www.khabarnama.com  {Punjabi Newspaper Khabarnama Toronto} email: editor@khabarnama.com 


 

ਅਖ਼ਬਾਰ ਪੜ੍ਹਨ ਲਈ ਪੰਜਾਬੀ  ਫਾਂਟ ਇੱਥੋਂ ਡਾਊਂਨਲੋਡ ਕਰ

 

 

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kIrqn 'coN mrdfny dI jlfvqnI

dunIaF Br dIaF sLfndfr Dfrimk aqy isafsI lihrF df ieh duKFq hY ik afKLr Auh 'kwtVpMQIaF' dy Zhy jf cVHdIaF hn ijhVy AunHF lihrF dIaF mfxmwqIaF rvfieqF, KLUbIaF, aqy asUlF nUM vlUMDr ky, AunHF df hulIaf hI ivgfV sutdy ny. qy kihr dI gwl ieh hY ik ikAuNik kwtVpMQIey lok, ienHF lihrF pRqI "aMnHIN" sLrDf df 'jlOameI' idKfvf krdy hn, ies leI afm lok ienHF dy 'kwtVpMQIey' ikrdfr nUM prvfn krn lwg jFdy hn. isafxy lok ienHF dy kwtVvfd awgy inwsl ho ky rih jFdy hn aqy ieh sLfndfr lihrF ienHF kwtVF dy hwQF 'c, lgfqfr inGfr vwl vDI jFdIaF ny. imsfl dy qOr 'qy sRI lMkf 'c vsdy boDIaF vwl hI dyK lvo: buwD Drm qF kIVI nUM mfrn qoN vI vrjdf hY, qy Bfrq dy kilMgf ielfky nUM lhU 'c gVuwc krn vflf asLok rfjf jdoN boDI bixaF, qF AuWbldy pfxI qoN brPLIlI ndI 'c vt igaf sI. mgr sRI lMkf 'c qfimlF dI awqvfdI lihr nUM kuclx lwigaF, sRI lMkf dI boDI srkfr ny iewk qrFH nfl asLok rfjy dI kilMgf df ieiqhfs hI duhrfa mfiraf. dUsry pfsy amn sLFqI dy iCwty mfrdI "gIqf" dy sLlokF df pfT rtdy, qfmlI dihsLqgrdF ny bIqy iqMn dhfikaF 'c lhU 'c qfrIaF hI lfeIaF hn. sRI lMkf 'c buwD df sLfqI df PlsPf qy 'gIqf' df amn df sMdysL lhU 'c zuwibaf ipaf hY. ievyN hI bfeIbl 'coN rwb df muhwbqI sMdysL vrqfAuNdf eIsfeI mwq jdoN 'ihtlr' vrgy vihsLI dy hwQF 'c Ps igaf qF Aus ny XhUdIaF nUM inMbUaF vFg incoV mfiraf. hux jLrf ieslfm 'qy ingfH mfr ky dyKIey: iksy isafxy muslmfn nfl vfrqf kr ky dyK lvo, qF Auh iehI khygf ik kurfn-sLrIPL qF mrn-mfrn df nfm vI nhIN lYNdI aqy srbwq lokfeI nUM ipafr df pYgfm dyNdI hY pr muslmfnF df ieiqhfs ieh dsdf hY ik kurfn AuWqy jdoN aOrMgjLyb aqy awj dy qfilbfn df kbjLf ho igaf qF KUn dIaF hnyrIaf nfl smfj nUM vrol idwqf igaf.

