www.khabarnama.com  {Punjabi Newspaper Khabarnama Toronto} email: editor@khabarnama.com 


 

ਅਖ਼ਬਾਰ ਪੜ੍ਹਨ ਲਈ ਪੰਜਾਬੀ  ਫਾਂਟ ਇੱਥੋਂ ਡਾਊਂਨਲੋਡ ਕਰ

 

 

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"smr-2007" dI DuKdI awg df lyKf joKf    -XfdivMdr kriPAU,

 

ipCly smyN wc "islvr skrIn" ny QOVHf bhuq aijhf pysL kIqf hY,ijs nfl smfj dy cyqn vrg wc bihs-muhfbsf iCiVaf hY.prjLfnIaF,blYk PrfeIzy,rMg dy bsMqI,hwlf bol afid iPlmF ny ivcfr crcf df mhOl pYdf kIqf.iesy lVI ' c 13 mfrc 2008 nMU irlIjL hoeI "smr 2007" nF dI iPlm vI sLfiml ho geI hY.pUry dysL wc eys smyN vwzy pwDr wqy afqmhwiqaFvF kr rhy iksfnF dI ijLMdgI dy ivsLy dy duafly GMumdI hY "smr 2007" dI khfxI.iPlm dy zfierYktr suhyl qqfrI hn. pUrI khfxI wc ijLafdfqr gwlbfq 6-7 pfqrF qy iksfnI dIaF KudkusLIaF leI msLhUr mhfrfsLtr dy ielfky ivdrB wqy aDfirq hY.iPlm dI sLUrUafq iek pReIvyt mYzIkl kflj dy wc pVH rhy amIr vrg dy ividafrQIaF dI aXfsLI BrI ijLMdgI qoN sLUrU hMudI hY.rfhul sLrmf(iskMdr Kyr),kyqIl(arujn bfjvf) bfgfnI(aflyK sMGl),ivsLfKf(gul pnfg) qy ipRXMkf(XUivkf cODrI) pMjy kflj dy dosq hn.kflj dI ijLMdgI wc AuhnF nfl ijhVI sB qoN aihm Gtnf vfprdI ey,Ah kfPI mhwqvpUrn hY.rfjnIqI nMU mjLfk smJx vflf iPlm df mwuK ikrdfr rfhul sLrmf jdoN ividafrQI rfjnIqI dy pihly zMzy wqy pYr Drn dI koisLsL krdf hY qF kflj dIaF ividafrQI coxF wc AusnMU kwtVpMQI jQybMdI dI gMdI rfjnIqI df sfhmxf krnf pYNdf hY.ijs qrHF "rMg dy bsMqI" ny dysL dI Drm aDfirq kwtV jQybMdI dI ividafrQI rfjnIqI nMU bynkfb krn dI koisLsL kIqI sI,Ausy qrHF df Auprflf "smr 2007" ny vI kIqf hY.iesy gMdI rfjnIqI dy cMugl wcoN inlkx leI hI ,Auh kflj qoN iksy pyNzU ielfky wc afpxy zfktrI qjLrby leI iek mhIny dI tRyinMg wqy jFdy hn.

 

amIr jmfq nfl sbMD rwKx vfly pMjy pfqrF nMU pyNzU jIvn bfry koeI igafn nhIN hY hMudf qy nf hI AuhnF df rotI tukVy vfsqy gujLr bsr kr rhIaF ijLMdgIaF nfl koeI srokfr hMudf hY.ivdrB dy iksy ipMz wc jdoN Auh pihlf kdm Drdy ny qF AuhnF sfhmxy iksfnF nfl vfpr rhy hr rojL dy vrqfry ,afqmhwiqaFvF df idRsL pysL hMudf hY.

iesy pihly idRsL qoN iPlm dI Bfvuk pfqr ivsLfKf dI afqmf vlMUDrI jFdI hY qy Auh awgy hoky kItnfsLk dvfeI pIky afey iksfn pirvfr nMU sFBx dI koisLs krdI hY.iPlm wc jo ipMz df zfktr(afsLUqosL rfxf) hY,AusnMU swcmwuc iksfnI df hmdrd ivKfieaf igaf hY.zf[ dy kmry wc cI gvyry dI Poto qy mfrksvfd dIaF ikqfbF ivKfky ,AusnMU sfbkf kfmryz jF agFhvDU zfktr vjoN pysL kIqf igaf hY.pMjy pfqr df mwuK mksd zf[ nMU pYsy dyky tRyinMg df srtIiPkyt lYxf hMudf hY,pr bfad wc hOlI hOlI swc qoN pRBfivq hMudy ivKfey gey ny.

 

BfrqI smfj dy arD jgIrU qy nv bsqIvfdI Kfsy wcoN BfvyN jgIrdfrI nMU hI iksfnF dIaF afqmhwiqafvF df mwuK kfrn bxfieaf igaf hY.ipMz df iksfn pwKI zfktr jo lgBg hr smyN sLrfb pINdf ivKfieaf igaf hY .iek zfielfg wc pMjy ividafrQIaF nMU sMboDn hMudf kihMdf hY ik "jY jvfn,jY iksfn" df nfarf dyx vflIaF srkfrF dIaF nIqIaF hI iksfn nMU Kf geIaF qy dysL df mIzIaf vI XQfrQ qoN dUr ipRMs dy Kwzy wc izwgx vrgIaF hfsohIxIaF KLbrF bxfAux wc lwigaf hoieaf hY".

 

iPlm dy mwuK qy afKrI ihwsy wc sfzy dysL dy jgIrdfrI isstm qy AusdIaF sLosLxkfrIaF nIqIaF dI qsvIr pysL kIqI geI hYY,hflFik ivdrB dI iksfnI df bI[tI[ kotn rfhIN sLosLx kr rhIaF bhurfsLtrI kMpnIaF nMU alocnf dy hfsLIey qoN bfhr rwiKaf igaf hY,jo ik iksfnI dI mOjUdf hflq leI mwuK ijMmyNvfr hn".jgIrdfrI iKlfP lVfeI krn vflf hIro sLMkIaf nF df ivafkqI hY.jo jgIrdfrF iKlfP pRcfr kridaF qsLwdd df isLkfr vI hMudf hY.sLMkIaF nMU bcfAux leI ipMz df zfktr afpxI jfn vI dfa wqy lfAuNdf hY qy AusnMU jgIrdfrF dI kYd wcoN mukq krvfky ilafAuNdf hY.iPlm dy iek idRsL wc sLMkIaf ipMz dI jnqf nMU bMglfdysL dy nobl purskfr jyqU mhMumd XUins dI "Coty krijLaF" dI skIm nfl vI sMboiDq hMudf hY,iesy skIm nMU krjLy wc PsI iksfnI leI iek bdl dy rUp wc vI pysL kIqf igaf hY .iesy dOrfn pMjF ividafrQIaF wcoN iqMn jnqf leI kMm krn dI Tfx lYNdy ny,pr do pfqr rfhul sLrmf qy ipRXMkf vfps jfx df rsqf PVH lYNdy hn.ijs gwzI wc Auh jf rhy hMudy ny,Ausy wc hI sLMkIaf hMudf hY,jo iksy agly ipMz wc kMm sLurU krn cwilaf hY.iesy dOrfn AuhnF dI jIp wqy jgIrdfrF df hmlf hMudf hY qy hmly smyN jdoN jgIrdfr dI POj sLMkIaF nMU afpxf insLfnf bxfAuNdI hY qF nkslIey AuhnF dI surwiKaf leI afAuNdy ny qy iqMnF lokF df bcfa ho jFdf hY.jgIrdfrF dy sLMkIaF wqy hmly qoN bfad ipMz dy zf[ dI nkslI lIzr nfl rfjnIiqk bihs hMudI hY.ies bihs wc nkslIaf jdoN hiQafrbMd rfh nMU iksfnF dI mukqI dwsdf hY qF zf[ ivaMg krdf kihMdf hY " ik jy dysL nMU bxf nhIN skdy qF awg jLrUr lgf idE".

 

iPlm dy aMq wc puils qy jgIrdfrF dy gwTjoV dI Jlk pysL kIqI geI hY.golI lwgy sLMkIaf dI rfKI krdI ivsLfKf nfl blfqkfr krdy jgIrdfr qy puils aPsr nMU mrd dunIaF vloN aOrq iKlfP vrqy jFdy afKrI sMd blfqkfr dI vrqoN krdy ivKfieaf igaf hY.afKrI idRsL wc ipMz df zf[, sLMkIaf leI afpxI jfn insLfvr kr idMdf hY qF ik ivcfr ijLMdf rih sky.iesdy nfl hI ividafrQI vI sLihr nMU prq jFdy ny qy mIzIaf AuhnF dy ivcfr nMU QF idMdf njLr afAuNdf hY.ijvyN"rMg dy bsMqI" wc koeI vI smfijk jF rfjnIiqk lok lihr nf ivKfky nOjvfnF dI arfjkqf ivKfeI geI sI,Ausy qrHF hI eynIaF KudkusLIaF dy pYmfny dy bfvjUd iPlm wc koeI vI smfijk jF rfjnIiqk lok lihr nhIN ivKfeI geI hY.iPlm wc ijs ivcfr nMU afqmhwiqafvF krdI iksfnI dy leI bdl dy rUp wc pysL kIqf igaf hY ,Auh bMglfdysL wc aYWn[jLI[E[ clf rhy nobl purskfr jyqU mhMumd XUns dI "mfeIkro krYizt" skIm hY,hflFik ijs skIm nMU pRcfrky iPlm wc iksfnI nMU sMkt wcoN AuBfrn dI koisLs kIqI geI hY, Ausy skIm dy nobl purskfr ivjyqf nMU nobl imlx qoN bfad bMglfdysL dI hflq koeI bhuqy byhqr nhIN hY".bMglfdysL srkfr dy akqUbr 2006 dy aMkiVaF anusfr "70 imlIan lok grIbI ryKf qoN hyTF gujLfrf kr rhy sn".Bfrq srkfr dy KyqI mMqrI dy ibafn muqfbk "1993 qoN lYky 2003 qk 1,00,248 iksfn afqmhwiqafvF kr cwuky ny".vyKxf hovy qF ijnHF BfrqI ielfikaF wc vwzy pwDr wqy KudkusLIaF df vrqfrf vfpr irhf hY ,AuhnF wc aYWn[jI[EjL[ df jfl mwkVI vFg PYilaf hoieaf hY,pr Ausdy bfvjUd vI ieh dOr jfrI hY.keI arQsLfsLqrI qF aYWn[jI[EjL[ dy vrqfry nMU ivsLv bYNk dIaF nv-AudfrvfdI nIqIaF dI cfl dwsdy hn,ikAuNik sfrIaF vwzIaF aYWn[jI[EjL[ df aDfr ivdysLI pMUjI hY .iPlm wc bdl cfhy kuJ vI idKfieaf igaf hovy ,pr pUry dysL df iZwz Brn vflI  iksfnI vfsqy gMBIrqf nfl koeI hwl lwBx dI sKLq jLrUrq hY.

 

                                                                                      XfdivMdr kriPAU,

                                                   jvfhrlfl nihrU XUnIvristI,sqlj hostl,

                                                                                                nvIN idwlI .

                                                                                        ipMn koz-110067

                                                                              Pon nMbr-09899436972       

 


jgq qmfsLf vfly dlbIr isMG nfl afKrI mulfkfq

 -kyhr sLrIPL

 

pwqrkfr dlbIr isMG (jgq qmfsLf) 28 julfeI nUM acfnk idl df dOrf pYx krky ies dunIaF nUM alivdf kih igaf. mYN iewQy dlbIr dy jIvn dy afKrI mOky dI gvfhI pysL krnI cfhuMdf hF- Aus nUM idl df dOrf pYx qoN pihlF dI, ikAuNik Aus nUM imlx vflf afKrI mYN hI sF.

 

ipCly idnF qoN mYN pMjfb afieaf hoieaf hF. afAuNidaF hI iek idn dlbIr nUM Pon kIqf, puwCx lwgf,- ikQy aYN? luiDafxy , mYN ikhf. cMzIgVH kdoN af irhYN? agly idnF c mYN jvfb idwqf. awCf! jdoN iewQy afieaf qF imlIN jLrUr. agly hPqy asIN cMzIgVH gey, iqMn idn AuWQy hI rhy pr dlbIr nUM imlx df sbwb hI nf bx sikaf. dubfrf Pyr 26 julfeI nUM cMzIgVH af gey. 28 julfeI svyry ds ku vjy Auhdy Gr Pon kIqf qF kihx lwgf :  bfrF, sfZy bfrF mYN dPqr phuMc jfvFgf, AuWQy hI af jf, bfkI dIaF gwlF AuWQy krFgy kih ky Pon rwK idwqf.

 

hr vfr hI jdoN vI mYN prdys qoN pMjfb afieaf qF hor dosqF smyq dlbIr nUM vI jLrUr imldf. ivcfrF dI sFJ hox krky iqMn dhfky pihlF sLurU hoeI ieh moh dI qMd ajy vI kfiem hY/sI. jrmnI rihMidaF jdoN vI mYN afpxy Brf (sLfm isMG) nUM Pon krdf qF dlbIr df hfl qy KLYr-suK jLrUr puwCdf. kdy mYN AuhnUM iswDf Pon krky hfl-cfl puwCdf Kfs krky jdoN qoN AusnUM awKF dy duwK dI bhuqI pRysLnI hoeI sI. Pon qy hr vfr hI Auh cihkdf hoieaf, hfsy BrpUr, afsvfn mnuwK vjoN imldf qy cMgf lgdf.

 

28 julfeI nUM dupYhry zyZ vjy mYN Auhdy kol Auhdy pMjfbI itRibAUn dy dPqr phuMicaf. Auh! bwly, bwly, bwly kihMdf hoieaf afpxI kursI qoN AuWT ky glvkVI pf ky imilaf. hfl-cfl puwCidaF nUM syvfdfr AuhdI rotI lY afieaf. df, koPLqy, slfd aqy do rotIaF. puwCx lwgf , rotI KfvyNgf? myry vloN nFh kihx qy vI keI vfr puwiCaf. awCf cfh qF pIvyNgf nf? hFa . myry hFa kihx qy syvfdfr nUM do kwp cfh dy ilafAux df afK idwqf. rotI Kf ky hitaf hI sI ik nIAUjLIlYNz qoN Auhdy puwqr df mobfiel qy hI Pon af igaf. pMj-swq imMt Auhny afpxy puwqr nfl gwlF kIqIaF. Aus vyly BlF kOx jfxdf sI ik ipAu-puwqr ivckfr ieh afKrI gwl-bfq hY? sfry pRIvfr nUM ipafr idMidaF Auhny Pon bMd kr idwqf. Pyr kihx lwgf, kfmryz hux ieMnf ku hI KfDf jFdf. AuNj kYntIn vfly cfr rotIaF idMdy hn pr mYN do hI KfdF. cO qF mYN mMgvfAuNdf hI nhIN, Auh plyt qUs ky Br idMdy hn- Auh qF do jixaF qoN nhIN muwkdI. AUN ishq qF TIk aY nf? mYN puiCaf. hFa, sB TIk hI cwl irhf. AuNj ishq leI bhuqy puafVy sLUgr hI pfAuNdI aY, ies krky ishq ivc Auqrfa-cVfa, afAuNdy-jFdy rihMdy af.(mYnUM ieh vI nhIN sI pqf ik dlbIr nUM sLUgr vI hY) AuNj hux sB TIk hY. jdoN Auh ieh sB dws irhf sI qF asIN imwTy vflI cfh pI rhy sF. kihx lwgf , dyK lY aYnk dy afsry ilKI vI jf irhF, kfr vI Gr qoN dPqr qwk afp hI clfAuNdf. Aus vyly myry nfl gwlF kridaF Auh nON-br-nON sI. Auhdy kYbn ivc pihlF vFg hI hfsf Cxk irhf sI. afpxIaF awKF bfry gwlF kridaF Auh cYneI dy hspqfl dI bhuq isPq kr irhf sI. kihx lwgf, hux iksy dIaF awKF dI loa guafcx dy bhuq Gwt mOky hn- ikAuNik ielfj sMBv hY.

 

asIN gwlF krn lwgy kMipAUtr ivc vrqy jfx vfly pMjfbI POtF dIaF (jo ajy qwk guMJldfr mslf hY). dlbIr anmol vrq irhf sI. mYN dwisaf ik mYN cfiqRk vrqdf hF (bfhrly mulkIN bhuqy pMjfbI cfiqRk vrqdy hn jF Pyr XUnIkoz). dlbIr ies smwisaf nUM PONt knvrtr vrq ky hwl kr lYNdf sI. PONt knvrtr qF keIaF ny bxfey hn pr Auh pMjfbI XUnIvristI pitaflf vloN bxfieaf awKr vrqdf sI. Pyr kuwJ imMt Auh mYnUM ies dI vrqoN bfry smJfAuNdf irhf. ieMglYNz qoN ieMtrnYt qy zf: guridafl isMG rfey horF vloN  Cfpy jFdy sfihqk prcy ilKfrI bfry gwlF krn lwg ipaf. ipCly kfPI smyN qoN jgq qmfsLf vflf lyK ilKfrI ivc Cp irhf hY, hr hPqy.

 

Pyr Auh gwlF aKbfrF aqy afpxy vloN kIqy jFdy anuvfd bfry krn lwg ipaf. iewQy hI KusLvMq isMG dIaF ilKqF dy kIqy anuvfd bfry dwsdf irhf ik pMjfbI ivc AuhnUM anuvfd krnf ikMnf aOKf hY. ikANik, aMgryjLI ivc KusLvMq ijMnI KuwlH lYNdf hY Auh pMjfbI dI sihjqf vflI lyKxI ivc nhIN afAuNdI. Auh qF sB kuwJ nMgf hI ilKI jFdf. pr ,pMjfbI ivc ieh puwgdf nhIN. iehdIaF vI dlbIr ny keI imsflF idwqIaF.. iek sLbd jo Auhny rMnF ivc DMnF vflI ilKq ivc vriqaf hY sihvfs AuhdI vI ivafiKaf krdf irhf ik iehdy nfl df hor koeI sLbd sfzy kol hY nhIN, BfvyN ik ieh ihMdI ivcoN afieaf hY. hux Auh sLbdF dI kQf kr irhf sI- mYN sux irhf sF. acfnk hI puwCx lwgf, awCf qUM sUrmy pVH ilaf ik nhIN? nhIN , mYN ikhf. ajy qF sUrmy bfry hI piVHaf qyry vloN iliKaf hoieaf, ipCly hPqy. mYQoN lY jfeIN pr pVHIN jLrUr. bfad ivc Auh afpxI aKbfr bfry dwsx lwg ipaf, pr Auh bhuqf Audfs krn vflf hI sI- nvF vrqfrf.

 

pOxF ku GMtf mYN Auhdy kol bYTf irhf, asIN gwlF krdy rhy. Auh mYQoN jrmnI jrmnI dy jIvn bfry vI puwCdf irhf. kol bYiTaF sfrf smF hI mYnUM ieh mihsUs nhIN hoieaf ik dlbIr bImfr hY, koeI sfh cVHdf hovy jF Auh iksy qrHF dI qklIP mihsUs krdf hovy. Auh iblkuwl sihj icwq sI, iksy vI qrHF dy qxfAu qoN mukq- hfsf BrpUr. idKfvy vrgI jF icMqf dI koeI vI lkIr Auhdy ichry qoN mYnUM njLr nf afeI.

 

kuwJ smyN leI pMjfbI itRibAun df iek hor swjx mnjIq isMG sfzy kol af ky bih igaf jo afpxy puwqr nUM vwD qnKfh vflI iml rhI nOkrI bfry dlbIr qoN slfh lYxI cfhuMdf sI. dlbIr iswDI qy spwsLt slfh dy irhf sI, GroN bfhr kwZyNgf afpxy puwqr nUM qd hI Auh afpxy pYrF AuWqy KVyHgf, qd hI  AuhnUM akl afAU.

 

pOxy ku GMty bfad kuwJ hor imwqrF nUM imlx df vfadf sI. jlMDroN afieaf jsvMq dId, kvI aMbrIsL qy guwl cOhfn sfnUM pRYs klwb ivc AuzIk rhy sn. sLfm isMG df do vfr Pon af cuwkf sI. svf do vjy mYN dlbIr koloN ivdfa hox dI iejfjLq mMgI. Auhny AuWT ky glvkVI pfAuNidaF aglI vfr afAux qy Pyr imlx df vfadf kIqf. ieh qF sfzy icwq-cyqy vI nhIN sI ik GVI ku nUM kI hox vflf hY.

 

asIN pRYs klwb ivc bYTy sF. iqMn vjy dy krIb pMjfbI itRibAUn dy sb-aYzItr avqfr BMvrf df sLfm isMG nUM Pon afieaf ik dlbIr nUM idl df dOrf pYx krky AuhdI mOq ho geI hY. asIN qF suxidaF hI suMn ho gey. Kbr mn nUM nf lwgx vflI sI, pr Kbr swcI sI. sLfm isMG qy mYN qurMq hI sYktr 32 dy hspqfl phuMcy ijwQy dlbIr nUM lYjfieaf igaf sI. AuWQy hor vI bhuq sfry pwqrkfr, lyKk aqy vfkPkfr phuMcy hoey sn. sfry hI Audfs aqy KfmosL ichry bxy hoey sn. dlbIr dPqroN, hspqfl phuMcx qwk hI pUrf ho igaf sI.

 

myry vloN dlbIr koloN AuWT afAux qoN bfad mnjIq isMG vI Auhdy koloN AuWT ky clf igaf. Aus qoN kuwJ imMt bfad hI syvfdfr zfk lY ky afieaf qF Auhny hI dlbIr nUM kursI ivc ipwCy vl izigaf hoieaf vyiKaf, Auhny hI sB nUM Kbr idwqI- jo bfad ivc mnhUs Kbr bx geI. dlbIr clf igaf, pr Auh ikDry nhIN jfvygf. Auh sLbdF df jfdUgr sI. AuhdI kfrIgrI dy afsry Auhdy sLbd boldy rihxgy.

 

                ..  nfm PLkIr iqnHF df bfhU, kbr ijnHF dI jIvy hU ..

 


bfdl df afty-dfl df iptfrf

-kYptn joigMdr isMG sMDU

          sfl 1958-59 dI gwl hY. zwbvflI ivKy afpxIaF bwsF dy awzy sfhmxy PwitaF nfl bxfeIaF imwtI dIaF kMDF rfhIN koeI iek ikwlf jLmIn vl ky bfdl sfihb ny nvIN-nvIN bYTx dI jgHf bxfeI sI. sLfm df smF sI Auh vlgx ivc bfdl sfihb iekwly hI iek vwzy mMjy `qy cOkVf mfr ky bYTy pRsLfdf Ck rhy sn. mYN zwbvflI dy kol ikwilaF vflI ivKy nvyN KuwlHx vfly kflj ivc ieknfimks dy lYkcrfr leI bfdl sfihb nUM imlx igaf. myrI bynqI AuprMq pihlI gwl jo bfdl sfihb ny khI[[[[[[srdfrf qUM ieknfimks dy ivsLy ivc ikvyN Ps igaf. qUM qF ikDry POjI aPsr hoxf cfhIdf sI. lYkcrfr dI nOkrI qF mYnUM nf imlI pr bfdl sfihb dI spwsLtqf, sDfrnpx aqy sfP-sfP gwl krn dy qrIky qoN mYN bhuq pRBfvq hoieaf. AunHF iswDf hI mYnUM dws idwqf ik AunHF ny ielfky dy iek jLYldfr jo isafsI qOr `qy AunHF dI swjI bFh hY, qy muMzy nUM ieh nOkrI dyxI hY. mYN vfps af igaf aqy CyqI hI afriQk slfhkfr pMjfb dy qihq mYnUM lok syvf kimsLn rfhIN iek cMgI nOkrI iml geI. bfad ivc bfdl sfihb dI jLubfn vI bhuq sulwKxI sfbq hoeI jdoN do sflF ipwCoN cIn dI lVfeI smyN mYnUM POjI aPsr bx ky dysL syvf df vI cMgf mOkf imilaf. Aus qoN ipwCoN vI bfdl sfihb jdoN muwK mMqrI bxy qF AunHF vwloN kuJ aihsfn myry `qy hoey.

 

afty-dfl df cwkrivAUh

          hux mqlb dI gwl vwl afeIey. mOjUdf afty-dfl sMbMDI grIb GrfixaF dy srvyKx qy sMgrUr aqy abohr ivKy ies srvyKx dI iksmq bfry jo KbrF CpIaF hn AunHF nUM vyK ky awj mYN bfdl sfihb vrgI hI spwsLtqf nfl ieh svfl bfdl sfihb qoN puwCdf hF ik Auh afty-dfl dy cwkrivAUh ivc ikwQy Ps gey. ieh cwkrivAuh aiBmMinAU nUM vI bhuq mihMgf ipaf sI. ieknfimks df mjLmUn jwtF dy puwqF dy vws df rog nhIN. pMjfb jy Bfrq ivc iek KusLhfl rfj smiJaf jFdf sI, awj 40 pRqIsLq grIb bx igaf hY jo pMjfbIaF dy svYmfx leI iek vwzf Dwkf sfbq hovygf.

          s[ drbfrf isMG dy muK mMqrI huMidaF nvMbr-dsMbr 1980 ivc myry Aupr dwsy mihkmy vwloN grIbI dI ryKf qoN Qwly vfly GrfixaF df srvyKx kIqf igaf. iek mukMml Xojnf anusfr 7-8 siPaF dy sLizAUl dy afDfr `qy ieh srvyKx hoieaf sI. keI ivdysLF ivc ieho ijhy keI srvyKx hoey sn, ijnHF bfry iltrycr nUM vI jFicaf igaf sI. afriQk slfhkfr dy ienvYstIgytr pwDr krmcfrIaF ny ieh srvyKx kIqf sI. jLmIn afid bfry sUcnf leI ptvfrIaF aqy GrfixaF dI afm afriQk pwDr bfry motI-motI jfxkfrI lYx leI bI[ zI EjL dy amly df vI sihXog ilaf igaf sI. srvyKx dI njLdIkI suprvIjLn afriQk slfhkfr dy mihkmy dy aPsrF ny kIqI sI ikAuNik AunHF nUM srvyKx df qjrbf sI. Aus srvyKx dy sLizAUl bI[ zI[ EjL dy hvfly kIqy gey sn, ijnHF dy afDfr `qy pMjfb Br ivc pIly kfrz bxfey gey sn. Aus srvyKx nUM hoieaF 27 sfl ho gey hn. Aus srvyKx aqy Aus dy afDfr `qy bxy pIly kfrzF `qy awj qk iek AuNglI vI nhIN AuTI aqy hux ienHF pIly kfrzF nUM rIinAU krn aqy nvyN hoNd ivc afey grIb GrfixaF dy pIly kfrz bxfAux leI mMg AuT rhI sI, ijs krky sfl 2006 dy aKIr ivc nvyN pIly kfrz bxfAux aqy purfixaF nUM rIinAu krn bfry izptI kimsLnr pwDr `qy kuJ kfrvfeI hoeI vI sI.

          asl ivc nvyN srvyKx dI koeI loV hI nhIN sI. sfl 2006 ivc jo pIly kfrz mukMml kIqy gey sn, AunHF GrfixaF nUM hI afKrI afm coxF smyN kIqy gey 4-20 rupey aftf-dfl dy vfaidaF muqfbk ienHF shUlqF dy Xog smiJaf jfxf kfPI sI. mOjUdf srvyKx `qy jo Krcf aqy mnuwKI imhnq lwgI Aus dI iblkul loV nhIN sI. bfkI skUl tIcrF, afeI[ey[ aYWs[ aqy pI[ sI[ aYWs[ aPsrF dy ieh srvyKx vws df rog nhIN sI ikAuNik ienHF sB df ies bfry koeI qjrbf nhIN aqy nf hI ienHF lokF ny grIbI nUM nyiVEN kdI vyiKaf hY.

          mOjUdf srvyKx df sLizAUl bVI hPVf dPVI ivc gYr-qjrbykfr stfP aqy aPsrF ny iqafr kIqf hY ijs ivc pirvfr dy muKI dI afmdn, idhfVIdfr dI mjLdUrI 100/-rupey pRqI idn afDfr bxfeI geI hY jo TIk nhIN jfpdI. asl ivc ieh afDfr pirvfr dI kuwl afmdnI nUM pirvfr dy kuwl jIaF dI igxqI `qy qksIm krky imwQxf cfhIdf sI. iek pirvfr ijs dI afmdn BfvyN 60,000/- vI hovy aqy Gr ivc Kfx vfly jIa jo iqwguxy hox qF kI ieh Grfxf 30,000/- rupey afmdn vfly Grfxy qoN ijLafdf grIb nhIN igixaf jfvygf?

                   sfl 1980 vfly srvyKx dy sLizAUlF nUM iksy EQ kimsLnr jF notrI pbilk qoN qsdIk nhIN sI krvfieaf igaf. asIN aPsrF ny Aus srvyKx dI Gr-Gr jf ky afp cYikMg kIqI sI aqy sLizAUlF `qy dsKq kIqy sn. iksy Grfxy nUM iek pYsf vI Krc nhIN sI krnf ipaf. mOjUdf srvyKx dy Pfrm qsdIk krfAux `qy hr Gr nUM 200-300 rupey Krc krny pey hn, jo grIbF nfl Gor byiensfPI hY aqy ies bfry bhuq hfhfkfr mcI hoeI hY.

          sfl 1980 ivc ipMzF aqy sLihrF ivc pwqI aqy vfrzvfr GrfixaF dIaF ilstF iqafr kIqIaF geIaF sn ijnHF ivc Gr dy kuwl jIaF aqy kuwl afmdn dy kflm sn ijnHF qoN pRqI jIa afmdn kwZ ky grIb Grfxy sLfrtilst kIqy gey sn. kI mOjUdf srvyKx ivc ies qrHF hoieaf hY? GrfixaF dI ilst hr srvyKx df muwK afDfr igixaf jFdf hY.

          ies qoN hI hr ipMz jF sLihr dI afbfdI, GrfixaF dI igxqI afid dy aMkiVaF dI cYikMg ho jFdI hY aqy ieh vI pqf lwgdf hY ik srvyKxkfrF ny ikMnI imhnq aqy iemfndfrI nfl kMm kIqf hY.

 

afriQk ivhfrkqf

          hux svfl idmfg ivc afAuNdf hY, kI 40 pRqIsLq jF ies qoN Aupr GrfixaF nUM 4-20 dy ihsfb nfl aftf-dfl muhweIaf krfAuxf pMjfb rfj dy bjt leI sMBv ho skygf? 600 rupey pRqI kuieMtl aftf `coN aqy 3,000 rupey pRqI kuieMtl dflF `coN Gftf AuTfAuxf srkfr leI sMBv ho skygf? bfkI ieho ijhI kfxI vMz afm jnqf ivc ikho ijhy pRBfv CwzygI, ieh QoVHI dyr bfad hI pqf lwg jfvygf. sLfied bfdl sfihb df ie vfadf kdI vI vPf nf ho sky.

          ies qoN Cuwt ieh 600-3000 ru[ df Prk pMjfb aqy dysL Br dI mfrkIt ivc qrQwlI nhIN mcf dyvygf aqy ieh aftf-dfl grIbF dy mUMh dy svfd dI bjfey afm mfrkIt nUM Bfg nhIN lgfvygf. koeI vI sKq qoN sKq pRsLfsn ies nUM rok nhIN skygf. ieQy bfdl sfihb iPr ieknfimks `c mfr Kf gey.

          ieh aftf-dfl dI skIm mihkmf Kurfk qy splfeI dy aPsrF aqy krmcfrIaF aqy rfsLn izpU holzrF leI vI cFdI dy rUp ivc iswD hovygI. mOjUdf rfsLn izpUaF ivc vyKIey qF kdI vI iksy nUM ssqI cInI aqy imwtI df qyl nhIN imldf. ieh sB afeItmF iswDIaF mfrkIt ivc jFdIaF hn. ajy qk koeI vI pRsLfsn jF srkfr ies nUM rok nhIN skI.

          prsoN-cOQy bfdl sfihb ny mn ivc aMdr hI aMdr mihsUs kridaF ik nf hI qF ivsfKI dy sLuB idhfVy aqy nf hI 15 meI qk Auh afpxf vfadf pUrf kr sky hn, bVy vwzy ijgry nfl ibafn idwqf hY ik 15 agsq qk bVy jLor-sLor nfl ieh skIm lfgU kr idwqI jfvygI aqy aflockF nUM mUMh dI KfxI pvygI. hux vyKxf ieh hY ik skIm afjLfdI idvs qk aqy iks hwd qk qy iks sLkl ivc lfgU huMdI hY? grIb iqMn mhIny hor ieMqjLfr kr lvygf, jy Aus dy mUMh ivc ssqI rotI pY sky qF. asl ivc coxF smyN isafsI afgUaF nUM ieho ijhy vfady jnqf nfl krny hI nhIN cfhIdy. itAUbvYWlF leI muPq ibjlI df vfadf akflI srkfr nUM koeI Kfs lfB nhIN sI phuMcf sikaf aqy iesy qrHF ieh afty-dfl df vfadf ijs `c ieMnI ijLafdf ieknfimks vjUd ivc hY, krnf hI nhIN sI cfhIdf. coxF smyN ieho ijhy nf pUry hox vfly vfaidaF `qy cox kimsLn vwloN vI pfbMdI lwgxI cfhIdI hY. hr isafsI pfrtI nUM isrP do muwdy awgy rwKxy cfhIdy hn-ijLafdf rojLgfr muhweIaf krnf aqy ijLafdf pYdfvfr vDfAux nfl afm jnqf dy afriQk pwDr nUM AuWcf cuwkx df pRx lYxf. isafsI pRogrfm ienHF do muwidaF duafly hI GMumxy cfhIdy hn. purfqn pRiswD iPlfsPr pIgU ny vI ieknfimks nUM afty-dfl df ivsLf bxn qoN nkfiraf sI.

 


ikAuN Cwizaf jf irhY hwQoN qihjLIb df pwlf

-sLMgfrf isMG Buwlr

          pMjfb ivDfn sBf coxF `c musLikl nfl do ku mhIny rihMdy hn. do muwK iDrF kFgrs aqy sLoRmxI akflI dl (bfdl) ny cox aKfVf hux qoN hI pUrI qrHF mGfieaf hoieaf hY. ies vyly lokF df bhuqf iDafn ienHF dohF iDrF vwloN clfey jf rhy sLbdI bfxF, iesLiqhfrI jMg aqy rYlIaF `qy itikaf hoieaf hY. ienHF `coN vI bhuqf iDafn muwK mMqrI kYptn amirMdr isMG aqy lok sBf dy mYNbr qy bfdl dl dy jnrl skwqr sRI suKbIr isMG bfdl vwloN iek dUjy nUM vyK lYx `qy kyNdrq hoieaf ipaf hY. ienHF dohF afgUaF dI ieh cuMJ crcf keIaF nUM cuB rhI hY aqy keIaF nUM anMidq vI kr rhI hY.

          pMjfb ivDfn sBf coxF df aYlfn ajy hoieaf nhIN pr kFgrs aqy bfdl dl dovyN ies `c pUrI qrHF ruWJy hoey hn. coxF PrvrI 2007 `c hoxIaF hn aqy ivDfn sBf dy gTn df sfrf kMm 17 mfrc qoN pihlF-pihlF mukMml kIqf jfxf hY. ies ilhfjL dsMbr dy qIsry jF cOQy hPqy coxF dy aYlfn dI sMBfvnf hY. afm qOr `qy coxF dy aYlfn ipwCoN hI isafsI iDrF srgrm huMdIaF hn pr aYqkIN hflfq pihlF qoN kuJ Ault hn. ies dI pusLtI ies gwl qoN vI huMdI hY ik bhujn smfj pfrtI aqy sLoRmxI akflI dl (aMimRqsr) ny afpxy kuJ AumIdvfrF df aYlfn kr vI idwqf hY.

          pMjfb `c ies vyly lgBg iek drjn kOmI aqy KyqrI pfrtIaF hn ijnHF ny coxF leI kmrkwsy kIqy hoey hn pr muwK mukfblf kyvl do iDrF kFgrs aqy bfdl dl ivckfr hY. pihlI iDr kFgrs dI agvfeI sLmsLyr isMG dUlo kr rhy hn. Auh cUMik dilq vrg nfl sbMDq hn, ies leI AunHF pUrf jLor lfieaf hoieaf hY ik sfrI dI sfrI dilq vot kFgrs dI JolI pvy. AunHF ny pfrtI dI aMdrUnI lVfeI nUM vI iek hwd qwk TwlHx dI koisLsL kIqI hY. BfvyN sRI dUlo aqy muwK mMqrI kYptn amirMdr isMG ivckfr afpsI mqByd dIaF KLbrF gfhy bgfhy CpdIaF rihMdIaF hn qF vI dovyN bhuq sfry mOikaF `qy iekwTy qurn dI koisLsL krdy hn aqy qurdy vI hn. iesy dOrfn kYptn amirMdr isMG vwloN bdlI geI afpxI jIvn sLYlI kfrn kFgrs sPLF `c Kfsf AuqsLfh hY. iesy dOrfn pMjfb ivkfs Xfqrf dy dohF pVfvF `qy pfrtI nUM sLfied iesy leI qkVf huMgfrf imilaf hY. 14 nvMbr dI luiDafxf vflI rYlI ny vI afgUaF aqy vrkrF nUM bfgobfg kr idwqf hY. mhfrfjy dI sfPgoeI qoN hr koeI jfxU hY. AunHF `c kMm krn aqy PYsly lYx dI idRVHqf hY. pMjfb dy pfxIaF, iksfnF, mulfjLmF aqy hor afm vrgF leI AunHF ny jo vI kIqf hY, ies ny kFgrs nUM dm Km idwqf hY. afm hlikaF df kihxf hY ik muwK mMqrI ny afpxy PYsilaF nfl akflI dl koloN sfry cox muwdy Koh ley hn.

          dUjI muwK iDr bfdl dl dI agvfeI ies vyly sRI pRkfsL isMG bfdl dy hwQF `c hY. Auh pUry iswK pMQ `c srvy krvf hn. Auh jo cfhux AuhIE huMdf hY. koeI AunHF ivruwD AuBfsr nhIN skdf. jQydfr gurcrn isMG tOhVf vrgy sInIar afgU ny vI jy AunHF ivruwD mUMh KoilHaf qF awgoN jo hoieaf Auh iewQy duhrfAux dI loV nhIN. sRI bfdl coxF lVn dy vI mfihr hn blik coxF vyly qF Auh pihlF nfloN vI vwD srgrmI PVH lYNdy hn. awgoN AunHF df sfQ hux AunHF df puwqr suKbIr isMG bfdl dy irhf hY. suKbIr afpxy ipE nfloN vI cfr rwqIaF awgy hY. Auh akflI hlikaF `c vwzy bfdl nfloN vI vwD prvfn ho irhf hY. lwg ieh irhf hY ik aYqkIN ivDfn sBf coxF dI agvfeI vwzy bfdl nhIN sgoN Coty bfdl krngy. bfdl dl dI mIzIaf muihMm vI Kud suKbIr bfdl dy hwQF `c hY. kFgrs vfly pfsy mIzIaf dI vfgzor BrqieMdr isMG cfihl vrgy anuBvI sLKs dy hwQF `c hY, jo awgoN mhfrfjf sfihb dy KfsoKfs hn.

          Auprokq dohF iDrF qoN ibnF lgBg awDI drjn sLoRmxI akflI dl hn. ienHF `c sLoRmxI akflI dl (a), sLoRmxI akflI dl (lONgovfl), sLoRmxI akflI dl (1920) aqy afl ieMzIaf sLoRmxI akflI dl hY. ieMtrnYsLnl sLoRmxI akflI dl vI hY. ienHF `coN kyvl pihly do dlF dI hI kuJ ku puwCigwC hY. bfkI dIaF isafsI iDrF `c BfrqI kimAUinst pfrtI, mfrksI pfrtI hY. lok BlfeI pfrtI hY aqy bhujn smfj pfrtI ijhVI awgoN vMzI hoeI hY. BfrqI jnqf pfrtI ijhVI awgoN vMzI hoeI hY. BfrqI jnqf pfrtI lMby smyN qoN kyNdr aqy pMjfb dohF QfvF `qy sLoRmxI akflI dl (bfdl) dI BfeIvfl hY. iek sFJf morcf bnfAux dI koisLsL `c hfl dI GVI iqMn iDrF ny hwQ imlfey hn. ienHF `c sI[ pI[ afeI[ (aYm), sI[ pI[ afeI[ aqy lok BlfeI pfrtI hY. sLoRmxI akflI dl (1920) ijhI pfrtI df ies sFJy morcy nfl sItF df Cz-Czf ho skdf hY. ieh sFJf morcf Tos muwidaF nUM AuBfr ky agfmI coxF `c afpxI kuJ invyklI QF bxf skdf hY. sRI ismrnjIq isMG mfn vwKrI soc rwKx vfly hn. nf qF Auh TIk qrHF iksy nfl qur skdy hn aqy nf hI sLfied koeI AunHF nfl qurnf psMd kry. vYsy sLoRmxI akflI dlF dI ipCly QoVHy ijhy smyN `c ijhVI afpsI lVfeI hoeI, hwQopfeI hoeI, pwgF lwQIaF, ikrpfnF sUuqIaF geIaF ies nfl sfrI iswK kOm df isr sLrm nfl nIvF hoieaf hY. dUjy pfsy kYptn amirMdr isMG iswK hlikaF `c afpxy kIqy kMmF sdkf kfPI svIkfry jf rhy hn.

          asl pfsy vwl afAux qoN pihlF pMjfb dy mOjUdf isafsI BONie idRsL dI iek sMKyp Jlk pysL krn dI loV sI. muwdf ivwcoN ieh hY ik afm rfjnIqI jF cox rfjnIqI krn lwigaF qihjLIb df pwlf hwQoN nhIN Cwizaf jfxf cfhIdf. ies vyly ies qihjLIb dIaF ijs kdr DwjIaF AuzfeIaF jf rhIaF hn Auh zUMGI icMqf df ivsLf hY jo ivcfrnXog hY. TIk hY rfjnIqI `c iek dUjy `qy hmly krn dI loV pYNdI hY pr ieh Blf eyny nIvyN pwDr dy ikAuN ho jfx? afpxI gwl kihx `c koeI hrj nhIN. gwl BfvyN sKq vI hovy aqy iqwKI vI pr hovy siBak BfsLf dI vrqoN qoN huMdI hY. pr keI vfrI huMdf nhIN. kYptn amirMdr isMG sulJy isafsqdfn hn, cMgy pVHy-ilKy hn, dysL-ivdysL GuMmy iPry hn, rfjnIqI dy sfry dfapycF qoN jfxUM hn. pOxy pMj vrHy AunHF ny srkfr nUM afpxI mrjLI nfl Gukfieaf hY, iksy dI nhIN mMnI. jo jIa `c afieaf AuhIE kIqf. TIk hY. iek hukmrfn aijhf kr vI skdf hY pr jdoN Auh ivroDI iDr dy afgU nfl iswJx lwgdy hn qF sB hwdF bMnHy pfr kr jFdy hn. sKq qoN sKq itwpxIaF kr jFdy hn aqy keI vfrI asiBak BfsLf `qy vI Auqr afAuNdy hn. kYptn amirMdr isMG vrgy sUJvfn qy suihrd iensfn dy mUMhoN awq mfVy sLbdF dI vrqoN sLoBf nhIN dyNdI. aijhy sLbdF dI vrqoN lokrfjI kdrF kImqF dy Ault hY.

          rfjnIqI `c dUjI iDr nUM cuxOqIaF dyxIaF koeI nvIN gwl nhIN. aKbfrI ibafnbfjLI aqy iesLiqhfrI jMg vI afm gwl hY. kFgrs vwloN ipCly kfPI smyN qoN rojLfnf aKLbfrF dy pihly pMny `qy iek sqrI iesLiqhfrI muihMm jfrI hY. ieh srkfrI pRfpqIaF df JroKf hY. swqfDfrI iDr nUM aijhf aiDkfr vI huMdf hY. ivroDI iDr vI bysLwk iesLiqhfrbfjLI kry pr ieh qwQF qy aMkiVaF `qy inrBr hoxI cfhIdI hY, nf ik jfqI lVfeI bx jfvy iek dUjy nUM jF pirvfrF nUM pfxI jfxf koeI isafxp nhIN. ibnF sLwk kYptn srkfr ny ipCly virHaF `c bhuq kuJ krn df dfvf kIqf hY. ieh dfvf TIk ho skdf hY pr aMq nUM ies df PYslf qoN votrF ny hI krnf hY.

          ipCly kuJ smyN qoN sRI bfdl aqy AunHF dy pirvfr iKlfP amirMdr isMG dIaF sKLq itwpxIaF df jvfb vwzy bfdl dI QF Coty bfdl ny dyxf sLurU kIqf hY. suKbIr bfdl vI cMgf GuMmy iPry hn aqy bfhr dy pVHy hoey hn pr BfsLf AunHF dI vI lgBg kYptn amirMdr isMG vrgI hY. ieh TIk hY ik BwjidaF nUM vfhx ieko ijhf huMdf hY pr ieh lVfeI inwjI nf ho ky isafsI hoxI cfhIdI hY. ieAuN vI kih lE ik gwl muwidaF `qy hoxI cfhIdI hY. gflI-gloc vflI BfsLf kdficq nhIN vrqI jfxI cfhIdI.

          ies vyly iek pfisEN kYptn amirMdr isMG aqy dUjy pfisEN suKbIr bfdl ijvyN iek dUjy `qy sLbdI hmly kr rhy hn, iBRsLtfcfr dy dosL lf rhy hn aqy jylH `c suwtx dy ibafn dfg rhy hn ieh TIk rfh nhIN. agly nUM icwq krnf hY qF afpxI kfrgujLfrI ibhqr bxfE. rfjnIqI qF Auqr kfto mYN cVHF dI Kyz hY aqy ies df PYslf lokF ny krnf huMdf hY, ikAuN nf kMm hI aijhy kIqy jfx ik lok afpmuhfry quhfzy hwk `c Pqvf dyx. AuNj aPsosnfk gwl ieh hY ik sB kuJ bVI qyjLI nfl bdilaf hY. awj rfjnIqI `c bfhUbl, iBRsLtfcfr, BfeI BqIjfvfd aqy gMdI sLbdfvlI dI jo Brmfr ho geI hY jy ies `qy CyqI kfbU nf pfieaf igaf qF afAux vfly smyN `c iksy dI vI pwg slfmq nhIN rhygI. swTF virHaF dy sPr `c rfjnIqI byvsI dy aflm qwk phuMc geI hY. awgoN rwb hI rfKf hY.

 


pMjfb dy aYm[ pI[ lok-ihwqF leI pihlI vfr hoey iekwTy

-sLMgfrf isMG Buwlr

          gwl keI vrHy purfxI hY. iehIE koeI dhfkf zyZ dhfkf pihlF dI. zf[ mnohr isMG igwl pMjfb dy aYzIsLnl cIPL sYktrI df ahudf Cwz ky idwlI ivc skwqr pYtrolIam aqy rsfiexF inXukq hoey sn. zf[ igwl sLfied pihly aqy afKrI aijhy afeI[ ey[ aYs[ aPLsr sn ijnHF nUM pMjfb df aYzIsLnl cIPL sYktrI bxfieaf igaf sI. AunHF dI vfrI qF pMjfb df muwK skwqr bxfey jfx dI sI pr Aus vyly pMjfb dI rfjnIqI hI ies qrHF dI vfd ivvfdI bxI hoeI sI ik AunHF nUM idwlI ivc qbdIl kr idwqf igaf. afpxf ahudf qF AunHF ny BfvyN sMBfl ilaf pr pMjfb ivc kIqI afpxI syvf AunHF nUM aksr cyqy afAuNdI sI. asl ivc AunHF df Kymf aijhf sI ik Auh pMjfb leI kuJ cMgyrf krnf cfhuMdy sn.

