www.khabarnama.com  {Punjabi Newspaper Khabarnama Toronto} email: editor@khabarnama.com 


 

ਅਖ਼ਬਾਰ ਪੜ੍ਹਨ ਲਈ ਪੰਜਾਬੀ  ਫਾਂਟ ਇੱਥੋਂ ਡਾਊਂਨਲੋਡ ਕਰ

 

 

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klMkq kr irhf hY jn pRqIinDF df ivhfr BfrqI lokqMqr nUM

bfbU BfeI ktfrf kFz ny hor prdy cuwky

-drbfrf isMG kfhloN

     Bfrq aMdr rfm-rfj, svrfj iek svwC, jvfbdyh, pfrdrsLI cfl, cirwqr aqy ichry rfhIN BfrqI sMsikRqI blbUqy sQfpq krn df dfavf krdI nf QwkdI BfrqI jnqf pfrtI nfl sbMDq gujrfq rfj qoN dUsrI vfr cuixaf igaf sFsd sRI bfbU BfeI ktfrf ivdysLF leI mnuwKI qskrI krdf rMgy hwQIN ieMdrf gFDI aMqr rfsLtrI hvfeI awzy idwlI qoN pkiVaf igaf hY. Auh afpxy, afpxI pqnI aqy puwqr dy pfsportF `qy pMjfb dy kpUrQlf ijLlHy dI iek aOrq prmjIq kOr aqy huisLafrpur ijLlHy dy iek 16 sflf lVky amrjIq isMG nUM torFto (kYnyzf) iljf irhf sI. aOrq nUM afpxI pqnI bxf ky iljfx leI 30 lwK aqy lVky nUM pwuqr bxf ky iljfx leI 10 lwK rupey ivc sOdf kIqf dwisaf jFdf hY. ieh vI ieMksfPL hoieaf hY ik ieh sFsd pihlF vI nfjfiejL ZMg nfl do vfr aOrqF nUM motIaF rkmF lY ky bfhr ivdysLF ivc kbUqrbfjLI krdf Cwz cuwkf hY. iqMn hor sFsdF dy nF vI AuBr ky awgy afey hn.

     jykr sI[ bI[ afeI[ vrgI ijLMmyvfr cOksI eyjMsI Bfrq dy sFsdF, ivDfiekF aqy AuWc aPsrsLfhF dy ipCly 5 sflF dy ivdysLI dOiraF dI inwT ky CfxbIx kry qF ienHF vwloN kbUqrbfjLI rfhIN Dn bdly hjLfrF lok bfhr ivdysLF ivc Cwzx dy snsnIKyjL ieMksfP sfhmxy af skdy hn. aprfDI, mfPIaf, trYvl eyjMtF dy aMqr-rfsLtrI aqy rfsLtrI pwDr dy igroh qF aYsy gYr-kfnUMnI kMm krn jo AunHF df DMdf huMdf hY pr jdoN dysL dy ijLMmyvfr jn pRqIinD aqy AuWc aPsrsLfh aYsy kfrj krn qF kOmFqrI pwDr `qy kOm nUM nmosLI JylxI pYNdI hY. bfbU BfeI ktfrf mfmlf ijvyN Bfrq, kYnyzf hI nhIN blik kOmFqrI pwDr `qy mIzIey, tYlIivjLn aqy ieMtrnYWt rfhIN Cfieaf hoieaf hY. ies ny BfrqI kOm nUM bdnfm kIqf hY. BfvyN lok lwjf Kfqr BfrqI jnqf pfrtI ny ies sFsd nUM pfrtI `coN muawql kr idwqf hY lyikn aYsy sFsd nUM sMsd ivc rihx df koeI aiDkfr nhIN.

     BfrqI jnqf pfrtI ijs dy ivDfiek, sFsd, kfrjkfrnI dy mYNbr aqy hor AuWc-pwDrI ahudydfr aksr afr[ aYs[ aYs[ dIaF smuwcy rfsLtr ivc pwsrIaF sLfKfvF dI ihMdUqvI ivcfrDfrf, AuWc ieKlfkI jIvn jFc, rfsLtr BgqI aqy iemfndfrI dI anusfsLq BwTI ivwcoN rwV ky inkldy hn, dI rfjnIqI vwzIaF nIvfxF vwl grk hox krky afm lokF dI vwzI aflocnf dI pfqr bx rhI hY.

     BfrqI rfjnIqI ivc ivDfiekF aqy sFsdF dy iBRsLtfcfrI, bdieKlfk aqy GtIaf krnfimaF df ieiqhfs afjLfd Bfrq aMdr lokqMqrI ivvsQf apxfAux nfl hI sLurU ho igaf sI. sMn 1951 ivc pfrlImYNt mYNbr aYc[ jI[ mudgwl ny kuJ PrmF dy Pfiedy leI sMsd aMdr svfl puwCx dy pYsy ley. jdoN pRDfn mMqrI pMzq jvfhr lfl nihrU nUM pqf cwilaf qF AunHF sMsd dI spYsLl kmytI jFc leI ibTf idwqI. Auh dosLI pfieaf igaf. Aus nUM kmytI dy PYslf suxfAux qoN pihlF pqf cwl igaf qy Auh asqIPf dy igaf. ies sbMDI pMzq nihrU ny rfjF dy muwK mMqrIaF nUM iek pwqr ilK ky ikhf, pfrlImYNt ny mudgwl dy ivvhfr `qy vwzI nfrfjLgI pRgtfeI hY. ivvhfr dy shI mfpdMZ nf rwKx dI pRivrqI BUqkfl qoN pfrlImYNt hI nhIN blik rfj ivDfn sBfvF ivc vI pfeI jf rhI hY. mudgwl kys iek imsfl aqy icqfvnI hY ik aYsy mfmilaF ivc jLrf vI iZwl nhIN vrqxI cfhIdI. iek vfr sfzIaF ivDfn sBfvF dI sLuhrq igr geI, lokqMqr sMkt ivc pY jfeygf. ies leI ivDfn sBfvF aqy sfzIaF syvfvF dI sLuhrq kfiem rwKx leI iksy vI mfVy ivvhfr ivruwD qurMq jFc aqy aYksLn hoxf cfhIdf hY.

     lyikn AunHF dy AuqrfiDkfrIaF ny sMsd aqy ivDfnpfilkfvF dI sLuhrq, mfx-mirXfdf kfiem rwKx leI AunHF dI icqfvnI `qy aml jfrI nf rwiKaf. sRImqI ieMdrf gFDI ny dysL aMdr pirvfrk AuqrfiDkfr kfiem rwKx leI pfrlImYNt dI mirXfdf dy prKcy Auzf ky rwK idwqy. Aus df puwqr aqy AuqrfiDkfrI boPorjL qop dy svIzn nfl sOdy ivwcoN dlflI lYx dy dosL df isLkfr ho igaf. Aus df AuqrfiDkfrI kFgrs pRDfn mMqrI sRI nrismhf rfE JfrKMz mukqI morcf irsLvq kFz df isLkfr bx igaf. mOjUdf pRDfn mMqrI zf[ mnmohn isMG sMsd mfx mirXfdf nfloN gFDI pirvfr dy sohly gfAux, bcgfnI soc dy mflk rfhul gFDI nUM dysL df BivwK drsfAux ivc idlcspI rwKdf hY.

     12 dsMbr, 2005 nUM kobrf post zft kfm eyjMsI ny apRYl, 05 qoN 11 dsMbr 05 qwk 11 sFsdF df afj qwk tI[ vI[ cYnl `qy Dn lY ky sMsd aMdr svfl puwCx df prdfPfsL kIqf. ienHF ivwcoN 7 Bfjpf, 2 bspf, iewk afr[ jy[ zI[ aqy iek kFgrs pfrtIaF nfl sbMDq sn. ienHF nUM sFsd ivwcoN Kfrj kr idwqf. ijs `qy bfad ivc mfxXog suprIm kort ny vI mohr lgf idwqI jdoN dosLI sFsd afpxf kys Aus ivc lY jf rhy sn.

     ieQy hI bs nhIN aprysLn cwkrivAU ivc stfr inAUjL izwg vwloN 7 sMsd mYNbr hlkf ivkfs PMz jo sflfnf hr sFsd nUM 2 kroV rupey imldf hY, ivwcoN vwK-vwK pRfjYktF leI pwqr ilK ky dyx bdly TykydfrF jF pfrtIaF qoN motI irsLvq btordy pkVy gey. aYsy sFsd vI hn jo afpxIaF srkfrI irhfiesLF ikrfey `qy idMdy hn.

     sMn 2004 ivc cuxI geI sFsd ivc 23[2 pRqIsLq sFsd aprfDI hn. sB qoN ijLafdf afr[ jy[ zI[ dy 43[5 pRqIsLq sFsdF `qy POjdfrI dy kys bxy hoey hn. bspf dy 27[8, smfjvfdI pfrtI dy 19[4, kFgrs dy 7[6, Bfjpf dy 10[9 pRqIsLq sFsd aprfDI hn. isrP kimAUinst pfrtIaF aYsy klMk qoN bcIaF hoeIaF hn. ieQy ieh vI vrxnXog hY ik cox kimsLn nUM glq vyrvf dyx dy bfvjUd kFgrs dy 45[5 pRqIsLq sFsd kroVpqI hn jdik kimAUinst sFsdF `coN iek vI nhIN.

     BfrqI pfrlImYNt aMdr kyNdr aqy rfjF ivwcoN jMbU-jYt mMqrI mMzl GtfAux leI ijnHF df KjLfny aqy lokF `qy BfrI boJ pYNdf sI sMn 2003 ivc sRI vfjpfeI dI aYn[ zI[ ey[ srkfr vyly sMivDfn dI 97vIN soD rfhIN sMsd aqy rfjF dIaF ivDfn sBfvF dI igxqI dy isrP 15 pRqIsLq qwk mMqrI mMzl sImq kr idwqf. Aus smyN 7 julfeI, 2003 qwk sfry rfjF ivc krIb 250 mMqrIaF dI CuwtI kIqI. ievyN srkfrI KjLfny dI sflfnf 250 kroV dI bwcq Aus smyN kIqI geI. lyikn Dn, cODr aqy KuwlHy iBRsLtfcfr Kfqr rfjF ivc pfrlImfnI aqy muwK pfrlImfnI skwqrF vjoN ivDfiekF dI hyV swqfDfrI rfjnIqk pfrtIaF aqy muwK mMqrIaF vwloN BrqI krnI sLurU kr idwqI. ievyN afpy pfs kIqy kfnUMn nUM afpy ivDfn pflkf vwloN qoiVaf igaf. ies krky BfrqI sFsd aqy ivDfiek lfa mykrjL afr ibgYswt lfa brykrjL vjoN ivsLv Br ivc bdnfm hoey hn. ienHF ny lokqMqr dIaF mhfn sMsQfvF df mihjL Dn, iBRsLtfcfr aqy kunbfpRvrI Kfqr jlUs kwZ rwiKaf hY.

     swqfDfrI pfrtIaF dy mMqrIaF, muwK mMqrIaF, cyarmYnF, sFsdF aqy ivDfnkfrF dy sMivDfn anusfr ivsLysL aiDkfrF df aprfDIkrn qyjLI nfl vwD irhf hY. dysL aMdr aYsI ivvsQf kuJ hwQF ivc swqf, rfjnIqk sLkqI aqy Dn iekwqr kr rhI hY. dysL afjLfdI smyN btvfry bfad Bfrq dI abfdI 33 kroV rsI. pr awj ies qoN vwD 40 kroV lok grIbI dI ryKf hyT ijAux leI mjbUr hn, 35 kroV anpVH hn aqy dunIaf aMdr sB qoN vwzI byrujLgfrF dI POj Bfrq ivc hY. sfzy ivDfiekF, sFsdF aqy rfjnIqk pfrtIaF df cirwqr aqy ikrdfr eynf GtIaf irhf hY ik ienHF ny coxF smyN lokF nfl kIqy vfady qF kI pUry krny sn, sMivDfn rfhIN kOm nfl kIqy vfaidaF nUM lgfqfr afpxy inwjI, sOVy isafsI aqy kunbfpRvrI ihwqF dI ipwT idwqI hY.

     lokqMqr aqy arQivvsQf ivc aYny pycIdgI Bry ivgfV pYdf kr idwqy hn. jo iksy jLbrdsq ienklfbI plty bgYr suDfry nhIN jf skdy. ies dI puKqf imsfl ieh hY ik mrhUm pRDfn mMqrI sRI rfjIv gFDI ny mMinaf sI ik ies dysL dy ivkfs leI jfrI hr iek rupey ivwcoN isrP 15 pYsy hI Krc huMdy hn, bfkI rfjnIqIvfn, aPsrsLfhI ivcoly iBRsLtfcfr rfhIN hVwp jFdy hn. lyikn mOjUdf rfjsI aqy arQivvsQf ivc lfcfr sRI rfjIv gFDI kI ajy qwk Aus dy 7 AuqrfiDkfrI pRDfn mMqrIaF ivwcoN koeI vI aYsI luwt rok nhIN sikaf. Aultf ieh ivvsQf hor invfxf CUMhdI jf rhI hY.

 


coxF dOrfn vwKry sMivDfink rfjpRbMD dI loV

-drbfrf isMG kfhloN

          coxF lokqMqr ivvsQf dI cfbI hn jdik kfnUMn df rfj ies df pihrydfr aKvfAuNdf hY. sfzy sMivDfn dy 15vyN Bfg `c Dfrf 324 qoN 329 anusfr srvjn bflg mwq aiDkfr aqy afm vot sUcI dy afDfr `qy lok sBf aqy rfjF dIaF ivDfn sBfvF coxF dy sMcfln dI ijLMmyvfrI cox kimsLn nUM sONpI hY jo iek KudmuKqfr sMsQf df ruqbf rwKdf hY. sMivDfn anusfr cox kimsLn df muwK PrjL iehI hY ik lokqMqrI ivvsQf nUM mjLbUq krn leI hr pwDr `qy coxF kfnUMnI ivvsQf anusfr ajLfdfnf aqy munsPfnf ZMg nfl krfeIaF jfx.

          lyikn dysL aMdr pihlIaF afm coxF dOrfn hI Dn dI kuvrqoN qoN kFgrs aqy dUusrIaF rfjnIqk pfrtIaF nUM afgfh kridaF 25 jnvrI, 1952 nUM pihly pRDfn mMqrI pMzq jvfhr lfl nihrU ny ikhf sI, mYnUM afs hY ik qusIN aqy dUsry cox Krcy bfry jLrUrI kfiedy-kfnUMn Xfd rwKogy. ies sMbMDI jLrUrI ihsfb-ikqfb rwKxf cfhIdf hY. AunHF ny gRih ivBfg nUM iek ivsLysL pwqr rfhIN coxF Gwto-Gwt KLrcy rfhIN krn dI qMbIh vI kIqI. lyikn isqm dI gwl ieh rhI ik AunHF dy aiq krIbI sfQI sRI bIjU ptnfiek ny sMn 1961 ivc AuVIsf aMdr coxF smyN Dn dI kuvrqoN AunHF dy pRDfn mMqrI dy huMdy hI kIqI. sMn 1956 ivc vwzIaF-vwzIaF kMpnIaF vwloN rfjnIqk pfrtIaF nUM cox PMz dyx bfry itwpxI kridaF cIP jsits aYWm[ sI[ Cfglf ny ikhf sI ik coxF ivc rfjnIqk pfrtIaF nUM PMz dyx dI ivvsQf lokqMqr nUM klMikq kr dyvygI aqy lokqMqrI sMsQfvF nUM kmjLor kr dyvygI. lyikn ienHF mhfn sLKLsIaqF dIaF icqfvnIaF nUM swqf aqy Dn dy lflc Kfqr iksy ny nf gOilaf.

          sRImqI ieMdrf gFDI kfl smyN kFgrs kMpnI PMzF jF ivdysLI PMzF blbUqy coxF ijwqdI rhI jdik sRI rfjIv gFDI kfl smyN dysL-ivdysL aMdr srkfrI sOidaF ivwcoN kimsLn lYx dI ivvsQf nfl coxF lVnIaF sLurU hoeIaF. bs! vyKidaF-vyKidaF sB rfjnIqk pfrtIaF ny coxF ijwqx leI kfly Dn, irsLvqKorI, aprfDIkrn dI rfjnIqI, bfhuUbl, cox bUQF `qy kbjLf krn, votrF nUM qrHF-qrHF dy pRloBn aqy irsLvqF dyx, ihMsf dI vrqoN, mfPIaf grohF dI vrqoN, pRsLfsink aiDkfrIaF aqy krmcfrIaF dI swqfDfrI pfrtI jF gwTjoV vwloN vrqoN krnI sLurU kr idwqI. awj hflq ieh hY ik coxF ivc Dn, nisLaF, bfhUbl, pRsLfsn dI kuvrqoN pMcfieq pwDr qoN hI sLurU ho cuwkI hY. ies kurwpt, ihMsk, bfhUblI aqy gYr-sMivDfnk cox isstm ny ies dysL dy afm sLihrI aqy Aus dy jIvn nUM irsLvqKorI df iek aMg bxf rwiKaf hY ijs ivc hr ivakqI sLfiml hY. cox kimsLn sMsQf isrPL kMm clfAux qwk sImq hY. hr pwDr `qy ajLfdfnf-munsPfnf coxF krfAux ivc iblkul asPl hY.

          hr pwDr `qy coxF vyly swqfDfrI pfrtI jF gwTjoV pRsLfsn, Dn, bfhUbl, rfjnIqk aprf-DIkrn, nisLaF, votr sUcIaF ivc hyrf-PyrI, jfalI votF dI kuvrqoN krdy hn. pMjfb ivc mnIpur aqy AuqrfKMz rfjF nfl coxF hox jf rhIaF hn. pMjfb `c ivDfn sBf leI 13 PrvrI, 07 nUMU votF pYxgIaF. ienHF coxF ivc muwK qOr `qy muwK mMqrI kFgrs pfrtI kYptn amirMdr isMG aqy sLoRmxI akflI dl suprImo pRkfsL isMG bfdl df BivwK dfa `qy lwgf hoieaf hY. dovyN inwjI ivroD krky vI ieh coxF hr hflq ivc ijwqxf cfhuMdy hn. iek injI srvyKx anusfr ienHF pMjfb ivDfn sBf coxF ivc 1,000 hjLfr kroV rupey KLrc afAuxgy. kuJ hlikaF ivc akflI-Bfjpf aqy kFgrs AumIdvfr vwKo-vwK 5-5 kroV rupey KLrc krngy. dUsrIaF pfrtIaF dy AumIdvfr aqy cox kimsLn df Krcf vwKrf hovygf. hux dwso! ivDfn sBf hlky ivc pRqI AumIdvfr cox KLrcy dI hwd cox kimsLn vwloN jo 10 lwK rwKI geI hY, Aus `qy Blf kOx aml krU aqy kOx aml krfeygf?

          cox kimsLn vwloN vwK-vwK rfjF ivc jdoN cox pRogrfm lIk ho jFdf hY qF cox pRogrfm lIk ho jFdf hY qF cox jLfbqf lwgx qoN pihlF swqfDfrI pfrtI anyk qrHF dy lok luBfAU pRogrfmF df aYlfn, grFtF df ivqrx, mncfhIaF bdlIaF, BrqIaF aqy qrwkIaF krdI hY. pMjfb dy muwK mMqrI amirMdr isMG nUM ies vfr coxF dIaF qfrIKF pqf lwg jfx `qy AunHF ieMj hI kIqf. rfj ivc pihlI vfr pulIs muKI ny pulIs drbfr df afXojn kIqf ijs dI pRDfngI muwK mMqrI ny kridaF pulIs nUM cox pRikiraf vyly afpxy hwk ivc krn leI anyk shUlqF aqy PMzF df aYlfn kIqf. zI[ jI[ pI[, ey[ zI[ jI[ pI[, afeI[ jI[ aqy zI[ afeI[ jI[ rYNk dy aiDkfrIaF dIaF qrwkIaF afKrI smyN ivc vfrI qoN pihlF kIqIaF.

          ipCly 4-5 mhIinaF qoN pMjfb isvl skwqryq ivc AuWlU bol rhy hn. muwK mMqrI, mMqrI, pfrlImfnI skwqr aqy AuWc aPLsr ivkfs Xfqrf, rYlIaF, lokF nUM grFtF vMzx aqy lok-luBfAU nfary dyx leI pMjfb jF afpo-afpxy hlikaF ivc qury iPrdy hn. cox jLfbqf lwgx `qy keI bcy-Kucy kMm ipClIaF qfrIKF pf ky kIqy gey. votr sUcIaF ivc hyrf-PyrI dy dosL hn. ies vfr ipClIaF coxF nfloN Gwt Bfv iek kroV, 69 lwK votrF df nF votr sUcI ivc drj hY. swqfDfrI mMqrIaF aqy ivDfiekF ny grIb lokF nUM vot pfAux qoN rokx leI ies vfr pCfx kfrz hI KrIdy ky jyb ivc pf rwKy hn ijs df vwzy pwDr `qy ieMksLfP kfhnUvfn (gurdfspur) hlky dy akflI AumIdvfr sfbkf mfl mMqrI jQydfr syvf isMG syKvf ny kIqf hY.

          aMimRqsr ijLlHy aMdr hlkf mjITf qoN sLoRmxI akflI dl dy AumIdvfr sRI ibkrmjIq isMG mjITIaf anusfr hlky aMdr lgfqfr ipClIaF qfrIKF vfly cYWk vMzy jf rhy hn, ievyN ipClIaF qfrIKF pf ky ivkfs kfrj afrMBy jf rhy hn. sB qoN mfVI gwl ik swqfDfrI kFgrs pfrtI ipMzF ivc guV dI vwzy pwDr `qy splfeI aqy hor loVINdf sfmfn muhweIaf krvf ky jrfiem pysLf lokF qoN dysI sLrfb kwZvf rhI hY. pulIs aqy pRsLfsn mOn DfrI bYTy hn. cox kimsLn dI pslI `c jfn hI nhIN ik pMjfb dy hr ipMz ivc kwZI jf rhI nfjfiejL dysI sLrfb bMd krvfey jo coxF dOrfn 6vyN diraf vjoN vg rhI hY. ies vfr AumIdvfr smYk aqy nsLIly kYpsUl vI vMz rhy hn.

