www.khabarnama.com  {Punjabi Newspaper Khabarnama Toronto} email: editor@khabarnama.com 


 

ਅਖ਼ਬਾਰ ਪੜ੍ਹਨ ਲਈ ਪੰਜਾਬੀ  ਫਾਂਟ ਇੱਥੋਂ ਡਾਊਂਨਲੋਡ ਕਰ

 

 

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rYPrYNzm vIh sO vIh jF cfr sO……?

          votF dy bhuq vwzy Prk nfl ijqf ky srdfr ismrnjIq isMG mfn nUM bhuq vwzf afgU bxf idwqf igaf sI. pr Auh koeI vwzI agvfeI dy nF sikaf. iswK AumMgF nUM spwsLt rUp ivwc pysL krn dI QF Auh afey idn koeI nF koeI aYsf kfrnfmf krdf ijs nfl kuwJ spwsLt hox dI bjfie BMblBUsf hor vwD jFdf. lok socx lwg pey ik  isWKF df nvF sijaf byqfj bfdsLfh afKrkfr cfhuMdf kI hY? srdfr mfn dy rMg brMgy ibafnF kfrn pYdf hoeI BMblBUsy vfly siQqI qy ivaMg kridaF zf: gurnfm isMG qIr ny afpxy hPqfvfrI kflm ivwc iliKaf ik asI srkfr koloN kI cfhuMdy hF ies df qF sfnUM vI pqf nhI. ies kMm leI srkfr nUM cfhIdf hY ik Auh iewk joqsLI ibTfky pqf kry ik asI kI cfhuMdy hF aqy Auho joqsLI sfnUM vI dws dyvy ik asI kI cfhuMdy hF. isWK AumMgF bfry iswK lIzrisLwp hmysLF hI aspwsLt rhI hY. kdI iswK homlYNz dy supny, kdy vwD aiDkfrF vfly sUby dI mMg, kdy afnMdpur df mqf, kdy Kfilsqfn afid. iksy vI mMg pRqI pRqIbwDqf Gwt pr mMg df nfhrf lf ky rfjsI qfkq hfisl krn dI lflsf vwD rhI hY. iesy krky isrdfr kpUr isMG ny ikhf sI ik iswK lIzr kihMdy kuwJ hor hn pr kihxf kuWJ hor cfhuMdy hn. kihxf kuwJ hor aqy socxf kuwJ hor df vrqfrf ruikaf nhI sgo ajy vI inrMqr jfrI hY. ivdysLI iswKF df ies vrqfry nfl bhuqf vfh 1984 dIaF duwKdfeI GtnfvF qoN bfad ipaf. iswKF sfhmxy keI tIcy rwKy gey. tIcy rwKx vfly afpo afpxy tIcy sr krky jF qF gwzIEN AuWqr gey, jF CVwpf mfrky iksy hor bMbUkft qy cVH gey jF iPr pMQk gwzI df stIairMg afpxI loV aqy mrjLI anusfr mnBfAuNdI idsLf vwl moVI jFdy rhy. keI jQybMdI aijhf kridaF rUp vtf geIaF aqy keI alop ho geIaF ijnHF dI QF lYx leI nvIaF jQybMdIaF nvy nkor ilsLkdy nfhry lY ky mYdfn ivwc af geIaF aqy afeI jf rhIaF hn. ienHF ivwcoN iewk hY isKs Pfr jsits. ivdysLF ivclI ies jQybMdI dy BfrqI aMg df  iewk pIr (afgU) hY srdfr krnYl isMG pIrmuhMmd jo ipClI Aumry vI stUzYNt jQybMdI df Bfr cuwkI iPrdf hY. isKs Pfr jsits ny 1984 dy pIiVqF vfsqy sfl 2007 ivwc iensfP df ibgl vjfieaf. kfnUMn anusfr iensfP lYx leI muihMm akfl qKq qoN sLurU kIqI. dysL ivdysL dy isWKF vwloN BrpUr sihXog imilaf. kuwJ vrHy cMgI Bwl bxI rhI. jd jjLbfqI BfP jLrf ku TMzI hox lwgI qF isKs Pfr jsits dy krqf Drqf vkIl pMnU ny mdfrI vFg JurlU Pyrky aMqrrfsLtrI kfnUMn anusfr iensfP lYx df iewk hor ZMg pysL krky sB nUM ckf cOND kr idwqf. ies ZMg dI  vrqoN kridaF BfrqI afgUaF AuWpr amrIkf dIaF adflqF ivwc DVf DV kys drjL krvf idwqy. " Cwizaf koeI nF sfD qy sMq mIaF", anusfr prDfn mMqrI mnmohn isMG AuWwpr vI kys Tokqf. isWKF nUM cfa cV igaf. Boly socx lwgy ik afh qfrIkf sfnUM pihlF ikAuN nF aOiVaf. ieh sfry kys dIvfnI sn, POjdfrI nhI. isKs Pfr jsits nfloN pMnU sfihb dI mihmf hor vwD geI. pr kysF df koeI Tos kfnUMnI afDfr nF hox kfrn jF kuWJ qknIkI kfrnF krky bhuqy kys  ryq dI kMD vFg Zih ho gey. sLfied kuwJ afpIlF jLrIey ajy vI ijMdf hn pr kys krn vflf jvfr Bftf hux AucfeIaF Cohx qoN bfad sLFq hY igaf. iPr ies jjLbfqI jvfr Bfty nuM brkrfr rwKx leI iensfP dy eyjMzy nUM sihj nfl hI rbV vFg iKwcky iensfP aqy KudmuKiqafrI df eyjMzf bxf ky jstis aYNz sovirMtI kfnPrMsF df islislf sLurU kr ilaf aqyy iensfP vflI lihr nUM nvI idsLf vwl qor ilaf. gwl qF BfvyN, "cfly Qy hir imlx ko, bIcY atikE cIq" vflI hoeI pr jjLbfq dy Bwjy jFdy GoVy qy svfr pMQ ny ikhVf kuWJ puWCxf. jy koeI puwCy Auh srkfr df eyjMt. svfl puwCx vfilaF nfl isKs Pfr jsits dy vkIl vwloN qurq Purq aYsf iensfP krn lwigaF iJjk Gwt hI ivKfeI jFdI sI. jd bjuLrg iswK buWDIjIvI zf: avqfr isMG syKoN (mcfkI) vkIl pMnU dy Dwky cVH igaf qF pMnU sfihb ny Ausqy vI srkfrI eyjMt hox df Twpf jVidaF jLrf iZwl nF kIqI. iswKF leI iensfP dI lihr clfAux vfilaF vwloN nfmI buWDIjIvIaF nfl kIqf jf irhf aYsf vqIrf vyK ky  myry ijLhn ivwc mhfrfjf rxjIq isMG qoN bfad PYlI bursLfgrdI dy idRsL, " gwdI vfilaF nUM ijhVy mfr lYNdy, hor khu iksdy pfxIhfr mIaF", GuMm gey. iswKF dI iewk musLikl hY ik ieh nfhiraF qoN Aukqf bhuq jldI jFdy hn aqy QoVyy icr bfad hI koeI nvF progrfm ,nvF nfhrf, nvF morcf afid Bfldy hn. aYsf hI kuWJ jstis aYNz sovirMtI  kfnPrMsF nfl hoieaf. ijs kfrn isKs Pfr jsits nUM iewk hor nfhrf GVn dI axsrdI loV ny af Gyiraf. nfhrf GVn vflI Ausqfd tksfl ny hux iswKF dI nslkusLI nUM prvfn krvfAux df prXojn awgy ilaf Diraf. isKs Pfr jsits vwloN iswKF dI nslkusLI prvfn krvfAUx dy aYlfn nfl lihr ivwc iewk vfr iPr qfjLgI af geI. iswK ptIsLnF sfeIn krn ivwc ruWJ gey. pr iksy nUM bhuqf aihsfs nhI hoieaf ik ieh jQybMdI iensfP vfly ijs kfrj nUM lY ky cwlI sI AusdI QF awj kr kI rhI hY. nslkusLI prvfn krvfAux dy vwzy kfrj nUM QoVHf Dwkf AudoN lwgf jd Bfrq dy girh mMqrI ny afp hI kih idwqf ik 1984 ivwc jo kuwJ hoieaf Auh nslkusLI sI. ies qoN vI keI vrHy pihlF pMjfb pulIs dIaF kfrvfeIaF nUM vI BfrqI suprIm kort nslkusLI vrgIaF kfrvfeIaF grdfn cuwkI hY. CyqI kIqy koeI vI mulk nslkusLI vrgy dfg nUM mMnx leI rfjLI nhI huMdf . BfrqI isstm vwloN afpy hI ies nUM nslkusLI kih dyxf sMkyq idMdf hY ik BfrqI isstm hux iswKF nfl kuWJ smJOqy vflI smJ bxfky awgy vDx df iewCk hY. Xfd rhy armInIan lokF dI sO vrHf pihlF hoeI nslkusLI  nUM qurkI dI srkfr awj vI mMnx nUM iqafr nhI. jy koeI hor dysL aYsf afKy qF qurkI dI srkfr aOK mhisUs krdI hY. huxy ijhy pop vwloN aYsf kihx qy qurkI lohf lfKf hoieaf iPrdf hY. hflFik hux armInIan lokF df afpxf dysL vI hY. isKs Pfr jsits vwloN nslkusLI dI ijs pRIBfsLf nUM afDfr bxfky Bfrq nUM nslkusLI df dosLI grdfnx leI XU aYn E kol guhfr lfeI jf rhI hY Aus anusfr Bfrq dosLI sfibq hoey jF nF hoey pr iswK inrMkfrIaF dI nslkusLI dy dosLI sfibq jLrUr ho jfxgy. BfeI suKdyv isMG bwbr vwloN 35 inrMkfrIaF dy kqlF dI ijMmyyvfrI lYx dI Gtnf keI lokF Xfd hI hoeygI. jQydfr rxjIq isMG dI sjLf mfPI aqy Aus vwloN mirafdf leI isr lYx aqy dyx dy DVwlydfr ibafn inrMkfrI BfeIcfry nUM sOiKaF hI nslkusLI dy isLkfr sfibq kr skdy hn. ies bfry iswKf dy 'vkIl' df torFto dy ryzIE qy pRqIkrm sI ik Auh vI krvf lYx. KYr, BfrqI girh mMqrI vwloN Auh sB kuwJ afp hI mMn ilaf jo isKs Pfr jsits ny keI viraF dI imhnq nfl prfpq krn df prXojn AulIkiaf sI. ies nUM TUTy ivwc vwjI lwq qF nhI ikhf jf skdf pr nslkusLI vfly muwdy df aYny QoVy ijhy smy ivwc hI muwkx iknfry phuMcx vflI gwl ny muwdy dI aihmIaq Gtf idwqI. ijs kfrn iksy hor hMzxsfr muwdy dI  POrI loV pYdf af peI. ies acfnk peI loV ivwcoN aOiVaf rYPrYNzm 2020 df Purnf. clo, hux ies muwdy nfl Gwto Gwt pMj sfl qF sOKy lMG jfxgy. hux ies nfl sMbMiDq QF pur QF Zyr sfrIaF srgrmIaF kIqy jfx df rfh KuwlHf rhygf. iswK smJxgy ik hux afjLfdI kyvl kuwJ vrHy hI dUr rih geI hY. iswK rYPrYNzm dI sfieMs nUM kI smJxgy, ijhVy ajy kYlMzr dy cwkrivAU coN hI bfhr inwklx df koeI rsqf nhI lwB pf rhy. pr iswKF dI qswlI leI iswKs Pfr jsits jd pUry jlfl ivwc af ky ikAUbk, skftlYNz, suzfn afid ivwc hoey rYPrYNzmjL df ijLkr krdf hY qF suxn vflf iewk vfr qF sihj nfl hI kih AuWTdf hY ik afpF nUM ieh kMm pihlF hI ivwZ lYxf cfhIdf sI. "iknHF kuMdrF ivwc PsfiekY jI, lfh suwty qUM sfzy Gfx mfeI", df vrqfrf iswK XfdfsLq ivwc bhuqf icr nhI itikaf rihMdf. ies leI nfhrf lwgidaF sfr Jwt hI, "qyrI