          KYr idwlI ivc jdoN AunHF nvF ahudf sMBfl ky kMm sLurU kr idwqf qF AunHF nfl acfnk hoeI mulfkfq ijs ivc AunHF ny pMjfb dy aYm[ pIjL[ dy ies vqIry `qy kfPLI isLkvf isLkfieq kIqI ik Auh iekwly-iekwly afpxy injI kMmF kfjF leI qF af jFdy hn pr pMjfb dy smuwcy ihwqF leI kdy rl ky koeI pRfjYkt lYx nhIN afAuNdy. ies dy tfkry `qy ibhfr vrgy pRFq aqy keI hor sUibaF dy aYm[ pIjL[ AunHF kol gruwp bx ky afAuNdy hn qy AyunHF `qy pUrf jLor pfAuNdy hn ik AunHHF dy pRFq leI koeI aijhf pRfjYkt idwqf jfvy ijs nfl XuvkF nUM rujLgfr iml sky. swc ieh hY ik aijhy pRfjYkt Auh lY vI jFdy.

          zf[ igwl dy ies isLkvy isLkfieq ivc kfPLI dm sI. aYm[ pIjL[ kI krdy hn afpxy leI gYs kunYksLn jF iPr pYtrol pMp df lfiesMs lYx leI inwq gyVy mfrdy sn pr AunHF ny iekwTy ho ky kdI ieh nhIN ikhf ik pMjfb ivc pYtrolIam jF rsfiexF nfl sbMDq koeI vwzf pRfjYkt lfieaf jfvy. sfP sI sB afpxy injI ihwqF nUM qrjIh idMdy sn. pMjfb dy ihwqF nUM nhIN pr hux ipwCy ijhy pMjfb dy sB aYm[ pIjL[ pRDfn  mMqrI zf[ mnmohn isMG nUM iml ky pMjfb dI snaq nUM qbfh hoxoN bcfAux leI ijhVf jLordfr dbfa pfieaf hY. ies ny ienHF pRqIinDF dy ipCly sB Doxy Do idwqy hn. cyqy rhy AuNj vI pMjfb dy sfry aYm[ pIjL[ bfry pMjfb dy lokF nUM vI ieh vwzf iglf isLkvf rihMdf hY ik Auh sdn ivc pMjfb dy ihwqF leI Aus qrHF afvfjL bulMd nhIN krdy ijvyN dUsry sUibaF dy numfieMdy krdy hn. mihjL KfnfpUrqI leI hr pfrtI df muwK bulfrf mfVy moty ZMg nfl afpxI hfjLrI luaf lYNdf hY bfkI bhuqy qF isrPL hwQ KVHf krn jogy hI hMudy hn. ies dy tfkry `qy dUjy sUibaF qoN huxy afey pRqIinD afpxy rfj nfl sbMDq mMgF jF iksy muwdy `qy hox vflI bihs ivc bVI srgrmI nfl ihwsf lYNdy hn. hoieaf ieMj ik kuJ idn pihlF pMjfb dIaF sfrIaF rfjsI iDrF dy aYm[ pIjL[ ny iekwTy ho ky pRDfn mMqrI nfl mulfkfq kIqI aqy AunHF kolNo mMg kIqI ik kyNdr srkfr vwloN ijvyN ihmfcl pRdysL, jMmU-ksLmIr aqy AuqrFcl dy sUibaF dIaF snaqF nUM AuqsLfhq krn leI ivsLysL snaqI pYkyjL idwqy gey hn iesy qrHF df iek pYkyjL pMjfb dI snaq leI vI qurMq idwqf jfvy. ieh ies leI jLrUrI hY ik pMjfb dI snaq df keI kfrnF krky burI qrHF nuksfn ho irhf hY. ieQoN qk ik pMjfb dy kuJ sLihrF ivc lwgIaF snaqF guaFZI sUibaF ihmfcl pRdysL aqy hirafxf ivc qbdIl ho rhIaF hn. ies qrHF isKFdrU aqy axisKFdrU mulfjLmF leI nOkrI dy mOky hor Gtx lwg pey hn. pMjfb ivc byrujLgfrI pihlF hI ivkrfl rUp Dfrn kr bYTI hY. ies nUM TwlH pfAux leI Gwto-Gwt snaqF nUM mjLbUq krn leI snaqkfrF nUM afriQk shUlqF idwqIaF jfx. pMjfb dI snaq nUM bcfey jfx leI hMBlf mfrn df iek kfrn sLfied ieh jfpdf hY ik kyNdrI snaq rfj mMqrI sRI asLvnI kumfr pMjfb dy gurdfspur ijLlHy nfl sbMDq aqy drasl AunHF ny hI aYm[ pIjL[ nUM ies kMm leI pRyr ky pRDfn mMqrI nUM imlfieaf.

          pRDfn mMqrI nUM sfry aYm[ pIjL[ df pMjfb dI snaq nUM bcfAux leI hMBlf mfrn df AuWdm cMgf lwgf aqy AunHF ny Auys vyly hI ies sMbMDI hdfieqF ieh idwqIaF ik pMjfb dI snaqI siQqI df aiDaYn krvf ky AunHF nUM qurMq irport idwqI jfvy qF jo gMBIr sMkt ivc PslI snaq nUM bcfAux leI Tos Auprfly kIqy jf skx. ies irport dy sqMbr dy afKrI hPLqy pRDfn mMqrI nUM sONpy jfx dI sMBfvnf hY ikAuNik ienHF idnF dOrfn hI pRDfn mMqrI ny pMjfb df gyVf mfrnf hY aqy ies pYkyj df aYlfn krnf hY. sLfied iesy leI Aus Auqy POrI qOr `qy kMm hoxf sLurU ho igaf hY. AuNj pRDfn mMqrI nfl ies vPd dI jo mulfkfq hoeNI Aus qoN iek gwl qF spsLt ho hI geI ik awj ijMnHF qrsXog hflqF ivcoN pMjfb dI snaq lMG rhI hY ies nUM bcfAux leI kyNdr srkfr ivsLysL afriQk pYkyj qF jfrI krygI hI, ies pYkyj df jo mhwqvpUrn ihwsf hovygf Auh aMimRqsr, gurdfspur aqy iProjLpur ivc lwgIaF snaqF vwl ivsLysL iDafn dyxf hovygf. ieh ies leI ik ieh iqMny pMjfb dy srhwdI ijLlHy hn aqy ijnHF idnF ivc pMjfb KfVkUvfd dI kflI bolI hnyrI rfq ivcoN lMG irhf sI, AudoN snaq nUM bhuq nuksfn phuMicaf. bfhr df koeI vI vpfrI afpxI jfn joKLm ivc pf ky ienHF ijLilHaF ivc snaq pwKoN lYx dyx krn leI nhIN sI afAuNdf. blik AunHF idnF ivc bhuqy vpfrI qF aMbflf twpxoN vI iJjkdy sn hflFik srkfr ny afpxy vwloN surwiKaf dy pUry pRbMD kIqy vI hoey sn.

          pMjfb muwK qOr `qy KyqI pRDfn sUbf hY, snaqI pRDfn nhIN. iPr vI btflf, aMimRqsr, luiDafxf, gurfieaf, mMzI goibMdgVH, muhflI aqy ies dy pRiswD snaqI kyNdrF vjoN jfxy jFdy hn. CotIaF CotIaF snaqF qF BfvyN lgBg sfry hI ijLlHF hYwzkuafrtrF aqy hor sLihrF ivc hn pr drimafnIaF aqy CotIaF snaqF Auprokq sLihrF ivc hn. pMjfb dy moty qOr `qy vwD igxqI drimafnI aqy CotIaF snaqF dI hY, vwzIaF snaqF bhuq Gwt hn. hux ipClyN kuJ smyN qoN zyrfbsI, KrV aqy kurflI dy ivckfr cnfloN ies pwKoN kfPI ivksq ho irhf hY. iksy sUby dI qrwkI df jfiejLf BfvyN smuwcI KusLhflI qoN lfieaf jFdf hY pr ies dy nfl hI Aus dI snaqI qrwkI nUM vI mwdynjLr jLrUr rwiKaf jFdf hY. ies pwKoN pMjfb iek smyN KusLhfl sUbf qF hY eI sI, snaqI pwKoN vI iesdf cMgf bol bflf sI. bhuq sfrf mfl bfhr jFdf hY. sYNkVy hjLfrF nhIN lwKF lok iswDy qOr `qy ies nfl juVy hoey sn. luiDafxy dIaF qF glIaF ivc Gr-Gr ivc CotIaF snaqF ny lwKF hwQF nUM rujLgfr idwqf hoieaf sI. iesy sLihr dI hOjLrI snaq dunIaF Br ivc afpxf mfl Byjx leI pRiswD sI pr mMdI iksmq snaq dI ieh hoeI ik iek qF pMjfb KfVkUvfd dI igRPLq ivc af igaf ijs nfl hor sLihrF dI snaq nUM Dwkf lwgf hI srhwdI ijLilHaF Kfs krky aMimRqsr ivclI snaq nUM bhuq Dwkf lwgf. eynf Dwkf ik awiDAuN vwD snaqkfrF ny afpxy kfrKLfny, PYktrIaF bMd krky AunHF nUM ivafh GrF ivc qbdIl kr ilaf.  AuqoN bdbKqI ieh ik snaqF nUM aksr ibjlI dI kmI rihx lwgI. qIsrf ieh ik ies dy bfvjUd srkfr ny snaqkfrF dI bFh PVnoN afnfkfnI kIqI. nqIjf bhuq sfrIaF snaqF bMd hox iknfry jF iPr hor sUibaF ivc jfx leI mjbUr hox lwgIaF.

          gwl bVI isWDI sI ik KfVkUvfd nfl snaqF df ijhVf nuksfn hoieaf sI, srkfr nUM ies dI BrpfeI krnI cfhIdI sI. nf kyNdr ny bFh PVI aqy nf pMjfb srkfr ny, pr clo hux qF pMjfb dy aYm[ pIjL nUM soJI afeI ik pMjfb dI snaq nUM hor qbfh hoxoN bcfieaf jfvy. ieh gwl vI hYrfnI vflI hY ik kyNdr ny pMjfb qoN lMGidaF jMmU-ksLmIr vrgy Aus pRFq dI snaq leI afriQk pYkyj idwqf ijwQy KfVkUvfd kfrn ies df vwzy pwDr Auqy nuksfn hoieaf pr pMjfb nUM njLraMdfjL kr idwqf igaf. AuqrFcl dy ihmfcl vrgy sLFqmeI pRFqF nUM vI vwzy pwDr `qy pYkyj idwqf igaf pr ijs sUby nUM swcImucI loV sI aqy qkrIbn iek zyZ dhfkf pihlF loV sI Aus dI JolI ivc awj qwk kuJ nhIN pfieaf igaf? afKr pMjfb pRqI kyNdr srkfr dI aijhI byruKI ikAuN?

          dyr afied drusq afied muqfbk sfry aYm[ pIjL[ ny afpxy isafsI mqByd Bulf ky pMjfb dy ihwqF leI iek pRsMsfXog kdm cuwikaf hY ijs dI vwD qoN vwD sLlfGf kIqI jfxI bxdI hY. ieh ies leI vI jLrUrI hY ik ipCly idnIN hI muhflI dI snaqkfr aYsosIeysLn ny vI pMjfb srkfr sfhmxy ieQoN dI snaq dI idnoN-idn qrsXog huMdI jf rhI hflq dI nf kyvl qsvIr hI pysL kIqI sgoN AucycI apIl ieh kIqI geI ik snaqI shUlqF dI Gft kfrn ijhVIaF kuJ snaqF ihmfcl ivc bwdI vrgy snaqI itkfixaF `qy jfxIaF sLurU ho geIaF hn AunHF nUM iek qF vfps ilafAux leI Auprfly kIqy jfx, dUjf ijhVIaF snaqF pihlF hI bfhr clIaF geIaF hn AunHF nUM vfps ilaFdf jfvy. snaqkfrF leI nf kyvl kwcy mfl df hI pRbMD kIqf jfvy blik AunHF dI ivkrI nUM XkInI bxfAux vwl AucycI qvwjoN idwqI jfvy. snaqkfrF nUM loVINdIN ibjlI splfeI qF idwqI hI jfvy, AunHF leI ssqy drF Auqy krijLaF df vI pRbMD kIqf jfvy. ijhVIaF snaqF ibmfr iekfeIaF ivc bdl cuwkIaF hn, AunHF leI srkfr afpxy qOr `qy Xqn kry jF pihlF cMgIaF cl rhIaF snaqF nUM joiVaF jfvy jF iPr hunrmMd kfimaF df iek gruwp bxf ky ieh iekfeIaF AunHF nUM sONpIaF jfx. srkfr vwloN Auprokq iDafn dyx nfl bhuq sfry mUMhF ivcoN rotI dI burkI KusxoN bc jfvygI, ijhVy ies vyly aiq dy sMkt ivcoN gujLr rhy hn.

          hux jdoN kyNdr ny pMjfb dI snaq vwl iDafn dyxf sLurU kIqf hY qF pMjfb srkfr df ieh PrjL bxdf hY ik Auh pRDfn mMqrI vwl qory gey aiDaYn kfrj nUM simAuN pihlF nypry cfVn dy pRbMD kry. pMjfb df afpxf snaqI mihkmf hY ijs nUM ies kfrj ivc pUrf sihXog dyxf cfhIdf hY. ieh ies leI vI jLrUrI hY ik sihvn hI kyNdr ivc snaq df mihkmf pMjfb qoN lok sBf ivc cux ky gey pRqIinDI sRI asLvnI kumfr dy hwQF ivc hY. sRI asLvnI afpxy smyN dy AuWGy isafsqdfn sI pRboD cMdr dy spuwqr hn. ieAuN rfjnIqI qF AunHF nUM ivrsy ivc imlI hY aqy AunHF ny pMjfb dy snaqkfrF dIaF duwK qklIPF nUM mihsUs kridaF ijvyN ies pfsy Tos kdm cuwky hn, ies qoN lwgdf hY ik pMjfb ivc snaqF df BivwK hux Aujvl hox vwl vwD irhf hY. AuNj hor vI cMgf hovy jy asLvnI kumfr ny afpxy ies ahudy `qy rihM-idaF pMjfb leI koeI vwzI snaq vI kyNdr qoN mnjLUr krvf lYx. pMjfb ivc vwzIaF snaqF dI Gft hY. ies nUM pUrf krn vwl vI iDafn dyxf bxdf hY. afKr aijhIaF snaqF hjLfrF lokF leI aisWDy iswDy rujLgfr df somf bxdIaF hn.

 


 

dohIN dlIN mukfblf

-sLMgfrf isMG Buwlr

          hux jdoN ik pMjfb ivDfn sBf coxF nUM musLkl nfl Cy mhIny rih gey hn qF pMjfb dIaF do muwK isafsI iDrF ny hux qoN hI afpxIaF cox srgrmIaF afrMB idwqIaF hn. ienHF dohF iDrF ivc iek qF iDr kFgrs hY aqy dUjI hY sLRomxI akflI dl (bfdl). kFgrs dI pRDfngI ies vyly dilq afgU sLmsLyr isMG dUlo dy hwQF ivc hY jdoN ik pMjfb dy muwK mMqrI kYptn amirMdr isMG vI hux AunHF nUM ipCly kuJ smyN qoN sihXog dyx lwg pey hn. ies dI pusLtI ies pihlU qoN ho jFdI hY ik koeI vI smfgm, BfvyN Auh pfrtI df hovy jF srkfr df, aksr sRI dUlo aqy kYptn amirMdr isMG ieko styj `qy bglgIr hoey njLr afAuNdy hn. AuDr bfdl dl dy pRDfn sRI pRkfsL isMG bfdl hn jo pMjfb dy iqMn vfr muwK mMqrI rih cuWky hn aqy cOQI vfr muwK mMqrI bxn leI pr qol rhy hn.

          iek gwl spsLt hY ik pMjfb ivDfn sBf coxF ivc iksmq BfvyN hor CotIaF motIaF isafsI iDrF vI ajLmfAuxgIaF pr moty qOr `qy mwuK mukfblf Auprokq dohF iDrF ivc hovygf. CotIaF motIaF iDrF ivc dovyN kimAUinst pfrtIaF, BfrqI jnqf pfrtI, bhujn smfj pfrtI, lok BlfeI pfrtI qoN ibnF lgBg awDI drjn akflI dl hn. idlscp gwl ies vyly AuNj ieh vI hY ik AuWpr ijMnIaF vI isafsI pfrtIaF df ijLkr hoieaf hY, ienHF ivcoN isrPL kFgrs, sLoRmxI akflI dl (bfdl) aqy Bfjpf hI aijhIaF isafsI iDrF hn ijnHF dy pMjfb ivDfn sBf ivc numfieMdy hn. Bfjpf dy do pRqIinD hn. AuNj qF ipClIaF ivDfn sBf coxF ivc kimAUinst pfrtI dy vI do ivDfiek cuxy gey sn pr ies nUUM BfrqI kimAUUinst pfrtI dI bdbKqI kho jF kFgrs dI KusLiksmqI ik ieh dovyN kFgrs ivc sLfml ho gey. ieh muwK mMqrI kYptn amirMdr isMG dI klf kOsLlqf df kmfl hI smJo ik AunHF ny afpxy jfdU nfl ienHF dohF ivDfiekF nUM kFgrs ivc sLfml krky afpxf gVH mjLbUq kr ilaf. ies qoN ibnF nf qF iksy hor sLoRmxI akflI dl, nf lok BlfeI pfrtI aqy nf hI bspf df koeI pRqIinD ivDfn sBf ivc hY.

          XkInn ieh sfrIaF pfrtIaF aYqkIN ivDfn sBf ivc phuMcx leI awzI cotI df jLor lfAuxgIaF. BfrqI kimAUinst pfrtI dI pMjfb sfKf dy jnrl skwqr sRI jgrUp isMG ny bIqy qoN sbk isKidaF hoieaf ipCly idnIN ieh aYlfn kIqf ik Auh ieh coxF afpxy blbUqy Auwqy hI lVngy, iksy nfl sFJ iBaflI krn df svfl hI pYdf nhIN huMdf. iesy qrHF ipCly idnIN bspf suprImo bIbI mfieafvqI pMjfb dy dOr `qy afeI aqy Aus ny vI coxF lgBg iekwilaF lVn df aYlfn kr mfiraf hflFik ieh qwQ sLfied Auhdy iDafn ivc nhIN ik iek smyN pMjfb ivc bspf df ijhVf kuJ bolbflf sI, Auh ies ivc Puwt pYx aqy bspf dy muKI bfbU kFsLI rfm dy pMjfb dy isafsI idRsL qoN lFBy ho jfx kfrn bhuq iPwkf pY igaf. ies vyly jy bspf ny pMjfb ivc afpxf kuJ nF cldf rwKxf hY qF ies nUM iksy nf iksy pfrtI nfl BfeIvflI pfAuxI pvygI BfvyN bfdl dl nfl pf lvy jF kFgrs nfl. iekwilaF ies dI dfl nhIN gl skxI.

          AuDr lok BlfeI pfrtI aqy bfkI akflI dl vI jy iekwly iekwly lVy qF qy AunHF dy pwly kuJ nhIN jy pYxf pr jy AunHF ny koeI pMQk PrMt bxf ilaf ijvyN ik kdI kdI rOlf rwpf pYNdf hY, iPr sLfied ieh pMjfb ivDfn sBf dIaF brUhF qwk phuMc jfvy. ienHF akflI dlF ivcoN vI sLRomxI akflI dl (aMimRqsr) ny ienHF nfl nhIN rlxf. aMimRqsr akflI dl dy pRDfn sRI ismrnjIq isMG mfn dIaF afpxIaF hI qrjIhF hn. bfkI akflI dlF ivcoN sLRomxI akflI dl (lONgovfl) dy pRDfn pRo[ pRym isMG cMdUmfjrf aqy sLRomxI akflI dl (1920) dy muKI rvIieMdr isG dI afpo ivc cMgI bx skdI hY. awgoN ienHF dohF dI lok BlfeI pfrtI dy pRDfn sRI blvMq isMG rfmUvflIaf nfl cMgI inB skdI hY. ies qoN ibnF sRI aiqMdrpfl isMG aqy jsvMq isMG mfn dy akflI dlF ny afpxI zugzugI vjfeI jfxI hY.

          KLYr! gwl QoVI ijhI lFBy clI geI. gwl qF ivcoN ieh sI ik aYqkIN pMjfb ivDfn sBf coxF ivc kFgrs aqy bfdl dl ivc zwt ky mukfblf hovygf. iek smyN qF lgdf sI ik bfdl dl cVHfeI kr irhf hY. ieh AudoN dI gwl hY jdoN kFgrs ivc aMdrKfqy sB awCf nhIN sI aqy pfrtI dI aMdrUnI lVfeI df aKfVf aksr idwlI jf bxdf sI. ieh AudoN dI gwl hY jdoN kuJ muwidaF AuWqy sRI dUlo aqy kYptn amirMdr isMG dy afpsI mqByd sn. iPr ieh AudoN dI gwl hY jdoN kYptn sfihb bhuqf krky bfhr pfrtI aMdr dIaF isafsI kfnPrMsF aqy smfgmF `qy Gwt ivcrdy sn. ieho Auh smF sI jdoN sLRomxI akflI dl (bfdl) ny pMjfb srkfr aqy kFgrs dohF AuWqy hI iqwKy hmly bolxy sLurU kr idwqy. ienHF hmilaF dI sLurUafq suKbIr bfdl vWloN kIqI geI. iPr vyKf vyKI sRI pRkfsL isMG bfdl ny vI AuhIE rfh PV ilaf. afh huxy ijhy ikqy nvF sLihr vfly pfsy dl dI iek vwzI kfnPrMs nUM sMboDn kridaF sRI pRkfsL isMG bfdl ny iewQoN qk kih idwqf hY ik jy bfdl dl dI srkfr bx geI qF pitafly vflf moqI mhwl inlfm kr idaFgy.

          sLRomxI akflI dl (bfdl) ny ipCly kfPLI smyN qoN afpxIaF cox gqIivDIaF afrMBIaF hoeIaF hn. ies dI pUrI dI pUrI vfgzor KLud sRI bfdl dy hwQF ivc hY jo coxF lVn dy bVy mfhr hn. AunHF dy hlikaF muqfbk Gr Gr ivc ikMnIaF votF hn aqy iks pirvfr dI ikWQy irsLqydfrI hY aqy AunHF nUM ikvyN BugqfAuxf hY, ies sB kfsy df AunHF nUM cMgf vl afAuNdf hY. ipCly Cy dhfikaF qoN Auh iehIE kuJ kr rhy hn. pihlF sRI bfdl nrm suBfa vfly afgU mMny jFdy sn aqy lgdI vfhy Auh iksy nUM vI, BfvyN Auh AunHF df ikMnf vI vwzf dusLmx ikAuN nf hovy, kOVf nhIN sn boldy pr jdoN qoN iek do vfr kYptn amirMdr isMG AunHF qy AunHF dy pirvfr iKlfPL sKLq bol bfxI boly hn, AudoN qoN sRI bfdl vI kYptn amirMdr isMG nUM JwtIaF lY lY pYx lwgy hn pr ieh rfh AunHF dy puwqr suKbIr isMG ny suJfieaf hY.

          suKbIr bfdl akflI dl dI ijs vI kfnPrMs jF pRogrfm ivc sLfml huMdf hY, AuWQy hI afpxI pfrtI dy nyqfvF qy vrkrF dI rwj ky qfrIPL krn ipwCoN kFgrs pfrtI, srkfr aqy kYptn amirMdr isMG AuWqy qvf lf Drdf hY. Auhdy bol ikqy sKLq huMdy hn. idlcsp gwl hY ik ienHF sKLq bolF dI akflI dl dy vrkrF qy nyqfvF vwloN jLordfr qfVIaF mfr ky pRsMsf kIqI jFdI hY. hux hfl ieh ho igaf hY ik pMjfb dy ijs iksy hlky ivc vI sLRomxI akflI dl (bfdl) df koeI Cotf vwzf pRogrfm huMdf hY qF AuWQoN dy nyqfvF dI pihlI mMg ieh huMdI hY ik suKbIr bfdl ies pRogrfm ivc jLrUr hfjLrI lgfAux.

          shI gwl qF ieh hY ik do hjLfr do ivc kYptn amirMdr isMG vwloN pMjfb dy muwK mMqrI dI gwdI sMBflx ipwCoN AunHF ny ijvyN akflIaF nUM jLordfr ZMg nfl dbwlxf sLurU kIqf sI, Aus nfl lgBg sfry akflI vrkr qy nyqf iswQl ijhy ho gey sn, sxy sRI pRkfsL isMG bfdl qy suKbIr bfdl dy, pr hux ipCly kuJ smyN qoN ijvyN sLoRmxI akflI dl (bfdl) ny pMjfb ivc QF QF kfnPrMsF qy jlsy krny sLurU kr idwqy hn aqy pMjfb srkfr dy iKlfPL iek vwzI muihMm ivwZ idwqI hY, ies nfl akflI vrkrF qy nyqfvF ivc pihlF dI qrHF josL Aubfly mfrn lwg ipaf hY. swcI gwl qF ieh hY ik ies vyly sLRomxI akflI dl (bfdl) kFgrs pfrtI aqy muwK mMqrI kYptn amirMdr isMG dI srkfr nMU bfhF Aulfr Aulfr llkfry mfr rhy hn aqy coxF ivc vyK lYx dy cYlMj suwt rhy hn.

          AuNj ies vyly jy bfdl dl ny coxF leI hux qoN pUrI qrHF iqafrI kr idwqI hY qF Gwt kFgrs vwloN vI nhIN ho rhI. hux lgdI vfhy koeI aYsf pRogrfm nhIN huMdf ijwQy muwK mMqrI hfjLrI nf Brdy hox. Auh hr kfnPrMs qy smfgm ivc lfjLmI phMucdy hn. vrkrF qy nyqfvF nUM iekmuwT rihx dIaF qfkIdF krdy hn blik lokF nUM kihx lwgy hn ik kFgrs pfrtI nUM pMjfb ivc hkUmq krn df iek hor mOkf idwqy jfvy. Auh afpxI srkfr dIaF pRfpqIaF igxfAuNdy hn. AunHF AuWqy pihlF ieh dosL lgdf sI ik Auh pfrtI dIaF kfnPrMsF qy smfgmF ivc jFdy nhIN. ies nfl vrkrF ivc inrfsLf PYldI sI. mMqrIaF qy ivDfiekF nUM nf imlx df vI ijhVf dosL AunHF AuWqy lgdf sI, hux Auh vI dUr hoxf sLurU ho igaf hYy ikAuNik hux sfiraF nUM nfl qoiraf jf irhf hY. qfjLf kVI ivc sfry mMqrIaF aqy ivDfiekF ivc lokF nfl sMprk krn leI ikhf igaf hY. afKr ieho hI sMprk hY ijhVf pfrtI nUM pfr lf skdf hY.

          ipCly kuJ smyN dy jy ipRMt aqy ielYktrfink mIzIaf dIaF irportF nUM vI ghu nfl vficaf jfvy qF ieh gwl afsfnI nfl khI jf skdI hY ik kFgrs aqy bfdl dl dohF ny coxF nUM lY ky lokF ivc jfxf sLurU kr idwqf hY. kYptn amirMdr isMG dy afrfmpRsq suBfa kfrn ijwQy pihlF ieh lgdf sI ik bfdl dl coxF afsfnI nfl ijwq jfvygf, AuWQy hux mwuK mMqrI vwloN hr QF hfjLr hox dI ivKfeI jf rhI srgrmI nfl ieh Bfsx lwg ipaf hY ik lVfeI eynI afsfn nhIN ijMnI ik smJI jf rhI hY. dohIN dlIN sKLq mukfblf hovygf. bfjLI kox mfrdf hY, ieh afAux vflf smF hI dwsygf. simAuN pihlF aijhI itwpxI krnI Auicwq nhIN hovygf.

 


akflIaF df KVkf dVkf

-sLMgfrf isMG Buwlr      

          akflIaF bfry kdI ijhVf ieh ihwk Tok ky afiKaf jFdf sI ik jdoN ieh swqf ivc hox qF afpo ivc lVdy iBVdy rihMdy hn, pr jdoN swqfhIx hox qF iekwTy ho ky swqfDfrI iDr nUM lgdI vfhy gwdIAuN lfh ky sfh lYNdy hn. vrqmfn pRsiQqIaF ivc ies Dfrnf dy koeI mfany nhIN rih jFdy, Auh vI AudoN, jdoN awj akflI ienHIN idnIN afps ivc KfnfjMgI AuWqy AuWqry hoey hn. ies dI qfjLf imsfl pihlF 2 julfeI nUM hirmMdr sfihb kMplYks ivc mMjI sfihb ivKy aqy iPr iek hPLqf ipwCoN luiDafxf siQq srkt hfAUs ivc sLRomxI akflI dl (bfdl) aqy sLRomxI akflI dl (aMimRqsr) dy afgUaF aqy vrkrF ivc kyvl hwQopfeI hI nhIN hoeI sgoN iek-dUjy AuWqy zFgF qy qlvfrF vrHfeIaF geIaF aqy nIlIaF qy pIlIaF pwgF pYrF ivc rolIaF geIaF.

          isqm dI gwl qF ieh hY ik 2 julfeI vfly idn ijhVf pihlF tkrfE ienHF dohF iDrF ivc hoieaf Aus ivc iek pfsy jy sLoRmxI gurduafrf pRbMDk kmytI dy pRDfn jQydfr avqfr isMG mwkV dI pwg lwQ geI, AuWQy akflI dl (aMimRqsr) dy pRDfn sRI ismrnjIq isMG mfn dI pwg vI AuWqr geI. hor qafjLb ieh ik jQydfr avqfr isMG mwkV dI pwg qF gfieb hI ho geI aqy ieh sLRomxI kmytI dI tfsk PLors vwloN lwK twkrF mfrn dy bfvjUd nhIN lwB skI. akflIaF dI ies afpsI KfnfjMgI nUM kI khIey, ieho ik sLrm mgr Aun ko afqI nhIN.

          ibnF sLwk akflI jMgjU hn aqy ienHF df ieiqhfs kurbfnIaF nfl Biraf ipaf hY pr ies df mqlb ieh nhIN ik afps ivc hI AulJ ky iek-dUjy dIaF pwgF lfhux. vyiKaf jfvy qF akflIaF df jnm hI ainaF ivruwD jUJx qoN hoieaf, pr hux ieh ainaF ivruwD zwtx dI QF afpixaF nfl hI AulJ rhy hn. lgBg 8 dhfikaF df akflIaF df ieiqhfs qF ieho kihMdf hY ik ieh AudoN gurduafrf suDfr lihr dy hwk ivc inwqr ky lVy. iPr pMjfbI sUby leI lVy aqy Aus qoN ipwCoN pMjfb dIaF smyN smyN pYdf huMdIaF rhIaF mMgF Kfqr kyNdr srkfr nfl lVdy rhy. ipCly cfr pMj dhfikaF ivc ijMny morcy, aMdoln aqy sMGrsL akflIaF ny ivwZy aqy jylHF BrIaF, zFgF KfDIaF, sLhIdIaF vI pRfpq kIqIaF, ies qrHF df juJfrU ieiqhfs sLfied hI pMjfb jF ihMdusqfn dI iksy hor isafsI iDr df irhf hovy. swc puwCo qF Auh smF vI ieho ijhf sI jdoN akflI afpxy vwzy afgU dy swdy AuWqy lVn, mrn aqy jylHF Brn leI iqafr ho jFdy sn.

          pr awj hflfq pUrI qrHF bdl cuwky hn. akflI keI DiVaF ivc vMzy jf cuwky hn. hr DVf svfrQ ivc iGiraf hoieaf hY blik pRsiQqIaF mhfrfjf rxjIq isMG dy idhFq qoN bfad vflIaF, akflI isafsq ivc bxIaF hoeIaF hn. hr koeI afpxI cODr cmkfAux leI srgrm hY aqy dUjy AuWqy ijs qrHF dy vI dUsLx lfey jf skdy hox, lfAux qoN nhIN ihckcf irhf. sfry akflI dl iek-dUjy dy keI hor pihlUaF nUM lY ky inMidaf krnoN vI bfjL nhIN af rhy. aijhy hflfq ivc, jdoN akflI dl, iek-dUjy dy lhU dy ipafsy hox qF ienHF vwloN swqfDfrI iDr koloN hkUmq Kohx leI iekmuwT hox df svfl hI pYdf nhIN huMdf, AuWQy vrqmfn hkUmq aijhI siQqI df bfhr bYT ky KUb qmfsLf vyKdI hY aqy vyK vI rhI hY.

          iek gwl qF spwsLt hI hY ik pMjfb ivc ies vyly ijhVy pMj-Cy akflI dl hn, AunHF dy nyV BivwK ivc iekwTy hox df svfl hI pYdf nhIN huMdf. hr koeI afpxI zwPLlI alwg alwg vjf irhf hY, bfvjUd ies dy ik hor iCaF mhIinaF nUM pMjfb ivc ivDfn sBf coxF hox vflIaF hn. ienHF akflI dlF ivcoN muwK sRI pRkfsL isMG bfdl dI agvfeI hyTlf sLoRmxI akflI dl (bfdl) hY aqy dUjf sRI ismrnjIq isMG mfn dI agvfeI hyTlf sLRomxI akflI dl (aMimRqsr), qIsrf sRI rvIieMdr isMG dI agvfeI hyTlf akflI dl (1920) hY aqy cOQf sLRomxI akflI dl (lONgovfl), ijs dI agvfeI pRo[ pRym isMG cMdUmfjrf dy hwQF ivc hY. pMjvF afl ieMzIaf sLRRomxI akflI dl hY ijs dy pRDfn sRI jsvMq isMG mfn hn aqy ies dl nUM vDyry krky srkfrI dl dy nF nfl pukfiraf jFdf hY ikAuNik ieh isrPL KLbrF qwk hI sImq hY. iek hor CyvF dl vI hY, sLoRmxI akflI dl (ieMtrnYsLnl) ijs dy pRDfn lok sBf dy sfbkf mYNbr sRI aiqMdrpfl isMG hn. ies dl df crcf vI kdy kdfeIN hI huMdf hY.

          vDyry krky pihly cfr dl hI surKIaF ivc rihMdy hn. ienHF ivcoN vI pihly do dl vDyry srgrm hn qy vyiKaf jfvy qF awgoN ienHF ivcoN vI pihlf bfdl dl hI asl akflI dl mMinaf jf irhf hY. Auh ies leI ik ieho akflI dl hY ijs dy awj pMjfb ivDfn sBf ivc sfZy iqMl drjn dy krIb ivDfiek hn aqy lok sBf ivc 11 aYWm[ pI[ hn. bfkI ijMny vI dl igxfey gey hn, iksy df vI koeI ivDfiek nhIN blik, jy ieh kwlH nUM coxF vI lVn qF ienHF nUM sLfied afpxy pRDfnF qoN ibnF hor Xog AumIdvfr vI nf iml skx. hF, mfn dl kol kuJ cMgy AumIdvfr jLrUr hn, pr ieh afAux vflf smF hI dwsygf ik Auh coxF ivc kI kfrgujLfrI kr skxgy.

          iek gwl hor vI suwt pfAux vflI nhIN. Auh ieh ik jdoN akflI dl iekwTy sn qF ieh pMjfb dIaF mMgF leI hmysLf lVn qy mrn nUM iqafr rihMdy sn. pr hux jdoN ieh KwKVI KwKVI hoey iPrdy hn qF iek qF kyNdr srkfr nUM Pfiedf hY ik ienHF vwloN nf qF ipCly simaF ivc Aus ivruwD koeI morcf lfieaf igaf aqy nf hI hux nyV BivwK ivc lfey jfx dI sMBfvnf hY. ieh ies leI ik pMjfb dIaF mMgF hux TMZy bsqy ivc pf ky rwK idwqIaF geIaF hn. nf sfry akflI dl iekwTy hox qy nf hI ienHF leI koeI aMdoln krn.

          AuDr kyNdr awgy vI iek awDy akflI dl dI Blf kI cwl skdI hY, kuJ vI nhIN. kyNdr koloN akflIaF vwloN awj koeI mMg mMnvfAuxf sLyr dy Gurny ivcoN mfs kwZx vflI gwl hY. ieh smiJaf jf skdf hY ik akflIaF dI afpsI lVfeI df pMjfb qy pMjfbIaF nUM ies gwloN nuksfn ho irhf hY ik ienHF dIaF hux cMzIgVH pMjfb nUM dyx, dirafeI pfxIaF dI vMz TIk krn aqy iCafhT ivc pMjfb dy punrgTn vyly pMjfb qoN bfhr rih gey pMjfbI boldy ielfky ies nUM muV sONpx qy hor mMgF nf koeI iekwlf-dukwlf akflI dl AuuTf skygf aqy nF hI kyNdr srkfr iekwly-dukwly akflI dl nUM koeI mfnqf dyvygI. akflIaF dI afpsI lVfeI df pMjfb qy pMjfbIaF nUM nuksfn hI nuksfn hY. kyNdr qF hI Jukygf jy Aus nUM lwgy ik akflI kwlH nUM Auhdy leI koeI vwzI musIbq KVHI kr skdy hn. hux akflIaF df lVn-iBVn vflf mfdf vI nhIN irhf.

          iPr vI iesy dOrfn akflIaF nUM hosL qoN kMm lYxf cfhIdf hY. jo kVHI do akflI dlF vWloN pihlF 2 julfeI qy iPr 9 julfeI nUM GolI geI hY, hux awj 21 julfeI nUM muV nf GolI jfvy, ijs idn isMG sfihbfn vwloN mMjI sfihb ivKy muV Dfrimk iekwT bulfieaf igaf hY. ies nUM psLcfqfp idvs df nF idwqf igaf hY. AuNj Aus idn vI 2 julfeI nUM jy sRI ismrnjIq isMG mfn nUM pMj imMt bol lYx idMdy qF ikhVf phfV izwg pYxf sI. ieh sfiraF df sFJf iekwT sI. ieh vI ik mfn sfihb bolx leI ijLwd ikAuN kr rhy sn. bhuqI vfr pRogrfm agfAUN ivAuNiqaf hMudf hY. qF hI rihMdI KUMhdI ksr 9 julfeI nUM pUrI ho geI jdoN iswKF df cMgf jlUs inkilaf. curfsI qoN ipwCoN iswKF df ijhVf aks dysL qy ivdysL ivc ivgiVaf sI, Auh niVnvyN ivc sRI afnMdpur sfihb ivKy mnfeI geI Kflsy dI qrYsLqfbdI vyly kfPLI hwd qwk TIk ho igaf sI. pr 2 qy iPr 9 julfeI vflIaF mMdBfgI GtnfvF ny iPr sfry kIqy krfey AuWqy pfxI Pyr idwqf hY. bfdl aqy mfn sfihb, dovyN isafxy iswK afgU hn. ieh juwqIaF ivc dfl vMzx AuWqy ikAuN quly hoey hn? ieAuN sfry sMsfr ivc vsdy iswKf df kwd buwq nIvF huMdf hY aqy hoieaf vI hY.

          ieh vI ik ijs rfh AuWqy quiraf jf irhf hY, ieh glq idsLf vwl jf irhf hY. pMjfb dy lokF ny pihlF hI dhfkf-zyZ dhfkf bhuq sMqfp Jwilaf hY. akflIaF dIaF ieh ihMsk vfrdfqF sfry pMjfb nUM iek vfrI muV zUMGI qy hnyrI Kwz ivc suwt skdIaF hn ikAuNik kuJ eyjMsIaF qF cfh hI iehIE kuJ rhIaF hn. BfvyN ieh akflI afgU iekwTy nhIN ho skdy aqy nf vI hox, pr pMjfb aqy pMjfbIaF dI KusLhflI leI vrqmfn sLFq aqy amn pUrbk hflfq nUM afpxIaF aijhIaF kfrvfeIaF rfhIN lFbUM lfAux df Xqn nf krn, nhIN qF ieiqhfs AunHF nUM kdI vI mfPL nhIN krygf. ieh KLud AunHF ny vyKxf hY ik vwD rhy tkrfE nUM ikvyN rokxf hY?

 


isafsI nyqfvF dy kfky

-sLMgfrf isMG Buwlr

     pMjfb dy muwK mMqrI kYptn amirMdr isMG dy puwqr Xuvrfj rxieMdr isMG nUM pMjfb pRdysL kFgrs kmytI dy huxy ijhy hoey punrgTn ivc mhwqvpUrn QF dy ky ieh spwsLt kr idwqf igaf hY ik isafsI nyqfvF dy kfikaF df rfjnIqI ivc afAux df pUrf pUrf aiDkfr hY. Xuvrfj rxieMdr isMG nUM pMjfb kFgrs kmytI df iswDf hI jnrl skwqr bxfieaf igaf hY aqy nfl hI biTMzf ijLlHf kFgrs kmytI df ieMcfrj bxf idwqf igaf hY qF ik Auh ies ijLlHy ivc hux qoN hI afpxf eynf ku afDfr bxf lvy ik kwlH kloqr nUM jy pMjfb ivDfn sBf dI cox lVnI pvy qF ieh bVI afsfnI nfl lV sky. hflFik huxy ijhy Aus dI qfjposLI df ijhVf smfgm biTMzf ivKy hoieaf, Aus ivc Xuvrfj ny kih idwqf hY ik Auh ivDfn sBf dI cox nhIN lVygf sgoN kFgrs dI mjLbUqI leI kMm krygf. cox ivc ajy smF hY. vyKo kI bxdf hY? idlcsp gwl AuNj ieh hY ik Xuvrfj rxieMdr isMG ieh vI nhIN pqf pMjfb kFgrs df muwZlf mYNbr vI hY jF nhIN pr Aus nUM kFgrs ivc ibnF iksy vI pwDr `qy kMm kIiqaF iswDI hI jnrl skwqr dI PIqI lf idwqI geI hY qy kmytI ivc ieh koeI Cotf ahudf nhIN.

     Xuvrfj rxieMdr isMG dy rfjnIqI dy aKfVy ivc Auqrn nfl sLfhI mhwl ivc hux aihm ivakqIaF dI igxqI cfr ho geI hY ijnHF df iswDf sbMD isafsq nfl sI aqy hY. pihly, kYptn amirMdr dI mfqf jI mhfrfxI mihMdr kOr vI pfrlImYNt dy mYNbr rih cuwky hn. dUjy, kYptn amirMdr isMG hn jo kfPLI smF kFgrs ivc rhy sfkf nIlf qfrf vyly iPr iswK rfjnIqI ivc pr ipwCoN kuJ muwidaF qoN KPLf ho ky muV afpxI pihlI pfrtI kFgrs ivc af gey ijhVI AunHF nUM eynI sUq bYTI ik pihlF pMjfb kFgrs kmytI dy pRDfn bxy aqy iPr muwK mMqrI. AunHF nUM srkfr clfAuNidaF sfZy cfr sfl ho gey hn qy ieh srkfr AunHF ny anykF dbfvF dy bfvjUd afpxI mnmrjLI nfl clfeI hY. rihMdy Cy mhIny vI Auh afsfnI nfl pUry kr lYxgy aqy nfl hI aglIaF ivDfn sBf coxF leI hux qoN pYNqVybfjLI vI ivAuNqxI sLurU kr idwqI hY. ies dy iswty kI inkldy hn, ieh qF smF hI dwsygf. sLfhI mhwl ivc qIjy aihm ivakqI mhfrfxI prnIq kOr hn jo ies vyly pitaflf hlky qoN lok sBf dy mYNbr hn aqy lokF nUM imlx-iglx aqy AunHF dIaF duwK qklIPLF suxn qy AunHF dy hwl kwZx leI hmysLf qqpr rihx kfrn afpxy hlky ivc bVy hrmnipafry hn. hux sLfhI mhwl dy iek hor vfsI Xuvrfj rxieMdr isMG isafsq ivc AuWqr afey hn. ieAuN ies pirvfr dI Gr ivc qF KfndfnI isafsq hY hI, bfhr vI hoeI.

     KLYr! gwl qF ivcoN ieh sI ik vwzy vwzy isafsI nyqfvF vwloN afpxy DIaF puwqrF nUM igximQ ky rfjnIqI ivc Auqfiraf jFdf hY. ies dIaF dysL dI rfjnIqI ivc keI imsflF iml jfxgIaF. hr sUby ivc hr pfrtI ivc quhfnUM aijhy ichry imlxgy ijhVy sky soDry hn. jy ipE muwK mMqrI hY jF mMqrI jF iPr vwzf isafsI afgU qF Auh afpxy puwqr jF puwqrF dI AuNgl PV ky AunHF nUM rfjnIqI dy ipVH ivc lY afAuNdf hY. keI QfeIN iqMn iqMn pIVHIaF rfjnIqI ivc ies vyly vI ivcr rhIaF hn. sLfied vwzf afgU afpxy puwqrF jF puwqr nUM rfjnIqI ivc ilaf ky afpxf vfrs bnfAuxf locdf hY aqy ies ivc Auh pUrI qrHF kfmXfb vI huMdf hY. nihrU Kfndfn, abduwlf Kfndfn, qfAU dyvI lfl, cODrI crn isMG, dyvgOVf, kruxfinDI bfl Tfkry aqy lflU pRsfd Xfdv kuJ coxvyN nF hn.

     hQly lyK ivc isrPL qy isrPL pMjfb dI rfjnIqI ivclI ies privrqI bfry crcf kIqI jfvygI ikAuNik jy dUjy sUibaF aqy dUjIaF pfrtIaF ivclI ies lVI nUM awgy qoiraf igaf qF QF df Gt jfxf suBfvk hI!hY. so gwl Xuvrfj rxieMdr isMG qoN hI sLurU krdy hF. ibnF sLwk rxieMdr isMG nUM rfjnIqI ivrsy `c imlI hY. Aus nUM afpxy mF ipE dIaF cox muihMmF ivc smyN smyN kMm krn df mOkf imilaf hY aqy Auh rfjnIqI dy guxF qoN vI jfxU ho skdf hY pr ijvyN Xkdm Aus nUM jnrl skwqr bxf ky rfjnIqI ivc Auqfiraf igaf hY, ies qoN qF iehIE lgdf hY ik kYptn amirMdr isMG aqy mhfrfxI prnIq kOr dohF ny hI isafsq ivc Aus nUM afpxf vfrs bnfAuxf cfihaf hY. ieh vI ik jy dUjy isafsI nyqfvF dy puwqr vI pihlF hI rfjnIqI ivc kMm kr rhy hn qF iPr Xuvrfj rxieMdr isMG nUM isafsq dy ipV ivc Auqfrn ivc Blf kI iJjk?

     pMjfb dy sfbkf muwK mMqrI sRI pRkfsL isMG bfdl df puwqr suKbIr bfdl kfPLI arsy qoN rfjnIqI dy ipV ivc hY. Auh kyNdr df sfbkf mMqrI irhf hY aqy ies vyly PrIdkot hlky qoN lok sBf df mYNbr hY. akflI dl dy XUQ ivMg df srpRsq hY aqy ies vyly iswK pMQ ivc afpxy ipqf sRI bfdl qoN vI cfr rwqIaF vwD lokipRX hY. lok sBf dy mYNbr hn sRI suKdyv isMG ZINzsf, jo iswK isafsq ivc bVy rOsLn idmfg aqy TrHMmy vfly afgU mMny jFdy hn, pMjfb ivc vI aqy kyNdr ivc vI mMqrI rih cuwky hn. AunHF df puwqr primMdr isMG ZINzsf pMjfb ivDfn sBf df mYNbr hY. Auh sunfm hlky qoN pihlF vI pMjfb ivDfn sBf dI pRqIinDqf kr cuwkf hY aqy afpxy ipqf vFg hlky dIaF smwisafvF hwl krn/krfAux aqy lokF nfl nyVlf myl jol rwKx krky siqkfiraf jFdf hY. blivMdr isMG  BUMdV mfnsf ielfky dy pRiswD akflI afgU hn. Auh vI pMjfb ivc mMqrI rih cuwky hn aqy hux AunHF df puwqr idlrfj isMG vI rfjnIqI dy aKfVy ivc hY. iswK isafsq dI rIVH dI hwzI hY kYptn kMvljIq isMG, pMjfb dy sfbkf KLjLfnf aqy gRih mMqrI. bVy sulJy hoey qy pRoVH afgU hn, vwzy vwzy msilaF df hwl lwBx vfly aqy bzy imlxsfr vI. Auh hux vI bnUV hlky qoN ivDfn sBf dI pRqIinDqf krdy hn aqy ipClIaF ivDfn sBf coxF ivc ijvyN hvf kFgrs dy hwk ivc vgI, Auhdy bfvjUd Auh afpxy kMm sdkf ivDfiek bxy. hux AunHF df puwqr jsjIq isMG vI hOlI hOlI rfjnIqI ivc idlcspI lYx lwgf hY.

     pRo[ pRym isMG cMdUmfjrf hn lONgovfl dl dy pRDfn aqy pMjfb dy sfbkf mMqrI. Auh pMjfb ivc qIsry morcy leI bVy Auqsuk hn. bVy AuqsLfhI afgU hn aqy Xuvk qy iksfn msilaF pRqI bVy sMjIdf, AunF df bytf vI rfjnIqI ivc AunHF df hwQ vMzfAuNdf hY. sLyrpur hlky qoN ivDfiek hn sRI goibMd isMG kFJlf. Auh do vfr mMqrI rih cuwky hn aqy pfrtI pRqI bVy vPLfdfr, dlyr aqy lokF ivsLysL krky dilq vrg dy msIhf krky jfxy jFdy hn. afpxy KfVkU aqy spwsLt gwl kihx vfly suBfa krky aksr crcf ivc rihMdy hn. AunHF df puwqr amndIp isMG vI akflI dl dy XUQ ivMg df sInIar ahudydfr bx igaf hY. pRiswD iswK afgU jQydfr gurcrn isMG tOhVf df juafeI hrmyl isMG tOhVf bfdl vjLfrq `c mMqrI irhf hY. sfbkf mMqrI jQydfr qoqf isMG df puwqr brijMdr isMG brfV AurPL mwKx isMG XUQ akflI dl df sInIar afgU hY. ajIq ieMdr isMG moPr df puwqr ivkrm isMG iZwloN XUQ kFgrs df afgU hY. purfxy akflI lIzr srdfrf isMG kohlI df puwqr surjIq isMG kohlI bfdl vjLfrq ivc mMqrI irhf hY. hux awgoN AunHF df puwqr ajIq pfl isMG kohlI XUQ akflI dl df jnrl skwqr hY aqy ies qrHF hor axigxq nF hn.

     ipwCy ijhy XUQ akflI dl dy ahudydfrF dI ijhVI lMbI cOVI sUcI aYlfnI geI, Aus nUM pVH vyK ky dl AuWqy ieh vwzf dosL lwgf ik ies sUcI ivc sLfied hI koeI aijhf akflI lIzr hovygf ijs dy puwq, Brf jF irsLqydfr nUM koeI ahudf nf idwqf igaf hovy. kuJ iesy qrHF dI siQqI ipwCy ijhy pMjfb kFgrs dy hoey punrgTn bfry hY ijs ivc byaMq isMG dy puwqr qyj pRkfsL isMG aqy awgoN AunHF dy puwqr gurkIrq isMG nUM QF idwqI geI. ies df mqlb vI sfPL hY ik jy ipE rfjnIqI ivc hY qF puwq ikAuN nf AuWqry. sRI bfdl ny vI kuJ smF pihlF ieh gwl jLor dy ky khI sI ik jy zfktr df puwqr zfktr bx skdf hY qF iPr iek isafsqdfn df puwqr rfjsI afgU ikAuN nhIN bx skdf. ieh gwl vwKrI hY ik zfktr bxn leI smF, ruipaf qy imhnq lgdI hY pr rfjnIqI ivc qF nf ihMg lwgy nf PtkVI, rMg coKf cVHy. rfjnIqI ivc Auqrn leI koeI ividak Xogqf jLrUrI nhIN. bws iksy imhrbfn df isr `qy hwQ hoxf cfhIdf hY aqy ieh hwQ isrPL afpixaF df hI ho skdf hY.

     iek vfrI rfjnIqI ivc pYr Dr ilaf, bws iPr swqy hI KYrF smJo. awj hyTly pwDr df vrkr hY, kwlH nUM AuWprly pwDr df afgU bx skdf hY. smF bdlidaF dyr nhIN lwgdI. sRI bfdl pMjfb dy iqMn vfrI muwK mMqrI rhy. kI ikhf jf skdf hY kwlH nUM suKbIr bfdl vI muwK mMqrI bx jfvy ijs leI ik Aus vwloN hr sMBv hIlf vriqaf jf irhf hY. iesy qrHF ajy kYptn amirMdr isMG muwK mMqrI hn. kwlH nUM Xuvrfj rxieMdr isMG ivDfn sBf dI cox lV ky ivDfn sBf ivc puwj skdf hY. Aus dI pfrtI dy swqfDfrI hox dI sUrq ivc Aus nUM koeI mhwqvpUrn ahudf vI iml skdf hY. AuNj vI rxieMdr isMG suKbIr bfdl vFg bfhr df piVHaf iliKaf hY aqy cMgf imlxsfr hY aqy imwT bolVf vI. iek cMgy rfjsI afgU ivc ieho qF gux hoxy cfhIdy hn ik Auh hr iek nUM iKVy mwQy imly, AuhdI gwl suxy, mdd iksy kMm ivc ho skdI hY qF jLrUr kry, jy nhIN ho skdI qF cuwp rhy pr lokF nUM nf imlxf iek rfjsI afgU dy kYrIar AuWqy bVf mfVf asr pfAuNdf hY.

     ijs qrHF dI hflfq afjLfdI dy mihjL Cy dhfikaF ipwCoN sfzI ho geI hY, Aus qoN qF lgdf hY ik isafsq ijLMdgI dy hr sohby `qy hfvI ho geI hY. qdy qF rfjsI pfrtIaF, vrkr aqy nyqf KuMbF vFg Augdy hn. hkUmq krn df ieko rfh hux rfjnIqI rih igaf hY ijwQy isafsqdfnF dy DIaF puwqr byKOPL ho ky pYr Dr rhy hn. qfey dI DI cwlI mYN ikAuN rhF iekwlI. muqfbk jy iek isafsqdfn afpxy puwqr nUM isafsq ivc Auqfrdf hY qF dUjf vI Ausy rfh nUM pRfQimkqf idMdf hY. iehIE vjHf hY ik hux mulk `c hr dUjf ivakqI iksy nf iksy rfjsI iDr nfl sbMDq njLr afAuNdf hY. sLfied, ieho kfrn hY ik rfjnIqI idnoN idn bVI gMDlI huMdI jf rhI hY aqo lokrfjI kdrF kImqF qyjLI nfl Kqm ho rhIaF hn.

