF nfloN mMgxI qoVH ky Ausdf irsLqf cMDVF dy kr idWqf jFdf hY. mUMh bolI BUaf bIbo dy cuWk-QWl krn kfrn Auh bihkfvy ivc af jFdI hY qy imrjLy nfl GroN BWj jFdI hY.qWqyGfh ley hoey PYsly bfry Auh TMzy idmfg nfl socdI hY qy AusnMU aWgy jf ipWCy koeI ZoeI imldI njLr nhIN afAuNdI. sfihbF afpxy afp nMU gMBIr siQqI dy cWkrivAU, ijsnMU aMgryjLI ivWc asIN Catch 22 Situation afKdy hF, ivWc iGiraf mihsUsdI hY.ajLIb ivzMbnf imrjLy, sfihbF, sfihbF dy mMgyqr, imrjLy dy mfpy aqy sfihbF dy pirvfr, pMjF leI huMdI hY. ikMqU sB qoN vWD qRfsidk siQqI aqy icMqfjnk hflq sfihbF dI bxdI hY.mfipaF df drvfjLf Auh Zoh ky af cuWkI huMdI hY qy sfhuiraF df Aus leI ajy KuWilHaf nhIN huMdf. ies jilt smWisaf nfl jUJdI hoeI Auh imrjLy nMU jgfAuNdI hY. Brf mry jF pRymI, donF sUrq ivc sfihbF sog dI BfgIdfr bxdI hY. sMBv hY ik sfihbF aMdr BrfvF df moh vI jfigaf hovy. lyikn sfihbF vI ieh jfxdI huMdI hY ik aMmf jfey Brf hux Ausdy dusLmx aqy KUn dy ipafsy hn. ies ksLmksL ivc Auh imrjLy nfl hoxI df isLkfr ho jFdI hY.

hoxI imrjLy `qy kuWd peI, rlI isaflF dy nfl.60]

         pRymkuTI muitafr:

husIn muitafrF dI ieh Kslq huMdI hY ik jdoN hr koeI AuhnF `qy afisLk hoieaf hovy qF AuhnF df idl iksy iek `qy af ky atkxf huMdf hY. ieh hkIkI gWl hY ik jdoN sohxIaF nfrF izWgx `qy afAux qF imWg 22 jhfjL vFg ksUqy QF `qy jf ky hI izWgdIaF hn.iehI hfl sfihbF df vI hoieaf hY. imrjLy dy iesLk ivc igRPqfr sfihbF afpxy ipafr dI pRfpq dI KfihsL idl ivc lY ky imrjLy nfl af jFdI hY. jMz hyT imrjLf sfihbF kol ieMkfsfP krdf hY ik Aus ny kyvl isaflF qy cMDVF dIaF DOxF JukfAux leI sfihbF nMU AuDfilaf hY.

aWCI krn afpxy nWk nMU, nhIN KrlF nMU afAU hfr. 13.

sfihbF afeIN nf CWz ky, isr nf rhU sfzI pWq.18.

ivafhI hovy CWz dyvF, mMg nf CWzI jf.

jy kr mMg mYN CWz dyvF, lWgy KrlF nMU lfj. 21. (ikWsf imrjLf-sfihbF, pIlU)

ieh sux ky sfihbF nMU afpxI glqI df aihsfs huMdf hY qy pRym df jLjbf vl Kfh ny nPLrq ivc bdl jFdf hY. AusnMU imrjLy ny hiQafr bxf ky vriqaf hY qy ies ielm dy huMidaF hI sfihbF df mn imrjLy pRqI ihkfrq nfl Br jFdf hY. sfihbF sONdI nhIN bilk jfxbuWJ ky jfgdI rihMdI hY. guWsy ivc imrjLy dIaF kfnHIaF qoVH idMdI hY qy Ausdf qrksL jMz `qy tMg idMdI hY.ies pRkfr afpxI ipafr ivWc hoeI isLksq nMU Auh imrjLy qoN bdlf lY ky ijWq ivc qbdIl krnf locdI hY.sfihbF dy idl ivc afAuNdf hY ik mYN qF mrnf hI hY, ikAuN nf qYnMU (imrjLf) vI nfl lY ky mrF.

         ivlfsI aOrq:

sfzy sLfsLqrF ny aOrqF dIaF pMj iksmF imQIaF hn, dyvI, apsrf, pdmnI, lksLmI aqy kfimnI.iehnF ivcoN sB qoN Kqrnfk iksm dI aOrq nMU kfimnI ikhf jFdf hY.kfmfsUqr ivc ilWiKaf hY, aijhI iksm dIaF nfrF XOn suWK leI qVPdIaF hn. Auh suMdr, cflfk, cflbfjL, PrybI aqy idl dIaF kflIaF huMdIaF hn.

aksr ieh kfimnI iksm mrd dI qbfhI aqy mOq df kfrn vI bxdIaF hn. iehnF dy DWky bMdf cVH jfvy qF iek vfr qF ieh biTMzy vflf iklHf idKf idMdIaF hn.pulsIaF vrgI iehnF dI dosqI vI mfVI qy dusLmxI vI mfVI sfibq huMdI hY.

kok sLfsLqr anusfr, aijhIaF aOrqF qyjLfbI iesLk krdIaF hn.lfvy dy klkl vgdy diraf vrgf iehnF df mn kdoN ikDr muV jfvy, ies df koeI pqf nhIN lgdf.

pIlU sfihbF nMU suMdr aqy PYsLnpRsq muitafr vjoN pRsqUq krn leI ilKdf hY, gjL gjL lMmIaF mIZIaF, rMg jo gorf sI.bMd 7. aqy jdoN imrjLF sfihbF nMU bFhoN PVHdf hY qF Aus qoN bFh CuzfAuNdI hoeI sfihbF kihMdI hY,

nf PV bFhINaF GuWt ky, vMgF jFdIaF tuWt.

kWlH cIr cVHfeIaF, pihn nf dyKIaF rWj.bMd 33.

sfihbF iek sLONkInx muitafr hY, ijs dy husn dy muMzy-KuMzy hI nhIN buVyH-Tyry vI afsLk hn. ieQoN qWk ik sfihbf df nOkr krmU bfhmx vI, jo ik Ausdy dfdy dI Aumr df hY. jdoN sfihbF imrjLy nMU afpxy sfhy df sunyhf dyx leI krmU nMU ByjdI hY qF krmU sfihbF `qy afpxI trfeI mfrn lWg pYNdf hY qy sfihbF nMU afKdf hY,

aWgoN krmMU boldf, sWcI idaF suxf.

cflHI kohF df pYNzf hY, kOx jf.

Gr imrjLy dy hor iesqrI, suxINdI burI blf.

sLOkx AuWqy sOkx pey, lYvy aWD vMzf.

CWz dy purfxI jWt dI dosqI, nvIN krmUM vWl lf.

Gr ivc lf lY dosqI, bih ky iesLk kmf.bMd 8.

krmU sfihbF dy iesLk df rfjgfr huMdf hY qy imrjLy qWk Auhdf sunyhf vI lY ky jFdf hY. iehdf mqlv sfihbF afpxI bfp dI Aumr dy afpxy nOkr nfl kfPI KuWlHI hoeI hovygI.ieh gWl ieh isWD krdI hY ik sfihbF KfsIaF ivlfsI rUcIaF dI rhI hovygI.