Kfiqr lVFgy ho toty,Bfvy KUh GwqI Bfvy Kfq mfeI", dy aYlfn kr mfrdy hn. hkIkq prgt hox qy sLfh muhMmd vrigaF dy aMdroN hUk inwkldI hY, " isMGF kfhilaF nUM ipwCoN hosL afeI, kyhf jLihr dy cVI  hY sfx mfeI". rYPrYNzm rfhI rfj lYx dy supny, Auh vI Bfrq ivwc, aYsy byquky supny qF sLyK iclI vI nF lvy. Bfrq nF qF kYnyzf hY aqy nF XU ky, ijnF rYPrYNzm ho lYx idwqy. mno ieh dysL vI kYnyzf aqy XU ky dy toty huMidaF nhI sn vyKxf cfhuMdy. Bfrq vfly dysL qoVn vfilaF nUM AuNj hI BMz dyxgy. pMjfb kol rYPrYNzm vfsqy Auh sMivDfnk afDfr nhI hY jo ik ikAUbYk aqy skftlYNz kol hY. rYPrYNzm qF ksLmIr ivwc nhI ho sikaf. ijhVI XU aYn E Bfrq nUM ksLmIr ivwc rYPrYNzm leI mjLbUr nhI kr skI Auh pMjfb dy kys ivwc kI kr skygI, smJxf aOKf nhIN. ies qoN awgy, kI ikAUbYk jF skftlYNz dy rYPrYNNzm isry cVH gey? ikAUbYk ivwc do vfr (1980 aqy 1995) rYPrYNzm PylH ho igaf. iesy qrF hI skftlYNz ivwc rYPrYNzm kfmXfb nhI hoieaf. isKs Pfr jsits dy kwcGrV isDFqkfr (asl ivwc ies jQybMdI kol isDFqkfr hY hI koeI nhI) rYPrYNzm rfhIN mfhfrfjf rxjIq isMG vflf rfj vfips lYx dI supnsfjLI isrj ky " guwz PIl" krn vflf mfhOl pYdf krI bYTy hn. mhfrfjf rxjIq isMG dy rfj df bhuqf ihwsf qF pfiksqfn rih igaf. sqluj dy pUrb vfly pfsy df pMjfb qF Aus rfj df ihwsf hI nhI sI. ies ielfky dIaF irafsqF qF 1947 qoN bfad qwk kfiem rhIaF. mhfrfjf pitaflf afpxI irafsq Bfrq ivwc imlfAux vflf pihlf dysI rfjf sI jo irafsq Cwzky  PrFs ivwc Bfrq df rfjdUq jf lwigaf. hux ies ielfky ivwc rYPrYNzm df kfnMUnI afDfr kI rih igaf? ies qoN awgy imsfl idwqI jFdI hY suzfn dy 2011 vfly rYPrYNzm dI. ijwQy ik dwKxI suzfn nF df dysL rYPrYNzm jLrIey hoNd ivwc af igaf. jy pMjfb dUsrf zfrPr (suzfn) hI bxnf hY qF iPr AuwQy rYPrYNzm dI loV hI nhI rhygI. rYPrYNzm bgYr hI sB kuwJ qih (jF qbfh) ho jfeygf. Xfd rwKx vflI gwl hY ik BfrqI rfj dy hflfq, dysL tuwtdf dyK ky rYPrYNzm dI QF pMjfb ivwc suzfn vrgy hflfqF nUM qrjLIh dyxgy. ijs ivwc, " dohF iDrF dy rulxgy bhuq murdy" vflI hoxI nUM koeI rok nhI skygf. afjLfdI leI rYPrYNzm iksy smy (1861) ivwc amrIkf dy sUby tYksfs, tYnysI aqy vrjInIaf ivwc vI hoieaf sI. pr iesdf PYslf jMg dy mYdfn ivwc amrIkn isivl vfr ivwc hoieaf sI nF ik rYPrYNzm dIaF votF nfl. Bfrq dy rfjnIqk hflfq amrIkf dy AudoN vfly hflfqF nfloN bhuqy ibhqr nhI. kihx df Bfv ik aKIr ivwc, " sLsLqrn ky afDIn hY rfj" vflI gwl hI shI hY nF ik  " rYPrYNzm ky afDIn hY rfj". ies leI jy koeI ies vihm ivwc hoey ik rYPrYNzm dI koeI igwdV prcI iksy mulk dy tukVy krky , inaFeI vfly Kyq dI rijstrI krvfAux vFg rfj Bfg iksy dy nFvy kr dyvygI, qF ieh iKaflI KIr qoN vwD kuwJ vI nhIN. ijs sMXukq rfsLtr  nUM rYPrYNzm leI bynqIaF kIqIaF jf rhIaF hn Auh iewk sLkqIhIx sMsQf hY. ijs dI (ku)vrqoN qkVy dysL kmjLorF nUM afpxI mrjLI anusfr clfAux leI krdy af rhy hn. sMXukq rfsLtr kol koeI vI aYsI klf nhI hY ijs nUM mroV ky Auh iksy iKwqy ivwc rYPrYNzm krvf mfry. PlsqIn df svfl sB dy sfhmxy hY. sB kuwJ huMidaF hoieaF sMXukq rfsLtr AunHF df dysL GV skx df kfrj nypry nhI cfVH sikaf. amrIkf nUM eIrfk Auwpr hmlf krn qoN hoV nhI sikaf. Bfrq aqy pfiksqfn koloN prmfxU sMDI qy dsqKq nhI krvf sikaf. aYsI sMsQf iswKF df rYPrYNzm ikhVy jLor nfl krvf dAU. so, rYPrYNzm rfhI rfj lYx vflI gwl qF isrdfr kpUr isMG dy kihx anusfr Auh idn zuwbf jd GoVI ciVaf kuwbf  vflI hY. asl gwl, rfj lYx leI joLr lfAux dI nhI hY. imilaf rfj sMBflx leI Xogqf pYdf krn dI hY. mulkF dI bxqr sdf iewko ijhI nhI rihMdI. Bfrq awj vrgf mulk pihlF kdy vI nhI sI aqy ieh kihxf aOKf hY ik ies srUp ivwc kd qwk rhygf. so, mulk nUM qoVn leI joLr lgfAux dI bjfie aYsf lok ihqYsLI mjLbUq rfjnIqk sMgTn isrjx dI jLrUrq hY jo hux dy smy ivwc vI aqy afAux vfly iksy nfKusLgvfr smy ivwc vI ies iKwqy dy lokF dI rfjnIqk agvfeI krn Xog hoey. ijs mhfrfjf rxjIq isMG df rfj rYPrYNzm jLrIey vfips lYx dy supny ley jf rhy hn , Aus bfry ieh vI Xfd rwKx vflI gwl hY ik 40 sfl purfxf Auh rfj iswK srdfrF dI afXogqf kfrn mhfrfjy dI mOq qoN bfad kyvl Cy sflf ivwc hI qihs nihs ho igaf sI. rfj hI qbfh nhI hoieaf  , " isMGF mfr srdfrF df nfs kIqf, swBy kql hoey vfro vfr mIaF" anusfr sfry iewk dUsry nUM mfr ky afp vI mry . zogiraF nUM dosL dyx dI QF iDafn Aus afXogqf aqy bursLfgrd ibrqIaF vwl jfxf cfhIdf sI ijs kfrn sB kuwJ vyKidaF vyKidaF hI Pnfh ho igaF. jd hflfq, " kyhf buriCaF afx aMDyr pfieaf, jyhVf gwdI bhy Ausy nUM mfr lYNdy" vrgy bx gey qF nF srdfr bcy nF zogry. srdfrF vfly pfisEN bicaf dlIp isMG aqy zogiraF pfisEN bicaf kyvl gulfb isMG. bylugfm hoeI Kflsf POj dI dihsLq kfrn isqMbr 1845 qwk Kflsf rfj dy hflfq aYsy bx gey sn ik koeI ies rfj df prDfn mMqrI bxn nUM iqafr nhI sI. kMm clfAux leI pMj mYNbrI prDfngI mMzl bxfAuxf ipaf sI. so, rfj prfpq krn nfloN sFBx dI Xogqf pYdf krnf hor vI aihm hY. nhIN qF afXog prbMD kfrn rfj suK aqy surwiKaf dI QF qbfhI vfly hflfq vI pYdf kr idaf krdy hn. rfj leI nslkusLI dy afDfr qy rYPrYNzm df hwk ijqfAuxf koeI Tos afDfr nhIN rwKdf. iswKF dI hflq nF qF suzfnI lokF vrgI hY, nF XhUdI lokF vrgI aqy nF hI armInIan lokF vrgI mfVI hY. iswK awj vI mulk dy vwzy ahuidaF qy ibrfjmfn hn, jLmInF, vpfr, kfrobfrF aqy kfrKfinaF dy mflk hn. KyzF, POj, pVHfeI, klf, iPlmF koeI aYsf Kyqr nhI ijs ivwc isWKF dI qUqI nF boldI hoey. Dfrimk Kyqr ivwc ivcrdIaF siqkfr kmytIaF grIb lokF dI DOVI ibnF iksy kfnUMn dy KOP qoN lfhI jf rhIaF hn. ijnF Dfrimk iPrikaF nfl iswKF df jLrf krUrf nhI rldf AunF dy GrF aMdr huMdy smfgm vI bMd krvfAux leI iswK jQybMdIaF vwloN hwly bol idwqy jFdy hn. kihx df Bfv ik iswK rfj dIaF BivwKI Gwt igxqIaF df nwk c dm krn ivwc huxy hI koeI ksr bfkI nhI hY. ieh hflfq AudoN hn jd isWK gulfm hn. jd afjLfd ho gey iPr ienHF Gwt igxqIaF df kI hsLr hoeygf? iswK Bfrq aMdr iriPAUjLI kYMpF ivwc nhIN bYTy. hor qF hor kYnyzf vrgy mulkF dI njLr ivwc vI Bfrq hux pnfhgIr pYdf krn vflf mulk nhI hY. Aultf kYnyzf ny do iswK jQybMdIaF, bwbr Kflsf aqy ieMtr nYsLnl iswK XUQ PYzrysLn nUM dihsLqgrd grdfn ky pfbMdI lfeI hoeI hY. aYsy hflfqF ivwc rYPrYNzm dI mMg nUM bfhrly mulk, "ieh sB rwj ky Kfx dIaF msqIaF ny" qoN vwD kI smJxgy. ies qoN vI awgy svfl hY ik rfj lY ky krnf kI hY? sB leI KusLhflI, cMgf prbMD, cMgIaF shUlqF, afjLfdI nfl ivcrx dI KulH afid ? Bfv ik aYsf rfj," ijQy sB afjLfdI hoey, mUl nF koeI muQfjLI hoey". aYsy afdrsL rfj vrgf  jy sfrf nhI qF 80-90% rfj qF coxF rfhI hux vI sQfipq kIqf jf skdf hY. jy lokF nUM koeI XkIn duaf sky qF lok aYsIaF iDrF nUM vot pfAux nUM iqafr ho skdy hn. srdfr ismrnjIq isMG mfn jylH ivwc bYTf qF pOxy pMj lwK votF lY ky ijwqdf hY pr bfhr afAux qy sfrf jLor lfAux qy vI jLmfnqF jLbq krvf irhf hY. ikAuN? ikAuNik lokF df ivsLvfsL ijwqx qoN asmrwQ hY. jy prOPYsr afP isiKjLm (sfbkf) isrdfr gurqyj isMG dI mMnIey qF srdfr mfn KfilsqfnI  Zuwz mfrky bfkI sB nUM  pMQk isafsq dy ipV ivwcoN bfhr krky ibprvfdI qfkqF vfsqy do dhfikaF qoN rfjsI qfkq mfnx df rfh pwDrf krn df kMm kr irhf hY. pMQk isafsq dy eyky nUM vfr vfr ibKyrn leI vI mfn KfilsqfnI zFg dI rwjLvIN vrqoN kr irhf hY. rYPrYNzm 2020 vfly vI kOm df smF, sLkqI aqy srmfieaf Ausy qrF jLfieaf kr rhy hn ijs qrF mfn do dhfikaF qoN krdf af irhf hY. ieh vI iewk BulyKf pfAU prXojn hYY. ies leI ies nUM rYPrYNzm 2020 afiKaf jfey jF rYNPrYNzm cfr sO……?

hjLfrf isMG.

imsIsfgf, kYnyzf.