 


iksy nUM vI nhIN gOldI aPsrsLfhI

-sLMgfrf isMG Buwlr

          pMjfb dy muwK mMqrI kYptn amirMdr isMG ny afpxy ahudy dI shuuM cuwkx ipCoN lokF nfl ijhVy kuJ iek vfady kIqy sn, AunHF ivcoN iek lokF nUM sfPL suQrf pRsLfsn dyxf aqy dUjf, aPsrsLfhI nUM jvfbdyh bxfAuxf hY. iehI nhIN, ies qoN pihlF jdoN Auh pMjfb ivDfn sBf dIaF PrvrI 2002 vflIaF coxF ivc pUrI qrHF ruwJy hoey sn qF AudoN vI afpxIaF cox muihMmF ivc AunHF ny lokF nfl kFgrs dy cox mnorQ pwqr ivc kIqy gey vfaidaF nUM AunHF dI srkfr bx jfx dI sUrq ivc hr hfl ivc pUrf krn df dm Biraf sI. ienHF vfaidaF ivcoN vI ieQy do df ijLkr krnf Auicq rhygf. pihlf sUby ivcoN iBRsLtfcfr dUr krnf aqy dUsrf, aPsrsLfhI nUM lokF awgy jvfbdyh bnfAuxf.

          ieh sqrF ilKy jfx vyly qk kYptn amirMdr isMG nUM afpxI srkfr clfAuNidaF lgBg sfZy cfr vrHy lMG gey hn. ienHF virHaF ivc Auh pfrtI dy cox mnorQ pwqr ivc drj kIqy gey vfaidaF nUM ikMnf ku pUrf kr sky hn, AunHF bfry hQly lyK ivc crcf krnf awj df ivsLf nhIN. awj qF gwl isrPL qy isrPL aPsrsLfhI nUM jvfbdyh bnfAux bfry hI kIqI jfvygI.

          aPsrsLfhI bfry afm pRBfv ieh mMinaf jFdf hY ik ieh BfvyN idKfvf ikMnf vI kry pr ieh iksy dI vI imwq nhIN huMdI. ieh vI ik ieh cVdy sUrj nUM slfm krn vflI huMdI hY jF iPr ijhVf ies dI bFh mroV lvy. jvfbdyhI qoN Bfv iehIE jFdf hY ik jy qF sUby dI muwK mMqrI qkVf hovy aqy Aus nUM hkUmq krnI afAuNdI hovy, iPr qF aPsrsLfhI koloN mrjLI muqfbk kMm lY lYNdf hY. ieAuN sB kMm ho jFdy hn. kMm lYx qoN Bfv hI ies dI jvfbdyhI bxdI hY pr jy muwK mMqrI hI kmjLor hovy jF iPr awgy bhuqy mMqrI vI afpxy ahudy dIaF ijLMmyvfrIaF qy PrjLF qoN nfvfkPL huMidaF jy aPsrsLfhI nUM afpxy nfl qornoN asmrQ rihMdy hn qF ies df iswDf mqlb ieh hY ik aPsrsLfhI iksy nUM vI nhIN gOldI. ieh gOldI qF isrPL AudoN hI hY jdoN muwK mMqrI, mMqrI aqy hor isafsI nyqfvF nUM ieh pqf hovy ik ies koloN kMm ikvyN sKLqI nfl lYxf hY.

          ibnF sLwk aPsrsLfhI nUM dysL dy ivkfs leI rIVH dI hwzI mMinaf jFdf hY. kYbint ny ijhVy PYsly ley huMdy hn, AunHF nUM shI arQF ivc lfgU krn dI ijLMmyvfrI iesy dI huMdI hY. hux jy kYbint qF PYsly qy PYsly lfeI jFdI hY aqy aPsrsLfhI AunHF nUM iemfndfrI jF shI ZMg nfl lfgU hI nhIN kr rhI qF spsLt hY ik ivkfs dy kMm qF rukxgy hI sgoN aPsrsLfhI ienHF vwzy isafsI nyqfvF dI vI prvfh nhIN krdI ijnHF nUM lokF ny votf pf ky cuixaf hY aqy AunHF ny pRFq jF dysL dI kfieaf klp krnI huMdI hY.

          svfl hux ieh hY ik kI ipCly chuM virHaF ivc Blf kYptn amirMdr isMG ny aPsrsLfhI nUM lokF awgy jvfbdyh bxfieaf hY? jvfb sLfied nFh ivc hY. muwK mMqrI df ahudf sMBflx ipCoN kYptn amirMdr isMG ny BfvyN aPsrsLfhI dIaF vFgF iKwcx dI pUrI koisLsL kIqI blik swcI gwl qF ieh hY ik jdoN vI koeI muwK mMqrI ahudf sMBfldf hY qF Auh sLurU-sLurU ivc aPsrsLfhI dI lgfm afpxy hwQ rwKx dI koisLsL krdf hY pr CyqI hI aPsrsLfhI Aus dy cuMgl ivcoN bfhr inklx lwg pYNdI hY. sLfied ies krky ik muwK mMqrI kol eynf smF hI nhIN huMdf jF iPr iewCf sLkqI hI nhIN huMdI ik lokF dy kMm sMvfrn leI qfienfq aPsrsLfhI kMmF nUM nypry cfVHn leI axgihlI ikAuN kry? muwK mMqrI kol sLurU-sLurU ivc do-cfr isLkfieqF afAuNdIaF hn. Auh afpxy ipMRsIpl skwqr jF iPr muwK skwqr rfhIN sbMDq aPsr nUM QF isr rwKx dI hdfieq dy ky Bul-Bulf jFdf hY. jy qF Aus isLkfieq dI qih ivc jf ky sbMDq aPsr dy kMn iKwcy jfx, iPr qF swcINmuwcI pUrI aPsrsLfhI nUM kMn ho jFdy hn pr jy afm isLkfieqF vl iDafn hI nf idwqf jfvy qF iPr aPsrsLfhI iZwl df Pfiedf AuTfAux lwg jFdI hY.

          ies vyly jdoN ik coxF ivc isrP Cy ku mhIny rihMdy hn qF aPsrsLfhI ies iZwl df pUrI qrHF Pfiedf AuTf rhI hY. ieh Pfiedf ies ny pihlF vI AuTfieaf hY. ieho ijhy pVfa `qy qF aPsrsLfhI prvfsI pMCI bx jFdI hY. vrqmfn hkUmq dy nyqfvF nfl qF sfihb slfm rwKxI hI huMdI hY, ijs iDr dy swqf ivc afAux dy mOky idKfeI dyx, Aus dy isafsI nyqfvF nfl vI hwQ imlfAuxf jF GrF dy gyVy mfrny sLurU kr idMdI hY. ipClI ivDfn sBf ivc pMjfb dy sfbkf muwK mMqrI sRI pRkfsL isMG bfdl ny ies qrHF df iek idlcsp sMkyq vI idwqf sI.

          aPsrsLfhI huMdI qF lokF dy kMm kfj krn nUM hY pr jdoN ieh bylgfm ho jfvy qF iPr iksy nUM vI dvfl nhIN. blik aPsrsLfhI df kuJ ihwsf qF lokF nfl ivwQ rwKx ivc Blf smJdf hY hflFik hoxf ies dy Ault cfhIdf hY. iek imsfl dyxI Auicq hovygI. ienHF sqrF dy lyKk ny pMjfb iswiKaf ivBfg dy iek Auwc aiDkfrI nfl iksy jfxkfrI Kfqr Gwto-Gwt ds vfr Pon `qy gwl krnI cfhI. keI vfrI Gr df Pon imlfieaf qy keI vfr dPqr df. GroN qF hr vfrI GiVaf GVfieaf jvfb imldf ik sfihb lokl gey hoey hn. dPqroN pqf lwgdf ik sfihb dOry `qy hn jF mIitMg ivc hn. jdoN puwCo ik mIitMg vflI Qf `qy Pon hovygf, AuQy hI imlf idE qF awgy jvfb imldf, jI AuQy Pon hI nhIN. iPr jy ieh puwCo ik sfihb mobfeIl nMbr dy idE qF aglf kihMdf hY ik jI mYnUM qF pqf nhIN. jy QoVf ijhf dbfa pfE qF jvfb huMdf hY ik sfihb ny mobfeIl nMbr dyxoN mnHf kIqf hoieaf hY.

          hux ieQy svfl ieh pYdf huMdf hY ik Pon Gr df hY jF dPqr df jF iPr mobfeIl, iqMny Pon srkfr dy hn aqy ienHF df mqlb lokF nfl rfbqf rwKxf hY. jy koeI aPsr ds-ds vfr Pon krn dy bfvjUd awgoN jvfb nf dyvy qF iPr ieh lokF awgy kfhdI jvfbdyhI hY? ieh qF kYptn sfihb dfl ivcoN dfxf tohx vflI gwl hY. aKy qUM roNdI ikAuN ey ikAuNik ieQy qF afvf hI AUiqaf hoieaf. pMjfb df koeI vI bfisLMdf jy iksy aPsr nfl Pon `qy gwl krnI cfhuMdf hY qF kI vjHf hY ik Auh aPsr awgoN gwl nf kry. Gwto Gwt Aus nUM gwl suxn ivc kI iJjk? koeI mdd kr skdf hY qF kry, nhIN qF afpxI asmrQf jLfhr kr dyvy. jy Auh gwl nhIN krnI cfhuMdf qF iPr pMjfb srkfr vloN hr vrHy CpfeI jFdI Aus tYlIPon zfierYktrI dI kI jLrUrq hY, ijs ivc aPsrF dy Gr dy pqy qy tYlIPon nMbr idwqy huMdy hn. ieh tYlIPon zfierYktrI CpfAuxI hI bMd kr dyxI cfhIdI hY.

          ieh aPsrsLfhI KLjLfny Auqy vwzf boJ hY. qnKfhF qy hor shUlqF df jfiejLf lY lE qF inrI bfdsLfhq hY. bhuiqaF dy GrIN iek awDI nhIN, keI-keI kfrF hr vyly KVIaF rihMdIaF hn. ijs aPsr kol kMm dy kuJ mihkmy hn, AunHF sB dIaF gwzIaF aPsrsLfhI dy puwqF-DIaF qy hor irsLqydfrF nUM Zox ivc lwgIaF rihMdIaF hn. sbjLI BfjI dy cwkr leI gwzIaF mMzIaF ivc gyVy mfrdIaF rihMdIaF hn. CotI motI cIjL leI bfjLfr df cwkr lwgdf rihMdf hY. aQfh pYtrol ibnF iksy gwl dy Auzfieaf jFdf hY. ieh aPsrsLfhI dI sLfn hY hflFik sLfn lokF dy idwqy tYksF Auwqy inrBr krdI hY qy eynI vwzI sLfn dy bfvjUd aPsr lokF nfl iswDy mUMh gwl nf krn qF iPr kfhdI jvfbdyhI hoeI?

          asl ivc jdoN vI swqf bdldI hY qF hr muwK mMqrI aPsrsLfhI nUM jvfbdyh bnfAux leI rsmI ibafnbfjLI krdf hY. vyiKaf jfvy qF huMdf kuJ nhIN. hF, ijnHF muwK mMqrIaF ny aPsrsLfhI nUM afpxy ihsfb clfieaf hY, AunHF df awj vI isvl skwqryq dy gilafiraF ivc ijLkry KYr huMdf hY. lok rfey muqfbk prqfp isMG kYroN qy sRI byaMq isMG do aijhy qqkflI muwK mMqrI hoey hn ijnHF ny aPsrsLfhI koloN loV muqfbk kMm ilaf hY. bhuqy muwK mMqrI hoAU pry krI jFdy hn. sRI bfdl nUM iek vfrI iksy ny dwisaf ik AunHF dy bhuqy aPsr dupihr vyly golP klwb jF hor QfvF `qy jf ky bYTy huMdy hn qy Auh dPLqrF ivc bhuq Gwt bYTdy hn, ies leI lokF df kMm nhIN huMdf. hflFik sRI bfdl KLud isvl skwqryq afpxy dPLqr ivc kfPLI smF bYTdy sn pr aPsrsLfhI pwKoN Auh bhuqf krky afpxy ipRMsIpl skwqr sRI rmysL ieMdr isMG aqy muwK skwqr sRI afr[ aYws[ mfn Auqy inrBr rihMdy sn. iehdy bfvjUd sRI bfdl ny kdI ieh ihMmq nhIN kIqI ik kdI dupihry golPL klwb jf ky vyKx ik AunHF dy ikMny ku aPsr dPqroN iKsk ky ieQy bYTy hoey hn. AunHF qF skwqryq ivc vI kdI iksy aPsr dy kmry ivc jfxf munfsb nhIN smiJaf hflFik ies nIqI nfl aPsrsLfhI nUM kMn ho jFdy hn. kYptn amirMdr isMG ny vI kdI ieAuN nhIN kIqf blik kYptn sfihb qF KLud skwqryq ivc Gwt bYTdy hn.

          ieh gwl suwtx vflI nhIN ik iksy srkfr nUM sPl/asPl bnfAux ivc aPsrsLfhI dI vwzI BUimkf huMdI hY. jy kYbint dy PYsilaF nUM shI smyN qy shI ZMg nfl aml ivc ilaFdf jfvy qF XkInn ies nfl lokF nUM qswlI huMdI hY. AunHF ivc srkfr pRqI ivsLvfs dI Bfvnf bxdI hY. jy lokF df srkfr ivc ivsLvfs prpwk huMdf hY qF iehdf mqlb srkfr hrmnipafrI hY pr jy lok srkfr qoN dUr huMdy hn qF ies df arQ srkfrI nIqIaF nUM shI ZMg nfl lfgU nhIN kIqf jf irhf. so sO hwQ rwsf isry `qy gwZ muqfbk jy iksy muwK mMqrI ny afpxy sLfsn kfl nUM cusq drusq rwKxf hY qF Aus nUM aPsrsLfhI nUM afpxy nfl sKLqI nfl qornf pvygf. aPsrsLfhI nUM idwqI mfVI motI iZwl Aus nUM mihMgI pY skdI hY. pMjfb dI aPsrsLfhI bfry lokF dI ikMnI ku phuMc `c hY. lok rfey qF kI, kuJ smF pihlF pMjfb dy iek mMqrI koloN puwiCaf igaf ik quhfzy iek mihkmy df AuWc aPsr kI quhfnUM kdI imilaf hY qF jvfb awgoN ieh sI ik myrI qF imlx dI iewCf hY pr Auhdy kol mYnUM imlx df vkq nhIN. hux jy ieh hflq iek mMqrI dI hY qF iPr afm lokF df kI ikhf jfvy ijhVy ik lgdY aPsrsLfhI dI izksnrI `c hI sLfml nhIN hn.

 


iksmq dy DnI hn mhfrfjf sfihb

-sLMgfrf isMG Buwlr

     pMjfb dy muwK mMqrI kYptn amirMdr isMG vfikaf hI iksmq dy DnI hn. AunHF ny jdoN qoN muwK mMqrI df ahudf sMBfilaf hY, smyN-smyN AunHF dy rfh ivc CotIaF vwzIaF aOkVF afAuNdIaF rhIaF hn pr Auh hr vfrI mwKx ivcoN vfl bfhr inklx vFg sfPL bc jFdy rhy hn. qfjLf hflfq ajy do ku hPLqy dy hn jdoN kFgrsI afgU jgmIq isMG brfV dy smrQkF ny idwlI ivc vwzy pwDr `qy jf ky sRI brfV dy hwk ivc hfa df nfarf mfiraf aqy kFgrs hfeI kmFz dy afgUaF nUM iml ky ieko iek mMg ieh kIqI ik jy kFgrs ny 2007 dIaF pMjfb ivDfn sBf coxF ijwqxIaF hn qF kYptn amirMdr isMG nUM cldf kIqf jfvy. idlcsp gwl awgoN ieh hoeI ik hfeI kmFz dy afgUaF ny ienHF smrQkF nUM ieh smJf buJf ky vfps qor idwqf ik Auh rl iml ky kMm krn. sfPL jLfhr hY ik sRI brfV dy smrQkF vwloN kYptn amirMdr isMG ivruwD ijhVf insLfnf syiDaf igaf sI, Auh KuMJ igaf hY.

     rfjDfnI ivc vwzy ahuidaF `qy bYTy nyqfvF nUM hr vyly afpxI kursI bcfAux dI icMqf lwgI rihMdI hY. iesy leI sLfied afiKaf jFdf hY ik keI vfrI afijhy bhuqy nyqf lokF dIaF mMgF AumMgF aqy ivkfs vwl loVINdf iDafn hI ies krky nhIN dy skdy ikAuNik pfrtI ivclf bfgLI DVf AunHF nUM hr vyly gwdIEN lfhux leI nf kyvl qrlomwCI hI hoieaf rihMdf hY sgoN ies leI hr sMBv Xqn vI krdf hY. gwl ieh vI suwt pfAux vflI nhIN ik vwzf afgU bhuiqaF jF sfiraF nUM KusL vI nhIN rwK skdf. ijhVf vI Aus qoN KusL nhIN, AuhIE Auhdf dusLmx - AuhdI jfn df ipafsf. hkIkq ieh hY ik Auh sfiraF nUM KusL rwK vI nhIN skdf. afKr ikqy nf ikqy qF AuhnUM lIk vfhuxI hI pvygI. ies lIk qihq Aus nUM afpxIaF sImfvF df igafn vI huMdf hY aqy Auh cOks vI rihMdf hY pr jdoN bfgLI DVf Aus AuWqy vfr hI kr dyvy qF ieh jF qF AuhdI iksmq smJo ijhVI sfQ dy geI jF iPr hfeI kmFz AuhdI ipwT AuWqy hwQ rwK dyvy vrnf aglf qF AuhnUM kwKoN hOlf qy pfxIEN pqlf hoieaf vyKx leI ieCuwk hY. ies sbMD ivc kYptn amirMdr isMG dI ipwT AuWqy hmysLf hfeI kmFz vwloN hwQ rwiKaf igaf hY.

     ibnF sLwk jdoN aqy ijnHF hflfq ivc kYptn amirMdr isMG ny rfj gwdI sMBflI, AudoN lgdf sI ijvyN pMjfb df bwcf-bwcf Auhdy nfl hY - sfrI kFgrs pfrtI AuhdI ipwT AuWqy KVHI hY ikAuNik kYptn ny coxF vyly kuJ muwdy hI aijhy Coh ley ijnHF ny AunHF nUM rfj gwdI dy kfbl bxf idwqf. ienHF ivcoN vwzf muwdf iBRsLtfcfr ivruwD muihMm ivwZxI aqy lokF nUM sfPL suQrf pRsLfsn dyxf sI. iswtf ieh ik ipClI bfdl bfdl srkfr nUM hrf ky lokF ny qfkq kYptn amirMdr isMG dy hwQF ivc sONp idwqI. pfrtI qy ies dy nyqfvF vwloN AunHF nUM srkfr clfAux leI pihlF sfl zyZ sfl qF BrpUr smrQn idwqf pr ies ipwCoN AuhIE hflq ho geI ik srkfr aqy pfrtI dohF ivc kYptn amirMdr isMG pRqI vKryvyN vflI Bfvnf AuqpMn hox lwg peI. AunHF AuWqy vwzy dosL ieh lwgx lwg pey ik iek qF AunHF vwloN iBRsLtfcfr ivruwD ivwZI geI muihMm dy Tos nqIjy nhIN inkl rhy qy dUjf, Auh lokF nUM vfady muqfbk sfPL suQrf pRsLfsn vI nhIN dy rhy aqy qIjf aqy gMBIr dosL ieh lwgx lwgf ik Auh nf qF afpxy mMqrIaF nUM TIk qrHF imldy hn aqy nf hI ivDfiekF aqy hor pfrtI vrkrF nUM.

     moty qOr `qy ieh AuNgl AunHF dI kfrjsLYlI `qy sI ijs muqfbk ijwQy qF afm nyqf lokF nUM mUMh munyr qoN lY ky geI rfq qwk imldy igldy rihMdy hn aqy AunHF dI musLklF sux ky AunHF df hwl kwZx leI XqnsLIl vI rihMdy hn, AuWQy kYptn amirMdr isMG pfrtI nyqfvF, vrkrF aqy lokF nUM afpxy ihsfb hI imldy igldy hn. iehIE kfrn kYptn amirMdr isMG ivruwD pihlI bgLfvq df bixaf. ies lVfeI ivc iek pfsy kYptn amirMdr isMG dy smrQk sn aqy dUjy pfsy ivroDI DVf. dovyN DVy ieh lVfeI cMzIgVHoN cuwk ky idwlI lY gey kFgrs hfeI kmFz kol. iek vyly afm lokF nUM lwgx lwgf sI ik kYptn amirMdr isMG dI srkfr geI ik geI pr bc bcfa ho igaf.

     bIbI sonIaf gFDI aqy kyNdrI mMqrI sRI ntvr isMG sdkf kYptn amirMdr isMG df vfl vI ivMgf nhIN hoieaf. sRI ntvr isMG kYptn amirMdr isMG dy aiq njLdIkI irsLqydfr hn jdoN ik bIbI sonIaf gFDI vI mhfrfjf pirvfr dy krIb mMny jFdy hn. rfjIv gFDI qy kYptn amirMdr isMG kuJ smF dyhfrdUn ivc iekwTy hI pVHy hn. skUl pwDr dI sFJ mgroN AudoN pirvfrk imwqrqf ivc bdl geI jdoN rfjIv gFDI qy sonIaf gFDI ivafh krvf ky kuJ idnF leI pitafly kYptn amirMdr isMG kol af ky Tihry.

     kYptn amirMdr isMG dy bfgLI DVy dy pihly vfr qoN bc jfx ipwCoN srkfr qy pfrtI dovyN rvF rvIN qurn lwg pey. ies dOrfn do GtnfvF hor vfprIaF ijhVIaF iek qrHF kYptn amirMdr isMG dy ivruwD hI jFdIaF sn. pihlI sI 2004 ivc pMjfb ivc lok sBf coxF aqy dUjI, pMjfb pRdysL kFgrs burI qrHF hfr geI. ies nUM 13 ivcoN isrPL do sItF imlIaF. bfkI sItF AuhIE sLRomxI akflI dl (bfdl) lY igaf ijhVf 2002 dIaF pMjfb ivDfn sBf coxF ivc kFgrs pfrtI hwQoN hfr igaf sI. AuDr pMjfb kFgrs dy pihly pRDfn sRI aYc[ aYws[ hMspfl dI QF sRI sLmsLyr isMG dUlo nUM nvF pRDfn bxfieaf igaf. kYptn amirMdr isMG iswDy lPLjF ivc sRI dUlo dy hwk ivc nhIN sn. ies df iejLhfr AunHF ny afpxy kuJ ibafnF ivc vI kIqf. ies qoN kYptn amirMdr isMG qy sRI sLmsLyr isMG dUlo ivc kuJ ivwQ pYxI sMBv sI ijhVI ik peI aqy hux vI hY.

     ieh qwQ BfvyN koeI mMny jF nf, sRI dUlo hux vI keI muwidaF `qy muwK mMqrI nfloN alwg sur qy alwg ivcfrDfrf rwKdy hn. dUr kI jfxf hY, irlfieMs nUM jLmIn dyx aqy muhflI ivc sUcnf qy qknflojI nfl sbMDq adfiraF nUM jLmIn dyx dy svfl `qy sRI dUlo df ruK sI ik jLmIn AunHF kMpnIaF nUM idwqI jfvy ijhVIaF pMjfbI XuvkF nUM pihl dy afDfr `qy nOkrIaF dyx. ies qoN ibnF hor vI anykF mOky afey hn jdoN jo kuJ kYptn amirMdr isMG ny ikhf, kFgrs pRDfn sRI dUlo Aus nfl sihmq nhIN hoey jF AunHF ny afpxI mrjLI dI gwl khI. iehdy bfvjUd kYptn amirMdr isMG hn ik Auh afpxI mVHk cfly qur rhy hn. bQyry nyqf aqy lok AunHF dy keI pwKF nUM lY ky tIkf itwpxI krdy hn pr Auh iksy vwl vI iDafn nhIN idMdy aqy AunHF nUM jo TIk lgdf hY, AuhIE kuJ krdy hn. pfxIaF vfly smJOqy `qy AunHF dI bVI vfh-vfh hoeI hY aqy iPr pfiksqfn nfl sbMD suDfrn vfly pihlUaF nUM lY ky vI. aMimRqsroN nnkfxf sfihb nUM bws syvf sLurU krfAuxI aqy cfr-mfrgI sVk bnvfAuxI, aijhy muwdy hn ijnHF ny kYptn amirMdr isMG nUM iswK pMQ dy nyVy lY aFdf hY. Bfrq aqy pfiksqfn dy aqy KLfs krky ijvyN pUrbI aqy pwCmI pMjfb dohF dy sbMD idnoN idn vDyry suKfvyN ho rhy hn, ies nfl lokF dy idlF ivc kYptn amirMdr isMG dI iewjLq hor vDI hY. hux ijvyN sRI gurU arjn dyv jI dI cOQI sLhIdI sLqfbdI mOky lfhOr `c hoey pRogrfm aqy nnkfxf sfihb ivc gurU nfnk dyv jI dy nF `qy XUnIvristI bnfAux df aYlfn kIqf igaf hY, ies df bhuqf jws vI kYptn amirMdr isMG nUM jf irhf hY hflFik sLhIdI sLqfbdI sbMDI sfry pRogrfm sLRomxI gurduafrf pRbMDk kmytI vwloN nypry cfVHy gey hn.

     lok sBf dIaF 2004 dIaF coxF qoN kuJ smF ipwCoN iek vfrI iPr kYptn amirMdr isMG ivruwD bfgLI sur AuBrI. ies nUM vI kFgrs hfeI kmFz vwloN dbfa idwqf igaf. ies vfrI vI dohF DiVaF ny idwlI ivc jf zyry lfey pr kFgrs hfeI kmFz ny dohF nUM smJf buJf ilaf. ies lVfeI df bfgLI iDr nUM eynf ku Pfiedf hoieaf ik ies dI afgU bIbI rfijMdr kOr BwTl nUM izptI muwK mMqrI df ahudf iml igaf. ikwQy qF sLurU ivc jdoN kYptn amirMdr isMG qy bIbI BwTl ivc afpsI rVk sLurU hoeI qF muwK mMqrI ny Auhdy koloN pMcfieq ivBfg vfps lY ky Aus nUM iswiKaf qy qknIkI iswiKaf vrgf mihkmf dy idwqf pr hux ipCly kfPLI smyN qoN bIbI BwTl qy kYptn amirMdr isMG ivckfr kfPLI bxdI hY. vyKx vflI gwl ieh hY ik kYptn amirMdr isMG ivruwD ivwZIaF geIaF pihlIaF dohF bgLfvqF vyly BfvyN bIbI sonIaF gFDI aqy sRI ntvr isMG df hwQ kYptn dI ipwT AuWqy sI pr aYqkIN sRI brfV smrQkF vwloN idwlI ivc kYptn ivruwD kIqy gey ivKfvy vwl sRI ntvr isMG dy nf hox dy bfvjUd kFgrs hfeI kmFz ny kYptn amirMdr isMG dI rwK ivKfeI. jLfhr hI hY ik jo kuJ bIbI sonIaf gFDI ny ikhf hoeygf, AuhIE kuJ hfeI kmFz ny ikhf.

     hkIkq AuNj ieh hY ik kYptn amirMdr isMG ivruwD jdoN pMjfb srkfr ivc pihlI bgLfvq hoeI qF Aus vyly iek rfjsI ivsLlysLxkfr ny afiKaf sI ik ijMnf icr bIbI sonIaf gFDI idwlI ivc kfbjL hY, Enf icr qwk kYptn amirMdr isMG dI vfa vwl koeI nhIN vyK skdf. ipCly cfr sfZy cfr sflF ivc aYn ieho hoieaf hY. hux qF igxqI dy mhIny rih gey hn srkfr dy aqy ienHF idnF ivc kYptn amirMdr isMG ny afpxy afp nUM pihlF dI insbq vDyry qory Pyry vwl lf ilaf hY aqy lokF nUM imlxf iglxf vI sLurU kr idwqf hY. mMqrIaF, ivDfiekF, pfrtI nyqfvF vwloN ivkfs dy nF `qy KUb grFtF vMzIaF jf rhIaF hn. kYptn amirMdr isMG dI kuJ kuJ bdlI kfrjsLYlI qoN kFgrs vfly vI hux kfPLI AuqsLfh ivc hn hflFik tfkrf ienHF df akflI dl dy Aus pRDfn sRI pRkfsL isMG bfdl nfl hoxf hY ijhVf coxF lVn df mfihr hY aqy pfrtI nyqfvF qy vrkrF nUM imlx iglx dy islisly ivc afm lokF df lIzr mMinaf jFdf hY

 


iswK pMQ `c awj iKwc df kyNdr hY suKbIr bfdl

-sLMgfrf isMG Buwlr

          ies ivc koeI do rfvF nhIN ik suKbIr isMG bfdl awj iswK isafsq ivc pUrI qrHF iKwc df kyNdr bixaf hoieaf hY. ies vyly Auh lok sBf df mYNbr hY. ies qoN pihlF Auh sRI atl ibhfrI vfjpfeI vyly kOmI jmhUrI gTjoV dI srkfr ivc akflI dl (bfdl) df Auh jnrl skwqr hY aqy sLoRmxI akflI dl dy XUQ ivMg df srvy srvf - XfnI XUQ ivMg ijs dy pRDfn sRI sLrnjIq kOr iZwloN hn pr ivMg ivc huMdf AuhIE kuJ hY jo suKbIr isMG bfdl locdf hY. aYn ieho kuJ sLRomxI akflI dl (bfdl) ivc vI huMdf hY jo kuJ suKbIr isMG bfdl cfhuMdf hY blik awj bhuq akflI nyqf aqy vrkr vyK hI suKbIr bfdl vwl rhy hn. iswK hlikaF ivc suKbIr bfdl nUM bVIaF afs BrIaF njLrF nfl pMjfb dy sMBfvI muwK mMqrI vjoN vyiKaf jf irhf hY.

          iek smyN qwk qF KLud pMjfb dy sfbkf muwK mMqrI aqy sLRomxI akflI dl (bfdl) dy pRDfn sRI pRkfsL isMG bfdl AuudoN ieho ijhy ibafn aksr idMdy sn ik suKbIr bfdl ajy pMjfb df muwK mMqrI bxn dy Xog nhIN, jdoN gfhy bgfhy iswK hlikaF ivc jF iPr isafsI qy ieiqhfsk kfnPrMsF ivc kuJ akflI afgU suKbIr bfdl nUM pMjfb df muwK mMqrI vjoN icqvdy pr ipCly QoVy ijhy smyN qoN jdoN qoN suKbIr bfdl ny vwK-vwK QfvF `qy huMdy isafsI jlisaF aqy kfnPrMsF ivc vrqmfn kFgrs srkfr aqy ivsLysL krky muwK mMqrI kYptn amirMdr isMG ivruwD DUMaFDfr bolxf sLurU kr idwqf hY, AudoN qoN KLud sRI pRkfsL isMG bfdlI ieh ibafn dyx lwg pey hn ik jy iek zfktr df puwqr zfktr bx skdf hY qF iek rfjnIqIvfn df puwqr nyqf ikAuN nhIN bx skdf? BfvyN vwzy bfdl dI ieh qulnf bhuqI vfjb nhIN pr AunHF df kihxf iblkul Auicq lgdf hY ik suKbIr bfdl muwK mMqrI ikAuN nhIN bx skdf?

          AuNj vyiKaf jfvy qF iek ipE dI ieh iewCf Blf ikAuN nhIN ho skdI ik Aus df puwqr muwK mMqrI nf bxy. ieh gwl pMjfb dI iswK isafsq AuWqy hI ikAuN bMdsLF lfey, guaFZI sUby hirafxf ivc qfAU cODrI dyvI lfl afp sUby dy muwK mMqrI rhy. iPr AunHF df puwqr Em pRkfs cOtflf hirafxf df muwK mMqrI irhf. awgoN sRI cOtflf dy dovyN puwqr rfjnIqI ivc hn. kI pqf lfAux vfly smyN ivc sRI cOtflf df qfj qIsrI pIVHI isr rwiKaf jfvygf. ieho kuJ pMjfb ivc vI sMBv ho skdf hY. ieh vwKrI gwl hY ik ieh dUjI pIVHI hovygI. sRI bfdl iqMn vfr pMjfb dy muwK mMqrI bx cuwky hn aqy hux cOQI vfr muwK mMqrI bxn leI pr qol rhy hn.

          gwl rqf ku lFBy clI geI hY. gwl qF suKbIr bfdl `qy kyNdirq ho rhI sI. ipCly cfr Cy mhIinaF ivc ijMnf ku GuMm iPr ky aqy iswK afgUaF nfl gwl krky pqf lwgf hY, Aus muqfbk awj iswK pMQ ivc suKbIr bfdl dI mMg pihlF dI insbq ikqy vD geI hY. awj pMjfb dy iksy vI ijLlHy ivc bfdl dl nfl sbMDq isafsI kfnPrMs hoxI hovy jF koeI pbilk jlsf qF lokl iswK afgUaF qoN ibnF pfrtI vrkrF dI ieh idlI qFG huMdI hY ik suKbIr bfdl Aus kfnPrMs ivc hfjLrI jLrUr Brn. sRI pkfsL isMG bfdl aqy hor vwzy iswK isafsI nyqfvF ny vI BfvyN Aus ivc hfjLrI jLrUr dyxI huMdI hY.

          jLfhr hI hY ik pfrtI nyqfvF qy vrkrF dI aijhI mMg qoN sRI pRkfsL isMG bfdl df aMdry aMdr KusL hoxf suBfivk hI hY aqy sLfied ieho vjHf hY ik pihlF Auh afm jlisaF ivc ijwQy suKbIr bfdl bfry gwl krnoN rqf ku ihckcfAuNdy sn; AuWQy hux KuwlH ky Aus dy hwk ivc vI gwl krn lwg pey hn. ipCly kfPLI smyN dIaF irportF gvfh hn ik bhuq sfry smfgmF `qy ipE-puwq ieko styj `qy iekwTy hI bYTy huMdy hn. ies dI qfjLf imsfl huxy ijhy sLRomxI gurduafrf pRbMDk kmytI vwloN qrnqfrn ivKy sRI gurU arjn dyv jI dI mnfeI geI cOQI sLhIdI sLqfbdI smyN kIqI gey vwK-vwK pRogrfm hn.

          ibnF sLwk rfjnIqI ivc hrmnipafrqf aYvyN pwly nhIN pYNdI. ies leI krVI Gflxf, qpwisaf krnI pYNdI hY. Coty-Coty smfgmF qoN lY ky vwzy-vwzy jlisaF qy kfnPrMsF ivc sLmUlIaq krky lokF dI nbjL PV ky pysL kIqy jfx vfly afpxy ivcfrF nfl lokF nUM vwD qoN vwD pRBfvq krnf huMdf hY. suKbIr bfdl nUM rfjnIqI BfvyN ivrsy ivc imlI hY, qF vI sLurU-sLurU ivc Auh lokF Awuqy afpxf bwJvF pRBfv nhIN pf sikaf. iewQoN qwk ik jdoN Auh kyNdr ivc mMqrI dy ahudy `qy vI ibrfjmfn sI, Aus ny afpxy afhudy nfl qF TIk iensfPL kIqf pr pMjfb dI iswK rfjnIqI ivc Auh bhuqf nhIN jMm sikaf. ies df vwzf kfrn sLfied ieh vI sI ik iek qF Auhdy ipqf pRkfsL isMG bfdl KLud bulMd sLKLsIaq dy mflk sn aqy dUjf, jQydfr gurcrn isMG tOhVf, kYptn kMvljIq isMG qy sRI suKdyv isMG ZINzsf vrgy pROVH iswK afgUaF dI mOjUdgI kfrn nf qF pMjfb ivc bhuqf ivciraf hI aqy nf hI afpxI koeI bhuqI Cfp CwzI.

          iswK pMQ ivc suKbIr nUM sRI bfdl df PrjMdy afjLm hox kfrn afdr mfx qy ipafr qF imldf irhf pr ijs qrHF dI pCfx iek pwky pORVH afgU dI hoxI cfhIdI sI, Auh Aus dI kuJ smF pihlF qwk bhuqI nhIN bx skI. ies df vwzf kfrn Aus vwloN hyTly pwDr qwk dI rfjnIqI ivc KuwB ky ihwsf nf lYxf sI jF ieh vI ikhf jf skdf hY ik sRI pRkfsL isMG bfdl df puwqr hox krky Aus nUM aijhf mOkf nhIN imilaf pr jdoN pMjfb dy muwK mMqrI kYptn amirMdr isMG ny iBRsLtfcfr dy dosLF ivc sRI bfdl aqy AunHF dy hor sfQI nyqfvF ivruwD mukwdmy drj krvfey aqy sRI bfdl qy suKbIr bfdl nUM pitafly iek hPLqf jylH ivc rwiKaf igaf qF Aus iek hPLqy dy jylH jIvn dy sbk ny suKbIr bfdl ivc iek dm prpwk lIzrF vflI qbdIlI lY aFdI. sRI bfdl df qF kfPLI jIvn hI jylHF ivc gujLiraf hY-iek anumfn anusfr Gwto-Gwt 17 sfl pr suKbIr bfdl dy iek hPLqy dy ies jylH jIvn ny Aus nUM loVoN vwD pROVH bxf idwqf aqy nfl hI vwzy iswK afgUaF dI kqfr ivc KVf kr idwqf.

          rfjsI hlky ieh gwl prvfn krdy hn ik jylH ivwcoN inklx ipwCoN suKbIr bfdl dy ivcfrF ivc afeI qyjL iqwKI qbdIlI ny lokF nUM afpxy vwl iKwcxf sLurU kr idwqf. suKbIr bfdl amrIkf df piVHaf hoieaf, ierfdy df pwkf, ivsLfl idRsLtIkox df mflk aqy inmr suBfa df mflk hY. sInIar nyqfvF dy gozIN hwQ lfAuNdf hY. pr nfl hI krfrIaF gwlF vI krn lwgf hY. sLfied iehIE Auh vjHf hY ik awj suKbIr bfdl dI iswK isafsI styjF qy kfnPrMsF `qy mMg vD geI hY.

          ibnF sLwk suKbIr bfdl dI mMg vDI hY pr sLwk ies ivc vI nhIN ik Auh ijwQy ikqy vI hfjLr hoieaf hY, Aus ny pRbMDkF nUM aihsfs krvfieaf hY ik AunHF ny Aus ivc jo Brosf pRgt kIqf sI, Aus df Pl AunHF nUM vwzI hfjLrI dy rUp ivc imilaf ikAuNik jdoN lokF nUM suKbIr bfdl dy iksy jlsy ivc phuMcx dI Kbr huMdI hY qF Auh huMm humf ky phuMcdy hn. ies ivc vI sLwk nhIN ik pfrtI dy keI vwzy afgUaF ny suKbIr bfdl dI ies qrHF dI bhuqI hrmnipafrqf suKFdI nhIN pr awj suKbIr bfdl Duws dy ky lok mnF ivc dfKLl ho irhf hY. imsfl vjoN ipCly kuJ smyN qoN ijvyN muwK mMqrI kYptn amirMdr isMG sRI pRkfsL isMG bfdl aqy suKbIr bfdl ivruwD idlF dIaF zUMGfeIaF ivcoN boldy hn, guwsf kwZdy hn, Aus df jvfb pihlo pihlF suKbIr bfdl hI idaf krdf sI, jdoN ik hux sRI bfdl vI ivc ivcfly muwK mMqrI nUM AunHF dI srkfr bxn ipwCoN dyK lvFgy dIaF BbkIaF dyx lwgy hn.

          drasl bhuqy akflI nyqfvF qy pfrtI afgUaF nUM suKbIr bfdl df ieh hmlfvr ruwK cMgf lwgdf hY. kfrn ieh hY ik kYptn amirMdr isMG jdoN vI sRI bfdl jF AunHF dI srkfr ivruwD iBRsLtfcfr dy dosLF bfry KuwlH ky boldy hn qF hor koeI akflI afgU qF ies df jvfb nhIN idMdf. ieh suKbIr bfdl hI hY ijhVf ihwk Tok ky muwK mMqrI aqy AunHF hor mMqrIaF nUM cYilMj krdf hY ijhVf bfdl qy AunHF dy sfQIaF ivruwD sxy suKbIr bfdl dy guwsf kwZdy hn. myry afpxy iek ivDfiek imwqr ny kuJ mhIny pihlF mYnUM jLor dy ky ikhf ik mYN AunHF dy Aus smfgm ivc jLrUr sLfml hovF ijs ivc AunHF ny suKbIr bfdl nUM bulfieaf sI. ies smfgm ivc suKbIr bfdl ny nf kyvl afpxy sgoN afpxy ipqf dy nF nfl vI AudoN iensfPL kIqf jdoN Aus ny akflI dl dIaF pRfpqIaF aqy kFgrs srkfr dIaF nfkfmXfbIaF df ies lihjL KuwlH ky ijLkr kIqf ik Auhdy hr qIsry vfk AuWqy qfVIaF dI gVgVfht gUMjdI.

          pMjfb ivDfn sBf coxF ivc hux musLkl nfl awT mhIny rihMdy hn. muwK mMqrI kYptn amirMdr isMG ny vI afpxI jIvn sLYlI bdl ky kFgrsI nyqfvF qy vrkrF nUM srgrm krnF sLurU kr idwqf hY. Auh afpxI srkfr dIaF pRfpqIaF dy mwdynjLr ijwqx dy afsvMd vI ivKfeI idMdy hn. AuDr ijvyN anusLfsn dy nF AuWqy sRI mlkIq isMG bIrmI aqy kFgrsI afgU jgmIq brfV dy Brf irpjIq brfV nUM pfrtI ivcoN kwiZaf igaf hY, ies nfl pfrtI ivclI aMdrlI ksLmksL nUM kuJ TwlH peI hY. pr ies dy tFkry `qy ijvyN bfdl dl ny ipMzo ipMz qy sLihro sLihr jlsy jlUsF qy mIitMgF df islislf afrMiBaf hY aqy ienHF nUM ijvyN hor nyqfvF dy nfl nfl suKbIr bfdl sMboDq ho irhf hY, Aus nfl iswK afgUaF qy vrkrF ivc AuqsLfh Biraf jfx lwgf hY hflFik AUT iks krvt bYTdf hY, ies df pqf qF kyvl coxF smyN hI lwgygf.