JMg qoN bfhr af ky imrjLy nMU Kqrf tWlH igaf lWgdf hY. Auh sfihbF nUM kWZ ilafAux dI KusLIN ivc KIvf hoieaf huMdf hY. GoVy `qy jFidaF donF dy sLrIrF ivc GYsr huMdI hY qy ijsdy PlsUrp Auqyjnf pYdf ho jFdI hY. hlikaf hoieaf imrjLf surWiKaq QF dyK ky jMz hyT ruWkdf hY. hoCypn ivWc jMz hyT sfihbF aqy imrjLy dy ijLsmfnI sMbMD bxdy hn. imrjLy aMdr sfihbF df rUp hMzfAux dI qIbr ieWCf aqy bysbrfpn huMdf hY.crmsImf `qy phuMicaF imrjLy dI hvs df pfrf ijs rPqfr nfl AuWpr cVHdf hY, Ausy gqI nfl hyTF vI af jFdf hY.imrjLy dI afqmsMqusLtI CyqI ho jFdI hY.sLIGr pqn AuprMq sfihbF nMU Bog ky imrjLf afpxI ipafs buJf ky srUr ivc mKmUr ho suWK dI nINd sON jFdf hY. sfihbF dIaF imrjLy qoN ijLafdf sMBfvnfvF huMdIaF hn. imrjLf sfihbF nMU sMqusLt krn ivc asPl rihMdf hY qy aiqRpq sfihbF dy mn aMdr bixaf imrjLy dI mrdfngI df ibMb tuWt ky Zih ZyrI ho jFdf hY.qIr clfAuxf hor ividaf hY qy iesqrI nMU syj suWK pRdfn krnf hor klf hY.XuWD ivWidaf ivc muhfrq aqy kfrjLkusLlqf inroey aOrq mrd dy ijxsI sMbDF dI sPlqf dI kUMjI nhIN hY.

sihvfs mOky agr mrd aOrq nMU Tfr dyvy qF Auh hor vI ajLIj ho jFdf hY qy jy aOrq nMU iqRpq nf kr sky qF aOrq nMU Aus mrd nfl nPLrq koPq ho jFdI hY. mrd Ausdy idloN lih jFdf hY.kfm dI aWg ivc sVdI sfihbF qrksL jMz `qy tMgdI hY qy guWsy ivc kfnIaF qoVHdI hY. ieh imrjLy dy hiQafr Aus nMU afpxIaF sOkxF pRqIq huMdy hn. Auh imrjLy nMU afpxI BuWK imtfAux dy mksd nfl AuTfAuNdI hY. pr imrjLf lfl dusLflf leI mry kuWqy vFg inZfl hoieaf ipaf rihMdf hY,

muWTIaF Br jgfAuNdI Xfr nMU, jfgIey rWb dy nF.

Dur nf apVI rMn sfihbF, myrI ivcfilEN tuWtI lF.

jy nf sI qoV inBfAuNxI, qyrI kfhnMU pkVI bFh.

bcfa kryNdy afisLkf, nf aWgy imlxf qYnMU QF.47]  

sfihbF imrjLy dI inpuMnskqf bfry socdI hY ik ikWQy miraf sWp gl pf ilaf hY, iehdy qoN KihVf CuzfvF!

isaflF aqy cMDVF nfl hoeI JVp ivc imrjLf mfiraf jFdf hY.ies AuprMq XkIkn sfihbF dI vI durgqI hoeI hovygI, ikAuNik Ausdy rosLn musqkibl dI qF koeI sMBfvnf hI nhIN rihMdI.ikWsy nMU ies pihlU qoN dyKIey qF imrjLf nfmrd aqy sfihbF bdclx isWD huMdI hY.vYsy sfAU qF iksy njLrIey nfl vI nhIN idKfeI idMdI!

ikWsy df cWj nfl mulFkx nf kiraf hox krky lyKkF vWloN pRcfrI jFdI gWl ik sfihbF nMU BrfvF df moh af igaf sI inrafDfr hY qy bhuq vfsqivk nhIN BfsdI. jykr sfihbF dy idl ivc BrfvF jF mfipaF df aYnf hI hyj huMdf qF Ausny GroN hI nhIN sI BWjxf. dUjI gWl jykr ieh Gtnf sfihbF dy GroN BWjx qoN bfad kuJ dyr df vkPf pY ky vfprdI qF sfihbF df ihrdf pRIvrqx sMBv sI qy ieh dlIl mMnI vI jf skdI sI. pr iek pl Auh GroN BjdI hY qy dUjy pl Jtky nfl Ausdy ivcfr ikvyN bdl skdy hn? iek pl imrjLy nfl inklx bfad agly pl sfihbF dI soc df plVf BrfvF vWl Aulrdf XQfrQk nhIN jfpdf.iksy vI iensfn dy idmfg ivc ikMnI vI AuQl-puQl ikAuN nf ho rhI hovy, AusdI soc ivc aYnI CyqI qbdIlI nhIN afAuNdI. ivcfr bdlx nMU smF lWgdf hY.

bcpn qoN qsvIrF dyKdf afieaf hF. imrjLf sfihbF dy pWt df isrhfxf lfeI jMz hyT ipaf hY qy kol bWkI KVHI hY. ies leI jdoN vI imrjLy bfry socdf hF qF afp muhfry aWKF mUhry jMz vflf sIn af jFdf hY. jMz hyT vfpry sfky dy adBuq njLfry dI idRsLksLI pIlU ieAuN krdf hY:-

cMDV isafl cVH pey, rfhIN GWq vhIr.

POjF Gyrf GWiqaf, krky bVI qdbIr.

kV kV clx golIaF, imrjLy nMU pYNdy qIr.

Auh suWqf nhIN jfgdf, kfiem nhIN huMdf srIr. bMd 55.

mhfBfrq dy XuWD ivc krn aqy Ausdy nON puWqF coN aWT puWqrF nMU ikRsLn aqy pFzv Cl-kpt nfl mfrdy hn.krn dy kuMzl aqy kvc Aus qoN vWK kr idWqy jFdy hn. iesy cIjL nMU pIlU duhrfAuNdf hoieaf sfihbF qoN qrksL jMz `qy tMgvfAuNdf hY qy qIr quVvfAuNdf hY aqy imrjLy nMU cMDVF aqy isaflF dI bhuigxqI vfhr qoN mrvfAuNdf hY.

hoxI imrjLy `qy kuWd peI, rlI isaflF dy sMg.

CuWtI kfnI gjLb dI, lY geI imrjLy nMU nfl.

rUh imrjLy dI nkl geI, lWgI jMzUry nfl.

mMdf kIqf sfihbF qUM rl geI isaflF dy nfl.60]

ies pRkfr imrjLf afpxI mOq ipWCy sfihbF df hWQ dWsdf hY. pIlU imrjLy dI mOq df kfrn Ausdf hMkfr dWsdf hY, imrjLf mfiraf mlkul mOq df, kuJ mfiraf AuhnMU gumfn.64] sfihbF imrjLy dI mOq df BFzf hoxI AuWqy BMndI hY, hoxI vrqI pYgMbrF, hoxI imrjLy qy geI af.62] prMqU mYN imrjLy dI mOq leI AusdI mUrKqf aqy aflsIpn nMU mMndf hF. ibnF idmfg nfl soicaF qy iksy ivAuNqbMdI dy Auh kfhlf vigaf. ijs df KimafjLf AusnMU Bugqxf ipaf.

