www.khabarnama.com  {Punjabi Newspaper Khabarnama Toronto} email: editor@khabarnama.com 


 

ਅਖ਼ਬਾਰ ਪੜ੍ਹਨ ਲਈ ਪੰਜਾਬੀ  ਫਾਂਟ ਇੱਥੋਂ ਡਾਊਂਨਲੋਡ ਕਰ

 

 

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Bfrq dI anfj nIqI aqy grIbI ryKf

-krm brst

sRImqI sonIaf gFDI dI agvfeI hyTlI rfsLtrI slfhkfr pRIsLd (nYk) kfPLI lMby smyN qoN Bfrq vfsIaF leI nvIN anfj nIqI GVx leI KOJl rhI hY. lyikn ies pRIsLd dIaF anykF mIitMgF dy bfvjUd vI gwl iksy isry nhIN lwg rhI. Bojn dy aiDkfr dI lVfeI lV rhIaF anykF jQybMdIaF ies msly nUM suprIm kort ivc ilaf cuwkIaF hn. ieh gwl sfbq ho cuwkI hY, ik hr sfl kroVF tn anfj Kuwly asmfn hyTF glsV jFdf hY. suprIm kort vwloN glsV rhy anfj df gMBIr noits ley jfx mgroN kyNdr srkfr nUM hlPLnfmf dfKLl krnf ipaf ik sfzy dysL ivc isrPL 7000 borIaF anfj hI brbfd hoieaf hY. dUjf ieh ikhf ik isrPL 1[77 kroV pirvfr grIbI ryKf qoN hyTF rih rhy hn. iesdf arQ hY ik pMj mYNbrI pirvfr dy ihsfb nfl isrPL 8[85 kroV lok Bfv mOjUdf abfdI df krIb 8 PIsdI lok hI grIb hn. qIjy pfsy ieh vI ikhf igaf ik idwlI vrgy sLihr ivc 17 rupey aqy pyNzU Kyqr ivc 11 rupey pRqI idn `qy gujLfrf krn vfly lok grIbI ryKf qoN Aupr df jIvn bsr kr rhy hn.

srkfr ieh Buwl hI geI ik AusdIaF afpxIaF alwg alwg kmytIaF hI 43 qoN 77 PIsdI lokF nUM grIbI dI ryKf qoN hyTF qslIm kr cuwkIaF hn. ies qwQ dI cIrPfV krn dI aqy iek hor qwQ vwl iDafn dyx dI loV hY. anfj nIqI bfry kOmFqrI Koj sMsQf vwloN 122 dysLF dy kIqy srvyKx ivc BuwKmrI dy sUck aMkF muqfbk Bfrq 64vyN sQfn qoN iqlk ky 67vyN sQfn `qy phuMc igaf hY. mnuwKI ivkfs dy sUck aMkF anusfr sfzf dysL 128 qoN 134vyN sQfn qwk iqlk igaf hY. ivkfs dy aihm sUckF ivc asIN cIn, pfiksqfn, sRIlMkf, BUtfn aqy bMglfdysL nfloN vI hyTF izwgy pey hF. Bfrq dy awT sUibaF dI hflq sb shfrn aPLrIkf dy sBqoN grIb 36 dysLF nfloN vI mfVI hY.

jdoN kyNdr df KLurfk mihkmf suprIm kort ivc gLlq aMkVy pysL kr irhf sI, qF AunHF idnF ivc hI pRYs ivc hirafxf dy iekwly isrsf ijLly aMdr hI bxI siQq gudfm ivc 170000 borIaF kxk gl jfx dI Kbr af geI. ieh gwl vI nsLr  ho cuwkI hY ik ies kxk nUM KwulI bolI rfhIN isrPL 94 pYsy pRqI iklo dy ihsfb nfl vycx df tYNzr pfs ho igaf hY. jykr iehI kxk vyly isr kyNdrI srkfr vwloN qjvIjLy jf rhy 35 iklo pRqI mhInf pRqI twbr dy ihsfb nfl vI ssqIaF qrF `qy vyc idwqI jFdI qF ies nfl grIbI dI ryKf qoN hyTF rihMdy 20238 pirvfrF nUM sfl Br df awDf anfj hfsl ho jfxf sI. ies hkIkq nfl pMjfb aqy bfkI sUibaF ivc huMdI anfj dI brbfdI df sihjy hI aMdfjLf lgfieaf jf skdf hY.

jdoN suprIm kort ny 12 agsq 2010 nUM aqy dubfrf 30 agsq nUM spsLt kIqf ik gudfmF ivc sV rhy anfj nUM grIbF ivc muPLq vMz idwqf jfvy qF, sfzy dysL dy pRDfn mMqrI nUM vI ieh hukm srkfr dy nIqIgq PYsilaF ivc dKLlaMdfjLI krnf lwigaf. AunHF dI dlIl sI, ik grIbI dI ryKf qoN hyTF rih rhI 43 PIsdI abfdI nUM muPLq anfj dyxf sMBv nhIN hY. pRMqU Auh ieh gwl Buwl gey ik AunHF dI srkfr ny cflU sfl dy iekwly bjt aMdr hI vwzIaF kMpnIaF nUM 500000 kroV rupey dy tYksF dI rfhq idwqI hY. AunHF dI vjLfrq ivc hI dUrsMcfr mihkmy df 177000 kroV rupey df Gplf sfhmxy afieaf hY. ienHF rkmF dy mukfbly ivc grIbF nUM idwqI jfx vflI 84399 kroV rupey dI anfjI irafieq afty ivc lUx dy smfn vI nhIN hY. pRDfn mMqrI ny qF 26 nvMbr nUM nYk dIaF isPLfrsF dI njLrsfnI  krn leI afpxI afrQk slfhkfr kONsl dy muKI sI[ rMgfrfjn dI agvfeI hyT iek mfihrF dI kmytI bxf idwqI hY. spsLt hY ik kNydr srkfr ies msly nUM kmytIaF dy gDIgyV ivc pfAuxf cfhuMdI hY, ikAuNik pihlF hI sMsd dI Auc qfkqI kmytI alwg qOr `qy ies ibl dI GoK ivc lwgI hoeI hY. irportF muqfbk ies gwl nUM lYky nYk dy keI mYNbrF ivc ros pYdf hoieaf hY. sMBv hY, ik nYk dI purfxI kmytI dy nfl hI kOmI anfj surwiKaf ibl df hI Bog pY jfvy.

asl ivc sfzy dysL ivc qF ajy grIbI ryKf dI koeI pRIBfsLf vI hoNd ivc nhIN af skI. ivsLv bYNk dy imafrF anusfr rojLfnf do zflr arQfq Bfrq dy sMDrB ivc krIb 90 rupey pRqI idn qoN Gwt afmdnI vfly lokF nUM grIbI dI ryKf qoN hyTF mMinaf jFdf hY. Bfrq ivc 1973-74 aMdr Auh lok grIb mMny gey ijnHF nUM sfry soimaF qoN pRqI idn 2400 kYlrI qoN Gwt vflI KLurfk hfsl huMdI sI. ies KLurfk dI kImq AudoN 49 rupey Bfv 6 amrIkI zflrF dy brfbr bxdI sI aqy Aus vyly dy imafrF muqfbk 56[4 PIsdI lok grIbI ryKf qoN hyTF rih rhy sn.  Pyr 2005 aMdr ies pRIBfsLf ivcoN pOsLitkqf dy PYktr nUM iqafg idwqf igaf aqy pRqI idn 12 rupey kmfAux vfly ivakqI nUM grIbI dI ryKf qoN bfhr kwZ idwqf igaf. idlcspI vflI gwl ieh hY, ik ienHF rupeIaF dI kImq isrPL 26 amrIkI pYNs bxdI sI. vfDy dI gwl ieh hoeI ik ienHF imafrF ivc bflx, kwpVf, ishq, iswiKaf aqy  sPLr dIaF shUlqF vI sLfml kr idwqIaF geIaF. bfad ivc kYlrIaF ivc vI ktOqI krky ienHF nUM pRqI idn pRqI jIa 1800 kr idwqf igaf. ies pYmfny nUM jykr 1973-74 dy sUck aMk nfl mylky dyiKaf jfvy qF vI Bfrq ivc 70 PIsdI lok grIbI dI ryKf qoN hyTF rihMdy hn. dUjy pfsy arjun syn gupqf kmytI muqfbk gYr jQybMd Kyqr dy 84 kroV lok pqI idn 20 rupey aqy ienHF ivcoN vI 49 kroV lok 12 rupey aqy bfkI dy 24 kroV lok 9 rupey pRqI idn `qy gujLfrf krdy hn. kul imlfky ienHF 77 PIsdI grIbF dI igxqI ajokIaF kImqF `qy 1973-74 dy pwDr qoN vI ijLafdf hY.

anfj leI muihMm clfAux vfly kfrjkrqfvF dy dbfa aDIn nYk ny srkfr sfhmxy do qjLvIjLF  rwKIaF sn. pihlI, dysL dy sBqoN grIb 150 ijLilaF dI insLfndyhI krky pyNzU Kyqr dI 80 PIsdI aqy sLihrI Kyqr dI 33 PIsdI abfdI nUM iqMn rupey pRqI iklo dI dr `qy 35 iklo kxk/cfvl pRqI mhInf muhweIaf krvfey jfx. dUjI, bfkI dy 490 ijLilaF ivc vsdy pyNzU Kyqr dy 42 PIsdI aqy sLihrI Kyqr dy 33 PIsdI grIbF nUM iehI irafieq idwqI jfvy. pyNzU Kyqr ivcly grIbI ryKf qoN Auprly pirvfrF nUM pMj qoN sfZy swq rupeyyyyy pRqI iklo dy ihsfb nfl 25 iklo anfj dI grMtI kIqI jfvy. KfD vjLfrq ny ieh dovyN qjLvIjLF hI Tukrf idwqIaF. AusdI dlIl sI ik pihlI qjLvIjL muqfbk 704 lwK tn aqy dUjI ivc 700 lwK tn anfj dI loV pvygI aqy ienHF Aupr kRmvfr 90264 kroV aqy 79181 kroV rupey df ivqI boJ pvygf. kyNdr srkfr pihlF hI 55578 kroV rupey dI slfnf anfj sbiszI dy rhI hY.

nYk ny hux ivc ivcfly df rfh kwZky kyNdr srkfr nUM do slfhF idwqIaF hn. pihlI, bI[ pI[ aYl[ aqy ey[ pI[ aYl[ dI msnUeI vMz KLqm krky jnqf nUM qrjLIhI aqy  afm abfdI ivc vMz ilaf jfvy. pihlI vMngI nUM 3 rupey pRqI iklo cfvl, 2 rupey pRqI iklo kxk aqy 1 rupey pRqI iklo jvfr/bfjry dy ihsfb nfl 35 iklo pRqI mhInf pRqI twbr aqy dUjI vMngI nUM srkfrI shfiek kImq `qy KrIdI ijxs nfloN awDy muwl `qy 20 iklo pRqI mhInf pRqI twbr anfj dy idwqf jfvy. ies smuwcy pRfjYkt leI 58 kroV kuieMtl anfj dI loV pvygI. anykF qruwtIaF vflI ies qjLvIjL nUM svIkfr krn ivc srkfr aMdroN sihmq nhIN hY, lyikn iesnUM ieh kOVf Guwt Brnf pY skdf hY, ikAuNik nYk dI cyarmYn sonIaf gFDI hY.

