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ਅਖ਼ਬਾਰ ਪੜ੍ਹਨ ਲਈ ਪੰਜਾਬੀ  ਫਾਂਟ ਇੱਥੋਂ ਡਾਊਂਨਲੋਡ ਕਰ

 

 

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sUPI sMq bfbf PrId dI crn Coh pRfpq PrIdkot ihr aqy iesdf ieiqhfs
lyKk hrnyk isMG igwl (905) 458-9759
(kMipAUtrIkrx -vkIl isMG klyr)
ieiqhfskfrF dy mwq anusfr pMjfb dy jwt kbIly mwD eyIaf qoN eys Kyqr ivwc afey. kuwJ ieiqhfskfr iehnF df sbMD rfijsQfn aqy jYslmyr nfl joVdy hn. jYsl BwtI ny jYslmyr ngr vsfieaf. jYsl BwtI dy cfr puwqrF `coN hYmhyl bVf XoDf sI. Ausny ihsfr qy kbjf krky AuQy bVf mjbUq iklf kfiem kIqf aqy eys Kyqr ivwc rfj df ivsQfr kIqf. Aus dI mOq ipwCoN Ausdf puwqr jYdrQ AuWqr aiDkfrI bixaf. jYdrQ dy puwqr btyrfE qoN iswDU-brfV Kfndfn dI urUafq huMdI hY. btyrfE qoN mMgl rfE aqy awgoN Ausdf puwqr afnMdrfE aqy iPr Ausdy puwqr KIvfrfE df nfm afAuNdf hY. KIvfrfE dy Gr iswDUrfE pYdf hoieaf. iswDUrfE dI dsvIN pIVHI `coN brfVrfE bVf XoDf sI. mflvy dIaF iswK irafsqF pitaflf, nfBf, jINd aqy PrIdkot, brfV Kfndfn nfl sbMD rKdIaF hn. brfV dy Cy puwqrF `coN duwlUrfE dI aOlfd pitaflf, nfBf aqy jINd vfly hn.
brfVrfE qoN duwlUrfE aqy awgoN nOvIN pIVHI `coN sMGr bVf nfmvr XoDf hoieaf hY. sMGr dy do pqnIaF `coN 14 puwqr sn ienHF coN Bwlx bVf sUrbIr aqy isrkwZ XoDf sI. Bwlx ny apxI cODr pMjgrfeIN kfiem kIqI. bIdovfl aqy biTMzf vI brfV Kfndfn dIaF cODrF sn. cODrI Bwlx dy apxy koeI puwqr nhIN sI. ies leI Ausny apxy BfeI lfly dy puwqr kpUry nUM muwqbMnf bxfieaf. kpUry df jnm 1628 eIsvI nUM ipMz isrIey vfly hoieaf sI. cODrI Bwlx 1643 eIsvI nUM cVHfeI kr igaf. AusdI mOq ipwCoN cODrI kpUrf AuWqr aiDkfrI bixaf. cODrI kpUry ny gurU arjx dyv jI dy syvk BfeI bihlo BfeI Bgqy dy kihx qy 1661 eIsvI ivwc nvF ngr kot kpUrf vsfieaf. cODrI kpUrf gurU goibMd isMG df pwkf rDflU sI aqy AuhnF qoN aimRq Ck ky kpUr isMG bx igaf. cODrI kpUry nUM eIsy KF mMJ ny 1708 eI[ ivwc DoKy nfl Kfxy dI dfvq qy kql kr idwqf. cODrI kpUr isMG dy iqMn byty sn. suKIaf isMG, muKIaf isMG aqy symf isMG. ienHf ny lMbI lVfeI ipwCoN eIsy KF nUM mfr idwqf. suKIaf isMG AuWqr aiDkfrI bixaf. 1732 eI[ ivwc suKIaf isMG dI mOq ho geI. AusdI mOq AuprMq Ausdy puwqrF ivwc cODr leI JgVf urU ho igaf. dl Kflsf dy afgUaF, nvfb kpUr isMG, jwsf isMG afhlUvflIaf aqy JMzf isMG BMgI ny smJOqf krf idwqf. joD isMG kot kpUrf, hmIr isMG PrIdkot aqy bIr isMG mfVI musqPf dy afgU Qfpy gey. joD isMG, kot kpUry kol 1767 eI[ ivwc, rfjf amr isMG pitaflf nfl iewk lVfeI vwc mfiraf igaf. kot kpUry nvIN dfxf mMzI kol AunHF dI smfD bxI hoeI hY. joD isMG dy puwqr tyk isMG ny ipqf df bdlf lYx Kfqr pitaflf nfl lMbI lVfeI lVI. tyk isMG nuM AUsdy puwqr jgq isMG ny 1806 eI[ ivwc kql kr idwqf. jgq