www.khabarnama.com  {Punjabi Newspaper Khabarnama Toronto} email: editor@khabarnama.com 


 

ਅਖ਼ਬਾਰ ਪੜ੍ਹਨ ਲਈ ਪੰਜਾਬੀ  ਫਾਂਟ ਇੱਥੋਂ ਡਾਊਂਨਲੋਡ ਕਰ

 

 

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dunIaF dy nksLy `qy idno idn pRBfvI ho irhf Bfrq

            Bfrq dy pRDfn mMqrI zf: mnmohn isMG dI iqMn idnF amrIkf PyrI dopfsI sbMDF vfsqy iewk ieiqhfsk Gtnf hY. dovF dysLF dy sbMDF ivwc BfvyN bIqy 10-12 sfl qoN lgfqfr suDfr huMdf af irhf hY pr Bfrq dI ajLfdI qoN lY ky 10 ku sfl pihlF qwk ieh sbMD kdy bhuq suKfvyN nhIN rhy. ies dy keI kfrn sn ijhnF ivwc dunIaF df do kYNpF (sovIaq XUnIan aqy amrIkf) ivwc vMzy jfxf, Bfrq dy nyqfvF dI kiQq smfjvfdI phuMc kfrn sfmrfjI amrIkf df ivroD krnf aqy bIqy ivwc Bfrq-pfik JgVy ivwc amrIkf vwloN pfiksqfn df aMnyvfh pwK pUrnf sLfml hY. eysy kfrn sLIq-jMg dOrfn sovIaq-amrIkf POjI kYNpF ivwc vMzI dunIaF ivwc POjI DiVaF qoN inrlyp Bfrq dIaF BfvnfvF vI sdf amrIkf ivroDI hI rhIaF sn qy jmhUrI dysL huMidaF hoieaF vI amrIkf Bfrq iKlfPL qfnfsLfhI hkUmqF dI ipwT pUrdf irhf sI.

          sovIaq XUnIan dy KyrUM-KYrUM ho jfx qoN bfad pYdf hoey nvyN hflfqF ivwc dovF dysLF dy sbMD suDrny sLurU hoey aqy 2001 dy 9/11 hmilaF qoN bafd amrIkf leI ieslfimk kwtVvfd dy Kqry kfrn dopfsI sbMD dosqI dI lIhy pY gey. hux ieslfimk kwtVvfd dy vD rhy Kqry aqy cIn dI vD rhI afriQk qy POjI smrwQf dy qvfjLun qoNN icMquq amrIkf iehnF dosqfnf sbMDF nMU hor prpwk krn vwl pihl kdmI kr ky awgy viDaf hY. amrIkf PyrI `qy BfvyN Bfrq dy pRDfn zf: mnmohn isMG hI gey hn ajy sRI jfrj buwsL Bfrq nhIN gey pr sPfrqI sUqrF muqfibk zf: mnmohn isMG dI ieh amrIkf PyrI amrIkf dI pihl kdmI kfrn hoeI hY. Bfrq srkfr ies PyrI nMU sqMbr mhIny qwk awgy pf dyxf cfhuMdI sI jd zf: mnmohn isMG sMXukq rfsLtr dy smfgm ivwc ihwsf lYx jfx vfly sn. ajy mhInf ku pihlF hI BfrqI rwiKaf mMqrI sRI pRxfb muKrjI amrIkf nfl rwiKaf sihXog dy kuJ aihm smJOqy krky Bfrq prqy hn.

          zf: mnmohn isMG dI PyrI mOky jo mfx aqy aihmIaq amrIkf srkfr ny ies PyrI nMU idwqI hY Aus qoN dovF dysLF dy bdl rhy irsLqy sfPL Jlkdy hn. amrIkf ny zf: mnmohn isMG nMU amrIkf dI sMsd dy dovF sdnF nMU sMboDn krn df mfx bKisLaf hY jo bhuq Gwt ivdysLI afgUaF nMU idwqf jFdf hY.  rfsLtrpqI buwsL ny zf: mnmohn isMG dy mfx ivwc vfeIt-hfAUs ivwc styt iznr vI idwqf. pRfpq jfxkfrI muqfibk sRI jfrj buwsL dy kfrj kfl dOrfn ies pwDr df mfx pRfpq krn vfly zf: mnmohn isMG 5vyN ivdysLI afgU hn.  amrIkn sMsd dy dovF sdnF nMU sMboDn kridaF zf: mnmohn isMG ny Bfrq aqy amrIkf nMU kudrqI-sfQI (nYcurl pfrtnrjL) dwisaf ikAuNik dovyN dysL vwzy jmhUrI dysL hn aqy KuwlI afriQkqf ivwc XkIn rwKdy hn. hux qF dihsLqvfd dovF dysLF df sFJf dusLmx vI bx igaf hY.