sfzy dysL ivc anfj dI asl siQqI kfPLI nfjLk hY. ipCly 10 sflF dOrfn anfj dI slfnf aOsq pYdfvfr 225-230 aqy srkfrI ajMsIaF vwloN kIqI jFdI KrId 50  kroV kuieMtl ivckfr ltk rhI hY. sfzy dysL ivc anfj df Auqpfdn vwDx dI bjfey Gt irhf hY. 1990-2000 ivckfr pRqI ivakqI anfj dI aOsq pYdfvfr 179 iklogRfm qoN Gtky 165 iklogRfm pRqI ivakqI aqy hfslqf 175 iklogRfm qoN Gtky 155[7 iklogRfm pRqI ivakqI rih geI hY. anfj dI hfslqf dy 1990-91 dy pYmfny anusfr vI pMj jIaF dy twbr leI 8[65 kuieMtl anfj cfhIdf hY, lyikn srkfr 75 PIsdI grIbF nUM kyvl 4[20 kuieMtl nfl hI sfrnf cfhuMdI hY. ies qrF qrjLIhI pirvfr nUM afpxy gujLfry leI jF qF awDf BuwKf rihxf pvygf jF KuwlI mMzI ivcoN anfj KrIdxf pvygf. iehdy ivcoN lokF leI pihlI qrjLIh vwD muafPLk rhygI, ikAuNik srkfr df mnrygf pRogrfm qF iek pirvfr nUM isrPL 100 idn df kMm dyx dI jLfmnI idMdf hY. ieh sBnF leI anfj aqy rujLgfr dy dovyN qrF dy sMivDfnk hwkF nfl mjLfk hY.

mOjUdf 110 kroV dI abfdI leI pihlF hI 160 kroV kuieMtl anfj dI kmI cwl rhI hY. jdoN AupjfAU jLmIn lgfqfr ivsLysL afrQk jLonF aqy sLihrIkrn dy nfm hyTF BoieM mfPLIey dI Byt cVH rhI hovy aqy srkfr vwloN KyqI ivc srkfrI invysL ndfrd ho jfvy qF anfjI pYdfvfr ivc igrfvt afAuxI aqy lokF dI vwzI bhuigxqI df BuwiKaF rihxf atwl hY. sfzy dysL ivc iehI kuwJ vfpr irhf hY. isrPL lMby smyN dIaF lok pwKI nIqIaF-BUmI suDfr knUMnF nUM lfgU krnf, jLmIn dI Auqpfdkqf vDfAux leI srkfrI pUMjI invysL ivc vfDf krnf aqy KyqI aqy anfjI vMz pRxflI dy mMzI imwqr mfzl nUM rwd krnf- nUM apxfky hI smwisaf nfl nijwiTaf jf skdf hY.

 

 


qfimlF dI hfr ivcoN kOmI lihrF leI sbk

 -krm brst

 

sRIlMkf ivc ipCly krIb pwcI sflF qoN, qfiml kOmIaq vloN ivwZy hoey KUnI sMGr df iek vfr qF aMq ho igaf hY. iksy vyly ieh sMGr aijhy nfuk dOr ivc  phuMc igaf sI, ik sRIlMkf dI srkfr byvws hoeI idKfeI idMdI sI. byvsI dy ies aflm ivc Auh Bfrq koloN POjI shfieqf dI mMg kr cuwkI sI aqy Bfrq ny ivMgy tyZy ZMgF nfl ieh mdd kIqI vI. iek smyN Bfrq srkfr dI hflq swp dy mUMh ivc kohV ikrlI` vflI  bx cuwkI sI. amn sYnf dI asPqf qoN bfad, dfavy nfl ikhf jfx lwg ipaf sI, ik  ieh sRIlMkf iksy qrHF dI iswDI POjI mdd nhIN dy skygI.  vwD qoN vwD  ieh qknIkI  slfh, jfxkfrI jF ivwqI mdd hI kr skdI hY. iblkul ievyN hI vfpiraf. iekwly Bfrq ny hI nhIN, sgoN amrIkf aqy iejrfiel dy jMgI mfhrF ny sFJy qOr qy sRIlMkfeI sYnf hr qrF dI jMgI isKlfeI hI nhIN sgoN hr qrF df  sUKm sfosmfn vI muhweIaf krvfieaf.

 

koeI wk nhIN ik iek vfrI qF ilbryn tfiegr afP qfiml eIlm (ilty) dI agvfeI hyTF cwl rhI vwKvfdI lihr, hiQafrbMd Gol dI AucyrI hflq ivc phuMc cuwkI sI. arQfq ieh Cfpfmfr lVfeI `coN inklky, afmo sfhmxy vflI pYr gwzvIN POjI  jMg ivc AulJ cuwkI sI. aijhI lVfeI ivc ilty vrgI POjI qOr qy kmor iDr df iQVk ky hfr jfxf lgBg incq huMdf hY. dUjf cMBlOt dI mfniskqf hfvI hox nfl afqm ivlyx krn dI aqy jQybMdI aMdr smUihk PYsly krn dI  rUh mr jFdI hY, arQfq ivakqIgq pUjf BfrU pY jfx nfl sMgq` df g Guwt idwqf jFdf  hY. qIjf, lV rhIaF kqIaF ivckfr smJOqy  dIaF sMBfvnfvF bhuq mwDm pY jFdIaF hn. vYsy vI jdoN smJOqy dI hflq sI, AudoN sRIlMkf dIaF cFBlIaF hoeIaF sfvnvfdI hfkm jmfqF ny, TIk idf vwl kdm nhIN puwwitaf. ieh kdm sRIlMkf  swcI muwcI  df PYzrl rfj bxf ky aqy qfimlF hkIkI  KudmuKqfrI  dy ky cuwikaf jf skdf sI.

 

Bfrq vFg sRIlMkf vI bsqIvfdI luwt aqy gulfmI  df ikfr irhf hY. solvIN  sdI ivc purqgflIaF ny  ies   afpxI bsqI bxf ilaf sI, Pyr zwcF ny kbf kr ilaf aqy aMq 1815 eIsvI ivc brqfnIaf ny, sRIlMkf zwcF koloN Koh ilaf. dUjI sMsfr jMg ivc kmor hoey brqfnIaF afpxIaF bsqIaF KflI krn leI mjbUr  hoxf ipaf. lyikn Auh  Bfrq vFg hI afpxy prKy hoey dlflF swqf soNpky prdy Auhly  ho igaf.  ies qrHF cfr PrvrI 1948 sRIlMkf iek afd` dy bx igaf aqy Ausy sfl dI bfeI meI   ies iek gxrfjI`` dy aYlfn idwqf igaf.

 

sRI lMkf ivc muwK krky  isMhlf aqy qfiml do kOmIaqF hn ijnHF dI vsoN  dI sMiKaf kRmvfr do kroV  aqy pYNqI  lwK dy krIb bxdI hY. spt hY ik isMMhlf kOmIaq, bhuq BfrU igxqI ivc hox krky , smfj dIaF afrQk smfjk rfjnIqk aqy siBafcfrk sfrIaF cUlF Aupr kfb hY. BfvyN ik sfry hI qIjI dunIaF dy dy, jo ik arD bsqIvfdI Xuwg df boJ Zoh rhy hn, ivc ieh koeI axhoxI Gtnf vI nhIN, Pyr vI sRIlMkf vrgy do kOmI dy ivc, ieh smwisaf  do kfrnF  krky gMBIr bx cuwkI hY.

 

pihlF, isMhlf kOmIaq Drm pwKoN boDI hY, jdoN ik qfiml ihMdU hn aqy vsoN pwKoN  GwtigxqI ivc hn. dUsrf, BfrqI hfkm jmfqF ny afpxIaF psfrvfdI nIqIaF sdkf , guaFZI dyF kuwtx aqy XrkfAux leI, AuhnF dyF dy aMdrUnI ivroDF hvf hI nhIN idwqI, blik ilty dy mfmly ivc qF POjI tRyinMg aqy hiQafr vI splfeI kIqy sn. ies dy nfl hI juVdf aihm pihlU, sRIlMkf dy qfiml bhuigxqI vfly ielfikaF dI , BfrqI rfjF dy qfiml bhuigxqI  vfly qfimlnfzU nfl BUgoilk nyVqf hY. aijhI nyVqf kyvl nYiqk shfieqf df aDfr hI nhIN huMdI, sgoN pdfrQk Bfv jfnI aqy mflI shfieqf ivc vI bdl jFdI hY. kihx dI loV nhIN ik ieh PYktr hI sI, jo BfrqI hfkmF dy sMG ivc kMzy vFg Pisaf  irhf hY.

 

BfrqI hfkmF vloN iksy smyN ilty bfgIaF dI mflI , sYink aqy nYiqk shfieqf aqy dUsry mOky `qy aKOqI FqI sYnf Byj ky iesdf lwk qoVn dI  koi, kyvl gOx, bfhrI vrqfry hI sn. ilty dI asl qfkq qF sRIlMkf dI qfiml kOmIaq dI afm jnqf hY. ilty qF iek mwCI dI inaFeI rhI hY, jo qfiml jnqf dy smuMdr ivc qYr rhI hY. ijAuN hI ieh mwCI aqy pfxI vflf irqf tuwitaf, ilty Kqm krn ivc  Borf vI dyr nhIN lwgygI. Bfrq srkfr sRIlMkf dI kI aqy ikho ijhI  mdd krdI hY, ies df AuQoN dI qfiml smwisaf `qy koeI buinafdI pRBfv nhIN pvygf, ikAuNik bfhrI PYktr iksy msly kyvl Gtf jF vDf skdy huMdy hn. AuhnF df hkIkI hwl qF hfsl smfj jF msly dI pRDfn ivroDqfeI dy sulJx nfl hI hoxf huMdf hY.

 

qfiml kOmIaq bnfm isMhlf kOmIaq dy mfmly ivc pRDfn ivroDqfeI ikhVI ho skdI hY. ijvyN ik pihlF ikr kIqf igaf hY ik isMhlf kOmIaq smfj dIaF sfrIaF cUlF Aupr kfb hY. qfiml ingUxI Gwt igxqI ivc hox krky, AuhnF dI Bff, siBafcfr aqy kOmI pihcfx koeI mfnqf nhIN idwqI geI. BrmfAU  vfaidaF dfaivaF dy bfvjUd vI ieho  hflq brkrfr hY. isMhlI Bff   srkfrI mfnqf imlI hoeI hY aqy isMhlIaF df Drm hI srkfrI Drm bixaf hoieaf hY. ivzMbnf qF ieh vI hY ik buwD Drm , ijs df buinafdI cirwqr aihMsf` mMinaf jFdf hY, kiQq qOr `qy mMnx vflIaF sRIlMkf dIaF hfkm jmfqF  Gor ihMsf df shfrf  lY rhIaF hn.

 

swcI gwl qF ieh hY ik qfiml jnqf burI qrF kuwitaf aqy luwitaf igaf hY. swc qF ieh vI hY ik afm isMhlI  jnqf vI luwt aqy kuwt df ikfr hY. lyikn ieh AuhnF afm vrqfiraF  vFg hY, jo gYr brfbrI  vfly aqy ox aqy jbr vfly smfjF ivc huMdy hn. lyikn qfiml jnqf ivckfr ox aqy kOmI dfby dI coB aqy iwdq hY. iek roh aqy ros hY. Aus df mMqkI iswtf iek KUnI hiQafrbMd sMGr ivc hI inklxf sI. ies hoxI koeI nhIN tfl skdf sI aqy nf hI tflI  jf skI. so qfiml kOmIaq hiQafr cuwkxy pey. iswtf sB dy sfhmxy hY.

 

1948 ivc sRIlMkf ivc hoeI swqf bdlI vyly qfiml kOmIaq  sMivDfn ivc koeI aihmIaq nhIN idwqI geI. qfimlF dy kOm pRsq afgUaF ny AudoN hI mihsUs krnf urU kr idwqf sI, ik jykr AuhnF dy ihwqF iDafn ivc nf rwiKaf igaf qF AuhnF dI kOmI pihcfx Kqrf pYdf hoxf XkInI hY.  urU dy swq awT sfl qfiml jnqf cyqMn krn aqy lok rfie bxfAux ivc lwg gey. agsq 1956 ivc, ietkf` ny afpxIaF mMgF sMGr dI Tos rUp  ryKf ibafnidaF, sRIlMkf aMdr PYzrl ZFcy  dI gwl kIqI, ijs ivc qfimlF leI KyqrI KudmuKqfrI , qfiml Bff isMhlf Bff dy brfbr df ruqbf aqy qfiml vsoN  vfly ielfikaF  ivc, rfjkI puqpnfhI aDIn  gYr qfimlF df vsybf bMd krfAux ijhIaF mMgF fml hn. ienHF  mMgF pUrf krfAux  leI ietkf ny nfPurmfnI aMdoln CyVn dI DmkI vI idwqI. PYzryn dI gwl krn vflI ietkf` bfad ivc PYzrl pfrtI  vjoN jfixaf jFdf irhf. ies PYzrl  pfrtI dy jbrdsq dbfE sdkf  26 julfeI 1957 , AudoN dy pRDfn mMqrI  aYs[zbilAU[afr[ zI[ BMzfrnfieky, aqy qfiml nyqf vI[cylvfnfiekm ivckfr iek smJOqf shIbMd hoieaf. lyikn Kud BMzfrnfiek vwloN hI ies smJOqy dI inKq hI pfV idwqf igaf.