 


isafsI nyqfvF duafly surwiKaf mulfjLmF dI Brmfr

-sLMgfrF isMG Buwlr

          ipCly idnIN iek smfgm ivc jfx df mOkf imilaf. smfgm vwzy hfl ivc sI. hfl dy bfhrvfr KuwlHI QF aqy lfan surwiKaf mulfjLmF nfl lgBg Biraf ipaf sI. AunHF ivwcoN bhuiqaF dy hwQF ivc sMqflIaF PVIaF hoeIaF sn aqy keIaF ny moZy `qy rfeIPLlF tMgIaF hoeIaF sn. Auh lgBg sfry vrdI ivc sn aqy ijvyN ijwQoN do-cfr isr juV ky ivcrdy hn, AuvyN hI Auh vI ivcr rhy sn XfnI afpo ivc KUb gwlF kr rhy sn. pqf lwgf ik Aus QF `qy vwD igxqI ivc surwiKaf mulfjLmF dy hox df kfrn iek qF AuWQy muwK mMqrI dI afmd sI aqy dUjf keI mMqrIaF aqy aPLsrF dI. kuJ iek surwiKaf mulfjLm hfl ivc vI mOjUd sn.

          spwsLt hI hY ik ieh sfry surwiKaf mulfjLm muwK mMqrI, mMqrIaF aqy hor aPLsrF nfl qfienfq sn. ienHF ivwcoN bhuqy ienHF isafsI nyqfvF dIaF koTIaF `qy vI pihrf idMdy hn aqy iPr ijwQy ikqy vI ieh nyqf jFdy hn, AuQy vI nfl-nfl rihMdy hn. ieh vI spwsLt hY ik ienHF df muwK ijLMmf Aus sLKs dI pUrI-pUrI surwiKaf krnf hY ijs nfl ienHF dI izAUtiI lwgI huMdI hY. ies pwKoN hr vyly ienHF dy isr AuWqy afpxy afgU dI surwiKaf krn dI qlvfr ltkdI rihMdI hY. vyiKaf jfvy qF rfj ieh PrjL vI bxdf hY ik jdoN ieh isafsI nyqf cox pRikiraf rfhIN muwK mMqrI jF mMqrI dy ahudy AuWqy ibrfjmfn ho jFdf hY qF Aus dI jfn mfl dI pUrI qrHF rfKI kIqI jfvy ikAuNik Auh ivakqI iPr inwj nf rih ky jnqf df ho jFdf hY. sLfied iesy pRxflI rfhIN hI aijhy isafsI nyqfvF nfl loV muqfbk surwiKaf mulfjLm lgfey jFdy hn jo cOvI GMty AunHF nfl rihMdy hn-Gr vI, dPLqr ivc vI aqy bfhr-aMdr smfgmF ivc aqy jlsy-jlUsF vyly vI.

          afpxy isafsI nyqfvF aqy aPLsrF df ies gwloN iDafn rwKxf bVI cMgI gwl hY aqy pMjfb srkfr ies pwKoN sLfied ihMdusqfn dy bhuq sfry sUibaF nfloN aWgy hY. pr keI vfr inBfeI jFdI pihlkdmI jF ijMmyvfrI, ijwQy srkfrI KjLfny AuWqy cMgf boJ pfAuNdI hY, AuwQy dUijaF nUM vI bhuq rVkdI hY. ies df vwzf kfrn ieh hY ik ijhVf vI isafsI afgU cox pRikiraf rfhIN lMG dy muwK mMqrI jF mMqrI dy ahudy AuWqy bYT jFdf hY, Aus nUM ieho surwiKaf mulfjLm AunHF afm lokF qoN dUr rwKx lwg pYNdy hn, ijnHF kfrn isafsI nyqf votF rfhIN lokF df pRqIinD cuixaf igaf hY. isafsI nyqf aqy lokF dI coxF qoN pihlF vflI nyVqf votF qoN bfad dUrI ivc bdlxI sLurU ho jFdI hY. ies df aihsfs muwK mMqrI jF mMqrIaF nUM pqf nhIN huMdf jF nhIN pr lok ieh hrigjL psMd nhIN krdy ik AunHF nUM AunHF dy ielfky dy nyqf qoN ibnF vjHf jF iPr surwiKaf kfrn dUr rwiKaf jfvy.

          ies df mqlb AuNj ieh vI nhIN ik ienHF aihm ivakqIaF dI surwiKaf hoxI hI nhIN cfhIdI. jLrUr hoxI cfhIdI hY pr iek sImf ryKf ivc. pMjfb ivc ieh gwl lfgU nhIN huMdI. iewQy qF aihm ivakqI jF hor Cotf vwzf isafs afgU afpxy nfl iek-awDf nhIN, keI-keI surwiKaf mulfjLm rwKxy cfhuMdf hY ikAuNik qnKfh qF ienHF mulfjLmF ny srkfrI KjLfinAuN lYxI huMdI hY. ijnHF nfl ieh lwgy huMdy hn, AunHF df tOar isry df bx jFdf hY jF ieAuN vI kih skdy hF ik ijnHF nUM qF srkfr ny surwiKaf mulfjLm dyxy hI huMdy hn, Auh qF idMdI hI hY pr bhuq sfry lok afnI-bhfnI afpxy nfl surwiKaf mulfjLm joV lYNdy hn. ies nUM sLfied ruqby df icMnH smiJaf jfx lwgf hY.

          keI vwzy-Coty mMqrIaF jF ivDfiekF dy PLlYtF vwl jfx df mOkf imly jF iPr mMqrIaF qy vwzy aPLsrF dIaF irhfiesLI kflonIaF ivwcoN ikqy lMGxf pvy qF qusIN vyKogy ik vjLIrF aqy hor aihm ivakqIaF dy GrF mUhry ieh surwiKaf mulfjLm pihrydfr dy rUp ivc 24 GMty KVdy hn. ies qoN ibnF afpxy muKI nfl rih ky Auh Gr jF bfhr dy hor keI kMm vI nypry cfVHdy hn, ijvyN bwicaF nUM skUl Cwzxf, GrF dy Coty-moty kMm krny afid. mMqrIaF qy hor aihm ivakqIaF leI ienHF dI igxqI cUMik cOvI GMty dy ihsfb nfl kfPLI huMdI hY, ies leI ienHF ny afpxI irhfiesL leI Gr dy ipCvfVy jF nyVy-qyVy qMbU gwzy huMdy hn ijwQoN dI lMGx vfilaF nUM kfPLI idwkq huMdI hY. cMzIgVH ivc qF koeI aijhy qMbU AunHF pfrkF ivc gwzy hoey hn ijnHF aihm ivakqIaF dy Gr dy ipCly pfsy pfrk hY.

          svfl hY ik muwK mMqrI, mMqrIaF, ivDfiekF, aPLsrF qy hor phuMc vfly lokF nfl surwiKaf mulfjLmF dI eynI Brmfr ikAuN? kI ieh Auicq nhIN hovygf ik ienHF aihm ivakqIaF nfl ieh mulfjLm lfey jLrUr jfx pr igxqI dy loV muqfbk? ikAuN nhIN aihm ivakqIaF nfl vwzI igxqI ivc lwgy surwiKaf mulfjLm htf ky QfixaF jF AunHF dIaF mUl QfvF `qy lfey jFdy? QfixaF ivc qF puils mulfjLmF dI kmI hY pr aihm ivakqIaF duafly ieh Jurmt pfeI iPrdy hn. nfly ijhVf ivakqI cux ky afieaf hY, Aus nUM kfhdf zr? bfhrly mulkF ivc qF vwzy-vwzy afgUaF nfl iek-awDf surwiKaf mulfjLm hI huMdf hY. Auh vI rfh KihVf jfnx leI jF iPLr aihm ivakqI dI pCfx Kfqr. pr afpxy qF rwb hI rfKf hY.

          iek purfxI gwl cyqy af geI jo aihm ivakqIaF duafly surwiKaf mulfjLmF dI Brmfr nUM nkfrdI hY. gwl pMjfb dy qqkflI muwK mMqrI pRqfp isMG kYroN nfl sbMDq hY aqy sfzy iek bjLurg pwqrkfr mrhUm igafnI hrI isMG ny suxfeI sI. gwl ieh sI ik sRI kYroN cMzIgVHoN idwlI nUM qury. AunHF kol iek gwzI sI aqy Aus ivc kyvl iewko hI surwiKaf mulfjLm bYTf sI, mUhry. Aus nUM vI sRI kYroN ny jLIrkpur gwzI rukvf ky ieh kih ky afpxy Gr jfx leI qor idwqf ik idwlI ivc do idn rukxf hY, ies leI Aus dI bhuqI loV nhIN. hux jy ies gwl nUM iciQaf jfvy qF awj vwzf qF kI Coty qoN Cotf afgU vI cfhygf ik Aus nfl idwlI dOry smyN surwiKaf mulfjLm jLrUr hovy.

          ies qrHF dy aMkVy qF AuplwbD nhIN ik ies vyly muwK mMqrI, mMqrIaF, ivDfiekF, pRmuwK ahuidaF `qy ibrfjmfn ivkqIaF aqy aPLsrF nfl ikMny ku surwiKaf mulfjLm juVy hoey hn, pr ijMny ku vI juVy hoey hn, jdoN AunHF nUM Auprokq vrgy iek smfgm ivc vyKIdf hY qF lwgdf hY ik ieh loVoN vwD hn. eyny surwiKaf mulfjLmF dI loV nhIN. hux dI loV ieh hY ik ienHF dI igxqI sKqI nfl GtfeI jfvy. muwK mMqrI qy mMqrIaF nfl kuJ surwiKaf mulfjLm rwK ky bfkI sB nfl iek jF vwD qoN vwD do kr dyxy cfhIdy hn. pr ijhVy hor lok kuJ kfrnF krky surwiKaf mulfjLm mMgdy hn, AunHF koloN AunHF df Krcf ilaf jfvy. ieMj afpy hI lokF dI afdq ht jfvygI. aglf smJdf hY ik ihMg lwgy nf PtkVI, rMg coKf. iksy vwzy bMdy dI isPfrsL pfE-puafE aqy surwiKaf mulfjLm afpxy nfl qor lE. aijhy ivakqI nfl surwiKaf mulfjLm vI bVy KusL rihMdy hn ikAuNik AunHF nUM Kfx pIx nUM cMgf imldf hY, izAUtI koeI bhuqI BfrI aqy KLqry vflI nhIN hMudI.

          AuNj mUMh ies qwQ qoN vI nhIN moiVaf jf skdf ik hux qwk sMsfr ivc ijMny vI vwzy bMidaF dy kql hoey hn, AunHF nUM, AunHF dy Auh surwiKaf mulfjLm nhIN bcf sky, ijhVy AunHF dI surwiKaf leI qfienfq kIqy gey. jOhn aYPL kYnyzI nUM hotl dI swqvIN mMijLl `qy afDuink rfeIPLl dy insLfny nfl PuMz idwqf igaf. surwiKaf mulfjLm vyKdy hI rih gey. sRImqI ieMdrf gFDI nUM surwiKaf dy bfvjUd Aus dy Gr hI kql kr idwqf igaf. rfjIv gFDI nUM vI BfrI surwiKaf pRbMDF dy bfvjUd bMb Dmfky nfl Auzf idwqf igaf. ijs, byaMq isMG ny pMjfb ivc KfVkUvfd nUM KLqm krn ivc mohrI BUimkf inBfeI aqy iqMn pVfvI surwiKaf hr vyly AunHF nUM Gyry ivc leI rwKdI sI, Aus nUM isvl skWqryq dy aYn muwK drvfjLy awgy kfr ivc bYTx lwigaF bMb nfl Auzf idwqf igaf. idwlI iswK gurduafrf pRbMDk kmytI dy qqkflI pRDfn sRI hrbMs isMG mMncdf nUM aYn idwlI puils hYzkuafrtr dy nyVy AudoN golIaF nfl ivMn idwqf igaf jdoN Ausy kfr mUhry surwiKaf mulfjLm hwQ ivc ipsqOl leI bYTf hoieaf sI. kuJ ies qrHF df hI hfl pMjfb dy qqkflI KjLfnf mMqrI sRI blvMq isMG df hoieaf jdoN Aus nUM idn idhfVy iek BfrI sVk AuWqy golIaF nfl mfr idwqf igaf hflFik AunHF dy nfl-nfl AunHF dy surwiKaf mulfjLmF dI gwzI vI jf rhI sI.

          svfl pYdf huMdf hY ik jy surwiKaf mulfjLmF dy huMidaF-suMidaF vI aihm ivakqI df nuksfn ho jfxf hY qF iPr ienHF dI kI loV hY? cwloN mMn lE ik srkfrI KfnfpUrqIaF krn dI hI loV hY, pr ies dy mwdynjLr ienHF dI nPLrI ivc kmI qF jLrUr kIqI jf skdI hY. iek pfsy puils ivBfg kol amn-kfnUMn nUM brkrfr rwKx leI puils nPLrI dI kmI hY ikAuik bhuq sfry surwiKaf mulfjLm aihm ivakqIaF nfl lwgy hoey hn. ies leI aihm ivakqIaF aqy hor srdy-puwjdy lokF nUM surwiKaf mulfjLm muhweIaf krn vflI nIqI nUM iek vfrI gMBIrqf nfl vfcx qy prKx dI jLrUrq hY. aihm ivakqIaF nUM KLud ies pihlU vwl iDafn dyxf cfhIdf hY ikAuNik bhuqI vfr ieh AunHF aqy lokF ivc KfhmKfh aiVwkf bxdy hn. lokF df cuixaf pRqIinD hr vyly asfnI nfl lokF dI phuMc ivc hoxf cfhIdf hY. nfly lokF dy cuxy pRqIinD nUM afpxy hI lokF qoN kfhdf zr? bVy afgU hn aqy lokF df ivsLvfs ijwqdy hn-AuhIE lok vDyry kfmXfb huMdy hn.

 


ivsLysL gwzIaF qy hvfeI jhfjLF `c pMjfbI aKbfr ikAuN nhIN?

-sLMgfrf isMG Buwlr

          vyKx nUM qF ieh gwl bVI sfDfrn ijhI lgdI hY pr hY ieh bhuq aihm. ipCly idnIN sfzy iek prm imwqr sRI nrpfl isMG sLyrigwl, jo pMjfbI pwqrkfrI ivc kOmFqrI pwqrkfr vjoN jfxy jFdy hn, ny iesy aihm muwdy rfhIN kuwl pMjfbI sMsfr df iDafn afpxy vwl iKwicaf. muwdf sI ik dysL ivc ijMnIaF vI ivsLysL gwzIaF ijvyN sLqfbdIaF aqy rfjDfnIaF cldIaF hn, AunHF ivc aqy Bfrq qoN bfhrly mulkF nUM jfx vflIaF vwK-vwK eyarlfeInjL dIaF AuzfxF ivc musfPLrF leI pMjfbI aKbfr ikAuN nhIN muhweIaf kIqy jFdy? muwdf bVf vfjb hY. jy sLqfbdIaF, rfjDfnIaF aqy hvfeI jLhfjLF ivc aMgryjLI, ihMdI qoN ibnF hor vwK-vwK BfsLfvF dy aKbfr musfPLrF nUM idwqy jFdy hn qF iPr pMjfbI dy ikAuN nhIN? Auh vI AudoN jdoN ieMglYNz, amrIkf, kYnyzf, afstrylIaf aqy inAUjIlYNz nUM jfx vflIaF AuzfxF ivc bhuqy pMjfbI musfPLr sPLr krdy hn. ieDroN jfE qF jhfjL awiDE vwD ienHF musfPLrF nfl Bry huMdy hn. AuDroN afE qF vI hflq lgBg ieho ijhI hI huMdI hY.

          ibnF sLwk ivsLysL gwzIaF aqy hvfeI jhfjLF ivc musfPLrF dI aKbfrF pVHn dI rucI jF ivsLv dy hflfq jfxn dI iewCf jF iPr smF pfs krn leI AunHF nUM vwK-vwK BfsLfvF dy rojLfnf aKbfr muhweIaf krvfey jFdy hn. ienHF aKbfrF df koeI vfDU pYsf nhIN ilaf jFdf. AuvyN hI ienHF df Krcf itkt ivc joiVaf igaf huMdf hY ijvyN nfsLqy jF rotI df. ieh lfjLmI hI mMinaf jfxf cfhIdf hY ik ijs qrHF df musfPLr hovygf, Ausy qrHF df aKbfr Auh pVHnf cfhygf. bhuqy aMgryjLI pVHnf cfhuMxgy aqy pVHdy vI hn pr bVy musfPLr ieho ijhy huMdy hn ijnHF dI iewCf huMdI hY ik AunHF nUM afpxy ielfky jF iPr Gwto Gwt afpxI mfq BfsLf dI aKbfr pVHn nUM iml jfvy. ies nfl Auh Gwto Gwt afpxy Kyqr bfry jfxU ho jFdy hn pr jdoN keI musfPLrF nUM afpxI mnpsMd XfnI mfq BfsLf dI aKbfr nhIN imldI qF Auh byvws qF jLrUr huMdy hn aqy eynf ku jLrUr socdy vI hn ik AunHF dI mfq BfsLf dI aKbfr vI AuplwbD hoxI cfhIdI hY.

          AuNj ieh vI vwKrI gwl hY ik aijhy bhuqy musfPLr ryl gwzI jF hvfeI jhfjL dy sbMDq aiDkfrI kol kdI vI ieh isLkfieq nhIN krdy jF afpxI rfey nhIN idMdy ik iewQy AunHF dI mfq BfsLf dI aKbfr vI hoxI cfhIdI hY. jy rwl gwzIaF aqy hvfeI jhfjLF ivc inwq sPLr krn vfly pMjfbI ipafiraF ny ieDr iDafn idwqf huMdf qF hux qwk pMjfbI aKbfrF jLrUr AuplbD huMdIaF. Auh ies leI vI ik ijMnf icr qusIN iksy df iDafn hI afpxI mMg vwl nhIN iKwcdy jF iehdy leI rOlf rwpf nhIN pfAuNdy qy dlIl bfjLI nhIN idMdy, Enf icr koeI ies `qy aml hI nhIN krdf.

          ies sbMD ivc CotI ijhI imsfl dyxI cfhFgf. kuJ sfl pihlF sfzy iek imwqr aMbflf CfAuxI ivKy rylvy dy vwzy aiDkfrI vjoN qfienfq sn. cMzIgVHoN-idwlI nUM lMby smyN qoN idn ivc do sLqfbdIaF jFdIaF hn aqy do AuDroN afAuNdIaF hn. ienHF dohF gwzIaF ivc vI vDyry krky aMgryjLI qy ihMdI dy aKbfr hI musfPLrF nUM prosy jFdy hn. jdoN pMjfbI aKbfr musfPLrF nUM nf idwqy jfx qF muwdf Aus aiDkfrI dy iDafn ivc ilaFdf igaf qF AunHF afpxy XqnF nfl pMjfb dy Gwto Gwt do rojLfnf aKbfr dohF sLqfbdIaF ivc jfrI krvf idwqy. ijMnf icr Auh aMbflf rhy, Enf icr qwk sLqfbdIaF ivc pMjfbI aKbfr imldy rhy pr ijAuN hI AunHF df qbfdlf iksy hor QF ho igaf, iqAuN hI pMjfbI aKbfrF bMd. swcI gwl ieh hY ik Aus ipwCoN iek do vfrI koisLsL qF kIqI geI pr iksy ny ieDr iDafn hI nhIN idwqf. hF, cMzIgVHoN-idwlI nUM jfx vfly pMjfb dy aYWm[ pIjL[ aqy mMqrI afid jy rylvy dy iDafn ivc ieh muwdf ilafAuNdy qF sLfied pMjfbI aKbfr iPr luaf idwqy jFdy. ivgiVaf zuwlHy byrF df ajy vI kuJ nhIN. lflU pRsfd Xfdv dy mMqrfly df iDafn ieDr iKwcx dI loV hY aqy ies ivc sRI suKdyv isMG ZINzsf, sRI suKbIr isMG bfdl aqy kyNdrI ivwq rfj mMqrI sRI pvn bFsl aqy hor vI mMqrI, ijhVI aksr sLqfbdI rfhIN sPLr krdy hn, Xog BUimkf inBf skdy hn.

          kuJ iehIE hfl hvfeI kMpnIaF df hY. hux rfjfsFsI aMimRqsr qoN brimMGm aqy kYnyzf leI lgfqfr AuzfxF hn aqy jLfhr hY ik aijhf vDyry krky pMjfbIaF dI shUlq nUM muwK rwK ky hI kIqf igaf. ieMglYNz, kYnyzf aqy afstrylIaf, ijwQy vDyry pMjfbI rihMdy hn, sfzy kuJ iswK afgU aksr jFdy afAuNdy rihMdy hn. ienHF ivc rfj sBf dy mYNbr sRI qrlocn isMG, zf[ mnohr isMG igwl, sRI suKdyv isMG ZINzsf afid sLfml hn. ienHF qy ieho ijhy hor AuWGy iswK afgUaF ny anykF vfrI jhfjLF dy JUty ley hoxgy pr ieh nhIN pqf ik ieh muwdf AunHF dy iDafn ivc afieaf hovygf jF nhIN ik hvfeI jhfjLF ivc AunHF nUM pMjfbI aKbfr pVHn nUM ikAuN nhIN idwqy jFdy? dunIaf ivc ijhVI BfsLf 13vyN nMbr `qy hY, Aus dy aKbfr qF dysL ivdysL ivc hvfeI jhfjLF ivc AuplbD nhIN pr ijhVIaF BfsLfvF ies qoN ikqy dUr hn, AunHF dy aKbfr jLrUr AuplbD huMdy hn. pMjfbI musfPrF nUM pMjfbI aKbfr nf dyxy pMjfbI jLbfn nfl ainaf hY, Aus pMjfbI nfl ijhVI bhuq sfry XUrpI aqy pwCmI mulkF ivc bolI jFdI hY. ieh ies leI vI ik bhuq sfry pMjfbI bfhr vwsy hoey hn aqy Auh pMjfbI jLbfn nUM hI qrjIh idMdy hn.

          sfPL jLfhr hY ik sLqfbdIaF jF rfjDfnIaF ivc sPLr krn vfly musfPLrF nUM ikhVy aKbfr AuplbD krvfAuxy huMdy hn, ies df PYslf Aus ivBfg dy vwzy aiDkfrIaF ny krnf huMdf hY. iesy qrHF df PYslf hvfeI kMpnIaF krdIaF hn pr Bfrq dIaF dovyN eyar lfeInjL ikAuNik srkfrI Kyqr ivc hn, ies df PYslf qF iek nIqI qihq hI huMdf hY. ievyN hI dUjIaF eyar lfeInjL afpxy PYsly afp krdIaF hn. cMgI gwl ieh hY ik ies sbMDI ieMzIan eyar lfeInjL aqy eyar ieMzIaf nUM koeI Tos nIqI bnfAuxI cfhIdI hY. dUjIaF eyar lfeInjL leI vI ieh ibhqr hovygf ik Auh srvyKx muqfbk ijs iKwqy dy vwD lok sPLr krdy hn, Aus muqfbk aKbfr pVHn nUM dyx. aijhf krn nfl XkInn hI musfPLrF dI qswlI huMdI hY. eyarlfeInjL dI hmysLf iewCf vI ieho huMdI hY ik AunHF dy musfPLr AunHF dI syvf qoN vwD qoN vwD sMqusLt hox aqy ieh sMqusLtI AunHF hr qrHF nfl iDafn rwKx nfl pUrI huMdI hY.

          KLYr, ijMnf icr qwk ieh muwdf luikaf irhf, luikaf irhf. hux jdoN sfhmxy ilaf idwqf igaf qF pMjfb dy srb smrQ nyqf, Auh cfry iksy vI isafsI pfrtI jF sMgTn nfl sbMDq hn, ryl mMqrfly aqy hvfeI kMpnIaF dy iDafn ivc ilafAux dI koisLsL krn ik ijMnI CyqI ho sky, sLqfbdIaF aqy rfjDfnIaF dy nfl nfl Bfrq qoN jfx vflIaF sfrIaF hvfeI AuzfxF dy musfPLrF leI pMjfbI dy aKLbfr muhweIaf krvfey jfx. ieAuN pMjfbI aKbfrF df hor bolbflf hovygf. ijhVIaF pMjfbI aKbfrF sVkI rsqy iek hwd qwk sImq rihMdIaF hn, Auh hvfeI aiVwky dUr krky dUr durfzy qwk bYTy pMjfbI pfTkF dy hwQF qwk vI phuMc skxgIaF. svyry rfjfsFsI qoN Auizaf XfqrI pMjfbI aKbfr jy Dur brimMGm qwk nhIN qF Gwto Gwt awD qwk df pVHdf jfvygf. awD asmfny aKbfr pVHdf pVHdf vI Auh afpxy afp nUM afpxy iKwqy, afpxI jLbfn, BfsLf, sfihq, klf qy siBafcfr nfl juiVaf mihsUs krygf. iPr sfihq qy siBafcfr nUM pfsfrn dI koeI sImf ryKf nhIN huMdI. ies leI ivsLysL XqnF dI loV huMdI hY aqy Tos XqnF dy hmysLf hI cMgy iswty inkldy hn.

 


pMjfb kFgrs nUM zob skdI hY aMdrUnI lVfeI

-sLMgfrf isMG Buwlr

          irlfieMs aqy kuJ hor iewkf duwkf muwidaF nUM lY ky ipCly idnIN pMjfb kFgrs ivc ijhVI aMdrUnI lVfeI PYlI, ies ny nf kyvl kuwl pMjfbIaF df sgoN kFgrs hfeI kmFz df iDafn vI afpxy vwl iKwicaf. pMjfb dy muwK mMqrI kYptn amirMdr isMG kuwl ihMd kFgrs kmytI dI pRDfn bIbI sonIaf gFDI aqy hor kyNdrI nyqfvF nUM ies muwdy AuWqy afpxf pwK KysL kr afey hn jdoNik ies muwdy nUM CyVn vfly kFgrs dy qyjL qrfr afgU sRI jgmIq isMG brfV vI sLfied CyqI hI bIbI sonIaf gFDI kol afpxf pwK pysL krdy. AuNj ieh cMgf hoieaf ik iewQoN qwk nObq hI nhIN afeI ikAuNik hfl dI GVI dohF vwzy afgUaF ivc mMn mnOqI ho geI hY. gwl BfvyN ibnF sLwk irlfieMs dy muwdy `qy sRI brfV ny CyVI sI pr dovF iDrF dy smrQkF ny ies nUM ies kdr BKf idwqf ik kyNdrI hfeI kmFz nUM ies ivc dKLlaMdfjLI krnI peI.

          sRI brfV dy vwzy smrQkF ivc sRI qfrf isMG sMDU, kulbIr isMG iswDU aqy sRI hrpfl isMG hYrI hn ijnHF ny nf kyvl pMjfb dI lIzrisLp nUM KrIaF KrIaF suxfeIaF sgoN cMzIgVH siQq kFgrs Bvn awgy Drnf mfrn df zrfvf vI idwqf. AuDr kuJ kYbint mMqrIaF, ijnHF ivc sRI pRqfp isMG bfjvf, sRI suirMdr isMglf aqy sRI gurmIq isMG soZI sLfml hn, ny vI kYptn amirMdr isMG df pwK pUrn leI sRI jgmIq isMG brfV nUM pfxI pI pI koisaf. vYsy kuJ iDrF qF ies ivc iswDy qOr `qy sLfml hoeIaF aqy kuJ bfhr bYT ky qmfsLf vyKdy rhy.

          ieho ijhI siQqI ivc pMjfb kFgrs dy pRDfn sRI sLmsLyr isMG dUlo nUM vI dKLl dyxf pYxf sI. AunHF ny dohF iDrF dy smrQkF nUM cMgI JfV pfeI. sRI brfV dy kuJ smrQkF nUM pfrtI ivc muawql kr idwqf igaf aqy kYptn dy smrQkF nUM kfrn dwso noits jfrI kIqy gey. lVfeI BfvyN kuJ kuJ TwlH geI hY pr ies siQqI ny ies muwdy AuWqy pRsLn icMnH lfAuxy sLurU kr idwqy hn ik kI hux irlfieMs nUM Auh jLmIn iml skygI jF nhIN ijhVI muwK mMqrI kYptn amirMdr isMG ny dyx df aYlfn kIqf sI. idlcsp gwl AuNj ieh hY ik ies sfrI siQqI nUM irlfieMs vfly vI bfhr rih ky cuwp krky vyK rhy hn aqy AunHF ny ies sbMDI iksy qrHF dI vI tIkf itwpxI krnI munfisb nhIN smJI.

          irlfieMs nUM jLmIn imldI hY jF nhIN, ieh qF hux vwKrf mslf rih igaf hY. asl mslf hux ieh hY ik ijs smyN ieh lVfeI kFgrs ivc hoeI hY, ieh ies leI Kqrnfk sfbq ho skdI hY. hux jdoN ik pMjfb ivDfn sBf coxF ivc musLkl nfl ds mhIny rih gey hn, ds mhIny vI kfhdy ies qoN vI Gwt smF rih igaf hY ikAuNik jdoN cox kimsLn vwloN coxF df aYlfn kr idwqf jfvygf qF Ausy idn qoN cox afcfr shMqf lfgU ho jFdI hY. kihx qoN Bfv hY ik coxF qoN pihlF jdoN kFgrs df Gr sfPL suQrf hoxf cfhIdf sI, AudoN ies ivc KfnfjMgI PYl jfvy qF ies df asr kFgrs dy BivwK AuWqy pYx nUM njLraMdfjL nhIN kIqf jf skdf. hYrfnI AuNj ieh vI hY ik jdoN vI nyV BivwK ivc kFgrs leI koeI aihm smF afAux vflf huMdf hY, AudoN hI ies ivc aMdrKfqy lVfeI iCV pYNdI hY.

          rfjsI drsLkF df kihxf hY ik jy ies lVfeI nUM CyqI CyqI TwlH nf pfeI geI qF ies df ivDfn sBf coxF AuWqy asr pYxf lfjLmI hI hY. ieh ies leI ik pRFq ivc ies vyly nF qF kFgrs pfrtI dI aMdrUnI siQqI koeI ibhqr hY aqy nf hI srkfr dI kfrgujLfrI `qy bhuqy lok KusL hn. hflFik ies qwQ nUM njLraMdfjL nhIN kIqf jf skdf ik muwK mMqrI kYptn amirMdr isMG ny afpxy ahudy dOrfn kuJ aYsy mhwqvpUrn PYsly leI hn ijnHF nfl ivroDI iDrF dI vI vwzI qswlI hoeI hY pr ies dy bfvjUd kuJ kYptn amirMdr isMG dIaF afpxIaF kmIaF pysLIaF aqy kuJ pfrtI qy kuJ srkfr dIaF krky lok ies qoN dUr ho rhy hn. hlFik cfhIdf ieh sI ik ijAuN ijAuN coxF nyVy af rhIaF hn, kFgrs vwloN lokF df ivsLvfs Ausy qrHF ijwqx dI koisLsL kIqI jfvy ijvyN ies ny afpxI afmd vyly kIqf sI.

          do hjLfr do ivc jdoN kYptn amirMdr isMG ny muwK mMqrI df ahudf sMBfilaf sI aqy iBRsLtfcfr ivruwD vwzf aMdoln CyiVaf sI, Aus nUM lY ky nf kyvl pMjfb sgoN pUry dysL ivc kYptn amirMdr isMG aqy AunHF dI srkfr dI bwly bwly hox lwgI sI pr bdiksmqI nUM ies cVHq ivc lgfqfrqf nhIN rih skI. zyZ do sfl dy vkPLy ipwCoN sfrf kMm afm vFg hox lwgf. nf, iBRsLtfcfr ivruwD aMdoln dy Tos iswty inkly, nf pfrtI aqy srkfr ivc afpsI ieksurqf bxI. sRI dUly ny BfvyN afpxI vwloN vfh lfeI aqy sLurU sLurU ivc Auh kuJ hwd qwk kfmXfb vI hoey pr ies dy bfvjUd kFgrs sPF Aus qrHF nf qur skIaF ijvyN Auh cfhuMdy hn. blik iswDI gwl qF ieh hY ik kuJ iek muwidaF AuWqy qF sRI dUlo aqy muwK mMqrI dy afpsI ivcfrF df hI tkrfE hox lwgf.

          insLcy hI ieh pfrtI aqy ijvyN hux iPr irlfieMs nUM lY ky lVfeI iCVI, ies ny muwK mMqrI amirMdr isMG ivruwD iCVIaF pihlIaF AunHF do lVfeIaF dI vI Xfd qfjLf krvf idwqI hY jdoN AunHF nUM gwdIAuN lfh dyx leI kyNdrI hfeI kmFz AuWqy pUrf jLor pfieaf igaf. AunHF dohF vyilaF dOrfn dohF iDrF dy smrQk keI keI idn idwlI zyry lfeI bYTy rhy. ieh gwl vwKrI hY ik dohF mOikaF dOrfn muwK mMqrI amirMdr isMG df vfl vI ivMgf nhIN hoieaf. ies df iswDf qy vwzf kfrn sLfied ieh sI ik iek qF kYptn amirMdr isMG df bIbI sonIaf gFDI nfl iswDf rfbqf sI aqy dUjf, qqkflI kyNdrI ivdysL mMqrI sRI ntvr isMG kYptn dy njLdIkI irsLqydfr hox kfrn AunHF dI ipwT pUrdy sn. ieh gwl vwKrI hY ik aYqkIN vflI lVfeI ivc BfvyN Aus qrHF dI Kqrnfk pujIsLn nhIN bxI pr iek vfrI muwK mMqrI df isMGfsn zoldf jLrUr idKdf sI.

          ieh qF hfl dI GVI kyNdrI hfeI kmFz aqy kFgrs dy ies klcr df iek ihwsf hI skJo ik coxF dy kuJ mhIny pihlF ivDfiek dl dy nyqf dI ies qrHF dI qbdIlI krnI pMjfb kFgrs leI keI iBafnk sMkt KVHy kr skdI hY aqy ies vyly nf ieAuN krnf hI cfhIdf hY. ies siQqI ivc AuNj ibhqr iehIE huMdf hY ik jrnYl nf bdly jfx sgoN AunHF koloN afpxI loV muqfbk kMm ilaf jfvy aqy aijhf sMkyq bIbI sonIaf gFDI ny rfey brylI dI cox ijwqx ipwCoN ieh kih ky idwqf vI hY ik pfrtI nUM hux pMjfb smqI AunHF sfry rfjF dIaF ivDfn sBf coxF ijwqx leI juwt jfxf cfhIdf hY ijwQy ijwQy ieh nyV BivwK ivc hox vflIaF hn.

          asl ivc muwK mMqrI kYptn amirMdr isMG iksmq dy bVI DnI hn. ieh ijvyN pihly dohF sMktF ivcoN sfPL bc ky inkl afey, ievyN hI lgBg hux vI inkl afey hn ikAuNik hfeI kmFz ny dohF nUM smJf buJf ky kFgrs nUM hor mjLbUq krn dy dfeIey nfl qor idwqf hY. iehdf mqlb AuNj ieh vI nhIN ik Auh siQqI dI gMBIrqf nUM smJx hI nf. pMjfb kFgrs ivc ijhVI lVfeI iCVI aqy srkfr ivc vI ijvyN bhuiqaF dy mUMh vwKo vwKry qrPL hn, AunHF sB nUM cusq drusq krn dI loV hY. coxF qoN kuJ mhIny pihlF vflf smF iksy pfrtI leI ies pwKoN bVf mhwqvpUrn huMdf hY ik Auhdf Gr Gft TIk rhy aqy Auh lokF dy pihlF nfloN vI nyVy ho jfvy. kFgrs pRDfn sRI dUlo vI bVy qrksLIl nyqf hn aqy KLud muwK mMqrI vI bVy suihrd ivakqI hn. AunHF nUM ivDfiek dl dy nyqf vjoN afpxy sfQI mMqrIaF aqy ivDfiekF df ivsLvfs ijwqx dI loV hY aqy aPsrsLfhI nUM lokF dy kMm-kfj krn vwl ilafAuxf cfhIdf hY. AuDr sRI dUlo nUM pfrtI dI hyTlI sPL qoN lY ky Auprly pwDr qwk nyqfvF qy vrkrF ivc afpsI sihmqI ibTfAux aqy lokF dy kMm afAux dI loV dI Bfvnf pYdf krn dI jLrUrq hY.

          smfj dy BfvyN bhuqy vrg srkfr dI kfrgujLfrI qoN KusL nhIN hn pr ijvyN ik smyN dIaF srkfrF afpxy afKrI vrHy ivc ivkfs kfrjF aqy hor lok ihqU muwidaF nUM CoNhdIaF hn, ievyN hI vrqmfn kYptn srkfr kr rhI hY. iPr vI lokF dIaF bVIaF musLklF qy mMgF AumMgF hn. muwK mMqrI nUM ies pfsy vwl inwjI iDafn dyx dI loV hY. ieDroN smF qyjLI nfl lMG irhf hY, AuDroN ivroDI iDr sLRomxI akflI dl (bfdl) pMjfb kFgrs nUM vMgfrF qy vMgfrF suwt irhf hY. afpxf Kuiraf afDfr bxfAux leI kFgrs kol ajy kuJ smF hY. vyKdy hF, ieh ies df ikMnf ku Pfiedf AuTfAuNdI hY?

 


 

kI iekwTy ho skdy hn sLRomxI akflI dl?

-sLMgfrf isMG Buwlr

          hux jdoN ik pMjfb ivDfn sBf coxF ivc musLikl nfl ds mhIny rihMdy hn qF vyKx vflI gwl ieh hY ik kI Blf sfry sLRomxI akflI dl afps ivc iekwTy ho jfxgy? ieh sqrF ies sMdrB ivc ilKIaF geIaF hn ikAuNik akflI dlF df kuJ smF pihlF df ieiqhfs ieh irhf hY ik ieh coxF vyly jF iswK pMQ nUM koeI sMkt afAux vyly qF iekwTy ho jFdy sn pr jdoN Kqrf Kqm ho jFdf sI qF iPr awzo awz ho jFdy sn ijvyN awz mUlIaF, awz pwqy. iewQoN qwk ik kfPLI smF pihlF qwk pMjfb ivDfn sBf aqy lok sBf dIaF coxF vyly vI sfry akflI dl iekwTy ho jFdy rhy hn pr ipCly dhfky svf dhfky qoN aijhI iprq peI hY ik bjfey iekwTy hox dy sgoN vDyry awz hoey hn. hux cUMik ipCly idnIN kuJ akflI dlF vWloN qIsrf bdl Ausfrn dI ijhVI mMg AuWTI hY, Aus dy mwdynjLr ieh vyKdy hF ik ieh dl Blf iekwTy ho skdy hn jF nhIN? jy nhIN qF ikAuN?

          sLRomxI akflI dl df ieiqhfs lgBg sfZy awT dhfky purfxf hY. 1920 ivc jdoN iswK gurduafrf aYkt bxfieaf igaf qF Aus dy qihq sLRRomxI gurduafrf pRbMDk kmytI hoNd ivc afeI. Ausy dOrfn gurduafiraF dy suDfr leI ijhVI lihr qurI, Ausy dI rOsLnI ivc iswKF dI rfjsI jQybMdI sLRomxI akflI dl hoNd ivc afieaf. iksy vI isafsI sMgTn dI ieh bdiksmqI hI huMdI hY ik jdoN ieh cwl inkldf hY qF ies ivc vwKrI sur rwKx vfly nyqfvF df AuBfr hoxf sLurU ho jFdf hY. ijnHF nyqfvF dI afps ivc sur nhIN imldI jF ijnHF nUM kuJ kfrnF krky pfrtI ivcoN kwZ idwqf jFdf hY, Auh mUl sMgTn dy nF AuWqy hI afpxf vwKrf sMgTn bxf Drdy hn. kuJ ieho ijhf hI sLRomxI akflI dl nfl hoieaf ik ieh iek dl qoN iPr awgy keI dlF ivc vMizaF jFdf irhf hflFik ieh koeI nvIN gwl. hoieaf ieh hor vI bhuq sfrIaF kOmI aqy KyqrI pfrtIaF nfl vI hY.

          ieAuN ikhf jf skdf hY ik ikwQy qF sLurU ivc iek sLRomxI akflI dl sI pr ikwQy hOlI hOlI ies ivcoN ivroDI sur rwKx vfly nyqfvF nUM jdoN bfhr kwiZaf jFdf irhf jF Auh KLud hI afpxy kuJ smrQkF nfl ies qoN alwg huMdy rhy qF Auh afpxf vwKrf sLoRmxI akflI dl bxf Drdy rhy. ies nfl BfvyN mUl sLRomxI akflI dl nUM qF Korf lgdf hI sI pr dUjf sLRomxI akflI dl vI afpxI mfVI motI QF lokF ivc bxf lYNdf. dysL dI afjLfdI aqy ies qoN kuJ vrHy ipwCoN qwk qF TIk Tfk cldf irhf pr ipwCoN KLfs krky pMjfb dy punrgTn vyly qoN pMjfb ivc keI sLRomxI akflI dlF df bolbflf hox lwgf. ijhVf vI lIzr mUl dl nfloN awz ho ky vwKrf dl bxfAuNdf, Aus nUM afpxy nF nfl joV lYNdf ijvyN hux sLRomxI akflI dl (aMimRqsr) hY ijs dy pRDfn sRI ismrnjIq isMG mfn hn jF ijvyN sLRomxI akflI dl (lONgovfl) dy pihly pRDfn sMq hrcMd isMG lONgovfl sn aqy hux ies dI vfgzor pRo[ pRym isMG cMdUmfjrf ny sMBflI hoeI hY.

          ies vyly ijMny vI sLRomxI akflI dl hn, Auh nyqfvF dy nF AuWqy cwl rhy hn. ienHF ivc sRI pRkfsL isMG bfdl dI agvfeI hyTlf sLRomxI akflI dl (bfdl) hY. sRI mfn aqy pRo[ cMdUmfjrf dy akflI dlF qoN ibnF pMjfb ivDfn sBf dy sfbkf spIkr sRI rvIieMdr isMG dI agvfeI hyTlf dl (1920) vI hY. iesy qrHF lok sBf dy sfbkf mYNbr sRI aiqMdrpfl isMG dI pRDfngI hyTlf sLRomxI dl ieMtrnYsLnl vI kMm kr irhf hY. jQydfr jsbIr isMG rozy aqy jQydfr kuldIp isMG vzflf dy vI kdI afpxy vwKry dl huMdy sn. Auh kdoN cuwp cupIqy Kqm ho gey, iksy nUM kMnoN kMnI Kbr nhIN imlI.

          ies vyly bfdl dl, aMimRqsr dl, lONgovfl dl, 1920 vflf dl aqy dl ieMtrnYsLnl pMj sLRomxI akflI dl hn pr ieh qwQ vI sfhmxy rwKxf pvygf ik aslI dl AuhIE mMinaf jFdf hY ijhVf swqfDfrI irhf hovy jF ies dI smrwQf rwKdf hovy. ies pwKoN bfdl dl hI pRmuwK hY ikAuNik ies ny sqfnvyN qoN do hjLfr do qwk swqf hMZfeI hY aqy hux do hjLfr swq dIaF pMjfb ivDfn sBf coxF leI swqfDfrI iDr kFgrs nUM sKLq cuxOqI dy irhf hY.

          lgdf nhIN ik bfdl dl bfkI dy sfry sLRomxI akflI dlF nUM afpxy ivc sLfml kr sky. sLfml qF krn leI sLfied iqafr hoeygf pr ibnF kuJ idwiqaF. jF vwD qoN vwD igxqI dIaF itktF dy ky ijhVIaF ik sLfied agilaF nUM vI prvfnf nf hox. so ies ilhfjL ieh kihxf aOKf nhIN hovygf ik sLRomxI akflI dl dy ieiqhfs ivc ijwQy coxF vyly kdy sfry sLRomxI akflI dl iekwTy ho jFdy sn, AunHF dy aYqkIN iekwTy hox dI sMBfvnf nhIN. ienHF dlF dI mhwqqf qF bxdI hY jy sLRRomxI akflI dl (bfdl) ienHF nUM afpxy nfl rlfey jF iPr bfdl dl dy tfkry `qy sfry KLud iekwTy ho jfx. AuNj ieh gwl vI suwt pfAux vflI nhIN ik jy bfdl dl nhIN rlfAuNdf qF iPr ienHF dI bhuqI vuwkq nhIN.

          bfdl dl dy hux pMjfb ivDfn sBf ivc sfZy iqMn drjn qoN vwD ivDfiek hn jdoN ik bfkI dy ienHF chuM sLRomxI akflI dlF df iek vI ivDfiek ivDfn sBf ivc nhIN. hF, eynf jLrUr ikhf jf skdf hY ik iek qF ienHF dlF dy pRDfn KLud ivDfiek jF mYNbr pfrlImYNt rih cuwky hn qy AunHF kol kuJ iek aijhy cMgy lIzr jLrUr hn ijnHF nUM cox lVfeI jf skdI hY qy Auh ijwqx dy vI smrwQ hn. ies pwKoN sRI mfn kol crn isMG luhfrf, jgmohn isMG aqy BfeI rfm isMG vrgy prbuwD afgU hn jdoN ik pRo[ cMdUmfjrf kol bldyv isMG mfn qy ieMdrjIq isMG vrgy lIzr hn. ies qrHF df koeI afgU nf sRI rvIieMdr isMG kol hY aqy nf hI sRI aiqMdrpfl isMG kol.

          swq qF ieh vI hY ik ienHF chuM dlF dy afgUaF kol sfrIaF sItF qF kI, iek cuQfeI sItF `qy lVfAux leI sLfied Xog AumIdvfr vI AuplbD nf hox. ies ilhfj vI jy ieh iekwTy ho jFdy hn, iPr BfvyN rl ky awDIaF ku sItF AuWqy coxF lV skx. pr iewQy iPr svfl ieh pYdf huMdf hY ik ienHF kol eykqf df PfrmUlf kI hovygf? dUjf, kI Auuh itktF dI vMz afsfnI nfl kr skxgy? bysLwk ies leI Auh kmytI bxf lYx aqy bfbf srbjoq isMG bydI vrgy prvfnq afgU nUM vI awgy lf lYx qF vI ieh eynf afsfn kMm nhIN hovygf ijMnf ik smiJaf soicaf jf skdf hY.

          so ieh ikhf jf skdf hY ik lgBg zyZ do dhfky pihlF sLRomxI akflI dlF vwloN ijhVf ieh ieiqhfs duhrfieaf jFdf irhf hY ik loV vyly sB akflI dl iekwTy ho jFdy rhy hn, hux ieh lgBg asMBv hI smJo. ieh sLfied ies leI ik AudoN iswK pMQ sfhmxy kuJ sFJy aqy lok ihwqU muwdy huMdy sn ijvyN pMjfbI sUbf, cMzIgVH pMjfb nUM dyxf, pfxIaF aqy pMjfbI boldy ielfky pMjfb nUM dyxf aqy pMjfb dIaF hor mMgF afid pr hux ieh sfry muwdy sLRRomxI akflI dlF dy eyjMzy ivcoN lgBg smfpq ho gey hn. hux iksy vI dl nUM ienHF muwidaF df icwq cyqf vI nhIN. hux sfry akflI dl isrPL afpxI vwKrI hoNd bxfeI rwKx leI lV jUJ rhy hn. ieh vwKrI gwl hY ik ienHF pMj dlF ivcoN iqMn srgrm hn ijnHF ivc bfdl dl, sRI mfn df dl aqy lONgovfl dl sLfml hn. bfdl dl ies vyly srvy srvf hY aqy Auhdy prCfvyN hyTF bfkI dy dl hOlI hOlI jUJ rhy hn.

          ibnF sLwk BivwK ivc sRI mfn df dl aqy lONgovfl dl afpxI QF hor mjLbUq bxf skdy hn ikAuNik bfvjUd sRI pRkfsL isMG bfdl dy bhuq qfkqvr hox dy, AunHF AuWqy iswK pMQ dIaF mfxXog sMsQfvF aqy rvfieqF nUM nuksfn phuMcfAux sbMDI ijhVy ikMqU pRMqU ho rhy hn, ies nfl bfdl dl nUM ajy qF nhIN pr kuJ smyN ipwCoN hOlI hOlI Korf jLrUr lwg skdf hY.

          Auh ies leI ik iswK pMQ ivc Dfrimk akIidaF ivc sLrDf rwKx vfly lokF dI kmI nhIN. bVy lok hn jo Drm nUM pihl idMdy hn. jdoN AunHF dy Dfrimk jjLbfq nUM Tys puwjdI hY qF AunHF vwloN smyN isr kdm cuwkxf vfjb huMdf hY. ieh kdm spwsLt hI hY votF df huMdf hY. Auh votF rfhIN AunHF dlF jF nyqfvF nUM qrjIh dyxgy ijhVy Dfrimk rhu rIqF, prMprfvF df afdr mfx krdy hn. kuwl imlf ky hfl dI GVI ieh kihxf hI vfjb hovygf ik hux aOKy simaF jF coxF smyN akflI dlF df iekwTy hoxf bIqy dI gwl bx igaf hY. ies idsLf ivc bfdl dl qF kI, jy bfkI dy cfry akflI dl vI iekwTy ho jfx qF ieh vI eyky leI vwzI pRfpqI hovygI pr aijhf asMBv lgdf hY. eykqf leI afKr koeI qF asUl isDFq qYa krny pYxgy ijnHF nUM mMnxf lfjLmI hovygf. pr jdoN koeI nyqf afpxf vwKrf sMgTn clf ky qur irhf hovy qF kI ieh sMBv hY ik Auh dUijaF df hukm mMny? jvfb hY nhIN. Aus nUM afdq inwjI PYsly lYx dI pY geI huMdI hY. ies vyly Aus nUM iksy df PYslf prvfn nhIN ho skdf.

 


ipE puwq dI srdfrI

-sLMgfrf isMG Buwlr

          ies ivc koeI do rfvF nhIN ik ies vyly pUry pMQ `qy ipE puwq dI srdfrI hY. ipE sRI pRkfsL isMG bfdl hn jo ies vyly sLRomxI akflI dl (bfdl) dy pRDfn hn. Auh iqMn vfrI pMjfb dy muwK mMqrI rih cuwky hn aqy hux cOQI vfrI vI muwK mMqrI bxn leI pr qol rhy hn. iswK isafsq ivc AunHF df lMbf qjrbf hY, iehIE koeI pMj sfZy pMj dhfikaF df. AuwDr puwqr hn sRI suKbIr isMG bfdl jo ies vyly lok sBf dy mYNbr hn. ies qoN pihlF Auh kyNdr ivc mMqrI vI rih cuwky hn. Auh sLRomxI akflI dl (bfdl) dy jnrl skwqr qF hn hI, XUQ akflI dl dy srvf srvy vI ikAuNik AunHF ny huxy ijhy XUQ akflI dl dy nvyN ahudydfrF df aYlfn kIqf hY ijs ivc AunHF `qy sLRomxI akflI dl dy bhuq sfry lIzrF dy puwqrF nUM ahudy dyx df dosL lfieaf igaf hY hflFik AunHF ny jo kuJ kIqf hY, Auh cfry kMnIaF soc ky hI kIqf hY.

          svfl ijwQoN qwk pUry iswK pMQ df hY, ies ivc sLRomxI akflI dl (bfdl) qF pRmuwK hY hI, nfl hI sLRomxI gurduafrf pRbMDk kmytI vI aqy akfl qKLq vI. BfvyN ienHF iqMnF sMgTnF dy vwK-vwK muKI hn qF vI hflfq ies vyly ieh hn ik sLRomxI akflI dl (bfdl) dy pRDfn hI bfkI dohF sMsQfvF dy vI srvy srvf mMny jFdy hn. ies vyly sLRomxI kmytI dy pRDfn jQydfr avqfr isMG mwkV hn aqy akfl qKq dy jQydfr igafnI joigMdr isMG vydFqI pr iksy nUM ieh dwsx dI jLrUrq nhIN aqy sB BlIBFq jfxdy hn ik ienHF iqMnF sMsQfvF dy muKI iek qrHF sRI bfdl hI hn. ieh gwl vwKrI hY ik sRI suKbIr isMG bfdl sLRomxI akflI dl (bdfl) ivc qF afpxf pUrf rohb jmf rhy hn ijhVf ik mMinaf vI jf irhf hY pr ajy ies qrHF dIaF bhuqIaF irportF sfhmxy nhIN afeIaF ik AunHF ny sLRomxI kmytI dy pRDfn aqy akfl qKq dy jQydfr AuWqy vI afpxf dbfa pfieaf hovy aqy Aus nUM mMinaf nf igaf hovyh. isafsI pMzq ieh kihMdy hn ik jy Auh ienHF dohF muKIaF AuWqy vI dbfa pf ky vyK lYx qF ies ivc AunHF nUM jLrUr-br-jLrUr kfmXfbI hwQ lwgygI. Bfv suKbIr bfdl dI vI EnI hI puwC hY ijMnI pRkfsL isMG bfdl dI.

          iek smF sI jdoN sRI suKbIr bfdl kyNdr ivc mMqrI sn qF AunHF df rfjsI dfierf vDyry krky pMjfboN bfhr hI sI. ieh AudoN dI gwl hY jdoN sRI pRkfsL isMG bfdl pMjfb dy muwK mMqrI sn. sLRomxI akflI dl (bfdl) dy kMm kfj ivc vI sRI suKbIr bfdl bhuqI dKLlaMdfjLI nhIN sn krdy pr jdoN qoN pMjfb ivc kYptn amirMdr isMG dI agvfeI hyTF kFgrs srkfr bxI hY aqy ies ny pYNdI swty sRI bfdl aqy AunHF dy hor sfQIaF ivruwD iBRsLtfcfr dy kys dfier krvfey aqy bfdl pirvfr vfly kys ivc dohF ipE-puwq nUM kuJ idnF leI pitaflf jylH ivc rwiKaf igaf, AudoN ipwCoN hI sRI suKbIr bfdl ny pMjfb dI rfjnIqI ivc srgrmI nfl ihwsf lYxf sLurU kIqf hY. ipCly kuJ smyN qoN qF Auh ijvyN pMjfb dy muwK mMqrI ivruwD DUMaF Dfr qkrIrF kr rhy hn, ies ny sLRomxI akflI dl (bfdl) dy lIzrF qy vrkrF dIaF njLrF ivc AunHF df kwd buwq hor vDf idwqf hY. hflFik sRI pRkfsL isMG bfdl pihlF qF muwK mMqrI kYptn amirMdr isMG ivruwD sihMdf sihMdf boldy sn pr hux suKbIr bfdl nUM vyK ky Auh vI qkVy ho gey hn. bhuq sfry jlisaF aqy kfnPrMsF ivc hux dohF ipE-puwq vwloN iekwiTaF isLrkq kIqI jFdI hY. AunHF nUM akflI lIzrF qy hornF vwloN vwzy bfdl qy Coty bfdl kih ky vI pukfiraf jfx lwgf hY.

