www.khabarnama.com  {Punjabi Newspaper Khabarnama Toronto} email: editor@khabarnama.com 


 

ਅਖ਼ਬਾਰ ਪੜ੍ਹਨ ਲਈ ਪੰਜਾਬੀ  ਫਾਂਟ ਇੱਥੋਂ ਡਾਊਂਨਲੋਡ ਕਰ

 

 

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mnfplI df suafd!!

luwt peI hoeI hY EntyrIE dy pbilk skUlF ivwc!

          torFto stfr aKLbfr ny afpxI iek aihm pVqflIaf iksm dI rport ivwc iliKaf hY ik torFto izstirk skUl borz Coty Coty kMmF vfsqy motIaF rkmF adf kr irhf hY. jo kuJ ajyhy adfry Krcdy hn Auh afm lokF dIaF jybF ivcoN jFdf hY ies leI rport ivwc iliKaf igaf hY ik tYks adf krn vfilaF (Bfv lokF) qoN ieMJ rkmF vsUlIaF jFdIaF hn. ipMnsl qyjL (sLfrp) krn vflf sLfrpnr ijs dI kImq $17 zflr hY nMU lgfAux vfsqy $143 vsUly gey hn ijs vfsqy cfr skrUa kwsxy pYNdy hn. skUl dy bfhr lfan sfeIn lgfAux vfsqy $19,000 zflr df Krcf pfieaf igaf hY aqy ajyhy lfan sfeIn borz aksr iksy iksm dI pbilk jfxkfrI dyx vfsqy lgfey jFdy hn. ibjlI df iek plwg (afAUtilt) lgfAux vfsqy $3000 Krcy gey hn aqy brYkPfst klwb ikcn bxfAux vfsqy 250,000 zflr Bfv do lwK pMjfh hjLfr zflr Krcy gey hn ijs rkm nfl kuJ ielfikaF ivwc iqMn bYWzrUm df tfAUn hfAUs KrIidaf jf skdf hY.

          jo kuJ torFto stfr ny torFto borz vfsqy iliKaf hY Auh hor skUl borzF vfsqy vI 19-21 dy Prk nfl swc hY aqy ieh swc bhuq sfry aiDkfrI aqy srkfrF dy vwK vwK pwDr numfieMdy jfxdy hn. torFto stfr dy Koj ky ilKx nfl ieh iek ZukvIN KLbr bx geI hY aqy stfr dI ies rport dI sLlfGf krnI bxdI hY. srkfrI aqy arD srkfrI adfry zflr mFjx df iek sfDn bxy hoey hn, ijs nMU keI vfr “kYsL kfE” df nfm vI idwqf jFdf hY ijs df ijMnf duwD co lE cMgf hY. iek pfsy ajyhy rYnovysLn jF myntynYNs dy kMm keIaF dI imlI Bugq nfl huMdy hn ijhnF df stfr dI rport ivwc hvflf idwqf igaf hY aqy dUjy pfsy ajyhy adfiraF ivwc kMm krn vfly vwzIaF vwzIaF XUnIanF dy mYNbr hn ijhnF nMU srkfrF bymuhfry qnKfh vfDy aqy Bwqy idMdIaF hn qF ik votF nf Kuws jfx, lokF df muMzn huMdf hY qF hoeI jfvy.

          stfr ny jo CFxbIx kIqI hY Aus muqfbk sbMiDq skUl borz df myntynYNs aqy kMstrksLn df kMm krn vfsqy 900 vwK siklz kMm krn vfilaF nfl rfKvF (akslUisv) kMntrYkt hY. ibjlI df plwg lgfAux dy mfmly ivwc cfr GMty dI smF lwgf pr 76 GMty vfsqy ibwl idwqf igaf ijs nfl ivhly bYTy kfimaF df smF vI ies ivwc pfieaf igaf aqy ibwl $3000 df bxfieaf igaf.

          torFto skUl borz Gfty ivwc jf irhf hY aqy ies dy Krcy ivwc 109 imlIan zflr dI ktOqI krn dI loV hY qFik AuplBd bjt nfl kMm clfieaf jf sky. pbilk skUl trwstI skUl borz dI kuJ jLmIn (grfAUNzF vgYrf) vI vycx nMU iPrdy hn pr dUjy pfsy skUl borz df mFjf lfihaf jf irhf hY. ies bykYdgI bfry swB KfmosL hn aqy rport muqfibk XUnIanF vI cuwp hn. kuJ lokF df kihxf hY ik ies bfry mUMh Kohlx vfilaF nMU XUnIan ny nOkrI qoN CUwtI dIaF DmkIaF idwqIaF hn. rport muqfibk XUnIan bfs ijmI hyjLl nMU jd ies bfry puwiCaf igaf qF Aus ny stfr dy rportr nfl GtIaf sLbdfvlI vrqI pr iPr TMzf ho igaf.  ijmI hyjLl AuhnF 900 siklz tryz ivakqIaF df numfieMdf hY ho borz nfl ielYktrIkl, plMibMg, kfrpYNtrI aqy hor keI iksm df kMm krdy hn. borz dy numfieMdf nMU vI ieh nhIN pqf ik ies iksm df vrqfrf ikMnf ku ivafpk hY.

          ieh isrPL iek skUl borz df mfmlf hY aqy sUby dy hr rIjn ivwc pbilk aqy kYQoilk skUl borz hn ijhnF nMU srkfrI DMn imldf hY. skUl borzF qoN ielfvf hspqflF smyq ajyhy adfry hn ijhnF dIaF syvfvF df imafr lgfqfr izwg irhf hY aqy Krcf lgfqfr vD irhf hY.  srkfrI Krcf vD irhf hY ijs df vwzf ihwsf qnKfhF ivwc clf jFdf hY aqy srkfrI qy arD srkfrI adfiraF ivwc qnKfh vfDf mMgxf aqy idwqf jfxf iek rvfieq hI bx igaf hY.

          skUlF ivwc ividaf df imafr KMB lgf ky Auz igaf hY aqy lok hux ‘itAUsLnF’ df shfrf lY ky bwcy pVfH rhy hn pr ies bfry srkfrF aqy borz KfmosL hn. sUby dI mgMtI srkfr qF vwzIaF XUnIanF dI nfnI lgdI hY ijs ny nFh krnI ajy iswKI nhIN hY, lokF `qy tYks aqy srivs ktOqIaF BfvyN lwgfeI jfvy ikAuNik lok ikhVf XUnIanF hn jo coxF vyly cox pRcfr `qy smUhk rUp ivwc pYsf Krc dyxgy.

          sUby dy pbilk skUl akusLl hn aqy iehnF df mMqv iehnF aMdr kMm krn vfilaF dI syvf sMBfl krnf bx igaf hY. ieh vwzIaF vwzIaF mnfplIaF hn ijhnF df iksy nfl koeI mkufblf nhIN hY ijs kfrn iehnF nMU kusLlqf dI koeI loV vI nhIN hY. CuwtIaF df koeI aMq nhIN hY aqy CuwtIaF qoN ibnF kdy pIzI zya qy kdy koeI hor zya ividafrQIaF dy pVfHeI dy idn KfeI jFdy hn. jy lokF dy inafxy bhuqy pVH jfx qF ies nfl iehnF skUlF nMU kI lfB aqy jy nf pVHn qF iehnF nMU kI hfx? iehI hfl hspqflF df hY jy Auh bhuq mrUjL vyK lYx qF lfB koeI nhIN aqy jy lokF nMU GMitaF bwdI ibTfeI rwKx qF hfx koeI nhIN.

          lok ajy hspqfl qF iksy vI jf skdy hn pr bwcy Esy skUl ivwc Byj skdy hn ijs ivwc borz Byjdf hY. skUl cMgf hovy jF mfVf hoey ieh quhfzy bwcy dy Bfg hn.  ieh adfry afpxy afp ivwc srkfrF bxy hoey hn jo “styt ivd ien styt” vFg ivcr rhy hn. skUl aqy hspqfl Evr-PMzz hn ijhnF dy Krcy Gtfey jfxy cfhIdy hn qFik lokF `qy hor BFr pfey ibnF bjt Gftf kfbU kIqf jf sky. kusLlqf ilafAux, Krcy GtfAux aqy srivs  nMU imafrI bnfAux vfsqy iehnF mnfplIaF nMU qoVn dI loV hY.

-blrfj idEl

 


EntyrIE `c afto iensLorYNs rytF `qy hor rhI hY rfjnIqI

        EntyrIE ivwc afto iensLorYNs rytF `qy inrol rfjnIqI hor rhI hY aqy ies ivwc sUby dIaF iqMno pfrtIaF sLfml hn. ieh vwKrI gwl hY ik subfeI aYnzIpI ies mfmly ivwc dUjIaF dovF pfrtIaF nMU mfq pf geI hY.  aYnzIpI dy aYmpIpI jgmIq isMG ny afto iensLrYNs ryt Gwt krvfAux vfsqy iek ibwl pysL kIqf sI jo ies leI pfs nhIN ho sikaf ikAuNik aYnzIpI subfeI sMsd ivwc ies ibwl nMU pfs krvfAux leI smrQn nhIN jutf skI. aYnzIpI dy ies ibwl nMU pMjfbI BfeIcfry ivwc Kfs qOr `qy bhuq ilsLkf-pusLkf ky pysL kIqf igaf sI aqy ies df pRcfr pMjfbI mIzIaf ivwc vD cVH ky kIqf igaf sI.

          sUby ivwc asfvyN afto ieMnsLorYNs ryt hox bfry bhuq sbUq vI pysL kIqy gey sn jo ieh drsfAuNdy sn ik rMgdfr Gwt igxqIaF dI bhuqfq vfly sLihrF jF ielfieaF ivwc afto iensLorYNs ryt icwty knyzIan BfeIcfry dI bhuqfq vfly ielfikaF qoN keI vfr do gux qwk vsUl kIqy jf rhy hn. aYnzIpI vloN ies nMU ivqkry vflI nIqI grdfinaF igaf sI aqy ieh hY vI ivqkry vflI nIqI hI hY. ieh qrk ik afto iensLorYNs ryt Prfz kfrn vDdy hn, nMU vI pUrf shI nf mMnidaF ikhf igaf sI ik iensLorYNs kMpnIaF cMgf munfPLf kmf rhIaF hn ies leI  bymuhfrf ryt vfDy df kfrn hor lflc hY jdik ies qoN Gwt rytF nfl vI sr skdf hY. ies iksm dy sfry qrk vjLundfr hn pr ieh puwCxf bxdf hY ik aYnzIpI ny ies ivqkry nMU rokx vfsqy kIqf kI hY?

          kI iek ibwl pysL kr dyxf aqy ies bfry iksy iek BfeIcfry ivwc bhuq pRcfr kr dyxf kfPLI hY? brYNptn smyq ieh pRcfr jItIey dy kuJ Kfs hlikaF qwk hI sImq irhf sI aqy iswK BfeIcfry nMU ies df Kfs insLfnf bxfieaf igaf sI. vD rhy afto iensLorYNs rytF qoN bhuq sfry Kyqr aqy BfeIcfry pIVHq hn ieh isrPL iswK BfeIcfry qwk hI sImq nhIN hY. aYnzIpI ies ibwl nMU pfs krvfAux vfsqy bhuq kuJ kr skdI sI jykr krnf cfhuMdI qF pr aYnzIpI qF isrPL nMbr hI bnfAuxf cfhuMdI sI aqy ieljLfm horF `qy lgf ky kMm sfrnf cfhuMdI sI.

          ieh Gwt igxqI srkfr hY ijs dI jfn aYnzIpI dy hwQ ivwc hY. aYnzIpI jd muwT GwutdI hY qF mgMtI dI jfn inkldI hY. bjt ibwl pfs krvfAux vfsqy pRImIar mgMtI nMU aYnzIpI dIaF lylHxIaF kwZxIaF peIaF sn. aYnzIpI ny bjt ivwc mn mrjLI dIaF qbdIlIaF krvf ky hI srkfr dy bjt ibwl df smrQn kIqf sI, nhIN qF Gwt igxqI mgMtI srkfr izwg pYxI sI. aMdrKfqy aYnzIpI ny mgMtI srkfr qoN bjt ibwl dy smrQn vfsqy hor kI kI vfady ley hn ieh qF Auh hI jfxdy hoxgy. jykr afto iensLoryNs ryt aYnzIpI dI jfn, ‘mYgf-jUnIanF’ df mslf huMdf qF aYnzIpI ny bjt ibwl dy smrQn vfsqy ies ibwl dy smrQn df mgMtI ilbrlF qoN bcn lY lYxf sI pr ieh ‘mYgf-jUnIanF’ mslf nhIN sI. ieh ibwl qF rfjnIqI Kyzx df hwQ kMzf sI ijs dy asPLl rihx df lfB hI hoieaf hY nuksfn nhIN hoieaf ikAuNik ieh mfmlf iPr kdy vrqx vfsqy bicaf rih igaf hY. ies nMU pfs krvfAux vfsqy aMdrKfqy ilbrlF dI slfh vI leI jf skdI sI aqy dovF pfrtIaF dI sihmqI nfl qbdIlIaF vI kIqIaF jf skdIaF sn. pr rfjsI Kyz Kyzx vfsqy eyny qrwdd dI loV nhIN sI. aYnzIpI nMU ilbrlF vloN pysL kIqy ibwl 13 df bhuq iPkr sI ijs nfl skUlF ivwc builMg dy nfm `qy smilMgI vrqfry nMU jfiejL TihrfAux `qy aml hoxf hY. ieh ibwl aYnzIpI dy BrpUr smrQn nfl pfs vI ho igaf hY aqy jgmIq isMG ies ibwl dy smrQn ivwc mIzIey ivwc vI Kwul ky afieaf hY.

          coxF mOky kMsrvtv pfrtI ny vI jItIey dy bfhrI KyqrF ivwc vwsdy lokF dI nbjL pihcfxidaF afto iensLorYNs rytF dI gwl kIqI sI pr hux muwK ivroDI iDr huMidaF ies bfry KfmosLI Dfr leI hY. puwCxf bxdf hY ik ikAuNik kMsrvtv srkfr nhIN bxf sky, kI ies nfl afto iensLorYNs df mslf KLqm ho igaf hY?

          Gwt igxqI ilbrlF ny aYnzIpI dy ies ibwl df ivroD bhuq KVk ky kIqf hY. pihlF ilbrl ies bfry KfmosL bYTy rhy aqy jd gwl voitMg `qy phuMcI qF ies ibwl dy iKlfPL votF pf ky ies ibwl dIaF KfmIaF dwsx pYRs ivwc af gey. pMjfbI BfeIcfry nfl sbMiDq aYmpIpI aMimRq mFgt aqy aYmpIpI ivwk iZloN ny ies ibwl dy iKlfPL vot pfAux dy hux bhuq sfry kfrn dwsy hn ijhnF ivwc ies ibwl df sLrfbI zrfievrF nMU lfB aqy horF nMU nuksfn hox dI gwl khI geI hY. ajyhy nuks vI dwsy gey hn ik ies ibwl dy pfs ho jfx nfl afto ryt 30% qwk vD jfxy sn aqy ies nfl zrfievr df qjrbf qy vhIkl dI kImq df Prk KLqm ho jfxf sI. Bfv gDf-GoVf ieko rwsy bMinaF jfxf sI qy kImqI mrszI kfr df ieMnsLorYNs ryt brYNptn ivwc bxI krfeIslr jF iksy hor ssqI kfr dy brfbr ho jfxf sI.

          jy mgMtI ilbrlF nMU vD rhy afto ieMnsLorYNs rytF df iPkr huMdf qF AuhnF ieh afpxy ipCly 9 sflF dy rfjkfl ivwc nwQ lYxy sn aqy jykr awj iPkr mihsUs huMdf qF iehnF aYnzIpI dy ibwl nMU rwd krn dI QF ies ivwc qrmImF krvf lYxIaF sn jF afpxf sfPL-suQrf ibwl pysL kr dyxf sI pr AuhnF ajyhy kuJ nhIN kIqf. ilbrl jfxdy hn ik vwzy rfjsI PYsly kuJ lokF dI hfhfkfr nfl nhIN hoieaf krdy aqy nf hI krn dI looV huMdI hY.

          hYrfnI ies gwl dI hY ik ilbrl afpxI afto ieMsLorYNs nIqI nMU shI dws rhy hn jdik lok ies qoN pIVHq hn. ilbrl ies df dosL (ryt vDx) afto Kyqr dy Prfz nMU dws rhy hn ijs ivwc pUrf vjLun ho skdf hY. pr Prfz iks ny rokxf hY? srkfr kOx hY? kI Prfz lokF ny rokxf hY jF srkfr ny rokxf hY? srkfr afpxIaF puils PorsF nMU motIaF qnKfhF dy rhI hY, srkfr kol Prfz rokx vfsqy puls qoN ielfvf hor vI bhuq sfDn hn ijhnF ivwc PrfzIaF leI sKLq sjLfvF df pRbMD krnf sLfml hY. kI PrfzIaF df Bfr afm lokF `qy lgfqfr pfeI jfxf ies df sQfeI hwl hY?

          ilbrl aYmpIpI ivwk iZloN ny ies bfry afpxI pRYs rIlIjL ivwc ieMJ iliKaf hY, “aYmpIpI jgmIq isMG ny afpxy vqIry nfl sfzy Boly Bfly lokF nUM ieh XkIn krn leI mjLbUr kr idwqf sI ik jy Aus df ieh ibwl pfs ho igaf qF ieMsoLrYs dy ryt agly idn hI Gwt ho jfxgy jo shI nhIN sI.” AuhnF awgy ikhf hY, “brYNptn dy ivwc ieMsLorYNs dy hr iewk zflr dy pRImIam bdly ieMsoLrYNs kMpnIaF lgBg svf zflr dy krIb hrjfny dy rUp ivwc dy rhIaF hn  ijs df kfrn ieMnsLorYNs Prfz hY. AuhnF mMinaF ik jo lok shI aYksIzYNt dy isLkfr vI huMdy hn, AuhnF nUM vI afpxy aiDkfrF dI Gwt jfxkfrI hox krky iewk Coty ijhy klym vfsqy vI ieMsoLrYNs kMpnIaF dy qrly krny pYNdy hn.”

          ies qoN jfpdf hY ik aYmpIpI sRI ivwk iZloN nMU iensLorYNs kMpnIaF df bhuq iPkr hY jo zflr bdly svf zflr adf kr rhIaF hn aqy Auh ieh vI jfxdy hn ik jfiejL aYksIzYNt dI hflq ivwc vI lokF nMU qrly krny pYNdy hn. AuhnF ny 2010 qoN srkfrI koisLsLF df ijLkr vI kIqf hY ijs nfl AuhnF dy ivcfr ivwc afto iensLorYNs ryt siQr hoey hn aqy Prfz ivwc vI kmI afeI hY. AuhnF muqfibk ies nfl iek vwzf Prk ieh vI ipaf hY ik sfl 2012 dy pihly kuafrtr ivwc afto ieMsLorYNs rytF ivwc aYvryjL 0[18% dI kmI afeI hY. $100 ipwCy 18 sYNt rytF ivwc kmI mgMtI srkfr dI bhuq vwzI pRfpqI hY!

          afto iensLorYNs Prfz, Auh PrfzIey vI kr rhy hn jo jfalI aYksIzYNt, jfalI klym aqy afto-corIaF krdy hn aqy ‘Prfz’ iensLorYNs kMpnIaF vI krdIaF hn ijhnF nMU srkfr smyq iqMno pfrtIaF hwQ nhIN pfAuxf cfhuMdIaF. kMpnIaF df ‘Prfz’ mfpx vfsqy aYnzIpI dy aYmpIpI jgmIq isMG vFg ieko sfl aqy ieko myk dI kfr df ryt brYNptn df azrYs dy ky aqy iPr torFto dy amIr ielfky rojLzyl df azrYs dy ky pwuCx dI loV nhIN hY. ies vfsqy ieko kfr, ieko qrfeIvr, ieko myk, ieko azrYs aqy ieko iksm dI kvryj lYx vfsqy cfr pMj vwK vwK kMpnIaF df ryt pwuC lYx nfl hI sr jFdf hY. sflfnf pRImIam df Prk $100 qoN $1000 zflr qwk ho skdf hY jo dwsdf hY ik lwgf dfa hI lgfieaf jf irhf hY. $100-$50 df Prk qF mMnx Xog hY pr $1000 qwk df Prk hox df koeI kfrn nhIN hY.

          EntyrIE ivwc vwD afto ieMsLorYns rytF df mfmlf bhuq purfxf mfmlf hY aqy ies df hwl vwK vwK ilbrl, kMsrvtv aqy aYnzIpI dIaF srkfrF nhIN kr skIaF jF Auh krnf hI nhIN sn cfhuMdIaF. aYnzIpI dy subfeI pRImIar jnfb bfb rya ny vI kdy ieh vfadf kIqf sI ik Auh rytF nMU kfbU krngy pr kIqf AuhnF vI kuJ nhIN sI. bIsI dI qrjL `qy srkfrI afto ieMnsLorYNs lfgU krn dI gwl vI hoeI sI pr ieh gwl qwk hI sImq rih geI sI mukdI gwl ieh hY ik EntyrIE ivwc afto iensLorYNs rytF `qy rfjnIqI huMdI rhI hY, hor rhI hY aqy sLfied sdf huMdI hI rhygI.

-blrfj idEl

 


bjt Gftf kfbU krn leI skft vfkr qrIkf!

          sMsfr afriQk mMdvfVy nfl jUJ irhf hY aqy kmjLor dysLF dIaF srkfrF dIvflIaf ho rhIaF hn. grIs vrgy dysL afpxy srkfrI krjLy dIaF iksLqF moVn qoN asmrQ ho gey hn aqy AuhnF nMU bcfAux vfsqy vwzy dysL ‘eyz-pYikj’ dy rhy hn. grIs qoN ielfvf afirlYNz, spyn aqy ietlI vrgy dysL vI ies bImfrI qoN pIVHq hn. ies df asr hor dysLF dI afriQkqf `qy vI ho irhf hY. srkfrI bjt Gftf iek vwzI bImfrI hY ijs qoN sLfied sfAUdI arb vrgf dysL hI bicaf hovygf ijs kol qyl df pYsf hY. srkfrF ny afpxy Krcy eyny vDf ley hn ik iehnF nMU pUrf krn vfsqy lgfqfr kIqf jf irhf tYks vfDf vI kfPLI nhIN hY.

          bjt Gfty dI bImfrI qoN isrPL dysL hI pIVHq nhIN hn sgoN hr dysL df hr sUby aqy sLihrI srkfrF vI krjLy dy Bfr hyT dwbIaF peIaF hn. srkfrI syvfvF eynIaF mihMgIaF ho geIaF hn ik srkfrF vfsqy iehnF nMU PfienFs krnf muusLkl ho igaf hY. Audfhrx dy qOr `qy EntyrIE sUbf df qkrIbn awDf bjt ishq `qy Krc huMdf hY pr iPr vI lok ishq syvfvF qoN sMqusLt nhIN hn. lokF nMU hspqflF ivwc lMbIaF lfeInF df sfhmxf krnf pYNdf hY aqy keI vfr durivvhfr dy ieljfLm vI lgfey jFdy hn. isiKaf `qy Krcf aqy aPLsrsLfhI dIaF qnKfhF srkfrI bjt df aglf vwzf ihwsf Kf jFdf hY. ishq aqy isiKaf `qy af rhy Krcf df vwzf ihwsf vI iehnF KyqrF dy mulfjmLF dIaF qnKfhF hI hn.

          ishq, isiKaf, srkfrI aqy arD srkfrI krmcfrIaF nMU vwzIaF XUnIanF dI surwiKaf pRfpq hY ijhnF qoN srkfrF zrdIaF hn. ieh XUnIanF coxF mOky keI AumIdvfrF dI ijwq aqy hfr dI cfbI PVI iPrdIaF hn. arD srkfrI adfry vI ies qoN pIVHq hn aqy ieh qkrIbn hr jmhUrI dysL ivwc hI ho irhf hY. kYnyzf dI PYzrl srkfr ny eyar kYnyzf smyq keI KyqrF dIaF XUnIanF dI hVqfl KLqm krvfAux jF sMBfvI hVqfl rokx vfsqy “bYk tU vrk” kfnMUn dI vrqoN kIqI hY ijs kfrn pbilk suivDf ivwc rukfvt BfvyN nhIN peI pr mYgf XUnIanF bhuq nrfjL hoeIaF hn.

          Bfrq ivwc eyar ieMzIaf dy pfiltF dI cwl rhI hVqfl ny eyar lfeIn nMU mOq dy iknfry KVf kr idwqf hY aqy musfPLrF nMU byhwd pRysLnI df sfhmxf krnf pY irhf hY. jo lok pRysLn ho rhy hn Auh hI pRysLfnI dI  mfr jfx skdy hn. aYmrjMsI syvfvF, ishq syvfvF, skUl, post afiPs, puils aqy afvfjfeI (tRFsport) ajyhIaF syvfvF hn ijhnF ivwc rukfvt lokF dI ijLMdgI ivwc rukfvt bx jFdI hY. srkfrF ajyhI rukfvt qoN vI zrdIaF hn aqy vwzIaf XUnIanF dI vot qfkq qoN vI zrdIaF hn ijs df iswtf moty qnKfh qy Bwqy vfDy ivwc inkldf hY jo awgy srkfrF vfsqy bjt Gfty jF tYks vfDy df kfrn bxdf hY.

          sfzy sUby EntyrIE ivwc vI iehI kuJ ho irhf hY, sUby df bjt Gftf lgfqfr vD irhf hY ijs df Bfr sUbf cuwkx dy smrQ nhIN hY. afriQk mMdI kfrn lok krjLfeI ho cuwky hn aqy hor tYks dyx dy jog nhIN  hY. srkfr afpxf Krcf GtfAux qoN ies vfsqy asmrQ hY ik ishq, ividaf aqy srkfrI Kyqr dIaF qnKfhF ivwc ktOqI krnI musLkl hY. ktOqI krnI qF dUr dI gwl hY sUby dI ilbrl srkfr qF ies nMU PrIj krn vfsqy vI kfnMUn GVn qoN zrdI hY qF ik vwzIaF XunIanF nMU nrfjL nf kr bYTy. mgMtI srkfr qnKfh PrIjL vfsqy PirafdF krn qurI hoeI hY.

          amrIkf ivwc ivskfnsn sUby dy gvrnr sRI skft vfkr ny ies dy Elt sfhsI kdm cukidaF sUby df bjt Gtf dUr krn vfsqy vwzIaF XUnIanF vloN vwzy qnKfh vfDy mMgx dI qfkq Koh leI. gvrnr ny XUnIanF dI “kulYkitv bfginMg” dI bymuhfrI qfkq nMU kfbU krn vfsqy kfnMUn bxf idwqf ijs df XUnIanF vloN BfrI ivroD hoieaf. gvrnr skft ies ivsLvfs dy hn ik vwzIaF XUnIanF sUby dy bjt Gfty  aqy tYks vfDy vfsqy ijLMmyvfr hn.

          vwzIaF XUnIanF ny sUby ivwc “rIkfl eIlYksLn” mwd dI vrqoN kridaF gvrnr nMU bfhr kwZx dI qrkIb vrqI ijs aDIn sUby dy gvrnr dI muV cox hoeI. ies nMU “rIkfl-cox” df nfm idwqf igaf aqy XUnIanF ny rIpilkn gvrnr skft vfkr dy iKlLfPL zwt ky pRcfr kIqf aqy afpxf hr sfDn Aus nMU hrfAux vfsqy vriqaf. XUnIanF ny zYmokryt gvrnrI AumIdvfr tOm bYirt df zwt ky smrQn kIqf jo imlvfkI sLihr df myar vI hY.

          gvrnr sRI skft vfkr ny rIkfl cox dOrfn sUby dy lokF awgy  hOsly nfl aslIaq ibafn kIqI. lokF nMU Aus dy qrk ivwc vjLn ivKfeI idwqf aqy ies mMglvfr hoeI cox ivwc gvrnr sRI skft vfkr nMU 54% votF imlIaF jd ik AuhnF dy ivroDI nMU 45% votF imlIaF. ieMJ gvrnr sRI skft vfkr ny “rIkfl cox” vwzIaF XUnIanF dy ivroD dy bfvjUd ijwq leI. 44 sflf sRI skft vfrkr amrIkf ivwc “rIkfl-cox” ijwqx vfly pihly gvrnr bx gey hn. ieMJ AuhnF ieiqhfsk ijwq pRfpq kIqI hY ijs df kfrn sUby dy lokF df smrQn hY ijhnF ny smwisaf df kfrn pihcfx ilaf sI.

          XUnIanF df kfimaF dI hflq suDfrn ivwc mhwqvpUrn rol hY pr iek sqfh `qy ajyhf smF af jFdf hY jd XUnIanF bMDn bx jFdIaF hn. hyTlI pwDr dy kfimaF nMU XUnIanF dI Cqr-Cfieaf imlxI cfhIdI hY pr jd kfimaF df koeI Kfs vrg iek Kfs hwd qwk qnKfh pRfpq krn dy Xog ho jfvy qF XUnIanF df ‘kulYkitv bfginMg rfeIt’ nkfrf kr idwqf jfxf cfhIdf hY. nhIN qF ies nfl grIb kfmy aqy amIr kfmy ivwc pfVf vDdf hY. iek pfsy Gwto Gwt qnKfh aqy ibnF Bwqy kMm krn vfly lok hn aqy dUjy pfsy motIaF qnKfhF vfly lok hn jo hor mMg rhy hn.

          cMgI qnKfh pRfpq krn vfly ikwqfkfrF dIaF vwzIaF XUnIanF  iPr “krImI-lyar” nMU hI lfB phuMcfAuNdIaF hn. srkfrI Krcy, lokF `qy tYks aqy bjt Gtf vDdf hY. srkfrI bjt Gftf kfbU krn vfsqy gvrnr skft vfkr df qrIkf guxkfrI sfbq ho skdf hY.

-blrfj idEl

 


kfmfgftf mfrU kFz:

isafsI rotIaF syk rhI hY aYn[zI[pI[!

