www.khabarnama.com  {Punjabi Newspaper Khabarnama Toronto} email: editor@khabarnama.com 


 

ਅਖ਼ਬਾਰ ਪੜ੍ਹਨ ਲਈ ਪੰਜਾਬੀ  ਫਾਂਟ ਇੱਥੋਂ ਡਾਊਂਨਲੋਡ ਕਰ

 

 

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BfeIcfry dy aks aqy BivK leI iPkrmMd lok!

          sMsfr dy globl ivlyjL bnx nfl hr BfeIcfrf, vrg aqy kOmIaq hjLfrF iklo mItr dUr vwsidaF hoieaF vI iek dUjy dy gvFz ivwc vwsdy pRqIq huMNdy hn. dysLF dIaF rfjsI srhwdF idno idn mnuwKI avfjfeI, ivcfrF  aqy jfxkfrI dy psfr vfsqy byasr huMdIaF jf rhIaF hn. ies dy keI kfrn hn ijhnF ivwc vpfr, pRspr inrBrqf, dUjy dI loV, nvIn qknIk aqy mnuwKI suBfa df ivkfs sLfml hn.

          ieh trYNz ieh vhfa hux rukx vflf nhIN hY, sgoN ieh idno idn hor vDyry qyjL hox vflf hY. ies vhfa awgy lwgIaF bMdsLF AuWqrfKMz dy phfVF vFg ruV jfxgIaF jo “ihmflIan sunfmI” awgy ryq dI kMD vFg Kur gey sn.

          ieh vI swc hY ik 9/11 aqy ies dy ipwCoN vfpry dihsLqgrd hmly nyVy af rhy sMsfr vfsqy bMDn bx gey hn aqy dihsLqgrdI ny srhwdI bMDnF dI Aumr ivwc vfDf kIqf hY. hr dysL dy aMdr vI Dfrimk kwtVvfd iek bMDn bx igaf hY ijs df asr mnuwKI smfj dy hr pihlU `qy ipaf hY. ajy vI sOVIaF Dfrimk BfvnfvF nMU ies ZMg nfl AuBfiraf jf irhf hY jo smfj aMdr pfVf vDfAux df kMm krdf hY.

          avfs, pRvfs aqy sMcfr dy vDx nfl kuJ ajyhy msly vI sfhmxy af rhy hn ijhnF df aDfr ‘glLqPihmI’ smiJaf jf skdf hY. ikbYwk ivwc ptkf bMn ky Puwtbfl Kyzx dy mfmly `qy ikMqU krn vflf mfmlf ies iksm df hI sI. ptkf bMn ky Puwtbfl Kyzx nfl nf iksy df koeI nuksfn ho skdf hY aqy nf hI iksy nMU koeI ijsmfnI jF ruhfnI swt vwjdI hY. afKr ieh mfmlf hwl kr ilaf igaf hY jo ik iek cMgI gwl hY. dUjy pfsy swt lwgx dy zr qoN hfrz hYWt pfAux df mfmlf ies qoN bhuq vwKrf hY ijs vfsqy mukMml Cot dI afs krnf shI nhIN hY. PfeItr jYWt pfielt, pulfV XfqrI aqy BfrI ieMnzstrI ivwc kMm krn vfilaF vfsqy hfrz hYwt jLrUrI hY.

          hvfeI XfqrIaF dI suwriKaf vfsqy loV pYx `qy mukMml qlfsLI  ijs nfl hr XfqrI dI surwiKaf XkInI bxfeI jf sky, jLrUrI hY. ies mfmly ivwc iksy Kfs vrg jF Drm nMU ‘blYNikt’ Cot dyxI jF mMgxI jfiejL nhIN hY aqy nf hI ies afs rwKI jfxI cfhIdI hY ik ajyhf hmysLf XkInI bxfieaf jf skdf hY. musilm aOrqF vfsqy pbilk ivwc burky dI vrqoN vI ajyhf mfmlf hY jo awj dy vkq, surwiKaf aqy sLnfKLq dy mfmly ivwc myc nhIN af skdf.

          buhvfd df sfhmxf awj sMsfr dy ivksq dysL vDyry kr rhy hn ikAuNik ieh hI dysL hn ijhnF vwl grIb dysLF dy lok DVf DV af rhy hn. sfry ivksq dysL jo iemIgrMtF vfsqy awj iKwc df kfrn bx rhy hn, Auh eIsfeI mwq dy pYrokfr hn. ieh vI mMnx vflI gwl hY ik ieh eIsfeI dysL iemIgrMtF nfl ZukvF vrqfE kr rhy hn, BFvyN kuJ vwzIaF musLklF bIqy ivwc afeIaF sn aqy kuJ hux vI af rhIaF hn. ies dy mukfbly pCVy dysLF ivwc avfsIaF, pRvfsIaF aqy gYr-DrmIaF nfl ivqkrf ikqy vwD hY.

          pwCmI dysLF dy smfj aqy kfnMUn  ZukvIN azjstmYNt kr rhy hn aqy smfj ivwc sihhoNd qy ieksurqf cfhuMdy hn. kYnyzf vwl vyKIey qF ipCly 3-4 dhfikaF ivwc bhuq cMgIaF qbdIlIaF hoeIaF hn. iehnF dysLF ivwc kuJ ajyhIaF rvfieqF hn jo iehnF dy eIsfeI ipCokV kfrn hn ijs qrF adflqF ivwc bfeIbl `qy shuM cuwkxf jF ahudy dI shuM bfeIbl `qy lYxf afid.

          bhuqy dysLF ivwc ies df bdl swjf hwQ cuwk ky shuM Kf lYxf jF dysL dy kfiedy kfnMUn (sMivDfn) dI shuM Kf lYxf mjUd hY. pr vyKx ivwc afieaf hY ik keI iemIgrMt ies ivcfr dy hn ik  Auh afpxy Dfrimk afkIdy muqfibk hI shuM cuwkxgy. ajyhf iek kys ipCly idnIN astrylIaf ivwc sfhmxy afieaf hY jd muslmfn Drm nfl sbMiDq 43 sflf eyd husyk ny mMqrI pwd dI shuM kurfn `qy cuwkI ijs dI kuJ lokF ny sKLq nukqfcInI kIqI hY. eyd husyk vloN ajyhf krnf gYr vfijb nhIN hY pr sr ies qoN ibnF vI skdf sI. ieMJ krn nfl Auh bhuq vDIaf muslmfn jF bhuq vDIaf mMqrI nhIN bx jfvygf, nbyVf qF krm nfl hovygf. jy kr hr Drm df ivakqI hr dysL ivwc hr QF shuM Kfx vfsqy afpxy Drm gRMQ dI mMg krn lwg jfvy qF bhuq musLkl bx jfvygI. ies ivcoN Drm gRMQF df siqkfr aqy mirXfdf dy bMDn Aupjxgy ijhnF dI pflxf krnI ibpqf bx jfvygI.

          iehI kfrn hY ik bhuq sfry pwCmI dysL pbilk QfvF aqy srkfrI kfrjF ivcoN Drm nMU mnPLI krn vfly pfsy cwl pey hn. jd pwCmI dysL ijhnF nMU BFq BFq dy iemIgrMt afpxf Gr bxf rhy hn, pbilk QfvF `coN Drm nMU (afpxy eIsfeI Drm smyq) bfhr kwZx dI gwl krdy hn qF keI iemIgrMt ies `qy ieqrfjL krdy hn ijvyN burky `qy pfbMdI aqy srkfrI skUlF ivwc Dfrimk icMnH pihnfx `qy pfbMdI dy mfmly ivwc ho irhf hY. hr iksy nMU afpxI mirXfdf isKr dI jfpdI hY.

          ies dy nfl hI Dfrimk kwtVqf dihsLqvfd nMU vI BVkf rhI hY aqy huxy vfprIaF kuJ GtnfvF vwl vyKIey qF keI lok Dfrimk kwtVvfd dy pRBfv hyT dihsLqpsMdI vwl pryrq ho rhy hn. bOstn ivwc mYrfQfn `qy hmlf, brqfnIaF ivwc iek POjI df kql, kYnyzf ivwc vIaf-ryl nMU qbfh krn dI sfijsL aqy hux bIsI ivwc ivDfn sBf nMU bMbF nfl qbfh krn dI sfijsL, ies vwD rhI bImfrI df aihsfs krn leI kfPLI hn.

          ishqmMd smfj Ausfrn vfsqy Dfrimk kwtVvfd nMU kfbU rwKxf bhuq jLrUrI hY aqy ajyhf krnf iksy Drm df ivroD nhIN hY. kuJ buDIjIvI aqy sMgTn ies iksm dIaF koisLsF kr rhy hn ijs dI sLlfGf krnI bxdI hY. sQfnk muslmfnF ivwc ajyhy do sMgTn hn “musilmjL PyisMg tUmfro” aqy “pRogrYisv musilmjL ienstIcUt kYnyzf” jo bhuq byvfkI nfl dihsLqvfd aqy kwtVvfd df ivroD kr rhy hn. vwK vwK BfeIcfiraF ivwc ajyhy keI hor sMgTn vI hoxgy jo afpxy BfeIcfry dy aks aqy BivK vfsqy icMquq ho ky kMm kr rhy hn. sLFqIpUrn sihhoNd, qrwkI aqy BfeIcfrk sFJ vDfAux vfsqy ajyhy sMgTnF aqy ivakqIaF dI sLlfGf krnI bxdI hY.

-blrfj idEl

 


mltIklcrliejLm iek bMDn bxdf jf irhf hY

          27 jUn kYnyzf ivwc mltIklcriejLm dy idn dy qOr `qy mnfieaf jFdf hY. 1971 ivwc ilbrl pRDfn mMqrI trUzo ny kYnyzf nMU mltIklcrl dysL GoisLq kIqf sI aqy ipwCoN iPr ies nMU cfrtr df ihwsf bxf ilaf igaf sI. knyzIan isafsqdfn mltIklcriejLm nMU votF btorn vfsqy iek ssqy hiQafr vjoN vrqdy af rhy hn. ieh iek ajyhf hiQafr hY ijs nMU knyzIan isafsdfn Cwzxf nhIN cfhuMxgy. jo aMdroN ies dy hwk ivwc nhIN vI hn Auh vI jMqk qOr `qy mltIklcriejLm dy gux gfAuNdy hn.

          TIk Esy qrF ijs qrF Bfrq ivwc  rIjLrvysLn iek aYsf bMDn bx igaf hY jo votF dI rfjnIqI Kyzx vfsqy jLrUrI hY. Auh isafsI afgU jo aMdroNN ies dy ivroDI hn Auh vI jMqk qOr `qy ies dy hmfieqI hn. pCVy vrgF dy keI afgU jo ieh smJdy hn ik rIjLrvysLn df “krImI lyar” hI lfB AuTf irhf hY, Auh vI ies ivwc qbdIlI dI gwl krn qoN zrdy hn. jmhUrIaq ivwc votF dI iKwc swB qoN vwzI iKwc huMdI hY.

          27 jUn nMU kYnyzf dy mltIklcrliejLm zya mOky ilbrl afgU jsitn trUzo brYNptn pDfry aqy AuhnF afpxy bfp svrgI pIar trUzo dy sohly gfey ijs ny ieh nIqI GVI sI. rMgdfr Gwt igxqI iPrikaF aqy iemIgrMtF df gVH brYNptn sLihr ajyhI vot nIqI vfsqy swB qoN vDIaf QF hY aqy jnfb jsitn trUzo ny ies df pUrf pUrf lfB ilaf. jsitn ny ies idn nMU kYnyzf dy bhuBFqI swiBafcfr nMU mnfAux df idn dwisaf jo swB sLihrIaF nMU brfbrqf pRdfn krdf hY.

          PYzrl pwDr `qy muK ivroDI pfrtI aYn zI pI ny vI ies idn dI mhfnqf aqy mhwqqf dwsx vfsqy iek stytmYNt jfrI kIqI aqy ies mfmly ivwc pihl kridaF jsitn nMU kuJ GMty ipwCy Cwz idwqf. pfrtI dI istIjnisLp aqy iemIgrysLn nukqfcIn bIbI jYnI ismjL ny iek stytmYNt jfrI kr ky ikhf ik kYnyzf sMsfr vfsqy Audfhrx bx igaf hY. bIbI ismjL ny ikhf ik awj asIN kYnyzf df mltIklcrliejLm zya mnf rhy hF. bIbI ny afpxI stytmYNt aMgryjLI aqy PrYNc ivwc jfrI kIqI jo kYnyzf dI do-BfsLf nIqI dI proVqf hY.

          kYnyzf dy iemIgrysLn mMqrI sRI jysn kynI vI ipwCy nhIN rhy aqy AuhnF ny vI mltIklcrliejLm zya mOky iek stytmYNt jfrI kIqI hY. AuhnF ny vI srkfrI nIqI muqfibk stytmYNt aMgryjLI aqy PrYNc ivwc jfrI kIqI hY aqy ajyhf krnf glq nhIN hY ikAuNik kOmI pwDr `qy dovF BfsLfvF nMU mfnqf idwqI geI hY. sRI kYnI ny ieh gwl jLor dy ky khI hY ik Auh dysL dy istIjnisLp, iemIgrysLn aqy mltIklcriejLm dy mMqrI hn aqy ies ijMmyvfrI nfl ivdysLF ivwc kYnyzf dI pRqIinDqf krn jFdy hn. AuhnF ieh vI Xfd krvfieaf hY ik ies sfl kYnyzf dy mltIklcriejLm kfnMUn dI 25vIN vryHgMz mnfeI jf rhI hY.

          AuNJ ieh gwl lukI CupI nhIN hY ik jnfb jYsn kYnI AuhnF lokF ivwc sLfml hn jo “aMny mltIklcriejLm” ivwc ivsLvfs nhIN rwKdy aqy ies nMU ‘nYsLnl ieMitgrysLn” vfsqy iek aVcx mMndy hn. AuhnF df ivBfg smJdf hY kYnyzf ivwc keI BfeIcfry hux vwKry vwKry vws rhy hn ijs kfrn kYnyzf dy aMdr keI imnI kYnyzf bxdy jf rhy hn. “rwb nyVy ik GsuMn” dy afKfx vFg kiQq mltIklcriejLm dy aOguxF nfloN votF dI loV ijLafdf njLdIk hY. GsuMn vFg votF df zr sfzy isafsqdfnF dI phuMc df pYmfnf bx igaf hY.

          mltIklcriejLm dI nIqI df swc ieh hY ik awj df mltIklcriejLm trUzo vflf mltIklcriejLm nhIN hY. sfbkf ilbrl mMqrI AuWjl dosFJ ny iek vfr ies nMU “tivstz mltIklcriejLm” afiKaf sI. pIar trUzo nMU pRDfn mMqrI vjoN jd ikbYWk ivwc AuBr rhy vwKvfd df sfhmxf krnf ipaf qF Aus ny kYnyzf dI bdl rhI nuhfr nMU mltIklcrl afK ky ikbYWk dy vwKvfdIaF df rfh rokx leI vriqaf sI jo kYnyzf nMU “do-rfsLtrI” (tU-nYsLn) afK ky PrYNc BfsLf aqy lokF nMU aMgryjLI BfsLf aqy aYNglo lokF qoN KLqrf dws rhy sn. trUzo smJdf sI ik kYnyzf iek bhuBFqI AubldI dyg (mYlitMg-pft) hY jo rlL ky iek sur huMdI jfvygI. awj ieh ieksur hox dI QF sMqry dIaF PfVIaF df rUp Dfrn krdI jf rhI hY.

          do ku mhIny pihlF torFto qoN inAUXfrk jfx vflI vIaf-ryl dI tryn nMU bMbF nfl Auzfey jfx dI sfijsL bynkfb kIqI geI hY aqy do sfijsLI PVy gey hn ijhnF `qy kys cwl irhf hY. iek sfjsLI ny knyzIan kfnMUn nMU ieh afK ky mMnx qoN ienkfr kr idwqf hY ik Auh bMdy dy bxfey kfnMUn nhIN mMndf, Auh qF rwb dy bxfey kfnMUn df pfbMd hY. Aus vfsqy rwb df bxfieaf kfnMUn kurfn hY aqy Auh kurfn dy kfnMUn nMU hI mMndf hY ijs kfrn Aus ny vkIl dIaF syvfvF lYx qoN vI ienkfr kr idwqf hY.  arb dysL dy ipCokV vflf ieh iemIgrMt kYnyzf df kfnMUn mMnx qoN ienkfrI hY. bhuqy arb dysLF ivwc iksy gYr-musilm Drm dI ikqfb lY jfx dI vI pfbMdI hY pr Auh sfzy `qy kurfn lfgU krnf cfhuMdf hY. ieslfm dy mfmly ivwc gwl pihrfvy, swiBafcfr aqy burkf pihnfx dI ajLfdI qoN vI awgy vwD cuwkI hY aqy hor iPrikaF dy mfmly ivwc vI vhf vwKrypn vwl nMU hI jf irhf hY aqy ‘knyzIaniejLm’ KLqry ivwc pYNdf jf irhf hY.

          keI knyzIan muslmfn nOjvfn Dfrimk kwtVfd vfsqy lVn  leI ivdysLF nMU jf rhy hn aqy dihsLqgrd sMgTnF df ihwsf bx rhy hn. Auh kYnyzf aqy dysL dy kOmI ihqF dy iKlfPL iksy sOVy Dfrimk ihq vfsqy lVn nMU qrjIh dy rhy hn. hom-gron tYroiejLm df KLqrf lgfqfr vD irhf hY. “torFto-18” kys vwl vyKIey qF kYnyzf dy jMmpl nOjvfn iksy hor dy sOVy ihwqF vfsqy kYnyzf df vwzf nuksfn krn aqy dysL dy pRDfn mMqrI df isr klm krn dI sfijLsL rcdy PVy gey sn.

          knyzIan qfiml dysL dy kfnMUn nMU qoV ky ilwty bfgIaF dI mdd kr rhy sn ijs nfl dunIaF dy dUjy pfsy KUn Krfbf ho irhf sI. 23 jUn 1985 nMU eyar ieMzIaf df jMbo jYWt 331 ivakqIaF smyq bMb nfl awD asmfny ies vfsqy qbfh kr idwqf igaf sI ikAuNik kuJ KfilsqfnI Bfrq qoN aprysLn blUa stfr df bdlf lYxf cfhuMdy sn.

          kiQq mltIkcrliejLm ieh Dfrnf vI prbl kr irhf hY ik kYnyzf nMU iemIgrysLn kfnMUn sKLq krn df koeI hwk nhIN hY ieh qF iemIgrMtF df dysL hY qy mltIkcrliejLm ies dI nIqI hY. isafsI afgU vI iemIgrysLn nIqI `qy votF syk rhy hn. aMnf mltIkcrliejLm kYnyzf vfsqy iek bMDn bxdf jf irhf hY ijs nMU kOVI vyl vFg vDx qoN roikaf jfxf cfhIdf hY.

