www.khabarnama.com  {Punjabi Newspaper Khabarnama Toronto} email: editor@khabarnama.com 


 

ਅਖ਼ਬਾਰ ਪੜ੍ਹਨ ਲਈ ਪੰਜਾਬੀ  ਫਾਂਟ ਇੱਥੋਂ ਡਾਊਂਨਲੋਡ ਕਰ

 

 

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awKF Kohlx vflf hY, Krcy dy mfmly `c adflqI PYslf

          EntyrIE Kflsf drbfr izksI gurdvfry dy pRbMDkI ivvfd df kys meI 2006 qoN sQfnk adflq dy sfhmxy hY aqy ies df ajy qwk inptfrf nhIN ho sikaf. kmytI dI imafd qoN vI vwD smF ies kys dI suxvfeI ivwc gujLr igaf hY pr gwl iksy qxpwqx nhIN lwgI. ies somvfr nMU adflq ny Krcy dy mfmly ivwc, ivroDI iDr dy hwk ivwc iek aihm PYslf suxfieaf hY jo ik ajyhy ivvfdF ivwc awKF Kohlx vflf sfbq ho skdf hY. ajyhy dIvfnI iksm dy kysF ivwc iksy iek iDr nMU Krcf pY jfxf afm ijhI gwl hY pr ies kys ivwc mfnXog jwj sRI zMn ny Krcf iek iDr nMU injI qOr `qy pfieaf hY jo ik iek nvyklI gwl hY. mfnXog jwj df PYslf piVHaF pqf lgdf hY ik dovf iDrF dy vkIlF ny afpxy kysF dy hwk ivwc isrqoV sbUq aqy hvfly idwqy sn ijhnF kfrn jwj vfsqy PYslf krnf hor vI kTn ho igaf sI aqy ajyhf jwj zMn ny PYsly dy sPLf 2 aqy mwd 3 ivwc ijLkr vI kIqf hY.

          ies PYsly muqfibk pRbMDkI iDr dy 6 zrYktr ies Krcy leI ijLMmyvfr Tihrfey gey hn aqy iehnF zrYktrF nMU hI ieh Krcf jo ik 2 lwK qoN vwD bxdf hY, dyx vfsqy afiKaf igaf hY. dUjy sLbdF ivwc EntyrIE Kflsf drbfr nfm dI sMsQf ies Krcy leI ijLMmyvfr nhIN hY. asIN ieQy iksy iek iDr nMU sfry kys leI ksUrvfr aqy dUjI iDr nMU pUrI qrF sfPL nhIN dws rhy aqy nf hI sfzy kol ajyhf afKx dI koeI aQfirtI hY. ieh vI iDafn rhy ik ieh PYslf isrPL Krcy dy mfmly ivwc hI hY, ieh sfry kys df afKrI PYslf nhIN hY. Krcy dy mfmly ivwc vI ieh PYslf ies kys dy iek Kfs smyN qwk df hI hY, jo sfzI jfxkfrI muqfibk sfl 2007 dy afKrI ihsy qwk df hI hY. kys Aus qoN awgy vI cwilaf hY aqy Krcf vI hoieaf hY. koeI nf koeI iDr ies Krcy leI vI BIvK ivwc adflq duafrf ijMLmyvfr TihrfeI jf skdI hY. ies leI ies PYsly nMU ies hwd ivwc rih ky hI vyiKaf qy ivcfiraf jfxf cfhIdf hY.

          asIN Krcy dI idsLf jF ijMLmyvfrI inrDfrq krn dy pwK dI hI gwl kr rhy hF jo ik nvyklI aqy awKF Kohlx vflI hY. sbMDq iDr jF iDrF ies mfmly ivwc awgy kI krdIaF hn aqy adflqF AuhnF dy qrk ikvyN nkfrdIaF jF kbUldIaF hn ieh iek vwKrf mfmlf hY. apIl aqy dlIl df rsqf dovF iDr vfsqy brfbr Kuwlf hY aqy ieh PYslf vI apIl aqy dlIl df hI nqIjf hY.

          Dfrimk adfiraF ivwc JgVy iek afm ijhI gwl bx geI hY aqy hux ieh jfixaF hI pqf lwgdf hY ik adfiraF dy vwzy ho jfx nfl JgVy vI vwzy ho gey hn aqy iehnF JgiVaF nMU kort-kichrI ivwc lVn vfsqy loV vI vwzy vkIlF dI pYx lwg peI hY ijhnF dIaF PIsF vI vwzIaF hn. ies iksm dy kys lwK ku zflr dy Krcy qoN sLurU ho ky imlIan dI hwd qoN twpx lwg pey hn. ajyhf EntyrIE dy keI gurdvfiraF ivwc vfpr cuwkf hY aqy bI[ sI dy keI vwzy gurdvfry vI ies rsqy dy pFDI bxdy vyKy gey hn. iehnF JgiVaF ivwc jy iksy df psInf ajFeIN jFdf hY qF ieh afm sMgq df hY jo Dfrimk BfvnfvF kfrn iehnF adfiraF nMU dfn idMdI hY. pRbMDkI iDr hmysLf adflqI kysF ivwc iksy nf iksy hwd qwk golk dI mfieaf vrqdI hY aqy ieh gwl qkrIbn hr JgVy vfly Dfrimk adfry `qy hI lfgU huMdI hY. kfnMUn sfhmxy Dfrimk adfry hn vI kfrporysLnF ieh vwKrI gwl hY ik ieh KrfieqI aqy munfPLf rihq kfrporysLnF hn pr iehnF dy pRbMDkF kol hwk afm kfrporysLnF dy ahudydfrF vfly hI hn. ijhnF hwkF dI vrqoN krky JgVy smyN pRbMDk golk dI mfieaf adflqI kysF vfsqy iesqymfl krdy hn.

          ies kys ivwc jwj vloN Krcy dI ijLMmyvfrI pRbMDkF isr inwjI qOr `qy pfeI geI hY aqy ajyhf krdy smyN mfnXog jwj ny kfnMUn dI rOsLnI ivwc bhuq kuJ ivcfiraf hovygf. iek ilmitz hwd qwk ajyhf PYslf iswKsiprcUal sYNtr dy kys ivwc vI suxfieaf igaf sI jd pRbMDkI iDr nMU Kricaf igaf 51 hjLfr zflr gurdvfry nMU vfps adf krn vfsqy afiKaf igaf sI.

          ieh PYslf Dfrimk adfiraF dy kysF ivwc awKF Kolx vflf sfbq ho skdf hY aqy cMgf hovy jy kr Dfrimk adfiraF dy sMivDfnF ivwc vI pRbMDkI iDrF `qy golk dI mfieaf dI vrqoN dy mfmly ivwc kuJ bMdsLF jF sLrqF inrDfrq kIqIaF jfx.              

 -blrfj idEl

 - KLbrnfmf #512, julfeI 03-2009

 


isafsI afgU vwzy-XUnIanvfd dI QF afm lokF `qy qrs krn

          torFto mhF ngr dy 30,000 dy krIb kfmy somvfr qVksfr hVqfl `qy cly gey sn aqy awj ies hVfql df pMjfvF idn hY. ies hVqfl ivwc sLihr dy gfrbyj iekwTf krn vfly vrkr vI sLfml hn aqy grmIaF dI rwuq hox kfrn lokF vfsqy gfrbyj jmF krnf musLkl kMm hY ijs nMU XUnIan vI jfxdI hY. sLihr dy lokF vfsqy ieh awq musLkl smF hY jd musLk mfrdy gfrbyj nfl AuhnF nMU do-cfr hoxf pvygf. knyzIan XUnIan afPL pbilk aMplfeIjL jo iehnF hVqflIaF dI numfieMdgI krdI hY dysL dIaF vwzIaF XUnIanF ivcoN hY jo iksy vI pwDr dI srkfr df nwk ivwc dm kr dyx dI smrwQf rwKdIaF hn.

          istI, subfeI aqy PYzrl srkfrF ajyhIaF vwzIaF XUnIanF nfl do hwQ krn qoN zrdIaF hn ikAuNik iek pfsy syvfvF ivwc pYx vfly ivGn kfrn lok qMg af jFdy hn aqy dUjy pfsy ajyhIaF XUnIanF kol vot aqy zflrF dI qfkq huMdI hY ijs nfl Auh, AuhnF awgy aVn vfly isafsI afgUaF aqy pfrtIaF nMU coxF vyly burI qrF GVIsdIaF hn. vwzf XUnIanvfd iek bhuq vwzf vpfr bx cuwkf hY aqy isafsI afgU ies df ivroD krn df hIaf nhIN krdy. isafsI afgUaF ny ikhVf pYsy afpxI jyb ivcoN dyxy huMdy hn ies leI Auh vwzy XUnIanvfd awgy Jwt gozy tyk idNdy hn aqy lokF dIaF jybF `qy tYks rUpI zMn vDf idMdy hn. afm lokF kol nf ieh smJx dI smrwQf hY aqy nf smF hY. Auh qF afm suivDf jfrI rhI vyKxI cfhuMdy hn ijs df isafsI afgU aqy vwzf XUnIanvfd pUrf lfB AuTfAuNdf hY.

          awj dunIaF dIaF awKF dy sfhmxy amrIkf dIaF iqMn vwzIaF  kfrF bnfAux vflIaF kMpnIaF kMgfl ho geIaF hn aqy do qF hux  amrIkf aqy kYnyzf dIaF srkfrF qoN keI keI ibalIan zflr dI afriQk mdd lY ky vI afKrI sfhF `qy hn. dunIaF dy hor dysLF dIaF kfr kMpnIaF iehnF iqMnF qoN bhuq awgy inkl geIaF hn aqy afriQk mMdI dI mfr dy bfvjUd iehnF nfloN cMgI hflq ivwc hn. kfrn BfvyN bhuq ho skdy hn pr pRmuwK kfrn AuhnF dy lybr Krcy Gwt hoxf hI hY. srkfrF dy BfrI dbfE aqy bMd hox dy Kqry nMU vyKidaF afto kMpnIaF dIaF XUnIanF kuJ rfieqF dyx nMU musLkl nfl rfjLI hoeIaF hn.

          srkfrI ivBfgF, skUlF, puils, Pfier, hspqflF aqy hor srkfrI qy ishq adfiraF dI hflq vI awj iehnF iqMn afto kMpnIaF vrgI hI hoxI sI jy kr ieh swB adfry afpxy bwlbUqy `qy cldy huMdy aqy iehnF kol lokF dIaF jybF nMU tMkf lgfAux df hwk nf huMdf. isafsI afgU jd  mrjLI lokF dIaF jybF nMU tMkf lgf ky ies vwzy XUnIanvfd nMU KusL rwKdy rhy hn aqy istf ieh inkilaf hY ik ies XUnIanvfd df mUMh bhuq Kuwl igaf hY aqy ieh afriQk mMdI dy dOr ivwc vI afm lokF `qy qrs krn nMU iqafr nhIN hY. iehnF nMU pihlF vrgf qnKfh vfDf aqy Bwqy cfhIdy hn aqy jfbF vI hr hflq surwiKaq cfhIdIaF hn lok BfvyN ZwTy KUh ivwc jfx.

          afm sLihrIaF kol nf jfbF dI grMtI hY nf qnKfh df ryt iehnF dy nyVy qyVy hI hY aqy nf BwiqaF dI hI vrKf huMdI hY. vwzy XUnIanvfd dy Bwqy vyiKaF hYrfnI huMdI hY ik iehnF nMU ajyhy Bwqy dy iks ny idwqy aqy ies df kfrn kI hY? kI iehnF vwzIaF XUnIanF dy mYNbr Kfs iksm dy iensfn hn? kI ieh afm lokF nfloN vDIaf iksm dy hn jF iehnF dIaF loVF afm lokF nfloN vwKrIaF hn? Audfhrx leI kuJ bIar kMpnIaF dy kfmy sfl ivwc 72 kys bIar dy muPq lYx df hwk rwKdy hn aqy kuJ srkfrI mihkmy ijhnF ivwc skUl vI sLfml hn dy kiQq kfmy sfl ivwc 15 qoN 18 pyz iswk zya lYx dy hwkdfr hn aqy jy Auh ajyhy idn klym nf krn qF ieh jmF huMdy jFdy hn ijhnF nMU Auh ieky vfr lY ky sfl jF 6 mhIny pyz CuwtIaF lY skdy hn. dUjy pfsy afm vrkr sfl ivwc do hPLqy dIaF pyz CuwtIaF lY skdf hY aqy Aus nMU kfnUMn muqfibk vkysLn qnKfh kul qnKfh df 4% hI imldI hY.

          ies afriQk mMdI dy dOr ivwc jd afm lokF dIaF jfbF twut rhIaF hn qF vwzf XUnIanvfd vwzIaF qnKfh ryjLF aqy Bwqy mMg irhf hY. bhuiqaF nMU ajyhIaF qnKfh ryjLF idwqIaF vI geIaF hn jd ik smF srkfrI Krcy Gtf ky afm lokF `qy tYks Bfr jy GtfAuxf nhIN hY qF Gwt Gwt vDfAux df nhIN hY. sLihrI srkfrF ny pRfprtI tYksF ivwc dUhry vfDy kr ky mn afeIaF kIqIaF hn pr afm lok cwup rhy hn aqy tYksF dI mfr KfeI jf rhy hn.

          afm lokF vfsqy ieh jfgx df vkq hY aqy isafsI afgUaF nMU cfhIdf hY ik afm lokF df hor KUMn cUsx qoN guryjL krn aqy vwzy XUnIanvfd nMU QF isr rwKx dy Auprfly krn.          

-blrfj idEl

  KLbrnfmf #511, jUn 26-2009

 


coxF tflx leI kMsrvtv ilbrl imlvrqx sLlfGfXog

          bIqy kuJ idnF qoN ieMJ jfp irhf sI ik Gwt igxqI hfrpr srkfr tuwtI ky tuwtI aqy kYnyzf ivwc iek vfr iPr mwDkflI cox afeI ky afeI. aYn zI pI aqy blfk ikbYWkvf ny sfPL afK idwqf sI ik bjt awp-zyt jF ijs nMU ilbrl pROgrYs rport kfrz afKdy sn, dI Auh hmfieq nhIN krngy. ieMJ hfrpr srkfr dI sMGI ilrblF dy hwQ ivwc sI aqy ilbrl afgU sRI ingnYsLIaf hPqf ku Br ijs lihjLy ivwc ibafn dfgdy rhy sn Aus qoN hfrpr srkfr df izwgxf aqy julfeI 27 dy afspfs muV coxF df af jfxf insLcq jfp irhf sI.  jy ilbrl afgU dI pujIsLn pihlF vflI hI rihMdI qF hfrpr srkfr jUn 18 jF 19 nMU cldI hoxI sI pr ikAuNik dovyN pfrtIaF hI coxF nhIN cfhuMdIaF sn ies leI dovF vloN coxF tflx vfsqy rsqf lwBx leI sMjIdf gwlbfq hoeI.

          pRDfn mMqrI sRI hfrpr aqy ilbrl afgU sRI iegnYsLIaf ivckfr lgfqr iqMn mulfkfqF nfl ivc-ivcfly vflf rsqf lwB ilaf igaf hY aqy dysL mwDkflI coxF qoN hfl dI GVI bc igaf. ajy 8 mhIny hI bIqy hn ipClIaF mwDkflI coxF nMU aqy jy iPr coxF dI nObq af jFdI qF ieh mMdBfgI gwl hI hoxI sI. Kfs kr ies hflq ivwc jd sMBfvI coxF ivwc iPr ltvIN sMsd hI hoNd ivwc afAux dIaF BivKbfxIaF vwK vwK polF vloN kIqIaF jf rhIaF sn. ies nfl afriQk mMdI nfl iswJx dI qfkq vI sImq ho ky rih jfxI sI aqy lokF df BfrI nuksfn hoxf sI.  aYn zI pI aqy blfk ikbYWkvf BfvyN dmgjLy mfr rhy sn pr jy pol srvyKxf vwl vyKIey qF iehnF dovF nMU nvIaF coxF nfl Gftf pYx dy pUry afsfr sn. ikbYWk ivwc ilbrl pfrtI ies mOky blfk nMU sKLq twkr dy rhI hY ijs kfrn blfk dIaF sItF GtxIaF hI sn. ieiqhsk pwK qoN vyKIey qF aYn zI pI ijs mukfm `qy phuMc cuwkI hY Aus qoN awgy jfx dI AumId bhuq Gwt hY. ieh vwKrI gwl hY ik ieh dovyN pfrtIaF ilbrlF aqy kMsrvtvF dI mjbUrI jfxdIaF sn ijs kfrn srkfr qoVn jf bcfAux df BFzf iehnF isr hI Bwjxf sI.

          qfjLf srvyKxf muqfibk kYnyzf dy 78% lok mwDkflI coxF dy iKlfPL sn aqy ies gwl dI koeI grMtI nhIN sI ik hfrpr srkfr tuwtx dI hflq ivwc ilbrl pfrtI lokF dy gwsy df isLkfr nf huMdI. sfl 2004 dIaF coxF ipwCoN kYnyzf ivwc lfgfqfr Gwt igxqI srkfrF df dOr clidaF pMj sfl ho gey hn aqy afey idn srkfr tutwx df KdsLf bixaF rihMdf hY. sRI XF ikRqIaF qoN ilbrl pfrtI dI kursI hiQafx ipwCoN sRI pfl mfrtn ny 10 sfl dysL df pRDfn mMqrI bixaF rihx dI afs pRgt kIqI sI pr Auh 2004 dIaF coxF ivwc bhuqmwq hfsl nf kr sky aqy dysL ivwc Gwt igxqI srkfrF df dOr sLurU ho igaf.

          hfrpr dI Gwt igxqI srkfr suwtx df ies smyN koeI vI kfrn mjUd nhIN sI ies leI dovF afgUaF ny iqMn mIitMgF ivwc imlvrqx df rsqf lwB ky isafxp qoN  kMm ilaf hY. dysL nMU afriQk mMdI dy dOr ivwcoN kwZx vfsqy hfrpr srkfr ny bhuq pYsf vwK vwK pRfjYktF vfsqy Kricaf hY aqy hor Kricaf jf irhf hY ijs nfl bjt Gftf 50 iblIan qoN twp igaf hY. ies mMdI nfl nijwTx vfsqy afrMBy gey vwK vwK pRogrfmF df asr rfqo rfq nhIN ho skdf ies leI srkfr  dI kfrgujLfrI prKx vfsqy iqMn mhIny vflf ilbrl rport kfrz kfPLI nhIN hY. ieh gwl sRI iegnYsLIaf afp vI jfxdy hn pr isfasdfnF df kMm isafsq Kyzxf huMdf hY jo AuhnF KyzI hY pr aMq nMU afrjLI imlvrqx leI rfjLI hoey hn. ies ivwc koeI sLwk nhIN hY ik ies afrjLI imlvrx ivwc dovF afgUaF dy ihwq Cupy hoey hn pr ieh vI swc hY ik ies nfl dysL dy ihwq vI bwJy hoey hn ies leI ieh awCf aml hY.

          ilbrlF ny hfrpr srkfr nMU ieh qF bhuq jLor dy ky puwiCaf hY ik srkfr afriQk mMdI dy tfkry vfsqy kI kr rhI hY pr nfl hI vD rhy bjt Gfty nMU kfbU krn aqy mMdI dy hwl leI hor Krcy krn dI mMg vI brfbr jfrI rwKI hY. Krcy hor krnf aqy bjt Gftf vI kfbU krnf jF GtfAuxf, ho qF skdf hY pr ies vfsqy sLihrIaF `qy tYksF df Bfr hor vDfAuxf pvygf ijs qoN hfrpr srkfr ny spsLt nFh kr idwqI hY. pihlF hI mMdI dI mfr Jwl rhy knyzIan lokF `qy tYksF df boJ hor vDfAuxf iksy qrF vI jfiejL nhIN hY aqy ieh gwl ilbrl vI jfxdy hn.

          pRDfn mMqrI ny ilbrl afgU nfl gwlbfq isry lwg jfx ipwCoN ikhf hY ik Auh ies qoN sMqusLt hn pr AuhnF nfl hI ieh cyqfvnI vI idwqI hY ik sMqbr mhIny dy aMq `qy iPr srkfr sutx dIaF gwlF krnf vI ax-Auicq hovygf ijhf ky kuJ ilbrl soc rhy hn.  ilbrl afgU sRI iegnYsLIaf ny pRDfn mMqrI nfl gwlbfq `qy sMqusLtI jfhr kridaF ikhf hY ik ieh dysL vfsqy cMgf hY aqy ieh ies leI vI cMgf idn hY ikAuNik ieh sMsdI pRnflI vfsqy cMgf hY.

          kuJ itwpxIkfrF ny ikhf hY ik ies imlvrqx nfl ilbrl afgU nMU Gftf ipaf hY ikAuNiuk hfrpr ny Cwizaf Gwt hY aqy hfsl vwD kIqf hY pr ies ivwc bhuqI scfeI nhIN jfpdI. dovyN afgU eI[ afeI[ isstm ivwc suDfr vfsqy sFJI 6 mYNbrI kmytI bxfAux leI sihmq hoey hn ijs ivwc do srkfrI aiDkfrI aqy dovF pfrtIaF dy do do mYNbr hoxgy. ieh iek cMgI sLrUafq hY. dysL dy eI[ afeI[ isstm ivwc suDfrF dI crokxI loV hY aqy ies nMU dysL Br dy lokF leI brfbr lfBkfrI bxfieaf jfxf cfhIdf jo ik ieh awj nhIN hY. mMdI dy dOr nfl nijwTx vfsqy ies eI[ afeI[ isstm ivwc afrjLI qOr `qy sLrqF df nrm  krnf vI iek jfiejL aqy ZukvIN mMg hY.                     

 -blrfj idEl, KLbrnfmf #510, jUn 19-2009

 


BfvkUqf dy dOr df aMq jLrUrI

          aprysLn blU stfr dI 25vIN vrHygMz mOky dunIaF Br dy iswKF ny Es idn nMU duK nfl Xfd kIqf hY ijs idn cfr Kuwly drvfijLaF, mnuwKqf dI srbsLFJIvflqf aqy brfbrI dy pRqIk sRI hirmMdr sfihb ivwc awg vrHI sI. aprysLn blUa stfr, ies dy kfrnF, ijLMmyvfrF aqy iswitaF bfry iswK BfeIcfry ivwc bhuq vwK vwK iksmF dy ivcfr imldy hn. sihmqI ies mfmly ivwc jLrUr hY ik swB ies qoN nfKusL hn.

          iswK BfeIcfry ivwc kuJ aYsy lok vI hn ijhnF ny ies aprysLn nMU Bfrq qoN alwg hox df aDfr bxfieaf hoieaf hY pr ieh gwl icwty idn vFg sfPL hY ik ies ivcfrDfrf vfilaF dI igxqI vI bhuq Gwt hY aqy ieh awgoN hor suMGVdI jf rhI hY. awj ijMnI ku igxqI iswKF ivwc qwqI sur vfilaF dI hY Aus df kfrn vI sOVI isafsq hI hY jo nf akflIaF ny KyzxI bMd kIqI hY aqy nf kFgrsIaF ny. iehnF dovyN pfrtIaF dI sOVI isafsq ies aprysLn qwk gwl lY jfx df mUl kfrn bxI sI.  AuNJ hor bhuq sfry PYktr hn ijhnF nMU ies df ihsf ikhf jf skdf hY ijs ivwc iswK kwtVvfd, ivdysLI hwQ aqy pMjfbI sUby dy mfmly ivwc kuJ kwtVpMQI ihMdU sMsQfvF vloN inBfieaf igaf rol ijs nMU iswK vwKvfdIaF ny afpxf pwK pUrn vfsqy vriqaf sI.

          ajy kuJ hPLqy pihlF hI kuJ iswK kwtVpMQI qnjLImF ny ies aprysLn vfsqy akflIaF nMU dosLI dwisaf sI aqy ajyhy qwQ pysL kIqy sn ik akflIaF ny Bfrq srkfr nMU aprysLn vfsqy hrI JMzI idwqI sI ikAuNik jrnYl isMG iBMzrFvflf akflIaF `qy hfvI huMdf jf irhf sI. ies aprysLn sbMDI jo vwK vwK qrk aqy qwQ pysL kIqy jf rhy hn AuhnF ivcoN bhuiqaF ivwc koeI nf koeI QohVf jF bhuqf dm jLrUr hY.

          iswK kwtVpMQI aksr ies nMU GwlUGfry df nfm idMdy hn aqy ies nMU AuhnF GtnfvF nfl joV ky pysL krdy hn jo mugl kfl jF qurkF aqy aPLgfnF dy hmilaF dOrfn vfprIaF sn ijhnF ivwc sRI hirmMdr sfihb nMU pUrn qOr `qy Zfh dyx aqy srovr nMU pUr dyx dI Gtnf vI sLfml hY. ieh dfavf vI kIqf jFdf hY ik iswK kdy ies nMU nhIN Buwlxgy aqy jo iswKF nMU ieh Buwl jfx leI afK rhy hn Auh iswK ieiqhfs nhIN jfxdy. hr nrm gwl krn vflf iswK vI iehnF qwiqaF dI njLr ivwc iswK nhIN hY. hux qF iswK dI sOVI pRIBfsLf kfrn hI iswKI df dfierf hor sMugV igaf hY.

          svfl pYdf huMdf hY ik ijhnF hor purfqn GwlUGfiuraF nfl aprysLn blU stfr nMU mfipaf jFdf hY AuhnF dI Xfd ikMnI ku mnfeI jFdI hY? jy aprysLn blU stfr BuwlxXog nhIN hY qF ies nfl iksy nMU ieqrfjL nhIN hoxf cfhIdf pr smF awgy cwl irhf hY aqy ies nMU Xfd rwK ky vI awgy cwilaf jf skdf hY ijvyN hor GwlUGfiraf nMU Xfd rwK ky awgy cwilaf jf irhf hY.

          kuJ lok ies nMU nf muafPL krnXog vI dwsdy hn pr svfl pYdf huMdf hY ik kI pihly GwlUGfry muafPL krnXog sn? jy sn qF ikAuN aqy jy nhIN qF kI muafPL kr idwqy gey hn? kI AuhnF GtnfvF jF GwlUGfiraF df bdlf lYx dI gwl awj kIqI jFdI hY?  kI koeI ajyhI smF sImF hY ijs qoN ipwCoN ajyhIaF GtnfvF dI Xfd mwDm pY jFdI hY? jo ies nMU nf muafPL krnXog aqy nf Buwlxxog dws rhy hn AuhnF dI 25 sflF dI pRfpqI kI hY? bIqy hPLqy jd iek sMsQf ny afpxf sflfnf blU stfr XfdgfrI smfgm dysL dI rfjDfnI ivwc kIqf qF iek vI iswK aYm pI ies ivwc hfjLr nhIN hoieaf. imlI jfxkfrI muqfibk ies smfgm vfsqy kmrf jF hfl buwk krvfAux ivwc mdd krn vflf isafsI afgU afp vI ies ivwc hfjLr nhIN hoieaf. kI ieh pRfpqI mMnI jf skdI hY?

          kfrn kuJ vI hox iek gwl spsLt hY ik iswK BfeIcfrf awgy vwD irhf hY aqy smyN nfl agy vDxf bxdf vI hY. qwqIsur vfly iswK mMnx BfvyN nf mMnx ies nfl Prk vI kuJ nhIN pYNdf ik ies ivvfdgRssq POjI aprysLn df awj qwk kdy BYa rihq mulFkx nhIN ho sikaf jF krn nhIN idwqf igaf. gwl munKI hwkF aqy mnuwKI ajLfdI dI jLrUr kIqI jFdI hY pr ies vfsqy lVn df dafvf krn vfly horF dy hwkF nMU Buwl jFdy hn.  jo ax-aYlfnI pfbMDI ivroDI ivcfr rwKx vfilaF `qy iswK BfeIcfry aMdr TosI hoeI hY Auh isK BfeIcfry vfsqy ishqmMd nhIN hY aqy nf hI ies df iksy nMU lfB ho skdf hY.

          bIqy kuJ sflF ivwc Prk eynf ku jLrUr ipaf hY ik jd qoN pwCmI dysLF ny dihsLqvfd df afp suafd cwiKaf hY aqy dihsLqvfd df Kuwlf ivroD sLurU kIqf hY qd qoN pwCmI dysLF ivwc vwsdy qwqIsur vfly iswKF ny ieh mMnxf sLurU kr idwqf hY ik iek df sLhId dUjy df dihsLqgrd ho skdf hY. dunIaF ies gwl nMU qslIm krn nMU iqafr nhIN hY ik iswK Bfrq ivwc gulfm hn aqy ies ivwc scfeI df kxkf qwk vI nhIN hY. iswK BfeIcfry df vwzf ihwsf ies kiQq dfavy nMU koeI mhwqqf nhIN idMdf. zfktr mnmohx isMG ny iswK BfeIcfry df isr AuWcf kIqf hY aqy hr sUJvfn iswK ies vDIaf smyN nMU afpxy BfeIcfry dI pRPLwulqf vfsqy vrqxf cfhuMdy hn.  iswK BfeIcfry dI aMdrUnI afjLfdI aqy qMqrusqI vfsqy Bfvukqf dy dOr df hux aMq hoxf cfhIdf hY.      