(905)795-3428

 


mslf kYlMzr df -hjLfrf isMG

          nfnksLfhI kYlMzr df mslf asl ivwc kuwJ vI nhIN hY. pr AulJ jfx kfrn vwzf phfV bixaf ipaf hY. nfnksLfhI kYlMzr dy bfnI ivdvfn srdfr pfl  isMG puryvfl dy XqnF sdkf hux kYlMzr ivigafnIaF dI qF Brmfr hoeI peI hY pr kYlMzr dI PfhI gloN lwQx dI QF sfh lYxf vI aOKf kIqf hoieaf. brKfsqgI dy kfrn qF hor vI hoxgy pr jQydfr nMdgV dy smwrQk nMdgV dI brKfsqgI df kfrn kYlMzr dI kIqI hmfieq dws ky jQydfr nUM nfnksLfhI kYlMzr Kfiqr kurbfnI krn krn vflf XoDf afK rhy hn. muwkdI gwl, kYlMzr df mslf iewk vfr iPr ies qrHF AuWBiraf hY ijvy ik ies qoN gMBIr koeI hor  muwdf hoey hI nF. iswK jgq vfsqy nF sulJx vflI ies mfmUlI aVfAuxI dy kuwJ pwK ies qrHF hn:

 

(1) ipCokV aqy loV!

          iswK afpxy bhuqy purb dysI mhIinaF anusfr hI mnfANdy sn .ies kfrn ienHF dIaF qfrIKF bdldIaF rihMdIaF sn. dysI mhIinaF muqfbk cwlx kfrn guru goibMd isMG jI df jnm idn kdy qF aMgRyjLI kYlMzr anusfr sfl ivwc do vfr af jFdf aqy kdy iewk vfr vI nF afAuNdf. afm isWKF nUM qfrIKF df ieh BMblBusf cMgf nF lgdf. ies asuivDf kfrn dysL ivdysL dy iswKF dI Bfvnf sI ik sfl ivwc mnfey jfx vfly ienHF purbF dIaF qfrIKF iewk vfr pwkIaF leIaF jfx. ies qrHF qfrIKF mukwrr kr ley jfx nfl sfry sMsfr ivwc isWKF dy idhfVy mnfAux sMbMDI qfrIKF df BMblBUsf sdf vfsqy Kqm ho jfxf sI. sMsfr Br dy iswK aYsf krnf locdy sn. jd 1994 dy afs pfs  aYzimMtn  vfsI sR; puryvfl ny aYsf Auprflf krn df bIVf cuwikaf qF sB ny jI afieaF ikhf. qfrIKF vfly msly dy hwl leI ieqhfskfrF, buWDIjIvIaF dI kmytI bxI ijnHF ieiqhfsk dsqfvyjL KMgfl ky dysI mhIinaF dIaF qfrIKF anusfr aMgryjLI qfrIKF lwBIaF ijs ivwc sR: puryvfl ny  afpxI  kYlMzr ivigafn dI muhfrq df BrpUr Xogdfn pfieaf. pr kYlMzr df pRojYkt aihm isWK idnF dIaF qfrIKF nIXq krn qwk sIimq nF rih ky gurbfxI df ruwqF anusfr qflmyl ibTfAux aqy vwKry kYlMzr rfhI vwKrI hsqI dy inrmfx qwk vDf ilaf igaf. ijs dI pUrqI leI sR: puryvfl ny Gflxf Gfl ky nvy cyq ,vYsfK GVy. ies qrHF kuwJ idnF dIaF qfrIKF pwkIaF krn vflf pRojYkt iewk nvyN kYlMzr GVn vflf vwzf pRojYkt  bx igaf. ijs vfsqy keI mIitMgF aqy sYmInfr krny pey. puryvfl sfihb nUM kYnyzf qoN Bfrq dy keI gyVy lfAuxy pey. keI virHaF dI imhnq dy bfad kYlMzr bx igaf aqy 2003 ivwc sLomxI kmytI vwloN lfgU kr idwqf igaf. ies nUM mUl nfnksLfhI kYlMzr vjoN jfixaf jFdf hY.

 

(2) kI sI 2003 vflf kYlMzr?  

          mUl nfnksLfhI kYlMzr  anusfr bhuqy isWK  idnF dI qfrIKF qF pwkIaF kr idwqIaF sn pr idvflI, gurUu nfnk dy jnm idn aqy holy muhwly dIaF qfrIKF pwkIaF nhI sn kIqIaF geIaF. ikAuNik kYlMzr kmytI anusfr swiBafcfrk aqy ieiqhfsk mhwqv kfrn ienHF idnF nUM pihiF vFg hI rwKxf Xog sI. kihx df Bfv ik ieh 3 idn qF purfxy ZMg nfl eI hr sfl bdldIaF qfrIKF nUM mnfAuxy mMn ley pr bfkI idhfVy aMgryjLI kYlMzr muqfbk hr sfl pwkIaF qfrIKF nUM mnfAux df PYslf krky iewk imlgoBf kYlMzr  pRvfn kr ilaf. bws kuWJ  kwcf aqy kuwJ pwkf hoxf hI musIbq bx igaf.

          3 idnF dIaF qfrIKF bdldIaF hox kfrn hr sfl hI koeI nF ivvfd KVHf hox lwg ipaf. kdy qF iewk do idnF dy mnfAux nUM awgy ipwCy krky kMm clfieaf aqy kdy kYlMzr ivwc kuwJ soDF krky. pr ies bfry afm sihmqI kdy vI nF bxI. ies dOrfn rih gey 3 idnF dIaF qfrIKF pwkIaF krn df jyrf vI nF kIqf igaf. hYrfnI dI gwl sI ik nfnk dy nF qy GVy kYlMzr ivwc gurU nfnk df jnm idn vI purfxI rIq muqfbk hI rihx idwqf igaf. ies kYlMzr ivwc rvfieqI cyq, vYsfK nfloN vwKry cyq vYsfK vI GVy gey. nfnksLfhI sfl 1 cyq (14 mfrc) qoN sLurU ho ky 30 Pwgx (13 mfrc) pury 365 idnF df bxf idwqf igaf. aMgryjLI kYlMzr vFg hI lIp df sfl 366 idnF df imQ ilaf igaf. ies qrHF qfrIKF pwkIaF krn lwigaF pMjfb dy swiBafcfr ivwc do qrHF dy dysI mhIny prcilq ho gey. iewk rvfieqI cyq, vYsfK aqy dUsrf nfnksLfhI vflf. ijs kfrn sMgrFdF df nvF BMblBUsf pYdf ho igaf. kihx nUM qF iswKI ivwc sMgrFdF afid dI koeI QF nhI pr nfnksLfhI kYlMzr ivwc vI sMgrFd, pUrnmfsLI aqy mwisaf dIaF qfrIKF vI bkfiedf sLfiml kIqIaF geIaF. BfvyN ies imlgoBf kYlMzr ny qfrIKF  pwkIaF krn vflf mslf vI pUrI  qrHF hwl nhI sI kIqf, iPr vI keI iswK hlky ies kYlMzr nUM vwKrI iswK hsqI dy prqIk vjoN dyK ky KusL sn. ies kYlMzr rfhI Auh gurbfxI aqy mOsmF dy qflmyl ivwc pYdf hox vfly sMBfvI ivgfV dy qOKly df mslf hwl hoieaf smJky iewk suKd aihsfs vI mihsUs kr rhy sn. aYsy swjx 14 mfrc (1 cyq) nUM iswKF df nvF sfl AuqsLfh nfl mnfAux dIaF afpIlF krdy sn. pr ieh iksy ny vI spwsLt nhI kIqf ik iswKF vfsqy aihmIaq 14 mfrc dI hY jF 1 cyq dI. nvy sfl df gurUu nfnk jF iswK ieqhfs dI iksy vwzI Gtnf nfl vI koeI sMbMD nF joiVaf igaf.

 

(3) gurbfxI aqy ruwqF dy joV ivcly ivgfV df qOKlf:

          puryvfl sfihb kYlMzr dy mfihr sn. ijnHF df muwK kMm ibkrmI kYlMzr dIaF qfrIKF muqfbk eIsvI kYlMzr dIaF qfrIKF lwBxf hoxf cfhIdf sI pr AunHF iewk nvF qOKlf prcilq kr idwqf ik ijs qrHF ibkrmI kYlMzr dIaF qfrIKF bdl rhIaF hn Aus kfrn koeI 13 hjLfr sflF bfad poh df mhInf grmIaf ivwc aqy hfV df mhInf srdIaF ivwc afAUx lwg peygf. ijs kfrn gurbfxI ivwc ruwqF dy afey ijLkr glq ho jfxgy. gurbfxI qF poh dy TMZy aqy hfV mhIny dy qpx dI gwl krygI pr asl ivwc poh grm hoeygf aqy hfV TMZf. ies leI gurbfxI df ruwqF nfl qflmyl bxfeI rwKx leI bfrF mfhf aMdr afey mhIinaF dI lMbfeI nIXq krky iewk nvF kYlMzr GVnf peygf ( kOx kihMdf iswK dUr aMdysL nhIN hn!). puryvfl sfihb jI dy ies qOKly kfrn bhuqy isWK Dur aMdr qwk ihwl gey. ijnHF ivwc zf: drsLn isMG cMzIgV aqy zf: blvMq isMG iZwloN vrgy XUnvristIaF dy pRoPYsr iswK ivdvfn vI sLfiml sn. hux  sB nUM qfrIKF pwkIaF krn vflI smwisaf qF Buwl geI pr gurbfxI dy JUTy pY jfx df zr sqfAux lwg ipaf. ies zr dI qIbrqf ajy qwk GtI nhI. 16 jnvrI, 2015 nUM jQydfr nMdgV iesy zr dy prBfv hyT kih irhf sI ik jy nfnksLfhI kYlMzr lfgU nhI krdy qF gurbfxI JUTI ho jfeygI aqy jy gurbfxI JUTI ho geI qF sfzy pwly kI rih igaf. afpxI jfcy nMdgV sfihb gurbfxI nUM JUTI pYx qoN bcfAux dy Xqn kr rhy hn. pr gurbfxI dy JUTy pY jfx dy zr qoN kfiel lok ieh nhI smJdy ik ies qrk muqfbk qF iPr afstrylIaf aqy inAUjLIlYNz ivwc gurbfxI pihlF hI JUTI pY cuwkI hY. ikAuNik  AuWQy nF qF poh mhIny TMZ pYNdI hY aqy nF hI hfV mhIny grmI. iesy qrHF dwKxI Bfrq ivwc poh TMZf nhI huMdf aqy ihmfcl ivwc hfV nhI qpdf.  iesy qrHF kwqy nUM bIjfeIaF aqy vYsfK nUM vfZIaF dI dlIl idwqI jFdI hY. ieh vI TIk nhI, ikAuNik kYnyzf ivwc bIjfeIaF vYsfK jyT aqy vfZIaF awsU kwqy huMdIaF hn ies leI kYnyzf dy ielfky ivwc vI gurbfxI JUTI pY jFdI hY.hux iewQy ikhVf  kYlMzr vriqaf jfey? kI gurbfxI iewk Kfs ielfky leI hY? asl ivwc ieh inrmUl qOKlf gurbfxI dy vzyry swc nUM afpxI sIimq smJ dy myc df bxfAux kfrn pYdf hoieaf. ijsdf mUl kfrn kYlMzr dy mfihr nUM gurbfxI df vI mfihr mMn ley jfx dI kIqI geI AukfeI sI. ieh jLrUrI nhI ik hspqfl dI vDIaf iemfrq bxfAux vflf iemfrqsfjL mfihr  zfktr  vI hoey. puryvfl sfihb kYlMzr dy igafqf sn nF ik gurimq dy. so, gurbfxI nUM ruwqF ansfr TIk rwKx dy glq nukqy ny nvF kYlMzr GVn dI loV pYdf kr idwqI. ijs dI koeI jLrUrq hY hI nhI sI. ikAuNik gurbfxI df swc srv ivafpI hY ies nUM iewk iKwqy qwk sIimq krky dyKxf jF smJxf nfdfnI hY. pr puryvfl sfihb vwloN ies qOKly nUM loVoN vwD qUl idwqy jfx kfrn cMgy Bly buwDIjIvI  vI ies zr dy isLkfr ho gey aqy ajy vI ies BYa dy prBfv qoN mukq nhI ho rhy.