isMG ipwCoN ieh pIVHI Kqm ho geI. bIr isMG dy vI koeI aOlfd nhIN sI. ijvyN ik pihlF dwisaf jf cuwkf hY ik hmIr isMG PrIdkot df aiDkfrI bx igaf sI. Pirdkot vI BwtI Kfndfn dy rfj aiDkfr ivwc sI. pihlF ijkr kr cuwky hF ik jYdrQ dy iewk byty btyrfE qoN iswDU-brfV Kfndfn dI urUafq huMdI hY aqy dUjy byty acwl qoN rfey mMJ Kfndfn arMB huMdf hY. rfey mMJ dI nOvIN pIVHI `coN mohkl rfey sI ijsny mohkl-hr ngr vsfky rfj krnf afrMB kIqf. mohkl-hr ngr ivwc ikly dI AusfrI ho rhI sI jd bfbf PrId jI ajmyr rIP dI ijafrq krky vfps pfkptn jf rhy sn. bfbf jI ies ngr ivwc ivrfm krn leI ruky qF aihlkfrF ny vgfr dy qOr qy AuhnF nUM AusfrI ivwc lf ilaf. jd hfkm nUM rwbI rjf ivwc lIn phuMcy hoey PkIr bfbq pqf lwgf qF AunHf ny bfbf PrId jI qoN Buwl bKfeI aqy iKmf jfcnf vwjoN mohkl-hr df nfm bdlky ngr df nfm PrIdkot rwK idwqf. rfey mohkl dIaF aglIaF pIVHIaF ny ieslfm Dfrn kr ilaf aqy PrIdkot dy AuWqr pUrb vwl hTUr, jgrfEN aqy iblfspur vwl ieslfmI nfvF hyT rfj kIqf. eIsy KF mMJ vI jYsl BwtI dy dy Kfndfn ivwcoN hI sI. PrIdkot dy mOjUdf hukmrfn aqy rfey mohkl AuproN iewko Kfndfn nfl sbMD rKdy hn. aMdfjy muqfbk ieh bfbf PrId jI nfl juVI Gtnf 12vIN jF 13vIN sdIdy arMB dI hY.
PrIdkot dy hfkm hmIr isMG dI mOq 1782 ivwc ho geI sI. Ausdf puwqr mohr isMG vfrs Qfipaf igaf. mohr isMG 1782 eI[ nUM kfl vws ho igaf. Aus qoN ipwCoN Ausdf bytf cVHq isMG rfjf bixaf. cVHq isMG nUM Ausdy cfcy dl isMG ny kql kr idwqf. Ausy sfl 1804 eI[ ivwc dl isMG vI cVHq isMG dy sfly POjU isMG vwloN mfiraf igaf. PojU isMG ny apxy nfbflg Bfxjy gulfb isMG nUM rfjf Qfp idwqf aqy afp vjIr bx igaf. 1806 eI[ ivwc mhfrfjf rxjIq isMG dy jrnYl mohkm cMd ny PrIdkot qy hmlf kr idwqf aqy rfjf gulfb isMG qoN 7000 rupey hrjfnf lYky vfips clf igaf. 26 sqMbr 1808 eI[ nUM mhfrfjf rxjIq isMG ny dubfrf PrIdkot qy hmlf krky, sfrI irafsq qy kbjf kr ilaf aqy gulfb isMG horF dy gujfry leI isrP pMj ipMz Cwz idwqy. PrIdkot, kotkpUrf, mukqsr aqy muwdkI afid qy rxjIq isMG df aiDkfr ho igaf. AuDr PUlkIaF imsl dy srdfr rxjIq isMG Kqry nUM muwK rwK ky ibRit srkfr dI rx cly gey aqy aMgryjF qoN apxIaF irafsqF dI jfmnI mMgI. ibRit srkfr ny rxjIq isMG qy dbfa bxfky AusnUM 1809 dI aimRqsr dI sMDI vfsqy mjbUr kIqf. so 3 apRYl 1809 nUM aimRqsr dI sMDI hoeI. dohF rfjF ivwc diraf sqluj nUM hwd mMn ilaf igaf. ies qrF rxjIq isMG df sqluj dy pUrb vwl vDxf Kqm ho igaf. aimRqsr dI sMDI muqfibk PrIdkot dI irafsq, vfips gulfb isMG nUM iml geI. nvMbr 1826 ivwc rfjf gulfb isMG df kql ho igaf. wk Ausdy BfeI sfhb isMG qy sI. agly sfl Ausdf pMj sfl df puwqr, aqr isMG Byd BrI hflq ivwc mr igaf. ies qrF 1827 eI[ nUM gulfb isMG df BfeI phfVf isMG rfa aiDkfrI Qfipaf igaf.
