www.khabarnama.com  {Punjabi Newspaper Khabarnama Toronto} email: editor@khabarnama.com 


 

ਅਖ਼ਬਾਰ ਪੜ੍ਹਨ ਲਈ ਪੰਜਾਬੀ  ਫਾਂਟ ਇੱਥੋਂ ਡਾਊਂਨਲੋਡ ਕਰ

 

 

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hPLqfvfrI sMpfdkI lyK


bfrUd dy Zyr `qy bYTf hY pfiksqfn!

          pfiksqfn ivwc EhI Bfxf vfpiraf hY ijs df bhuqy ivsLlysLkF nMU zr sI. awT ku sfl dy ivdysLvfs ivwc rihx qoN bfad 18 akqUbr 2007 nMU pfiksqfn prqx qoN pihlF bIbI Buwto ny Kud afp ieh KLqsLf jLfhr kIqf sI ik al kfiedf dI kmFz hyT jQybMd ho cuwkf ieslfimk kwtVpMQIaF aqy dihsLqgrdF df muhfjL Aus df kql kr skdf hY. bIbI ny ieh vI afiKaf sI ik Auh ijLMdgI df irsk lYx vfsqy iqafr ho ky afeI hY aqy Aus ny afpxy pirvfr nMU ies bfry agfh kr idwqf hY. akqUbr 18 nMU hI jd bIbI ny pfiksqfn dI DrqI `qy pYr rwiKaf sI qF ijwQy hjLfrF smrQkF df iekwT Aus df svfgq krn vfsqy iekwTf hoieaf sI AuWQy ‘mOq dy sOdfgr’ vI pUrI qrF iqafr ho ky afey sfn. sKq surwiKaf nMU cIridaF afqmGfqI bIbI dy bultprUPL vfhn qwk phuMc gey sn. ies afqmGfqI hmly ivwc bIbI Buto qF bc geI sI pr Aus dy 140 dy krIb smrQk mOq dy mUMh jf pey sn aqy 500 dy krIb jLKLmI ho gey sn.

          18 akqUbr nMU dihsLLqgrd qfkqF jo krfcI ivwc krn ivwc asPLl rhIaF sn AuhnF Auh kuJ 27 dsMbr nMU rfvlipMzI ivwc kr ivKfieaf hY. BfvyN ajy ies afqmGfqI hmly dI bhuqI qPsIl afAuxI bfkI hY aqy ies dI mukMml qPqIsL nMU qF hor vI vkq lwgygf pr iek gwl spsLt hY ik ieh AuhnF qfkqF df kfrf hY jo ieslfimk kwtVvfd aqy dihsLqvfd nMU hI afpxf Drm smJdIaF hn. pfiksqfn pIpljL pfrtI dy kuJ afgUaF ny pfiksqfn dy pRDfn musLrwPL aqy srkfr vwl vI AuNgl AuTfeI hY pr aslIaq ies dy nyVy hY ik pfik srkfr, POj, surwiKaf qMqr aqy KuPIaf qMqr ivwc kwtVpMQIaF df cMgf bolbflf hY aqy Auh srkfr aMdr srkfr vFg kMm kr rhy hn. iehI kfrn hY ik ajy qwk qfilbfn kwtVpMQI aPLgfinsqfn ivwc brfbr dI twkr dy rhy hn qy Esfmf 2001 qoN hux qF nf PiVaf jf sikaf hY aqy nf dunIaF Br dIaF POjI qfkqF dy hwQ lwgf hY. musLrwPL qfkq ivwc huMdf hoieaf vI sLfied eynf byvws hY ik Auh BUto vFg Kud kdy vI kwtVpMQIaF dI dfVH hyT af skdf hY aqy surwiKaq nvfjL sLrIPL nhIN hY.

          pfiksqfn ivwc awj ijs hwd qwk kwtVpMQIaF dI qUqI boldI hY Aus df mukblf krn vfsqy pfiksqnI afgUaF nMU koeI sFJf muhfjL kfiem kr ky PYslfkun lVfeI lVnI pvygI aqy AuhnF nMU ies kMm vfsqy dunIaF Br dIaF jmhUrI qfkqF dI mdd dI loV pvygI. awj hflq ieh hY ik dunIaF qF ieh swB kuJ vyK qy smJ rhI hY aqy mdd vfsqy iqafr vI bYTI hY pr pfiksqfnI afgUaF ivwc afpsI ieksurqf aqy sFJ dI Gft hY. ajy vI pfiksqfnI afgU dihsLqvfd nfl iswDI twkr lYx qoN kqrf rhy hn aqy hAU pry kr ky sfrnf cfhuMdy hn. hAU pry nfl ieh mfmlf nijwiTaf jfx vflf nhIN hY.

          keI vfr cyqfvnIaF dyx dy bfvjUd ajy qwk pfik srkfr dysL ivwc hjLfrF mdrwsy kfbU nhIN kr skI ijhnF ivwc inwq kwtVvfd dI pnIrI iqafr kIqI jFdI hY.  ies mfmly ivwc pfiksqfn iekwlf nhIN hY Bfrq aqy bMglf dysL smyq bhuq sfry musilm abfdI vfly dysL hn ijhnF ivwc mdrwsy iksLor Aumr dy bwicaF nMU ieslfimk kwtVvfd dI ipAuNd cfVH rhy hn. ies kMm vfsqy sfAUdI arb vrgy amIr ieslfimk dysL moty PMz idMdy hn aqy Bfrq vrgy dysL ivwc kwtVvfdI mdrwisaF vfsqy srkfrI grFtf vI lYx ivwc kfmXfb ho jFdy hn. ieh vwKrI gwl hY ik BfrqI  mdrwsy ajy bhuqy pfiksqfnI mdrwisaF ijMny KLqrnfk nhIN hn pr mfmlf Esy pfsy vl vD irhf hY.

          dunIaF dy kuJ dysL ‘styt’ nMU Drm nfloN bhuq sUKLm pwDr qwk vwK krn ivwc ruJy hoey hn ijhnF ivwc bhuqy pwCmI XUrp dy dysL sLfml hn. PrFs vrgy dysL ivwc srkfrI skUlF ivwc Dfrimk icMnHF dI mnfhI ies ‘sYprysLn’ (Drm aqy styt nMU awz rwKx) dI iewCf df hI iswtf hY. dUjy pfsy Bfrq vrgy dysL hn jo ajy vI “hwj” vfsqy kroVF dIaF grFtF   idMdy hn aqy kuJ KyqrF ivwc msijd dy mOlvIaF nMU qnKfhF vI idMdy hn  ajoky smyN ivwc Drm aqy styt vwK vwK hn aqy ies `qy pUrf aml kIqf jfxf cfhIdf hY.

          duwK dI gwl hY ik kYnyzf vrgy dysL ivwc vI awj Dfrimk kwtVvfd afpxIaF jVF PYlfa irhf hY aqy rfsjI afgU votF Kfiqr awKF hI nhIN mIc rhy sgoN kwtVvfdIaF dy BfeIvfl vI bx rhy hn. vwK vwK DrmF nfl sbMDq kwtVvfdI aqy dihsLgrd gwTbMDn kYnyzf ivwc afpxy awzy bxf cuwky hn aqy ies bfry bhuq sfrIaF rportF vI afeIaF hn pr rfjsI afgU mcly hoey bYTy hn. kYnyzf dy rfjsI ZFcy ivwc kwtVvfdI smrQk afpxf aDfr bxf cuwky hn aqy ajyhf ruJfn BivK ivwc Kqrnfk sfbq ho skdf hY.

          bIbI Buwto dy kql bfry bhuq sfry ivsLlysLk ieh afKdy suxy gey hn ik bIbI ny surwiKaf nMU Kud njLraMdfjL kIqf sI ijs df iswtf dihsLqgrdF dI kfmXfbI ivwc inkilaf hY. rportF muqfibk afpxI cox rYlI qoN vfps prqidaF bIbI Buwto ny jd kuJ smrQk Aus dI jY jY kfr krdy vyKy qF Auh afpxy DImI rPLqfr nfl cldy bultprUPL vfhn ivwc bxfey JroKy `coN bfhr inkl afeI ijs nfl Aus dy srIr df awDf ku ihwsf golIaF dI mfr hyT af igaf aqy hmlfvrF nMU iehI cfhIdf sI ijhnF mOky df lfB AuTf ky pihlF golIaF dI vfCV kIqI aqy ipwCoN afqmGfqI Dmfkf kr idwqf. kihx nMU ieh bhuq suKflf hY ik afgU lok  afpxI inwjI surwiKaf vfsqy “kYd” ho ky rih jfx pr jmhUrI coxF lVn vfsqy ajyhf iksy hwd qwk hI sMBv ho skdf hY.

          pihlF hI asiQrqf dI pkV ivwc af cukf pfiksqfn bIbI Buwto dy kql qoN bfad hor vI dldl ivwc Ps igaf hY. coxF df aml ruk jfx dy afsfr bx gey hn aqy mrsLl lfa dI sMBfvnf vD geI hY. dysL ivwc KfnjMgI vflI hflq bx geI hY ijs ivwc kwtVpMQIaF dy BfrU hox df BYa pYdf ho igaf hY.

          pfiksqfn ivwc dihsLqgrdF smyq afm lokF kol mfrU hiQafrF dI bhuqfq hY aqy dysL dy aYtmI hiQafrF `qy vI kwtVpMQIaF dy awK ho skdI hY. kul imlf ky pfiksqfn bfrUd dy Zyr `qy bYTf njLr af irhf hY. BfrqI Ep mhFdIp aqy dunIaF dI sLFqI vfsqy pfiksqfn ivwc siQrqf, jmhUrIaq aqy KusLhflI jLrUrI hY. rwb KYr kry!

pIal mmorIal hspqfl nMU ‘kilink’ bxfAux dI pYNqVybfjLI qoN KLbrdfr!

 

          brYNptn dy bMd kIqy jf cwuky pIal mmorIal hspqfl nMU muV Kohly jfx dI mMg joLr PVdI jf rhI hY pr sUbf srkfr ny ajy qwk ies mfmly ivwc cuwp DfrI hoeI hY. ieh vwKrI gwl hY ik brYNptn isivk hspqfl ivwc syvfvF dy kiQq Ksqf imafr sbMDI lokF dy roh nMU vyKidaF suprvfeIjLr nfmjd kr idwqf igaf hY jo ik iek vDIaf kdm hY. “sYNtrl vYst lokl hYlQ ieMtIgrysLn nYtvrk” vloN pIal mmorIam dy BivK bfry lokF dI rfey jfnx vfsqy do pbilk mIitMgF krn df aYlfn kIqf igaf hY jo ik jnvrI 9 aqy 17 nMU ho rhIaF hn.

          28 akqUbr 2007 nMU nvF hspqfl Kuwlx dy nfl hI bMd kr idwqf igaf pIal mmorIal hspqfl, rYnovysLn dy bhfny sfl 2010 qwk bMd rwKx df sUbf srkfr pihlF hI aYlfn kr cuwkI hY. ies rYnovysLn vfsqy 95 imlIan df cYWk vI sUbf srkfr dy ishq mMqrI ny coxF qoN pihlF dy dyx df ‘zrfmf’ ricaf sI. pihlF sUbf srkfr ieh afKdI rhI sI ik pIal mmorIal bMd hI nhIN kIqf jfvygf aqy iPr rYnovysLn vfsqy 95 imlIan df cYWk ivKfieaf igaf aqy ipwCoN muV Kohlx dI qrIk 2010 dI pf idwqI geI. hux lokF qoN ieh slfh mMgI jfvygI ik pIal mmorIal nMU iks kMm vfsqy Kohilaf jfvy. kmfl dI slfh mMgI  geI hY, iehnF nMU puwCx vflf hovy ik hspqfl iks kMm vfsqy huMdy hn? ijs kMm vfsqy hspqfl huMdy hn pIal mmorIal nMU Es kMm vfsqy Koilaf jfvy aqy Kohilaf vI jldI jfvy. lokF vl ajyhy lwCydfr ivcfr suwty gey hn ik ies nMU mYtrntI bxfieaf jfvy, lFg trm kyar vfsqy jF aYmrjMsI leI vriqaf jfvy. iehnF df afsLf ies hspqfl nMU lMbf smF bMd rwKx qoN bfad “lMgVf” hspqfl bxfAux df jfpdf hY qF ik brYNptn isivk qoN pI-3 (pRfeIvyt ihwsydfr) vwD qoN vwD mlfLeI lfh sky. brYNptn vfsIaF nMU abfdI dy ilhfjL nfl do pUry hspqfl cfhIdy hn, ieh vwK vwK KyqrF ivwc muhfrq (spYslfeIjL) qF rwK skdy hn. pIal mmorIal hspqfl nMU ‘kilnk’ bxf dyx dI pYNqVybfjLI qoN KLbrdfr rihxf cfhIdf hY.                            -blrfj idEl

 


tYksF dI mfr aqy dbky!

          isafsI afgU tYksF ivwc vfDf afpxf jwdI pusLqI hwk smJ ky krdy hn. lokF dI lhU-psIny dI kmfeI df Dn tYksF dy rUp ivwc iekwTf kr ky Krc krn smyN jo lfpRvfhI vrqI jFdI hY Aus dI Jlk keI vfr afzItr jnrl dIaF rportF ivwcoN imldI hY. subfeI aqy PYzrl srkfrF bfry qF ajyhIaF rportF aksr sfl ivwc iek vfr pVHn sunx nMU iml jFdIaF hn pr sLihrI srkfrF dI kfrgujLfrI bfry ajyhf kuJ nhIN huMdf. hr sLihr (imAuNspltI) dI srkfr jF rIjnl srkfr tYksF dI vrqoN ikvyN krdI hY, ieh ikAuNik iksy iek Kfs Kyqr jF sLihr df mfmlf huMdf hY ies leI ies dI crcf afm mIzIey ivwc nhIN huMdI. jy huMdI hY qF lokl iksm dy aKLbfrF ivwc huMdI hY jo ik Kud afpxy sLihr dI srkfr dy gulfmF vrgy hI huMdy hn. ‘rotIaF kfrn pUry qfil’ df ihsfb iehnF lokl aKLbrF nMU nflo nfl krnf pYNdf hY nhIN qF myar aqy istI kONsl iesLiqhfrF qoN juvfb dy ky sbMDq aKLbfr df hukf-pfxI qurMq bMd kr skdy hn.

          ipCly kuJ mhIinaF vwl JfqI mfrIey qF ivKfeI idMdf hY ik torFto dI sLihrI srkfr ny lokF `qy tYksF df kuhfVf clfieaf hY. pRfprtI tYks qF vDfAuxf hI sI nfl hor nvF lYNz tRFsPr tYks aqy vhIkl rijstrysLn tYks vI lgf idwqf hY. jy syvfvF vwl JfqI mfro qF syvfvF lgfqfr GtfeIaF jf rhIaF hn. kdy gfrbyj cukx `qy bYgF dI hwd lgfeI jFdI hY aqy koeI hor kt lgfeI jFdI hY. vwzIaF sVkF nMU Cwz ky Gfh kwtx aqy brPL htfAux vrgIaF syvfvF vI qokV mwJ dI Dfr vrgIaF huMdIaF jf rhIaF hn.

          torFto dy nfl hI imsIsfgf dI kONsl ny vI pRfprtI tYks ivwc 10% df vfDf kr idwqf hY. aKy sLihr df Krcf vD igaf hY pqf nhIN  ieh Krcf 10% dI rPLqfr nfl ikAuN viDaf hY aqy sLihr dy ho rhy ivsQfr nfl afmdn ikAuN nhIN vD rhI jF pUrI ikAuN nhIN Auqr rhI?

          iPr vfrI afeI brYNptn dI aqy Gwt iehnF vI nhIN kIqI, krn vI ikAuN bhfny iehnF kol ikhVf bfkIaF nfloN Gwt hn. tYks vfDf 4[5% dy brfbr dwisaf igaf hY pr asl pqf sLihrIaF nMU Es vyly hI lwgygf jd pRfprtI tYks df ibl myl bfks ivcoN Jfkx lwg jfvygf.  tYks vfDf ikhVf iksy iswDy PfrmUly nfl kIqf jFdf hY ijs df afm afdmI nMU asfnI nfl smJ pY jfvy. ieh iek gorK DMdf hY ijs df asl mMqv lokF dI awKF ivwc Gwtf pf ky jybF KflI krnf huMdf hY. tYks dy ryt ivwc vfDf vwKrf aqy pRftprtI dI kImq ivwc vfDf ivKf ky asYsmYNt ivwc vfDf vwKrf huMdf hY. istI tYksF ivwc vfDf do DfrI qlvfr vFg huMdf hY jo cIrdf hI jFdf hY pr axjfx sLihrI aprysLn rUm ivwc byhosL kIqy mrIjL vFg cupcfp pey rihMdy hn.

          brYNptn aqy imsIsfgf, dovyN sLihr hI ‘pIal rIjn’ df ihwsf hn  aqy hux pIal rIjn dI srkfr ny afpxf tYks vfDf Tok idwqf hY jo sfry pIal rIjn dy sLihrIaF `qy lwgxf hY. pIal rIjn ny afpxf vfDf 4[3% mukrr kIqf hY aqy ies dy AuWqy dI pfxI tYks hor 9% lgf idwqf hY. pfxI `qy tYks awgy jf ky hor dUhrI mfr krdf hY jd iek gYlx pfxI vrqx `qy jo kImq dyxI pYNdI hY Aus dy nfl hI awDf gYlx gMdf pfxI Cwzx dI kImq nfl hI adf krnI pYNdI hY. torFto ny vI pfxI dI kImq vDfeI hY aqy hor nfl lgdy sLihrF ny vI pfxI aqy pRfprtI tYksF ivwc Gwt nhIN gujLfrI.

          sUby dI ilbrl srkfr ny afpxy sfry vfady qoV ky 2004 ivwc tYksF ivwc BfrI vfDf kIqf sI aqy iehnF coxF ivwc lokF dI mfr qoN vI bc gey sn. hYlQ tYks lgf ky srkfr ny lokF dIaF jybF ivwc 2[6 iblIan zflr iKicaf hY pr lok ajy vI byKbr hI hn. hux ies hYlQ tYks df rIivAU hoxf hY ikAuNik mgYNtI sfihb ny hYlQ tYks lgfey jfx smyN ieh vfadf kIqf sI ik ieh tYks sKLq loV aqy bjt Gfty kfrn lgfieaf hY aqy bjt Gftf pUrf krn ipCoN rIivAU krky vfps lY lvFgy. pr hux ibafn afieaf hY ik rIivAU df vfadf qF pUrf hovygf pr tYks vfps lYx dI koeI sMBfvnf nhIN hY Bfv ies sfrf rIivAU Pokf hI hovygf.

          bhuq sflF ipwCoN PYzrl srkfr ny pihlI vfr tYksF ivwc ktOqI krn df hIaf kIqf hY aqy ies df ivroD AuhnF isafsI pfrtIaF vloN ho irhf hY ijhnF df pRogrfm tYksF ivwc lfgfqfr vfDf kr ky qjOrIaF Brn, aqy ies Dn nMU afpxy chyqy guwtF jF pRogrfmF `qy Krc ky votF KrIdx vflf hI irhf hY. lokF dy tYks dy DMn nfl lokF diaF votF KrdxIaF iek GtIaf iksm dI isafsq hY. ieh gwl hux sMsfr pwDR `qy sfbq ho cukI hY ik CotI srkfr hI vDIaf srkfr huMdI hY aqy iehI kfrn hY ik srkfrF afpxf kMm ‘afAUt-sors’ kr ky pYsf bcf rhIaF hn. srkfrI Kyqr dy adfiraF dI igxqI GtfeI jf rhI hY ijs nfl srkfrI kMmF ivwc kusLlqf af rhI hY. PYzrl srkfr ny jI[aYs[tI[ ivwc pihlF hI 1% dI ktOqI kIqI hoeI hY aqy hux agly sfl 1% hor ktOqI ho rhI hY. ies dy nfl hI afmdn tYksF ivwc vI ktOqI kIqI geI hY ijs nfl lokF `qy tYksF df boJ Gwto Gwt PYzrl srkfr vloN Gtfieaf jf irhf hY.

          torFto stfr ny bysmYNt apfrtmYNtF dy mfmly ivwc iek ivasqrq lyK pRkfsLq kIqf hY jo ik sQfnk pMjfbI BfeIcfry ivwc bhuq crcf df ivsLf bx igaf hY. ies ivwc kYlgrI sLihr dI istI kONsl vloN  mkfn mflkF nMU bysmYNt apfrtmYNt bxfAux vfsqy 25 hjLfr zflr dI sbiszI idwqy jfx nMU aDfr bxfieaf igaf hY. kfrn kYlgrI ivwc jfbF dI bhuqfq kfrn mkfnF dI kmI hY. lok DVf DV albrtf sUby vwl jf rhy hn aqy kYlgrI sLihr Kfs iKwc rKdf hY ijwQy ikrfey `qy apfrtmYNt Bflxf musLkl ho igaf hY. istI ny ieh Gftf pUrf krn vfsqy lokF nMU sbiszI dyx dI gwl kIqI hY jo ik jfiejL hY.

          ieDr brYptn dI myar nMU jd ies aDfr `qy bysmYNt apfrmYNtF dy kfnUMnIkrn dI sMBfvnf bfry puiCaf igaf qF bIbI ny 25 hjLfr dI sbiszI dyx QF bysmYNt apfrtmYNt (gYr-kfnUMnI) bxfAux vfilaF nMU 25 hjLfr jLurmfnf krn df dbkf mfr idwqf hY. jd ik istI kol 25 hjLfr df jLurmfnf krn df koeI bfeI-lfa nhIN hY. istI jLurmfnf kr skdf hY pr ieh 4-5 hjLfr zflr qwk hI hY pr bIbI ny afpxy dbky df Bfr vDfAux vfsqy ies dI rkm 25 hjLfr kr idwqI hY.

          iksy pRcwlq rIq kfrn pwCmI dysLF ivwc iksy vI sLihr dy myar nMU “ihjL vrisLp” jF jy aOrq hovy qF “hr-vrisLp” jLrUr ikhf jFdf hY pr asl ivwc ieh sLihrI hI hn jo ik hr srkfr dy asl ‘dfqy’ huMdy hn. sLihrI srkfrF dI afmdn df muwK sroq qF huMdf hI pRfprtI tYks hY ies srkfr dy sflm dfqy sLihrI hI huMdy hn jo votF aqy tYks do iksm df dfn idMdy hn ijs dy shfry koeI kONslr bxdf hY aqy koeI “ihjL vrisLp” jF “hr-vrisLp” bxdf hY. bIbI myar aqy Aus dI kONsl ny tYksF ivwc vfDf kr ilaf hY aqy hux ‘dbkf’ mfrn dI nObq vI af geI hY. cMgf huMdf jy bIbI myar lPLjLF dI cox sUKLmqf nfl krdI aqy pMj guxf jLurmfny dI DmkI dI QF bysmYNt apfrtmYNtF bxfAux dI afigaf dyx nMU sfdy lPLjLF ivwc tflL idMdI. brYNptn dy sLihrIaF aqy sQfnk mIzIey nMU bIbI dy ieh lPLjL Xfd rwKxy cfhIdy hn.

-blrfj idEl

 


suprvfeIjLr dI inXukqI shI idsLf vl iek kdm

          bIqy aYqvfr nMU  brYNptn ivwc hoey BrvyN ros mujLfhry qoN bfad  EntyrIE srkfr ny qurq kfrvfeI kridaF brYNptn isivk hspqfl `qy iek suprvfeIjLr nfmjd kr idwqf hY. inrsMdyh ieh lok ros dI ijwq hY aqy ies nMU Gtf ky nhIN vyiKaf jfxf cfhIdf. ijs ZMg nfl ieh ros mfrc hoieaf hY Aus qoN srkfr nMU pqf lwg igaf hY ik brYNptn dy lok ishq syvfvF qoN sMqusLt nhIN hn. iehI kfrn hY ik pRImIar mgYNtI ny ieh ikhf hY ik AuhnF nMU lokF df sunyhF iml igaf hY.  ieh EhI sunyhF hY ijs nMU kuJ lokF ny dwbx dIaF keI asPLl koisLsLF kIqIaF sn pr ieh dwibaf nhIN sI jf sikaf. ieh sunyhyN vI idwqy gey sn ik BfeIcfry dy afgU mujLhfry dy iKlfPL hn pr jd lokF df JukfE  mujLfhry vwl vyiKaf qF ies nMU pIs-rYlI afK ky kurfhy pfAux dy Xqn kIqy gey jo ik burI qrF asPLl rhy. ieh iek ros ivKfvf jF ros mfrc sI aqy srkfr dI smJ ivwc vI eysy qrF hI afieaf hY aqy aMgryjLI mIzIey ny vI ies nMU shI ZMg nfl hI ibafinaF hY.

          ies nMU ieh rMgq dyx dI vI koisLsL kIqI geI ik ieh hspqfl vfsqy hor PMz lY leI srkfr `qy dbfE pfAux vfsqy hI kIqf jf irhf hY aqy ies ivwc vI kuJ cfqur lok mfr hI Kf gey hn. ieh bhfnf vI lgfieaf igaf sI ik hspqfl dy iKlfPL mujLfhrf nf kro ikAuNik ies dy aMdr afpxy lok kMm krdy hn. hYrfnI ies gwl dI hY ik hspqfl dy iKLlfPL mujLfhrf krn df Auh lok vI ivroD kr rhy sn jo afp Dfrimk asQfnF dy iKlfPL vI mujLfhry krdy rhy hn.

          hspqfl leI kIqy gey PMz ryjL nMU vI iek Kfs ivcfrDfrf nfl joV ky pwKpfqI lfhf lYx dI koisLsL kIqI geI. eyar ieMzIaf bMb kFz dI cwl rhI qPqIsL ivwc vI PMzryjL nMU ieh afK ky GVIisaf igaf  ik ies nfl iswKF dI qsvIr sfPL hoeI hY. eyar ieMzIaf bMb kFz dI qPLqIsL sfry iswK BfeIcfry dy iKlfPL cwl rhI kfrvfeI nhIN hY ieh qF drasl iksy ivakqI ivsLysL dy vI iKLlfPL nhIN hY ijhf ik krImInl iksm dy adflqI kysF ivwc huMdf hY. ieh TIk hY ik ies bMb kFz vfsqy ijhnF `qy sLwk kIqf jFdf hY Auh iswK Drm nfl sbMDq dwsy jFdy hn aqy Gwto Gwt iek ivakqI jo ik adflq vlo ksUrvfr mMinaF igaf hY Auh vI iswK hY. jo kry so Bry dy inXm muqfibk iswK BfeIcfrf smUhk rUp ivwc ies kflLy kfry df ijMLmyvfr nhIN hY aqy nf hI iksy ny ajyhf TihrfAux dI koeI gwl kIqI hY.

          qF iPr hspqfl dy PMz ryjL nMU ikhVy iswKF dI qsvIr sfPL krn leI vrqx dI koisLsL hoeI hY? ies df juvfb AuhnF lokF nMU dyxf cfhIdf hY jo ies qrF dy bhfny lgf rhy hn. ieh vI Xfd rwKx vflI gwl hY ik lokF ny dfn isrPL dfn vfsqy idwqf sI nf ik iksy Kfs vrg jF ivcfrDfrf dI qsvIr sfP jF DuMdlI krn vfsqy idwqf sI. ieh gwl hspqfl dy pRbMDkF nMU vI smJxI cfhIdI hY ik Auh ies iksm dy lokF qoN vrq nf hox jF hspqfl df nfm vrqx dI afigaf nf dyx jo ies iksm df lfhf lYxf cfhuMdy hox. pbilk hspqfl df kMm lokF df ielfj krnf hY nf ik iksy Kfs ivcfrDfrf df pwK jfxy jF axjfxy ivwc pUrn dI koisLsL krnf. jfxkfr sUqrF ivwc ieh ivcfr vI pfieaf jf irhf hY ik hspqfl dy pRbMDkF nMU swB kuJ pqf sI pr AuhnF ny jfx buwJ ky hI kMn lpyty hoey sn. jy ieh swc hY qF ieh bhuq icMqf df ivsLf hY.

          icMqf df ivsLf iewh vI hY ik brYNptn dy sfr dy sfry 4 aYm pI pI lokF qoN ies mfmly ivwc dUr rhy hn aqy Es DVy dy qkrIbn nfl  rhy hn jo lokF dy roh dy iKlfPL hspqfl dy pRbMDkF df pwK pUr irhf sI. iehI kfrn hY ik Auh mujLfhry ivwc nhIN afey jd ik s: mwlI smyq kuJ aYm pI aqy istI kONslr sRI ivwkI iZloN lokF dy brfbr KVy hn. kuJ rfjsI afgUaF ny aMdr Kfqy ies mfmly nMU dwbx vfsqy mIitMgF krvfAux df rsqf vI apxfieaf sI jo ‘vylyL df kMm qy kuvyly dIaF twkrF’ sfbq hoieaf hY. kuJ igxqI dy afgUaF nMU Cwz ky brYNptn dy afspfs dy bhuqy Dfrimk sQfnF dy afgUaF ny lokF df ros mujLfhry ivwc sfQ idwqf hY.

          BrvyN ros df iek sbk ieh vI hY ik kuJ lokF nMU kuJ smF buwDU bxfieaf jf skdf hY pr sfry lokF nMU hmysLf leI buwDU nhIN bxfieaf jf skdf! afs hY ik lokF nMU buwDU smJx vfly kuJ cfqur swjx afp ies qoN jLrUr kuJ iswKx df Xqn krngy.

          srkfr df suprvfeIjLr kI krdf hY ieh qF smF hI dwsygf pr ies nMU shI idsLf vwl iek kdm smJ ky ies df svfgq krnf bxdf hY. pr nfl hI cyqMn rihx dI vI loV hY aqy pRYsLr bxfeI rwKx vfsqy Xqn krdy rihxf cfhIdf hY. Auh kuJ lok jo srkfr dy “swdy” dI AuzIk kr rhy hn AuhnF nMU vI qrk qoN kMm lYxf cfhIdf hY aqy lokF dIaF AumMgF nMU vDfAux dI PokI koisLsL nhIN krnI cfhIdI. srkfr asl ivwc kI pYNqVf apxfAuNdI hY ieh lokF dI eykqf aqy ishq syvfvF pRqI cyqMnqf `qy hI inrBr krygf. qsvIrF iKcvfAux aqy sytymYNtF jfrI krn dI iewCf nfl lokF dy ros df ihwsf bnx vfly swjx vI lokF dy ros df ivroD krn vfilaF qoN Gwt KLqrnfk nhIN hn.     

-blrfj idEl

 


ishq syvfvF leI vfkPIaq aqy isPLfrsL dy ruJfn nMU huxy nwQx dI loV

 

          kYnyzf dIaF ishq syvfvF jo ik ajy qwk qkrIbn pbilk hn, ies smyN zfhZy afriQk sMkt ivcoN dI gujLr rhIaF hn. XUrp dy bhuq sfry dysL vDIaf ishq syvfvF dy mfmly ivwc dunIaF nMU bhuq ipwCy Cwz gey hn pr AuhnF df Krcf vI ijs kdr vD irhf hY Aus nMU ibnF iksy sfriQk qbdIlI dy lMby smyN qwk jfrI rwKxf sMBv nhIN hovygf, ajyhf bhuq sfry mfhrF df mMnxf hY.

          AuWqrI amrIkf ivwc, kYnyzf dIaF ishq syvfvF gvFzI dysL amrIkf nfloN keI guxf ibhqr hn ikAuNik ieh syvfvF ibnF iksy pwKpfq dy sfry sLihrIaF nMU brfbr muhweIaf huMdIaF rhIaF hn. kOmI pwDr dIaF pbilk ishq syvfvF awj dI aYn[ zI[ pI[ dI mF pfrtI sI[ sI[ aYP[ dy svrgI afgU tomI zgls dI dyx hn. jd 50ivaF ivwc tOmI zgls aqy AuhnF dy sfQI kOmI pwDr `qy pbilk ishq syvfvF dI mMg kr rhy sn qF bhuqy isafsI afgU ies nMU iek hvfeI supnf hI smJdy sn. pr do ku dhfikaF qoN vI Gwt smyN ivwc hI ieh supnf sfkfr ho igaf sI aqy awj ieh syvfvF knyzIan lokF dI ijMdgI df ihwsf bx cukIaF hn.

          pbilk ishq syvfvF knyzIan lokF nMU bhuq ipafrIaF hn aqy ies gwl df isafsI afgUaF nMU pUrf aihsf hY. iehI kfrn hY ik hr pfrtI aqy hr afgU lokF nMU ishq syvfvF dy mfmly ivwc sbjLbfg ivKfAux nMU qrjIh idMdf hY aqy swc bolxf isafsI KudksLI smJdf hY. dr asl ieh swc vI hY ikAuNik ‘jo boly EhI kuMzf Kohly’ df aKfx iewQy pUrf Zukdf hY. jo kih bYTy ik iehnF ivwc qbdIlI krnI pvygI bws Auh hI swB df insLfnf bx jfvygf aqy “Gwt igxqI ividawk adfiraF nMU srkfrI grFt” dyx df vfadf krn dI Buwl kr bYTx vfly jfhn torI vFg afpxf isafsI jIvn qbfh kr bYTygf.

          lokF sfhmxy swc bolx dI glqI krn nfloN subfeI ilbrlF vFg brYNptn mmorIal hspqfl sfhmxy 95 imlIan zflr df afdm kwd cYWk PV ky qsvIrF iKcvf lYxIaF votF lYx vfsqy bhuq vDIaf ZMg hY aqy ipCoN BfvyN hspqfl nMU 3-4 sflF leI ijMdrf mfr ky cuwp hI vwt leI jfvy. agly cfr sfl lok kr vI kI skdy hn aqy cfr sfl Buwl jfx leI kfPLI huMdy hn. lok vwD qoN vwD iek do mujLfhry hI kr skdy hn aqy iPr afpy Qwk ky bYT jfxgy.

          kYnyzf dI hr srkfr hI ishq syvfvF `qy hr sfl Krcf vDf rhI hY aqy ieh aml bIqy 11 sfl qoN lgfqfr jfrI hY. aMkVy dwsdy hn ik kYnyzf ivwc  sfl 2007 ivwc ishq syvfvF vfsqy 160 iblIan zflr Kricaf jf irhf hY jo ik sfl 2006 ivwc 150[3 iblIan zflr sI. Bfv ies sfl 9[7 iblIan zflr ishq syvfvF `qy vwD Kricaf jf irhf hY jo ik 6[6% df vfDf bxdf hY. ies dOrfn nf qF dysL ivwc iswky df psfr (ienPlysLn) hI 6[6% vDI hY aqy nf dysL dI afriQkqf df psfr 6[6% hoieaf hY. hYrfnI ies gwl dI vI hY ik dysL dI abfdI ivwc vI ies iksm df vfDf nhIN hoieaf. qF iPr ieh eyny zflr gey ikwQy hn?

knyzIan ienstIcUt Pfr hYlQ df kihxf hY ik ishq syvfvF `qy af irhf Krcf vDdf jf irhf hY aqy ieh mihMgfeI aqy abfdI ivwc hor rhy vfDy qoN ijLafdf rPLqfr nfl vD irhf hY. jy aOsq kwZIey qF ies sfl hr knyzIan sLihrI `qy $4867 zflr Krcf afvygf jd ik sfl 2006 ivwc pRqI sLihrI ieh Krcf $4606 sI aqy eysy qrF sfl 2005 ieh Krcf pRqI sLihrI $4373 sI.

          aMkVy dsdy hn ik ijwQy ishq syvfvF `qy Krcf lgfqfr vDdf jf irhf hY AuWqy dUjy pfsy syvfvF ivwc lgfqfr inGfr af irhf hY.  lokF nMU jd ishq syvfvF dI loV pYNdI hY qF aYmrjMsI jF aprysLn vfsqy lwgI hoeI lMbI lfeIn df sfhmxf krnf pYNdf hY. ‘mrdI kI nhIN krdI’ dy aKfx vFg iPr dOV lgdI hY koeI qrIkf Bflx dI ijs nfl jldI ivwc koeI vsIlf bx jfvy aqy ielfj jF aprysLn jldI ho sky. ies vfsqy swB qoN pihlF hfjLr zfktr jF nrsF sfhmxy mjbUrI, drd, pIVf, apIl aqy dlIl vrqI jFdI hY jo awj dIaF lMbIaF lfeInF sfhmxy swB Tuws hox vfly qrIky sfbq ho rhy hn.

          ies qoN aglf hiQafr hY vfkPIaq jF isPLrsL ijs dI qlfsL kIqI jFdI hY. ies ivwc iksy nMU koeI sLwk nhIN rihxI cfhIdI ik kYnyzf dy hspqflF jF hor ishq syvfvF dyx vfly kilinkF ivwc isPfrsL aqy vfkPIaq afm vrqI jfx lwg peI hY aqy bhuq jldI ieh iek bkfiedf loV bx skdI hY. sfzy afpxy sQfnk pMjfbI BfeIcfry ivwc ies dI Jlk vyKx nMU imldI hY. s: hrnyk isMG isDU aqy s: amrjIq isMG nrvfl dy kysF ivwc duKI pirvfrF ny keI drvfjLy KVkfey sn qF ik AuhnF dy ipafiraF df loVINdf ielfj smyN isr ho sky.

          ieh gwl kuJ ryzIE pRogrfmF `qy hoey bcn iblfs smyN brYNptn isivk hspqfl dI PfAuNzysLn dy zrYktr sRI mnjIq isMG shoqf afp mMn cuwky hn ik sbMDq pirvfrF ny AuhnF nfl “mdd” leI sMprk kIqf sI.  mdd dI mMg hI isPLrsL dI loV df dUjf nfm hY aqy s: isDU dy ielfj smyN qF iksy isafsI afgU qoN vI mdd mMgy jfx dI gwl suxI geI sI. sbMDq pirvfrF nMU ieh loV ies leI mihsUs hoeI ikAuNik AuhnF nMU ielfj jF sMBfl ivwc koeI kmI pysLI njLr afAuNdI sI jo Auh isPLfrsL nfl dUr krnI jF krvfAuxI locdy sn. jy ies iksm dy hflfq df sfhmxy lyKk nMU krnf pvy jF AuhnF swjxf nMU krnf pvy jo awj “swB awCf” hY df sMdysL dy rhy hn qF krnf AuhnF ny vI iehI sI.

          iDafn rwKx vflI gwl ieh hY ik ieh hflq isrPL brYNptn isivk qwk hI sImq nhIN hY ieh vwKrI gwl hY ik sbMDq hspqfl dy kuJ stfPL bfry vqIry sbMDI bhuq kuJ sunx aqy pVHn nMU imilaf hY. isPLrsL aqy vfkPIaq df bolbflf knyzIan ishq syvfvF ivwc bkfiedf sLurU ho cuwkf hY ijs qoN sLihrIaF agfh krnf bxdf hY.

          knyzIan mYzIkl asosIeysLn dy mjUdf pRDfn zfktr brfien zya ny ieh mMinaF hY ik jd ipwCy ijhy Aus dI pMj sfl dI DI dI lwq ivwc drd hox lwgf qF Auh Aus nMU vYnkUvr dy iek hsqfl ivwc lY ky igaf. hspqfl ny hwzI df skYn kr ky pqf lgfieaf ik bwcI dI hwzI ivwc iek itAUmr (iek iksm df PoVf) hY ijs kfrn drd ho irhf hY. ies tYst nfl itAUmr df qF pqf lwg igaf pr ieh pqf lgfAux vfsqy hor tYstF dI jLrUqr sI ik ikqy ieh itAUmr kYNsrs nf hovy. hspqfl ny bwcI dy agly jLrUrI tYst, sI[tI[ skYn vfsqy agly hPLqy afAux df smF idwqf pr zfktr zya aqy Aus dI Drm pqnI vfsqy aglf hPLqf bhuq dUr sI. zfktr zya dI Drm pqnI vI zfktr hY aqy dovyN mfpy jfxdy sn ik kYNsr df pqf lgfAux vfsqy iek hPLqf lyt df smF ijMdgI aqy mOq df Prk pf skdf hY.

          hPLqy Br dI AuzIk df srfPL KLqm krn vfsqy zfktr zya ny afpxI vfkPIaq df lfB AuTfieaf aqy iek Pon KVkf ky lgdy hwQ hI bwcI df sI[tI[ skYn krvf ilaf. Aus ny ieh qF nhIN dwisaf ik Aus dI bwcI dy tYst ny kI dwisaf pr ieh gwl afKI hY ik kYnyzf dy ishq isstm ivwc do brfbr dy (pYrll) pbilk isstm cwl rhy hn iek afm lokF vfsqy aqy dUjf vfkPIaq aqy isPLrsL vfly lokF vfsqy. Aus ny ikhf hY ik Aus ny Kud afpxy vfsqy vI vfkPIaq nMU Es smyN vriqaf sI js Aus nMU gozy dy aprysLn dI loV peI sI. ies kMm vfsqy Aus ny afpxy jfxkfr srjn dI mdd leI sI aqy gozy df aprysLn hPLqy dy aMdr aMdr hI krvf ilaf sI.

          zfktr zya ny ieh vI ikhf hY ik ies iksm dI vfkPIaq hux afm vrqI jfx lwg peI hY aqy ieh qrIkf jfiej nhIN hY, Aus df ieh vI kihxf hY ik lMbI AuzIk kfrn ishq syvfvF `qy Bfr hor vD irhf hY ikAuNik jd AuzIk kfrn mrIjL dI hflq ivgV jFdI hY qF ielfj lMbf aqy mihMgf ho jFdf hY. vwK vwK isafsI afgU vI smyN smyN afpxf ruqbf jF vfkPIaq vrqdy rhy hn aqy pRfeIvyt ielfj vI krvfAuNdy rhy hn ijhnF ivwc keI kOmI afgUaF df vI nfm boldf hY.  jy hflq iehI rhI qF vfkPIaq aqy isPLrsL kYnyzf dIaF ishq syvfvF df ihwsf bx jfvygI. AuNJ qF ieh vI kurwpsLn hI hY pr jy ies nMU hfl dI GVI kurwpsLn nf vI mMnIey qd vI ieh aslI kurpsLn df bIj bIjx vflI gwl hY. jy kfrgr kdm nf AuTfey gey qF Auh smF dUr nhIN jd zflrF dI QwdI isPLrsL dI atut sfQx bx jfvygI.                   

-blrfj idEl

 


ijs kf kfm EsI ko sfjy!

mIzIaf dUhrf rol adf krn qoN guryj kry!

          brYNptn trFijLt dy 48 sflf zrfievr s: hrnyk isMG isDU dI brYNptn hspqfl ivwc ielfj dOrfn hoeI mOq aqy AuhnF qy AuhnF dy pirvfr nfl kiQq durivvhfr dI KLbr 19 nvMbr dyr sLfm nMU pbilk  hoeI sI hflFik AuhnF dI mOq svyry 8 vjy dy krIb ho cuwkI sI. agly idn vwK vwK pMjfbI ryzIE pRogrfmF `qy ieh duKdfeI KLbr muwK  ivsLf bx ky AuBrI aqy ajy vI sQfnk pMjfbI BfeIcfry ivwc BrpUr crcf df ivsLf bxI hoeI hY. AuhnF dy pirvfr ny brYNptn isivk hspqfl nMU 25 hjLfr zflr df dfn, Bly df kMm aqy Bly df adfrf smJ ky idwqf sI pr jo qlK qjrbf AuhnF nMU syvfvF dI loV pYx `qy hoieaf hY Aus ny smuwcy BfeIcfry nMU JMjoV ky rwK idwqf hY.

          hspqfl phuMicaf hr ivakqI ishqXfb ho ky afpxy Gr ijLMdf prq afey ies gwl dI koeI vI pwkI grMtI nhIN idwqI jf skdI pr ies dI afs jLrUr kIqI jFdI hY. jo grMtI idwqI aqy 100% pUrI kIqI jfxI cfhIdI hY Auh hY bImfr aqy pirvfr nfl hmdrdI aqy iensfnI vqIry dI jo sbMDq pirvfr ny dfavf kIqf hY ik AuhnF nMU nsIb nhIN hoeI. ies bfry jo kuJ pirvfr ny afiKaf hY jy Aus df 50% vI swc hY qF vI ieh bhuq zUMGI icMqf df ivsLf hY. BfvyN pirvfr `qy iksy iksm df sLwk krn dI koeI guMjfiesL nhIN hY pr clo bfkI bcdf 50% iksy iksm dI sDfrn kmI-pysLI smJI jf skdI hY.

          ies durGtnf dy crcf ivwc afAux qoN bfad hor vI bhuq iksm dy kys bfhr af rhy hn ijhnF ivwc sbMDq hspqfl ivwc lMbI AuzIk aqy stfPL dy awKV vqIry df pqf lgdf hY. lMbI AuzIk dy mfmly ivwc vI hspqfl vloN idwqy jf rhy kfrnF nMU iksy hwd qwk jfiejL mMinaF jf skdf hY pr ijwQy hspqfl nMU iblkul ijLmyvfr Tihrfieaf jf skdf hY aqy Tihrfieaf jfxf cfhIdf hY Auh do nukqy hn aYmrjMsI vfrz ivwc iksy vI drd ivwc qVp rhy mrIjL nMU 8-8 GMty vIal cyar `qy ibnF iksy dvf-dfrU dy ibTfeI rwKxf aqy mrhUm s: isDU dy kys ivwc iqMn vfr vIal cyar qoN drd nfl qVpidaF izwg pYx dI sUrq ivwc vI AuhnF nMU njLraMdfjL krI rwKxf. aqy dUjf nukqf hY iDafn dIaF bynqIaF kr rhy duKI pirvfr nfl awKV vqIry df ijs nMU iblkul vI nf qF njLraMdfjL kIqf jfxf cfhIdf hY aqy nf hI brdfsLq kIqf jfxf cfhIdf hY.

          ies iksm dy sMgIn dosLF qoN bfad hspqfl dy pRbMDkF nMU cfhIdf sI ik Auh ies vqIry dI mukMml jFc afpxy qOr `qy sLurU krdy qy  ies dy nqIijaF qoN pbilk nMU jfxU vI krvfAuNdy aqy BivK ivwc ajyhf vfprn qoN rokx leI cuwky jf rhy kdmF dI jfxkfrI vI idMdy. pr ajyhy sMkyq nhIN imldy ik hspqfl ny aYsI koeI kfrvfeI kIqI hY jF ies dy nqIjy kI inkly hn? ieh jLrUr pqf lwgf hY ik hspqfl ivwc iek lokpfl (aMbfzjLmYn) hY aqy sLfied hspqfl sbMDq pirvfr vloN iksy iksm dI ilKqI sLkfieq dI AuzIk ivwc hovy pr jo hlfq hn aqy ijMnI jfxkfrI pRYs ivwc crcf ivwc af cuwkI hY Aus nMU iksy aMdrUnI kfrvfeI vfsqy ibny iksy ilKqI sLkfieq dy, kfPLI smiJaf jfxf cfhIdf sI.

          ieh mfmlf sQfnk pMjfbI mIzIey ivwc crcf ivwc afAux qoN bfad pMjfbI mIzIey dIaF do pRmuwK sMsQfvF ny sFJI kfrvfeI kridaF bIqy vIrvfr nMU nyVqf bxfeI aqy sLukrvfr, nvMbr 23 nMU 10 mYNbrI kmytI dI sFJI mIitMg krky lMby ivcfr-vtFdry qoN bfad cfr mqy pfs kIqy. ies mIitMg ivwc 10 mYNbrI kmytI dy 8 mYNbr hfjLr sn (dovF iDrF dy 4-4). pihlI sihmqI ies gwl `qy hoeI ik BfeIcfry dIaF BfvnfvF dy mwdynjLr pMjfbI mIzIaf hspqfl vfsqy PMz ryjL krn ivwc ihwsf nhIN lvygf. dUjy mqy ivwc pMjfbI BfeIcfry dy zrYktr jo hspqfl dy borz dy mYNbr hn jF PMz ryjL vfsqy ijLmyvfrIaF leI bYTy hn AuhnF nMU ros vjoN asqIPLy dyx dI apIl kIqI geI. cOQI sihmqI ies gwl `qy hoeI ik BfeIcfry vloN do ptIsLnF iqafr kIqIaF jfxgIaF ijhnF `qy lokF qoN dsqKq krvfAux dI muihMm ivwZI jfvygI. iek hspqfl nfl sbMDq mMgF bfry hovygI ijs ivwc stfPL d vqIrf aqy lMbI AuzIk nMU aDfr bxfieaf jfvygf aqy dUjI subfeI srkfr vffsqy hovygI ijs ivwc pIal mmorIal hspqfl nMU jldI Kohlx, PMizMg aqy sbMDq muwidaF nMU aDfr bxfieaf jfvygf. cOQI sihmqI ijs muwdy `qy hoeI Auh sI BfeIcfry vloN  ros pRgt krn vfsqy lokF dIaF BfvnF dI qrjmfnI krn vfsqy BfeIcfry dy afgUaF dI kmytI df gTn krnf. mIzIey dy rol nMU iDafn ivwc rwKidaF ieh PYslf kIqf igaf sI ik rihnumfeI krn df hwk qy PrjL BfeIcfry dy afgUaF df hY aqy mIzIaf AuhnF df pUrf sfQ dyvygf.

          ies vfsqy bIqy aYqvfr nMU brYNptn gurdvfrf sfihb ivwc BfeIcfry dy vwK vwK KyqrF nfl sbMDq afgUaF dI iek iekwrqqf vI kIqI geI sI ijs ivwc ros mujLhfrf krn df PYslf hoieaf sI. iewk swq mYNbrI kmytI vI bxfeI geI sI ijs nMU hYlQ kolIsLn nfl rfbqf krn dI ijLmyvfrI sONpI geI sI aqy kuJ swjxF nMU hor BfeIcfiraF nfl rfbqf krn vfsqy vI afiKaf igaf sI. ieh sfrf kMm afpxI cfl nfl cwl irhf hY aqy ies bfry mIzIey dI iek hor sFJI mIitMg hoeI hY ijs ivwc  hor ivcfrF hoeIaF hn aqy jfxkfrI dyx vfsqy ijmyvfr swjxF dI izAUtI lgfeI geI hY. ieh gwl iPr duhrfeI geI hY ik rihnumeI krnf mzIey df kMm nhIN hY ieh kMm afgUaF df hY.

          ijwQy iek pfsy brYNptn invfsIaF vfsqy brfbr dIaF jF afK lE ik kOmI pwDr dIaF ishq syvfvF df hwk lYx vfsqy Xqn cwl rhy hn AuWQy nfl hI kuJ swjxF vloN iehnF koisLsLF nMU inwjI lfB vfsqy iTwbI lgfAux dIaF cflF vI cwlIaF jf rhIaF. iksy nMU afpxI zrYktrisLp jF jfb bcfAux df iPkr hY aqy iksy nMU zrYktrisLp hfsl krn dI lyrI lwgI hoeI hY. jo kwl qwk BfeIcfry nfl KVn dIaF zINgF mfrdy sn Auh awj ikqy gfieb hI ho gey hn. ieh vI pqf lwgf hY ik iek gYr-pMjfbI isafsI afgU nMU mUhry kr ky BfeIcfry nMU vMzx dI sfijsL GVI geI hY ijs nMU nypry cfVHn vfsqy keI lok qrlo-mwCI ho rhy hn. ies kMm vfsqy kuJ Dfrimk adfiraF aqy AuhnF dy afgUaF nMU vrqx dI skIm bxfeI geI hY aqy hux vyKxf ieh hY ik Auh ikhVy swjx hn jo ies sfijsL ivwc BfeIvfl bxdy hn.

          bhfnfkfrIaF ny ies gwl nMU bhuq AuCfilaf hY ik sQfnk aMgryjLI aKLbfr brYNptn gfrzIan ny pMjfbI BfeIcfry nMU insLfnf bxf ilaf hY aqy hspqfl df pwK pUrnf sLurU kr idwqf hY. aKy ies nfl pMjfbI BfeIcfrf hor lokF dIaF awKF ivwc rVkx lwg jfvygf. kI ies df mqlb ieh hY ik asIN zrdy cup kr jfeIey aqy bxdIaF ishq syvfvF dI mMg nf krIey? kI brYNptn gfrzIan dI ilKq hjLrq mUsf dIaF “ds hdfieqF” (tYWn kmMzmYNts) hn? brYNptn gfrzIan TIk Ausy iksm df  aKbfr hY ijs iksm df hQlf aKLbfr hY aqy ies vrgy drjnF hor aKbfr hn. vwKrI gwl hY ik brYNptn gfrzIan aMgryjLI df aKLbfr hY aqy sQfnk pMjfbI aKLbfrF nfloN vwzf hY. pr iPr vI gfrzIan iek sQfnk aKbfr hI hY aqy Aus dy ivcfr sQfnk mfmilaF `qy horF qoN vwK ho skdy hn. brYNptn gfrzIan dy vwKry ivcfrF df mqlb ieh nhIN hY ik hspqfl dy stfPL df vqIrf kdy awKV nhIN sI jF jy sI qF lokF nMU cup krky shfr lYxf cfhIdf hY.

          ieh gwl vI iDafn ivwc rwKxI cfhIdI hY ik hspqfl koeI dusLmx adfrf nhIN hY aqy ros sMqulq qy siBak hoxf cfhIdf hY ijs df insLfnf syvfvF ivwc jld suDfr krvfAuxf hoxf cfhIdf hY nf ik ivroD nMU ivroD vfsqy ‘lwsI ivwc pfxI’ pf ky vDfAux dI koisLsL.

          sQfnk pMjfbI mIzIey nMU ies sfry mfmly ivwc dUhrf rol adf krn qoN guryjL krnf cfhIdf hY. iksy vI lok aYksLn dI rihnumfeI krnf vwK vwK KyqrF nfl sbMDq afgUaF df kMm hY, Auh afgU jo ies iksm df ros krn dy hwk ivwc hox. ieh jLrUrI nhIN hY ik sfry hI look iksy Kfs iksm dy ros dy hwk ivwc hox. ros bfry vI vwK vwK avfjLF sunx nMU iml rhIaF hn. kuJ lok ies nMU ‘Drnf’ afKdy vI suxy gey hn ijs df arQ huMdf hY iksy adfry dy sfhmxy jMm ky bYT jfxf aqy afvfjfeI bMd kr dyxI. hspqfl awgy ies iksm df ros jfiej nhIN hY aqy nf hI ajyhf krn df iksy ny ierfdf pRgt kIqf hY. ies leI ros ZukvF hoxf cfhIdf hY aqy ies df pRgtfvf vI ZukvyN sLbd vrq ky kIqf jfxf chIdf hY.

-blrfj idEl

 


inhwQy sLihrIaF `qy tyjLr gMn dI durvqroN icMqfjnk

 

          akqUbr 14 nMU vYnkUvr dy aMqrrfsLtrI hvfeI awzy `qy 40 ku sfl df polYNz df iek  sLihrI pUry kfgjLF nfl Auqiraf sI pr Auh aMgryjLI iblkul vI nhI sI jfxdf. Aus ny awgy afpxI mF kol jfxf sI ijs ny Aus nMU eyarport `qy lYx afAuxf sI. iksy kfrn mF aqy puwq iek dUjy qoN KuMJ gey aqy ivcfrf rfbt jMskI ijsdy nfm df Aucfrx kuJ lok zjMskI vI krdy hn, bhuq AuzIk qoN bfad nvyN dysL ivwc aqy Auh vI eyar port dy bMd mhOl ivwc byvws mihsUs krky bhuq Gbrfa igaf. Aus ny kuJ myjL cuwk ky ieDr AuDr suwty ijs `qy aiDkfrIaF ny puils swd leI. afr[ sI[ aYm[ pI[ dy cfr puils aPLsr afey aqy AuhnF afAuNidaF hI afpxI kfrvfeI sLurU kr idwqI. jo ivzIE iksy sLihrI ny mOky `qy bxfeI hY Aus ivwc puils vloN Aus nfl gwlbfq krn vfsqy koeI bhuqI lMbI koisLsL kIqI ivKfeI nhIN idMdI. nf hI ieh pqf lwgdf hY ik puils ny Aus dI bolI bolx vflf koeI ivakqI swidaf hY. hflF ik eyzy vwzy eyar port `qy poilsL BfsLf bolx vflf koeI nf koeI jLrUr hovygf.

          imMtF ivwc hI puils aPlsr Aus `qy tyjLr gMn dy Pfier krdy ivKfeI idMdy hn ijs nfl Auh qVpdf hoieaf PrsL `qy izwg pYNdf hY aqy cfry puils aPLsr Aus nMU nwp lYNdy hn. tyjLr gMn dy mfhr dwsdy hn ik ies nfl sLft kIqy gey ivakqI nMU sfh lYx dI qklIPL ho skdI hY aqy ies kfrn Aus nMU sfh lYx vflI hflq ivwc rwKxf cfhIdf hY pr ies dy Ault ieh ivcfrf puils dy goizaF nfl nwipaf ipaf ivKfeI idMdf hY aqy imtf ivwc hI svfs Cwz ky sLFq ho jFdf hY.

          rfbrt jMskI inhwQf vI sI aqy aus ny puils `qy koeI ijsmfnI hmlf vI nhIN sI kIqf. jy krdf vI qF awgoN cfr puils vfly Aus df mukfblf krn vfsqy iqafr sn pr AuhnF Gfqk tyjLr gMn ies qr vriqaf ijs qrF koeI bwcf sLONk nfl afpxI Kyz gMn dI vrqoN krdf hY. ies mOq nfl dysL ivwc hfhfkfr mc geI aqy ies gMn dI vrqoN bMd krn dIaF avfjLF AuWTIaF. vwK vwK pwDr dIaF srkfrF kuJ aVIaF pr iPr rfbrt dI mOq vfsqy muafPI vI mMg leI aqy sUby dI srkfr ny qPqIsL dy hukm vI dy idwqy hn.

R         rfbr jMskI kYNnyzf ivwc tyjLr gMn dI vrqoN nfl mfrn vflf 18vF ivakqI dwisaf igaf hY aqy dunIaF Br ivwc ies nfl 200 qoN vwD mOqF ho cukIaF hn. ajy ies hPLqy dOrfn hI kYnyzf ivwc Gwto Gwt iqMn vfr tyjLr gMn dI vrqO iPr kIqI geI hY. novf skosLIaF ivwc ies gMn dI vrqoN nfl kwl hfvrz hfeIz nfm df ivakqI mfiraf igaf hY.  aqy Auh ies nfl mrn vflf 19vF ivakqI hY. ieh ivcfrf bImfr afdmI sI ijs nMU koeI dOrf pYNdf sI aqy js dvfeI nf vrqx kfrn Auh bykfbU ho igaf qF Aus dI pqnI ny puils dI mdd leI. puils Aux nMU PV ky Qfxy lTY geI ijwqY kuJ dyr bfad puls muqfibk Auh iPr BVkfht ivwc af igaf aqy Aus ny Bwjx dI koisLsL kIqI.

          puils ny Aus `qy tyjLr gMn dy Pfier kIqy ijs nfl Aus nMU kfbU kr ilaf igaf aqy iPr mYzIkl mdd vI idwqI geI. pr ieh ivakqI vI tyjLr df sLft nf shfrdf hoieaf 30 ku GMty dy aMdr aMdr dm qoV igaf. ies nfl tyjLr gMn hor vI sLwk dy Gyry ivwc af geI hY. ies dI surwiKaq vrqoN `qy hI  svflIaf insLfn nhIN lwgf sgoN ies nMU vrqx vfilaF dI Xogqf `qy vI svflIaf insLfn lwg igaf hY.

          iek rport muqfibk tyjLr gMn df isLkfr hox vfly lokF ivwc 70% qoN vwD inr-hiQafr Bfv inhwQy huMdy hn aqy bcdy 30% ivcoN vI bhuiqaF kol koeI mfVf motf zMzf-sotf jF cfkU afid hI huMdf hY. Pfier afrm vflf kys ajy Gwt hI sfhmxy afieaf hY ijs `qy puils ny tyjLr gMn vrqI hovy. puils lgfqfr tyjLr gMn dI vrqoN ivwc qyjLI ilaf rhI hY aqy ieh Bfxf sfry dysL ivwc hI vfpr irhf hY.

          inhwQy sLihrIaF `qy ies Kqrnfk tyjLr gMn dI lgfqfr vD rhI vrqoN iek icMqfjnk ivsLf hY aqy srkfrF nMU ies dI vrqoN `qy Aus vkq qwk pfbMdI lgf dyxI cfhIdI hY jd qwk ies dI surwiKaqf vfry ivsqrq rport sfhmxy nhIN af jFdI. iksy iek mOq vfsqy muafPLI mMg lYx nfl mfmlf KLqm nhIN ho jfxf cfhIdf aqy sLihrIaF ies bfry hr pwDr dy isafsI afgUaF nMU lfbI krnf cfhIdf hY.

-blrfj idEl

 


hux brYNptn dI srkfr lokF dIaF jybF nMU sMnH lgfAux dI qfk ivwc!

          srkfrI syvfvF dy nfm `qy afm sLihrI lgfqr tYksF dy BfrI boJ hyT dwby jf rhy hn. lokF dIaF jybF nMU sMnH lgfAx vfsqy srkfrF BFq BFq dy bhfny GVdIaF hn aqy iehnF nMU afny-bhfny ies ZMg nfl lfgU krdIaF hn qF ik afm lokF nMU ies dI smJ qwk vI nf pvy. ies kMm ivwc dysL ivwc BfrU ho irhf ilbrl mIzIaf aqy XUnIanvfd srkfrF dI bolI boldf hY aqy lokF dIaF awKF ivwc Gwtf pfAux df kMm krdf hY. iehI kfrn hY ik afpxy ilKqI vfady qoV ky tYksF ivwc BfrI vfDf krn vflIaF pfrtIaF vI bhuq vfr qkrIbn ibnF mukfblf hI ijwq jFdIaF hn. AuntyrIE dIaF iehnF coxF ivwc vI iehI Bfxf vfpiraf hY ijwQy torI afgU vloN Gwt igxqI Dfrimk ividak adfiraF nMU srkfrI PMizMg dy mfmly nMU ies hwd qwk qUl dy idwqI geI sI ik afm lokF nMU mgYNtI srkfr vloN tYksF ivwc kIqf igaf vfDf jF qF ivsr hI igaf aqy jF torI nIqI nfloN Gwt KLqrnfk jfipaf. iewQoN qwk ik Gwt igxqI iPrky vI torIaF qoN pihlF nfloN hor dUr ho gey.

          ies df iek kfrn qF ies nIqI ivwc dm nf hoxf sI ikAuNik sUby dy ividak adfiraF nMU Dfrimk aDfr `qy vMzxf iksy vI qrF jfiejL nhIN hY aqy pihlI sImq vMz nMU dUr krn dy Auprfly kIqy jfxy cfhIdy hn aqy nfl hI jMgfly jf cuwky ividak ZFcy nMU Evrhfl krn dy nvyN ZMg qrIky lwBy jfxy cfhIdy hn. dUjf mwuK kfrn sUby ivwc vwzy XUnIanvfd df bolbflf sI jo ividak, ishq aqy srkfrI syvfvF dy Kyqr ivwc afpxI mnfplI hor mjLbUq krnI cfhuMdf hY.

          ‘istI afPL torFto’ dI srkfr ny myar imlr dI rihnumfeI hyT huxy hI sLihrIaF `qy nvyN tYks, syvfvF df bhfnf lgf ky Tosy hn ijhnF ivwc lYNz trFsPr tYks ivwc nvyN gwPLy aqy vhIkl rijstrysLn ivwc istI df ihwsf sLfml hY aqy hux sLrfb `qy istI vloN tYks lgfey jfx bfry vI ivcfiraf jf irhf hY. ieDr jnfb myar ny sLihrIaF `qy tYks lgfey hn aqy AuDr XUnIanF nMU ‘sYNtf klfjL” bx ky vMzxy sLurU vI kr idwqy hn. Pfier PfeItrjL XUnIan nMU iqMn sflF dy kMntryt ivwc 9% ryjL dy idwqI geI hY aqy hux hor XUnIanF vI ies iksm dI ryjL dI mMg rhIaF hn. myar imlr ny dfavf kIqf hY ik Aus ny cfr sflF `c sLihr ivwc hVqfl df koeI ivGn nhIN pYx idwqf aqy iehI kuJ sUby dI mgYNtI srkfr ny vI kIqf hY pr tIkf sLihrIaF dIaF jybF nMU lwgf hY.

          bIqy hPqy imsIsfgf dI srkfr ny pRfprtI tYksF ivwc 10% df vfDf kIqf hY aqy bwsF df ikrfieaf vI vDfieaf hY. bhfnf sVkF aqy puwl vgYrf dI murMmq df hY pr jfxf bhuqf qnKfhF ivwc vfDy ivwc hI hY.  isafsI afgU jd idl kry afpxIaF qnKfhF vDf lYNdy hn aqy AuhnF dIaF chyqIaF vwzIaF ‘lybr’ XUnIanF vI hr do iqMn sfl bafd mlfeI lfh lYNdIaF hn pr hlkIaF jfbF krn vffly sLihrI hr vfr mfr Kf jFdy hn aqy ivcfry kr kuJ nhIN skdy.

          imsIsgf qoN bfad vfrI hux afeI hY brYNptn dI aqy sQfnk srkfr ny sLihrIaF dIaF jybF nMU sMnH lgfAux dI Xojnf bhuq XojnfbwD ZMg nfl sLurU kr idwqI hY. GrF dy mflkF dy pRfprtI tYks dy AuWqy 2% df hor “jLurmfnf” lgfAux dIU Xojnf qkrIbn qYa ho cuwkI hY ijs nMU “lYvI” df nfm idwqf igaf hY aqy jo lgfqfr 5 qoN 10 sfl jfrI rhygI.  ieh lYvI pRfprtI tYksF ivwc kIqy geI vfDy dy Aupr hovygI Bfv tYks `qy hor tYks lgfieaf igaf hY. ikhf ieh igaf hY ik ieh lYvI sLihr dy stfPL (aPLsrsLfhI) vloN suJfeI geI sI. AuhnF ny qF ieh slfh dyxI hY ikAuNik qnKfhF ivwc vfDf qF AuhnF nMU vI cfhIdf hY. pRfprtI tYks qF pihlF hI hr sfl vDfey jFdy hn aqy hux iehnF `qy hor 2% df vfDf dyxf pvygf ies nfl agly sfl pRfprtI tYksF ivwc vfDf 4[5% ho jfvygf. ies nvyN “jLurmfny” nfl sLihrIaF dIaF jybF ivcoN 250 imlIan zflr hor iKskfieaf jfvygf. tYksF ivcw vfDf aqy syvfvF ivwc kmI krn vflf brYNptn nf qF pihlf sLihr hY aqy nf hI afKrI hovygf. lok qF rotI kmfAux dy iPLkr ivwc bhuq zuwby hoey hn qy isafsI afgU cfqur cflF ivwc ibnF iksy ivroD dy kfmXfb ho rhy hn.

-blrfj idEl

 


pfik: surMg dy aMq qwk vI cfnx dI koeI ikrn ivKfeI nhIN idMdI!