 

(4) iswKF dI vwKrI pCfx aqy kYlMzr!

          iswKF df iewk vrg ies kYlMzr nUM isWKF dI vwKrI pCfx df prqIk smJky ies nUM "hm ihMdU nhIN" df afKrI aYlfn jfxdf hY. AunF vfsqy qfrIKF dy Jmyly qoN mukq hoxf aYnf aihm nhI ijMnf iswKF df ihMdUaF nfloN nfVUaf kwty jfx dy Xqn krnf. AunHF leI ieh jLrUrI nhI ik kYlMzr ivwc kI hoey, Auh isrP vwKrf kYlMzr cfhuMdy hn. Bfvy ieh kyvl kihx nUM hI hoey. ijvyN ihMdU mYirj aYkt dy qwq nfl bhuqf lYx dyx nhI pr nF nfl iKJ hY. ies leI vwKrf afnMd mYirj aYkt hoxf cfhIdf hY. ijsdf pUrf qwq Bfvy ihMdU aYkt vflf hI ikAuN nF hoey. ies soc dy iswKF vfsqy kYlMzr qfrIKF df sfDn Gwt pr vwKrI pCfx df suKd aihsfs krfAux vflf ijLafdf hY. pr koeI vI ieh nhI socdf ik vwKrI pCfx bxfAux leI vwKry kYlMzr dI QF kuwJ idn vwKry mnfAux df hIaf vI krnf peygf. imsfl vjoN, Gwto Gwt drbfr sfihb aMdr  dIvflI  mnfAuxI bMd krnI peygI, gurU nfnk df purb pUrnmfsLI nfloN qoVnf peygf, holy df idn nIXq krnf peygf aqy Kflsy df sfjnf idvs vYsfKI nfloN qoVn df jyrf krnf pvygf. aYsf nF krn dI sUrq ivwc kMD qy tMigaf koeI vI kYlMzr vwKrI pCfx df prqIk nhI ho skdf. ikAuNik pCfx amlF nfl bxdI hY nF ik kYlMzrF nfl. AuNj vI imlgoBf iksm df kYlMzr vwKrI pCfx kfiem krn dI smrwQf nhI rwKdf. ijs kYlMzr ivwc 3 idn pwky nF kIqy hox Aus kfrn vwKry bKyVy qF KVy ho skdy af pr vwKrI pCfx pYdf nhI ho skdI.

 

(5) kI vwKry kYlMzr dI loV hY vI?

          kYlMzr duinafvI kfrjF nUM inrivGn nypry cfVn leI qfrIKF dI jfxkfrI df sfDn hn. isWKF dy sB kfrj prcilq eIsvI kYlMzr dI vrqoN nfl rfs af skdy hn. ies leI nvy kYlMzr dI GfVq GVn dI jLrUrq hI nhI sI. ieMj lgdf hY ijvyN srdfr puryvfl ny ruwqF aqy gurbfxI df qflmyl ivgV jfx df KOP KVf krky nvF kYlMzr GVn dI loV mihsUs krvf ky gMijaF nUM kMGIaF vycx vflI gwl kIqI hoey. vwKrI pCfx vflf mslf vI nvyN kYlMzr dy Kljgx ivwc pYx qoN ibnF  sihjy hI hwl kIqf jf skdf hY. jykr sfrf jLor lf ky kYlMzr bxf vI ilaf jFdf hY qF ies dI rojLfnf ijLMdgI ivwc qF vrqoN iPr vI nhI ho skygI. asI sfry kfr ivhfr qF eIsvI kYlMzr muqfbk hI krdy hF aqy krdy rhFgy.

 

(6) kYlMzr ivvfd dy durprBfv?

          kYlMzr dI inrmUl aqy byloVI bihs ivwc koeI 20 sfl df smF aqy sLkqI hI ivarQ nhI geI sgoN ies ivvfd kfrn BfeIcfry ivwc iewk hor vMz pYdf ho geI. Krfb rhy hflfqF  dOrfn jdoN bMdUk ny akl awgy lfeI hoeI sI AudoN hI iswK pMQ dy ivhVy ivwc bOiDk ryigsqfn psrnf sLurU ho cuwkf sI jo ik kYlMzr vrgy ingUxy muwidaF moZy cVHky hor dUx svfieaf ho igaf hY. ies smy nUM iksy cMgI BivwKI nIqI dI GfVq lyKy lfieaf jf skdf sI.

 

(7) hwl kI hY?

          kYlMzr nfl koeI vwzI smwisaf juVI hoeI nhI sI. buinafdI qklIP qfrIKF df bdldy rihx kfrn af rhIaF mfmUlI idwkqF sn. ijnHF dy hwl leI hr sfl mnfey jfx vfly 10-12 aihm idnF dIaF qfrIKF pwkIaF kr leIaF jfxIaF cfhIdIaF sn aqy bfkI sB kuwJ sQfnk lokF nUM afpo afpxI shUlq muqfbk kr lYx leI kih dyxf cfhIdf sI. ijvyN ik gurUaFu dy gur purb qF sfry sMsfr ivwc mnfey jFdy hn. ies leI ieh qfrIKF pwkIaF ho jfx nfl sB nUM sOKf ho jfeygf. pr bfby buwZy df jnm idn qF sfry sMsfr ivwc nhI mnfieaf jFdf ies leI aYsy idnF dI qfrIKF pwkIaF krn qy jLor lfAux nfloN sQfnk lokF Auwpr Cwz dyxf Xog hoeygf.

          gurbfxI df ruwqF nfl qflmyl ibTfAux leI kYlMzr bxfAux vflf Purnf gYr isDFqk hox kfrn Cwz dyxf vfijb hoeygf.

          ijnF vwKrI pCfx dy Xqn krny hn AunHF leI vWKrf kYlMzr Xog rfh sfibq nhI hoieaf. AunHF nUM vwKrI pCfx leI vwzy Xqn krny pYxgy. ijnHF ivwc lokF nUM vwzIaF qbdIlIaF, ijvyN dIvflI, pUrnmfsLI, mwisaf afid qoN mukq hox, gurUu nfnk df purb purnmfsLI nfloN alwg krn, Kflsy df sfjnf idvs vYsfKI nfloN alwg krn, holy df idn mukwrr krn  aqy Gwto Gwt drbfr sfihb aMdr dIvflI  mnfAuxf bMd krn afid vfsqy iqafr krnf hoeygf. ikAuNik vwKrI pCfx vwKry krm krn nfl bxdI hY nF ik kMD Auwpr tMgy iksy kYlMzr nfl.

-hjLfrf isMG sMprk leI Pon nMU: 905-795-3428

 


mslf Dfrf 25 df! –hjLfrf isMG

          Dfrf 25 soDy jfx dI  mMg iewk vfr iPr jLor PVH cuwkI hY. ipCly qIh sflF dOrfn ieh mslf keI vfr crcf df ivsLf bxdf irhf hY pr gwl kdy iksy iknfry nhI lwgI. mslf sulJxf qF iewk pfsy, ies lMmy arsy dOrfn ieh vI pUrI qrHF spwsLt nhI hoieaf ik afiKr Dfrf 25 hY kI? hor svfl,  ijvyN ik kI Dfrf 25 ivwc mMgI geI soD nfl iswKF dI qswlI ho jfeygI?  kI Dfrf 25 ivwc kIqI jfx vflI soD nfl iswK Drm dI vwKrI hsqI kfiem ho vI jfeygI jF nhI? ies Dfrf ivwc pRsqfivq soD dy isWKF AuWpr cMgy jF mfVy kI asr hoxgy? afid bfry vI afm lokF nUM koeI spwsLt jfxkfrI nhI imlI. ipCly qIh sflF dOrfn ies msly bfry kuJ spwsLt hox dI QF keI inrmUl DfrnfvF pRcilq ho geIaF hn. ijvyN ik Dfrf 25 ivWc qF iswKF nUM iswK mMinaf hI nhI igaf, Dfrf 25 qF iswKF nUM kysfDfrI ihMdU aYlfn dI hY, ieh Dfrf iswK Drm dI awzrI hoNd nUM nhI mMndI, ies Dfrf rfhIN iswKF nUM ihMdU bxfieaf igaf hY, ies Dfrf rfhIN iswK Drm nUM ihMdU Drm nfl nUiVaf igaf hY, afid.

          pr ies Dfrf ivwc aYsf kuJ vI nhI hY. ieh glq PihmIaF pYdf hox df mUl kfrn ieh hY ik bhuqy iswK afgUaF smyq afm iswKF ny vI ieh Dfrf iDafn nfl nhIN pVHI. afE ies Dfrf nfl juVy vwK vwK muwidaF aqy svflF bfry ivcfr krIey.

(1)ipCokV:

sLomxI akflI dl iswKF dIaF Dfrimk mMgF qF sLurU qoN hI AuTfAuNdf af irhf sI aqy agsq, 1982 nUM lgfey Drm XuwD morcy dIaF mMgF ivwc kuwJ Dfrimk mMgF, ijvyN aMimRqsr nUM pivwqr sLihr df drjLf idvfAuxf, afl ieMzIaf gurduafrf aYkt bxfvfAuxf, gurbfxI dy pRsfrn leI trFsimtr lgvfAuxf afid, qF sLfiml sn pr jnvrI 1984 qwk Dfrf 25 ivwc soD krfey jfx dI mMg bfry iksy ny nhI sI suixaf. morcf sLurU hox qoN koeI zyZ sfl bfad  acfnk hI jnvrI, 1984 dy afKrI hPqy ies mMg nUM ieMj AuBfiraf igaf ijvyN asl msly dI jVH hI Dfrf 25 hoey aqy iswKF dI pRmuwK mMg Dfrf 25 ivwc soD krvfAuxf hI  hoey.

          27 jnvrI, 1984 nUM akflI dl ny Bfrq srkfr nUM Dfrf 25 ivwc soD krn leI iewk mhIny df altImytm dy idwqf aqy soD nF kIqy jfx dI sUrq ivwc  ies Dfrf nUM sfVn df aYlfn vI kr idwqf. mhIny bfad koeI soD nF hox qy 28 PrvrI, 1984 nUM sR: pRkfsL isMG bfdl ny idwlI jf ky Dfrf 25 sfV idwqI aqy Ausy idn cMzIgV ivKy iekwTy ho ky  akflI lIzrF, ijHnHF ivwc jQydfr tOhVf, sR:  brnflf, sR: rfmUMvflIaf aqy sR: cImf sLfiml sn, ny ies Dfrf ivwcoN 'iswK' sLbd pfV idwqf. ienHF sfry lIzrF nUM sMivDfn sfVn/ pfVn dy gMBIr aprfD afDIn kys bxfky igRPqfr kr ilaf igaf. bfad ivwc ieh kys rPf dPf ho gey.