 

Bfrq dI dKlaMdfI nfl 29 julfeI 1987 rfjIv gFDI aqy jYvrDny ivckfr iek hor smJOqf hoieaf. ies   lfgU krfAux leI Bfrq vloN amn sYnf``  vI ByjI geI, ies smJOqy df jo hr hoieaf aqy rfjIv gFDI inwjI rUp ivc ies dI jo kImq cukfAuxI peI, iksy itwpxI dI muQf nhIN. bfad ivc nfrvy dI ivcolgI nfl keI qrF dy smJOqy hoey aqy ilwty vwK vwK qrF dIaF pykF huMdIaF rhIaF, lyikn gwl iksy vI qx pwqx nhIN lwgI.

 

11 sqMbr 2001 amrIkf ivc hoey dihqI hmly qoN bfad dunIaF Br df muhFdrf hI bdl cuwikaf hY. lfmI sI ik bdl rhy kOmFqrI rfjsI idR ivwc ilwty vI vwKrI qrF dy mfhOl nfl nijwTnf pYxf sI. ZfeI dhfikaF qoN cwl rhy qfimlF dy hiQafrbMd sMGr df kuwJ mhIinaF aMdr hI hfr jfxf, kOmIaqF dIaF lihrF leI bhuq vwzy svfl KVy krdf hY. ajoky sfmrfjI dOr ivc vwzI qoN vwzI kOmI lihr vI hfr jfx leI srfpI hoeI huMdI hY, ikAuNik kOmI irafsqF dI AusfrI df svfl pUMjIvfd dI pihlI cVHq nfl hI inbV igaf sI. kOmIaqF dIaF lIzripF kol koeI ivvivafpI idRtIkoox nf hox krky aqy dUjf sfmrfjI dOr ivc aKOqI kOmI rfjF df itkfa sMBv nf hox sdkf, kOmIaqF dI lIzrip sMGr hkIkI mukqI qwk nhIN iljf skdI. nvjmhUrI smfj dI sQfpnf dI AusfrI ivc lwgIaF qfkqF hI kOmI svfl df sdIvI hwl kr skdIaF hn.

 


cskybf  rfjnIqI ivc AulJy mwDvrgI lok

-krm brst

 

sfmrfjI sMsQfvF dy iefiraF qy clfey jFdy ivkfs mfzlF ny Kfs krky 1990ivaF qoN bfad qF lokF dI imwJ kwZ ky rwK idwqI hY. jl, jMgl, mIn Bfv dy dy kudrqI mfl Kfny sfmrfjI sMsQfvF aqy AuhnF  dy dlflF dy hwQF ivc jf rhy hn. ivkfs mfzlF dy AujfVy lokF kol ikDry vI jfx df rfh nhIN bicaf. Auh mr rhy hn jF ihrF dIaF gMdIaF bsqIaF ivc nrkI jIvn ijAuN rhy hn. dy dI KyqI AujV rhI hY, pYdfvrI snaq brbfd ho geI hY. hflq ieh hY ik KyqI ivcly AujfVy ny snaq hulfrf nhIN idwqf aqy snaqI ivkfs nf hox krky lokF rugfr nhIN iml sikaf. hflq ieh bx geI hY ik dy dI kuwl GrylU pYdfvfr ivc msF cOQy ihwsy df Xogdfn pfAux vflf KyqI  sYktr kuwl abfdI dy 65 PIsdI ihwsy  sFBI bYTf hY. afm lokfeI kol lybr cOkF ivc rulx, bIVIaF dy KoKy lfAux jF sbI mMzIaF ivc  BUMjy bih ky  rofnf 10 qoN 20 iklo qwk df vpfr krn  qoN ibnF hor koeI cfrf nhIN bicaf.

 

ies vyly jdoN Bfrq dy mhfn` aKOqI lokqMqr  dy 60vyN vrHy ivc pYr rwK cuwikaf hY, qF aijhy svfl AuTxy  lfmI hn ik asIN scmuwc hI iksy pkyry afd dy dy vfsI bx gey hF  jF ajy vI brqfnvIN gulfmI vrgI iksy  pMjflI dy jUly hyTF krfh rhy hn. 15 agsq hovy jF 26 jnvrI qF sfzy dy dy cotI  dy do nyqf  pRDfn mMqrI aqy rftrpqI vfro vfrI Brosf idvFAuNdy af rhy hn ik Plfxy sMn qwk grIbI cuwkI jfvygI, iZmky sMn qwk sfry lokF iviwdaf aqy ishq dIaF shUlqfvF iml jfxgIaF. aYny sflF dy df afriQk ivkfs do ihMdisaF qoN Aupr clf jfvygf aqy Plfxy sMn qwk asIN  dunIaF dI mhF kqI bxn dy nyVy phuMc jfvFgy.  pqf nhIN ikMnI ku vfrI 10-10 sflF dy vkPy dIaF ivkfs XojnfvF  bx cuwkIaF hn, lyikn aKOqI afdI  dy 62 sflF dy bfad vI lokF dIaF smwisaFvF  pihlF nfloN ikqy vwD AulJ geIaF hn.

 

aijhIaF mMdIaF hflqF ivc jdoN dy dy hfkmF aqy hfkm jmfqI  pfrtIaF smyq hr iksm dIaF sMsdI pfrtIaF vwl nr mfrI jFdI hY qF AuhnF kol afm jnqf dy buinafdI muwidaF df ikr krn df ivhl` hI nhIN hY. hfkmF pqf hY ik hfl dI GVI lokF kol qkVy buinafdI bdl dI Gft hY. ies leI AuhnF ny Auqr kfto mYN cVF` dI Kyz jfrI rwKI hoeI hY . vMn suvMny hfkmF ieh pqf hY ik lokF kol AuhnF kolo bdlf lYx df ieko iek vwD qoN vwD bdl, hr pMj sflF bfad vot prcI pfky hfkmF dy JMzy df rMg bdl dyx qwk sImq  hY aqy lok ies qrIky nfl afpxy guwsy aqy inrfqf df pRgtfvf vI krdy hn. iesy krky hfkm jmfqI pfrtIaF ny vfro vfrI hkUmq krn df ailKqI smJOqf kIqf hoieaf hY.

 

 iksy vI  rfjnIqk pfrtI kol lokF dyx leI kuJ vI nvF nhIN hY. sfry nfary aqy lfry Tuws hoky rih gey hn. ies leI koeI axhoxI gwl nhIN jykr lok afpxIaF votF bdly pYsy vI lY lYNdy hn aqy dfrU BuwkI vI Cwk Cwzdy hn. ieh vI  vMn suvMnI dy hfkmF koloN bdlf lYx df iek gYr srgrm ZMg hI hY. aijhI ivafpk jnqk inrff aqy bdnI dI hflq ivc isafsI nyqfvF ny afpxI hoNd kfiem rwKx df aqy lokF, Kfs krky mwDvrgI cskybf ivakqIaF  dy mnorMjn leI bVy sOKy aqy ssqy qrIky eIjfd kIqy hoey hn. pMjfb dy iksy  sfbkf muwK mMqrI dy iksy pfiksqfnI aOrq nfl sbMDF U ctKfry lYky proisaf jFdf hY jF hirafxy dy Aup muwK mMqrI  vloN Drm bdlI krky dUjf ivafh rcfAux dI Gtnf vfr vfr isMgfr  ky py kIqf jFdf hY.  hfkm iDr vloN ivroDIaF Aupr do cfr kys mVH idwqy jFdy hn aqy jdoN ivroDIaF dI vfrI afAuFdI hY qF ieho islislf sfbkf hfkmF dy iKlfP urU ho jFdf hY. ibnF pYsf Krc kIiqaF lokF df mnorMjn cldf rihMdf  hY.

 

asl ivc gwl ies hfkmI qmfy qoN ikqy vwD  zUMGI aqy gMBIr hY. AuproN idsdy ies mnorMjnI qmfy dy Ehly hfkm pfrtIaF ieho ijhIaF nIqIaF  lfgU krdIaF  rihMdIaF hn, ijhnF df afm lokfeI dy BivwK nfl gihrf srokfr huMdf hY.  imsfl ivc jdoN  bfdlI jF kYptnI  hkUmq  afpxy ivroDIaF dy cirwqr df prdfPf , ibjlI dy ibwlF dI muafPI vrgIaF lok luBfAU skImF pfs kr rhIaF huMMdIaF hn, qF Auh cuwp cupIqy hI ivv bYNk dy iefiraF `qy srkfrI Kyqr dIaF ividak aqy ishq sMsQfvF dI arQI iqafr kr rhIaF huMdIaF hn. hr iksm dIaF buinafdI shUlqF df inwjIkrn krky kuwJ chyqIaF kMpnIaF mflfmfl krn dy PYsly lY rhIaF huMdIaF hn . pMjfb ivc vwzy vwzy mYgf pRfjYktF  qoN supr  Qrml ibjlI  plftF, biTMzy dy bws awzy ey[ sI[ bnfAux qoN lYky sMsfr pwDr dy ikRkt styzIam dI  AusfrI dIaF gwlF dy Ehly , ibjlI borz dy inwjIkrn , tol plfijaF, tRFsport aqy kybl nYtvrkF `qy kby dIaF godF guMdIaF jf rhIaF huMdIaF hn. jF afpxy PrjMd muwK mMqrI bnfAux leI joV qoV kIqy jf rhy huMdy hn. jdoN afm jnqf swcy  sOdy vfilaF  dy iKlfP BVkfieaf jf irhf huMdf hY qF qyl soDk kfrKfny  iksy lkmI imwql vrgy Dnkubyr vycx  jF supr  Qrml  plftF leI  iksfnF dIaF mInF kOzIaF dy Bfa KrIdx dI ivAuNq bx rhI huMdI hY.

 

lokF BrmfAux aqy AulJfAux leI nOkrfhI , inaFpfilkf aqy  mIzIaF smyN dy hfkmF nfl pUrI qrF iGE iKcVI huMdy hn. vfrdfq bfad ivc vfprnI huMdI hY lyikn ibjleI  mIzIaf dy lok pihlF phuMcy huMdy hn. mOjUdf ivvsQf ieMnI inwGr cuwkI hY ik ies ivvsQf Kud  hI afpxy afp bcfky rwKx leI iksy krnl puroihq, iksy inrml Xfdv  vrgI jwj jF iksy sfjI mohn vrgy Auc pulIs aiDkfrI jF pwpU Xfdv vrgy bfhUblI rfjnyqfvF dy iKlfP kfnI kfrvfeIaF krn df pKMz krnf pYNdf hY. qmfbIn BIV aijhI rfjnIqk srks dy adfkfrF leI KuI ivc qfVIaF vjfAuFdI . ivvsQf pUry or nfl hwsdI hoeI bfGIaF pfAuFdI dwsdI hY, lok vI mMqr mugD ho rhy huMdy hn, lyikn aMdro aMdrI ivvsQf qfkq dy tIky  lwg rhy huMdy hn. ieh vI Ku aqy Auh vI Ku. ies qrF jdoN AuhnF mDvrgI lokF rfjnIqk srks dy murId bxf ilaf jFdf hY, ijhnF ny kihMdy hn ik lok rfey iqafr krnI huMdI hY qF ivvsQf leI koeI Kqrf nhIN rihMdf.