rfjf phfVf isMG: 1827 eI[ nUM phfVf isMG PrIdkot df rfjf bixaf. irafsq df asl moਢ੍ਹੀ phfVf isMG nUM hI mMinaf jFdf hY. phfVf isMG ny apxI vPfdfrI vwjoN 1839 eI[ dy aYNglo-aPgn XuD ivwc aMgryj hkUmq dI zt ky mdd kIqI. 27 jUn 1839 nUM mhfrfjf rxjIq isMG dI mOq ho geI. mhfrfjf rxjIq isMG dI mOq qoN bfad koeI Xog AuWqr aiDkfrI nf irhf. aMgryjF dI kUtnIqI aqy rfj drbfrIaF sfijF duafrf aYNglo iswK lVfeIaF ivwc aMgryjF ny sPlqf pRfpq kIqI. phfVf isMG ny aMgryjF dI mdd ikqI. ies vPfdfrI vwjoN phfVf isMG nUM kot kpUrf smyq sfry Kuwsy hoey ielfky vfips iml gey. phfVf isMG dy aihd ivwc styt dI rYvinAU afmdn dugnI ho geI. phfVf isMG dI mwudkI vflI pqnI dy dovyN byty anoK isMG aqy dIp isMG 1845 eI[ nUM hI kflvs ho gey sn. mfrc 1849 eI[ ivwc aMgryjF ny pMjfb nUM ibRit rfj ivwc fiml kr ilaf sI. apRYl 1849 nUM phfVf isMG dI mOq ho geI. Aus qoN ipwCoN Ausdf bytf vjIr isMG 1849 ivwc rfjf bixaf. vjIr isMG smuMd isMG DflIvfl, dInf, df dohqf sI.
vjIr isMG: rfjf vjIr isMG ny 1849 qoN 1874 eI[ qwk PrIdkot qy 25 ku sfl rfj kIqf. rfjf vjIr isMG Dfrimk rucIaF df DfrnI sI. rfjf vjIr isMG ny vI apxy bfp vFg ibRit srkfr dI vPfdfrI inBfeI. 1857 dy gdr vyly aMgryj hkUmq dI mwdd kIqI. ies dy ievjfny vwjoN 1862 eI[ nUM PrIdkot styt nUM muqbwnF bnfAux df kfnUMnI aiDkfr iml igaf. 22 apRYl 1874 eI[ nUM vjIr isMG qIrQ Xfqrf qoN vfips afAuNdf Qfnysr kurUkyqr ivKy cVHfeI kr igaf. ijwQy AunHF dI smfD bxI hoeI hY. PrIdkot styt vwloN 1948 qwk AuWQy Dfrimk rDf sihq lMgr cldf irhf hY. AunHF dI mOq AuprMq AuhnF df bytf ibkrm isMG, 1874 ivwc, rfj df vfirs bixaf.