          Dfrf 25 nUM sfVn vflf pRogrfm dyx ipwCy vI akflI dl dI isafsI mjLbUrI sI. akflI dl morcy AuWpr iZwlI pYNdI jf rhI pkV nUM mjLbUq krn leI iswK jjLbfqF dy hfx df koeI 'grm' pRogrfm dyx df aYlfn kr cuwikaf sI. aYlfn ieh sI ik jykr 26 jnvrI, 1984 qwk mMgF nF mMnIaF (ijnHF ivwc Dfrf 25 soDy jfx dI mMg sLfiml nhI sI) qF pMQ nUM koeI 'ienklfbI' pRogrfm idwqf jfeygf. jd mMgF nF mMnIaF geIaF qF hor koeI 'ienklfbI' pRogrfm nF aOVn kfrn mdfrI dy guQly coN kbUqr kwZx vFg akflI dl nUM Dfrf 25 ivwc soD krvfAux dI mMg df Purnf Puiraf. ies qrHF 1984 ivwc  AuTfeI geI ieh mMg akflI dl dI iswK sMGrsL AuWpr kmjLor pY rhI pkV nUM qkiVaF krn leI kIqy jfx vfly EhV pohV qoN vwD kuwJ vI nhI sI. akflIaF ny nF qF kdy ies msly nUM gMBIrqf nfl ivcfiraf sI aqy nF Auh ies bfry gMBIr sn. ieho hI kfrn sI ik nF qF rfjIv lONgovfl smJOqy vyly ies df koeI ijLkr hoieaf aqy nF hI sR: bfdl ny ipCly vIh sflF dOrfn ies mMg pRQfey koeI Xqn kIqy.

 

(2) kI hY Dfrf 25:

BfrqI sMivDfn dI Dfrf 25 ies pRkfr hY:

"25: jLmIr (afqmf) aqy Drm nUM KulHyafm apxfAux, mMnx, aqy pRcfrn dI afjLfdI:-

(1) jnqk ivvsQf, nYiqkqf (sdfcfr) aqy ishq aqy ies dIaF hor DfrfvF dy afDIn rihMdy hoey, sfry ivakqIaF nUM jLmIr dI afjLfdI aqy KulyHafm Drm apxfAux , mMnx aqy pRcfrn df brfbr hwk hoeygf.

(2) ivDfn dI ies Dfrf dI koeI gwl iksy mOjUdf kfnUMn dI ikRaf nUM pRBfivq nhIN krygI jF srkfr nUM koeI aYsf kfnUMn bxfAux qoN nhIN rokygI jo ik:

(ey) Drm nUM mMnx nfl sMbMiDq iksy afriQk, ivwqI, rfjnIqk jF hor Drm inrpwK srgrmI nUM inXMiqRq jF sIimq krn sMbMDI hoey;

(bI) smfijk BlfeI aqy suDfr vfsqy jF jnqk iksm dIaF ihMdU Dfrimk sMsQfvF nUM ihMdUaF dIaF sfrIaF sLRyxIaF aqy vrgF leI KolHx vfsqy hoey.

* ivafiKaf 1 ikRpfnF pihnxIaF  aqy rwKxIaF iswK Drm nUM mMnx df aMg smJIaF jfxgIaF.

* ivafiKaf  2  Bfg (2) dy AupBfg (bI) ivwc ihMdUaF pRqI hvfly df jo arQ smiJaf jfeygf Aus ivwc iswK, jYn jF boDI Drm nUM mMnx vfly ivakqIaF df hvflf vI sLfiml hoeygf aqy ihMdU Dfrimk sMsQfvF sMbMDI hvfly nMU vI iesy anusfr hI smiJaf jfeygf."

          hux vyKo, ies Dfrf ivwc ikqy vI iswKF nUM kysfDfrI ihMdU nhIN aYlfinaf igaf. ikqy vI iswKF AuWpr ihMdU rhurIqF nhI QopIaF geIaF. ies Dfrf  ivwc qF iswKF nUM ikRpfn nhIN sgoN 'ikRpfnF' pihnx aqy rwKx df ivsLysL aiDkfr idwqf igaf hY. ies mksd nUM pUrI qrF spwsLt krn leI kyvl aqy kyvl iswKF vfsqy  ivafiKaf 1 alwg qOr qy sLfiml kIqI geI hY qF jo iksy iksm df BulyKf nF rih jfey. kI iswKF nUM iswK mMny jfx ivwc ajy koeI ksr bfkI  rih geI hY? iswKF bfry aYsI spwsLt abfrq iksy vI hor dysL dy sMivDfn ivwc nhI imldI. kYnyzf, amRIkf vrgy dysLF ivwc ikrpfn dy hwk leI iswKF nUM keI vfr adflqF ivwc jfxf ipaf hY. adflqI kys ijwqx dy bfad vI srkfrF ny koeI aYsf kfnUMn nhI bxfieaf jo sfry dysL ivwc sfry hr QF lfgU hoey. nqIjy vjoN ikqy nF ikqy koeI mslf KVHf hI rihMdf hY.

          hux afAuNdy hF ivafiKaf  2  Bfg (2) dy AupBfg (bI) vwl. iewQy vI iswK Drm df ijLkr alwg qOr kIqf igaf hY. Bfv ik iswKF nUM iswK mMinaF igaf hY. so, ieh svfl ik Dfrf 25 iswKF nUM iswK mMndI hY jF nhIN qF sOiKaF hI hwl ho jFdf ik Dfrf 25 iswKF nUM iewk vfr nhIN do vfr iswK mMndI hY.

          asl msly dI jVH ieh hY ik iewQy af ky iswK afgU aqy buwDIjIvI afpxf svfl bdl lYNdy hn. iewQy af ky Auh afKxf sLUru kr idMdy hn ik nhIN jI nhIN, asl  mslf  iswKF nUM iswK mMnx jF nF mMnx df nhIN hY asl mslf qF Bfg (2) dy AupBfg (bI) dI  ivafiKaf  2  ivwc iswKF nUM ihMdUaF  nfl joVy jfx df hY. iswK afgU ies ivafiKaf rfhIN iswKF nUM ihMdUaF nfl jLbrI nwQI kIqy jfxf afKky Dfrf ivwc soD dI mMg krdy hn. pr Auh ieh iblkul nhIN dwsdy ik  Dfrf 25 dy Bfg (2) dy AupBfg (bI) dI ivafiKaf 2 ivwc mMgI jf rhI soD iswK Drm dI vwKrI pihcfx bhfl krn ivwc ikvyN shfeI hoeygI? Dfrf dy ies  Bfg (2)(bI) df qwqsfr ieh hY ik smfijk BlfeI aqy suDfr vfsqy jF jnqk iksm dIaF ihMdU, iswK, boDI jF jYnI  Dfrimk sMsQfvF nUM kRmvfr ihMdUaF, iswKF, boDIaF jF jYnIaF dIaF sfrIaF sLRyxIaF aqy vrgF leI KolHx vfsqy  kfnUMn bxfAux df hwk srkfr kol hoeygf. ikAuNik iswK Drm dy asQfn qF pihlF hI smfijk  BlfeI aqy suDfr dy isDFqF  nUM muwK rwKky bxfey gey hn aqy sB leI iewk brfbr pihlF hI KulHy hn jF ieMj kih lE ik iswK Drm ivwc qF ieh mwd afpxy afp pihlF hI lfgU hY. ies krky Dfrf dy ies Bfg afDIn srkfr nUM hor kfnMUn bxfAux dI koeI vI jLrUrq nhIN pvygI. ies qrHF  Dfrf 25 df ieh Bfg iswKF vfsqy AuqnF icr byloVf aqy axvriqaf hI ipaf rhygf ijqnf icr iswK sMsQfvF (pRmwK qOr qy gurduafry) iswK isDfqF aqy lok BlfeI dy afsLy anusfr sB leI brfbr KulHy rihxgy.

(3) kI soD krn nUM ikhf jf irhf hY:

          iswK afgU  vYNkt cleIaf kimsLn vwloN idwqy suJf anusfr mMg kr rhy hn ik Dfrf 25 dy Bfg (2 bI) dI ivafiKaf Kqm kr idwqI jfey aqy Bfg (2bI) nUM soD ky dubfrf iliKaf jfey. ijs df Bfv ieh bxdf hY ik Dfrf 25 dy ies Bfg, "(bI) smfijk BlfeI aqy suDfr vfsqy jF jnqk iksm dIaF ihMdU Dfrimk sMsQfvF nUM ihMdUaF dIaF sfrIaF sLRyxIaF aqy vrgF leI KolHx vfsqy hoey.”

* ivafiKaf 1 ikRpfnF pihnxIaF  aqy rwKxIaF iswK Drm nUM mMnx df aMg smJIaF jfxgIaF.

* ivafiKaf 2 Bfg (2) dy AupBfg (bI) ivwc ihMdUaF pRqI hvfly df jo arQ smiJaf jfeygf Aus ivwc iswK, jYn jF boDI Drm nUM mMnx vfly ivakqIaF df hvflf vI sLfiml hoeygf aqy ihMdU Dfrimk sMsQfvF sMbMDI hvfly nMU vI iesy anusfr hI smiJaf jfeygf.", nUM soD ky ies qrHF iliKaf jfey,

"(bI) smfijk BlfeI aqy suDfr vfsqy jF jnqk iksm dIaF ihMdU, isWK, boDI jF jYnI Dfrimk sMsQfvF nUM krmvfr ihMdUaF, isWKF, boDIaF jF jYnIaF dIaF sfrIaF sLRyxIaF aqy vrgF leI KolHx vfsqy hoey.

* ivafiKaf 1 ikRpfnF pihnxIaF  aqy rwKxIaF iswK Drm nUM mMnx df aMg smJIaF jfxgIaF."

          ies qrHF kuwJ kfmy pf ky ilKx nfl ies Dfrf dy qwqsfr ivwc  koeI buinafdI qbdIlI nhI afAuNdI.

(4) kI ies soD nfl iswKF dI sMqusLtI ho jfeygI?

          kI ies soD nfl iswKF dI qswlI anusfr iswK Drm dI afjLfd hsqI bhfl ho jfeygI aqy gwl muWk jfeygI? nhIN, gwl iPr vI nhI muWkygI. hux asl mslf iswKF nUM ihMdU kfnUMnF dy jUly hyToN kWZx df bx jfeygf. Dfrf 25 ivwc krvfeI soD kI mqlb rwKdI hY jdik bfkI dy ihMdU kfnUMn ijvyN  ihMdU  mYirj aYkt, ihMdU azfpsLn aYkt, ihMdU ivrfsq aYkt, ihMdU mfinafrtI aYNz myntInYs aYkt  afid iswKF AuWpr ijAuN dy iqAuN lfgU rihMdy hn. ies df hwl ieh suJfieaf jfeygf ik bfkIaF vFg iswKF vfsqy vI vwKrf iswK prsnl lfa bxfieaf jfvy.