          KLYr, gwl ho rhI sI ik iswK pMQ ivc ipE-puwq dI pUrI srdfrI hY. vwzy bfdl aMdroN aMdr afpxy puwqr nUM AuWBrdf aqy ijvyN akflI afgU qy vrkr suKbIr bfdl nUM aihmIaq dy rhy hn, nUM dyK ky KusL vI hn pr bfhroN bfhroN ajy Auh lIzrF nUM ieh idlfsy dy ky Brmf rhy hn ik Auh ajy Coty hn aqy pMjfb dy muwK mMqrI bxn dy lfiek nhIN pr ijs ZMg nfl Coty bfdl ny bfdl dl ivc afpxI pYNT bxfeI hY aqy XUQ akflI dl ivc afpxy njLdIkIaF nUM ahudydfr bxfieaf hY, Aus qoN sfPL jLfhr hY ik afAux vfly idnF ivc ies gwl dI sMBfvnf nUM rwd nhIN kIqf jf skdf ik bhuqy akflI lIzr vwzy bfdl nfloN Coty bfdl nUM pRfQimkqf dy dyx. ies dI pusLtI ies pihlU qoN vI ho jFdI hY ik ipCly idnF ivc ijwQy ijwQy vI bfdl dl dIaF vwzIaF rYlIaF aqy kfnPrMsF hoeIaF hn, AuWQy hI pRbMDkF ny jLor dy ky vwzy bfdl dy nfl Coty bfdl nUM vI bulfieaf hY.

          asl ivc sLRomxI akflI dl (bfdl) df hr vwzf Cotf lIzr aqy vrkr hux smJx ieh lwg igaf hY ik hor dsF mhIinaF nUM jdoN pMjfb ivc ivDfn sBf coxF hoxIaF hn qF Aus vyly itktF dyx df bhuqf pwlVf Coty bfdl dy hwQ rihx dI hI sMBfvnf hY. ieh vI ikafisaf jf irhf hY ik Coty bfdl afpxy njLdIkIaF nUM qF itktF dyx idvfAux ivc aihm BUimkf inBfAuxgy hI, XuvkF nUM vI vDyry pRqIinDqf idvfAuxgy. coxF qoN ds mhIny pihlF XUQ akflI dl dy ahudydfrF df aYlfn krnf ies idsLf vwl hI jFdf sMkyq hY.

          AuNj iek smF sI ik iswK pMQ ivc iekwly sRI pRkfsL isMG bfdl dI cldI rhI hY, blik qUqI boldI rhI hY, hux vI boldI hY. Auprokq iqMnF sMsQfvF qoN ibnF sLRomxI akflI dl dI rfjsI mfmilaF bfry slfhkfr kmytI `qy vwzy bfdl df pUrI qrHF glbf hY. jdoN dI ieh kmytI bxI hY, AudoN df hux qwk ieiqhfs ieh irhf hY ik ies kmytI dy BfvyN keI sInIar nyqf vI mYNbr hn pr huMdf AuhIE kuJ hY jo vwzy bfdl cfhuMdy hn. sLRomxI kmytI df pRDfn bxfAuxf hovy jF akfl qKq df jQydfr jF koeI hor aihm PYslf lYxf hovy qF ies vyly kmytI vwloN XkmusLq aqy iek jLubfn ho ky sbMDq muwdy bfry sfry dy sfry aiDkfr vwzy bfdl dI JolI pf idwqy jFdy hn bfvjUd ies qwQ dy ik keI vfrI kuJ sInIar nyqf mYNbr Aus muwdy AuWqy aMdroN sihmq nhIN vI huMdy aqy Aus dy ivroD ivc Gusm musr vI krdy hn pr swc ieh hY ik iksy vI mYNbr dI vwzy bfdl ivruwD AuBfsrn dI ihMmq nhIN pYNdI.

          ieiqhfs ny smyN smyN aijhy nyqfvF df hsLr vyiKaf hY ijnHF ny vwzy bfdl dI ivroDqf kIqI aqy AunHF nUM ies df Kimafjf Bugqxf ipaf. imsfl vjoN isrPL iek nF ilaf jf skdf hY, svrgI jQydfr gurcrn isMG tOhVf df. jQydfr tOhVf hflFik bVy GfgL isafsqdfn sn aqy iswK pMQ dy iek ihwsy ivc AunHF dI vI cldI sI pr Auh cfhuMdy hoey vI vwzy bfdl nUM kdI iTwbI nhIN lf sky. vwzy bfdl ny jQydfr tOhVf nUM iswK isafsq ivcoN iek qrHF iek pfsy krky Dfrimk Kyqr ivc lf idwqf sI. Auh bhuqf smF sLRomxI kmytI dy pRDfn hI rhy jF rfj sBf dy mYNbr. AunHF nUM pMjfb dI ivDfn sBf aqy lok sBf cox pRikiraf qoN dUr hI rwiKaf igaf. hflFik AunHF dI iewCf iek vfrI pMjfb df muwK mMqrI bxn dI sI pr vWzy bfdl ny AunHF nUM bhuqf krky srgrm isafsq vwl afAux hI nhIN idwqf.

          swc ies vyly ieh hY ik jy sLRomxI kmytI dy pRDfn jQydfr avqfr isMG aqy akfl qKq dy jQydfr igafnI joigMdr isMG vydFqI dohyN vwzy bfdl df pfxI Brdy hn qF ies leI ik sLRomxI kmytI dy bhuq mYNbr vwzy bfdl dI Kfso Kfs hn aqy jo kuJ Auh kihxgy, AuhIE mYNbr krngy. iesy qrHF akfl qKq dy jQydfr nUM BfvyN AuWGy iswK ivdvfnF ivcoN nfmjLd kIqf jFdf hY pr ieh cox iswDy rUp ivc Auh afgU dy hwQ huMdI hY ijs kol sLRomxI kmytI df kbjLf hY. ieh kbjLf ikAuNik vwzy bfdl kol hY, ies leI akfl qKq dy jQydfr dI inXukqI vI iek qrHF smJo sLRomxI akflI dl (bfdl) dy pRDfn dy hwQ hoeI. AuqoN sony `qy suhfgf ieh ik ijs akflI afgU df sLRomxI kmytI AuWqy kbjLf hY, Auh sLRomxI akflI dl nUM ibhqrIn ZMg nfl clf skdf hY ikAuNik loV pYx vyly mfieaf qy hor vsIly vI iewQoN hI AuplbD ho skdy hn. ieh sfrf kuJ sRI pRkfsL isMG bfdl kol hY.

          kuwl imlf ky ieh kihxf Auicq hovygf ik kuJ smF pihlF qwk ijwQy vwzy bfdl dI pUry iswK pMQ AuWqy srdfrI sI, hux AunHF df hwQ vtfAux leI Coty bfdl vI pUrI qrHF mYdfn ivc hn blik hux Auh vwzy bfdl nfloN vI vDyry srgrm hn. coxF ivc ajy BfvyN ds mhIny pey hoey hn pr kFgrs aqy akflI dl (bfdl) dohF ny cox mYdfn BKf idwqf hoieaf hY. muwK mMqrI amirMdr isMG aqy Coty bfdl iek dUjy nUM JweIaF lY lY pYNdy hn. AuDr ijAuN ijAuN coxF nyVy af rhIaF hn, sLRomxI akflI dl dy nyqf aqy vrkr Coty bfdl dy nyVy hox vI ikAuN nf, Coty bfdl dI kyvl suxI hI nhIN blik mMnI vI jf rhI hY.

 


sfh swqhIx ho rhI BfrqI jnqf pfrtI

-sLMgfrf isMG Buwlr

          ipCly kuJ smyN qoN BfrqI jnqf pfrtI ivc ijhVIaF kuJ GtnfvF vfpr rhIaF sn, ienHF ny ies nUM sfh swqhIx krnf sLurU kr idwqf hY. pfrtI dI qyjL qrfr afgU Aumf BfrqI vwloN pfrtI Cwz ky afpxI nvIN pfrtI BfrqI jn sLkqI pfrtI bxf lYx dy sdmyN qoN ajy ieh AuWBrI vI nhIN sI ik ies nUM iek hor vwzf Jtkf pRmod mhfjn dy idhFq df lwgf hY. pRmod mhfjn nUM pfrtI dI iek qrHF ijMd jfn smiJaf jFdf sI, ies leI pfrtI dI bhuq sfrI lIzrisLp Aus dy dyhFq nfl afpxy afp nUM TwgI ijhI mihsUs krn lwgI sI. ikwQy qF pfrtI aMdr ipCly kuJ smyN qoN afeI ZihMdI klf nUM dUr krn leI do rwQ XfqrfvF df pRbMD kIqf igaf aqy ikWQy Aus nUM pRmod mhfjn dy idhFq kfrn ieh rwQ XfqrfvF ivcy hI CwzxIaF peIaF hn. ieh rwQ XfqrfvF pfrtI pRDfn sRI rfjnfQ isMG aqy sRI aYl[ ky[ azvfnI vwloN kwZIaF jf rhIaF sn ijnHF df mqlb dysL dy vwK-vwK ihwisaF dy lokF nUM afpxy nfl joVnf sI.

          kudrq df iek asUl hY ik ijLMdgI ivc isKr dI kfmXfbI pRfpq krn ipWCoN mnuwK nUM hyTF Auqrnf pYNdf hY. jy Auh isafxf hovy qF bVy qhMml qy sUJ bUJ nfl afpxy afp nUM Aus vyly bVf sMquilq rwKdf hY. jy ieAuN nfdry qF iPr mUQy mUMh izwgdf hY. ieho hfl isafsI pfrtIaF df hY. kudrq ijvyN mnuwK dI mdd krdI hY, ievyN hI isafsI pfrtIaF nUM vI mOkf imldf hY. ijhVIaF pfrtIaF kuJ iml jfx ipwCoN sMBl jFdIaF hn, Auh siQr rihMdIaF hn pr ijhVIaF pYr Cwz jfx, Auh DVMm krky hyTF izwg pYNdIaF hn. ieho ijhf kuJ BfrqI jnqf pfrtI nfl hoieaf. mihjL ZfeI iqMn dhfky pihlF BfvyN jnsMG dy rUp ivc ies df isafsq ivc clx hoieaf sI pr afpxf nF bdlx ipwCoN ies ny srgrmI PVI. iswtf ieh hoieaf ik lok sBf ivc ies nUM mfmUlI ijhI pRqIinDqf imlI. ies ny afpxI rfjsI srgrmI hor isafsI iDrF vFg jfrI rwKI aqy iek idn aijhf afieaf jdoN zyZ dhfky dy aMqrfl ipwCoN ies ny mulk dI vfgzor sMBfl leI. ieh gwl sqfnvyN dI hY. awsIivaF ivc ijs pfrtI nUM lok sBf ivc do sItF imlIaF sn, mwD nwbivaF ivc ieh srkfr bnfAux dy smrwQ ho geI. pfrtI kol sRI atl ibhfrI vfjpfeI, sRI aYl[ ky[ azvfnI, rfjnfQ isMG, murlI mnohr josLI, mdn lfl Kurfxf, susLmf svrfj, arun jyqlI aqy pRmod mhfjn vrgy nyqf sn.

          iesy Bfjpf dI srkfr kyNdr ivc iqMn vfrI bxI. iehdf kuul smF lgBg Cy vrHy irhf aqy ienHF iqMnF vfrIaF ivc pRDfn mMqrI sRI atl ibhfrI vfjpfeI hI bxy. Bfjpf BfvyN iekwilaF srkfr bxf skx dy smrwQ nhIN sI pr cUMik ieh vwD sItF lYx vflI iDr sI, ies ny lgBg do drjn hor isafsI pfrtIaF nfl gwTjoV krky kOmI jmhUrI gwTjoV nF df PrMt kfiem krky srkfr bxfeI aqy clfeI. BfvyN gwTjoV srkfr ivc muwK pfrtI AuWqy BfeIvfl iDrF df hmysLf dbfa rihMdf hY, iPr vI ieh pfrtI df isKrlf smF sI. swc puwCo qF iewQoN hI pfrtI df inGfr sLurU ho igaf jdoN pfrtI dy vwzy vwzy nyqfvF ivc ieh Dfrnf Gr krn lwgI ik Auh qF hux iekwly hI srkfr bxf skdy hn. Bfvy ijs pfrtI ny dUjIaF iDrF nfl rl ky srkfr bxfeI sI, jdoN iekwly qOr `qy coxF lVn qy srkfr bnfAux dy ibafn dfgx lwgI qF ies df gwTjoV dIaF dUjIaF pfrtIaF nUM Dwkf lwgxf hI sI, ijhVf do hjLfr cfr dIaF coxF ivc pfrtI nUM hfr jfx krky lwgf vI. ikwQy qF do hjLfr cfr ivc vI Bfjpf kyNdr ivc srkfr bnfAux df supnf leI bYTI sI, ikwQy ies nUM ivroDI iDr ivc bYTxf pY igaf.

          kOmI jmhUrI gTjoV dI Bfjpf muKI srkfr ny afpxy smyN ivc rwj ky mnmrjLI kIqI aqy ihMdUqv dy lukvyN eyjMzy nUM lfgU krn df Xqn kIqf. iswtf ieh inkilaf ik dysL ivc keI QfeIN hflfq Krfb hox krky ies df iPrkU ichr nMgf hoieaf aqy ies dI sfKL afm lokF ivc igrn lwg peI. BfvyN gujrfq, mwD pRdysL qy rfjsQfn vrgy kuJ sUibaF ivc ies dI pfrtI dIaF srkfrF bxIaF, ies dy bfvjUd Bfjpf ny lokF ivcoN afpxf ivsLvfs guafAuxf sLurU kr ilaf. AuqoN iehdI mfVI iksmq ieh ik kuJ nyqfvF dI mnmrjLI ny pfrtI dy kuJ nyqfvF nUM bgLfvqI ruK aKLiqafr krn leI vI mjbUr kr idwqf ijnHF ivcoN pRmuwK Aumf BfrqI aqy mdn lfl Kurfxf hn. Aumf BfrqI dI kfrjsLYlI nfl BfvyN sihmq nhIN hoieaf jf skdf pr pfrtI dI iek sInIar nyqf nUM ijvyN pfrtI ivcoN bfhr kwZ mfiraf igaf, Aus dy ros vjoN Aus vWloN nvIN pfrtI bxf lYxf sMBv hI sI, ijhVI Aus ny bxf vI leI hY. ieho hfl mdn lfl Kurfxf df hoieaf. ieh gwl vwKrI hY ik AunHF ny ajy afpxI koeI nvIN pfrtI nhIN bxfeI pr ienHF dohF nyqfvF vwloN pfrtI nUM iqlFjlI dyx qoN sfPL Jlkdf hY ik pfrtI ivc kuJ nyqf afpxI mnmrjLI pugfAuxf cfhuMdy hn. jy koeI pfrtI iKlfPL boldf hY qF Aus df hfl Aumf BfrqI qy sRI Kurfxf vrgf kIqf jFdf hY. ienHF dohF nyqfvF df pfrtI ivcoN alwg ho jfxf pfrtI nUM isirAuN kmjLor krdf hY.

          AuNj qF iksy vI isafsI pfrtI ivc kdI vI aMdroN bfhroN sB TIk nhIN hMudf. Aus ivc ikqy nf ikqy bfgI qwq bYTy huMdy hn. Bfjpf ivc afr[ aYWs[ aYWs[ aqy ivsLv ihMdU pRIsLd dy kuJ aijhy nyqf hn ijhVy kuJ nUM psMd krdy hn qy kuJ nUM nhIN. jy sRI vfjpfeI nUM psMd kIqf jFdf hY qF sRI azvfnI nUM nhIN. ieho vjHf hY ik ipCly vrHy jdoN sRI aYwl[ ky[ azvfnI pfiksqfn jf ky pfiksqfn dy bfnI muhMmd alI ijMnfh dy sYkUlr hox bfry bol afey qF pfrtI dy aMdroN hI AunHF df qkVf ivroD ho igaf. ieh ivroD eynf vwzf hoieaf ik AunHF nUM pfrtI dI pRDfngI CwzxI peI. keI sInIar qy jUnIar afgU, ijhVy sRI azvfnI df pfxI Brdy sn, Auprokq pujIsLn pYdf hox `qy AunHF dI QF lYx leI vI kmr kwsy krn lwgy. BfvyN sRI azvfnI ny afpxy afp nUM ies cwkrivAU ivcoN kwZ ilaf pr awj pfrtI ivc AunHF dI Auh pujIsLn nhIN rhI ijhVI pihlF hoieaf krdI sI. pihlIaF ivc Auh pfrtI dy iek mjLbUq QMmH sn pr hux bhuq sfry afgU AunHF qoN Cutkfrf Bflx lwg gey hn. AuNj vI purfxI lIzrisLp hOlI hOlI alop ho rhI hY. sRI vfjpfeI nfmfqr lIzr hI rih gey hn.

          KLYr gwl qF do hjLfr cfr ipwCoN pfrtI dy ryq dI kMD vFg izwgx dI ho rhI hY. ienHF coxF ivc hfr jfx dy bfvjUd pfrtI ny zyZ do vrHy afpxI hfr hI nhIN kbUlI. ieh sfrf smF ies ny pfrlImYNt ivc hukmrfn iDr nUM gDI gyV ivc pfeI rwiKaf. idnF dy idn pfrlImYNt dIaF bYTkF ibnF iksy kMm kfj dy AuT jFdIaF rhIaF. ijs pfrlImYNt ny dysL leI nvyN kfnUMn bnfAuxy huMdy hn aqy mulk nUM drpysL musLklF `qy soc ivcfr krky PYsly lYxy huMdy hn, Aus nUM Bfjpf iksy sUrq ivc cwlx nhIN sI dy rhI. ibnF iksy vjHf sYsLn dy sLurU vyly rOlf rwpf pfAuxf. nf iksy dI suxnI, nf iksy nUM suxn dyxI. ieh Bfjpf df hOlfpx sI aqy afpxI kfrjsLYlI qoN iQVkxf ijs df dysL vfsIaF ny bhuq burf mnfieaf. swqfDfrI iDr smyq hor rfjsI pfrtIaF nUM vI Bfjpf dI ieh nIqI TIk nhIN sI lwgI. ieh Bfjpf dy inGfr dI insLfnI sI jo kuJ ies ny do hjLfr qwk pRfpq kIqf sI, Aus nUM TIk rfh cwl ky sMqulq rwK skdI sI pr ies dIaF QMmIaF kMbx lwgIaF. ies sUrq ivc pfrtI lIzrF dI afpsI byieqPLfkI pYdf hox lgdI hY ijhVI pihlF sRI azvfnI dy pfiksqfn dOry kfrn, iPr Aumf BfrqI qy mdn lfl Kurfxf nUM pfrtI ivcoN kwZx kfrn hoeI. jdoN iksy pfrtI ivcoN vwzy kwd buwq vfly nyqf inkl jfx, ies nfl pfrtI nUM Dwkf lwgxf suBfivk hI hMudf hY.

          ies vyly pfrtI aMdroN aMdr kwKF qoN hOlI qy pfxIE pqlI hoeI peI hY. sRI rfjnfQ isMG qy sRI azvfnI rwQ XfqrfvF rfhIN ies nUM kuJ TuMmHxf dyxf cfhuMdy sn pr Auh vI mjbUrn pRmod mhfjn dy idhFq kfrn ienHF nUM ivcy hI CwzxIaF peIaF hn.

          so pfrtI dI aMdrUnI hflq pihlF hI TIk nhIN sI. rihMdI KUMhdI ksr hux pRomd mhfjn dy idhFq nfl pUrI ho geI hY. pRmod mhfjn pfrtI sPLF ivc hr pwDr `qy sB nUM mnjLUr sn. ies df vwzf kfrn ieh vI sI ik Auh sfiraF nUM nfl lY ky cldy sn aqy sRI azvfnI qoN lY ky hyTly afgU aqy vrkr qwk sB nUM AunHF AuWqy pUrf pUrf ivsLvfs sI. sRI mhfjn KLud sUJvfn aqy ihMmqI qF sn hI, nfl hI imhnqI vI ijnHF ny afpxy pRFq mhfrfsLtr ivc afpxI cMgI pkV bxfeI hoeI sI. pfrtI df ijhVf kuJ iksy hor vwloN krn dI asmrQqf jLfhr kIqI jFdI, pRmod mhfjn Aus nUM afsfnI nfl nypry cfVH lYNdy. ieh AunHF ivc dlyrI nfl PYsly lYx aqy AunHF nUM aml ivc ilaf skx dI idRVHqf kfrn sI. pfrtI AuhnF nUM BivwK dy pRDfn mMqrI vjoN icqvdI sI. ies qrHF dy hoxhfr nyqf dy dyhFq nfl pfrtI sPLF ivc kFbf afAuxf sMBv hI hY.

          ipCly kuJ smyN qoN, jdoN qoN Bfjpf iek qoN ipwCoN iek sMkt ivc iGr rhI hY qF kFgrs nUM kuJ kuJ suwK df sfh afAux lwgf hY. Bfjpf df sMkt kfPLI hwd qwk afpUM hI shyiVaf hoieaf hY aqy Auh pfrtI dy vPLfdfr nyqfvF aqy vrkrF AuWqy byivsLvfsI krnf hY. pfrtI vPLfdfrF nfl bxdI hY aqy ieh hI ies nUM sMkt ivcoN kwZdy hn. Bfjpf ny swqf vI hMZfeI hY aqy hux ivroDI iDr df rol vI hMZf rhI hY. ieh ivroD Kfqr ivroD dI nIqI iqafgy. awj ies nUM afpxf afqm mMQn krn dI sKLq loV hyY qF ik bIqy qoN sbk iswiKaf jfvy. iPr vI jy ies ny hAU pry kIqf qF ieh hor vI Drfql ivc Dr jfvygI.

 

 


kI qIjy bdl jF vwzy gwTjoV dI koeI sMBfvnf hY?

-sLMgfrf isMG Buwlr

          hux jdoN ik pMjfb ivDfn sBf coxF nUM musLkl nfl ds mhIny rih gey hn aqy pMjfb dI swqfDfrI iDr kFgrs aqy ivroDI iDr sLRomxI akflI dl (bfdl) ny coxF leI iqafrIaF sLurU kr idwqIaF hn qF vyKx vflI gwl ieh hY ik sUby ivc qIjy bdl jF vwzy gwTjoV dI koeI sMBfvnf hY ijvyN ik kuJ smyN qoN aijhI crcf iCVI hoeI hY. ajy ipCly idnIN hI kuJ sLRomxI akflI dlF, BfrqI kimAUinst pfrtI dI pMjfb sLfKf aqy lok BlfeI pfrtI vwloN ies qrHF dy ibafn dfgLy gey hn. mfrksI pfrtI pMjfb ny vI kuJ ies qrHF dy sMkyq idwqy hn. bhujn smfj pfrtI df cUMik pMjfb ivc hux pihlF dI qrHF bolbflf nhIN irhf, ies leI ies ny vI qIjy bdl dI hfmI BfrI hY. svfl ijwQoN qwk vwzy gwTjoV df hY, ies ivc kuJ iDrF vwloN sLfml ho ky gwTjoV bnfAuxf hY aqy ieh sMklp pMjfb ivc pihlI vfr AuWBiraf hY.

          pMjfb ivc qIsry bdl dI gwl koeI nvIN nhIN. ieh smyN-smyN pihlF vI AuTdI rhI hY pr sUby ivclIaF do vwzIaF pfrtIaF awgy ajy qwk qF ies dI koeI pysL nhIN geI. pMjfb ivc hI ikAuN, kyNdr ivc kuJ smyN qoN qIsry bdl dI gwl cwldI rhI hY hflFik kyNdr ivc ijvyN kOmI jmhUrI gwTjoV ivc lgBg do drjn pfrtIaF sLfml hn aqy hux XU[ pI[ ey[ dI srkfr ivc vI kuJ isafsI iDrF sLfml hn, Aus dI rOsLnI ivc AuWQy vI iek vyly qIsry bdl nUM hoNd ivc ilaFdf jf skdf hY pr ieh qF hI sMBv hY jy sfrIaF iDrF afpxy sfry mqByd dUr krky iek mMc AuWqy iekwTIaF hox. ieh vI ik ijs vyly iksy vwzI pfrtI nfl swqf ivc sLfml hox df mOkf imly qF Aus vyly Aus qoN dUr rih ky qIsry bdl nUM pRfQimkqf idwqI jfvy. Bfv swqf df lflc iqafgxf pvygf. imsfl vjoN jy kOmI jmhUrI gwTjoV ivc sLfml bhuqIaF pfrtIaF qIsry bdl nUM gMBIrqf nfl lYx qF ies bdl dy hoNd ivc afAux dI sMBfvnf nUM rwd nhIN kIqf jf skdf pr ieh gwl vI vyKx vflI hY ik ijs iDr nUM iek vfrI swqf df svfd pY jfvy, Auh lgdI vfhy iksy dUjy JMjt ivc nhIN pYxf cfhuMdI hflFik mUMh ies qwQ qoN vI nhIN moiVaf jf skdf ik qIsry bdl leI ijnHF rfjsI iDrF vwloN Xqn kIqy jFdy hn, AunHF df afKrI tIcf vI qF swqf hiQafAuxf hI huMdf hY.

          KLYr gwl qF pMjfb ivc qIsry bdl jF vwzy gwTjoV dI kr rhy sF. ies bdl qoN mqlb kFgrs, sLRomxI akflI dl (bfdl) aqy BfrqI jnqf pfrtI nUM Cwz ky pMjfb ivclIaF sfrIaF rfjsI iDrF nUM iek plytPfrm AuWqy ilafAux df hY hflFik vyKx vflI gwl AuNj ieh vI hovygI ik Auprokq iqMnF pfrtIaF nUM Cwz ky bfkI ijMnIaF pfrtIaF jF dl bxdy hn, kI Auh sfry hI iek mMc AuWqy iekwTy ho vI jfxgy jF nhIN? kFgrs, sLRomxI akflI dl (bfdl) aqy Bfjpf nUM Cwz ky bfkI iDrF ivc dovyN Kwby pwKI pfrtIaF - BfrqI kimAUinst pfrtI aqy mfrksI kimAUinst pfrtI qoN ibnHF sLoRmxI akflI dl (aMimRqsr), sLRomxI akflI dl (lONgovfl), sLRomxI akflI dl (1920), aqy afl ieMzIaf sLRomxI akflI dl, bhujn smfj pfrtI qy lok BlfeI pfrtI sLfml hn. ienHF qoN ibnHF iek do hor akflI dl vI hn pr AunHF df crcf Gwt vwD hI pVHn suxn nUM imldf hY.

          ies ivc sLwk nhIN ik pMjfb ivc kfPLI smyN qoN hkUmq kdI kFgrs aqy kdI akflIaF hwQ rihMdI hY. ieAuN vI ikhf jf skdf hY ik ieh iek vfrI kFgrs kol rihMdI hY aqy dUjy vfrI akflIaF kol. ajy qwk aijhf nhIN hoieaf ik iksy iDr nUM dUjI vfrI hukmrfn bxn df mOkf imilaf hovy. ies vyly swqfDfrI iDr kFgrs hY aqy ivroDI iDr sLRomxI akflI dl (bfdl). iek iDr swqf df svfd mfx rhI hY, dUjI ies leI kfhlI peI hoeI hY pr ijhVIaF iDrF ienHF dohF iDrF qoN bfhr hn, Auh qIsry bdl rfhIN swqf df svfd mfnx leI XqnsLIl hn. ieh gwl vwKrI hY ik pMjfb ivc qIsrf bdl ajy bxdf hY jF nhIN? ajy qF kFgrs aqy sLRomxI akflI dl (bfdl) ivc hI AuWqr kfto mYN cVHF vflI Kyz bxI hoeI hY.

          qIsry bdl leI afiKaf jf skdf hY ik hflfq AudoN bxdy njLr afAuNdy huMdy hn jdoN sUby dI jnqf pihlF swqf ivc rhIaF dohF iDrF qoN bhuq hI awk cuwkI hovy. ibnHF sLwk jnqf iksy vI vrqmfn srkfr qoN sMqusLt nhIN huMdI blik srkfr jnqf nUM sMqusLt kr hI nhIN skdI ikAuNik swqfDfrI iDr dy lIzrF vwloN coxF smyN aqy iPr ipwCoN vI jnqf dIaF afsF AumMgF hI eynIaF AuBfr idwqIaF jFdIaF hn ijhVIaF lgdI vfhy pUrIaF krnIaF musLkl ho jFdIaF hn. iesy leI jnqf mOky imlx `qy Aus iDr nUM iqafg ky dUjI nUM svIkfr kr lYNdI hY pr jdoN gwl isroN lMG jfvy, iPr ikqy jf ky qIsry bdl dI sMBfvnf bx skdI hY, Auh vI qF jy vwK-vwK iDrF dy afgUaF ivc dm KLm hovy.

          iPlhfl pMjfb ivc ies qrHF dI koeI guMjfiesL njLr nhIN afAuNdI. ies dy vI kuJ kfrn hn. imsfl vjoN sLRomxI akflI dlF ivcoN aMimRqsr dl dy ies qIsry bdl ivc sLfml hox dI iksy qrHF dI sMBfvnf nhIN pRgtfeI jf skdI. qIsry bdl leI shI mfainaF ivc jy kuJ iDrF gMBIr hn qF AunHF ivc sLRomxI akflI dl (lONgovfl), sLRomxI akflI dl (1920), bspf qy lok BlfeI pfrtI sLfml hn. AuNj ieh qF hux dIaF gwlF hn, kwlH nUM pqf nhIN ienHF ivcoN vI koeI iDr alwg jF iksy hor nfl hI cwlxf cfhy.

          vYsy vI Auprokq ivc ijMnHF iDrF df ijLkr hY, ienHf ivc iek vI iDr aijhI nhIN ijs df pMjfb ivDfn sBf ivc ivDfiekF df Kfqf hovy. kdI sLRomxI akflI dl (aMimRqsr) df iek ivDfiek sI ajIq ieMdr isMG moPLr mfnsf qoN, Auh vI kFgrs ivc sLfml ho gey. BfrqI kimAUinst pfrtI dy pMjfb qoN ijhVy do ivDfiek sn, Auh vI iek smyN kFgrs ivc sLfml ho gey. iesy leI hux BfrqI kimAUinst pfrtI ny huxy qoN hI coxF iekwilaF lVn, iPr qIjy bdl ivc BfeIvfl bxn aqy hux vwzy gTjoV ivc sLfml hox dy ibafn dfgLy hn. vwzy gwTjoV df Bfv qIsrf bdl nhIN ilaf jf skdf pr AudysL ies df vI coxF smyN loV muqfbk kuJ iDrF df iekwiTaF ho jfxf hY. ieh ibafn hux qwk isrPL BfrqI kimAUinst pfrtI pMjfb sLfKLf df hY. iksy hor iDr ny ajy ies idsLf ivc iksy qrHF df koeI ibafn nhIN idwqf.

          ijvyN ik sMkyq mfqr gwl ho cuwkI hY ik kFgrs bfdl dl qy Bfjpf nUM Cwz ky ijMnIaF iDrF ipwCy bcdIaF hn, AunHF ivcoN iksy df vI pMjfb ivDfn sBf ivc koeI pRqIinD nhIN. ies leI svfl pYdf ieh huMdf hY ik ijs kFgrs dIaF ies vyly ivDfn sBf ivc 65 sItF hn qy bfdl dl dIaF 42 qy Bfjpf dIaF isrPL iqMn hn, aglIaF coxF ivc ienHF dIaF sItF qF vwD Gwt ho skdIaF hn pr ijnHF iDrF df ies vyly qF kI, kdI vI koeI numfieMdf nhIN irhf, AunHF qoN ikMnI ku afs rwKI jf skdI hY ik Auh ivDfn sBf ivc afpxf Kfqf vI KolH skxgIaF jF nhIN? AuNj jy ivcfiraf jfvy qF ieh koeI vwzI gwl vI nhIN pr ieh isrPL AudoN hI hovygf jdoN ieh iDrF ies muwdy bfry gihr-gMBIr hox aqy hox vI iekmuwT. ieh iekmuwTqf pihlF qF itktF dI vMz AuWqy hI Aujfgr hovygI ik Auh iek dUjI iDr nfl ikMnf ku lY dy krdIaF hn. jy mihj itktF dI vMz AuWqy hI lV-lVfeI ho jFdI hY qF mUl mMqv hI sLurU ivc Kqry ivc pY jfvygf.

          ies leI qIsry bdl nUM hoNd ivc ilafAux leI pihlI gwl qF ieh jLrUrI hY ik sB iDrF dy muKI isr joV ky bYTx aqy PYslf ieh krn ik Auh qIsry bdl leI hI XqnsLIl hoxgIaF, iksy hor pfsy nhIN qurngIaF. AuNj jy ieh swqy awTy iDrF afpsI mqByd Bulf ky, itktF dI shI vMz krky, coxF smyN lok muwdy AuBfr ky cox mYdfn ivc Auqrn qF iek cMgI sFvI isafsI iDr vjoN AuWBr skdIaF hn. vYsy vI awj sFJ iBaflI df smF hY. jy do drjn pfrtIaF df imlBogf kOmI jmhUrI gwTjoV lgBg Cy sfl cwilaf hY aqy XU[ pI[ ey[ srkfr nUM vI clidaF do vrHy ho gey hn qF koeI vjHf nhIN ik qIjf bdl ikAuN nf hoNd ivc af sky aqy TIk qrHF cwl sky hflFik gwl ieh vI suwt pfAux vflI nhIN ik Auprokq dohF iDrF ivc iek iek vwzI rfjsI iDr kFgrs aqy BfrqI jnqf pfrtI rhI hY ijhVI ieMjx bxky gwzI nUM iKwcdI rhI qy iKwc rhI hY. CotIaF-CotIaF iDrF ivcoN vI Gwto-Gwt iksy nUM ieMjx bxn dI loV hY jF sfrIaF iDrF ivcoN iksy nUM ieMjx dI ijLMmyvfrI sONpx dI jLrUrq hY. ies vyly sfrf kuJ lFBy rwKx pvygf, isrPL lok syvf nUM sfhmxy rwKxf pvygf.

          rfjnIqI ivc hmysLf sMBv-asMBv dI guMjfiesL bxI rihMdI hY. lIzrF dI idRVHqf aqy hI kdm asMBv aqy sMBv ivc bdl idMdy hn. jy pMjfb dIaF ienHF CotIaF iDrF dy lIzr Auprokq leI idRVH hn qF qIsrf bdl bx skdf hY aqy jy TIk qrHF cox lVn qF srkfr qF BfvyN pYNdI swty nf hI bxy pr kFgrs qy sLRomxI akflI dl (bfdl) dohF iDrF ivc kuJ nf kuJ icwb jLrUr pf hI skdy hn. jy sLurUafq TIk ho jfvy qF iPr rfh afpxy afp bxn lwg jfvygf.

 


 

pMjfb ivc isafsI srgrmIaF ny qyjLI PVI

-sLMgfrf isMG Buwlr

          pMjfb ivDfn sBf coxF ivc hux jdoN ik lgBg ds mhIny rihMdy hn qF sUby dIaF rfjsI srgrmIaF ivc hor qyjLI af geI hY. pMjfb dI hukmrfn iDr kFgrs ny qF kuJ smF pihlF iek qrHF coxF df ibgl vjf hI idwqf hY aqy ies sbMDI KLud kYptn amirMdr isMG AunHF rYlIaF, jlsy jlUsF aqy kfnPrMsF nUM qrjIh dyx lwg pey hn ijnHF qoN AunHF `qy ipCly chuM virHaF qoN tflf vwtx dy dosL lgdy af rhy hn. ies idsLf ivc pMjfb dI sB qoN vwzI ivroDI iDr sLRomxI akflI dl (bfdl) vI ipWCy nhIN rhI. coxF df ibgl qF BfvyN ies vwloN vI ipCly smyN ivc kIqIaF afpxIaF rfjsI aqy Dfrimk kfnPrMsF ivc vjfieaf igaf hY pr hux aprYl dy dUsry hPLqy ies vwlNo Kflsy dI DrqI afnMdpur sfihb ivKy afpxy lIzrF aqy vrkrF leI ijhVf do rojLf isKlfeI kYNp lfieaf igaf, ieh iek qrHF coxF ivc kuwdx df aYlfn krnf hI sI. ies mOky dl vwloN iek mulFkx pwqr pysL kIqf igaf ijs ivc bfdl dl dI ipCly cfr virHaF dI awCI kfrgujLfrI aqy kYptn amirMdr isMG srkfr dIaF apRfpqIaF df lyKf joKf kIqf igaf.

          pMjfb ivDfn sBf coxF PrvrI 2007 ivc hoxIaF hn aqy ies ivc ihwsf lYx leI kFgrs aqy sLRomxI akflI dl (bfdl) ny ijwQy pUrI qrHF pr qolxy sLurU kr idwqy hn, AuWQy pMjfb ivclIaF hor isafsI iDrF ivc vI ihljul hoxI sLurU ho geI hY. moty qOr `qy pMjfb ivc bolbflf do pfrtIaF-kFgrs aqy bfdl-df hY pr hor pfrtIaF vI qIsry bdl df bfnHxUM bMnHx leI XqnsLIl hn. ienHF ivc kFgrs, bfdl dl aqy BfrqI jnqf pfrtI nUM Cwz ky bfkI sfrIaF pfrtIaF sLfml hn ijvyN dovyN Kwby pwKI pfrtIaF-BfrqI kimAUinst pfrtI aqy mfrksI pfrtI, bfdl dl nUM Cwz ky sfry sLRomxI akflI dl bhujn smfj pfrtI aqy lok BlfeI pfrtI. sLRomxI akflI dlF ivc-sLRomxI akflI dl (aMimRqsr), sLRomxI akflI dl (lONgovfl) aqy sLRomxI akflI dl (1920) sLfml hY ijnHF dy krmvfr pRDfn sRI ismrnjIq isMG mfn, pRo[ pRym isMG cMdUmfjrf aqy sRI rvIieMdr isMG hn. bspf DiVaF ivc vMzI hoeI hY aqy lok BlfeI pfrtI nUM sRI blvMq isMG rfmUvflIaf clf rhy hn.

          ieh qF sB nUM spwsLt hI hY ik pMjfb ivc srkfrF muwK qOr `qy kFgrs aqy sLomxI akflI dl dIaF hI bxdIaF hn. ipCly virHaF df ieh vI ieiqhfs hY ik ijhVI vI iDr iek vfrI srkfr bxfAuNdI hY, Auh dUjIaF coxF ivc ivroDI iDr ivc bYTdI hY hflFik coxF ivc afpxy vwloN Aus ny pUrf itwl lfieaf huMdf hY. ies vyly pMjfb ivc kFgrs dI hkUmq hY ijs nUM kYptn amirMdr isMG ipCly lgBg svf cfr virHaF qoN clf rhy hn. amirMdr isMG kfPLI smF pMjfb kFgrs dy pRDfn vI rhy hn. ies vyly ieh ahudf sLRI sLmsLyr isMG dUlo kol hY. sLRI dUlo dy afAux nfl kFgrs sPLF ivc kfPLI srgrmI afeI hY hflFik ipCly kuJ smyyN qoN kYptn amirMdr isMG ny vI afpxI kfrjsLYlI ivc qbdIlI ilaf ky mMqrIaF, ivDfiekF, nyqfvF aqy vrkrF nUM imlxf iglxf sLurU kr idwqf hY. iesy qrHF Auh kFgrs dIaF rYlIaF, kfnPrMsF ivc vI lgfqfr hfjLrI Brn lwgy hn. ies nfl pfrtI nyqfvF aqy vrkrF ivc iek nvF josL qy AuqsLfh Brn lwgf hY. iesy dOrfn kYptn amirMdr isMG vwloN ipCly kuJ smyN qoN ijvyN iswK muwidaF nUM afpxI pkV ivc ilafAuxf sLurU kIqf igaf hY, ies nfl AunHF dI pihlF dI insbq cMgI Bwl bxnI sLurU hoeI hY.

          asl ivc hflq ies vyly hux ieh hY ik kFgrs aqy akflI dl (bfdl) dovyN iek dUjy dy afhmo sfhmxy af KVHy hn aqy AunHF ny coxF leI iqafrIaF kws leIaF hn. ieh gwl vwKrI hY ik ijs kFgrs ny PrvrI do hjLfr do dIaF ivDfn sBf coxF BfrqI kimAUinst pfrtI nfl rl ky lVIaF, aYqkIN Aus ny iekwilaF hI ieh coxF lVn df aYlfn kr idwqf hY. muwK mMqrI kYptn amirMdr isMG ies qrHF dy ibafn keI vfr dy vI cuwky hn. AuDr BfrqI kimAUinst pfrtI dI pMjfb sLfKf dy jnrl skwqr sLRI jgrUp isMG vI ieh kih cuwky hn ik aYqkIN coxF ivc pfrtI kFgrs df sfQ nhIN dyvygI. cyqy rhy ipClI ivDfn sBf coxF dy nqIijaF ipwCoN BfrqI kimAUinst pfrtI dy dovyN ivDfiek kFgrs ivc sLfml ho gey sn.

          AuDr ijs sLRomxI akflI dl (bfdl) ny ipClI vfr vI BfrqI jnqf pfrtI nfl rl ky coxF lVIaF sn, aYqkIN vI dovyN iDrF iek dUjI nUM sihXog dyxgIaF. ipClI vfr bfdl qy Bfjpf nUM BfvyN 36 PIsdI votF peIaF sn pr bfdl dl dy ivDfiekF dI igxqI 75 qoN Gt ky 41 rih geI sI. iesy qrHF Bfjpf nUM isrPL iqMn sItF imlIaF jdoN ik sqfnvyN ivc ies kol ivDfn sBf ivc 18 sItF sn. BfvyN pMjfb ivc Bfjpf df afDfr kfPLI Kuiraf hY aqy ies ny iek vyly iekwly qOr `qy vI coxF lVn df mn bxfieaf pr hflfq aijhy sn qy hn ik hux vI ies vWloN iekwilaF lVn dI koeI guMjfiesL nhIN. ies leI bfdl dl qy Bfjpf dovyN rl ky hI coxF lVngy. ieh gwl vwKrI hY ik dohF iDrF ivc aMdrKfqy keI qrHF dy mdByd hn.

          pMjfb ivc cUMik lMby smyN qoN kFgrs aqy sLoRmxI akflI dl ivc vfrI vfrI AuWqr kfto mYN cVHF vflI Kyz bxI hoeI hY, ies leI ipCly kuJ smyN qoN kFgrs, bfdl dl aqy Bfjpf nUM Cwz ky bfkI sfrIaF CotIaF vwzIaF iDrF qIsry bdl leI XqnsLIl hn qF ik ienHF dohF iDrF ivcoN iksy dI vI BivwK ivc srkfr nf bxn idwqI jfvy. BfrqI kimAUinst pfrtI aqy mfrksI pfrtI pMjfb dy dohF afgUaF-sLRI jgrUp isMG aqy pRo[ blvMq isMG-ny vI ieh kih idwqf hY ik kFgrs aqy bfdl dl qy Bfjpf dy gTjoV nUM hrfAux leI sfzIaF pfrtIaF smyq sUby dIaF bfkI sfrIaF iDrF qIsry bdl leI XqnsLIl hn. ies leI lok BlfeI pfrtI dy sLRI blvMq isMG rfmUvflIaf aqy pRo[ pRym isMG cMdUmfjrf vI aihm BUimkf inBf rhy hn. sBnF iDrF nUM lgdf hY ik awj pMjfb ivc kFgrs aqy bfdl dl nUM hrfAux dI sKLq loV hY. ieh gwl vwKrI hY ik vwK vwK iDrF kI iek plytPfrm AuWqy iekwTIaF ho skxgIaF? aqy ieh vI ik kI ieh sB rl ky itktF dI vMz AuWqy vI sihmq ho jfxgIaF? jy qF Auprokq iqMnF vwzIaF iDrF nUM Cwz ky bfkI sfry dl qy pfrtIaF iek mMc AuWqy iekwTy ho jfx aqy qhweIaf kr lYx qF qy ieh kFgrs aqy bfdl aqy Bfjpf ivc koeI icwb pf skxgy vrnf nhIN.

          KLYr, mqlb ieh hY ik ies vyly ijwQy kFgrs ny coxF dy mwdynjLr isafsI srgrmI PV leI hY, AuWQy bfdl dl vI ipCFh nhIN blik dohF iDrF vwloN iek dUjy ivruwD inwT ky dosL-dr-dosL lfey jf rhy hn. iek dUjy dy nuks kwZy jf rhy hn. kFgrs ny rYlIaF-kfnPrMsF qoN ibnF ipCly kuJ smyN qoN sUby dy vwK-vwK ihwisaF ivc ivkfs kfrjF leI cYWk vMzx dI JVI qF lfeI hI hoeI hY, nfl hI ipCly cfr sflF dIaF pRfpqIaF nUM ipRMt aqy ielYktrfinks mIzIey rfhIN prcfrnf vI sLurU kIqf hoieaf hY. ipMRt mIzIey ivc qF iek-sqrI iesLiqhfr ipCly kfPLI smyN qoN vwK-vwK aKbfrF ivc Cp rhy hn aqy pfTkF dI cMgI njLr iKwc rhy hn.

          socx vflI gwl ieh hY ik kI agly ds mhIinaF XfnI coxF qwk ies qrHF dI iesLiqhfrbfjLI jfrI rhygI? coxF qoN do iqMn mhIny pihlF qF ies qrHF dIaF cox srgrmIaF dI gwl smJ afAuNdI hY pr ijvyN ieh srgrmIaF lgBg ds mhIny pihlF hI sLurU ho geIaF hn, AunHF qoN spwsLt lgdf hY ik lwKF ruipaf cox prcfr ivc Krc kIqf jfvygf. bfdl dl ny vI afpxy mulFkx pwqr rfhIN srkfr dy nuksF nUM lokF sfhmxy ilafAux dI Tfx leI hY. bfdl dl vwloN aYqkIN mIzIey vwl ivsLysL qvwjo idwqI jf rhI hY. ies nUM lgdf hY ik do hjLfr do ivc ijvyN kFgrs ny bfdl srkfr aqy bfdl dl ivruwD DUMaF Dfr prcfr kIqf sI qy ies nUM Aus df Pl vI imilaf, iqvyN vI aYqkIN bfdl dl vwloN mIzIey vwl ivsLysL iDafn idwqf jfxf AulIikaf igaf hY. ies leI AucycI ijLMmyvfrI suKbIr isMG bfdl nUM sONpI geI hY. bfdl dl vwloN huxy ijhy jfrI kIqy gey mulFkx pwqr aqy aKbfrF ivc Cpy kuJ iesLiqhfr ies dI imsfl hn.

          Auprokq dovyN iDrF ijwQy ies vyly cusqI PurqI qoN kMm lY rhIaF hn, AuWQy jy koeI iDr susq hY qF Auh hY Bfjpf, Auh sLfied ies leI ik ies ny bfdl dl dy kMDfVy cVH ky cox mYdfn ivc Auqrnf hY. bfdl dl vwloN qF pUrI iqafrI hY. ies leI Bfjpf nUM bhuqf iPkr nhIN lgdf. BfrqI kimAUinst pfrtI qy mfrksI pfrtI dohF vwloN vI isafsI srgrmI afrMB idwqI geI hY. ies kMm ivc sRI mfn df akflI dl, pRo[ cMdUmfjrf df lONgovfl akfl dl aqy sRI rvIieMdr isMG df dl vI ipwCy nhIN. ieh gwl alwg hY ik hfl dI GVI ieh iqMny dl alwg alwg kMm rhy hn. iesy rsqy bspf qur rhI hY. lok BlfeI pfrtI dI srgrmI kFgrs qy bfdl vrgI hY aqy pMjfb ivc qIsry bdl nUM nypry cfVHn leI jy koeI sB qoN vwD srgrm hY qF Auh hY blvMq isMG rfmUvflIaf. qF vI ieh afAux vflf smF hI dwsygf ik kFgrs aqy bfdl dl ivcoN kOx iksy nUM iTwbI lfAuNdf hY aqy qIsry bdl leI vwK-vwK sB DiVaF nUM ikMnI ku kfmXfbI imldI hY?