-blrfj idEl

 


gRih XuwD `c sIrIaf dI brbfdI,

awg nfl Kyz rhy hn pwCmI dysL!

          sIrIaf ivwc do sfl qoN cwl rhy gRih XuwD ivwc 93,000 lok mfry jf cuwky hn aqy lwKF jLKLmI ho gey hn. sIrIaf dy 1[6 imlIan lok sIrIaf Cwz ky gvFZI dysLF ivwc sLrn lY cwuky hn aqy hr rojL hjLfrF Bwj rhy hn. jfrzn, lYbnfn, ierfk, qurkI aqy imsr `c sIrIan rPUjI kYNpF ivwc bYTy hn. aMqrrfsLtrI rfhq sMsQfvF vfsqy eyny rPUjIaF nMU sMBflxf musLkl ho irhf hY ijs vfsqy vwK vwK dysLF qoN mflI mdd mMgI jf rhI hY.

          sIrIaf dy aMdr eynI qbfhI ho cuwkI hY ik lokF df ijAuxf musLkl ho igaf hY. sIrIaf dy aMdr 6[8 imlIan lokF nMU ijLMdf rihx vfsqy mdd dI loV hY. ieMJ sIrIaf dI abfdI df qIjf ihwsf lok awq dI musLkl ivwc Psy hoey hn.

          jI-8 dysLF dI isKr vfrqf ivwc Bfg lYx gey pRDfn mMqrI sRI hfrpr ny sIrIaf dy pIVHq lokF vfsqy kYnyzf vloN $115 imlIan zflr dI rfhq mdd df aYlfn kIqf hY. ieh mdd Aus qoN ielfvf hY jo kYnyzf pihlF sIrIan rPUjIaF vfsqy dy cuwkf hY. ies nfl kYnyzf vwloN sfl 2012 qoN idwqI geI kul rkm $158[5 imlIan zflr ho geI hY. ieh rkm rfhq kfrjF vfsqy hY ijs nMU aMqrrfsKtrI rhq eyjMsIaF rfhIN Kricaf jfxf hY ijhnF ivwc rYWz krfs aqy rYWz krYjLMt sLfml hn.

sMXukq rfsLtr ny sMsfr qoN ajyhI mdd dI mMg kIqI sI aqy kYnyzf vloN mfnvI loVF vfsqy ajyhI rkm idwqy jfxf sLlfGfXog hY. ies nfl sIrIaf dy aMdr aqy bfhr pIVHq lokF dI kuJ mdd ho skygI. ieh vI cMgI gwl hY ik pRDfn mMqrI sRI hfrpr ny sIrIan ivdrohIaF nMU POjI mdd dyx qoN sMkoc kIqf hY, AuNJ BfvyN AuhnF df ierfdf ajyhf krn vflf jfpdf hY. jI-8 isKr vfrqf mOky rUs nMU Cwz ky bfkI 7 dysL sIrIaf ivwc iksy nf iksy iksm dy POjI dKLl df aDfr kfiem krnf cfhuMdy sn pr rUs dy pRDfn vlfdImIr puiqn ies mfmly ivwc aiVkf bx gey hn. puiqn vloN ivroD kIqy jfx kfrn jI-8 dysLF dy ajyhy mnsUby isry nhIN lwg sky ijs nfl sIrIan ivdrohIaF nMU POjI mdd idwqI jfxI sI.

          smiJaf jf irhf hY pwCmI dysL sIrIaf ivwc EhI kuJ krnf cfhuMdy hn jo AuhnF lIbIaf ivwc kIqf sI aqy lIbIan ivdrohI mumfr gdfPI df qKLqf pltx ivwc kfmXfb rhy sn.

          pwCmI dysL sIrIaf ivwc no-PlfeI jLon GoisLq krnf cfhuMdy hn qF ik ivdrohIaF nMU bsLfr al asd srkfr iKlfPL lVfeI ivwc sPLlqf iml sky aqy asd afpxI hvfeI POj dI vrqoN nf kr sky. pwCmI dysL ajyhf isvlIan lokF nMU asd dI hvfeI POj qoN bcfAux dy nfm `qy krnf cfhuMdy hn pr ies df asl mksd ivdrohIaF nMU bcfAuxf hY.

          pRDfn asd afpxy dysL dy lokF dI rfKI krn ivwc asPLl irhf hY aqy sIrIaf ivwc ivdysLI qfkqF pROksI-vfr lV rhIaF hn. ieh iksy qrF vI sIrIaf dy lokF dI ajLfdI jF jmhUrIaq dI kfiemI dI lVfeI nhIN hY. iek pfsy sfAUdI arb aqy suMnI muslmfn dysL hn ijhnF nMU pwCmI dysLF df smrQn hfsl hY aqy dUjy pfsy sLIaf muslmfn hn ijhnF nMU ierfn, ierfk aqy lYbnfn dy sLIaf guwt ihjLbuwlf df smrQn hfsl hY. rUs aqy cIn dwbvIN avfjL ivwc sLIaf iPrky aqy pRDfn asd dy ipwCy KVy hn.

          ierfk ny cyqfvnI idwqI hY ik sIrIan gRih XuwD smuwcy imzl-eIst iKwqy nMU lVfeI vwl Dwk irhf hY ijs nfl asiQrqf pYdf ho skdI hY. lYbnfn dy pRDfn ny ihjLbuwlf sMgTn nMU sIrIaf ivcoN afpxy lVfkU bfhr kwZx vfsqy ikhf hY. sIrIan ivdrohIaF nMU sfAUdI arb aqy hor suMnI dysLF qoN aQfh mflI aqy POjI mdd iml rhI hY aqy amrIkf smyq pwCmI dysL ieh jfxdy hn.

          pwCmI dysL ieh vI jfxdy hn ik sIrIan ivdrohIaF ivwc ieslfimk kwtVpMQIaF df bolbflf hY ijhnF df iswDf nfqf al-kfiedf nfl juVdf hY pr iksy aigafq kfrn Auh awKF mIc ky ieh Gfx vyKI jf rhy hn. hux qF amrIkf smyq keI pwCmI dysL ivdrohIaF dI mdd vfsqy iswDf dKLl dyx vfsqy vI iqafr hn ijhf ky AuhnF lIbIaf ivwc kIqf sI aqy ijs dy iswty iBafnk inkly sn. awj lIbIaf iek asiQr dysL bx cuwkf hY ijwQy ieslfimk kwtVpMQIaF d hwQ AuWqy ho igaf hY. awj lIbIaf ivwc amrIkf dy afpxy sPLrqI dPLqr vI surwiKaq nhIN hn.

          eysy qrF imsr ivwc POjI sLfsk hosnI mubfrk df qKLq qF plt idwqf igaf hY pr ieslfimk kwtVpMQI musilm brdrhuz qfkq ivwc af cuwkf hY ijs nMU kfbU ivwc rwKx vfsqy amrIkf awj iPkrmMd hY.

          amrIkf dy sfbkf rfsLtrpqI jfrj buwsL ny ierfk ivcoN qfnfsLfh sdfm husyn df qKLqf pltx dI hyN qF pugf leI pr ierfk dy lokF ny ies dI vwzI kImq adf kIqI hY aqy ajy vI kr rhy hn. awj qwk vI ierfk siQr nhIN ho sikaf aqy afey idn afqmGfqI hmly ho rhy hn.

          pwCmI dysL jfxy axjfxy  musilm dysLF ivwc suMnI ieslfimk kwtVpMQIaF df smrQn kr rhy hn ijs nfl musilm dysLF ivwc jmhUrIaq dI QF phIaf ipwCy nMU GuMm irhf hY. sIrIaf ivwc cwl irhf gRih XuwD hux KyqrI XuwD df rUp aKiqafr kr cwukf hY ijs ivwc gvFzI dysL idn bf idn iKcy jf rhy hn. pwCmI dysL ies nMU ierfn, ierfk, sIrIaf aqy lYbnfn dy sLIaf mulmfnF dy muhfjL dy rUp ivwc vyK rhy hn pr ieh Buwl rhy hn ik dUjy pfsy al kfiedf vrgf sMgTn BfrU ho irhf hY jo AuhnF dy afpxy ihq ivwc nhIN hY.

          lYbnfn dy sLIaf mlIsLIaf ihjLbuwlf dI mdd nfl bsLfr al asd dIaF POjF kuJ sLihrF ivcoN ivdrohIaF nMU KdyVn ivwc kfmXfb ho rhIaF hn ijs kfrn amrIkf dy BfeIvfl dysL icMquq hn.

          ies sLnIvfr nMU “PrYNzjL afPL sIrIaf” nfm hyT kuJ dysLF dy ivdysL mMqrIaF dI iek bYTk kqr ivwc ho rhI ijs ivwc ivdrohIaF dI mdd dIaF qrkIbF GVIaF jfxgIaF. ies gurwp ivwc amrIkf, PrFs, sfAUdI arb, qurkI, imsr aqy kqr sLfml hn.

          ieh qswlI vflI gwl hY ik ajy qwk kYnyzf ies iksm dy gurwp ivwc sLfml nhIN hY AuNJ BfvyN pRDfn mMqrI hfrpr sIrIaf dy mfmly ivwc amrIkf vflI bolI bol rhy hn. awj iksy qIjy bdl dI loV hY jo sIrIaf ivwc sLIaf aqy suMnI Psfd nMU rok ky, sfry lokF dy ihwqF dI rfKI nMU mwuK rwK ky hwl qlfsL kr sky. kYnyzf nMU sIrIaf ivwc gwlbfq rfhIN msly dy hwl vfsqy kOmFqrI XqnF df ihwsf bnxf cfhIdf hY aqy imwqr dysLF nMU ies pfsy pRyrq krnf cfhIdf hY.

-blrfj idEl

 


sUby nMU krjLfeI kr ky alivdf afK gey mgMtI!

          23 sfl aftvf sfAUQ hlky qoN ilbrl aYmpIpI aqy 9 sfl EntyrIE dy pRIMmIar rihx ipwCoN jnfb zfltn mgMtI ny ies hPLqy isafsq nMU alivdf afK idwqf hY. 23 sfl srgrm isafsq ivwc rihxf aqy 9 sfl kYnyzf dy swB qoN vwD abfdI vfly sUby df pRImIar rihxf koeI CotI pRfpqI nhIN hY. ies ivwc koeI sLwk nhIN hoxf cfhIdf ik jnfb zfltn mgMtI ny iehnF 23 sflF ivwc AuhI kuJ kIqf hovygf jo AuhnF nMU sUby aqy AuhnF dI prftI vfsqy shI lgdf hovygf. keI kMm ajyhy vI hoey hoxgy jo jnfb mgMtI dI phuMc qoN bfhr sn aqy keI aDUry vI rih gey hoxgy ijhnF nMU pUry krn df AuhnF nMU smF nhIN imilaf.

          hux jd jnfb mgMtI isafsq nMU alivdf afK gey hn qF AuhnF dIaF pRfpqIaF aqy kmjLorIaF df mulMkx vwK vwK mIzIaf adfiraF aqy buwDIjIvIaF vloN kIqf jf irhf hY. ies mfmly ivwc hr ivakqI aqy ivsLlysLk afpxf afpxf njLrIaf rwKdf hY.

          jnfb mgMtI dy dOr ivwc EntyrIE sUby ivwc Gwt igxqI BfeIcfiraF dI pwuC-pRqIq vDI hY ijs df muwK kfrn Gwt igxqI BfeIcfiraF dI igxqI df vDxf hY pr ieh vI shI hY ik jnfb mgMtI ny Gwt igxqI BfeIcfiraF nfl rfbqf bxfieaf aqy vDfieaf. AuNJ ieh vI shI hY ik AuhnF dI jgFH agr koeI hor pRImIar bxdf qF Aus nMU vI Gwt igxqI BfeIcfiraF dI vD rhI igxqI kfrn, votF lYx vfsqy ajyhf krnf hI pYxf sI. jnfb mgMtI dy dOr ivwc hI pihlf pMjfbI kYbint mMqrI jnfb hirMdr qwKr nMU bxfieaf igaf jo hmysLf mgMtI dy krIbI rhy hn.

          awj jd jnfb mgMtI isafsq nMU awlivdf afK gey hn qF EntyrIE dI qsvIr Auh nhIN hY ijs dy 9 sfl pihlF Auh pRIMmIar bxy sn. EntyrIE bhuq pwKF qoN bdl cuwkf hY aqy iek duKdfeI pwK ieh hY ik Auh EntyrIE nMU krjLfeI kr ky pbilk srivs XUnIanF dy rihmo-krm `qy Cwz gey hn. EntyrIE isr eynf krjLf cVH cuwkf hY ijs ivwcoN bfhr inklxf hux kdy afsfn nhIN hovygf. EntyrIE vfsIaF dIaF keI pusLqF aQfh krjLy dy ies Bfr hyT dwbIaF rihxgIaF.

          EntyrIE isr cVHy krjLy dIaF iksLqF adf krn vfsqy hI hr sfl qkrIbn $10[6 iblIan cfhIdf hY. sUby isr kul krjLf $281 iblIan qoN vD igaf hY, srkfrI kfrporysLnF df krjLf ies qoN ielfvf hY. mfhrF muqfibk sUbf df swB qoN vwD bjt ishq aqy ividaf `qy Krc huMdf hY. agr krjLy dI adfiegf df iek mMqrflf bxf idwqf jfvy qF Krcy muqfibk ieh qIjf vwzf mMqrflf bx jfvygf.

          ‘lybr-pIs’ dy nfm hyT jnfb mgMtI ny sUby df KLjLfnf pbilk sYktr XUnIanF nMU lutf idwqf hY. EntyrIE pbilk sYktr qnKfhF aqy BwiqaF ivwc dysL ivwc swB qoN mUhrI sUbf hY ijs ivwc pRqI srkfrI mulfjLm syvfvF dI adfiegI (afAUt-puwt) bhuq Gwt hY. mgMtI dy 9 sfl dy rfj ivwc ividaf sYktr dIaF qnKfhF ivwc 26% qoN vwD df vfDf hoieaf hY jd ik afm sLihrI musLkl nfl gujLfrf kr rhy hn. keI do qoN vwD jfbF kr ky prvfrF df gujLfrf clf rhy hn.

          sfl 2003 ivwc jd mgMtI ilbrlF ny sUby df isMGfsn sMBfilaf sI qF sflfnf bjt Gftf $5[6 iblIan sI jo awj aOsqn $11[9 dwisaf jf irhf hY. dysL dI afriQkqf df “ieMjn” smiJaf jFdf sUbf awj kMgfl (hYv-nft) sUbf bx igaf hY ijs nMU hux PYzrl mdd dI loV hY.

          awj sUbf pbilk sYktr XUnIanF dI rKyl bx ky rih igaf hY aqy nvIN ilbrl pRImIar kYQiln ivMn votF Kfiqr XUnIanF nMU KusL rwKx vfsqy mgMtI qoN vI do kdm awgy cwl rhI hY aqy afpxI Gwt igxqI srkfr nMU ijMLdf rwKx vfsqy aYnzIpI dIaF POhVIaF df shfrf lY rhI hY. aYnzIpI aqy ilbrlF ivckfr XUnIanF dIaF votF hfsl krn dI dOV lwgI hoeI hY ijs ivwc afm lokF aqy sUby dI afriQkqf dI durdsf ho rhI hY.

          jnfb mgMtI df rfjkfl vwzy GutfilaF df dOr igixaF jfvygf ijs ivwc eIhYlQ, aOrMj aYNbUlMs aqy gYs plFt Gutfly hoey hn ijhnF df kdy pUrf ihsfb nhIN idwqf igaf. mgMtI srkfr ny iehnF GutfilaF nMU sdf dbf ky rwKx dI koisLsL kIqI hY.

          sfl 2011 dIaF coxF qoN pihlF ijs ZMg nfl AusfrI aDIn imsIsfgf aqy Ekivwl dy do gYs pfvr plFt coxF ijwqx dI iewCf nfl rwd kIqy gey sn, Aus nfl sUby dy lokF nMU 585 imlIan zflr qoN  vwD df tIkf lwigaf hY, kuJ aMdfjLy qF ies dI rkm 900 imlIan qwk dwsdy hn. sUby dI ilbrl srkfr ny ajy qwk ies bfry pUrf swc dwsx dI koisLsL nhIN kIqI.

          2003 ivwc cuxy jfx qoN pihlF jnfb mgMtI ny tYks vfDf nf krn df vfadf kIqf sI jo qfkq ivwc afAux ipwCoN Jwt qoV idwqf. sUby dy lokF isr hYlQ tYks lgfieaf aqy aYcaYstI dy rUp ivwc tYksF dy Bfr ivwc hor vfDf kIqf. vfadf qoV ky tYksF ivwc kIqf vfDf vI sUby dy bjt nMU sMqulq nhIN rwK sikaf. tYks lgfE, Kuwlf Krco aqy votF KrIdo! dI nIqI dy DfrnI jnfb mgMtI qF cly gey hn pr sUby dy lok keI dhfky ies df KimafjLf Bugqdy rihxgy!

-blrfj idEl

 


mgMtI ilbrlF vloN srkfrI irkfrz nfl CyVCfV!

        ipClIaF subfeI coxF qoN aYn pihlF pRImIar zfltn mgMtI dI kmFz hyT ilbrl srkfr ny EntyrIE ivwc bx rhy (AusfrI aDIn)   do gYs pfvr plFt rwd kr idwqy sn. ilbrl srkfr df ieh PYslf inrol isafsq qoN pRyrq sI. Ekivl aqy imsIsfgf ivwc bx rhy iehnF gYs pfvr plFtF df hlky dy kuJ lok ivroD kr rhy sn aqy ilbrlF nMU votF Kus jfx df zr sI. iehnF do sLihrF dIaF kuJ sItF ijwqx vfsqy ilbrlF dy aMdrUnI srvyKx, AuhnF nMU pfvr plFt rwd krn vfsqy pRyrq kr rhy sn. afKr ieh mgMtI dI ilbrl srkfr hI sI ijs ny iehnF pfvr plFtF nMU Ausfry jfx dI pRvfngI aqy kMstrksLn kMntrYkt idwqy sn.

          coxF ivwc mgMtI ilbrl mjfrtI hfsl krn qoN iewk sIt hyT rih gey sn ijs kfrn ilbrlF dI Gwt igxqI srkfr hoNd ivwc afeI sI. rwd kIqy gey pfvr plFtF df mfmlf coxF ipwCoN iPr qUl PV igaf sI ikAuNik ilbrl ies dI kOst (Krcf) Cupf rhy sn jdik ivroDI pfrtIaF mukMml jfxkfrI jMqk krn dI mMg kr rhIaF sn. ajyhI hflq ivwc pRImIar mgMtI ksUqy Ps gey sn aqy AuhnF subfeI sMsd pRorog (bMd) kr ky ilbrl pfrtI dI lIzrI qoN asqIPLf dy idwqf sI. nvF ilbrl lIzr cunx dI doV sLurU hox aqy sMsd pRorog hox nfl ieh mfmlf kuJ smyN vfsqy TMzy bsqy ivwc pY igaf sI.

          kYQlIn ivMn dy ilbrl afgU cuxy jfx aqy pRImIar bx jfx ipwCoN ieh mfmlf iPr grmf igaf sI aqy hux BrpUr crcf df ivsLf bixaF hoieaf hY. rwd kIqy gey do gYs pfvr plFtf kfrn sUby dy lokF isr ikMny imlIan zflr df boJ ipaf? ilbrl srkfr ieh spsLt dwsx vfsqy iqafr nhIN hY ijs kfrn vwK vwK aMdfjLy lgfey jf rhy hn.  iek aMdfjLy muqfibk Krcf 500 imlIan zflr qoN 900 imlIan zflr qwk ho skdf hY. iek qfjLf aMdfjLy muqfibk Krcf 585 imlIan zflr dwisaf igaf hY.

          ilbrlF ny ies mfmly ivwc sfrf srkfrI irkfrz pbilk krn qoN vI pfsf vwtI rwiKaf hY aqy iksLqF ivwc irkfrz jMqk kIqf jFdf irhf hY. hux ieh gwl sfhmxy af geI hY ik mgMtI ilbrlF ny ies rIkfrz nfl CyVCfV kIqI hY. EntyrIE dy pRfeIvysI kimsLnr ny iek rport ivwc ikhf hY ik pRImIar mgMtI dy stfPL aqy aYnrjI mMqrI dy stfPL ny ies sbMDI bhuq sfry eImyl rIkfrz df sPfieaf kr idwqf sI. kimsLnr muqfibk eImyl rIkfrz nMU zIlIt kr dyxf sUby dy srkfrI rIkfrz rwKx dy kfnMUn dI AulMGxf hY.

          mfmly dI qPqIsL krn ipwCoN kimsLnr aYn kvokIan ny ikhf hY ik sInIar ilbrl stfPL ny ies mfmly ivwc ByjIaF aqy pRfpq kIqIaF geIaF eImylF zIlIt kr idwqIaF sn. iehnF eImlF df sbMD zfltn mgMtI dy cIP afPL stfPL nfl dwisaf jf irhf hY. aYnzIpI ny sLkfieq kIqI sI ik “PrIzm afPL ienPfrmysLn kfnMUn” hyT jo jfxkfrI AuhnF dy hwQ lwgI hY Aus ivwc mgMtI dy sInIar stfPL dIaF eImylF df rIkfrz nhIN hY. kimsLnr ny ikhf hY ik ieh mMnxf sMBv nhIN hY ik ajyhf rIkfrz KLqm krnf afm rUtIn df ihwsf sI jF qwQ lukfey jfx vfsqy kIqf igaf sI.

          kimsLnr aYn kvokIan ny mgMtI dy cIPL afPL stfPL zyivz lfivMgtn aqy aYnrjI mMqrI dy cIPL afP stfPL krYg mYklYinn df nfm lY ky ikhf hY AuhnF dy dPLqrF ny “afrkfeIv & rYkrzkIipMg aYkt”, PrIzm afP ienPrmysLn aYkt aqy protYksLn afPL pRfeIvysI aYkt dI AulMGxf kIqI hY. ijLkrXog hY ik ipCly sfl dy aMq `qy ilbrlF vloN jfxkfrI jMqk krn qoN ihckcfht ivKfAux kfrn sMsdI kfrvfeI Twp ho ky rih geI sI aqy srkfr iKlfPL sMsd dI iKlfPvrjI (kMtYNpt) dI kfrvfeI sLurU ho geI sI.

          kimsLnr dI qPLqIsL muqfibk jnvrI 2013 dOrfn vI sInIar ilbrl stfP mYbrF ny kYbint sYktrI qoN ajyhy irkfrz nMU pUrI qrF ibly lgfAux bfry puwiCaf sI. kimsLnr ny ies kfrvfeI `qy sKLq ierfjL kridaF icMqf jfhr kIqI hY. kimsLnr ny srkfrI irkfrz rwKx bfry nIqI `qy iPr njLrsfnI krn aqy stfPL nMU ies bfry trYinMg dyx dI isPLrsL vI kIqI hY.

          pRfeIvysI kimsLnr dI ies rport ipwCoN EntyrIE dI sMsd ivwc kfPLI rOlfrwpf ipaf hY aqy ivroDI iDr ny srkfr `qy qwQF nMU CupfAux dy dosL lgfey hn. pr srkfrI iDr `qy ies df koeI asr nhIN hoieaf nhIN jfpdf aqy srkfr ajy vI qwQF nMU CupfAux dI ijLMmyvfrI kbUlx qoN Bwj rhI hY.

          subfeI kMsrvtv pfrtI ny ies nMU “corI” dwisaf hY aqy ies dI qPLqIsL EpIpI dy hvfly krn dI mMg kIqI hY. KLbrF muqfibk sInIar stfPL ny kuJ eImyl rIkfrz zIlIt krn qoN pihlF afpxIaF ipMn zrfeIvF `qy cfhV ilaf sI. kMsrvtv pfrtI ny ies nMU corI df drjf idwqf hY ikAuNik ieh srkfrI irkfrz hY ijs nfl CyVCfV kIqI geI hY.

          pRImIar kYQlIn ivMn dI ilbrl srkfr nMU iehnF bykfiedgIaF dI pUrI ijLMmyvfrI kbUlxI cfhIdI hY aqy ies mfmly dI qPqIsL EpIpI dy hvfly kr dyxI cfhIdI hY qFik lokF sfhmxy aslIaq af sky.