-blrfj idEl

 KLbrnfmf #509, jUn 12-2009

 


bIqy qoN iswKx, vrqmfn qy BivK bfry sMjIdf hox dI loV

          ieh hPLqf ivvfdgRsq sfkf nIlf qfrf dI 25vIN vryHgMT df hPLqf hY. awj iksy nf iksy nuqfinghf qoN qkrIbn hr mfhr aqy icMqk sfkf nIlf qfrf dI nukqfcInI kr irhf hY. ijwQy iswK kwtVpMQI ies nMU afpxy njLrIey qoN iswKF df nslGfq dws rhy hn AuQy iswK kwtVpMQIaF dI nPLrq dy hmysLf pfqr rhy sfbkf puils muKI ky[ pI[ aYs[ igwl ny vI sfkf nIlf qfrf dI nuqfcInI kIqI hY. iewQoN qwk ik BfrqI POj dy sfbkf myjr jnrl sRI jy aYs jfmvfl ny vI sfkf nIlf qfrf dI keI aihm pwKF qoN nuqfcInI kIqI hY. Auh 1984 ivwc aMimRqsr CfAuxI dy kmFzr aqy pYNQrjL zvIjLn dy jnrl afiPsr kmFizMg myjr jnrl sn. AuhnF nMU ieh ieqrfjL vI hY ik sQfnk POjI CfAuxI dy iencfrj vjoN AuhnF dI slfh qwk nf leI geI aqy AuhnF nMU bfrzr dI rfKI vfsqy qYnfq kr idwqf igaf sI. iswK kwtVpMQIaF smyq jy pRspr ivroDI ivcfr rwKx vfly aflfH aPsr vI ies aprysLn nMU iksy nf iksy pwKoN nuksdfr mMn rhy hn qF ies ivwc vjLn jLrUr hY.

          iswK BfeIcfry ivwc bIqy 25 sflF ivwc sfkf nIlf qfrf dI sKLq nukqfcInI nMU bhuq Kuwlf vkq idwqf igaf hY jy ieh afK ilaf jfvy ik iksy nMU vDIaf iswK mMinaf jfx vfsqy pYmfnf hI ieh vriqaf jFdf irhf hY ik koeI iswK sfkf nIlf qfrf df ivroD ikMnf sKLqI nfl krdf hY aqy kwtVvfd nMU TIk ikMnf ku afKdf hY qF ieh awq kQnI nhIN hovygI. jo iswK qwqI sur ivwc boldf hovy Aus nMU hor koeI kfblIaq ivKfAux dI loV hI nhIN hY, bws Auh iek cMgf iswK hY.  sfkf nIlf qfrf qoN pihlF dIaF pRsiQqIaF aqy ipCoN pYdf hoey hflfq aqy nuksfn bfry gwl krn vfly nMU iswK ivroDI grdfn ky cuwp krvf dyxf iek rvfieq hI bx geI hY ijs df iswtf ieh inkilaf hY ik iswK BfeIcfry aqy ies dy afgUaF ny ies awq sMjIdf mfmly `c afpf pRVcol krn dI kdy loV nhIN smJI.

          kwtVpMQI sur vfilaF ny ies mfmly ivwc bIqy 25 sfl mn afeIaF kIqIaF hn aqy kdy iksy nMU ieh Kuwl vI nhIN idwqI ik AuhnF qoN koeI ieh puwC lvy ik AuhnF ny awj qwk pRfpqI kI kIqI hY? hr Gtnf nMU ieiqhfs ivwc vfprIaF hor GtnfvF nfl joV ky pysL krnf vI iek afdq bx geI hY, sbMDq GtnfvF BfvyN jLrf ijMnf myl vI nf KfdIaF hox, bws sur qwqI cfhIdI hY bfkI swB mnjLUr hY. ajy mhInf ku pihlF hI sRI drbfr sfihb ivwc iek ivakqI Es smyN afid gRMQ vfsqy iqafr rwKy pIVHy `qy cVH igaf sI jd qVksfr rvfieq muqfibk sRI gRMQ sfihb dI bIVH nMU sRI hrimMdr sfihb pRkfsL krn vfsqy ilaFdf jf irhf sI. sbMDq ivakqI jo ik idmfgI bImfr dwisaf jFdf hY, nMU kuwt kuwt ky aDmoieaf kr idwqf igaf sI. gwl eyQy hI nhIN rukI sgoN iswK vwzy vwzy afgUaF dy vwzy ibafn afAux lwg pey ijhnF ivwc ies Gtnf nMU afr aYs aYs jF iksy hor kiQq pMQ dusLmx dI sfijsL dwisaf jfx lwg ipaf sI. pMQ dy iek ivdvfn smJy jFdy swjx ny qF ies Gtnf nMU mwsy rMgV vflI Gtnf nfl qulnf idMidaF iksy suwKf isMG jF mihqfb dI loV dI guhfr vI lgf idwqI sI. ikwQy mwsf rMgV vflI Gtnf aqy ikwQy iek idmfgI bImfr, ijs nMU jy sLrfrqI vI sfbq kr idwqf jfvy qd vI mwsf rMgV dy bfrbr sfbq nhIN kIqf jf skdf aqy nf hI kIqf jfxf cfhIdf hY. mukdI gwl ieh hY ik iswKF ivwc bIqy 25 qoN vwD sflF ivwc dMdy kwwZx vfilaF dI hI qUqI bolI hY, isr vrqx jF jLmfny dy hfx dI gwl krn vfilaF nMU gdfrI dy Pqvy dyx vfilaF df qFqf lwgf hoieaf hY.

          sfkf nIlf qfrf nMU vI mwsf rMgV aqy abdflI vflIaF ieiqhfsk GtnfvF nfl joV ky hI pysL kIqf jFdf hY aqy vihmF BrmF df sKLq ivroD krn vfly vI krfmfq sfbq krn vfsqy ies hwd qwk cly jFdy hn ik sRI hirmMdr sfihb dI avwigaf krn vfly nMU ijAux vfsqy isrPL 153 idn hI imldy hn. avwigaf qF sRI hirmMdr sfihb ivwc dur BfsLf bolx, kql krn, qsIhy dyx, kfmuk hrkqF krn, kurwpsLn krn, JUT bolx ijhy kukrm krn nfl vI huMdI hY jo AuWQy hoey vI hn, huMdy vI hn aqy dunIaF dy hor DrmF dy Drm asQfnF `c vI huMdy hn. iensfn iek aYsf jfnvr hY jo imMt ivwc dyvqf aqy imMt ivwc hYvfn bx skx dI qfkq rwKdf hY aqy Drm ies nMU hYvfnIaq qoN bcx dI loV aqy qrkIb dwsx df somf smiJaf jFdf hY.

          mnuwKI ieiqhfs ivwc keI GtnfvF kuJ myl KfdIaF hoeIaF vI mUl rUp ivwc vwKrI vwKrIaF huMdIaF hn. asIN sfkf nIlf qfrf dI koeI vkflq nhIN krdy pr swc ieh hY ik abdflI df koeI sYnfpqI jF ispfhI iswK nhIN sI aqy nf hI Auh avwigaf ipwCoN kdy sRI hrimMdr sfihb isr Jukf ky iKmf mMgx afieaf sI. nIlf qfrf qoN pihlF aqy ipCoN dIaF GtnfvF vI gihrI pVcol dI mMg krdIaF hn. ajy kuJ hPLqy pihlF hI kuJ iswK kwtVpMQI ajyhy sbUq lY ky sRI akfl qKLq sfihb `qy gey sn ijhnF nfl Auh ieh sfbq krnf cfhuMdy sn ik sfkf nIlf qfrf leI hrI JMzI dyx vfsqy kuJ isK afgU vI ijLMmyvfr sn. ajyhf opihlF vI ikhf jFdf irhf hY aqy ies ivwc scfeI vI ho skdI hY pr soocx vflI gwl ieh vI hY ik ajyhf krn ipwCy AuhnF dI mjbUrI kI sI?

          iswK kwtVpMQI aksr kFgrs nMU iswKF dI iek nMbr dI dusLmx vI dwsdy rhy hn aqy akflIaF dy ivroD ivwc kFgrs dI mdd vI krdy rhy hn. sfbkf pRDfn mMqrI ieMdrf gFDI dy Kfndfn nMU hI isKF df dusLmx dwsdy rhy hn pr AuhI kFgrs pMjfb ivwc coxF vI ijwqdI rhI ijs df mqlb hY ik pMjfb dy lok kuJ vwKrf socdy hn. ajy bIqy hPLqy hI sfbkf kwtVpMQI jfxy jFdy jQydfr rxjIq isMG ny zfktr mnmohx isMG aqy kFgrs pRDfn bIbI sonIaF gFDI dIaF isPLqF dy puwl bMn idwqy hn ijs qoN keI ivdysLI kwtVpMqI vI hYrfn hn.

          iswK kwtVpMQIaF ny 25 sfl iswKF dy kiQq nslGfq dy bhuq ieljLfm lgf ley hn pr ies asr nf qF pMjfb dy lokF, nf iswKF aqy nf hI dunIaF `qy hoieaf jfpdf hY. awj qoN 20 sfl pihlF 4-5 jUn nMU cIn dy qfienfmn cONk ivwc cInI POj dI kfrvfeI ivwc axigxq mujLfhrfkfrI mfry gey sn. dunIaF ivwc hfhkfr mc geI sI aqy hux ies dI 20vIN vryHgMZ mOky dunIaF Br dy mIzIey ny ies dI BrpUr kvryjL kIqI hY. cIn vrgf qfkqvr dysL jo awj amrIkf df sLfh (krjLf dyx vflf) hY nMU, amrIkf dI ivdysL mMqrI bIbI kilMtn ny iPr ies kFz ivwc mfry gey lokF dI jfxkfrI jfrI krn vfsqy afiKaf hY. 20 sfl pihlF cInI tYkF dI kqfr dy sfhmxy KVy iek dubly pqly cInI sLihrI nMU dunIaF dy mIzIey ny vfr vfr ivKfieaf, slfihaf aqy Cfipaf hY. kYnyzf dy muK Dfrf dy mIzIey ny vI ies kFz dI BrpUr kvreyjL kIqI hY pr sfkf nIlf qfrf mwuK Dfrf ivwcoN gfieb hY. jdik qfienfmn cONk vfly kFz ipwCoN cIny lwgBwg KfmosL hn pr iswK kwtVpMQI hr sfl awzI cotI df jLor lgf rhy hn. kuJ qF socxf bxdf hY ik dunIaF tYNkF sfhmxy KVy Es aigafq aqy inhwQy cInI sLihrI nMU ikAuN Xfd krdI hY? 25 sfl ipCoN qF afpf pVcol df vkq jLrUr af jfxf cfhIdf hY. bIqy qoN iswKx, vrqmfn aqy BivK bfry sMjIdf hox dI loV hY. tfeIm-klfk `84 ivwc KV nhIN igaf aqy nf hI smF kdy iksy dI AuzIk ivwc KVdf hY!

-blrfj idEl

 KLbrnfmf #508, jUn 03-2009

 


vIafnf qoN pMjfb qwk huwlVbfjLI df nMgf nfc!

mukMml jFc dI loV

          afstrIaf dI rfjDfnI vIafnf `c siQq gurU rvIdfs sBf gurdvfry qoN pMjfb qwk jo kuJ bIqy idnIN vfpiraf hY Auh huwlVbfjLI dy nMgy nfc qoN isvf hor kuJ vI nhIN sI. iswK mirXfdf dI kiQq AulMGxf dy nfm `qy kuJ isK kwtVpMQIaF jF AuhnF dy 6 ku hiQafrbMd pYrokfrF ny vIafnf dy gurdvfrf sfihb ivwc zyrf bwlF dy do sMqF `qy jo jfnlyvf hmlf kIqf hY Auh byloVf, mUrKqf Biraf aqy awq inMdxXog kfrf hY. ies iGnfAuxy hmly ipwCoN jo kuJ pMjfb ivwc iqMn idn hoieaf hY Aus nMU vI ros afKxf mUrKqf aqy mkfrI hovygI.

          rylF, bwsF, trwkF, kfrF, PYktrIaF, dPLqrF aqy vpfrk adfiraF nMU lwutx, puwtx aqy awg dy hvfly krn vfly toly, roskfrIaF dI pRIBfsLf hyT nhIN mMny jfxy cfhIdy. pMjfb df smfijk qfxfbfxf aqy jn jIvn qihs nihs krn vfly ieh dMgfkfrI, huwlVbfjL, qmfsLbIn aqy smfj ivroDI ibrqI vfly aMnsr sn. iehnF huwlVbfjLF dy nMgy nfc kfrn pMjfb df 7000 kroV rupey df nuksfn hoieaf hY. ieh TIk hY ik vIafnf ivwc hoieaf hiQafrbMd hmlf iek awq duKdfeI aqy inMdxXog kfrvfeI sI ijs nfl pMjfb ivwc zyrf bwlF dy hjLfrF pYrokfrF nMU zfhZI Tys puwjI sI pr pMjfb ivwc mOq df qFzv nfc nwcx vfly nf qF zyrf bwlF dy pYrokfr sn aqy nf hI AuhnF dy ichiraF qoN ros Jlkdf sI. tIvI, nYWt aqy aKbfrF dy pMinaF `qy hiQafrbMd huwlVbfjLF dIaF qsvIrF qoN sLYqfn ichiraF df Jlkfrf pYNdf sI jo mOky df lfB AuTf rhy sn.

          iehnF PsfdIaF nMU plIqf lgfAux dy ipwCy isafsI sfijsL vI ho skdI hY aqy sfjsLI iek qoN vwD iDrF vI ho skdIaF hn jo vIafnf vflI Gtnf dy nfm `qy ihMsk toilaF dy shfry bd-amnI df bhfnf lgf ky pMjfb dI srkfr nMU zygx df ZukvF mOkf smJdIaF hox. dUjy pfsy pMjfb srkfr aqy pRsLfsn vI Gwt ijMLmyvfr nhIN hY ijs ny bd-amnI nMU sKLqI nfl nwpx dI QF hwd drjy dI kmjLorI ivKfeI aqy ihMsk toilaF nMU dihsLq PYlfAux dI 48 GMty pUrI Kuwl dy idwqI sI. sLfied bfdl srkfr nMU sLihrIaF dy jfn-mfl dI rfKI nfloN af rhIaF ijLmnI coxF ivwc votF Kur jfx df bhuuqf zr sI ijs kfrn srkfr ny sKLqI vrqx nfloN awKF mIc lYxf bihqr smiJaf. bfdl pirvfr dIaF bwsF qF surwiKaf vfsqy TfixaF ivwc pfrk kr idwqIaF geIaF pr lokF aqy srkfr dI sMpqI luwt aqy sfVPUk idwqI geI.

          jo kuJ vIanf ivwc vfpiraf Aus dI kuJ lok AuproN AuproN inMdf vI kr rhy hn aqy aisDy qOr `qy smrQn vI kr rhy hn. isrPL eprI inMdf kr dyxI hI kfPLI nhIN hY sgoN ihMsk vrqfry df hr pwDr aqy hr hflq ivwc ivroD krnf jLrUrI hY. dunIaF ihMsk vqIry df sKLq ivroD krdI hY aqy dunIaF dy isK BfeIcfry nMU ihMsk ibrqI dy iKlfPL hor avyslf hoxf bhuq mihMgf pY skdf hY. ijs ZMg nfl gurdvfry ivwc vfpry ies kfry dI pRYs kvryj hoeI hY Aus nfl nuksfn smuwcy BfeIcfry df hoieaf hY, krn vfly BfvyN awDI drjn ivakqI hI ikAuN nf hox. ieh afKxf ik mirXfdf dI AulMGxf hoeI hY ijs kfrn ieh Bfxf vfpiraf hY drasl ies nMU jfiejL TihrfAux vflI gwl hY. jy ieh mMn vI ilaf jfvy ik sbMDq gurdvfry ivwc iksy mirXfdf df AulMGx hoieaf sI qF ieh svfl pYdf huMdf hY ik jo kfrf kiQq AulMGx rokx vfilaF ny kIqf kI Aus nfl iswK mirXdf df koeI AulMGx nhIN hoieaf?

          vIanf puils ny 6 hmlfvrF dI sLnfKq kr leI hY aqy ieh sfry iswK dwsy jf rhy hn. kuJ lok ieh kfrf iksy KuPIaf eyjMsI df grdfn ky surKrU ho jfxf cfhuMdy hn aqy bIqy ivwc vI iehI kuJ kIqf jFdf irhf hY. kuJ vwKvfdI ieh afK idMdy hn ik pMjfb ivwc dihsLqgrdI dOrfn hoey bygunfhF dy kql vI iksy eyjMsI df kMm sI aqy 1985 ivwc eyar ieMzIaf jMbo jYWt vflf bMb Dmfkf vI iksy eyjMsI df hI kMm sI. svfl pYdf huMdf hY ik iPr ieh lok kiQq dosLIaF dy bcfE vfsqy PMz iekwTf krn ikAuN qur pYNdy hn? kI vIanf vfly kiQq kfqlF dy bcfE vfsqy vI PMz iekwTf kIqf jfvygf? ies df pqf jldI hI lwg jfvygf ik sbMDq iDrF kI pYNqVf apxfAuNdIaF hn.

          gwl mirXfdf dI krIey qF iswKF dy vwzy Dfrimk adfry vI vwK vwK mirXfdf dy DfrnI hn. sRI hir mMidr sfihb kMplYks ivwc hI dom vwK vwK mirXfdfvF hn. Auh isK sMq ijhnF df sRI akfl qKq sfihb qoN snmfn kIqf jFdf hY AuhnF dy zyiraF dI mirXfdf vI sRoLmxI kmytI dI mirXfdf nfl myl nhIN KFdI. iewQoN qwk ik pMj qKq vI ieko mirXfdf dy DfrnI nhIN hn. ajyhI hflq ivwc rvIdfsI BfeIcfry dy gurdvfiraF nMU mirXfd dy nfm `qy insLfnf bxfAuxf ikQoN df iensfPL hY?

          kuJ isafsI iDrF `qy hulVbfjLF nMU BVkfAux dy dosL huux AuBr ky sfhmxy af rhy hn aqy pRsLfsn `qy vI iZl vrqx dI kuqfhI dy dosL lwg rhy hn. vIanf ivwc hmlf krn aqy krvfAux vflI iDr df iks nfl sbMD sI ieh vI qPLqIsL dI mMg krdf hY. BivK ivwc ajyhy ihMsk hmly, kuqfhI aqy BVkfht rokx vfsqy ies sfry mfmly dI mukMml jFc krvfey jfx dI sKLq loV hY.

-blrfj idEl

  KLbrnfmf #507, meI 29 -2009

 


BfrqI cox nqIjy: siQrqf vwl BrvF kdm!

          15vIN lok sBf dIaF huxy sMpn hoeIaF coxF ivwc kFgrs pfrtI dI agvfeI vfly gwTbMDn ny zfktr mnmohx isMG dI agvfeI ivwc spsLt bhumwq hfsl kr ilaf hY. kFgrs ny coxF qoN pihlF hI ieh gwl sfPL kr idwqI sI ik ijwq jfx dI sUrq ivwc gwTbMDn vloN zfktr mnmohx isMG nMU hI pRDfn mMqrI bxfieaf jfvygf ijs df kFgrs nMU BrpUr lfB hoieaf hY. zfktr mnmohx isMG iek iemfndfr, imhnqI, kfbl aqy sLrIPL isafsI afgU vjoN jfxy jFdy hn ijs df ivroDI iDr kol koeI qoV nhIN sI. idafnqdfrI kfrn zfktr isMG dy ivroDI vI AuhnF df siqkfr krdy hn ieh vwKrI gwl hY ik Bfjpf afgU sRI azvfnI cox prcfr dOrfn AuhnF `qy kmjLor pRDfn mMqrI hox dI qohmq lgfAuNdy rhy sn jo ik sRI azvfnI, AuhnF dI pfrtI aqy Bfjpf gwTbMDn nMU mihMgI peI hY.

          kFgrsI gwTbMDn vloN spsLt bhumwq hfsl kr lYx ipwCoN bhuq sfrIaF hor CotIaF aqy KyqrI pfrtIaF ny vI zfktr isMG dI agvfeI ivwc bnx vflI srkfr nMU ibnF sLrq afpxf smrQn dyx df aYlfn kr idwqf hY ijs nfl hux 545 mYNbrF dy hfAUs ivwc nvIN srkfr nMU 322 mYNbrF df smrQn pRfpq ho igaf hY.

          awj jd zfktr mnmohn isMG dUjI vfr pRDfn mMqrI dy ahudy dI shuM cuwkxgy qF Auh iek mjLbUq srkfr dI rihnumfeI kr rhy hoxgy. ieh srkfr Aus srkfr nfloN ikqy vwD mjLbUq hovygI ijs dI agvfeI zfktr isMG ny bIqy pMj sfl bhuq kfmXfbI nfl kIqI hY. imlgoBf srkfr dy huMdy hoey vI bIqy pMj sfl dysL ny qrwkI dIaF pulFGF puwtIaF hn.  sMsdI pRnflI ivwc Gwt igxqI jF kulIsLn srkfr clfAuxf koeI afsfn kMm nhIN huMdf pr BfrqI jmhUrIaq kulIsLn srkfrF hyT vI bhuq cMgI kfrgujLfrI ivKfAuNdI rhI hY. BfrqI isafsI afgUaF nMU zwzUaF dI pMsyrI qolx df qrIkf af igaf jfpdf hY. Bfjpf afgU sRI atwl ibhfrI bfjpfeI aqy zfktr mnmohx isMG dovyN kulIsLn srkfrF pUrI trm clf ky ivKf cuwky hn. ies qoN pihlF nrismFH rfE ny vI kFgrsI bhumwq qoN ibnF pUrI trm srkfr clfeI sI.

          ies ivwc koeI sLwk nhIN hY ik ajyhIaF srkfrF `qy sFsdF dI KrIdo-ProKq dy ieljLfm lgdy rhy hn pr dunIaF pwDr `qy ieh vrqfrf kYnyzf smyq bhuq sfry sMsdI pRnflI vfly dysLF ivwc iksy nf iksy rUp ivwc vyKx nMU imldf hY. ies nMU sMsdI pRnflI df burf sfeIz aPLYkt hI afiKaf jf skdf hY. Bfrq vrgy ivsLfl dysL ivwc ijwQy hr Kyqr dy afpxy afpxy aqy tkrfvyN ihwq hn, ivwc kulIsLn srkfr df pMj sfl cwlxf iek ikRsLmf hI ikhf jfxf cfhIdf hY.

          coxF dOrfn ieh pysLngoeI aqy sLMky jLfhr kIqy jf rhy sn ik Bfrq ivwc ltkvIN sMsd hoNd ivwc afvygI pr hoieaf ies dy Elt hY.  nvIN srkfr afriQk aqy surwiKaf dy Kyqr ivwc Bfrq nMU drpysL cxOqIaF df mukfblf hor vI dirVqf qy mjLbUqI nfl kr skygI. BfrqI Aup mhFdIp ivwc ies mOky qkrIbn hr dysL ivwc hI isafsI asiQWrqf df hI bolbflf hY aqy Bfrq ivwc isafsI siQrqf smuwcy BfrqI iKwqy vfsqy sLuB sLgun hY.

          zfktr isMG dI agvfeI vflI nvIN Bfrq srkfr `qy KwibaF df glbf pUrI qrF Kqm ho igaf hY aqy iehnF coxF ivwc KwibaF ny Bfrq qy amrIkf ivckfr hoey pRmfxU smJOqy df ibnF vjfH ivroD kr ky bhuq mfr KfdI hY. KwibaF dy isr `qy amrIkf dy aMnyH ivroD df BUq awj vI Enf hI svfr hY ijMnf sLIq XuwD dI isKr smyN 25-30 sfl pihlF huMdf sI. BfrqI Kwby smyN dI cfl muqibk bdl nhIN sky aqy dUhry mfpdMg apnfAux dy afdI ho gey hn.  pwCmI bMgfl ivwc kfr pRfpYktF vfsqy AupjfE jLmIn Gwt kImq `qy akvfier krn mOky AuhnF nMU mjLdUrF aqy iksfnF dy ihwq Buwl gey sn ijs dIaF Auh inwq tfhrF mfrdy hn. bMgfl dy kfmryz iqRmUl kFgrs dI afgU mmqf bYnrjI dIaF ibnF isr pYr cflF df vI mukfblf nhIN kr sky ijs dI aYjItysLn kfrn kfr pRfjYkt vI KMb lgf ky Auz gey puils dy zMzy dI vrqoN kfrn mjLdUr iksfn vI kfmryzF dy iKlfPL ho gey.

          vfjpfeI srkfr smyN Bfjpf nMU afpxI jVFH PYlfAux vfsqy bhuq awCf mOkf imilaf sI pr Bfjpf iek AudfrvfdI pfrtI vflI qsvIr kfiem krn ivwc burI qrF asPl rhI aqy bfjpfeI dy pfsy htdy sfr hI afpxy purfxy jnm dI jMnsMg vDyry jfpx lwgI ijs kfrn BfrqI votrF ny Bfjpf nMU Tukrf idwqf hY. KyqrI pfrtIaF vI pihlF nfloN kmjLor hoeIaF hn ijs nfl keI CotIaF pfrtIaF dy kFgrs ivwc rlyvyN dy hflfq bx gey hn. kFgrs ies nfl ikvyN nijwTdI hY ies `qy kFgrs df BivK inrBr krygf.

          ijwQy zfktr mnmohn isMG iehnF coxF ivwc lokF dI kfgrs pRqI iKwc df kfrn bxy hn AuWQy kFgrs dy AuBr rhy nOjvfn afgU rfhul gFDI ny vI iehnF coxF ivwc dysL dy kony kony ivwc rfjsI rYlIaF nMU sMboDn kr ky afpxf mjLbUq aDfr kfiem kr ilaf hY. ies ivwc vI koeI sLwk nhIN hY ik nihrU-gFDI pirvfr dysL dI vfg-zor sMBfx vfsqy TukvyN smyN dI AuzIk ivwc hY aqy ajyhf mOkf zfktr mnmohn isMG dI srkfr dI ies trm ivwc iksy mOky vI af skdf hY. ipRaMkf aqy sonIaF gFDI rfhul gFDI nMU ies vfsqy qrfsL rhIaF hn aqy hux kFgrs pfrtI ivwc rfhul  gFDI df coKf nfm bx igaf hY.

          EprI njLr mfiraF ieh bhuqf jfiejL nhIN jfpdf aqy rfjfsLfhI df hI bdilaf hoieaf rUp jfpdf hY pr swc ieh vI hY ik dunIaF Br dy jmhUrI dysLF ivwc rfjsI pirvfrF dI hoNd hY. kYnyzf aqy amrIkf vrgy dysLF ivwc trUzo, kYnyzI aqy busL pirvfr ies lVI dI hI kVI hn. rfhul vloN kFgrs pfrtI ivwc hyTly pwDr qwk kMm krky mUhrly drvfijLEN swqf hfsl krnf jwgoN qyhrvF nhIN hovygf.

          15vIN lok sBf dIaF coxF dy nqIjy isafsI siQrqf vl Bfrq df iek BrvF kdm hn aqy ies nfl Bfrq df aks dunIaF ivwc hor vI AuBr ky sfhmxy afieaf hY.

         

KUMKfr ilwty dihsLqgrd df aMq!

          sRIlMkf df gRih XuwD KUMKfr dihsLqgrd sMgTn ilwty dI hfr nfl smfpq ho igaf hY. ilty iek ajyhf dihsLqgrd sMgTn sI ijs dy hwQ afpxy qfiml lokF dy KUMn nfl vI rMgy hoey sn. BfvyN QF QF mujLfhry kr rhy ilty smrQk qfiml vwKvfdI gurIlf afgU pRBfkrn nMU afpxf ieko iek vfhd afgU dws rhy hn pr qwQ ies dy Elt gvfhI Brdy hn. pRBfkrn ny sRIlMkn qfiml BfeIcfry ivwc afpxf mfsf Br ivroD vI kbUl nhIN kIqf aqy bMdUk dy jLor `qy afpxy qfiml ivroDIaF df vI mlIaf myt krd irhf hY. AudrvfdI qfiml iDr df Kqfm krn dI muihMm pRBfkrn ny jfPLnf sLihr dy qfiml myar df kql krvf ky ivzI sI aqy ieh muihMm Aus ny afKrI sfhF qwk jfrI rwKI sI.

          pRBfkrn vloN 1970 dy krIb sLurU kIqI geI vwKvfdI lihr 1980 dy dhfky dy sLurU ivwc gurIlf XuwD df rUp Dfrn kr geI sI aqy ilwty sMgTn dhfky qoN vwD smF sRI lMkf dy qfiml bhuigxqI Kyqr `qy kbjL irhf sI. pRBfkrn ny ies smyN cMm dIaF clfeIaF aqy mukMml vwK dysL qoN ibnF kuJ vI mnjLUr krn qoN ienkfr kr idwqf sI. kYnyzf smyq vwK vwK dysLF ivwc vwsdf qfiml BfeIcfrf ilwty dihsLqgrdF dI rIV dI sI. ilwty dunIaF df ieko iek dihsLqgrd sMgTn sI ijs kol afpxI POj, qopKfnf, nyvI, eyar Pors aqy isvl srkfr sI. ilwty iek aYsf sMgTn vI sI ijs kol bkfiedf iek sMgTq afmqGfqI dsqf sI ijs df nfm blYk tfeIgrjL sI. ilwty afqmGfqI hmilaF, jLnfnf afqmGfqI dsiqaF aqy bfl-POjIaF vfsqy vI iewk mUhrlI kqfr df dihsLqgrd sMgTn sI qy kYnyzf smyq keI dysLF ivwc ies `qy pfbMdI lwgI hoeI sI. pRBfkrn dI awKVqf sRIlMkn qfimlF dI qbfhI df kfrn bxI aqy 30 ku sfl cwly ies gRih XuwD ivwc 70 hjLfr qoN vwD jfnF geIaF. ies KUMKfr ilwty dihsLqgrd dy aMq nfl sRI lMkf ivwc amn dIaF nvIaF sMBfvnfvF pYdf hoeIaF hn ijhnF dI pUrqI vfsqy aMqr rfsLtrI mdd, sRIlMkn srkfr dI sfriQk phuMc aqy sRIlMkn qfimlF dI sfhsI rihnumfeI `qy inrBr krygf.                 