 

Auprlf mDvrg qF vYsy hI pCwmI jIvn YlI  df ies kdr murId bx cuwikaf hY ik AuhnF  jfrj bu dI pfrtI dI hfr  ivcoN afpxI hfr idKfeI dyx lwgdI hY. ies dy df pRDfn mMqrI jdoN afksPorz XUnIvrsnI ivc jfky aMgryF dI  ies gwl leI qfrIP krdf hY ik AuhnF ny ieQy do so sfl rih ky BfrqIaF qihjIb  aqy ivkfs df mfrg idKfieaf hY qF dlfl hfkmF dIaF cuMGxIaF `qy pl rhI muwTI Br jmfq  KIvI ho ho jFdI hY. jdoN pUrI dunIaF dy dwby ilqfVy lok jfrj bu iPtkfrF dy rhy huMdy hn qF Bfrq df aKOqI buwDImfn aqy dlfl pRDfn mMqrI Aus Bfrq df sB qoN vwzf imwqr` dws irhf huMdf hY. isvfey ienklfbI jmhUrI lokF aqy muslm jgq dy ikDry vI amrIkI sfmrfj df srgrm ivroD idKfeI nhIN idMdf. Aultf ivroD jfhr krn vfly dysDRohI  idKfeI idMdy hn. kihx df Bfv hY ik mOjUdf  rfjnIqI ivc hfkm aqy  ivroDI iDr  dI BUimkf ivc koeI aMqr hI nhIN irhf. muwTI Br  kfrporytI Grfxy jdoN jIa cfhy iksy vI pfrtI jF lIzr afpxy kwtV ivroDI nfl glvkVI puaf skdy hn jF afpxy aiq nyVly  nfloN vwK krf skdy hn. ihMd amrIkf pRmfxUM smJOqy vyly ies vrqfry lok afpxIaF awKF nl spt dyK cuwky hn.

 

muMbeI ivc hoeI 26 nvMbr dI Gtnf  qoN bfad qF lokF dy buinafdI muwdy ijvyN hmyf leI  kbr ivc dwby gey hox.  Bfrq dIaF hfkm jmfqF ny iklHwx dI hwd qwk jMgI jn  BVkfAux  dI koi kIqI hY. iksy ny pUry POjI hmly dI, iksy ny amrIkf aqy ierfiel dI qr `qy coxvyN jMgI itkfixaF  `qy hmly dI aqy jy hor nhIN qF pfiksqfn jf rhy isMD, jyhlm aqy JnF dy pfxIaF hI zwk lYx dIaF DmkIaF dy mfrIaF hn. byk pfiksqfn dy hfkmF vloN  Ausy iksm dy moVvyN ibafn afey hn, lyikn BfrqI hfkmF aqy mIzIey ny qF aiqvfd dI afV hyTF  muslmfnF dy iKlfP iPrkU ihr AUglx ivc koeI ksr nhIN CwzI. Gwt igxqIaF dy msilaF bfry kyNdrI mMMqrI  ey[ afr [ aMquly dy ibafn lY ky hr iksm dy ihMdU jnIaF  vloN sMsd aqy ies dy bfhr  cuwikaf igaf AuWDmUl iksy jMgI PqUr nfloN Gwt nhIN sI. prMqU jdoN sMsd ivc quwC muwidaF `qy  ieh KVduMb mwc irhf sI, qF Ausy vyly isr awT imMtF aMdr hI 17 nvyN kfn pfs kr idwqy jF purfixaF ivc hor vI lok ivroDI soDF kr idwqIaF geIaF. Bfrq dI fndfr jmhUrIaq`` dy ieiqhfs ivc kfn pfs krn dI qfbI dI aijhI  imsfl nhIN imldI.

 

ies hmly ivc kuwJ amrIkIaF dy mfry jfx nfl ijvyN amrIkf dI KuPIaf eyjMsI PYzrl ibAuro  Bfrq ivc KuwlH Kyzx dI afigaf idwqI geI hY, AusqoN spt ho jFdf hY ik BfrqI hfkmF ny iks hwd qwk dy amrIkf df nvF gulfm bxf Diraf hY. kuwJ ku bdyIaF dy mfry jfx `qy qF hfkmF ny ipwt isafpf kIqf hY , lyikn hmly ivc mfry gey 45 qoN vwD muslmfnF df koeI ikr krn vI iqafr nhIN hY. hflF ik iksy iek vI bygunfh dI mOq dI dwbky inMdf kIqI jfxI bxdI hY , lyikn rylvy styn `qy mfry ivakqIaF dI bjfey ijvyN qfj jF nfrImn hfAUs ivc mry bdyIaF dI mOq qy isafsI kIrny pfey gey hn,  Auh BfrqI hfkmF dy dMB hI nMgf krdy hn. Bfrq ivc rofnf hI sYNkVy lok lfielfj  bImfrIaF, tfly jfx vfly hfdisaF aqy kupon  df ikfr hoky mrdy hn. pRMqU ijvyN muMbeI  dI Gtnf lYky hoCI  rfjnIqI aqy guaFZI  dy ivruwD pRfpygMzf kIqf igaf hY, AusqoN fhr hY ik dy dy hfkmF leI lokF dy muwdy koeI srokfr nhIN rwKdy. Aultf ies hmly dI afV lYky ijvyN ieko swty   kOmI KuPIaf  eyjMsI aqy tfzf, potf  qoN vI vwDky gYr kfnI kfrvfeIaF rokx  leI soiDaf hoieaf kfn`` bxfieaf igaf hY, ieh rfjkI qMqr dy dMdy iqwKy  krn dI hI koi hY.

 

awj ivv ivafpI mMdI dy dOr ivc BfrqI jnqf hor vwD luwtI aqy ilqfVI jfx leI srfpI geI hY. quwC muwidaF dI rfjnIqI rfhIN ies jnqf iek pfsy BuclfAux dI aqy dUjy pfsy jnqk ivroD iPrkU vMzIaF pfky qoVx aqy kfly kfnF rfhIN  nrVx dI guMfie  keI guxf vwD geI hY. ies leI lokF shI idf ivc qorn leI mmybf aqy srksI rfjnIqI dy pMjy qoN bcfAuxf bhuq rUrI hY. mwDvrgI cskybf vrg dy mnorMjn dI rfjnIqI lokF dy pYrF dI byVI hY. aijhI rfjnIqI dy prdy Ehly  KyzI jf rhI  luwt aqy dmn dI Kyz U nMgf krn nfl hI lokF dI cyqnf df pwDr Aucf kIqf jf skdf hY.

 

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ksfnF dI kMgflI ivc KyqI kriaF dI BUimkf

lMby smyN dy sDfrx ivafj vfly kriaF dI loV

-krm brst

         

          Bfrq ivc iksfnF  dIaf afqmhwiqafvF  bfdsqUr jfrI hn. pRDfn mMqrI qo lYky sUbfeI afgUaF  qwk JUTI hmdrdI idKfAux qo vwD kuJ vI krn jogy nhI hn. asl ivc Auh ies iBafnk sMkt tfkIaF  lgfky hwl krnf cfhuMdy hn, ijhVf ik asl ivc iqwKy nqr dI mMg krdf hY. dy dy anykF BfgF ivc KyqI krijaF Aupr lIk mfrn dI avfj AuWT rhI hY.kyNdr srkfr ny dwKxI rfjF dy kuwJ BfgF ivc rfhq dyx df pKMz vI kIqf hY, ijhVf ik asl ivc shfieqf dy nfm hyTF AuhnF hor vwD krjfeI krn dy kMm af irhf hY.Kud kyNdrI srkfr dy aMkiVaF muqfbk hI dys Br aMdr iek lwK qoN vwD lok krijaF dy boJ sdkf KudkuIaF kr cuwky hn.

          Bfjpf dI agvfeI vflI sfbkf kOmI jmhUrI gTjoV dI srkfr vwloN 2000 ivc lfgU kIqI rftrI KyqI nIqI Bfrq dy ieiqhfs ivwc iek nvF moV ibMdU hY. ieh nIqI qy rPqfr qknIk dy Xuwg ivwc Bfrq aMdr ho rhI ikrq-aDfrq KyqI bykfr mMndI hY.iesdI dlIl hY ik CotI iksfnI KyqI leI loNVIdf pUMjI invy  nhIN jutf skdI.dUjf KyqI AuproN Bfr GtfAux dI loV hY. ieh swc hY ik afDuink qknflojI dI vrqoN lfmI qOr qy pUMjI invy dI mMg krdI hY, ijhVf ik iksfn kol nhIN hY aqy nf hI srkfr kol hY. ieh imQ ilaf igaf hY ik hux DnkubyrF hI KyqI dy ivkfs dI ijMmyvfrI EtxI cfhIdI hY. 'mIn hlvfhk dI' aqy BUmI suDfrF dI gwl vylf ivhf cuwkI hY. dy dy hfkmF df kOmI ajMzf sfP qy spt bdF ivc KyqI df ingmIkrn krnf rih igaf hY.

          swtf pUMjI dy ies nvyN dOr ivc KyqI leI krf imlxf nf kyvl dyKx sOKf lwgdf hY, sgoN idKfvy pwKoN ssqf vI hY. vpfr aqy snaq dy mukfbly ivc KyqI leI ivaf dIaF drF ivc BfrI irafieq idKfeI idMdI hY, lyikn ieh Aupro idsdI irafieq iewk aYsI gl-PrfhI hY, ijhVI hkIkq ivwc qbfhI ilafAux vflI hY. bYNkF dI sQfpnf vpfr aqy snaq kry dyx leI kIqI geI sI. pYsy Auqy imrq ivafj afm vrqfry vjoN svIkfr kr ilaf igaf hY.lyikn KyqI df ivkfs pYtrn vpfr aqy snaq dy ivkfs nflo isqI qOr qy vwKrf hY . ies leI isrP sDfrn ivaf df pRbMD hI buinafdI qOr qy jYivk suBfa vflI KyqI dy anukUl ho skdf hY .

                    BfrqI iksfnF leI pihlF hkIkI sMkt, mIn Aupr nkd lgfn df Qoipaf jfxf sI. ieh ieMnf iafdf sI ik kuwl pYdfvfr df iqMn-cOQfeI jF ies qoN vwD vI, iksfn vwloN tYks Brn leI vycxf pYxf sI . hnHyrgrdI dy ies dOr ivwc fhUkfrF ny mnmrjI dy imrq ivaf Qopy .aMgryjI hkUmq vyly dy kfl` kimnF dIaF pVqflF df incoV hI ieh sI ik iksfn kry ivwc jMmdf hY, kry ivc ijAuNdf hY aqy kry ivwc mrdf hY`. ies cI dy byprd ho jfx nfl sfmrfjI rfj ny iksfnF kry pRdfn krn dI iMmyvfrI sMBfl leI. mIn suDfr krf aYkt-1883 aqy hlvfhkF leI krf aYkt-1883 vrgy do nvyN kfn pfs kIqy gey. ivaf dI dr 4 PIsdI slfnf dy anusfr sDfrn sI. ieh kfn awj vI ivDfn-pRxflI df ihwsf hn.

          KyqI ivwc invy krn aqy Aus ivwco lfB hfsl krn dI pRikiraf iek bhuq hI jom Biraf aqy lMbf smf mMnky, aMgryF ny iesy leI qkfvI kfnF ivwc krf vfps krn df  smF GwtoGt 35 sflF df mMinaf sI. lyikn hux afd dy dy aijhy spt kfn vI KyqI leI krf dyx vflIaF sMsQfvF dy pRbMDkF ny pUrI qrHF axizwT kIqf hY. AunHF dy iKafl ivc lMby smyN dy KyqI kry dI vD qo vwD sImf 8-10 sfl kfPI hY. mIn dy suDfr, isMcfeI afid ivwc lgfAux leI QoVHy smyN df aijhf krf, iksfn vwloN JwlIaF jFdIaF (kudrqI) byXkInIaF dy snmuwK afpxy afp ivwc hI Aus brbfd krn leI kfPI hY ikAuNik invy aqy Aus qoN munff vsUlI df ivckfrlf smf (jYstyn pIrIaz) bhuq iafdf lMbf huMdf hY. lyikn jdoN ieh krf imrq ivaf vflf hovy qF iksfn dI brbfdI mukMml aqy ibnf iksy lwg lpyt dy hox leI srfpI jFdI hY . ies leI iksfnF vwlo kIqIaF jFdIaF KudkuIaF ikvyN vI hYrfnI df sbwb nhIN ho skdIaF. bhuigxqI iksfnF leI KyqI iek GftyvMdf sOdf bx cuwkI hY, ikAuik dy dy 80 PIsdI iksfnF dI vfhI pMj eykVF qo Gwt hY, ijhVI ik pUMjI-prDfn KyqI dy ies Xug ivc puwg nhI skdI. iksfnF dIaF KudkuIaF krf pRbMD dy jmHf-joV df atwl nqIjf hn.

