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ਅਖ਼ਬਾਰ ਪੜ੍ਹਨ ਲਈ ਪੰਜਾਬੀ  ਫਾਂਟ ਇੱਥੋਂ ਡਾਊਂਨਲੋਡ ਕਰ

 

 

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isafsq qoN pRyrq hY sdfm husyn nMU PFsI dI sjLf df PYslf!

 

          sdfm husyn nMU trfiel jwj ny ies sfl 5 nvMbr nMU mOq dI sjLf idwqI sI ijs iKlLfPL Aus dy vfkIlF ny ierfk dI AuWc adflq ivwc apIl dfier kIqI sI. apIl tribAUnl ny sdfm dI apIl 26 dsMbr nMU nf mnjLUr kr idwqI hY aqy trfiel jwj vwloN idwqI mOq dI sjLf `qy mohr lgf idwqI hY. apIl tribAUnl ny ieh vI afK idwqf hY ik ieh sjLf 30 idnF dy ivwc ivwc kdy vI idwqI jf skdI hY aqy ies vfsqy hor  koeI apIl nhIN ho skdI. ieh vI ikhf igaf hY ik ies vfsqy sdfm kol ierfkI pRDfn jlfl qlbfnI kol rihm dI apIl krn df vI hwk nhIN hY. jlfl qlbfnI ierfk dy kurd BfeIcfry nfl sbMDq hY aqy mOq dI sjLf df sdf ivroD krdf irhf hY. qlbfnI iksy nMU vI mOq dI sjLf idwqy jfx dy iKlfP hY. hux ieh ikhf jf irhf hY ik qlbfnI kfnUMnI arcx tflx vfsqy mOq dI sjLf `qy srsrI njLrsfnI krn dI ijLmyvfrI afpxy do Aup rfsLtrpqIaF ivwcoN iksy iek nMU sONp skdf hY. jF Aus dI njLrsfnI dI koeI loV hI nhIN hY.

          ierfk dy pRDfn mMqrI sRI al-mlIkI sdfm nMU Pfhy lgAux vfsqy bhuq dyr qoN kfhly hn. 9 ku mhIny cwly sdfm dy trfiel smyN sRI al-mlIkI keI vfr ajyhy ibafn dfg cuwky hn ijhnF df iswD sbMD sdfm nMU Pfhy lgfey jfx dy ierfdy nfl sI. ies trfeiel smyN iek qoN vwD vfr jwj nMU bdlxf ipaf aqy bcfE pwK dy iqMn vkIlF dy kql qwk vI hoey. sdfm husyn dI vkIlF dI tIm dy keI mYNbr adflq ivwcoN keI vfr bfhr vI kwZy gey ijhnF ivwc amrIkf df sfbkf atfrnI jnrl aqy bjLurg isafsqdfn rYmjLI klfrk vI sLfml sI. sRI klfrk ny bhuq vfr sdfm dy trfiel nMU aMqr rfsLtrI nukqy qoN bhuq KfmIaF BrpUr grdfinaF sI ijs df ieko iek mMqv sdfm nMU Pfhy lgfey jfx df aDfr iqafr krnf sI. bcfE pwK nMU nf qF sdfm iKlfPL pysL kIqy gey gvfhF nMU krfs agjLfimn kr idwqf igaf aqy nf hI kloijLMg stytmYNt dfKl kr idwqI geI. kys iqafr krn vfsqy bcfE pwK nMU ZukvF smF aqy sbUqF df izsklojLr vI nhIN idwqf igaf sI.

          apIl tribAUnl ny sdfm nfl Aus dy 3 hor sfQIaF nMU vI mOq dI sjLf idwqI hI ijhnF ivcoN do nMU trfiel jwj ny mOq dI sjLf idwqI sI aqy qIjy nMU Aumr kYd sI pr apIl tribAUnl ny qIjy nMU vI mOq dI sjLf suxfeI hY. ieh qIjf ivakqI sdfm dy rfjkfl mOky Aup rfsLtrpqI sI ijs df nfm qfhf XfsIn rfmfdfn hY. sdfm nMU mOq dI sjLf dyx vfsqy isrPL ierfk df pRDfn mMqrI nUrI al-mlIkI hI kfhlf nhIN hY Aus dy vfisLMgtn ivwc bYTy mflk vI ieh kMm jldI qoN jldI krvfAuxf cfhuMdy hn. ies nfl ies dI ijLmyvfrI vI vfisLMtgn isr nhIN hovygI aqy kMm vI ho jfvygf. nUrI al-mlIkI qF sdfm nMU nvyN sfl dy sLurU hox qoN pihlF pihlF Pfhf lfey jfx df sMkyq vI dy cuwkf hY.

          sdfm nMU Aus dy sfbk srkfrI sfQIaF smyq 1982 dI iek Gtnf dy dosL ivwc cfrj kIqf igaf sI ijs ivwc bgdfd dy njLdIk pYNdy iek zUijLl nfm dy ksby ivwc 148 ierfkI, surwiKaf krmcfrIaF vloN mfr idwqy gey sn. mfry gey sfry dy sfry sLihrI sLIaf BfeIcfry nfl sbMDq sn aqy AuhnF df dosL ieh sI ik jd sdfm df kfPLlf ies ksby ivcoN dI lMG irhf sI qF Aus `qy hmlf kr idwqf igaf sI. ies hmly ivwc sdfm qF vfl vfl bc igaf sI pr ierfkI puils ny ksby `qy sLkMjf kws ky lokF nMU hmly vfsqy smUhk rUp ivwc ijLmyvfr TihrfAuNidaF qsIhy idwqy sn aqy 148 mOq dy Gft Auqfr idwqy sn.

          pRDfn mMqrI nUrI al-mlIkI df sbMD sLIaf BfeIcfry nfl ijs dy 148 ivakqIaF dy kql dy dosL ivwc sdfm nMU cfrj kIqf igaf sI. al-mlIkI nMU ies smyN  afpxy BfeIcfry `c sKLq ivroD df sfhmxf krnf pY irhf hY Kfs kr “suprIm kONsl Pfr ieslfimk rvolUsLn” df jo ik bhuq qfkqvr sLIaf sMgTn bx igaf hY. kulIsLn srkfr df pRDfn mMqrI bxy rihx vfsqy al-mlIkI afpxy BfeIcfry df rfKf bx ky AuBrnf cfhuMdf hY ijs vfsqy sLIaf BfeIcfry dy dusLmx sdfm nMU jld qoN jld Pfhy lgfAux nfl mlIkI df ihwq sOr skdf hY aqy ies nfl amrIkf df ihwq vI pUrf huMdf hY. ijs sdfm nMU amrIkf dunIaF dIaF njLrF ivwc mfrU hiQafrF dy jLKIiraF df mflk sfbq nf kr sikaf Aus sdfm nMU lokF df kfql sfbq kr ky Auh kMm sfr lYxf cfhuMdf hY.

          sdfm iek KUMKfr izktytr sI ijs dy rfjkfl ivwc ierfk dy lokF nfl bhuq vfDy hoey hn. zUijLl ksby dy 1982 dy ies sfky qoN ibnF sdfm `qy kurdF dy ihlfbjLf nfm dy ksby `qy rsfiexk hiQafrF nfl kqlyafm krn df dosL vI lgdf hY aqy Aus nMU ies vfsqy cfrj vI kIqf igaf hY. 1991 dy KfVI XuwD qoN bfad bgfvq kr gey sLIaf BfeIcfry nMU mfrn df dosL vI sdfm `qy lgdf hY aqy ierfk-ierfn XuwD ivwc lwKF jfnF df dosL vI sdfm `qy hI lgdf hY ikAuNik ieh hmlf sdfm husyn ny hI kIqf sI.

          ierfn `qy hmly smyN  amrIkf ny sdfm dff sfQ idwqf sI aqy ieh mOky sdfm ny rsfiexk hiQafr bxfAux leI mfrU rsfiex vI amrIkf qoN hI pRfpq kIqy sI jo ihlfbjLf ivwc kurdF dy iKlfPL vI vrqy gey aqy 10 ku sfl cwly XuwD ivwc ierfn dy iKlfPL vI vrqy gey sn. amrIkf ierfn-ierfk XuWD ivwc afpxy rol nMU Buwl igaf hY aqy hux ierfk dI KfnIjMgI nMU vI afpxy isr lYx leI iqafr nhIN hY ijs ivwc 6 lwK dy krIb ierfkI afpxIaF jfnF guaf cuwky hn.

          awj ierfk ivwc ibjlI, pfxI, qyl vgYrf swB kuJ dI hI BrpUr kmI hY. bgdfd vrgy sLihr ivwc vI ibjlI 6-7 GMty hI msF idwqI jf rhI hY aqy pIx vfly pfxI dI splfeI vI AuKV geI hY. dunIaF dy dUjy vwzy qyl Auqpfdk dysL, ierfk ivwc qyl lYx leI lok lfeInF ivwc KVdy hn aqy hux ptrol vgYrf dI blYk vI huMdI hY. jo qyl pYdf huMdf hY Auh amrIkf dIaF kMpnIaF suVfkI jf rhIaF hn aqy lok qMgI kwt rhy hn aqy ieh myhrbfnI vI amrIkf dI hI hY. ierfk nMU vwzI kmI “sLFqI” dI hY ijs vfsqy amrIkI hmlf iswDy qOr `qy ijMLmyvfr hY.

          jo kuJ sdfm dy rfjkfl ivwc vfpiraf hY Auh inMdxXog hY pr jo kuJ awj vfpr irhf hY Auh aiq-inMdxXog hY aqy aiq-inMdxXog AuhI iDrF hn jo ies df kfrn bxIaF hn. sdfm nMU qF Aus dy kuJ kfiraF kr ky cfrj kr ilaf igaf sI aqy jldI hI PFsI `qy ltkf idwqf jfvygf pr ierfk dI aiq-inMdxXog hflq krn vfly kdy vI iksy kfnUMn dI Xd ivwc nhIN afAuxgy.

          ieh vI Buwlxf nhIN cfhIdf ik jo kuJ sdfm vyly vfpiraf sI Auh awj vI vfpr irhf hY. awj vI keI ierfkI sLwk dy kfrn golIaF nfl BuMny jFdy hn aqy ajyhy hfdsy aksr vprdy hn. amrIkf ny ierfk dy PlUjf sLihr dI iewt nfl iewt ies leI KVkf idwqI sI ikAuNik PlUjf sLihr ivwc ivdrohI kfbjL sn jo amrIkI POjF `qy hmly krdy rihMdy sn. TIk Esy qrF ijs qrF sdfm dy kfPLly `qy 1982 ivwc zUijLl nfm dy ksby ivwc ivdrohIaF ny hmlf kIqf sI aqy iswty vjoNN 148 sLihrI surwiKaf POjF ny mfr idwqy sn. PlUjf ivwc vI juvfbI amrIkI hmly ivwc PlUjf sLihr vI qbfh ho igaf sI qy hjLfrF sLihrI vI mfry gey sn ijhnF ivwc keI ivdrohI vI sLfml hoxgy.

          ajy bIqy hPLqy hI amrIkf ny afpxy 8 POjI, ierfkIaF nMU mfrn dy dosL ivwc cfrj kIqy hn. iehnF 8 POjIaF `qy nvMbr 2005 ivwc bgdfd dy nyVly hdIQf sLihr ivwc 24 ierfkI sLihrIaF nMU mfrn df dosL hY. iehnF ivcoN cfr POjIaF nMU kql aqy cfr horF nMU kql ivwc BfeIvfl hox dy dosLF ivwc cfrj kIqf igaf hY. cfrj kIqy jfx vfly sfry amrIkI POjI amrIkf ivwc surwiKaq bYTy hn aqy AuhnF nMU apIl, vkIl aqy dlIl dI sfrI suivDf pRdfn hovygI. iehnF POjIaF ny hdIQf ivwc 24 ierfkI isvlIan ies leI mOq dy Gft Auqfr idwqy sn ikAuik POjIaF dy kfPLly `qy hoey hmly ivwc AuhnF df iewk POjI mIgul trfijLs mfiraf igaf sI ijs dy srIr dy toty toty ho gey sn. guwsy ivwc afey amrIkIaF ny 24 sLihrI BuMny suwty sn aqy ikhf ieh sI ik 15 ierfkI sLihrI ivdrohIaF dy bMb hmly ivwc mfry gey sn aqy bfkI mfry gey ivdrohI sn ijhnF nMU mukfbly ivwc mfiraf igaf sI. qPqIsL qoN bfad swc EhI inkilaf jo sdfm vyly 1982 ivwc zUijLl ivwc vfpiraf sI. zUijLl Gtnf vfsqy sdfm nMU PFsI dI sjLf idwqI geI hY pr hdIQf kFz vfsqy PFsI dI sjLf df nfm qwk vI nhIN ilaf jfvygf. sdfm nMU idwqI PFsI dI sjLf adflqI PYslf nhIN sgoN iek bdlf lAU isafsI PYslf hY.

-blrfj idEl, KLbrnfmf #381, dsMbr 29/2006

 


ilbrl afgU dI pihlI bVHk qF PokI hI inklI!

 

          huxy hoeI ilbrl kMnvYnsLn ivwc jyqU rhy ilbrl afgU sRI styPLn izEN ny ijwqdy sfr hI stIvn hfrpr dI Gwt igxqI srkfr torI  nMU jldI cldf krn df iesLfrf kr idwqf sI. AuhnF dy ibafn muqfibk Auh hfrpr srkfr df qKLqf knyzIan lokF ivwc icMqf df ivsLf bx rhy aPLfgn sLFqI imsLn df shfrf lY ky pltxf cfhuMdy sn.

          ilbrl afgU ny ikhf sI ik Auh aPLgfinsqfn ivcoN knyzIan POj dI “ngosLIeytz ivdzrfl” Bfv gwlbfq duafrf vfpsI dy hwk ivwc hn. AuhnF ieh “ngosLIeytz ivdzrfl” iks nfl gwlbfq kr ky krnI cfhuMdy sI ieh AuhnF spsLt nhIN sI kIqf. kI ieh gwlbfq AuhnF qfilbfn nfl krnI sI jF aPLgfn srkfr nfl aqy jF iPr nfto sMgTn nfl ijs df kYnyzf mYNbr hY, ieh qF Auh hI jfxdy hoxgy. sMBv hY ik ieh gwlbfq Auh amrIknF nfl jF sMXukq rfsLtr nfl krnf cfhuMdy hox ijs dI rjLfmMdI nfl aMqrrfsLtrI POjF aPLgfinsqfn ivwc ByjIaF geIaF hn.

          dUjI gwl AuhnF ieh kIqI sI ik Auh hfrpr srkfr vloN aPLgfn imsLn dI imafd ivwc kIqy gey vfDy dy iKlfPL hn. AuhnF ikhf sI ik hfrpr srkfr vloN ies imsLn ivwc sfl 2009 qwk kIqf igaf vfDf “pUrI qrF gYr-ijMmyvfrfnf” sI. ieh kihMidaF sRI izEN Buwl gey sn ik muZlf aPLgfn imsLn XF ikRqIaF dI ilbrl srkfr vloN sLurU kIqf igaf sI ijs ivwc jnfb izEN mMqrI sn aqy hux vflf ivvfdgRsq bx irhf kMDfr imsLn jnfb pfl mfritn dI ilbrl srkfr vloN sLurU kIqf igaf sI ijs ivwc jnfb izEN iPr mMqrI dy ahudy `qy ibrfjmfn sn. eyQy hI bws nhIN hfrpr srkfr vloN jd kMDfr imsLn dy smyN ivwc vfDf kIqf igaf qF ies bfry sMsd ivwc bkfiedf bihs hoeI aqy ieh vfDf ilbrl pfrtI dI mdd nfl hI mnjLUr kIqf igaf sI. ies vfDy df ilbrl afgU sRI ibl grfHm ny vI pUrf smrQn kIqf sI jo ik mfritn srkfr ivwc rwiKaf mMqrI dy ahudy `qy ibrfjmfn sn aqy ieh imsLn sLurU krn leI pUrI qrF ijLmyvfr sn.

          swc qF ieh hY ik kMDfr imsLn nMU 2009 qwk jfrI rwKx df muZlf ZFcf vI ilbrl srkfr smyN hI KVf kIqf igaf sI AuNJ BfvyN ies bfry mqf hfrpr srkfr vyly sMsd ivwc pfs kIqf igaf hY. nvMbr 2005 ivwc knyzIan POj dy iek Kfs imsLn ny kMDfr ivwc POj leI dPLqrI iemfrq, bYrkF aqy golI-iswky vfsqy zMp iqafr krn dI plfn bxfeI sI jo ik keI sfl qwk POj dy kMm af sky. knyzIan POj dI qYnfqI, nyto sMgTn hyT ilafAux df PYslf vI ilbrl srkfr mOky hI ho cuwkf sI aqy ilbrl ieh vI jfxdy sn ik amrIkf, nyto sMgTn dI asl ijMd-jfn hY. hux amrIkf df nfm lY lY ky hfrpr srkfr nMU idn rfq kosxf KoKlf pRqIkrm hI hY.

          jnfb styPLn izEN dy aPLgfn imsLn bfry idwqy ibafn df isafsI lfB AuTfx vfsqy vwKvfdI pfrtI blfk ikbYWkvf dy afgU sRI jUl zUsYWp ny ieh ibafn dfg idwqf sI ik Auh agly sMsdI iejlfs ivwc hfrpr srkfr dy iKlfPL by-BrosgI df mqf pysL kr dyxgy. zUsYp dy ies ibafn nfl iewk pfsy hfrpr srkfr agly sfl dy sLurU ivwc izg jfx dy afsfr bx gey sn qF dUjy pfsy ilbrl afgU vI ksUqy Ps gey sn. pRDfn mMqrI sRI hfrpr ny coxF dI cxOqI ieh kihMidaF pRvfn kr leI sI ik lok ajy coxF nhIN cfhuMdy pr jy ivroDI iDr srkfr zygdI hY qF Auh coxF vfsqy iqafr hn. ies mOky jy coxF vfsqy swB qoN Gwt iqafrI ivwc koeI isafsI pfrtI hY qF Auh ilbrl pfrtI hI hY. jnfb izEN ies gwl qoN cMgI qrF vfkPL hn ik aglIaF coxF ivwc jyqU hox dy afsfr pYdf krn vfsqy AuhnF nMU pfrtI nMU sMgTq krn aqy cox PMz iekwTf krn dI loV hY aqy iehnF dovF kMmF vfsqy AuhnF nMU ajy hor smyN dI loV hY.

          aPLgfn muwdy `qy afpxI kfhlI df aihsfs kridaF ies somvfr nMU jnfb izEN ny ieh sfPL kr idwqf hY ik Auh blfk vloN aPLgfn muwdy `qy ilaFdy iksy vI by-BrosgI mqy df smrQn nhIN krngy. AuhnF ieh vI mMn ilaf hY ik blfk mjUdf srkfr nMU jldI zyg ky ilbrl pfrtI nMU ikbYWk ivwc qfkq PVno rokxf cfhuMdf hY ijs vfsqy ilbrl pfrtI nMU hor smyN dI loV hY. AuhnF ieh vI afK idwqf hY ik knyzIan lok ajy coxF nhIN cfhuMdy. sRI izEN ny lIzrisLp dOV ivwc dUjy nMbr `qy rhy sRI mfeIkl iegnfitPL nMU afpxf izputI vI inXukq kr ilaf hY. sRI iegnfitPL aPLgfn imsLn nMU jfrI rwKx dy sfP qOr `qy hwk ivwc hn aqy ies df Kuwl ky pRgtfvf vI kr cuwky hn.

          izEN dI sur bdlx dI dyr sI ik blfk ikbYkvf dy iek afgU ny vI afK idwqf hY ik AuhnF dI pfrtI df aPLgfn mudy `qy hfrpr srkfr dy iKlfPL by-BrosgI df mqf pysL krn df ajy koeI pwkf pRogrfm nhIN hY aqy ies dy nfl hI aYn zI pI dy afgU ny vI sur bdl leI hY. ies nfl hPLqf ku pihlF agly sfl dy sLurU ivwc hI hfrpr srkfr izgx leI bx irhf mhOl bdl igaf hY aqy ilbrl afgU styPLn izEN dI pihlI bVHk PokI hI inklI hY.

          bhuq sfry lok, Kfs kr torI ivroDI mIzIafkfr aPLgfn imsLn nMU lokF ivwc ierfk imsLn nfl rlf ky pysL kr rhy hn. ierfk imsLn amrIkf dy pRDfn buwsL dI inwjI eIrKf df  iswtf sI ijs nfl Auh sdfm nMU gwdIAuN lfh ky Auh kMm krnf cfhuMdy sn jo AuhnF df bfp buwsL sInIar afpxy rfjkfl ivwc nhIN sI kr sikaf. nf qF ierfk ivwc al-kfiedf dy awzy hI sn aqy nf hI sdfm kwtVvfdI muslm afgU hI sI. ierfk ivcoN ivdysLF ivwc hmly krn leI isKlfeI dyx vfsqy dihsLqgrd vI iqafr nhIN sn kIqy jFdy ieh vwKrI gwl hY ik ierfk aqy ierfn ivwckfr TMzI jMg lgfqfr jfrI sI aqy dovyN dysL iek dUjy ivwc dKl-aMdfjLI jLrUr kr rhy sn.

          dUjy pfsy aPLgfinsqfn imsLn sfry jgq dI sihmqI nfl aqy sMXukq rfsLtr dI asLIrvfd nfl sLurU kIqf igaf hY. aPLgfinsqfn lgfqfr dihsLqgrd kfrvfeIaF df awzf bixaF hoieaf sI ijwQy al-kfiedf aqy Esfmf ibn lfidn zyry lfeI bYTf sI. aPLgfinsqfn dy lok ieslfimk kwtVvfdI hkUmq dI aQfh-sKLLqI df isLkfr sn ijwQy aOrqF GroN bfhr isrPL burkf pf ky hI inkl skdIaF sn. aOrqF leI skUlF aqy kMmF dy drvfjLy bMd sn aqy mrdF nMU pMj vyly nmfjL pVHn dy qy dfhVIaF nf kwtx dy sKLq hukm sn. iPlm vyKxf, gfxy sunxf aqy koeI  sfjL vjfAuxf gYr-kfnUMnI sI. BfrqI hvfeI jhfjL nMU hfeIjYk krn, ksLmIr ivwc hmly krn, rUs ivwc hmly krn qoN lY ky amrIkf ivwc vrlz tryz sYNtr `qy hmly dIaF skImF aPLgfinsqfn ivwc hI bxfeIaF geIaF sn. hjLfrF sfl purfxy prbqF nMU qrfsL ky bxfey gey mhfqmf buwD dy aflIsLfn buwq kwtVpMQI qfilbfn dy hukmF nfl hI bfrUd lgf ky Auzf idwqy gey sn. dunIaF ies kwtVvfd aqy dihsLqvfd qoN qMg af geI sI.  iehI kfrn sI ik amrIkf dy vrlz tryz sYNtr dI Gtnf qoN bfad PrFs dy iek aKLbfr ny lokF dI Bfvnf nMU ivakq krn vfsqy ieh hYWz lfeIn lgfeI sI, “vI afr afl amYirknjL”. Bfv asIN swB amrIkn hF. amrIkf nfl pYr pYr `qy aishmq rihx vfly PrYNc dihsLqvfd dy ivroD ivwc afpxy afp nMU “amrIkn” afKx vfsqy vI iqafr ho gey sn.  ierfk aqy aPLgfn imsLnF ivwc ieh Prk AudoN vI sI aqy awj vI hY aqy iehnF nMU rlgwz krnf jfiejL nhIN hY.

          aPLgfn sLFqI imsLn dunIaF aqy aPLgfn lokF vfsqy bhuq hI mhwqvpUrn imsLn hY. ieh vwKrI gwl hY ik kYnyzf vrgy Gwt abfdI vfly dysL vfsqy awj qwk aPgfinsqfn ivwc 45 POjI sLhId krvf lYxy bhuq vwzI kImq jfpdI hY. loV hY aPLgfn imsLn df Bfr nyto sMgTn ivwc brfbr vMzx dI qF ik kYnyzf afpxf Bfr kuJ hlkf kr sky. Auh Bfr jo ik jnfb pfl mfritn dI ilbrl srkfr ny afpxI mrjLI nfl hI afpxy isr lwd ilaf sI.

          kYnyzf nfto sMgTn df mYNbr hI nhIN hY sgoN ajyhf muZlf mYNbr hY ijs ny awDI sdI pihlF nyto sMgTn KVf krn df ivcfr pysL kIqf sI. sMgTn dy cfrtr hyT iksy iek dysL `qy kIqf igaf hmlf sfiraF `qy hmlf mMinaF jFdf hY. jy kMDfr ivcoN iksy ZMg nfl knyzIan POj vfps bulf vI leI jfvy qd vI kYnyzf nMU loV pYx `qy mYNbr nyto dysLF dI mdd `qy afAuxf hI pvygf. jy nyto nfl “gwlbfq” dI loV hY qF ieh gwlbfq aPLgfn imsLn df Bfr vMzfAux bfry hoxI cfhIdI hY, iek qrPLf mYdfn Cwz ky Bwj afAux bfry nhIN. aPLgfn sLFqI imsLn iekwlf amrIkn  imsLn nhIN hY ieh dunIaF Br dI sLFqI df imsLn hY.    

 -blrfj idEl


luwt hI mcfeI hoeI hY EntyrIE dIaF kuJ eyjMsIaF ny

 

          EntyrIE dy afzItr jnrl sRI ijm mYkfrtr ny ies hPLqy jfrI kIqI afpxI rIport ivwc sUby dIaF keI eyjMsIaF vloN lokF dy DMn dI durvrqoN dy jo vyrvy idwqy hn Auh bhuq icMqfjnk hn. tYksF dI Brmfr dy ies Xuwg ivwc sLihrIaF dy lhU-psIny dI kmfeI nMU “corF dy kwpVy qy lfTIaF dy gjL” dy ihsfb vhf dyxf iksy hflq ivwc vI pRvfn nhIN hoxf cfhIdf. ies dur-vrqoN vfsqy sUby dI srkfr nMU afpxI bxdI ijMLmyvfrI kbUlxI cfhIdI hY aqy ajyhI dur-vrqoN nMU BivK ivwc rokx vfsqy Tos Eprfly krny cfhIdy hn. afzItr jnrl dI irpport bhuq ivsqrq hY pr asIN ies ivcoN iclzrn eyz sosfietIaF aqy sUby ivwc ibjlI df pRbMD krn vflI eyjMsI EntyrIE hfeIzro dy pRbMDkI ZFcy vloN kIqI geI dur-vrqoN dy kuJ ihwsy df hI ijLkr krFgy.

          afzItr jnrl dI irport ivwc sUby dIaF iclzrn eyz sosfietIaF vloN lokF dy DMn dI dur-vrqoN dI Audfhrx idMidaF afiKaf igaf hY ik kuJ aflHf aPLsrF ny eyjMsIaF dy bjt nfl mihMgy ivdysLI dOry kIqy hn, mihMgy vfhn vrqy hn, eyjMsI dy Krcy `qy injI tRynr qwk rwKy hn. eyjMsIaF dy kMmkfr vfsqy rwKy vfhnF dy nfl nfl do mihMgy Bfa dy lgjLrI (arfmdfiek) aYs[ XU[ vI[ vfhn KrIdy jfx df vI ijLkr kIqf igaf hY jo ik mihMgy Bfa dy ptrol df KO hn. eyjMsI dy vhIkl (vfhn) vrqx dy nfl nfl kuJ kirMidaF vloN 600 zflr pRqI mhInf vfhn Bwqf ley jfx df vI ies rport ivwc ijLkr kIqf igaf hY. iek aflfH drjy dy aPLsr vloN eyjMsI dy Krcy `qy cIn dy dOry df vI ijLkr kIqf igaf hY ijs df eyjMsI dy kMmkfr nfl Ekf hI koeI vfsqf nhIN sI.

          ies rport ivwc EntyrIE sUby dIaF kul 53 iclzrn eyz sosfietIaF ivcoN cfr muwK sosfietIaF dy ihsfb nMU mwuK aDfr bxfieaf igaf hY. ieh sosfietIaF hn QMzrvya dI sosfietI, torFto, pIal rIjn aqy Xfrk rIjn dI iclzrn eyz sosfietI. sUby dIaF 53 iclzrn eyz sosfietIaF df kul slfnf bjt 1[42 iblIan zflr dwisaf igaf hY ijs df 25% Auprokq cfr eyjMsIaF dy ihwsy afAuNdf hY. 1[42 iblIan zflr df bjt koeI mfmUlI bjt nhIN hY aqy ieh sfry df sfrf lokF dy lhU-psIny dI kmfeI hY ijs nMU Krcx lwigaF sbMDq eyjMsIaF nMU kuJ ijLmyvfrI qoN kMm lYxf cfhIdf hY. sUby ivwc iclzrn eyz sosfietIaF dy slfnf bjt ivwc lgfqfr vfDf ho irhf hY pr kI ies dy mukfbly loVmMd bwicaF dI igxqI aqy syvfvF dy imafr ivwc vI vfDf hoieaf hY? ieh iek aYsf svfl hY ijs df juvfb iehnF eyjMsIaF nMU dyxf cfhIdf hY.

          srkfrI aqy arD-srkfrI eyjMsIaF dI hflq aYsI ho geI hY ik ijs nMU iehnF ivwc nOkrI lwB jFdI hY Aus dI Aumr Br dI lftrI inkl afAuNdI hY. ieh svfl vI puwCxf bxdf hY ik sUby ivwc 53 iclzrn eyz sosfietIaF dI kI loV hY? kI sfry sUby vfsqy iek iclzrn eyz sosfietI nhIN ho skdI? kI aYsf krn nfl bjt kfbU krnf aqy syvfvF ivwc ieksurqf ilafAuxI afsfn nhIN  hovygI?

          iewQy ieh ijLkr krnf vI bxdf hY ik iksy smyN torFto mhF ngrI ivwc 6-7 imAuNspl kmytIaF huMdIaF sn. torFto, nfrQ Xfrk, skfrbro, eItobIko, Xfrk, Xfrk vYst aqy Xfrk eIst vrgy “sLihrF” dIaF afpxI kmytIaF, afpxy myar aqy afpxy bjt hoieaf krdy sn. iehnF KyqrF dy afpxy afpxy skUl borz vI huMdy sn. sUby dI jnfb mfeIk hYirs dI srkfr ny iehnF df Kfqmf kr ky mYtro torFto dI ieko iek sLihrI srkfr df gTn kIqf ijs nfl sfry sLihr ivwc syvfvF, inXmF aqy tYksF dI ieksurqf afeI. ies nfl srkfrI pRbMD vI afsfn hoieaf aqy Krcf vI bicaf. kI ies qrF sUby dIaF 53 iclzrn eyz sosfietIaF df eykIkrn nhIN ho skdf? ieh svfl sUby dy isafsdfnF qoN puwCxf bxdf hY.

          ijhnF lokF df kdy iclzrn eyz sosfietI dy kirMidaF nfl vfh ipaf hY Auh jfxdy hn bhuq sfry kirMdy afpxy afp ivwc Kudf bxy iPrdy hn aqy sfry mfipaF nMU “sLwk” dI njLr nfl vyKdy hn. kfnUMn ny iehnF nMU eynI aMnI qfkq dy rwKI hY ik ieh mnmrjLI krdy hn aqy Kfs kr nvyN iemIgrMt BfeIcfry iehnF dIaF afp-hudrIaF df isLkfr huMdy hn. bwicaF dI rKvflI dy nfm `qy ieh lokF nMU pRysLfn krn qwk jFdy hn. skUl aqy puils iehnF dy hwQF ivwc hiQafr bx ky rih jFdy hn. hflq ieh bx geI hY ik iclzrn eyz sosfietIaF smfj ivwc jMglI bwcy pYdf krn jF jMglI bxfAux df sfDn bxdIaF jf rhIaF hn. mfipaF dy hwk nMU Korf iehnF eyjMsIaF dy afp-hudrypn ny lgf rwiKaf hY. jo lok aMgryjLI pRYs nMU ghu nfl pVHdy jF suxdy hn Auh jfxdy hn ik iks qrF dy kys iehnF eyjMsIaF dy nwk hyT vfpry hn ijwQy loVmMd bwicaF nMU mdd qy shfrf nhIN imilaf pr dUjy pfsy “sLwk” dy aDfr `qy hI keI mfipaF dy nwk ivwc dm kr idwqf jFdf hY. iehnF eyjMsIaF ivwc Gwt igxqIaF dy kuJ nvyN BrqI kIqy kirMdy aksr Gwt igxqIaF dy suBfE, rsm aqy irvfj horF nMU smJfAux dI QF Gwt igxqIaF dI jsUsI krn df kMm vwD krdy hn.

          ieh TIk hY ik awj df smfj qyjLI nfl “jMglI” huMdf jf irhf hY ijs ivwc “afpf” pRDfn huMdf jf irhf hY. ajyhy smfj ivwc byshfrf bwicaF dI mdd dy kfrgr sfDn hoxy cfhIdy hn. ies smfj ivwc ajyhy mF-bfp vI hn jo bwicaF dI dyK-Bfl TIK ZMg nfl nhIN krdy aqy ajyhy mfipaF kol bwcy surwiKaq nhIN hn. iclzrn eyz sosfietIaF bwicaF aqy twbrF dI BlfeI vfsqy huMdIaF hn, pirvfrF ivwc nvIaF AulJxF KVIaF krn vfsqy nhI aqy nf hI lokF dy DMn dI Gor durvqoN krn vfsqy. afzItr jrnl dI rport `qy pRqIkrm idMidaF iek rItfierz puils zItYkitv mfeIkl zyivs ny ikhf hY ik Aus nMU iehnF byinXmIaF bfry jfx ky bhuq duwK hoieaf hY. Aus ny awgy ikhf hY ik Aus ny zItYkitv vjoN sYNkVy ajyhy bwicaF dy kysF dI qPLqIsL kIqI hY ijhnF dI mOq iclzrn eyz sosfietIaF dI dyK-ryK hyT hMuidaF hoeI sI. sUby dI srkfr aqy sUby dI bwicaF aqy nbflgF dIaF syvfvF dI mMqrYx bIbI mYrI aYn cYNbrjL dI ijMLmyvfrI bxdI hY ik Auh sUby dIaF iclzrn eyz sosfietIaF ivwc srkfrI PMzF dI dur-vrqoN aqy qfkq dI dur-vrqoN rokx leI Tos kdm cuwky.

          afzItr jnrl dI rport ivwcoN dUjf kys ‘EntyrIE hfeIzro” dy cIPL tfm pfrikMsn df hY jo ik sUby df swB qoN vwD qnKfh lYx vflf kirMdf sI. hfeIzro dy cIPL vjoN tfm pfrikMsn nMU ipCly sfl  kul qnKfh aqy bons rlLf ky 1[6 imlIan zflr idwqf igaf hY. afzItr jnrl dI rport muqfibk tfm pfrikMsn dI sdfrq hyT EntyrIE hfeIzro ivwc DMn dI BfrI durvrqoN hoeI hY. Aus ny afpxI sYktrI dy ‘srkfrI’ krYizt kfrz `qy vI 45 hjLfr df Krcf pfieaf hoieaf sI. Aus `qy hfeIzro df hYlIkptr afpxI inwjy kMm vfsqy vrqx df vI dosL lgfieaf igaf hY aqy qrf qrF dy mihMgy Kfxy vgYrf df vI. hor aflfH stfPL vloN DMn dI aMnI vrqoN df vI ijLkr rport ivwc kIqf igaf hY. jd ivroDI iDr ny ies bfry rOlf pfieaf qF EntyrIE hfeIzro dy cIPL tfm pfrikMsn dy asqIPLy df aYlfn kr idwqf igaf aqy nfl hI KLbr afeI ik Aus nMU srkfr ny jF EntyrIE hfeIzro ny  jF dovF ny slfh nfl iqMn imlIan zflr df sYvrYNs pYikj Bfv jfb qoN CuwtI krn df ievjfnf idwqf hY. tfm pfrikMsn dIaf pON bfrF jd hfeIzro df cIPL sI qF sfl df 1[6 imlIan zflr imldf sI jd “CuwtI” hoeI jF kr idwqI geI qF 3 imlIan iml igaf. Aus df qF koeI nuksfn nhIN hoieaf, nuksfn qF sUby dy lokF df hoieaf hY. ajy 4 ku sfl pihlF sMn 2002 ivwc hI sUby dI smyN dI srkfr ny smyN dI hfeIzro cIPL bIbI eylInr klYQroa dI CwutI krky pRbMDF ivwc suDfr dI iewCf nfl tfm pfrikMsn nMU cIP vjoN inXukq kIqf sI. EntyrIE hfeIzro dy BYVy pRbMDF kfrn hI ieh sMsQf krjfeI ho geI sI ijs nMU  krjf mukq krn vfsqy sUby df hr sLihrI afpxy mfisk hfzIzro (ibjlI) ibwl ivwc “krjLf-mukqI” (zYt-rItfiermYNt) leI ies srkfrI eyjMsI nMU ajy vI “jbrIN dfn” idMdf hY. afpxf afpxf ibjlI ibwl vyK lvo, “KfxpIx nMNU bFdrI qy tMby Kfx nMU irwC” df dsqUr kdoN bMd hovygf?        -blrfj

 


afpxy sUby ivwc hI cxOqI df sfhmxf krnf pvygf styPn izEN  nMU!