-blrfj idEl

 KLbrnfmf #506, meI 22 -2009

 


 

sRIlMkn gRih XuwD,

mnuwKI aiDkfrF dy AulMGx leI ijMLmyvfr kOx?

          ilwty dihsLqgrdF iKlfPL sRIlMkf dI POjI kfrvfeI afKrI dOr ivwc dfKl ho cukI hY aqy byrihm dihsLqgrd pRBfkrn dI bfgI POj afpxI afKrI lVfeI agly 24 jF 48 GMitaF ivwc hfr jfx dy iknfry phuMc cuwkI hY. sRIlMkn POj ny ilwty bfgIaF dy afKrI gVH nMU pUrI qrF Gyiraf hoieaf hY aqy srkfr muqfibk bfgI afpxI rfKI vfsqy afm lokF nMU bMdI bxf ky Zfl vFg vrq rhy hn. sRI lMkf dy AuqrI pUrbI qfiml vwsoN vfly Kyqr ivwc kdy vwKrI srkfr kfiem kr cukf ilwty sMgTn hux 4 ku vrg iklomItr ielfky ivwc iGiraf hoieaf hY.

          torFto smyq dunIaF dy vwK vwK ihwisaF ivwc vwsdy sRIlMkn qfiml, ilwty sMgTn nMU iBafnk aqy mukMml hfr qoN bcfAux vfsqy jMgbMdI krvfAux vfsqy ros ivKfvy kr rhy hn pr dunIaF AuhnF dI sunx vfsqy iqafr nhIN hY. ieh ivdysLI qfiml hI sn ijhnF vloN Byjy jFdy zflrF aqy pONzF nfl ilwty dy dihsLqgrd awg Augldy sn. Bfrq, amrIkf, brqfnIaF aqy kYnyzf smyq dunIaF dy keI dysLF ny ilwty nMU dihsLqgrd grdfn ky ies `qy pfbMdI lgfeI hoeI hY.

          hfrpr srkfr ny qfkq ivwc afAuNdy sfr hI 2006 ivwc ilwty `qy pfbMdI lgf idwqI sI aqy hfrpr srkfr ny ajyhf dysL dIaF surwiKaf eyjMsIaF dIaF rportF dy aDfr `qy kIqf sI ijhnF rportF muqfibk sQfnk ilwty smrQk vwK vwK ZMgF nfl pYsf iekwTf krky ilwty nMU Byjdy sn ijs nfl ilwty nMU dihsLqgrd lihr clfAux ivwc mdd imldI sI. knyzIan puils ny ilwty smrQk qfiml sMsQfvF `qy sKLq njLr rwKI hoeI sI ijs nfl kYnyzf qoN mflI mdd ivwc kmI af geI sI. hor pwCmI dysLF ny vI ilwty `qy iZmrI kws idwqI sI ijs nfl ilwty dI ivdysLI krMsI dI pfeIp lfeIn sMugV ky rih geI sI.

          dUjy pfsy sRIlMkn srkfr ny ilwty nfl gwl iksy qx-pwqx nfl lgdI vyK ky pUry imltrI aprysLn dI iqafrI kr rwKI sI jo sfl 2007 dy aMq ivwc sLurU kr idwqf igaf sI. sfl 2008 dy sLurU ivwc ies dy nqIjy sfhmxy afAuxy sLurU ho gey sn. ilwty dy KUMKfr afgU pRBfkrn dy qfnfsLfhI rvweIey qoN qMg afey Aus dy bhuq sfry smrQk aqy kmFzr Aus df sfQ Cwz gey sn ijhnF nMU sRIlMkf dI srkfr ny KwulIaF bfhF nfl svIkfr kr ilaf sI, ijs dy iswty vjoN ilwty sMgTn dI qfkq hor sImq ho ky rih geI sI.

          ies ivc koeI sLwk nhIN hY ik 4 ku vrg mIl lVFeI dy ielfky ivwc ies smyN awg vr rhI hY ijs ivwc sYNkVy afm sLihrI vI mfry gey hn aqy hor mfry jf rhy hn. kI ies vfsqy isrPL sRIlMkf dI srkfr hI ijLMmyvfr hY? aYsf iblkul nhIN hY. ies sfry ivdroh aqy KfnfjMgI df ipCokV aqy kfrn kuJ vI hox pr iek qwQ qoN ienkfr nhIN kIqf jf skdf ik ilwty ny afpxy insLfny dI pRfpqI vfsqy dihsLqgrdI df rsqf Kuwl ky apxfieaf aqy dunIaF dy hor dihsLqgrd sMgTnF vfsqy awqmfrU dihsLqI hmilaF dI ipRq vI pfeI hY.

          bfl bfgI  ispfhIaF df jnmdfqf vI ilwty sMgTn hI hY ijs ny qfiml lokF dy bwcy jLbrdsqIN afpxI bfgI POj ivwc BrqI kIqy hoey sn aqy hux lVfeI dy afKrI dOr ivwc vI 12-12 sfl dy bwicaF nMU AuhnF dI mrjLI dy Ault bdUMkF PVf ky lVfieaf igaf hY. ilwty ny ies kMm vfsqy isrP lVikaF nMU hI nhIN sgoN mfsUm qy kol qfiml lVkIaF nMU vI AuhnF dy mfipaF dI mrjLI dy Ault vriqaf hY.

          bfrUd BrIaF afqmGfqI vYstF aqy bYltF dI Koj ieslfimk kwtVpMQIaF ny nhIN sI kIqI sgoN ies dy jmndfqf vI ilwty dihsLqgrd hn. awj hr nsl aqy iksm dy dihsLqgrd ies afqmGfqI qrIky dI vrqoN bhuq sPLlqf nf kr rhy hn. aOrq afqmGfqIaF dI kfZ vI ilwty dihsLqgrdF ny hI kwZI sI aqy ilwty ny ies qrIky nfl dUjy dysL (Bfrq) dy sfbkf pRDfn mMqrI rfjIv gFDI df vI kql kIqf sI.

          ilwty ny bIqy 25 ku sflF ivwc isrPL sfbkf BfrqI pRDfn mMqrI, keI sRI lMkn afgUaF aqy isnhflI nsl dy sLihrIaF dy hI kql nhIN kIqy sgoN hjLfrF sRIlMkn qfiml sLihrI aqy AudfrvfdI qfiml afgU vI kql kIqy hn. AudfrvfdI qfiml afgUaF dy kql kr ky ilwty iksy vI aMdrUnI ivroD jF vwKrI soc nMU Kqm krnf cfhuMdf sI ijs ivwc ilwty nMU kfmXfbI vI imlI hY. awj ilwty vfsqy dunIaF Br dy kwtVpMQI hI hMJU vhf rhy hn aqy dunIaF ilwty dy Kfqmy dI ieMqjLfr kr rhI hY.

          kYnyzf ivwc ilwty smrQkF vloN vwzy vwzy mujLfhry hoey hn, iek  vfr qF hfeIvya qwk nMU vI roikaf igaf hY. kuJ isafsI afgUaF ny ilwty smrQkF dI dwbvIN hfmI vI BrI hY ikAuNik lokqMqr ivwc isafsI afgUaF nMU votF dI loV huMdI hY. nvyN PYzrl ilbrl afgU sRI iegnftIaPL ny bhuq ijLMmyvfrI qoN kMm ilaf hY aqy bhuq sMkocvyN sLbd vrqy hn. ikAuNik hr suJvfn afgU jfxdf hY ik ijs lhU-lUhfx dI ilwty smrQk gwl kr rhy hn Auh ilwty dIaF nIqIaF df hI iswtf hY. amrIkf dy rfsLtrpqI brfk Ebfmf ny vI sRIlMkf ivwc jMgbMdI dI mMg kIqI hY pr nfl hI ilwty nMU hiQafr suwt dyx vfsqy vI ikhf hY. Bfrq, kYnyzf aqy brqfnIaF vrgy dysL vI ajyhI mMg bhuq vfr kr cuwky hn.

          hr dysL jfxdf hY ik ies afKrI gyV dI lVfeI ivwc jMgbMdI krky sRIlMkf Gor glqI krygf aqy sRIlMkf ajyhf krn vflf nhIN hY. Bfrq ny vI kdy 1948 ivwc ksLmIr ivwc jMgbMdI krnI mn leI sI ijs df KimafjLf awj Bfrq hI nhIN sgoN sfrf iKwqf hI Br irhf hY.

          ieh sqrF ilKy jfx qoN 4 ku GMty pihlF hI KbrF afeIaF hn ik 4 ku vrg mIl dy ilwty dy kbjLy vfly ielfky ivcoN 2 hjLfr qoN vwD lok ilwty df Gyrf qoV ky Bwj afey hn ies nfl bIqy 15-18 idnF  2 lwK lok ilwty dI lpyt ivcoN Bwjx ivwc kfmXfb hoey hn. bhuq sfry lok ilwty aqy POj ivckfr golIbfrI ivwc afpxIaF jfnF gvF cuwky hn aqy afm sLihrIaF dy mnuKI aiDkfrF dI Gor AulMGxf hoeI hY. ilwty dy hiQafr suwtx qoN ibnF iksy vI iksm dI jMgbMdI lokF dy duwK nMU hor lmkfAux vflI gwl hovygI.

          ilwty qoN Bwjx ivwc kfmXfb hoey qfiml lokF ny ieh spsLt dwisaf hY ik ilwty ny AuhnF nMU jLbrdsqIN afpxy nfl rwiKaf hoieaf sI. ijAuN ijAuN ilwty mYdfn hfrdf jf irhf sI iqAuN iqAuN POj dy afAux qoN pihlF, afpxy GrIN vwsdy lokF nMU AuTf ky sLihr aqy ipMz KflI krvf ky AuhnF nMU afpxy nfl jMglF vwl leI jf irhf sI. ilwty qoN Bwj rhy lokF `qy vI ilwty bfgIaF vloN golIaF clfeIaF jf rhIaF hn aqy ieh Bwj ky afey qfiml lokF ny afp dwisaf hY.

          agly kuJ idnF ivwc ilwty smrQk knyzIan qfiml Es smyN itk jfxgy jd ilwty df afKrI gV vI tuwt jfvygf pr ivdysLF dy qfimlF ivwc vwKvfd df pRcfr iPr vI jfrI rhygf. cMgf hovy jy ivdysLI qfiml BfeIcfrf luwt aqy puwt ho cuky sRIlMkn qfimlF dy muV vsyby vfsqy hMBlf mfry aqy afpxI kmfeI dI sfriQk vrqoN kry. brbfd ho cuky lokF dI mdd vfsqy ivsLv BfeIcfry nMU vI Kuwl ky mdd dyxI cfhIdI hY.

-blrfj idEl

KLbrnfmf #505, meI 15 -2009


qfilbfn dihsLqgrdF iKlfPL pfik muihMm qoN afsF

          pfiksqfnI POj ny bIqy hPLqy Auqr pwCmI srhwdI sUby dy kbfielI KyqrF ivwc qfilbfn kwtVpMQIaF iKlfPL POjI muihMm sLurU kIqI hY ijs kfrn 5 lwK dy krIb lok byGr ho gey hn. ies muihMm df mwuK kyNdr bunyr eyjMsI jF bunyr ijLlf hY ijs `qy qfilbfn kwtVpMQIaF ny svfq GftI `qy kfbjL hox ipwCoN kbjLf kr ilaf sI. do ku mhIny pihlF svfq GftI ivwc pfiksqfn ny qfilbfn kwtVpMQIaF nfl iek sLFqI smJOqf kr ky sLrIaf lfgU krnf mMn ilaf sI ijs nfl ies GftI ivwc qfilbfnF df rfj kfiem ho igaf sI.

          jd svfq ivwc qfilbfnF nfl pfik hfkmF dI sItI rlLI sI qd vI dunIaF dy iensfPLpMsd dysLF dI awK PrkI sI. pfiksqfn dy lokF aqy buwdIjIvIaF ny vI ies dI sKLq muKflPq kIqI sI pr pfiksqfnI  srkfr ies gwl `qy aVI rhI sI ik ies nfl amn kfiem ho jfvygf. pfik srkfr df qrk sI ik qfilbfn ies mMg dy pUrI ho jfx nfl itwk jfxgy aqy sLFqI smJOqy muqfibk inr-hiQafr ho ky bYT jfxgy. pfik ny ieh asLvfsn amrIkf smyq dunIaF dy hor dysLF nMU idwqf sI ik ies nfl qfilbfn hor blvfn nhIN ho skxgy sgoN sLFq ho jfxgy. pfik dI kOmI sMsd ny srkfr dy ies muhfiedy muqfibk svfq ivwc sLrIaf kfnMUn lfgU krn df ibwl vI pfs kr idwqf sI aqy bIqy hPLqy sLrIaf adflqF  nMU mfnqf vI dy idwqI sI.

          pr qfilbfn kwtVpMQI ies nfl mMnx vfly nhIN sn aqy Auh smuwcy pfiksqfn `qy kbjLf krn vwl vwD rhy sn aqy dunIaF dy ies KdsLy ivwc vI pUrf dm hY ik pfik POj aqy KuPIaf qMqr df kuJ ihwsf ies kMm ivwc qfilbfn df sfQ dy irhf hY. svfq `qy pkV mjLbUq krdy sfr hI qfilbfn kwtVpMQIaF ny aOrkjLfeI Kyqr dy iProjLKyl ielfky dy vsnIk 35 dy krIb iswK pirvfrF `qy 5 kroV rupey sfl df jjLIaf Tos idwqf sI aqy ieh jjLIaf sLrIaf kfnUMn muqfibk lgfieaf igaf sI. TIk ies iksm df jjLIaf mugl bfdsLfhF ny Bfrq dy gYr muslmfnF `qy lgfieaf sI. iswK pirvfrF nMU muslmfn bnx, jjLIaf adf krn jF ielkf Cwz jfx dy afdysL idwqy gey aqy iswK pirvfr aOrkjLfeI siQq afpxy Gr-vpfr Cwz ky cly gey sn.

          iswKF nfl jo aOrkjLfeI Kyqr ivc vfprI ies vwl dunIaF df bhuqf iDafn nf igaf ikAuNik dunIaF vfsqy ieh iek Coty pwDr dI Gtnf sI. ijs Gtnf ny dunIaF nMU hlUx ky rwK idwqf Auh sI qfilbfn vloN svfq qoN hyT bunyr eyjMsI Auqy kfbjL ho jfx dI Gtnf. bunyr pfiksqfn dI rfjDfnI ieslfmfbfd qoN isrPL 110 iklo mItr dUr hY aqy jy qfilbfn iewQy jMm jFdy hn qF AuhnF vfsqy idwlI (ieslfmfbfd) dUr nhIN sI. dunIaF ies nfl cONk geI, pfiksqfn dy buwDIjIvI vrg vloN ies df ivroD hoieaf aqy rfjsI afgUaF nMU afpxf qKq Kusdf jfipaf. amrIkf ny pfik nMU altImytm dy idwqf qF pfik hfkmF pfs hrkq ivwc afAux qoN ibnF hor koeI cfrf nf irhf.

          pfik POj ny bunyr `qy Dfvf boilaf hY aqy BfrI hvfeI bMbbfrI dIaF vI rportF afeIaF hn. svfq dy pRmuwK sLihr imMgorf ivwc ies smyN lVfeI cwl rhI hY aqy pfik POj ies sLihr nMU ajy qfilbfnF qoN mukq nhIN krvf skI. sLihr ivwc pMj lwK dy krIb lok dwsy jf rhy hn jo ibjlI aqy pfxI qoN ibnF hn. aqy hor pMj lwK lok svfq GftI Cwz ky Bwj gey hn ijhnF ivcoN do lwK dy krIb lok rPUjI kYNpF ivwc hn. afm lokF aqy pfik srkfr vfsqy ieh hflfq suKfvyN nhIN hn.

          amrIkf ny pfiksqfn dI vwzI mflI mdd df aYlfn kIqf hY aqy bIqy ivwc vI mflI mdd nfl pfik nMU dIvflIaf hox qoN bcfieaf hY. pfik hfkm mflI mdd df dur-pRXog krn ivwc mfrkf mfrdy rhy hn aqy ies vfr Auh ajyhf nhIN krngy ies dI koeI grMtI nhIN hY. amrIkf ny mflI mdd nfl qfilbfnF `qy kfbU krn dI sLrq lgf idwqI hY ijs nfl amrIkf lgfqfr pfik `qy dbfE rwK skdf hY.

          pfiksqfn  dy rfsLtrpqI afisPL alI jLrdfrI aqy aPLgfn rfsLtrpqI krjLeI dovyN amrIkf afey hn aqy AuhnF rfsLtrpqI Ebfmf smyq amrIkf dy aflHf ahudydfrF nfl ivcfr vtFdry kIqy hn. ies ivwc koeI sLwk nhIN hY ik aPgfn rfsLtrpqI krjLeI ny aPLgfinsqfn ivwc  qfilbfnF dI hfr dI cfbI pfiksqfn nMU hI dwisaf hovygf. aPLgfn sLFqI df rsqf ieslfmfbfd dy ivwc dI lMGdf hY ies dI smJ hux amrIkI afgUaF nMU af geI hY aqy AuhnF nMU pfik pRmfxU hiQafrF df vI zfhZf iuPkr hY. jLrdfrI ny sKLq kfrvfeI krn df iPr vfadf kIqf hY.

          AuDr pfik pRDfn mMqrI sRI iglfnI ny ikhf hY ik Aus ny POj nMU ieh hukm dy idwqf hY ik qfilbfn dihsLqgrdF df Kfqmf kr ky hI dm ilaf jfvy. bI[bI[sI[ muqfibk iglfnI ny ieh aYlfn dysL dy nfm tIvI qoN idwqI gey sMdysL ivwc kIqf hY. iglfnI ny ikhf hY ik hflfq ajyhy bx gey sn ik pfik srkfr kol qfilbfnF iKlfPL sKLq kfrvfeI qoN ibnF hor koeI cfrf nhIN sI irhf.

          Ebfmf dy Kfs eylcI hflbruk ny ikhf hY ik aPgfinsqfn aqy pfiksqfn ivckfr qfilbfn iKlfPL imlvrqx ivwc qyjLI afeI hY. Aus ny ieh vI ikhf hY ik jld hI iek hor aPLgfn-pfik-amrIkI  isKr vfrqf iPr kIqI jfvygI. amrIkf pfik `qy dbfE brkrfr rwKx dy mUz ivwc hY. inrsMdyh aPLgfinsqfn, amrIkf aqy dunIaF nMU pfik POj dI qfilbfn iKlfPL ivwzI muihMm qoN sfrQk afsF hn.

-blrfj idEl

 KLbrnfmf #504, meI 09-2009

 


drpysL cxOqIaF aqy BivK sbMDI gMBIr hox dI loV!

          smuwcf sMsfr awj bhuq gMBIr dOr ivcoN gujLr irhf hY. mnuwK df ieiqhfs rihm, ipafr, Brwpx aqy mdd dy nfl jLulm, ijLafdqfeIaF aqy byiensfPIaF nfl Biraf ipaf hY. ieiqhfs ivwc hr kOm, hr iPrky aqy hr dysL dy lokF nfl iksy nf iksy mOky iksy nf iksy vloN jLulm jF byiensfPIaF hoeIaF hn aqy hr iksy ny mOkf imlx `qy jF hflfq bnx `qy iksy dUjy nfl vI ajyhf cMgf jF mfVf kIqf hoieaf hY. ies cMgy jF mfVy dI imkdfr, izgrI jF dr vwD Gwt ho skdI hY pr ieh nhIN ho skdf ik koeI iek vrg dy lok jF iek iPrky, Drm jF dysL dy lok hmysLF sMq ibrqI dy DrmI aqy duwD Doqy hI rhy hox.

          ajoky smyN dy mnuwK ny afpxy ipqrF dI Gflxf aqy pusLq dr pusLq lMby qjLrby dy afDfr `qy iek ajyhf rfj pRbMD hoNd ivwc ilaFdf hY jo lwK kmjLorIaF dy bfvjUd awj qwk dy swB rfj pRbMDF nfloN ibhqr hY aqy ies ivwc vDIkIaF dUr krn vfsqy ivvsQf mjUd hY ijs nfl dyr svyr Gwto Gwt iensfPL dI afs mjUd rihMdI hY. lok rfj dy nfm nfl jfxy jFdy ies rfj pRbMD nMU awj dunIaF dy bhuqy iensfPL psMd dysL apxf cuwky hn aqy hor afey idn ies dy DfrnI bx rhy hn. jo dysL ajy ies lokrfjI pRbMD qoN bfhr hn AuhnF `qy vI ies nMU apnfAux vfsqy aMdrUnI aqy bfhrI dbfE hY. 20 ku sfl pihlF ieh socxf vI sMBv nhIN sI ik sovIaq rUs vrgf sLkqIsLflI dysL afpxy kimAUinst blfk smyq Kur jfvygf aqy rUs smyq vfrsf pYkt dy sfry mYNbr dysL iek idn lokrfjI ivvsQf nMU apxf lYxgy. pr awj Auh sfry dysL lokrfjI dysLF dy kqfr ivwc KVy hn.

          sfAUQ aPrIkf dy bhuq sfry grIb dysL aqy ieslfimk dysL ajy vI lokrfjI injLfm qoN dUr hn. bhuuq nyVy af cuwkI dunIaF awj lokrfjI aqy gYr lokrfjI dysLF dy guwtF ivwc njLr afAux lwg peI hY. kwl qwk grIb dysLF dI kqfr ivwc igixaF jFdf Bfrq awj qrwkI dIaF mMjLlF qyjLI nfl qYa krdf njLr af irhf hY aqy lokrfjI rfj pRbMD nfl mukMml bcnbwDqf kfrn dunIaF df siqkfr hfsl krdf hoieaf mUhrlI kqfr df dysL bx igaf hY. Bfrq vfsqy ieh rsqf cxOqIaF BrpUr irhf hY pr Bfrq ies ivc kfmXfbI hfsl krdf hoieaf awgy vD irhf hY. Bfrq df sfeIjL ies dI BrvIN vsoN dy vwK vwK Drm, iPrky, jfqF aqy BfsLfvF hox kfrn dysL nMU bhuq dusLvfrIaF pysL afeIaF hn aqy af rhIaF hn pr smwisafvF dy hwl vfsqy apxfieaf lokrfjI qrIkf ies dI kfmXfbI df rfjL vI hY aqy keI vfr smwisafvF dy hwl ivwc dyrI df kfrn vI bxdf irhf hY. lokrfjI dunIaF vfsqy Bfrq cfnx munfrf bx igaf hY aqy dunIaF BfrqI lokrfj dI kfmXfbI dI Audfhrx idMdI hY. dunIaF smJdI hY ik jy lokqMqr Bfrq vrgy grIb aqy vwzI anpVH abfdI vfly dysL ivwc kfmXfb ho skdf hY qF ieh dunIaF dy hr dysL ivwc kfmXfb ho skdf hY. loV bcnbwDqf dI hY.

          Bfrq iKlfPL BMzI pRcfr krn vfly Bfrq dy hflqF nMU kYnyzf nfl jF hor ajyhy dysLf nfl mfpx gwl pYNdy hn ijhnF dI abfdI Bfrq dy do vwzy sLihrF dI abfdI dy brfbr huMdI hY aqy kudrqI somy, qknIk, sfKrqf aqy ieMzstrI dy mfmly ivwc Auh Bfrq qoN bhuq awgy huMdy hn. Bfrq dI kfmXfbI aqy qrwkI nMU mfpx vfsqy Bfrq dy abfdI ivwc hm-sLkl hm-Aumr aqy rldy imldy hflfqF vfly dysLF vwl vyKxf pvygf. BfrqI AupmhFdIp ivwc Bfrq dy gvFz ivwc aPLgfinsqfn, pfiksqfn, eIrfn, nypfl, bMglf dysL, sRI lMkf, brmf, mlysLIaf, ieMzonysLIaf vrgy dysL hn jo Bfrq dy hm-Aumr aqy hm-hflfq huMdy hoey vI Bfrq qoN bhuq ipwCy hn. pfiksqfn qF muslmfnF df pfik-pivqr Kfils musilmsqfn hY ijs ny muslmfnF nMU ajLfdI bKKsLxI sI pr awj 62 sfl bIq jfx `qy vI pfiksqfn afpxy sLihrIaF nMU vot dy rfj dI grMtI nhIN dy sikaf. pqf nhINlgdf ik kd votF pYxIaF, srkfrF bnxIaF hn aqy kd POj ny srkfrF qoV ky mfrsLl-lfa lgf dyxf hY.

          hux qF pfiksqfn dy hflfq ies qoN bdqr ho gey aqy amrIkf vrgy dosq dysL pfiksqn nMU sMsfr dy amn leI Kqrf dwsx lwg pey hn. cIn Bfrq df hm-Aumr dysL hY aqy iek ajyhf dysL hY ijs ny afriQk Kyqr ivwc Bfrq qoN vwD qrwkI kIqI hY. pr ieh qrwkI dysL dy bMd aqy bwJvyN rfjsI pRbMD ivwc hoeI ijwQy lokF nMU koeI ajfLdI nhIN hY. nf cIn ivwc hVqflF ho skdIaF hn aqy nf bMd ho skdy hn. afpxf AujfVy iKlfPL nf lok srkfrI pRfjYktF nMU rokx vfsqy ros kr skdy hn aqy adflqF df drvfjLF hI KVkf skdy hn. jo srkfr ny krnf cfhy Auh pwQr `qy lkIr hY pr Bfrq ivwc tYno kfr vrgy pRfjYkt awD bx ky lokF nMU Auksf ky Zfhy jf skdy hn ijs df afriQk qrwkI `qy asr pYNdf hY pr lok afpxI ajLfdI df luiqPL jLrUr lYNdy hn aqy ies dy mfVy asrF vfsqy Kud ijLMmyvfr hn.

          kuJ igxqI dy lok iswKF nMU `84 dy cwkr ivwc kYd rwKxf cfhuMdy hn aqy afey idn Bfrq iKlfPL Auksfht pYdf krn df bhfnf qlfsLdy rihMdy hn. Bfrq ivwc AuhnF nMU mnuwKI hwkF df Gfx ho irhf njLr afAuNdf hY pr pfiksqfn ivwc kwtVpMQI skUl Zfh dyx, iswKF dy Gr Zfh dyx jF jjLIaf Tos dyx pfiksqfn iPr vI iswKF df dosq dysL dwsdy hn. ieh BFrq hI hY ijs dIaF POjF df muKI kdy iswK, kdy eIsfeI aqy kdy pfrsI bx skdf hY. ieh Bfrq hI hY ijs df pRDfn mMqrI Gwt igxqI BfeIcfry nfl sbMDq zfktr mnmohn isMG vrgf bx skdf hY. ieh Bfrq hI hY ijs df rfsLtrpqI muslmfn, dilq, iswK jF aOrq bx skdI hY. dysL dI 85% abfdI ijs `qy Bfrq ivroDI ihMdU bhuigxqI hox Twpf lgfAuNdy hn awgy 36 iksm dy iPrikaF, BfsLfvF aqy ivsLvfsF ivwc vMzI hoeI hY. jy Dfrimk pwKoN vyKIey qF Bfrq iksy Drimk bhu-igxqI df dysL nhIN hY.  jy Bfrq Gwt igxqIaF leI eynf hI mfVf hoey qF aPgfn aqy bMglfdysLI muslmfn Bfrq nMU Bwj ky nf afAux.

          zfktr mnmohn isMG dy Bfrq df pRDfn mMqrI bnx nfl sMsfr ivwc jo iswKF dI sfK bxI hY Auh hor iksy kfrnfmy nfl nhIN sI bx skdI. Bfrq iKlfPL ibnF isr pYr BMzI pRcfr krn nfloN sMsfr, Bfrq aqy iswKF nMU drpysL cxOqIaF qy BivK pRqI gMBIr hox dI loV hY. Dfrimk kwtVvfd aqy dihsLqvfd df gUVHf sbMD hY aqy ieh dunIaF leI pRmuwK Kqrf bx igaf hY. sMsfr BfeIcfry ivwc siqkfr hfsl krn vfsqy gurbgfxI dy swBy sFJIvfl dy isDFq `qy pihrf dyx aqy nPrqF df iqafg krn dI loV hY.

-blrfj idEl

 KLbrnfmf #503, meI 02-2009

 


knyzIan qfiml aftvf qoN KflI hwQ ikAuN prqy?

          sRI lMkf ivwc qfiml bfgIaF vloN 25 ku sfl qoN clfeI jf rhI ihMsk vwKvfdI lihr PYslfkun hfr dy iknfry jf phuMcI hY. sMXukq rfsLtr dI surwiKaf kONsl ny qfiml bfgIaF nMU hiQafr suwtx leI afK idwqf hY aqy ajyhf pihlF Bfrq, brqfnIaF aqy hor dysL afK cuky hn.  sfl 2008 dOrfn sRIlMkn KfnfjMgI ivwc srkfr df hwQ AuWqy hoxf sLurU ho igaf sI aqy ies sfl dy sLurU ivwc hI bfgIaF nMU vwzI pwDr `qy hfr hoxI sLurU ho geI sI. bfgIaF ny afpxI hfr nMU vyKidaF afpxy ivdysLI XUintF nMU sRIlMkn srkfr `qy  XuwDbMdI vfsqy dbfE vDfAux vfsqy vwzI pwDr `qy ros mujLfhry krn vfsqy afiKaf sI ijs dy iswty vjoN Bfrq, jrmnI, PrFs aqy brqfnIaF vrgy dysL ijhnF ivwc qfiml vwsoN hY, ros mujLfhiraF dI lVI cwl peI sI.

          torFto ivwc bIqy do ku mhIinaF ivwc do vfr qfiml BfeIcfry ny vwzy ros pRdrsLn kIqy sn ijhnF ivwc 30 qoN 40 hjLfr lokF ny Bfg ilaf sI. aqy ies dy nfl hI Coty pRdrsLn vI jfrI rhy sn. knyzIan qfimlF vloN bIqy do hPLqy lgfqfr aftvf ivwc ros Drnf dyx df islislf jfrI sI. ilbrysLn tfeIgrjL afPL qfiml eIlm (ilwty) kynYzf smyq dunIaF dy do drjun qoN vwD aihm dysLF ivwc iek pfbMdIsLudf dihsLqgrd sMgTfn hY ijs dI bhuqy knyzIan qfiml hmfieq krdy hn. kYnyzf dy qfiml kYnyzf srkfr qoN mMg kr rhy sn ik Auh sRI lMkf ivwc srkfr aqy ilty ivckfr XuwDbMdI krvfAux. pr kYnyzf srkfr ny AunHF dI iksy vI mMg nUM nhIN mMinaf aqy ieQo qwk ik koeI vI srkfrI aiDkfrI, afgU  jF aYm pI Drny dOrfn AunHF dI gwl suxn nhIN afieaf. ies mMglvfr nUM qkrIbn 30 qoN 33 hjLfr qfimlF ny pfrlImYNt ihwl `qy ros mujLhfrf kIqf pr ies nfl vI Auh iksy dI hmdrdI ijwqx ivwc kfmXfb nhIN hoey. mMglvfr dy vwzy mujLfhry dOrfn qfimlF ny dihsLqgrd sMgTn ilwty dy JMzy vI htf idwqy sn jo Auh do ku mhIny qoN ros mujLfhiraF dOrfn cuwkI iPrdy sn. afKrI mOky ieMJ krn nfl vI Auh iksy dI hmdrdI ijwqx ivwc nfkfmXfb rhy aqy KflI hwQ afpxy GrF nMU prq afey. ajyhf hI kuJ ilty smrQk qfimlF nfl hor dysLF dy ivwc vI vfpiraf hY.

          knyzIan qfimlF smyq ivdysLIN vwsdy qfiml ny ilwty dihsLqgrdF nMU vwzI mdd idMdy af rhy sn aqy ies nMU isvlIan jF smfjsyvI mdd df nfm dy rhy sn pr smF pf ky dunIaF ies cfl nMU smJ geI ijs dy iswty vjoN ivsLv Br ivwc ilwty smrQk qfiml BfeIcfrf afpxf ivsLvfs Koh bYTf. dunIaF ny ilty aqy ies dy smrQkF nMU korf juvfb dy ky ieh sfbq kr idwqf hY ik dihsLqvfd aqy dihsLqvfd df smrQn iksy bhfny vI kbUl nhIN hY.   