          Bfrq rfj df nIqI mMqr hY sqXfmyv jXqy Bfv hmysLf swcfeI dI ijwq huMdI hY. pr ies dysL aMdr sMsQf afpxf kMm JUT aqy jnqf nUM hnyry ivc rwK ky hI sLurU krdI hY. mwQy `qy lMbf sfrf iqlk drsfAuNdy Bfrq dy muwK cox kimsLnr sRI aYWn[ gopflfsvfmI aqy cox kimsLnr sRI[ aYWs[ vfeI[ kurYsLI pMjfb dy dOry `qy afey. cox pRikiraf dI cfdr nUM sIAuNdy-proNdy rfj aMdr ajLfdfnf aqy munsPfnf coxF krfAux dy dmgjy mfrdy cwldy bxy. kuJ aPLsr iewDr-AuWDr krdy aOh gey. pr hirafxf coxF smyN ijvyN kFgrs pfrtI dI isLkfieq `qy zI[ jI[ pI[ milk bdl idwqy gey sn, akflI-Bfjpf gwTjoV dI isLkfieq `qy zI[ jI[ pI[ pMjfb ivrk bdl idwqy gey. ieQy hI bws nhIN, mflyrkotlf qoN kFgrs AumIdvfr bIbI rjLIaf sulqfnf dy afeI[ jI[ sLOhr vI nhIN bdly.

          lok swqf anusfr sMn 1999 dIaF aFDrf ivDfn sBf coxF ivc 600 kroV rupey Krcy gey sn. lok sBf coxF ivc 2500 kroV. kuJ ivDfn sBf hlikaF ivc ZfeI-ZfeI kroV aqy lok sBf hlikaF ivc 5-5 kroV Krcy gey. ivDfn sBf hlikaF ivc votF KrIdx leI 50 qoN 500 rupey pRqI votr krIb 50,000 votrF nUM nkd vMzy. sLrfb aqy KrId kUpn vwKry. ijwq jfx dI gfrMtI Pyr vI nhIN sI. ies gYr-kfnUMnI Krcy aqy gYr-kfnUMnI iekwqr Dn ivruwD cox kimsLn ny koeI aYksLn nf ilaf.

          ies srvyKx anusfr aFDrf pRdysL aMdr 600 kroV coxF `qy Krcx vfly AumIdvfrF ny bdly ivc 10 guxF Bfv 6,000 kroV agly 5 sflF ivc iekwqr krn df tIcf imiQaf. swqfDfrI nyqf nfl krIb iqMn hjLfr krmcfrI sMbMDq huMdy hn. irsLvq rfhIN 20 guxF Dn btordy hn jo hyTF qoN AuWpr qwk vMzI df clf jFdf hY. Bfv 5 sflF `c iek lwK, 20 hjLfr rupey. jnm srtIiPkyt, skUl-kflj Cwzx dy srtIiPkyt, rfsLn kfrz, pIlf kfrz, mkfn df nksLf, zrfeIivMg lfeIsYNs, sLnfKqI kfrz bxfAux, ibjlI-pfxI df kunYksLn, pulIs kol irport ilKfAux, gYs jF kuJ hor cIjLF KrIdx afid `qy irsLvq dyxI pYNdI hY. smyN isr jo nf dyvygf Aus nUM irsLvq dyx dy Dn nfloN 10 guxF nuksfn AuTfAuxf pvygf. smyN dI brbfdI vwKrI. ieh irsLvq df sfrf cwkr `cox Krcy dI dyx hY. nOkrI, bdlI, qrwkI, TykydfrI leI qF irsLvq df lyKf hI nhIN.

          ies krky sfbkf muwK cox kimsLnr sRI aYWm[ aYWs[ igwl ny rfjF aMdr coxF qoN 6 hPLqy pihlF muwK mMqrIaF vwloN ahudf iqafg dyx df suJfa idwqf sI qF ik lokqMqr dy shI ivkfs leI coxF ajLfdfnf aqy munsPfnf ZMg nfl ho skx. ievyN mMqrI mMzl dI QF nvF muwK mMqrI bxn qwk gvrnr srkfr clfeygf. jykr kyNdr aMdr rfj nfl sMMbMDq gvrnr jF muwK mMqrI dI pfrtI df sLfsn hovy qF cox kimsLn Aus (gvrnr) nfl do jF iqMn inrpwK slfhkfr inXukq kr dyvy qF ik gvrnr koeI pwKpfq nf kr sky. aprfDI jF aprfDI irkfrz rwKx vfly ivakqI nUM cox lVn dI iejfjLq iksy vI kImq `qy nhIN dyxI cfhIdI. nkdI, nisLaF, bfhUubl, ihMsf, hyrf-PyrI, jnqf nUM lok luBfAU pRogrfm dyx dI iejfjLq nhIN dyxI cfhIdI. dysL dI qrwkI, KusLhflI, ivafpk snaqIkrn, rujLgfr, kflfbjLfrI aqy irsLvqKorI rokx, vDIaf aqy iemfndfr ivDfnkfrF aqy sFsdF dI cox leI coxF smyN vwKry sMivDfnk rfj pRbMD dI POrI loV hY. aYsf pRbMD mlysLIaf, bMglfdysL aqy kuJ hor dysLF ivc lfgU hY. pMjfb ivc jy 1,000 kroV rupey dy KLrc dI coxF vyly iejfjLq idwqI geI qF smJo agly 5 sflF ivc sB ivDfiek smyq swqfDfrIaF dy 2,00,000 kroV pMjfbIaF dIaF jybF ivwcoN pRsLfsink aiDkfrIaF, krmcfrIaF, TykydfrF aqy lwTmfrF nfl iml ky btorngy.

22 jnvrI 2007

 


pMjfb ivDfn sBf coxF `c asl muwdf ivkfs nhIN dfl-rotI hY

-drbfrf isMG kfhloN

          mogf ivKy akflI-Bfjpf gTjoV dI sFJI ivsLfl ieiqhfsk rYlI ivc sfbkf muwK mMqrI aqy sLoRmxI akflI dl (b) dy suprImo s[ pRkfsL isMG bfdl ny rfj aMdr lwk-qoVvIN mihMgfeI qoN awky lokF df asl duwKVf Bfl lYNidaF AunHF dI srkfr PrvrI-2007 ivDfn sBf coxF bfad bxn dI sUrq ivc dilq aqy grIb lokF nUM 4 rupey iklo aftf, 20 rupey iklo dflF qy iksfnI leI muPLq bImf shUulqF muhweIaf krn df aYlfn kr idwqf. ies aYlfn ny s[ bfdl dy ipMz bfdl ijLlHf mukqsr ivKy iek sPLl qy ivsLfl rYlI ivkfs dy muwdy `qy krky afey muwK mMqrI kYptn amirMdr isMG, AunHF dy mMqrIaF, pMjfb pRdysL kFgrs kmytI dy pRDfn s[ sLmsLyr isMG dUlo qy hor afgUaF jo afpxI rYlI dI sPlqf `qy kwCF vjf rhy sn, dy ichry pIly jrd krky rwK idwqy. pMjfb aMdr ivkfs qy KusLhflI pYdf krn dy muwdy `qy ivkfs Xfqrf leI inkly muwK mMqrI kYptn amirMdr isMG aMdrKfqy eyny Gbrfey qy pRysLfn njLr afey ik ijvyN AunHF nUM kuJ suJ hI nf irhf hovy.

          bgYr zUMGI soc-ivcfr dy isrP akflI dl dy suprImo qoN muwdf Kohx leI mogf rYlI qoN iqMn idnF bfad afpxI ivkfs XfqrF dy qIsry dOr smyN AunHF ny grIb qy dilq vrgF nUM smyq Bfa aftf qy dflF dyx, grIbI dI ryKf qoN hyTF jIvn bsr kr rhy 4,45,000 pirvfrF nUM sMjIvnI hYlQ kyar Xojnf hyT srkfrI Krcy qy ilafAux dy aYlfn kIqy. grIbI dI ryKf qoN hyTF rihMdy lokF nUM 4 rupey 55 pYsy aftf qy 6 rupey 12 pYsy cfvl pRqI iklo, aMnqoidaf aMn Xojnf hyT afAuNdy 1,36,000 lokF nUM 2-2 rupey iklo aftf-cfvl idwqy jfxgy. hr mhIny 1000 tn dflF bfjLfr ivcoN KrId ky srkfr KpqkfrF nUM 20 pRqIsLq sbiszI `qy muhweIaf krvf dyvygI. qyjLI nfl aYlfn kIqI aYsI smuwcI kvfied rfhIN kYptn srkfr ny icwty idn ies hkIkq nUM qslIm kr ilaf ik lgfqfr vwDdI mihMgfeI qy byrojLgfrI dy nfl-nfl pMjfb dy lokF dI muwK smwisaf do vkq dI dfl-rotI hY.

          pMjfb ivDfn sBf coxF nUM mwdynjLr rwKidaF rfj aMdr qrwkI qy KusLhflI dy guxgfn krdI, tI[ vI[ cYnlF qy sI[ zIaF rfhIN ies dIaF GoVIaF rfq-idn gfAux df pRbMD krdI muwK mMqrI dI ivkfs Xfqrf smyN pMjfb aMdr kMgflI, BuwKmrI qy byrujLgfrI dI dfsqF pRcMz krn vflf dfl-rotI df muwdf ies ivkfs Xfqrf dy muwdy nUM lY zuwbf hY.

          PrvrI, 2002 dIaF ivDfn sBf coxF ivc kFgrs pfrtI ny jo vfady kIqy sn, swqf ivc afAux qoN bfad AunHF qoN muwkr geI. iksfnF nUM muPLq ibjlI qy pfxI dyx df vfadf kIqf sI pr lfguU sfZy iqMn sfl bfad kIqf. Jony `qy 30 rupey pRqI kuieMtl bons ivwcoN 20 rupey ajy qwk nhIN idwqy, pMj sfl bIq gey hn. hr dilq qy grIb pirvfr ivwcoN iek ivakqI nUM nOkrI dyx dy vfady nUM puUrf nhIN kIqf. mulfjLmF nUM 4-9-14 sfl dI syvf bfad gRyz dyx dI QF iek-iek qrwkI dy ky Twgx dI nIqI apxfeI, ijs qoN Auh nfrfjL qy inrfsL hn. nOkrIaF dyx dI QF vwK-vwK ivBfgF ivcoN 90 hjLfr postF KLqm kr idwqIaF.

          awj pMjfb ivc 40 lwK byrujLgfr nOjvfnF dI PLOj hrl-hrl iPr rhI hY. iBRsLtfcfr KLqm krn df sMklp jo kYptn srkfr ny kIqf sI, Aultf Kud Aus dI lpyt ivc gl-gl zuwb geI. kYptn sfihb lokF dy mnF ivc afpxI BrosyXogqf pYdf nhIN kr sky. Aultf mMgF leI ivroD pRdrsLn krn vfly hr vrg nUM kutfpf cfiVHaf.

          pMjfb dy buwDIjIvI, rfjnIqk qOr `qy jfgrUk qy isafxy lok kYptn amirMdr isMG vwloN BivwKI ivDfn sBf coxF krky sLurU kIqI ivkfs Xfqrf dI qulnf sMn 2004 ivc lok sBf coxF vyly BfrqI jnqf pfrtI vwloN PIl guwz qy ieMzIaf sLfeIinMg nfairaF rfhIN clfeI muihMm nfl krdy hn. kYptn amirMdr isMG dI ivkfs Xfqrf vyKo! coxF vyly kI gul iKlfAuNdI hY?

6 jnvrI 2007

 


pMjfb kFgrs afgUaF dI rwsfksLI

-drbfrf isMG kfhloN

          pMjfb kFgrs kmytI dy mfmilaF dy ieMcfrj sRI jnfrDn idvydI ny pfrtI mfmilaF `c sMquln rwKidaF spwsLt kr idwqf sI ik rfj `c BivwKI ivDfn sBf coxF muwK mMqrI kYptn amirMdr isMG aqy pfrtI pRDfn s[ sLmsLyr isMG dUlo dI jLMumyvfrI hyT sFJI lIzrisLp dI agvfeI `c lVIaF jfxgIaF. lyikn ies nUM kYptn sfihb ny idloN kdy vI nf svIkfiraf. AunHF afpxI mnmrjLI nfl pRdysLk jF rfsLtrI pwDr `qy pfrtI ahudydfrF dI slfh bgYr kroV rupey dI lfgq vflf roz sLoa rQ idwlI qoN iqafr krvf ilaf ijs `qy lMGy 24 akqUbr nUM muwK mMqrI vwloN pMjfb dy roz sLoa `qy inklx dI iqafrI sI. ieh pRogrfm sLoRmxI akflI dl vwloN 16 akqUbr nUM krvfeI geI cMzIgVH rYlI snmuK nv-Xojnf AulIkx bhfny mulqvI kr idwqf igaf. dUsry pfsy s[ dUlo ny afpxI siQqI mjLbUq krn leI kYptn ivroDI jgmIq brfV DVy nUM pfrtI sMgTn `c vwzy ahuidaF nfl invfijaf.

          hkIkq `c ieh roz sLoa pfrtI aMdr muwK mMqrI aqy pRdysL kFgrs pRDfn aMdr iqwKI ho rhI rwsfksLI krky mulqvI kIqf igaf. ies bfry jdoN kuJ pwqrkfrF ny iek rYlI dOrfn pRDfn s[ dUlo nUM puwiCaf qF AunHF sfP ikhf ik AunHF nUM nf qF roz sLoa rQ aqy nf hI roz sLoa df koeI ielm hY. Auh qF pMjfb pRdysL kFgrs kmytI vwloN iek jn sMprk pRogrfm rfj dy vwK-vwK BfgF, blfkF `c krn jf rhy hn. dUsry pfsy ivsLvkrmf idvs `qy iek pRogrfm AuprMq muwK mMqrI ny duhrfieaf ik Auh kFgrs jn-sMprk muihMm bfad 14 nvMbr mgroN roz sLoa krngy. pihlF AunHF pRDfn dUlo nfl slfh-msLvry anusfr blfk pwDr dIaF rYlIaF krn df pRogrfm qYh kIqf hY.

          dohF pRmuwK nyqfvF dy mqByd, jo coxF qoN aYn pihlF AuBr ky afey hn, kFgrs pfrtI leI sLuB sMkyq nhIN hn. sMn 2004 `c lok sBf coxF dy aYn pihlF vI pRdysL kFgrs aMqr-klHf df isLkfr sI. Aus smyN Aup muwK mMqrI bIbI rfijMdr kOr BwTl dI agvfeI `c kFgrs ivDfnkfr gruwp dy mYNbrF amirMdr bcfE jF kFgrs bcfE muihMm ivwZ ky idwlI ivKy jf zyry lfey sn. kFgrs hfeI kmFz ny AudoN lokqMqrI kdrF-kImqF dy Ault smJOqf krvf idwqf sI. pr ijvyN akflI-Bfjpf gwTjoV hwQoN rfj `c lok sBf coxF `c kFgrs hfrI Aus qoN vI kYptn sfihb aqy pfrtI ny koeI sbk nhIN iswiKaf. ies hfr AuprMq hI s[ dUlo nUM hfeI kmFz ny pfrtI pRDfn vjoN awgy ilaFdf sI pr siQqI sulJx dI QF AulJdI clI geI.

          ies vkq kYptn amirMdr isMG aqy s[ dUlo ivckfr BfrI mqByd vfly muwK muwidaF `coN iek muwdf hY-rfj aMdr tksflI kFgrsIaf nUM muV qoN iewkjuwt krky pfrtI nUM mjLbUq krnf aqy isr `qy afeIaF coxF `c AunHF nUM pfrtI itktF dyxf. awqvfd smyN bhuq sfry tksflI kFgrs vrkr mfr idwqy gey qy hornF ny pfrtI sMgTn `qy kbjLf kr ilaf. Kud s[ amirMdr isMG vI iesy dOr dI kFgrs nUM dyx hn. mrhUm sRI rfjIv gFDI dy sihpfTI hox krky Auh kFgrs `c afey. sMn 1980 `c lok sBf coxF `c kFgrs dI itkt `qy sMsd mYNbr bxy. nIlf qfrf aprysLn-1984 dy ivroD `c kFgrs Cwz ky akflI dl `c jf vVy. 1985 `c s[ surjIq isMG brnflf dI inrol akflI srkfr `c KyqI mMqrI rhy. pr 1997 `c s[ pRkfsL isMG bfdl vwloN ivDfn sBf coxF vyly pfrtI itkt nf dyx `qy kuJ smF bfad muV tpUsI mfr ky kFgrs `c jf rly aqy pMjfb pRdysL kFgrs kmytI dy pRDfn vjoN invfjy gey. AunHF df mq hY ik AunHF vFg hux vI akflI dl `coN inkl ky kFgrs `c rly akflI afgUaF nUM kFgrs pfrtI ahudy aqy ivDfn sBf coxF `c itktF pRdfn kry. pr s[ dUlo ies df ivroD krdy hn. ivvhfrk aqy isDFqk qOr `qy s[ dUlo df pwK mjLbUq hY. Auh pfrtI nUM bfhrI nyqfvF hwQ Xrgmfl nhIN bxn dyxf cfhuMdy.

