www.khabarnama.com  {Punjabi Newspaper Khabarnama Toronto} email: editor@khabarnama.com 


 

ਅਖ਼ਬਾਰ ਪੜ੍ਹਨ ਲਈ ਪੰਜਾਬੀ  ਫਾਂਟ ਇੱਥੋਂ ਡਾਊਂਨਲੋਡ ਕਰ

 

 

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bygfinaF df vI afpxf jgjIq isMG afnMd

                                                                                       -  kyhr sLrIPL

 

        (jgjIq isMG afnMd horF bfry ieh lyK mYN 2013 ivc  iliKaf sI.  ipCly idnI afnMd

         horI sdIvI ivCoVf dy gey hn- awj 5 julfeI 2015 nUM jlMDr ivc AunHF df sLrDFjlI

         smfgm hY. ieh ilKq afnMd horF nUM sLrDFjlI smyN afKrI slfm vjoN - kyhr sLrIPL )

 

grmIaF dI qpdI iqwKV dupYhr nUM skUn dyx vfly iksy vwz afkfrI ipwpl jF bohV vFg bhuq sfiraF dI ijLMdgI nUM shI syD aqy ibn mMigaF apxwq BrI CF nfl invfjx vfly iksy cMgy mnuwK dI gwl krIey qF jgjIq isMG afnMd horF df nF afAuNdf hY. aijhy mnuwK ivrly tfvyN hI huMdy hn jo afpxy jLfqI suwK iqafg ky afpxI ijLMdgI smuwcy ikrqI BfeIcfry, smuwcI lokfeI  dy nfvyN lf dyx df jyrf kr skdy hox. afnMd horIN AunHF ivcoN hn. aijhy vwzy jyry aqy sUJ, igafn vfly inmrqf BrpUr mnuwK dI gwl qornI  myry vrgy iensfn leI jy asMBv nhIN qF aOKI jrUr hY.

        afnMd horF nfl jfx-pCfx BfvyN nvF jLmfnf` krky hI sI, jfxdf-pCfxdf mYN prdys af jfx qoN pihlF vI sI. AudoN nyVqf ieMnI nhIN sI ijMnI bfad ivc hoeI. nvF jLmfnf` ivc myrI bhuqI jfx-pCfx vfly do bMdy sn bljIq pMnUM aqy dlbIr isMG. bfad ivc bfbf bMnUafxf horF nfl vI nyVqf bxI. jLIrvI aqy Bfrdvfj horF nfl vI kdy sfihb-slfm ho jFdI. gfhy-bgfhy jfx huMdf sI nvF jLmfnf` dy dPqr, pr afnMd horF nUM AuWQy mYN kdy nhIN sI imilaf. nvF jLmfnf` pVHnf inwqnym ivc sLfml sI. afnMd horF dy drsLx iksy isafsI jlsy /kfnPrMs ivc huMdy jF iksy sfihqk smfgm vyly. aijhy QfvyN kdy kdfeIN hwQ GutxI qy mfVI-motI gwlbfq ho jFdI. jlisaF/kfnPrMsF ivc afnMd horF dI imwTI pMjfbI suxn nUM imldI. keI vfr AunHF dI qkrIr ivc poTohfrI sLbd vI sfh lYNdy pRqIq huMdy. ieho jhIaF QoVH-icrIaF kfPI imlxIaF XfdF dy rUp ivc hn, ijnHF df ijLkr kIqf jf skdf hY. bfhr af jfx krky imlx-iglx vflf jIvMq irsLqf qF nf irhf pr ipCly svf ku iqMn dhfky bIq jfx bfad lgdf hY moh Biraf irsLqf pihlF qoN vI hor gUVHf hoieaf hY.

        bfhr rihMidaF vI mYN nvF jLmfnf` leI ilKdf rihMdf. ies dy bdly iksy vI nvF jLmfnf` nfl juVy sfQI rfhIN afnMd horF vloN sLfbfsL phuMcdI rihMdI. Pyr gwl KLqF dI sLurU hoeI, jdoN vI KLq ilKdy qF mYnUM hOslf idMdy. myry ilKx vfly kwd qoN ikqy vwD isPq kIqI huMdI. mYnUM ieh awgy vDx vfsqy idwqI pRyrnf hI lgdI. afnMd horIN KLqF rfhIN mYnMU AunHF Kwby pwKI sfQIaF dy nF, pqy aqy tYlIPon nMbr ilKdy ik mYN ienHF nfl sMprk krF. AunHF ny sB qoN pihlF nF Byijaf ieMglYNz rihMdy kfmryz ivsLnUM dwq sLrmf horF df, jo ieMglYNz vsdy pMjfbIaF df vwzy kwd vflf afgU sI.

 

            ieMglYNz dy hor bhuq sfry sfQIaF ijnHF ivc hrdIp dUhVf ( jo ipWCy jhy sfQoN sdf vfsqy ivCV igaf hY), rxjIq DIr, ky[ sI[ mohn, srvx isMG jLPLr, idlbfg isMG kvYNtrI, blivMdr isMG, aOjlf, drsLx isMG iZwloN aqy pMjfbI dy AuWGy lyKk sLyr jMg jFglI, rGbIr ZMz, svrn cMdn afid hor bhuq sfry sfQIaF nfl jfx pCfx vI ivsLnUM dwq sLrmF rfhIN hI hoeI, ijs nUM mYN kfmryz afnMd horF dI ikrpf hI mMndf hF.

         Pyr KLq afieaf qF hor aYzrYs phuMicaf gurdfspur qoN hrgoibMdpur ielfky dy sfQI ivsfKf isMG df ( ieh AunHF ny Aus ielfky dy pRvfinq kimAuinst afgU jo bfad ivc aYm aYl ey vI bixaf kfmryz gurnfm isMG dy hvfly nfl iliKaf sI). ivsfKf isMG myQoN ZfeI sO iklomItr dUr PrYNkPrt dy nyVy rihMdf sI. ies qrHF smyN smyN afAuNdy KLqF ivc hor swjxF df hvflf huMdf. jdoN vI aijhf KLq afAuNdf qF mYN AunHF lokF qwk phuMc krdf. nvF jLmfnf` sfzy KwbI soc vfly sfQIaF df sFJf kyNdr sI, ajy vI hY. ies qrHF asIN bfhr vfly sfry afnMd horF nfl juVy hoey hF. mulkoN bfhr vsdy asIN nvF jLmfnf` pVHky afps ivcIN ivcfrF krdy. afnMd horF dy afey KLqF ivc kuwJ nfm pqy ilK ky nfl hI iliKaf huMdf ik ienHF nUM nvF jLmfnf` luafAux aqy aKbfr dI shfieqf krn vfsqy pRyro. asIN aijhf hI krdy ik hor swjx ijwQy vI huMdy AunHF nUM nvF jLmfnf` luafAux vfsqy pRyrdy. prdysF ivc vsdy bhuqy KwbypwKI pMjfbI vfikP/dosq  hr iksy kol nvF jLmfnf` hI afAuNdf sI, awj vI bhuiqaF df ieh hI hfl hY. nvF jLmfnf` kimAuinst pfrtI dI mlkIaq vflf rojLfnf aKbfr sI. sohx isMG josL horIN iesdy sMpfdk sn. josL horF dy pfrtI dI kyNdrI lIzrisLwp ivc idwlI cly jfx krky jgjIq isMG afnMd horIN AudoN qoN hI nvF jLmfnf` dy muwK sMpfdk cly af rhy sn. jdoN pMjfb dI kimAuinst pfrtI ny aKbfr nUM clfAux qoN asmrQf jqfeI qF afnMd horIN hOslf krky iesdf Bfr afpxy moiZaF `qy cuwk ilaf. aKbfr leI iek trwst bxf ky Aus rfhIN Kwby pwKI ivcfrF dy pRcfr Kfqr aKbfr nUM jfrI rwKx df inrxf kr ilaf.

        aijhy kMmF vfsqy pYsy qF cfhIdy hI sn. kfmryz afnMd horIN ies vfsqy afpxy imwqrF-dosqF aqy Kwby pwKI ivcfrF dy hmfieqIaF koloN hr QF qoN mwdd iekwTI kIqI. prdysF ivc PyrIaF lfeIaF aqy Aus isdk dy afsry  nvF jLmfnf` awj vI afpx mVk nUM kfiem rwK irhf hY.

          afnMd horF dI ies sbMD ivc jrmnI dI PyrI df ijLkr kfPI idlcsp hY. jdoN Auh nvF jLmfnf` dI mfiek hflq dI ibhqrI dy  jqn vfsqy iewQy afey. asIN keI sfQI ivsfKf isMG, axKI, gurnfm, drsLx qy keI hor swjx jo bixaf siraf iekwTf krdy. iksy ivrly tfvyN vloN hI nFh huMdI, nhIN qF sfzy lok aijhy kfrjF vfsqy nFh vI nhIN krdy. dUsrI gwl, jdoN kdy vI iksy pfsy jfx vyly afnMd sfihb axKI nfl kfr ivc bYTdy qF AuWpr lwgy afsry nUM PVky bhuqf smF awKF mIt dy bYTdy. iesdf kfrn sI ik axKI kfr bhuq qyjL clfAuNdf 170-180 iklomItr pRqI GMty dy ihsfb nfl . Xfd rhy ik sfry XUrp ivc jrmnI hI aijhf mulk hY ijwQy jrnYlI sVkF (hfeI vy) qy kuwJ Kfs QfvF nUM Cwzky spIz dI koeI pfbMdI nhIN.

         kuwJ axvfpry hfdisaF dI gwl vI krnI bxdI hY. prdys vsdy pMjfb ivroDI, JUTy Dfrmk pfKMz hMZfAux vfly aqy nklI isafsI ByzU afnMd horF vloN pMjfb dy hwk ivc leI jFdI pojLIsLn qoN kfPI KLPLf sn. ies krky Auh aijhy keI mOikaF `qy nuksfn krn vfsqy dfa lfAux df jqn vI krdy rhy hn. afnMd horF df pihlf Auqfrf ivsfKf isMG kol huMdf. Pyr AuWQoN Auh bfkI sfQIaF kol phuMcdy . ivsfKf isMG kol TihiraF AunHF nUM kuwJ idn hoey sn qF kfly ByzUaF dy sUhIey vI  AunHF dI pYV kwZx vfsqy qrly mfrn lwgy. jdoN koeI aijhf swjx ivsfKf isMG koloN ho ky muVn lwgf qF ivsfKf isMG ny sB BFp ilaf sI. ies krky Ehny afpxy gurdfspurI qrIky` nfl Aus nUM smJf idwqf sI ik "afpxy Byjx vfly kulgidaF nUM dws dyvIN ik Auh afpxI krqUq qoN t jfx qF AunHF df afpxf hI Blf hovygf nhIN qF pMjfbI dI khfvq vflI nfnI` cyqy krvfeI jf skdI hY. ieh kMm asIN qyry bMidaF nfloN vI vwD jfxdy hF.`` ijhVF bMdf sfnH bxky afieaf sI , 0jfx lwgf Auh gAU df jfieaf bxky mok mfrdf hoieaf, afpxf hI ipwCf lbyVdf hoieaf ivsfKy koloN mfPI mMg ky KihVf Cuzf igaf sI. muV ky drsLx nhIN sn hoey iksy dy vI.

          iesy PyrI dI iek hor Gtnf Xfd afAuNdI hY. iksy nfvfikP jhy swjx ny sfnUM swidaf ik Auh kuwJ hor aijhy lokF nfl afnMd horF dI gwl krvfAux df cfhvfn sI. pr ijnHF nfl gwl krvfeI jfxI sI asIN AunHF dy jLfqI qOr `qy vfikP nhIN sF. gwl krvfAux dI pysLksL krn vfly ivcoly` bfry vI sfnUM pUrI qOr `qy pqf nhIN sI ik Auh kI sLYa`` hY? df ivc kuwJ kff njLr af irhf sI. nfvfikPF vloN nvF jLmfnf` dI mwdd krn vfsqy AucycI phuMc krky swdxf, myrI smJoN bfhr sI. mwdd imlx dI afs krky afnMd horIN hFa krn dy rONa ivc sn. pMjfb ivc AudoN smF mfVf cwl irhf sI ies krky mYN afpxI rfie idwqI ik mYN aijhy lokF nUM imlx dy hwk ivc nhIN  ijnHF bfry sfnUM pqf vI nhIN ik Auh kOx hn qy EQy kI vfpry? ies smyN Aurimlf jI vI nfl sn, AunHF ny vI ies nFh krn vflI gwl dI hfmI Br idwqI sI. afnMd horI aijhy lokF nUM nf imlx vfsqy rjLfmMd ho gey sn. asIN suwK-sFd nfl hI afpxy Gr phuMc gey sF.

         jrmn dI iksy hor PyrI smyN afnMd jI qy Aurimlf jI sfzy kol phuMc gey . dUsry idn asIN hflYNz joigMdr bfT kol jfxf sI, jo sfQoN isrP svf ku sO iklomItr dUr hY. asIN gey, joigMdr bfT dy prvfr smyq hflYNz dy kuwJ ielfky dI pYV nwpI. EQy dI durlBqf dy drsLx krny sn. ieh hY smuMdr dy ivcoN 30 iklomItr lMbI bxfeI dohrI hfeI vy. ies sVk dy iek pfsy Kfrf smuMdr hY qy dUjy pfsy imwTf pfxI. ieh ajUby vrgI gwl hY. afnMd horF dy imlfpVy suBfa dI Jlk asIN ies rsqy jFidaF vI vyKI. ies sVky jFidaf awD ivc jf ky iek QF rukx vfsqy hY. hor sYlfnIaF vFg asIN vI AuWQy ruky ijWQy ies sVk dy inrmfx bfry vI pUrI jfxkfrI ilKI hoeI hY. jdoN asIN ieh sB dyK hI rhy sF qF AuWQy pfiksqfnI (lihMdy) pMjfb qoN iek prvfr vI sI. jdoN AunHF dy bol suxy qF afnMd horI Jwt dyxI AunHF kol jf ky AunHF nfl gwlIN jut gey. pfiksqfn, lfhOr dIaF moh BrIaF gwlF ikMnf hI icr krdy rhy ijvyN Auh koeI ienHF dy afpxy, sky hox. swcmuwc ieh vI vyKxXog hI sI. ijwQy vI iksy pfiksqfnI nUM dyKdy qF jrUr kuwJ puwCdy. AunHF dy kihx anusfr purfxI sFJ jfg pYNdI hY``.

         iek Kfs gwl ies PyrI dOrfn vfprI ik dUsry idn jdoN asIN hflYNz qoN jrmnI nUM vfps prq rhy sI ajy hflYNz-jrmnI df bfrzr  twpy hI sI ik acfnk pulIs vfilaF ny sfnUM cYWk krn vfsqy rok ilaf. ho skdf hY afnMd sfihb dI pgVI dyK ky roikaf hovy ( AuNj XUrp ivc iPridaF afm krky mulkF dy bfrzrF qy cYikMg nhIN huMdI). pulIs vfly ny  hYlo qoN bfad myrf pihcfx pwqr aqy zrfeIivMg lfiesYNs mMigaf. mY afpxy mMgy gey pypr dy idwqy. dyKx qoN bfad Auhny DMnvfd kih ky vfps kr idwqy. Pyr pulIs vfilaF ny afnMd jI qy Aurimlf jI dy pihcfx pwqr mMgy. jdoN mYN pfsport dyx vfsqy ikhf qF afnMd jI kihx lwgy ik Auh qF asIN nfl lY ky nhIN afey, ivsfKy dy Gr sMBfl ky rwK afey hF. afnMd sfihb kihx ik pulIs vfilaF nUM myry bfry dws jF Pyr ieMzIan aMbYsI qoN myry bfry pqf kr lYx. mYN ikhf ik ieh ieMzIaf nhIN, jrmnI hY. pihlF ieh quhfzy pihcfx pwqr (pfsport) mMgdy hn Pyr aglI gwl krngy. mYN pulIs vfilaF nUM sfrI gwl dwsI. pulIs vfilaF ikhf ik ieh jdoN ieMzIaf qoN iewQy afey qF ikhVy eyarport qy AuWqry hn, asIN EQoN pqf kr lYNdy hF. pr afnMd horF ny dwisaf ik Auh qF idwlI qoN pYirs afey hn. ies krky jrmnI dI pulIs dy vsoN bfhrI gwl hoeI. AunHF sfnUM ikhf ik sfzI kfr dy ipwCy afpxI kfr lfAu quhfnUM pulIs  stysLn jfxf pvygf. asIN AunHF dy ipwCy ipwCy gurUnfE dy pulIs stysLn phuMc gey, jo joigMdr bfT dy Gr qoN kuwJ ku hI iklomItr dI dUrI `qy jrmnI df pulIs stysLn hY.

          pulIs stysLn phuMc ky, pulIs mulfjLm sfnUM kursIaF qy ibTf ky afp afpxy sInIar nfl gwlbfq krn cly gey. Pyr AunHF sfnUM iek qrIkf dwisaf ik qusIN afpxy Es swjx nUM ijwQy ienHF dy pihcfx pwqr/pfsport pey hn nUM Pon krky kho ik Auh ienHF (afnMd jI qy Aurimlf jI) dy pfsport aqy iewQoN dy vIjLy dI Poto kfpI afpxy iksy nyVly pulIs stysLn rfhIN sfzy qwk phuMcfAux. mYN ivsfKf isMG nUM Pon kIqf Auh Gr nhIN sI. Pyr Ausdy mobfiel rfhIN koisLsL kIqI qy Auh iml ipaf qy Aus vyly Auh iksy mfrkIt ivc Gr vfsqy Kfx-pIx df smfn KrId irhf sI. mYN sfrI gwl dwsI. Aurimlf jI ny AunHF nUM dws idwqf ik sfry kfgLjL-pwqr ikwQy hn.

            iewQy pulIs stysLn dy aMdr bYiTaF afnMd sfihb kdy bYT jfx, kdy tihlx lwg pYx.  Aurimlf jI kihx dyK lY kyhr sLrIPL AuNj ienHF nUM QoVHI dyr bfad pysLfb krn jfxf pYNdf hY, hux pqf nhIN ikwDr igaf`. jdoN asIN pulIs stysLn bYTy sI qF ijhVy pulIs vfly sfnUM bfrzr qoN lY ky afey sn Auh kihx ik sfzI izAUtI df smF Kqm ho irhf hY, jy kuwJ smyN ivc PYks nf afeI qF sfnUM ienHF nUM hvflfq ivc zwkxf pvygf. mYN AunHF nfl gwl krky afnMd horF bfry dwisaf aqy bynqI kIqI ik sfzf dosq kuwJ imMtF ivc hI iksy pulIs stysLn rfhIN pypr iewQy Byj dyvygf. Aus Bly pulIs vfly ny gwl smJ leI. iek gwl jo vfr vfr myry mn ivc af rhI sI ik afnMd sfihb bfhrly mulkIN GuMmdy rihMdy hn, ienHF nUM pqf hY ik afpxf pihcfx pwqr afpxy kol hoxf cfhIdf hY. pr ieh iewQy ibnF pfsport ikvyN qury iPrdy hn. afnMd sfihb kihx lwgy asIN soicaf ik clo afpixaF kol hI jfxf hY`. ieh vI Xfd rwKx vflI gwl hY ik jrmnI ivc hr iksy nUM hr vyly afpxf pihcfx pwqr afpxy kol rwKxf pYNdf hY. sfzIaF AuzIkF dIaF GVIaF cwl rhIaF sn AuWDr ivsfKf isMG dI dOV-Bwj sLurU sI. ivsfKy ny afpxy iksy dosq nUM nfl ilaf, pfsport bgYrf lY ky nyVy dy pulIs stysLn jf ky sfrI gwl dwsI. AunHF pypr lY ky pfsport aqy vIijLaF dIaF Poto kfpIaF ijWQy asIN bYTy sF Aus pulIs stysLn nUM Byj idwqIaF. ies qrHF pulIs vfilaF QoVf ijhf jurmfnf krky sfnUM jfx idwqf. ieh vI jrmnI dI kfnUMnI ivDf hY ik jy quhfzf pihcfx pwqr quhfzy kol nf hovy qF iPridaF-quridaF (hr jrmn nUM vI) jurmfnf ho skdf hY.

         afnMd horF nfl iPridaF sihjy hI bhuq kuwJ iswiKaf jf skdf hY. asIN XUrp d sB qoN purfxy igrjy nUM dyKx gey. jo sfzy sLihroN kfr rfhIN GMty ku dI vft hY. klon dy ies igrjy nUM dunIaF Br qoN bhuq vwzI igxqI ivc tUirst dyKx afAuNdy hn . ies igrjy dy awgy bhuq sfry isafsI, smfjI, Dfrimk, amn dy cfhvfn, jMg dy ivroDI afid Coty vwzy DVy/jQybMdIaF afpxy msilaF nUM lY ky jF pRcfr ihq numfiesLF lfAuNdy aqy pRcfr krdy sfihq/duvrkIaF/cuvrkIaF vMzdy rihMdy hn qF ik AuWQy afAux vfly bhuq sfry bfhrly lokF aqy mIzIaf rfhIN afpxI gwl phuMcf skx. jdoN asIN AuWQy gey qF sMsfr amn jQybMdI nfl sbMDq lok kwpVy dI iek bhuq lMbI kMD jhI bxfeI dunIaF aMdr inAUkilafeI hiQafrF dy ivroD ivc aqy dunIaF dy aMdr amn kfiem krn vflI apIl AuWpr dsqKq krvf rhy sn, jo XU[ aYn[ E[ nUM ByjI jfxI sI. lok afAuNdy  qy hr koeI afpo-afpxI jubfn ivc sunyhf ilK irhf sI. afnMd horI kihMdy afpxf sunyhf vI ilKo. jdoN mYN Aus kwpVy `qy pMjfbI ivc sunyhf ilK irhf sI ik sfrI dunIaF aMdroN inAUkilafeI hiQafr Kqm kIqy jfx ijs nfl mulkF dy drimafn lVfeIaF-JgVy muwk jfx aqy asIN sMsfr ivc amn-sLFqI dI lihr dy vDx-Pulx dI kfmnf krdy hF`` jdoN sunyhf ilKidaF ajy mYN vDx hI iliKaf sI qF kfmryz afnMd horIN kol hI sn qF kihMdy Pulx vfly PwPy `qy aWDk nhIN pYxf. afpxI BfsLf bfry sjwg ivdvfn ikMny ku hn sfzy kol ik iksy ilKdy hoey nUM agfAUN hI sucyq kr dyx? AudoN qoN awj qwk zyZ dhfky qoN vwD sfl bIq gey hn jdoN vI koeI ies rONa ivc ienHF sLbdF vDx-Pulx`

 jF vDy-Puly` vfly PwPy `qy awDk pfieaf vyKdf hF qF afnMd horIN Xfd af jFdy hn. ieh vI Xfd rwiKaf jfvy ik sfzy pMjfbI dy afm lyKkF aqy pwqrkfrF dI qF gwl hI Cwzo bhuq sfry sfihqk zfktr` vI BfsLfeI srokfrF qoN axjfx hI jfpdy hn.

          iewQy mYnUM Xfd af irhf hY, iek vfr afnMd horF nfl sPr kridaF asIN kfr ivc ikDry jf rhy sF ik gwl iksy qrHF ho rhIaF sfihqk zfktrIaF dI sLurU ho geI. afnMd horIN jfxdy hoey vI aYvyN hI puwCx lwgy beI afKr ieh krdy kI hn ? mYN ikhf jI, suxINdf hY ik ieh iksy ivsLy bfry zUMGI Koj krdy hn. nvIaF DfrnfvF rfhIN nvy iswty kwZdy hn afid. Auh Pyr puwCx lwgy, - kI ieh ho irhf hY pMjfbI ivc? mYN afpxI jfxkfrI anusfr nFh ivc isr Pyiraf qF afnMd horIN ies bfry afpxy BxoeIey kohlI sfihb dy hvfly nfl pIaYc zI bfry bhuq sfrIaF gwlF suxfeIaF. kohlI horIN pMjfb  XUnIvristI qoN pMjfbI dy iksy ivsLy bfry pIaYc zI krn vfly pihly ivdvfn sn. ies bhfny iksy mfVI jhI iCVI gwl qoN pMjfbI dI iksy kfnPrMs ivc idwqf jfx ijMnf lMbf BfsLx AunHF ny dy Cwizaf. gwlF ieh vI hoeIaF ik pMjfbI BfsLf dy aKOqI ivdvfnF vloN afpxI BfsLf df muhFdrf ikvyN ivgfiVaf jf irhf hY. afnMd horF dI pMjfbI bolI, BfsLf, sfihq aqy swiBafcfrk pihlUaF bfry iPkrmMdI bfry kIqIaF gwlF mYN Aus idn qoN afpxy lV bMnH leIaF.

kfsL! ik Aus idn acfnk khIaF Auh ivdvqf BrpUr, bhumuwlIaF gwlF mYN rIkfrz kIqIaF huMdIaF.

         pMjfbI jLubfn bfry qF afnMd horF df iswkf mMnxf pYNdf hY. Auh hr sLbd nUM ilKx-bolx qoN pihlF bhuq GoKdy hn. aOKy sLbdF nUM nvyN rUp `c sOKf bxf ky pysL krdy hn. pMjfbI pwqrkfrI dy Kyqr ivc afnMd horF vloN ilKI jFdI nvF jLmfnf` dI sMpfdkI pMjfbI adb dy mhFrQIaF nUM vI sfihqk syD dyx vflI rhI hY. ies sbMD ivc hor keIaF nfl aqy pMjfbI dy AuWGy pwqrkfr (aqy kvI) hrBjn hlvfrvI nfl bhuq vfrI myrI gwl hoeI qy Auh kihMdf sI ik prdysF ivc ijwQy vI jfeIdf AunHF dosqF dy GrF ivc pMjfbI df nvF jLmfnf` aKbfr jrUr imldf. ieh sLfied kfmryz afnMd dI pRfpqI hY. iksy nUM ijMnf mrjLI toh ky vyKo Auh nvF jLmfnf` dI QF hor aKbfr luafAux leI mMndf nhIN. hflFik nvF jLmfnf` sflfnf cMdy dy pYsy vI bfkI aKbfrF qoN vwD lYNdf hY. Pyr Auh kihMdf clo! BfvyN Auh afnMd bfry bhuq Bfvk hI hn pr ies bhfny afpxy lok Kwby pwKI soc nfl qF juVy hoey hn.

        iewQy mYN iek gwl hor krnI hY ik afnMd sfihb ny bfhrlIaF sfihqk rcnfvF dy keI anuvfd kIqy hn.  vFdf vfsIilAUskf dI sqrMgI pING`,  jUlIas iPAUck dI PFsI dy qKqy qoN`, jrmnI nfl sbMDq  brUno apiqjL dI biGafVF dy vws`  ieh anuvfdq pusqkF PfsLIvfd dy KUnI ichry dI iBaMkrqf pysL krdIaF hn- afnMd horF vloN kfPI sfry hor anuvfd vI kIqy gey. pMjfbI ivc bhuq sfrIaF ikqfbF vfieaf aMGryjLI hI anuvfd hoeIaF hn. ies krky sLbdF  `c keI vfr glqI rVkdI hY. ieh Aus vyly rVkdI hY jdoN anuvfd pVHn vflf ilKI geI ikqfb dI mU BfsLf qoN vfikP hovy. ieh ilKx aqy bolx vfly Aucfrx dI smwisaf vI hY- anuvfdkF nUM ies pfsy sucyq hoxf cfhIdf hY.

       ieMtrnYt vfly afn-lfeIn vfly Xuwg qoN pihlF pMjfbI aKbfrF ivcoN nvF jLmfnf` aKbfr hI  sB qoN vwD vsdy pMjfbIaF vloN zfk rfhIN mMgvf ky piVHaf jFdf sI. hux bfkI aKbfrF vFg hI nvF jLmfnf` vI afn lfeIn piVHaf jf skdf hY pr Pyr vI dysL ivc aqy dysLoN bfhr vsdy kfPI sfry pMjfbI ipRMt aYzIsLn mMgvf ky pVdy hn (Kfs krky aYqvfrqf). nvF jLmfnf` sfzI pihcfx vI hY qy sfzf mfx vI hY. ieh sB kuwJ jgjIq isMG afnMd horF dy afpxy isDFq pRqI isdk aqy isrV df pRqwK pRmfx hY.

 

 


XfdF
hy Bgvfn plIjL! myry pfpf nUM kuwJ nf hox dyxf! - rcnf Xfdv


anuvfd kyhr sLrIPL


ilKx vfsqy qF bhuq kuwJ hY, pr smJ nhIN af rhI ik kI ilKF qy kI CwzF. bhuq sfry lokF ny kfPI kuwJ ilK vI idwqf hY. koisLsL krdI hF ik kuwJ afKrI sflF dy anuBvF nUM bhuq sMKyp ivc ilKF.
ijs Aumr ivc bwicaF nUM afpxy ipAu df ipafr, dyK-Bfl, surwiKaf aqy sihXog afid imldf hY mYN bcpn ivc ies sB kuwJ qoN swKxI rhI. AudoN pfpf nfl myrf ieMnf hI irsLqf irhf, mYN jfxdI sI ik ieh myry ipqf hn, ijhVy jnm idn `qy mYnUM qohPy idMdy hn, kdy kdy hfsf-mjLfk vI krdy hn aqy bs. ies qoN ibnF qF hor kuwJ hY hI nhIN sI. pfpf dI afpxI dunIaF sI ijs ivc AunHF dIaF ikqfbF aqy pVHnf sI. gwp-sLwp vfsqy bhuq sfry imwqr sn. gosLtIaF qy bhuq sfry sfihqk smfgm sn aqy AunHF vloN iekwilaF smyN smyN Xfqrf krnf. AunHF dI ies Kfs inwjI dunIaF ivc pirvfr aqy pirvfr vfilaF vfsqy qF QF hI koeI nhIN sI. hF, mMmI jrUr AunHF dI ies dunIaF ivc dfKl ho skdI sI pr isrP lyKkf dy rUp ivc pqnI dy rUp ivc qF Auhdf dfKl hoxf vI aOKf hI sI. ies sMdrB ivc jdoN qwk Auh nfl rhI Auhny ikhVy ikhVy duwK Jwly AusdI vI kfPI sfrI jfxkfrI mYnUM hY. pr pfpf ijho jhy sn ijLMdgI Br Auho jhy hI rhy ikAuNik nf qF Auh afpxy afp nUM bdl skdy sn aqy nf hI bdlxf AunHF nUM svIkfr hI sI. iensfn bdly qF jy Auh smJy ik Auh kuwJ glq kr irhf hY [[[[[ pfpf qF jo kuwJ vI krdy sn Auh pUrI lgn/qndyhI nfl krdy sn ikAuNik Aus ivc AunHF df pUrf ivsLvfs huMdf sI. qusIN ijMnf cfho kosdy rho qy burf-Blf kihMdy rho AunHF nUM rwqI Br vI bdl nhIN skdy. Auh aKIr qwk AuvyN hI bxy rhy. bs! aijhy hI sn myry pfpf.
bcpn ivc pfpf dI lfpRvfhI mYnUM AunHF qoN dUr hI nhIN lY geI blik hOlI hOlI afpxI iek vwKrI hI dunIaF bxf leI jo Aumr dy nfl nfl vDdI aqy bdldI rhI.
prMqU kuwJ sfl pihlF hflqF kuwJ bdlIaF. ikAuN bdlIaF, ies df koeI iek kfrn jF Gtnf Xfd nhIN af rhI. Aumr dy bIqx nfl irsLiqaF dI aihmIaq AunHF nUM smJ afAux lwgI sI. jF Pyr pihlI vfr (1998) gMBIr bImfrI ivc gRisaf hox krky hspqfl aMdr shfieqfhIx ipaf dyiKaf qF Aus idRsL ny mYnUM QoVf JMjoV idwqf. jo vI hovy ieh myry hI ipqf hn aqy mYN ienHF dI ieklOqI DI. awj qwk AunHF ny myQoN kuwJ nhIN mMigaf, koeI afs nhIN kIqI, iesdf mqlb ieh qF nhIN ik mYN vI pfsf vwt lvF.
kuwJ lokF ny aijhI aPvfh PYlf idwqI ik rfjyNdr Xfdv nUM sLfied kYNsr hY aqy bcxf musLkl hY. ieh sux ky mYN ieMnf Gbrf geI ik mn ivc vfr vfr ieh hI boldI rhI hy Bgvfn plIjL! myry pfpf nUM kuwJ nf hox dyxf!`` myry pfpf` vflI Bfvnf df aihsfs vI nvF hI sI.
sLfied ies smyN dy nyVy-qyVy sfzy ivckfr Pyr iek irsLqf bxnf sLurU hoieaf. imlxf qF ajy vI Gwt hI sI, Pon `qy hPqy ivc gwl vI sLfied iek jF do vfr hI huMdI sI pr kuwJ Prk af igaf sI, afpxwq pYdf ho geI sI. hfl-cfl puwCxf, Kfx-pIx df lgfqfr iDafn rKvfAuxf, zfktrF nfl gwl-bfq krnI ieh sB KfnfpUrqI nf ho ky myrI ijLMdgI df mhwqvpUrn ihwsf bxdf jf irhf sI.
pfpf dy jIvn ivc vI qbdIlI af rhI sI. mfierf-mfhI df hfl-cfl jfnx dI KfihsL. jdoN kdy mYN bImfr huMdI qF hr rojL Pon krky puwCxf, idnysL nfl vI lgfqfr gwlbfq krdy rihxf.
anuBv nvF sI pr cMgf lwg irhf sI. clo, ies Aumr ivc ipqf bxnf iswK rhy hn, pfpf. kfsL ieh sB AudoN huMdf jdoN mYN AunHF dy nfl rihMdI sI. KYLr [[[ hux hI shI [[[[[[[
pfpf dy sbMD ivc qusIN sfry jfxdy hI ho, jo qusIN socdy ho ik hoxf cfhIdf hY, ijs dI qusIN AunHF qoN AumId rwKdy ho, AusqoN ibnF sB kuwJ huMdf hY. bs, Auh hI myry nfl vI hoieaf.
pfpf dIaF srgrmIaF ivc rucI lYx df nqIjf hr dUsry idn iksLn (ijsnUM Auh myrf jsUs kihMdy sn) df Pon dIdI bfbU jI TIk qrHF Kfxf nhIN Kf rhy . pfeIp Gwt nhIN kr rhy, iqMn idn qoN lgfqfr dfrU pI rhy hn [[[[[[`` afid , kuwJ aijhy lihjLy ivc ijvyN sLfm nUM myry Gr afAux `qy jXf (myrIaF DIaF dI dyK-Bfl krn vflI bIbI) mYnUM dwsdI, dIdI awj mfierf ny Kfxf nhIN KfDHf, mfhI sfrf idn brP KFdI hY.``
jdoN smyN nfl ieh islislf vDdf igaf qF mYN smJ geI ik ies Pyr qoN bxy irsLqy aMdr, ijs ivc mYN afpxy ipqf nUM Bf rhI sI mYN Pyr Aus anuBv qoN swKxI /aDUrI rih geI aqy ies irsLqy ny idwqf mYnUM myrf qIsrf bwcf iek pJMqr sfl df bwcf. Prk isrP ieMnf sI ik mfierf-mfhI nUM iJVkx nfl ieh sLfied pwkf sI ik Auh ies glqI nUM nhIN duhrfAuxgIaF. pfpf vloN aijhI koeI grMtI nhIN sI.
iqMn sfl pihlF Pyr iek qkVI bImfrI df dOr- hspqflF dy cwkr. aqy ies vfr qF aijhI hflq ho geI mihsUs ho irhf sI hux nhIN vfps prqxgy. mYN qF afpxy mn nUM qkVf krnf vI sLurU kr idwqf sI pr ijvyN inrmlf mfsI (zf: inrmlf jYn) ny ihMdI Bvn `c ikhf ik rfjyNdr bImfrI nUM qF itwc jfxdy sn`` bImfrI AunFH nUM kI itkfxy lfAuNdI AunHF ny bImfrI nUM hI itkfxy lf idwqf- pfpf vfps afey. vfps hI nhIN hor bcpny nfl vfps afey. ies vfr zfktrF ny sKqI nfl kih idwqf sI ik jy isgrtF nf CwzIaF qF TIk hoxf asMBv hY. iksLn ny qF hwQ KVHy kr idwqy ik iekwlf Auh nhIN sMBfl skygf. AunHF nUM isgrt pIx qoN rokxf Aus dy vs qoN bfhr hY. imlx afAux vfly lokF qoN isgrtF mMgvF lYNdy hn qy isrhfxy hyT lukf lYNdy hn aqy jdoN vI iekwly hox qF pIx lgdy hn.
PYslf ieh hoieaf ik pfpf nUM hspqfl qoN iswDf myry Gr lYjfieaf jfvygf. AuWQy sLfied ibhqr ingrfnI rwKI jf sky. pfpf nUM pUrI qrHF TIk krnf ijvyN mYN afpxf imsLn`` bxf ilaf sI qF mYN qn-mn nfl ies pfsy jut geI. iksLn aqy hspqfl qoN afieaf iek bMdf (nrs) ies kMm ivc myry sihXogI sn. pr imsLn hovygf sfzf [[[[[[ pfpf ny qF Auh hI kuwJ krnf sI jo AunHF df mn krdf sI. Auh hI bcpny vflIaF hrkqF, Kfx pIx nUM lY ky JgVf. iksy qrHF vI isgrt df iek sUtf lfAux dI koisLsL. ies sB dy bfvjUd iksy qrHF krdy-krfAuNdy AunHF nUM kuwJ qMdrusq krky Gr Byj idwqf.
ies Gtnf qoN bfad kuwJ aijhf Brm PYl igaf ik pfpf sLfied myrI gwl suxdy hn aqy myrI idwqI iJVk AunHF nUM kfbU ivc kr lYNdI hY.
myrf nfm kuwJ aijhy ZMg nfl vriqaf jfx lwgf ijvyN iek mF afpxy bwcy nUM zrfAuNdI hY ik bytf sON jf nhIN qF gwbr af jfeygf``- Pyr iksLn hovy, bInf dIdI jF vyddfn kfkf (cfcf) Auh pfpf qoN koeI gwl mnvfAux leI DmkI idMdy ieh kro, nf kro, nhIN qF asIN itMkU nUM Pon kr idaFgy.`` ienHF lokF dy dwsx anusfr ieh nusKf kMm kr jFdf sI. pr myrf pwkf ivsLvfs hY ik Aus smyN ienHF sfry lokF (jsUsF) qoN KihVf CuzfAux leI Auh gwl mMn jfx df nftk ijhf hI krdy sn aqy mOkf imlidaF hI Auh, AuhI hrkq krdy jo iksy qrHF AunHF leI vrijq sI.
ies Brm krky gwl hux isrP iksLn qwk hI nhIN rhI sI. hux qF ijsnUM vI pfpf qoN koeI gwl mnvfAuxI huMdI jF pfpf qwk phuMcfAuxI huMdI Auh hI mYnUM Pon kr idMdf. isLkfieqF sihq, suJfvF sihq, DmkIaF sihq aqy sLuBieCfvF nfl. hux myry idn dy kfr-ivhfr ivcoN iek-awDf GMtf pfpf mYnjmYNt`` dy lyKy lwg jFdf.
rfjyNdr jI nUM smJfAu, ieh TIk nhIN hY [[[[``
bytf, pfpf nUM smJfAu ik afpxI ishq df QoVHf iKafl rwKx [[[ ``
dIdI, bfbU jI svyry rfb (gMny dI rs qoN bxI anu:) nhIN pINdy mYN ilafAuNdf hF qF mYnUM
iJVkdy hn [[``
rfjyNdr jI myry bfry ies qrHF ikvyN ilK skdy hn ? ieh qF srfsr glq hY [[[``
mYN afpxI khfxI ByjI hY ikrpf krky qusIN Xfdv sfihb nUM AusnUM hMs` ivc Cfpx dI bynqI
kr dyxI [[[[[``
rfjyNdr jI nUM aijhy lokF qoN dUrI bxf ky rwKxI cfhIdI hY, qUM AunHF nUM smJfAuNdI ikAuN nhIN[``
rfjyNdr jI nfl iek Poto iKcvfAux dI bhuq qmMnf hY, plIjL ieh sMBv krvf idAu [[[[[``
aqy Pyr kuwJ icMqfjnk Pon
dIdI, Gr ivc pulIs af geI hY [[[[[``
dIdI, bfbU jI dI gwzI nUM sVk ivc rok ky kuwJ lok AunHF nUM pRysLfn kr rhy hn.``
rfjyNdr jI aijhf ikvyN ilK skdy hn? mYN kys kr idaFgf, CwzFgf nhIN [[[[``
mYN aksr Gbrf jFdI, iPkrmMd ho jFdI , pRysLfnI ivc pY jFdI. ieWDr-EDr Pon Gumf ky do cfr hor dosqF nUM vI pRysLfn kr idMdI. sLrmf jI (AunHF dy bhuq hI Bly guaFZI jo AunHF nUM ipqf vFg hI mMndy
sn) qoN mwdd mMgdI. BVky hoey lokF nUM sLFq krn dI koisLsL krdI. rfq-brfqy guVgfAuN dy imAUr ivhfr vwl BwjdI. sMKyp ivc ikhf jfvy qF krfeIiss mYnjmYNt`` ivc lwg jFdI.``
pr ies sfrI dOV-Bwj aqy rOy-rwpy ivc jdoN pfpf nUM gOqm buwD vrgI mudrf ivc vyKdI qF mYN hor vI iKJ jFdI. nf koeI icMqf, nf koeI zr, koeI Gbrfht nhIN ijvyN kuwJ hoieaf hI nf hovy. kuwJ aijhy ZMg nfl ijvyN iek Cotf anjfx bwcf bdmfsLI krky qoV PoV krn qoN mgroN iek KUMjy ivc jf ky bYT jFdf hY mF afpxy afp sMBflygI, iKlry hoey tukVy cuwkygI, mYN qF jo krnf sI Auh mYN kr idqf. jy qusI pRYsLfn ho rhy ho qF afp hI sMBflo`` kuwJ aijhy Bfv nfl cuwp krky bYT jFdy jF Pyr afrfm nfl sON jFdy.
AunHF dIaF aijhIaF hrkqF nfl AunHF `qy guwsf qF bhuq afAuNdf. lgdf ik mfier qy mfhI qF ies bwcy dy mukfbly bhuq afsfnI nfl p geIaF hn.
jdoN vI Pon vwjdf qy iksLn df nfm PlYsL huMdf ajIb jhI sLMkf nfl mn Br jFdf, hux kI kr idwqf pfpf ny ? hux hor ikhVf nvF qmfsLf?
pr swc qF ieh hY ik nyVqf df boD vI vDdf jf irhf sI pfpf dy jIvn nfl bhuq juV geI sI mYN. iKJ dy nfl nfl hfsf vI afAuNdf qy ipafr vI.
Aus dOr aqy ipCly pMj Cy sflF dy dOrfn ieh vI jfixaf ik pfpf dy ijMny dusLmx hn Aus qoN ikDry ijLafdf AunHF nUM cfhux vfly hn. jy koeI dusLmx AunHF qy dosLF dI JVI lfAuNdf qF AunHF dy pRsLMsk Zf bxky KVHy ho jFdy. pr pfpf df rvweIaf dohF vwl ieko ijhf. nf iksy vloN lfey dosL AunHF nUM bycYn krdy aqy nf hI iksy dI pRsLMsf KusL krdI. AunHF dI iek hI pRqIikRaf huMdI - lwgy rho qusIN lok afpo afpxy ZMg nfl mYN qF Pyr vI Auh hI krFgf jo mYN krnf hY.
ies qrHF jdoN Aus rfq lwgBg igafrF vjy myrf mobfiel vwijaf aqy iksLn df nfm PlYsL hoieaf qF idmfg ivc pihlf iKafl ieh hI afieaf hux, awj kI nvF Bfxf vrqf idwqf pfpf ny?``
Bfxf qF ies vfr vI vrqfieaf qy ieMnf vwzf ik ijs dI AumId hI koeI nhIN sI. vwzIaF vwzIaF bImfrIaF nUM Jwl ky mOq nUM itwc smJx vfly pfpf ies vfr ibnf iksy bImfrI qoN mOq dy nfl cly gey aqy ipWCy Cwz gey AuhI afpxf iKlfrf [[[[ awDy aDUry kMm, motIaF motIaF zfierIaF, aDUry nfvlF dy KrVy aqy 27 sfl qoN cwl rhI cricq, mfxmwqI, ivvfd BrpUr pwiqRkf hMs`` kuwJ ies qrHF ik hux smyto afpxy afp.``
so, dosqo - hux mYN zt geI hF Pyr AunHf dy iKlfry nUM smytx leI hMs` nfl juVy sfry hI kfrj krn vfilaF, imwqrF, sLuBicMqkF dy pUry pUry sihXog nfl. hF, Prk isrP ieMnf hY ik ies vfr dy PYlfAu df koeI aMq nhIN hY- ieh qF pIVHI dr pIVHI cwlx vflf PYlfa hY.
[[[[[ hF, Prk ieh vI hY ik ies vfr Bfxf vrqx `qy nf iksy dI nrfjLgI dy Pon afey, nf hI iksLn ny afpxIaF isLkfieqF dI potlI KolHI.
hux jdoN vI Pon vwjdf hY aqy iksLn df nfm PlYsL huMdf hY qF mn ivc koeI Gbrfht nhIN huMdI. hF, nf cfhuMidaF hoieaF vI awKF ivcoN do hMJU jLrUr izg pYNdy hn [[[[[[[[[