        KyqI kry leI afdr kOmI nIqI qkfvI kfnF ivc CupI hoeI hY, ijhVy ik ajy vI lfgU hn. Auh spt qOr `qy styt AuWpr KyqI kry dyx dI iMmyvfrI afied krdy hn. kfrn bVf spt hY, ik vpfr aqy snaq dI mdd krn leI KVHf kIqf bYikMg pRbMD, afpxy muwZly cirwqr ivc hI, KyqI kry dyx dI ijMmyvfrI nhIN Et skdf. qkfvI kfnF aMdr drj KyqI krf nIqI dIaF rqF ivc iqMn muwZly qwq -- imrq ivaf dI mnfhI, 4 PIsdI slfnf dI dr qoN Gwt vflf sfDfrn ivaf aqy  lMby smyN dy pIVHIvfr cOKty aMdr vsUlI--mOjUd hn. Bfrq dy sfhUkfrf krf aYkt ny 1918 ivc iesy nIqI cOKty lfgU kIqf. ieh kfn sUdKorI dI pRIBff nhIN idMdf, lyikn adflqF ieh kqIaF idMdf hY ik Auh hryk kys dI smuwcI hflq iDafn ivwc rwKdy hoey, ieh PYslf krn ik ivaf dI dr jF kul rkm ikqy iafdf qF nhIN? bhuq sfry adflqI PYsilaF ny KyqI kry iek ivy vMngI vwloN mMinaf hY. sUdKorI nfl sbMDq bhuq sfry adflqI PYsilaF ny KyqI kry nfl ivy slUk kIqf hY. bhuq sfry mfmilaF ivc imrq ivaf ainafeIN/byloVf grdfinaf igaf hY.

          sUdKorI df Kfqmf, afdI dI lihr df iek ainwKVvf aMg sI. sfl 1937 ivwc bhuq sfry sUibaF dIaF cuxIaF hoeIaF pihlIaF ivDfn sBfvF (smyq pMjfb dy) aMdr, sUdKorI ivroDI kn pfs kIqy gey, ijhnF ivc spt kIqf igaf ik ivaf dI kul dyxdfrI mUlDn qoN vwD nhIN ho skdI aqy imrq ivaf dy sfry smJOqy njfie hn aqy mUlDn qoN vfDU AugrfhI geI ivaf dI rkm vI Yr kfnI hY. ies qoN vI vDky, iehnF DfrfvF dI AulMGxf dMzXog aprfD bxfky, iek sfl qwk dI sf dI ivvsQf kIqI geI. lyikn dIvfnI jylH dI kropI anykF sUibaF, fs krky AuqrI Bfrq ivwc jfrI rhI.

          1939 dy ibhfr dy fhUkfrI kfn dI ajy isafhI vI nhIN suwkI sI ik ibhfr dy gvrnr ny ieh dlIl dyky, ik ieh sMsQfvF inXmF muqfbk vhI-Kfqy bxfky rwKdIaF hn jF iehnF bYNkF ivc ipaf pYsf afm lokF dIaF bwcqF df huMdf hY, ieMpIarl bYNk qoN lY ky sihkfrI sBfvF qwk , ies kfn dy dfiery ivcoN bfhr kr idwqf. qqkflI gvrnr vwloN kIqf aprfD smJ ivc afAux vflf hY, ikAuik Auh sfmrfjI ihwqF df rKvflf sI. lyikn Aus vyly dy gvrnr vwloN kIqI geI ieh  kfrvfeI, afd Bfrq ivc vI kfiem rhy, gwl jwcdI nhI. 

                    lyikn hry ienklfb dy dOr ivwc aiq pUMjI-muwKI KyqI dI urUafq nfl KyqI kry dIaF loVF ivc byumfr vfDf hoieaf hY. ies leI srkfr ny sfry hI KyqrF ivc qkfvI rIey iswDy KyqI kry dyx dI nIqI qoN lgBg hwQ bfhr iKwc ilaf. bYNkF pyNzU Kyqr ivc kfrj krn dI hdfieq dy idwqI aqy bYikMg pRxflI aDIn, sihkfrI qfxy-bfxy ivfl bxf idwqf igaf.Bfrq dy irrv bYNk vwlo 1972 ivc vpfrk bYNkF Byjy afpxy srkUlr ivc slfh idwqI geI ik Auh moVfeI dy smyN ies qrHF qYa krn jdoN iksfnF ko pYsf mOjUd hovy.iesdf mqlb sI ik iksfnF kol hryk Psl qo bfad pYsf huMdf hY, ies leI kry dI moVfeI vI Psl-dr- Psl hoxI cfhIdI hY. vsUlI nf hox dI sUrq ivc ivaf mUlDn ivwc joiVaf jf skdf hY.

         kfnF dI rwdobdl nf styt aqy fhUkfrF dI BUimkf qbdIl ho geI hY. bYNk adflq ivc jfey qoN ibnf hI, gihxy peI jfiedfd AuWpr kbjf kr skdy hn. ieh ilHf mYijstryt mdd leI swd skdy hn. sfzy sfhmxy iek aijhy vpfrI df idR hY ijs dy iek hwQ ivc lfTI aqy dUsry hwQ ivc iensf dI qwkVI PVI hoeI hY. vpfrI, pulIs aqy jwj iewko bMdy ivc smfey hoey hn. ieh Bfrq ivc iksy vyly rhy mhfn kMpnI rfj vI mfq pf rhy hn. hux qF vsUlI guMizaF rfhIN vI kIqI jf skdI hY.

ies leI, KyqI kry dIaF rqF dy iKlf jwdojihd df infnf lfmI hI iek pwkf aqy abdl hwl hoxf cfhIdf hY. iek aijhf aml iCVnf cfhIdf hY ijhVf lokF dIaF asIm smrwQfvF iek ordfr hkIkI qfkq ivc bdl skdf hY ijs nf Auh pYsy aqy mMzI dIaF ivkrfl qfkqF df mukfblf krdy hoey, dy swcImucI dI lok-jmhUrIaq ivc iljf skdy hn. Pyr vI vkqI hwl dy qOr qy mMg krnI bxdI hY ik kry AuWqy imrq ivaf lgfAuxf bMd kIqf jfvy, KyqI kry AuWqy ivaf dI dr 4 PIsdI sflfnf qoN vwD nf hovy, kry dI vfpsI dI imafd KyqI dy suBfa aqy mksd dy muqfibk qYa hovy, KyqI kry AuWqy lwigaf kul ivaf ies dy mU nfoN kdy vI vwD nf hovy, kry aqy mInI lgfn dy bkfieaF dIaF dyxdfrIaF sbMDI sfry kfn rwd kIqy jfx.

 


pRmfxUM sMDI dI hkIkq

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            anykF cwkFQwlf ivcoN dI lMGdy hoey, afKLr ivc Bfrq amrIkf pRmfxUM sMDI dy KrVy nUM amrIkI rfsLtrpqI jfrj busL ny pRvfngI dy idwqI hY. BfrqI sMsd, 35 mYNbrI kOmFqrI pRmfxUM AUrjf eyjMsI, 45 mYNbrI pRmfxUM splfier grwup aqy amrIkI kFgrs dy dovyN sdnF ivc hoeI iGc iGc mgroN ies nUM pihlF hI mnjLUrI iml cwukI hY. ivsLv bYNk aqy kOmFqrI mudrf kosL dy syvk rhy Bfrq dy pRDfn mMqrI zf[ mnmohn isMG nUM ies sMDI nUM pUr cVHfAux leI zMzfEq dIaF anykF mudrfvF ivcNo lMGxf ipaf hY. sLfied ieh ieiqhfs df aijhf mOkfmyl hY, jdoN amrIkf ny pRmfxUM sMDI ivc afey hryk moV `qy BfrqI hfkmF dI afjLfdI aqy kulaKiqafrI dy hryk dfavy nUM byprd krn leI vI mOkf nhIN KMuJx idwqf.

            sMXukq rfsLtr sMG, kOmFqrI pRmfxUM AUrjf eyjMsI aqy pRmfxUM splfier gruwp ikvyN amrIkf dy iesLfiraF `qy nwcx lwgdy hn, ierfk AusdI iek bwjr imsfl hY. pRmfxMU apsfr sMDI `qy dsqKLq krn qoN bfad vI ierfn nUM afpxf gYr POjI pRogrfm jfrI rwKx qoN Dwky nfl vrijaf jf irhf hY. ivroDfBfs ieh hY ik kOmFqrI pRmfxMU AUrjf eyjMsI ivwc Bfrq ies mwudy `qy ierfn dy ivruwD do cfr vot pf cwuikaf hY. iesy qrHF jdoN ksUqf vkq afieaf qF Bfrq amrIkf sMDI iksy kfnUMnI dsqfvyjLF dI muQfj nhIN rhygI.

            123 smJOqy dy nfl hI hYnrI hfeIz aYkt, sMDI nUM pRvfngI dyx qoN pihlF iek kfnUMnsfjL hfvrz brmn vloN suJfeIaF KLqrnfk soDF nfl amrIkI hfkmF ny drsf idwqf sI, ik Auh Bfrq nUM aYYvyN hI pRmfxUM qknIk jF XUrynIam dyx vfly nhIN hn. sMDI nUM mnjLUrI dyx smyN amrIkI rfsLtrpqI vloN idwqy nIqIgq ibafn ivc duhrfieaf igaf hY ik 123 sMDI amrIkf dy pRmfxUM ibjlI kfnUMn 1954 aqy hYnrI hfeIz aYkt dIaF DfrfvF dy aDIn rhygI. spsLt hY ik Bfrq nUM pRmfxUM Dmfkf krn, pRmfxUM bflx nUM soDx nfjLk vkqF leI iesdf BMzfr krn,  pRmfxUM rfKL nUM muV soDx, pRmfxUM qknIk nUM drfmd krn afid df koeI hwk nhIN hovygf. ieh sfrIaF sLrqF zf[ mnmohn isMG vloN BfrqI sMsd aqy anykF mMcF qoN idwqy gey ibafnF aqy BroisaF df inKyD krdIaF hn.

            pRmfxUM sMDI dy KrVy ivc ilKqI qOr `qy kuJ vI aijhf nhIN hY, ijs nfl sfzy dysL `qy huxy hI koeI bhuq vwzI ibpqf pYx vflI hovy. asl ivc qyjLI nfl bdl rhy sMsfr pRbMD ivc amrIkf df aKOqI iek DruvI sMsfr pRbMD burI qrHF iKMz irhf hY. rUs qy cIn dI agvfeI ivc sLMGfeI sihXog sMgTn, irk aqy birk ijhy KyqrI rxnIqk guwt AuBr rhy hn. ierfn, sIrIaf, AuqrI korIaf aqy ikAUbf vrgIaF bdI dIaF DurIaF nUM Jukfieaf nhIN jf sikaf. ierfk qy aPLgfinsqfn amrIkf dy gl dI hwzI bxy pey hn. iehnF hflfq ivc amrIkf nUM dwKxI eysLIaf ivc Bfrq vrgf dosq cfhIdf hY. ieh iek nvIN qrHF dI afAUtsorisMg Bfv Tyky qy amrIkf leI POjI kfrvfeIaF krnf hovygf.