 

          ies hPLqy iek nfmvr pfiksqfnI knyzIan sLihrI ny afpxy lyK ivwc pfiksqfnI POj dy rol df ivsLlysLx kridaF iliKaf hY ik hr dysL kol POj huMdI hY pr pfiksqfn ivwc POj kol dysL hY. pfiksqfnI POj kol dysL qF hY hI pr ies dy nfl hI QfpVf dy vflf iek ajyhf ‘srdfr’ vI hY ijs ny POj nMU ieh ‘aml’ afpxy sOVy ihwqF dI pUrqI leI lfieaf sI aqy ies srdfr df nfm hY amrIkf. pfiksqfnI rfj plitaF dI jykr CfxbIx kIqI jfvy qF iehnF ipwCy iksy nf iksy rUp ivwc amrIkf dI kutlnIqI kMm kr rhI ivKfeI idMdI hY. musLrqPL vloN huxy lfeI geI aYmrjMsI vI busL dI hrI JMzI qoN ibnF nhIN sI lgfeI jf skdI.

          hux ieh crcf sLurU ho geI hY ik pfiksqfn dy rfsLtrpqI jnrl prvyjL musLwrP ny mulk `c aYmrjYNsI amrIkf dy rfsLtrpqI jfrj zbilAU busL dI sihmqI imlx AuprMq hI lfeI sI. ieh pRgtfvf AuWc-pwDrI kUtnIqk sUqrF ny gupq qOr `qy kIqf hY. sUqrF ny ikhf ik BfvyN amrIkf pfiksqfn `c aYmrjYNsI lfAux dy hwk `c nhIN sI, pr ikAuNik pfiksqfn `c ihMsk GtnfvF vwD geIaF sn, Kfs kr svfq Kyqr qy hor kbfielI ielfikaF `c bfgLIaF ny musLwrP leI kfPI musLiklF pYdf kr idwqIaF sn, ies leI busL ny aYmrjYNsI lfAux leI afpxI sihmqI dy idwqI sI.

          pfiksqfn dy “d nysLn” aKLbfr `c CpI iek irport `c ikhf igaf hY ik pfiksqfn `c ihMsk GtnfvF `c hoey vfDy kfrn busL pRsLfsn nUM ieh ivsLvfs ho igaf sI ik pfiksqfn `c hflfq `qy kfbU pfAux df iewko-iek hwl AuQy aYmrjYNsI lfAuxf hI hY. iek hor sUqr ny dwisaf ik jy aYmrjYNsI lfAux `c amrIkf dI sihmqI nf huMdI qF amrIkf “musLwrP sLfsn” nUM sYink shfieqf jfrI rwKx dI gwl nf kihMdf. jnrl musLwrP aqy bynjLIr Buwto ivcfly hoey buhcricq smJOqy bfry gwlbfq kridaF sPLfrqI sUqrF ny ikhf hY ik amrIkf ny Aukq Xojnf df iqafg nhIN kIqf, hF ies nUM kuJ smyN leI awgy pf idwqf igaf hY. iehnF sUqrF muqfibk pfiksqfn `c aYmrjMsI lwgx qoN qurMq bfad zubeI cly geI bynjLIr Buwto df vfps pfiksqfn pRqxf vI amrIkf aqy pfiksqfn dI musLwrP srkfr ivcfly hoeI gwlbfq df hI iswtf hY.

          ieh jnrl musLrwPL df dUjf rfj pltf hY, AuNJ ikAuNik ies nMU imnI aYmrjMsI df nfm idwqf jf irhf hY ies leI ies nMU imnI rfj pltf vI afiKaf jf skdf hY. musLrwPL df pihlf rfjpltf BrvF aqy sMpUrn rfj pltf sI jd Aus ny 12 akqUbr 1999 nMU coxy hoey pRDfn mMqrI nvfjL sLrIPL nMU gwdIAuN lfh ky dysLbdr kr idwqf sI. akqUbr 1999 ivwc sRI lMkf dI PyrI `qy gey musLrwPL nMU cuxy hoey pRDfn mMqrI ny POj muKI vjoN brqrPL kr idwqf sI aqy Aus ny awigAuN rfjpltf krvf ky pRDfn mMqrI nMU brqrPL kr idwqf sI. Prk isrPL eynf hI sI ik cuxy pRDfn mMqrI kol POj muKI nMU brqrPL krn df pUrf hwk sI pr POj muKI kol cuxy hoey pRDfn mMqrI dI hvf vwl vyKx df vI hwk nhIN sI. pr ieh pfiksqfn Bfv pfik-pivwqr DrqI hY jo ik jo ik BfrqI Aup mhFdIp dy muslmfnF vfsqy Kfils-musilm dysL dy qOr `qy bxfieaf igaf sI. ies dysL dy hukmrfnf ny ies nMU Kfils bxfAux vfsqy sLrIaf kfnUMn vI lfgU kIqf aqy dysL nMU idsLf dyx vfsqy ieslfm nMU ‘gfiez’ vjoN vrqx dy keI iekrfr vI kIqy pr aMq ivwc siQr rfj dyx ivwc vI asPLl rhy.

          pfiksqfn dy hukmrfnf nMU ieslfimk sLrIaf lfgU krky pfiksqfn nMU pivwqr aqy Kfils rwKx dy rsqy ivwc koeI bfhrI roVf vI nhIN sI. jy pfiksqfn Kfils aqy pfik-pivwqr nhIN bx sikaf qF ies dy kfrnF dI GoK krnI bxdI hY. aYmrjMsI lgfAux df aYlfn kridaF rfsLtrpqI musLrwPL ny afpxy BfsLx ivwc afiKaf sI ik Aus ny ajyhf pfiksqfn nMU KudksLI krn qoN rokx vfsqy kIqf hY. musLrwPL muqfibk pfiksqfn nMU ies smyN kwtVvfd aqy dihsLqvfd qoN Kqrf hY. jrnYl ny ies vfr iksy bfhrI Kqry dI gwl nhIN kIqI ijs qoN jfpdY ik Aus ny aslI KLqry dI pihcfx kr leI hY. Aus dI ies gwl nfl bhuqI dunIaF sihmq hY ik pfiksqfn nMU ieslfimk kwtVvfd qoN pYdf hoey dihsLqvfd qoN KLqrf hY. swc qF ieh hY ies dihsLqvfd qoN qF sfrI dunIaF nMU hI Kqrf pYdf ho igaf hY aqy iehI kfrn hY ik awj pfiksqfn dy gvFzI dysL aPLgfinsqfn ivwc inwq afqmGfqI bMb Pt rhy hn aqy AuWQy knyzf smyq drjn ku dysLF dIaF POjF ies ieslfimk kwtVvfd aqy dihsLqvfd ivruwD lV rhIaF hn.

          pfiksqfn dy ieiqhfs vwl inghf mfrIey qF rfjsI kqlF aqy POjI rfjplitaF dI lMbI kqfr njLr afAuNdI hY. pfiksqfn df bfnI muhMmd alI ijnfh qF BfvyN pfiksqfn dI kfiemI qoN bfad jldI hI bImfrI kfrn prlokvfs ho igaf sI pr pRDfn mMqrI ilakq alI df kql ho igaf sI. pfiksqfn dI Aumr ajy msF 11 ku sfl dI hI sI jd  jnrl aXUb Kfn ny 1958 ivwc POjI rfj pltf kr idwqf sI. ies rfj plty ivwc amrIkf dy rfsLtrpqI afeIjLnhfvr df Aus nMU pUrf QfpVf hfsl sI aqy kfrn hox jf rhIaF coxF ivwc Kwby pwKI srkfr df gTn ho jfx dI sMBfvnf sI. gwdI qoN lihx df KLqrf tflx vfsqy pfiksqfnI hukmrfn Bfrq nfl pMgf lYx dI qrkIb vI vrqdy rhy hn aqy iehI qrkIb jnrl aXUb Kfn ny vI vrqI sI aqy ies qoN ipwCoN Aus dI QF lYx vfly jnrl XhweIaf Kfn ny vI vrqI sI.

          bIbI bynjLIr Buwto  dy bfp XUilPLkfr alI Buwto df rfjkfl hlkf ijhf jmhUrIaq df Jlkfrf pfAux vflf smF sI jo bhuqf dyr cwl nf sikaf aqy jnrl ijLafAul hwk dI ByNt cVH igaf ijs ny gwdIAuN lfhy isfasI afgU jLuilPLkfr alI Buwto nMU PFsI ltkf idwqf sI.

          jnrl ijLafAul hwk nMU vI amrIkf df QfpVf bhuq rfs afieaf aqy nfl hI gvFzI dysL aPgfinsqfn `qy sovIaq POjI dKLl ny ijLaf df rsqf hor vI suKflf kr idwqf. khfvq ‘dosq Auh jo loV vyly kMm afvy’ amrIkf aqy pfiksqfn `qy jnrl ijLaf  Aul hwk dy vkq pUrI ZukdI sI. amrIkf ny sovIaq rUs dy tfkry vfsqy pfiksqfn dI zwt ky vrqoN kIqI aqy pfiksqfn ny mOky df pUrf lfB AuTfAuNidaf amrIkf dI POjI aqy mflI mdd nfl BfrqI ksLmIr aqy pMjfb ivwc KfnfjMgI sLurU krvf idwqI. jnrl ijLaf qF hvfeI hfdsy ivc mfiraf igaf pr pfiksqfnI hukmrfnf ny amrIkf dy QfpVy nfl ieslfimk kwtVvfd dI mdd jfrI rwKI. aPLgfinsqfn df vwzf ihwsf pfik KuPIaf eyjMsI dI mdd nfl qfilbfnF dy kbjLy hyT af igaf aqy BfrqI ksLmIr qy pMjfb ivwc hflq KLqrnfk hwd qwk phuMc gey. pfiksqfn nMU dwKxI eysLIaf ivwc afpxI srdfrI kfiem huMdI njLr afAux lwg peI ikAuNik ies dOr ivwc hI pfiksqfn ny amrIkf dIaF njLrF hyT cuwp cfp aYtmI qfkq vI hfsl kr leI sI aqy AuWqrI korIaf nMU aYtmI qknIk dyx bdly dUr mfr imjLfeIl qknIk vI hfsl kr leI sI.

          ies iksm dI kfmXfbI kfrn hI jnrl musLwrPL ny BfrqI ksLmIr ivwc kfrigl jMg dI sfijsL GV leI sI jo amrIkI rfsLtrpqI ibwl kilMtn dI byruKI aqy BfrqI POjI qfkq kfrn isry nf lwg skI. kfrigl XuWD,  musLwrPL aqy sLrIPL ivckfr drfV df kfrn bixaF ijs ny musLrwPL df kursI vwl rsqf sfPL kIqf.

          amrIkf aqy pfiksqfn dy sfsLkF dIaF njLrF hyT plL irhf ieslfimk kwtVvfd 20 ku sflF ivwc eynf ku blvfn ho jfvygf ies df aMdfjLf nf amrIkf nMU sI aqy nf hI kwtVvfd dy jnmdfqf pfiksqfn nMU sI. pqf Aus smyN hI lwgf jd amrIkf `qy 9/11 hmly dIaF qfrF Esfmf-ibn-lfidn rfhIN kfbul `qy kfbjL kwtVpMQI qfilbfnF nfl juV geIaF. dunIaF dy Qfxydfr ny afpxf nwk bcfAux vfsqy musLwrPL nMU awKF ivKfeIaF aqy aPLgfinsqfn `qy hwlf bol idwqf. awj aPLgfinsqfn ivwc amrIkf aqy Aus dy sihXogIaF dIaF POjF qYnfq hn aqy pfiksqfn ivwc amrIkf dy hjLfrF POjI qy gupqcr bYTy hn pr hflfq lgfqfr bykfbU huMdy jf rhy hn. hjLfrF mdrwisaF vloN lgfqfr 20 sfl pYdf kIqy gey kwtVpMQIaF nMU hrfAuxf afsfn kMm nhIN hovygf aqy not krn vflI gwl ieh hY ik kwtVfdI pYdf krn vflI msLIn ajy vI idn rfq pYdfvfr ivwc lwgI hoeI hY. ajy pfik: surMg dy aMq qwk vI rosLnI dI koeI ikrn njLr nhIN af rhI. rwb KYr kry!

-blrfj idEl

 


brYNptn isivk hspqfl bfry eynf Ehlf ikAuN?

          bIqy sLukrvfr nMU nvyN bxy brYNptn isivk hspqfl df AudGftn, ivsLysL swdf pwqr `qy swdy gey mihmfnF dI hfjLrI ivwc kr idwqf igaf. ies mOky subfeI aqy PYzrl ishq mMqrIaF qoN ielfvf brYNNptn nfl sbMDq aYm pI, aYm pI pI, kONslr, brYNptn dI myar aqy pIal Kyqr dy aiDkfrI vI hfjLr sn. hspqfl dy Kuwlx `qy rsmI KusLI df iejLhfr kIqf igaf aqy agly idn hI pIal mmorIal ivwcoN jLyry ielfj mrIjLF dI trFsPr df kMm sLurU hoieaf ijs dy pUrf hMudy sfr hI pIal mmorIal (purfxf hspqfl) bMd kr idwqf igaf.

          bIqy sLnIvfr nMU brYNptn hYlQ kolIsLn vloN iek pbilk mIitMg kIqI geI ijs ivwc ZfeI sO dy krIb sLihrIaF ny isLrkq kIqI. ies mIitMg df mksd pIal mmorIal nMU bMd kIqy jfx aqy nvyN hspqfl ivwc pRfeIvyt iDr (pI-3, pbilk prFeIvyt pfrtnrisLp) dI ihwsydfrI bfry jfxkfrI hfsl krnf aqy ieh jfxkfrI lokF nfl sFJI krnf sI. hYlQ kolIsLn ny ies vfsqy brYNptn nfl sbMDq cfry aYm pI pI, hspqfl dy aiDkfrIaF aqy istI kONslrF nMU sLihr dI myar smyq swdf idwwqf hoieaf sI. bdiksmqI nfl iehnF ivwcoN kONslr ivwkI iZloN nMU Cwz ky bfkI sfry hI afny-bhfny gYr hfjLr rhy. cMgf huMdf jy ieh cuxy hoey afgU pbilk mIitMg ivwc phuMcdy aqy lokF dy svflF dy juvfb idMdy iehnF dI gYr hfjLrI nfl lokF dy KLdsLy hor gihry ho gey hn. subfeI coxf qoN aYn pihlF ieh afgU pIal mmorIal bfry bhuq icMquq jfpdy sn pr hux ikAuNik votF cfr sfl dUr hn ies leI sLfied lokF dy KdsLy dUr krn vfsqy bhuq smF ipaf hY.

          hYlQ kolIsLn ny ies pbilk mIitMg ivwc bhuq sfry aMkVy pysL kIqy jo AuhnF muqfibk AuhnF ny jF qF “ivlIam Eslr” sMsQf dI vYb-sfeIt qoN ley hn jo ik hspqfl clfANdI hY aqy jF srkfr nfl lMbI adflqI lVfeI qoN bfad pRfpq kIqy hn. hYlQ kolIsLn ny iehnF aMikVaF nfl sfbq krn dI koisLsL kIqI ik nvF hspqfl pihlF aMdfjLy gey Krcy qoN qkrIbn zyZ guxF Krcy nfl bixaF hY aqy ies dy mukMml hox qwk dwugxf Krcf afvygf.

          kolIsLn muqfibk ieh hspqfl 325 qoN 350 imlIan zflr dy krcy nfl bxfieaf jfxf sI aqy ies qoN pihlIaF subfeI coxF ivwc ilbrlF ny pI-3 plfn dI sKLq ivroDqf kIqI sI aqy qfk qivwc afAuNdy sfr hI mgYNtI srkfr ny hspqfl df pRjYkt Twp kr idwqf sI. zyZ ku sfl Twp rwKx qoN bfad mgYNtI srkfr ny pI-3 plfn nMU mfmUlI Pyr bdl kr ky hspqfl dI AusfrI nMU hrI JMzI dy idwqI sI. pihlF qF ies dyrI kfrn hspqfl nMU Ausfry jfx df Krcf pihly aMdfjLy qoN vD igaf sI pr iPr ies ivwc hor vfDf ho igaf ijs kfrn hspqfl dy 608 bYWzF qoN hux 479 bYWz hI AuplBd krvfey gey hn. hux qwk Krcf 650 imlIamn dy krIb dwiusaf igaf hY aqy mukMml hox qwk ieh Krcf 800 imlIan qoN twp jfvygf.

          hYlQ kolIsLn muqfibk sQfnk BfeIcfry nMU ies df 30% PMz ryjL krn vfsqy afiKaf igaf hY aqy AusfrI df Krcf vD ky qkrIbn duwgxf hox nfl lokF qoN vI duwgxf 30% mMigaf jf irhf hY jd ik ies swB kuJ vfsqy srkfr afp ksUrvfr hY aqy ieh KimafjLf srkfr nMU afp Bugqxf cfhIdf hY. kuJ lok lokF nMU zrfvy vI dy rhy hn ik jy lokF ny 30% dfn nf idwqf qF AuhnF `qy hor pRfprt tYks lgfey jf skdy hn jF ishq syvfvF `qy hor kwt lgfeI jf skdI hY. hYlQ kolIsLn ny ies hwl df sKLq ivroD kIqf hY aqy srkfr nMU ies dI pUrI qrF ijLMmyvfr dwisaf hY.         

          ijwQoN qwk ishq syvfvF `qy kwt lgfAux df svfl hY Auh qF brYNptn dy sLihrI pihlF hI bhuq sflF qoN shfr rhy hn. pMj lwK dI abfdI nMU Zukx vfly sLihr vfsqy isrPL iek 350 bYWzF df hspqfl hI sI aqy nvF Kuwlx nfl bYWz smF 479 hI hoey hn aqy lokF dI bYWz dugxy hox dI afs `qy Aus smyN pfxI iPr igaf jd purfxf hspqfl aniscq smyN vfsqy bMd kr idwqf igaf hY.

          kuJ lok ieh rOlf pf rhy hn ik PMz ryjL krnf cfhIdf hY nhIN qF pMjfbI BfeIcfry dI nwk kwtI jfvygI jo ik PjLUl dIaF gwlF hn.  hYrfnI ies gwl dI hY ik lokF dy KdsLy dUr krn dI QF dfn mMigaf jf irhf hY aqy Auh vI zrvy dy dy ky. lok pI-3 isstm bfry puwCdy hn qF ies df koeI qswlIbKLsL juvfb nhIN imldf. pRfeIvyt iDr hspqfl ivwc bYTI hY aqy Es ny afpxf Dn pqf nhIN ikMny guxf vDf ky kd inklxf hY pr lokF nMU dwisaf nhIN jf irhf ik ies iDr nfl srkfr vloN kIqf igaf iekrfrnfmf iks qrF df hY. ies iekrfrnfmy ivwc lokF df DMn lwg cuwkf hY  aqy hor lwg irhf hY pr lokF qoN Ehlf ikAuN rwiKaf jf irhf hY?

          kuJ lok ieh vI afK rhy hn ik sfrf ivvfd pMjfbI BfeIcfry ivwc hI cwl irhf hy jo ik srfsr glq pRcfr hY. brYNptn dy sfry BfeIcfry pI-3 aqy pIal mmorIal bMd hox qoN icMquq hn aqy hYlQ kolIsLn dI pbilk mIitMg ivwc sfry BfeIcfiraF dI pRqIinDqf sI. brYNptn dy pRmuwK aMgryjLI aKLbfr brYNptn gfrzIan ny hspqfl dy mudy `qy BrvIN krvryj kIqI hY aqy srkfr qoN Auh sfry svfl puwCy hn jo pMjfbI BfeIcfry ivwc ipwCoN AuBry jF AuBfry gey hn.

          gurU nfnk dyv jI dy nfm `qy aYmrjMsI vfrz df nfm rwK dyx nfl hI sfnMU awKF `qy pwtI nhIN bMn lYxI cfhIdI aqy jo lok ieh iksm dI slfh dy rhy hn Auh iksy mjbUrI vws hI ajyhf kr rhy jfpdy hn.  dfn dI rkm vI lokF dI hY aqy srkfrI dMn vI lokF dy lhU psIny dI hI kmfeI hY ies leI lokF dy KLdsLy dUr krny jLrUrI hn. lokF nMU hr svfl krn df pUrf hwk hY aqy srkfr lokF sfhmxy juvfb dyh hY.

          ieh pRcfr vI kIqf jf irhf hy ik vlMtIar kMm krnf bhuq muusLkl hY aqy jo lok vlMtIar kMm kr rhy hn ASuhnF dI nukqfcInI nf kIqI jfvy. vlMtIar kMm krn vfilaF nMU vI cfhIdf hY ik Auh jF qF sbMDq jfxkfrI lokF nMU lY ky dyx aqy jy ajyhf nhIN kr skdy qF “Kvfjy df gvfh zwzU” vflf rol adf nf krn aqy srkfr qy aiDkfrIaF nMU lokF df sfhmxf krn dyx.

          vlMtIar dy qOr `qy kMm krn dI Zfl hyT 800 imlIan zflr dy pRfjYkt bfry lokF nMU svfl puwCx qoN rokxf iksy qrF vI jfiejL nhIN hY. hYlQ kolIsLn nMU cfr sfl srkfr nfl adflq ivwc kfnUMnI lVfeI lVn qoN bfad hI ies bfry kuJ jfxkfrI hfsl hoeI hY. ies Ehly nfl nfl lokF dy KdsLy hor vD gey hn. afKr brYNptn isivk hspqfl bfry eynf Ehlf ikAuN  rwikaf jf irhf hY?

-blrfj idEl

 


krmkFz nMU AuqsLfhq kr irhf hY Dfrimk kwtVvfd!

          bIqy idnIN iek Dfrimk smfgm mOky iek sQfnk gurdvfrf sfihb ivwc jfx df mOkf imilaf aqy ies smyN iek ZfzI jQf styj qoN ZfzI rfg duafrf syvf kr irhf sI. ies jQy df afgU bhuq josL nfl iswKI dIaF isPLqF ibafn kr irhf sI aqy nfl hI ieh vI afK irhf sI ik Drm sfry hI cMgy hn aqy mnuwKqf dy Bly df kMm krdy hn. pr agly sfh hI jQydfr ny ieh dfavf kr idwqf ik Drm BfvyN sfry cMgy hn pr iswK Drm swB qoN AuWqm qy mfzrn hY aqy ies df aDfr ivigafnk hY. iswKI dy ivigafnk hox dy Aus ny afpxy vloN kuJ sbUq vI pysL kIqy ijhnF ivwc jpujI sfihb ivwc lwKF akfsL aqy pqfl hox df vrnx, sbUq vjoN pysL kIqf jo jQydfr muqfibk awj sfieMs ny sfbq kr idwqf hY.  jQy dy jQydfr sfihb ny ieh sbUq bhuq dlIl nfl pysL kIqf ik iswKI krmkFzF df ivroD krdI hY aqy pRYktIkl jIvn jfc dwsdI hY.

          iswK PlsPLy vwl ikqfbI ilhfjL nfl vyKIey qF iehnF dfaivaF ivwc bhuq dm ivKfeI idMdf hY pr jd awj dI aslIaq jF afK lE ik iswKI dy bhuqy pYrokfrF dI pRYkits vl Jfq mfrIey qF ivcoN kuJ hor hI inkldf hY. Drm aqy mirXfdf dy nfm `qy isafsI afgU kuwkVF vFg lVdy ivKfeI idMdy hn. iek pfsy muwK mMqrI aqy akflI afgU pRkfsL isMG bfdl `qy akfl qKLq aqy sLRomxI kmytI nMU isasI ihwqF leI vrqx df dosL lgdf hY aqy dUjy pfsy dosL lgfAux vfilaF aMdr JfqI mfrIey qF Auh Kud afp iehI kuJ krdy rhy hn, kuJ ku ajy kr vI rhy hn aqy bcidaF nMU duwK ies gwl df hY ik bfdl DVf ieh kuJ krn ivwc AuhnF qoN awgy ikAuN inkl igaf hY.

          “swcf-sOdf” ivvfd ivwc ijs ZMg nfl iswKI nMU Kqry df rfg alfipaf igaf hY Aus qoN iksy nMU sLwk nhIN rihxI cfhIdI ik Drm nMU Kqry df rfg alfpx vfly afp ikwQy KVy hn? pMjfb coxF mOky ijhVy kwtVpMQI akflIaF nMU hrfAux vfsqy “sOdf-sfD” vloN kFgrs dI mdd qoN bfgobfg sn EhI akflI srkfr bnx qoN bfad “sOdf-sfD” df isr mMgx lwg pey sn. “sOdf-sfD” `qy kukrm krn aqy kql krvfAux dy dosL qF pMjfb coxF qoN vI bhuq pihlF dy lwg rhy sn pr Es smyN “sOdf-sfD” aqy kwtVpMQIaF df kfj sFJf sI aqy Auh sI akflIaF nMU hrfAuxf aqy kFgrsIaF nMU ijqfAuxf df. nf qF kwtVpMQIaF nMU iswKI dy asUlF nfl pihlF vwD moh sI aqy nf hux vwD moh hY, Auh qF moh df ZgvMj rcf ky afpxf AuWlU iswDf krnf cfhuMdy hn.

          Gwt iksy qoN akflI vI nhIN hn, iek pfsy pMjfb ivwc amn-sLFqI df ijLMmf AuhnF dy isr hY nhIN qF pMjfb dI srkfr tuwt jfvygI. Bfjpf aqy kyNdr dy qyvr akflIaF nMU “sOdf-sfD” qoN pUrf bdlf lYx dI afigaf nhIN idMdy pr Auh zyry nMU suwkf bKLsLxf vI nhIN cfhuMdy ies leI kwtVpMQIaF dI ‘imafnI qlvfr’ qF akflIaF nMU suhfvxI lgdI hY. Auh qF bws qlvfr nMU imafn ivcoN kwZx qoN hI vrj rhy hn.

          krmkFz dI hwd qF Es smyN vI ho geI sI jd idwlI dI kFgrsI pRBfv vflI gurdvfrf kmytI dy afgUaF ny nnkfxf sfihb vfsqy son-pflkI bxfAux df aYlfn kr idwqf sI. lokF ny sLrDf vws sonf dfn krnf sLurU kr idwqf sI, pflkI bxI vI aqy rfjsI sLfno-sLokq nfl gurU bfby dI ngrI nfnkfxf sfihb phuMcfeI vI geI pr ies swB kuJ df insLfnf rfjsI sI qy lokF leI iKwc krmkFzI sI. ies son pflkI dI muwK drbfr hfl ivwc vrqoN dy rsqy ivwc sMgmrmr dI Auh pflkI aiVkf bx geI ijs dI bhuq ieiqhfsk mhwqqf hY. ies sfry rfmrOly ivwc sMgq dy sony aqy pYsy dy dfn dy kuJ ihwsy nMU kuMzI iek syvf vflf bfbf lgf igaf sI ijs dy krmkFz df bolbflf KUb rfs afieaf.

          krmkFz dI pRyrnf sdky hI sRI gurU gRMQ sfihb dy srUp ivsLysL hvfeI jhfjL rfhIN ivdysL lY ky afAux df kMm sLurU hoieaf aqy ieh kMm torFto dy iswKF dy ihwsy afieaf sI. ies bfry vI bhuq ivvfd pYdf hoieaf sI jd bhuq sfrIaF bIVF rfqo rfq hI iksy ax-dwsI jgfH Byj idwqIaF geIaF sn. torFto qoN ipwCoN bIVF vfsqy iek ivsLysL jhfjL ietlI nMU vI Byijaf igaf sI.

          svfl pYdf huMdf hY ik kI ivsLysL jhfjLF rfhIN bIVF ivdysL Byjx jF lY ky afAux df aml krmkFz qoN pRyrq nhIN hY? kI ipCly 100 sfl qoN AuWqrI amrIkf ivwc ilaFdIaF geIaF sfrIaF hI bIVF mirXfdf df AulMGx kr ky ilaFdIaF geIaF sn? kI ajyhf krn qoN ibnF AuWqrI amrIkf ivwc gurdvfry bxfey jfxy sMBv sn? brqfnIaF, kInIaF, isMGpur aqy mlysLIaf afid dysLF ivwc qF gurdvfry ies qoN vI pihlF dy bxfey hoey hn aqy AuhnF vfsqy bIVF df pRbMD vI ivsLysL jhfjLF qoN ibnF hI kIqf igaf hovygf.

          mfmlf ivsLysL jhfjLF df vI rfmrOly vflf hI hY ikAuNik dunIaF dI hr kMpnI hvfeI jhfjL vpfr krn vfsqy KrIddI hY aqy vpfr ivwc swB kuJ jfiejL hY ikAuNik insLfnf pRfiPt bxfAux df huMdf hY. koeI kMpnI vI iksy jhfjL nMU iksy Drm dI mirXfdf dy muqfibk nhIN vrq skdI AuhnF vfsqy do mirXfdfvF huMdIaF hn iek eyvIeysLn dy inXmF dI mirXfdf aqy dUjI lfB kmfAux dI vpfrk mirXfdf. jhfjLF ivwc hr iksm dy lok Zoey jFdy hn aqy hr iksm df smfn vI Zoieaf jFdf hY ijs ivwc sLrfb aqy mfs df syvn aqy Zoaf ZuafeI qoN lY ky qMbfkU qwk dI ivkrI aqy Zuaf ZuafeI huMdI hY. iek iek bIV nMU BfvyN iek iek sIt `qy afdr sihq rwK ky lY aFdf jfvy pr Aus sIt `qy pqf nhIN  iks iks iksm dy lok pihlF bYT cuwky huMdy hn aqy iks iks iksm dy lokF ny ipwCoN bYTxf huMdf hY.

          svfl pYdf huMdf hY ik kI sIt dI sLuDqf iek krmkFzI ivcfr nhIN hY? kI sLbd gurU df iKafl iswK nMU mn dI sLuDqf vwl pRyrq nhIN krdf? kI gur iswK ajyhy krmkFzI bx ky vI iswKI dy ivigafnk aqy mfzrn Drm hox df dfavf kr skdy hn?

          hux smuMdrI kMntynr rfhIN sRI gurU gRMQ sfihb dy srUp vYnkUvr ilaFdy jfx df mfmlf qUl PV igaf hY. ies sfry mfmly ivwc aMgryjLI dI khfvq vFg “d sLUa iejL afn df adr Puwt” Bfv juwqI hux dUjy pYr ivwc hY. ies mfmly ivwc ksUrvfr grdfnI jf rhI iDr kwtVpMQIaF dI afpxI iDr hY. jy ikqy iehI kMm pMjfb ivwc sLromxI kmytI aMimRqsr vflI ny jF akflIaF ny kIqf huMdf aqy vYnkUvr ivwc kMntynr mMgvfAux vflI iDr AudfrvIaF dI huMdI qF kwtVpMQIaF ny hux qwk “aYlfny jMg” kr dyxf sI. kwtVpMQI ivcfry PLs ksUqy gey hn iek pfsy akflIaF dy dusmLx aqy kwtVpMQIaF dy ipafry srnf Brf hn aqy dUjy pfsy vYnkUvr ivwc irpdumn isMG milk dI sMsQf hY. mfVf ivcfry hux afpixaF nMU ikMJ afKx? iehI kfrn hY ik sMG pfV pfV ky mirXfdf df rOlf pfAux vfly keI nfmvr kwtVpMQI hux mOn ho gey hn.

          juvfb ivwc ieh pRcfiraf jf irhf hY ik bIqy 30 jF vwD sflF qoN srUp kMntynrF rfhIN Byjy jF mMgvfey jf rhy hn. srnf ny qF ieh vI afK idwqf hY ik srUp zfk rfhIN Byjx dI afigaf dyx vflf inXm sLRomxI kmytI ny 1943 jF 1944 df afp pfs kIqf hoieaf hY. ieh EhI iDr hY jo pfrtI hflF ivwc srUp Byjx `qy pfbMDI lgfAux vfly ktVpMQI sfbkf jQydfr rxjIq isMG dy hukmnfmy dI smrQk hY. ieh EhI iDr hY jo vYnkUvr ivwc gurdvfiraF dy lMgr hflF ivwc 100 ku sfl qoN kursIaF dI pRclwq rvfieq dy Elt qwpVF dy hwk ivwc ktVpMQI sfbkf jQydfr rxjIq isMG qoN hukmnfmf jfrI krvfAux vflI hY ijs kfrn awj vYnkUvr df iswK BfeIcfrf doPfV hoieaf ipaf hY aqy burI qrF lhU-luhfx vI ho cuwkf hY.

          kI ivsLysL hvfeI jhfjL dIaF keI vfr rMg brMgy XfqrIaF vloN vrqIaF geIaF sItF mYirj hflF qoN vwD pivwqr hn? kI smuMdrI jhfjL dy kMntynr iehnF sItF qoN Gwt pivwqr hn? jy hn  qF ikAuN? kI pfrsl (zfk rfhI) rfhIN Byjy srUp kMtynr nfloN vwD pivqrqf nfl phuMcdy hn jF ik kI koeI XfqrI afpxy sUt kys ivwc srUp ilaf ky mirXfdf df AulMGx krdf hY? ajyhy keI svfl hn jo ies ivvfd qoN pYdf huMdy hn aqy Dfrimk afgUaF qoN juvfbF dI mMg krdy hn.

          iehnF swB svflF df mUl krmkFz hY aqy jy jQydfr sihbfn isafsI nukqy nfl iehnF dy juvfbF df aDfr vI krmkFz nMU bxf ky PYslf dyxgy qF BivK ivwc ies nfl hor gihry ivvfdF df jnm hovygf aqy kwtVqf dy sfey hyT iswKI hor krmkFzI huMdI jfvygI.

-blrfj idEl

 


lMG gey swp dI lkIr nMU ipwt rhy ny BfrqI kimAUinst!

          zf: mnmohn isMG dI Gwt igxqI kFgrs srkfr vloN amrIkf nfl kIqy gey 1-2-3 pRmfxU smJOqy ny Bfrq dy kimAUinstF dy Kymy ivwc bhuq KlblI mcfeI hoeI hY. bIqy kuJ mhIinaF ivwc keI vfr ajyhIaF KLbrF afeIaF hn ik mnmohn srkfr izwgI ky izwgI qy mwDkflI coxF afeIaF ky afeIaF. AuNJ qF pihly idn qoN hI BfrqI dIaF dovF kimAUinst pfrtIaF ny Bfrq-amrIkf isvlIan pRmfxU smJOqy df ivroD kIqf hY pr ivroDI sur keI vfr DImI aqy keI vfr iqwKI hoeI hY. iek vfr qF ieMJ jfpx lwg ipaf sI ik X[ pI[ ey[ gwTbMDn ny ieh mfmlf sulJf ilaf hY aqy kFgrs pRDfn qy XU[ pI[ ey[ cyarprsn bIbI sonIaf dI ies muwdy `qy kimAUNistF nfl koeI sur rlL geI hY pr jd bIbI ny mhfqmf gFDI dy jnm idn mOky 2 akqUbr nMU sMXukq rfsLtr ivwc bolidaF Bfrq-amrIkf isvlIan smJOqy dI pRoVqf kIqI qF Bfrq ivwc kimAUinstF ny iPr qrQwlI mcf idwqI.

          mfmlf mnmohn srkfr qoN smrQn vfps lYx qwk puwj igaf aqy ieAuN jfpx lwgf ik kFgrs mwDkflI coxF krvf lYx dy hwk ivwc hY aqy iehnF qoN kuJ lfhf vI lY skdI hY pr kuJ hIM idnF ivwc kFgrs ny afpxf stYNz bdl ilaf aqy dovF iDrF ivckfr mfmlf rPfdPLf huMdf ivKfeI idwqf. sFJI kmytI bxf ik KwbUaF dy sMLky dUr krn dI gwl kIqI geI pr ieh swB kuJ 7 akqUbr nMU iPr Tih TyrI ho igaf jd  hirafxf ivc iek jnqk rYlI dOrfn kFgrs pRDfn qy XU[ pI[ ey[ cyarprsn bIbI sonIaF vwloN pRmfxU smJOqy dy ivroDIaF nUM dysL dy ivkfs dy dusLmx krfr idwqf. bIbI ny ieh kuJ acfnk afK idwqf jF ik ieh KwbUaF df  ierfdf prKx vfsqy sI ieh qF bIbI hI jfxdI hovygI pr ies nfl srkfr aqy ies dIaF BfeIvfl iDrF ivc dUrI hor vD geI sI.

          ies ipwCoN bjurg kimAUinst afgU kfmryz joqI bfsU ny Kwby pwKI afgUaF nUM smJOqy leI koeI rsqf kwZx dI slfh vI idwqI pr nfl hI ieh vI ikhf hY ik kimAUinst pfrtIaF mwDkflI coxF leI iqafr hn. lgdy hwQ hI kyNdrI gRih rfj mMqrI sRI pRkfsL jYsvfl ny spwsLt sLbdF ivc afK idwqf ik Bfrq-amrIkf pRmfxU smJOqy qoN ipCy nhIN hitaf jf skdf, ies leI BfvyN srkfr dI blI hI ikAuN nf dyxI pvy. iesy dOrfn kFgrs pRDfn sRImqI sonIaf gFDI dI rfsLtrpqI sRImqI pRiqBf pfitl nfl acfnk hoeI mulfkfq ny isafsI hlikaF ivc keI qrFH dIaF crcfvF nUM jnm dy idwqf.

          8 akqUbr dIaF surKIaF qoN pqf lwgf ik cox kimsLn vwloN rfjF dy muwK cox aiDkfrIaF nUM jnvrI 2008 qwk cox sUcIaF ivc suDfeI df kMm mukMml krn dy afdysL dy idwqy hn ijs qoN iPr mwDkflI coxF atwl jfpIaF. XU[ pI[ ey aqy Kwby pwKI afgUaF dy qyvrF qoN vI ievyN jfipaf ijvyN dovF iDrF ny pRmfxU smJOqy nUM cox muwdf bxfAux df PYslf kr ilaf hovy. mulfkfqF df islislf iPr sLurU hoieaf, lflU, pRxfb, sonIaF qoN bsU qwk dOVBwj dIaF KLbrF afeIaF aqy iPr itkitkf ho igaf. kFgrs Es smyN ipwCy htdI pRqIq hoeI jd srkfr ny ikhf ik mnmohn srkfr pMj sfl pUry krygI qy mwDkflI cox nhIN hoxgIaF.

          ajyhy aMdfjLy vI lgfey gey ik kFgrs hfeI kmFz KwbUaF nfl azjstmYNt kr rhI hY jd ik mnmohn isMG Bfrq-amrIkf smJOqf isry lgfAuxf cfhuMdy hn. ijs df Bfv sI ik mnmohn isMG kFgrs dy aMdr alwg-Qlwg pY rhy hn aqy sMBfvnf ieh vI kIqI jfx lwg peI sI ik sLfied bIbI afpxy PrMjd nMU prmot krn vfsqy ies mfmly nMU vrqx dy roNa ivwc hovy.

          ies ipwCoN mfmlf TMzf pY igaf aqy jfipaf ik kFgrs ny ‘Bfxf mMn’ ilaf hY aqy Gwt igxqI srkfr nMU cldf rwKx vfsqy KwbUaF awgy gozy tyk idwqy hn. 17 akqUbr dIaF surKIaF ivwc iPr mwDkflI coxF dI crcf BK peI ijs df aDfr srb ihMd kFgrs kmytI dI jnrl skwqr sRImqI mfrgRyt alvf dI mhfrfsLtr ivc kFgrs aqy aYn[ sI[ pI[ dI qflmyl kmytI dI mIitMg dOrfn idwqf ibafn sI ijs ivwc bIbI ny ikhf sI ik dovyN pfrtIaF mwDkflI coxF dI sUrq ivc iekmuwT ho ky kMm krngIaF. sRImqI alvf jo ik pMjfb aqy hirafxf kFgrs dy mfmilaF dI vI ieMcfrj hY ny ieh vI ikhf sI ik AuhnF ny pfrtI vrkrF dI cMzIgVH ivKy hoeI mIitMg ivc vI vrkrF nUM mwDkflI coxF leI iqafr rihx leI ikhf sI.

          16 akqUbr nMU hI kFgrs dy bulfry sLkIl aihmd ny pwqrkfrF nfl gwlbfq kridaF ikhf ik pRmfxU smJOqy nUM kFgrs ny guwTy nhIN lgfieaf qy nf hI iksy TMZy bsqy `c pfieaf hY. AuhnF ikhf ik pRDfn mMqrI zf: mnmohn isMG dI amrIkI rfsLtrpqI busL nfl Pon `qy ieh gwlbfq ik pRmfxU smJOqy ivc musLiklF af rhIaF hn, df mqlb ieh nhIN ik smJOqy nUM pfsy rwK idwqf igaf hY. AuhnF ikhf ik pRmfxU muwdy `qy pRDfn mMqrI nUM XU[pI[ ey[ dIaF sfrIaF iDrF df smrQn hfisl hY qy KwbIaF pfrtIaF nfl jo vKryvyN hn AuhnF `qy gwlbfq cwl rhI hY qy AumId hY XU[pI[ ey[ dy cOKty ivc ies df hwl inkl afeygf. jfhr hY ik 1-2-3 smJOqy df ryVkf ajy jfrI hY.

          hYrfnI ies gwl dI hY ik BfrqI kimAUinst (dovyN pRmuwK kimAUinst pfrtIaF) ies muwdy `qy iqlkxbfjLI vflI nIqI ikAuN apxf rhIaF hn? kFgrs spsLt kr cuwkI hY ik Bfrq-amrIkf isvlIan pRmfxU smJOqf hr hflq dyr-svyr isry lgfieaf jfvygf. ijs df Bfv hY ik jy srkfr tuwt vI geI qF mwDkflI coxF qoN ipwCoN jF jy srkfr pUry pMj sfl cwl vI geI qF aglIaF coxF qoN ipwCoN jy kFgrs srkfr bxdI hY qF ieh smJOqy isry lgfieaf jfvygf. ies smJOqy pRqI kFgrs dI bcnbwDqf `qy sLwk krn dI koeI guMjfiejL nhIN jfpdI pr kimAUinstF dy ivroD dy kfrn aqy kimAUinstF dI ivroD pRqI bcnbwDqf dovyN hI sLwk dy Gyry ivwc hn.

          kimAUinst ies mfmly ivwc byqukIaF gwl kr rhy hn aqy Auh Kud vI ies mfmly `qy vMzy hoey pRqIq huMdy hn. pwCmI bMgfl dy muwK mMqrI buDfdyv BwtfcfrIaf aqy joXqI bsU dovyN pfrtI dI lfeIn qF toa kr rhy jfpdy hn pr nfl hI AuhnF dy afpxy ivcfr ies smJOqy pRqI bhuq nrm aqy hF pwKI jfpdy hn.

          kimAUinst afK rhy hn ik amrIkf ies smJOqy nfl Bfrq `qy hfvI ho jfvygf aqy Bfrq dy POjI pRmfxU pRogrfm nMU pRBfivq krygf jF Bfrq vloN BivK ivwc pRmfxU qjrbf kr ley jfx dI sUrq ivwc ieh smJOqf Kfrj kr dyvygf. ieh KdsLy inry KdsLy hI hn ikAuNik nf qF Bfrq nyV BivK ivwc pRmfxU qjrbf krn jf irhf hY aqy nf hI mfhrF muqfibk ajyhf krn dI koeI loV hY. sgoN Bfrq ny qF Kud hI pRmfxU qjrbf nf krn dI pfbMdI afpxy afp `qy lgfeI hoeI hY. jy Bfrq nMU loV pYx `qy pRmfxU prK krn df hwk hY qF amrIkf smyq hr dysL nMU Bfrq nfl afpxI iewCf jF nIqI muqfibk pRmfxU sihXog rwd krn df vI pUrf hwk hY. iksy vI iksm dy smJOqy hyT iksy vI pRBUswqfsMpn dysL nMU hr hflq ivwc iksy nfl sihXog krn vfsqy mjbUr nhIN kIqf jf skdf. awj Bfrq aqy amrIkf ivcfkfr iksy vI iksm df pRmfxU sihXog nhIN  hY aqy ieh sihXog iksy vI hor pRmfxU qfkq jF pRmfxU klwb dy mYNbr nfl vI nhIN hY ikAuNik Bfrq ny aYn[pI[tI[ `qy dsqKq nhIN kIqy hoey. ies “pRmfxU apsfr sMDI” (inAUklIar nfn-pilPrysLn)  `qy dsqKq nf krn dy Bfrq kol afpxy Tos kfrn hn aqy 1-2-3 nfm df ieh Bfrq-amrIkf isvlIan pRmfxU smJOqf Bfrq nMU ibnF aYn[pI[tI[ `qy dsqKq kIiqaF ‘pRmfxU klwb’ nfl isvlIan pRmfxU Kyqr ivwc sihXog dI shUlq idMdf hY. AuNJ BfvyN dunIaF ivwc 5 pRvfxq aYtmI qfkqF hn pr ‘pRmfxU klwb’ ivwc kYnyzf aqy jpfn smyq drjnF Auh dysL hn jo pRmfxU qknIk dI Kfs muhfrq rwKdy hn.

          ies sMDI nfl Bfrq afpxy isvlIan pRmfxU Kyqr df qyjLI nfl ivkfs krn dy Xog hI nhIN ho jfvygf sgoN nyV BivK ivwc afpxI isvlIan pRmfxU qknIk aqy rIaYktr vI dunIaF nMU vycx dy Xog ho jfvygf. ies nfl vpfr aqy pRBfv dovF ivwc hI vfDf hovygf qy nfl hI dysL dIaF CVwpy mfr ky vD rhIaF ibjlI dIaF loVF pUrIaF hoxgIaF ijs nfl qrwkI dI dr vDygI. dunIaF Br dy pRmfxU mfhr ies gwl `qy sihmq hn ik kMipAUtr dI nvIn qknIk kfrn pRmfxU qfkqF leI hor pRmfxU qjrby krny jLrUrI nhIN hn aqy ajyhy qjrby kMipAutr dI mdd nfl pRXogsLflf dy aMdr prdy nfl ho skdy hn. BfrqI kimAUinst qF Bfrq-amrIkf rwiKaf sihXog dy vI hwk ivwc nhIN hn qy POjI msLkF df vI ivroD krdy hn. cIn, rfjsI qfkq `qy jkV vfsqy kimAUinst huMdf hoieaf vI bdl cuwkf hY aqy sovIaq XUnIan qy sovIaq blfk kd df tuwt cukf hY pr BfrqI kimAUnist ajy vI lMG gey swp dI lkIr nMU ipwtI jf rhy hn.                                              

-blrfj idEl

akqUbr 20, 2007

 


lokF dI ihwqkfrI srkfr Auh jo lokF dIaF jybF `qy zfkf nf mfry

          EntyrIE sUby dIaF coxF ho htIaF hn aqy hux PYzrl coxF dI crcf cwl rhI hY. jd sfl 2003 dy aMq ivwc ilbrl afgU aqy pRDfn mMqrI sRI XF ikRqIaF dI bFh mroV ky sRI pfl mfritn swqf `qy kfbjL hoey sn qF koeI ies gwl df supnf vI nhIN sI lY skdf ik kYnyzf ivwc Gwt igxqI srkfrF df dOr sLurU ho jfvygf. ijs ZMg nfl sRI pfl mfritn lwgBwg ibnF mukfblf ilbrl pfrtI dy isMGfsn `qy bYTy sn Aus qoN jfpdf sI ik Auh lMbf smF dysL dy isMGfsn df inwG mfnxgy. pr dysL dy lokF dy mn ivwc kuJ hor sI aqy aglIaF coxF ivwc sRI mfritn msF Gwt igxqI srkfr hI bxf sky sn jo bhuqI dyr nf cwl skI. iPr vfrI afeI kMsrvtv pfrtI Gwt igxqI srkfr dI ijs dI hflq awj geI ky geI vflI bxI hoeI hY.

          stIvn hfrpr dI srkfr sMsd df aglf sYsLn ‘Qron spIc’  nfl sLurU krn vflI hY ijs ivwc sMsdI pRnflI dI rvfieq muqfibk srkfr dIaF aglIaF nIqIaF aqy pRogrfmF df vrnx huMdf hY. Gwt igxqI srkfrF aksr gvrnr jnrl (keI dysLF ivwc rfsLtrpqI) vloN pVHI jfx vflI ies ‘Qron spIc’ ivwc ivroDI pfrtIaF dy mn nMU BfAux vflIaF kuJ nIqIaF nMU vI qrfsL-qrUsL ky apxfAuNdIaF hn qF ik ies spIc nMU sMsd qoN pfs krvf ilaf jfvy. pr ies vfr ijwQy ivroDI pfrtIaF df rvweIaf sKLq ho igaf jfpdf hY AuWQy swqfDfrI pfrtI vI afpxIaF nIqIaF ivwc lck ivKfAux nMU iqafr nhIN jfpdI. ies df iswtf srkfr izgx ivwc inkl skdf hY aqy kOmI coxF df ibgul lgdy hwQ hI vwj skdf hY.

          KLjLfnf mMqrI dy rUp ivwc jnfb pfl mfritn tYksF dy bfdsLfh igxy jFdy sn aqy AuhnF iek pfsy tYksF ivwc vfDf kr ky aqy dUjy pfsy srkfrI syvfvF ivwc ktOqI kr ky, dysL nMU bjt Gfty ivwcoN srplws ivwc lY aFdf sI. pRDfn mMqrI dy isMGfsn `qy ibrfjmfn huMdy sfr afpxy ies “cMgy” afriQk rIkfrz dy isr `qy hI Auh 10 sfl rfj krnf locdy sn aqy AuhnF df ies supnf pUrf nhIN sI hoieaf. hYrfnI dI gwl ieh hY ik  jd sRI bfb rya ny afriQk mMdhflI df mukfblf krn vfsqy sKLq afriQk nIqIaF apxfeIaF sn qF vwzy XUnIanvfd ny AuhnF nMU vKLq pf idwqf sI pr jd pfl mfritn ny iehI kuJ PYzrl pwDr `qy kIqf sI aqy kIqf vI lgfqfr 12-13 sfl sI qF dysL dy ilbrl mIzIey dI mdd nfl Auh bydfg hI nhIN sn rhy sgoN hor qfkqvr ho ky inkly sn.

          tYksF qoN ibnF srkfrF cwl nhIN skdIaF ikAuNik srkfrF dI afmdn df sfDn tYks hI huMdy hn. tYksF dI afmdn nfl hI aPLsrsLfhI dIaF qnKfhF, ishq, puils, ividaf aqy hor syvfvF dI adfiegI huMdI hY. jfiejL aqy ZukvF tYks ikMnf hovy aqy srkfrF sLihrIaF dy KUMn psIny dI kmfeI nMU “hrfm” nf krn, ieh ajoky styt aqy sLihrIaF vfsqy  iek cxOqI Biraf muwdf hY. rfjsI pfrtIaF dIaF afriQk nIqIaF, cox mYnIPYsto, cox bihsF aqy afzItr jrnl, lokF dI kmfeI nMU “hrfm” hoxo rokx dI koisLsL df hI ihwsf hn. pr srkfrF iPr vI lokF nMU JukfnI dy jFdIaF hn aqy iPr keI vfr “lUx guMnx” ivwc kfmXfb vI ho jFdIaF hn. lokF df idmfg GuMmfAux ivwc mIzIaf df bhuq aihm rol hY ijhf ky  huxy hoeIaF subfeI coxF ivwc vyiKaf jf skdf hY aqy ieh kuJ PYzrl pwDr `qy vI vfpr cwukf hY.

          ipClIaF subfeI coxF ivwc ilbrl afgU sRI zfltn mgYNtI ny tYks nf vDfAux df ilKqI vfadf kIqf sI jo AuhnF kursI `qy bihMdy sfr hI qoV idwqf sI. awj sUby dy lok 2[6 iblIan zflr “hYlQ-lyvI” dy rUp ivwc dy cuwky hn aqy pqf nhIN ikMnI dyr qwk idMdy rihxgy pr ieh iPr vI cox muwdf nf bixaF. hYlQ lYvI vI lgfeI geI aqy ishq syvfvF ivwc suDfr vI nf hoieaf pr srkfr iPr vI duwD DoqI hI rhI. ishq syvfvF pbilk rwKxIaF hn dy dfavy vI lgfqfr kIqy jf rhy hn pr nfl hI awKF tYst krvfAux aqy kuJ hor syvfvF vfsqy lokF dIaF jybF muMnIaF jf rhI hn pr dfavy iPr vI ishq syvfv pUrI qrF pbilk rwKx dy kIqy jf rhy hn. brYNptn ivwc nvF hspqfl pRfeIvyt pYsy nfl “kmfeI” krn vfsqy bxfieaf igaf hY pr ishq syvfvF pbilk rwKx dy dfavy iPr vI kfmXfb rhy hn. ies nMU afKdy hn lokF dIaF awKF ivwc Gwtf vI pfAuxf aqy “lok-ihqU” hox dI gurj vI afpxy kbjLy ivwc rwKxf.

          iehI kuJ jnfb mfritn ny 1993 qoN 2005 qwk kfmXfbI nfl kIqf sI. ilbrlF ny 1993 dIaF PYzrl coxF do aihm muwidaF `qy ijwqIaF sn aqy ijwqdy sfr hI iehnF dovF vfidaF qoN mukr gey sn. pihlF sI kMsrvtv pRDfn mMqrI sRI brfien mlrUnI vloN amrIkf nfl “PrI-tyrz” df kIqf igaf smJOqf rwd krn df aqy dUjf mlrUnI srkfr vloN lgfey gey tYks jI[aYs[tI[ nMU vfps lYx df. ilbrl dovF vfidaF qoN mukry vI sn aqy lokF dI kichrI ivwc kfmXfbI nfl brI vI sfPL ho gey sn qy hoey sn ilbrl mIzIey dy smrQn nfl jo awj dysL ivwc bhuq hfvI-pRBfvI ho cuwkf hY.

          gwl tYksF dI ho rhI sI aqy srkfrF vwK vwK ZMgF nfl sLihrIaF qoN tYks vsUldIaF hn. kuJ Kyqr PYzrl srkfr dy aDIn hn qy kuJ subfeI aqy imAuNspl srkfrF dy aDIn hn. iswDy tYksF ivwc afmdn tYks, PYzrl jI[aYs[tI[, kstm tYks, subfeI syljL tYks aqy KyqrI jF imAuNspl pRfprtI tYks sLfml hn. ies qoN ielfvf pfsport PIs, lYNizMg PIs, zrfieivMg lsMs PIs, vhIkl sitkr PIs, ptrol qy zIjLl vgYrf `qy keI gupq tYks, ilkr lsMs lYx dI PIs, brQ srtIPIkyt lYx dI PIs, iemfrqsfjLI jF vwzI rYnovysLn vgYrf krn dI afigaf lYx dI PIs, vfDU gfrbyj bYg dI PIs aqy hor keI qrF dIaF PIsF vI drasl aiswDy tYks hI hn.

          afmdn tYks iswDf qnKfh ivcoN kwt ilaf jFdf hY jo PYzrl srkfr kwtdI hY aqy ies ivwc ihwsf subfeI srkfrF df vI huMdf hY qy Auh afpxy ihwsy nMU GtfAux jF vDfAux vfsqy ajLfd huMdIaF hn. jI[aYs[tI[ PYzrl srkfr df hY jo stIvn hfrpr dI srkfr ny 7% qoN Gtf ky 6% kr idwqf hY aqy vfadf ies nMU 5% krn df vI kIqf hoieaf hY. EntyrIE sUby ivwc syljL tYks 8% hY jo kdy 7% huMdf sI.

          pRfprtI tYks rIjnl jF imAuNslpl srkfrF lgfAuNdIaF hn jo iksy vI sLihr dI hr iksm dI pRfprtI dy mflk nMU dyxf pYNdf hY. jo iksy pRfprtI df mflk nhIN hY Auh vI aiswDy ZMg nfl ieh tYks idMdf hY. ikrfeydfr ijs iemfrq jF bysmYNt ivwc rihMdf hY Aus df mflk ieh tYks idMdf hY aqy mflk ies tYks aqy hor KricaF nMU iDafn ivwc rwK ky hI afpxf ikrfieaf inrDfrq krdf hY. ies tYks dy aMdr hI pbilk jF kYQoilk skUlF df tYks sLfml huMdf hY ijs nfl ieh mihMgI syvf afm sLihrI nMU ‘muPLq’ df BulyKf pf ky pRdfn kIqI jFdI hY.

          ieh sfry tYks iksy nf iksy smyN aqy iksy nf iksy rUp ivwc aksr vDfey jFdy rihMdy hn. aYsf suBfg smF kdy kdfeIN hI afAuNdf hY jd koeI srkfr kdy iksy tYks nMU Gtf dyvy ijvyN hfrpr srkfr ny jI[aYs[tI[ nMU 7% qoN Gtf ky 6% kIqf hY. pRfprtI tYks iewk aYsf tYks hY jo sLfied ieiqhfs ivwc kdy Gtfieaf hI nhIN igaf qy hr sfl vDAuux vfsqy keI pYmfny vrqy jFdy hn. aKy pRfprtI dI kImq vD geI hY qy nvIN asYsmYNt muqfibk tYks vDfieaf jfvygf jF sLihr dy Krcy vD gey hn ijs vfsqy tYks ryt jF iml-ryt vDfieaf jfvygf. ies qrF ies tYks nMU vDfAux vfsqy dUhrI mfr vI mfrI jFdI hY pr bhuqy axBol sLihrI byKLbr hI rihMdy hn.

          lyKk ny ies vfsqy ijs Gr dy pRfprtI tYks nMU aDfr bxfieaf hY Auh brYNptn ivwc hY aqy 10 pihlF ies df slfnf pRfprtI tYks $3700 dy krIb sI jo hux ies sfl $4600 qoN twp cuwkf hY. aqy ieh vfDf 24[5% qoN vwD df bxdf hY. hor sLihrI KyqrF ivwc vI hflq ies qrF dI hI hY Prk 19-21 df ho skdf hY. jy vfDy ivwc iehI rPqfr rhI qF bhuq jldI hI ieh dugxf ho jfvygf pr ies dy mukfbly sLihrI syvfvF Gt rhIaF hn. vfDU gfrbyj bYgF `qy lwgI vfDU PIs ies dI iek Audfhrx hY. gfrbyj GtfAuxf aqy ies dI CFtI krnI vwKrI aqy cMgI gwl hY pr ies `qy PIs lgf dyxf sLihrIaF qoN hor tYks vsUlx vflI gwl hI hY.

          nvyN sbzvIjLn aqy Gr bxdy hn qF iblzrF qoN skUlF, sVkF aqy PuwtpfQF leI mfieaf leI jFdI hY jo Auh Gr KrIdx vfilaF qoN kImq vDf ky vsUl lYNdy hn. pRfprtI tYks ryt iPr vI vDfieaf jFdf hY ikAuNik aPLsrsLfhI, ishq aqy ividawk ZFcf mUMh awzI rwKdf hY. iehnF KyqrF ivwc kMpItIsLn dI axhoNd kfrn syvfvF df imafr lgfqfr  izwgdf jf irhf hY aqy kImq vDdI jf rhI hY. iehnF syvfvF nMU pbilk Kyqr ivwc rwKx dI rwt lgfAux vfilaF df muPLfd eysy ivwc hY ik afm lokF nMU Bfvuk kr ky asl smwisaf nMU sfhmxy nf afAux idwqf jfvy aqy lok suwq-AuxINdy hI luwt huMdy rihx. srkfrF votF dy lflc ivwc syvfvF dy suDfr dy bhfny hyT zflrF dIaF pMzF suwtdIaF rihx aqy ‘aMnI pINhdI rhy qy kuwqf cwtdf hry’.

          jLrf ipCly 4-5 sflF vwl inghf mfro ik XF ikRqIaF, pfl mfritn aqy stIvn hfrpr ny ishq syvfvF vfsqy ikMny ku iblIan zflr aYlfny hn aqy ies mfieaf nfl suDfr ikMnf ku hoieaf hY? ijhnF nMU kdy aYmrjMsI smyN iksy hspqfl jfxf ipaf hY Auh jfxdy hn ishq syvfvF ivwc suDfr hoieaf hY jF inGfr afieaf hY! ishq syvfvF dyx vfly adfiraF nMU zflr mMgx df qF pUrf hwk hY pr Auh mrIjL ikMny aqy ikvyN vyKdy hn ieh AuhnF df aMdrUnI mfmlf hY. hF ishq syvfvF hn ajy pbilk, swB isafsI pfrtI iehnF nMU rwKxIaF vI pbilk hI cfhuMdIaF hn aqy lyKk smyq bhuqy lok vI ajyhf hI cfhuMdy hn. pr pbilk ishq syvfvF pbilk df Gr vI qF pUrf krn! mfhrF df mwq hY ik ijs rPLqfr nfl pbilk ishq syvfvF `qy Krcf vD irhf hY Aus nfl styt aqy lok bhuqI dyr ishq syvfvF df iZwz Br nhIN skxgy.

          pbilk skUlF nUM vyK lE zispln KMB lgf ky AuWz igaf hY.  pVHfeI df stYNzrz lgfqfr izwgdf jf irhf hY aqy bwicaF nMU smyN dy hfx dy rwKx vfsqy ‘itAUsLnF’ dI Brmfr ho rhI hY. itAUsLnF vfly ividaf dy Kyqr ivwc afey inGfr nMU mfipaF dy Krdy `qy Brn vfsqy mYdfn ivwc afey hn. jy ieh inGfr nf huMdf qF AuhnF dI loV hI nhIN sI pYxI. pbilk skUl mihMgy ‘bybI-isitMg’ kyNdr bxdy jf rhy hn ijhnF ivwc jMglI ivakqIgq ajLfdI df rfj PYldf jf irhf aqy Auh vI lokF dI lhU psIny dI kmfeI dy isr `qy!

          cox pRcfr dOrfn sUby dI mgYNtI srkfr ny dfavf kIqf hY ik AuhnF bIqy cfr sfl skulF ivwc hVqfl nhIN hox idwqI. torFto dy myar jnfb imlr ny vI dfavf kIqf hY ik AuhnF “lybr sLFq” rwKI hY. pr iks kImq `qy? myar imlr ‘lybr sLFq’ rwKx dI kImq vsUl vfsqy torFto ivwc pRfprtI tYksF ivwc 20% qwk df vfDf krnf cfhuMdy hn. jnfb myar lYNz tRFsPr tYks (lYNz jF Gr KrId tYks) vDfAuxf cfhuMdy hn aqy nfl hI sLihr vloN vhIkl lsMs tYks vI lgfAuxf cfhUMdy hn. jy Auh lgf jFdy hn qf ies nfl sUby dy hr sLihr ivwc ies iksm dy tYks vfDy df rsqf Kuwl jfvygf. aMgryjLI dI khfvq vFg sLihrIaF nMU ‘lybr sLFq’ rwKx dI kImq afpxy “nwk rfhIN” adf krnI pvygI. zflrF dIaF pMzF nfl qF agly 100 sfl qwk kiQq ‘lybr sLFq’ rwKI jf skdI hY pr ieh lokF dIaF jybF jd jIa cfhy kwtx vflI gwl hY.

          ishq syvfvF dI vI looV hY, ividawk syvfvF vI jLrUrI hn, aPsrsLfhI, puils, Pfiear aqy hor sbMDq ivBfg vI ajoky styt dy muwK aMg hn. ieh vI swc hY ik tYksF qoN ibnF vI gujLfrf nhIN ho skdf aqy nf hI tYks hmysLf vfsqy siQr rwKy jf skdy hn aqy nf hI syvfvF siQr rwKIaF jf skdIaF hn.

          loV ies gwl dI hY ik ijs qrF hr sLihrI nMU afpxy GrylU Krcy afpxI afmdn muqfibk krny pYNdy hn, srkfrF vI ies PfrmUly nMU pUrI qrF apnfAux. ‘cfdr muqfibk pYr psfrn’ df pfT hr isafsI afgU nMU pVHnf cfhIdf hY aqy ies qoN ibnF gujLfrf nhIN ho skdf.

          lokF dI lhU psIny dI kmfeI dy tYks nMU sMjm, isafxp aqy sMkoc nfl vrqx vfly isafsI afgU hI lokF df Blf kr skdy hn. srkfr PYzrl hovy, subfeI jF imAuNspl, CotI aqy kusLl (aYPIsLYNt) srkfr hI lokF dy ihwqF dI rfKI  kr skdI hY. lok ihwqkfrI srkfr Auh hY jo lokF dIaF jybF `qy zfkf nf mfry! grIb aqy amIr ivwc vD irhf pfVf dysL aqy smfj vfsqy icMqf df ivsLf hoxf cfhIdf hY.

-blrfj idEl

akqUbr 12, 2007

 


EntyrIE coxF:

‘aslI’ mjLdUr df ihwqkfrI kOx?

     coxF ivwc 5-6 idn hI bfkI hn pr ajy vI cox buKfr bhuq hlkf hI jfpdf hY. afgUaF dIaF cox rYlIaF vI bhuqI iKwc nhIN pf skIaF aqy muwdy vI iKwc rihq hI rhy hn. afm lok sUby dIaF ishq syvfvF dy iZlypn qoN qF pRysLfn hn pr ies bfry keI qrF dy Brm BulyKy pfey jf rhy hn. sLYqfn isafsqdfn lokF nMU pbilk jF pRfeIvyt ishq syvfvF dy cwkr ivwc hI pfeI rwKxf cfhuMdy hn. bhuqy lok ishq syvfvF dy inwjIkrn dy nfm `qy zr jFdy hn aqy bihs ishq syvfvF ivwc suDfr kIqy jfx dI jgfH ishq syvfvF nMU “pbilk” rwKx qwk sImq ho ky rih jFdI hY. jd ik swc ieh hY ik ishq syvfvF nMU pbilk rwK ky vI suDfr kIqf jf skdf hY aqy kIqf jfxf cfhIdf hY. dUjy pfsy ishq syvfvF nMU pRfeIvyt krn df horF `qy ieljLfm lgfAux vfly afp cuwp cfp ishq syvfvF df sihjy sihjy inwjIkrn kr rhy hn ijhf ik brYNptn dy nvyN hwspqfl bfry sfhmxy afieaf hY.

     bx irhf brYNptn isivk hspqfl ‘pI -3’ skIm hyT bx irhf sI aqy ies bfry bhuqy jfxkfdrI rwKx vfly lok pihlF hI jfxdy sn pr ajyhy lok vI sn jo ies bfry awKF mIcI bYTy sn aqy lokF nMU ‘dfn’ dy rUp ivwc jybF ktvfAux df pfT krvf rhy sn. brYNptn hYlQ koalIsLn pihlF vI ies bfry keI vfr ibafn dy cwukI sI aqy ies bfry crcf vI ho cuwkI sI. ‘pI-3’ df arQ hY “pbilk pRfeIvyt pfrtnrisLp” aqy srkfr ies bfry cuwp sI ik pRfeIvyt pfrtnrisLp iks nfl hY, ikMnI hY aqy sbMDq iDr ikvyN pRfiPt lvygI.

     pbilk skUlF aqy Dfrimk skUlF dI PMizMg bfry asF ipCly hPLqy gwl kIqI sI aqy awj gwl krdy hF ‘aslI’ mjLdUr dy ihqkfrI kOx hn? bfry! kuJ pfTk sLfied ieh smJx ik lyKk mjLdUr dy ‘aslI’ ihwqkfrI kOx hn bfry gwl krnI cfhuMdf hY. jI nhIN gwl ieh nhIN hY sgoN   gwl hY ‘aslI’ mjLdUr dI. XUnIanvfd dy Xuwg ivwc hr ikwqf hI jQybMd ho irhf hY aqy hr XUnIan hI afpxy afp nMU vrkrF (kfimaF) dI XUnIan aKvfAuNdI hY. keI aYsy ikwqy vI ies Xuwg ivwc jQybMd ho cuwky hn ijhnF dIaF XUnIanF bx skx bfry 40-50 sfl pihlF soicaf vI nhIN sI jf skdf. jy XUnIanvfd qoN koeI ajy bicaf hY qF ieh jF qF POj hY aqy jF Auh mjLdUr jo asl ivwc mjLdUr hn Bfv Coty pwDr dy adfiraF ivwc bhuq Gwt qnKfh `qy kMm krn vfly kfmy hn ijhnF kol jQybMd hox skx jogI qfkq hI nhIN hY jF AuhnF dy jQybMd hox vfly hflfq hI nhIN hn.

     vwzy ikwiqaF nfl sbMD rwKx vflIaF vwzIaF vwzIaF XUnIanF aqy iehnF dI Cfieaf hyT ivcrn vfly ‘mjLdUr’ jF vrkr asl ivwc mjLdUr nhIN afKy jf skdy pr aYsf koeI sLbd nhIN hY ijs nfl iehnF nMU XUnIanvfd dy ZFcy dy aMdr kuJ hor afiKaf jf sky. XUnIanvfd ny vrkrF dI hflq suDfrI hY aqy ies ivwc koeI sLwk vflI gwl nhIN hY pr ies dy nfl hI ieh vI swc hY ik jQybMdk vrkr aqy gYr-jQybMdk vrkr ivckfr pfVf bhuq vwD igaf hY. iek qrF nfl vwzf XUnIanvfd vrkrF dy aMdr Bfrq vfly ‘jfqIvfd’ df Jlkfrf pfAuNdf hY.

     jLrf ku ishq syvfvF ivwc kMm krdy vwK vwK ikwiqaF dy lokF vwl iDafn mfro jo sfl df 50-60 hjLfr qoN sLurU ho ky 1 lwK zflr qoN vwD qwk kmfAuNdy hn aqy jQybMd hn. ividaf dy Kyqr ivwc bxIaF vwzIaF vwzIaF jQybMdIaF (XUnIanF) dy mYNbr jy AuhnF dI qnKfh vl vyKIey qF vrkr mMny hI nhIN jf skdy AuhnF df ruqbf qF mwD vrg jF ies qoN vwD drjy dy vpfrk adfiraF dy mflkF jF kMpnIaF dy borzF `qy bYTy zrYktrF vflf hY. pr igxy Auh XUnIanF dy mYNbr hox kfrn vrkrF ivwc hn. jd hVqfl huMdI hY qF gwl PlfxI XUnIan hVqfl `qy hY df ijLkr huMdf hY. iehI hfl isvl srivs, puils aqy Pfiear ivBfgF dIaF XUnIanF dI hY.

     dUjy pfsy AuhnF vrkrF vwl Jfq mfro jo Gwt Gwt qnKfh `qy kMm krdy jF eyjMsIaF rfhIN afrjLI kMm krdy hn. qnKfh dy mfmly ivwc jy Prk 3-4 guxf df vI hovy qd vI hY. keI hflqF ivc qF Prk 10-20 guxf qoN vI vwD df huMdf hY. Gwto Gwt AujLrq `qy kMm krn vfilaF nMU nf rotI jogI qnKfh imldI hY aqy nf hI hor Bwqy jF shUlqF hI imldIaF hn. CuwtIaF aqy CuwtIaF dI qnKfh vI nfmqr dy brfbr huMdI hY qy ies dy nfl hI dvfeIaF afpxI jyb ivwcoN aqy dMd Krfb ho jfvy qF zYNitst dy kilnk dy mUhirAuN lMGidaF vI zr lgdf hY.  bImfrI dI hflq ivwc vI ajyhy vrkr kMm krn leI mjbUr huMdy hn ikAuNik bImfrI Bwqf lYx vfsqy kMpnI vloN koeI ieMnsLorYNs nhIN huMdI aqy srkfrI ivBfg do hPLqy PokI AuzIk qoN ipwCoN qnKfh df smF 60 ku% hI idMdf hY. eynf qrwdd krn nfloN grIb mjLdUr bImfrI dOrfn aOKf ho ky kMm krnf ijLafdf cMgf smJdf hY qF ky bwicaF leI duwD-brYz KrId sky.

     dUjy pfsy motIaF XUnIanF vfly qnKfhF vI motIaF lYNdy hn qy BwiqaF dI Brmfr dy nfl nfl bImfrI kvryjL aqy pyz bImfrI CuwtIaF vI AuhnF dy Kfqy ivc huMdIaF hn. jy bImfrI vflIaF CuwtIaF sfl Br nf vrqx qF jd cfhux ieh CuwtIaF qnKfh smyq lY skdy hn. ieh Prk hY aslI mjLdUrF ivwc aqy AuhnF jQybMdk ikwiqaF ivwc jo XUnIavfd dI Cqr-Cfieaf hyT hox kfrn khfAuNdy qF vrkr hn pr asl ivwc vrkrF vflI gwl AuhnF ivwc koeI nhIN huMdI. iehnF do vrkr sLryxIaF dy ivckfr vI ajyhy vrkr hn jo ‘aslI’ vrkr qoN AuWqy aqy ‘aPLsrI’ vrkr qoN hyT hn. Auh qnKfh vI aslI vrkr qoN vwD kmfAuNdy hn aqy Bwqy vI vwD pRfpq krdy hn. iehnF ivcoN kuJ jQybMd huMdy hn aqy kuJ vDIaf mflk jF kMpnI leI kMm krdy hox kfrn cMgf gujLfrf krdy hn.

     jd kdy vrkrF dy ihwqF dI gwl huMdI hY qF Jwt afK idwqf jFdf hY ik kMsrvtv pfrtI qF mjLdUrF dI pfrtI nhIN hY jF ieh amIrF dI pfrtI hY jF keI vfr ieh mjLdUr ivroDI pfrtI hY. gwl  eyQy hI KLqm kr idwqI jFdI hY aqy bfkI bcdIaF hn do hor pfrtIaF.

     ilbrlF nMU keI nvyN axjfx iemIgrMtF, ‘lybr’ dI pfrtI hI smJdy hn, aKy ieh lybr dI pfrtI hY. iPr ies nMU iemIgrMtF dI hmdrd pfrtI vI afK idwqf jFdf hY hflFik ies df Tos sbUq koeI nhIN hY. mgYNtI sfihb ny qfkq ivwc afAuNdy sfr hI hYlQ tYks lgf idwqf sI aqy ies dI mfr hyT afey hn ‘aslI’ mjLdUr ikAuNik AuhnF kol XUnIavfd dI CqrI nhIN hY. ijs iksy kol XUnIan dI CqrI sI Auh ies mfr qoN ies leI bc igaf ikAuNik XUnIan-kMpnI kMtrYktF ivwc Eihwp PIs dI mwd pfeI huMdI hY ijs kfrn kMpnIaF ies PIs jF pRImIam nMU Brn lwg peIaF sn. mfiraf igaf Auh vrkr ijs nMU lyKk ‘aslI’ mjLdUr afK irhf hY. srkfr ny ies qrF 2[6 iblIan zflr iekwTf kIqf hY qy mfr aslI mjLdUr nMU peI hY pr iPr vI ilbrl mjLdUr pwKI igxy jFdy hn.  hux EntyrIE df bjt vfDy ivwc hY ieh dfavf jnfb mgYNtI afp krdy hn. kI hux jnfb jI hYlQ tYks vfps lY lYxgy qF ik aslI mjLdUr nMU ies tYks dI mfr qoN bcfieaf jf sky? ieh svfl ilbrlF qoN puwCxf cfhIdf hY. ishq syvfvF nMU pbilk rwKx df dfavf krn vfly ilbrlF ny awKF dy tYst nMU hYlQ iensLorYNs qoN afAuNidaF hI bfhr kwZ idwqf sI. hux inghf tYst krvfAux leI jyb KflI krnI pYNdI hY kI ieh ishq syvfvF df injIkrn nhIN hY?

     hux gwl krdy hF aYn[ zI[ pI[ dI ijs nMU kuJ lok vrkrF dI pfrtI smJdy hn. aYn[ zI[ pI[ vrkrF dI gwl jLrUr krdI hY pr ieh gwl krn qwk hI sImq hY. jy aYn[ zI[ pI[ iksy vrkr vfsqy kuJ krdI hY qF ieh jQybMdk vrkr hI hY. ieh afK dyxf ik Gwto Gwt qnKfh vDf idE bhuqf mqlb nhIN rwKdf pr jd jQybMDk lybr Kfskr vwzI XUnIan hVqfl krdI hY jF DmkI idMdI hY qF aYn[ zI[ pI[ Aus dy hwk ivwc BugqdI hY. aqy vwzI lybr asIN vyK hI ilaf hY ik iks iksm dy ruqby vflI hY. aYn[ zI[ pI[ `qy BfrU hn vwzIaf jQybMdk XUnIanF jo ‘aslI’ mjLdUr dI numfieMdgI nhIN krdIaF. aYn[ zI[ pI[ iehnF XUnIanF dI qfkq df njLfrf sRI bfb rya dI pRImIarisLp vyly cKL cuwkI hY jd afriQk hflq Krfb hox kfrn sRI rya iehnF vwzIaF jQybMdIaF nMU qnKfhF kuJ Gwt krn jF jfm krn dI bynqI kr bYTy sn. ieh swB bfb rya dy dusLmx bx gey sn aqy ivcfry nMU isafsq ivwc rihx vfsqy aYn[ zI[ pI[ Cwz ky ilbrlF ivwc jfxf pY igaf sI.

     kdy koeI vwzf plFt bMd krn df rOlf pY jfvy qF Jwt srkfrF ihwl jFdIaF hn qy plFt nMU vwzIaF grFtF jF tYks CotF dyx dIaF apIlF sLurU ho jFdIaF hn. PYzrl, subfeI aqy istI srkfrF CotF dI vkflq krn lwg jFdIaF hn. keI vfr keI keI sO imlIan zflr dy idwqf jFdf hY qF ik plFt (kfrF jF stIl afid) bMd nf hovy. kmfl hY 500 jQybMd vrkr df plFt bMd hovy qF grFtf aqy jy 10-10 ‘aslI’ vrkrF vflIaF 50 sLfpF jF grfjF bMd ho jfx qF mIzIey ivwc vI ijLkr qwk vI nhIN huMdf.

     vwzy plFt bMd hoxo bcfAux vfsqy srkfrI grFtF tYks ivwcoN idwqIaF jFdIaF hn ijs ivwc Coty ‘aslI’ mjLdUr df vI KUn psInf huMdf hY.  kudrq dy asUl muqfibk CotI mwCI vwzI mwCI nMU KFdI hY qy ‘aslI’ vrkr vI CotI mwCI hI hY jo iksy BuwKy iZwz dI iksy smyN vI Kurfk bx skdf hY. vot ‘aslI’ mjLdUr kol vI brfbr dI hY pr jQybMDk avfjL nhIN hY aqy nf hI ho skdI hY. hwQ vI horF vFg do hI hn qy Brn vfsqy iZwz vI iek hI hY sgoN kuJ Cotf hI hovygf. ‘aslI’ mjLdUr df ihwqkfrI kOx hY ieh iek aYsf svfl hY ijs df juvfb hr ‘aslI’ mjLdUr nMU afp hI Kojxf cfhIdf hY.                                     