pfpf dy nfm KuwlHf KLq - iek

qusIN mYnUM iek-do vfr ikhf sI ik mYN quhfzIaF cIjLF sbMDI smJF. quhfzy bfad sfzf sB df kI hovygf. quhfzy nfl bYT ky PYslf krF. ijs idn qusIN afpxI vsIaq ilKvfeI sI Aus idn vI quhfzI iewCf sI ik mYN afvF qy myry sfhmxy hI qusIN Auh ilKvfAu.
pr nf mYN Aus idn afeI aqy nf hI kdIN quhfzy nfl iekFq ivc bYTky quhfQoN sfrIaF cIjLF smJx dI koisLsL kIqI. ies krky nhIN ik mYN ikDry rwuJI hoeI sI jF myrI quhfzy iksy kMm ivc idlcspI nhIN sI. isrP ies krky ik mYN quhfzy nf rihx` dI gwl df sfhmxf qwk nhIN sI krnf cfhuMdI. myry ihsfb nfl ieh lwgBg asMBv sI sfzy aMdr ieh iek ajIb Bfvnf bx geI huMdI hY ik aMdr hI aMdr asIN afpxy afp nUM ieh ivsLvfs duaf idMdy hF ik mfqf ipqf qF dUijaF dy jFdy hn sfzy mfqf ipqf qF hmysLf sfzy nfl hI rihxgy. mYN vI kuwJ aijhI Bfvnf nfl hI jIa rhI sI aqy iksy vI aijhI cIjL dy sfhmxy nhIN sI hoxf cfhuMdI jo iKwc ky mYnUM XQfrQ dy sfhmxy lY jfvy aqy vsIaq vrgIaF cIjLF ivc idlcspI ivKfAux df qF mqlb hI iksy hor rUp ivc ilaf jf skdf hY - ieh qF AuzIk hI kr rhI hY ik ipqf jI cly jfx qy ieh afpxf hwk jmfvy.``


bs! ienHF hI sfrIaF AulJxF ivc PsI mYN quhfzy kihx `qy vI nhIN geI aqy nf mYN quhfQoN kdIN ies dI ivsQfr pUrbk jfxkfrI leI, jo qusIN afpxy afp QoVHf-bhuq dws idwqf, Auh sux ilaf.
mYnUM qF ieh vI nhIN pqf sI ik qusIN afpxy aMiqm sskfr df qrIkfkfr vI ilK ky gey ho. mYN qF Auh hI kIqf jo mYnUM TIk lwgf. nhIN TIk lwgf` kihxf glq hovygf ikAuNik TIk qF kuwJ vI nhIN lwg irhf sI. afpxI vsIaq ivc qusIN ieh iewCf jLfihr kIqI sI ik quhfzy imqRk srIr nUM iksy hspqfl nUM dfn kr idwqf jfvy aqy Pyr ibnf iksy rIqI-irvfjL dy ibjlI nfl dfh sskfr kr idwqf jfvy. pr iek qF mYnUM ies df koeI igafn nhIN sI dUsrf ik iksy afpxy dy sskfr krn vfly pRbMD krn df myrf pihlf anuBv sI. socx dI sLkqI qF ijvyN Kqm hI ho geI sI aqy soc-smJ dI aijhI suMn siQqI ivc pMizqF dy khy anusfr cldI rhI, jo AunHF ny ikhf mYN krdI rhI iksy robyt dI qrHF. soicaf hI nf ik qusIN ies sB kuwJ dy ikMnf ivruwD sI jo huMdf igaf bs Ausdy nfl nfl qurI rhI. bhuq sfry rIqI-irvfjL vI hoey- icqf nUM agnI idwqI geI. soc smJ ky mYN isrP iek hI PYslf ilaf ik icqf nUM agnI mY dyvFgI aqy myry nfl iksLn vI hovygf. iksLn ijsny iek puwqr qoN vI vwD quhfzI syvf kIqI. myry ihsfb nfl sLfied myQoN vI vwD quhfzy `qy hwk iksLn df bxdf sI- ho skdf hY myry ies PYsly AuWqy kuwJ lokF nUM ieqrfjL hovy pr ieh gwl mYN ibnf iksy iJjk dy kih skdI hF ik mYnUM hux vI ies PYsly qy koeI aPsos nhIN hY.
quhfzy jfx qoN agly hI idn mYN suixaF (Kud dyiKaf vI) ik iksy ny Pysbuwk `qy quhfzI vsIaq df Auh ihwsf post kIqf ijs ivc qusIN afpxy aMiqm sskfr dI qrIkf iliKaf hoieaf sI aqy pirvfr dy AuWpr quhfnUM DoKf dyx df dosL lfieaf. socdI hF ik ijs vsIaq nUM mYN dyiKaf qwk nhIN sI Auh srvjnk (lokF awgy pysL) ikvyN ho geI! hF kuwJ iek-do nfm idmfg ivc afAuNdy hn ijnHF nUM ies sbMDI jfxkfrI ho skdI hY qF ieh aMdfjLf lfAuxf ieMnf musLikl nhIN ik ieh iksny kIqf hovygf.
KLYr, aMdfjLy dy aDfr `qy iksy df nfm lYxf TIk nhIN hovygf. pr hYrfnI qF mYnUM Aus ivakqI dI soc qy hY jo kuwJ idn qF kI kuwJ GMty vI AuzIk nhIN kr sikaf. sMvydnf nfl pysL afAuxf qF dUr dI gwl hY Ausny qF duwK ivc zuwby pirvfr `qy iswDf vfr kIqf. sLfied quhfnUM ieho jhy lokF nUM brdfsLq krn df cMgf Blf anuBv sI pr myry vfsqy qF iek dm ieh hYrfnI dI gwl sI ik koeI aijhf ikvyN soc skdf hY.
pr eynf jrUr hoieaf ik qurMq hI mYN vkIl koloN kfgjL mMgvf ky AunHF nUM dyiKaf, swcmuwc qusIN afpxy aMiqm sskfr dy qOr-qrIky nUM iliKaf hY. piVHaf qF bhuq sfrIaF BfvnfvF iek dm mYnUM Gyrn lwgIaF hIxqf, duwK, afpxy afp qy kRoD aqy AunHF ivakqIaF dI nIq `qy aPsos/guwsf ijnHF ny quhfzy sLuBicMqk hox df cof pihn ky pirvfr AuWqy dUsLx lfey sn. ieMnf hI iPkr sI qF pihlF hI af ky dws idMdy.
swc qF ieh hY ik axjfxy ivc myQoN bhuq vwzI glqI ho geI. mYN quhfzI afKrI iewCf df pflx nf kr skI aqy ies iek gwl leI mYN AunHF lokF dI sLukrgujLfr hF ik AunHF ny mYnUM qwQF qoN jfxU krvfieaf. kfsL! QoVI inmrqf aqy sMvydnsLIlqf nfl krvfieaf huMdf. pr ies Buwl leI mYN isrP qy isrP quhfQoN hI mfPI mMgxF cfhuMdI hF aqy afs krdI hF ik ijvyN qusIN myrIaF anykF hI CotIaF, vwzIaF glqIaF nUM mfP kIqf hovygf myrI ies glqI nUM vI mfP krn df jqn krogy. jdoN ik ieh vI cMgI qrHF jfxdI hF ik BfvyN qusIN mfP kr vI dyvo pr mYN sfrI Aumr ies aprfD boD hyT dwbI rvFHgI[[[[[[[
gwlF qF bhuq hn jo quhfzy jfx qoN bfad Xfd af rhIaF hn. gwlF jo quhfzy nfl kr skdI sI. muwdy ijnHF bfry quhfzy nfl bihs kr skdI sI, mjLfk kr skdI sI, hws skdI sI. KLYr, sLfied kuwJ gwlF hux aglI vfr [[[[[[[[[[[[[[
quhfzI bytI
itMkU (rcnf)

pfpf dy nfm KuwlHf KLq -2


ieh sB quhfzy rihMdy hoey hoxf cfhIdf sI. mYnUM pqf hY quhfnUM cMgf lgdf. bhuq cMgf lgdf myrf hMs` dy dPqr ivc af ky bYTxf. sfihqk smfgmF ivc jfxf, AunHF ivc ihwsf lYxf jF kdIN lYkcr dyxf, quhfzy bfry vI aqy sfihqk muwidaF bfry vI. jy quhfzy huMidaF mYN ies Kyqr ivc sLfml ho jFdI qF quhfzy nfl JgVy, bihsF qF kfPI huMdIaF pr mjLf afAuNdf.
KLYr aijhf nhIN hoieaf. quhfzy huMidaF mYN ies dunIaF qoN bhuq vwKrI rhI, bhuq dUr. mYnUM Xfd nhIN ik qusIN vI kdy koisLsL kIqI hovy mYnUM ies dunIaF df ihwsf bnfAux vfsqy. bcpn qoN dUr KVHI dyKdI afeI quhfzI ies ajIbo-grIb dunIaF nUM. quhfzIaF ilKx-pVHn dIaF srgrmIaF, imwqr mMzlIaF nfl sfihqk bihsF, gosLtIaF. pr nf hI mYN kdy ies sB kuwJ ivc idlcspI ivKfeI aqy nf hI qusIN myry AuWpr ieh sB kuwJ Qopx dI koisLsL kIqI. mYnUM nhIN Xfd ik sfzy dohF dy ivckfr kdIN sfihqk gwlbfq hoeI hovy. qusIN kI ilK rhy ho, kI soc rhy ho. hMs` bfry quhfzIaF kI XojnfvF hn. ajkl ikhVf nOjvfn lyKk kI ilK irhf hY. ies sB bfry asIN kdy crcf nhIN kIqI. hF, hMs` dy sflfnf smfgm ivc pwky qOr `qy mYN jrUr af jFdI sI. ikAuNik mYnUM pqf sI myrf AuWQy afAuxf quhfnUM cMgf lgdf hY.
AuNj qF mYnUM KusLI hY ik qusIN mYnUM afpxI lfeIn cuxn dI pUrI afjLfdI idwqI. kdy vI afpxIaF KfihsLf myry AuWpr nhIN lwdIaF. pr jy GuMm-iPr ky aKIr nUM iewQy hI afAuxf sI qF mihsUs huMdf hY ik jy myrI sfihqk buinafd mjbUq huMdI qF cIjLF nUM jldI PVdI aqy smJ lYNdI.
hux ies gwl `qy quhfzy nfl JgVf krn leI bhuq idl krdf hY. qusIN ikAuN mYnUM ies dunIaF qoN ieMnf dUr rihx idwqf? hor qF hor qusIN mYnUM aMgryjLI skUl ivc Byijaf. ihMdI BfsLf nfl myrI bygfngI qF iewQoN hI sLurU ho geI sI.
ipwCy jhy hI klkwqy ivKy BfrqI BfsLf pRIsLd dy smfgm ivc mYN ies muwdy nUM AuTfieaf sI. isrP qusIN hI nhIN quhfzI pIVHI dy bhuigxqI vwzy sfihqkfrF ny Kfs krky jo vwzy sLihrF (mhFngrF) ivc af vsy sn afpxy bwicaF nUM aMgryjLI skUlF ivc pVHfieaf. BfvyN Auh kmlysLvr kfkf hox jF rfkysL kfkf jF aijhy hI hor kuwJ sfihqkfr ijnHF dI aglI pIVHI sfihq nfl nhIN juVI. socdI hF ik aijhf ikAuN? afAux vflI pIVHI nUM iqafr krnf qF quhfzI sB dI jLuMmyvfrI sI. AuNj dyiKaf jfvy qusIN qF ieh jLuMmyvfrI KUb inBfeI hY. qusIN qF ieMny nOjvfn lyKkF nUM pRyrnf idwqI hOslf idwqf aqy AuqsLfihq kIqf . AunHF dI ilKx klf nUM isMijaf-sMvfiraf. pr afpxy bwicaF `qy af ky ieh gwl ikAuN ruk geI? kI quhfnUM sfzy sfiraF ivc pRiqBf nhIN njLr nhIN afeI? jF Pyr lyKk hox dy swc qoN Gbrfht sI. iek sPl lyKk jIvn dy hor KyqrF ivc sPl nhIN huMdf BfvyN Auh afrQk hovy, pirvfrk jF smfjk. ieh iek afm bx cuwkI Dfrnf hY. ihMdI dy lyKk dI iek ieMnI itpIkl qsvIr bx geI hY. grIb, bycfrf jLulm BrpUr smfjk byiensfPIaF nfl jUJdf hoieaf afp afpxy bwicaF nUM Aus hflq ivc Zldy hoieaf nhIN dyKxf cfhuMdy sn? sLfied afpxy bwicaF vfsqy quhfnUM ieh hI PfrmUlf tfeIp ijLMdgI hI surwiKaq idsI?
KLYr ieh iek lMbI qy vwKrI bihs df muwdf hY aqy mYN cMgI qrHF jfxdI hF ik jy quhfzy nfl aijhI bihs huMdI qF qusIN ieh hI kihMdy ik qUM Kud hI kdy idlcspI nhIN ivKfeI, sfzy sfihqk Kyqr ivc. QoVHI jhI vI idlcspI lYNdI asIN qF Bwj ky qYnUM sLfml kr lYNdy. gwl qF quhfzI vI TIk hY pr ies sB kuwJ bfry soc-ivcfr, icMqn kdy Pyr krFgI.
hux qF swc ieh hI hY ik qusIN mYnUM ies Kyqr ivc lY hI afey. afpxI kwcI BfsLf aqy QoVHy jhy sfihqk igafn dy nfl mYN ies dunIaF df ihwsf bxn dI koisLsL ivc hF. sbwb dyKo, iksy aYsy-vYsy pwqr-pwiqRkf dI nhIN iswDf hMs` nfl juVky afeI hF.
moiZaF `qy Bfr bhuq hY, bhuq vwzI jLuMmyvfrI. pr dyK rhI hF, smJ rhI hF, iswK rhI hF. sfry lokF df bhuq sihXog hY. Kfs krky hMs` ivc kMm krn vfilaF df.
hux jdoN mYN idn dy do jF iqMn GMty hMs` dy dPqr ivc gujLfrdI hF qF iewQy kMm krn vfilaF bfry afpxI rfie qF quhfnUM dws dyvF. ieh sB qF quhfzy jIvn dy bhuq mhwqvpUrn aqy ipafry ihwsy sn.
dPqr ivc vVidaF hI pihlF vInf dIdI (vInf Einafl) imldI hY. mYN AuhnUM virHaF qoN dyK rhI hF. AunHF dI Aumr ivc koeI qbdIlI nhIN afeI, nf hI AunHF dy suBfa ivc aqy nf hI hMs` aqy quhfzy pRqI BrosymMdI aqy sLrDf Bry ivsLvfs ivc. hMs` dy dPqr pRqI AunHF df rvweIaf kuwJ ies qrHF hY ijvyN iksy GrylU bIbI df afpxy pirvfr dy pRqI. dPqr nUM sUJ nfl clfAux aqy surwiKaf df Bfr Ausny pUry qOr `qy afpxy AuWpr lY ilaf hY. Gwto Gwt Krc ivc dPqr nUM ikvyN clfieaf jfvy. quhfzy smyN qoN clIaF af rhIaF kuwJ prMprfvF nUM ikvyN brkrfr rwiKaf jfvy ies sB kuwJ `qy Auh iqwKI njLr rwKdI hY. ikDry vI koeI gVbV idsy qF pRysLfn ho jFdI hY. iksy GrylU aOrq vFg afpxI dlIl aqy afpxI rfie dwsx vfsqy qurMq KVHI ho jFdI hY aqy mYN AusdI slfh dI loV kdm kdm `qy mihsUs krdI hF.
hfirs jI (hfirs mihmUd) sfzy lyKf pRbMDk qF mYnUM cldf-iPrdf kMipAUtr lgdy hn. AunHF qoN koeI vI jfxkfrI lvo qF Auh ibnf awK JpikaF iek dm dws dyxgy. bYNk bYlYNs BfvyN awj df puwCo jF 1996 mfrc df AunHF dy idmfg ivc pUry 20 sfl dI pfs buwk CpI hoeI hY. qusIN iksy ivakqI df Pon nMbr puwCo jF gwzI df nMbr Auh kdIN glq nhIN huMdy. boldy bhuq Gwt hn pr jdoN boldy hn qF lgdf hY ik qusIN gUgl dI koeI sfeIt KolH idwqI hY. sLfied ies pirvfr dy sB qoN purfxy ivakqI.
iksLn quhfzf syvk, bytf jo vI khIey AuNj qF Auh hMiZaf hoieaf zrfeIvr hY pr hMs` pirvfr df iek aijhf ihwsf hY ijsdI mYN hor iksy QfvyN klpnf vI nhIN kr skdI. hMs` nfl juVy rihx vfsqy Auh zrfeIvrI Cwzx nUM vI iqafr hY. Ausdy ichry dI Bfv-pRqIikRaf bhuq QoVicrI rihx krky kuwJ mMdbuwDI hox df aihsfs idMdf hY. pr hr iek cIjL AusdI njLr ivc rihMdI hY. quhfzI hr gwl qoN ieMnf jfxU hY ik mYnUM hYrfnI huMdI hY. qhfnUM, kOx - kdoN imlx afieaf sI, qusIN ikhVy sfl ivc ikhVI khfxI ilKI sI. ikhVI khfxI ikwQy aqy kdoN CpI sI. qusIN ikhVy ikhVy sfl ivc ikhVI qfrIK nUM iks hspqfl gey sI afid. kyvl jfxkfrI rwKxf hI nhIN AusdI hr muwdy bfry afpxI iek smJ hY ijs nUM awKoN-proKy nhIN kr skdy. cMgI gwl ieh hY ik Auh smyN anusfr afpxy afp nUM bdlx dy leI, nvIaF cIjLF iswKx vfsqy iqafr rihMdf hY.
durgf nUM mYN kdy bhuqf nyiVAuN nhIN jfixaf hux jdoN mYN inscq rUp ivc dPqr afAuNdI hF qF vI nhIN jfx skI ikAuNik Auh dPqr ivc Gwt hI njLr afAuNdf hY. Auh bhuqf bfhr dy kMmF ivc ruwiJaf rihMdf hY asl ivc ikhf jfvy ik sfzy sfiraF ivcoN sB qoN vwD ruwiJaf hoieaf Auh hI rihMdf hY. mYN AusnUM ivhlf bYiTaF kdy nhIN vyiKaf. hux qwk ieMnf hI jfixaf hY ik mYnUM dyKidaF hI Ausdy aMdr iksy typrIkfrzr df btn nwipaf jFdf hY aqy rojL iek sqr boldf hY dIdI, cfh pIAugy? kfPI pIAugy``. KLYr, hOlI hOlI AuhnUM vI jfx jfvFgI. pr ieh qF spsLt hY ik Auh quhfzy nfl aqy hMs` nfl ibnf sLwk bhuq juiVaf hoieaf hY.
ievyN hI nrysL jI, jo hMs` pwiqRkf dy zIjLfeInr hn AunHF nfl vI myrI jfx-pihcfx huxy hI hoeI hY bs! isrP vfkPI hoeI hY. Auh acfnk pRgt huMdy hn, iek do GMty kMipAUtr qy kMm krdy hn, aqy acfnk gfieb.
hux gwl krdy hF afpxy sMgm jI (sMgm pFzy) dI,hMs` dy kfrjkfrI sMpfdk. sMgm jI dI sKsLIaq bhuq lokF qoN vwKrI hY. Auh aijhy ivakqI hn jo awj dy ies kniPAUjLz jIvn (Xuwg) ivc vI blYk aYNz vfeIt ivc hI socdy hn. AunHF dI ivcfrDfrf ivc BMblBUsf( gRy eyrIaf) bhuq Gwt hY. ijwQy asIN sfry gol-mol gwlF ivc lwgy rihMdy hF AuWQy Auh spsLt aqy do-tuwk gwl krdy hn. kdy kdy lokF nUM AunHF df ieh lihjLf cuB vI jFdf hY. pr Auh ies qoN kdy kdy axiBwj hI rihMdy hn. ies krky lgdf hY ik sLfied Auh kUtnIqI dI klf ivc iblkuwl mfihr nhIN hn.
smfjk julm bfry Auh guwsy nfl Bry rihMdy hn aqy smyN smyN afpxI spsLt aqy do tuwk jLubfn ivc ies guwsy/ivroD nUM pysL krdy rihMdy hn. hMs` bfry AunHF dy mn ivc bhuq idlcsp XojnfvF cwldIaF rihMdIaF hn ijnHF nUM bwicaf vflI Auqsukqf/mfsUmIaq nfl Auh sfnUM dwsdy rihMdy hn. ijvyN mYN ikhf ik ik iksy vI Xojnf ivc koeI kniPAUjLn nhIN huMdf. koeI BMblBUsf nhIN huMdf. hr Xojnf df pUrf Kfkf AunHF dI njLr ivc spsLt huMdf hY.
myry vrgy lok qF 90 PIsdI jIvn BMblBUsy ivc hI gujLfr idMdy hn. sMgm jI vrgy ivakqI df sfQ bhuq lfhyvMd sfbq huMdf hY. AunHF nfl gwlbfq krky mYN afpxy kniPAUjLn dUr krdI rihMdI hF
afKr ivc gwl krdy hF sMjy jI (sMjy shfey) bfry. ienHF nfl myrI mulfkfq kuwJ sfl pihlF hoeI sI. AudoN iblkuwl aMdfjLf nhIN sI ik Auh quhfzy ikMny nyVy hn. ijs qrHF quhfzy jIvn ivc afey hr nvyN ichry nUM mYN sLwk dIaF njLrF nfl dyKdI sI Aus qrHF sMjy shfey vI myrI sLwk dy isLkfr ho gey. pr, ijvyN ijvyN mYN AunHF nUM jfixaF qF jldI hI smJ geI ik svfrQIpuxf AunHF dy nyVy-qyVy vI nhIN Auh bhuq hI jYnUan ivakqI hn. KfihsLf qoN prHy, inrsvfrQ aqy sihxsLIl suBfa dy ivakqI hn.
siqXuwg dy invfsI hn sfzy sMjy jI. mYN AunHF nUM kdy vI guwsy ivc jF Bfvk huMdy nhIN dyiKaf. afpxI nrfjLgI vI bhuq sulJy hoey qrIky aqy nrmfeI nfl pysL krdy hn. iek Kfs iksm df ivaMg huMdf hY AunHF dIaF gwlF `c ijs df Auh kdIN kdIN bhuq hI rcnfqmk AupXog krdy hn.
AunHF dI sfihqk pRiqBf dy nfl nfl AunHF dI jo ieh rfjf bytf` vflI idwK hY sLfied Ausny hI quhfnUM AunHF vl iKwicaf hovygf. pr jo vI hY sMjy shfey nUM hMs` df sMpfdk bnfAux dy quhfzy ies PYsly nfl pUrI qrHF sihmq hF.
sB qoN AuWpr bYTy BIsLm ipqfmf df ikrdfr inBfAuNdy hoey vyddfn jI (vyddfn suDIr) jo BfvyN dUr bYTy hn pr njLr iewQy hI gwzI bYTy hn. imwQy hoey smyN anusfr hr mhIny Audypur qoN idwlI afAuNdy hn qy pUrI siQqI nUM prK ky afpxI slfh/suJfa idMdy rihMdy hn.
kI qusIN kdy ieh soicaf ik ieMny sfry qrHF qrHF dy cirqr/suBfa dy lok ieMny sflF qoN iekwTy ikvyN rih rhy hn. ies df kfrn ho qusIN`. quhfzy pRqI ienHF sB df pRym, siqkfr, Brosf aqy hMs` pRqI atuwt jLuMmyvfrI df aihsfs.
hux jdoN qusIN nhIN ho qF mYnUM mihsUs ho irhf hY ik quhfzy pRqI ieh pRym hor pwkf/gUhVf ho igaf hY. hMs` dy pRqI ieh juMmyvfrI sMklp ivc bdl geI hY. hMs` pihlF vFg hI inkldf rhygf aqy bhuq AucfeIaF `qy phuMcygf.
ies sB df iswtf ieh inkldf hY ik ijwQy mYnUM mjbUq sfihqk aDfr nf dyx krky mYN quhfzy nfl bhuq nrfjL hF hMs df Bfr ibnf aDfr` df nfarf mwQy ivc rVkdf rihMdf hY.
Pyr vI mYN quhfzf DMnvfd krdI hF ik qusIN mYnUM iek aijhf pirvfr idwqf hY ijs dy hr iek jIa df mYnUM pUrf pUrf sihXog iml irhf hY. ijsdf hr iek jIa (ivakqI) hMs` vfsqy ieMnf mhwqvpUrn hY ik hr iksy df Xogdfn bhuq muwlvfn hY. pirvfr dy nfl nfl aijhy imwqr aqy sLuBicMqk jo sihXog dyx vfsqy hmysLf iqafr rihMdy hn.
mYnUM ivsLvfs hY ik afpxy ies pirvfr dy shfry aqy sihXog nfl mYN hMs` dy iewjq-mfx nUM jIvq rwK skFgI aqy hF, ies sfihqk jgq dI nbjL nUM vI jldI hI PV lvFgI. hux asIN sfry BfvyN ikMnI BrosymMdI nfl kMm krIey hMs` duafrf quhfzI afqmf nUM qF jIAUNdI rwK skFgy, pr quhfzy cly jfx nfl jo QF KflI hoeI hY Aus nUM ikvyN BrFgy?
ies krky mYN sLurU ivc hI ikhf sI ik jy ieh sB kuwJ quhfzy rihMdy hoey huMdf qF quhfnUM bhuq cMgf lgdf [[[[[[[[[[[[[
cMgf lgdf hY ieh dyK ky ik hux mMmI (mnUM BMzfrI) vI hMs` ivc idlcspI lYNdy hn.

quhfzI bytI
itMkU (rcnf)


(hMs` `coN DMnvfd sihq)
 


adfrf mIzIaf pMjfb` df 7vf sflfnf sfihqk smfgm

 ivrsy dIaf muwlvfn kdrf kImqf, iMdgI nUM KubsUrq bnfAux leI sfBIey ! -kyhr sLrIP

 adfrf mIzIaf pMjfb` vloN 7vf sflfnf sfihqk smfgm jo 09 meI 2015 jrmnI dy ihr hmbrg ivKy ivrn skUl dy vwzy sfry hfl ivc kfmXfbI sihq smfpq hoieaf. BfeI rivMdr isMG aflmgIr horf ny adfrf mIzIaf pMjfb kIqy jfdy kfrjf bfry afey pMjfbI ipafiraf nUM ivsQfr sihq jfxkfrI idwqI aqy afey sfiraF nUM jI afieaf ikhf. sB qo pihlf jgjIq isMG jI ky aqy jsbIr isMG qyjsvI kvIrI jQy ny bMdnf dI sur alfpI.

         pMjfb dy rvfieqI sff Zwz-sfrMgI nfl ieMglYz qo phuMcy ivy jQy blivMdr isMG bfjvf, BuipMdr isMG swgU aqy ksqUrI lfl ny rUh nUM srfr krn vflI afpxy ivrsy nUM Xfd kridaf ZfzI klf py kIqI. ies mfxmwqI pykfrI nfl smfgm dI afrMBqf hoeI

        smfgm ivc ivcfry jfx vfly ivy - sfzf ivrsf, asIN aqy srbwq df Blf dI crcf CyVidaf mIzIaf pMjfb` dI muwK sMpfdk bIbI gurdI pfl kOr bfjvf ny afpxIaf kdrf kImqf dI sMBfl bfry gwl kridaf ivrsy aqy pMjfbI ivrsy bfry BfvpUrq gwlf kIqIaf aqy ikhf ik sfnUM afpxI bolI aqy swiBafcfrk rvfieqf vwl Kfs iDafn dyx dI loV hY qf ik asI afpxIaf swiBafcfrk rhu-rIqf sMBfl skIey jo sfzI aglI pIVHI qwk surwiKaq rih skx nfl hI AunHf ikhf ik sfnUM jqn krny cfhIdy hn ik ies msly bfry aglI pIVHI dy bwicaf df sihXog pRfpq kIqf jf sky, ies sihXog qo ibnf ieh sMBv nhIN.  blivMdr lfzI qy amrjIq isMG iswDU ny  kivqf nfl hfjrI lvfeI .

 

          ieMglYNz qoN phuMcy XUrpI pMjfbI swQ dy sMcflk s[ moqf isMG srfey ny XUrpI pMjfbI swQ rfhI pMjfbI bolI, Bff aqy swiBacfrk Kyqr ivc kIqy jf rhy sfrQk jqnf bfry bolidaf afpxI bolI qy Bff bfry ivcfr kridaf afpxy puriKaf dIaf mnuwKvfdI kdrf-kImqf Auwqy zt ky pihrf idMidaf srbwq dy Bly anusfr mnuwKqf dI syvf krn ivc bxdf Xogdfn pfAux df swdf idwqf aqy nfl hI AunHf ikhf ik awj vylf hY asI gurUaf dy idwqy PlsPy dy pRsfr dIaf vI koisf lgfqfr krIey qf jo ies rfh qy quridaf mnuwKqf dI syvf kIqI jf sky aqy afpxy puriKaf dIaf isrjIaf kdrf kImqf AuWqy lgfqfr pihrf idwqf jf sky.