 


 

sonIaf gFDI df jvfb nhIN

-sLMgfrf isMG Buwlr

          kuwl ihMd kFgrs dI pRDfn aqy XU[ pI[ ey[ dI cyarprsn bIbI sonIaf gFDI vwloN ipCly idnIN ijvyN lok sBf dI sIt qoN aqy hor vwK-vwK sMgTnF dy pRDfnF jF ahudydfrF vjoN asqIPLy dy idwqy hn, Aus ny Aus df isafsI kwd buwq pfrtI nyqfvF aqy vrkrF dIaF njLrF ivc qF AuWcf kIqf hI hY sgoN afm lokF dIaF njLrF ivc vI Aus df aks bVf viDaf hY. dUjy pfsy sonIaf gFDI dy ies ieko vfr ny BfrqI jnqf pfrtI dy vwzy-vwzy AunHF nyqfvF dI PUk kwZ idwqI hY ijnHF ny Aus vwl kuwJ lfBkfrI ahuidaF `qy ibrfjmfn hox dI sUrq ivc AuNgl syDI sI.

          iksy dy icwq cyqy vI nhIN hovygf ik sonIaf gFDI sfry ahudy Cwzx df PLYslf eynI jldI lvygI ik ies nfl ijwQy ivroDI iDrF dI cfl Tuws ho jfvygI, AuWQy kFgrs pfrtI ivc hor vI jfn pY jfvygI. ies vyly afm lokF dI idRsLtI ieh hY ik sonIaf gFDI ny ipCly kuwJ idnF ivc ijvyN lok sBf dI sIt aqy hor ahuidaF nUM Cwz ky iqafg idKfieaf hY, ies ny kFgrs pfrtI dI awj Auh pujLIsLn ilaf idwqI hY ijhVI pcfsI ivc AudoN sI jdoN ies ny rfjIv gFDI dI agvfeI hyTF lok sBf ivc mukMml bhumq hfsl kIqf sI qy hux Bfjpf nUM sonIaf gFDI dy ies PYsly nfl hwQF pYrF dI peI hoeI hY ik jy kwlH kloqr nUM dysL ivc mwDkflI coxF dI nObq af geI qF kFgrs pfrtI hMUJf PyrU ijwq pRfpq krky XU[ pI[ ey[ cuMgl qoN iblkul mukq ho jfvygI. AuNj ies dOrfn sonIaf gFDI ny rfey brylI hlky qoN muV cox lVn df aYlfn krky ies idsLf vwl iek kdm qF vDf ilaf lgdf hY.

          svfl ieh hY ik sonIaf gFDI iqafg dI mUrq ikvyN bxI aqy aijhf bxn dI loV ikAuN peI? ies df sbMD shI arQF ivc pRiswD iPlm aiBnyqrI jXf bcn nfl juVdf hY. jXf bcn ies vyly iPlm snaq dy AuWGy klfkfr aimqfb bcn dI bIvI hY jo smfjvfdI pfrtI dI qrPoN rfj sBf dI mYNbr sI. nfl hI Auh AuWqr pRdysL dI iPlmF nfl sbMDq iek sMsQf dI muKI vI hY. jXf bcn iKlfPL isLkfieq ieh sI ik Auh rfj sBf dI mYNbr vI hY aqy ieh lfBkfrI ahudy dI muKI vI. lokF df cuixaf pRqIinD lfBkfrI ahudy `qy nhIN rih skdf. ieh isLkfieq AuNj jXf bcn dy ivroDI AumIdvfr ny AudoN kIqI sI jdoN Aus ny rfj sBf leI nfmjLdgI pwqr Bry sn. ivroDI AumIdvfr cUMik ijwq nhIN sI sikaf, ies leI Aus ny adflq ivc ieh isLkfieq kr idwqI ik rfj sBf dy pRqIinD nUM iksy lfBkfrI afhudy `qy rihx df hwk nhIN. AuNj ieh nf Aus ivroDI AumIdvfr dy icwq cyqy sI qy nf hI jXf bcn dy ik kwlH nUM ieh mslf eynf gMBIr bx jfvygf ik jXf bcn nUM afpxI sIt CwzxI pvygI. ies muwdy ny dysL dy sfry isafsqdfnF qy rfjsI pfrtIaF df iDafn afpxy vwl iKicaf. iewQoN qwk ik ieh PfeIl rfsLtrpqI nUM sONp idwqI geI. soc ivcfr aqy bihs mubfihsy ipwCoN jXf bcn nUM rfs sBf dI mYNbrI qoN lfh idwqf igaf.

          ies brqrPLI ny ies muwdy nUM hor BKf idwqf. eynf BKf idwqf ik ivroDI iDr Bfjpf nUM sonIaf gFDI ivruwD AuNgl KVHI krn df mOkf iml igaf ikAuNik sonIaf gFDI lok sBf dI mYNbr hox dy nfl nfl keI aijhy sMgTnF dI muKI jF ahudydfr sI ijnHF nUM lfBkfrI ahudf ikhf jf skdf hY. AudoN iek vfr qF ieAuN lwgf ik sonIaf gFDI kuiVwkI ivc Ps geI hY aqy Aus nUM ivroDI iDr hwQoN sLfied jLlIl hoxf pvy pr ieh mMnxf pvygf ik sonIaf gFDI ny ies sbMD ivc aYsf DobI pwtVf mfiraf ijs ny Bfjpf nUM cfry Kfny icwq kIqf hI sgoN sfry ivroDIaF dI jLbfn vI bMd kr idwqI. Aus ny pihlF lok sBf dI mYNbrI CwzI qy iPr iek iek krky Auh sfry ahudy iqafg idwqy ijnHF nfl Auh juVI hoeI sI. blik sonIaf gFDI ny qurMq Purq ieh PYslf lY ky lokF nUM Auh vylf Xfd krvf idwqf jdoN Aus ny do hjLfr cfr ivc lok sBf coxF ijwqx ipwCoN afp pRDfn mMqrI bxn dI QF zf[ mnmohn isMG nUM ies ahudy `qy ibTf idwqf sI. ieh AudoN dI gwl hY jdoN Bfjpf ny sonIaf gFDI AuWqy ivdysLI mUl dI aOrq hox df dosL lfieaf sI. Bfjpf dI iewCf sI ik sonIaf gFDI iksy qrHF vI pRDfn mMqrI nf bxy. BfvyN Bfjpf dI ieh iewCf qF pUrI ho geI pr sonIaf gFDI ny afpxIaF sUJvfn rfjnIqk cflF nfl Bfjpf nUM aijhf guwTy lfieaf ik ies nUM afpxf aks bnfAux leI hux rwQ Xfqrf krn dI jLrUrq pY geI hY.

          sonIaf gFDI bhuqf icr nhIN hoieaf jdoN rfjnIqI ivc Audymfn hoeI. asl gwl qF ieh hY ik sonIaf gFDI dI sws ieMdrf gFDI sLurU ivc hI bQyrf jLor lfAuNdI rhI ik Auh rfjnIqI ivc pYr Dry pr ijMnF icr ieMdrf gFDI, sMjy gFDI aqy rfjIv gFDI isafsI idRsL AuWqy Cfey rhy, Enf icr qwk sonIaf gFDI rfjnIqI qoN pUrI qrHF lFBy rhI. AuNj jdoN sMjy gFDI df iek hvfeI hfdsy ivc idhFq ho igaf sI qF Aus vyly vI ieMdrf gFDI ny sonIaf nUM bFhoN PV ky isafsq ivc Auqfrn dI koisLsL kIqI pr sonIaf gFDI ny isr PyrI rwiKaf. ieh qF rfjIv gFDI dI mOq qoN ipwCoN hI pfrI dy DurMdr nyqfvF vwloN sonIaf gFDI nUM mnf ky rfjnIqI ivc ilaf ky kFgrs dI vfgzor iehdy hwQ PVfeI geI hflFik Aus vyly dIaF irportF ieh gvfhI BrdIaF hn ik sonIaf gFDI afpxI sws, idEr aqy pqI dy isafsq dI Bytf cVH jfx kfrn rfjnIqI ivc AuWkf hI afAux leI iqafr nhIN sI blik kuwJ lokF dI qF AudoN ieh rfey vI sI ik sonIaf gFDI eynf zr geI hY ik rfjnIqI qoN dUr Bwj rhI hY.

          pr jy vyiKaf jfvy qF sonIaf gFDI ny jdoN qoN gFDI pirvfr ivc pYr pfieaf, AudoN qoN hI rfjnIqI dy vrqfry nUM bhuq nyiVAuN vyKdI rhI. BfvyN Aus ny afpxI sws aqy afpxy pqI-jdoN Auh pRDfn mMqrI sn-dy kMm kfj ivc kdI vI dKLl nhIN sI idwqf pr Auh rfjnIqI dIaF bfrIkIaF ipwCy bYTI bYTI hI mihsUs krn aqy iswKx lwg peI sI ijhVIaF hux Aus dy kMm af rhIaF hn. swq qF ieh hY ik Aus nUM rfjnIqI dI awj pUrI sUJ hY aqy Auh isafsI gotIaF awCI qrHF Kyzxf jfxdI hY.

          jdoN sonIaf gFDI nUM kFgrs dI pRDfngI sMBflI geI qF Aus vyly kFgrs dI hflq bhuq pqlI sI pr Aus ny ijs idRVHqf, sUJ bUJ, qhMml aqy imhnq nfl pfrtI nUM pYrF isr KVHy kIqf, ieh Ausy df hI nqIjf hY ik awj Auh pfrtI dI srvy srvf bxI hoeI hY. sLfied sonIaf gFDI dy iek iesLfry `qy awj sfrI kFgrs pfrtI kuwJ vI kr gujLrn nUM iqafr hovy. Auh sB nUM prvfn hY. ijhVy sUibaF ivcoN kFgrs df borIaf ibsqrf vlyitaf jfx lwgf sI, AunHF ivc awj kFgrs muV pYrIN ho rhI hY. AuWqrI Bfrq dy pMj guaFZI sUby-idwlI, hirafxf, pMjfb, ihmfcl pRdysL aqy jMmU ksLmIr-ies dI iek vwzI imsfl hY blik sonIaf gFDI vwloN smyN smyN ijhVy dfa pyc vrqy jFdy hn, AunHF nfl kFgrs pfrtI hor mjLbUq ho rhI hY. Auh ierfdy dI pwkI hY aqy afm nyqfvF vFg dUijaF isr dosL Qwpx vflI nhIN. Auh kuwJ kr idKfAux vflI hY. jy Auh cfhuMdI qF do sfl pihlF, jdoN lok sBf dIaF coxF hoeIaF sn qF Aus nUM pRDfn mMqrI bxnoN koeI nhIN sI rok skdf pr Aus ny pRDfn mMqrI nf bx ky ijwQy ivroDI iDr dy vfr nUM QMimaf, AuWQy kFgrs nUM kyNdr qy pRFqF ivc pYr psfrn aqy mjLbUq krn df mOkf idwqf.     

          hux vI Aus ny bVI smJdfrI qoN kMm ilaf. ies qoN pihlF ik Aus ivruwD koeI aFc afAuNdI, Auhny sfry ahudy iek iek krky Cwz idwqy aqy afpxf pRqIibMb lokF dIaF njLrF ivc hor AuWcf kr ilaf. kOmFqrI pwDr Auqy vI sonIaF gFDI ny iek vwzy rfjsI nyqf vjoN afpxf aks AuBfiraf hY. awj sfrI kFgrs pfrtI ivc sLfied iek vI afgU nhIN jo Aus ivruwD AuBfsr sky. AuNj Aus ny jdoN qoN kFgrs muKI dI ijLMmyvfrI sMBflI hY, hOlI hOlI afpxy kMm ivc pRgqI ilaFdI hY. ikwQy qF Bfrq dy lokF nUM sMboDn krn vyly Aus nUM BfsLf dy pfVy kfrn musLkl afAuNdI sI pr hux Aus ny hOlI hOlI ies `qy kfbU pf ilaf hY. hux lok sBf hovy jF bfhr aMdr koeI ivsLfl rYlI, nyqfvF dI koeI bYTk hovy jF iPr kfnPrMs qF Auh lokF nUM sMboDn hox vyly afpxI Cfp Cwzx lwg peI hY. Auh hr QF ieAuN PUk PUk ky kdm Dr rhI hY ik ies nfl nf qF Aus dy nF nUM koeI hrPL afvy aqy nf hI pfrtI nUM. ies vyly Auh pfrtI df Durf bx geI hY aqy Aus ny ivroDI nyqfvF nUM drsf idwqf hY ik ijMnf icr Auh rfjnIqI ivc nhIN afeI, nhIN afeI pr jdoN afeI hY qF Aus ny isafsq krky ivKfAuxI sLurU kr idwqI hY. Aus nUM rfjnIqI krnI afAuNdI vI hY. Aus df hr PYslf shI aqy shI smyN `qy ilaf igaf hox dI pusLtI krdf hY. swqfDfrI iDr nUM pfrlImYNt ivc ivroDI iDrF df sKLq sfhmxf krnf pYNdf hY pr ipCly do virHaF dI sonIaf gFDI dI agvfeI ny ieh drsf idwqf hY ik ies vwloN ivroDI iDr nUM cMgI qrHF nwQ pf ky rwiKaf igaf hY. ieh sfrf kuJ Aus sonIaf gFDI dI slfh nfl ho irhf hY ijs nUM ivroDI iDr vfly psMd nhIN sn krdy. sonIaf awj BfvyN pRDfn mMqrI nhIN pr shI arQF ivc AuhIE pRDfn mMqrI hY ijhVI dysL nUM clf rhI hY aqy ijs ny lokF nUM gFDI pirvfr df shI vfrs hox df cmqkfr kr ky idwqf hY. AuNj vI iek nf iek idn Auhny pRDfn mMqrI bxnf hI hY, iksy ny Aus nUM rok nhIN skxf. ieh kMD `qy ilKI hoeI hkIkq hY.

 


ikAuN iCVikaf jf irhY iksfnF dy jLKLmF `qy lUx?

-sLMgfrf isMG Buwlr

          pMjfb dy iksfnF vwloN kyNdr srkfr dy Aus PLYsly ivruwD ajy ivafpk pwDr `qy ros sMGrsL cwl hI irhf hY ik bfhrly mulkF qoN pMj lwK tn kxk ikAuN mMgvfeI jf rhI hY ik AunHF dy isr AuWyqy iek hor ibwj suwt idwqI geI hY ik 15 lwK tn kxk hor drfmd kIqI jf rhI hY. ipClI vfrI qF bhfnf ieh lfieaf igaf ik dwKxI sUibaF ivc hux ikAuNik cfvl dy nfl kxk dI mMg vI vDx lwgI hY, ies leI AuWQy ies dI QuVH nUM sfhmxy rwKidaF bfhroN kxk mMgvfAux df ieh kdm cuwkxf ipaf. bhfnf AuNj ieh vI lfieaf igaf ik kyNdrI anfj BMzfr ivc vI kxk df stfk Gwt hY, ies leI kxk drfmd krn qoN ibnF hor koeI cfrf hI nhIN. pr srkfr vwloN ijhVI dlIl hux idwqI geI hY, Auh bhuqI dmdfr nhIN lwgdI. Auh ieh hY ik aYqkIN mOsm TIk nf rihx kfrn kxk Auqpfdn Gwt hox df KLdsLf hY. pihlF qF grmI vDyry pYx nfl kxk df dfxf suwkx aqy iPr bymOsmf mINh pYx nfl ies dy kuJ-kuJ Krfb hox dI sMBfvnf vD geI hY. kyNdrI anfj BMzfr ivc kxk df BMzfr Gwt hox vflI pihlI dlIl qF spwsLt hI hY. so ies pihlU dy mwdynjLr srkfr nUM kxk bfhroN mMgvfAux leI mjbUr hoxf pY irhf hY.

          swc puwCo qF srkfr dy ies PLYsly ny bldI AuWqy qyl pfieaf hY. ikwQy qF iksfnF vwloN pMj lwK tn kxk mMgvfAux ivruwD hI nf kyvl idwlI qwk aMdoln iviZaf igaf sgoN iksfn sMgTnF ny DmkIaF iewQoN qwk dy idwqIaF hn ik ijnHF bMdrgfhF AuWqy ieh kxk AuqrygI, Auh AuWQy-AuWQy hI phuMc ky ies nUM jhfjLF ivwcoN nhIN Auqrn dyxgy. ieh qF smF hI dwsygf ik iksfn sMgTn ies kxk nUM bMdrgfhF AuWqy nf Auqrn dyx ivc ikMny ku sPLl huMdy hn pr svfl ieh pYdf huMdf hY ik ijhVf dysL ipCly keI virHaF qoN anfj ivc svYinrBr sI aqy AuWqrI Bfrq dy ijhVy do pRFq-pMjfb aqy hirafxf-sfry dysL leI loV qoN vwD kxk pYdf kr rhy hn, hux ieh ikhVI inwC vwj geI hY ik bfhroN kxk mMgvfAux dI loV pY geI hY aqy Auh vI 20 lwK tn.

          pMj lwK tn kxk mMgvfAux dI gwl qF smJ afAuNdI hY pr 20 lwK tn vflI iblkul nhIN. kI anfj dy BMzfr ivc kxk dI kmI df pqf srkfr nUM huxy hI lwgf hY aqy Auh vI eyzI vwzI mfqrf dI kmI? ijhVy lok anfj BMzfr dI sFB-sMBfl leI ijLMmyvfr huMdy hn, AunHF nUM puwiCaf jf skdf hY ik jdoN anfj BMzfr ivc kxk dy loVINdy stfk dI kmI afAux lwgI sI qF AudoN AunHF ny ieh gwl srkfr dy iDafn ivc ikAuN nhIN ilaFdI? iehdf mqlb ieh hoieaf ik dysL dy anfj ivc svYinrBr hox df qF hux Brm BulyKf hI rih igaf hY, asl ivc ipCly kuJ smyN qoN ies ivc lgfqfr kmI af rhI sI.

          dUr kI jfxf hY. ieh kmI jfxbuwJ ky ilaFdI geI jfpdI hY. ipCly kuJ sflF qoN AuWqrI Bfrq, ivsLysL krky pMjfb aqy hirafxf dy iksfnF dIaF ijxsF nUM shI qrHF KrIidaf hI nhIN sI jf irhf. iksfn ijMnI kxk qy cfvl pYdf krdy sn, Aus nUM ro Do ky KrIidaf jFdf aqy Auh vI axAuicq drF `qy. iksfn qF KyqI lfgq muqfibk ijxsF dy BfvF dI mMg krdy rhy hn pr srkfr awvl qF vyly isr ijxsF dy Bfa hI nhIN sI aYlfndI. jy aYlfndI vI qF ingUxf ijhf. iek vfrI nhIN, keI vfr hoieaf ik iksfnF nUM TIk smyN `qy afpxIaF PLslF dy Bfa aYlfn krvfAux leI sMGrsL qwk vI krnf ipaf.

          AuprMq iksfnF nUM kxk qy Jony dy PslI cwkr ivwcoN inklx leI vI jLor idwqf igaf. keI vfrI qF ies leI vI ieh dlIlF idwqIaF geIaF ikAuNik kyNdrI anfj BMzfr ivc kxk rwKx leI hor QF nhIN, ies leI ibhqr hovygf jy iksfn kxk qy Jonf Gwt bIjx. ies dI QF Auh dflF qy nkdI vflIaF PslF nUM qrjIh dyx. vrqmfn hflq ivc Jonf Gwt bIjx dI slfh qF smJ afAuNdI hY ikAuNik DrqI hyTlf pfxI df pwDr bhuq hyTF clf igaf hY aqy jy BivwK ivc vI Jony hyT EnI hI DrqI bIjLI jFdI rhI, ijMnI ik hux bIjI jf rhI hY qF pfxI df sMkt KVHf ho jfvygf pr kxk leI qF ijMnf ku pfxI cfhIdf huMdf hY, Enf ku AuplbD ho jFdf hY. kuJ nihrI pfxI, kuJ itAUbvYWl df aqy kuJ mINh afid df.

          qF vI jdoN iek pfsy iksfnF nUM kxk Gwt bIjx dI slfh idwqI jf rhI hY aqy dUjy pfsy pYdf huMdI kxk Auicq Bfa ivc KrIdx qoN tflf vwitaf jf rIhf sI qF ies df mqlb sfPL hI lwgdf sI ik srkfr nUM afpxIaF nfloN bfhrilaF nfl ijLafdf moh hY. imsfl vjoN iksfn nUM qF ies vyly bVI musLkl nfl kxk leI 650 rupey pRqI kuieMtl idwqy jf rhy hn. dUjy pfsy ijhVI kxk bfhroN mMgvfeI jf rhI hY, Auhdy leI kul Krcf 950 rupey PI kuieMtl afAuNdf hY. srkfr kih skdI hY ik bfhroN kxk vDIaf iksm dI afvygI aqy hovygI vI ssqI pr ieQy ieh kihxf kuQF nhIN hovygf ik kxk df ijhVf ikrfieaf aqy hor vfDU Krc hovygf, Auh aqy hor loVIN dIaF kfrvfeIaF pUrIaF krky ieh pMjfb dy iksfn nUM idwqy jf rhy Bfa nfloN iPr vI iqMn sO rupey PI kuieMtl vDyry hovygf. afpxy AunHF iksfnF df ieAuN glf ikAuN Guwitaf jf irhf hY ijnHF ny dysL nUM AudoN anfj ivc svYinrBr bxfieaf jdoN ieh bfhrly mulkf awgy anfj leI hwQ awz irhf sI? hflFik bfhrly mulk irhf iKhf anfj idMdy aqy nfl hI aihsfn vI jqfAuNdy sn.

          svfl iPr ieh hY ik jdoN dysL ivc loVoN vwD kxk df Auqpfdn huMdf irhf hY aqy aYqkI vI hox dI sMBfvnf hY qF vI eynI vwzI mfqrf ivc kxk bfhroN ikAuN mMgvfeI jf rhI hY aqy iPr AudoN mMgvfeI jf rhI hY, jdoN kxk mMzIaF ivc afAuxI sLurU vI ho geI hY? pihlI aprYl qoN dysL Br ivc kxk dI srkfrI pwDr Auqy KrId sLurU ho geI hY aqy iksfnF nUM muwl AuhIE iml irhf hY 650 rupey PI kuieMtl pr mfXUskuMn irportF ieh vI hn ik srkfrI pwDr `qy kxk dI KrId ivc vI afnfkfnI ho rhI hY aqy iPr ivcfly inwjI vpfrI kxk dI KrId krn vwl lwgy hoey hn aqy Auh iksfnF ny 650 rupey PI kuieMtl vI nhIN dy rhy.

          AuDr iksfn hY ik bhuqf smF mMzI ivc kxk dy srfhxy nhIN bYT skdf. mMzI ivc Aus dI peI Psl sgoN hor ruldI rihMdI hY. Aus ny ipCy KyqI nUM vI dyKxf huMdf hY aqy Gr nUM vI. ies leI Auh duKI ho ky jo vwitaf so Kwitaf anusfr kxk vyc ky Gr nUM qur jFdf hY. pr Gr jf ky jdoN kxk bIjx qoN lY ky mMzI ivc vycx qk df ihsfb ikqfb krdf hY qF Auhdy pwly kuJ vI nhIN pYNdf. pr mrdf kI nf krdf. ieQoN hI Auhdy duwKF dI khfxI sLurU huMdI hY. Auh vDyry krky CotI KyqI vflf iksfn hY. ieDroN AuDroN krjf cuwk ky KyqI krdf hY. KyqI lfgqF idnoN idn mihMgIaF huMdIaF jf rhIaF hn. ibjlI qy zIjl hI AuhnUM sfh nhIN lYx idMdy pr ies sfry dy bdly ivc AuhnUM imldf kuJ vI nhIN.

          pr hux kxk bfhrly dysLF ivcoN mMgvfAux df aYlfn kr ky iksfn nUM hor zrf idwqf igaf hY. ivcfry iksfn df kI ksUr? ksUr qF kxk dI smyN-smyN isr KrId nf krn vfly jF iPr kyNdrI anfj BMzfr dI sFB sMBfl nf krn vfly aiDkfrIaF df hY. iksfn qF isry df imhnqI hY. dysL df aMndfqf hY ijhVf imwtI ivcoN anfj dy Zyr lf irhf hY. awj vI jy iksfn nUM isrP eynf hI Brosf idwqf jfvy ik Aus nUM Aus dI KyqI lfgq muqfbk ijxsF dy Bfa imlxgy qF bysLwk ajLmf ky vyK lE ik iek do virHaF ivc kxk df BMzfr nf kyvl pUrf hI ho jfvygf sgoN vD vI jfvygf. srkfr ny ies iksfn nUM pihlF hI ajLmfieaf hoieaf hY.

          ies dysL dI DrqI bVI jrKyjL hY. vwK-vwK QfvF `qy vwK-vwK PslF df vwzy pwDr AuWqy Auqpfdn huMdf hY. ikqy dflF, ikqy sbjLIaF, ikqy nkdI PslF aqy ikqy kxk qy Jonf. iksfn qMgIaF qursLIaF sih ky vI anfj Auqpfdn qoN ipCy nhIN htdy bfvjUd ies dy ik iksy vI sUby ivc iksfnF nUM AunHF dIaF PslF dy Auicq Bfa nhIN imldy. hr QF hr Psl dI kImq ivc mfmUlI ijhf iejfPLf kIqf jFdf hY, eynf mfmUlI ik srkfr kihx nUM kih sky ik Aus ny iksfnF nfl inaF kridaF hoieaF AunHF dIaF ijxsF dy BfvF ivc vfDf kIqf hY pr asl ivc ieh vfDf AuWicq nhIN huMdf. iewQoN hI KLudkusLIaF df dOr sLurU huMdf hY. srkfr nUM awj iksfnF dy duwKF drdF dI sfr lYx dI loV hY.

          iksfn sMgTn ies vyly srkfr dy ies PYsly kfrn roh ivc hn. AunHF nUM zr hY ik kwlH nUM dysL dy iksfnF vwloN pYdf kIqI jFdI kxk ivsLv mMzI dy inXmF muqfbk Auc pwDr dI nf hox df bhfnf lf ky hor Kwjl Kuafr nf kIqf jfvy. iqMn iksfn XUnIanF vwloN qF iksfnF dIaF jfiejL mMgF nUM lY ky pRFq dIaF anfj mMzIaF df bfeIkft kIqf jf irhf hY. bfhrly mulk qF KyqI leI iksfnF nUM vwzy pwDr AuWqy sbiszIaF idMdy hn jdoN ik sfzy iewQy ies pfisEN hwQ iblkul hI Guwitaf jf irhf hY. bfhrly mulkF ivc agfAUN srvy krvf ky ijxs dI ibjfeI hI EnI krvfeI jFdI hY ijMnI ik dysL nUM loV huMdI hY. sfzy iewQy ipCly isrPL do virHaF ivc iekwly zIjLl dIaF kImqF ivc keI vfr vfDf hoieaf hY pr iehdy tfkry `qy vwK-vwK ijxsF dIaF kImqF ivc vfDf bVf mfmUlI ijhf hoieaf hY.

          PslF dy vfjb Bfa nf imlx aqy dUjf kxk bfhroN mMgvfAux krky pMjfb dy iksfn df sbr df ipaflf Biraf ipaf hY. kyNdr nUM iek qF AunHF aiDkfrIaF nUM ktihry ivc KVf krnf cfhIdf hY ijnHF ny jfx bwuJ ky dysL ivc kxk dy vwzy BMzfr ivc kmI afAux idwqI. dUjf, kyNdr ny bfhroN kxk mMgvfAux leI ijMnf pYsf ivdysLI mudrf ivc Krcxf hY, Aus qoN Gwt dy ky iksfnF nUM KusL kIqf jf skdf hY. qIjf, 20 lwK tn kxk bfhroN mMgvfAux df ijhVf PYslf ilaf igaf hY, ies `qy muV ivcfr kry. dysL ivc kxk Auqpfdn dy mwdynjLr ijMnf sMBv ho sky, Gwt qoN Gwt kxk bfhroN mMgvfeI jfvy. cOQf, iksfnF nUM BivwK ivc vfjb Bfa df Brosf dy ky kxk Auqpfdn vDfAux leI afiKaf jfvy. AuNj kI ieh sMBv nhIN ik mfihrF dI iek kmytI cfry kMnIaF soc ky hr vrHy kyNdr nUM ieh isPfrsL kry ik Aus nUM kxk ikMnI mfqrf ivc cfhIdI hY aqy hor ijxsF ikMnI mfqrf ivc. ieh ies leI ik dysL nUM ijMnf aqy ijhVf anfj loNVIdI mfqrf ivc cfhIdf hY, Auh pYdf kIqf jf sky. aqy afKrI, ijAuN-ijAuN KyqI lfgqF vDdIaF hn, AunHF muqfbk hI ijxsF dy Bfa mukwrr kIqy jfx. iksfn nUM nfrfjL krnf dysL dy ihwq ivc nhIN hovygf.

 


kdoN mukMml hovygI gilafrf Xojnf?

-sLMgfrf isMG Buwlr

          drbfr sfihb dy afly-duafly bxn vflI gilafrf Xojnf ienHIN idnIN iek vfrI iPr surwKIaF ivc hY. ieh ies leI ik mfrc dy afKLrI hPLqy pRDfn mMqrI zf[ mnmohn isMG aMimRqsr afey ijwQoN AunHF ny nnkfxf sfihb nUM jfx vflI bws nUM hrI JMzI dyxI sI. iesy dOrfn AunHF dy drbfr sfihb duafly gilafrf Xojnf dy afKrI do pVfvF nUM nypry cfVHn leI kyNdr srkfr vwloN idwqI jfx vflI grFt df vI aYlfn kIqf. ies aYlfn nfl ies Xojnf nUM nypry cfVHn leI sLoRmxI gurduafrf pRbMDk kmytI aqy ijLlHf pRsLfsn ivc ihljul hoxI sLurU ho geI hY. AuNj sLRomxI gurduafrf pRbMDk kmytI vwloN kyNdr srkfr dy iDafn ivc keI vfrI ilaFdf igaf hY ik ies nfl drbfr sfihb dy afly-duafly dI KUbsUrqI dI QF imwtI Gwtf sgoN ijLafdf AuWz irhf hY ijwQy prvfsI mjLdUrF df vfsf ho irhf hY qy ieh Kyqr smfj ivroDI qwqF df vI awzf bx irhf hY, ijs df afAux vfly sLrDflUaF qy KLfs krky ivdysLI sYlfnIaF AuWqy mfVf pRBfv pY irhf hY. hux vI cOQy qy pMjvyN pVfa leI sLRomxI kmytI qy ijLlHf pRsLfsn ny grFt mMgI sI.

          hux qk dIaF irportF muqfbk pMj pVfvF ivc mukMml hox vflI ies gilafrf Xojnf dy iqMn pVfa BfvyN lgpg mukMml ho cuwky hn pr ies df bfhrI pRBfv bhuqf njLr nhIN af irhf. cOQf aqy pMjvF do pVfa mukMml hox vfly rihMdy hn aqy ienHF leI hI pRDfn mMqrI vwloN grFt aYlfnI geI hY. ienHF iqMnF pVfvF AuWqy hux qk swqr kroV rupey Krc af cuwky hn. ies pRfjYkt `c dyrI hox krky Krcy ivc vfDf hoieaf hY. ies rkm ivc Auh Krcf vI sLfml hY ijhVf Xojnf ivc afAuNdy GrF aqy dukfnF nUM Zfhux leI AunHF dy mflkF nUM muafvjLy vjoN idwqf igaf.

          ieh gilafrf Xojnf hY kI? ies dI jfxkfrI leI lgpg do dhfky ipwCy prqxf pvygf. curfsI ivc jdoN sfkf nIlf qfrf vfpiraf qF jLfihr hI hY ik surwiKaf POjF nUM drbfr sfihb dy afly-duafly dy qMg bfjLfrF aqy GrF dIaF BIVIaF glIaF kfrn afpxI izAUtI inBfAux ivc kuJ idwkqF afeIaF. iesy nUM sfhmxy rwK ky pMjfb srkfr vwloN iek aijhI Xojnf ivAuNqI geI ijs nfl drbfr sfihb dy afly-duafly nUM sfPL krky aqy KUbsUrq bnfAux nUM gilafrf Xojnf df nF idwqf igaf.

          ies Xojnf muqfbk drbfr sfihb dy 30 mItr dy Gyry ivc ijhVy mkfn, iemfrqF jF hor dukfnF afid afAuNdIaF hn, AunHF nUM Zfh ky Aus QF `qy KUbsUrq gilafrf bnfAuxf hY. ies ivc ijwQy Puhfry, mKmlI Gfh, Puwl bUty aqy rosLnIaF afid df pRbMD krnf hY, AuWQy GMtf Gr dy sfhmxy iek jLmIndojL kfr pfrikMg df vI pRbMD krnf hY qF ik bfhroN afAux vfly sLrDflUaF nUM iewQy afpxIaF kfrF jF vYhIkl lfAux ivc koeI musLikl nf hovy. ieh kfr pfrikMg Gwto-Gwt 200 kfrF leI bxfeI jfxI hY.

          ies gilafrf Xojnf dy do muwK AudysL sn. pihlf, drbfr sfihb dy afly-duafly nUM KuUbsUrq bnfAuxf aqy dUjf, ies Kyqr ivc Auicq surwiKaf pRbMD krnf. Xfd rhy hux vI drbfr sfihb mwQf tykx afey sLrDflU nUM kfr jF vYhIkl lfAux nUM QF AuplbD nhIN huMdI. drbfr sfihb iksy pfisAuN vI jfE-eynf BIV BVwkf hY ik afm krky ivdysLI sYlfnI drbfr sfihb afAuxoN GbrfAuNdf hY.

          pMjfb srkfr ny ies gilafrf Xojnf sbMDI sfkf nIlf qfrf qoN cfr sfl bfad 1988 ivc kyNdr srkfr nfl gwlbfq krky Aus nUM ieh skIm ByjI. AuNj ies dOrfn iCafsI ivc jdoN aprysLn blYk QMzr hoieaf qF Aus vyly vI AunHF pihlUaF nUM hI mihsUs kIqf igaf ijhVy curfsI vfly sn. drasl srkfr cfhuMdI sI ik drbfr sfihb dy afly-duafly df ieh Kyqr sfPL suQrf aqy KuwlHf zuwlHf hovy aqy 30 mItr vflI hwd drbfr sfihb ivc dfKLl hox vfly bfhrly drvfjLy qoN imQI jfxI sI.

          kyNdr srkfr ny vI curfsI ivc sfkf nIlf qfrf smyN surwiKaf POjF nUM izAUtI smyN pysL afeI smwisaf dy snmuwK ies nUM nf kyvl qurMq prvfn hI kr ilaf sgoN ies leI bfkfiedf rkm vI rwK leI geI. sLurU ivc ieh rkm 119 kroV rupey sI pr ipwCoN ies nUM aMqm rUp dy ky 82 kroV rupey kr idwqf igaf. hux qk ies Xojnf AuWqy 70 kroV rupey Krc ho cuwky hn. ieh kihxf musLikl hovygf ik ijhVy do pVfa ajy mukMml hox vfly rihMdy hn, AunHF leI aYlfnI geI grFt nfl ieh nypry cVH jfxgy jF nhIN. AuNj ienHF dohF pVfvF ivc pOxy bfrF kroV rupey rwKy gey hn. AuDr qIh mItr dy Gyry ivc kul 1[60 iklomItr df ielfkf afAuNdf hY aqy ieh kul imlf ky sfZy pMdrF eykV QF bxdI hY.

          iek gwl bVI spwsLt hY ik ihMdusqfn ivc ijhVI vI Xojnf AulIkI jFdI hY aqy muwZ ivc ies AuWqy ijMny Krc smyN df anumfn lfieaf jFdf hY, jy qF ieh vkq isr pUrf ho jfvy, iPr qF vwzI smwisaf nhIN huMdI pr amUmn vyiKa igaf hY ik srkfrI XojnfvF jdoN qy ijMny smyN ivc pUrIaF krn leI AulIkIaF jFdIaF hn, Auh Eny smyN ivc pUrIaF nhIN huMdIaF. ieAuN Krcy df anumfn hor vDxf sLurU ho jFdf hY.

          gilafrf Xojnf nfl vI ievyN hoieaf hY blik ies dy pihly iqMn pVfa vI bVy lMgy zMg hI bxy hn. kih lE ik jUn 1988 ivc ies Xojnf dI nINh rwKI geI sI aqy hux aTfrF virHaF ivc musLikl nfl ies dy iqMn pVfa pUry hoey hn. hflFik ies Xojnf ivc AusfrI df kMm bhuqf nhIN, bhuqf kMm ajy vI Aus Kyqr ivc rih geIaF dukfnF aqy iemfrqF nUM Zfhux df hY. bhuqf kMm ies Kyqr nUM KUbsUrq bnfAuxf hY. ijwQoN qk svfl AusfrI df hY, Auh vDyry krky jLmIndosL kfr pfrikMg df hI hY. igxqI dy virHaF ivc nypry cVH jfx vflI ieh Xojnf jy agly do virHaF ivc vI mukMml ho jfvy qF bVI vwzI gwl hovygI. pMjvF pVfa AuNj jilaFvflf bfg pfisAuN drbfr sfihb ivc dfKly aqy jLmIndosL kfr pfrikMg df hY.

          jUn aTfsI ivc jdoN ies Xojnf AuWqy kMm sLuurU hoieaf qF ies df 30 mItr dy Gyry ivc afAuNdy GrF qy dukfnF AuWqy asr pYxf suBfivk hI sI. lgpg 1162 dukfnF aqy 747 Gr ies dI jwd ivc afey. ienHF nUM bxdf muafvjLf vI idwqf igaf. bhuq sfry dukfndfrF nUM aMimRqsr dIaF vwK-vwK mfrkItF ivc dukfnF idwqIaF geIaF. ieh gwl vwKrI hY ik drbfr sfihb vrgy ielfky ivc, ijwQy afm XfqrUaF df hVH afieaf rihMdf hY, dukfnF idwqIaF geIaF qF AunHF df AuWQy clxf keI vfr suBfvk nhIN huMdf. ieAuN keIaF df kfrobfr Twp ho igaf. keI cMgI rotI KFdy-KFdy qMgI qursLI `qy af gey. Aus vyly ies qrHF dIaF prysLfnIaF ivwcoN lMGidaF Gwto-Gwt iqMn ivakqIaF ny KudkusLI vI kr leI. ievyN ijnHF dy Gr Zfhy gey sn, AunHF nUM sLihroN bfhr rihx leI plft idwqy gey. ieh anumfn lfAuxf bhuqf sOKf nhIN ik jwdI pusLqI Gr Cwzxf ikMnf musLikl huMdf hY aqy Auh vI pfk pivwqr asQfn dy nyVy ijwQoN hr vyly kMnF ivc rsiBMny kIrqn dI afvfjL pYNdI hY. ibnF sLwk ienHF mkfn mlkF qy dukfnF vfilaF dI mdd qF kIqI geI pr ivc keI ikrfeydfr vI sn ijnHF nUM bhuqf muafvjLf nhIN iml sikaf.

          hux vI hflq ieh hY ik muafvjLf dy cuwkx dy bfvjUd keI dukfnF ijAuN dIaF iqAuN kMm kr rhIaF hn pr cOQy aqy pMjvyN pVfa dI pUrqI leI ienHF dukfnF nUM iewQoN AuTfAuxf hI pYxf hY. hfl dI GVI ieh bhuqIaF dukfnF GMtf Gr dy sfhmxy vflIaF hn. ienHF nUM ipCly do virHaF qoN KflI krn leI ikhf hoieaf hY pr cldf kfrobfr Cwz ky Blf kIhdf ikqy jfx nUM jIa krdf hY! AuNj ies Xojnf leI ijhVIaF kuJ iemfrqF ZfhIaF geIaF, AunHF ivc iek do sO sflF purfxIaF vI sn. ienHF dukfnF ivc vDyry kMm nklI ijAUlrI, kfsmYitks, GrylU vsqF, hOjrI, sIqy sqfey kwpVy aqy pfpV vVIaF df huMdf hY aqy drbfr sfihb dy drsLnF nUM afAux vfly sLrDflU ienHF nUM qohPLy vjoN lY ky jFdy hn.

          ies Xojnf ivc dyrI hox df iek kfrn qF ieh hY ik smyN-smyN isr ies leI pUrI rkm nhIN imldI rhI. ies qrHF Xojnf dy mukMml hox ivc dyrI qF hoeI hI, nfl hI Krcf vI viDaf. dUjf ieh dosL lfieaf jFdf hY ik sqfnvyN qoN do hjLfr do dy smyN qk bfdl srkfr vwloN ies dI axdyKI krnf hY. hF, kYptn amirMdr isMG srkfr ny ies pfsy nf kyvl KLud hI iDafn vI smyN-smyN iKwicaf. ieho vjHf hY ik pRDfn mMqrI huxy ijhy grFt df aYlfn krky gey hn. ijs vyly ieh Xojnf sLurU hoeI sI, AudoN iek anumfn muqfbk drbfr sfihb rojL lgpg 30 hjLfr XfqrU mwQf tykx afAuNdy sn pr hux smyN dy vhfa nfl ienHF dI igxqI ivc Zyr sfrf vfDf hoieaf hY. iek anumfn muqfbk ienHIN idnIN Gwto-Gwt 50 hjLfr XfqrU rojLfnf drbfr sfihb mwQf tykdy hn. ieho vjHf hY ik afey vrHy kmytI df bjt vD irhf hY. qF vI svflF df svfl ieh hY ik hux jdoN cOQy qy pMjvyN pVfa AuWqy kMm sLurU hoxf hY qF ies nUM sfiraF dy sihXog nfl CyqI qoN CyqI nypry cfiVaf jfxf cfhIdf hY. ikqy aijhf nf hovy ik pihlF vFg PMzF dI kmI kfrn awD ivcfly ltikaf rhy.

 


pMjfb df vrqmfn isafsI idRsL

 

-sLMgfrf isMG Buwlr

          hux jdoN ik pMjfb ivDfn sBf coxF ivc musLkl nfl ds-igafrF mhIny rih gey hn qF pRFq dIaF sfrIaF CotIaF motIaF isafsI iDrF ny afpxy-afpxy pr qolxy sLurU kr idwqy hn. moty qOr `qy do iDrF-kFgrs aqy sLRomxI akflI dl (bfdl) ny qF keI mhIny pihlF qoN hI iek qrHF cox ibgl vjf Cwizaf hY. dohF iDrF vwloN ipCly smyN ivc ijQy ikqy vI isafsI rYlIaF aqy jlsy jlUs kIqy gey hn, AuQoN pRmuwK qOr `qy Jlk ies gwl dI hI imldI rhI ik ienHF dohF iDrF ny lokF nUM afpxy-afpxy vwl iKwcxf-pRyrnf sLurU kr idwqf hY. pMjfb kFgrs dI agvfeI sRI sLmsLyr isMG dUlo kr rhy hn jdoN ik bfdl dl dI vfgzor sRI pRkfsL isMG bfdl ny sMBflI hoeI hY. idlcsp gwl ieh hY ik pMjfb kFgrs nUM ijQy pMjfb dy muwK mMqrI kYptn amirMdr isMG vloN akflIaF nUM dbfswt awgy ley jfx dy aYlfnF ibafnF nfl ijhVf Pfiedf ho irhf hY, AuDr sRI bfdl KLud aqy iPr AunHF df PrjMd sRI suKbIr bfdl dovyN ipAu-puwq pUrI pMjfb kFgrs nUM JeIaF lY-lY pY rhy hn.

          ipCly keI virHaF qoN pMjfb df isafsI BoNie idRsL aijhf irhf hY ijQy iek vfrI kFgrs iDr swqfDfrI huMdI hY aqy dUjI vfrI akflI dl. hflFik akflIaF vloN ijhVf pMjfbI sUbf lMby sMGrsL aqy kurbfnIaF nfl ilaf igaf, ies df ienHF nUM bhuqf Pfiedf nhIN hoieaf. akflIaF dI kOisLsL ivcoN ieh sI ik pMjfb ivc pMjfbI sUbf bxn nfl hmysLf pRFq ivc akflIaF df sLuwD srkfr bx sikaf krygI pr ieh ienHF df vihm Brm hI iswD hoieaf hY. sLfied ies gwloN prqfp isMG kYroN bVy sUJvfn isafsI nyqf sn ijhVy pMjfbI sUby dy kqeI hwk ivc nhIN sn. sLfied iesy leI AunHF ny akflIaF df ivroD jfxidaF buwJidaF hoieaF vI shyiVaf. idloN AunHF nUM pMjfb, pMjfbI aqy pMjfbIaq nfl drd sI pr akflI AunHF dI gwl mMn nhIN sn rhy. akflIaF vloN kIqy aMdoln nUM sRI kYroN ny bQyrf Twpx dI koisLsL kIqI qy swc ieh hY ik ijMnf icr Auh ijAuNdy rhy, BfvyN Auh swqf ivc sn qy BfvyN nhIN, pMjfbI sUbf nhIN bx sikaf. pMjfbIaF nUM pMjfbI sUbf sRI kYroN dy idhFq ipwCoN hI imilaf aqy Auh vI sRImqI ieMdrf gFDI dI imhrbfnI nfl.

          iCafhT ivc pMjfb dy punrgTn ipwCoN hux qwk pcfsI ivc isrP ieko hI mOkf afieaf jdoN pMjfb ivc akflIaF dI sLuwD srkfr bxI. ieh srkfr sRI surjIq isMG brnflf dI agvfeI hyTlI sI aqy ieh vI qwqy Gfa sLfied ies leI bxI ik sMq hrcMd isMG lONgovfl ny dysL dI  eykqf aqy aKMzqf Kfqr afpxI qfjLI qfjLI blI idwqI sI. ieh Auh smF sI jdoN pMjfb ivc hflfq kfPLI Krfb ho gey sn pr kyNdr srkfr iksy nf iksy qrHF akflIaF nUM KusL krky ieQoN AunHF dI srkfr bxfey jfx dy hwk ivc sI. ies leI vwzI BUimkf rfjIv gFDI ny inBfeI sI. AuNj nf pcfsI qoN pihlF qy nf iPr pcfsI qoN bfad kdI akflIaF dI sLuwD srkfr bxI. ieQoN qwk ik iekfnvyN ivc jdoN akflIaF dI iek vfrI sLuwD srkfr bxn dy afsfr sn qF Aus vyly dysL dy nvyN bxy pRDfn mMqrI sRI nrismhf rfE ny ieh coxF hI mulqvI krvf idwqIaF sn.

          iPr sqfnvyN ivc vI akflIaF dI Kflsf srkfr bxn dy mOky sn pr sRI bfdl ny koeI aMdrUnI zr BFpidaF kyNdr qy pMjfb dohIN QfeIN Bfjpf nfl rl ky coxF lVIaF aqy dohIN QfeIN srkfr ivc BfeIvflI rhI hflFik sRI bfdl nUM sqfnvyN ivc iek qrHF loVoN vwD bhumq imilaf. ieho kfrn hY ik AudoN qoN lY ky hux qk vI sRI bfdl ny Bfjpf nfl pwkI XfrI pflI hoeI hY hflFik Bfjpf ny keI iek mOikaF `qy kMnI iKskfAux dI kOisLsL vI kIqI sI. pr sRI bfdl ivc ieh isPLq hY ik iek vfrI ijhdy nfl lfAuNdy hn, qoV inBfAuNdy hn. afp nhIN Cwzdy, dUjf BfvyN Cwz jfvy.

          clo gwl rqf lFBy clI geI. gwl qF ivcoN ies vyly pMjfb dy vrqmfn isafsI idRsL dI sI aqy ies idRsL ivc kFgrs qy akflI dl (bfdl) qF ipCly kfPLI smyN qoN cox prcfr ivc lwg gey hn jdoN ik hor CotIaF-CotIaF iDrF ny vI kmrkwsy kr ley hn. ienHF ivc Bfjpf qoN ibnF BfrqI kimAUinst pfrtI, mfrksI kimAUinst pfrtI aqy bspf hn jdoN ik AuDr dUjy pfsy bfdl dl dy tfkry `qy keI sLRomxI akflI dl sLfml hn. ienHF ivcoN pRmuwK sRI ismrnjIq isMG mfn dI agvfeI hyTlf sLRomxI akflI dl (aMimRqsr) aqy poR[ pRym isMG cMdUmfjrf dI agvfeI hyTF sLRomxI akflI dl (lONgovfl) hY. pMjfb ivDfn sBf dy sfbkf spIkr sRI rvIieMdr isMG dI agvfeI hyTF sLRomxI akflI dl (1920) vI hY aqy ies qoN ibnF sfbkf kyNdrI mMqrI sRI blvMq isMG rfmUvflIaf dI pRDfngI hyTlI lok BlfeI pfrtI hY.

          ijQy pMjfb kFgrs aqy bfdl dl iek dUjy ivruwD pUrI qrHF afhmo sfhmxy hn, AuQy sRI mfn vfly akflI dl nUM Cwz ky bfkI akflI dl aqy lok BlfeI pfrtI, sxy mfrksI pfrtI dy, qIsry morcy leI XqnsLIl hn. kdI-kdI ieh pMQk morcy dI gwl vI qor lYNdy hn. Aus vyly spsLt hY ik pMjfb dI mfrksI pfrtI ies ivc sLfml nhIN huMdI. ies dI QF sLRomxI akflI dl (idwlI) ies ivc sLfml ho jFdf hY. ies dl dy pRDfn sRI prmjIq isMG srnf hn ijhVy idwlI iswK gurduafrf pRbMDk kmytI dy pRDfn rhy hn aqy ijnHF ny ihMdusqfn aqy pfiksqfn dohF nUM nyVy ilafAux ivc ipCly keI virHaF ivc vwzI BUimkf inBfeI hY. hux aMimRqsr qoN nnkfxf sfihb qk ijhVI bws nUM JMzI pRDfn mMqrI zf[ mnmohn isMG ny idwqI hY, ies bfry kfPLI smF pihlF sRI srnf ny hI srkfr nUM suJfa idwqf sI.

           asl ivc sRI srnf aqy pMMMMjfb dy muwK mMqrI kYptn amirMdr isMG dI afps ivc cMgI bxdI hY. AuDr kYptn amirMdr isMG dI KUbI ieh hY ik hr cMgI gwl nUM Auh qwt Pwt svIkfr lYNdy hn. jdoN dohF pMjfbF nUM hor nyVy ilafAux df suJfa sRI srnf vloN muwK mMqrI nUM idwqf igaf qF AunHF ny qurq ies idsLf vl amlI kdm puwty. ieh iesy df iswtf hY ik nnkfxf sfihb nUM aMimRqsroN cfr mfrgI sVk df nINh pwQr ipCly sfl pMjfb dy muwK mMqrI kYptn amirMdr isMG ny rwiKaf. aMimRqsr-lfhOr nUM vPdF df afAuxf jfxf afm vFg bixaf hoieaf hY. afm afAux jfx nfl spsLt hY ik dUrIaF GtdIaF hn qy nyVqf vDdI hY.

          pRDfn mMqrI dI ipCly hPLqy aMimRqsr PyrI ny nnkfxf sfihb nUM bws qorn qoN ibnF jo aYlfn kIqy aqy aMimRqsr leI 600 kroV df ivsLysL pYkyj idwqf, ieh pMjfb dy lokF nUM ivDfn sBf coxF leI idwqf igaf iek agfAUN qohPLf hI qF hY BfvyN ies ivc kuJ rkm gilafrf Xojnf leI vI hY. ies qoN ibnF kYptn amirMdr isMG aqy AunHF dy sfQI mMqrI pUrI qrHF hrkq ivc hn aqy jdoN vI iksy QF Auh akflIaF nUM kosdy hn qF smJ lE ik Auh aiswDy qOr `qy coxF dI gwl hI kr rhy hn. akflI dl (bfdl) vI ipwCy nhIN. kYptn amirMdr isMG pihlF nhIN, hux sRI bfdl qy suKbIr bfdl nUM cMgy rgVy lfAux lwg pey hn. Gwt sRI bfdl qy suKbIr bfdl vI nhIN. dohy ipAu-puwq BivwK ivc kYptn amirMdr isMG nfl pUrI qrHF iswJ lYx dIaF bVHkF mfr rhy hn.

          sRI mfn ny mnuwKI aiDkfrF qy iksfnI aqy lok ihwqF nUM lY ky ijwQy pMjfb ivc afpxI lihr sLurU kIqI hoeI hY, AuWQy sRI rfmUvflIaf qy pRo[ pRym isMG cMdUmfjrf dohF ny rl ky jn cyqnf lihr afrMB kIqI hY. ieh dovyN afgU ijwQy kYptn amirMdr isMG nUM dohIN hwQIN lYNdy hn, AuQy bfdl dl dy vI cMgy afhU lfhuMdy hn. kdI-kdI bfdl dl vI ienHF dohF nUM kFgrs df ipwTU dwsxoN nhIN ihckcfAuNdf. ieAuN kih skdy hF ik pMjfb df kuJ ku isafsI aKfVf aijhf bixaf hoieaf hY ijwQy PrI kusLqI vflI hflq hY. ijhdf jo jIa krdf hY, dUjy nUM khI jFdf hY. iek iDr dUjy nUM kFgrsI kih rhI hY aqy dUjI kuJ hor. hfl dI GVI jy koeI iDr cuwp hY qF Auh BfrqI kimAUinst pfrtI aqy bspf vfly. BfrqI kimAUinst pfrtI dy sLurU ivc pMjfb ivDfn sBf ivc do mYNbr sn ijhVy kFgrs dy Kfny ivc sLfml ho gey. pfrtI dI lIzrisLp ivc vI sUbfeI pwDr `qy qbdIlI afeI hY qF vI ieh afAux vflf smF hI dwsygf ik ieh nyV BivwK ivc kI ruKL aKLiqafr krdI hY. bspf df iek vyly pMjfb ivc cMgf afDfr sI ijhVf hfeI kmFz qy pMjfb pwDr `qy pfrtI dI Pwut kfrn Kurnf sLurU ho igaf. ies vyly ies dI hflq bhuqI qswlIbKsL nhIN.

          kul imlf ky ies vyly isafsI idRsL `qy BfvyN iDrF keI ivcr rhIaF hn pr muwK pMjfb kFgrs aqy sLRomxI akflI dl (bfdl) hI hn. Coty-Coty akflI dl, lok BlfeI pfrtI qy bspf rl ky jy qIsrf PrMt Ausfr lYNdy hn qF ieh qIsrI iDr vjoN aKfVy ivc Auqr skdy hn. pr ieh eynHf sOKf nhIN. pihlI gwl qF sfiraF df iekwTf ho skxf hI aOKf hY. dUjf, itktF dI vMz Auwqy ikqy vI sihmqI nhIN ho skxI. qIsrI gwl, BfvyN sFJf muwdf kFgrs qy bfdl dl nUM hrfAuxf hovygf pr hkIkq ieh hY ik sB kuJ hox dy bfvjUd ienHF dy pRDfnF dy jfqI muPLfdF ny ienHF nUM iek nhIN hox dyxf. jdoN ies qrHF dI vMz rhygI qF kFgrs qy bfdl dl dohF dI iswDI twkr suBfvk hI hovygI.

          qF vI hfl dI GVI bfdl dl qy kFgrs ny ijhVf isafsI aKfVf pMjfb ivDfn sBf coxF qoN pihlF QoVHf-QoVHf BKf idwqf hY, ies nUM ieh dovyN iDrF jLfhr hI hY ik agly idnF ivc hor vI BKfAuxgIaF. CotIaF-CotIaF iDrF dI afpxI ajy eynI mfnqf nhIN ik Auh koeI cmqkfr ivKf skx. ies leI AunHF nUM iek sFJf plytPfrm Ausfrnf smyN dI muwK loV hY. ies ivc Auh ikwQy qwk sPLl huMdIaF hn, ieh smF hI dwsygf.