          2004 `c Bfjpf vwloN Bfrq AudY aqy KusLnumf aihsfs dy roz sLoa dysL Br `c kIqy gey. pr vwzy-vwzy ivkfs dfivaF, arbF rupieaF dy iesLiqhfrF aqy mltI mIzIaf muihMm dy bfvjUd Auh burI qrHF hfrI. hux kYptn sfihb AuvyN hI vwzy-vwzy ivkfs dfivaF, iesLiqhfrF aqy mltI mIzIaf muihMm nfl roz sLoa krn `qy bijLd hn jd ik AunHF nUM hr rYlI `c iksfnF, byrujLgfrF, qknIsLIanF, aiDafpkF, krmcfrIaF, Kyq mjLdUrF dy iqwKy ivroD df isLkfr hoxf pY irhf hY. vYsy vI AunHF afpxI srdfrI Kfqr sfrIaF isafsI gqIivDIaF pfrtI pRDfn dI sLmUlIaq df koeI pRogrfm nhIN AulIikaf. hflFik hfeI kmFz df inrdysL hY ik AunHF dI sFJI lIzrisLp qihq coxF lVIaF jfxgIaF.

          jykr afAux vfly idnF `c rfj aMdr ienHF dohF nyqfvF ny afpxy mdByd dUr nf kIqy jF hfeI kmFz ny aijhf krn leI qurMq kfrvfeI nf kIqI qF insLicq qOr `qy kFgrs dI cox muihMm pRBfvq hovygI, pfrtI do KyimaF `c vMzI jfvygI ijs dy iswty coxF dy nqIijaF smyN Bugqxy pYxgy.

 


cMzIgVH vflI akflI-Bfjpf rYlI dy pMjfb dI rfjnIqI `qy pRBfv

-drbfrf isMG kfhloN

          BfrqI rfjnIqI df kOVf swc aiq-afDuink iewkIvIN sdI ivc ipRMt aqy ielYktRfink mIzIey dI ivsLfl hoNd dy bfvjuUd sQfpq hY ik ies aMdr vwK-vwK rfjnIqk pfrtIaF aqy gTjoVF vwloN afpxI rfjnIqk sLkqI df pRdrsLn krn leI vwzIaF-vwzIaF jnqk rYlIaF df shfrf ilaf jFdf hY.

          pMjfb aMdr ivDfn sBf coxF qoN cfr mhIny pihlF sLoRmxI akflI dl-BfrqI jnqf pfrtI gTjoV `qy afDfrq muwK ivroDI iDr ny ipCly idnIN cMzIgVH dy kutfpf cONk vjoN bdnfm mtkf cONk ivKy iek ivsLfl rYlI rfhIN lfimsfl rfjnIqk sLkqI df pRdrsLn df mujLfhrf kIqf ijs ivc krIb zyZ lwK akflI-Bfjpf vrkrF, iksfnF, nOjvfnF ny Bfg ilaf. Bfjpf dI ingUxI sLmUlIaq qoN ies ivsLfl rYlI qoN rfjnIqk pMizq ieho iswtf kwZ rhy sn ik pMjfb ivc asl ivroDI sLkqI ies smyN sLoRmxI akflI dl hY ijsdy smrQk vrkrF dIaF nIlIaF-pIlIaF pwgF aqy bIbIaF dIaF cuMnIaF ny krIb 8 GMty cMzIgVH sLihr nUM afpxy rMg ivc rMg ilaf. rYlI dI ivsLflqf aqy jfho-jlfl ny ipCly pOxy pMj sflF qoN rfj ivc sLfsn kr rhI kYptn amirMdr isMG dI kFgrs srkfr dy iek vfr cox-dMgl qoN pihlF hI BfvNy ihlf ky rwK idwqy hn.

          ies sLkqI pRdrsLn rYlI ny pMjfb dI BivwKI rfjnIqI aqy cox pRikRaf `qy vwzy pRBfv Cwzy hn. ies dy mfiDam rfhIN akflI-Bfjpf dI isrmOr sUbfeI lIzrisLp dy pUrn iekjuwtqf df mujLfhrf kridaF ivDfn sBf coxF df ibgul vjf idwqf. smUh iekwqr ivDfiekF, ijlHF jQydfrF, srkl pRDfnF, BrfqrI nOjvfn, ividafrQI, iesqrI ivMgF, krmcfrI iksfn-Kyq mjLdUr jQybMdIaF nUM afgfmI coxF ivc swqf hfisl krn dy mMqv nfl juJfrU rUp nfl kuwdx leI spwsLt sMdysL idwqf.

          ies rYlI ivc sLoRmxI akflI dl dy suKrImo aqy iqMn vfr pMjfb dy muwK mMqrI rhy s[ pRkfsL isMG bfdl ny muwK mMqrI kYptn amirMdr isMG dy nfl hI pRDfn mMqrI zf[ mnmohn isMG nUM afpxI aflocnf df insLfnf bxfieaf. kYptn amirMdr srkfr nUM iksfn ivroDI, lok ivroDI, lfTI-golI vflI kutfpf srkfr vjoN bdnfm srkfr grdfinaf. irlfieMs kMpnI dy hwQ cVH ky 16000 kroV nfl lgfeI biTMzf qyl irPfienrI bMd krfAux df dosLI Tihrfieaf, byrujLgfrI PLYlfAux aqy dilq vrg nUM njLr aMdfjL krn vflI srkfr dwisaf.

          kyNdr aMdr zf[ mnmohn isMG dI srkfr dy pMjfb ivroDI vqIry krky pRDfn mMqrI nUM dUsry pMjfb ivroDI rhy pRDfn mMqrIaF dI kqfr ivc ilaf KVHy kIqf.

          ies rYlI ivc smuwcI akflI-Bfjpf lIzrisLp ny aglIaF ivDfn sBf coxF bjLurg, AudfrvfdI aqy qjrbykfr isafsqdfn s[ pRkfsL isMG bfdl dI agvfeI hyT lVn aqy AunHF nUM afpxy gTjoV dy muwK mMqrI ahudy dy AumIdvfr vjoN aYlfn kIqf. kFgrs pfrtI hfeI kmFz ny aglIaF coxF muwK mMqrI kYptn amirMdr isMG aqy pRdysL kFgrs kmytI dy pRDfn s[ sLmsLyr isMG dUlo dI smUihk lIzrisLp aDIn krfAux df aYlfn kIqf hY. BivwK ivc jy kFgrs pfrtI coxF ijwqdI hY qF kOx muwK mMqrI bxygf, ies df PLYslf kFgrs ivDfnkfr pfrtI `qy Cwz dyx dy Zuwcr hyT afp krn df aiDkfr rfKvF rwK ilaf hY. ies nfl rfj ivc pfrtI aMdr DVybMdI aqy muwK mMqrI dy ahudy leI dOV kfiem rwKI hY. ieh sLuB sMkyq nhIN.

          sLoRmxI akflI dl dy jnrl skwqr kYptn kMvljIq isMG ny ies ivsLfl rYlI nUM pMjfb ivc rfjnIqk qOr `qy bdlI iPjLf df nfm idwqf jo swqf pirvrqn df spwsLt sMkyq hY, ijs dy blbUqy akflI-Bfjpf gTjoV aglIaF coxF ivc ivDfn sBf `qy pUrn kMtRol krky swqf sMBfl lvygf.

          ihmfcl pRdysL dy sfbkf muwK mMqrI sRI pRym kumfr DURml ny ijQy s[ pRkfsL isMG bfdl nUM pMjfb df byqfj bfdsLfh grdfinaf AuQy hI zf[ mnmohn isMG dI agvfeI vflI kyNdr srkfr nUM ivdysLF qoN kxk mihMgy Bfa KrIdx vflI kmIsLn KfxI srkfr dwiosaf. mYNbr pfrlImYNt akflI nyqf s[ suKdyv isMG ZINZsf ny kYptn srkfr nUM jfbr, DoKybfjL aqy JUTI kihMdy hoey clidaF krn leI ikhf.

          ies rYlI dI ivlwKxqf ieh rhI ik ies sLoRmxI akflI dl dy jnrl skwqr dy XUQ afgU suKbIr isMG bfdl pMjfb dI rfjnIqI aMdr iek cVHdy sUrj vjoN AuWBry. ies rYlI dy Dury vjoN kMm krn krky sfry akflI aqy Bfjpf nyqfvF ny AunHF dI sMBfvI rfjnIqk smrwQf dI dfd idwqI. s[ pRkfsL isMG bfdl ny suKbIr dI prK krn leI hI ies rYlI df cfrj Aus nUM idwqf sI. suKbIr bfdl ny kYptn amirMdr isMG dI srkfr nUM GotfilaF BrI iBRsLt srkfr, afpo-afpxy hwkF leI sMGrsL krdy vwK-vwK vrgF dy lokF nUM kuwtx aqy luwtx vflI srkfr, afriQk dUr-idRsLtI qoN rihq srkfr drsfAuNidaF cwldf krn df ibgul vjf idwqf. rYlI ivc sLfml vwzI igxqI ivc nOjvfnF ny Aus dy ibgul `qy cox mYdfn ivc jyqU ispfhIaF vjoN kuwdx df huMgfrf Biraf. suKbIr bfdl ny nOjvfnF leI rojLgfr aqy hor sMbMDq smwisafvF dy hwl leI XUQ ivkfs borz kfiem krn qy iksfnF nUM ibjlI, pfxI muPLq dyx df aYlfn vI kIqf jykr akflI-Bfjpf gTjoV swqf ivc afAuNdf hY.

          BfrqI rfjnIqI dIaF burfeIaF ivcoN sB qoN vwzI burfeI rfjnIqk kuxbfpRsqI hY. sfzy sfhmxy do invyklIaF imsflF afeIaF hn, ijQy iksy pirvfr dy nOjvfn afgU afpxI imhnq, lgn aqy idlcspI krky awgy afey hn. pihlI imsfl qfimlnfzU ivc muwK mMqrI kruxfinDI dy puwqr stfiln dI hY aqy dUsrI akflI dl dy suprImo aqy sfbkf muwK mMqrI s[ pRkfsL isMG bfdl dy puwqr suKbIr bfdl dI hY.

          ies rYlI df vDIaf pwK ieh irhf hY ik ieh pUrI qrHF sMgTq aqy anusLfisq rhI, nhIN qF aksr idwlI, XU[ pI[, hirafxf ivKy jF hor QfeIN iksfn rYlIaF jF mhFpMcfieq jF rfjnIqk rYlIaF ihMsf jF luwt-Koh vwl ruicq ho jFdIaF hn. kYptn srkfr ny vI ies rYlI ivc pRsLfsink aiVwikaF qoN sMkoc krky isafxp df sbUq idwqf.

          ieh ivsLfl rYlI rfj aMdr swqfDfrI kFgrs aqy Drm inrpwK (Kwby pfrtIaF qy lok BlfeI pfrtI) morcy leI vwzI cuxOqI bx ky AuWBrI hY. Auh iesdf ikvyN jvfb idMdy hn, ieh qF smF hI dwsygf. KYr! kuJ vI hovy srkfrI sfDnF qoN rihq hoeI ies mhF rYlI ny pRdysL kFgrs, kFgrs hfeI kmFz aqy kYptn srkfr nUM kFbf jLrUr CyV ky rwK idwqf hY.

 


amirMdr srkfr dIaF vDdIaF musLklF

-drbfrf isMG kfhloN

          pMjfb ivDfn sBf coxF hox ivc msF 6 mhIny df smF rih igaf hY. cfhIdf qF ieh sI ik kYptn amirMdr isMG dI agvfeI ivc cwl rhI kFgrs pfrtI dI srkfr pMjfbIaF nUM vDIaf, iBRsLtfcfr rihq, ivkfsmeI aqy jvfbdyh pRsLfsn ipCly sfZy cfr sfl dy blbUqy aiq suKfvIN isQqI ivc huMdI. pr hkIkq ieh hY ik ijAuN-ijAuN coxF df smF nyVy af irhf hY, srkfr aqy swqfDfrI pfrtI dIaF bwjr KunfmIaF krky rfjnIqk, afriQk, pRsLfsink aqy jnqk muhfjLF `qy kiTnfeIaF vDdIaF jf rhIaF hn. iKlfrf ieMnf vD irhf hY ik hux qwQo-PwQI ivc ies nUM ieh nhIN suwJ irhf ik ies nUM ikvyN smyty.

          pRdysL kFgrs kmytI dy pRDfn sLmsLyr isMG dUlo, kuJ mMqrIaF aqy AuWc-afgUaF ivruwD purfxy iBRsLtfcfr dy kysF sMbDI mfxXog suprIm kort vwloN jfrI noitsF ny amirMdr srkfr aqy kFgrs pfrtI aMdr kFbf pYdf kr idwqf hY. iBRsLtfcfr dy 3,500 kroVI dosLF ivruwD sfbkf muwK mMqrI pRkfsL isMG bfdl ny muwK mMqrI kYptn amirMdr isMG nUM hwqk aqy hrjfny dy kys ivc adflq dy kithry ivc ilaf KVf kIqf hoieaf hY. muwK mMqrI qy dosL afied ho cwuky hn aqy Auh ies kys ivc jmfnq `qy hn. pihlI agsq, 06 nUM pMjfb aYgrI aYksport kfrporysLn dy cyarmYn aqy mjITf ivDfn sBf hlky qoN ivDfiek sivMdr isMG kwQUnMgl nUM aMimRqsr ivKy adflq vwloN jLmIn KLrIdx ivc kIqI jfalsfjLI dy kys ivc hor pMj ivakqIaF smyq suxfeI iqMn sfl dI kYd dI sjLf aqy 4,000 rupey jurmfny krky rfj ivc kFgrs pfrtI aqy kYptn srkfr leI imhxf igaf hY. rihMdI ksr pRDfn sLmsLyr isMG dUlo dy lVky mnrUp isMG dUlo AuurP bonI aqy sfQIaF ny ihmfcl pRdysL aMdr isLmlf ivKy iek lVkI nfl CyV-CfV krn aqy AuproN zrfAux aqy dihsLq pYdf krn leI kIqy hvfeI Pfier dy kfrnfmy ny pUrI kr idwqI. ies kys krky sRI bfdl ny sRI dUlo dy asqIPLyy dI mMg kridaF ikhf ik jo lok Gr nUM nhIN sMBfl skdy AunHF qoN pMjfb sMBflx dI kI afs rwKI jf skdI hY. akflI dl (aMimRqsr) dy pRDfn ismrnjIq isMG mfn ny qF ies kys dI sI[ bI[afeI[ jFc dI mMg kIqI hY.

          ies kys ny sRI dUlo vwloN kyqIaf kFz dy kfrnfmfkfr gurkIrq isMG nUM afpxf rfjnIqk bxfey jfx krky  rfj ivc kFgrs pfrtI  nUM bVI vwzI nmosLI BrI musLkl snmuwK ilaf KVf kIqf hY. rfjnIqk pMzq bVI gMBIrqf nfl ieh rfey rwK rhy hn ik sRI dUlo bfhrI qOr `qy pfrtI aMdr ieh pRBfv idMdy hn ik Auh muwK mMqrI aqy ivroDI DVy aMdr sMquln rwK rhy hn lyikn ajy qwk AunHF dI lukvIN-alukvIN kvfied pfrtI sMgTn aMdr muwK mMqrI kYptn amirMdr isMG ivroDI ijLafdf rhI hY. ies leI jykr kFgrs pfrtI ies pRDfn dI QF nvF, gqIsLIl, svwC aks vflf pRDfn qurMq nhIN ilafAuNdI qF ivDfn sBf coxF ivc ies nUM insLcq qOr `qy kImq cukfAuxI pvygI.

          ipCly idnF ivc muwK mMqrI vwloN afpxy mMqrIaF aqy sMsdI skwqrF dy ivBfgF ivc kIqf igaf Pyrbdl kuJ mMqrIaF nUM rfs nhIN af irhf. Auh afpxy qOr `qy kyNdrI hfeI kmFz kol phuMc kr rhy hn. pRDfn sRI dUlo nUM vI ies kvfied ny inrfsL kIqf hY ikAuNik Auh afpxy krIbI sfQI qyjL pRkfsL isMG aqy mlkIq isMG dfKLf afid nUM mMqrI bxfAuxf cfhuMdy sn. ividaf, ishq ibjlI aqy PUz splfeI mMqrIaF dI kfrgujLfrI eynI mfVI rhI hY ik ijs qoN lok sMqusLt nhIN. kYbint mMqrI lfl isMG nvyN imly ivBfg PUz splfeI nUM rfj ivc sB qoN iBRsLt ivBfg KLud kih rhy hn.  ivDfiek bIr divMdr isMG sQfnk srkfrF dy ivBfg aqy Aus dy mMqrI nUM mhFiBRsLt grdfndy rhy hn. drasl scfeI ieh hY ik iBRsLtfcfr qoN koeI vI ivBfg aiBwj nhIN hY.

          Auwc aPLsrsLfhI kYptn amirMdr srkfr dI igRPLq ivc sLurU qoN hI nhIN af skI. ies dIaF sLkqIaF `qy loksLfhI dI jkV  pIzI krn ivc srkfr burI qrHF nfkfm rhI. ieQoN qwk ieh pMcF df ikhf isr mwQy `qy, pr prnflf AuQy df AuQyyyy dI aKOq nUM vI AulMGdI rhI. `cOksI ivBfg iBRsLtfcfr dy kys sfbkf muwK mMqrI pRkfsL isMG bfdl aqy Aus dI srkfr ivc akflI-Bfjpf mMqrIaF ivruwD bxfAux dy inrdysL AulMGdf afp hI rfj aMdr rfj bx bYTf. iBRsLtfcfr `qy kfbU qF kI pfAuxf sI, Aultf KLud vwzf iBRsLtfcfrI ivBfg bx bYTf. ies vwloN sfbkf muwK mMqrI aqy mMqrIaF ivruwD bxfey kysF ivwcNo ajy qwk koeI kfmXfb nhIN ho sikaf.