qy jdoN srbwq sMsfr nUM iewko rwb df nUr kihx vfly iswwK PLlsPLy dy ieiqhfs AuWqy Jfq mfrdy hF qF hfl ieWQy vI dUijaF DrmF vflf hI lBdf hY. jdoN qoN iswK PlsPLf byeImfn isafsqdfnF aqy kwtVpMQIaF dy kbjLy 'c afieaf hY, AudoN qoN ies dI srbwq sMsfr nUM klfvy 'c lYx vflI  sLfndfr rvfieq df Gfx hoeI jf irhf hY. imsfl dy qOr 'qy bIqy cfr pMj dhfikaF qoN bfbf nfnk aqy sfrI gurbfxI dy mnuwKvfdI njLrIey nUM iqlFjlI dy ky, sfrf jLor bfhrI srUp nUM krVf krn aqy "mrXfdf" dyy nfm hyT, gurUaF vwloN inkfrIaF PLjLUl rsmF nUM hI "Drm" dy qOr 'qy prcfrn AuWpr lfieaf jf irhf hY. awj hfl ieh hY ik gurbfxI dI mnuwKvfdI iswiKaf nUM 'aml' ivwc ilafAux df 'aml' qF ikqy njLr nhIN afAuNdf pr guru gRMQ sfihb nUM iewk buwq vFg pUjI jfx vflf kMm pUrI qyjLI nfl cwlI jf irhf hY. kwtVvfdIaF ny, aMimRq Cwkx nUM hI "KLflsf" hox nfl joV idwqf hY jdoN ik gurU sfihbfn df ieiqhfs ies gwl dI gvfhI nhIN dyNdf. sfzy sfhmxy msLhUr iswK ieiqhfskfr gMzf isMG vwloN sMpfdq guru sfihbfn dy hukmnfimaF dI iewk ikqfb peI hY, Aus ivwc dsvyN gurU sfihb vwloN afpxy syvkF nUM ilKIaF icwTIaF (hukmnfmy) dIaF qsvIrF drj hn. ieiqhfs muqfbk dsvyN gurU jI ny aMimRq CkfAux dI rIq 1699 eIsvI 'c ivsfKI vfly idn sLurU kIqI, pr gurU jI dy ienHF hukmnfimaF 'c gurU goibMd isMG jI vwloN 6 PrvrI 1702 nUM jfrI kIqy do hukmnfmy vI sLfml hn ijhVy AunHf ny BfeI imhr cMd, Drm cMd, krm cMd nUM aqy BfeI ibRMdf gulflcMd nUM Byjy. (hvfly leI ies ikqfb dy sPf 172 aqy 175 nUM pVHo). ienHF hukmnfimaF muqfbk qF gurU jI afpxy hwQ nfl "BfeI imhr cMd, Drm cMd, krm cMd nUM aqy BfeI ibRMdf gulflcMd" nUM vI 'qusIN myrf KLflsf ho' ilKdy hn. gurU jI dy ienHf syvkF dy nfvF nfl lgdy 'cMd' qoN ieh iswD huMdf hY ik ienF syvkF ny 1702 ivwc BfvyN aMimRq nhIN sI Cwikaf qd vI gurU jI dI njLr ivwc Auh cMgy amlF kfrn 'KLflsf' hI sn. pr sfzy qKLqF dy mOjUdf aqy sfbkf jwQydfr, Dfrimk nyqf, aqy hor hr inwkf vwzf rfgI kIrqnIaF qy kQfvfck isrPL aMimRq Dfrn krn nUM hI KLflsf hox dI sLrq drsfeI jf irhf hY. hux sfnMU ieh smJ nhIN af rhI ik "KLflsf" dI pRBfsLf leI gurU jI dI hwQ-ilKq nUM mMnIeyN jF awj dy kwtVpMQIaF nUM. iehI hI nhIN, iesy ikqfb ivwc gurU jI dIaF do pqnIaF 'mfqf sihb dyvI' aqy 'mfqf suMdrI' jI dy 18 hukmnfmy vI sLfml hn ijhVy ik AunHF ny 1717 qoN 1734 qIk ilKy. ienHF hukmnfimaF ivwc AunHF df nfm 'mfqf sfihb dyvI' aqy 'mfqf suMdrI' hI imldf hY nf ik mfqf sfihb 'kOr' jF mfqf suMdr 'kOr'. ies qoN vI iehI jLfhr huMdf hY ik dovyN mfqfvF ny aMimRq pfx kr ky afpxy afp nUM 'kOr' nhIN sI bxfieaf. hux afpxy nfm nfl 'isMG' aqy 'kOr' lfAux nUM hI aslI iswKI pRcfrn vfly sfzy awj dy kwtVpMQIey kI ieh dwsx dI ikrpf krngy ik ienHF dI pRBfsLf muqfibk dovyN mfqfvF "Kflsf" khfAux dIaF hwkdfr hn ik nhIN?

kwtVF vwloN iswK pRMprfvF ivwc ivgfV pfAux dIaF vYsy qF hor vI anykF imsflF sfzy sfhmxy peIaF hn, pRMqU bIqy idnIN aKLbfrF ivwc ieh KLbrF pRkfsLq hoeIaF hn ik pfiksqfn ivwc rih gey nnkfxf sfihb gurdvfry ivwc bfkfiedf kIrqn krdy af rhy muslmfn kIrqnIaF nUM drbfr sfihb aMimRqsr ivwc kIrqn krn dI iejfjLq sLRomxI kmytI ny nhIN idwqI. ieQy ieh hvflf dyxf vI jLrUrI hY ik ieh kIrqnIeyN, sfrI Aumr gurU nfnk sfihb dy aMg-sMg rhy BfeI mrdfny dI aOlfd hn aqy ieh dfavf vI krdy hn ik pfiksqfn bxn qoN bfad vI Auh iesy drbfr sfihb ivwc kIrqn dI syvf inBfAuNdy rhy hn.