 

          ilbrl pfrtI dI lIzrisLp dOV ivwc ijwq hfsl kr ky sRI styPn izEN ny swB nMU hYrfn kr idwqf hY.  ieh ijwq  AuhnF do ilbrl mhF rQIaF nMU pCfV ky hfsl kIqI hY aqy Auh vI bhuq hI Coty bjt dI cox muihMm nfl. ies cox dMgl ivwc aYn afKrI mOky qwk sRI styPn izEN iek “aMzr-zfg” jF Coty afgU igxy jFdy sn. pihly dOr dIaF votF ivwc Auh sRI bfb rya aqy sRI mfeIkl iegnfitPL qoN bhuq ipwCy sn aqy qIjy nMbr `qy huMdy hoey vI jYrfz kYnyzI qoN isrPL do votF nfl hI awgy sn. AuhnF dI ijwq ies leI vI mwqvpUrn hY ikAuNik ilbrl pfrtI dI aMdrUnI sYWtawp muK rUm ivwc mUhrlI kqfr dy mhFrQIaF bfb rya jF mfeIkl iegnfitPL dy bhuqI hwk ivwc sI. ilbrlF ny sRI styPn izEN nMU pfrtI dI aMdrUnI sYWt-awp dI iewCf dy Elt afpxf lIzr cuixaF hY.

          lIzrisLp dI isafsI dOV ivwc hmysLf hI BMn qoV aqy joV qoV huMdy hn. ies iksm dy joV qoV ies vfr vI jMm ky hoey hn aqy ies df iswDf lfB styPn izEN nMU hoieaf hY. ies ivwc koeI sLwk nhIN hY ik sRI jYrfz kYnyzI dI mdd AuhnF dI ijwq vfsqy PYslfkun sfbq hoeI hY pr ies qoN vI ienkfr nhIN kIqf jf skdf ik qIjy gyV ivwc qIjy nMbr `qy rihx vfly sRI bfb rya vloN iksy dy pwK ivwc nf Bugqx aqy afpxy zYlIgytF nMU mrjLI nfl vot pfAux leI Kuwly Cwz dyx df bhuqf lfB vI sRI styPn izEN nMU hoieaf hY.

          mfrc 1995 ivwc pihlI vfr sMsd mYNbr bxy sRI styPn izEN AuWc ividaf pRfpq afgU hn aqy jMm ky kYnyzf dI eykqf dy hfmI hn. 51 sflf sRI styPn izEN ikbYWk dy vwKvfd dy tfkry leI pfs kIqI geI “klYrtI klfjL” dy lyKk vI hn ijs nfl ikbYWk dy vwK hox vfsqy iksy vI sMBfvI rYPrYNzm df spsLt hoxf aqy ies df spsLt bhumwq nfl svIkfiraf jfxf jLrUrI bxf idwqf igaf hY. sRI styPn izEN nMU isfafsq ivwc ilafAux vfly sRI XF ikRqIaF sn aqy AuhnF ny hI sRI styPn izEN nMU pihlI vfr mMqrI bxfieaf sI. sRI pfl mfritn ny pRDfn mMqrI bxdy sfr hI sRI styPn izEN nMU mMqrI mMzl qoN lFBy kr idwqf sI pr AuhnF nMU coxF qoN bfad sRI pfl mfritn dI ilbrl Gwt igxqI srkfr bxn vyly muV mMqrI mMzl ivwc lY ilaf igaf sI.

          sRI styPn izEN bhuq hI kory-krfry afgU dy qOr `qy jfxy jFdy hn aqy asUl dy mfmly ivwc smJOqy krn dy afdI nhIN hn. AuhnF nMU afpxI ies afdq ivwc kuJ lck ilafAuxI pvygI qd hI kurwpt aqy kmjLor ho cuwkI ilbrl pfrtI nMU mjLbUq kIqf jfxf sMBv hovygf. mfhrF df iKafl hY ik swB qoN vwzI cxOqI df sfhmxf AuhnF nMU afpxy sUby, ikbYWk ivwc hI krnf pvygf ijwQy vwKvfdI pfrtI bhuq qfkqvr hY. ilbrl pfrtI dy aMdr AuhnF nMU vwK vwK DiVaF nfl sFz-gFz krnI pvygI.  AuhnF dy awj dy inkt sfQI jYrfz kYnyzI vI ikbYWk dy mfmly ivwc vwK rfey rwKdy hn aqy ikbYWk nMU “nysLn” df drjf dyx vfly sMsdI mqy df ivroD kr cuwky hn jd ik sRI styPn izEN ies mqy dy hwk ivwc hI nhIN sn Bugqy sgoN rpotF muqfibk pRDfn mMqrI sRI hfrpr ny ieh mqf pysL krn qoN pihlF AuhnF nfl slfh-msLvrf krky AuhnF df smrQn vI pRfpq kr ilaf sI. ilbrl afgU sRI bfb rya vI ies mqy ivroD ivwc sn ijs qoN sfbq huMdf hY ik ilbrl pfrtI dy aMdr ikbYWk dy mfmly ivwc vwK vwK ivcfr pfey jFdy hn aqy srkfr bxfAux vfsqy ikbYWk sUbf ilbrl pfrtI leI ijMdgI aqy mOq df svfl hY.

          ikbYWk dy jMmpl aqy pwky PYzrilst svrgI pRDfn mMqrI sRI trUzo ny cfr afm coxF ivwc ikbYWk sUby ivcoN kdy vI 56 qoNN Gwt sItF nhIN sn ijwqIaF. pihlF ikbYWk dIaF kul sItF 74 huMdIaF sn aqy iPr 1980 ivwc abfdI dy ilhfjL nfl 75 kr idwqIaF geIaF sn. ieh Auh idn sn jd ikbYWk ivwc PYzrl pwDr `qy koeI vwKvfdI pfrtI nhIN sI huMdI aqy sUby ivwc muwK twkr ilbrl, toorI aqy sokirz pfrtI ivckfr hI huMdI sI. ies qoN bfad ikbYWk ivwc sokirz pfrtI df Kfqmf ho igaf aqy vwKvfdI pfrtI blfk ikbYkvf df gTn ho igaf ijs nfl sUby `c isafsI smIkrn bdl gey.

          sRI XF ikRqIaF nMU vwKvfdI blfk ikbYkvf pfrtI df qkVf sfhmxf krnf ipaf aqy Auh 1993 dIaF coxF ivwc isrPL 19 sItF hI ijwq sky. dysL ivwc ies smyN rIPfrm pfrtI dy isr cuwkx kfrn Auh EntyrIE ivcoN torIaF df sPfieaf krn ivwc kfmXfb rhy aqy mjfrtI srkfr bxf gey. aglIaF 1997 dIaF coxF ivwc sRI XF ikRqIaF ikbYWk ivcoN 19 qoN vDf ky 26 sItF ijwq gey aqy 2000 dIaF coxF ivwc AuhnF ieh igxqI vDf ky 36 kr leI sI. sRI pfl mfritn dy pRDfn mMqrI bnx qwk spFsrisLp skYNzl ny ilbrl pfrtI nMU BfrI Tfh lgf idwqI sI ijs nfl sUby ivwc pfrtI dIaF jVFH KoKlIaF ho geIaF aqy Gwt igxqI torI srkfr leI rsqf sfPL ho igaf.

          aglIaF coxF ivwc ikbYWk iek vfr iPr PYslfkun aKfVf sfbq hovygf aqy sRI styPn izEN leI AuhnF df afpxf sUbf iek vwzf cYilMj ho inbVygf. ikbYWk ivwc aDfr bxfAux qoN ibnF Auh rfj isMGfsn dy nyVy nhIN Zuk skdy aqy ies vfsqy AuhnF nMU iek pfsy ikbYWk ivwc aDfr bxf cuwkI torI pfrtI df sfhmxf krnf pvygf aqy dUjy pfsy vwKvfdI blfk ikbYkvf dy aDfr nMU sMn lgfAuxI pvygI. ies vfsqy ilbrl pfrtI nMU mFtrIal mhFngrI qoN bfhr vwl iPr pYr psfrny pYxgy. ikbYWk aMdr ivKfeI kfmXfbI sRI styPn izEN leI kYnyzf Br ivwc rMg ilaf skdI hY ikAuNik knyzIan lokF nMU aYsy qfkqvr PYzrilst afgU dI qlfsL hY jo dysL nMU iekwTf rwK sky.

                                                      -blrfj idEl

 


mfjrf ‘nysLn ivd-ien nysLn’ df!

          somvfr nMU hfAUs afPL kfmjL ny pRDfn mMqrI sRI hfrpr df  ikbYWk bfry “nysLn” df mqf BfrI bhuq mwq nfl pfs kr idwqf. ies mqy df vwKvfdI pfrtI blfk ikbYWk smyq sfrIaF pfrtIaF ny hmfieq kIqI aqy ieh mqf 266 votF nfl pfs ho igaf. ies dy ivroD ivwc isrP 16 votF peIaF ijhnF ivcoN 15 ilbrlF ny aqy iek  torI pfrtI ivcoN Kfrj kIqy aYm pI gfrQ trnr ny pfeI. bcdy aYm pI jF qF hfAUs ivcoN gYr hfjLr sn aqy jF AuhnF afpxy vot df iesqymfl nhIN kIqf. hfrpr srkfr df  ieMtrgvrmYNtl aPLYarjL df mMqrI mfeIkl cONg ies mfmly `qy vwKry ivcfr rwKdf hox kfrn kYibnt ivcoN asqIPLf dy igaf. sRI cONg df kihxf hY ik Auh aYQink-nYsLnliejLm  ivwc jkIn nhIN rwKdf aqy kYnyzf nMU iek nysLn dy qOr `qy vyKdf hY.

          kYnyzf dy PrYNc vwsoN dI bhuigxqI vfly ikbYWk sUby ivc  vwKvfdI lihr keI dhfikaF qoN srgrm hY pr mjUdf crcf Es smyN sLurU hoeI jd ilbrl afgU bnx dI dOV ivwc mUhry smJy jFdy mfeIkl iegnfitPL ny ikbYWk nMU ‘nysLn’ df drjf dyx dI vkflq kr idwqI. ies nfl ilbrl pfrtI aMdr BfrI crcf sLurU ho geI aqy pfrtI ies mfmly ivwc vMzI geI ivKfeI dyx lwg peI. mOky df lfB AuTfAux vfsqy vwKvfdI blfk ikbYWk pfrtI dy afgU jLUl zUsYWp ny sMsd ivwc ikbYWk vfsqy “kOm” df mqf ilafAux df aYlfn kr idwqf. ilbrl awD ivckfr vMzy hoey sn aqy aYn[ zI[ pI[ pihlF qoN hI ies dy hwk ivwc rhI hY ies nfl Gwt igxqI srkfr dy afgU pRDfn mMqrI sRI hfrpr ksUqI siQqI ivwc PLs gey. acfnk hI sRI hfrpr ny afpxy vloN ikbYWk nMU XUnfeItz kYnyzf ivwc ‘nysLn” df drjf dyx df mqf rwK idwqf aqy ajyhf krdy smyN AuhnF blfk ikbYWk vfly mqy dI iebfrq dy awgy ‘ien XUnfeItz kYnyzf’ lgf idwqf. ies nfl blfk ikbYWk dI siQqI bhuq asMqulq ho geI ikAuNik AuhnF nMU ies dI afs nhIN sI. aMq ivwc blfk pfrtI ny vI pRDfn mMqrI sRI hfrpr dy mqy dI hmfieq krn df aYlfn kr idwqf.

          ieh mqf pfs qF ho igaf hY pr ieh mqf hY kI? ies bfry crcf ies dy pfs ho jfx qoN bfad sLurU hoeI hY. hr koeI ies mqy bfry afpxI afpxI alfp irhf hY. vwKvfdI iDr ies nMU afpxI ijwq dsdI hY ijs nfl AuhnF vwKvfd dI iek pOVI sr kr leI hY. iqMn PYzrilst pfrtIaF ijhnF dy sMsd mYNbrF ny ies dy hwk ivwc votF pfeIaF hn AuhnF vfsqy AuhnF ny aslIaq nMU mfnqf dy ky vwKvfdIaF  df iek muwdf Koh ilaf hY. ikbYWk dy ilbrl pRIMmIar sRI XF sLrya vfsqy ieh mqf bhuq aihmIaq vflf hY ijs ny “sfry ikbYWkrjL” nMU nysLn (kOm) mMn ilaf hY aqy AuhnF muqfibk ies mqy nfl ikbYWk dy vfsIaF dy “knyzIan” hox `qy koeI asr nhIN ipaf. sRI sLrya ny qF ies qoN KusL ho ik ikbYWk sUby dI sMsd ivwc iek mqf rwK idwqf hY ijs ivwc ies PYzrl mqy `qy KusLI jfhr kridaf ies nMU ikbYWk vfsqy “mwqvpUrn” dwisaf igaf hY.

          ies mqy ivwc aMgryjLI dy lPLjL “ikbYWkrjL” dI jgfH PrYNc df lPLjL “ikbYWkvf” vriqaf igaf hY ijs dy arQ vwK vwK kwZy jf rhy hn. sRI XF sLrya ies nMU sfry ikbYWk vfsI smJdy hn jd ik sRI hfrpr dy ikbYWk sUby dy lYPtInYNt sInIar mMqrI sRI lfrYNs kYnn ies nMU PrYNc ipCokV dy ikbYWk vfsI smJdy hn. jy sfry ikbYWkrjL hI ies mqy nfl “kOm” bx gey hn qF ies pYmfny nfl kYnyzf df hr sUbf hI “kOm” df drjf hfsl kr skdf hY. pr jy ieh mMn leIey ik ies mqy nfl isrPL ikbYWk dy PrYNc ipCokV dy vsnIk hI “kOm” jF nysLn mMny gey hn qF ieh svfl pYdf huMdf hY ik ikbYWk qoN bfhr hor sUibaF ivwc vwsdy PrYNc ipCokV dy sLihrI ies pRIBfsLf qoN bfhr ikAuN hn jd ik Auh vI PrYNc ipCokV dy knyzIan hI hn.

          jy ies mqy nfl sfry ikbYWk vfsI hI “nysLn” (kOm) bx gey hn qF iPr ikbYWk ivwc vwsdy aYNglo-knyzIan aqy lwKF nvyN iemIgrMtF df drjf kI hoieaf? jy PrYNc ipCokV, aYNglo ipCokV aqy drjnF hor dysLF, kOmIaqF aqy bolIaF dy ipCokV vfly sfry ikbYWk vfsI hI “iek kOm” bx skdy hn qF iPr kOm (nysLn) dI Es tksflI pRIBfsLf df kI bixaF ijs muqfibk iek Kfs BUgoilk iKwqy ivwc vwsdy  lok ijhnF ivwc bolI aqy siBafcfrk sFJ hovy, Auh kOm jF nysLn huMdy hn. ies mqy ny sfrIaF pfrtIaF dI smyN dI isafsI loV nMU qF pUrf kr idwqf hY pr ies dy nfl hI keI hor svfl KVy kr idwqy hn ijhnF df juvfb hr iksy kol afpxf afpxf hY.

          kYnyzf dy muZly vsnIk ijhnF nMU ‘nyitv ieMzIan’ afiKaf jFdf hY icrF qoN “Pst nysLnjL” jF kYnyzf dIaF pihlIaF kOmIaqF dy qOr `qy jfxy jFdy hn. AuhnF kol pihlF qoN hI “Pst nysLnjL” df drjf hY pr AuhnF kol afpxf vwKrf rfj ikDry nhIN hY. hF jy hY qF vwKrIaF “rIjLrvjL” hn ijhnF df drjf sLihrF dI imAuNspl kmytIaF qoN vwD nhIN hY. vwKvfdIaF dI ieh KusL-PihmI ik “nysLn” dy mqy jF drjy nfl vwKrf rfj sQfpq krn df rsqf sfPL ho igaf, bhuq glLq hY. kYnyzf ivwc pihlF qoN hI do kOmI BfsLvF mMnIaF geIaF hn aqy ieh dovyN PrYNc aqy aMgryjLI, kYnyzf nMU kYnyzf df rUp dyx vflIaF do “kOmF” PrYNcF aqy aMgryjLF dIaF BfsLfvF hn. PrYNc nMU kOmI BfsLf df drjf dyx nfl jo kuJ hfsl ho cwukf hY Aus qoN vwD ieh “nysLn” vflf nvF mqf kuJ nhIN dy skdf qy nf hI kuJ Koh skdf hY.

          awj dy globl ivlYj ivwc iemIgrysLn kfrn hr dysL Kfs kr pwCmI dysFL dI bdl rhI smfijk bxqr kfrn kOm dI tksflI pRIBfsLf hux lfgU hI nhIN kIqI jf skdI.  iehI kfrn hY ik hux “nysLn” sLbd df ivsQfr krky ies nMU “isivk” ivsLysLx lgf ik vriqaf jfx lwg ipaf hY. kOm dI tksflI pRIBfsLf muqfibk kYnyzf smyq dunIaF dy bhuqy dysL iek kOm jF iek rfsLtr nhIN mMny jf skdy. awj dy bhuqy dysL aqy jy dunIaF qbfh nf hoeI qF aglI sdI dy qkrIbn sfry hI dysL “isivk nysLnF” hoxgy.  

 

kYNsr rog dy tfkry vfsqy PYzrl srkfr df sLlfGfXog kdm

bIqy hPLqy kYnyzf dy pRDfn mMqrI sRI stIvn hfrpr ny kYNsr dy mfrU rog dy tfkry vfsqy kOmI pwDr `qy nvIN phuMc apxfAux df aYlfn kIqf hY. dysL dIaF ishq syvfvF leI PYzrl srkfr hr sfl motI rkm KrcdI hY pr ikAuNik ishq syvfvF subfeI aiDkfr Kyqr hyT afAuNdIaF hn ies leI hr sUby ivwc ishq syvfvF df imafr aqy ZMg qrIkf vwKrf vwKrf hY. ieMJ afK lE ik sfry kYnyzf ivwc ishq syvfvF  df imafr iek nhIN hY. subfeI hYlQ kyar pRogrfm afpxy afpxy ZMg aqy subfeI srkfrF vloN inrDfrq nIqIaF hyT syvfvF idMdf hY. sfry sUibaF ivwc vwK vwK iksm dy aprysLnF, pRosIjLrF aqy dvfeIaF dI kvryj vI vwK vwK hY. vwK vwK bImfrIaF dy ielfj vfsqy smF sImF jF kih lE vyitMg tfeIm aqy dvfeIaF dI nIqI vI vwK vwK hY. ies qrF iek dysL huMidaF hoieaF vI dysL dy 10 sUibaF aqy 3 tYrytorIjL ivwc vwK vwK imafr dIaF ishq syvfvF hn.

          PYzrl srkfr sdf hI ishq syvfvF vfsqy sUibaF nMU idwqI jFdI mflI mdd nfl “sLrqF” lgfAuNdIaF afeI hY qF ik ishq syvfvF  dy pwDr ivwc sihjy sihjy ieksurqf ilaFdI jf sky pr ikAuNik ishq iek subfeI aiDkfr Kyqr df mfmlf hY ies leI sMpUrn ieksurqf sMBv nhIN hY.

          AuNJ qF hr iksm dy rog qoN pIVHq sLihrI jld qoN jld ielfj cfhuMdf hY pr kYNsr iek ajyhf rog hY ijs ivwc rog dy pqf lgdy sfr qurMq aqy kfrgr ivDI nfl kIqf ielfj rogI nMU mOq dy mUMh ivcoN bcf skdf hY. dysL Br ivwc kYNsr rog dy ielfj ivwc lgdy smyN aqy qOr qrIky bfry awj qwk jo jfxkfrI mfhrF vloN iekwqr kIqf  geI hY Aus muqfibk rogI nMU bhuq vfr keI keI hPLqy qoN keI mhIny qwk AuzIk krnI pYNdI hY ijs nfl kYNsr hor PYl jFdI hY aqy ielfj hor pfcIdf, mihMgf aqy “mfrU” ho jFdf hY. kYNsr dy rogI nMU smyN isr imlI kImoQrYpI, ryzIeysLn QfrYpI jF aprysLn, mOq aqy ijMdgI df Prk pf skdf hY. kOmI pwDr dI kYNsr kyar df pRbMD nf hox kfrn bhuq sfry afm kYNsr rogI ivqoN vwD mihMgIaF dvfeIaF kfrn amIr zrwg kMpnIaF dI “luwt” df isLkfr vI huMdy hn.

          pRDfn mMqrI ny bIqy hPLqy aYlfnI geI kOmI nIqI hyT “knyzIan pfrtnisLp agyNst kYNsr” nfm dI sMsQf kfiem kIqI hY ijs df cyarmYn jYWP lojLn nMU bxfieaf igaf hY. ieh nvIN sMsQf ishq mMqrfly qoN ajLfd rUp ivwc kMm krygI aqy ies df pMj sfl leI afpxf vwKrf 260 imlIan zflr df bjt hovygf. 55 sflf cyarmYn jYWP lojLn ishq syvfvF dy pRbMDkI Kyqr ivwc afpxI DFk jmf cuwkf hY aqy kYNsr rog nMU kfbU krn vfsqy Aus qoN vwzIaF afsF rwKIaF jf skdIaF hn. jYWP lojLn torFto dy syNt mfeIkljL hspqfl df 1992 ivwc Es smyN cyarmYn bixaF sI jd hspqfl isr 63 imlIan zflr df krjLf sI. Aus dy XqnF nfl syNt mfeIkljL hspqfl 1998 ivwc krjLf mukq kr ilaf igaf aqy hux syNt mfeIkljL AuhnF kuJ hspqflF ivwcoN iek hY jo hr sfl bYlMsz bjt vfly hn. hspqfl df bjt Gftf dUr krdy smyN jYWP lojLn ny syvfvF nMU pRBfvq nhIN hox idwqf aqy ieh kMm kuClqf (aYPIsLYNsI) qy nvyN PMz ryijLMg duafrf kIqf. sfl 2005 ivwc slfnf $612,230 zflr dI qnKfh aqy Bwqy pRfpq krn vflf jYWP lojLn EntyrIE sUby ivwc vwD qnKfh pRfpq krn vflf dUjf vwzf hspqfl pRbMDk (agjLyikitv) hY. 36 sfl dI Aumr ivwc azmMtn dy hspqfl df cIPL-agjLYikitv bnx vflf jYWP lojLn ies Kyqr ivwc coKf qjrbf rwKdf hY aqy pRDfn mMqrI sRI hfrpr ny kYNsr kyar vfsqy bxfeI geI sMsQf vfsqy vDIaf afgU dI cox kIqI hY.

          knyzIan kYNsr sosfietI muqfibk ies sfl aMdfjLn 153,100 knyzIan sLihrI kYNsr rog qoN pIVHq pfey jfxgy ijhnF ivcoN 70,400 dy krIb ies rog kfrn mOq nMU ipafry ho jfxgy. mfhrF muqfibk nvIN kOmI pwDr dI kYNsr kyar agly 30 sflF ivwc 1[2 imlIan knyzIan lokF nMU ies mfrU rog df isLkfr hoxo bcf skygI aqy 420,000 kYNsr rogIaF dI jfn bcf lvygI. nvIN kYNsr kyar strYtjI (phuMc) nfl dysL dy ishq isstm nMU bhuq vwzf lfB puwjygf aqy ies nfl 30 sflF ivwc 30 iblIan zflr dI isDI bcq hovygI. ieh Auh Krcf hY jo kYNsr qoN pIVHq mrIjLF `qy Krc afAuNdf hY. mfhrF vwloN idwqy gey aMkVy bhuq vwzy jfpdy hn aqy ies nfl cyarmYn jYWP lojLn df Bfr aqy ijMmyvfrI hor vI vD jFdI hY. “knyzIan pfrtnisLp agyNst kYNsr” nfm dI ies nvIN sMsQf dI cyarmYnI dy nfl jYWP lojLn, syNt mfeIkljL hspqfl df pRDfn vI bixaF rhygf. “knyzIan pfrtnisLp agyNst kYNsr” df vfeIs cyarmYn zfktr sfeImn sutkilPL nMU nfmjd kIqf igaf hY jo ik ies smyN bI[ sI[ sUby  dI kYNsr eyjMsI df pRDfn hY. nYsLnl pwDr `qy kYNsr kyar vfsqy ishq mMqrfly qoN ajLfd sMsQf KVI krky pRDfn mMqrI ny bhuq hI sLlfGfXog kdm puwitaf hY aqy ies qoN cMgIaF afsF rwKIaF jf skdIaF hn.

-blrfj idEl

 


qbfhI iknfry KVy ierfk dI iqkonI vMz dI rcI jf rhI hY sfijsL!

          dunIaF dI ieko iek supr-pfvr amrIkf dI Cqr-Cfieaf hyT ierfk dI hflq bd qoN bdqr huMdI jf rhI hY. akqUbr mhIny dy aMkVy dwsdy hn ik ies mhIny ivwc 3709 ierfkI sLihrI ihMsf dI ByNt cVHy hn jo ik hr rojL aOsqn 120 qoN vwD bxdy hn. ieh aMkVy sMXukq rfsLtr ny buwDvfr nMU jfrI kIqy hn aqy ikhf hY ik 3709 mOqF ivcoN 70% rfjDfnI bgdfd ivwc jF afspfs hI hoeIaF hn. aprYl 2003 ivwc amrIkn kbjLy qoN bafd hux qwk 2 imlIan ierfkI dysL Cwz ky ivdysL jf cuwky hn aqy hux hr mhIny 1 lwK ierfkI dysL Cwz rhy hn. ieMJ ierfk afpxy 8% sLihrI qF pRvfs kfrn hI guaf cuwkf hY, ihMsk qy byvkq mOqF kfrn ipaf Gftf vwKrf hY.

          iqMn ku imlIan dI abfdI vfly torFto sLihr ivwc jy sfl Br ivwc 60 ku qoN vwD kql ho jfx qF  imAuNspl, subfeI aqy PYzrl lYvl qwk dIaF iqMny srkfrF nMU vKq pY jFdf hY. pr hux 25-26 imlIan dI abfdI vfly ierfk ivwc rojLfnf svf sO kql ho rhy hn ijs qoN dunIaF dy hr sLihrI nMU icMquq hoxf cfhIdf hY. nvMbr 23 dIaF KLbrF muqfibk 22 nbMr dy idn ierfk ivwc 130 sLihrI ihMsf dI ByNt cVHy hn.

          iek aMdfjLy muqfibk ierfk ivwc jd qoN amrIkf kfbjL hoieaf hY koeI 6 lwK dy krIb sLihrI vwK vwK ihMsk kfrnF krky afpxIaF jfnF guaf cuwky hn. BfvyN amrIkf iehnF aMkiVaF nMU mMnx nMU iqafr nhIN hY pr vwK vwK sroqF qoN iml rhIaF KbrF muqfibk Gwto Gwt 5 lwK ierfkI afpxI jfnF dI blI dy cwuky hn. 25-26 imlIan dI abfdI ivcoN awDy imlIan dI jfnF df cly jfxf bhuq vwzf Gftf hY. hflq eynI Krfb hY ik amrIkf dy kbjLy vflI srkfr ny keI sfl qF ierfkI mOqF dy aMkVy hI nhIN rwKy aqy hux amrIkf dI kTpuqlI srkfr ny bIqy sfl qoN kuJ aMkVy rwKxy sLurU kIqy hn pr ajy vI bhuq sfrIaF mOqF iksy igxqI ivwc nhIN afAuNdIaF.

          AuNJ BfvyN ierfk ivwc ho rhI ihMsf bfry afeI hr Kbr hI drdnfk huMdI hY pr ies hPLqy afeI iek KLbr bhuq hI idl nMU ihlf dyx vflI hY. ieh KLbr keI pricaF ivwc pRkfsLq ho cuwkI hY aqy al-jjLIrf aqy bI[ bI[ sI[ smyq bhuq sfry tI[ vI[ stysLnF `qy tYlIkfst vI ho cuwkI hY. ieh drdnfk khfxI hY iek 54 sflf bdiksmq bfp dI hY ijs dy iqMn dy iqMn puwqr hI ihMsf dI ByNNt cVH cuky hn. tYlIkfst aqy pRkfsLq hoeIaF KLbrF ivwc aibd al-sqfr EbId nfm df ieh aBfgf  ivakqI afkfsL vwl hwQ kr ky kurlfAuNdf hoieaf afKdf hY, “mYN hux iekwlf hF myrf koeI puwqr nhIN bicaf.”

          bgdfd dy dwKxI ihwsy ivwc dorf nfm dI bsqI df vsnIk aibd al-sqfr EbId nf qF isafsq ivwc hI hY aqy nf hI srkfrI nOkrI hI krdf hY. Aus df ieko iek ksUr ieh hY ik Auh ierfk dI suMnI brfdrI nfl sbMDq hY aqy bgdfd dy suMnI iekfly df vsnIk hY. ies smyN ierfk ivwc suMnI aqy sLIaf lok iek dUjy dy KUn dI holI Kyz rhy hn aqy jmhUrIaq df qoaPLf dyx afieaf amrIkf mUk drsLk bx ky vyK irhf hY. ierfk dy sLIaf aqy suMnI keI sdIaF qoN iek dUjy dy dusLmx rhy hn pr afpsI kqlo gfrq kdy awj vflI pwDr AuWqy nhIN hoeI.

          aibd al-sqfr EbId df iek bytf, iek Brf aqy ies Brf dy do byty kuJ hPLqy pihlF ax-pCfqy bMdUk DfrIaF ny mfr idwqy sn.  sQfnk irvfj muqfibk bIqy aYqvfr nMU iehnF cfr svrgvfsI afqmfvF dI Xfd ivwc pirvfr aqy irsLqydfr aMiqm iekwT kr rhy sn ijs nMU mkfx jF aMiqm iebfdq afiKaf jf skdf hY. sLfm dy ho rhy ies mfqmI iekwT `qy acfnk 20 dy krIb DfVvI tuwt pey jo ik bdnfm aftomYitk sMqflIaF (kilsLnfkov) aqy ipsqOlF nfl lYs sn. ieh kfql eyny hOsly ivwc sn ik iehnF ny afpxy ichry qwk vI kwjy hoey nhIN sn. aibd al-sqfr EbId dyy dwsx muqibk Auh hmlfvrF awgy goizaF Bfr ho ky iksy nMU vI nf mfrn dI BIK mMgx lwgf ipaf. aibd al-sqfr EbId ny igVigVf ky ikhf ik Aus dy pirvfr ny iksy nMU vI qMg nhIN kIqf aqy Aus nMU ies qrF dI sjLf nf idwqI jfvy.  kfql kurlfAuNdy hoey bfp dy sfhmxy hI Aus dy bcdy do byitaF nMU golIaF nfl BuwMn ky cldy bxy. jd golIaF dI gVgVfht rukI qF mkfxy afey swB lok afpxIaF jfnF bcf ky Bwj cuwky sn aqy aibd al-sqfr EbId afpxy do puwqrF dIaF lfsLF kol iekwlf hI kurlf irhf sI. Aus ny puils nMU bulfieaf pr sfrI rfq koeI nf bhuiVaf qy Auh sfrI rfq lfsLF kol bYTf qVpqf irhf.

          ies sLfm Aus df 28 sflf bytf alI aqy 27 sflf bytf Qyar ihMsf dI ByNt cVH gey sn jd ik qIjf bytf kuJ hPLqy pihlF mfr idwqf igaf sI. nMgy pYrIN KVf aibd al-sqfr EbId pRYs nMU dwsdf hY ik Aus dy mfry gey iek byty dy pMj bwcy hn, dUjy dIaF do bytIaF hn aqy qIjy dIaF vI do bytIaF hn pr hux Aus dy sfry puwqr mfr idwqy gey hn. “mYnMU nhIN pqf mYN iehnF sfry bwicaF df kI krFgf myry kol hux koeI pwuqr nhIN hY”, afKdf hoieaf aibd al-sqfr afpxI sLfqI ipwtdf hY.

          awj ierfk ivwc amrIkf aqy kfql toilaF dI jfn nMU rox vflf aibd al-sqfr iekwlf nhIN hY. hr rojL hI sYNkVy bdnsIb aibd al-sqfr ieh roxf roNdy hn. dunIaF ivwc ajyhIaF drdnfk GtnfvF aksr kdy kdfeIN vfprdIaF rihMdIaF hn pr ierfk ivwc ieh hr rojL vfprdIaF hn aqy aprYl 2003 qoN vfpr rhIaF hn aqy iehnF ivwc idno idn vfDf ho irhf hY.

          ies hPLqy lMdn ivwc bolidaF amrIkf dy sfbkf ivdysL mMqrI hYnrI kisMjr ny ikhf hY ik ierfk ivwc amrIkf jF amrIkf dI shfieqf nfl kfiem kIqI geI srkfr vfsqy “POjI ijwq” sMBv nhIN hY. Aus ny ieh vI mMinaF hY ik hflqf ijAuN dy iqAuN rwKxy vI sMBv nhIN hn aqy POjF kwZ ky Bwj afAuxf vI koeI bdl nhIN hY. kisMjr ny mMinaF hY ik jy amrIkf ierfk Cwz ky Bwj afAuNdf hY qF gRihXuwD hor vI qyjL ho jfvygf aqy ierfk iqMn ihisaF ivwc vMizaf jfvygf. zr ieh vI hY ik ierfk al-kfiedf aqy ieslfimk kwtVvfd df awzf bx jfvygf.

          amrIkf dI swjI bFh smJy jFdy brqfnIaF dy pRDfn mMqrI ny kwl ieh afK idwqf hY ik brqfnvI POjF sfl 2007 ivwc ierfk ivcoN ivDIvwD ZMg nfl kwZ leIaF jfxgIaF. ies aYlfn nfl amrIkf `qy dbfE hor vD igaf hY. amrIkf ivwc huxy hoeIaF sMsdI coxF ivwc hfr jfx qoN bfad  pRDfn busL, pihlF hI jyqU zYmokryitk pfrtI vloN ierfk aprysLn nMU jldI smytx vfsqy dbfE hyT afieaf hoieaf hY.

          amrIkf dIaF dovF pRmuK rfjsI pfrtIaF dI sFJI kmytI “ierfk stwzI gruwp” vI jldI hI afpxIaF isPLrsLF amrIkn pRDfn nMU sONpx vflf hY. ieh gurwp amrIkf dy sfbkf ivdysL mMqrI jymjL bykr dI sdfrq hyT kMm kr irhf hY aqy bykr afp rIpbilkn pfrtI nfl sbMDq hY aqy sfbkf pRDfn rIgn qy jfrj buwsL sInIar  dy rfj kfl ivwc mMqrI rih cuwkf hY.

          mfhrF df ivcfr hY ik amrIkf AuhI krygf jo amrIkf dy ihwqF ivwc hovygf aqy jLrUrI nhIN ik jo amrIkf dy ihwq ivwc hovygf Auh ierfk jF ierfk dy lokF dy vI ihwq ivwc hovygf.

          ies hPLqy brqfnIaF ny amrIkI nIqI nfloN pfsf vwtidaF  ierfk ivwc sLFqI dI bhflI vfsqy gvFzI mulk ierfn aqy sIrIaf dy rol leI vI hfmI Br idwqI hY aqy sIrIaf df ivdysL mMqrI ierfk df dOrf vI kr afieaf hY. dovyN dysL sPLfrqI sbMD bhfl krn vfsqy vI sihmq ho gey hn.

          ierfn dy rfsLtrpqI vloN kuJ idn pihlF ierfk aqy sIrIaf dy rfsLtrpqIaF nMU ies hPLqfaMq `qy qihrfn ivwc iek ivsLysL mIitMg leI swdf vI idwqf igaf hY ijs nMU ierfk dy rfsLtrpqI ny pRvfn vI kr ilaf hY. ieh sfrf Gtnf cwkr ierfk ivwc amrIkf dI lgfqfr kmjLor pY rhI pkV vwl sMkyq krdf hY. amrIkf ivwc iek kYNp jo ik rIpbilkn pfrtI vwloN rfsLtrpqI dI cox lVn dy ieCuk sYnytr mkyn dI rihnumfeI hyT kMm krdf hY ajy vI ierfk ivwc POjF dI igxqI 144,000 qoN vDf ky 175,000 jF 200,000 qwk kr dyx dI vkflq kr irhf hY.

          ierfk ivwc hflq ijs ZMg nfl ivgV rhy hn aqy amrIkf ijhnF aMdrUnI aqy bfhrI pRsiQWqIaF ivcoN guujLr irhf hY AuhnF qoN jfpdf hY ik ierfk dI iqkonI vMz dI sfijsL rcI jf rhI hY. ijs nMU ierfkIaF isr mVn vfsqy ZukvyN bhfny pYdf krn vfly hflfq isrjy jf rhy hn. ies iqkonI vMz ivwc ierfk df AuqrI-pUrbI ihwsf 15-16% kurdF df dysL bx jfvygf, dwKxI ierfk df vwzf ihwsf 60% sLIaf df dysL bx jfvygf aqy bcdf ivckfrlf ihwsf 20 ku % suMnI abfdI df dysL bx jfvygf.  ierfk dI ajyhI vMz hor KUMn Krfby df kfrn bxygI ijs dI iswDI ijLMmyvfrI amrIkf isr hovygI. ierfk dI vMz bsqIvfdI qfkqF vloN Bfrq, korIaf, vIaqnfm aqy PLlsqIn dI kIqI geI vMz dy duKFq nMU iPr duhrfeygI.

-blrfj idEl

 


 

iek hlkf iek pMjfbI AumIdvfr df qrk votrF ny pUrI qrF nkfiraf!