-blrfj idEl

 


sfbkf zIjIpI pMjfb sLsLI kFq vloN icMqfjnk Kulfsy!

          pMjfb nsLIly pdfrQF dI vrqoN aqy smgilMg df kyNdr bxdf jf irhf hY. ieh smwisaf eynI vwzI bx geI hY ik pMjfb dy muwK mMqrI s: pRkfsL isMG bfdl ny zrwg smgilMg df mfmlf aPgfn rfsLtrpqI sRI hfimd krjLeI dy svfgqI BfsLx ivwc Kud AuTfieaf sI. sRI hfimd krjLeI do hPLqy pihlF jlMDr njLdIk jItI roz `qy siQq lvlI XUnvrstI ivwc afey sn aqy ies mOky Bfrq dy rfsLtrpqI sRI muKrjI vI hfjLr sn. zrwg smgilMg dy mfmly nMU eynI vwzI pwDr `qy AuTfAuxf jfhr krdf hY ik s: bfdl ies smwisaf nMU vwzI smwisaf smJdy hn. s: bfdl ies dy hwl vfsqy sRI hfimd krjLeI df sihXog cfhuMdy sn ikAuNik aPIm aqy ies qoN bxfeI jfx vflI hYroien df sroq aPLgfinsqfn hY ijQoN ieh pfiksqfn dy rsqy pMjfb nMU smgl kIqI jFdI hY. ies iksm dy nsLy dI KLpq pMjfb ivwc vD rhI hY aqy ies dI smgilMg pMjfb rfhINN dysL qy ivdysL nMU ho rhI hY.

          Bfrq aqy pfiksqfn bfrzr aqy ies dy afspfs dy ielfikaF ivwcoN hr hPLqy hI vwzI mfqrf ivwc zrwg PVI jf rhI hY. pfik qoN zrwgjL qoN ielfvf hiQafr aqy jfalI BfrqI krMsI vI Bfrq nMU smgl huMdI hY aqy ies mfmly ivwc pfik dI bdnfm KuPIaf eyjMsI afeIaYsafeI df rol sdf crcf ivwc irhf hY. jfxkfr sUqrF muqfibk afeIaYsafeI jfalI BfrqI krMsI awDI kImq `qy smglrF nMU vycdI hY. ies df mMqv BfrqI dI afrIQkqf nMU Zfh lgfAuxf aqy KuPIaf aprysLnF vfsqy DMn jutfAuxf hY.

          ies hPLqy pMjfb dy syvf-mukq zfierYktr jnrl sRI ÈÈI kfˆq ny icMqfjnk Kulfsy kridaF ikhf hY ik pMjfb ivwc zrwg smgilMg nfl keI isafsI afgUaF aqy puils aPsrF dy qfr juVy hoey hn. sfbkf zfierYktr jnrl sRI ÈÈI kfˆq nisLaF iKlfPL muihMm aqy jylF df pRbMD nfl juVy rhy hn ijs kfrn AuhnF kol awvl drjy dI jfxkfrI hY.  sRI sLsLI kFq sfl ku pihlF rItfier hox ipCoN pMjfb aqy idwlI `c KuÌIaf ivBfg dy cotI dy aÌsr vjoˆ kMm kr cuwky hn. sUqrF muqfibk jo gwl Auh syvf dOrfn nhIN sI kr skdy, Auh AuhnF syvf mukq hox ipwCoN Kwul ky afK idwqI hY.

          syvf-mukq zfierYktr jnrl sRI ÈÈI kfˆq muqfibk pMjfb aMdr nfrko pflyitks (niÈafˆ dI isafsq) df afrMB ho cuwkf hY. AuhnF muqfibk dihsLqgrdI dy dOr ivwc pfiksqfn qoˆ hiQafrfˆ dy nfl nÈIly pdfrQ pMjfb nMU smgl hoxy sLurU hoey sn aqy ies ivwc dihsLqgrd sMgTn kMm kr rhy sn jo hiQafr rwK lYNdy sn aqy zrwgjL afkfvF vloN dwsy QFvF `qy Byj idMdy sn. dihsLqgrdI dy KLqm ho jfx ipwCoN pfiksqfn bYTy dihsLqgrdF aqy pMjfb ivwc pYdf hoey smglrF ny zrwg smgilMg df DMdf sLurU kr idwqf. mOkf vyK ky isafsI afgU ies ivwc sLfml ho gey aqy smglrF dI pusLq-pnfhI krn lwg pey. AuhnF muqfibk awj pMjfb ivwc “nfrko pflyitks” ho rhI hY.

          AuhnF ieh vI afiKaf hY ik Qfxf muKI qoˆ aYspI[ rYˆk dy aiDkfrI qwk kfPI igxqI ivc zrwg smgilMg `c sLfml hn pr koeI AuWc aÌsr ies kMm `c Èfiml nhIN hY| ieh bhuq hI sMgIn dosL hn aqy iek aflHF drjy dy sfbkf puils aPLsr vloN lgfey gey hn ijs dI phuMc awq-KuPIaf jfxkfrI qwk sI.

          AuhnF ieh dosL vI lgfieaf hY ik srhwdI ryˆj aqy jlMDr ryˆj dy bhuq sfry puils aiDkfrI jfiedfd dy DMdy ivc pey hoey hn| AuhnF muqfibk keI aÌsr qfˆ aÌsr Gwt hn qy pRfprtI zIlr vD bxy hoey hn| ajIq jlMDr aKLbfr dI iek rport muqfibk AuhnF awgy ikhf hY ik pRfprtI zIlrfˆ aqy aijhy aiDkfrIafˆ dy nfpfk gTjoV vwloˆ pRvfsI pMjfbIafˆ dIafˆ jfiedfdfˆ Auwpr vI kbËy kIqy jfˆdy hn qy keI JgVy vflIafˆ mihMgIafˆ jfiedfdfˆ Auwpr awK rwKI jfˆdI hY| AuhnF df ieh Kulfsf pRvfsIaF dy iehnF KdisLaF dI hfmI Brdf hY ik pMjfb ivwc AuhnF dI jfiedfdF surwiKaq nhIN hn aqy jfieddI kysF ivwc AulJ jfx dI sUrq ivwc AuhnF nMU iensfPL dI afs bhuq Gwt hY.

          iek hor aihm Éulfsf kridaF sRI sLsLI kFq ny ikhf hY ik pMjfb aMdr vwzy Pfrm hfAUsfˆ `c huMdIafˆ ryv pfrtIafˆ ivc nÈIly pdfrQfˆ df syvn afm huMdf hY aqy ienHfˆ pfrtIafˆ ivc vwzy Grfˆ dy kfky, kfkIafˆ qy hor lok Èfiml huMdy hn|

          AuhnF ieh vI Kulfsf kIqf hY ik zrwg smgilMg jMmU-ksLmIr, nypfl, qrfeI, ibhfr, brmf aqy bMglfdysL rfhIN vI ho rhI hY.  AuhnF ieh vI ikhf hY ik pfiksqfn qoˆ srhwd rfhIˆ nÈIly pdfrQ byrok-tok afAuˆdy hn. AuhnF ipCly smyˆ `c aMimRqsr, iPlOr qy iProËpur `c PVy gey lokfˆ dI isafsqdfnfˆ vwloˆ puÈq-pnfhI kIqy jfx dy vI dosL lgfey hn aqy ieh vI Kulfsf kIqf hY ik puils dI imlI Bugq nfl pitaflf iËlHy `c suqrfxf aqy iProËpur `c sRIgMgfngr qoˆ afAuˆdy niÈafˆ dy Bry trwk hI iswDy lMGf idwqy jfˆdy hn.

          zI[ jI[ pI[ (jylHfˆ) rhy sRI sLsLI kFq ny pMjfb dIaF jylF ivwc nisLaF dI smgilMg aqy Kpq bfry vI Kulsf kIqf hY. AuhnF muqfibk pMjfb dIaF jylHfˆ ivc niÈafˆ dI bhuq Kpq hY aqy ieh bVI vwzI smwisaf hY. AuhnF kpUrQlf jylL ivwc hoeI gVbV ivwc vI nisLaF dy rol nMU kbUlidaF ikhf hY ik nsLy ivwc Duq kYdI moiZafˆ `qy awg lwgy gYs islMzr cuwkI iPrdy sn.

          jo kuJ sRI sLsLI kFq ny ikhf hY Auh pihlF vI crcf ivwc sI aqy lokF ivwc smglrF, isasqdfnF aqy aPLsrF dI imlIBugq dy crcy sn. iek aflfH drjy dy sfbkf puils aPLsr vloN hOslf kr ky jo kuJ afiKaf igaf hY Aus nfl lokF dy KdisLaF `qy mohr lwg geI hY.

          nuksfn bhuq ho cuwkf hY aqy ho irhf hY. hux gwl afeI-geI krn df vkq nhIN hY. pMjfb srkfr dI ieh ijLMmyvfrI bxdI hY ik iehnF KulfisaF aqy dosLF nMU sMjIdgI nfl lvy aqy ies dI jMqk jF aMdrUnI qPLqIsL krvfey ijs df mksd qurq qy ZukvIN kfrvfeI krnI hovy qF ik pMjfb nMU mOq dy mUMh ivwc pYx qoN bcfieaf jfvy.

-blrfj idEl

 


plUtokrytF ivwc iGrI zYmokrysI

zYmokrysI Bfv lokqMqr jF lokrfj srkfrF cuxn df dunIaf ivwc swB qoN bihqrIn qrIkf smiJaf jFdf hY jo ik lokF vfsqy huMdIaF hn, lokF dIaF huMdIaF hY aqy lokF duafrf cuxIaF hoeIaF huMdIaF hn. lyikn awj df lokqMqr ikqfbF ivwc idwqIaF lokqMqr dIaF pRIBfsLfvF nfloN iblkul vwKrf hY aqy CpIaF pRIBfsLfvF ivwc hI guafc ky rih igaf hY. awj dy lokqMqr ivwc srkfrF lokF vwlo qF cuxIaF jFdIaF hn pr cuxIaF plUtokrysI (DnfZ qMqr) dy isstm aDIn hn. awj dy lokqMqr ivwc ijs kol pYsf hY jF ijs nUM pYsy vfilaF dI mdd hY qF AuhI nyqf rfj gwdI `qy bYTygf qy iPr lokF dI cuxI hoeI srkfr pYsy vfilaF nUM srkfrI gwdIaF bKsLygI, iehI awj dy lokqqMrI qIrky nfl cuxy hoey nyqfvF dI sB qoN vwzI ijMmyvfrI bxI hoeI hY. grIbI nfl jUJdy lokqMqrk dysLF nUM Cwz ky agr pwCmI dysLF jf XUrp vwl ingfh mfrIey qF zYmokrysI aqy plUtokrysI df afips ivwc bVf gUVf irsLqf idKfeI idMdf hY. jy bfkI dysLF nUM CWz vI dyeIey qF isrP amrIkf dI gwl krIey qF iehI vrqfrf AuWQy vI cwl irhf sI aqy agFh vI cwlI jFdf hY ijs dI Audfhrx amrIkf dy pRDfn Ebfmf vwloN kIqI qfjLf inXukqI ivwc sOiKaF hI iml jFdI hY. ieh iek iekwlI inXukqI nhIN ijs nUM plUtokrysI dI pRIBfsLf ivwc ilaFdf jf skdf hY sgoN ies qoN pihlF vI bhuq sfrIaF inXukqIaF Ebfmf pRsLfsLn vwlo kIqIaF geIaF sn ijnHF rfhIN keI aihm mihkimaF dy ‘cODrI’ amIrF nUM hI lfieaf igaf sI. Ebfmf pRsLfsLn ny  huxy ijhy 6 meI nUM iewk nvIN inXukqI kIqI hY ijs anusfr bIbI pYnI pirtjLkr nUM kfmrs dI sYktrI lfieaf igaf hY Bfv vpfr mMqrflf sONipaf hY jo ik Kuwd kroVF dI mflkn hY ijs dIaF byigxq kMpnIaF amrIkf aqy amrIkf qoN bfhr aqy ieMnf kfrobfr hY ik Aus nUM Kud vI nhIN pqf. Auh dunIaf dy pihly 600 amIr ivakqIaF dI sLrYxI ivwc afAuNdI hY. ieh AuhI pYnI pirtjLkr hY ijs ny 2008 dIaF rfsLtrpqI dIaF coxF ivwc Ebfmf leI vwzI PMz ryjL kMpyn kIqI sI qy imlIan zflr iewkTy kIqy sn ijs dy afsry Ebfmf vfeIt hfAUs dIaF pOVIaF cVH igaf sI. hux Ebfmf Aus df ‘krjL’ moVnf cfhuMdf sI pr moVy qf moVy iks qrHf. ies ivwc koeI sLwk nhI rfjnIqI ivwc vPfdfrI aqy Brosy nUM vwzf ienfm imldf hY ijs qrF hux pRDfn Ebfmf vwloN bIbI pYnI nUM idwqf igaf hY. jy Ebfmf dI ies inXukqI nUM kuwJ smyN leI pfsy rwK idwqf jfvy qF kYnyzf dy pRDfn mMqrI sRI stIvn hfrpr ny ipClIaF do coxF ivwc torI pfrtI nfl pUrI vPfdfrI inBfAux vfly sI tI vI dy pRiswD jrnilst mfeIk zPI nUM sYnytr inXukq kIqf sI jo ik hux Krcf skYNzl ivwc Ps igaf hY aqy Aus nUM asqIPf vI dyxf ipaf hY. asqIPf dyx nfl vI mfeIk dI jfn suKflI nhIN hoeI aqy pRDfn mMqrI stIvn hfrpr nUM mIzIyey sfhmxy af ky ieh kihxf ipaf ik afpxf inwjI Pfiedf socx jF lYx vfilaf leI torI pfrtI ivwc koeI QF nhIN hY. stIvn hfrpr ny ieh vI ikhf ik jo skYNzl sYnyt ivwc cwl irhf sI ies dI Aus nUM Auwkf hI iBxk nhIN sI peI. mfeIk zwPLI ny torI srkfr nfl sMbMDq do hor aihm ivakqIaF nUUM vI lpyt ivwc lY ilaf sI. mfeIk zwPI dI sYnytr vjoN inXukqI krnI vI gwl vPfdfrIaF inBfAux dI hI sI. iehI vPydfrIaF inBfAux df vrqfrf ilbrl srkfr mOky vI cwldf irhf sI. gwl Ebfmf vwloN afpxI vPLfdfrI inBfAuNidaF kIqI inXukqI dI kIqI jf rhI sI. Ebfmf pYnI nUM ipCly do dhfikaF qoN cMgI qrHF jfxdf sI ijs df pRIvfrk vpfr ‘hfieq’ jF ‘hYieq’ hotlF df hY ijs df sfrI dunIaF ivwc jfl iviCaf hoieaf hY. ieh AuhI bIbI pYnI hY jo ik bYNk vI clfAuNdI sI ijs ny ‘hfeI pRfeIm’ ivafjL vflf krjfL isstm amrIkf ivwc cflU kIqf sI aqy bfad ivwc dUsrIaF bYNkF ny vI bIbI pYnI dI bYNk vflf rsqf apxf ilaf ijs df nqIjf amrIkf dI GrF dI mfrkIt izwgx nfl sfhmxy afieaf sI jo ik iksy qoN luwikaf iCipaf hoieaf nhIN hY. jdoN hornf bYNkF nfl bIbI dI bYNk PylH hoeI qF Aus ivwc lokF df ibnf ieMsLorYNs qoN ipaf sfrf pYsf CU-mMqr ho igaf sI. pr bIbI df afpxf pYsf amrIkf dI iksy vI bYNk ivwc nhIN sI, sfrf pYsf lokF df sI jo AuWz pwuz igaf sI pr bIbI ny afpxf sfrf pYsf hor mulkF dIaF surwiKaq bYNkF ivwc sFB ky rwiKaf hoieaf hY. bIbI ny 2008 qoN hI iews afhudy dI afs hI nhIN rwKI hoeI sI blik afpxf hwk vI smiJaf hoieaf sI. Aus idn qoN hI Aus ny afpxI sMpqI nUM afpxy prIvfrk mYNbrF ivwc vMzx aqy afpxI sMpqI nUM lukvyN qrIky nfl sMBflxf sLurU kr idwqf sI. bIbI pYnI ny ‘aYnron kMpnI’ qrIky afpxf ky DMn iekwTf qF kIqf hI sI aqy tYks bcfAux leI keI koJy hwQ kMzy vI vrqy sn aqy tYks bcfAux leI amrIkf qoN bfhr bxfieaf pYsf amrIkf ivwc ilaFdf hI nhIN sI. pr ieh sB kuJ jfxidaF hoieaF vI Ebfmf pRsfsLn ny bIbI pYnI nUM iek bhuq aihm mihkmy dI mMqrI lf idwqf hY ijs qoN ieh pRBfv imldf hY ik zYmokrysI ivwc plUtokrysI GtdI nhIN sgoN vDI jf rhI hY aqy ijs dIaF jVF rIprblIkn pfrtI ivwc hI nhIN blik Ebfmf dI zYmotyritk pfrtI ivwc vI zUMGIaF lwgIaF hoeIaF hn. ieQy kihxf bxdf hY ik grIb mulkF ivwc zYmokrysI hiQafrF jF‘zMzfqMqr’ ny GyrI hoeI hY aqy amIr mulkF ivwc zYmokrysI plUtokrytF (DnfZF) ny GyrI hoeI hY ijs qoN Cutkfrf pfAux dI loV hY. amrIkf dy 16vyN rfsLtrpqI iebrfiem ilkMn dI lokqMqr vfry ‘lokF dI, lokF duafrf aqy lokF vfsqy’ idwqI pRIBfsLf nUM awj dy amrIkf dy rfLstrpqI Emfbf vI mUloN ivsfr cwuky idKfeI idMdy hn.

-prmjIq sMDU

 


srkfr dy Kqrnfk sMkyq: awK lokF dIaF bYNk bcqF `qy

 

jdoN qoN mMdvfVy ny pYr psfry hn qF srkfrF aqy kMpnIaF kol pYsy (kYsL) dI Gft af rhI hY. Kfs kr XUrpIn aqy pwCmI dysFL dI qF ies mMMdvfVy ny qih lf ky rwK idwqI hY aqy hux Bfrq qy cIn dI afrQkqf vI KVoq vwl jf rhI hY. bysLk hux amrIkf dI afrQkqf vfDy vwl  qurn dy kuJ sMkyq iml rhy hn pr ieh vfDf koeI pOVI-dr vfDf nhIN ikhf jf skdf. amrIkf dI ijhVI afrQkqf ipCly kuJ sflF qoN rINgdI rINgdI cwlI jf rhI hY Aus df kfrn hiQafr splfeI krn vflIaF PYktrIaF ivwc kMm df Bfr vDxf hY. XUrp ivwc grIs, purqgfl vrgy keI dysL hn jo ik aMqrrfsLtrI sMsQfvF vwloN idwqy jf rhy krjLy dy isr `qy hI zMg tpf rhy hn. keI dysLF dy isr ieMnf krjLf cVH igaf hY ik srkfrF nUM dysL bcfAux leI hor krjLf imlxf musLkl ho igaf hY. XUrp df dysL sfeIprws vI aijhf hI mulk hY ijs nUM XUrpIn XUnIan aqy afeI aYm aYWP qoN hor krjLf lYx leI afpxIaF ivqI aqy bYNk nIqIaF ivwc vwzIaF qbdIlIaF krnIaF peIaF sn. grIs aqy sfeIprws dono hI iek qrHF nfl vYlPyar styt sn aqy ijnHF lokF nUM aYnIaF shUlqF idwqIaF hoeIaF sn ik lok kMm nfloN ivhly rihx nUM qrjIh idMdy sn aqy srkfrI KjLfny `qy Bfr bxy hoey sn. jdoN grIs dI srkfr ny hor krjLf cwukx dIaF sLrqF purIaF krn leI aijhIaF idwqIaF jfx vflIaF irafieqF nUM bMd krn df aYlfn kIqf qF sfry dysL ivwc gVbVI PYl geI sI aqy lok srkfr dy ivrwuD sVkF `qy Auqr afey sn pr srkfr nUM lokF dy ivdroh dy bfvjUd sKq kdm cukxy hI pey sn. ies pRkfr hI sfeIprws ivwc hoieaf sI. dysL nUM cldf rwKx leI sfeIprws dI srkfr ny XUrpIan XUnIan aqy afeI aYWm aYWP dIaF sKq sLrqF mMMn leIaF sn. sfeIprws ny sLrqF mMnIaF nhIN sn, mMnx leI mjLbUr kr idwqf sI ikAuNik AunHF kol koeI cfrf hI nhIN sI jF qF sfeIprws bYNkrpts ho jFdf jF iPr sKq sLrqF mMndf. AunHF sLrqF ivwc irafieqF nUM Gwt jF bMd krn dy nfl nfl iewk sLrq ieh vI sI ik sfeIprws dIaF bYNkF ivwc lokF df ipaf pYsf srkfr aqy bYNk dysL nUM cwldf rwKx aqy afrQkqf nUM bVfvf dyx leI vrq skdy hn. lokF ny KUb rolLf pfieaf BMnqoV hoeI pr jrmnI smyq bfkI XUrpIn dysLF ny sfeIprws dy nyqfvF nUM ‘hF jF nF’ krn dI hI gwl afKI sI aqy ivwc ivcfly vflI gwl mMnx nUM iqafr nhIN sn. srkfr dy ies PYsly nfl lokF dy bYNkF ivwc pey pYsy nUM sIl kr idwqf aqy lokF `qy pYsy kZfAux dI  hwd `qy pfbMdI lf idwqI qF ik bYNk afpxI mrjLI nfl lokF df pYsf vrq skx. lokF dy roh kfrn iPr qbdIlI krky iewk lwK XUro qwk Cot dy idwqI geI sI. ijnHF df iewk lwK qoN vwD df pYsf bYNkF ivwc jmF sI AnHF dI 40% jmf rfsLI bYNkF ny afpxy kol rwK leI ijs `qy ivafjL dyx df vfadf kIqf igaf sI aqy ijs `qy BivwK ivwc hoieaf nuksfn vI jmf rfsLI vfilaF nUM hI Jlxf pYxf hY aqy 22[5% jmF rfsLI BivwK ivwc vrqx leI lokF nUM bYNkF leI CwzxI peI sI ijs ivwcoN kuJ vI vfips nhIN sI muVnf aqy bfkI bcdy 37[5% nUM bYNkF ny ‘iekUietI’ ivwc bdl ilaf sI. iewk qrHF nfl lokF nUM kuJ vI vfips nhIN sI muVnf ikAuNik sfeIprws dIaf bYNkF dI hflq suDrn vflI nhIN hY. ies nfl sfeIprws dIaF bYNkF df qF bcf ho igaf aqy dysL bYNkrpt hoxo bc igaf pr lokF dI bcq KfiqaF ivwc peI kmfeI bYNkF ny vrq leI sI.