          98 sfl pihlF 1914 ivwc vfpry duKdfeI kfmfgftf mfrU kFZ  `qy Gor isafsq KyzI jf rhI hY. inrsMdyh ieh iek duKdfeI kFZ sI jd 376 BfrqIaF nfl Bry kfmfgtf mfrU nfm dy smuMdrI jhfjL nMU vYnkUvr bMdrgfh `qy nhIN sI lwgx idwqf igaf. ies jhfjL ivwc kuJ ihMdU, kuJ muslmfn aqy bhuqy iswK sn. do mhIny roky gey ies jhfjL nMU qyl-pfxI aqy Kurfk qoN vI vFJf rwiKaf igaf sI ijs nfl jhfjL `qy hflq qrsXog ho gey sn. ajyhf Es smyN dy kYnyzf dy pwKpfqI aqy nslvfdI kfnMUn hyT kIqf igaf sI jo rMgdfr lokF nMU goiraF qoN GtIaf smJdf sI. Bfrq vfps prqx `qy aMgryjL srkfr ny ies smuMdrI jhfjL dy svfrF nfl ivdrohIaF vflf vrqfE kIqf sI. keI puils dIaF golIaF df isLkfr hoey sn aqy keIaF nMU PV ky jylF ivwc suwt idwqf igaf sI.

          bIqy ivwc hr dysL aqy hr smfj ivwc iksy nf iksy vrg nfl vDIkIaF hoeIaF hn aqy awj vI hr jgfH swB awCf nhIN hY. awj df kYnyzf 98 sfl pihlF vflf kYnyzf nhIN hY aqy nf hI pihlF vfly ivqkry Bry kfnMUn kYnyzf ivwc hn. BfrqI ipCokV vfly sLihrIaF smyq kYnyzf ivwc rMgdfr lokF dI Brmfr hY. kfmfgftf mfrU vfsqy muafPLI mMgvfAux dI gwl bIqy keI sflF qoN AuTdI rhI hY aqy ajyhI mMg kYnyzf dI sMsd ivwc vI kIqI  jFdI rhI hY.

          sMBfvI muafPI df rfjsI smrQn swB qoN pihlF stIvn hfrpr dI rihnufmeI vflI kMsrvtv pfrtI ny hI kIqf sI. bIqy ivwc vfpry ies duKdfeI kFZ bfry sfl 2006 ivwc pRDfn mMqrI sRI hfrpr ny afpxy iek BfsLx ivwc ijLkr kIqf sI aqy ies bfry ieMzo-knyzIan BfeIcfry nfl ivcfr vtFdrf krn dI gwl afKI sI qF srkfr ZukvIN phuMc apxf sky. eysy ivcfr vtFdry dy aDfr `qy hI pRDfn mMqrI sRI stIvn hfrpr, 3 agsq 2008 nMU vYnkUvr ivwc pRo: mohn isMG mYmorIal myly ivwc cwl ky afey sn aqy hjLfrF lokF sfhmxy KuwlI styj qoN AuhnF dysL dy pRDfn mMqrI vjoN ivsqrwq muafPLI mMg leI sI. sRI hfrpr ny afpxI ijLmyvfrI df aihsfs krky PrfKidlI ivKfeI sI jo 94 sfl iksy hor pRDfn mMqrI ny nhIN ivKfeI jF ivKfAux df sbwb nhIN bixaF. ies ivwc ilbrl srkfr dy 13 sfl dy rfjkfl df smF vI sLfml hY jd sRI XF ikRqIaF dI srkfr dI kYbint ivwc mwCI mMqrI hrb DflIvfl sn ijhnF nMU mnuwKI hwkF df iPkr vwZ vwZ KFdf rihMdf sI. ies ilbrl srkfr ivwc  sfzy BfeIcfry dy hor aYm [pI vI sn aqy sRI XF ikRqIaF dy awgy ipwCy keI dysI slfhkfr vI sn ijhnF nMU kfmfgtf mfrU kFZ pUrI qrF Buwilaf irhf sI.

          ies ipwCoN bxI sRI pfl mfritn dI ilbrl srkfr ivwc vI iek kYbint mMqrI sRI AuWjl dosFJ aqy keI dysI aYm sn. ies srkfr nMU vI kfmfgftf mfrU Xfd nf afieaf pr smilMgIaF dIaF sLfdIaF df kfnMUnIkrn ies srkfr ny zMky dI cot `qy kIqf ijs df kuJ “DrmI” iswK sMgTnF ny Zok vjf ky smrQn kIqf.

          Gwt igxqI kMsrvtv srkfr bxI qF ilbrlF nMU kfmfgftf mfrU Xfd af igaf. aYn zI pI vI ipCy nhIN rhI, ies dI aYm pI pYnI pirzI vI kfmfgftf mfrU leI muafPLI dI mMg krn lwg peI. 15 meI 2008 dI sLfm nMU ilbrl aYm pI rUbI Zflf df kfmfgtf mfrU vfsqy muafPLI mMgx vflf mosLn knyzIan sMsd ivwc srbsMmqI nfl pfs hoieaf. kMsrvtv pfrtI dI srkfr ny vI ies df smrQn kIqf. svfl pYdf huMdf hY ik jy rUbI Zflf vflf mosLn 15 meI 2008 nMU srbsMmqI nfl pfs ho igaf sI qF aYn[ zI[ pI dy aYmpI jsvIr sMDU ny hux iek vfr iPr ajyhf mosLn ikAuN pysL kr idwqf? Kfs kr Es hflq ivwc jd 15 meI 2008 nMU srbsMmqI nfl sMsd ivwc muafPI vflf mosLn pfs hox ipwCoN pRDfn mMqrI sRI hfrpr 3 agsq 2008 nMU Bry myly ivwc dysL dy pRDfn mMqrI vjoN ivsqrwq muafPLI mMg cuwky sn!

          jfhr hY ik aYn[ zI[ pI[ kfmfgtf mfrU `qy isafsI rotIaF syk rhI hY aqy ies vfsqy pfrtI ny aYmpI jsvIr sMDU nMU awgy kIqf hoieaf hY. jo lok kfmfgftf mfrU vfsqy kYnyzf dy pRDfn mMqrI qoN muV muafPLI mMgvfAux dI mMg df smrQn kr rhy hn AuhnF ivcoN bhuqy ilbrl aqy aYnzIpI dy smrQk hn. ieMJ hux ieh iek rfjsI mMg bx geI hY jo kMsrvtv pfrtI df ivroD krn vfilaF vloN mMgI jf rhI hY. jmhUrIaq ivwc isafsI ivroDIaF nMU isafsI cflF cwlx df pUrf hwk hY pr hwk horF df vI hY jo AuhnF dI isafsI grfrI ivwc iPwt nhIN bYTdy.

          kMsrvtv pfrtI dy pMjfbI BfeIcfry nfl sbMiDq sMsd mYNbrF nMU aYn zI pI dy mosLn dy hwk ivwc nf Bugqx kfrn kuJ lokF vloN ieMJ insLfnf bxfieaf igaf ijs qrF ik AuhnF ny koeI mujrmfnf kfrvfeI kr idwqI hovy. swc ieh hY ik AuhnF dI pfrtI dy afgU aqy dysL dy pRDfn mMqrI ny cfr sfl pihlF kfmfgftf mfrU vfsqy KuwlidlI nfl muafPLI mMg leI sI aqy ies nMU iek ieiqhfsk Buwl krfr idwqf sI. asIN smJdy hF ik kMsrvtv sMsd mYNbrF ny aYnzIpI dy mosLn df smrQn nf kr ky koeI gLLlqI nhIN kIqI. AuhnF AuhI kIqf hY jo AuhnF nMU isafsI qOr `qy krnf cfhIdf sI.

          pRDfn mMqrI sRI hfrpr iek dUr aMdysL afgU hn ijhnF jUn 2010 ivwc eyar ieMzIaf bMb kFZ vfsqy pIVHq pirvfrF qoN muafPLI mMg leI sI. ajyhf AuhnF bIqy 26 sflF dOrfn pIVHqF nMU iensfPL nf dvf skx aqy AuhnF dy duwK nMU knyzIan sLihrIaF df duwK nf smJx kfrn kIqf sI. aksr ieh smiJaf jFdf hY ik jykr iksy bMb kFz ivwc 331 gory knyzIan mry huMdy qF knyzIan srkrF df vqIrf vwKrf hoxf sI. sRI hfrpr ny ieh muafPLI torFto dI lyk iknfry iek pfrk ivwc bxy eyar ieMzIaf mYmorIal dy sfhmxy mMgI sI aqy ies mOky ilbrl afgU mfkIkl iegnftIaPL qy aYnzIpI afgU jYk lyatn vI hfjLr sn. iksy ny nhIN  ikhf ik iek pfrk muafPI mMgx dI zukvIN jgfH nhIN hY? aqy ajyhf kihxf bxdf vI nhIN sI ikAuNik dysL df pRDfn mMqrI BrI sBf ivwc muafPI mMg irhf sI jo hr iksy nMU pRvfn sI qy hoxI hI cfhIdI sI.

          sRI hfrpr isrPL kMsrvtv pfrtI dy afgU nhIN hn sgoN dysL dy cuwxy hoey pRDfn mMqrI vI hn. isafsI ivroD nMU Cwz ky dysL dy pRDfn mMqrI df ruqbf aqy pwdvI  knyzIan lokF vfsqy siqkfrq hY. jo muafPLI sRI hfrpr ny 3 agsq 2008 nMU pRDfn mMqrI vjoN mMgI hY Auh BfvyN isafsI rotIaF sykx vfilaF dy iPwt nf bYTy pr Auh iek sMpUrx muafPLI hY. 18 meI 2012 nMU styt mMqrI sRI itm Aupl ny ies bfry sMsd ivwc afpxf pwK rwiKaf aqy pRDfn mMqrI dI sfrI muafPLI pVH ky suxfeI. kOx kihMdf hY ik ieh hfAUs dI kfrvfeI ivwc dfKlL nhIN hY?

          lMGy somvfr nMU aYnzIpI dy muafPLI vfly mosLn dy hwk ivwc 118 aqy ivroD ivwc 147 votF peIaF aqy mosLn rwd ho igaf. kI sMsd ivwc kul 118 aYnzIpI aqy ilbrl sMsd mYNbr hI hn? jy ieh dohrI muafPI vfsqy eynf sMjIdf hn qF bfkI mYNbr ikwQy sn?

-blrfj idEl

 

 

3 agsq 2008 nMU pRDfn mMqrI hfrpr vloN kfmgftfmfrU kFZ vfsqy mMgI geI muafPI dI iebfrq

“Good afternoon, Bonne après-midi, Sat Sri Akaal, Nameste, As-Salamu Alaykum. I’d like to begin today by thanking the president of the Mohan Singh Memorial Foundation, Sahib Thind, for inviting me once again to this spectacular showcase of Punjabi culture. The vibrant dance and musical traditions, exquisite art and timeless literature being celebrated here today are the fruits of a millennial old civilization whose influence spans the globe. Canada now shares this rich cultural legacy; it has become an integral part of our own cultural diversityy.

“Today over one million Canadians are of South Asian descent. These hard working men and women passionately devoted to their families and communities are helping make our country even stronger for the generations yet to come, our country that afford opportunity to all, regardless of their background, our country that offers sanctuary to victims of violence and persecution, our country of freedom and democracy, of prosperity and peace, second to none in the world. As Canadians we have before us, and before our children and grandchildren, a future of literally unlimited possibility. A lot of that promise stems from the confidence, the ideas, and the energies brought here by successive waves of newcomers drawn to our shores by the promise of a new and better life.

“Canada is renowned the world over for its welcoming embrace of immigrants. But like all countries, our record isn’t perfect. We haven’t always lived up to our own ideals. One such failure, as has been mentioned, was the detention and turning away of the Komagata Maru in 1914, an event that caused much hardship for its passengers, 376 subjects of the British crown from Punjab, and which for many of them ended in terrible tragedy. Two years ago, I stood before you and made a commitment and send then, we have acted on that.

“This May the Government of Canada secured the passage of the unanimous motion in the House of Commons recognizing the Komagata Maru and tragedy and apologizing to those who were directly affected. Today, on behalf of the Government of Canada, I am officially conveying as Prime Minister that apology. Now friends, many Canadians have worked long and hard to secure recognition for this historic event. I’d like to thank from this community, the Professor Mohan Singh Foundation, the Khalsa Diwan Society, the Komagata Maru Descendents Association, and Community Leader, Tarlok Sablok, for their persistent and passionate dedication to this issue over the years.

“I also wish to acknowledge my own colleagues, for the work they have done to help all Canadians come to terms with this sad chapter in our history. We cannot change the events of the past; we cannot undo the misdeeds committed against those long deceased. But we can bring Canadians together in the present to unite our country, and to set us on a course to accomplish greater things in the future.”

 


kflj vyly dI iek Xfd

muwZoN hI diraf idwl sn pRo[ drsLn isMG

          1980ivaF dy sLurU dy kflj dy idnF dI Pfkf msqI dy nfl nfl ijLMdgI dIaF aslIaqF nfl sfhmxf hox lwg ipaf sI. idmfg ivwc iehI rihMdf sI ik agoN kI krnf hY aqy ies sMbD ivwc kuJ nvF iswKx aqy krn dI qmMnf hmysLf bxI rihMdI sI ijs dy shfry koeI cMgI nOkrI pRfpq kIqI jf sky aqy afpxf BivwK bxfieaf jf sky jF awgy piVHaf jfvy jF koeI kors vgYrf kIqf jfvy. iewk sLfm nUM sfzy zI ey vI kflj qoN bdl ky afey pRRoPYsr gurlfl isMG nUM imlx df progrfm bxf ky asI cfr jxy jlMDr dy imMtguMmrI eIvinMg kflj ivwc gey ijQy sB qoN pihlF sfzf tfkrf pRo drsLn isMG nfl hoieaf jo ik kflj ivwc ihstrI pVfAuNdy sn. AunHF idn ivwc pMjfb df mfhOl bVI qyjLI nfl ivgV irhf sI aqy jdoN cfr pMj jixaF nUM koeI skUtr motr sfeIklF `qy afAuNdy dyKdf huMdf sI qF iewk zr pYdf ho jFdf sI. pr pRo sfihb bVy hws ky imly qy afAux df kfrn puiwCaf aqy nfl hI kih idwqf ik afE pihlF cfh pIey qy bfad ivwc quhfnUM pRo gurlfl isMG nUM vI imlfAuNdy hF ajy Auh klfs lY rhy hn. iqRvYxy cOk ivwc iewk cfh dI dukfn `qy jf ky kihx lwgy ik “pMjF kwpF ivwc sfh pwqI pf ku ilaf beI kfkf”. jdoN cfh pwqI vfl duwD af igaf qF ajy iek iewk Gut Biraf hI sI qF Auh iewk dm Cfl mfrky AuWTy `qy brPI dI sfrI dI sfrI trya hI cuwk ilafey qy myjL `qy rwK idwqI qy kihx lwgy ik awj brPI bVI svfd hY cwk jfE sfrI ies qrHF dI muV ky nhIN lwBxI.

          ijLMdgI dy nfl nfl kflj aqy sbjYktF dIaF gwlF bfqF huMdIaF rhIaF. jdoN awDy ky GMty bfad mYN ikhf ik pRo sfihb afpF pRo gurlfl isMG nUM imlxf hY aqy AunHF qoN kuJ slfh lYxI hY, afA cwlIey. pRo drsLn isMG GVI vwl dyK ky kihx lwgy ik pMj imMt hor Tihr jfE jdoN pMj imMt ho gey qF kihx lwgy ‘Auho pRo gurlfl isMG qF CuwtIaF `qy hn myry idmfg ivwc hI nhIN sI’. Aus idn ivdf krn lwgy sfnUM sfiraF nMU jwPIaF pfky imly `qy nfly kihx lwgy ik jdoN vI kdy kflj afey mYnUM iml ky jfxf BfvyN mYN klfs ivwc hovF cpVfsI nUM dws ky mYnUM bfhr bulf ilaf krnf. ieh pRo drsLn isMG nfl myrI pihlI mulfkfq sI. Aus idn qoN bfad jd vI kdy eIvinMg kflj jfxf sB qoN pihlF pRo[ drsLn isMG nUM hI imlxf aqy bfkIaF nUM bfad ivwc hI imlxf. AuWQy sfzf iek hor imwqr mnjIq isMG dPqrI amly ivwc kMm krdf sI ijs kfrn sfzI nyVqf kflj dy hor stfP nfl vI ho geI aqy sfzf kflj afAuxf jfxf suKflf ho igaf. aksr kflj vyly ieEN huMdf sI jdoN qusIN iksy pRoPYsr qoN koeI sulfh lYxI huMdI sI qF quhfnUM cfh afpxy pwilEN iplfAuxI pYNdI sI aqy keI vfr qF dupihr nUM Kfxf vI KuvfAuxf pYNdf sI iPr ikqy pRoPYsr mfVI motI gwl pwly pfAuNdy huMdy sI. pr drsLn isMG dI socxI iblkul vwKrI sI Auh afp kihMdy huMdy sn ik muMizaF kol qF iPlmF dyKx Xogy pYsy nhIN huMdy sfnUM qF iPr vI srkfr qnKfh idMdI hY.

          iek idn asIN swq jxy pRIqm isnmy ivwc koeI iPlm dyKx jf rhy sI aqy iPlm sUrU hox ivwc kuJ smF rihMdf sI aqy asIN pRo[ drsLn isMG hurF nUM imlx df progrfm bxf ilaf. gyt kIpr aMdr sunyhf dy afieaf qF  drsLn isMG afpxf pIrIaz Kqm krky 10 ku imMtF bfad hwQ ivwc iek qfjLf Doqy aMgUrF df guwCf cwukI bfhr afey qy kihx lwgy muMizE pihlF aMgUr KfE. mYN hI pRo[ drsLn isMG hurF nUM pihlF imilaf hoieaf sI aqy bfkI myry nfl dy pihlI vfrI imlx afey sn. asIN kursIaF `qy bYT gey, pRo drsLn isMG myjL `qy aYn drimafn bYT gey aqy kihx lwgy beI ies guwCy nfl 24 aMgUr hn aqy afpF 8 jxy aF afpo afpxy ihwsy qy iqMn iqMn aMgUr qoV lE. sfry hI iJjk gey aqy kihx lwgy nhIN nhIN jI pRo sfihb qusIN KfE. iPr drsLn isMG kihx lwgy ik qusIN afpo afpxy mUMh qF awz hI skdy ho ienHF iewk iewk aMgUr qoV ky sfiraF dy mUUMhF ivwc dUroN hI insLfnf syD ky pf idwqy aqy afp vI ies qrHF hI KfDy. myry nfl afey bfkI muMzy pihly hI kuJ imMtF ivwc aYny pRBfivq hoey aqy AunHF ny kMpItILsLn iemiqhfnF dI gwl CyV leI ikAuNik kuJ idn pihlF sfzy kflj dI aYm ey aMgryjLI kr rhI iewk Aupmf dfdf nF dI lVkI afeI ey aYWs iemiqhfn pfs kr geI sI ijs dI crcf kflj ivwc cwl rhI sI aqy asIN Auh crcf hI pRo drsLn isMG hurF nfl CyV leI. myrf ieh kihxf sI ik Aupmf dy bfp aqy mF donoN hI lYkcrcfr hn aqy ies krky Aus nUM Gr ivwcoN kfPI mdd imldI hovygI nfl hI AunHF dI jlMDr dI dfdf motrjL gYrfj iewk bVI msLhUr kMpnI sI aqy AunHF kol pYsy dI vI Gft nhIN sI pr myrIaF ienHF sfrIaF gwlF nUM pRo drLsLnN isMG ny muwZoN hI inkfr idwqf aqy aijhy afeI ey aYWs, afeI pI aYWs aqy pI pI aYs aPsrF dy nF igxf idwqy ijhVy sfzy vrgy sDfrn pRIvfrF ivwcoN sn.

          kMpItIsLn iemiqhfnF dy ivsLy `qy pRo drsLn isMG nfl koeI GMtf ku gwlbfq cwldI rhI aqy sfzI iPlm df smF vI lMG igaf pr sfnUM aijhI jfxkfrI imlI jo ik iksy hor qoN imlxI aOKI sI. asLok kumfr jo ik bfad ivwc afeI ey aYws islYkt hoieaf Ausy idn hI kihxf lwgf ik mYN qF qufhzy poRPYsr dIaF gwlF qoN bhuq pRBfivq hoieaf hF aqy awj qoN bfad mYN iPlmF dyKxIaF bMd kr dyxIaF hn Gwto Gt ijMnI dyrI koeI kMpItIsLn pfs nf kIqf. asIN sfry hI kuJ vKrf ijhf mihsUs krn lgy ik ijvyN hux asIN zI sI bx hI jfxf hY AunHF ivwc iksy nUM pRBfivq krn dI aYnI qfkq sI ies qoN bfad hPLqy dIaF do do iqMn ikqfbF KrIdxf afm ijhf bx igaf sI aqy ies afdq qoN ajy qwk vI KihVf nhIN Cuzfieaf jf sikaf. 

          KYr ies qoN bfad asLok ny bIey krn qoN bfad CyqI hI ‘afeI eI aYs’ ieMzIan ieknfimks srivss df iemiqhfn pfs kr ilaf aqy iPr bfad ivwc afeI ey aYs pfs krky XU pI kyzr ivwc kuJ hI sflF ivwc zI sI bx igaf. sfzy Aus swqF dy grwup ivwcoN sfiraF ny hI koeI nf koeI kMpItIsLnn iemiqhfn pfs kr ilaf sI BfvyN koeI bYNk df Cotf iemiqhfn sI jF isivl srivss vrgf vwzf sI. sfzy swqF ivwcoN do afeI ey aYs, iewk afeI pI aYWs, iewk ieMzIan tYksysLn srivss ivwc aqy iewk bYNk ivwc pI E aqy do lYkcrfr bxy. pRo drsLn isMG ny sfnUM Aus vkq iek gwl bVI jLor dy ky khI sI ik iksy inrxy `qy phuMcx leI kdy vI iksy iewk ikqfb df shfrf nf lE. Aus ivsLy `qy vwKo vwKry lyKkF aqy vwKo vwKrI ivcfrfDfrF dy lyKkF dIaF Gto Gwt pMj swq ikqfbF pVo qF hI qusIN iksy shI inrxy `qy phuMc skdy ho aqy iek ikqfb pVky afpxy afp nUM mfhr smJky pRcfr krn lwg pYxf sB qoN vwzI mUrKqf huMdI hY. AunHF sfnUM aKbfrI lyK aqy ikqfbF ivwc ilKy lyKf df aMqr vI smJfieaf. spMrk rsflf kwZx vyly vI pRo drsLn isMG nfl sFJ bxI rhI ijs ivwc sfzy vwzy vIr lfB sMDU ‘nhIN Klk dI bMd jubfn huMdI’ kflm ilKdy huMdy sn aqy ieh sFJ kYnyzf dI DrqI qwk jfrI rhI. kYnyzf ivwc pihlF pihl pRo drsLn isMG hurF nUM afm iml iglL leIdf sI pr ruJyivaF kfrn jd imlxf Gwt igaf qF AunHF dI mrdy dm qwk iewk hI isLkfieq rhI ik Xfr hux qusIN pihlF vFg nhIN imldy. AunHF dI diraf idlI kYnyzf vrgy dysL ivwc ivwc vI pMjfb vFg pUrI kfiem rhI. hux Auh sfzy qoN ivCV gey hn aqy AunHF dIaF purfxIaF XfdF idmfg ivwc GuMmx GyrIaF lY rhIaF hn.

mOqy kfhlIey jrf nf qrs kIqf, kr idwqf ey bfg vIrfn moeIey!

Pwul bfg df AuhI qoiVaf eI, ijs dy nfl sI bfg dI sLfn moeIey!

-prmjIq sMDU

 


Ebfmf aqy EntyrIE: smilMgqf dy mfmly ivwc!

amrIkf dy pRDfn sRI brfk Ebfmf ny 10 meI nMU smilMgI sLfdIaF df Kuwlf smrQn kr ky bhuq sfry lokF nMU hYrfn kr idwqf hY. ieh pihlI vfr hoieaf hY ik amrIkf dy iksy pRDfn ny smilMgI sLfdIaF df Kwul ky smrQn kIqf hY. Ebfmf ny eybIsI tYlIivXn nfl gwlbfq kridaF ajyhf kIqf aqy iPr iek dosq nMU Byjy eImyl sunyhyN ivwc ies dI qsdIk kridaF iliKaf, “mYnMU awj iek iswDf svfl puiCaf ijs df mYN  iswDf juvfb idwqf. myry jkIn hY ik smilMgI joiVaF nMU sLfdI df hwk hoxf cfhIdf hY.” pRDfn Ebfmf hux qwk smilMgI ivafh dy muwdy `qy kihMdy rhy hn ik ies `qy AunHfˆ dI rfey ajy bx rhI hY. afpxy Evl dÌqr `c idwqI ieMtrivAU `c Ebfmf ny ikhf ik AunHfˆ ny huxy ikhf hY ik ivakqIgq rUp qoˆ AunHfˆ leI ieh mhwqvpUrn hY ik Auh awgy vDx aqy ies dI puÈtI krn ik smilMgI joiVafˆ nUM ivafh krn dI iejfËq imlxI cfhIdI hY.

          Ebfmf ny ajyhf amrIkf dy Aup pRDfn joa bfeIzn vloN smilMgI sLfdIaF df smrQn kIqy jfx qoN bafd ivwc kIqf hY. sMBv hY ik Aup pRDfn ny ajyhf ibafn Ebfmf dy ibafn df rfh pwDrf krn vfsqy hI idwqf hovy. 6 meI nMU Aup pRDfn joa bfeIzn ny “mIt d pRYs” pRogrfm ivc ikhf sI ik Auh smilMgI sLfdIaF df smrQn krdy hn.

          Ebfmf dy 10 meI dy ibafn df 13 meI idn aYqvfr nMU amrIkf Br dy crcF ivwc sKLq pRqIkrm hoieaf hY. crc afgUaF ny spsLt kr idwqf hY ik Auh Ebfmf dy ibafn qoN sKLq nrfjL hn. amrIkf dy kfly BfeIcfry nfl sbMiDq crcF ny vI ies df burf mnfieaf hY. inAUjLvIk mYgfjLIn ny qF Ebfmf nMU “pihlf gya pRDfn” ilK ky koisaf vI hY. dUjy pfsy amrIkf dI smilMgI smrQk lfbI ny Ebfmf dI bwly bwly vI kIqI hY qy Aus nMU dlyr pRDfn afiKaf hY.

          amrIkf dy kul 50 rfjF ivcoN isrPL 6 rfj aqy rfjDfnI vfisLMgtn zIsI smilMgI sLfdIaF nMU mfnqf idMdy hn. do hor rfj ies pfsy nMU vD rhy hn jdik 12 rfj smilMgI-XUnIan nMU qF iksy nf iksy drjy qwk qslIm krdy hn pr smilMgI sLfdIaF nMU qslIm krn vfsqy iqafr nhIN hn. amrIkf dy 32 rfj smilMgI sLfdIaF nMU gYr kfnMUnI krfr dyx vfly kfnMUn pfs kr cwuky hn. nfrQ kYrolfeInf ajyhf krn vflf 32vF sUbf bixaF hY.

          iek srvyKx muqfibk 67% amrIkn smJdy hn ik Ebfmf vloN smilMgI sLfdIaF df Kuwl ky smrQn krn ipwCy rfjsI kfrn hn jdik 24% mihsUs krdy hn ik Ebfmf ajyhf afpxy aMdrlI avfjL kfrn kr irhf hY. iek hor srvyKx muqfibk 38% amrIkn smilMgI sLfdIaF df smrQn krdy hn jdik 24% isvl XUnIan df smrQn krdy hn.  jd smilMgIaF vfsqy isvl XUnIan df bdl dyx qoN ibnF lokF dI rfey leI geI qF 51% ny ies df ivroD kIqf aqy 42% ny smilMgI sLfdIaF df smrQn kIqf. ies df Bfv  hY ik amrIkf ivwc ajy vI bhuigxqI smilMgI sLfdIaF dy ivroD ivwc hY.

          hflq kYnyzf ivwc vI ieh hI sI bhuigxqI smilMgI sLfdIaF dy iKlfPL sI pr ilbrl pRDfn mMqrI pfl mfvritn ny bhuigxqI dy mwq dI pRvfh nf kridaF aYnzIpI qy blfk ikbYWkvf dy smrQn nfl kYnyzf ivwc pRcwlq mrd-aOrq sLfdI df Gfx kridaF smilMgIaF sLfdIaF df kfnMUnIkrn kr idwqf sI. pfl mfritn mjfrtI srkfr bnfAux ivwc qF asPLl irhf sI pr kYnyzf df ZFcf sdf leI bdl igaf.

          hux gwl smilMgI sLfdIaF qoN vI awgy vD rhI hY. EntyrIE dy skUlF ivwc bwicaF nMU CotI Aumr `qoN sYks ividaf dy nfl nfl ieh dwsx dI vI ivvsQf kIqI jf rhI hY ik smilMgI hoxf gLLlq nhIN hY. kudrq, Drm aqy smfijk kdrF kImqF ivwc ivsLvfs rwKx vfly lok ies qoN bhuq icMquq hn. ilbrl pRImIar zfltn mgMtI dI kmFz hyT aYnzIpI dy smrQn nfl EntyrIE sUbf ies mfmly ivwc bhuq awgy vD irhf hY. sUby ivwc ibwl 13 bhuq jld kfnUMn bnx vflf hY. ies ibwl dIaF do rIizMgjL ho cuwkIaF hn aqy qIjI hox vflI hY ijs nMU ilbrl aqy aYnzIpI df smrQn hox kfrn koeI arcx pysL afAux dI sMBfvn nhIN hY.

          ibwl 13 gwl BfvyN skUlF ivwc “builMg” dI krdf hY aqy ies df nfm vI “aYn aYkt tU amYNz d aYjUkysLn aYkt ivd rspYkt tU bUilMg aYNz adr mYtrjL” rwiKaf igaf hY pr ies df Durf smilMgI vrqfry nMU CotI Aumr dy bwicaF ivwc pRvfn krvfAuxf hI jfpdf hY.

          ies dy pfs ho jfx nfl skUl borzF vfsqy lfjLmI ho jfvygf ik Auh ajyhIaF gqIivDIaF jF sMgTnF df smrQn krn jo ilMg brfbrqf, rMgByd df ivroD, apMgqf pRqI sucyqqf aqy smilMgI vrqfry df smrQn krdIaF hox. ibwl dy Bfg 303[1 (zI) ivwc spsLt ilK idwqf igaf hY ik skUl borzF nMU ajyhy sMgTnF df vI smrQn krnf pvygf ijhnF dy nfm nfl “gya-stryt” alfieMs ieqafid lwigaf hovygf.         

          afpxy ivsLvfs kfrn smilMgqf nMU nf pRvfn krn vfly sUbf vfsIaF nMU mgMtI srkfr ny “kuwtxf vI hY aqy rox vI nhIN dyxf”. ies `qy pMjfbI dI khfvq “lokF dIaF juwqIaF qy lokF dy isr” pUrI AuqrdI hY. lokF df tYks, lokF dy ivsLvfs dy iKlfPL lokF dy bwicaF nMU kurfhy pfAux `qy Kricaf jfvygf. lok afpxy bwcy mgMtI dy skUlF qoN bhfr vI nhIN pVfH skdy ikAuNik mgMtI dIaF smrQk mYgf-XUnIanF nMU gwPLy dyx vfsqy srkfrI skUl isstm jLrUrI hY. iekfduwkf pRfeIvyt skUlF dIaF PIsF afm mfpy nf Brn jogy hn aqy nf ajyhy pRfeIvyt skUl lokF dy GrF dy njLdIk hn.

          ibwl 13 dy iKlfPL kYQoilk eIsfeI mfpy aqy AuhnF dy sMgTn boly hn pr hor lok ajy KfmosL hn. hor Gwt igxqI BfeIcfry ijhnF dy Drm smilMgqf nMU pRvfn nhIN krdy, ajy ies ibwl bfry kuJ jfxdy hI nhIN hn, ibwl BfvyN hux kfnMUn bnx dy iknfry hY. EntyrIE dy kYQoilk mfipaF dy aYzvokysI gruwp dy iek zrYktr ny ikhf hY ik ies ibwl dy kfnMUn bnx nfl kYQoilk crc dy Dfrimk ivsLvfs nMU Korf lwgygf jo smilMgI vrqfry nMU mfnqf nhIN idMdf. zrYktr trIsf pIar ny ikhf ik ies nfl kYQoilk crc dIaF isiKafvF nMU bdilaf jfvygf. kYQoilk mfpy skUlF ivwc ivqkrf aqy builMg (zrfAuxf-DmkfAuxf) bMd hoieaf vyKxf cfhuMdy hn pr ajyhf crc dIaF isiKafvF nMU bdlx qoN ibnF vI ho skdf hY. zrYktr trIsf ny agy ikhf ik pRImIar zfltn mgMtI cfhuMdf hY ik skUlF ivwc smilMgI sMgTnF nMU Kuwl idwqI jfvy jo skUlF ivwc smilMgqf nMU pRvfnq krvfAux aqy ieh kYQoilk crc dIaF isiKavF dy Elt hY. trIsf ny agy ikhf ik crcF nMU EltI pwtI pVfHAuxI AuhnF nMU mnjLUr nhIN hY, crc smilMgqf nMU “izsaOzrz” vrqfrf Bfv nuksdfr vrqfrf smJdf hY.

          dUjy pfsy smilMgIaF dI vkflq krn vfly iek mYgfjLIn dy iek aiDkfrI ny ikhf hY ik crc vloN smilMgqf nMU “izsaOzrz vrqfrf” afKxf “builMg” dy brfbr hY ijs dy iKlfPL ieh kfnMUn bxfieaf jf irhf hY.

          jo trIsf ny kYQoilk mfipaF aqy crc dIaF isiKafvF bfry ikhf hY Auh hor Dfrimk iPrikaF vfsqy vI swc hY. ies bfry hor Gwt igxqI Dfrimk afgUaF nMU vI afpxI jLubfn KohlxI cfhIdI hY. kYQoilk skUl 1867 dy aYkt anusfr cldy hn aqy crctr ny vI ies nMU pRvfn kIqf hY. hor Gwt igxqI iPrikaF vfsqy kYQWoilk skUl Kohly jfxy cfhIdy hn qFik pbilk skUl isstm dy grk hox `qy gYr kYQoilk lok vI afpxy bwcy kYQoilk skUlF ivwc Byj skx. lokF dy ivsLvfs ivwc dKLl dyx vflIaF ibwl 13 dIaF mwdF df ivroD krnf cfhIdf hY.