sfzy sfihqkfrF ny imrjLy nMU sUrmy df iKqfb dy ky AusdI mOq nMU sLhIdI df ruqbf dy rWiKaf hY.imrjf aYsf sUrmf, KrlF df srdfr.2 ikWsy ivc nfiek nfiekf nMU corI GroN Bjf ky lY jFdf hY qy nfiekf dy mMgyqr aqy BrfvF hWQoN mfiraf jFdf hY. imrjLf AuhnF dI ieWjq nfl KyizaF qy AuhnF ny Ausdf bdlf ilaf qy imrjLy nMU rfq dI rotI Gry jf ky nhIN Kfx idWqI.imrjLy dI mOq sLhIdI nhIN, blik Honor Killing (ieWjLq leI kIqf igaf kql) sI.sdIaF qoN ies ikWsy nMU glH ivc qvIq vFgU tMgI iPrdy pMjfbI siBafcfr dy mudeI imrjLy nMU sUrvIr ikAuN smJI bYTy hn? bhfdr aqy jMgjU XoDy qF cMDV aqy sfihbF dy vIr sn. jo afpxI ieWjLq aqy axK leI jMg lVHdy hn.imrjLf iksy pWKoN vI sUrimaF dI pRqIinDqf krdf nhIN imldf.

iksy dI kuVI nMU Bjf iljfxf bhfdrI nhIN, blik klMk aqy cirqrhIxqf hY. iehI vjHf hY ik koeI vI imrjLy df sfQ nhIN idMdf.bhfdrI dy pRqIk ikWsy qF ijAuxf mOV, jWgf zfkU, jYml-PWqf, suWcf sUrmf hn, ijhnF dy nfiek ieWjLq afbrU dI rfKI leI lVyH qy hWk sWc dI rfKI leI KVyH. ies kfrj leI ieh pfqr pUry ikWsy ivc sGrsLsLIl rihMdy hn.nf ik imrjLy vFg acfnk hrkq ivc afAuNdy hn.pMjfbI smfj imrjLy vWloN cuWky kdm nMU hrigjL nYiqk krm nhIN grdfndf.ijnHF lokF dI ingfh ivc imrjLf bhfdr hY qF AuhnF nMU myrf suafl hY ik agr koeI quhfzI iejLq nfl AuvyN Kyzy ijvyN imrjLy ny kIqI qF kI qusIN Aus ivakqI nMU bhfdrI df qgmf dyvoNgy?

mYN hmysLF ies gWl `qy jLor idMdf hF ik hr klmkfr AudoN ilWKdf hY jdoN Aus nMU smfj ivc kuJ glq Gt irhf idKfeI idMdf hY. pIlU ny vI ieh ikWsf iesy krky ilWiKaf ik jo Ausdy ikWsy dy nfiek qy nfiek GqIq krdy hn, Auh krky koeI hor nf axafeI mOq mry. pr lokI smJdy aqy sfihq qoN kuJ isWKdy nhIN. aWj vI anykF Honor KillinghuMdIaF hn. sLihjLfdI zfieafnf qy zozI alPfied vI ies ilhfjL nfl imrjLf-sfihbF df mfzrn rUp isWD huMdy hn.

rfvx rfm dI pqnI sIqf df hrn krky lY jFdf hY. rfm cMdr rfvx aqy Ausdy pirvfr df hI nfs nhIN krdf, sgoN AusdI sony dI lMkf nMU vI qbfh krky afpxI vIrqf df sbUq idMdf hY. BfvyN Ausny ies kMm leI kpt jF horF df shfrf vI ilaf. lyikn Ausny afpxI mrdfngI df sbUq vI idWqf. rfvx qoN sIqf nMU pRfpq krky Auh mrdF vflI hYNkV vI pugfAuNdf hY qy sIqf nMU agnI pRIiKaf lYx dy bfvjUd vI asivkfr kr idMdf hY.AuDr imrjLf sfihbF nMU ibnF liVHaF corI Bjf ky ilafAuNdf hY.dWso Auh bhfdr ikvyN hoieaf? bhfdr aqy XoDf huMdf qF XuWD krky sfihbF nMU cuWk ky iljFdf.nf ik corI Bjf ky. imrjLf bhfdrI jF mrdfngI nhIN blik kfierqf, inpuMskqf aqy nfmrdI df pRqIk hY.

qIjf aihm pihlU ieh hY ik sfihbF jfxdI huMdI hY ik mOq df zr imrjLy nMU hY nf ik isaflF jF cMDVF nMU ikAuNik Auh vfr vfr imrjLy nMU icqfvnIaF dy ky agfh krdI hY:-

1        GoVy KIvy Kfn dy bVy murfqbKor.

BWijaF nMU jfx nf dyxgy, AuWDl geIaF dy cor.

ivWc AujfV dy mfr ky, qyrI suWtx DOx mroV.37.

2        Gr ibgfny mfr ky, sON irhf ivWc mYdfn.

qyry isr sFgF vgdIaF, ijAuN lohy pVy DMgfn.

cMDV Zuky jMn bx ky, mfry qYnMU bfJ nf jfx.53]

3        vyK jMzUry dI CWqrI, isr pr boly kF.

tFgU vWjy mlkul mOq dy, ikqy nhIN dyNdy jfx.

cMDV isafl mfrngy, bVy sUrmy jvfn.

AuTI vy imrijLaf suWiqaf, ikAuN ipaf bVy gumfn?

GoVI afAuNdI vIr sLmIr dI, afAuNdI hI bVy qfx.

        suWqf eyN qUM AuWT KV, jy rWb rWKy isdk eImfn.56]

4        aWgoN sfihbF boldI, mMn imrijLaf! myrI slfh.

CyV bWkI nMU qUM rfh KrlF dy, lY cWl dfnfbfd.

isaflF dIaF GoVIaF afdm-KfxIaF, inWq rok lYNdIaF rfh.

jy qUM imrjLf sUrmf! myrI sfihbF dI EV inBfh.58]

GroN qurn vyly imrjLF vI afpxI jfn dy Kqry qoN BlIBFq jfxU huMdf hY, jdoN Auh afpxI mF nMU kihMdf hY, jIAuNdf irhf qF af imlf, mWq CoizE afs. 23] aqy afpxI mOqy mYN mrF, myry nfl quhfnMU kI? 17]

ikWsy df kyNdrI pfqr imrjLf hox krky pIlU ny afpxI rcnf ivc imrjLy dI sLKsIaq nMU AuWcf cuWkx `qy bl idWqf hY, pr sfihbF dy Brf sLmIr dy jMgjU, XoDf aqy rohbdfr ivakqI hox dy sMkyq vI ikWsy ivc drj hn. lok sLmIr df BYa mMndy hn. Auh GoVy `qy pfKr arQfq lohy df jflIdfr surWiKaf JuWl pf ky rWKdf hY, XfnI ik lVx leI sdf iqafr-br-iqafr rihMdf hY.:-

1       qy Kbr ho jfey vIr sLmIr nMU, qYnUM kir mfr.9]

2       Kbr hovy Kfn sLmIr nMU, lhU pIvygf rWj.

lY cWl dfnfbfd nMU, jy isr hYgI pWg.

qYnMU mfr gvfAuNxgy qUM, rWK KrlF dI lWj.34]

3       GoVI afAuNdI vIr sLmIr dI, afAuNdI hI bVy qfx.56]

drasl ikWsy ivc vI imrjLy df aks sUrmy vflf nhIN pRgt huMdf, sgoN sfihbF vfsqy pfAuNdI hY qy imrjLy dy idWqy gey juafbF ivcoN Ausdf Pukry bMdy vflf pRqIibMb bxdf hY.Audfrx vjoN hyT ilWKIaF imrjLy dIaF PVHF dyKo:-

1          myry AuWpr nf koeI dIhdf sUrmf, ijhVf myry pur vfr kry.

mfr kohF qyry ijMny ny pfs, qyry vIr KVy!