 


azvfnI aqy rfjnfQ isMG dI rwQ Xfqrf

-sLMgfrf isMG Buwlr

          BfrqI jnqf pfrtI iek vfrI iPr surKIaF ivc hY. aYqkIN ieh lok sBf ivc ivroDI iDr dy nyqf sRI aYWl[ ky[ azvfnI aqy Bfjpf dy pRDfn sRI rfjnfQ isMG vwloN 6 apRYl qoN dysL dy vwK-vwK ihwisaF ivc rwQ Xfqrf AuWqy inklx krky hY. ies rwQ Xfqrf nUM ajy ipCly idnIN hI pfrtI dy sUbfeI pRDfnF aqy jnrl skwqrF vwloN QfpVf idwqf igaf hY. ies muqfibk sRI azvfnI 6 apRYl qoN ds sUibaF dI Xfqrf AuWqy inklxgy. Auh lgBg cfr hPLiqaF ivc ds sUibaF df dOrf krky 5800 iklomItr sPLr qih krngy. ienHF pRFqF ivc gujrfq, mhfrfsLtr, krnftk, aFDrf pRdysL, CwqIsgVH, mwD pRdysL, rfjsQfn, Auwqr pRdysL, hirafxf aqy idwlI sLfml hn. Auh afpxI ies rwQ Xfqrf df afrMB gujrfq dy dvfrkf mMdr qoN mwQf tyk ky sLurU krngy. pihlF AunHF df pRogrfm AunHF pMj rfjF dI Xfqrf krnf nhIN sI ijwQy nyV BivwK ivc asYNblI hoxF hox vflIaF hn pr hux AunHF ny kuJ rfjF ivc hI ies rwQ Xfqrf ivwcoN smF kwZ ky cox pRcfr vI krnf hY. ienHF rfjF ivc pwCmI bMgfl, qfimlnfzU aqy pFzIcrI sLfml hn. cyqy rhy pihlF cox kimsLn ny kih idwqf sI ik rwQ Xfqrf dOrfn sRI azvfnI cox pRcfr leI coxF vfly sUibaF ivc nhIN jfxgy.

          AuDr pfrtI pRDfn sRI rfjnfQ isMG vI 6 apRYl qoN hI bfrF sUibaF dI rwQ Xfqrf `qy inkl rhy hn. Auh lgBg iqMn hPLqy ies Xfqrf AuWqy rihxgy aqy ies dOrfn lgBg 5000 iklomItr sPLr qih krngy. ies Xfqrf dOrfn Auh ijhVy sUibaF ivwcoN dI lMGxgy, AunHF ivc AuVIsf, CwqIsgVH, JfrKMz, ibhfr, AuWqr pRdysL, AuqrFcl, ihmfcl pRdysL, jMmU ksLmIr, pMjfb, rfjsQfn aqy hirafxf sLfml hn. idlcsp gwl ieh hY ik kuJ aijhy imly july sUby hn ijnHF ivc dI dohy nyqf-sRI azvfnI aqy sRI rfjnfQ isMG gujLrngy. AuNj sRI azvfnI dI rwQ Xfqrf vflf sfrf sPLr ijwQy lgpg sLFqmeI hI rihx dI sMBfvnf hY, AuWQy sRI rfjnfQ isMG nUM nkslvfdIaF qoN pRBfivq kuJ sUibaF ivwcoN dI lMGidaF KqiraF df sfhmxf vI krnf pY skdf hY. ieh qwQ vI not krn vflf hY ik sRI azvfnI ijnHF sUibaF ivwcoN lMGxgy, AunHF ivwcoN bhuqy Bfjpf df gVH mMny jFdy hn.

          iesy dOrfn Bfjpf ny AunHF sfry sUibaF dIaF Bfjpf iekfeIaF nUM ieh hdfieq dy idwqI hY ik Auh afpxy lIzrF leI Aus QF hI BfrI BIVF jutfAux, ijwQoN AunHF ny Bfjpf nUM sMDoDn krnf hovy. AuDr Bfrq srkfr ny vI ienHF sUbfeI srkfrF nUM sfvDfn kr idwqf hY ik Auh siQqI AuWqy sKLq njLr rwKx aqy ieh sfrf kuJ amn amfn nfl hI nypry cfiVHaf jfxf cfhIdf hY. iksy vI QF `qy siQqI iPrkU hflfq aKiqafr nf kry. aijhf sRI azvfnI vwloN 1990 ivc kIqI geI afpxI pihlI rwQ Xfqrf mOky jo rOlf rwpf ipaf sI, Aus dy mwdynjLr kIqf igaf hY. ieh dovyN rwQ XfqrfvF 10 meI nUM idwlI ivKy pfrtI dy sQfpnf idvs mOky smfpq hoxgIaF. ies idn vrHygMZ df idn vI hY.

          ies rwQ Xfqrf nUM kOmI iekjuwtqf pRogrfm df nF idwqf igaf hY. sRI azvfnI df kihxf hY ik AunHF qF afpxI rwQ Xfqrf df pRogrfm vfrfnsI vfly bMb DmfikaF qoN pihlF df AulIikaf hoieaf sI pr hux DmfikaF ipwCoN ieh hor vI jLrUrI ho igaf hY. iesy leI hux do rwQ Xfqrf df moty qOr `qy AudysL sFJf pRgqIsLIl morcf srkfr dIaF KfmIaF qoN lokF nUM jfxU krvfAuxf hovygf. pr asl ivc ieh Bfjpf dI vot rfjnIqI hovygI. jy vyiKaf jfvy qF pfrtI df muwK mMqv vwD qoN vwD lokF nUM afpxy nfl joVnf hY. Gwto-Gwt sRI azvfnI vwloN qF afpxy afp nUM BivwK ivc pfrtI dy srb pRvfnq nyqf vjoN iqafr krnf hY.

          sRI azvfnI nUM asl ivc lwgdf hY ik 1990 ivc AunHF ny ijhVI rwQ Xfqrf kIqI sI, ieh Ausy df hI asr sI ik dysL df rfjsI nksLf bdlx lwg igaf sI. Aus vyly dysL ivc rfjIv gFDI dI srkfr sI pr sRI azvfnI dI rwQ Xfqrf nfl dysL ivc aijhf mfhOl bixaf ik agly 5-6 virHaF ivc Aus Bfjpf dI kyNdr ivc srkfr bx geI ijs ny kdI ies bfry sLfied soicaf vI nhIN sI. ies qwQ nUM vI BuMjy nhIN suwitaf jf skdf ik 1990 vflI rwQ Xfqrf dOrfn dysL ivc iPrkU hflfq bx gey sn. 1992 ivc jdoN kyNdr ivc kFgrs dI srkfr sI qF idn idhfVy aXuwiDaf ivKy bfbrI msijd Zih-ZyrI kr idwqI geI. suBfivk hI muslmfn BfeIcfry nUM ies nfl vwzf Dwkf puwjf. pr hux Bfjpf sLfied ienHF rwQ XfqrfvF nfl muslmfnF nUM afpxy nfl joVnf cfhuMdI hY.

          idlcsp gwl ieh hY ik sRI azvfnI BfvyN rwQ Xfqrf AuWqy inkl rhy hn pr AunHF nUM pfrtI ivcly hI afr[ aYs[ aYs[ ivMg df pUrf sihXog nhIN. nwby vflI rwQ Xfqrf nfl dysL ivc ijvyN mfhOl Krfb hoieaf sI, Ausy dy mwdynjLr ipCly idn lok sBf ivc ienHF rwQ XfqrfvF bfry cMgf ho-hWlf micaf. mfrksI pfrtI vwloN ies df zwtvF ivroD kIqf igaf. rylvy mMqrI sRI lflU Xfdv ny vI afpxI vwloN ies df ieh kih ky ivroD kIqf ik ijhVIaF rwQ XfqrfvF nfl dysL ivc mfhOl Krfb hox df KdsLf pYdf hovy, Auh inklx hI nhIN dyxIaF cfhIdIaF. pr ieh lokrfj hY aqy iewQy hr iksy nUM afpxI gwl AudoN qk kihx df aiDkfr hY jdoN qk siQqI sLFqmeI hY. sLfied iesy leI kyNdrI gRih mMqrI sRI isLvrfj pfitl hux qoN sfry mfhOl `qy njLr rwK rhy hn aqy POj nUM vI bfkfiedf cOks kr idwqf igaf hY. sRI pfitl muqfbk ieho ijhIaF rwQ XfqrfvF nfl smfj dy vMzy jfx df vwzf zr rihMdf hY.

          KLYr! sRI azvfnI aqy sRI rfjnfQ isMG dIaF ieh rwQ XfqrfvF kI rMg ilafAuxgIaF aqy ienHF leI iks pwDr `qy iqafrIaF kIqIaF jf rhIaF hn, ies df pqf qF agly idnF ivc lwg hI jfvygf, hfl dI GVI ieh dwsxf Auicq hovygf ik sRI azvfnI nUM jdoN afpxf ivakqIqv Kqry ivc njLr afAuNdf hovy qF Auh ieho ijhIaF rwQ XfqrfvF df shfrf Bfldy hn. ieh kihxf kuQF nhIN hovygf ik ipCly vrHy pfiksqfn PyrI dOrfn sRI azvfnI ny ijs qrHF sRI  muhMmd alI ijnfh nUM Drm inrpwK afgU krfr idwqf aqy mgroN AunHF nUM ijs kdr ies df ivroD sihxf ipaf blik iesy ivroD ivc hI AunHF nUM pfrtI pRDfn df ahudf vI iqafgxf ipaf, Aus vwzy nuksfn dI pUrqI leI AunHF kol hux hor koeI rfh nhIN sI ik Auh rwQ Xfqrf AuWqy inkldy. hflFik swc ieh vI hY ik afr[ aYs[ aYs[ sRI azvfnI vwloN vrqy jFdy aijhy hwQkMizaF AuWqy sKLq nfrfjL hY. iesy leI Auh aYqkIN sRI azvfnI dI KuwlH ky mdd vI nhIN kr irhf. AuNj idlcsp gwl ieh hY ik afr[ aYs[ aYs[ ies muwdy AuWqy sRI rfjnfQ isMG dI ipwT pUr irhf hY. ies leI ies gwl dI sMBfvnf qoN ienkfr nhIN kIqf jf skdf ik ijnHF sUibaF ivwcoN dI sRI azvfnI dI rwQ Xfqrf inklygI, AunHF ivc AunHF nUM afr[ aYs[ aYs[ df bhuqf smrQn nf iml sky.

          sRI azvfnI ny hux qk iqMn rwQ XfqrfvF kIqIaF hn aqy cOQI leI iqafrI ho rhI hY. AunHF dI pihlI rwQ Xfqrf nwby ivc hoeI sI ijs ny Gwto imwtI ivc ruldI Bfjpf nUM agly 5-6 virHaF ivc kyNdr ivc swqfDfrI bxf idwqf sI. hux vI ipCly vrHy qoN Bfjpf dy sMGoN lok sBf ivc hoeI afpxI hfr hyTF nhIN AuWqr rhI. Auh iek vfrI iPr rwQ Xfqrf `qy cVH ky afpxI Buwl pfrtI Kwtx dI iqafrI ivc hY pr pfrtI ivc ikqy aMdrKfqy hI sB kuJ awCf nhIN. Auh ies leI ik afr[ aYs[ aYs[ qy ivsLv ihMdU pRIsLd qy hor grm dl ieh smJ rhy hn ik ipClI vfrI jdoN Bfjpf swqfDfrI bxI qF ieh ihMdUqv df lukvF eyjMzf amlI rUp ivc nhIN ilaf skI. afr[ aYs[ aYs[ nUM lgdf hY ik sLfied sRI rfjnfQ isMG ies eyjMzy `qy kuJ kMm skx. ies leI Aus vwloN AunHF nUM smrQn idwqf jf irhf hY. iesy gwloN ieh grm DVf sRI azvfnI aqy sRI atl ibhfrI vfjpfeI qoN vI nfrfjL hY. hflFik sRI vfjpfeI qF iPr vI grmdlIaF nUM afpxI nrm nIqI nfl mnf lYNdy sn pr sRI azvfnI dI ienHF nfl lgfqfr dUrI vDI hY. ies dUrI sdkf hI sRI azvfnI nUM pfrtI pRDfn df afpxf ahudf Cwzxf ipaf. ieh vI mMnxf pvygf ik kuJ iek ivMgF ivc sRI azvfnI nUM bhuqf nf cfhux dy bfvjUd pfrtI ivc AunHF dI kfPLI pkV hY aqy sRI vfjpfeI qoN bfad sRI azvfnI hI hn jo kwlH nUM vwzy ahudy leI iqafr kIqy jf skdy hn. sRI azvfnI iehIE Bfldy hn.

          sRI azvfnI dI dUjI rwQ Xfqrf sqfnvyN ivc inklI jdoN kyNdr ivc sRI vI[ pI[ isMG dI srkfr sI. ies vyly mMzl kimsLn dI sfV PUk ny pUry dysL nUM afpxI igRPLq ivc lY ilaf hoieaf sI. sRI azvfnI dI ies Xfqrf df nF svrn jYXMqI Xfqrf rwiKaf igaf aqy ies Xfqrf nUM Bfjpf ny qF pUrf smrQn idwqf hI sgoN ies nfl juVy sMG pirvfr ny vI pUrI-pUrI hmfieq kIqI. ieh kihxf vfjb hovygf ik sRI azvfnI dIaF pihlIaF dovyN rwQ XfqrfvF nUM nf kyvl pfrtI vwloN pUrf sihXog imilaf sgoN dysL ivwcoN vI ies nUM cMgf hulfrf imilaf.

          ieh vI spsLwt hI hY ik iksy vI rwQ Xfqrf jF poRgrfm leI lokF df smrQn bVf jLrUrI huMdf hY aqy ieh smrQn sRI azvfnI nUM imilaf vI ijhVy aYqkIN vflI rwQ Xfqrf dOrfn iml skx dI guMjfiesL njLr nhIN af rhI. sRI azvfnI dI qIsrI rwQ Xfqrf 2004 ivc sI. ies Xfqrf dOrfn BfvyN sRI azvfnI nUM ivsLv ihMdU pRIsLd vwloN pUrf sihXog nhIN imilaf pr sRI vfjpfeI sRI azvfnI dI ipwT AuWqy KVy rhy. hux cUMik sRI vfjpfeI vI iek qrHF pfrtI ivc KfmosL hI hn, ies leI grm iKaflIey DVy aqy dUjI kqfr dy nyqf vDyry cricq ho rhy hn. vYsy kul imlf ky pfrtI df aMdroN bfhroN hfl TIk nhIN. iesy leI sRI azvfnIN qy rfjnfQ isMG rwQ XfqrfvF rfhIN afpxf aqy pfrtI df pRBfv jmfAux dy XqnF ivc hn.

 


kFgrs pwky pYrIN pr Gwt bfdl dl vI nhIN

-sLMgfrf isMG Buwlr

          pMjfb ivDfn sBf dIaF coxF ivc ajy lgpg igafrF mhIny pey hoey hn. ieh PrvrI 2007 ivc hoxIaF hn. pr ijAuN-ijAuN coxF dy idn nyVy af rhy hn, iqAuN-iqAuN isafsI dlF ivc srgrmIaF vDx lwgIaF hn. pMjfb ivc BfvyN keI isafsI pfrtIaF hn, iPlhfl coxF nUM lY ky do rfjsI pfrtIaF ivc hI srgrmI vyKx nUM iml rhI hY. ienHF ivwcoN iek qF hY pMjfb dI swqfDfrI iDr kFgrs pfrtI aqy dUjI sLRomxI akflI dl (bfdl). ibnF sLwk hor isafsI dlF ivc vI ihljul hY pr Auh eynI mfmUlI ijhI ik ajy mflUm vI nhIN ho rhI.

          svfl ijwQoN qwk pMjfb kFgrs df hY, ies dy pRDfn qF sRI sLmsLyr isMG dUlo hn ijhVy jdoN ku qoN AunHF ny afpxf ahudf sMBfilaf hY, AudoN qoN ies nUM vDyry srgrm krn ivc lwgy hoey hn. kFgrs srkfr dI agvfeI muwK mMqrI kYptn amirMdr isMG kr rhy hn. AunHF ny ijMnI srgrmI pMjfb ivDfn sBf dIaF ipClIaF coxF vyly ivKfeI sI, lgpg Aus qoN kuJ kuu Gwt ivKf rhy hn. ies dI pusLtI AunHF vwloN ipCly kuJ smyN qoN vwK-vwK QfvF `qy kFgrs pfrtI vwloN afXojq jnqk smfgmF nUM sMboDn krnf hY. ies sbMD ivc qfjLf imsfl 9 mfrc vfly idn ijLlHf iProjLpur ivc gurU hr shfey ivKy iek ivsLfl jnqk iekwT nUM sMboDn krnf hY.

          hkIkq ieh hY ik kFgrs pfrtI ny iek qrHF nfl ipCly kuJ smyN qoN ijhVy iekwT krny sLurU kIqy hoey hn, ienHF nUM cox rYlIaF df nF idwqf jf irhf hY ikAuNik ienHF smfgmF ivc lokF nUM do pwKF qoN jfxUM krvfieaf jf irhf hY. iek qF Auh ijhVy vfady srkfr ny lokF nfl coxF vyly kIqy sn, AunHF dy pUry hox df dfeIaf kIqf jf irhf hY. dUjf, ieh ivkfs df vrHf hY aqy ies vrHy ivc pMjfb df vwzy pwDr AuWqy ivkfs kIqf jf irhf hY. Auprokq qoN AuNj ieh vI kuJ-kuJ spwsLt huMdf hY ik kYptn amirMdr isMG ny afpxI jIvnsLYlI ivc kuJ qbdIlI ilaFdI hY. sLfied iesy leI kuJ drsLkF dI rfey hY ik ijMnI qyjLI jnqk iekwTF nUM sMboDn krn, mMqrIaF aqy afpxy ivDfiekF aqy lokF nUM imlx-iglx ivc kYptn amirMdr isMG ny hux ilaFdI hY, jy eynI qyjLI Auh ipCly chuM virHaF ivc qorI rwKdy qF awj bysLwk isrhfxy hyTF bFh dy ky sON jFdy, cox prcfr afpxy afp AunHF dy hwk ivc hoeI jfxf sI. pr clo dyr afied drusq afied.

          AuNj ieh qF coxF hI dwsxgIaF ik lok AunHF dI JolI ikMnI ku Brdy hn. ieDr jy kYptn amirMdr isMG srgrm hn qF kFgrs pRDfn sLmsLyr isMG dUlo pihlF qoN hI srgrm hn blik hkIkq ieh prcfrI jf rhI hY ik jdoN sLmsLyr isMG dUlo ny pfrtI sPLF ivc srgrmI ilafAux leI qyjLI PVI, AudoN hI kYptn amirMdr isMG vDyry srgrm hoey ikAuNik kFgrs hfeNI kmFz vI qF pMjfb kFgrs dI hflq AuWqy pUrI qrHF njLr rwKI bYTI hY. Auh iksy suUrq ivc vI pMjfb ivDfn sBf coxF ivwcoN pMjfb afpxy hwQoN nhIN jfx dyxf cfhuMdI.

          jy pMjfb kFgrs sPLF ivc ivDfn sBf coxF nUM lY ky qyjLI af geI hY qF ipwCy sLRomxI akflI dl (bfdl) vI nhIN hY. ies dl vI agvfeI pMjfb dy hMZy vrqy akflI afguU sRI pRkfsL isMG bfdl dy hwQF ivc hY ijhVy pMjfb dy iqMn vfrI muwK mMqrI rih cuwky hn aqy iek vfrI iPr ies kursI `qy bYTx leI pr qol rhy hn. sRI bfdl afm lokF dy nyqF mMny jFdy hn. ijMnf vwD rfbqf Auh afm lokF nfl rwKdy hn, Enf hI Gwt muwK mMqrI kYptn amirMdr isMG. sRI bfdl bfry qF do gwlF msLhUr hn. pihlI, Auh svyry sfJry AuT KVdy hn aqy iqafr br iqafr ho ky pihlF Gry lokF nUM imldy hn aqy iPr ijs ielfky df dOrf krnf hovy, AuDr inkl qurdy hn. AuDr Auh ipMzoN ipMzI aqy ngro ngrI GuMmdy hoey awDI rfq qk vI gujLfr skdy hn aqy kuJ GMty sO ky svyry mUMh hnyry ivc agly dOry leI iqafr.

          dUjI, jdoN kdI AunHF ny iksy vI pwDr dI cox lVnI hovy qF AunHF dy ichry AuWqy lflIaF cVH jFdIaF hn. ieh cox BfvyN ipMz dI srpMcI dI hovy, ijLlHf pRIsLd dI, ivDfn sBf jF iPr lok sBf dI. afpxI cox qF AunHF nUM BlI BFq lVnI afAuNdI hI hY, ijhVI Auh ipCly lgpg pMj dhfikaF qoN lV rhy hn, afpxI pfrtI dy AumIdvfrF nUM vI lVfAux df AunHF bVf invyklf ZMg qrIkf afAuNdf hY. AunHF nUM ielfky dy ipMz-ipMz dy hr Gr dIaF votF bfry poitaF `qy jfxkfrI huMdI hY - eynI jfxkfrI ik ies ipMz dIaF votF lYx leI dUsry ipMzF dy ikhVy-ikhVy mohqbr ivakqIaF dIaF syvfvF leIaF jf skdIaF hn. sLfied iehIE kfrn hY ik coxF smyN bhuqy AumIdvfr sRI bfdl nUM afpxy-afpxy hlky ivc iek-iek do-do idn leI jLrUr bulfAuNdy hn.

          rhI gwl lokF nUM afpxIaF msflydfr gwlF nfl pRBfvq krn dI, ieh gur sRI bfdl ivc qF bhuq purfxf hY. hux QoVHf-QoVHf kYptn amirMdr isMG ies nUM gRihx kr rhy hn. kYptn amirMdr isMG dI KUbI AuNj ieh hY ik Auh suihrd swjx hn aqy jo kuJ vI iksy QF `qy kihMdy hn, bylLfg ho ky sfPL spwsLt kihMdy hn. bhuqI vfr AunHF dy bolF ivc rfjnIqI, dI Jlk nhIN imldI. jy Auh afpxI gwlbfq nUM izplomysI dI cfsLnI cVHf lYx qF Auh vI lokF nUM kfPLI pRBfvq kr skdy hn.

          sRI pRkfsL isMG bfdl cotI dy isafsqdfn qF hn hI, iek cMgy pRsLfsk vI hn. afpxIaF smyN-smyN dIaF srkfrF dy sfQI mMqrIaF nfl AunHF df hmysLf cMgf rfbqf irhf hY. blik sLRomxI akflI dl (bfdl) ivc awj vI sRI bfdl df dbdbf hY. ieiqhfs gvfh hY ik Auh muwK mMqrI hox jF nf ijvyN ik hux hY, ies dy bfvjUd sLRomxI akflI dl ivc AunHF dI qUqI boldI hY. sLRomxI gurduafrf pRbMDk df nvF pRDfn cuxnf hovy, ivDfn sBf jF lok sBf leI pfrtI dy AumIdvfrF dI cox krnI hovy, akfl qKLq dy jQydfr dI inXukqI df mslf hovy, ivDfn sBf ivc sLRomxI akflI dy ruK df PYslf krnf hovy qF kul imlf ky hovygf AuhIE, jo sRI bfdl cfhuxgy.

          BfvyN sLRomxI akflI dl ivc ies vyly keI kihMdy khfAuNdy nyqf bYTy hoey hn pr AunHF sfiraF nUM sRI bfdl df PYslf hI prvfn huMdf hY blik aijhy bhuq sfry nyqf pihlF hI sRI bfdl nUM ies sbMDI PYslf lYx dy sfry aiDkfr dy idMdy hn. ieh ikhf jf skdf hY ik sRI bfdl ny iswK isafsq ivc cMmH dIaF clfeIaF hn hflFik keI pfisaF qoN ies dI sKLq nukqfcInI vI huMdI rihMdI hY pr Auh byKOPL afpxI qory qury rihMdy hn. isafsq ivc sfry AunHF df pfxI Brdy hn.

          ies vyly iswK pMQ ivc bfdl dl qoN ibnF ijhVy hor sLRomxI akflI dl ivcr rhy hn, Auh motf krdy Auh hn ijnHF dI sur sRI bfdl nfl nhIN iml skI jF Auh sRI bfdl nfl afpxy mqBydF krky bfdl dl nUM iqlFjlI dy ky afpxf vwKrf akflI dl bxf ky bYT gey hn. ies qrHF dI srb smrwQf sLfied kYptn amirMdr isMG kol nhIN. kYptn amirMdr isMG nUM pfrtI nIqIaF muqfbk qurnf pYNdf hY. Auh afpxy sfQI mMqrIaF qy ivDfiekF nUM qF BfvyN jo vI mrjLI hukm cfV lYx pr kFgrs pRDfn nfl AunHF nUM iml ky cwlxf pvygf. ieAuN ikhf jf skdf hY ik hux jdoN pMjfb ivDfn sBf dIaF coxF leI rfjsI srgrmIaF hor qyjL hoxgIaF qF iehdy ivc ijMnf rol iekwly sRI bfdl df hovygf, Enf sfry iswK afgUaF df vI sLfied rl ky nf hovy pr kFgrs pfrtI ivc kYptn amirMdr isMG df vwKrf rol hovygf aqy pfrtI pRDfn sLmsLyr isMG dUlo df vwKrf.

          ieh kihxf kuQF nhIN hovygf ik kFgrs aqy sLRomxI akflI dl (bfdl) dovF ny iek qrHF afpxI-afpxI pfrtI vwloN cox ibgl vjf idwqf hY. dohF iDrF vwloN iek dUjI nUM vMgfiraf jf irhf hY. kFgrs pfrtI vwloN afpxIaF pRfpqIaF pVHIaF prcfrIaF jf rhIaF hn. ipCly kuJ smyN qoN rojLfnf aKbfrF dy pihly sPLy dy aYn hyTF iek-sqrI iesLiqhfr lokF nUM pRBfvq krn leI lfey jf rhy hn. vwK-vwK mihkimaF leI jo kuJ kIqf igaf hY, Aus df prcfr kIqf jf irhf hY. ibjleI mIzIaf dI vI vrqoN kIqI jf rhI hY. ies qoN ibnF vwzy-vwzy iesLiqhfrF rfhIN vI srkfr dy kMm igxfey jf rhy hn. mMqrIaF qy ivDfiekF nUM vI ijwQy-ijwQy mOkf imldf hY, AuWQy sfbkf akflI srkfr nUM BMzx ivc aqy kYptn amirMdr srkfr vwloN lokF nfl coxF smyN kIqy gey vfaidaF nUM pUry krn dy nfary lfey jf rhy hn.      

          AuDr Gwt sLRomxI akflI dl (bfdl) vwloN vI nhIN kIqI jf rhI. dl vwloN kFgrs dIaF KunfmIaF nUM igxfieaf jf irhf hY. ipCly cfr virHaF ivc srkfr vwloN lokF df kuJ vI nf sMvfrn `qy srkfr nUM KUb BMizaf jf irhf hY. iewQoN qwk ik srkfr nUM coxF smyN vyK lYx leI ikhf jf irhf hY. sRI bfdl dy PrjMd sRI suKbIr bfdl vI ies sbMD ivc kfPLI sKLq BfsLf vrq rhy hn. Auh kYptn amirMdr isMG dI BfsLf df jvfb Ausy BfsLf ivc dy rhy hn. lVfeI dy mYdfn ivc jdoN do iDrF jUJ rhIaF hox qF nYiqkqf ieh kihMdI hY ik iek dUjy ivruwD gwlF krn lwigaF siBak BfsLf df pwlf nF Cwizaf jfvy. rfjnIqI ivc hfr ijwq qF huMdI hI rihMdI hY. cMgf hovy ik ies PYslfkuMn lVfeI ipwCoN vI iek dUjy dy mUMh lwg skx dI ilhfjLdfrI jLrUr rih sky.

          pMjfb ivc pMjfb dy punrgTn qoN ipwCoN BfvyN motf krky sFJIaF srkfrF df gTn hI huMdf irhf hY pr ienHF ivc muwK BUimkf do pfrtIaF sLRomxI akflI dl aqy kFgrs dI hI rhI hY. ieAuN vI ikhf jf skdf hY ik ienHF dohF pfrtIaF ivc srkfr dy gTn leI Auqr kfto mYN cVHF vflI Kyz cldI rhI hY. bfnvyN ivc sRI byaMq isMG dI agvfeI hyT pMjfb ivc kFgrs dI srkfr bxI. ieh srkfr ikvyN bxI, ies dy bhuqf ipCokV ivc jfx dI loV nhIN. sqfnvyN ivc pMjfb dI vfgzor aglI vfr sRI pRkfsL isMG bfdl dy hwQ af geI. do hjLfr do ivc ieh qfj kFgrs dy kYptn amirMdr isMG isr bwJf. hux vI ieh dovyN iDrF iek qrHF cox mYdfn ivc hn. lokF vwloN dohF iDrF df bkfiedf mulFkx kIqf jf irhf hY pr swc ieh hY ik ies df PYslf igafrF mhIinaF qwk pMjfb dy votr hI krngy.

 


aPsrsLfhI dI jvfbdyhI

-sLMgfrf isMG Buwlr

          pMjfb ivDfn sBf dy cl rhy sYsLn ivc ipCly hPLqy ijhVy kuJ aihm muwidaF AuWqy gMBIr ivcfr-vtFdrf iCiVaf, AunHF ivwcoN iek aPsrsLfhI dI jvfbdyhI bfry sI. ieh afpxy afp ivc aijhf muwdf sI ijs AuWqy swqfDfrI aqy ivroDI dohy iDrF iek mwq sn aqy dohF iDrF ny aPsrsLfhI nUM KUb rgVy lfey. mMqrIaF ny qF BfvyN afpxf mUMh GuwtI rwiKaf pr dohF iDrF dy keI ivDfiekF ny aPsrsLfhI dy vqIry ivruwD mn dI KUb BVfs kwZI. kyNdrI ibMdU ieh sI ik aPsrsLfhI mMqrIaF nUM ivDfiekF nUM itwc krky jfxdI hY hflFik ivDfiek df drjf muwK skwqr dy brfbr df bxdf hY. ies dy bfvjUd jdoN koeI ivDfiek iksy aPsr nUM imlxf locdf hY jF koeI kMm krvfAuxf cfhuMdf hY qF Auh Aus nUM awgoN zfhI nhIN idMdf. keI ivDfiekF ny qF afpxy nfl vfpry kfzF dIaF imsflF qk vI dy idwqIaF.

          ies ivc sLwk nhIN ik aPsrsLfhI ivDfn pfilkf nUM jvfbdyhI nhIN ho rhI pr sLwk ies ivc vI nhIN ik ijhVy mMqrI jF ivDfiek aPsrsLfhI nUM jvfbdyh nf hox krky pux rhy hn, AunHF nUM afpxI pIVI hyT vI sotf mfr lYxf cfhIdf hY ik Auh afpxy votrF nUM ikMnf ku jvfbdyh hn? dUjy AuWqy dosL lf dyxf sOKf hY pr afpxy afp nUM hI TIk sfbq krnf TIk rfh nhIN. pwuiCaf jfxf bxdf hY ik aPsrsLfhI nUM jvfbdyh nf bxn vfly rfh khInyy qoiraf hY? spwsLt jvfb hY ik isafsI afgUaF ny hI.

          iek smF sI aPsrsLfhI afpxf kMm krdI sI aqy ivDfn pfilkf afpxf. mMqrI afpxf kMm krdy sn aqy ivDfiek afpxf. jdoN iksy mMqrI jF ivDfiek nUM aPsr qk kMm dI loV pYNdI sI qF AunHF nUM aWgoN pUrf qy BrvF huMgfrf imldf sI. ijvyN smfj ivc puUrI qrHF inGfr afieaf, iesy qrHF ivDfn pfilkf aqy aPsrsLfhI dy sbMDF ivc vI kmI afeI hY. iehdf vwzf kfrn isafsI afgUaF vwloN aPsrsLfhI dI pusLq pnfhI krnf sI. awj hr Cotf vwzf aPsr qF kI, mulfjLm qk vI mMqrIaF jF ivDfiekF dI sLrn ivc huMdf hY. kihx qoN Bfv afpxI ipwT AuWqy Auh KLfs mMqrI jF ivDfiek df hwQ rKvf ky KusL huMdf hY. iehdy tfkry `qy Auh dUjy ivDfiekF dI prvfh nhIN krdf. Aus aPsr nUM pqf huMdf hY ik kwlH kloqr nUM jy koeI sMkt AuhnUM drpysL af igaf qF Auhdf KLfs mMqrI jF ivDfiek AuhnUM bcf lvygf. ieho hI mMqrI jF ivDfiek aijhy aPsrF dy bcfa leI dUjy sfQI mMqrIaF kol isPfrsL krnoN vI nhIN ihckcfAuNdy. aPsr qF kI, mulfjLm qk vI isafsI nyqfvF dy shfry cldy hn.

          jdoN kuJ iek aPsrF jF mulfjLmF dI qF byvjf jF AuWicq mdd kIqI jfvy qF iPr dUijaF vwloN tflf vwtx dI sMBfvnf nUM njLraMdfjL nhIN kIqf jf skdf. jy sfPL sLbdF ivc kihxf hovy qF ikhf jf skdf hY ik isafsI nyqfvF ny srkfrI aPsrF qy mulfjLmF df isafsIkrn kr idwqf hY. vyly kulyvy jdoN ieho aPsr mMqrIaF jF ivDfiekF dI prvfh nhIN krdy qF AunHF nUM duK huMdf hY ik aPsrsLfhI AunHF dI suxvfeI nhIN krdI. iesy nUM lY ky iek idn ivDfn sBf ivc kfPLI rOlf rwpf ipaf.

          aPsrsLfhI df kMm kYbint vwloN ley PYsilaF nUM CyqI qoN CyqI qy TIk ZMg nfl amlI rUp dyxf huMdf hY. jLfihr hI hY ik ies leI mMqrIaF aqy aPsrF dy afpsI sbMDF df suKfvyN hoxf lfjLmI hY. imsfl vjoN jy ikqy ieh sbMD suKfvyN nhIN qF Coty-Coty kMmF leI vI mMqrIaF vWloN ByjIaF jFdIaF PfeIlF keI-keI idn qy keI-keI bhfinaF nfl rukIaF rihMdIaF hn. pr jy sbMD suKfvyN hox qF iPr ies qrHF dI koeI idwkq nhIN huMdI. ikhf jf skdf hY ik ieh dupfsV sbMDF vflI gwl hY. jy mMqrI afpxf kMm TIk ZMg nfl kr rhy hn qF aPsr iksy suUrq ivc vI Aus kMm nUM rok hI nhIN skdf. kMm ivc qF Aus sUrq ivc aiVwkf pYNdf hY ijwQy mMqrI jfiejL nfjfiejL kMm krvfAuxf cfhuMdy hox. iewQy vI bhuqf vrnf PfeIl ivc mIn myK kwZx df aPsrsLfhI nUM mOkf iml jFdf hY.

          ieh gwl vI BuMjy suwtx vflI nhIN ik jy mMqrI afpxy dPLqr ivc lgfqfr bYTdy hn, hlky dy votrF nUM imldy hn, AunHF dIaF smwisafvF hwl krn krvfAux ivc rucI ivKfAuNdy hn aqy srkfrI PfeIlF vI nfl nfl kwZI jFdy hn qF sbMDq mihkmy dy aPsr vI afpxIaF sItF AuWqy ibrfjmfn hoxgy. AunHF nUM ieh KdsLf hovygf ik mMqrI AunHF nUM kdI vI iksy kMm leI bulf skdf hY pr jy mMqrI KLud hI keI-keI idn dPLqr nhIN vVdy qF aPsrsLfhI nUM vI kfhdf zr? ajmf ky vyK lE. jdoN vI kdI vwD igxqI ivc mMqrI isvl skwqryq afpxy dPLqr ivc bYTx qF AuWQy rOxkF huMdIaF hn imlx-iglx vfilaF dIaF pr jdoN skwqryq BFa-BFa krdf hovy qF smJo jy mMqrI nhIN bYTy qF bhuqy aPsr vI sItF qoN gfieb.

          ieh smwisaf koeI kYptn amirMdr isMG srkfr nUM pysL nhIN af rhI. ies qoN pihly muwK mMqrIaF dIaF srkfrF df vI ieho hfl irhf. aPsrsLfhI dPLqr bYTdI hI qF hY aqy kMm krdI hY jdoN muwK mMqrI aqy mMqrI KLud bYTx. jdoN pRkfsL isMG bfdl muwK mMqrI sn qF AudoN vI kfPLI rOlf ipaf ik aPsrsLfhI jvfbdyh nhIN. aPsr afpxIaF sItF `qy nhIN bYTdy blik dupihr dI CuwtI qoN pihlF hI klwb phuMc ky golPL Kyzx lgdy hn.

          ieh gwl mYnUM myry iksy dosq ny suxfeI ijs ny sRI bfdl nUM suJfa idwqf ik Auh iksy idn dupihry golPL klwb ivKy Cfpf mfr ky vyKx ik ikMny ku aPsr afpxIaF sItF Cwz ky dupihry golPL klwb af jFdy hn. sRI bfdl nUM suJfa idwqf igaf ik Auh afpxy muwK skwqr nUM nfl lYx qy cuwp krky hI jfx. jdoN mfVI motI vI iBxk inkl geI qF golPL klwb bYTy sfry aPsr AuWQoN lFBy ho jfxgy. sRI bfdl ny Aus dosq dy suJfa AuWqy aml krnf gvfrf nhIN sI smiJaf. PlsrUp aPsrsLfhI AudoN vI afpxI mnmrjLI krdI rhI qy hux vI kr rhI hY blik hux qF kuJ vDyry hI kr rhI hY. Auh ies leI ik nf qF mwuK mMqrI kYptn amirMdr isMG inwT ky isvl skwqryq afpxy dPLqr bYTx qy nf hI mMqrI. jdoN muwK mMqrI jF mMqrI hI dPLqr nhIN afAuxgy qF aPsr vI ikAuN afAux? iesy leI jdoN iksy aPsr nUM imlx bfry Pon kro qF jvfb imlygf ik sfhb mIitMg `qy gey hoey hn jF bfhr hn. keI-keI Pon imlfAux ipwCoN jf ky ikqy gwl huMdI hY.

          ijvyN Aupr ijLkr kIqf igaf hY ik jy aPsrsLfhI jvfbdyh nhIN qF kI mMqrI aqy ivDfiek afpxy votrF nUM jvfbdyh hn? srkfrI jvfb qF ieho imlygf ik Auh jvfbdyh hn aqy afpxy votrF df bVf iKafl rwKdy hn. pr hkIkq ies dy aYn Ault hY. isafsI afgUaF bfry qF ieh dMd kQf bxI hoeI hY ik Auh qF isrPL votF vyly votrF nUM imldy hn, Aus qoN ipwCoN pMj sflF leI jF ijMnf icr dubfrf votF nhIN pYxIaF huMdIaF, Enf icr qk votrF nUM Buwl hI jFdy hn jF Bulf idMdy hn. ibnF sLwk sfry isafsI afgU afpxy hlky dI kfrgujLfrI pfAuNdy rihMdy hn pr loVvMd ikMinaF ku nUM imldy hn jF AunHF dIaF musLiklF hwl krdy hn, ieh gwl vKrI hY.

          iesy qrHF qusIN mMqrIaF dy GrIN jF dPLqr jF keI ivDfiekF nUM vI imlx dI koisLsL kroN jF Pon `qy sMprk krn df Xqn kro, qusIN bhuq hI KusLiksmq hovogy jy pihly dUjy hwly quhfzI mulfkfq jF gwlbfq ho jfvy. ies pwKoN isafsI nyqfvF aqy aPsrsLfhI ivc koeI bhuqf Prk nhIN. isafsI afgU sLfihd ies gwloN qirMhdy hn ik qusIN AunHF nUM koeI kMm dwsogy qy Auh pqf nhIN AunHF koloN ho sky jF nhNIN. ieho hfl aPsrsLfhI df hY. isvfey srkfrI suwK shUlqF mfnx dy, bhuqf kuJ Auhdy hwQ vws hI nhIN. qF vI ies gwl ivc kI hrj hY ik muwK mMqrI, mMqrI ivDfiek aqy iesy qrHF koeI aPsr Aus ivakqI nUM Gwto-Gwt iml qF lvy ijhVf Aus nUM iml ky afpxf duKVf sunfAuxf cfhuMdf hY. jy Aus dy kuJ hwQ vws hovy qF AuhdI mdd kry vrnf idlfsf qF idwqf hI jf skdf hY. nf imlx nfloN idlfsf dyxf iksy qrHF vI mfVf nhIN. ieAuN Gwto-Gwt Aus ivakqI df quhfzy ivc Brosf qF bwJdf hY qy Brosy dy shfry sfrf kuJ itikaf hoieaf hY.

          qfVI iek hwQ nfl nhIN vwjdI. jy aPsrsLfhI mMqrIaF jF ivDfiekF dI prvfh nhIN krdI qF ies dy kfrn lwBx dI loV hY. aPsrsLfhI srkfr dI rIV dI hwzI hY pr srkfr TIk AudoN hI clygI jdoN afpsI irsLqy apxwq Bry hox, DONsbfjLI vfly nhIN. mMqrI, ivDfiek qF afAux jfx vfly hn pr aPsrsLfhI icr sQfeI huMdI hY. ies leI aPsrsLfhI koloN shI qrHF kMm ilaf jfvy. nf qF ies nUM bhuqf isr cVHfieaf jfvy aqy nf hI KuMb Twpx vflIaF gwlF kIqIaF jfx. iksy vI srkfr nUM sPLl bnfAux ivc ies dI BUimkf bVI aihm huMdI hY. iksy nUM vI inMdxf AuWicq nhIN.


 

puwj ky duKI hY dysL df aMndfqf

-sLMgfrf isMG Buwlr

          iehnIN idnIN dysL df aMndfqf puwj ky duKI hY. Aus nUM afpxIaF mMgF dI pUrqI leI smyN-smyN sMGrsL ivwZx leI mjbUr hoxf pYNdf hY. AuhdI hoxI vyKo ik iek pfsy Auh afpxIaF PslF nUM DIaF puwqrF vFgUM pfldf hY aqy dUjy pfsy Aus nUM ienHF PslF df vfjb muwl puafAux aqy hor mMgF mnvfAux leI Drny mujLfhry krny pYNdy hn. hor vI hYrfnI dI gwl ieh vyKo ik dunIaF df hr Auqpfdnkfr lgBg afpxI vsqU df muwl afp qYa krdf hY pr ieDr ieh grIb iksfn hI hY ijs dI ijxs df Bfa kyNdr srkfr qYa krdI hY aqy jo vI qYa krdI hY, Ausy nUM cuwp-cfp krky svIkfr kr lYNdf hY. Aus nUM Aus df pwK suxn df vI mOkf nhIN imldf hflFik jy vyiKaf jfvy qF Aus nUM ijxsF dy do Bfa imldy hn, Auh Psl lfgq dy muqfibk iblkul aDUry huMdy hn.