rfjf ibkrm isMG: rfjf ibkrm isMG 1842 eI[ nUM vjIr isMG dy Gr pYdf hoieaf. 32 sfl dI Aumr ivwc rfj aiDkfrI bixaf. rfjf ibkrm isMG dy aihd ivwc styt ny hr Kyqr ivwc irkfrz qoV qrwkI kIqI. rfjf ibkrm isMG sUJvfn, qflIm XfPqf aqy Xog AuWqr aiDkfrI sI. ibkrm isMG ny ArdU aqy aMgryjI dI iswiKaf girHx kIqI. irafsq ivwc skUlI pVHfeI urU kIqI. 1882 ivwc bxI pMjfb XunIvristI dI ivqI shfieqf kIqI geI. Kflsf kflj aimRqsr dy inrmfx ivwc Xogdfn pfieaf igaf. 1884 ivwc styt ivwc rylvy isstm cflU hoieaf. PrIdkot, kot kpUrf dy dy vwzy vwzy ihrF nfl juVy. vpfr ivwc vfDf hoieaf. 1885 ivwc srhMd knfl dI abohr brFc duafrf styt ivwc sMcfeI isstm urU hoieaf. KyqI dI pYdfrvfr ivwc irkfrz qoV vfDf hoieaf. iswty vwjoN styt dI rYvinAU afmdn ivwc bhuq vfDf hoieaf. nffiej rfb bMd krky PrIdkot ivKy izsitlrI cflU hoeI ijs nfl styt nUM bVf vwzf ivqI lfB hoieaf. nihrI sMjfeI isstm nfl KyqI pYdfvfr ivwc irkfrz qoV vfDf hoieaf. ies dy iswty vwjoN rfjf ibkrm isMG ny kot kpUrf aqy PrIdkot ivKy anfj mMzIaf df inrmfx krfieaf. anfj dI KrIdo-ProKq vfsqy bfhrly vpfrI pwky qOr qy kot kpUrf aqy PrIdkot vs gey. 1887 eI[ ivwc ibRit pRbMD hyT zfk itktF aqy zfk ivBfg styt ivwc cflU hoieaf. POj dI nPrI dugxI hoeI aqy rYgUlr pulIs pRbMD sucfrU ZMg nfl cflU hoieaf. styt ny vpfr, KyqI pYdfvfr, rfb AudXog, BUmI mflIaf aqy hor bhuq sfry sfDnf rfhIN rYvinAU afmdn 90,000 rupey sflfnf qwk kr leI. qvfrIK gurU Kflsf anusfr Kfny ivwc iewk kroV rupey mf ho gey sn.
Dfrimk Kyqr: smyN aqy hflfq dI nfkq nUM smJdy hoey rfjf ibkrm isMG ny Dfrimk kfrjF vwl ivy iDafn idwqf. rfjf ibkrm isMG dI apfr rDf krky, pRiswD ivdvfnF dI krVI imhnq duafrf iewk lwK rupey Krc krky 21 sflF ivwc gurU grMQ sfihb df tIkf krvfieaf. jo ieiqhfisk dsqfvyj dy qOr qy awj qwk vI PrIdkot vflf tIkf krky ivy rDf df pRqIk hY. pwcI hfr rupey KRc krky aimRqsr, drrbfr sfhb ivKy ibjlI iPwt krfeI. 75000 rupey drbfr sfhb, aimRqsr, dy lMgr hfl dy inrmfx qy Krc kIqy. gurU Kfndfn nfl sbMDq soZIaF nUM jfgIrF idwqIaf geIaF. agsq 8, 1898 nUM rfjf ibkrm isMG ies PfnI sMsfr mMc qoN kUc kr igaf. ies dI QF iehnF df bytf blbIr isMG rfj df vfirs bixaf.