Jt ku JUtf jMz hyT lYx dy, muV ijhVI rWb kry.

aWj dI GVI sON lYx dy, dUjI GVI vVF dfnfbfd.44]

2        isr isaflF dy vWZ ky, dyvF jMz cVHf.50]

3        imrjLF afKy koeI nf dIhdf sUrmf, ijhVf mYnMU hWQ kry.

ktk iBVf idaF tWkrIN, mYQoN BI rfT zry.

vl vl vWZ dyAUN sUrmy, ijAuN KyqI nMU pYx gVHy.

isr isaflF dy vWZ ky, suWtFgf ivWc rVHy.52]

pMjfbI gWBrUaF dIaF ZfxIaF ivWc jdoN koeI iksy afisLk imjLfj nMU puWC lvy, ikvyN aYN rFiJaf? qF aWgoN aglf huWB ky juafb idMdf hY, rFJf qF aYvyN zMgr sI zMgr hI cfrdf irhY.rFJf nhIN, mYN qF imrjLf hF imrjLf.

myrf ieh lyK Kfny pY igaf qF soc ky afpy hI PYslf kr lAu bfeI ikhny ikhny imrjLf bxnY? imrjLy kol qF sfihbF iek rfq nHIN itkI! imrjLf vYsf sUrmf nhIN sI ijho ijhf qusIN smJI bYTy ho, imrjLf aYsf sUrmf sI ijsdf mYN AuWpr ivsLlysLn kIqf hY.

    pIlU ny ikWsy ivc imrjLf, sfihbF, imrjLy df bfp vMJl, BYx sihqI, sfihbF df bfp KIvf Kfn, Brf sLmIr, sfihbF df nOkr krmU bfhmx, jfm luhfr, imrjLy dI Drm-mfsI bIbo, KIvy Kfn df krmcfrI, ProjL zogr (zogr, rfjpUqF qoN mfslmfn bxy lokF dI iek jfqI hY, jo ijLafdfqr guWjLrF vFg psLU pflx df ikWqf krdy hn.) aqy vMJl df nOkr aQvf imrjLy df dosq bfeI zogr (jo bWkI nMU pfldf hY) dy nfm idWqy hn. ies qoN ibnf Aus ny koeI hor nfm nhIN idWqf.imrjLy dI mF aqy sfihbF dy mMgyqr df ijLkr afAuNdf hY aqy sLmIr qoN ibnf sfihbF dy hor Brf hox df sMkyq jLrUr afAuNdf hY, pr AuhnF dy nfm ikWsy ivc drjL nhIN hn. sfihbF dy BrfvF dy nfm, mMgyqr df nF qfihr Kfn afidk bfkI pfqr aqy AuhnF dy nfm mgroN dUjy lyKkF dy idmfg dI AuWpj hY.

qkrIbn sfrIaF pRym gfQfvF nfl koeI nf koeI jIv-inrjIv pfqr juiVaf huMdf hY, BfvyN Auh koeI jfnvr, vsqU jF sQfn hovy. jdoN asIN qpdy QlF jF df AUT df qsWvr krdy hF qF sfnMU sWsI cyqy af jFdI hY. Jnfa jF GVy nMU Xfd kiraF sohxI. byly jF vMJlI dI gWl iCVy qF rFJy dI qsvIr afp muhfry ijLhn ivc AuWGV afAuNdI hY. ievyN hI jdoN jMz qy GoVI df iKafl krdy hF qF sfzy mn-msqk ivc imrjLy dy ikWsy dI pusqk KuWlH jFdI hY.vYsy qF bhuq sfry GoVy aqy GoVsvfr msLhUr hoey hn, ijvyN JFsI dI rfxI df GoVf bfdl jo lksLmI bfeI aqy Ausdy muMzy sxy JFsI dy ikWlHy qoN kuWd ipaf sI.pr kuWl dunIaf dy ieiqhfs ivc ieiqhfsk aqy imiQhfsk sWq mhfn pursL aYsy hoey hn, jo afpxI qkdIr Kud ilKdy sn aqy AuhnF dy jIvn sMGrsL ivc AuhnF dy GoiVaF df vI brfbr df Xogdfn irhf hY.AuhnF dI sUcI ies pRkfr hY:-

1                    hjLrq muhMmd aqy AusdI GoVI duldul

2                    gurU hrgoibMd aqy GoVf dfn (jo ibDIcMd Cuzvf ky ilafieaf sI.)

3                    gurU goibMd isMG aqy nIlf GoVf

4                    rfxf pRqfp aqy cyqk GoVf

5                    mhfrfjf rxjIq isMG aqy lYlHf GoVf

6                    guWgf cOhfn aqy jfvidXf

7                    imrjLf Kfn aqy bWkI

ikWsy dI khfxI nMU muWK rKidaF ieh pIlU dI loV sI ik Auh imrjLy dI GoVI Lockheed SR-71 "Blackbird" jLhfj vFg gqImfn aqy afm GoVIaF qoN AuWqm idKfvy. ies gWl leI Aus ny imiQhfs aqy ieiqhfs df shfrf ilaf qy srvsRysLt GoVI leI bWkI dI stfr kfsitMg kr idWqI.

 ihMdU imQhfs ivc dyviqaF qy rfKisLsLF vWloN KIr smuMdr nMU irVkx dI Gtnf afAuNdI hY. KIr smuMdr ivcoN cOdF adBuq pdfrQ inkly. ijs ivcoN sLRvf GoVf vI iek sI. smF pf ky Auh sLRvf GoVf svrglok nMU cilaf jFdf hY. mhfBfrq dy XuWD vyly kuMqI dy puWqr krn dI svfrI krn leI AuhI GoVf asmfn qoN Auqr ky afAuNdf hYY. pIlU ny ihMdU imQhfs dI ieh gWl cuWk ky afpxy ikWsy ivc aMikq kridaF ilWiKaf hY ik bWkI horIN Cy BYx Brf arsL qoN Auqry. pIlU ny afpxI glp rcnf `qy vfsqivkqf dI mohr lfAux leI kuJ ieiqhfsk pfqr cuWk ley.

arsLo Auqry Cy jxy, CIey BYx Brf.

duldul leI sLfh alI ny, pfeI kfaby dI rfh.

iek ilaf guWgy cOhfn ny, bFgVf idWqIaF Zfh.

nIlf ilaf rfjy rsflU ny, rfxIaF leI Cuzf.48]

grfVf jYml PWqy sMdl bfr, bytI nf idWqI ivafh.

lWKI lY leI duWly jvfn ny, mfrI akbr dI rfh.

kWkI Gr sulqfn dy, cfry kUMtF leIaF invf.

sBnF qoN CotI hY bWkI, cWl ky afeI imrjLy dy pfs.49]

pIlU anusfr duldul nMU sLfh alI  lY igaf.duldul KWcr imsr dy bfdsLfh ny hjLrq muhMmd nMU idWqI sI, ijs AuWqy Auh svfr hoieaf krdy sn. bfad ivc AuhnF ny ieh afpxy ccyry Brf dy jvfeI hjLrq sLfh alI nMU dy idWqI, jo muslmfnF dy cOQy KlIPf sn.

zWb-KVWbf, guWgf cOhfn ny mWl ilaf.guWgf cOhfn bIkfnyr irafsq dy ipMz Ezyry ivc igafrvIN sdI ivc pYdf hoieaf XoDf sI, ijs ny rfjpUqF df afgU bx ky mihmUd gjLnvI nfl lVfeI kIqI sI.vfCl nF dI rfjpUq kMinaF nMU gorKnfQ ny sMqfn dI guWgl idWqI sI, ijs sdkf guWgy df jnm huMdf hY.bfad ivc ies ny ieslfm Drm apnf ilaf qy Dfrimk iKaflF vflf ivakqI bx igaf. ies ivc sWp df jLihr mfrn dI ivsLysL sLkqI sI. lok iesnMU sLysLnfg df avqfr mMndy hn qy pUjdy hn. guWgy pIr vjoN pRisWD hox mgroN iesdy nfm `qy hr sfl BfdoN dy mhIny luiDafxy ijLlHy ivc Cpfr df mylf lgdf hY.jo mflvy dy mkbUl myilaF ivcoN iek hY, ikAuNik ies myly `qy sflF qoN luWcIaF bolIaF pfAux dI rIq hY.guWgy dI kbr qYhr ngr ivWc hY.  