            amrIkI sfmrfj hyTly DVy dy ivkisq dysLF ny Bfrq nUM XUrynIam dI splfeI `qy sKLq pfbMdIaF lgf rwKIaF sn. Pyr vI Bfrq ny sfmrfjI gwut dy do dysLF PrFs aqy rUs dI mdd nfl ikvyN nf ikvyN afpxf pRfmxUM poRgrfm hI jfrI nhIN rwiKaf sgoN ieh QorIam dI vrqoN nfl pRmfxUM ibjlI dy ivkfs dy qIjy pVfa vwl vwD irhf hY. jykr ieh pVfa mukMml ho jFdf hY qF ieh KLud qF afpxI loV jogIaF pRmfxUM BwTIaF bxf lvygf, sgoN Gwt ivksq mulkF nUM brfmd krn dy smrwQ vI bx skdf hY ies leI POjI loVF dy nfl hI hux Bfrq nUM pRmfxUM BwTI dy qIjy rfh vwl vDx qoN rokx dI nIqI vI kMm kr rhI hY.

            ies vyly aflmI pRmfxUM snaq afKrI sfh lY rhI hY. amrIkf ivc 1978 qoN bfad iek vI nvF pRmfxUM plFt nhIN lwg sikaf. pRmfxUM BwTIaF bxfAux vflIaF do vwzIaF kMpnIaF jnrl ielYktirk (amrIkf) aqy afryvf (PrFs) nUM slfnf isrPL do BwTIaF dy afrzr iml rhy hn. jykr jfpfn dI qoisLbf nUM vI sLfml kr ilaf jfvy qF pRmfxUM snaq sfl ivc isrPL iqMn BwTIaF bxf rhI hY. amrIkf ivc afKrI plFt KVf krn ivc 23 sfl lwgy hn. XUrpI XUnIan ivc nvyN plFt lwgxy iblkuwl bMd ho gey hn. Aultf jrmnI aqy ietlI ny 2020 qwk sfry pRmfxUM plFt bMd krn df PYslf kr ilaf hY. bYljIam, hflYNz, spyn aqy svIzn hOlI hOlI afpxy plFt bMd rhy hn. afstRylIaf vrgy mulk ivc iek vI pRmfxUM plFt nhIN hY jdik Aus kol kul dunIaF ivc cldIaF 439 pRmfxUM BwTIaF ivcoN 104 iewkly amrIkf ivc hn pr ieh AuQoN dIaF ibjlI loVF df isrPL 20 PIsdI muhweIaf krvfAuNdIaF hY. ies snaq nUM 100 arb zflr dI slfnf sbiszI vI imldI hY. jy amrIkf df ieh hfl hY qF aMdfjLf lgfieaf jf skdf hY ik sfzy vrgy grIb mulkF df kI hfl hovygf?

            ikhf jf skdf hY, ik Bfrq dI DrqI hyTly bflx dy BMzfr (kolf, qyl aqy gYs) Kqm hox vfly hn. jykr pRmfxUM AUrjf sLurU nf kIqI geI qF iksy idn asIN aMDkfr ivc zuwb jfvFgy. ieh swc hY ik DrqI hyTly bflx dI iek sImf huMdI hY pr ieh vI scfeI hY ik sfzy BU-grB ivigafnI agly 30 sflF df aMdfjLf lgf ky hI cwldy hn. Bfrq dy DrqI hyTly sroqF df pUrf aMdfjLf qF ajy lgfieaf hI nhIN igaf. dUjI gwl, dunIaF ivc XUrynIam dI mfqrf qF koiely, qyl aqy gYs nfloN vI Gwt hY. jy mOjUdf pRmfxUM plFt hI cwldy rihx qF ieh agly 70 sflF ivc Kqm ho jfvygf. jykr pRmfxUM snaq dy Zhy cVH ky iehnF BwTIaF dI igxqI duwgxI kr idwqI jfvy qF ieh XUrynIam 35 sflF ivc muwk jfvygf. svfl ieh nhIN ik ikhVI cIjL pihlF Kqm huMdI hY. svfl ieh hY ik vsqF dy cMgy aqy mfVy pwKF dI qulnf krn vyyly AuhnF nUM ivsLysL sMdrB ivc hI dyKxf cfhIdf hY.

            pRmfxUM AUrjf ikvyN vI sfP suQrI aqy surwiKaq nhIN hY. hIrosLImf aqy nfgfsfkI dy pRmfxUM DmfikaF df asr 63 sflF bfad vI brkrfr hY. rUs aMdr 1986 ivc cyrnoibl aqy 1979 ivc amrIkf dy iqMn mIlI tfpU ivc hoeI pRmfxMU lIkyj dy asr isrP sbMDq ielfikaF qwk hI nhIN, sgoN nfl dy sUibaF, dysLF ivc vI qbfhI mcfAuNdy af rhy hn. Bfrq dy pRmfxUM plftF ivc lIkyjL dIaF drjnF imsflF sfhmxy af cuwkIaF hn pr pRmfxUM pRogrfm nUM pUrI qrHF gupq rwKx krky ieh afm lokF qwk nhIN phuMcdIaF. dysL dy hfkm 2020 qwk 20000 mYgfvt pRmfxUM ibjlI pYdf krn dI gwl kr rhy hn pr ieh nhIN dws rhy ik ies AuWpr afAux vflf 800 arb zflr (krIb 36,80,000 kroV rupey) ikQoN afAuxgy? ieh rkm Bfrq dI iek sfl dI kul GrylU pYdfvfr dy nyVy jf phuMcdI hY. Auh ieh vI nhIN dws rhy ik pRmfxUM ibjlI Qrml ibjlI nfloN iqMn guxf mihMgI vI pvygI aqy mnuwKI ishq pKoN qbfhkuMn vI hovygI.

            sfzy dysL ivc pRmfxUM ipCly 60 sflF qoN cwl irhf hY. ajy qwk asIN isrPL kuwl ibjlI 2[9 PIsdI hI pRmfxUM plFtF qoN lY rhy hF jdoN ik gYr rvfieqI AUrjf (pOx, sUrj aqy kUVy krkt) ivcoN 7 PIsdI ibjlI iml rhI hY. sfzy dysL ivc iewklI pOx ibjlI dI hI 20000 qoN 45000 mYgfvt dI sMBfvnf peI hY. iewkly qfimlnfzU ivc hI awj dI qrIk ivc 1350 mYgfvt dI smrwQf hY aqy cflU sfl ivc 450 mYgfvt pRmfxUM ibjlI dy awD ivc jf phuMcI hY. jykr pUry dysL dI pOx aqy sUrjI AUrjf dIaF sMBfvnfvF Prol leIaF jfx, qF sfzy dysL nUM bdysLF `qy inrBr krn dI loV vI nhIN pvygI. amrIkf aqy XUrpI dysL ies iksm dI ibjlI Aupr tyk rwKky cwl rhy hn aqy ies nUM BivwKI AUrjf vjoN ivksq kr rhy hn.

            gwl ieh nhIN ik Bfrq nUM gYr PLOjI pRmfxUM AUrjf leI jqn nhIN krny cfhIdy. sgoN mslf qF ieh hY ik sfzy dysL nUM bdysLI hfkmF df byqnKfhIaf syvk bxn dI QF afqm inrBr bxn dI koisLsL krnI cfhIdI hY. sfmrfjI aqy lutyrIaF bdysLI kMpnIaF dy shfry Bfrq dy gYr PLOjI AUrjf pRogrfm nUM kdy vI ivksq nhIN kIqf jf skdf. ipCly 60 sflF ivc Bfrq ieh sfry qOr qrIky afpxf cuwikaf hY. bdysLI kMpnIaF dy sbMD ivc aYnrfn dI imsfl hmysLf Xfd rwKxI cfhIdI hY. Bfrq dy afm lokF nUM ieh hkIkq smJxI hovygI aqy dysL nUM afqminrBr bnfAux leI KLurI smfjk qbdIlI leI jqn krny pYxgy.

 

 


Bfrq `c muslmfnF dI mfVI hflq aqy swcr kmytI dI irport


krm brst

Bfrq srkfr vloN mfrc 2005 ivc dy dy muslmfnF dI smfjk aqy afriQk siQqI df jfief lYx leI, jsits rijMdr swcr dI agvfeI hyTF bxfeI geI kmytI ny bhuq smF pihlF afpxI irport pRDfn mMqrI zf[ mnmohn isMG sONp idwqI hoeI hY. kmytI dy gTn lY ky hI rfjnIqk pfrtIaF aMdr iqwKf vfd-ivvfd cwldf irhf hY. BfrqI jnqf pfrtI aqy ies dy sihXog qF muwZ qoN hI, sfzy smfjk jIvn ivy krky srkfrI sMsQfvF ivc, muslmfnF bfry iksy vI qrHF srvyKx dy ivroDI rhy hn. BfrqI Oj bfry srvyKx krn df mslf kfPI gMBIr rUp vI Dfrn krdf irhf hY. Kud POjF dy muKI jnrl jy[jy[ isMG ny aijhI kfrvfeI df ivroD kIqf sI. jdoN srkfr vloN afpxy Ysly `qy idRVH rihx krky, jl aqy hvfeI sYnf ny loVINdI kfrvfeI muhweIaf krvf idwqI qd vI Ql sYnf ny nFh-nukr jfrI rwKI.

Bfrq ivc jdoN vI muslmfnF bfry bihs qurdI hY qF afrMB ivc hI quawsbF df ikfr ho ky rih jFdI hY. fhbfno kys qoN lY ky bfbrI msijd, sFJy isvl koz qoN lY ky kmIr Dfrf 371 qihq imlI aKOqI KudmuKqfrI qk aqy Pyr burky qoN lY ky tYins iKzfrx sfnIaf imrf vloN AucI srkt pihnx vrgy quwC muwidaF qk vI, aijhI bihs iPrkfpRsq smIkrnF ivc AulJ ky rih jFdI hY. muwdf BfvyN koeI vI hovy, Aus df aMqm nqIjf muslmfnF dy kTmuwlfvdI, jfhl, gMvfr aqy anpVH hox dy Pqvy ivc inkldf hY. kmIr qoN lY ky sMsd qk hoeIaF dihqgrd kfrvfeIaF jF muMbeI aqy idwlI vrgy ihrF ivc bMb DmfikaF dI crcf hovy qF BfrqI muslmfnF bfry iehI pRcfr suxn imldf hY, ijvyN ieh sfry hI pfiksqfn dI KuPIaf eyjMsI afeI[aYs[afeI[ dI byqnKfhI nPrI hox.

 

BfrqI muslmfnF ivruD aYnf pRcfr ho cuwikaf hY ik jdoN vI AunHF df ikr huMdf hY qF iehI pRBfv idwqf jFdf hY ik AunHF piqafieaf jf irhf hY. sMG pirvfr, Bfjpf, iv sYnf, ivv ihMdU pRId aqy brMg dl afid df iswkybMd pRvcn irhf hY ik kFgrs pfrtI muslmfnF pCVyvyN ivc rwK ky AunHF votF leI Xrgmfl` vjoN vrqdI af rhI hY. Bfjvf vloN muslmfnF dy pCVyvyN aqy AunHF dI vot isafsq leI durvrqoN sbMDI lgfey jFdy dyF ivc kfPI swcfeI hY, lyikn ies df dUsrf pwK vI AunF hI mjbUq hY ik Bfjpf dI ajokI siQqI vI arQfq ies dI sMsdI isafsq aMdrlI qfkq vI muslmfnF ivroDI DUMaFDfr pRcfr krky ihMdU jnqf zrf ky, ies Xrgmfl` vjoN vrqx krky hI bxI hY.