 

          EntyrIE sUby ivwc bIqy somvfr, nvMbr 13 nMU hoeIaF isivk coxF ivwc drjnF pMjfbI AumIdvfr KVy sn ijhnF ivcoN isrPL sRI ivwkI iZloN nMU hI kfmXfbI imlI hY. bhuqy AumIdvfr pMjfbIaF dI sMGxI vwsoN vfly sLihrF dy hlikaF ivwcoN hI KVy sn aqy sRI ivkI iZloN nMU brYNptn dy ijs hlky ivcoN kfmXfbI imlI hY Es hlky ivwc vI pMjfbIaF dI BrvIN vwsoN hY. BfvyN kuJ lokF ny brYNptn dy vfrz 9-10 ijwQoN sRI ivkI iZloN kfmXfb hoey hn, ivwc 60% vwsoN pMjfbIaF dI hox dy dfavy kIqy sn pr ieh dfavy swc nhIN hn. kuJ lokF dy dfaivaF dy Elt nf qF vfrz 9-10 ivwc pMjfbIaF dI vwsoN 60% hY aqy nf hI brYNptn sLihr ivwc pMjfbIaF dI vwsoN ajy 40% hoeI hY. pMjfbI votrF dI igxqI qF ies qoN ikqy Gwt hY ikAuNik isrPL knyzIan istIjn hI vot pf skdf hY aqy pMjfbIaF dI kul vsoN df msF 35-40% qoN Gwt ihwsf hI knyzIan sLihrI hY. aYsf mhOl jLrUr bxdf jf irhf hY ijs nfl brYNptn sLihr ivwc nyV BivK ivwc pMjfbIaF dI vwsoN  nf isrPL 40% ho jfvygI sgoN ies qoN vI twp jfvygI pr ies nMu kuJ smF hor lwgygf. pMjfbI vsoN dy aMkVy ibnF iksy Tos aDfr dy pysL krky asIN “pYr hyT btyrf” afAux dI afs nfl aglIaF coxF ivwc AumIdvfr bnx vfilaF dI igxqI ivwc vfDf nhIN krnf cfhuMdy.

          coxF ivwc AumIdvfr bnxf hr sLihrI df hwk hY jo coxF ivwc KVn dIaF inrDfrq sLrqF pUrIaF krdf hovy pr inrIaF sLrqF pUrIaF krn  nfl hI AumIdvfr kfbl jF ZukvF AumIdvfr nhIN bx jFdf. iksy AumIdvfr dI kfmXfbI vfsqy Aus df lokF ivwc aDfr hoxf bhuq jLrUrI hY aqy aDfr bxfAux vfsqy lokF ivwc kMm krnf pYNdf hY ijs vfsqy smF lgdf hY. ieh vwKrI gwl ik iksmq aqy hflfq vI ijwq aqy hfr ivwc mhwqpUrn rol adf krdy hn kuJ lok iksmq nMU “cFs” (mOkf) jF hflfq afKxf vDyry psMd krngy.

          iehnF coxF ivwc keI AumIdvfrF ny afpxy afp nMU afpxy hlky df ieko iek pMjfbI, ieko iek iswK, ieko iek BfrqI BfeIcfry df AumIdvfr jF ieko iek sfAUQ eysLIan BfeIcfry df AumIdvfr afK ky vI KUb pRcfiraf sI. coxF qoN pihlF vI pMjfbI BffeIcfry dy keI lokF ny iek hlky ivcoN iek AumIdvfr sIlYkt krn dI koisLsL kIqI sI ijs ivwc kuJ hlikaF ivwc sPLlqf vI imlI pr ieh sPLlqf AumIdvfrI qwk hI sImq rhI ies nfl coxF ivwc kfmXfbI hfsl nhIN hoeI. ies qoN jfpdf hY ik “iek hlkf iek pMjfbI AumIdvfr” df qrk votrF ny pUrI qrF nkfr idwqf hY. votrF ny votF afpxy psMd dy AumIdvfrF nMU hI vot pfeI hY ies vfsqy rMg, jfq jF Drm nMU aDfr nhIN bxfieaf jo ik iek vDIaf ruJfn hY ijs nfl jmhUrIaq hor mjLbUq hoeI hY. kYnyzf vrgy bhu-nslI smfj ivwc “afpxy” df qrk bhuq Gfqk sfbq ho skdf hY aqy asIN ies “afpxy” vfly qrk df sLurU qoN hI ivroD kIqf hY. ies qoN jfpdf hY ik sfzI soc votrF dI soc dy anukUl hI sI hflF ky kuJ lok sfzI eys soc df ivroD vI krdy sn. keIaF ny qF ies kfrn KLbrnfmf ivcoN afpxIaF vpfrk aYzF vI bMd krvf idwqIaF sn. asIN ivcfr vyc ky kdy aYzF df vpfr nhIN kIqf aqy nf hI ajyhf krn df sfzf ierfdf hY.

          torFto mhF ngrI dy afspfs KVy pMjfbI AumIdvfrF nMU imlIaF votF vl vyKIey qF jfpdf hY ik “iek hlky qoN iek pMjfbI AuumIdvfr” dy qrk nfl myl KFdy hflqF ivwc KVy AumIdvfr vI bhuqI vDIaf kfrgujLfrI nhIN ivKf sky.  dUjy pfsy brYNptn dy vfrz 9-10 qoN ijwqy sRI ivkI iZloN ies hlky qoN KVy iqMn pMjfbI AumIdvfrF dy huuMdy hoey vI ijwq gey hn. jy ies hlky qoN KVy pfiksqfnI ipCokV dy AumIdvfr sRI nfeIm milk nMU vI afpxf mn leIey qF ies hlky qoN 4 AumIdvfr “afpxy” sn pr sRI ivkI iZloN iPr vI ijwq gey hn. iehnF cfrF smyq hlky qoN kul AumIdvfrF dI igxqI 6 sI. ieh vwKrI gwl hY ik sRI ivkI iZloN dI ijwq ivwc jF isitMg kONslr sRI gfrint mYinMg dI hfr ivwc qIjy drjy `qy afAux vflI AumIdvfrf bIbI stYlf aYNblr df bhuq Xogdfn hY ikAuNik bIbI aYNblr gfrint dIaF eynIaF ku votF BMn geI ik sRI iZloN gfritn qoN awgy inkl gey. sRI iZloN ny kul 4700 votF hfsl kIqIaF jd ik gfrint mYinMg ny 4259 aqy stYlf aYNblr ny 4029 votF hfsl kIqIaF ijs nfl ieh iqkonI twkr bx geI sI. ies hlky qoN sRI mndIp DflIvfl vI 2879 votF hfsl kr ky vDIaf kfrgujLfrI ivKf gey hn. ies ijwq ivwc sRI ivkI iZloN  aqy AuhnF dI kMpyn tIm dI imhnq aqy sRI iZloN vloN ivvfd rihq qy DVybMDI qoN Aupr AuT ky clfeI geI sfPL kMpyn nMU vI njLraMdfjL nhIN kIqf jf skdf. bIqy 6-7 sflF qoN sRI iZloN lgfqfr lokF dIaF njLrF sfhmxy rhy hn aqy ies pojIsLn nMU hfsl krn vfsqy XqnsLIl vI rhy hn ijs df aMq ivwc AuhnF nMU lfB hoieaf hY.

          ies dy mukfbly vfrz 3-4 qoN istI kONslr vfsqy “afpxy ieko iek AumIdvfr” dy pYnfmy nfl myc KFdy sRI blbIr bfbrf isrPL 3212 votF hI hfsl kr sky hn jd ik jyqU sRI bfb kYlfhfn 8094 votF lY ky ijwqy hn. iesy hlky qoN “afpxy ieko iek AumIdvfr” dy pYnfmy nfl myc KFdy rIjnl kONslr leI AumIdvfr sRI suKvMq TyTI vI isrPL 3042 votF hI hfsl kr sky hn jd ik jyqU sRI john sYNzrsn 5723 votF lY ky ijwqy hn aqy dUjy drjy `qy rihx vflI sUjLn zImfrko ny 5431 votF hfsl kIqIaF hn. jfhr hY ik hlky dy lokF ny “afpxy” nMU cunx vfsqy afpxf vwKrf pYmfnf vriqaf hY. vfrz 1-5 qoN istI kONslr vfsqy sRI jgqfr sLyrigwl vI isrPL 1034 votF hI hfsl kr sky hn jd ik jyqU AumIdvfr sRI grFt igbsn ny 5335 votF leIaF hn.

          torFto dy vfrz 1 ijs ivwc rYkszyl df pMjfbIaF dI BrvIN vwsoN vflf ielfkf pYNdf hY ivcoN, sUjLn hfl 4878 votF lY ky jyqU rhI hY jd ik “afpxy ieko iek AumIdvfr” dy pYnfmy nfl myc KFdI AumIdvfrf bIbI sunflI vrmf 2999 votF lY ky dUjy drjy `qy afeI hY. hor hlikaF dy mukfbly bIbI sunflI vrmf dI ies hlky `c horF dy mukbly kfrgujLfrI kfPLI cMgI afKI jf skdI hY. eysy qrF brYNptn dy vfrz 9-10 qoN rIjnl kONslr vfsqy BfrqI mUl dy 4 AumIdvfr KVy hMuidaF hoieaF 3707 votF lY ky dUjy drjy rhy sRI swqpfl jOhl dI kfrgujLfrI vI cMgI afKI jf skdI hY.

          imsIsfgf dy vfrz nM: 5 ijs ivwc mfltn df pMjfbIaF dI sMGxI vwsoN vflf ielfkf pYNdf hY ivcoN ies vfr iPr bIbI vIv aYzmjL dUjI vfr jyqU rhI hY aqy Aus ny 5704 votF hfsl kIqIaF hn. ies hlky qoN kul 10 AumIdvfr sn aqy iehnF ivwc “afpxy ieko iek AumIdvfr” dy pYnfmy nfl myc KFdy sRI krm isMG pUnIaF vI KVy sn. ieko iek pMjfbI hMuidaF hoieaF vI sRI pUnIaF ny 2352 votF hI hfsl kIqIaF hn. iqMn sfl pihlF sfl 2003 ivc hoeIaf coxf dy nqIjy vyKIey qF bIbI eIv aYzmjL 3793 votF lY ky ijwqI sI jd ik hux 5704 votF lY geI hY. sfl 2003 dIaF coxF ivwc ies vfrz ivcoN 22 dy krIb Aumdvfr sn ijhnF ivcoN 6-7 dy krIb pMjfbI sn aqy keI hor BfrqI jF pfiksqfnI mUl dy vI sn. dfavy kIqy gey sn ik bIbI eIv dI 2003 ivwc ijwq df kfrn bhuqy pMjfbI AumIdvfrF d KVnf sI ijs nMU iehnF cox nqIijaF ny JuTlf idwqf hY. iehnF coxF ivwc kul 10 AumIdvfr sn qy sRI pUnIaF ieko iek pMjfbI AumIdvfr sn. pMjfbI mIzIey df bhuqf ihwsf AuhnF dI pUrI mdd kr irhf sI aqy bhuq sfry Auh isafsI qy Dfrimk afgU vI sRI pUnIaF vl sn ijhnF df pwK sRI pUnIaF bIqy ivwc pUrdy rhy sn jF ijhnF nfl sRI pUnIaF dy isafsI ivcfr myl KFdy sn. sfl 2003 ivwc KVy kul pMjfbI AumIdvfrF dIaF kul votF dy mukfbly iehnF coxF ivwc sRI pUnIaF nMU Gwt votF peIaF hn.  Xfd rwKx vflI gwl ieh hY ik sfl 2003 ivwc sRI pUnIaF vI ies vfrz qoN AumIdvfr sn aqy mIzIey ivwc ivcrdy hox kfrn vI lok AuhnF nMU jfxdy hn pr iPr vI “ieko iek afpxy” df asr iehnF cox nqIijaF ivcoN nhIN imldf.

          coxF qoN bafd iek pMjfbI prcy ny sRI pUnIaF df pRqIkrm idMdy hoey ieMJ iliKaf, “ieh hfr myrI nhIN sfzy sfry BfeIcfry dI hY.”  sfnUM sRI pUnIaF dy ies pRkfsLq ibafn qoN hYrfnI hoeI hY ikAuNik AumIdvfr qF sRI pUnIaF afp sn, sfrf BfeIcfrf nf qF AumIdvfr sI aqy nf hI coxF ivwc AumIdvfr iksy BfeIcfry dy aDfr `qy KVy kIqy jFdy hn jF KVy kIqy jf skdy hn jF KVy kIqy jfxy cfhIdy hn. jmhUrIaq ivwc pihlI ijwq jmhUrI aml dI huMdI hY qy dUjI ijwq votrF dI huMdI ijhnF dIaF votF jyqU df PYslf krdIaF hn aqy qIjI ijwq asl ivwc ijwq jfx vfly AumIdvfr dI huMdI hY. qknIkI qOr `qy ijwq nf hfsl kr skx vfly AumIdvfr hfry hoey igxy jFdy hn pr “jo hm shrI su mIqu hmfrf]” dy mhF vfk anusfr Auh vI “afpxy” hI huMdy hn.

 

pbilk skUl trstIaF dI cox `c tIcrjL XUnIan dI dKLlaMdfjLI icMqfjnk

         

          iehnF isivk coxF dy afKrI hPLqy pbilk skUl trwstIaF dI cox ivwc tIcrjL XUnIan dI dKlaMdfjLI bfry kuJ snsnIKyj qwQ bfhr afey hn. jo lok aMgryjLI pRYs rportF pVHdy jF suxdy hn AuhnF  ny ies bfry jLrUr piVHaf jF suixaF hovygf. bIqy sLukrvfr, nvMbr 10 nMU 680 afl inAUjL ryzIE ny ies bfry keI vfr inAUjL bulytn eyar kIqy sn ik sUby dI tIcrjL XUnIan bhuq sfry skUl trwstIaF dI mdd kr rhI hY aqy keI qF AuhnF vloN KVy vI kIqy gey hn. XUnIan “kUpI” dy iek numfieMdy ny 680 vloN brfzkfst inAUjL bulytn ivwc ieh mMinaF vI sI ik “kUpI” bhuq sfry trwstIaF dI mdd kr rhI hY ijs ivwc mflI mdd vI sLfml hY. 680 ryzIE dI ies rport muqfibk torFto ivcoN 20 dy krIb trwstI leI KVy AumIdvfr XUnIan dy shfry cox lV rhy sn aqy pIal, hfltn qy hor rIjnl coxF ivwc vI ajyhf kuJ ho irhf sI.

 

          coxF kYQoilk skUl borzF dy trwstIaF leI vI ho rhIaF sn aqy hflq AuWQy vI ajyhy ho skdy hn pr ikAuNik pbilk skUl borz hI idEkwd borz hn ies leI bhuqI crcf pbilk borzF dI hI hoeI hY. skUl borzF dI afpxy afpxy rIjnF ivwc muZlI ividaf `qy mukMml mnfplI hY aqy mfipaF kol afpxy bwcy pVHfAux vfsqy koeI hor suKfvF bdl nhIN hY. ijs skUl ivwc borz afK dyvy, AuWQy hI afpxf bwcf mfipaF nMU Byjxf pYNdf hY. pRfeIvyt skUl bhuq mihMgy hox kfrn afm sLihrIaF dI jyb qoN bhuq bfhry hn. tYksF df coKf ihwsf vI skUl borzF dI mnfplI dy ihwsy afAuNdf hY ijs qoN koeI vI sLihrI bc nhIN skdf. iksy vI mnfplI ivwc kusLlqf dI Gft afAuxI kudrqI hY aqy sUby dy skUl borzF ivwc ajyhf kuJ hI vfpr irhf hY.  pRqI ividafrQI Krcf hwdF bMny twp irhf hY aqy skUl afpxy afp ivwc “srkfrF” vFg ivcrdy hn.

          skUl borzF dy cuxy hoey trwstI hI hn jo mfipaF aqy ividafrQIaF dI QohVI bhuqI avfjL bx skdy hn. tIcrF smyq skUl dy hor amly dy ihwqF dI rfKI vfsqy qF vwzI vwzIaF qfkqvr XUnIanF hn ijhnF qoN mOky dIaF srkfrF vI zrdIaF hn qy ivroDI iDr ivwc bYTIaF pfrtIaF vI GbrfAuNdIaF hn. skUl borzF dy trwstIaF dIaF coxF ivwc tIcrjL XUnIan dI mfVI motI dKLl aMdfjLI vI sLihrIaF vfsqy gihrI icMqf df ivsLf hY. tIcrjL XUnIanF dI mdd nfl cuxy gey trwstI qF “kciraF dI rfKI igwdV” bhfAux vflI gwl hY. kfnPlYkt afPL ientrYst (ihwqF dy tkrfa) kfrn BivK ivwc ajyhf krn AuWqy mukMml pfbMdI hoxI cfhIdI hY.

-blrfj idEl

 


buwsL nMU krfrf Jtkf

kFgrs df kMtrol Kuwsf

 

          7 nvMbr nMU hoeIaF amrIkn sMsdI coxF ivwc pRDfn buwsL aqy Aus dI rIpbilkn pfrtI nMU krfrf Jtkf lwgf hY. rIpbilkn pfrtI amrIkn sMsd dy dovF sdnF ivwc afpxf bhumwq gvF geI hY. hfAUs afPL rIprjYNititv ijs nMU pMjfbI ivwc pRqIinDI sBf afKdy hn, dIaF kul 435 sItF hn aqy ies ivwc zYmOkrYts nMU spsLt bhumwq iml igaf hY. amrIkn sYint ijs dIaF kul 100 sItF hn ivwc vI zYmOkrYts 49 sItF lY gey hn jd ik rIpbilkn pfrtI dy pwly vI 49 sItF hI peIaF hn. bcdIaF 2 sItF `qy ajLfd ijwqy hn aqy dovyN ajLfd hI zYmOkrYts dy smrQk hn ijs nfl zYmOkrYts nMU 51 sItF d bhumwq iml igaf hY.

          sMsd ivwc rIpbilkn pfrtI df bhumwq guafc jfx nfl pRDfn jfrj buwsL nMU hux afpxy kfrjkfl dy do bcdy sfl zYmOkrYts nfl lYx dyx kr ky hI gujLfrny pYxgy ijs vfsqy afpxI ivdysL nIqI aqy tYks nIqI ivwc CotF dyxIaF pYxgIaF. ivdysL nIqI ivwc ierfk ajyhf muwK muwdf hY ijs vfsqy jfrj buwsL hux mn mrjLI nhIN  kr skygf aqy ivroDI iDr ierfk ivwcoN amrIkf POjF dI vfpsI leI iksy qYa qrIk dI mMg krygI. ivdysL nIqI BfvyN amrIkn rfsLtrpqI dy iswDI hyT afAuNdI hY pr sMsd POjI bjt Kfs kr ierfk XuwD leI bjt dIaF qxIaF iKwc ky pRDfn buwsL dI ierfk nIqI nMU pRBfvq kr skdI hY. rwiKaf mMqrI rmjLPIlz dy asqIPLy nfl jfrj buwsL ny iek qrF nfl nvIN sMsd nMU ieh sMkyq dy idwqf hY ik Auh ajyhf lYx dyx krn vfsqy iqafr hn.  jfrj buwsL jy ierfk sbMDI nrmI ivKfAux vfsqy iqafr vI hox aqy ivroDI iDr koeI ajyhf rlvF PYslf krn leI rjLfmMd vI ho jfvy qF vI amrIkf kol ierfk sbMDI keI suKfvF rsqf nhIN hY ijs nfl Aus dI KlfsI ho sky.

          ierfk amrIkf vfsqy ‘swp dy mUMh ivwc peI kohV ikrlI’ hY ijs nMu Kfx nfl kohVI aqy Cwzx nfl klMkI hox df BYa bixaF hI rhygf. amrIkf dI jld vfpsI nfl ierfk KfnfjMgI df isLkfr ho skdf hY ijs nfl mwDpUrv df sfrf iKwqf asiQrqf df isLkfr ho skdf hY. ies nfl dunIaF leI qyl dI splfeI Kqry ivwc pY skdI hY aqy sfrI dunIaF df arQcfrf qbfh ho skdf hY. ierfk dy toty vI ho skdy hn ijs nfl hor gvFzI dysL vI asiQr ho skdy hn. vwK hoey ierfkI kurd afpxy qurkI, ierfn aqy sIrIaf ivwc vwsdy kurdF nfl sFJ pfAux jF kurdsqfn lYx dI mMg kr skdy hn. aqy vwK hoey ierfkI sLIaf gvFzI dysL eIrfn nfl vI sFJ vDf skdy hn aqy nfl lwgdy sfAUdI arb dy sLIaf BfeIcfry nfl sFJ pf ky sfAUdI arb leI vI Kqrf KVf kr skdy hn. pihlF hI qMg af cuwkf ierfkI suMnI BfeIcfrf jo ik kyNdrI ierfk ivwc vwsdf hY, Auqr pUrb ivwc qyl dy jLKIiraF `qy kfbjL kurdF aqy dwKx ivwc qyl dy jLKIiraF `qy kfbjL sLIaf BfeIcfry dy ivckfr grIbI df jIvn bqIq krn leI mjbUr ho skdf hY. nf qF ierfk dI vMz hI iek sfjLgfr bdl hY aqy nf hI ierfk nMU asfnI nfl iek rwKxf hux sfjLgfr ivKfeI idMdf hY. amrIkf vloN zyZ lwK POjI ierfk ivwc rwKxf qF hux musLkl ho hI igaf hY. afpxy 3 hjLfr PojIaF dIaF jfnF guvF ky aqy 20 hjLfr dy krIb nkfrf krvf ky amrIkf nMU ierfk Kus igaf pRqIq huMdf hY. amrIkf dI nvIN sMsd aqy pRDfn buwsL dovF vsfqy hI BivK ivwc ierfk nIqI iek vwzf cYilMj hovygI.

          dUjf vwzf cYilMj pRDfn buwsL dI afriQk nIqI pRqIq huMdI hY ijs aDIn AuhnF bjt Gfty df ajyhf dOr sLurU kr rwiKaf hY ijs nfl  srkfrI krjLy ivwc KrbF df vfDf hoieaf hY. afpxy kfrj kfl ivwc iek pfsy pRDfn buwsL ny POjI bjt ivwc BfrI vfDf kIqf hY aqy dUjy pfsy vwzIaF kMpnIaF nMU BfrI tYks CotF idwqIaF ijs nfl srkfrI Krcf viDaf hY pr afmdn ivwc kmI afeI hY ijs kfrn  kMm clfAux vfsqy  srkfr krjLf lY rhI hY. awj qoN 6 ku sfl pihlF rItrfier ho rhy pRDfn kilMtn vfDy df bjt Cwz ky gey sn aqy vfps Aus lIh `qy afAux vfsqy amrIkf nMU afriQk nIqI ivwc vwzIaF qbdIlIaF krnIaF pYxgIaF ijs df pRBfv dunIaF dy arQcfry `qy vI pvygf.

-blrfj idEl 


 

 

torI srkfr do sfhs Bry kdm

iemIgrysLn koty ivwc vfDf aqy 'ieMnkm-trwstF' `qy rok

 

          kYnyzf dy iemIgrysLn mMqrI sRI mMtI solbrg ny bIqy somvfr 31 akqUbr nMU sMsd ivwc slfnf iemIgrysLn rport pysL kridaF ies qwQ nMU svIkfr kIqf hY ik kYnyzf nMU vDyry iemIgrMtF dI loV hY. rport ivwc mMqrI ny ikhf hY ik sfl 2007 ivwc 240,000 qoN 265,000 nvyN iemIgrMt ley jfxgy jo ik ies cflU sfl dy koty nfloN 5[2% vwD hY. ies sfl dy koty dI hwd 225,000 qoN 255,000 hY pr aMdfjLf lgfieaf jf irhf hY ik ies hwd qoN vwD iemIgrMt ies sfl kYnyzf dfKl ho skxgy.

          ies qoN pihlF bIqy 15 sflF ivwc slfnf koty ivwc swB qoN vwD vfDf sfl 2002 ivwc kIqf igaf sI aqy ieh vfDf 4[7% sI. iemIgrysLn aqy istIjnisLp mMqrI sRI solbrg ny ikhf hY ik ies vfDy nfl kMpnIaF nMU loVINdy kfmy Bflx aqy pirvfrF nMU muV iekwTy hox dy mOky pRdfn hoxgy. torI srkfr vloN slfnf iemIgrysLn koty ivwc kIqy gey ies vfDy nfl torI pfrtI df iemIgrMt ivroDI hox dy qOKly vI JUTy sfbq hoey hn. ies nfl ieh sfbq huMdf hY ik torI srkfr JUTy vfady krn dI QF dysL dIaF loVF nMU muwK rwK ky iemIgrysLn nIqI nMU lckdfr aqy ZukvIN bxfAux ivwc XkIn rwKdI hY.

          kuJ lok ies 5[2% dy vfDy nMU mfmUlI vfDf afK ky ies nMU nkfrn df Xqn vI krngy pr ajyhy lokF nMU ilbrl srkfrF dy ipCly 13 sfl dy irkfrz vwl vyKxf cfhIdf hY. sfl 1993 ivwc ieh ilbrl pfrtI hI sI ijs ny kYnyzf dI kul abfdI dy 1% dy brfbr hr sfl nvyN iemIgrMt ilafAux df vfadf afpxy ilKqI cox pRogrfm ivwc kIqf sI. rYWz buwk dy nfm nfl jfxy jFdy ies cOx pRogrfm nMU ilbrl srkfr ny 13 ku sfl dy kfrjkfl ivwc kdy vI lfgU nhIN kIqf sgoN iemIgrysLn dI sLrqF nMU lgfqfr sKLq kIqf igaf ijs dy PlsrUp awj 8 lwK dy krIb lok iemIgrysLn dI kqfr ivwc lwgy hoey hn. iehnF 13 sflF ivwc ilbrl pfrtI ny 5 coxF lVIaF aqy hr vfr hI iemIgrMtF nMU sbjL bfg ivKfey pr iemIgrysLn dr abfdI df 1% krn df ilKqI vfadf kdy pUrf nf kIqf. ies abfdI dy 1% dy tIcy muqfibk slfnf 300,000 qoN 320,000 iemIgrMt ley jfxy cfhIdy sn pr iehnF sflF dI aOsq 220,000 dy krIb hI rhI jo ik kIqy gey vfady qoN hr sfl iek lwK Gwt sI.

          dUjy pfsy torI pfrtI ny afpxy cox pRogrfm  ivwc kdy vI ies dr nMU 1% krn df vfadf nhIN kIqf aqy iemIgrysLn nMU dysL aqy lokF dIaF loVF nfl joV ky vyiKaf hY. psr rhI arQ ivvsQf aqy suMgV rhI abfdI kfrn ies mOky afriQkqf dI loV hor kfmy hY aqy srkfr ny ies nMU pUrf krn vfsqy iemIgrysLn ivwc vfDf krn df ZukvF PYslf kIqf hY. ies dy nfl hI srkfr ny ies mflI sfl dOrfn 307 imlIan zflr dy pRogrfm df aYlfn vI kIqf hY ijs nfl nvyN iemIgrMtF dy muV vsyby aqy tRyinMg vgYrf ivwc mdd imlygI. ieh DMn rfsLI iemIgrMtF nMU aMgryjLI aqy PrYNc BfsLf dI isiKaf aqy hor syvfvF dyx vfsqy sUbfeI srkfrF ivwc qksIm kIqI jfvygI.

          mMqrI ny ikhf hY ik srkfr dysL ivwc lybr (kfimaF) dI QuVH nMU pihl dy aDfr `qy lY rhI hY aqy ies loV nMU muwK rwK ky iemIgrysLn nIqI qYa kr rhI hY. mMqrI ny pirvfrk klfjL hyT ley jfx vfly iemIgrMtF ivwc vI vfDf kIqf hY jo ik slfnf 18,000 qoN 19,000 df insLfnf rwiKaf igaf hY. “PYmlI rIXUnIPIkysLn” arQfq ivKry pirvfrF nMU muV joVn vflI klfjL kdy kYnyzf dI iemIgrysLn nIqI df muK Durf hoieaf krdI sI ilbrl srkfrF ny ies nMU pUrI qrF nukry lgf idwqf sI aqy bhuq sfl ies klfjL hyT afAux vfly iemIgrMtF `qy slfnf 11,000 dI hwdbMdI kr idwqI sI. ies klfjL hyT mfpy, BYx-Brf aqy nfny-dfdy afAudy hn. ies nfl pirvfrF dy kysF ivwc lMbIaF lMbIaF lfeInF lwg geIaF sn aqy mfipaF dy kys burI qrF pRBfvq hoey sn. ipClIaF coxF ivwc iemIgrMt BfeIcfry ivwc afpxI Kur rhI sfK nMU BfpidaF mfrtn srkfr ny bhuq dbfE hyT ies koty ivwc 6,000 slfnf df vfDf kr ky kul igxqI 17,000 kIqI sI ijs ivwc hux torI srkfr ny hor vfDf  kIqf hY. ies ivwc koeI sLwk nhIN  hY ik ies klfjL ivwc kIqf igaf vfDf bhuq Gwt hY pr vfDf qF vfDf hI hY aqy ies nMU ilbrl srkfrF dI GtIaf kfrgujLrI dI rOsLnI ivwc hI vyiKaf jfxf cfhIdf hY. vwzy vwzy Poky vfidaF nfloN pUrf kIqf Cotf tIcf jF vfadf ikqy vwD cMgf hY. pqI-pqnI, mfpy, BYx-Brf aqy nfny-dfdy irsLqy aDIn kul tIcf 67,000 qoN 69,000 df imiQaf igaf hY ijs df bhuqf lfB pqI-pqnI spFsrisLp nMU hovygf.  imwQy gey tIcy muqfibk ajLfd jF afriQk kfljL hyT 141,000 qoN 158,000 nvyN iemIgrMt ley jfxgy. cMgf huMdf jy srkfr ies klfjL hyT kuJ igxqI Gtf ky PYmlI klfjL hyT imwQy gey tIcy nMU kuJ vDf idMdI qF ik lMby smyN qoN lfeInF ivwc lwgy mfpy jldI kYnyzf af skdy. ajyhf krn vfsqy srkfr `qy dbfE pfieaf jfxf cfhIdf hY. ies mOky mfipaF dI klfjL ivwc 90,000 lok vIjLy dI AuzIk kr rhy hn.

          ieQy ies qwQ df vI iDafn rwKxf cfhIdf hY ik srkfr vwloN imwQy gey slfnf tIcy aqy asl ivwc hr sfl ley gey iemIgrMt do vwK aMkVy hn aqy ipCly kuJ sflF qoN kYnyzf lgfqfr imwQy gey slfnf tIcy qoN vwD iemIgrMt lY irhf hY. ilbrl srkfrF dI kihxI aqy krnI ivwc Prk afpxI rYWz buwk dy 1% dy tIcy nMU kdy aslIaq ivwc nf bdlx df hY jd ky torI pfrtI nyy kdy ajyhf vfadf kIqf hI nhIN hY pr ies sfl dy tIcy ivwc dysL dI loV nMU muwK rwK ky vfDf kIqf hY. sfl 2005 ivwc 220,000 qoN 245,000 iemIgrMt lYx df tIcf sI pr ies sfl dOrfn 262,236 iemIgrMtF dfKl kIqy gey hn.

          mMqrI solbrg ny dUhrI nfgirkqf ivwc qbdIlI krn df vI sMkyq idwqf hY ijs df bhuq sfry iemIgrMt adfiraF vloN ivroD kIqf jf irhf hY. mMqrI ny ies loV nMU jfiejL TihrfAux vfsqy kuJ mhIny pihlF ilbnfn lVfeI df hvflf idwqf hY ijs mOky 15,000 dy krIb kYnyzf dy dUhr-sLihrI 63 qoN 85 imlIan zflr Krc ky surwiKaq bfhr kwZy gey sn pr lVfeI KLqm huMdy sfr hI 7,000 vfps ilbnfn prq gey sn. mfhrF muqfibk ies iksm dy aqy ies qoN vI sMgIn hflqF df sfhmxf kdy vI BivK ivwc krnf pY skdf hY ikAuNik bhuq sfry ajyhy dysLF ivwc isafsI asiQrqf df mhOl hY ijs dy jMmpl kYnyzf ivwc vwzI igxqI ivwc vwsdy hn aqy dUhrI nfgirkqf leI bYTy hn. ies aYlfn nMU vI inwjI ihwqF qoN AuWqy AuT ky dysL dy ihqF dI rOsLnI ivwc hI vyiKaf jfxf cfhIdf hY. srkfr ny ies rport ivwc gYr-kfnUMnI avfsIaF dI smwisaf nMU iek vfr iPr njLraMdfjL kr idwqf hY ijs vwl iDafn idwqf jfxf cfhIdf sI.

 

ieMnkm trwstF `qy rok

          torI srkfr ny ies hPLqy dUjf mhwqvpUrn PYslf kridaF

dysL ivwc ‘ieMnkm-trwstF’ nMU afigaf dyx `qy rok lgf idwqI hY. mfritn srkfr ny afpxy rfjkfl dy afKrI idnF ivwc ieMnkm-trstF dI afigaf idwqI sI aqy torI pfrtI ny vI ies df smrQn kIqf sI. afpxy cox pRgrfm ivwc vI torI pfrtI ny ienkm-trwstF nMU Kuwl dyx df vfadf kIqf sI pr hux ies mfmly ivwc XU trn mfr leI hY. ajyhf kr ky torI srkfr ny afpxf iek mhwqvpUrn cox vfadf qoV idwqf hY ijs qoN pUMjI invysL krn vfly srmfeydfr jLrUr KPLf hoxgy. kYnyzf srkr dI ieMnkm-trwstF dI nvIN nIqI df lfB AuTf ky bhuq sfrIaF kfrporysLnF afpxy afp nMU ienkm-trwstF ivwc bdl rhIaF sn ijs nfl srkfr nMU kfrporyt tYks qoN hox vflI afmdn ivwc BfrI Gftf pYx jf irhf sI.

          kfrporyt afmdn qoN srkfr nMU tYks dy rUp ivwc hr sfl vwzI krm afmdn tYks vjoN imldI hY jd ik ‘ienkm-trwst’ vfly adfry afmdn tYks dI mfr qoN iek Kfs ivDI nfl bc jFdy hn. ijs kfrn bhuq sfrIaF bhu-kroVI kfrporysLnF jF qF ienkm-trwstF ivwc bdl geIaF sn jF bdlx jf rhIaF sn. ienkm-trwst srkfr nMU afmdn `qy  tYks dyx dI QFH afpxI afmdn nMU afpxy ihsydfrF (sLyar-holzrF) ivwc vMz idMdy hn aqy iPr ieh ijLMmyvfrI sLyar-holzrF dI bxdI hY ik Auh ies afmdn nMU afpxI afmdn vjoN rport krn aqy afpxI afmdn dr muqfibk tYks dyx. ies nfl srkfr dI tYks afmdn bhuq Gt jFdI hY aqy torI srkfr ny ies gwl nMU BFp ilaf sI ik ies nfl srkfr nMU kfrporyt tYks qoN jo Gftf pvygf Aus nMU hor iksy sfDn nfl pUrf nhIN kIqf jf skygf.

          tYlHs aqy bI sI eI vrgIaF vwzIaF vwzIaF kMpnIaF ienkm-trwstF ivwc qbdIl hox jf rhIaF sn aqy KLdsLf ieh vI sI ik bYNkF vI ajyhf kr skdIaF hn ijs nfl srkfrI KLjLfny nMU pYx vflf Gftf keI iblIan zflr df ho skdf sI. afm lok pihlF hI bhuq tYks dy rhy hn aqy AuhnF `qy afmdn tYks dI dr nMU vDfAux dI koeI guMjfiesL bfkI nhIN hY. srkfr kol ieko iek rsqf ienkm-trwstF `qy rok lgfAuxI hI bcdf sI aqy srkfr ny ajyhf kr ky bhuq drusq PYslf kIqf hY. ies nfl afm lok BivK ivwc srkfr dI afmdn pUrI krn vfsqy lgfey jfx vfly sMBfvI tYksF dI mfr qoN bc jfxgy aqy srkfrI pRogrfmF ivwc kmI krn dI loV vI nhIN pvygI. torI srkfr df ieh sfhs Biraf kdm afm knyzIan sLihrIaF dy ihwq ivwc hY. torI srkfr ny ieh vfadf-qoVU kdm cuwk ky sfbq kr idwqf hY ik torI srkfr amIrF dI srkfr jF pfrtI nhIN hY sgoN ieh afm sLihrIaF dy ihwqF dI rfKI krn vfsqy  pMUjIpwqIaF dI nrfjLgI vI muwl lY skdI hY.

                                                        -blrfj idEl

 


dihsLqvfd dy mfmly ivwc kYnyzf nMU dUhrI mfr pY rhI hY!

          aPLgfinsqfn ivwc nyto POjI gwTjoV dy lwK XqnF dy bfvjUd kwtVpMQI qfilbfn ajy qwk kfbU nhIN af rhy. swc qF ieh hY ik kMDfr sUby dy Kyqr ivwc qfilbfn pihlF nfloN qfkqvr ho rhy hn.  kMDfr df pMjvfeI ijLlf ijs ivwc bIqy 2 ku mhIny qoN keI vfr Gsmfx df XuwD ho cuwkf hY, ivcoN vI ajy qwk qfilbfnF df sPfieaf nhIN kIqf jf sikaf. jd nyto df jLor vDdf hY qF qfilbfn gurIly alop ho jFdy hn aqy jd kuJ iZl idwqI jFdI hY qF Auh acfnk DfvI ho jFdy hn. ies Kyqr ivwc hI 10 knyzIan POjI jvfn bIqy 8 ku hPiqaF ivwc sLhId ho cuky hn. sfl 2002 ivwc aPLgfinsqfn ivwc knyzIan POj dI qYnfqI qoN bfad hux qwk 42 POjI aqy iek knyzIan izplomYt ies jMg dI ByNt cVH cuky hn.

          lwK XqnF dy bfvjUd nyto sMgTn dy dysL ies imsLn vfsqy hor POj muhweIaf krvfAux vfsqy iqafr nhIN hn aqy Kfs kr kMDfr sUby vl mUMh krnoN Bj rhy hn. qfilbfn ies aslIaq qoN vfkPL hn ik pwCmI dysL “dihsLqvfd” dI dohfeI qF bhuq idMdy hn pr afpxy POjI jvfn mrdy nhIN shfr skdy. qfilbfn kwtVpMQI nyto gWT joV aqy dunIaF df sbr prK rhy hn. kYnyzf dy ies smyN 2300 krIb POjI jvfn aPLgfinsqfn ivwc qYnfq hn aqy kMDfr Kyqr ivwc knyzIan POjI aihm BUimkf inBf rhy hn.

          bIqy hPLqy knyzIan ivdysL mMqrI pItr mIkya ny sfPL afK idwqf sI ik kYnyzf ies Kyqr ivwc qfilbfn df iekwlf mukfblf nhIN kr skdf aqy AuhnF nyto dy hor dysLF qoN vDyry POjI mdd dI mMg kIqI sI. ajyhI mMg pihlF vI huMdI rhI hY pr ies df koeI hF pwKI huMgfrf iksy ny nhIN idwqf. ieAuN jfpdf hY ik pwCmI dysL Aus smyN hI jfgdy hn  jd dihsLqgrd AuhnF dIaF srhwdF dy aMdr af ky hmlf kr idMdy hn aqy jd mfmlf TMzf pYNdf hY qF iPr avysly ho jFdy hn. ieslfimk kwtVvfd df bhuq sfl tRyinMg sYNtr bxy rhy dysL aPLgfinsqfn ivwc kwtVvfd nMU PYslfkun hfr dyx vfsqy pwCmI dysL sMjIdf nhIN jfpdy. dihsLqvfd dI hfr qF hr dysL cfhuMdf hY pr ies vfsqy kurbfnI iksy hor dI ho jfvy ajyhI afs bhuqy dysL lgfeI bYTy jfpdy hn.

          amrIkf dIaF sMsdI coxF df smF hox kfrn ivroDI iDr amrIkf df ho irhf jfnI nuksfn, muwK muwdf bxf rhI hY ijs kfrn jnfb buwsL aqy AuhnF dI rIpbilkn pfrtI ksUqI Ps geI jfpdI hY. rIpbilkn pfrtI iehnF coxF ivwc mfr Kf jfvygI aYsIaF pysLngoeIaF sunx nMU iml rhIaF hn. iehnF coxF ivwc buwsL aqy rIpbilkn pfrtI df bhuqf nuksfn qF ierfk `qy kIqy glLq hmly kfrn hovygf pr aPgfn sLFqI imsLn `qy vI ies pRBfv pYxf lfjLmI hY.

          dihsLqvfd dy mfmly ivwc kYnyzf ies smyN dUhrI mfr Kf irhf hY. iek pfsy qF knyzIan POjI afpxI jfnF `qy Kyl rhy hn aqy dUjy pfsy keI dihsLqgrd sMgTn kYnyzf dI DrqI `qy PMz ryjL vrgIaF kfrvfeIaF kr rhy hn. knyzIan KuPIaf eyjMsIaF hux qwk   iqMn  drjn qoN vwD dihsLgrd sMgTnF dI insLfn dyhI kr cuwkIaF hn jo kYnyzf ivwc srgrm hn iehnF ivwc bbr Kflsf vI sLfml hY. dysL dy dihsLqvfd ivroDI kfnUMnF ivwc kIqI geI sKLqI dy bfvjUd ies sUcI ivwc afey idn vfDf ho irhf hY. bIqy hPLqy KLbr afeI sI ik somflIaf dy ieslfimk kwtVpMQI ijhnF nMU “aPrIkn qfilbfn” vI afiKaf jFdf hY, kYnyzf ivwc PMz aqy rkrUt BrqI krn leI bhuq srgrm hn.  ies hPLqy dysL dy pbilk sikAUrtI mMqrI sRI stfkivl zya ny ieh mMn ilaf hY ik aPLgfinsqfn df dihsLgrd sMgTn ‘ihjLby-ieslfmI’ vI kYnyzf ivwc PMz ryijMLg leI bhuq srgrm hY. ‘ihjLby-ieslfmI’ nfm df ieh sMgTn qwq-qsIrI aPLgfn afgU gulbUdIn ihkmiqXfr dI rihnfmfeI hyT kMm krdf hY aqy qfilbfn kwtVpMQIaF  nfl rl ky aPLgfinsqfn ivc nyto sLFqI sYinkF `qy hmly kr irhf hY.

          iek pfsy knyzIan POjI aPLgfn sLFqI imsLn dI kfmXfbI vfsqy sLhfdqF dy rhy hn aqy kYnyzf dy KLjLfny ivcoN sLFqI imsLn dy nfl nfl aPLgfinsfqn dI muV AusfrI vfsqy sYNkVy imlIan zflr hr sfl Krcy jf rhy hn aqy dUjy pfsy kYnyzf dy nrm kfnMuUnF df lfB lY ky kYnyzf dy POjI mfrn vfsqy ies DrqI `qy hI PMz iekwTy kIqy jf rhy hn. kYnyzf dI srkfr, POj aqy lokF vfsqy ieh bhuq icMqf vflI gwl hY. ies bfry Tos sbUqF kfrn hI mMqrI sRI stfkivl zya ny ies sMgTn (ihjLby-ieslfmI) nMU dihsLqgrd sMgTnF dI ilst ivwc sLfml kr ilaf hY. mMqrI ny ikhf hY ik ies nfl ‘ihjLby-ieslfmI’ dy bYNk Kfqy jF PLMz kurk kIqy jf skxgy aqy ies df smrQn krn vfly lok kfnMUn dI mfr hyT af skxgy. ‘ihjLby-ieslfmI’ kYnyzf dI pfbMdIsLudf dihsLqgrd sMgTnF dI ilst ivwc 40vF sMgTn hY aqy hfrpr srkfr vloN ‘qfiml tfeIgrj’L dihsLqgrdF qoN bfad dfKl kIqf igaf ajyhf dUjf sMgTn hY.

          mMqrI vloN cwuikaf igaf ieh kdm bhuq sLlfGXog hY. bhuq sfry knyzIan sLihrI aPLgfn imsLn df ivroD krdy rhy hn ikAuNik koeI vI sLihrI knyzIan POjI mrdy nhIN vyKxf cfhuMdf. ‘ihjLby-ieslfmI’ vloN kYnyzf ivwc ho rhI PMz ryijLMg qoN jfhr huMdf hY ik ies dysL ivwc ajyhy sLihrI vI hn jo aPLgfn sLFqI imsLn vfsqy qYnfq knyzIan POjIaF nMU mfrn df bMdobsq krn leI BfgIdfr bx rhy hn jo ik gihrI icMqf df ivsLf hY. ‘ihjLby-ieslfmI’ df afgU gulbUdIn ihkmiqXfr iek kwtV ivakqI hY jo ik jmhUrI injLfm, pwCmI kdrF-kImqF aqy sLihrIaF dI ajLfd brfbrI df kwtV ivroDI hY. mMqrI sRI zya ny ieh vI mMinaF hY ik ‘ihjLby-ieslfmI’ ajyhf sMgTn hY jo ik somflIan dihsLgrd sMgTn ‘al-ieiqhfd al-ielfm’ nfl rl ky kMm kr irhf hY. kwtVpMQI gulbUdIn ihkmiqXfr mrhUm pfik rfsLtrpqI jnrl ijLaf-El hwk dy bhuq njLdIk sI aqy rportF muqfibk sovIaq XUnIan df aPLgfinsqfn `qy kbjLf qoVn vfsqy ijLaf ny ihkmiqXfr nMU 600 imlIan zflr amrIkn dI mdd idwqI sI. sMn 1989 ivwc aPLgfinsqfn `qy sovIaq kbjLf tutx qoN bfad ihkmiqXfr ny afpxIaF bMdUkF df mUMh kfbul vl kr ilaf sI ijs kfrn  dysL ivwc KfnfjMgI pYdf ho geI sI. aksr ikhf jFdf hY ik ihkmiqXfr ny sovIaq rUs nfloN vI vwD aPLgfn lok Brf-mfrU jMg ivwc mfry sn aqy ies bd-amnI df lfB AuTf ky pfik KuPIaf eyjMsI afeI aYs afeI qfilbfn kwtVpMQIaF nMU kfbul dy isMGfsn `qy ibrfjmfn krn ivwc kfmXfb ho geI sI.

          amrIkn eyjMsIaF ny sfl 2002 ivwc iek vfr ihkmiqXfr  df Qhu-pqf lgf ilaf sI aqy Aus dy kfPLly `qy imjLfeIl vI dfgI sI pr Auh bc inkilaf sI. iek vfr iPr ihkmiqXfr aPLgfn gRih XuwD ivwc qfkq bx ky AuBr irhf hY aqy Aus df afsLf pRDfn hfimd krjLeI dI srkfr nMU gwdIAuN lfh ky kwtVpMQI ieslfimk rfj sQfipq krn df hY. ‘ihjLby-ieslfmI’ ies smyN qfilbfn kwtVpMQIaF nfl rl ky aPLgfinsqfn ivwc rfhq kfrjF ivwc juty vwK vwK smfj syvI sMgTnF dy numfieMidaF, sVkF qy skUlF afid dI muV AusfrI ivwc juty ivdysLI kfimaF aqy pwqrkfrF nMU insLfnf bxf rhI hY. ijs dy Pl srUp dysL dI muV AusfrI df kMm bhuq iZlf pY igaf hY aqy inwq ho rhy XuwD kfrn aPLgfn lok awkdy jf rhy hn. ajy bIqy do ku idnF ivwc hI kwtVpMQIaF dy iKLlfPL kIqy gey hvfeI hmilaF ivwc 60 dy krIb aPLgfn sLihrI mfry gey hn. BfvyN nyto ny 48 dy krIb kwtVpMQI mfrn df dfavf vI kIqf hY pr ieh afm sLihrIaF dIaF mOqF hn jo sLFqI imsLn leI bhuq Gfqk sfbq ho skdIaF hn. ies Gtnf dI CfxbIx vI ho rhI hY pr ajyhIaF GtnfvF nfl lokF df ivsLvfs muV bhfl krnf musLkl ho jFdf hY.

          jfihr hY ik pfiksqfn qoN kwtVpMQIaF nMU iml rhI mdd aqy kYnyzf vrgy dysLF ivwc dihsLqgrdF leI ho rhy PMz ryjLF kfrn mfmlf hor AulJdf jf irhf hY. ies dUhrI mfr qoN bcx vfsqy hor sKLq aqy kfrgr dfapyc apxfey jfx dI loV hY.