          Auh vI idn sn jd Bfrq pfiksqfn dI KuPIaf eyjMsI vwloN ksLmIr ivwc lVI jf rhI prOksI-vfr ( lukvIN jMg) bfry hfl duhfeI pfieaf krdf sI pr amrIkf smyq sfry pwCmI dysL Gysl vwtI rwKdy sn aqy awj Eh idn vI af igaf hY jd Gysl vwtI rwKx vfly afp dunIaF nMU dihsLqvfd iKlfPL lVn vfsqy lfmbMd krn qury hoey hn.  pfiksqfn dI Bfrq iKlfPL lukvIN jMg ksLmIr qwk hI sImq nhIN sI aqy nf hI awj hY, ieh pMjfb ivwc 15 ku sfl qbfhI mcf cuwkI hY aqy Dur dUr pUrbI rfjF qwk mfr kr cuwkI hY.

          awj Bfrq aqy amrIkf dy sFJy kwtVpMQI dusLmx, pfiksqfn dy mdrwisaF ivwc kwtVqf df sbk pVHdy hn aqy pfiksqfn qy aPLgfinsqfn `c gupq ZMg nfl cwl rhy isKlfeI kyNdrF ivwc hiQafrF dI isiKaf pRfpq krdy hn. pfiksqfn ivwc jnrl musLwrPL dI POjI srkfr nMU ieslfimk kwtVvfd qoN lgfqfr vwzIaF cxOqIaF df sfhmxf krnf pY irhf hY aqy ieh iksy vkq vI dihsLqgrdF dI pUrI mfr ivwc af skdI hY. pfik POj, KuPIaf eyjMsIaF aqy aPLsrsLfhI ivwc ieslfimk kwtVvfd dy hmfieqI vwzI igxqI ivwc bYTy hn aqy jnrl musLwrPL `qy keI Gfqk hmly ho cuwky hn.  vfisLMgtn ivwc bolidaF zf: mnmohn isMG ny ies Kqry vwl iesLfrf kridaF ikhf sI ik jy ieslfimk kwtVpMQI pfiksqfn `c swqf hiQaf lYNdy hn aqy pfiksqfn dy pRmfx hiQafrF `qy kbjLf kr lYNdy hn qF ieh sLFqI aqy surwiKaf leI bhuq hI Kqrnfk hovygf. ies Kqry qoN amrIkf smyq pwCmI jgq vI BlIBFq jfxU hY aqy eysy kfrn hI awj jnrl musLwrPL qfkq ivwc bxy hoey hn.

          pihly drjy dI afE-Bgq qoN ielfvf zf: mnmohn isMG dI amrIkf PyrI dI swB qoN mhwqvpUrn Gtnf amrIkf vwloN Bfrq nMU pRmfxU qfkq pRvfn kr ilaf jfxf hY. sMn 1974 ivwc imsjL gFDI dy rfjkfl dOrfn Bfrq vwloN kIqf igaf pihlf aYtmI qjrbf amrIkf nMU lV hI igaf sI aqy amrIkf-kYnyzf smyq sfry pwCmI dysLF ny Bfrq nfl pRmfxU aqy aqy hor AuWc qknIkI sihXog bMd kr idwqf sI.  80ivaF ivwc sovIaq rUs dy aPLgfinsqfn ivwc AulJ jfx df lfB AuTf ky pfiksqfn ny afpxf pRmfxU pRogrfm kfmXfbI nfl clf ilaf sI ijs qoN Bfrq nMU hor Kqrf pYdf ho igaf sI. sMn 1998 ivwc pihlF Bfrq aqy 20 ku idnF bfad pfiksqfn vloN juvfbI pRmfxU Dmfky krn qoN bfad amrIkf ny Bfrq nfl qknIkI sihXog pUrI qrF bMd kr idwqf sI.

          zf: mnmohn isMG dI PyrI dOrfn amrIkf ny Bfrq nfl qknIkI aqy pRmfxU sihXog `qy lfeIaF sfrIaF pfbMdIaF AuTf leIaF hn aqy rwiKaf Kyqr ivwc pUrf sihXog krn dI gwl kIqI hY. vD rhy ieslfimk kwtVvfd qoN ielfvf amrIkf nMU afriQk aqy POjI qOr `qy qfkqvr ho rhy cIn dI icMqf vI lwgI hoeI hY aqy amrIkf cIn nfl qvfjLun kfiem rwKx vfsqy Bfrq nfl nyVqf cfhuMdf hY. iekwlf amrIkf hI nhIN amrIkf df sihXogI jpfn vI cIn dI vD rhI qfkq qoN icMquq hY aqy jpfn vI Bfrq nfl afriQk sihXog vDf irhf hY.                              

            cIn ajy vI iek pfrtI injfm hyT hY aqy nyV BivK ivwc cIn ivwc jmhUrIaq dy afgfjL dy koeI afsfr dunIaF nMU njLr nhIN af rhy. dunIaF nMU ieh zr vI bixaF hoieaf hY ik jd kdy vI cIn ivwc ajyhI qbdIlI (jmhUrI qbdIlI) afeI qF ieh sLurU ivwc asiQrqf nMU vI jnm dy skdI hY. eys ielfkfeI siQrqf aqy qvfjLun vfsqy Bfrq amrIkf smyq jmhUrI dysLF df kudrqI sfQI hY.