-blrfj idEl

 

 


pCV ikAuN jFdy hn iswK afgU?

keI sflF qoN dysL aqy ivdysL dy iswK afgU Bfrq ivwc vwKry afnMd mYirj aYkt dI mMg krdy af rhy hn aqy ieh iglf krdy rhy hn ik iswKF dy ivafh ihMdU mYirjL aYkt hyT rijstr ho rhy jo AuhnF nMU mnjLUr nhIN hY. ies ivwc koeI sLwk nhIN hY ik ies mMg ipwCy vwKvfdI jQybMdIaF df hwQ sI aqy hY. ies dOrfn pfiksqfn vloN iswKF vfsqy afnMd mYirj aYkt bxfey jfx df aYlfn kIqf igaf ijs df vwKvfdI iswK jQybMdIaF ny bhuq Zol Zwmky nfl svfgq kIqf. pfiksqfn vloN bxfey gey iswK mYirj aYkt jF afnMd mYirj aYkt nMU ies sbUq vjoN pysL kIqf igaf ik ieslfimk dysL pfiksqfn ivwc iswKF dy hwk vDry mihPUj hn.  ajyhI koisLsL ieh jfxidaF hoieaF vI bhuq jLor nfl kIqI jFdI rhI ik pfiksqfn ivwc ieslfimk kwtVvfd BfrU ho irhf hY ijs ny Gwt igxqIaF df ijAUxf musLkl kIqf hoieaf hY.

          Gwt igxqIaF hI nhIN ieslfimk kwtVpMQI qF pfiksqfn ivwc aihmdIaF muslmfnF aqy sLIaf muslmfnF nMU vI brdfsLq krn vfsqy iqafr nhIN hn. iehI kfrn hY ik iehnF musilm iPrikaF `qy afey idn pfiksqfn ivwc jfnlyvf hmly huMdy hn. sLIaf msijdF `qy qF afqmGfqy hmly vI hoey hn hflFik sLIaf muuslmfn vI Esy kurfn ivwc ivsLvfs rwKdy hn ijs ivwc suMnI bhuq igxqI rwKdI hY. gwl suMnI bhuq igxqI dI vI nhIN hY sgoN suMnI iPrky ivwc ivcr rhy iesmfimk kwtVpMQIaF dI hY jo pfiksqfn ivwc “Kfls” ieslfimk rfj dI vkflq krdy hn jo AuhnF dy ivsLvfs `qy aDfirq hovy. ajyhy rfj ivwc qF suMnI BfeIcfry df vwzf ihwsf vI ivsLvfs krn vfsqy iqafr nhIN hY ikAuNik ies nfl ivakqIgq ajLfdI df kql huMdf hY aqy pfiksqfn kwtVpMQI mulfixaF dI kwTpuqlI bx jFdf hY.

          gwl pfiksqfn dy afnMd mYirj aYkt dI ho rhI sI jo ik pfiksqfn ny iswK kwtVpMQIaF nMU KusL krn aqy ies nMU Bfrq iKlfPL iek hiQafr vjoN vqrx vfsqy hI bxfieaf sI. ies dy bnx nfl Bfrq ivwc vwKry afnMd mYirj aYkt dI mMg vDI aqy akflI dl qy sfbkf Gwt igxqI kimsLnr qrlocn isMG vrgy ies dI vkflq krn lwgy. 1909 dy ibRitsL vloN bxfey gey afnMd mYirj aYkt dIaF Audfhrxf vI idwqIaF jfx lwgIaF aqy ieh vI dfavy kIqy gey ik ajLfd Bfrq ivwc iswKF nMU “hjLm” kr jfx dI iewCf nfl aMgryjLF vloN bxfieaf igaf aYkt awKoN proKy kr ky iswKF nMU ihMdU mYirj aYkt hyT rwiKaf igaf hY.

          pfiksqfn vloN aYlfinaF igaf mYirj aYkt vI aMgryjLF vfly iswK mYirj aYkt `qy hI aDfirq dwisaf igaf hY. AuNJ pfiksqfn vloN bxfey gey mYirj aYkt ivwc kI kI drj hY ies bfry iksy iswK afgU ny kdy kuJ nhIN dwisaf. kI ies ivwc iswKF vfsqy qlfk dI ivvsQf hY? aqy kI ies ivwc jfiedfd aqy azfpsLn (muqbMnf jF god lYx) dI mwd hY jF nhIN hY? hF BFrq qoN vwKry afnMd mYirj aYkt dI mMg ny jLrUr jLor PiVaf hY aqy BfrqI afgUaF ny ajyhf krn df Brosf vI dy idwqf sI. iswK afgUaF ny ies df ishrf afpxy isr lYx vfsqy kyNdrI afgUaF nfl mulfkfqF vI kIqIaF, qsvIrF vI luhfeIaF aqy krYizt lYx vfsqy ibafn vI dfgy sn. srkfr ny aMdrKfqy iswK afgUaF nfl ivcfr vtFdrf vI kIqf aqy ajyhf qrlocn isMG vrgy ivcoilaF rfhIN vI hoieaf. afs kIqI jfxI cfhIdI hY ik iswK afguaF ny ies bfry afpxy suJfE srkfr jF ivcoilaF nMU jLrUr idwqy hoxgy aqy srkfr ny iehnF vwl gOr vI Purmfieaf hovygf.

          srkfr ny ies vfady nMu pUrf krn vfsqy ipCly idnIN iek ibwl rfj sBf ivwc pysL kr idwqf hY. ibwl pysL huMdy sfr hI ies df ivroD sLurU ho igaf hY aqy grm iKaflIaF vloN ies nMU aDUrf ibwl grdfinaF jf irhf hY. ies gwl ivwc koeI sLwk nhIN hoxf cfhIdf ik vwKvfdI iswK sMgTn ies koisLsL ivwc hn ik ihMduaF nfloN nfVUaf hr hflq ivwc pUrI qrF kwitaf jfxf cfhIdf hY. nfVUaf kwtx vfsqy aprysLn sfjgfr rihMdf hY jF krItIkl ho jFdf hY ies nfl AuhnF df koeI lYxf dyxf nhIN hY. cfhIdf qF ieh sI ik iswK afgU afpxI ies mMg bfry aMdrUnI slfh msLvrf krdy aqy ibwl df KrVf vI iqafr krdy qF ik kyNdr aqy ies dy ivcoilaF nfl ivcfr vtFdrf  gwlFbfqF qwk hI sImq nf rihMdf pr ajyhy kIqf nhIN igaf. vwKvfdI afgU jo hux nukqfcInI kr rhy hn AuhnF vloN vI koeI ajyhI koisLsL nhIN kIqI geI. hux jd ibwl pysL kr idwqf igaf hY qF iswK afgU do ivcfrDfrfvF ivwc vMzy gey hn. iek ies dy hwk ivwc aqy dUjI ies dy ivroD ivwc.

          qrlocn isMG, jQydfr iganI gurbcn isMG, jQydfr avqfr isMG mwkV aqy idwlI vfly jQydfr srnf dy ibafnF qoN jfpdf hY ik srkfr ny jo kuJ ies ibwl ivwc pysL kIqf hY Aus `qy iehnF afgUaF dI sihmqI sI. ieh afgU Kfs kr jQydfr akfl qKLq igafnI gurbcbn isMG aqy pRDfn sLromxI kmytI jQydfr avqfr isMG mwkV ieh spsLt afK gey hn ik afnMd kfrj ipwCoN iswKF ivwc qlfk dI guMjfiesL nhIN hY. ivafh dy mfmly ivwc afnMd kfrj gurU nfl afKrI aqy pwkf bcn hY jo qoiVaf nhIN jf skdf ijs kfrn afnMd mYirj aYkt ivwc qlfk dI ivvsQf df svfl hI pYdf nhIN huMdf. ieQy ieh dwsxf kuQfeyN nhIN hovygf ik eIsfeIaF dI kYQoilk sMprdf vI qlfk ivwc ivsLvfs nhIN rwKdI, ieh vwKrI gwl hY ik dunafvI pwDr `qy iswKF vFg kYQoilk eIsfeIaF ivwc vI qlfk huMdy hn. pr ikAuNik kYQoilkF ny kdy vwKrf aqy Kfs ivafh kfnMUnI nhIN mMigaf ies leI AuhnF nMU kdy “vwKry kYQoilk ivafh kfnMUn” ivwc qlfk vflf puwlL pfr nhIN krnf ipaf.

          pfiksqfn ny iswK vfsqy qF vwKrf afnMd mYirj aYkt bxfAux dI kfhlI kIqI hY pr ihMdUaF vfsqy ajy koeI ajyhf kfnMUn nhIN bxfieaf. ijvyN pihlF ibafn kIqf igaf hY ik iswKF vfsqy bxfey vwKry kfnMUn ivwc pfiksqfn ny qlfk dI kI ivvsQf kIqf hY ies dI GoK kIqI jfxI cfhIdI hY aqy hor mwdF dI vI. ikAuNik ivdysLI vwKvfdI iswK ies qoN bfgobfg hn ies leI ies ivwc jLrUr kuJ cMgf hI hovygf. aqy ikAuNik muslmfnF ivwc god lYx dI ivvsQf hI nhIN hY ies leI pfiksqfn ny iswKF vfsqy ies vwKry aYkt ivwc kI pfieaf hY ies dI vI jfxkfrI hfsl kIqI jfxI cfhIdI hY. ieh mhwqvpUrn nukqf hY ik ihMdU aqy iswKF ivwc azfpsLn (god lYxf) aqy AuqrfaiDkfr (ienhYrItYNs) ieko iksm df hY jdik muslmfnF ivwc azfpsLn hY hI nhIN hY.

          gwl hux afrtIkl 25 dI vI ho rhI hY aqy iswKF nMU ies qoNN bfhr kwZx dI vwKvfdIaF vloN mMg kIqI jf rhI hY. ieh iek ieiqhfsk scfeI hY ik rIjLvrvysLn dy mfmly ivwc iswK anUsUicq jfqIaF nMU rIjLrvysLn dvfAux vfsqy iswK afguaF ny iswKF aMdr jfqIvfd morcf lgf ky pRvfn krvfieaf sI jdik Bfrq dI mOky dI srkfr ieh dfavf krdI sI ik iswK Drm jfqIvfd `qy aDfirq nhIN hY aqy iswKF aMdr jfqIvfd nhIN hY.

          BivK ivwc afrtIkl 25 ivwc qbdIlI bfry vI Bfrq srkfr koeI kdm cuwk skdI hY ikAuNik iswK df iek ihwsf ies dI jLordfr vkflq kr irhf hY. afrtIkl 25 ivwc qbdIlI nfl vwK vwK iswK anUsUicq jfqIaF dI rIjLrvysLn KLqry ivwc pY skdI hY aqy iPr ies qbdIlI df ivroD ho skdf hY. ies leI iswK afgUaF nMU hux qoN hI ies `qy gOr krnf cfhIdf hY aqy ilKqI rUp ivwc dwsxf cffhIdf hY ik sMBfvI qbdIlI kI hovy? rIjLrvysLn df aDfr hI ieh hY ik kuJ pCVIaF jfqIaF pCV ies leI geIaF sn ikAuNik ihMdU smfj ivwc AuhnF nfl jfqIvfdI soc hyT zfhZf ivqkrf kIqf jFdf irhf sI. ikAuNik iswK isDFq sLurU qoN hI jfqIvfd nMU pRvfn nhIN krdf ies leI iswKF ivwc isDFqk rUp ivwc jfqIvfd nMU pRvfn nhIN kIqf jf skdf aqy ies dy aDfr `qy rIjLrvysLn vI nhIN idwqI jf skdI.

          iek hwl ieh vI ho skdf hY jo kuJ vwKvfdI iswK afgU qlfk dy mfmly ivwc sulJf rhy hn. ieh hY iswKF ivwc qlfk aqy jfqIvfd dovF nMU hI spsLt rUp ivwc pRvfn kr ilaf jfvy ikAuNik dovF dI hoNd bkfiedf brkrfr hY. aqy ies qwQ qoN sRI akfl qKLq sfihb dy jQydfr igafnI gurbcn isMG smyq sfry iswK afgU vfkPL hn. BMblBUsy ivwc pCVn nfloN afpxIaF mMg bfry spsLt hoxf lfhyvMd rhygf. ieh vI iDafn rwKx vflI gwl hY ik jo vI PYslf kIqf jfvy Aus nfl iswK dI vwzI igxqI sihmq hovy aqy kuJ kwtVpMQIaF vloN afpxy ivcfr smuwcy iswK BfeIcfry `qy Tosy nf jfx.

-blrfj idEl

 


mfmlf kbwzI vIjLy bMd hox df

izwgI KoqI qoN guwsf Guimafr `qy   

          kYnyzf dy iemIgrysLn mMqrI sRI jysn kynI ny kbwzI vfsqy ivsLysL vIjLf shUlq bMd kr idwqI hY jo kuJ lokF nMU rfs nhIN af rhI. ipCly do mhIny qoN kYnyzf srkfr dI bdl rhI kbwzI vIjLf nIqI bfry pMjfbI BfeIcfry ivwc crcf cwl rhI sI ijs nMU mMqrI ny pihlF KLbrnfmf nfl tYlImulfkfq ivwc aqy iPr keI pYRs afdfiraF nfl tYlIpRYs imlxI ivwc shI krfr idMidaF ikhf sI ik AuhnF ieh ivsLysL vIjLf shUlq bMd kr idwqI hY.

          mMqrI sRI jysn kynI ny ieh vI dwisaf ik ivsLysL kbwzI vIjLf shULlq bMd krn df kfrn ies dI durvrqoN hY. ies bfry torFto stfr ny iek ivsLysL rport afpxy muwK pMny `qy pRkfsLq kIqI sI ijs ivwc ies vIjLf shUlq dI durvrqoN df ijLkr kIqf igaf sI. kbwzI PzrysLnF aqy klwbF dy ivvfd dOrfn vI ivsLysL vIjLf shUlq dI durvrqoN dy dosL lgfey gey sn. aqy ieh dosL “aMdrilaF” vloN lgfey gey sn aqy lgfey jf rhy hn. jo kuJ kwbzI dy “aMdrly” awj afK rhy hn ieh kuJ BfeIcfry bhuq smyN qoN jfxdf sI aqy ies bfry crcf vI aksr sunx nMU imldI rihMdI sI. kbwzI dy nfm `qy “afpixaF” nMU vIjLy dvfAuxf, pYsy lY ky bMdy mMgvfAuxf, kwbzI ivwc zrwgjL dI vrqoN aqy kwbzI nfl sbMiDq lokF vloN zrwg smgilMg df DMdf krnf aksr crcf ivwc irhf hY. kdy iksy ny ieh nhIN afiKaf ik kbwzI nfl sbMiDq hr ivakqI ajyhf kuJ krdf hY aqy nf hI ajyhf ho skdf hY. kwbzI nMU ipafr krn aqy pRmot krn vfly vI bhuq hn aqy ies dI durvrqoN krn vfly vI kuJ lok hn.

          ikAuNik durvrqoN nMU roikaf nhIN jf sikaf aqy durvrqoN krn vfilaF nfloN nKyVf nhIN kIqf jf sikaf ies kfrn kbwzI `qy ies durvrqoN df pRCfvF pY igaf hY. mMqrI sRI jysn kynI vloN ivsLysL kbwzI vIjLf shUlq dI durvrqoN hox, 100 dy krIb iKzfrIaF dy gupqvfs hox, 27 dy krIb vloN rPUjI aplfeI kIqy jfx aqy kuJ ku vloN mujrmfnf kfrvfeIaF kIqy jfx bfry jo itwpxI kIqI geI hY Auh inraDfr nhIN hY. ajyhIaF itpxIaF aqy ies qoN vI vwD ky itpxIaF kbwzI dy aMdrilaF aqy bfhrilaF vloN kIqIaF geIaF hn aqy kIqIaF jf rhIaF hn.

          ies hPLqy pMjfbI post vloN iek gupqvfs hoey kwbzI iKzfrI df Aus dy spFsrF nfl qkrfr ho jfx bfry iek ivsqrq rport pRkfsLq kIqI geI hY. ies bfry ryzIafeI gwlbfq vI hoeI hY ijs ivwc sbMiDq iKzfrI dy host vloN hor gMBIr dosL lgfey gey hn. zop jF zrwgjL dy shfry ‘msl’ bxfAux dI crcf hoeI hY aqy iKzfrI dy smfn ivwc sirMjF afid hox df hvflf idwqf igaf hY. KLbr muqfibk qkrfr dOrfn hwQopfeI  jF Dwkf mfrn dI hrkq vI hoeI aqy iksy nMU mfmUlI cot vI afeI hY. gwl puils bulfAux qwk vI phuMcI aqy puils vwzI Pors nfl phuMcI. ieh kuJ mMqrI sRI jysn kynI dIaF itwpxIaF qoN bfad dI gwl hY aqy ies iksm dI hor jfxkfrI vI afgly idnF ivwc pRgt ho skdI hY. DwkfmuwkI mujrmfnf kfrvfeI hyT afAuNdI hY, ieh vwKrI gwl hY ik puils ny iksy `qy ajyhf cfrj lgfAuxf jfiejL nhIN smiJaf. ajyhI jfxkfrI iemIgrysLn mMqrfly aqy mMqrI qwk vI jLrUr puwjI hovygI jF puwj jfvygI. ajyhf pihlF vI hoieaf hovygf ijs df dosL mMqrfly jF mMqrI `qy nhIN lgfieaf jfxf cfhIdf. mMqrI qwk jfxkfrI iksy puils Pors ny afPIsLl pwDr `qy phuMcfeI hovy jF iksy afPIsr ny inwjI pwDr `qy iksy inwjI mulkfq ivwc phuMcfeI hovy ies nMU kurydI jfx dI koeI quwk nhIN bxdI. jy ajyhf kuJ vfpiraf hY jo mMqrI ny ikhf hY qF ieh shI nhIN hY. BfeIcfrf jfxdf hY ik ajyhf vfprn dI crcf pMjfbI BfeIcfry ivwc mMqrI dI itpxI qoN pihlF dI cwl rhI sI.

          ivsLysL kbwzI vIjLf shUlq bMd krn df jo kdm mMqrI sRI jysn kynI ny cuwikaf hY, sfzy ivcfr ivwc iblkul jfiejL hY aqy ies dI ijLMmyvfrI AuhnF lokF dy isr afAuNdI hY ijhnF ny ies shUlq dI Gor durvrqoN kIqI hY. kbwzI dy nfm `qy 600-700 vIjLf iksy pYmfny `qy vI jfiejL nhIN hY aqy eyny kbwzI vIijLaF df sbMD kbwzI dI pRmosLn nfl ho hI nhIN skdf.

          KuMbF vFg AuT rhIaF kwbzI PzrysLnF aqy klwbF vI iksy Kfs mksd nfl hI AuT rhIaF sn. sfzI njLr ivwc ieh swB kuJ “ivsLysL vIjLf shUlq” df lfB AuTfAux df Xqn vjoN hI ho irhf sI. jy kbwzI dI pRmosLn hI mksd hY qF Jwt sfry kYnzf vfsqy iek kbwzI PzrysLn hoNd ivwc af skdI hY pr iewQy qF PzrysLn aqy klwbF doPfV ho ky igxqI ivwc vD rhIaF hn.

          kYnyzf dy iemIgrysLn mMqrI sRI jysn kynI ny iemIgrysLn nIqI ivwc qbdIlI dI muihMm ivwZI hoeI hY ijs df mksd AUxqfeIaF dUr krky iemIgrysLn nIqI nMU kYnyzf dI loV dy anUkUl bxfAuxf hY. ieh iek sLlfGfXog Audm hY ijs dI bhuq dyr qoN loV sI. iemIgrysLn dy drvfjLy afny-bhfny Kohl dyxf koeI hwl nhIN hY. iemIgrysLn df sbMD kYnyzf dI afriQkqf, pbilk shUlqF, srkfrI Krcy, knyzIan jIvnjfc dy pwDr aqy kYnyzf dy kfnMUnF dy siqkfr nfl bwiJaf hoieaf hY. srkfr df PrjL bxdf hY ik knyzIan imafr aqy loV nfl mfp ky iemIgrysLn nIqI inrDfrq kIqI jfvy. kYnyzf dI awq nrm rPUjI nIqI bhuq sfry puafiVaF dI jVH hY ijs nMU hor sKLq kIqf jfxf jLrUrI hY. Prfz ivafhF bfry vwK vwK BfeIcfry Kud sLkfieqF kr cuwky hn ijs dy PlsrUp srkfr ny nIqI sKLq kIqI hY. ies ivwc vI hor sKLqI dI loV hY.

          ilbrl aqy ilbrl smrQk torI srkfr dI iemIgrysLn nIqI `qy bhuq ikMqU pRMqU kr rhy hn jo ik AuhnF df hwk bxdf hY pr Xfd rwKx vflI gwl ieh hY ik iemIgrysLn dy mfmly ivwc ilbrlF df irkfrz duwD Doqf nhIN hY. qfkq ivwc huMidaF ilbrl hor bolI boldy rhy hn aqy hux hor bol rhy hn jo ik jmhUrIaq ivwc aksr rfjsI pffrtIaF krdIaF hn. afny-bhfny ilbrl pfrtI dy nukqyingfH qoN jysn kynI dI nukqfcInI krn vfilaF nMU lok pihcfxdy hn. kbwzI vfsqy ivsLysL vIjLf shUlq bMd krn leI mMqrI jysn kynI nMU dosL dyxf “izwgI KoqI qoN guwsf Guimafr `qy” krn vflI gwl hY.

-blrfj idEl

 


ivsLv dI aihm qfkq vjoN AuWBr irhf Bfrq

Bfrq df mfx ‘agnI-5’

ipCly hPLqy Bfrq dy ivigafnIaF ny 5000 iklomItr dUr qwk mfr krn vflI imjLfeIl df sPLl qjLrbf krky ieh pRmfx dy idwqf hY ik Bfrq vrsL dy ivigafnI vI iksy hor mulk dy ivigafnIaF nfloN ipwCy nhIN hn aqy ies sPLl qjrby nfl Bfrq hux vwzI imjLfeIlI qfkq bx igaf hY. ies imjLfeIl dI vwzI KUbI hY ik ies nUM iksy vI jgHf qoN dfigaf jf skdf hY ies leI pwky lFc pYz dI loV nhIN hY. portybl lFc pYz nUM iksyy vI axpCfqI jgHf KVf krky imjLfeIl nUM dfigaf jf skdf hY. ieh imjLfeIl ntKt kuVI vrgI bVI dublI pqlI vI hY. ies imjLfeIl dI cOVfeI isrP 2 mItr hY aqy ieh 1000 iklogrfm bMbF df Bfr sOiKaF hI cuwk ky aMbrI AuzfrIaF Brky dUry duryzy qwk mfr kr skdI hY.

Bfrq pRcIn swiBaqf vflf iewk amIr dysL hY jo hux sfry pfisEN qoN dusLmxF nfl iGiraf hoieaf hY. ijvyN imlIan zflr dy Gr nUM iewk zflr dy ssqy ijMdry nfl surwiKaq nhIN rwiKaf jf skdf ies qrHF hI Bfrq dI surwiKaf nUM agnI-5 vrgIaF imjfLielF qoN ibnF srwuiKaq rwKxf asfn nhI hY. pfiksqfn aqy cIn qoN Bfrq nUM hmysLF hI cxOqIaF imldIaF rhIaF hn. agnI 5 dy ies sPLl qjrby ny Bfrq dy dusLmxF dy mUMh ivwc GuMgxIaF pf idwqIaF hn. cIn dy lIzrF ny hux sfPL kih idwqf hY ik cIn ies iKwqy ivwc lVfeI nhIN sgoN sLfqI cfhuMdf hY aqy Auh Bfrq df ivroDI nhIN sgoN sihXogI hY. bysLk cIn dy kuJ aKLbfrF ny agnI-5 nUM iewk Tuws ptfkf dwisaf hY lyikn cIn dy lIzrF dI cuwp iewh drsfAuNdI hY ik cIn nUM agnI-5 dy syk ny cwup hox leI mjLbUr kr idwqf hY.

ies dy nfl amrIkf ny vI ies dI koeI inMdf nhIN kIqI sgoN sfvDfnI vflI cwup vwtI hoeI hY ijs qoN spsLt hY ik vfisLMgtn ny cIn ivwcoN pYdf ho rhI rxnIqk cxOqI nfl inptx leI Bfrq dIaF jLrUrqF pUrf krn dIaF koisLsF dI cuwpvIN pRsMLsf kIqI hY. amrIkf dI cwup qoN ieh vI spsLt huMdf hY ik amrIkf pRmfxU aqy imjLfeIl dy Kyqr ivwc Bfrq dI pRgqI nUM lY ky hux bhuq aOK mihsUs nhIN kr irhf. jy dyiKaf jfvy qF 1990ivaF ivwc amrIkf dI soc Bfrq pRqI iblkuwl vwKrI huMdI sI. Aus smyN amrIkI srkfr ny pRmfxU aqy imjLfeIl pRogrfm nUM lY ky Bfrq dy iKlfPL sKLq ruK apxfieaf sI jo ik hux iblkul hI Ault hY. amrIkf ny svIkfr kr ilaf hY ik Bfrq nUM awgy vDx qoN rokxf hux musLkl kMMm hY. ies krky amrIkf hux Bfrq nUM iewk rxnIqk BfeIBfl mMnx lwg ipaf hY ikAuNik Bfrq dI afriQk aqy pRmfxU qfkq vwD rhI hY jo eysILaf dI suriwKaf aqy siQrqf nUM bVfvf dyx leI jrUrI smJI jf rhI hY. pfiksqfn aqy cIn kol Bfrq dy aMdr mfr krn vflIaF imjfLeIlF pihlF hI mOjUd hn. jy hux Bfrq ny vI aijhI imjfLeIlI sLkqI pYdf kr leI hY qF ies nUM vI svIkfr krnf bxdf hY. ijhVy Bfrq dy imjLfeIlI qfkq qoN buKlf ky Bfrq dy ivruwD pRcfr kr rhy hn ik Bfrq dy ies kdm nfl ies Kyqr ivwc hiQafrF dI hoV lwg jfvygI aqy ijs nfl ies Kyqr ivwc sLfqI BMg hovygI. sfzI jfcy aijhf kuJ vI nhIN hovygf aqy ienHF dosLF df koeI afDfr nhIN hY. Bfrq afpxI imjLfeIlI qfkq ivwc vfDf krky ies Kyqr ivwc hiQafrF dI hoV vDfAux dI rfh vwl nhIN cwl irhf sgoN ies Kyqr ivwc siQrqf ilafAux leI sLkqI sMquln kfiem kr irhf hY.

dUsry pfsy afriQk ivkfs ivwc Bfrq nUM mfq dyxf hux muLsLkl hY. cIn dy ivkfs ivwc KVoq afAuxI sLurU ho geI hY aqy amrIkf pihlF hI mMdI nfl JMiBaf ipaf hY aqy XUrp nUM mMdvfVy ivwcoN inklx leI koeI rsqf nhI nhIN idsdf. jdik Bfrq ajy vI afriQk siQrqf vflI siQqI ivwc hY afAuNdy smyN ivwc dunIaf dy hor dysLF nfloN vwD afriQk qrwkI vflf mulk bx ky inklgf. ies df kfrn ieh hY ik Bfrq dI afbfdI 1[21 iblIan hY aqy ies ivwcoN 65% dy krIb lok 35 sfl qoN Gwt Aumr dy nOjvfn lok hn. ies qoN vI awgy kuwl abfdI dy 50% lok 25 sfl qoN Gwt Aumr dI hY. iksy vI dysL df nOjvfn vrg hI huMdf hY jo iksy dysL nUM qrwkI dIaf lIhF `qy qordf hY BfvyN Auh zfktr, ivigafnI jF isafsqdfnF dy rup ivwc jF Auh AupBogI dy rUp ivwc hovy. Bfrq ivwc potYNnsLIal bhuq hY. arQsfsLqrIaF anusfr nOjvfn vrg hI sB qoN vDIaf AupBogqf huMdf hY. Bfrq ivwc anpVqf vI 24% rih geI hY.

dUsry pfsy cIn ivwc buWZy lokF dI afbfdI vDI jf rhI hY. nOjvfn cInI muizaF nUM ivafh krvfAux leI kuVIaF nhIN iml rhIaF. iek aMdfjLy muqfibk afAuNdy iewk dhfky ivwc 20 qoN 30 imlIan nOjvfnF nUM ivafhF vfsqy kuVIaF nhIN imlxgIaF ijs kfrn ieh nOjvfn pRIvfrk bMDnf ivwc nf bwJ ky aprfDI rucIaF vfly bx jfxgy. iewk bwcy dI nIqI ny afbfdI ivwc qF kmI kIqI hY pr ilMg anupfq ivwc coKf vfDf kr idwqf hY ijs df cIn nUM afAudy smyN ivwc nuksfn hovygf ikAuNik nOjvfn KrIddfr vrg dI afbfdI Gwt jfvygI. kYnyzf, amrIkf ieMglYNz ivwc vI lok vwzI igxqI ivwc buZfpy vwl vD rhy hn jdik nOjvfn vrg bjurgF dy mukfbly pihlF nfloN Gt irhf hY pr Bfrq ivwc aijhI smwisaf nhIN hY. 2020 qwk Bfrq dy 325 imlIan lok kMm krn dI Aumr ivwc pYr Dr lYxgy jd ik amrIkf ivwc 2020 qwk kMm krn vfly 17 imlIan lok hux nfloN Gt jfxgy, iews pRkfr cIn ivwc 10 imlIan Gtxgy, jpfn ivwc 9 imlIan aqy rUs ivwc 6 imlIan lok Gt jfxgy jd ik Bfrq ivwc 47 imlIan vWD lok ho jfxgy. bysLk ies nfl byrujLgfrI dI smwisaf pYdf hox df Kqrf vwD jfvygf agr srkfr ny byrujLgfrI aqy kurwpsLn vrgIaF ibmfrIaF `qy kfbU pf ilaf qF Bfrq nUM ivsLv srdfrI vwl vDx qoN koeI qfkq rok nhIN skdI.