-blrfj idEl

 

 


jo hm shrI su mIqu hmfrf]

“afpxy nMU vot pfE” alfpx dI koeI quk nhIN bxdI!

          EntyrIE ivwc sLihrI aqy rIjnl kONslF dIaF coxF df pRcfr BK cukf hY aqy ijs iksy sLihr ivwc vI pMjfbIaF dI gujLfry jogI vwsoN hY, Auh ies cox pRcfr ivwc iksy nf iksy ZMg nfl afpxf jlvf ivKf rhy hn. cox pRIikRaf ivwc ihwsydfr bnxf lokrfjI hwk hI nhIN sgoN PrjL vI hY. jd afm lok afpxy ies jmhUrI hwk dI vrqoN vloN avysly ho jFdy hn qF jmhUrI pRikRaf aDUrI rih jFdI hY. kYnyzf ivwc PYzrl, subfeI aqy sLihrI coxF ivwc pol hox vflIaF votF dI igxqI lgfqfr izgdI af rhI hY. PYzrl coxF ivwc kdy 75% qwk hox vflI poilMg hux 60% qoN hyT af geI hY qy subfeI poilMg dI hflq vI cMgI nhIN hY. sLihrI aqy rIjnl coxF ivwc qF poilMg dI dr bhuq hI Krfb hY, hflq ieh bx geI hY ik iehnF coxF ivwc jy ikqy iksy hlky jF sLihr ivwc poilMg 30% qoN twp jfvy qF ies nMU cMgI mMinaf jfx lwg ipaf hY. bhuq sfry ielfikaF ivwc poilMg 25% qoN Gwt hI rihMdI hY.

          sQfnk pMjfbI BfeIcfrf iehnF coxF ivwc srgrm hY jo ik iek sLuB sLgn hY aqy afs kIqI jfxI cfhIdI hY ik ieh srgrmI lokF nMU poilMg bUQF qwk jLrUr lY jfvygI. iehnF coxF ivwc pMjfbIaF dI BrvIN vwsoN vfly sLihrF jF hlikaF ivwc bhuq sfry pMjfbI AumIdvfr afpxI iksmq vI ajmf rhy hn aqy ieh vI iek sLuB sLgn hY. isafsI Kyqr ivwc lokF dI numfieMdgI krn vfsqy awgy afAux df sfhs krnf ies dysL ivwc afsfn nhIN hY. sLihrI coxF ivwc ieh hor vI musLkl hY ikAuNik iehnF coxF ivwc AumIdvfr iksy rfjsI pfrtI dy shfry nhIN KV skdf, Aus nMU afpxy blbUqy hI ieh coxF lVnIaF pYNdIaF hn. rfjsI pfrtIaF iehnF coxF nMU pfrtI pwDr `qy nhIN lVdIaF AuNJ BfvyN  keI lok rfjsI JukfE dy aDfr `qy iksy AumIdvfr dI hmfieq jF ivroD krdy hn. PYzrl aqy subfeI coxF ivwc pMjfbI BfeIcfry vfsqy qF nfmInysLn, aslI coxF nfloN vDyry mhwqvpUrn hY ikAuNik iek vfr moty zflr Krc ky nfmInysLn lY lYx qoN bfad bhuqy AumIdvfrF dI iksmq df AuhnF dI pfrtI dI iksmq nfl bwJ jFdf hY.

          jd vI coxF afAuNdIaF hn qF “afpxy bMdy nMU vot pfE” dy avfjLy hr pfsy sunx nMU imldy hn. iehnF coxF ivwc vI keI pfisaF qoN ieh pRcfr sunx nMU iml irhf hY ik “afpxy bMdy nMU vot pfE”. ies df iswDf ijhf arQ ieh inkldf hY ik afpxy rMg, Drm jF bolI vfly AumIdvfr nMU vot pfE, jo ik srfsr glq hY. ieh rMgByd dI soc `qy aDfirq hY aqy ies nfl smfj df nuksfn ho skdf hY. kYnyzf df pMjfbI BfeIcfrf hor rMgdfr BfeIcfiraF vFg icrF qoN nslvfd, rMgByd aqy izskrImInysLn iKlfPL lVdf af irhf hY. BfvyN pMjfbI BfeIcfrf rfjsI aqy afriQk Kyqr ivwc bhuq awgy viDaf hY pr ajy vI ajyhy adfry hn ijhnF ivwc rMgByd sfzy lokF aqy hor rMgdfr lokF nMU sqf irhf hY. iDafn nfl ProlIey qF “afpxy bMdy nMU vot pfE” dy avfjLy Esy iksm dy rMgByd qoN pRyrq hn ijs dy asIN afp isLkfr rhy hF ajy vI keI KyqrF ivwc hF.

          kYnyzf iek bhu-siBafcfrk dysL hY aqy jd ies dy awj dy guMJldfr smfj dI bxqr nMU vyKIey qF ies ies dI sLlfGf krnI bxdI hY. ies dysL df bhu-rMgf smfj bfkI dunIaF dy mukfbly sLFqI pUrvk vws irhf hY aqy idno idn sLFqI pUrn sihhoNd hor mjLbUq ho rhI hY. “afpxy bMdy nMU vot pfE” dI soc rIvrs izskrImInysLn qoN iksy qrF vI Gwt nhIN hY. jy bfkI BfeIcfry vI ies soc dy DfrnI ho jfx qF sfnMU PYzrl, subfeI aqy sLihrI Kyqr ivwc iksy vI pMjfbI dI ijwq dI afs nhIN rwKxI cfhIdI. brYNptn ijwQy pMjfbI BfeIcfry dI coKI vwsoN hY, ivwc vI asIN afpxI iekwilaF dI igxqI dy ihsfb nfl koeI AumIdvfr ijqfAux jogy nhIN hF aqy nf hI ieh koeI ishqmMd qrIkf hY. pMjfbIaF dI vwsoN ies sLihr ivwc 18-20 qoN 25% qwk dwsI jFdI hY jo ik kul vwsF df iek cOQfeI qoN Gwt bxdI hY.

          jy asIN ajyhI soc nMU hvf dyvFgy qF ies df asr hor BfeIcfiraF `qy vI hoxf lfjLmI hY ijs nfl sfzf sQfnk smfj, sfzf glI-muhwlf KrbUjLy dIaF PfVIaF vFg vMizaf jfvygf. hr sLihr aqy hlky ivwc vwsdy vwK vwK nslF dy knyzIan lokF dIaF bhuqIaF musLklF ieko iksm dIaF hn. sLihrI coxF df sbMD sQfnk sLihrI srkfr nfl hY jo ik sLihr aMdr sPLfeI, pVHeI, puils, Pfier brgyz, pfrk, lfiebryrIaF aqy trFsport afid dIaF syvfvF df pRbMD krdI hY. pRfprtI tYks vI iehnF sQfnk sLihrI srkfrF dy aiDkfr Kyqr ivwc huMdy hn jo ik lgfqfr vDdy jf rhy hn. ishq syvfvF BfvyN subfeI aiDkfr Kyqr ivwc afAuNdIaF hn pr sLihrI aqy PYzrl srkfrF df vI iehnF nMU imafrI aqy AuplBd rwKx ivwc Xogdfn huMdf hY. sLihrI ‘bfeI-lfjL’ iehnF sLihrI srkfrF dy aiDkfr Kyqr ivwc afAuNdy hn ijhnF aDIn sVkF, apfrtmYNt, rYjLIzYNsLl aqy ieMzstrIal pRfjYktF qoN lwg ky bysmYNtF bxfAux dI afigaf dyx qwk dy muwdy afAuNdy hn.

          hr sfl vD rhy pRfprtI tYks lokF dI jfn kwZdy jf rhy hn ijhnF nMU kfbU krn dI loV hY. iek pfsy tYks vDdy jf rhy hn aqy dUjy pfsy sLihrI syvfvF suMgVdIaF jf rhIaF hn. isvl srvYNt,  puils, Pfier, aYNbUlMs, ividawk adfry aqy hor mihkimaF dy kirMdy vwzIaF vwzIaF XUnIanF dy mYNbr hn jo hr sfl qnKfhF ivwc motf vfDf locdy hn. hVqflF aqy syvfvF ivwc ivGn qoN zrdy isafsqdfn  pRfprtI tYksF rfhIN lokF dIaF jybF ivwcoN zflr iKskf ky AuDr dy idMdy hn ijs nfl afm lokF `qy tYksF df boJ vDdf jf irhf hY. jd pRfprtI dI kImq vDdI hY qF tYks afpxy afp vD jFdf hY pr sLihrI srkrF hr sfl ies dI dr vI kuJ vDf idMdIaF hn ijs nfl lokF nMU dUhrI mfr sihxI pYNdI hY. awj loV hY ik hr sLihrI iehnF coxF ivwc ajyhy AumIdvfr jF AumIdvfrF dI mdd kry jo lokF `qy tYksF df boJ vDfey bgYr syvfvF ivwc suDfr krn dI ivAuNq jfxdy hox. tYksF ivc vfDf krI jfxf aqy syvfvF ivwc ktOqI krI jfxf ZukvF qrIkf nhIN hY. tYknOlIjI ivc af rhy ienklfb nfl hr Kyqr ivwc kMm krn vfly pRqI ivakqI dI Aupj ivwc vfDf ho irhf hY ijs nfl lfgq ivwc kmI afAuxI cfhIdI hY. sLihrI syvfvF ivc suDfr vI hoxf cfhIdf hY aqy Krcy jF tYksF ivwc vfDy nMU vI Twilaf jfxf cfhIdf hY.

          ieh mOkf hY jd asIN afpxy afpxy sLihr jF afpxy afpxy ielfky ivwc KVy AumIdvfrF qoN pwuC skdy hF ik Auh sfzy vfsqy kI aqy ikvyN krnf cfhuMdy hn? zflrF dIaF pMzF nfl qF koeI vI cMn qoV ky ilaf skdf hY svfl qF lokF dy DMn nMU sMjm nfl vrqky, sfDnF aqy DMn dI kuvrqoN Gtf ky lokF nMU vDIaf syvfvF dyx df hY. jo sfzy leI ajyhf kr skdf hY Auh hI “afpxf” AumIdvfr hY. AumIdvfr df “afpxfpn” mfpx vfsqy Aus df qjrbf, ilafkq, ipCokV jF Aus df irkfrz aqy bcnbwDqf mfpxI pvygI. hr sLihrI hr votr df ieh kuJ mfpx df afpxf afpxf pYmfnf hovygf aqy afpxy afpxy kfrn hoxgy. iksy votr `qy rMg, Drm jF bolI vgYrf dy aDfr `qy sImq AumIdvfrF nMU vot pfAux vfsqy dbfE pfAuxf nfjfiejL hovygf. sfnUM sfiraF nMU hor BfeIcfiraF nfl rl ky ajyhI sOVI soc df ivroD krnf cfhIdf hY. “afpxy bMdy nMU vot pfE” dI soc Gfqk soc hY aqy ies qoN iknfrf krn dI loV hY.

          jo vI AumIdvfr iehnF coxF ivwc vwK vwK sLihrF aqy hlikaF qoN KVy hn Auh sfry AuhnF sLihrF aqy hlikaF dy afpxy sLihrI aqy afpxy vsnIk hox kfrn ‘afpxy’ AumIdvfr hn. iehnF sfry afpixaF ivcoN bhuqf afpxf cunx vfsqy votr AuhnF dy guxF vl vyKx qF cMgf hY. apxwq Bflx vfsqy rMg, bolI aqy Drm vl nf vyKx qd hI shI cox kr skxgy.  gurbfxI df Purmfn hY “jo hm shrI su mIqu hmfrf] (pMnf 345)”.

-blrfj idEl

 


bfl mjLdUrI `qy “KoKlI” pfbMdI

           bIqy mMglvfr, akqUbr 10 qoN Bfrq ivwc bfl-mjLdUrI roko kfnUMn lfgU ho igaf hY ijs hyT 14 sfl qoN Gwt Aumr dy bwcy ‘mjLdUrI’ nhIN kr skxgy. afpxy Gr aMdr Gr df kMmkfr ijvyN mrjLI krn bfhr iksy hor leI mjLdUrI krn-krvfAux `qy pfbMdI hovygI. ikhf jf irhf hY ik ies nfl Bfrq dy 13 kroV dy krIb bfl-mjLdUrF nMU rfhq imlygI. Bfrq ivwc bfl-mjLdUr 13 kroV hn jF Gwt vwD hn ies bfry dfavy nfl kuJ nhIN afiKaf jf skdf ikAuNik ies iksm dI mrd-sLumfrI kdy kIqI jF krvfeI nhIN geI. srsrI njLry vyiKaF ieh aMkVy bhuq vDf ky pysL kIqy gey jfpdy hn. Bfrq dI 100 kroV dI kul abfdI ivcoN sLfied 14 sfl dI Aumr qwk dy kul bwcy hI 13 kroV dy krIb hox. “syv df cfeIlz PfAUNzysLn” ny ajyhy bwicaF dI igxqI 12[6 imlIan Bfv 1[3 kroV dy krIb dwsI hY jo ik vDyry ZukvIN pRqIq huMdI hY. sMBv hY ik kuJ pwqrkfr aMgryjLI gixqy dy imlIan vfly aMkiVaF nMU qbdIl krn smyN 13 ku imlIan df 13 kroV bxf gey hox. iek gwl jLrUr swc hY ik Bfrq ivwc vwzI igxqI ivwc bfl-mjLdUr hn. rhI gwl ies nvyN kfnUMn nfl AuhnF nMU rfhq imlx dI, ieh gwl iblkul hI XkIn krn vflI nhIN hY. sMBv hY ik ieh kfnUMn AuhnF nMU rfhq dyx dI bjfey AuhnF leI hor grIbI aqy duwKF df kfrn bx jfvy.

          Bfrq ivwc bfl-mjLdUrI dy kfrnF vwl vyKIey qF ies dy kfrn afriQk hn. koeI vI grIb mfpf afpxy bwicaF qoN bfl-mjLdUrI KusLInfmy nhIN krvfAuNdf ieMJ kuJ afriQk mjbUrIaF kfrn hI ho irhf  hY. ieh TIk hY ik kuJ ajyhy kys hoxgy ijwQy GrF qoN Bwjy, aphfj jF XqIm bwcy mjLdUrI jF iBKfrIpuxf krn leI AuhnF dy kiQq rfiKaF jF mflkF vloN mjbUr kIqy jFdy hoxgy. ajyhy kysF dI igxqI kul igxqI dy mukfbly bhuq mfmUlI hI hovygI. nvyN kfnMUn muqfibk bfl-mjLdUrI krvfAux vfly nMU 2 sfl dI kYd dI sjLf aqy 20 hjLfr rupey jLurmfnf ho skygf.

          bfl-mjLdUrI df nfm suxdy sfr hI hr sMqulq idmfg dy sLihrI dIaF awKF sfhmxy afpxy bwicaF dIaF qsvIrF GuMmx lwgdIaF hn qy mn ajyhy kfnUMn dI bwly bwly krn nMU krdf hY jo mfsUmF dI rfKI kr skdf hovy. sihj nfl socIey qF ieh kfnUMn KoKlf jfpdf hY jo BfrqI isafsqdfnF ny lokF dIaF awKF ivwc Gwtf pf ky PokI vfhvf Kwtx vfsqy bxfieaf hY. sMn 1986 ivwc vI Bfrq srkfr ny iek ajyhf kfnMUn bxfieaf sI ijs aDIn 14 sfl qoN Gwt Aumr dy bwicaF qoN PYktrIaF, kMstrksLn aqy hor KLqrnfk iksm dy kmM krvfAUx `qy pfbMdI lgfeI geI sI. jy puCIey ik kI ies 1986 dy kfnUMn ny iksy bfl-mjLdUr nMU rfhq dvfeI sI qF juvfb nFh ivwc hovygf. ieh gwl XkIn nfl afKI jf skdI hY ik jo hsLr 1986 dy kfnUMn df hoieaf sI Auh hsLr hI ies nvyN kfnUMn df hovygf.

          swc qF ieh hY ik bfl-mjLdUr, kfnUMn-GfiVaF aqy AuhnF vrgy pirvfrF dy GrF aqy vpfrF ivwc hI bfl-mjLdUrI krdy hn. kI Gwto Gwt Bfrq dy kfnUMnGfiVaF ny afpxy GrF aqy vpfrk adfiraF ivcoN bfl-mjLdUrF nMU bIqy mMglvfr mukq kr idwqf hY? jy srvya krvf ilaf jfvy qF ies svfl df juvfb 100% nFh ivc hovygf. bfl-mjLdUrI bfry srkfr dy afpxy aMkVy bhuq inguxy jfpdy hn. srkfr muqfibk ieh nvF kfnMUn GrF ivwc kMm krdy qkrIbn 1 lwK 85 hjLfr bfl-mjLdUrF nMU “rfhq” dvfeygf aqy eysy qrF 70 hjLfr ZfibaF jF hotlF ivwc kMm krdy bfl mjLdUrF dI sfr lvygf. ieh aMkVy Gt ky pysL kIqy gey jfpdy. rfhq qF sLfied ieh iek vI bfl-mjLdUr nf dvf sky pr kul igxqI ies qoN ikqy vwD hovygI.

          nvIN idwlI dy njLfmUdIn ielfky ivwc afm vFg CotU dy nfm nfl jfxy jFdy iek 12 sflf bfl-mjLdUr ny iek mIzIaf adfry nfl gwl kridaf afiKaf hY ik Auh bIqy 2 sfl qoN iek Gr ivwc mjLdUrI kr irhf hY. ibhfrI ipCokV df ieh CotU ijs df aslI nfm pRkfsL hY df kihxf hY ik hux Aus ny sPLfeI krnI aqy kuJ rsoeI krnI vI iswK leI hY aqy Aus dI hflq bhuqI Krfb nhIN hY pr Auh skUl jfxf cfhuMdf hY. pRkfsL kihMdf hY ik Aus dy mflk cMgy hn, Aus nMU cMgf Kfx nMU aqy pihnx nMU idMdy hn, burf vI nhIN boldy qy mhInf dy 1000 rupey  qnKfh vI idMdy hn. kI srkfr df nvF kfnUMn pRkfsL leI eynf jF eynf nf shI ies qoN awD vI kr skygf? juvfb sfPL nFh ivwc hY. aqy jy  zfktr mnmohx isMG nMU pRDfn mMqrI qoN Tfxydfr bxf ky, ieh kfnUMn pRkfsL aqy Aus dy mflkF `qy  lfgU krn leI Byj idwqf jfvy qF zfktr sfihb irsLvq kbUl nhIN krngy ikAuNik Auh bhuq sfAU aqy iemfndfr sLihrI hn. nvyN kfnUMn nmU hUbhU lfgU krngy ijs nfl mflk kuJ GMty jF idn hvflfq kwt ky adflq dy cwkr kwtx lwg pYxgy qy ivcfrf pRkfsL BuKxBfxy idwlI dIaF sVkF `qy rulx lwg jfvygf. pRkfsL dI hux dI iglsuk vI jFdI rhygI.

          smJx vflI pihlI gwl qF ieh hY ik ieh kfnUMn lfgU hI nhIN kIqf jf skygf aqy dUjI ieh ik ijwQy ikqy kIqf igaf AuWQy “CotUaF” `qy afPLq bx ky tutygf. ieh nvF kfnUMn vYr-ivroD kwZx vfsqy vI vriqaf jfvygf aqy hor irsLvqKorI df vI kfrn bxygf.

          ieh swc hY ik sfry “CotU” pRksL vrgy “ikmsq” vfly nhIN hn ijhnF dy mflk AuhnF dI kwutmfr nf krdy hox qy 1000 rupey dI qnKfh dy nfl nfl Kfx aqy pihnx nMU cMgf idMdy hox. aYsy bfl-mjLdUr vI hn ijhnF nMU zfktrI shfieqf nhIN imldI, KfxpIx nMU pUrf nhIN imldf, rihx vfsqy bhuq GtIaf hflqF hn, kMm 18-18 GMty krnf pYNdf hY qy kuwtmfr dy nfl nfl kfmuk sLosLx df vI isLkfr huMdy hn. cMgf huMdf jy Bfrq srkfr smwisaf df hwl hyTF Aupr vl nMU sLurU krdI aqy bfl-mjLdUrF dI hflq suDfrn df Auprflf krdI. bfl-mjLdUrF dI hoNd nMU mMn lYxf jo ik aslIaq hY aqy bhuq smF aslIaq bxI rhygI, sfzy isafsI afgUaF leI musLkl sI aqy ies nMU kUVy vFg ryqf dy Zyr hyT dPLn kr dyxf afsfn sI aqy AuhnF asfn rsqf hI cuixaF hI.

          bfl-mjLdUrI grIb pirvfrF dy bwicaF aqy mfipaF dI iek mjbUrI hY aqy mjbUrIaF KoKly kfnUMn bxf ky dUr nhIN kIqIaF jf skdIaF. bfl-mjLdUrI dy Kfqmy vfsqy buinafdI afriQk hflqF nMU bdlxf pvygf ijs vfsqy smyN aqy isdk dI loV hY. cMgf huMdf srkfr df ieh kfnUMn bfl-mjLdUrI qoN mukq kIqy gey bflF dI sMBfl leI bdlvyN pRbMD vI krdf. bdlvyN pRbMDF qoN swKxf ieh kfnUMn iek KoKlf kfnUMn hI smiJaf jfxf cfhIdf hY.

          Bfrq dIaF smfjsyvI sMsQfvF dI ieh ijMmyvfrI bxdI hY ik Auh bfl-mjLdUrF dI hflq suDfrn vfsqy AuhnF leI zfktrI, Gwto Gwt kuJ pVHeI aqy sihxXog hflfq pYdf krn vfsqy lokF ivwc jfgrqI dI muihMm clfAux jo srkfr dy ies KoKly kfnUMn qoN ikqy vwD kfrgr sfbq hovygI.

-blrfj idEl

 


PryjLr ieMnstIcUt dI ishq syvfvF bfry icMqfjnk rport

          kYnyzf ivwc pbilk ishq syvfvF iek bhuq hI Bfvuk muwdf hY ijs nMU isafsqdfn votF btorn vfsqy vrqdy hn. dysL dI isafsq dy Kwby pfsy KVI pfrtI aYn zI pI vfsqy ieh iek aYsf muwdf hY ijs nMU  aYn isKr qwk AuBfr lYx nfl vI AuhnF df lfB hI huMdf hY. ishq syvfvF dy mfmly ivwc jy aYn zI pI lokF nfl qfry qoV ilAux df vfadf vI kr lvy qF vI ieh bhuqf vwzf vfadf nhIN hY ikAuNik aYn zI pI nMU pqf hY ik nyV BivK ivwc nf kdy AuhnF ny aftvf ivwc qfkq ivwc afAuxf hY aqy nf hI lokF vfsqy qfry qoVn df Kljgx krnf pYxf hY.  lokF leI vwzI qoN vwzI afs bxfE aqy afpxy afp nMU votF pvfE iek iswDf aqy vDIaf isafsI pYNqVf hY.

          iehI hfl ikbYWk dI vwKvfdI pfrtI df hY jo ishq syvfvF df muwdf aftvf ivwc ibrfjmfn iksy vI srkfr nMU jLlIl krn vfsqy vrqdI hY. gwl jd ilbrlF aqy torIaF qwk awpVdI hY qF AuhnF nMU ies bfry mUMh Kolx lwigaF keI vfr socxf pYNdf hY. Auh jfxdy hn ik qfkq ivwc AuhnF dovF `coN iksy iek ny hI bYTxf hY aqy jy vfadf qfiraF df kr ilaf qF lokF ny qfry mMgx lwg pYxf hY. iehI kfrn hY ik ieh dovyN pfrtIaF ishq syvfvF dy mfmly ivwc zINgF qF BfvyN vwzIaF mfrdIaF hn pr bfrIkI ivwc aYsy vfady krn qoN ipwCy ht jFdIaF hn jo  pUry krny musLkl hn. gwl aYny sflF ivwc aYny iblIan zflr hor ishq vfsqy rwK idwqf hn qwk hI rwKI jFdI hY. vDfey ishq KricaF dy aMkVy moty krn vfsqy keI vfr bhuqy sflF df aMdfjLf dy idwqf jFdf hY. Audfhrx dy qOr `qy jy agly 5 sflF ivwc 10 iblIan zflr vfDU dI ivvsQf kIqI jFdI hY jF ies nMU 7 sflF `qy lfgU krky zflr 14 iblIan aYlfn idwqf jFdf hY ijs nfl rkm vwzI jfpx lwgdI hY.

          ieh dovyN pfrtIaF hI votF dy lflc ivwc ishq syvfvF nMU kdy vI pRfeIvyt nf krn df vfadf krdIaF hn. jd ik swc ieh hY ik iehnF dovF pfrtIaF dy rfjkfl ivwc ishq syvfvF pRfeIvyt hoeIaF hn aqy ho rhIaF hn. qfkq ivwc bIqy 13 sfl ilbrl rihx kfrn ieh Zukdf AuNJ ilbrlF `qy bhuqf hY pr albrtf vrgy sUby ivwc ijwQy torI subfeI srkfr hY, ishq syvfvF pRfeIvyt ho rhIaF hn. ilbrl sLfsLq sUby EntyrIE, bI[ sI[ aqy ikbYWk ivwc vI hflq albrtf qoN vwKrI nhIN hY. EntyrIE ivwc qF prImIar mgYNtI Eihp (hYlQ iensLorYNs) PIs vI lfgU kr cwuky hn. ieh vwKrI gwl hY ik ijhnF lokF dIaF kMpnIaF ieh prImIam idMdIaF hn AuhnF `qy ies df asr nhIN  hoieaf pr Coty kfmy ies dI mfr hyT vDyry afey hn.

          ilbrl aqy torI dovyN pfrtIaF hI ieh jfxdIaF hn ik ishq syvfvF nMU pUrI qrF pbilk Kyqr ivwc rwKxf sMBv hI nhIN  hY aqy ies df muwK kfrn afriQk hY. jfxdIaF subfeI srkfrF vI hn pr ibwlI glL twlI kOx bMny vflI khfxI hY. iehI kfrn hY ik hfQI dy dMd Kfx nMU hor aqy ivKfAux nMU hor dI khfvq vFg rwt qF ishq syvfvF nMU pbilk rwKx dI lfeI jFdI hY pr hflfq sihjy sihjy pRfeIvyt stvfvF dy pnpx vfly bxfey jf rhy hn.  isafsI afgUaF nMU afs hY ik jo gwl lok iswDI kbUlx nMU iqafr nhIN hn Aus sihjy sihjy afpy kbUl kr lYxgy.

          pbilk ishq syvfvF bhuq mihMgIaF ho geIaF hn. pbilk Kyqr ivwc pRqI mrIjL jF pRqI aprysLn jo Krcf af irhf hY, pRfeIvyt Kyqr ivwc Aus qoN ikqy Gwt pYisaF ivwc aqy ikqy Gwt smyN ivwc Es qoN vDIaf syvfvF idwqIaF jf skdIaF hn aqy keI dysLF ivwc idwqIaF jf rhIaF hn ajyhf bhuq sfry mfhrF df dfavf hY. dUr aMdysL mfhr ishq syvfvF nMU pbilk rwK ky iehnF dI zilvrI nMU Kfs Kfs hflqF ivwc pRfeIvyt kr idwqf jfxf locdy hn qF ik srkfrI KjLfinaF nMU KflI hoxo roikaf jf sky.

          1974 ivwc hoNd ivwc afeI kYnyzf dI “PryjLr ieMnsIcUt” nfm dI ajLfd pbilk pfilsI Porm ijs dy dPqr torFto, vYnkUvr aqy kYlgrI ivwc hn ny ishq syvfvF bfry ies hPLqy iek sMvydnfsLIl rport jfrI kIqI hY ijs dI aMgryjLI pRYs ivwc BrpUr crcf hoeI hY pr iksy kfrn ieh aYQink pRYs dy rzfr `qy nhIN afeI. aMkiVaF BrpUr rpotr ivwc ikhf igaf hY ik sfl 2020 qwk subfeI srkfrF dI kul afmdn df 50% qoN vwD ishq syvfvF dy lyKy lwg jfieaf krygf. eyQy hI bws nhIN jy ishq syvfvF df Krcf aqy mMg eysy rPLqfr nfl vDdI rhI Bfv iehnF ivc koeI qbdIlI nf kIqI geI qF sfl 2050 qwk dysL dy 10 ivcoN 6 sUibaF df sfry df sfrf bjt ishq syvfvF dy lyKy lwg jfieaf krygf. ies Koj BrpUr rport dy lyKk bYrt siknr ny ikhf hY ik ijs ZMg nfl kYnyzf dIaF ishq syvfvF df awj df ZFcf hY ieh  afriQk qOr `qy jfrI nhIN rwKIaF jf skdIaF. rport muqfibk ishq syvfvF `qy hr sfl vD rhy Krcy dI rPLqfr subfeI srkfrF dI afmdn ivwc vfDy dI rPLqfr qoN ikqy vwD hY.

          “pYaMg mor, gYitMg lYWs 2006” nfm dI ies rpotr dy nfm qoN hI jfhr huMdf hY ik ishq syvfvF ivwc ijMnf guV pfieaf jf irhf EnI imTfs lokF qwk nhIN awpV rhI. vwzy aprysLnF qoN mfmUlI syvfvF lYx leI hspqflF ivwc GMitaF bwDI Btkdy lok ies dI sLfhdI Brdy hn ik ishq syvfvF df imafr qyjLI nfl izwg irhf hY.

          rport muqfibk mYnItobf aqy sskYcUan ajyhy sUby hn ijwQy jy ishq KricaF dI idsLf nf bdlI geI qF sfl 2016 Bfv agly 10 sflF qwk subfeI afmdn df 50% ishq syvfvF dy lyKy lgfAuxf pvygf. albrtf vfsqy ieh smF 2017, bI[ sI vfsqy 2019 aqy EntyrIE vfsqy 2020 dwisaf igaf hY. inAU brjLivk, novf skosLIaf aqy inAU PAUNzlYNz dI hflq vI koeI bhuqI vwKrI nhIN hY. dysL df ieko iek sUbf ikbYWk hY ijwQy sUby dI 50% afmdn ishq syvfvF dy lyKy lwgx dI sMBfvI qrIk sn 2056 dwsI geI hY.

          ies rport qoN kUpI XUnIan jo srkfrI kfimaF dI numfieMdgI krdI hY bhuq ipwtI hY aqy ies rport nMU nuksdfr rport afiKaf hY.  XUnIanF vfsqy ieh rport nuksdfr ies leI hY ikAuNik ieh AuhnF dy mYNbrF dIaF qnKfhF ivwc bymuhfry vfDy nMU njfiejL sfbq krn vflI hY. ies nfl lokF ivwc jfgrqI pYdf ho skdI hY aqy motIaF qnKfhF vflIaF jfbF KLqry ivwc pY skdIaF hn.

          srkfrF, XUnIanF aqy isafsI pfrtIaF kuJ vI afKx kYnyzf dIaF ishq syvfvF ivwc suDfr ilafAUx vfsqy vwzIaF aqy muZlIaF qbdIlIaF qoN bhuqI dyr ienkfrI nhIN hoieaf jf skygf. lok tYks dy dy ky Qwkdy jf rhy hn, afey idn sLihrI, subfeI aqy PYzrl tYksF ivwc vfDf iksy smwisaf df sQfeI hwl nhIN hY. ishq syvfvF nMU pbilk rwK ky iehnF dI pRfeIvyt zilvrI, KricaF nMU GtfAux df ieko iek kfrgr qrIkf hY ijs nMU iksy idn kbUlxf hI pvygf.  PryjLr ienstIcUt dI ieh rport lokF df iDafn mMgdI hY aqy ies nMU Kuwl ky vIcfiraf jfxf cfhIdf hY.

-blrfj idEl

 


 

ien d lfeIn afPL Pfier”

 

          pfiksqfn dy POjI sLfsk jnrl musLwrPL dI ikqfb “ien d lfeIn afP Pfier” iehnI idnIN BfrI crcf ivwc hY. jnrl musLwrPL ny ieh ikqfb rIlIjL vI bhuq plYinMg nfl kIqI hY aqy ieh ivk vI bhuq rhI hY. bIqy 10 ku idnF qoN dunIaF dy bhuq sfry afgUaF df vhfE amrIkf vwl vI bixaF hoieaf sI ijs dy do kfrn sn pihlF ikAUbf dI rfjDfnI hvfnf ivwc ‘guwt inrlyp’ dysLF dI kfnPrMs ivwc ivwc Bfg lYx zfktr mnmohx isMG aqy jnrl musLwrP, dovyN afey hoey sn aqy ipwCoN inAUXfrk ivwc sMXukq rfsLtr dI jnrl asYNblI df slfnf sYsLn ijs ivwc aksr dunIaF dy pRmuwK dysLF dy afgUaF nMU 15-15 imMt bolx df mOkf imldf hY ivwc dunIaF Br dy afgU puwjy hoey sn.

          ierfk, aPgfinsqn dI lVfeI aqy dunIaF ivwc dihsLqvfd dy bolbfly kfrn jnrl musLwrP iKwc df kfrn bxy hoey sn aqy ies iKwc dy ivckfr hI AuhnF afpxI ieh ikqfb rIlIjL kIqI hY. plYinMg nfl rIlIjL kIqI ies ikqfb nMU jo pblistI imlx dI jnrl musLwrPL nMU afs sI Auh “ien d lfeIn afP Pfier” nMU imlI hY.  ies ivwc koeI sLwk nhIN hY ik jnrl musLwrPL nMU ies ikqfb dI syl qoN cMgI rfieltI imlygI. ieh pihlI vfr hoieaf hY ik iksy rfjsI afgU ny gwdI `qy ibrfjmfn huMidaF hoieaF hI afpxI jIvnI ilK mfrI hY aqy ajy vI gwdI nfl cMbVy rihx dI DfrI hoeI hY.

          jnrl musLrwPL ny ies ikqfb ivwc 2001 `c vfpry 9/11 dy kFz qoN bfad aPLgfinsqfn ivwc qfilbfn kwtVpMQIaF df smrQn vfps lY ky amrIkf dI awqvfd ivroDI muihMm ivwc sLfml hox nMU jfiej Tihrfieaf hY. musLwrPL ny ieh vI afiKaf hY ik amrIkf ny Aus nMU sfPL cyqfvnI dy idwqI sI ik qfilbfnF df smrQn jfrI rwKx df mqlb hY amrIkf nfl iswDf XuwD ijs nMU jnrl ny soc ivcfr qoN bafd tflxf hI cMgf smiJaf sI.

          afpxI aPLgfn nIqI kfrn jnrl musLwrP ieslfimk kwtVpMQIaF dy sKLq ivroD df sfhmxf kr rhy hn aqy afqmGfqI hmilaF df vI isLkfr ho cuwky hn. iek pfsy ieslfimk kwtVpMQI jnrl musLwrPL qoN sKLq KPLf hn qF dUjy pfsy amrIkf, brqfnIaF, kYnyzf, rUs, aPLgfinsqfn aqy Bfrq smyq bhuq sfry dysL AuhnF dI srkfr vloN lukvyN rUp ivwc qfilbfnF, hor dihsLqdrgdF aqy al-kiedf pRqI apxfeI geI nrm nIqI kfrn bhuq KusL nhIN hn. brqfnIaF ivwc ies hPLqy lIk hoeI iek KuPIaf rIport ivwc aPLgfinsqfn ivwc vD rhI ihMsf vfsqy pfiksqfnI KuPIaf eyjLMsI afeI aYs afeI nMU ksUrvfr grdfinaF igaf hY.

          aPLgfn rfsLtrpqI hfimd krjLeI bhuq vfr pfiksqfn nMU qfilbfnF dI mdd krn leI ijLmyvfr dws cuwky hn. ies mfmly ivwc aPLgfn aqy pfik srkfrF ivwc aksr cFgmfrI cldI rihMdI hY aqy keI vfr Bfrq-pfik cFgmfrI qoN vI awgy lwG jFdI hY. amrIkf nMU qfilbfnF aqy hor ieslfimk kwtVpMQIaF iKlfPL aPLgfinsqfn aqy pfiksqfn dovF dI hI loV hY ijs kfrn ies buwDvfr nMU rfsLtrpqI buwsL ny hfimd krjLeI aqy musLwrPF dovF nMU vfeIt hfAUs ivwc iekwiTaF nMU rfq df Kfxf Kuafieaf hY. ies Kfxy mOky jnrl musLrPL ny Esy iksm dy imlvrqn dy vfady kIqy hoxgy ijs iksm dy AuhnF hvfnf ivwc BfrqI pRDfn mMqrI zf: mnmohx isMG nfl mulfkfq smyN dihsLqvfd dy tfkry vfsqy sFJy Xqn krn dy kIqy sn.

          jnrl musLrPL bfry aksr ikhf jFdf hY ik Auh dihsLqvfd dy tfkry leI vfady qF bhuq krdy hn pr vfady vfady hI rih jFdy hn koeI kfrgr kdm kdy nhIN  cuwikaf jFdf. musLrwPL dI ies mjbUrI dI smJ AuhnF dI ikqfb “ien d lfeIn afP Pfier” AuWqy pfiksqfn ivwc hoey pRqIkrm qoN sihjy hI lgfieaf jf skdf hY. iek pfiksqfnI aKLbfr ny pRqIkrm idMidaF musLwrP `qy dosL lfieaf hY ik Aus ny ikqfb dI syl vDfAux vfsqy ajyhIaF gwlF kIqIaF hn ijhnF nfl nPLrq vD skdI hY aqy pfiksqfn dy “dusLmxF” nMU lfB ho skdf hY. iek hor pfiksqfnI prcy ny ies nMU musLwrPL df stMt krfr idwqf hY ijs nfl dysL ivwc arfjkqf vD skdI hY.