-blrfj idEl

KLbrnfmf #502, aprYl 25-2009

 


Bfrq pRqI nPLrq PYlfAux vfly pfik bfry cuwp ikAuN?

          pfiksqfn ivwc qfilbfnF kwtVpMQIaF vwloN pfiksqfnI iswK qoN jjLIaf vsUl kfrn iswK aqy ihMdU BfeIcfry ivwc dihsLq df mHOl pYdf ho igaf hY. pfiksqfn leI kYNsr bxdI jf rhI qfilbfn qnjLIm AuuQoN dy Gwt igxqI iswKF aqy ihMdUaF leI vI pRysLfnI df kfrn bxdf jf rhI hY. pfiksqfnI iswKF dy kuJ GrF Auqy pihlF jLbrdqIN kbjLf aqy iek iswK afgU dy agLvf hox ipCoN dihsLq ivc afey aOrfkjLeI kbfielI ielfky ivc rih rhy iswKF qoN qfilbfn ny do kroV rupy bqOr jjLIaf (kr) vsUl kIqy hn. qfilbfn ny iswKF koloN jjLIaf vjoN pMj kroV rupey mMgy sn pr bfad ivc ieh sOdf do kroV rupey `c qYa hoieaf. jjLIaf iek aijhf tYks hY jo ieslfmI sLfsn hyT rihx vfly gLYr muslmfnF nUM dyxf pYNdf hY. pysLfvr nyVy siQq kbfielI ielfky dy aiDkfrIaF dy hvfly nfl 'zylI tfeImjL' aKLbfr ny ikhf hY ik rkm imlx ipCoN qfilbfn ny iswKF dy GrF nUM KLflI kr idqf aqy iswK afgU sYvMg isMG nUM vI irhfa kr idqf.   sQfnk aiDkfrIaF ny ikhf hY ik ijhVy iswK ies Gtnf ipCoN Gr Cwz ky cly gey sn, Auh hux vfps Gr prq skxgy aqy apxf vpfr sLurU kr skxgy. ijLkrXog hY ik qfilbfn ny mMglvfr nUM kfismKyl ipMz ivc iswKF dy Gto-Gwt 10 GrF Auqy kbjLf kr ilaf sI. ies ipMz ivc lgBg 35 iswK prvfr keI sflF qoN rih rhy hn. qilbfn aiqvfdIaF ny iswKF nUM ieslfmI kfnUMn muqfbk jjLIaf dyx leI ikhf sI. jjLIaf dI ies qfilbfnI mMg df hwl kl sQfnk kbfielI srdfrF dI mdd nfl mIitMg dOrfn kiZaf igaf ijs aDIn iswK pirvfrF nMU 5 kroV dI QF do kroV jjLIaf dyx vfsqy afiKaf igaf.

          pfiksqfn dy AuWqr pwCmI srwhdI sUby ivwc pfik srkfr ny sQfnk qfilbfn kwtVpMQIaF nfl iek smJOqy hyT sLrIaf kfnMUn lfgU krn df hwk qfilbfnF nMU dy idwqf hY. gYr muslmfnF nMU jjLIaf dI ieh Gtnf ies sLrIaf df hI ihwsf hY jo hux jld hI pfiksqfn dy hr Kyqr ivwc vD rhy qfilbfnI pRBfv kfrn sfry Gwt igxqI iPrikaF nMU adf krnf pvygf. pfik srkfr ny qfilbfnF nfl hoey ies smJOqy nMU sLFqI sQfipq krn df mOkf krfr idwqf sI aqy dunIaF vloN pRgtfey KdisLaF nMU muwZoN rwd kr idwqf sI.

          pfik qfilbfnF ny ieh gwl spsLt kr idwqI hY ik Auh jld hI ieslfmfbfd `qy kfbjL hox dI TfxI bYTy hn aqy hux ajyhf jfpx lwg ipaf hY ik pfik injfm dy aMdr ajyhy lok bYTy hn jo qfilbfnF nUM swqf `qy kfbjL krvf skdy hn. jy ajyhf huMdf hY qF dunIaF dI slfmqI nMu BfrI Kqrf KV jfvygf aqy Bfrq dI surwiKaf vfsqy gMBIr sMkt pYdf ho jfvygf. qfilbfn afgU bfieqAulf vfisLMgtn `qy hmly vI dI sLryafm DmkI dy cuwkf hY. qfilbfn kbjLy hyT afieaf aYtmI bMbF aqy dUr mfr krn vflIaF mjLeIlF nfl lYs pfiksqfn, kfbU krnf dunIaF nMU bhuq mihMgf pvygf.

          pfiksqfn ivwc iksy Gwt igxqI iPrky nfl ajyhI ijLafdqI pihlI Gtnf nhIN hY. isMD ivwc isMDI ihMdU bhuq vfr ijLafdqIaF df isLkfr ho cuwky hn. AuhnF dIaF nOjvfn DIaF jbrIN cuk lY jfx aqy muslmfn bxfAux dIaF bhuq GtnfvF vfpr cuwkIaF hn. kuJ hPLqy pihlF pfik ihMdUaF df iek qIrQ XfqrI jQf jo Bfrq afieaf sI, AuhnF vI iswKF aqy ihMdUaF nMU kwtVpMqIaF vloN pRysLfn krn dIaF GtnfvF ivwc hoey vfDy bfry dwisaf sI. qfjLf Gtnf ivwc vI 50 qoN vwD iswK pirvrF ny gurdvfiraF ivwc sLrn lY leI dwsI geI hY.

          aPLgfinsqfn ivwc qfilbfn hkUmq smyN ihMdUaF aqy muslmfnF nMU afpxIaF bfhF `qy Kfs rMg dIaF pwtIaF bMnx aqy GrF dy mUhry vI ajyhf rMg bMnx dy afdys Lidwqy gey sn qFik kwtVpMQIaF nMU pqf lwg jfvy ik kfPLr kOx hY? bfmIafn sUby `c buwD dy sdIaF purfxy kImqI buwq bfrUd nfl Auzf idwqy jfx dI Gtnf iksy nMU BuwlI hoeI nhIN hY. pfiksqfn ivwc qF suMnI muslmfnF vloN aksr sLIaf msijdF aqy GrF `qy hmilaF dIaF vfrdfqF huMdIaF rihMdIaF hn. kdIafn muslmfnF dy qF kbrsqfn vI vwKry hn aqy eIsfeI Gwt igxqI vI kwtVpMQIaF nMU suKfAuNdI nhIN hY.  Bfrq pRqI pYr pYr `qy nPLrq PYlfAux vfly vwKvfdI hux pfiksqfn ivwc iswKF qoN jjLIaf vsUlx dI sMgIn Gtnf `qy KfmosL bYTy hn. ieh muwTI Br lok Bfrq nMU iswKF df dusLmx aqy pfiksqfn nMU iswKF df dosq dysL afKx df idn rfq pRcfr krdy hn. iswKF qoN jjLIaf vsUx dy mfmly ivwc iensfPL ieh lok kd idvfAuxgy?

-blrfj idEl

 KLbrnfmf #501, aprYl 18-2009

 


`84 dy duKFq `qy rfjsI rotIaF sykxf axAuicwq

          jmhUrIaq, ajoky Xuwg df swB qoN Auqm rfj pRbMD mMinaF jFdf hY. pRisD khfvq ik qfkq kurwpt krdI hY aqy mukMml jF pUrI qfkq, pUrI qrF kurwpt krdI hY. ies bImfrI df ieko iek qoV jmhUrIaq hY ijs ivwc pUrI qfkq dI kuMjI lokF dI vot sLkqI huMdI hY.   jmhUrIaq dy mukfbly rfjfsLfhI, qfnfsLfhI, iek pfrtI isstm aqy imltrI rfj ivwc pUrI qfkq iksy iek ivakqI jF iewk toly dy hwQ af jFdI hY aqy lMby smyN qwk hwQ rihMdI hY. jmhUrIaq koeI sMpUrn pRbMD nhIN hY aqy nf hI koeI aYsf rfj pRbMD ho skdf hY ijs nMU sMpUrn afiKaf jf skdf hovy.

          jmhUrIaq ivwc hr vrg, hr iPrkf aqy hr ivcfrDfrf afpxy afpxy ihwqF dI pUrqI vfsqy hwQ-pYr mfrn df aiDkfr rwKdf hY aqy ajyhf inrDfrq aiDkfr Kyqr ivwc rih ky kIqf jFdf hY. jmhUrIaq ivwc coxF df smF bhfr dI rwuq huMdf hY jd hr iksy dI suxI jFdI hY aqy ies mOky ihwqF dy tkrfE vflIaF iDrF vI afpxy sOVy ihwqF dI pUrqI vfsqy kjoV bxf ky lokF dy awKIN Gwt pfAux vfsqy KUMbF vFg inkldIaF hn.

          Bfrq ivwc isafsI bhfr rwuq df afgfjL ho cuwkf hY aqy inwq nvyN ikrdfr aqy isafsI zrfmy vyKx nMU iml rhy hn. jgdIsL tfeItlr nMU kFgrs dI itkt, srnf-klkwqf joVI df kFgrs dy hwk ivwc inqrnf, tfeItlr nMU sI[bI[afeI[ vloN klIn icwt ivvfd, gRih mMqrI icMdmbrMm `qy juwqI suwtx dI Gtnf, pwqrkfr jrnYl isMG nMU lwKF dy ienfm aqy nOkrIaF dI pysLksL afid coxF dI ruwq ivwc hox vfly ies isafsI zrfmy df ihwsf hI hn.

          ieh koeI hYrfnI dI gwl nhIN hY ik pMjfb ivwc bIqy hPLqy qwk cwl irhf zrfmf hfl dI GVI ivcy Cwz ky bhuq sfry isafsI aYktr jgdIsL tfeItlr mwudy aqy pwqrkfr jrnYl isMG vloN suwtI juwqI dy shfry 84 dy duKFq nMU bhfnf bxf ky isafsI rotIaF sykx vfsqy nvF zrfmf sLurU kr cuwky hn. 84 dy duKFq dy pIVqF nMU iensfPL dvfAux df cyqf iehnF iDrF nMU hux isafsI bsMq ruwq kfrn hI afieaf hY aqy ies ruwq dy lMG jfx ipwCoN iPr Esy qrF Buwl jfvygf ijs qrF bIqy 24-25 sfl Buwilaf irhf hY.

          kwl qwk iswK kwtVpMQI zyrf ivvfd nMU muwdf bxf ky afpxy vwKvfdI afsLy nMU hulfrf dy rhy sn aqy dUjy pfsy kFgrsI qy akflI zyrf ivvfd nMU afpxy ihwq ivwc vrqx leI sLih lgfeI bYTy sn. akflI srkfr kdy iswK kwtVpMQIaF nMU nrm krn vfsqy dfdUvfl vrigaF nMU ihrfsq ivwc lY lYNdI sI aqy kdy Cwz idMdI sI. kFgrs, zyrf pRymIaF nfl aMdrKfqy votF vfsqy sFZgFz kr rhI sI pr tfeItlr nMU klIn icwt aqy juwqI suwtx dI Gtnf nfl acfnk nvF aqy BKvF muwdf sfhmxy af igaf hY ijs nMU hor BKfieaf igaf hY. pMjfb ivwc akflI qkrIbn muwdf rihq sn aqy AuhnF nMU iek qIr nfl do isLkfr krn df mOkf iml igaf hY. muwK isafsI ivroDI prftI kFgrs aqy iswK kwtVpMQIaF nMU ieko vkq PuMzx dy mOky df akflI dl aqy akflI Bfjpf gwTjoV srkfr ny rlL ky lfB AuTfieaf hY. ibafnbfjLI aqy pMjfb bMD ivwc Bfjpf dy keI afgU vI akflI afgUaF dy nfl vyKy gey hn.

          acfnk lwBy nvyN muwdy df lfB AuTfx vfsqy sLRomxI gurdudafrf pRbMDk kmytI dy pRDfn avqfr isMG mwkV ny ikhf hY ik kmytI vwloN vkIlF df iek pYnl bxfieaf jf irhf hY jo 1984 dy iswK ivroDI dMigaF dy msly nUM sMXukq rfsLtr aqy ivsLv pwDr `qy kMm kr rhy mnuwKI aiDkfr sMgTnF kol AuTfeygf. kdy s: bfdl ny vI imsrnjIq isMG mfn nfl rlL ky sMXukq rfsLtr qwk phuMc krn dI gwl afKI sI jo bhuq purfxI ho geI hY. jQydfr mwkV ny Bfrq dy gRih mMqrI pI[ icdMbrm `qy juwqf mfrn vfly pwqrkfr nUM sLRomxI gurduafrf pRbMDk kmytI vwloN mIzIaf azvfeIjLr lfey jfx df aYlfn vI kIqf hY. hor qF hor kwl qwk iewk dUjy dy ivroD ivwc vyKy gey sLRomxI gurduafrf pRbMDk kmytI dy pRDfn avqfr isMG mwkV aqy dmdmI tksfl dy kwtVpMQI muKI hrnfm isMG DuMmf iblkul iek dUjy dy nfl bYTy vyKy gey hn.  pr jd hrnfm isMG DuMmf ny tfeItlr dy muwdy dy nfl hI sumyD sYxI df muwdf CyV ilaf qF jQydfr muwkV df sMquln kuJ ivgV igaf. jdoN pwqrkfrF vwloN sumyD sYxI dy msly `qy sRI mwkV dy ivcfr puwCy qF mwkV ny eynf hI ikhf ik Auh ies msly bfry kuJ nhIN jfxdy aqy ieh pMjfb srkfr dy vws hY qy Auh ies sbMDI kuJ nhIN bolxgy. mwkV bolx vI ikMJ? jy boldy qF bfdlF ny ksUqy Ps jfxf sI aqy AuhnF mwkV nMU iJVk dyxf sI.

          lgdy hwQ hI DMumf ny aYlfn kr idwqf hY ik jdoN qwk jgdIsL tfeItlr qy swjx kumfr nUM sjLf nhIN imldI aqy dMigaF dy pIVq pirvfrF nUM iensfP nhIN imldf AudoN qwk sMq smfj sMGrsL jfrI rwKygf. hux DuMmf zyrf ivvfd vfly pfsy kiQq sMgrsL jfrI rwKygf jF tfeItlr vfly pfsy ieh qF smF hI dwsygf. AuNJ ieh svfl krnf vI bxdf hY ik sMq smfj kI sLYa hY? jo rfjsI sMgrsLF df aYlfn kr irhf hY.

          DMumf dy ryl rokU dy nfl hI iswK stUzYNts PYzrysLn dy iek DVy vwloN vI pMjfb Br ivwc cwkf jfm df swdf idwqf igaf sI ijs kfrn pMjfb Br ivwc ryl aqy sVkI afvfjfeI ivwc BfrI ivGn ipaf hY.  ies nfl afm lokF nMU BfrI musLkl pysL afeI pr rfjsI rotIaF sykx vfilaF df lokF dIaF musLklF nfl kI srokfr ho skdf hY? ies mfmly ivwc pMjfb srkfr vI ivGnkfrIaF dy nfl pUrI qrF iGE-iKcVI sI.

          jQydfr mwkV ijs kursI `qy ibrfjmfn hn ies kursI dy aDIn hr sfl sYkVy kroVF df bjt hY. ajy 30 mfrc nMU hI sLoRmxI gurduafrf pRbMDk kmytI dy jnrl iejlfs vwloN sfl 2009-2010 df 448 kroV 89 lwK rupey df sflfnf bjt pfs kIqf igaf hY jo ipCly sfl 2008-2009 nfloN 62 kroV 16 lwK rupey vDyry hY. ieh hflq `84 qoN vI bhuq pihlF jfrI hY aqy kmytI arbF rupey vwK vwK kfrjF `qy Krc cuwkI hY ijs ivwc vwzI kurwpsLn vI sLfml hY. nOkrI skYNzl, Puwl skYNzl, pRsLfd skYNzl, sIimMt skYNzl, sYks skYNzl aqy hor qrF qrF dy skYNzl smyN smyN sfhmxy afAuNdy rhy hn.

          ies vwzy bjt dy nfl sLRomxI kmytI kol vwzy vwzy ividak adfry, kmytI aqy Drm pRcfr ivwc nOkrIaF qy afpxy pRBfv vfly adfiraF ivwc nOkrIaF dvfAux jogf dbdbf mjUd hY aqy hY sI. pr ies kmytI ny idwlI dy dMgf pIVqF vfsqy kI awj qwk kIqf? ikMny ku dMgf pIVqF nMU Gr, vpfr, nOkrIaF aqy AuhnF dy ikMny ku bwicaF nMU muPLq ividaf idwqI hY? ies dy mukfbly jQydfrIaF hfsl krn, kfiem rwKx  aqy akflIaF nMU coxF ijqfAux vfsqy ikMnf ku Krcf bIqy 24-25 sflF ivwc kIqf hY? sLfied BuwkI df ibwl dMgf pIVqF dI mdd qoN vwD hovy.

          idwlI ivwc srnf BrfvF dI sdfrq vflI idwlI kmytI kol vI coKf bjt hY aqy inwq ies kmytI dI cODr kfiem rwKx jF hfsl krn vfsqy iCwqr KVkdf hY. srnf BrfvF dI kFgrsI hkUmq nfl vI sFJ iBaflI hY aqy ivdysLIN zyry lgfeI bYTy vwKvfdIaF nfl vI sFJ hY ijhnF dy kbjLy ivwc drjnF vwzy gurdvfry hn. ivdysLF ivwcoN mfieaf pfiksqfn rsqy bMdUkF KrIdx vfsqy vI jFdI hY. srnf BrvF dI sdfrq vflI kmytI ny afpxy iehnF sfDnF aqy sFJF dI mdd nfl dMgf pIVHqF vfsqy awj qwk kI kIqf hY?

          1984 dy duKFq dy ipwCoN pMjfb ivwc akflIaF dI srkfr s: surjIq isMG brnflf dI sdfrq hyT bxI qF brnflf, bfdl aqy tOhVf ivckfr kursI XuwD iCV ipaf. iswK dMgf pIVqF aqy ivDvvF dI mdd nfloN kursI XuwD ijLadf jLrUrI smiJaf igaf aqy jI-jfn nfl liVaf igaf. iPr kyNdr ivwc bfdl akflI dl dI BfeIvflI vflI vfjpfeI  srkfr afeI aqy Aus ny 5-6 sfl jMm ky rfj kIqf. aqy pMjfb ivwc s: pRkfsL isMG bfdl ny pMj sfl rfjBfg df afnMd mfixaF. ies dOrfn tfeItlr nMU sjLf, dMigaF dI jld qPqIsL, pIVqF leI iensfPL aqy ivDvfvF dI mdd akflIaF nMU ivsrI hI rhI. vwKvfdIaF dy chyqy kYptn amirMdr isMG dI vI pMj sfl vfrI afeI pr sOiraf kuJ nhIN. hux iPr s: bfdl pMjfb dy isMGfsn `qy bhuq afrfm nfl ibrfjmfn hn. bdilaf hor kuJ nvI nhIN hY bws isafsI ruwq hI bdlI hY. `84 dy duKFq `qy rfjsI rotIaF sykxf axAuicwq hY.

-blrfj idEl

KLbrnfmf #500, aprYl 10-2009

 


sLryafm vfisLMgtn `qy hmly dI DmkI df sfhs!

          pfiksqfn dI sfbkf pRDfn mMqrI bynjLIr Buwto dy kql leI ijMLmyvfr smJy jFdy pfiksqfnI qfilbfn dihsLqgrd afgU bYqAulf mfsUd ny sLryafm amrIkf dI rfjDfnI vfisMLgtn `qy ajyhf hmlf krn dI DmkI idwqI hY ijs nfl dunIaF ckfcOND ho jfvygI. ajyhf Aus ny ies hPLqy dy sLurU ivwc lfhOr dy bfhr BfrqI srhwd qoN 7-8 iklomItr dI dUrI `qy siQq pfiksqfnI puils dI akYzmI `qy kIqy gey mfrU hmly dI ijLmyvfrI kbUlx smyN kIqf. ieh AuhI mfsUd hY ijs nfl pfiksqfnI srkfr ny smJOqf kIqf hoieaf hY. AuWqr pwCmI srhwdI sUby dy aPLgfnisqfn nfl lgdy kbfielI Kyqr ivwc bYqAulf mfsUd vrgy keI kwtVpMQI afgU hux pfiksqfnI srkfr nfl ajyhy sLFqI smJOqy kr ky bhuq arfm nfl sMgTq ho ky arD-rfj qfkq bxy GuMm rhy hn. ieh Kyqr al-kfiedf aqy qfilbfnF df gVH bxy hoey hn.

          amrIkf ny bYqAulf msUd dy isr df 5 imlIan zflr df muwl rwiKaf hoieaf hY. lfhOr puils akYzmI `qy hoey hmly dI ijLMmyvfrI kbUlidaF msUd ny ikhf ik ieh hmlf pfiksqfn dy kbfielI Kyqr ivwc amrIkf vloN kIqy gey zron hmilaF df bdlf lYx leI kIqf igaf sI.  qihrIky qfilbfn pfiksqfn nfm dI jQybMdI dy 35 sflf afgU bYqAulf msUd ny iksy axdwsI jgfH qoN pwCmI Kbr eyjMsIaF nMU afp tYlIPon krn df sfhs vI kIqf hY.

          Aus ny huwb ky ikhf ik asIN ies hmly dI Kuwl ky ijMLmyvfrI lYNdy hF aqy BivK ivwc asIN ajyhy hor hmly vI krFgy. jldI hI asIN vfisLMgtn `qy vI ajyhf hmlf krFgy ijs nfl smuqwcf jgq hYrfn ho jfvygf ieh gwl bYqAulf ny byKOPL ho ky afKI hY. bYqAulf dI ieh DmkI pfiksqfn ivwc Aus dy vD rhy pRBfv aqy pfik srkfr dI suMgV rhI qfkq dI insLfnI hY jo dunIaF vfsqy KLqry dI GMtI hY. Aus ny hor kwtVpMQI sMgTnF ivckfr nyVqf vI kfiem kr leI hY. ajy ipCly hPLqy hI amrIkI pRDfn Ebfmf ny aPgfinsqfn vfsqy 21,000 hor POjI Byjx df aYlfn kIqf hY aqy bYqAulf ny ieh DmkI Ebfmf nMU juvfb dyx vfsqy idwqI jfpdI hY. Ebfmf ny pfiksqfn aqy aPLgfinsqfn  dI mdd vfsqy 7[5 ibilan zflr dI mdd df aYlfn vI kIqf sI ijs nfl afm lokF df jn jIvn suDfrn vfsqy motI rkm Krc kIqI jfxI hY.

          bYqAulf ny ieh vI ikhf hY ik vwK vwK ieslfimk  guwtF ivckfr eykqf vfsqy Aus ny iek sFJI mujfhdIn kONsl vI sQfipq kr leI hY jo nyto sYinkF `qy hmly jQybMd krygI. bhuq sfry aPLgfn aqy pfiksqfnI qfilbfn iekwTy ho gey hn ijhnF dy pfik eyjMsI afeI aYs afeI nfl sbMD hn. bYqAulf msUd qoN ielfvf pfiksqfnI qfilbfn dy do hor afgU kmFzr hfiPLjL guwl bhfdur aqy mOlvI nfjLIr hn. aqy ieh sfry vjLIrsqfn aqy nfl lgdy kbfielI Kyqr ivwc pRBfv rwKdy hn aqy aksr iek dUjy nfl KihMdy vI rhy hn pr hux amrIkf iKlLfPL iekwTy ho jfx dy sMkyq dy rhy hn.

          aPLgfn qfilbfn afgU muwlf Emr ny kuJ smF pihlF iek vPd ajyhI eykqf krn vfsqy pfiksqfn Byijaf dwisaf jFdf sI qF ik amrIkI POj dI vD rhI nPLrI df tfkrf kIqf jf sky. ies nvIN eykqf ivwc pfiksqfnI qfilbfn iekwly nhIN hn AuhnF nfl muMbeI `qy hmlf krn vflI dihsLqgrd sMsQf lsLkry qfiebf aqy lsLkry jMgvI vI hn. ieh dovyN dihsLqgrd sMgTn mMubeI hmilaF dy nfl nfl lfhOr ivwc sRI lMkf dI ikRkt tIm `qy hmly leI vI ijLMmyvfr hn.

          amrIkI pRDfn brfk Ebfmf ny ajy ipCly mhIny hI cMgy aqy bury qfilbfn df ijLkr kridaF ikhf sI ik cMgy qfilbfnF nfl gwlbfq kIqI jf skdI hY. dUJy pfsy pfiksqfnI srkfr qF lgfqfr ajyhy smJOqy krdI afeI hY ijs nfl kwtvfdI dihsLqgrd hor qfkqvr ho ky AuBr rhy hn. pfiksqfnI srkfr kwtVpMQI aqy dihsLqgrd qfkqF nfl twkr lYx vfsqy iqafr nhI hY aqy ajyhI hflq ivwc pfiksqfn nMU idwqI geI amrIkI afriQk mdd df kuJ ihwsf amrkf dy iKlfPL hI vriqaf jfvygf aqy amrIkf ieh swB kuJ jfxdf hoieaf vI afriQk mdd sLfied ieh soc ky dy irhf hY ik iek idn dihsLqvfd nMU hrfAux vfsqy pfiksqfnI POj aqy srkfr iswDI ho qurygI.

          ipsLfvr aqy ies dy afspfs amrIkI POjI splfeI trwkF `qy afey idn hmly huMdy hn aqy ipCly kuJ mhIinaF ivwc sYNkiVaF dy igxqI ivwc POjI splfeI nfl Bry trwk qbfh kr idwqy gey hn. ieslfimk dihsLgrd sMgTn amrIkI splfeI lfeIn jo ik krfcI bMdrgfh rsqy kfbul qwk jFdI hY nMU qihs nihs kr skdy hn aqy ajyhI hflq ivwc amrIkI POj nMU vwKry splfeI rUt vI qlfsLxy pY skdy hn. pfiksqfnI POj amrIkI splfeI lfeIn nMU surwiKaf pRdfn krn ivwc vI asPLl sfbq ho rhI hY. amrIkI rfjDfnI vfisLMgtn `qy hmly dI DmkI df sfhs krnf dwsdf hY ik bYqAulf mfsUd aqy hor qfilbfnI sMgTn amrIkf nfl twkr lYx vfsqy iqafr hn aqy Auh lVfeI iPr amrIkf dI DrqI qwk vI lY jfx dI iewCf rwKdy hn. 9/11 dy hmilaF qo NipwCoN awj qwk amrIkf afpxy dysL nMU mihPUjL rwKx ivwc kfmXfb irhf hY. jy kwtVpMQI amrIkf `qy ajyhf Cotf motf hmlf krn ivwc kfmXfb ho jFdy hn qF AuhnF df hOslf hor vI vD jfvygf.

-blrfj idEl

KLbrnfmf #499, aprYl 03-2009

 


tYksF df rlyvF burf nhIN pr tYks sMquln jLrUrI!

          EntyrIE srkfr ny sfl 2009-10 df $14[1 iblIan zflr Gfty df bjt pysL kIqf hY jo ik sUby dy ieiqhfs ivwc swB qoN vwD Gfty vflf bjt hY. afriQk mMdI kfrn Gfty vfly bjt df qF pihlF hI ikafs sI pr ieh ieiqhfsk Gfty vflf bjt hovygf ies df pqf bjt pysL kIqy jfx smyN hI lwgf hY. ies qoN pihlF 1993 ivwc aYn zI pI dI bOb rya srkfr ny 12[4 iblIan Gfty vflf bjt pysL kIqf sI jo awj qwk df rIkfrz Gfty vflf bjt sI. srkfr ny agly swq sfl bjt Gftf jfrI rihx dI pysLngoeI vI kIqI hY aqy iehnF sflF ivwc kul Gftf $56[8 iblIan zflr qwk df dwisaf hY. Xfd rwKx vflI gwl ieh hY ik sUby isr pihlF vI 126 iblIan zflr dy krIb krjLf dwisaf jf irhf jo ik agly swq sflF ivwc hor vD jfvygf. sfl 2009-10 df bjt Gftf hI sUby dy hr sLihr vfsqy $1076[90 df Gftf bxdf hY.