-prmjIq sMDU

 


mfmlf brYNptn `c bysmYNt apfrmYtF dy kfnMUnIkrn df

          brYNptn ivwc bysmYNt apfrtmYNtF dy kfnMUnIkrn df mslf iek vfr iPr crcf df ivsLf bx igaf hY aqy ies bfry torFto stfr dI vIrvfr dI rport ny ies nMU hor BKf idwqf hY. sLihr `c vwsdy iemIgrNMt BfeIcfry Kfs kr pMjfbI BfeIcfry df vwzf ihwsf bysmYNt apfrtmYNtF dy kfnMUnIkrn dI mMg icrF qoN krdf irhf hY. ies df ivroD muwKDfrf dy vsnIkF vloN kIqf jFdf irhf hY jo ieh smJdy hn ik bysmYNt apfrtmYNtF dy kfnMUnIkrn nfl sLihr ivwc abfdI vD jfvygI aqy sVkF `qy tRYiPk ivwc vfDf ho jfvygf. ies dy nfl hI skUlF ivwc bwicaF dI igxqI vDx aqy sVkF `qy iKlfrf vDx dy vI KdsLy pRgt kIqy jf rhy hn ikAuNik vwD abfdI df mqlb vwD kUVf vI hovygf ijs nMU cuwkx vfsqy sLihr dy sPfeI mihkmy `qy boJ pvygf.

          brYNptn istI kONsl ies mfmly nMU keI vfr rwd kr cuwkI hY.  pr sUbf srkfr vloN pfs kIqf igaf iek kfnMUn ies sfl dy sLurU ivwc lfgU ho igaf hY ijs aDIn sLihrI srkfrF nMU ikhf igaf hY ik bysmYNt apfrtmYNtF df kfnMUnIkfrn kIqf jfvy qFik sUby ivwc “aPorzybl rhfiesL” dI smwisaf df hwl ho sky. “aPorzybl rhfiesL” iek ajyhI smwisaf hY jo srkfrF vfsqy “tyzI KIr” bx jFdI hY. pihlF srkfrF ajyhy ssqy aqy sbsyzfeIjzL apfrtmYNt bxfAuNdIaF hn aqy iPr AuhnF dI myntynYNs `qy Krc afAuNdf hY. PYzrl aqy subfeI srkfrF ajyhy apfrtmYNt bxfAux vfsqy sLihrI srkfrF dI mdd krdIaF hn. ieMJ iqMno pwDr dIaF srkfrF `qy ajyhIaF rhfiesLF df Bfr pYNdf hY aqy hux jd afriQk mMdvfVy df jLmfnf hY qF srkfrF vfsqy ajyhy KricaF vfsqy bjt AuplBd nhIN hY. hor Krcy df mqlb hor bjt Gftf jF srkfrF isr hor krjLf hY jo kdy nf kdy tYks bx ky lokF isr pYxf huMdf hY. ikAuNik “aPorzybl rhfiesLF” dI sUby ivwc Gft hY ies leI sUbf srkfr ny Auprokq kfnMUn bxfieaf hY ijs aDIn sLihrI srkfrF nMU bysmyNt apfrtmYNtF dy kfnMUnIkrn vfsqy afiKaf igaf hY.

          torFto smyq sUby dy vwK vwK sLihrF Kfs kr zfAUn tfAun dy ielfikaF ivwc bysmYNt apfrtmYNt pihlF qoN hI lIgl hn. brYNptn ivwc vI sLihr dy purfxy ihwsy ivwc bysmYNt apfrtmYNt kfnMUnI ZMg nfl bxy hoey hn jF bnx ipwCoN kfnMUnI drjf pRfpq kr cuwky hn. brYNptn dy nvyN ielfikaF ivwc vI bysmYNt apfrtmYNt bxy hoey hn aqy ikrfey `qy vI cVHy hoey hn ieh vwKrI gwl hY ik AuhnF nMU kfnMUnI drjf pRfpq nhIN hY. kfnMUnI drjf pRfpq nf hox kfrn iehnF bysmYNt apfrtmYNtF ivwc surwiKaf KfmIaF ho skdIaF hn jo aYmrjMsI ivwc jfnF df KOa bx skdIaF hn.  kfnUMnIkrn nfl ieh KfmIaF sLihrI kfnMUn muqfibk dUr krnIaF pYxgIaF  ijs nfl surwiKaf vDygI. ies df lfB Gr dy mflk aqy ikrfeydfr dovF nMU hI hovygf. surwiKaf dI Gft kfrn nuksfn ho skdf hY aqy sLihr ivwc ies smyN gYr kfnMUnI bysmYNt apfrtmYNtF dI Brmfr hY. sVkF `qy tRYiPk, GrF awgy pfrikMg aqy nvyN skUlF ivwc ividafrQIaF dI igxqI pihlF hI vwD hY.

          brYNptn istI kONsl ies mfmly `c iekmwq nhIN jfpdI. istI kONslr sRI ivwkI iZloN bysmYNt apfrtmYntF dy kfnMUnIkrn dy hwk ivwc hfmI Br cuwky hn jdik kuJ hor kONslr ies dy hwk ivwc nhIN hn. kuJ ies bfry spsLt stYNz lYx qoN zrdy hn ikAuNik Auh iksy Kfs vrg nMU nrfjL nhIN krnf cfhuMdy. torFto stfr nfl gwlbfq kridaF kOslr grYNt igbsn ny surwiKaf, skUlF ivwc bwicaF dI igxqI ivwc vfDf hox aqy Pfier inXmF dI AulMGxf hox dy KLdsLy pRgt kIqy hn aqy nfl hI pRfprtI tYks ivwc sMBfvI vfDy vwl vI aisDf iesLfrf kIqf hY ijs nMU Aus ny “pRfprtI tYks PfrmUlf azjstmYNt” df nfm idwqf hY. kOslr grYNt igbsn brYNptn dI bfeI lfa kmytI dy cyar vI hn.

          kOslr grYt igbsn muqfibk ies mfmly bfry iek rport agly hPLqy af rhI hY jo iehnF sfry nukiqaF bfry dwsygI jo kfnMUnIkrn nfl sbMiDq hn. ies ipCoN istI kONsl lokF nfl slfh msLvry sLurU krygI jo iehnF grmIaF ivwc hox dI sMBfvnf hY aqy lokF dI slfh nfl hI istI kONsl bfry afpxI nIqI inrDfrq krygI.

          torFto ivwc bysmYNt apfrtmYNtF bfry bfeI lfa hY aqy imsIsfgf smyq hor sLihr ies mfmly ivwc awgy vD rhy hn ikAuNik “aPorzybl rhfiesL” hr sLihr df mslf hY. istI kOslr ivwkI iZloN  muqfibk sLihr ivwc 30 hjLfr gYr kfnMUnI bysmYNt apfrtmYNt hn jo inXmF muqfibk nhIN bxy ies leI surwiKaf vfsqy vwzf Kqrf hn. kONslr iZloN dy ies qrk ivwc pUrf dm hY aqy kmIaF pysLIaF dUr krn vfsqy bysmYNt apfrtmYNtF df kfnMUnIkrn ieko iek rsqf hY.

          rhI gwl tYks azjstmYNt jF tYks vfDy dI ies df PfrmUlf istI kol pihlF hI hovygf jo iksy Gr ivwc rihxXog jgfH dy vfDy `qy aDfirq hovygf. istI nMU ies mfmly nMU “tYks grYb” vfsqy kdy vI nhIN vrqxf cfhIdf aqy afs kIqI jfxI cfhIdI hY ik istI kOslr ivwkI iZloN aqy hor kOsl mYNbr ajyhf nhIN hox dyxgy.

          bysmYNt apfrtmYNtF dy kfnMUnIkrn nfl GrF dIaF kImqF ivwc vI vfDf hovygf jo iksy mOky tYks vDx df kfrn bxygf. ies nfl GrF `qy krjLf vI ho vDygf ikAuNik mflk ikrfey nMU afmdn ivKf ky vDyry krjLf lY skxgy. kfnMUnIkrn df vwzy aqy sFJy prvfrF nMU vI lfB hovygf jo ieko Cwq hyT rihxf psMd krdy hn aqy ies df lfB nvyN iemIgrMtF nMU vI hovygf jo ssqf bysmYNt apfrtmYNt lY skxgy jF bysmYNt qoN ikrfey dI afmdn kfrn jldI Gr KrId skxgy. bysmYNt apfrtmYtF dy kfnMUnIkrn nMU hor smyN leI rokxf shI nhIN hovygf.

-blrfj idEl, KLbrnfmf #658, aprYl 20-2012

 


ieh nPLy df rsqf nhIN hY!

          ieh jmhUrIaqF dI iek vwzI kmjLorI bx jFdI hY ik hr iksy nMU afpxI gwl afKx dI Kuwl keI vfr KsmfxcODy ivwc bdl jFdI hY aqy hr koeI “myrI suxI geI” df dfavf krn jogf ho jFdf hY. jo Aupr vyKx nMU imldf hY Aus dy hyT kuJ hor huMdf hY. jmhUrIaq ivwc afgU votF ipwCy keI vfr nf cfhuMdy aqy nf sihmq huMdy hoey vI afAuNdy hn. afgU af jfx qF ies df mqlb hmysLf pUrf “smrQn” nhIN huMdf. keI vfr qF “bfb rya” Bfxf vI vfpr jFdf hY. aftvf ivwc 28 mfrc vflI rYlI nMU sMboDn kridaF PYzrl ilbrl afgU bfb rya ny ieh afKxf jLrUrI smiJaf sI ik asIN Bfrq dy dosq hF aqy Auh iksy Kfs soc df smrQn krn nhIN afey. ajyhf sRI bfb rya nMU ies krky krnf ipaf ikAuNik ies rYlI dI pRqwK aqy apRqwK Bfvnf sRI bfb rya nMU sunyhF dy rhI sI Auh Aus nfl sihmq nhIN sn.

          hor isafsI afgUaF dIaF ies mOky idwqIaF geIaF spIcF nMU iDafn nfl suxIey qF “bfb rya” vflI Bfvnf spsLt smJ afAuNdI hY ieh vwKrI gwl hY ik AuhnF bfbf rya vFg spsLt kuJ kihxf jLrUrI nhIN smiJaf. sRI bfb rya dI itwpxI kuJ lokF nMU rfs nhIN afeI aqy AuhnF ies nMU gYr-jLrUrI dwisaf hY. pr sRI bfb rya ny ies nMU jLrUrI smiJaf aqy AuhnF ieh itpxI spsLt sLbdF ivwc kr idwqI sI hFlfik AuhnF mOq dI sjLf df spsLt sLbdF ivwc ivroD vI kIqf hY. sRI rya jfxdy sn ik AuhnF df mOq dI sjLf df ivroD Bfrq df ivroD nf smiJaf jfvy jF nf bxf idwqf jfvy ies leI AuhnF ny spsLtqf nMU mUhry rwiKaf sI.

          amrIkf ivwc ies hPqy iek KLbr afeI hY ik kuJ iswK afgUaF ny kYlIPornIaF ivwc amrIkf dIaF af rhIaF pRDfngI coxF ivwc irpbilkn pfrtI dI AumIdvfrI dy aiBlfsLI sRI rOn pfl nMU “gfˆDI aMzr krfs agËfmInyÈn” nfm dI iek ikqfb ByNt kIqI hY ijs ivwc mhfqmf gFDI dI sKLq nukqfcInI kIqI geI hY. mhfqmf gFDI 30 jnvrI 1948 nMU iek nPLrq nfl Bry ihMdU kwtVpMQI dIaF golIaF df isLkfr ho ky ‘hy rfm’ afKdy hoey ies sMsfr nMU iqafg gey sn. svfl pYdf huMdf hY ik kI awj qkrIbn 64 sfl bfad vI Auh kuJ lokF vfsqy aiVkf bxy hoey hn? kI kuJ iswK afgU ieh smJdy hn ik mhfqmf gFDI ny AuhnF df vwKvfd Twilaf hoieaf hY? jF Bfrq dy rfj isMGfsn `qy iek vI idn nf bYTx vfly mhfqmf gFDI ny AuhnF nfl byiensfPI kr jF krvf idwqI sI? jy mhfqmf gFDI ny rfjsI qfkq qoN ibnF hI koeI vwzf ivqkry vflf kMm kr idwqf sI qF ies dy sbUq vI hoxy cfhIdy hn, AuhnF vloN kiQq qOr `qy mihj kuJ sLbd kih dyxy AuhnF nMU ksUrvfr Tihrf dyx vfsqy kfPLI nhIN hn. 15 agsq 1947 nMU ajLfd hoey Bfrq aqy 30 jnvrI 1948 nMU kql hoey mhfqmf gFDI ivckfr isrPL sfZy pMj mhIny df aMqr hY. Bfrq dI ajLfdI df jo inwG gFDI jI ny mfixaf Auh 6 mhIny qoN Gwt bxdf hY aqy ieh smF vI AuhnF rPUjI kYNpF aqy PsfdIaF awgy rihm dIaF apIlF krn ivwc hI gujLfiraf sI.

          mhfqmf gFDI kOx sI jF kI sI ieh ieiqhfs df ihwsf bx cuwkf hY aqy ies df svrgvfs ho cuwky mhfqmf gFDI `qy koeI asr nhIN hY. mn lE jy kr amrIkI rIpbilkn afgU sRI rOn pfl ikqfb pVH ky ieh mn vI lYx ik gFDI bhuq cMgf afdmI nhIN sI ijs dI ikqfb ByNNt krn vfly afs krdy hoxgy, qF ies nfl bdl kI jfvygf? dunIaF dy bhuq vwzy vwzy afgU gFDI jI nMU afpxf pRyrxf sroq mMndy hn ijhnF ivwc sRI brfk Aubfmf vI sLfml hn, jykr kuJ hor AuhnF nMU nf vI pRvfn krn qF ies nfl kI Prk pY jfvygf? gFDI jI nMU iswKF df dusLmx bxf ky pysL krn df koeI lfB nhIN hY, iehI aYnrjI BivK nMU sfhmxy rwK ky vrqI jfxI cfhIdI. afm iensfnF vFg gFDI jI ivwc kuJ nuks vI hoxgy aqy keI lok AuhnF nfl aishmq vI hoxgy pr ieh bIqy dI gwl hY aqy ies nMU bIqy dy sMdrB ivwc hI vyiKaf aqy ivcfiraf jfxf cfhIdf hY.

          huxy hoeIaF rfjoafxf rYlIaF vwl ‘bfhrly’ pwK qoN vyKIey qF ieh pRBfv imldf hY ik iswK iek “afqmGfqI ihAUmn bMb” df smrQn kr rhy hn, AuNJ kihx nMU BfvyN mOq dI sjLf df ivroD hI kr rhy hn. knyzIan mIzIaf dy iqMn adfiraF nYsLnl post, sIbIsI aqy torFto sMn dy pwqrkfrF ny ies `qy sKLq itpxIaF kIqIaF sn. iehnF iqMno pqrkfrF jnfQn kya, tYrI mlvskI aqy qfirk Piqhf nMU DmkI BrIaF itpxIaF df sfhmxf krnf ipaf hY aqy kuJ DmkI BrIaF eImylF vI AuhnF nMU kIqIaF geIaF. qfirk Piqhf ny qF afpxf afrtIkl ieh DmkIaF imlx qoN ipwCoN hI iliKaf sI. iehnF iqMnf pwqrkfrF dIaF ilKqF dy aMq ivwc sYNkVy lokF ny afpxIaF itpxIaF kIqIaF hn jo muK Dfrf dy lokF df spsLt ivroD aqy knyzf dy jMmpl kuJ iswK nOjvfnF vloN rfjoafxf aqy horF dIaF isPLqF vwl sMkyq krdIaF hn.

          ilbrl afgU AuWjl dosFJ `qy “rYzIkl soc df psfr ho irhf” afKx `qy kys drj kr idwqf igaf sI. Auprokq kys ivwc muwKDfrf aqy  knyzf dy jMmpl kuJ iswK nOjvfnF dI soc ivwc vwzf pfVf njLr afAuNdf hY ijs nMU “rYzIkl soc” afKx kfrn sRI Aujl dosFJ nMU adflqI kys df sfhmxf krnf pY irhf hY. ieh pRBfv dyx dI koisLsL vI kIqI jf rhI hY ik pMjfb ivwc sLFqI svrgI muwK mMqrI byaMq isMG dy kql dy iswty vjoN hoeI sI. jdik ieh iek ieiqhfsk qwQ hY ik byaMq isMG dy qfkq ivwc afAux qoN pihlF pMjfb iek asLFq sUbf bx cuwkf sI aqy byaMq isMG dy kfrjkfl dOrfn sLurU ivwc juvfbI ‘ihMsf’ vDI pr kfrjkfl dy afKrI  sfl qwk pMjfb ivwc sLFqI df dOr prq afieaf sI. BfvyN ies ivwc hor bhuq sfry PYktr vI hn aqy dovF pfsy byksUry mfry gey hn pr ies df sfrf dosL byaMq isMG isr mVH dyxf aqy Aus dy kfqlF nMU “sLFqI” dy dUq dwsxf vI shI nhIN hY.

          byaMq isMG `qy ieh dosL lgfAuxf ik Auh 20-25% votF nfl qfkq `qy kfbjL hoieaf sI, vI ies leI shI nhIN hY ikAuNik awj ieh dosL lgfAux vfly 1992 ivwc bMdUk dI nok `qy coxF df bfeIkft krvfAuxf afpxI sLfn qy pRfpqI smJdy sn. pMjfb ivwc coxF dy bfeIkft vfsqy votF pfAux vfilaF nMU soDx dIaF DmkIaF jykr byaMq isMG jF Aus dI pfrtI ny idwqIaF huMdIaF qF 20-25% votF nfl ijwqx df dosL AuhnF nMU idwqf jf skdf sI.

          vwKvfdI iDrF nMU afpxI 1992 dI cox bfeIkft dI pYNqVybfjLI dI pVcol kr lYxI cfhIdI sI jF ajy vI kr lYxI cfhIdI hY. awj vI kuJ lok “bMdUk dI nok” `qy pRfpqI krn dI afs lgfeI bYTy hn aqy kuJ nOjvfn iPr Btkx dy rsqy pY skdy hn ijs nfl nuksfn hI hovygf, lfB dI afs rwKxI isafxp nhIN hovygI. ihMsf TIk rsqf nhIN hY aqy ies df dosL iPr iksy hor nMU dyxf shI nhIN hovygf. ieh nPLy df rsqf nhIN hY ies qoNN bcx aqy horF nMU bcfAux dI loV hY. kuJ lok Bfvukqf nMU vrq ky lfhf lYx dI qfk ivwc bYTy rihMdy hn ijhnF qoN hmysLf Kbrdfr rihx dI loV hY.

-blrfj idEl

 


dysL dIaF loVF dy hfx dI iemIgrysLn nIqI!

iemIgrysLn mMqrI sRI jysn kYnI dI rihnumfeI hyT kYnyzf dI iemIgrysLn nIqI df nvInIkrn ho irhf hY jo ik bhuq pihlF ho jfxf cfhIdf sI. bdiksmqI nfl srkfrF iemIgrysLn nIqI nMU votF iKwcx vfsqy vrqdIaF af rhIaF hn ijs kfrn ieh nIqI iek hiQafr bx ky rih geI sI. ies ivwc dysL dIaF loVF vwl AuWkf hI iDafn nhIN sI idwqf jf irhf ijs kfrn ieh gYr-XQfrQk nIqI hI khI jf skdI hY.

          1993 qoN lgfqfr 13 ku sfl aftvf ivwc ibrfjmfn rhI ilbrl srkfr vI ieh jfxdI sI ik iemIgrysLn nIqI nuksdfr hY pr ies srkfr dI kihxI aqy krnI ivwc bhuq Prk sI. 1993 dIaF coxF vyly ilbrl pfrtI ny afpxI “rYz buwk” nfm dy cox mYnIPYsto ivwc sflfnf iemIgrysLn dr abfdI df 1% rwKx df tIcf imiQaf sI pr 13 sflF ivwc iksy iek sfl vI ieh tIcf pUrf nhIN kIqf sI. sgoN ilbrl srkfr ny iemIgrysLn PIs dy rUp ivwc 1475 zflr df hYWz tYks lfgU kIqf aqy keI kYtfgrIaF nMU KLqm kIqf aqy horF ivwc kotf lfgU kIqf. mfipaF dIaF arjLIaF ivwc kotf vI ilbrl srkfr dI dyx sI AuNJ BfvyN ilbrl “PYmlI rIXUnIPIkysLn” df rfg AudoN vI alfpdy sn aqy awj vI alfp rhy hn. ilbrl jfxdy sn ik mfipaF dI iemIgrysLn, nvyN iemIgrMtF dI igxqI nMU jLrb `qy jLrb dyx vflI gwl hY ijs nMU sImq krnf jLrUrI hY. iehI kfrn hY ik AuhnF cuwp cfp kotf lfgU kr idwqf ijs nfl AuzIk dIaF lfeInF lMbIaF ho geIaF. mfipaF dI spFsrisLp nMU sImq krn jogf AuhnF kol hOslf nhIN sI. kotf vI iek qrF nfl “sImq” krn df hiQafr hI sI ijs nMU ilbrl srkfr ny cuwp cfp vriqaf aqy iemIgrMtF dIaF votF vI btordy rhy.

          kMsrvtv srkfr ny afpxIaF ipClIaF do “arD-trmF” dOrfn jd Auh Gwt igxqI srkfr clf rhy sn qF iemIgrysLn ivwc kuJ hF pwKI qbdIlIaF kIqIaF sn ijhnF ivwc hYWz tYks ivwc ktOqI krnf sLfml sI. pr hux jd AuhnF kol Tos bhumwq hY qF AuhnF gMBIr qbdIlIaF df islislf sLurU kIqf hY jo iemIgrysLn nIqI nMU dysL dIaF loVF dy hfx dI bxfeygf. aMnI iemIgrysLn nfl nf qF dysL dIaF loVF dI pUrqI huMdI hY aqy nf af rhy iemIgrMtF df Gr pUrf huMdf hY. nOkrIaF vfsqy AuhnF nMU Dwky Kfxy pYNdy hn. ajyhI iZwlI nIqI durvrqoN df vI kfrn bxdI hY. kmjLor rPUjI pRnflI dy lfB AuTf ky ajyhy lok vI kYnzf afx vwsy hn jo rPUjI nhIN sn sgoN “ikAU-jMpr” sn jF afriQk lfB vfsqy afey sn. ieh kYtfgrI ihAUimn smgilMg df vI kfrn bxI hY.

          srkfr ny PYmlI klfs aqy rPUjI klfs dovF ivwc qbdIlIaF kIqIaF hn aqy hor qbdIlIaF df rfh pwDrf kIqf hY. mfipaF dI iemIgrysLn `qy do sfl vfsqy rok lgf ky iemIgrysLn mMqrI sRI jysn kYnI ny jo supr vIjLf skIm sLurU kIqI sI Aus nMU Pl lwgxf sLurU ho igaf hY aqy rIjYksLn ryt bhuq Gwt dwisaf jf irhf hY ies dy mukfbly ivjLtr vIjLf df rIjYksLn ryt bhuq ‘hfeI’ sI. do sfl dI rok df AuhnF lokF nMU vI lfB hoieaf hY ijhnF dy mfpy spFsrisLp aDIn sn ikAuNik AuhnF kys hux jld hwl ho rhy hn.

          siklz klfs vfsqy kYnyzf vloN leIaF geIaF arjLIaF vI byihsfb ho geIaF sn ijhnF nMU pRfsYWs krnf asMBv ho igaf sI. mMqrI kYnI ny ies kYtfgrI hyT 2 lwK 80 hjLfr dy krIb arjLIaF nMU KLqm krn df aYlfn kIqf hY aqy arjLIkfrF nMU AuhnF dI PIs rPMz krn vfsqy bjt ivwc 130 imlIan zflr rfKvF krvfieaf hY. ieh arjLIaF pRfsYWs krnIaf musLkl hI nhIN sn sgoN byloVIaF vI sn ikANuik keI arjLIkfr eyny sfl bIq jfx `qy ikqy nf ikqy sYtl ho cuwky sn aqy keIaF dI “sikl” AuhnF nMU hor ikqy lY geI sI jF iksy hor jfb dy jog bxf cuwkI sI. kYnyzf ivwc vI loVINdI sikl lgfqfr bdldI rihMdI hY ijs leI isstm ajyhf hoxf cfhIdf hY ijs nfl dysL dI loV vI qur pUrI ho jfvy aqy arjLIkfr vI keI sfl ltkdf nf rhy. asIN smJdy hF ik srkfr ny jo kIqf hY Auh kIqf jfxf jLrUrI sI.

          iemIgrysLn mMqrI sRI kYnI ny hux ies iksm dI nIqI apnfAux df aYlfn kIqf hY ijs nfl arjLIkfr nMU vI lfB hovygf aqy dysL dI loV vI qurq pUrI ho skygI. mMqrI kYnI ny aMkiVaF dy hvfly nfl ikhf hY ik iemIgrMtF ivwc byrujLgfrI dr 14% dy krIb hY jo ik kOmI dr df duwgxf hY. iek pfsy dysL nMU siklz lokF dI loV hY aqy dUjy pfsy lok ivhly bYTy hn. ies qoN sfbq huMdf hY ik jo iemIgrMt ley gey hn Auh jfb mfrkIt dIaF loVF dy anUkUl sikl nhIN rwKdy. ies nfl dysL aqy nvyN iemIgrMtf dovF df hI nuksfk huMdf hY. sUibaF nMU vI afpxI loV muqfibk iemIgrMt lYx vfsqy vwD aiDkfr idwqy jf rhy hn aqy sUby “subfeI nfmnI” pRogrfm hyT siklz kfmy hfsl kr skdy hn.

          mMqrI sRI kYnI ny jfb bYNk dI vI vkflq kIqI hY ijs aDIn dysL nMU loVINdy ikiqaF nMU ilst kIqf jfvygf aqy sMBfvI iemIgrMt bfhr bYTf ies aDIn aplfeI kr skygf jF sUby aqy adfry afpxI loV dI sikl vflf iemIgrMt spFsr kr skxgy. ies pRogrfm dI sfrI bxqr ajy sfhmxy nhIN afeI pr ieh iek kfrgr phuMc jfpdI hY.

          iemIgrysLn ivwc vwzy suDfrF dy nfl nfl mMqrI kYnI ny kbwzI vIijLaF dI durvrqoN rokx vfsqy vI sKLq kdm cuwkidaF ivsLysL vIjLf suivDf KLqm kr idwqI hY. BfvyNN ieh durvrqoN iek sImq durvrqoN sI pr ies nMU kfbU krnf vI jLrUrI sI. srkfr dy ies sKLq kdm vfsqy Auh lok ijLMmyvfr hn ijhnF ny ies injfm dI durvrqoN kIqI hY.

          kYnyzf srkfr df stUzYNt vIjLf isstm vI suDfr dI mMg krdf hY ikAuNik ies aDIn afAux vfly keI stUzYNt sImq sDnF kfrn afpxf gujLfrf musLkl nfl krdy hn aqy keI vfr bhuq Gwt qnKfh `qy “kYsL” kMm krdy hn. keI vfr kMm dIaF hflqF vI GtIaf huMdIaF hn aqy keI hor smfijk musLklF vI pYdf ho rhIaF hn.

          ihAUmn smgilMg ivwc hMgrI qoN bMdy mMgvf ky AuhnF nMU bMdI bxf ky rwKx df kys vI sfhmxy afieaf hY aqy iKafl kIqf jFdf hY ik ajyhy kys ho vI bhuq hn. ies nfl kwcy hox kfrn nvyN mMgvfey gey lokF dy muZly hwk vI Kohy jFdy hn. 

          srkfr vloN mMqrI sRI jysn kYnI dI rihnumfeI hyT iemIgrysLn dI nIqI nMU qrksMgq aqy dysL dIaF loVF dy hfx dI bxfAux vfsqy lokF qoN suJfE vI mMgy jFdy hn. iemIgrysLn ivBfg afpxI vYb sfeIt duafrf ajyhy suJfE hux vI mMg irhf hY. lokF nMU ies mOky df lfB AuTfAuxf cfhIdf hY.