          bIqy 12-13 sflF ivwc Bfrq vwloN afriQk Kyqr ivwc kIqI geI qrwkI vI amrIkf smyq pwCmI dysLF leI iKc df krn hY. sMn 1990-91 dOrn Bfrq nMU sKLq afriQk sMkt df sfhmxf  krnf ipaf sI. ies smyN dOrfn Bfrq kol ivdysLI krjLy dIaF iksLqF dI adfiegI leI vI ivdysLI mudrf nhIN sI aqy afriQkqf leI loVINdf qyl vgYrf KrIdxf vI musLkl ho igaf sI. awj mfrc 31 sMn 2005 dy aMkiVaF muqfibk Bfrq isr ivdysLI krjLf 123[3 iblIan amrIkn zflr dy brfbr hY jd ik ivdysLI mudrf df BMzfr ies qoN 18[2 iblIan zflr vwD hY jo ik ivdysLI krjLy df 115% bxdf hY. pRgqIsLIl dysLF ivwc cIn qoN bfad Bfrq dUjf ajyhf dysL bx igaf hY jo afpxf ivdysLI krjLf iewko smyN adf krn dy Xog ho igaf hY.

          awj BfvyN Bfrq dunIaF dy 10 swB qoN vwD krjLfeI dysLF ivwc iewk hY pr dysL df kul krjLf dysL dI slfnf jI[zI[pI (gros zomYsitk prfzkt) df 17[5% hY jo ik ishqmMd mMinaF jFdf hY. iqMn sfl pihlF ieh jI[zI[pI[ df 21% sI aqy ies ivwc lgfqfr suDfr ho irhf hY.  Bfrq dI ies qrwkI ivwc dysL dI Kuwl rhI afriQkqf df vwzf ihwsf hY ijs dy zf: isMG jnmdfqf mMny jFdy hn.  zf: isMG ny ies vfsqy amrIkf dIaF hfeI-tYk kMpnIaF nMU vI sihXogI dwisaf hY ijhnF dI afAUt-sorisMg kfrn Bfrq ivwc hfeI-tYk kMipAUtr sfPt-vyar Kyqr ny qrwkI kIqI hY. awj amrIkf dIaF kuwl 500 dy krIb vwzIaF kMpnIaF ivwcoN 400 iksy nf iksy rUp ivwc Bfrq ivwc afpxIaF sLfKfvF kfiem kr cuwkIaF hn.

          Bfrq ivwc ivroDI iDr ny zf: isMG vwloN amrIkf nfl kIqy gey pRmfxU sihXog bfry kuJ ikMqU-pRMqU kIqf hY jo aksr ivroDI iDrF krdIaF hI hn.  ivroDI iDr dy afgU sRI vfjpfeI nMU KdsLf hY ik amrIkf nfl hoey ies smJOqy nfl Bfrq nMU afpxf POjI pRmfxU pRogrfm aqy isvl pRmfxU pRogrfm vwK vwK krny pY skdy hn. kYnyzf smyq amrIkf dy sihXogI dysLF ny vI Bfrq qoN aYn[ pI[ tI[ (inAUklIar nfn pilPrysLn) `qy dsqKq krvfey jfx qoN ibnF hI pRmfxU sihXog krn `qy nf-KusLI df iejLhfr kIqf hY. ieh sMDI pRmfxU qknIk dy apsfr nMU rokx leI kIqI geI hY aqy dunIaF dy 180 dysL ies `qy dsqKq kr cuwky hn pr Bfrq ny ajyhf krn qoN ieh kihMidaf ienkfr kIqf hoieaf hY ik ies nfl Bfrq dy kOmI ihwqF nMU nuksfn puwjdf hY. ikAuNik dysL pRmfxU Kyqr ivwc azvFs Koj df hwk guaf bYTdf hY ijs nfl POjI aqy isvl ihwqF nMU kurbfn krnf pYNdf hY. amrIkf ny Bfrq nfl aYn[pI[tI[ `qy smJOqy `qy dsqKq krn dI sLrq qoN ibnF pRmfxU sihXog krn df afgfjL kr ky Bfrq dy pwK aqy hwk nMU svIkfr kr ilaf hY.

          ajy do hPLqy pihlF hI zf; mnmohn isMG brqfnIaF ivwc jI-8 dysLF dy isKr smyln ivwc ihwsf lY ky prqy hn ijwQy Bfrq nMU ivsLysL mihmfn vjoN bulfieaf igaf sI. sMXukq rfsLtr surwiKaf pRIsLd dy sMBfvI ivsQfr ivwc vI Bfrq df nfm nvyN sulJfey jf rhy sQfeI mYNbrF dI ilst dy isKr `qy mMinaF jFdf hY. ishq syvfvF dI kmI, idhfqI pCVypx, ividaf, sLihrI shUlqF dI kmI aqy grIbI nfl juJ irhf Bfrq kul imlf ky dunIaF Br ivwc pRBfvI huMdf jf irhf ijs `qy hr Bfrq drdI nMU mfx hoxf cfhIdf hY.

 

hux qwk KLbrnfmf dI vYWb sfeIt nUM pfTk vyK cuwky hn

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