 -blrfj idEl

akqUbr 05, 2007


EntyrIE coxF: mfmlf pbilk skUlF nMU Kqry df!

     10 akqUbr nMU hox vflIaF subfeI coxF ivwc idn qF kul 12 ku hI bcdy hn pr ajy vI votr iehnF coxF bfry bhuqy AuqsLfhq nhIN jfpdy. jy agly 12 idn ies iksm dy hflfq bxy rhy qF bhuq Gwt votr votF pol krn vfsqy inklxgy. votrF ivwc AuqsLfh Gwt hox dy keI kfrn ho skdy hn, ijhnF ivwc QoHVy smyN ivwc do vfr PYzrl coxF df hoxf aqy qIjI vfr afeIaF ky afeIaF df lgfqfr crcf hox dy nfl nfl afriQkqf cMgI hox kfrn subfeI coxF ivwc muwidaF dI Gft df hoxf aihm kfrn dwsy jf rhy hn.

     sUby dy Gwt igxqI BfeIcfiraF (iemIgrMtF) ivwc Dfrimk skUlF nMU srkfrI PMizMg df muwdf vI iek pRmuwK muwdf mMinaF jf irhf hY. hYrfnI dI gwl ieh hY ik Dfrimk skUlF nMU PMizMg df muwdf Es pfrtI ny AuTfieaf hY ijs nMU aksr kuJ lokF vloN Gwt igxqIaF dI ‘dosq’ nf hox df dosL idwqf jFdf hY. pI[sI[ pfrtI dy afgU sRI jfHn torI nMU ies PMizMg df muwdf AuTfAux vfsqy keI cxOqIaF df sfhmxf krnf pY irhf hY. bfhrI nukqfcInI dy nfl nfl pfrtI dy aMdr vI ivdroh pxp irhf hY.

     pI[sI[ nMU Cwz ky dUjIaF do pfrtIaF ilbrl pfrtI aqy aYn[ zI[ pI[ Gwt igxqI BfeIcfiraF dy Dfrimk skUlF nMU PMizMg dy iKlfPL hn. iewQy ieh gwl Xfd krvfAux Xog hY ik eIsfeI sMprdf vloN clfey jFdy kYQoilk skUl borz nMU pbilk skUlF borzF vFg srkfrI PMizMg idwqI jFdI hY. ies qrF ilbrl pfrtI aqy pRImIar mgYNtI Gwt igxqI BfeIcfiraF dy Dfrimk skUlF nMU PMizMg qoN korf ienkfr krky iswDy qOr `qy pwKpfqI nIqI dy DfrnI grdfny jf skdy hn. pr sUby ivwc ajyhy iemIgrMtF aqy “iemIgrMt afgUaF” dI Gft nhIN hY jo ilbrlF nMU iemIgrMtF dy ‘hmdrd’ dwsx df koeI vI mOkf KflI nhIN jfx idMdy. ilbrl BfvyN lokF dy kwpVy (tYksF dy rUp ivwc) vI lfh lYx ieh lok AuhnF nMU iemIgrMtF dy hmdrd dwsxo nhIN htxgy.

     pRImIar mgYNtI aqy Auh lok jo ies PMizMg df ivroD krdy hn, AuhnF df qrk hY ik ies nfl sUby df ‘pbilk skUl isstm’ qbfh ho jfvygf aqy bhu-rMgy Dfrimk skUlF leI drvfjLy Kuwl jfxgy ijhnF dI igxqI kfbU krnI musLkl ho jfvygI. ‘pbilk skUl isstm’ bfry gwl jLrf awgy jf ky krFgy, pr AuhnF dy ies qrk ivwc kuJ dm jLrUr hY. ieh kfrn qF Auh dwsdy hn pr jo kfrn Auh zrdy dwsdy nhIN aqy jo AuhnF nMU aMdro aMdr vwz vwz Kf irhf hY Auh ajyhy Dfrimk skUlF ivwc Dfrimk kwtVqf df pRcfr hY ijs nfl sUby dI aglI pIVHI vMzI jfx df zr hY. afpxI afpxI surwiKaq cfr-idvfrI hyT pVHdy bwcy sUby dy sFJy smfj qoN dUr ho jfxgy aqy jd pVH ky smfj ivwc ivcrngy qF bhu-swiBak smfj ivwc sihhoNd nfl ivcrn ivwc musLkl afvygI aqy Dfrimk kwtVqf BfrU ho jfx dy afsfr vD jfxgy.

     Auprokq KLqrf iksy ivsLysL Drm dy skUlF qoN nhIN sgoN iek sFJf Kqrf dwisaf jF smiJaf jf irhf hY hflFik ies bfry isafsI afgU “zr” kfrn Kuwl ky gwl krn vfsqy iqafr nhIN hn. jd kdy vI  Dfrimk skUlF dI gwl huMdI hY qF pfiksqfn aqy kuJ hor dysLF ivwc cldy  mdrwisaF dI qsvIr sfhmxy af jFdI hY ijhnF ivwc kwtVvfd dI aYsI Psl AugfeI geI hY aqy AugfeI jf rhI hY ijs nMU kfbU krn vsqy awj dunIaF pwbF Bfr hoeI peI hY. aPLgfinsqfn ivwc sLFqI dI sQfpnf vfsqy kYnyzf hux qwk 71 jvfn sLhId krvf cuwkf hY aqy hor dysL vI afpxy jvfnF df KUn zol cuwky hn. aPLgfinsqfn aqy kYnyzf smyq bhuq sfry dysLF dIaF KuPIaF eyjMsIaF aPLgfn asLFqI vfsqy pfiksqfnI Dfrimk skUlF (mdrwisaF) nMU dosLI dws rhy hn. pfiksqfn hux Kud iehnF mdrwisaF qoN qMg jfpdf hY pr iehnF nMU nwQx qoN asmrQ jfpdf hY.

     mdrwisaF dI ies scfeI nMU iDafn ivwc rwKIey qF sfnUM ies iksm dy skUl isstm dI koeI loV nhIN hY ijs ivwc “twkVvfd” pYdf hox dy Gwto Gwt afsfr qwk vI hox. ies sMBfvI KLqry nfl vI pI[ sI[ afgU sRI jfHn torI dy ies qrk dI kft nhIN huMdI ik sUby df awj df PMizMg df PfrmUlf Gwt igxqI BfeIcfiraF vfsqy pwKpqI hY ijs aDIn kYQoilk skUl qF pbilk skUlF dy brfbr dI PMizMg hfsl kr rhy hn  bfkIaF nMU sokf Jwlxf pY irhf hY. jy horF nMU srkfrI PMizMg nhIN qF iPr  kYQoilk skUl borz nMU ajyhI PMizMg nhIN imlxI cfhIdI jF kYQoilk borz nMU vI pbilk borz df hI ihwsf bxf idwqf jfxf cfhIdf hY. ieh qrk kfPLI nhIN hY ik kYQoilk skUl borz sUby dy jIvn df bhuq dyr qoN ihwsf hY ies leI ies nMU qF kfiem rwiKaf jfvy pr nvyN Dfrimk skUlF leI drvfjLy bMd kr idwqy jfx. sRI torI df dfavf hY ik ies smyN sUby ivwc XhUdI, iswK, ihMdU, musilm aqy hor BfeIcfiraF dy 53,000 ividafrQI srkfrI PMizMg qoN ibnF hn jd ik ieh BfeIcfry vI brfbr dy tYks dy rhy hn.

     kuJ lok kwtVvfd dy pRcfr dI sMBfvI smwisaf dy hwl vfsqy Dfrimk skUlF dy slybs (krIkulm) aqy pVfHeI dy qOr qrIky nMU imafrI rwKx dI slfh idMdy hn. kuJ hor sUibaF ivwc Dfrimk skUlF nMU PMizMg idwqI jf rhI hY aqy mfmly ivwc AuhnF dy kOVy-imwTy qjrby qoN bhuq kuJ isiKaf jf skdf hY.

     hux gwl krdy hF sUby dy pbilk skUl isstm dI ijs nMU bhuq sfry iemIgrMt lok BulyKy nfl ‘muPLq skUl’ isstm smJdy hn. ieh muPLq hoxf dUr dI gwl ieh qF sgoN awq drjy df mihMgf skUl isstm hY ijs nMU clfAux vfsqy hr sLihr dy sLihrI aqy vpfrk adfry motf pRfprtI tYks idMdy hn. ies vfsqy hr sLihrI nMU afpxf afpxf pRfprtI tYks ibwl aqy ies ibwl ivwc skUl tYks df ihwsf vyKxf cfhIdf hY. ieh skUl isstm isrPL pRfprtI tYks df vwzf ihwsf hI nhIN zkfrdf sgoN sUbfeI srkfr qoN vI ies nMU PMizMg imldI hY jo quhfzy sfzy tYksF ivcoN jFdI hY. iemIgrMtF dI abfdI vDx nfl anupfqk qOr `qy kYQoilk abfdI Gt rhI hY ijs nfl ‘pbilk skUl’ isstm vD irhf hY jd ik ‘kYQoilk skUl isstm’ suMgVdf jf irhf. ies df iswDf nqIjf ‘pbilk skUl’ isstm dI ividaf `qy ajfrydfrI (mnfplI) ivwc inkldf hY. iksy kMpItIsLn dI axhoNd kfrn ‘pbilk isstm’ ivwc lgfqfr inGfr af irhf hY aqy imafr izwg irhf hY jd ik Krcf brfbr vD irhf hY aqy zflrF dIaF hor pMzF mMgIaF jf rhIaF hn. hor zflrF aqy hor PMizMg df mqlb hY sLihrIaF `qy hor tYks, Auh pRfprtI tYksF ivwc vfDy dy rUp ivwc hox jf hor tYksF dy rUp ivwc hox, srkfr ny hor PMizMg lokF dIaF jybF kwt ky hI dyxI hY.

     ijwQy ikqy vI iksy Kyqr ivwc iksy dI mnfplI hY AuWQy hI imafr nIvF, srivs Ksqf aqy mihMgI huMdI hY. ies vfsqy bhuq sfrIaF Audfhrxf idwqIaF jf skdIaF hn. awj qoN 15-18 sfl pihlF Bfrq nMU lFg izstYNs Pon krn vfsqy sMG pfV pfV ky hYlo hYlo qF krnI hI pYNdI sI aqy nfl hI iewk imMt dy 3 zflr vI dyxy pYNdy sn. kYnyzf ivwc bYWl kYnyzf tYlIPon kMpnI dI lFg izstYNs mnfplI tuwtI qy hor lFg izstYNs kMpnIaF afeIaF aqy nfl hI Bfrq ivwc BfrqI zfk-qfr ivBfg dI mnfplI tuwtI qy syvfvF ivwc suDfr afieaf. nvIaF kMpnIaF ny mukfbly ivwc nvIN qknIk apxfeI ijs df iswDf asr awj 5 ku sYNt pRqI imt dI Tfh krky juVn vflI sfPL suQrI kfl ivwc inkilaf hY.

     hr Kyqr ivwc hI pYr jmf ky bYTIaF kMpnIaF dI mnfplI tuwtx nfl iswDf lfB KLpqkfr (knisAUmr) nMU hoieaf hY. kYnyzf ivwc post afiPLs df kMm pRfeIvyt hwQF ivwc jfx nfl aqy EntyrIE ivwc zrfievr lsMs qy vhIkl plyt jfrI krn df kMm pRfeIvyt hwQF ivwc jfx nfl srivs vfsqy lMbIaF lMbIaF lfeInF vI tuwtIaF hn aqy hr sfl hVqfl df dsqUr vI BMg hoieaf hY.

     pbilk skUl isstm hor jo kuJ mrjLI hoey ieh nf muPLq hY, nf imafrI hY aqy nf hI aYPIsLYNt (kusLl) hY. ieh iek ajyhf mihMgf isstm hY jo jMgfilaf jf cuwkf hY. pbilk skUl isstm nMU jykr ishq isstm aqy aPLsrsLfhI dy Krcy nfl joV ky vyiKaf jfvy qF srkfrF dy Krcy df bhuqf ihwsf iehnF iqMn syvfvF `qy hI Krc huMdf hY. lokF dy tYksF df vwzf ihwsf ieh iqMn syvfvF KfeI jf rhIaF hn aqy iehnF df anupfqk Krcf lokF dI slfnf afmdn ivwc hox vfly vfDy nfloN ikqy vwD hY. jo lok BulyKy nfl jF afpxy sOVy ihwqF dI rfKI leI pbilk skUl isstm nMU ‘pivwqr gAU’ (holI kfE) dws rhy hn Auh ies swc nMU bhuqI dyr CupfeI nhIN rwK skxgy ik ieh ‘pivwqr gE’ Gwt hY aqy aMgryjLI dI khfvq muqfibk ‘icwtf hfQI’ vwD hY jo lokF dy lhU psIny dI kmfeI zkfrI jf irhf hY aqy lokF kol hor koeI bdl nhIN hY. mfpy isstm dy gulfm hn, ijs pbilk skUl ivwc quhfzf bwcf Byj idwqf jfvy, Aus  nMU AuWQy hI jfxf pvygf, skUl cMgf hovy jF mfVf ieh mfipaF dy vws dI gwl nhIN hY. ies mihMgI qy jMgflI jf cuwkI mnfplI nMU iksy ZukvyN mukfbly dI loV hY. jy kwtVfd rihq mhOl isrj ky Dfrimk skUl ajyhf bdl pysL kr skx qF ies nfl sLihrIaF nMU lfB hI hovygf.               

 -blrfj idEl

 

 


lokF dy vkq `c hI mihmfn invfjLI krdy ny pMjfb dy aPLsr

 

          sfZy ku pMj sfl pihlF s: pRkfsL isMG bfdl dI pfrtI nMU burI qrF hrf ky kYptn amirMdr isMG jd muwK mMqrI bxy sn qF pMjfb nMU BirsLtfcfr qy irsLqvKorI qoN mukq krnf AuhnF dy isfasI eyjMzy dy isKr `qy sI. ies ivwc koeI sLwk nhIN sI ik vD geI irsLvqKorI qoN pMjfb dy lok bhuq duKI sn. rvI iswDU dy mfmly ny ieh drsf idwqf sI  pMjfb ivwc irsLvqKorI iks hwd qwk awpV cuwkI sI. gwdI sMBfldy sfr hI kYptn dI bVHkF ny BfvyN kuJ mhIny asr pfieaf sI pr bcdy cfr qoN vwD sfl Kfs kr afKrI sfl dOrfn irsLvqKorI skYNzlF df gihrf pRCfvF AuhnF  dI srkfr vfsqy klMk hI bx igaf sI.

          ies df lfB s: pRkfsL isMG bfdl nMU iehnF coxF dOrfn hoieaf aqy AuhnF sfPL srkfr dyx df vfadf kIqf. kwtVpMQIaF nfl nyVqf kYptn nMU ijwQy mihgI peI AuWQy irsLvqKorI nMU rokx ivwc pUrI qrF asPLl rihxf vI AuhnF dI asPLlqf df kfrn bixaF sI.

          kudrqI qOr `qy lokF nMU nvIN bxI bfdl srkfr qoN bhuq afsF hn ijs kfrn AuhnF srkfr bdlx leI votF vfeIaF hn. iehnF vfaidaF ivwc irsLvqKorI rokx aqy sfPL aqy pfrdrsLI pRsLfsn dyxf iek aihm vfadf hY. muPLq ibjlI aqy ssqf aftf dfl vI srkfr dy pRmuwK vfaidaF ivwcoN hn jo bhuq mihMgy sfbq ho rhy. pMjfb ivwc ies vfr grmIaF ivwc ibjlI pihlF nfloN vwD splfeI kIqI geI hY aqy srkfr nMU Gwt bd-asIsF df sfhmxf krnf ipaf hY. ieh anuBv lyKk nMU pMjfb PyrI dOrfn imilaf hY. pyNzU ielfikaF ivwc GrF aqy KyqI leI ibjlI splfeI krn vflIaF lfeInF nMU vwK vwK kr idwqy jfx kfrn GrF ivwc aksr bwqIaF jgdIaF rwKIaF jf skIaF hn. dUjy pfsy KyqI leI muPLq ibjlI srkfr dy bjt df KOa bx rhI hY aqy ies nMU sMqulq ikvyN krnf hY? ieh bfdl srkfr vfsqy vwzI cxOqI bx geI hY.

          grIbF leI aftf dfl skIm vfady muqfibk sLurU qF kr idwqI geI hY pr ies nfl bjt `qy pYx vflf Bfr qF iek smwisaf hY hI, ies nfl dUjI vwzI smwisaf jo KV ho geI hY Auh hY irsLvqKorI dI. srkfrI Dn nfl ssqf aftf qy dflF dI vMz pRnflI ikvyN cwlygI aqy rsqy ivwc ies nMU kuMzIaF lgfAux vfly ikvyN qy ikMnf ku pRBfvq krngy, ies df aMdfjLf ku mhIinaF ivwc ho jfvygf. pMjfb PyrI dOrfn jo kuJ ies bfry sunx nMU imilaf hY Aus nfl cMgy dI afs Gwt hI hY.

          irsLvqKorI dy mfmly ivwc bfdl srkfr dI kfrgujLfrI pRKx vfsqy Gwto Gwt iek sfl df smF cfhIdf hY. hfl dI GVI ieh afiKaf jf skdf hY ik bfdl srkfr dy mMqrI ajy qwk lokF dI phuMc ivwc jfpdy hn aqy ajyhf ikMnf ku smF rhygf ieh afAux vflf smF hI dwsygf. jy srkfr lokF dI phuMc ivwc rhy qF aPLsr kuJ BYa ivwc rihMdy hn pr ies nfl vI irsLvqKorI kuJ TwlI qF jf skdI hY ies nMU KLqm krn dI afs krnf PjLUl dI afs qoN vwD nhIN hovygf. ikAuNik irsKLvqKorI lokF dI jIvn jfc df ihwsf bx cuwkI hY qy hr srkfrI kMm krvfAux vfsqy rfsLtr ipqf dI mUrq vflf not jo jfdU kr skdf hY Auh vfkPIaq aqy iksy mMqrI jF aPLsr dy mfmy df puwq hox nfloN ikqy vwD hY.

          pMjfb ivwc Auc srkfrI aPLsrF df kMm krn df qOr qrIkf ies vfr bhuq ghu nfl vyKx df mOkf imilaf hY. jlMDr smyq pMjfb dy kuJ vwzy sLihrF dy keI AuWc aPsrF nMU imlx df sbwb bixaF hY. hr srkfrI aPLsr BfvyN Auh isvl kursI `qy bYTf hovy aqy BfvyN puils dI kursI `qy ibrfjmfn hovy, kMm iewko qrjL nfl hI krdf hY. aLPLsr dy suBfE muqfibk Prk bws 19-21 df hI ho skdf hY.

          hr AuWc aPLsr dy dPLqr dy bfhr aksr svyr qoN drKfsqF dyx vfilaF jF drKfqF mfrk krvfAux vfilaF dI BIV juVnI sLurU ho jFdI hY. sYWl PonF dy Xuwg ivwc isPLfrsLF vfsqy ruky ilKvf ky pysL krny hux supnf ho gey hn. hux qF iek do idn pihlF azvFs isPLrsLI Pon krvfAux nfloN vI aPLsr dy dPLqr dy sfhmxy KV ky, aMdr vVHn qoN aYn pihlF Pon krvfey jFdy hn. aPsrF nMU imlx dy cfhvfn lokF dI igxqI pihlF nfloN ikqy vwD hY qy AuzIk df smF vI coKf hY. ies dy nfl hI lokF nMU imlx df smF vI inrDfrq nhIN hY. BfrqI pRbMD ivwc aslI sLfsk hI AuWc aPLsr hn, koeI aPLsr jd cfhy lokF nMU aMdr bulfAux lwg pvy aqy jd cfhy bMd kr dyvy, qy mihmfn invfjLI krn lwg pey jF lMc vgYrf `qy clf jfvy ies Aus dI afpxI mrjLI hY.

          jo vyiKaf hY Aus qoN jfpdf hY ik vwzy aPLsr mihmfn invfjLI aksr afpxy dPLqrI smyN jF kih lE lokF dy smyN ivwc hI krdy hn.  jd AuzIk rhy lokF nMU avfjL pYxI bMd ho jfvy qF lok aPLsr dy rIzr jF ardlI qwk phuMc krdy qF juvfb imldf hY ik sihb nMU Plfxf sfihb imlx afieaf hoieaf hY. Plfxf sfihb aksr ipCly drvfijLEN afAuNdf hY pqf cfh-pfxI df pRbMD krn vfly nOkrF dI dOV Bwj qoN lgdf hY. aMgryjL dy Xuwg dI rIq muqfibk cfh df pRbMD dPLdr dy aMdr aMdr hI kr idwqf jFdf hY ies vfsqy iksy bfhry hotl vgYrf dI syvf nhIN leI jFdI. ies vfsqy krfkrI vI aflHf drjy dI vrqI jFdI hY. vwzy mihmfnF dI tihl syvf vfsqy, kMm kfr vfly eyar kMzIsLn dPLqr dy nfl bixaF hoieaf pRfeIvyt spYsLl eyar kMzIsLn dPqr vriqaf jFdf hY aqy dPLqrI kMmkfr pUrI qrF Twp ho jFdf hY.

          ies qoN ielfvf Coty moty mihmfnF aqy rfjsI lMbVdfrF aqy jQydfrF dI qF sfrf idn hI dPLqrF ivwc afvfjfeI rihMdI hY. ajyhy mihmfnF vfsqy vI cfh df pRbMD kIqf jFdf hY pr ieh mihmfn invfjI aPLsr afpxy kMmkfr vfly dPLqr dI myjL `qy hI krdf hY ijs awgy bhuq sfrIaF kursIaF peIaF huMdIaF hn. lokF dy kMmF ivwc ruk ruk ky rukfvt pYNdI rihMdI hY aqy ibnYkfrF nMU ajyhy drimafny drjy dy mihmfnF dI mihmfn invfjI dOrfn hI keI vfr swd vI ilaf jFdf. ies nfl cfh pINdy mihmfnF nMU keI vfr lokF dIaF smwisafvF dI pUrI sUh vI lwg jFdI hY.

          cMgf hovy jy pMjfb ivwc lok afpxy (dPLqrI) smyN ivwc mihmfn invfjI rokx leI avfjL AuTfAux qF ik lokF dy vkq ivwc lokF dI hI suxI jfvy aqy mihmfnF dI mihmfn invfjI, aPLsr jF qF afpxy inwjI smyN ivwc krn jF hor srkfrI AuWc aPLsrF nMU imlx df smF lokF nfloN vwKrf aqy inrDfrq hovy. ies nfl afpxy sfh dy nfl nfl rotI pfxI df vkq aqy vfsLrUm qwk rok ky AuzIk krdy ibnYkfrF nMU iensfnI rfhq imly.

          pMjfb ivwc pRoPYsLnl isPLrsLIaF df bolbfl pUrI qrF kfiem hY aqy iehnF dy rYNkF ivwc hux qF bhuq sfry mIzIafkfr vI sLfml ho gey hn. ieh sLfied dysL ivwc mIzIaf df dbdbf vD jfx kfrn hoieaf hY. mIzIafkfr isPLrsLIaf bnx qwk hI sImq nhIN hn sgoN keI afpxy mIzIaf kfrz, hvflf smgilMg krn qwk leI vI vrq rhy hn.

-blrfj idEl

 


sLnIvfr ‘pqnI pRsMLsf’ idn, pqnIaF leI rfKvF rwKIey

 

          dunIaF Br dy dysLF ivwc vwKo vwKry mOikaF `qy vwKo vwKry idn mnfey jFdy hn ijnHF ivwc mdrjL zya, PfdrjL zya aqy sB qoN vwD lokipRaf hoieaf pRymIaF df idn Bfv vYlntfeIn zya qF hux kwtVpMQI mulkF ivwc mnfieaf jfx lwg ipaf hY. ienHF idnF nUM mnfAux df muwK mksd irsLiqaF dI qMdF nUM hor mjLbUq krnf hI huMdf hY. hux ipCly kuJ sflF qoN pqnI aqy pqI dI pRsLMsf ivwc vI idn mnfAux df irvfjL sLurU ho igaf hY. pqnI pqI iewkTy rihMdy hn ies krky ies idn nUM pqI/pqnI df idn kihx dI bjfey pqI/pqnI pRsLMsf idn kihxf vDyry vfijb hY. ies sLnIvfr nUM aMqrrfsLtrI pwDr `qy pqnI pRsLMsf idn Bfv 'vfeIP aYprIsLIeysLn zya' mnfieaf jf irhf hY. BfvyN bhuq sfry lokF ny ies df nF pihlF nhIN suixaf hovygf pr iewh iewk aijhf idn hY ijs nUM hryk pqI nUM cyqy rwKxf cfhIdf hY aqy pqnI dy nfl mnfAuxf cfhIdf hY.

          pqnI df jnm idn, ivafh dI sfligRhf qF afm hI mnfeI jFdI hY pr pqI/pqnI pRsLMsf idn mnfAux df irvfjL ajy bhuq Gwt hY pr hornF idnF dy vFg ies idn nUM vI mnfieaf jfxf cfhIdf hY. mdrjL/PfdrjL zya dy idn qF AunHF dy bwcy mF/ipqf nUM qohPy vgYrf lY ky imlx af jFdy hn aqy vYlntfeIn dy idn pRymI mihMgy qoN mihMgy qohPLy afpxy ipafiraF nUM idMdy hn. pqI/pqnI vwloN vI sfligRhf mOky mihMgy qohPLy idwqy jFdy hn pr ieh rsm isrP vDfeIaF aqy qohiPLaf qwk jF iPr bfhr rYstorYNtF `qy Kfxf Kfx qwk hI hI sIimq rih jFdI hY aqy awj dy smfj ivwc ies rsm qoN awgy vDx dI loV hY. ikAuNik pRIvfrF dI qrwkI aqy AunqI ivwc pqnI df Kfs Xogdfn huMdf hY aqy pqnI afpxy pRIvfr nfl imlky moZy nfl moZf joV ky byimslf ihwsf pfAuNdI hY pr jd ik prIvfr dI qwkI df sfrf ishrf aksr afdmIaF sir hI bMn idwqf jFdf hY. jo sLKs prdy dy ipwCy rih kyivAuNqF guMddf hY aqy qrwkI dI arjoeIaF krdf hY Aus nUM bhuq vfrI axdyiKaF hI kr dyiKaf jFdf hY pr iPr vI pqnI aijhI Dfq dI bxI huMdI hY Auh afpxy pqI dI pRsLMsf sux ky sgoN ho KusL huMdI hY pr dUsry pfsy mrd afpxI pqnI dI pRsLMsf sux ky afpxy afp nUM afpxI pqnI qoN hIxf smJx lwg pYNdf hY. ieh pqnI aqy pqI dI socxI ivwc vwzf aMqr hY.

          qkrIbn sfry BfrqI pqI afpxy afp nUM 'mhfrfjy' hI smJdy hn aqy afpxIaF pqnIaF qoN mhfrfijaF dI qrHF syvf krvfAuNdy hn jF syvf dI afs rKdy hn. jo pqnI, pqI aqy afpxy pUry pRIvfr leI krdI hY Aus nUM isrP pqnI df PrjL hI smJ ilaf jFdf hY pr bhuq vfrI pqnI afpxy PrjLF qoN vI AWupr AuWT ky pqI dIaF KfihsLF aqy afsF `qy pUrf Auqrn dI koisLLs krdI krdI afpxI KfihsLF aqy idl ivwc AuWTdIaF AumMgF nUM ivwcoN ivwc pI jFdI hY. pqnI pRIvfr df iewk aijhf jIa hY ijs nUM pRIvfr df Durf vI kih ilaf jfvy qF koeI aqwkQnI nhIN hY.

          kYnyzf vrgy mulk ivwc ijwQy aOrqF nUM afpxIaF nOkrIaF dy nfl nfl bwicaF nUM sMBflxf aqy Gr df kMm vI krnf pYNdf hY AuQy AunHF dI qfrIP aqy pRsLMsf krnI hor vI bhuq aihmIaq rKdI hY. pr BfrqI smfj Kfs krky pMjfbI BfeIcfry ivwc pqnI dI qfrIP bhuq hI Gwt kIqI jFdI hY jF iblukl hI kIqI nhIN jFdI. iksy dy sfhmxy bhuq vfrI pqI afpxI pqnI dI qfrIP krn nUM afpxI 'hqk' smJdy hn. bhuqI vfr pqnI dI qfrIP krn vflLy pqI nUM 'pqnI jF jLorU df gulfm' 'pqnI ipwCU' 'pqnI Bgq' dy ivsLlysLxF nfl invfijLaf jFdf hY jo awj dy mfzrn Xuwg ivwc iewk gflH dy brfbr hY aqy sfzI jfcy ieh vrqfrf bMd hoxf cfhIdf hY aqy pqnI dI qfrIP krnI pqI df PrjL hoxf cfhIdf hY. afE ies sLnIvfr nUM pqnIaF leI rfKvF rwKIey, sLfm nUM jldI Gr phuMcIey aqy afpxIaF pqnIaF vwloN kIqy ipCly sfl dy kMmkfrF dI qfrIP krIey aqy AunHF df hONslf vDfeIey aqy pRIvfrk jVF nUM hor mjLbUq krIey.

sMpfdk

sqMbr 14, 2007

 


hspqfl ivc iswK bËurg ƒ kutfpf, PMz ryËIaF dy mUMh qy krfrI cpyV

ipCly hÌqy aYqvfr dy idn aMimRq vyly jd nfnk nfm lyvf lok svyr df inwq nym aqy bfxI df pfT kr rhy sn qF brYNptn dy iewk hspqfl ivwc iewk iswK bËurg mrIË ƒ hspqfl df sikAUirtI amlf hwQ kVIaF lf ky Aus dI iKwcf DUhI kr irhf sI. bËurg df doÈ ieh sI ik Aus dI Aumr 76 sflF dI sI, Aus ƒ prfstyt df kYNsr sI, zIhfeIzryitz ( srIr ivwcoN pfxI muwkxf) ho cwkf sI, qurn aqy KVHn dy kfibl nhIN sI. jgIr isMG sMDU nF dy ies  bËUrg ƒ PYmlI zfktr dy kihx `qy Aus df pRIvfr ÈnIvfr Èfm ƒ hspqfl lY ky igaf ijQy GMitaF bwDI AuzIk qoN bfad Aus ƒ cYWk kIqf igaf aqy tYstF dy rIËlt afAux qwk AuzIk krn leI ikhf igaf. aYqvfr svyry 5 vwj ky 10 imMt `qy iewk nrs ny Aus ƒ Gr jfx leI hukm dy idwqf qF jgIr isMG ny ikhf ik Aus dIaF qF lwq TIk qrHF kMm hI nhIN kr rhIaF aqy Auh qF KVH vI nhIN skdf. pr nrs ny ikhf ik AunHF ƒ bYWz cfhIdf hY aqy nrs ny Aus ƒ bYWz qoN AuTf ky iewk kursI `qy ibTf idwqf. iPr 15 imMMt bfad sMDU ƒ Gr jfx leI kih idwqf aqy kuJ smyN bfad Aus dy Gr PUn krky Aus ƒ iljfx leI PUn igaf. pr ajy pRIvfr vfly phuMcy hI nhIN sn qF do sikAUirtI vfilaF ny Aus ƒ iKwc ky hspqfl ivwcoN bfhr kwZ idwqf aqy nfl hI Aus ƒ jbrI hspqfl ivwc Guwsx df noits PVf idwqf. sMDU df kihxf hY ik Auh cwlx iPrn aqy KVHn dy kfibl hI nhIN sI aqy Auh AuWQy hI bYT igaf aqy pRIvfr dI AuzIk krn lwgf. iPr 5-6 imMt bfad sikAUirtI gfrz afey aqy kuJ vI khy ibnF Aus dIaF bfhvF ipwCy krky hwQkVIaf lf idwqIaF aqy Aus dy bUtF sxy ikwkF mfrIaF aqy Aus ƒ kuwitaf igaf aqy vfips hspqfl ivwc lY gey. iPr Aus ƒ iewk tYksI ivwc ibTf ky Gr ƒ qor idwqf igaf. Aus dy guwtF `qy lfl JrItF dy inÈfn sn aqy Aus dI kmIË `qy KUn Dwby sn. jdoN pRIvfr vfly AuWQy phuMcy qF AunHf ƒ pqf lwgf ik Auh qF AuWQy hY hI nhIN hY. sgoN tYksI ivc ibTf ky Gr ƒ qor idwqf igaf hY. hux pRIvfr ny ies dI iÈkfieq kIqI hY pr hspqfl ny ies mfmly `qy cuwp vwtI hoeI hY aqy ikhf hY ik mfmly dI CfxbIx ho rhI hY. nfl hI hspqfl dI bulfrI ny ieh vI ikhf hY ik keI aijhy kysF ivwc AunHF ƒ sikAUirtI dI mdd lYxI pYNdI hY. pr pRIvfr df kihxf hY ik bImfrI qoN pIVHq 76 sflf bËurg qoN sikAUirtI jF hspqfl dy amly ƒ kI Kqrf sI aqy AunHF ny pRIvfr dy afAux qwk dI AuzIk ikAuN nf kIqI.  ies CfxbIx df nqIjf kI inkldf hY ieh qf bfad dI gwl hY pr awj afm iswK dI Ëubfn `qy ieko hI svfl hY ik hspqflF ƒ lwKF zflr iswK kOm ny dfn idwqy hn, nvyN bxy hspqfl leI iswK kOm ny zflrF df mINh vrfieaf hY pr ies df kI Pfiedf jy sfzy nfl hspqflF ivwc iehI kuJ hoxf hY jo bËurg sMDU nfl hoieaf hY. kI iswK kOm vwloN idwqy dfn nfl iswKF df ielfj vDIaf hox lwg pYxf hY jF AunHF dI hsqpflF ivwc KfqrdfrI vDIaf hox lwg jfxI hY ieh isrP ikafsx dIaF hI gwlF hn jo ik aslIaq ivwc nhIN ho skdIaF. jdoN iswK kOm ny zflrF dIaF pMzF dfn idwqIaF sn qF vwzI igxqI ivc iswKF ƒ ieh afs sI ik Èfied AunHF df vI[afeI[pI[ ielfj hoieaf krygf. hF, azMbr rwc rwc dfn idvfAux vfly kuJ iewk lokF ƒ Pfiedf ho skdf/hoieaf hY aqy AunHF dy pRIvfrF dy mYNbrF ƒ hsqpfl ivwc vwzIaf nOkrIaF iml skdIaF/imleIaF hn pr sfzy vrgy dfn dyx vfilaF aqy afm iswKF ƒ ies df kOzI df Pfiedf nhIN hoxf ieh gwl pwQr `qy lkIr hY. jgIr isMG sMDU dI Gtnf nfl PMz ryËIaf dy mUMh `qy krfrI cpyV vwjI hY aqy AunHF ny ies bËurg leI ajy vI hfa df nfhrf nhIN mfiraf aqy Gysl vwtI hoeI hY. sfzf kihxf hY ik dfn dyxf qF idE pr vDIaf ielfj aqy cMgI KfqrdfrI dI afs krnI nfsmJI hY.

 

 

iswKF ƒ hmyÈf cuxOqI idwqI hY zyiraF ny

          kuJ idn pihlF mfnsf iËlHy dy iewk ipMz ivwc iswK sMgqF aqy isrsy vfly sfD dy cyilaF ivckfr hoeI KUnI JVwp ivwc 28 dy krIb lokI ËKmI hoey. hfl dy idnF ivwc grmfey iswK-zyrf ivvfd dOrfn ieh koeI pihlI JVp nhIN blik aijhIaF 25 qoN vwD JVpF ho cuwkIaF hn. pMjfb aqy hirafxf ivwc zyry dy pRymIaF `qy lgfeI nfm crcf krn `qy pfbMdI hux zyry dy pRymIaF ƒ awKrn lwg peI hY. iewk smF qF aijhf af igaf sI ik zyry dy pRymI iswK sMgqF qoN zr gey sn aqy AuhnF ny nfm crcf krnI bMd kr idwqI sI, pr ijAuN-ijAuN zyry dy sfD duafly sI[ bI[ afeI[ aqy pMjfb puils df iÈkMjf ksdf cilaf jf irhf hY, zyry dy sfD ny srkfrF `qy dbfa pfAux leI kfƒn ivvsQf Krfb krn df ieh nvF pYNqVF bdilaf hY. ies pYNqVy muqfbk zyry dy pRymI ËbrdsqI nfm crcf krdy hn aqy iswK sMgqF AuhnF ƒ rokdIaF hn. ies kfrn dovF ivwc iswDf tkrfa hovygf, mrny qF pMjfb dy hI lok hn, cfhy Auh iswK hox jF zyry dy pRymI, ies nfl pMjfb srkfr Auqy kyNdr df dbfa vDygf ik Auh amn-kfƒn dI rKvflI nhIN kr rhI hY. ies nfl iewk qIr nf do inÈfny hoxgy. iewk pfsy qF kyNdr dy ËrIey sI[ bI[ afeI[ `qy dbfa pvygf ik Auh zyry dy sfD ƒ igRPqfr nf kry, dUjf pMjfb ivwclI bfdl srkfr ƒ cwldf krn leI vI kyNdr dI srkfr ƒ rfh iml jfvygf.

          ÉYr ieh qF rfjnIiqk gwlF hn, asl ivwc jdoN-jdoN vI zyry hfvI hoey hn, AuhnF ny iswK kOm ƒ hI cuxOqI idwqI hY. 1978 ivwc vfpiraf inrMkfrI kFz aqy Aus qoN bfad pMjfb ivwc JuwlI dihÈqgrdI dI hnyrI ny lwKF pMjfbI nOjvfn ingl ley sn. hux iPr aijhI hI iewk hor ÈurUafq hox df KdÈf vwD igaf hY aqy ieh ÈurUafq pihlF vrgI nhIN hovygI ik hux pMjfb ivwc iswKF aqy zyrf pRymIaF ivckfr iswDI jMg hox df Kqrf vwDdf jfp irhf hY. pMjfb dy ipMzF ivwc DVybMdIaF bxIaF hoeIaF hn. zyrf pRymIaF vwloN hiQafr jmHf krn dIaF KbrF af rhIaF hn, KbrF muqfbk ieh hiQafr AuhnF ƒ kuwJ qF isrsy qoN af rhy hn, kuwJ hor rfjF qoN af rhy hn. hux Auh iehnF hiQafrF dy shfry nfm crcf krn leI Auqfvly hn qF jo iswK sMgqF AuhnF ƒ rokx. jdoN vI iswK sMgqF rokx leI afAuNdIaF hn, Auh morcfbMdI krky iswK sMgqF ƒ BFj dyx leI Auqfvly rihMdy hn. aijhy ivwc KUnI tkrfa hoxf suBfivk hI hY aqy ho vI irhf hY. pihlF iewk isrsy dy pRymI vwloN afqmhwiqaf kr lYx df doÈ iswK sMgqF `qy miVHaf igaf aqy ies nuM iPrkU rMgq dyx dI koiÈÈ kIqI geI, jdik Auh ivakqI afpxIaF pirvfrk pRyÈfnIaF kfrn hI afqmdfh krn leI mËbUr hoieaf.         iswKF leI bYT ky socx dI GVI hY ik afiKr ieh zyry pYdf hI ikAuN huMdy hn. jykr ieh zyry pYdf ho rhy hn aqy pMjfb dy lok iehnF nfl juV rhy hn qF ies ivwc doÈ iswKF df vI bhuq iËafdf hY. iswK Drm iewk srv-ivafpI Drm hY pr awj iswK Drm Auqy rfjnIqI hfvI ho cuwkI hY. kuwJ muwTI Br lok kOm dI durvrqoN afpxy isafsI lfBF leI kr rhy hn. iswKF dI isrmOr sMsQf ÈRomxI kmytI, ijs kol kroVF df bjt hY, nf qF shI ZMg nfl iswKI df pRcfr krdI hY aqy nf hI ieh pMjfb ivwc iswiKaf dI ZukvIN ivvsQf kr skI hY qF jo grIbF dy bwcy muPq ivwidaf pRfpq kr skx aqy iswK siBafcfr aqy iswK soc ƒ smJ skx. dUjI vwzI smwisaf pMjfb ivwc jfqIvfd df bolbflf hY. amIr vrg grIb vrgF ƒ mUMh nhIN lfAuNdf. afriQk duÈvfrIaF AuhnF ƒ zyiraF vwl hoVdIaF hn. jdoN qwk iehnF smwisafvF df hwl nhIN hovygI, pMjfb ivwc iesy qrHF nUrmihlIey, afÈUqoÈIey, isrsy vfly, Binafry vfly aqy hor pqf nhIN ikhVy-ikhVy iswKI ƒ cuxOqI idMdy rihxgy aqy pMjfb df mfhOl Krfb hI nhIN krngy blik hryk iswK ihrdy ƒ Pwt idMdy rihxgy.

sMqbr 7, 2007

-blrfj idAul

 


Gwt igxqI hfrpr srkfr igrfAux dy KoKly zrfvy!

          ijAuN knyzIan sMsd df iejlfs nyVy af irhf hY ivroDI iDr dI imjfjL vDdI jf rhI hY. vDy vI ikAuN nf dysL ivwc iek qF jmhUrIaq hY aqy dUjI Gwt igxqI srkfr ijs dI afksIjn ivroDI iDr kdy vI rok skdI hY. swc qF ieh hY ik jy ivroDI iDr Gwt igxqI srkfr dI afksIjn rok ky lfhf lYx dI sUrq ivwc huMdI qF ieh kd dI rok idwqI geI huMdI aqy iPr mwDkflI coxF df ibgul vwj cuwikaf huMdf.

          ilbrl afgU sRI izEN ny srkfr nMU do nukiqaF `qy cyqfvnI idwqI hY aqy ieh hn pihlf aPLgfinsqfn `coN POjF dI jld vfpsI df aqy dUjf ‘ikEto akfrz’ lfgU krn df. iehnF dovF nukiqaF `qy vwKvfdI blfk ikibkvf aqy aYn zI pI vI iqwKI sur apxf rhy jfpdy hn. pr coxF koeI vI nhIN cfhuMdf ijs kfrn srkfr bcI hoeI hY.

          jo hfl Bfrq ivwc pRmfxU muwdy `qy mnmohn isMG dI Gwt igxqI srkfr df hY qkrIbn AuhI hfl hfrpr dI srkfr df kYnyzf ivwc hY. Bfrq `c dbky kfmryz vI bhuq mfr rhy hn pr srkfr qoVn qoN ipwCy ht jFdy hn ikAuNik AuhnF nMU sMBfvI coxf ivwc Korf lwgx df zr hY.  ieDr vI ilbrlF aqy aYn zI pI, dovF nMU hI Kory df zr vwz vwz Kf irhf hY ijs kfrn Buwb qF bhuqI mfrdy hn pr dMdI nhIN vwZdy.

          ilbrlo afgU vloN ijhnF do muwidaF nMU srkfr igrfAux dy zrfvy vfsqy vriqaf jf irhf hY AuhnF dy mfmly ivwc ilrbl afp bhuqy JUTy hn. aPLgfinsqfn nMU lY lE ijwQy POjF ByjIaF hI XF ikRqIaF dI ilbrl srkfr ny sn. kI ilbrlF nMU Aus smyN aPLgfn lVfeI afpxI jfpdI sI jo hux prfeI ho geI hY? kI Es smyN POj nMU Byijaf jfxf jfiej sI jo hux njfiejL ho igaf hY? ies mOky knyzIan POj kfbul ivwc qYnfq sI jo mukblqn surwiKaq joLn sI. ies ipwCoN knyzIan POj nMU kMDfr vfly awj dy KLqrnfk imsLn `qy Byjx vflI srkfr vI pfl mfritn dI ilbrl srkfr hI sI. Es smyN ilbrl mIzIey ny pfl mfritn dI srkfr nMU vrijaf ikAuN nf aqy Es smyN jnfb izEN afp ies df ivroD krn ikAuN nf inkly? jo awj jld POj vfps bulfAux dI pukfr  kr rhy hn.

          aPLgfn imsLn dy mfmly ivwc ilbrl JUTy hI nhIN hn sgoN ieh ksUrvfr vI hn ijhnF knyzIan POj nMU isKlfeI aqy hiQafrF dy pwKoN ies imsLn dy hfx dI nf bxfieaf aqy qYnfq krnf mMn gey. nf POj kol aDuink bKLqrbMd gwzIaF, nf tYNk aqy nf hI afpxI hvfeI CqrI. POj dI igxqI aqy iqafrI vI imsLn dy hfx dI nhIN sI. jd ik kMDfr ivwc amrIknf nMU pysL af rhI muksLl spsLt ivKfeI idMdI sI.

          bhuqy lok mIzIey dy pwKpfqI rol kfrn ieh Buwl jFdy hn ik hfrpr srkfr nMU aPLgfn imsLn dfjL ivwc imilaf hY.  hfrpr srkfr ny POj nMU drpysL cxOqIaF dy mukfbly dI krn vfsqy tYNkF aqy bKLqrbMD gwzIaF df pRbMD kIqf hY. afpxy vwzy splfeI hvfeI jhfjL KrIdy hn aqy isKlfeI aqy sport vDfeI hY. POj dy mfmly ivwc ajy bhuq kuJ hor kIqf jfxf bfkI hY. iek pfsy amrIkf `qy POjI tyk df dosL lgfieaf jFdf hY aqy dUjy pfsy POjI bjt ivwc vfDy df vI ivroD kIqf jFdf hY. afpxI POj ivwc jfn nhIN hovygI qF amrIkf `qy inrBr krn qoN ibnF hor koeI cfrf hI nhIN bcygf.

          rhI gwl ikEto akfrz nMU lfgU krn dy dmgjLy mfrn dI, ilbrl ies mfmly ivwc vI JUTy hI hn. ilbrl afgU afp vfqfvrx mMqrI huMidaF ies akfrz nMU lfgU nhIN sn kr sky aqy hux hfrpr srkfr `qy ies nMu lfgU krn dI qlvfr ltkf rhy hn. bIqy ds sflF ivwc ilbrl ies akfrz dy mfmly ivwc ipClKurI qury hn aqy grIn hfAUs gYsF df inkfs kfbU krn dI QF vDfeI gey hn. jo tIcf 10-15 sflF ivwc pRfpq kIqf jfxf sI Auh hux rfqo rfq pRfpq krn dIaF zYWzlfeInF imwQI bYTy hn.  mfhr ieh gwl vfr vfr dohrf cuwky hn ik ieh tIcf hux pRfpq krnf musLkl hY aqy ikAuNik ies vfsqy grIn hfAus gYsF ivwc 30 qoN 35% ktOqI krnI pvygI ijs df mqlb hY ik afriQkqf nMU brykF lgfAuxIaF pYxgIaF ijs nfl rujLgfr dy mOky Gtxgy `qy byrujLgfrI vDygI. ies mfmly ivwc ilbrlF dIaF chyqIaF lybr XUnIanF vI AuhnF nfl sihmq nhIN hn.

-blrfj idEl

agsq 31, 2007

 


aMDfDMud Krcf ishq syvfvF `c suDfr nhIN kr skdf

          kYnyzf ivwc ishq syvfvF `qy Krcf lgfqfr vDdf jf irhf hY aqy ies dy nfl hI syvfvF ivwc igrfvft vI af rhI hY. ijhnF lokF nMU kdy aYmrjMsI syvfvF jF aprysLn vgYrf dI loV peI hY Auh jfxdy hn ik ishq syvfvF iks pfsy nMU jf rhIaF hn.  jd kdy vI ishq syvfvF dI gwl huMdI hY qF isafsI afgU lokF nMU guMmrfh krn vfly ibafn dfgdy hn. hr isafsqdfn hI kYnyzf df pbilk mYzIkyar pRogrfm kfiem rwKx aqy ies ivwc hor suDfr krn df vfadf krdf hY.  kuJ Kwby pwKI isafsqdfn qF Jwt lokF nMU amrIkf vfly mihMgy aqy pRfeIvyt ishq isstm df zr vI dyx lwg jFdy hn aqy ivroDIaF `qy kYnyzf df ishq isstm qbfh krn dy gupq mnsUibaF dy ieljLfm vI lgfAux gwl jFdy hn.  isafsdfnF kol ishq syvfvF ivwc suDfr df iewko iek rfmbfx hY hor zflr. hr vfr coxF mOky ishq syvfvF vfsqy nvyN zflrF dIaF motIaF motIaF pMzF  aYlfnIaF jFdIaF hn pr suDfr vflI KoqI iPr vI bohV hyT hI rihMdI hY.

          Bfrq aqy pfiksqfn vrgy grIb dysLF ivcoN afey hoey lok jd kdy knyzIan hspqflF nMU PMzF dI looV bfry suxdy hn qF AuhnF dy mnF aMdr afpxI jnmBUmI dy AuhnF grIb hspqflF dI qsvIr GumMx lgdI hY ijhnF ivwc shUlqF dI awq drjy dI Gft huMdI hY ijs df kfrn PMzF dI Gft aqy kurwpsLn dovyN hI huMdy hn. srkfrI jF isvl hspqflF nMU kurwpsLn Gux vFg lwgI hoeI huMdI hY aqy pRfeIvyt hspqfl grIb lokF dI phuMc qoN bfhr huMdy hn. bfkI bcdy hn smfj syvI hspqfl jF izspYNsrIaF jo vwK vwK Dfrimk jF smfijk sMsQfvF clfAuNdIaF hn. pMjfb ivwc aYsy muPLq hspqfl aqy izspYNsrIaF lokF dI KUb syvf kr rhIaF hn aqy ishq syvfvF df Durf hn. ieh eIsfeI imsLnrIaF vloN clfey jf rhy hox jF gurU nfnk imsLn, dieafnMd imsLn, rfDf suafmI aqy hor Dfrimk imsLnF vloN, kMm iehnF df bhuq sLlfGfXog hY. hux qF bhuq sfry pRvfsIaF vloN vI afpxy afpxy ielfky ivwc keI hspqfl jF qF afp Kohly gey hn jF ajyhy hspqflF dI mflI mdd kIqI jf rhI hY. iehnF hspqflF ivwc syvfvF dyx vfly bhuq sfry zfktr vI jF qF bhuq Gwt qnKfh `qy kMm (syvf) krdy hn jF afpxI pRfeIvyt pRYkts ivwcoN smF kwZ ky muPLq syvf krdy hn.

          hspqflF bfry ieh syvf vflI qsvIr hI hY ijs kfrn keI lok hspqflF nMU dfn dyx dI vkflq krdy hn. hspqflF nMU dfn dyxf koeI burI gwl nhIN hY pr ieh svfl puwCx df vI PrjL bxdf hY ik srkfr nMU tYksF dy rUp ivwc idwqy zflrF dIaF pMzF ikwQy jFdIaF hn? sLihrIaF vloN idwqy tYksF nMU iqMn hI pwDrF dIaF srkfrF PYzrl, subfeI aqy imAuNsl ikwQy KrcdIaF hn? sLihrIaF qoN vwK vwK sfDnF rfhIN vsUly tYks df buhqf DMn iqMn syvfvF dI ByNt cVdf hY. ieh syvfvF hn ishq, ividaf aqy aPLsLfhI. aqy ieh iqMno syvfvF hI ies mOky iek iksm dI ajLrydfrI (mnfplI) hyT hn. ishq syvfvF pbilk hn aqy pbilk iehnF nMU awj dI iksm dIaF pbilk syvfvF hI rwKxf cfhuMdI hY ikAuNik qbdIlI df zr amrIkf vflf isstm ivKfAuNdf hY. mukfblf iksy nfl nhIN hY aqy iksy iksm dI kusLlqf (aYPIsLYNsI) dI koeI loV nhIN hY. ividaf vI pbilk Kyqr dI ajLfrydfrI hyT hY aqy ies ivwc mukfblf iksy nfl nhIN hY ies leI ividaf dy Kyqr ivwc koeI “vfl-mfrt” nhIN HhY jo ssqIaF aqy vDIaf syvfvF afPLr kr skdf hovy. ividaf df Kyqr ishq syvfvF vFg jMgfilaf hoieaf hY. srkfrI aPLsrsLfhI df Kyqr vI ajLfrydfrI vflf hY jd idl kry XUnIanvfd lokF dy nwk ivwc dm kr skdf hY. iehI kfrn hY ik torFto vrgy sLihr dIaF imAuNspl srkfrF awD awDf iblIan zflr Gfty ivwc hn.

          gwl ishq syvfvF dI kr rhy sF aqy  kYnyzf dy hspqflF nMU srkfr vloN cMgy moty PMz imldy hn ieh vwKrI gwl hY ik ieh hspqfl ajy vI hor PMzF dI mMg krdy hn aqy hr bjt ivwc ishq syvfvF `qy vDfey jf Krcy dy bfvjUd iehnF dI PMzF dI BuwK kdy vI pUrI nhIN huMdI. zflrF dIaF pMzF nfl ieh BuwK kdy pUrI ho vI nhIN skxI ikAuNik ies df kfrn zflrF dI kmI nhIN hY sgoN zflrF vfsqy hor vDdI jf rhI BuwK hY. isafsdfnF vfsqy lokF nMU ieh swc dwsxf Gfty vflf sOdf hY ikAuNik ies nfl votF tuwtdIaF hn. XUnIanvfd ieh gwl dwsxI hI nhIN cfhuMdf ikAuNik ies nfl AuhnF nMU afp nMU hI Gftf pYNdf hY. iswtf aYsI GUMmxGyrI hY ijs ivwc lokF dI lhU psIny dI kmfeI dy zflr ruVdy jf rhy hn aqy lgfqfr hor ruVdy jfxy hn.

          ies hPLqy knyzIan mYzIkl asosIeysLn ( sI[ aYm[ ey[) dI pRDfngI vYnkUvr dy zfktr brfien zya ny sMBflI hY ijs nfl keI isafsqdfnF aqy XUnIanvfdIaF ny kMn KVy kr ley hn. zfktr zya bhuq qjrbykfr srjn hY jo afpxI jvfnI vylLy Kwby pwKI irhf aqy ikAUbf ivwc vI kMm kr cuwkf hY. dwisaf jFdf hY ik AuhnF idnF ivwc Auh ikAUbf dy afgU PIdl kfstro dy vI njLdIk irhf hY. sI[ aYm[ ey[ 140 sfl purfxI sMsQf hY jo ik knyzIan mYzIkl ikwqy dI nYiqkqf df aDfr mMnI jFdI hY. AuNJ ies sMsQf kol ishq syvfvF ivwc iksy iksm dI qbdIlI krn df koeI kfnUMnI aiDkfr nhIN hY. zfktr zya afpxy lMby qjLrby kfrn ieh jfxdf  hY ik knyzIan ishq syvfvF iek “QWlf rihq bfltI” vFg hn ijs ivwc ijMnf mrjLI pfxI pfeI jfE ies ny Brnf kdy nhIN hY. ies bfltI nMU Brn vfsqy pihlF ies df Qwlf lgfAux dI loV hY aqy iPr ies ivwc  zflrF dIaF pMzF rUpI pfxI df lYvl vyiKaf jF mfipaf jf skdf hY.

          zfktr zya dy ivroDIaF ny ieh pRcfr krnf sLurU kr idwqf hY ik Auh kYnyzf ivwc pbilk ishq syvfvF df Bog pfAuxf cfhuMdf hY. zfktr zya ny spsLt afK idwqf hY ik Aus df aYsf koeI eyjMzf nhIN hY aqy Auh ishq syvfvF ivwc pRfeIvyt adfiraF vflI qrk-sMgq phuMc apxfey jfx dy hwk ivwc hY qF ik iehnF dI kusLlqf vDfeI jf sky aqy sfry sLihrIaF nMU vDIaf ishq syvfvF idwqIaF jf skx.

          ies vfsqy zfktr zya ny jo suJfE idwqf hY Auh dysL dy sLihrIaF vfsqy bhuq mhwqvpUrn hY. zfktr zya ny hspqflF nMU imldI ibnF sLrq srkfrI PMizMg nMU hspqfl vloN pRdfn kIqIaF ishq syvfvF nfl joVn df suJfE idwqf hY. awj hspqflF nMU sfl dy sLurU ivwc bwjvIN grFt dy idwqI jFdI hY ijs nMU hspqfl afpxI mrjLI muqfibk vrq skdy hn. sfl Br ivwc iksy hspqfl ivwc ikMny aqy iks iksm dy mrIjL afAuNdy hn aqy AuhnF nMU iks iksm dIaF syvfvF idwqIaF jFdIaF hn ies df ies grFt jF PMizMg nfl koeI vfsqf nhIN hY. zfktr zya df suJfE hY ik hr imafrI ielfj jF pRosIjLr df Krcf imwQ ilaf jfvy aqy hr hspqfl nMU ielfjy gey mrIjLF jF pRosIjLrF dy ihsfb nfl grFtF idwqIaF jfx. ijMny vwD mrIjF df koeI hspqfl ielfj krygf Esy ihsfb nfl Es hspqfl nMU grFt idwqI jfvygI.

          ies nfl hspqflF ivwc kusLlqf (aYPIsLYNsI) afvygI aqy mrIjL vI Aus hspqfl nMU jfxgy ijs ivwc ielfj imafrI aqy smyN isr kIqf jFdf hovy. hspqflF nMU mrIjL iKwcx vfsqy hwQ pYr ihlfAuxy pYxgy aqy ies nfl ishq syvfvF df imafr AuWcf hovygf. jfhr hY ik ies iksm dy PfrmUly nfl hwQ `qy hwQ Dr ky srkfrI grFt dI AuzIk ivwc bYTx vfly hspqfl pRbMDk mfr Kf jfxgy aqy mrIjLF nMU vDIaf syvfvF dy ky vwD qoN vwD grFtF pRfpq krn dI koisLsL krn vfly hspqfl afp vI KusL aqy AuhnF dy mrIjL vI KusL qy lokF dy lhU psIny dI kmfeI dy tYks dy zflrF dI vI ZukvIN vrqoN hovygI.

          zfktr zya sLihrIaF vfsqy pRfeIvyt syvfvF dy vI hwk ivwc hY ijs bfry sfry isafsqdfn hI lokF kol JUT boldy hn aqy JUT boldy rhy hn. srkfr qoN pYsy cfrj kr ky agr koeI pRfeIvyt mYzIkl adfrf PYmlI zfktrF vFg igwty, gozy, awKF jF hor iksm dy vDIaf aprysLn smyN isr kr skdf hovy qF ies nfl sLihrIaF nMU lfB hI hovygf koeI nuksfn nhIN hovygf. vwK vwK aprysLnF vfsqy lMbI AuzIk df smF Gtygf ijs nfl Gfqk bImfrIaF dI smyN isr prK aqy ielfj ho skygf. ikbYWk vfly iek kys dy mfmly ivwc AuWc adflq pihlF hI ieh PYslf dy cuwkI hY ik sLihrIaF nMU ajyhy ielfj df hwk hY. zfktr zya ny ibnF iJjk afK idwqf hY ik lokF nMU pbilk ishq syvfvF df pfT pVfHAux vfly afgU XF ikRqIaF, pfl mfritn, joa klfrk aqy jYk lyatn afp loV pYx `qy qyjL pRfeIvyt ishq syvfvF df afnMd mfx cuwky hn.

-blrfj idEl

agsq 24, 2007

 


iek do iqMn smJOqy `qy kfmryzF df Pokf vfvylf!

 

          ajLfd Bfrq ny ies hPLqy ajLfdI dy 60 sfl pUry kr ky 61vyN sfl ivwc pYr rwiKaf hY. ieh smF Bfrq vfsqy cVHq df smF hY, jo qrwkI Bfrq ny bIqy dhfky dOrfn kIqI hY Aus nfl Bfrq aqy BfrqIaF df mfx snmfn sfrI dunIaF ivwc viDaf hY. Bfrq dI afrIQkqf slfnf 8-9% dI dr nfl vD rhI hY jo ik cIn qoN ipwCoN dunIaF ivwc dUjy nMbr `qy hY.  Bfrq ivwc jIvn dy hr Kyqr ivwc BrpUr qrwkI vyKx nMU iml rhI hY. kdy dunIaF qoN invysL (ienvYstmYNt) dI mMg krn vflf Bfrq awj afp dunIaF dy kony kony ivwc ienvYstmYNt kr irhf hY. keI BfrqI kMpnIaF ivdysLI kMpnIaF KrId rhIaF hn jF AuhnF ivwc BfeIvfl bx rhIaF hn.

          Auh vI smF sI Bfrq qoN ivdysL afAux vfly BfrqI sLihrI lfeInF ivwc lwg ky 6 amrIkn zflr dI Pfrn krMsI hI styt bYNk qoN lY skdy sn aqy ivdysL ivwc vpfr jF pVHn vfsqy Pfrn krMsI mnjLUr krvfAux vfsqy mhIinaF bwDI smF lwg jfieaf krdf sI. hux Bfrq ivwc ivdysLI krMsI dI koeI Gft nhIN hY. ies hPqy BfrqI irjLrv bYNk ny dysL ivc BfrI mfqrf ivc ivdysLI krMsI jmHF ho jfx kfrn dysL dy nfgirkF nUM dysL dy bfhr afpxy Kfqy KolHx dI afigaf dy idwqI hY aqy Auh hr sfl 1 lwK zflr (krIb 41 lwK rupey) dI rkm ibnF agfAUN pRvfngI dy jmHF krvf skxgy. bfhr pYsy Byjx bfry nvIN Audfr nIqI df aYlfn krn df AudysL lokF aqy kMpnIaF nUM ivdysLF ivc pUMjI invysL leI AuqsLfihq krnf hY qF jo ivdysLI pUMjI dy vDyry mfqrf ivc Bfrq afAux nfl pYdf hox vflIaF smwisafvF `qy kfbU pfieaf jf sky. BfrqI sLihrI ivdysL ivc jLmIn, jfiedfd, KrId skdy hn. sLyarF aqy imAUcl PMzF ivc invysL kr skdy hn jF koeI hor asfsy hfisl kr skdy hn. ieh Bfrq dI afriQk KusLhflI dI insLfnI hY.

          ies df ieh mqlb nhIN hY ik Bfrq ivwc swB smwisafvF df Kfqmf ho igaf hY aqy Bfrq dy swB sLihrI KusLhfl ho gey hn. awj vI Bfrq nMU grIbI, BuwKmrI, bImfrI, anpVHqf, kurwpsLn aqy vD rhI abfdI df sfhmxf krnf pY irhf hY ijs kfrn sroqF dI QuVH pYdf ho jfx zr hY. kul imlf ky ijs lIhy Bfrq pY igaf hY Auh awgf svfrn vflI gwl hY. Bfrq dI nINh jF kih lE ik Bfrq df aDfr bhuq mjLbUq hY. anpVHqf dy huMidaF hoieaF vI Bfrq ivwc zfktrF, ieMjnIarF aqy hor KfsIaqF vfly inpuMn mfhr ivakqIaF df vwzf BMzfr hY aqy Bfrq lgfqfr ajyhy mfhrF leI dunIaF vfsqy sroq bixaF hoieaf hY. dunIaF dIaF hfeI-tYk kMpnIaF Bfrq ivwc Koj kyNdr sQfipq kr rhIaF hn aqy bhuq sfry dysL keI syvfvF Bfrq nMU afAUt-sors kr rhy hn.