(5) mslf iswK prsnl lfa df:

          iswK prsnl lfa dI gwl qF kdy kdfeIN iCVdI rihMdI hY pr iswK afgU aqy ivdvfn ipCly 60 sflF ivwc ieh qih nhIN kr sky ik iswK prsnl lfa ivwc afKr hovy kI. ajy qwk  iswK prsnl lfa df koeI vI KrVf iqafr nhIN kIqf jf sikaf. iswK prsnl lfa dy KrVy dI iqafrI aqy iPr Aus bfry sB dI sihmqI bxfAuxf koeI sOKf kMm nhIN hY. kI iswK Dfrimk lIzrisLwp aqy iswK buwDIjIvI, jo ipwCy ijhy iewk mfmUlI nukqy ik iswKF ivwc qlfk hY jF nhIN ivwc hI AulJ gey sn, pUry dy pUry aYkt GVn vrgIaF ivafpk soDF bfry sOiKaF hI iewk mwq ho jfxgy? afnMd mYirj aYkt df qjLrbf hI dyK lE, jd srkfr sLRomxI kmytI vwloN pRvfinq  KrVy AuWpr ivcfr kr rhI sI qF iswKF dy vwK vwK hlikaF vwloN iewk dy mgr dUsrf KrVf pRgt krn dI dOV lwgI geI sI. gwl KrVy pysL krn qwk hI sIimq nhIN sI rhI, vwK vwK iDrF vwloN afpxy KrVy nUM srvoqm aqy dUsiraF nUM afDUry jF iswK ivroDI grdfnx dI ‘KrVf isafsq’ vI cwl peI sI. aYsy mfhOl ivwc iswK prsnl lfa vrgy ivsLfl kfirj dI muihMm CyVnf BUMzF df KwKr CyVn vflI gwl hoeygI. iswK aYktF dy KrVy GVnf qF bhuq vwzf kMm hY, asIN qF ajy kYlMzr dI AulJx ivwcoN hI nhIN inkl sky. kYlMzr dI AulJI qfxI kfrn hI pfiksqfn jfx vfly XfqrIaF nUM vIjLy dI musLikl afeI sI. Xfd rhy nfnksLfhI kYlMzr df mslf iksy ny sfzy glL nhIN sI miVHaf .isWKF ny afp hI shyiVaf sI jo ik ajy qFeI sfzy mfnisk guxIey ivwc nhIN af irhf. aYktF dIaF  ivsQfirq mwdF bfry sihmqI hoxI qF bhuq vwzI gwl hY asIN qF ajy qFeI 1984 dy sLhIdF dI Xfdgfr ikho ijhI hoey bfry vI sihmq nhI. kihx nUM jo mrjI khI jfeIey ajy qWk asIN msilaF bfry iewk rfie hox dI koeI Xog ivvsQf bhfl hI nhIN hox idwqI. iswKF dy aMdrUnI msilaF bfry sfzI phuMc tfl mtol, kMm clfAU, vkq tpfAux jF iPr DwkysLfhI vflI hI rhI hY. iesy vjHf kfrn dsm gRMQ, rfgmflf, mirXfdf, sihjDfrI afid msly icrF qoN axsulJy hI pey hn. aYsy mfhOl ivwc iswK prsnl lfa vrgy msly dI muihMm CyVnf KfnfjMgI vrgy hflfqF nUM swdf dyx brfbr hoeygf.

(6) iswK afgUaF aqy buDIjIvIaF dy iDafnXog:

          asIN Dfrf 25 ivwc soD dI gWl qF krdy hF pr nukiqaF  qy AulJI rihx vflI iswK lIzrisLwp ny ieh kdy vI spwsLt nhIN kIqf ik Auh mOjUdf ihMdU kfnUMnF ivwc kI qbdIlIaF cfhuMdy hn. mMn lE ik asIN sB aOkVF pfr krky iswK prnl lfa GVn ivwc kfmXfb ho jFdy hF aqy Bfrq srkfr vI iswKF df ihMdUaF nfloN nfVUaf kwtx leI sMivDfn ivwc soDF krn leI sihmq ho jFdI hY qF kI iswKF dIaF pCVIaF jfqIaF nUM imlI irjLrvysLn dI shUlq, jo ik mfstr qfrf isMG jI ny 1953 ivwc morcf lf ky pRfpq kIqI sI, bhfl rih skygI? kfnUMnI siQwqI anusfr irjLrvysLn df afDfr Drm hY. BdOV qoN cox ijwqy muhMmd isdIk dI imsfl sfhmxy hY. Auh muslmfn hox kfrn kfnUMnI qOr qy irjLrvysLn df aiDkfrI nhIN hY pr Aus df ivroDI iswK hox kfrn irjLrvysLn df hwkdfr hY. eIsfeI aqy muslmfn ipCly pMjfh sflF qoN ieh mMg krdy af rhy hn ik AunHF dIaF pCVIaF jfqIaF nUM vI irjLrvysLn dy lfB idwqy jfx. pMjfb dy dirafeI pfxIaF dy kort kys vFg, suprIm kort smyq koeI vI kort AunHf nUM koeI lV pwlf nhI PVf rhI. Xfd rhy eIsfeI qy muslmfn BfeIcfry dy lok hr QF dlIl vI ieho idMdy hn ik jykr iswKF aqy boDIaF nUM ieh lfB iml skdf hY qF sfzy DrmF dIaF pCVIaF sRyxIaF nUM ikAuN nhIN? ieh vI swc hY ik irjLrvysLn df Pfiedf lY ky bhuq sfry iswK AuWcy ahudy hfisl krn ivwc kfmXfb hoey hn. jykr ihMdU kfnUMnF dI jLWd ivWcoN bfhr kIqy jfx kfrn  iswKF dIaF pCVIaF sLRyxIaF dI irjLrvysLn Kqm kr idwqI jFdI hY qF kI iswK lIzriswLp  aYsy hflfqF nfl nijwTx leI iqafr hY? kI asIN ies nUM iswKF nfl iewk hor byiensfPI nhIN afKFgy? kI irjLrvysLn KuwsdI vyKky iswKF df iewk ihwsf afpxy afp nUM 'ihMdU' ilKfAux dI muihMm nhIN CyV dyvygf? hflfq Dfrf 25 ivwc kIqI geI soD nUM vfips krfAux leI morcf lgfAux vrgy vI bx skdy hn. Dfrf 25 ivwc soD nUM iswKF dIaF qmfm mrjLF  df ielfj ikafsx vfly hkIkq AuWGVn qy, smF lMG jfx qoN bfad socx dy afdI iswK afgaFU dI ivrfsq nUM awgy qordy hoey, iswKF dI irjLrvysLn bhfl krfAux leI 'aKLbfrI XuwD' lVn vflI 'KLflsf POj' dy ispfh slfr vI bx skdy hn. so, bynqI hY ik  aYsf rOl GcOlf pYx qoN pihlF hI Dfrf 25 ivwc soD dI mMg krn vfilaF nUM cfhIdf hY ik Auh ies soD dy cMgy mfVy asrF bfry aqy AunHF nfl nijwTx dy ZMg qrIikaF bfry  pihlF  hI iewk irport iqafr krvf lYx. nhIN qF aYsy gMBIr muwidaF bfry 'jd hoAU dyK lvFgy' vrgI lfprvfh jF kyvl jjLbfqI phuMc apxfey jfx kfrn hflfq keI vfr dhIN dy BulyKy kpfh Kfx vfly vI bx jfieaf krdy hn. ijhf ik iswKF nfl keI vfr pihlF vI ho cuwkf hY.

(7) Dfrf 25 aqy adflqI kys:

          Dfrf 25 ivwc soD krfvfAux leI zf: birMdrf kOr vWloN suprIm kort ivwc iewk  kys vI kIqf hoieaf. ies kfrn srkfr ies msly nUM tflx leI sOiKaF hI kih skdI hY ik mslf kort afDIn hY. ipCly idnI  srkfr vwloN aYsf hI AuWqr muslmfnF aqy eIsfeIaF dIaF anusUicq jfqIaF nUM rfKvyNkrn ivwc sLfiml kIqy jfx dI mMg krn vfilaF dy ky gwl Kqm kr idwqI.

(8) hWl kI hY?

          asl ivwc Dfrf 25 smyq iksy vI ihMdU kfnUMn dI koeI vI Dfrf iswK DfrnfvF aqy isDFqF dy Ault nhI hY. koeI vI Dfrf aYsI nhI ijhVI iswKF nUM  iswK Drm dy mMnx ivwc aiVwkf bxdI hoey. hF, pRcIn pMQ pRkfsL dy ilKfrI rqn isMG BMgU anusfr (ijvyN suixaf), "ihMdU khy qy iKJy vDyrf" muqfbk iswKF nUM ihMdU kfnUMnF dy qWw nfl qF BfvyN koeI icV nF hovy pr ienHF dy isrlyKF nfl jLrUr hY. ies leI ienHF dy tfeItl qbdIl krvfAux leI QoVHy Xqn jLrUr kr lYxy cfhIdy hn. ijvyN 'ihMdU mYirj aYkt" dI QF "ihMdU, iswK, boDI, jYnI mYirj aYkt, "ihMdU azfpsLn aYkt" dI QF, "ihMdU, iswK, boDI, jYnI azfpsLn aYkt" afid.

          iekwlI Dfrf 25 ivclI soD iswK pCfx df mslf hwl nhI kr skdI. ies vfsqy ivafpk soDF dI jLrUrq hY. irjLrvysLn df svfl vI aihm hY. Bfrq srkfr dy 1959 dy srkUlr aqy suprIm kort dy PYsilaF anusfr "Gr vfpsI" vfly ivakqI afpxI 'pihlI KuwsI' hoeI irjLrvysLn dy hwkdfr hn. ies anusfr hux qF eIsfeIaF qoN iswK bxn vfilaF nUM vI ieh lfB pRfpq hY. mMn lE jy ieh nF hoey, kI ieh lok iPr iswK bxngy jF ihMdU? jy gwl iswK isDFqF anusfr jfq pfq dy insLyD dI hY qF iPr socxf peygf ik irjLrvysLn vfsqy pihlF qF 1949 ivwc iswK numfieMidaF ny mMg pwqr ikAuN idwqf aqy iPr 1953 ivwc mfstr qfrf isMG jI ny morcf ikAuN lfieaf? kI awj dy iswK afgU irjLrvysLn dI ieh shUlq iqafgx leI iqafr hn? ajy qwk iswK lIzrF ny ies svfl bfry socx dI loV nhIN smJI. so, ienHF hflfqF ivwc Dfrf 25 ivwc mMgI jf rhI soD iswKF dI vwKrI pCfx sQfipq krn ivwc koeI Xogdfn nhIN pfeygI. ikAuNik ieh Dfrf qF pihlF hI iswKF nUM iswK mMnx aqy ikpRfnF pihnx dy aiDkfr df spwsLt aYlfn krdI hY. ies leI ijwQy ies Dfrf ivwc soD krn leI isrqoV Xqn kIqy jf rhy hn AuWQy kuwJ Xqn ies mMgI jf rhI soD kfrn iswKF AuWpr pYx vfly pRBfvF bfry vI kr lYxy cfhIdy hn. DMnvfd.

hjLfrf isMG, imsIsfgf, kYnyzf.

Pon: 905-795-3428

 


hux isWK lihr jmfqI sMGrsL dI numfieMdf lihr nhIN rhI

sMpfdk jIE,

          ipCly idnI pMjfb dy isWK ijLmIdfrF vWloN grIb isWKF (Kfs krky dilqF) nUM bMDUaf mjLdUrF vFg rWKy jfx sMbMDI irportF afeIaF. keI hlikaF vWloN ies vrqfry nUM isWK isDFqf dy njLrIey qoN vyKx dI koisLsL kIqI geI. keIaF vWloN ies dy hWl leI akfl qKLq dy sihXog nfl koeI Xojnf bxfey jfx dI loV mihsUs kIqI geI. pr kI isWK lihr dy mOjUdf srUp ivWc ienHF mjLdUrF dI bMd KlfsI dy koeI qWq mOjUd hn? afE, ies qy isWK lihr dy ieiqhfsk pRsMg qoN ivcfr krIey.