          ‘kI aijhf kYnyzf ivwc vI ho skdf hY?’ AudoN ies gwl dI bVI crcf cwlI sI. sfeIprws ivwc ijhVf ‘byl-ien’ qrIkf vriqaf igaf ies qrIky nUM asl ivwc kYnyzf ivwc hI bxfieaf Bfv ‘izjLfien’ kIqf igaf sI pr sI kuJ vwKry ZMg nfl sB qoN pihlF iewh qrIkf sfeIprws ivwc vrq ilaf igaf sI. ieh qrIkf AudoN izjLfien kIqf igaf sI jdoN amrIkf ivwc ‘krYizt krfeIss’ Bfv krjLf sMkt afieaf sI qF srkfr vwloN bYNkF nUM byl-afAUt kIqf igaf sI. kYnyzf dI srkfr aqy arQsLfsqrI byl-afAUt qrIky nfloN iksy hor qrIky dI Bfl ivwc sn qF ik srkfrF nUM byl-afAUt leI pYsf nf dyxf pey qF AunHf  ny  ‘byl-ieMn’ df qrIkf izjfLien kr ilaf sI.  ‘byl –afAUUt’ aqy byl-ieMn ivwc Prk isrPL ieMnf hI hY ik ‘byl afAUt’ rfhIN PylH ho rhIaF bYNkF nUM bfhroN pYsf dy ky bcfieaf jFdf hY aqy ‘byl-ieMn’ ivwc bYNk nUM bYNkF dy aMdroN hI pYsf vrq ky bcfAux df qrIkf hY ijs qrHf sfeIprws ivwc hoieaf sI aqy srkfr nUM ies bdly hor krjLf iml igaf sI. jdoN EDr sfeIprws ivwc ieh zrfmf cwl irhf sI qF sfzI srkfr afpxf bjt bxfAux ivwc rwuJI hoeI sI jd mfrc ivwc bjt sfhmxy afieaf qF srkfr ny bjt ivwc ‘ieknfimk aYksLn plYn-2013’ dI nIqI qihq bYNk ‘byl-ieMn’ dI mwd pf idwqI ijs `qy bhuqy lokF df iDafn hI nf igaf aqy nf hI iksy ivroDI pfrtI ny vI ieh muwdf cMgI qrHF sdn ivwc AuTfieaf. ho skdf hY ik ivroDI pfrtIaF ivwcoN ies nfl sihmq hox. 442 siPLaF dy bjt dy sPf nMbr 145 ivwc ies sMbDI spsLt jfxkfrI idwqI geI hY aqy bjt dI BfsLf ivwc ieh spsLt kIqf igaf hY ik agr kYnyzf dIaF ‘Kfs bYNkF’ PylH hox iknfry phuMc jFdIaF hn qF bYNkF nUM ‘byl-ieMn’ kIqf jf skdf hY. jdoN ies vfry kYnyzf dy ivwq mMqrI ijMMm PlfhrtI nUM puwiCaf igaf sI qF Aus ny ikhf ik lokF df pYsf bYNkf nUM bcfAux leI nhIN vriqaf jfvygf aqy Aus ny ies qoN vwD hor koeI jfxkfrI nhIN idwqI aqy ies pRkfr dI hI bolI kYnyzf bYNk dy pRDfn mfrk kfrnI ny bolI sI ik ivwq mMqrI ny pihlF hI sLpsLt kr idwqf hY aqy bfkI gwlF df kfrnI golmol jvfb dy igaf sI jo ik julfeI ivwc ieh afhudf Cwz irhf hY. ies muwdy nUM gMBIr rUp ivwc lYx vfly afrQk mfhrF df kihxf hY ik agr lokF df pYsf bYNk nhIN vrq skdy qF iPr aijhf kfnUMn bxfAux dI kI loV sI. ies vfry koeI vI kuJ vI kihx nUM iqafr nhIN hY. ivwq mMqrI df kihxf hY ik ivwqI sMkt ivwc loV pYx qy bYNkF vwloN afpxf ‘rIjsrv PMz’ vrqx leI ieh mwd rwKI geI hY . pr agr bYNkF ny sMkt kfl leI afpxy kol rwKI rfsLI hI vrqxI sI qF bjt ivwc ieh kfnUMn  bxfAuux dI kI loV sI Auh qF ibnF kfnUMn qo vI afpxI rfsLI vrq skdy sn.

          pr hux bYNk afPL mFtrIafl dy aYnfilst jfhn rUkYjLl ny ieh kih ik iek vfrI iPr ies dwby muwdy nUM AuBfr idwqf hY ik agr sI aYWm aYc sI Kuwd Pyl ho jFdI hY qF bYNkF nUM afpxf pYsf AugrfAux leI ‘bYNk-byl-ieMn’ dI loV pY skdI hY. jd ienHF sqrF dy lyKk ny kYlgrI skUl afPL ibjnYs dy iewk arQsLfsqrI nUM ies vfry puwiCaf qF Aus df juvfb sI ik hF srkfr bYNkF nUM ivqI Kqry ivwc pYx qoN bcfAux leI nvIN nIqIaF GV rhI hY ijnHF ivwc byl-ieMn iewk aihm nIqI hY. kYnyzf dIaF 6 vwzIaF bYNkF ny 960 iblIan zflr df krjLf idwqf hoieaf hY aqy ijs ivwcoN kYnyzf mfrgyj aYNz hfAUisMg kfrporysLn Bfv ‘sI aYWm aYWc sI’ ny 560 iblIan zflr (qkrIbn 62%) dI mfrgyj dI ieMsorYNs kIqI hoeI hY agr hfAUisMg mfrkIt izwg pYNdI hY aqy lokF dIaF nOkrIaF Kwus jFdIaF hn aqy aijhI siQqI ivwc lok mfrgyj dyx qoN asmrQ ho jFdy hn qy Gr Cwz ky Bwj jFdy hn ijvyN amrIkf ivwc hoieaf sI qF bYNkF ny sI aYWm aYWc sI qoN afpxf pYsf vsUlxf hY. ijLafdf lokF dy bYNkrwpt hox kfrn agr sI aYm aYWc sI Kuwd izwg pYNdI hY qF bYNkF kol bjt dI Dfrf ‘byl-ieMn’ rfhIN ieh hwk hovygf ik bYNk afpxf ibjnYs cldf rwKx leI lokF df pYsf vrq skx. hux svfl ieh hY ik agr aijhI siQqI pYdf ho jFdI hY qF bYNk lokF df ikMnf pYsf vrq skdy hn. kYnyzf ivwc ijMnIaF vI vwzIaF bYNkF hn AunHF dI sI afeI zI sI (kYnyzf izpfjLt ieMsorYNs kfrporysLn) vwloN iek lwK zflr pRqI akfAUNt ieMsoLrYNs hoeI huMdI hY ijs df bYNk ieMsoLrYNs pRImIam idMdy hn pr sI afeI zI sI PYzrl srkfr dI ‘krfAUn kfrporysLn’ hY aqy Aus dI nIqI bYNkF dy ‘sihXog’ nfl kdI vI srkfr bdl skdI hY pr awj dI GVI lokF df bYNkF ivc ipaf iewk lwK zflr pRqI Kfqf surwiKaq smiJaf jf skdf hY. bYNkF Kfs krky imsLrq afrQkqf ivwc dysL dI rIV dI hwzI huMdIaF hn qF hI qF srkfr bYNkF nUM bcfAux dI leI pUrI itwl lfAuNdIaF hn. vYsy qF kYnyzf dy bYNkF dI hflq kfPLI mjLbUq hY pr kl nUM kI hovygf jF kI ho skdf hY ies pRqI lokF nUM hux qoN hI jfgrUk hoky clxf pvygf ik srkfr ny bjt ivwc bVy Kqrnfk sMkyq hn aqy srkfr dI awK lokF dIaF bYNk bcqF `qy hY aqy lokF ny bYNkF ivwc peIaF afpxIaF bcqF nUM bYNkF qoN ikvyN bcf ky rKxf hY.

-prmjIq sMDU


ieMsLorYNs rytF aqy zfvFzol ho rhI afrQkqf vfry aYn zI pI aqy ilbrlF df isafsI sLoa mYc

    EntyrIE df aYn zI pI dIaF irafieqF nfl lwidaf ilbrl bjt kfPI crcf df ivsLf bixaf hoieaf hY. aYn zI pI vwloN ieMsLorYNs rytF ivwc 15% dI irafieq dy mwudy `qy kfPI bihs iCVI hoeI hY jd ik nf hI aYn zI pI aqy ilbrl srkfr koeI Tos jvfb dyx leI iqafr hY. ilbrl srkfr dy ivwq mMqrI cfrls sosf qF kih rhy hn qusIN bjt dy hwk ivwc vot pfE bfkI sB sfzy `qy Cwzo. iewk vfr pihlF vI sB kuJ ilbrl srkfr qy Cwz idwqf igaf sI. Xfd rhy EntyrIE dI ilbrl srkfr ieMsLorYNs dy rytF ivwc kmI pihlI vfr nhIN kr rhI ijvyN ik aYn zI pI vwloN bVy jLor sLor nfl pRcfiraf jf irhf hY. aYn zI pI qF ies qrHF ivvhfr kr rhI hY ijvyN Aus ny ilbrl srkfr dIaF ieMsLorYNs muwdy `qy gozxIaF lvf idwqIaF hox. Aus vkq 2004 ivwc ilbrl srkfr ny afpxy cox mYnIiPsto muqfibk ieMsLorYNs rytF bfry lokF nfl kIqf vfadf ‘mYNgxF’ pf ky pOxf ku pUrf kIqf sI. mgMtI dy pRImIar bxn mOky 2004 ivwc ieMsLorYNs rytF ivwc 10% kmI kIqI geI sI. pr hYrfnI dI gwl iewh sI ik iksy ny vI afpxy ieMsLorYNs pRImIam ivwc koeI Kfs kmI hoeI nf dyKI sI nf nI mihsUs kIqI sI ikAuNik Aus kmI nfl keI guMJldfr DfrfvF nrVIaf hoeIaF sn. ijs kfrn pihly 10 mhIinaF ivwc hI ieMsLorYNs dy ryt 6 qoN lY ky 10% qwk vDf idwqy gey sn. afm lokF nUM Gwt kIqy pRImIam df koeI Pfiedf nhIN sI hoieaf. jy Pfiedf hoieaf sI qF ilbrl pfrtI nUM hoieaf sI jo ik hux qwk ieh alfp krdI af rhI hY ik ieh ilbrl pfrtI hI sI ijs ny ieMsLorYNs ryt Gwt kIqy sn. Aus qoN agly sflF ivwc hI ieMsLorYNs kMpnIaF dI mMg `qy srkfr ny Prfz rokx dy nF `qy aYksIzYNtF ivwc jLKmI hoey ivakqIaF dy ielfj leI imldy bYnIiPtF ivwc vwzI ktOqI krn dI ieMsLorYNs kMpnIaF nUM KuwlI iejLfjq dy idwqI sI aqy vwD qoN vwD ielfj dI rkm Gwt krky 3500 zflr kr idwqI geI sI ijs ivwc zfktrF dI asYsmYNt PIs vI sLfiml sI. hYrfnI dI gwl ieh hY ik bYnIiPt Gwt krn dy bfvjUd ieMsLorYNs kMpnIaF ny pRIMmIam ivwc 5% sflfnf vfDf krI hI rwiKaf hY jd ik srkfr iblkul KfmosL bYTI rhI hY. hux vI aijhf hI hovygf aqy cMgy dI koeI afs nhIN hY ikAuNik ieMsLorYNs ibEro df kihxf hY ik EntyrIE ivwc klymF dI igxqI kYnyzf dy bfkI sUibaF nfloN keI guxf ijLafdf hY aqy jd qwk EntyrIE ivwc Prfz aqy klym Gwt nhIN kIqy jFdy qd qwk ieMsLorYNs rytF ivwc kmI krnI musLkl jfpdI hY. ilbrl srkfr df bjt isrPL cMgy aqy sfPL suwQry rIkfrz vflLy zrfievrF dy ieMsLorYNsF rytF ivwc 15% kmI dI gwl qF krdf hY jd ik ieh bjt vI bIqy smyN vFg pRImIam ryt vDfAux `qy rok lfAux vfry iblkul cwup hY so ies nfl ilbrl srkfr dI ieMsLorYNs kMpnIaF nfl aMdrUnI gMZ-quwp sfPL idKfeI idMdI hY.

          bjt ivwc dUsrf vwzf muwdf EntryE dI afrQkqf bfry hY joik idnoN idn hor zfvFzol huMdI jf rhI hY. ies bfbq nf hI aYn zI pI aqy nf hI ilrbl nf hI torI pfrtI aqy nf hI pRfeIvyt sYktr kol koeI hwl idws irhf jfpdf hY sfry hI iek dUsry dy mUMh vwl dyKI jf rhy hn sLfied koeI ikRsLmf ho jfvy aqy jd ik ies vfsqy sB qoN vwD ijLMmyvfrI ilbrl srkfr dI bxdI hY. EntyrIE dy rfjnIqk lIzr afrQkqf dI zfvFzol ho rhI siQqI nUM sMBflx leI kuJ krn dI siQqI ivwc nhIN hn aqy AunHF nUM pqf hI nhIN lwg irhf ik aijhI siQqI nfl iks qrHF nijiTaf jfvy ikAuNik sB rfjnIqk lIzrF nUM afpo afpxIaF kursIaF sMBflx jF dubfrf mwlx dI hI peI hoeI hY. aYn zI pI ny isrP nOjvfnF leI nOkrIaF df muwK muwdf cwuikaf hY. dUsry pfsy ivwq mMqrI cfrls sosf ny afpxy bjt vfry BfsLx ivwc ikhf sI ik EntryeIE dI afrQkqf nUM Aupr cwukx leI sB qoN jrUrI aqy ieko iewk qrIkf bjt nUM sMquln krnf hY jo ik srfsr glq jfpdf hY. sosf nUM ieh igafn hoxf cfhIdf hY ik bjt nUM sMquln krnf vI jrUrI hY pr afrQkqf nUM cflU krnf Aus qoN vI jrUrI hY ijs dIaF qkrIbn qkrIbn brykF lwgIaF hoeIaF hn. sosf df bjt afrQkqf nUM iks qrF vfDy vwl lY ky jfvygf ies bfry bjt pUrI qrHf cwup hY aqy nfl dI nfl ivwq mMqrI sosf vI pUrf KfmosL hY jd ik awj df sB qoN vwzf mslf afrQkqf ivwc af rhI KVoq hY. EntyrIE dI afrQkqf ivwc iewklI KVoq hI nhIN af rhI sgoN ieh afrQkqf ipClKurI ipCFh vwl jf rhI hY aqy asIN hux amrIkf dI afrQkqf dI vfDy dI rPqfr qoN kfPI ipwCy cwl rhy hF. afrQkqf dy mfhrF muqfibk EntyrIE dI afrQkqf 2013 ivwc isrP 1[5% vDx dI sMBfvnf hY jd ik amrIkf dI afrQkqf 2[1% vDx dI mfhrF ny BivwKbfxI kIqI hoeI hY. EntyrIE dI srkfr df kihxf hY ik 2017-18 qwk Auh EntyrIE df Gfty vflf bjt sMquln kr dyxgy pr dUsry pfsy EntyrIE isr krjLy dI lfgq vDygI aqy kuwl krjLf 300 iblIan zflr qwk phuMc jfvygf. iekwly ivafjL dI lfgq hI 10[4 iblIan qoN 14[5 iblIan sflfnf qwk phuMc jfvygI jo ik ishq syvfvF aqy aYXUkysLn qoN bfad qIjf vwzf Krcf hovygf. hux ieQy ieh dyKxf hovygf ik bjt nUM sMquln krn dy nfl nfl afrQkqf nUM ikvyN bVfvf dyxf hY. aYn zI pI sitmUlYs dI gwl krdI hY jd ik torI ibjnYs leI tYks ktOqI dI gwl krdy hn aqy ilbrl isrP bjt sMquln `qy afs lfeI bYTy hn. ies sUby ivwc iqMny hI mwuK pfrtIaF afrQkqf vfry afpo afpxI bMsrI vjf rhIaF hn aqy afpo afpxf rfg alfp rhIaF hn AuWQy EntyrIE dy lokF df Blf iks qrHf ho skygf aqy afrQkqf iks qrHf lIh qy ilaFdI jf skygI ies vfry dfhvy nfl koeI pfrtI vI kuJ kihx nUM iqafr nhIN hY. ies vfry Tos afrQk nIqI dI gwl ies bjt nhIN kIqI geI hY. EntyrIE df mOjUd ivwq mMqrI cfrls sosf rfiel bYNk ivwc vwzf aiDkfrI sI. bYNk df aiDkfrI afpxIaF nIqIaF leI lokF nUM jvfbdyh nhIN huMdf jd ik ivwq mMMqrI huMidaF sosf nUM lokF pRqI jvfbdyh hoxf pvygf. ivwq mMqrI  smyq bfkI lIzrF nUM vI QoVI ijhI njLr 1930ivaF dy arQ sLfsLqrI kynjL dI ieMplfiemYNt iQAUrI vwl lYxI cfhIdI hY sLfied iewkTy ho ky zfvFzol hor hI siQqI nUM kfbU ivwc kr skx. jy lIzrF ivwc afrQkqf vfry ieksurqf nhIN huMdI qF bjt qy ho rhI bihs byarQ hY aqy ieh iewk aYn zI pI aqy ilbrlf ivckfr isafsI soLa mYc sfibq hovygf.