          Bfrq dI swB qoN vwzI pRfpqI, jmhUrIaq dI jVH PV jfxf hY. bIqy 60 sflF ivwc Bfrq ivwc iek vI imltrI rfjltf nhIN hoieaf qy Bfrq nMU pfiksqfn vFg izktyrisLp df sMqfp nhIN Bogxf ipaf. isrPL 1975 qoN 1977 drimafn 18 ku mhIny aYmrjMsI df sfhmxf krnf ipaf sI ijs vfsqy dysL dy votrF ny kFgrs pfrtI aqy kFgrs afgU bIbI ieMdr gFDI nMU sKLq sjLf idwqI sI. kFgrs nMU 1977 ivwc hoeI lwk qoVvIN hfr kfrn Bfrq dy isafsqdfnF nMU ieh sunyhF iml igaf sI ik Auh jmhUrIaq nfl hux CyVKfnI nhIN kr skdy. swc qF ieh mMinaF jfxf cfhIdf hY ik bIbI ieMdrf gFDI ny afpxy rfjkfl ivwc Bfrq dy lokF nMU swB vwDIaf qoaPf ‘aYmrjMsI’ dy rUp ivwc idwqf sI. jy bIbI ieh kuqfhI nf krdI qF Bfrq dy lokF nMU jmhUrIaq dI aihmIaq sLfied eynI mihsUs nf huMdI ijMnI aYmrjMsI df rfj vyK ky hoeI hY.

          jo lok Bfrq dIaF AUxqfeIaF igx ky hI afpxy afp nMU KusL rwKdy hn drasl Auh vI Bfrq `qy aihsfn hI krdy hn. ies nfl BfrqI ZFcf hor sqwrk huMdf hY aqy sMBfvI AUxqfeIaF vwl iDafn iKwicaf jFdf hY. ieh lok AuhnF dysLF vwl nhIN vyKdy jo Bfrq dy nfl hI ajLfd hoey hn pr afpxy lokF nMU vot dy hwk dI grMtI vI nhIN dy sky.

          ajLfd Bfrq dy afgUaF ny bhuq sfrIaF glqIaF kIqIaF hn ijhnF ivwc do glqIaF pRmuwK hn. pihlI gLlqI votF dI lflsf ivwc koeI vI kukrm krn qwk jfx dI hY ijs kfrn BfrqI smfj ivwc ksLmksL Kfs kr iPrkU iKcfE vDdf irhf hY. ies vfsqy Bfrq dIaF sfrIaF isafsI pfrtIaF hI kuJ nf kuJ hwd qwk ijLmyvfr hn. pMjfb, pUrbI rfjF, ksLmIr, gujrfq afid ivwc votF Kfiqr KyzI geI iPrkU Kyz ny bhuq nuksfn kIqf hY. votF Kfiqr hI aMnI rIjLrvysLn dI Kyz KyzI jFdI hY ijs nfl jfqIvMz vDdI jf rhI hY. Bfrq hI dunIaF df iek aYsf dysL hY ijwQy keI iPrky afpxy afp nMU kfnMUnI qOr `qy “nIvyN” krfr dyx dI mMg krdy hn qF ik Auh rIjLrvysLn ivwc af skx. rfjsQfn ivwc gujLwr BfeIcfry df ihMsk aMdoln ies dI qfjLf imsfl hY. ies hPLqy pMjfb dy rfey iswKF nUM iek ibwl duafrf anusUicq jfqIaF dI sLRyxI ivc sLfiml kr ilaf igaf hY. ieh ibl rfjsBf ny pfs kr idwqf hY aqy jldI hY kfnUMn df ruqbf hfisl kr lvygf. ijs iksy iPrky nMU Kfs shUlqF iml jFdIaF hn Auh qF KusL ho jFdf hY pr ieh swB kuJ hY vot rjnIqI df ihwsf hI. ikAuNik jmhUrIaq votF jF isrF dI igxqI df dUjf nfm hY ies leI ies aqy ies qrF dy “sfeIz-aPYkt” qoN pUrI qrF bcxf sMBv hI nhIN hY.

          bIqy 60 sflF ivwc dUjI pRmuwK gLlqI Bfrq dy afgUaF df kiQq qOr `qy “smfjvfd” vwl nMU JukfE sI. ies kfrn ajyhIaF nIqIaF apxfeIaF geIaF ijhnF nfl dysL dI qrwkI qkrIbn awDI sdI jUMa dI qory peI rhI. grIb lok ijwQy rujLgfr dI Gft kfrn BuwK kwtdy rhy AuWQy mwDvrg kfrF, tYlIPUnF, trYktrF qy hor msLInrI, iewQoN qwk ik vDIaf iksm dy tfierF qwk leI keI keI sfl lMbIaF lfeInF ivwc gujLfrdf irhf ijs nfl kurwpsLn Gr kr geI. afpxf nMbr awgy krvfAux leI kurwpsLn qoN ibnF koeI hor cfrf hI nhIN sI. ies nfl snaqI qrwkI ivwc KVoq af geI, ajLfrydfrI vD geI aqy grIbF leI rujLgfr dy sfDn sImq ho ky rih gey.  10 ku sfl pihlF Kuwly arQcfry dy qjLrby ny swB kuJ bdl ky rwK idwqf hY. ies nfl kfrF, vfhnF, tYlIPonF aqy hor mwD vrg dI vrqoN vflIaF vsqUaF dI koeI kmI nhIN rhI aqy kfimaF vfsqy rujLgfr nMU BrpUr hlUxf vI imilaf hY. iswty vjoN lfeIn ivwc lwg ky Ponkfl krn vyly hYlo hYlo dI AuWcI aqy mihMgI rwt lgfAux dI loV KLqm ho geI aqy hYlo (sYwlPon) ryVHI lgfAux aqy idhfVI krn vfly mjLdUrF qwk dI phuMc ivwc af geI.

          duwK dI gwl ieh hY ik KuwlI afriQkqf df ikRsLmF vyK ky vI Bfrq dy kfmryz ajy mcly hoey bYTy hn. Bfrq ny ies hPLqy amrIkf nfl aYtmI smJOqf isry lfgieaf hY ijs nMU iek do iqMn (123) smJOqf afKdy hn. ies nfl Bfrq aYn[pI[tI[ (pRmfxU apsfr sMDI) `qy dsKq krn qoN ibnF hI aYtmI qfkqF smyq dunIaF Br nfl aYtmI vpfr krn dy Xog hoieaf hY. ies nfl BfrqI kMpnIaF vfsqy aYtmI mMzI Kuwl jfxI hY, Bfrq ny amrIkf smyq dnIaF dy sB dysLF nfl Kwul ky isvlIan aYtmI lYx dyx krn jogf ho jfxf hY. ies nfl aYtmI qknIk hor ivksq hox dy mOky pYdf hoxy hn aqy ies dy nfl hI isvlIan aYtmI pRfjYkt ivdysLF nMU vycx df rfh Kuwl jfxf hY. 'inAUklr pfvr kfrporysLn afP ieMzIaf' dy cyarmYn sRI aYs[ ky[ jYn ny ikhf hY ik Bfrq-amrIkf gLYr-sYink pRmfxU sMDI kfrn agly 15 sflF `c pRmfxU ibjlI Auqpfdn Kyqr `c vwK vwK vwzIaF kMpnIaF nfl 40 arb zflr dy invysL leI rfh KuwlH igaf hY.

          Bfrq df sYink aYtmI pRogrfm ies smJOqy qoN bfhr rwiKaf igaf hY. Bfrq ny ieh sLrq rwKI sI aqy mnvf vI leI hY ik Bfrq df sYink pRogrfm ieh smJOqy dI mfr hyT nhIN afvygf. kfmryzF ny ies smJOqy dI sUh pYNdy sfr hI ies df ivroD sLurU kr idwqf sI aqy hux amrIkI ivdysL ivBfg dy bulfry sIn mYkkormYk dy ies ibafn ik  Bfrq vwloN pRmfxU Dmfkf (prK) krn dI sUrq ivc ieh iekrfrnfmf rwd smiJaf jfvygf, hor qrQwlI mcf idwqI hY. dunIaF df hr smJOqf hr dysL kdy vI rwd kr skdf hY aqy 123 vI Bfrq aqy amrIkf dovyN hI kdy vI rwd kr skdy hn. amrIkf kdy vI pwQr `qy ilK ky nhIN dyvygf ik Auh iksy vI hflq ivwc 123 rwd nhIN krygf aqy nf hI Bfrq kdy aYsf pwkf Brosf dyvygf. ieh gwl vI ivcfrn vflI hY ik Bfrq pihlF hI aYtmI qjrbf nf krn df aYlfn kr cuwkf hY aqy qknIk dy ivkfs nfl aYtmI qjrbf krn dI hux koeI bhuqI loV vI nhIN hY aqy ajyhf qjrbf hux kMipAutrF dI mdd nfl aMdr bYTy hI kIqf jf skdf hY. jy kdy iksy ajyhy qjrby dI loV peI qF Aus smyN amrIkf aqy Bfrq AuhI krngy jo AuhnF dy Es smyN afpxy afpxy ihwqF ivwc hovygf.

          kfmryz iek pfsy qF bMgfl dI afriQkqf ivdysLI aqy dysLI invysLkfrF vfsqy Kohl rhy hn aqy dUjy pfsy pRmfxU Kyqr ivwc Audfrvfd qoN ipwCy iKwc rhy hn. jykr awj Bfjpf qfkq ivwc huMdI qF Aus ny vI EhI krnf sI jo zf: mnmohx isMG ny amrIkf nfl kIqf hY. Bfjpf vI kfmryzF nfl rlL ky isafsI zrfm hI kr rhI hY. Aurjf loVF aqy qknIkI ivkfs leI 123 smJOqf bhuq mhwqvpUrn hY aqy zf: mnmohx isMG df sKLq stYNz iek sfhs Biraf qy sLlfGfXog kdm hY.           -blrfj idEl

agsq 19, 2007

 


ibrD ho irhf ienPRfstrkcr

          bIqy hPLqy agsq 1 sLfm dy 6 ku vjy dy krIb rwsL dOrfn amrIkf dy sLihr imnIaypls ivwc hfeIvya 35 df imsIisWpI diraf `qy bixaF pul tuwt ky diraf ivwc izwg ipaf. 1967 ivwc bxy ies pul nMU rojLfnf 140,000 dy krIb kfrF vrqdIaF dwsIaF geIaF hn. ajy qwk vI imsIiswpI diraf ivwc izwgIaF sfrIaF kfrF aqy lfsLF bfhr kwZIaF nhIN jf skIaF. ijs kfrn mOqF dI shI igxqI df vI pqf nhIN lgfieaf jf sikaf, ies hfdsy ivwc 100 dy krIb lok jLKLmI ho gey sn. imlIaF rportF muqfibk ies pul df ZFcf kmjLor ho cuwkf sI aqy ies `qy rIpIar df kMm cwl irhf sI. pul dy ZFcy ivwc af cuwkI kmjLorI dI iek qF smyN isr rIpIar nhIN sI ho skI aqy dUjf ies kmjLorI nMU iDafn ivwc rwK ky pul dI vrqoN sImq krn bfry vI koeI kdm nhIN sI AuTfieaf igaf. dunIaF dy sLihrF ivwc vD rhI abfdI aqy vfhnf dI vD rhI igxqI kfrn ajyhy muwK mfrgF nMU vwzI rIpyar vfsqy bMd krnf,  pihlF hI gMBIr ho rhy tRYiPk jfmF ivwc hor vfDf krn vflI gwl hY. ies durGtnf ny pwCmI jgq dy pRmuwK sLihrF ivwc isivk ienPRfstrkcr ivwc Aumr kfrn af rhI kmjLorI sfhmxy ilaFdI hY.

          pwCmI dysLF ivwc dUjI sMsfr jMg qoN bfad qknIkI pwDr `qy BfrI qrwkI hoeI sI aqy ies dOr ivwc hI keI vwzy vwzy puwl, Evr pfs, PlfeI-Evr aqy hfeIvya hoNd ivwc afey sn ijhnF dI Aumr hux awDI sdI qoN twpdI jf rhI hY aqy ieh ienPRfstrkcr ibrD huMdf jf irhf hY. bIqy sfl sqMbr ivwc mFtrIal ivwc kMnkorzIaf bulyvfrz `qy bixaF pul vI tut ky izg ipaf sI aqy ies durGtnf ivwc 5 ivakqI mfry gey sn. iekwly ikbYWk sUby ivwc hI ajyhy 135 pul aqy Evr pfs hn ijhnF nMU ibrD avsQf kfrn KLqrnfk mMinaF jf irhf hY. mFtrIal sLihr ny ies hPLqy 9 vwK vwK mfrgF `qy BfrI trwk tRiPk bMd kr idwqI hY. ibrD ho rhy isivk ienPRfstrkcr ivwc pulF aqy EvrpfsF dy nfl nfl vftr tRItmYNt plFt, vftr splfeI isstm aqy pfxI dy inkfs df ZFcf vI sLfml hY.

          kYnyzf dy aMkVf ivBfg (stYitks ) muqfibk kYnyzf df 60% ZFcf ijs ivwc pul, Evrpfs, ieMtrcyNjjL aqy ports sLfml hn, 40 sfl qoN vwD purfxf ho cuwkf hY aqy rIpyafr dI loV mihsUs kr irhf hY. dysL df 30% ZFcf 80 sfl qoN vwD purfxf hY ijs ivcoN bhuq sfrf muV AusfrI df AumIdvfr hY. mFtrIal ivwc trwk tRYiPk vfsqy ies hPLqy bMd kIqf igaf hYnrI burfsf bulyvfrz mfrg 1938 ivwc bxfieaf igaf sI aqy 1989 ivwc vwzI rIpyar kIqI geI sI.

          EntyrIE ivwc bIqy sfl 187 ajyhy pul sn jo surwiKaf syPLtI inspYksLn pfs nhIN sn kr sky hflF ik ieh eynI Ksqf hflq ivwc nhIN sn ik iehnF nMU bMd krnf pey. mYnItobf sUby ivwc ies smyN 123 pulF `qy njLr rwKI jf rhI hY ikAuNik AuhnF dI Aumr hux 50 sflF qoN twp cuwkI hY. knyzIan kONsl afPl pRoPYsLnl ieMjnIarjL muqfibk kYnyzf ivwc agly 20 sflF ivwc iePRfstrkcr rIpyar vfsqy 80 iblIan zflr Krcy jfx dI loV pvygI. ieh aMdfjLf rIpyar dy Krcy df hY nvyN ienPRfstrkcr df Krc ies qoN vwKrf hY jo vD rhI sLihrI abfdI kfrn Ausfiraf jf irhf hY jF Ausfiraf jfvygf.

          PYzrl, subfeI aqy sLihrI srkfrF dy bjt df bhuqf ihwsf qnKfhF dy rUp ivwc Kricaf jFdf hY aqy ies ivwc lgfqfr vfDf ho irhf hY. iehI kfrn hY ik tYksF ivwc vfDy df ruJfn vyKx nMU iml irhf hY. srkfrF afpxy afpxy pwDr `qy vwK vwK ZMgF nfl tYksF ivwc vfDf kr rhIaF hn. ajy kuJ hPLqy pihlF hI torFto dI imAUNspl srkfr ny nvyN tYks lgfAux dI koisLsL kIqI sI jo kfmXfb nhIN sI ho skI. myar imlr kfrF dI rijstrysLn aqy jfiedfd dI rijstrI `qy hor tYks lgfAuxf cfhuMdy sn jo istI kONsl ivwc pfs nhIN sI ho sikaf. myar imlr ny ajyhy ibafn vI dfgy sn ik jy ieh tYks pRopojLl mMnI nf geI qF sLihrI shUlqF ijs ivwc puils aqy tRFsport (tI[tI[sI srivs)sLfml hn, ivwc ktOqI krnI pY skdI hY.

          srkfrI aqy arD srkfrI adfiraF dy mulfjLmF dIaF qnKfhF iek aYsf mfmlf hY ijs nMU kfbU rwKx vfsqy bhuqy isafsqdfn kdy vI sMjIdf nhIN huMdy ikAuNik Auh afrgynfeIjLz XUnIanF dI qfkq qoN zrdy hn jo coxf mOky AuhnF leI musLkl KVI kr skdIaF hn. afsfn qrIkf vwK vwK tYksF ivwc vfDf krnf aqy XUjLr PIsF lfgU krnf smiJaf jFdf hY ikAuNik afm lok swB kuJ jldI Buwl jFdy hn. iehI kfrn hY ik hr sLihr ivwc pRfprtI tYks lgfqfr hr sfl hI vDfey jf rhy hn. ividaf, ishq aqy isivk syvfvF `qy Krcf lgfqfr vDdf jf irhf hY aqy nfl hI syvfvF dy imafr ivwc igrfvt af rhI hY. ieh ajyhy adfry hn jo vwzIaF XUnIanF dy gLlby hyT hn aqy isafsqdfn iehnF qoN afm votrF qoN ikqy vwD zrdy hn.

          dUjy pfsy sosLl pRogrfm aqy sLfno-sLOkq vfly sports kMplYksjL afid `qy vI pihl dy aDfr `qy Krcf kIqf jFdf hY ikAuNik iehnF nfl sbMDq lfbI nMU vI KusL rwKxf pYNdf hY. isafsqdfnF vfsqy iksy Ksqf ho rhy pul jF Evr pfs dI rIpyar nMU 10-15 ku sfl awgy pfAuxf iksy XUnIan nfl qnKfh dy mfmly ivwc pMgf lYx nfloN bhuq afsfn kMm hY aqy ies df iswtf imnIaypls vrgIaF durGtnfvF ivwc inkldf hY.

          sLihrIaF dI surwiKaf srkfrF dI pRmuwK ijLmyvfrI bxdI hY aqy EvrpfsF aqy pulF qoN lMGidaF sLihrIaF dy mnF ivwc iksy iksm df zr BYa nhIN hoxf cfhIdf. isivk syvfvF, nYsLnl surwiKaf, zIPYNs aqy tYroirjLm qoN surwiKaf pRdfn krn dy nfl ibrD ho irhf isivk ienPRfstrkcr vI isafsqdfnF dy ryzfr skrIn `qy hoxf cfhIdf hY.

-blrfj idEl

agsq 10, 2007

 


eyar ieMzIaf bMb kFz, hor sUh lwgx dI sMBfvnf!

          bIqy somvfr nMU kYnyzf dy kOmI aKLbfr glob aYNz myl ny Bfrq dy qihlkf mYgjLIn dy hvfly nfl iek KLbr pRkfsLq kIqI ijs muqfibk  pMjfb dy iek syvf mukq zI aYs pI hrmyl isMG cMdI ny dfavf kIqf hY ik bbr Kflsf dy dihsLqgrd aqy eyar ieMzIaf bMb kFz dy sfijsL GfVy vjoN jfxy jFdy qlivMdr isMG prmfr nMU 15 akqUbr 1992 nMU pMjfb puils ny “JUTy” puils mukfbly ivwc kql kr idwqf sI. Bfv puils vloN dwisaf igaf mukfblf kfgjLI mukfblf sI aqy qlivMdr nMU sKLq puwCigwC qoN bfad sInIar aPLsrF dI hdfieq `qy KLqm kr idwqf igaf sI.

          qlivMdr nMU PV ky mfiraf jfx df ieMksLfPL koeI nvIN KLbr nhIN hY ies iksm dy ieMksLfPL pihlF vI kIqy gey hn aqy iehnF ivwc vjLn vI ho skdf hY. qlivMdr ny mrn jF mfry jfx qoN aYn pihlF pMjfb puils nMU kI dwisaf ieh vI koeI nhIN gwl nhIN hY ies bfry vI pihlF keI ieMksLfPL kIqy jf cuwky hn. rportF muqfibk pMjfb puils dy rItfierz zI aYs pI cMdI ny pihlF 2002 ivwc afr[ sI[ aYm[ pI[ dI eyar ieMzIaf tfsk Pors qwk phuMc kIqI sI aqy Aus vloN idwqI geI jfxkfrI df milk aqy bfgVI dy trfiel mOky vI ijLkr hoieaf sI.

          bIqy jUn mhIny ivwc cMdI ny jsits jHfn myjr dy kimsLn qwk vI phuMc kIqI sI pr ieh afK ky pysL hoxy juvfb dy idwqf sI ik Aus dI jfn nMU KLqrf ho skdf hY aqy kimsLn vloN surwiKaf dI pwkI grMtI qoN ibnF Auh pysL nhIN ho skdf. iksy gvfh df nfm gupq rwiKaf jfxf vI kfPI Brosf nhIN sI aqy nf hI sMBv sI. jsits myjr df iKafl sI ik “nfm gupq” rwKx df vfadf isry lgfAux vI sMBv nhIN hY ikAuNik dysL dy “PrIam afPL ienPrmysLn aYkt” hyT koeI vI iDr ieh jfxkfrI dyr svyr hfsl kr lvygI.

          EhI cMdI jo jUn ivwc myjr kimsLn sfhmxy afpxI injI surwiKaf kfrn afpxf mUMh Kohly ibnF Bfrq prq igaf sI Aus ny hux julfeI dy aMq ivwc Bfrq dy iek msLhUr mYgjLIn sfhmxy sfrf kuJ Kohl ky rwK idwqf hY aqy Auh vI afpxf pUrf nfm dws ky. jLfhr hY ik pMjfb puils dy sfbkf aPLsr cMdI nMU hux sLfied afpxI surwiKaf df Enf iPLkr nhIN hY ijMnf mhInf ku pihlF sI. ies vfsqy Aus nMU surwiKaf df  hux koeI pwkf Brosf iml igaf hY, KLqrf hI tlL igaf hY jF Aus ny KLqrf muwl lYxf jLrUrI smiJaf hY ies bfry qF cMdI hI dws skdf hY. jUn ivwc knyzIan mIzIey ny ies gupq gvfh df nfm “imstrI ivtnYs” rwiKaf sI jo hux afpxI mrjLI nfl sfhmxy af igaf hY.

          ijvyN pihlF afiKaf hY ik qlivMdr nMU puils vloN kiQq qOr `qy “JUTy” mukfbly ivwc mfrnf aqy qlivMdr ny mrn qoN pihlF pMjfb puils kol kuJ “Byd” Kohlxf koeI nvIaF gwlF nhIN hn. jy nvF hY qF ies ivwc do nvyN nfvF df ijLkr kIqf igaf hY jo pihlF eyar ieMzIaf bMb kFz ivwc suxy nhIN sn gey. ieh nfm hn ieMtrnYsLnl iswK XUQ PzrysLn dy afgU  lKbIr isMG brfV df aqy dUjf iksy mnjIq isMG df ijs df goq vgYrf nhIN dwisaf igaf aqy ieh dovyN nfm qihlkf mYgjLIn dI rport muqfibk qlivMdr isMG ny kiQq qOr `qy puils nMU dwsy sn.                    rport muqfibk hrmyl isMG cMdI ny ieh dfavf vI kIqf hY ik Aus kol qlicvMdr dI qPLqIsL mOky kIqI geI rIkfrizMg vI mjUd hY ijs nMU qbfh kr dyx dy hukm AuWc aPLsrF ny idwqy sn pr Aus ny corIN ies dI kfpI rwK leI sI. jy ajyhI koeI rIkfrizMg mjUd hY qF ieh bhuq aihm sbUq hY agr ies dI qsdIk ho jfvy ik avfjL qlivMdr  prmfr dI hI hY. ieh vwKrI gwl hY ik jy ieh typrIkfrizMg swc vI hovy aqy ies ivwc avfjL vI qlivMdr dI hI hovy qd vI ajyhy lokF dI Gft nhIN hovygI jo ies gwl df shfrf lYxgy ik qlivMdr ny ajyhI stytmYNt puils dy kiQq qsLwdd kfrn idwqI hovygI.

          jo vI jfxkfrI sfhmxy afeI hY jf af rhI hY ies nMU pUrI aihmIaq idwqI jfxI cfhIdI hY qF ik ies bMb kFz dI sfijsL dI qih qwk phuMicaf jf sky. vYnkUvrsn aKLbfr dI iek rport muqfibk jsits myjr ny qihlkf mgjLIn ivwc “imstrI ivtnYs” dI rport pVH ky hYrfnI pRgt kIqI hY aqy nfl hI ikhf hY ik asIN kuJ vI njLraMdfjL nhIN krFgy aqy hr sUqr (sors) qoN imlx vflI jfxkfrI hfsl krFgy. jUn ivwc cMdI jsits myjr sfhmxy pysL nhIN sI hoieaf aqy kimsLn dy vkIlF nfl gwlbfq kr ky hI vfps Bfrq pqr igaf sI.

          kuJ vwKvfdI ies rport ivwc qlivMdr vloN kIqy gey ies ijLkr kfrn hI kwCF vjf rhy hn ik qlivMdr eyar ieMzIaf bMb kFz df “mftr-mfeINz” (sfijsLGfVf) nhIN sI sgoN kiQQ qOr `qy ies df sfijsLGfVf lKbIr isMG brfV sI. ies rport muqfibk qlivMdr ny dfavf kIqf sI ik lKbIr brfV Aus kol kuJ ihMsk kfrvfeI krn df ivcfr lY ky afieaf sI aqy qlivMdr ny brfV nMU kuJ idn bfad afAux vfsqy ikhf sI. cfr idn bfad brfV afpxy nfl ieMdrjIq isMG irafq nMU lY ky afieaf sI aqy qlivMdr ny kuJ zfienfmfeIt sitkF df pRbMD kIqf sI ijhnF nfl bYtrI lgf ky AuhnF zMkn dy jMgl ivwc ivsPot kIqf sI. rport muqfibk qlivMdr ny awgy afiKaf ik Aus smyN lKbIr aqy ieMdrjIq dy mn ivwc jhfjL qbfh krn df ivcfr sI pr Auh (qlivMdr) ies bfry bhuqf iqafr nhIN sI pr Auh zfienfmfeIt (bfrUd) df pRbMD krn vfsqy sihmq ho igaf sI. ieMdrjIq ies vfsqy trFijLstr ryzIE vrqxf cfhuMdf sI aqy Auh myry (qlivMdr) qoN bfrUd lY ky cly gey. ieh rport qihlkf ivwc pRkfsLq hox qoN bfad keI rUpF ivwc kYnyzf dy keI pRicaF ivwc pRkfsLq hoeI hY ijhnF ivwc glob aYNz myl, vYnkUvrsn, torFto stfr aqy nYsLnl post sLfml hn. iehnF pRicaF ny afpxIaF rportF ivwc ies `qy keIaF dI pRqIikRaf aqy hor ivsQfr vI Cfieaf kIqf hY.

          rport muqfibk lKbIr aqy ieMdrjIq ny afpxy iek hor sfQI ijs df nfm mnjIq isMG dwisaf igaf hY nfl eyar ieMzIaf jhfjL ivwc bMb rwKx dI skIm bxfeI sI. ijs vfsqy torFto-idwlI aqy toikE-bYNkOk-idwlI AuzfxF nMU insLfnf bxfieaf igaf sI. ieh swB kuJ kiQq qOr `qy qlivMdr dI jLubfn ivwc pfieaf igaf hY aqy ies muqfibk vYnkUvr qoN  tokIE rsqy idwlI vfsqy buikMg lKbIr isMG ny aqy vYnkUvr qoN torFto rsqy idwlI vflI Auzfx dI buikMg mnjIq isMG ny krvfeI sI. bMb vfly bYgF dI iqafrI ieMdrjIq irafq ny kIqI sI.

          ies sfrI rport ivwc nvF ivsQfr lKbIr isMG aqy mnjIq isMG dy nfvF df hI hY, bMbGfVf qlivMdr ny vI ieMdrjIq nMU hI dwisaf hY jo ik tokIE aqy kinsLkf bMb kFzF ivwc sjLf kwtx vflf ieko iek ivakqI hY. qlivMdr ny ieMdrjIq irafq dy sfijsL ivwc sLfml hox `qy mohr lgf idwqI hY aqy afpxy afp qoN sfijsLGfVy df ieljLfm lfh ky kiQq qOr `qy lKbIr isMG brfV isr mVH  idwqf hY aqy nfl mnjIq isMG nfm dy iksy ivakqI nMU joV idwqf hY.

          ies nvyN kiQq ieMksLfPL nfl vI kul imlf ky eyar ieMzIaf bMb kFz aqy nrIqf bMb kFz dI sUeI KfilsqfnI dihsLqgrdF `qy hI rhI hY. jo lok ies kFz dI ijMLmyvfrI Bfrq srkfr isr mVH ky surKrU hoxf cfhuMdy hn AuhnF sfhmxy vwzI cxOqI ieh hY ik AuhnF nMU BfrqI jsUs dI cox “afpixaF” ivcoN hI krnI pY rhI hY.

          kMnF nMU hwQ iswDf lgf ilaf jfvy jF lwqF dy hyT dI lgf ilaf jfvy gwl iewko hI hY. qlivMdr df ieh kiQq ibafn Aus nMU aqy Aus dy njLdIkIaF nMU ies GnOxy bMb kFz nfl joVdf hY ijs ivwc 331 byksUr lok mOq dy Gft Auqfr idwqy gey sn ijhnF ivwc bhuq BfrqI ipCokV dy knyzIan sLihrI sn. lKbIr isMG brfV AurPL rozy dy smrQkF ny dfavf kIqf hY ik lKbIr df ies nfl koeI sbMD nhIN sI. lKbIr brfV awjkwl pfiksqfn ivwc rih irhf dwisaf jFdf hY.

          sUqrF muqfibk ieh gwl vI bhuq mhwqvpUrn hY ik qlivMdr isMG prmfr nMU iksy Kfs sUh dy aDfr `qy Bfrq ivc PiVaf igaf sI. ieh sUh Aus dy iksy njLdIkI ny puils nMU idwqI sI aqy sUqrF muqfibk sbMDq sUhIaf kYnyzf ivwc sI aqy Aus nMU qlivMdr dIaF hrkqF aqy iTkfixaF df pUrf igafn sI.

          ies nvyN ieMksLfPL nfl hor nvyN Byd Kuwlx aqy nvIN sUh imlx dI sMBfvnf pYdf ho geI hY aqy kwCF vjfAux vfly idno idn hor ksUqy Ps rhy njLr af rhy hn.

-blrfj idEl

agsq 03, 2007


PjLUl vfvylf: goq dI vrqoN dy mfmly `c KMBF dIaF zfrF

          bIqy ivwc vfprIaF kuJ GtnfvF vwl Jfq mfrIey qF ies qrF lgdf hY ik kuJ lok afpxy inwjI muPfd Kfqr iswKI nMU bhuq nfjLuk   vsqU smJdy hn ijs nMU mfVy moty hujky nfl hI nuksfny jfx df zr rihMdf hY, aqy KLqry dI GMtI KVkfAux vfly swjx iswKI jF iswKI dI iejLwq bcfAux vfsqy ‘rfbnhuwz’ bx ky bhuVdy hn. koeI iksy iPLlm ivwc mfVf motf mjLfk kr lvy qF iswKI nMU Kqrf KV jFdf hY. sOdy vfly bfby dI mUrKqf df KVf kIqf igaf Kqrf ajy vI iswKI `qy mMzlf irhf hY aqy dysL ivdysL dy kwtVpMQI ies KLqry nMU tflx vfsqy afpxIaF jfnF qwlI `qy DrI iPrdy hn. iswKI dI svy-klipq iewjLq bcfAux vfsqy jy iehnF nMU pMjfb dI PjLf ivwc jLihr GolxI pey qF ieh ‘sLuB’ kfrj krn vfsqy vI kuJ lok pUrI qrF iqafr hn. koeI aMgryjLI prcf iksy iswK sMsQf jF ivakqI bfry koeI rport Cfp dyvy qd vI Jwt iswKI nMU KLqrf KV jFdf hY. ajy huxy hI sI[ bI[ sI[ dy rportr tYrI mlvskI dI rport nMU iswK ivroDI afK ky vfvylf KVf kIqf igaf hY pr rport ivwc pysL kIqy gey qwQF nMU JUTlfAux leI iksy ny kuJ vI pysL nhIN kIqf.

          dUjy pfsy jy koeI dihsLqgrd jMbo jYWt jhfjL bMb rwK ky 331 bykjsUr mfr dyvy qF iswKI nMU koeI KLqrf nhIN KVdf aqy jy bMb bxfAux ivwc mddgfr hoxf mMnx aqy sjLf pRfpq krn vflf aMimRqDfrI iswK hovy qd vI Aus df pwK vI pUiraf jFdf hY aqy ies bMb kFz nMU Bfrq srkfr dI kfrvfeI vI grdfinaF jFdf hY. ies iksm dy dUhry mfpdMz iswKI ivwc sLfied pihlF kdy hox, iehnF dI sLurUafq dihsLqgrdI dy dOr ivwc hI hoeI jfpdI hY. Auh smF vI sI jd pMjfb dy awj dy muwK mMqrI s: bfdl mfry gey dihsLqgrdF dy BogF `qy jf ky AuhnF nMU sLhId afiKaf krdy sn. s: bfdl, sMq loNgovfl nMU vI sLhId mMndy sn aqy AuhnF dy kfqlF nMU vI sLhId dwsdy huMdy sn. ieh kmfl golI dy zr df sI jo hux afpxI mOqy mr igaf jfpdf hY aqy iehI kfrn hY s: bfdl hux iek sLfsk dI jLubfn boldy hn aqy AuhnF dy kwtVpMQI ivroDI muwK mMqrI bfdl nMU iPr gdfr afKx lwg pey hn.

          ies hPLqy dy sLurUU ivwc sI[bI[sI[ ny ieh KLbr nsLr kIqI sI ik Bfrq siQq knyzIan sPLfrqKfnf vIjLf ibnYkfrF nMU afpxy goq Bfv lfstnym vrqx vfsqy afK irhf hY. ieh koeI nvIN nIqI nhIN sI aqy nf hI aYsI nIqI sI ijs nMU ivqkry vflI afiKaf jf sky. sPLfrqKfnf ibnYkfrF qoN koeI aYsI vsqU nhIN sI mMg irhf jo ibnYkfrF pfs hY hI nhIN sI sgoN AuhnF dy goq hI puwC irhf sI jo hr pirvfr kol hY aqy bhuqy pirvfr goqF nMU bhuq mfx nfl vrqdy vI hn. swc qF ieh vI hY ik iswKF ivwc irsLqf jF ivafh krn vkq aksr lVky aqy lVkI vfly iewk dUjy dy hI nhIN sgoN nfnikaF qwk dy goq puwCdy hn qF ik purfqn smyN qoN cldI af rhI rIq muqfibk iksy aYsy pirvfr dI lVkI jF lVky nfl irsLqf nf ho jfvy ijs nMU smfijk kdrF kImqF muqfibk ‘nf bxdf’ smiJaf jFdf hovy.

          sPfqrKfny ny qF ibnYkfrF nMU isMG aqy kOr dI jgfH afpxf goq, lfstnym vjoN vrqx vfsqy hI afiKaf sI aqy isMG jF kOr nMU ivckfrly nfm Bfv imzlnym vjoN vrqx qoN nhIN sI roikaf pr mfmlf ieh bxf ilaf igaf ik knyzIan aiDkfrI iswKF nMU isMG aqy kOr vrqxo rok rhy hn. sfry mfmly nMU glq rMgq dy ky BuVkx vfilaF ivwc sRLomxI kmytI dy pRDfn jQydfr avqfr isMG mwkV vI sLfml hn ijhnF dy afpxy nfm ivwc goq “mwkV” hr vfr KbrF ivwc sLfml huMdf hY. pRDfn bnx qoN bfad kuJ ku vfr lokF nMU “mwkV” nf vrqx bfry ikhf suixaF igaf sI pr ies dI vrqoN brfbr jfrI hY. svfl ieh vI pYdf huMdf  hY ik pRDfn bnx qoN pihlF jy “mwkV” dI vrqoN TIk sI qF hux ikvyN gLLlq ho geI? jy pRDfn bnx vfly ny hI afpxf goq vrqxo htxf hY qF iPr bfkI do ZfeI kroV iswK ikhVf sLRomxI kmytI dy pRDfn hn? AuhnF `qy goq vrqx `qy kI rok hY?

          torFto ivwc keI dysI mIzIafkfrF aqy dysI isafsqdfnF ny mOky dy lfB AuTf ky ies mfmly nMU hor qUl dy idwqI. keIaF ny lyK ilK mfry, keIaF ny ryzIE `qy lYkcr JfVy aqy iek Gonmon mIzIafkfr ryzIE `qy iswKI `qy hmly df hokf vI idMdf suixaF igaf. ieh ajyhf mIzIafkfr hY jo afpxf goq (lfstnym) hmysLf vrqdf hY aqy afpxf ivckfrlf nfm “isMG” bhuq hI Gwt  vrqdf hY.

          ieh dfavy vI kIqy gey suxy hn ik aMimRqDfrI iswK vfsqy afpxf goq vrqx dI mnfhI hY aqy aMimRqDfrI afpxf goq nhIN vrqdy. iPr inrf kUV, koeI hovygf iek awD jo nf vrqdf hovy nhIN qF afspfs iswKI dy afpUM sjLy rfiKaF dy nfm Xfd kr ky vyKo sfry hI goq vrqx vfly hn. gurdvfiraF dy aMimRDfrI pRbMDkF dy nfvF `qy inghf mfro sfry hI goqF vfly hn. jy koeI afpxf goq nhIN vrqdf qF afpxy ipMz df nfm afpxy nfm ipwCy lgfAuNdf hY jF afpxI kIqI hoeI lMbVdfrI, jLYldfrI, vkIlI jF srpMcI df tfeItl vrqdf hY.

          sfry dy sfry akflI afgU hI afpxy ipMzF dy nfm afpxy goq vFg vrqdy hn. bfdl, tOhVf, brnflf, quV qy hor aqy kFgrs ivwc kYroN, BwTl afid vI lfstnfm vFg hI vrqy jFdy hn BfvyN ieh goq nhIN hn. mfmlf ivakqI dI afpxI vwKrI pihcfx df hY aqy iemIgrysLn ivBfg vI hr inbnYkfr dI pihcfx vfsqy hI goq dI vrqoN dI mMg krdf hY pr nfl hI isMG aqy kOr nMU imzl nfm dy qOr `qy vrqx `qy koeI vI ieqrfjL nhIN krdf. bhq sfry iswK pRcfrk aqy lyKk afpxy nfvF nfl qKwls vrqdy hn. goq koeI acfnk asmfno nhIN Auqr afey ieh vwK vwK kfrnf krky vwK vwK kbIilaF dy pey nfm hI hn jo hux pusLq dr pusLq awgy cl rhy hn aqy ieh vrqfrf sfrI mnuwK jfqI ivwc hI hY. iksy Kfs afdq, iksy Kfs lwCx, iksy Kfs kbIlf srdfr dy nfm jF iksy Kfs ielfky ivwc vwsdy kbIly dy nfm nfl juVy sLbd sihjy sihjy smF pf ky goqF ivwc bdl gey.

          jLrf bydI, dubydI, qrbydI aqy cqrbydI goqF vwl vyKo jo iehnF kbIilaF dy bjLurgF dy byd dy igafn nfl juVy hoey hn. mfhr smJdy hn ik iek vyd df igafn rwKx vfly iksy bjLUrg df pirvfr smF pf ky bydI aqy do vydF df igafn rwKx vfly igafnvfn df pirvfr dubydI aKvfAux lwg ipaf. awj vI ipMzF ivwc iek igafnI dI izgrI kr lvy qF sfrf pirvfr igafnIaF df aKvgfAux lwg pYNdf hY. pirvfr qF kI ipMzF ivwc qF KUhF dy nfm vI qUqF vflf KUh, aMbF vflf KUh, kbrF vflf KUh afid pey huMdy hn.

          rhI gwl iswKF ivwc jfqF dy KLqm hox dI jF KLqm krn dI iewCf nfl joV ky goqF dI vrqoN nMU vyKx dI ieh inrf JUT hY. iswKF ivwc jfqF pUry jobn `qy hn jo goqF dI vrqoN rok ky jfqF df Kfqmf cfhuMdy hn AuhnF nMU cfhIdf hY ik Auh prYktIkl kdm cuwkx aqy afpxI DI BYx, afpxI mrjLI aqy KusLI nfl iksy aYsy iensfn dy lV lfAux df hOslf krn ijs nMU AuhnF df smfj jF dfierf “Cotf” jF “nIvF” smJdf hovy. goqF dI vrqoN rukx vflI vsqU nhIN hY aqy nf hI ies dI vrqoNN rokx nfl brfbrqf af jfxI hY.

          Bfrq ivwc pihcfx vfsqy hr iksy dy nfm nfl Aus dy bfp df nfm huMdf sI jo iewQy nhIN hY aqy goq hI bfp jF pirvfr dI QF lYNdf hY. iekwly kOr jF isMG lfstnym nfl bhuq sfry lokF dy nfm rlL jFdy hn aqy ies nfl bhuq sfry lokF nMU azYNittI dI musLkl df sfhmxf vI krnf pYNdf hY. iek gwl hor vI ivcfrn vflI hY ik jo pirvfr jF mrd afpxf lfstnym isMG vrqdy hn jd AuhnF df ivafh huMdf hY qF AuhnF dI pqnI df lfstnym afpxy afp hI isMG bx jFdf hY aqy jd Gr lVkI pYdf hovy qF Aus df lfstnym vI isMG bx jFdf hY. iswtf ieh inkldf hY “kOr” dI vrqoN df imzlnym vjoN Kfqmf ho jfx nfl, Audfhrx dy qOr `qy aOrq amrjIq kOr isMG bnx qoN bfad amrjIq isMG bx ky rih jFdI hY. iPr nf ieh pqf lgdf hY ik ies nfm vflf iensfn mrd hY jF aOrq! ies ibnF isr pYr vfvyly df kfrn dUhry mfpdMz vI hn. Auh lok jo afp afpxy goq vrqdy hn Auh vI ies bihs ivwc Aultf stYNz lY ky afpxy DrmI hox df pRgtfvf krnf cfhuMdf hn. ieh gwl afKxI vI ZukvIN hovygI ik kql dy dosL ivwc kYd kwt cuwkf kwtVpMQI jQydfr rxjIq isMG vI Aus vkq ksUqf Ps igaf sI jd Aus ny muhflI ivwc KrIdy iek plft dI rijstrI ivwc afpxI dfhVI bMnI vflI qsvIr dy nfl nfl afpxf nfm goq smyq rxjIq isMG GtOVf vriqaf sI.                                             -blrfj idEl

julfeI 27, 2007


qyl df ‘kfhl Biraf’ bdl grIbF df Gfx kr skdf hY!

          ‘grIn hfAUs’ gYsF dI dunIaF ivwc bhuq crcf hY aqy vfqfvrx pRymI ies nMU KUb AuBfr rhy hn. keI vfr qF ieMJ jfpdf hY ik jy iehnF vfqfvrx pRymIaF dI gwl nf suxI geI qF dunIaF swcmuwc jldI hI qbfh ho jfvygI. hYrfnI dI gwl ieh hY ik bhuq sfry vfqfvrx pRymIaF smyq keI afm lok vI kiQq ‘grIn hfAus’ gYsF nMU pRdUsLx hI smJdy hn. iehI kfrn hY ik ieh lok ikEto sMDI nMU vfqfvrx bcfAU sMDI smJdy hn nf ik kiQq “grIn hfAUs” gYsF GtfAU sMDI, jo ik ies nMU smiJaf jfxf cfhIdf hY.

          ieh iek bhuq pcIdf mfmlf hY pr ies ivwc Prk smJx vfsqy eynf hI kfPLI hY ik ikEto isrPL hvf ivwc ‘grIn hfAUs’ gYsF dI imkdfr Gwt krnf locdI hY nf ieh pfxI dy pRdUsLx dI gwl krdI hY aqy nf ieh DrqI jF kih lE imtI ivwc PYlfey jf rhy pRdUsLx dI hI gwl krdI hY. ikEto sMDI ijhnF gYsF nMU ‘grIn hfAUs’ gYsF dwsdI hY AuhnF ivwc bhuqf ihwsf ‘kfrbnzfeIaksfeIz’ gYs df hY. asIN jd sfh lYNdy hF qF sfzy mUMh ivcoN inklI hvf ivwc ‘kfrbnzfeIaksfeIz’ huMdI hY. inrsMdyh ‘kfrbnzfeIaksfeIz’ pRdUsLx nhIN hY, jy mMn leIey qF iPr sfh lYxf vI pRdUsLx PYlfAux vflI gwl hY. swc qF ieh hY ik ‘kfrbnzfeIaksfeIz’ gYs kudrq dy ‘lfeIP’ ckr df iek aihm aMg hY. mnuwK, pCU, pMCI qy jfnvr ijhnF dy srIr ivwc KUn nfm dI vsqU hY Auh sfh rfhIN hvf aMdr lY jFdy hn aqy ies ivcoN afksIjn vrq lYNdy hn aqy kfrbnzfeIaksfeIz bfhr suwt idMdy hn. ies dy Elt drKq aqy hor bnspqI hvf ivcoN kfrbnzfeIaksfeIz vrq lYNdy hn aqy afksIjn bfhr sut idMdy hn. ies nfl kudrq df ieh cwkr inrMqr cldf rihMdf hY.

          icMqf vflI gwl ieh hY ik ‘kfrbnzfeIaksfeIz’ pYdf krn vfly hux iekwly mnuwK aqy jIv hI nhIN hn sgoN mnuwK nMU suwK dyx vfly vfhn, motrF, gwzIaf, hvfeI jhfjL aqy kfrKfny vI ikAuNik AUrjf nfl cwldy hn ies leI hvf ivcoN afksIjn vrq ky ies nMU ‘kfrbnzfeIaksfeIz’ ivwc bdl rhy hn jd ik dUjy pfsy ies gYs nMU afksIjn ivwc bdlx vfly drKq aqyy bnspqI  GtdI jf rhI hY. ies leI ieh gwl dfhvy nfl afKI jf skdI hY ik afksIjn aqy kfrbnzfeIakfeIz df asMquln icMqf df ivsLf hY nf ik ‘kfrbnzfeIaksfeIz’ dI hoNd. ies leI ‘kfrbnzfeIaksfeIz’ nMU pRdUsLx mMn lYxf shI nhIN hY. mnuwKI afrfmpRsqI dIaF vsUaF df Auqpfdn aqy Kpq Gwt krky aqy DrqI `qy bnspqI aqy jMglF leI rfKvyN ielfky rwKx nfl ies asMquln nMU roikaf jf skdf hY.

          ikEto ‘kfrbnzfeIaksfeIz’ nMU grIn hfAUs gYs ies leI mMndI hY ikAuNik kuJ ivigafnIaF df qrk hY ik ‘kfrbnzfeIaksfeIz’ df axU sUrj dI rOsLnI nMU jjLb krn dI smrQf rwKdf hY ijs nfl ‘kfrbnzfeIaksfeIz’ dI imkdfr ivwc vfDy nfl hvf ivwc qfpmn vDx df KdsLf hY. ‘kfrbnzfeIaksfeIz’ ikAuNik ieMzstrI aqy vfhnF dy DUMeyN dI Aupj df iek ihwsf hY ies leI ijwQy blx ikiraf nfl ‘kfrbnzfeIaksfeIz’ pYdf huMdI hY AuWQy nfl hI kfrbn Bfv kflK vI pYdf huMdI hY. kflK jF kfrbn pRdUsLx hY aqy ies dI hvf ivwc bhuqfq bImfrIaF df kfrn bxdI hY. DUMeyN nfl pYdf huMdI kfrbn ivwc iswkf, pfrf aqy ies qrFH dy hor Kqrnfk qwq vI ho skdy hn aqy iehnF dI hoNd ies gwl `qy inrBr krdI hY ik bflx jF qyl iks iksm df hY.

          qyl AuWqy inrBrqf GtfAux vfsqy srkfrF ies df bdl Bfl rhIaF hn. aYtmI qfkq, jl-ibjlI, ivMz-trbfeInF aqy sUrjI qfkq dI vrqoN vDfAux dy nfl nfl iek bdl “aYQfnOl” aqy “bfieE-zIjLl” lwiBaf igaf hY. “bfieE-zIjLl” aqy “aYQfnOl” iek iksm dI alkohl hY ijs nMU bnspqI qoN pYdf kIqf jFdf hY aqy iPr motr gwzIaF ivwc ptrol jF zIjLl nfl rlf ky vriqaf jFdf hY.  iehnF dovF dI pYdfvr vfsqy ikAuNik bnspqI dI vrqoN kIqI jFdI hY ies leI bnspqI dI Kpq vD rhI hY. amrIkf ivwc mwkI aqy kxk nMU “aYQfnOl” bxfAux vfsqy vwzI pwDr `qy vriqaf jfx lwg ipaf hY ijs kfrn kxk aqy mwkI dIaF kImqF hI nhIN vD rhIaF sgoN hor Kfd pdfrQ vI mihMgy ho rhy hn. dfxf isrPL mnuwKF dI hI Kurfk nhIN hY sgoN ieh pflqU jfnvrF dI vI Kurfk hY ijhnF qoN mnuwK duwD, aFzy aqy mIt pRfpq krdf hY. ies leI hr iksm dy “PUz” dIaF kImqF ivwc dunIaF Br ivwc vfDf ho irhf hY. Kfd pdfrQF dIaF kImqF ivwc vfDy df kfrn mnuwKI abfdI ivwc vfDf aqy Auqpfdn ivwc kmI hoieaf kfrdf sI pr hux motr-kfrF dI igxqI ivwc vfDf vI Kfd pdfrQF dIaF kImqF ivwc vfDy df kfrn bx igaf hY.

          styitks kYnyzf (aMkVF ivBfg) muqfibk kYnyzf ivwc bIqy iek sfl ivwc Kfd pdfrQF dIaF kImqF ivwc 3[1% df vfDf hoieaf hY jd ik ies qoN ipCly sfl ieh vfDf 2[4% sI. ajyhf hI vfDf amrIkf, XUrp, eysLIaf aqy aPrIkf ivwc vI hoieaf hY. kfrF aqy hvfeI jhfjFL dy rUp ivwc iek ivakqI df arfm iksy dUjy grIb dI rotI Kohx df kfrn bxdf jf irhf hY.

          qyl dy suMgVdy jf rhy BMzfr aqy vD irhf pRdUsLx mnuwKqf nMU qyl df jldI bdl lwBx vfsqy pRyr rhy hn. pr dUrdrsLqf qoN ibnF ‘kfhl-Biraf’ bdl dunIaF Br dy grIbF dI hor durdsLf aqy BuwKmrI df kfrn bx skdf hY.

-blrfj idEl

julfeI 19, 2007


dihsLqvfd nMU nwQx leI ‘lfl msijd’ qoN awgy vDx dI loV!

          pfiksqfn dy POjI sLfsk jnrl pRvyjL musLwrPL nMU afKr ivwc Auh krnf ipaf hY ijs df Auh kdy ikafs vI nhIN sI kr skdf. swqf `qy kfbjL rihx vfsqy pfiksqfn dy sLfsk aksr Bfrq dy aMny ivroD aqy Dfrimk kwtVqf df shfrf lYNdy rhy hn. afpxy afp nMU inrol ieslfimk grdfn ky Auh aksr lokF dy awKIN Gwtf pfAuNdy rhy hn. ksLmIrIaF nMU Bfrq dy  iKlfPL AuksfAux vfsqy vI ieslfimk kwtVvfd AuhnF df muwK hiQafr irhf hY. ies df iswtf ieh inkilaf hY ik bIqy iqMn ku dhfikaF ivwc pfiksqfn dy aMdr mulfnfvfd kOVI vyl vFg viDaf hY.

          AuNJ qF pfiksqfn dI nINh hI musilm Drm dy aDfr `qy rwKI geI sI pr iPr vI sLurU ivwc Drimk kwtVvfd eynf BfrU nhIN sI irhf.  kwtVfvfd dy BfrU hox dy aml dI sLurUafq 28 ku sfl pihlF 1979 ivwc rUs dy aPgfinsqfn `qy kbjLy nfl sLurU hoeI sI. ies smyN amrIkf, hor pwCmI dysLF dI mdd nfl rUs iKlfPL TMzI jMg lV irhf sI aqy rUsI kbjLy hyTlf aPLgfinsqfn ies df muwK aKfVf bxf ilaf igaf sI. sfAUdI arb vrgy kwtV ieslfimk dysL nMU amrIkf afpxI kmfn hyT rUs nfl gurIlf XuwD lVn vfsqy pfiksqfn lY ky afieaf sI. Esfmf ibn lfidn aqy al-kfiedf AuhnF idnF dI hI pdfiesL hY.

          pfiksfqn ny ies sunihrI mOky df BrpUr lfhf lYNidaF ieslfimk kwtVvfdIaF df mUMh BfrqI ksLmIr vwl kr idwqf sI ijs nfl ksLmIr ivwc dihsLqgrd lihr suLrU ho geI sI jo awj qwk jfrI hY. ksLmIr dy nfl nfl pfiksqfn ny hiQafrF, pYisaF aqy qoVPoV dIaF kfrvfeIaF dI KwulI tRyinMg dy ky BfrqI pMjfb aMdr vI dihsLqgrdI PYlfeI sI jo hjLfrF jfnF df KOh aqy BfrqI pMjfb dI KusLhflI luwtx df kfrn bxI sI.

          pfiksqfn ivwc QF QF Kuwly mdrwsy (Dfrimk skUl) kwtVvfd df bIqy iqMn ku dhfikaF qoN DUMaF Dfr pRcfr aqy pRsfr kr rhy hn. ieh swB kuJ amrIkf dIaF awKF sfhmxy hI nhIN sI huMdf irhf sgoN ies vfsqy amrIkf df DMn aqy amrIkf dy idwqy hiQafr vI sLryafm vrqy jFdy rhy sn. pr amrIkf ivwc 9/11 hmilaF ny ieh swB kuJ bdl ky rwK idwqf sI. horF dy Gr ivwc bsMqr idsdI awg df syk hux amrIkf qwk awpV igaf sI aqy amrIkf nMU kwl qwk ivKfeI idMdIaF “afjLfdI lihrF” acfnk hI dihsLqgrd lihrF idsx lwg peIaF sn.

          amrIkf ny pfiksqfn dy kMn qF burI qrF mroVy sn aqy 2001 qoN hux qwk dihsLqgrdF dy iKlfPL lVfeI ivwc pfiksqfn nMU awzy vjoN vI vriqaf hY pr pfik smfj aMdr Gr kr cuwikaf kwtVvfd ajy qwk Tilaf nhIN jf sikaf. pfiksqfnI sLfsk amrIkf nfl vI hwQ imlfeI bYTy hn aqy afpxy kwtVvfdI “dosqF” nfl do hwQ krno vI kMnI kqrf rhy hn.

          lfl msijd `qy kwtVpMQIaf df kbjLf qF bhuq dyr qoN hY sI aqy mdrwsy vI icrF qoN cl rhy sn pr aMdro aMdr BfrU ho irhf ieslfimk kwtVvfd afKr srkfr iswDy tkrfE df kfrn bx igaf sI. kwtVpMQI bIqy 6 ku mhIinaF qoN lfl msijd nMU afpxIaF dihsLqvfdI kfrvfeIaF dy awzy vjoN vrq rhy sn. ieh vwKrI gwl hY ik Auh ies nMU afpxIaF “ieslfimk” krvfeIaF dwsdy sn ijhf ik hr Drm dy kwtVpMQI hI krdy hn.

          sLrIaf lfgU krn vfsqy sLihrIaF, pulsIaF aqy srkfrI aPLsrF nMU ikznYp kr ky lfl msijd ivwc ilaFdf jFdf sI. lfl msijd dI pUrI qrF iklfbMdI kr leI geI sI aqy hiQafrF dy jLKIry jmF kr ley gey sn. ieslfmfbfd dI qfkq dI sIt dy njLdIk hox kfrn lfl msijd jnrl musLrwPL leI cxOqI bx geI sI. sLihr dy sLihrI vI lfl msijd aMdroN huMdIaF kfrvfeIaF qoN KOPLjLdf sn aqy pfiksqfnI mIzIaf vI suwK nfl ies swB kuJ df Kfqmf cfhuMdf sI. ies mOky df lfB AuTFAuNidaF jnrl musLwrPL ny afKr sKLq POjI kfrvfeI kridaF  lfl msijd nMU dihsLqgrdF qoN ajLfd krvf ilaf hY pr pfiksqfn ivwc dihsLqgrd qfxfbfxf ajy vI pUrI qrF brkrfr hY. pfiksqfn ivwc hjLfrF mdrwsy ajy vI nOjvfn bwicaF nMu ieslfimk kwtVvfd dI isiKaf dy rhy hn aqy mOlfxy dysL dy jnjIvn `qy BfrU bxy bYTy hn. awl-kfiedf aqy qfilbfnF dy ajy vI pfiksqfn ivwc awzy hn ijwQoN Auh aPgfinsqfn ivruD jMg jfrI rwK rhy hn. Esfmf ibn lfidn ajy vI pfiksqfn ivwc sLrn leI bYTf smiJaf jFdf hY aqy crcf ieh vI hY ik ik pfik KuPIaf eyjMsI afeI[ aYs[ afeI[ Aus nMU surwiKaf pRdfn kr rhI hY. ksLmIrI dihsLqgrd aqy hor Bfrq ivroDI sMgTn vI ajy pfiksqfn ivwc awzy jmfeI bYTy hn.

          lfl msijd ivcoN PVy gey BfrI hiQafr ies gwl df sbUq hn ik ieslfimk dihsLqgrd pUrI qrF tRyNz aqy hiQafrF nfl lYs hn.  iek afs dI ikrn ieh hY ik bhuqy pfiksqfnI lokF ny lfl msijd `qy POjI kfrveI df Bfvuk pwDr `qy ivroD nhIN kIqf. lfl msijd kfrvfeI pfiksqfn dI dijhsLvfd iKLlfPL jMg dI asl sLurUafq smJI jfxI cfhIdI. pfiksqfn aMrrfsLtrI dihsLvfd df pwkf awzf bixaF hoieaf hY aqy dihsLqvfd nMU nwQx vfsqy “lfl msijd” qoN awgy vDx dI loV hY.

-blrfj idEl


“dihsLqgrd-zfktr”

Dfrimk BfvnfvF df qflbIkrn ajoky smfj leI KLqrnfk

          ies hPLqy brqfnIaF ivwc swqf qbdIlI dy nfl hI dihsLqgrd hmlf hoieaf hY. jfpdf hY ik ieslfimk dihsLqgrd ies KOPLnfk ZMg nfl  brqfbnIaF dy nvyN pRDfn mMqrI nMU afpxI hoNd drsfAuxf cfhuMdy sn. pihlF lMdn ivwc bfrUd nfl BrIaF kfrF nfl hmlf kIqf igaf jo Dmfkf nf hox kfrn KflI hI igaf. surwiKaf eyjMdsIaF muqfibk jy Dmfkf ho jFdf qF ivsPotk smwgrI eynI sI ik njLdIk siQq nfeIt klwb ivwc BIV hox kfrn bhuq jfnI nuksfn ho jfxf sI. ies hmly vfsqy do mihMgIaF mrsIzIjL kfrF vrqIaF geIaF sn ijhnF ivwc vDU ptrol dy nfl gYs slMzr aqy myKF BrIaF hoeIaF sn qF ik Dmfky nfl vwD qoN vwD jfnI nuksfn ho sky.

          surwiKaf eyjMsIaF ajy ies Gtnf dIaF pYVF hI nwp rhIaF sn ik sLnIcrvfr duiphr nMU glfsgo dy eyar poort dI muwK iemrq dI kMD nfl iek sVdI hoeI crokI vYn tkfreI ijs nfl iemfrq dy kuJ ihwsy nMU awg lwg geI. ies nfl eyarport dy aMdr hPrfqPLrI mc geI aqy eyar port df sfrf aprysLn Twp kr idwqf igaf. ies dy nfl hI dunIaF Br dy eyarportF `qy sqrkqf vDf idwqI geI ijs kfrn hvfeI Auzfxf burI pRBfvq hoeIaF.

          hYrfnI dI gwl ieh hY ik glfsgo eyar port `qy hoey ies hmly ivwc sLfml bhuqy sLwkI dihsLqgrd ikwqy vjoN zfktr sn. pqf lwgf hY ik PVy gey 8 sLwkIaF ivwcoN 7 zfktr sn aqy awTvF vI ishq syvfvF nfl hI sbMDq sI aqy ieh sfry brqfnIaF dy ishq ivBfg “nYsLnl hYlQ sriuvsjL” nfl kMm krdy sn. sfry hI nOjvfn Aumr dy sn aqy iehnF ivcoN iqMn zfktr BfrqI muslmfn dwsy gey hn ijhnF df sbMD bMglOr nfl sI aqy ieh iqMno hI iek pirvfr nfl sbMDq sn. ieh sfry glfsgo eyarport dy njLdIk hI rihMdy sn. hmly ivwc vrqI geI crokI vYn dI pYsMjr sIt `qy bYTf zfktr blfl abduwlf ierfkI sI aqy Auh hux rfiel alYgjLYNzrIaf hspqfl ivwc jyry ielfj hY. ies hmly ivwc Auh awg ivwc burI qrF Juls igaf sI aqy Aus dy bcx dI AumId nhIN hY.

          ies crokI vYn df zrfeivr 27 sflf BfrqI zfktr kfPIl aihmd dwisaf igaf hY aqy dUjy do BfrqIaF ivcoN iek, 26 sflf zfktr sbIl aihmd hY jo ik kfPIl aihmd df Brf hY. iehnF ny afpxI zfktrI ividaf bMglOr dI rfjIv gFDI XUnIvrstI ivwcoN prfpq kIqI hoeI hY. ies Gtnf nfl iek qF pihlI vfr zfktr, dihsLqgrd kfrvfeIaF ivwc sfhmxy afey hn aqy dUjf ies ivwc iksy BfrqI muslmn ny dysL qoN bfhr dihsLgrd kfrvfeI ivwc ihwsf ilaf hY. ies nfl BfrqI srkfr vI ksUqI Ps geI hY jo awj qwk pfiksqfn nMU hI dihsLgrd kfrvfeIaF df awzf dwsdI rhI hY aqy dUjy pfsy BfrqI muslmfnF nMU vot bYNk smJdI rhI hY. Bfrq srkfr nMU ieh aihsfs ho jfxf cfhIdf hY ik ieslfimk dihsLqvfd hux Bfrq ivwc pnpxf sLurU ho igaf hY aqy ieh ivdysLF nMU aksport vI hox lwg ipaf hY. Bfrq dy musilm BfeIcfry vfsqy vI ieh jfgx df vkq hY ikAuNik ies nfl  BfrqI musilm BfeIcfry df aks Krfb ho jfvygf.

          zfktr ajyhy ikwqy df nfm hY jo bImfr aqy mr rhy lokF nMU jIvn dfn dyx vfsqy hr hIlf vrqdy hn. bImfr vfsqy zfktr hI Kudf df rUp huMdy hn aqy Auh afpxf ikqf iksy nMU nuksfn nf phuMcfx dI sLpq lY ky hI sLurU krdy hn. jy ijMdgI bcfAux vfly hI ijMdgIaF lYx qur pYx qF iPr ies ajoky mnuwKI smfj df kI bxygf? brqfnIaF ivwc ieh dihsLgrd kfrvfeI “XU ky zfktr plOt” dy nfm nfl jfixaF jfx lwg peI hY. ies nfl hux zfktr vI sLwk dI inghf nfl vyKy jfx lwg pey hn. Kfs kr ivdysLF dy jMmpl zfktr jF AuhnF BfeIcfiraF jF Gwt igxqIaF nfl sbMDq zfktr jo iksy nf iksy rUp ivwc dihsLqgrd kfrvfeIaF jF kwtVvfd nfl juVy hoey hn.

          brqfnIaF ny ivdysLI tryNz zfktrF aqy hor aihm ikwqfkfrF dI skrIinMg sKLq krn df aYlfn kIqf hY ijhnF ivwc ieMjnIar vgYrf sLfml hn jo sMvydnfsLIl ieMzstrI ivwc kMm krdy hn. grIb dysLF dy zfktr aqy pRoPYsLnl pihlF hI pwCmI dysLF ivwc ruldy iPrdy hn aqy keI keI sfl mihnq krn qoN bfad musLkl nfl afpxI bxdI Xogqf muqfibk nOkrIaF nsIb krdy hn pr ies nfl AuhnF dIaF musLklF hor vD jfxgIaF. brqfnIaF vflI sKLqI sihjy sihjy hor pwCmI dysLF ivwc vI inXm bx jfvygI aqy jy ies qrF df koeI hor mMdBfgf kfrf ho jFdf hY qF kMm hor vI sKLq ho skdf hY.

          ies Gtnf qoN sfbq ho igaf hY ik Dfrimk BvfnfvF df qflbIkrn ikMnf Gfqk ho skdf hY. kwtVqf df pfT pVH ky cMgy pVHy ilKy lok afpxy ikwiqaF dI sLpq qoV ky jy kfql bnx vwl,  mfx nfl vD skdy hn qF Dfrimk kwtVvfd df isLkfr ho ky hI vD skdy hn. dunIaF Br ivwc Drm dy nfm `qy clfey jFdy bhuq sfry skUlF ivwc bwicaF nMU ijs ZMg nfl Drm ivwc sMnkI hwd qwk prpwk hox dI isiKaf idwqI jFdI hY Auh ajoky sMsfr leI KLqry dI GMtI hY. globl ivlyj smiJaf jFdf awj df sMsfr nrm hwdF aqy qyjL qrfr afvfjfeI aqy sMcfr dy sfDnf nfl lYs hY ies ivwc koeI dysL “tfpU” vFG alwg-Qlwg rih ky gujLfrf nhIN kr skdf.

          ies globl ivlyj dI surwiKaf aqy sLFqI vfsqy globl soc aqy globl phuMc dI loV hY ijs leI sLFqIpUrn sihhoNd, sdBfvnf, sihxsLIlqf aqy prspr sFJ qoN ibnF gujLfrf nhIN ho skdf.

-blrfj idEl

 

 

EntyrIE dy lokF nMU ‘tuMbx’ df mOkf sMBfl nhIN sky kMsrvtv

          kuJ ihckcfht qoN bfad sYint ny GwtigxqI hfrpr srkfr df bjt ibwl ibnF iksy qrmIm dy pfs kr idwqf hY aqy hfAUs afPL kfmnjL pihlF hI ies ibwl nMU pfs kr cuwkf hY. ilbrl bhuqmwq vflI sYint ny bjt ibwl nMU ibnF dyrI aqy ibnF qrmIm dy pfs krn bdly hfrpr srkfr qoN ‘ikEto ibl’ dy ivroD df iqafg mMigaf, jo srkfr ny dy idwqf. ies qrF iek pfsy hfrpr srkfr df bjt ibwl pfs ho igaf aqy dUjy pfsy srkfr nMU ikEto akfrz `qy aml krn leI mjbUr krn vflf pRfeIvyt mYNbrjL ibl sI-288 vI pfs ho igaf hY.

          hfrpr srkfr ny ies bjt ivwc sUibaF nMU trFsPr pymYNts vfsqy nvF “eIkulfeIjysLn PfrmUlf” vI pfs krvfieaf hY ijs df iqMn sUby novf skosLIaf, inAU PfAUnzlYNz aqy sskfcuien sKLq ivroD krdy hn.  ies nvyN ‘eIkulfeIjysLn PfrmUly’ hyT PYzrl srkfr ny sUibaF nMU trFsPr kIqy jfx vfly DMn df pYmfnf bdilaf hY aqy sUibaF nMU vDyry  mflI mdd dyx df pRbMD kIqf hY. iehnF iqMn sUibaF nMU Cwz ky bfkI sUibaF nMU ieh PfrmUlf mnjLUr hY. novf skosLIaf aqy inAU PfAUnzlYNz ies nvyN PfrmUly df ies leI ivroD kr rhy hn ikAuNik Auh pRDfn mMqrI pfl mfritn nfl 2 ku sfl pihlF shIbMd kIqI geI “atlFitk akfrz” nMU vI kfiem rwKxf cfhuMdy hn aqy PYzrl srkfr qoN nvyN PfrmUly hyT vDyry mflI mdd vI hfsl krnf cfhuMdy hn. Bfv ieh hY ik ieh iqMno sUby copVIaF vI mMgdy hn aqy mMgdy vI do do hn.

          iehnF sUibaF aqy iehnF dy ilbrl smrQkF ny hfrpr srkfr `qy vfadf qoVU, atlFitk akfrz qoVU afid dy dosL lgfey hn. sskfcivn ny qF PYzrl srkfr dy iKlfPL adflq df drvfjLf KVkfAux dI DmkI vI idwqI hY. hfrpr srkfr ny spsLt afiKaf hY ik Auh “atlFitk akfrz” qoN munkr nhIN ho rhI pr PYzrl mflI trFsPLr dy mfmly ivwc novf skosLIaf aqy inAU PfAUnzlYNz nMU, nvF PfrmUlf jF “atlFitk akfrz” afpxI iewCf muqfibk cunx dI gwl afKdy hn. Bfv ieh sUby PYzrl PMzF dy mfmly ivwc dovyN hwQIN lwzU nhIN lY skdy.