          Bfrq ipMzF df dysL hY aqy awgoN ies dy ijMny vI pRFq hn, Auh vI vDyry krky ipMzF dI bhu-vsoN vfly hn. awgoN ienHF ipMzF dy bhuqy lokF dI inrBrqf KyqI AuWqy hY. ieh gwl vwKrI hY ik vwK-vwK sUibaF ivc jLmInI kxF dI vwKrI mhwqqf hox krky AuWQy vwK-vwK PslF dI bhuqfq huMdI hY. kuJ pRFq aijhy hn ijwQy dflF, sbjLIaF, bfgF aqy PlF dI bhuqfq hY pr AuWqrI Bfrq vrgy iKwqy dy sUibaF ivc kxk aqy Jony dI bhuqfq huMdI hY. hflFik ienHF KyqrF ivc vI AuvyN hI gMny dI Psl vI ipCly kuJ virHaF qoN vDyry pYdf kIqI jfx lwgI hY ijvyN mhfrfsLtr vrgy pRFq ivc. AuWqrI iKwqy ivwcoN vI do sUby pMjfb aqy hirafxf aijhy hn ijWQy kxk qy Jonf vDyry mfqrf ivc huMdf hY. drasl iek smyN ieh iewko sUbf sI jo 1966 dy punrgTn vyly pMjfb aqy hirafxf dy do ihwisaF ivc vMizaf igaf pr DrqI aqy iksfn Ausy qrHF dy hI hn ijvyN pihlF sn. dohF pRFqF dy iksfn dysL leI sB qoN vwD anfj pYdf krdy hn pr ienHF iksfnF dIaF bybhf musLklF hn.

          ipCly idnIN pMjfb dy iksfnF ny pMjfb dIaF vwK-vwK iksfn jQybMdIaF dy JMzy hyT sUby dy vwK-vwK ijLlHf hYWzkuafrtrF ivKy afpxIaF mMgF dI Kfqr ivsLfl Drny idwqy. ienHF DrinaF sbMDI sUbf srkfr nUM pihlF hI noits idwqf igaf sI. ieh Drny vDyry krky sLFqmeI sn aqy rihxy vI sLFqmeI sn ikAuNik iksfn sMgTnF ny afpxIaF mMgF leI afvfjL bulMd krnI sI qF ik ieh sUbf aqy kyNdr srkfr dy kMnF qwk phuMc sky.

          ijwQoN qwk iksfnF dIaF mMgF df sbMD hY, ienHF ivc kxk df Bfa Gwto-Gwt 850 rupey inrDfrq krnf hY. Jony df ipCly do virHaF qoN ijhVf vIh rupey df bons bkfieaf cl irhf hY, Aus nUM CyqI qoN CyqI iksfnF nUM adf krnf hY. gMny df Bfa vDf ky hirafxf srkfr vwloN idwqy jf rhy Bfa dy brfbr kIqf jfvy aqy nfl hI iksfnF dy KMz imwlF vwl gMny dy jo 32 kroV rupey ajy vI bkfieaf KVHy hn, ies dI adfiegI qurq kIqI jfvy. pMjfb dy iksfnF isr ijhVy krjLy cVHy hoey hn, ienHF dI Ausy qrHF mfPLI idwqI jfvy ijvyN kuJ smF pihlF snaqkfrF dy krjLy mfPL kIqy gey sn. ijnHF iksfnF ny itAUbvYWl kunYksLn lYx leI arjLIaF idwqIaF hoeIaf hn, AunHF AuWqy CyqI aml kIqf jfvy. ienHF drKfsqF dI igxqI koeI cflI hjLfr hY. ijnHF ielfikaF ivc nihrI aqy isMcfeI dy hor vsIilaF dI Gft hY, AuWQy ibjlI splfeI lgfqfr 12 GMty kIqI jfvy. ies qoN vI aihm mMg ieh sI ik Bfrq srkfr vwloN ivdysLF qoN ijhVI pMj lwK tn kxk drfmd kIqI jf rhI hY, ies nUM roikaf jfvy. Bfrq srkfr vwloN kxk drfmd dy PYsly qoN spsLt ho jFdf hY ik ieh ivsLv vpfr sMsQf dy smJOqy muqfbk KuwlHI mMzI dI afmd nfl dysL dy aMndfqy nUM vwzy pwDr AuWqy nuksfn hox dI sMBfvnf nUM rwd nhIN kIqf jf skdf. ijxsF dI kuafiltI aqy Gwt Bfa pwKoN dUjy mulk Bfrq dy aMndfqy nUM ipCFh Dwk skdy hn.

          iksfnF dIaF mMgF AuWqy jy iek qrdI ijhI njLr mfrIey qF ieh lgBg sfrIaF hI Auicq jfpdIaF hn. ipCly kuJ virHaF qoN kyNdr srkfr ny ijxsF dy Bfa vDfAux leI hwQ cMgI qrHF Guwitaf hoieaf hY. kxk qy Jony vrgIaF PslF dy Bfa ivc isrPL 10 rupey PI kuieMtl vfDf kIqf jf irhf hY jo ik iksfnF nfl vwzf mjLfk hY. ies vyly kxk dI kImq 650 rupey kuieMtl hY. sfDfrn qoN sfDfrn ivakqI vI jy kxk dy bIjy jfx qoN lY ky ies dy pwkx, vwZx aqy mMzI ivc suwty jfx df ihsfb lfvy qF iksfn dy pwly kuJ vI nhIN pYNdf. soDy hoey bIj, kIVymfr duafeIaF, KfdF, trYktr, ibjlI, zIjLl aqy imhnq mjLdUrI bhuq mihMgI ho geI hY. dUr kI jfxf hY, ipCly iek zyZ sfl ivc zIjLl dIaF kImqF ivc qkVf iejfPLf hoieaf hY. ieh dy tfkry `qy kxk dy Bfa ivc jy ds rupey PI kuieMtl df vfDf kIqf jfvy qF kI ieh iksfnF nfl mjLfk nhIN? ikAuN nhIN kxk, Jonf jF hor PslF dy Bfa lfgq kImq muqfibk idwqy jFdy?

          iksfn sMgTn lgfqfr mMg kr-kr ky hfr cuwky hn ik hfVI aqy sfAuxI dIaF ijxsF dy BfvF df aYlfn awvl qF Psl bIjx qoN pihlF kIqf jfvy jF iPr Gwto-Gwt Psl mMzI ivc afAux qoN lgBg iek mhInf pihlF. kyNdr srkfr ny sMgTnF dI ies mMg vWl kdI vI iDafn nf dy ky iksfnF nUM hmysLf njLraMdfjL kIqf hY. sMgTnF dI ies mMg ivc dm hY ik srkfr Psl dI ibjfeI qoN pihlF Aus dI kImq df aYlfn kry. jy iksfnF nUM vfrf KFdf hovygf qF Auh ieh Psl bIjygf vrnf iksy hor Psl vwl mUMh kr skdf hY. iPr bhuqI vfr qF ijxsF df Bfa aYlfn hI AudoN kIqf jFdf hY jdoN Auh mMzI ivc phuMcx vflIaF huMdIaF hn jF phuMcdIaF hn. Gwt hI vyKx suxn ivc afieaf hY jdoN PslF dy Bfa vyly isr aYlfn kIqy gey hn blik bhuqI vfr qF ieAuN hoieaf hY ik iksfn sMgTnF nUM PslF dy Bfa aYlfn krfAux leI aMdoln df shfrf lYxf ipaf hY. cMzIgVH vfsIaF nUM ajy vI Auh idn nhIN Buwlxy jdoN kuJ vrHy pihlF sYktr 16-17 dI sVk `qy PuwlF dy bfg dI kMD nfl iksfnF ny ies mMg Kfqr keI idn Drnf lfieaf sI. ivsLfl iekwT leI svyr qoN sLfm qwk jo lMgr cwldf sI, Aus ny nyVy-qyVy dy bhuq sfry hry Bry drKq ruMz mruMz kr idwqy sn. Auh ielfkf keI idn bdbU mfrdf irhf sI.

          afKLr Bfrq srkfr dysL dy aMndfqy nfl eynf mjLfk ikAuN krdI hY? iek pfsy ies vwloN sbiszIaF lgfqfr GtfeIaF jf rhIaF hn. dUjy pfsy iksfn dI jLmIn KfdF `qy eynI inrBr huMdI jf rhI hY ik hr Psl leI pihlF dy tfkry `qy vDyry Kfd pfAuxI pYNdI hY. iesy qrHF hI kIVymfr duafeIaF dI vrqoN krnI pYNdI hY. DMn hY grIb iksfn ijhVf kuJ vI pwly nf pY ky iPr KyqI vwl qurdf hY. ieh hflq bhuqy iksfnF dI hY. pMjfb ivc AuNj vI KyqI CotI qy drimafnI hY. bhuq Gwt iksfn hn ijhVy vwzI mflkIaq vfly hn. ienHF vwzy iksfnF nUM qF iksy qrHF df Prk nhIN pYNdf pr Coty qy drimafny iksfn ny qF sfrIaF GrylU grjF vI KyqI qoN pUrIaF krnIaF huMdIaF hn. jdoN Auh KyqI ivc ruwJf ienHF grjF dI pUrqI nhIN kr skdf qF iPr krjLf cuwkx leI mjbUr huMdf hY. KyqI cUMik Aus nUM idMdI kuJ nhIN, ies leI Auh krjLy dy jfl ivc Ps jFdf hY. jdoN cfry pfisaF qoN ies krjLy ivWcoN inklx df AuhnUM koeI rfh nhIN dINhdf qF iPr keI vfrI KudkusLI nUM cux lYNdf hY. iksfnF dy krjLy mfPL krky srkfr AunHF nUM KudkusLIaF qoN bcfa skdI hY.

          dysL df iksfn bVf ihMmqI hY, imhnqI hY. ies ny dysL nUM anfj ivc svYinrBr bxfieaf hY. srkfr nUM aMndfqy dI awj kdr krn dI jLrUrq hY. pRDfn mMqrI vwloN ipCly idnIN lok sBf ivc afnI bhfnI BfvyN ieh dws ky mYNbrF nUM sMqusLt krn dI koisLsL kIqI geI hY ik bfhroN ijhVI kxk mMgvfeI jf rhI hY, ies df dysL dy iksfnF AuWqy koeI asr nhIN pvygf sgoN ieh qF kxk df ijhVf anfj BMzfr Gt igaf sI, Aus nUM pUrf krn leI kIqf igaf hY. ieh gwl bhuqy iksfnF dy sMGoN hyTF hI nhIN lwQdI. jdoN dysL ivc kxk Auqpfdn sfl dr sfl vD irhf hY qF iPr ieh ikvyN ho igaf ik kyNdrI anfj BMzfr Gt igaf?

          jdoN ipCly keI vrHy ieho BMzfr nwko-nwk Biraf irhf blik Bfrq srkfr vwloN ipCly virHaF ivc kxk bfhr ByjI geI qF hux ieh BMzfr ikAuN Gitaf? sfPL jLfhr hY ik aPsrsLfhI ies pwKoN avyslI rhI hY. dUjf, iksfnF nUM bjfey anfj Auqpfdn ivc hor idlcspI lYx dy, inrAuqsLfhq kIqf igaf hY. qIjf, jy bfhroN mMgvfeI jfx vflI kxk df asr nhIN pYxf qF iPr kI iksfn sMgTn kmly hn ik Auh ies pRqI icMquq ivKfeI idMdy hn. asr ikAuN nhIN pvygf? ijnHF QfvF `qy kxk dI kmI df bhfnf hox krky ieh mMgvfeI jf rhI hY, AuWQy df vpfrI kxk nUM sLurU ivc Gwt kImq `qy lY ky loV vyly vwD Bfa `qy vycygf. imsfl vjoN apRYl-meI ivc ivkx vflI 650 rupey pRqI kuieMtl kxk jnvrI-PrvrI dy mhIinaF ivc 1000 rupey kuieMtl nUM ivkdI hY. ieh lfB iks nUM hovygf? iksfnF nUM hovygf? nhIN! isrPL vpfrIaF nUM.

          iksfn sMgTnF dy ieh sMkyqk Drny sn. ienHF rfhIN srkfr dy kMnF qwk afpxI afvfjL pucfeI geI hY. iksfnF dIaF mMgF bhuq hI Auicq hn. ieh mMnx ivc srkfr nUM koeI ihckcfht nhIN ivKfAuxI cfhIdI. kYptn amirMdr srkfr ny ibnF sLwk ipCly do iqMn virHaF ivc iksfnF dI Psl mMzIaF ivc rulx nhIN idwqI, nfloN nfl adfiegI huMdI rhI hY pr iek gwl pwkI hY ik iksfnF nUM ijxsF dy Bfa lfgq kImq muqfibk imlxy cfhIdy hn. iqMn sfl pihlF kYptn amirMdr isMG Kud iksfnF dy hwk ivc inwqry sn. kyNdr vwloN Jony df idwqf igaf Bfa Gwt mihsUs krky AunHF ny afpxI srkfr vwloN 30 rupey PI kuieMtl bons df aYlfn kIqf sI. ies ivwcoN 10 rupey dI iek iksLq dy idwqI geI pr do iksLqF ajy rihMdIaF hn. Gwto-Gwt Auh aqy gMny df bkfieaf dy ky qF iksfnF df sfh sOKf kIqf jfvy. jo kuJ kyNdr dy hwQ vws hY, Auh qF clo Aus ny hI krnf hY pr jo kuJ pMjfb srkfr dy hwQ vws hY, Gwto-Gwt Auh mMgF qurq mMn lvy. iksfnF nUM bhuqf aMdoln dy rfh qornf TIk nhIN. AuqoN hor 8-10 mhIinaF nUM pMjfb ivDfn sBf dIaF coxF hox vflIaF hn.


hirafxf iswK gurduafrf pRbMDk kmytI kdoN?

-sLMgfrf isMG Buwlr

          lgpg sfl pihlF jdoN cODrI BuipMdr isMG huwzf dI agvfeI hyTF hirafxf dI kFgrs srkfr hoNd ivc afeI sI qF hirafxf dy iswKF nUM iek qrHF ieh afs ijhI bwJ geI sI ik AunHF vwloN sLoRmxI gurduafrf pRbMDk kmytI dI lMby smyN qoN mMg kIqI jf rhI hY, bws Auh hux pUrI hox hI vflI hY. hirafxf kFgrs ny hirafxf ivDfn sBf coxF ivc afpxf ijhVf mnorQ pwqr jfrI kIqf sI, Auh dy ivc iek muwdf ieh vI sI ik jy hirafxf ivc kFgrs pfrtI coxF ijwq ky afpxI srkfr bxfAuNdI hY qF Auuh hirafxf ivDfn sBf dy pihly hI sYsLn ivc hirafxf leI vwKrI iswK gurduafrf pRbMDk kmytI bxfAux df ibl pfs kr dyvygI. iek sfl lMG jfx dy bfvjUd AUT df buwlH ajy ltikaf hoieaf hY.

          hux jdoN ik hirafxf srkfr nUM bixaF vI iek vrHf ho igaf hY aqy hirafxf dy iswKF vwloN vfr-vfr sUby dy muwK mMqrI sRI huwzf aqy hirafxf dy iswKF dy ivDfn sBf ivc pihlF spIkr vjoN aqy hux kYbint mMqrI vjoN pRqIinDqf krdy sRI hrmihMdr isMG cwTf dy iDafn ivc ieh ilaFdf jf irhf hY ik kFgrs pfrtI hirafxf dy iswKF nfl coxF smyN kIqf igaf vfadf pUrf kry qF muwK mMqrI vwloN tflf vwitaf jf irhf hY. qfjLf siQqI ieh hY ik ipwCy ijhy hirafxf dy iswKF df iek vPLd muwK mMqrI nUM imilaf aqy mMg kIqI ik aYqkIN hirafxf ivDfn sBf dy bjt sYsLn ivc vwKrI kmytI sbMDI ibl ilaFdf jfvy qF muwK mMqrI ny ies vPLd koloN ieh kih ky kuJ hor smF mMg ilaf ik ijs kmytI nUM sUby ivc vwKrI hirafxf iswK gurduafrf pRbMDk kmytI bxfAux df jfiejLf lYx leI ikhf igaf hY, Aus ny ajy afpxI irport nhIN idwqI, ies leI pihlF irport afAux idE.

          hirafxf dy iswKF nUM aMdrKfVy ieh zr Bfsx lwg ipaf hY ik hirafxf srkfr sLfied afpxy vfady qoN pfsf vwtxf cfhuMdI hY blik srkfr lfiraF dy rfh qur peI hY. AuDr hirafxf dy iswK do ihwisaF ivc vMzy hoey hn. awiDEN bhuqy Auh hn ijhVy vwKrI hirafxf iswK gurduafrf pRbMDk kmytI cfhuMdy hn aqy bfkI Auh hn ijhVy ies dy hwk ivc nhIN. vwKrI kmytI dI mMg krn vflI iDr ivc iek mYNbr surjIq isMG aqy dUjI iDr ivc sLfml ho gey hn. pihlF igxqI 7-4 dI sI pr hux 6-5 dI ho geI hY. sLfied srkfr iswKF dy ies afpsI BMblBUsy df vI Pfiedf AuTfAuxf cfhuMdI hY.

          hirafxf qoN sLRomxI gurduuafrf pRbMDk kmytI dIaF julfeI 2004 ivc hoeIaF coxF leI ijhVy 11 mYNbr cuxy hn, ienHF ivwcoN 7 vwKrI kmytI dy hwk ivc hn. pr hux ieh igxqI 6 rih geI hY. blik ienHF coxF qoN pihlF hI hirafxf dy iswKF ny ieh aYlfn kr idwqf sI ik Auh vwKrI hirafxf iswK gurduafrf pRbMDk kmytI cfhuMdy hn. ies mMg nUM hor bl hirafxf dI kFgrs pfrtI ny ivDfn sBf coxF ivc idwqf. ijAuN hI huwzf srkfr ny afpxf ahudf sMBfilaf, ies ny sRI hrmihMdr isMG cwTf dI agvfeI hyTF pihlF iek mYNbrI qy iPr awT mYNbrI kmytI pRFq ivc ies kmytI nUM hdfieq kIqI ik irport CyqI idwqI jfvy qF ik CyqI qoN CyqI hirafxf ivDfn sBf qoN ies sMbMDI ibl pfs krvf ilaf jfvy.

          dwisaf igaf hY ik iesy dOrfn ies sbMD ivc hirafxf srkfr ny hirafxf iswK gurduafrf mYnyjmYNt aYkt 2005 df KrVf vI iqafr kr ilaf ijs ivc 35 mYNbrI kmytI df pRfvDfn rwiKaf igaf hY. kmytI dI mMg krn vfly iswKF nUM ies kdr Brosy ivc ilaf igaf ik kmytI bxI ik bxI. ies df hYWzkuafrtr pMckUlf jF kurUksLyqr hovygf. hfl dI GVI vwKrI kmytI dI mMg krn vfly iswK aPLsos df pRgtfvf kr rhy hn ikAuNik awT mYNbrI kmytI ny ajy qwk afpxI irport hI nhIN idwqI. bhuqy mYNbrF nUM KdsLf hY ik ies sbMDI ajy koeI kMm hI sLurU nhIN hoieaf.

          hirafxf dy iswKF leI vwKrI hirafxf iswK gurduafrf pRbMDk kmytI bxn leI ijAuN-ijAuN dyrI ho rhI hY, iqAuN-iqAuN hirafxf dy iswKF ivc guwsf Br irhf hY. Auh hirafxf dy muwK mMqrI smyq afpxy-afpxy KyqrF dy hor mMqrIaF nUM iml ky afpxI ies mMg vwl iDafn qF duaf hI rhy hn, nfl hI AunHF ny sMGrsL dI rUp-ryKf vI AulIkxI sLurU kr idwqI hY.

          ies sbMD ivc hirafxf dy iswKF ny vwKrI hirafxf iswK gurduafrf pRbMDk kmytI aYzhfk qOr `qy bxfeI vI hoeI hY ijs dy pRDfn sRI jgdIsL isMG JINdf hn. AuDr sLRomxI akflI dl (bfdl) dy pRDfn sRI pRkfsL isMG bfdl aqy sLRomxI gurduafrf pRbMDk kmytI dy nvyN pRDfn jQydfr avqfr isMG mwkV vwloN ijwQy ies kmytI nUM mnfAux dy BrpUr Xqn ho rhy hn, AuwQy hirafxf dy iswK afpxI ies mMg leI pUrI qrHF aVH gey hn. pMjfb dy ienHF iswK nyqfvF nUM zr ies gwl df hY ik awj hirafxf vfly vwKrI kmytI dI mMg kr rhy hn, kwlH nUM koeI hor sUbf vI kr skdf hY.

          hirafxf dy iswKF vwloN vwKrI kmytI dI mMg asl ivc ies leI kIqI geI ik sLRomxI gurduafrf pRbMDk kmytI vwloN hirafxf dy iswKF nUM ipCly virHaF ivc pUrI qrHF njLraMdfjL kIqf igaf. ienHF iswKF df iglf hY ik sLRomxI gurduafrf pRbMDk kmytI ijvyN pMjfb ivc gurduafiraF dy hor ividak sMsQfvF dI sfB-sMBfl krdI hY, ievyN hirafxf nUM virHaF qoN axgOilaF kIqf hoieaf hY. iewQoN dy gurduafiraF df sfrf cVHfvf sLRomxI kmytI lY jFdI hY qy pMjfb dI insbq iewQy iswK ividak sMsQfvF nfmfqr hI hn. ies leI iswKI df iewQy Auh ivkfs nhIN ho sikaf jo hoxf rvweIey dy mwdynjLr hI hirafxf dy iswKF ny vwKrI kmytI dI mMg rwK idwqI hY.

          ikwQy qF hirafxf dy iswKF nUM lwgdf sI ik hirafxf srkfr dy hoNd ivc afAuNidaF hI vwKrI kmytI CyqI hI bx jfvygI pr ikwQy hux AunHF nUM BfsLx lwg ipaf hY ik vwKrI sLRomxI kmytI dy BivwK `qy svflIaf insLfn lwg igaf hY. ies dy bfvjUd Auh ies mMg leI pUrI qrHF bijLwd hn qy hux AunHF ny hirafxf srkfr nUM vMgfr vI idwqf hY. ipCly idnF ivc aYzhfk kmytI dy mYNbrF aqy hirafxf iswK smfj dy hor pRqIinDF ny sRI hwuzf nfl mIitMg vI kIqI aqy afpxf iek vwKrf sMmyln vI kIqf ijs ivc PYslf kIqf ik jy 22 PrvrI qwk hirafxf srkfr vwloN vwKrI hirafxf iswK gurduafrf pRbMDk kmytI bxfAux df aYlfn nf kIqf igaf qF hirafxf Br dy iswK 22 PrvrI qoN hirafxf dy kYbint mMqrI sRI hrmihMdr isMG cwTf dI kurUksLyqr ivclI irhfiesL mUhry aximwQy smyN df Drnf rwK dyxgy. AunHF ny ies Drny nUM DrmXuwD morcy df nF idwqf hY aqy jLordfr sLbdF ivc ikhf hY ik ijMnf icr hirafxf dy iswKF dI ieh mMg pUrI nhNIN huMdI, Enf icr qwk ieh Drnf jfrI rhygf. vyKdy hF hirafxf srkfr ies sbMD ivc iswKF nUM ikvyN piqafAuNdI hY?

          aYzhfk kmytI dI kfrjkfrnI dI ijhVI bYTk hoeI, Aus ivc hirafxf Br dy iswKF vwloN 53 zYlIgytF ny ihwsf ilaf. ies ivc bhuqy mYNbrF ny jLordfr sLbdF ivc mMg kIqI ik hirafxf iswK gurduafrf (mYnyjmYNt) aYkt 2005 ivDfn sBf dy iesy bjt smfgm ivc pysL kIqf jfvy aqy iswKF nfl coxF smyN kIqy smyN gey vfady muqfbk ies nUM amlI jfmf pihnfieaf jfvy. ies mIitMg ivc ieh spsLt kIqf igaf ik 1966 dy pMjfb punrgTn aYkt dI Dfrf 72 aDIn vwKrI hirafxf iswK gurduafrf pRbMDk kmytI bxfeI jf skdI hY. ieh rfey kuJ lokF vwloN pysL kIqI jf rhI hY ik 1925 df gurduafrf aYkt cUMik bfkfiedf lok sBf ivwcoN pfs hoieaf hY, ies leI hirafxf iswK gurduafrf (mYnyjmYNt) aYkt 2005 vI hirafxf ivDfn sBf ivc pfs krfAux qoN ipwCy lok sBf nUM Byjxf pvygf, ieh vI TIk nhIN. 1966 dy pMjfb purngTn aYkt nfl 1925 vfly aYkt df Twpf Dfrf 72 aDIn afpxy afp Kqm ho jFdf hY.

          svfl ieh hY ik sRI huwzf ny ijs kmytI nUM afpxI irport CyqI dyx leI ikhf hY, Aus ny eynI iZwl ikAuN kIqI? pUrf iek sfl kmytI dI nf iksy mIitMg aqy nf iksy PYsly bfry koeI irport sfhmxy afeI hY. ies nf hirafxf dy iswKF dy mnF ivc srkfr pRqI sLMkf hoxf suBfivk hI hY ik ijs srkfr ny iek sfl ivc ies mfmly `qy iek kdm vI awgy nhIN puwitaf, Auh afAux vfly smyN ivc vI sLfied hI koeI cmqkfr ivKf sky. iesy leI hirafxf dy iswK vwKrI kmytI leI iek sMGrsL ivwZx bfry soc rhy hn. sMGrsL dI aYlfnI geI rUp-ryKf qoN lwgdf hY ik hirafxf dy iswK kro jF mro dI rfh AuWqy qurn vfly hn pr ieh vI smF hI dwsygf ik hirafxf srkfr ies dy ievj ivc kI kdm cwkdI hY. ivDfn sBf dy bjt sYsLn ivc hirafxf iswK gurduafrf mYnyjmYNt aYkt pysL krdI hY jF hirafxf dy iswKF koloN kuJ smF hor lYx leI AunHF nUM piqaf lYNdI hY.

          ieh qwQ vI suwtx vflf nhIN ik jdoN koeI iDr vfadf krky Aus qoN pYr GsItx lwg jfvy qF dUjI iDr kol aMdoln qoN ibnF hor koeI rfh nhIN huMdf. hirafxf srkfr ny cUMik hfl dI GVI ajy tflmtol df ruK hI apxfieaf hoieaf hY, ies leI hirafxf dy iswKF nUM vI sLFqmeI ZMg nfl srkfr AuWqy dbfa pfAuxf cfhIdf hY. koeI aijhf kdm nhIN cuwkxf cfhIdf ijs nfl gwlbfq dI guMjfiesL hI nf rhy. afKr vwzy-vwzy msly gwlbfq dI myjL AuWqy jf ky hI hwl ho jFdy hn. ieiqhfs ies pRqI gvfh vI hY.

 

pfiksqfn iswK gurduafrf pRbMDk kmytI nUM mfnqf

-sLMgfrf isMG Buwlr

          dysL dI vMz ipCoN pfiksqfn ivc rih gey iswK gurDfmF dI sFB-sMBfl leI niVwnvyN ivc bxI pfiksqfn iswK gurduafrf pRbMDk kmytI nUM afKr Ausy sLRomxI gurduafrf pRbMDk kmytI aMimRqsr vloN mfnqf dy idwqI geI hY ijs ny pihlF ies dy hoNd ivc afAux `qy ros vjoN pfiksqfn ivcly iswK gurDfmF dy drsLnF leI iswK jQy Byjxy bMd kr idwqy sn. pfiksqfn kmytI nUM mfnqf dyx df aYlfn sLRomxI gurduafrf pRbMDk kmytI dy lgpg do mhIny pihlF inXukq hoey nvyN pRDfn jQydfr avqfr isMG ny Aus vyly kIqf jdoN ipCly idnIN pfiksqfn iswK gurduafrf pRbMDk kmytI dy kfrjkfrI pRDfn zf[ svrn isMG svrn isMG AuNj ies qoN pihlF idwlI ivcly iswK gurduafiraF dy drsLn krky aqy AuQoN dy iswK afgUaF nUM iml cuwky hn. cyqy rhy zf[ svrn isMG ies qoN pihlF pfiksqfn iswK gurduafrf pRbMDk kmytI dI Aus 10-mYNbrI kfrjkfrnI dy AuGy mYNbr hn ijs dy pRDfn sRI msqfn isMG sn, ijnHF nUM ipCly idnIN iBRsLtfcfr qy kuJ hor dosLF kfrn ahudy qoN htf idwqf igaf.

          zf[ svrn isMG ny aMimRqsr dI afpxI Xfqrf dOrfn jQydfr avqfr isMG aqy hor iswK afgUaF nfl pfiksqfn iswK gurduafrf pRbMDk kmytI dy kMm-kfj nUM sucfrU rUp nfl clfAux leI jo slfh msLvrf kIqf, Aus qoN spsLt ho jFdf hY ik dovyN kmytIaF BivwK ivc iek dUjy nUM Auh pUrf sihXog dyxgIaF ijs dI ik mMg kIqI geI hY. zf[ svrn isMG df kihxf sI ik pfiksqfn iswK gurduafrf pRbMDk kmytI dI afpxI vwKrI hoNd hY aqy iswK gurDfmF dI syvf sMBfl leI ieh sfry PYsly KLud krdI hY hflFik kuJ aKLbfrI irportF muqfbk pfiksqfn iswK gurduafrf pRbMDk kmytI dI 10-mYNbrI kfrjkfrnI kmytI qF Aus pfiksqfn avYinAU trwst pRfprtI borz dI kTpuqlI vjoN kMm krdI hY ijhVI pfiksqfn iswK kmytI nUM clfAuNdI hY. ies kmytI dy cyarmYn jLulPLkfr alI Kfn hn. AuNj jdoN kmytI niVwnvyN ivc bxI sI qF ies dy pihly muKI bdnfm KuPLIaf eyjMsI afeI[ aYs[ afeI[ dy sfbkf muKI jfvyd nfisr sn aqy iesy qoN icVH ky hI sLoRmxI gurduafrf pRbMDk kmytI dI qqkflI pRDfn bIbI jgIr kOr ny pfiksqfn ivcly iswK gurDfmF dy drsLnF leI iswK jQy Byjxy bMd kr idwqy sn.

          asl ivc pfiksqfn iswK gurduafrf pRbMDk kmytI niVwnvyN ivc sQfpq kIqI geI sI aqy ies dy pihly ko-pRDfn sRI sLfm isMG nUM bxfieaf igaf ijnHF ny sqMbr 2004 qk ies ahudy `qy bVI insLTf nfl kMm kIqf. AunHF ny Bfrq vsdy iswKF nfl afpsI sbMD suDfrn ivc bVI aihm BUimkf inBfeI. ieh gwl vwKrI hY ik AunHF Auqy vI keI qrHF dy dosL lgdy rhy, ijnHF ivcoN iek ieh sI ik Auh swcy suwcy iswK nhIN pr ies sB kfsy dy bfvjUd AunHF ny pfiksqfn iswK gurduafrf pRbMDk kmytI nUM pwky pYrIN krn ivc Tos BUimkf inBfeI. hux vI jdoN sRI msqfn isMG pfiksqfn iswK gurduafrf pRbMDk kmytI dy pRDfn rhy aqy zf[ svrn isMG ko-pRDfn hn qF nyV BivwK ivc kmytI dI hox vflI cox leI sRI sLfm isMG iek vfrI iPr pRDfngI dy ahudy leI mYdfn ivc inqrn dIaF iqafrIaF ivc hn. ieh sRI sLfm isMG hI hn ijnHF ny swq hor kfrjkfrI mYNbrF nfl rl ky sRI msqfn isMG nUM ahudy qoN htfAux ivruwD jLordfr afvfjL AuTfeI.

          sRI msqfn isMG sqMbr 2004 ivc AudoN pfiksqfn iswK gurduafrf pRbMDk kmytI dy pRDfn bxy jdoN pfiksqfn dIaF vwK-vwK iswK sMsQfvF dy dbfa hyT af ky pfiksqfn srkfr ny pfiksqfn ivcly, iswK gurduafiraF df pRbMD suqMqr qOr `qy clfAux leI pfiksqfn iswK gurduafrf pRbMD kmytI dI ds mYNbrI kfrjkfrnI kmytI sQfpq kIqI sI. kfrjkfrnI dy bfkI nO mYNbrF ivc ijhVy swjx ley gey AunHF ivc zf[ svrn isMG, sLfm isMG, srbwq isMG, sqnfm isMG, rvyl isMG, mhysL isMG, sfihb isMG, ibsLn isMG hn. sRI ibsLn isMG, sRI msqfn isMG, dy njLdIkI irsLqydfr hn pr jdoN sRI msqfn isMG Auqy iBRsLtfcfr dy dosL lwgy qF bhuqy mYNbrF ny sRI msqfn isMG qoN mUMh moV ilaf.

          svfl ijQoN qwk sRI msqfn isMG ivruwD iBRsLtfcfr dy dosLF df hY, Aus ivc AunHF vwloN gurduafrf zyrf sfihb lfhOr ivKy do vwzy drKqF nUM ibnF hor mYNbrF dI slfh ley ktvf dyxf vI hY. iesy qrHF bfgbfnI dy kMm bdly ibl pfs krvf lYxy sLrfb df lfiesMs rwKxf aqy srkfrI kfr dI vrqoN afpxy injI mMqvF leI krnI afid hY. sRI msqfn isMG Tykydfr hn aqy gurduafiraF dI mrMmq leI hI ley Tyky ivc Gply krn dI vI dosL AunHF Auqy lgdy rhy hn. sRI msqfn isMG nUM ahudy qoN htfAux ipwCoN zf[ svrn isMG nUM kmytI df kfrjkfrnI pRDfn bxf idwqf igaf hY. idlcsp gwl ieh hY ik kmytI dy pihly ko-pRDfn sRI sLfm isMG aqy dUjy pRDfn sRI msqfn isMG qF afpxy ahuidaF dy huMidaF sLMidaF Bfrq dy dOry `qy nhIN af sky pr zf[ svrn isMG ny ieh ihMmq kIqI aqy AunHF nUM, Auh Bfrq ivc ijQy vI afey hr QF bVf mfx siqkfr imilaf. ieQoN Auh pUrI qrHF sMqusLt ho ky vfps gey hn.

          pfiksqfn iswK gurduafrf pRbMDk kmytI hoNd ivc ikAuN afeI, ies dy ivsQfr ivc bhuqf jfx dI loV nhIN. hF, sMKyp ivc eynf jLrUr ikhf jf skdf hY ik niVwnvyN qoN pihlF ijhVy iswK jQy pfiksqfn ivc iswK gurDfmF dI Xfqrf `qy cfr vwK-vwK mOikaF `qy jFdy sn, AunHF dy kihx aqy hor sfrIaF shUlqf df pRbMD pfiksqfn dy aOkfPL borz nUM krnf pYNdf sI jdoN ik vwK-vwK gurduafiraF ivc cVdf sfrf cVfvf sLRomxI gurduafrf pRbMDk kmytI dy jiQaF nfl gey afgU lY afAuNdy. iswK XfqrI aksr vfpsI `qy irhfiesL aqy hor QuVF df jdo ijLkr krdy qF ies nfl pfiksqfn srkfr dI cMgI bdnfmI huMdI. iesy bdnfmI qoN bcx leI hI pfiksqfn srkfr ny soicaf ik ikAuN nf sLRomxI gurduafrf pRbMDk kmytI dI qrjL `qy afpxI vwKrI kmytI bxf leI jfvy ijhVI sfry iswK gurDfmF dI sFB-sMBfl dI AuvyN hI ijLMmyvfrI Et lvy ijvyN Bfrq ivc sLRomxI gurduafrf pRbMDk kmytI krdI hY. ieDroN sRI jfvyd nfisr dI agvfeI hyT pfiksqfn iswK gurduafrf pRbMDk kmytI dI sQfpnf hoeI, AuDroN sLRomxI kmytI ny ies ros vjoN pfiksqfn ivcly iswK gurDfmF dI Xfqrf leI jQy Byjxy bMd kr idwqy ik ies kmytI df muKI jfvyd nfisr nUM ikAuN bxfieaf igaf?

          Aus vyly ijhVI hor idlcsp siQqI bxI, Auh ieh ik sLRomxI kmytI ny qF jQy Byjxy bMd kr idwqy pr idwlI smyq vwK-vwK QfvF qy XUrpI aqy pwCm mulkF qoN jQy pihlF vFg afAuxy jfrI rhy. blik sLRomxI kmytI dy ies rvweIey dy mwdynjLr pfiksqfn kmytI ny ivsLv Br dy XfqrUaF nUM pfiksqfn ivcly iswK gurDfmF dI Xfqrf leI nf kyvl ivsLysL swdy dyxy sLurU kIqy sgoN AunHF nUM pihlF dI insbq vDyry shUlqF dyxIaF vI sLurU kIqIaF. bhuq sfry gurduafiraF df bfhrI mUMh mwQf svfrnf sLurU kIqf igaf. ies vyly pfiksqfn ivc 174 gurduafry hn. keIaF df mUMh mwQf svfiraf igaf hY jdoN ik bhuiqaF df ajy rihMdf hY. keI gurduafiraF `qy lokF ny kbjLy krky irhfiesL kr leI hY. ieh gurduafry KflI krvf ky AuWQy rihq mirafdf dI bhflI dI loV hY. ijnHF gurduafiraF ivc iswK sLrDflUaF leI irhfiesL aqy nhfAux Dox dI kmI sI, AwuQy AunHF shUlqF df pRbMD kIqf igaf. ies nfl XfqrIaF nUM vwzy pwDr `qy rfhq imlx lwgI. asl ivc jdoN sLRomxI kmytI vwloN jQy Byjxy bMd kr idwqy gey pr AuWQy huMdy pRkfsL qy sLhIdI AuqsvF smyN gurduafiraF ivc ijhVf cVfvf cVdf, Auprokq sfrf kuJ iesy rkm nfl hox lwgf. prvfsI iswKF ny vI ies ivc BrvF ihwsf pfieaf. nnkfxf sfihb ivKy qF ienHF dI mdd nfl irhfiesL df ZukvF pRbMD kIqf igaf.

          iesy dOrfn niVwnvyN qoN ipwCoN BfvyN sLRomxI kmytI dy pRDfn smyN-smyN bdly jFdy rhy ijnHF ivc jQydfr jgdyv isMG qlvMzI qy pRo[ ikrpfl isMG bzUMgr vI hn pr jdo do hjLfr iqMn ivc jQydfr gurcrn isMG tOhVf iek vfrI muV kmytI dy pRDfn bxy qF AunHF ny pfiksqfn kmytI vwl kfPLI nrm ruK rwiKaf aqy ienHF idnF ivc Bfrq qoN iswK jQy pfiksqfn ivcly iswK gurDfmF dI Xfqrf leI muV jfxy sLurU ho gey. XkInn iswK XfqrIaF dy lgfqfr jfx nfl dohF mulkF dy afpsI sbMD suKfvyN hox lwgy.

          pr jdoN qoN jQydfr avqfr isMG ny sLRomxI gurduafrf pRbMDk kmytI dy pRDfn dI vfgzor sMBflI hY qF AunHF ny ienHF sbMDF nUM hor agyry vDfAux vl hor kdm cwuky hn. ienHF ivc iek ieh vI hY ik dovyN kmytIaF BivwK ivc afpsI sihXog nfl kMm krngIaF aqy ies sbMDI ivcfr-vtFdry leI CyqI hI kmytI df iek vPLd pfiksqfn jfvygf. hux zf[ svrn isMG ny lfhOr prqx qoN pihlF jQydfr avqfr isMG df ies gwloN DMnvfd pRgt kIqf ik AunHF ny pfiksqfn kmytI nUM mfnqf dy idwqI hY. ies nfl dohF dysLF dy iswKF nUM vwzI rfhq imlI hY.

          AuNj cMgf ieh huMdf ik ieh mfnqf ies kmytI nUM AudoN hI iml jFdI, jdoN ieh sQfpq hoeI sI. iewQy cyqy rwKxXog hY ik niVwnvyN ivc jy jQydfr tOhVf sLRomxI kmytI dy pRDfn huMdy qF sLfied ieh mfnqf ies kmytI nUM AudoN hI iml jFdI pr hux vI dyr afied drusq afied muqfibk ieh TIk hI hoieaf hY. iewQy ieh kihxf vI vfjb hovygf ik pfiksqfn ivc ies vyly vIh ku hjLfr iswK hn aqy vwzI gwl ieNh hY ik Auh sfry hI sfbq sUrq iswK hn jdoN ik pMjfb qy Bfrq ivc iswKI df Gfx ho irhf hY. iesy dOrfn ijvyN aMimRqsr qoN lfhOr ny nnkfxf sfihb nUM bws syvf sLurU hoeI hY, ies nfl dohF mulkF dy lokF df afAuxf jfxf afm ho jfvygf ijs nfl sbMD hor gUVHy hoxgy. jLfihr hI hY ik lfhOr qy nnkfxf sfihb jfx vfly musfPLr AuQoN dy gurduafiraF dy drsLn jLrUr krngy. vMz qoN ipwCoN ijhVIaF dUrIaF peIaF sn, Auh hOlI-hOlI imt rhIaF hn aqy afAux vfly smyN ivc imt jfxgIaF.

 


 

mMqrIaF dI ibafnbfjLI

-sLMgfrf isMG Buwlr

          gwl BfvyN bVI CotI ijhI hY pr hY bVI mhwqvpUrn. gwl ieh hY ik afm vyKx ivc afAuNdf hY ik mihkmf qF iksy mMqrI df hY pr ibafn Aus bfry koeI dUjf mMqrI deI jFdf hY. hflFik qrIkf qF ieh hY ik ijs mihkmy df ijhVf mMqrI hY, Aus bfry hI Auh ibafn dyvy jF koeI aYlfn vgYrf krdf hY qF kry. gwl vI TIk hY ik ijhVf mihkmf ijs mMqrI kol hY, Aus bfry Auh pUrf-pUrf jfxdf huMdf hY blik Aus nUM Aus bfry pUrI jfxkfrI hoxI cfhIdI hY. ieh ikvyN vI AuWicq nhIN ik imsfl vjoN mMqrI kol mihkmf qF Kurfk aqy isvl splfeI df hY jF koeI hor pr Auh vwK-vwK smfgmF jF hor jlsy jlUsF ivKy ibafnbfjLI dUjy mihkimaF bfry krdf hovy. ieAuN afpxy mihkmy nfl qF ainaF huMdf hI hY sgoN dUjy mihkmy nfl vI ikAuNik Aus nUM dUjy iksy mihkmy bfry sLfied eynI jfxkfrI huMdI nhIN ijMnI afpxy bfry. ibhqr iehIE hY ik hr mMqrI isrPL afpxy mihkmy bfry hI ibafnbfjLI kry.

          Auprokq imsfl qF isrPL dfl ivwcoN dfxf tohx vflI hY pr hYrfnI ieh hY ik aijhI ibafnbfjLI koeI iekwlf dukwlf mMqrI nhIN krdf sgoN ijs df vI jIa krdf hY, AuhIE krI jFdf hY hflFik sfry mihkimaF bfry jy ibafnbfjLI krnI hovy qF Auh isrPL muwK mMqrI nUM hI sLoBdI hY. BfvyN mMqrIaF nUM vwKo-vwK ivBfg idwqy huMdy hn pr Auh ikAuNik iswDy qOr `qy muwK mMqrI nUM jvfbdyh huMdy hn aqy awgoN muwK mMqrI leI vI ieh sMBv hY ik Auh cfhux qF iksy vI mihkmy bfry jy koeI aYlfn krnf hY jF ibafn dyxf hY qF AunHF nUM pUrI KuwlH hY blik AunHF koloN ieh qvwkoN vI rwKI jFdI hY ik muwK mMqrI nUM afpxy aDIn sfry mMqrIaF dy mihkimaF dy kMm kfj dI pUrI-pUrI jfxkfrI hovy.

          aijhIaF jfxkfrIaF df pqf AuNj ivDfn sBf ivc Aus vyly cwldf hY jdoN swqfDfrI jF gLYrswqDfrI iDr dy ivDfiekF vwloN mihkimaF nfl sbMDq svfl puwCy jFdy hn. ijhVy mMqrI qF afpxy mihkmy dI rg-rg qoN vfkPL huMdy hn, Auh KLud afp jF afpxy ivBfg nfl sbMDq aPLsrF dI shfieqf nfl qwt Pwt jvfb dyeI jFdy hn pr bVy mMqrI aYsy vI vyKx nUM imldy hn ijhVy GroN iqafrI krky nhIN afAuNdy. PlsrUp AunHF nUM ijhVy svfl puwCy jFdy hn, keI vfrI Auh AunHF svflF dy iswDy spwsLt jvfb nhIN dy skdy. ieAuN gwl keI vfrI AulJdI jFdI hY.

          qF vI svfl ijwQoN qwk dUijaF dI QF afpxy mihkmy bfry aYlfn jF koeI ibafn dyx df hY, Aus ivc iek CotI ijhI imsfl dyxI cfhFgf ijs qoN quhfnUM KLud anumfn ho jfvygf ik ieh ibafn ikMnf ivroDfBfsI hY. ibafn ipCly idnIN ieko qfrIk dIaF aKLbfrF ivc iek mMqrI vwloN qF ieh Cpvfieaf igaf ik pMjfb ivc cuMgI 31 mfrc qoN pihlF-pihlF Kqm kr idwqI jfvygI. iesy hI idn iek hor mMqrI df iesy bfry ibafn ieh sI ik cuMgI Enf icr qwk Kqm nhIN kIqI jf skdI, ijMnf icr qwk ies df koeI bdl nhIN lwiBaf jFdf. ies ibafn ivc qF dlIl vI hY aqy dm vI. Auh ieh ik cuMgI qoN pMjfb srkfr nUM kfPI afmdn huMdI hY ijs nfl sLihrF qy ksibaF df ivkfs huMdf hY. ies ivkfs leI cuMgI rfhIN afAux vflI afmdnI jy iek dm bMd ho jFdI hY qF iPr jLrUrI hY ik srkfr Aus ivkfs leI PMz jfrI kry. spwsLt hY ik do mMqrIaF df ieko ivsLy bfry alwg-alwg ibafn sI ijhVf afm lokF nUM vI BMblBUsy ivc pfAuNdf hY.

          ieho ijhI ivroDfBfsI aqy afpxf mihkmf Cwz ky dUjy mihkimaF bfry ibafnbfjLI krnI koeI nvIN gwl vI nhIN. ipClIaF srkfrF ivc vI kdI-kdI ieAuN huMdf irhf hY aqy hux muwK mMqrI kYptn amirMdr isMG dI agvfeI hyTlI srkfr ivc vI ho irhf hY. ieh smJ nhIN afAuNdI ik muwK mMqrI sbMDq mMqrIaF nUM ies pfisAuN vrjdy ikAuN nhIN? iehdy nfl qF ieh spwsLt huMdf hY ik muwK mMqrI df afpxy mMqrIaF AuWqy koeI kMtrol nhIN hflFik muwK mMqrI nUM cfhIdf ieh hY ik Auh hr mMqrI koloN Auhdy mihkmy bfry hr mhIny jF dohIN mhInI kfrgujLfrI dI irport lvy. iesy qrHF smyN-smyN hox vflIaF mMqrI mMzl dIaF mIitMgF ivc BfvyN keI aihm msly ivcfry jFdy hn aqy PYsly ley jFdy hn, AuWQy vI muwK mMqrI jy cfhux qF hryk mihkmy dI kfrgujLfrI bfry sbMDq mMqrI koloN jfxkfrI pRfpq kIqI jf skdI hY aqy awgoN mMqrI leI vI ieh jLrUrI hY ik Auh muwK mMqrI nUM Auh jfxkfrI qurMq muhweIaf krvfAux ijhVI AunHF ny mMgI hY pr ieh qF hI sMBv hY jy mMqrI isrPL afpxy mihkmy qwk sImq hY aqy Aus nUM afpxy mihkmy dy AUVf qoN lY ky afKrI awKr qwk sfry kMm kfj dI pUrI-pUrI jfxkfrI hY.

          ipCly muwK mMqrI sRI pRkfsL isMG bfdl ny jy mMqrIaF dI iek dUjy dy mihkimaF ivc dKlaMdfjLI vwl iDafn nhIN idwqf qF kYptn amirMdr isMG nUM ies dKlaMdfjLI df qurq noits lYxf cfhIdf hY. AunHF nUM mMqrI mMzl dI mIitMg ivc jF jdoN vI Auh munfsb smJx, iksy icwTI rfhIN sfry mMqrIaF nUM spwsLt hdfieqF dy dyxIaF cfhIdIaF hn ik Auh jnqf ivc ibafnbfjLI krn smyN isrPL afpxy mihkmy qwk hI sImq rihx, dUjy mihkimaF bfry cuwp hI vwtI rwKx. AuNj ieh qwQ vI BuMjy nhIN suwitaf jf skdf ik ijhVf mMqrI dUjy mMqrI dy mihkmy bfry koeI aYlfn krdf hY jF ibafn idMdf hY qF Auh vI XkInn ies bfry jLrUr pRqIikiraf krdf hovygf pr aPLsos ieh hY ik ieh pRqIikiraf aMdroN aMdrI huMdI hY, bfhroN bfhr nhIN.

          cMgf qF ieh hoxf cfhIdf hY ik ijAuN hI koeI mMqrI afpxf ivBfg Cwz ky dUjy mihkmy bfry koeI ibafn idMdf hY qF Aus mMqrI nUM awgoN Aus nUM rokxf cfhIdf hY jF iPr ieh mslf qurMq muwK mMqrI dy iDafn ivc ilafAuxf cfhIdf hY. Auh ies leI ik ieAuN dUijaF dy mihkimaF sbMDI ibafnbfjLI dyx nfl iek qF keI vfr glq qwQ lokF qwk cly jFdy hn ijs nfl BMblBUsy vflI siQqI bx jFdI hY.

          imsfl vjoN sRI hrnfm dfs jOhr skUlI iswiKaf mihkmy bfry jy koeI aYlfn krn jF ibafn dyx qF Auh smJ ivc afAuNdf hY pr jy koeI hor mMqrI kwlH nUM pMjfb dy srkfrI skUlF ivc aiDafpkF dIaF KflI peIaF afsfmIaF Brn bfry ibafn dyNdf hY qF Auh bVf sfDfrn lwgdf hY blik hfsohIxf lwgdf hY. iesy qrHF jy koeI hor mMqrI AucyrI iswiKaf bfry koeI ibafn dyNdy hn qF Auh vI ZukvF nhIN lwgygf ikAuNik AucyrI iswiKaf bfry iksy qrHF df vI ibafn dyxf bIbI rfijMdr kOr BwTl dy aiDkfr Kyqr ivc hY ikAuNik ieh mihkmf Aus kol hY.

          hux jdoN pMjfb ivDfn sBf coxF hox ivc kyvl iek vrHf rih igaf hY qy ies vrHy nUM ijwQy kYptn amirMdr isMG srkfr vwloN ivkfs vrHy df nF idwqf jf irhf hY, AuWQy agly idnF ivc cox srgrmIaF vI sLurU ho jfxgIaF. aiswDy qOr `qy qF ieh mukqsr ivKy mfGI myly mOky kFgrs pfrtI dI hoeI isafsI kfnPrMs mOky sLurU ho vI cuwkIaF hn. agly idnF ivc lokF nUM afpxy hwk ivc pRyirq krn leI ijnHF kFgrsI nyqfvF vwloN ieho ijhy aYlfn jF ibafn dfgy jfxgy, AunHF ivc mMqrI vI sLfml hoxgy ijhVy srkfr dIaF pRfpqIaF df guxgfn krngy aqy ieh guxgfn spwsLt hI hY ik mihkimaF vwloN ivKfeI geI sLfndfr kfrgujLfrI df hovygf.

          hryk mMqrI afpxy mihkmy dy nfl-nfl dUjy mihkmy dI vI lMbI cOVI BUimkf bMnHx dI koisLsL krygf hflFik hoxf iewQy vI ieh cfhIdf hY ik mMqrI bysLwk lokF nUM srkfr dI kfrgujLfrI qoN pRBfvq krn dI koisLsL kry pr gwl Auh isrPL qy isrPL afpxy mihkmy dI hI kry aqy Auh vI pUry vyrivaF sfihq. dUjy mihkmy dI gwl afpy dUjy mMqrI krn. ieAuN gwl df bwJvF pRBfv pvygf. pr ieh qF afAux vflf smF hI dwsygf ik kFgrs pRDfn sRI sLmsLyr isMG dUlo aqy muwK mMqrI kYptn amirMdr isMG afpxy pfrtI nyqfvF qy vrkrF nUM BivwK ivc ies sbMDI kI qy ikho ijhIaF hdfieqF idMdy hn.

hux qwk KLbrnfmf dI vYWb sfeIt nUM pfTk vyK cuwky hn

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