-prmjIq sMDU

 


ikwDr nUM qur pey pwuqro dlflF dy afKy!

awj df 'bfeI polr' Bfv byqrqIbf sMsfr gMBIr smiwsafvF nfl iGiraf ipaf hY. rfjnIqk AuQl puQl, Dfrimk kwtVvfd, DrmF dy aMdrUnI vKryvyN, bygfngI df aihsfs aqy afrQkqf dI mfVI dsLf afey idn anykF nvIaF smiswafvF nUM jnm dy rhI hY. awj dy dOr ivwc ienHF smwisafvF ivwcoN sB qoN vwD KLqrnfk Dfrimk kwtVqf hY aqy Dfrimk kwtVvfd bhuq qyjL rPqfr nfl vwD irhf hY bysLk sMsfr ivwc DrmF nUM mMnx vfilaF dI igxqI lgfqfr GtdI hI jf rhI hY. ijvyN ijvyN DrmIaF dI igxqI GtdI jf rhI hY aqy iqvyN iqvyN DrmF ivwc ktwVqf hor vDdI jf rhI hY. kuJ DrmF dy lok hornf DrmF dy lokF nfloN kwtVqf vwl vwD ruicq ho jFdy hn. ihMdU, iswK, iesfeI aqy muslmfn sfiraF ivwc kwtV hn qy bhuuqy lok afpxy Drm pRqI kwtV hn aqy bhuq sfry afpxI kwtVqf kfrn Dfrimk bxy hoey hn jo hornF DrmF dy dusmLx bxy bYTy hn. awj asIN isrP muslm Drm ivwcly Dfrimk kwtVF dI hI bfq pfvFgy.

          ipwCy ijhy bOstn ivwc muslmfn Dfrimk kwtVF vwloN bMb Dmfky kIqy gey sn ijnHF ivwc 3 mOqF aqy 260 dy krIb byksUr lok jLKLmI ho gey sn. ijnHF do muslmfn sky BrfvF qYmrlyn aqy jLoKLr sfrnfaYP ny ieh kfrf kIqf sI dovNy hI kwtVqf dy DfrnI sn. ieh mMnxf pvygf ik dunIaF dy bhuqy kwtV kdy vI hwz BMnvIN imhnq nhIN krdy. Auh imhnq krn dI QF cMidaF aqy dfn dI Jfk ivwc rihMdy hn aqy afpxI rojLI rotI vI afpxy hwQIN kmfAux ivwc XkIn nhIN rwKdy. iehI kfrn huMdf hY ik AunHF kol bhuq ivhlf smf huMdf hY aqy Auh ies ivhly smyN df Pfiedf AuzfAuNdy hn. huxy amrIkf dIaF eyjMsIaF ny dfhvf kIqf hY ik ies bMb kFz dy muwK dosLIaF ny kdy vI koeI kMm nhIN sI kIqf aqy srkfrI mdd `qy hI pldy rhy sn. AunHF nUM aqy AunHF dy pRIvfr nUM Kfxf vI srkfr vwloN 'PUz stYNpF' rfhIN muhweIaf kIqf jFdf sI aqy Auh Krcy leI cMgy zflr vI vYlPyar vjoN srkfr qoN btor rhy sn. mfry jf cuwky muwK dosLI dI pqnI vI afpxy leI aqy bfkI pRIvfr leI srkfrI mdd `qy inrBr krdI af rhI hY. AuNJ Aus ny bMb kFz ivwc dosLI afpxy pqI dI mOq `qoN bfad ieh dfhvf kIqf sI ik Auh hPLqy ivwc 70-80 GMty kMm krdI sI aqy ies krky Aus nUM afpxy pqI dIaF srgrmIaF dI koeI jfxkfrI nhIN sI ik Auh kI kI krdf irhf hY. Aus ny ieh vI dfhvf kIqf sI ik Aus dy pqI ny bMb Gr ivwc nhIN bxfey aqy ikqy bfhr bxfey hoey hoxgy. ies qoN ielfvf amrIkf dy aiDkfrIaF ny ienHF dohF dy drjn qoN vwD 'sihXogIaF' nUM vI igRPqfr kIqf hY ijnHF nUM bMb kFz dy dosLIaF dIaF gqIivDIaF bfry kfPI kuJ pqf sI pr AunHF ny aiDkfrIaF nUM kdy kuJ nhIN sI dwisaf. hux Auh vI igRPqfr kr ley gey hn ijnHF ny iehnF dohF nUM bMb kFZ qoN bfad Bwjx ivwc mdd kIqI sI pr AunHF df kihxf hY ik AunHF nUM iblkul hI ieh pqf nhIN sI ienHF ny hI bMb Dmfky kIqy sn. PVy gey drjn dy krIb 'sihXogIaF' ivwcoN bwc gey dosLI jLoKLr sfrnfaYP dy iqMn sfQI ividafrQI pulIs ny cfrj kIqy hn ijnHF `qy dosL hY ik AunHF ny XUnIvristI ivwc pVHdy sLwkI Coty Brf df bYgpYk ijs ivwc awg lwgx vflf msflf aqy bMb bxfAux dI hor smwgrI ilaFdI sI, gfrbyjL ivwc jfx buwJ ky suwt idwqf sI qF ik ikqy dosLI hor musIbq ivwc nf Pws jfvy. ies qoN ielfvf AunHF ny pulIs kol JUT vI boilaf sI aqy sbUqF nUM nsLt krn df Xqn kIqf sI. ienHF ivwcoN bhuqy muslmfn ividafrQI hn jo ik cycnIaf aqy kfijLksqfn qoN pVHn amrIkf afey hoey hn.

          sB qoN vwzI gwl ieh hY ik ieh sfry hI nOjvfn hn aqy ijnHF nUM Drm dy Tykydfr kwtVF ny ijhfd dy nfm `qy guMmrfh kIqf hoieaf sI jF kIqf hoieaf hY. kwtV sB qoN vwD nOjvfn pIVI nUM guMmrfh krn leI cuxdy hn ikAuNik 16-17 sfl dI Aumr qoN 25 ku sfl dy nOjvfn sB qoN sOiKafeI nfl ienHF dy jfl ivwc Pws jFdy hn. mOlvI ienHF dIaF Dfrimk BfvnfvF nUM BVkfAux dy bhfny vfly ikwsy suxfANdy hn aqy nOjvfnF ivwc guwsy dy aMbfr Br idMdy hn jo ik kuJ krn jf mrn leI kfhly pY jFdy hn. kwtV mOlvIaF dy BfsLx nOjvfnF nUM mgr lfAux leI 'imknfqIs' df kMm krdy hn. mrn qoN bfad svrg ivwc hUrF dIaF zfrF aqy dwuD dIaF ndIaF dy Clfvy idwqy jFdy hn. kwtV mOlvIaF dI lfeI qIlI ajFeI nhIN jFdI sgoN awg dy BFbV bfldI hY aqy afm ijMLdgIaF nUM qbfh kr idMdI hY.

    ies gwl df pRmfx Coty Brf dy iewk sfQI dI gwlbfq qoN imldf hY. Aus dy iek sfQI ividafrQI ny pulIs nUM dwisaf ik jdoN jLoKLr sfrnfaYP koeI gwl krdf sI qF mYN Aus dI gwl vwl bhuqf iDafn nhIN sI idMdf. Aus ny ikhf iek vfr jd myrI grl PrYNNz ny jLoKLr nUM pwuiCaf ik Aus dI koeI grl PrYNz nhIN hY qF Aus df jvfb sI ik ies DrqI `qy sB bkbfs hn Aus nUM ikqy dUr dwuD icwtIaF sohxIaF hUrF bysbrI nfl AuzIk rhIaF hn. Aus qoN bfad iesy hI sfQI nUM jLoKLr ny ikhf sI ik Aus ny hux bMb bxfAuxf iswK ilaf hY pr Aus dy sfQI ny joKLr dI ies gwl vwl vI iDafn nhIN sI idwqf isrPL hws ky Bulf idwqf sI. hux Aus dy sfQI df kihxf hY ik Aus nUM bVf duwK hY ik AudoN Aus ny Aus dIaF gwlF axsuxIaF kfhqoN kr idwqIaF sn. nOjvfnF nUM pVfeIaF geIaF AultIaF pwtIaF df nqIjf awj sfhmxy hY. ies DrqI qy vsdIaF hUrF nUM Cwz ky iksy iKaflI hUrF dy supinaF dy ivwc guafcy nOjvfno, DrqI dy ies svrg nUM suafh bxfky iksy aigafq svrg dI qmMnF rwKx vfilE aqy ijhfd dy nF `qy afpxIaF mfvF qoN corI ies DrqI `qy qrQlI mcf ky lhU dIaF ndIaF vhf ky dUsrI dunIaF ivwc duwD dIaF ndIaF dI Jfk rwKx vfilE, quhfnUM iksy hor svrg dIaF hUrF aqy duwD dIaF ndIaF dI loV nhIN, afpxIaF iqwKIaF awKF `qy bMnIaF kwtVqf dIaF motIaF pwtIaF nUM Kol swuto. Drm dy nF `qy mnuuKqf df nfsL krn vfilaF dy guMmrfhkuMn josLIly BfsLxf ivwc nf afE. ies DrqI nUM svrg bxfE iewQy hI swB kuwJ hY.

ieQy zf jgqfr dy sLyar pUrf Zukdf hY:

ikwDr qur pey pwuqro dlflF dy afKy,

mrn leI ikqy dUr mfvF qoN corI..

-prmjIq sMDU

 


ilbrl afgU iDafn dyvy, sLhyb ny ‘rUt-kfjL’ dws idwqY!

          ipCly hPLqy amrIkf dy bOstn sLihr ivwc sflfnf mYrfQfn mOky iek iBafnk dihsLqgrd hmlf afm lokF `qy kIqf igaf ijs ivwc iqMn jfnF geIaF aqy 180 dy krIb lok jKLmI hoey ijhnF ivcoN drjn dy krIb rihMdI ijLMgdI leI nkfrf ho gey hn. dihsLqgrdF vloN do ‘hom-myz’ bMb clfey gey sn ijhnF nMU pRYsLr kUkrF ivwc iPwt kIqf igaf sI. sMsfr Br ivwc lokF ny ies bMb kFz dI iBafnkqf lfeIv tIvI `qy vyKI. eIrfk, aPLgfinsqfn aqy pfiksqfn ivwc ajyhy bMb kFz aksr “Dfrimk dihsLqLgrdF” vloN vrqfey jFdy rihMdy hn. Bfrq smyq hor keI dysL vI ies iksm dI vihsLI ihMsf dI igRPq ivwc af jFdy hn. ajy ipCly hPLqy hI bMglOr ivwc ajyhf bMb Dmfkf kIqf igaf hY ijs ivwc 16 dy krIb lok jLKLmI hoey sn.

          bOstn bMb kFz do kfrnF krky bhuqf crcf ivwc afieaf hY. iek kfrn hY amrIkf vrgy sLkqIsLflI dysL ivwc ajyhf Bfxf vfpr jfxf aqy dUjf kfrn hY hmlfvr cMgI ijLMdgI vfsqy amrIkf afx vwsy sn pr ijs QflI ivwc KFdy sn Esy ivwc Cyd kr rhy sn. rUs dy cYcnIaf sUby nfl sbMiDq “sfrnfiev” goq df iek musilm pirvfr afpxy cfr bwicaF smyq 2002 ivwc amrIkf afx vwisaf sI.  dihsLqgrd hmlf krn vfly dovyN Brf 19 aqy 26 sflF dy sn, ieMJ 11 ku sfl pihlF jd 26 sflf qmrlyn sfrnfiev aqy 19 jOhr sfrnfiev amrIkf afey sn qwd AuhnF dI Aumr krmvfr 15 aqy 8 ku sflF dy krIb sI. Auh jvfn amrIkf ivwc hoey aqy pVfHeI vI amrIkf ivwc kIqI. dovyN pVHn ivwc vI cMgy sn pr iPr vI ieslfimk kwtVvfd dy pRcfr df isLkfr ho ky afm lokF df Gfx krn leI bMb clfAux qwk cly gey. dovf nMU amrIkf ieslfm df dusLmx ivKfeI dyx lwg ipaf sI. dovyN Brf 10-11 sfl pihlF BfvyN cYcnIaf afey qoN sn pr ieh ‘hom-gron’ tYroirjLm hI hY.

          bOstn kFz dIaF KbrF dI ajy isafhI vI nhIN sI sukI ik kYnyzf ivwc puils ny do ivakqIaF nMU dihsLqgrd sfijsL rcx dy dosL ivwc PV ilaf. puils muqfibk 30 sflf sLhyb asYGIar aqy 35 ku sflF df rfied jysr torFto qoN inAUXfrk jfx vflI vIaf-ryl nMU qbfh krn dI sfijsL rc rhy sn. ajyhI vwzI kfrvfeI kr ky Auh sMsfr Br ivwc hlcl pYdf krnI cfhuMdy sn aqy do susLmx dysLF df vwzf nuksfn krnf cfhuMdy sn. puils muqibk ies sfijsL ipwCy ierfn dI mdd pRfpq al kfied df koeI sYWl sI. ies bfry ajy keI sLMky bxy hoey hn ikAuNik eIrfn sLIaf musmlfn dysL hY, AuNJ BfvyN kYnyzf aqy amrIkf nfl dusLmxI krdf hY pr al kfiedf iek kwtV suMnI muslmfn sMgTn hY jo sLIaf muslmfnF nMU amrIkf ijMnI hI nPrq krdf hY. sLhyb asYGIar aqy rfied jysr dI aglI pysLI 23 meI nMU hovygI aqy suxvfeI kr rhy jwj ny adflqI kfrvfeI jwg jfhr krn `qy pfbMdI lgf idwqI hY. ies leI hor jfxkfrI jMqk hox vfsqy ajy smF lwgygf.

          ies sfijsL dI puils nMU jfxkfrI iek muslmfn iemfm ny idwqI sI aqy puils iehnF do ivakqIaF df lgqfr ipwCf krdI rhI sI ijs kfrn vwzI durGtnf vfprn qoN bcfa ho igaf. bOstn Gtnf vwl vyKIey qF pqf cwldf hY ik ajyhIaF GtnfvF iks hwd qwk lokF dI rojL dI ijLMgdI nMU pRBfvq krdIaF hn. bOstn ivwc do bMb DmfikaF kfrn  iqMn sLihrI mfry gey sn jdik iek puils krmcfrI dihsLqgrdF ny ipwCoN mfr idwqf sI aqy iek skLq jLKLmI kr idwqf sI. iehnF do dihsLqgrdF nMU PVn vfsqy iek imlIan vwsoN df bOstn sLihr pUrI qrF bMd krnf ipaf hY aqy 9000 puils aqy POj dy jvfn lgfey gey sn. sLihr dy sfry skUl bMd, bfjLfr bMd, vpfr bMd, PYktrIaF bMd, trFsport bMd, bws iek eyarport kuJ hwd qwk cldf rwiKaf igaf sI.  iek imlIan dy sLihr df nwk ivwc dm kr dyxf koeI mfmUlI Gtnf nhIN hY. srkfrF, vpfrF aqy afm sLihrIaF df ikMMnf ku nuksfn hoieaf, ies df aMdfjLf lgfAuxf musLkl hY.

          kYnyzf dI ilbrl pfrtI dy nvyN bxy nOjvfn afgU qoN jd sIbIsI ny bOstn bMb kFz bfry puwiCaf qF Aus ny bhuq nfdfnI ivKfAuNidaF ajyhIaF GtnfvF df “rUt-kfjL” jfnx dI gwl afK idwqI sI ijs kfrn jsitn trUzo dI sKLq nukqfcInI hoeI. ajyhy mOky lok ajyhy afgU dI qlfsL ivwc huMdy hn jo AuhnF nMU XkIn dvf sky ik dihsLqgrdF nMU bKLisLaf nhIN jfvygf aqy lokF dy jfn qy mfl dI rfKI hr kImq `qy kIqI jfvygI jF kIqI jfxI cfhIdI hY.

          Dfrimk ktwVpMQI hr dysL ivwc huMdy hn aqy jd afgU votF  dI aMnI lflsf ivwc kwtVpMQIaF nMU KusL rwKx dIaF koisLsF krn lwg jfx qF sLihrIaF dy aqy dysL dy vzyry ihwq kurbfn kr idwqy jFdy hn. jd jnfb jsitn trUzo ny ieh ibafn idwqf sI qwd bOstn bMb kFz dy sfjsLIaF bfry koeI vI jfxkfrI nhIN sI. hux AuhnF ivcoN iek mr cwukf hY aqy dUjf igRPqfr kr ilaf igaf. hspqfl ivwc ipaf 19 sflf jOhr sfrnfiev hOlI hOlI sfijsL dIaF prqF Kohlx vflI jfxkfrI dy irhf hY. Auh afpxy afp `qy ieslfimk kwtVpMQI ivcfrF df gLlbf pRvfn kr irhf hY.

          bfrzr dy ies pfsy vIaf-ryl nMU qbfh krn dI sfijsL rcx vfly 30 sflf sLhyb asYGIar nMU jd adflq ivwc pysL kIqf igaf qF Aus ny adflq aqy kfnMUn nMU mMnx qoN ieh kihMidaF ienkfr kr idwqf ik kYnyzf df krImInl koz (jurmF nfl iswJx vflf kfnMUn) rwb dI ByjI hoeI pivwqr ikqfb nhIN hY ies leI Es `qy ieh kfnMUn lfgU nhIN hoxf cfhIdf. Aus ny vkIl dI mdd lYx qoN ienkfr kr idwqf aqy ikhf ik qusIN myry `qy bMdy dy bxfey kfnMUn lfgU kr rhy ho, jo nuksdfr hn, rwb dy bxfey hoey inXm hI shI hn.

          sLhyb asYGIar jd rwb dy bxfey hoey inXmF dI gwl krdf hY qF bhuq Dfrimk lgdf hY. aksr Dfrimk kwtVpMQI kuJ lokF nMU ajyhIaF gwlF kr ky pRBfvq kr lYNdy hn. pr Dfrimk kwtVvfd kudrq,  iensfn, sihhoNd aqy swiBaqf df dusLmx huMdf hY. sLhyb asYGIar ny afpxI aMnI nPLrq df “rUt-kfjL” dws idwqf hY. kI ilbrl afgU jsitn trUzo kol ies mrjL df koeI ielfj hY?

-blrfj idEl

 


pihly zMzy qoN hI iqlk cwly sn jsitn trUzo!

          ipClIaF coxF ivwc aYnzIpI qoN pCV ky qIjy drjy `qy jf izgx vflI PYzrl ilbrl pfrtI ny ies hPLqy jsitn trUzo nMU afpxf aglf afgU cux ilaf hY. kdy afpxy afp nMU kYnyzf dI “kudrqI rfj” krn vflI pfrtI smJx vflI ilbrl pfrtI ipClIaF coxF dy nqIijaF qoN bhuq inrfsL ho geI sI aqy iksy ikRsLmy vfly afgU dI qlfsL ivwc sI jo pfrtI nMU muV pYrF `qy KVI kr sky. svrgI ilbrl pRDfn mMqrI pIar aYlIat trUzo df bytf jsitn trUzo ilbrlF nMU pfrtI aMdr AuplBd sMBfvI afgUaF ivcoN swB qoN vwD ikRsLmeI jfipaf aqy AuhnF jsitn ivwc afpxf ivsLvfs pRgt kIqf. ipCly kuJ mhIinaF qoN pbilk srvyKx trUzo dI vD rhI lokpRIXqf dI hfmI Br rhy hn.

          afgU bnx dI AuzIk kr irhf jsitn trUzo hux bIqy dI gwl ho geI hY aqy sfzy sfhmxy awjy Auh jsitn trUzo hY jo ilbrl pfrtI df hfjLr-nfjLr afgU hY. Aus nMU hux afpxy afp nMU sMBfvI pRDfn mMqrI vjoN pysL krnf pvygf aqy Aus dI hr kmjLorI bhuq guh nfl vyKI aqy pysL kIqI jfvygI. rfjsI aqy mIzIaf ivsLlysLk Aus dI khI hr gwl dI Kwl lfh idaf krngy. rfj kr rhI kMsrvtv pfrtI aqy aYnzIpI Aus nMU kmjLor qy anfVI afgU sfbq krn vfsqy awzI cotI df jLor lgfAuxgIaF. ajyhI hflq ivwc jsitn trUzo nMU hr gwl nfp qol ky krnI pvygI. jsitn nMU ieh iDafn rwKxf pvygf ik Aus dI khI hr gwl dysL dy vzyry ihwq ivwc hovy aqy Aus nMU votF pf ky afgU bnfAux vfilaF dy sOVy ihwqF dI qrPLdfrI nf krdI hovy. rfjsI afgU nMU smrQkF dI loV hr moV `qy rihMdI hY aqy jsitn trUzo nMU vI rhygI pr afpxy smrQkF nMU dysL dy vzyry ihwqF nMU pihl dyx dI pRyrnf vI keI vfr vwzy afgUaF nMU krnI pyNdI hY.

          ies hPLqy dy sLurU ivwc amrIkf dy bOstn sLihr ivwc sflfnf mYrfQfn dOV mOky do vwzy bMb Dmfky hoey hn ijhnF ivwc iqMn ivakqI mfry gey sn aqy 180 dy krIb jLKLmI hoey sn. mrn vfilaF ivwc iek awT sfl df bwcf vI sLfml hY. zyZ drjn dy krIb lok bhuq gMBIr jLKLmI hoey hn. ieh dovyN bMb pRYsLr kUkr ivwc rwK ky bxfey aqy clfey gey sn ijhnF nMU zwPlL bYgF ivwc Cupf ky rwiKaf igaf sI. amrIkI puils hor keI bMb cwlx qoN pihlF nkfrf krn ivwc kfmXfb ho geI sI. ijs iksm dy bMb clfey gey hn aqy ijs ZMg nfl afm lokF nMU insLfnf bxfieaf igaf hY, Aus qoN ieh dihsLqgrd kfrf jfpdf hY. ieh iek ihMsk vfrdfq vI ho skdI ijs ipwCy dihsLqgrdF vflf rfjsI mMqv nf ho ky koeI hor kfrn hovy. iek gwl swc hY ik ieh hmlf afm inhwQy sLihrIaF `qy kIqf igaf bujLidlfnf hmlf sI aqy ieh iek jLflmfnf kfrvfeI sI ijs dI sKLq inMdf kIqI jfxI cfhIdI hY qy mujrmF iKlfPL skLq kfrvfeI kIqI jfxI cfhIdI hY.

          ilbrl afgU jsitn trUzo qoN jd sIbIsI tIvI ny ieMtrivAU dOrfn bOstn bMb hmly bfry puiCaf qF jsitn trUzo ny ies iGnfAuxI kfrvfeI dI sKLq inMd krn dI QF ies dy kfrnF nMU qlfsLx dI gwl afK idwqI. jsitn ny ikhf ik pqf lgfieaf jfxf cfhIdf hY ik ies iksm dIaF vfrdfqF ipCy kI kfrn hn? jsitn ieh Buwl igaf ik ajy qF ieh pqf lgfieaf jfxf hY ik kfier kfql kOx hY jF hn? hF ies gwl df pqf hY ik inhwQy sLihrIaF nMU insLfnf bxfieaf igaf hY. byksUrF nfl hmdrdI pRgt krn dy nfl hI jo jsitn ny ikhf Aus df mqlb ieh vI inldf hY ik Aus nMU hmlfvrF dy kiQq kfrnF nfl hmdrdI hY aqy Auh iehnF kfrnF nMU dUr kr ky sLihrIaF nMU hmilaF qoN bcfAux dI vkflq krdf hY. sMsfr jfxdf hY ik dihsLqgrd aqy ihMsk lok ajoky smfj dy siBak inXmF nMU nhIN mMndy aqy Dwky nfl afpxI mnvfAuxI cfhuMdy hn.  kI ies “rUt-kfjL” (puafVy dI-jVH) df koeI ielfj jsitn trUzo kr skdy hn? kI ajyhy aMsr nMU ieh hwk idwqf jf skdf hY ik Auh siBak, jmhUrI aqy sYkUlr smfj `qy afpxI DONs jmf skx?

          amrIkf nfl kYnyzf dy gihry vpfrk sbMD hn aqy amrIkf afpxI rfKI vfsqy srhwdF `qy sKqI vrq irhf hY. ajyhIaF vfrdfqF nfl amrIkf df rvIaf hor vI sKLq ho skdf hY ijs nfl sfzy vpfrk ihwqF df nuksfn hovygf qy sfzI afriQkqf pRBfvq hovygI. ieh vI Xfd rwKxf cfhIdf hY ik ajyhy hmly kYnyzf ivwc vI ho skdf hn aqy bIqy ivwc hoey vI hn.

          ihMsf aqy dihsLqgrdI iKlfPL sKLq phuMc apxfeI jfxI cfhIdI hY aqy ies mfmly ivwc jnfb jsitn trUzo pihly zMzy `qy pYr rwKdy sfr hI iqlkdy hoey ivKfeI idMdy hn. ajyhI iqlkxbfjLI ilbrl pfrtI aqy dysL dy ihq ivwc nhIN hY.