          isWK lihr df muZlf AudysL mnuWKI brfbrqf dI kfiemI sI. sLurUafqI dOr ivWc ieh lihr smfijk brfbrqf dI pRfpqI dy sMGrsL vjoN AuWBrI. ies dOr ivWc jfq pfq, AUc nIc, CUaf Cfq  afid burfeIaF iKlfP muihMm cwlI. sB mnuWKF dy brfbr hox df pRcfr hoieaf aqy isWK lihr ivWc sB lokF nUM amlI qOr qy brfbr df siqkfr dy ky invfijaf jfx lWgf. muWK qOr qy mnuWKI brfbrqf bfry ies Dfrnf nUM pRPulq krn dy Xqn kIqy gey ik mnuWK afpxy kIqy cMgy jF mfVy kMmF kfrn AuWcf jF nIvF huMdf hY nF ik afpxI jfq kfrn. ies dy nfl hI PLjLUl iksm dIaF pRMprfgq Dfrimk rsmF dy jUV KolHx dy Xqn vI kIqy gey. sMgiTq DrmF dy jUly hyToN mukq hox leI sMGrsL dI  sLurUafq  Aus vkq dy iensfnF leI afjLfdI vWl puWitaf ieWk aihm kdm sI. ies dy nfl hI smfj ivWc aOrq dy Xogdfn nUM aihmIaq idWqy jfx df ivcfr puMgiraf. smfj ivWc aOrq dy siqkfr dI gwl cWlI. smfijk rUp ivWc sLurU hoeI  qbdIlI dI ies lihr ivWcoN hOlI hOlI ieWk pUrn ienklfb dy nksL AuBrn lWgy. ieh lihr sQfipq rfjfsLfhI aqy jgIrdfrU ZFcy iKlfP ieWk lok lihr vjoN AuWBrn lWgI. ijs ny hiQafrbMd tWkrF dIaF CotIaF pgzMzIaF vI isrjIaF. afiKr 1710 eI: ivWc, jdoN XUrp ivWc ajy iksy ienklfb dI icxg vI pYdf nhI sI hoeI, pMjfb dI DrqI  qy bfbf bMdf isMG dI agvfeI ivWc lok sLkqI rfjsLfhI nfl tkrf geI. ijsny sQfipq rfjsLfhI dy KMzrF AuWpr mUloN hI nvIN iksm dy ienklfb df prcm lihrf idWqf. jgIrdfrU ZFcf qbfh krky mujLfrfsLfhI df Bog pf idWqf igaf. hl vfhk jLmInF dy mfilk bx gey. ies qrHF ies iKWqy dy pYdfvfrI sfDn kuWJ igxqI dy lokF hWQoN inkl ky afm lokF dI mlkIaq bx gey. nvyN rfjnIqk pRbMD ivWc lok rfjy dI prjf nF rih ky rfjnIqk sqHf ivWc BfeIvfl bx gey. ies qrF smfijk, Dfrimk KyqrF ivWc dI afpxf pYNzf qih krdI hoeI isWK lihr  rfjnIqk aqy afriQk pRbMD nUM muloN hI bdl dyx vfly pUrn ienklfb dy njLdIk phuMc geI. pr ies lihr nUM pWky pYrIN hox jogf smF nF imilaf. sIimq sfDnF aqy hkUmqI jLbr kfrn ieh lihr bhuqf icr itk nF skI.  iPr vI ieh QoVH icrI lihr afpxy ienklfbI cmkfry dy aYsy pRBfv Cwz geI ijs dy asr aWj qFeI kfiem hn. pr bfad ivWc sfjLgr hflfq pYdf hox dy bfvjUd vI ieh lihr ieWk pUrn ienklfb vwl aWgy nF vD skI. ies df pRmuWK kfrn ies lihr ivWc pYdf hoey keI aYb sn. 1765 eI: dy afs pfs jd icrF qoN sQfpq rfjsLfhI mrny peI hoeI sI, bfhrly hmly bMd ho gey sn qF isWK lihr dIaF JMzf brdfr imslF lok sLkqI nUM AuBfrky ienklfb dy afDUry rih gey kfirj nUM aWgy  vDfAux dI QF isDFqk qOr qy jgIrdfrU rucIaF df isLkfr ho geIaF. ies qrF ieh sMGrsL jmfqI sMGrsL df gUVHf rMg PVky  koeI ieiqhfsk jlvf idKfAux qoN pihlF hI ienklfb dI ptVI qoN lih igaf. imsldfrF aMdr jfqI hAumY, rfjsqHf df mjLf mfnx dI llk aqy purfxI rfjsLfhI vflIaF DWkV, hYNkVbfjL aqy lok dbfAU krucIaF pRbl ho jfx nfl kyvl ienklfb nUM hI puTf gyVf nhIN afieaf sgoN ienklfbI soc vI gRihxI geI.

          aTfhrvIN sdI dy aKIrly dhfky ivWc jdoN PrFs ivWc rfjfsLfhI nUM qbfh krky loksLfhI df JMzf bulMd krn leI lok ienklfb afpxy isKr vWl vD irhf sI qF aYn Ausy smy pMjfb dI DrqI AuWpr, ijWQy 80 vrHy pihlF lok ienklfb ny ibjlI vrgI QoV icrI ilsLk mfrI sI, rxjIq isMG ienklfbI lok lihr nUM kurfhy pf ky mrdI jf rhI rfjfsLfhI pRMprf nUM muV jIivq krky afp mhfrfjf bxn dy ienklfb ivroDI puWTy kMmF ivWc glqfn sI. Ausdy mhfrfjf bxn nfl  isWK lihr rfhIN sLurU hoey lok sMGrsL df ieWk aiDafey Kqm ho igaf aqy ieh lok lihr ieWk pRcMz ienklfbI lihr df rUp Dfrn dI bjfie jgIrdfrU rucIaF dI vlgx aMdr kYd ho ky rih geI. rxjIq isMG qoN bfad 1870 eI: dy afs pfs sLurU hoeI isWK jfigRqI lihr dy afgUaF ny ies nUM ieWk sMgiTq Drm df rUp dyx leI jLor lf idWqf. ijvyN ijvyN sMgTn mjLbUq huMdf igaf ies lihr ivWcoN ieWk nvI nroeI lihr vflI qfjLgI aqy KusLbU Kqm hoxI sLurU ho geI. ies dy jmfqI sMGrsL dI numfieMdgI krn vfly Kfsy df Kfqmf ho igaf. ies ivWc ieWk sMgiTq Drm vfly sfry aYbF ijvyN ik kbjLy dI Bfvnf, Drm sqHf nUM rfjnIqk qfkq leI pOVI vjoN vrqxf, lokF dI soc  aqy roh nUM lok ihqYsLI idsfL qoN BtkfAuxf, lok sLkqI nUM iPrikaF ivWc vMz ky kmjLor krnf afid df psfrf ho igaf. ienHF aYbF dI mfr hyT afeI isWK lihr jmfqI sMGrsL nUM iqWiKaF krn ivWc koeI Xogdfn pfAux dI bjfie sQfpqI dy hwk ivWc Bugqx lWg peI. ipCly pMjfh sflF  dOrfn isWK Drm dy ZFcy AuWpr kfibjL lokF ny ies Drm dI klf Ausy qrF  hI mroV ky rWKI hY ijs qrF ik AunHF dy (jgIrdfrU) ihqF nUM mfiPk bYTdf hoey. ipClI sdI dy aWsIvIaF dy dhfky dOrfn pMjfb ivWc cWlI lihr dOrfn jykr lok ihqF dI qrjLmfnI krn vflIaF kuWJ qrMgF pYdf vI hoeIaF qF Auh iPrkU ibrqIaF aqy kwtVqf dIaF jLordfr gUVHIaF qrMgF hyT mslIaF geIaF. aWj dy afgU jgIrdfrU rucIaF dy nfl nfl srmfeydfrI jmfq dy iBaflIdfr vI bx gey hn ijnHF dy jfqI aqy jmfqI ihq afm lokF (BfvyN Auh isWK hI ikAuN nF hox) nfloN vWKry hn. ieho hI kfrn hY ik aWj dy jmfqI sMGrsL ivWcoN isWK lihr gfieb hY. aWj hI gfieb nhI hY, asl ivWc lok ihqYsLI pYNqVy qoN iQVk ky ieh lihr imslF vyly hI jmfqI sMGrsL dI numfieMdgI krn dy rfhoN Btk geI sI. aYvyN nhI sI igafnI igafn isMG nUM ilKxf ipaf ik ies dys qy isWKI AuT geI, dUir jfie lIqI vfis ..

so, jykr isWK ijLmIdfr grIb isWKF df bMDUaF mjdUrF vFg sLosLx kr rhy hn qF ieh mslf inrol milk Bfgo aqy BfeI lflo dy cldy af rhy jmfqI sMGrsL df hY nF ik Dfrimk. ienHF bMDUaF mjLdUrF dI mukqI df rfh isWK lihr ivwcoN qlfsLxf vI vfijb nhI hoeygf. ikAuNik mnuWKI sMGrsL dy ies pVfa `qy mOjUdf isWK lihr df Kfsf milk Bfgo vrgy jgIrdfrF aqy srmfeydfrF dI pusLq pnfhI krdf hY nf ik BfeI lflo vrgy ikrqIaF dI. DMnvfd.

hjLfrf isMG.

Pon (905) 795-3428

 


isWKF nUM jLrfiem pysLf krfr idWqy jfx dI gfQf

isWK buWDIjIvI ajy qWk ieh vI qih nhI kr sky ik ieh aKfAuqI srkUlr Bfrq srkfr ny jfrI kIqf sI jF pMjfb srkfr ny