          AuWc aPsrsLfhI ny kYptn srkfr nUM 70,000 postF qF vwK-vwK ivBfgF ivcoN byloVIaF drsf ky smfpq krn leI Auksfieaf qF ik srkfrI Krcf Gtfieaf jf sky pr dUjy pfsy Ault jo vI AuWc aPLsrsLfh syvfmukq hoieaf Aus nUM dubfrf iksy AuWcy sMivDfink ahudy `qy inXukq kr idwqf. ieQy hI bws nhIN 22 afeI[ ey[ aYs[ aPLsrF nUM muwK skwqr aqy 8 afeI[ pI[ aYs[ nUM zI[ jI[ pI[ rYNk dy gryz ivc ilaf KVf kIqf. ievyN hI pRmuwK skwqrF, skwqrF ey[ zI[ jI[ pI[, afeI[ jI[, ey[ afeI[ jI[ dy pd loV qoN ikqy ijLafdf hn. bfvjUd ies dy srkfr dy hukmF qy kFgrs mYnIPYsto dy sMklp aml ivc nhIN ilaFdy.

          pMjfb dI rfjnIqI aqy afriQkqf dI rIVH dI hwzI awj vI iksfnI hYy. kYptn srkfr ies dIaF musLklF dUr krn ivc nfkfm rhI hY. sMn 2001 dI Jony dI PLsl qy aYlfny 30 rupey pRqI kuieMtl bons ivcoN 20 rupey aqy ies sfl kxk `qy aYlfny 50 rupey pRqI kuieMtl bons dI adfiegI ajy qk nhIN kIqI. afjLfdI idvs `qy kIqy aYlfn qoN ipwCoN pqf nhIN adfiegI nUM kdoN aMjfm idwqf jfxf hY. hux Jony aqy kpfh qy kyNdr vwloN aYlfnI 10 rupey pRqI shfiek kImq iksfnI dy jLKLmF `qy lUx iCVkx dy quwl hY. ies qoN iksfnI nUM pRBfv ho igaf hY ik muwK mMqrI dI kyNdr ivc koeI vuwkq nhIN rhI.

          sfbkf mMqrI jQydfr qoqf isMG kFgrs aqy kYptn srkfr nUM iksfn ivroDI grdfndy rihMdy hn, ijwQy ies srkfr ny iksfnI dIaF AupjF dI shfiek kImq isrPL 30-35 rupey msF vDfeI AuQy akflI-Bfjpf srkfr ny kxk dI shfiek kImq 230 rupey aqy Jony dI 180 rupey pRqI kuieMtl vDfeI sI. KudkusLIaF dy rfh pey iksfnF dy krjLy kYptn srkfr muafPL nhIN kr skI. gLrIb qy afriQk mMdhflI dI mfrI iksfnI nUM hor KyqrF ivcoN rujLgfr df pRbMD nhIN kr skI. awj smuwcI iksfnI kYptn srkfr qoN nfrfjL hY.

          irlfieMs kMpnI nfl smJOqy qoN pMjfbI kYptn srkfr qoN nfrfjL hoey hn. sMgrUr dy iqMn ipMzF dy iksfn trfeIzYNt gruwp ivruwD morcf lgfeI bYTy hn. vfadf iKlfPI krky vYt Tokx `qy 200 kroV dI kMbl snaq dUjy rfjF ivc clI geI hY. ihmfcl pRdysL nUM snaq sMbDI tYks qy hor shUlqF kyNdr vwlo 2010 qk vDfAux aqy srhwdI sUby pMjfb nUM TuwT ivKfAux krky snaqI Grfxy kYptn srkfr nfl nfrfjL ho gey hn. ievyN pMjfb ivc snaqI ivsQfr iek dhfkf pCV igaf hY.

          byrujLgfr bI[ aYWz[, pI[ tI[ afeI[, afrt aYNz krfPt, ieMjInIar, qknIkI, zfktrI iswiKaf pRfpq lwKF nOjvfnF nUM rujLgfr nf dyx, aiDafpk ibjlI, aFgxvfVI, ishq, afeI[ tI[ afNeI[ , rozvyjL, snaqI krmcfrI afpxIaF hwkI mMgF leI kYptn srkfr dIaF zFgF dy bfvjUd morcy leI bYTy hn. rfjsI ivroDI dbfa vDf rhy hn.

          ievyN idn-bidn kYptn srkfr dIaF musLklF vD rhIaF hn. drasl jnqk msly rfjsLfhI nfl nhIN loksLfhI nfl hwl huMdy hn. rfjnIqk ivroD ivcfrDfrk huMdf hY, inwjI nhIN. kYptn sfihb jy swcy idloN iBRsLtfcfr df aMq cfhuMdy sn qF pMjfbIaF nUM svwC, iBRsLtfcfr rihq, jvfbdyh, jnqk ihwqU srkfr dy ky akflI qy hornF nUM muV swqf ivc afAuxNo rokdy. pr gLlq slfhkfrF hwQ cVH ky Auh akflIaF nfl tkrfa dy rsqy qur pey ijs nfl kFgrs pfrtI pMjfb, pMjfbIaF df bhuq nuksfn hoieaf. vwzy afgU glqIaF kr bYTdy hn, AunHF df KfimafjLf BivwKI pIVHIaF nUM Bugqxf pYNdf hY.

 


pRDfn mMqrI dIaF vDdIaF musIbqF-ijLMmyvfr kOx?

-drbfrf isMG kfhloN

          sMn 2004 dIaF lok sBf coxF vyly kyNdr aMdr zf[ mnmohn isMG dI XU[ pI[ ey[ srkfr dI agvfeI krn vflI kFgrs pfrtI df muwK nfarf sI kFgrs kf hfQ, afm afdmI ky sfQ pr XU[ pI[ ey[ gwTjoV srkfr nUM kyNdr ivc sLfsn clfAuNdy 2 sfl qoN vwD smF ho igaf hY, nf qF kFgrs pfrtI aqy nf hI srkfr dy hwQ aqy srkfrI qMqr ikDry afm afdmI dIaF musLiklF dUr krn leI ivKfeI idMdy hY. mihMgfeI byrok-tok vDdI jf rhI hY. amn-kfnUMn dI siQqI bwdqr huMdI jf rhI hY. Gwto-Gwt sFJy pRogrfm anusfr qYa afriQk nIqIaF afm afdmI dIaF muwZlIaF loVF dI pUrqI aqy BlfeI qoN bymuK hn. dysL aMdr lgfqfr ihMsf qy awqvfd PYlx krky afm afdmI kI, smuwcf rfsLtr KLOPLjLdf hY. pRDfn mMqrI zf[ mnmohn isMG ny ijvyN pfiksqfn dy vrdIDfrI sLfsk jnrl pRvyjL musLwrPL `qy nIqI qoN ht ky ivsLvfs kIqf, Ausdf KimafjLf awj pUrf dysL Bugq irhf hY.

          gYr-rfjnIqIvfn zf[ mnmohn isMG dy moiZaF `qy jdoN kFgrs dI pRDfn sonIaf gFDI ny XU[ pI[ ey[ srkfr df Bfr pRDfn mMqrI vjoN lwidaF qF Aus nUM sLfied ies hkIkq df ielm nhIN sI ik ieh gwTjoV aijhf hY, ijs dy bhu-muKI rwQ dy GoVy insLicq qOr `qy vwK-vwK idsLfvF nUM duVMgy mfrngy.

          sLurU qoN hI pRDfn mMqrI afpxy kYbint sihXogIaF nUM AunHF dI aOkfq ivc rwKx ivc burI qrHF nfkfm rhy. AunHF ny sRI arjun isMG, lflU pRsfd Xfdv, pRxb muKrjI, rfmivlfs pfsvfn afid nUM afpxy ivBfgF dy sLkqIsLflI muKI bxn qoN nhIN roikaf. pRDfn mMqrI afriQk mfihr aqy pRDfn mMqrI vjoN afpxy krqwv inBfAux ivc qF zfZy msrUPL rhy pr AunHF ny gwTjoV vflI rfjnIqI dy Drm dI ijLMmyvfrI inBfAux ivc lgfqfr kuqfhI vrqI.

          awj gwTjoV srkfr df kI hfl hY? hr BfeIvfl pfrtI vwD qoN vwD pRqIinDqf cfhuMdI hY, kFgrs pfrtI afpxf eykfiDkfr jmf rhI hY, hr BfeIvfl ijLMmyvfrI qoN Bwj irhf hY, BfeIvfl srkfrI nIqIaF nUM pYr-pYr `qy dKLlaMdfjLI kridaF brykF lgf rhy hn. aijhI rfjnIqk siQqI ivc Bfrq dy lokqMqrI ieiqhfs ivc pihlI vfr mihsUs ho irhf hY ik zf[ mnmohn isMG bgYr aKLiqafr dy pRDfn mMqrI hn. XU[ pI[ ey[ dI knvInr kFgrs pRDfn sonIaf gFDI hY. pRDfn mMqrI srkfr clfAux ihWq AunHF dy pRqIinD hn. hr rfjnIqk, afriQk aqy pRsLfsink PLYslf lYx qoN pihlF Auh sonIaf gFDI qoN agvfeI lYNdy hn. ies nfl BfrqI rfsLtr aqy pRDfn mMqrI dy ahudy dy aks nUM jo Dwkf lwg irhf hY, ies dI pUrqI nhIN ho skdI.

          pRDfn mMqrI aqy AunHF dI XU[ pI[ ey[ srkfr afriQk suDfrF pRqI ipClI rfjg srkfr dIaF lok mfrU nIqIaF nUM nhIN bdl sky. AunHF ny sMsfrIkrn aqy bhukOmI kMpnIaF dy eyjMtF vjoN kMm krnf jfrI rwiKaf. XU[ pI[ ey[ srkfr afriQk nIqIaF aqy suDfrF nUM afm afdmI pwKI nhIN bxf skI. afriQk suDfrF dIaF nIqIaF ivc srmfeydfr bhurfsLtrI kMpnIaF, vpfrIaF, iblzrF, ivcoilaF dI qUqI boldI hY. afm afdmI dI ikDry suxvfeI nhIN hY.

          XU[ pI[ ey[ srkfr dIaF nfkfmIaF aqy pRDfn mMqrI dIaF idno-idn vDdIaF musIbqF leI muwK qOr `qy kFgrs pfrtI hI ijLMmyvfr hY. Ausdf afpxf nf koeI spwsLt eyjMzf hY, nf ivcfrDfrf, nf idRVH agvfeI aqy nf hI Aus ivc iekjuwtqf hY. zf[ mnmohn isMG dIaF afriQk nIqIaF pfrtI dy vwK-vwK aKOqI afriQk, smfijk iensfPL, jfqIvfdI rfKvyNkrn, ivydsL nIqI aqy GrylU bfjLfr pRqI nIqIaF dy mfihrF awgy dwb ho cuwkIaF hn.

          sonIaf gFDI dy isr `qy isrPL do pRogrfmF nUM lfgU krn df BUq svfr hY-rfsLtrI idhfqI rojLgfr gfrMtI aYkt aqy sUcnf aiDkfr aYkt. sLfied Auh afpxy svrgI pqI rfjIv gFDI dy ieh swcfeI aqy icqfvnI Bry sLbd Buwl bYTI hY ik kyNdr vwloN idhfqI ivkfs aqy kMm bdly rojLgfr afid skImF leI Byjy jFdy hr rupey ivcoN isrPL 15 pYsy hI AunHF kMmF leI phuMcdy hn, bfkI ivcoly Kf jFdy hn. ieh awj vI AuvyN swc hY ikAuNik sfzf sQfipq injLfm ijAuN df iqAuN kfiem hY.

          kFgrs pfrtI aqy BfeIvfl pfrtIaF dy kYbint mMqrI pRDfn mMqrI nUM itwc krky jfx rhy hn. E[ bI[ sI[, eymjL, pbilk adfiraF dy inwjIkrn, GwtigxqIaF dy msilaF `qy ijvyN kYbint mMqrIaF ny pRDfn mMqrI dI jwgoN qyrHvIN kIqI, Aus qoN KLPLf ho ky qF iek vyly AunHF ny asqIPLf dyx dy sMkyq vI dy idwqy sn.

          kFgrs pfrtI aqy srkfr afpxIaF nfkfmIaF df BFzf afpxy BfeIvflF aqy bfhroN hmfieq kr rhIaF KwbypwKI pfrtIaF dy isr BMnHdIaF hn. srkfr dIaF nIqIaF rfsLtr dIaF pRmfxU aqy kOmFqrI nIqIaF sbMDI pRBUswqf nUM Zfa lgf rhIaF hn.

          aijhIaF gwlF nfl hI srkfr ivruwD jnqk roh pYdf huMdf hY. ies dy leI srkfr, kFgrs pfrtI, iBRsLt pRsLfsn aqy aKLiqafr-rihq kmjLor pRDfn mMqrI ijLMmyvfr nhIN qF kOx hY? aijhI rfjnIqk siQqI rfsLtr nUM mwDkflI coxF vwl Dwk rhI hY. ies nUM dyKdy hoey Kwby morcy aqy Ausdy sihXogIaF ny qIsry isafsI morcy dI Bfl sLurU kr idwqI hY.

 


kFgrs hfeIkmFz pMjfb bfry kMD `qy iliKaf pVHy

-drbfrf isMG kfhloN

          pMjfb aMdr agly sfl PrvrI, 2007 ivc hox vflIaF ivDfn sBf coxF qoN aYn pihlF kFgrs pfrtI dIaF rfjnIqk smuMdrI lihrF hyT jLbrdsq mfrU sunfmI lihrF cwl rhIaF hn. ieMj Bfsdf hY ik kFgrs hfeI kmFz kol keI rfsLtrI JmyilaF krky ienHF mfrU aMqr-DfrfvF dy Gfqk rfjnIqk pRBfvF bfry kMD `qy iliKaf pVHn df smF nhIN hY. pMjfb aMdr kYptn amirMdr isMG dI agvfeI vflI srkfr dy rfjnIqk dIvflIafpx dy kfrnfimaF aqy pMjfb pRdysL kFgrs kmytI ivc ruk-ruk ky AuwBrdI clI af rhI aMqr-klh ny ijMnf rfj aMdr kFgrs dy jn-afDfr nUM rfjnIqk, afriQk, Dfrimk aqy smfijk qOr `qy nuksfn phuMcfieaf hY, sLfied hI ies qoN pihlF iksy hor kFgrs srkfr ny phuMcfieaf hovy.

          kFgrs hfeI kmFz leI ieh smJx dI loV hY ik jdoN iksy lokqMqrI srkfr dIaF bwjr kmjLorIaF bfry ivroDI rfjnIqk iDrF afvfjL AuTfAuNdIaF hn qF ieh qrk dy ky Aus nUM nkfrn df Xqn kIqf jFdf hY ik ivroDI iDrF df qF kMm hI iehI huMdf hY ik srkfr dI aflocnf krI jfxf. pr jdoN srkfr nfl sbMDq iDrF Aus dIaF sMgIn kmjLorIaF aqy bwjr KLunfmIaF bfry Tos muwidaF aqy qwQF `qy afDfrq aflocnf krn qF siQqI swcmuwc icMqfjnk huMdI hY. ies qoN vI do kdm awgy jykr srkfr, swqfDfrI pfrtI jF hfeI kmFz ienHF KLunfmIaF `qy prdfposLI krn df Xqn krn qF smJo ik aYsI srkfr aqy pfrtI afpxy pqn nUM afp inAuqf dy rhI hY. iehI hflq awj pMjfb aMdr kYptn amirMdr isMG dI agvfeI vflI kFgrs srkfr aqy kFgrs pfrtI dI hY.

          KyqI sYktr awj vI pMjfb dI afriQkqf dI rIVH dI hwzI aqy vwzy rujLgfr df afDfr hY. lyikn ipCly idnIN pMjfb srkfr dI niKwD nIqI dy jnqk qOr `qy mfrU pRBfvF bfry kyNdr aMdr kFgrs pfrtI dI agvfeI vflI XU[ pI[ ey[ srkfr nfl sbMDq do pRmuwK sLKLsLIaqF dy ivcfr afey. pihlF XU[ pI[ ey[ srkfr ivc KyqI mMqrI sRI sLrd pvfr df sI, ijs ivc AunHF lok sBf ivc bolidaF pMjfb aMdr iksfnF vwloN afriQk mMdhflI krky vwzy pwDr `qy kIqIaF jf rhIaF KLudkusLIaF `qy icMqf pRgtfAuNidaF pMjfb aMdr KyqI sMkt nUM kOmI smwisaf grdfinaf. AunHF pMjfb aMdr pfxI df pwDr iek mItr sflfnf hyTF izwgx aqy imwtI dy KurnF `qy vI icMqf df pRgtfvf kIqf. lok sBf nUM ies kOmI smwisaf vjoN nijwTx df Brosf idwqf. lyikn hYrfnI dI gwl ieh rhI ik ies bfry iksy kOmI eyjMzy jF kfrj Xojnf df aYlfn nhIN kIqf.

          dUsrf pMjfb dy KyqI sYktr bfry 28 meI nUM pRDfn mMqrI dI afriQk slfhkfr kONsl dy mYNbr zf[ aYws[ sI[ Jfa df cMzIgVH ivKy sYmInfr Pfrm aYNz PfeInYNs-2006 aYNz bIXoNz ivc idwqy ivsLysL BfsLn ivc pRgtfey ivcfrF rfhIN jwg-jLihr hoieaf. AunHF spwsLt drsfieaf ik pMjfb aMdr KyqI ivkfs dI dr iek pRqIsLq qoN vI Gwt hY. AunHF pMjfb dy iksfnF isr 57000 kroV dy sLuwD krjLy df prdfPfsL krky jLljLlf pYdf kIqf, ijs nUM ipCly lMby smyN qoN muwK mMqrI kYptn amirMdr isMG prdfposLI rfhIN 24, 000 kroV drsf rhy sn. AunHF ikhf ik ies ivcoN 19[ 42 pRqIsLq krjLf bYNkF df, 46[ 32 pRqIsLq kimsLn eyjMtF (sLfhF) df, 24[14 pRqIsLq koafprytv adfiraF aqy 7[ 12 mfrgyj adfiraF nfl sbMDq hY. AunHF pMjfb dy KyqI sMkt nUM jld qoN jld sulJfAux df vfsqf pfieaf. jpfn vFg KyqI PslF KyqF ivcoN hI cuwkxf, ZuwkvF muafvjLf dyx, PslF dI bImf krn dy suJfa idwqy.

          kFgrs hfeI kmFz nUM ies hkIkq df AuWkf ielm nhIN lwgdf ik pMjfb aMdr KyqI sYktr df sMkt iksfnI, Kyq mjLdUrF, ienHF nfl sbMDq nOjvfn vrg ivc bycYnI, asLFqI aqy smfijk-afriQk-rfjnIqk aPrf-qPrI df kfrn bx skdf hY. ies srhwdI aqy sMvydnsLIl pRFq nUM ihMsf dI lpyt ivc lY skdf hY.

          iBRsLtfcfr aqy kFgrs pfrtI df hmysLf colI-dfmn df sfQ irhf hY. jgmIq isMG brfV, jo lok sBf aMdr afvfjL-ey-pMjfb vjoN jfixaf jFdf hY, sInIar aqy juJfrU kFgrs nyqf hY, sLrHyafm iek tI[ vI[ sLoa ivc PrvrI-2002 ivDfn sBf coxF smyN kFgrs aMdr vwzIaF bolIaF dyx vfly irsLvqKor afgUaF nUM irsLvqKorI rfhIN itktF dyx df dosL lgfieaf sI. so ijs srkfr df afDfr hI irsLvqKorI hovy, Aus qoN svwC, iBRsLtfcfr rihq, ivkfsmeI aqy gqIsLIl sfsLn dyx bfry kI qvwko rwKI jf skdI hY?

          ivDfiek bIrdivMdr isMG sLrHyafm afpxI kFgrs srkfr dy sQfnk srkfrF bfry mMqrI cODrI jgjIq isMG nUM mhF iBRsLt mMqrI grdfndy rhy. bIbI rfijMdr kOr BwTl ny iswDy muwK mMqrI `qy iBRsLtfcfr dy dosL lgfey. ievyN hI hor mMqrI aqy ivDfiek kYptn sfihb dI juMzlI aqy kuJ aPLsrsLfhF `qy byiewjLqI krn aqy mnmrjLIaF krn dy dosL lgfAuNdy rhy. jdoN bhu-sMmqI ivDfiekF dIaF isLkfieqF nUM kFgrs hfeI kmFz ny nf gOilaf qF AunHF pfs cuwp rihx bgLYr koeI cfrf nf irhf. AunHF df mUMh bMd krn leI sB nUM hI lgBg borzF, kfrporysLnF aqy hor srkfrI sMsQfvF dy cyarmYn inXukq kr idwqf.

          lyikn jgmIq brfV ny srkfr nUM iBRsLtfcfrI qOr-qrIikaF qoN bfjL afAux aqy hfeI kmFz nUM sucyq krn leI lgfqfr afvfjL AuTfeI. sMn 2005 ivc Aus ny sLrfb dy TyikaF dI inlfmI ivcoN kYptn amirMdr isMG aqy juMzlI vwloN 100 kroV hVwpx dy doosL lgfey. hux Aus ny irlfieMs snaqI gruwp nUM kOzIaF dy Bfa pMjfb mMzI borz aqy pMcfieqF dIaF jLmInF dyx ivruwD jLbrdsq afvfjL AuTfeI. kFgrs aMdr aYsI pYdf hoeI aMdrUnI KLfnfjMgI krky rfj kFrgs iekfeI dy pRDfn sLmsLyr isMG dUlo nUM jgmIq brfV dy iqMn sfQIaF nUM muawql krky aqy kYptn dI kYbint dy iqMn mMqrIaF dI jvfbqlbI krnI peI. pr ieh mslf iewQy hI nf ruikaf. sfbkf mMqrI minMdrjIq isMG ibwtf ny ies ivvfd ivc kuwdidaF irlfieMs kMpnI nUM dUsrI eIst ieMzIaf kMpnI grdfnidaF ies df iqwKf ivroD kIqf hY.