XU ky qo hI phuMcy mnmohn isMG mhyVU ny ijMdgI nfl sbMD rwKdy gMBIr iksm dy ivcfr py kIqy.

         kyhr rIP ny ivcfr py kridaf aqy afpxy ivrsy sbMDI ivy bfry bolidaf DIaf-iDafxIaf df drd, vfqfvrn ivc pY rhy ivgfVf qy pMjfbIaf dIaf mnuwKvfdI kdrf kImqf dI gwl kIqI aqy ikhf ik sfnUM sB nUM iml ky mnuwKqf dI bygr syvf dy sfJy sMklp dI rfKI krn df aihd lYxf cfhIdf hY aqy hr iksy nUM afpo-afpxy ZMg nfl ies ivc ihwsf pfAuxf cfhIdf hY nfl hI pMjfbIaf nUM afpxI pihcfx bnfAux dy aqy afpxI hoNd bcfAux dy vwD jqn krny cfhIdy hn bfry gwlf kridaf ies dy srUp, sfJ aqy psfry bfry sfJy jqnf vwl vDx leI sB dy eyky df swdf idwqf, AunHf pMjfbI ivdvfnf nUM vI smfj pRqI afpxy rf nUM smJdy hoey afpxy ivrsy pRqI sucyq huMidaf afm lokf nUM jfgrUk krn vl srgrm hox df swdf idwqf. ies dy nfl ies sbMD ivc ilKI geI afpxI kfivk rcnf icVIaf df cMbf` vI py kIqI. ies qo bfd Coty bwcy ibkrmjIq isMG ny pMjfbI ivc Dfrimk gIq pysL kIqf.

        ies smfgm ivc ieMglYz qo XUrpI pMjfbI swQ vfly vwzy jQy nfl phuMcy ijs ivc afey kulvMq kOr iZwlo, hrijMdr isMG sMDU, BuipMdr isMG swgU, ksqUrI lfl, mihMdr isMG idlbr, mnmohn isMG mhyVU, bI bI sI dy sfbkf pykfr rivMdr isMG kuMdrf, tI vI pykfr ajYb isMG grcf, divMdr kwlr, nCwqr isMG Bogl, tI vI dy pykfr gurrn isMG, pRiswD nfvlkfr ivcrn jwgI kuwsf ny afpxy ivcfr aqy kivqfvf py kIqIaf. isLvcrn jwgI kuwsf ny afpxy nfvlf khfxIaf AuWqy bx rhIaf iPlmf bfry vI jfxkfrI idwqI. ieMglYz qo phuMcy gurmiq PlsPy dy jfxkfr, kQfvfck igafnI qrbydI isMG aqy s[ suKdIp isMG rMDfvf horf ny gurmiq dy PlsPy dIaf ivcfrf kridaf bd gurU dy lV lwgx vfsqy ikhf.

qrbydI isMG aqy  ivtn qoN phuMcI jspfl kOr ny vI kivqf py kIqI.

jrmnI dy kvIrI jQy jgjIq isMG jI ky aqy jsbIr isMG qyjsvI kvIrI jQy aqy Bfrq qo XUrp dy dOry qy afey hoey avqfr isMG bfsI dy ZfzI jQy ny vI afpxI ZfzI klf rfhI pRsMg py krky rMg bMinHaf.
zf: dlbIr isMG lihrI ny smfj bfry zUMGIaf ivcfrf kIqIaf aqy mIzIaf pMjfb bfry ivcfr py kIqy . zf: nInf lihrI ny mdr zy (mfvf df idhfVf) sbMDI bhuq muwlvfn ivcfr py kIqy jo sB ny bhuq slfhy. suwcf isMG nr ny smfj dy ivhfr ivc Kyzf dy Xogdfn bfry ivcfr py kIqy. XU ky dy kvI qy glgo BuipMdr isMG swgU horf ny kivqf dy nfl hI algoy vjf ky sMgIqk mhOl vI isrijaf- jo sB vlo psMd kIqf igaf. pMjfbI gfiekf rlIn pI ny sUPI rMg df klfm py kIqf aqy siBafcfr nUM bVfvf idMdI hoeI kivqf pVH ky suxfeI. pMmf lsfVIaf aqy dmn mfhl, ivkI iKMzf qy amrIk mIkf ny KubsUrq gIq py kIqy . tI vI pykfr srbjIq isMG Zwk ny vI ivcfr py kIqy.

        Prfs qoN hI phuMcy s[ guridafl isMG Kflsf ny afpxy vlo clfeI jfdI lihr ny Cwzo-kohV vwZo bfry ivsQfr pUrvk jfxkfrI idwqI.  pYirs qo hI phuMcy rGbIr isMG kohfV aqy rfjbIr isMG quMg ny vI afpxy ivcfr py kIqy. ietlI qo sfDU isMG hmdrd, blijMdr isMG hmdrd aqy svrnjIq isMG GoqVf ny afpxy ivcfr py kIqy.

      ies smfgm ivc adfrf mIzaf pMjfb vlo CfpI blivMdr isMG lfzI dI kfiv pusqk imwtI dI mihk`, bIbI crnjIq kOr DflIvfl vlo sMpfdq kfiv Kyqr dy jMglI Puwl`, zf[ gurdyv isMG iswDU vlo sMpfdq suqMqrqf sMgrfm dy jMglI Puwl` ( ieh dovy ikqfbf pMjfbI swQ rxsIh Kurd - mogf) vlo CfpIaf geIaf hn. nCwqr isMG Bogl-BfKVIafxf dI XUrpI pMjfbI swQ vflsfl (XU ky) vlo Cfipaf kfiv sMgRih klm qfeI Pirafd` aqy pMmf lsfVIaf dI sMgIqk sI zI jwt aYtIicAUz` lok arpx kIqIaf geIaf. ies dy nfl hI pMjfbI swQ vlo CfpIaf ikqfbf byly dy ipwCy ipwCy` - aPl qOsIP (sPrnfmf ipClf ipMz), loey loey` -gurbK isMG BMzfl aqy zf[ inrml isMG vlo sMpfdq kIqI-brvfI kysr ishuM afI` bfry jfxkfrI idwqI geI aqy crcf kIqI geI.

         sfry smfgm dI mIzIaf pMjfb ryzIAu aqy mIzIaf pMjfb tI vI rfhI iswDy pRsfrn dI sfrI qknIkI sMBfl pRimMdr isMG bYs (tYknIkl zfierYktr mIzIaf pMjfb)aqy bIbI nvjIq ny bfKUbI inBfeI ijs dy afsry kfPI mulkf ivc ies nUM dyiKaf igaf- KuI dI gwl ik 60 lok qf iekwly pfiksqfn ivc hI ieMtrnYt rfhI dyK rhy sn. ies bfry cwldy pRogrfm ivc hI Pon af rhy sn.

      ies smfgm ivc brlIn, hmbrg, hnovr, imAUncn, kYminst, brImn Ausnfbruk, hfeIzlbrg, inAurn brg, lfeIpisg, iglsnikrCn, ivtn aqy jrmn dy hor bhuq sfry ihrf ivco bhuq vwzI igxqI ivc drk smfgm ivc fml hoey.

         jnfb seId Kfn (jfdU bfks vfly) jo lihMdy pMjfb dy pMjf sfihb (hsn abdfl) nfl sbMD rKdy hn pMjfbI nfl afpxy moh krky mIzIaf pMjfb` dy hr smfgm ivc fml huMdy hn aqy hr iksm dI qknIkI shfieqf vI krdy hn. Auh ies vfr vI smfgm ivc fml hoey.

 hOlYz qo mIzIaf pMjfb` dy sihXogI juigMdr isMG bfT aqy pRmjIq kOr bfT vI smfgm ivc fml hoey.
         smfgm dy aKIr ivc `adfrf mIzIaf pMjfb` dy pRbMDkI zfierYktr bldyv isMG bfjvf ny afey mihmfnf nUM sMboDn kridaf adfry dy awgy vDdy kdmf df sMKyp ivc ikr kridaf afey lyKkf, icMqkf aqy pfTkf, sroiqaf-drkf df sihXog dyx vfsqy qihidlo DMnvfd kridaf mIzIaf pMjfb dI smuwcI tIm vlo iesy qrf BivwK ivc vI sihXog jfrI rwKx dI apIl kIqI.  smfgm dI styj clfAux df sfrf kfrj gurdI pfl kOr bfjvf aqy amndIp isMG kflkt ny bfKUbI nfl inBfieaf.

                                                                                                       - kyhr sLrIPL

 

 


gurU nfnk dyv jI df smF qy isiKafvF- kyhr sLrIPL

iksy vI idhfVy df mhwqv Aus idn nfl juVy GtnfkRm krky huMdf hY. awj Aus idhfVy dI  gwl kIqI jfxI hY, ijs idhfVy bfbf nfnk ies jgq ivc afey, pr iek gwl eyQy sfP kr idwqI jfvy ik awj ivcfr kridaF QoQIaF sfKIaF jo bhuqIaF JUT qy aDfrq hn, swp vloN bfby dy ichry qy CF krn dI, ivhlVF nUM Bojn CkfAux dI jF hor bhuq sfrIaF aijhIaF GVIaF hoeIaF  sfKIaF bfry ivcfr krn qy smF brbfd krnf cMgf nhIN lgdf.

bfbf nfnk jI dy afgmn qy  BfeI gurdfs jI ny iliKaf :

 

siqgur nfnk pRgitaF, imtI DuMd jwg cfnx hoaf

ijAuN kr sUrj  inkilaf  qfry Cpy  aMDyr ploaf ..

       

          DuMd BrI siQqI aijhI hI huMdI hY ijs ivwc njLr hI kuwJ nhIN afAuNdf, iehnUM dUr krn vfsqy qF sUrj dI loV pYNdI hY. AudoN dy aijhy mfVy smyN ivwc bfbf nfnk sUrj bxky afey ijnHf ny lokF dy mnF qoN vihmF Brmf, tUxy-tfmxF aqy afpxy afp qy byivsLvfsI df aflm rokx vfsqy lokF nUM jgfAux dy rfhy pfAux df kfrj afrMiBaf

         gurU nfnk dyv jI df jnm 15 apRYl 1469 nUM rfie Boie dI qlvMzI ivKy ivKy hoieaf (jo hux pfiksqfn ivc hY aqy ijsnUM hux nnkfxf sfihb afiKaf jfdf hY), . iehnf dI mfqf df nf iqRpqf sI iehnf dy ipqf,  mihqf kflU jo ipMz qlvMzI ivKy mfl mihkmy dy ptvfrI sn aqy Aus ielfky dy iewk muslmfn ijmINdfr rfie bulfr hyT nOkrI krdy sn. ienHf dI vwzI BYx df nf byby nfnkI sI .

        byby nfnkI df ivafh jY rfm nfl sulqfnpur loDI ivKy hoieaf jo lfhOr dy gvrnr dOlq fn dy modIKfny ivwc kMm krdy sn. gurU nfnk df vwzI BYx nfl kfI ipafr hox kfrn purfqn rsmf muqfbk Auh vI sulqfnpur afpxy jIjy dy Gr rihx cly gey. AuWQy Auh 16 sfl dI Aumr ivwc modIKfny ivwc hI kMm krn lwg pey. purfqn jnm-sfKIaf muqfbk ieh smf gurU nfnk leI iewk rcnfqmk smf sI aqy ies dOrfn hI iehnf dI akfl purK nUM imlx dI qfG vDI.

         1475 eI: ivwc afp nUM gopfl pMizq kol pVHn Byijaf igaf. pMizq nfl hoey ivcfr vtfdry nUM afp ny afpxI rcnf 'pwtI` ivwc dr kIqf hY. 1478 eI: ivwc pMizq ibRjnfQ rmf pfs sMsikRq pVHn Byijaf igaf. Aus nfl vI gurU jI ny sucwjf ivcfr vtfdrf  kIqf. 1480 eI: ivwc frsI pVHn leI kuqb dIn mOlfnf pfs Byijaf igaf. ikhf jfdf hY ik ies smy afp ny 'sIhrPI` AucfrI jo jnm sfKIaf ivwc imldI hY.

          hux hflq kI ny ik gurU GrF aMdr sLrDfpUrvk ivsLysL smfgm kIqy jf rhy hn. gurU bfby dIaF iswiKafvF bfry ivcfrF krky, AunHF dIaF isiKafvF nfl juVn df swdf idwqf jf irhf hY, AunHF qy aml krky ies dunIaF dy jo afm kucwjy vihx ny AunHF nUM mnuwKvfdI Dfrf vwl moVn dy swdy idwqy jf rhy hn. ieh kfrj bhuq aOKf hY, pr iewQy gwl kridaF sfnUM ieh vI qF socxf cfhIdf hY ik smfj dI ivgV rhI Dfrf nUM shI rsqy vwl moVnf koeI sOKF kMm qF nhIN huMdf. ies bfry sKq imhnq-musLwkq qF krnI hI pvygI, so, ieh BlF sOKf kfrj ikvyN ho skdf hY? pr ienHF isiKafvF nfl juVy bgYr aqy  AunHF AuWqy aml kIqy ibnF sB iviKafn QoQy hn ijvyN afm hI ikhf jFdf hY ik koeI vI QIAUrI jF ivcfr jdoN qwk Aus AuWqy huMdy aml nUM nf priKaf jfvy Aus df pUrf swc pwly nhIN pYNdf. jo swc nUM nf prKy jF huMGfly Auh kfhdf ivcfr? loV hY awj dI siQqI qy GoKvIN qy zUMGI njLr mfrn dI ivcfrn qy prK krn dI.

         awj df smF Aus smyN qoN bhuq vwKrf hY ijs smyN bfbf nfnk df ies jwg ivwc afgmn hoieaf sI. AudoN smfj aMdr isry dI gurbq sI, hr pfsy DuMd hI DuMd sI vihmF BrmF ivwc sfzf smfj grikaf ipaf sI, (sYNkVy sfl bIq jfx qoN bfad vI asIN ajy Ausy ijwlx ivc Psy bYTy hF) bRfhmxI mwq vloN idwqI ivqkry BrpUr axmnuwKI soc jfq-pfq dy aDfr qy mnuwK dy cMgy mMdy hox dI prK kIqI jFdI sI. qkVf mfVy nUM dbfeI jf irhf sI,  mfVy df jIx bhuq aOKf sI. dsF nOhF dI ikrq krn vflf hI sB qoN aOKf jIvn bsr krdf sI, ivhlV AudoN vI awj dy ivhlVF vFg hI mOjF mfxdy sn. afpxy afp nUM smfj dI agvfeI krn vfly sMq mhfqmF khfAuNdy lok pKMzF ivwc glqfn sn ijvyN awj hn, afpxI hI pUjf krvfeI jFdy hn. AunHF nUM smfj nfloN vwD afpxy suwKF Bry jIvn df iPkr sI. AunHF ivwcoN bhuq sfry ies jIvn aqy jhfn vloN Audfs qy Auprfm hoey phfVI jf cVHy, BgqI dIaF gwlF krn lwgy. pr jIx dy sfry sfDn Auh Pyr vI Aus smfj qoN hI mMgdy rhy ijs nUM iqafgx df Auh pfKMz krdy sn. pr ijs smfj nUM cMgI agvfeI dI loV hovy jy AudoN afpxy afp nUM syD dyx vfly vI syD hIx ho jfx qF Aus smfj nUM ZihMdIaF klF vwl jfx qoN koeI nhIN rok skdf. AudoN hflq vI ievyN dI hI sI, qy hoieaf vI ievyN hI sI.

          ieiqhfs ies gwl df gvfh hY ik bfbf nfnk aijhy nfQ jogIaF dy zyiraF qy phuMcy AunHF nfl ivcfrF kIqIaF, AunHF nUM TIk rfh dI dws pfeI. ieh gwlF-bfqF ijnHF nUM gosLit  Bfv ivcfr vtFdrf krnf vI ikhf jFdf hY. awj socdy hF ik ieWQoN hI awj dI gosLtI, sYmInfr ivcfr-vtFdry afid dI sLurUafq hoeI hovygI, ik dUjy dI gwl suxnI qy afpxI kihxI vflI rvfieq qurI, jo awj dy sMsfr aMdr hr pfsy hI vrqI jf rhI hY. iesy krky qF bfby nfnk ny ikhf sI :-

 

jb lg dunIaF rhIey nfnk

ikCu  suxIaYN,   ikCu  khIaY

 

aijhI siQqI bfry iksy kvI mn ny duwK pRgt kridaF iliKaf ik bfby ny iswDF dy mn qF bdly pr asIN afpxy mnF qy zyiraF ivc cfnx hox hI nhIN dyxf cfhuMdy . kvI kihMdf hY :-

 

Cwtf qfiraF df suwitaf hnyiraF dy ivc

lwKF ikrnF  bKyrIaF  svyiraF dy ivc

 

iswDF jogIaF dy aMbrF 'c qfry cfhV idwqy

loa Pyr vI nf  hoeI sfzy  zyiraF dy ivc

 

sfzy hux dy zyry qF vMzdy hI hnyrf hn- ienHF qoN bcx df hokf dyxf sfzf PLrjL hY

 

gurU jI iqwbq, lMkf aqy arb dyf ivwc vI gey. AuWGy Drm asQfnf ivwc jf ky pMzqf, mulfixaf aqy afm lokf nUM aslI Drm dI soJI krvfeI. sMsfr dy Dfrimk afgUaf ivcoN sB qoN vwD sPr krn vfly afp hI sn. afp ny bfxI rfhI Qf-Qf qy pRcfr kIqf. afp ny kfiv rcnf bcpn qo hI afrMB kr idwqI sI.  1480 eI: ivwc smfjI sMskfr dI pUrqI leI bulfey gey pRohq nUM gurU jI ny jMJU bfry igafn idwqf. ies qrHf bcpn qoN afp df kfiv sPr afrMB huMdf hY qy smf bIqx nfl ies df ivkfs huMdf hY.

             bfbf nfnk bcpn qoN hI aijhy ikrdfr nfl ivcrn lwgy ik AunHF df hr kfrj hI nvF aqy nvyklf sI. AudoN dI smfijk rIq sI ik jdoN bwcy nUM smfj ivwc sLfml kIqf jFdf sI qF bRfhmxI rIqF anusfr Ausdy gl ivwc jnyAU pfieaf jFdf sI. sUq dI vwtI zor nUM hI jnyAU ikhf jFdf hY. jdoN ipqf kflU aqy mfqf iqRpqf ny afpxy Gr pMizq nUM bulf ky nfnk dy gl jnyAU pfAux vfsqy ikhf qF bfby nfnk ny aijhy jnyAU dI mMg kIqI ik jo dieaf BrpUr hovy, sbr, sMjm qy sMqoK vflf hovy, jo tuwty nf, jo jy nf qy mYf nf hovy afid qy pMizq nUM ikhf :-

 

dieaf kpfh sMqoKu sUqu jqu gMZI squ vtu

eyhu  jnyAU  jIa  kf  heI  qF  pFzy  Gqu .

 

          ies qrHF sbr, sMqoK, sMjm vfly aqy nf jlx vfly qy nf mYf hox vfly qy nf tuwtx vfly jnyAU dI mMg krky bfby nfnk ny sUq dy vwty DfigaF vfly jnyAU nUM hI rwd kr idwqf. pr pMzq aijhy jnyAU bfry jfxdf hI kuwJ nhIN sI ijhVf bfby nfnk ny mMigaf. Aus smyN dlIl nfl rvfieqI iksm dy jnyAU nUM pfAux qoN kIqI geI nFh ivcoN nvF ivcfr nvF rfh Bfv iswKI dy rfh  dI Dfrf PuwtdI hY, ieh sfnUM awj smJxf sOKf hY, AudoN BfvyN aOKf lwigaf hovy. PrjL kro bfbf nfnk Aus idn jdoN ipqf kflU jI ny pMizq nUM Gr swidaf jy AudoN pMizq dy khy jnyAU pf lYNdy qF kI awj ieh siQqI huMdI ijs ivwc afpF sfry gujLr rhy hF, afpF rlky bYTdy hF, sFJIaF ivcfrF krdy hF ieh Aus idn bfbf nfnk vloN rvfieqI iksm dy jnyAU pfAux qoN kIqI geI nFh df iswtf hI hY ik ieh nvF rfh quiraf jo iswKI df rfh bx igaf. iewQy ieh vI Xfd rwKxf cfhIdf hY ik bfbf nfnk qoN pihlF kbIr jI ny vI ies rfh nUM rwd kIqf qy BgqI lihr dy bfkI rihbr jF hor Bgq Aus smyN dy bRfhmxI krm kFzf nUM rwd krn vfly sB qoN pihly sn. iesy rfh nUM bfbf nfnk ny awgy qoiraf. bhuq sfry sUJvfn ies mwq df pwky hmfieqI hn ik BgqI lihr hI isKr hI iswK lihr dI buinafd bxI sI. ies df sbUq hI hY iswKF dy Dfrimk gRMQ ivc Bgq bfxI df sLfml hoxf. gurUaF qy BgqF dI sFJI mwq jo sfnUM afpxI soc df ihwsf bxf lYxI cfhIdI hY ik ijhVI vI gwl dlIl BrpUr nhIN jF qrk sMgq nhIN Aus nUM hOsly nfl rwd kr skIey  qF ik asIN nyrHf Zox qoN bc skIey, iksy vI gwl bfry shI PYslf lY skIey. ieh nfnk df rfh hY jo jwg cfnx krdf hY. pr bhuq vfr asIN ies dlIl Bry rfh qoN pfsy jFidaF axjfxy hI vihmF-BrmF vfly rfh qur pYNdy hF, ies ivwc aOK nhIN, lok tokdy nhIN, ikAuNik pYV ivwc pYV rwKxI sOKI huMdI hY. pr ieh rfh Pyr nfnk df rfh nhIN. nvyN rfhy qurn krky qF bfbf nfnk nUM smfj aMdr jIa rhy dMBIaF ny kurfhIaF qwk ikhf. iewQoN hI pqf lgdf hY ik cwl rhI rIq dI QfvyN nvF rfh pfAuxf sOKf nhIN sgoN huMdf bhuq hI aOKf huMdf hY. ies bfry bhuq kuwJ suxnf qy sihxf pYNdf hY.

          bRfhmxI smfj vloN aOrq nUM pYr dI juwqI kihx aqy aijhy hI kulYhxy hor nhoiraF df ivroD kIqf. sdIaF qoN durkfrI aqy lqfVI jf rhI aOrq dy svYmfx dy hwk c avfjL bulMd kIqI qy ikhf:-

 

BMiz jMmIaY BMz inMmIaY

BMiz   mMgxu  vIafhu..

BMzhu   hovY   dosqI

BMzhu   clY   rfhu ..

BMzu mUaf BMzu BflIaY

BMiz   hovy   bMDfn ..

so ikAuN mMdf afKIaY

ijiq   jMmY   rfjfn ..

 

          awj dy smyN sfnUM afpxy jIvn afpxy Gr qy afpxy smfj jF afpxy afy-duafy ingfh mfr ky dyKxf cfhIdf hY ik drasl ho kI irhf hY? kI bfbf nfnk vloN afpxy smyN ivwc lokfeI nUM idwqy AupdysL lokF ny afpxy jIvn ivwc apxfey vI hn, jF Pyr awj asIN ZolkIaFCYxy kuwtx qy hI jor lfeI jf rhy hn. ik bfbf nfnk hI Pyr afvy qy Auh hI sB kuwJ kry. kI asIN jdoN kdy koeI BlfeI df kMm krdy hF Auh afpxy idloNmnoN krdy hF jF smfj ivwc afpxI tOhr bnfAux Kfqr jF idKfvy vfsqy hI krdy hF. jy aijhf hY qF asIN bfby nfl vI qy afpxy lokF nfl vI DoKf hI kr rhy huMdy hF jy asl kihxf hovy qF ieMj ikhf jf skdf hY ik drasl asIN afpxy afp nfl hI DoKf kr rhy huMdy hF. jo bfby dI iswiKaf nhIN sgoN Ausdy Ault hY.

           bfby nfnk dIaF isiKafvF bfry socidaF sfnUM ies gwl vwl bhuq sucyq hoxf cfhIdf hY ik kI Gr pirvfr aMdr rihMdy hoey afpxf Drm pfldy hF, afpxy mfqf ipqf, afpxy  jIvn sfQI jF jIvn sfQx nUM bxdf mfx siqkfr dy rhy hF, ikDry mn ivwc ies nUM vfDU df puafVf qF nhIN smJ rhy? kI bwicaF pRqI jF AunHF dy BivwK pRqI icMqfvfn huMdy hoey vI icMqf mukq jIvn ibqfAux dI koisLsL krdy hF, jF Pyr ieWQy vI lok idKfvf krky hI buwqf sfiraf cfhuMdy hF. kI asIN bRfhmxI mwq vloN isrjy jfq pfq vfly axmnuwKI, dMBI aqy ivqkry BrI,  mnuwKF nUM hIxy krn vflI soc qoN KihVf Cuzvf ilaf hY?  jy nhIN qF Pyr afpxI soc dI pIVHI hyT sotf Pyrn df jqn krIey qy bfby dI iswiKaf dy gjL nfl afpxy aml prKIey. jy AUxy hoeIey qF afpxy afp qy afpxy amlF nUM suDfrn df jqn krIey.

            awj dy sfzy smfijk irsLqy bhuq hI gMDly ho gey hn. jfiedfdF jF iksy hor gwl nUM lY ky jF hAUmYN Kfqr BYxF-BrfvF dy JgVy vyly sfnUM ikAuN Xfd nhIN afAuNdf byby nfnkI qy bfby nfnk df ipafr qy siqkfr Biraf irsLqf. iesy hI qrHF jdoN inwq idn swsnUMh, aqy nxd BrjfeI dy irsLqy dIaF guMJlF BrIaF khfxIaF suxdy hF qF ikAuN sfnUM nhIN cyqf afAuNdf byby nfnkI qy mfqf sulwKxI jo nxd BrjfeI vI sn pr asl ivwc BYxF vrgf moh Biraf irsLqf inBfAuNdIaF rhIaF hn, jdoN bfbf nfnk df shurf pirvfr sulwKxI bfry iPkrmMd ho ky nfnk dy pirvfr nUM afpxI DI bfry iPkrmMdI bfry kuwJ afKdf hY qF byby nfnkI hI sulwKxI bfry AunHF nUM byiPkry hox dI afKdI hY. kI nfnk nfm lyivaF vfly pirvfrF dy lok awj dIaF nxdF qy BrjfeIaF leI byby nfnkI qy sulwKxI dy irsLqy nUM afpxf afdrsL nhIN bxf skdIaF? ieh sFJF qy moh Biraf icMqf mukq jIvn df rfh hY Pyr ikAuN nf apxfieaf jfvy? ikAuN nf aijhI soc dy lV lwigaf jfvy? iesy qrHF mfqf iqRpqf qy sulwKxI df sws nUMh vflf irsLqf vI sfzy smfj ivwc swsF bxn vflIaF bIbIaF nUM ikAuN cyqy nhIN afAuNdf? iehdy ivwc BlF aOkV kI hY? ikAuN sfnUM inwq pVHn nUM imldf hY sws vloN nUMh AuWqy huMdy julm bfry jF Pyr nxfn vloN BrjfeI nfl huMdy ivqkry bfry. kI hY ieh socIey qF shI ik asIN ikhVy rfh pey hoey hF? kI ieh bfby nfnk dy rfh nUM nkfrn vflf rfh nhIN? socIey.

          bfby nfnk dI soc nUM apnfAux vfly swc df sfQ idMdy hn. pr awj sfzy smfj dI Kfs krky Dfrimk pwDr qy agvfeI krn vfilaF ivcoN bhuqy afp bfby nfnk dI soc nfl nhIN juVy hoey. jy AunHF nUM afpxy svfrQF Kfqr ieh kuwJ krn vfly ByKI jF dMBI ikhf jfvy qF koeI aiqkQnI nhIN hovygI? aijhy lokF ny mnuwKF ivwc bRfmxI mwq dI qrk ivhUxI soc vloN jfq-pfq qy aDfrq pfeIaF vMzIaF imtx nhIN idwqIaF . isqm iewQoN qwk ik ienHF ny qF gurU dy Gr vI jfq-pfq dy aDfr qy vMz ley, ieh hoieaf vI jfq aiBmfnIaF dI GtIaF mfniskqf krky, aPsos ik aijhy lok afpxy afp nUM bfby nfnk dy nfm lyvf vI afKdy hn. kI aijhy ivqkry BrpUr jIvn jIa rhy lokF nUM bfby nfnk dI soc dy vfirs ikhf jf skdf hY ? iblkuwl nhIN. kdy vI nhIN !!

           cfnx dI loa igafn bx psrI. aigafn dI DuMd sihjy sihjy Gtx lwgI. dUijaf df hwk mfr ky jIAUx vfly mlk Bfgo nUM iPtkfiraf aqy hwk hlfl dI suwcI ikrq krn vfly BfeI lflo nUM siqkfiraf aqy AuWcf drsfieaf. bfbf nfnk ny mlk Bfgo vloN jLbr-julm aqy TwgI dy jLor iekwTy kIqy mfhl-pUiVaF nUM lwq mfr ky BfeI lflo vloN dsF nOhF dI suwcI ikrq krky kmfeI koDry dI rotI nUM Bfg lfey. luwt df mfl Ckx vfly aqy ikrq krky Kfx vfilaF dy Prk nUM drsfieaf, ikrq aqy ikrqI dohF nUM vizafieaf qy siqkfiraf.

           kdy vI hwQIN zwkf BMn ky dUhrf nf krn vfly afpy bxy awj dy "mhFpurs`` lokF nUM swcI ikrq krn df sunyhf idMdy iPrdy hn. mwqF idMdy iPrdy ieh aYsL DfrI sfD-sMq pr afp ies aml qoN swKxy hn iblkuwl kory. sgoN afp rfijaFrjvfiVaF vflf jIvn bqIq kr rhy hn, mhwlF vrgy afpxy zyry Ausfrdy hn. afpixaF zyiraF ivwc hI afpxy jfqI syvfdfr rwKdy hn. ieh nfm jpfAux vfly nhIN mihMgy Bfa nfm vycx vfly hn. gurU bfbf nfnk igafn vMzx qury AudfsIaF dy rUp ivwc sPr krdy afpxy sfQI mrdfny nfl dUr durfzy qwk phuMcy. ijwQy vI gey lokF nUM sMvfd rfhIN ivcfr dy lV lfAux df jqn kIqf. sUJ ivhUxy lokF dy hnyry mnF ivwc sUJ dy , igafn dy dIvy bfly. sRI gurU nfnk dyv jI ny afpxy dYvI sMdy nUM dUr durfzy qwk phuMcfAux vfsqy  sMsfr-Xfqrf afrMB kIqI, ijnHF nUM AudfsIaF ikhf jFdf hY bfby nfnk vloN kIqIaF AudfsIaf bfry BfeI gurdfs  jI df kQn hY:


bfby ByK bxfieaf AudfsI kI rIiq clfeI.

ciVHaf soDix Driq lukfeI] (vfr 1:24)

 

ienHF AudfsIaF bfry df QoVf ijhf vyrvf- jo gurmq pRkfsL ivcoN Dnvfd sihq ilaf hY:

 

pihlI AudfsI jo pUrb vflI AudfsI khI jFdI hY

 
pRo[ sfihb isMG jI anusfr pihlI AudfsI df smF 8 sfl df bxdf hY sMn 1507 qo 1515 eI[ qk . ies Xfqrf dOrfn afp jI ny Cy-swq hfr mIl df sr kIqf. ies AudfsI ivc bfbf nfnk ny pRiswD ihMdU qIrQf hirduafr, gorK mqf, aXuwiDaf, pRXfg, bnfrs, gXf, jgnnfQpurI,

 mdurfeI, rfmyrm, somnfQ, dvfrkf, pukr, mQrf, ibMdrfbn aqy kurUkyqr afid qo ielfvf isMglf dIp, iswkm, afsfm, bMgfl, AuVIsf, drfvV dy bMbeI, aOrMgfbfd, AujYn, kwC, ajmyr afid sQfnf dI Xfqrf kIqI. ies AudfsI dOrfn hI siqgurU jI ny afpxy aiDafqmk anuBvf nUM iek suinicq qy ivDIvq jIvndrn df rUp idwqf aqy ies dy pRcfr leI kydr sQfpq krn dI Xojnf bxfeI. ies AudfsI qo vfps af ky afp jI afpxy kuJ ku pRmuwK iswK rDflUaf dI shfieqf nfl gurdfspur ilHy ivc rfvI dy kMZy `qy iek nvf ipMz krqfrpur vsfieaf. jdo ieQy iek CotI ijhI Drmfl bx geI qf afp jI dy mfqf-ipqf vI ieQy hI af gey. BfeI mrdfnf jI df prvfr vI ieQy hI af vwisaf. kuJ icr siqgurU jI ngr vsfAux dy afhr ivc ruwJy rhy prMqU CyqI hI dUjI AudfsI leI cwl pey.

 

iewQy cyqy rwKx vflI gwl hY ik jgnnfQ purI dy mMdrF ivc jdoN bfby ny afrqIaF huMdIaF dyKIaF qF afp afrqI ilKI :

 

ggn mYN Qflu riv cMd dIpk bny qfirkf mMzl jnk moqI ..

DUpu ml afnlo pvxu cvro kry sgl bnrfie PulMq joqI .. 1..

kYsI afrqI hoie Bv KMznf qyrI afrqI


dUjI AudfsI AuWqr dI


dUjI AudfsI do-iqMn ku sflf dI sI. pRo[ sfihb isMG anusfr ieh AudfsI sMn 1517 qo 1518 qk dI sI. ies AudfsI dOrfn gurU jI ny jMmU qy kmIr dI Xfqrf kIqI. afp igafn kot aqy jMmU qo huMdy hoey pihlf vYno dyvI gey, iPr mtn ivc amrnfQ qy Aus qo vI prHy brf lwdI prbq mflf Auqy, ijQy kuJ iswDf nfl afp jI df sMvfd hoieaf.

 

BfeI gurdfs jI df kQn hY:

-iPir jfie ciVHaf sumyr pir isiD mMzlI idRsit afeI.
(vfr 1:28)
-sbid ijqI isiD mMzlI[[[. (vfr 1:31)

qIjI AudfsI pwCm vl kIqI

 

qIjI AudfsI (sMn 1518 qo 1521) qk hY, afp jI krqfrpur qo pwCm (mwD pUrb) dy dyf dI Xfqrf leI cwly.

 

BfeI gurdfs jI dy kQn anusfr:

 

bfbf iPir mwky gieaf nIl bsqR Dfry bnvfrI. (vfr 1:32)

 

EprIaf DrqIaf Epry lok pr siqgurU jI nUM qf kuJ vI Eprf nhI sI lwgdf. sfry hI afpxy sn. ies vfr afp jI krqfrpur qo  qury qf ksUr, pfkptn, qulMBf, mulqfn, bhfvlpur, wKr afid keI Qfvf qo huMdy hoey musilm hfIaf dy kfily ivc fiml ho ky mkrfn dy ielfky ivc puwjy. iPr mwky gey. mwky hfIaf nfl gurU jI df ivcfr-vtfdrf hoieaf. rukndIn nfl bihs hoeI.  iPr mdIny gey, iPr bsry qy bsry qo krblf, iPr bdfd.

 

ies PyrI ivc bfbf nfnk  jI dy ijhVy icqr imldy hn AunHF ivc bfbf nfnk ny sylI topI pihnI hoeI huMdI hY. ieh gwl suBfvk hI lgdI hY ikAuNik mwkf jF mdInf jfx dI iejfjLq vI isrP muslmfnF nUM hI sI Auho ijhf rUp Dfrnf koeI alokfr gwl nhIN lgdI.

 

ies PyrI df vrnx BfeI gurdfs jI ny kIqf hY:

 

BfeI gurdfs jI ny bfly vflf BulyKF vI kwiZaf hY jdoN Auh ilKdy hn

 

iPir bfbf gieaf bgdfid no bfhir jfie kIaf asQfnf. ieku bfbf akfl rUpu dUjf rbfbI

 mrdfnf.         (vfr 1:35)

 

rfg nUM hrfm smJy jfx vfly ihr ivc kIrqn, swq imI, asmfn mMnx vfilaf nUM 'pfqflf pfqfl, lK afgfsf afgfs` dwsdy hoey iPr bdfd qo iesPrfn, qihrfn, msqwk bufrf qy smrkMd huMdy hoey kfbul qy jlflfbfd dy rsqy rfvlipMzI dy lfgy hsn abdfl puwjy. iPr aYmnfbfd qo krqfrpur. ies AudfsI dOrfn sRI gurU nfnk dyv jI ny musilm ivvfsf, rhurIqf qy Drm-gRMQf df zUMGf aiDaYn kIqf ikhf jFdf hY. aYmnfbfd bfbr df hmlf hoieaf, ijs df vrxn afp jI ny afpxI bfxI ivc kIqf.


bfbr dy hmly vyly swcy khy jFdy isrjxhfr nUM vI imhxf mfridaf afiKaf sI :-

 

Kurfsfn  Ksmfnf  kIaf

ihMdusqfnu     zrfieaf ..

afpY dosu nf dyeI krqf

jmu kir muglu cVfieaf ..

eyqI  mfr peI  kurlfxY

qY  kI drdu  n afieaf ..

----

kil kfiq  rfjy kfsfeI

Drmu pMK kir Auziraf ..

 

Aus smyN ijhVy bRfhmx (pMizq) qy mOlvI lokF nUM aMD ivsLvfs dy cwkr ivc pfky afpxy afp nUM rwb dy nyVy dwsdy aqy lokF nUM rwb nfl mylx dI dlflI krn df dMB rcdy sn bfby nfnk   ny AunHF nUM kfPr kihMdy hoey BMizaf :-

 

kUVu  boil murdfru  Kfie ..

avrI no smJfvix jfie ..

 

aqy ijhVy pKMzI afpxy afp c igafnvfn hox df dfavf krdy sn, pr ikrq krn qoN mMgxF byhqr smJdy sn. aslI jIvn qoN Bwj rhy sn, AunHF nUM durkfiraf, iPtkfiraf aqy sO sO lfanqF pfAuNidaF ikhf sI :-

 

igafn  ivhUxf gfvY gIq  ..

BuKy   mulF   Gry  msIiq   ..

mKtU hoie  kY kMn pVfey   ..

Pkru kry horu jfiq gvfey ..

guru pIru sdfey mMgx jfie ..

 

pr awj df ieh aYsL Bogdf sfD lfxf afpxIaF mihMgIaF XfqrfvF rfhIN Dn iekwTf krn hI inkldf hY. dUr-durfzy qwk kIqy sPrF nfl mflfmfl ho ky muVdy hn ieh awj dy bfby. soco qF shI kI aijhy lok sfzy smfj dy afdrsL bx skdy hn. nhIN ieh bfby dy nF qy isrP suafh vyc ky sfzy GrF df sonf luwt ky lY jFdy hn. ienHF df rfh bfby nfnk df rfh nhIN. ies pfisAuN sucyq ho ky sfzy smfj nUM  afpxy mnF dy hnyry nUM dUr krn dy jqn krny cfhIdy hn. afpxy mwiQaF dI kfr syvf krky afpxy mwiQaF nUM inrml krn df jqn krIey. qF ik sfnUM kfly icwty df Prk njLr af sky, socIey qF shI . bfxI vI mwq idMdI hY suxo qF shI :

 

mUrKY sMg nf lUJIaY pV awKr afpY bUJIaY

 

socIey qF shI ijs bfby ny lokF nUM afpsI BfeIcfry df isDFq idwqf, iksy nUM vI bygfnf nf smiJaf Ausdy bhuigxqI pYrokfr ikvyN ivhlVF dy dr mwQy rgVI jFdy hn. bfby nfnk ny suwcI-swcI aqy dsF nOhF dI ikrq krn vfly BfeI lflo nUM mfx bKisLaf pr awj Aus lflo dy BfeIvMdF nUM nIc kih ky AunHF dI durgq kIqI jFdI  hY, ikAuN ?  afKr ikAuN??? dsF nOhF dI ikrq krn vfly  lokF qoN ibnF kOx kwZdf hY dsvMD iksy hor vfsqy ? ieh hI vMz Ckx df asUl apxfAuNdy hn. mlk Bfgo dy Xfr awj vI smfj aqy bhuqy QfvIN Drm qy vI kfbj hn. Dfrimk sQfnF aMdr huMdy JgVy ies dI mUMhoN boldI qsvIr hn. nfnk df rfh swcy suwcy jIvn df hokf idMdf hY . pr kI asIN Aus swc dy lV lwgx jogy ho gey hF ? kI awj dy swjx Twg sfzy smfj dI agvfeI krdy sfnUM njLr nhIN afAuNdy? vMzy hoey mnF nUM joVnf hI nfnk dI iswiKaf hY, asIN ies rfhy pYNdy ikAuN nhIN? jF svfl hY kdoN pvFgy??

          asIN sfry hI gurUaF vloN jfq-pfq Kqm krn dy bVy pRvcn suxdy-suxfAuNdy hF pr afp asIN ies bfry koeI jqn nhIN krdy jy ies kohV nUM Kqm krnf  hY qF ieh vI afpxy afp qoN hI sLurU krnf pvygf. pihlF afpxy mnF ivwc JfkIey, aMdr ipaf gMd hUMJ ky bfhr suwtx df jqn krIey qy dyKIey ik asIN ikhVy rfh qur rhy hF. afAu sfry rl ky hMBlf mfrIey qy swc dy rfh vfly pFDI bxIey. asIN afpxy afp nUM vwzy qoN vwzf dwsx df Brm pfdy hF pr dyKo qF shI ik bfbf nfnk ny sfnUM afpxf rfh spsLt kridaF kI ikhf sI, ik :

 

nIcF  aMdr  nIc   jfiq  nIcI  hUM  aiq  nIc

nfnk iqn ky sMig sfQ vwizaF isAu ikaf rIs ..