          PYzrl srkfr jd vwK vwK sroqF qoN hfsl kIqI geI DMnrfsLI sUibaF nMU trFsPLr krdI hY qF “eIkulfeIjysLn PfrmUly” hyT ies gwl df iKafl rwiKaf jFdf hY ik grIb sUibaF nMU pRqI ivakqI vwD mflI mdd idwqI jfvy qF ik dysL ivwc brfbrqf ilafAux vwl viDaf jf sky. dysL dy EntyrIE, albrtf aqy bI[ sI[ vrgy sUby horF nfloN vwD amIr hn aqy novf skosLIaf, inAU PfAuNzlYNz aqy inAU brnjLibk vrgy sUby Gwt  ivksq aqy grIb igxy jFdy hn. aMgryjLI ivwc iehnF nMU “hYv” aqy “hYv-nft” sUby vI afiKaf jFdf hY. Bfv ijhnF kol kuJ hY aqy ijhnF kol kuJ Gwt hY.

          ies qrF ies PfrmUly hyT jy EntyrIE ivcoN PYzrl srkfr  “hYv-nft” sUibaF nfloN pRqI ivakqI dugxf tYks (hr iksm df iswDf aiswDf kul tYks) vI vsUl krdI hY qF vI “eIkulfeIjysLn PfrmUly” hyT vfps sUibaF nMU mflI mdd trFsPr krn mOky EntyrIE nMU pRqI ivakqI  “hYv-nft” sUibaF nfloN  Gwt DMnrfsLI trFsPLr kIqI jf skdI hY.

          iswDI gwl ieh hY ik ies nfl PYzrl srkfr amIr sUby dy lokF dIaF jybF ivcoN kuJ DMn kwwZ ky grIb sUby dy sLihrIaF nMU dy idMdI hY. hm-vqnF ivwc ieh koeI anoKI gwl nhIN hY ieh kuJ hr dysL ivwc huMdf yhY aqy jfiejL hwd ivwc rih ky hoxf vI cfhIdf hY. jy anoKI gwl hY qF ‘copVIaF aqy do do’ mMgx dI hY. smuMdr iknfry vfly sUibaF kol “atlFitk akfrz” hyT afPL-sLoar KudfeI duafrf kwZy jf rhy qyl dI vDyry afmdn afpxy kol rwKx df hwk hY aqy ieh hwk idwqf ies leI igaf sI ikAuNik Auh “hYv-nft” sUby hn. aqy nvyN “eIkulfeIjysLn PfrmUly” hyT vI “hYv-nft” sUibaf nMU pihlF nfloN vDyry DMnrfsLI trFsPr kIqy jfx df pRbMD hY.

          hfrpr srkfr ny TIk hI afiKaf hY ik ieh sUby dovF ivcoN iek ijhVf mrjLI qrIkf apxf lYx, PYzrl srkfr nMU mnjLUr hY pr dovyN ieko smyN nhIN apxf skdy. EntyrIE dy pRImIar sRI zfltn mgYNtI ny hfrpr srkfr dI ies vfsqy BrpUr srfhnf kridaF ikhf hY ik hfrpr df stYNz isDFq `qy aDfirq hY. AuhnF ieh afs vI pRgt kIqI hY ik sRI hfrpr ies isDFq `qy kfiem rihxgy aqy jy nf rhy qF EntyrIE ies df zwt ky ivroD krygf. mIzIey ny iqMn sUibaF vloN hfrpr srkfr dy ho rhy ivroD nMU qF bhuq AuBfiraf hY pr nf qF sRI hfrpr dy isDFqk stYNz nMU lookF sfhmxy rwiKaf hY aqy nf hI sRI mgYNtI dy ies bfry ivcfrF nMU bxdI jgfH idwqI hY. atlFitk iKwqy dy sUibaF dy lokF dI afmdn qyl BMzfrF qoN hox vflI afmdn kfrn vD rhI hY aqy nyV BivK ivwc EntyrIE dy lokF dI aOsqn afmdn nMU pfr kr skdI hY. jy aqy jdoN ieh ho jFdf hY qF iPr AuhnF nMU “hYv-nft” Bfv grIb sUby ikvyN mMinaF jf skdf hY? ajyhI hflq ivwc EntyrIE, bI[ sI[ jF albrtf dy lokF dy tYksF dI afmdn df vwD ihwsf AuhnF sUibaF nMU nhIN jfxf cfhIdf. aqy jd qwk Auh sUby grIb hn, jfxf cfhIdf hY. hfrpr srkfr dI ieh isDFqk phuMc hY ijs nfl EntyrIE dy pRImIar sRI mgYNtI vI sihmq hn aqy jy afm lokF nMU smJ af jfvy qF Auh vI sihmq ho jfxgy.

          hYrfnI ies gwl dI hY ik sRI stIvn hfrpr dI srkfr aqy AuhnF dI pfrtI ies sfry mfmly nMU EntyrIE dy lokF sfhmxy spsLt rUp ivwc rwKx ivwc asPLl rhy hn. swc qF ieh hY ik AuhnF ies nMU EntyrIE dy lokF sfhmxy spsLt rUp ivwc rwKx dI koisLsL hI nhIN kIqI. hfrpr srkfr ny iqMn rusy sUibaF nMU vrfAux `qy bhuqf smF lgf idwqf hY aqy AuhnF iqMnF ny dysL Br ivwc hfrpr srkfr nMU BMzx `qy pUrf jLor lgfieaf hoieaf hY. jy hfrpr srkfr EntyrIE dy lokF nMU ieh GuMzI smJfAux df Xqn krdI qF inrsMdyh lokF ny ies mfmly `qy srkfr dI phuMc dI pRImIar sRI mgYNtI vFg pRsLMsf hI krnI sI.

          Gwt igxqI hfrpr srkfr kdy vI izwg skdI hY aqy coxF kdy vI dsqk dy skdIaF hn. EntyrIE bhuq mhwqvpUrn sUbf hY aqy aglI PYzrl srkfr, mnfrtI jF mjfrtI df PYslf EntyrIE dy hwQ ivwc hY. sUby ivwc subfeI coxF akqUbr ivwc hox jf rhIaF hn. nvyN “eIkulfeIjysLn PfrmUly” aqy PYzrl srkfr nfl iqMn sUibaF dy cwl rhy ivvfd nMU, EntyrIE `qy kyNdrq kr ky, hfrpr srkfr sUby dy lokF dI vfhvf Kwt skdI sI. aqy nfl hI ies mfmly `qy PYzrl ilbrlF dy dbVMU-GUsVUM stYNz aqy sUbfeI ilbrl afgU zfltn mgYNtI dy spsLt stYNz nMU vrq ky, ilbrl KymyN ivwc KlblI mcf skdI sI.

          hfrpr srkfr aqy Aus dI pfrtI nMU ieh spsLt stYNz lY lYxf cfhIdf sI ik Auh EntyrIE dy lokF dIaF jybF KflI kr ky ‘eIkulfeIjysLn’ dy nfm hyT horF sUibaF nMU hmysLf zflr ByjI jfx df aMnf vfadf nhIN kr skdy. PYzrl kMsrvtv, EntyrIE dy votrF nMU ‘tuMbx’ df ieh suinhrI mOkf sMBfl nhIN sky.

 

KoKlf’ ikEto ibl pfs:

          ies dy nfl hI sYint ny ikEto akfrz `qy aml krn vfsqy srkfr nMU mjbUr krn leI pRfeIvyt mYNbr ibl sI-288 vI psf kr idwqf hY. hfrpr srkfr ny ies df mwTf ivroD kr ky ies nMU hor lyt krn df ierfdf, bjt ibwl pfs krvfAux kfrn iqafg idwqf sI. sYint ivwc ilbrl bhu-igxqI hox kfrn kMsrvtv ies ibl nMU bhuqI dyr rok nhIN sn skdy. pfs hoey ies ikEto-aml ibl anusfr srkfr nMU 60 idnF ivwc aYksLn plfn pysL krnf pvygf. hfrpr srkfr pihlF hI afK cukI hY ik ieh iek “Pokf” ibl hY jo srkfr qoN keI iblIan zflr Krcx dI aiswDI mMg qF krdf hY pr ies vfsqy 1 zflr qwk df vI pRbMD nhIN krdf. zflrF dy pRbMD qoN ibnF srkfr ikEto nMU lfgU nhIN kr skdI. ieh ibl hfAUs afPL kfmnjL ivwc ilbrl, blfk aqy aYn zI pI ny rlL ky pfs krvf ilaf sI. ies ibl dy kfnUMn bnx nfl aqy srkfr vloN koeI aYksLn nf krn nfl, srkfr iKlfPL adflqI kfrvfeI leI rsqf Kuwl jfvygf. jy ajyhf huMdf hY qF iek nvF qjrbf  hI hovygf pr adflqI kys lMby huMdy hn qy aglI PYzrl cox ies swB kuJ `qy huMJf Pyr skdI hY. ikEto-aml ibwl jo hux kfnUMn bx igaf hY, inrf zrfmf hI hY. 1997 ivwc shIbMd kIqI geI ies ikEto akfrz muqfibk kYnyzf ny “grIn hfAus” gYsF ivwc kmI krnI sI. ilbrl rfjkfl ivwc kmI qF kI hoxI sI iehnF gYsF dI pYdfvfr ivwc aDfh vfDf hoieaf hY. pfl mfritn dI srkfr ivwc vfqfvrx mMqrI rhy awj dy ilbrl afgU jnfb styPn izEN  ikEto `qy aml krn ivwc burI qrf asPLl rhy sn. ikEto insLny nMU pUrf krn vfsqy kYnyzf nMU sfl 2012 qwk grIn hfAus gYsF ivwc 35% kmI krnI pvygI. afriQkqf nMU qbfh krn qoN ibnF agly 5 sflF ivwc qIjf ihwsf kmI krnI ‘syKL icwlI’ vflI PV mfrn vrgI gwl hY.

-blrfj idEl

 


aPLgfn imsLn KLqrnfk qF hY hI pr jLrUrI vI hY!

          ies buwDvfr nMU qfilbfn gurIilaF vloN sVk iknfry iPwt kIqy bMb dy Dmfky ivwc iqMn hor knyzIan jvfn sLhId ho gey hn ijs nfl hux qwk aPLgfn sLfqI imsLn dI ByNt cVHn vfly knyzIan POjI jvfnF dI igxqI 60 ho geI hY. ies dy nfl hI aPLgfinsqfn dI muV AusfrI dy afsLy nfl Byijaf igaf iek aflfH drjy df knyzIan izplomYt vI kurbfn kIqf jf cuwkf hY. kYnyzf df aPLgfn sLFqI imsLn sfl 2002 ivwc ilbrl pRDfn mMqrI sRI XF ikRqIaF dy rfjkfl ivwc sLrU hoieaf sI. sRI ikRqIaF ny knyzIan POjI aMqrrfsLtrI “styblfeIjysLn’ Pors dy ihwsy vjoN rfjDfnI kfbul ivwc qYnfq kIqI sI. knyzIan POj ny ies imsLn ivwc bhuq kfmXbI hfsl kIqI sI aqy kfbul ‘sLFq’ igixaF jfx lwg ipaf sI.

          ilbrl pRDfn mMqrI sRI pfl mfritn ny “sfQI dysLF” aqy aPLgfn srkfr dI mMg `qy kfbul imsLn dy KLqm huMdy sfr hI knyzIan POj dy 2000 dy krIb jvfn kMDfr sUby ivwc qYnfq kr idwqy sn. kMDfr sUbf, kfbul nfloN ikqy vDyry asiQr aqy KLqrnfk sI ijs df kYnyzf srkfr nMU pUrf aihsfs sI. mfhrF df iKafl hY ik knyzIan POjF sLfqI imsLn vfsqy qF iqafr aqy lYs sn pr sLFqI imsLn dy nfl nfl “kfmbYt” (lVfeI) aqy Auh vI gurIlf iksm dy kfmbYt vfsqy pUrI qrF lYs aqy tryNz nhIN sn. KLqry df mukfblf kridaf POj vfsqy keI iksm dy nvyN aOjLfr KrIdy gey ijhnF ivwc bKqrbMd gwzIaF, tYNk aqy hiQafr sLfml hn. bdiksmqI nfl ieh swB kuJ vI kfrgr sfbq nhIN  hoieaf aqy lgfqfr qfilbfn dusLmx, vDyry pRBfvsLflI huMdf pRqIq ho irhf hY.

          vD rhIaF mOqF kfrn aPLgfn imsLn jldI KLqm krn dI mMg jLor PV rhI hY. hfrpr srkfr ny ieh sLFqI imsLn afp sLurU nhIN sI kIqf aqy nf hI kfbul imsLn nMU kMDfr imsLn ivwc bdlx df PYslf ilaf sI ieh swB kuJ qF ilbrl srkfrF kr geIaF sn. hfrpr srkfr ny kMDfr sLFqI imsLn dI imafd jLrUr sfl 2009 qwk vDfeI hY aqy ies bfry sMsd ivwc BrpUr bihs vI krvfeI hY. srkfr ny ieh vfadf vI kIqf hY ik 2009 qoN awgy iksy vI iksm dI POjI kfrvfeI df vfadf krn qoN pihlF sMsd dI afigaf leI jfvygI. srkfr df ieh Brosf kfPLI smiJaf jfxf cfhIdf hY. ilbrl pfrtI ijs dI srkfr ny ieh imsLn sLurU kIqf sI awj ies nfl votF dI isafsq Kyz rhI jfpdI hY. POjI imsLn koeI ipkink nhIN hoieaf krdy ijhnF nMU jd mrjLI mOsm Krfb huMdy sfr borIaf ibsqrf bMn, ivwcy Cwz ky Gr priqaf jf skdf hovy. POjI imsLn iksy insLfny nMU imwQ ky sLurU kIqy jFdy hn aqy mOsm Krfb ho jfx dI sUrq ivwc vI ZukvF smF vyK ky shI plYinMg kr ky smyty jFdy hn.

          kfhlI nfl smytidaF keI vfr vDyry nuksfn ho jfx dIaF sMBfvnfvF huMdIaF hn ies leI sfl 2009 qwk df kIqf vfadf hr hflq pUrf kIqf jfxf cfhIdf hY aqy ies nMu pUrf krn vfsqy sfQI dysLF qoN hor ZukvIN mdd dI qurMq mMg kIqI jfxI cfhIdI hY. 2009 ivwc kMDfr ivwc knyzIan POj dI jgfH lYx vfly hor iksy dysL dI qlfsL krnf smyN dI loV hY ijs ivwc dyrI nhIN kIqI jfxI cfhIdI. mfhrF df iKafl hY ik aPLgfn imsLn sLFqI ajy Gwto Gwt iek dhfkf hor jfrI rwKxf pvygf qd jf ky aPLgfinsqfn ikqy siQrqf vyK skygf. jfhr hY ik knyzIan POj iksy nf iksy sUrq ivwc 2009 qoN awgy qwk ies imsLn df ihwsf rhygI BfvyN ieh ihwsf awj nfloN 10vF ihwsf hI ikAuN nf hovy.

          aPLgfn sLFqI imsLn dy ivroDI, bhuqy sLfqI pRymI do ku nukqy hmysLf njLraMdfjL krdy hn. pihlf nukqf ieh hY ik kYnyzf nyto sMgTn df ihwsf hI nhIN hY sgoN nyto sMgTn KVf krn vfsqy ivcfr rUpI bIj bIjx vflf dysL hY. nyto sMgTn muqfibk iksy vI iek mYNbr dysL `qy hmlf sfry dysLF `qy hmlf smiJaf jfvygf. ies qrF kYnyzf vfsqy nyto dy iksy vI POjI imsLn qoN qd qwk pUrI qrF iknfrf krnf sMBv nhIN hY jd qwk kYnyzf nyto sMgTn df ihwsf hY.  amrIkf `qy hoieaf 9/11 hmlf nyto Bfvnf hyT sfry nyto dysLF `qy hmlf sI ijs df tfkrf krnf sfry dysLF dI sFJI ijMLmyvfrI smJI geI sI. ieh vwKrI gwl hY ik 9/11 iksy dysL vloN amrIkf `qy kIqf igaf hmlf nhIN sI ieh iek disLqgrd sMgTn df hmlf sI ijs ny aPLgfinsqfn nMU afpxf awzf bxfieaf hoieaf sI. PrFs vrgy, amrIky dy hlky ivroDI igxy jFdy dysL dy kOmI aKLbfr ny ies `qy pRqIikRaf idMidaF  muwK pMny dI hYWz-lfeIn “asIN swB amrIkn hF” lgfeI sI. ieh Bfvnf qkrIbn sfry pwCmI jgq ivwc pfeI geI sI aqy kYnyzf ivwc amrIkf vfsqy ies qoN vI ikqy vwD hmdrdI aqy dihsLqgrdF iKlfPL guwsf pYdf ho igaf sI.  mfhrF df iKafl hY ik BivK ivwc nyto vrgy sMgTnF nMU dusLmx dysLF nflo dihsLqgrd sMgTnF qoN vDyry KLqrf hY ijs vfsqy kYnyzf smyq sfry mYNbr dysLF nMU iqafr rihxf pvygf.

          njLraMdfjL kIqf jFdf dUjf nukqf hY kYnyzf aqy dunIaF dI surwiKaqf. kI kMDfr sLFqI imsLn Cwz jfx nfl kYnyzf jF sMsfr vDyry surwiKaq ho jfvygf jF Gwt? aPLgfinsqfn nMU qfilbfn aqy al-kfiedy dy muV hvfly krn nfl isrPL iekwly aPLgfn lok hI mOq dy mUMh ivwc nhIN Dwky jfxgy sgoN sfrI dunIaF ivwc ikqy vI 9/11 kdy vI vfprn dy afsfr keI guxf vD jfxgy. ajyhf 9/11 kYnyzf ivwc vI vfpr skdf hY aqy iksy hor dysL ivwc vI ijs nMU roikaf jfxf jLrUrI hY. ies ivwc koeI sLwk nhIN  hY ik 60 POjI iksy dUr durfzy dysL ivwc jf ky kurbfn krny bhuq vwzI kImq jfpdI hY pr 60 POjIaF dy mukfbly 9/11 vrgy iGnOxy kfry ivwc 3000 inhwQy sLihrI aqy afriQkqf qbfh krvfAuxI ikqy vwzI kImq hY jo koeI vI dysL jF sLihrI adf krn nMU pihl nhIN dyvygf.

          aPLgfn sLfqI imsLn nMU ies rOsLnI ivwc hI vyiKaf jfxf cfhIdf. ies imsLn ivwc loVINdf vfDf jF qbdIlI Bfvukqf dy aDfr `qy nhIN sgoN Tos loVF aqy aslIaqF (grfAuNz rIaltIjL) dy aDfr `qy krnI cfhIdI hY. aPLgfn sLFqI imsLn KLqrnfk jLrUr hY pr ieh jLrUrI vI hY ijs qoN ibnF hor koeI cfrf nhIN hY. aPLgfinsqfn nMU iksy vI hflq ivwc dobfrf ieslfimk dihsLqgrdF df pwkf aqy surwiKaq awzf nhIN bnx idwqf jfxf cfhIdf.

-blrfj idEl

 

 

sYint rIPrfm qoN ilbrl afnfkfnI ikAuN kr rhy hn?

          pRDfn mMqrI sRI hfrpr ny sYint rIPfrm nMU afpxI srkfr df iek muwK insLfnf bxfieaf hoieaf pr ivroDI iDr, ilbrl pfrtI vfsqy ieh koeI Kfs muwdf hI nhIN hY. knyzIan sYint brqfnIaF dy hfAUs afP lfrzjL dI qrjL `qy bxfeI geI hY aqy ies vfsqy nfmjdgIaF mOky df pRDfn mMqrI hI krdf hY. iek vfr nfmjd hoieaf sYintr qkrIbn Aumr Br leI afpxI kursI `qy ibrfjmfn rihMdf hY aqy Auh iswDy qOr `qy iksy nMU vI juvfbdyh nhIN hY. Aus nMU nf qF cox lVn dI looV huMdI hY aqy nf hI Aus df koeI cox hlkf huMdf hY. sYintr dI kursI Aus vloN afp asqIPf dyx, Aus dI mOq hox jF Aus dI Aumr 75 sfl dI hox jfx nfl hI KflI ho skdI hY. aqy jd sIt KflI huMdI hY qF mOky df pRDfn mMqrI ijs nMU idl kry, Aus nMU sYintrI bKLsL skdf hY.

          ikAuNik ilbrl pfrtI bhuqf smF rfj isMGfsn `qy ibrfjmfn rihMdI hY ies vfsqy knyzIan sYint ivwc iblrl pfrtI dI Brmfr hY. ikAuNik sYint cuxI hoeI nhIN hY ies leI ieh kihxf pwky qOr `qy musLkl hY ik ikhVf sYintr iks pfrtI nfl hY. pr sYint ivwc vwK pfrtIaF df afpxf afpxf kfks hY aqy ies muqfibk ies smyN ilbrlF kol sYint ivwc qkrIbn do iqhfeI bhumwq hY. ilbrlF kol 60-65 sYintr hn jd ik torIaF kol 22-23 dy krIb hn. kuJ sYintr aYn zI pI dy smrQk hn aqy do jF iqMn ajy qwk KLqm ho cuwkI purfxI pRgorYisv kMsrvtv pfrtI df PIqf vI lgfeI iPrdy hn.

          gvFZI dysL amrIkf ivwc sYintr cuxy jFdy hn aqy kYnyzf ivwc vI cuxI hoeI sYint dI mMg vD rhI hY. amrIkf ivwc pRDfngI pRnflI df lokqMqr hY ijs ivwc rfsLtrpqI vDyry qfkqvfr huMdf hY pr kfnUMn GVn df aiDkfr amrIkf dI sMsd dy dovF sdnF, kFgrs aqy sYint kol hI huMdf hY. kYnyzf dI sMsdI pRnflI ivwc ikAuNik pRDfn mMqrI aqy kYibnt hfAUs afPL kfmnjL ivwc bhuigxqI jF vwzI pfrtI df afgU bxdf hY ies leI dovF sdnF df iswDy qOr `qy cuxy hoey hoxf keI pcIdgIaF pYdf krdf hY. ijs kfrn bhuq sfry mfhr nfmjd sYint kfiem rwKx dy hwk ivwc hn. jy kfmnjL aqy sYint dovyN hI iswDI cox nfl hoNd ivwc afAux qF asl qfkq iks sdn kol hovygI? ieh iewk bhuq vwzf svfl hY.

          BfrqI sMsd df Auprlf sdn, rfj sBf iek ivckfrlf rsqf hY jo bhuq sfry dysL apxf rhy hn aqy kYnyzf ivwc vI sYint dI aiswDI cox vwl Bfr vD irhf njLr afAuNdf hY BfvyN ieh aiswDI cox BfrqI rfj sBf nfloN vwKrI iksm dI ikafsI jf rhI hY.

          kMsrvtv pfrtI qfkq ivwc afAux qoN bhuq pihlF qoN hI cuxI hoeI sYint dy hwk ivwc rhI hY pr sYint rIPfrm Gwt igxqI srkfr dy vws df rog nhIN hY. iehI kfrn hY ik kMsrvtv pfrtI hfl dI GVI sYint rIPfrm nMU, sYintrF dI imafd inrDfrq krn qwk sImq rwK rhI hY. pr ilbrl pfrtI aqy ilbrl bhumwq vflI sYint nMU ieh vI mnjLUr nhIN hY.  ilbrl sYint srkfr dy Es ibwl nMU rokI bYTI hY ijs dy pfs ho jfx nfl sYintr dI imafd 8 sfl dI inrDfrq ho jfvygI. ieh imafd bhuq hI TukvIN imafd afKI jf skdI hY.

          BfrqI rfj sBf mYNbrF dI imafd 6 sfl huMdI hY aqy rfj sBf mYNbrF dI cox hr sUby dI cuxI hoeI ivDfnpfilkf (asMblI) dy mYNbr krdy hn. hr sUby kol abfdI muqfibk rfj sBf dIaF sItF huMdIaF hn aqy jd kdy sIt KflI huMdI hY qF sbMDq sUbf hI ies nMU Brdf hY. ieh iek bhuq ZukvF PfrmUlf hY ijs nfl Auprly sdn ivwc rfjF (sUibaF) dI avfjL bxI rihMdI hY.

          kYnyzf dI sYint vwl vyKIey qF hr sYintr 40-45 sfl qwk afpxI kursI `qy ibrfjmfn rih skdf hY. jy koeI KusL iksmq 30 sfl dI Aumr ivwc sYintr nfmjd ho jfvy qF 75 sfl dI Aumr qwk, lgfqfr 45 sfl dysL dy “rYWz cyNbr” df afnMd mfx skdf hY. sYint ivwc hfjLrI vwl vyKIey qF bhuq sfry sYintr ajyhy hn jo  qnKfh, JMzI aqy shUlqF df afnMd hI mfxdy hn. kuJ qF mIzIaf ivwc crcf df ivsLf vI bxdy rhy hn jd Auh keI sYsLnF dOrfn iewk awD vfr hI hfjLrI lgfAux awpVdy rhy hn. kYnyzf dy lokF dy lhU psIny dI kmfeI nfl cldI sYint jy afpxy mjUdf hfl ivwc kuJ TukvF rol adf nhIN kr rhI qF ies dI rIPLfrm jLrUrI hY. lokF nMU afpxy tYks zflr df muwl muVnf cfhIdf hY.

          awj dI sYint vwl vyKIey qF ilbrl sYintr sRI aYzm ivlI nMU  1977 ivwc jnfb trUzo ny sYintr nfmjd kIqf sI. 1934 ivwc jnmy sRI ivlI dI Aumr Es smyN 43 ku sfl dI sI aqy Auh hux 22 jUn 2009 nMU rItfier hoxgy jd AuhnF dI Aumr 75 sfl dI ho jfvygI. ies qrF Auh lgfqfr 32 sfl sYintr dI kursI grm rwKxgy. eysy qrF 1979 ivwc pRDfn mMqrI sRI joa klfrk vloN nfmjd kIqy gey kMsrvtv sYintr  sRI mrI lovwl sfl 2011 ivwc 75 sfl dy ho ky rItfier hoxgy, AuhnF df jnm 1936 ivwc hoieaf sI.

          kYnyzf df bjt sMsd dy hyTly sdn vloN bIqy idnIN pfs kr idwqf igaf hY aqy hux sYint dy ivcfr aDIn hY. kuJ sYintr ivwc nMU pfs nf krn dIaF gwlF vI kr rhy hn. hflF ik ilbrl afgU sRI styPLn izEN ieh afK cuwky hn ik sYint nMU ies bjt nMU pfs krnf pvygf ikAuNik kfmnjL ies nMU pfs kr cuwkf hY. hfAUs afP kfmnjL dysL df rfjsI qOr `qy “srbsLkqImfn” hfAUs hY aqy jy sYint bjt ibwl nMU dyr qwk lY ky bYTI rihMdI hY jF ies nMU rwd krn bfry socdI hY qF ieh kfmnjL dI qfkq `qy Cfpf mfrn vflI gwl hovygI.

          ijwQoN qwk sYintrF dI trm (imafd) inrDfrq krn df svfl hY, ilbrl iek mwq nhIN jfpdy. kuJ ilbrl sYintrF dI imafd inrDfrq krn dy qF hwk ivwc hn pr ieh imafd 12 jF `15 sfl cfhuMdy hn. ies nfl awj dy 40-45 sfl vflI trm BfvyN Kqm ho jfvygI pr iPr vI sYintrF vfsqy 12-15 sfl imafd bhuq ijLafdf hY. kMsrvtv srkfr vloN ibwl ivwc suJfeI geI 8 sfl dI imafd bhuq ZukvIN hY aqy ieh ibwl ibnF dyrI dy pfs kr idwqf jfxf cfhIdf hY.

          ilbrl afgU sRI styPLn izEN sYint dIaF qfkqF jF aiDkfr Kyqr dy mfmly ivwc do byVIaF `qy suafr ho cuky jfpdy hn. iek pfsy Auh ieh afK rhy hn ik sYint nMU bjt ibwl pfs krnf pvygf ikAuNik kfmnjL pfs kr cuwkf hY. pr dUjy pfsy sYintrF dI imafd inrDfrq krn dy ibwl nMU rokx jF rd krn dy mfmly ivwc ieh afK rhy hn ik sYintr ajyhf kr skdy hn. sYint vloN afpxy mYNbrF dI imafd inrDrq krn vfly ibwl nMU rokxf “kfnPlYkt afP ieMntrYst” (ihwqF dy tkrfE) vflI gwl hovygI.

          sYint rIPfrm bhuq jLrUrI hY aqy ies bfry dysL ivwc afm bihs crcf hoxI cfhIdI hY. hfl dI GVI sYintrF dI imafd 8 sfl inrDfrq kr ky sfiraf jf skdf hY aqy ilbrl kMtrolz sYint nMU ieh ibl qurMq pfs krn leI kdm cukxy cfhIdy hn. kfmnjL ivwc pfs ho cuwky bjt ibwl nMU ZukvyNN smyN ivwc pfs krvfAux leI vI ilbrl afgU nMU afpxy sYint kfks dIaF qxIaF iKwcxIaF cfhIdIaF hn.

-blrfj idEl

 


sihxsLIlqf nMU lwg irhf Korf icMqfjnk!!

          ies hPLqy dunIaF dy ivksq dysL dI slfnf smt kfnPrMs ho rhI hY ijhnF nMU jI-8 dysL afiKaf jFdf hY. ies kfnPrMs ivwc dunIaF df vqfvrx muwK muwdf bx ky AuBiraf hY. bhuq sfry mfhrF vloN ikhf jf irhf hY dunIaF df vfqfvrx grm ho irhf hY ijs nMU ‘globl vfrimMg’ df nfm idwqf igaf hY. ‘globl vfrimMg’ mfpx vfsqy keI iksm dy afDuink pYmfny vrqy jf rhy hn ijhnF ivwc DrqI dy dovF DruvF aqy ihmflf vrgIaF phfVIaF `qy sdIaF qoN bxy brPL dy qody Kurn dI rPLqfr nMU muwK pYmfny dy qOr `qy vriqaf jf irhf hY.

          afspfs vfpr rhIaF GtnfvF nMU vyiKaf jfvy qF ‘globl vfrimMg’ dy nfl mnuwKI suBfE ivwc qpsL vI vD rhI njLr af rhI hY. ieh globl vfrimMg kfrn hY jF vD rhy Dfrimk qy jfqIvfdI kwtVfd kfrn hY, ieh ivcfr df ivsLf hY. mnuwKI suBfE ivwc vD rhI qpsL vyKI aqy mfpI jf skdI hY ijs df kfrn sihxsLIlqf nMU lgfqfr lwg irhf Korf jfpdf hY aqy ies Kory df kfrn iPr ivcfr df ivsLf hY. aqy ivcfr swB df afpo afpxf huMdf ies leI ies dy kfrn vI hr iksy dI njLr ivwc vKo vwKry ho skdy hn.

          do ku hPLqy pihlF pMjfb dy gvFzI rfj, rfjsQfn ivwc acfnk hI “gujwr aMdoln” nfm dI lihr aYtm bMb dy Dmfky vFg pRgt hoeI aqy rfj df jn-jIvn Twp ho ky rih igaf. ies qoN pihlF lyKk vFg sLfied bhuqy lok gujwr nfm sux ky muwJF cfr ky gujLfrf krn vfly kbIilaF df ikafs hI krdy hoxgy ijhnF dI igxqI Gwto Gwt pMjfb ivwc bhuqI nhIN jfpdI. pr jd rfjsQfn ivwc “gujwr aMdoln” AuBiraf qF hr pfsy zFgF df hI bolbflf sI. rfjsQfn dI srkfr ny cox vfadf qoiVaf ieh ies swB kuJ df bhfnf bixaF. srkfrF aksr hI vfady qoVdIaF hn ieh koeI nvIN gwl nhIN sI. ies df ivroD krn df hr BfeIcfry nMU hwk hY ijs nfl vI koeI vfadf qoiVaf igaf hovy aqy ieh hwk rfjsQfn dy gujwrF nMU vI sI qy hY. pr ijs ZMg nfl ies hwk df iesqymfl kIqf igaf hY Auh nf qF swiBak hY aqy nf hI awj dy Xuwg df hfxI hY.

          srkfr ny pihlF vfadf qoiVaf aqy iPr guwjrF `qy golI vrqI ieh dovyN bhuq vDIaf muwdy sn, gujwrF vfsqy hor lokF dI hmdrdI ijwqx vfsqy pr jo AuhnF kIqf Aus nfl hmdrdI qF dUr dI gwl hY, Auh hor brfdrIaF dy lokF dy mKOLl aqy nPLrq df isLkfr hI hoey hn.  rfjsQfn dy mIxy BfeIcfry nfl qF guwjrF df hiQafrbMd tkrfE vI hoieaf hY. iehnF idnF ivwc ies ihMsk aMdoln kfrn rfj ivwc lokF aqy vpfrk adfiraF df kroVF df nuksfn hoieaf hY ijs vfsqy ieh ihMsk aMdoln pUrI qrF ijLmyvfr hY. pMjfbI dI khfvq hY ik KrbUjLy nMU vyK ky KrbUjLf rMg bdldf hY. sMBv hY ik pMjfb ivwc pRymIaF dIaF zFgF aqy iswKF dIaF nMgIaF qlvfrF df Jlkfrf, guwjrF dI sihxsLkqI nMU Korf lgfAux df kfrn bixaF hovy. afKr pMjfb ivwc vfpr rhIaF GtnfvF nMU dysL dy tI vI cYnlF ny nflo nfl lgfqfr ivKfieaf sI. afpsI mukfblybfjLI dy Xuwg ivwc mIzIaf vI ksUqf Ps jFdf hY. hr tI vI cYnl aqy hr mIzIaf adfrf hI iksy vI Gtnf dI  dUjy qoN vwD kvryj krn dI koisLsL krdf hY. jfxkfrI dI bhuqfq lokF nMU bdhjLmI kr skdI hY aqy lokF df suafd vI ivgV skdf hY.

          zyrf pRymIaF dy juvfb ivwc kuJ qwq-qsIrI iswKF ny ivroD dy sLurU dy idnF ivwc jo nMgIaF qlvfrF lihrfeIaF Aus nfl iswKF dy aks nMU Zfh hI lwgI hY. iehI kfrn hY ik hux sRI akfl qKLq aqy hor Dfrimk afgUaF ny ihMsk phuMc df iswDf ivroD krnf sLurU kr idwqf hY.  josL dy nfl hosL vrqx dIaF apIlF hux afm suxIaF jf rhIaF hn. ajy kwl hI jQydfr sRI vydFqI ny “aprysLn blU stfr” dI Xfd ivwc hoey smfgm mOky hosL (sLFqI) qoN kMm lYx leI ZMg ZMg keI iesLfry kIqy hn.  AuhnF ikhf hY ik, “iswK GwlUGfiraF ivc lhU-luhfx huMdy hoey vI mnuwKqf dI syvf krdy rhy hn, iswK ieiqhfs dI gfQf, BfeI GnweIaf jI dI imsfl sfzy leI hmysLf pRyrnf sroq bxI rhygI.”

          jfhr hY ik BfeI GnweIaf jI dI imsfl ihMsf df ivroD krn vfsqy vrqI geI hY aqy ieh loV sihxsLIlqf nMU lwg rhy Kory krn peI hY. sLFqI pUrn sMGrsL ivwZx, ies `qy kfiem rihx aqy ijwq pRfpq krn df iswKF df mfxmwqf ieiqhfs hY. sRI gurU arjun dyx jI qoN sRI gurU qyg bhfdr jI dI sLhfdq qwk df ieiqhfs sihxsLIlqf aqy sFqI df sMdysL idMdf hY. aMgryjL dy smyN kUkf lihr dy sLhIdF dIaF kurbfnIaF aqy mhMqF hwQoN gurdvfry ajLfd krvfAux leI cwlfeI geI gurdvfrf suDfr lihr mukMml qOr `qy sLfqIpUrn rhI sI. qwq-iKaflI ies smyN vI jLrUr hoxgy pr Auh BfrU nf ho sky jF nf hox idwqy gey. iswtf ieh morcf bhuq mfx nfl ijwqx ivwc inkilaf aqy Bfrq dy kOmI afgUaF ny afp af ky ies morcy ivwc igRPLqfrIaF vI idwqIaF aqy ies nMU dysL dI ajLfdI dI pihlI lVfeI ijwqx df ruqvf vI idwqf.

          pMjfb ivwc jo kMm zyrf pRymIaF ny zFgF dI vrqoN nfl sLurU kIqf  sI Auh nMgIaF qlvfrF lihrfAux qwk puwjf ijs vfsqy Auh Gwt ijLmyvfr nhIN hn. hYrfnI dI gwl hY ik ijhnF ny afpxf nfm “pRymI” rwiKaf hoieaf hovy aqy AuhnF df Dfrimk afgU afpxf nfm gurmIq rfm rhIm isMG rwK ky swB DrmF df sFJF jF sB DrmF df siqkfr krn df dfavf krdf hovy Aus dy pYrokfr zFgF nfl lYs ho ik hmlfvr hox leI iqafr bYTy hoey hox. Bfxf vfprn qoN bfad vI zyrydfr swcmuwc hI “pRymI” hox df sbUq dyxf cfhuMdf sI qF sfPL muafPLI mMgx ivwc koeI hrj nhIN sI.

          bIqy sfl jd XUrp dy iek aKLbfr ny hjLrq muhMmd sfihb dy kuJ kfrtUn lgf idwqy sn qF ieslfimk dunIaF ivwc sihxsLIlqf nMU lwg cuwkf Korf Jwt pRgt ho igaf sI. sbMDq aKLbfr ny cMgf kMm nhIN sI kIqf pr rihm idl awlf (rihmfny rhIm) dy pYrokfrF ny ijs rihm df pRgtfvf kIqf sI Aus ivwc ihMsf hI ihMsf vyKx nMU imlI sI.

          hYrfnI ies gwl dI vI huMdI hY ik srbsLkqImfn dwsy jFdy awlf, Bgvfn, eIsLvr, vfihgUr jF gOz dI iejLwq, siqkfr bcfAux vfsqy Aus dy pYrokfr ikAuN pwbF Bfr hoey rihMdy hn? kI srbsLkqImfn afpxf siqkfr afp bcfAux dy Xog nhIN hY? kI hr Drm dy DrmIaF nMU Aus dI srbsLkImfnqf `qy koeI sLwk hY? jy ajy sLwk hI hY qF iPr horF nMU kfPLr afKx df AuhnF nMU koeI hwk nhIN hoxf cfhIdf. inrsMdyh mnuwKI sihxsLIlqf nMU lwg irhf Korf icMqfjnk hY aqy ieh icMqf srbsLkqImfn nMU bhuq pihl dy aDfr `qy krnI cfhIdI hY.         

-blrfj idEl

 


ihMsf qoN qObf BlI!

 

          23 meI, idn buwDvfr nMU torFto dy sI[ zblXU[ jYPrI kljIeyt ivwc jorzn mYnrjL nfm dy iek 15 sflf hOxhfr ividafrQI nMU golI mfr ky mfr idwqf igaf sI. mYnrjL ny ajy kuJ idn pihlF hI afpxf 15vF jnm idm mnfieaf sI. GtnF vfly idn afpxy nMU skUl Auh hor ividafrQIaF vFg pVHn hI igaf sI aqy Aus dy mfipaF nMU ieh icwq cyqf vI nhIN hovygf ik AuhnF df lfl skUloN kPLn ivwc hI vfps prqygf. skUlI Aumr dy hor mfpy vI ieh kdy soc nhIN skdy ik AuhnF dy bwcy skUl ivwc surwiKaq nhIN ho skdy. jy jorzn mYnrjL dI mOq iksy kudrqI hfdsy kfrn hoeI huMdI qF gwl hor sI. Aus dI mOq do 17-17 sfl dy ividafrQIaF dI ihMsk soc df nqIjf sI ijhnF iksy mfVy moty JgVy kfrn mYnrjL nMU Bry skUl ivwc golI mfr ky mfr idwqf sI. jfhr hY ieh AuhnF dI ies soc df nqIjf hY ik Auh iksy JgVy df hwl golI nfl kr skdy hn jF AuhnF nMU ajyhf krn df hwk hY. sbMDq gMn ikQoN aqy ikvyN afeI ieh svfl mwqvpUrn qF hn pr swB kuJ dI jVH ies soc ivwc hY ik iksy nMU iksy vI JgVy dy hwl vfsqy ihMsf df hwk hY aqy ihMsf df hwk vI iksy dI jfn lY lYx qwk df hY.

          skUl swB qoN surwiKaq adfry hoxy cfhIdy hn ikAuNik ieh igafn dy kyNdr hn. iksy nfeIt klwb jF tYvrn ivwc ihMsf ho jfvy qF ieh afK ky sfiraf jf skdf hY ik kuJ sLrfbI lokF ny ajyhf kfrf kr idwqf hovygf pr iksy skUl ivwc ajyhf ho jfxf ieh socx vfsqy mjbUr krdf hY ik smfj ikwDr nMU jf irhf hY?

          ies vIrvfr nMU jorzn mYnrjL nMU dPLnf idwqf igaf hY aqy torFto vrgy snawqI sLihr ivwc hjLfrF lok Aus nMU ivdfiegI dyx vfsqy puwjy hn jo ik afpxy afp ivwc iek sbUq hY ik ies Gtnf, ies kql ny lokF nMU JMjoiVaf hY. ies kql dy dosL ivwc jo do nOjvfn puils ny PVy aqy cfrj kIqy hn AuhnF dI Aumr 17-17 sfl dI hY. iehnF bwicaF dI Aumr dwsdI hY ik JgVf koeI mfmUlI hI hovygf, hor ies Aumr ivwc koeI gihrf JgVf ho jfx df koeI kfrn hI nhIN hY. ieh qF puils dI qPLqIsL aqy adflqI kys hI nbyVf krygf ik asl kfrn kI sI. smfj vfsqy ies qwQ vwl iDafn dyxf jLrUrI hY ik ihMsk vqIry kfrn iek Gr df icrfg sdf vfsqy buJ igaf hY aqy ieh kuJ iksy nfl kdy vI vfpr skdf hY. aqy ies nMU iksy nf iksy ZMg nfl Twly jfx dI loV hY. mFtrIal aqy amrIkf dy ividak adfiraF ivwc vfpry gMn kFz drsfAuNdy hn skUlI ihMsf lgfqfr vDdI jf rhI hY.

          amrIkf ivwc hiQafr afm AuplBd hn jo ik amrIkI smfj ivwc bhuqI ihMsf df kfrn bxdy hn pr kYnyzf ivwc hiQafr afm KrIdy nhIN jf skdy pr iPr vI ieh skUlI bwicaF qwk iksy nf iksy rsqy phuMc rhy hn ijhf ik jorzn mYnrjL sI mOq qoN spsLt hY. aksr jd kdy ajyhI ihMsk Gtnf vfprdI hY qF bhuq sfrIaF avfjLf sunx nMU imldIaF hn pr kuJ hPLiqaF bfad hI gwl TMZy bsqy ivwc pY jFdI hY aqy lok swB kuJ AudoN qwk Buwl jFdy hn jd qwk ik aglI ihMsk Gtnf ivwc iksy dI jfn nhIN clI jFdI. jorzn mYnrjL dI mF bIbI lorIn smfl ny puq gvfAux qoN bfad vI bdlf lAU Bfvnf nMU nkfridaF “XUQ vfElYNs” nMU Twl pfAux vfsqy kuJ Tos kdm cuky jfx dI loV `qy jLor idwqf hY. Aus ny ies kMm vfsqy “XUQ kimsLnr”, kfrnrjL qPLqIsL jF ies qrF df koeI hor ZukvF kdm AuTfey jfx leI ikhf hY ijs nfl smwisaf dI jVH qwk phuMicaf sky. jorzn mYnrjL kfly BfeIcfry nfl sbMDq sI aqy aMkVy dwsdy hn ik torFto ivwc kfly BfeIcfry dy XuvkF ivwc ‘kql’ dr afm nfloN pMj guxF vwD hY. ies nfl ijwQy kfly BfeIcfry `qy hr pfisAuN dbfE vD jFdf hY AuWQy ieh nhIN Buwlxf cfhIdf ik ihMsk vqIry nMU kfbU krnf iek sFJI smfijk ijLmyvfrI hY.

          bIqy ivwc ajyhy aMkVy vI keI rportF ivwc pRkfsLq huMdy rhy hn ik sQfnk kfly BfeIcfry ivwc tut rhy pirvfrF (qlfkF) dI igxqI afm nfloN bhuq vwD hY ijs kfrn bwicaF nMU dovF mfipaF df ipafr aqy shfrf nhIN imldf jo ies qrF dy vqIry df iek kfrn ho skdf hY. pirvfrF df tuwtxf qF hr BfeIcfry ivwc hI afm huMdf jf irhf hY ijs df kfrn ieKlfkI kdrF kImqF ivwc af rhI igrfvt aqy ivakqIvfd aqy pdfrQvfd df psfrf hY.

          ijhnF skUlF ivwc asIN afpxy bwcy pVHn Byjdy hF aqy ijhnF skUlF nMU cldy rwKx vfsqy asIN tYksF dy rUp ivwc motIaF rkmF ByNt krdy hF Auh vI ies Xuwg ivwc ivakqIvfd aqy pdfrQvfd dy pRcfr sfDn bx gey hoey hn. bwicaF nMU mfipaF hwQoN kiQq bd-slUkI qoNN bcfAux dy bhfny hyT, AuhnF nMU mYN mYN dI isiKaf iehnF skUlF ivwc bhuq Tok vjfky idwqI jFdI hY. skUl, puils aqy iclzrn eyz sosfietI nfl rlL ky mfipaF dI DOx `qy jd mrjLI qlvfr ltkf skdy hn aqy iehnF nMU rokx vfsqy koeI kfiedf kfnUMn nhIN hY. iclzrn eyz sosfietIaF lokF dy DMn dI ijs qrF Kyh Auzf rhIaF hn ies bfry ipCly sfl kuJ rportF sfhmxy af cukIaF hn. ijhnF bwicaF nMU iclzrn eyz sosfietI dI surwiKaf CqrI dI loV peI hY AuWQy ieh sosfietIaF burI qrF Pyhl vI hoeIaF hn. cMgy Bly mfipaF `qy kfnUMn df rohb JfVnf iehnF df dsqUr bxdf jf irhf hY.

          awj dy skUlF ivwc zispln nfm dI koeI sLYa nhIN hY jd koeI durGtnf vfprdI hY qF “syPtI inXmF” dI ikqfb qoN imwtI JfV leI jFdI hY. ies kys ivwc vI ieh qwQ sfhmxy afieaf hY ik sI[ zblXU[ jYPrI kljIeyt ivwc kYmry qF lgfey hoey sn pr Auh cldy nhIN sn. lokF nMU srkfr qoN mMg krnI cfhIdI hY ik AuhnF dy lhU psIny dI kmfeI dy zflrF df muwl AuhnF nMUU moiVaf jfvy aqy iehnF adfiraF nMU afpxI bxdI ijLmyvfrI pUrI krn vfsqy bcnbwD rwiKaf jfvy.

          jorzn mYnrj dI mOq qoN  bfad sUby dy pRImIar ny ieh ibafn dfigaf sI ik dysL ivwc “hYNz-gMnF” `qy mukMml pfbMdI hoxI cfhIdI hY. kYnyzf ivwc hYNz gMnF `qy qF pihlF hI pfbMdI hY, koeI vI ivakqI psqOl jF rvflvr ibnF lsMs qoN nhIN rwK skdf. ieh hiQafr afsfnI nfl Cupfey jf skx vfly hiQafr mMny jFdy hn ijs kfrn ieh vDyry Kqrnfk hn. kuJ lok iehnF gMnF nMU hMitMg gMnF nfl rlgwz kr rhy hn jd ik hMitMg leI vrqy jfx vflIaF bMdUkF vwzIaF huMdIaF hn aqy ieh ies iksm dI ihMsf vfsqy nhIN vrqIaF jFdIaF.

          ieh qwQ keI vfr sfhmxy afieaf hY ik ajyhIaF CotIaF gMnF ijhnF nMU psqOl jF rvflvr afiKaf jFdf hY, amrIkf qoN smgl ho ky kYnyzf afAuNdIaF hn. ies kMm vfsqy zrwg smgl krn vfly gYNg vI pRmuwK rol adf krdy dwsy jFdy hn. amrIkf ivwc gMnF dI Kuwl aqy bhuqfq jLrUr hY pr amrIkf ivwc kfnUMn kYnyzf nfloN ikqy vwD sKLq hn. amrIkf qoN smgl ho ky kYnyzf afeIaF gMnF ies krky vI “zbl Pfier” krdIaF ikAuNik iewQy kfnUMn bhuq nrm hY aqy mujrm keI vfr qF jldI hI kys `coN ibnF sjLf Cuwt jFdf hY aqy jF QoVHI sjLf Bugq ky bfhr af jFdf hY. dysL dy gMn jurmF nfl sbMDq kfnUMnF nMU pihlF sKLq krn aqy iPr sKLqI nfl lfgU krn dI loV hY. ies mfmly ivwc ilbrl srkfrF iZlmwT hI ivKfAuNdIaF rhIaF hn.

          gMnF vfElMs (ihMsf) rokx  dy nfl nfl nOjvfn vrg nMU ihMsk vqIry qoN qObf krn dI lgfqfr isiKaf dyx dI vI loV hY.

-blrfj idEl

 


kwtVvfd df bolbflf icMqfjnk

          zyrf swcf sOdf muKI gurmIq rfm rhIm isMG vloN rcy gey svFg kfrn bIqy drjun ku idnF qoN  pMjfb ivwc asLFq mhOl bixaF hoieaf hY. pMjfb dy nfl ies df asr idwlI, jMmU ksLmIr, rfjsQfn, muMbeI, hirafxf aqy Bfrq dy hor keI sLihrF ivwc vI hoieaf hY. gurmIq rfm rhIm isMG ny swq-isqfiraF aqy “jLfmy ieMsF” df ieh svFg rcx qoN pihlF aKbfrI iesLiqhfrbfjLI rfhIN ies nMU cMgI qF pRcfiraf sI pr ies df nf srkfr ny, nf mIzIaf ny, nf sLRomxI kmytI ny aqy nf hI iswK buwDIjIvI vrg ny koeI noits ilaf sI ijs kfrn pqf Es smyN hI lwgf jd ivwc swB kuJ vfpr igaf aqy biTMzf ivwc iswKF df iek iekwT ies df sLFqIpUrn ivroD krn vfsqy inkl ipaf.

          iksy vI iDr nMU sLFqIpUrn ivroD df pUrf hwk hY aqy ies ivwc koeI sLwk nhIN hY ik ieh pihlf ivroD pUrI qrF sLFqIpUrn sI. ies ros mOky jo ihMsf hoeI sI Auh zFgDfrI “pRymIaF” vloN hoeI sI aqy pRsLfsLn qy srkfr iek vfr iPr ies sMBfvI tkrfE nMU ikafsx ivwc nfkfm irhf sI. ies nfkfmI ipwCy socI-smJI nIqI sI jF ieh avyslfpn sI ies bfry qF pMjfb srkfr aqy pRsLfsLn hI jfxdf hovygf pr jd kdy vI sOdf ivvfd df ivsLlysLx kIqf jfieaf krygf, srkfr aqy pRsLfsLn dI ieh nfkfmI rVkdI rhygI.

          “pRymIaF” vloN ros pRdrsLn `qy vrHfeI geI zFg ipwCy kI mMqv sI jF ies ipwCy ikhVI qfkq jF qfkqF df hwQ sI ieh vI qlfisLaf jfxf cfhIdf hY. afKr pRymI acfnk hI qF zFgDfrI nhIN sn ho gey ajyhf krn vfsqy jLrUr koeI plfn aqy idmfg kMm krdf hovygf. “pRymIaF” dI ieh kfrvfeI aMgryjLI dI khfvq “ienslt tU ieMjurI” vflI gwl sI aqy ies nfl afm iswKF dy jLjLbfq BVkxy kudrqI hI sn pr pMjfb srkfr iPr avyslI bYTI sI aqy hPLqf Br avyslI hI bYTI rhI sI. pMjfb smyq Bfrq dy keI sLihrF ivwc ros pRdrsLnF mOky nMgIaF qlvfrF lihrfey jfxf vI iek afp muhfry vfpiraf vrqfrf nhIN jfpdf ies ipwCy vI kuJ ajyhIaF qfkqF df hwQ jfpdf hY jo pMjfb nMU asLFq vyKxf cfhuMdIaF hn. 

          jQydfr sihbfn vloN dmdmf sfihb aqy sRI akfl qKLq sfihb `qy swdIaF dovF iekwqrqfvF mOky vI BVkfht vflf mhOl bixaF irhf aqy iehnF iekqwrqfvF mOky kIqy gey aYlfn jF PYsly vI ies dI gvfhI Brdy hn. jQydfr sihbfn vloN aYlfnIaF geIaF zYzlfeInF, zyry bMd krn aqy pMjfb  bMd krn vrgy PYsly, Dfrimk Kyqr qoN bfhry PYsly hn ijhnF df asr bhuq gihrf aqy Gfiqk ho skdf hY. jQydfr sihbfn ny pMjfb bMd df aYlfn krky iek nvIN iprq pf idwqI hY ijs nMU jy Bfrq dy hor DrmF dy afgUaF ny awgy qor ilaf qF ies nfl dysL dy  Drm inrpwK lokrfj df jnfjLf inkl jfvygf. bhu-DrmI Bfrq ivwc aksr Dfrimk tkrfE dy sbwb bxdy rihMdy hn aqy ies iksm dy ivsPotk hflfq df lfB AuTfAux vfsqy rMg-brMgIaF isafsI aqy iPrkfpRsq qfkqF vI iqafr bYTIaF rihMdIaF hn.

          BVkfht aqy iKcfE BrpUr mhOl ivwc jQydfr sihbfn nMU vDyry sMjm qoN kMm lYxf cfhIdf sI. iehnF idnF ivwc ley gey PYsly dsdy hn ik jQydfr sihbfn kwtVpMQI iDrF vloN Kud BfrI dbfE hyT sn. kuJ ivsLlysLk ieh qrk vI dy rhy hn ik jQydfr sihbfn ny kwtVpMQIaF dy tfkry vfsqy hI ajyhf pYNqVf apxfieaf sI ikAuNik ‘swp mfrn aqy sotf bcfAux’ df hor koeI qrIkf nhIN sI bcdf. hux jd mhOl kuJ TMzf huMdf pRqIq huMdf hY qF jQydfr sihbfn vDyry qrksMgq phuMc apxf skdy hn pr ies bfry dfavy nfl kuJ nhIN afiKaf jf skdf ikAuNik BVkfht vfsqy iek icMgfrI hI kfPLI huMdI hY. ieh vI iDafn rwKxf pvygf ik ‘bldI `qy qyl pfAux’ vfilaF dI hr pfsy koeI kmI nhIN hY.

          pMjfb bMd nfl sUby df kroVF df nuksfn hoieaf hY, ividafrQIaF smyq afm lokF df jnjIvn burI qrF pRBfvfq hoieaf hY aqy sUby df “sLFq aks” vI DuMdlf hoieaf hY. zyZ ku dhfkf cwly dihsLqgrdI dy dOr ivwc pMjfb df pihlF hI bhuq nuksfn ho cukf hY aqy bhuq musLkl nfl afriQk invysL df mhOl pYdf hoieaf sI ijs  nMU iek vfr iPr hujkf vwjf hY. kMpnIaF dysL dIaF hox jF ivdysL dIaF, invysL vfsqy isafsI, afriQk aqy smfijk siQrqf qoN ibnF pYr nhIN puwtdIaF. aqy afriQk invysL qoN ibnF sUby dI qrwkI nhIN ho skdI qy ies nfl rujLgfr aqy jIvn pwDr dovyN hI nIvyN huMdy hn ijs df KimafjLf afKr ivwc afm lokF nMU Bugqxf pYNdf hY. sUby dy sLuBicMqkF nMU ajyhI qiQqI qoN icMqf hoxI kudrq gwl hY.

          jQydfr sihbfn vloN sUby ivwc zyry bMd krn dI zYWz lfeIn  27 meI idwqI hoeI hY jd ik ieh gwl Auh Kud vI jfxdy hn ik zyry bMd krny AuhnF dy aiDkfr Kyqr qoN bfhr dI gwl hY. iekwly jQydfrF dy hI nhIN ieh qF sUbf aqy Bfrq srkfr dy aiDkfr Kyqr qoN vI bfhr dI gwl hY. kfnMUn dy rfj ivwc hr Drm aqy iPrky nMU afpxy ivsLvfs muqfibk Dfrimk kfrj krn df hwk hY. jy hwk nhIN hY qF iksy dUjy dy ivsLvfs nMU cot phuMcfx df hwk nhIN hY. aqy zyrf swcf sOdf dy afgU ny jo kuqfhI kIqI hY Auh iswKF dy ivsLvfs nMU cot phuMcfx vflI hY ijs vfsqy Aus nMU bhuq jldI hI ibnF sLrq muafPI mMg lYxI cfhIdI sI.

          jQydfr sihbfn aqy sLRomxI kmytI vloN zyry bMd krn bfry jo ibafn jF aYlfn kIqy gey hn Auh vI bhuq spsLt nhIN hn aqy ieh aspsLtqf vI lokF ivwc hor BMblBUsf pYdf kr skdI hY. zyrvfd, bfbfvfd jF sMqvfd Bfrq aqy pMjfb ivwc koeI nvIN sLYa nhIN hY. BfrqI smfj ivwc sdIaF qoN sMqvfd df aihm sQfn irhf hY. vYidk kfl dy irsLIaF qoN BgqI lihr dy sMqF qwk keI ajyhIaF sKLsLIaqF pYdf hoeIaF hn ijhnF ny aiDafqmvfd ivwc Bfrq dy lokF df mfrgdrsLn kIqf hY.  sMqvfd Bfrq dy iksy iek Drm qwk sImq nhIN irhf aqy nf hI Bfrq dy iksy iek iKwqy qwk sImq irhf hY. Bfrq dy hr Kyqr aqy hr vrg aqy hr Drm ivwc smyN smyN anuBvI sMq pYdf hoey hn. awj dy iswK Drm df BgqI lihr dy sMqF aqy suPIaF nfl bhuq gihrf irsLqf hY.

          AuhnF mhfn sMqF aqy awj dy sMqF ivwc Prk ieh hY ik awj dy sMq ajoky smyN dIaF nvIn shUlqF ijvyN eyar kMzIsLn mrszIjL kfrF, eyar kMzIsLn bMgilaF, hvfeI jhfjLF aqy kroVF dIaF jfiedfdF df afnMd, afm duinafvI lokF nfloN vI vwD mfx rhy hn jd ik lokF nMU iqafg df JUTf sunyhF dy ky guMmrfh kr rhy hn. JUTy sMq qF kbIr, rvIdfs, nfnk aqy DMny dy vylyL vI jLrUr hoxgy pr AuhnF df dunIaF `qy nfm bfkI nhIN hY.

          ‘iksy nMU mFh rfs aqy iksy nMU vfdI’ dy aKfx muqfibk sMq ikhVf cMgf hY aqy ikhVf burf, zyrf ikhVf swcf hY aqy ikhVf JUTf, ieh mfpx vfsqy hr iksy dI afpxI afpxI ksvwtI hY. afpxI pwDr `qy ivsLvfs df PYslf krnf lokF df muZlf hwk vI hY aqy ieh hwk hr hflq ivwc bhfl vI rwiKaf jfxf cfhIdf hY. novyN gurU sRI gurU qyg bhfdr sfihb dI iqlk jMjU leI idwqI kurbfnI vI ies ivsLvfs dI ajLfdI `qy hI mohr lgfAuNdI  hY aqy ies muZly asUl nMU iksy vI sUrq ivwc Bfvukqf vws njLraMdfjL nhIN kIqf jfxf cfhIdf.

          zyrfvfd df vwD jfxf rfqo rfq nhIN vfpiraf ies dy jLrUr koeI Tos kfrn hoxgy. aqy zyrfvfd nMU kfbU krn dy cfhvfnF nMU iehnF kfrnf df pqf lgf ky ZukvF pYNqVf apxfAuxf pvygf qd hI ies dy sfriQk nqIjy inkl skxgy. zMzf, sotf, zr, BYa aqy zYWzlfeInF ies msly df hwl nhIN hn. dUjy dI lfeIn CotI krn vfsqy afpxI lfeIn vwzI iKwcxI dI nIqI vDyry Pldfiek sfbq hovygI. ieh vyKxf pvygf ik afKr zyry lokF nMU kI idMdy hn ijs kfrn lok iehnF vwl afkrsLq huMdy hn. ieh vI iDafn rwKxf cfhIdf hY ik zyry bMd krvfAux dI mMg “sIlYkitv” (coxvIN) vI nhIN ho skdI ik Plfxf zyrf TIk hY aqy Plfxf TIk nhIN hY. nfm qoN hI spsLt hY ik ‘sMq smfj’ nfm dI jQybMdI vI sMqF dI jQybMdI hY ijs dy jQydfr sihbfn nfl cMgy sbMD hn.

          gurmIq rfm rhIm isMG nfl kfnUMnI ZMg nfl nijwTx vfsqy Aus iKlfPL sI[ bI[ afeI[ dI jFc hI kfPLI hY. Aus iKlfPL zyry aMdr nOjvfn lVkIaF nfl kfmuk bdPYlI aqy kql dy sMgIn iksm dy kiQq ieljLfm hn ijhnF dI qPqIsL ibnF iksy pwKpqf dy pihl dy aDfr `qy kIqI jfxI cfhIdI hY. hflq ijs nfjLuk moV `qy phuMc geI hY Auh subfeI (hirafxf qy pMjfb) aqy kyNdr srkfrF qoN ZukvIN  kfrveI dI mMg krdI hY. gurmIq rfm rhIm isMG `qy lwgy dosLF dI qPLqIsL awgy “pRymIaF” dI BIV bMDn nhIN bnx idwqI jfxI cfhIdI. ies dy nfl hI kwtVvfd df vD oirhf bolbflf vI bhuq icMqfjnk vrqfrf hY.

-blrfj idEl

 


BfeIcfry dy aks nMU bcfAux vfsqy ihMsfvfd nMU nKyVnf jLrUrI

 

          30 meI, idn somvfr qoN jsits myjr dy kimsLn ny eyar ieMzIaf bMb kFz dI qPLqIsL dI kfrvfeI muV sLurU kIqI hY aqy bIqy do ku hPLiqaF ivwc bhuq sfry snsnIKyj qwQ bfhr afey hn. ieh gwl sfPL ho geI hY ik srkfr aqy surwiKaf eyjMsIaF nMU eyar ieMzIaf iKlfPL rcIaF jf rhIaF sfijsLF dI sUh bhuq smyN iml geI sI aqy ieh imlI vI keI vwK vwK sUqrF qoN sI pr iPr vI zukvyN bcfE pRbMD nhIN sn kIqy gey. jsits myjr bhuq qjrbykfr jwj hn aqy ieh kimsLn suxvfeI mukMml krn qoN bfad ijs vI nqIjy `qy phuMcygf Auh bhuq nfipaf qoilaf nqIjf hovygf.  iek gwl jo iehnF idnF ivwc spsLt ho geI hY Auh hY Es smyN dy mhOl dI qsvIr jd eyar ieMzIaf df bMb kFz vfpiraf sI. kYnyzf dy iswK BfeIcfry ivwc Es smyN qwq-qsIrIaF dI qUqI boldI sI aqy hflfq ies kdr Krfb sn ik kYnyzf dI KuPIaf pils nMU pMjfbI qrjLmfkfr vI nhIN sn iml rhy ijs kfrn keI kwtVpMQI KfilsqfnI iswK afgU dIaF rIkfrz kIqIaF geIaF Pon kflF rIkfrz kIqIaF hI rih geIaF aqy ieh pqf nf lgfieaf jf sikaf ik Auh kI sfijsLF rc rhy sn. iehnF ivwc qlivMdr isMG prmfr dIaF 100 dy krIb rIkfrz kIqIaF geIaF typF sn ijhnF nMU bfad ivwc knyzIan eyjMsI sIss ny Zfh (eIryjL kr) idwqf sI.

          cwl rhy grmI vfly mhOl ivwc KuPIaf eyjMsIaF vfsqy aMgryjLI-pMjfbI anuvfdkF dI kmI ies kdr sI ik jd iewk anuvfdk nMU lwB ilaf igaf qF Aus nMU sbMDq iemfrq dy ipCly drvfjLy rsqy aMdr-bfhr lYjfieaf jFdf sI. kfrn Aus dI surwiKaf sI qF ik iksy kwtVpMQI nMU ies anuvfdk bfry pqf nf lwg sky. svfl pYdf huMdf hY ik jy surwiKaf eyjMsIaF iek anuvfdk dI surwiKaf krn dy Xog nhIN sn qF Auh eyar ieMzIaf jMbo jYWt dI surwiKaf ikvyN kr skdIaF sn? ies qoN ieh vI spsLt ho jFdf hY ik surwiKaf eyjMsIaF nMU pqf sI ik KLqrf iks qfkq, iDr jF sMgTn vgYrf qoN hY.

          iek hor kys ivwc jd iek anuvfdk ny kuJ idn kMm krn qoN bfad acfnk asqIPLf dy idwqf qF kfrn puwCx `qy sbMD ivakqI ny eyjMsI nMU ies df kfrn kMnPlYkt afPL ieMtrYws (ihwqf df tkrfE) dwisaf. hor puwCx `qy sbMDq anuvfdk ny dwisaf ik ijs bMdy dI rIkfrizMg Aus nMU pMjfbI qoN aMgryjLI anuvfd vfsqy idwqI geI hY Auh Aus df kjLn (mfmy, qfey, cfcy vgYrf df puwq, Brf) hY. iehnF qwQF qoN pihlI vfr prdf cuwikaf jf irhf hY ik surwiKaf eyjMsIaF iks qrF dI musLkl siQqI df tfkrf kr rhIaF sn. ies dy bfvjUd surwiKaf qfxfbfxF hwQ `qy hwQ Dr ky vyKdf irhf jd ik iehnF cxOqIaF nMU vyKdy hoey KLqry df aihsfs vDxf cfhIdf sI aqy hor kfrgr surwiKaf pRbMD krn bfry pihl kdmI kIqI jfxI cfhIdI sI.

          aMgryjLI prYs dy nfl nfl pMjfbI pRYs ivwc vI eyar ieMzIaf qPqIsL bfry rporitMg ho rhI hY. ies rporitMg `qy ho rhI bihs ivwc ieh vI crcf ivwc afieaf hY ik awj surwiKaf eyjMsIaF ikMnf ku sqwrk hn aqy iswK BfeIcfry ivwc qwq-qsIrIey awj iks qrF ivcr rhy hn. bI[ sI[ dy sfbkf pRImIar aqy sfbkf PYzrl ilbrl mMqrI sRI AuWjl dosFJ ny bIqy hPLqy ies nMU iDafn ivwc rwKdy hoey aprYl dy sLurU ivwc srI ivwc hoey ivsfKI ngr kIrqn ivwc kuJ dihsLqgrdF dIaF qsvIrF lgfey jfx dy mfmly dI qPLqIsL dI mMg kIqI hY. sRI dosFJ dI ieh mMg bhuq hI ZukvIN mMg hY ikAuNik ivsfKI ngr kIrqn iek Dfrimk iekwT hY ijs nMU iswKF dy Dfrimk adfry aXojq krdy hn jo ik “tYks-Cot” vfly adfry hn. srkfr iehnF adfiraF nMU KrfieqI drjf ies aDfr `qy idMdI hY ik ieh lokF dIaF Dfrimk loVF pUrIaF krdy hn. dUjy pfsy ijhnF dIaF qsvIrF lgfeIaF geIaF sn AuhnF `qy keI keI drjn lokF dy kql krn dosL lgdy hn Kfs kr qlivMdr isMG prmfr `qy ijs nMU eyar ieMzIaf bMb kFz df ‘sfijsLGfVf’ qslIm kIqf jf cuwkf hY aqy ies dUhry bMb kFz ivwc 331 bydosLy mfry gey sn ijhnF ivwc bhuqy BfrqI ipCokV dy knyzIan sLihrI sn. aprYl 29 nMU torFto ivwc hoey ivsfKI ngr kIrqn ivwc vI “Kfilsqfn” df Plot sLfml kIqf igaf sI aqy bYtrilivMg sYNtr dI styj dy ipwCy vI “Kfilsqfn” df bYnr lgfieaf igaf sI. istI hfl vflI styj qoN ieh bYnr gfieb sI ijs df asl kfrn qF pRbMDk swjx hI jfxdy hoxgy pr ies bfry keI qrF dIaF aPLvfhF sunx nMU imlIaF hn.

          jd aMgryjLI prYs ivwc ajyhIaF GtnfvF dI crcf huMdI hY qF kuJ lokF nMU ieh suKfvIN nhIN lgdI. kYnyzf ivwc pnp rhI pMjfbI pRYs nMU qF lflc jF BYa nfl ajyhI rpooritMg krn qoN roikaf jf skdf hY pr aMgryjLI pRYs `qy ajyhy pRBfv kMm nhIN kr skdy. swc qF ieh hY ik aMgryjLI pRYs `qy ajyhy pRBfv Aultf asr kr skdy hn. jd kdy koeI ies qrF dIaF “grm” hrkqF dI crcf krdf hY qF kuJ clfk lok Jwt ieh bhfnf awgy kr idMdy hn ik ies qrF dI rporitMg nfl iswK bdnfm ho rhy hn. kuJ ies qrF df svfl hI torFto dy iek pMjfbI mIzIafkfr ny sRI AuWjl dosFJ nMU kr idwqI sI jo sLfied afpxy lMgotIey XfrF nMU KusL krn vfsqy  kIqf igaf sI. sRI dosFJ ny bhuq zukvF AuWqr dy ky ies swjx df mUMh bMd kr idwqf sI.

          eyar ieMzIaf sfijsL dy byprd hox nfl iswK BfeIcfry dy aks nMU nhIN, sgoN aFc AuhnF sMgTnf aqy lokF dy aks nMU afvygI jo ies iGnOxI sfijsL df jF qF ihwsf sn aqy jF ies dI prdfposLI bIqy 22 ku sfl qoN krdy af rhy hn. BfeIcfry dy aks df bhfnf lgf ky 331 kqlF dy ksUrvfrF nMU bcfAux dI koisLsL krn vfly BfeIcfry dy aks dy rfKy nhIN smJy jfxy cfhIdy. BfeIcfry dy aks nMU bcfAux vfsqy ihMsfvfd nMU nKyVnf jLrUrI hY. ihMsfvfd iksy vI smwisaf df hwl nhIN hY aqy ieh rsqf awj dy swiBak smfj nMU pRvfn hI nhIN hY.