rfjf blbIr isMG: blbIr isMG 30 agsq, 1869 eI[ nUM pYdf hoieaf. rfjf blbIr isMG ny isrp 8 sfl hI rfj kIqf. iesdy apxy koeI puwqr nhIN sI. iesny apxy BqIjy bRijMdr isMG nUM muqbMnf bxfieaf. iesdf BfeI kMvr gijMdr isMG 1900 eI[ nUM hI kflvs ho igaf sI. rfjf blbIr isMG 15 PrvrI, 1906 nUM pUrf ho igaf. ies dy kfrjkfl ivwc, ibRits sfmrfj dI pRiswD rfxI ivktorIaf, 1901 ivwc kflvs ho geI sI. so AusdI Xfd nUM smrpwq 1902 eI[ nUM PrIdkot ivKy ivktorIaf klfk tfvr sQfpq kIqf igaf. jo awj vI klfqimk pwKoN aqy ivrfsqI Drohr vjoN, PrIdkot ihr dI fn hY. 1901 ivwc PrIdkot dy imzl skUl nUM awp-gRyz krky hfeI skUl bxf idwqf igaf. rfjf blbIr isMG ny mhfrfjf kpUrQlf df sPrnfmf pVHky aqy mhfrfxI kpUrQlf dI zferI qoN pRBfvq hoky, PrIdkot ivKy lfiebRyrI aqy ipRMitMg prYWs dI sQfpnf kIqI. bfad ivwc lfiebRyrI bRijMdrf kflj ivwc qbdIl kr idwqI geI. ivkfs kfrjF ivwc rfj mihl df inrmfx ikr Xog hY.
rfjf brijMdr isMG: bRijMdr isMG 26 akqUbr, 1896 nUM kMvr gijMdr isMG dy Gr pYdf hoieaf sI. Auh rfjf blbIr isMG df muqbMnf puwqr sI. bRijMdr isMG 10 sfl dI Aumr ivwc rfj aiDkfrI bixaf. styt df kfrjkfl kimnr, jlMDr izvIn vwloN clfieaf jfx lwgf. aqy styt dy sucwjy rfj pRbMD leI kFAUslr afP rIjYNsI sQfpq kIqI geI. kFAUslr dy mYNbr srdfr bhfdr rsfldfr pRqfp isMG, srdfr nrYx isMG, abdl gPUr KF, srdfr idafl isMG mfn aqy rfey bhfdr gMgf shfey, vwK vwK smyN qy pulIitkl eyjYNt aDIn kfrj krn lwgy. pRbMDkI kFAUNsl dI smuwcI agvfeI aqy kfrIlqf styt ivwc vwzy pwDr qy ivkfs kfrjF df inrmfx hoieaf.
mfzl Pfrm df inrmfx 1910 ivwc, anfj gwlf BMzfr 1911 nUM, lyzI zfny rfxI sUrj kOr jnfnf hspqfl, 1912 eI[ ivwc qfmIr krfieaf igaf. bRijMdr hfeI skUl aqy borizMg hfAUs dIaF iemfrqF 1913 ivwc bxIaF. iesy qrF mfzl ivlyj kot kpUrf aqy pulIs styn df inrmfx eysy smyN ivwc mukMml hoieaf.
1911 eI nUM bRijMdr isMG dI fdI vwzy pwDr qy sYlIbryt hoeI. nvMbr 1916 eI[ ivwc bRijMdr isMG dI qfjpoI hoeI aqy bRijMdr isMG ny rfj aiDkfrI vwjoN apxf kfrj kfl afrMB kIqf. pr bdiksmqI nfl rfjf bRijMdr isMG kyvl 22 sfl dI Aumr ivwc, 22 dsMbr, 1918 nUM ienPLUaYNjf nfl kfl vs ho igaf. bRijMdr isMG aYc[sI aYn[cIPj kflj lfhOr df piVHaf hoieaf sI.
rfjf hrieMdr isMG: hrieMdr isMG 29 jnvrI, 1915 nUM pYdf hoieaf sI. apxy ipqf bRijMdr isMG vFg kyvl cfr sfl dI Aumr ivwc hI rfj df vfirs bixaf. rfj pRbMD leI 15 dy lwg Bwg kFAUsl hI rfj-kf ivwc kfrjIl rhI. gvrinMg kFAUsl dy mYNbr ies qrF sn:
1[ s[ ieMdr isMG, vrsfl pRYjIzYNt.
2[ s[ Piqh isMG mfn, pbilk vrks aYNz imltrI.
3[ s[ krqfr isMG, hom.
4[ Kfn sfihb yK alI muhMmd, juzIIal mYNbr.