-blrfj idEl

 


mfmlf sMsfr ivwc PFsI dI sjLf dy Kfqmy df!

          sMsfr ivwc PFsI dI sjLf KLqm krn df muwdf ivvfd df ivsLf hY ijs `qy sihmqI hoxI sMBv nhIN hY pr iPr vI bhuqy dysL jF qF PFsI dI sjLf KLqm krn vwl vD rhy hn jF ies nMU sImq krn vwl vD rhy hn. kYnyzf ny 1976 ivwc PFsI dI sjLf df KLfqmf kr idwqf sI pr iPr vI ies `qy ivvfd jfrI irhf hY aqy keI lok ies dI bhflI dI mMg krdy rhy hn. 26 mfrc dy nYsLnl post aKbfr dy sPLf 11 ey `qy sMpfdk dy nfm KLq kflm ivwc bhuq sfry ivcfr pRkfsLq kIqy gey hn. sMpfdk pfl rsl ny pfTkF mOq dI sjLf bfry ivcfr mMgy sn ijhnF nMU ies sPLy `qy QF idwqI geI hY. aKbfr muqfibk bhuq igxqI pfTkF ny mOq dI sjLf dI bhflI dI vkflq kIqI hY.

          sbMiDq aKLbfr dy ies kflm ivwc aqy smfj ivwc aksr lok ies ivsLy `qy vwK vwK ivcfr rwKdy hn aqy ijs dI suxo Aus dI gwl ivwc kuJ nf kuJ vjLun ivKfeI idMdf hY. jo lok jF ijhnF dy njLdIkI aprfD df isLkfr ho jFdy hn Auh aksr mOq dI vkflq krdy hn.    Gor aprfDIaF aqy dihsLqgrdF nMU lMbf smF jylF ivwc rwKx `qy afAux vfly Krcy nMU njfiejL dwsidaF kuJ lok mOq dI sjLf dI vkflq krdy hn. dUjy pfsy ivroDI ieh qrk idMdy hn ik keI vfr kfnMUn iensfPL dyx ivwc asPl rihMdf hY aqy ajyhI hflq ivwc byksUr nMU PFsI `qy ltkf dyxf shI nhIN hY. bIqy ivwc ajyhy kys sfhmxy afey hn ik PFsI ltkfey gey ivakqI ipwCoN byksUr pfey gey hn. kuJ ivroDI ieh vI mihsUs krdy hn ik iensfn nMU iksy dI jfn lYx df hwk nhIN hY aqy ieh kudrq dy aiDkfr Kyqr ivwc rihxf cfhIdf hY.

          awj mOq dI sjLf amrIkf vrgy jmhUrIaq dy JMzf brdfr dysL ivwc vI jfrI hY. amrIkf ivwc vI ies `qy muV ivcfr hoieaf sI aqy  29 jUn 1972 nMU amrIkf dI suprIm kort ny mOq dI sjLf `qy rok lgf idwqI sI qy 629 ivakqIaF dI mOq dI sjLf muafPL kr idwqI sI. adflq ny amrIkf dy vwK vwK sUibaF dy kfnMUnF ivwc KfmIaF nMU ies df iek aDfr bxfieaf sI. ies ipCoN amrIkf dy 34 sUibaF ny afpxy krIimnl koz dubfrf iLKy sn ijhnF nMU suprIm kort ny 1976 ivwc pRvfn kr ilaf sI. ijwQy kYnyzf ny 1976 ivwc mOq dI sjLf KLqm kr idwqI sI AuWQy gvFzI dysL amrIkf ivwc mOq dI sjLf `qy afrjLI rok KLqm kridaF gYrI iglmor nfm dy ivakqI nMU 17 jnvrI 1977 dy idn XUQf ivwc PfierMg sukafz dIaF golIaF dI busLfV nfl mOq dy Gft Auqfr idwqf igaf sI.

          17 jnvrI 1977 qoN 2011 qwk amrIkf ivwc kuwl 1279 lokF nMU PFsI idwqI geI hY aqy ieMJ sflfnf aOsqn 34 ivakqIaF nMU PFsI idwqI jFdI hY. sfl 1999 ivwc swB qoN vwD PFsIaF df sfl sI ies sfl 98 ivakqIaF nMU PFsI idwqI geI sI.  sfl 2010 ivwc 46 aqy 2011 ivwc 43 ivakqIaF nMU PFsI idwqI geI sI. amrIkf ivwc sfl 2012 ivwc hux qwk 11 ivakqIaF nMU PFsI idwqI geI hY. amrIkf df tYksfs sUbf swB qoN vWD PFsI dyx vflf sUbf hY. ies sUby dy gvrnr irk pYrI ny ipCly 10 sflF ivwc 234 mOq vrMtF `qy dsqKLq kIqy hn. amnYstI ieMtrnYsLnl muqfibk ipCly sfl amrIkf dunIaF df pMjvF swB qoN vwD mOq dI sjLf dyx vflf dysL irhf hY. pihlf cIn dUjf eIrfn, qIjf sfAUdI arbIaf aqy cOQf eIrfk  irhf hY.

          cIn ivwc PFsI dI sjLf iek styt sIkrt (srkfrI Byd) hY ijs nMU pbilk nhIN kIqf jFdf. amnYstI ieMtrnYsLnl muqfibk cIn ivwc hr sfl “hjLfrF” lokF nMU Pfhy lgfieaf jFdf hY. sfrI dunIaF ivwc hr sfl Pfhy lfey jFdy kuwl ivakqIaF df 50% qoN vwD iekwly cIn dy ihwsy afAuNdf hY. cIn ivwc 51 ajyhy aprfD hn ijhnF vfsqy mOq dI sjLf idwqI jf skdI hY. cIn ivwc PFsI pRfpq krn vfly ivakqIaF dy sfry ishqmMd aMg kwZ ley jFdy hn aqy hspqflF nMU aMgdfn vjoN Byj idwqy jFdy hn. ies vfsqy nf qF Pfhy lgfey gey ivakqI qoN aqy nf hI Aus dy pirvfr qoN koeI afigaf leI jFdI hY. cIn ivwc swB qoN vwD aMgdfn PFsI qoN hI pRfpq huMdf dwisaf jFdf hY.

          eIrfn dunIaF df dUjf swB qoN vwD PFsIaF dyx vflf dysL hY ijwQy sfl 2010 ivwc 253 nMU aqy 2011 ivwc 600 qoN vwD ivakqIaF nMU PFsI idwqI hY. eIrfn PFsIaF dI jfxkfrI jMqk nhIN krdf ies leI ieh igxqI vwD vI ho skdI hY. amnYstI ieMtrnYsLnl muqfibk sfl 2011 dy pihly 6 mhIinaF ivwc 253 ivakqIaF nMU PFsI idwqI geI sI. eIrfn ivwc keI vfr aksr pbilk cONkF ivwc vI PFsI `qy ltkfieaf jFdf hY. eIrfn iek ajyhf dysL hY ijs ivwc nbflgF nMU vI PFsI idwqI jFdI hY. 21 sqMbr 2010 nMU iek 17 sflf lVky nMU PFsI idwqI geI sI jo ik iek kql df dosLI pfieaf igaf sI.

          sfAUdI arb ivwc dosLI ivakqI nMU pbilk cONk ivwc goizaF Bfr kr ky qlvfr nfl isr klm kr krky mOq dy Gft Auqfiraf jFdf hY. sfAUdI arb ivwc 21 qoN vwD aprfD mOq dI sjLf df kfrn bx skdy hn ijhnF ivwc “smilMgI sbMD” vI iek hY. sfAUdI arb ny sfl 2011 ivwc 82 ivakqIaF dy isr klm krky mOq dI sjLf idwqI hY jdik gvFzI dysL ierfk ny 68 aqy dUjf gvFzI dysL Xmn 41 ivakqIaF nMU PFsI dy ky amrIkf ipwCoN 6vF swB vwD PFsI dyx vflf dysL bx igaf hY.

          jpfn Gwt mOq dI sjLf dyx vflf dysL hY ijs ny sfl 2010 ivwc 2 ivakqIaF nMU PFsI idwqI sI. sfl 2011 ivwc jpfn ivwc iksy nMU vI PFsI nhIN  idwqI geI aqy ajyhf ipCly 19 sflF ivwc pihlI vfr hoieaf hY jd sfl ivwc koeI vI Pfhy nhIN lgfieaf igaf.

          aksr ieh ivsLf vI crcf ivwc rihMdf hY ik Bfrq smyq keI dysL PFsI dI sjLf pRfpq kr cwuky ivakqIaF nMU keI keI sfl AuzIk ivwc hI rwKdy hn. ajyhf isrPL jmhUrI dysLF ivwc hI huMdf hY ijwQy styt PFsI dyx vfsqy kfhlf nhIN pYNdf aqy apIlF - dlIlF leI kfPLI smF idwqf jFdf hY. jpfn iek ivksq dysL hY aqy jpfn ivwc sfl 2010 ivwc 107 ivakqI PFsI dI sjLf dI “AuzIk” Bfv “zYQ-roa” (PFsI dI kqfr) ivwc sn. jnvrI 2011 qwk amrIkf ivwc 3251 ivakqI “zYQ-roa” (PFsI dI kqfr) ivwc sn.

          adflq vloN iksy nMU mOq dI sjLf dyxI aqy PFsI lgf idwqy jfx vfly aMkVy vI vwKry vwKry hn ijs kfrn “zYQ roa” `qy AuzIk ivwc bYTy ivakqIaF dI igxqI amrIkf ivwc jnvrI 2011 ivwc 3251 sI. ipCly sfl amrIkf ivwc adflqF ny isrPL 78 ivakqIaF nMU mOq dI sjLf df hukm suxfieaf hY jd ik kuJ sfl pihlF ajyhy hukmF dI igxqI 300 qwk pRqI sfl vI rhI hY. ieh igxqI sjLf dy hukmF dI hY asl ivwc Pfhy lgfey jfx dI nhIN hY. amrIkf ivwc vwzI igxqI ivwc kfnMUnI aqy gYr kfnUMnI mYksIkn vwsdy hn. amrIkf `qy ieh vI dosL hY ik dysL ivwc 1977 qoN hux qwk 51 mYksInknF nMU Pfhy lgfieaf igaf hY aqy AuhnF nMU kFAUslr mdd vI AuplBd nhIN krvfeI geI ijs kfrn amrIkf nMU BfrI nukqfcInI df sfhmxf krnf ipaf hY.

          ies dy mukfbly gYr jmhUrI dysLF ivwc apIlF df islislf kuJ hPLqy jF mhInf qwk hI sImq huMdf hY. Audfhrx vjoN eIrfn ivwc 17 sflf nbflg alIryjLf sulqfnI nMU 20 agsq 2010 nMU kql df dosLI Tihrfieaf igaf sI aqy Aus dI apIl 11 sqMbr 2010 dy idn rwd krky Aus nMU sqMbr 21-2010 dy idn pbilk cONk ivwc Pfhy lgf idwqf igaf sI.

          amnYstI ieMtrnYsLnl muqibk Bfrq ny ipCly 7 sflF qoN  iksy vI ivakqI nMU PFsI `qy nhIN ltkfieaf. pfiksqfn ny ipCly iqMn sflF qoN iksy nMU PFsI nhIN idwqI aqy ajyhf pIpljL pfrtI dI srkfr bnx ipwCoN hoieaf hY. sfl 2006 ivwc 82 ivakqIaF nMU Pfhy lgf ky pfiksqfn dunIaF ivwc swB qoN vwD PFsI dyx vflf qIjf dysL sI. 2006 ivwc cIn 1010, eIrfn ny 177, pfiksqfn dy 82, eIrfk ny 65, suzfn ny 65 aqy amrIkf ny 53 ivkaqIaF nMU PFsI dy ky mfiraf sI jdik ies sfl Bfrq ny iksy nMU vI Pfhy nhIN sI lgfieaf. ieh aMkVy aMqrrfsLtrI mnuwKI aiDkfr sMsQf amnYstI ieMtrnYsLnl dy hn jo mOq dI sjLf KLqm krvfAux dI muihMm clf rhI hY.

          mOq dI sjLf dy mfmly ivwc Bfrq bhuq Gwt PFsI dyx vfly dysLF ivwc sLfml hY. 1947 ivwc ajLfdI ipwCoN hux qwk isrPL 52 ivakqIaF nMU PFsI `qy ltkfieaf igaf hY. ies dy mukfbly Bfrq nfloN bhuq Gwt abfeI vfly pfiksqfn ny sfl 2006 ivwc isrPL ieko sfl ivwc 82 ivakqIaF PFsI `qy ltkfieaf sI. Bfrq ny sfl 2004 qoN hux qwk iksy nMU vI PFsI `qy nhIN ltkfieaf ies dy mukfbly Bfrq nfloN qIjf ihwsf abfdI vfly amrIkf ny sfl 2011 ivwc 43 ivakqIaF nMU Pfhy lgfieaf hY. sMsfr PFsI dI sjLf nMU sImq krn aqy bhuq Gor aprfDF vfsqy vrqx vwl vD irhf hY jo ik iek cMgI idsLf hY. mOq dI sjLf df bdl lMbI kYd dI sjLf hI hY ijs dy hwk aqy iKlfPL ivcfr vI ivvfd vwKry df ivsLf hn.

-blrfj idEl

 


kbwzI pRbMD nMU pfrdrsLI qy isafsq mukq kIqf jfvy

          kbwzI pRbMD dI keI pihlUaF qoN durvrqoN keI sflF qoN crcf ivwc rhI hY aqy ies sfl dy ZfeI ku mhIinaF ivwc ieh isKr `qy phuMc geI hY. ies dOrfn kbwzI PzrysLnF aqy klwbF dy doPfV hox nfl keI Byd jwg jfhr hoey hn ijhnF ivwc “mihmfnF” nMU kbwzI dy nfm `qy vIjLy dvfAuxy sLfml hY. ies gwl df afm afdmI aMdfjLf vI nhIN sI lgf skdf ik kbwzI dy nfm `qy “mihmfn” vI bulfey jf skdy hn aqy kuJ lok ajyhf mihmfn bulf rhy hn. ieh koeI luikaf iCipaf vrqfrf nhIN sI sgoN kwbzI jgq ivwc iek pRvfxq vrqfrf sI ijs df kbwzI nfl sbMiDq ivakqIaF nMU pUrf igafn sI aqy ies ivwc kuJ isafsI afgU vI sLfml sn. Byd ieh afm lokF vfsqy hI sI, keI sbMiDq lok qF ies df lfB AuTf cuwky sn.

          afm lokF vfsqy ieh vI hYrfnI dI gwl sI ik ipCly sfl kbwzI dy nfm `qy srkfr ny vIijLaF dy Kuwly gwPLy vMzy sn aqy 670 ivakqIaF nMU vIjLy idwqy gey sn ijhnF ivcoN jnvrI qwk 141 dy krIb jF qf gfieb ho gey sn aqy jF AuhnF ny afpxy vfps muVn dI ieqlfh iemIgrysLn nMU nhIN sI idwqI aqy host klwbF ny “rport-bYk” dI sLrq pUrI nf krvf ky kuqfhI kIqI sI. hux pqf lwgf hY ik rport-bYk nf krn vfilaF jF gupqvfs ho jfx vfilaF dI igxqI 90 rih geI hY. ies hLPLqy dOrfn ieh crcf vI hoeI hY ik mihmfn jF iKzfrI bxf ky swdy gey ivakqIaF ivwc iek iKzfrI dI GrvflI, iksy df bfp aqy iksy df nOkr qwk vI sLfml sn. ieh gwl vI bfhr afeI hY ik nMbr ilKx, lfeInF lgfAux vfsqy klI suwtx dy nfm `qy vI vIjLy dvfey gey sn. jy ieh dosL glq hox qF ies dI ijLMmyvfrI kbwzI nMU “BydBrI” rwKx vfilaF dI hY. jy ieh vfikaf hI hoieaf hY qF ieh gMBIr dur vrqoN hY.

          kuJ kbwzI prmotrF aqy pRymIaF ny icMquq huMidaF ies nMU durvrqoN aqy ihAUimn smgilMg df nfm vI idwqf hY aqy pfrdrsLqf dI mMg kIqI hY. asIN ieh mihsUs krdy hF ik AuhnF dI ieh mMg shI hY aqy kbwzI dy Bly vfsqy jLrUrI vI hY. zop tYst dy aMkVy jMqk krn dI mMg ikvyN glq ho skdI hY? gupqvfs hoey iKzfrIaF dy aMkVy jF iemIgrysLn ivBfg df KLq jMqk krn dI mMg ikvyN glq ho skdI hY?

          “rport-bYk” nf hox kfrn iemIgrysLn ivBfg dy ieqrfjL vI jfiejL hn aqy 21 iKzfrIaF jF mihmfnF vloN rPUjI bx jfx df mfmlf vI sMjIdf mfmlf hY. iek sIjLn ivwc 670 ivakqIaF nMU vIjLf idwqf jfxf vI jfiejL nhIN hY aqy ies vfsqy iemIgrysLn ivBfg vI ijMLmyvfr hY. jy iemIgrysLn ivBfg nMU kuJ ivcoilaF ny kbwzI dI loV bfry gLLlq jfxkfrI idwqI hY ijs dy aDfr `qy 670 vIjLy jfrI kIqy gey hn qF ieMmIgrysLn ivBfg nMU ies dI GoK pVqfl krnI cfhIdI hY.

          jd ipCly sfl pMjfb srkfr ny vrlz kbwzI kwp krvfieaf sI qF pihlI dsMbr nMU glob aYNz myl aKbfr ny “koritMg kbwzI, pflytIsLnjL plya ey zYnjrs gyNm” dy teItl hyT iek lyK iliKaf sI. ies ivwc sfl 2011 ivwc kwbzI vIjLf arjLIaF dI igxqI 800 dwsidaF ies nMU sfl 2010 nfloN do guxf aqy sfl 2009 nfloN cfr guxf dwisaf igaf sI. ieh vfDf iksy qrF vI jfiejL nhIN afiKaf jf skdf aqy ieh ilKq ies gwl df sbUq hY ik ies nMU hor lok jF gYr-pMjfbI vI mihsUs kr rhy hn.

          afpxI 17 nvMbr 2011 dI ilKq ivwc aKLbfr glob & myl ny pMjfb  dy kuwl 14 tImF vfly vrlz kbwzI kwp ivwc 37 iKzfrIaF dy zop tYst ivcoN Pyhl ho jf jfx df ijLkr kridaf iliKaf sI ik ies dy mukfbly 2010 dIaF vwz akfrI vYnkUvr AulMipk KyzF ivwc isrPL 30 iKzfrI zop tYst pfs nhIN sn kr sky. aKbfr muqfibk ies kbwzI kwp ivwc kYnyzf dI 14 mYNbrI tIm ivcoN 5 iKzfrI zop tYst pfs nhIN sn kr sky aqy 6vF iksy pfbMDIsLudf vsqU df pRXog krdf sI ijs nMU zop df nfm nhIN idwqf igaf. aKLbfr ny kbwzI nMU “rfeIPL ivwd zrwgjL” dwisaf sI aqy zfktr brUs ikwz ny srkfr nMU ikhf sI ik kwbzI pRbMDkF nMU afpxf aYkt sfPL krn vfsqy srkfr dbfa pfey.

          amrIkf dI tIm dy 5 iKzfrIaF dy zop tYst ivcoN Pyhl hox aqy astrylIaf dI tIm dy vI pMj iKzfrIaF dy Pyhl hox nfl tIm dy izskuaflIPfeI hox df ijLkr vI ies kOmI aMgryjLI aKbfr ny kIqf sI.  iek sfbkf ilbrl aYm pI dy hvfly nfl aKLbfr ny ieh vI iliKaf sI ik isafsI afgU kwbzI vwl nrm  ruK ies leI rwKdy hn ikAuNik kwbzI vfly bhuq jQybMd hn aqy coxF mOky vlMtIar qy PMz muhweIaf krdy hn. jfhr hY ik isafsI afgU afpxf sOVf lfB locdy hn aqy kwbzI vfly afpxf ijs kfrn pfrdrsLqf Kuh-Kfqy pY jFdI hY. ajyhI hflq ivwc vIjLf durvrqoN aqy zop smwisaf df hwl kI hoxf hY?

          iemIgrysLn ivBfg vloN kYnyzf dIaF 7 kbwzI PzrysLnF dy pRDfnF nMU 13 jnvrI nMU iliKaf igaf KLq jMqk nf krn dI vI koeI quk nhIN bxdI. pfrdrsLqf vfsqy ajyhI jfxkfrI jMqk krnI jLrUrI bxdI hY. ies KLq nMU CupfAux ivwc kuJ lokF df inwjI svfrQ ho skdf hY jF AuhnF nMU ajyhf hox df KdsLf ho skdf hY. 90 dy krIb gupqvfs hoey jF rport-bYk nf krn vfly kbwzI vIjLf holzr BfvyN iKzfrI hox jF mihmfn hox, ieh sfry imlIBugq nfl gupqvfs nhIN hoey hoxgy. iehnF ivcoN kuJ pRbMDkF qoN bfgI ho ky vI gupqvfs hoey hoxgy. pRbMDkF vfsqy sfrI jfxkfrI jMqk krnI AuhnF dy afpxy aks vfsqy vI jLrUrI hY.

          jo iksy kfrn kwl qwk nhIN ho sikaf Aus nMU awj krn ivwc koeI hrjL nhIN hY. sfrI jfxkfrI hr klwb aqy PzrysLn nMU qurq jMqk krnI cfhIdI hY. kwbzI nMU pfrdrsLI, durvrqoN rihq aqy isafsqmukq krnf cfhIdf hY.

-blrfj idEl

 


EntyrIE dy lokF vloN jUaf GrF ivwc vfDy df ivroD

 

          EntyrIE srkfr BfrI bjt Gfty df sfhmxf kr rhI jo ies smyN 16 iblIan zflr sflfnf hY aqy Tos Auprfly nf kIqy gey qF ieh sflfnf 30 iblIan zflr qwk phuMc skdf hY. ieh gwl sUbf srkfr vloN sUby dI afriQkqf bfry ivsqrq rport pysL krn vfsqy nfmjd kIqy gey arQsLfsqrI zOn zrmMz dI rport ivwc keI geI hY ijs ivwc srkfr nMU 300 qoN vwD isPfrsL vI kIqIaF geIaF hn. iehnF isPfrsLF ivwc keI KyqrF ivwc Krcf ktOqI vfsqy afiKaf igaf hY.

          mgMtI srkfr iehnF isPLfrsLF nMU lfgU krn dy mfmly ivwc lwqF GVIs rhI hY ikAuNik ies nfl mgMtI srkfr dIaF chyqIaf mYgf XUnIanF nrfjL ho jfxgIaF ijhnF ny mgMtI ilbrlF nMU ipClIaF coxF ivwc ijqfAux vfsqy awzI cotI df jLor lgfieaf sI. mgMtI srkfr ny iehnF mYgf XUnIanF nfl ipCly awT sfl ‘mF’ vflf slUk kIqf hY aqy copVIaF vI idwqIaF hn qy idwqIaF vI do do hn. iswtf srkfrI Krcy ivwc aQfh vfDy ivwc inkilaf hY jo hux srkfr shfr nhIN skdI Kfs kr afriQk mMdI ivwc jd srkfr dI afmdn ivwc igrfvt af geI hY.

          kMsrvtv aYm pI pI kirstIn aYlIat ny sUby dy gMBIr bjt Gfty bfry ikhf hY ik mgMtI srkfr afpxI afmdn nfloN pRqI GMtf 1[8 imlIan zflr vwD Krc rhI hY. ies qoN aMdfjLf lgfieaf jf skdf hY ik srkfr sfl ivwc ikMnf Gftf sihx krygI jo sUby dy lokF nMU BivK ivwc ivafjL smyq moVnf pvygf. sUby df bjt 27 mfrc nMU pysL kIqf jfxf hY aqy srkfr ‘pfijLtv’ qsvIr pysL krn vfsqy hwQ pYr mfr rhI hY.

          arQsLfsqrI zOn zrmMz dI rport nMU aDfr bxf ky Tos Krcf ktOqIaF krn dI QF subfeI srkfr awkIN plfhIN hwQ mfr rhI hY. afpxy 8 sfl dy rfjkfl ivwc srkfrI svfvF ivwc keI ktOqIaF kr ky srkfr lokF `qy iswDf boJ vDf cuwkI hux aisDy ZMg nfl iGE kwZx df qrIkf vrqx dy rONa ivwc jfpdI hY. pihlF subf srkfr ny keI Eihp syvfvF ivwc ktOqIaF kIqIaf sn aqy Eihp PIs lfgU kIqI sI. huxy kuJ idn pihlF vhIkl lsMs sitkr PIs ivwc vfDf krn df aYlfn kIqf igaf hY. hux srkfrI adfry EntyrIE lftrI aYNz gyimMg kfrporysLn ny vwKI ivcoN nvIN mUMglI kwZ mfrI hY ijs aDIn sUby ivwc lftrI aqy gyimMg ivwc qbdIlI kr ky nvyN jUaf Gr (ksIno) Kohlx aqy afn-lfeIn jUaf cflU krn dI skIm hY ijs nfl srkfr sflfnf iek iblIan zflr vwD kmfeI kr skygI.        

          sUbf srkfr vloN ieh aisDf iek iblIan zflr df tYks sUby dy lokF `qy lgfieaf jf irhf ijs dy nqIjy bhuq Gfqk hoxgy. juhfrIey pihlF hI twbr tuwtx aqy bwcy rulx df kfrn bxdy hn aqy keI mfnisk qOr `qy bImfr ho jFdy hn. hux srkfr afpxf bjt Gftf dUr krn vfsqy ies smfijk burfeI nMU AuqsLfhq krygI. jfhr hY ik ieh swB srkfr dI slfh nfl hI ho irhf hY qF ik srkfr dI zflrF dI BuwK pUrI kIqI jf sky.

          EntyrIE lftrI aqy gyimMg kfrporysLn torFto aqy aftvf vrgy sLihrF ivwc ksIno Kohlxy cfhuMdI hY qFik abfdI vfly sLihrF ivwc lokF nMU jUaf Kyzx vfsqy dUr nf jfxf pvy. ies dy nfl hI afn lfeIn jUaf afid vI lokF nMU ies aml dy afdI bxf dyvygf ijs nfl srkfr dI afmdn qF vDygI pr lok luwty jfxgy. ies smyN EntyrIE lftrI aqy gyimMg kfrporysLn sflfnf do iblIan zflr bxfAuNdI dwsI jFdI hY aqy qbdIlIaF nfl ieh afmdn iek iblIan zflr hor vD jfvygI.

          Porm rIsrc srvyKx kMpnI ny iek srvyKx kIqf hY ijs nMU  torFto stfr ny vIrvfr nMU pRkfsLq kIqf hY. ies srvyKx muqfibk sUby dy lok afpxy gvFz ivwc ksIno Kuwlx dy hwk ivwc nhIN hn.  srvyKx muqfibk 69% lok sUby ivwc jUaf (gYNbilMg) vDfAux dy iKlfPL hn. jdik isrPL 24% lok ies dy hwk ivwc hn. Porm rIsrc dy pRDfn lorIn ibjLnOPL ny ikhf hY ik lok afpxy gvFz ivwc ksIno nhIN cfhuMdy. AuhnF muqfibk EntyrIE lftrI aqy gyimMg kfrporysLn gYNbilMg hr iksy dy njLIk ilafAuxI cfhuMdI hY jo lok nhIN cfhuMdy.

          ies srvyKx muqfibk mgMtI ilbrlF dI lokF ivwc sfK izwg rhI hY aqy Auh hux kMsrvtv pfrtI qoN hyT af gey hn. pr sUby dy 59% lok ajy vI mwDkflI coxf nhIN cfhuMdy jdik 30% lok coxF krvfAux dy hwk ivwc hn. ipCly mhIny 63% lok mwDkflI coxF nhIN cfhuMdy sn jdik 26% cfhuMdy sn. ieMJ lokF df ruJfn bdl irhf hY aqy aglIaF coxF qYa qrIk akqUbr 2015 qoN pihlF ho skdIaF hn.

          sUby ivwc jUaf (gYNbilMg) vDfAuxf iksy qrF vI jfiejL nhIN hY aqy iek ajyhI bImfrI hY ijs nMU kfbU hyT rwKxf jLrUrI hY. sUbf srkfr nMU cfhIdf hY ik sUby df bjt Gftf dUr krn vfsqy srkfrI ivBfgF dy kMmkfr ivwc kusLlqf ilafvy, sroqF dI duurvrqoN roky aqy “Evrpyz” KyqrF ivwc qnKfh ktOqI lfgU kry. srkfrI aqy arD-srkfrI adfiraF ivwc bymuhfrIaF pYnsLnF aqy Bwqy bMd kry. kfrporyt qnKfhF aqy BwiqaF ivwc vI ZukvIN ktOqI kry aqy afm lokF nMU vDy tYksF, suMgVIaF srkfrI syvfvF aqy jUaf kyNdrF dI mfr qoN bcfvy.

-blrfj idEl

 

 


sYkUlr phuMc aqy pRogrfm akflI dl nMU rfs aieaf!