gurU nfnk iewk phuMcy hoey PkIr sn ijnHF dI njLr ivwc nf koeI ihMdU sI qy nf muslmfn, Auh qF swcy amlF dy hI pfrKU sn. sfKIaF muqfibk gurU jI jdoN bfxI rcdy sn qF mrdfnf Aus bfxI nUM rbfb dI sMgq dyNdf sI. gurU jI dIaF cfrF AudfsIaF dy hjLfrF mIlF dy pYdl sPLr dOrfn mrdfnf AunFH dy nfl nfl ivciraf. Auh iekwTy hI qurdy, iekwTy hI arfm krdy aqy iekwTy hI KFdy pINdy hoxgy. ieh nhIN ho skdf ik mrdfnf afpxf Bojn awz iqafr krdf hovygf aqy gurU jI awz. ieh vI hkIkq hY ik mrdfnf sfrI Aumr muslmfn hI irhf. hYrfnI vflI gwl ieh hY ik mrdfnf qF iewk muslmfn ho ky vI gurU sfihb dI bfxI df kIrqn kr skdf hY, BfeI imhr cMd, Drm cMd, krm cMd aqy BfeI ibRMdf gulflcMd gYr-aMimRDfrI huMidaF vI gurU goibMd isMG sfihb dI ilKq ivwc 'KLflsf' hn, aqy gurU goibMd isMG jI dIaF pqnIaF gurU jI dy joqI-joq smfAux qoN vIh sfl bfad qIk vI gYr-aMimRDfrI hox dy bfvjUd 'Kflsf' df aMg ho skdIaf hn, pr sfzy awj dy kwtVpMQI iswK nyqf AunFH sLrDfvfn muslmfnF nUM drbfr sfihb ivwc kIqrn krn dI iejfjLq nhIN dy rhy ijnHF ny sfrI Aumr nnkfxf sfihb dy gurdvfry ivwc kIrqn kIqf. hfsohIxI gwl ieh hY ik gurdvfiraF dIaF kurkIaF krfAux vfly lok qF ibnf rok-tok gurdvfiraF dIaF styjF AuWqy DUaFDfr pRcfr kr skdy hn, DI dI kiQq kfql hox df mukdmf Bugq rhI iewk bIbI iswKF dI srv-AuWc sMsQf dI pRDfn ho skdI hY, nUMh dy kql ivwc pysLIaF Bugqdf iewk ivakqI iewk qKLq df jwQydfr rih skdf hY, qy kroVF dIaF TwgIaF mfrn vfly swucy-JUTy sLRomxI kmytI dy mYNbr bx skdy hn, pr gurU dI sLrDf ivwc gVuwc iksy "gYr-iswK" jF "gYr-aMimRqDfrI" iswK nUM kIrqn krn dI iejfjLq nhIN. sfzy Dfrimk nyqf iewk pfsy qF drbfr sfihb dy cfr drvfijLaF dI ivafiKaf hr Drm, hr kOm leI KulHy hox dy qOr 'qy bVy PKLr nfl krdy hn, pr dUsry pfsy sLrDfvfn muslmfnF nUM isrPL ies leI hI kIrqn krn dI afigaf nhIN dy rhy ikAuNik ieh kIrqnIeyN 'aMimRDfrI' nhIN. ieiqhfs muqfbk ieh aMdfjLf lgdf hY ik guUr jI dIaF pqnIaF ny aMimRq pfx nhIN sI kiraf; awj dy jLmfny 'c muslmfnF aqy gYr-aMimRqDfrIaF nUM kIrqn qoN mnfhI dy hukm cfVHn vfly iehI nyqf agr 1720 qoN 1721 dOrfn drbfr sfihb dI kmytI 'qy kfbjL huMdy qF kI ieh gurU jI dIaF do pqnIaF nUM vI drbfr sfihb ivwc kIqrn krn qoN mnfhI krdy?

vYsy qF kwtVvfdIaf ny iswKI 'coN inrmly, AudfsI, aqy hor anykF sMprdfvF nUM byirhmI nfl CFgxF jfrI rwiKaf hoieaf hY, mgr mrdfny dy vMsL ivwcoN afey sLrDflU muslmfnF nUM kIrqn qoN mnfhI kr ky, sfzy awj dy Dfrimk afgUaF ny bfby nfnk dy Aumr-Br sfQI rhy BfeI mrdfny nUM hI kIrqn qoN jlfvqn krn vrgf aml kIqf hY. ies 'aml' nfl isafsI KudgrjLIaF dI BrpUr pUrqI qF ho skdI hY, pr bfbf nfnk dIaf KusLIaf pRfpq nhIN ho skdIaf.\

 -iekbfl rfmUvflIaf

(not: gurU sfihbfn dy hukmnfimaF dI ikqfb gMzf isMG ny sMpfdn kIqI hY aqy pMjfbI XUnIvristI pitaflf ny CfpI hY. ieh ikqfb trFto dy keI gurdvfiraF 'c imldI hY.)

hux qwk KLbrnfmf dI vYWb sfeIt nUM pfTk vyK cuwky hn

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