sMpfdk jIE,

          10 akqUbr 2012 nUM pMjfb qoN Cpx vflIaF aKLbfrF, spoksmYn aqy pihrydfr ivWc ‘isWKF nUM jLrfiem pysLf’ krfr idWqy jfx vfly kQn bfry iPr pVHn nUM imilaf. spoksmYn ivWc ilKx vfly zf: hrijMdr isMG idlgIr hurF ny qF ilKiaf hY ik 10 akqUbr 1947 nUM pMjfb dy gvrnr cMdU lfl iqRvydI vWloN izptI kimsLnrF nUM Byjy pWqr ivWc isWKF nMU ‘jLrfiem pysLf’ krfr idWqf igaf. zf: idlgIr hurF ny svrn isMG nUM ies hrkq leI ijLMmyvfr Tihrfieaf hY. ikAuNik sR: svrn isMG Aus smy pMjfb dy gRih mMqrI sn. so, idlgIr sfihb anusfr ieh srkUlr kyvl pMjfb dy izptI kimsLnrF qWk hI siimq sI. pr Ausy idn Cpy aKLbfr pihrydfr ivWc sR: jspfl isMG hyrF ny iliKaf hY ik 10 akqUbr 1947 nUM Bfrq srkfr vWloN sfry izptI kimsLnrF nUM Byjy pWqr ivWc isWKF nMU ‘jLrfiem pysLf aqy jmFdrU PsfdI’ krfr idWqf igaf. hux TIk iks nUM mMnIey? lgdf hY ik isWK buWDIjIvI ajy ieh qih hI nhI kr sky ik ies srkUlr vfly sosLy df BFzf afiKr iks dy isr BMinaf jfey. hYrfnI dI gWl hY ik idlgIr sfihb afpxIaF pihlIaF ilKqF ivWc qF ieh ilKdy rhy ik 10 akqUbr 1947 nUM isWKF nUM ‘lfa lYs pIpl’ aYlfinaf igaf sI pr kuWJ smy qoN ienHF vI pRcilq DfrnF vFg lPjL ‘jLrfiem pysLf’ vrqxf sLurU kr idWqf hY. isrdfr kpUr isMG hurF dI ijs ilKq nUM afDfr bxfky sR: idlgIr aqy dUsry ilKfrIaF ny isWKF nUM ‘jLrfiem pysLf’ krfr idWqy jfx dy kQn nUM asmfnI cfVH Cwizaf hY Aus ilKq ivWc vI isrdfr sfihb ny ‘jLrfiem pysLf’ lPjL dI vrqoN nhIN kIqI. pr isWK afgUaF buWDIjIvIaF ny ies kQn nUM duhrf duhrf ky isWK mfniskqf ivWc zUMGf Auqfr idWqf  hY. afkfsL nUM cfVHy gey ies  kQn  df muWZ isrdfr kpUr isMG dI ilKq ‘sfcI sfKI’ dy ienHF lPjLF qoN bWiJaf sI, “10 akqUbr 1947 nUM srkfrI nIqI sMbMDI izptI kimsLnrF nUM ieWk gupq pWqr imilaf ijs ivWc izptI kimsLnrF nUM hdfieq kIqI geI ik isWK smuWcy qOr qy jmFdrU PsfdI lok hn qy ieh sUby dy amn psMd ihMdUaF leI Kqry BrI vMgfr bxy hoey hn. izptI kimsLnr ienHF ivruWD ivsLysL sfDn apxfAux. isWKF nUM by kfnUMnI dy rfh pfAux vflIaF AunHF dIaF  Auh pRbl rucIaF hn ijnHF df Jukf aOrq aqy luWt mfr vWl hY.” isrdfr kpUr isMG jI ies qoN aWgy ilKdy hn,  “jdoN mYN ies nIqI df ivroD kridaF AuWqr ilKiaf qF srkfr ny myrI icWTI df koeI AuWqr nF idWqf.” ies qoN awgy bVI mhWqvpUrn gWl ilKdy hoey Auh kihMdy hn, “10 akqUbr 1947 dy nIqI pWqr  sMbMDI CyqI aPvfh AuWz geI ik ieh pWqr gRih skWqr ny rfjpfl dI isWDI afigaf anusfr Byijaf hY. gRih mMqrI (sR: svrn isMG) jo ik isWK sI, nUM vI ies df koeI ielm nhIN. mMqrI mMzl ivWc vI ies bfry AuWkf koeI PYslf nhI sI kIqf gieaf.…QoVHy mhIinaF dy aMdr aMdr hI isWK gRih skWqr nUM bdlky iek ihMdU gRih skWqr nUM lgf idWqf gieaf .” AunHF dI ies ilKq qoN qF ieh isWD huMdf hY ik ieh srkUlr jfrI krn vflf  aPLsr vI isWK sI. kI srkfr aYnI hI BolI sI ijs ny  isWKF iKlfP ieWk isWK koloN hI srkfrI nIqI df gupq pWqr jfrI krvfieaf? iPr AunHF  Aus skWqr nUM keI mhIny Aus aihm ahudy AuWpr ibTfeI rWiKaf. jy srkfr ny isWKF iKlfP koeI gupq hukm jfrI krnf hI sI qF srkfr isWK skWqr dI QF koeI ihMdU aPsr vI lf skdI sI. ies qoN aWgy, jy ies pWqr df smyN dy gRih mMqrI sR: svrn isMG nUM koeI ielm nhI, mMqrI mMzl nUM koeI ielm nhI, mMqrI mMzl ivWc ies bfry koeI PYslf nhI hoieaf qF ies aKfAuqI srkUlr dI aihmIaq kI rih jFdI hY? ijs srkUlr nUM z: idlgIr pMjfb dy gvrnr isr aqy ‘pihrydfr’  vfly hyrF sfihb Bfrq srkfr isr mVHdy hn, Aus bfry  isrdfr kpUr isMG jI  kihMdy hn ik CyqI ieh aPvfh AuWz geI sI ik ieh nIqI pWqr gvrnr dI afigaf anusfr isWK gRih skWqr qoN jfrI krvfieaf igaf. pr AunHF ieh nhI dWisaf ik  ieh aPvfh AuzfAux vflf kOx sI? isrdfr kpUr isMG hurF ny nF qF ies aPvfh dI pusLtI krnI jLrUrI smJI aqy nF hI ies aihm pWqr dI nkl sFB ky rWKI. ikMnf ku aOKf kMm sI ieh, ijs  isWK skWqr ny ieh gupq hukm Byijaf sI Aus qoN  hI pWuiCaf jf skdf sI aqy isrdfr sfihb dy zI sI dPqr ivWc ijWQy rojL sYNkVy dsqfvyjLF dIaF nklF iqafr huMdIaF sn AuWQy ies nIqI pwqr dI nkl vI iqafr krvfeI jf skdI sI. isrdfr sfihb ies srkUlr dI hoNd  sfibq krn dI QF ieh sfibq krn dI koisLsL krdy hn ik srkfr ny pihlF qF cupky ijhy isWKF iKlfP bVf hI Kqrnfk nIqI pWqr jfrI kr idWqf pr jd AunHF krVf ivroD kIqf qF gRih mMqrI smyq sfrf mMqrI mMzl hI ies qoN muWkr igaf. gOrqlb gWl ieh hY ik Aus smy ieWk hor isWK izptI kimsLnr qoN ibnF pulIs aqy dUsry ivBfgF ivWc vI keI isWK aPsr qfienfq sn. jy ieh pWqr jfrI ho igaf sI qF  AunHF aPsrF kol vI igaf hoeygf. kI AunHF ivWcoN iksy nUM vI ieh pWqr isWK ivroDI nhI jfipaf? kI AunHF sfry isWK aPsrF ivWcoN kyvl isrdfr kpUr isMG hI isWKF dy hmdrd sn? isrdfr kpUr isMG jI lok sBf aqy pMjfb ivDfn sBf dy mYbr vI rhy hn . hYrfnI dI gWl hY ik AuWQy AunHF ies df kdy vI ijLkr nhI kIqf. pMjfbI sUby dy ibWl sMbMDI AunHf vWloN 6 isqMbr 1966 nUM lok sBf ivWc idWqf BfsLx isWKF nfl kIqy aqy qoVy gey vfaidaF dIaF khfxIaF nfl Biraf ipaf hY pr Aus ivWc AnHF ies srkUlr df ikDry Bog vI nhI pfieaf.  ijs srkUlr bfry mMqrI mMzl axjfx hoey, ijsdI kfpI srkfrI jF gYr srkfrI irkfrz ivWcoN lWBdI nF hoey, ijsdI nkl isrdfr kpUr isMG Kud vI sFB ky nF rWK sikaf hoey, AusdI vuWkq hI kI rih jFdI hY. asl ivWc aMgryjLF ny 1871 ivWc ‘ikRmInl trfeIbjL aYkt’ pfs krky bhuq sfry kbIilaF nUM ‘jLrfiem pysLf ‘krfr idWqf hoieaf sI. ienHF ivWc ihMdU aqy muslmfn ijLafdf sn. pMjfb aqy rfjsQfn nfl sMbMiDq ‘mhfqm’ kbIly dy keI goqr ijvyN KoKr, rfie, cOhfn, mWlHI, BWtI, jMzI afid ‘jLrfiem pysLf’ gruWpF ivWc sLfiml sn. iesy kbIly dy jo lok isWK bx gey AunHF nUMUM rfie isWKF vjoN jfixaf jFdf hY jo ik rfie jWtF qoN vWKry hn. jLrfiem pysLf krfr idWqy ienHF lokF nUM srkfrI nOkrIaF qoN korf jvfb sI, ibnF iksy vrMt dy AunHF nuM igRPqfr kIqf jf skdf sI aqy AunHf dy ieWDr AuWDr jfx qy pfbMdIaF sn. aMgryjLF dy aPLsr hox krky isrdfr kpUr isMG Kud ies aYkt nUM pUrI krVfeI nfl lfgU krdy rhy sn. iesy qrjL qy hI isWKF nUM ‘jLrfiem pysLf’ krfr idWqy jfx df muhfvrf pRiclq krn leI AunHF dI ilKq nUM vrq ilaf igaf hY. hflFik isrdfr kpUr isMG hurF ny afp vI ies lPjL dI vrqoN nhI kIqI. AunHF dI ikqfb sfcI sfKI dy pihly aYzIsLn ivWc lPjL ‘jmFdrU PsfdI’ vriqaf igaf hY. jo ik AunHF dI mOq qoN bfad Cpy aYzIsLnF ivWc ivgfV ky ‘jLrfiem pysLf aqy jmFdrU PsfdI’ bxf ilaf igaf. isWK afgUaF aqy hornF ilKfrIaF nyy ibnF iksy pVqfl dy ies kQn dI vrqoN ieWk ielfhI sWc vjoN kIqI. nqIjy vjoN isWKF nUM ‘jLrfiem pysLf’ grdfnx vflI Dfrnf isWK mnF AuWpr zUMGI AuWkrI geI. jo ik BfrqI isstm aqy isWKF ivckfr ieWk KWpf pYdf krn dI vjHf vI bxI.ijsdy nqIjy KusLgvfr nhI inkly. bdiksmqI nMU jykr ieh hukm vfikaf eI lfgU ho igaf huMdf qF isWKF nUM AuWcy ahudy qF kI iksy srkfrI adfry aMdr mfmUlI nOkrI vI nF imldI. isrdfr sfihb vI lok sBf aqy ivDfn sBf dy mYNbr nF bx skdy.

          srkfrF vWloN jfrI kIqy hukm ibnF asr nhI hoieaf krdy. imsfl vjoN 8 akqUbr 2003 nUM Bfrq srkfr ny hukm jfrI krky sihjDfrIaF koloN vot df hWk Koh ilaf. ijsdf isWDf asr ieh hoieaf ik qkrIbn 70 lWK sihjDfrIaF df 44 sfl purfxf vot pfAux df aiDkfr ieWko Jtky nfl hI Kqm ho igaf. ijs nUM muV bhfl krvfAux leI lMmI kfnUMnI lVfeI lVnI peI jo ik ajy vI jfrI hY. iesy qrF hI kYnyzf dy  iemIgrysLn mMqrI jysn kynI dy ieWko aYlfn ny hI mfipaF dI iemIgrysLn dIaF arjLIaF nUM bRykF lgf idWqIaF. kihx df Bfv ik srkfrI hukmF dy asr sfP njLr afAuNdy hn. svfl hY ik 10 akqUbr 1947 vfly hukm dy kI asr hoey? kI agly idn 11 akqUbr qoN isWKF dI PVo PVI sLurU ho geI? kI AunHF nUM srkfrI nOkrIaF qoN kWZ idWqf igaf? kI AunHF dy ieWDr AuWDr jfx qy pfbMdIaF lWg geIaF? jykr ieh srkUlr jfrI hoieaf huMdf qF aYsf jLrUr ho jfxf sI. jykr aYsf ho jFdf qF isWK BfrqI POj dy jrnYl, eyar mfrsLl (sR: arjn isMG aqy sR: idlbfg isMG), suprIm kort dy jWj afid nF bx skdy. ies qoN aWgy jykr rucIaF dI gWl krnf jLrfiem pysLf krfr dyx brfbr hY, ijvyN ik isrdfr jI ny iliKaf hY, “isWKF nUM by kfnUMnI dy rfh pfAux vflIaF AunHF dIaF  Auh pRbl rucIaF hn ijnHF df Jukf aOrq aqy luWt mfr vWl hY” , qF sLfh muhMmd ny 1947 qoN sO sfl pihlF hI isWKF nUM jLrfiem pysLf ilK idWqf sI. Auh ilKdf hY, “ jLbq krFgy mfl iPrMgIaF dy, luWt lvFgy dOlqF borIaF nI. Pyr vVFgy AunHF dy sqr Kfny, bMnH ilafvFgy AunHF dIaF gorIaF nI..” vfirssLfh ny Aus qoN vI 80 vrHy pihlF  1767 eI: ivWc ilKI ‘hIr’ ivWc isWK imslF bfry   iliKaf sI, “jd dys `qy jwt iqafr hoey, Gro GrI jf nvIN srkfr hoeI. cor cODrI Xfr ny pfik dfmn, BUq mMzlI ieWk QIN  cfr hoeI..” rucIaF df ijLkr krn nfl koeI lok jLrfiem pysLf nhIN grdfny jFdy.

          muWkdI gWl, isWKF nUM jLrfiem pysLf krfr idWqy jfx df kQn vjLndfr nhI hY. isrdfr kpUr isMG jI ny Kud vI ieh lPjL iksy ilKq ivWc nhI vriqaf. isWK afgUaF aqy buWDIjIvIaF ny afpo afpxf AuWlU isWDf krn leI qWQF nUM qroV mroV ky isWKF nUM jLrfiem pysLf krfr idWqy jfx vflI Dfrnf pRcilq kr rWKI hY. afm isWKF ny vI ibnF iksy GoK pVqfl dy ies nUM sWc mMinaf hoieaf hY. ijsdy bVy iBafnk nqIjy inkly hn. BivWK ivWc aYsIaF glq kQnIaF qoN bcx leI sfnUM AuzdIaF dy mgr lWgx dI bjfie qWQF dI pVqfl krky hI koeI nqIjf kWZxf cfhIdf hY.

DMnvfd.

hjLfrf isMG. torFto, kYnyzf.

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