www.khabarnama.com  {Punjabi Newspaper Khabarnama Toronto} email: editor@khabarnama.com 


 

ਅਖ਼ਬਾਰ ਪੜ੍ਹਨ ਲਈ ਪੰਜਾਬੀ  ਫਾਂਟ ਇੱਥੋਂ ਡਾਊਂਨਲੋਡ ਕਰ

 

 

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kwtVqf vws pY ky ikDry afpxI nvIN pIVHI qF nhI guafeI jf rhy asIN?

          ies hPLqy do aihm KLbrF mIzIaf 'c cricq hoeIaF ny: iewk ieh ik vYnkUvr ivwc iewk 17 sflf iswK ividafrQI ny ieh zrfmf ricaf ik pMj gory nslvfdIaF ny Aus nUM Gyr ky pihlF qF kuwitaf qy iPr nslI nPLrq nflL ilbryjL mMdy bol bolx qoN bfad Aus dy kys "kql" kr suwty. KLbrF muqfibk kys kwtx df zrfmf rcx vfly ies lVky df ipqf iewk AuWGf rIal astyt eyjMt hY qy KLfilsqfnI ivcfrDfrf nUM afpxfieaf hox kr ky grm iKLaflIaF dIaF aglIaF sPLF 'c sLumfr rKdf hY. dUsrI KLbr vI sbwb nfl ieMglYNz ivwc vsdy iewk aMimRqDfrI KLfilsqfnI iswK dI hI hY ijs ny pihlF qF afpxI sfbkf mihbUbf dy pqI nflL dosqI pfeI qy iPLr sfbkf mihbUbf nUM pRfpq krn ihq mihbUbf dy pqI nUM jfno mfrn leI, 'imwkI' nfmI iewk ivakqI nflL 2500 zflr df sOdf kIqf. KLusLiksmqI nflL imwkI asl ivwc puls df jsUs inwkilLaf. pUrn guriswK bfxy ivwc ivcrx vflf gurdyv isMG nfmI ieh ivakqI adflq vwloN dosLI krfr dy idwqf igaf.

          dyKx nUM ieh dovyN KLbrF bysLwk afps ivwcIN koeI sbMD nhIN rKdIaF jfpdIaF, pr iehnF dohF KLbrF ivwc iewk bhuq hI aihm sFJ hY ijs df ijLkr asIN awgy cwl ky krFgy.

          iswK Drm nUM dunIaF dy sB qoN jvfn Drm dy qOr 'qy prcfiraf qy vizafieaf jFdf hY. ieh hkIkq vI jwg-jLfhr hY ik jdoN purfqn smyN dy vwizaF DrmF ivwc burfeIaF dy prCfvyN bhuq hI sMGxy ho gey sn qF iswKF dy pihly gurU bfbf nfnk jI iewk asloN hI vwKrI Dfrnf lY ky afey ijs anusfr sfrI kfienfq qy hr jIv iewko nUr 'coN pYdf hoieaf hY ies leI iksy nUM Aus dy Drm jF jLfq dI ibnfa AuWqy burf, nIvF, jF mMdf nhIN smJxf. ijwQy pujfrI jmfq ny ihMdU Drm dIaF sLfndfr rvfieqF qy vydF dI srb sFJI mhfn iswiKaf dy Ault krmkFzF qy pUjf dIaF ivsLysL ivDIaF AuWqy jLor dy dy ky ihMdU Drm df ichrf mohrf hI ivgfV suwitaf sI, AuQy bfbf nfnk sihj avsQf 'c rwb dI BgqI 'c lIn hox df sMdysL lY ky afieaf. rwb dI pRpqI leI bfbf nfnk hr iksm dy pKMz, rIqF, irvfjF, rsmF, idnF iqWQF dIaF ivcfrF nUM nkfr ky sfPL suQry aml AuWqy jLor idMdf hY. sfrI gurbfxI vfr vfr ByK nUM nfkfrdI hY. iesy qrHF hI gurU goibMd isMG jI ny iewk KLfs PLOj dI vrdI dy qOr 'qy sLfied pMj kkfrF df hukm idwqf sI mgr AunHF anusfr, isrPL pMj kkfr pihnxy hI swcf-suwcf qy shI iswK hox leI lfjLmI sLrq nhIN sI rwKI jfpdI. smiJaf jFdf hY ik gurU jI ny 1699 dI ivsfKI nUM aMimRq Ckf ky 'Kflsf' sfijaf. awj dy jLmfny ivwc isrPL pMj-kkfrI ivakqI nUM hI 'KLflsf' afKx df irvfj pY igaf hY pr ieiqhfsk qwQ ieh dsdy hn ik gurU jI qF afpxy gYr-aMimRqDfrI syvkF nUM vI 'qusIN sfzf KLflsf ho' ilKdy rhy hn. sfzy kolL gurU jI dy hukmnfimaF dI, pMjfbI XUnIvristI vwloN CfpI hoeI iewk pusqk hY ijs ivwc gurU jI df 6 PLrvrI 1702 nUM jfrI kIqf iewk hukmnfmf hY ijs rfhIN Auh afpxy syvkF nUM ieMJ sMboDq huMdy hn: "isrI gurU jI dI afigaf hY BfeI ibdRfbn gulfl cMd gurU rwKygf gurU gurU gurU gurU jph jnm sAurygf qusI myrf Kflsf ho!" gurU jI qF afpxy syvk gulfl cMd, ijhVf ik aMimRq Ck ky hfly "gulfl isMG" nhIN sI bixaF, nUM 1702 ivwc vI 'Kflsf' afKdy hn. ieh hkIkq vI hY ik gurU goibMd isMG jI 1708 ivwc ies sMsfr qoN ivdf ho jFdy hn pr gurU jI dIaF pqnIaF mfqf sfihb dyvI qy mfqf suMdrI, gurU jI dy akfl clfxy qoN qkrIbn qIh sfl bfad qIk ijLMdf rhIaF. 1699 qoN bfad mfqf suMdrI qy mfqf sfihb dyvI dy 19 hukmnfmy qy bMdf isMG bhfdr dy do hukmnfmy imldy hn ijnHF ivwc ikqy iewk QF vI aMimRq Ckx jF sMgq nUM CkfAux df ijLkr nhIN imldf. qy mfqfvF dy nfm vI suMdrI qy sfihb dyvf hI rhy. iesy qrHF mfqf gujrI vI mfqf gujr 'kOr' nhIN bxy. kI ies df ieh Bfv nhIN inwkldf ik nf qF gurU jI dIaF dohF pqnIaF ny qy nf hI mfqf ny hI aMimRq pfn kIqf sI. nf hI gurU jI ny AunFH nUM aMimRq pfn krn leI mjbUr hI kIqf hovygf. iesy qrHF gulfl cMd vrgy hor hI axigxq iswK hoxgy ijhVy aMimRq nf Ckx dy bfvjUd vI gurU jI dIaF hwQ ilKqF anusfr gurU jI dy KLflsf hI sn.