-blrfj idEl


ivwq mMqrI pI[ icdfˆbrm dI kYnyzf-amrIkf PyrI

          Bfrq dy ivwq mMqrI sRI pI[ icdfˆbrm agly hPLqy kYnyzf aqy amrIkf dI PyrI `qy af rhy hn. AuhnF dI PyrI df mMqv Bfrq dI psr rhI afriQkqf vfsqy ivdysLI invysL nMU afkrisLq krnf hY. afriQk ivkfs nMU XkInI bnfAux vfsqy Bfrq nMU ivdysLI invysL dI sKLq jLrUrq hY aqy Auh ies kMm vfsqy sMsfr Br dy afriQk kyNdrF df dOrf kr rhy hn. ivwq mMqrI jpfn, jrmnI, hFgkFg aqy isMGfpur df dOrf kr cuwky hn aqy AuhnF dI kYnyzf qy amrIkf dI PyrI eysy kVI df ihwsf hY.

          iswDy ivdysLI invysL dy mfmly ivwc mnmohn srkfr nMU Bfrq ivwc sKLq ivroD df sfhmxf krnf ipaf hY. srkfr ies mfmly ivwc afpxIaF sihXogI pfrtIaF nMU mnfAux df Xqn krdI rhI hY ijs kfrn Pfrn zfrYkt ienvYstmYNt dy mfmly ivwc srkfrI nIqI qYa krn ivwc dyrI huMdI rhI hY.

          afpxI PyrI dOrfn sRI icdfˆbrm amrIkf aqy kYnyzf ivwc keI srkfrI aqy vpfrk smfgmF ivwc Bfg lYxgy aqy Bfrq nMU ienvYstmYNt vfsqy iek vDIaf dysL sfbq krn df Xqn krngy. Auh vfisLMgtn ivwc iuentrnYsLnl mfnytrI PMz (afeIaYmaYPL) aqy vrlz bYNk dIaF mIitMgF ivwc vI Bfg lYxgy. ieh PyrI eynI vpfrk hY ik BfrqI mIzIaf ivwc ies nMU “roz-soLa” df nfm idwqf jf irhf hY. vfisLMgtn, bOstn, inAUXfrk, torFto aqy aftvf vrgy sLihr AuhnF dI vpfrk PyrI pYNzy `qy hn.

          ivdysLI invysLk aksr invysL krn qoN pihlF dysL dy hflfq vyKdy hn ijhnF ivwc afriQk aqy rfjsI siQrqf pRmuwK pihlU huMdy hn. iksy vI srkfr isr ivwq qoNN bhuqf krjLf afriQk asiQrqf df Jwt kfrn smJ ilaf jFdf hY. sRI icdfˆbrm ieh dwsx dI koisLsL krngy ik Bfrq srkfr dI ivqI hflq kfbU hyT hY aqy srkfr ivwqI Gfty nMU kfbU ivwc rwKx dy Epfa kr rhI hY. ivwq mMqrI smJdy hn ik globl afriQkqf ivwc ivdysLI invys afkrsLq krn df hor koeI afsfn bdl nhIN hY, ijwQy hflfq sfjLgfr hoxgy AuWQy invysL afpxy afp ho jfvygf ies leI Auh Bfrq nMU invysL vfsqy sfjLgfr sfbq krn dI koisLsL krngy.

          AuhnF nfl ivwq mMqrfly dy AuWc aiDkfrI aqy rIjLrv bYNk afPL ieMzIaf dy gvrnr Erijq ptyl vI af rhy hn. Bfrq srkfr dysL dy mUl ZFcy (ienPrfstrkcr) dy ivkfs vfsqy 12vIN pMj sflf Xojnf (2012-2017) ivwc iek trIlIan zflr Krcxf cfhuMdI hY ijs vfsqy vwzI pwDr `qy ivdysLI invysL dI loV hY.

          Bfrq dy kYnyzf nfl vpfrk sbMD lgfqfr bihqr huMdy jf rhy hn aqy dovyN dysL “PrI-tryz” smJOqy dy nyVy puwj gey hn pr afriQk mMdvfVy kfrn vpfr ivwc vfDy dI dr ajy bhuq susq hY. kYnyzf ivwc BfrqI PrmF df invysL vI vD irhf hY aqy isvlIan pRmfxU smJOqf vI isry lwg igaf hY ijs nfl kYnyzf qoN Bfrq nMU pRmfxU qknIk aqy XUrynIam dI aYksport df rsqf sfPL ho igaf hY.

          Bfrq dy pRDfn mMqrI zfktr mnmohn isMG ies smyN jrmnI dy iqMn idnF srkfrI dOry `qy hn. dovF dysLF ivckfr 6 vwK vwK smJOqy hoey hn aqy bMDn mukq (PrI tryz) smJOqy `qy ivcfr crcf ho rhI hY. kYnyzf vI XUrp nfl PrI tryz smJOqy vfsqy gwlbfq kr irhf hY. ieMJ  sfrf sMsfr bMDn mukq vpfrk ZFcy vl vD irhf jfpdf hY.

          afs kIqI jfxI cfhIdI hY ik sRI icdfˆbrm dI kYnyzf PyrI nfl dovF dysLF dy vpfrk irsLqy hor mjLbUq hoxgy ijs nflk duvwlf invysL, vpfr aqy sihXog vDygf.

-blrfj idEl

 


pMjfb ivwc amn kfnMUn dI ivgV rhI hflq!

          pMjfb ivwc amn kfnMUn dI lgfqfr ivgV rhI hflq pMjfbIaF vfsqy zfhZI icMqf d kfrn bx rhI hY. ipCly 6 ku mhIny dIaF GtnfvF dwsdIaF hn ik pMjfb ivwc njLfiejL aqy jfiejL asly dy BMzfr vD rhy hn qy iehnF dI vrqoN ivwc vI vfDf ho irhf hY. pMjfb ivwc asly dy eyny lsMs jfrI krn dI kI loV hY? hflq ieh bx geI hY ik dUjy sUibaF dy cfhvfn vI hux pMjfb dI rhfiesL dws ky asly dy lsMs hfsl kr rhy hn. sLrfb dy vpfrI cwzf BrfvF dI hwiqaf dy mfmly ivwc iehI qwQ sfhmxy afieaf sI.

          bdmfsL aqy smfj ivroDI aMsr lgfqfr jLor PVdy jf rhy hn  aqy AuhnF ny puils `qy vI inrBY ho ky hmly krny sLurU kr idwqy hn. ipCly kJu mhIinaF ivwc hI pMjfb ivwc cfr eyaYsafeI ijhnF nMU Coty Tfxydfr vI afiKaf jFdf hY, byrihmI nfl mfr idwqy gey hn. puils `qy hmly krn dIaF bhuq sfrIaF Gtnfvf ho cuwkIaF hn ijhnF ivwc luiDafxf dI iek Gtnf vI sLfml hY ijs ivwc iek eyafeIjI `qy hmlf kIqf igaf sI. iehnF sfrIaF GtnfvF dI CfxbIx dwsdI hY ik hmlf krn vfly smfj ivroDI aMsr dy sbMD iksy nf iksy rUp ivwc isafsqdfnF Kfs kr swqfDfrI akflI dl dy kuJ coxvyN afgUaF nfl juVy hoey hn. ieh akflI dl dy AuhnF afgUaF dI CeI vfsqy vI Gfqk hY ijhnF dy nfm iksy nf iksy kfrn ajyhy aMsr nfl juV jFdy hn.

          ies mfmly ivwc akflI dl dy pRDfn s: suKbIr isMG bfdl nMU ieh vI afKxf ipaf sI ik akflI dl hux nvF kyzr BrqI krn mOky “sIlYkitv” phuMc apxfeygf aqy nvyN mYbrF df ipCokV vyKx ipwCoN hI mYNbrisLp dyvygf. jykr GtnfvF dy vhf nMU vyKIey qF ieh iek mOky dI rfjsI stytmYNt hI jfpdI hY ijs `qy aml krn dI ivAuNqbMdI gYr hfjLr hY. AuhnF ieh vI ikhf sI ik aprfD krn vfilaF nfl koeI ilhfjL nhIN hovygf Auh BfvyN ikwzy vwzy afgU jF iksy vwzy afgU dy chyqy vI ikAuN nf hox. jykr s: bfdl dI ies stytmYNt ny amlI rUp Dfiraf huMdf qF ies df asr vI vyKx nMU imlxf sLurU ho jfxf sI pr ajyhf ajy qwk  nhIN hoieaf jfpdf.

          pMjfb ivwc Aupwdr krn vfilaF ivwc zrwg mfPIaf vI sLfml hY ijhnF nMU isafsI pusLqpnfhI hfsl hY. zrwg mfPIaf kol aQfh pYsf hY aqy AuhnF dI aMqrfsLtrI pwDr qwk phuMc hY. PiqhgVH sfihb ivwc PVy gey zrwg kys ny ieh sfbq kr idwqf hY ik zrwg mfPIaf dI phuMc bhuq dUr `qwk hY. ies kys ivwc PVy gey iqMn kiQq dosLI aYnafrafeIjL hn ijhnF ivwc do knyzIan aqy iek ieMglYNz df hY.

          pMjfb ivwc ho rhI qskrI ivwc pfiksqfn dI KuPIaf eyjMsI aqy zrwg mfPIaf dI BUimkf hY jo srhwd pfr qoN zrwgjL, hiQafr aqy jfalI BfrqI krMsI Byjdy hn aqy ijs df mMqv BfrqI arQ ivvsQf qy amn kfnMUn nMU asiQr krnf hY. zrwg mfPIaf df kMm pYsf bnfAuxf hY aqy amn kfnMUn dI ivgVI hoeI hflq AuhnF dy bhuq muafPLk bYTdI hY. jyhf ik awj pfiksqfn ivwc vyKx nMU iml irhf hY.

          31 mfrc dI rfq nUM jlMDr-PgvfVf hfeIvy `qy rfq smyˆ afpxy izAUtI kr rhy ey[ aYws[ afeI[ gurdyv isMG dI iek zrwg mfPIaf dy mYNbrF ny golIaF mfr ky hwiqaf kr idwqI aqy Auh mOky qoN Prfr ho gey. izAUtI `qy bdmfsLF hwQoN sLhId hox vflf ieh cOQf ey[ aYws[ afeI hY. puils ny ies vfrdfq dy mfmly ivwc do ivakqI igRPqfr kr ley hn aqy do ajy Prfr dwsy jf rhy hn. igRPqfr kIqy gey do ivakqIafˆ ivwc qrivMdr isMG AurÌ tYlI vfsI ieMglYˆz sLfml hY. hux ies kys ivwc vI zrwgjL aqy iek aYnafrafeI sLfml hY. pMjfb ivwc vwzy zrwg kysF ivwc hr pfsy iksy nf iksy aYnafrafeI df nfm vwjdf vyiKaf jf skdf hY jo ik bhuq icMqf df ivsLf hY. ivdysLF ivwc vwsdf pMjfbI BfeIcfrf vI zrwg smgilMg kfrn bdnfm ho irhf hY.

          pMjfb ivwc zrwgjL dI vD rhI smgilMg aqy ivgV rhI amn kfnMUn dI hflq zfhZI icMqf df ivsLf hY aqy pMjfb srkfr nMU ies burfeI nMU Twlx vfsqy kfrgr kfrvfeI krnI cfhIdI hY.

-blrfj idEl

 


luwt peI hoeI hY brYNptn `c!

sMsfr ivwc jwgoN qyHrvIaF kdy kdfeIN huMdIaF hn pr brYNptn ivwc ieh brYNptn vfsIaF dI ijMLdgI df ihwsf bx cuwkIaF hn. Cotf ijhf sLihr brYNptn ipCly 15-20 sflF ivwc Gwt igxqI BfeIcfiraF Kfskr iemIgrMtF dy af vwsx nfl hux pMj lwK dI abfdI pfr kr igaf hY. ieh vwKrI gwl hY ik sLihr dy pRbMDkI ZFcy ivwc Gwt igxqI BfeIcfiraF dI numfieMdgI ajy abfdI dy mukfbly bhuq Gwt hY. hF Gwt igxqI BfeIcfiraF dy kuJ nMbrdfrF ny sLihrI ZFcy aMdr afpxI pYNT jLrUr bxf leI hY ijs nMU Auh afpxy inwjI ihwq pflx vfsqy bfKUb vrq rhy hn.

          brYNptn vfsI ieh jfxdy hn ik AuhnF dy pRfprtI tYks gvFzf dy sfry sLihrF nfloN vwD hn aqy hr sfl hI vDfey jFdy hn. isrPL coxF qoN aYn pihlF df sfl hI ajyhf huMdf hY ijs ivwc AuhnF nMU JkfnI dyx dy mMqv nfl tYks vfDf nhIN kIqf jFdf. brYNptn vfsI ieh vI jfxdy hn ik gvFzI sLihrF dy mukfbly brYNptn ivwc ishq syvfvF AUxIaF hn aqy AuhnF nfl dUjf hspqfl bnfAux dy nfm `qy lgfqfr isafsq KyzI jf rhI hY ijs ivwc sUbfeI srkfr df sfQ istI kONsl aqy “nMbrdfr XUnIan” vI dy rhI hY.

brYNptn dy lok ieh vI jfxdy hn ik nvF hspqfl bnfAux dy nfm `qy iek “aMblUtrI sYNtr” bxfieaf jf irhf hY ijs df rOlf 2007 qoN pfieaf jf irhf hY aqy jo 2020 qwk vI iqafr nhIN hovygf. lok ieh vI jfxdy hn ik ies kiQq hspqfl vfsqy AuhnF qoN 10% ihwsy dy nfm `qy 27-28% ihwsf mMigaf jf irhf hY aqy ies mfmly ivwc vI istI kONsl aqy “nMbrdfr XUnIan” sLihrIaF dy awKIN Gwt pfAux vflI subfeI srkfr dy nfl hn. brYNptn vfsI ieh vI jfxdy hn ik AuhnF df sLihr iek “bYzrUm kimAUntI” dy nfm nfl jfixaF jFdf hY ijs ivwc vwsdy bhuqy lok kMm krn iksy hor sLihr ivwc jFdy hn pr sOx vfsqy brYNptn afAuNdy hn. brYNptn vfsIaF nMU ieh KdsLf vI sdf bixaF irhf hY ik sLihr df asMqulq ivkfs iblzrF dI zflrF dI lflsf kfrn hoieaf qy ho irhf hY aqy iksy aigafq kfrn iblzrF dI Dur aMdr qwk cldI hY.

hux ies hPLqy brYNptn vfsIaF nMU Es gwl df vI igafn ho igaf hY jo gwl Auh jfxdy nhIN sn. torFto stfr ny iek ajhI rport pRkfsLq kIqI hY ijs nfl brYNptn vfsI hlUxy gey hn. rport muqfibk brYNptn dI myar dI qnKfh sUby dy pRImIar nfloN vI vwD hY aqy imsIsfgf qy torFto dy myarF nfloN vI vWD hY. eyQy hI bws nhIN abfdI dy ilhfjL nfl brYNptn kYnyzf df 9vF swB qoN vwzf sLihr hY aqy ies 9vyN vwzy sLihr dI myar dI qnKfh dysL dy swB sLihrF dy myarF nfloN vwD hY. ikAuNik brYNptn dI myar mYzm sUjLn PYnl hY ies leI asIN mYzm sUjLn PYnl nMU “mhfrfxI myar” afKxf psMd krFgy.  jykr myar mrd huMdf qF “mhfrfjf myar” ZukvF sLbd hoxf sI. dysL ivwc swB qoN vwD qnKfh aqy BwiqaF kfrn sLbd “mhfrfxI jF mhfrfjf myar” kihxf bhuq ZukvF jfpdf hY.

          rport muqfibk sfl 2012 ivwc brYNptn dI myar dI kul qnKfh $213,727 sI ijs ivcoN $162,839 istI dy Kfqy ivcoN aqy $50,888 pIal rIjnl kONsl dy Kfqy ivwcoN qnKfh vjoN gey hn. brYNptn dy sLihrI pIal rIjnl kONsl nMU vI tYks idMdy hn ies leI Kfqf sLihrIaF df hI hY. ies rport muqfibk myar PYnl nUM 2012 ivwc imlx vflI kuwl qnKfh aqy Bwqy $245,833 sn ijs ivwc pIal srivs borz `qy bYTx vfsqy imilaf $14,682 sLfml hY. pr $23,524 df kfr alfAuaYˆs aqy zrfeIvr dI $45,726 dI qnKfh ies ivwc Èfml nhIˆ hY. torFto aqy imsIsfgf dy myarF kol sLoaPLr vflI kfr nhIN hY pr brYNptn dI myar kol ieh suivDf hY. brYNptn dy rIjnl kONslrF dI qnKfh $129,058 hY jo ik dysL Br ivwc swB qoN vwD hY.

          myar dy dPLqr ny ies bfry eynf hI ikhf hY ik qnKfh aqy Bwqy “istIjn kONsl” dI isPLfrsL nfl lfgU huMdy hn jo ik hor KyqrF dy mukfblqn huMdy hn. EntyrIE sUby ivwc pRImIar dI qnKfh $209,000 hY, pMj guxf vwzy torFto dy myar dI qnKfh $172,803 hY aqy zyZ guxf vwzy sLihr imsIsfgf dI myar dI qnKfh stfr dI rport muqfibk $187,057 hY. isPLrsL krn vyly “istIjn kONsl” ny mukfblqn ikvyN vyiKaf aqy mukfblf iks adfry nfl kIqf? ies mfmly ivwc “nMbrdfr XUnIan” dI vI slfh leI ho skdI hY ijs nMU istI kONsl aqy sUbf srkfr dI hF ivwc hF pfAux dI afdq peI hoeI hY qF ik AuhnF dy muMzy kuVIaF srkfrI adfiraF ivwc QF QF iPwt kIqy jf skx.

          brYNptn dy sLihrIaF nMU ieh svfl puwCx df pUrf pUrf hwk hY ik ajyhf ikAuN ho irhf hY? kI brYNptn dy sLihrIaF dIaF jybF bhuq zUMGIaF hn ijhnF ivcoN jd mrjLI zflr suVfk ley jfx?

          ies sLihr ivwc sLihrIaF nfloN iblzrF dI ijLafdf pwuC igwC hY ijhnF ny zflr bxf ky lFBy ho jfxf huMdf hY. iblzrF dI lokl isafsqdfnF nfl nyVqf vI keI atklF nMU jnm dy rhI hY. PYzrl pwDr `qy vwzIaF kfrporysLnF aqy DnfZ XUnIanF df dbdbf KLqm krn vfsqy sfbkf ilbrl pRDfn mMqrI sRI XF ikRqIaF ny rfjsI pfrtIaF dI iehnF vloN PMizMg KLqm kr idwqI sI. awj PYzrl pwDr `qy hr sLihrI nMU iewCf muqfibk afpxI pwDr `qy vwD qo vwD $1000 qwk sflfnf rfjsI PMz dyx df hwk hY aqy ieh DnfZF `qy vI lfgU huMdf hY.

          awj ies iksm dI gfeIz lfeIn sLihrI aqy sUbfeI pwDr `qy vI lfgU krn dI loV hY qF ik DnfZF (ivakqIaF aqy adfiraF) df srkfrF `qy glbf KLqm kIqf jf sky.

          brYNptn ivwc hr sfl lgfqfr vD rhy pRfprtI tYks, dysL ivwc swB qoN vwD myar qy kONslrF dI qnKfh, cYrtI dy nfm `qy lokF dy Kfqy ivwcoN istI stfPL vloN mtn-murgf Ckx leI itktF lYxf aqy pRBfvI hox vfly adfiraF (iblzrF vgYrf) vloN “gflf smfgmf” mOky iek iewk lwK zflr dy tybl KrIdx qoN jfpdf hY ik brYNptn ivwc lwut peI hoeI hY.

          imhnq nfl qwQ pysL krn vfsqy torFto stfr aqy ies dy rportr sYn gryvfl df brYNptn vfsIaF nMU DMnvfd krnf cfhIdf hY. mYzm myar nMU ies mfmly ivwc afpxI cuwp qoVnI cfhIdI hY aqy iksy “istIjn kONsl jF kmytI” dI kiQq isPLrsL df Et-afsrf Cwz dyxf cfhIdf hY.