5[ rfey sfhb lflf iewq rfey, rYvinAU.
nvMbr 1921 qoN styt poiltIkl eyjMt tU d gvrnr jnrl pMjfb styt dI iswDI ingrfnI hyT pRbMD clfAuNdI rhI. kfAUNsl ny gurU grMQ sfihb dy tIky dI dUjI aYzIn 75000 rupey ivwc Cpvfky skUlF aqy gurduafiraF nUM vMizaf. styt bYNk nUm iqMn lwK dI pUMjI adf kIqI geI.
Bvn AusfrI aqy inaF kfrj: hrieMdr hspqfl dI iemfrq, cIP mYzIkl dI koTI, lyzI zfktr dI koTI, inAU jylH, ikly ivwc gurduafry dI AusfrI, srkfrI Drmflf df inrmfx aqy sYktrIeyt dI AusfrI Aupr 9,98,000 rupey Krc kIqy gey.
1933 ivwc rfjf hrieMdr isMG ny apxy ivafh dI KuI ivwc apxI pqnI dy nfm qy 1888 eI[ qoN bixaf prfiemrI skUl PrIdkot nUM rfxI nirMdr kOr grl hfeI skUl bxf idwqf. 1934 eI[ nUM rfjf hrieMdr isMG dI qfjpoI hoeI. ies KuI ivwc kot kpUrf dy imzl skUl nUM kMvr mnjIq ieMdr isMG dy nfm qy hfeI skUl bxf idwqf igaf. dUr durfzy dy ividafrQIaF dI shUlq leI borizMg hfAUs df inrmfx vI kr idwqf igaf. kuwJ smyN ipwCoN kot kpUrf ivKy rfxI sUrj kOr grl hfeI skUl cflU kr idwqf igaf. dUr durfzy dIaF lVkIaF vfsqy borizMg hfeI skUl vI bxf idwqf igaf.
brijMdr hfeI skUl PrIdkot nUM 1942 ivwc ieMtrmIzIeyt kflj bxf idwqf igaf. ijsnUM do sfl bfad izgrI kflj ivwc qbdIl kr idwqf igaf. bRijMdrf kflj ivwc aYP[aYs[sI[aYgrIklcr klfs vI cflU kr idwqI geI. ijs dI sQfnk ividafriQaF nUM bI[aYs[sI[ aYgrIklcr dI izgrI prfpq krn ivwc vwzI shUlq imlI. 1945 ivwc pMjfb XunIvristI lfhOr nUM spYl bynqI krky PrIdkot ivKy bI[tI[klfs, bRijMdrf kflj ivKy urU ikqI geI. ies qoN pihlF ieh tryinMg klfs, ipOr qoN idwlI qwk isrP lfhOr hI cldI sI. iesy qrF prfiemrI aqy vrnYkUlr tIcr dI iswiKaf vfsqy jy[vI[ / jy[ tI[ aqy aYWs[ vI[tIcr tryinMg klfsF cflU krfeIaF geIaF. PrIdkot qoN ibnf pMjfb dy hor ielfikaF qoN vI tIcr tryinMg leI vwzI pwDr qy lok PrIdkot afAuNdy sn. PrIdkot ivKy afrt krfPt tIcr tryinMg df vI pRbMD sI.
16 agsq 1946 nUM mhfrfjf PrIdkot vwloN rfE brfV hfeI skUl mwqf cflU kr idwqf igaf. lwg-Bwg eysy smyN irafsq dy vwzy ipMzF ivwc, ijnHF `coN brgfVI, gonyafxf, Bgqf BfeI, pMj grfeIN klF, vFdr jtfxf, Kfrf, jMz sfihb aqy goly vflf ivKy hfeI skUl cflU hoey. hrI nON, mOV, yr isMG vflf aqy cMd bfjf ivKy loar imzl aqy imzl skUl cflU sn. pRbMDkI qOr qy sKq ingrfnI hyT skUlI ividaf idwqI jf rhI sI. 15 agsq 1947 nUM dy dI ajfdI vyly styt ivwc 13 hfeI skUl do kfljF smyq bI[tI[klfs aqy hr pwDr dy tIcr tryinMg kors bVy sucwjy ZMg duafrf clfey jf rhy sn. KyzF dy Kyqr ivwc styt ny apxy vjUd muqfibk bVIaF mwlF mfrIaf. PrIdkot ny kOmI pwDr aqy EilaMipk lYvl dy hfkI iKzfrI pYdf kIqy aqy kot kpUrf ny kOmI pwDr qwk dy bfskt bfl iKzfrI pYdf kIqy.