          KLjLfnf mMqrI ny ikhf hY ik hux sMqulq bjt ilafAux vfsqy  bhuq smF lwgygf aqy ies bfry sfl 2010-11 ivwc kuJ socxf sLurU kIqf jfvygf. qy nfl hI ieh vI afiKaf hY ik ies bfry kuJ sKLq PYsly lYxy pYxgy. sKLq PYsly kI hoxgy ieh hr koeI jfxdf hY ik srkfr tYks hor vDfeygI aqy syvfvF hor GtfeygI. syvfvF Gtx aqy tYks vDx dI imkdfr kI hovygI ies bfry afAux vfly sfl hI dwsxgy. bymuhfry XUnIanvfd nMU nwQx dI srkfr ivwc ihMmq nhIN hY jo ik asl ivwc tYks vfDy aqy bjt Gfty df iek pRmuK kfrn hY. vwzIaF XUnIanF nMU votF dy zroN qnKfh vfDf dyxf hI pYNdf hY nhIN qF AuhnF jo hflq pRImIar bOb rya dI kIqI sI Auh isafsI afgUaF nMU Buwlx vflI nhIN hY.

          subfeI srkfr ny ies bjt ivwc swB qoN aihm PYslf subfeI aqy PYzrl syljL tYks dy rlyvyN df kIqf hY. PYzrl syljL tYks ies smyN 5% hY jdik sUbfeI syljL tYks 8% hY ieMj nvF syljL tYks ijs nMU hfrmnfeIjLz syljL tYks afiKaf igaf hY hux 13% bx jfvygf. ieh nvF 13% syljL tYks 1 julfeI 2010 ivwc lfgU ho jfvygf.

          srkfr ny ies tYks dy Bfr qoN kuJ rfhq df aYlfn vI kIqf  hY ijs aDIn slfnf $160,000 qoN Gt amfdn vfly pirvfrF nMU iqMn iksLqF ivwc $1000 aqy $80,000 qoN Gwt vfly isMgl sLihrI nMU $300 idwqf jfvygf jo ik ies tYks dy lfgU hox qoN pihlF jUn 2010 ivwc idwqf jfxf hY. srkfr ny ieh aYlfn sLihrIaF dy ivroD nMU KuMzf krn vfsqy hI kIqf hY. srkfr jfxdI hY ik tYks rlyvyN df iswDf arQ hY tYks vfDf. PYzrl syljL tYks (jIaYstI) qkrIbn hr vsqU aqy syvf `qy lwgdf hY jd ik subfeI syljL tYks (pIaYWstI) isrPL vsqUaF `qy lwgx vflf tYks hI sI aqy Auh vI bhuq sfrIaF vsqUaF `qy lgdf hI nhIN sI. sfrIaF syvfvF subfeI syljL tYks qoN mukq sn jo hux ies aDIn af jfxgIaF ijs nfl ies tYks dI mfr aqy aDfr vD jfvygf. ijs df arQ hY ik tYks vfDf ho jfvygf aqy sLihrIaF dI jyb nMU kuMzI kuJ ku hor lwgygI. srkfr ies nMU tYks vfDf nhIN afKygI pr asl ivwc hY ieh tYks vfDf hI hY.

          aYn zI pI ny srkfr dy bjt dI nukqfcInI kIqI hY aqy afgU aYNzrIaf hOrQ ny afiKaf hY ik rIsYsLn dy smyN ivwc sUby dy lokF nMU tYks vfDy df isLkfr nhIN sI bxfieaf jfxf cfhIdf. torI pfrtI dy afrjLI afgU bOb rMsImYn ny vI ies dI sKLq nukqfcInI kridaf ikhf hY ik Eh sLihrI jo rIsYsLn dy tfkry vfsqy srkfrI mdd AuzIkdy sn AuhnF vfsqy ies bjt PjLUl df sfbq hoieaf hY. AuhnF ikhf hY ik ies bjt nfl sUbf ieiqhfsk bjt Gfty aqy ieiqhfsk krjLy dy boJ Qwly npIiVaf jfvygf.

          ieh TIk hY ik ivroDI iDr ny srkfr dy bjt dI nukqfcInI krnI hI huMdI hY pr ieh gwl hr koeI jfxdf sI ik afriQk mMdI kfrn bjt Gfty vflf hI hovygf aqy agly keI sfl hovygf. cldI afriQkqf ivwc srkfr nMU afmdn aqy sYljL smyq hor tYks vwD mfqrf ivwc afAuNdy hn ijs nfl bjt Gfty qoN bicaf jf skdf hY jo hux rIsYsLn ivwc sMBv nhIN hY. mgMtI srkfr ny qF cMgI afriQkqf ivwc vI tYks vfDf krky bjt sMqulq kIqf sI aqy Auh vI afpxf tYks vfDf nf krn df cox vfadf qoV ky kIqf sI. mgMtI vloN lgfieaf igaf hYlQ tYks iksy nMU Buwilaf hoieaf nhIN hY.

          PYzrl aqy subfeI syljL tYksF df rlyvF burI gwl nhIN hY ies nfl vpfrk adfiraF nMU vpfr krn ivwc afsfnI hovygI aqy ihsfb ikqfb krn `qy Krcf Gtygf. dovyN tYks ieko smyN lfgU kr idwqy jfxgy aqy sbMDq srkfrF nMU anupfqn adf kr idwqy jfxgy. smwisaf tYksF ivwc hoey aisDy vfDy dI hY ijs nfl sLihrIaF nMU kfx JwlxI pvygI. nvF tYks 4 lwK qoN vwD dy GrF, hr iksm dIaF syvfvF, pRoPYsLnlF dIaF PIsF, aKLbfrF, mYgjLInF, qyl, hIitMg afiel, mYNbrisLp PIsF, tYksI dy BfVy ieQoN qwk ik hYlQ splImYNts ijvyN vfeItfimn afid KrIdx `qy vI adf krnf pvygf.

          srkfr ny BfvyN 4 lwK qoN Gwt kImq dy Gr nMU ies qoN bfhr rwK ky isafxp kIqI hY pr 4 lwK qoN vwD kImq dy GrF `qy 8% hor tYks lwg jfx nfl iehnF dI mMg Gt jfvygI ijs nfl afriQkqf `qy burf asr pvygf.

          PYzrl srkfr ny afpxy cox vfady muqfibk jIaYstI ivwc 2% kmI kIqI hY jo pihlF 7% sI aqy hux 5% hY. subfeI srkfr nMU cfhIdf sI ik ikAuNik tYks rlyvyN nfl tYks dI mfr jF  aDfr vD jfvygf ies leI ies df ryt Gtf dyvy. ryt ikMnf ku Gtfieaf jf skdf sI ieh qF mfhrF dy ivcfrn df mfmlf hY pr ies dI imxqI ies nMU rYvinAU-inAUtrl (hfx-lfB rihq) rwK ky kIqI jf skdI sI. sMBv hY ik ies nMU rYvinAU-inAUtrl krn vfsqy 8% qoN Gtf ky 6 % jF ies dy afspfs kr idwqf jFdf ijs nfl lokF `qy tYks df boJ vDfieaf nf jFdf. 

          afriQk mMdI dOrfn tYks sMquln bhuq jLrUrI sI jo srkfr ies bjt ivwc kfiem nhIN rwK skI aqy ies df burf asr pYxf lfjLmI hY. subfeI srkfr nMU cfhIdf hY ik ies tYks rlyvyN nMU ajy vI rYvinAU-inAUtrl krn df Xqn kry aqy Auh sLihrIaF nMU lgdy hwQ afmdn muqfibk kuJ rfhq dyx nfl nhIN ho skdf ijs df Xqn kIqf igaf hY. ajyhf qF tYks dy ryt ivwc kmI krn nfl hI sMBv ho skdf hY/sI.

-blrfj idEl

KLbrnfmf #498, mfrc 27-2009

 


sRIlMkn qfimlF nMU mujLfhiraF dI nhIN, kFtf bdlx dI loV hY!

            bIqy somvfr nMU torFto dy qfiml BfeIcfry ny sRIlMkf ivwc cwl rhy gRih XuwD ivwc sRI lMkf srkfr vloN qfimlF dy kIqy jf rhy kiQq Gfx dy iKlfPL iek ros rYlI kIqI. ieh torFto ivwc qfimlF dI sfl 2009 dI dUjI vwzI rYlI sI ies qoN pihlF 31 jnvrI nMU qfimlF ny iek ajyhI hI rYlI kIqI sI. ivc-ivcfly torFto dy qfimlF ny keI Coty ros mujLfhry hor vI kIqy hn. dwKxI Bfrq, aftvf, inAUXfrk aqy XUrp dy keI dysLF ivwc vI qfimlF ny bIqy ZfeI ku mhIinaf ivwc keI ros rYlIaF aqy mujLfhry kIqy hn. iehnF sfry mujLfhiraF df kfrn qF BfvyN ieh dwisaf jf irhf hY ik ieh sRIlMkf srkfr vloN qfimlF dy kiQq Gfx dy iKlfPL kIqy jf rhy hn pr iehnF df asl kfrn sRIlMkf ivwc srkfr hwQoN qfiml dihsLqgrd sMgTn ilwty (ilbrysLn tfeIgrjL afPL qfiml eIlm) dI ho rhI hfr hY. ilwty dy smrQk qfiml lokF dy kiQq Gfx df bhfnf lgf ky hfr rhy dihsLqgrd sMgTn nMU iksy sMBfvI sIs-Pfier  (XuwD-ivrfm) nfl bcfAuxf cfhuMdy hn.

            KUMKfr dihsLqgrd sMgTn ilwty aqy ies dy smrQk dunIaF df Brosf ies hwd qwk gvF cuwky hn ik dunIaF ivwc hux koeI vI iehnF `qy XkIn krn vfsqy iqafr nhIN hY. iehI kfrn hY ik bIqy iqMn ku mhIinaF qoN jd qoN sRIlMkf dI POj ny ilwty nMU Gyr ky KUMjy lgfieaf hY, dunIaF dy dysL sLFqmeI hwl dI rvfieqI gwl qF krdy hn pr sRIlMkf `qy dbfE pf ky XuwD-ivrfm duarf ilwty nMU rfhq dvfAux leI iblkul vI iqafr nhIN hn.

            Bfrq ijs dy dwKx ivwc qfiml lokF dI coKI vwsoN hY aqy ies df iek ihwsf sRIlMkn vwKvfdIaF df hmfieqI vI hY aqy Bfrq srkfr `qy dbfE vI bhuq pfieaf jf irhf hY pr iPr vI Bfrq srkfr ny sLFqmeI gwlbfq df swdf idMidaF nfl hI ilwty nMU hiQafr suwtx vfsqy afiKaf hY. ieh ibafn BfrqI sMsd df afKrI smfgm KLqm hox qoN pihlF pRDfn mMqrI zf: mnmohn isMG dy bImfr hox kfrn aYkitMg pRDfn mMqrI dIaF ijLmyvfrIaF inBf rhy sRI pRxfb muKrjI ny idwqf sI. ilwty dy mfmly ivwc dunIaF dy hor dysLF dI phuMc vI Bfrq vflI hI hY.

            Bfrq smyq dunIaF dy bhuq sfry dysLF ivwc ilwty iek dihsLqgrd jQybMdI kfrr idwqI jf cuwkI hY. kYnyzf srkfr ny 2006 ivwc ilwty nMU dihsLqgrd jQybMdI krfr dy ky ies `qy pfbMdI lgf idwqI sI. ies dy nfl kYnyzf ivwc ilwty vfsqy PMz-ryjL krnf gYr kfnMUnI ho igaf sI. mFtrIal aqy torFto ivwc ilwty dIaF sihXogI jQybMdIaF `qy vI sLkMjf kwisaf igaf sI aqy kuJ dPLqr bMd kr idwqy gey sn, kMipAUtr qy irkfrz jLpq kr ilaf igaf sI. knyzIan srkfr df ieh PYslf bhuq sfhs Biraf aqy dUrdrsLI sI. dysL dIaF KuPIaf eyjMsIaF kol ies dy Tos sbUq sn ik kYnyzf ivwcoN ilwty vfsqy vwzI pwDr `qy PMz Byjy jFdy sn ijhnF dI vrqoN sRI lMkf ivwc  ilwty dIaF dihsLqgrd kfrvfeIaF vfsqy kIqI jFdI sI. hfrpr srkfr dy hoNd ivwc afAux qoN pihlF, 13 ku sfl dysL dIaF ilbrl srkfrF ny qfiml dihsLqgrdI pRqI nrm ruK apxfieaf hoieaf sI. ilbrl pfrtI aqy ies dI srkfr hmysLf votF muwK rwK ky nIqI GVn dI afdI hY aqy aksr vwK vwK kwtVpMQI aqy dihsLqgrd sMgTnF dy smrQkF nfl nyVqy rwKdI rhI hY. sfbkf ilbrl KLjLfnf mMqrI aqy pRDfn mMqrI sRI pfl mfritn qoN lY ky ajyhy keI ilbrl afgUaF qy sFsdF dy nfm igxfey jf skdy hn jo qfiml vwKvfdIaF nfl nyVqf rwKdy rhy hn.

            bIqy somvfr nMU qfiml BfeIcfry vloN torFto ivwc kIqI geI ros rYlI ivwc bhuq sfry roskfrIaF ny gYr kfnUMnI krfr idwqy gey dihsLqgrd sMgTn ilwty dy JMzy cuwky hoey sn aqy kuJ lokF ny qF ilwty dy dihsLqgrd afgU pRBfkrn dIaf qsvIrF vfly bYnr vI cwuky hoey sn. ilwty dy smrQk ies nMU qfiml ilbrysLn (ajLfdI) leI lVn vflf sMgTn vI dwsdy hn. dunIaF ilwty nMU dihsLqgrd sMgTn dy qOr `qy jfxdI hY ijs ny afqmGfqI hmilaF nMU bkfiedf hiQafr bxf ky vrqx dI rIq clfeI hY. awj dunIaF vfsqy afqmGfqI hmly swB qoN vwzf Kqrf bxy hoey hn. eyQy hI bws nhIN ilwty ny qF blYk tfeIgrjL dy nfm hyT bkfiedf afqmGfqI dsqy bxfey hoey hn. nbflg bwicaF nMU jLbrdsqIN dihsLqgrd dsiqaF ivwc sLfml krn aqy isvlIan lokF nMU zMzy dy jLor nfl Zfl bxf ky vrqx ivwc vI ilwty mUhrlI kqfr df dihsLqgrd sMgTn hY.

            ilwty aqy ies dy afgU pRBfkrn dIaF mnmfnIaF qoN Aus df afpxf hI iek aihm gurIlf kmFzr eynf qMg ho igaf sI ik 2004 ivwc Auh vwzI igxqI ivwc gurIly nfl lY ky srkfr nfl jf rilaf sI. ies nfl ilwty dI kmr twut geI sI aqy sRIlMkn srkfr ny mOky df lfB AuTfAuidaF ilwty `qy PYslfkun hmly dI iqafrI afrMB kr idwqI sI. ieh hmlf sfl 2008 dy aMq ivwc sLurU kIqf igaf ijs dy PlsrUp kdy AuWqr-pUrbI sRIlMkf dy vwzy ihwsy `qy kbjLf krn vfly ilwty sMgTn nMU hux sfry vwzy sLihrF aqy ksibaf qoN KdyV idwqf igaf hY qy ies nMU 50 ku vrg iklo mItr Kyqr ivwc Gyr ilaf igaf hY. iek qfkqvr POjI sMgTn dy rUp ivwc ilwty df qkrIbn Kfqmf ho cuwkf hY pr sRIlMkf ivwc rfjsI lYx-dyx qoN ibnF ilwty jF ies dy kuJ qwq Cfpfmfr dihsLqgrd kfrvfeIaF iPr vI jfrI rwK skdy hn.

            ilwty ny ajy vI iek lwK dy krIb isvlIan qfiml afpxy nfl 50 ku vrg iklomItr dy ielfky ivwc rwKy hoey hn kuJ hOlI hOlI iKskx ivwc kfmXfb vI ho rhy hn. ies ivwc koeI sLwk nhIN hY ik ies gRih XuwD ivwc afm lokF df vwzf nuksfn hoieaf hY pr ies vfsqy isrPL  sRIlMkn srkfr nMU ijLmyvfr nhIN Tihrfieaf jf skdf. aqy nf hI ieh dfavf kIqf jf skdf hY ik nuksfn iekwlf qfiml lokF df hI hoieaf hY. nuksfn sfry sRIlMkn lokF df hoieaf hY aqy ies dI vwzI ijLmyvfrI dihsLgrd sMgTn ilwty isr afAuNdI hY ijs ny ihMsf nMU hiQafr bxf ky vriqaf hY.

            pRBfkrn qoN bfgI hoieaf gurIlf kmFzr murlIDrn bnfm kfrunf amn hux sRIlMkn srkfr ivwc sLfml ho igaf hY. ilwty dI hfr hux bhuq nyVy jfpdI hY ijs nfl qfiml smwisaf dy sLFqmeI df rfh iPr Kuwl jfvygf. kYnyzf ivwc ZfeI qoN iqMn lwK qfiml vwsdy hn aqy torFto, sRIlMkf qoN bfhr swB qoN vwD sRIlMkn qfiml vwsoN vflf sLihr mMinaF jFdf hY. sRIlMkn qfimlF nMU ies smwisaf dy sLFqmeI hwl vfsqy sLFqmeI qrIkf qlfsLxy cfhIdy hn.

            ilwty df smrQn aqy vwKry dysL dI mMg, dovyN hI sRIlMkf qfiml-isnhflI vwsoN ivckfr dosqfnf sbMDF ivckfr rukfvt hn. gRih XuwD kfrn sRI lMkf df vwzf nuksfn hoieaf hY. ivdysL vwsdy sRIlMkn qfimlF nMU dunIaF df ivsLvfs ijwqx vfsqy afpxI phuMc bdlxI pvygI. qfimlF nMU loV vwzy vwzy ros mujLfhry krn dI nhIN hY sgoN kFtf bdlx dI hY. dihsLqgrd sMgTn ilwty dy hwk ivwc ros rYlIaF, pRBfkrn  dIaF qsvIrF, ilwty dy JMzy aqy ies nMU ilbrysLn PrMt sfbq krn dI rwt qfimlF df kuJ vI sMvfr nhIN skygI.             

  -blrfj idEl

 KLbrnfmf #497, mfrc 20-2009

 


Ebfmf nMU cMgy aqy mMdy qfilbfn ivKfeI dyx lwgy!

          amrIkn rfsLtrpqI Ebfmf ny kuJ idn pihlF ieh ibafn dfg ky dunIaF nMU hYrfn kr idwqf hY ik amrIkf cMgy qfilbfnF nfl gwlbfq kr skdf hY. ieh jfnxf bhuq musLkl hY ik pRDfn Ebfmf nMU acfnk do iksm dy qfilbfn ikvyN ivKfeI dyx lwg pey aqy cMgy qy mMdy qfilbfnF dI pCfx Auh ikvyN krngy? pRDfngI coxF mOky sRI Ebfmf ny amrIkf df muwK insLfn aPLgfinsqn nMU bxfieaf sI ijwQy AuhnF dI sdfrq hyT amrIkf ny PYslfkun kfrvfeI krnI sI aqy ierfk `coN amrIkn POj nMU jld vfps swidaf jfxf sI. aPLgfinsqn ivwc PYslfkun kfrvfeI vfsqy amrIkI POj dI igxqI vDfeI jfxI sI ijs df aYlfn AuhnF pRDfn bxdy sfr kr vI idwqf hY. 17,000 hor  amrIkn POjI aPLgfinsqfn Byjx df hukm dy idwqf igaf hY aqy ieh vfDf 30,000 qwk (Bfv 13000 dy krIb hor) df ho jfx dI sMBfvnf hY.

          ierfk ivcoN jld POj kwZx df aYlfn vI Ebfmf ny kr idwqf hY pr mfhrF muqfibk ieh aDUrf hI hY ikAuNik iek qF amrIkn POj 2010 dy aMq qwk vfps bulfeI jfxI hY aqy dUjf 50,000 qwk POj iPr vI afny-bhfny ierfk ivwc aximwQy smyN qwk rwKI jfxI hY. ieMJ ierfk dy mfmly `qy Ebfmf dI nIqI Auh nhIN hY jo coxF smyN ivKfeI idMdI sI. hY ieh aPLgfinsqfn dy mfmly ivwc Auh nhIN jo dwsI jFdI sI. iek pfsy PYslfkun kfrvfeI vfsqy POj dI qYnfqI ivwc vfDf aqy dUjy pfsy cMgy qfilbfnF nfl gwlbfq krn df aYlfn kr idwqf igaf hY.

          coxF vyly ierfk `coN POj kwZx aqy aPLgfinsqfn ivwc qfilbfnF df Kfqmf kr dyx vflI kfrvfeI df aYlfn ZukvF cox pYNqVf sI ikAuNik amrIkn lok ierfk jMg nMU nfjfiejL smJdy hoey ies df Kfqmf cfhuMdy sn pr aPLgfn jMg bfry lokF dy ivcfr vwKry sn. ieh aPLgfinsqfn hI sI ijwQy al-kfiedf ny 9/11 dI sfijsL rcI sI aqy afqmGfqI dihsLqgrdF nMU isKlfeI idwqI sI. vrlz tryz sYNtr qbfh kr ky amrIkf nMU cxOqI dyx vfilaF df Kfqmf kr dyx df insLfnf shI cox pYNqVy df aihm ihwsf sI.

          cMgy qfilbfnF nfl gwlbfq df pYNqVf dusLmx nMU prKx aqy pfV ky KdyVn df rsqf vI ho skdf hY. jy insLfnf qfilbfnF nMU prKx df sI qF ies ivwc sPLlqf nhIN imlygI ikAuNik al-kfiedf aqy qfilbfn amrIkf df ivroD Cwz nhIN skdy. amrIkf aqy jmhUrI jgq df ivroD hI AuhnF dI hoNd df aDfr hY. qfilbfnF ny Ebfmf dI ieh apIl muZoN rwd vI lgdy hwQ hI kr idwqI hY.

          pfiksqfn vI afpxy srhwdI sUby dy kbfielI ielfikaF ivwc cMgy qfilbfn dI nIqI `qy cwldf hoieaf bhuq sfry ieslfimk kwtVpMQI gut jo ik pfiksqfnI qfilbfnF dy nfm nfl jfxy jFdy hn, nfl KyqrI sLFq smJOqy kr irhf hY aqy amrIkf iehnF smJOiqaF df ivroD krdf af irhf hY ijhnF hyT ieslfimk sLrIaf lfgU kIqI jf rhI hY.   svfl AuTdf hY ik jy pfiksqfn vfly cMgy qfilbfn amrIkf nMU pRvfn nhIN hn qF Ebfmf vfly cMgy qfilbfn ikvyN pRvfn hoxgy aqy AuhnF nMU ikvyN qlfisLaf jfvygf? sMBv hY ik amrIkf dIaF KuPIaf eyjMsIaf ny qfilbfnF dy kuJ ajyhy guwt qlfsL ley hox ijhnF nfl sOdybfjLI cwl rhI hovy jF isry cVHn vflI hovy. jy kuJ guwtF nfl ajyhf ho vI jFdf hY qd vI ivafpk pwDr `qy amrIkf aqy qfilbfn kwtVpMQIaF qy al kfiedf df krUrf hux iml nhIN skdf.

          al-kfiedf aqy qfilbfn ijs PlsPLy dy DfrnI hn Auh jmhUrIaq aqy Drm inrpwKqf nMU brfdsLq hI nhIN kr skdf. qfilbfn kwtVpMQI amrIkf aqy pwCmI jgq nMU siBafqfvF dy ktrfE dy rUp ivwc vyKdy hn jo ik AuhnF muqfibk ieslfm vfsqy Kqrf hn. kYnyzf dy pRDfn mMqrI sRI hfrpr aqy brqfnIaF dy iek jrnYl ny vI ies iksm dy ibafn idwqy sn ik aPLgfn XuwD ijwiqaf nhIN jf skdf ijs nfl qfilbfn kwtVpMQIaf dy hOsly vDy hoxgy. bIqy kuJ hPLiqaF dOrfn qfilbfn hmilaF ivwc qyjLI vI afeI hY ijs dy iswty vjoN kYnzf smyq nfto sMgTn dy keI hor POjI mfry gey hn.

          ierfk ivwc vI bIqy hPLqy dOrfn do vwzy afqmGfqI hmly hoey hn aqy pfiksqfn ivwc asiQrqf vflf mhOl bixaF hoieaf hY. ajyhI hflq ivwc dihsLqvfd iKlfPL lVfeI nMU Tos syD aqy rihnumfeI dI loV hY. amrIkf vrgy mohrI dysL vloN apxfeI iqlkxbfjLI vflI phuMc nfl hor nuksfn ho skdf hY.                              

-blrfj idEl

 


afpxy ihwqF dI rfKI krnI koeI amrIkf qoN iswKy!

          amrIkf dy rfsLtrpqI sRI brfk Ebfmf ny bIqy hPLqy ierfk ivwcoN amrIkI POj kwZ lYx dI qrIk df aYlfn kIqf hY ijs dI bhuq AuzIk kIqI jf rhI sI. sRI Ebfmf ny rfsLtrpqI cox ivwc ieh vfadf kIqf sI ik Auh rfsLtrpqI bx ky jld amrIkI POjF ierfk ivwcoN vfps kwZ lY afAuxgy aqy AuhnF ierfk XuwD dI muKLflPq df BrpUr lfB vI AuTfieaf sI. kuJ lokF nMU jfpdf sI ik Ebfmf rfsLtrpqI bxdy sfr hI amrIkI POjF 6-8 mhIinaF ivwc ierfk `coN vfps bulf lYxgy aqy musilm dysLF nfl Bfvnfqimk twutI-gMZ lYxgy.

          hux jd rfsLtrpqI brfk Ebfmf ny ierfk ivcoN amrIkI POjF kwZ lYx df bkfiedf aYlfn kr idwqf hY aqy qrIk vI imwQ idwqI hY qF kuJ lok ies nMU vfadf pUrf krn df nfm dy rhy hn. asl ivwc Ebfmf vloN kIqy aYlfn nMU iDafn nfl vyKIey qF Jlk kuJ vwKrI vyKx nMU imldI hY. ies mOky ierfk ivwc amrIkf dI qkrIbn zyZ lwK dy krIb POj hY aqy kuJ lok ies dI igxqI 1 lwK 60 hjLfr vI dwsdy hn qy kuJ aMkVy 1 lwK 42 hjLfr dwsdy hn. swcy sLfied dovyN aMkVy dwsx vfly hI hox ikAuNik ierfk ivwc qYnfq amrIkIaF ivwc POjI aqy POjI kMmF vfsqy qYnfqI nMU vwK vwK ZMgF nfl igixaF aqy pysL kIqf jf skdf hY.

          Ebfmf df aYlfn dwsdf hY ik 31 agsq 2010 qwk ierfk ivcoN amrIkI POj vfps bulf leI jfvygI pr nfl hI ieh vI ikhf igaf  hY ik 50 hjLfr qwk amrIkI POjI ierfk ivwc ies qoN ipwCoN vI ainscq smyN qwk qYnfq rihxgy. vyKx vflI gwl hY ik jy 50 hjLfr POjI qYnfq rihxy hn qF ies nMU amrIkI POj kwZ lYxf ikvyN afiKaf jF mMinaF jf skdf hY? awj dI kul nPrI df qIjf ihwsf amrIkI POj ierfk ivwc ainscq smyN vfsqy rhygI pr ies POj df kMm kMbYt jF mUhrlI kqfr dI kfrvfeI nhIN hovygf isrPL ierfkI POj dI mdd vflf rol hI hovygf.

          drasl jnfb Ebfmf ierfk ivcoN afpxI POj kwZ hI nhIN rhy isrPL afpxf vfadf pUrf krn vfsqy KfnfpoUrI hI kr rhy hn ikAuNik ieh pYNqVf jnfb Ebfmf dy vafdf pUrf krn aqy amrIkf dy ihwqF dI pUrqI, dovF dy hI iPwt bYTdf hY.  jy 50 hjLfr qoN Gwt igxqI ivwc POj rwKxf POjI dKLl dI pRIBfsLf dy hyT hI nhIN afAuNdf qF smiJaf jfxf cfhIdf hY ik amrIkf ny aPLgfinsqfn ivwc ajy POj ByjI hI nhIN hY ikAuNik AuWQy amrIkI POj dI igxqI ajy 50 hjLfr qoN bhuq Gwt hY.  hF hux vDfeI jf rhI hY jldI hI ieh igxqI 60 hjLfr dy krIb kr idwqI jfvygI.

          ierfk ivwc amrIkf dy 4250 dy krIb POjI mfry gey hn aqy 10 hjLfr dy krIb jLKLmI hoey qy eynf nuksfn krvf ky amrIkf ierfk nMU cox-vafdf pUrqI vfsqy KflI nhIN kr jfvygf. sdfm husyn dy rfjkfl ivwc BfvyN ierfk ivwc al-kfiedf aqy ieslfimk kwetVvfd df nmo-insLfn nhIN sI pr awj ierfk ivwc ieslfimk kwtVvfd dy awzy kfiem ho cuuky hn. ierfk kol qyl dy BMzfr hn aqy mwD-pUrb dI nfjLukm hflq aqy ierfn nfl ivgV rhy sbMD ajyhIaF hkIkqF hn ijhnF kfrn amrIkf bhuq dyr qwk ierfk ivwc POjI awzy kfiem rwKygf.

          jo lok jfrj buwsL dy cly jfx aqy Ebfmf dy vfeIt hfAUs ivwc ibrfjmfn hox nfl amrIkI POjI jF ivdysL nIqI dy bdl jfx dI AuzIk kr rhy sn AuhnF nMU bhuq jld cfnx ho jfvygf ik afgUaF dy bdl jfx nfl dysLF dy ihwq nhIN bdl jFdy, hF nIqIaF aqy dfa-pycF ivwc mfmUlI Pyr-bdl sMBv ho skdf hY. amrIkf iek ajyhf dysL hY ijs dy afgUaF ny afpxy dysL dy ihwqF nMU sdf mUhry rwiKaf hY. pRDfn Ebfmf hovy jF bwusL jF BfvyN ihlrI kilMtn hI ikAuN nf bx jFdI amrIkf dI ierfk nIqI eysy idsLf ivwc rihxI sI. jfrj buwsL sMivDfn muqfibk qIjI trm vfsqy KV hI nhIN sI skdf pr jy ajyhI ivvsQf huMdI aqy Auh qIjI trm vfsqy vfeIt hfAus ivwc ibrfjmfn ho jFdf qF Aus ny vI ierfk ivwc POj dI kuJ ktOqI bdl rhy hflfq kfrn jLrUr kr dyxI sI.