-blrfj idEl

 


zrwg smgilMg dy kbwzI aqy kYnyzf nfl juVdy qfr!

          pMjfb ivwc zrwg smgilMg dy mfmilaF ivwc lgfqfr vfDf ho irhf hY. aksr koeI idn hI KflI jFdf hY jd hYroien, aPIm jF ies iksm dy nsLy dIaF KypF PVIaF nhIN jFdIaF. rfjsI qOr `qy asiQr aPLgfinsqfn ivwc zoizaF dI BrpUr kfsLq huMdI hY ijs qoN aPIm aqy hYroien pYdf kIqI jFdI hY. aPgfn smglr aqy dihsLqgrd sMgTn ies DMdy nMU afpxI afmdn df Kfs sroq smJdy hn ijs dI aMqrrfsLtrI CfxbIx pusLt kr cwukI hY.

          aPgfinsqfn qoN ieh nsLIly pdfrQ pfiksqfn rfhIN Bfrq Byjy jFdy hn. ies ivwc pfiksqfnI smglr aqy KuPIaf eyjMsI afeI aYs afeI Kfs rol adf krdI hY. isrPL nsLIly pdfrQ hI nhIN sgoN pfiksqfn qoN Bfrq dI jfalI krMsI aqy hiQafr vI Bfrq nMU smgl kIqy jfdy hn. jfalI BfrqI krMsI pfiksqfn dIaF srkfrI tksflF ivwc Cfpy jFdy hn. BfrqI mfhrF ny ivdysLI mfhrF dI shfieqf nfl ies dy puKqf sbUq idwqy hn aqy dwisaf hY ik iehnF jfalI notF df kfgjL aqy CpfeI pfik tksflF nfl myl KFdI hY. pfik KuPIaf eyjMsI ieh kuJ Bfrq nMU afriQk, smfijk aqy rfjsI qOr `qy kmjLor krn vfsqy krdI hY. ieh vwKrI gwl hY ik ies nfl pfiksqfn df afpxf vI BfrI nuksfn ho irhf hY.

          pMjfb qoN ieh nsLIly pdfrQ Bfrq dy hor sUibaF nMU kuJ lokl KLpq vfsqy aqy kuJ ivdysLF nMU smgl krn vfsqy Byjy jFdy hn. rfjsQfn aqy gujrfq dy bfrzr rfhIN vI ajyhI smgilMg huMdI hY pr pMjfb ies df iswDf insLfnf hY. pMjfb qoN ivdysLF nMU huMdI zrwg smgilMg df nfqf keI aYnafrafeI smglrF nfl juVdf hY ijhnF ivwcoN bhuqy iksy nf iksy rUp ivwc kbwzI nfl juVy hoey hn. ipCly keI sflF dOrfn sfhmxy afey kysF vwl vyKIey qF aYnafrafeI smglrF dy qfr kYnyzf, amrIkf aqy brqfnIaF nfl juVdy hn.

          10 ku idn pihlF pMjfb ivwc PiqhgVH sfihb puils vloN 130 kroV rupey dI zrwg dI vwzI Kyp PVI geI hY aqy ies mfmly ivwc keI aYnafraferIjL dy nfm vI boldy hn. do kiQq aroipaF dy nfm kYnyzf ivwc srI dy rsqy jItIey nfl vI juVdy hn aqy iek df sbMD brqfnIaF nfl hY. ies kys nfl AulMpIan muwkybfË ivjyNdr isMG df nfm vI afx juiVaf hY aqy Auh puils dI qPqIsL aDIn hY. iKzfrI aqy Auh vI ElMipk pwDr df ijs nMU Bfrq ivwc bhuq mfx snmfn imlaf hY, df nfm zrwg qskrI nfl juV jfxf bhuq mMdBfgf hY. pr hYrfnI ies kfrn nhIN hY ikAuNik aksr keI kwbzI iKzfrIaF aqy prmotrF dy nfm bhuq sflF qoN zrwg qskrI nfl juVdy af rhy hn. 

          PiqhgVH kys ivwc kiQq aroipaF ivwc mYnI igwl AurPL mnpRIq aqy anUp isMG kfhloN AurPL rUbI kfhloN df sbMD srI, bIsI nfl hY. gYr qsdIk sLUdf rportF muqibk Auh jItIey dy ielfky ivwc vI kuJ smF gujLfr cuwky hn. iehnF df sbMD trwikMg nfl vI dwisaf jFdf hY aqy trwikMg dy Kyqr nMU vI kuJ lokF ny zrwg smgilMg kr ky bdnfm kIqf hoieaf hY.

          pMjfb qoN aYPizRn nfm dy kYmIkl dI smgilMg vI ivdysLF nMU kIqI jFdI hY ijs dI vrqoN pMjfb ivwc kuwkVIaF vfsqy kIqI jFdI hY. kuJ hor pdfrQ imlf ky ies qoN nsLy vflIaF golIaF bxfeIaF jFdIaF hn. ies kYmIkl df nfm “bfltIaF” mMgvfAux nfl vI juiVaf hoieaf hY. aYPizRn dI pMjfb ivwc kImq 2-3 lwK rupey pRqI iltr dwsI jFdI hY jo kYnyzf phuMc ky keI lwK zflr pRqI iltr ivkdI dwsI jFdI hY. jfhr hY ik smglrF vfsqy ieh bhuq lfhymMd DMdf hY ijs nMU rokx vfsqy puKqf pRbMDF aqy aMqrrfsLtrI sihXog dI loV hY.

          XUrp aqy AuWqrI amrIkf nMU aPgfinsqfn qoN nisLaF dI smgilMg eIrfn aqy pfiksqn rfhIN vI huMdI hY. pfik qoN kYnzf af rhI zrwg dIaf keI KypF aksr hI PVIaF jFdIaf hn. ajy ipCly hPLqy hI pIarsn eyarport `qy iksy XqrI dy smfn ivcoN zrwg PVI geI sI aqy hvfeI jhfjL pfiksqfn qoN af irhf sI.

          aYsaYspI PiqhgVH sfihb s[ hridafl isMG mfn muqfibk 130 kroVI Kyp dy kys ivwc PiVaf igaf kulvMq isMG brqfnIaF df sLihrI hY jdik ikRpfl isMG sfbkf zIaYspI hY. ies kys ivwc sLfml jgdIÈ Bolf pihlvfn dwisaf jFdf hY. kulvMq isMG ivdysL Bwjx dI koisLsL ivwc sI jd puils dy hwQ lwg igaf. ies kys ivwc ieh vI pqf lwgf hY ik aYmPYtfmfeIn nfm df kYmIkl jo afeIs nfm dI zrwg bnfAux vfsqy vriqaf jFdf hY, ikRpfl isMG dI myrT siQq dvfeIaF dI PYktrI qoN afAuNdf sI.

          ies kys dIaF ajy hor prqF KuwlxIaF bfkI hn aqy afs kIqI jfxI cfhIdI hY ik puils ajyhf krn ivwc kfmXfbI hfsl krygI. KdsLf ieh vI pfieaf jf irhf hY ik ies groh dy cotI dy afgUaF qwk awpVnf sMBv nhIN hovygf ikAuNik asl mflk “vwzy rfjsI afgU” jF AuhnF dy njLdIkI ho skdy hn.   kulvMq isMG smyq iqMno aYnafrafeIjL df puils rImFz lY ilaf igaf hY aqy  jy puils AuhnF nMU krYYk kr lYNdI hY qF asl vwzy srgxy jF srgixaF df Kulsf ho skdf hY.

          aksr ikhf jFdf hY ik smgilMg puils dI imlIBugq nfl huMdI hY aqy ies ivwc kuJ scfeI jLrUr hY. ajyhf Bfrq ivwc hI nhIN kYnyzf vrgy dysL ivwc vI ho skdf hY aqy keI ajyhy kys sfhmxy vI afey hn. pMjfb ivwc ijs rPqfr nfl afey idn zrwgjL dIaF vwzIaF KypF PVIaf jf rhIaF hn Es qoN sfbq huMdf hY ik pMjfb puils aqy bIaYsaYPL afpxI pwDr `qy hr sMBv iemfndfrI nfl kMm kr rhI hY.

          pqf lwgf hyY ik Auprokq kys ivwc pMjfb puils ny ivdysLI puils PorsF qoN vI sihXog mMigaF hY qFik sbMDq zrwg groh bfry pUrI jfxkfrI hsl kIqI jfvy. pMjfb qoN ho rhy zrwgjL dy DMdy dy kbwzI aqy kYnyzf nfl qfr juVnf mMdBfgf hY ijs nMU bynkfb krn vfsqy knyzIan puils eyjMsIaF nMU hr sMBv Xqn krny cfhIdy hn. PVy gey sfry ivakqI ajy aropI hI hn aqy kfnMUn muqfibk adflq vloN dosLI pfey jfx qwk ksUrvfr nhIN hn.

-blrfj idEl

 


brYNptn istI kONsl sLihrIaF-pwKI nIqI apxfey

          kYnyzf ivwc imAUNspl srkfrF kol bhuq aiDkfr hn aqy iehnF dy PYsly iswDy qOr `qy sLihrIaF nMU pRBfvq krdy hn. imAUNspl srkfrF kol afriQk aiDkfr vI bhuq pRBfvI hn aqy iehnF df hwQ sdf mfieaf ivwc rihMdf hY. pRfprtI tYks qoN imAUNspl srkfrF nMU aQfh afmdn huMdI hY aqy ieh tYks sLihrIaF qoN iswDy qOr `qy vsUly jFdy hn. pRfprtI tYks vDfAux df hwk vI sLihrI srkfrF kol hY ijs nMU aksr hr sfl afny bhfny vriqaf jFdf hY. brYNptn vrgy psr rhy sLihr ijhnF ivwc hr pfsy kMstrksLn ho rhI hY, asl ivwc mfieaf df hI psfrf hY. Gr, vpfr aqy shUlqf pYdf krn vfsqy ieh psfrf jLrUrI vI hY. pr ies psfry nfl iblzrF dIaF jybF dy ihwq juVy hoey hn.

          psr rhy sLihrF ivwc psfry dy vhf qoN awgy rih ky pRfprtIaF KrIdxf aqy AuhnF `qy ajyhI kMstrksLn krnI ijs nfl vwD qoN vwD mfieaf kmfeI jfvy, iblzrF dI Kyz df pRmuK insLnf huMdf hY. iehI kfrn hY ik smyN smyN vwK vwK sLihrF ivwc “jLoinMg” bdlx vfsqy irsLvq dyx dy dosL lgdy rihMdy hn. ieh jLrUrI nhIN hY ik hr “jLoinMg” bdlx vfsqy irsLvq idwqI jF mMgI jFdI hovy pr lokF ivwc ajyhf sLwk idno idn vD irhf hY aqy ieh vrqfrf kYnyzf pwDr `qy hI nhIN sgoN nfrQ amrIkf pwDr `qy vyKx nMU iml irhf hY.

          ipCly sfl amrIkf dy sLihr iztrfiet df pRisD sfbkf myar kYlpYtirk kurwpsLn `c dosLI pfieaf igaf sI Aus `qy lwgy anykF dosLF ivwc 83 imlIan zflr dy kMtrYkt afpxy iek dosq nMU dvfAux dy dosL sLfml sn. myar `qy kurwpsLn dy 30 cfrj lgfey gey sn ijhnF ivcoN 24 cfrjF ivwc Auh dosLI pfieaf igaf sI. amrIkf ivwc ieh bhuq vwzI Kbr bxI sI.

          ipCly sfl hI amrIkf dI inAU jrjI styt dy hfimltn tfAUnisLp dy myar john vYnkvIno nMU kurwpsLn ivwc dosLI pfieaf igaf sI. kurwpsLn dy dosLF ivwc iek hYlQ ieMnsLorYNs brokr qoN $12,400 dI vwZI lYxf sLfml sI.

          ikbYWk sUby dy iek Coty ijhy ipMz vrgy ksby sYNt-rmI df myar mfeIkl luveI vI kurwpsLn dy dosLF ivwc cfrj kr ilaf igaf sI aqy ies ksby dI kul abfdI 7,275 hY aqy sfl 2012 ivwc ksby df sfrf bjt 12[7 imlIan zflr hI sI. dosL afpixaF nMU mihMgy Bfa kMtrYkt dyxf aqy irsLvq lYxI sn. mFtrIal nfl pYNdy sLihr lvfl dy myar jLuils vYilnkort aqy iek hor njLdIkI ksby dy myar ircrz mfrkoty nMU kurwpsLn dy dosLF kfrn asqIPLy dyxy pey sn.

          ies sfl dy jnvrI mhIny dy dUjy hPLqy dOrfn amrIkf dy inAU ErlInjL dy sfbkf myar jnfb rya nfijn nMU kurwpsLn dy 21 dosLF ivwc cfrj kIqf igaf hY. Auh ies sLihr df sfl 2002 qoN 2010 qwk myar irhf sI aqy hrIkyn kYtrInf ny Aus dy rfjkfl dOrfn hI sLihr ivwc qbfhI mcfeI sI. myar rya nfijn amrIkf dI PYzrl srkfr vloN idwqI geI mdd qoN nfKusL sI pr hux afp lok ihwqF nMU awKoN proKy kr ky kurwpsLn dy sMgIn dosLF df sfhmxf kr irhf hY.

          meI 2012 ivwc mFtrIal dI istI kONsl `qy kurwpsLn skYNzl df phfV af igwzf sI ijs ivwc keI aflfH aPsr, sfbkf kONslr, myar dy njLdIkI shfiek aqy kMsztrksLn kMpnIaF vfly vlyty gey sn. cfrj kIqy gey lokF dI igxqI do drjn qoN vwD sI aqy kurwpsLn dy vwK vwK dosL keI keI imlIan zflr dy sn.

          brYNptn dy gvFz ivwc keI sfl pihlF imsIsfgf dy vfrz 5 (mfltn) dy sfbkf kONslr kilPL jfieljL aqy ipwCy ijhy imsIsfgf dI myar dy byty `qy vI ajyhy dosL lwg cuwky hn. torFto dy myar jnfb rOb Porz dI kursI jFdI jFdI msF bcI hY. adflq ny AuhnF nMU “ihqF dy tkrfE” ivwc dosLI pfieaf sI aqy AuhnF dI kursI apIl rfhIN bcI hY. mfmlf afpxI Puwtbfl PfAUNzysLn vfsqy $3150 df PMz ryjL krn leI afpxf lYtr hYWz pYz vrqx df sI. $3150 zflr Bly dy kMm vfsqy gey sn pr pYsf lYx vfsqy sfDn glLq vriqaf igaf sI. ieh kys sfbq krdf hY ik bykYdgI dy mfmly ivwc vI kfnMUn ikMnf sKLq hY, kurwpsLn df bhuq vwzI gwl hY.

          Auprokq Audfhrxf dyx df mqlb ieh hY ik ies Kyqr ivwc kurwpsLn aqy “Pyvr” lYx-dyx dIaF bhuq sMBfvnfvF hn. jo kuJ brYNptn ivwc iblzr nMU sMdlvuwz aqy brYmlI dy kony ivwc tfAUn hfAUs bnfAux dyx dI afigaf dyx dy mfmly ivwc vfpr irhf hY Aus ivwc qlKI bhuq vD geI hY. iswtf qrF qrF dy dosLF aqy juvfbI dosLF ivwc inkl irhf hY. 4 mfrc dI BrvIN pbilk mIitMg ivwc vI qlKklfmI hoeI sI aqy hux rIjnl kONslr suprvyarI vloN 13 mfrc nMU kIqI geI mIitMg ivwc gwl ies qoN awgy vD geI hY.

          rIjnl kONslr suprvyarI nMU sLkfieq hY lok Aus `qy iblzr dy ihq pUrn aqy ivwk jfx dy dosL lgf rhy hn ijs kfrn Aus nMU guwsf afieaf hY. asIN kuJ lokF vloN lgfey gey dosLF df smrQn nhIN kr skdy ikAuNik sfzy kol ajyhy koeI sbUq nhIN hn. asIN smJdy hF ik iksy nMU vI ibnF sbUqF dy iksy `qy ajyhy dosL nhIN lgfAuxy cfhIdy.

          rIjnl kONslr sRI suprvyarI nMU smJxf cfhIdf hY ik ieh mfmlf bhuq irVikaf igaf hY ijs kfrn lokF ivwc guwsf vD igaf hY. hux jd myar smyq sfrI istI kONsl cuwp bYTI hY qF sRI suprvyarI istI df Krcf ho jfx leI loVoN vwD ikAuN iPkrmMd hn? istI kONslr ivkI iZloN spsLt rUp ivwc tfAUn hfAUsF df ivroD krn vfly hlky dy lokF nfl KVy hn. rIjnl kONslr suprvyarI nMU ajyhf koeI vI kdm nhIN cuwkxf cfhIdf ijs qoN ieh pRBfv imldf hovy ik Auh iblzr nfl KVy hn. aqy jy Auh ajyhf nhIN kr skdy qF gusy ivwc nhIN afAuxf cfhIdf.

          27 mfrc nMU istI kONsl dI iPr mIitMg hY ijs ivwc ieh mfmlf ivcfiraf jfxf hY. qfpmfn hux qoN hI vDxf sLurU ho igaf hY. isafxp qoN kMm nf ilaf igaf qF gwl hor awgy vDygI ijs nfl istI kONsl aqy lokF ivckfr pfVf vDygf.

          lokF dIaF BfvnfvF nMU vyKidaF hoieaF istI kONsl nMU “sLihrIaF pwKI” nIqI apnfAuxI cfhIdI aqy iek vfr PYslf kr ky Aus `qy KVnf cfhIdf hY. istI kOMNsl nMU iblzrF nfloN sLihrIaF dy ihwq vDyry   ipafry hoxy cfhIdy hn.

-blrfj idEl


sLihrI hwkF pRqI jfgrUk ho irhf hY BfeIcfrf

          brYNptn ivwc sMdlvuwz aqy brYmlI roz dy kony ivwc bnx jf rhy tfAUn hfAUsF dy mfmly ivwc cfr mfrc idn somvfr sLfm nMU hoeI BrvIN pbilk mIitMg ny ieh sfbq kr idwqf hY sQfink BfeIcfrf afpxy sLihrI hwkF pRqI jfgrUk ho irhf hY. BfvyN ies pRfjYkt bfry iksy dy koeI vI ivcfr ikAuN nf hox pr lokF vloN pbilk mIitMg ivwc vwzI igxqI ivwc pwjxf sfbq krdf hY ik sLihrI jfgrUk ho rhy hn aqy afpxI avfjL PYslf krn vfilaF qwk pwujdI krn leI smF kwZ skdy hn. ieh mIitMg BfvyN iek muwdy `qy hI sI pr srkfrF nMU iDafn rwKxf cfhIdf hY ik ajyhf hor muidaF `qy vI sMBv hY.

          ies mIitMg ivwc lokF dy roh nMU vyKidaF hfjLr 7 kONslrF ny istI stfPL dI Auh rport srbsMmqI nfl rwd kr idwqI ijs ivwc iblzr vloN pysL kIqI geI bdlvIN plfn nMU pRvfngI dyx dI isPLrsL kIqI geI sI. ies bdlvIN plfn hyT ies kony ivwc 333 tfAUn hfAus bxfey jfxy sn qy ies dy nfl lfiebryrI aqy pfrk vfsqy jLmIn Cwz idwqI jfxI sI. ies plfn aDIn iblzr ny tfAUn hfAUsF dI igxqI Gtf ky lfiebryrI aqy pfrk vfsqy QF dyx dI pysLksL kIqI sI jo hlky dy lokF ny rwd kr idwqI hY.

          iblzr pihlF hI EntyrIE imAUNspl borz kol phuMc kr cuwkf hY aqy kMnsoaF `qy ivsLvfs krIey qF afpxf kys ijwqx dI afs lgfeI bYTf hY.  rIjnl kONslr sRI jOhn suprfvyarI ies ivcfr dy hn ik iblzr EntyrIE imAUNspl borz qoN afpxy hwk ivc PYslf lY lvygf ijs dy Auh do kfrn dwsdy hn. pihlf kfrn iblzr kol vDIaf aqy mihMgy vkIl hn jo Aus df pwK mjLbUqI nfl pysL kr skdy hn aqy dUjf kfrn ieh hY ik sUby dI srkfr dI nIqI abfdI dI Gxqf vDfAux dy hwk ivwc hY ijs kfrn borz tfAUn hfAUs bnfAux nMU pRvfngI dy skdf hY. ies mfmly ivwc ijwQy istI kONslr sRI ivwkI iZloN hlky dy lokF dIaF BfvnfvF nfl KVy sn AuWQy rIjnl kONslr sRI jOhn suprfvyarI iblzr dy hwk ivwc jfpdy sn pr lokF df roh vyK ky ies plfn nMU rwd krn dy hwk ivwc Bugq gey sn.

          hux sRI jOhn suprfvyarI ny ieh gwl jMqk kr idwqI hY ik somvfr dI mIitMg ivwc hoieaf PYslf “afrjLI” PYslf hY ijs nMU “EntyrIE imAUNspl borz” dy ivcfr aDIn afAux qoN pihlF hI istI kONsl dI 27 mfrc dI mIitMg ivwc rwd kIqf jf skdf hY ikAuNik iblzr kol istI kONsl awgy pysL ho ky afpxf pwK rwKx df hwk hY. somvfr dy OPYsly ivwc 7 kONslr hfjLr sn aqy 27 mfrc dI kONsl dI mIitMg ivwc 10 kONslr aqy myar dy hfjLr hox dI sMBfvnf hY. ies nfl iewk vfr iPr lokF ivwc Kusrmusr sLurU ho geI hY aqy 27 qrIk dI istI kONsl dI mIitMg qwk iPr lihr bx jfx dI sMBfvnf bx geI hY.