ijvyN ik brqfnvI rfj aDIn sfrIaF irafsqF dy rfjy birit rfj dI vPfdfrI vwjoN apxIaF srdfrIaF kfiem rwK rhy sn. iesy ipCokV ivwc PrIdkot vwloN dohF sMsfr jMgF ivwc POjI nPrI aqy PMzF df Xogdfn pfieaf igaf. rfjf hrieMdr isMG ny dUjf sMsfr jMg ijwqx dI KuI ivwc aqy KyzF nUM Auqfh dyx Kfqr PrIdkot ivKy ivtrI styzIam df inrmfx krvfieaf. 14 mfrc 1931 nUM pihlI bolx vflI iPlm aflm-afrf bMbeI ivwc irlI hoeI. ies qoN pRBfvq hoky rfjf hrieMdr isMG ny lokF dy mnorMjn leI PrIdkot ivKy srkfrI Krcy qy jublI isnymf 1935 ivwc qfmIr krvfieaf. iesy qrF kilafxkfrI kfrjF ihwq PrIdkot ivKy XqIm bwicaF leI AuhnF dI sFB-sMBfl aqy isiKwaf XqIm-Kfny dI iemfrq iqafr krvfeI geI.
birit rfj pRbMD aDIn ijwQy bhuigxqI rfjy mhfrfjy aqy injfm apxI aY pRsqI ivwc msrUP sn, AuQy ieh CotI ijhI irafsq dy hfkm iensfP-psMd, prjf-pflk, ivkfs kfrjF nUM smrpwq aqy Drm inrpwKqf dy mudeI sn. sfry DrmF dy mMdrF msIqF aqy gurUduafiraF dy inrmfx leI styt ny ivqI shfieqf srkfrI Kjfny `coN kIqI. iswiKaf dy Kyqr ivwc bVf ivkfs hoieaf. sfry ipMzF ivwc pRfiemrI skUl aqy vwzy ipMzF jF ksibaF ivwc imzl jF hfeI skUl bVy sPl pRbMD aDIn cwl rhy sn. smuwcI irafsq ivwc 13 hfeI skUl, iqMn kflj aqy tIcr tryinMg sYNtr bfKUbI cwl rhy sn. PrIdkot aqy kot kpUrf ivKy ishq shUlqF leI hspqflF df vDIaf pRbMD sI. 643 vrg mIl ivwc PYlI CotI ijhI irafsq ny hr Kyqr ivwc qrwkI dIaF isKrF CohIaF. rfjf ibkrm isMG aqy rfjf hrieMdr isMG df kfrjkfl ivkfs pwKoN irafsq df sunYhrI kfl ikhf jf skdf hY. Bfrq dy smuwcy irafsqI injfm ivwcPrIdkot irafsq iewk afdrvfdI aqy nmUny dy rfj vwjoN ivy QF rKdI sI. 15 agsq 1947 nUM dy ajfd ho igaf pr 1947 dy dy dy bdiksmq btvfry vyly srhwd dy dohIN pfsIN 10 lwK by-doy lok mfry gey. jd ik irafsq dI Drm inr-pwK soc kfrn mOky dy, rfjf hrieMdr isMG ny iewk vI iensfnI iMdgI df nuksfn nhIN hox idwqf. sfry muslmfn BfeIcfry suwKI-sFdIN apxI puils aqy POj dI ingrfnI hyT srhwd pfr krfky pfiksqfn phuMcfa idwqf.
15 julfeI 1948 nUM Bfrq srkfr dI nvIN nIqI anusfr PrIdkot irafsq vI pUrbI pMjfb dIaF bfkI irafsqF smyq nvyN bxy sUby pYpsU ivwc fiml kr leI geI. PrIdkot iewk qihsIl vwjoN biTMzf ijlHf df ihwsf bx geI. iehnF awT irafsqF dy sMG nvyN rfj pYpsU dI rfjDfnI pitaflf bxfeI geI. ivkfs pwKoN PrIdkot ivwc KVoq af geI aqy pitafly df bhuq ivkfs hoieaf.