 

ieh suxn qoN bfad qF sB nUM smJ pY hI jfxI cfhIdf hY ik bfbf ikhVy pfsy KVHdf hY Pyr  sfzf rfh qy sfzy rfh dy sMgI sfQI kOx hn. jy asIN nfnk dy rfh nUM apnfAuxf hY qF aOkVF jrUr afAuxgIaF pr asIN afpxy PrjLF dy lV lwgy ibnF surKrU nhIN ho skdy . ijLMdgI nUM sOiKaF aqy surKrU krn df ieh hI rfh hY.

        afpxy jIvn dy aMiqm awT-ds vrHy afp jI ny krqfrpur ivKy invfs kIqf. ijQy afp jI inqnym, kQf-kIrqn qy Bjn-bMdgI krdy aqy hr iksy nUM cMgf  jIvn ibqfAux df sunyhf idMdy  BfeI gurdfs jI krqfrpur dI Drmflf df vrxn krdy urmfAudy hn :-

       igafnu gosit crcf sdf anhid sbid AuTy Dnukfrf. (vfr 1;38) ieQy hI afp jI df  dIdfr krn BfeI lihxf jI afey. dIdfr aYsf hoieaf ik BfeI lihxf jI afp dy ho ky rih gey. dovy iek joq ho gey. BfeI lihxf jI sRI gurU nfnk dyv jI df aMg bx ky sRI gurU aMgd dyv jI ho inbVy. 7 sqMbr, sMn 1539 nUM siqgurU sRI gurU nfnk dyv jI afpxf joiq rUpI nUr BfeI lihxf jI (sRI gurU aMgd dyv jI) ivc itkf ky akfl siq ivc smf gey.

         koisLsL krnI chIdf hY ik swc dy rfh peIey, bfby nfnk dIaF jIvn suafrdIaF smJOqIaF  dy lV lwgIey, cMgy jIvn dI jugq ik kI krIey qy kI nf krIey sfnUM sfzI mF bolI dy pihly kvI bfbf sLyK PrId jI ieAuN dwsdy hn :

 

jy  qU  akil lqIP  kfly ilK  nf lyKu

afipnVY igirvfn mY isr nIvf kr dyKu ..

 

       awwj sfzf kI hfl hY ivhlV vI afpxy afp nUM sMq afKI jf rhy hn- ienHF nklI sfDF- sMqF dy vwg qury iPrdy hn- mfP krnf vwg sLbd afm krky psLUaF leI rfKvF hY psLUaF dy vwg hI afKy jFd hn pr ijs smfj ijs BfeIcfry kol sfDF dy vwg hox AunHF df kI hfl ho skdf hY ieh sB ny rl ky socxf hY.

         afAu jqn krIey afpxy mn aMdr Jfkx df aqy afpxy jIvn nUM bfby vloN idwqI soc Dfrf qy sucwjI jIvn jugq nfl joVn df.

 


adfrf 'mIzIaf' pMjfb', jrmnI df sflfnf sfihqk smfgm

ivrsy dI sMBfl nUM sFJy PLrjL vjoN inBfAux df hokf

 

adfrf 'mIzIaf pMjfb' jrmnI vloN sfl 2014 df sflfnf sfihqk smfgm hoieaf. BfeI rivMdr isMG aflmgIr horF ny mIzIaf pMjfb dy smfgmF bfry afey mihmfnF nUM ivsQfr sihq jfxkfrI idwqI. ipCly  sflF dI rvfieq nUM kfiem rwKidaF  jskrn bfjvf ny afey mihmfnF nUM kivqf rfhIN jI afieaF nUM ikhf aqy 'adfrf mIzIaf pMjfb' dy pRbMDkI zfierYktr  bldyv isMG bfjvf ny afey mihmfnF nUM sMboDn kridaF adfry dy awgy vDdy kdmF df sMKyp ivc ijLkr kridaF afey lyKkF, icMqkF aqy pfTkF/ sroiqaF/ drsLkF df sihXog dyx vfsqy qihidloN DMnvfd kridaf  mIzIaf pMjfb dI smuwcI tIm vloN jI afieaF afKidaF iesy qrFH BivwK ivc vI sihXog jfrI rwKx dI apIl kIqI.

          pMjfb dy rvfieqI sfjLF Zwz-sfrMgI nfl ieMglYNz qoN phuMcy ivsLysL jQy blivMdr isMG bfjvf, inrml isMG kMDflvI, gursLrn isMG aqy ksqUrI lfl ny rUh nUM srsLfr krn vflI kvIsLrI pysL kIqI. iesy qrHF iPnlYNz qoN afey sLyr jMg bhfdr isMG ny iek qfry nfl lok gIq pysL krky sfry smfgm nUM cfr cMn lfey- Auhdy vloN pysL kIqIaF rcnfvF hvf dy nvyN buwly vrgIaF sB nUM KusLI dy geIaF. jsvIr isMG GuMmx (lfeIpisg) ny afpxy jQy anmol isMG aqy eyknUr kOr  ny sFJy qOr qy 'dysL myry df bFkf gBrU Kf ilaf nisLaF ny' vflI kvIsLrI pysL kIqI.

           smfgm ivc ivcfry jfx vfly ivsLy ivrsy dI sMBfl bfry gwl kridaF  mIzIaF pMjfb dI muwK sMpfdk bIbI gurdIsL pfl kOr bfjvf ny ivrsy aqy pMjfbI  ivrsy bfry BfvpUrq gwlF kIqIaF  aqy ies bfry jfxkfrI idMidaF sB nUM ies pfsy iDafn dyx aqy ivrsy dI sMBfl leI aglI pIVIH dy sihXog leI jqn krn bfry ikhf aqy Brosf idvfieaf ik adfrf mIzIaf pMjfb ies kfrj vfsqy sdf hI afpxy jqn jfrI rwKygf. kyhr sLrIPL ny pMjfbI bolI aqy swiBafcfr dy globlI psfrF bfry gwlF kridaF ies dy srUp, sFJ aqy psfry bfry sFJy jqnF vwl vDx leI sB dy eyky df swdf idwqf aqy pMjfbI dy ivdvfnF nUM pMjfbI BfsLf dy sLbd joVF dy imafrIkrn vwl  srgrmI krn df swdf vI idwqf aqy pMjfbI BfsLf ivc pY rhy ivgfVF qoN sfvDfn kridaF ies pfsy sucyq  ho ky ies dy BivwK suafrn leI vwDo-vwD Xogdfn pfAux dI bynqI kIqI.

      ies idn sLhId krqfr isMG srfBf df jnm idn hox krky  sfrI dunIaF dy sMGrsLsLIl aqy amnpsMd lokF nUM shId dy jnm idn qy mubfrkF pysL kridaf sLhId dI soc 'qy pihrf idMdy rihx df hokf vI idwqf, sLhId krqfr isMG srfBf nUM smrpq kivqfvF vI pysL kIqIaF geIaF.

          XUrpI pMjfbI swQ dy sMcflk s[ moqf isMG srfey ny XUrpI swQ rfhIN pMjfbI bolI, BfsLf aqy swiBacfrk Kyqr ivc kIqy jf rhy sfrQk jqnF  bfry bolidaF ivsLvIkrn dy dOr ivc afpxI bolI qy BfsLf bfry globlI pwDr qy socx aqy ivcridaF afpxy puriKaF dIaF mnuwKvfdI kdrF-kImqF AuWqy zt ky pihrf idMidaF srbwq dy Bly anusfr mnuwKqf dI syvf krn ivc bxdf Xogdfn pfAux df swdf idwqf aqy XUrpI pMjfbI swQ vloN mIzIaf pMjfb nfl hr iksm df sihXog krdy rihx df afpxf vcn vI duhrfieaf. XU ky qoN hI phuMcy mnmohn isMG mhyVU ny ijLMdgI nfl sbMD rwKdy gMBIr iksm dy ivcfr pysL kIqy.  mihMdrpfl isMG DflIvfl (nfvlkfr) ny ivcfr pysL kridaF afpxy qjLrby dI sFJ pfAuNidaF bwicaF nfl vwD nyVqf rwKx df hokf idMidaF mIzIaf pMjfb dy jqnF dI sLlfGf kIqI. gurduafrf isMG sBf sfAUQfl dy styj skwqr s[ suKdIp isMG rMDfvf horF ny gurmiq dy PlsPy dIaF ivcfrF kridaF sLbd gurU dy lV lwgx vfsqy ikhf. inrml isMG kMDflvI horF nfl smfj aMdr pl rhy koJHF  bfry bhuq KubsUrq ivaMgmeI kfiv rcnfvF pysL kIqIaF.

            smfgm ivc sMq sMDU df kfiv sMgRih 'afnMdpur myl', amrjIq iswDU df kfiv sMgRih 'guafcy supny' (ienHF bfry kyhr sLrIPL ny ivcfr pysL kIqy), mihMdrpfl isMG DflIvfl df nfvl 'ruwqF lhU luhfx' (ijs bfry kulvMq kOr iZwloN ny ivcfr pysL kIqy ) dI cwT kIqI geI. XUrpI pMjfbI swQ vflsfl XU ky vloN s[ gurpRIq isMG qUr horF dI CfpI ikqfb 'jIvy jvfnI' vI lok arpx kIqI geI. pRo: qrspfl kOr (brnflf) dI lsrF vflf prdf aqy iswDU rmn kYnyzf dI ikqfb dI vI  cwT kIqI geI. gdrI bfibaF dI sLqfbdI nUM smripq sovInr 'gfQf gdrIaF dI ' vI lok arpx kiqf igaf. ikqfbF dy nfl hI amrdIp igwl vloN rfm srUp axKI dI khfxI 'qy aDfrq bxfeI klfmeI iPlm 'suwqf nfg lok arpx kIqI geI. nfvlkfr jwgI kuwsf dIaF khfxIaF qy aDfrq 'rihmq' aqy ivaMgmeI  kOmyzI qrjL vflI 'swGy df svMbr' (jo nisLaF nfl jvfnI dI kIqI jf rhI qbfhI 'qy aDfrq hY) nfmI tYlI iPlmF vI lok arpx kIqIaF geIaF.  ies smfgm ivc mjbUrIvs nf phuMc skx vfly ryzIAu sLyry pMjfb kYnyzf dy pysLkfr  kuldIp isMG aqy adfrf mIzIaf pMjfb nfl sbMDq zf: dlbIr isMG lihrI vloN ByjIaF geIaF sLuBieCfvF sB nfl sFJIaF kIqIaF geIaF. ieMglYNz qoN hI bIbI jsivMdr kOr smrf aqy sqnfm isMG smrf, bIbI kulvMq kOr iZwloN sLfml hoey.

          XU ky qoN afey lkfr qy gIqkfr aIm yr ny byhwd KubsUrq sLfierI pysL kIqI ijsnUM sfry pMzfl dy sroiqaF vloN bhuq hI srfihaf igaf, fier hrijMdr isMG sMDU, bI[bI[sI[ dy sfbkf pykfr rivMdr isMG kuMdrf, fierf bIbI kulvMq iZwlo, nCwqr isMG Bogl,  tI[vI[pykfr ajYb isMG grcf ny kivqf dy nfl hI smfj dy ivhfr ivc KyzF df Xogdfn bfry vI ivcfr pysL kIqy,  amrjIq isMG iswDU,  blivMdr isMG lfzI, jsivMdr isMG rfQ, ibMdU, bfbf gurdIp isMG, bfbf mlhfr isMG, blijMdr isMG lfeIpisg gIqkfr aqy tI[vI[ pykfr gurrn isMG, rxjIq isMG dUly (qfieaf bwkrIaF vflf), qrsym isMG atvfl, BuipMdr isMG mMzyr, drsLn GuMmx, pRiswD nfvlkfr iccrn jwgI kuwsf, hmbrg qoN rysLm BrolI, bIbI pRmjIq kOr briln, bIbI birMdr kOr, brijMdr isMG, muKiqafr isMG kYminst, blivMdr isMG lfzI, puryvfl, gurdIp isMG, amrIk isMG mIkf, guridwq lfl, ibMdr isMG Buwlr, adfrf mIzIaf pMjfb dy sLuBicMqk suirMdr isMG BwtI, blivMdr isMG lfzI, pRimMdr isMG bYNs (tYknIkl zfierYktr mIzIaf pMjfb) aqy bhuq sfry hor afpxy pirvfrF smyq smfgm ivc sLfml hoey. mndIp isMG, BfeI sMqoK isG lfeIpisg, ryzIE pRjYNtr nvpRIq kOr bfjvf, pMjfb qoN afey s[ imlKf isMG, PrFs qoN afey iekbfl isMG BwtI ny iswK BfeIcfry nfl sbMDq mMgF bfry afpxy vloN kIqI lMbI BuwK hVqfl aqy hoeIaF pRfpqIaF df ijLkr kIqf. PrFs qoN hI phuMcy s[ guridafl isMG Kflsf ny afpxy vloN clfeI jFdI lihr 'nsLy Cwzo-kohV vwZo' bfry ivsQfr pUrvk jfxkfrI idwqI.  amndIp kflkt (briln) vloN suxfeI ivaMgmeI kivqf 'myry ivafh vflf idn' bhuq hI KubsUrq rcnf sI ijs ny lokF dy hsf hsf ky iZwzIN pIVF pfeIaF. kflkt dI kfiv pRiqBf ivc afey inKfr dy sB ny drsLx kIqy aqy AusnUM slfihaf. smfgm dI styj clfAux df sfrf kfrj ieMglYNz qoN afey tI vI pysLkfr srbjIq isMG Zwk aqy amndIp isMG kflkt (briln) ny bfKUbI inBfieaf.

- kyhr sLrIPL

 

 


arivMd kyjrIvfl dI ikqfb 'svrfj' df muwK bMd

dysL dy hfkm qyjI nfl ivdysLI hwQF ivc jf rhy hn- arivMd kyjrIvfl

anuvfd - kyhr sLrIPL

 

         sfzy dysL dIaF  Kfxf nUM  kOzIaF  dy Bfa  ienHF  AudXoigk GrfixaF nUM

          vyicaf jf irhf hY. ijvyN kwcy lohy  (iron ore) dIaF Kfxf lYx vflIaF

          kMpnIaF srkfr nUM  isrP 27 rupey  pRqI tMn dy  ihsfb nfl rfieltI

          qfrdIaF hn.  Ausy kwcy  lohy  nUM ieh  kMpnIaF  KuwlI mMzI  ivc 6000

          rupey pRqI  tMn dy  Bfa vycdIaF  hn. (Kfx  ivcoN lohf   kwZky AusdI

          sPfeI afid krn ivc  lwgBg 300 rupey

 pRqI tMn Krc  afAuNdf hY)

                      kI ieh iswDy iswDy dysL dI jfiedfd dI luwt nhIN hY?``

 

pihlF mYN afmdn tYks ivBfg ivc kMm krdf sI. 90 vfly dhfky dy aMq 'qy afmdn kr ivBfg ny keI bhukOmI kMpnIaF df srvyKx kIqf. srvyKx ivc ieh kMpnIaF  rMgy hwQIN tYks corI krdIaF PVIaF geIaF, AunHF ny iswDf afpxf jurm kbUl kr ilaf aqy ibnf koeI apIl kIqy sfrf tYks jmF krvf idwqf. ieh lok jy iksy hor dysL ivc huMdy qF hux qwk AunHF dy AuWc aiDkfrIaF nUM kYd ho geI huMdI. srvyKx dy dOrfn aijhI hI iek kMpnI dy ivdysLI muKI ny afmdn tYks vflI tIm nUM DmkI idwqI Bfrq iek bhuq grIb dysL hY, asIN quhfzy dysL ivc quhfzI mwdd krn afey hF, jy qusIN sfnUM ies qrFH qMg krogy qF asIN quhfzf dysL Cwzky cly jfvFgy. quhfnUM pqf nhIN asIN ikMny qfkqvr hF. asIN cfhIey qF quhfzI sMsd (pfrlImYNt) qoN koeI vI kfnUMn pfs krvf skdy hF. asIN quhfzy vrigaF dI bdlI vI krvf skdy hF.`` ies qoN kuwJ idn bfad sfzI tIm dy iek AuWc aiDkfrI dI bdlI kr idwqI geI.

 

Aus smyN Aus ivdysLI dIaF gwlF 'qy mYN koeI bhuqf iDafn nhIN idwqf. mYN soicaf ik sLfied Auh afmdn tYks vfly srvyKx qoN prysLfn ho ky bol irhf sI. pr ipCly kuwJ sflF dIaF GtnfvF qoN mYnUM hOlI hOlI Aus dIaF gwlF ivc swcfeI njLr afAux lwgI. mn ivc svfl pYdf hox lwgy hn kI swc-muwc ienHF ivdysLIaF df sfzI sMsd AuWqy ieMnf kMtrol hY?``

 

ijvyN julfeI 2008 ivc XU pI ey srkfr ny sMsd ivc afpxf bhumwq sfbq krnf sI. Kuwlyafm pfrlImYNt mYNbrF nUM KrIidaf jf irhf sI. kuwJ tI vI cYnlF ny pfrlImYNt mYbrF nUM sLryafm ivkdy ivKfieaf. AunHF qsvIrF ny ies dysL dI afqmf nUM ihlf idwqf. jy pfrlImYNt mYNbr ies qrHF ivk skdy hn qF sfzI vot dI kI kImq rih jFdI hY? dUjy, awj AunHF nUM afpxI srkfr bcfAux vfsqy ies dysL dI iek pfrtI KrId rhI hY. kwlH nUM AunHF nUM koeI hor dysL vI KrId skdf hY. ijvyN amrIkf, pfiksqfn afid. ho skdf hY aijhf ho vI irhf hovy, iksnUM pqf hY? ieh soc ky pUry sLrIr ivc kMbxI dOVn lwgI - kI asIN iek afjfd dysL dy nfgirk hF ? kI sfzy dysL dI pfrlImYNt sfry kfnUMn ies dysL dy lokF dy ihq ivc hI bxfAuNdI hY?``

 

ajy kuwJ idn pihlF jdoN pfrlImYNt ivc pysL hoey inAUklIar isvl lfieibltI ibwl dy bfry aKbfrF ivc piVHaf qF sfry zr swc sfbq huMdy njLr afAux lwgy. ieh ibwl kihMdf hY ik koeI ivdysLI kMpnI Bfrq ivc jy inAUklIar plFt lgfAuNdI hY aqy jy EQy koeI durGtnf ho jFdI hY qF Aus kMpnI dI jLuMmyvfrI kyvl 1500 kroV rupey qwk dI hovygI. dunIaF Br ivc jdoN vI koeI pRmfxU hfdsf hoieaf qF hjLfrF lokF dI jfn geI aqy hjfrF kroVF rupey df nuksfn hoieaf.

 

Bupfl gYs qRfsdI dy pIVq lokF nUM ajy qwk 2200 kroV rupey imly hn jo ik kfPI Gwt smJy jf rhy hn. ies qrFH 1500 kroV rupey qF kuwJ vI nhIN huMdy. iek pRmfxU hfdsf Bupfl vrgy pqf nhIN ikMny hfdisaF dy brfbr hovygf? ies hI ibwl ivc awgy iliKaf hY ik  Aus kMpnI dy iKlfP koeI aprfiDk mfmlf vI drj nhIN kIqf jfvygf aqy koeI mukwdmf nhIN clfieaf jfvygf. koeI pulIs kys vI nhIN hovygf. bs! 1500 kroV rupey lY ky Aus kMpnI nUM Cwz idwqf jfvygf.

 

ieh kfnUMn pVH ky aijhf lgdf hY ik ies dysL dy lokF dIaF ijLMdgIaF nUM kOzIaF dy Bfa vyicaf jf irhf hY. sfP sfP jLfihr hY ik ieh kfnUMn ies dysL dy lokF dI ijLMdgIaF nUM dfa  'qy lf ky ivdysLI kMpnIaF nUM Pfiedf phuMcfAux vfsqy ilaFdf jf irhf hY. sfzI pfrlImYNt aijhf ikAuN kr rhI hY? pwky qOr 'qy ikhf jf skdf hY ik jF qF sfzy sMsd mYNbrF AuWqyy iksy qrHF df dbfAu hY jF Pyr kuwJ pfrlImYNt mYNbr jF pfrtIaF ivdysLI kMpnIaF dy hwQIN ivk geIaF hn.

 

Bupfl gYs qRfsdI vfly huxy jhy hoey PYsly qoN bfad aKbfrF ivc bhuq KbrF Cp rhIaF hn ik iks qrHF Bupfl dy lokF dy hwiqafry nUM sfzy dysL dy vwzy nyqfvF ny Bupfl qRfsdI dy kuwJ idn bfad hI rfj df mfxXog ivakqI df snmfn idwqf aqy AusnUM Bfrq qoN Bwjx ivc pUrI mwdd kIqI.

 

ienHF sB gwlF nUM dyKky mn ivc svfl pYdf huMdy hn - kI Bfrq surwiKaq hwQF ivc hY? kI asIN afpxI ijLMdgI aqy afpxf BivwK ienHF kuwJ nyqfvF aqy aiDkfrIaF dy hwQF ivc surwiKaq dyKdy hF?``

 

aijhf nhIN hY ik sfzIaF srkfrF AuWpr isrP ivdysLI kMpnIaF jF ivdysLI srkfrF df hI dbfAu hY. pYsy vfsqy nyqf aqy aPsr kuwJ vI kr skdy hn. ikMny sfry aPsr aqy nyqf AudXoigk GrfixaF dIaF kTpuqlIaF bx gey hn. kuwJ AudXoigk GrfixaF df asr bhuq ijafdf bx igaf hY. ajy huxy jhy hI Pon typ krn vfly mfmly ivc Byq Kuwilaf hY ik ik mOjUdf srkfr dy ikhVy mihkimaF dy kOx mMqrI bxngy- iesdf PYslf sfzy pRDfn mMqrI ny nhIN blik kuwJ AudXoigk GrfixaF ny ilaf sI. hux qF ieh Kuwlyafm sfry lok jfxdy hn ik ikhVf nyqf aqy ikhVf aPsr iks Grfxy dy nfl hn.. sLryafm ieh lok AunHF nfl GuMmdy hn. ieh kihxf koeI bhuq jrUrI nhIN ik kuwJ rfjF dIaF srkfrF aqy kyNdr srkfr dy kuwJ mihkmy ieh AudXoigk Grfxy hI clf rhy hn.

 

ajy kuwJ idn pihlF hI Kbr CpI sI ik irlFies dy mukysL aMbfnI mhFrfsLtr ivc koeI XUnIvristI sLurU krnf cfhuMdy hn. Auh mhFrfsLtr dy iswiKaf mMqrI rfjysL topy nUM imly, aqy AunHF dI ieh iewCf pUrI krn leI rfjysL topy ny ivDfn sBf ivc pRfeIvyt XUnIvristI ibwl ilafAuxf mMnjUr kr idwqf. AudXoigk GrfixaF dI iewCf pUrI krn vfsqy sfzIaF ivDfn sBfvF qurMq kfnUMn pfs krn vfsqy rfjLI ho jFdIaF hn.

 

sfzy dysL dIaF KfxF nUM kOzIaF dy Bfa ienHF AudXoigk GrfixaF nUM vyicaf jf irhf hY. ijvyN kwcy lohy (iron ore) dIaF Kfxf lYx vflIaF kMpnIaF srkfr nUM isrP 27 rupey pRqI tMn dy ihsfb nfl rfieltI qfrdIaF hn. Ausy kwcy lohy nUM ieh kMpnIaF KuwlI mMzI ivc 6000 rupey pRqI tMn dy Bfa vycdIaF hn.(Kfx ivcoN lohf kwZky AusdI sPfeI afid krn ivc lwgBg 300 rupey pRqI tMn Krc afAuNdf hY) kI ieh iswDy iswDy dysL dI jfiedfd dI luwt nhIN hY?

 

iesy qrHF hI AUxy-pOxy Bfa 'qy vxF (jMglfq) nUM vyicaf jf irhf hY, ndIaF nUM vyicaf jf irhf hY, lokF dIaF jLmInf Koh Koh ky kMpnIaF nUM ssqy Bfa vycIaF jf rhIaF hn. ienHF pfrtIaF, nyqfvF aqy aPsrF dy hwQF ivc sfzy dysL dy kudrqI sfDn aqy sfzy dysL dIaF kImqI jfiedfdF Kqry ivc hn. jldI hI iekwTy ho ky kuwJ nf kIqf igaf qF ieh lok imljul ky sB kuwJ vyc dyxgy.

 

ieh sB kuwJ dyK ky  BfrqI rfjnIqI AuWqy  aqy BfrqI lokrfj AuWqy bhuq vwzf svflIaF insLfn lgdf hY. sB pfrtIaF df Kfsf (cirqR) ieko ijhf hI hY. asIN iksy vI pfrtI jF iksy vI nyqf nUM votF dyeIey, ies nfl koeI Prk nhIN pYNdf.

 

ipCly 60 sflF ivc asIN hr pfrtI, hr nyqf nUM ajLmf ky dyK cuwky hn. pr koeI suDfr nhIN hoieaf . ies nfl iek gwl qF sfP hY- kyvl pfrtIaF aqy nyqf bdl dyx nfl gwl nhIN bxn vflI. sfnUM kuwJ hor krnf pvygf.

 

asIN afpxI sMsQf pirvrqn`` dy rfhIN ipCly ds sfl qoN vwKo vWKry muwidaF 'qy kMm krdy rhy. kdy rfsLn sbMDI pRbMD bfry, kdy pfxI dy inwjIkrn bfry, kdy ivkfs kfrjF ivc huMdy iBRsLtfcfr afid nUM lY ky. kuwJ ku sPlqf vI imlI. pr jldI hI ieh mihsUs hox lwgf ik ieh sPlqf QoVicrI aqy BrmfAU hY. iksy muwdy 'qy sPlqf imldI. jdoN qwk asIN Aus Kyqr ivc Aus muwdy 'qy kMm kr rhy huMdy, ieMj lgdf ik kuwJ suDfr ho irhf hY. ijvyN hI asIN iksy dUsry muwdy vwl nUM vDdy, ipClf muwdf pihly qoN vI vwD bury hflIN ho jFdf. hOlI hOlI mihsUs hox lwgf ik dysL Br ivc ikMny muidaF 'qy kMm krFgy, ikwQy ikWQy kMm krFgy. sihjy sihjy ieh vI smJ afAux lwgf ik ienHF sB smwisafvF dI jVH rfjnIqI ivc hY. ikAuNik ienHF sB muwidaF AuWqy pfrtIaF aqy nyqf iBRsLt aqy aprfDI lokF dy nfl sn. aqy jnqf df iksy pRkfr df koeI vs nhIN cwldf. imsfl vjoN rfsLn dy pRbMD nUM hI lvo. rfsLn corI krn vfilaF nUM pfrtIaF aqy nyqfvF vloN pUrI pUrI surwiKaf imldI hY. jy rfsLn vflf koeI corI krdf hY qF asIN Aus mihkmy dy krmcfrI, AuWc aiDkfrI jF Kurfk mMqrI kol isLkfieq krdy hF. pr ieh sfry qF Aus corI ivc iswDy qOr 'qy sLfml hn, Aus corI df iek vwzf ihwsf qF ienHF sfiraF qwk phuMcdf hY. qF AunHF kol hI isLkfieq krky asIN iensfP dI afs kr skdy hF? jdoN iksy jgHf mIzIaF jF lokF df bhuq dbfAu bxdf hY qF idKfvy vjoN kuwJ rfsLn vfilaF dIaF dukfnF bMd kr idwqIaF jFdIaF hn, jdoN lokF df dbfAu Gwt ho jFdf hY qF irsLvq lY ky iPr qoN Auh dukfnF KolH idwqIaF jFdIaF hn.

 

ies pUry qmfsLy ivc jnqf dy kol koeI qfkq nhIN hY. lok isrP corF kol isLkfieq kr skdy hn ik imhrbfnI krky qusIN afpxy iKlfP kfrvfeI kro`` jo hox vflI gwl nhIN.

 

hux ieh smJ ivc afAux lwgf ik lokF nUM iswDI kfnUMnI ieh qfkq dyxI hovygI ik jy rfsLn vflf corI kry qF isLkfieq krn dI QF iswiDaF hI jnqf AusnUM sjLf dy sky. jnqf nUM siQqI qy iswDf hI aiDkfr dyxf pvygf ijs aDIn jnqf PYslf kry qy nyqf aqy aPsr ley gey AunHF PYsilaF df  pflx krn.

 

kI aijhf ho skdf hY? kI 120 kroV lokF nUM kfnUMnI inrxy lYx df aiDkfr idwqf jf skdf hY?

 

AuNj qF lokqMqr ivc lok hI mflk huMdy hn. lokF ny hI pfrlImYNt aqy srkfrF nUM lokihqF vfsqy PYsly lYx df aiDkfr idwqf hY. pfrlImYNt, ivDfn sBfvF aqy srkfrF ny ienHF aiDkfrF df bhuq hI durAupXog kIqf hY. AunHF ny pYsy Kf ky Kuwlyafm aqy bysLrmI nfl lokF nUM aqy lok ihqF nUM vyc idwqf hY. kI hux smF af igaf hY ik lok nyqfvF, aPsrF aqy pfrtIaF qoN afpxy bfry PYsly lYx dy aiDkfr vfps lY lYx? kI aijhf ho skdf hY? kI ies nfl arfjkqf nhIN PYlygI?

 

ienHF sB svflF dy jvfb lwBx vfsqy asIN bhuq GuMmy, bhuq lokF nUM imly aqy kuwJ piVHaf vI. jo kuwJ smJ ivc afieaf Aus nUM ies pusqk dy rUp ivc pysL kr rhy hF. iesnUM pVHn qoN bfad jy quhfzy mn ivc sLwk-sLuBf hovy qF sfzy nfl jrUr sMprk kirAu. aqy jy qusIN sfzIaF gwlF nfl sihmq hovo qF afpxy qn , mn, Dn nfl ies aMdoln ivc sLfml hovo. smF bhuq QoVHf hY. dysL dI swqf aqy dysL dy sfDn bhuq qyjI nfl ivdysLI kMpnIaF aqy ivdysLI srkfrF dy hwQF ivc jf rhy hn. jldI kuwJ nf kIqf igaf qF bhuq dyr ho cuwkI hovygI.

 

 

 


gdrI bfibaF dI sUrmqfeI qy dysL dI afjLfdI

 -kyhr sLrIPL

 

ieh simaF df hI gyV nhIN sI sgoN loBI-lflcI mnF dI kmjLorI qy kmIngI vI ies ivc sLfml sI ik suKI vsdf Bfrq aMgryjLF df gulfm ho igaf sI. Bfrq dy rjvfVfsLhI pRbMD dy cflk rfjy qy rjvfVy  grIb jnqf dy isr qy afp hI AunHF dI iksmq dy mflk bx  bYTy sn qy nfl hI lokF dI krVI imhnq nfl kIqI kmfeI nUM luwtx df jugfV bxf ky aijhy awXfsL iksm dy lok isrP BogI qy ivlfsI bx ky ivcr rhy sn. aijhy dOr ivc afm lokF df kI hfl hovygf ies df vyrvf ieiqhfs dIaF ikqfbF aMdr aMsLk rUp ivc drj hY. pr bhuq kuwJ aijhf vfpiraf ijs df vyrvf ikDry drj nhIN. Aus smyN jbr Jwl rhy, sMqfp Bog rhy lokF dy idlF dIaF afhF, aQrU qy mjbUrIaF df aihsfs iksy ikqfb ivc drj nhIN hoieaf. (ies rfhIN afjLfdI qoN bfad vI hfkm sLRyxIaF vloN ieiqhfs dy ilKy/ilKfey jfx vflI cqurfeI dy drsLx huMdy hn. ies nfl siQqI spsLt huMdI hY ik ikvyN hfkmF ny lok ieiqhfs qy prdf pfeI rwKx dy koJy jqn kIqy) ies ivc ijwQy aMgryjLf dI bsqIvfdI soc aqy AunHF dIaF vpfrk kMpnIaF df munfPy mfiraf loB-lflc sLfml sI nfl hI gorI nsl dy AuWqm hox df asloN JUTf GumMz vI igixaf jf skdf hY. ies soc aDIn sfzI khfvq vFg 'awg lYx afeI Gr dI mflk bx bYTI' sI . pr ies df asl swc ik sfzI afpxI DrqI dy kpuwqrF ny aMgryjLF df sfQ idwqf sI mulk dy g gulfmI dy sMg ienHF gwdfrF dy sihXog qoN ibnf nhIN sn pY gey. afjLfdI sMGrsL df sfrf smF aijhy gwdfr lok bsqIvfdIaF dy sihXogI bxy rhy aqy dUsry pfsy rjvfVy, jYLldfr, nvfbjLfdy afpxIaF awXfsLIaF krky aMgryjLf dI ihwk dy qvIq bxky ivcry aqy afjLfdI Kfqr lVdy sMGrsLsLIl lokF dI nPrq dy pfqr bxy rhy.

       

ieh Auh smF sI jdoN dunIaF ivc bsqIvfdI, DrqI dy kfPI sfry ihwsy AuWqy afpxI DONs aqy Dwky vflI rfj sLkqI dI jfbr aqy mnuwKI BfvnfvF dI kdr qoN swKxI/ivhUxI soc nUM aslI rUp ivc clf rhy sn. jdoN suKI vsdy BfrqI bygfinaF dy aDIn ho gey qF inwq dy duwK-drd aqy hfkmF vloN apxfieaf jFdf byiejLqI Biraf vqIrf lokF df nsIbf bx gey. swq smuMdr pfroN afieaF ny DoKy nfl BfrqIaF dy g gulfmI df jUf pf idwqf. aMgryjF vloN eIst ieMzIaf kMpnI rfhIN DoKy BrI cqrfeI nfl Bfrq dI rfjsI swqf hiQaf lYx qoN bfad AunHF ny kfnUMn bnfAuxy afrMBy jo Bfrq dysL dy vfsIaF dI luwt dy nfl hI AunHF nUM hIxy vI krdy sn. aijhy smyN ijvyN huMdf hI hY ik aijhI luwt qy jbr vflI hflfq qoN mjbUr ho ky lihrF AuWTxIaF sLurU hoeIaF ijs ivc dysL dy vwKo vwK ihwisaF ivc lok iekwTy ho ky aMgryjLF qoN injfq pfAux dI dby bolF ivc koisLsL krn lwgy. afm qOr qy 1857 dy gdr vflIaF kfrvfeIaF nUM afjLfdI Go dI sLurUafq mMinaF jFdf hY, pr aijhy jigafsU lok vI imldy hn jo 1757 nUM afjLfdI dy sMGrsLF/GolF df afgfjL smJdy qy mMndy hn.

       

aMgryjLF dI afmd nfl dysL dy hr Kyqr ivc jfbrI kdmF nfl AunHF afpxI pYNTH jmfAux df jqn kIqf. sB qoN pihlF GrylU dsqkfrIaF nUM qbfh kIqf . sfDfrn lokF Kfs krky iksfnF bfry bVy hI rokF lfAux bfry kfnUn bxfey. ijs dy iswtf 'pgVI sMBfl' vflI lihr sLurU huMdI hY . sfzy lokF dI swiBafcfrk sFJ nUM qoVn vfsqy isafsI pwKoN 'pfVo qy rfj kro' dI nIqI apxfeI sfzy awj dy isafsqdfn vI keI vfr ies  nIqI nUM vrq lYNdy hn ijs dy iswty vjoN lokF dy aMdr pfVy vDdy hn. dfinsLvrF vloN ieiqhfs bfry ieh bihs ajy jfrI hY.

         

jdoN dysL dy sfry ihwsy aMgryjLF dI gulfmI hyT af gey qF qF AunHF ny Bfrq nUM hr pwKoN luwtx df kMm pUrI KuwlidlI nfl sLLurU kr idwqf. Bfrq df srmfieaf ibnf rok-tok ieMgilsqfn jfx lwgf. kwuJ ku nUM Cwz ky irasqI rfjy BfrqI lokF nfl nhIN sgoN goiraF dI cfkrI leI iek dUjy qoN awgy ho ky goiraF dy bUtcwt bxky ivcrn lwg pey. lok afriQk pwKoN qMgIaF vl vDx lwgy . ies smyN lok bfhrly mulkF vl inklx lwgy. mlfieaf, QfeINlYNz,  hFgkFg, isafm, isMGfpur afid qoN huMdy hoey amrIkf, kYnyzf vwl phuMcx lwgy. amrIkf ivc phuMc ky lokF ny afjLfdI dI hvf df inwG mfnxf sLurU kIqf qF AunHF ny gulfmI qy afjLfdI dy Prk bfry socxf sLurU kr idwqf. pihlF ijhVy vwzIaF jfiedfdF dy mflk bxn vwl ruicq sn Auh Pyr iekwTy ho ky Bfrq dI afjLfdI bfry kuwJ kIqf cfhuMdy sn. pr sfzy pMjfbIaF ivc bhuqy pVHy ilKy nhIN sn. ies bfry pMjfbIaF ny qfirk nfQ dfs qy lflf hridafl vrigaF dI mwdd lY ky 1913 ivc gdr pfrtI df gTn kIqf, ijs gdr pfrtI ny dysL ivc gdr krky dysL nUM afjLfd krvfAux df insLfnf rwiKaf. ies lihr nUM qkiVaF krn vfsqy Bfrq qoN vjIPy dy ky ividafrQI vI mMgvfey gey. ies lihr ivc isrlwQ XoDy sn ijnHF df dusLmx vI sfP sI aqy insLfnf vI. dusLmx sI aMgryjLI bsqIvfd vloN kIqI jFdI luwt dI smfpqI aqy insLfnf sI gulfm kIqy gey Bfrq nUM afjLfd krvfAuxf.