ieh swc hY ik ihMdUaF aqy muslmfnF ivckfr ivroD dy ieiqhfsk kfrn rhy hn. muslm bfdsfhF vloN swq-awT sdIaF qk Bfrq dI jnqf Kfs krky ihMdU lokf jbr-ulm df ikfr bxfieaf igaf sI. bsqIvfdI aMgry hfkmF ny dovyN iPrikaF pfVH ky rwKx leI ies qwQ dI vrqoN kIqI. muslmfn bfdfhF vloN ihMdU jnqf Aupr Zfhy ulmF qoN koeI vI munkr nhIN ho skdf. pRMqU ijvyN ies dlIl dI pykfrI kIqI jFdI hY, Aus qoN ieAuN lwgdf hY ijvyN isr qy isr muslm bfdfh hI flm sn, jdoN ik ihMdU bfdfhF dy rfj ivc svrg` vrgI hflq sI. ieh iblkul hI BrmfAU dlIl hY jo ik jmfqI smfj ivc styt dy cirwqr ivgfV ky py krdI hY. RyxI ihwqF prfeI styt df ieh buinafdI ikrdfr huMdf hY ik Auh luwt, jbr aqy ihMsf krn vyly DrmF, jfqF aqy ilMgF ivckfr Prk nhIN rwKdI huMdI. hF, ieMnf rUr ho skdf hY ik Aus vsoN dy iksy Kfs ihwsy dI hmfieq hfsl krn leI Aus kuJ ingUxIaF irafieqF dy ky vrj skdI hY aqy bfkIaF Aupr jbr dI dfb vwD dy skdI hY. ieh gwl mugl rfj ivc vI lfgU huMdI sI aqy ajoky sYkUlr` BfrqI rfj Aupr vI. kI awj Dfrimk Gwwt igxqIaF aqy kOmIaqF luwt aqy jbr df ikfr nhIN bxfieaf jFdf? kI 22 sfl gur jfx bfad vI idwlI dMigaF ivc kql kIqy gey 3700 dy krIb bygunfh iswKF dy kfqlF sf imlI hY? kI 2002 dy gujrfq dMigaF ivc mfry gey bygunfh muslmfnF iensf imilaf hY? dUjy pfsy, iek BfrqI rfjdUq dy JUTy kql bdly mkbUl bwt FsI `qy ltkf idqf igaf. ieMdrf gFDI aqy jnrl vYidaf dy iswK kfqlF kuJ ku mhIinaF aqy sflf dI suxvfeI dOrfn hI mOq dI sf dy idqI. iehI hfl pfrlImYNt AuWqy aiqvfdI hmly dy wkI doI muhMmd aPl gurU nfl hox jf irhf hY.


swcr kmytI dI irport, qwQF smyq ies dUx df jvfb ik muslmfnF piqafieaf jf irhf hY, ikvyN aqy ikMnf ku dy skygI, ieh afAux vfly smyN ivc hI pqf lwg jfvygf. lyikn ies qoN pihlF zf[ gopfl isMG kmytI, qwQF smyq ies qwQ df BFzf BMn cukI hy. jnqf pfrtI dI srkfr ny 1978 ivc Gwt igxqIaF, pwtIdrj jfqF aqy kbIilaF dI hflq df inrIKx krn leI Gwt igxqI kimn dI sQfpnf kIqI sI. pRMqU ies dI kfrgufrI ajy prKI jfxI sI ik ieMdrf gFDI ny dubfrf swqf ivc afAuNidaF hI, ies kimn df Bog pf ky, nvyN AuWc-pwDrI pYnl df gTn kr idqf. zf[ gopfl isMG dI agvfeI vfly ies pYnl ny zUMGI jFc pVqfl qoN bfad jo irport py kIqI, Auh sRImqI gFDI dI clMq nIqI dy iPwt nhIN sI, ikAuNik AudoN qk Auh Kfilsqfn lihr kuclx dI afV hyTF, bhuigxqI BfeIcfry piqafAux` dI nIqI aKiqafr kr cukI sI. ies krky, ieMdrf gFDI ny ies irport `qy krvfeI qF kI krnI sI, ies hvf vI nhIN lwgx idqI. vI[pI[ isMG dI srkfr ny jdoN ies dI grd JfV ky nr kIqf, qF dy mMzl-kmMzl dI rfjnIqI ivc Ps cuikaf sI.


ijs vyly gopfl isMG kmytI ny jFc pVqfl kIqI sI qF AudoN muslmfnF dI abfdI ivc PIsdI 12 sI. kyNdr dIaF AuWcIaF ivcoN, muslmfn afeI[ey[aYs[ ivc 3[27 PIsdI, afeI[pI[aYs[ ivc 2[7 PIsdI aqy afeI[aYP[aYs[ ivc 3[37 PIsdI aPsr dI pRqIinDqf krdy sn. aDIn syvfvF ivc AunHF dI numfieMdgI ies qoN vI Gwt (1[56 PIsdI) sI. sfP fhr hY ik gYr mukfbly vflIaF asfmIaF ivc muslmfnF nfl Gor iPrkU ivqkrf huMdf sI. sUbfeI syvfvF ivc AunHF dI igxqI 6[01 PIsdI aqy jnqk Kyqr dy adfiraF ivc 10[85 PIsdI sI. ieQoN qk ik muslmfn bhuigxqI vfly sUby jMmU kmIr aMdr vI, kyNdrI syvfvF aMdr AunHF dI sMiKaf 13[61 PIsdI hI dyKI geI. moty qOr `qy do vwzy KyqrF iswiKaf aqy rugfr ivc muslmfn ipwCy hI rhy. ies gwl qoN ienkfr nhIN kIqf jf skdf ik muslmfnF aMdr ivafpk pYmfny `qy anpVHqf df bolbflf hY. ies anpVHqf leI iPrkU mOlvI, mulfxy vI iksy hwd qk iMmyvfr hn, ijhVy ies BfeIcfry mdrwisaF ijhIaF mDXuwgI sMsQfvF `coN bfhr nhIN inklx dy rhy. Pyr vI swcfeI df ieh isr iek pihlU hY, sMpUrn swc nhIN hY.

 

aYn[sI[eI[afr[tI[ vloN krvfey srvyKx idKfAuNdy hn ik muslmfnF aMdr ividaf pRfpq krn dI rIJ iksy hor BfeIcfry nfloN Gwt nhIN hY. lyikn iek qF AunHF dI Gor gurbq aqy dUsrf mhbI ivqkiraF sdkf 6-16 sfl dI Aumr gruwp dy 90 PIsdI muslmfn ividafrQI skUl Cwz jFdy hn aqy lVkIafF dI ieh dr hor vI vwD 95 PIsdI hY. Auprokq qwQ do dhfky purfxy hn. swcr kmytI vloN py kIqI irport ienHF qwQF dI putI hI nhIN krdI, blik afriQk-smfijk ivkfs dy leI sUckF ivc AunHF dI igrfvt vwl iefrf krdI hY kyNdrI sMsQfvF aMdr vIh sfl pihlF muslmfnF dI pRqIinDqf 5[45 PIsdI qoN Gt ky 4[2 PIsdI rih geI hY. hYrfnI qF ies gwl dI hY ik pwCmI bMgfl aMdr KwibaF` dy qIh sfl rfj dOrfn,jnqk Kyqr dy adfiraF dIaF AuWc asfmIaF ivc muslmfnF dI igxqI Iro PIsdI hY, jdoN ik iPrkU bKyiVaF df ikfr gujrfq ies qoN ikqy vDIaf qsvIr py krdf hY. afbfdI dy ilhfj nfl, adflqI sMsQfvF ivc, muslmfnF dI hflq hor vI mfVI hY. pwCmI bMgfl, asfm aqy jMmU kmIr aMdr muslmfnF dI mulfmq kRmvfr 5[0, 9[4, 48[3 PIsdI hY, jdoN ik afbfdI 25[2, 30[9 aqy 66[97 PIsdI hY.


keI qwQ hor vI suMn kr dyx vfly hl. ipMzF ivc grIbI dI ryKf qoN hyTF rihMdy 94[9 PIsdI muslmfnF dy pIly kfrz hI nhIN bxy aqy AunHF ssqf rfn nhIN imldf. isr 1[9 PIsdI afbfdI aMnqoidaf aMn Xojnf skIm qihq irafieqI aMn Xojnf skIm qihq irafieqI anfj imldf hY. ievyN hI kfrobfr krn leI 3[2 PIsdI lokF irafieqI krf idqf jFdf hY. pyNzU mslmfn vsoN dy 60[2 PIsdI ihwsy kol mIn hI nhIN hY, jdoNik kOmI aOsq 43 PIsdI hY. isrP iek PIsdI muslmfn pirvfrF dy GrF ivc nlky dI shUlq hY. ijQoN qk ividaf df sbMD hY qF pyNzU Kyqr dy 60 PIsdI aqy ihrI Kyqr dy 60 PIsdI muslmfnF ny iMdgI ivc kdy skUl hI nhIN dyiKaf. muslmfnF ivcoN 3[1 hI grYjUeyt aqy 1[2 post grYcUeyt hn. pUry dy dy muslmfn kfqkfrF ivcoN vI isr 2[1 PIsdI kol hI afpxy trYktr hn. POjF aMdr srvyKx krn ivruD cuky AuWDmUl dy bfvjUd ijhVI jfxkfrI bfhr afeI hY qF Aus anusfr BfrqI POj dy iqMn ivMgF aMdr 2[64 PIsdI hI muslmfn hn.


sMBv hY ik muslmfnF dy pCVyvyN lY ky isafsI rotIaF sykIaF jfxgIaF. AunHF aMdrlI grIb, pCVyvyN, aigafnqf aqy smfijk qy Dfrimk ivqkry dy muwdy rul ky rih jfxgy. bhuq sfry kfrnF Kfs krky kmIr kr ky muslmfnF aMdr pihlF hI bygfngI dI Bfvnf kfPI pRbl hY. aiqvfdI srgrmIaF rokx dI smJ hyTF, surwiKaf blF vloN muslmfn nOjvfnF dIaF Qok rUp ivc igRqfrIaF aqy Pyr ZukvIN kfnI cfrfjoeI df mOkf idwqy bgYr mOq vrgIaF sKq sfvF nfl aijhI bygfngI hor vI qIbr ho jFdI hY. swcr kmytI ny zUMGy GoK qoN bfad Bfrq dy muslmfnF dI afriQk aqy smfijk hflq bfry jo qwQ sfhmxy ilaFdy hn, Auh isr ivcfr hI nhIN, Tos drusqIkrn dI mMg krdy hn. ieh hor vI cMgf hovygf, jykr ihMdU smfj df agFhvDU aqy jmhUrI ihwsf Kud muslmfnF dI BlfeI vfsqy srkfr koloN Tos kfrvfeI dI mMg kry.


amrIkf aqy rUs ivckfr hiQafrF dI dOV-iek Gfqk vrqfrf

 

-krm brst

 

rUs dy rftrpqI vlwoN afpxy dy dIaF imfielF dy mUMh XUrp vwl syD dyx dI DmkI nfl amrIkf ivy krky pwCmI Kymy ivc KlblI mwc jfxf suBfivk sI. rUs dI ieh pRqIikiraf amrIkf vwloN polYNz aqy cYk gxrfj dI DrqI Aupr, nfto kqIaF dy QVy aDIn bIVIaF Kqrnfk imfielF dy sbMD ivc afeI hY. rUs ny iesy sfl hI pihlF bhumMqvI jMgI hiQafrF nfl lYs aMqr mhFdIpI bYilsitk imfiel aqy iek nvIN krU imfiel dfg ky pwCmI Kymy BYaBIq kr idwqf sI. bfkI rihMdI ksr iek aijhf bMMb bxfky kr idwqI hY, ijsdf amrIkf kol vI qoV nhIN hY. amrIkf ny kuwJ vrHy pihlF iek aijhf bMb bxfieaf sI, ijs hux qwk dy sfry bMbF dI mF`` ikhf jFdf sI, lyikn rUs vwloN iqafr kIqy bMb sfry bMbF df ipE`` dwisaf jf irhf hY. rUs vwloN nvIaF iqafr kIqIaF imfielF agly cflI sflF qwk amrIkI hiQafrF df tfkrf krn dy smrwQ hn. rUs dI dlIl hY, ik Aus ny ieh kfrvfeI amrIkI sfmrfj` dIaF afphudrIaF krqUqF Twlx leI kIqI geI hY.

 

sfl 1991 ivc sovIaq XUnIan dy iKMzfa nfl amrIkf ny hmlfvr phuMc apxf leI sI.  rUs dI dhfikaF dI cuxOqI rihq srdfrI TuwT idKfAuNidaF, pUrbI XUrp dy sfbkf smfjvfdI dyF afpxI surwiKaf CwqrI aDIn kr ilaf sI. kfI smyN qoN Ausny bulgfrIaf aqy rumfnIaf ivc POjI awzy sQfipq krny urU kIqy hoey hn. rUs df ihwsf rhy blkfn rfjF ivc sMqrI iNenklfb`` ilafky, AuhnF afpxy KMBF hyTF kIqf hoieaf hY. rUs dIaF pwCmI eyIaFf hyTlIaF sfbkf iekfeIaF vI iek qrF afpxy jMgI jfl ivc Psf ilaf sI. AuhnF qF iek iek krky rUs ny afpxy pRBfv KyqrF ivc vfps lY aFdf hY.