          sLihrIaF ivwc pYdf ho rhI jfgrqI iek sLuB sLgun hY aqy afs kIqI jfxI cfhIdI hY sLihrI hor mfmilaF ivwc vI sqrkqf qoN kMm lYxgy. ajyhf krn qoN ibnF rfjsI nyqfvF aqy aPLsrsLfhI nMU pwbF Bfr nhIN rwiKaf jf skdf ijs df iswtf ieh huMdf hY ik pbilk dI syvf krn dy afsLy nfl cuxy gey afgU aqy pbilk dy tYks nfl qnKfhF lYx vflI aPLsrsLfhI “sLfsk” bx jFdI hY. tYksF ivc vfDy, syvfvF ivwc ktOqI aqy lokF dy pYsy dI durvrqoN dy mfmly ivwc vI sLihrIaF nMU vDyry jfgrUk hox dI loV hY.

          sLihrIaF dy zflrF nfl istI stfPL vloN mtn-murgf Ckx  bfry asIN pihlF vI ilK cuwky hF aqy iek vfr iPr ieh ilKxf jfiejL smJdy hF ik ieh kMm pUrI qrF bMd hoxf cfhIdf hY. ipCly sfl istI stfPL ny vwK vwK PMz ryjL iznrF ivwc lokF dy Kfqy ivcoN itktF lY ky mtn-murgf Ckx `qy $81,925 zflr Krcy sn aqy ies sfl pbilk ivwc pRIqkrm hox kfrn ieh Krcf $54,345 qwk rwKx df PYslf kIqf hY. ajy kuJ idn pihlF hoey myar dy cYrtI PMz ryjL iznr `qy lokF dy Kfqy ivwc 9 hjLfr zflr dy krIb dIaF itktF istI stfPL ny leIaF hn jo ik iblkul njfiejL hY (brYNptn gfrzIan dI iek rport muqfibk). istI stfP nMU cMgIaF qnKfhF imldIaF hn aqy cfhvfn stfPL afpxy Krcy `qy ajyhy PMz ryjL iznrF `qy jf skdf hY, lokF nMU cUnf lgfAux jfiejL nhIN hY. pIal rIjnl kONsl vI lokF dy Kfqy ivwcoN ajyhy PMz ryjLF vfsqy itktF KrId rhI hY joik bMd hoxf cfhIdf hY. iewQy ieh vrnxXog hY ik torFto istI kONsl aqy imsIsfgf istI kOLsl lokF dy pYsy dI ajyhI durvrqoN nhIN krdI.

          brYNptn istI kONsl ny cup cpIqy afpxy ihwq ivwc iek hor PYslf kr mfiraf hY ijs nfl lokF `qy boJ hor vDygf. istI kONsl ny myar dI sdfrq ivwc srbsMmqI nfl afpxy vfsqy iek rItfiermYNt aqy sYvrYNs pYikj pfs kr ilaf hY ijs nfl aglIaF coxF hfr jfx vflf jF coxF nf lVn df aYlfn krky rItfier ho jfx vflf kONslr lokF dy Kfqy ivwcoN svrYNs/rItfiermYNt pYkj hfsl kr skygf. ieh pYikj ieMJ bxfieaf igaf hY ik hfsl krn vflf kONslr afpxy kfrjkfl dy hr sfl vfsqy iek mhIny dI qnKfh pRfpq krygf jo ik 18 mhIny qoN vwD nhIN hovygI. ies df mqlb hY ik ijhVf kONslr 18 sfl qoN kONsl `qy hY Aus nMU zyZ sfl dI qnKfh idwqI jfvygI. jy koeI 12 sfl qoN istI kONsl `qy hY qF 12 mhIny dI qnKfh lYx df hwkdfr hovygf.

          hYrfnI dI gwl hY ik aglIaF coxF hfr jfx dI sUrq ivwc vI  hr kONslr ieh Bwqf lY skygf. hfrn df mqlb hY ik lokF ny Aus nMU rwd kr idwqf hY pr Auh iPr vI jFdf jFdf lokF dy jyb nMU kYNcI mfr jfvygf. ieh mfmlf kONsl ivwc 27 PrvrI nMU ivcfiraf igaf aqy ibnF iksy bihs dy pRvfn kr ilaf igaf. Bfv kONsl ny ibnF iksy bihs dy afpxy afp nMU ieh hwk dy ilaf. sLihr dy lokF nMU ies df pqf vI nhIN lwgf. ies qoN ielfvf iek hYlQ bYnIiPt pYkj vI pfs kr ilaf igaf hY. ies smyN istI kONslr dI qnKfh $73,936 hY jo agly sfl $75,509 ho jfvygI. rIjnl kONslrF nMU rIjn vloN vfDU qnKfh imldI hY. myar dI qnKfh hux $151,597 hY joik agly sfl $154,822 ho jfvygI. sfl 2016 ivwc ies ivwc iPr vfDf hovygf.

          sLihrIaF nMU iehnF swB msilaF `qy jfgrUk hoxf cfhIdf hY aqy mIzIaf vloN ajyhI jfxkfrI lokF qwk puwjdI kIqI jfxI cfhIdI hY. brYNptn df ichrf mohrf bdl irhf hY ijs kfrn lokl srkfr aqy adfiraF dI nuhfr ivwc vI qbdIlI atwl hY.

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pulfV dy Kyqr ivwc Bfrq dI aihm pulFG!

          ies hPLqy Bfrq ny pulfV dy Kyqr ivwc iek aihm pulFG puwtidaF ieko smyN 7 Koj sYtflfeIt sPLlqfpUrvk dfgy hn. ieh sYtflfeIt Bfrq dI spys Koj sMsQf “ieMzIan spys rIsrc afrgynfeIjysLn” ny afpxy pIaYsaYlvI sI-20 rfikt nfl sRIhrIkotf pulfV kyNdr qoN dfgy hn. ieh rfikt lFc lfeIv tYlIkfst kIqf igaf sI aqy ies nMU vyKx vfsqy Bfrq dy rfsLtrpqI sRI pRxfb muKrjI vI hfjLr sn. rfikt lFc nMU lfeIv tYlIkfst krnf BfrqI sopys rIsrc sMgTn dy svYivsLvfs dI insLfnI hY. AuNJ kdy vI koeI purjLf Pyhl ho skdf hY ijs nfl smucf pRfjYkt KUh-Kfqy pY skdf hY pr sPLlqf vfsqy svYivsLvfs iek jLrUrI mfpdMz hY ijs nMU BfrqI spys Koj pRogrfm ny pRfpq kr ilaf hY.

          pIaYsaYlvI sI-20 rfikt Bfrq df iek sPLl rfikt hY jo hux qwk 22 vfr sPlqf pRfpq kr cuwkf hY. ies nMU polr pMD `qy sYtflfeIt dfgx vfsqy vriqaf jFdf hY ijs kfrn ies df nfm “polr sYtflfeIt lFc vhIkl (pIaYsaYlvI) rwiKaf igaf hY. pI aYws aYwl vI -sI 20 rfhIN dfgy gey sfry swq AuWp-gRihafˆ df kuwl vËn 700 iklogRfm hY| ienHfˆ ivcoˆ iek Aup gRih aYseyafreyaYl Bfrq qy Prfˆs df sfˆJf hY| aYseyafreyaYl AupgRih smuMdr dI sqHf dIafˆ AucfeIafˆ df aiDaYn krygf| Bfrq aqy Prfˆs ies qoˆ pRfpq hox vfly aMkVy iewk dUjy nfl sfˆJy krngy | bfkI Cy Aup gRihafˆ ivcoˆ kYnyzf dy aYneIE sYt aqy sYPfafier Aup gRih hn jo DrqI dy afs pfs mOjUd hor gRihfˆ aqy DrqI dI ÈRyxI ivc GuMmdy Aup gRihafˆ `qy nËr rwKygf| ies dy nfl hI ieh sUrj dy afspfs mOjUd hor Coty Aup gRihafˆ `qy vI nËr rwKygf| ies qoˆ ielfvf afstrIaf dy do Aup gRih bRfeIt aqy XUnIbRfeIt, brqfnIaf df aYstIrfaYnzI-1 aqy zYnmfrk df eyeyXUaYstI AupgRih vI dfgy gey| aYstIrfaYnzI-1 dunIaf df pihlf smfrtPon nfl clfieaf jfx vflf sUKm Aup gRih hY| ies `qy aYizrfiez apryitMg isstm vflf gUgl nYksn vn Pon vI lgfieaf igaf hY ijs dI mdd nfl keI qrHfˆ dy aMkVy iekwTy kIqy jf skxgy| ies dy nfl hI ieh afpxy kYmry nfl DrqI dIafˆ qsvIrfˆ vI leygf| ieMJ ies lFc ivwc Bfrq ny hor dysLF dy nfl nfl kYnyzf nfl vI pulfV Kyqr ivwc sFJ vDfeI hY.

          pIaYsaYlvI BfrqI pulfV Koj sMsQf df swB qoN kfmXfb rfikt hY ijs ny sqMbr 1993 qoN bfad hr imsLn ivwc kfmXfbI hfsl kIqI hY. 44[4 mItr lMbf aqy 295 tMn Bfr vflf ieh rfikt 1600 iklo Bfr dy sYtflfeIt spys ivwc Byjx dy Xog hY. ies rfikt dy vwK vwK mfzl kfmXfbI nfl dfgy gey hn aqy ies nMU 1750 iklo qwk df Bfr pulfV ivwc Byjx vfsqy vI vriqaf igaf hY, AuNJ ies df muZlf zjLfeIn BfvyN 1600 Bfr dy sYtflfeIt dfgx vfsqy sI. ieko smyN bhuqy sYtflfeIt sPlqf pUrvk DrqI dy gRih pMQ `qy pfAuxy afpxy afp ivwc iek vwKrI aqy vwzmwulI pRfpqI hY jo ies vfr 7 sYtflfeIt ieko smyN dfg ky pRfpq kIqI geI hY.

          Bfrq ny ies qoN Bfry sYtflfeIt dfgx vfsqy jIaYsaYlvI nfm df rfikt vI kfmXfbI nfl tYst kIqf hY ijs nMU 7 vfr dfigaf jf cuwkf hY aqy ieh ies ivwcoN cfr vfr kfmXfb irhf hY. 49 mItr lMbf ieh rfikt 414 tMn Bfrf hY aqy ieh pulfV ivwc 2 qoN 2[5 tMn Bfry sYtflfeIt dfgx dy Xog hY.

          ies qoN ielfvf BfrqI pulfV sMgTn ny jIaYsaYlvI mfrk 3 nfm df rfikt vI iqafr kr ilaf hY jo 630 tMn Bfrf hY aqy 42[4 mItr lMbf hY. ieh rfikt 4 tMn Bfry sYtfleIt pulfV ivwc phuMcfx dy Xog hovygf. ies dy aprysLnl ho jfx nfl BfrqI pulfV Koj sMsQf vwzI pwDr `qy kmrsLIal sYtlfeIt lFc krn dy Xog ho jfvygI.

          eIsro (ieMzIan spys rIsrrc afrgynfeIjysLn) df cMqrXfn imsLn vI iek vwzI pRfpqI sI aqy hux eIsro dI awK mMgl gRih vwl hY. srkfr ny mMgl vfsqy imsLn nMU mnjLUrI dy idwqI hY. ieMJ BfrqI pulfV ivigafnI vzIaF pulFGF puwt rhy hn. iehnF sPLl imsLnF nfl BfrqI ivigafnI nvIN qknIk prK rhy hn ijs df dysL nMU hor KyqrF ivwc vI lfB hovygf.

          ieh gwl hor vI mhwqvpUrn hY ik BfrqI ivigafnI hor dysLF dy mukfbly bhuq Gwt Krcy nfl ajyhIaF pRfpqIaF hfsl kr rhy hn. asIN BfrqI ivigafnIaF, BfrqpRsqF aqy Bfrq dy snyhIaF nMU ies kfmXfbI dI mubfkrbfd idMdy hF.

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brYNptn nfl Dwky leI ilbrl srkfr aqy istI kONsl dovyN ijLMmyvfr!

          ishq shUlqF dy mfmly ivwc brYNptn dy lokF nfl lgfqfr ivqkrf ho irhf hY ijs vfsqy sUbfeI srkfr aqy brYNptn istI kONsl dovyN ijLMmyvfr hn. abfdI dy ilhfjL nfl AuplBd hspqfl bYWzF dy mfmly ivwc brYNptn dysL df iek ajyhf sLihr hY ijs nMU kYnyzf jF subfeI pwDr `qy aOsqn bYWz AuplBdI qoN bhuq hyTlI pwDr dI ishq shUlq idwqI jf rhI hY.

          aMgryjLI dI khfvq “aYizMg ienslt tU ieMjUrI” aqy pMjfbI dI khfvq “kuwtxf vI qy rox vI nhIN dyxf” `qy cwlidaF brYNptn dy lokF nMU imafrI ishq shUlqF qoN vFJy vI rwiKaf jf irhf hY aqy guMmrfh vI kIqf jf irhf hY. hYrfnI dI gwl hY ik isafsI afgU ieh pwkf mMn bxfeI bYTy hn ik brYNptn dy lok buwDU hn aqy iehnF nMU hmysLf hnyry ivwc rwiKaf jf skdf hY.

          purfxy pIal mYmorIal hwspqfl dI QF bnx jf rhy “qrVy ishq kyNdr” nMU ajy vI hspqfl dws ky lokF nfl mjLfk kIqf jf irhf hY jdik srkfrI plYn muqfibk ieh pUry hwspqfl dy nyVy qyVy vI nhIN hovygf. ieh Auh hspqfl hY ijs nMU nvF hspqfl (isivk) bx jfx `qy cflU rwKx dy vfady subfeI ilbrl srkfr ny kIqy sn. ies dI rYnovysLn aqy apgryizMg vfsqy subfeI mdd dy “cYWk df bYnr” PV ky sQfnk ilbrl sFsdF aqy 2007 dIaF coxF dy AumIdvfrF ny iek vwzI qsvIr vI iKcvfeI sI.

          jd nvF hspqfl bx igaf qF purfxf vfady dy Elt bMd kr idwqf igaf. jd lokF ny ivroD kIqf qF Jwt ies nMU TIk-Tfk krky jld dubfrf Kohlx dyy vfady sunx nMU imlx lwgy. 2007 qoN ipwCoN cfr lMG gey aqy subfeI srkfr suqI rhI pr jd aglIaF coxF njLdIk afeIaF qF iPr “brYNptn vfsqy dUjy” hspqfl df rfg sunx nMU imilaf. ies kiQq dUjy hspqfl nMU bnfAux vfsqy purfxy hsqpfl nMU Zfhux df AudGftn vI iehnF bysLrm isafsdfnF ny do vfr kIqf. nvF adfrf Kohlx dI rvfieq qF sMsfr Br ivwc hY pr purfxf Zfhux df do vfr AudGftn krn dI sLrmnfk hrkq qF brYNptn ivwc hI ho skdI hY. sLfbfsL hY AuhnF afgUaF aqy mIzIafkfrF dy, ijhnF ny purfxI iemfrq Zfhux dy AudGftnF dI bwly bwly kIqI qF ik lok ieh smJx ky isafsI afgU brYNptn vfsIaF dI shUlq vfsqy bhuq dOV Bwj kr rhy hn.

          ipCLlIaF subfeI coxF qoN aYn pihlF sQfnk ilbrl AumIdvfr jo isitMg aYmpIpI vI sn acfnk hrkq ivc af gey aqy AuhnF istI `qy dbfE pfAuxf sLurU kr idwqf ik purfxy hspqfl dI QF bnx vfly “nvyN hspqfl” vfsqy 60 imlIan zflr df sLihr df ihwsf jld dyx df aYlfn kIqf jfvy nhIN qF ieh iksy hor sLihr nMU dy idwqf jfvygf. ilbrl aYmpIpI ilMzf jfPLrI ies kMm vfsqy bhuq srgrm rhI aqy Aus ny ilbrlF dIaF qlILaF Jwsx vfilaF qoN istI kONsl `qy dbfE vI rwJ ky pvfieaf. aYmpIpI ilMzf jfPLrI, Aus df smrQn krn vfly aqy istI kONsl ieh Buwl gey ik brYNptn dy lokF nMU hor knyzIan sLihrIaF vfflIaF ishq shUlqF dyxIaF srkfr dI ijLMmyvfrI hY.

          AuDr nvF Kohilaf igaf brYNptn isivk hspqfl vI lokF dIaF AumMgF `qy pUrf nhIN Auqiraf aqy Kuwlx sfr hI keI ivvfdF ivwc iGr igaf. ikafsy gey bjt qoN dwugxf kMstrksLn Krcf, gYr imafrI syvf qy lokF nfl stfPL df burf vqIrf aqy pihlF dwsy gey sfry bYWzF nMU lokF  vfsqy nf Kohlxf ies hspqfl dI KfsIaq rhI hY. pI-3 isstm ijs aDIn ieh bxfieaf igaf sI vI awj qwk lokF nMU smJ nhIN afieaf aqy nf hI ies bfry srkfr ny kdy pUrI jfxkfrI jMqk kIqI hY. hYlQ kulIsLn adflq ivwc jf ky vI srkfr dy “pRfeIvyt pftrnr” bfry pUrI jfxkfrI hfsl nhIN kr skI.

          ilMnH (lokl hYlQ nYtvrk) nfm dI sMsQf jo subfeI ilbrl srkfr ny afpxy chyiqaF nMU kursIaF dyx vfsqy bxfeI hoeI hY, ny vI brYNptn dy lokF nfl rwJ jy Droh kmfieaf aqy lokF dy sKLLq ivroD dy bfvjUd purfxy hspqfl dI QF iek aYNbUltrI kyNdr bnfAux dI isPLrsL kr idwqI. torI pfrtI ny qfkq ivwc afAux dI sUrq ivwc ilnH nMU KLqm krn df vfadf kIqf hoieaf hY aqy ies bykfr sMgTn df jld Bog pf idwqf jfxf cfhIdf hY.

          aYmpIpI ilMzf jfPLrI aqy subfeI srkfr dy hwQToikaF dy dbfE hyT brYNptn dI istI kONsl ny 2011 ivwc ies kiQq hspqfl vfsqy sLihr dy ihwsy df 60 imlIan zflr dyx df aYlfn kr idwqf pr ieh nhIN dwisaf ik ieh iks Kfqy ivwcoN dyxf hY.

          ieh gwl vI Cupf leI geI ik brYptn df kiQq ihwsf $120 imlIan hY nfik $60 imlIan jo dwisaf igaf sI. $60 imlIan iswDf lYxf hY aqy $60 imlIan aisDy ZMg nfl lYxf hY ijs df mqlb hY ieh PMz ryjL kr ky lYxf hY. pr nfl hI ieh JUT vI mfiraf igaf ik sUby dy hr sLihr nMU hspqfl vfsqy 10% ihwsf dyxf pYNdf hY. ies kiQq aDUry hspqfl df kul Krcf 433 imlIan dwisaf jf irhf hY ijs df 10% 43[3 imlIan zflr bxdf hY pr hux lYxf $120 imlIan hY jo 27-28% bxdf hY. ikwQy igaf 10% vflf PfrmUlf aqy ies bfry istI kONsl ny puwiCaf ikAuN nhIN?

          hux kih rhy hn ik $60 imlIan qF dyxf hI pYxf hY aqy ies nMU dyx vfsqy keI PfrmUly pysL kIqy jf rhy hn. iek jfalI PfrmUlf ieh pysL kIqf igaf hY ik pRqI Gr isrPL $50-52 dI tYks lYvI hI lgfAux nfl sr jfxf hY aqy afpxy tozIaF qoN pRcfr krvfieaf jf irhf hY ik lok eynf qF hws ky dyx vfsqy iqafr hn. BfeI jLrf pUrf ihsfb dws idE ik $50-52 pRqI Gr sflfnf tYks lgfAux nfl ikMny sflF ivwc $60 imlIan (sLfiedf sfrf $120 imlIan) pUrf ho jfvygf? aYmpIpI ilMzf jfPLrI kiQq nvyN hspqfl vfsqy bhuq KusLI dy ibafn dfg rhI hY, bIbI ieh qF dws ik bx kI irhf hY? aqy bx kd irhf hY?

          hux lokF nMU pqf lwg igaf hY ik bnx vflI vsqU pUrf hspqfl nhIN hY aqy ieh pUrI qrF sfl 2024 qwk bxygf. jy ies ny mukMml 2024 qwk hoxf hY qF BfeI tYks hux ikAuN mMigaf jf irhf hY?   ies dI lgq vI gihrI sLwk dy Gyry ivwc hY. iek arD hspqfl Bfv aYNblUtrI kyNdr dI lfgq $433 imlIan dwsI jf rhI hY jdik jLmIn afpxI hY. ies dI lfgq bnx qwk vwD vI skdI hY, grMtI koeI nhIN hY! brYNptn isivk iek mukMml hspqfl jd bnx jf irhf sI qF lfgq $500 imlIan dy afspfs dwsI geI sI pr jd bx igaf qF lfgq $800 imlIan qoN twp geI pr pUrf Kwuilaf ajy vI nhIN hY. Krcf dugxf ikAuN ho igaf awj qwk nhIN dwisaf igaf?

          hux iek aYNblUtrI kyNdr dI lfgq $433 imlIan dwsI jf rhI hY. awj vkq hY ieh puwCx df ik lfgq eynI vD ikAuN hY? kMstrksLn kfntrYkt iks nMU aqy ikvyN idwqf igaf hY? sLrqF kI hn? ikqy koeI ikwk-bYk lYx vflf Cuipaf qF nhIN bYTf?

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hux qwk KLbrnfmf dI vYWb sfeIt nUM pfTk vyK cuwky hn

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