 

gdr pfrtI df JMzf

          

gdr pfrtI dI lihr sUrmqfeI dI isKr sI. zr, KOPL qoN rihq. dysL dI afjLfdI leI jfnF vfrn df cfa sI ienHF afjLfdI leI lV rhy pRvfinaF dy mn aMdr. ies pRcfr ivc sB qoN vwzf Xogdfn 'gdr' aKbfr df igixaF jFdf hY . 'gdr' aKbfr df pihlf aMk nvMbr 1913 nUM AurdU ivc Cipaf aqy ds idn bfad pMjfbI ivc ivc Cipaf. ies ivc afjLfdI dy Gol ivc sLfml hox leI pRyiraf jFdf sI ies ivc CpdIaF rcnfvF aqy kivqf nUM gdrI bfby sfDfrn nhIN sn smJdy sgoN ies 'gdr dI gUMj' nUM dysL BgqF dI bfxI iliKaf jFdf sI. ieh vI sfP hY ik gdrI bfibaF dI soc CUq-Cfq, jfq-pfq, AUc-nIc dI sKq ivroDI sI. Auh hr iksm dI byiensfPI dy iKlfP sn, sB vfsqy brfbrI vfly smfj leI jwdojihd sI AunHF dI. AunHF ny gdr pfrtI dy insLfny imwQidaF iliKaf 'iksy vI mjhb nUM rfjsI jF smfijk ieMqjLfm ivc dKl dyx df hwk nhI hovygf' aqy ''jQybMdI ivc mjhbI bihsF leI koeI QF nhIN hovygI, mjhb hr iksy df afpxf inwjI nym hovygf''. 'gdr gUMjF rfhIN iesdf lgfqfr pRcfr kIqf jFdf sI. ies lihr ivc vwKo vwK DrmF qy mjhbF dy lok sLfml sn pr afjLfdI vfsqy sMGrsL kr rhy bfibaF leI sB qoN vwzf Drm hI dys BgqI sI. ieh sB dysL BgqF nUM joVn df iek kfrgr rfh sI. aMgryjL bsqIvfdI hfkmF ny iesy krky gdrIaF dI kfPI sfrI kivqf nUM jbq vI kIqf sI, ikAuNik Auh kivqf lokF nUM joVdI vI sI aqy afjLfdI leI cwl rhy sMGrsL ivc sLfml hox dy rfhy qurn vfsqy pRyrq vI krdI sI :

 

jo kuC pfs hY mulk qoN vfr dyvo,

ipCy  rwK  rKOx  dI  loV  kI ey.

Jwlo  duwK  musIbqF  vFg  mrdF,

ipwCy  htx  htOx dI  loV kI ey.

syvf mulk dI  krn dy ZMg lwKF,

syvf  kro jqlfx  dI loV kI ey.

bs kro ihMmq kfrj jld krIey,

bfr  bfr duhrfx dI loV  kI ey.

 

gdr pfrtI dI srgrmI vDx lwgI qF pfrtI dy jnrl skwqr lflf hridafl nUM amrIkf Cwzx vfsqy mjbUr kr idwqf igaf. AunHF qoN bfad BfeI sMqoK isMG horF ny ies ahudy nUM sMBfl ky qndyhI nfl lihr nUM vDfAux ivc afpxf Xogdfn pfieaf. dunIaF dI bdl rhI siQqI qy jMg dy bwdlF nUM dyKidaf pfrtI ny Bfrq ivc jf ky gdr krn df hokf idwqf :

 

lY nI gUMj gdrI bxky kUMj Auz jf

hokf  gdr  df  Pyr  jhfn  aMdr

 

nfl hI iliKaf :

jLrUrq hY :

0  inzr bhfdr ispfhIaF dI ihMdusqfn 'c gdr mcfAux leI

0  qnKfh         : mOq

0  ienfm          : sLhIdI aqy afjLfdI

0  mukfm           : mYdfn ihMdusqfn

                                       (ihMdusqfn gdr 11 agsq 1914)

 

ieh pVHidaF hI bhuq sfry gdrI ihMdusqfn vwl qur pey sn. krqfr isMG srfBf sB qoN kfhf sI, Auh ies gwloN zrdf sI ik pfrtI ikDry AusdI izAUtI amrIkf ivc hI nf lf dyvy.  afpxy mulk ivc phuMc ky dysL BgqF ny hr dysL vfsI nUM ies lihr ivc sLfml hox df swdf idqf. swdy df nmUnf dyKo :

 

jLflm PrMgIaF dy icqVF 'qy lOx ihq

kry  sIK  lfl  kho  Aumry  luhfr nUM

 

ihMdusqfn phuMcx vyly dIaF musLklF, jylbMdIaF sB AunHF dy ihwsy afeIaF. gdrI  Gbfrfey nhIN qy zry nhIN, pr ikRpfl isMG vrgy gwdfrF ny ies lokF dI lihr nfl vI DoKf kr idwqf. bhuq sfry PVy gey, kfly pfxIaF aqy PFsIaF dIaF sjfvF, GrF dI qbfhI ieh sB kuwJ vfpiraf sI sfzy sUrmy dysL BgqF nfl. AunHF sB kuwJ vfr ky dysL afjLfd krvfieaf. ies afjLfdI df inwG ajy qwk Aumry luhfr`` Bfv ikrqI iksfn dy ivhVy nhIN phuMicaf. dysL Bgq bfibaF dy vfrsF df awj PLrjL bxdf hY Auh AunHF dy iensfP psMdI vfly brfbrI dy rfj vfsqy sFJf Gol krn qF ik sLhIdy afjLm Bgq isMG dy supnf ik afjLfdI dI loa qy kuwlI, guwlI juwlI hr iksy nUM pRfpq hovy.

 

bfbf sohx isMG Bknf aqy swjy sMglF ivwc nUVy gdrI bfby

 

jdoN aMgryjL Dwky nfl Bfrq dy hfkm bxy sn qF AunHF ny kuwJ smyN aMdr hI swiBafcfrk pwKoN ieQoN dIaF bolIaF qy BfsLfvF 'qy hmlf kIqf sI. dysL vfsIaF aMdr pfVf pfAux df ieh vI bsqIvfdIaF df sucyq jqn sI, BfvyN ik afpxI pRsLfsink  pRxflI nUM clfAux vflf klrk lfxf iqafr krn dI duhfeI idwqI jFdI sI- pr iesdy arQ bhuq zUMGy sn. AunHF dy Aus vyly cuwky ienHF sLfqr kdmF ny BfrqIaF dy aMdr afpxI bolI aqy afpxI BfsLf pRqI ijhVI hIx Bfvnf pYdf kIqI sI sfzy lok AusqoN awj qwk vI injLfq nhIN pf sky. sfzy bOiDk hlikaF aqy buwDIjIvIaF ny ies hIx Bfvnf nUM dUr krn bfry bhuq Gwt jqn kIqy hn. ies bfry lok cyqnf nUM iqwKI krn dy sucyq jqn hoxy cfhIdy hn qF ik sfnUM afpxIaF bolIaF aqy BfsLfvF 'qy mfx ho sky. aijhy kdm dysL vfsIaF aMdr BfeIcfrk sFJ pYdf krn dy sbwb bxdy hn aqy swiBafcfrk pwKo iksy vI kOm nUM amIr bnfAux ivc shfeI huMdy hn. Xfd rhy dunIaF df AuWGf isafsI itwpxIkfr nOm cOmskI pUMjIvfd dy pRcfrk buwDIjIvIaF nUM 'swqf dy pRohq' afKdf hY. drasl iehI 'pRohq' afpxIaF grjF dI pUrqI Kfqr gulfmI dI Aumr lMmI krn ivc shfeI hoey  aqy afpxy hI lokF nUM BMblBUsy ivc pfAuNdy rhy. ajy vI gdrI bfibaF  vloN isrjy supinaF vflf smfj sQfpq nhIN ho sikaf , AudoN vI hflfq ieho jhy sn qy bfibaF ny ikhf sI :

 

pUMjIdfrF  dI  alK  mukf leIey

lhU pIqf inqfixaF ikrqIaF df

---

nfl imMnqF hwk nhIN imlx lwgy

afAu hwk  leIey  hwkdfr  vFgU.

 

gdr pfrtI dI sLqfbdI mnfAuNidaf 100 vrHy bfad vI Bfrq dy ikrqI-kfmy, iksfnF mjLdUrF dI hflq inwGrI peI hY. dysL BgqF dy vfrsF df PLrjL bxdf hY ik hr koeI ijhVf vI ijs ZMg nfl vI bfibaF dy isrjy qy ajy vI aDUry pey supny pUry kr skx ivc shfeI ho sky Auh afpxf qfx lfvy. prdysIN vsdy afpxI imwtI dy moh ipafr ivc ies Gol nUM awgy qorn ivc jrUr shfeI huMdy rihxgy.

 


pihlF koeI rwKVI dy arQ qF dwsy

- kyhr rIPL

BfrqI smfj aMdr rwKVI purfxf iqAuhfr igixaf jFdf hY. ieh afpxI kl vtfAuNdf hoieaf afpxy aslI arQ guaf ky Byz-cfl df rUp Dfrn kr cuwkf hY. smyN dy qurn nfl vkq dy arQ bdldy hI rihMdy hn. iesy qrHF kdy bf-mksd khy jF smJy jFdy iqAuhfr df rUp vI by-mksd ho igaf hY. hux qF ieh vpfrk rUp Dfrn kr igaf hY. awj dy KpqkfrI Xuwg ny ies nfl sbMDq irqy dy asl vI iBRt kr idwqf hY. ipafr - sFJ dI QF loB-lflc  iesdf mksd ho igaf hY.

rwKVI BYx-Brf dy ipafr df pRqIk mMinaF jFdf hY. ho skdf hY pCVy simaF ivc kdy ieh pRqIk swc vI irhf hovy. pr hux ies vfsqy kwcy DfigaF qoN lY ky kImqI rwKVIaF dI kI loV hY? kI cIF-vsqF BYx-Brf dy ipafr df mfp dMz bx skdIaF hn? socx dI gwl qF ieh hY BYx-Brf dy ipafr dI DVkx vfsqy rwKVI vrgy DfigaF dI kI loV hY? kI ieh idKfvf nhIN? pKMz nhIN? kI koeI pKMz iMdgI dy XQfrQ aMdr koeI arQ bx skdf hY? iblkuwl nhIN. ieh qF afpxy afp nfl vI DoKf hY.

kdy aOrq ablf, inqfxI, kmor qy dUijaF `qy inrBr hI smiJaf jFdf sI. iesy qrHF dI GtIaf soc ny hI ies nfks iksm dy 'iqAuhfr` jnm idwqf hovygf. ijhVf iKafl aOrqF dy iKlfP hovy aOrqF hI Aus cfa nfl mnfAux ieh qF afpxy iKlfP rcI sfij dy ikfr ho jfxf hI afiKaf jf skdf hY. kI aOrq mrd qoN kmor smJxf TIk hY? iblkuwl nhIN, ieh asloN hI rwd krn Xog ivcfr hY. ieiqhfs imsflF nfl Biraf ipaf hY ik lohy vrgy ijgry vflIaF aOrqF ny mrdF qoN ikqy vwD hOsly BrpUr krm kIqy. kI hY koeI aijhf iensfn jo mfeI Bfgo (hfl dI GVI cflI mukiqaF bfry bihs nUM Cwz idMdy hF) dy krm mrdF qoN AUxF-pOxF dws skdf hovy? ikhf jFdf hY ik jdoN gurU dy isMG afpxI kmorI kfrn gurU dy nF bydfvf ilK afey sn qF iks ny lfanq pfeI sI AunHF ''sUrimaF'' ? kIhny qfhnF mfridaF vMgfiraf sI AunHF ik qusIN cUVIaF pf ky Gr bYTo asIN jMg lVFgIaF? ieh bhfdr, sUrbIr aOrqF hI sn ijnHF dI axKI llkfr ny AunHF Bwj afey mrdF muV mrdfngI vwl qoiraf sI. kOx nhIN jfxdf rfxI JFsI df nF ijs ny dy BgqI df JMzf bulMd kIqf. Bfrq dy sMGrsL vfsqy lVn vflI bIbI gulfb kOr qy hor hjLfrF vIrFgxF kI AunHF inqfxIaF, kmor qy ablfvF ikhf jf skdf hY? kdIN vI nhIN. kOx nhIN jfxU PlorYNs nfeIitMgyl dy nF qoN aqy Auhdy vloN kIqI mnuwKqf dI syvf qoN? pihly qy ajoky smyN aMdr vI hor bhuq sfrIaF aOrqF hoeIaF jo BfvyN BfrqI smfj df aMg nf vI rhIaF hox pr mnuwKqf dI syvf ivc AunHF df nF mrdF qoN ikqy vwD suinhry awKrF ivc rihMdI dunIaF qwk cmkdf rhygf. ajoky simaF ivc iksy qoN vI vwD mnuwKqf dI syvf krn vflI mdr trysf. kI hY koeI nf-vfikP rof lksmbrg aqy sImon dy bYvUafr dy nF qoN ijnHF ny mnuwKI smfj aMdr aOrq-mrd dI brfbrI qy smfnqf df sunyhf idMidaF ies Kfqr Gol kIqf aqy aOrqF dy mnF aMdr svY-ivvfs dI DfrnF pwikaF kIqf. svY-ivvfs, sPlqf sihq jIvn jIAUx df mfrg vI afiKaf jFdf hY.

kI kfrn hY ik bhfdrF, sUrbIrF aqy gurUaF dI DrqI dIaF DIaF/BYxF dunIaF dIaF sB qoN kmor BYxF smiJaf jfvy aqy ies soc hor pwikaF krn vfsqy rwKVI vrgIaF JUTIaF 'dlIlF` nfl pwikaF vI kIqf jfvy? ikAuN Dfgy dI zor dy afsry BrfvF qoN afpxI rfKI df vcn ilaf jfvy ? kI KUn dy irqy ivc ieMnI vI iKwc nhIN huMdI ik drd afpxy afp jfgy? kI sfry Brf, BYxF qoN jorfvr, sUrbIr qy bhfdr hI huMdy hn? kI sfrIaF hI BYxF kmor huMdIaF hn? ieh iblkuwl swc nhIN, Pyr JUT Byzcfl dI kUcI nfl klI krky Aus swc df nfm ikAuN idwqf jfvy? ieh iksy glq ivcfr vfr vfr pRcfr ky pwikaF krky smfj dy mwQy qy klMk lfAux df jqn hY. aPsos! ik ieh lgfqfr ho irhf hY.

ieiqhfs dy jfxkfr ieh jfxdy hn ik kbIlf pRbMD vyly BfrqI smfj aMdr aOrq kbIly dI afgU/muKI rhI hY. pirvfr dI mohrI vI Auh hI huMdI sI. aijhy suinhry smyN hI mF DrqI dy brfbr smiJaf igaf aqy DrqI DrqI mF df drjf idwqf igaf. kIhny, kdoN ikhVI sfij rcI aqy kI kfrn sn ik aOrq jo smfj dI agvfeI kr rhI sI Aus ablf, kmor qy hIxI afid dy ivyxF ivc bMinHaF igaf aqy Dwky nfl hI Aus mrdF qoN kmor hox df aihsfs krvfieaf igaf. afKr ikAuN? kI kfrn sn ies ivcfr dy ipwCy? ikhf ieh hI jf skdf hY ik mrdF df DfVvI rvweIaf ies df kfrn bixaF hovygf. dUjf BfrqI smfj aMdr ihMdU-mwq dy bhuq sfry dwikafnUsI ivcfrF ny aOrq dUjy drjy df (GtIaf) iensfn hox df aihsfs krvfAux vwl Dwkx vfsqy afpxf iGnfAuxf ihwsf pfAuNdy hoey koeI rm mihsUs nhIN kIqI. aOrq dy pytoN jMm ky Ausy hI GtIaf, inkMmI qy kmor smJx df iKafl pYdf krky Aus pRcfrn aqy pwikaF krn vfsqy byrmI BrI kmIngI nfl pUrf or lfieaf. ieho kmIngI hI AunHF kmIinaF dI 'mrdfngI` sI.

ieh 'iqAuhfr` isrP BfrqI iqAuhfr hY. kI dunIaF aMdr sB qoN kmor BYxF isrP Bfrq aMdr hI vsdIaF hn? (BfrqI smfj nfl sbMDq bfhr vsdy vI ies ivc hI fml hn). kI ienHF BfrqI BYxF hI BrfvF vloN rfKI dI loV hY? dunIaF dIaF bfkI BYxF BrfvF dI koeI loV nhIN? jF Pyr BfrqI lokF dI soc anusfr Auh afpxy BrfvF ipafr hI nhIN krdIaF? ipafr qF iek jbf hY. ieh BYx-Brf hI nhIN hr iensfn aMdr huMdf hY. ieh qF aihsfs df bMDn hY. ieh KUn dy irqy df jF hT nfl isrjy iksy vI suwcy irqy df swc hY. aijhy pivwqr aqy idlI moh dy iriqaF iksy rwKVI vrgy Dfgy dI JUTI vkflq dI koeI loV nhIN. loV hY qF isdkI swc aqy smyN prKx vflI inrml pfxI vrgI inwKrI soc/sUJ dI. loB-lflc qoN ibnf ivcrdy siqkfr qy ipafr Bry afpsI sbMDF dI. BYx-Brf vloN awj dy KpqkfrI Xuwg qoN vwKry ho ky scfeI Biraf loB rihq 'Drm` pflx dI.

Bfrq dI gwl krnI hovy qF BrfvF qoN isafxIaF BYxF df ikr krnf vI bxdf hY. aOiKaF simaF ivc aOrqF AunHF dy hwkF qoN jfgrUk krky sMgiTq krn df kfrj krn aqy ajfdI leI Gol krn vflI AuWGI dy Bgq aruxf afisP alI qy pMjfb dI vwzy nfmxy qy duijaF leI kurbfnI krn vflI ivmlf zFg afid Aumr Br lVIaF aOrqF dy kf vfsqy. grIb-gurby dI mwdd leI inwqrI qy lgfqr Gol krn vflI myGf pftykr ny afpxf jIvn hI dUijaf dy lyKy lfieaf, iesy qrFH hI vwzy nfmxy vflI lyKkf qoN smfj suDfr dy rsqy qurI arunDqI rOey df nF ilaf jf skdf hY. afDuink smyN qknIkI Xuwg ivc inqrn vflIaF klpnf cfvlf aqy sunIqf ivlIam vI BrfvF qoN jorfvr BYxF afKIaF jf skdIaF hn. ienHF inqfxIaF kihxF mfvF, BYxF qy DIaF df apmfn hY. DIaF-BYxF vfilAu ieh apmfn nf kro.

ieh vI smJx vflI gwl hY ik dunIaF dy pwDr `qy inqfxI qy kmor smJI jfx vflI aOrq ny bhuq hI sfhs aqy sPlqf BrpUr sPr qYa kIqf hY. pOxI sdI hox vflI hY jdoN nfarf lwgf sI ik "aOrq ablf nhIN kqI hY. BfrqI smfj aMdr jmhUrIaq, iensfP aqy amn psMd lokF vloN aqy mnuwKI aiDkfrF df dm Brn vfilaF vloN aOrq dy mfx, svYmfn ivc AuTdIaF aijhIaF homMd avfF qy ivcfrF qkiVaF ho ky pRcfrn qy pRsfrn dI loV hY qF ik BfrqI nfrI afpxy AuWqy Dwky-DONs nfl mwloorI lwdy gey JUT, dMB qy pKMz pCfVidaF swc vwl qurn df dlyrI Biraf hOslf kr sky.

awj dy BfrqI smfj ibnf socy smJy lkIr dy PkIr bxn vflI puwTI mwq qoN bcfAux vfsqy loV hY ik kwcy, pwky (ssqy-mihMgy) DfigaF dI qor bdl ky iMdgI ivc swc qy sUJ Bry arQ pYdf kIqy jfx. Awj smyN nUM rwKVI vrgy pfKMz qoN Cutkfry dI loV hY. afs kIqI jfxI cfhIdI hY ik afAux vflf smF ies byarQI Byz-cfl qoN jrUr Cutkfrf pfvygf. ieh ivvfs smyN dI qor aMdr sfrQkqf pYdf kr skdf hY. nvyN rfhF AuWqy nvIaF pYVF nfl qurn vfly hI iMdgI aMdr nvIN DVkx pYdf kr skdy hn.

 


(jy pqnI afp qoN sUJvfn hovy qF Aus qoN iswKx ivc kI hrjL hY?(

ijMLdgI df jsLn

- kyhr sLrIPL

 dunIaF df hr pfgl afpxy afp nUM sB qoN isafxf smJdf hY. aijhf vihm isrP pfglF nUM hI nhIN bhuq sfry hor lokF nUM vI hY. ies krky hI Auh jqn krdy rihMdy hn ik iksy nf iksy qrFH AunHF df nF vI isafxy / sUJvfn  lokF ivc vwjy. bws! ies vwj-vjfeI dI Dun suxn vfsqy Auh bury dy Gr qwk jfx qoN vI guryjL nhIN krdy. ieh qF sfry lok jfxdy hn ik hr kfrj pUrqI vfsqy sKq imhnq dI mMg krdf hY. bhuwq Gwt lok hn jo isafxp qwk phuMcx vfsqy jF isafxy (aklmMd) bxn vfsqy iksy irsLI dI smfDI vflI qpwisaf vrgI imhnq krdy hox jF krn df sMklp rwKdy hox. bhuqy qF dfa lwgx dI Bfvnf jF mOkf-myl vflI Jfk aDIn pfr lwgx vfly nusKy vflI ilKI prcI hI vfr vfr pVHI jFdy hn, ijs nfl AunHF dy iksy Bly dI afs nhIN kIqI jf skdI. ibnf sUJ Bry qrk/dlIl qoN isrP ivrsy dy nF hyT smF ivhf cuwkI iksy GsI iptI jhI lIk qy qurI jfx nfl mnuwK dy aMD ivsLvfsI ho jfx df zr bixaf rihMdf hY.

         

afpxy hI JUT dy Kol ivc vVy bYTy isafxy hox df Brm pflx vfly jdoN kdy iksy bfhrlI loa dy drsLn krdy hn qF hYrfnI AunHF nUM vI bhuq huMdI hY ikAuNik aijhy aKOqI buwDIjIvI jF kho nklI isafxy ttIhrI dy kbIly ivcoN hI khy jf skdy hn ijnHF nUM asmfn afpxIaF hI tMgF dy bl afsry itikaf hox df vihm ho jFdf hY. aijhy ivakqI jdoN kdy, ikDry sUJvfnF dy iekwT, sBf jF smfgmF ivc jFdy hn qF AunHF df nMg dyKx Xog huMdf hY. aijhy vyly qF AunHF dy pol df Kol iqVkdf suixaF qy iKlrdf dyiKaf jf skdf hY Pyr, AunHF nUM afieaf psInf brP ivc lf ky vI KusLk nhIN kIqf jf skdf.

         

jdoN iensfn afpxI jIvn qor nUM boc boc ky pwb Drn vFg jIAUxf iswK jfvy qF Auh suK, duwK hMZfAuNidaF hr mOky KusL rihxf iswK jFdf hY. sbwb nfl sOiKaF hI imilaf suKI jIvn bhuq sfiraF nUM axmnuwKI lIhy vI qor idMdf hY ijsnUM iensfnI jIvn ivc afieaf inGfr hI afiKaf jf skdf hY. pr jy iensfn qor nUM sfvIN rwKky qury qF Auh ivakqI mOky-myl nfl afey duwK dy plF ivc vI Audfs nhIN huMdf qy nf hI Gfbrdf hY, sgoN TrMmy BrI sUJ nfl aijhI siQqI df mukfblf krdf hoieaf ijwq pRfpq krdf hY.

         

dunIaFdfrI ivc hr iksy nfl vfh pYNdf hY. afp qoN isafixaF nfl vI, afp qoN kmiaF nfl vI aqy afpxy vrigaF nfl vI. ieh hr iksy dy afpxy vs hI huMdf hY, iesy bfry socxf bxdf hY ik Auh vwKo-vwK suBfvF jF AuWcy nIvyN igafn pwDr vfly lokF nfl ikvyN df vqIrf apxfvy jF vrqfa qy ivhfr kry? kI Auh afpxy qoN qkVy jF isafxy nUM Juk ky slfm kry? nhIN. iksy vI isafxy/sUJvfn qoN kuwJ iswKxf bxdf hY. pr afp qoN hIxy jF mfVy nUM AuWcf cuwk ky afpxy brfbr ilafAux df jqn vI krnf cfhIdf hY. ieh cMgy iensfnF dy vs dI hI gwl hY. sMsfr df clx ies dy Ault hY bhuqy lok afpxy qoN hIixaF/mfiVaF nUM dbfAux df hI jqn krdy rihMdy hn ies nfl mnuwKI jIvn aMdr ivgfV pYdf huMdy hn. smfj dy ivkfs df qol-qukFq asfvF hox lgdf hY.

         

jIvn Xfqrf ivcIN lMGidaF vwzy bxn dI qFG bhuq sfry lokF dy mnF ivc pYdf huMdI hY. ieh mfVI vI nhIN. imhnqI, isrVI aqy isdkI lok afpxy jqnF nfl iewQoN qwk phuMc vI jFdy hn. ikMnf cMgf hovy jy vwzy bxn dy nfl hI cMgy bxn vflI KfihsL vI mn aMdr py qy AusdI pUrqI vI kIqI jfvy. ies nfl smfj ivc cMigafeI df psfr huMdf hY. bdI nUM nkfrn df ieh vI iek rfh hY.

         

sfzy smfj ivc bhuq sfry lok GtIaf sMskfrF (sMskfr sfry mfVy nhIN huMdy) dy asr aDIn afm krky ajy qwk vI aOrq df apmfn krn dy bhfny hI Bfldy rihMdy hn. bhuq sfry lok afpxI mF, BYx nUM qF iewjq idMdy hn pr afpxIaF hI pqnIaF nUM afpxy qoN hIxf smJx lwg pYNdy hn. lVfeI-JgVy, mfr-kutfeI, mfVI hox df sLwk kIqf jFdf hY, GtIaf iksm dy qfinHaF, imhixaF nfl aOrqF dy svYmfx nUM ivMinHaF jFdf hY, jLKLmI kIqf jFdf hY. pwCmI smfj aMdr vI Gr vfilaF (Kfs krky pqIaF) vloN sqfeIaF aOrqF dI sFB-sMBfl vfsqy surwiKaf kyNdr bxy hoey hn. ijwQy ieho jhIaF smfj aqy siQqIaF vloN sqfeIaF aOrqF dI BIV lwgI rihMdI hY. pwCmI smfj aMdr aOrq sucyq vI hY, afrQk qOr qy afqm inrBr vI hY pr Pyr vI keI koJH ies smfj dy mwQy dy klMk bxdy hn. mrd pRDfn smfj aMdr pl rhy koJHF krky ies nUM  duwK Biraf iek Audfs nukqf/vrqfrf  hI ikhf jf skdf hY.

         

sfzy lokF nUM bhuq sfry kfrnF krky bfhr jfx dI lfg lwg geI hY. ies krky hI lok afpxIaF izgrIaF qwk pVHIaF DIaF nUM ibnf hfx-pRvfn dyiKaF aijhy muMizaF dy lV lfx qoN nhIN iJjkdy jo iblkuwl AunHF kuVIaF dy  lfiek nhIN huMdy. loB huMdf hY ik mgr hI asIN vI ikDry bfhr cly jfvFgy. kuVIaF ijvyN idn-ktI krdIaF hn ieh Auh mfpy nhIN jfxdy huMdy. keI kuVIaF by-igxq qsIhy JwldIaF hn, pr mfipaF dI iewjq nUM vwtf nf lwgy, mfipaF dI iewjq dI bdnfmI qoN zr lgdf hY. Auh iesy ivcfr dI lwj pfldIaF jLulm dy isLkMjy ivc kwsIaF idn ktI krn vfsqy mjLbUr ho jFdIaF hn, duwKF dy vylxy ivc inwq npIVIaF jFdIaF hn.

         

afm sfDfrn jhy lok jy BuwlF krn qF lok hoAU-pry kr idMdy hn pr isafxy khy jF smJy jfx vfly vI jdoN sfDfrn buwDI df idKfvf krdy hn qF sB nUM hI burf lgdf hY. AunHF df ieh aml hr iensfn nUM duwK bxky cuBdf hY. ies nfl smfj dy ho rhy ivkfs ivc ivgfV pYdf huMdy hn. Auh ijhVy aYvyN hI ibnf iksy kfrnoN afpxIaF JUTIaF isPqF df pfitaf Zol g ivc pfeI iPrdy hn AunHF dy qF kihxy hI kI. AunHF dI hflq dI qF BfrqI iPlmF dy GtIaf jhy KlnfiekF nfl hI qulnf kIqI jf skdI hY. ijvyN ieh Klnfiek iksy ivroDI dI kuwtmfr krn qoN bfad AuhnUM DrqI qy suwt Auhdy lhU-luhfx hoey g qy afpxy ilwbVy bUt rwKky afpxy gRoh (jF gruwp) dy bfkI mYNbrF nUM ivskI dy pYWg dI cIarjL afKdy hoey ax-mnuwKI ijhf gMdf hfsf hwsdy hn.

         

kI mnuwKI irsLqy, Kfs krky pqI, pqnI df irsLqf iewQoN ku qwk hI huMdf hY ik AuhnUM DONs dy vylxy ivc pIiVaf jfvy. ieh hI imhxy mfrI jfxy ik ieh sB kuwJ myry krky hI hY. pqnI afp qoN sUJvfn hovy qF Aus qoN iswKx ivc kI hrjL hY? Ausdy igafn dI kdr kridaF afp vI isafxf bxn df jqn krnf cfhIdf hY. keI qF lwkVI nfl lohf qrn vflI khfvq nUM puwTI kridaF lohy nfl lwkVI zobx dy kfrj ivc hI ivasQ rihMdy hn pr Pyr vI afpxy afp nUM iensfn hI igxI jfxgy. aijhI siQqI qy koeI ikhVI itwpxI kry? bs! ieh hI ikhf jf skdf hY ik ienHF df rwb ienHF 'qy KYr eI kry aqy jy ho sky qF ienHF nUM sumwq bKsLy.

         

ijLMdgI qF jsLn hY-iesnUM mfnxf cfhIdf hY. sFJ qy KusLI BrI ijLMdgI vrgf hor koeI svrg nhIN huMdf. loV hY sUJ, smJ vrqidaF dwuK-suK vMzidaF, muhwbqF Biraf sFJf hfsf hwsx dI. afpxy pwly ivc JfkidaF afpxy gux hI nhIN afpxIaF GftF vI njLrIN pYdIaF hn. Pyr afpxy aMdr Jfkxf kI aOKf hY? AfpxIaF GftF dUr krn vwl iDafn idwqy jfx dI bhuq jLrUrq  hY. loV qF JUT, kuswq aqy Aujwzpuxy dI pwtI afpxI soc qoN lfhux dI hY. Pyr mnuwK duKF qy iPkrF vyly vI JoiraF qy AudfsI dy vs nhIN pYNdf. afpxy vloN hI kIqI svY-pVcol nfl PVy iswDy rfh dy afsry jIvI jf rhI ijLMdgI jsLn bx jFdI hY.

 


ijLMdgI df suwcf gux sihxLsLIlqf

 - kyhr sLrIPL

 suwK BrpUr ijLMdgI df suwcf rfh hY - sihxsLIlqf.  sihxsLIlqf jo sfzy jIvn ivc inmrqf  df gux pYdf krn df mUl bxdI hY. inmrqf ijs nfl iksy vI dUjy df idl ijwiqaf jf skdf hY BfvyN Auh ikho ijhf vI hovy. ijs mnuwK kol sihxsIlqf nf hovy suhj aqy sihj AusdI ijLMdgI ivcoN alop ho jFdy hn, aijhy mnuwK  Pyr aOJiVaF rfhF dy pFDI bx jFdy hn. aijhy rfh ijnHF dI koeI mMijLl nhIN huMdI qy aijhy rfhF dy rfhI AudysL ivhUxy ho ky qurn lwg pYNdy hn, AunHF df mksd guafc jFdf hY-arQF qoN swKxI Btkx AunHF dy pwly af pYNdI hY. ieh krm Pyr rfhoN BtikaF hoieaF vloN iksy axidsdI dIvfr nfl byQvIaF twkrF mfrn dy brfbr ho inwbVdf hY, ijs dy kdy vI sfriQk iswty nhIN inkl skdy kfrn Pyr AuhI - guaficaf hoieaf mksd.

         sfP-suQrI ijLMdgI jIAUx vfsqy mnuwK dy pwly lohy vrgf ijgrf qy cfnx vrgI soc aqy nYiqk pwKoN eImfndfrI df hoxf bhuq jrUrI huMdf hY. Auh isrP gwlIN bfqIN hI aijhf nf hovy sgoN Ausdy jIvn dy aml afp mUMhoN boldy hox. Pyr ieh vI nhIN Buwlxf cfhIdf ik  lok dUijaF nUM prKx vfsqy AunHF dIaF gwlF hI nhIN suxdy sgoN hr iksy dy aml nUM hI ksvwtI bxf ky prKdy hn. clfkIaF aqy cusqIaF krn vflf mnuwK hmysLf hI ieh socdf hY ik jo mYN kIqf hY jF kr irhf hF ies df qF iksy nUM pqf hI nhIN lwgxf. isrP numfiesLI qy bIby idsdy ichiraF vfly aijhy mnuwK iek gwl Buwl jFdy hn ik lok pRqIkRm vjoN jy nf vI kuwJ  kihx jF bolx qF awKF nfl dyKdy jrUr hn, ieh hI AunHF dI prK dI ksvwtI huMdI hY, keI gwlF ibnF khy vI bhuq asr kr jFdIaF hn, dyKx vfly kol pfrKU awKF hoxIaF cfhIdIaF hn. ies nfl cuwp ivcoN axkhy dy arQ PVy jf skdy hn. jdoN asIN dUijaF dI pRvfh krnI Cwz dyeIey jF dUijaF nUM afpxy qoN GtIaF jF hIxy smJx lwg jfeIey  Pyr smfj aMdr smwisafvF KVHIaF hoxIaF sLurU ho jFdIaF hn. iewQoN ivakqIgq  msly vI bxdy hn, ibnF mqlby tkrfa vI pYdf huMdy hn, irsLiqaF jF sbMDF ivc kuVwqxF vI pYdf huMdIaF hn.  ieh sfrf kuwJ mnuwK dy inGfr df kfrn vI bxdf hY.  aijhI qxfa BrpUr siQqI iksy vI mnuwK leI mnoivigafnk AulJxF vI pYdf krdI hY, jo afpxy vloN bImfrIaF nUM jfxdy-bwuJdy hoey afp hI swdf dyxf vI huMdf hY aqy smfj aMdr bImfr soc df sMcfr krnf vI huMdf hY.  mnuwK df kIqf hr krm smfj nUM aqy smfj dy lokF nUM pRBfivq jrUr krdf hY Auh BfvyN QoVy icr vfsqy hovy jF Pyr lMby smyN vfsqy. mnuwK iehnUM smJy jF nf smJy ies nfl Prk nhIN pYNdf.  pr cwldy smyN dy aMdr smfj dI qor ivc ivgfV pYdf hoxy sLurU ho jFdy hn

          ieho hI Prk huMdf hY iksy dUr aMdysL mnuwK aqy afm mnuwK ivc ik afm mnuwK bhuq krky afpxy qwk hI sImq rihMdf hY, afpxy hI nPy-nuksfn df AusnUM iPkr rihMdf hY, jdoN ik  jigafsU aqy jfgdf mnuwK afpxy kIqy krm dy iswitaF vjoN smfj AuWqy pYx vfly pRBfv bfry vI iPkrmMd huMdf hY. aijhf Auh hI lok soc aqy kr skdy hn jo dUijaF nUM vI afpxf smJx . kihx df  Bfv mnuwKqf vfsqy  iPkrmMd hox. ieh hr mnuwK dy smfj pRqI PrjLf ivc vI sLfml hY - jy nhIN hY qF hoxf cfhIdf hY. ivakqIaF df smUh hI smfj hY . smfj ivc rihMdf hr mnuwK smfj df aMg  hY. ieh qF sB nUM pqf hI hY ik jy iksy vI aMg ivc koeI nuks pY jfvy qF ksLt sfry smfj nUM sihxf pYNdf hY.

          awj dy smfj df mnuwK bhuq sfry pwKF ivc agFh jfx dI QfvyN jF qF iewko QfvyN KVHf njLr afAuNdf hY jF ipCFh vwl JfkI jf irhf hY. ivrsy  aqy sMskfrF dy  nF hyT asIN vrqmfn ivc jIAUx qoN pCV rhy hF, bIqy hoey kwlH ivc rih geIaF GftF qoN iswKxf cfhIdf hY. awj df mnuwK vrqmfn smyN ivc mMzI dy Xuwg qoN loVoN vwD pRBfivq hI nhIN sgoN Kud mMzI df mfl bx irhf hY. iesy krky hI awj df mnuwK sfzI afAux vflI pIVHI vfsqy koeI nvIN pYV pfAux ivc kfmXfb nhIN ho irhf. ieh sfzf awj df sB qoN vwzf duKFq hY. ies svY isrjy rog vloN sB qoN vwD bicaf  jfxf cfhIdf hY. pr svfl Pyr pYdf huMdf hY ik asIN ies vfsqy kI kr rhy hF. kI kuwJ krnf vI cfhuMdy hF jF nhIN. smF qF bhuq kuwJ krn dI mMg kr irhf hY.

           awj asIN afpxI soc  dy lflc vs , afpxI hAumYN nUM qkiVaF krn ivc XkIn rwKdy hF ijs nfl asIN inmr hox dI QF GumMzI huMdy jf rhy hF, ijsnUM gurbfxI ivc 'hAumYN aEKD rog ' ikhf igaf hY. ies krky hI asIN afpxy afp df muwl vI nhIN jfc skdy, KfhmKfh asIN Auh kuwJ dwsxf cfhux lwg pYNdy hF  jo kuwJ asIN huMdy hI nhIN. ieh vI Xfd rwKx vflI gwl hY ijhVI asIN aksr Buwl jFdy hF jF cyqy nhIN rwKxf cfhuMdy ik nklI ichry aslI vrgy ids qf skdy hn pr ho nhIN skdy. idsx qy hox ivc bVf Prk huMdf hY. ijs mnuwK kol 20 jF 50 ikwlo Bfr cuwkx dI smrwQf hovy jdoN Auh afpxy afp nUM gwlI-bfqIN 100 ikwlo cuwkx vflf hox dI PVH mfr irhf huMdf hY qF suxn vfly koeI itwpxI krn dI QF hws ky gwl tfl idMdy hn jy koeI smJx vflf hovy qF lokF df ieh muskVIaF hwisaf hfsf Aus glq ibafnI kr rhy mnuwK qy ibn boilaf bVI vwzI itwpxI huMdI hY. loV smJx dI pYNdI hY. ijsnUM nklI ichiraF vfly jfxdy hoey vI axgOilaF krnf psMd krdy hn. Auh iksy JUT nfl idl pRcfAux ivc ivasQ ho jFdy hn. swc AunHF dI pkV ivc Pyr nhIN afAuNdf. pr aijhI hflq ivc jqn krnf cfhIdf hY afpxf afpf pihcfnx df ies bfry socidaF afpxy mn ivc cMgy gux pYdf krn df jrUr iKafl pYdf hovygf . ies qrHF dy iKafl jdoN vI mn ivc afAux qF bMdf BivwK nUM cMgf bnfAux bfry vI jrUr socdf hY. Pyr asIN afpxI qor qy hI inrBr huMdy hF ik kdoN afpxI mMijLl qy phuMcdy hF. ies hflq ivc kdy vI mn ivc hMkfr nhIN Aupjxf cfhIdf. hF! hr iksy nUM afpxI kIqI imhnq qy mfx jrUr hoxf cfhIdf hY, jy mfx hovygf qF mnuwK df mn hor vI inmrqf Biraf rfh PVygf- mnuwK dy mn ivc hor vI sihxsLIlqf df vfs hovygf. imhnq, inmrqf aqy imwT bolVf suBfa jdoN rl ky cwlx qF pRfpqIaF dUr nhIN rihMdIaF. aijhy  vyilaF ivc  qF bfby nfnk vloN  jIvn jfc bfry idwqI mwq vI cyqy krnI cfhIdI hY ik, 'imwTuq nIvI nfnkf gux cMigafeIaF qwq'. aijhI jIvn jfc nfl jIa rhy inmr mnuwK nUM hr koeI ipafrdf hY. mnuwK dI bol bfxI hI AusdI prK krvfAuNdI hY, Ausdf mfx GtfAuNdI jF vDfAuNdI hY.

          afpxI aglI pIVIH dIaF asIN bhuq gwlF krdy hF. lok TwgIaF-TorIaF qy byeImfnIaF krky afpxy bwicaF vfsqy vwzIaF jfiedfdF bxfAUNdy hn. kI mfVy DMidaF dy afsry bxfeIaF jfiedfdF sfnUM swc nfl juVn qoN rok nhIN dyxgIaF? ies qrHF krky afpxy bwicaF nUM asIN ikhVI jIvn jfc dy lV lf jfvFgy? ies krky kihxf ieh hI bxdf hY ik asIN afpxI aglI pIVHI nUM jy kuwJ dyxf hovy qF ihMmq aqy hOslf dyeIey, swcI-suwcI ikrq df swiBafcfr dyeIey, inqfxy dI iDr bxn dI soc dyeIey ik Auh sfzy kIqy kMmF qoN jrUr awgy jfx, Auh sfzIaF pYVF ivc pYV Drn dy afdI nf hox ies dy QF afpxIaF rfhF afp qYa krn. smyN anusfr afpxIaF nvIaF pYVF pfAux ikAuNik Auh sfzy Xuwg qoN agly Xuwg dy vfsI hoxgy. pr asIN AunHF dy sihXogI jrUr bxIeyN . iewQy do gwlF KlLIl ijbrfn dIaF cyqy afAuNdIaF hn Auh bwicaF bfry gwl kridaF afKdf hY :

 

BfvyN bwcy quhfzy aMg sMg rihMdy hn pr Auh quhfzI mlkIaq nhIN huMdy.

bysLwk qusIN afpxf ipafr AunHf AuWqy  inCfvr kro pr afpxy ivcfr AunHF AuWqy nf mVHo.

qusIN jqn kro AunHF vrgy bx jfvo pr AunHF nUM afpxy vrgy bnfAuxf nf loco.

ikAuNik ijLMdgI ipCFh nhIN JfkdI  nf hI bIq cuwky klH nfl kdy KloNdI hY

qusIN Auh kmfn ho jIhdy ivcoN quhfzy bwcy jINdy jfgdy qy jIvn nfl DVkdy qIrF vFg awgy Byjy jFdy hn.