          pMjfb aMdr kYptn srkfr qy iBRsLtfcfr sMbMDI ijLMmyvfr kFgrs nyqfvF vwloN lgfey dosLF krky srkfr vwloN pRkfsL isMG bfdl aqy Aus dI srkfr (1997-02) ivcly kuJ sfbkf mMqrIaF ivruwD bxfey iBRsLtfcfr dy kysF dI iblkul PUk inkl geI hY. ies muwdy `qy lok rfey srkfr ivruwD AuWT KVHI hoeI hY. kFgrs dy kuJ mMqrIaF `qy rfj qoN bfhr jfiedfdF bxfAux aqy mhwlnumf koTIaF Ausfrn dy dosL hn.

          rfj kFgrs aMdr anusfsLn nF dI koeI cIjL nhIN hY. pRDfn sLmsLyr isMG dUlo aqy dUsry pd-aiDkfrIaF dI srkfr `qy kfbjL toly ny kdy bfq nhIN puwCI. kFgrs ivc Gusy mOkfpRsq, iBRsLtfcfrI aqy aprfDI iksm dy lok tksflI kFgrsIaF nUM ipwCy Dwk ky srkfr aqy sMgTn `qy kfbjL hoey bYTy hn. qfjLf do imsflF kFgrs dy aMdrUnI bdhflI dI khfxI ibafn krdIaF hn. 30 meI nUM biTMzf ivKy dilq rYlI ivc kFgrs pRDfn dI hfjLrI ivc kFgrs afgUaF ivc KUb iKwcoqfx hoeI. iesy idn dUsrI Gtnf jlMDr vfprI, ijs ivc pRdysL mihlf pRDfn aqy srkfr ivc mMqrI bIbI gurkMvl kOr ny srb Bfrq mihlf kFgrs jnrl skwqr bIbI mIrf isMG dI hfjLrI ivc hfeI kmFz vwloN hfl hI ivc bhfl kIqI ijLlHf idhfqI pRDfn bIbI kmljIq kOr dy mUMh `qy cpyV hI nhIN mfrI, nIvyN pwDr dI gflI-gloc bfad Aus nUM muV muawql kr idwqf.

          kFgrs dy rfjnIqk sdfcfr aqy klcr nUM jnqf ivc mjLfk df bfies bxfAuNdy lok inrmfx mMqrI pRqfp isMG bfjvf kfhnUMvfn aqy sMsdI skwqr suKijMdr isMG rMDfvf PiqhgVH cUVIaF hlky ivc swqf dy zMzy nfl afey idn jfalI akflIaF glL prny puaf ky kFgrs ivc sLfml hox df iKwlIpUrvk zrfmf rc rhy hn. ievyN kFgrs nUM mjLbUq nhIN, grk kr rhy hn. hfeI kmFz kuMBkrnI nINd suwqI peI hY. pfrtI df tksflI vrkr qrfsLx leI sflFbwDI Gflxf loVINdI hY.

          kYptn vwloN ipCly 4 sfl 4 mhIny qoN DVwly nfl srkfr iek juMzlI aqy AuWc aPsrsLfhI blbUqy clfeI jf rhI hY. afm kFgrsI kI ivDfiekF, sMsd mYNbrF aqy mMqrIaF dI koeI puwC-pRqIq nhIN huMdI rhI. ies srkfr ny 40 lwK byrujLgfrF nUM rujLgfr dyx dI QF iek muwK skwqr post ivruwD 14, iek zI[ jI[ pI[ ivruwD 5, 11 pRmuwK skwqrF ivruwD 21,6 ey[ zI[ jI[ pI[ dI QF 11, 28 skwqrF dI QF 47 aPLsrF afid nUM qrwkIaF dy ky bhu-rujLgfr idwqf hY. 50,000 postF vwK-vwK ivBfgF `coN KLqm kr idwqIaF hn, jdik 45,000 KLflI peIaF rihx idwqIaF. ies srkfr df nfarf ivkfs kIqf hY, hor krFgy dI QF byrujLgfr kIqf hY, hor krFgy aqy jo kusikaf Auh kuwitaf hY, hor kuwtFgy.

          kFgrs hfeI kmFz ny ajy vI kYptn srkfr dI kfrgujLfrI bfry PYkt PfeIizMg pRikiraf rfhIN qwQ jfnx bfad qurMq ZuwkvyN aqy iqwKy kdm nf cuwky qF kMD `qy iliKaf pVH lvy ik afgfmI ivDfn sBf coxF ivc XU[ pI[-ibhfr vFg iewQy vI burf hfl ho jfvygf.

 


ksLmIr smwisaf dy hwl leI pRDfn mMqrI dy dlyrfnf kdm

-drbfrf isMG kfhloN

          Bfrq aMdr jMmU-ksLmIr smwisaf dysL afjLfdI ijMnI purfxI hY. ieh smwisaf kOmFqrI srmfeydfrI aqy bsqIvfdI sLkqIaF dI dyx hY. eysLIaf mhFdIp `c afpxy sOVy-suafrQ XuwDnIqk ihwqF dI pUrqI leI ienHF sLkqIaF ny 1974 ivc afpy GVI do kOmF dI iQAUrI rfhIN BfrqI Aup-mhFdIp `c pfiksqfn aqy ijLafnovfdI nIqIaF dI pUrqI leI 1948 ivc arb ielfky `c iesrfeIl nfmk do asLFqI dy nfsUr sQfpq kIqy ies dy nfl hI Bfrq dy mwQy `qy ksLmIr smwisaf df ikwl Toikaf. ksLmIr qF ies DrqI qy svrg vjoN jfixaf jFdf irhf aqy nfl hI ivdvqf dI kuMjI. iewQy aiqvfd-vwKvfd df koeI bIj nhIN sI vyiKaf jf skdf. ajokf aiqvfd-vwKvfd srmfeydfrI aqy ies dI Aupj awl-kfiedI, qfilbfnI aqy jyhfdI sLkqIaF dI dyx hY.

          ajokI siQqI GftI aMdr mfnisk, srIrk aqy mnoivigafnk qOr `qy pIVq BfrqI pRDfn mMqrI sRI vI[ pI[ isMG kfl qoN pnpxI sLurU hoeI. ijAuN-ijAuN ies dy hwl leI sRI nrismhf rfE, sRI ieMdr kumfr gujrfl (gujrfl isDFq), sRI atl ibhfrI vfjpfeI (lfhOr bws aml) pRDfn mMqrIaF ny iswDy ksLmIrI pRqIinDF aqy vfieaf pfiksqfn rfhIN Xqn kIqy mslf hor qUl pkVdf igaf.

          zf[ mnmohn isMG Bfrq dy pihly aYsy pRDfn mMqrI hn ijnHF ny ksLmIr smwisaf dy hwl leI ieiqhfsk aqy dlyrfnf kdm puwty hn. AunHF ny pfiksqfn nfl ryl, bws, hvfeI syvfvF jo sRIngr ivc ivDfn sBf aqy idwlI aMdr ksLmIrI jyhfdIaF vwloN hmilaF krky bMd kIqIaF sn, muV sQfpq kIqIaF. sRIngr-mujwPrfbfd, sRI aMimRqsr-nnkfxf sfihb bws syvfvF, munfBfE-KoKrfpfr ryl syvfvF cflU kIqIaF. GftI ivwcoN sYnf dI igxqI `c ktOqI kIqI. GftI dy lokF dI afpxy-afp nUM asl pRqIinD  jmfq mMndI hurIaq dy nyqfvF aqy vwK-vwK rfjnIqk pfrtIaF dy nyqfvF nfl gwlbfq kIqI. golmyjL kfnPrMsF df islislf jfrI kIqf.

          24-25 meI, 2006 nUM ksLmIr smwisaf df sdIvI hwl lwBx leI Auh dUjI golmyjL kfnPrMs `c sLfml hox leI sRIngr gey. aiqvfdI aqy vwKvfdI ansrF ny ies kfnPrMs nUM asPl krn leI ihMsk GtnfvF `c qyjLI ilaFdI. mfnv bMbF aqy iPdfeIn bMbF df shfrf ilaf. hUrIaq, Bfjpf, zI[ aYWP[ pI[ aqy kuJ hor sMgTnF ny ies kfnPrMs dy bfeIkft df aYlfn kIqf. pr zf[ isMG GftI dy lokF dy Bly, sLFqI aqy ivsLv dIaF vwK-vwK kOmF nUM Bfrq srkfr dI suihrdqf aqy sdBfvnf df sunyhf dyx leI sRIngr phuMcy. do-rojLf golmyjL kfnPrMs `c kFgrs, pI[ zI[ pI[, nYsLnl kfnPrMs, sI[ pI[ aYwm[, pYNQrjL pfrtI afid dy pRqIinDF ny ies `c Bfg ilaf.

          pihlI vfr GftI aMdr do-rojLf iksy BfrqI pRDfn mMqrI ny jMmU-ksLmIr dy lokF dIaF bhu-pwKI smwisafvF dy hwl leI Xqn kIqy. GftI ivwcoN iPrkU aqy aiqvfdI ihMsf krky plfien kr cuwky ksLmIrI pMzqF jF jo dysLI-ivdysLI jhfdIaF dy hwQy cVH ky srhwdoN pfr cly gey ksLmIrI nOjvfnF dy muV-vsyby, Gt igxqIaF dI surwiKaf mjLbUq krn aqy AunHF `c ivsLvfs pYdf krn, sQfnk srkfrF nUM sLkqIsLflI aqy shI sLbdF `qy aml ivc jn-pRqIinD bxfAux, rfj aMdr Drm-inrpwK aqy BfeIcfrk sFJ nUM suidRVH bxfAux leI ZuwkvyN kdm cuwkx df sMklp ilaf igaf. pRDfn mMqrI ny sfP ikhf ik ienHF dy AulMGx nUM jLIro pRqIsLq vI sihx nhIN kIqf jfvygf. surwiKaf dsiqaF aqy Kfs krky rfsLtrI rfeIPljL XUintF vwloN kIqIaF jfx vflIaF kuqfhIaF keI vfr sQfnk jnqf nUM nrfjL aqy inrfsL krn df kfrn bxdIaF hn ijnHF nfl srkfr dy sLFqI vfrqf aqy jnqk ivsLvfs pYdf krn sbMDI kdmF nUM vwzI kImq cukfAuxI pYNdI hY.

          pRDfn mMqrI ny dUjI golmyjL kfnPrMs aMdr vwK-vwK iDrF dy ivcfr suxn, nYsLnl kfnPrMs aqy pI[ zI[ pI[ dy rfjnIqk muwidaF `qy iqwKy ByV nUM vfcx, pYNQrjL pfrtI dy irjnl KudmuKqfrI dy qrksLIl suJfa iDafn gocry rwKidaF ksLmIr smwisaf dy hwl leI ivafpk kdm cuwkidaF pMj kfrj dl gTq krn df aYlfn kIqf. mksd ieko smyN vwK-vwK muwidaF dy hwl leI skfrqimk rvweIaf aKiqafr krn leI jnqk hmfieq iqafr krnf hY.

          pihlf kfrj dl smfj dy vwK-vwK vrgF `c afpsI ivsLvfs bhfl krn dy Xqn afrMBygf. aiqvfdI-vwKvfdI ihMsf krky ksLmIr pMzqF, srhwd pfr Bwjy Btky nOjvfn aqy hor guMmrfhkun ansr dy muV-vsyby nUM suinsicq bxfeygf. dUjf kfrj dl srhwd dy afr-pfr vsdy ksLmIrIaF dy afpsI sbMDF nUM mjLbUq bxfAux, kfrigl aqy skfrdU KyqrF ivc afvfjfeI dy nvyN rsqy KolHx dIaF sMBfvnfvF df pqf lgfAux df Xqn krygf. qIjff kfrj dl jMmU-ksLmIr dI afriQk mjLbUq, vwD qoN vwD rujLgfr dy sfDn pYdf krn dy qOr-qrIky bfry nIqI nUM aMjfm dyvygf. cOQf kfrj dl rfj dy lokF nUM vDIaf, gqIsLIl, jvfbdyh, sfP-suQrf aqy ivkfs meI pRsfsLn dyx dIaF qjvIjLF bxf ky aml ivc ilafAux leI shfeI hovygf. pMjvF kfrj dl kyNdr aqy rfj dy sbMDF nUM sfjLgfr bxfAux, rfj nUM vwD qoN vwD KudmuKqfrI dIaF sImfvF qYa krn bfry nIqI df inrDfrn krygf. ies dy nfl hI idwlI-ieslfmfbfd vfrqflfp jfrI rihxgy. jMmU-ksLmIr `c sdIvI sLFqI, srhwd afr-pfr KuwlHy myl imlfp, BfrqI Aup-mhFdIp nUM dihsLqgrdI-rihq Kyqr sQfpq krn dy suihrd Xqn jfrI rihxgy.

          ies golmyjL kfnPrMs df duKdfeI aqy icMqfjnk pihlU ieh vI irhf ik ies ivc hUrIaq nyqfvF ny Bfg nhIN ilaf. pRDfn mMqrI Kud-cwl ky AunHF nfl gwlbfq rfhIN smwisaf dy hwl dI mnsLf nfl AunHF dy dr `qy gey sn. pr AunHF ny pRDfn mMqrI dy ies dlyrfnf kdm nUM jI afieaF nf kih ky Bfrq aqy jMmU-ksLmIr dy lokF dy ivsLvfs nUM BfrI swt mfrI hY.

          ies sfl mfrc mhIny hUrIaq nyqf mIrvfiejL aqy abdul gnI Bwt pwgvfsL ivKy iek kOmFqrI kfnPrMs `c ivakqIgq qOr `qy sLfml hox gey ijwQy Auh srhwd dy Aus pfr ksLmIrI nyqfvF aqy pfiksqfnI sLfsk jnrl musLrP nUM vI imly. AuprMq krfcI ivKy ivsLv sosLl Porm `c Bfg lYx gey ijwQy AunHF dI koeI puwC-pRqIq krn vflf nhIN sI. Auh qF isrP aYsy nyqfvF aqy mOikaF dI qlfsL `c sn qF ik koeI Auh hurIaq nyqfvF nUM Bfrq-pfiksqfn sLFqI vfrqfvF `c sLfml krn dI vkflq kr skx. aprYl `c mIrvfiejL lMzn ivc ksLmIr smwisaf aqy gwlbfq sbMDI afXoijq iek sYmInfr `c sLfml hox leI gey jo kYNbirj XUnIvristI aqy XuwDnIqk stwzIjL bfry ieslfmfbfd sMsQf vwloN krvfieaf igaf sI. ievyN hI XUrp aqy arb dysLF `c Bfrq-pfiksqfn aqy ksLmIr smwisaf sbMDI afXoijq keI pRogrfmF `c Bfg lYx leI hurIaq nyqf ksLmIr smwisaf sbMDI sYmInfrF aqy kfnPrMsF ivc Bfg lYx leI dysL-ivdysL jf skdy hn qF BfrqI pRDfn mMqrI aqy kyNdr srkfr vwloN ies smwisaf dy hwl leI sLurU kIqy golmyjL kfnPrMsF dy dOrF `c ikAuN nhIN sLfml ho rhy ijnHF nfl ienHF df iswDf sbMD hY? ienHF `c sLfml nf hox dy bhfny ikAuN bxf rhy hn? ies `qy AunHF dy ivroDIaF nUM ieh dosL lgfAux df mOkf imldf hY ik Auh pfiksqfn dy iesLfry `qy aijhf kr rhy hn.

          jMmU-ksLmIr aMdr sLFqI, KusLhflI, ivkfs aqy ielfkfeI KudmuKqfrI leI pRDfn mMqrI vwloN sLurU kIqI golmyjL kfnPrMsF df islislf iek shI idsLf vwl shI kdm hY. GftI aMdr hUrIaq aqy dUjy jn-pRqIinDF nUM ieh gvfAuxf nhIN cfhIdf. ies nfl hI GftI `c aiqvfdIaF dy kfly kfrnfimaF nfl nijwTx, srhwdoN pfroN isKlfeI Xukq mujfirdI dI Bfrq aMdr GuspYT, surwiKaf, cOksI, sMcfr, jnqk imlvrqx dy pRbMD mjLbUq krn dI loV hY. aiqvfdIaF dI mfnv bMbF aqy iPdfeIn bMbF dI nvIN rxnIqI nUM pUrn cOksI aqy idRVHqf nfl nfkfm bxfAux dI loV hY. rfj srkfr nUM gTjoV aMdr aMdrUnI rfjnIqk iKwcoqfx driknfr krn dI sKLq loV hY.

 


XU[ pI[ ey[ srkfr dy do sfl

-drbfrf isMG kfhloN   

          lokqMqrI ivvsQf ivc mjLbUq rfjnIqk lIzrisLp bgYr jnqk ihwq ivc vDIaf nqIjy dyx vflI srkfr nhIN idwqI jf skdI. iehI swcfeI kyNdr aMdr ipCly do sfl qoN cwl rhI zf[ mnmohn isMG dI kFgrs pfrtI dI agvfeI vflI XU[ pI[ ey[ srkfr `qy ZuwkdI hY. zf[ isMG kFgrs pfrtI aMdr sLurU qoN hI koeI mjLbUq siQqI nhIN rwKdy. kFgrs pRDfn aqy nihrU-gFDI pirvfr dI kFgrs aMdr mfnqf pRfpq AuqrfaiDkfrI sRImqI sonIaf gFDI vwloN meI, 2004 ivc pRDfn mMqrI pd lok sBf coxF AuprMq nf sMBflx df rfjnIqk qOr `qy BivwKI rfjnIqk pYNqVybfjLI Biraf PYslf lYx qy AunHF vwloN inwjI qOr `qy zf mnmohn isMG dI ivdvqf qoN pRBfivq huMidaF AunHF nUM stfp gYp pRDfn mMqrI dy pd leI nfmjLd kIqf ijs dy aiDkfr AunHF XU[ pI[ ey[ knvInr vjoN pRfpq kr rwKy hn.