 

pMjfb ivwc ihMsk toilaF df bolbflf:

          zyrf swcf sOdf dy sMcflk gurmIq rfm rhIm isMG vloN rcy gey prpMc kfrn ies hPLqy dy sLurU ivwc pYdf hoey hflfq hux pUrf ihMsk rUp Dfrn kr gey hn aqy mfmlf pMjfb qoN bfhr Bfrq dy hr iswK vwsoN vfly sLihr qwk phuMc igaf hY. isrsf vfly zyry dy nfm nfl msLhUr swcf sOdf aqy ies df sMcflk gurmIq rfm rhIm isMG pMjfb dy rfjsI aqy Dfrimk mhOl ivwc koeI nvF nhIN hY. aksr hr rfjsI ivcfrDfrf dy afgU swcf sOdf sMgTn dIaF votF hfsl krn vfsqy zyry dy gyVy mfrdy rhy hn. iehnF rfjsI afgUaF ivwc pMjfb dy mjUd mwuK mMqrI aqy AuhnF df dl vI sLfml hY aqy sfbkf muwK mMqrI aqy AuhnF dI pfrtI vI sLfml hY jo ik dovyN hI pMjfb dIaF pRmuwK rfjsI pfrtIaF hn.

          ipClIaF coxF ivwc mflvy dy Kyqr ivwc swcf sOdf zyry ny nMgy icwty rUp ivwc kFgrs dy hwk ivwc Bugq ky PYslfkun rol adf kIqf sI ijs nfl kFgrs drjun ku qoN vwD ajyhIaF sItF ijwqx ivwc kfmXfb ho geI sI jo AuNJ sLfied hfr hI jFdI. gurmIq rfm rhIm isMG `qy keI qrF dy dosL lwg cuwky hn ijhnF ivwc iewk kql dI sfijsL df vI dosL hY ijs dI sI[ bI[ afeI[ jFc cwl rhI hY. zyrydfr ies jFc qoN bcx dI qrkIb icrF qoN GV irhf hovygf aqy bhuqy ivsLlysLkF muqfibk coxF vyly kFgrs dy hwk ivwc Bugqxf vI ies qrkIb df hI iek ihwsf sI. coxF qoN bfad ijwQy akflI dl ny zyry dy iKlfP,L kFgrs df pwK pUrn Kfqr guwsy df iejLhfr kIqf sI AuWQy kfgrs dy afgUaF ny zyrydfr aqy pRymIaF dI hr qrF nfl rfKI krn dy ibafn dfgy sn. biTMzf ivwc ies zyrydfr ny jd kiQq aMimRq (jLfmy iensF) df azMbr ricaf sI, ijs kfrn sfrf ivvfd sLurU hoieaf qF kFgrs dy keI afgU pRymIaF ivwc mjUd sn.  pRymIaF ny sLFqIpUrn ivroD kr rhy 20 dy krIb inhwQy iswKF `qy hmly vI kIqy aqy puils qy srkfrI vfhnF nMU vI nuksfn phuMcfieaf.  juvfb ivwc iswKF dy aMdr icrF qoN mOky dI qfV ivwc bYTy kwtpMQIaF nMU suinhrI mOkf iml igaf aqy AuhnF afm iswKF dy jjLbfqF nMU BVkfAux ivwc koeI ksr bfkI nhIN CwzI. iswtf ieh inkilaf ik hux hflfq bykfbU huMdy njLr af rhy hn aqy hr pfsy nMgIaF qlvfrF lihrf rhy ihMsk toilaF df bolbflf ho igaf hY qy “pRymI” vI zFgF nfl afpxy pRym df mujLhfrf kr rhy hn. pMjfb nMU ihMsfvfd dy pRCfvyN qoN bcfAux vfsqy pMjfb aqy Bfrq srkfr nMU sKLq qy ZukvIN kfrvfeI krn ivwc hor kuqfhI nhIN krnI cfhIdI qy swB isafsI iDrF aqy lokF nMU Dfrimk Bfvkuqf qoN mukq ho ky amn bhflI leI Xqn krny cfhIdy hn.        

  -blrfj idEl

 

 


eyar ieMzIaf bMb kFz: sfijsL dy nfl nfl hI byprd ho rhI hY ‘kvr-ap’?

 

          30 aprYl, idn somvfr nMU bryk qoN bafd muV sLurU hoeI jsits myjr kimsLn dI suxvfeI ny iehnF kuJ idnF ivwc eyny Byd Aujfgr kr idwqy hn ijMny nf qF kYnyzf dy ieiqhfs dy swB qoN vwD mihMgy eyar ieMzIaf bMb kFz dy adflqI kys ivwc Aujfgr hoey sn aqy nf hI bIqy kul 22 sflF ivwc hoey hn. jsits myjr vloN dbfE pfey jfx qoN bfad hfrpr srkfr ny keI Auh dsqfvyjL kimsLn sfhmxy rwK idwqy hn ijhnF nMU “tfp sIkrt” afK ky bMd (sIl) kIqf hoieaf sI.

          iehnF sIkrt dsqfvyjLF aqy kimsLn sfhmxy pysL hoey gvfhF ny jo dwisaf hY Aus qoN spsLt ho jFdf hY ik eyar ieMzIaf jMbo jYWt nMU qbfh kr dyx dI sfijLsL bfry gupq sUqrf qoN cyqfvnIaF keI, spsLt, aqy smyN isr imlIaF sn pr kIqf kuJ nf igaf ijs kfrn 329+2 jfnF cly geIaF sn aqy iksy nMU vI ies kqlyafm vfsqy slfKF ipwCy nhIN sI zwikaf jf sikaf. bMbGfVy dy qOr `qy jfxy jFdy ieMdrjIq isMG irafq nMU Cwz ky  hor iksy nMU jylLH nhIN hoeI. irafq nMU pihlF nrIqf hvfeI awzy vfly bMb kFz ivwc “mYn slftr” cfrj hyT sjLf hoeI sI aqy iPr eyar ieMzIaf bMb kFz ivwc, bMb bxfAux ivwc afpxf rol kbUl lYx kfrn Aux nMU 5 sfl hor sjLf hoeI sI jo Auh ajy Bugq irhf hY. kul 331 kqlF vfsqy ieh koeI ZukvIN sjLf nhIN hY pr adflqF Tos sbUqF qoN ibnF kr kuJ nhIN skdIaF. ieh qF KusLiksmqI sI ik dUjf bMb jpfn dy nrIqf hvfeI awzy `qy smfn vflI bwgI ivwc hI Pt igaf sI. jy ieh smfn bMb smyq nrIqf qoN idwlI jfx vfly eyar ieMzIaf jMbo ivwc lwidaf jFdf qF jfnI nuksfn hor vI bhuq ho jfxf sI.

          jsits myjr kimsLn sfhmxy puils dy muKbr gYrI buzrflt  ny afiKaf hY ik Aus nMU eyar ieMzIaf jhfjL ivwc bMb rwKx vfsqy vwKvfdI dihsLqgrdF ny 2 lwK zflr dyx dI afPLr kIqI sI aqy nfl hI bfrUd aqy hiQafr hfsl krn vfsqy vI mdd mMgI sI. gYrI ny ieh gwl KuPIaf puils qwk pwujdI kr idwqI sI pr ies `qy kfrvfeI koeI nf hoeI ijs kfrn ieh Tos sUh vI BMg dy BfVy geI. jy puils gYrI vloN dwsy nfvF vfly ivakqIaF df ipwCf krdI qF sfjsLLIaF nMU rMgy hwQIN PVn ivwc kfmXfb ho skdI sI.

          vYnkUvr puils dy sfbkf aPLsr zon mklIn ny kimsLn nMU dwisaf hY ik Aus ny afr[ sI[ aYm[ pI[ aqy sIss dovF nMU hI  disLqgrdF dI iek mIitMg ivwc hoeI kfrvfeI dI sUh idwqI sI jo Aus nMU ies mIitMg ivwc hfjLr Aus dy iewk sUhIey ny idwqI sI. ies ivwc iek ivakqI ny igLlf kIqf sI ik koeI aYksLn nhIN ho irhf aqy koeI kONsl jnrl jF aMbYszr mfiraf nhIN igaf qF dUjy ivakqI ny do hPLqy dy ivwc kuJ hovygf df ivsLvfs dvfieaf sI. ieh sUh vI DrI DrfeI rih geI ieh bMb kFz hoieaf vI ies mIitMg dy do ku hPLqy dy bfad hI sI.

          EntyrIE dy lYPtInYNt gvrnr sRI brtlmYn ny qF afpxI gvfhI smyN srkfr aqy KuPIaf qMqr dI axgihlI df BFzf hI BMn idwqf hY. sRI brtlmYn muqfibk bMb kFz smyN Auh ivdysL ivBfg ivwc KuPIaf jfxkfrI dy anYlyiss ivMg df iencfrj sI aqy TIk 18 jUn nMU Aus ny iek ajyhf KuPIaf dsqfvyjL vyiKaf sI ijs ivwc eyar ieMzIaf jMbo nMU 22-23 jUn nMU nuksfny jfx df ijLkr kIqf igaf sI. ieh dsqfvyjL iksy “eIlYktrfink ieMtrsYpt”`qy aDfirq dwisaf igaf hY. sMBv hY ik ieh iksy Pon vfrqf jF iksy mIitMg dI tYipMg (rIkfrizMg) hovy. sRI brtlmYn ieh dsqfvyjL lY ky lgdy hwQ hI KuPIaf puils dI Es mIitMg ivwc cly gey sn ijs ivwc KfilsqfnI disLqgrdF  dIaF nklo-hrkqF bfry ivcfr kIqf jf irhf sI. mOky `qy hfjLr afr[ sI[ aYm[ pI[ dy aflfH aPLsr nMU brtlmYn df ieh dKLl Bfieaf nhIN sI aqy Aus JfV ky vfps Byj idwqf igaf sI. afr[ sI[ aYm[ pI[ aPLsr ny ieh mMn ilaf sI ik Aus nMU ies dsqfvyjL df pqf hY aqy afpxI jfb krn df vI pqf hY. ies qoN pMjvyN idn hI eyar ieMzIaf jMbo jYWt awD asmfny dihsLqgrdF dy bMb Dmfky df isLkfr ho ky 329 musfPrF smyq KwKVIaf ho ky smuMdr ivwc izwg ipaf sI. sRI brtlmYn vflf ieh KuPIaf dsqfvyjL hux srkfrI irkfrz ivcoN gfieb hY ijs dI kfpI KuPIaf puils kol vI sI.

          sRI brtlmYn dy 1985 vfly bfs aqy izptI mMqrI gorzn simQ ny ies dsqfvyjL bfry aigafnqf pRgt kIqI hY aqy eyar ieMzIaf nMU iksy pwkI DmkI dI suh qoN vI ienkfr kIqf hY. sRI gorzn simQ ny ieh jLrUr mMinaF hY ik kYnyzf ivwc mhOl Bfrq pRqI DmkIaF Biraf bixaF hoieaf sI. dihsLqgrdF vloN kYnyzf dy qwqkflIn pRDfn mMqrI mlrUnI, sbvya aqy hor iemfrqF nMU nuksfn phuMcfey jfx dI DmkI dyx vflf pwqr vI kimsLn nMU pihlI vfr ivKfieaf igaf hY.

          nvIN idwlI ivwc Es smyN dy kYnyzf dy hfeI kimsLnr sRI ivlIam vfrzn ny kimsLn sfhmxy pysL ho ky dwisaf hY ik Bfrq srkfr lgfqr kYnyzf srkfr dI dihsLqgrdF iKlfPL nrm nIqI df ivroD krdI rhI sI aqy ies bfry ivdysL ivBfg nMU jfxU krvfAudf af irhf sI. Aus ny ieh Kulfsf vI kIqf hY ik Bfrq srkfr ies qoN bhuq KPLf sI aqy  Aus ny afp aftvf af ky srkfr nMU ies qoN jfxU krvfieaf sI.

          eyar ieMzIaf ny vI knyzIan eyjMsIaF nMU sMBfvI hmly bfry keI vfr iliKaf sI pr knyzIan eyjMsIaF ies nMu muPLq ivwc vwD sikAurtI lYx df qrIkf hI smJdIaF jF dwsdIaF rhIaF sn.

          knyzIan KuPIaf qMqr dI axgihlI nMU AuKfV suwtx vflf gvfh ikbYk puils df aPLsr srjy kirgnfn hY ijs nMU ies hfdsfgRsq jMbo jYWt dI, bMb dI sLwk kfrn qlfsLI lYx vfsqy ivsPot suMGx vfly kuwqy smyq 22 jUn rfq nMU mFtrIal dy hvfeI awzy `qy swidaf igaf sI. ies dy arko nfm dy kuwqy qoN 3 sLwkI sUt kys suMGfey vI gey sn qy iehnF ivwc ivsPot nhIN sn pfey gey. pr jhfjL df bfkI sfmfn ies ‘sinPLr-zfg’ nMU suMGfieaf nf igaf aqy jhfjL ibnF ivsqrq src dy mFtrIal qoN Auz lYx idwqf igaf. pMj ku GMty bfad hI kfrgo kMpfrtmYNt ivwc bMb Dmfky kfrn ieh jMbo 329 aBfigaF smyq mlby df Zyr bx ky smuMdr ivwc izwg ipaf sI. hfdsy dI KLbr imldy sfr hI ies aPLsr nMU ieh aihsfs ho igaf sI ik jy kuqfhI nf vrqI geI huMdI qF ieh hfdsf tfilaf jf skdf sI.

          ieh kuJ ku Kfs gvfhIaF hn jo kimsLn sfhmxy Tos jfxkfrI lY ky pysL hoeIaF hn. ajy hor vI bhuq suxvfeI hoxI bfkI hY aqy KojI pwqrkfr pysL kIqy gey dsqfvyjLF dI puxCfx kr rhy hn. sfbkf pRImIar aqy PYzrl mMqrI sRI Aujl dosFJ ny ies Gtnfkrm `qy iqwKF pRqIkrm idwqf hY. AuhnF ikhf hY ik jy ikqy ies jhfjL ivwc “icwty rMg” dy 329 musfPLr mry huMdy qF srkfr df pqIkrm bhuq vwKrf hoxf sI aqy AuhnF dy ies kQn ivwc bhuq vjLn ivKfeI idMdf hY.

          hYrfnI qF ies gwl dI hY ik hfdsy smyN kMsrvtv pRDfn mMqrI sRI mlrUnI dI srkfr sI aqy jo axgihlI ies srkfr ny ivKfeI sI Es nMU ilbrlF ny 13 sfl dy rfjkfl ivwc jfrI rwiKaf sI. qfkq ivwc afAux qoN pihlF qPLqIsL krvfAux df vfadf kr vI ilbrl ies kFz dI qPLqIsL krvfAuxoN mukr gey sn qy lgfqfr bhfinaF hyT mukrdy hI rhy hn. jy lok ilbrlF dIaF qfrF ikqy hor juVIaF hoeIaF hox df sLwk krn qF ies leI ilbrlF dI pfilsI hI ksUrvfr hY.

          jd eyar ieMzIaf bMb kFz dy adflqI kys ivwcoN milk aqy bfgVI brI ho gey qF iPr vI ilbrl qPqIsL kimsLn df gTn krn qoN Bwj gey sn jd ik pihlF Auh cl rhy adflqI kys df bhfnf ieh afK ky lgfAuNdy af rhy sn ik kimsLn ies ivwc bMDn bxygf. smyN dI ilbrl mMqrYx bIbI aYn mYklYnn ny qPLqIsL qoN sfPL ienkfr kr idwqf sI.  ieh mfritn srkfr `qy ipaf aQfh dbfE hI sI ijs kfrn bfb rya nMU ies bfry CfxbIx kr ky srkfr nMU isPLfrsL krn dI ijLmyvfrI sONpI geI sI.  qjrbykfr isafsqdfn aqy sfbkf pRImIar sRI rya ny srkfr nMU ies bMb kfZ dI qPqIsL dI hfmI Br idwqI sI aqy jd qwk ilbrl swqf qoN  vI hUMJy gey sn. hfrpr srkfr ny afpxf vfadf qurMq pUrf kridaF jsits myjr df  kimsLn ibTf idwqf sI jo hux ies sfijsL nMU byprd kr irhf hY. kimsLn sfhmxy bMb kFz dI sfijsL dy nfl nfl ies bMb kFz dI ‘kvr-ap’ vI byprd hoxI sLurU ho geI hY.

-blrfj idEl

 


kimsLn sfhmxy eyar ieMzIaf bMb kFz dI sfijsL dy Byd Kuwl rhy hn

          1985 ivwc eyar ieMzIaf dI PlfeIt 182 nMU awD asmfny bMb nfl Auzf ky 329 byksUr musfPLrF smyq qbfh krn dI Gtnf dI sfijsL 22 sfl bfad jsits myjr dy kimsLn sfhmxy byprd hoxI sLurU ho geI hY. ies somvfr nMU ies iek mYNbrI kimsLn dI suxvfeI sLurU hox qoN bfad bhuq sfry snsnIKyj Byd Kuwly hn. AuNJ BfvyN dUhry hvfeI bMb kFz ivwc ieMdrjIq isMG irafq nMU sjLf ho cuwkI hY aqy Auh ajy vI ies sjLf df afKrI ihsf Bugq irhf hY pr ies sfijsL nfl sbMDq hor ivakqIaF nMU ajy qwk byprd nhIN kIqf jf sikaf. irafq nMU pihlF jpfn dy nrIqf  hvfeI awzy `qy smfn ivwc hoey bMb Dmfky ivwc ksUrvfr pfieaf igaf sI ijs ivwc 2 jpfnI kulI (bYgyjL hYNzlr) mfry gey sn aqy iPr PlfeIt 182 dy bMb kFz dI sfijLsL ivwc bMb bxfAux ivwc shfeI hox df iekbfl kr lYx qoN bfad 5 sfl hor sjLf suxfeI geI sI.

          kYnyzf dy ieiqhfs ivwc swB qoN mihMgy ies kys ivwc srkfrI iDr nMU afs sI ik irafq afpxI gvfhI vyly sfjsLIaF dy Byd Kohl dyvygf pr adflq ivwc irafq ny ies bfry aigafnqf pRgt kIqI sI ijs `qy pRqIkrm idMidaF jwj ny Aus nMU JUTf afiKaf sI. adflq ivwc swc  dwsx qoN asPLl rihx qoN bfad irafq nMU iPr cfrj kr ilaf igaf sI aqy ies kys dI suvfeI ajy bfkI hY. bMb bxfAux aqy jMgl ivwc tYst krn ivwc irafq ny afpxf rol mMn lYx dy nfl nfl ieh vI mMinaF sI ik vrqy gey afKrI do bMb bxfAux vfsqy iek ivakqI EntyrIE qoN ilaFdf igaf sI jo ieMdrjIq isMG irafq dy Gr Tihiraf sI pr Aus df nfm irafq nMU pqf nhIN hY. adflqI kys ivwc ies ivakqI nMU imstr ‘aYks” df nfm idwqf igaf hY.

          PlfeIt 182 dy kys ivwc cfrj kIqy gey ajYb isMG bfgVI aqy irpudmn isMG milk nMU sbUqF dI Gft kfrn brI kr idwqf igaf sI aqy sRI milk ny ies asPl kys vfsqy srkfr `qy kys krn df aYlfn vI kIqf sI. ies kys ivwc dihsLgrd sMgTn bbr Kflsf dy afgU qlivMdr isMG prmfr dI insLfn dyhI pRmuK sfjsLI dy qOr `qy kIqI geI hY jo 1992 ivwc pMjfb ivwc puils hwQoN mfiraf igaf sI. isK BfeIcfry ivwc ajy vI kuJ lok ies drdnfk bMb kFz bfry ibnF isr pYr gwlF kr rhy hn. qlivMdr isMG prmfr nMU ajy kuJ hPLqy pihlF hI srI dy ivsfKI ngr kIrqn mOky “sLhId” dwsx dI koisLsL kIqI geI hY ijs df kYnyzf ivwc sKLq pRqIkrm hoieaf hY.

          kuJ lokF dI cuwp kfrn ijwQy eyar ieMzIaf bMb kFz df adflqI kys sbUqF dI Gft kfrn iksy sfijsLI nMU nMgf nhIN sI kr sikaf AuWQy  jsits myjr df kimsLn sfijsL aqy puils dI axgihlI sbMDI aihm Byd jLfhr krn ivwc kfmXfb huMdf njLr af irhf hY. pRDfn mMqrI sRI hfrpr ny coxF qoN pihlF ajyhf kimsLn bxfAux df vfadf kIqf sI aqy AuhnF ieh vfad qurMq pUrf kIqf hY. nfl hI hfrpr srkfr ny Auh dsqfvyjL vI kimsLn sfhmxy pysL kr idwqy hn jo pihlF KuPIaf eyjMsIaF ny “tfp-sIkrt” grdfn ky adflqI kys smyN vI pysL nhIN sn kIqy. BfvyN srkfr ny jsits myjr vloN afpxf kMm bMd kr dyx dI DmkI dyx bfad hI ieh dsqfvyjL jfrI kIqy hn pr ieMJ krn nfl ies kimsLn dy kMm ivwc vjLndfr qbdIlI afeI hY.

          ies hPLqy hux qwk pysL hoey gvfhF ny sfbq kr idwqf hY ik AuhnF ny puils nMU vwK vwK pwDr `qy ies sfijLsL bfry keI mhIny pihlF jfxkfrI dy idwqI sI pr sbMDq aiDkfrIaF ny ies nMU sMjIdgI nfl nhIN sI ilaf. kimsLn sfhmxy ies hPLqy eyar ieMzIaf vloN kYnyzf srkfr nMU iksy kiQq sfijsL bfry afgfh krn vfsqy ByjI geI tYlks df ijLkr kIqf igaf hY jo afpxy afp ivwc hI sKLq ihPfjLqI pRbMD krn vfsqy kfPLI hoxI cfhIdI sI.

          vYnkUvr dy rItfier ho cuwky puils aPLsr sRI zfn mklIn ny jsits myjr dy kimsLn nMU afpxI gvfhI ivwc bMb kFz qoN 11 idn pihlF 12 julfeI 1985 nMU vYnkUvr dy iek Gr ivwc hoeI iek imlxI df ijLkr kIqf hY ijs ivwc 10 dy krIb “KfilsqfnI” hfjLr sn. ies mOky iek hfjLr ivakqI puwCdf hY, “koeI kONsl jnrl, koeI aMbYszr mfiraf nhIN igaf, qusIN kI kr rhy ho?” dUjy df juvfb hY, “qusIN do hPLqy ivwc kuJ hoieaf vyKogy.” puils aPLsr sRI zfn mklIn ny ieh jfxkfrI afr[ sI[ aYm[ pI[ aqy sIss dovF surwiKaf eyjMsIaF nMU phuMcf idwqI sI pr dovF eyjMsIaF ny hI ies nMU pfsy rwK idwqf aqy koeI aYksLn nf ilaf. vYnkUvr dy zrwg dy DMdy ivwc ivasq gYrI nfm dy puils muKLbr ny vI kimsLn nMU dwisaf hY ik Aus nMU 1984 ivwc keI mulkfqF ivwc kuJ dihsLqgrdF ny eyar ieMzIaf jhfjL ivwc bMb rwKx vfsqy 2 lwK zflr dyx dI pysLksL kIqI sI aqy hiQafrF qy DmfkfKyj smwgrI dI mMg kIqI sI. Aus ny vI puils nMU ieh jfxkfrI puwjdI kIqI sI pr ies nMU vI sMjIdgI nfl nhIN sI ilaf igaf.

          EntyrIE sUby dy lYPLtInYt gvnr sRI jymjL brtlmYn ny vIrvfr nMU imsLn sfhmxy snsnIKyj pRgtfvf kridaF ikhf hY ik bMb kFz qoN kuJ idn pihlF Aus ny ajyhf dsqfvyjL vyiKaf sI ijs ivwc ikhf igaf sI ik eyar ieMzIaf PlfeIt Esy hPqfaMq `qy hmly df insLfnf bxfey jfx vflI hY.  sRI jymjL brtlmYn Es smyN ivdysL ivBfg ivwc ieMtYlIjMs anYlyisjL ivBfg df ieMcfrj sI aqy Aus nMU ieh dsqfvyjL 18 jUn nMU pysL kIqI geI ivBfgI brIiPMg ivwc idwqf igaf sI. Auh ieh dsqfvyjL lY ik afr sI aYm pI dI Auc pwDrI mIitMg ivwc jf phuMicaf sI ijs ivwc dihsLqgrdF dIaF hrkqF bfry ivcfr kIqf jf irhf sI. sRI jymjL muqfibk afr sI aYm pI dy AuWc aPLsr ny awgoN ikhf sI ik Aus ny ies dsqfvyjL nMU pihlF hI vyiKaf hoieaf sI aqy ieh vI afiKaf ik Aus nMU dwsx dI loV nhIN hY qy afpxI jfb iks qrF krnI hY, ies df Aus nMU pqf hY. sRI jymjL nMU afs sI ik afr sI aYm pI loVINdI kfrvfeI krygI pr pqf Es smyN hI lwgf jd jhfjL bMb Dmfky nfl qbfh kr idwqf igaf. “dyr afey drusq afey” dy aKfx vFg kimsLn df gTn aqy BydF df Kulxf dyr nfl hI shI, afKr Kul qF irhf hY.

-blrfj idEl

 


ikEto df rfg alfpx vfly ilbrl lokF nMU guMmrfh kr rhy hn!

          hfrpr srkfr ny afKr afpxI ‘grIn plfn’ pysL kr idwqI hY ijs dI icrF qoN AuzIk kIqI jf rhI sI. ies qoN pihlF srkfr vloN pyysL kIqf igaf ‘klIn eyar aYkt’ ivroDI iDr dI hwTDrmI kfrn ibwl dy rUp ivwc hI Es smyN mrn iknfry puwj igaf sI jd ivroDI iDr ny kmytI pwDr `qy ies ivwc drjnF qbdIlIaF kr ky ies df hulIaf hI ivgfV idwqf sI. iehnF qbdIlIaF kfrn srkr ny ies nMU afrzr pypr `qy mr lYx dyx df mn bxf ilaf ikAuNik jy ies nMU iehnF qbdIlIaF sihq kfnUMn df rUp dy idwqf jFdf `qF ies nMU lfgU krn nfl dysL ivwc afriQk mMdvfVf af skdf sI.  srkfr df dfavf sI ik dysL dI afriQkqf eyzI vwzI kwt aqy eynI jldI shfrn jogI nhIN hY qy ies qrF krn nfl lokF dI rojI-rotI `qy BYVf asr pY skdf hY.

          vfqfvrx pRdUsLx aqy kiQq grIn hfAUs gYsF rfqo rfq pYdf nhIN  hoeIaF aqy nf hI iehnF ivwc rfqo rfq ktOqI kIqI jf skdI hY. jy ajyhf ho skdf huMdf qF 1997 ivcw ikEto `qy dsqKq krn vfly ilbrlF ny bIqy 9 sflF ivwc jLurUr kuJ kr ivKfAuxf sI. rfjBfg vyly kuJ nf kr skx vfly ilbrl hux ivroDI iDr ivwc bYTy bhuqy “grIn” ho ky ivKf rhy hn sLfied eysy kfrn hI ilbrl afgU sRI izEN ny grIn pfrtI dI afgU nfl isfafsI-pRym pING pf leI hY. dysL dIaF iqMny ivroDI pfrtIaF ies mfmly `qy srkfr nMU ksUqI PsfAux df Xqn kr rhIaF sn pr hfrpr srkfr ny aYsy vfady krn qoN sfPL ienkfr kr idwqf hY ijhnF nMU jF qF pUrf krnf musLkl sI aqy jF pUrf krn nfl afriQk mMdvfVf af skdf hY. hYrfnI dI gwl ieh hY ik ies mfmly `qy lybr XUnIan afgU sRI bwjL hfrgrob ilbrlF dy iKlfPL aqy kMsrvtv pfrtI dI soc dy hwk ivwc hn. AuhnF keI vfr afiKaf hY ik ikEto dy tIcy dysL ivwc mMdvfVy df kfrn bxngy aqy lwKF kfmy afpxIaF nOkrIaF gvF bYTxgy. ies nfl vI ilbrl, aYn zI pI aqy blfk dy kMnF `qy jUM nhIN sI srkI aqy AuhnF ikEto dI rwt jfrI rwKI hY.

          hfrpr srkfr ny afpxI Tos grIn hfAUs plfn pysL krn df vfadf kIqf sI aqy AuhnF awj ieh pysL kr idwqI hY ijs hyT knyzIan ieMzstrI 3 sflF ivwc 18% grIn  hfAUs gYsF Gwt krygI. ieh koeI mfmUlI tIcf nhIN hY aqy ies nMU pUrf krn vfsqy keI iblIan zflr Krc afAuxgy. vwzy vwzy tIcy imQxy afsfn hn pr pUry krn musLkl huMdy hn ijhf ky ilbrlF dy ikEto aml qoN sihjy hI aMdfjLf lgfieaf jf skdf hY.  vfqvrx mMqrI sRI byarz ny afiKaf hY ik AuhnF dI plfn ikEto tIcf lyt pUrf krygI pr krygI jLrUr ikAuNik ieh iek pUrI krI jf skx vflI plfn hY. AuhnF ikhf ik ieh aslI plfn hY ijs nMU pUrf kIqf jf skdf hY. AuhnF ikhf ik mYN ajyhy vfady nhIN krnf cfhuMdf jo pUry nf kIqy jf skdy hox. ies plfn nfl afrIQkqf nMU sfl ivwc 7-8 iblIan df Krcf pvygf pr jfb-lfs Gwto Gwt hwd qwk sImq rwiKaf jf skygf. ies nfl sfl 2020 qwk grIn hfAus gYsF dI pYdfvfr ivwc 150 imlIan twn dI ktOqI jf skygI. sfl 2010 qwk ieMzstrI 18% ktOqI krygI aqy iPr hr sfl 2% dI ktOqI jfrI rwKygI.

          ilbrl, aYn zI pI aqy blfk iqMn hI ivroDI pfrtIaF ny ies plfn dI nukqfcInI kIqI hY aqy ikEto nMU pUrf krn dI gwl afKI hY ijs dy juvfb ivwc mMqrI byarz ny ikhf hY ik AuhnF dI plfn ikEto tIcf pUrf krdI hY pr hux 1997 nhIN hY jy 1997 huMdf qF qYa smyN ivwc hI ikEto tIcf pUrf kIqf jf skdf sI. AuhnF ikhf ik bIqy 10 sflF ivwc kuJ vI nf krn vfsqy Auh aqy AuhnF dI srkfr ijMLmyvfr nhIN hY sgoN ilbrl ijLmyvfr hn ijhnF ikEto `qyy aml krn vfsqy koeI kdm nhIN sI cuwikaf. vfqfvrx nMU isrPL votF btorn df sfDn nhIN smJxf cfhIdf sgoN  ies dI jLrUrq aqy aihmIaq nMU smJ ky Tos Auprfly krny cfhIdy hn.  lokF ivwc vfqvrx sbMDI jfgrqI jLrUr afeI hY pr “grIn lihr” lokF nMU ajy vI kiQq grIn-hfAUs gYsF aqy pRdUsLx dy mfmly ivwc BMblBUsy ivwc rwK rhI hY. ilbrl ies plfn df ivroD qF kr hI rhy hn aqy lokF ivwc hyTly pwDr qwk ies df ivroD krn vfsqy pRgt vI hoxgy. ajyhy mOky ilbrlF qoN iek gwl jLrUr puwCxI bxdI hY ik AuhnF ikEto nMU 9 sfl lfgU ikAuN nf kIqf? aqy vfqfvrx dy mfmly ivwc ikEto sMDI `qy shI pfAux qoN ibnF AuhnF dI hor pRfpqI kI hY? ilbrl awj qwk lokF nMU ies mfmly ivwc guMmrfh hI krdy af rhy hn.

-blrfj idEl

 


aMDrfqy df mrIjL hY amrIkf df gMn-klcr!

          bIqy somvfr nMU vrjInIaf tYWk XUnIvristI ivc coa suMg hUeI nfm dy iek 23 sflf ividafrQI vloN 32 ivakqIaF df kql kr dyx qoN bfad amrIkf ivwc iek vfr iPr “gMn-zIbyt” sLurU ho geI hY. mrn vfilaF ivwc bhuqy ividafrQI hn aqy Gwto Gwt do aiDafpk (iek BfrqI qy iek knyzIan) vI sLfml hn. korIan ipCokV df ieh ividafrQI 1992 ivwc amrIkf df lYNizz iemIgrMt bixaF sI. awj qoN 15 ku sfl pihlF amrIkf afieaf, awj 23 sflf hUeI korIaf Cwzx smyN 8 ku sfl df hovygf ies leI Auh nfm df hI korIan afiKaf jf skdf hY. hUeI vloN pihlF svyry 7:15 vjy dy krIb golIaF clf ky do ivakqI XUnvrstI dI iek zormtorI dy njLdIk mfry gey sn aqy iPr Auh ivzIE, Poto aqy ilKqF df iek pulMdf amrIkf dy aYn bI sI tI vI nYWtvrk nMU myl krn clf igaf sI. afpxy rIkrz krky Byjy sunyhyN ivwc hUeI ny amrIkf ivwc pihlF vfpry kuJ golI kFzF dy mujrmF nMU rwj ky slfihaf hY ijs qoN jLfhr huMdf hY ik Auh amrIkf dy bymuhfry “gMn klcr” qoN pRBfvq sI aqy Aus nMU afpxy mfnisk qxfE qoN KlfsI df iehI iewk rsqf ivKfeI idMdf sI. ieh pulMdf myl kr ky do ku GMty bfad vfps XUnIvrstI af ky hUeI ny dUjf mfrU hmlf klfs rUmF aqy hflvyjL ivwc vVH ky kIqf sI ijs ivwc hor 30 mOqF hoeIaF sn. jd hUeI ny dUjf hmlf kIqf qF puils kYNps ivwc pihly hmly dI qPqIsL leI BfrI igxqI ivwc phuMc cuwkI sI pr kr kuJ nf skI. afpxy Coty eyarport, koeI 2600 eykV jLmIn (10[5 vrg iklo mItr ielfkf) aqy 100 iemfrqF vflI XUnIvrstI ivwc swB pfsy njLr rwKxf sMBv nhIN sI. 25000 ividafrQI aqy 6000 dy krIb stfPL nMU KLqry dI vfrinMg vI puils nhIN sI dy skI. hUeI dy nfl pVHdy aqy rihMdy keI ividafrQIaF ny Aus dI Ksqf mfnisk hflq df ijLkr kIqf hY. AuWc XUnIvrstI ivwc 23 sfl dI Aumr ivwc vI Aus vloN hmysLf afpxy afp ivwc rihx aqy horF nfl myl-imlfp qoN kMnI kqrfAux vfly suBfE qoN hI Aus dI Ksqf mfnisk hflq df Jlkfrf qF pYNdf sI pr ies bfry nf qF mfipaF ny aqy nf hI sihpfTIaF aqy aiDafpkF ny koeI KLqry df icMHn piVHaf. hUeI ny iek vfr mfnisk qxfE kfrn zfktrI mdd vI leI sI pr ieh vI Aus vloN gMn KrIdx ivwc bMDn nf bxI. vfrdfq qoN 5 ku hPLqy pihlF Auh bhuq afsfnI nfl iek gMn stor qoN 571 zflr dI glok-19 nfm dI gMn aqy mYgjLIn KrId ilafieaf sI. ies vfsqy nf Aus nMU afpxI koeI pihcfx ivKfAux dI looV peI sI aqy nf hI afpxf nfm dwsx dI loV peI sI. 571 zflr dI adfiegI vI Aus ny afpxy krYizt kfrz nfl hI kIqI sI ijs df ibwl vI sLfied ajy qwk adf nf kIqf igaf hovy.

          amrIkf dy nfl nfl dunIaF Br ivwc hI amrIkf dy gMn-klcr dI nukqfcInI hoeI hY aqy sKLq kfnUMnF dI mMg AuBrI hY. amrIkf dI gMn lfbI iek vfr iPr mfmly nMU dPLn krn vfsqy XqnsLIl hY aqy ieh dfavy kr rhI hY ik gMnF bMdy nhIN mfrdIaF, bMdy hI bMdy mfrdy hn. pr bMdy hor bMidaF nMU gMnF nfl hI mfrdy hn ies qoN awKF nhIN mItIaF jf skdIaF. gMn-lfbI ieh qrk vI dy rhI hY ik amrIkf df sMivDfn hr amrIkn nfgirk nMU hiQafr rwKx df hwk idMdf hY. cyqy rwKx vflI gwl ieh hY ik amrIkf dy sMivDfn ny ieh hwk Es smyN idwqf sI jd amrIkf brqfnIaF dI gulfmI `coN ajy inkilaf hI sI aqy isvl-vfr dI igRPLq ivwc sI. awj df amrIkf 200 sfl purfxf amrIkf nhIN hY aqy nf hI awj dIaF gMnF 200 sfl purfxIaF gMnF hn. awj amrIkf isvl-vfr dI igRPLq ivwc nhIN hY aqy awj dI gMn df GoVf dwibaF golIaF dI vfCV huMdI hY qy mfzrn mfrU gMn nMU sfDfrn btUey vFg jyb ivwc afsfnI nfl Cupfieaf jf skdf hY. hUeI vloN jo golIaF df rfAUNz kilp KrIidaf igaf sI Auh 33 rfAUNzF vflf dwisaf jf irhf hY. amrIkf ivwc 1994 ivwc 10 rfAUNz vfly kilp dI hwd vflf iek kfnUMn bxfieaf igaf sI jo 10 sfl bfad, sfl 2004 ivwc KLqm ho igaf sI. iek rport muqfibk ies smyN amrIkf ivwc pRfeIvyt hwQF ivwc 200 imlIan vwK vwK iksm dIaF CotIaF vwzIaF gMnF hn aqy hr sfl 30,000 ivakqI gMnF kfrn mOq df isLkfr huMdy hn. iek hor rport muqfibk hr sfl amrIkf ivwc 15 sfl qoN Gwt Aumr dy 5000 bwcy gMnF dI ByNt cVHdy hn. hr sfl amrIkf qoN kYnyzf nMU 5 hjLfr  dy krIb gMnF smgl huMdIaF hn jo iewQy ihMsf df kfrn bxdIaF hn. amrIkf df gMn-klcr aMDrfqy df mrIjL hY, smyN df hfxI bxfAux vfsqy ies df jldI ielfj kIqf jfxf cfhIdf hY.

-blrfj idEl

 


kYnyzf dI pihcfx dI pRqIk hY ‘ivmI irj’ sLhfdq!

 

          12 aprYl 1917 df idn sMsfr dy dUjy mhF-XuwD ivwc iek aihm moV sfbq hoieaf sI. ies idn cfr idnF dI Gsmfx dI lVfeI qoN bafd knyzIan POj “ivmI irj” dy mYdfn ivwc jrmn POjF nMU pCfVn ivwc kfmXfb hoeI sI. lVfeI dy ies mYdfn ivwc cfr idnF dI lVfeI dOrfn 3,598 knyzIan POjI sLhId hoey sn aqy 7 hjLfr qoN vwD jLKLmI hoey sn. ies ijwq nfl kYnyzf brqfnvI sfmrfj dI Cqr-Cfieaf ivwcoN iekdm dunIaF dy nksLy `qy iek dysL dy rUp ivwc AuBr afieaf sI. sLkqIsLflI smJI jFdI jrmn POj nMU ‘ivmI irj’ dy mYdfn ivwc hrf ky knyzIan POj ny dysL nMU nvIN pihcfx pRdfn kIqI sI. ies lVfeI ivwc iqMn zvIjLn qoN vwD knyzIan POj ny ihwsf ilaf sI.

          ies mhwqvpUrbn sQfn `qy sLhid hoey knyzIan POjIaF dI Xfdgfr AusfrI geI sI ijs nMU 1936 ivwc kYnyzf dy hvfly kr idwqf igaf sI. sfl 2001 ivwc ies Xfdgfr dI vwzI murMmq df kMm sLurU kIqf igaf sI aqy ies lVfeI dI 90vIN vrygMz qoN aYn pihlF ieh kMm mukMml kIqf igaf hY. bhuqy knyzIan lok BfvyN “ivmI irj” dI lVfeI nMU Buwl cuwky hn pr Auh knyzIan pirvfr ijhnF dy jvfn ies mYdfn ivwc bhfdrI nfl lVy, sLhId jF jLKmI hoey sn, AuhnF leI ieh Xfdgfr iewk qIrQ asQfn dy brfbr hY. iehI kfrn hY ik 90vIN vryHgMz mOky 25 hjLfr lokF ny ies Xfdgfr dy drsLn kIqy hn ijhnF ivcoN 20 hjLfr dy krIb knyzIan sn.

          iehnF XfdgfrI jsLnF ivwc pRDfn mMqrI sRI hfrpr, mhFrfxI alIjLfbYWQ, ipRMs iPLilp aqy PrFs dy pRDfn mMqrI zfimink zI pYpyN Aucycy qOr `qy phuMcy sn. TIk ijs smyN PrFs ivwc ‘ivmI irj’ ivKy 1917 dy sLhIdF dI sLhfdq nMU Xfd kIqf jf irhf sI qF dunIaF dy dUjy pfsy aPLgfinsqfn ivwc sLFqI imsLn leI qYnfq 6 knyzIan POjI jvfnF dI sLhfdq dI KLbr af geI. pRDfn mMqrI sRI hfrpr ny afpxI qkrIr ivwc 1917 dy sLhIdF dy nfl nfl iehnF 6 sLhIdF nMU vI sLrDFjlI ByNt kIqI. mhFrfxI alIjLfbYWQ aqy PrYNc pRDfn mMqrI sRI zfimink ny qF afpxIaF qkrIrF ivwc 1917 dI sLhfdq nMU Xfd kridaF aPLgfn imsLn dIaF sLhfdqF df Kuwl ky ijLkr kIqf. AuhnF aPLgfinsqfn ivwc idwqIaF sLhfdqF dI qulnf 1917 dIaF sLhfdqF nfl kridaF aPlgfn imsLn leI knyzIan dyx dI srfhnf kIqI.

          nf qF 1917 ivwc knyzIan POjI hmlfvr ho ky “ivmI irj” dy mYdfnF ivwc jrmnF dy iKlfPL lVn gey sn aqy nf hI hux aPLgfinsqfn ivwc hmlfvr bx ky gey hn. lVfeI Es smyN vI ajLfdI dI bhflI dI sI aqy hux vI ajLfdI qy amn dI bhflI dI hI lVI jf rhI hY. bIqy aYqvfr dIaF 6 sLhfdqF qoN bfad bIqy buwDvfr nMU 2 hor knyzIan jvfn kMDfr ivwc qfilbfn kwtVpMQI dihsLgrdF df isLkfr ho cuwky hn. dunIaF nMU 9/11 vrgy dihsLqgrd hmilaF qoN bcfAux vfsqy aqy dihsLqgrdF nMU aPLgfinsqn vrgy awzy dI Kuwl ky vrqoN krno rokx vfsqy aPLgfn imsLn bhuq mhwqvpUrn hY aqy ieh sLhfdqF ies imsLn dI mhwqqf nMU hor Aujfgr krdIaF hn. hux qwk 53 knyzIan jvfn aqy iek izplomYt aPLgfn imsLn dI ByNt cVH cuwky hn.

          loV hY aPLgfinsqfn ivwc qYnfq knyzIan POjF nMU vDIaf hiQafr aqy tYNk muhweIaf krn dI qF ik dihsLqgrdF df kfrgr ZMg nfl mukfblf kIqf jf sky. ies smyN knyzIan POjF aPLgfinsqfn dy swB qoN Kqrnfk ielfky ivwc qYnfq hn aqy ies ivwc koeI sLwk nhIN hY ik knyzIan srkfr ny kMDfr imsLn leI hF krn smyNN sMBfvI KLqrf df shI aMdfjLf nhIN lgfieaf aqy nf hI ies vfsqy iqafrI kIqI jf skI sI. pRDfn mMqrI sRI XF ikRqIaF ny aPLgfn sLFqI imsLn vfsqy POjF kfbul ByjIaF sn aqy pRDfn mMqrI sRI pfl mfritn ny knyzIan POjF nMU kMDfr imsLn vfsqy qYnfq kIqf sI. sfl ku pihlF qfkq ivwc afey pRDfn mMqrI sRI hfrpr ny aPLgfn imsLn sfl 2009 qwk jfrI rwKx df vfadf kIqf hoieaf hY. mOqF dy zr kfrn ies imsLn qoN Bwj jfxf koeI rsqf nhIN hY. loV hY POjF nMU ies imsLn vfsqy ZukvyN hiQafr aqy vsIly muhweIaf krn dI, loV hY hor nfto dysLF nMU Bfr vMzfAux leI rjLfmMd krn dI aqy loV hY aPLgfnF nMU afpxy dysL dI rfKI leI iqafr krn dI. aPLgfn sLFqI  imsLn nMU vI “ivmI irj” dI rOsLnI ivwc hI vyiKaf jfxf cfhIdf hY.

-blrfj idEl

 


EntyrIE lftrI isstm `c bykYdgIaF df dOr kd KLqm hovygf?

 

          dunIaF Br ivwc srkfrF lftrI isstm nMU afmdn dy sfDn vjoN vrq rhIaF hn. lftrI iek ajyhf “tYks” hY jo sLihrI afpxI mrjLI nfl adf krdy hn. ies dy nfl hI lftrI iek ajyhf “tYks” vI hY jo adf krn dI iewCf rwKx vfly `qy hI lfgU huMdf hY aqy ieh “tYks” adf nf krn dI iewCf rwKx vfly sLihrI nMU kuJ nhIN afKdf. afmdn tYks, syljL tYks, pRfprtI tYks, izAUtI tYks aqy hor iksm dy tYks aksr sLihrIaF nMU rVkdy rihMdy hn pr lftrI `qy Kricaf DMn sLihrIaF nMU “tYks” vFg nhIN rVkdf ikAuNik ieh iksy vwzI afs nMU muwK rwK ky Kricaf jF adf kIqf huMdf hY. ierfk `qy hmly smyN amrIkf dy pRDfn buwsL ny ijhnF kuJ amrIkf dy njLdIkI dysLF dI ‘kulIsLn’ KVI kIqI sI Aus df nfm “kulIsLn afPL df ivilMg” rwiKaf igaf sI. lftrI nMU agr “tYks afPL df ivilMg” afK ilaf jfvy qF ies ivwc koeI do rfvF nhIN hoxgIaF.

          drasl lftrI jUey qoN iksy vI qrF Gwt nhIN hY aqy ijs qrF juafrIaf jUaf Kyzx ibnF rih nhIN skdf eysy qrF lftrI Kyzx vflf itkt KrIdx qoN ibnF cYn nfl nhIN bYT skdf. iehI kfrn hY ik eIsfeI kYQoilk crc ies nMU burf mMndf hY aqy sMBv hY ik hor DrmF ivwc vI ies nMU iksy hwd qwk nkfiraf jFdf hovy. lftrI df aml hor nisLaF vrgf vI afiKaf jf skdf hY ijs qoN ibnF amlI bYcyn rihMdf hY. smfj ivwc ajyhy lokF dI vI Gft nhIN hovygI jo afpxy pirvfr aqy bwicaF dIaF jLrUrqF nMU njLraMdfjL kr ky lftrI Kyzdy hoxgy. afpxy iehnF sB dosLF dy bfvjUd lftrI ies Xuwg dI jIvnjfc df iek ainKVvF aMg bx cuwkf hY ijs nMU srkfrF KLqm krn bfry soc vI nhIN skdIaF ikAuNik lftrI qoN afmdn hI eynI huMdI hY ijs dI Gft jykr tYksF dy rUp ivwc pUrI kIqI jfvy qF smfj ivwc hfhfkfr mc jfvygI.

          bIqy sfl EntyrIE srkfr ny lftrI kfrporysLn duarf 2[4 iblIan zflr kmfey hn. lftrI isstm nMU lIhy rwKx vfsqy srkfr ny “EntyrIE lftrI & gyimMg kfrporsLn” bxfeI hoeI hY. ipCly sfl akqUbr ivwc sUby ivwc lftrI df iek vwzf skYNzl sfhmxy afieaf sI jd iek rport ny ieh Kulfsf kIqf sI ik sUby dy lftrI eyjMt afm lokF nfloN ikqy vwD ijwqdy hn. akqwUbr ivwc sI[ bI[ sI[ dy “iPPq-astyt” pRogrfm ny afpxI qPLqIsLI rport ivwc afiKaf sI ik bIqy 7 sflF ivwc lftrI rItylr aqy klrk 200 qoN vwD ajyhy ienfm ijwqy hn ijhnF ivwc ienfm dI rfsLI 50 hjLfr zflr jF ies qoN vwD sI. ies rport ivwc 80 sflf bjLurg bfb (rfbrt) aYzmMz nfl bIqy Bfxy df vI ijLkr kIqf igaf sI ijs dI jyqU itkt iek rItylr eyjMt ny DoKy nfl rwK leI sI. ies rport qoN  bfad lftrI dIaF kiQq dIaF byinXmIaF dI Kudo iKlrnI sLurU ho geI sI. ijwqI hoeI itkt cYWk krn vfly lokF nfl kuJ lftrI klrkF vloN hyrfPyrI dy kys sfhmxy afey sn aqy keI iksm dy ieljLfm lwgy sn. iek sLihrI vloN adflqI kys vI kIqf igaf sI jo lftrI kfrporysLn ny lY-dy ky rPLf-dPLf krvf ilaf sI.

          “skrYc aYNz ivMn” iksm dIaF lftrI itktF ivcoN jyqU itkt qyjL rOsLnI vfly blb vgYrf awgy rwK ky bfhr kwZ lYx dy vI crcy hoey sn. hux ajyhy crcy vI sunx nMU imly hn ijhnF muqfibk jyqU nMbr dI cox mOky msLIn ivwc GuMmfeIaF jFdIaF gyNdF dy sfeIjL ivwc Prk rwK ky jyqU itkt kwZI jf skdI hY jF kwZI geI hY afid. pUrf swc kI hY ieh jF qF aMdrly jfxdy hoxgy aqy jF koeI lMbI qPLqIsL dws skdI hY. jo gwl dfavy nfl afKI jfxI cfhIdI hY Auh ieh hY ik afm lokF nfl ieh DFdlI qurMq bMd hoxI cfhIdI hY aqy ksUrvfr slfKF dy dUjy pfr hoxy cfhIdy hn.

          icMqf dI gwl ieh hY ik bIqy sfl akqUbr ivwc sI[ bI[ sI[ dI qPLqIsLI rport qoN 6 mhIny pihlF hI subfeI srkfr nMU ieh pqf lwg igaf sI ik lftrI kirMdy jF eyjMt afm lokF qoN ikqy vwD lftrI ijwqdy hn pr srkfr ny ies mfmly ivwc koeI vI kdm nhIN sI cuwikaf.  sMBv hY ik ieh DFdlI bhuq sflF qoN cldI rhI hovy aqy ies ivwc lftrI kfrporysLn dy aflfH ahudydfr vI ihwsydfr hox.

          sUby dy lokpfl sRI aFdry myirn ny afpxI 69 sPLy dI irport ivc lftrI kfrporysLn nUM lMby hwQIN lYNidaF ikhf hY ik lftrI kfrporysLn ny bykYdgIaF pRqI awKF hI mIcI rwKIaF hn aqy lokF dy ihwqF dI rfKI krn ivwc asPLl rhI hY. lokpfl ny  “gym afPL trwst” nfm dI ies rport ivwc afiKaf hY ik kfrporysLn munfPLy ipwCy hI peI rhI aqy ies ny lokF dIaF sLkfieqF qwk nMU vI njLraMdfjL krI rwiKaf.

          rport ivwc sfl 2004 nMU lftrI kfrporysLn ivwc aMdrUnI DFdlIaF df sfl grdfinaF igaf hY. lokpfl ny afiKaf hY ik kfrporysLn nMU pqf sI ik lftrI isstm aMdrUnI hyrfPyrI df isLkfr ho skdf hY pr Kyzx vfly lokF (mfzrn juafrIey hI shI) dy ihwqF dI rfKI leI koeI kdm nf cuwky gey. iek mYnyjr ny iek vfr ikMqU pRMqU vI kIqI sI pr AuprilaF ny koeI kfrvfeI nf kIqI. juvfb ivwc ByjI eImyl ivwc kfrporysLn dy cIPL agjLYkitv (sI[ eI[ E[) zMkn brfAUn ny ikMqU krn vfly mYnyjr nMU slfh idwqI ik kdy kdy nwk vI bMd krnf pYNdf hY. Bfv bdbU qoN bcx vfsqy keI vfr nwk bMd krnf cMgf rihMdf hY. lokpfl dI rport imlx qoN bfad bIqy hPLqy mgYNtI srkfr ny zMkn brfAUn qoN asqIPLf lY ilaf hY.

          srkfr vloN zMkn brfAUn qoN asqIPLf lY lYx nfl hI lftrI kfrporysLn ivwc keI sflF qoN cldI DFdlI df aMq ho igaf nhIN smiJaf jfxf cfhIdf. awj vI isstm EhI hY aqy itktF vycx aqy ienfm kwZx dy qOr qrIky vI EhI hn. bIqy akqUbr ivwc kuJ sKLq kdm jLrUr cuwky gey sn pr DFdlI nMU pUrI qrF rokx vfsqy “PUl-prUPL” pRbMD kIqy jfx dI loV hY ikAuNik ies ivwc lokF df hr sfl keI iblIan zflr lwg irhf hY. hr sfl vwD qoN vwD itktF vyc dyx nfl hI lftrI kfrporysLn dI ijMLmyvfrI pUrI nhIN ho jFdI. awj qwk qF lftrI kfrporysLn ny itktF vycx vfly eyjMtF nMU itktF KrIdx vfly lokF dy ihwqF qoN vwD pihl idwqI hY.

          lftrI kfrprysLn vfsqy ijLMmyvfr subfeI mMqrI sRI zyivz kYpln ny afiKaf hY ik Auh puils nMU sfry sLwkI jyqU ienfmF dI GoK krn vfsqy afKygf. mMqrI ny vfadf kIqf hY ik puils nMU ies mfmly dI qPLqIsL vfsqy pUrI Kuwl idwqI jfvygI. mMqrI nMU ieh vfadf ivroDI iDr  vloN hfAUs ivwc pRsLn-AuWqr kfl dOrfn kIqy gey sKLq hmly dy tfkry leI dyxf ipaf sI. ivroDI iDr dy afgU sRI jfn torI ny ieljLfm lgfieaf sI ik 1999 qoN awj qwk 100 imlIan zflr dy ienfm DFdlI krn vfilaF  ny lokF qoN curfey hn. aYn zI pI dy afgU ny qF hfAUs ivwc mMqrI qoN asqIPLy dI vI mMg kIqI sI.

          srkfr nMU lftrI qoN ho rhI aMnI afmdn dI rOsLnI ivwc lftrI isstm dy Kfqmy dI koeI afs nhIN kIqI jfxI cfhIdI ies leI lftrI isstm ivwc ho rhI DFdlI KLqm krn vfsqy srkfr nMU kfrgr kdm cuwkxy cfhIdy hn. lftrI dy amlIaF nMU vI iensfPL hr hflq ivwc idwqf jfxf cfhIdf hY.                                  

  -blrfj idEl

 


mfrksIaF dy mwQy df klMk nMdIgRfm!

 

          pwCmI bMgfl dI rfjDfnI kolkwqf qoN qkrIbn 150 iklomItr dUr nMdIgRfm nfm dy sQfn `qy 14 mfrc nMU vfpry golI kFz ny Bfrq srkfr nMU afriQk qrwkI aqy snaqIkrn dy nfm `qy dysL ivwc “spYsLl ieknfimk joLn” kfiem krn leI ZukvIN nIqI qYa krn vfsqy socx leI mjbUr kr idwqf hY. swB qoN sLrmnfk gwl ieh hY ik ieh golI kFz afpxy afp nMU mjLdUrF aqy iksfnF dI numfieMdf jmfq aKvfAux vflI pwCmI bMgfl dI mfrksvfdI pfrtI dI agvfeI vflI sFJI srkfr dy rfj ivwc vfpiraf hY. ies golI kFz ivwc 14 ivakqI mfry gey sn aqy bhuq sfry hor jKLmI hoey sn. JgVy df kfrn “spYsLl ieknfimk jLon” kfiem krn vfsqy pwCmI bMgfl srkfr vloN sQfnk iksfnF dI AupjfAU jLmIn kfnMUn dI zFg nfl akvfier krnf sI. ies golI kFz ivwc mfrksI srkfr dI puils ny ijs jLflmfnf ZMg nfl lokF `qy qsLwdd kIqf Aus dI iksy nMU vI afs nhIN sI.  puils dy nfl ies golI kFz ivwc mfrksvfdI pfrtI dy kfrkunF `qy vI lokF dI mfrkuwt krn dy dosL lgfey gey hn jo jy swc hn qF hor vI sLrmnfk gwl hY. mjLdUrF iksfnF dI pfrtI dy pRqIinD hI jy mjLdUrF iksfnF dy KUMn dI hoolI Kyzx lwg jfx qF iPr mjLlUm dI rfKI kOx krygf?

          awj qwk pwCmI bMgfl dI srkfr Bfrq Br ivwc siQr aqy lokF dIaF BfvnfvF `qy pUrI Auqrn vflI srkfr dy qOr `qy jfxI jFdI sI. bjLrug afgU kfmryz joqI bsU ny 1977 qoN lgfqfr sUby dIaF coxF ijwq ky iek rIkfrz kfiem kIqf sI ijs kfrn Auh dunIaF dy ieko iek coxF ijwq ky qfkq ivwc afey kimAUnist afgU dy qOr `qy pRisD hoey sn. coxF ijwqx df pfKMz qF BfvyN dunIaF dy keI dysLF dy kimAUnist afgU krdy rhy hn pr Auh coxF nfm dIaF hI coxF hoieaf krdIaF sn. kmfryz joqI bsU ny 21 jUn 1977 qoN 6 nvMbr 2000 qwk lgfqfr koeI 24 ku sfl pwCmI bMgfl df rfjBfg clfieaf hY aqy iPr bjLurg Aumr kfrn afpxy afp hI buwDfdyv BwtfcfrjI nMU cfrj dy ky qkq qoN lFBy ho gey sn.  jmhUrI dunIaF ivc sLfied hI koeI aYsf afgU hovygf jo eynI dyr lokF dI hmfieq hfsl krn ivwc kfmXfb irhf hovygf. kfmryz bfsU dI iek hor isPLq ieh vI hY ik Aus ny jd 21 jUn 1977 nMU Kwby pwKI PrMt dI kulIsLn srkfr dI kmFz sMBflI sI qF ies ivwc mfrksIaF dy nfl sI[pI[ afeI[, Pfrvrz blfk aqy afr[ aYs[ pI sLfml sn aqy jd nvMbr 2000 ivwc kursI CwzI qd qwk vI iehnF pfrtIaF nfl sFJ kfiem sI. kfmryz bsU ny iehnF pfrtIaF nfl Es smyN vI sFJIdfrI kfiem rwKI jd mfrksI pfrtI kol afpxy bfhobl nfl hI sUby dI asMblI ivwc bhumwq sI.

          pwCmI bMgfl dy votrF nfl kfmryz bsU dI pfrtI df ivsLvfs awj qwk vI kfiem irhf hY ijs kfrn pfrtI bsU dy qfkq qoN pfsy ht jfx qoN bfad vI subfeI aqy kyNdrI coxF BfrI bhuq mwq nfl ijwqI hY. kfmryz bsU vwloN BfeIvfl pfrtIaF nfl “sFJ” dI rwKI nINh eynI mjLbUq sI ik ieh sFJ awj buwDfdyv BwtfcfrjI dy smyN vI jfrI hY. pr hux 14 mfrc dy golI kFz dy bfad ies sFJ ivwc drfVF pYNdIaF njLr af rhIaF hn. sI[ pI[ afeI dy jnrl skwqr sRI ey[ bI[ brDn ny mfrksI pfrtI `qy BfeIvfl pfrtIaF nMU nMdIgRfm dy mfmly ivwc hnyry ivwc rwKx df dosL lgfieaf hY. AuhnF ies golI kFz nMU axikafisaf, byXkInF aqy iGnOxf krfr idMidaF mfrksIaF `qy kulIsLn srkfr nMU afpxI iekwilaF dI srkfr vFg clfAux df dosL vI lgfieaf hY. dUjy kulIsLn BfeIvflF ny vI mfrksIaF dI krVI alocnf kIqI hY aqy sFJ qoVn qwk dI DmkI vI idwqI hY. sRI brDn ny ieh vI afiKaf hY ik ies kfrvfeI vfsqy iekwlI mfrksI pfrtI hI ijLmyvfr hY qy BfeIvfl pfrtIaF sI[ pI[ afeI[, afr[ aYs[ pI[ aqy Prvrz blfk df ies nfl koeI lYxdyx nhIN hY. AuhnF mfrksI agvfeI vflI srkfr qoN bfhr ho jfx dI DmkI vI dy idwqI sI. sRI brDn ny afiKaf sI ik aYsf jQybMDk puils qsLwdd kdy vI Kwby morcy dI kmFz hyT nhIN vfpiraf aqy jy ies qoN sbk nf isiKaf igaf qF ‘lok aYksLn’ ho skdf hY.

          jLfhr hY ik mfrksI pfrtI dy BfeIvfl ies iGnOKxy kFz qoN sKLq KPLf hn. kOmI pwDr `qy Bfjpf dI agvfeI vflI aYn[ zI[ ey[ ivrDI iDr ny vI ies Gtnf df sKLq ivroD kIqf hY aqy sMsd dI kfrvfeI ivwc keI idn ivGn pfeI rwiKaf hY. sMsd ivwc bolidaF  sInIar Bfjpf afgU sRI lfl ikRsLn azvfnI ny qF  nMdIgrfm ivKy puils PfieirMg nUM 1919 ivc  aMimRqsr ivKy vfpry jilHaFvflf bfg kFz nfloN vI mfVf dwisaf sI ikAuNik nMdIgRfm ajLfd Bfrq ivwc vfpiraf hY.

          pwCmI bMgfl asMblI dI kfrvfeI vI keI idn Twp rhI sI aqy ivroDI afgU mmqf bYnrjI vloN kFz nMU AuBfr ky isafsI lfhf lYx dI pUrI koisLsL kIqI jf rhI hY. kyNdrI mMqrI sRI ipRafrMjn dfs munsLI ny puils `qy dosL lgfieaf hY ik Aus ny mfrksI kfrkunF nUM nfl lY ky ieh kfrf kIqf. AunHF hor ikhf ik puils ny smfj ivroDI ansrF qoN Kohy hiQafr mfrksI kfrkunF nUM dy ky aijhI siQqI pYdf kIqI sI.

          ies sfrI siQqI ivwc jy mfrksIaF qoN ielfvf koeI hor iDr ksUqI PsI hY qF ieh kyNdr dI mnmohx isMG srkfr hY ijs vfsqy “swp dy mUMh ivwc kohV ikrlI” vfly hflfq pYdf ho gey hn. kyNdr srkfr cldI rwKx vfsqy mfrksIaF dI hmfieq dI loV hY aqy iehI kfrn hY ik mnmohx isMG srkfr ny nMdIgRfm nMU bhuqI aihmIaq nhIN idwqI.  jy ikqy iehI kFz pMjfb jF iksy hor ivroDI iDr dI srkfr vfly sUby ivwc vfpiraf huMdf qF kFgrsIaF ny mnmohx isMG qoN sMivDfn dI Dfrf 355 dI vrqoN krky sUbf srkfr BMg krn dI mMg krn lwg pYxf sI.  zf: mnmohx isMG ny ‘spYsLl ieknfimk jLon’ kfiem krn dI nIqI jfrI rwKx df aYlfn kridaF ies ivwc loVINdIaF qbdIlIaF krn df bcn idwqf hY ijs nfl iksfnF qoN jLbrdsqIN jLmInF KflI krvfAux dI QF AuhnF nMU jLmInF bdly mfrkIt kImq adf kIqI jfvy.

          pMjfb dy muwK mMqrI s: pRkfsL isMG bfdl ny pRDfn mMqrI zf: mnmohx isMG qoN do kdm awg vDidaF ieh aYlfn kIqf hY ik iksfnF nMU jLmInF dI mfrkIt kImq adf krn dy nfl nfl “muV vsybf Bwqf” vI idwqf jfieaf krygf. jy Auh ies vfady nMU pUrf krdy hn qF s: bfdl df ieh aYlfn bhuq mhwqvpUrn hY ikAuNik iksfnF dIaF keI pusLqF jLmIn nfl moh pf ky bYTIaF huMdIaF hn aqy jLmIn qoN vwK ho ky muV vsyby aqy rujLgfr dy sfDn Bflxf AuhnF vfsqy afsfn kMm  nhIN huMdf.  nMdIgRfm iekwly pwCmI bMgfl ivwc hI nhIN pMjfb smyq hor sUibaF ivwc vI vfprdy rhy hn qy agFH vI vfpr skdy hn ies leI s: bfdl vflI phuMc dysL Br ivwc apxfey jfx dI loV hY. afriQk qrwkI dy bhfny iksfnF df AujfVf aqy kuJ kMpnIaF jF srmfeydfrF dIaF pON-bfrFH dI afigaf iblkul nhIN idwqI jfxI cfhIdI. pMjfb ivwc vI kYptn srkfr smyN srkfr vwloN vwK vwK pRfjYktF vfsqy jLmIn akvfier krn df ivroD hoieaf sI aqy keI pRfjYktF `qy nvIN  srkfr njLrsfnI vI kr rhI hY. dysL dI afriQk qrwkI vfsqy iksfn ihwqF aqy KyqI jog jLmIn dI kurbfnI qoN ibnF vI sr skdf hY.

          nMdIgRfm kFz `qy “nYsLnl kmisLn Pfr vUmYn” dI pRDfn bIbI igrjf ivafs ny duwK pRgt kridaF ikhf hY ik ies mOky aOrqF nfl vI dur-ivhfr hoieaf hY. buwDfdyv BwtfcfrjI nMU ilKy pwqr ivwc bIbI ivafs ny ikhf hY ik ies golI kFz ivwc iewk aOrq dI vI mOq hoeI hY aqy keI aOrqF aqy bwcy jLKLmI hoey hn. AuhnF awgy ieh vI ikhf hY ik ies mOky kuJ aOrqF nfl blfqkfr vI hoieaf hY. ieh dosL BfvyN ajy qwk sfbq nhIN hoey pr inrsMdyh ieh bhuq sMjIdf iksm dy dosL hn ijhnF dI mukMml CfxbIx hoxI cfhIdI hY. hux qwk mfrksIaF ny tflmtol nfl kMm sfrn dI koisLsL kIqI hY. lgdy hwQ qF kyNdrI mfrksI afgU sIqf rfm XycurI ny ies kFz nMU iqRxfmUl aqy mfEvfdIaF dI sfijLsL afK ky BMzx dI koisLsL vI kIqI sI aqy jd gwl vD geI qF ieh afK idwqf sI ik muwK mMqrI buwDfdyv BwtfcfrjI ny qF asqIPf pysL kIqf sI pr pfrtI ny pRvfn nhIN kIqf. jy mfrksIaF ny buwDfdyv BwtfcfrjI df asqIPLf lY ilaf huMdf qF hflq kuJ hor hoxI sI. ies kFz df BUq aglIaF asMblI aqy sMsdI coxF mOky vI mfrksIaF df ipwCf krygf. 

          inrpwK jFc, dosLIaF nMU ibnF iJjk sjLf aqy pIVHqF nMU ZukvIN rfhq hI ieko iek bcdf rsqf hY. jy mfrksI hux ies qoN vI KuMJ gey qF lokF nMU mUMh ivKfAux jogy nhIN rihxgy. ies mfmly `qy prdfposLI mfrksIaF nMU dysL dIaF hor kurwpt pfrtIaF dI kqfr ivwc KVy kr dyvygI ijs qoN Auh ajy kuJ hwd qwk bcy rhy hn.

-blrfj idEl

 


lokF dy igwitaF, goizaF, bImfrIaF aqy drdF nfl KyzI jf rhI hY isafsq!

          bIqy hPLqy EntyrIE sUby dy ishq mMqrI jfrj simdrmYn ny  gozy dI bdlI (nIa-rIplysmYNt) leI lMbI lfeIn ivwc lwgy mrIjLF nMU pRfeIvyt kilMk ivwc gozy dI bdlI dIaF syvfvF pRdfn krvfAux qoN do kut juvfb dy idwqf hY. mMqrI ny bhuq spsLt sLbdF ivwc afiKaf ik Auh kdy vI pRfeIvyt (Pfr pRfiPt) sMsQf nMU ‘gozy-bdlI’ dIaF ishq syvfvF afAUt-sors krn dy hwk ivwc nhIN hovygf. pYNdI swty hI afm sLihrI `qy ishq mMqrI dy lPLjL bhuq kft krdy hn ik mMqrI jI ishq syvfvF df inwjIkrn nhIN hox dyxgy aqy iksy nMU vI ishq syvfvF `coN lfB nhIN kmfAux dyxgy.