1 nvMbr 1956 nUM pYpsU rfj Kqm krky pMjfb ivwc fiml kr ilaf igaf. mfrc 1972 ivwc igafnI Yl isMG pMjfb df muwK mMqrI bixaf. 8 agsq 1972 nUM PrIdkot pMjfb df 12vF ijlHf bxf idwqf igaf. ivkfs pwKoN PrIdkot dI iPr nuhfr bdlI. PrIdkot ivKy mYzIkl kflj sQfpq hoieaf. pYpsU roz trFsport kfrporyn df nvF izwpU cflU hoieaf. bRijMdr kflj ivKy styt vwloN aYP[aYs[sI[ aYgrIklcr klfs cldI sI, bI[aYs[sI izgrI qwk kr idwqI geI. hor bhuq sfry KyqrF ivwc PrIdkot df ivkfs hoieaf.
22 akqUbr 1937 nUM pYdf hoey, rfjf hrieMdr dy iekloqy byty itwkf hrmoihMdr isMG 10 akqUbr 1983 nUM clfxf kr gey. bdiksmqI nfl Auh fdI-udf vI nhIN sn. suqMqrqf aMdoln smyN igafnI Yl isMG, jo rfjf hrieMdr isMG dy kihr aqy qwdd df ikfr rhy sn, Aus smyN Bfrq dy rftrpqI sn. rftrpqI dI hYsIaq ivwc igafnI Yl isMG, sMkt dI ies GVI, bdiksmq rfjf hrieMdr isMG nfl iekloqy byty dy ivgocy smyN duwK sFJf krn leI aqy rDFjlI dyx leI ok sBf ivwc, PrIdkot phuMcy. keI vfrI iensfnI kdrF kImqF df sumyl mnuwKI hmdrdI ivwc smyN df kOVf swc ho inwbVdf hY. aYpr PrIdkot irafsq df hrmn ipafrf afKrI rfjf hrieMdr isMG Gor inrff ivwc 16 akqUbr 1989 nUM ies PfnI sMsfr nUM afKrI alivdf kih igaf. apxy aMqly smyN rfjf hrieMdr isMG ny apxI jfiedfd sbMDI mihrfvfl KIvf jI trst bxf idwqf sI. apxI bytI dIpieMdr kOr jo brdvfn styt dy sfbkf rfjf afP brdvfn, sdf cMd mihqfb nUM ivafhI hoeI hY, nUM trst dI muKI Qfp idwqf. trst vwloN afm lokF dI BlfeI Kfqr iewk hspqfl clfieaf jf irhf hY aqy hor lok BlfeI dy kfrj kIqy jf rhy hn.
nvMbr 1995 hrcrn isMG brfV ny apxy muwK mMqrI kfrj-kfl smyN PrIdkot ijlHy nUM iqMn ijilHaF, PrIdkot, mukqsr aqy mogy ivwc vMz idwqf. pr ijlHy dy vjUd nUM kfiem rKx Kfqr PrIdkot ivKy bfb PrId hYlQ XUnIvristI sQfpq kr idwqI geI ijs nfl pMjfb dy sfry mYzIkl kflj aqy hor sbMDq tryinMg sMsQfvF joV idwqIaF geIaF. bfb PrId jI dI Xfd nUM smrpq igafnI Yl isMG ny apxy muwK mMqrI kfrj kfl smyN PrIdkot nUM AuhnF dy jnm Auqsv nUM rDf siqkfr sihq mnfx Kfqr iqMn idnF myly df aXojn kIqf jo hr sfl 23 sqMbr nUM srkfrI pwDr qy mnfieaf jFdf hY.
kuwl imlfky BfrqI irafsqI infm ivwc PrIdkot irafsq, lok BlfeI nUM smrpwq iewk nmUny df rfj sI. PrIdkot dy rfjy prjf pflk vwjoN sdf leI lokF dI rDf aqy siqkfr dy pfqr bxy rihxgy. iksy aigafq fier dIaF iehnF sqrF ivwc iknI scfeI hY:
bwgf vihVkf rMgIn pMjflI, GuMgrU iProjpur dy, qfbI,
irafsq PrIdkot dI bVI afhbI
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