          BfvyN zf[ isMG dI XU[ pI[ ey[ srkfr ny do sfl pUry krn `qy irport kfrz jfrI kridaF afpxI afp ipwT QpQpfeI hY pr jy ies kfrjkfl df inrpwK lyKf-joKf kIqf jfvy qF ieh hkIkq sfP njLr afvygI ik Auh lgfqfr rfsLtrI aqy aMqrrfsLtrI pwDr dy ivvfd gRsq muwidaF qoN tflf vwtdy rhy hn. jdoN vI siQqI isroN pfxI twpx vflI pYdf huMdI qF Auh ieh gwl jLrUr XkInI bxfAuNdy ik AunHF df inrxf jF ibafnbfjLI sRImqI sonIaf gFDI aqy Kwby-pwKI morcy dy ihwqF dy Ault nf hovy.

          ies dy nfl hI ipCly do sflF df qjrbf dwsdf hY ik kuJ kFgrs aqy kulIsLr srkfr `c sLfml nyqf AunHF dI lIzrisLp nUM hI nhIN gOldy. sRI arjn isMG mfnv sMsfDn mMqrI ny AunHF dI srkfr nUM rfKvyNkrn dy Jmyly `c afpx mnmfnI krky Psfieaf hY. ies qoN pihlF mUMh-Pwt sfbkf ivdysL mMqrI sRI ntvr isMG ny volkr skYm krky zf[ isMG srkfr nUM ivroDI iDr df insLfnf bxfieaf sI. sonIaf gFDI vwloN lfB pd dy muwdy qy lok sBf dI mYNbrI qoN asqIPf dyx bfad muV BfrI bhumq nfl ijwqx qy sfbkf muwK mMqrI CqIsgVH, sRI ajIq jogI ny 25 kFgrs pfrlImYNt mYNbrF dy dsqKLq krvf ky AunHF `qy jLor pfieaf ik Auh hux pRDfn mMqrI df pd sMBfl lYx. BfvyN AuqoN-AuqoN Aus nUM iJVikaf igaf pr prdy ipwCy sRI aihmd ptyl ny Aus nUM ikhf, aYsy kfrj df ajy Auicq smF nhIN afieaf. iewQy hI bs nhIN ies mYmorMzm `qy zf[ isMG dI kYbint dy iek mMqrI sRI cMdr sLyKr sfhU ny vI dsKLqk kIqy sn. ieh pfrlImYNt lokqMqrI ivvsQf aqy kYbint asUlF dy Ault inrxf sI. ies `qy jf Aus nUM afpy mMqrI mMzl qoN asqIPf dyxf bxdf sI jF iPr zf[ isMG vwloN Aus nUM qurMq cldf krnf bxdf sI. pr aijhf kuJ nf hoieaf. ies qoN vwzI iksy pRDfn mMqrI dI ilzrisLp dI hor ikhVI hyTI ho skdI hY?

          afpxy do sflf kfrjkfl smyN XU[ pI[ ey[ srkfr ny ies nUM bfhroN hmfieq dyx vfly Kwby morcy dy 63 mYNbrI gruwp dy dbfa dy bfvjUd vYt tYks nIqI, idwlI aqy muMbeI kOmFqrI hvfeI awizaF df inwjIkrn, lfB vfly kuJ pbilk sYktr adfiraF df inwjIkrn, ivdysLI iswDy invysL nUM AuqsLfhq krnf, amrIkf nfl pRmfxU smJOqf krn, nypfl pRqI kmjLor ivdysL nIqI df mujLfihrf, pRmfxU muwdy `qy ierfn ivruwD vot dyxf afid lok ivroDI inrxy ley. ies krky Kwby morcy ny ies nUM PylH srkfr krfr idwqf hY. awq dI mihMgfeI aqy sLyar bfjLfr dy bury hfl leI ijLMmyvfr Tihrfieaf hY. bfvjUd iesdy ies srkfr ny potf kfnUMn vfps lYx, ksLmIr sbMDI sLFqI vfrqf jfrI rwKx, pfiksqfn nfl cMgy sbMD sQfpq krn, jnqf nUM sUcnf aiDkfr dyx, idhfqI rujLgfr grMtI skIm lfgU krn, rfsLtrI mwuZlf ZFcf mjLbUq bxfAux leI sLlfGfXog kdm AuTfey hn.

          lyikn idhfq aqy dUr-durfzy ielfikaF, afid vfsIaF, iksfnF aqy idhfqI mjLdUrF dI dsLf suDfrn leI Auicwq kdm nhIN cuwky gey. ies idsLf vwl sPlqf dI kuMjI ienHF ielfikaF dy lokF dI nIqIaF inrDfrn aqy ivkfs kfrjF ivc sLmUlIaq nuUM XkInI bxfAuxf aiq jLrUrI hY. ies pfsy vwl srkfr koeI Tos kdm nhIN puwt skI.

          kyNdr aMdr kFgrs dIaF srkfrF hmysLf blYk mfrkItIaF, iBRsLtfcfrIaF, kfly Dn dy kubyrF, DoKybfjLF, GotflfbfjLF aqy rfjnIqk aqy afriQk aprfDIaF nfl imlIBugq krky bdnfm rhIaF hn. ieho dosL awj inwjI qOr `qy suvwC CbI rwKx vfly zf[ mnmohn isMG dI srkfr `qy lwg rhy hn ijnHF ny afpxI kYbint `c nf isrP aprfDI ipCokV vfly rfjnIqk afgUaF nUM QF idwqI blik AunHF df bcfa vI jfrI rwiKaf. ibhfr ivDfn sBf gLYr-sMivDfnk hwQkMizaF rfhIN BMg krn qy srkfr nUM mfxXog suprIm kort qoN iPwtkfr sihxI peI. vxj mMqrI sRI kml nfQ dI kiQq afphudrI nIqI krky sIimMt stfk qoqy ho igaf qy ivsLv pRiswD arQsLfsqrI pRDfn mMqrI qwkdy hI rih gey.

          byrujLgfrI TwlHx leI koeI Tos nIqI nhIN bxfeI geI. sRImqI ieMdrf gFDI dI msLhUr hfP ey imlIan jfb skIm awj vI byrujLgfr jgq nUM bhuq Xfd afAuNdI hY. iksfnI krijLaF ivc dwbI hox krky, PslF dy Bfa kImqF dy sUck aMk nfl nf joVn krky, kIVymfr dvfeIaF, KfdF, KyqI sMdF, trYktrF dy Bfa afeI iCmfhI vDx, kfimaF dI Aujrq vDx aqy kudrqI afPqF df isLkfr hox krky KudkusLIaF krn leI byvs hoeI bYTI hY. ipCly 6 sflF qoN lgfqfr afey sfl 17,000 iksfn aqy sbMDI KudkusLI krn leI mjbUr ho rhy hn. 37% iksfn iksfnI DMdf Cwzx leI iqafr hn. jy imzl klfs leI tftf gruwp pwCmI bMgfl ivc iek lwK rupey dI kfr vflf pRfjYkt lgfAux jf irhf hY, qF kI iksfnF leI iek lwK kImq vflf aqy Gwt zIjLl vflf trYktr iqafr nhIN kIqf jf skdf?

          aFDrf pRdysL aqy pMjfb ivc iksfnF aqy dilq pirvfrF nUM ibjlI muPLq idwqI jf rhI hY. kyNdrI ivwq mMqrI sRI pI[ icdMbrm ny qfimlnfzU `c isafsI lfhy leI hfl `c hoeIaF ivDfn sBf coxF `c zI[ aYWm[ ky[ pfrtI dI grIbI dI ryKf hyTF rihMdy 54 lwK pirvfrF nUM rMgIn tI[ pI[ muPLq dyx, ijsdf rfj dy KjLfny `qy 1080 kroV df Bfr pvygf aqy grIbF nUM 2 rupey iklo cfvl dyx dI nIqI dI KuwlH ky hmfieq kIqI ijs df rfj dy KjLfny `qy slfnf 1500 kroV rupey df boJ pvygf. ienHF nIqIaF krky pRDfn mMqrI dI CbI nUM vwzf Dwkf lwgf hY.

          zf[ isMG dI srkfr aDIn ipCly do sflF qoN dysL aMdr amn-kfnUMn dI siQqI burI qrHF ivgVdI clI jf rhI hY. aYsI siQqI `c srkfr vwloN afpxI vDIaf kfrgujLfrI leI afpxI ipwT QpQpfAuxf icMqfjnk gwl hY. vDdI ihMsf krky dysL dy afriQk ivkfs aqy smfjk sLFqI nUM bhuq vwzf Dwkf lwg irhf hY. krIb 14 rfjF dy 160 ijLilHaF ivc nksvfVIaF (sI[ pI[ afeI[ mfEvfdI) dI vDdI ihMsf ny qrQwlI mcf rwKI hY. 2004 `c ienHF vwK-vwK rfjF `c 1533, 2005 ivc 1594 aqy 2006 dy pihly 4 mhIinaF `c 550 hmly aMjfm idWqy. isrP CwqIsgVH pRFq `c ies sfl dy pihly 4 mhIinaF `c 234 hmly hoey jo ipCly sfl dy ies smyN nfloN 75 pRqIsLq vD hn. ies rfj nUM vDdI ihMsf nfl inptx leI pMjfb `c aiqvfd nfl inptx vfly syvf-mukq zI[ jI[ pI[ ky[ pI[ aYWs[ igwl nUM inXukq krnf ipaf hY. BfvyN kyNdr srkfr ny nksl pRBfv rfjF `c ihMsf nfl inptn leI idwlI ivc iek mIitMg bfad sFJI kmfn gTq kIqI hY, hYlIkptrF aqy afDuink hiQafrF df pRbMD kIqf hY, Pyr vI ienHF rfjF dI puils eynI sihmI peI hY ik vrdI pf ky gsLq krnoN qRih rhI hY, ik ikqy pihcfx nf ho jfey.

          jMmU-ksLmIr `c aiqvfdI GtnfvF vD rhIaF hn. zozf, AUDmpur nrsMGfr, zf[ isMG srkfr dy do sfl pUry hox vfly idn hI rfjIv gFDI dI brsI mOky sLyry-ksLmIr styzIam sLRIngr ivKy kFgrs rYlI qy iPdfeIn hmly ny sRI gulfm nbI srkfr nUM ihlf ky rwK idwqf hY. ienHF aiqvfdIaF ny hI sQfnk ielfikaF ivc afpxf nYwtvrk sQfpq krky rfj jnm BUmI, sMkt mocn (vfrfnsI) aqy idwlI ivKy Dmfky kIqy. jMmU-ksLmIr ivc ies smyN 2500 aiqvfdI mOjUd hn jdoN ik 500 srhWdoN pfroN twpx dy mOky dI qlfsL `c hn. Dur AuWqr-pUrb rfjF `c lgfqfr ihMsf jfrI hY. asfm `c srkfr vwloN ajy iek vI bMglf dysLI sLnfKq krky vfps nf Byjx krky AulPf gruwp ihMsf PYlfAux `qy AuqfrU hY.

          zf[ isMG srkfr dIaF kmjLorIaF krky kFgrs aqy XU[ pI[ ey[ nUM 5 rfjF dIaF ivDfn sBf coxF `c nmosLI BrI kfrgujLfrI df sfhmxf krnf ipaf. Kwby morcy vwloN pwCmI bMgfl aqy kyrl `c hUMJf PyrU ijwqF krky hux Aus df kyNdr srkfr `qy dbf aqy dKLaMdfjLI hor vD jfvygI. pihlF ijvyN Aus vWloN ivDfn sBf coxF qoN pihlF vwK-vwK ivisLaF `qy Byjy 19 notF qy srkfr ny qvwjo nhIN idwqI, jy BivwK `c ieMj jfrI irhf qF ieh sMktgRsq ho skdI hY. tuwt vI skdI hyY. jy srkfr dI kfrgujLfrI kFgrs aqy XU[ pI[ ey[ aMdr iKwcoqfx bxI rhI qF nf isrP agly sfl iqMn rfjF ijvyN XU[ pI[, pMjfb aqy AuqrFcl ivc coxF `c burI qrHF hfrygI blik rfhul gFDI dy isr `qy qfjL rwKx dI rfjnIqk pYNqVybfjLI lmk jfvygI.

 


kYptn srkfr dI niKwD kfrgujLfrI

-drbfrf isMG kfhloN

          hfl hI `c pMj rfjF dIaF ivDfn sBf coxF `c kFgrs dI kfrgujLfrI bhuq mfVI rhI hY. dysL aMdr ijnHF rfjF `c kFgrs pfrtI dI inrol jF imlI-julI srkfr hY AunHF `c vI ies dI phuMc koeI TIk nhIN. aFDr pRdysL aqy mhFrfsLtr `c iksfnF vwloN KudkusLIaF dy gMBIr mfmly sfhmxy af rhy hn. jMmU-ksLmIr `c inwq idn vDdI awqvfdI ihMsf aqy Auwc-pwDrf sYks skYNzl dIaF KbrF hn qy hirafxf aqy AuqrFcl `c kFgrs pfrtI aMdr aMdrUnI KfnfjMgI df mfhOl bixaf hoieaf hY. sB qoN mfVf hfl pMjfb df hY ijwQy muwK mMqrI kYptn amirMdr isMG dI qfnfsLfhI df aflm hY; mfrU afrQk nIqIaF qy vDdI krpsLn df bolbflf hY.

          kyNdr `c swqf sMBflx qoN pihlF pfrtI pRDfn sRImqI sonIaf gFDI aksr sfl do sfl `c kFgrs muwK mMqrIaF dI kfrgujLfrI `qy njLrsfnI krn leI ivsLysL mIitMgF bulfAuNdI huMdI sI. pr hux swqf dIaF kyNdrI pwDr `qy Buwl-BuleIaf `c ilpq ho ky rih geI lwgdI hY. kyNdrI pfrtI hfeI kmFz dI muwK mMqrIaF dI kfrgujLfrI jfnx leI iblkul lgfm iZwlI ho geI lwgdI hY. pfxI isr AuWproN dI lMGx lwg ipaf hY. ies mfhOl `c kFgrs afgUaF aqy kfrkuMnF dy vI nwk `c dm afieaf ipaf hY.

          s[ pRkfsL isMG bfdl, sfbkf muwK mMqrI, aqy AusdI agvfeI vflI akflI-Bfjpf srkfr ivruwD ijs iBRsLtfcfr nUM PrvrI, 2002 dIaF ivDfn sBf coxF `c muwK muwdf bxf ky kYptn sfihb swqf `c afey sn AuhI iBRsLtfcfr hux hr pwDr `qy hr srkfrI ivBfg `c dUxf-cOxf hoieaf ipaf hY. pfrtI dy AuWGy nyqf jgmIq isMG brfV dosL lgf rhy hn ik rfjy duafly iekwqr cfr ku ivakqIaF dy gruwp ny do-do hjLfr kroV qoN vwD jfiedfd bxf leI hY. hr ivBfg `c kMm krfAux leI cFdI dy phIey lfAux bgYr PfeIl awgy nhIN qurdI.

          kYptn sfihb dI srkfr ny pMjfb pYrIPyrI aYkt `c soD krn aqy ivsLysL afrQk jLonF dy Zuwcr hyT pMjfb dy sLihrIkrn sbMDI iksfn mfrU skIm bxfeI hY. ipCly iqMn sflF qoN hr sfl 15,000 eykV jLrKyjL DrqI sLihrIkrn, snwqIkrn, vpfrIkrn, inwjI skUlF, kfljLf aqy nrisMg-mYzIkl sMsQfvF, bI[ aYWz[ kfljF, sfDF dy zyiraF dI AusfrI leI KrIdI jf rhI hY. pMjfb `c ijwDr mrjLI jfE jI[ tI[ roV jF hor muwK sVkF `qy aYsIaF sMsQfvF dIaF iblizMgF dI AusfrI vyKI jf skdI hY. dubeI dI aYWm[ afr[ aYwm[ jI[ aYWP[, trfeIzYNt, kuafrk, afeI[ tI[ sI[ aqy irlfieMs afid kMpnIaF DVf-DV jLmIn KrId rhIaF hn.

          brnflf nyVy 376 eykV aqy muhflI nyVy pMjfb mMzI borz dI 10 eykV dy krIb 1000 kroV kImq dI jLmIn kOzIaF dy Bfa irlfieMs kMpnI aqy hornF nUM vycI jf rhI hY. jy ieh muwdf kFgrs pfrtI dy afgU s[ jgmIq isMG brfV, ivroDI iDr dy nyqf aqy sLRomxI akflI dl suprImo s[ pRkfsL isMG bfdl, sI[ pI[ afeI[, sI[ pI[ aYWm[, lok BlfeI pfrtI aqy akflI dl (a) dy pRDfn ismrnjIq isMG mfn ny AuTfieaf qF kYptn sfihb df AuWqr sI ik jykr AunHF vws cwly qF Auh irlieMs kMpnI nUM jLmIn muPq vI dy dyx. kI ieh iksy ijLMmyvfr muwK mMqrI df AuWqr ho skdf hY? kI mjhUrIaq ieMJ krn dI iejfjLq dyNdI hY? jgmIq isMG brfV ny muwK mMqrI nUM moVvF AuWqr idwqf ik jykr AunHF nUM irlfieMs kMpnI nfl eynf hI hyjL hY qF afpxf moqI mhwl muPLq `c dy dyx. AunHF muwK mMqrI nUM ieh slfh vI idwqI ik vwzy-vwzy swnqI GrfixaF nUM 6 hjLfr kroV df lfB dyx dI QF ieh Dn lGU AudXogF nUM idwqf jfvy qF ik pMjfb `c rujLgfr dy mOky vD skx. mfrkPYz aqy imlkPYz adfry awgy ilaFdy jfx.

          pMjfb dy iksfnF dy vwK-vwK sMgTn, 23 meI nUM brnflf ivKy jLmIn bcfE morcf lgf ky vwzI rYlI df afXojn krn jf rhy hn. afpxy ies morcy `c AunHF ny tRfeIzYNt gruwp nUM brnflf nyVy aqy irlfieMs nUM muhflI nyVy jLmIn dyx, pMjfb rfj ibjlI borz, iswiKaf, ishq afid ivBfgF dy inwjIkrn, koafpryitv KMz imwlF dI ivkrI, iksfnI dIaF PslF dy Bfa kImqF dy sUck aMk nfl joVn afid dy muwdy sLfml kr ley hn. ievyN iksfnI nfl krmcfrI vrg vI af juVygf. ijAuN-ijAuN pMjfb aMdr ivDfn sBf coxF nyVy afAuxgIaF ieh morcf kYptn srkfr aqy kFgrs pfrtI dy nwk `c dm kr dyvygf. qfimlnfzU `c bIbI jYlilqf dI anf zI[ aYWm[ ky[ srkfr ny vI krcfrIaF nUM izsims krn df rfh aKiqafr kIqf sI. lokF ny aprYl 2006 dIaF ivDfn sBf coxF `c Aus nUM swqf qoN bfhr vgfh mfiraf. Aus dy coxF vyly hryk pirvfr nUM pRqI mhInf 10 ikwlo cfvl muPq dyx, grIbI ryKf qoN hyTly pirvfr dI lVkI dI sLfdI `qy 4 gRfm sonf dyx, ividafrQIaF nUM muPLq kMipAUtr dyx jhy pRloBnF nUM iksy ny nhIN gOilaf. ieho hfl pMjfb `c kFgrs srkfr df hox vflf hY.

          kYptn sfihb dy afphudry pRsLfsnk PYsilaF krky rfj aMdr vwK-vwK sMivDfnk sMsQfvF df hfl vI burf ho igaf hY. cfr sfl pihlF pMjfb lok syvf afXog dy cyarmYn nUM iBRsLtfcfr dy vwzy skYNzl `c sLfml hox krky pkVidaF jylH `c suuwt ky jo kYptn sfihb ny Kwitaf sI Auh hux dfgdfr aks vfly aiDkfrI sMjIq isnhf nUM ies df cyarmYn inXukq kr ky KUh-Kfqy suwt idwqf hY. ieh aiDkfrI, jo pMjfb dy AuWc pwDr dy afeI[ ey[ aYWs[ aPsr rhy hn, anyk GplybfjLIaF aqy byinXmIaF dy dosLI sfbq ho cuwky hn. ienHF `qy muwK mMqrI dy pRmuwK skwqr aqy gRih skwqr hox vyly kFgrs nyqfvF, mMqrIaF aqy aPsrF nfl durivvhfr sbMDI dosL vI lwgdy rhy. iesy kr ky AunHF nUM ienHF ahuidaF qoN lFBy kr idwqf sI. hux ienHF 6 sfl leI pMjfb lok syvf afXog df cyarmYn inXukq krn krky kFgrs dy bhuq sfry afgU, mMqrI, ivroDI iDr aqy afm lok aOKy hoey hn. ies nfl ies sMsQf dy vkfr nUM Dwkf lwgf hY.

          kYptn sfihb ny afpxI srkfr qfnfsLfhI ZMg nfl clfeI hY. jnqk aqy ivBfgI ihwqF leI sMGrsL krdy krmcfrIaF, 40 lwK byrujLgfrF qy iksfnF nUM afpxIaF mMgF mMgx `qy KUb kuwitaf hY. iewQoN qwk ik kFgrsI mMqrIaF, ivDfiekF aqy nyqfvF nUM vI KUb rgiVaf. jy ies siQqI `c qbdIlI nf ilaFdI geI qF aglIaF ivDfn sBf coxF `c kFgrs nUM ies df BfrI nuksfn AuTfAuxf pvygf.