          AuNJ ieh swB ‘imrg-qirsLn’ hI hY ikAuNik sUby ivwc pRfeIvyt, Pfr pRfiPt kilMink pihlF hI hn, kfnUMnI vI hn, kMm vI krdy hn qy srkfrI kMm vI krdy hn. ijs pRfeIvyt srjIkl XUint ivwc gozy-bdlI dy aprysLnF bfry gwl ho rhI sI Aus df nfm hY ‘zfn imljL srjIkl XUint’ jo ik sUby ivwc bIqy 44 sfl qoN kfnUMnI ZMg nfl kMm krdf af irhf kilink hY. subfeI srkfr eysy pRfeIvyt srjIkl XUint nMU kYtrYkt srjrI aqy afrQopIzk srjrI dy kys afp idMdI hY. svfl, pYdf huMdf hY ik jy srkfr afp ies kilink nMU hor iksm dI srjrI dy kys idMdI hY qF iPr jy loVmMd mrIjLF dy gozy-bdlI dy kys vI ies kilink nMU dy idwqf jfxgy qF kI afPLq af jfvygI? mrIjLF df ies nfl lfB hovygf jo srkfrI hspqfl ivwc aprysLn dI vfrI afAux dI keI mhIny hor AuzIk kridaF drdF hMzfAux qoN Cuwt jfxgy qy Krcf srkfr hI dyvygI ijs ny srkfrI hspfqlF ivwc vI qF dyxf huMdf hY.

          hF jy Prk pvygf qF votF `qy pvygf jo hux afAux hI vflIaF hn. isafsqdfn votrF nMU buwDU hI smJdy hn aqy ajyhIaF qrkIbF bxfAuNdy rihMdy hn ijhnF nfl votr hor BMblBUsy ivwc pfey jf skx. mMqrI jI ny sUby ivwc pRfeIvyt kilinkF dy hox qoN ienkfr nhIN kIqf aqy nf hI ajyhy kilink bMd kr dyx dI koeI DmkI jF vfadf kIqf hY. pRfeIvyt kilink bMd krny qF dUr dI gwl hY ies srkfr dI mdd nfl qF hux pI-3 hspqfl bx rhy hn. pbilk, pRfeIvyt pfrtnrisLp (pI-3) nfl brYNptn ivwc sUby df swB qoN vwzf isivk hspqfl hux qkrIbn Ausr hI cuwkf hY.

          pI-3 iksm dy hspqfl drasl inry pRfeIvyt hspqflF qoN mfVy hn ikAuNik iehnF `qy bhuqf Krcf qF lokF (pbilk) df huMdf hY pr pRfeIvyt pfrtI kuJ Krcf dy ky lfB kmfAux vfsqy ivwc bYTI huMdI hY. hwspqfl jy inrf pRfeIvyt hovy qF lokF vfsqy vDyry cMgf hY ikAuNik ies `qy lokF df nf bxfAux `qy Krcf huMdf hY aqy nf ies nMU clfAux `qy Krcf huMdf hY. ijs ny lfB lYxf hY Auh afpxf DMn Krcdf hY aqy vDIaf ZMg nfl clfAuNdf hY. mrIjLF nMU EnI dyr koeI Prk nhIN pYNdf ijMnI dyr sUbfeI srkfr Eihp dI kvryj nfl ishq syvfvF dI grMtI krdI hY.

          afE ‘gozf-bdlI’ dy mfmly vwl vfps afAuNdy hF. subfeI srkfr kihMdI hY ik sUby ivwc iksy vI mrIjL nMU gozf-bdlI aprysLn vfsqy 6 mhIny qoN vwD smF drdF ivwc nhIN gujLfrnf pYxf cfhIdf. Bfv jd mfhr zfktr gozf-bdlI dI loV dI qsdIk kr dyvy qF mrIjL df 6 mhIny dy aMdr aMdr aprysLn ho jfxf cfhIdf hY. jd ik aslIaq ieh hY ik sUby dy 90% mrIjL ies smyN 357 idn aprysLn vfsqy AuzIk krdy hn jo ik qkrIbn iek sfl bxdf hY. ieh srkfr dy afpxy afsLy qoN dugxf smF hY. suwK nfl ies ivwc ajy agsq-sqMbr 2005 nfloN 18% AuzIk smF Gt igaf hY jo ik 83 idn hor bxdf hY. jy 357 ivwc 83 idn hor joVIey qF ieh 440 idn bxdf hY jo 2005 ivwc AuzIk ivwc hI lgdf sI.

          kuJ suDfr jLrUr hoieaf hY pr iek pfsy ‘zfn imljL XUint’ vrgy pRfeIvyt kilink lgdy hwQ hI mrIjL df gozf-bdlI aprysLn krn vfsqy iqafr bYTy hn `qy dUjy pfsy srkfr AuhnF qoN ieh kMm krvfAuxf nhIN cfhuMdI qy srkfrI hspqfl ivwc lwgIaF AuzIk dIaF lfeInF ivwc drdF mfry mrIjLF nMU KVy rwKxf cfhuMdI hY aqy Auh vI “pbilk ishq syvfvF” dy nfm `qy jo pbilk nMU syvfvF nfloN AuzIk vwD dy rhIaF hn.  jy “zfn imljL XUint’ ivwc srkfr hor srjrIaF krvf rhI hY qF goizaF dy mrIjLF dy Bly vfsqy gozf-qbdIlI aprysLn vI ies kilink ivwc ho skdy hn. jy nhIN qF ies ivqkry df Tos kfrn srkfr nMU dwsxf cfhIdf hY. “mYN kdy ajyhf hox dyx dy hwk ivwc nhIN hovFgf”, dy mMqrI dy ibafn nfl gozy dIaF drdF dy mfry mrIjLF nMU koeI lfB nhIN huMdf.  ishq syvfvF dy mfmly ivwc jy ghu nfl vyKIey qF isrP kuJ kilink hI pRfeIvyt nhIN hn, drasl ishq syvfvF df vwzf ihwsf pRfeIvyt hY aqy pbilk hspqflF nfloN vDIaf ZMg nfl kMm kr irhf hY. bhuq sfry aYks-rya, lYb aqy hor sbMDq kMm krn vfly kilink pRfeIvyt hn ijhnF ivwc mrIjL inwq jFdy hn. mrIjLF nMU hYlQ kfrz ivKf ky syvfvF imldIaF hn aqy AuhnF nMU ies gwl df pqf qwk vI nhIN lgdf ik sbMDq kilink pRfeIvyt hY jF pbilk. sUby df hr PYmlI zfktr aqy spYsLilt zfktr afpxI afpxI mYzIkl prYkits pRfeIvyt krdf hY mrIjL inwq AuhnF dIaF syvfvF afpxf hYlQ kfrz ivKf ky lYNdy hn. ies nfl mrIjLF nMU kI Prk pYNdf hY aqy jy iehI kuJ hspqflF ivwc hox lwg jfvygf qF mrIjLF `qy koeI burf asr nhIN pYx vflf.

          jy koeI vI ishq kyNdr, kilink jF hspqfl aflfH drjy dI imafrI syvf pUrI ijLmyvfrI nfl dyx dI muhfrq rwKdf hovy qF mrIjL nMU ies nfl koeI Prk nhIN pYNdf aqy jy srkfr inrDfrq qy ZukvIN  smyN sImf ivwc iksy mrIjL dy ielfj df pRbMD nhIN kr skdI qF pRfeIvyt kilink dIaF syvfvF lYx ivwc koeI hrjL nhIN hY.

          isafsqdfn pRvfeIvyt ishq syvfvF df ivroD “tU-tIar” ishq syvfvF df bhfnf lgf ky krdy hn jd ik Auh Kud tU-tIar syvfvF df mhOl isrj rhy hn. pRfeIvyt ishq syvfvF hux aslIaq bx cwukIaF hn, ikbYWk dy mfmly ivwc suprIm kort mrIj nMU ZukvyN smyN dOrfn ishq syvf imlx dy hwk `qy mohr lgf cuwkI hY. amIr iehnF pRfeIvyt kilinkF dI vrqoN afpxI jyb dy isr `qy kr rhy hn aqy jldI drd mukq ho rhy hn. srkfr afm lokF vfsqy ielfj leI nFh kr ky tU-tIar isstm nMU jnm dy rhI hY. srkfr iksy vI pRfeIvyt kilink nMU ishq syvfvF df Tykf dyx qoN pihlF afpxIaF imafrI sLrqF lgf skdI hY aqy sLrqF tutx dI sUrq ivwc kMm vfps lYx df hwk afpxy hwQ ivwc rwK skdI hY. ishq mMqrI dI do-tuk nFh mrIjLF dy ihwq ivwc nhIN hY.

          kimAUinst cIn dI afriQkqf df 25 ku sfl pihlF jd AudfrIkrn sLurU hoieaf qF AudfrvfdI cInI afgU zYNg isE ipMg nMU iksy ny puwiCaf ik afriQk qbdIlI cIn nMU ikqy pUMjIvfdI afriQkqf vwl qF nhIN lY jf rhI? zYNg df juvfb sI, “ijMnI dyr ibwlI cUhf PVdI hY, Aus ibwlI df rMg kflf hY jF icwtf hY ies nfl koeI Prk nhIN pYNdf.” 

          sUby aqy dysL dy lokF nMU bImfrIaF df cUhf PVn vflI ibwlI dI looV hY ieh ibwlI ishq mMqrI jfrj simdrmYn dI CwzI hoeI pbilk ibwlI hY jF pRfeIvyt ibwlI hY ies nfl mrIjLF nMU koeI Prk nhIN pYNdf.

-blrfj idEl

 


‘gYr-swiBak’ sMsdI hMgfmy

 

          lokqMqr dI sMsdI pRnflI dI srkfr ivwc sMsd aqy sMsd dI kfrvfeI srbAuqm mMnI jFdI hY. pRDfngI qrj dy lokqMqr ivwc vI vwK vwK nfvF nfl jfxy jFdy sMsdI sdnF df aihm sQfn huMdf hY. amrIkf dy pRDfngI iksm dy lokqMqr ivwc kFgrs aqy sYint dy nfvF nfl jfxy jFdy sdn, kfnUMn GVn df kMm krdy hn pr pRDfngI pRnflI hox kfrn rfsLtrpqI nf qF iswDy qOr `qy iksy sMsdI sdn df mYNbr huMdf hY aqy nf hI ‘juvfbdyh’ huMdf hY. AuNJ BfvyN lokqMqr ivwc hr isafsdfn hI hr moV `qy juvfbdyh smiJaf jFdf hY.

          sMsd qF sdfm husyn dy rfj ivwc vI sI aqy sovIaq rfj ivwc vI sI. awj cIn ivwc vI sMsd hY aqy hY AuqrI korIaf ivwc vI pr ieh sdfm dy ierfk aqy brYjLnyv dy sovIaq XUnIan vFg nfm dIaF hI sMsdF hn ijhnF ivwc adflqF dy pwDr dI sFqI huMdI hY. jy kfrvfeI KfnfpUrI krn vfsqy hI krnI hovy qF ajyhI cuwp BrI sLFqI nfl kMm cl skdf hY pr jy vwK iPrikaF, ikwiqaF, iKwiqaF jF vwK vwK smfijk prqF dy lokF dy ihqF dI rfKI krnI hovy qF sMsdI kfrvfeIaF ivwc BKvIN bihs df hoxf jLrUrI vI hY aqy ishqmMd lwCx vI hY.

          vyKx ivwc afieaf hY ik dunIaF dy keI dysLF ivwc sMsdI kfrvfeIaF keI vfr ‘BKvIN bihs’ dI hwd qoN  twp ky ‘gYr-siBak’ sLor sLrfby qwk awpV jFdIaF hn. aYsI bihs dy sIn keI vfr dwKxI korIaf, qfievfn, Bfrq, jpfn aqy kuJ hor dysLF dIaF sMsdF ivwc vyKx jF sunx nMU imly hn. Bfrq dy keI suibaF dIaF ivDfn sBfvF ivwc vI keI vfr jwuqIaF qwk cwlx dy sIn tI[ vI[ skrInF `qy ivKfey gey hn. ajyhIaF sMsdI kfrvfeIaF nMU ‘BKvIaF’ bihsF qoN bhuq dUr aqy gYr-siBak hMgfmy hI smiJaf jfxf cfhIdf hY.

          knyzIan sMsd dIaF kfrvfeIaF sLfied hI kdy ies “BKvINN” bihs dI hwd qoN awgy vDIaF hox iPr vI jd kdy qlK-klfmI huMdI hY qF mIzIey aqy buwDIjIvI vrg vloN ies `qy icMqf jfhr kIqI jFdI hY ijs nfl isafsqdfn vI cqMn ho jFdy hn. PrvrI dy aMq ivwc jd aYNtI tYroirst aYkt dIaF aYkspfier ho rhIaF mwdF aqy jwjF dI nfmjdgI dy ZMg qrIky nMU lY ky knyzIan sMsd ivwc bihs cwl rhI sI qF  pRDfn mMqrI sRI hfrpr vloN ‘vYnkUvr sMn’ aKLbfr dI iek roport df hvflf idMdy sfr hI ilbrlF ny hwlfguwlf mcf idwqf sI ijs kfrn spIkr nMU AuWT ky KVnf ipaf sI. pRDfn mMqrI dy dubfrf KVdy sfr hI ilbrlF ny iPr rOlf pf idwqf sI ijs kfrn pRDfn mMqrI aKLbfr dy hvfly qoN vwD hor kuJ vI afK nhIN sn sky. ilbrlF ny pRDfn mMqrI qoN muafPLI dI mMg kIqI sI pr pRDfn mMqrI ny awgoN sfPL afK idwqf sI ik AuhnF qF kuJ afiKaf hI nhIN hY isrPL iek aKbfr df hvflf hI idwqf hY.

          ies mfmUlI sMsdI qkrfr df vI keI hlikaF ivwc bhuq crcf hoieaf sI aqy kuJ lokF ny KLdsLf pRgt kIqf sI ik sMsdI bihs imafrI bihs dI hwd twpdI jf rhI hY. 

          Bfrq dI sMsd ivwc bIqy mMglvfr nMU jo kuJ vfpiraf Auh “BKvIN bihs” dI hwd qoN bhuq dUr sI aqy jy nyVy sI qF gYr-siBak hMgfmy dy bhuq nyVy sI. Bfrq dy mIzIey ivwc ies dI bhuq crcf hoeI hY aqy bhuq sfry lokF ny tI[ vI[ skrInF `qy vI ies sMsdI ‘hulVbfjLI’ dy sInF nMU vyiKaf hY. hYrfnI ies gwl dI hY ik ieh hulVbfjLI BfrqI dI hfkm iDr aqy ivroDI iDr dy ivckfr iksy tkrfE df iswtf nhIN sI sgoN hfkm iDr dIaF smrQkF KwbIaF pfrtIaF aqy hfkm iDr ivckfr hoey tkrfE df iswtf sI.

          mfmlf vI eynf sMgIn nhIN jfpdf pr votF dI isafsq eynI BfrU ho cuwkI sI ik spIkr nMU pihlF mfrsLl swdxy pey aqy iPr sdn df smfgm hI AuTfAuxf ipaf. srkfr vloN mMqrI sRI tI[ afr[ bflU jd “smuMdrI Koj XUnIvrstI ibwl” (ieMzIan mYrftfeIm XUnIvrstI ibwl)  pysL krn vfsqy KVy hoey qF KwbIaF pfrtIaF dy sMsdF ny KOrU pf idwqf. KwbIaF pfrtIaF dy bMgfl nfl sbMDq sMsd ies gwl qoN guwsy ivwc sn ik ibwl ivwc ieh XUnIvrstI qfimlnfzU sUby ivwc bxfey jfx df ijLkr sI jd ik Auh (KOrU pfAux vfly) ieh XUnIvrstI kolkwqf ivwc bxfeI jfxI cfhuMdy sn. kfrn spsLt hY ik AuhnF dI vot bYNk kolkwqy dy afspfs hY ies leI Auh ajyhI mMg kr rhy sn. dUjy pfsy kyNdr srkfr ivwc BfeIvfl pfrtI zI[ aYm[ ky[ ikAuNik qfimlnfzU sUby dI pfrtI hY ies leI XUnIvrstI df qfimlnfzU ivwc bxfieaf jfxf zI[ aYm[ ky[ dy ihwq ivwc sI. mfmlf vot ihwqF dy tkrfE qoN vwD kuJ nhIN sI pr ies nfl sMsd dI kfrvfeI ruk hI nhIN geI sgoN sMsdI prMprfvF df AulMGx vI hoieaf aqy sMsd dI  mfx-mirXfdf nMU swt vI vwjI.

          pihly hwly spIkr nMU sdn dI kfrvfeI 10 imMt vfsqy rokxI peI aqy ijAuN hI kfrvfeI dubfrf sLurU hoeI qF spIkr ny mMqrI sRI bflU nMU iPr ibwl pysL krn vfsqy afiKaf. mMqrI jI ajy KVy hI hoey sn ik KwbIaF pfrtIaF dy sMsdF dI zI[ aYm[ ky[ dy sMsdF nfl hwQopfeI qwk dI nObq af geI. koeI 15 imt qwk DwkfmuwkI cldI rhI aqy KwbIaF pfrtIaF dy sMsd mMqrI sRI bflU vwl vDy pr zI[ aYm[ ky[  dy sMsdF ny sRI bflU nMU afpxy bcfE Gyry ivwc lY ilaf. ies qrF jfpdf sI ik sMsd mYNbr siBak bihs dI QF kusLqI duarf afpxf pwK rwKx ivwc mfx mihsUs kr rhy sn. smiJaf jf irhf hY ik zI[ aYm[ ky[  dy sMsd jy kr mMqrI sRI bflU nMU afpxy Gyry ivwc nf lYNdy qF KwibaF ny mMqrI dy kutfpf hI cfVH dyxf sI. spIkr nMU ies vfr mfrsLl swdxy pey aqy sdn dI kfrvfeI 45 imMt leI rok idwqI geI. BfrqI mIzIey ny ies nMU pihlI vfr ies hwd qwk dI hulVbfjLI afiKaf hY.

          hYrfnI dI gwl hY ik ieh hulVbfjLI Es iDr vloN sLurU kIqI geI sI jo afpxy afp nMU sMsdI prMprfvF dI rfKI hox df davf krdI rhI hY aqy ijs df iek sInIar aYm pI sRI somnfQ cYtrjI spIkr dI kursI `qy ibrfjmfn hY. sLfied Kwby sMsd ieh Buwl gey sn ik kolkwqy vFg qfimlnfzU dI rfjDfnI cYneI vI Bfrq df hI iek sLihr hY jy XUnIvrstI AuWQy bx geI qF koeI afPLq nhIN af jfvygI.

          ies Gtnf nfl hukmrfn iDr ivwc aMdrUnI pftoDfV vI nMgI ho geI hY BfvyN hukmrfn iDr ny ies dy hwl vfsqy aMdrUnI Xqn qyjL kr idwqy hn. sI[ pI[ aYm[ dy sInIar afgU aqy sMsd mYNbr sRI sIqfrfm XfcurI ny qF ieh DmkI vI dy idwqI hY ik jy hukmrfn iDr ny ies mfmly `qy aMdrUnI ivcfr-crcf df rsqf nf apxfieaf qF sMsd ivwc iPr ajyhf kuJ vfpr skdf hY.

          hr Kyqr ivwc BfrI kurwpsLn kfrn BfrqI lok pihlF hI BfrqI isafsdfnF ivwc bhuq ivsLvfs nhIN rwKdy. lokqMqr dI mjLbUqI aqy ishq sLihrIaF dy ivsLvfsL `qy inrBr krdI hY. vwK vwK kfrnF krky sMsfr Br ivwc voitMg dr hyTF vl jf irhf hY. ieh KusLI dI gwl hY ik pMjfb dIaF coxF ivwc voitMg dr ies vfr viDaf hY. ies qrF dy gYr-siBak hMgfmy lokF dy ivsLvfs nMU hor Korf lgfAuxgy ijs nfl lokqMqr kmjLor hovygf.

-blrfj idEl

 


surwiKaf dy mfmly `c ilbrl afpxy pYr kuhfVf mfrn qury!

 

          bIqy hPLqy ilbrl pfrtI ny  aYn zI pI aqy vwKvfdI blfk ikbYWkvf pfrtI nfl rlL ky kYnyzf aYNtI-tYroirt aYkt dIaF Auh mwdF rwd kr idwqIaF jo AuhnF pMj sfl pihlF afp aYNtI-tYroirst aYkt aDIn pysL aqy pfs krvfeIaF sn. dysL ny ieh kfnUMn amrIkf ivwc 9/11 dy dihsLqgrd hmly qoN bfad pfs kIqf sI aqy ieh do mwdF pMj sfl dI sMn-sYt klfjL hyT ilaFdIaF sn qF ik sMsd iehnF nMU pMj sfl bfad muV ivcfr lvy. iehnF nMU pMj sfl dI sMn-sYWt klfjL hyT rwKx df mMqv ieh sI ik surwiKaf eyjMsIaF iehnF df dur-pRXog nf krn aqy jy ajyhf huMdf hY qF sMsd dI mnjLUrI qoN ibnF ieh mwdF afpxy afp KLqm ho jfx jF sMsd iehnF nMU pMj sfl bfad ivcfr ky hUbhU jF loVINdI qbdIlI kr ky pfs kr lvy.

          iehnF pMj sflF ivwc iehnF mwdF dI kdy hI vrqoN nhIN kIqI geI, dur-vrqoN qF dUr dI gwl hY. ajy bIqy sfl dy aMq qwk iblrl pfrtI iehnF mwdF nMU pfs krn dy hwk ivwc sI. kfmnjL dI kmytI pwDr `qy jd iehnF mwdF `qy ivcfr ho irhf sI qF ilbrl pfrtI iehnF mwdF nMU pfs krn leI sihmq vI ho geI sI. sYint dI kmytI ny vI ies `qy ivcfr krn qoN bfad iehnF mwdF nMU rwKx dI isPLrsL kIqI sI aqy kuJ hor suJfE vI idwqy sn. dysL dI sYint ivwc vI ilbrl pfrtI df BrvF bhumq hY aqy Aus sYint kmytI ivwc vI ijs ny ies dy hwk ivwc isPLrsL kIqI sI. ilbrl pfrtI dy bhuq sfry afgU iehnF mwdF nMU pfs kr dyx dy hwk ivwc sn ijhnF ivwc sfbkf jsits mMqrI iervn kotlr aqy bfb rya sLfml hn. ilbrl afgU jnfb izEN ny sfry ilbrl sMsd mYNbrF nMU iehnF mwdF dy ivroD ivwc vot pfAux df hukm dy idwqf sI aqy afnfkfnI krn vfilaF ivruwD kfrvfeI krn dI DmkI vI idwqI sI.

          jd iehnF mwdF `qy voitMg hoeI qF 12 ilbrl aYm pI gYr hfjLr rhy, iek tfm vfpl ny pfrtI dy iKlfPL iehnF mwdF dy hwk `c vot pfeI aqy sfbkf ilbrl jsits mMqrI iervn kotlr hfAUs ivwc hfjLr huMdy hoey vI vot dI vrqoN  krn vfsqy nf AuTy. ieh mwdF 124 dy mukfbly 159 votF nfl rwd ho geIaF. ilbrl afgU sRI styPLn izEN ny afpxI aVI qF pugf leI pr ilbrl pfrtI ies mfmly ivwc burI qrF vMzI geI aqy awj vI awg aMdro aMdr sulg rhI hY. jy ilbrl afgU iehnF mwdF dy iKLlfPL vot pfAux df hukm nf idMdy qF keI hor ilbrl sMsd iehnF dI imafd vDfey jfx dy hwk ivwc inwqr afAuxy sn ijhnF ivwc kIQ mfritn, zfn bYWl, zYirk lIa aqy roie klHn afid dy nfm ley jf hn.

          iehnF mwdF dy rwd ho jfx qoN bfad pRDfn mMqrI sRI hfrpr ny  cyqfvnI idwqI sI ik ieh mfmlf ies qrF gfieb nhIN ho jfvygf. AuhnF  ieh vI ikhf sI ik ilbrl pfrtI ny knyzIan lokF dI surwiKaf dI QF pfrtI dy kfks dI aMdrUnI isafsq nMU cuixaF hY.

          iehnF mwdF dy rwd ho jfx qoN bfad ajy vI iehnF bfry BrvIN crcf cwl rhI hY aqy torI pfrtI iehnF mwdF nMU kuJ hor kfnUMnI loVF nfl rlf ky dubfrf iPr pysL kr skdI hY. jy ajyhf huMdf hY qF ilbrl iPr kI krngy ieh qF smF hI dwsygf pr ilbrlF dI pYNqVybfjIL AuhnF nMU mihMgI pY rhI jfpdI hY. vwK vwK srvyKxF muqfibk dysL ivwc lok surwiKaf qoN bhuq icMquq hn aqy kfrgr phuMc apnfAux dI loV smJdy hn. iekwlf dihsLqvfd hI nhIN lok qF vD rhy jurmF qoN vI icMquq hn aqy krfeIm kfbU krn vfsqy isafsqdfnF qoN kfrgr phuMc dI afs krdy hn. lokF dy mnF ivwc ilbrl pfrtI dI qsvIr “sfPLt afn krfeIm” vflI bxdI jf rhI hY. ieh vI iewk kfrn hY ijs kfrn ilbrl pfrtI srvyKxF ivwc izwg rhI ivKfeI dy rhI hY. sfPLt jF nrm phuMc dy nfl nfl ilbrl pfrtI bcnF qoN mukr jfx jF Kfs muwidaF `qy afpxI pujIsLn vfr vfr bdldI rihx vflI pfrtI vI bxdI jf rhI hY.         

aPLgfinsqfn ivwc POj Byjx dy mfmly ivwc vI ilbrl pfrtI nf qF iek phuMc apxf skI hY aqy nf hI ieksur rih skI hY. XF ikRqIaF dI rihnumfeI hyT ilbrl srkfr ny POj kfbul ByjI sI aqy pfl  mfritn dI rihnumfeI hyT bVy mfx nfl kMDfr imsLn sLurU kIqf sI. ilbrl afgU styPLn izEN iehnF dovF srkfrF ivwq mMqrI sn. hux vI kdy jnfb izEN aPgfn imsLn df BFzf torIaF isr BMnx dI koisLsL krdy hn, kdy afpxf smrQn vfps lYx dI gwl krdy hn aqy kdy sfl 2009 qwk imsLn df smrQn krn dy ibafn dfgdy hn. ieAuN jfpdf hY ik ijDr dbfE pYNdf hY Auh AuDr ibafn dy idMdy hn.

          aYNtI-tYroirst aYkt dIaF mwdF nMU suprIm kort vI sMivDfnk afK cuwkI hY pr ilbrlF nMU acfnk ieh “sLihrI hwkF” df muwd ivKfeI dyx lwg ipaf hY. bIqy pMj sflF ivwc iehnF mwdF df dur-pRXog nf hoxf drsfAuNdf hY ik dysL df surwiKaf ZFcf pUrI ijMLmyvfrI qoN kMm lY irhf hY. ilbrl ies df ieh arQ kwZdy vI suxy gey hn ik ikAuNik pMj sflF ivwc iehnF mwdF dI loV nhIN peI ies vfsqy iehnF dI awgy loV pYx dI sMBfvnf vI nhIN hY.

          voitMg qoN pihlF iehnF mwdF `qy sMsd dy aMdr aqy bfhr BrpUr crcf ho cuwkI hY aqy ieh hux vI KLqm hox df nfm nhIN lYNdI. 22 sfl pihlF vfpry eyar ieMzIaf bMb kFz qoN pIVHq pirvfrF ny vI iehnF mwdF nfl isafsq nf Kyzx vfsqy apIl kIqI sI aqy 9/11 ivwc mfry gey knyzIan sLihrIaF dy pirvfrF ny vI ajyhf hI kIqf sI.

          afr[ sI[ aYm[ pI[ iehnF mwdF dI vrqoN kr ky kuJ AuhnF lokF qoN puCigC krn dI skIm bxfeI bYTI sI ijhnF nMU ies hfdsy bfry pqf hox df KLdsLf hY pr Auh kuJ dwsx vfsqy iqafr nhIN hn. aYNtI tYroirst aYkt dI rwd hoeI iek mwd hyT ajyhy ivakqIaF nMU ibnF cfrj kIiqaF jwj sfhmxy pysL krky puCigC kIqI jf skdI sI aqy dUjI mwd muqfibk sLwkI dihsLqgrdF nMU ibnF cfrj kIiqaF ihrfsq ivwc rwiKaf jf skdf sI.

          ies hPLqy afr[ sI[ aYm[ pI[ izputI kimsLnr gYrI bfs eyar ieMzIaf bMb kFz qoN pIVHq pirvfrF nMU torFto, mFtrIal aqy vYnkUvr ivwc imly hn aqy ikhf hY ik Pors iqMn sflF qoN “ienvYsIgytv puwCigCL” krn dI iqafrI kr rhI sI aqy ieh mwd KLqm hox nfl mfmlf ivcy rih igaf hY. BfvyN afr[ sI[ aYm[ pI[ izputI kimsLnr ny eyar ieMzIaf bMb kFz dI pulsI-qPLqIsL jfrI rwKx df Brosf idwqf hY pr ies nfl qPLqIsL ivwc rukfvt jLrUr bxI hY. dUjy pfsy jsits jfn myjr df kimsLn ies bMb hfdsy dI juizsLl pVcol kr irhf hY. puils afpxI pwDr `qy ies dI vwKrI qPLqIsL jfrI rwK rhI hY. surwiKaf eyjMsI sIss ny mMinaF hY ik Aus dy eyjMt sfjsLIaF ipwCf kr rhy sn pr kuJ KfmIaF kfrn mfr Kf gey sn qy bMb kFz dI sfijLsL isry lwg geI sI. ilbrlF vloN apxfeI geI phuMc kfrn aqy lok rfey nMU iDafn ivwc rwKidaF ieh afiKaf jf skdf hY ilbrl surwiKaf dy mfmly ivwc afpxy pYr kuhfVf mfrn qur pey hn.                         

-blrfj idEl

 


bfdl vloN bdlf-lAU rfjnIqI qoN pRhyjL df sMkyq suLB sLgn!

 

          2007 dIaF iehnF coxF ivwc pMjfb ivwc irkfrzqoV votF peIaF hn. 76% qoN vwD votF pY jfxIaF bhuq vwzI gwl hY aqy Auh vI lwgBg sLFqI pUrn mhOl ivwc. pMjfb dIaF ieh coxF ZukvyN cox pRbMDF hyT hr sMBv pwKoN inrpwK hoeIaF hn. iehnF coxF df iksy vI rVk rwKx vflI rfjsI iDr ny bfeIkft nhIN kIqf aqy cox pRcfr vI bhuq Kuwl ky ivdysLF qwk hoieaf hY. ivdysLF qoN pYsf vI igaf hY aqy vwK vwK isafsI pfrtIaF dy smrQk vI gey hn. coxF ivwc joVqoV aqy isafsI kqfrbMdI vI zwt ky hoeI hY.

          117 sItF ivcoN votF 116 sItF `qy peIaF sn ijhnF ivwcoN akflI Bfjpf gwTjoV ny 67 sItF ijwq ky spsLt bhumwq hfsl kIqf hY. kFgrs dy pwly 44 sItF afeIaF hn aqy ajLfd 5 ijwqy hn ijhnF ivcoN 3 jF 4 nvIN srkfr df smrQn krn df aYlfn vI kr cuwky hn.

          coxF dy aYlfn qoN aYn pihlF muwK mMqrI kYptn amirMdr isMG eyny qfkqvr mihsUs krdy sn ik AuhnF iksy pfrtI nfl cox gwTjoV krn dI vI looV nf smJI. ipClIaF coxF ivwc kimAUinstF nfl AuhnF df cox gwTjoV sI ijs df AuhnF nMU BrpUr lfB hoieaf sI. coxF qoN bfad AuhnF sI pI afeI dy do vDfiekF nMU dlbdlI kr ky kFgrs ivwc af vVHn dI afigaf dy idwqI sI ijs nfl kimAUinst-kFgrs sihXog KtfeI ivwc pY igaf sI.

          ies dy nfl hI kYptn amirMdr isMG ny mrhUm rfsLtrpqI igafnI jLYl isMG vflI rfjnIqI KyzxI sLurU kr idwqI sI jo jYLl isMG hurF muwK mMqrI aqy gRih mMqrI huMidaF KyzI sI. ies nIqI df iswtf blU stfr aprysLn ivwc inkilaf sI jo awgoN pRDfn mMqrI ieMdrF gFDI dy kql, iswK ivroDI drdnfk dMigaF aqy pMjfb ivwc zyZ ku dhfkf cwlI KfnfjMgI df kfrn bixaF sI.

          kYpnt smrQk bhuq mfx nfl afiKaf krdy sn ik kYptn amirMdr isMG ny akflIaF qoN sfry muwdy Koh ley hn aqy hux akflI mudf rihq ho gey hn. ies nMU kYptn df pMQk eyjMzf vI afiKaf jFdf sI ijs hyT AuhnF pMjfb ivwc bfdl ivroDI Coty Coty dlF nMU mohrf bxf ky vriqaf, idwlI ivwc srnf BrfvF aqy ivdysLF ivwc vwsdy kwtVpMQIaf nfl sFJ pfeI. kYptn dy ies pMQk eyjMzy dy iswty vjoN jo lok kFgrs nMU iswKF dI dusLmx jmfq grdfinaF krdy sn Auh kFgrs dy gux gfAux lwg pey aqy keI bIqy nMU Buwl jfx dI vkflq krn lwg pey sn. afpxy afp ivwc ieh bhuq vwzI qbdIlI sI ijs nfl kYptn nMU coxF ivwc ijwq bhuq njLdIk njLr afAux lwg peI sI.

          pMjfb asMblI ivwc pfxIaF sbMDI sfry purfxy smJOqy rwd krn df mqf pfs krvf lYx nfl vI kYptn dI bhuq bwly bwly hoeI sI hflF ik ieh mqf akflIaF smyq sfrIaF iDrF dI srbsMqI nfl pfs hoieaf sI. drasl ieh mqf iek mqf hI sI ijs nfl awj qwk pfxIaF dy mfmly ivwc bdilaf kuJ nhIN hY. pfxI dI vMz df jo PfrmUlf ies mqy qoN pihlF lfgU sI Auh awj vI lfgU hY aqy Auh hux bfdl dy cOQy rfjBfg ivwc vI lfgU rihx dI sMBfvnf hY. bdilaf BfvyN kuJ vI nhIN sI pr kuJ lokF vloN kYptn nMU pMjfb dy pfxIaF dy rfKy vjoN pysL kIqf jfx lwg ipaf sI. pfxIaF dy mfmly ivwc pMjfb dy lokF nMU aYsy Bfvukqf dy cwkr ivwc pf idwqf igaf hY ijs ivcoN iksy iknfry lwgxf asfnI nfl sMBv nhIN hY. ies ivwc akflIaF df vI brfbr df ksUr hY ijhnF ny hirafxf ivwc pihlF dyvI lfl aqy hux cOtflf nfl inwjI dosqI vI rwKI hY aqy nfl hI hirafxf ivruwD pMjfb dy lokF nMU lgfqfr Auksfieaf vI hY.

          coxF qoN pihlF iek pfsy jd kYptn amirMdr isMG afpxy “pMQk eyjMzy” dy jfdU dy Brm ivwc Pisaf bYTf sI qF akflI dl pMjfb dI votr-bxqr dI aslIaq dy aDfr `qy afpxIaF nIqIaF GVn aqy lfgU krn dI ivAuNqbMdI kr irhf sI. bfdl aMdr bYTf qjrbykfr Gfg isafsqdfn kYptn vloN “pMQk eyjMzy” dy rUp ivwc lgfeI geI kuiVkI nMU pihcfx igaf sI ijs df mksd akflIaF nUM ksUqy PsfAux sI. kYptn dy pMQk eyjMzy dy tfkry vfsqy akflIaF vloN afpxf hor qyjL qrfr pMQk eyjMzf pysL kIqy jfx dI afs sI ijs nfl pMjfb df ihMdU votr zr ky kFgrs dy hwk ivwc Bugq jfx dI afs sI. akflIaF vloN afpxf juvfbI qyjL qrfr pMQk eyjMzf nf pysL kIqy jfx dI sUrq ivwc dysI aqy ivdysLI iswK kwtVpMQIaF vloN pMjfb dy iswK votr nMU akflIaF iKlfPL Auksfieaf jfxf sI jo AuhnF kIqf jLrUr pr ies df asr kuJ nf hoieaf. akflI dl ny afpxf pMQk eyjMzf pysL qF kI krnf sI AuhnF pMQk eyjMzy df ijLkr qwk vI nf kIqf aqy afpxIaF cox nIqIaF nMU srbpwKI rwKidaF pUry sMquln ivwc rwiKaf.

          eyQy hI bws nhIN akflI Bfjpf gwTjoV ny rfjsI pYNqVybfjLI ivwc iek mfrkf hor mfiraf. akflIaF ny nvyN cox inXmF aqy pMjfb dI abfdI dI aslIaq nMU iDafn ivwc rwK ky keI hlikaF ivwc ihMdU AumIdvfrF nMU itktF idwqIaF aqy Bfjpf ny iswK AumIdvfrF nMU. ies qrF akflI Bfjpf gwTjoV dI cox pYNqVybfjLI lokF dy bhuq nyVy sI. hflFik akflIaF nMU ies kfrgr nIqI qoN BtkfAux vfsqy dysI aqy ivdysLI iswK ktVpMQIaF aqy pMjfb ivwc afpxy afp nMU agFhvDU qy Kwby pwK aKvfAux vflI pRYs dy iek ihwsy ny pUrf jLor lgfieaf.

          iehnF coxF ny kFgrsIaF aqy kwtVpMQIaF dI sFJ nMU vI pUrI qrF nMgf kr idwqf hY aqy ieh vI sfbq kr idwqf hY ik kwtVpMQI asl ivwc AudfrvfdI iswK soc dy dusLmx hn. eysy kfrn AuhnF nMU sLRomxI akflI dl nfloN amirMdr dI agvfeI vflI kFgrs vDyry pMQk ivKfeI idMdI hY. pMjfb kFgrs aqy amirMdr isMG vfsqy “pMQk eyjMzf” Gfqk sfbq hoieaf hY.

          kYptn amirMdr isMG vfsqy iehnF coxF ivwc 2 cMgIaF GtnfvF jLrUr vfprIaF hn ijhnF dI axhoNd AuhnF dy isafsI jIvn vfsqy lgdy hwQ hI qbfhkun hoxI sI. iek qF swcf sOdf PYktr ijs dy shfry kFgrs mflvy dy ielfky ivwc akflIaF qoN kuJ sItF Kohx ivwc kfmXfb hoeI hY aqy dUjf kFgrs pRDfn dUloN df hfr jfxf. ies hfr qoN bfad amirMdr hux bhuqI dyr pMjfb kFgrs dy afgU nhIN bxy rih skxgy pr dUloN dI hfr kfrn AuhnF nMU kuJ smF hor iml jfvygf.

          amirMdr isMG dy 13 dy krIb mMqrIaF dy hfr jfx nfl vI kFgrs dIaF buinafdI KfmIaF jLfhr hoeIaF hn. cODrI jgjIq isMG aqy avqfr hYnrI vrgy mUhrlI kqfr dy mMqrIaF dy hfr jfx nfl kFgrs nMU krfrf Jtkf lwigaf hY. kFgrs vfsqy ieh afpf-pVcol df vylf hY aqy kFgrs nMU afpxy buinafdI Drm-inrpwK krYktr `qy pihrf dyx dI loV hY. ieh TIk hY ik sfrIaF rfjsI pfrtIaF hI QoVHf bhuqf Drm df pwqf KyzdIaF hn pr Drm inrpwK aKvfAux vflI iksy pfrtI vfloN ieh iksy surwiKaq hwd ivwc hI Kyizaf jfxf cfhIdf hY.

          akflI-Bfjpf gwTjoV koeI nvF nhIN  hY aqy ies qoN pMjfb dy ihwqF nMU koeI KLqrf vI nhIN hY. Bfjpf vI kFgrs vFg Bfrq aqy BfrqIaF dI afpxI rfjsI pfrtI hI hY ijs dIaF nIqIaF nfl sihmq jF aismq hox df hr iksy nMU hwk hY. akflI dl vrgIaF KyqrI pfrtIaF nfl gwTjoV kfiem krn nfl Bfjpf df rfjsI eyjMzf AudfrvfdI huMdf hY jo ik dysL dy ihwq ivwc hY. akflI dl dI bxqr aqy nIqIaF df “pMjfbIkrn” vI iek sLuB sLgun hY. akflI dl nMU ieh aihsfs vI ho igaf hY ik pMjfb ivwc rfj-sLkqI dI pRfpqI vfsqy kFgrs nMU hrfAuxf jLrUrI hY aqy kFgrs nMU hrfAux vfsqy Bfjpf nfl sFJ aqy srbpwKI nIqIaF jLrUrI hn.

          bIqy pMj sfl dy rfjkfl dOrfn kYptn vloN injI iksm dy hmilaF kfrn bfdl pirvfr aMdro aMdrI guwsy qF jLrUr hovygf pr ijwq qoN bfad pRkfsL bfdl vloN bdl-lAU isafsq qoN pRhyjL krn df jo aYlfn kIqf igaf hY Auh iek sLuB sLgun hY. AuhnF hr kMm kfnMUn dy dfiery ivwc rih ky krn df sMklp ilaf hY ijs vfsqy AuhnF nMU afpxy byty nMU vI sihmq krnf pvygf. kYptn dy keI mYgf prfjYkt ijhnF ivwc keI vwzIaF aqy bhu-kOmI kMpnIaF nMU luwt dy Bfa jLmInF idwqIaF geIaF hn, mukMml CfxbIx dI mMg krdy hn. pr ieh swB kuJ kfnUMn dy dfiery ivwc rih ky hI hoxf cfhIdf hY. rvfieq aqy iensfnI suBfE muqfibk s: pRkfsL isMG bfdl dy prF hyT bIbI bfdl aqy bytf suKbIr bfdl coKI rfjsI qfkq hfsl kr lYxgy pr cMgf iehI hovygf ik sMivDfnk qfkq dI vrqoN sMivDfnk hwQF ivwc hI rhy.

-blrfj idEl

 



Bfrq-pfik sbMD nvyN dOr `c dfKLl,

bMb Dmfky gwzI aqy gwlbfq dovF nMU rokx `c asPl rhy

          Bfrq aqy pfiksqfn sbMDF ivwc kuVwqx qkrIbn 60 sfl purfxI hY. siBak mnuwK dy ieiqhfs ivwc swB qoN vwzI abfdI qbdIlI (mfeIgrysLn) dy nfm nfl jfxI jFdI sMn 1947 dI dysL dI KOPLnfk vMz, lwKF mfsUmF dy kqlF df kfrn bxI sI. kudrqI afPLqF, mnuwKI loVF jF lVfeIaF kfrn mfeIgrysLn (abfdI qbdIlI) aksr huMdI afeI hY pr sMn 1947 dI vMz ny ijs pwDr `qy lokF nMU vKq pfieaf sI Aus dI imsfl nf koeI pihlF imldI hY aqy nf hI kdy ies qoN ipwCoN imlI hY. ies qrfsdI df aMq jy lwKF mfsUmF dy KUn dI kurbfnI lY ky 1947 ivwc hI ho jFdf qd vI cMgf sI pr ieh awj qwk vI kurbfnIaF mMg rhI hY. Bfrq aqy pfiksqfn 1948, 1965 aqy 1971 ivwc iqMn muwK XuwD kr cuwky hn aqy kfrigl XuwD smyq pMjfb aqy ksLmIr ivwc dihsLqgrd lihrF dI Aupj dy kfrnF ivwc vI ies vMz dI kuVwqx iewk aihm kfrn hY.

          amrIkf ivwc 9/11 dihsLqgrd hmlf dunIaF ivwc nvIN kqfrbMdI df kfrn bixaF hY ijs nfl Bfrq dunIaF ivwc pRBfvI ho ky inkilaf hY. Bfrq dI afriQk kfmXfbI ny ies pRBfv nMU hor cfr cMn lgfAux df kMm kIqf hY. ies dy nfl hI pfiksqfn nMU hwQF nfl idwqIaF dMdF nfl Kohlx leI mjbUr hoxf ipaf hY. dihsLqgrdI nfl inptx dy mfmly ivwc pfiksqfn df gujLfrf lolopopo krn nfl nhI ho sikaf awj dunIaF pfiksqfn qoN kfrgr kfrvfeI krn dI mMg krdI hY. dunIaF dIaF njLrF isrPL aPLgfn-pfik bfrzr `qy hI nhIN lwgIaF hoeIaF sgoN amrIkf dy hjLfrF sYink, mfhr aqy jsUs pfiksqfn ivwc awzy jmfeI bYTy hn. pfiksqfn dI hr hrkq aqy pfiksqfn dy aMdr ieslfimk kwtVpMQIaF iDrF dI hr hrkq AuWqy amrIkf aqy hor pwCmI dysLF dI iswDI njLr hY.

          AuDr al-kfiedf, qfilbfn aqy ieslfimk kwtVpMQI vI ies aslIaq qoN vfkPL hn. pfiksqfn dI aPLsrsLfhI, POj, surwiKaf qMqr aqy jsUsI eyjMsIaF ivwc ieslfimk kwtVpMQIaF dy sYWl hn. pfiksqfn  dI srkfr dI bFh vylxy ivwc afeI hoeI hY. ieslfimk kwtVpMqIaF aqy dunIaF dovF nMU KusL rwKxf aqy nfl hI pfiksqfn dy kOmI ihwqF aqy afpxy inwjI ihwqF nMU surwiKaq rwKxf pfiksqfnI srkfr vfsqy musLkl ho igaf hY. iehI kfrn hY ik hux pfiksqfnI hfkm jnrl pRvyjL musLwrPL ny kuJ spsLtqf ivKfAuxI sLurU kr idwqI hY. Bfrq nfl ksLmIr muwdy smyq dihsLqgrdI nMU kfbU krn vfsqy keI kdm puwty gey hn ijhnF nMU dunIaF ny jI afieaF afiKaf hY pr kwtVpMQI hor KPLf hoey hn. pfik pRsLfsLn dI bFh mroVn vfsqy ieslfimk kwtVpMQIaF ny pfiksqfn dy aMdr Esy iksm dIaF kfrvfeIaF afrMB kr idwqIaF hn ijs iksm dIaF Auh aPLgfinsqfn, Bfrq aqy pwCmI dysLF ivwc krdy jF krvfAuNNdy sn. pfiksqfn ivwc pRDfn jnrl musLrwPL aqy pRDfn mMqrI  smyq keI afgUaF nMU mfrn vfsqy hmly hoey jF hmly plfn kIqy gey hn. ajy 20 PrvrI vfly idn hI gwujrFvflf ivc pfiksqfnI sUby dI mihlf mMqrI bIbI ijLly humf Ausmfn dI Aus vyly mwQy ivc golI mfr ky hwiqaf kr idwqI geI jdoN Auh pfrtI mIitMg ivc BfsLn dyx leI mMc vwl vwD rhI sI. kfrn ieh dwisaf igaf hY ik bIbI ny ieslfimk sLrIaF muqfibk burkf nhIN sI pfieaf hoieaf. bIqy hPLqy hI iek afqmGfqI hmly ivwc jwj smyq 15 ivakqI adflq ivwc mfr idwqy gey sn. sfdy lPLjLF ivwc ieh afiKaf jf skdf hY ik pfiksqfn Kud Es dihsLqgrdI df isLkfr hox lwg ipaf hY jo Aus ny Bfrq nMU sbk isKfAux vfsqy aPLgfinsqfn `qy sovIaq kbjLy dI afV ivwc pYdf kIqI sI aqy ijs dI amrIkf ny Kuwl ky zflrF, imjLfeIlF, bMbF, grnyzF aqy asfltF nfl mdd kIqI sI.

          Bfrq ivwc hoey hr dihsLqgrd hmly dIaF qMdF aksr pfiksqfn nfl juVdIaF rhIaF hn aqy dovF dysLF ivwc kuVwqx vDx df krn bxdIaF rhIaF hn. iehnF qMdF ivwc pfik KuPIaf eyjMsIaF df hwQ Bfrq vfsqy gihrI icMqf df ivsLf irhf hY. pfik KuPIaf eyjMsIaF ieh kuJ afpxy rfjsI afgUaF dI slfh nfl krdIaF rhIaF hn jF afp muhfry hI krdIaF rhIaF hn ieh gwl qF Auh hI jfxdIaF hn pr afeI aYs afeI df dihsLqgrdI nfl sbMD hux sfbq ho cuwkf hY. pfiksqfn hmysLF hI Bfrq dy ajyhy dosLF df KMzn krdf irhf hY pr ieAuN lgdf hY ik bIqy kuJ sflF qoN pfik afgU ies qoN icMquq jLrUr hoey hn.

          bIqy somvfr nMU idwlI qoN 600 dy krIb musfiPLrF nMU lY ky pfiksqfn leI rvfnf hoeI “atfrI aYkspRYs” ryl gwzI ivwc hoey bMb DmfikaF ivwc 68 ivakqIaF dI iBafnk mOq ny Bfrq-pfik sbMDF ivwc nvyN dOr dI sLurUafq kIqI hY. atfrI qoN bfrzr pfr jfx leI “smJOqf aYkspRYs” nfl joVn vflI ies gwzI dy iekwly 68 musfPLr aqy do zwby hI sV ky suafh nhIN hoey, iehnF nfl 60 sfl purfxI kuVwqx df kuJ ihwsf vI sV ky suafh ho igaf hY. pihlI vfr dihsLqgrdF dI GnOxI sLrfrq df isLkfr BfrqI aqy pfiksqfnI sLihrI iekwTy hI hoey hn.

          ieh hmlf iksy igxI-imwQI sfijsL hyT pfiksqfn dy ivdyÈ mMqrI KurÈId mihmUd ksUrI dI Bfrq Xfqrf qoN aYn pihlF kIqf igaf sI. dihsLqgrdF nMU ies gwl dI pUrI afs hovygI ik ies nfl ksUrI df Bfrq dOrf rwd ho jfvygf aqy dovF dysLF ivckfr gwlbfq df dOr lIhoN lih jfvygf. pr kudrq nMU ies vfr kuJ vwKrf hI mnjLUr sI qy hoieaf dihsLqgrdF dI ies afs dy aYn Elt, ieh Dmfky Bfrq aqy pfik nMU iek dUjy dy nyVy lY afey hn.  nf ksUrI df dOrf rwd hoieaf aqy nf dihsLqgrd gwzI qy gwlbfq rokx ivwc kfmXfb hoey hn. hfdsy dy bfvjUd “smJOqf aYkspRYs” iPr cwlI hY BfvyN vfDU surwiKaf hyT cwlI hY qy dovF dysLF ny ies nMU cldf rwKx df pRx duhrfieaf hY.

          ksUrI dI ies PyrI dOrfn Bfrq aqy pfiksqfn ny pRmfxU KLqrf GtfAux vfsqy smJOqy `qy dsqKLq kIqy hn, ksLmIr bfry gwlbfq kIqI hY, sfeIicMn glysLIar bfry gwlbfq kIqI hY aqy vpfr smyq prspr mhwqqf vfly hor mfmly ivcfry hn. dihsLqgrdI dI inMdf kIqI hY aqy dovF dysLF ivwc Psy iek dUjy dysL dy kYdIaF dI irhfeI vfsqy sFJf ZFcf lfgU krn vwl kdm vDfey hn. kYdIaF sbMDI bxfeI jf rhI sFJI kmytI ivc inXukqI leI pfiksqfn ny 4 jwjF dy nF Bfrq nUM dy idwqy hn qy Bfrq vloN ajy nF idwqy jfxy hn. kYdIaF dy mfmilaF sbMDI syvf mukq jwjF dI kmytI gTn krn bfry sihmqI dovF dysLF ivcfly ieslfmfbfd ivc hoeI mIitMg dOrfn hoeI sI. ieh kmytI dovF dysLF dIaF jylHF df dOrf krygI ijs nfl AunHF kYdIaF dI irhfeI afsfn ho jfvygI ijnHF dI sjLf pUrI ho geI hY.

          hfdsy ivwc mfry gey keI pfik sLihrIaF dIaF lfsLF pfiksqfn puwjIaF hn aqy aMiqm dPLn rsmF mOky lokF dI mfqmI BIV ny dihsLqgrdF nMU iPtkfrF pfeIaF hn qy dovF dysLF ivc sfjLgfr sbMDF dI kfmnf kIqI hY. ieDr mfry gey irsLqydfrF dI Bfl ivwc Bfrq afey pfik sLihrIaF dI afE-Bgq hoeI hY aqy dovF dysLF dy pIVHq sLihrI iewk dUjy dy glL lwg lwg roey hn. ies dy nfl hI Bfrq aqy pfiksqfn dy sbMD nvyN AusfrU dOr ivwc dfKl ho gey hn ijs nfl iKwqy ivwc amn aqy KusLhflI dI afs bwJI hY.

-blrfj idEl

 


nvIN srkfr vfsqy cox vfady pUry krny  afsfn nhIN hoxgy!

          iekf-dukf GtnfvF nMU Cwz ky 13 PrvrI dIaF pMjfb asMblI dy 117 ivcoN 115 hlikaF dIaF coxF amn-amfn nfl isry cVH geIaF hn. vltohf ivDfn sBf hlky dI cox sI pI afeI dy AumIdvfr dI mOq qoN bfad mulqvI kr idwqI sI ijwQy hux 24 PrvrI nMU votF  pYxgIaF. ihMsf kfrn ibafs hlky dI cox 11 mfrc qwk mulqvI kr idwqI geI sI. ies hlky ivwc 29 jnvrI ƒ akflI qy kFgrsI vrkrF `c hoeI ihMsk JVp `c iek akflI vrkr dI mOq ho geI sI. ies Gtnf qoN bfad cox kimsLn hor vI sKLq ho igaf sI aqy ibafs hlky dI cox 19 mfrc qwk mulqvI kr ky cox kimsLn ny sLrfrqIaF nMU spsLt sMdysL vI dy idwqf sI.

           imlIaF KLbrF muqfibk pMjfb ivwc 76% voitMg hoeI hY jo ik afpxy afp ivwc iewk nvF rIkfrz hY. ies qoN pihlF 1969 dIaF mwDkflI coxF ivwc 72[2 PLIsdI voitMg hoeI sI jo ik awj qwk df rIkfrz sI ijs nMU iehnF coxF ivwc pMjfb dy votrF ny qoV idwqf hY. 76% qoN vwD voitMg do kfrnF krky hor vI mhwqqf rwKdI hY. pihlF kfrn ieh hY ik Bfrq smyq dunIaF Br ivwc voitMg dr GtdI jf rhI hY. amrIkf aqy kYnyzf vrgy dysLF ivwc vI voitMg dr lgfqfr hyTF vl nMU jf rhI hY ies leI pMjfb ivwc voitMg dr vDxf suLB sLgn hY. dUjf kfrn 13 PrvrI vfly idn df Krfb mOsm hY ijs dI prvfh nf kridaF hoieaF votrF ny eynI igxqI ivwc votF pfeIaF hn.

          voitMg ivwc koeI mfVI motI bykYdgI ho skdI hY pr iksy vwzI pwDr dI hyrfPyrI hox dI vI koeI KLbr nhIN hY. 90% qoN vwD votrF kol Poto afeI zI kfrz sn aqy kuJ mfhrF muqfibk ies kfrn vI votr afpxI mhwqqf mihsUs kr rhy sn. kuJ lok coxF ivwc vwzI pwDr `qy nsLy vrqy jfx dI sLkfieq vI kr rhy hn jo gwl burI qF jLrUr hY pr koeI jwgoN qyhrvIN gwl nhIN hY. nisLaF `qy kfbU pfAuxf iksy iek pfrtI dy vws df rog nhIN hY. dunIaF Br dy pMjfbI BfeIcfry ivwc coxF dOrfn iek iksm df “nsLf klcr” pYdf ho cuwkf hY ijs nMU afsfnI nfl dUr kIqf jfxf sMBv  hI nhIN jfpdf. sgoN ieh hor psrdf jf irhf hY aqy kYnyzf vrgy dysL ivwc ieh hux hor BfeIcfiraF ivwc vI PYldf jf irhf hY.

          kuJ hlikaF ivwc votF KrIdx dI crcf vI sunx nMU imlI hY pr ieh gwl hux votr dI jLmIr `qy KVI hY ik Aus ny afpxI vot afpxy BivK vfsqy vrqxI hY jF afpxI GVI ku dI loV pUrI krn vfsqy vrqxI hY. dysL df kfnUMn aqy cox kimsLn Es iksm dIaF bykYdgIaF hI dUr kr skdy hn ijhnF nMU dUr krn vfsqy votr Kud qwqpr hovy aqy jo votr `qy TosIaF jFdIaF hox. jy votr afp iksy bykYdgI df jfxbuwJ ky ihwsf bx jfvy qF ies bImfrI df koeI ielfj nhIN hY. iPr vI ieh dfavy nfl afiKaf jf skdf hY ik pMjfb coxF inXmbwD ZMg nfl hoeIaF hn aqy votF dI KrIdo-ProKq afm vrqfrf nhIN hY.

          aOsq aqy afs qoN vwD voitMg hox dy isitaF bfry keI iksm dy ikafs lgfey jf rhy hn. kuJ mfhrF df iKafl hY ik jd kdy vI vwD voitMg huMdI hY qF ies df rfj kr rhI pfrtI nMU nuksfn huMdf hY. ies qrk nfl pMjfb ivwc kFgrs dy rfj dy pqn dy iswty vI pysL kIqy jf rhy hn. kuJ mfhr vwD voitMg nMU kFgrs vfsqy vrdfn vI mMn rhy hn AuhnF df qrk hY ik vwD voitMg df kfrn votr kol Poto kfrz, PsvF cox pRcfr aqy kYptn srkfr dI “vDIaf” kfrgujLfrI hY. kfrn koeI vI hovy vwD voitMg jmhUrI pRIikRaf vfsqy sLuB hY aqy ies df iswtf vI sLuB hI mMinaF jfxf cfhIdf hY ikAuNik ieh votrF dI iewCf df pRqIk hY.

          musLkl kMm nvIN srkfr vfsqy votrF dIaF AumIdF `qy pUrf Auqrn df hovygf jo rfjsI afgUaF ny qrF qrF dy vafdy kr ky bhuq vDf leIaF geIaF hn. lokqMqr ivwc aksr rfjsI pfrtIaF afpxy cox pRogrfm votrF nMU afpxy vwl iKwcx vfsqy hI pysL krdIaF hn. iehnF cox vfidaF ivwc votrF nMU kuJ nf kuJ dyx dIaF dI gwl kIqIaF jFdIaF hn, lYx df ijLkr iblkul nhIN kIqf jFdf. iek njLrIey nfl vyKIey qF ieh vfady votr nMU irsLvq dyx jF votF KrIdx vflI gwl hI hY. pr lok rfj ivwc votF KrIdx df ieh qrIkf pRvfn hY ikAuNik ieh jfhrf rUp ivwc votrF nMU dws ky kIqf jf irhf huMdf hY. hux jy votr buwDU hovy qF ieh votr df afpxf ksUr hY.

          rfjBfg clfAux vfsqy lYx aqy dyx dovyN hI krny pYNdy hn sgoN cMgy rfj pRbMD ivwc lYx aqy dyx ivwc qMqrusq sMquln kfiem krnf pYNdf hY. srkfrI kMm mfieaf nfl huMdy hn aqy mfieaf vwK vwK iksm dy tYksF qoN iekwTI kIqI jFdI hY aqy tYks srkfr lokF qoN hI lYNdI hY qy Krc rfj pRbMD aqy lok BlfeI dy kMm clfAux vfsqy krdI hY.

          pMjfb dIaF coxF mOky vwK vwK pfrtIaF Kfs kr kFgrs aqy akflI dl vloN kIqy gey vfidaF vwl vyKIey qF “dyx” vfsqy kIqy gey vfady eyny hn ik iksy vI bnx vflI srkfr kol dyx vfsqy eynf afvygf ikwQoN? ieAuN lgdf hY ik  nvIN bnx vflI srkfr nMU afpxy vfady pUry krn vfsqy swB kuJ lutf dyxf pvygf.  akflIaF vloN grIbF vfsqy 4 rupey iklo aftf aqy 20 rupey iklo dflF dyx vflf vfadf ijs nMU kFgrs ny vI qkrIbn apxf ilaf sI koeI pRYktIkl vfadf nhIN hY. ies nfl grIbF nMU koeI lfB puwjy nf puwjy srkfrI izpU clfAux vflI srkfrI msLInrI aqy ies msLInrI dy mflk jLrUr bfgobfg ho jfxgy.

          iksfnF nMU muPLq ibjlI qoN sLurU ho ky mjLdUrF nMU muPLq ibjlI (sLfied 200 XUiunt) qwk dy vfady pMjfb dI afriQkqf nMU qbfh krn vfly hI hn. muPLq nihrI pfxI df vfadf nihrF ivwc Gfh AugfAux qoN vwD kuJ nhIN afiKaf jf skdf. muPLq nihrI pfxI dy KoKly vfady nfloN nihrF ivwc loV mOky pfxI AuplBd hoxf ikqy vwD lfBdfiek ho skdf hY. eysy qrF muPLq ibjlI dy vfady nfl KflI qfrF df kunYksLn lY ky sfrf idn ibjlI AuzIkI jfx nfloN pYsy adf krky ibjlI BrIaF qfrF df kunYksLn ikqy vwD cMgf hY. nihrI pfxI aqy ibjlI muhweIaf krn vfsqy srkfr nMU Krc krnf pvygf aqy muPLq dyx nfl pwly kuJ nhIN pvygf. ivBfg dy krmcfrIaF dIaF qnKfhF keI keI mhIny adf nhIN kIqIaF jf skxgIaF ijs nfl mfVI motI iglsuk vI jFdI rhygI.

          mihkmf ibjlI df hovy jF nihrF df jF koeI hor hovy ijs mihkmy ivwc sMquln nhIN  hovygf, ijs ivwc ijMLmyvfrI dI loV nhIN hovygI Auh pUrIaF nhIN pf skdf. pMjfb dI afriQkqf nMU clfAux vfsqy muPLq ibjlI dy Poky vfady nfloN swcINmucIN dI ibjlI dI loV hovygI ijs dI pYdfvfr vDfAux vfsqy hor pYsy dI loV pvygI.

          pMjfb srkfr kol AuplBd sroqF nMU iDafn ivwc rwK ky iksy vI af rhI srkfr vfsqy lokF nfl kIqy keI “muPLq” vfly cox vfady pUry krnf afsfn kMm nhIN hovygf.

-blrfj idEl

 


ilbrlF df “Kotf ikEto” ivrlfp!

vfqfvrx dy sLuDIkrn leI ikEto qoN vI awgy vDx dI loV

          kYnyzf ies smyN “vfqfvrx buKfLr” dI gRsq ivwc hY. vwK vwK srvyKxF muqfibk dysL lokF dy mnF ivwc vfqfvrx pRdUsLx ies mOky muK muwdf bixaF hoieaf hY. koeI smF sI jd ishq syvfvF aqy afriQkqf lokF leI muwK muwdf sn pr hux hfl dI GVI vfqfvrx swB qoN awgy inkl cuwkf hY. iehI kfrn hY ik hr vrg dy isafsdfn hux vfqfvrx df rfg AuWcI AuWcI alfpx lwg pey hn. grIn pfrtI dI vD rhI lok-pRIXqf aYn zI pI leI KLqrf hY aqy juvfb ivwc aYn zI pI df vDyry sKLq “vfqfvrx rfg” ilbrlF dI nINd hrfm krdf hY. srkfr clfAux dI ijLmyvfrI qoN surKrU hoey ilbrlF vfsqy “vfqfvrx dy rfKy” bnx df shI aqy ssqf mOkf hY ijs nfl blfk ikbYWk aqy kMsrvtv pfrtI dovF vfsqy isafsI KLqrf pYdf huMdf hY. votF dI isafsq ivwc sfrIaF hI rfjsI pfrtIaF vfqfvrx bfry ajyhy dmgjLy mfr rhIaF hn jo prYktIkl Gwt qy isafsI DUV vwD pYdf kr rhy hn. ies nfl lok vfqfvrx bfry hor icMquq hox dy nfl nfl BMblBUsy df vI isLkfr ho rhy hn.

          iehnF kflmF ivwc “ikEto akfrz” df keI vfr crcf kr cuwky hF aqy muwK Dfrf dy mIzIey ivwc vI qkrIbn hr rojL hI ikEto df ijLkr ho irhf hY. ikEto akfrz jF sMDI 1998 ivwc XF ikRqIaF dI ilbrl srkfr mOky shIbMd kIqI geI sI ijs muqfibk kYnyzf ny 1990 nMU aDfr bxf ky sfl 2008 qoN 2012 qwk “grIn hfAUs gYsF” dI pdfiesL ivwc 6% dI ktOqI krnI sI. sfl 2004 dI iewk srkfrI rport muqfibk kYnyzf ies ivwc burI qrf asPl irhf hY aqy “grIn hfAUs gYsF” dI pdfiesL ivwc 6% dI ktOqI dI jgfH (sfl 2004 qwk) ies ivwc 27% qoN vwD df vfDf ho igaf sI. jy 27% qoN vwD dy vfDy ivwc 6% ktOqI df tIcf joV leIey qF kYnyzf ies smyN ikEto tIcy qoN 33-34% qoN vwD dUr hY. ies df iswDf jtkf ihsfb lgfeIey qF kYnyzf nMU hux ies tIcy nMU pRfpq krn vfsqy “grIn hfAUs gYsF” dI pdfiesL ivwc 34% dI ktOqI krnI pvygI jF ieMJ afK lE ik hr Auh kMm, hrkq jF msLIn dI vrqoN 34% Gwt krnI pvygI ijs nfl “grIn hfAUs gYsF” pYdf huMdIaF hn. kI sfry isafsqdfn aqy Kfs kr awg-bbUly ho rhy ilbrl afpxIaF kfrF dI vrqoN 34% Gwt, afpxy GrF dI hIitMg qy eyarkMzIsLinMg 34% Gwt, jhfjL jF ryl gwzI ivwc sPr 34% Gwt, tfielt pypr qoN kwpVy, kwpVy Dox aqy afpxI hr vrqoN dI vsqU ivwc 34% ktOqI krn vfsqy qurMq iqafr hn? jy qurMq nhIN qF kI Auh ajyhf 2-4-6 sflF ivwc kr skdy hn? jy nhIN kr skdy qF ikEto df tIcf vI pUrf nhIN ho skdf.

          kihx vfsqy 34% ktOqI krnI bhuq afsfn hY pr ies nMU hfsl krnf bhuq musLkl hI nhIN  bhuq mihMgf vI hY. GrF aqy hor iemfrqF ivwc hIt, eyar kMzIsLinMg, kuikMg aqy hor kMmF vfsqy ibjlI, gYs jF qyl dI vrqoN 34% Gwt krn vfsqy keI iksm dy Xqn krny pYxgy ijvyN solr aYnrjI dI vrqoN, vDIaf iksm dy Gwt bflx Kfx vfly aplfieMs, vDIaf iensUlysLn aqy aYnrjI bcfAU afdqF bxfAux aqy lfgU krn dI smrQf. ieh swB kuJ krn vfsqy sflF bwDI smF aqy zflrF dIaF pMzF vI cfhIdIaF hn ijs nfl nvIN qknIk KrIdI aqy vrqoN ivwc ilaFdI jfvygI. trFsport ivwc kfrF, jhfjLF, ryl gwzIaF, smfn vfhk smuMdrI jhfjLF, hvfeI jhfjLF, tYksIaF, trwkF aqy ieMzstrI ivwc vrqIaF jFdIaF qkrIbn hr iksm dIaF msLInF dI jF qF vrqoN 34% Gwt krnI pvygI aqy jF iehnF swB nMU bdl ky 34% Gwt bflx (qyl qy ibjlI afid) Kfx vflIaF msLInF, kfrF, motrF, trwk qy jhfjL afid KrIdxy pYxgy. kI ajyhf krnf 2-4-6 sflF ivwc sMBv hY? jy nhIN qF ikEto df tIcf pUrf krnf vI sMBv nhIN hY.

          knyzIan sMsd ivwc iewk isafsI qmfsLf ies somvfr nMU hoieaf hY ijs ivwc ilbrlF, aYn zI pI vfilaF aqy blfk ikbYWk ny rlL ky iek mqf pfs kIqf hY ijs ivwc kYnyzf srkfr nMU “ikEto akfrz” pUrI qrF lfgU krn vfsqy qfVnf kIqI geI hY. ieh mqf 165 dy mukfbly 115 votF nfl pfs hoieaf hY. ieh mqf ilafAux aqy pfs krn vflIaF iqMno pfrtIaF hI jfxdIaF hn ik ikEto tIcf inrDrq smyN ivwc pUrf kIqf jfxf sMBv hI nhIN hY. awj dy ilbrl afgU styPLn izEN, XF ikRqIaF dI srkfr ivwc mMqrI sn ijs ny ikEto `qy dsqKq kIqy sn aqy pfl mfrtn dI srkfr ivwc vfqfvrx ivBfg dy mMqrI sn ijs ny ikEto tIcy nMU lfgU krnf sI. sRI styPLn izEN aqy AuhnF dIaF ilbrl srkfrF ies ivwc burI qrf asPLl rhIaF aqy AuhnF “grIn hfAUs gYsF” dI pdfiesL ivwc 6% dI ktOqI krn dI bjfey 27% qoN vwD df hor vfDf kr idwqf ijs nfl awj kYnyzf ikEto tIcy qoN 34% vwD pRdUsLx pYdf kr irhf hY. ikEto aqy vfqfvrx dy mfmly ivwc ilbrlF dI kfrgujLfrI nMU vyKIey qF ilbrl hwd drjy dy JUTy aqy mkfr hn. ilbrlF df ikEto ivrlfp inrf zrfmf hI hY. awj ilbrl afgU styPLn izEN afKdf hY ik jy awj Auh dysL  df pRDfn mMqrI bx jfvy qF Auh ikEto df tIcf hfsl kr lvygf. pwuCxf bxdf hY ik jd dysL dI qfkq Aus dI pfrtI aqy Aus dy afpxy hwQF ivwc sI qF Aus ny kI kIqf sI?

          ikEto akfrz afpxy ivwc iewk asMqulq akfrz jF sMDI hY ijs ivwc KfmIaF hI KfmIaF hn. pihlI gwl ieh hY ik ies akfrz qNo amrIkf, cIn aqy Bfrq vrgy keI dysL jo rwj ky “grIn hfAUs gYsF” pYdf krdy hn, mukq hn. amrIkf ny ies sMDI `qy dsqKq hI nhIN kIqy aqy Bfrq qy cIn nMU ies bhfny Cot dy idwqI geI ik AuhnF dI afriQkqf ajy qrwkI dy rfh peI hI hY qy AuhnF nMU vI kuJ dyr ibnF bMdsLF dy qrwkI krn dI ajfLdI hoxI cfhIdI ijs df afnMd mfx ky ivksq dysLF ny dunIaF dy vfqfvrx df BwTf ibTfieaf hY. kI iehnF vwzy dysLF nMU bfhr rwK ky dunIaF dy vfqfvrx df sLuDIkrn kr ilaf jfvygf? amrIkf ny ies sMDI `qy dsqKLq ies leI nhIN sn kIqy ikAuNik ies sMDI vfsqy gwlbfq krn vfsqy amrIkf ny AuWc drjy dy mfhrF dI tIm 1998 ivwc ikEto nfm dy sLihr ivwc ByjI hoeI sI ijwQy ieh akfrz kIqI geI sI. amrIkn mfhr ies sMDI `qy dsqKLq krn dI asl kImq jfxdy sn jd ik kYnyzf vloN Byijaf igaf zYlIgysLn AuWc muhfrq qoN swKxf aqy vfqfvrx pRqI Bfvukqf  nfl nwko nwk Biraf hoieaf sI.

          ies sMDI muqfibk sihmq hoey dysLF nMU AuhnF gYsF dI pdfiesL ivwc ktOqI krnI pvygI jo DrqI dy vfqfvrx nMU grm krn ivwc shfeI huMdIaF hn eysy kfrn hI iehnF gYsF nMU “grIn hfAUs gYsF” df nfm idwqf igaf sI. sMDI muqfibk kYnyzf ny iehnF gYsF dI pdfiesL sfl 2008 qo sfl 2012 qwk slfnf 563 imlIan twn qwk sImq krnI sI. awj kYnyzf slfnf 780 imlIan twn dy krIb “grIn hfAUs gYsF” pYdf kr irhf hY ijs ivwc slfnf 217 imlIan twn dI ktOqI krnI pvygI.

          mfhrF muqfibk jy EntyrIE sUbf afpxy koiely aqy gYs nfl ibjlI pYdf krn vfly sfry ibjlI Gr bMd kr dyvy qF slfnf isrPL 24 imlIan twn dI ktOqI hI hovygI pr EntyrIE ibjlI kwt df isLkfr ho jfvygf. jy albrtf ivwc afiel-sYNz dy sfry qyl-Auqpfdk plFt bMd kr idwqy jfx qF slfnf isrPL 30 imlIan twn dI ktOqI hI hovygI pr ies nfl albrtf dI afriQkqf qbfh ho jfvygI ijs nfl sfry kYnyzf ivwc afriQk mMdvfVf af jfvygf. ies sMDI ivwc iek hor kmfl dI mihMgI ivvsQf ieh hY ik ijhVf dysL afpxf tIcf afp pUrf nhIN kr skdf Auh iksy hor vloN kIqI geI “grIn hfAUs gYsF” dI ktOqI KrId skdf hY. msln jy jpfn jF iksy hor dysL ny jF AuhnF dI iksy vwzI kMpnI ny 50 imlIan twn dI vfDU ktOqI kr leI hY qF kYnyzf jF koeI hor dysL ijs ny tIcf pUrf krn vfsqy afp ktOqI nhIN kIqI, Auh ieh ktOqI mfieaf dy ky KrId skdf hY. awj iek twn “grIn hfAUs gYs” ktOqI dI kImq $23 hY aqy kYnyzf nMU slfnf 217 imlIan twn ktOqI dI loV hY ijs vfsqy hr sfl keI iblIan zflrF dI adfiegI iksy hor nMU krnI pvygI. kI kYnyzIan lok afpxy lhU psIny dI kmfeI dy keI iblIan zflr ikEto dy nfm `qy iksy hor nMU hr sfl dyx vfsqy iqafr hn?

          jy nhIN qF ikEto tIcf pUrf nhIN kIqf jf skdf. afE Audfhrx leI jLrf vyKIey ik iks kMm nfl ikMnIaF “grIn hfAUs gYsF” pYdf huMdIaF hn. ptrol nfl cwlx vflIaF sfrIaF kfrF dysL ivwc slfnf qkrIbn 93 imlIan twn “grIn hfAUs gYsF” pYdf krdIaF hn. albrtf df afiel-sYNz prfjYkt slfnf 30 imlIan twn “grIn hfAUs gYsF” pYdf krdf hY. sfry dysL dy GrF aqy iemfrqF dI hIitMg aqy eyar kMzIsLinMg 43 imlIan twn “grIn hfAUs gYsF” pYdf krdI hY. ryl gwzIaF, smuMdrI isLp, hvfeI jhfjL aqy hor vwzy vfhn slfnf 190 imlIan twn “grIn hfAUs gYsF” pYdf krdy hn. ieMzstrI slfnf 54[3 imlIan twn aqy KyqI slfnf 55 imlIan twn “grIn hfAUs gYsF” pYdf  krdI hY. ieh sfry aMkVy sfl 2004 dy hn. hor qF hor rMg-rogn, BFzy-tINzy Dox aqy hor sPLfeI krn leI vrqy jFdy sfbx jF sflivMt vI slfnf qkrIbn awDf imlIan twn “grIn hfAUs gYsF” pYdf krdy hn.

          ieh gwl vI iDafn ivwc rwKx dI loV hY ik ikEto sMDI isrP Es pRdUsLx dI hI gwl krdI hY ijs nfl “grIn hfAUs gYsF” pYdf huMdIaF hn jo DrqI df qfpmfn vDf ky mOsmF ivwc grmI vDfAux vflI qbdIlI krdIaF hn. ies sMDI ivwc dunIaF dy DrqI hyTly pfxI, lykF dy pfxI, dirafvF aqy ndIaF dy pfxI dy sroqF nMU pRdUsLq hox qoN rokx vfsqy koeI tIcf jF pRbMD nhIN hY. ies sMDI ivwc dunIaF ivwc vD rhy kUVy krkt dy ZyrF ijhnF nfl keI lYNz-iPl sfeItF BrdIaF jf rhIaF hn nMU GtfAux df vI koeI tIcf nhIN hY. ies sMDI ivwc ieMzstrI vloN pYdf kIqI jf rhI jLihrIlI gYs, qrl aqy Tos vYstyj nMU kfbU krn dI vI koeI ivvsQf nhIN hY. Audfhrx dy qOr `qy dunIaF Br ivwc sLfipMg vfsqy vrqy jFdy bYg ijhnF nMU plfsitk dy bYg vI afiKaf jFdf hY (sLfied ieh plfsitk smyq keI iksm dy nklI mfidaF nMU rlfL ky bxfey jFdy hn), bxfAux smyN “grIn hfAUs gYsF” pYdf krn df kfrn bxdy hn aqy vrqy jfx qoN bfad pfxI dy inkfs leI bxIaF zrynF bMd kr idMdy hn aqy kUVf-krkt dy rUp ivwc lYNz-iPl sfeItF Br rhy hn.