nIlf, rfjy rsflU dy ihWsy afieaf.isaflkot dy rfjy slvfn aqy rfxI lUxf df puWqr rfjf rsflU rfjf isrkp dI DI koklF nfl ivafihaf sI. koklF iBvcfrn sI. rfjf rsflU koklF dy pRymI rfjf hozI nMU mfr idMdf hY qy koklF mihl qoN Cfl mfr ky mr jFdI hY.

grfVf, jYml-PWqf sFB lYNdy hn.jYml isMG aqy Piqh isMG 1567-68 ivc akbr nMU DI df zolf dyx dI muKflPq krdy hoey rfxf AudY isMG dI rihnumfeI ivc icqOV qoN lVx vfly rfjpUq sn. iehnF kol ieh bhurMgf GoVf sI.

lWKI GoVI duWlf sMBfldf hY.duWlf BWtI, lfhOr qoN bfrF koh dUr ipMzI df vsnIk sI qy akbr nfl Ausny afZf ilaf. Auh amIrF nMU luWt ky grIbF nMU dfn krdf sI. AusnMU pMjfbI df rOibn huWz vI ikhf jfvy qF koeI aqkQnI nhIN hovygI.

kWkI nMU sulqfn afpxy Gr lY jFdf hY.sulqfn df asl nfm sWXd aihmd sulqfn sI. ies nMU sKI srvr aqy rohIaF vflf pIr vI ikhf jFdf hY.Auh hTI aqy Gor qpWisaf krn vflf sI. kihMdy hn Ausdy mUMhoN kWZI hr gWl pUrI huMdI sI.

qy sB qoN CotI bWkI imrjLy vWl af jFdI hY.

vrxnXog hY ik bWkI GoVI dI nsl sI, nf ik nfm. bWk (rMghIx Bfv sPYd) rfKisLsL Bgvfn ikRsLn nMU mfrn leI GoVf bx ky afAuNdf hY, pr nfkfmXfb rihMdf hY. ies qoN pihlF ik ikRsLn AusnMU PV skdf. Auh afpxI qyjL rPqfr kfrn BWj jFdf hY. iPr Auh bglf bx ky afAuNdf hY qy blrfm hWQoN mfiraf jFdf hY. Ausy bWk rfKisLsL qoN qyjL rPqfr GoiVaF dI nsl cWlI, jo isrP bWk XfnI sPYd rMg dI hI huMdI hY.mhFBfrq dy XuWD ivc sfrQI bxy ikRsLn ny arjun dy rQ nfl sfry bWkI GoVy joVy sn.bfbr ny afpxy puWqr ihmfXU nMU pihlI jMg ijWqx `qy ienfm vjoN bWkI GoVf idWqf sI, jo icWtf sI. sLfied pIlU nMU ies gWl df igafn nhIN sI. pIlU bWkI df rMg kflf dWsI jFdf hY. nIlf, kuWlf aqy lWKI afidk GoiVaF dIaF nslF hn. gjLb dI gWl qF ieh hY ik vWK-vWK simaF ivc pYdf hoey vWKro-vKrIaF nslF dy GoVy-GoVIaF nMU pIlU BYx Brf bxfeI jFdf hY.hjLrq muhMmd aqy jYml isMG qy Piqh isMG dy pYNdf hox ivc sflF nhIN, sdIaF df aMqr hY. GoiVaF dI aYnI ijLafdf lMmI Aumr nhIN huMdI. pMj sflF ivc GoVf jobn `qy huMdf hY qy aOsqn GoVy dI afXU 25-30 sfl huMdI hY.GoiVaF muaqlk shI jfxkfrI dI axhoNd sdkf sfzy icWqrkfr gurU goibMd isMG df GoVf vfh ky nIlf rMg cyp idMdy hn.gurU goibMd isMG df GoVf nIlf nsl df sI nf ik rMg df! nIly rMg df koeI GoVf nhIN huMdf. nIlf GoiVaF dI nsl df nfmkrn nIl dyvqy qoN hoieaf sI.ksUr icWqrkfrF df vI nhIN, byakl isWK buWDIjIvI lokF nMU nIlf GoVf ilWK ky buWDU bxfeI jFdy hn.sfKIaF dI iek aYsI ikqfb vI mYN pVHI hY ijs df ilKfrI gurU goibMd isMG dy GoVy dy KMB vI lfeI jFdf hY. iek hovy kmlf qF smJfvy ivhVf, ivhVf hovy kmlf qF smJfvy ikhVf? guru goibMd isMG ny sfrI Aumr sMGrsL kridaF aqy jUJidaF AuWqm purK dI pRIBfsLf dWsx `qy lgf idWqI, ieh sLrDfvfn lok AuhnF nMU krfmfqI bxf ky pysL krn lWgy hn.

aMgryjLI df sfihqkfr jdoN buVHf ho jFdf hY qF svY-jIvnI ilWK ky ilWKx qoN sinafs lY lYNdf hY, ikAuNik vDIaf ilWKx leI Aus kol msflf muWk jFdf hY. bfkI qmfm Aumr Auh aflock bx ky nvyN ilKfrIaF nMU ilWKx dy vl isKfAuNdy rihMdy hn. pMjfbI df ilKfrI ipWClI Aumr ivcW jf ky socx lWg jFdf hY ik AusdI kfblIal aqy imhnq df shI muWl nhIN ipaf qy Auh ies iKafl nMU lY ky pfgl ho jFdf hY.aFZI-guafZIN jf iksy vfkPkfr irtfierz POjI nMU pYsy dy ky Auh POjI kMtIn qoN ssqI qy Kfls rMm mMgf ky roj sLfm nMU Aus ivcoN cmcf ku pI ky boql nMU mhInf jf GWto GWt hPqy ivc pINdf hoieaf Dfrimk sfihq rcx ivc msrUP rihx lWgdf hY.aijhI avsLQf ivc Auh aMnHI sLrDf qihq aijhy hI rMg lfAuNdf hY!

pMjfbI dy qkrIbn sfry pfTk, lyKk aqy ivdvfn imrjLy dI GoVI df nfm bWkI smJI jFdy hn. ies leI hfiPLjL brKLudfr ksUrvfr hY. Auh imrjLy dI GoVI nIlf nsl dI ilWKI jFdf hY.ijs kfrn lok GoVI df nfm bWkI mMn bYTy hn.

dUjf kfrn bWkI nMU arsLoN Auqfrn df ieh hY ik pFzv nfl ivafh hox qoN pihlF sUrj dy sumyl qoN kuafrI kuMqI nMU jnmy kysLfpur nrysL krn dy nO puWqrF ivcoN mhFBfrq dy XuWD ivcoN iekWlf ijAuNdf bcx vflf krn df puWqr virsLfkyQU afpxy ipqf df rfjKyqr aMgf (mOjUdf Bfglpur aqy mUgr, ibhfr, XU[ pI[) CWz ky pMcfl (pMjfb) dy ielfky ivc Jnfa aqy rfvI ivckfr sFZilX irsLI dI afbfd kIqI sMZy dI bfr, ijs nMU duWly BWtI vyly Ausdy dfdy sFdl dy nfm krky sMdl bfr (PYslfbfd[ JMg aqy tobf tyk isMG, pfiksqfn df ielfkf) ikhf jfx lWg ipaf, ivKy af vsdf hY.bfr jMgl dy abfdI vfly ielfky nMU ikhf jFdf hY. ihmfilaf dy KqrI krn (hirafxy dy ijLlHy krnfl df nfmkrn vI iesy krn qoN hoieaf hY.) df poqf Krl AuWc sLrIP ivKy rihMidaF mohkmdIn jLlfl-AuWd-dIn jhfnIaF dy pRBfv aDIn ieslfm kbUl lYNdf hY. Krl qoN Krl goq cldf hY qy Krl dy bfrF puWqr sn.agnIvMsLI pnvr rfjpUq aqy jWt isWK prmfr vI Krl dI aOlfd hn.arjun nfl tWkr lYx vflf krn, Ausdf puWqr virsLfkyQU aqy poqf Krl iqMnoN vDIaF qIraMdfjL sn, ies leI imrjLy nMU vI krn dI aOlfd isWD krky pIlU qIraMdfjLI df vDIaf XoDf bxf idMdf hY qy purvj krn vFg Aus leI GoVI asmfnoN Auqfrdf hY.