          9/11 qoN ipwCy Jfq mfrIey qF amrIkf dunIaF dy vwK vwK dysLF ivwc ajLfdI dy nfm hyT cwl rhIaF keI dihsLqgrd lihrF df smrQk hI nhIN sI sgoN qfilbfn smyq keIaF df jnmdfqf vI sI. pr jd afpxy ihwqF nMU Kqrf KiVaf qF horF nMU mnuwKI hwkF df sbk pVHAux vflf amrIkf dihsLqgrdI  iKlfPL swB qoN sKLq kdm cuwkx vflf dysL bx igaf. ikAUbf dy qwtI ielfky ivwc amrIkf dy kbjLy hyTly goqfnmobya ivwc amrIkf ny ajyhf kYdKfnf bxfieaf ijwQy sflF bwdI ieslfimk kwtVpMQIaF nMU bMdI bxfeI rwiKaf aqy awj vI ieh kYdKfnf hfl dI GVI kfiem hY. goqfnmobya nMU qF dunIaF jfxdI hY pr ies vrgy hor vI gupq iTkfxy ho skdy hn ijwQy amrIkf sLwkI dihsLqgrdF nMU ivc-ivcfly njLrbMd rwKdf hovygf. aPLgfinsqn ivwc kfbul dy pUrb ivwc bYgrfn eyarPors bys vI ajyhy iTkfixaF ivcoN iek hY.

          amrIkf ny dihsLqvfd dy tfkry vfsqy sKLq amrIkf ieMtrI nIqI aqy vIjLf injLm lfgU kIqy hn ijhnF kfrn kYnyzf vrgy dosq dysL dy sLihrI vI KurdbIn hyT lY aFdy gey hn. ivdysLF ivwc amrIkI sPLfrqKfinaF ivwc lMbIaF lMbIaF lfeInF lgdIaF hn aqy sKLq surwiKaf inXmF kfrn vIjLf lYx dy cfhvfn kfr dIaF cfbIaF aqy pfxI dI boql qwk aMdr nhIN lY jf skdy. sKLq inXm amrIkf dy ihwqF qoN pryrq hn aqy swB nMU swq-bcn afK ky mMnxy pYNdy hn.

          amrIkf ny ipCly sfl Bfrq dy pRDfn mMqrI zfktr mnmohn isMG dI amrIkf PyrI smyN pRDfn mMqrI dy zYlIgyjLn nfl af rhy iek BfrqI aKLbfr dy sMpfdk nMU vIjLf dyx qoN ienkfr kr idwqf sI. sbMDq pwqrkfr muslmfn sI aqy Aus df sbMD afsfm sUby nfl sI. ies pwqrkfr nMU vIjLf dyx qoN nFh ikAuN kIqI geI ieh iek vwKrf svfl hY pr iDafn dyx vflI gwl ieh hY ik eyny aflfH drjy dy zYlIgysLn dy iek mYNbr vjoN vI Aus nMU vIjLf dyx qoN ienkfr kr idwqf igaf sI. amrIkf ny dws idwqf sI ik Aus dy ihwq iksy ivakqI jF zYlIgysLn dy ihwqF qoN AuWqy hn aqy amrIkf smyq hr dysL nMU ajyhf krn df pUrf hwk hI nhIN hY sgoN afpxy sLihrIaF aqy dysL dy ihwqF dI rfKI krnf AuhnF df pihlf PrjL vI bxdf hY.

          dihsLqgrdI dy mfmly ivwc Bfrq nMU vI sKLq cxOqIaF df sfhmxf krnf pY irhf hY aqy afey idn Bfrq ivwc ajyhIaF kfrvfeIaF ivwc sLihrIaF dI jfn-mfl nMU nuksfn ho irhf hY. bhuq sfrIaF dihsLqgrd kfrvfeIaF krn vfly guwtF aqy lihrF dy awzy ivdysLF ivwc hn qy ieh swc hux Cuipaf hoieaf nhIN hY. Bfrq ivwc Dfrimk kwtVvfd aqy vwKvfd nMU sLih dyx vfsqy ivdysLF ivwc awzy bxfeI bYTy keI sMgTnF df pUrf jLor lwgf hoieaf hY. Bfrq srkfr ny muMbeI kFz dy ipwCoN ajyhy sMkyq vI idwqy hn ik srkfr iehnF KLqiraF qoN vfkPL hY aqy tfkry vfsqy sKLq kdm cuwkx vfsqy vI pUrI qrF iqafr hY.

          dihsLqgrd qfkqF dy tfkry vfsqy Bfrq nMU hor sqwrkqf dI loV hY aqy kYnyzf vrgy dosqfnf jmhUrI dysLF nfl rl ky cwlx dI vI loV hY. Bfrq dy gRih mMqrI sRI icMdfmbrm ieh afK cuwky hn ik Bfrq amrIkf vrgy sKLq kdm cuwkx vfsqy iqafr hY. afpxy kOmI ihwqF dI rfKI vfsqy Bfrq aqy hor dysLF nMU amrIkf qoN iswKxf cfhIdf hY.

-blrfj idEl

 


knyzIan bYNkF afriQk mMdI dUr krn ivwc shfeI hox

          globl afriQk mMdI df dOr bIqy sfl akqUbr mhIny ivwc Es smyN jwg jfhr hoxf sLurU hoieaf sI jd amrIkf dy keI ivwqI adfry ijhnF ivwc bYNkF aqy trwst kMpnIaF sLfml sn, PylH hoxIaF sLurU ho gey sn.  amrIkf ivwc sb-pRfeIm ivafjL drF `qy idwqy krijLaF dy nf muVn df sMkt qF ies qoN sfl ku pihlF hI sLurU ho igaf sI pr ies df pUrf asr akqUbr 2008 ivwc hI vyKx nMU imlaf sI aqy ies dy nfl hI globl afriQk mMdI df dOr sLurU ho igaf sI. amrIkf dy bYNikMg adfiraF dI Ksqf hflq df aMdfjLf ies gwl qoN lgfieaf jf skdf hY ik amrIkf dI swB qoN vwzI bYNk, istI bYNk vI qkrIbn PylH ho geI sI agr srkfr KVy pYr ies bYNk nMU 25 iblIan zflr nf idMdI.

          amrIkf dI mMdI df asr qF sfrI dunIaF `qy hI ipaf hY pr AuhnF dysLF `qy ijLafdf ipaf hY ijhnF dy bYNikMg adfry amrIkf ivwc sb-pRfeIm Kyqr ivwc vwzf DMn lgfeI bYTy sn. jrmnI aqy brqfnIaF dIaF keI bYNkF ny amrIkf ivwc afpxI qbfhI krvfeI hY aqy AuhnF dIaF vwzIaF rkmF zuwb geIaF hn. sI[ afeI[ bI[ sI[ bYNk nMU Cwz ky kYnyzf dIaF bfkI bYNkF amrIkf ivwc afriQk lhU-lUhfx krvfAux qoN bc geIaF hn. sI[ afeI[ bI[ sI[ nMU vI nuksfn Es pwDr df nhIN hoieaf ijs pwDr df amrIkf aqy kuJ XUrp dIaF bYNkF df hoieaf hY.

          hoey nuksfn aqy krjLf vsUlI Gtx nfl hor hox vfly sMBfvI nuksfn dy tfkry vfsqy bYNkF ny krjLy dyx vfsqy sLrqF sKLq kr idwqIaF hn aqy sb-pRfeIm ivafjL dr dyxf bMd kr idwqf hY. knyzIan bYNkF df ieh muZlf pRqIkrm smJ afAuNdf hY pr hux ieh sMkyq iml rhy hn ik knyzIan bYNkF ajy vI cMgI hflq ivwc hn ies leI ajyhI bhuqI sKLq krjLf nIqI afriQk mMdI nfl nijwTx vfsqy nuksfn dfiek hY.

          bYNkF afpxy afriQk sfl nMU cfr ihwisaF (kuafrtrF jF iqmfhIaF) ivwc ikvyN vMzdIaF hn ieh gwl qF mfhrF nMU pqf hovygI pr jo aMkVy pihly kuafrtr dy hux afey AuhnF muqfibk kYnyzf dI iek vI bYNk nMU ies sbMDq kuafrtr ivwc Gftf nhIN ipaf. ieh vwKrI gwl hY ik iehnF bYNkF dy pRfiPt ivwc ipCly sfl dy mukfbly kmI afeI hY jF lfB Enf nhIN hoieaf ijMnf ieh bYkF kmfAux dIaF cfhvfn jF afdI hn.

          ies rport kIqy gey pihly kuafrtr ivwc jo 31 jnvrI nMU KLqm hoieaf dwisaf igaf hY, rfiel bYNk nMU swB qoN vwD pRiPt hoieaf hY. kYnyzf dI ies swB qoN vwzI bYNk ny ies kuafrtr ivwc $1[05 iblIan df pRfiPt kmfieaf hY aqy ieh iek sfl pihlF nfloN 15% Gwt hY. amrIkf ivwc PylH ho rhIaF bYNkF vwl vyKIey qF ieh bhuq vwzI pRfpqI hY. rfiel bYNk ny afpxy ihwsydfrF nMU pRqI sLyar idwqy jfx vfly izvIzYNt (ihwsy df lfB) nMU vI pihlF vflI dr `qy hI kfiem rwiKaf hY. bYNk dy cIPL aPLsr gorzn inksn ny ies nMU bYNk dI vpfrk nIqI dI sPLlqf dwisaf hY. bYNk ny ieh lfB ajyhI hflq ivwc vI kmfieaf hY jd ies nMU krjLf vsUlI ivwc 747 imlIan zflr dI kfx lwgI hY. ipCly sfl ies iqmfhI ivwc ieh kfx jF Gftf 293 imlIan zflr sI.

          eysy qrF torFto zomInIan bYNk ny ies iqmfhI ivwc $712 imlIan df lfB kmfieaf hY jo ik ipCly sfl dy mukfbly qF 27% Gwt hY pr mfhrF dy aMdfjLy qoN ikqy vwD hY. mukdI gwl ieh hY ik ies bYNk ny vI ies mMdI dy dOr ivwc lfB kmfieaf hY.

          nYsLnl bYNk jo ik horF dy mukfbly CotI bYNk hY ny ies kuafrtr ivwc $69 imlIan kmfieaf hY jo ik ipCly sfl dy mukfbly Gwt hY jd ies ny $255 imlIan kmfieaf sI. sI[ afeI[ bI[ sI[ ijs nMU amrIkf ivwc bhuqf nuksfn hoieaf ny vI ies kuafrtr ivwc $147 imlIan kmfieaf hY jo ik afs nfloN awCf dwisaf igaf hY. ies bYNk nMU ipCly sfl ies kuafrtr ivwc nuksfn hoieaf sI jd ieh bYNk amrIkf ivwc Gfty vflf sOdf Cwz ky Bwj AuTI sI. bYNk afPL mFtrIal aqy bYNk afPL novf skosLIaf ny afpxI kuaftrlI rport 3 mfrc nMU dyxI hY pr Auh vI lfB ivwc dwsIaF jf rhIaF hn. lfB dr ipCly sfl dy mukfbly 20-21% Gwt rihx dI sMBfvnf hY aqy pRqI sLyar lfB 90 qoN 95 sYNt hox dI pysLngoeI kIqI jf rhI hY.

          jfhr hY ik kYnyzf dIaF bYNkF bhuq vDIaf ishq ivwc hn aqy srkfr vI sMBfvI qOr `qy zuwbx vflIaF 75 ku iblIan zflr dIaF mfrgyjF jo ik pihlF hI bImf nIqI hyT hn, nMU afpxy isr lYx df aYlfn kr cuwkI hY. ies nfl knyzIan bYNkF df irsk bhuq Gwt jFdf hY aqy BivK ivwc hor pRfiPt dy afsfr bxdy ivKfeI idMdy hn.

          bYNkF mfieaf dy adfn-pRdfn df kMm krdIaF hn aqy BivK ies adfn-pRdfn dI dr `qy inrBr krdf hY. ijMnf pYsy df lYx-dyx ijLafdf hovygf EnI hI afriQkqf ivwc jfn vwD njLr afvygI aqy bYNkF df lYx-dyx vDx nfl afriQkqf ivwc hor jfn pvygI.  ies nMU iDafn ivwc rwK ky hI amrIkf aqy kYnyzf smyq dunIaF dy bhuqy vwzy dysLF ny ivafjL drF ivwc kmI kIqI hY.

          kYnzf ivwc vI ivafjL dr bYNk afPL kYnyzf vloN Gtfey gey hn  ijs nfl krjLy dy dr vI Gty hn pr Es dr nfl nhIN Gty ijs dr nfl pRfeIm ryt ivwc kmI afeI hY. ies mOky pRfeIm ryt 3% dwisaf jf irhf hY pr bYNkF vloN cfrj kIqf jf irhf ivafjL dr pRfeIm plws ivwc hY jo ik krjLy dI iksm aqy smyN muqfibk 4% qoN 6% dy drimafn hY.

          iehI bYNkF akqUbr 2008 qoN pihlF pRfeIm mfeIns awDf jF iewk PIsdI qwk `qy krjLy dy rhIaF sn. ivafjL dI dr df pRfeIm dy afspfs 3% qoN Gwt hoxf jF 5% dy krIb hoxf bhuq vwzf Prk hY aqy ies nfl lokF vfsqy krjLf adfiegI dr bhuq vD jFdI hY. ieh dr vDx nfl bhuq sfry lok krjLf lYx qoN pfsf vwt lYNdy hn aqy afriQkqf ivwc hor rukfvt KV jFdI hY.

          hux ikAuNik knyzIan bYNkF aOKy vkq vI pRfiPt ivwc hn ies leI bYNkF nMU ivafjL dr jy pihlF vFg pRfeIm mfeIns nhIN qF Gwto Gwt pRfeIm `qy jLrUr lY afAuxy cfhIdy hn. pRfeIm plws df ryt mMdI dy dOr ivwc afriQkqf vfsqy nuksfn dyh hY qy mMdI df hor dyr qwk brkrfr rihxf bYNkF vfsqy vI ishqmMd nhIN hY. ivafjL drF ivwc ktOqI kr ky knyzIan bYNkF afriQk mMdI jld dUr krn ivwc shfeI hox qF cMgf hY.  srkfr BFvyN bYNkF dI nIqI ivwc dKLl nhIN idMdI pr smF mMg krdf hY ik srkfr bYNkF `qy ajyhf krn vfsqy dbfE pfvy ikAuNik BivK ivwc ieh bYNkF dy afpxy vI ihwq ivwc hI hovygf.

-blrfj idEl

 KLbrnfmf #494, PrvrI 27-2009

 


BfrU ho rhy ktVpMQI pfik nMU bhuq mihMgy pY skdy hn

          pfiksqfn srkfr ny iek vfr iPr iqlkxbfjLI vflI nIqI apxfAuNidaF Auqr pwCmI srhwdI sUby ivwc qfilbfn kwtVpMQIaF nfl AuhnF dI sLrq `qy smJOqf kr ilaf hY. sUby dy svfq-mlfkMz Kyqr ivwc srkfr ny ieslfimk kwtVpMQI afgU muhMmd sUPI aqy Aus dy jvfeI PYjLElf awgy gozy tykidaF ies Kyqr ivwc sLrIaf kfnUMn lfgU krn dI gwl mMn leI hY. ieh kwtVpMQI aMsr qihrIky qfilbfn pfiksqfn nfl sbMDq hn jo ik KUMKfr ktwVpMQI afgU bYqAulf mfsUd dI sdfrq hyT kMm krdI hY. qihrIk-ey sLrIaq-ey muhMmdI (tI aYn aYs aYm) nfm dI ies sMsQf df muKI sUPI muhMmd hY jo ik bhuq smyN qoN srwhdI sUby dy svfq-mlfkMz df bhuqf ihwsf afpxy kMtrol ivwc krI bYTf hY. kwtVvfd aqy dihsLqvfd nMU kfbU krn leI bcnbwD koeI vI srkfr ajyhf smJOqf nhIN sI kr skdI jo pfik srkfr ny kIqf hY.

          hux sLFqI dy nfm hyT qihrIk-ey sLrIaq-ey muhMmdI ies Kyqr `qy rfj krygI aqy srkfrI puils qy adflqIqMqr df bdl bx jfvygI aqy ies nfl jhfdIaF dy hOsly hor vDxgy. Auh iks iksm df sLrIaf kfnUMn lfgU krdy hn ieh qF smF hI dwsygf pr aPLgfinsqfn ivwc jo kuJ qfilbfnF ny lfgU kIqf sI Auh swB jfxdy hn. aOrqF leI sKLq burkf nIqI, aOrqF leI ividaf, GroN bfhr kMm aqy lVkIaF vfsqy skUl bMd ho jfxgy. mrdF vfsqy dfhVI kwtx `qy pfbMdI, pYrF qwk lwqF Zwk ky rwKx dy Purmfn, sLfjL-avfjL, gfxf, nwcxf, ryzIE, tIvI aqy iPlmF afid `qy pfbMdI lwg jfvygI. ibnF adflqI kfrveI dy sLryafm PFsI jF hwQ-pYr kwtx dI sjLf idwqI jf skygI.

          ieh swB kuJ ajyhy smyN hoieaf hY jd pfiksqfnI rfsLtrpqI qfilbfnF qoN Kqry dI gwl kr cwuky hn. AuhnF iek tIvI ietrivAU ivwc ieh afiKaf sI ik qfilbfn dysL `qy kbjLf krn dIaF skImF bxf rhy hyn aqy pfiksqn dI slfmqI vfsqy Kqrf hn. qfilbfn bfry ajyhf ibafn dyx vfly jrdfrI dI srkfr 48 GMty dy aMdr aMdr hI qfilbfnF nfl ieh smJOqf kr geI hY.

          ajyhf ibafn dyx vflf jLrdfrI iekwlf nhIN hY, huxy pfik Xfqrf krn vflf amrIkf df KfsUsI sPLIr ircrz hflbruk qfilbfnF nMU sFJf dusLmx grdfn cuwkf hY.  hflbruk ny ikhf sI ik qfilbfn,  pfiksqfn, amrIkf aqy Bfrq dy sFJy dusLmx hn. amrIkI ivdysL mMqrI bIbI ihlyrI kilMtn ny ikhf hY ik pfiksqfn dI smuwcI siQqI icMqfjnk bxI hoeI hY. ihlyrI muqfibk aiqvfdI pfiksqfn qoN ielfvf amrIkf, aPgfinsqfn aqy iKwqy dy aMdr qy bfhr keI dysLF leI iswDf Kqrf bxy hoey hn. amrIkI ivdysL ivBfg ny pfiksqfn srkfr qoN gVbVjLdf sUbf srhwd ivc qfilbfn nfl juVy iek gruwp nfl sLFqI smJOqf kfrn aqy svfq GfdI ivc sLrIaf kfnUMn lfgU krn bfry pUry vyrvy vI mMgy hn. Bfrq ny vI ies `qy icMqf pRgt kIqI hY.

          ieslfimk kwtVpMQIaF nfl pfiksqfn ny pihlI vfr smJOqf nhIN kIqf ies qoN pihlF Auqr pwCmI srhwdI sUby dy vjLIrsqfn dy ielfky ivwc vI pfiksqfn ny ajyhy smJOqy kIqy sn jo iksy isry nhIN lwgy aqy dihsLqgrd pihlF nfloN hor qfkqvr bx ky AuBry hn.

          hux svfq GftI ivwc vI qfilbfnF aqy AuhnF dy smrQkF nMU iek ajyhf mOkf iml igaf hY ijs dI Auh AuzIk kr rhy hn. sLrIaf kfnMUn dy zMzy nfl hux Auh afpxf bcdf Kucdf ivroD Kqm kr lYxgy aqy muV jQybMd ho ky ies qoN awgy vDx bfry socxgy. ies qoN awgy ieslfmfbfdf hY jo ik svf ku sO iklomItr dI dUrI `qy hY.

          ieh kwtVvfd nfl nijwTx vflI nIqI nhIN afKI jf skdI aqy aMqrrfsLtrI BfeIcfry nMU ies df ivroD krnf cfhIdf hY.  pfik srkfr ny bhfnf BfvyN ies iKwqy ivwc sLfqI sQfipq krn df lgfieaf hY pr asl insLfnf koeI hor jfpdf hY. ieAuN jfpdf hY ik pfik srkfr dysL dI POj aqy KuPIaf eyjMsI dy idsLfinrdysL hyT lgfqfr iek socI smJI nIqI hyT pfiksqfn df qflbIkrn krvf rhI hY. pfiksqfn nMU ajy ieh afpxy ihwq ivwc jfp irhf hY pr nuksfn ies nfl pfik df vI hovygf, gvFzI dysLF df vI aqy dunIaF vI ies KLqry qoN bc nhIN skygI.

          ajyhIaF rportF vI afeIaF hn ik pfiksqfnI POj dy muKI jnrl ikafnI dI iek gupq gwlbfq amrIkI KuPIaf sUqrF ny suxI jF irkfrz kIqI hY ijs ivwc Aus ny pfik kwtVpMQIaF nMU aYst (Bfv cMgf, jfiedfd jF sMpqI) dwisaf hY. jy ieh swc hY qF dunIaF nMU ies nMU Kqry dI GMtI smJxf cfhIdf hY aqy ies nfl nijwTx vfsqy Tos aqy sFJI nIqI GVnI cfhIdI hY. jnrl ikafnI jld hI amrIkf dI PyrI `qy jfx vfly hn ijwQy AuhnF qoN ies ibafn bfry pwuiCaf jfxf cfhIdf hY.

          amrIkf aqy kYnyzf smyq bhuq sfry nyto dysL aPgfinsqfn ivwc afpxy sYNkVy POjI sLhId krvf cuwky hn aqy arbF Krc kr cuwky hn. amrIkf ny huxy 17000 hor POjI Byjx df aYlfn kIqf hY. kYnyzf dy 2500 POjI aPLgfn imsLn `qy qYnfq hn aqy 2011 qwk Kqry dy mUMh ivwc rihxgy. kYnyzf ny aPLgfn sLFqI imsLn aqy afriQk mdd `qy keI iblIan zflr Kricaf hY aqy sO `qoN vwD POjIaF dI sLfhdq vI idwqI hY. dUjy pfsy jy pfik srkfr qfilbfnF dI sfhrg bxI hoeI hY aqy dihsLqgrdI iKLlfPL lVfeI ivwc vI afpxy afp nMU BfeIvfl dwsdI hY qF ieh kurbfnIaF byVf pfr nhIN lMGf skdIaF. jd qwk pfiksqfn ivcoN ieslfimk kwtVpMQIaF dI mdd bMd nhIN huMdI aPLgfn sLfqI iek supnf hI bxI rhygI.

          ajy bIqy hPLqy hI pfiksqnI srkfr ny muMbeI hmilaF ivwc afpxy sLihrIaF dy hwQ hox dI gwl keI mhIny dI nFh-nukr ipwCoN kbUlI hY. ies qoN pfik srkfr mOky nMU bhuq clfkI nfl vrq rhI pRqIq huMdI hY. kdy dihsLqvfd iKlfPL krVfeI ivKfeI jFdI hY, kdy tfl-mtol aqy kdy smJOqy krn dI nIqI vrqI jFdI hY. svfq GftI ivwc qfilbfn nfl huxy hoieaf smJOqf vI iesy rOsLnI ivwc hI vyiKaf jfxf cfhIdf hY.

          svfl pYdf huMdf hY ik kI pfiksqfnI lok afpxI inwjI ajLfdI `qy qfilbfnI kwtVfd df zMzf kbUl kr lYxgy? awj jo kuJ svfq GftI jF vjLIrsqfn dy byabfd ielfky dy anpVH lokF `qy lfgU ho irhf hY kI EhI kuJ ieslfmfbfd, krfcI aqy lfhOr vrgy ivksq sLihrF dy pVyH ilKy lokF `qy vI lfgU krn dI koisLsL kIqI jfvygI? aqy ajyhI koisLs df nqIjf kI hovygf? kI ies nfl pfiksqfn ivwc aMdrUnI KfnfjMgI dI sLurUafq nhIN ho jfvygI aqy aYtmI hiQafrF df k bxygf?

-blrfj idEl

KLbrnfmf #493, PrvrI 20-2009

 


dyr afey drusq afey

pfik ny aKr swc kbUilaf

          nvMbr 2008 dy afKrI hPLqy muMbeI ivwc hoey KUMKfr dihsLqgrd hmly smyN hI dunIaF Br dy buwDIjIvIaF, KuPIaf eyjMsIaF aqy sPfrqI sUqrF ny pfik vwl AuNgl AuTfeI sI. jy Bfrq iekwlf ajyhf krdf qF pfik kol sLwk krn df kuJ aiDkfr, kuJ dyr qwk jLrUr sI ikAuNik pfik aksr dfavy krdf hY ik Bfrq hr dihsLqgrd hmly dI AuNgl hmysLf pfik vwl hI krdf hY. pr jd dunIaF dy jfxkfr hlky ies sfijsL dI jVH pfik ivwc smJdy sn, ies sLwk vfsqy keI sbUq vI pysL kr rhy sn aqy Bfrq ny lMbI qPLqIsL ipwCoN bhuq sfry Tos sbUq vI pfik hvfly kr idwqf sn qF ajyhI sLwk dI koeI guMjfiesL nhIN sI rihMdI. sLwk dI guMjfiesL ies leI vI nhIN sI bcdI ikAuNik ihMdosqfn ny pfik nfl sbMD suDfrn nMU qrjIh idwqI hoeI sI aqy pfik ivwc jmhUrI srkfr df svfgq vI kIqf sI aqy jmhUrI ZFcy dI siQrqf vI Bfrq dy hwk `c sI.

          pr pfik ny muuMbeI hmilaF bfry lgfqfr nFh-nuwkr vflf vqIrf bxfeI rwiKaf aqy Bfrq-pfik srhwd `qy POj dI iekqrPLf nklo hrkq vI vDf idwqI. POj kfrvfeI dy tfkry aqy aYtmI hiQafrF dI DmkI vI keI vfr idwqI geI. amrIkf, brqfnIaF, PrFs aqy rUs smyq dunIaF dy bhuq sfry dysLF ny pfik nMU aslIaq kbUlx vfsqy afiKaf pr pfik ny mYN nf mfnUM jfrI rwKI. pfik ny ies mfmly ivwc cIn-pwqf Kyzx dI vI pUrI koisLsL kIqI pr sPLlqf nf imlI.

          dunIaF Br dy mIzIey ny muMbeI hmilaF bfry Koj BrpUr rportF pysL kIqIaf aqy ajlm kfisb dy pfik siQq ipMz qwk df pqf lgfieaf aqy Aus dy bfp dy ibafn pysL kIqy pr pfik iPr vI nf mMinaF. pfik dy sfbkf pRDfn mMqrI sRI nvfj sLrIP ny ajlm kfisb dy ipMz dI surwiKaf dsiqaF vloN kIqI GyrfbMdI aqy Aus dy pfiksqfnI hox dI gwl jd kbUlI qF Aus nMU 24 GMty dy aMdr aMdr hI mukrn `qy mjbUr kr idwqf igaf sI. sLrIPL afpxy ibafn qoN mukrdy sfr hI zubeI rvfnf ho igaf. jfhr hY ik Auh afpxI shI-gulLqI dI Buwl bKsLfAuxI cfhuMdf sI aqy vDIaf qrIkf afeI[ aYs[ afeI[ nMU KusL krn vflf ibafn dfg ky kuJ dyr leI lFBy ho jfxf sI.

          amrIkn Auc aiDkfrIaF ny pfik df gyVy bMnI rwiKaf aqy brqfnvI pRDfn mMqrI ny qF pfik phuMc ky iek pRYs imlxI smyN rfsLtrpqI jLrdfrI dy nfl KV ky ieh afK idwqf ik dunIaF ivwc hox vflIaF 75% dihsLqgrd GtnfvF dIaF qfrF pfik nfl juVdIaF hn. busL pRDfngI dy afKrI mhIinaF dOrfn pfik ny sLfied ieh soc ky iqlkxbfjLI vflI nIqI apxfeI rwKI ik buwsL pRsLfsn koeI sKLq kdm lYx vflf nhIN hY aqy swqf qbdIlI amrIkf dI pihl hY. dunIaF ivwc pYdf hoeI afriQk mMdI ny vI spft-lfeIt pfik qoN cuwk ky afriQk mMdI `qy ilaf KVI kIqI ijs df amrIkf swB qoN vwD isLkfr sI.

          Ebfmf pRdfngI sLurU huMdy sfr hI Ebfmf ny aPgfinsqfn nMU afpxf muuwK Poks dwisaf aqy ies kMm vfsqy aPgfinsqfn ivwc amrIkn sYnf dugxI krn dy vfady `qy pihrf dyx df aYlfn kr idwqf.  aPgfinsqfn sLFqI imsLn amrIkf dI pRmuwKqf qF aYlfnI hI geI sI pr nfl hI Ebfmf ny aPgfinsqfn aqy pfiksqfn sbMDI nvIN phuMc apnfAux vfsqy amrIkf dy ircrz hOlbruk nMU afpxf ivsLysL eylcI nfmjd kr ky pfiksqfn aqy aPLgfinsqfn Byijaf.