          hux svfl ieh pYdf huMdf hY ik awj dy isafsqI Xuwg ivwc sfry df sfrf jLor kyvl bfhrI icMnHf AuWqy dyxf sLurU ho igaf hY. gurU jI ny amlI qOr 'qy vDIaf iensfn bxn df jo hukm kIqf sI, Aus 'qy ikMny ku lok cldy hn, ieh sB dy sfhmxy hI hY. ikMinaF ku ny lflc iqafigaf hY, ikMinaF ku ny kfm, kRoD, loB moh qy hMkfr 'qy kfbU pf ilaf hY, ies dI vjLfhq krn dI jLrUrq nhIN. aslIaq ieh hY ik dfhVI kys rwKxy qy dsqfrF sjfAuxIaF hI swcf iswK hox dI lfjLmI insLfnI qy sLrq nhIN hY. ieMglYNz ivwc pRyimkf dy pqI nUM kql krfAux dI sfijLsL rcx vflLf pUrf aMimRqDfrI qy inwqnymI hox dy bfvjUd vI iswKI qoN kroVF kohF dUr bYTf hY. afpxy afly duafly njLr mfro qy dyKo ik awj iswKI srUp 'c ivcr rhy ikMny hI lok Auh hn ijhVy iksy smyN ivwc dfhVI muwC dy pwKoN ctm huMdy sn, nisLaF df syvn kiraf krdy sn, hor puwTy iswDy kMMmF 'c gLlqfn vI hoieaf krdy sn. pr smF afAux AuWqy kysfDfrI ho gey. awj quhfzy aflLy duafly anykF hI ajyhy vI njLr afAuxgy ijhVy afpxy ichry 'qy vflL qF kI vflL df prCfvF vI nhIN AuWgx dyNdy pr KLLflsqfn dy pMdrF vIh nfhry mfrn qoN ibnf cfh df ipaflf vI nhIN pINdy.