imrjLy dy ikWsy nMU piVHaf aqy ivcfiraf nf hox krky pMjfbIaF dy mn ivc bWkI dI iek aYsI CvI bxI hoeI hY ik bWkI vWzy kWd dI inWgr, inroeI qy qyjL BWjx vflI irsLt pusLt GoVI hovygI.pIlU vI ies gWl nMU hvf idMdf hY, jdoN Auh imrjLy dy mMUhoN khfAuNdf hY,

sMum bWkI dy KVkdy, ijAuN lohy pYx iDgfx.

dum bWkI dI ieMj iPry, ijAuN cOrI kry gulfm.bMd28.

kMn lMmy Kur pqly, duMm bWkI dI isafh.

dyK ky myrI tYr nMU, Jory icWq nf pf.

bfeI zogr ijnHF dy bihx puaFdI af.

mUMh nfl lfhy pgVIaF, PWt ky suWty aMjfx.

bWkI lfhIaF pgVIaF, vykI nf iksy dI lfj.

nfeI myrf mfiraf, sLrbq idWqf zolH.29]

bfp dy KWiqaF cfr ky, bWkI nMU lieaf bxf.bMd 38.

ds mhIaF df iGAu idWqf, bWkI dy iZWz pf.

bWkI qoN zrn PirsLqy, mYQoN zry Kudf.

cuWBy ivc pqfl, AuWz ky cVHy akfsL.

cVHnf afpxy sLONk nMU, bWkI nMU lfj nf lf.bMd 39.

lyikn afp hI pIlU afpxy ikWsy ivc ies df Kud hI KMzn krdf hY, jdoN tYr (KWcr) dyK ky sfihbF imrjLy nMU imhxf mfrdI hoeI kihMdI hY ik jy Gry GoVf hY nhIN sI qF iksy qoN mMg ky hI lY afAuNdf,

mfVI qyrI tYrkI, imrijLaf! ilafieaf ikDroN tor.

suWkf iehdf cOKtf, kfvF KfDI kMgroV.

jy Gr nf sI qyry bfp dy, mMg ilafAuNdoN hor.

GoVy KIvy Kfn dy bVy murfiqb Kor.

BWijaF nMU jfx nf dyxgy, AuWDl geIaF dy cor.

ivWc AujfV dy mfr ky, qyrI suWtx DOx mroV.bMd 37.

jF imrjLf kihMdf hY:-

quhfzy bfr GoVIaF, myrI bWkI df pqlf lWk.bMd 28.

GoVy afpxy svfr pRqI bhuq vPfdfr huMdy hn. pr jdoN iksy bMdy dI iksmq sfQ CWz jfvy, bfkI sfry AusnMU CWz jFdy hn. imrjLy `qy jd hmlf huMdf hY qF bWkI vI AusnMU iqlfjLlI dy BWj jFdI hY qy sfihbF qfnf mfrdI hY:-

jMz dy hyT jWtf! sON rihEN, AuT, surq sMBfl.

bWkI qYnMU CWz ky AuWT geI, ijs dy AuWqy bVf ieqbfr.

nfrd CWz ky AuWT igaf, qyrf muWZ-kdImF df Xfr.bMd 43.

ijWQoN qWk dfnfbfd ivc imrjLf, sfihbF aqy bWkI dIaF kbrF df svfl hY, ieh ikvyN sMBv ho skdf hY ik cMDV aqy isafl imrjLf sfihbF iekWiTaF df kbr brdfsLq kr lYNdy. AuhnF ny qF nfl cOQI kbr bxfAux vfly dI vI kbr bxf dyxI sI. hF, AuhnF dI Xfd ivc bxIaF Auh smfDF mMnIaF jf skdIaF hn. drasl muslmfnF df ieWk Kfs iPrkf hY ijnHF dI rojLI-rotI kbrF dI ingrfnI rWKx nfl cldI hY. iehnF dy pirvfr kbrF AuWqy cVHy cVHfvy nfl pldy hn. ies leI ieh lok afpxy aiDkfr Kyqr ivc afAuNdIaF kbrF dI mhfnqf vDfAux leI kbrF nfl JUTIaF gWlF joV idMdy hn. ijvyN mfeI hIr dI kbr `qy gol guMbd bxf ky Ausdf mUMh KuWlHf rWK ky ieh pRcfr kr idWqf igaf ik hIr dI kbr `qy mINh nhIN pYNdf. cfry pfisAuN vfCV nMU gubMd rok lYNdf hox krky hlkI bfirsL aMdr nhIN jFdI. pr jdoN BfrI mINh pYNdf hY qF Auh avsL hI hIr dI kbr `qy pYNdf hY.

afdm aqy hvf dI kbr sLRI lMkf ivc hY, ijQy afdm dy pYr df 5 7 x 2 6 vWzf insLfn iKWc df kyNdr hY.afdm (Adam) dy puWqr abIl dI jorzn ivKy siQq kbr nMU dunIaF dI pihlI kbr dWs ky pRcfiraf jFdf hY. Emfn dy DoPr ielfky ivc nbI iemrfn (iXsU msIh df nfnf) dI 40 PuWt lMmI kbr, hjLrq afidm dy puWqr hjLrq kfnbIq dI 70 PuWt lMmI kbr, brIlf sLrIP, gujLrfq (pfiksqfn) hY. iehnF kbrF df vWzf akfr sylfnIaF nMU iKWcx dy mksd nfl bxfieaf igaf hY.

sLyK PrId ny ieWk dohrf ilWiKaf sI,

rotI myrI kfT dI kI lfvxu myrI BuWK,

ijnf KfDI copVI Gxy shingy duK.

PrIdkot bfbf sLyK PrId dI Xfd ivWc bxy rojLy ivKy kihMdy hn drKq dy tuWkVy bfry afiKaf jFdf hY ik Aus nfl bfbf PrId ny imWtI nfl ilWbVy hWQ pUMJy sn. ieWQy hI ipaf ieWk lWkV dy golfkfr tuWkVf huMdf sI. sLfied hux vI hovy! Ausdf iek isrf qysy nfl GV ky AuWqy rMdf Pyiraf hoieaf sI. lok Aus bfry afKI jFdy hn ik PrId ny lWkV dI rotI dI burkI KfDI sI.mUrK jnqf nMU kOx dWsy ik dohry ivc PrId ny kfT dI rotI isMbl vjoN vrqI hY. Auhdy idmfg ivWc nuks nhIN sI ipaf ik lWkVF nMU dMdIaF vMzdf iPrdf sI.lyKkF qy pWqrkfrF ny vI ies gWl nMU pUrI qUl idWqI hY. pMjfbI sfihq df ieiqhfs BfsLf ivBfg, pMjfb pusqk  dy pMnf 377 aqy ijLlHf biTMzf df pMjfbI sfihq -iek aiDaYn (1972 qWk) pusqk ivc zf: mihMdr isMG ibrdI iesdf ijLkr krdy hn.imrjLf, sfihbF aqy bWkI dIaF kbrF vI kmfeI df sfDn bxfAux leI hI bxfeIaF geIaF hn aqy XQfrQk nhIN hn. nf hI AuhnF ipWCy koeI Tos qrk hY.