          ikqfb ivwc jnrl musLrwPL vloN ksLmIr muwdy dy hwl leI pysL kIqy gey nukqy rwd kridaF pRisD pfik aKLbfr ‘nvfey-vkq’ ny iliKaf hY ik ksLmIr dy lokF ny 1 lwK ijMdgIaF ksLmIr nMU cfr ihisaF ivwc vMz ky swB qoN vwzf ihwsf Bfrq nMU dyx vfsqy kurbfn nhIN kIqIaF. aKLbfr ny iliKaf hY ik jnrl ny aMqrrfsLtrI muwidaF `qy jo vI ies ikqfb ivwc iliKaf hY Auh pfiksqfn dy iKlfPL cfrjsLIt iqafr krky pfiksqfn dy dusLmxf hvfly krn vflI gwl hY ijs nfl pfiksqfn nMU afpxy pwK nMU shI sfbq krnf muskl ho jfvygf.

          aKLbfr ‘d nysLn’ ny ikhf hY ik musLrPL ny ikqfb ivwc jo kuJ iliKaf hY Auh kuJ qfkqvfr dysLF nfl afpxy sbMDF nMU iDafn ivwc rwK ky iliKaf hY.  aKLbfr ‘zfan’ ny iliKaf hY ik 9/11 qoN bfad amrIkf vwloN pfiksqfn nMU XuwD dI idwqI geI DmkI sLfied jnrl musLrwPL ny afpxf mqlb iswD krn vfsqy hI GVI hovy. jnrl musLwrPL ny ikhf sI ik Es smyN dy amrIkn sYktrI afPL styt afrmItyj ny ikhf sI ik jy pfik ny qfilbfnF dI mdd bMd nf kIqI qF pfiksqfn  nMU bMbF nfl pQr Xuwg vwl moVf dy idwqf jfvygf. aKLbfr muqfibk musLwrPL vloN 9/11 qoN bfad sMBfvI amrIkI hmly bfry afpxI ikqfb rIlIjL krn qoN aYn pihlF ieMksLfPL krnf ikqfb dI msLhUrI vfsqy vDIaf stMt sfbq hoieaf hY.

          iek hor pfik aKLbfr df kihxf hY ik jnrl mjusLrP vwloN ieh kbUl lYxf ik sfieMsdfn kfidr Kfn ny pRmfxU qknIk vycI hY Kfs kr Bfrq nMU df kI mqlb hY. ies nfl dysL dy kOmI hIro df mfx siqkfr Gtdf hY. aKLbfr df kihxf hY ik kfidr Kfn nMU ies bfry afpxf pwK rwKx dI afigaf idwqI jfxI cfhIdI hY.

          aKLbfr ‘afisPL’ df kihxf hY ik jnrl df ieh mMn lYxf ik amrIkf ny pfiksqfn nMU ieslfimk dihsLqgrd (350 dy krIb) PV ky dyx bdly keI sYNkVy imlIan zflr idwqy hn  aqy kfidr Kfn ny pRmfxU qknIk zflr bxfAux vfsqy korIaF aqy eIrfn nMU vycI hY iek arD khfxI hY. aKbfr muqfibk lyKk ny afpxy ikqfb vycx dy mqv nfl ajyhIaF sMsysLnl gwlF ilKIaF hn.

          kul imlf ky pfiksqfn ivwc ies ikqfb `qy jo pRqIkrm hoieaf hY Auh jnrl musLrPL dy iKlfPL hY aqy ies aMdfjLf sihjy hI lgfieaf jf skdf  hY ik pfiksqfn ivwc iksy hF pwKI qbdIlI vfsqy ajy bhuq kuJ kIqf jfxf bfkI hY.                                –sMpfdk

 


mnuwKI swiBaqf df dusLmx bxdf jf irhf hY “mYN” pRDfn Xuwg

 

          bIqy hPLqy mFtrIal dy zfasn kflj ivwc vfpiraf golI kFz mIzIey ivwc Cfieaf irhf hY. pMjfbI BfeIcfry ny ies ivwc Kfs idlcspI leI hY ikAuNik 25 sflf hiqafrf ikmvIr igwl pMjfbI BfeIcfry nfl sbMDq sI. mIzIey ny ies golI kFz dy kfrn bfry Koj BrpUr smwgrI pRkfsLq aqy pRsfrq kIqI hY. sbMDq hiqafry ny ijhnF hiQafrF df iesqymfl KUn dI holI Kyzx vfsqy kIqf hY Auh kfnUMnI qOr `qy rijtrz sn aqy rportF muqfibk hiqafrf iehnF hiQafrF nMU bhuq mfx nfl afpxy lY ky GuMmdf sI aqy vfkPLF nMU ivKfAuNdf rihMdf sI. hiQafrF nfl lgfE nMU Auh afpxIaF hiQafrbMd qsvIrF nMU vYWbsfeIt `qy pf ky vI jwgjfhr krdf sI.

          vYWbsfeIt rfhIN hiQafrF dy nfl nfl Auh afpxy mnoibrqI aqy smfj ivroDI hox df vI pUrf pRdsLn krdf sI. afpxIaF ilKqF ivwc Auh smfj, puils, skUl aqy goiraF smyq vwK vwK rMgF dy lokF iKlfPL  KUb BVfs kwZdf sI. “mYN ies dunIaF nMU nPLrq krdf hF, ies dunIaF dy lokF nMU nPLrq krdf hF, lokF dy rihx dy ZMg nMU nPLrq krdf hF, rwb nMU nPLrq krdf hF, DoKf dyx vfilaF nMU nPLrq krdf hF, gdfrF nMU nPLrq krdf hF, Dfrimk kwtVF nMU nPLrq krdf hF, swB kuJ nMU nPLrq krdf hF qy bhuq nPLrq krdf hF” ajyhy lPLjL hn jo Aus ny afpxI hiQafrbMd qsvIrF smyq vYbsfeit `qy pfey hoey sn. afpxy mrn dI ivDI vI Aus dIaF iehnF ilKqF df ihwsf sI.

          afpxf nPrq Biraf aMdr qF Aus ny sfrf ZyrI kIqf hoieaf sI ieh vwKrI gwl hY ik ieh smyN isr iksy dI GoKvIN njLr ivwc nhIN ipaf aqy ikmvIr nMU golIaF dI brsfq krn df mOkf iml igaf. ies smyN gMn rijstrI ijs `qy ilbrl srkfrF ny 2 ku iblIan zflr Kricaf hY dI sKLq nukqfcInI ho rhI hY. nfl hI ies asPLl rhI aqy  hwdoN vwD mihMgI gMn rijstrI nMU KLqm krn df vfadf kr cuwkI hfrpr srkfr dI vI nukqfcInI ho rhI hY. kul imlf ky gMn-vfielMs bfry lfBkfrI bihs ho rhI hY jy ies nMU do-cfr ku hPLqy bfad Buwlf nf idwqf jfvy qF. smUhk rUp ivwc smfj aqy srkfr kI kfrvfeI kr skdy hn jF krdy hn ieh iek pfcIdf mfmlf hY ijs `qy kfPLI smF lwg skdf hY. hr Gr ivwc bYTy mfpy jy afp afpxy bwicaF dy sLONk aqy AuhnF dI pUrI leI vrqy jFdy qrIikaF `qy njLr rwKx qF ieh iek asrdfr kdm ho skdf hY.

          ikmvIr ijs iksm dIaF vYbsfeItF nfl lgfE rwKdf sI Auh Aus dy aMdr df sLIsLf sn aqy ieMtrnYWt dI bylgfm ieMzstrI ivwc ajyhIaF vYWbsfeItF dI koeI Gft nhIN hY. bFdr dy hwQ qIlF vflI zwbI af jfx dy aKfx vFg ieMtrnYwt, mnuwK dIaF awj qwk dIaF kfZF ivwc aYtm bMb qoN bfad swB qoN Kqrnfk kfZ afKI jf skdI hY. bFdr vFg bwcy vI nkl krdy hn qy iek dUjy qoN burIaF afdqF jldI iswK jFdy hn ies leI mfpaF nMU bicaF dy dosqF `qy vI njLr rwKxI cfhIdI hY. kuJ smF pihlF vwK vwK dysLF ivwc dihsLqgrd skImF bxfAux dy dosLF ivwc PVy gey sLwkI ivakqIaF dI qPqIsL qoN pqf lgdf hY ik ikvyN AuhnF ny ieMtrnYWt nMU rsfiexk pdfrQF qoN bMb qy ivsPot bxfAux aqy hfsl krn vfsqy jfxkfrI hfsl kIqI sI. skUlI kMm aqy Koj vfsqy ijwQy ieMtrnYWt iek vDIaf sfDn hY AuWQy ieh mfrU vI sfbq ho skdf hY. awj dy Xuwg dy kfiedy kfnUMn vI keI vfr mfipaF dy rsqy df roVF bx jFdy hn. mfipaF leI kfnMUn dy zMzy df zr bwcy nMU keI vfr bury kMmF qoN iJVkx qoN rokdf hY. mnuwKI swiBaqf ijs pfsy vwl vwD rhI hY Aus ivwc “mYN” pRDfn huMdI jf rhI hY. bwcf jLrf ku vwzf huMdf hY qF skUl Aus nMU ividaf dy nfl nfl “mYN” aqy myry “hwkF” dI vI isiKaf idMdf hY. awj dy “mYN” pRDfn smfj ivwc pldf hr “mYNvfdI” ho jFdf hY qy mfipaF qoN dUrI vDf lYNdf hY. dUjy pfsy pdfrQvfd dy Xug dy kYdI bx cuwky hr sDfrn mF-bfp afpxI vDIaF hoeIaF loVF dI pUrqI vfsqy kMmkfr jF vpfr ivwc pY ky zflr dI doV ivwc juty rihMdy hn qy ies nfl bwicaF qoN dUrIaF hor vD jFdIaF hn. “mYN” dy DfrnI bwcy dy hwk ivwc keI vfr kfnUMn aMnf ho ky KV jFdf hY ijs qoN iPr hor mfpy vI zrn lwg pYNdy hn.

          vYnkUvr dI rInf ivrk dI khfxI qoN keI pfTk vfkPL hoxgy ijs df kuJ sfQI bwicaF ny keI vrHy pihlF kql kr idwqf sI. kql qoN pihlF rInf ivrk kcyrI Aumr ivwc hI GroN bfgI ho ky iclzrn eyz vfilaF dI Cqr-Cfieaf hyT jf bYTI sI ijwQy Aus dI kMpnI hor “mYNvfdI” bwicaF nfl ho geI. GroN Bwjx vfsqy rInf ny afpxy bfp `qy gMBIr dosL vI lgfey sn ijhnF dI pIVHf ny Aus dy mfipaF dy idl qoV idwqy sn. afKr mfipaF qoN bfgI hoeI rInf ivrk nbfg Aumr ivwc iek sLfm nMU “mYN” nMU KusL krdI  nfl dy bwicaF dI gMBIr kut kfrn dm qoV geI sI.

          mhOl aYsf bxdf jf irhf hY ik jd kdy vI mfpy bwcy nMU vrjdy hn qF awgF keIaF qoN “iet iejL mfeI lfeIPL” jF “afeI zONt kyar” vrgy lPLjL sunxy pYNdy hn. ieh swB kuJ “mYN” pRDfn Xuwg dI hI dyx hY. “mYN” nMU KusL rwKx vfsqy awj df Xuwg smilMgI sLfdIaF vrgy kMmF nMU vI jfiejL TihreI jf irhf hY. ies nfl “mYN” vfly vI KusL huMdy hn qy AuhnF dIaF votF vI KusLI nfl “mYN” nMU smJx vfly zwibaF ivwc izgdIaF hn.

          BMg vrgy nisLaF vwl vyKIey qF dysL ivwc ieh vwiZaF nhIN sI mukdI pr afm lok ies vwl mUMh nhIN sn krdy ikAuNik smfj BMgI nMU burf smJdf sI. smfj dI smUhk soc kfrn BMgIaF nMU kfbU krn vfsqy puils dIaF DfVF dI looV nhIN sI pYNdI. awj smfj df ZFcf eynf ivgV igaf hY ik Kfs kr pwCmI dysLF ivwc ik BMg vrgf pfbMdIsLudf pdfrQ  vwzf kflf vpfr bx igaf hY. ijs burfeI nMU smfj ZwlI bYTf sI Aus nMU “mYN” pRDfn smfj ivwc puls dIaF DfVF vI DMmx ivwc asPLl ho rhIaF hn. suMGV rhy smfj ivwc keI aKOqI smfj syvk afpxf qorI Pulkf “mYN” dy shfry clfeI jf rhy hn. kul imlf ky “mYN” pRDFn Xuwg mnuwKI siBaqf df dusLmx bxdf jf irhf hY.

-sMpfdk

 


aPLgfn imsLn aqy ierfkI KfnfjMgI dovF nMU vwK vwK kr ky vyKx dI loV!

 

          9/11 dy afqmGfqI hmly dI pMjvIN brsI mOky amrIkf aqy kYnyzf smyq dunIaF dy bhuq sfry dysLF ny dihsLqvfd dy iKlfPL lVfeI jfrI rwKx df pRx kIqf hY. amrIkf dy rfsLtrpqI sRI jfrj buwsL ny ies idn XfdgfrI smfgm ivwc ihwsf lYx dy nfl nfl tYlIivXn `qy dysL nMU sMboDn kridaF 9/11 df shfrf lY ky ierfk `qy kIqy hmly nMU jfiej TihrfAux dI koisLsL kIqI hY. amrIkf dy lokF dI Bfvukqf nMU vrq ky jfrj buwsL ny afpxy nfl nfl afpxI pfrtI dI izwg rhI sfK nMU QMmx dI koisLsL kIqI hY.

          kYnyzf dy pRDfn mMqrI sRI hfrpr ny ies mOky lokF nMU idwqy sMdysL ivwc aPLgfn POjI imsLn nMU jfiej Tihrfieaf hY. aftvf ivwc ies mOky sRI hfrpr dy nfl 9/11 dy kuJ knyzIan imRqkF dy pirvfrF dy kuJ mYNbr aqy aPLgfinsqfn ivwc mfry gey knyzIan POjIaF dy pirvfrF dy kuJ mYNbr vI hfjLr sn. sRI hfrpr vwlo ijs ZMg nfl 9/11 nMU Xfd kridaF lokF nMU sMdysL idwqf igaf hY Aus qoN spsLt ho jFdf hY ik Auh aPLgfn imsLn nMU lY ky BfrI dbfE hyT hn. aPLgfinsqn ivwc ho irhf jfnI nuksfn knyzIan lokF dI soc `qy asr kr irhf jfpdf hY ijs nfl hfrpr srkfr vfsqy musLklF KVIaF ho rhIaF hn. aPLgfn imsLn df swB qoN vwD ivroD kYnyzf aMdr ikbYWk sUby ivwc ho irhf hY aqy aglIaF coxF ivwc srkfr bnfAux vfsqy ikbYWk dy votrF df ruK hfrpr srkfr vfsqy bhuq mhwqvpUrn hY.

          ikbYWk dI muK vwKvfdI pfrtI blfk ikbYkvf dy afgU ies mfmly ivwc hfrpr srkfr df iqwKf ivroD kr cuwky hn aqy aPLgfn imsLn dy mfmly ivwc sMsdI bihs krvfAux dI mMg vI kr cwuky hn. vwKvfdI pfrtI blfk dy afgU sRI jLUl zUsYWp nMU iglLf hY ik ivdysL nIqI dy mfmly ivwc pRDfn mMqrI amrIkf dI hF ivwc hF imlf rhy hn. jld sLurU hox jf irhf sMsdI sYsLn Gwt igxqI hfrpr srkfr vfsqy iek cYilMj sfbq hox dI sMBfvnf hY.

          kYnyzf dI smfjvfdI aKvfAux vflI pfrtI aYn zI pI ny qF bIqy hPLqy afpxI knvYnsLn ivwc aPLgfinsqfn ivcoN POj vfps bulfAux df mqf hI pfs kr idwqf hY. aYn zI pI qF ies mfmly ivwc blfk ikbYWkvf pfrtI qoN vI bhuq awgy cly geI hY. amrIkf dI hF ivwc hF imlfAux dy dosL dy nfl nfl aYn zI pI ny qF ieh vI afK idwqf hY ik aPLgfinsqfn ivwc knyzIan POj ‘vfr-lfrzjL’ dy nfm nfl jfxy jFdy aPIm smglrF aqy ielfkfeI kbIilaF dy srdfrF df sfQ dy rhI hY. ies dosL nMU iswD krn vfsqy aYn zI pI ny iek aPLgfn mihlf aYm pI df shfrf vI ilaf hY jo aPLgfn pRDfn hfimd krjLeI dI kwtV ivroDI hY aqy ivroD df kfrn krjLeI srkfr ivwc “vfr-lfrzjL” df dbdbf aqy aOrqF dI numfieMdgI dI Gft hY.

          Auprokq dovf dosLF ivwc BrvIN scfeI hY pr ies dy nfl hI swc ieh vI hY ik ijs dysL ivwc 4-5 sfl pihlF aOrqF GrF qoN bfhr kMm qwk nhIN sn kr skdIaF aqy lVkIaF nMU skUl jfx qwk df hwk hfsl nhIN sI Aus dysL ivwc awj aOrqF sMsd dIaF mYNbr hn, aOrqF ‘loieaf ijrgf’ (aPLgfnI srbwq-Kflsf) ivwc bYTdIaF hn aqy 2 imlIan bwcIaF bkfiedf skUl jf rhIaF hn. ies qoN sfbq huMdf hY ik awj dy aPLgfinsqn ivwc aqy qfilbfnF dy vyly dy aPLgfinsqn ivwc jLmIn asmfn df PLrk hY aqy ieh Prk “hF” pwKI hY. bws awj qwk aPLgfn imsLn dI eynI hI kfmXfbI hY pr ieh koeI mfmUlI kfmXfbI nhIN hY. qbdIlI dI rPLqfr mDm hY ies bfry iglLf qF kIqf jf skdf hY pr ies qoN ienkfrI nhIN hoieaf jf skdf ik hF pwKI qbdIlI afeI hY.

          jo lok aPLgfinsqn dy smfj dI bxqr jfxdy hn Auh smJd skdy hn ik aPLgfinsqfn dy pCVy hoey smfj ivwc qyjLI nfl qbdIlI  ilafAuxI sMBv hI nhIN hY. bIqy 27 ku sfl qoN KfnfjMgI vrgy hflfq ivwcoN gujLr irhf dysL rfqo rfq qrwkI, sLFqI  aqy Audfrvfd dy rsqy df pFDI nhIN bx skdf. ajyhf hovygf jLrUr ikAuNik sMsfr kol dUsrf koeI rsqf nhIN hY pr ies leI lMbf smF lwgygf. aPLgfinsqfn nMU ies leI bcfAuxf jLrUrI nhIN hY ik sMsfr aPLgfn lokF dI mdd krnf cfhuMdf hY sgoN ies leI bcfAuxf vI jLrUrI hY ikAuNik sMsfr dihsLqvfd qy kwtVvfd qoN afpxy afp nMU surwiKaq krnf cfhuMdf hY. awj df pCiVaf hoieaf aPLgfinsqfn KLrbUjLy vFg keI PfVIaF ivwc vMizaf hoieaf hY. BfsLf dy aDfr `qy aPLgfn lok do muK BfsLfvF psLqo aqy dfrI ivwc vMzy hoey hn. rys-jfq dy aDfr `qy aPLgfn lok muwK qOr `qy psLqUn (pTfx), kjLfK aqy qfjLIk iPrikaF ivwc vMzy hoey hn aqy aksr iek dUjy dy dusLmx rhy hn. Dfrimk qOr `qy iek ieslfm dy DfrnI huMdy hoey vI aPgfn  sLIaf aqy sMunI sMprdfvF ivckfr vMzy hoey hn. iehnF vMzIaF dy aMdr aMdr hI ielfkfeI kbIlfvfd aqy iehnF kbIilaF df srdfrvfd (vfr-lfrzj) afpxI PfVIaF kwtI bYTf hY.

          aPLgfinsqfn dy guaFzI mulk vI vwK vwK kbIilaF, iPrikaF aqy ielfikaF ivwc afpxf afpxf asr-rsUK rwKdy hn. pfiksqfn ajy vI qfilbfn kwtVpMQIaF df muwK smrQk hY, ierfn sLIaf BfeIcfry df, rUs, qjLIksqfn aqy kjLfKsqfn gYr-psLqUn aPLgfnF dy, Bfrq pfiksqfn ivroDI psLqUn AudfrvfdI kbIilaF aqy nfrdrn alfieMs df afid. ajyhI hflq ivwc ijMnf ku kMm hfimd krjLeI dI srkfr krI jf rhI hY Aus df smrQn krnf hI bxdf hY. nukqfcInI aqy smrQn dovyN nflo nfl vI cl skdy hn.

          blfk ikbYWkvf aqy aYn zI pI dovyN hI ies mfmly ivwc sOVI  isafsq Kyz rhIaF hn aqy aPLgfn sLFqI imsLn nMU amrIkf dy BuwlV iksm dy ierfkI hmly nfl joV ky lokF nMU gMumrfh krn dI koisLsL kr rhIaF hn. ies ivwc koeI sLwk nhIN hY amrIkf ny ierfk `qy hmly krky BfrI Buwl kIqI sI ijs dI kImq amrIkf cukf vI irhf hY aqy pqf nhIN ikMny ku hor sfl cukfAuNdf rhygf. amrIkf dy ierfk `qy kIqy byloVy hmly kfrn dihsLqvfd dy iKLlfPL aMqrrfsLtrI muihMm df nuksfn hoieaf hY.  ies ivwc vI koeI sLwk nhIN hY ik awj ierfk ieslfimk kwtVpMQIaF df awzf bx igaf hY pr bixaF ieh amrIkf dI glLqI kfrn hI hY.

          dUjy pfsy aPLgfinsqfn df 9/11 dy kfly kFz aqy Esfmf dy al-kfiedf dy dihsLqvfd nfl iswDf sbMD sI aqy iswDf sbMD hY. ivdysLI POjI mdd qoN ibnF aPLgfinsqfn rfqo rfq hI iPr qfilbfnI kwtVF dI CfAuxI aqy al kfiedf df tRYinMg kyNdr bx jfvygf. kI kYnyzf aqy sMsfr nMU ajyhy aPLgfinsqfn qoN KLqfrf nhIN hovygf? ieh svfl hY ijs df juvfb aPLgfn imsLn nMU mUloN hI gLlq afKx vfly isafsqdfnF nMU dyxf cfhIdf hY.

          nYto POjI gwTjoV ny aPLgfn imsLn nMU jfrI rwKx vfsqy hor POj dI mMg kIqI hY ijs df ajy qwk iksy nYto dysL ny hF pwKI juvfb nhIN idwqf, hr dysL hI afpxy POjI bcfAuxy cfhuMdf hY. kYnyzf afpxI POj dy afkfr dy muqfibk pihlF hI vfDU Bfr cuwkI KVf hY hux vfrI AuhnF dysLF dI hY jo pfsy bYT ky slfhF dy rhy hn. kYnyzf srkfr aMdro aMdr AuhnF nYto dysLF nMU hor POj Byjx leI afK rhI hY ijhnF kol ajyhI smrwQf mjUd hY. ajy qwk polYNz ny hI hor 900 dy krIb POjI Byjx dI hfmI BrI hY jo ik POjI aprysLn nMU jfrI rwKx vfsqy kfPLI nhIN hY.

          hor knyzIan POjIaF dIaF jfnF nMU drpysL Kqry nMU BFpidaF  hfrpr srkfr ny POjIaF vfsqy 15 tYNk aqy hor sfjo-smfn Byjx df aYlfn kIqf hY qF ik vD rhy qfilbfn hmilaF df Auh kfrgr ZMg nfl tfkrf kr skx. hor POjIaF dIaF jfnF jfx dI sUrq ivwc ies imsLn nMU jfrI rwKxf hfrpr srkfr vfsqy musLkl ho jfvygf. ies leI vfDU bhu-kOmI sihXog jutfAux aqy ies imsLn dI rUp-ryKf bdx qoN ibnF koeI cfrf nhIN hY.                                              

–sMpfdk

 

 


aPLgfn sLFqI imsLn pwCmI dysLF leI cxOqI bixaF!

          dunIaF af rhy somvfr inAUXfrk dy vrlz tryz sYNtr `qy 9/11 dy iBafnk afqmGfqI hmly dI pMjvIN vrygMz mOky ies kFz ivwc mfry gey sYNkVy byksUr lokF nMU sLrDFjlI ByNt krygI aqy dihsLqvfd nMU hrfAux df iek vfr iPr aihd leygI. ieh ajyhf kflf kfrf sI ijs ny sfrIaF dunIaF nMU gUVHI nINd ivcoN jgf ky dihsLqvfd dy BUq dy sfKLsLfq  drsLn krvfey sn. 9/11 qoN bfad dI dunIaF hux iek vwKrI dunIaF bx geI hY aqy dihsLqvfd aqy kwtVvfd dunIaF dy hr aihm dysL dI srkfr dy eyjMzy `qy sQfeI rUp ivwc af igaf hY. qkrIbn hr dysL ny hux ies nfl nijwTx vfsqy CotI motI rxnIqI bxfeI hoeY hY aqy keI dysLF ny qF bkfiedf vwKry ivBfg bxfey hoey. amrIkf ny 9/11 qoN bfad ‘homlYNz sikAurtI’ nfm df ivBfg KVf kIqf sI aqy kYnyzf ivwc PYzrl pwDr dy XqnF vfsqy mMqrI stfkivl zya sikAurtI ivBfg dI dyK ryK kr rhy hn.

          ieh 9/11 df kFz hI sI ijs ny amrIkf nMU kuJ mhIinaF dy aMdr aMdr aPLgfinsqfn `qy hmlf krn leI mjbUr kIqf aqy kwtVpMQI jLflm qfilbfn srkfr df aMq hoieaf. awj qkrIbn pMj ku sfl bafd qfilbfn iPr aPLgfinsfqn dI siQrqf nMU Kqrf bx gey hn. pfiksqfn dy kwtVpMQIaF dI mdd nfl bIqy iqMn ku mhIny ivwc kMDfr dy afspfs qfilbfnF ny keI hmilaF ivwc nYto POjI gwTjoV dy keI POjI mfry hn aqy drjnF jLKLmI kIqy hn. bIqy pMj idn nYto gwTjoV dy sYinkF vfsqy bhuq mfrU sfbq hoey hn. nYto gwTjoV ny hPLqfaMq `qy qfilbfnF dIaF Cfpfmfr kfrvfeIaF nMU Twl pfAux vfsqy kMDfr dy nfl pYNdy pMjvfeI ijLly ivwc aprysLn “myduwsf” sLurU kIqf sI ijs ivwc kYnyzf, brqfnIaF, amrIkf aqy hor sFJIdfr dysLF dy sYNkVy sYink ihwsf lY rhy sn. ies aprysLn dy pihly 40 ku GMitaF dOrfn hI gwTjoV sYinkF nMU Es smyN BfrI jfnI nuksfn AuTfAuxf ipaf jd sKLq JVpF ivwc 4 knyzIan sYink mfry gey aqy iek brqfnvI POjI jhfjL izwgx nfl 14 brqfnvI sYinkF dIaF jfnF geIaF.

          ies bIqy somvfr qfilbfnF vwloN jMm ky kIqI lVfeI kfrn jd mUhrly mOrcy `qy lV rhy knyzIan POjIaF amrIkI hvfeI mdd mMgx peI qF iksy glLqI kfrn amrIkI hvfeI jhfjL ny knyzIan POjIaF `qy hI hwlf bol idwqf ijs ivwc iek knyzIan jvfn hlfk ho igaf aqy ZfeI ku drjn jLKLmI ho gey ijhnF ivwc 5 gMBIr jLKLmI hoey dwsy gey hn. ies Gtnf qoN bfad aprysLn “myduwsf” kuJ smyN leI rok idwwqf igaf jo hux iPr sLurU kr idwqf igaf hY. pMjvfeI ijLly ivwc 700 qoN 1000 dy krIb hiQafrbMd qfilbfn Cupy hoey dwsy jFdy hn aqy nYto nMU afs sI ik Auh POj vloN hmly dI sUrq ivwc mOkf imldy sfr hI iqwqr ho jfxgy.  eysy kfrn hI nYto ny ies hmly bfry bkfiedf agfAUN aYlfn kr idwqf sI aqy lokF nMU hmly dy rsqy qoN dUr rihx vfsqy afK idwqf sI. nYto dy sfry aMdfjLy Es smyN glq inkly jd qfilbfn kwtVpMQIaF ny dOVn dI QF sKLq mukfblf krnf sLurU kr idwqf ijs dI nYto nMU iblkul afs nhIN sI.

          nYto dy kmFzr jymjL jons ny qF ieh gwl bkfiedf mMn leI hY ik qfilbfn afsoN Elt jMm ky lV rhy hn aqy lV vI jQybMd POj nfl jQybMd POj vFg rhy hn iksy gurIlf guwt vFg nhIN. ies ivwc koeI sLwk nhIN hY ik jldI hI pMjvfeI ijLly ivcoN qfilbfn df sPfieaf kr idwqf jfvygf pr ies dI kIMmq bhuq qfrnI peI hY aqy hor qfrnI pvygI. ies nfl nYto sMgTn nMU ieh aihsfs ho igaf hY ik qfilbfnF nfl isJx vfsqy hor POj aqy sfjo smfn dI loV pvygI ijs dI mMg nYto dy kmFzr jymjL jons ny mYNbr dysL qoN kIqI hY.

          iek pfsy nYto dy kmFzr jymjL jons ny hor POj aqy sfjo smfn mMigaf hY aqy dUjy pfsy kYnyzf smyq bhuq sfry dysLF dy lokF ivwc aPLgfn imsLn df ivroD viDaf hY. kYnyzf ivwc blfk ikbYWk pfrtI aqy aYn zI pI dovF ny hI ies imsLn nMU vfps lYx aqy sMsd ivwc KuwlI bihs krvfAux dI mMg kIqI hY. ies ivwc koeI sLwk nhIN hY ik knyzIan pfrlImYNt df af irhf sYsLn aPgfn imsLn nMU lY ky hMgfimaF Biraf rhygf aqy sRI hfrpr dI Gwt igxqI srkfr ksUqI siQqI ivwc hovygI.

          afm ikhf jFdf hY ik lokF dI Xfd sLkqI Gwt huMdI hY aqy ies kfrn hfrpr srkfr nMU aPLgfn sLFqI imsLn mihMgf pY skdf hY. swc qF ieh hY ik hfrpr srkfr aPgfinsqfn ivwc POj Byjx vfsqy iswDy qOr `qy ijLmyvfr nhIN hY. hF jnfb hfrpr dI pfrtI ivroDI iDr ivwc huMdI hoeI vI ies imsLn dy hwk ivwc jLrUr sI. aPLgfn DrqI `qy knyzIan POjI jnfb XF ikRqIaF dI srkfr ny Byjy sn aqy Byjy vI AudoN sn jd qfilbfn kfbul dy isMGfsn `qy ibrfjmfn sn. qfilbfnF df ibsqrf gol krn vfsqy kYnyzf dI spYsLl Pors dy jvfn ijs nMU “jy[ tI[ aYPL[ tU” afiKaf jFdf hY, amrIkn aqy hor dyslF dy POjIaF dy brfbr KV ky lVy sn.

          qfilbfn df qKLqf pltdy sfr hI ikRqIaF srkfr ny 2000 dy krIb knyzIan POjI ‘aMqrrfsLtrI sikAUrtI aistYNs Pors’ dy nfm hyT kfbul ivwc bkfiedf qYnfq kIqy sn. bfad ivwc afpxI srkfr dy afKrI idnF ivwc jnfb pfl mfritn ny knyzIan PojI nYto sMgTn dy bYnr hyT  kMDfr ivwc qYnfq kr idwqy sn ijs dI hfrpr dI pfrtI ny pUrI hfmI BrI sI aqy srkfr bxdy sfr hI ies imsLn df smF vI sMsd ivwc ilbrlF dI mdd nfl vDvf ilaf sI.

          awj hr pfsy aPLgfn imsLn dI nukqfcInI ho rhI hY aqy lokF vfsqy knyzIan jvfn mOq dy bkisaF ivwc vfps af rhy brdfsL krny aOKy hn. EprI njLry ieh imsLn byloVf jLrUr jfpdf hY pr GoKvIN njLr mfiraF awj dy ‘globl ivljL’ ivwc ieh imsLn dunIaF dI sLFqI leI bhuq mhwqpUrn hY. aftvf ivwc aPLgfinsqn dy sPIr jnfb Emr sfmwd ny aKLbfr glob aYNz myl ivwc iek vjLndfr lyK ilK ky knyzIan lokF nMU ies imsLn dI mhwqqf smJfeI hY. sPIr ny iliKaf hY ik jd qfilbfnI kwtVF dy aPLfgn lokF `qy Zfhy jf rhy jLulm dIaF rportF CpdIaF sn qF lok kMb AuTdy sn. qfilbfnI Purmfn brdfsLq krny qF dUr dI gwl hY pwCmI dysLF dy lokF leI ieh sunxy vI musLkl sn. sPIr Emr sfmwd muqfibk kYnyzf smyq vwK vwK dysLF ny aPLgfn lokF dI ajLfdI vfsqy aihm rol adf kIqf hY aqy ajyhy imsLn nMU awD ivcfly Cwzx nfl aPLgfinsqfn muV kwtVvfdIaF dI lukxgfh bx jfvygf ijs df KimafjLf iksy nMU vI BUgqxf pY skdf hY.

          bfmIan phfVIaF ivwc mhfqmf buwD dy sdIaF purfxy buwq vI qfilbfn brdfsLq nhIN sn kr sky aqy dunIaF dIaF apIlF njLr aMdfjL kridaF AuhnF ieh bfrUd nfl Auzf idwqy sn. aOrqF nMU pVn jF GroN bfhr kMm krn df hwk nhIN sI aqy mrd dfhVIHaF qwk kwt nhIN sn skdy. pMjy vkq dI nmfjL ey ky sMqflI dI nok `qy pVfHeI jFdI sI qy gIq qwk sunxy jurm mMinaF jFdf sI. aPLgfn imsLn qoN hux ipClKurI muVnf sfrI dunIaF nMU kdy iPr bhuq mihMgf pY skdf hY loV ies imsLn dI rUpryKf bdlx dI hY. ajyhI rUp ryKf hoxI cfhIdI hY ijs ivwc aPLgfn sikAUrtI PorsF mUhrlI kqfr ivwc lVn aqy ivdysLI sYink AuhnF dI iemdfd aqy tRyinMg qwk sImq rihx ijs nfl sQfnk lokF nMU ‘ivdysLI kbjLy’ df BYa jF sLwk KLqm ho jfvy. afpxI DrqI aqy afpxy dysL ivwc sLFqI dI bhflI leI lVnf aPLgfn POjIaF df PrjL vI hY aqy AuhnF leI ieh afsfn vI hY. ieMJ nYto sMgTn dy POjIaF leI irsk vI Gwt jfvygf aqy aPLgfn afpxy dysL dI surwiKaf nMU afp sMBflx vfsqy mfx vI mihsUs krngy. ivdysLI srkfrF vfsqy ies imsLn nMU afpxy afpxy dysL ivwc jfiejL TihrfAuxf vI afsfn ho jfvygf aqy muV AusfrI dy kMm vfsqy ivdysLI sfDn vI kfrgr ZMg nfl vrqy jf skxgy. Bfrq vrgf dysL pihlF hI aPLgfn muV AusfrI dy kMmF ivwc juitaf hoieaf hY aqy kYnzf hr sfl ies kMm vfsqy sYNkVy imlIan zflr Krc irhf hY.

-sMpfdk

 


afriQkqf ivwc sMBfvI KVoq pRqI sucyq rihx dI loV

 

          bIqy keI mhIinaF qoN kYnyzf aqy amrIkf smyq dunIaF dy keI dysLF ivwc ivafjL dr vDy hn jF vDfey gey hn. ies df asr dUr durfzy dy dysLF qwk vI hoieaf hY aqy ivafjL dr Bfrq aqy cIn vrgy dysLF ivwc vI vfDey gey hn aqy jpfn ivwc iehnF ivwc vfDf kIqf igaf hY. bIqy 4-5 sfl dunIaF Br ivwc bhuq hI Gwt ivafjL dr vfly sfl rhy hn ijs kfrn lokF ivwc krjLy `qy Gr, kfrF aqy hor smfn lYx df ruJfn kfPLI viDaf hY.  ieh afKxf hor vI sfrQk hovygf ik ieiqhfsk qOr `qy Gwt ivafjL dr hox kfrn Gwt jF ibnF zfAun pymYNt idwiqaF krjLy `qy smfn aqy Gr KrIdx df ruJfn bhuq hI vD igaf hY. kdy smF sI jd ivafjL  dr 12-15% huMdy sn jo awj 5-6% dy afspfs hn aqy kuJ mhIny pihlF ivwc 3-4% dy lfgy af gey sn.

          vwK vwK dysLF dIaF sYNtrl bYNkF ny BKdI hoeI afriQkqf kfrn mudrf dy psfr (ienPlysLn) df KLqrf BFpidaF ivafjL dr sihjy sihjy vDfey hn. afsLf afrIQkqf nMU kuJ sLFq krn df sI jo pUrf huMdf ivKfeI idMdf hY. svfl pYdf huMdf hY ik afriQkqf nMU kuJ sLFq krnf hI ikAuN sI? kI vD rhI aqy psr rhI afriQkqf mfVI sI? mfhrF df qrk hY ik jd afriQkqf kfbU qoN bfhr ho jfvy qF krMsI dI koeI kImq nhIN rihMdI aqy krMsI dI KuwlI AulBdI vsqUaF df Bfa ies kdr vDf idMdI hY ik jd kdy ipClf gyar lgdf hY qF qbfhI mc jFdI hY. lok swB kuJ guaf bYTdy hn aqy smfj ivwc iBafnk AuQl-puQl afAuNdI hY ijs df KimafjLf iPr smfj nMU smUhk qOr `qy Bugqxf pYNdf hY. acfnk jfbF tuwtdIaF hn, Gr qy vpfr Kusdy hn, twbr tutdy aqy lok idmfgI bImfrIaF df isLkfr huMdy hn. afrIQkqf ivwc aYsI AuQl-puQl nMU rokx vfsqy sYNtrl bYNkF ajyhIaF cflF cldIaF hn ijs nfl hflfq kfbU ivwc rihx aqy mfmUlI Pyr-bdl nfl hI afrIQkqf kfbU ivwc rhy. ies nMU “sfPLt lYNizMg” df nfm vI idwwqf jFdf hY ijs df Elt “krYsL” jF afriQkqf df DVwm kr ky izwgxf huMdf hY. ies DVwm izwgx nMU afriQk mMdvfVf jF rIsYsLn afKdy hn jo iksy dy vI ihwq ivwc nhIN huMdf.

          vDfey gey ivafjL drF kfrn afriQkqf dI cfl mDm pY rhI hY aqy kuJ lokF df KdsLf hY ik ieh rIsYsLn df rUp vI Dfrn kr skdI hY. amrIkf dI afriQkqf ivwc rIsYsLn jF DVwm kr ky izwgx d sLwk hux 40% mfhr kr rhy hn jd ik pihlF ieh igxqI 25% sI. ajy vI 60% mfhrF df ivsLvfs hY amrIkf dI afriQkqf “sfPLt lYNizMg” vwl vD rhI hY jo ik iek sLuB KLbr mMnI jfxI cfhIdI hY. amrIkn PYzrl rIjLrv ny lgfqfr 17 vfr ivafjL drF ivwc vfDf kr ky ipCly mhIny ieh vfDf rok idwqf hY aqy hux amrIkn ivafjL dr 5[25% `qy KVf hY. mfhrF df iKafl hY ik jy afriQkqf dI gqI DImIN rihMdI hY qF agly sfl dy sLurU ivwc ivafjL dr iPr hyTF vwl muV skdy hn.

          kYnyzf dI afriQkqf amrIkf `qy bhuq inrBr krdI hY aqy amrIkf kYnyzf df swB qoN vwzf vpfrk ihwsydfr hY. aksr afiKaf jFdf hY ik jy amrIkf nMU iCwk af jfvy qF kYnyzf nMU jLukfm ho jFdf hY. amrIkf dI DImI ho rhI afriQkqf df kYnyzf `qy vI asr hoieaf hY aqy hux slfnf vfDy dI dr jo ik 3% qoN vwD sI Gt ky 2% rih geI dwsI jf rhI hY. ies smyN 2% vfDy dI dr vI albrtf sUby ivwc qyl kfrn afieaf bUMm smiJaf jf irhf ijs dI axhoNd ivwc afriQkqf ivwc suMgVfE ies qoN ikqy vwD hoxf sI. ivafjL dr ivwc qbdIlI vfsqy bYNk afPL kYnyzf dI mIitMg 6 sqMbr nMU hox jf rhI aqy afs kIqI jf rhI hY ik ivafjL ivwc hor vfDf nhIN kIqf jfvygf.

          afriQkqf dI gqI DImI hox, KVoq afAux jF DVwm kr ky izwgx (rIsYsLn) ivcoN kihVf Bfxf vfprygf ieh qF Es smyN hI pqf lwgygf pr kuJ qbdIlI hox jf rhI ies qwQ `qy afm sihmqI pfeI jf rhI hY. cMgy dI pUrI afs kridaF bury smyN leI iqafr rihxf ivwc hI isafxp hY aqy ieh smF cfdr vyK ky pYr psfrn df smF af igaf jfpdf hY. isafxp qF BfvyN hmysLF hI cfdr vyK ky pYr psfrn ivwc huMdI hY pr hux ies dI Kfs loV mihsUs kIqI jfxI cfhIdI hY. kuJ srvya ijhnF nMU pVHn df mOkf imilaf hY dy muqfibk dysL ivwc bcq (syivMgjL) dr bhuq hI Gwt hY jF qkrIbn nf hox dy hI brfbr hY. keI lok qF ies smyN “plfsitk-DMn” Bfv krYizt kfrzF `qy hI jIvn bqIq krn lwg pey hn. krYizt `qy bhuqf kMm ies leI clf rhy hn ikAuNik AuhnF nMU afmdn jF nOkrI cldI rihx dI pUrI afs hY. mfhrF muqfibk ieh smF ivqoN vwD krjLf lYx jF aYvyN jfbF bdx df smF nhIN hY. afpxI loV aqy smrwQf muqfibk GrF, kfrF aqy hor vsqUaF dI KrIdo-ProKq jfrI rhygI aqy jfrI rihxI vI cfhIdI hY jy loV hY qF kuJ sucyq ho jfx dI hY. ijhnF vfsqy Krcf clfAuxf pihlF hI musLkl dy afspfs hY AuhnF nMU hux qoN hI afpxy Krcy kfbU krn bfry socxf cfhIdf hY.

sLihnfeI smrft Ausqfd ibsimwlf Kfn nMU Xfd kridaF

          10 ku idn pihlF 21 agsq nMU mhfn sLihnfeI vfdk Ausqfd ibsimwlf Kfn df vfrfnsI ivKy iek hspqfl `c idl df dOrf pYx ipwCoN idhFq ho igaf. 91 sflf 'Bfrq rqn' purskfr nfl snmfinq Ausqfd ibsimwlf Kfn afpxy ipwCy 5 puwqr, 3 DIaF aqy keI poqry, poqrIaF Cwz gey hn qy AunHF dy vwzy lVky mihqfb husYn dI Aumr 71 sfl hY. Ausqfd ibsimwlf Kfn iek ieiqhfsk sKLsLIaq sn 15 agsq, 1947 nUM jdoN pMizq jvfhr lfl nihrU ny Bfrq dI afjLfdI mnfAux leI idwlI dy ieiqhfsk lfl iklHy `qy kOmI iqrMgf lihrfieaf sI qF Ausqfd Kfn AuQy sLihnfeI nfl dysL vfsIaF dy rU-brU hoey. AunHF ny amrIkf ivc bnfrs vrgI QF bxf ky dyx smyq ivdysL iljfx dIaF keI pysLksLF ieh kihMdy hoey rwd kr idwqIaF ik qusIN myrI gMgf mYnUM ilaf ky nhIN dy skdy. byimsfl pRiswDI dy bfvjUd Ausqfd ibsimwlf Kfn sfDfrn ijLMdgI bqIq krdy rhy sn aqy afpxI mOq qwk Auh avfjfeI leI sfeIkl qy irksLf hI vrqdy rhy sn.