‘KUMzf’ isafsq dI hfr hoeI

          pMjfb coxF dy nqIijaF ny swB nMU hYrfn kr idwqf hY. keI cox srvyKx kMpnIaF qF bhuq sKLq mukfblf dws rhIaf sn aqy kFgrs kuJ awgy vI dws rhIaF sn. mnpRIq isMG bfdl dI pIpIpI nMU 5-7 sItF imlx dI BivKbfxI kIqI jf rhI sI ijs nfl sMquln Aus dy hwQ dwisaf jf irhf sI. ies dy Elt akflI dl-Bfjpf gwTjoV spsLt bhuq mwq lY igaf aqy mnpRIq bfdl Kfqf Kohlx ivwc vI kfmXfb nhIN hoieaf. mnpRIq bfdl ieko iek ajyhf afgU sI jo do ivDfn sBf hlikaF qoN cox lV irhf sI aqy Auh dovF hlikaF qoN cox hfr igaf hY. pMjfb kFgrs pRDfn amirMdr isMG afp BfvyN cMgI mfrjn nfl cox ijwq gey pr AuhnF df lVkf rxieMdr isMG vwzy Prn nfl akflI AumIdvfr surjIq isMG rKVf qoN cox hfr igaf. rxieMdr isMG dI ieh dUjI cox hfr hY ies qoN pihlF Auh sMsdI coxF ivwc bIbI hrismrq bfdl hwQoN hfr igaf sI.

          ieh gwl jwg jfxdf hY ik pMjfb dI iehnF coxF ivwc cox kimsLn ny jo sKLqI vrqI hY Auh pihlF kdy nhIN vrqI geI. ies sKLqI kfrn ieh coxF awj qwk hoeIaF coxF nfloN swB qoN vwD sfPL, gYr pwKpfqI aqy pfrdrsLI sn. iehnF coxF ivwc srkfrI msLInrI, nsLf, dbfE aqy pYsf Auh rol adf nhIN kr sikaf jo aksr kiraf krdf sI. cox kimsLn dy rol dI hr pfisAuN sLlfGf kIqI geI hY. ieh kihxf musLkl hY ik coxF ivwc koeI vI bYkfiedgI nhIN hoeI pr kihxf bxdf hY ik ieh coxF “PrI & Pyar” sn. hux vI jo lok cox nqIijaF qoN sMqusLt nhIN hn, AuhnF nMU sMqusLt nhIN kIqf jf skdf.

          ieh dosL ik afKrI idnF ivwc pYsf vriqaf igaf ijs nfl coxF pRBfivq hoeIaF hn, iek ieljLfm qoN vwD kuJ nhIN hY. jy ajyhf vwzI pwDr `qy hoieaf huMdf qF ies df cox kimsLn nMU jLrur pqf lwg jfxf sI. 30 jnvrI coxF dy idn qoN 7 mfrc igxqI dy idn qwk iksy ny ies iksm df ieljLfm nhIN lgfieaf. hux jd akflI Bfjpf gwTjoV ijwq igaf hY qF ajyhy ieljLfm GVy jf rhy hn. ajyhf hoieaf huMdf qF spIkr inrml isMG kfhloN smyq akflI Bfjpf gwTjoV dy 9 mMqrI nf hfrdy. jyqU kFgrsI AumIdvfr muhMmd sdIk vI cox ijwq nf skdy. amIr smiJaf jFdf akflI AumIdvfr srbjIq isMG mwkV afpxy kFgrsI ivroDI rfxf gurjIq isMG qoN pYsy dI Gft kfrn nhIN hfiraf! hF, kuJ KyqrF ivwc kuJ pYsf jLrUr vriqaf igaf hovygf aqy jy sfrIaF nhIN qF dovF pRmuwK pfrtIaF dy keI AumIdvfrF vloN vriqaf igaf hovygf.

          ieh pMjfb dy lokF df Pqvf hY ijs dy iek qoN vwD keI kfrn ho skdy hn aqy hr hlky ivwc kuJ kfrn vwKry vI ho skdy hn. huisLafrpur dy mukyrIaF hlky aqy luiDafxf dy do hlikaF qoN bYNs BrfvF df ajLfd KV ky ijwq jfxf dwsdf hY ik lokF ny afpxI mrjLI nfl votF pfeIaF hn. kfrn qF BfvyN bhuq ho skdy hn pr iehnF ivwc akflI dl aqy kFgrs dy pRmuwK afgUaF dI cox pYNqVybfjLI bhuq aihm kfrn hn ijhnF ny coxF nMU pRBfvq kIqf hY.

          sLRomxI akflI dl ny ipCly kuJ sflF qoN pfrtI nMU lokF dy nyVy lY jfx aqy pfrtI df aDfr ivsLfl krn vfsqy ies nMU “pMjfbI aDfr” dyx dI koisLsL kIqI hY. ies pYNqVy nMU amlI jfmf pihnfAux vfsqy sLRomxI akflI dl ny keI gYr iswKF nMU pfrtI dy ahudy idwqy hn aqy keIaF nMU itktF idwqIaF hn. iehnF coxF ivwc akflI dl dy 6 gYr iswK AumIdvfr jyqU rhy hn. ies nIqI df asr sfry pMjfb dy cox hlikaF `qy vI jLrUr hoieaf hY. bhujn smfj pfrtI df aDfr suMgiVaf hY aqy grIb qbkf vI akflI dl vwl afkrsLq hoieaf hY. Bfjpf nfl pwkI sFJ vI akflI dl nMU sMkIrnqf qoN ivsLfl votr pUl qwk phuMcfx ivwc kfmXfb hoeI hY.  rwuisaF nMU mnfAux dI nIqI vI akflI dl nMU rfs afeI hY. sImq aqy Bfvuk Drimk muwidaF nMU pfsy rwK ky Tos qrwkI df poRgrfm vI ijwq ivwc shfeI hoieaf hY ijs nfl sImq phuMc vfly Dfrimk muwidaF nMU pfsy rwK ky akflI dl ny votr smUh nMU joVn vfly muwidaF `qy iDafn kyNdrq kIqf hY. ies nfl kuJ iswK kwtVpMQI jLrUr nrfjL hoey hoxgy pr AuhnF df aDfr sImq hox aqy Auh pihlF hI akflI dl ivroDI hox kfrn nuksfn nhIN kr sky.

          kmjLor mnpRIq aqy lVKVfAuNdI pIpIpI vI akflI dl dI QF kFgrs dIaF jVF ivwc bYTI hY. kFgrs nMU swB qoN vwzf nuksfn ies dy  DVwlydfr smJy jFdy afgU kYptn amirMdr isMG dy aVIal vqIry kfrn hoieaf hY. amirMdr isMG iehnF coxF ivwc afpxI pfrtI vloN koeI Tos pRogrfm pysL krn ivwc asPLl rhy hn. AuhnF bhuqf smF Tok dyx, quMn dyx aqy KUMzf KVkfAux `qy hI lgfieaf hY. rusy kFgrsIaF nMU mnfAux dI QF AuhnF “kql ho jfxgy” dI BfsLf vrqI sI. ajyhf BfvyN AuhnF dI jLubfn dy iPslx kfrn hI hoieaf hovygf pr ieh AuhnF dy vqIry dI Jlk vI sI. kdy iswK pfrtI smJy jFdy akflI dl ny ijwQy “pMjfbI” ivsLflqf vflf pYNqVf apxfieaf AuWQy sYkUlr smJI jFdI kFgrs ivwc “jwtvfd” BfrU irhf. kYptn amirMdr isMG df bhuqf iDafn akflIaF nMU mfq pfAux vfsqy “iswK pwKI” ivKfeI dyx `qy lwgf.

          kuJ lok ieh gwlF vI kr rhy hn ik akflI drjn dy krIb sItF kuJ votF dy Prk nfl hI ijwqy hn. pr dUjy pfsy akflI kuJ sItF QoHVy Prk nfl hfry vI hn. ajyhf hr cox ivwc hr dysL ivc huMdf hY ik kuJ  AumIdvfrF dI iksmq df PYslf kuJ drjn votF nfl hI huMdf hY. ieh bhfnf Drvfs dyx vfsqy kfPLI hY pr AuNJ ies df mqlb koeI nhI hY. mnpRIq bfdl df ieh kihxf ik AuhnF dI pfrtI 5% votF lY ky 12 sItF ijwqx vflI Bfjpf qoN kuwl vwD votF lY geI hY, dI vI koeI quk nhIN bxdI. Bjpf sLurU qoN hI akfl dl dy gwTjoV ivwc sI aqy afpxy ihsy dIaF sItF `qy hI cox lwV rhI sI. 117 sItF dI aOsq nMU do drjn qoN Gwt sItF dI aOsq nfl joV ky vyKxf shI nhIN hY.

          sInar aqy jUnIar bfdl dovF ny afp vI ikhf hY ik AuhnF pMjfb ivwc BfeIcfrk sFJ kfiem rwKx dy Xqn kIqy hn ijs kfrn lokF ny AuhnF dy hwk ivwc Pqvf idwqf hY. s: pRkfsL bfdl ny qF kFgrs dI hfr nMU amirMdr isMG dI kfrjsLYlI dI hfr dwisaf hY. iehnF coxF ivwc akflI dl dI sYkulr phuMc aqy qrwkI `qy kyNdrq pRogrfm dI ijwq hoeI hY. hux akflI-Bfjpf gwTjoV afpxy cox pRogrfm nMU lfgU ikvyN krdf hY Auh vyKx vflI gwl hY. pMjfb nMU bhuq gMBIr cxOqIaF df sfhmxf krnf pY irhf hY ijhnF ivwc amn kfnUMn dI ivgVdI hflq, byrujLgfrI, irsLvqKorI aqy srkfrI KjLfny dI Ksqf hflq sLfml hn. hux Auh KflI srkfrI KLjLfnf hox df dosL iksy hor `qy nhIN lgf skxgy. srkfr isr aQfh krjLy dI sUrq ivwc muPLq ibjlI, muPq pfxI aqy ssqf aftf-dfl pRogrfm Auh ikvyN aqy ikMnI ku dyr jfrI rwK skxgy ieh AuhnF vfsqy iek vwzI cxOqI hY.

-blrfj idEl

 

 


eIrfn nfloN ikqy vwD KLqrnfk ho skdf hY pfiksqfn!

          eIrfn df aYtmI pRogrfm sMsfr, Kfs kr pwCmI dysLF vfsqy isr drdI bixaF hoieaf hY. eIrfn dy aYtmI iTkfixaF `qy amrIkf jF iejLrfeIl vloN hmlf kIqy jfx dI crcf vI aksr huMdI rihMdI hY ijs nfl qyl dIaF kImqF ivwc qurq vfDf ho jFdf hY. amrIkf aqy ies dy sihXogI dysL eIrfn dy afriQk bfeIkft dI koisLsL kr rhy hn aqy kuJ afriQk pfbMDIaF lgfeIaF vI geIaF hn. Bfrq, jpfn aqy cIn vrgy dysL eIrfn qoN qyl dI KrId jfrI rwKx vfsqy mjbUr hn ikAuNik AuhnF dI afriQkqf eIrfnI qyl dI splfeI nfl bwJI hoeI hY. eIrfn afpxy vloN XUrp dy kuJ dysLF nMU qyl vycxf bMd krn df aYlfn kr cuwkf hY ijhnF ivwc brqfnIaF, PrFs aqy jrmnI sLfml hn.

          eIrfn `qy sMBNfvI hmly dy mfmly ivwc amrIkf bhuq KfmosL hY pr amrIkf df sihXogI dysL iejLrfeIl sMBfvI hmly dy keI sMkyq dy cwukf hY. eIrfn afpxy vloN ipwCy nf htx dy sMkyq dy irhf hY aqy eIrfnI nyvI df iek smuMdrI jMgI jhfjL sIrIaf dI bMdrgfh `qy lMgr suwt ky bYTf hY. amrIkf aqy ies dy sihXogI sIrIaf ivwc ivdrohIaF dI mdd kr rhy hn jdik eIrfn, rfsLtrpqI bfsLIr asd dI ipwT `qy hY.

          ajyhy mOky iejLrfeIl dy pRDfn mMqrI bYNjmYn inqnafhU awj sLukrvfr nMU kYnyzf dy srkfrI dOry `qy aftvf phuMc rhy hn. sRI bYNjmYn inqnafhU ajyhy pRDfn mMqrI hn jo eIrfn smyq ieslfimk kwtVvfd pRqI sKLq ruK apxfey jfx dy hfmI hn. ajyhf AuhnF dI mjbUrI vI hY aqy rxnIqk loV vI hY ikAuNik iek pfsy eIrfn ny iejLrfeIl nMU qslIm krn qoN ienkfr kIqf hoieaf hY aqy dUjy pfsy arb dysLF ivc iGiraf iejLrfeIl iehnF dysLF ivwc ieslfimk kwtVvfd dy hfvI ho jfx qoN bhuq zrdf hY. pRDfn mMqrI sRI bYNjmYn inqnafhU aqy pRDfn mMqrI sRI stIvn hfrpr ivwckfr iehnF sfry muwidaF `qy ivcfr vtFdrf hox vflf hY. ies ivwc kOmFqrI dihsLqvfd smyq aPLgfinsqfn aqy pfiksqfn dI ivgV rhI hflq `qy vI ivcfr vtFdrf hovygf. aYtmI hiQafrF nfl lYs pfiksqfn ijs nMU ieslfimk kwtVvfd ny Gyr rwiKaf hY, eIrfn nfloN ikqy vwD KLqrnfk ho skdf hY.

          amrIkf aqy aMqrfsLtrI surwiKaf Pors aPgfinsqfn ivcoN inklx dI iqafrI kr rhI hY pr aPgfinsqfn ivwc hflq suDrn dI QF ivgV rhy hn. amrIkf ieh gwl afny bhfny keI vfr afK cuwkf hY ik aPgfinsqfn ivwc qfilbfn kwtVpMQIaF dI mdd pfiksqfn ivcoN ho rhI hY. qfilbfn dy hkfnI nYtvrk nMU qF amrIkf, pfik KuPIaf eyjMsI afeI aYs afeI dI iek bFh hI smJdf hY ijs kol 15,000 dy krIb gurIly dwsy jFdy hn. aMqr rfsLtrI sLFqI Pors dy ht jfx ipwCoN aPgfinsqfn `qy afpxf glbf pfAux vfsqy pfiksqfn dI tyk ies hiQafrF nfl lYs hkfnI nYtvrk `qy hY.

          dUjy pfsy pfiksqfn afpxy aMdrUnI mfmilaf ivwc AuliJaf hoieaf hY. aQfh srkfrI krjLf, pbilk syvfvF dI Gft, byrujLgfrI, kmjLor afriQkqf aqy bdamnI pfiksqfn vfsqy Kqrf hY. srkfr, rfsLtrpqI, POj, suprIm kort aqy KuPIaf eyjMsI afps ivwc sihXog krn qoN asmrQ hn. pfiksqfn ivwc amrIkf dI vwzI GuspYT hY aqy hjLfrF amrIkI aqy sihXogI vwK vwK tfeItlF hyT pfiksqfn ivwc qYnfq hn qy amrIkf dihsLqgrdF nMU kfbU rwKx vfsqy ajyhf krn vfsqy mjbUr hY. amrIkf df Krcf vI coKf ho irhf hY aqy pfiksqfn nfl bKyVf vI vDdf jf irhf hY.

          1 meI 2011 nMU Esfmf ibn lfidn nMU KuPIaf aprysLn kr ky aYbtfbfd ivwc mfrn ivwc kfmXfb ho jfx ipwCoN amrIkI nIqIGfVy ies nqIjy `qy puwjy hn ik Esfmf nMU pfik ny hI Cupfieaf hoieaf sI. Esfmf dI ieh Cupxgfh pfik POj dI iek mhwqvpUrn CfAUxI qoN isrPL iek iklomItr dUrI `qy hI sI ijs nMU pfik POj ny ies hPLqy nsLt kr idwqf hY. pfiksqfn ny Esfmf dy Cupx aqy pkVy jfx dy mfmly dI qPLqIsL krn df aYlfn kIqf sI ijs aDIn amrIkf df sihXog krn vfly pfiksqfnI zfktr nMU njLrbMd kr ilaf igaf hY. gwl ies qoN awgy nhIN vDI aqy pfik `qy amrIkf dovyN hI ies mfmly `qy qkrIbn KfmosL hn.  hux Esfmf dy mfmly dI koeI vI qPLqIsL nhIN cfhuMdf. amrIkf df pRDfn  brfk Ebfmf afpxI dUjI cox dI iqafrI ivwc hY aqy pfik isvlIan qy POjI afgU “mYmogyt” df XuwD lV rhy hn. ieh svfl ajy svfl hI hY ik sfl 2005 ivwc Esfmf ibn lfidn nMU iks ny aYbtfbfd ivwc Cupfieaf sI aqy iks ny meI 2011 qwk Aus dI Cuipaf rihx ivwc mdd kIqI sI? ieh vI iek rfjL hI hY ik aYbtfbfd vflI Cupxgfh dI QF df mflk kOx sI? afeI aYs afeI dy iek sfbkf cIPL ijLafEdIn bwt dy iek pRYs ibafn muqfibk aYbtfbfd vfly kMpFAUz dI vrqoN pihlF pfik ieMtYlIjMs ibAUro krdI rhI sI. aqy Esfmf dy Cupx df pRbMD ieMtYlIjMs ibAUro dy 2004 qoN 2008 qwk rhy cIPL brgyzIar jnrl iejLfj sLfh ny pRDfn jnrl musLrPL dy hukm `qy kIqf sI. pfik jnrilst afirPL jmfl ny iek ilKq ivwc brgyzIar jnrl iejLfj sLfh nMU Esfmf ibn lfidn df “hYNzlr” dwisaf hY.

          pfiksqfn ivwc “idPLf-ey-pfiksqfn kONsl” nfm df iek nvF nYWtvrk AuBr irhf hY ijs nMU pfik POj aqy afeI aYs afeI df smrQn pRfpq hY. smiJaf jf irhf hY ik ieh nYWtvrk pfik POj dy jrnYlF dy idmfg dI Aupj hY jo dysL nMU kfbU ivwc rwKxf cfhuMdy hn. ies AuBr rhI jQybMdI ivwc dihsLqvfd aqy kwtVvfd dy smrQkF df bolbflf hY jo pfiksqfn ivwc afqmGfqI hmilaF qy Gwt igxqIaF `qy hmilaF leI ijLMmyvfr hn. hfiPLjL seId aqy milk iesLfk vrgy dihsLqgrdF nMU pfik POj dI pusLqpnfhI hfsl hY.

          bIbIsI vloN nfto dI iek KuPIaf rpoort df kuJ ihwsf jfrI kIqf igaf sI ijs muqfibk aPLgfn jhfdIaF nMU pfik POj dI ajy vI mdd iml rhI hY. ieh rport PVy gey 27,000 jhfdIaF dI qPLqIsL `qy aDfirq sI. amrIkf dy iek iQMk tYNk ny iek ivsqrq srvyKx kr ky ieh iswtf kwiZaf hY ik pfiksqfn dy bhuqy lok amrIkf dy iKlfPL ieslfimk jhfdIaF dI mdd krn dy hwk ivwc hn. ‘ieMtrnYsLnl sYNtr Pfr rIlIjln & izplomysI” nfm dy ies iQMk tYNk ny afpxI “kunYkitMg d zftks: aYjUkysLn aYNz rIlIjs izskrImInysLn ien pfiksqfn” ivwc Kulfsf kIqf hY ik bhuqy pfiksqfnI “ieslfm dy dusLmxF” iKlfPL lVn dy hwk ivwc hn. sYNtr ny 100 pfiksqfnI skUlI slybs dIaF ikqfbF dI pVcol, 37 pbilk skUlF aqy 19 mdrwisaF dy ividafrQIaF qy aiDafpkF nfl ieMtivAUjL ipwCoN ieh iswtf kwiZaf hY. ieMtrivAU kIqy gey 80%  ivakqI gYr muslmfnF nMU ieslfm dy dusLmx smJdy hn. pfiksqfnI ikqfbF ivwc styt aqy msijd ivwckfr koeI ijLkrXog Prk vyKx nMU nhIN imldf. pfiksqfn ivwc jhfd srkfrI aqy gYr srkfrI ieslfimk mUlvfdIaF dI nIqI df ihwsf bixaf rihx dI sMBfvnf hY.

          ierfn df ‘iksLor’ aYtmI pRogrfm ies mOky BfvyN iejLrfeIl aqy amrIkI nIqIGfiVaF `qy BfrU hY pr eIrfn ivwc srkfr dI qbdIlI nfl swB kuJ bdilaf jf skdf hY ikAuNik eIrfn dI bhuqI vwsoN pVHI ilKI hY aqy dysL dI abfdI vI pfiksqfn qoN bhuq Gwt hY. dUjy pfsy pfiksqfn iek aYtmI sLkqI hY ijs dI POj jhfdIaF nMU pflL rhI hY aqy anpVH vwsoN df vwzf ihwsf jhfdIaF df jfxy axjfxy smrQk bx cuwkf hY. srkfr dI qbdIlI vI pfik dy jhfdIaF nMU kfbU krn ivwc kfmXfb nhIN hovygI. ies vfsqy pfik smfj, POj, srkfr, inaFpfilkf, mIzIaf aqy buDIjIvIaF nMU lMbf sMGrsL krnf pvygf.

-blrfj idEl

 

 


gMBIr ho rhI krjLf smwisaf

          bIqy hPLqy EntyrIE sUby dI srkfr vloN nfmjd arQ sLfsqrI zOn zrmMz vloN jfrI kIqI geI rport ny sUby dI Ksqf afriQk hflq df Kulfsf kIqf sI ijs ivwc sUby dI afriQkqf nMU lIhy ilafAux vfsqy 362 isPrsLF kIqIaF geIaF sn. sUbf srkfr ajy iehnF isPfrsLF df mulFkx hI kr rhI hY, koeI aYksnL plfn ajy jfrI nhIN kIqI geI. hF sUbf srkfr ny “sfrf idn ikMzrgfrtn pRogrfm” df ivroD krn vflI isPLfrsL nMU rwd kr idwqf hY ijs `qy sUbf srkfr sflfnf 1[5 iblIan zflr KrcygI. hux knsoaF hn ik sUbf srkfr skUlF ivwc klfsF df sfeIj vDf ky sflfnf 500 imlIan zflr bcfAux vflI isPfrsL qoN vI mUMh Pyr rhI hY aqy skUlF ivwc nfn-tIicMg stfPL ivwc ktOqI kr ky 600 imlIan zflr bcfAux vflI isPfrsL vI srkfr nMU hjLm nhIN ho rhI.

          ajyhf sUbf srkfr lokF dy hyj kfrn nhIN kr rhI sgoN mYgf XUnIanvfd nMU KusL rwKx vfsqy kr rhI hY qF ik aglIaF coxF ivwc mYgf XUnIanvfd ilbrlF dI ipwT `qy pihlF vFg KVf rhy. sUbf dIvflIaf ho jfvy jF lokF `qy tYksF df hor boJ pY jfvy ies nfl ilbrl srkfr nMU koeI Prk nhIN pYNdf, bws vot pwkIaF rihxIaF cfhIdIaF hn.  ies aOKy smyN aOKy PYsly lYx vflI lIzrisLp srkfr dy bjt df muK ihwsf KFdy hn. iek pfsy srkfr XUnIvrstIaF dIaF izgrIaF Gwt sflF ivwc pRfpq krn aqy afn lfeIn korsF nMU qrjIh dyx bfry ivcfr kr rhI hY qF ik K

dI loV hY jo sUby nMU krjLy dy boJ hyT dwbxoN bcf sky.

          sUby dI kMsrvtv pfrtI dy afgU ny pbilk sYktr qnKfhF nMU qurq PrIj krn dI mMg kIqI hY ijs nfl agly do sflF ivwc do iblIan zflr bcfieaf jf skygf. ies dy nfl hI kfrporyt CotF KLqm kr ky sflfnf 2[5 iblIan zflr bcfAux dI mMg kIqI hY. ishq aqy ividak adfiraF ivwc kuClqf ilafAux qoN ibnF srkfr dy Krcy `qy kfbU nhIN pfieaf jf skdf ikAuNik ieh dovF

rcf Gtfieaf jf sky pr dUjy pfsy pbilk skUlF ivwc suDfr aqy Krcf ktOqI vfsqy iqafr nhIN hY. Krcf GtfAux vfsqy “afl zya ikMzrgfrtn pRogrfm” nMU jy rwd nhIN krnf qF afrjLI qOr `qy 5 sflF vfsqy awgy pf dyxf cfhIdf hY qF ik bjt Gftf kfbU kIqf jf sky.

          krjLf dunIaF vfsqy gihrI icMqf df ivsLf bixaF hoieaf hY ijs ny afriQkqf nMU brykF lgf idwqIaF hn. amrIkf dIaF keI bYNkF dy dIvflIaf ho jfx qoN sLurU hoieaf afriQk mMdvfVf hux XUrp dy keI dysLF dy aQfh krjLy kfrn gihrf igaf hY. sfvrn-zYt Bfv srkfrF df krjLf kuJ dysLF ivwc eynf vD cuwkf hY ik ieh dysL krjLy dIaF iksLqF vI adf krn dy Xog nhIN hn. grIs ies dI iek ajyhI Audfhrx hY ijs nMU bcfAux vfsqy XUrp dy hor dysL hwQ pYr mfr rhy hn.

          hux bYNk afPL kYnyzf ny ikhf hY ik dysL dy afm lokF `qy krjLy df boJ eynf vD igaf hY ik ieh afriQkqf vfsqy Kqrf bx igaf hY. ipCly iek dhfky qoN pRfprtIaF dIaF vD rhIaF kImqF vI ies df iek kfrn hn. bYNk muqfibk agr ies pRfprtI mfrkIt ivwc kImq azjst huMdI hY qF ies nfl afriQkqf ihwl jfvygI. bYNk ny ies nMU “kurYksLn afPL hfAUijLMg mfrkIt” df nfm idwqf hY. bYNk muqfibk GrF dIaF kImqF ivwc 10% dI kmI nfl KLpq ivwc 1% dI kmI af jfvygI ijs nfl afriQkqf lIhF `qy nhIN af skygI. 

          bYNk muqfibk knyzIan krYizt lfeInF dI vrqoN kr rhy hn jo ik GrF dIaF kImqF dy aDfr `qy leIaF geIaF hn. ivqI adfry vI ies iksm dIaF krYizt lfeInF vyc rhy hn jF lokF nMU suJfa rhy hn ijs nfl lokF kol Krcx vfsqy pYsf AuplBd ho irhf hY pr ies nfl krjLy df kul boJ vD irhf hY.

          bYNk muqfibk 1999 ivwc 31-35 sfl Aumr dy knyzIan sLihrIaF `qy aOsqn 75 hjLfr zflr df krjLLf sI jo sfl 2010 ivwc 1 lwK 20 hjLfr zflr ho igaf. kYnyzf dy KjLfnf mMqrI sRI ijm  PlhrtI ny torFto ivwc bolidaF ikhf hY ik lokF nMU isafxp qoN kMm lYxf cfhIdf hY ikAuNik ivafj dr hux Aupr jfx vfly hn. Auhnf awgy ikhf ik ivafjL dr hux isrPL Aupr hI jf skdy hn ijs nfl mfrgyjL aqy hor krjLf mihMgf ho jfvygf.

          vD rhI krjLf dr keI dysLF, sUibaF aqy afm lokF vfsqy smwisaf bxdI jf rhI hY ijs nfl afriQkqf KVoq df isLkfr ho skdI hY. krjLy ivwc ktOqI srkfrF qy afm lokF dI pRmuwKqf hoxI cfhIdI hY.

-blrfj idEl


zrmMz rport ny mgMtI dIaF nIqIaF df pol Kohilaf

          arQ sLfsqrI zOn zrmMz dI rport ny pRImIar mgMtI dI srkfr dIaF nuksdfr afriQk nIqIaF dI pol Kohl ky rwK idwqI hY. afpxI ivsqrq rport ivwc jnfb zrmMz ny EntyrIE srkfr nMU  362 isPfrsLF kIqIaF hn qFik sUby dI afriQkqf nMU Gor inGfr qoN bcfieaf jf sky. rport ieh sfbq krn vfsqy kfPLI hY ik pRImIar mgMtI df 8 sfl df rfjkfl aqy nIqIaF, sUby dI afriQkqf dI qbfhI df kfrn bxIaF hn. hux sRI mgMtI hor cfr sfl df mYnzyt pRfpq kr cuwky hn BfvyN AuhnF kol mjfrtI qoN iek sIt Gwt hI hY.

          buwDvfr nMU pysL kIqI geI ies rport df incoV ieh hY ik pRImIar mgMtI aqy Aus dI srkfr vloN pysL kIqy jFdy aMkVy aslIaq qoN kohF dUr hn aqy sUby dI afriQkqf Gor sMkt ivwc hY. pRImIar vloN lfgU kIqy jf rhy pRogrfm qrksMgq nhIN hn ikAuNik sUbf hor Krcf krn dy Xog hI nhIN hY. srkfr dy afriQk aMkVy supnI hn, sMqulq bjt dI zYzlfeIn pRfpq krn Xog nhIN hY aqy srkfr df Krcy df irkfrz gYr ijLMmyvfrfnf hY. bIqy awT sfl pRImIar mgMtI ny sUby dI afriQkqf dI “gulfbI” Jlk dy jo gux gfey hn Auh Ksqf afriQk aslIaqF dy Elt hn ijhnF df sUby nMU sfhmxf krnf pY irhf hY.

          awT sfl mgMtI srkfr ny bymuhfrf Krcf vDfieaf hY jo srkfr dy afmdn dy ankUl nhIN hY ijs nfl ipCly 136 sfl dysL df swB qoN kfmXfb sUbf awj srkfrI KricaF dy boJ hyT dwb igaf hY. sfl 2005-06 ivwc sUbf srkfr df sflfnf bjt $83[5 iblIan sI jo ipCly sfl $124 iblIan ho igaf ieMJ ipCly pMj sflF ivwc bjt Krcf 40[5 iblIan zflr viDaf hY jo iksy vI pYmfny `qy shI nhIN ikhf jf skdf. mgMtI srkfr ny votF KrIdx vfsqy srkfrI zflrF dy Cwty idwqy  hn jo sUby vfsqy afriQk sMkt df kfrn bx igaf hY. awj sUbf sflfnf 16 iblIan zflr Gfty dy bjt df sfhmxf kr irhf hY. rport muqfibk sfl 2017-18 qwk bjt sMqulq krn vfsqy srkfr nMU afpxy sflfnf Krcy ivwc vfDy nMU 0[8% qwk sImq krnf pvygf. ijs srkfr ny ipCly pMj sflF ivwc Krcf $40[5 iblIan sflfnf vDfieaf hY Auh hux sflfnf 0[8% vfDy nfl ikvyN gujLfrf krygI?

          jnfb zrmMz ny ikhf hY ik jy srkfr bjt sMqulq krnf cfhuMdI hY qF sUby dI afriQkqf nMU nvyN isirAuN rIstrkcr krnf pvygf. bhuq sfry srkfrI pRogrfm KLqm krny pYxgy jF Coty krny pYxgy. srkfrI KjLfny ivwcoN qnKfhF pRfpq krn vfilaF nMU bhuq dyr qwk qnKfh PrIjL df sfhmxf krnf pvygf iewQoN qwk ik qnKfh GtfAux qwk dI looV pY skdI hY. swc qF ieh hY ik qnKfh PrIjL vI ies df hwl nhIN hY, srkfrI ivBfgF ivwc qnKfh kwt krn vfsqy qurq kdm cuwky jfxy cfhIdy hn.

          jnfb zrmMz ny ikhf hY ik zfktr hux qnKfh vfDf Buwl jfx aqy tIcrF dI pYnsLn ivwc ktOqI kIqI jfvy aqy srkfr ies ivwc adfiegI (afpxf ihwsf) bMd kr dyvy. afl zya ikMzrgfrtn bMd krnf pvygf aqy klfs sfeIjL `qy lwgI bMdsL KLqm krnI pvygI. coxF dOrfn XUnIvrstI PIs GtfAux df vfadf qoVnf pvygf.

          jnfb zrmMz dIaF kuwl 362 isPfrsLF ivcoN 105 isPfrsLF hYlQ kyar bfry hn. rport muqibk hYlQ kyar `qy kIqf jf rhy vwzy Krcy nfl vI hYlQ kyar imafrI nhIN bx skI. rport muqibk subf srkfr vloN hYlQ kyar `qy sflfnf kIqy jFdy $47[8 iblIan dy Krcy ivcoN $13[4 iblIan Krcf akuClqf kfrn byarQ jf irhf hY. hYlQ kyar ivwc jnfb zrmMz ny 105 nuks dwsy hn. bjLurgF dI sMBfl dy kyNdrF dI Gft kfrn sUby dy hspqflF dI 20% “aikAUt kyar bYWz kpYstI” bjLurgF dI sMBfl vfsqy vrqI jf rhI hY ijs nfl kmry dI AuzIk lMbI aqy srjrIaF kYNsl krnIaF pY rhIaF hn.

          kuJ mfhr afriQk hflq eynI Krfb dws rhy hn ik 1995 ivwc aYn zI pI pRImIar bfb rya hyT pYdf hoeI afriQk mMdhflI ies dy mukfbly bOnI jfpdI hY. jnfb bfb rya ipwCoN qfkq ivwc afeI mfeIk hYirs dI torI srkfr ny srkfrI Krcy ivwc sflfnf 4% dI ktOqI kIqI sI ijs nMU ilbrl aqy aYn zI pI vfly awj vI votrF nMU zrfAux vfsqy vrqdy hn. jnfb zrmMz muqfibk mgMtI srkfr nMU bjt sMqulq krn vfsqy mfeIk hYirs qoN ikqy vwD Krcf ktOqIaF krnIaF pYxgIaf.

          sUby dI afriQkqf nMU ishqXfb krn vfsqy srkfr nMU KricaF ivwc jo vwzIaF ktOqIaF krnIaF pYxgIaF Auh pUrI qrF sMBv hn. srkfrI aqy arD-srkfrI adfiraF dIaF qnKfhF `qy kwt qurq lfgU krn vfsqy kdm cuwky jfxy cfhIdy hn qy nvIN hfierMg bMd kr idwqI jfxI cfhIdI hY. skUlF, hspqflF aqy hor srkfrI adfiraF ivwc kuClqf ilafAux vfsqy “mnfplI” KLqm kIqI jfxI cfhIdI hY. pbilk PMizMg nMU bhfl rwKidaF ishq syvfvF dI “pRvfeIvyt” zilvrI vwzI pwDr `qy sLurU kIqI jfxI cfhIdI hY. PUl zya ikMzrgfrtn Kqm, klfs sfeIjL ivwc vfDf aqy skUlF dI mnfplI KLqm kIqI jfxI cfhIdI hY. vwzIaF XUnIanF qoN hVqfl df hwk Koh ilaf jfxf cfhIdf hY qF ik lokF nMU hVqflF df sfhmxf nf krnf pvy. “kulYkitv bfrginMg” vfsqy  iek hwd imwQI jfxI cfhIdI hY aqy ies hwd qoN vwD qnKfh pRfpq krn vfly adfry dIaF XUnIanF qoN “kulYkitv bfrginMg” df hwk Koh ilaf jfxf cfhIdf hY.

          jnfb zrMmz dI rport ny mgMtI srkfr dIaF afriQk nIqIaF nMU nMgf kr ky rwK idwqf hY pr Auh mYgf XUnIanvfd nMU iswDf hwQ pfAux qoN iJjk gey hn. sUby ivwc byrujLgfrI dr 8[1% hY jo ik brqfnIaF dI dr 8[4% aqy amrIkf dI byrujLgfrI dr 8[3% dy bhuq nyVy hY. amrIkf aqy brqfnIaf dovyN hI gMBIr afriQk sMkt df sfhmxf kr rhy hn. ies hflq ivwc 8[1% byrujLgfrI dr vflf EntyrIE ikMnf ku surwiKaq ikhf jf skdf hY? sUby nMU ies sfl PYzrl srkfr qoN “eIkulfeIjysLn pymYNt” dy rUp ivwc $3[2 iblIan zflr imlygf jo ik  iqMn sfl pihlF nfloN 10 guxf vwD hY. PYzrl srkfr df ieh “eIkulfeIjysLn pymYNt” pRogrfm grIb sUibaF nMU afriQk shfieqf dyx vfsqy hY aqy ies qoN aMdfjLf lgfieaf jf skdf hY ik EntyrIE iks qyjLI nfl afriQk qOr `qy pCV irhf hY.

          pRImIar mgMtI ny jnfb zOn zrmMz nMU sfl ku pihlF sUby dI afriQkqf `qy rport pysL krn vfsqy nfmjd kIqf sI aqy jnfb zrmMz ny afpxIaF 362 isPLfrsLF pysL kr idwqIaF hn. hux vyKxf ieh hY ik jnfb mgMtI afpxy vloN nfmjd arQ sLfsqrI dI rport `qy ikMnf aqy ikvyN aml krdy hn.