          vYnkUvr 'c afpxy vflL kwtx leI goiraF vwloN kuwty jfx qy vfl kwty jfx df zrfmf krn vflLf lVkf ajyhI zrfmfbfjLI krn vflLf pihlf ivakqI nhIN hY. eyho ijhI qrjL vflLf bVf kuJ afm hI vfprdf hY. jLfhr hY ik ieh zrfmf Aus ny ies leI hI ricaf hovygf ik Aus dy mF bfp Aus nUM vflL kwtx qoN vrjdy hoxgy. hux vflL kwtxy jF vfl rwKxy iksy vI ivakqI dI inwjI qrjIh hY. pr ijhVy bicaF dy kys Dwky nflL AunHF dI mrjLI qoN bgLYr rKfey jFdy hn, AuhnF df Blf bwcy nUM jF iswKI nUM kI lfB hoieaf? kI ieh nhIN cfhIdf ik iswKI srUp ivwc ivcrdy lokF vwloN afpxI sLuB amlF nflL bwicaF ivwc iswKI dy srbwq dy Bly qy mfnus kI jfq sB eyko pihcfxbo df jjLbf Br ky, AuhnF nUM aYsI avsQf ivwc ilaFdf jfvy ik bwcy afpxy afp hI kkfrI hox leI pRyrq ho jfx? sfnUM Xfd hY ik kuJ ku vrHy pihlF brYNmtn 'c iewk iswK prvfr dy iewk hoxhfr nOjvfn bwcy ny jLihrIlIaF golIaF Kf ky ies leI hI KLudkusLI kr leI sI ikAuNik Aus dy prvfr vflLy Aus nUM kys ktfAux dI afigaf nhIN sn dy rhy. ikwzf cMgf huMdf agr Aus hoxhfr bwcy nUM mjbUr krn dI QF pRyrnf idwqI jFdI qF awj Auh nOjvfn bwcf sfzy ivckfr pqf nhIN iks vwzy ahudy 'qy ibrfjmfn huMdf. ho skdf hY ik afpxy mno AuWTI qrMg nflL Auh pUrf aMimRqDfrI hI ho jFdf.

          iehnF sqrF dy ilKfrI df vfh skUlF dI nOjvfn pIVHI nfl afm hI rihMdf hY. hfeI skUl ivwc ajyhIaF lVkIaF vI dyKx ivwc afAuNdIaF ny ijnHF dy mfpy pqf nhIN iknHF aigafq kfrnF kr ky AunHF nUM mfVI motI mykap pihnx dI iejfjLq vI nhIN dyNdy. ieh lVkIaF iPLr mfipaF dy kRoD qoN bcx leI GroN qF aiqaMq sfdgI ivwc afAuNdIaF ny pr skUl dy lfkrF 'c rwKIaF ilpsitwkF sfrI idhfVI AuhnF dy hoTF 'qy iKVIaF rihMdIaF ny qy Gr jfx qoN pihlF Auh lVkIaF afpxy ichiraF nUM Doh sMvfr ky muV sfdgI 'c lY afAuNdIaF ny. ajyhy bMDnF df Blf kI lfB hoieaf? kI ajyhy bMDn lf ky asIN afpxy bwicaF nUM doyhrf ikrdfr jIx dy rsqy qF nhIN qor rhy?

          iesy sMdrB ivwc brYmtn spirMgzyl dy iewk skUl ivwc ipCly idnIN hI vfprI iewk Gtnf df ijLkr krnf vI bxdf hY. ies skUl ivwc pMjfbI nOjvfn muMizaF dI igxqI coKI hY qy gYNgvfd kfrn ieh skUl pMjfbIaF dI 'bdnfmI' leI vI kfPLI 'msLhUr' hY. ieQy do pMjfbI gruwpF ivc lMmy smyN qoN cwlI af rhI ksLmksL afiKLr iewk idn afpxy hI muMzy AuWqy POjdfrI dy rUp ivwc pRcMz ho geI. pr sfzy lIzrF nUM ies nflL koeI srokfr nhIN ik sfzI pIVHI nUM cMgI pVHfeI krn leI pRyrnf ikvyN dyxI hY, gYNgvfd qoN pfsy ikvyN krnf hY qy nisLaF dI cuMglL qoN ikvyN bcfAuxf hY.

          loV kwtVqf aDIn bwicaF AuWqy bMdsLF Tokx dI nhIN sgoN KLud iswKI srUp ivwc ivcridaF hoieaF gOrvmeI ikrdfr idKfAux dI hY qF ik bwcy iswKI srUp Dfrn krn ivwc mfx mihsUs krn.

pr swcfeI ieh hY ik iswKI srUp ivwc bhuq hI igxvyN ivakqI lwBxgy ijhVy kroD, lflc, hyrfPyrI, JUT, hMkfr, sfjLsLF, DVybMdIaF vrgIaf burfeIaF 'qy kfbU pf sky hox.  iswKI kwtVqf dy ivroD 'coN inklLI hY, qy nrmfeI qy sihj hI iswKI df kyNdrI sMdysL hn. socxf bxdf hY ik ikDry kwtVqf aDIn asIN afpxI nvIN pnIrI nUM afpxy qoN dUr qF nhIN DwkI jf rhy?                                     

-iekbfl rfmUvflIaf

 

hux qwk KLbrnfmf dI vYWb sfeIt nUM pfTk vyK cuwky hn

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