          Ausqfd ibsimwlf Kfn nMU Bfrq srkfr ny 2001 ivwc Bfrq rqn avfrz nfl snmfnq kIqf sI. AuhnF dI ijMdgI `qy inghf mfrIey   qF ivKfeI idMdf hY ik Auh sihxsLIlqf aqy Dfrimk Audfrvfd dy DfrnI sn. Bfrq dy sLIaf musilm BfeIcfry nfl sbMDq aqy musilm Drm ivwc aQfh ivsLvfs rwKx vfly Ausqfd ibsimwlf Kfn  srsvqI (ividaf dI dyvI) dy vI Bgq sn aqy lMby smyN qoN kFsLI dy ivsvfnfQ mMidr ivwc sLihnfeI vjfAuNdy af rhy sn. keI vfr Ausqfd jI ijMdgI ivwc ajyhf smF afieaf jd AuhnF nMU srsvqI dI BgqI bfry svfl kIqy gey qF AuhnF isrPL ieh hI afiKaf ik Auh ies d viKafn nhIN kr skdy ieh AuhnF dI jIvn jfc df ihwsf hY.  TIk Esy qrF ijs qrf awj Bfrq dy keI ihisaF ivwc muslmfnF dy nfl ihMdU aqy iswK vI PkIrF dy mjLfrF `qy vyKy jf skdy hn aqy keI muslmfn gurU nfnk nMU pIr mMndy hn. gurdvfiraF ivwc ihMdU aqy mMidrF ivwc iswK qF afm vyKy jFdy hn. bfbf bflk nfQ aqy dyvI dy drsLnF nMU iswKF smyq gYr-ihMdUaF dIaF bwsF BrIaF phfVF nMU jFdIaF hn.

          brqfnIaF dy aKLbfr ‘zylI tYlIgrfPL’ ny Ausqfd ibsimlf Kfn nMU sLrDFjlI ByNt kridaF iliKaf hY ik jd AuhnF nMU kuJ kwtVpMQI muslmfnF ny sLihnfeI vfdnf aqy sLrIaf df svfl pfieaf qF AuhnF awigAuN pwuiCaf ik jy imAuijLk “hrfm” hY qF ieh eynIaF bulMdIaF qwk ikAuN phuMicaf hoieaf hY?  Bfrq dy nfl nfl brqfnIaF, PrFs aqy hor keI dysLF dI pRYs ny vI ibsimwlf Kfn nMU BrpUr srDFjlI ByNt kIqI hY. awj kwtVvfd kfrn mhOl kuJ aYsf bxdf jf irhf hY ik jy iksy dUjy Drm df ivafkqI “afpxy” Drm asQfn af jfvy qF vwzypn dIaF PVF mfrIaF jFdIaF hn pr jy kdy “afpxf” iksy hor dy cly jfvy qF rwj ky koisaf jFdf hY. Ausqfq ibsimwlf Kfn df jIvn Dfrimk Audfrvfd aqy oprspr ipafr df pRqIk sI.                                 

–sMpfdk

 


kwtVvfd aqy dihsLqvfd df bgIcf bxdy jf rhy hn keI pwCmI dysL

          bIqy do ku idnF ivwc amrIkf aqy kYnyzf ivwc 14 dy krIb ivakqI PVy gey hn jo qfiml bfgIaF vfsqy lwKF zflr dy mfrU hiQafr KrIdx dI koisLsL kr rhy hn. KrIdy jfx vfly hiQafrF ivwc rUs dI bxI hoeI sYm-18 aYNtI eyarkrfPt mjLfeIl, nfeIt ivXn aYnkF aqy ey ky 47 rfeIPlF vgYrf sLfml sn. amrIkf dI aYP bI afeI eyjMsI aqy kYnyzf dI afr sI aYm pI puils dI sFJI kfrvfeI duafrf PiVaf igaf ieh qfiml groh pqf nhI ikMny ku smyN qoN dihsLqgrd sMgTn ilty vfsqy kMm kr irhf sI? lbrysLn tfeIgrjL afPL qfiml eIlm ijs nMU Coty nfm ilty nfl jfixaF jFdf hY, bIqy 2 qoN vwD dhfikaF qoN sRI lMkf ivwc KUn dIaF ndIaF vhf irhf hY. ilty iek ajyhf KUMKfr sMgTn hY ijs ny dihsLqgrd kfrvfeIaF nMU nvIaF aqy mfrU lIhF `qy pfieaf hY. afqmGfqI hmilaF nMU ilty ny afpxI lihr df muwK aqy kfrgr aMg bxf ky dunIaF Br dy hor dihsLqgrd sMgTnf df mfrgdrsLn kIqf hY. awj afqmGfqI hmly hI ajyhf hiQafr hn ijs dy tfkry vfsqy dunIaF burI qrF hwQ pYr mfr rhI hY.

          dunIaF ivwc pYr pYr `qy cYikMg ho rhI hY aqy kroVF arbF df Krcf ho irhf hY. iek pfsy qIjf ihwsf dunIaF grIbI qy bImfrIaF dI sqfeI mr rhI hY aqy dUjy pfsy sImq sfDn dihsLqgrdF nMU kfbU rwKx vfsqy pfxI vFg vhfey jf rhy hn. awj dI siBak dunIaF df swB qoN vwzf dusLmx dihsLqvfd bx igaf hY. dunIaF dy hr sLihrI dI KUn psIny dI kmfeI df vwzf ihwsf dihsLqvfd dy lyKy lwg irhf hY.

          qfiml bfgIaF leI hiQafr KrIdx dI koisLsL krdy jo 14 ivakqI hux qwk kYnyzf aqy amrIkf ivwc PVy gey hn AuhnF ivwc 6 knyzIan hn. iehnF PVy gey 6 knyzIan sLihrIaF ivcoN iek df kys ivsLysL iDafn dI mMg krdf hY ikAuNik ies nfl dihsLqgrdF dy aprysLn dy qOr qrIikaF nMU jfixaF jf skdf hY. vftrlU surysL dy nfm nfl jfixaF jFdf ieh qfiml knyzIan nOjvfn 26 sfl dI Aumr df hY aqy XUnIvrstI ividafrQI hY. vftrlU surysL  Aus df koz nfm hY jo qfiml dihsLqrd sMgTn ilty dy aMdr vriqaf jFdf sI jd ik Aus df pUrf nfm surysL sRIiskMdrfjf hY. kYnyzf dI nfmvr vftrlU XUnIvrstI qoN ieMjnIarirMg df grYjUeyt surysL skflrisLp hfsl kr cuwkf hY aqy bhuq lfiek ividafrQI igixaF jFdf hY.

          afpxI ividaf, isafxp aqy izgrIaF kfrn keI iksm dIaF motI qnKfh vflIaF jfbF surysL vfsqy bfeyN hwQ dI Kyz sn pr Auh afpxf smF afpxf BivK svfrn dI QF ilty leI mfrU hiQafr KrIdx dy bhfny GVn vfsqy lgf irhf sI. msln rfq nMU vyKx vfly XMqr ijhnF nMU “nfeIt ivXn gOglj”L afiKaf jFdf hY KrIdx vfsqy Auh XUnIvrstI ivwc cwl rhI kiQq Koj df bhfnf lgf irhf sI ijs df mMqv iehnF XMqrF ivwc suDfr krnf sI. eysy qrF hor pdfrQ aqy hiQafrF dI jfxkfrI hfsl krn vfsqy Auh afpxI izgrIaF, ividaf aqy afpxy ruqby nMU vrq irhf sI.

          puils rportF muqfibk surysL do ku sfl pihlF vfpry sunfmI lihrF dy kihr mOky mdd krn dy bhfny sRI lMkf kuJ dyr rih vI afieaf sI aqy ies vfsqy DMn vI mdd vflf hI vriqaf igaf sI aqy pIVHqF dI insLkfm mdd dI bwly bwly vI krvf leI sI. surysL qfiml bfgIaF nMU vDIaf iksm dy kMipAUtr, kMipAUtr pRogrfm aqy globl pujIsLinMg isstm bhuq huisLafrI nfl Byjdf irhf sI. ies vfsqy sRI lMkf jfx vfly afm qfiml nMU kYrIar dy rUp ivwc vriqaf jFdf sI. ieqrfjLXog vsqUaF dI pYikMg aqy sRI lMkf dI puils, POj aqy eyarport amly nMU BMblBUsy ivwc pfAux aqy irsLvq dyx dy sfry gur Byjy jfx vfly lokF nMU isKfey jFFdy sn.

          AuhnF nMU qfiml BfsLf iblkul vI nf bolx leI pwky kIqf jFdf sI aqy hmysLf sRI lMkf PyrI df kfrn irsLqydfrF nMU imlxf hI dwsx vfsqy ikhf jFdf sI. surysL ies zMg nfl icrF qoN bhuq kMipAUtr aqy hor hfeI-tYk smfn qfiml bfgIaF nMU Byjdf irhf sI. sRI lMkf dy kMtrol hyTly ielfky `coN bfgIaF dy ielfky ivwc surwiKaf nfl dfKl hox aqy inrDfrq ivakqI qwk smfn pujdf krn vfsqy surysL df nfm “vftrlU surysL” vriqaf jFdf sI ijs nfl Byijaf igaf ivakqI Dur qwk ibnF rok tok dy awpV jFdf sI. surysL nfl pVHdy aqy Aus nMU jfxdy lok ieh mMnx vfsqy iqafr nhIN hn ik Auh ies iksm dIaF kfrvfeIaF kr irhf sI. AuhnF ivwc ivcrn smyN surysL vwKrf iensfn ho ky ivcrdf sI ji bhuq mihnqI, isafxf aqy isafsI ivvfdF qoN vI dUr rihx vflf sI, dihsLqgrdF df srgxf hoxf qF bhuq dUr dI gwl hY.

          PVy gey iehnF ivakqIaF qoN hor vI bhuq jfxkfrI imlx dI AumId kIqI jf rhI hY. kYnyzf aqy hor pwCmI dysLF ivwc awzy jmf ky dihsLqgrd kfrveIaF ivwc ihwsf lYx vfly qfiml iekwly nhIN hn knyzIan KuPIaf eyjMsIaF muqfibk kYnyzf ivwc hI iqMn drjn dy krIb ajyhy sMgTn hn ijhnF df dunIaF dI iksy nf iksy dihsLqpsMd qnjLIm nfl sbMD hY. ieh sMgTn kYnyzf dI AudfrvfdI nIqI df lfhf lY ky afpxf kMm  arfm nfl clf rhy hn. slfnf keI keI imlIan zflr iewQoN iekwTf kIqf jFdf hY aqy iPr dihsLqgrd sMgTnF nMU Byijaf jfdf hY. ies kMM vfsqy iehnF ny vwKrIaF PrMt sMsQfvf bxfeIaF hoeIaF hn jo smfj syvf jF Dfrimk sMsQfvF dy qOr `qy ivcrdIaF hn aqy dysL dy KrfieqI (cYrItybl) inXmF df vI lfB AuTfAuNdIaF hn. ieh gwl kihxI kuQfeyN nhIN hovygI ik eyar ieMzIaf bMb kFz leI ijMyvfr igxI jFdI dihsLqpsMd jQybMdI bwbr Kflsf vI iewk KrfieqI sMsQf vjoN rijtrz sI aqy ies bMb kFz qoN bfad vI keI sfl KrfieqI sMsQF dy qOr `qy ivcrdI rhI sI.

          qfiml bfgIaF sMsQf ilty amrIkf ny keI sfl pihlF dihsLqgrd aYlfn ky ies `qy pfbMDI lgf idwqI sI pr kYnzf ivwc ieh hfrpr srkfr bnx qwk arfm nfl ivcrdI rhI sI. jnfb mfritn aqy hor ilbrl qF qfimlF dy bhuq njLIk rhy sn aqy lflc AuhnF nMU votF df sI qy dysL dI surwiKaf df iPkr bhuqf nhIN sI. hfrpr srkfr ny qfkq ivwc afAuNidaF hI ilty nMU dihsLqgrd GosLq krn ky TIk kdm cuikaf sI jo awj AuhnF lokF nMU vI shI ivKfeI dyx lwg ipaf hY jo ies bfry iksy BulyKy ivwc sn.

          bIqy sfl ku Br qoN XUrp, kYnyzf aqy amrIkf ivwc dihsLgrd kfrveIaF dy mfmly ivwc PVy gey lokF vwl vyKIey qF jfpdf hY ik keI pwCmI dysL kwtVvfd aqy dihsLqvfd dy bgIcy bxdy jf rhy hn. afm musml bwicaF nMU kwtVvfd dI pfx cfVHn df jo kMm kdy pfiksqfn ivwc mdrwsy krdy sn awj Aus iksm df kMm vwK vwK dihsLqgrd sMgTnF nfl sbMDq keI adfry pwCmI dysLF ivwc krn lwg pey hn. pwCmI srkfrF aqy sLihrIaF nMU ies nvyN KLqry dy tfkry vfsqy nvIN aqy kfrgr phuMc apxfAuxI pvygI.                                 

–sMpfdk

 


16vIN aMqrrfsLtrI eyzjL kfnPrMs aqy do ibwl

          ieh hPLqf torFto ivwc ho rhI 16vIN aMqrfrsLtrI eyzjL kMnPrMs df hPLqf sI ijs ivwc dunIaF Br ivcoN 25 hjLfr dy krIb zYlIgyt Bfg lY rhy hn ijhnF ivwc rfjsI afgU, mfhr, zfktr,  KojI, aMqrfsLtrI smfj syvI sMsQfvF aqy ies iBafnk mhFmfrI `qy kfbU pfAux ivwc juty hoey hor bhuq sfry lok sLfml hn. imlIaF kuJ rportF muqfibk ies kfnPrMs vfsqy dunIaf dy 120 dysLF qoN 31 hjLfr dy krIb zYlIgyt puwjx dI ieCf jLfihr kr cuwky sn. ies qoN sfbq huMdf hY ik dunIaF ies iBafnk qy mfrU bImfrI qoN Cutkfrf pfAux vfsqy ikMnI qwqpr hY. agsq 13 qoN 18 qwk cwlx vflI ieh kfnPrMs awj sLukrvfr nMU smfpq ho jfvygI aqy afs kIqI jfxI cfhIdI hY ik ieh kfnPrMs eyzjL `qy kfbU pfAux vfsqy iek mIl pwQr sfbq hovygI.

          KojIaF vwloN 25 ku sfl pihlF byprd kIqI geI ies iBafnk bImfrI qoN ies smyN dunIaF dy 45 imlIan lok pIVHq hn jo ik kYnzf dy kul abfdI df zyZ guxf igxqI bxdI hY. aPrIkf ivwc sLurU hoeI ieh bImfrI bFdr dI “cYNpYNjI” nsl qoN mnuwK qwk qwk awpVI dwsI jFdI hY AuNJ ies bfry hor vI keI qrF dy snsnIKyj ieMksLfPL smyN smyN kIqy jFdy rhy hn. sB qoN snsnIKyj KdsLf ieh kIqf jFdf irhf hY ik ieh bImfrI “sLIq-XuwD” dOrfn  pwCmI KojIaF ny lbfrtrI (pRXogsLflf) ivwc iqafr kIqI sI aqy jF qF iksy qrF bykfbU ho geI aqy jF ies nMU aPLrIkf ivwc tYst vfsqy Cwizaf igaf sI. ajy qwk iehnF KdisLaF df koeI Tos aDfr iksy nMU nhIN imilaf. swc ieh hY ik ieh bImfrI awj dI swB qoN mfrU bImfrI bxI hoeI hY.

          25 ku sfl pihlF ies bImfrI dy vfiers nMU vwK kr ky aqy pihCfx ky KojIaF ny ies df nfl eyzjL rwiKaf sI aqy ies df vfiers aYc[ afeI[ vI[ iksm df vfiers mMinaF igaf sI jo ik iek mYzIkl mwd hY ijs nfl afm lokF df bhuqf srokfr nhIN hY. ies bImfrI dy vfiers dI pihcfx kr ley jfx qoN keI sfl pihlF vI ies nfl aPrIkf dy grIb dysLF ivwc lok mr rhy sn pr iksy pqf nhIN sI ik ies df kfrn kI hY. eyzjL df vfiers aYsf sLYqfn vfiers mMinaF jFdf hY jo ik srIr dy rwiKaf ivBfg ijs nMU aimAUn isstm afKdy hn, `qy iswDf hmlf krdf hY. ieh srIr dy rwiKaf ivBfg dy ispfhIaF ijhnF nMU tI-sYWl vI afKdy hn ivwc vVH jFdf hY qy AuhnF `qy kbjLf kr lYNdf hY. ies nfl rfKy aqy hmlfvr ivwc Prk Kqm ho jFdf hY qy srIr dI hOlI hOlI mOq df muwZ bwJ jFdf hY.

          ieh vfiers swB qoN vwD kfmuk srIrk sbMDF nfl PYldf hY aqy pwCmI dysLF ivwc ieh smilMgIaF ivwc swB qoN vwD mfrU sfbq hoieaf hY.  dyh vpfr krn vflIaF aOrqF aqy AuhnF dy gfhkF `qy vI ies ny coKI mfr kIqI hY. vpfrk sMBog krn vfly mrd vI ies nMU afpxy Gr lY afAux df kfrn bxy hn aqy KUndfn duafrf vI ieh dunIaF ivwc PYilaf hY. awj vI pwCmI dysLF ivwc ies dy 50% mrIjL smilMgI dwsy jFdy hn. aMkVy dwsdy hn bIqy sfl dunIaF ivwc qkrIbn 3 imlIan lok ies bImfrI nfl mOq df isLkfr hoey hn. sfAUQ aPLrIkf ivwc abfdI dy ilhfj nfl aOsqn swB qoN vwD lok ies bImfrI qoN pIVHq hn. dysL ivwc 5[3 imlIan lok ies bImfrI qoN pIVHq hn ijs nfl sfAUQ aPLrIkf df hr pMjvF bflg ivakqI ies bImfrI df vfiers leI iPrdf hY. sfAUQ aPLrIkf ivwc hr rojL 600 qoN 1000 ivakqI ies bImfrI nfl mrdy hn. kYnyzf ivwc ies dy qkrIbn 58 hjLfr mrIjL hn.

          sfAUQ aPLrIkf dy kul 5[3 imlIan eyzjL pIVHqF ivcoN isrPL iewk lwK 50 hjLfr ivakqIaF nMU hI TukvIaF eyzjL dvfeIaF iml rhIaF hn. hor grIb dysLF dI hflq vI kuJ ies qrf dI hI hY. ies df swB qoN vwzf kfrn eyzjL dI koeI ZukvIN dvfeI nf hoxf aqy jo mfrkIt ivwc hn AuhnF df bhuq mihMgf hoxf hY. aMqrfsLtrI kMpnIaF dvfeIaF munfPy vfsqy bxfAuNdIaF hn lokF dy duwK dUr krn vfsqy nhIN. jo lok munfPLf nhIN dy skdy Auh dvfeIaF dy hwkdfr nhI hn awj dunIaF df ieh dsqUr bixaF hoieaf hY. ies kfnPrMs df mksd dunIaF df iDafn ies kmI vwl iKwcxf sI aqy ies ivwc ieh kfnPrMs kfmXfb rhI hY. eyzjL iek vfr iPr dunIaF dy eyjMzy `qy afeI hY aqy ies bfry mfhrF ny afpxf afpxf qjrbf iek dUjy nfl sFJf kIqf hY.  KojI ies bImfrI df ielfj lwBx ivwc idn rfq lwgy hoey hn aqy ies qoVf agly 5-7 sflF ivwc lwB jfx dI afs kIqI jf rhI hY.  jd qwk ies df kfrgr ielfj nhIN lwBdf qwd qwk dunIaF nMU ies qoN bcx vfsqy jfxU krvfAuxf aqy pIVHq mrIjL nMU awj AuplBd dvfeIaF muhweIaf krvfAuxf sfry dysLF dIaF srkfrF dI sFJI ijLmyvfrI hY ijs `qy ies kfnPrMs ivwc vfr vfr jLor idwqf igaf hY.

          pRDfn mMqrI sRI hfrpr vloN ies kfnPrMs df AudGftn nf krn afAux kfrn AuhnF dI sKLq nukfqcInI hoeI hY ijs ivwc bhuqf dm nhIN jfpdf. dysL dI gvrnr jnrl (hYWz afP styt) bIbI mKfiel XF ny ies df AudGftn kIqf aqy PYzrl mMqrIaF df vPLd ies ivwc hfjLr irhf ijs nfl kYnyzf dI pRqIinDqf AuWc pwDr dI bxI rhI. jnfb hfrpr dy smilMgI sLfdIaF dy stYNz dy ivroDI AuhnF nMU “eyzjL” dy zMzy nfl JMbxf cfhuMdy sn sLfied ies kfrn hI Auh dUr rhy hn. XF ikRqIaF aqy mfrtn dy KLjLfnf mMqrI hox dy vyly Zol dy zgy `qy aPLrIkf dy grIb dysLF dy lokF nMU eyzjL dIaF dvfeIaF dyx leI pfs kIqy gey Pokf kfnUMn vI hfropr dI gYr-hfjLrI df kfrn smiJaf jf irhf ijs hyT bIqy keI sflF qoN iek vI eyzjL dI golI iksy mrIjL nMU muPLq nhIN idwqI jf skI. hfrpr srkfr ies Poky kfnUMn ivwc soD krn qy ivcfr rhI dwsI jFdI hY qF ik grIb dysLF aqy mrIjLF dI shI arQF ivwc mdd kIqI jf sky.

          iqMn aMqrrfsLtrI sLKLsLIaqF ies kfnPrMs `qy hfvI rhIaF hn ijhnF ivwc do “ibwl” hn aqy qIjf AuGf knyzIan stIPn luies hY jo ik ies smyN eyzjL dI rokQfm vfsqy aPrIkn mhFdIp leI rfsLtr sMG dy skwqr jrnl df ivsLysL dUq hY. amrIkf dy sfbkf pRDfn jnfb ibl kilMtn aqy mfeIkrosfPLt dy iblIanr mflk ibl gyts ny eyzjL `qy kfbU pfAux vfsqy dunIaF nMU vMgfiraf hY. gyts aqy AuhnF dI pqnI milMzf gyts dI smfj syvI sMsQf ny qF eyzjL dy ielfj vfsqy 500 imlIan zflr df dfn dyx df vI aYlfn kIqf hY. dovyN ibwl aqy stIPn luies ies ihMmq vfsqy sLflfGf dy hwkdfr hn. KojIaF, dfnIaF qy mfhrF dy sFJy XqnF nfl eyzjL df qoVf jLrUr hI jldI lwB ilaf jfvygf aqy dunIaF iehnF sKLsLIaqF nMU hmysLf Xfd rwKygI.           

–sMpfdk

 


dihsLqgRdF dIaF qMdF iPr pfiksqfn nfl juVIaF!

          brqfnIaF ivwc kwl byprd hoeI dihsLqgrd sfijsL nfl smucI dunIaF JMjoVI geI hY. vIrvfr dI svyr huMdy sfr iek vfr qF dunIaF Br dy muwK hvfeI awizaF df kMmkfr qkrIbn Twp ho ky hI rih igaf sI. hr pfsy cYikMg df bolbflf sI aqy acfnk hI surwiKaf dy nvyN aqy sKLq mfpdMz lfgU krny pey sn. KLqrf hI aYsf dwisaf igaf sI ik bcfE vfsqy gYr-rvfieqI pRbMD krny bxdy sn.

          vIrvfr qVksfr qwk brqfnvIN puils ny lMdn aqy afspfs dy sLihrF `qy Cfpy mfry ky 24 sLwkI dihsLqgrd ihrfsq ivwc lY ley sn aqy lgdy hwQ hI brqfnIaF dy hvfeI awizaF `qy BfrI hiQafrF nfl lYs surwiKaf qYnfq kr idwqI sI. brqfnIaF ivwc aqy brqfnIaF qoN bhuq sfrIaF AuzfxF acfnk rwd kr idqIaF geIaF sn aqy XfqrIaF dIaF lMbIaF lMbIaF lfeInf lwg geIaF sn. kYnyzf, amrIkf aqy XUrp dy hor pRmuwK hvfeI awizaF `qy vI ies df asr ipaf hY aqy cOksI vDfeI geI hY.

          brqfnvI puils vwloN idwqI geI jfxfkrI muqfibk bIqy kuJ smyN qoN brqfnvI KuPIaf puils aYm[  afeI[ 5 iksy dihsLqgrd guwt dIaF hrkqF dI ingrfnI kr rhI sI. Esfmf ibn lfidn dy sMgTn al-kfiedf nfl sbMDq ieh brqfnvI guwt brqfnIaF qoN 10 dy krIb AuhnF hvfeI jhfjLF nMU insLfnf bxfAuxf cfhuMdf sI jo amrIkn hvfeI kMpnIaF nfl sbMDq hox aqy lMdn qoN amrIkf vfsqy Auzfx Br rhy hox. iehnF hvfeI jhfjLF ivwc awD asmfny Es smyN Dmfky kIqy jfxy sn jd ieh aMD mhF sfgr `qy amrIkf vwl Auzfx Br rhy hox. ieko smyN iekwTy 3 qoN cfr 4 hvfeI jhfjLF nMU insLfnf bxfieaf jfxf sI. ies qrF iewko vfr 1200 ku sO suafrIaF dIaF ijMdgIaF KLqry ivwc pfAux vflI ieh sfijLsL smyN isr bynkfb ho geI hY. jy ikqy 10 hvfeI jhfjL iehnF dihsLqgrdF dI lpyt ivwc af jFdy qF 3000 lokF dIaF ijMdgIaF nfl Kyzx df mOkf iehnF byrihm dihsLqgrdF nMU iml jfxf sI. awD asmffny Auzfey gey eyar ieMzIaf dy kinsLkf jMbo jYWt ivwc 329 ivakqI mfry gey sn aqy ieh sMBfvI sfijsL ies qoN 10 guxf vwzI ho skdI sI.

          9/11 dy bMb hmilaF qoN bfad dunIaF Br ivwc surwiKaf eys hwd qwk vDfeI jf cuwkI hY ik Es iksm df kfrf krnf hux eynf asfn nhIN hY aqy ies qoN ieh sfjsLI vI BlIBFq jfxU sn. muZlIaF rportF muqfibk iehnF sfjsLIaF ny afpxf kflf kfrf krn vfsqy nvIN rxnIqI AulIkI sI ijs ivwc nvyN iksm dy hiQafrF nMU vriqaf jfxf sI. ajyhy hiQafr jF hiQafrF nMU ijhnF nMU vwK vwK kr ky pIx vfly pdfrQF dy rUp ivwc afpxy hwQF jF hYNz bYgF ivwc jhfjL ivwc lY jfieaf jfxf sI aqy iPr vrqx qoN pihlF hvfeI jhfjL ivwc jf ik iehnF nMU  rlfL ky mfrU bMb rUp idwqf jfxf sI. kuJ rsfiex qF aYsy dwsy gey hn ijhnF nMU kYmry dI iPlm dI plfsitk dI zwbI ivwc jhfjL aMdr lY jfieaf jfxf sI. ieh aYsy kYmIkl hn ijhnF nfl nf aYksrya dI msLIn hrkq ivwc afAuNdI hY aqy nf surwiKaf leI qYnfq kuwqy hI BONkdy hn. nf iksy surwiKaf aiDkfrI nMU byvI imlk vflI boql `qy sLwk ho skdf hY aqy nf kYmry dI iPlm dI plfsitkj dI CotI ijhI zwbI `qy hI, pfxI dI boql `qy qF sLwk hoxf hI kI hY jo suafrIaF afm hI hwQF ivwc PVI jhfjL ivwc jf cVHdIaF hn.

          ies sfijsL ivwc brqfnIaF ivwc 24 bMdy PVy gey hn jd ik pfiksqfn dy krfcI sLihr ivwc 7 PVy gey hn. brqfnIaF ivwc PVy gey sfry dy sfry sLwkI musilm BfeIcfry nfl sbMDq hn aqy brqfnvI nfgirk dwsy gey hn. iehnF dy sbMD jy iksy nfl bfhr hn qF ieh pfiksqfn ivwc hn. drasl muZlIaF rportF dwsdIaF hn ik ieh sfrI sfiujsL dI jVH hI pfiksqfn ivwc hY. ies qoN iksy nMU koeI hYrfnI nhIN huMdI ikAuNik qkrIbn hr kwtVpMQI ieslfimk sfijsL dI jVH hI pfiksqfn ivwc imldI hY. ijs sfijsL dI jVH aPLgfinsqfn ivwc hovy Aus dIaF Gwto Gwt tfhxIaF jLrUr pfiksqfn ivwc huMdIaF hn.

          lMdn ivwc ipCly sfl hoey bMb Dmfky, Bfrq ivwc bMbeI ivwc hoey bMb Dmfky, torFto ivwc hoeIaF igRPLqfrIaF, amrIkf ivwc hoeIaF igRPLqfrIaaf aqy 9/11 df kFz qwk dIaF jVF aqy tihxIaF pfiksqfn ivwc imlIaF sn. pfiksqfn iewk qrF nfl dunIaF Br dI ieslfimk kwtVpMQI lihr df kyNdr bx igaf hY aqy ies nMU hux pwCmI eyjMsIaF qslIm vI krdIaF hn. krdIaF pwCmI srkfrF vI hn pr Auh ajy dwbvIN avfjL ivwc krdIaF hn aqy dihsLvfd ivruwD lVfeI ivwc jnrl musLwrPL nMU afpxf ihwsydfr dwsdIaF hn.

          vIrvfr qVksfr PVI geI sfijsL nMU byprd krn ivwc pfiksqfn df aihm rol dwisaf jf irhf hY. rportF muqfibk kuJ mhIny pihlF pfiksqfn dy krfcI sLihr ivwc 20 dy krIb dihsLgrd PVy gey sn ijhnF qoN ies sfijLsL df surfg lwgf sI. dihsLqgrdF vwloN qjrby leI pfiksqfn ivwc gupq qOr `qy kIqy gey Dmfky vI puils dI njLr hyT afey sn aqy ieh Dmfky AuhnF rsfiexF nfl kIqy gey sn ijhnF dI vrqoN ies nvIN sfijsL ivwc kIqI jfxI sI.

          ies muhfrq nMU hfsl krn qoNN bfad al-kfiedf dy dUjy drjy dy afgU al jvfhrI ny iewk jfrI kIqI typ ivwc bVHk mfrI sI aqy pwCmI dysLF nMU cyqfvnI vI idwqI sI. rprtF muqfibk eys smyN qoN hI brqfnIaF, amrIkf aqy pfiksqfn ies KLqry df rlL ky ipwCf kr rhy sn. vIrvfr brqfnvIN puils ies iswwty `qy puwjI sI ik dihsLqgrd iksy smyN vI hrkq ivwc af skdy hn eys leI qurMq kfrveI kr ky iehnF nMU kfbU kr ilaf igaf hY. 24 PVy gey hn aqy vI 5 muwK sfjsLI bfhr dwsy jf rhy hn. puils nMU sfjsLIaF dI plYn “bI” df vI KLqrf hY ijs kfrn cOksI vDfeI geI hY.

          eys sfijsL dy byprd hox nfl iBafnk duKFq tl igaf hY pr eyar trYvl hmysLf vfsqy bdl igaf hY. suafrIaF nMU hfsl kuJ ajLfdI hux KLqm ho geI hY aqy hYNz bYg nMU bhuq sImq kr idwqf igaf hY. nvIaF qbdIlIaF hux vwzIaF aYksrya msLInF, tohI kuiqaF aqy tIN tIN krdy tohI aOjLrF vFg hvfeI awizaF dy surwiKaf Zfcy df aMg bx geIaF jfpdIaF hn.

          pfiksqfn vloN ies sfijsL nMU bynkfb krn ivwc inBfey rol vfsqy sLfbsL dyxI bxdI hY pr hr dihsLgrd sfijsL dIaF qMdF df pfiksqfn ivwc juVnf nvIN rxnIqI apxfey jfx dI loV vwl iesLfrf krdf hY. ajyhI rxnIqI ijs ivwc “cor dI mF” qwk mfr kIqI jf sky.

-sMpfdk

 


 

kfnf kqlyafm aqy iejLrfeIl smrQkF dI sLrmnfk cuwp

          iejLrfeIl vwloN ilbnfn `qy kIqI jf rhI bMbbfrI aqy ihjLbuwlf vloN iejLrfeIl `qy dfgy jf rhy rfktF df dOr cOQy hPLqy ivwc dfKl hox vflf hY ijs ivwc ilbnfn df bhuq hI nuksfn ho cuwkf hY. ilbnfn dy 7-8 lwK lok Gr-bfhr Cwz ky Bwj gey hn jo ik ies Coty ijhy dysL dI kul abfdI df cOQf ihwsf bxdf hY. sVkF, pulF aqy hor srkfrI adfiraF df hux qwk 2 iblIan zflr df nuksfn ho igaf dwisaf jf irhf hY jd ik afm lokF dIaF jfiedfdF df nuksfn ies qoN bfhrf hY. ilbnfn ivwc Kfx pIx dIaF vsqF aqy pfxI afid dI gMBIr QuVH pYdf ho geI hY. zfktrI shfieqf burI qrf pRBfvvq hoeI hY. duafeIaF, ibjlI, pfxI, stfPL aqy qyl dI Gft kfrn bhuq sfry KyqrF ivwc  mYzIkl syvfvF Twp ho ky rih geIaF hn.

          kuJ idn pihlF ilbnfn dy kfnf nfm dy ipMz `qy hoey iejLrfeIlI hmly ivwc 60 dy krIb afm lok mfry gey sn ijhnF ivwc 37 dy krIb bwcy aqy bhuq sfrIaF aOrqF sn. mfry gey 37 bwicaF ivcoN 18 bwcy  do pirvfrF dy sn. iejLrfeIl ny dfavf kIqf sI ik AuhnF ihjLbuwlf dI lukxgfh `qy hmlf kIqf sI pr jo vfpiraf Auh dunIaF sfhmxy icwty idn vFg pRgt ho igaf sI. ies Gtnf qoN kuJ idn pihlF hI iejLrfeIl ny rfsLtr sMG dy abjLrvrF dI cONkI `qy hmlf kr ky 4 abjLrbr mfr idwqy sn ijhnF ivcoN iek knyzIan sI. rfsLtr sMG aiDkfrIaF ny sfPL afK idwqf sI ik iejLrfeIl ny ieh kfrvfeI jfx buwJ ky kIqI sI aqy AuhnF vloN iejLrfeIl nMU kIqIaF geIaF apIlF ax-suxIaF kr idwqIaF geIaF sn. iewQoN qwk ik hmly qoN bfad cwl rhIaF rfhq kfrvfeIaF vI iPr iejrfeIl dy hmly dI mfr hyT afeIaF sn. iejLrfeIl ny ies hmly dI qF muafPLI mMg leI sI pr 48 GMty dy aMdr aMdr hI kfnf ipMz vflf Bfxf vrqf idwqf sI.

          kfnf ipMz df kFz bhuq sfry ilbnfnIaF nMU 10 sfl pihlF dI Xfd qfjLf krdf hY jd bfrzr dy nfl pYNdy ies ipMz `qy qopKfny nfl hmlf kr ky iejLrfeIl ny ipMz dy 100 dy krIb lok mfr idwqy sn. ies ielfky dy bhuq lok qF hux ies ipMz nMU “srfipaf” hoieaf ipMz vI afKx lwg pey hn.

          ies mjUdf kFz qoN bfad iejLrfeIl ny dunIaF ivwc vwD rhI ivroD dI Bfvnf nMU Twlx vfsqy 48 GMty vfsqy hvfeI bMbfrI rokx df aYlfn kIqf sI pr Aus nMU vI pUrI qrF pUrf nhIN sI kIqf igaf. iejLrfeIl dy vqIry qoN bhuqI hYrfnI nhIN hY hYrfnI qF ies iGnOxy kFz qoN bfad iejLrfeIl dy smrQkF dI sLrmnfk cuwp qoN hY. iejLrfeIl ny qF kfnf kFz qoN bfad ieh vI afK idwqf sI ik dwKxI ilbnfn ivcoN lok qF Bwj gey hn aqy hux jo kuJ bcdf hY Auh ihjLbuwlf hI hY.