 


Bfrq-amrIkf prmfxU smJOqf : rxnIqk KudmuKqfrI nUM Korf

-drbfrf isMG kfhloN

          dUjI sMsfr jMg qoN bfd ivsLv do mhFsLkqIaF amrIkf aqy sovIaq XUnIan `c vMizaf igaf. pr sMn 1991 ivc sovIaq XUnIan dy ibKrn `qy amrIkf ivsLv dI ieko iek mhF sLkqI rih igaf. ipCly 15 sfl qoN Auh sMsfr pulsIey dI BUimkf inBfAuNdf af irhf hY. pr ies nUM kOmFqrI pwDr `qy anyk cuxOqIaF drpysL hn. 9/11 dI Gtnf qoN bfd ieslfmk `c kurfhy pey kuJ lokF df awqvfd ies leI zrfAuxI cuxOqI bxdf jf irhf hY. aPgfinsqfn aqy ierfk `qy kbjLf krn aqy hux ierfn nUM hmly dIaF BwbkIaF dyx dy bfvjUd ieh cuxOqI hor iBafnk rUp Dfrn kr rhI hY. ies sbMDI pfiksqfn `qy Auh ieqbfr nhIN kr skdf jo awqvfdIaF df GONslf bixaf hoieaf hY. dUjy pfisEN cIn dI vDdI sLkqI Aus leI cuxOqI bxdI jf rhI hY. BivwK ivc rUs, cIn aqy Bfrq df gwTjoV Aus `qy BfrU ho skdf hY. afrQk qOr `qy vI amrIkf dI hflq pqlI huMdI jf rhI hY. Aus dy bhuq sfry sihXogI Aus qoN iknfrf krn dI iPrfk ivc hn. Bfrq ivsLv styj `qy iek prmfxU sLkqI vjoN sQfpq rfsLtr bx igaf. amrIkf aqy ieiqhfdIaF vwloN ies ivruwD pfbMdIaF lfAux dy bfvjUd ies nUM svdysLI qknIk rfhIN isvl aqy PLOjI prmfxU sLkqI vjoN AuBrn qoN roikaf nf jf sikaf. so afKr ivsLv pwDr `qy 21vIN sdI ivc drpysL cuxOqIaF snmuwK amrIkf ny Bfrq nfl prmfxU smJOqf krn leI kUtnIqk gqIivDIaF qyjL kr idwqIaF. BfrqI pRDfn mMqrI zf[ mnmohn isMG dI ipCly sfl amrIkI PyrI dOrfn 18 julfeI, 2005 nUM Bfrq-amrIkf drimafn prmfxU sMDI dI pysLksL ho geI ijs nUM amrIkI pRDfn jfrj busL dI Bfrq PyrI dOrfn 2 mfrc, 2006 nUM aMjLfm idwqf igaf.

          hux ies prmfxU smJOqy `qy Bfrq aqy ivdysLF aMdr iqwKI bihs iCVI hoeI hY. kUtnIqk, rfjnIqk, ivigafnk aqy XuwDnIqk pwKoN ies `qy iqwKI nok-Jok jfrI hY. srkfr nUM bfhroN hmfieq dy irhf Kwbf morcf ies dI sKLq aflocnf kr irhf hY. izplomYt, ivigafnI, surwiKaf mfhr aqy buwDIjIvI vrg vI ies bihs qoN aiBwj nhIN. kFgrs pfrtI ies smJOqy nUM dysL dy rfsLtrI ihqF aqy ivdysL nIqI dy anukUl dwsdI hY.

          jo lok ies smJOqy dy hwk ivc hn Auh smJdy hn ik ies smJOqy krky Bfrq nUM ipCly 32 sfl dy prmfxU ieklfpy qoN ajLfdI iml geI hY. ies smJOqy nfl Bfrq nUM kOmFqrI pwDr `qy prmfxU sLkqI vjoN mfnqf iml jfvygI. amrIkf ies smyN brqfnIaf, PrFs, rUs, jrmnI aqy jpfn nfl iml ky globl prmfxU AUrjf qflmyl kr ky plYtInm Xukq nvyN AuWc qknIk iraYktr ivksq kr irhf hY qF ik qyl AUrjf dy pRdUsLx qoN injfq pfeI jf sky. Bfrq vI aYsI plYtInm Xukq AUrjf df vwzf hmfieqI hY. ies leI amrIkf ny Aus nUM vI ies qflmyl gruwp ivc sLfml krn dy mMqv nfl smJOqf kIqf hY.

          Bfrq vwloN 22 ivcoN 14 prmfxU iraYkt kOmFqrI AUrjf eyjMsI dI dyK-ryK hyT ilafAux dy aiDkfr dyx, isvl aqy imltrI loVF vfly iraYktr vwK-vwK krn nfl jo Gftf pvygf Auh nvIN qknIk aqy 45 prmfxU eINDn splfeI krn vfly dysLF dy gruwp vwloN prmfxU eINDn splfeI krn nfl pUrf ho jfvygf. dUsry prmfxU iraYktr sQfpq krn vfly dysL nUM 5 sflF `c sQfpq krn dy smrwQ hn jd ik Bfrq nUM aijhf krn leI krIbn 6 sfl lwg jFdy hn. ies smJOqy nfl Bfrq hwQ Auh qknIk lwg jfeygI ijs rfhIN ieh vI 5 sflF ivc prmfxU iraYktr sQfpq krn dy smrwQ ho jfvygf. ieh dlIlF pysL kIqIaF jf rhIaF hn.

          ieh vI ikhf jf irhf hY ik ies smJOqy qihq bdysLI ivwqI invysL aqy qknIkI jfxkfrI nfl Bfrq aMdr npisl aqy BfvnI vrgy inwjI adfry vI inwjI prmfxU isvl iraYktr lgf skxgy. ies nfl Bfrq aMdr prmfxU AUrjf pYdf krn dI smrwQf vD jfvygI. ies qrHF Bfrq sMn 2050 qwk afpxI AUrjf sLkqI sbMDI 25 PIsdI loVF prmfxU AUrjf qoN pUrIaF krn dy smrwQ ho jfvygf. amrIkI snaqI ivkfs krky koeI 25 PIsdI grIn hfAUs gYsF pYdf ho rhIaF hn jo ivsLv vfqfvrn leI vwzf Kqrf bx rhIaF hn. BfrqI snaqIkrn aYsIaF 4 PIsdI gYsF pYdf kr irhf hY pr BivwK ivc snaqIkrn dy qyjLI nfl PYlx kfrn ienHF ivc vfDf hovygf. ies leI prmfxU AUrjf dI sKq loV hY jo aYsIaF gYsF pYdf nhIN krdI.

          lyikn jo lok ies smJOqy dy ivruwD hn AunHF dy ivcfr bhuq vjLndfr hn. ies leI AunHF nUM awKoN Ehly nhIN kIqf jf skdf. AunHF dI jfxkfrI vI afm jnqf leI bhuq jLrUrI hY. aYsy rfjnIqIvfnF, ivigafnIaF aqy kUtnIqkF df mq hY ik ieh smJOqf rfsLtrI afm sihmqI, pfrdrsLqf aqy soc-ivcfr nfl nhIN kIqf igaf. ieh sMsfr pulsIey amrIkf dy dbfE hyT kIqf igaf hY. ies leI ieh rfsLtrI ihqF dy ivruwD hY.

          Bfrq ny sfry ivsLv sfhmxy afpxI GrogI prmfxU qknIk df mujLfhrf hI nhIN kIqf blik afpxy afp nUM iek jLuMmyvfr prmfxU sLkqI vjoN vI pRdrsLq kIqf hY. ieh smJOqf sfzy AunHF sYNkVy prmfxU AUrjf mfhr ivigafnIaF dI virHaFbwDI Gflxf `qy cot hY ijnHF nvIaF qknIkF eIjfd kr ky vwzIaF pRfpqIaF kIqIaF.

          amrIkf aqy dUsry keI prmfxU sLkqI vfly dysL smJdy hn ik Bfrq pfs XUrynIam Xukq eINDn dy BMzfr nhIN hn aqy nf hI ienHF df bdl ies pfs hY; dUsry prmfxU sLkqI vfly dysLF kol isvl aqy POjI loVF vfly vwK-vwK prmfxU iraYktr hn. ieh inrf JUT hY. isvfey amrIkf dy hor iksy dysL kol vwK-vwK iraYktr nhIN hn. Bfrq kol XUrynIam eINDn df bdl QorIam Xukq eINDn hY ijs nfl 2050 eIsvI qwk asIN 2 lwK mYgfvft AUrjf iqafr krn dy smrwQ hF. ies hkIkq dI pusLtI mfxXog rfsLtrpqI sRI abdul klfm ny vI kIqI hY.

          jo lok ieh kih rhy hn ik hux BfrqI iraYktrF nUM prmfxU eINDn splfeI krn vfly dysLF qoN eINDn splfeI ho skygf AunHF dy ies dfvy dI AudoN PUk inkl geI jdoN rUs vloN Bfrq dy qfrfpur prmfxU AUrjf stysLn 1 aqy 2 leI 50 tn eINDn splfeI krn dI sihmqI df vwzf ivroD amrIkf ny hI kIqf. hux amrIkf Bfrq nfl prmfxU sMDI ivc qbdIlI soc irhf hY.

          ies smJOqy nfl Bfrq ny afpxI suqMqr ivdysL nIqI nUM Korf lf idwqf hY. isvl aqy POjI prmfxU iraYktr vwK-vwK krn leI mMnxf Bfrq leI bhuq hI mfrU smJOqf hY. ieh ies leI mfrU hY ik ies nfl asIN ivsLv XuwDnIqk qbdIlIaF anusfr bdysLI hmly nUM nkfrf krn leI hiQafrbMd qknIk ivksq krn qoN vFJy ho jfvFgy. ieh bhuq hI mfVf aqy mMdBfgf kdm hovygf. amrIkf aqy brqfnIaf ies vyly nvyN prmfxU bMbF aqy mfrU hiQafrF dy aMdrKfqy qjrby kr rhy hn. iPr aYsI pfbMdI dUjy dysLF `qy ikAuN?

          amrIkf df mMqv ies smJOqy rfhIN Bfrq vwloN BivwK ivc afpxy QorIam BMzfrF nUM prmfxU eINDn vjoN vrqy jfx dI qknIk eIjfd krn qoN rokxf hY. aijhI rok nUM kdficq jfiejL nhIN Tihrfieaf jf skdf. amrIkf iek pfsy qF cIn nfl afrQk sbMD vDf irhf hY dUsry pfsy Aus dI vDdI POjI sLkqI dI GyrfbMdI dy mMqv nfl eysLIaf mhFdIp aMdr jpfn aqy korIaf nfl POjI smJOqy kr irhf hY. cIn dI POjI XuwDnIqk GyrfbMdI leI Auh Bfrq nfl aYsf smJOqf krnf cfhuMdf hY. prmfxU smJOqf iesy nIqI dI sLurUafq hY.

          asIN ivsLv dIaF bdldIaF XuwDnIqk, kUtnIqk aqy ivkfsmeI siQqIaF anusfr amrIkf smyq hor rfsLtrF nfl vwK-vwK smJOiqaF dy ivroDI nhIN hF. pr ieh smJOqy Bfrq vrgy jmhUrI dysL ivc rfsLtrI afm sihmqI, rfsLtrI ihq `qy aDfrq zUMGI soc-ivcfr bfd pfrdrsLI ZMg nfl hoxy cfhIdy hn. Bfrq-amrIkf prmfxU smJOqy rfhIN Bfrq ny bhuq kJ gvfieaf hY, Kfs krky prmfxU AUrjf aqy qknIk sbMDI rxnIqk KudmuKqfrI dy mfmly `c ijnHF icr ies smJOqy ivcoN aYsIaF mwdF htfeIaF nhIN jFdIaF, ies df lfgU hoxf rfsLtrI ihq ivc nhIN hovygf.

 


pRDfn mMqrI dI pMjfb PyrI

-drbfbf isMG kfhloN

          pRDfn mMqrI zf[ mnmohn isMG afjLfdI dy pihly kFgrsI iswK afgU sfbq hoey hn jo pMQk BfvnfvF nfl lbryjL hoey pMQk, pMjfbIaq aqy mfnv syvf ihwq inrCl qOr `qy sRI hirmMdr sfihb, aMimRqsr ivKy nqmsqk hoey. sMn 1947 dy pMjfb aqy iswK pivwqr gurDfmF dy btvfry dI asih cIs Auh aMg-aMg ivc mihsUs krdy ivKfeI idwqy ijs dI sdIvI mfr dI jLd ivc Auh vI lwKF ihMdU, iswK, muslmfn pMjfbIaF vFg afey sn. iswK pMQ vwloN Aus btvfry qoN bfad rojLfnf subHf-sLfm ieh ardfs vfihgurU awgy kIqI jFdI hY ik ijnHF pivwqr gurDfmF nUM pMQ nfloN ivCoiVaf igaf hY, AunHF dy KuwlHy drsLn dIdfr df dfn bKisLaf jfvy. pRDfn mMqrI zf[ mnmohn isMG jI nUM ies df dYivk aihsfs sI. iswKI aqy pMQ dy ivkfs leI AunHF dy idl ivc iek suwcy-suwcy vjoN iswk sI. ies sbMD ivc pRDfn mMqrI vjoN AunHF bhuq ZwukvyN aqy loVINdy kdm vI pMQk syvf, Bfrq-pfiksqfn dosqI dy mfiDafm rfhIN cVHdy-lihMdy pMjfb dy gUVHy aqy KuwlHy myl-imlfp leI gqIsLIlqf nfl gfmjLn rihxgy.

          iswK pMQ aqy pMjfbIaF dI syvf ihwq pfiksqfn ivcly gurDfmF dy KuwlHy drsLn dIdfr dy sMdrB ivc iek ieiqhfsk pulFG puwtidaF AunHF 24 mfrc nUM afpxI pMjfb PyrI dOrfn aMimRqsr qoN vfhgf bfrzr rfhIN sRI nnkfxf sfihb jfx vflI bws pMj-afb nUM hrI JMzI ivKf ky rvfnf kIqf. swcKMz sRI hirmMdr sfihb dI gilafrf Xojnf dI pUrqI leI 72 kroV, Kflsf ivrfsq sMBfl leI 48 kroV, gurU rfmdfs sLihrI Xojnf leI 240 kroV sRI hirmMdr sfihb qwk jFdI sLihr aMdr AuWcI sVk leI 210 kroV rupey kyNdr vwloN dyx df aYlfn kIqf. sRI gurU gRMQ sfihb dy aiDaYn leI gurU nfnk dyx XUnIvristI ivKy Koj kyNdr sQfipq krn df aYlfn kIqf. iswK rfj nfl sbMiDq ieiqhfsk goibMdgVH iklf jo lMby smyN qoN BfrqI POj dy kbjLy hyT sI, nUM pMjfbIaF hvfly kr idwqf igaf. aijhy kfrj aMjfm dy ky AunHF afpxy afp nUM iswK pMQk syvf df vwzBfgI bxfieaf.

          aMimRqsr ivKy kFgrs pfrtI vwloN kfrvfeI geI iek rYlI ivc pMjfb dy muwK mMqrI ny pMjfb dy ivkfs leI kuJ mMgF rwKIaF. ienHF ivwcoN kuJ mMgF dI pUrqI df pRDfn mMqrI ny aYlfn kIqf. ienHF ivc aMimRqsr ivKy ivsLysL afriQk jLon `qy aml, 1500 mYgfvft ibjlI CwqIsgVH aqy 1200 mYgfvft hor stysLnF qoN pMjfb nUM dyxf, aMimRqsr-jlMDr, aMimRqsr-pTfnkot, luiDafxf-cMzIgVH, aMbflf-cMzIgVH sVkF nUM 6 mfrgI bxfAuxf, aMimRqsr vfhgf sVk bxfAuxf, atfrI rylvy stysLn nUM kOmFqrI pwDr df bxfAuxf, luiDafxf ivKy aMqr-rfsLtrI hvfeI awzf bxfAuxf afid sLfml hn. goieMdvfl AudXoigk pRfjYkt dy ivkfs leI AunHF rfj srkfr nUM ikhf ik Auh ies sbMDI iek ivsiqRq irport kyNdr nUM iqafr krky Byjy, hr sMBv shfiedf kIqI jfvygI.

          pMjfb dy iksfnF nUM pRDfn mMqrI ny dUsrI hrI kRFqI ilafAux leI ikhf. KyqI ivkfs aqy Koj leI kyNdr srkfr ny kyNdrI bjt rfhIN 100 kroV dI ivsLysL rkm pMjfb KyqI XUUnIvristI, luiDafxf nUM idwqI hY. pMjfb dy iksfnF nUM mhfrfsLtr aqy aFDrf pRdysL rfjF dy iksfnF vFg PslI iviBMnqf rfhIN bfgbfnI nUM apxfAuxf cfhIdf hY.

          bhuq hI BfvpUrq aqy sMvydnsLIl sLbdF dI vrqoN dI JVI lfAuNidaF pRDfn mMqrI ny pfiksqfn nUM amn, surwiKaf aqy imwqrqf dy iek nvyN smJOqy dI pysLksL kIqI. ieMj pRqIq hoieaf ijvyN AunHF nUM Bfrq-pfiksqfn dosqI dy msly nfl iesLk ho igaf hovy. AunHF ies dosqI prikRaf nUM awgy vDfAux leI pfiksqfn dy POjI sfsLk jnrl pRvyjL musLwrP nUM DMnvfd idwqf. AunHF ikhf ik dohF mulkF nUM dwKxI eysLIaf dy ies iKwqy ivc sdIvIN amn, sLFqI aqy sihXog dI bhflI leI hor vDIaf irsLqy bxfAuxy cfhIdy hn. ijvyN iek khfvq hY, qurn nfl hI rsqf awgy bxdf hY, asF dohF dysLF ny awgy qUrnf sLurU kIqf aqy hor rsqy KuwlHdy cly gey. lfhOr-idwlI bws syvf bfad sRIngr-musLwPrfbfd, aMimRqsr-lfhOr bws syvf aqy mMunfbAu-KoKrfpfr ryl syvf dy rsqy KwulHy. ies nfl dohF dysLF dy jjLbfqF dy bMDn hor mjLbUq hoey hn.

          jMmU-ksLmIr aqy hor msilaF df hwl amn dI bhflI leI jLrUrI hY. jnrl musLwrP ny aiqvfd rokx leI qkVy kdm cuwky hn ijs leI AunHF ny Aus nUM vDfeI idwqI. ies dy nfl hI dohF dysLF dy vpfrk, smfijk aqy siBafcfrk irsLiqaF nUM arQ BrpUr bxfAux leI vpfrk, akfdimk, siBafcfrk, klfikRq KyqrF ivc afpsI sihXog vDfAux `qy bl idwqf.