 

           ieho jhIaF kImqI gwlF jF ivcfr KlIl ijbrfn vrgf isafxf mnuwK hI kr skdf hY. asIN pVHIey qF seI. asIN aijhy sUJvfnF qoN mwq lY ky awgy vDx vflI syD qy cwlIey qF shI. jdoN ies rfhy awgy vDFgy qF iswty afpxy afp sfzy hwk ivc hoxgy.

           bwicaF bfry aijhy muwlvfn ivcfr sfnUM pVHdy rihxf cfhIdf hY. qF asIN bhuq hwd qwk glqI krn dI sMBfvnf qoN bc jfvFgy, bwicaF dy sB qoN pihly rol mfzl jF khIey pRyrnf sRoq AunHF dy afpxy mfpy hI huMdy hn. ies krky sB qoN vwzI juMmyvfrI vI mfipaF dI hI bxdI hY ik mfpy afp aijhf koeI kMm nf krn ijs qoN Auh afpxy bwicaF nUM vrjdy hox. ies qrHF aml ivc bwcy jo dyKxgy AunHF nUM pRyiraf jfvy qF Auh afpxI ijLMdgI ivc AunHF gwlF nUM jrUr apnfAuxgy. iewQy bhuq sfrIaF imsflF idwqIaF jf skdIaF hn, JUT bolxf, nsLy krny, Auhly vfly gYr ieKLlfkI kMm, mrdF vloN aOrqF qy hwQ cuwkxf aqy hor bhuq kuwJ, ies sB kfsy qoN sfnUM pfsy rihxf cfhIdf hY. jdoN asI sfP suQrI ijLMdgI jIAUx dy rfhy qurdy hovFgy qF sihj jhy ies vrqfry nfl asIN afpxy bwicaF nUM vI bhuq hI muwlvfn qy swcIaF suwcIaF iensfnI kdrF-kImqF dy lV lf skdy hF. iehdy vfsqy imhnq ieMnIN hI krnI pYNdI hY ik asIN JUT qy iksy vI gYr-nYiqk aqy Auhly vflI ijLMdgI jIAUx qoN ienkfrI rhIey. aijhI nklI iksm dI ijLMdgI jIAUdy lok afpxy bwicaF nUM iksy mfVy kMmoN vrjx dy hwkdfr nhIN huMdy. AunHF dy khy df lokF qy vI  AuWnf hI asr huMdf hY ijvyN Drm nUM vycx vfly iksy pfKMzI bfby df Dfrimk isiKafvF bfry kIqf iviKafn aqy vMzy jF vycy jf rhy JUTy pRvcn.

         sfnUM jqn krnf cfhIdf hY ik asIN  afpxI koeI vI gwl mnvfAux qoN pihlF iksy dUsry dI gwl suxn df jqn krIey. Pyr iksy dUsry nUM hIxf jF Cotf krn bfry asIN afpxIaF GVIaF hoeIaF GtIaF DfrnfvF nUM aml ivc ilafAux qoN bc jfvFgy. pr aijhy kfrj krn vfsqy loV pYNdI hY ik mn dusry dIaF gwlF nUM sihxsLIlqf nfl suxy qy ivcfry jy mn lwgy qF apxfvy vI. nhIN qF dlIl nfl inmrqf sihq ienkfr vI kIqf jf skdf hY. afpxI iewjq krvfAux df rfh iek hI hY ik asIN dUsiraF dI iewjq krnI iswKIey qF lok afpxy afp sfzI iewjq krn lwg pYxgy pr jy iksy nUM durBfvnf qihq kOVy bol boly jfxgy qF bdly ivc koeI vI KMz-pqfsy sfzy mUMh ivc nhIN pfAux lwgf. ies vfsqy mnuwK df sihxsLIl hoxf jrUrI huMdf hY. sihxsLIl hoxf iksy dUsry dy Qwly lwgxf nhIN huMdf sgoN ieh brfbrI dy irsLqy kfiem krn vflf sfAU rfh hY.

         ijhVy lok hAumYN dy isLkfr hox AunHF nUM ieh gwl kdIN vI  nhIN BuwlxI cfhIdI sgoN hr vyly cyqy rwKxI cfhIdI hY ik ikDirAuN AuDfry ley jF corI kIqy iksy dy ivcfr jF iksy dUsry  qoN mMg ky pfey hoey kwpiVaF vrgy hI huMdy hn. kdy vI ienHF nUM afpxy nhIN kihxf cfhIdf, ienHF df Byd kdy vI  KuWlH skdf hY Pyr sLrimMdgI hMZfAux qoN ibnF koeI cfrf nhIN rihMdf. ieh sLrimMdgI hor kuwJ dyvy jF nf dyvy hF ijMdgI nUM ivgocy vrgf kuwJ jrUr dy jfvygI, iehI ivgocf koeI rog vI bx skdf hY. ies rog qoN bcx df rfh hY ik asIN afpxy igafn dI sImf ivc hI rhIey ikAuNik  sfzI smrwQf bfry sfzy vfikP, imwqr-dosq, irsLqydfr qy sky-sbMDI sfry jfxdy hI huMdy hn. afpixaF nUM BulyKy pfAux dy jqn AunHf dI qOhIn jF byiejLqI krn dy brfbr hI huMdf hY. iesy nUM hI qF nklI ijLMdgI jIAUxf ikhf jFdf hY.

         ijvyN afm ikhf jFdf hY  ik koeI vI mnuwK sMpUrn nhIN huMdf . ies nUM iDafn ivc rwKidaF iksy dI vI inMidaf krn qoN pihlF sfnUM afpxI mF bolI pMjfbI dy pihly kvI bfbf sLyK PrId dy mwq idMdy ieh sLbd nhIN Bulfxy cfhIdy  ik :

 

PrIdf jy qU akil lqIP

kfly  ilKu  nf  lyK ..

afpnVy igrIvfn mih

isru nIvF  kir dyKu ..

 

           jy ies df iswDf ijhf arQ krnf hovy qF ieh hI bxdf hY ik jy asIN iksy vwl iewk AuNgl cuwkdy hF qF iqMn AuNglf sfzy afpxy vwl iesLfrf krdIaF hn, ies krky iksy nUM kuwJ kihx qoN pihlF afpxy pwly ivc Jfq mfr lYxI cfhIdI hY. ieh iqMn AuNglF sfnUM afpxI pVcol kridaF qolvyN sLbdF dy Aucfrx df sbk idMdIaF hn. ienHF vwl iDafn dyxf cfhIdf hY. pr jdoN sfzI ikrq aqy sfzy hwkF AuWqy iksy pfisAuN vI zfky pYx qF ienHF dy ivroD ivc afpxy hwkF vfsqy lVnf bhuq jrUrI ho jFdf hY. aijhI luwt nUM sihx krnf kdy vI jfiejL nhIN ikhf jf skdf.

            ieh bhuq hI sOKf hY ik asIN mfxBrI qy iewjq BrI ijLMdgI jIAux leI afpxy afpy nUM afkV , DONs  vrgy vqIiraF qoN bcfeIey ieh sfAU lokF nUM nhI soBdf ijLMdgI nUM sihxsLIl hox dy  rfhy  qorIey qF dunIaF ibn mMigaF pRsLMsf BrI KusLI quhfzy pwly ivc pfvygI. afpxy hI nhIN prfey vI quhfzy afpxy ho jfxgy. ieh jIvn jfc quhfzy vfsqy sOgfq sfbq ho skdI hY. ies qrHF dy rfh ivcIN lMGidaF sfnUM  iksy agly nklI svrg dI loV nhIN pvygI ieh DrqI aqy ieh jIvn sfzy vfsqy svrg qoN Gwt nhIN hoxgy. pr jIvn jfc apnfAux lwigaf mfx BrIaF suwcIaF iensfnI kdrF-kImqF df iKafl rwKxf jrUrI hY.

 


Auh ieiqhfs nUM mUDy-mMUh mfr rhy hn ierPfn hbIb                                    

mulfkfqI ryafjL Aul hk

anuvfd kyhr sLrIPL

 

mwDkflI Bfrq bfry dunIaF dy sB qoN vwzy mfihrF ivc igxy jfx vfly ierPfn hbIb Bfrq dy lok ieiqhfs lVI 'qy kMm kr rhy hn. ies aDIn do drjx qoN vwD ikqfbF af geIaF hn. irafjL Aul hk nfl gwl-bfq ivc Auh dws rhy hn ik ikvyN ieiqhfskfrF vfsqy vrqmfn ivc ho rhIaF qbdIlIaF ieiqhfs bfry AunHF dy njLrIey nUM vI bdl idMdIaF hn. ikRs hrmYn df 'ivsLv df lok ieiqhfs' aqy hfvrz ijn df 'amrIkf df lok ieiqhfs' kfPI cricq rhy hn.

 

ierPfn hbIb

 

?   Bfrq bfry ieh ivcfr ikvyN afieaf?

 

-   ds sfl hoey jdoN iKafl afieaf ik Bfrq df lok ieiqhfs iliKaf jfxf cfhIdf hY. AudoN BfrqI jnqf pfrtI lok ieiqhfs nUM mnmfny ZMg nfl qoV-mroV rhI sI. AunHF idnF ivc asIN ies 'qy kMm sLurU kIqf. sfnUM mwD pRdysL pfT pusqk ingm ny ies leI grFt idwqI sI. sLurU ivc ies nUM muwK rUp 'c ividafrQIaF dy pVHn vfsqy iqafr krnf sI. asIN ies dy rfhIN iek sunyhf dyxf cfhuMdy hF. ies ivc asIN AunHF cIjLF nUM vI rwK rhy hF ijnHf nfl asihmqI hY. ies df afm qOr qy iKafl rwiKaf jFdf hY ik smuwcI qsvIr AuBry.

 

?    iek afm pfTk vfsqy lok ieiqhfs aqy afm ieiqhfs ivc kI Prk huMdf hY?

 

-   lok ieiqhfs ivc asIN sfry hI pihlUaF nUM ivcfrn df jqn krdy hF Bfrq ivc rfj kfPI mhwqvpUrn huMdf sI ieh isrP sLfsk vrg df rwiKak nhIN sI huMdf sgoN AusdI ivcfrDfrf dI vI rfKI krdf sI. jfq-pfq ieh hI ivcfrDfrf hY. jfq-pfq ies krky hI qF cwl rhI hY ik pIVqF ny dbfey jfx vfilaF dI ivcfrDfrf nUM apxf ilaf. AunHF dIaF gwlF apxf leIaF. ies qrHF ivcfrDfrf vI mhwqvpUrn huMdI hY. sfzy iewQy aOrqF dI ijLMdgI dy sbMD ivc bhuq Gwt jfxkfrI hY. BfvyN ik AunHF dy bfry asIN bhuq Gwt gwlF jfxdy hF. jy ies bfry ivcfr jF qulnf krky dyKIey Pyr vI AunHF bfry bhuq Gwt iliKaf igaf hY. sfzy purfxy swiBafcfr ivc bhuq sfrIaF KrfbIaF vI sn. lok ieiqhfs ienHF 'qy ivsLysL iDafn dyx dI koisLsL hY. Bfrq df ieiqhfs ilKxf sOKf hY , QoVHI imhnq krnI pYNdI hY. ieh qF kuwJ vI kro krnI hI pYNdI hY. mwDkflI Bfrq dy bfry 'c ieiqhfsk sRoq kfPI imldy hn. pRfcIn Bfrq dy sbMD ivc isLlLflyK kfPI imldy hn, AunHF dI qrqIb vDIaf huMdI hY. ieiqhfs dy mfmly ivc Bfrq kfPI sLkqIsLflI irhf hY. pr iewQy bhuq sfry sLrimMdgI Bry irvfjL vI rhy hn, ijvyN dfs pRQf afid. ies lVI aDIn  ienHF sfiraF 'qy hI ivsQfr sihq ivcfr kIqf jf irhf hY.

 

?     Bfrq df lok ieiqhfs kI dysL dy bfry njLrIey ivc koeI qbdIlI ilafAux dI koisLsL hY?

 

-   ieiqhfs ilKx df mqlb nvIN Koj krnf nhIN hY. bhuq sfrIaF cIjLF AuWqy aksr lokF dI njLr nhIN jFdI, ijvyN qknIk df mfmlf hY. mwDkflI smfj ivc sfzy dysL ivc ikhVI qknIk sI? AudoN KyqI ikvyN huMdI sI, sMd ikhVy vrqy jFdy sn. ienHF pihlUaF AuWqy hux qwk nhIN iliKaf igaf. ies qrHF hI boDI-jYnI pRMprfvF bfry vI ieiqhfs ivc bxdf iDafn nhIN idwqf igaf. gulfm ikvyN rihMdy sn ies bfry vI ieiqhfs ivc nhIN iliKaf igaf. lok ieiqhfs ies sB-kfsy nUM smyt irhf hY.

  

?   ieiqhfs df arQ sLfsqr, sfihq, swiBafcfr vrgy dUsry ivisLaF nfl sMvfd lgfqfr vD irhf hY. ies nfl ieiqhfs df ilKxf ikMnf mhwqvpUrn ho irhf hY?

 

-   arQsLfsqr bfry kOtwilaf dI iek ikqfb hY. Aus ikqfb nUM smJx dy keI qrIky ho skdy hn. asIN AusnUM afpxy qrIky nfl smJdy hF, pr ieh nhIN ikhf jf skdf ik sfzf njLrIaf hI TIk hY. sMBfvnf sdf hI rhI hY nvyN ivcfrF dI, aijhy nvyN pihlU sdf sfhmxy afAuNdy rihxgy ijnHF 'qy njLr nhIN pfeI geI aqy ijnHF 'qy kMm hoxf hY.

 

?   Bfrq ivc pUMjIvfdI ivkfs bfry bihs ajy vI cwl rhI hY. mwDkfl bfry aqy pUMjIvfd dI qor sbMDI quhfzf vI aiDan irhf hY. dys ivc pUMjIvfd df ivkfs ikAuN nhIN ho sikaf? ies ivc aiVwkf pfAux vflIaF ikhVIaF qfkqF sn?

 

-                                pUMjIvfd df ivkfs qF pwCmI XUrp dy kuwJ dysLF ivc hI hoieaf. cIn, rUs aPrIkf aqy XUrp dy vI bhuq sfry dysLF ivc vI pUMjIvfd df ivkfs nhIN ho sikaf. asIN ieh nhIN kih skdy ik ies vfsqy isrP Bfrq hI dosLI hY ik iewQy pUMjIvfd df ivkfs nhIN ho sikaf- pwCmI XUrp ivc pUMjIvfd dy ivkfs vfsqy bhuq sfrIaF gwlF df Xogdfn sI. AuWQy qknIk df ivkfs hoieaf, ivigafn dy Kyqr ivc ienklfb afieaf, bsqIvfd dy kfrn AunHF dysLF nUM Pfiedf hoieaf. ienHF sB gwlF jF kfrnF krky iewQy pUMjIvfd df ivkfs ho sikaf. hr mulk ivc qF ivigafnk kRFqI nhIN huMdI. hr dysL ivc kfprinks pYdf nhIN huMdf. hF, pr aijhy qwq Bfrq ivc mOjUd sn jo dysL nUM pUMjIvfd vl lY jf skdy sn. mwDkfl ivc iewQy vpfr sI. lYx dyx sI, bYNkF vflf pRbMD sI ijsnUM huMzI kihMdy sn, bImy df pRbMD vI sI. pr ies nfl qF vpfrk pUMjIvfd hI vD skdf hY. ies ivc jy imhnq dI bwcq df pRbMD kIqf jFdf qF pUMjIvfd ivksq ho skdf sI. ies vfsqy ivigafn aqy ivcfrF dy ivkfs dI loV sI jo iewQy nhIN sn. qknIk vl vI iDafn idwqf jfxf cfhIdf sI. akbr BfvyN nvIaF KojF vl idlcspI lYNdf sI Ausny AunHF idnF ivc vftr pUilMg vrgI qknIk apxfeI sI. isLwp kYnfl qknIk df ivkfs Ausny kIqf. drasl smuMdrI jhfjL bnfAux qoN bfad AusnUM ndI dy rfhIN smuMdr qwk lY jfx ivc kfPI musLkl pysL afAuNdI sI. lfhOr ivc isLwp bnfAux vfsqy lwkVI cMgI imldI sI pr AuWQoN AusnUM smuMdr qwk lY ky jfxf aOKf sI qF akbr ny ikhf ik jhfjL nUM jLmIn qy nf bxfAu. Ausny isLwp kYnfl qrIky df ivkfs kIqf. ieh 1592 dI gwl hY. XUrp ivc vI ies qknIk dI vrqoN sO sfl bfd hoeI. pfxI TMZf krn dI qknIk vI Bfrq ivc hI sI, XUrp ivc nhIN. pr ijhVf hor qknIkI ivkfs ies dy nfl hoxf cfhIdf sI Auh XUrp ivc hoieaf Ausdf koeI mukfblf nhIN hY.

 

?   ieiqhfskfr df kMm aqIq nUM dyKxf huMdf hY , kI ieh BivwK nUM vI dyK skdf hY?

 

-   nhIN, ieh BivwK nUM nhIN dyK skdf. pr kdy kdy qF ies dy Ault huMdf hY. ijvyN ijvyN ieiqhfs df qjLurbf vDdf jFdf hY Pyr ieiqhfskfr ies nUM dUsrI qrHF dyKx lgdf hY. ijvyN PrFs dI kRFqI hoeI AuWQy iksfnF ny 33 PIsdI jgIrdfrF dIaF jLmInF Koh leIaF. ies bfry AuWnIvIN sdI ivc bihs cldI rhI ik ieh iek bhuq vwzI kfrvfeI sI. hflFik AudoN vI 66 PIsdI iksfn bcy rhy sn. pr jdoN rUs ivc ienklfb hoieaf qF AuWQy sfry hI jgIrdfrF dIaF jLmInF Koh leIaF geIaF. ies qoN awgy dyKIey ik PrFs dI kRFqI vyly 33 PIsdI jgIrdfrF nUM Kqm krn dI Gtnf ikMnI CotI sI pr ieiqhfskfr Aus qoN awgy nhIN dyK sky. Auh ieh sMBfvnfvF nhIN dyK sky ik 100 PIsdI jgIrdfrI Kqm kIqI jf skdI hY. ijvyN ijvyN mnuwK df ivkfs huMdf hY qF ieiqhfs df vI ivkfs huMdf hY. ijvyN hux ieiqhfs ivc aOrqF dy aMdoln jF AunHF 'qy hoey julmF nUM dyKxf sLurU kIqf hY.. jfqI dy njLrIey qoN vI ieiqhfs nUM dyiKaf jfx lwgf hY. pihlF musilm sMsfr nUM pCiVaf smiJaf jFdf sI, prMqU ieiqhfs dy ivkfs dy nfl hI ieh iswD huMdf jf irhf hY ik musilm sMsfr vI ipwCy nhIN sI. mYN 'aYgryrIan isstm afP mugl ieMzIaf' ivc aOrqF dy bfry 'c nhIN iliKaf. pr jy hux Auh ikqfbF ilKFgf qF sMBv nhIN ik AunHF dI imhnq aqy AunHF dIaF srgrmIaF bfry nf ilKF. aOrqF AudoN vI kMm-kfr (imhnq) krdIaF sn. pr awj vFg hI AunHF dI imhnq-mjLdUrI df Bugqfn AudoN vI nhIN kIqf jFdf sI. AudoN AunHF vloN kIqI imhnq dI afmdn mrdF dI afmdn dy nfl hI sLfml kr idwqI jFdI sI. ieh hflq awj vI hn. ieh TIk hY ik mYnUM ies sB kuwJ dy bfry bhuqI jfxkfrI nhIN sI, pr mYnUM ies bfry ilKxf cfhIdf sI. lok ieiqhfs ivc ies sB kfsy bfry ivsQfr nfl iliKaf jf irhf hY.ieh sfrIaF gwlF qy qwQ vrqmfn ivc ho rhy aMdolnF ivcoN AuBr ky sfhmxy af rhy hn. ies qrHF asIN ieh vI dyK rhy hF ik ieiqhfs AuWpr vrqmfn df bhuq asr huMdf hY.

 

?   qusIN hfsLIey vl Dwky gey smfjI smUhF dy ieiqhfskfrF nUM (sbafltrn ieiqhfskfr) qRfsdIaF dy ''pRsMn ieiqhfskfr'' (hYpI ihstorIan) ikhf hY. sbafltrn ieiqhfskfrF df kMm krn df qrIkf kI hY? Auh ieiqhfs 'qy iks qrHF df pRBfv pf rhy hn?

 

-                                Auh mYnUM kdIN pRBfivq nhIN kr sky. sbafltrn ieiqhfskfrF dy ieQy vrg nhIN hn, bsqIvfdI sLfsk, BfrqI sLfsk vrg aqy pIVq iksfn -mjdUr nhIN hn AunHF dy iewQy bsqIvfdI AuWc vrg (ielIt) hn ijnHf dy iKlfP Bfrq df AuWc vrg KVHf hY.

jdoN asIN ieiqhfs aqy  smfj nUM ies qrHF dyKx lgdy hF qF lokF df sfrf hI duwK gfieb ho jFdf hY. AudXogf dI brbfdI aqy AunHf dIaf sMBfvnfvf nUM ijs qrHf qbfh kIqf igaf Ausdf pqf hI nhIN lgdf. bs bcdy hn qf aMgryj jo ulm kr rhy hn aqy grIb iksfn aqy DnfZ iksfn jo aMgryjf dy julm dy mfry hoey hn lyikn ies ivwc Aus grIb iksfn aqy DnfZ iksfn dy ivwcly aMqrivroD nUM nhI vyiKaf jfdf. ies leI mY kihMdf hf ik Auh ( sbafltrn ieiqhfskfr ) ieqhfs nUM mUDy mUh mfr rhy hn .

 


iek KLq pMjfb dy nF

pMjfb : asIN bhuq sLrmsfr hF

- kyhr sLrIPL

 

          pMjfb! prdysIN vsdy asIN qyry DIaF-puwqr ies smyN afpxy afp nUM bhuq hI sLrmsfr mihsUs kr rhy hF. awj pMjfb ivc jo kuwJ vfpr irhf hY (vfpr qF ieh icrF qoN irhf hY)  Auh pMjfbI jIvn jfc dy anusfr nhIN. pMjfbIaq dy mwQy 'qy klMk lfAux vflIaF GtnfvF iewQy inwq vfpr rhIaF hn. ies DrqI 'qy sfzy vzyiraF dIaF isrjIaF srbwq dy Bly vflIaF mfx krnXog BfeIcfrk kdrF kImqF nUM Cwizaf hI nhIN jf irhf sgoN pMjfb dI DrqI 'qy vsdy kmIngI dy isry, dsF nOhF dI ikrq krn vflf rfh Cwzky mfVy qy kmIny DMidaF rfhIN aQfh mfieaf iekwTI krky  nvyN bxy jrvfixaF vloN pYrF hyT mDoilaf jf irhf hY. srkfrF hn ik pMjfb dIaF suwcIaF kdrF kImqF dy mDoly jfx nUM iqMn bFdrF vflI mudrf ivc bYTky dyK rhIaF hn. pMjfb dI DrqI 'qy kukrm krn vfly mujrm ibrqI vfly lok hfkmF dI ihwk dy qvIq bxky jIa rhy hn. hfkmF nUM lokF ny afpxy krky cuixaF sI afpxy aqy pMjfb dy Bly vfsqy, pr Auh qF afpxy lokF nfl swq  bygfinaF vrgf ivhfr kr rhy hn. pMjfb dy Dfrimk aqy isafsI afgU hr styj 'qy bolidaF aOrqF dy hwkF dI gwl kridaF bfby nfnk dy idwqy sMdysL nUM Aucfrn qoN nhIN Buwldy. bfby nfnk ny Cy sdIaF pihlF  ikhf sI ik, 'so ikAuN mMdf afKIaY ijqu jMmY rfjfn' ikwQy hn Auh lok  jo bfby nfnk dy khy qy aml vI krdy hn? pr ieh lok jo pMjfb vfsqy mgrmwC dy hMJU vhfAuNdy hn ieh qF afpxI mF dy sky nhIN bx sky,  iksy dI DI-BYx dI hux ienHF nUM kI sLrm? kdy iksy ny nhIN sI suixaF sLrm qoN ivhUxf pMjfb, pr awj isrP ieh hI suxn ivc afAuNdf hY. pMjfb dy lok awj BYa ivc jIAu rhy hn, ikAuN Buwl gey hfkmF nUM aqy afpxy lokF nUM nOvyN gurU sRI gurU qyg bhdr jI dy bol ik :

 

BY kfhUM kAu dyiq nih  nih BY  mfnq afin.. khu nfnk sun ry mnf igafnI qfih bKfin.. 

 

         pMjfb! asIN ikMny grk gey hF ik sfzy ivcoN pMjfbIpuxf ikrdf jf irhf hY, jy ieMj hI awgy vDdy rhy qF bhuqf icr nhIN lwgxf ik bfkI rihMdf vI ikr jfvygf. sfzy ivclf iensfn, iensfnIaq nUM Cwzdf jf irhf hY. asIN psLUpuxy dy vs pY cuwky hF. kwl qwk ipMz dI DI-BYx sfry ipMz dI DI-BYx huMdI sI. pr hux qF jy iksy dI DI-BYx nUM koeI musLtMzf afpxy jorfvr ikwly (isafsI) dy jor GroN vI cuwk ky lY jfvy qF lok dyKdy hI rihMdy hn, bcfa vfsqy awgy koeI nhIN afAuNdf. lokF dI rfKI vfsqy pulIs dy aPsr kuwJ nhIN kr skdy, hwQ bMnHy hox dIaF khfxIaF suxdy hn lok. ies qrHF guMizaF vloN "Bfxf" vrqf dyx qoN bfad lok iekwTy ho ky sMGrsL krdy hn qF pMjfb dIaF rvfieqF nUM klMikq krn vfly guMzy nUM PiVaf jFdf hY. srkfr qy juMmyvfr aPsr afpxf PrjL inBfAux dIaF shuMaF Kf ky vI afpxf PLrjL ikAuN nhIN inBfAuNdy? kI ieh afpxy afp nfl dgf krn vflf krm nhIN? kI ho igaf sfnUM ik sfzy KUn ivcoN apxwq hI muwkdI jf rhI hY.

       pMjfb! ivgVI muMzIrH nUM pqf hI nhIN ik vwizaF df siqkfr kI huMdf hY? jy koeI ipAu aijhy ivgiVaF nUM rfh jFdI pVHI-ilKI kuVI nUM qMg nf krn bfry afKy qF sLrm Kfx dI QfvyN vrdIDfrI ipAu nUM vI golIaF nfl Bry bjLfr ClxI kr idMdy hn. srkfr dy aiDkfrI 'qy hmlf hox qoN bfad vI srkfr prdy pfAuNdI hY, jd ik ieh iswDf srkfr nUM vMgfiraf igaf sI. nf rfh jFdIaF kuVIaF-aOrqF surwiKaq hn. nf hI ipMz ivc ipMzoN rqf ku bfhr KLYr-suwK leI dIvflI dy dIvy bflx vflI nfbflg kuVI. Auhdy nfl kukrm ho jfx qoN bfad mhInf Br lylVIaF kwZdy hn kuVI dy mfpy. pulIs df juMmyvfr aPsr dwlf bxky iewjq vflI gwl Buwlky sOdf krvfAux leI roab pfAuNdf hY? kuVI iewjq nfl jIAUxf cfhuMdI hY, pr aijhf mfhOl nf imldf dyKky afpxI jfn lY lYNdI hY-KudkusLI krdI hY. kI gunfh krn vfly aqy lokF dI surwiKaf krn vfly aiDkfrI ies kMjk dI mOq dy juMmyvfr nhIN? kI AunHF nUM pMjfb dI iewjq nfl ieMj hI KylHx idwqf jfvygf? Auh sB hI juMmyvfr hn, AunHF df pMjfb dI DrqI qy KuwlHy iPrnf pMjfb dI axK nUM vMgfr hY. kfnUn bhuq sfry hn pMjfb dI inaFpflkf nUM cfhIdf hY ik ienHF nUM ikqfbF qoN bfhr kwZ ky aml ivc ilafAux, inaF krn ivc dyrI iblkuwl nf kIqI jfvy. jy lokF df srkfrF aqy inaFpfilkf qoN ieqbfr AuWT igaf qF bury hox dIaF GtnfvF vfprn nUM koeI nhIN rok skdf.

         dysL dI rfjDfnI ivc qF bws ivc sPr krdIaF kuVIaF vI surwiKaq nhIN. BfvyN ik ies iek Gtnf nUM dunIaF Br dy mIzIey ny pRcfiraf hY, pr iewQy qF sfl ivc hjfrF GtnfvF huMdIaF hn AudoN mIzIey vfly ikAuN suwqy rihMdy hn? Xfd rhy aMkiVaF anusfr idwlI ivc hr 18 GMty ivc iek blfqkfr huMdf hY. kI ieh isrP AudoN hI jfgdy hn jdoN vwzy Gr dI DI nfl aijhf vfpry, ienHF nUM bhuq dyr pihlF jfgxf cfhIdf sI. ikwQy sI ieh mIzIaf jdoN 1984 ivc iswKF dy idwlI ivc hoey kqlfm smyN iswK DIaF-BYxF dy blfqkfr aqy bypqI hoeI sI? ikAN nf jfigaf ieh mIzIaf AudoN?  AudoN hI nhIN AusqoN bfad vI suwqf irhf. hux sfzy dysL dI kOmFqrI mIzIey ivc qoey-qoey ho rhI hY. mIzIaf afm lokF dI afvfjL bxnf cfhIdf hY. jdoN srkfrF dI ies susqI dy inkMmypx dy iKlfP jfgdy lok afpxy sMivDfnk jmhUrI hwkF df iesqymfl krky iensfP dI mMg krdy hn qF AunHF dy jmhUrI hwkF nUM lfTI-golI nfl dbfa dyx df jqn kIqf jFdf hY. juMmyvfr isafsI afgU mrn kMZy ipaF vfsqy duafvF krdy hn, Auh afpxI juMmyvfrI inBfAux vwl ikAuN iDafn nhIN idMdy. duafvF krn nfl iksy df kdy kuwJ nhIN sOiraf. isafsI afgU afpxI bxdI juMmyvfrI inBfAux aqy lokF nUM BYa-mukq hlqF ivc jIAux df mOkf dyx. jy Auh aijhf krn jogy nhIN qF afpxy inkMmypx nUM lokF 'qy lwdx leI lfTI-golI nf vrqx sgoN asPl rihx krky lokF qoN mfPI mMgx aqy lokF vloN idwqIaF kursIaF Cwz dyx. ieh iensfP dI mMg hY. iehdy nfl hI pMjfb nUM nisLaF aqy luwcI (asLlIl) pr asloN PukrI gfiekI qoN vI bcfieaf jfxf cfhIdf hY. BFq BFq dy nsLy aqy lwcr gfiekI mfVIaF gwlF nUM Auqsfihq krdI hY, ies dy iswty vjoN jurm vD rhy hn.

       pMjfb! jo kuwJ sfzI DrqI 'qy inwq idn ho irhf hY Aus bfry  mYN dfl ivwcoN isrP dfxy dI gwl kIqI hY.  hux qF pMjfb asYNblI ivc AuWcy QVHy qy rwKy 'afty dy dIvy' ny BYxF dIaF gflHF nUM vI pfrlImYNtrI BfsLf df drjf duaf idwqf hY.  Ausdf isrP ieh Cotf ijhf pRqIkRm hY. jy sfzy hfkmF df nYiqkqf (ieKLlfk) nfl vfsqf huMdf qF dysL ivc ikDry vI  mfrIaF geIaF kMjkF dy drd dI  nYiqk juMmyvfrI lY ky ieh gwdIaF Cwz idMdy. pr lgdf nhIN ik hfkm pMjfb dIaF suwcIaF rvfieqF dI kdr krngy. ivrsy dy vfirs afpxIaF rvfieqF qy pihrf dyx leI vcnbwD huMdy hn. ikwQy hn ies vcnbwDqf vfly lok? pMjfb nUM AunHF dI Bfl hY. pMjfb kdy vI nhIN hfiraf. pMjfbI lok BgqF, sUPIaF qy gurUaF aqy ienklfbI sUrbIrF dy bolF  qoN sdf syD lYNdy rhy hn. sfzy lok rfjf pors dy aqy idwlI dy ikMgry Zfhux vfly duwly dy vfirs hn, aqy hjfrF hI hor sLhId sUrbIrF dy nfl krqfr isMG srfBHf, sLhId AUDm isMG aqy sLhId-ey-afjLm Bgq isMG dy vfirs hn. pMjfb dy axKIly lokF awgy vwzy svfl af pey hn ik pMjfb dIaF axKIlIaF qy suwcIaF rvfieqF dI rfKI kOx kry aqy ikvyN kIqI jfvy? ienHF svflF dy snmuwK - pMjfb sfnUM mfP krIN: asIN bhuq sLrmsfr hF.

pMjfb df inmfxf ijhf prdysI puwqr

kyhr sLrIPL

email: ksharif@arcor.de


pMjfbI kOm dI sFJI ivrfsq / iek pwK

- kyhr sLrIPL

             

ivcfr crcf df ivsLf hY afpxI sFJI pMjfbI ivrfsq bfry, Auh ivrfsq jo imhnqI qy ikrqI lokF aqy sUrimaF dI ivrfsq hY jo afpxy ipafry pMjfb nUM ipafr krn vfilaF dI ivrfsq hY, ies bfry pMjfb dIaF isPqF krn vfly pMjfbI ipafry kvI DnI rfm cfiqRk dIaF bVI dyr pihlF ilKIaF kuwJ sqrF pysL hn . Ausny iliKaf sI :

 

aY pMjfb krF kI isPq qyrI,  sLfnF dy sB  sfmfn qyry.

jl pOx qyry hiraOl qyrI,   diraf, prbq mYdfn qyry.