          12 julfeI nMU iejLrfeIl dy do POjI ihjLbuwlf vloN bMdI bxfey jfx qoN bfad sLUru hoey ies iekqrPLf JgVy df amrIkf, brqfnIaF aqy kYnzf ny ieh kihiMdaF smrQn kIqf sI ik iejLrfeIl nMU svY-rwiKaf df hwk hY. hflF ik dunIaF dy bhuqy dysLF ny iejLrfeIl dI BfrI juvfbI kfrvfeI nMU ivqoN vwD qfkq dI vrqoN afK ky BMizaf sI. amrIkf dI ivdysL mMqrI bIbI kMzflIjLf rfeIs ies dOrfn mwD-pUrb dy do gyVy mfr afeI hY pr iejLrfeIlI bMbbfrI rokx bfry bIbI ny koeI vI sLbd nhIN Auciraf.                    

          dUjy pfsy brqfnIaF dy pRDfn mMqrI tonI blyar vI dwbvIN avfjL ivwc dihsLqvfd df tfkrf krn dy nfm `qy iejLrfeIl dy hmly nMU vfr vfr svY rwiKaf afK ky jfiejL Tihrf cwuky hn. tonI blyar dI afpxI pfrtI (lybr) aMdr ies nIqI df BfrI ivroD ho irhf hY aqy blyar alwg-Qlwg pY rhy jfpdy hn. AuhnF dy sfbkf ivdysL mMqrI ny iejLrfeIlI hmly nMU ilbnfnI lokF `qy hmlf krfr idwqf hY. bhuq sfry lokF aqy buDIjIvIaF ny iejLrfeIl dy kfnf hmly nMU “XuwD-aprfD” afiKaf hY aqy sfzy iKafl ivwc ies nMU iksy vI hflq ivwc “XuwD-aprfD” aqoN Gwt nhIN smiJaf jfxf cfhIdf.

          sfzy afpxy dysL dy pRDfn mMqrI aqy ivdysL mMqrI vfr vfr  dwbvIN avfjL ivwc iejLrfeIl df smrQn kr cwuky hn. pihlF pRDfn mMqrI hfrpr ny afpxI rUs Xfqrf smyN hvfeI jhfjL ivwc iejLrfeIl df smrQn ieh afK ky kIqf sI ik iejLrfeIl nMU svY-rwiKaf df hwk hY aqy iPr iejLrfeIl dI kfrvfeI nMU “mYjLrz” Bfv loV muqfibk qolvIN jF ZukvIN afiKaf sI. nf qF iejLrfeIl dy hmly nMU svY-rwiKaf dy Gyry ivwc rwiKaf jf skdf hY aqy nf qolvIN kfrvfeI afK ky TIk Tihrfieaf jf skdf hY. jo kuJ iejLrfeIl kr irhf hY Auh ilbnfn dy lokF nfl srfsr Dwkf hY ijs dI iswDI jF aisDI pRoVqf kYnzf dy inrpwK aks nMU sKLq Tfh lgfvygI.

          dysL dI muwK ivroDI iDr dI phuMc vI torI srkfr dI phuMc nfloN bhuqI vwKrI nhIN hY. aYn zI pI aqy blfk ny ies qbfhI df iswDf ivroD kIqf hY. ilbrl afgUaF ivcoN isrPL ilbrl rys ivwc kuwdy sfbkf pRImIar bfb rya ny ies `qy spsLt stYNz ilaf sI. PrMt-rnr smJy jFdy mfeIkl iegnYcPL aqy joa volpy iejLrfeIl dy hwk ivwc jf KVoey sn pr hux lokF df roh vDdf vyK ky mfeIkl iegnYcPL ny XuDbMdI dI gwl krnI sLurU kIqI hY.

          bIqy hPLqy dOrfn afey pbilk srvyKx sfbq krdy hn ik hfrpr srkfr dI ies nIqI kfrn torI srkfr df grfPL qyjLI nfl izwigaf hY aqy lokF dy ies ivroD nMU BFpidaf pRDfn mMqrI hfrpr ny vI jLrf ku nrmI ivKfAuNidaF hux cuwp Dfr leI jfpdI hY. sLfied hux Auh iejLrfeIl df smrQn “mYjLrz” ZMg nfl krnf cfhuMdy hox.

          ies ivwc koeI sLwk nhIN hY ik kYnyzf arb-iejLrfeIlI JgVy ivwc kdy vI pUrI qrF inrpwK nhIN  irhf aqy hmysLF iejLrfeIl dy hwk ivwc hI Bugqdf irhf hY ijs df kfrn dysL ivwc mjUd qfkqvr XhUdI lfbI aqy gvFzI dysL dI iejLrfeIl pwKI pfilsI hY. kYnzf ivwc srkfr iksy pfrtI dI vI hovy ieh pfilsI iejLrfeIl dy hwk ivwc hI rhI hY pr iPr vI nMgI icwtI mdd aqy dbvIN mdd ivwc bhuq Prk huMdf hY. sfLied jnfb hfrpr ies glqI qoN bfad afpxI pujIsLn nMU suDfr lYx aqy awgy qoN AuhnF df ivvfdgRsq GtnfvF `qy “mYjrz” pRIqIkrm hI vyKx sunx nMU imly. jy AuhnF ajyhf nf kIqf qF ies df KimafjLf coxF moky Bugqxf pY skdf hY jo ik iksy smyN vI dsqk dy skdIaF hn.

          ies ivwc koeI sLwk nhIN hY ik ihjLbuwl iek bhuq hI KLqrnfk jQybMdI hY aqy ajyhIaF KUMKfr jWQybMdIaF vfsqy swiBak smfj ivwc koeI jgHf nhIN hoxI cfhIdI pr ihjLbwlf vrgIaF dfihsLqgrd jQybMdIaF nMU kfbU krn vfsqy afm lokF df Gfx iksy qrf vI vfijb nhIN afiKaf jf skdf.                       –sMpfdk


Bfrq-pfik sLFqI aml: jfrI rwKx ivwc hI Blf hY

          7/11 dy nfm nfl jfixaF jFdf muMbeI bMb kFz ijs ivwc 200 dy krIb jfnF geIaF hn aqy 800 dy krIb lok jLKLmI hoey hn, iek ajyhI iGnOxI kfrvfeI hY ijs dI qih qwk jfxf aqy iBRsLt buwDI dy mflkF nMU kithry ivwc KVy krnf jLrUrI hY. kuJ lok ies kFz dy sLwk ivwc PVy vI gey hn aqy hor igRPLqfrIaF hox dy crcy cwl rhy hn.

          iehnF lVIvfr bMb DmfikaF dI ivDI-vydFq aqy vrqI geI ivsPLoitk smwgrI ksLmIrI dihsLqgrdF jF AuhnF dy srhwd pfr bYTy smrQwkF vwl iesLfrf krdI hY. 9/11 dy inAUXfrk `qy hoey afqmGfqI hmilaF qoN bfad ieslfimk kwtVpMQI sMgTn al-kfiedf ny mYzirz aqy lMdn ivwc ajyhy Dmfky kIqy sn ijhnF ivwc byksUr sLihrIaF nMU insLfnf bxfieaf igaf sI.  Bfrq dI gwl Cwzo, jd kdy vI dunIaF dy iksy dysL ivwc ieslfimk kwtVvfd nfl sbMDq koeI ihMsk Gtnf vfprdI hY qF ies dI pYV Bfrq dy gvFZ qwk jf phuMcdI hY. ajy ipCy ijhy hI kYnyzf, brqfnIaF, amrIkf aqy astrylIaF ivwc dihsLqgrd kfrveIaF ivAuNqx dy dosLF ivwc drjnF ivakqI PVy gey sn ijhnF df Kurf pfiksqfn qwk jf imilaf hY.

          pwCmI surwiKaf mfhrF df mwq hY ik pfiksqfn dI DrqI `qy KVI kIqI geI kwtVvfdI sMsQf “lsLkr-ey-qfiebf” hux ivdysL ivwc afpxy sYWl sQfipq kr cwukI hY aqy al-kfiedf qoN bfad dUjy drjy dI KLqrnfk dihsLqgrd sMsQf bx geI hY. “lsLkr-ey-qfiebf” df gTn BfrqI ksLmIr ivwc dihsLqgrd kfrveIaF leI kIqf igaf sI aqy ies dy isKlfeI kYNp pfiksqfn dI DrqI `qy sn aqy BfrqI KuPIaf qMqr df dfavf hY ik ieh isKlfeI kYNp ajy vI pfiksqfn dI DrqI `qy arfm nfl cl rhy hn.

          “lsLkr-ey-qfiebf” ny keI sfl pihlF BfrqI ksLmIr qoN bfad, rfjDnI idwlI qoN ielfvf Bfrq dy hor ielfikaF ivwc vI dihsLqgrd kfrvfeIaF sLurU kr idwqIaF sn aqy hux ieh iek sMsfr ivafpI dihsLqgrd sMgTn df rUp Dfrn kr geI hY. mfihrF df mwq hY ik 9/11 qoN bfad al-kfiedf aqy ies dy sihXogI aPLgfn qfilbfn dunIaF dIaF njLrF ivwc rVkx lwg pey sn aqy amrIkf ny iehnF dovF `qy lgfqfr sKLq hmly kIqy sn aqy kIqy jf rhy hn ijs dy Pl srUp  ieh dovyN sMgTn kmjLor ho gey hn.

          jd ik ies dOrfn “lsLkr-ey-qfiebf” hor mjLbUq aqy sMgTq ho ky sfhmxy afeI hY. ijwQy al-kfiedf dI bhuqI lIzrisLp aqy kfzr arb dysLF nfl sbMDq sI aqy pfiksqfn qy aPLgfinsqfn ivwc asfnI nfl pihcfixaF jf skdf sI AuWQy “lsLkr-ey-qfiebf” df bhuqf kfzr aqy lIzrisLp pfiksqfnI hox kfrn pfiksqfn, aPLgfinsqfn, Bfrq aqy AuhnF pwCmI dysLF  ivwc asfnI nfl aMzr-grFAuz rih skdI hY ijwQy BfrqI aqy pfiksqfnI BfeIcfr vwsdf hY.

          ijwQy 9/11 dy iGnfAuxy kfry nMU sr-aMjfm dyx vfly sfry dy sfry dihsLqgrd pfiksqfn rfhIN aPLgfinsqfn awpV ky Esfmf ibn lfidn dy kYNpF ivwc isKlfeI lY cuwky sn AuWQy hux PVy gey bhuqy dihsLqgrd pfiksqfn ivwc cldy “lsLkr-ey-qfiebf” dy kYNpF ivwc isKlfeIXfPLqf hoey hn. pwCmI KuPLIaf qMqr iehnF PVy gey dihsLqgrdF dy “lsLkr-ey-qfiebf” nfl iswDy sbMDqF qoN bhuq hYrfn hn. jUn mhIny ivwc astrylIaF ivwc PVy gey jhfdI, amrIkf dI vrjInIaF styt ivwc PVy gey ijhfdI aqy brqfnIaF ivwc PVy gey ijhdIaF dIaF qfrF pfiksqfn ivwc “lsLkr-ey-qfiebf” nfl juVdIaF hn. eysy qrF torFto ivwc hoeIaF 17 igRPLqfrIaF ivcoN kuJ dy sbMD vI “lsLkr-ey-qfiebf” dy nfl juVdy hn aqy kuJ pfiksqfn jf vI afey dwsy jFdy hn. torFto dy slfhdIn ieslfimk sYNtr ivwc vMzI geI kwtVpMQI zI vI zI ivwc vI aYsI smwgrI hY jo “lsLkr-ey-qfiebf” nfl sbMDF vwl iesLfrf krdI hY.

          “lsLkr-ey-qfiebf” df mwuK Poks BfvyN BfrqI ksLmIr hI sI  pr Aurokq qwQ drsfAuNdy hn ik hux ieh al-kfiedf dy brfbr dI  KLqrnfk aMqrrfsLtrI sMsQf bx cuwkI hY. aYl[ eI[ tI[ dy Coty nfm nfl jfxI jFdI ieh dihsLqgrd sMsQf Bfrq, brqfnIaF, amrIkf, kYnyzf  aqy pfiksqfn ivwc pfbMdIXfPLqf sMgTn hY. pfiksqfn ny BfrI aMqrrfsLtrI dbfE hyT ies `qy pfbMDI afied kIqI sI pr ies nMU sKLqI nfl lfgU kdy nhIN kIqf. pfik srkfr vwloN pfbMDI lgfey jfx qoN qurMq bfad hI “lsLkr-ey-qfiebf” afpxf nfm bdl ky “jmfq-Ed-dfvf” dy nfm hyT kMm krn lwg peI sI aqy ies ny iek hor PrMt sMsQf “iKdmq-ey-KLlk” sQfipq kr leI sI jo ik iewk KrfieqI sMsQf hY.

          “lsLkr-ey-qfiebf” vloN pfiksqfn dI DrqI `qy clfey jFdy kYNpF ivwc pfiksqfnI ksLmIr dy sLihr mnsLihrf ivwc clfey jFdy kYNp df ivsLysL asQfn hY ijQy keI pwCmI dysL dy jMmpl musilm kwtVpMQI isKlfeI lY cwuky hn. mfihrF df iKafl hY ik pfiksqfn ny jfxidaF hoieaF ies vwl awKF mIcIaF hoeIaF hn aqy “lsLkr-ey-qfiebf” afpxf dfromdfr pfik KuPIaF eyjMsIaF dI iewCf aqy mdd nfl hI clfeI jf rhI hY.

          ajyhI hflq ivwc ksLmIr dy nfl muMbeI ivwc kIqy gey lVIvfr bMb DmfikaF kfrn Bfrq df guwsf smJ afAuNdf hY. bMb kFZ qoN bfad afpxI muMbeI PyrI mOky zf: mnmohn isMG ny pfiksqfn nMU sKLq cyqfvnI idMidaF sYktrI pwDr dI duvwlI gwlbfq dy awgy pfey jfx df iesLfrf kr idwqf sI. pfiksqfn dy rfsLtrpqI jnrl musLwrPL ny ies juvfb ivwc Bfrq nfl bMb kFZ dI qPLqIsL ivwc hr sMBv sihXog dI pysLksL kIqI sI aqy duvwly sbMDqF nMU ibhqr bxfAux df aml jfrI rwKx vfsqy afiKaf sI. nfl hI jnrl musLwrPL ny ieh vI afK idwqf sI ik jy Bfrq-pfik sLFqI vfrqf ivwc KVoq afAuNdI hY qF smJo dihsLqgrd afpxy mksd ivwc kfmXfb ho gey hn.

          jnrl musLwrP dy Apurokq kQn ivwc bhuq vjLn jfpdf hY. ies ivwc koeI sLwk nhIN hY ik ieslfimk kwtVpMQI Bfrq aqy pfiksqfn ivckfr dosqfnf sbMD kdy brdfsLq hI nhIN kr skdy ikAuNik ies nfl AuhnF df sfrf dfro-mdfr hI KLqm ho skdf hY. Auh qF dovF dysLF ivwc KVkdI rwKx ivwc hI afpxf Blf smJdy hn aqy ies mksd ivwc pfiksqfn dIaF surwiKaf POjF aqy KuPIaF eyjMsIaF ivwc bYTy keI lok vI AuhnF dy BfeIvfl hoxgy.

          Bfrq dy ies pwK ivwc vI vjLn hY ik pfiksqfn nfl sfjLgfr sbMD qF hI awgy vD skdy hn jy pfiksqfn dI DrqI qoN Bfrq ivroDI kfrvfeIaF df Kfqmf huMdf hY. zf: mnmohx isMG ny ikhf hY ik pfiksqfn ny ajyhIaF kfrveIaF dy Kfqmy vfsqy kIqy afpxy vfady nMU ajy qwk pUrf nhIN kIqf aqy ies hflq ivwc BfrqI sdBfvnf iewk hwd qwk hI awgy jf skdI hY.

          Bfrq ny pfiksqfn qoN aprfD jgq dy srgxf dfAUd iebrfhIm smyq 20 ku ho dihsLqgrdF dI hvflgI mMgI hoeI hY ijs `qy pfik srkfr ny nFh pwKI vqIrf Dfrn kIqf hieaf hY. dfAUd smyq keIaF dy pfiksqfn ivwc QOh-iTkfxy dws dyx qoN bfad vI pfiksqfn df iehI mwq hY ik Auh pfiksqfn ivwc hY hI nhIN hn.

          keI vfr ieh aihsfs vI huMdf hY ik sLfied pfiksqfn dy afgU eys hwd qwk byvws hox ik Auh cfhuMdy hoey vI dihsLqgrdF nMU hwQ nf pf kdy hox. jnrl musLwrPL `qy hoey keI asPLl jfnlyvf hmly hfmI Brdy krdy hn swB kuJ pfik afgUaF dy vws ivwc nhIN hY. pr kI Auh iemfndfrI nfl dihsLqvfd nMU kfbU krn dIaF koisLsF kr rhy hn? ajy qwk qF ieh vI iek svfl hI bixaF hoieaf hY.

          Bfrq leI qswlI vflI gwl ieh hY pfiksqfn qoN Auprokq svfl puwCx vflf Bfrq hux iekwlf dysL nhIN hY. amrIkf smyq sfry pwCmI dysLF dIaF njLrF pfiksqfn nMU awzf bxfeI bYTy ieslfimk kwtpMQIaF aqy pfiksqfnI afgUaF dI kfrgujLfrI `qy lwgIaF hoeIaF hn. bMdUk dI nok nfl hiQafeI kursI jnrl musLwrPL vfsqy kMizaF dI syjL vI sfbq ho skdI hY.

          Bfrq aqy pfiksqfn dy sfjLgfr ho rhy sbMDF ivwc iksy iksm dI KVoq dovF dysLF dy ihwqF ivwc nhIN hovygI. sbMDF ivwc af irhf suDfr dovF dysLF dy lokF ivwc nyVqf pYdf kr irhf hY aqy ieh aml hr hflq jfrI rwiKaf jfxf cfhIdf hY. KyzF, siBafcfr aqy vpfr ivwc vfDf ies nyVqf dy aml nMU hor mjLbUq krygf ijs nfl ieslfimk kwtVpMQIaF nMU kmjLor krn aqy nfl hI pfiksqfn ivwc sQfeI jLmhUrI injfm sQfipq krn ivwc mdd imlygI. kwtVvfd dy nfl nfl pfiksqfn nMU zktytrvfd dI cuMgl `coN Cuzfieaf jfxf vI bhuq jLrUrI hY. Bfrq nfl cMgy sbMD, bfhrI KLqry (Bfrq qoN KLqry) dy azMbr nMU ClxI kr dyxgy ijs nfl zktytrvfd aqy POjvfd df sfieaf KLqm kr ky pfiksqfn jmhUrI dysLF dI kqfr ivwc sLfml ho skygf. dihsLqvfd dy Kfqmy leI pfik `qy lgfqfr dbfE bxfeI rwKx dy nfl nfl  Bfrq-pfik sLFqI aml jfrI rwKx ivwc hI Blf hY.

-sMpfdk


iejLrfeIl vloN svY-rwiKaf dy nfm `qy lbnfnIaF df Gfx!

          awj qoN cfr-pMj dhfky pihlF lYbnfn mwD-pUrb iKwqy df swB qoN vDIaf dysL igixaF jFdf sI. lYbnfn dI rfjDfnI brUq (bYrUq) nMU mwD pUrb  df pYirs ikhf jFdf sI aqy lfgly dysLF dy lok lYbnfn nMU sYr-spfty, pVHfeI aqy zfktrI ielfj vfsqy afieaf krdy sn. brUq sLihr mwD pUrb df vwzf vpfrk kyNdr sI aqy brUq dI bMdrgfh mflvfhk smuMdrI jfhfjLF nfl BrI rihMdI sI.

          ieh Auh smF sI jd lYbnfn dy gvFZ ivwc lgdy bhuqy dysL jF qF grIb sn aqy jF aMdrUnI qy bfhrI  AuQl-puQl df isLkfr sn. sMsfr dy dUjy mhF XuwD dy Kfqmy qoN bfad jyqU dysLF ny plsqfeIn df iewk ihwsf XhUdIaF nMU dy ky iejLrfeIl dI nINh rKvf idwqI sI. dUjy pfsy sfry dy sfry gvFZI musilm dysL ies dy ivroD ivwc KVoo gey sn. sMsfr Br dy vwK vwK dysLF Kfs kr dUjI jMg dI mfr hyT afey XUrpIan dysLF dy XhUdI vhIrF Gwq ky iejLrfeIl ivwc vwsxf sLurU ho gey sn. ies nfl PlsqInI lokF df AujfVf sLurU ho igaf jo awj qwk jfrI hY. ieh ivvfd iejLrfeIl aqy arbF ivcfkr iqMn jMgF df kfrn bixaF sI pr amrIkf dI BrpUr mdd nfl iejLrfeIl idn-bidn arbF `qy hfvI huMdf igaf aqy awj iek POjI qfkq bx igaf hY.

          mwD-pUrb dy iehnF hflqF ivwc lYbnfn iewk surwiKaq aqy sLFq dysL vjoN AuBiraf sI. ieh gwl EdoN dI hY pr awj rfjDfnI brUq smyq sfry df sfrf lYbnfn ax-aYlfnI jMg df aKfVf bixaF hoieaf. ajyhI jMg ijs nfl lYbnfn df afpxf koeI iswDf vfsqf nhIN hY aqy nf hI ies jMg ivwc lYbnfn afp koeI iDr hY. jMg shyVn jogI qF lYbnfn kol afpxI POj vI nhIN hY. JgVf iejLrfeIl aqy kwtVpMQI ihjLbulf sMgTn ivckfr hY ijs ny afpxf qfxfbfxf lYbnfn dI DrqI `qy buixaF hoieaf hY. ierfn aqy sIrIaf dI mdd pRfpq ihjLbulf sLIaf muslmfnF dI iewk kwtVpMQI sMsQf hY ijs nMU iejLrfeIl dI hoNd pRvfn nhIN hY.

          10 ku idn pihlF iejLrfeIlI bMbfrI nfl lYbnfn `qy tuwitaf kihr, ies Coty ijhy dysL `qy afeI ies iksm dI pihlI afPLq nhIN hY.  awsIivaF dy sLurU ivwc vI lYbnfn iejLrfeIl dy kihr df isLkfr hoieaf sI aqy nfl hI aMdrUnI KfnfjMgI df vI. iehnF sflF ivwc hI lYbnfn pUrI qrF AujV igaf sI qy mwDpUrb df pYirs, sLihr brUq KMzr bxf idwqf igaf sI. iejLrfeIl AuWqoN bMb suwt irhf sI qy lYbnfn dy aMdr eIsfeIaF aqy muslmFnF ivwckfr Kfnf jMgI sLurU ho geI sI. brUq do ihisaF ivwc vMizaf igaf sI, iewk ihwsf eIsfeIaF df aqy dUjf muslmfnF df ijhnF nMU vMzx vflI ryKf df nfm “grIn” lfeIn dwisaf jFdf sI.

          Es smyN iejLrfeIlI bMbfrI df kfrn brUq nMU hYWzkuaftr bxf ky bYTy PlsqInI afgU Xfsr arfPq aqy Aus dI sMsQf pI aYl E  sI jo lYbnfn dI DrqI qoN PlsqInI ajLfdI leI lV rhy sn. arfPLq nMU kfbU krn vfsqy iejLrfeIl ny afpxI Ql sYnf vI brUq sLihr dIaF brUhF qwk lY aFdI sI aqy iejLrfeIl dy tfkry vfsqy sIrIaf ny vI lYbnfn dy vwzy ihwsy ivwc afpxI POjF qYnfq kr idwqIaF sn. BfrI brbfdI qoN bfad jd arfPLq brUq ivwc iejLrfeIlIaF dy Gyry ivwc af igaf qF rUs aqy amrIkf ny ivc ivcfly vflf rsqf kwZ ky arfPfq nMU brUq ivcoN inklx df rsqf dyx vfsqy iejLrfeIl nMU mnf ilaf.

          smF pf ky brUq sLihr muV afpxy pYrF `qy KVn lwgf aqy lYbnfn ivwc cihl pihl sLurU krn nMU do dhfky df smF lwg igaf. ies dOrfn iejLrfeIl dIaF POjF qF lYbnfn nMU KflI kr ky cly geIaF pr sIrIaF dI 30-40 hjLfr POj pwkIaF CfAuxIaF bxf ky lYbnfn ivwc bYT geI. BfrI aMqrrfsLtrI dbfE hyT sIrIaf ny ajy kuJ smF pihlF hI afpxIaF POjF lYbnfn ivwcoN bfhr kwZIaF hn.

          awsIivaF dy sLUrU dy sflF ivwc hI ihjLbulf sMgTn lYbnfn dI DrqI `qy pYdf hoieaf aqy hoieaf ierfn dI iswDI mdd nfl. ihjLbulf lYbnfn dy sLIaf iPrky dy muslmfnF df sMgTn hY aqy ierfn dunIaF df ieko iek sLIaf muslmfn dysL hox kfrn ies df hmfieqI hY. ierfn aqy ihjLbulf dI dUjI sFJ iejLrfeIl dI hoNd df ivroD hY ijs qoN dovyN ienkfrI hn. ihjLbulf `qy lYbnfn dI srkfr df koeI kMtrol nhIN hY ieh afpxy ivwc ivwc “styt ivd ien styt” vFg lYbnfn ivwc ivcrn vflf sMgTn hY. sMXukq rfsLtr ihjLbulf df Bog pfAux df mqf pfs kr cuwkf hY qF ky lYbnfn dI pRBUswqf nMU bhfl kIqf jf sky. iksy nMU vI ihjLbulf dy iek isvlIan sMsQf vjoN ivcrn `qy koeI ieqrfjL nhIN hY pr ieqrfjL ies dI gurIlf hoNd AuWqy hY.

          iejLrfeIl iKlfPL ihjLbulf df muK hiQafr “ktUsLf” nfm dy rfkt rhy hn jo smyN smyN ihjLbulf vloN iesLrfeIl vwl dfgy jFdy rhy hn. ies iksm dy vwK vwK rfkt iejLrfeIl ivwc 20 qoN 45 ku iklomItr qwk mfr krdy hn pr ieh ieMksLfPL vI kIqf igaf hY ik ihjLbulf kol “ijLljLl” nfm df rfkt vI hY jo iejLrfeIl ivwc 200 iklomItr qwk mfr kr skdf hY. ies dy puKqf sbUq nhIN hn pr iksy vI gurIlf lihr kol ies iksm dy mfrU hiQafrF df hoxf KLqry qoN KflI nhIN hY. awj dy mfrU dihsLqvfd dy Xuwg ivwc dunIaF ies kihr dy tfkry vfsqy iekwTI ho rhI jfpdI hY. ies pwKoN (dihsLqvfd pwKoN) dunIaF dy bhuqy dysLF dI hmdrdI iejLrfeIl nfl hY pr dihsLqvfdI sMgTn dy tfkry vfsqy ‘lsLmx ryKf’ pfr kr jfx pwKoN iejLrfeIl dI BfrI nukqfcInI ho rhI hY.

          mjUdf lVfeI df muZ Es smyN bwJf jd ihjLbulf CfpfmfrF ny do ku hPLqy pihlF iejLrfeIl dI iewk srhwdI cONkI `qy acfnk hmlf kr ky iejLrfeIl dy do POjIaF nMU bMdI bxf ilaf. ihjLbulf ny iehnF POjIaF bdly iejLrfeIl dIaF jyHlF ivwc bMd keI bMdIaF nMU irhf krn dI mMg kIqI ijs nMU iejLrfeIl ny rwd kr idwqf aqy POjIaF dI qurMq ibnF sLrq irhfeI dI mMg kIqI.

          10 idn pihlF iejrLfeIl ny gwl bxdI nf vyK ky lYbnfn `qy iek qrPLf hvfeI hmlf kr idwqf. pihly idn hI brUq dy isvlIan hvfeI awzy nMU nkfrf kr idwqf igaf. agly idn hvfeI awzy `qy iPr hvfeI hmlf kIqf igaf aqy rMnvya smyq qyl dy tYNk qbfh kr idwqy gey. sIrIaf nMU jFdI muK sLfhrg `qy vI bMb suty gey, puwl qbfh kr idwqy gey aqy ptrol pMpF qy ibjlI pYdf krn vfly plFtF qwk nMU vI nhIN bKisLaf igaf. iswty vjoN lYbnfn df jnjIvn Twp ho igaf, ibjlI, pfxI qy qyl dI splfeI ruk geI. afm lok nf GrF ivwc bYTx jogy rhy aqy nf Bwjx jogy rhy. iejLrfeIl lYbnfn dy lokF nMU bcx vfsqy sLihr  Cwz jfx vfsqy afK irhf hY pr nfl hI ptrol pMp, sVkF qy puwl AuzfeI jf irhf hY.

          iejLrfeIl df hvfeI kihr awj ieh sqrF ilKy jfx qwk dsvyN idn vI ibnF rok jfrI sI aqy iejLrfeIl dI Qwl sYnf vI lYbnfn dy srhwdI Kyqr ivwc dfKl ho cuwkI sI. iejLrfeIl ny bMbF dI brsfq ivwc 100 dy krIb jMgI jhfjL lgfey hoey hn jo hux qwk hjLfrF AuzfnF Br cuwky hn qy hjLfrF twn bMb suwt cuwky hn. iejLrfeIlI POj lYbnfn dy dwKxI ihwsy `qy hmlf kr ky ies `qy mukMml kbjLf krn dI ivAuNqbMdI kr rhI jfpdI hY.

          iejLrfeIl ny afpxI svY-rwiKaf dy nfm `qy lbnfnIaF df jnjIvn qbfh kr idwqf. hux qwk 300 qoN vwD lbnfnI mfry gey hn aqy pMj lwK qoN vwD byGr ho gey hn. iejLrferIl ivwc vI ihjLbulf rfktF dI mfr nfl 15 sLihrI mfry gey hn jd ik iejLrfeIl dy drjun ku POjI vI aYksLn ivwc mfry gey hn. iejLrfeIlI bMbF dI mfr hyT ihjLbulf gurIly afey hox jF nf, inhwQy isvlIan jLrUr afey hn. ieko pirvfr dy 8 knyzIan vI iehnF bMbF df isLkfr ho cuwky hn. knyzIan srkfr lYbnfn ivwc Psy 40 hjLfr dy krIb knyzIan sLihrIaF nMU bfhr kwZx vfsqy hwQ pYr mfr rhI hY. Bfrq, amrIkf, brqfnIaF, astrylIaf, sRI lMkf aqy jhor keI dysL afpxy afpxy sLihrIaF nMU surwiKaq bfhr kwZx vfsqy Xqn kr rhy hn. gvFZI dysLF sfeIprs aqy qurkI ivwc bfhr kwZy jf rhy ivdysLIaF leI afrjLI kYNp bxf idwqy gey hn.

          ivdysLI qF hOlI sihjy bfhr kwZ ley jfxgy pr lYbnfn dy sLihrIaF df kI bxygf? ies bfry iPkr krn vflf koeI nhIN hY. lYbnfn dI afpxI srkfr aqy dysL ivwc eynI jfn nhIN hY qy iejLrfeIl nMU ihjLbulf gurIly mfrn vfsqy lYbnfnIaF dy Gfx `qy duwK koeI nhIN hY. amrIkf aqy kYnyzf vrgy dysL vI dwbvIN avfjL ivwc iejLrfeIl dy “svY rwiKaf” dy hwk dI ipwT QfpV rhy hn.

          iejLrfeIl nMU ieqrfjL hY ik ihjLbulf lYbnfn ivwc qfkqvr ho igaf hY aqy lYbnfn ivwc lYbnfnI styt qy srkfr df bolbflf KLqm ho igaf hY. jo kuJ iejLrfeIl ny bIqy 10 idnF ivwc kIqf hY ies nfl lYbnfnI qfkq nMU hor Korf lwgf hY.  qbfhI df isLkfr ho rhy byksUr lYbnfnIaF vfsqy iejLrfeIl EhI kuJ kr irhf hY jo iejLrfeIl afp ihjLbulf nMU krnoN rokxf cfhuMdf hY. iejLrfeIl vwloN vrqI jf rhI loVoN vwD POjI qfkq dI sKLq inKyDI krnI bxdI hY.

-sMpfdk


Bfrq `qy dYNqF df hmlf!

          Bfrq dI vpfrk rfjDfnI muMbeI ivwc 11 julfeI dy lVIvfr bMb DmfikaF dy kihr ivwc 200 dy krIb ivakqIaF dIaF jfnF geIaF aqy 700 qoN vwD jLKLmI hoey hn. dunIaF Br dy isafsI afgUaF ny ies dihsLqgrd kfrvfeI dI rvfieqI inMdf kIqI hY. jd kdy vI iksy dysL ivwc ajyhI iGnfAuxI Gtnf vfprdI hY qF dunIaF ies dI inMdf krdI hI hY. dihsLqvfd hux sfrI dunIaF vfsqy hI cxOqI bx igaf hY aqy koeI vI ikqy vI ies dI lpyt ivwc af skdf hY. CotIaF-motIaF dihsLqgrd lihrF BfvyN dunIaF dy keI dysL ivwc cwl rhIaF hn  pr ieh ieslfimk kwtVvfd hI hY ijs ny sfrI dunIaF nMU pwbF Bfr kIqf hoieaf hY.

          ajy hux kuJ smF pihlF hI kYnyzf ivwc 17 ivakqI PVy gey sn jo koeI vwzI dihsLqgrd kfrvfeI krn dIaF skImF GV rhy sn. jy ikqy ieh tolf puils dy njLrIN nf cVHdf qF koeI iBafnk kfrf kYnyzf ivwc vI vfpr skdf sI. puils rportF muqfibk ieh tolf kYnyzf dI vpfrk rfjDfnI torFto ivwc kuJ iemfrqF nMU AuzfAuxf cfhuMdf sI aqy rfjDfnI aftvf ivwc isafsqdfnF nMU bMdI bxfAux smyq pRDfn mMqrI df isr klm krn dI iehnF dI skIm sI. hYrfnI dI gwl qF ieh hY ik iehnF 17 kiQq dosLIaF ivcoN 5 ajy nfbflg hI hn jd ik iewk nMU Cwz ky bfkI sfry 30 sfl dI Aumr qoN Gwt dy hn. ies qoN sfbq huMdf hY ik kwtVvfdI hlkI Aumr dy nOjvfnF nMU vrglfAux ivwc kfmXfb ho rhy hn aqy Auh vI pwCmI dysLF dy jMmpl nOjvfnF nMU.

          iehnF 17 igRPLqfrIaF dy kuJ hPLqy bfad hI isLkfgo ivwc kfrvfeI krn dI iqafrI kr irhf iek hor dihsLgrd tolf amrIkf dI puils ny kfbU kIqf hY. ajy bIqy hPLqy hI amrIkf dI puils ny iek hor dihsLqgRd kfrveI dI skIm byprd kIqI hY ijs ivwc mFtrIal ivwc pVHdf irhf iek nOjvfn vI sLfml sI. ieh tolf mYnhYtn ivwc iek diraf hyT bxI tnl (sruMg) jo mYnhYtn nMU inAU jrjLI nfl joVdI hY nMU bfrUd nfl AuzfAux dI iqafrI kr irhf sI. ies tnl dy qoVy jfx nfl BfrI nuksfn hox dI sMBfvnf sI jo ik smyN isr kfrvfeI krn nfl bcf ilaf igaf. ies nfl mYnhYtn izstrk ivwc pfxI Br jfxf sI aqy dovF sLihrF df sMprk tuwt jfxf sI. puls muqfibk ies toly ivwc sLfml awT ivakqIaF dI sLnfKq ho geI hY. iewk nMU lYbnfn ivwc vI PiVaf igaf hY.

          surwiKaf PorsF dy lwK XqnF dy bfvjUd dihsLqgrdF dI hr kfrvfeI isry cVHn qoN pihlF byprd krnI asMBv hY. amrIkf df 9/11 df afqmGfqI sfkf ies dI imsfl hY jd vrlz tryz sYNtr dy do tfvrF nMU agvfh kIqy jhfjLF nfl qbfh kIqf igaf sI. ajy bIqy hPLqy hI brqfnIaF 7/7 sfky dI Xfd mnf ky hitaf hY jd 7 julfeI nMU lMdn df sbvya isstm lVI vfr bMb DmfikaF dI mfr hyT afieaf sI.

          spyn dI rfjDfnI mYzirz ivwc vfpry tRyn bMb kFz, ieMzonysLIaf dy bflI tfbU ivwc hoieaf kwtVpMQI hmlf aqy rUs ivwc iek skUl ivwc bMdI bxf ky bMb DmfikaF ivwc mfry gey sYNkVy bwcy ajyhIaF Audfhrxf hn ijhnF ivwc puils df KuPIaf qMqr pUrI qrF Pyhl ho igaf sI. keI vfr sQfpq surwiKaf pRnflIaF aYn afKrI mOky Pyhl ho jfx kfrn vI dihsLqgrd kfrvfeIaF nMU sPLlqf iml jFdI hY ijhf ik 1985 ivwc eyar ieMzIaf dy kinsLkf jhfjL dy bMb kFz vylyL vfpiraf sI. Es smyN vYnkUvr qoN afieaf suafrIaF df smfn ibnF aYksrya kIiqaF hI torFto ivwc eyar ieMzIaf jhfjL ivwc lwd idwqf igaf sI. ijs kfrn bMb vflf sUt kys jhfjL dy kfrgo df ihwsf bx igaf sI qy 329 mOqF df kfrn bixaF sI. muMbeI ivwc 11 julfeI nMU vI iehI hoieaf hY aqy ajyhf BivK ivwc vI avwsL hovygf jd dihsLqgrd afpxy insLfny nMU qbfh krn ivwc kfmXfb ho jfxgy.