-blrfj idEl 

 


dihsLqgrdF qoN nfqf qoVn vfsqy iqafr nhIN pfiksqfn!

          dihsLqgrdF nfl pfiksqfn dy sbMD hux iksy sLwk dy Gyry ivwc nhIN hn. sMsfr iehnF sbMDF bfry bhuq kuJ jfxdf hY aqy icMquq vI hY. ieh sbMD pfiksqfn dI afpxI slfmqI aqy amn vfsqy vI Kqrf bxy hoey hn. ieslfimk kwtVvfd pfiksqfn ivwc ies hwd qwk BfrU ho cuwkf hY ik isafsqdfn ies df ivroD krn vfsqy iqafr hn aqy ijhnF ny ivroD kIqf hY Auh ies dy kihr df isLkfr hoey hn.

          dunIaF ieh gwl vI kbUl kr cuwkI hY ik pfiksqfn dihsLgrdI nMU iek hiQafr vjoN vrq irhf hY aqy ieh pfiksqfn dI styt nIqI df ihwsf bx cuwkf hY. pfiksqfn iqMn ku dhfikaF qoN dihsLqgrdI nMU Bfrq iKlfPL iek hiQafr vjoN vrq irhf hY. pMjfb ivwc pfiksqfn dI ies nIqI ny do dhfky qbfhI mcfeI hY aqy ksLmIr ivwc ieh qbfhI ajy vI jfrI hY. muMbeI dihsLqgrd hmly smyq Bfrq ivwc hoey hor keI dihsLqgrd hmilaF dy qfr pfiksqfn nfl juVy hox dy sbUq jwg jfhr ho cuwky hn. ajyhy sbMD 9/11 smyq pwCmI sMsfr ivwc vfpry keI dihsLqgrd hmilaF dy mfmly ivwc vI sfbq ho cuwky hn. Esfmf ibn lfidn df piksqfnI imltrI CfAuxI ivwc keI sfl afrfm nfl Cupy rihxf vI iehnF sbMDF df Kulfsf hI hY.

          ieslfimk kwtVvfd nfl nijwTx dy mfmly ivwc pfiksqfn dI isvlIan srkfr aqy imltrI ivckfr koeI qflmyl nhIN hY. srkfr aqy imltrI ivckfr sLryafm axbx kfrn imltrI rfjplty dIaF aPvfhF vI afm hI sunx nMU imldIaF rihMdIaF hn. POj aqy KuPIaf eyjMsI afeIaYsafeI isvlIan srkfr dy kMtrol ivwc nhIN hn aqy isvlIan srkfr ieh qwQ kbUl kr cwukI hY.

          ksLmIr muwdy bfry bolidaf pfiksqfn dy pRDfn mMqrI jnfb iglfnI ny ies hPLqy spsLt ikhf hY ik ksLmIr mfmly `qy pfiksqfn, Bfrq nfl iek hor XuwD df Krcf brdfsLq nhIN kr skdf aqy ies mfmly nMU gwlbfq nfl hwl krnf cfhuMdf hY. sRI iglfnI df ieh qrk sfrQk hY aqy ies dI sLlfGf krnI bxdI hY. pr ies dy nfl hI AuhnF ieh vI afK idwqf sI ik pfiksqfn hmysLf vFg ksLmIrIaF dy sMGrsL df smrQn jfrI rwKygf. ksLmIrIaF dy ijs sMGrsL df smrQn pfiksqfn jfrI rwKygf Aus dI kmFz afeI[ aYs[ afeI[ vloN KVy kIqy gey dihsLqgrd sMgTnF dy hwQ ivwc hY. ies df Bfv hY ik pfiksqfn AuNJ BfvyN Bfrq nfl ksLmIr mfmly `qy iswDf XuwD nhIN krygf pr ‘aiswDf XuwD’ (pROksI-vfr) jfrI rhygf. jfhr hY ik pfiksqfn afpxI nIqI ivwc qbdIlI krn dy rONa ivwc nhIN hY.

          AuDr pwCmI dysLF dy POjI sMgTn ‘nyto’ ny afpxI qfjLf rport ivwc ikhf hY ik pfik KuPIaf eyjMsI afeI aYs afeI aPgfinsqfn ivwc  qfilbfn dihsLqgrdF dI hmfieq jfrI rwK rhI hY. 27000 ieMtYrogysLnF dy aDfrq `qy iqafr kIqI geI ies rport ivwc ikhf igaf hY ik pfik POj aqy KuPIaf eyjMsI qoN iml rhI mdd kfrn qfilbfn pUry hOsly ivwc hn. rport muqfibk qfilbfn lIzrisLp afeI aYs afeI dI bukl ivwc bYTI hY aqy eyjMsI dy kMtrol ivwc hY.

          rport muqibk aPLgfinsqfn ivwc al kfiedf df glbf Gitaf hY pr qfilbfnF df glbf viDaf ijs df ieko iek kfrn qfilbfn nMU pfiksqfn qoN imldI mdd hY. aPgfinsqfn dy keI BfgF ivwc qfilbfn pRBfv lgfqfr vDdf jf irhf hY jo pfik dI mdd qoN ibnF sMBv nhIN hY. hux jd nyto POjF aPgfinsqfn ivcoN do sflF ivwc prq jfx leI iqafr hn qF dysL dI sikAUtrI hflq bdqr huMdI jf rhI hY. aPgfn srkfr ivwc kurwpsLn dy bolbfly kfrn vI afm lok srkfr qoN muwK moV rhy hn ijs df lfB qfilbfn AuTf rhy hn.

          ieg gwl jwg jfxdf hY ik qfilbfn pfik dI hI pdfiesL sn aqy AuhnF 1996 qoN 2001 qwk pfik dI mdd nfl hI aPgfinsqfn `qy kMtrol kIqf sI. 9/11 ipwCoN amrIkf ny qfilbfn nMU aPgfinsqfn ivwcoN KdyV idwqf sI. rport muqibk jd qfilbfn muV jQybMd hox lwgy qF pfik ny AuhnF nMU jQybMd krn ivwc Kfs rol adf kIqf. pfik ny AuhnF nMU hiQafr aqy mdd Byjx vfsqy mYzIkl vhIklF dI vI vrqoN kIqI. trfeIbl bYlt ivwc tryinMg kYNp sQfipq kIqy gey ijhnF ivwc jYsL-ey-muhMmd aqy lsLkrey-qfiebf vrgy dihsLqgrd sMgTnF dy trynrF qoN qfilbfn dy nvyN kyzr nMU isKlfeI idvfeI geI. afeI aYs afeI ny ies kyzr nMU aPgfinsqfn Byijaf ijwQy qfilbfn ny nyto nMU cxOqI idwqI. afeI aYs afeI ny qfilbfn dI mdd vfsqy PMz ryjL krn vfsqy nYtvrk vI iqafr kIqf ijs ivwc zrwg smgilMg, ikznYipMg qwk sLfml hn.

          nyto dI ies qfjLf rport muqfibk jd qwk pfiksqfn qoN qfilbfn dI mdd  bMd nhIN huMdI, aPLgfinsqfn ivwc siQrqf nhIN af skdI. amrIkf nMU qfilbfn aqy afeIaYsafeI ivckfr sMprk qoVn `qy kMm krnf cfhIdf hY. rport muqfibk amrIkf ajyhf, qfilbfn dI pihlI kqfr dI lIzrisLp nMU pfiksqfn qoN mukq krvf ky vI kr skdf hY. rport ivwc qfilbfn nMU ihMsf df rsqf iqafgx aqy rfjsI prIikRaf df ihwsf bnfAux `qy jLor idwqf igaf hY.

          pfik POj aqy KuPIaf eyjMsI qfilbfn aqy hor dihsLqgrd sMgTnF nMU afpxy iek ivMg vFg pfl rhIaF hn aqy ieh AuhnF dI ivAuNqbMdI df ihwsf hn. kmjLor isvlIan srkfr POj aqy KuPIaf eyjMsI nMU cxOqI dyx dI hflq ivwc nhIN hY. jd qwk asl qfkq POj aqy KuPIaf eyjMsI dy hwQ ivwc hY pfiksqfn dihsLqgrdF nfl afpxf nfqf qoVn vfsqy kdy vI iqafr nhIN hovygf aqy dihsqLgrd aPLgfn asiQrqf df kfrn qy dunIaF vfsqy isrdrdI bxy rihxgy.

-blrfj idEl, PrvrI 10-2012, KLbrnfmf #648           


bjt Gftf dUr krn leI  motIaF qnKfhF nMU nwQxf jLrUrI

          qIjI vfr cox ijwq lYx ipwCoN EntyrIE dI mgMtI srkfr nMU sflfnf 16 iblIan zflr df bjt Gftf sqfAux lwg ipaf hY ijs bfry coxF qoN pihlF srkfr ny Gysl vwtI hoeI sI. coxf ijwqx vfsqy eysy srkfr ny mYgf XUnIanvfd dI sport hfsl krn leI ax-mMgy qnKfh vfDy vI idwqy sn. coxF dOrfn mYgf XUnIanvfd ny zfltn mgMtI dI ilbrl pfrtI nfl pUrI vPfdrI inBfeI sI ijs nfl mgMtI ny qIjI vfr srkfr bxfeI hY BfvyN mjfrtI qoN Auh iek sIt Gfty ivwc rhy hn. jd sUby dy afm lok afriQk mMdvfVy kfrn ips rhy sn qF mgMtI srkfr mYgf XUnIanvfd nMU moty qnKfh vfDy dy rhI sI. XUnIanvfd, ilbrl mIzIaf aqy vYlPyar lfbI dI mdd nfl mgMtI srkfr lokF dIaF awKF ivwc Gwt pfAux ivwc kfmXfb ho geI sI.

          bIqy 8 sflF dOrfn mgMtI srkfr ny lokF `qy tYksF df Bfr vDfieaf hY aqy syvfvF nMU sImq kIqf hY. Eihp syvfvF vfsqy tYks Toikaf hY aqy kvryjL nMU sImq kIqf hY. pbilk ishq syvfvF dI qrjmfnI krn dy dfavy krn vflI mgMtI srkfr Eihm syvfvF nMU hor sImq krn jf rhI hY. sUby dy bjt df 47-48% ihwsf ishq syvfvF `qy Krcf huMdf hY pr hspqflF ivwc iPr vI lMbIaF lfeInF lwg rhIaF hn. ies Krcy ivwcoN bhuqf Krcf motIaF qnKfhF `qy hI huMdf hY. srkfr ishq syvfvF nMU pbilk rwK ky iehnF dI zilvrI nMU pRfeIvyt kr ky svfvF ivwc kusLlqf ilaf skdI sI pr mYgf XUnIanvfd nfl mgMtI srkfr dI XfrI ies ivwc rukfvt bxdI hY.

          sMsfr Br dy dysL ishq syvfvF dI pRfeIvyt zilbrI vwl nMU vD rhy hn qFik mYgf XUnIanvfd dy jMgfl nMU lfihaf jf sky aqy ishq syvfvF `qy bymuhfrf Krcf kfbU kIqf jf sky. ishq syvfvF dI pRfeIvyt zilvrI hI ieko iek rsqf hY ijs nfl ishq syvfvF df Krcf kfbU aqy syvfvF ivwc suDfr kIqf jf skdf hY. ies qbdIlI nMU awgy qF pfieaf jf skdf hY pr ies df bdl hor koeI nhIN hY. ies nMU tflx df mqlb hY lokF dy ihwqF nMU hor kurbfn krnf.

          hux jd srkfr 16 iblIan zflr bjt Gfty df sfhmxf kr rhI hY aqy afriQkqf ivwc qurq suDfr hox dy afsfr nhIN hn qF mgMtI srkfr nMU motIaF pbilk sYktr qnKfhF Xfd af rhIaF hn ijs vfsqy Auh Kud ijLMmyvfr hY. srkfrI bjt df 55% pbilk sYktr qnKfhF ivwc cly jFdf hY. srkfrI aqy arD srkfrI ivBfgF dy iek imlIan dy krIb krmcfrI hn ijhnF ivwc bhuqy aOsq qoN ikqy vwD qnKfh pRfpq krdy hn. sLihrI srkfrF df vI iehI hfl hY jo afpxy krmcfrIaF nMU motIaF qnKfhF dy ky lokF `qy pRfptI tYks hr sfl vDf idMdIaF hn.  jy koeI torFto dy myar jnfb Porz vrgf myar bnx ivwc kfmXfb ho jFdf hY qF mYgf XUnIanvfd, ilbrl mIzIaf aqy vYlPyar lfbI nfl rl ky hwQ Do ky Aus dy mgr pY jFdf hY.

          sUby ivwc zfktr, nrsF, mYzIkl stfPL, tIcr, skUl stfPL, aYmrjMsI stfPL, puils, Pfier aqy pbilk sYktr dy krmcfrI motIaF qnKfhF pRfpq krdy hn ijhnF nfl axigxq Bwqy vI hn jo afm sLihrI supny ivwc vI nhIN vyK skdf. jnfb mgMtI aqy hor sLihrI pwDr dIaF srkfrF ieh mMnx vfsqy iqafr nhIN hn ik tYks vfDy aqy bjt Gfty  df muwK kfrn pbilk sUktr dIaF motIaF qnKfhF hn.

          dUjy pfsy aYn zI pI isrPL sIeIE qnKfhF nMU hI mudf bxf ky bYTI hY aqy ies pfrtI nMU afpxIaF chyqIaF XUnIanF dIaF motIaF qnKfhF njLr hI nhIN afAuNdIaF. sUby dI kMsrvtv pfrtI ny ies mfmly ivwc  spsLt stYNz ilaf hY aqy pbilk sYktr dIaF qnKfhF nMU kfbU krn vfsqy sMsd ivwc ibwl ilafAux dI mMg kIqI hY. jnfb migMtI  KricaF ƒ kMtrol krn dI gwl qF hux krdy hn pr pbilk sYktr krmcfrIaF nfl “KuwlHy idl nfl gwlbfq” krn aqy kulYkitv bfrgyinMg pRikiraf jfrI rwKx df vfadf vI krdy hn. kulYkitv bfrgyinMg pRikiraf kdy srkfrI Krcy ivwc ktOqI nhIN hox dyvygI ijs qoN ibnF srkfr kol srkfrI syvfvF Gwt krn jF tYksF ivwc BfrI vfDf krn qoN ibnF hor koeI cfrf nhIN bcygf. ieh dovyN qrIky afm lokF dIaF jybF `qy mfr krngy ijs kfrn jfiejL nhIN hn.

          ies mfVI afriQk hflq ivwc pbilk sYktr dIaf qnKfhF nMU kfbU krnf vI kfPLI nhIN hovygf sgoN pbilk sYktr dIaF motIaF qnKfhF nMU rol-bYk krn `qy vI ivcfr hoxf cfhIdf hY. mYgf XUnIanvfd ny lokF ivwc grIb aqy amIr ivwc pfVf bhuq vDf idwqf hY ijs nMU Gt krn dy Epfa socxy cfhIdy hn. sUby ivwc “hYv aqy hYv-nft” klfs ivwc pfVf Biraf jfxf cfhIdf hY aqy ies vfsqy sIeIEjL dI motI qnKfh vI KurdbIn hyT hoxI cfhIdI hY.

          jUn 2011 dI afpxI rport ivwc sUby dy afzItr jnrl ijm mkfrtr ny ikhf sI, “pbilk sYktr ivwc qnKfh vfDy iewnPlysLn ryt qoN vwD rhy hn. BfvyN srkfr ny 2010 ivwc ikhf sI ik srkfr ajyhy qnKfh vfDy PMz nhIN krygI pr jo smJOqy (kulYkitv aYgrImYNt) hoey hn AuhnF df iswtf qnKfh vfDy ivwc inkilaf hY.”

          hux jd sUbf srkfr 16 iblIan zflr dy bjt Gfty df sfhmxf kr rhI hY aqy sUby dy 560,000 dy krIb lok byrujLgfr hn qF pbilk sYktr qnKfhF nMU kfbU krn vfsqy sKLq kdm cuwky jfxy cfhIdy hn. sUby ivwc arbrytrysLn (adfiraF aqy XUnIanF ivckfr ivcolgI) isstm ivwc vI vwzy suDfr dI loV hY. hux qF kfnPrMs borz afPL kYnyzf ny vI afK idwqf hY ik sUby df bjt Gftf 2022 qwk jfrI rhygf.

          grIb aqy amIr ivckfr pfVf GtfAux vfsqy aqy afm lokF nMU tYksF dI lgfqfr vD rhI mfr qoN bcfAux vfsqy mYgf XUnIanvfd nMU nwQxf jLrUrI hY. ies vfsqy kulYkitv bfrginMg dy hwk nMU sImq krn `qy ivcfr kIqf jfxf cfhIdf hY. kulYkitv bfrginMg df hwk iewk sImf `qy phuMc ky KLqm kr idwqf jfxf cfhIdf hY. ieh sImf kI hovy ies dI qlfsL swB iDrF df pwK sux ky kIqI jfxI cfhIdI hY. vkq af igaf hY ik kulYkitv bfrginMg df hwk ibnF sImF dy nhIN hoxf cfhIdf. ies vfsqy kYnyzf pwDr `qy vI ivcfr hoxf cfhIdf hY ijs ivwc PYzrl srkfr nMU pRmuwK BUimkf adf krnI cfhIdI hY.

-blrfj idEl, PrvrI 03-2012, KLbrnfmf #647

 


pMjfb dIaF jLmInI hkIkqF qoN tuwt cuwky hn ivdysLI vwKvfdI!

ivdysLI, Kfskr pwCmI dysLF dy pMjfbI mIzIaf df iek vwzf ihwsf iksy nf iksy kfrn jF iksy nf iksy rUp ivwc iswK vwKvfd dy pRBfv hyT hY. ajyhy mIzIaf df jo ihwsf vwKvfd df smrQk nhIN vI hY, Auh vI vwKvfdI pwqf jLrUr Kyzdf hY. qkrIbn iehI hflq bhuqy ivdysLI gurdvfiraF dy pRbMDkF dI hY. pMjfb ivwc hflfq ies dy iblkul Elt hn, ieQy vwKvfd koeI muwd nhIN hY aqy vwKvfdI koeI iDr hI nhIN hn. hF muwTI Br vwKvfdIaF nMU afpxy sOVy ihwqF vfsqy vrqx vfilaF dI kmI nhIN hY.

pMjfb ivwc hor bhuq smwisafvF hn ijhnF qoN pMjfb dI vwsoN dy vwK vwK vrg pIVHq jF icMquq hn. mihMgfeI, byrujLgfrI, kurwpsLn, ibjlI dI Gft, ishq aqy hor imafrI srkfrI syvfvF dI Gft ajyhy muwdy hn ijhnF qoN lok icMquq hn. grIb do vkq dI rotI aqy isr Zkx jogI Cwq qoN icMquq hY. DMn kubyrF, tYks corF, lutyiraF, lYNz mfPIaf aqy afpxIaF jybF Brn vfsqy iensfPL nMU sUlI `qy tMgx vfilaF dI vI pMjfb ivwc koeI kmI nhIN hY. ajyhy lok Drm df burkf pf ky ivcrdy hn aqy keI vwzy dfnI vI aKvfAuNdy hn.

lok syvfvF aqy pRfjYktF vfsqy Krcy jFdy DMn df vwzf ihwsf rsqy ivwc hI gfieb ho jFdf hY. nvIaF sVkF `qy AuWg rhy tol tYks bUQF qoN lok KusL nhIN hn. jlMDr qoN cMzIgVH jFidaF Gwto Gwt cfr QfvF `qy tol tYks adf krf pYNdf hY. cMgI gwl ieh hY ik tol tYks rUtF vflIaF sVkF avfjfeI dy imafr dIaF jLrUr hn. afm ipMzF dIaF sVkF bxdy sfr hI tutwx lwg pYNdIaF hn ikAuNik kurwpt aPsrF aqy lflcI TykydfrF dIaF jybF grmfAux qoN bwcI luwk qy bjrI hI sVkF dy ihwsy afAuNdI hY. srkfrI skUl, hspqfl aqy srkfrI dPLqrF dIaF iemfrqF Ksqf hflq ivwc hn qy jo nvINaF bxIaF hn Auh kuJ sflF ivwc hI Ksqf hflq vwl vDxIaF sLurU ho jFdIaF hn. sPLfeI nfm dI koeI sLYa nhIN hY aqy nf hI sPLfeI df koeI ivDI-ivDFq njLr afAuNdf hY.

pMjfb dy iek aihm sLihr dy vwzy bws awzy nMu bhuq ghu nfl vyKx df mOkf imilaf ijs dI iemfrq cMgI hflq ivwc hY. XfqrIaF dy bYTx vfsqy cMgf vyitMg hfl aqy kursIaF df vI vDIaf pRbMD hY pr kUVy dI sMBfx df koeI pRbMD nhIN hY. ies vwzy bws awzy dy keI cwkr lgf ky vyiKaf qF isrPL do kUVfdfn njLr afey ijhnF df sfeIjL afm mYkzfnlz ivwc lwgy iek kUVfdfn qoN msF awD hI sI aqy hYrfnI dI gwl ieh sI ik ieh dovyN kUVfdfn do vwK vwK Coty (10 ku kursIaF vfly) stfl sfeIjL rYstorYNtF dy bfhr sn aqy sbMD stflF dy hI sn, bws awzy dI mlkIaq nhIN sn. jo XfqrI bYTx vfly rYstorYNtF qoN KFdy sn AuhnF dI rihMd-KUMd (kUVf) rYstorYNt vfly cuwkdy sn pr jo XfqrI stflF qoN lY ky KFdy-pINdy sn Auh kUVf vgfh ky PrsL `qy mfrdy sn. quridaF iPridaF mUMgPlI, kyly, sMqry afid Kfx vfly iCwlF afrfm nfl ieDr AuDr suwtI jf rhy sn. dUjy pfsy sPLfeI vfly afpxf JfVU mfrI jFdy sn.

pMjfb dI iek nihr iknfry bxI pwkI sVk `qy idn vyly 40-45 iklo mItr df sPLr krn df mOkf imilaf. nihr iknfry hr Gr, dukfn aqy ipMz vfly afpxf kUVf nihr ivwc suwtdy vyK ky mn bhuq duKI hoieaf. suwkI hoeI nihr dy ivc aqy iknfiraF `qy kUVy dy Zyr lwgy hoey sn. plfsitk dy gMdy ilPLfPy hvf ivwc Auz rhy sn.

bIqy hPLqy dOrfn cMgf mINh pYx kfrn keI ipMzF dIaF glIaF ivwc pfxI afm KVf sI. pMjfb ivwc sFJI sPLfeI jF kimAUntI klIinMg nfm dI koeI vsqU nhIN hY. lok afpxI dukfn jF Gr df kUVf afpxI hI pRfprtI dy mUhry sVk ivwc suwt dyx nMU sPLfeI smJdy hn. Gr dy gMdy pfxI df inkfs Gr mUhry sVk ivwc kr idMdy hn, 10-20 Puwt dI nflI vI srkfr jF pMcfieq vloN puwty jfx dI AumId rwKdy hn. nflI bxI hovy qF Aus nMU sfPL krnf afpxI hwqk smJdy hn ikAuNik ieh kMMm qF BMgIaF df hY. Gr mUhry gNMdy pfxI df CwpV lwg jfvy jF nvIN bxI sVk tuwt jfvy, ies nfl AuhnF nMU ksLt nhIN huMdf.

bhuqy ZfibaF, stflF aqy ryhVIaF vfly gMdy brqx, kol rwKI pfxI dI iek bfltI ivwc dI lMGf ky afpxy moZy `qy rwKy gMdy sfPLy nfl pUhuMJ ky nvyN gfhk awgy rwK idMdy hn. pfxI nfl kuJ sfPL hoey brqx, gMdy sfPLy nfl hor gMdy ho jFdy hn aqy sPLfeI vloN axjfx gfhk KfeI qury jFdy hn.

pMjfb ivwc keI Dfrimk smfgmF ivwc isLrkq krn df vI mOkf imilaf. iek Dfrimk smfgm ivwc syvf ivwc juitaf iek gRMQI afpxy gl ivwc pfey prny nMU afpxIaF muwCF aqy dfhVI nMU svfrn vfsqy lgfqfr vrq irhf sI. ieMJ jfpdf sI ik Auh prny nMU afpxy mUMh `qy Pyrn df afdI sI aqy KMGx vyly vI prnf mUMh mUhry kr lYNdf sI jo ik iek cMgI gwl sI. kMm Es smyN Krfb jfipaf jd Aus ny pRsLfd vMzx smyN clfvyN ijhy hwQ Do ky afpxy Ausy prny nfl phMuJ ley jo Auh GMtf Br mUMh aqy muwCF `qy Pyrdf irhf sI. pfxI dy glfs nfl Aus ny afpxy hwQ “pivwqr” kr ley sn, gMdy prny nfl hwQ phMuJx dy asr qoN Auh aqy sMgq df vwzf ihwsf byKLbr jfpdf sI.

ieh duwK dI gwl hY ik pMjfb kurwpsLn, BrUx hwiqaf aqy nsLy dI KLpq ivwc mohrI sUbf bx igaf hY. Dfrimk ivsLvfs df iehnF iqMn kukrmF nMU GtfAux `qy koeI asr nhIN vyiKaf jf skdf. pUrn iswKI srUp vfly aPLsr aYn Esy ZMg nfl irsLvq lYNdy hn ijs qrF hor aPsr lYNdy hn. pMjfb dIaF iehnF lok smwisafvF aqy AuhnF dy hwl df iksy Drm nfl koeI sbMD nhIN hY. iehI kfrn hY ik pMjfb coxF ivwc koeI Dfrimk muwdf nhIN hY. akflI dl ny afpxI cox kMpyn df kyNdrI muwdf zIvYlpmYNt nMU bxfieaf hoieaf hY.

          pMjfb dIaF coxF vwl vyKIey qF iehnF ivwc “aYn afr afeI” PYktr qkrIbn mnPLI hY. “aYn afr afeI” PYktr bfry jo rOlf ivdysLF ivwc hY Auh pMjfb dI DrqI `qy njLr nhIN afAuNdf. “aYn afr afeI” PYktr aKLbfrI ibafnF qwk hI sImq hY jo pMjfb dIaF isafsI pfrtIaF nfl juVy pRvfsI afpxI Bwl bxfAux vfsqy dfgdy rihMdy hn. mnpRIq bfdl dI ivdysL PyrI mOky pIpIpI dy kuJ smrQk hjLfrF pRvfsIaF dy cox pRcfr vfsqy puwjx dy dfavy krdy sn jo inry Koty sn. akflI aqy kFgrs pfrtI dy kuJ ivdysLI smrQk jLrUr pMjfb puwjy hoey hn pr AuhnF dI igxqI “ibafn dfgx” jogI hI hY. pRvfsI votrF dI igxqI qF kuJ sYNkVy qoN vwD nhIN jfpdI. aYn afr afeI iehnF coxF ivwc koeI PYktr nhIN hn aqy nf hI pRvfsIaF dy pMjfb vwsdy irsLqydfr AuhnF dy khy iksy nMU awKF mIc ky sport krn vfly hn. ieQy iksy pfrtI nMU vot pfAux jF nf pfAux dy hor drjnF kfrn hn jo votr nMU pRBfvq krdy hn.

          ivdysLI pMjfbI mIzIaf ivwc smyN smyN jo muwdy aksr BfrU jfpdy hn Auh pMjfb ivwc muwdy hI nhIN hn. pMjfb ivwc vfprIaF CotIaF motIaF GtnfvF jo aksr ivdysLF ivwc ryzIE tfk sLoaF df mwudf bx jFdIaF hn, pMjfb dy mIzIey ivwc AuhnF df mfmUlI ijLkr hI huMdf hY. ivdysLF ivwc kuJ aYsy mIzIafkfr hn ijhnF dIaF rportF pVHn-sunx qoN jfpdf hY ijvyN pMjfb ivwc koeI vwzI vwKvfdI lihr cwl rhI hovy pr pMjfb ivwc ajyhI iksy lihr df nfm insLfn qwk nhIN hY. kuJ ivdysLI mIzIafkfrF ny ajyhy inAUjLkfstr rwKy hoey hn jo CotIaF CotIaF GtnfvF nMU msflf lgf ky pysL krdy hn ijs nfl pMjfb ivwc iksy kiQq lihr df Jlkfrf pYNdf hY.

          isafsI pfrtIaF aksr hr iksm dy votr smUhF dI sport lYx vfsqy doV Bwj krdIaF hn. zyrf isrsf nMU Audfhrx dy qOr `qy vyKIey qF kFgrs, akflI, Bfjpf aqy pIpIpI zyry dI sport lYx leI zyry dy gyVy mfr rhIaF hn. iehnF coxF ivwc ies iek zyry dI buwkq vwKvfdIaF dy sfry guwtF qoN ikqy vwD jfpdI hY.  mfn akflI dl ijs dy ibafn ivdysLI pMjfbI mIzIaf ivwc cmkf ky lgfey jFdy hn, pMjfb ivwc iek mfmUlI sMgTn hY.

pMjfb ivwc afm lok, buwDIjIvI vrg aqy aPsrsLfhI ivwc ajyhf bMdf lwBxf musLkl hY jo ieh socdf hovy ik pMjfb ivwc vwKvfdI lihr df koeI BivK hY. ivdysLI vwKvfdI pMjfb dIaF jLmInI hkIkqF qoN pUrI qrF tuwt cuwky jfpdy hn. pMjfb ivwc kuJ igxqI dy vwKvfdI jLrUr hn aqy ipCokV vwl vyKIey qF sdf kuJ lok ajyhI soc dy DfrnI rhy hn pr pMjfb ivwc vwKvfdI lihr jF vwKvfdI iDr nfm dI koeI cIjL nhIN hY.