ieiqhfskfr dfnfbfd njLdIk KVyH ieWk jMz nMU imrjLy dI kqlgfh vflf sQfn dWs ky lokF nMU buWDU bxfeI jFdy hn. iehnF nMU puWCy ik kI iehnF nMU AuQoN imrjLy df zI[ aYn[ ey[(Deoxyribonucleic Acid) lWiBaf sI, jo ieh Aus jMz bfry dfvy nfl afK rhy hn.JMg qoN dfnfbfd dy rsqy ivc sYNkVy hI jMz hoxgy. kI sbUq hY ik dfnfbfd dy bfhr KVf jMz AuhI hY?

cflHI kohF df pYNzf hY, kOx afvy, kOx jf.8]

pIlU JMg qoN dfnfbfd dI dUrI 40 koh dWsdf hY. koh purfxI imxqI anusfr 4000 gjL df bxdf hY.ies smyN pWkI sVk bx jfx kfrn JMg qoN dfnfbfd 129 iklomItr arQfq lgBg 80 mIl bxdf hY.pIlU dI imxqI kfPI hWd qWk drusq jfpdI hY, ikAuNik iek koh = do mIl+do PrlFg+cflI gjL imxqI bxdI hY. ies df mqlb 40 koh 90.8 mIl bxdy hn, jo Aus smyN dy ilhfj nfl TIk dUrI mMnI jf skdI hY.pIlU muqfbk Aus vyly dfnfbfd qoN JMg jfx leI cfr idn lgdy sn, jfxI iek idn ivc GWtoGWt 10 koh jF vWD qoN vWD 20 koh df Pfslf qYa kIqf jFdf sI.sfihbF dy GroN BWjx qoN qurMq bfad hI isaflF aqy cMDVF nMU KLbr ho jFdI hY. vWD qoN vWD imrjLf ds jF vIh koh dUr inkl afieaf hovygf. ieh mumikn hI nhIN jfpdf ik sLmIr dI POj qy murfqbKoor afdm KfxIaF PrqIlIaF GoVIaF ny imrjLy qy AusdI tYrkI (KWcr) bWkI nMU BWjx leI cflI koh jF cfr idn df vkPf dy idWqf hovygf.ieh jMz JMg qoN ds vIh mIl dUrI `qy huMdf qF mMinaf vI jf skdf sI.ies leI ieh jMz vflI vfrqf vI mihjL gWp qoN vWD kuJ nhIN hY.


imrjLf BfvyN sI jF nhIN ies ivvfd nMU iek pfsy rWK ky socIeey qF imrjLy dI pMjfbI sfihq nMU ikWsy dy rUp ivc aqy pMjfbI sMgIq nMU ivsLys qrjL pRdfn krn dI dyx hY. koeI vI gIq iek qoN vWD kMpojLIsLnF ivc gfieaf jf skdf hY. pr hIr, Zolf , mfhIaf vFg imrjLy dI vI iek ivsLysL qrjL hY qy imrjLf isrP Ausy qrjL ivc hI aWCf lgdf hY.ihWk dy jLor nfl gfieaf jfx vflf imrjLf mfVy moty gveIey dy bs df rog vI nhIN hY.ies nMU bIr-rsI ZfzIaF vWloN gffeIaF jFdIaF vfrF vFg gfiek AuWcI sur ivc gfAuNdy hn qy ies df afrMB aksr lMmI hyk nfl kIqf jFdf hY.pihlF imrjLy nMU gfAux dI qPqfr DImI huMdI sI. hux asIN afpxy sMgIq ivc pWCmI sfjLF aqy bItF dI vrqoN krdy hF ies leI imrjLy dy bolF nMU gfAux dI rPqfr, ijs nMU sMgIq dI qknIkI BfsLf ivc asIN tYNpo
( Beats Per Minute) afKdy hF, vI kfPI qyjL huMdI hY.ies ilhfjL nfl sfjLI vI Ausy qIbrqf aqy gqI nfl sfjL kuWtdy hn. imrjLy nMU hr qqkflI gfiek afpo-afpxI smrQf muqfbk afpxy ihsfb nfl gfAuNdf hY, pr ijLafdfqr ieh afhIr BYrvI  rfg ivc gfieaf jFdf hY.imrjLy qy anykF iPlmF vI bxIaF hn. anykF gfiekF ny imrjLf gfieaf hY, pr hux qWk sB qoN vDIaf imrjLf mYN jgmohx kOr df suixaf hY.imrjLf pihlI vfr ikqfbI rUp ivc 1884 ivc CpI afr[ sI[ tYNpl dI The Legends of the Punjab pusqk ivc Cipaf, BfvyN ik gjLtIar ivc Ausny ies nMU pihlF hI ilWK idWqf sI.AUrdU ivc imrjLf 1951 pMjfb isWiKaf ivBfg, lfhOr vWloN pRkfisLq kIqf igaf.
jykr imrjLf hkIkqn sI qF isaflF aqy cMDVF hWQoN vWizaf igaf hY. jy nhIN sI qF pIlU ny ikWsy ivc AusnMU mfr idWqf hY,
ivWc kbrF dy KWp igaf, imrjLf sohxf jvfn.
ieh ikWsf imrjLf sfihbF df joiVaf.
pIlU sLfier ny, ijhnMU jfxy kul jhfn.64]
lyikn imrjLf rihMdI dunIaf qWk AudoN qfeIN amr rhygf, jdoN qWk sfzy gfiek gfAuNdy rihxgy:-

 

hujry jfh mukIm dy,

iek jWtI arjL kry.

mYN bWkrf dynIaF pIr df,

myry isr df sfeIN mry.

pMj sWq mrn guaFZxF,

rihMdIaF nMU qfp cVHy.

hWtI Zhy krfV dI,

ijWQy dIvf inWq bly.

kuWqI mry PkIr dI,

ijhVI cAUN cAUN inWq kry.

glIaF hovx suMnIaF,

ivc imrjLf Xfr iPry.(pMjfbI lok gIq)

               

 


qyrI Poto ikAuN nHIN Bgq isMaF lgdI notF `qy?

gfiek insLfvfn BuWlr nfl blrfj isWDU dI iek mulfkfq

 

qyrI Poto ikAuN nhIN Bgq isMaF lgdI notF `qy dy gIq rfhIN cricq hox vflf nOjvfn aqy AuBrdf gfiek insLfvfn BuWlr iehnIN idnIN ieMglYNz PyrI `qy afieaf hoieaf hY. insLfvfn BuWlr afpxI plyTI aYlbm Pok stfr rfhIN sQfipq gfiekF dI kqfr ivc af KVHf hoieaf hY.ipCly idnIN insLfvfn BuWlr ny bRimMGm ivKy af ky ieMtrivAuN idWqI, ijs dy coxvyN aMsL pfTkF dI idlcspI leI pysL kr rhy hF:-

blrfj: BuWlr sfihb sfzy sLihr bRimMGm aqy ieMglYNz ivc quhfzf suafgq hY. ieh quhfzI pihlI ivdysL Xfqrf hY, sfzf mulK ikho ijhf lWigaf?