Bfrq dy isr qy Cqr qyrf, qyry isr  Cqr ihmflf df.

qyry moZy  cfdr  brPF dI   sIny  ivc  syk  juaflf df.

 

iewQy asIN Es sIny ivc juaflf rwKx vfly pMjfb qy Es ivrfsq dI gwl krnI hY jo sFJF, ipafrF qy muhwbqF dI ivrfsq hY. jo dUjy df duwK-drd mihsUs krn aqy duwK vyly dUjy nUM afpxf moZf pysL krn aqy dUjy dy duwK dI pIV jrn dI ivrfsq hY. jo pwg vtf ky pwg vt Brf bx jfx qy jfn vfr jfx dI ivrfsq hY. jo sB nUM afpxf smJx dI ivrfsq hY. AuWQoN  dy jMmy sUrimaF dI awj gwl krn df jqn krnf hY. iesdf iek Kfs kfrn hY qusIN sfry hI nfm jfxdy ho sLhId Bgq isMG df, ijsny mulk nUM goiraF dI gulfmI qoN ajfd krvfAux aqy  mulk aMdr ikrqI lokF dy afpxy rfj Bfv smfjvfdI smfj dI sQfpnf krn dy Gol ivc afpxy sfQIaF nfl afpxy lokF Kfqr afpxf sB kuwJ insLfvr kr idwqf aqy afpxy lokF vfsqy PFsI dy qKqy qy JUt igaf. Bgq isMG df jn

28 sqMbr 1907 nUM jVHFvflI qihsIl dy ipMz bMgf ivc hoieaf sI jo ijlf lfielpur ivc pYNdf sI ijsdf hux nF PYslfbfd hY. 28 sqMbr dy idn sLhId Bgq isMG df 105 vF jnm idhfVf sI. ijsnUM Bgq isMG dy isDFqk aqy ivcfrDfrf dI ivrfsq dy vfrsF ny hr QfvyN ienklfbI Bfvnf nfl mnfieaf. sB qoN vwzI gwl ik ies idhfVy nUM lihMdy pMjfb dy pMjfbI BYxF-BrfvF ny  bVy hI josLKrosL nfl lhOr ivc mnfieaf. ijs jylH ivc Bgq isMG, rfjgurU aqy suKdyv nUM 23 mfrc 1931 dy idhfVy aMgryjLF vloN PFsI idwqI geI sI dysL dy ajfd hox qoN bfad pfiksqfnI hfkmF ny Aus jylH nUM Zfh idwqf  aqy sfzy sLhIdF nfl sbMDq XfdgfrI sQfn nUM ro idwqf igaf. Auh jyl koTVI vI nf sFBI geI ijwQy ieh dysL Bgq sUrimaF dI jylbMdI rhI. jylH nUM Zfhux qoN bfad iewQy nvIN abfdI Ausfr idwqI geI aqy jyl dI Bgq isMG vflI jyl koTVI vfly QfvyN iek cOrfhf Bfv cOk Ausfr idwqf igaf aqy Aus cOk df nF rwK idqf igaf sLfdmfn cOk .  Xfd rwiKaf jfvy ik sLfdmfn df mqlb huMdf hY KusLIaf vflf Gr jF KusLIaF vflf ivhVf. Bgq isMG dI soc dy vfrsF nUM ieh mMnjLUr nhIN sI aqy AunHF ies bfry mMg rwK idwqI ik ienklfbIaF nfl sbMDq QfvyN bxy ies  XfdgfrI cOk df nF sLfdmfn cOk nhIN sgoN Bgq isMG cOk rwiKaf jfvy ikAuNik ieh sfzI sFJI ieiqhfk QF hY. AudoN qoN hI Bgq isMG dy jnm idhfVy aqy sLhIdI vfly idhfVy Xfd vjoN iewQy lok juVdy aqy afpxI mMg duhrf idMdy. ieh pfiksqfn ivc hI nhIN Bfrq ivc aqy bfhrly mulkIN vI ies mMg nUM duhrfieaf jFdf irhf. sflF dy sfl ies mMg nUM lY ky lok juVdy gey. ies vfr vI ihMdusqfn aqy pfiksqfn isvl sosfietI dy lokF ny PYslf kIqf ik dovF pfisaF qoN isvl sosfietI dy lok juV ky lfhOr ivc Bgq isMG df jnm idhfVf mnfAuxgy. cVHdy pMjfb qoN jfx vfly isvl sosfietI dy 32 mYNbrI vPd dy vIijLaF nUM mMnjUrI nf imlx kfrn Auh nf jf sky. iewQy pfiksqfn dIaF 24 isafsI aqy gYr isafsI jQybMdIaF ny iekwTy ho ky Bgq isMG df jnm idhfVf mnfieaf . lfhOr dy iek QIeytr ivc Bgq isMG dI iPlm ivKfeI geI aqy pfiksqfn dy AuWGy nftk krmIaF vloN ajokf QIeytr dI bIbI mfdIhf gOhr vloN ies cOk ivc rMg dy bsMqI nfm df nftk pysL kIqf igaf. Xfd rhy ies jnm idhfVy lokF vloN virHaF qoN kIqI jf rhI mMg nUM pUrI kridaF pfiksqfn srkfr ny ies cOk df nF sLfdmfn cOk dI QF hux Bgq isMG cOk rwK idwqf hY. lokF dI hoeI ieh ijwq, sfzy sB vfsqy iek sbk bxdf hY ik lVy ibnF hwk  pRfpq nhIN huMdy-ies mMg bfry lok lVy qy ijwq gey. Kfs gwl ik pfiksqfnI srkfr vloN vI ies idhfVy sdBfvnf BrI soc df amlI pRgtfvf kIqf igaf ies vfsqy lihMdy pMjfb dI sUbfeI srkfr qy pfiksqfn srkfr aqy AunHF aiDkfrIaF df DMnvfd krnf bxdf hY ijnHF ny mOky dI njLfkq jfxidaF shI PYslf lY ky lokF dI soc df snmfn kIqf aqy pMjfbIaF dy ienklfbI ivrsy nUM kbUlidaF ieh shI kdm cuwikaf aqy Aus jylH vflI QfvyN Ausry cOk df nF Bgq isMG cOk rwK idwqf. ies nUM aml ivc ilafAux vfly sB lokF df sLukrIaF aqy sflF bwDI ies msly bfry Gol krn vfilaF nUM ijwq dIaF mubfrkF.

 

ijLkrXog hY ik ijlf muKI nurUl amIn myNgl ny hfl hI ivc ijlf pRsLfsn nUM iek hPqy dy aMdr cOk df nFa Bgq isMG dy nFa qy rwKx dI iqafrI krn vfsqy ikhf sI. cOk df nF cODrI rihmfn alI dy nFa qy rwKx sbMDI afeI arjLI qy ivcfr leI pRsLfsn dy pRcfr aiDkfrI neIm iglfnI qy nrfjLgI jLfhr kridaF jnfb myNgl ny svfl kIqf kI quhfnUM pqf hY Bgq isMG kOx sI? AunHF ikhf ik Bgq isMG ny ies Aup mhFdIp ivc krFqI leI avfjL bulMd krky aMgryjLF nfl lohf ilaf sI aqy iesy QF AuWqy sLhId hoey sn. jnfb mYNgl ny ikhf ik sMivDfn dy muqfibk musilm, iswK, ihMdU aqy iesfeIaF smyq sfry pfiksqfnI nfgirkF nUM brfbr dy aiDkfr pRfpq hn, aqy iksy nUM vI cOk df nF Bgq isMG dy nF qy rwKx bfry ieqrfjL nhIN hoxf cfhIdf . AunHF aiDkfrIaF nUM cOk ivc borz lfAux df hukm idwqf  ijs qy Bgq isMG cOk iliKaf hovygf.

 

jnfb myNgl ny ikhf ik sLfdmfn cOk df nFa bdlx df arQ Bgq isMG dI kRFqIkfrI Bfvnf jF soc  nUM mfnqf dyxf hY.

 

Xfd rhy ik lfhOr qoN 80 iklomItr dUr jVHFvflf qihsIl df ipMz bMgf Bgq isMG df jwdI ipMz hY ijwQy Bgq isMG dy dfdy ny iek pRfiemrI skUl bxvfieaf sI pr ijsdI hflq hux Ksqf ho cuwkI hY.

 

jdoN sLfdmfn cOk df nF bdl ky  Bgq isMG cOk  rwKx dI gwl hoeI qF ivc iek hor nF vI qjvIjL kIqf igaf sI cODrI rihmq alI df nF. BlF ieh cODrI rihmq alI pqf kOx sI 1930 - 33 dy dOrfn Auhny ieMglYNz dIaF kYNbirj  aqy zbiln XUnIvristIaF qoN ivwidaf pRfpq kIqI sI. 28 jnvrI 1933 nUM Auhny iek XfdgfrI ikhf jFdf pYNPilt vMizaf sI ijsdf mjLmUn sI  Now or Never : are we to live or perish for ever aqy ies pYNPilt ivc pihlI vfr sLbd pfiksqfn vriqaf igaf sI ies krky cODrI rihmq alI nUM pfiksqfnI  rfj jF rfsLtr df inrmfqf vI afiKaf jFdf hY. ieh pfiksqfn dI nYsLnl mUvmYNt df afgU sI ijsdf hYzkuaftr vI kYNbirj ivKy hI sI. ies krky hI jnfb mYNgl ny cODrI dy nF dI qjvIj krn vfly zf: nfdIm nUM puwiCaf sI kI quhfnUM pqf hY Bgq isMG kOx sI. jnfb mYNgl ny ikhf ik Bgq isMG ny ies Aup mhFdIp ivc krFqI leI avfjL bulMd krky aMgryjLF nfl lohf ilaf sI aqy iesy QF AuWqy ijwQy cOk hY sLhId hoey sn.

 

iesqoN bfad vI iek Kbr afeI hY ik lhOr dy srivsjL hspqfl dy nyVly jyl roz cOk df nF hux rihmq alI cOk rwK idwqf igaf hY.

 

sLfdmfn cOk qoN Bgq isMG cOk bxn dI ieh sfrI khfxI ikvyN cwlI  ies dy ipCokV vwl vI njLr mfr lYxI cfhIdI hY. ies vfsqy Go dyr qoN cwl irhf sI pr iesy sfl aprYl ivc lihMdy  pMjfb dI sUbfeI asYblI dy ckvfl qoN cuxy hoey mYNbr jnfb julPkfr goNdl ny pMjfb asYblI ivc ies sbMDI iek mqf rwiKaf sI ik sLfdmfn cOk dI QfvyN iesdf nF Bgq isMG cOk hovy ikAuNik ieh sfzy ivrsy nfl sbMDq ieiqhfsk QF hY, ijwQy dysL BgqF nUM aMgryjF vloN Pfhy lfieaf igaf sI. asMblI dy spIkr ny ies bfry POrI qF koeI PYslf nhIN sI kr skxf pr hux jdoN ijly dy aiDkfrIaF rfhIN PYslf afieaf qF cMgf hI hoieaf. lokF dy aijhy cuxy hoey jnfb goNdl vrgy mYNbr vI ies hoey aml vfsqy mubfrk dy hwkdfr hn. pMjfb asYNblI ivc mqf pysL krn vfly ies jnfb goNdl dy vwzy Brf njLr goNdl vI pfiksqfnI nYsLnl asMblI dy mYNbr hn. ieh dovyN ckvfl qoN hn. sfzy Bfrq dy pRDfn mMqrI srdfr mnmohx isMG vI ckvfl qoN hI afey hoey hn.

 

cOk dy ies msly bfry jrmnI ivc vsdy pMjfbI vI ipwCy nhIN rhy. bIqI meI ivc lihMdy pMjfb nfl sbMDq icMgfrI Porm jrmnI aqy pfik XUro jrnilst Porm vloN zfnIal rjLf aqy jnfb qfihr milk vloN afpxy sfQIaF nfl rlky PrYNkPrt ivKy ies msly bfry cMgf smgm kIqf igaf sI. mYNnUM iewQy ieh dwsidaF vI KusLI ho rhI hY ik ienHF BrfvF ny mYnUM vI Bgq isMG dy jIvn aqy ivcfrDfrf sbMDI bolx leI swidaf sI. mYN iewQy Bgq isMG dy jIvn aqy ivcfrDfrf sbMDI afpxy ivcfr pysL kIqy sn. iesy qrHF hfeIzlbrg XUnIvristI dy ieiqhfs ivBfg qoN pRo: zfktr vkfr alI sLfh ny gdr pfrtI bfry bhuq BfvpUrq ivcfr rwKy sn. pMjfbIaF df ieh sFJf iekwT cMgy ivcfr pysL kr igaf sI pr iewQy mYN iek gwl hor sFJI krdf jfvF ik PrYkPrt dy aMdr jF nyVly Kyqr ivc bhuq vwzI igxqI ivc pMjfbI vsdy hn, Aus muqfibk iekwT nhIN sI hoieaf pr sUJvfn lok phuMcy sn. sfnUM afpxy PrjF aqy afpxy ivrsy qoN ieMny avysly nhIN hoxf cfhIdf. afpxy ivrsy aqy afpxI ivrfsq nfloN tuwitaf mnuwK drwKq qoN tuwty pwqy vrgf hI huMdf hY ijsdf koeI itkfxf nhIN huMdf.

 

ies smfgm ivc Bgq isMG bfry, gdr pfrtI bfry hoeIaF ivcfrF dy nfl hI do mqy vI pfs krky pfiksqfn ivc pMjfb dI asYblI nUM Byjy gey sn ieh dovyN mqy ieh sn :

 

pihlf mqf  :  ik lhOr dy sLfdmfn cOk df nF sLhId Bgq isMG cOk rwiKaf jfvy aqy ienklfbI ivrsy nUM cyqy krn vfsqy iewQy sLhIdF nfl sbMDq Xfdgfr kfiem kIqI jfvy.dUsry mqy ivc mMg kIqI geI sI ik ihMd mhFdIp dy mulkF ivc ienklfbI dysL BgqF nfl sbMDq sfrIaF QfvF qy AunHF dy nfvF dIaF  qKqIaF / plytF lfeIaF jfx ijnHF AuWqy AunHF dy dysLBgqI dy kfrjF df AulyK drj kIqf jfvy qF ik sfzy amIr ienklfbI ivrsy qoN hr koeI jfxU ho sky. sfzIaF aglIaF nslF afpxI ienklfbI ivrfsq nfl juVIaF rih skx.

 

PrYkPrt vloN cuwkI afvfjL df pihlf mqf qF pUrf ho igaf, lokF dy sMGrsL krky  cOk df nF Bgq isMG cOk rwK idwqf igaf.  dUjy mqy bfry srkfrI aYlfn qF ajy koeI nhIN afieaf pr Bgq isMG dy vfrs jfgy hn zylI tfeImjL dI Kbr muqfibk dunIaF aMdr amn kfiem krn dy cfhvfn iesMtIicAUt afP pIs aYNz sYkUlr stwzIjL (The Institute for Peace and Secular Studies (IPSS)) ny iek ibafn c ikhf hY ik ieh PYslf AunHF lokF dI ijwq hY jo ies muwdy nUM lY ky lMmy smyN qoN rYlIaF aqy sMGrsL kr rhy sn. jQybMdI ny ikhf ik AunHF dI Xojnf Bgq isMG cOk ivKy sLhId-ie-afjLm Bgq isMG df buwq lfAux aqy AunHF dI ilKI iek kivqf aqy jIvn vyrvy bfry  isLlflyK Bfv / qKqIaF lfAux dI hY. ies aYlfn nfl afpxy ivrsy dy jfgdy vfrsF dy drsLx hoey hn.

 

pMjfbIaF dy ienklfbI ivrsy df lMmf ieiqhfs hY. kdy gdr pfrtI, hor Coty moty gruwp, Bgq isMG dy sfQIaF dI qihrIk, bbr akflIaF dI lihr, ikrqI pfrtI df Xogdfn, Aus smyN dy akflIaF vloN gurduafiraF sbMDI lfey morcy qy ijwqF ieh sfrIaF gwlF sfzy aMdr AuqsLfh pYdf krdIaF. Bgq isMG qy hor sLhId sfzy sB dy sFJy hn, asIN cVHdy qy lihMdy pMjfb dy pMjfbI ies sFJI ivrfsq dy vfirs hF. sfzy vfsqy rihmq alI vjIdky jF hor hjfrF sLhId Bgq isMG vFg hI sfzy rol mfzl Bfv afdrsL jF pRyrnf dy sRoq bxy rihxgy.

 

pYdf hoey ies cMgy vfqfvfrx dy mOky asIN Bfrq aqy pfiksqfn srkfrF nUM bynqI krnI cfhFgy ik cMgf hovy jy dovyN srkfrF vloN dovF mulkF dy nfgirkF vfsqy vIjLy dI QF aYNtrI dI pRxflI Bfv isstm lfgU kr idwqf jfvy. jy ajy ieMJ sMBv nf hovy qF vIjLy dIaF sLrqF ieMNnIaF nrm kr idwqIaF jfx ik iksy nUM vIjLy dI pRfpqI  leI iksy iksm dI aOK nf afvy. bhuq hI cMgf hovy jy cVHdy aqy lihMdy dohF pMjfbF dIaF srkfrF afpo-afpxI kyNdrI srkfr qy jor pfAux ik aijhf ho jfvy. ieh lokF dIaF BfvnfvF dI kdr krn vflf rfh hY. pMjfbI Kfs krky cfhuMdy hn ik Auh iek dUjy pfsy afjf skx imsfl dy qOr qy hux cVHdy pMjfb qoN bhuq sfry lok ies pivwqr ieiqhfsk QF Bfv Bgq isMG cOk dy hI drsLx krnf cfhuxgy. dohF srkfrF nUM cfhIdf hY ik lokF dI ies idlI AumMg df inrfdr nf krn idlF qoN idlF nUM jFdy rfh KolH dyx, ieh dohF mulkF dy aqy lokF dy Bly df rfh hY . asIN cfhFgy ik dohF mulkF dy pMjfbI (prdysIN vsdy pMjfbI vI) sfzI ies mMg dI hmfieq krn qy asIN iek dUjy dy nyVy ho jfeIey- dyvyN dysLF dy bfisLdy  huMdy hoey vI sFJI pMjfbI ivrfsq dy vfrsF df ieh rfh hoxf cfhIdf hY. afAu iekwTy ho ky iek dUjy df hwQ PVky awgy vDx dy rfhy qurIey. amn sLFqI, sFJF qy muhwbqF df sFJf rfh pMjfbI kOm nUM qkiVaF krn df rfh.

 

Bgq isMG dy dwsy rfh qy qurn vfsqy iek afs  bfbf njLmI dI vI hYsuxo, bfbf kI njLmI kihMdf hY :

 

nwcF gfvF

BMgVy pfvF

dygF cfVHF rfq idny

myrf puwqr myrf vIr

qy afpxy qfey Bgq isMG dy

pYrF AuWqy pYr Dry

myrI pUrI afs kry.

 

awj dy ivsLvIkrn Bfv globlfeIsysLn dy dOr ivc sfmrfjI afpxy munfiPaF dI Kfqr sfizaF mulkF nUM mMzI qoN vwD kuwJ vI nhIN smJ rhy ies dy ivruwD morcy ivc sfnUM sLfml hoxf cfhIdf hY. ikAuNik asIN Bgq isMG, duwly, Krl , srfiBaF dy vfrs hF ijnHf iksy dI eIn nhIN mMnI- sgoN bfdsLfhF nUM llkfridaF  afiKaf sI : mYN ZfhvF idwlI dy ikMgry.

ajmyr kvYNtrI df iliKaf qy pMjfbI swQ vloN CfipaF iek  Cotf ijhf ikqfbcf hY ijsdf nF hY duwly -Krl srfBy ies ivc ajmyr horIN ilKdy hn ik : afpxy hwkF dI awg mMgx vfly sdf kfl koTVIaF ivc zwky nhIN rwKy jf skdy. srProsLI dI rIJ idl ivc rwKx vfly jflm lokF dIaF bfhF qoN nhIN ziraf krdy . duwly idwlI aqy lfhOr qoN BY nhIN KFdy. duwly , aihmd, Krl aqy srfBy igrJF aqy sMglF qoN nhIN zrdy.

 

duwly, Krl,  srfBy

dwq , suKdyv qy gdrI bfby

PFsI rMzI hox nf idMdy

 


sfihq, smfj, ikqfbF aqy pMjfbI swQ vloN pfieaf jf irhf Xogdfn

  - kyhr sLrIPL

 

gwl Auh ijhVI smyN isr hovy, ies nfl bhuq sfry lokF nUM awgy vDx pRyrnf vI iml skdI hY. awj df ivcfiraf jfx vflf ivsLf sfihq, smfj qy ikqfbF nfl sbMD rwKdf hY  jo sfzI ijLMdgI nUM swiBaf vI bxfAuNdy hn aqy igafn BrpUr vI.  ies qoN ibnF ijLMdgI bVI hI aDUrI hY, bVI hI iPwkI aqy rs-hIx. ikqfbF aqy sfihq nfl juiVaf iensfn afm krky rwjI rUh aqy hor bhuq kuwJ jfnx dI KfihsL rwKx vflf jigafsU mnuwK huMdf hY ikAuNik Ausdy kol aijhf srmfieaf qy smJ huMdI hY ijs dy guafc jfx jF Pyr corI ho jfx df zr hI koeI nhIN huMdf. igafn df srmfieaf aijhf hY jo kdy Gtdf nhIN ijMnf vMzo jF vrqo hmysLf vDdf hI rihMdf hY. swcf sfihqkfr hmysLf hI swc nfl KVHdf hY, swc df sfQ idMdf hY, swc hI Ausdf iesLt ho jFdf hY, swc hI ijLMdgI jfnx qy mfnx vflf rfh. Auh afpxy smfj nUM hmysLf hI pihlF qoN cMgf dyiKaf cfhuMdf hY, ies vfsqy lgdI vfh Auh afpxI smJ, sUJ aqy smrwQf anusfr koisLsL vI krdf hY. Ausdy mn aMdr KUbsUrqI dy nksLy bxdy hn jo AusdIaF ilKqF rfhIN smfj dy snmuwK huMdy hn. AusdI sfrI imhnq , Bwj dOV qy ilKq ies vfsqy hI huMdI hY ik Auh afpxy smfj qy afpxy lokF dy jIvn df mUMh mwQf svfr sky. afpxy lokF dI ijLMdgI nUM snmfnXog aqy mfnxXog bnfAux ivwc afpxy lokF df sfQ dy sky. sUJvfn ilKfrIaF dIaF ilKqF ikMny hI hor lokF nUM cMigafeI vwl pRyrq krn dy sbwb pYdf krdIaF rhIaF hn aqy krdIaF rihxgIaF.

 

hr smfj dy afpxy msly aqy afpxy srokfr hn. ieh hI msly sMvydnsLIl jF Pyr ieMj khIey ik jfgdy mnuwK nUM vI hlUxdy hn ik Auh afpxy pwly bMnIH akl nUM afpxy lokF qwk vI phuMcfvy ijs nfl sfry smfj df Blf ho sky. ies qrHF pVHn ilKx dy rfhy ipaf mnuwK sihjy sihjy dUeI-duaYq aqy iksy vI iksm dy ivqkiraF qoN pfik huMdf hY. Auhdy vfsqy qF sfrf hI ipMz imwqrF df huMdf nf ko bYrI nf hI bygfnf vflI Bfvnf plx lwgdI hY Ausdy aMdr qy Auh srbwq dy Bly dI soc df lV PV lYNdf hY. bygmpury dI isrjxf krn vflI soc dy lV lwg ky ijLMdgI nUM sfkfrQ krn dy rfhy pY jFdf hY. ies soc dy lV lwigaf mnuwK Pyr iQVkdf vI nhIN, zrdf qy zrfAuNdf vI nhIN Auh afpxy supinaF dI Psl nUM swc huMdy vyKx vfsqy afpxI ijLMdgI smripq kr idMdf hY lok kfrjF nUM nypry cfVHn ivwc shfiek bxn vfsqy qy afpxy afp nUM sfihq df kfmf smJx lwg pYNdf hY . jfgdI jLmIr vflf hox krky afpxy lokF dy sMg KVHy hoxf hI Aus dI afdq bx jFdI hY.

 

hux hr koeI svfl krygf ik sfihq df smfj nfl kI irsLqf huMdf hY? jvfb vI bVf iswDf ijhf hI hY ik sfihq nf hovy qF smfj bVf hI nIrs ijhf hovygf. sfihq ijwQy mnpRcfvy df sfDn hY nfl hI smfijk qbdIlI df hiQafr vI hY. ies sB kfsy df ieiqhfs vI gvfh hY. pihly jLmfinaF ivc kdy rfjy rfxIaF dIaF khfxIaF hI lokF dy mnF df Zfrs bxdIaF huMdIaF sn. AunHF simaF ivwc lok sLfm vyly afpxy kMmF kfrF qoN ivhly ho ky ipMzF dIaF swQF ivwc ZfxIaf bxf ky bYTdy aqy ienHF swQF ivwc lok kQfvF suxfeIaF vI jFdIaF sn qy gfeIaF vI jFdIaF sn. ieho swQF pihl plwkVy bIj huMdIaF hn sfihq dy jnmx qoN pnpx qwk dIaF. iesy qrHF pihly simaF ivwc sOx qoN pihlF dfdy dfdI vloN bwicaF dy mnpRcfAux leI mn pRcfvy vflIaf iswiKafdfiek bfqF vI suxfeIaF jFdIaF sn, ieh axjfxy ivwc hI aCoply jhy bwicaF dy mn aMdr sfihq vwl jfx dI pRyrnf bxdy sn pr iesdf bVI dyr bfad pqf lgdf sI, vzyiraF vloN ieh sfrI sihbn hI imldI jIvn jfc awj dy smyN ipMzF ivcoN alop ho geI hY. nf qF pihlF vrgI ijMLdgI hY hux aqy nf hI pihlF vrgf ivhl hY lokF kol nf hI pihlF vrgy vkq hn. hux vkq dy bdlx nfl Bfv ik ijMLdgI jIAUx df qrIkf hI bdl igaf hY, jdoN nvIN jIvn jfc krky ijMdgI df qrIkf bdl jfvy qF lokF dy myl imlfp df slIkf vI bdl jFdf hY. iesy nUM hI sLfied afDuinkqf df nF idwqf jFdf hY. afDuink hoieaf mnuwK sB qoN pihlF afpxy aqIq nfloN afpxf nfVUaf qoVn df Brm pfldf hY, ies rfhy qurn lwigaF Aus nUM pqf hI nhIN lgdf ik ijhVy rfh Auh qurn df jqn kr irhf hY Auh rfh ikwDr jFdf hY, pr hornF dI rIsy Auh vI mgr hI GVIisaf quiraf cilaf jFdf hY. ieh ikho ijhI siQqI huMdI hY?  bws ! vfh ipaf jfxIeyN jF rfh ipaf jfxIey vflI khfvq  hI iewQy cyqy kIqI jf skdI hY. ies rfhy ipaf mnuwK do-icqI vflI siQqI ivc jIAUx lgdf hY. pYNzlUm vfgUM eyDroN EDr qy EDroN eyDr, itk itk krdf GuMmI jFdf hY .bs, cl so cl vflf gDI gyV Auhdf nsIb bx jFdf hY.

 

sfihq ijLMdgI aMdr suhj pYdf krdf hY jIAUx nUM qrIkfbwD vI krdf hY , anusLfsn vI isKfAuNdf hY. iksy dUsry nfl gwlbfq krn df qrIkf vI isKfAuNdf hY qy slIkf vI. cIjLF vsqF msilaF qy smfj dy vwKo vwK vrqfiraF nUM inrKx - prKx Bfv irVkx df qrk aDfrq gux vI sfzy aMdr pYdf krdf hY. sfihq sfzy kol ikqfbF rfhIN phuMcdf hY ies krky pihlF ikqfbF sfzy suBfa df pwkf aMg jF sfzI afdq df jrUrI ihwsf hoxIaF cfhIdIaF hn. sfzy kol ikqfbF vrgf koeI hor dosq nhIN huMdf jo ibnf sfQoN kuwJ ilaF bhuq kuwJ dy jFdIaF hn. ikqfbF sfzI ijLMdgI df ruK hI bdl idMdIaF hn. pr sLrq vI hY ik ieh sfzy inwq dy ivhfr ivwc sLfml hox. aglI gwl sLfied kuwJ ku lokF nUM ieh gwl drusq nf lwgy pr hY swc ik ikqfbF vrgf nsLf vI iksy hor QfAuN nhIN iml skdf, loV hY ies nsLy jF khIey ies  afdq dy lV lwgx dI, jF afdq nUM lV bMnH lYx dI.

 

sfihq vI keI qrHF df hY Dfrimk ivisLaF bfry ilKqF hn, smfijk msilaF nUM hMGfldIaF ilKqF hn, rfjnIqk qy afrQk PlsiPaF df iviKafn krn vflf sfihq jF Pyr hor hr iksm dy qy ivisLaF bfry. ivigafn qy ishq sbMDI aYlopYQI, hoimEpYQI aqy sdIaF purfxy afXurvYidk pRxflIaF vfly ielfj bfry bysLumfr ikqfbF imldIaF hn. iek gwl ik ikqfbF dIaF vwzIaf dukfnF ivwc jfAu qF lwKF hI ikqfbF dy drsLx huMdy hn, lfiebRyrIaF ivwc jfAu qF imlIanF dy ihsfb nfl ikqfbF pfTkF dI AuzIk krdIaF hn. hr ikqfb iksy nf iksy smwisaf nUM lY ky hI ilKI geI huMdI hY hux afp hI aMdfjf lfAu ik sfzy sMsfr ivwc ikMnIaF hI smwisafvF hn  Auh ikqfbF qoN vI ijLafdf hn. sfzy smfj ivwc idn pRqI idn ikqfbF df ruJfn vI vD irhf hY. qknIk ny kuwJ qbdIlIaF ilaFdIaf hn ies krky nvIN qknIk quhfzy kol eI buks lY ky phuMcdI hY. ( ielYktroinks ikqfbF- jo ieMtrnYt qy bysLumfr peIaF hn). sfihq dy lV lwg ky asIN ijLMdgI brbfd krn vflIaF bhuq sfrIaF BYVIaF afdqF jF khIey alfmqF qoN bc skdy hF. sfihq sfnUM ijLMdgI df isDrf pwDrf rfh dwsdf hY. Pyr ikAuN nf ies rfhy ipaf jfvy? jy asIN afpxy jwdI mulk df gwl krIey ik sfzy ipafry sUby pMjfb ivwc nisLaF df psfr bhuq hoieaf hY ijsny pMjfbIaF dI sfK nUM Dwkf lfieaf hY , jy eynf jor sfihq dy psfr qy lfieaf jFdf qF dunIaF sfhmxy icMqn dy Kyqr ivwc koeI ivdvfn icMqk pysL kr skdy sF ijsdI icMqn dy Kyqr ivc sMsfr pwDr qy crcf huMdI. pr aPsos dr aPsos ik aijhf pMjfbIaF qoN ajy qwk qF nhIN ho sikaf , ieh sfihq nfl nf juVn krky hI hoieaf. imsfl vjoN bMgflIaF ivwc pMjfbIaF qoN vwD afpxy lyKkF klfkfrF pRqI siqkfr qy ipafr hY. ieh afpxy sfihqkfrF df mfx huMdf hY. bMgflIaF dy GrF ivwc rfibMdr nfQ tYgor dI qsvIr quhfnUM imlygI Xfd rhy ik tYgor nUM 1913 ivwc svIzn dI sfihq akfzmI vloN dunIaF df sB qoN vwzf igixaf  jFdf sfihqk ienfm sfihq df nobl purskfr imilaf sI tYgor vloN ilKI AusdI pusqk gIqFjlI vfsqy jo tYgor dIaF kivqfvF qy gIqF df sMgRih hY. ieh eysLIaf dy iksy vfsI leI pihlf vwzf sfihqk ienfm sI. Xfd ieh vI rwKxf cfhIdf hY ik mUl rUp ivwc gIqFjlI bMgflI BfsLf ivwc ilKI geI sI. iesy qrHF pihilaF simaF ivc pMjfbI smfj aMdr bhuq sfry vihm Brm sn ieh 1930 duafly dI siQqI bfry gwl kIqI jf rhI hY. AudoN pMjfbI dy AuWGy lyKk gurbKsL isMG pRIq lVI ny afpxy dlIl BrpUr agFhvDU sfihq rfhIN bhuq sfry lokF nUM ies pfisAuN moV ky vihmF BrmF df KihVf Cwzx dI pRyrnf idwqI sI, hux puwiCaf jf skdf hY ik  pMjfbIaF dy ikMny ku GrF ivwc gurbKsL isMG pRIqlVI dI qsvIr dyKI jf skdI hY? gurbKsL isMG pRIqlVI dIaF ivdvqf BrpUr qrksLIl ilKqF df asr sfzy pMjfbI dy bhuq sfry sfihqkfrF qy awj qwk vI hY. pMjfbI smfj nUM gurbKsL isMG pRIqlVI vloN idwqf igaf ipafr PlsPf ik ipafr kbjLf nhIN pihcfx hY ijMdgI qoN DONsvfdI rvweIey nUM Kqm krky mnuwK nUM nvIN sULJ qy ijLMdgI jIAux df nvF qy sfAU rfh dwsdf hY. iesy qrHF sfzy pMjfbI sfihq nUM pRo: pUrn isMG ny pRBfivq kIqf sI. pr ikwQy hY awj sfzy pUrn isMG dy kfiv dI pRMprf? qy ikwQy hY Auh pMjfb ijsdy pUrn isMG gux gfAuNdf nhIN sI Qwkdf? sfzy lokF vloN amIr bxn dy hfbVpuxy ny afpxy isafxy sUJvfnF dIaF gwlF nUM lV hI nhIN bMinaF, aml qF AunHF AuWqy qd hI hoxf sI jy Auh lV bMnHIaF huMdIaF.

 

sfihq asIN do qrHF pVHdy hF iek qF hY skUlF, kfljF, XUnIvristIaF ivwc slybsF ivwc lwgIaF ikqfbF jo iksy vI iksm dI koeI izgrI krn vfsqy pVHnIaF jrUrI huMdIaF hn. pr ienHF ikqfbF df afpxf iek dfierf huMdf hY ijs qoN bfhr jfx dI iksy nUM afigaf nhIN huMdI. ienHF ikqfbF dI syD slybs imwQx vfilaF dI mMnsLF jF rfj swqf qy kfbj jmfq dI rfjsI mrjLI dy ivroD ivwc nhIN jf skdI . dUsrI iksm df Auh sfihq hY jo asIN afpxy igafn, sUJ qy akl  dy dfiery nUM vDfAux Kfqr pVHdy hF. ienHF dohF iksmF dy sfihq nUM pVHidaF bhuq sfrf aMqr jF Prk vI njLr afAuNdf hY. slybsF vflf sfihq vgdI nihr vrgf do iknfiraF ivwc ismitaf huMdf hY jdoN ik dUjI iksm df sfihq smuMdr aqy asmfn vFg ivsLfl huMdf hY, ibnf iknfiraF aqy ibnF idshwidaF qoN, pUrI dunIaF dy msilaF nUM afpxy klfvy ivwc lYNdf hoieaf. ies rfh qur ky hI asIN dunIaF dy jfxkfr huMdy hF . nhIN qF sfnUM kI pqf lgdf ik kOx hoieaf guilsqF qy bosqF ilKx vflf sLyK sfadI, kOx hY sLYkspIar, kOx hY brnfrz sLfh qy jOhn kIts, kOx hY qflsqfey qy kOx hoieaf mYkism gorkI, cYKv, sLoloKov, dfsqovskI, kOx hY Qfmsmn, aYlyks hylI, ikvyN pqf lgdf kOx hoieaf rsUl hmjLfqov jIhny ikqfb ilKI myrf dfigsqfn qy  kOx hY KlIl ijbrfn, qy boirs polyboeI aslI iensfn dI khfxI ilKx vflf jF Pyr dFqy kOx hY, XF pfl sfrqr, kOx hY rUso kOx hoieaf aYlbrt kfmU, kOx hoeI sImon dI bYvUafr, kOx hY nfdIn gfrzImr , zoirs lYisMg qy tonI mfrIsn iesy qrH bhuq sfry hor lok hn ijnHF dy nF igxfey jf skdy hn.

 

asIN afpxy mulk qoN bfhr vsx vfly ijwQy vI vsdy hF Aus mulk dy sfihq qy swiBafcfr nfl ikMnf ku juVdy hF. iewQy dy lyKkF dIaF ikNnIaF ku ilKqF pVHdy hF qF jo ies DrqI nfl vI juV skIey. ieh svfl hr QfvyN vsdy  pMjfbIaF bfry jF khIey prvfsIaF bfry kIqf jf skdf hY.

 

jdoN asIN afpxI mF bolI dy lyKkF dI gwl krdy hF bfbf PrId qoN lY ky buly sLfh, sLfh husYn, sulqfn bfhU, vfirs sLfh, dmodr, pIlU qy hor bhuq sfry. jy ipCly smyN dI gwl krIey qF jfxIeyN ik ikvyN sfzI bolI qy BfsLf dI syvf krn vfly pMjfbI swiBafcfr bfry bhuq hI mwlvfn ikqfb myrf ipMz ilKx vfly igafnI guridwq isMG, BfeI vIr isMG , po: pRIqm isMG , sMq isMG syKoN, bfvf blvMq, divMdr siqafrQI, Ausqfd dfmn, sMqoK isMG DIr, aimRqf pRIqm, blvMq gfrgI, nMd lfl nUrpurI, DnI rfm cfiqRk, zf: jgqfr, isLv kumfr qoN awj dy vDIaf kvI surjIq pfqr hovy jF gjLlgo jsivMdr qy bhuq sfry hor hn ijnHF dy nfm igxy jf skdy hn.