          XUrpIan XUnIan ny kfrF dy DUMey vfly pfeIpF ivcoN pRqI iklomItr inklx vflI gYs ivwc 162 grfm qoN 18 % Gtf ky sfl 2012 qwk 130 grfm dI hwd imwQx dI gwl kIqI hY ijs qoN XUrp dI ieMzstrI ipwt AuTI hY. 1995 ivwc ieh imkdfr pRqI iklomItr 185 grfm sI aqy sfl 2020 qwk ies nMU pRqI iklomItr 80 grfm `qy ilafAux df tIcf insLcq krn bfry XUrpIan XUnIan ivcfr kr rhI hY. kYnyzf aqy amrIkf ivwc ajy ieh hwd 185 qoNN 200 grfm qwk dwsI jf rhI.

          ikEto dy nfm `qy ilbrl lMG gey swp dI lkIr nMU ipwt rhy hn ijs nMU arfm nfl lMG dyx leI Auh Kud ijLmyvfr hn. grIn hfAUs gYsF dy nfl nfl hr iksm df pRdUsLx GtfAux vfsqy kfrgr XojnfbMDI dI loV hY jo sihMdI sihMdI mihMgI qF BFvy hovy pr afriQkqf dI qbfhI qoN ibnF pUrI kIqI jf sky.  vfqfvrx dy bcfE vfsqy hr pwDr `qy Xqn krn dI loV hY.  pIal rIjn ny GrF dy kUVy df Auh ihwsf bfhr kwZx dI skIm bxfeI hY ijs nMU “afrgYink kUVf” afiKaf jf skdf hY ijvyN sbjLIaF df iClkf afid jo ik sLlfGfXog hY.          

-blrfj idEl

 


mfmlf klfeImyt cyNj df:sFJy sMjIdf XqnF dI loV!

 

          PrFs dI rfjDfnI pYirs ivwc ies smyN “klfeImyt cyNj” bfry iek aMqr rfsLtrI kfnPrMs cwl rhI hY ijs ivwc 100 dy krIb dysLF qoN 2000 qoN vwD sfieMsdfn ihwsf lY rhy hn. “ieMtrnYsLnl pYnl afn klfeImyt cyNj” (afeI[ pI[ sI[ sI[)dy nfm hyT ho rhy ies iekwT ivwc ajyhy mfhr sfieMsdfn ihwsf lY rhy hn ijhnF df vfh aksr DrqI dy vfqfvrx dIaF igxqIaF imxqIaF nfl AuhnF dy ikwqy jF ividak Xogqf kfrn pYNdf rihMdf hY. ies iekwT vloN pihlI rport awj iksy mOky vI jfrI kr idwqI jfvygI ijs dIaF kuJ mwdF dI crcf agfAUN hI hox lwg peI hY.

          imlIaF rportF muqibk mfhr ies iswty `qy puwjy hn ik mOsm ivwc mihsUs kIqI jf rhI qbdIlI ijs nMU “klfeImyt cyNj” jF “globl vfrimMg” afiKaf jFdf hY, awj dI mnuwKI jIvn-jfc jF rihx-sihx dy ZMg qrIikaF kfrn hY. “ieMtrnYsLnl pYnl afn klfeImyt cyNj” df kihxf hY ik DrqI dy mOsm ivwc qbdIlI df kfrn kudrqI GtnfkRm nhIN hY sgoN mnuwKI nklo-hrkq hY.

          jy mnuwK ny ajy vI isafxp qoN qoN kMm nf ilaf qF DrqI df aOsqn qfpmn 3 qoN 4[5 izgrI vD skdf hY. qfpmfn ivwc ies iksm dI qbdIlI kfrn DrqI dy pihlF hI grm aqy KusLk ielfky mnuwK dy vwsxXog nhIN rihxgy aqy smF pf ky DrqI dy nfrQ aqy sfAUQ pol `qy muZ-kdIm qoN bxy brPL dy qody ipGxy sLurU ho jfxgy ijs nfl smuMdr df qwl vD jfvygf jo smuMdrI iknfiraF `qy vwsy lokF df AujfVf kr dyvygf.  ies nfl hor vI qbdIlIaF df KdsLf pRgt kIqf igaf hY jo mnuwK dy nfl jIv-jMqUaF aqy bnspqI nMU vI pRBfvq krygf. inrsMdyh ieh iek bhuq   icMqf vflf ivsLf hY ijs bfry sMsfr nMU sFJy aqy sMjIdf Xqn krny pYxgy.

          dunIaF Br ivwc vfqfvrx dy nfm `qy isafsI lok aksr isafsq vI krdy hn ikAuNik AuhnF nMU isafsq krn vfsqy koeI nf koeI muwdf cfhIdf huMdf hY. ieh iewk ajyhf mslf hY ijs `qy isafsq kIiqaF vI kuJ lfB jLrUr huMdf hY ies nfl Gwto Gwt crcf jLrUr huMdI hY aqy lokF ivwc vfqfvrx pRqI cyqMnqf pYdf huMdI hY.

          kYnyzf ivwc ies smyN vfqfvrx bfry BKvIN bihs cwl rhI hY aqy srvyKxF muqfibk vfqfvrx knyzIan lokF vfsqy ies smyN muwK muwdf bixaF hoieaf hY. vfqfvrx dI pRdUsLqf ipCly 60-70 sflF ivwc vDI hY aqy ieh Auh smF sI jd dunIaF ivwc sfieMs aqy qknIk dIaF nvIaF kfZF dfuafrf ieMzstrIal qrwkI hoeI hY. mnwuKI jIvn nMU arfmdfiek bxfAux vfsqy nvyN sfDn aqy nvIaF msLInF ivksq hoeIaF hn aqy qrwkI dy lor ivwc mnuwKqf nMU vfqfvrx df iKafl hI nhIN irhf.

          amrIkf, rUs aqy XUrp dy keI qrwkIsLudf dysL bIqI awDI sdI qoN lgfqfr vfqfvrx nMU pRdUsLq krdy af rhy hn aqy hux qrwkI dIaF mMjLlF dy nvyN bxy pFDI Bfrq, cIn aqy kuJ hor dysL vI ies kqfr ivwc af Kloey hn. Bfrq aqy cIn dI abfdI vI bhuqI hY aqy qrwkI dI rPLqfr nfl ies BfrI abfdI nMU hor nvy nvyN pdfrQF dI loV pYdf ho rhI hY. ies nfl hr pfsy pRdUsLx hor vD irhf hY. jo kuJ XUrp aqy amrIkf ny kIqf hY AuhI kuJ vwzI skyl `qy ieh nvyN arQcfry krn jf rhy hn.

          purfxy plUtrF ivwcoN XUrp, jpfn aqy kYnyzf vrgy dysL qF sucyq ho rhy hn pr amrIkf aqy rUs df vqIrf ajy vI EnF sMjIdf nhIN hY ikAuNik  sKLq  pRdUsLx kMtrol pRbMDF nfl AuhnF df arQcfrf pRBfvq ho skdf hY. nvyN ivksq ho rhy arQcfry ieh vI mihsUs krdy hn ik XUrp afp qF 60-70 sflF qoN pRdUsLx dy phfV Augldf irhf hY aqy hux jd AuhnF dI vfrI afeI hY qF pRdUsLx rihq pRbMDF df rOlf pfieaf jfx lwg ipaf hY. eysy kfrn keI dysL ikEto akfrz vyly ies nfl sihmq nhIN sn hoey aqy Bfrq, cIn, sfAUQ korIaf aqy brfjLIl vrgy dysLF nMU pRdUsLx kMtrol pRbMDF leI kuJ dyr leI Cot dyx dI gwl vI kIqI geI sI.

          Bfrq dy luiDafxf vrgy ieMzstrIal sLihrF vl inghf mfiraF “buwZy nflyL” vrgy keI pRdUsLx dy diraf vgdy imlxgy. iewQoN qwk ik sdIaF qoN BfrqI smfj ivwc pivqwr smJI jFdI gMgF df pfxI vI cuwBI mfrn dy Xog nhIN irhf, pIxf dUr dI gwl. ieh vwKrI gwl hY ik sLrDfvfn lok awj vI gMgf nMU pivqwr mMnI jf rhy hn (ijs df AuhnF nMU pUrf hwk hY). pfxI df hr sroq hI pivqr mMinaF jfxf cfhIdf ikAuNik ies qoN ibnF DRqI `qy jIvn nhIN cl skdf. vfqfvrx dy bcfE vfsqy sMsfr pwDr `qy sMjIdf-sFJy Xqnf dI loV hY.                         

  -blrfj idEl

 

 


jfiedfd dy vyrvy jF JUT dy pulMdy!

          1100 imlIan dy krIb abfdI df dysL Bfrq dunIaF dI swB qoN vwzI jmhUrIaq hY ijs ivwc 650 imlIan dy krIb rijtrz votr hn.  sMn 1975-77 ivwc bIbI ieMdrf gFDI vloN lgfeI geI aYmrjMsI dy do ku sflF nMU Cwz ky, aOkVF dy bfvjUd Bfrq ny jmhUrIaq df kdy pwlf nhIN Cwizaf. jmhUrIaq pRqI Bfrq dI bcnbwDqf sdky hI grIbI, anpVHqf aqy Dfrimk jnMUn vrgIaF cxOqIaF dy bfvjUd BfrqI jmhUrIaq lgfqfr hor mjLbUq hoeI hY aqy ho rhI hY.

          1975-77 dy aYmrjMsI kfl dOrfn lwgy Jtky kfrn dysL dy lokF, buwDIjIvIaF aqy adfiraF ny jmhUrIaq nMU hor mjLbUqI vwl lY jfx dI TfxI sI ijs dI pihlI imsfl Aus smyN imlI jd aYmrjMsI qoN bfad dysL dy votrF ny ieMdrf kFgrs df sPfieaf kr ky rwK idwqf. BfrqI votrF df sunyhF bhuq spsLt sI jo dysL dI hr rfjsI pfrtI dy isafsI afgUaF dIaF KopVIaF ivwc asfnI nfl AuWqr igaf. ies dy nfl hI jmhUrIaq dI mjLbUqI df aml sLurU hoieaf jo lgfqfr jfrI hY. musLkl aqy AuxqfeIaF awj vI hn pr ieh Bfrq qwk hI sImq nhIN hn. Bfrq nfloN ikqy Gwt abfdI aqy ikqy vwD ivksq aqy jmhUrI dysLF dy jmhUrI injLfmF ivwc vI ajyhIaF AUxqfeIaF vyKIaF jf skdIaF hn.

          Bfrq df cox kimsLn iewk sMivDfnk adfrf hY ijs nMU sLurU ivwc bIbI ieMdrf gFDI vrgy isafsI afgU afpxy ihwqF vfsqy QoVHf-bhuqf pRBfvq krdy rhy hn pr hux cox kimsLn isafsI pRBfv dI GumMxGyrI ivwcoN pUrI qrF bfhr inkl cuwkf hY. Bfrq dy cox kimsLn dI ajLfd hsqI  dI cmk Bfrq dy 10vyN cIPL alYksLn kimsLnr sRI tI[ aYn[ sYsLn dy kfrjkfl ivwc sLurU hoeI. sRI sYsLn dsMbr 12-1990 qoN dsMbr 11-1996 qwk Bfrq dy muwK cox kimsLnr rhy aqy AuhnF ies dOrn cox kimsLn nMU ijs mukfm `qy phuMcf idwqf Aus nMU “no rItrn puafieMt” afiKaf jf skdf. BfrqI isafsqdfn hux kdy cox kimsLn dy aiDkfr Kyqr nMU sImq nhIN kr skxgyy. supnf sRI sYsLn ny Bfrq dy rfsLtrpqI bnx df vI ilaf sI pr 1997 ivwc Auh ky[ afr[ nfrfiexn df sfhmxf nhIN sn kr sky ijs df kfrn AuhnF df isafsI ivroD sI. ijhnF isafsdfnF dy AuhnF bhuq ivAuNq nfl pr kuqry sn Auh sYsLn nMU rfsLtrpqI bixaF ikvyN brdfsLq kr skdy sn.

          sRI sYsLn qoN bfad muwK cox kimsLnr s: aYm[ aYs[ igwl, sRI ilMgdo, sRI ikRsLnf mUrqI, sRI tMzn aqy hux sRI aYn[ gopflfsuamI dy XqnF, suprIm kort dI “hF” aqy isafsI afgUaF dI “mjbUrI” nfl cox kimsLn, keI cox suDfr krn ivwc kfmXfb hoieaf hY. awj Bfrq dy isafsI afgU cox jLfbqy dy nfm qoN zrdy hn ijs dy lfgU huMdy sfr hI kyNdrI jF subfeI srkfrF “kMm clfAU” srkfrF bx ky rih jFdIaF hn.  ajy bIqy hPLqy hI pMjfb srkfr nMU cox kimsLn dy PYsly awgy isr JukfAuNidaF pMjfb puils dy muwKI s: srbjIq isMG nMU htfAuxf ipaf hY aqy ies dy nfl hI keI hor aPLsrF dy qbfdly krny pey hn.

          cox kimsLn ny coxF dOrfn KwpKfny, lfAUz spIkrF dI vrqoN, iesLiqhfrbfjLI aqy cox Krcy `qy keI iksm dIaF pfbMDIaF vI afied kIqIaF hn. aYm aYl ey dI cox leI Krcf 10 lwK rupey insLcq kIqf igaf hY. BfvyN ies qoN ikqy vwD Krcf kIqf jf irhf hY pr rfjsI afgUaF dy isr `qy ies nMU 10 lwK dy aMdr aMdr sfbq krn dI qlvfr ltkdI rihMdI hY.  ieh kuJ kYnyzf vrgy dysL ivwc vI vfprdf hY ijwQy keI hlikaF ivwc nfmInysLnF `qy vI do-do lwK zflr Krc ho jFdf hY.

          pMjfb ivwc ho rhIaF coxF vfsqy nfmInysLn kfgjL dfKl krn smyN vwzy vwzy kfPLly nfl lY jfx dy dosL ivwc vI cox kimsLn ny keI isafsI afgUaF dI iKcfeI kIqI hY. rfjsI kurwpsLn rokx dy Xqn vjoN Bfrq dy cox kimsLn ny hr nfmInysLn Brn vfly AumIdvfr leI ieh vI lfjLmI kIqf hoieaf hY ik Auh afpxy hlPIaf ibafn ivwc afpxI sfrI cwl aqy acwl jfiedfd dy vyrvy dyvy. BfrqI cox kimsLn df ieh iek cMgf aqy slfhuxXog Xqn hY.

          pMjfb dIaF coxF leI nfmjLdgI kfgjL Brn smyN kuJ vwzy afgUaF ny afpxy hlPIaf ibafnF ivwc jo vyrvy afpxI cwl aqy acwl jfiedfd bfry idwqy hn, Auh ies smy crcf df ivsLf bxy hoey hn. kFgrs dfavy kr rhI hY ik pMjfb ivwc bhuq qrwkI hoeI hY pr pitaflf dy sLfhI Kfndfn dy icrfg aqy muwK mMqrI pMjfb kol afpxI koeI vI inwjI kfr nhIN hY. ieh gwl jnfb muwK mMqrI dy hlPIaf ibafn ivwc drj hY jo AuhnF afpxI nfmjLdgI smyN dfKl kIqf hY. muwK mMqrI sfihb kol kul ngd rkm vI isrPL 35 hjLfr rupey hI hY ijs ivcoN 15 hjLfr rupey AuhnF dy afpxy Krcy vfsqy aqy pirvfr dy muKI dy qOr `qy AunHF kol 20 hjLfr rupey dI hor nkdI dwsI geI hY. AuNJ muwK mMqrI kYptn amirMdr isMG ny afpxy nfmjLdgI pwqr dfKl krn smyN kuwl 85 kroV 69 lwK 99 hjLfr 165 rupey dI jfiedfd dy vyrivaF dy kfgjLfq nfl nwQI kIqy hn. ies jfiedfd ivwc ivwc moqI mihl dI kImq 35 kroV drsfeI geI hY aqy muwK mMqrI kol inwjI qOr `qy 15 lwK 17 hjLfr rupey df sonf qy pirvfr dy muKI hox dy nFa `qy muwK mMqrI kol hor 16 lwK 86 hjLfr rupey df sonf drsfieaf igaf hY.

          AuDr pMjfb dy Dnfz iksfn aqy akflI dl dy muKI s: pRkfsL  isMG bfdl aqy AuhnF dI Drm pqnI bIbI suirMdr kOr kol kul jfiedfd isrPL 9 kroV dI hI hY. hor suxo srdfr aqy srdfrnI bfdl kol kYptn amirMdr isMG vFg afpxI inwjI kfr vI nhIN hY. KyqI krn vfsqy s: bfdl kol isrPL iewk 1999 mfzl df mYsI PfrgUÈn trYktr hY, ijs dI kImq zyZ lwK drsfeI geI hY. ngd rkm ivwc s: bfdl ny kYptn nMU mfq pf idwqf hY, AuhnF kol 40 hjLfr rupey nkd hn jd ik kYptn kol isrPL 35 hjLfr hI hn. s: bfdl kol 4 lwK, 14 hËfr, 675 rupey aqy srdfrnI bfdl kol 34 lwK, 9 hËfr dy gihxy hn.

          ieh swB kuJ iehnF dovF srdfrF dy hlPIaf ibafnF ivwc drj hY ijs nMU cxOqI vI idwqI jf skdI hY. pMjfbI dI khfvq hY “ijhnF [[[[[AuhnF rfh vI rwKy hoey hn.” qy bcx dy rfh iehnF srdfrF ny vI rwKy hoey hoxgy, hlPLnfmy aYvyN awKF mIc ky qF nhIN idwqy. pMjfb ivwc iehnF vrgy Dnfz iksfnF aqy vpfrIaF ny qF afpxy nOkrF cfkrF qwk nMU skUtr, motrsfeIkl, kfrF qy jIpF kMmkfr dI ingrfnI krn vfsqy idwqy hoey hn, idwqy qF iehnF ny vI hoey hoxgy pr nfm AuhnF vPLfdfr nOkrF dy hI lgfey hoey hoxgy.

          ngdI dy mfmly ivc pMjfb kFgrs dy pRDfn s: sLmsLyr isMG dUlo, muwK mMqrI kYptn amirMdr isMG aqy sfbk muwK mMqrI s: pRkfsL isMG bfdl qoN kfPLI awgy hn. afpxy hlPIaf ibafn ivwc AuhnF dwisaf hY ik AuhnF kol 11 lwK rupey ngd “kYsL-ien-hYNz” hn. lgdf hY ik AuhnF nMU bYNkF `qy bhuqf ivsLvfs nhIN hY aqy nf hI Auh ivafjL lYx dy lflcI hn. ies qoN ielfvf AuhnF kol hONzf kfr, Drm pqnI kol jYWn kfr aqy puqrF kol motr sfeIkl vI hn. hF kul jfiedfd AuhnF kol dovF Dnfz srdfrF qoN bhuq Gwt hY.

          sLRomxI kmytI dI sfbkf pRDfn bIbI jgIr kOr jfiedfd “zklyar” krn dy mfmly ivwc kYptn aqy bfdl dovF nMU hI mfq pf geI hY. bIbI jgIr kOr ny hlPIaf ibafn ivwc dwisaf hY ik Aus kol 80 kroV qoN vwD dI jfiedfd hY. mMqrI cODrI jgjIq isMG ny afpxy kfgËF `c isrÌ 2 kroV, 12 lwK, 21 hËfr, 665 rupey dI jfiedfd hox Kulfsf kIqf hY. Auh cODrI jgjIq isMG ijs nMU bIrdivMdr isMG ny ivDfn sBf dy aMdr hI  'kurwpÈn dI mF` ikhf sI aqy ijs df nfm istI sYNtr dy bhu-kroVI Gutfly `c vI afieaf sI. hor suxo cODrI jgjIq isMG kol kYsL isrPL 50 hjfr rupey aqy isrPL 30 gRfm sonf hI hY. suwK nfl cODrI jgjIq isMG kol kfr jLrUr hY.

          mMqrI sRI mihMdr isMG ky[ pI[ ny afpxI nkdI qy jfiedfd sbMDI jo vyrvf idwqf hY Auh ies pRkfr hY : kYsL 20 hjfr , bYkF ivc 12, 03, 970 rupey, 3 jIpF, 100[07 gRfm sonf kImq 90, 630 rupey, mohflI ivc koTI ijs df 29 hjLfr rupey ikrfieaf afAuNdf hY, nurpur ipMz ivc 22 lwK rupey dI KyqIbfVI dI jLmIn aqy vwK-vwK QfvF `qy lgpg 2 kroV rupey dI hor sLfiml hn.

          ieDr ÈRomxI akflI dl (bfdl) dy afdmpur ivDfn sBf hlky qoN cox lV rhy AumIdvfr s: srbjIq isMG mwkV dI jfiedfd srdfrnI qy srdfr bfdl dovF qoN vwD hY. s: mwkV vwloN idwqy  hlPIaf ibafn anusfr Aus kol 15 kroV dy krIb jfiedfd hY ijs ivwc 60 lwK dy gihxy vI Èfml hn.

          akflI AumIdvfr jQydfr qoqf isMG kol nf qF rihx vfsqy afpxf mkfn hY aqy nf hI sony df iek vI grfm hY. hF AuhnF dI pqnI kol 10 ku lwK rupey df 110 gRfm sonf jLrUr hY. jQydfr s: bfdl aqy kYptn vFg “phIaF” qoN ibnF nhIN hn AuhnF kol tft sUmo gwzI hY. iek dukfn 10 lwK dI AuhnF dI Drm pqnI dy nfm hY aqy cMzIgVH ivwc 59 lwK df mkfn vI pqnI dy nfm hY. Gr nf shI, jQydfr sfihb kol 20 hjLfr rupey ngd jLrUr hY.

          jlMDr CfAuxI ivDfn sBf qoN cox lV rhy akflI AumIdvfr s: jgbIr isMG brfV kol 3 lwK rupey nkd qy 20 qoly sonf, do gwzIaF (iewk ienovf qy iek kuafils) qoN ielfvf iek trYktr vI hY. s: brfV dy cMzIgVH aqy jlMDr `c 2 Gr hn qy 15-16 ikly vfhIXog jLmIn hY aqy iek isnymf vI hY. pr AuhnF dI ivroDI kFgrsI AumIdvfr, svrgI muwK mMqrI ibaMq isMG dI DI kol 370 gRfm sonf qF hY gwzI koeI nhIN hY. bIbI gurkMvl kol 54 hjLfr ngd qy 24 lwK rupey bYNk `c vI jmF hn.

          jfiedfd dy vyrivaF dy mfmly ivwc pMjfb dy bhuqy afgUaF dy   hlPIaf ibafn, iban Gwt qy “cutkly’ vwD jfpdy hn. ieh vyrvy pVH ky afp muhfry kihx nMU icwq krdf hY ik ieh jfiedfd dy vyrvy hn jF JUT dy pulMdy? isafsI afgU nMU smJ lYxf cfhIdf hY ik nf qF AuhnF dy votr aMny hn aqy nf hI BfrqI ZFcy ivwc cox kimsLn df pRBfvI hox df aml ruk igaf hY. iek idn AuhnF dIaF ieh cor-morIaF vI bMdf kr idwqIaF jfxgIaF. 

          Bfrq dy keI isafsI afgUaF dI byeImfnI df aMdfjLf ies qwQ qoN vI lgfieaf jf skdf hY Auh kursI Kus jfx jF bdl jfx qoN bfad vI Auh afpxy srkfrI bMgly keI keI sfl KflI nhIN krdy. svrgI Ep -pRDfn mMqrI cODrI dyvI lfl ny AuhnF nMU alft hoieaf nvIN idwlI siQq srkfrI bMglf kursI Kus jfx qoN keI sfl bfad qwk vI KflI nhIN sI kIqf. dwisaf jFdf hY ik AuhnF afpxy ies bMgly ivwc kuJ mwJF vI ilaf bMnIaF sn ikAuNik Auh qfjLf duwD pIx dy sLokIn sn hflF ik idwlI dy Es ielfky ivwc zYrI pflx `qy mukMml pfbMDI hY.

          ajy 17 jnvrI nMU hI Bfrq dI suprIm kort ny kyNdr aqy rfj srkfrF qoN AuhnF isafsI afgUaF bfry rport mMgI hY jo srkfrI bMgilaF `qy njLfiejL kbjLy kfrn srkfr dy 50 kroV rupey dy krIb dyxdfr hn. ahudy Kus jfx qoN bfad vI vwK vwK bhfinaF hyT ieh afgU srkfrI bMgly kbjLy hyT rwKdy hn aqy sbMDq srkfrI ivBfg nMU mfmUlI ikrfieaf dyxf mMn jFdy hn jo ik mfrkIt dy ikrfey qoN bhuq Gwt huMdf hY. bhuqI vfr adf Auh ieh mfmUlI ikrfieaf vI nhIN krdy ijs df kul joV hux 50 kroV bx igaf dwisaf igaf hY.

          suprIm kort kyNdrI aqy subfeI bMgly alft krn vfly ivBfgF qoN sKLq KPLf hY ikAuNik Auh ieh bkfieaf Augrfhux vfsqy sMjIdf nhIN hn iehI kfrn hY ik suprIm kort ny hux iehnF ivBfgF nMU iqMn mhIny df smF idwqf hY aqy juvfb hlPIaf ibafnF dy rUp ivwc mMgy hn. iekwly idwlI ivwc hI suprIm kort ny njfiejL kbjLy vfly 418 srkfrI bMgly hukm dy ky KflI krvfey hn. do jwjF dy bYNc ny 80 hor bMgly alft kIqy jfx bfry vI keI svfl KVy kIqy hn.

          srkfr vloN adflq nMU idwqy hlPIaf ibafnF muqfibk swqfDfrI kFgrs pfrtI vwl cfr bMgilaF df 1[06 kroV bkfieaf hY jd ik Bfjpf vwl 17 lwK bkfieaf bxdf hY. pRmuwK isafsI afgUaF ivwc sfbkf pRDfn mMqrI sRI nrismf rfE dy pirvfr vwl 1[8 lwK rupey, mhfrfxI gfieqrI dyvI vwl 21[87 lwK rupey, XU pI dy smfjvfdI muwK mMqrI mulfiem isMG Xfdv vwl 12[4 lwK rupey aqy Bfjpf afgU jsvMq isMG vwl 18[97 lwK rupey bkfieaf bxdf hY.

          idwlI qoN ielfvf lKnAU, ptnf, BunysLvr, kolkqf aqy hor subfeI rfjDfnIaF ivwc adflq ny sYNkVy srkfrI bMgly isafsI afgUaF, rfjsI pfrtIaF aqy AuWc aPLsrF dy njfiejL kbjLy `coN Cuzfey hn.

          kihMdy hn ik nrismF rfE dI srkfr dy cox hfr jfx qoN bfad aglI svyr nMU, smyN dy KjLfnf mMqrI zf: mnmohn isMG ny afpxf srkfrI bMglf KflI krn vfsqy sbMDq srkfrI eyjMsI nMU afp hI Pon kr idwqf sI. BfrqI jmhUrIaq nMU ajy hor bhuq sfry sYsLn, mnmohn aqy vfjpfeI loVINdy hn.                              

-blrfj idEl

 


qrwkI dIaF BrvIaF pulFGF puwt rhy Bfrq nMU cxOqIaF df sfhmxf

          AuBr rhI afriQkqf kfrn ies smyN Bfrq dunIaF Br ivwc dIaF njLrF ivwc hY. Bfrq dI afriQkqf slfnf 8-9% dI rPLqfr nfl psr rhI dwsI jFdI hY ijs nfl Bfrq bhuq qyjLI nfl cIn df ipwCf kr irhf jfpdf hY. Bfrq nfloN zyZ ku dhfkf pihlF afriQqk suDfrF dy rsqy ipaf cIn dunIaF ivwc afriQk qfkq bx ky AuBr cuwkf hY. afriQk qfkq bfkI sB qfkqF dI kuMjI huMdI hY ijs nfl POjI, rfjsI aqy smfijk qfkq df rsqf sfPL ho jFdf hY. iehI kfrn hY ik awj dunIaF cIn dI afriQkqf nMU psrdf vyK ky KusL vI hY pr ies nfl cIn dI vD rhI POjI aqy rfjsI qfkq qoN icMquq vI hY. bhuqI icMqf cIn dy rfjsI ZFcy qoN hY jo awj vI ieko iek rfjsI pfrtI dy kbjLy ivwc hY aqy ijs df kbjLf sihjy sihjy iZlf pY irhf hY. sovIaq XUnIan vFg iek nf iek idn ieh kbjLf vI tuwt jLrUr jfxf hY ijs nfl kuJ AuQl-puQl vI ho skdI, jo dunIaF vfsqy iPkr df kfrn bixaF hoieaf hY.

          dUjy pfsy ivksq ho rhy Bfrq qoN dunIaF nMU koeI aYsf KLqrf nhIN hY. Bfrq dI afriQkqf Kulx jF Kohly jfx qoN pihlF qoN hI Bfrq df rfjsI ZFcf Kuwl, ajLfd aqy jmhUrI hY. Bfrq df rfjsI ZFcf ies kdr prpwk ho cuwkf hY ik kyNdr ivwc lgfqfr do Gwt igxqI srkfrF bVy arfm nfl clIaF hn. sRI vfjpfeI dI kulIsLn srkfr ivwc zyZ ku drjn pfrtIaF sn aqy hflq zfktr mnmohn isMG dI srkfr dI vI vwKrI nhIN hY pr ies swB kuJ dy huMidaF hoieaF rfjsI siQrrqf bxI hoeI hY ijs qoN aMqr rfsLtrI BfeIcfrf pRBfvq vI hY qy sMqusLt vI hY.

          Bfrq ivwc qkrIbn hr Kyqr ivwc qrwkI dI rPLqfr vD rhI hY. iehI kfrn hY ik dunIaF Br dy dysL Bfrq ivwc invysL kr rhy hn ijs nfl afriQkqf hor hulfrf Kf rhI hY. EntyrIE sUby dy pRImIar sRI zfltn mgYNtI vI iehnI idnI Bfrq dy ivAupfrk dOry `qy gey hoey hn aqy imlIaF rportF muqfibk Bfrq dI qrwkI kfrn vpfr dIaF vD rhIaf sMBfvnfvF ivwc sUby nMU BfeIvfl bxfAuxf cfhuMdy hn. pRImIar mgYNtI ny ieh vI afiKaf hY ik Bfrq dI psr rhI afriQkqf dIaF loVF pUrIaF krn vfsqy EntyrIE kol qknIk aqy sfDn mjUd hn. AuhnF Bfrq dy ivwq mMqrI, plYinMg kimsLn dy cyarmYn aqy hor aflHf drjy dy afgUaF nfl mulfkfqF kIqIaF hn aqy pRfeIvyt sYktr dy mohrIaF nMU vI imly hn ijs qoN vpfr dy vDx dIaF afsF pYdf hoeIaF hn ijs nfl Bfrq aqy kYnyzf dovF nMU hI lfB hovygf. bhuqf lfB kYnyzf dy ieMzo-knyzIan BfeIcfry nMU hovygf jo ies vD rhI vpfrk sFJ df lfB AuTf skxgy.

          Bfrq dI qyjI nfl psr rhI afriQkqf nMU vyK ky kuJ smyN qoN ieh pysLngoeI kIqI jfx lwg peI hY ik Bfrq sMn 2020 qwk AunqIsLIl dysL qoN Aunq dysL bx jfvygf. iek Kyqr ijs ivwc cIn Bfrq nfloN pCiVaf mihsUs krdf hY Auh Kyqr hY horF nfl “kimAUnIkysLn” df Kyqr. aMgryjLI BfsLf dunIaF Br ivwc iek iksm dI “sFJI” BfsLf bxdI jf rhI hY ijs df kfrn BfvyN bIqI sdI ivwc aMgryjLI BfsLfeI dysLF df dunIaF dy sIn `qy BfrU rihxf hI sI pr hux ieh “lYNguiej afPL cuafies” bxdI jf rhI hY. lMbf smF aMgryjLF dI bsqI rhy Bfrq ivwc aMgryjLI BfsLF afm vrqoN dI BfsLf hI bx cuwkI hY aqy ivdysL jfx qy vDIaf nOkrIaF lYx dy cfhvfnF vfsqy aMgryjLI dI ividaf keI dhfikaF qoN jLrUrI ividaf bxI hoeI hY.

          iehI kfrn hY ik Bfrq dy idhfqI KyqrF ivwc vI aMgryjLI dI pVHfeI vfsqy pRfeIvyt mfzl skUl afm Kuly hoey hn ijs df BrpUr lfB hux Bfrq aMqr rfsLtrI vopfrk Kyqr ivwc AuTf irhf hY aqy cIn ies Kyqr ivwc pCiVaf hoieaf mihsUs krdf hY.

          Bfrq ivwc aksr bhuq sfry ielfkfeI aqy Dfrimk afgU aMgryjLI dI ivroDqf krdy rhy hn pr ieh ivroDqf lokF dy awKI Gwtf pfAux qwk hI sImq rhI hY. aMgryjLI df ivroD krn vfly afpxy bwicaF nMu mfzl skUlF aqy AuWc ividaf vfsqy ivdysLF ivwc Byjdy rhy hn.

          Bfrq dy “nYsLnl nflj kimsLn” ny srkfr nMU isPLfrsL kIqI hY ik sfry dysL ivwc aMgryjLI nMU pihlI qoN lfgU kIqf jfxf cfhIdf hY. Bfq dy 9 sUibaF ny qF ies isPLfrsL nMU mMn vI ilaf hY jd ik bfkI ajy pYr GVIs rhy hn. dunIaF “globl ivlyj” ivwc qbdIl ho rhI hY aqy ies df lfB AuTfAux vfsqy ies isPLrsL `qy aml krnf jLrUrI jfpdf hY. ies smyN amIr jF md-vrg dy lok qF afpxy bwicaF nMU mfzl skUlF ivwc Byj ky globl-ivlyj dy hfx df bxf rhy hn pr pihlF hI pCVy hoey vrg, aMqr rfsLtrI mfiDam bx cuwkI aMgryjLI qoN swKxy rih ky hor pCV rhy hn. aMgryjLI nMU pihlI qoN lfgU krn nfl dysL df hr vrg ies dI isiKaf lY skygf. aMgryjLI dI isikaf df ieh mqlb nhIN hY ik Bfrq dy vwK vwK KyqrF dy lok afpxIaF mF bolIaF nMU njLraMdfjL kr dyx. aMgryjLI dI iswiKaf iek vfDU gux igRhx krn vfsqy hY nf ik iksy BfrqI dI mF bolI df bdl bxfey jfx vfsqy. ajyhf krn nfl hI Bfrq AuBr rhy cIn dy mukfbly aMgryjLI dI muhfrq ivwc cVHq bxfeI rwKygf.

          puxy ivwc bIqy buwD vfr hoey iek smfgm ivwc dysL dy rfsLtrpqI sRI abdul klfm ny Aunq dysL bnx dy rsqy ivwc Bfrq nMU drpysL cxOqIaF df ijLkr kIqf hY. AuhnF swB qoN vwzI cxOqI Bfrq dI 220 imlIan (22 kroV) grIb lok dwisaf hY jo ik grIbI dI sqfh qoN hyT df jIvn ibqf rhy hn. jd ik Bfrq dy 300 imlIan qoN vwD lok md-vrg dIaF shUlqF mfx rhy hn ijhnF dI KrId sLkqI aqy Kpq dunIaF nMU afkrsLq kr rhI hY.

          rfsLtrpqI ny ikhf ik Bfrq dy iehnF 220 imlIan grIb lokF nMU ividaf, Gr, ishq syvfvF aqy rujLgfr dI jLrUrq hY. AuhnF ikhf ik iehnF lokF dIaF jLrUrqF pUrIaF krn nfl hI Bfrq df sMn 2020 qwk Aunq dysL bnx df supnf sfkfr hovygf. AuhnF ikhf ik Bfrq nMU KyqI aqy PUz prfissMg, ibjlI, sVkI afvfjfeI, ividaf qy ishq, jfxkfrI qy sMcfr sfDn aqy jLrUrI qknIkF ivwc sBy-inrBr bnxf pvygf. AuhnF ikhf ik idhfqI aqy sLihrI KyqrF ivwc suivDfvF df pfVf hl krnf pvygf ijs nfl Bfrq dy 700 imlIan lok jo ik qkrIbn 6 lwK ipMzF ivwc rihMdy hn nMU, aflfH drjy dIaF sLihrI shUlqF pRdfn kIqIaF jf skx.

          mfhrF df iKafl hY ik Bfrq afriQkqf 8-9% dy srkfrI aMkiVaF nfloN sLfied vDyry qyjLI nfl psr rhI hY ijs df kfrn aMzr-grfAUNz afriQkqf df ies dr ivwc sLfml nf hoxf dwisaf igaf hY. mfhr ieh ivcfr vI rwKdy hn ik 220 imlIan lokF dI grIbI dUr krn vfsqy Bfrq nMU slfnf 10% dI dr nfl qrwkI lgfqfr 10 sfl qoN vwD smyN vfsqy krnI pvygI.

          rfjsI aqy afriQk pwDr AuWqy Bfrq hux drpysL cxOqIaF df mukfblf krn vfsqy iqafr jfpdf hY aqy sfl 2020 qwk Aunq dysL bnx df insLfnf iek sfrQk insLfnf jfpdf hY.

-blrfj idEl

 


vfqfvrx pRqI sucfrU phuMc vwl vD irhf hY XUrp

          ijs qrF bMdy dy srIr nMU cldf aqy ishqXfb rwKx vfsqy Kurfk dI loV huMdI hY eysy qrF hI awj dy snawqI Xuwg dI hr msLIn nMU cldI rwKx vfsqy “bflx” dI loV hY. ieh ‘bflx’ keI qrF df ho skdf ijvyN ibjlI, qyl, gYs, koielf afid. msLInI Xuwg nMU cldf rwKx vfsqy pihlF “bflx” pYdf krn aqy iPr “bflx” nMU bflx (jF vrqx) nfl pRdUsLx pYdf huMdf hY. koiely nfl ryl gwzI clfE, culf jlfE jF ibjlI pYdf krn vfsqy Qrml plFt clfE, DUeyN dy rUp ivwc pRdUsLx jLrUr pYdf  hovygf. qyl kwZx aqy qyl soDk kfrKfny clfAux nfl vI pRdUsLx pYdf huMdf hY aqy iPr qyl dI vrqoN nfl pYdf huMdf DMUaF vI pRdUsLx pYdf krdf hY. ijAuN ijAuN grIb dysLF ivwc snawqI qrwkI ho rhI iqAuN iqAuN “bflx” dI KLpq vI vD rhI hY aqy pRdUsLx vI vD irhf hY.

          dunIaF Gwt pRdUsLx PYlfAux vfly “bflx” qlfsL rhI hY aqy vwK vwK iksm dy “bflx” Gwt pRdUsLq qrIikaF nfl bflx dy ZMg qlfsL rhI hY aqy ies dy nfl hI “bflx” sMjm nfl bflx pRqI vI sucyq ho rhI hY. pRdUsLq qF DrqI aqy pfxI vI ho irhf hY ijs bfry icMquq hox dI sKLq loV hY pr swB qoN vwD icMqf ies smyN vfqfvrx dy afbo-hvf vfly Es ihwsy bfry hY ijs nfl “grIn-hfAUs” gYsF pYdf huMdIaF hn. ies nfl DrqI df E-jLon (DrqI dy vfqvrx dI bfhrlI prq) dy pqlf pYx dy nfl sUrj dI rOsLnI nMU jjLb krn dI smrQf vD rhI hY ijs df iswtf  vD rhy qfpmfn dy rUp ivwc sfhmxy af irhf hY. ies nfl dwKxI qy AuWqrI Druv aqy AuWcIaF phfVIaF `qy brPL dy BMzfr Kur rhy hn aqy smuMdr dI sqfh vD jfx df zr hY.

          dunIaF dy afm lok vfqfvrx pRqI sucyq ho rhy hn ijs kfrn hux isafsI afgUaF nMU kuJ krn vfsqy mjbUr hoxf pY irhf hY. huxy hoey srvyKxF muqfibk kYnyzf ivwc vI vfqfvrx lokF leI muwK muwdf bx ky AuBr irhf hY. ies hPLqy XUrpIan XUnIan dy dysLF ny vfqfrvx pRqI kfrgr kdm cuwkidaF “sFJI aYnrjI pfilsI” apnfAux dI ivAuNqbMdI kIqI hY. aMgryjLI dy aYnrjI lPLjL df pMjfbI anuvfd “bflx” hI bxdf aqy XUrpIan XUnIan “bflx” pRqI sFJI nIqI qYa krnf cfhuMdI hY ijs nfl vfqfrvx ivwc pYdf ho rhy aqy ho cuwky pRdUsLx nMU kfbU kIqf jf sky.

          XUrpIan kimsLn dy cyarmYn jnfb hojLy mYnual bfroso ny ikhf hY ik XUrp sfl 2020 qwk grIn-hfAUs gYsF ivwc 20% dI ktOqI krnI locdf hY ijs vfsqy “sFJI bflx nIqI” aKiqafr krnI pvygI.  ies nIqI dy iqMn nukqy dwsy gey hn. pihlf XUrp dI aMdrUnI “bflx” mMzI, dUjf Gwt-kfrbn vfly “bflx” vl moV kwtxf aqy qIjf nukqf ies duafrf 2020 qwk 20% “bflx” Gwt bflx df tIcf pUrf krnf ijs nfl grIn-hfAUs gYsF nMU 20% Gtfieaf jf skygf.

          XUrp 20% “bflx” nivafAuxXog vsIilaF qoN pYdf krnf cfhuMdf hY. qyl, gYs aqy koiely nMU Cwz ky “bflx” dy Auh vsIly jo muV pYdf kIqy jf skx ijvyN bfieE-qyl jo ik bnspqI qoN pYdf kIqf jf skdf hY, ibjlI jo ivMz-iml (hvf nfl cwl vflI crKVI) nfl pYdf kIqI jFdI hY jF solr aYnrjI (sUrj dI rOsLnI nfl) nfl pYdf kIqI jf skdI hY. XUrp ieh nIqI hr mYNbr dysL `qy pwkI qrF lfgU krn dI iewCf vI rwKdf hY.  ies dy nfl hI smuMdrI vyv (Cwl) nfl vI “bflx” (ibjlI) pYdf krn dI ivDI vrqI jfx dI qrkIb ivksq ho rhI hY. ies ivDI nfl smuMdrF dy iknfry Coty Coty ajyhy ibjlI plFt lgfey jf skdy hn ijhnF nMU CwlF nfl iekwTy kIqy pfxI nfl clfieaf jf skdf hY. sunfmI mOky dunIaF smuMdr dI aQfh qfkq nMU vyK cuwkI hY ik ikvyN bykfbU hoieaf smuMdrI pfxI plF ivwc hI qbfhI mcf skdf hY.

          smuMdr ivwc jvfhr-Bftf afAuNdf hY aqy ies ivDI nfl jo qjrby kIqy gey hn AuhnF ivwc smuMdr iknfry nklI JIl numf CwpV puwt ley jFdy hn ijhnF ivwc pfxI Brn vfsqy jd smuMdr AuCldf hY qF “nfky” Kohl idwqy jFdy hn. jd smuMdr izwgdf hY qF “nfky” bMd kr idwqy jFdy hn. iehnF nklI JIlF ivwc Biraf pfxI iPr ibjlI pYdf krn vfsqy vrqIaF jFdIaF trbfeInF nMU GuMmfAux vfsqy TIk Esy ZMg nfl bMn ky suitaf jFdf hY ijs qrF px-ibjlI GrF ivwc suitaf jFdf hY. Prk isrPL eyny huMdf hY ik ieh plFt Coty huMdy hn aqy pfxI Gwt AucfeI qoN suitaf jFdf hY aqy CotIaF trbfeInF hI ies nfl GuMmfeIaF jf skdIaF hn. muPLq df QohVf vI pRvfn hY aqy Auh vI purI qrF pRdUsLx rihq. Cwl nfl cVHy smuMdr df pfxI nklI JIl ivwc jF CwpV ivwc Br ilaf jFdf hY aqy iPr vrq ky vfps smuMdr ivwc sut idwqf jFdf hY, ies nfl iksy iksm df pRdUsLx pYdf hox df svfl hI pYdf nhIN huMdf. dunIaF Br ivwc ajyhy hjLfrF Coty Coty ibjlI plFt smuMdrF dy iknfry lgfey jf skdy hn.

          XUrpIan kimsLn dI ieh grIn plYn mfrc ivwc XUrpIan afgUaF dI ho rhI smt mIitMg ivwc ivcfrI jfvygI aqy lfgU kIqy jfx vfsqy pRvfn kIqI jfxI vI jLrUrI hY. ieh plYn vfqfvrx pRqI iek cMgI phuMc hY aqy dunIaF dy vwK vwK iKwiqaF nMU ajyhI sFJI phuMc apnfAux dI loV hY ikAuNik vfqfvrx iksy iek do dysLF dI phuMc qoN bfhr hY. ies vfsqy sFJy aqy kfrgr XqnF dI looV hY.

          iek sFJf Xqn “ikEto akfrz” dy rUp ivwc vI hoieaf sI ijs `qy kYnyzf ny dsqKLq kIqy sn. ies muqfibk vI kYnyzf ny grIn-hfAUs gYs GtfAux vfsqy tIcf imiQaf sI pr ies nMU pUrf krnf qF dUr dI gwl hY sgoN ies smyN dOrfn grIn-hfAus gYsF ivwc vfDf hoieaf hY. ies akfrz muqfibk kYnyzf ny sfl 2012 qwk, sfl 1990 nMU aDfr bxf ky pRdUsLx ivwc 6% dI ktOqI krnI sI. pr hoieaf ies dy Elt hY kYnyzf dI ilbrl srkfr dI sfl 2004 dI iek rport afKdI hY ik dysL ivwc pRdUsLx ies akfrz `qy dsqKq krn qoN bfad 27% viDaf hY. ilbrl pfrtI awj vI afKdI hY ik Auh ikEto leI bcnbwD hn pr pRdUsLx AuhnF dy rfjkfl ivwc 27% viDaf hY aqy ieh AuhnF dI afpxI srkfr dy aMkVy hn.

          mfhrF muqfibk jy awj ikEto akfrz dy tIcy nMU pUrf krnf hovy qF kYnyzf nMU sfl 2002 nMU aDfr bxf ky pRdUsLx ivwc 20% dI ktOqI krnI pvygI jo ik iek asMBv kMm hY. pRDfn mMqrI sRI hfrpr ny afiKaf hY ik kYnyzf ies tIcy nMU pUrf krn dI hflq ivwc nhIN hY. tIcy nMU pUrf krn dy lfry lfeI jfx nfloN lokF nMU swc dwsxf ikqy vwD cMgI nIqI hY pr jy ies df mqlb nvyN inrDfrq kIqy ajyhy tIcy hovy jo pUry kIqy jf skdy hox. ies kMm vfsqy pRDfn mMqrI ny afpxy mMqrI mMzl ivwc bIqy hPLqy qbdIlI vI kIqI hY aqy sRI jfhn byarz nMU vfqfvrx mMqrI bxfieaf hY.

          bIqy ivwc kYnyzf ivwc brfien mlrUnI dI torI srkfr ny vfqfvrx dy mfmly ivwc vDIaf kfrgujLfrI ivKfeI sI aqy amrIkf nMU rfjLI kr ky sFJI nIqI apxf ky “aYsz-ryn” dI smwisaf nMU hwl kIqf sI. hux jd XUrp vfqfvrx pRqI sucfrU phuMc vwl vD irhf hY qF pRDfn mMqrI hfrpr nMU jnfb mlrUnI vFg amrIkf nMU nfl lY ky grIn-hfAUs gYsF GtfAux vfsqy kfrgr nIqI GVnI cfhIdI hY. dovF dysLF dI sFJI phuMc ikqy vwD rMg ilaf skdI hY ikAuNik amrIkf “bflx” df kYnyzf nfloN ikqy vwzf Kpqkfr hY.

-blrfj idEl

 


jyqU df vYsLIafnf iensfPL!

          sLfsk dy rUp ivwc vyKIey qF sdfm husyn iensfPL dy qrfjLU `qy pUrf nf Auqrn vflf sLfsLk sI ijs dy rfjkfl ivwc bhuq sfry ierfkIaF nfl Gor ainaFeyN hoieaf sI. byiensfPLI df muK kfrn jF qF Auh sdfm dy isafsI dy ivroDI sn aqy jF AuhnF df Dfrimk iPrkf sdfm nfloN vwKrf sI. AuNJ BfvyN ierfk dI qkrIbn 99% abfdI muslmfn hY aqy msF 1% lok hI iesfeI jF hor DrmF nfl sbMDq hn pr 99% muslmfn huMdy hoey vI ierfkI lok 3 muK iPrikaF ivwc vMzy hoey hn. sLIaf muslmfn jo ik 60% dy krIb hn, suMnI muslmfn jo ik 20-22% dy krIb hn aqy kurd muslmfn jo ik 17-18% dy krIb hn. sLIaf aqy suMnI dovyN hI arb nsl dy lok hn isrPL AuhnF dI sMprdf hI vwKrI hY qy nsl iek hY jd ik kurd qy suMnI iPrikaF dI suMnI muslmfn hox dI sFJ hY pr kurdF dI nsl vwKrI hY. sdfm husyn suMnI sI aqy Aus dI srkfr ivwc vI suMnIaF df hI bolbflf sI ijs kfrn sLIaf aqy kurdF nMU srkfry drbfry brfbr df siqkfr hfsl nhIN sI. hflF ik ieh gwl dunIaF pRvfn kr cuwkI hY ik sdfm husyn kwtVvfdI muslmfn nhIN sI qy Aus dy rfj ivwc ieslfimk kwtVqf df koeI asQfn nhIN sI ijhf ik Aus dy guaFzI mulk sfAUdI arb aqy kuvYq vrgy dysLF ivwc hY.

          sdfm iek zktytr sI aqy iensfPL psMd sLfsLk nhIN sI pr dunIaF ivwc ajyhf Auh iekwlf sLfsLk nhIN sI aqy Aus nMU Pfhy lfey jfx qoN bfad vI dunIaF ivwc ajyhy sLfsLkF dI kmI nhIN hY. sdfm nMU pihlF gwdIAuN lfh ky aqy hux mrvf ky amrIkf jmhUrIaq df sflm rfKf nhIN aKvf skdf ikAuNik amrIkf hmysLf izktytrF df imwqr irhf hY aqy awj vI hY. ierfk dy guaFz ivwc hI kuvYq aqy sfAUdI arb ivwc amrIkf izktytrF df rfKf bixaF bYTf hY. iPlfpfeIn dy izktytr mfrkos, ierfn dy sLfh pihlvI, ieMzInysLIaf dy suhfrqo, purqgfl dy sflfjLfr aqy icwlI  dy kfql izktytr agsqo pInocy vrgy bdnfm izktytrF nMU amrIkf dI asLIrvfd hfsl sI. ieh swB jmhUrIaq aqy iensfPL dy kfql sn pr iPr vI amrIkf dI awK dy qfry sn.

          icwlI dy izktytr agsqo pInocy ny qF amrIkf dy iesLfry `qy POjI rfj pltf kr ky AuWQoN dI cuxI hoeI srkfr nMU gwdIAuN lfihaf sI aqy lokF dIaF votF nfl cuxy gey smfjvfdI pRDfn mMqrI alYNzy df kql kr idwqf sI. izktytr pInocy dy rfjkfl ivwc iekwly smfjvfdIaF nMU hI nhIN sgoN izktytrisLp dy hor ivroDIaF nMU vI cux cux ky mfiraf igaf sI. ipnocy ny afpxy hjLfrF ivroDIaF nMU ies ZMg nfl lfpqf kr idwqf sI ik awj qwk AuhnF dIaF hwzIaF qwk vI nhIN lwB skIaF. amlF nMU vyKIey qF pInocy aqy sdfm ccyry Brf hI jfpxgy pr iek dI amrIkf ny ijMLdgI dy afKrI plF qwk mdd kIqI aqy dUjy nMU afp gwdIAuN lfihaf. ajy dsMbr ivwc hI prlok sDfiraf hY icwlI df KUMKfr sfbkf izktytr agsqo ipnocy. dunIaF Aus `qy hjLfrF sLihrIaF dy kqlF dy dosL ivwc mukdmf clfieaf jfxf cfhuMdI sI pr amrIkf vfsqy pInocy sLfied hIro hI sI ijs ny dwKxI amrIkf mhFdIp ivwc smfjvfd nMU Twilaf sI. iek pfsy pInocy `qy mukdmf cwlx nhIN idwqf aqy dUjy pfsy sdfm nMU “mukdmy df zrfmf” rcf ky jldI Pfhy lgvfieaf igaf ieh hY amrIkf dI doglI nIqI df ichrf.

          hfmI amrIkf sdfm husyn df vI bhuq dhfky irhf hY. AudoN vI jd 1968 ivwc pRDfn abdul krIm kfism nMU POjI rfjplty ivwc gwidAuN lfihaf sI aqy AudoN vI jd sdfm ny Aup rfsLtrpqI huMidaF pRDfn hsfn bkr nMU pfsy kr ky 1979 ivwc afp pRDfngI sMBflI sI. sdfm nMU hux ijhnF 1982 ivwc kIqy 148 kqlF df dosLI dws ky Pfhy lgfieaf igaf hY, jd ieh kql hoey sn qF amrIkf sdfm df vwzf hmfieqI sI ikAuNik sdfm Aus vkq ierfn dy iKlfPL amrIkf dI pROksI lVfeI lV irhf sI aqy amrIkf sdfm nMU hiQafr splfeI kr irhf sI. sMn 1980 ivwc ierfn `qy hmly smyN vI amrIkf sdfm df hmfieqI sI aqy sdfm ny ierfn `qy hmlf vI amrIkf dI “hF” nfl hI kIqf dwisaf jFdf hY. kurdF dy ihlfbjLf nfm dy ksby `qy rsfiexk hiQafrF nfl hmlf kr ky jd sdfm ny 5 hjLfr sLihrI mfry sn qd vI amrIkf sdfm df hmfieqI hI sI aqy ieh mfrU rsfiex sdfm ny pRfpq vI amrIkf qoN hI kIqy sn.

          jd sdfm ny amrIkf dy sdfm husyn nfloN vI gUVHy imwqrF, guaFzI dysL kuvYq aqy sfAUdI arb nMU awKF ivKfAuxIaF sLurU kr idwqIaF qF amrIkf nMU sdfm dy aOgx ivKfeI dyx lwg pey. ijs df iswtf 1991 dI KfVI jMg ivwc inkilaf jo sdfm ny pihlF afp kuvYq `qy hmlf kr ky shyVI sI aqy sdfm ies jMg ivwc amrIkf dy iesLfry nMU gLlq smJ ky Ps igaf sI. sdfm srkfr ny kuvYq `qy hmly aqy kbjLy qoN pihlF bgdfd siQq amrIkI sPIr nMU ies bfry bkfiedf iesLfrf kr idwqf sI ijs df sPIr ny koeI ivroD nf kIqf ijs nMU sdfm ny hrI JMzI smiJaf. aMqrfrsLtrI ivroD dy bfvjUd sdfm dI hwTDrmI kfrn 1991 ivwc KfVI XuwD hoieaf qy amrIkf hwQoN sdfm hfiraf. sMn 2003 ivwc pRDfn busL ny afpxy bfp df aDUrf Cwizaf kMm pUrf krn vfsqy sdfm dy Gfqk hiQafrF df bhfn bxf ky ierfk `qy iPr hmlf kIqf qy sdfm nMU gwdIAuN lfh idwqf igaf. sdfm qoN Gfqk hiQafr qF nf imly pr ierfk df iek vwsdy dysL dy qOr `qy “Gfq” ho igaf ijs df  KimafjLf ierfk dy lok pqf nhIN kd qwk Bugdy rihxgy.

          amrIkf ierfk ivwc jmhUrIaq aqy KusLhflI ilafAux dy vfady kr ky igaf sI pr awj brbfdI dy tokry vMz irhf hY. pihlF sdfm `qy zUijLl dy 1982 dy kqlyafm leI pRvfxq pwDr df mukwdmf hI nf clfieaf igaf aqy sdfm nMU Pfhy lgfAux vflf PYslf jld hfsl krn vfsqy iqMn jwj bdly gey aqy jd PFsI dI sjLf vflf PYslf 5 nvMbr nMU hfsl kr ilaf igaf qF ies nMU lfgU krn dI amrIkf aqy ies dI kwTpuqlI srkfr nMU awcoafeI lwg geI. dsMbr 26 nMU sdfm dI apIl rwd kIqI geI aqy dsMbr 30 nMU qVksfr Aus nMU Pfhy lgf idwqf igaf. ajyhf kridaF muslmfnF dy pivwqr mMny jFdy eId dy iqAuhfr aqy hwj dy smyN df vI BYa nf rwiKaf igaf. hukmrfnf nMU kfhlI ieh sI ik sdfm dI bcfE pwK dI iDr koeI kfnUMnI cfrfjoeI kr ky PFsI dI sjLf `qy stya vgYrf nf lY ley aqy ies nfl sfl 2007 dy aprYl mhIny qwk sdfm 70 sfl df nf ho jfvy ikAuNik ierfkI kfnUMn ivwc 70 sfl qoN vwD Aumr dy ivakqI nMU PFsI nhIN idwqI jf skdI.

          bgdfd sLihr dI kDImIaF nfm dI POjI CfAuxI ivwc 30 dsMbr nMU qVksfr sdfm dy nfl nfl Aus smyN “amn” dy afsfr nMU vI Pfhy lgf idwqf igaf jd jlfdF ny PFsI qoN pihlF sdfm nMU msLkrIaF kIqIaF aqy nfl hI ies kfry dI sYWl Pon `qy rIkfrizMg kr ky lgdy hwQ hI vMzxI sLurU kr idwqI. amrIkf aqy amrIkf dI kwTpuqlI nUrI al mlIkI dI ierfkI srkfr sdfm `qy pRvfxq pwDr df kys clfey jfx qoN asPl rihx qoN bfad sdfm nMU pRvfxq rvfieq nfl Pfhy lgfey jfx ivwc burI qrF asPl rhI hY ijs dI dunIaF Br ivwc inMdf kIqI jf rhI hY. sdfm husyn `qy jd mukdmf sLurU kIqf igaf sI qF Aus smyN ieh kys ierfkI jwj rjLkfr muhMmd amIn kol sI ijs nMU bfad ivwc htf idwqf igaf sI. hux jwj rjLkfr muhMmd amIn ny sdfm nMU Pfhy lfey jfx dI kfrvfeI nMU gYr-knUMnI dwisaf hY.

          sYwl Pon rIkfrizMg qoN jfpdf hY ik sdfm nMU Pfhy lfey jfx smyN sdfm dy bhuq sfry ivroDI AuWQy hfjLr sn ijhnF ny Aus nMU “nrkIN jfx” qwk dy avfjLy kwsy aqy keI vfr sdfm dy sLIaf ivroDI “mukqfdf al sdr” df nfm lY itwcrF kIqIaF. suMnI iPrky nfl sbMDq sdfm husyn leI ies afKrI mOky sLIaf iPrky vflI Dfrimk rsm adf kIqI geI aqy sdfm ny afKrI mOky afpxf mUMh vI Zky jfx qoN ienkfr kr idwqf. ieh swB kuJ dunIaF aqy ierfk dy lokF ny sYWl-Pon rIkfrizMg qoN vyiKaf aqy hr rojL sbMDq iDrF ajy vI vyK rhIaF hn jo sLIaf aqy suMnI iPrikaF ivwc nPLrq hor gihrI hox df krfn bx igaf hY. ies nfl ierfk ivwc amn dy aml ivwc hor rukfvtF KVIaF ho geIaF hn ijs vfsqy amrIkf aqy amrIkf dI kT-puqlI srkfr pUrI qrF ijLMmyvfr hn.

          sdfm dy glL ivwc PFsI df PMdf pfAux vfly jlfdF dy Zky hoey ichry aqy PFsI `qy ltfey jfx vfly df ax-Zikaf ichrf vI awj dy ierfk bfry bhuq kuJ ibafn igaf hY. sdfm nMU PFsI idwqy jfx qoN bfad bI[ bI[ sI[ nfl gwlbfq kridaF iek ierfkI ny ikhf hY ik Auh socdf huMdf sI ik jmhUrIaq pihlF hY pr hux Aus nMU smJ afeI hY ik surwiKaf (sikAurtI) pihlF hY.

          sdfm husyn nMU ihlfbjf sLihr ivwc 5 hjLfr kurdF nMU rsfiexk hiQafrF nfl kql krn dy dosL ivwc vI cfrj kIqf igaf sI ijs df mukwdmf ajy clfieaf jfxf bfkI sI. ierfn ny keI vfr sdfm nMU 1980 qoN 1988 qwk cwly XuwD vfsqy vI cfrj kIqy jfx dI mMg kIqI sI ijs ivwc 1 imlIan lok mfry gey sn. cMgf huMdf sdfm nMU iehnF dosLF ivwc vI iksy aMqrrfsLtrI pwDr dI adflq df sfhmxf krnf pYNdf qF ik swc swB dy sfhmxy af jFdf ik kOx ikMnf ku ijLmyvfr hY. amrIkf nMU zr sI ik iehnF kysF ivwc sdfm swc Augl ky amrIkf dI imlIBugq df prdf PfsL kr dyvygf ijs kfrn sdfm nMU jldI Pfhy lgfieaf jfxf amrIkf vfsqy jLrUrI sI.

          sMsfr dI dUjI jMg qoN bfad dosLI nfjLI afgUaF `qy nUrmbrg ivwc kys clfey gey sn ijs nfl XUrp dy lokF df Brosf ijwiqaf igaf aqy awj qwk XUrp amn-cYn nfl vwsdf hY. kfsL iek dUjy dy vYrI bx cuwky ierfk dy iqMn iPrikaF nMU vI XUrp dy lokF vflf hwk imilaf huMdf qF ik BrfqrI Bfv df rsqf Kuwl skdf.

          amrIkf ny sdfm nMU jyqU vflf iensfPL idwqf jF dvfieaf hY aqy Auh vI vYsLIanf qrjL ivwc. vyKIey jmhUrIaq aqy KusLhflI dy vfady nfl lfm-lsLkr lY ky cVH ky afieaf amrIkf ierfkI lokF nMU muZlI surwiKaf kd pRdfn krygf!

-blrfj idEl

hux qwk KLbrnfmf dI vYWb sfeIt nUM pfTk vyK cuwky hn

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