 

1990ivaF dy iehnF GtnfkRmF sdkf rUs df mhFkqI`` hox df ruqbf qF Kuwisaf hI sI, blik bhuqy isafsI pMzq qF Aus kmor dyF dI RyxI ivc rwKx lwg pey sn. sfzy afpxy dy dIaF hfkm jmfqF ny AudoN qoN hI Bfrq dI bdy nIqI amrIkf dIaF rqF muqfbk Zflxf urU kIqf hoieaf hY. Bfrq amrIkf ivckfr hoeI gYr POjI prmfxUM sMDI amrIkf pwKI Jukfa df Aucqm rUp ikhf jf skdf hY. Yr vwzIaF qfkqF ivckfr huMdI iKcoqfx nvIN gwl nhIN hY. asl ivc nvF Bfxf qF ieh vfpiraf hY, ik rUs rqf rqf afpxI guafcI hoeI fn muV hfsl krn leI isrqoV Xqn kr irhf hY aqy kfI hwd qwk sl vI ho irhf hY.

 

agsq 1990 ivc ierfk vwloN kUvYq hVwp lYx nfl dunIaF Br dI kUtnIqk aqy rxnIqk if hI bdl geI sI. kUvYq mukq krvfAux dI afV hyTF amrIkf dI agvfeI aDIn sfry hI ivksq aqy ivkfsIl dyF ny ierfk Aupr POjI hmlf ivwZ idwqf sI. siQqI df ivaMg ieh sI, ik rUs nf cfhuMdy hoey vI afpxy pwky rIk`` amrIkf dI bolI bolxI peI sI aqy Auh afpxy imwqr`` ierfk dy Ault KVx leI mbUr ho igaf sI. ieko iek mhFkqI hox df rUr amrIkf dy qqkflI rftrpqI dy isr `qy ies kdr ciVHaf, ik Ausny jyqU aMdfj ivc aYlfn kr mfiraf ik asIN hux iek DruvI sMsfr ivc pRvy kr gey hF.`` isafsI aqy POjI Kyqr ivc ies bVHk df mqlb sI, ik rUs vwzI qfkq vjoN kOmFqrI idR qoN alop ho igaf hY aqy cfr dhfikaF qoN cwlI af rhI hiQafrF dI dOV hmyf hmyf leI Kqm ho geI hY.

 

ajfrydfr pUMjIvfd aqy jMg dovyN hI nflo nfl cwldy hn. ies leI iek DruvI sMsfr pRbMD df dfavf aMk rUp ivc swc huMdf hoieaf vI, buinafdI qOr `qy drusq nhIN sI. jdoN qwk sfmrfjvfd mOjUd hY, AudoN qwk ivv FqI dI klpnf hI nhIN kIqI jf skdI. ieh swc hY, ik pUMjIvfdI ivkfs df asfvFpx iek QF `qy ivkfs aqy dUjI QF `qy ivnf jnm idMdf rihMdf hY. keI vfrIN aijhf vrqfrf sdIvI rUp ivc vI vfpr jFdf hY, ijvyN ik brqfnIaf lgfqfr afpxy inGfr vwl igaf hY, jdik jrmnI aqy jpfn do do vfr qbfh hoky vI, muV AuBrdy rhy hn. ies leI rUs df dubfrf kOmFqrI isafsq ivc af jfxf alokfrI gwl nhIN hY.

 

hiQafrF dI dOV dy Kfqmy dI pyygonoeI qwQF Aupr aDfrq nhIN sI. rUs dy prdy dy ipwCy cly jfx dy dOr ivc vI, jrmnI aqy PrFs dI agvfeI hyTly XUrpI sMG ny, kOmFqrI Kyqr ivc afpxy qyvr  BfvyN kmor hI shI, idKfAuxy urU kr idwqy sn. ivv vpfr sMgTn dy mMc Aupr vfr vfr pYNdy rwty, amrIkf aqy XUrpI sMG dy afpsI ivroD hI hn. byk ieh ivroD TMZI jMg  dy umry ivc nhIN afAuNdy, Pyr  vI iehnF  ny, kOmFqrI msilaF ivc, amrIkf Aus iksm dI nYiqkqf`` hfsl nhIN  hox idwqI, ijho ijhI Ausny ierfk Aupr pihly hmly vyly pRfpq kIqI sI. amrIkf vloN ierfk aqy aPgfinsqfn ivc Ps jfx nfl, iehdy jmhUrIaq dI bhflI `  dy imn dI imwtI plIq ho geI hY. iesdy rKrId buwDIjIvIaF vloN kIqIaF ieiqhfs dy aMq`` dIaF BivwKbfxIaF puwTIaF pYx lwgIaF hn. Kud ies isDFq` df pYrokfr PrFiss PUkoXfmf bu pRfn df alock bxn leI mbUr ho igaf hY.

 

kOmFqrI pwDr `qy idno idn bdl rhy  kqIaF dy smqol ivc, amrIkf afpdI pRmfxUM POjI kqI dy shfry iek DruvI sMsfr pRbMD bcfAux  leI, ivksq dysF dy nfl hI, ivkfsIl dyF dIaF bfhF mroVx dI nIqI Aupr cwl irhf hY. amrIkf dy dbfa kfrn hI awj qwk  rUs ivv vpfr sMgTn df mYNbr nhIN  bxn  idwqf igaf. iesdf kfrn hY ik pUiqn infm ny boirs XYlqisn dy kfrjkfl dOrfn kfiem hoey amrIkf pwKI afriQk  grohF dy srgixaF jylF ivc sutvf idwqf sI. amrIkf iehnF hrkqF jmhUrIaq ivroDI`` aqy KuwlI mMzI leI rukfvt df nfm idMdf hY. iek hI muwdy Aupr ieh vwK vwK dyF nfl dUhrI nIqI Aupr cwl irhf hY. pRmfxUM msly Aupr hI Bfrq puckfrn aqy ierfk durkfrn vflI nIqI iedy vqIry dIaF Tos imsflF hn. ierfn df pRmfxUM mslf, aijhI nIqI  kfrn hI kOmFqrI tkrfa vflf ibMdU bixaf hoieaf hY.

 

vfrsf pYkt dy iKMzfa nfl ijhVf Klfa pYdf hoieaf sI, Aus iek hwd qwk Brn leI rUs aqy cIn  dI agvfeI hyTlF sMGfeI sihXog sMgTn` awgy vwD irhf hY. ieh kihxf qF smyN qoN pihlF dI gwl hovygI ik rUs cIn Durf jldI hI TMZI jF grm jMg ivc kuwd skdf hY, lyikn hoxhfr ivrvfn` dy pYr iksy Kqrnfk idf vwl  vwDx df sMkyq jrUr dy rhy hn. ies sMgTn ivc kudrqI qyl aqy gYsF nfl mflfmfl kyNdrI eyIaf  dy cfr mulkF  kjfKsqfn, Aubyiksqfn, ikrigjsqfn aqy qfiksqfn dI srgrm mOjUdgI, iek kqIflI Druv dI AusfrI kr skdI hY. ies sMgTn  ivc, Bfrq, pfiksqfn, mMgolIaf aqy ierfn abrvr df drjf idwqf igaf hY. gwl kI, DrqI dy dwKxI pUrbI ihwsy aMdr rUs afpxy pRBfv  KyqrF  muV pwky pYrI kr irhf hY.

 

amrIkf ny rUs qy cIn dIaF Druv KVf krn dIaF iehnF koiF wk  aqy  gMBIrqf  nfl lYNdy hoey, vfr vfr icqfvnI idwqI hY, ik Auh rUs afpxy qyl aqy gYs dy sroqF jwPf mfr ky, iehnF   blYkmyl krn aqy DmkfAux leI iesqymfl nf kry. rUs Aupr  ielfm lgfieaf jFdf hY ik Auh afpxy dy aqy dUjy mulkF ivc jmhUrI ivkfs rok irhf hY, ijs krky iesdy amrIkf, XUrp aqy afpxy guaFZIaF nfl sbMDF Aupr burf asr pY irhf hY.``

 

gwl bVI spt hY ik kOmFqrI mMcF Aupr rUs ny kfPI  hwd qwk afdfnf phuMc apxf leI hY, ijhnF ivc ierfn dI pRmfxUM nIqI  dI hmfieq krnf, amrIkf vloN pfbMdIaF lgfAux dy bfvjUd vI ierfn dy pRmfxUM  plftF dI AusfrI jfrI rwKxf  aqy Aus 700 arb zflr dIaF aYNtI eyarkrfPt imfielF pRdfn krn leI sOdf klmbMd krnf.  iesqoN vI vwD ky rUs ny PlsqIn dI nvIN bxI hms` srkfr mfnqf dy ky, amrIkf dy KmF qy nmk  lfieaf sI. rUs qoN ibnF , amrIkf ny cIn vI infnf bxfAuFidaF  afpxI POjI jfxkfrI lukox aqy surwiKaf pRbMDF dy nvInIkrn bdly iswty Bugqx``dI  DmkI idwqI hoeI hY. amrIkI pRfn dy afhlf mMqrIaF vloN rUs aqy cIn DmkIaF dyxf aqy sMGfeI sihXog sMgTn dy mukfbly `qy bflitk aqy blkfn mulkF dI jmhUrI pRbMD leI kfmnvYlQ`` dI sQfpnf leI Xqn krny sDfrn aml nhIN hn. amrIkf qF XUrpI sMG dy ivroD ivc pUrbI XUrp dy dyF df vwKrf mMc KVf krn dIaF koiF vI kr irhf hY.

 

iehnF GtnfkRmF qoN fhr ho irhf hY, ik dunIaF  iek vfr Pyr 1946 dy Aus dOr vwl muV rhI hY, jdoN TMZI jMg df afgf kIqf igaf sI, hux Prk isrP  aYnf  hY, ik jMgI morcy dy sQfn pUurbI XUrp qoN bdlky, sfbkf sovIaq sMG dy dysF vwl qbdIl ho rhy hn. kuwJ rfjnIiqk mfhrF df ivcfr hY, ik rUs POjI Kyqr ivc kdy vI amrIkf df mukfblf nhIN kr skdf, ikAuNik iehdy kol ieMny vwzy Krcy Jwlx leI afriQk sfDnF dI qot hY. ies dlIl ivc awj dI GVI dm nhIN irhf. ies vyly pUrf XUrp Kfs krky, jrmnI rUus vloN splfeI kIqy jFdy qyl aqy gYs Aupr inrBr hoky rih igaf hY. aKOqI smfjvfd dy Kfqmy qoN bfad, XUrp  leI  rUsI Kymy vwl prqx leI koeI ivcfrDfrk aiVwcx vI nhIN rhI hY. nvyN bx rhy kOmFqrI smIkrxF  dI ronI ivc, amrIkf aqy rUs ivckfr urU hoeI bdI jMg hux isrP kqI sMquln  dI muV ZlfeI  dI bjfey, pRBfv KyqrF dy ivsQfr leI lVI jf rhI TMZI jMg vjoN dyKxf cfhIdf hY.

 

jMg TMZI hovy jF grm, hmyf hI afm jnqf df Gfx krdI rhI hY. mnuwK dy ivkfs leI vrqy jfx vfly sroq, ivnfkfrI hiQafrF dy inrmfx leI vrqy jFdy hn. sfmrfjI kqIaF vwloN jmhUrIaq`` aqy brfbrI`` leI kIqy jf rhy ZONg hux bynkfb ho gey hn. lokF afpxf BivwK bcfAux leI sfmrfjvfdI qfkqF df ivroD krnf cfhIdf hY. kyvl lokfeI df srbivafpk pRqIroD hI sfmrfjI dyF Gfqk hiQafrF dI aMnHI glI aqy jMg vwl iljFdy kdm cuwkx qoN rok skdf hY.

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hux qwk KLbrnfmf dI vYWb sfeIt nUM pfTk vyK cuwky hn

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