 


cox kimsLn vloN nisLaF nMU Twl!

pMjfb ivwc hux qwk TMzI cwl rhI cox muihMm kuJ BKx lwg peI hY. nfmjdgIaF dI vfpsI qoN bfad sUby dIaF kuwl 117 ivDfn sBf sItF vfsqy hux 1080 AumIdvfr mYdfn ivc rih gey dwsy gey hn. kFgrs, akflI-Bfjpf gwTjoV, bhujn smfj pfrtI aqy sfˆJy morcy dy AumIdvfrF qoˆ ielfvf kfPI afËfd AumIdvfr vI mYdfn ivc hn. hYrfnI vflI gwl hY ik cox notIPIkysLn qoN pihlF sLurU hoieaf dlbdlIaF df islislf ajy vI jfrI hY. pMjfb aqy Bfrq dI isafsq ivwc dlbdlIaF nvIN gwl nhIN hn pr ies vfr pMjfb ivwc dlblUaF ny nvyN irkfrz kfiem kr idwqy hn. dlbdlUaF ny jo nvIN iprq pfeI hY Auh pMjfb dI isafsq vfsqy sLuB aml nhIN hY. kursIaF hfsl krn dI lflsf muwidaF aqy nIqIaF `qy BfrU ho geI hY.

isafsI pfrtIaF df kyNdrIkrn dlbdlIaF df iek Kfs kfrn hY. pfrtIaF dy srgrm afgUaF kol itkt hfsl krn vfsqy kyNdrI lIzrisLp dI muwTI-cfpI qoN ibnF hor koeI cfrf nhIN hY. kFgrs aqy Bfjpf vrgIaF pfrtIaF ivwc kyNdrI lIzrisLp spsLt ivKfeI idMdI hY qy itktF dy cfhvfn idwlI vwl Bjdy vyKy jf skdy hn pr sLRomxI akflI dl ikAuNik iek KyqrI pfrtI hY ies leI akflI dl dIaF itktF dy cfhvfn idwlI vwl Bwjx dI QF AuDr Bwjdy rhy hn ijDr bfdl ipAu puwq zyry lfeI bYTy sn. aml ieko hI hY ik itkt pfrtI dI suprIm lIzrisLp dy hwQ hY. inrsMdyh ieh aml ishqmMd nhIN hY. pwCmI dysLF smyq dunIaF Br ivwc rfjsI pfrtIaF itkt cfhvfnF `qy njLr rwKdIaF hn aqy CfxbIx vI krdIaF hn, pr Bfrq ivwc rfjsI pfrtIaF dI kyNdrI lIzrisLp loVoN vwD BfrU hY.

iehnF coxF ivwc Bfrq df cox kimÈn AumIdvfrF, rfjsI pfrtIaF, cox srgrmI aqy aPsrsLfhI `qy sÉq nËr rwK irhf hY. ijhnF pMj sUibaF ivwc coxF ho rhIaF hn AuhnF ivwc inrpwK coxF vfsqy cox kimsLn ny puKq pRbMD kIqy hn ijs qoN rfjsI afgU bhuqy KusL nhIN hn. cox aml inrpwK rwKx vfsqy cox kimsLn ny puils aqy isvl aiDkfrIaF dIaF vwzI pwDr `qy bdlIaF kIqIaF hn ijs nfl cox kimsLn iek qfkq bx ky AuBiraf hY ijs dy idsLfinrdysL ‘rfj qfkq’ bx gey hn. Auqr pRdyÈ ivwc muwK mMqrI mfieafvqI bhujn smfj pfrtI dy cox inÈfn hfQI aqy Aus (mfieafvqI) dy buwq Zwkx dy cox kimÈn dy PYsly qoN KPf hY. mfieafvqI ies nUM iekqrÌf PYslf smJdI hY pr dysL dy muwK cox kimsLnr sRI kurYÈI ny iehnF dosLF nMU rwd kr idwqf hY. sRI kurYÈI ny ikhf hY ik AuhnF srkfrI dÌqrfˆ `coˆ muwK mMqrI, pRDfn mMqrI aqy hor swqfDfrI nyqfvfˆ dIafˆ qsvIrfˆ htfAux leI ikhf hY aqy jykr qsvIrF htfeIafˆ nhIˆ jf skdIafˆ qfˆ AunHfˆ nUM Zwk dyx leI ikhf hY.

pMjfb ivwc vI subfeI mwuK cox aiDkfrI kusumjIq iswDU ny sKLq phuMc apxfeI hoeI hY ijs qoN s: pRkfsL isMG bfdl nfKusLI jfhr kr cuwky hn pr s: bfdl jfxdy hn ik cox kimsLn ies smyN ‘srbsLkqImfn’ hY aqy AuhnF hor ivvfd ivwc pYxf shI nhIN smiJaf. cox kimsLn AumIdvfrfˆ dy cox Krcy `qy sKLq njLr rwK irhf hY ijs kfrn cox pRcfr ivwc pihlfˆ vrgI srgrmI ivKfeI nhIN idMdI. AumIdvfr iksy vI Krcy vfsqy 20 hjLfr rupey qoN vwD kYsL adgfiegI nhIN kr skdy, cox pRcfr dPLqrF df Krcf, iesLiqhfrbfjLI aqy pRcfr ivwc jutIaF motr-gwzIaF vI cox kimsLn dI njLr hyT hn. ies nfl hwdF bMny twp cuwky coxfˆ Krcy nMU kuJ kuJ hwd qwk Twl pfeI jf skygI aqy “mfieaf” df glbf Gtfieaf jf skygf.
coxF ivwc nisLaF dI vrqoN nMU Twlx ivwc hux qwk cox kimsLn nMU vwzI sPLlqf imlI hY. pMjfb ivwc coxF dOrfn nisLaF dI vrqoN iek vwzI cxOqI bx cuwkI sI ijs nMU iDafn ivwc rwKidaF cox kimsLn ny sUby Br ivwc sLrfb smyq nisLaF dI Zoaf-ZuafeI (mUvmYNt) `qy Kfs njLr rwKI hoeI hY. jfxkfr sroq dwsdy hn ik ies nfl hux qwk nisLaF nMU Twlx ivwc vwzI kfmXfbI imlI hY jo afpxy afp ivwc iewk vwzI pRfpqI hY. pMjfb ivwc surwiKaF dsqy vwzI pwDr `qy qYnfq kIqy gey hn aqy sUby dy muwK mfrgF `qy lwgy nfky kYsL aqy nisLaF dI mUvmYNt `qy njLr rwK rhy hn. hux qF pyNzU mfrgF `qy vI ajyhI cYikMg sLurU kr idwqI geI hY ijwQy aksr vwzI pwDr `qy nsLy vrqfey jFdy hn. tRFsportr iksy vI iksm df irsk lYx vfsqy iqafr nhIN hn.  kimsLn dy sKLq ruK kfrn pMjfb dIaF sVkF qoN lflbwqI qy kUkdy sfiernF vflIaF kfrF dy kfPly vI gfieb ho gey hn. lflbwqIaF vfly vIvIafeIpI hux cuwp kfrF ivwc sPLr krdy hn.

ieh gwl vyKx vflI hY ik nsLy aqy notF dI axhoNd jF sImqqf votr trn-afAUt `qy kI asr pfAuNdI hY. hux qoN hI votr trn-afAUt Gt jfx dy aMdfjLy lgfey jf rhy hn ijs df kfrn Zol Zmwky dI Gft ho skdf hY. pr ajy cox pRcfr dy 8-9 idn bfkI hn jo votrF nMU afkrisLq krn vfsqy kfPLI hn.

aisDf cox pRcfr aMdro aMdr cwl irhf hY ijs aDIn vwK vwK BfeIcfiraF, jQybMd votrF aqy sMprdfvF nMU tfrgt kIqf jf irhf hY. zyrf isrsf ny ajy qwk afpxI cox nIqI gupq rwKI hoeI hY. zyrf votrF nMU gMZx vfsqy kFgrs pfrtI ny spsLt stYNz lY ilaf hY pr akflI dl dIaF koisLsLF ajy vI prdy dy ipwCy hI cwl rhIaF hn. zyrf smrQk votr mflby dIaF kuwl 69 sItF ivcoN 45 sItF nMU pRBfvq krn dy jog smJy jFdy hn ijs kfrn AuhnF nMU njLraMdfjL nhIN kIqf jf skdf. sfl 2007 dIaF coxF ivwc pMjfb kFgrs ny iehnF 69 sItF ivwcoN 37 sItF `qy ijwq hfsl kr ky akflI dl df gVH smJy jFdy mflby ivwc dl nMU Korf lgfieaf sI. pMjfb kFgrs dy pRDfn kYptn amirMdr isMG ny sfPL afK idwqf hY ik zyrf sLrDflU sfzy votr hn, asIN AuhnF qoN ikAuN votF nf mMgIey?

kFgrs aqy akflI-Bfjpf gwTjoV BfvyN dovyN hI BfrI sMBfvI ijwq dy dfavy kr rhy hn aMdroN dovyN hI votrF dI cuwp qoN KOPLjdf hn. ijwq dy dfavy aqy aMdfjLy pMjfb dy votr df mn pVH lYx dy jog nhIN hn. pMjfb ivwc ies mOky akflI Bfjpf gwTjoV dy iKlfPL “hfkm-ivroDI” lihr vyKx nMU nhIN imldI aqy nf hI iksy iek pfrtI pwKI lihr vyKx nMU imldI hY. pMjfb df afm votr vI afpxy smrQn nMU zyrf isrsf vFg gupq hI rwK irhf hY. pIpIpI PYktr cox nqIijaF `qy kI asr pfvygf ieh vI ajy spsLt nhIN hoieaf.

pMjfb ivwc jfalI krMsI aqy zrwgjL dI PVo PVI ivwc vI qyjLI afeI hY. jfalI BfrqI krMsI aksr pfiksqfn qoN smgl huMdI hY ijs ipwCy dihsLqgrd sMgTnF aqy afeI aYs afeI df hwQ dwisaf jFdf hY. cox kimsLn dI sKLqI kfrn cox aml ivwc vwwzf suDfr ho irhf hY. notF aqy nisLaF nMU hux qwk peI Twl sLlfGfXog hY aqy afs kIqI jfxI cfhIdI hY ik ajyhf aml cox idn qwk jfrI rhygf. cox kimsLn df sKLq ruK Bfrq ivwc amlI rUp ivwc cox suDfrF dI sLurUafq smJI jfxI cfhIdI hY.

-blrfj idEl

 


10vF pRvfsI BfrqI idvs

Bfrq srkfr vloN pRvfsI BfrqIaF dI dysL dI qrwkI ivwc mhwqqf nMU drsfAuNdf 10vF pRvfsI BfrqI idvs rfjsQfn dI rfjDfnI jYpur ivwc sMpn ho igaf hY. sflfnf pRvfsI BfrqI idvs dI sLurUafq vfjpfeI srkfr ny kIqI sI ijs nMU zf: mnmohn isMG srkfr ny jfrI rwiKaf hY. pRvfsI BfrqI idvs vfsqy Bfrq srkfr ny hr sfl jnvrI 7-8 aqy 9 dIaF pwkIaF qrIkF rwKIaF hoeIaF hn. hr sfl pRDfn mMqrI jnvrI 8 aqy rfsLtrpqI jnvrI 9 nMU pRvfsI BfrqI idvs nMU sMboDn krdy hn. hr sfl iek aihm pRvfsI BfrqI nMU ies smfgm vfsqy muwK mihmfn vjoN bulfieaf aqy snmfinaF jFdf hY aqy drjun qoN vwD pRvfsIaF nMU pRvfsI BfrqI avfrz idwqy jFdy hn.

ies 10vyN pRvfsI BfrqI idvs df mfto “globl ieMzIan – aksklUisv groQ” rwiKaf igaf sI. muwK smfgmF qoN ielfvf vwK vwK sYmInfrF ivwc 70 qoN bulfry sLfml sn ijhnF ivwc 40 qoN vwD kfmXfb pRvfsI sn. pihly idn 7 jnvrI nMU BivK ivwc pfxI dI sMBfl qy sucwjI vrqoN aqy solr aYnrjI `qy BrvyN sYmInfr hoey. Bfrq solr aYnrjI `qy kfPLI jLor dy irhf hY aqy rfjsQfn ajyhf sUbf hY ijs ivwc solr aYnrjI dy vwzy pRfjYkt sLurU kIqy jf rhy hn. solr aYnrjI `qy rIsrc & zIvYlpmYNt `qy coKf jLor idwqf jf irhf hY aqy ivdysLI kMpnIaF nfl sihXog vDfieaf jf irhf hY qF ik dysL dI ibjlI dI loV nMU pUrf kIqf jf sky ijs nfl dysL dI qrwkI bwJI hoeI hY. 7 jnvrI sLfm nMU pRvfsI BfrqI idvs ivc sLfml do hjLfr qoN vwD pRvfsIaF nMU Bfrq dy ivdysL ivBfg ny sQfnk istI pYils ivwc sLfndfr iznr idwqf.

8 jnvrI nMU pRDfn mMqrI zfktr mnmohn isMG ny pRvfsI BfrqI idvs nMU azrYs kIqf ies mOky ivrlf aozItorIam Kcf Kwc Biraf hoieaf sI. trInIzfz & tbYgo dy pRDfn mMqrI mYzm kmlf pRsfd bsysur jo ik ies smfgm dy muwK mihmfn sn, ny Bfrq nMU ‘Bfrq mfqf’ dI QF grYNz mdr ieMzIaf afKidaF ikhf ik grYNz mdr nMU bwcy mF nfloN vI vwD ipafry huMdy hn. mYzm kmlf pRsfd bsysur ny Bfrq srkfr dI ‘pRvfsI BfrqI idvs’ aXoijq krn vfsqy qfrIP kIqI aqy ies nMU ‘globl ieMzIan’ sLihrI vfsqy shI krfr idwqf. vwK vwK sYmInfrF ivwc drjnF mMqrIaF ny Bfg ilaf ijhnF ivwc KjLfnf mMqrI pRxfB muKrjI vI sLfml sn. plYnrI sYsLn nMbr iqMn ivwc EntyrIE dy mMqrI sRI hirMdr qwKr vI bulfiraF dy pYnl ivwc sLfml sn. ies idn rfq df Kfxf rfjsQfn dy mwuK mMqrI sRI afsLok glhoq ny ieiqhfsk sIsodf rfxI bfg pYils ivwc idwqf. ies ivwc bhuq vDIaf klcrl pRogrfm pysL kIqf igaf ijs df aMq sLfndfr afiqsLbfjLI nfl hoieaf.

9 jnvrI nMU muwK mMqrIaF df sYsLn hoieaf ijs ivwc 6 muwK mMqrIaF ny Bfg ilaf aqy rfjF dy pRogrfm qy mOikaF bfry ivcfr vtFdrf kIqf igaf. Bfad duiphr vwK rfjF ny afpxy afpxy sYmInfr ajoijq kIqy ijhnF ivwc keI muwK mMqrIaF ny Bfg ilaf. gujrfq dy sYmInfr swB qoN vwD iKwc df kyNdr sI ijs nMU muwK mMqrI nirMdr modI ny sMboDn kIqf. qrwkI dI Jlk idMidaF nirMdr modI ny afiKaf ik sUby dIaF pihlIaF 9 pMj sflf XojnfvF dI kul rkm 47,000 kroV rupey sI jd ik 10vIN pMj sflf Xojnf ivwc kul rkm keI guxf vD ky iek lwK kroV rupey ho geI aqy hux 11vIN pMj sflf Xojnf ivwc ieh rkm vD ky iek lwK ds hjLfr kroV rupey ho geI hY. AuhnF ikhf ik sUbf sikl zIvYlpmYnt `qy bhuq jor dy irhf hY aqy sUby ivwc 976 iksm dy vwK vwK ikiqaF dy kors sLurU kIqy gey hn. KyqI sYktr d qrwkI vfsqy Kfs Xqn kIq jf rhy hn KyqI df iek iqhfeI ihwsf jMglfq nMU bxfieaf jf irhf hY ijs nfl vqfvrx nMU bcfieaf jf skygf aqy cMdn vrgI mihMgI lkVI vI pYdf kIqI jfvygI. KyqI sYktr nMU pwky mfl dIaF mMzIaF nfl joVn vfsqy AuhnF “Pfrm – Pybirk – PYsLn –Pfrn” df cfr nukfqI pRogrfm dwisaf ijs aDIn kpfh dI KyqI PYsLn dy rUp ivwc aYksport kIqI jfvygI.  9 jnvrI nMU pRvfsI BfrqI mMqrfly vloN pRvfsIaF nMU rfq df Kfxf KUbsUrq jY mihl pYils ivwc idwqf igaf ijs ivwc sLfndfr klcrl pRogrfm pysL kIqf igaf. mMqrI sRI vfielr rvI aqy rfjsQfn dy muwK mMqrI sRI afsLok glhoq hfjLr rhy.

vwK vwK sYmInfrF ivwc Bfrq ivwc af rhI qbdIlI, arcxF aqy arD-KVoq nMU vI bhuq Kuwl ky ivcfiraf igaf. aPsrsLfhI dy nFh pwKI rol aqy kurwpsLn `qy mMqrIaF dI hfjLrI ivwc ivcfr rwKy gey aqy PYslfkun qbdIlI dI mMg kIqI geI. srkfr aqy ivroDI iDr nMU “aYPzIafeI” (Pfrn zfrYkt ienvYstmYNt) lfgU krn ivwc asPl rihx vfsqy koisaf igaf. iek bulfry ny qF ieh vI afK idwqf ik cIn dI qrwkI cIn dI srkfr dIaF nIqIaF kfrn hor rhI hY pr Bfrq dI qrwkI Bfrq dI srkfr dy bfvjUd ho rhI hY Bfv Bfrq srkfr dIaF ax-anUkUl nIqIaF dy bfvjUd ho rhI hY.

dunIaF Br ivwc PYly 27 imlIan dy krIb pRvfsI BfrqI sflfnf 50 iblIan qoN vwD ivdysLI krMsI Bfrq Byjdy hn ijs nfl dysL ivwc Pfrn krMsI dI QuVH KLqm ho geI hY. hYrfnI df qwQ ieh hY ik arb dysLF ivwc kMm krdy 6 imlIan dy krIb pRvfsI BfrqI sflfnf 50% Pfrn krMsI Bfrq Byjdy hn. arb dysLF ivwc kMm krdy pRvfsI BfrqI grIb pRvfsI igxy jFdy hn ikAuNik iehnF ivwc bhuqy sfDfrn kfmy huMdy hn. Bfrq srkfr iehnF dI ibhqrI vfsqy Kfs Xqn kr rhI hY. srkfr ny iehnF vfsqy hYlQ & vYlPyar skIm sLurU kIqI hY ijs ivwc ssqy bImy dI ivvsQf hY.

Bfrq dI qrwkI ivwc pRvfsIaF dy rol bfry bolidaF iek mfhr ny qF ieQoN qwk afK idwqf ik Bfrq dI ajLfdI ivwc vI pRvfsIaF df aihm Xogdfn sI aqy ajoky Bfrq dI nINh rwKx vfsqy iqMn vwzy nyqf pRvfsI BfrqI sn ijhnF dy nfm ies mfhr ny pMzq nihrU, mhfqmf gFDI aqy zfktr aMbydkr dwsy.

pRvfsI BfrqI idvs iek aihm Porm bx cuwkf hY ijs ivwc hr sfl ivcfrF df adfn pRdfn huMdf hY jo srkfr dIaF nIqIaF inrDfrq krn ivwc shfeI huMdf hY. pRvfsI BfrqI dy rUp ivwc “BfrqI” swc muwc hI “golbl ieMzIan” bx cwukf hY aqy pRvfsI BfrqI idvs globl ieMzIan nMU Bfrq nfl joVI rwKx df sfDn bx igaf hY.

-blrfj idEl                      

 

 


‘styt ivd ien styt’, kI krygf pfiksqfn?

          krjLy hyT dwby pfiksqfn dI aMdrUnI hflq idno idn lgfqfr ivgVdI jf rhI hY. pfiksqfn df swB qoN purfxf imwqr aqy mddgfr dysL amrIkf vI pfiksqfqn qoN ipwCy htdf jf irhf hY. pfiksqfn ivwc ieslfimk kwtVpMQI BfrU huMdy jf rhy hn ijs kfrn dunIaF pfiksqfn `qy ivsLvfs krn vfsqy iqafr nhIN hY. qfkqvr POj aqy kmjLor isvlIan srkfr ivckfr ksLmsL vDdI jf rhI hY. bdamnI, afey idn ho rhy dihsLgrd hmly, afriQk mMdhflI, byrujLgfrI aqy syvfvF dI QuVH kfrn hflq hor vI pycIdf huMdy jf rhy hn. ibjlI, qyl, ptrol aqy kudrqI gYs dI spflfeI dI QuVH kfrn KyqI, ieMzstrI, trFport qy burf asr pY irhf hY. hux qF GrylU kMmF vfsqy rsoeI gYs aqy bflx dI Gft  ny vI lokF leI musIbq KVI kr idwqI hY. pYsy aqy bflx dI Gft kfrn ryl gwzIaF dI syvf vI burI qrF pRBfvq hoeI hY.

          ies mMdhflI ivwcoN inklx vfsqy imqr dysLF nfl sihXog qy imlvrqx df rsqf apnfAux dI QF pfiksqfn axikafsy rsqy qy cwl ipaf hY. pfiksqfnI KuPIaf eyjMsI qy POj iek pfsy nMU aqy isvlIan srkfr dUjy pfsy nMU iKwc rhI hY. abtfbfd ivwc Cupy hoey Esfmf ibn lfidn nMU meI 2010 ivwc cuwp cupIqy mfrn ivwc kfmXfb ho jfx qoN bfad amrIkf dI lwq AuWqy ho geI sI aqy pfiksqfn nMU nmosLI df mUMh vyKxf ipaf sI. pfiksqfnI POj dy jfgx qwk amrIkf vfly Esfm nMU mfr ky Aus dI lfsL pfiksqfnI POj dI CfqI qoN cuwk ky lY gey sn. sMsfr jfxdf hY ik pfiksqfn Esfmf ibn lfidn nMU keI sflF qoN CupfeI bYTf sI. isvlIan srkfr nMU pqf hovy jF nf pr ieh gwl pwkI hY ik POj aqy afeIaYsafeI swB kuJ qoN vfkPL sI.

          Esfmf dy mfry jfx ipwCoN pYdf hoeI qlKI dOrfn isvlIan srkfr nMU zr pYdf ho igaf sI ik POjI hkUmq afeI ky afeI. ies zr ivcoN inkilaf “mYmogyt” awj pfiksqfn vfsqy iPr ivsPotk hflq pYdf kr irhf hY. POj aqy KuPIaf eyjMsI afeI aYs afeI nMU jkIn hY ik rfsLtrpqI jLrdfrI ny POjI rfjplty dy zroN amrIkf qoN mdd mMgI sI ijs df ieMksLfPL kuJ mhIny pihlF pfiksqfnI ipCokV dy amrIkI vpfrI mnsUr iejfjL ny kIqf sI. mnsUr iejfjL aj vI afpxy ibafnF `qy KVf hY ik pfik rfsLtrpqI ny afpxI POj dy iKlfP amrIkf qoN mdd mMgI sI aqy amrIkf nMU Byijaf igaf sbMiDq ‘mYmo’ jF Xfd pwqr ilKqI sI ijs ivwc amrIkf ivwc pfik df sPIr husYn hwkfnI vI sLfml sI.

          ies ‘mYmo’ qoN bxy ‘mymogyt’ (skYNzl) kfrn sPIr husYn hwkfnI nMU asqIPLf dyxf ipaf sI pr ‘mymogyt’ dI crcf sPIR dy asqIPy nfl vI Twl nhIN sI skI. POj aqy afeI aYs afeI ‘mymogyt’ nMU pwKf Jwl rhI hY qy pfiksqfn dIaF ivroDI pfrtIaF vI kurwpt qy kmjLor isvlIan srkfr nMU asiQr krn `qy qulIaF hoeIaF hn. dysL qoN bfhr bYTf jnrl musLwrPL aqy suprIm kort dy cIPL jsits afpxy afpxy ihwqF nMU iDafn ivwc rwK ky gym Kyz rhy hn.

          ‘mymogyt’ dI qPLqIsL vfsqy iqMn mYNbrI kimsLn nfmjd kr ky suprIm kort ny isvlIan srkfr nMU bhuq ksUqI Psf ilaf hY. pfiksqfn dy rwiKaf mMqrfly ny suprIm kort kol mMn ilaf hY ik POj aqy afeI aYs afeI rwiKaf mMqrfly dy kfbU hyT nhIN hn. ikRsims qoN pihlF BfrI dbfE aqy nmosLI df sfhmxf kr rhy pRDfn mMqrI XUsPL rjLf iglfnI sMsd ivwc afKr swc afK hI gey ik iksy adfry kol vI  “styt  ivd ien styt” pYdf krn df hwk nhIN hY. POj vwl ieCfrf kridaF AuhnF spsLt afK idwqf ik jy Auh rwiKaf mMqrfly dy hyT nhIN hn qF ies sMsd dI koeI mhwqqf nhIN hY. ies isstm dI koeI mhwqqf nhIN hY aqy nf hI qusI (sMsd) pRBUswqf sMpn adfrf ho. AuhnF ieh iglf vI kIqf ik srkfr ny aOKy smyN vI POj dIaF qnKfhF ivwc BfrI vfDf kIqf hY. AuhnF KdsLf jfhr kIqf sI ik AuhnF dI srkfr nMU suwtx vfsqy sfjsLF GVIaF jf rhIaF hn. ieh vwKrI gwl hY ik Auh kuJ GMty bfad hI ies ibafn qoN ipClKurI muVdy ivKfeI dyx lwg pey sn. rfsLtrpqI jLrdfrI ishq df bhfnf bxf ky kuJ hPLqy zubeI nMU Bwj gey sn.

          cIP jsits iePqkfr cODrI dI rfsLtrpqI jLrdfrI nfl dflL nhI glLdI aqy hux ivsLlysLk mihsUs krdy hn jsits cODrI dI POj nfl sItI rlL geI hY. suprIm kort vwloˆ ‘mymogyt’ dI qPLqIsL vfsqy bxfey gey kimÈn dI agvfeI bloicsqfn hfeIkort dy cIÌ jsits kfËI PYË kr rhy hn qy ies kimÈn dy do hor mYˆbr ieslfmfbfd hfeIkort dy cIP jsits aqy isMD hfeIkort dy cIP jsits hn. kimÈn leI mfmly dI swcfeI, sroq aqy kfrnfˆ df pqf lfAux leI cfr hPiqafˆ dI smyN sImf qYa kIqI geI hY. POj aqy afeI aYs afeI srkfr qoN bfhrIaF ho ky ‘mymogyt’ bfry afpxf pwK rwK rhIaF hn jdik rfsLtrpqI jLrdfrI ies kimsLn nMU byloVf dws rhy hn.

          rihMdI ksr pfiksqfn dI pRisD vkIl aqy mnuwKI aiDkfr aYzvokyt bIbI asmf jhFgIr ny kwZ idwqI hY. bIbI jhFgIr ies mfmly ivwc sfbkf pfiksqfnI sPIr husyn hkfnI dI vkflq kr rhy sn pr suprIm kort vloN 9 dy 9 jwjF ny jd ‘mymogyt’ mfmly ivwc bIbI asmf jhFgIr vloN AuTfey jf rhy kfnMUnI nukiqaF nMU njLraMdfjL kr ky qPLqIsLIaf kimmsLn nfmjLd kr idwqf qF bIbI jhFgIr ny husyn hkfnI dI vkflq krn qoN ienkfr kr idwqf. bIbI ny spsLt afK idwqf hY ik Auh afpxy klfieMt dy ihwqF dI rfKI nhIN kr skdI ikAuNik pfiksqfn dI suprIm kort nMU POj clf rhI hY qy isvlIan srkfr dy nmdy kwsy jfx dI iqafrI ho rhI hY. bIbI asmf POjI rfj dy sKLq iKlfPL hY aqy pfiksqfn ivwc pRPUwlq  jmhUrIaq vyKx dI cfhvfn hY. zfn tIvI nfl ieMtrivAU ivwc bIbI jhFgIr ny sfPL kih idwqf hY ik Aus nMU iensfPL dI koeI afs nhIN hY. bIbI asmf df ivsLvfs hY ik pfiksqfn, jmhUrI injLfm dy hyT hI awgy vD skdf hY aqy POj mukMml qOr `qy isvlIan srkfr dy aDIn hoxI cfhIdI hY. bIbI muqfibk POj sfbkf sPIr husyn hkfnI nMU blI df bwkrf bxfAux jf rhI hY. jLrdfrI aqy hkfnI ny iksy vI ajyhy mymo dI jfxkfrI hox qoN ienkfr kIqf hY ijs ivwc pfik POj dy iKlfPL amrIkf qoN mdd mMgI geI hovy.

          bIbI asmf jhFgIr pfiksqfnI suprIm kort dI bfr asosIeysLn dI pRDfn vI hY. ijs kimsLn dI kfiemI df bIbI asmf ivroD kr rhI sI Auh kimsLn hux bIbI asmf smyq amrIkI vpfrI mnsUr iejLfjL, sfbkf sPIr husyn hkfnI aqy afeI aYs afeI cIP jnrl sujLf pfsLf nMU pysL hox df hukm dyvygf. suprIm kort ny ies vfsqy cfr hPLqy df smF imiQaf hY. ‘styt ivd ien styt’ bfry kI krygf pfiksqfn? ieh iek vwzf svfl hY. pfiksqfn df BivK, dihsqvfd iKlfPL lVfeI aqy iKwqy df amn hux ies `qy hI inrBr krygf.

-blrfj idEl

hux qwk KLbrnfmf dI vYWb sfeIt nUM pfTk vyK cuwky hn

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