          AunHF jLordfr ZMg nfl ikhf ik dysLF nUM afpsI sbMD ibhqr bxfAux leI jMmU-ksLmIr df mslf afVy nhIN afAux dyxf cfhIdf. asIN ies msly `qy vI gwl krn leI iqafr hF. ies smyN dohF mulkF nUM afpsI sihXog aqy imwqrqf rfhIN afpxy ielfikaF ivc rihMdy lokF leI iewjLq aqy snmfn Bira jIvn bsr krn dI cysLTf nfl vDIaf pRsfsLn dyx dI loV hY. Bfrq-pfiksqfn dy lokF dIaF qkdIrF iek dUsry nfl juVIaF hoeIaF hn. iesy krky asIN smJdy hF ik mjLbUq, KusLhfl aqy sMjmI pfiksqfn sfzy leI hI nhIN blik ivsLv sLFqI aqy ivkfs leI lfhyvMd hY.

          asIN grIbI, byrujLgfrI aqy ibmfrI qy ies iKwqy ivc glbf pfAux leI isaficn, sr krIk aqy bglIhfr smyq hor msilaF `qy gwlbfq krnI hY aqy ienHF df sdIvIN hwl kwZxf hY. sfzI mnsLf hY ik srhwdF dIaF lkIrF DuMdlIaF krky aMimRqsr aqy lfhOr sLihrF nUM aMqr-rfsLtrI vpfrk kyNdrF ivc qbdIl kIqf jfey. vpfrk sbMD kyNdrI eysLIaf qwk vDfey jfx. ies mMqv leI Bfrq-pfiksqfn dosqI aqy sihXog nUM AunHF afpxf supnf krfr idwqf ijs nUM iesLk dI hwd qwk jFdy Auh sfkfr krnf locdy hn.

          pfiksqfn dy ivdysL ivBfg dy bulfry bIbI qsnIm aslm ny pRDfn mMqrI dI amn, surwiKaf aqy dosqI dI pysLksL df svfgq kIqf. AunHF ikhf ik ies qoN pqf cwldf hY ik Bfrq ny ksLmIr smyq hor JgiVaF sbMDI muwidaF `qy awgy vwDx dI loV nUM pRvfn kr ilaf hY. AunHF ikhf ik pfiksqfn aiqvfd df purjLor ivroD krdf hY lyikn ksLmIr muwdy df ivvhfrk hwl cfhuMdf hY jo ies iKwqy dy sfry dysLF leI icMqf df ivsLf hY.

          pfiksqfn dy nfmvr pwqrkfr sRI hfimd mIr ny zf[ mnmohn isMG vwloN aMimRqsr ivKy amn, sihXog aqy dosqI dI pysLksL `qy qbsrf kridaF bVy KUbsUrq aMdfjL nfl ikhf ik pRDfn mMqrI jI ny pfiksqfn nUM iek sfPt srwhd dI pysLksL kIqI hY.

          Bfrq-pfiksqfn sihXog, dosqI aqy amn df vwzf lfB cVHdy aqy lihMdy pMjfb dy imhnqI aqy krmsLIl lokF nUM hoxf hY. iswK pMQ nUM afpxy ivCoVy gurDfmF dy KuwlHy drsLn-dIdfr rfhIN ihrdy TMZ pfAux nfl hoxf hY. pMjfb vwsdf gurF dy nFa `qy dy sLbd nUM sfkfr krn nfl hoxf hY. pMjfb dy adb, sfieMs, ivigafn, KyqI, vpfr nfl juVy anyk lok pihlF hI ies sihXog leI vwzf Xogdfn pf rhy hn. dovyN pMjfbF dIaF srkfrF Kyz myyly, adb aqy pwqrkfr imlxIaF rfhIN ies ivc vwzf Xogdfn pf rhIaF hn.

          pRDfn mMqrI dI pMjfb PyrI df sB qoN vDIaf slfhuxXog pwK ieh vI irhf hY ik AunHF dI Tihr dOrfn aqy aMimRqsr rYlI dOrfn pMjfb aMdr rfjnIqk mfhOl sfjLgfr irhf. sLRomxI akflI dl aqy Bfjpf afid nUM burf-Blf nhIN ikhf igaf. pMjfb dy muwK mMqrI kYptn amirMdr isMG ny vI zf[ mnmohn isMG dI kMpnI ivc sfbkf muwK mMqrI pRkfsL isMG bfdl ivruwD burf sLbd qF kI kihxf sI, cuwp df dfn bKisLaf. iewQy ieh vrxnXog hY ik pRDfn mMqrI afpxI pMjfb PyrI nUM cox PyrI nf bxf ky vI kFgrs pfrtI aqy amirMdr srkfr dy pwK ivc pMjfbIaF aqy pMQ nUM bVf asrdfr lukvF sunyhf dy gey.

 


dUsLxbfjLI dI nhIN ishqmMd rfjnIqI dI loV

-drbfrf isMG kfhloN

          pMjfb aMdr vwK-vwK rfjnIqk pfrtIaF dy Auwc kotI dy nyqf inwjI aqy sOVy suafrQI rfjnIqk ihwqF dy pRBfv hyT eyny igr gey hn ik Auh nf smF, nf sQfn, nf iekwT aqy nf hI afpxy ijLMmyvfr ruqby nUM iDafn gocry rwKdy hn. bs! iek dUsry `qy pIlI pwqrkfrI jF sLrmnfk pornogRfPI dI qrHF asLlIl aqy pIlI rfjnIqI rfhIN GtIaf dUsLxbfjLI krdy cly jf rhy hn. jo pMjfb afpxy Aumdf smfijk, aiDafqimk aqy rfjnIqk cirwqr krky gurF dy nF `qy ijAUNdf sI, awj GtIaf drjy dy asLlIl iBRsLtfcfrI, suafrQI, mwkfrI Bry smfijk, Dfrimk aqy rfjnIqk pRdUsLq mfhOl ivc jIAU irhf hY.

          dysL afjLfdI qoN bfad cVHdy pMjfb ivc muwK qOr `qy iqMn rfjnIqk sLkqIaF sn. (A) kFgrs (a) akflI (e) kimAUinst. kimAUinst afpxI ivcfrDfrk pRqIbDqf, cyqMn kfzr aqy sMgTnfqimk skUilMg sdkf muwidaF `qy abfrq ishqmMd aqy ienklfbI rfjnIqI krdy sn. lyikn ienHF ivc pftoDfV, ivcfrDfrk aqy sMgTnfqimk kmjLorIaF hfvI hox krky ienHF df rfjnIqk pRBfv aqy Kyqr idn-b-idn suMgVdf clf igaf. lok supneI, pfpUilst aqy swqfDfrI rfjnIqI qoN pRBfivq huMdy kFgrsI aqy sLRomxI akflI dl vwl iKwcINdy cly gey. so asl rfjnIqk dUsLxbfjLI dy KMzy kFgrs aqy akflI dl ivc KVkdy sn. ieh dUsLxbfjLI jF cYlMjbfjLI imafrI huMdI sI. pMjfb aMdr kFgrs pfrtI dy muwK mMqrI vjoN sB kFgrs muwK mMqrIaF nfloN hux qwk sB qoN lMbf smF rfj clfAux vfly sRI pRqfp isMG kYroN aksr afpxy ivroDIaF `qy hmlf krdy rihMdy, jwt qF suhfgy `qy ciVHaf mfx nhIN, iPr mYN qF muwK mMqrI dI kursI `qy bYTf hoieaf hF.

          pihlI nvMbr 1966 nUM pMjfbI sUbf bxn qoN bfad igafnI jLYl isMG aqy drbfrf isMG vrgy kFgrs muwK mMqrIaF ny hmysLf afpxy ivroDIaF, Kfs krky akflIaF ivruwD GtIaf sLbd vrqx aqy dUsLxbfjLI qoN guryjL kIqf. pMjfb dy AuWc-pwDrI rfjnIqk mfhOl nUM sB qoN pihlF gflI-gloc aqy mMdI sLbdfvlI nfl gMDlf krn vfly mrhUm muwK mMqrI sRI byaMq isMG sn jo akflIaF leI aksr quMn idaFgf, zFg nfl iswDy kr idaFgf afid sLbd vrqdy huMdy sn. pr PrvrI 2002 qoN pihlF hI pihlF pMjfb kFgrs kmytI dy pRDfn huMdy aqy iPr pMjfb dy muwK mMqrI huMdy ijvyN GtIaf, asLlIl aqy igrI hoeI dUsLxbfjLI aqy sLbdfvlI rfhIN rfjnIqk mfhOl nUM gMDlf kYptn amirMdr isMG krdy af rhy hn, ieh aiq inMdxXog hY. ienHF dI vyKf-vyKI sLRomxI akflI dl dy nOjvfn jnrl skwqr suKbIr isMG bfdl vI nihly qy dihlf mfrn lwg gey. mOkf hwQoN sLRomxI akflI aMimRqsr dy pRDfn ismrnjIq isMG mfn, lok BlfeI pfrtI dy pRDfn blvMq isMG rfmUvflIaf aqy sLRomxI akflI dl lONgovfl dy pRDfn jQydfr pRym isMG cMdUmfjrf afid vI nhIN jfx idMdy. sfl 2006 pMjfb aMdr agly sfl hox vflIaF ivDfn sBf coxF dI iqafrI df sfl hox krky GtIaf dUsLxbfjLI, quhmqbfjLI bhuq hI igrfvt BrI rfjnIqk sLYlI ivc idno-idn mg rhI hY.

          PrvrI 2002 dIaF pMjfb ivDfn sBf coxF qoN pihlF kFgrs aqy ies dy qqkflI pRDfn kYptn amirMdr isMG, bfdl dI srkfr nUM alI bfbf, cflI corF dI srkfr grdfndy sn. AunHF iesLiqhfrbfjLI, kfrtUn aqy cox pRfpygMzy rfhIN sRI pRkfsL isMG bfdl aqy pirvfr nUM afmdn dy vsIilaF qoN vwD 3500 kroV dI jfiedfd bxfAux dy dosL lgfey. swqf `c afAux `qy muwK mMqrI kYptn sfihb dI bolI-bfxI hor invfxF CUMhdI clI geI. sRI bfdl nUM hmysLf bfdl-Cfdl, zrpok-kfier kihMdy, AunHF dy pirvfr nUM jylH Byjxf (ijvyN afp hI inaFpflkf hox), akflI nyqfvF nUM do imMt nhIN bs iek imMt ivc iswDy kr dyxf, zFg Pyrnf, bfby aqy blUMgVy (suKbIr) nUM jylH ivc pRsLfdy CkfAuxf aqy hor vI keI gYr-ilKxXog sLbd vrqxy jfrI rwKy.

          dUsry pfsy sRI pRkfsL isMG bfdl ny hmysLf imafrI sLbdfvlI rfhIN hmly kIqy ijvyN lqIPy vjoN rfjy nUM qF nhfAux leI cfr-pMj bMdy cfhIdy hn, AudoN pqf lwgU jdoN jylH jfAU, mYN qF jylHF kwtx df afdI hF, aOK eys nUM hoAU, jdoN jylH jfAU. rfjf aqy juMzlI sLfmIN 5 vjy jfm tkrfAuxf sLurU kr idMdI hY. svyry 10 vjy qoN pihlF rfjf AuTdf nhIN. rfjf afm afdmI nUM kdy nhIN imldf. lyikn sRI suKbIr bfdl hmysLf iewt df jvfb pwQr nfl idMdf irhf. ies nUM jylH dI sYl ivc ByjFgy. pqf AudoN lwgU jdoN tuwty mwg nfl iekwlf nhfAU. ies nUM iCwqrF nfl jFc isKfvFgy ikvyN bolxf cfhIdf hY.

          sRI blvMq isMG rfmUvflIaf hmysLf kFgrs aqy akflI dl nUM lutyiraF dIaF pfrtIaF, kYptn sfihb aqy sRI bfdl nUM lutyry grdfndf hY. sRI ismrnjIq isMG mfn keI vfr aYsI sLbdfvlI dI vrqoN krdy hn jo eynI asLlIl aqy GtIaf huMdI hY jo ilKx qoN sLrm afAuNdI hY. ieho hfl pRo[ cMdUmfjrf aqy hornF df hY. dUsry aqy qIsry kqfr dI lIzrisLp afpxy nMbr bxfAux leI hor vI GtIaf sLbdfvlI `qy Auqr afAuNdI hY. BfvyN iksy rfjnIqk pfrtI nfl sMbMDq hovy. ieh sfrI bwkVvfd gurF dy nF `qy ijAuNdy pMjfb dy amIr siBafcfr `qy Dwbf hY.

          muwK mMqrI, ivroDI iDr dy nyqf aqy hor pfrtIaF dy afgU rfj aMdr aihm aqy BivwK pIVHIaF dy rfh-idsyiraF vjoN ivcrdy hn. pr ienHF dI GtIaf bolI-bfxI, asLlIl sLbdfvlI, cirwqrhIx ikrdfr, iBRsLtfcfrI kfrnfmy, ivkfshIn dUr-idRsLtI rfj dy ivkfs aqy nOjvfn pIVHI dy gqIsLIl Aujly BivwK nUM puwTf gyVf idMdy hn. kYptn sfihb vwloN sRI bfdl nfl inwjI tkrfa ny ipCly 4 sflF `c pMjfb nUM bhuq vwzf nuksfn phuMcfieaf hY. pMjfb dy ivkfs nUM puwTf gyVf idwqf hY.

          pMjfb isr awj 52000 kroV rupey df krjLf, iksfnI isr 18000 kroV df krjLf, 40 lwK nOjvfn byrujLgfr hY. skUlF `c 28,000 postF KflI hox krky ividak isstm df burf hfl hY. hspqflF `c 950 zfktrF dIaF asfmIaF KflI hox krky hspqfl Kud bImfr hn. sfry ivBfgF `c krIb iek postF KflI hn jF smfpq kr idwqIaF iPr pRsLfsn df burf hfl qF hoxf hI hY. ibjlI splfeI df burf hfl hY. amn-kfnUMn df BwTf bYTf hoieaf hY. sVkF tuwtIaF peIaF hn. BUM-mfPIaf, pONtI cwZf vrgy jugfVI vpfrIaF, AuWc aPsr sLfhI aqy iBRsLtfcfrI rfjnIqIvfnF dI cFdI hY. rfj ivc isrPL 117 ivDfiek, muwK mMqrI, mMqrI, pfrlImfnI skwqr dohrf-qyhrf rujLgfr pRfpq kr rhy hn. isvfey pfxIaF dy msly nUM ivcfrn qoN ielfvf pMjfb dy anyk, afriQk, smfijk, rfjnIqk, Dfrimk aqy ielfkfeI msilaF nUM sulJfAux leI kdy koeI srb-pfrtI mIitMg nhIN swdI. rfjnIqk tkrfa dy iqwKy aqy qxy mfhOl krky pMjfb df hfl ieh hY klf klMdr vwsy qy GiVAuN pfxI nwsy.

          nqIjy dy qOr `qy dysL aMdr pRqI ivakqI afmdn pwKoN pMjfb pihly sQfn qoN iKsk ky cOQy sQfn `qy puwj igaf hY. ipCly idnIN ieknfimk tfeImjL vwloN mfAUNtIivAU hotl ivc pMjfb, hirafxf, jMmU-ksLmIr rfjF dy muwK mMqrIaF, ivwq mMqrIaF aqy snaqkfrF sbMDI kIqy gey sMmyln ivc hirafxf dy muwK mMqrI sRI BuipMdr isMG huwzf ny mUMh `qy kYptn sfihb nUM kih idwqf ik hirafxf pRqI ivakqI afmdn dy Kyqr ivc pMjfb nfloN awgy lMG igaf hY. kYptn sfihb awKF twzI vyKdy rih gey. hirafxf ivc 9 ivsLysL afriQk jLon lwg rhy hn jd ik pMjfb ivc jo iek sRI aMimRqsr ivKy mnjLUr hoieaf ajy qwk muwK mMqrI aqy AuQoN Bfjpf sFsd sRI nvjoq isMG iswDU dI KihbfjLI krky sLurU nhIN ho sikaf. iBRsLtfcfr, pRsLfsink lflPIqfsLfhI aqy ibjlI dy mMdy hfl krky pMjfb dy anyk AudXog ihmfcl pRdysL aMdr cly gey hn. hirafxf afAux vfly 5 sflF `c 2 kroV df bfhrI invysL rfj ivc krvf irhf hY. ibjlI dI pYdfvfr dI Gft, snaqI pwCVypx, KyqI dI mMdhflI aqy ividaf dy mfVy hfl krky pMjfb afriQk mMdhflI aqy byrujLgfrI dI ijwlHx ivc Ps cuwkf hY.

          ies hflfq leI swqfDfrI kFgrs pfrtI, muwK mMqrI aqy kyNdr srkfr ijwQy ijLMmyvfr hn, AuWQy ivroDI iDr dy nyqf aqy dUsrIaF pfrtIaF dy afgU vI ijLMmyvfr hn. dUsLxbfjLI, quhmqbfjLI aqy cYilMjbfjLI dI bImfr mfniskqf dI rfjnIqI ny pMjfb nUM 50 sfl ipwCy Dwk idwqf hY. pMjfb ivc aiqvfd dy 10-12 sflF dy qrfsdI Bry mfhOl qoN bfad sRI pRkfsL isMG bfdl ny mrhUm sRI byaMq isMG dy rfjnIqk tkrfa Bry dOr nUM afpxy 5 sflf muwK mMqrI dy kfrjkfl dOrfn ishqmMd aqy AusfrU rfjnIqI nfl TwlHx df ijhVf ieiqhfsk Auprflf kIqf sI, kYptn sfihb ny Aus nUM puwTf gyVf idMdy qbfh kr idwqf hY. ijwQy sRI bfdl ny aiq dy iBRsLtfcfrI sfbkf mMqrIaF aqy kFgrs dy hor nyqfvF iKlfP bdly dI kfrvfeI qoN guryjL kIqf, AunHF dIaF isLkfieqF lokpfl hvfly kr idwqIaF, AuWQy kYptn sfihb ny sRI bfdl aqy dUsry mMqrIaF ivruwD rfjkI msLInrI, cOksI ivBfg rfhIN bdly dI kfrvfeI arMBI. bfvjUd ies dy Auh aqy AunHF dI srkfr iek vI akflI mMqrI aqy sRI bfdl ivruwD iBRsLtfcfr dy dosL ipCly 4 sflF `c sfbq nhIN kr sky. hux rihMdy sfl ivc kuJ nhIN hoxf.

          sfzy nyqf ishqmMd rfjnIqI aqy ies dy blbUqy smfijk aqy afriQk ivkfs leI jn-aMdoln AuBfrn dI klf pwKoN iblkul kory hn. rfjnIqI df AupXog hmysLf smfj dy kilafx pRqI syDq hoxf cfhIdf hY nf ik inwjI lfBF aqy sOVy suafrQF leI. ishqmMd rfjnIqI dy pRfx, sjIv muwdy aqy Tos isDFq huMdy hn. ies df srIr, pfrtI df kfzr aDfrq anusfsLq ZFcf huMdf hY. ies dy sYWl aqy kosLkfvF, tksflI vrkr huMdy hn. pMjfb aMdr koeI afgU ajy qwk aYsI ishqmMd pfrtI `qy afDfrq ishqmMd rfjnIqI nhIN AuBfr sikaf.

          pfrtI df afgU vYidk kfl dI rfjnIqI anusfr svrfj aqy surfj sLfsn leI (A) ivafpk idRsLtI vflf (a) imwqr ivvhfr krn vflf (e) ivdvfn sB surfj df sfsLn Aumdf ZMg nfl clfAux vflf cfhIdf hY. jykr sfzy afgUaF ivc ieh gux huMdy qF awj pMjfb dUsLxbfjL, quhmqbfjL aqy ciYlMjbfjL rfjnIqI df isLkfr nf huMdf.

          pMjfb aqy pMjfbI smfj dI KusLhflI, sB nOjvfnF nUM rujLgfr, PslI iviBMnqf, aYgro snaq aqy afDuink snaq dI sQfpqI, pMjfb aMdr muwZly vDIaf mUl-ZFcy, ibjlI, pfxI, sVkF dy vDIaf pRbMD leI aqy sB qoN jLrUrI smfj dy hr vrg leI ieko-ijhI vDIaf ividaf leI ishqmMd rfjnIqI dI loV hY. pMjfb dy jfigRq lokF nUM BivwK ivc ivsLysL Dfrimk purbF, smfijk aqy rfjnIqk iekwTF ivc dUsLxbfjLI, quhmqbfjLI aqy cYilMjbfjLI dI rfjnIqI krn vfly nyqfvF dy bfeIkft dI nIqI apxf ky pMjfb `c rfjnIiqk tkrfa nUM rokx leI ieiqhfsk BUimkf pMjfb dy vzyry ihwqF aqy AuWjl BivwK leI inBfAuxI cfhIdI hY.

hux qwk KLbrnfmf dI vYWb sfeIt nUM pfTk vyK cuwky hn

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