          Xfd rwKx vflI gwl ieh hY ik ajyhIaF iekf-dukf insLfny qbfh krn dIaF kfmXfbIaF iksy vI dihgsLqgrd lihr nMU rfj swqf hiQafAux aqy dunIaF `qy mnmfnIaF krn dy afsLy ivwc sPLlqf nhIN duaf skdIaF. “pfpI ky mfrny ko pfpo mhFblI” dy aKfx vFg ajyhIaF kfrvfeIaF dihsLqgrdF aqy afm lokF ivwc dUrIaF vDfAux df sfDn bxdIaF hn aqy lokF dI mdd qoN ibnF qF koeI vI lihr kfmXfb nhIN ho skdI, dihsLqgrd lihr dy kfmXfb ho jfx dI qF sMBfvn hY hI nhIN hY.  lokF df zr hI keI vfr aYsIaF lihrF nMU kfmXfbI dy supny ivKfAux lwg jFdf hY pr iewk hwd qwk phuMc ky ieh zr vI KLqm ho jFdf hY. aqy lokF dy ies zr dy Kfqmy dy nfl hI dihsLqgrd lihrF dy Kfqmy dI sLurUafq ho jFdI hY.

          muMbeI ivwc vfprI ieh pihlI dihsLqgrd kfrvfeI nhIN hY.  ies qoN pihlF vI mMubeI bMbF dI lpyt ivwc afAuNdf irhf hY. muMbeI stfk akscyNj `qy hoey hmly ivwc do sO qoN vwD jfnF geIaF sn.  pr AuNdo dunIaF ajy dihsLqgrdI qoN icMquq nhIN sI. amrIkf vrgy dysLF nMU Es smyN “ihAUimn rfeIts” df buKfr ciVHaf rihMdf sI. pwCmI dysLF dIaF njLrF ivwc afm lokF nfloN dihsLqgrdF dy mnuwKI hwk bhuqy mhwqqf rwKdy sn. hux jd iehnF dy afpxy isr peI hY qF ibnF kys clfieaF sflF bwdI zItYnsLnF df islislf iehnF nMU vI clfAuxf ipaf hY. amrIkf ny qF guaftfnmo bya ivwc 2001-2002 dy PVy hoey ieslfimk kwtVpMQIaF dy nfm qwk vI dunIaF sfhmxy nsLr nhIN kIqy vkIl aqy dlIl leI smF dyxf qF dUr dI gwl hY.

          amrIkf nMU hux pqf lwgf hY ik  dihsLqqrdF `qy kys clfAux vfsqy jwjF aqy vkIlF dy GrF aqy pirvfrF qwk dI vI rKvflI krnI pYNdI hY. ajy kuJ idn pihlF hI rUs dy pRDfn puiqn ny amrIkf aqy AuhnF pwCmI dysLF nMU lMby hwQIN ilaf hY ijhnF ny aPLgfinsqfn ivwc rUs dy ivroD ivwc ielfimk kwtVvfd pYdf kIqf sI. puiqn ny nhorf mfiraf hY ik ieslfimk kwtVvfd nMU hvf dyx vfly hI awj ies dy Kfqmy dI lVfeI lV rhy hn aqy afpxy puwq mrvf rhy hn. jnfb puiqn df ieh nhorf bhuq vjLn rwKdf hY. kwtVvfd iek ajyhf swp hY jo ies nMU duwD ipafAux vfly nMU vI zMg mfr skdf hY.

          muMbeI ivwc hoey DmfikaF ivwc lsLkr-ey-qfiebf aqy ieslfmI ividafrQIaF dI pfbMdIsLudf jQybMdI 'ismI' df hwQ hox df sLwk jfhr kIqf jf irhf hY. lsLkr-ey-qfiebf iek ajyhI KuMKfr jQybMdI hY ijs ny Bfrq dy ksLmIr sUby ivwc qbfhI mcfeI hoeI hY. hux qF ies ny al-kfiedf vFg dunIaF dy keI dysLF ivwc kfrvfeIaF sLurU kr idwqIaF hn.  imlIaF rportF muqfibk pfiksqfn ivwcoN apryt kr rhI ies dihsLqgrd jQybMdI dy sbMD aqy sYWl hux kYnyzf, amrIkf aqy XUrp dy keI dysLF ivwc vI hn. ies qrF al kfiedf qoN bfad lsLkr-ey-qfiebf dUjI vwzI Kqrnfk ieslfimk jQybMdI bxdI jf rhI hY.

          dihsLqgrd jQybMdIaF nMU ijMdf rihx vfsqy rkrUtF dy nfl nfl dUjI loV mfieaf dI huMdI hY. iehI kfrn hY ik hux srkfrF hvflf isstm rfhIN huMdf mfieaf df adfn-pRdfn kfbU krnf cfhuMdIaF hn. dihsLqgrd jQybMdIaF ny afpxy afp nMU CupfeI rwKx vfsqy hor PrMt jQQybMdIaF vI Kohl rwKIaF hn ijhnF dy shfry lokF qoN pYsf Augrfihaf jFdf hY. qfiml tfeIgrjL bfry ies qrF dIaF keI ivsqrq rportF af cukIaF hn aqy hflq hor kwtVpMQI lihrF dI vI iesy qrF dI hI hY.

          hvflf rfhIN dihsLqgrd jQybMdIaF leI mfieaf df vhf rokx vfsqy dunIaF dy 101 dysLF ivwc kMm krdI aMqrrfsLtrI jQybMdI hux afpxf hYWz aiPLs torFto ivwc Kohl rhI hY. ies jQybMdI df nfm hY “aYgmONt gruwp” aqy ies df torFto af jfxf sMkyq krdf hY ik torFto ajyhIaF kfrvfeIaF df Durf bxdf jf irhf hY.

          dihsLqvfd dy tfkry qoN ibnF dunIaF kol hor koeI cfrf vI nhIN hY aqy kYnyzf ies ivwc aihm BUimkf inBf irhf hY. aPLgfinsqfn ivwc ByjI geI knyzIan POj eysy kMm hI ByjI geI hY aqy hux qwk ies dy 17 knyzIan jvfn sLhId vI ho cuwky hn. hr sLihrI df PrjL bxdf hY ik dunIaF nMU kwtVvfd dy BUq qoN bcfAux vfsqy afpxf PrjL pCfxy. kwtVvfd ivruD lVfeI hr pihlU qoN lVI jfxI cfhIdI hY qF hI ies `qy kfbU pfieaf jf skygf.

          Bfrq dy purfiqn Drm gRMQF, purfxF aqy sLfsLqrF ivwc dyviqaF aqy dYqF ivckfr XuwD df vrnx imldf hY. cMzI dI vfr ivwc vI dYNqF aqy dyviqaF dy XuwD df vrnx hY. BfvyN ieh ilKqF imiQhfsk mMn leIaF jFdIaF hn pr iPr vI ieh mnuwK dy mn aqy purfqn smfj dIaF kuJ Kfs pRsiQqIaF vwl iesLfrf krdIaF hn.

          awj dIaF pRsiQqIaF ivwc ieh purfqn gQfvF pVH ky ieAuN jfpdf hY ik klpq dYNq awj dy disLhqgrF vrgy KUMKfr aqy byrihm dirMdy hoxgy ijhnF qoN mnuwK mfqr zrdy lukdy iPrdy hoxgy. Bfrq `qy 11 julfeI nMU hoieaf hmlf dYNqF df hmlf hI mMinaF jfxf cfhIdf hY ijhnF rojLI-rotI leI afpxy kMmFkfrF leI jFdy jF GrF nMU muVdy afm sLihrIaF nMU insLfnf bxfieaf hY. dYNqF nMU hrfAux vfsqy hr iensfn nMU purfiqn gQfvF vFg ‘dyvqf’ buwDI qoN kMm lYxf cfhIdf hY.

-sMpfdk

 


ajy vI iek hY Drm aqy isafsq!

 

          bIqy idnIN  sRI drbfr sfihb kMplYks dy aMdr sRI akfl qKLq sfihb dy 400 sLqfbdI smfgmF mOky hoeI huwlVbfjLI dysL ivdysL dy iswKF ivwc crcf df ivsLf bxI hoeI hY. muwK rUp ivwc hr sUJvfn ies dI suxdy sfr hI inMdf krdf hY. inMdf qF Auh vI krdy hn jo huwlVbfjLI krn vflI iksy nf iksy iDr nfl bwJy hoey hn pr krdy Epry Epry mnoN hn aqy nfl hI afpxI iDr nMU shI TihrfAux vfsqy bhfinaF dI vI kqfr lgf idMdy hn. sQfnk ryzIE pRogrfmF `qy hoeIaF itwpxIaF smyN hr koeI ies nMU afpxy afpxy rMg ivwc pysL krdf suixaF igaf hY.

          mfn smrQkF df qrk hY ik s: ismrnjIq isMG mfn nMU bolx df smF jLrUr idwqf jfxf cfhIdf sI aqy jy dy idwqf jFdf qF ajyhf Bfxf nhIN sI vfprnf. ikAuNik s: bfdl dy pRBfv hyT sLRomxI kmytI ny s: mfn nMU bolx df smF nhIN idwqf ies leI ies sfry GtnfkRm vfsqy sfrI ijLmyvfrI AuhnF dI hI hY.

          ies qrk qoN keI svfl pYdf huMdy hn. jy sRomxI kmytI aqy sRLomxI akflI dl `qy kbjLf awj s: mfn df huMdf qF kI AuhnF s: bfdl nMU bolx df smF dy dyxf sI? iblkul nhIN sI dyx, smF qF kI dyxf sI bfdl vrgy afgUaF ny aYsy smfgm ivwc jfx df hIaf qwk nhIN sI krnf. smF lYx vfsqy qkrfr krnf qF bhuq dUr dI gwl hY. kI s: mfn nMU smF nf imlx kfrn ajyhf hMgfmf krnf jfiej sI? ies df juvfb s: mfn aqy AuhnF dy smrQkF nMU dyxf cfhIdf hY.

          s: mfn nMU qF kI ies smfgm ivwc qF s: bfdl nMU vI smF nhIN sI idwqf jfxf cfhIdf ikAuNik ieh isafsI smfgm nhIN sI aqy ies dovyN hI isafsI afgU hn, Dfrimk afgU nhIN hn. pr kI krIey Drm aqy isafsq dy iewk hox df “suinhrI isDFq” hr Kyqr ivwc iswKF dy gly dI hwzI bixaF hoieaf hY.

          ikMnf ku kfrgr hY Drm aqy isafsq dy iek hox df ieh PfrmUlf ijs nMU keI lok “isDFq” dy qOr `qy pysL krdy hn. jy sfry iswKF df Drm aqy isafsq iek hn qF iPr s: bfdl aqy s: mfn df iek ikAuN nhIN hY? iehnF dovF afgUaF aqy iehnF dy smrQkF df pihrfvf dsdf hY ik iehnF df Drm iewk hY qF iPr ies “suinhrI isDFq” muqfibk isafsq iek ikAuN nhIN hY? ikAuNik isafsq nfm hI iek nf hox vflI vsqU df hY. isafsq aqy isafsqdfn smyN, QFH aqy loV muqfibk bdldy rihx vflIaF cIjLF hn. isafsq, Drm vFg koeI aYsI cIjL nhIN hY ijs ivwc lokF df ivsLvfs juiVaf hoieaf hovy aqy ijs df aDfr iksy Drm sLfsLqr, gRMQ jF iksy gurU, pIr, pYgMbr dI isiKaf `qy aDfirq hovy. isafsq qF ipE qy puwq dI vwKrI vwKrI ho skdI hY aqy keI hflqF ivwc vwKrI vyKI vI jf skdI hY.

          isafsq nMU vI iksy Kfs ilKq jF isiKaf nfl joV ky rwKy jfx dI koisLsL kIqI geI sI jo burI qrF Pyhl ho geI sI. mfrks, lYinn aqy mfE dIaF ilKqF nMU aDfr bxf ky kIqI geI isafsq pOxI ku sdI ivwc hI swB dIaF awKF sfhmxy Tih-ZyrI ho geI sI. sovIaq rUs aqy sovIaq blfk mfrks dy asUlF nMU iqafg ky KuwlI isafsq dIaF mOjF mfx rhy hn. awj mfE df cIn Auprly mnoN mfEvfdI qF aKvfeI jf irhf hY pr afriQkqf KuwlI mMzI injLfm dy hvfly kr idwqI geI hY. cIn ivwc kroVpqIaF dI hux koeI kmI nhIN hY.

          Drm aqy isafsq dy iek hox df Auh lok bhuqf rOlf pfAuNdy hn ijhnF ny ies bhfny kuJ Kwtxf huMdf hY. ijhnF leI Drm df bfxf pf ky isafsq krnI asfn ho jfvy Auh qF Drm aqy isafsq dy iek hox dIaF gwlF jLrUr krngy.  Drm df pihrfvf isafsq ivwc sPLlqf vfsqy sLfrt-kwt vI hY ijs nfl isafsI Kyqr ivwc kMm krn qoN ibnF hI DrmI hox df ZoNg rc ky lokF nMU moihaf jf skdf hY.

          awj PrFs ivwc AuWQoN dI srkfr nMU iswK ieh dws rhy hn ik dsqfr iek Dfrimk icMnH hY ijs nMU iswK srIr qoN vwK nhIN krdf ies leI iswK ividafrQIaF nMU pgVI pihn ky skUlF ivwc afAux idwqf jfvy.  kuJ dysLF ivwc zrfieivMg lsMs jF hor srkfrI kfgjLF vfsqy leI jFdI qsvIr mOky pgVI rihq qsvIr iKcvfAux qoN ienkfr ieh afK ky kIqf jFdf hY ik iswK dsqfr qoN vwK nhIN ho skdf aqy iswK vfsqy dsqfr bhuq siqkfrXog hY gurU dI amfnq hY.

          pr pMj jwQydfrF, gurU gRMQ sfihb aqy hjLfrF sMgqF dI hfjLrI ivwc pMQ dy mUhrlI kqfr dy afgUaF nMU dsqfr dI mhfnqf pqf nhIN ikvyN Buwl geI sI? ho skdf hY ik Auh afpxI dsqfr nMU qF gurU dI amfnq aqy afpxI sLfn smJdy hox pr ivroDI dI dsqfr nMU kuJ gjL kwpVy df tukVf hI smJdy hox. ijs ZMg nfl sRomxI kmytI dy pRDfn s: mwkV, s: mfn aqy horF dIaF pgVIaF AuqrIaF jF AuqfrIaF geIaF hn ies qoN pRgt huMdf hY ik ieh afgU jF AuhnF dy smrQk afpxI aVI pugfAux vfsqy dsqfrF lfh dyxf afpxf hwk hI smJdy hox.

          ikrpfn dy mfmly ivwc jd kdy ivvfd KVdf hY qF afiKaf jFdf hY ik ikRpfn iek Dfrimk icMnH hY hiQafr nhIN hY. ieh AuhI Dfrimk ikRpfn hY ijs qoN ibnF s: mfn ny lok sBf ivwc jfx qoN sfPL ienkfr kr idwqf sI qy aYm pI huMdy hoey sMsd Bvn dy bfhr dI gyVy dy ky muV afAuNdy sn. AuhnF muqfibk ikRpfn aqy Auh vI iqMn Puwt dI iek Dfrimk icMn sI ijs qoN iksy nMU koeI zr nhIN sI hoxf cfhIdf. lok sBf dy inXm ies nMU hiQafr mMndy sn `qy s: mfn ikRpfn dy nfl jfx dI afigaf nf imlx nMU ‘iswKF dI gulfmI” dI insLfnI dwisaf krdy sn. dunIaF Br dIaF eyar lfeInF dy inXm ikRpfn nMU hiQafr mMndy hn ijs kfrn ies nfl hvfeI sPLr `qy pfbMdI hY aqy iswK sLkfieq krdy hn. jd hor BfeIcfiraF dy lok skUlF ivwc iswK bwicaF kol ikrpfn vyK ky GbrfAuNdy hn qF ieh ikhf jFdf hY ik ieh qF icMnH hI hY ies df koeI zr nhIN hY. awj iehnF afgUaF ny sfbq kr idwqf hY ikRpfn AuhnF leI vI loV pYx `qy awK dy Purky nfl Drimk icMnH qoN hiQafr bx skdI hY.

          ies Gtnf qoN bafd s: mfn aqy AuhnF dy smrQkF ny ikhf hY ik AuhnF nMU ies Gtnf `qy bhuq duwK hoieaf hY. s: mfn ny qF ieh vI ikhf hY ik AuhnF ny ies Gtnf qoN bafd afp akfl qKLq `qy jf ky ardfs kIqI hY aqy muafPLI vI mMgI hY. s: mfn dy smrQkF df qrk hY ik bfdl DVy vloN pRysLfn kIqy jfx qoN bafd hI mfn dl ny ajyhf kIqf sI ies leI AuhnF nMU AuksfAux vfsqy bfdl dl ijLmyvfr hY. aqy nfl hI jd s: mfn ny muafPLI hI mMg leI hY qF mfmlf KLqm ho igaf qy iswMG sihbfn nMU mfn dl iKlfPL koeI hukmnfmf nhIN sI dyxf cfhIdf.

          mfn dlIaF qoN ies smyN ieh vI puwCxf bxdf hY ik afpxy afp ardfs krn aqy muafPLI mMgx nfl s: mfn qF imMt ivwc suurKrU mMn ley jfx pr s: surjIq isMG brnflf qF afp pMj isMG sfhmxy pysL ho gey sn qy rfgI drsLn isMG ny AuhnF nMU Qmly nfl vI bMn ilaf sI. AuhnF sjLf vI luvfeI aqy pUrI vI kIqI aqy hux sfl vI 20 bIq gey hn pr kwtVpMQI AuhnF nMU awj vI dosLI ikvyN dws rhy hn?

          jo kuJ sRI akfl qKLq dy sLqfbqI smfgmF mOky vfpiraf hY ies nfl iswKF dy aks nMU Tys puwjI hY ijs vfsqy sfrIaF sbMDq iDrF ijLmyvfr hn. s: mfn ny pqf nhIN iks mjbUrI vws lwTmfr isafsq df rsqf apxfieaf hoieaf ijs ivwc kdy Auh Kfilsqfn mMgdy hn, kdy ajLfdI ajLfdI ajLfdI df nfhrf idMdy hn aqy kdy afnMdpur sfihb dy mqy dI gwl krn lwg pYNdy hn. iehI s: mfn sMgrUr coxf smyN votF lYx dI iewCf nfl ihMdUaF dI rfKI krn dI grMtI idMdy iPrdy sn. kI s: mfn jfxdy hn ik Auh asl ivwc cfhuMdy kI hn?

          ajy kuJ ku hPLqy pihlF hI qrnqfrn sfihb ivwc gurU arjun dyv jI dI sLhIdI sLqfbqI mOky Auh akflIaF nfl styj sFJI kr ky afey hn ijwQy AuhnF afnMdpur sfihb dy mqy dI gwl qor leI sI. s: mfn dy keI ivdysLI smrQk vI s: bfdl dy sLRomxI kmytI `qy kbjLy qoN KPLf hn. s; bfdl df sLRomxI kmytI `qy kbjLf pRcwlq isfasI pRnflI kfrn hI hY aqy iksy idn ieh kbjLf iksy hor jF s: mfn df vI ho skdf hY.

          isafxp eysy gwl ivwc hY ik sLRomxI kmytI nMU iswK isafsq qoN vwk kr ky Drm asQfnF dI syvf sMBfl aqy Drm pRcfr qwk hI sImq rwiKaf jfvy. iPr kbjLf iksy df vI hovy, pRDfn koeI vI hovy  sLRomxI kmytI isafsI iKcoqfx df mYdfn nhIN bxygI. isafsq `qy Drm df kuMzf rwKx df qrk vI itMz ivwc kfnf pfeI rwKx df iek bhfnf hI hY. Drm aqy isafsq nMU iek afKxf tuwty hoey sLIsLy nMU joV ky iewk sLIsLf afKx vflI gwl hY.                                                         

–sMpfdk

 


 

dysL dI POjI smrwQf df nvInIkrn smyN dI loV

 

          kYnyzf dunIaF Br ivwc iek sLFqI psMd dysL dy qOr `qy jfixaF jFdf hY. jd kdy vI iksy aMqrrfsLtrI ivvfd ivwc ivcolgI jF rYPrI dI loV pvy qF kYnyzf df nfm mUhrlI kqfr dy dysLF ivwc huMdf hY. amrIkf aqy sovIaq XUnIan dy trfa dy dOr ivwc ijs nMU sLIq-XuD  df dOr afiKaf jFdf hY, kYnyzf iblkul vI inrpwK nhIN sI. ies dOr ivwc kYnyzf amrIkf dy nOrYz aqy nyto vrgy POjI gwTjoVF df srgrm mYNbr sI aqy awj vI hY.

          pr sLIq-XuwD dI grmI dOrfn amrIkI POjI gwTjoVF df mYNbr huMidaF hoieaF vI kYnyzf ny afpxI sPfrqI ajLfdI brkfr rwKidaF bhuq sfry aMqrrfsLtrI muwidaF `qy iewk vwKrI phuMc apxfeI rwKI sI ijs nfl dysL dI qsvIr “sLFqI-psMd” bxfeI rwKxI sMBv hoeI sI. svrgI pRDfn mMqrI sRI lystr bI pIarsn aqy sRI pIar aYlIat trUzo ny kYnyzIafn ivdysL nIqI nMU ieh idsLf dyx ivwc aihm BUimkf inBfeI sI. iswty vjoN rfsLtr sMG nMU jd kdy vI ikqy sLFqI imsLn jF sLFqI sYink Byjx dI loV peI qF kYnyzf df nfm siqkfr nfl ilaf jFdf irhf hY aqy aj vI ilaf jf irhf hY.

          amrIkf vwloN ierfk `qy kIqy gey iekqrPf POjI hmly ivwc sfbkf pRDfn mMqrI sRI XF ikRqIaF vloN ihwsydfr bnx qoN kIqy gey sfPL ienkfr nfl vI ies ‘siqkfr’ ivwc vfDf hoieaf sI. jy kYnyzf amrIkf dIaF cflF ivwc Ps jFdf qF awj ieMglYNz vFg ierfk ivwc amrIkf dy nfl hI Pisaf bYTf huMdf. jfnI nuksfn dy nfl kYnyzf dI CvI nMU vI ies nfl bhuq swt vwjxI sI. kYnyzf vloN aPLgfinsqfn ivwc muV AusfrI aqy amn bhflI dy mMqv nfl ByjI geI POj bfry vI BfvyN kuJ nukqfcInI hoxI sLurU ho geI hY pr Xfd rwKx vflI ieh gwl hY ik ies bfry koeI aMqrrfsLtrI ivvfd nhIN hY. dunIaF Br dy dysL aPLgfinsqfn ivwc siQrqf df bolbflf aqy qflbfnI kwtVqf df Kfqmf cfhuMdy hn.

          aMqrrfsLtrI msilaF ivwc kYnyzf ny dunIaF dIaF BfvnfvF nMU iDafn ivwc rwKidaF hI afpxI pfilsI GVI hY ijs df iswtf horF df ivsLvfs hfsl krn dy rUp ivwc inkilaf hY. POjI aqy afriQk qfkq dy nukqy qoN BfvyN amrIkf qy kYnyzf df koeI dUr df vI mukfblf nhIN hY pr amrIkI ivdysL nIqI horF df ivsLvfs hfsl krn dI QF sdf horF nMU zrfAux vflI rhI hY ijs df iswtf awj amrIkf nMU Bugqxf pY irhf hY. dunIaF dy bhuqy dysL amrIkf qoN zrdy hoey duaf-slfm qF krdy hn pr ivsLvfs nhIN krdy. iekwly dysL hI nhIN dunIaF Br dy afm lok vI amrIkI afgUaF `qy ivsLvfs krn vfsqy iqafr nhIN hn.

          sLFqI psMd hox dy nfl nfl kYnyzf df iksy gvFZI dysL nfl  koeI aYsf JgVf nhIN hY ijs nMU nijwTx vfsqy POjI qfkq dI loV hovy.  dysL df AuqrI iKwqf ijs nMU afritk afKdy hn `qy pRBUswqf bfry amrIkf aqy grInlYNz nfl ivvfd jLrUr hY pr ieh sPfrqI sfDnf qwk sImq hY.

          pihlI aqy dUjI sMsfr jMg mOky kYnyzf ny jrmn gwTjoV nMU hrfAux vfsqy bhuq aihm BUimkf inBfeI sI aqy kYnyzf dI POjI smrQf vI awj qoN keI guxF vwD sI. bIqy 40 ku sflF qoN lgfqfr POjI Krcy ivwc ktOqIaF df islislf jfrI irhf hY ijs nfl dysL dI POjI smrwQf qIjI dunIaF dy keI grIb dysLF qoN vI hyT af geI hY.

          keI sflF qoN hflq ieh bxI hoeI hY ik jd ikqy vI dunIaF ivwc sLfqI sYink qYnfq krn dI loV pYNdI hY qF kYnyzf nMU dUjy dysLF qoN “rfeIz” mMgxI pYNdI hY. dysL kol 1000-2000 sYink qYnfq krn vfsqy vI sfDn nhIN hn. kdy iksy kmrsLl kMpnI qoN jhfjL ikrfey `qy ley jFdy hn aqy kdy amrIkf qoN mflvfhk ghrkulIjL jF glYksI jhfjLF `qy rfeIz mMgI jFdI hY. sLFqI sYink Dur phuMcfx qoN bfad AuhnF nMU lgfqfr splfeI bhfl rwKx vfsqy vI horF sroqF `qy inrBr  rihxf pYNdf hY.  vDIaf POjI hYlIkptrF dI “axhoNd” kfrn knyzIan sLFqI sYinkF nMU bhuq vfr amrIkf aqy hor shfiek dysLF dI mdd dI loV pYNdI hY.  kMDfr dy muwK POjI iTkfxy qoN dUr durzy dy sb-iTkfixaF qwk jfx vfsqy sVkI rsiqaF nMU vrqxf pYNdf hY jo Gfq lgf ky hmly krn vfly qfilbfnF dI mfr hyT hMudy hn. jLKmIaF dI mdd vfsqy vI amrIkf nMU avfjLF mfrnIaF pYNdIaF hn. aPLgfinsqfn ivwc qYnfq amrIkI sYink ijwQy lgfqfr hvfeI CqrI dI ihPLfjLq ivwc hn qy vDIaf bKqrbMd vfhnF ivwc suafr hn AuWQy knyzIan POjI hlky POjI vfhnF dy shfry syvf inBf rhy hn.

          isrPL sLFqI-sYinkF vfsqy hI nhIN, dysL aqy ivdysL ivwc rfhq kfrjF vfsqy vI horF qoN hvfeI mdd dI loV pYNdI hY. sunfmI lihrF dI mfr aqy pfiksqfnI kbjLy vfly ksLmIr ivwc Bucfl dI mfr qoN pIVHq lokF dI mdd vfsqy rfhq tImF Byjx vfsqy vI pRfeIvyt kmrsLl hvfeI syvf hfsl krn dI loV peI sI. dysL aMdr vI jy ikqy koeI ax-suKfvIN kudrqI kropI df sfhmxf krnf pvy qF surwiKaf POjF kol mdd leI phuMcx vfsqy loVINdy sfDn nhIN hn.

          kYnyzf bhuq hI ivsLfl dysL hY aqy ies dy dovf pfsy do mhF sfgr pYNdy hn (sLFq mhFsfgr qy aMD mhFsfgr pYisPk EsLn qy atlFitk EsLn). rsLIan PYzrysLn qoN bfad rkby ivwc kYnyzf df dUjf drjf hY. eyny vwzy dysL kol jLmInI POjI smrQf dy nfl nfl nyvI aqy hvfeI smrQf df hoxf vI jLrUrI hY. kudrqI kRopIaF, vD rhy dihsLqvfd dy tfkry aqy sLFqI imsLnF dI pUrqI vfsqy afDuink POjI smrQf dI loV hY.

          koeI jLmfnf sI jd JgVy do dysLF ivckfr huMdy sn qy sLFqI sYink dovF dysLF dIaF POjF dy ivckfr ingrfn vjoN qYnfq kIqy jFdy sn. awj dy aMqrrfsLtrI ivvfdF df rUp vwKrf ho igaf hY ijwQy hiQafrbMd tkrfa df kfrn ilty, mujfhdIn, qfilbfn aqy al-kfiedf vrgIaF dihsLqgrd lihrF bx geIaF hn. ajyhIaF lihrF kol rYgulr POjF dI QF Cfpfmfr dl hn qy qopKfny dI QF afqmGfqI jhfdI hn. iehnF kflIaF qfkqF dy tfkry vfsqy nvIn POjI sfDnF dI loV hY. bYNq dy zMzy aqy dUrbIn vflIaF sLFqI sYnfvF df jLmfnf hux lwd igaf hY.

          kYnyzf srkfr ny iehnF hflfqF nMU iDafn ivwc rwKidaF dysL dIaF hiQafrbMd POjF dI smrQf df nvInIkrn sLurU kIqf hY. srkfr ny ies nvInIkrn `qy 15 ku iblIan zflr Krcx df mn bxfieaf hY. ies Krcy nfl smuMdrI POj vfsqy sport isLp, Ql sYnf vfsqy 2300 dy krIb nvyN trwk aqy hvfeI POj vfsqy mflvfk jhfjL qy hYlIkptr aqy hor sLfjLo-smfn KrIidaf jfvygf. zIPYNs minstr sRI gorzn EkOnr bIqy keI idnF qoN POj dy aDunIkrn vfsqy nvyN KricaF df aYlfn XojnfbwD ZMg nfl kr rhy hn. AuhnF nyvI vfsqy 2[9 iblIan zflr dI lfgq nfl iqMn splfeI isLp KrIdx df aYlfn kIqf hY. eysy qrF Ql sYnf vfsqy 1[2 iblIan zflr dI lfgq nfl 2300 trFsport trwk KrIdx dI gwl afKI hY. iehnF ivwcoN 300 trwk ivsLysL qOr `qy aPLfgn sLFqI imsLn vfsqy iqafr kIqy jfxgy.  aPLgfn imsLn dy nyV BivK ivwc pUrf ho jfx dy asfr bhuq Gwt hn. ies mOky rfiel 22vIN rjmYNt dy 1000 POjI aPLgfn imsLn vfsqy tRyinMg lY rhy hn ijhnF nMU 2007 ivwc aPLgfinsqfn Byijaf jfxf hY. lYPtInYNt jnrl mfrk dUmIas ny ikhf hYY ik POj nMU trwkF dI sKLq loV sI ikAuNik pihly trwk bhuq purxy ho cuwky hn.

          rwiKaf mMqrI ny hvfeI smrwQf vDfAux vfsqy 8[3 iblIan zflr dy Krcy df aYlfn kIqf hY ijs nfl tYktIkl hYlIkptr KrIdy jfxgy. ies mOky POjI loVF dy nfl nfl src aYz rYsikAU imsLnF vfsqy  awDI sdI purfxy sI-ikMg hYlIkptr vrqy jf rhy hn ijhnF nMU bhuq rIpyar dI loV pYNdI hY qy aksr mdd krn gey afp hI hfdsfgRsq ho jFdy hn. aYlfinaF igaf kuJ sfjLo-smfn dysL ivcoN aqy kuJ bfhrly sroqF qoN KrIidaf jfvygf pr srkfr ny dfavf kIqf hY ik bfhrly kMtrYktrF qoN vfadf ilaf jfvygf ik Auh zIPYNs kMtrYktF bdly kYnyzf ivwc ienvYstmYNt krngy. hfrpr skrfr ny ies aYlfnnfmy nfl afpxf iek hor cox vfadf pUrf krn vwl kdm cuwikaf hY.

-sMpfdk

 


gMn rijstrI df aMq ilbrl PjLUl KrcI dy Kfqmy vwl hfrpr srkfr df shI kdm

 

        PYzrl ilbrl srkfr df 13 ku sflF df rfjkfl PjLUl KrcIaF nfl Biraf ipaf hY. kfrgr ivroDI iDr dI axhoNd kfrn ilbrl bhuq hI avysly aqy GumMzI ho gey sn. bhuq vfr afzItr jnrl bIbI sLIlf PryjLr ny afpxIaF slfnF rportF ivwc vwK vwK ivBfgF ivwc huMdI PjLUl KrcI bfry ijLkr kIqf sI pr ilbrl srkr ny kdy ies dI bhuqI prvfh nhIN sI kIqI. afKr spFsrisLp dy nfm nfl jfxy jFdy skYNzl dy Puwtx nfl lokF ivwc guwsy dI lihr dOV geI sI ijs kfrn ilbrlF kol lokF nMU sLFq krn vfsqy kimsLn nfmjd krn qoN ibnF koeI cfrf nhIN sI bicaf.

          jsits gMmrI kimsLn dI qPLqIsL dOrfn knyzIan lok ilbrlF dy kurwpsLn dy ZMg qrIikaF bfry sux ky suMn ho gey sn. iks qrF ilbrl pfrtI dy aflfH drjy dy ahudydfr kMpnIaF qoN kYsL pRfpq krdy aqy iPr afpxy vrkrF aqy ihwsydfrF ivwc vMzdy sn ieh gMmrI kimsLn ny pRgt kr idwqf sI. lokF ny BlIBFq vyK ilaf sI ik iehnF lokF ny lokF dy DMn dI luwt pfeI hoeI sI. bhfnf BfvyN dysL dI eykqf dy muwdy nMu bxfieaf jf irhf sI pr jybF afpxIaF BrIaF jf rhIaF sn. iehI kfrn sI ik ipClIaF coxF ivwc ilbrl pfrtI nMU mUMh dI KfxI peI sI. ikbYWk ivwc qF ilrbl pfrtI df pfsf hI puwTf pY igaf sI ijs kfrn AuhnF nMU lMgVI srkfr vI nsIb nhIN sI ho skI.

          ies hPLqy spFsrisLp skYNzl dy iewk aihm dosLI nMU adflq ny kurwpsLn dy dosL ivwc sfZy iqMn  sfl dI sjLf suxfeI hY. cfrls gIqy (Cotf nfm cwk gIqy) AuWc drjy df srkfrI aPLsr sI ijs dI dyK ryK ivwc spFsrisLp pRogrfm cldf sI. 200 ku sO imlIan zflr dy ies pRogrfm ivwc iks ny kwul ikMnf ku Gplf kIqf sI ieh qF ajy qwk iewk buJfrq hI hY pr puils ny afpxI qPLqIsL qoN bfad cwk gIqy nMU 1[5 imlIan zflr dI kurwpsnL dy dosL ivwc cfrj kIqf sI aqy adflq ny ies ivwc gIqy nMU dosLI grdfn idwqf sI. sjLf sfrI sfZy iqMn sfl dI hoeI hY aqy gIqy dy vkIl ny ies nMU bhuq hI vwD sjLf dwisaf hY. gIqy qoN pihlF do horF nMU ies kurwpsLn skYNzl ivwc sjLf ho cuwkI hY.

          awj bhuq sfry lok ishq syvfvF ivwc afeI igrfvt aqy hspqflF ivwc lwgIaF vwzIaF vwzIaF lfeInF bfry sLkfieq krdy hn pr ieh Bul jFdy hn ik ieh swB kuJ PYzrl ilbrl srkfr dIaF mfrU nIqIaF kfrn hI vfpiraf sI aqy hux ies nMU hwl krn vfsqy smF lwgygf. jnfb pfl mfritn srkfrI syvfvF kuhfVy nfl CFg ky aqy tYksF ivwc bymuhfrf vfDf kr ky srkfrI qjLOrIaF Brn dy mfhr sn.  iemIgrysLn smyq srkfrI syvfvF dy qkrIbn hr Kyqr ivwc jnfb mfritn ny nvIaF “XUjLr PIsLF” lfgU kIqIaF sn aqy purxIaF PIsF ivwc vfDf kIqf sI. nfl hI lokF nMU BrmfeI rwKx vfsqy ishq syvfvF nMU sdf srkfrI Kyqr ivwc kfiem rwKx df vfadf vI kIqf jFdf sI aqy nfl hI ivroDI iDr ivwc bYTy torIaF `qy ishq syvfvF nMU KLqm krn dy kiQq mnsUby bxfAux dy dosL vI lgfieaf jFdf sI. Boly lok sLYqfn isafsdfnF dIaF gwlF ivwc aksr af hI jFdy hn qy ilbrlF df ieh qIr mfr krdf irhf hY. pr hux lok vyK rhy hn ik ilbrlF vwloN ijhnF torIaF `qy dysL nMU qbfh kr dyx df dosL lgfieaf jFdf sI  Auh ajy qwk dysL df kMm ilbrlF qoN ikqy vDIaf clf rhy hn.

          ilbrl srkfr dI PjLul KrcI dI iewk vDIaf Audfhrx “gMn rijstrI pRogrfm” hY ijs `qy srkfrI anumfnF anusfr hr sfl 2 ku ilmIan zflr Krc afAuxf sI aqy 10 sfl dy pRogrfm `qy kul 20 imlIan zflr dy Krcy df anumfn ilbrl srkfr ny idwqf sI. hux qwk ies pRogrfm `qy srkfr df iek iblIan zflr Krc af cuwkf hY qy “gMn rijtrI pRogrfm” awDf vI isry nhIN lwg sikaf. mfieaf nMU afpxy dysL ivwc lwKF, kroVF jF arbF ivwc ihsfbx dy afdI hox kfrn keI vfr bhuqy BfrqI ipCokV dy lokF nMU imlIan dI rkm dI qF smJ af jFdI hY jo ik 10 lwK huMdf hY pr iblIan nMU ikafsx vyly DoKf Kf jfeIdf hY. keI vfr iblIan zflr nMU 100 imlIan hI smJ leIdf hY ikAuNik afpxy ipCly dysL ivwc 100 lwK df iewk kroV huMdf hY. ieWQy iek iblIan zflr df mqlb hY 1000 imlIan zflr. jLrf ivcfr ky vyKo srkfr ijs pRogrfm `qy 10 sflF ivwc 20 imlIan zflr Krcx df aMdfjLf sMsd aqy lokF nMU dy rhI sI Es pRogrfm `qy 5-6 sflF ivwc 1000 imlIan zflr Krc idwqf aqy pRogrfm ajy awD qwk vI nhIN awpiVaf. ajy vI ies pRogrfm `qy slfnf 40 imlIan zflr df Krcf hor af irhf hY.

          ies qoN vwzI PjLUl KrcI hor kI ho skdI hY? jy vwzy aqy amIr vpfrI jnfb mfritn nMU kdy afpxI knyzIan stIm isLp lfeInjL kMpnI dy KricaF bfry ies df 10vF ihwsf vI twplf lwg igaf huMdf qF kMpnI kdoN dI dIvflIaf ho cuwkI huMdI. pr ieh twplf jnfb mfritn dI srdfrI hyT “gMn rijstrI pRogrfm” nMU lwigaf hY aqy lokF dI KUn psIny dI kmfeI pfxU vFg roVHI geI hY.

          “gMn rijstrI pRogrfm” dfuafrf ilbrlF ny dysL Br dIaF sfrIaF CotIaF vwzIaF gMnF dI “mrdmsLumfrI” krnI sI aqy gMn mflkF dI sfrI jfxkfrI kOmI kMipAutrF ivwc pf lYxI sI. ilbrl srkfr ies nfl dysL ivwc krfeIm nMU kfbU krnf cfhuMdI sI aqy vD irhf krfeIm lokF leI zfhzI icMqf df ivsLf sI aqy hux vI hY. ies nfl iksy vI Krcy nMU jfiejL Tihrfieaf jf skdf sI aqy AuhnF kIqf vI ieMJ hI pr iswtf kuJ nf inkilaf. vyKx sunx vfsqy qF ieh iKafl bhuq iKwc BrpUr hY ik dysL ivwc mjUd hr CotI vwzI gMn dI iewk kOmI rijstrI hovy pr ies nMU lfgU krnf asfn nhIN hY.

          gMn rijstrI nMU pUrI krn nfl vI krfeIm kfbU nhIN kIqf jf skdf ikAuNik aMkVy dsdy hn ik bhuqy krfeIm jF jurm rijtrz hiQafrF nfl nhIN huMdy Auh qF gYr kfnUMnI hiQafrF nfl huMdy hn. kYnyzf bhuq ivsLfl dysL hY aqy dysL dy sLihrI aqy pyNzU KyqrF ivwc hiQafrF aqy kfrIm dI hflq vwKo vwKrI hY. ijwQy sLihrI KyqrF ivwc gMn krfeIm dI bhuqfq hY AuWQy pyNzU KyqrF ivwc ajyhy krfeIm dI qkrIbn axhoNd hY. jd ik pyNzU KyqrF ivwc ax-rijtrz hiQafrF dI bhuqfq hY pr bhuqy ajyhy hiQafr vwzI nflI vfly jF isLkfr krn vfly hn. sLihrI KyqrF ivwc kfreIm vfsqy vrqy jfx vflIaF gMnf gYr kfnUMnI hiQafr huMdy hn qy huMdy vI psqOl jF rvflvr hn ijhnF nMU asfnI nfl mfr krn vfsqy Cupfieaf aqy trFsport kIqf jf skdf hY. krfeIm GtfAux vfsqy ilbrl srkfr dI mihMgI gMn rijstrI mfr AuWQy kr rhI sI ijwQy krfeIm koeI smwisaf hI nhIN sI. ijwQy krfeIm sI AuWQy ies df koeI lfB nhIN sI ho irhf pr Krcf loVoN vwD ho irhf sI.

          bIqy mhIny afpxI qfjLf rport ivwc afzItr jnrl bIbI sLIlf PryjLr ny afiKaf sI ik Aus dI sn 2001 dI rport qoN bfad BfvyN srkfrI ivBfg sqrk ho igaf sI pr iPr vI ies ivwc Krcy dI rporitMg sbMDI bhuq bykYdgIaF sn. ies pRogrfm vfsqy lfieaf jf irhf iekwlf kMipAUtr isstm hI 200 zflr dy Krcy qoN twp cuwkf sI aqy ajy vI pUrf kMmkfr krn dI hflq ivwc nhIN sI. rport muqibk srkfrI aPLsr slfnf Krcf CupfAux vfsqy iewk sfl df 21[8 imlIan zflr df Krcf hwd twpx dy zroN agly sfl dy Krcy ivwc rport kr rhy sn.

          dysL ivwc krfeIm kfbU krn vfsqy “Pfier afrmjL” nMU kfbU krnf bhuq jLrUrI hY pr AuhnF hiQafrF nMU ijhVy krfeIm vfsqy vrqy jFdy hn, hr kbUqr jF bwqKF mfrn vflI dunflI nMU ignx vfsqy zflr roVHn df koeI lfB nhIN hY. dysL ivwc gYr kfnUMnI hiQafrF df dfKlf rokx vfsqy hor sKLqI dI loV hY aqy dysL aMdr kfnMUnI qOr `qy vycy jFdy hiQafrF df vhI-Kfqf rwKxf vI bhuq jLrUrI hY.

          hfrpr srkfr ny ies hPLqy ies mhihMgy ilbrl “gMn kMtrol pRogrfm” nMU bMd krn vfsqy ibl pysL kIqf hY jo ik ilbrl PjLUl KrcI dy Kfqmy leI cuikaf igaf iewk shI kdm hY.

-sMpfdk

hux qwk KLbrnfmf dI vYWb sfeIt nUM pfTk vyK cuwky hn

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