insLfvfn: sLukrIaf isWDU sfihb quhfzI bdOlq bRimMGm dyKx df mOkf imilaf hY. ijvyN ik qusIN jfxdy hI ho ik ieQy afieaF mYnMU ajy do ku idn hI hoey hn. ajy ieMglYNz pUrI qrHF dyKx df avsr qF nhIN imilaf. vYsy cMgf lWgf hY ieQy af ky qy ieh jfxky ik pMjfbI jLbfn aqy siBafcfr nMU qusIN lok aYnI dUr afAux dy bfvjUd vI sFBI bYTy ho.

blrfj: qusIN afpxI pihlI hI typ ivc afm lkIr qoN hWt ky Bgq isMG gIq sLfiml aqy hfeIlfeIt kIqf hY. afm qOr `qy sQfipq gfiek vI nvF qjLrbf krn qoN iJjk jFdy hn. quhfzy mn ivc ieh irsk lYx df iKafl ikvyN Aupijaf?

insLfvfn: quhfzI gWl drusq hY, pr kYrIar nMU muWK rWK ky quhfnMU keI vfr irsk vI lYxy pYNdy hn. myry ijLhn ivc aksr ieh iKafl afieaf krdf sI ik asIN Bgq isMG dI kurbfnI df shI muWl nhIN pfieaf. mYN ies gIq rfhIN Bgq isMG nMU sLrDfjLlI dyx df Xqn kIqf hY.

blrfj: qusIN afpxy ipCokV bfry kuJ dWsoNgy?

insLfvfn: myry jWdI ipMz qF rfmpury kol hY qy kfPI sfl pihlF bjLurg gMgfngr rfjsQfn jf vsy sI. myrI prvirsL aqy muZlI pVHfeI AuQy hI hoeI hY. iPr hux kuJ sflF qoN nOkrI dy islisly ivc mYN cMzIgVH isLPt ho igaf hF. hux BfvyN nOkrI CWz idWqI hY. pr mYN cMzIgVH hI itikaf hoieaf hF.

blrfj: gfAux vWl ruJfn ikvyN hoieaf?

insLfvfn: bcpn qoN hI mYnMU gfAux df sLONk sI. mYN skUlF kfljF ivc gfAuNdf irhf hF. aksr XfrF dosqF nfl mihPlF lgfAuxIaF qF afm ijhI gWl sI.

blrfj: gfiekI dI bkfiedf koeI qflIm vI leI hY?

insLfvfn: hF jI, BfeI rUpy qoN ZfzI hn cmkOr isMG. AuhnF qoN bkfiedf sMgIq dI isWiKaf lYNdf irhf hF. kfPI arsf mYN AuhnF dI syvf krky AuhnF qoN isWiKaf hY.

insLfvfn BuWlr nfl blrfj isWDU

 

blrfj: kI pirvfr ivc koeI hor vI ies Kyqr ivc sI jF pirvfr qoN quhfnMU gfiekI bfry ikho ijhf sihXog imilaf?

insLfvfn: nhIN jI pirvfr ivc qF iksy nMU gfien klf nfl koeI lgfa nhIN sI. sLurU sLurU ivc qF pirvfr ny kfPI iesdf ivroD vI kIqf.pr hux jdoN kuJ pRfpqI hoeI hY qF pirvfr df njLrIaf ies bfry bdl igaf hY. hux AuhnF nMU koeI ieqrfjL nhIN hY.

blrfj: pihlI aYlbm Pok stfr dI iqafrI df qjLrbf ikho ijhf sI?

insLfvfn: qrjLrbf bhuq vDIaf irhf hY. kfPI gWlF df igafn hoieaf hY. jdoN asIN cMzIgVH bYiTaF ies pRojYkt bfry inrxf ilaf qF soicaf ik ipMz jf ky gIqkfr pflI igWdVvfhf horF nfl slfh krIey.sfzy kol ipMz jfx df ikrfieaf pMj sO rupeIaf vI hY nhIN sI. XfrF dosqF ny sihXog idWqf. iksy ny hjLfrF ivc qy iksy ny lWKF ivc Xogdfn pfieaf. iPr asIN idWlI hnI isMG nfl gWl kIqI qy pRojYkt aWgy cWlx lWgf. mfstr iqafr hoey `qy sfzf sMprk ieQy ieMglYNz pOpsI BfjI aqy aMbI iblgf jI nfl ho igaf. iehnF ny aWgoN mUvIbfks nfl gWl kIqI qy sfnMU vDIaf huMgfrf iml igaf.

blrfj: Pok stfr dy ijLafdfqr gIq isrlyK nfl myl KFdy, Bfv lok gIq lihjLy vfly hn. imsfl dy qOr `qy kuVqI mlml dI BfPF CWzy srIr qy gorI izWg peI. mjUdf dOr dy kmrsIal gIqF qoN htvyN hn. ieh sucyq jF acyq hoieaf hY?

insLfvfn: nhIN mYN sucyq qOr `qy aijhf kIqf hY. gIq brfbr anupfq dy rWKy hn. Pok stfr ivc jy lok gIq BfrU rWKy hn qF hYmr aqy skUtI vrgy clMq gIq vI sLfiml kIqy hn.

blrfj: ieMglYNz Xfqrf df mnorQ kI hY?

insLfvfn: mYN kuJ sLoa kr irhf hF qy agly pRojYkt dI iqafrI cWl rhI hY. bfkI GuMmx iPrn vI nfl nfl hoeI jFdf rhygf. XfnI sB kuJ QoVHf QoVHf huMdf rhygf.

blrfj: sMgIq kpiVaF dy PYsLn vFg huMdf hY, GuMm-GuMmf ky vfips AuhI cIjLF rpIt ho jFdIaF hn. aWj kWlH ieh trYNz cWl irhf hY ik hryk aYlbm ivc iek aWDf izAUt gIq pfieaf jFdf hY. quhfzI aYlbm ivc sfry solo gIq hn?

insLfvfn: ieh jLrUrI nhIN ik jo sfry kr rhy hn, qusIN vI AuhI kro.mYN afpxy gIqF dI cox qoN KusL sI qy mYN Auh kr ley. vYsy vI hux sroqy dogfxf gfiekI qoN bor ho rhy hn.

blrfj: hfiepr aYlbm ivc pOpsI df kIqf iek gIq hostl afieaf hY. ijLafdfqr cMzIgVH dy klfkfr ies ivsLy nMU iksy nf iksy qrHF aDfr bxfAuNdy hn.aijhf imQ ky kIqf jF suBfivk hoieaf hY?

insLfvfn: quhfzI gWl drusq hY. cMzIgVH dy hostl klcr df vrxn bhuq sfry gIqF df ivsLf bixaf hY. drasl gIq asIN afpxy cugIrdy ivcoN hI cWkxy huMdy hn. ies df iek mfqr kfrn cMzIgVH df rihx sihx aqy Aus AuWqy hfvI hostl siBafcfr hY.

blrfj: ieMglYNz dy sMgIq aqy sroiqaF ivc Bfrq nfloN kI aMqr mihsUs kIqf hY?

insLfvfn: sroqy qF sroqy hI huMdy hn, AuhnF ivc koeI Prk mihsUs nhIN kIqf. hF sMgIq dI kuafltI ieQy vDIaf hY. sfzy pMjfb dy keI imAUijLk zrfiektr ieh kih ky afpxf sMgIq vycI jf rhy hn ik asIN ieMglYNz qoN imAUijLk krdy hF.

blrfj: pfTkF nMU kI sMdysL dyxf cfhoogy?

insLfvfn: mYN aYnf hI kihxf cfhFgf ik ijvyN myrI pihlI typ nMU ipafr idWqf, iesy qrHF aWgoN vI sroqy myrIaF JolIaF ipafr nfl Brdy rihx qF jo mYN afpxI bolI dI syvf krdf rhF.

hux qwk KLbrnfmf dI vYWb sfeIt nUM pfTk vyK cuwky hn

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