          PrvrI 9 nMU jd pRDfn Ebfmf df Kfs eylcI ircrz hOlbruk pRDfn mMqrI iglfnI smyq pfiksqfnI nyqfvF nfl mulfkfqF kr irhf sI qF Ebfmf ny vfisLMgtn ivwc afpxI pRYs imlxI dOrfn ieh gwl Tok vjf ky afK idwqI sI ik Auh pfiksqfn nMU dihsLgrdF dI pnfhgfh nhIN bnx dyvygf. pfiksqfn nMU cyqfnvI idMidaF jo gwl pRDfn Ebfmf vfisLMgtn ivwc afK irhf sI sLfied Aus qoN ikqy vwD sKLq sunyhF Aus df eylcI pfik nyqfvF nMU pRYs aqy dunIaF dIaF njLrF qoN Ehly dy irhf hovygf. pRDfn Ebfmf dI pRDfngI agly cfr sfl cwlxI hY aqy dIvflIaf hox dy aYn iknfry pwujf pfiksqfn eynI lMbI lukx-mItI Kyzx dy Xog nhIN hY. pfik nMU amrIkf dI loV hY aqy amrIkf ny cxOqI bx cuwky ieslfimk dihsLqgrdF nMU kfbU krn dI TfxI hoxI hY. cIn vI pfik nfl bhuq dUr qwk cwlx dI hflq ivwc nhIN hY ikAuNik cIn afpxy musilm vwsoN vfly sUibaF ivwc ieslfimk kwtVqf PYlx qoN rokx dI koisLsL kr irhf hY.

          nFh-nukr vflf vqIrf Dfrn kr ky pfiksqn ny dunIaF ivwc afpxI sfK kmjLor kIqI hY. ies ivwc koeI sLwk nhIN hY ik dihsLqgrdI pfiksqfn dI slfmqI vfsqy vI KLqrf bx cuwkI hY. pr pfik srkfr aqy ies dIaF surwiKaf eyjMsIaaf ies nfl nijwTx vfsqy ajy iek mwq nhIN hn. Ebfmf vfeIt hfAus pfik nMU hfl dI GVI ieh smJfAux ivwc kfmXfb hoieaf hY ik dihsLqgrdI pfik dy afpxy ihwq ivwc nhIN hY aqy ies iKlfPL pfik nMU kfrvfeI krnI hI pvygI nhIN qF ieh kMm dunIaF dy hor dysLF nMU rlL ky krnf pvygf jo ik vDyry nuksfndfiek hovygf.

          ies mfmly ivwc pfik nMU dyr afey drusq afey kihxf qF bxdf hY pr ies gwl `qy qswlI kr lYxf kfPLI nhIN hY ik pfik ny shI phuMc apxf leI hY. jd afeI[ aYs[ afeI[ aqy POj ivcly kwtVpMQI smrQkF df dbfE viDaf qF pfik ipClKurI vI muV skdf hY. PYsly `qy kfiem rihx leI pfik afgU nMU qfVn aqy smrQn dovF dI hI loV hY.

-blrfj idEl, KLbrnfmf #492, PrvrI 13-2009

 


pIal puils dI kfrgujLfrI AuWqy lwgf pRsLnicMnH!

          bIqy aYqvfr nMU pIarsn kMnvYnsLn sYNtr ivwc Bfrq dy 60vyN gxqMqr idvs mOky pYnorfmf ieMzIaf vloN krvfieaf igaf ieMzIan mylf byhwd sPLl irhf hY. ies myly df afnMd mfnx vfsqy sfrf idn hjLfrF ieMzo-knyzIan pirvfrF smyq phuMcy aqy AuhnF vDIaf pRogrfm vfsqy pRbMDkF dI sLlfGf kIqI. rMg-brMgf mhOl, Bfrq dy vwK vwK sUibaF dy pihrfvy aqy lok nfc  ies myly df kyNdr bxy rhy. isafsI afgU vI vwzI igxqI ivwc ies myly dOrfn Bfrq dy gxqMqr idvs dI mubfrkbfd df sMdysL dyx puwjy.

          ijvyN dflL ivwc iek kokVU vI bysuafdI kr idMdf hY eysy qrF kuJ ku drjn ivKfvfkfrIaF ny ies mylLy ivwc bysuafdI pYdf krn dI koeI ksr nhIN CwzI. hYrfnI dI gwl hY ik muwTI Br ivKfvfkfrI ies bysuafdI nMU afpxI sPLlqf dws rhy hn. Bfrq dy kOmI JMzy nMU rsqy ivwc suwtxf aqy myly ivwc sLfml hox af rhy lokF nMU awDf awDf GMtf rokI rwKxf iksy qrF vI jfiejL nhIN Tihrfieaf jf skdf. ies sux aqy pVH ky vI hYrfnI huMdI hY ik kuJ lok ies gwl `qy KusLI df pRgtfvf kr rhy hn ik myly ivwc af rhy lokF nMU AuhnF Bfrq dy JMzy AuWqoN dI kfrF lMGfAux vfsqy mjbUr kIqf hY. jy lokF nMU mjbUr krn nfl hI ijwq huMdI hY qF iehnF swjxF nMU ies ijwq dI mbfrkbfd dyxI bxdI hY. ieh sfzI mubfrkbfd kbUl krn pr nfl hI mnuwKI hwkF dI AulMGxf dy ivroD df burkf Auqfr dyx aqy munwKI hwkF dI AulMGxf dy aflMbrdfr hoxf kbUl kr lYx.

          pMjfbI mIzIey ivwc ies Gtnf dI bhuq crcf hoeI hY aqy lokF ny vwzI igxqI ivwc ies Gtnf dI inKyDI kIqI hY.  iek do nMU Cwz ky pMjfbI mIzIey ny iek avfjL ivwc ies df ivroD kIqf hY. ivKfvf krnf jF ivroD krnf hr iksy df hwk hY pr ieh hwk Es hwd `qy Kqm ho jFdf hY ijwQy dUjy df nwk sLurU ho jFdf hY ikAuNik ies qoN awgy hwk dUjy df  sLurU ho jFdf hY. hwk mMgx dy nfm hyT dUijaF dy hwk Kohx nMU jfiejL nhIN afiKaf jf skdf aqy nf hI ies dI afigaf idwqI jf skdI hY. asIN ieh gwl afKx ivwc iblkul vI iJjk mihsUs nhIN krdy ik muTI Br ivKfvfkfrIaF ny afpxy ivKvy dy hwk dI durvrqoN kIqI hY ijs df sKLq noits lYxf bxdf hY.

          kI kfrn hY ik ajyhy ivKfvf krn vfsqy isrPL 2-4 drjn lok hI puwjy? kI kfrn hY ik bIqy keI sflF qoN ajyhy ivKfvy krn vfilaF dI igxqI ies hwd nMU nhIN twp skI? kI kfrn hY ik ieh lok afpxy nfl kuJ hor lokF nMU joVn ivwc ajy qwk kfmXfb nhIN hoey sgoN iehnF dI igxqI idnoN idn GtdI hI jf rhI hY? rfeI df phfV bhuqI dyr nhIN itwk skdf. ieh rwt lgfeI jfx nfl iswKF ny gulfm nhIN ho jfxf ik Bfrq ivwc iswK gulfm hn. lok ieh gwl jfx gey hn ik kuJ clfk lok iswKF dy gulfm hox dI rwt lgf ky afpxIaF cODrF kfiem kr rhy hn jF cODrF hfsl kr rhy hn. kuJ lok cIcI `qy cIr qoN ibnF hI ijLMdf sLhId bxy iPrdy hn aqy afpxy bwicaF nMU tIsI `qy phuMcfx vfsqy horF dy bwicaF dy BivK nMU pOVI dI qrF vrq rhy hn. ijhnF dy bwcy koeI ruqbf hfsl kr lYNdy hn AuhnF nMU iswKF dI kiQq gulfmI imMtF ivwc Buwl jFdI hY aqy AuhnF nMU mhfqmf gFDI swcmuwc mhfqmf gFDI aqy rfsLtr ipqf jfpx lwg pYNdf hY. ijhnF ny pOVI dy Auprly zMzy `qy njLrF vI rwKIaF hoeIaF hn qy bfb rya vrgy afgU df pRCfvF bxy iPrdy hn, Auh smF afAux `qy afpxf ichrf Cupf lYNdy hn qF ik afpxy BivK nMU koeI KLqrf nf KV jfvy.

          Bfrq aqy kYnyzf dy sbMD bhuq dosqfnf hn aqy afey idn gihry ho rhy hn. Bfrq aqy kYnyzf kudrqI dosq hn ijhnF dIaF rfjsI kdrF kImqF mylL KfdIaF hn. Bfrq aqy kYnyzf dUnIaF dIaF bhuq sfrIaF PormF ivwc sihXog krdy hn qF ik dunIaF ivwc rUl afPL lfa Bfv kfnMUn df rfj kfiem ho sky. afs kIqI jfxI cfhIdI hY ik Bfrq aqy kYnyzf dy dosqfnf sbMD hor mjLbUq hoxgy aqy muwTI Br lokF dIaF hrkqF df ies `qy koeI asr nhIN hovygf. knyzIan aiDkfrIaF nMU ies Gtnf df sKLq noits lYxf cfhIdf hY aqy BivK ivwc ajyhy pRbMD krny cfhIdy hn ijs nfl lok pUrI ajLfdI nfl ivcr skx aqy afpxI iewCf muqfibk smgm kr, krvf aqy ihwsf lY skx.

          duwK dI gwl ieh hY ik pIal puils mOky `qy phuMc qF geI sI pr lokF nMU pIarsn sYNtr ivwc vVHn ivwc af rhI musLkl df ZukvF hwl krn dI QF drsLk bx ky KVI rhI. kI tRYiPk nMU ies kdr rokI rwKxf  jfiejL ivKfvy dI pRIBfsLf hyT afAuNdf hY? kI BfrqpRsqF nMU Bfrq dy kOmI JMzy dy AuWqoN dI kfrF lMGfAux vfsqy mjbUr krnf jfiejL ivKfvy dI pRIBfsLf hyT afAuNdf hY? bIqy `c Bfrq ivwc kYnyzf dI vIjLf nIqI dy ivroD ivwc kuJ pRdrsLn hoey hn aqy BivK ivwc vI ajyhf vfpr skdf hY. jy Bfrq ivwc ivKfvfkfrI knyzIan aiDkfrIaF jF kYnyzIan sLihrIaF nMU kYnyzf dy JMzy dy AuWqoN dI kfrF lMGfAux vfsqy mjbUr krn qF asIN ajyhI kflLI krqUq df sKLq ivroD krFgy aqy sfnMU pUrI afs hY ik Bfrq srkfr aqy BfrqI puils drsLk bx ky KVI nhIN rhygI.

          pIal puils ny ies kiQq ros ivKfvy nMU XUnIan ipkt lfeIn df drjf idwqf hY ijs dI koeI quk nhIN bxdI. ijvyN XUnIan ipkt lfeIn `qy  aMdr af rhy stfPL nMU roikaf jFdf hY aqy Plfier idwqy jFdy hn, pIal puils ny ies nMU EhI drjf idwqf hY jo iksy qrF vI jfiejL nhIN hY. ivKfvfkfrIaF vloN jLlIl kIqy gey iek Bry-pIqy swjx ny KLbrnfmf nfl hfl dy aMdr gwlbfq kridaf ikhf ik ivKfvfkfrI pIal Kyqr nMU Kfilsqfn hI smJI bYTy hn aqy pIal puils Kfilsqfn dI puils df rol adf kr rhI hY. ies swjx ny ies gwl `qy vI ieqrfjL kIqf ik pIal puils dy kuJ aPLsr ivKfvfkfrIaF qoN grm cfh aqy kfPI kbUl kr rhy sn jd ik AuuhnF nMU pirvfrF smyq awDf awDf GMtf roikaf aqy jLlIl kIqf jf irhf sI.

          jy pIal puils ies gwl df ishrf afpxy isr `qy bMn ky hubdI iPry ik AuhnF ny koeI ihMsk kfrvfeI nhIN hox idwqI qF ieh inrI Buwl hovygI. ies df ishrf AuhnF lokF isr bwJdf hY ijhnF ny BfrI Auksfht dy bfvjUd sLFqI bxfeI rwKI aqy twkr lYx dI QF byjLqI shfrn nMU qrjIh idwqI. kuJ lok horF nMU zrfkl smJdy hoxgy pr ieh vI inrI Buwl hovygI. lokF df sbr Clk vI skdf hY aqy puils pRsLfsn nMU ies df iKafl rwKxf cfhIdf hY. ies mOky vwKvfdI ksLmIrIaF aqy KfilsqfnIaF dI sFJ df vI ijLkr hoieaf suixaF hY aqy kuJ gYr-BfrqIaF dI hfjLrI df vI pqf lwgf hY. aishxsLIlqf aqy Dfrimk kwtVvfd iksy vfsqy vI lfBkfrI nhIN ho skdf. ies Gtnf nfl pIal puils dI kfrgujLfrI aqy lokF dy hwkF dI rfKI leI bcnbwDqf `qy pRsLn icMnH lwgf hY ijs nMU njLraMdfjL nhIN kIqf jfxf cfhIdf.

-blrfj idEl

-KLbrnfmf #491, PrvrI 06-2009


musLkl smyN leI ZukvF bjt!

          Gwt igxqI hfrpr srkfr ny afpxf swB qoN mhwqvpUrn bjt pysL kr idwqf hY aqy pRmwuK ivroDI iDr, ilbrl pfrtI df smrQn hfsl krn ivwc vI kfmXfbI hfsl kr leI hY. dunIaF Br dI afriQkqf mMdhflI dy dOr `coN gujLr rhI hY aqy ajyhy mOky rfjsI siQrqf bhuq mhwqvpUrn huMdI hY ijs dI kYnyzf ivwc Gwt igxqI srkfr hox kfrn, ies smyN sKLq Gft hY. ies bjt `qy Gwt igxqI srkfr nfl pRmwuK ivroDI iDr dI sihmqI ho jfxf ies Gft nMU kuJ smyN vfsqy dUr krn ivwc shfeI hovygI ijs nfl afriQk ibhqrI vfsqy ZukvF mhOl pYdf krn ivwc jLrUr kuJ mdd imlygI. 

          mjUdf afriQk mMdI dy kfrn jF jVH kYnyzf ivwc nhIN hY aqy nf hI ieh knyzIan srkfrF dI iksy mMdBfgI nIqI jF glLqI nIqI df nqIjf hY. mMdI df vrqfrf globl jLrUr hY pr ies dI jVH amrIkf ivwc hY. AuNJ BfvyN ies mMdI df kfrn amrIkf dI aMdrUnI afriQk nIqI nMU dwisaf jf irhf hY ijs hyT bYNkF ny krjLy dyxy bhuq nrm kr idwqy sn. amrIkf ivwc bIqy keI sflF qoN GrF dIaF kImqF eynI qyjLI nfl vD rhIaF sn ik hr ivakqI ies dOV ivwc sLfml hox leI pwbF Bfr ho irhf sI. bYNkF dI nrm krjLf nIqI kfrn 0% zfAUn nfl vwzy vwzy krjLy lYxy sMBv ho gey sn ijs nfl GrF aqy hor ienvYstmYNt pRfprtIaF dI nklI loV pYdf ho geI sI. ies mOky df lfB isrPL 0% PfienfisMg vfilaF ny hI nhIN AuTfieaf sgoN inXmF nMU qoV mroV ky -0% PfienfisMg vfly vI muPLq ivwc GrF dy mflk bx gey sn aqy jd iksLqF nf dy sky qF afpxy muPLq ivwc KrIdy Gr bYNkF dy Kfqy ivwc Cwz ky cldy bxy.

          ieh kuJ hor iksm dy krijLaF dy mfmly ivwc vI vfpiraf ijs nfl amrIkf dIaF bYNkF Pyhl hoxIaF sLurU ho geIaF. amrkI bYNkF dy nfl ies nfl AuhnF ivdysLI bYNkF df vI nuksfn hoieaf ijhnF ny amrIkf ivwc sb-pRfeIm mfrgyjLF ivwc pYsf lgfieaf hoieaf sI aqy ies nfl afriQk mMdvfVy dI sLurUafq ho geI. ies mMdvfVy df kfrn isrPL amrIkf df bYNikMg sYktr hI nhIN hY sgoN ies ipwCy qyl dIaF rfqo rfq vDIaF kImqF vI hn jo 35 ku zflr bYrl qoN vwD ky 150 zflr bYrl qwk puwj geIaF sn. qyl dIaF eynIaF vDIaF kImqF nMU isafsI afgUaF ny kfbU krn df koeI Xqn nf kIqf ikAuNik ies nfl kuJ pRBfv rwKx vfly lok amIr ho rhy sn. kuJ lok jybF jLrUr Br gey pr iehnF kImqF ny afm sLihrIaF aqy kMpnIaF dIaF jybF KflI kr idwqIaF ijs df asr hr iksm dI KLpq `qy ipaf aqy KLpq Gtdy sfr hI jfbF tuwt geIaF. ies mMdI df iek krn amrIkf vloN bIqy 7 ku sflF ivwc ierfk ivwc KfdI mfr vI hY ijs `qy amrIkf df Krcf ivqoN vwD hoieaf hY.

          bIqy sfl dy aMq `qy amrIkf ivwc iek smF ajyhf vI afieaf sI jd amrIkf dI swB qoN vwzI bYNk istI bYNk dIvflIaf hox dy iknfry puwj geI sI. amrIkf srkfr ny istI bYNk nMU bcfAux vfsqy rfqo rfq 25 iblIan zflr idwqf sI aqy ies zuwbdI bYNk nMU bcf ilaf sI. ies bYNk dy zuwb jfx nfl amrIkf ivwc hfhfkfr mc jfxI sI aqy dunIaF Br `c afriQk mMdvfVf hor vI gihrf ho jfxf sI.

          ies afriQk mMdvfVy kfrn amrIkf ivwc hr iksm dI KLpq Gwt geI ijs df asr AuhnF dysLF `qy vI ipaf jo amrIkf nMU afpxf smfn vgYrf vycdy sn. amrIkf, kYnyzf df swB qoN vwzf vpfrk ihwsydfr dysL hY ijs kfrn kYnyzf dIaF kMpnIaF dy mfl dI ivkrI Gt geI aqy kYnyzf afriQk mMdI df isLkfr ho igaf.

          amrIkf smyq dunIaF Br dIaF srkfr ny ies mMdI nfl nijwTx vfsqy ivafjL drF GtfeIaF, tYks CotF idwqIaF aqy srkfrI Krc vDfieaf hY. kYnyzf srkfr ny vI eysy nIqI `qy clidaF bIqy sfl dy aMq ivwc bYNkF smyq vwK vwK KyqrF nMU ivwqI mdd idwqI sI aqy hux ies nIqI nMU jfrI rwKidaF vwzy Gfty df bjt pysL kIqf hY. ies df Bfv hY ik srkfr afpxI afmdn nfloN vwD Krc krygI qF ik afriQk mMdI df dOr, KLpq nMU vDf ky qoiVaf jf sky. KLpq vDfAux vfsqy srkfr ny vwK vwK KyqrF vfsqy ivwqI mdd df pRbMD kIqf hY. afs ieh hY ik KLpq dy vDx nfl jfbF AuplBd hoxgIaF ijs nfl lok suKfly hoxgy aqy srkfr nMU vwD tYks pRfpq hoxgy qy smF pf ky bjt sMqulq kr ilaf jfvygf.

          ivwq mMqrI vloN pysL kIqf igaf bjt agly ivwqI sfl vfsqy 34 iblIan zflr Gfty vflf bjt hovygf aqy agly pMj sflF ivwc srkfrI Gftf 85 iblIan zflr hovygf. srkfr nMU afs hY ik jy swB kuJ TIk rihMdf hY qF pMj sflF ivwc bjt srplws ivwc cly jfvygf. srkfr ny vwK vwK pRfjYktF vfsqy Krcf vDfAux dy nfl nfl tYksF ivwc ktOqI vI kIqI hY aqy ieh ktOqI 20 iblIan zflr dy brfbr dwsI jf rhI hY. tYksF ivwc ktOqI kr ky srkfr ieh 20 iblIan lokF dIaF jybF ivwc rwKxf cfhuMdI hY qF ik lok ieh DMn afpxIaF loVF muqfibk Krcx ijs nfl lokF dIaF loVF vI pUrIaF hox aqy KLpq ivwc vI vfDf hovy.

          ivwq mMqrI vloN pysL kIqy gey bjt muqfibk ies sfl kYnyzf srkfr dI vwK vwK sroqF qoN afmdn 224[9 iblIan zflr hovygI jd ik Krcf 258[6 iblIan zflr hovygf. afmdn tYks ivwc kIqI geI ktOqI nfl Gwt aqy drimany drjy dI afmdn vfly sLihrIaF nMU lfB hovygf. srkfr ny GrF dI rYnovysLn vfsqy vI tYks krYizt dyx df aYlfn kIqf hY jo ik sLlGfXog hY. bjt ivwc byrujLgr lokF vfsqy byrujLgfrI Bwqf 45 hPLqy qoN vDf ky 50 hPLqy krn df aYlfn vI kIqf igaf hY. cMgf huMdf jy srkfr byrujLgfr ho rhy sLihrIaF nMU ieh Bwqf pRfpq krn vfsqy sLrqF ivwc vI nrmI krdI aqy byrujLgfrI Bwqf lYx dy Xog hox vfsqy kOmI pwDr `qy ieksur nIqI Dfrn krdI. ies smyN AunrtyrIE smyq kuJ sUibaF ivwc ieh Bwqf pRfpq krn vfsqy vwD hPLqy kMm krn dI sLrq hY jd ik pUrbI sUibaF ivwc ieh sLrq nrm hY. byrujLgfr ho rhy sLihrIaF nMU mjUdf sLrqF hyT pihlf cYk pRfpq krn vfsqy 5 qoN 7 hPLqy lwg jFdy hn aqy vkysLn-pya afid imlx dI sUrq ivwc kuJ hPLqy ibnF Bwqy dy gujLfrny pYNdy hn jo ik do hPLqy dy lfjLmI vyitMg-tfeIm qoN ielfvf hn. iehnF sLrqF nMU vI nrm kIqy jfx dI loV sI jo nhIN  kIqf igaf. srkfr ajyhf kr skdI sI ikAuNik XU[ afeI[ PMz ivwc coKI mfieaf mjUd hY.

          ilbrl afgU ny ies bjt df mfmUlI sLrq `qy smrQn krn df aYlfn kIqf hY jo ik vyKx nMU bhuq vwzI jfpdI hY. AuhnF srkfr qoN iqmfhI awpzyt dI mMg kIqI hY ijs nMU hfrpr srkfr ny mnjUr kr ilaf hY. cMgf huMdf jy ilbrl pfrtI afpxf smrQn dyx bdly iqmfhI awpzyt dI QF byrujLgfrI Bwqf hfsl krn vfsqy Auprokq inXm nrm krn dI sLrq rwKdI ijs nMU hfrpr srkfr ny pRvfn kr lYxf sI. ies nfl byrujLgfrF nMU bhuq lfB ho skdf sI aqy AuhnF ilbrl pfrtI dy gux gfAuxy sn. pr aPLsos dI gwl hY ik pihlF ivq mMqrI sRI PLlYhrtI ny ies kMm nMU njLr aMdfjL kIqf aqy hux ilbrl pfrtI ny vI ies nMU njLraMdfjL kr idwqf hY. afm lokF dy nfm `qy vwzy XUnIanvfd df pwK pUrn vflI aYn zI pI vI ies aihm muwdy `qy KfmosL bYTI hY. afgU jYk lyatn ny bjt dy aMny ivroD df ruK apxfieaf hoieaf hY.

          kul imlf ky hfrpr srkfr df ieh bjt musLkl afriQk smyN vfsqy ZukvF bjt afiKaf jf skdf hY ijs df ilbrl pfrtI vI ivroD nhIN kr skI. ilbrl afgU ny ies bjt df smrQn kr ky shI phuMc apxfeI hY ijs dI sLlfGf kIqI jfxI cfhIdI hY.       

 -blrfj idEl

-KLbrnfmf #490, jnvrI 29-2009


bylgfm sLihrI srkfrF lokF dI kmfeI df KOa bx jfxgIaF

 

awj qoN 25-30 sfl pihlF iek vkq hoieaf krdf sI jd EntyrIE sUby ivwc sLihrI (imAuNspl) srkfrF dI imafd isrPL do sfl hI huMdI sI. istI kONslF nMU hr do sfl bfad lokF kol votF mMgx jfxf pYNdf sI ijs kfrn istI isafsqdfn iTkfxy rihMdy sn aqy bymuhfry tYks vfDy qoN guryj krdy sn. iPr sLihrI srkfrF dI imafd vDf ky iqMn sfl kr idwqI geI qy votrF dy guwsy df zr nrm pY igaf. ipClIaF coxF mOky istI srkfrF dI imafd iPr vDf ky cfr sfl kr idwqI geI ijs nfl hux istI kONslF cfr sfl lokF nfl mn mfnIaF krn vfsqy ajLfd ho geIaF hn. iehI kfrn hY ik hux mMdI afriQk hflq mOky vI lgfqfr tYks vfDf kIqf jf irhf hY aqy ieh iqMn sfl jfrI rhygf. cOQy sfl lokF dy awKIN Gwt pfAux vfsqy tYks vfDf nhIN kIqf jfvygf aqy lokF qoN votF mMgx vfsqy gwlL ivwc pwlf pf ilaf jfvygf.

istI srkfrF dI imafd cfr sfl ho jfx nfl jo siQqI pYdf ho geI hY Aus ivwc sLihrIaF dy ihwqF dI rfKI vfsqy nvIN qrkIb GVn dI loV hY. istI pwDr dy isafsqdfn eyny avysly aqy GumMzI ho gey hn ik AuhnF nMU lokF dIaF BFvnfvF dI pRvfh hI nhIN rhI. jy PYzrl aqy subfeI pwDr vwl njLr mfrIey qF srkfrF nMU iTkfxy rwKx vfsqy ivroDI pfrtIaF aihm rol adf krdIaF hn. srkfrI bjt `qy BKvIN bihs huMdI hY aqy srkfr izwg jfx dy zroN Gwt igxqI srkfr nMu ivroDI iDr dI sunxI pYNdI hY. bhu-igxqI srkfrF vI ivroDI iDr nfl kuJ sihmqI bnfAux nMU qrjIh idMdIaF hn qF ik sMsdI bihs mOky srkfr dI nIqI lok mfrU nf jfpy aqy ivroDI iDr nMU KuMzI kr ky rwiKaf jfvy.

istI srkfrF vwl vyKIey qF ivroDI iDr dI qkrIbn axhoNd vyKx nMU imldI hY. ikAuNik istI coxF rfjsI pfrtIaF nhIN lVdIaF ies leI istI kONslr afps ivwc iGAu iKcVI ho ky lokF dI Kwl Auqfrn qwk jfx lwg pey hn. hflq qF bhuqIaF istI kONslF dI ies qrF dI hI hovygI pr brYNptn istI kONsl ny qF afpxy lgfqfr dUjy tYks vfDy vfly bjt ivc ieh sfbq hI kr idwqf hY ik myar smyq kONsl dy sfry mYNbrF dy ihwq sFJy hn aqy tYksF dI mfr Kfx vfly sLihrIaF dI bFh PVn vflf koeI nhIN hY.

PYzrl aqy subfeI pwDr `qy lokF dy ihwqF dI rfKI krn vfsqy mIzIaf vI coKf rol adf krdf hY pr sLihrI srkfrF Kfs kr dysL dy iqMn-cfr vwzy sLihrF nMU Cwz ky bfkI brYNptn vrgy Coty sLihrF ivwc qF mIzIaf vI istI kONslF df pfxI Brn nMU vwD qrjIh idMdf hY. Coty sLihrF dy mIzIey ny sLihrIaF qoN kI lYxf hY? lYxf hY qF istI srkfrF aqy iblzrF qoN, ijhnF ny aYzF nfl mIzIey nMU invfjxf hY. ijs df idwqf Kfxf hY Aus nMU sLfbfsL afKxf hI pYNdf hY. iblzr aqy zvYlpr istI kONslF dy chyqy huMdy hn aqy sfrf kMm rlL iml ky krdy hn. iehnF nfl Coty sLihrF df muwK Dfrf df mIzIaf vI rlL jfvy qF lokF dy ihwq ZwTy KUh ivwc pY jfx vflI gwl hY.        

istI srkfrF dI nukqfcInI krn vfsqy nf ivroDI iDr aqy nf hI mIzIaf hY ijs kfrn tYks adf krn vfly sLihrIaF dy ihwqF df rwb hI rfKf hY. kuJ sLihrF ivwc ryt-pyarjL jF tYks-pyarjL nfm hyT kuJ jQybMdIaF bxIaF hoeIaF hn ijhnF nMU qkVf krn dI sKLq loV hY. ijwQy ajyhIaF jQybMdIaF nhIN hn AuWQy ajyhIaF jQybMdIaF bxfey jfx dI loV hY qF ik istI srkfrF `qy iksy iksm df kuMzf jLrUr hovy. jd sLihrI coxF df vkq afAuNdf hY qF AumIdvfr KuMbF vFg inkl afAuNdy hn pr awj lokF dI bFh PVn vflf koeI nhIN hY. jo lok istI kONslF ivwc jfx dI iewCf rwKdy hn AuhnF nMU cfhIdf hY ik Auh awj bfhr afAux aqy lokF dy ihwqF vfsqy KVn. awj loV hY lokF nMU rihnumfeI dI qy GumMzI istI kONslF aqy kONslrF dy pol Kohlx dI jo isafsI imlI Bugq nfl lokF dIaF jybF kwt rhy hn. brYNptn vrgf sLihrI ijs ivwc Gwt igxqI BfeIcfry mjfrtI dy nyVy puwj gey hn, ivwc Gwt igxqI iPrky pRmuwK rol adf kr skdy hn. brYNptn dI myar dy Audfly cfplUsF df groh iekwTf ho cuwkf hY aqy myar df sLihrI tYksF pRqI vqIrf jybF kwtx vflf hY. duwK dI gwl ieh hY ik sfrI brYNptn istI kONsl pRfprtI tYksF ivwc vfDy dy mfmly ivwc myar dy nfl iGE iKcVI hY. ies leI brYNptn dI istI kONsl dIaF kursIaF nMU Bfg lgfAux dy cfhvfnF nMU hux awgy afAuxf cffhIdf hY aqy ies GumMzI istI kONsl df bdl pysL krnf cfhIdf hY. ajyhy cfhvfn istI kONsl dy bfhr bYT ky ivroDI iDr vflf rol adf kr skdy hn qy Cfieaf istI kONslrF vFg ivcr skdy hn ijs nfl lok AuhnF nfl juVngy qy votF mOky AuhnF nMU Xfd rwKxgy. ieh hflq hor sLihrF dI vI ho skdI hY aqy AuhnF sLihrF dy sLihrI vI ies iksm dI phuMc apxf skdy hn.

Xfd rwKx vflI gwl hY ik brYNptn istI kONsl cuxy jfx ipCoN lgfqfr do vfr hr sfl qkrIbn 6[4% df tYks vfD kr cuwkI hY jo ik do sflF ivwc 13% dy krIb bxdf hY. pIal rIjn aqy skUl borz dy ihwsy ivwc hoieaf tYks vfDf vwKrf hY. ies dy nfl hI pfxI qy ibjlI afid dy ibwl vDy hn qy gfrbyjL afid syvfvF GtIaF hn jF AuhnF `qy kMzIsLnF qy ilmt lfgU hoeI hY. puwCxf bxdf hY ik lokF dI luwt df mfl ikwQy jFdf hY qy luwt ivwc eynf vfDf afriQk mMdvfVy dOrfn vI ikAuN ho irhf hY? EntyrIE Br ivwc lokF nMU dsMbr ivwc nvIN pRfprtI asYsmYNt ByjI geI hY ijs ivwc pRfprtI dIaF jo kImqF ivKfeIaF geIaF Auh mfrtIk izwgx ipwCoN ies asYsmYNt dy nyVy qyVy vI nhIN hn. lokF nMU pRfprtI tYks vfDy df tIkf ies asYWs kIqI geI kImq dy aDfr `qy lwgxf hY. istI srkfrF ny tYks vfDf vI kr ilaf aqy asYWsmYNt vfDf vI lfgU ho igaf ijs nfl AuhnF df gwPLf duwgxf ho igaf hY.

ikAuNik pRfprtI asYsmYNt df kMm subfeI adfry dy hyT hY ies leI istI kONslF ieh afK ky sLYqfnI nfl pwlf JfV rhIaF hn ik ieh subfeI muwdf hY. dsMbr ivwc pRImIar mgYNtI ny ikhf sI ik istI srkfrF nMU tYks inrDfrq krdy smyN ieh iKafl rwKxf cfhIdf hY ik asYsmYNt ivwc ivKfeIaF geIaF pRfprtI dIaF kImqF asl kImqF nhIN hn ikAuNik mfrkIt izwg cwukI hY. pr brYNptn smyq keI sLihrI srkfrF lokF nMU byrihmI nfl incoV `qy Auqr afeIaF hn ijs df ivroD kIqf jfxf cfhIdf hY. nhIN qF bylgfm sLihrI srkfrF lokF dI kmfeI df KOa bx jfxgIaF.

blrfj idEl

-KLbrnfmf #489, jnvrI 23-2009


 

eIsVU dIaF glLIaF  qoN eyarport roz qwk df sPr- dUisLq smfijk ZFcy dI blI ciVHaf

 

ies hPLqy BfrqI lok lohVI df iqEhfr mnf rhy hn aqy lohVI dy gIq gf rhy hn, lohVI dIaF lorIaF suxfeIaF jf rhIaF hn, lohVI dIaF vDfeIaF df adfn pRdfn kIqf jf irhf hY. lohVI ijs nUM bhuq sfry lokF ny ies hPLqf aMq `qy mnfAuxf hY, nUM BfgF vflf iqEhfr vI ikhf jFdf hY. ijnHF dy Gr iksy nvyN jIa ny jnm ilaf hY jF afpxy puwq poqy df ivafh kIqf hY jF iPr iksy hor pRkfr dI KusLI ny ivhVy kdm rwiKaf hY qF Auh lok bVy hI KusLiksmq hoxgy ijnHF ny ieh iqEhfr mnfieaf hovygf jf mnf rhy hoxgy.  ieh iqEhfr qF pihlF vI mnfieaf jFdf irhf hY, ieh iqEhfr qF EdoN vI mnfieaf igaf hovygf jdoN bdBfgx imsIsfgf dy mfltn ivwc kql hoeI amndIp dy bfp df jnm hoieaf hovygf. ieh iqEhfr qF AudoN vI mnfieaf igaf hovygf jdoN amndIp dI mF nUM Aus df ipqf ivafh ky ilafieaf hovygf. amndIp dy dfdf dfdI nUM vDfeIaF imlIaF hoxgIaF, Gr ivwc KusiraF ny kuwK sulwKxI hox dIaF asIsF vI idwqIaf hoxgIaF aqy BMzF ny vylF vI vDfeIaF hoxgIaF. mF dI kuwK sulwKxI hoeI hovygI qF amndIp nF dI lVkI ny jnm ilaf hovygf. amndIp dy jnm qoN bfad mF bfp ny afpxI DI dy pflx posx ivwc koeI ksr nhIN CWzI, cMgI qflIm duafeI aqy afpxI DI dIaF KusLIaF nUM pUrI krn dI hr sMBv koisLs kIqI. afpxI bwcI df BivwK bxfAux leI bfhroN gey iek axjfx ivakqI nfl ivafh kr idwqf igaf. cfvF mlfrF nfl sflU ivwc lpyt ik aijhy dys vwl qor idwqf igaf ijnHF rfhF dI amndIp nUM koeI sfr nhIN sI. iewk puwqr nUM jnm idwqf Auh vI Gr dIaF mjLbUrIaf kfrn afpxy kol nf rwiKaff.  jdoN mF bfp ny afpxI DI nUM kYnyzf leI jhfjL ivwc cfiVHaf hoxf EdoN AunHF dy idmfg ivwc ieh gwl kdI vI nhI afeI hoxI ik lfzF nfl pflLI DI `qy aijhf smF vI afvygf ik Aus dI afKrI afvfjL suxn vflf vI Aus dy kol koeI nhIN hovygf aqy Aus dI avfjL iewk grOsrI stor dIaF kMDF ivwc hI dwb ky rih jfvygI. asIN Aus bwcI, Aus mF-bfp dI lfzlI DI aqy Aus axBol bwcy dI mF amndIp dI gwl kry hF ijs df pihlI jnvrI nUM kql ho igaf jdoN ik lok nvyN sfl dy jsLn mnf rhy sn.

ieh kql iks ny kIqf sfzf awj df ivsLf ieh nhIN hY. sfzf mMqv qF AunHF burfeIaF nUM Prolxf hY jo lVkIaF dy ies qrHF dy ho rhy kqlF dy ipwCy hn. ies ivwc koeI do rfvF nhIN hn ik pMjfb qoN afey 60% qoN vwD mF bfp BYx Brf lVkIaF ny hI spONsr kIqy hn. pMjfb dI muzIr qF pVfeI ilKfeI df nF nhIN lYNdI isrP lVkIaF hI pVHdIaF hn aqy ieDroN jdoN koeI pihlI PylH vI pMjfb ivafh krvfAux jFdf hY qF nfl kYynyzf lwgf dyK ky mfpy dUhrI soc ivwc kYd ho jFdy hn. iek qF ieh ik sfzI kuVI cMgy dys ivwc clI jfvygI aqy dUsrf bfad ivwc sfry twbr nUM mMgvf lvygI. irsLqy ieMnI kfhlI ivwc kIqy jFdy hn ik iewk dUsry nUM smJx df smF hI nhIN imldf. Jwt mMgxI, pwt ivafh kr idwqf jFdf hY. Aumr aqy pVfeI dy imafr ivwc aMqr byjoV irsLiqaF nUM jnm idMdy hn. ies qoN ielfvf irsLiqaF ivwc kuVwqx df kfrn bhuq vfrI spONsrI hI bxdI hY ies df sMqfp DIaF nUM vwD Bogxf pYNdf hY. bhuq vfrI mfpy afpxI DI dy duKF nUM jfxdy vI kuJ nhIN krdy jF keI vfr kuJ kr skx dy smrQ vI nhIN huMdy. keI mfpy aqy DIaF aijhIaF vI dyKx nUM imlIaF hn  jo ik kMm bxn qwk nwp Gut ky rihx vflf rfsqf aKiqafr kr lYNdIaF hn. pr keI lVkIaF aijhy pRIvfrF dy iskMjLy ivwc vI Pws jFdIaf hn ijs pRIvfr dIaF nIhF lflc `qy KVIaF huMdIaF hn aqy njLrF pYsy `qy hI itwkIaF hoeIaF huMdIaF hn. aijhy muMzy vfly pRIvfr lVkIaF df sLosLx qF krdy hI hn nfl lVkI dy pRIvfr nUM vI cYn dI nINd nhIN sOx idMdy. bfhr irsLqy krn dy lflc ivwc byjoV ivafh hoxy kudrqI hn aqy ienHF ivafhF dy nqIjy sfhmxy afAux nUM dyr nhIN lgdI aqy iPr aijhIaF GtnfvF vfpr jFdIaF hn jo BfeIcfry dy nF `qy Dwby lfAuNdIaF hn. byjoV irsLiqaF dI BwTI ivwc iekwlIaF lVkIaF hI nhIN BuwjdIaF, muMzy vI brfbr Buwjdy hn bysLk igxqI BfvyN kuVIaF qoN Gwt hovy.. Bruwx hiwqaF dy ruJfn df vDx df kfrn vI ieh hY ik lVkIaF dy mfpy iewk qF lVkIaF dy mihMgy ivafh krn qoN asmrQ ho jFdy hn qy lVky vfilaF dIaF mMgF pUrIaF nhIN kr skdy aqy dUsrf sfrI Aumr DI df duwK nhIN dyK skdy huMdy. ienHF sqrF dy lyKk ny iek vfrI iewk nfmI jQydfr nUM pwuiCaf ik jQydfr jI qusIN hmysLf kuVIaF dI vkflq krdy ho aqy kuVIaF hwk ivwc hmysLF hfa df nfhrf mfrdy ho pr quhfzy koVmy dy iksy vI twbr ivwc iewk vI lVkI nhIN hY qF jQydfr awgoN hws ky kihx lwgf ik Eey asIN ikhVf kuVIaF nUM jQydfrnIaF bxfAuxf hY, muMzy hoxgy qF sfzIaF jQydfrIaF sMBflxgy. awgy kihMdf kuVI vfilaF nUM qF sfrI Aumr mMuzy vfilaF dy imMnqF qrly hI krny pYNdy af. agr sfzI kOm dy jQydfrF dI socxI ieh hY qF iPr afm lokF kI kr skdy hn. sfzI kOm df qF ieh hfl ik iewk isr kwZ jQydfrnI `qy afpxI DI nUM kql krn df dosL lgdf hY aqy iek qKq dy jQydfr `qy  afpxI nUMh nUM mfrn df. aihm ivakqIaF dIaF kIqIaF BuwlF keI vfrI afm lokF nUM aijhy iGnOxy krm krn leI AuqsLfihq krdIaF hn ijnHF dy iswty bhuq iBafnk inkldy hn. ies qoN ielfvf agr trONto dy Kyqr ivwc hI njLr mfr leI jfvy qF quhfnUM kOm dy bhuq sfry mohrI aijhy imlxgy ijnHF dy GrIN bwcIaF ny iklkfrIaF nhIN mfrIaF hoxgIaF aqy Auh vkflq hmysLF lVkIaF dI hI krngy. sfzy lIzrF dI kihxI aqy krnI ivwc jLmIn asmfn df Prk hY. afm ikhf jFdf hY ik ijs dy Gr DI nhI, AunHF nUM DI dy dwuK df nhIN pqf, ieh pwQr `qy lkIr hY. DIaF dIaF lohVIaF qF asIN mnfAux lwg pey hF, cMgf vrqfrf hY pr nfl dI nfl kuwKF ivwc mr rhIaF aqy ijhVIaF kwuKF ivwc mrn qoN bwc geIaF, AunHF leI asIN kuJ kr vI rhy hF ik nhIN. ijsmfnI qOr qy mrd nfl kmjLOr aOrq nUM jIAux df hwk aqy qrIkf aqy smJfAux, dfj dhyj vrgIaF lfhnqF qoN bcfAux leI koeI kdm cuwk vI rhy ik nhIN, jvfb iblkul nFh ivwc hY.

ivcfrn vflI gwl ieh hY ik irsLIaF, munIaF, pIrF-PkIrF qy gurUaF `qy mfx krn vflf ieh kYsf smfj hY ijwQy iksy Dfrimk sQfn dI iewk iewt AuWKV jfx `qy qlvfrF qy qrsLUl iBVn lwg jFdy ny, qy ijwQy PslF df AujfVf krdIaF iPrdIaF avfrf gfeIaF dy sotI vwjx `qy qrQwlI mcf idwqI jFdI hY, pr gfAUaF vrgIaF DIaF nUM dfh dhyj vrgIaF icMbVIaF ibmfrIaF df ielfj ienHF DrmF dy TykydfrF kol vI nhIN hY sgoN sfzy lIzrF qF Kud muMizaF nUM dfj ivwc kfrF mMgx dIaF nsIhqF idMdy suxy gey hn. Dfrimk sQfnF `qy  so ikAu mMdf afKIaY ijqu jMmih rfjfn df vfk vfr vfr duhfrfAux nfl ienHF msilaF df hwl nhIN hoxf. jo awj lVkIaF df sosLx aqy kql huMdy hn, Auh sfzy kohVI smfj dI hI dyx hY ijs ivwc vwty swty dIaF sLfdIaF, byjoV irsLqy, dfj dhyjL, lflc, irsLqy krn leI mjLLbUr krnf, spONsrI afid sLfiml hY aqy ies leI koeI hor qIsrf ijMmyvfr nhIN hY. ijMmyvfr isrP sfzf ivgiVaf aqy dUisLq smfijk ZFcf hY ijs ivwc suDfr dI loV  hY, nhIN qF amndIp vrgIaF DIaF smfijk kohVF dI blI cVHdIaF hI rihxgIaF aqy ax-jMmIaF kuwKF ivwc mrdIaF hI rihxgIaF.

prmjIq sMDU

-KLbrnfmf #488, jnvrI 16-2009


ksfb dI nfgirkqf dy ivvfd kfrn ksUqy Psdy jf rhy ny pfik afgU!

          muMbeI hmilaF dOrfn igRPLqfr kIqy gey ieko iek dihsLqgrd ajml ksfb dI nfgirkqf dy ivvfd nUM lY ky pfiksqfnI afgU bhuq ksUqy PLsdy jf rhy hn. ies gwl `qy hYrfnI huMdI hY ik ajlm kfsb df pfiksqfnI sLihrI hoxf nf mMnx ipwCy pfiksqfn srkfr aqy pRsLfsn dI qrkIb sI aqy ajyhf sfbq kr ky pfiksqfn nMU kI hfsl hoxf sI? muMbeI hmilaF ivwc jy kr sfry 10 hmlfvr dihsLqgrd mfry vI jFdy qds vI pfiksqfn vfsqy ieh sfbq krnf musLkl ho jfxf sI ik hmlfvr pfiksqfnI nhIN sn jF pfiksqfn ivwc isKlfeI pRfpq nhIN sn. jy ajml kfsb kfsb mfiraf jFdf qd vI Aus dI imRqk dyh dI qsvIr jfrI kIqI jfxI sI aqy kfsb dy njLdIkIaF ny pfiksqfn ivwc ieh sqvIr iksy nf iksy mIzIaf sroq `qy vyK lYxI sI aqy pCfx ho jfxI sI. hux qF kfsb ijLMdf PiVaf igaf hY aqy Aus dy ibafn Bfrq qoN ielfvf amrIkf dI qPLqIsLIaf eyjLMsI aYPL bI afeI ny vI klmbMd kr ley hn. kfsb qoN ielfvf bcdy 9 imRqk dihsLqgrdF dIaF qsvIrF aqy nfm jMqk kr idwqy gey hn aqy ies ivc kjoeI msMdyh nhINhoxf cfhIdf ik AuhnF dI pCfx isrP Bfrq aqy amrIkf ny hI nhIN  kr leI sgoN pfiksqn srkfr AuhnF adfiraF ny vI kr leI hY ijhnF df dihsLqvfd nMU AuBfrn ivwc hwQ nhIN hY. jo dihsLqgrdF nMU isKlfeI dy ky ajyhy kfry krn Byjdy hn Auh qF swB kuJ pihlF hI jfxdy hn.

          hux pfiksqfn ies mfmly ivwc ipClKurI muV irhf pRqIq huMdf hY. buwDvfr nMU pfiksqfn dy rfsLtrI surwiKaf slfhkfr mihmUd alI durfnI ny kfsb df pfiksqfnI hoxf kbUl kIqf qF pfik pRDfn mMqrI iglfnI sKLq KLPf ho gey aqy Auhnf durfnI nMU ahudy qoN hI brKfsq kr idwqf. pRDfn mMqrI iglfnI ny ijLE inAUjL cYnl nMU ikhf ik durfnI vwloN idwqy 'gYr-ijLMmyvfrfnf' ibafn nfl pfiksqfn dy aks nUM Dwkf lwgf hY. ies Gtnf nMU ajy 24 GMty vI nhIN sn bIqy ik pfiksqfn sn ik sUcnf mMqrI sLYrI rihmfn aqy pfiksqfn dy ivdysL ivBfg dy bulfry muhMmd sfidk ny vI ajml ksfb dy pfiksqfnI nfgirk hox dI pusLtI kr idwqI. AuDr pfiksqfn dy sfbkf mMqrI aMsfr brnI ny vI pfiksqfn srkfr infnf bxfAuNidaF ikhf hY ik muMbeI hmilaF `c fml doI aml kfsb dI nfgirkqf dy mfmly `qy ijs qrHF pfiksqfn srkfr dI BMzI hoeI hY, Aus krky gRih mMqrfly dy muKI rihmfn milk qurMq asqIf dyxf cfhIdf hY. sRI brnI ny ieh do vI lfieaf ik pfik srkfr dI mfVI kfrgujLfrI sfbq krdI hY ik kuJ pfiksqfnI aiDkfrI insicq qOr `qy muMbeI hmilaF dy aprfD ivc fml hn. sRI brnI muqfibk aml dy ipMz geI iek tIm ny ies gwl dI putI kIqI sI ik Auh pfiksqfnI nfgirk hY aqy brnI muqfibk hux Aus dy mfqf ipqf ipMz ivcoN lfpqf hn. sMBv hY ik bcdy 9 imRqk dihsLgrdF dy mfpy vI afpxy GrF qoN lfpqf (afsy pfsy) kr idwqy gey hox qF ik gvFz ivwc Gusrmusr nf hovy aqy mfmlf prYs qwk nf awpV jfvy.

          aMsfr brnI TIk EhI kuJ hY ikhf hY jo Bfrq dy pRDfn mMqrI zfktr mnhohn isMG afK cuwky hn aqy ijs `qy pfik srkfr ny nrfjLgI pRgt kIqI sI. ajyhf kuJ pihlIO vfr nhIN ikhf igaf sgoN amrIkf aqy brqfnIaF dy bhuq sfry AuWc aiDkfrI ijhnF ivwc brqfnvI prDfn mMqrI vI sLfml hn afp pfiksqfn jf ky pfik srkfr nMU sfhmxy KV ky afK cuwky hn. pfik dOry `qy gey amrIkf dy shfiek ivdysL mMqrI ircrz bfAUcr vI pfik srkfr nMU akl qoN kMm lYx dI slfh dy cwuky hn. pr rfsLtrpqI jLrdfrI ny bIqy kwl hI ieh afiKaf hY ik kfsb dy pfik nfgirk hox bfry Bfrq vloN idwqy gey sbUq kfPLI nhIN hn. hux pRDfn mMqrI XUsLP rjLf iglfnI df ibafn afieaf hY ik mMubeI hmilaF bfry Bfrq vloN idwqy gey sbUqF dI jFc ivc pRgqI hoeI hY.  jfpdf hY ik pfiksqfnI afgUaF nMU koeI puqlIaF vfG ncf irhf hY ijs kfrn Auh imMt imMt bfad ibafn bdl rhy hn aqy afpxy hI buxy mkV jfx ivwc AulJdy jf rhy hn.                                     

-blrfj idEl,

KLbrnfmf #487, jnvrI 09-2009

 


Bfrq kuJ hor sbr kry!

pfik-amrIkf pROksI XuwD qF kd df sLurU ho cuwkf hY!!

          muMbeI `qy 26 nvMbr nMU hoey dihsLqgrd hmly kfrn Bfrq ivwc BfrI roh pfieaf jf irhf hY aqy Bfrq qy pfiksqfn ivckfr ksLIdgI vDI hY. kuJ idn qF hflq jMg vflI bxdI jf vrgI sI jo hux tlL geI jfpdI hY. Bfrq ivwc kyNdrI coxF df ivglu vwjx vflf hox kfrn ivroDI iDr Bfjpf, mOky dI srkfr nMU Gyrn vfsqy kuJ grm nIqI aKiqafr kr rhI hY aqy kFgrs ies dy mukfbly ivwc afp vI kuJ grm phuMc apxfAuNdI njLr afeI hY. muMbeI vrgy vwzy dihsLqgrd hmly aqy lokF dIaF BVkIaF hoeIaF BfvnfvF kfrn ajyhf kudrqI sI pr kuwl imlf ky Bfrq dI phuMc ijMLmyvfrfnf rhI hY. ivdysL mMqrI sRI muKrjI df swB ivklp Kuwly hn (afl afpsLnjL afr Epn), kuJ grmI vDfAux vflf jLrUr sI pRDfn mMqrI zf: mnmohx isMG ny agly idn hI ies nMU ieh afK ky nrm kr idwqf sI ik Bfrq XuwD nhIN cfhuMdf aqy afriQk qrwkI jfrI rwKx nMU qrjIh idMdf hY.

          XuwD dI gwl nf kr ky aqy BfrqI POjF nMU srhwdF vwl nf qor  ky Bfrq ny dunIaF df Brosf ijwiqaf hY aqy dUjy pfsy pfiksqfn ny dihdsLqgrdF dy pfiksqfnI hox qoN vfr vfr mukr ky aqy aPLgfn bfrgr qoN htf ky keI zvIjLn POj BfrqI bfrzr `qy qYnfqI vfsqy Byj ky dunIaF ivwc afpxf Brosf Gtfieaf hY. Bfrq afpxIaF POjF nMU cOks rwKx qwk hI sImq irhf hY jo ik iek vjLndfr phuMc hY. ieh TIk hY ik muMbeI vrgy kFz Bfrq nMU jMg vfsqy AuksfAux vfly hn aqy aksr Bfrq ivwc aqy bfhr ajyhy lok hn jo ieh jfnxf cfhuMdy hn ik Bfrq  ajyhy hmilaF df ikvyN tfkrf krygf? cuwp bYTxf vI ies df hwl nhIN hY aqy cwup bYTxf Bfrq dI kmjLorI smJI jf skdI hY.

          muMbeI hmilaF dI ipwT BUmI ivwc Bfrq dI sMsd `qy hoieaf hmlf, afey idn Bfrq ivwc ho rhy hor Coty-moty dihsLqgrd hmly, ksLmIr aqy pMjfb ivwc dihsLgrdF lihrF nMU pfiksqfn vloN idwqI jFdI mdd qy Auksfht vI awKoN proKy nhIN kIqI jf skdI. ksLmIr aqy pMjfb ivwc pfiksqfn lgfqfr Bfrq iKlfPL iek pROksI XuwD lV irhf hY ijs nfl Bfrq df bhuq nuksfn ho cuwkf hY. ksLmIr pihlF nfloN sLFq hY aqy huxy hoeIaF coxF ivwc dihsLqgrdF dy bfeIkft dI pRvfh nf kridaF 62% lokF vloN votF pfAux afAuxf BfrqI jmhUrqIaq dI ijwq hY.

          ijwQy Bfrq vloN pfiksqfn dI dihsLqgrdF pRqI nrm nIqI iKlfPL sKLq phuMc apnfAux df hr kfrn mjUd hY AuWQy smyN dI njLfkq nMU pihcfxidaF kuJ hor sbr krn vfsqy vI hr kfrn mjUd hY.

          pfiksqfn dI KuPIaf eyjMsI afeI aYWs afeI aqy POj dI imlI Bugq nfl cwl rhIaF ieslfimk kwtV pMQI jQybMdIaF dIaF dihsLqgrd kfrvfeIaaF hux Bfrq qwk hI sImq nhIN hn sgoN hux amrIkf smyq dunIaF dy keI pRmuwK dysL ies df isLkfr ho rhy hn. pfiksqfn aqy aPLgfinsqfn ivwc isKlfeI pRfpq dihsLqgrd Bfrq qoN ielfvf rUs, brqfnIaF, spyn, ieMzonysLIaf, cIn dy musilm abfdI vfly sUibaF aqy hor dysLf ivwc dihsLgrd hmilaF nMU aMjfm dy cuwky hn aqy amrIkf df 9/11 kFz ies dI muwK Audfhrx hY. aPLgfinsqn ivwc dihsLqgrd isKlfeI kyNdr BfvyN hux qkrIbn alop ho cuwky hn pr pfiksqfn ivwc ieh ajy vI mjUd hn aqy dunIaF ies qwQ qoN vfkPL hY.

          aPLgfinsqn ivwc amrIkf aqy kYnyzf smyq keI nyto dysLF dIaF 65,000 qoN vwD POjF, qfilbfn kwtVpMQIaF aqy al-kfiedf dy dihdsLqgrdF iKLlfP lV rhIaF hn aqy amrIkf sfl 2009 ivwc afpxIaF POjF dI igxqI ivwc 30,000 df vfDf krn jf irhf hY. kYnyzf ijs dy 2500 aPLgfinsqfn dy kMDfr sUby ivwc qYnfq hn hux qwk  104 POjI jvfnF dI sLhfdq dihsLqvfd iKlfPL lVfeI ivwc dy cwukf hY.

          aPLgfn imsLn vfsqy qYnfq nYto dysLF dIaF POjF vfsqy 75 splfeI pfiksqfn dI krfcI bMdrgfh qoN jLmInI rsqy ipsLfvr huMdI hoeI aPLgfinsqfn phuMcdI hY. jd 26 nvMbr vfly hPLqy dOrfn dunIaF diaF njLrF muMbeI kFz `qy lwgIaF hoeIaF sn qF pfiksqfn ivwc qfilbfn kwtVpMQI aqy al-kfiedf smrQk dihsLqgrd ipsLfvr rsqy amrIkn qy nYto POj leI ByjI jf rhI spflfeI dy kfPLly nMU insLfnf bxf ky ies nMU qbfh kr rhy sn. rportF muqfibk iehnF dihsLqgrd hmilaF ivwc amrIkf dI POj vfsqy Byjy gey 300 dy krIb smfn nfl lwdy trwk qbfh kr idwqy gey sn. ajyhy splfeI kfPilaF `qy pihlF vI CotI pwDr `qy hmly ho cuwky hn pr jo kuJ nvMbr dy aMq aqy dsMbr dy pihly hPqy vfpiraf hY Auh amrIkf nMU JMjoV ky rwK dyx vflf hY.

          amrIkf 30 hjLgfr hor POjI Byj irhf hY aqy amrIkn POj nMU hor splfeI dI loV hY pr splfeI vfsqy ieh rsqf afrjLI qOr `qy bMd kr idwqf igaf hY. dihsLqgrdF dy zr kfrn pfiksqfnI trFsportr aqy trwk zrfievr hux amrIkn POjI splfeI Zox qoN sfPL ienkfr kr rhy hn. pfiksqfn ny iehnF kfPLilaF vfsqy POjI surwiKaf  vDFAux dI vI gwl khI hY pr ies nfl vI trFsport amlf sMqusLt nhIN hY. amrIkf dy BfrI dbfE hyT pfiksqfn ny drf-KYLbr dy Kyqr ivwc iek vwzf ivwc ilntrI aprysLn sLurU kIqf hY ijs df mksd ies Kyqr ivwc bxy dihsLqgrdF dy awzy qbfh krnf hY. ieh sqrF ilKy jfx qwk imlI jfxkfrI muqfibk pfiksqfn ny keI ajyhy awzy qbfh krn aqy 40 dy krIb dihsLqgrd PVn df dfavf vI jIqf hY.

          splfeI kfPLilaF `qy hoey iehnF hmilaF qoN ielfvf jo XUwD aPLgfinsqfn ivwc cwl irhf hY Auh vI mfhrF muqfibk pfiksqfn `coN iml rhI mdd dy shfry hI cwl irhf hY. ieslfimk kwtVpMQI Bfrq, amrIkf, aPLgfinsqfn aqy amrIkf dy hor imwqr dysLF dy iKlfPL hI nhIN lV rhy sgoN Auh pfiksqfn dy lokF, pfiksqfn dy isafsI afgUaF aqy srkfr vfsqy vI KLqrf bxy hoey hn. bynjLIr Buwto df kql ies dI spsLt Audfhrx hY. rfsLtrpqI jrdfrI ieh gwl mMn cuwky hn ik pfik ies kYNsr qoN pIVHq hY pr Auh ies iKlfPL afpxy ZMg nfl lVnf cfhuMdy hn. nf qF Auh afpxI pqnI bynjLIr vflf aMq cfhuMdy hn aqy nf hI nvfjL sLrIPL vflf aqy ies Gyry dy aMdr aMdr kI kI kr skdy hn ieh iek vwzf svfl hY.

          pfik ies gwl qoN bhuq qVipaf sI ik Bfrq dihsLqgrd kYNpF `qy srjIkl hvfeI hmly kr skdf hY jF ies bfry soc irhf hY. amrIkf, pfiksqfn dI DrqI `qy ajyhy srjIkl hvfeI hmly afey idn krdf rihMdf hY. ajy kwl hI pfiksqfn dy srhwdI Kyqr ivwc iek pfielt-rihq amrIkI zrUn hmly ivwc 3 sLwkI dihsLqgrd hlfk ho gey hn. pfiksqfn amrIkf qoN 10 iblIan qoN vwD dI mdd lY cuwkf hY aqy hux amrIkf dI mdd nfl 6-7 iblIan zflr hor krjLf lYx ivwc kfmXfb hoieaf hY. cIn ny vI pfik nMU ies hPqy 500 imlIan zflr dyx df vfadf kIqf hY qF ik pfik afriQk sMkt tflL sky. dUjy pfsy Bfrq keI aOkVF dy bfvjUd qrwkI dIaF mMjLlF sr kr irhf hY aqy XuwD df ibgul ies nMU puwTf gyVf dy skdf hY. Bfrq nMU kuJ hor sbr krnf cfhIdf hY ikAuNik pfik-amrIkf pROksI XuwD qF kd df sLurU ho cuwkf hY. hux Bfrq iekwlf  nhIN hY, dunIaf ieslfimk kwtVvfd aqy pRmfxU bMb dovF qoN hI sKLq icMquq hY.                                            

-blrfj idEl,

KLbrnfmf #486, jnvrI 02-2009

hux qwk KLbrnfmf dI vYWb sfeIt nUM pfTk vyK cuwky hn

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