 

ienHf sfiraF ny sfnUM sfihq dy lV lf ky vDIaf iensfn bnfAux df jqn kIqf. hux qF PrjL sfzf hY ik asIN afpxy vzyiraf df kihxf mMn ky nroeIaf sfihqk, swiBafcfrk qy BfeIcfrk kdrF-kImqF dy lV lwgIey. afpxy sfihqk aqy swiBacfrk ivrsy dy nroey pwK nUM sMBflIey.

 

sfihq smfj df sLIsLf hI nhIN huMdf sgoN smfj nUM syD dyx vflf, agvfeI krn vflf rfh vI huMdf hY. ieh rfh qF qd hI pwly pYNdf hY jy asIN ikqfbF dI kdr krIey asIN ikqfbF dy lV lwgIey, afpxy afp nUM ikqfbF dy lV lfeIey. dunIaF nUM bdlx vfsqy sUJ dI loV pYNdI hY ikqfbF igafn qy sUJ dyx df BMzfr hn.

 

ijnHF mulkF ivwc asIN rih rhy hF iewQy ikqfbF df bhuq mhwqv hY. quhfnUM koeI Gr aijhf nhIN imlygf ijwQy ikqfbF dIaF BrIaF sLYlPF nf hox, iewQoN qwk ik Kfx pkfx leI kMm afAuNdf rsoeI nfl sbMDq sfihq dIaF keI keI drjx ikqfbF hr Gr ivwc peIaF dyK skdy ho. ieh cMgI afdq sfzIaF bIbIaF nUM vI pf lYxI cfhIdI hY ik Auh vI iesy rfhy hI ikqfb vfly klcr nfl juVn. jdoN ipMz jfx qF BfvyN rsoeI nfl sbMDq sfihq dIaF ikqfbF lY afieaf krn jdoN pVHn dI afdq pY geI Pyr aOK muwk jfvygI.  ievyN hI bwicaF dy jnm idn mnfAuNidaF bwcy nUM hor jo mrjLI qohPf idAu pr AunHF dI Aumr muqfbk pVHn Xog cMgI ikqfb vI jrUr lY ky idAu , jy iksy nUM nf pqf hovy ik bwcy vfsqy ikhVI ikqfb KrIdI jfvy qF ikqfbF dI dukfn vfly ies ivwc quhfzI mwdd krdy hn, bwcy dI Aumr qy sLOk bgYrf puwC ky Auh quhfnUM KrIdI jfx vflI ikqfb bfry suJfa dyxgy. hux vylf hY afpxy iewQy vsdy smfj nUM ikqfbF rfhIN sLbdF df qohPf qy igafn df pRsLfd vI dyeIey. ies sUJ BrpUr igafn dy pRsLfd qoN ibnF sfzI ijLMdgI smyN dI qor nfl kdm imlf ky nhIN cwl skdI. sfzI afAux vflI pIVHI dy bwcy ies sUcnf qy qknIk (ienPfrmysLn aYNz tYknOlojI) dy smyN ikAuN smyN qoN ipwCy rihx? ies bfry mfipaF nUM sucyq hoxf pvygf ik jdoN GrF ivwc hr suwK shUlq df smfn ipaf hY qF Gr ivc igafn dy BMzfr ikqfbF ikAuN nf hox? isrP skUlI slybsF dIaF ikqfbF hI nf hox bwicaF nUM AunHF dy psMd dIaF sfihq, ivigafn, ieiqhfs, Drm, swiBafcfr, bolI-BfsLf, iPlfsPI aqy hor ivisLaF nfl sbMD rwKdIaf ikqfbF vI lY ky idwqIaF jfx. bwicaF nUM qrksLIl ivcfrF dy bnfAux df jqn kIqf jfvy, qF ik Auh vwKo vwK ivcfrF qy vsqF nUM prKidaF dlIl sihq gwl krn pr ieh qd hI hoxf hY jy asIN AunHF nUM qrksLIl sfihq pVHn leI lY ky dyvFgy.

 

hux asIN AunHF pMjfbIaF dI gwl krnI cfhuMdy hF ijhVy pMjfbI moh ivwc rMgy qno, mno, Dno afpxI smrwQf qoN vI vwD pMjfb, pMjfbI aqy pMjfbIaq df idn rfq hokf idMdy hn. pMjfbI mF bolI dI syvf leI idn rfq kMm kr rhy hn. pMjfbI swiBafcfr dIaF nroeIaF dysL BgqI vflIaF kdrF kImqF aqy afpxy ivrsy  dy amIr pwK dI gwl krdy hn. ieh hn jI pMjfbI swQ lFbVf vfly aqy XUrpI pMjfbI swQ vfly jo zf: inrml isMG, pRo: kulivMdr isMG srfey aqy moqf isMG srfey horF dI agvfeI ivwc afpxy hor bhuq sfry sihXogIaF nfl sfrI dunIaF aMdr pMjfbI mF bolI df hokf dy rhy hn. pMjfb qy pMjfbI dI sLfn AuWcI kr rhy hn. iesy krky kihx nUM idl krdf hY -  pMjfbIaf dI sLfn vwKrI.

 

pMjfbI swQ vfilaF afpxy BfeIcfry dy lokF qy  pMjfbI kOm nfl sbMDq hr pMjfbI nUM Auhdy ivrsy nfl joVn vfsqy bhuq AuWdm kIqy hn aqy lgfqfr kr rhy hn. sB qoN vwzf AuWdm hY ikqfbF Cfp ky ibnF iksy kImq vsUilaF dUr durfzy dy dysLf ivc vsdy pMjfbI lokF dy GrF qwk phuMcfAuxIaF. dosqo ies qwQ vwl ingfh mfirAu ik pMjfbI swQ vloN hux qwk svf sO dy krIb tfeItl Cfpy jf cuwky hn aqy dunIaF dy lwgBg 140 mulkF qwk AunHF pMjfbI dIaF ikqfbF phuMcfeIaF hn. pqf hY ikMnIaF ku ikqfbF hux qwk vMz cuwky hn pMjfbI swQ vfly ,  -- jy nhIN pqf qF suxo  pMjfbI swQ vloN hux qwk dunIaf dy vwKo vwK dysLF ivwc vMzIaF ienHF ikqfbF dI igxqI ZfeI lwK qoN vI ijLafdf bxdI hY. sfzy sfiraF vfsqy kI ieh mfx krn vflI gwl nhIN? pMjfbI swQ vfly ijhVy rfh qury hoey hn ieh sUJ, sFJ  qy igafn df rfh hY ienHF dy muhwbqI kdmF nfl kdm imlfAu qy BrpUr sfQ idAu.

 

mMjkI dy ielfky ivcoN pMjfbI swQ lFbVf df gTn hoieaf. srgrmIaF vfsqy ipMMz BMgflF klF nUM ies df muwK kyNdr bxf idwqf igaf. ieh swQ vfly hux qwk afpxIaF ZfeI ku drjx hor iekfeIaF vI kfiem kr cuwky hn. ieh dys ivwc vI hn aqy prdysF ivwc vI.  XUrp dy vwKo vwK mulkF aqy, pfiksqfn, amrIkf,  kYnyzf, astrylIaf, inAUjLIlYNz, XugMzf, kInIaf, isMGfpur , mlysLIaf,  kuvYq, zubeI, imzl eIst afid mulkF ivwc ieh kfiem hoeIaF pMjfbI swQ dIaF iekfeIaF. iewQoN qwk ik pMjfbI pusqkF nUM mfrIsLs qy bMglf dysL vrgy mulkF qwk phuMcfAux vrgf kfrj krn vfly pMjfbI swQ vfly mF bolI dy syvkF awgy sfzf isr Jukdf hY. sfzf adbI slfm hY inrsuafrQ ho ky syvf kr rhy ienHF pMjfbI mF bolI, afpxy ivrsy aqy pMjfbI swiBafcfr dy pRcfrkF  qy bylIaf awgy.

 

jrmnI ivc pMjfbI swQ dI vI iekfeI kfiem ho cuwkI hY, jrmnI dI pMjfbI swQ ny afpxy jnm vyly hI  adfrf  mIzIaf pMjfb dy sihXog nfl iek kfiv pusqk iGAu cUrI dIaf bfqF Cfp ky mIzIaf pMjfb dy 2010 vfly sflfnf sfihqk smfgm dy smyN lok arpx kIqI sI. iesqoN bfad pMjfbI swQ vloN aMjUjIq sLrmf df plyTf kfiv sMgRih socF dIaF pYVF Cfipaf igaf . jrmnI dI pMjfbI swQ vfly mIzIaf pMjfb vloN iksy qrHF dI srgrmI ivc hmysLf hI BfeIvfl huMdy hn. Auh BfvyN mIzIaf pMjfb ryzIAu hovy jF Pyr adfrf mIzIaf pMjfb vloN prvfsI ijLMdgI bfry CfpI ikqfb prvfs dy rMg hovy jF Pyr 2012 ivc Kflsy dy sfjxf idvs nUM smripq bhurMgf qy bhumuwlf sovInr hovy. hr QfvyN ies kfPly dI sFJ mfx krnXog hfsl hY.

 

XUrpI pMjfbI swQ vfly hr qrHF nfl adfrf mIzIaf pMjfb aqy mIzIaf pMjfb ryzIAu df hr smyN sfQ idMdy hn, ies vfsqy vIr moqf isMG srfey, inrml isMG kMDflvI aqy hrijMdr sMDU horF df qih idloN DMnvfd kridaF sfnUM KusLI hY. kfmnf hY ieh kfPlf vDdf rhy aqy awgy qurdf rvHy.

 

pMjfbI swQ vfly dohF pMjfbF aMdrly pMjfbIaF aMdr hI nhIN sgoN prdysF ivwc vI ijwQy vI koeI pMjfbI vsdf hY Aus nUM afpxI bolI sfihq aqy afpxy ivrsy, pMjfbI smfj dIaF  ishqmMd kdrF-kImqF nfl joVn df kfrj krn vfsqy sdf srgrm rihMdy  hn.

 

pMjfbI swQ dI jMmx BoieM mMjkI bfry asLok crn aflmgIr horF vloN ilKI aqy kulivMdr isMG srfey horF vloN sMpfdq kIqI bhuq hI igafn BrpUr aqy Koj BrpUr pusqk mMjkI BUim rMgfvlI bhuq hI muwlvfn qy iek sFBxXog ikqfb hY, iehnUM pVHnf nf BuwilAu,  ies ikqfb ivc DrqI dy ies iKwqy dy ieiqhfs, BfsLf qy swiBafcfr bfry hr qrHF dI jfxkfrI mOjUd hY. ieh pusqk ieMgilsL jLubfn ivwc vI  The Colourful Land of Manjki  pMjfbI swQ vfilaF vloN CfpI geI hY, ies ielfky dy sfihqkfrF, pRiswD hsqIaF bhuq sfry mhFpursLF  bfry  jfxkfrI drj hY. iehI mMjkI hY ijsny isrkwZ bbr akflI lihr dy vwzy afgU aqy hor  isafsI nyqf, AuWGy pMjfbI kvI pfsL qy gurdfs rfm aflm vrgy vI pYdf kIqy . ieh ikqfb pMjfb dy ieiqhfs dy suinhrI pMinaF bfry gwl kridaf qlvx dI pihlI sLhId bIbI dIp kOr dI vI bfq pfAuNdI hY. ieh sB kuwJ Kud pVHky hI qusIN afpxy amIr ivrsy bfry jfx skogy.

 

ieh ikqfb AunHF ivdvfnF dI vI gwl krdI hY ijnHF df nfm suxidaF bhuq KusLI huMdI hY. iewQy gwl kIqI jf skdI hY ivdvfn swjx sLrDf rfm iPlLOrI dI . mMjkI ielfky dy iPLlOr dy jMm pl jnfb sLrDf rfm iPlOrI ny 1870 ivc iek Bjn iliKaf sI jo bhuq lMby smyN qoN ihMdUaF dI afrqI vjoN pRvfn ho cuwikaf hY. ihMdU Drm nfl sbMD rwKx vflf koeI vI ivakqI dysL ivdysL ijwQy vI mrjLI vsdf hovy aqy ijhVI jLubfn nfl mrjLI sbMD rKdf hovy  afpxIaF Dfrimk rhu-rIqF kridaF mMjkI dy ies sUJvfn ivdvfn pMjfbI puwqr dI ilKI hoeI afrqI hI gfAuNdf hY. ies afrqI bfry qF bhuq lok jfxdy hn, inwq gfAuNdy vI hn  pr ies dy ilKx vfly bfry bhuq hI Gwt lok jfxdy hn . ieh afrqI hY :

 

Em jY jgdIsL hry , suafmI jY jgdIsL hry

Bgq jno ky sMkt , dfs jno ky sMkt

iCn myN dUr kry , suafmI jY jgdIsL hry [[[

 

sLrDf rfm iPlOrI dI ilKI ies Bjn khIey jF afrqI nUM iPlm pUrb aOr pwCm ivc vI kilafx jI anMd jI dy sMgIq ivc mihMdr kpUr, ibRj BusLn aqy isafmf icqR ny gfieaf sI aqy iesnUM iPlm ivc asLok kumfr, sfierf bfno qy mnoj kumfr qy iPlmfieaf igaf sI. iPlm qF quhfzy ivwcoN bhuiqaF ny dyKI  hoxI aYN.

 

jdoN pMjfbI swQ bfry jfxkfrI dyx vflI ies mMjkI BUim rMgfvlI pusqk nUM pVHogy qF quhfnUM iksy igafn BrpUr KjLfny dy hwQ lwgx df aihsfs hovygf. iek gwl hor ik ies mMjkI dy ielfky qoN hor vI bhuq sUJvfn swjx hY ijvyN adfrf mIzIaf pMjfb nfl juiVaf do afr dIaF do pfr dIaF ilKx vflf quhfzf chyqf rxjIq isMG dUly AurP qfieaf bwkrIaF vflf- iPlOr dy nyVy pYNdy ipMz prqfppury ivc jnimaF, mMjkI df sLyr puwqr hY.

 

Kfs kfrj jo pMjfbI swQ vfilaF sLUrU kIqf Auh hY sLbdF dy pul bxf ky lokF nUM Kfs krky pMjfbIaF nUM iek dUjy nfl glvwkVIaF puafAux leI ies aDIn pMjfbI swQ vfilaF dI koisLsL rhI hY ik pMjfbIaF dI bfq pfAuNdIaF ikqfbF isrP gurmuKI ivwc hI nf Cpx sgoN lihMdy pMjfb dy pMjfbIaF vfsqy sLfhmuKI ivwc vI CfpIaF jfx aqy sLfhmuKI ivwc CpIaF ikqfbF df ilwpI aMqr krvfky AunHF  nUM cVHdy pMjfb aqy prdysF ivwc vsdy pMjfbIaF vfsqy gurmuKI ivwc vI Cfipaf jfvy imsfl vloN bfbf syK PrId jI dI sRI gurU gRMQ sfihb ivwc drj bfxI qy aDfrq bfxI sLyK PrId jI kI nfmI pusqk sLfhmuKI qoN ilwpIaMqr krky gurmuKI ivwc CfpI geI. iesy qrHF sLyK PrId-Aud-dIn gMj-ie-sLkr nF dI jnfb KlIk aihmd injLfmI horF dI ilKI hoeI Koj BrpUr ikqfb nUM  sLfhmuKI qoN ilwpI bdlky gurmuKI ivwc CfpI geI . iesdf ilwpI bdlx df kfrj cyqn isMG horF ny kIqf. ies ivsLy qy iksy pwKoN Koj krn vfilaf vfsqy ieh bhuq hI sihXogI pusqk hY.

 

jdoN sfzy bhuq sfry pRkfsLk pMjfbI ivwc ikqfbF dy pVHn vfilaF dI Gft dI duhfeI pfAuNdy hn  qF dyKxf bxdf hY ik XUrpI pMjfbI swQ vloN lihMdy pMjfb dy Kojkfr BfeI jLfihd iekbfl dI 15 sfl dI imhnq qoN bfad Kot rihq hIr iqafr kIqI  aqy dunIaF aMdr ijMnIaF vI hIrF imldIaF hn sfrIaF hI iekwTIaF krky Koj kfrj pUrf kIqf. awgy vfsqy jdoN vI hIr dy ivsLy qy iksy ny Koj kfrj krnf hoieaf qF jLfihd iekbfl vflI ies ikqfb qoN ibnf pUrf nhIN hoxf. ijhVf kfrj aYnIaF srkfrF , XunIvristIaF qy BfsLf aqy sfihq dy Koj kfrj krn dy nF qy KyKx krn vflIaF sMsQfvF nhIN kr / krvf skIaF Auh ies pMjfbI moh vfly vIr ny kr idwqf . aqy ies nUM pMjfbIaF dy hwQF qwk phuMcfx df kMm XUrpI pMjfbI swQ ny afpxy sihXogIaF nfl rl ky kIqf.ieh vI Xfd rhy ik  hIr ivc rlfa nUM dUr krn vfsqy BfeI jLfihd iekbfl ny afpxI sLfdI vI 10 sfl lyt kr idwqI. ieh Auhdf pMjfbI moh hI hY ik afpxy Koj kfrj nUM Auhny pihl idwqI. ieh Koj kfrj kridaF ieMnI imhnq vyKky aijhy pMjfbI Brf qy sfnUM bhuq mfx huMdf hY.  huxy CpI ZfeI ikwlo Bfr vflI  hIr vfirs ivwc imlfvtI isLarF df vyrvf nF dI Koj pusqk dovF ilwpIaF sLfhmuKI qy gurmuKI  dIaF pihly aYzIsLn ivwc hI pMj- pMj hjLfr kfpIaF CfpIaF geIaF hn jy 5000 hjLfr CpIaF kfpIaF nUM ZfeI ikwlo Bfr nfl guxf kr leIey qF ieh hIr 12500 ikwlo bx jFdI hY. jy dovyN ilwpIaF vflI sFJI igxqI krIey qF 25000 ikwlo Bfr bxdf hY- pUrf ZfeI tMn , Xfd rhy ieh ajy pihlI aYzIsLn hY. ies hIr bfry ieh jfx ky hor vI hYrfnI qy KusLI huMdI hY ik ik ieh pMdrF sflF dI imhnq nfl pUrf hoieaf Koj kfrj hY . iewQy ieh vI afKxf bxdf hY ik ies imlfvtI syarF qoN pfik kIqI geI hIr sLfhmuKI ivwc ilKI geI sI qy iesdf sLfhmuKI qoN gurmuKI ivwc ilwpIaMqr hoieaf hY.

 

Xfd rhy ik 28 aprYl 2012 vfly idn mIzIaf pMjfb dy lfiepisg ivc hoey sflfnf sfihqk smfgm aqy kvI drbfr dy mOky  hIr vfirs ivwc imlfvtI isLarF df vyrvf vflI ikqfb vI lok arpx kIqI geI sI. ieMglYNz qoN XUrpI pMjfbI swQ vfly bVy vwzy jQy nfl ies smfgm ivc phuMcy sn. ies imlfvtI isLarF vflI  hIr ivc jLfihd iekbfl vloN ilKI vwzI sfrI  BUimkf dy nfl hI cVHdy aqy lihMdy pMjfb nfl sbMD rwKdy (kuwJ prdysIN vsx vfly vI)  90 qoN AuWpr pMjfbI jLubfn dy sUJvfnF/ivdvfnF ny afpxIaF rfvF vI ilKIaF hn.

 

ies hIr vfirs ivwc imlfvtI isLarF df vyrvf vflI vwz afkfrI ikqfb Cp jfx qoN bfad pfTk hux  imlfvt qoN rihq jLfihd iekbfl vloN iqafr kIqI vfirs sLfh dI Kfls hIr dI bVI bysbrI nfl AuzIk kr rhy hn, qF jo sfzI pIVHI nUM vI pqf lwg sky ik afKr vfirs sLfh ny kI iliKaf sI.

 

rMgF dI gfgr- srdfrf isMG jOhl horF dI svY jIvnI hY ijhVy sfzy sUJvfn pMjfbIaF ivwcoN hn jo pMjfbI XUnivristI aqy KyqIbfVI XUnIvristI dy vfeIs cFslr vI rhy. kyNdrI srkfr aMdr AuWcy ahuidaF qy slfhkfr bxky ivcrdy rhy. ieh ikqfb bhuq hI muwlvfn hY iesnUM jrUr pVHo. ijnHF lokF ny afpxy jIvn nUM jIAUx dI sucwjI jfc iswKxI hovy AunHF vfsqy ieh pusqk pVHnI bhuq jrUrI hY. iesy qrHF ijnHF lokF ny  ajy qwk blvIr iskMd dI ilKI pMjfbI swQ dI torFto iekfeI vloN CfpI ikqfb drvysL bIbIaF nhIN pVHI Auh bhuq kuwJ qoN aDUry hn. ieh ikqfb pVHnXog hY. ieh ikqfb pVHky qusI irsiqaF nUM nvyN idRsLtIkon qoN dyKxf surU kr dyvogy, irsLiqaF pRqI quhfzI soc bdl jfvygI. quhfnUM irsLiqaF dI nvIN pRIBfsLf lwBygI ies ivcoN, quhfzy aMdrlf pMjfbIpuxf hor amIr hovygf. quhfnM pqf lwgygf ik drasl mfsUmIaq kI huMdI hY. KUn dy irsLiqaF nfloN aihsfs dy irsLqy mnuwKqf dy bhuq nyVy huMdy hn. quhfnUM ieh vI pqf lwgygf ik aOrq df snmfn hI mnuwKqf dI buinafd hY. pMjfbI smfj aMdr awj aijhy ivcfrF nUM pRcfrn dI bhuq loV hY.

 

ajmyr kvYNtrI horF dIaF  keI ikqfbF hn mfpy qy sMqfn, bolI qy mF bolI, duwly Krl srfBy, kflf aMb, srgosLIaF, pwQr lIkF, aMbIaF nUM qrsyNgI. iesy qrHF hI sLfh muhMmd vloN ilKI bhuq AuWGI vfr jMgnfmf isMGF qy PrMgIaF nUM sLfhmuKI qoN bdl ky gurmuKI ivc krn df bhumuwlf kfrj vI ajmyr kvYNtrI horF ny kIqf aqy  ies ivc afsP KF horF df iliKaf jfxkfrI BrpUr muwK bMd pVHnf quhfzy leI bhuq lfhyvMd ho skdf aqy quhfnUM socx vfsqy mjbUr kr jFdf hY.

 

hr ivsLy bfry hI ikqfbF bhuq hn aqy isPqXog gwl hY ik pMjfbI swQ vfilaF ny bflF vfsqy cIco cIc gnyrIaF aqy 100 bfl gIq-kivqfvF, inwky inwky mxky, bRihmMz dI Gtnf vI CfpIaf hn jo gurmuKI qy sLfhmuKI dohF ilwpIaF ivc hn. ieh ikqfbF vI 5000 hjLfr dI igxqI ivwc hI CfpIaF geIaF hn qF ik vwD qoN vwD bwicaF qwk phuMcfeIaf jf skx. ies qrHF bwicaF aMdr pVHn dI cytk lfeI jf skdI hY.

 

ieh hor vI hulfry vflI gwl hY ik swQ vfly ikqfbF Cfpx vyly kfPI sfrIaF ikqfbF 5000 dI gixqI ivwc hI Cfpdy hn. kfPI sfrIaF pusqkF dy do jF iqMn iqMn aYzIsLn vI Cp cuwky hn.

 

jdoN ikwisaF dI gwl qurdI hY Auh kvIsLrI dy rMg ivc hn ikwsf Bgq isMG qy ikwsf kUkf lihr , ikwsf igafno qy sujfnoN aqy ikswf sIqf suvMbr ijhVf ik puafDI rMg vflf ikwsf hY. iek gwl Xfd rhy ik pMjfbI swQ vfilaF pMjfb dy iksy vI ihwsy nUM axgOilaF nhIN kIqf Auh mMjkI dy nfl hI  duafbf, mflvf, mfJf , puafD hovy jF Pyr KojI jfxkfrI bfry CfpI ikqfb ijwQy ikwkrF nUM aMb lwgdy nfmI ikqfb mflvy bfry jfxkfrI pRdfn krdI hY.

 

vfqfvrx aMdrly prdUsLx dI gwl qurdI hY, Auhdy bfry iqVkI DrqI ivhulf pfxI, icVI ivcfrI kI kry, sLihr nmUny nrk dy ies ivsLy bfry jfxkfrI dyx vflIaF ikqfbF hn.

 

nsLfKorI jo pMjfb dI juafnI nUM Kf rhI hY bfry sfihq gBrU dysL pMjfb dy zuwb gey ipafly aqy iswDf rfh isivaF nUM jfvy quhfzy pVHn vfsqy hfjLr hn.

 

gwl sMqflI dI vMz nfl sbMDq ikqfbF dI hovy qF aMbr kflf ieq ibD hoieaf aqy drdmMdF dIaF afhIN dy pihlf qy dUjf prfgf quhfnUM pVHny pYxgy, gwl afpsI irsLiqaF dy iqVkx dI hovy ies sbMDI ikqfb joVIaF jwg QoVIaF ivcfrI jf skdI hY, gwl prvfs ivc gujLfry jf rhy prvfsI jIvn dI hovy ijs bfry iek cMgI ikqfb bfr prfey bYsxf nUM ivcfiraf jf skdf hY, jdoN gwl pMjfbI bolI qy BfsLf dI afAuNdI hY qF  mF bolI df kwlH awj qy Blk , bolI qy mF bolI aqy hor keI ikqfbF hn.

 

jy pMjfb sbMDI jfxkfrI lYx df mn hovy qF pMjfbI swQ dy muwK syvfdfr zf: inrml isMG horF vloN iqafr kIqI geI ikqfb kI jfxf mYN kOx pVHnI nf BuwilAu.

 

jdoN mYN sFJF dy pulF dI gwl krdF qF dyKdF qF mYnUM njLr afAuNdf hY  ik pMjfbI df awj dy smyN df sB qoN vwzf kvI bfbf njLmI hY. pMjfbI swQ vfilaF pMjfbIaF qy ieh aihsfn hI kIqf ik sFJy pMjfb dy lok kvI bfbf njLmI dI coxvIN kivqf sLfhmuKI qoN gurmuKI ivc krvfky CpvfeI ijsdI ilwpI bdlx df kfrj pMjfbI dy AuWGy kvI hrBjn isMG huMdl horF ny kIqf. ies ikqfb nUM pVHidaF quhfnUM cMgI kivqf df igafn vI huMdf hY.

 

iesy qrHF df kfiv sMgRih hY  hrijMdr isMG sMDU horF df awg dy awQrU hY , ijsny vI piVHaf isPq slfh kIqy ibnF nhI rih sikaf. hor ieMglYNz vfsIaF dy klfm vI Cfpy gey hn ijvyN mihMdr isMG idlbr horF df kflf gulfb icwtI mihk nF df kfiv sMgRih pVHn qy mfnxXog hY. vulprhYNptn dy 32 kvIaf df sFJf vulprhYNptn kvIaF df sLihr nfmI kfiv sMgRih ieMdrjIq isMG jIq horF ny sMpfidq kIqf.

 

awg dy awQrU hrijMdr sMDU dI ikqfb pihly aYzIsLn ivcw 5000 dI igxqI ivwc CpI dUjf aYzIsLn 2500 dI igxqI ivwc Cipaf, hux dyKo aglf aYzIsLn ikMnf Cpdf hY. ieho jhIaF hor vI ikqfbF hn  keIaF dy qF iqMn aYzIsLn vI Cp gey hn. pMjfb dI pVH ilK ky afdrsL ivhUxI ho rhI aqy BtkI hoeI byrujgfr juafnI bfry asIN inwq gwlF krdy hF hrijMdr sMDU vI ieho kuwJ kih irhf hY : pihlF hrijMdr sMDU dI ikqfb awg dy awQrU dI  kI ho igaf juafnIeyN qYnUM nF dI kivqf pVHo :

 

kI ho igaf juafnIeyN qYnUM ,

ikAuN pwqy vFgUM iPry zoldI

jlvf nhIN huMdf sI shfr qyry muwK df

AuWjiVaf ikAuN ipaf nI bjLfr qyry muwK df

qyry mUhry JukdI sI BIV dunIaF dI

dws ikvyN lih igaf lMgfr qyry muwK df

qyrf AuWjV igaf nI Gr bfr

dws  ikhnUM  iPry  toldI

kI ho igaf juafnIeyN qYnUM ,

ikAuN pwqy vFgUM iPry zoldI

 

kdy qF pMjfb nUM juafnIaF qy mfx sI

rwb dIaF suwcIaF insLfnIaF qy mfx sI

Buaf  BYxF  mfsIaF  qy  nfnIaF qy mfx sI

cfcy  qfieaF  vIrF idljfnIaF qy mfx sI

mUMh qy BfjI BfjI krdI dunIaF

awgy  ipwCoN   gIJy  PoldI

kI ho igaf juafnIeyN qYnUM ,

ikAuN pwqy vFgUM iPry zoldI

 

myilaF qy iCMJF df iqAuhfr sFJf huMdf sI

gurduafrf mMidr mjLfr sFJf huMdf sI

awK sLrm rwKxI ivhfr sFJf huMdf sI

DI BYx vflf siqkfr sFJf huMdf sI

awj kl dI muzIHr sLryafm

iewjqF   cOrfhy   rOdI

kI ho igaf juafnIeyN qYnUM ,

ikAuN pwqy vFgUM iPry zoldI

 

nisLaF c Kr geI juafnI myry dysL dI

boqlF c vV geI  juafnI myry dysL dI

ikhVI Kuwzy dV geI juafnI myry dysL dI

koeI lwBo ies duwK df ielfj

nf cuwp  cuwp lMGo  kol dI

kI ho igaf juafnIeyN qYnUM ,

ikAuN pwqy vFgUM iPry zoldI

 

pMjfb dIaF iewjqF dy rfKy ikwQy gey ny

ikhnUM ikhnUM dwsF zfky ikwQy ikwQy pey ny

idl ivc  drdF dy  hOl zUMGy  pey ny

bwDIaF CuzfAux vfly afp bwDy pey ny

 

qyrf nisLaF ny Kf ilaf Cbfb

qUM gwl dws ikAuN nhIN gOdI

kI ho igaf juafnIeyN qYnUM ,

ikAuN pwqy vFgUM iPry zoldI

 

ieh iek bhuq vwzf svfl hY jo hrijMdr sMDU afpxI kivqf rfhIN sfzy sB dy awgy pfAuNdf hY. ies sB kfsy df ksUrvfr qy dosLI rfj pRbMD leI cuixaF igaf isstm hY, ijsnUM srmfeydfrI isstm kihMdy hn. ieh Kud iek bhuq vwzI smwisaf hY, jo mulk dy BivwK nUM sFBx vfly ies srmfey nUM rolx ivc sB kuwJ jfxdy hoey  afpxf koJf rol adf kr irhf hY.

 

hYrfn nf hoieAu sgoN hux KusL hox dI vjHf hY ik pMjfbI swQ vfly hux qwk ikqfbF Cpvf ky dysL ivdysL aMdr Gr Gr phuMcfAux qy pMjfbI bolI , klf, swiBafcfr dy Kyqr ivwc kMm krn vfilaf dy snmfn krn vfly smfgmF  Bfv afpxy kfrjF AuWqy hux qwk lwg-Bg iqMn kroV rupey Krc cuwky hn. jI hF iqMn kroV rupey. ijMny pYsy sfzI pMjfb dI srkfr vI nhIN KrcdI. ieh huMdI hY lgn afpxI mF bolI df moh pflx dI. pMjfbIaF aMdr pMjfbIpuxy nUM gUVHf krn aqy iesdIaF BfeIcfrk sFJF AuWcIaF suwcIaF kdrF kImqF nUM  qkiVaF krn leI zty rihxf.

 

iek gwl hor ik hr sMsQf ijhVI vI sfihq vfsqy kMm krdI hY Auh DVybMdIaF dy mrIjL hox krky afpixaF jF afpxy nyVilaF hI  nUM snmfnI jFdy hn, afm krky bMidaF nUM hI snmfinaF jFdf hY. pr ieh pMjfbI swQ vfly hI hn ijnHF df  kihx hY ik hr kfmXfb bMdy dy ipWCy aOrq df hwQ huMdf hY, ieh swc vI hY ies krky pMjfbI swQ vfilaF ny pMjfbI lyKkF dIaF pqnIaF df snmfn kIqf. ieh nvIN iprq vI hY bfby nfnk dy aOrq nUM so ikAuN mMdf afKIaY ijqu jMmY rfjfn vfly kQn nUM isjdf krnf vI hY, aqy Ausqy aml krnf vI, snmfn vI aYvyN gwlIN bfqIN nhIN krdy bIbIaF nUM vI golz mYzlF nfl snmfndy hn. ies suwcy kfrj dI isPq krnI bxdI hY.

 

iesy qrHF moqf isMG srfey horIN XUrpI pMjfbI swQ vloN bfhrly dysLF qoN ieMglYNz afey pMjfbIaF nUM Gry swdky ivcfr-vtFdry df mOkf pYdf krdy hn. ipCly idnIN mYN vI aijhy iekwT ivc sLfml hoieaf qy Bfrq qoN afey bIbI arkml kOr aqy sLfm isMG aMg-sMg vI ies ivc sLfml hoey. Kfs gwl ieh ik iekwT BfvyN KVyH pYr hI kIqf jfvy  pr aijhy mOky vI ikqfb nUM ivsfiraf nhIN jFdf. ies iekwT ivc vI ieMglYNz vfsI kvI rfey mihMdr isMG df plyTf kfiv sMgRih jUh ivc rUh lok arpx kIqf igaf ies kfiv sMgRih ivcoN iek isLar hfjLr hY :

 

 

burf nf bol ,  kuPr  nf qol

duwK suK afAuxy jfeIN nf zol.

 

asIN XUrpI pMjfbI swQ dy irxI hF ik Auh mIzIaf pMjfb dy pihly hI smfgm qoN ies df BrpUr sfQ dy rhy hn, nfl hI DMnvfdI hF ik AunHF ny mxF mUMhIN ikqfbF jrmnI ivc vsdy pMjfbI BfeIcfry nUM phuMcfeIaF hn.

 

XUrpI pMjfbI swQ vfly isrVI syvfdfrF moqf isMG srfey, hrijMdr isMG sMDU aqy inrml isMG kMDflvI horF df idl dIaF zUMGfeIaF qoN DMnvfd kridaF bVf hI cMgf mihsUs ho irhf hY. qMdrusq qy lMbIaF AumrF hox sfzy ienHF pMjfbI vIrF dIaF, jo pMjfbI dy ho rhy kfrjF ivwc hr QfvyN phuMc ky pMjfbI df hokF idMdy hn, ijwQy vI phuMcdy hn ikqfbF nfl lY ky phuMcdy hn. jrmnI qoN aMjU sLrmF aqy suwcf isMG bfjvf vI DMnvfd dy pfqr hn.

 

sfzy vloN pMjfbI swQ vfilaF dI ihMmq, hOsly,  dlyrI qy sUJ nUM slfm hY. pMjfbI swQ dIaF ikqfbF bhuq sfrIaF hn iewko smyN sB bfry gwl krnI aOKI hY. rihMdIaF bhuq sfrIaF hor ikqfbF bfry Pyr iksy smyN qy gwl krn df vfadf irhf. afKr ivwc bfbf njLmI df iek isLar hY pMjfbI swQ vfilaf dy nF :

 

by ihMmqy ny ijhVy bih ky isLkvf krn mukwdrF df

AuWgx vfy AuWg pYNdy ny sInf pfV ky pwQrF df.

 

pMjfb, pMjfbI aqy pMjfbIaq - ijLMdfbfd.

 


ipafrI jhI Xfd bxky rih igaf hrdIp dUhVf

- kyhr sLrIPL

 ijvyN KuwlHy drvfjy coN hvf df hlkf ijhf buwlf srrrrr krdf aMdr lMG afvy qF huMm c bYTy bMdy nUM cMgf ijhf hI mihsUs nhIN huMdf sgoN jfn vI sOKI hoeI lwgx lwg pYNdI hY. iesy qrHF viraF pihlF dI gwl Xfd afAuNdI hY tYlIPon dI GMtI vwjdI qy nrm jhI avfjL vflI hYlo inkldI agly hI pl Gr pirvfr df hfl-cfl puwCdf qy afKdf nf juafn kdy Pon eI nI kIqf nhorf ijhf mfr ky afKdf qy gwlIN jut pYNdf. Pyr cwl so cwl pMjfbIaF qoN sLurU ho ky dunIaF jhfn dIaF gwlF. ieMj hI huMdf sI hr vfr jdoN vI hrdIp dUhVy nfl gwl huMdI. sFJ sfzI dI sLurUafq dI buinafd sI mfrksvfdI PlsPf aqy kimAUinst lihr nfl juVy hoxf. asIN dovyN hI Kwby pwK nfl juVy hoey hox krky iek dUjy pRqI nyVqf rwKdy sI, imlx-iglx vI bixaf rihMdf sI.

 

hlky srIr, slIky Bry bolF, sunwKy nYx-nksLF aqy pUrI apxwq nfl iBwj ky imlx vflf isrV qy isdk vflf sfQI sI hrdIp dUhVf. AusnUM afpxy lok drdI hox df sB qoN vwD mfx sI, jo sB dy duwK drd dI gwl krdf. Auh dunIaF ivc cwldIaF Kwby pwKI lihrF bfry pVHdf rihMdf. AusdIaF gwlF aqy aml ivc pfVf koeI nhIN sI sgoN ieksfrqf sI. apxwq dI mihk nfl BrpUr sI Auh.

 

hrdIp, sfAUQfl dy hI nhIN ieMglYNz dy pMjfbI BfeIcfry dy kwdfvr afgU kfmryz ivsLxU dwq sLrmF dwq dI agvfeI ivc smfj aMdr ivcrdf irhf. ieMglYNz ivc PrYNzjL afP sI pI afeI nF dI jQybMdI kfiem kIqI, sdIvI ivCoVf dy jfx dy smyN vI hrdIp ies jQybMdI df jnrl skwqr sI. pMjfb dy aMdr kfly idnF ivc jdoN iksy dI jfn sOKI nhIN sI qF vlYq dy sUJvfn hlikaF vloN crcf nF df prcf kwiZaf igaf ivsLxU dwq nUM ies df sMpfdk bxfiaf igaf. ies prcy ny sfry hI XUrp dy agFhvDU pMjfbI hlikaF ivc bVf hI hFa pwKI rol inBfieaf ijs nfl kflIaF qfkqF vloN hnyry dy kIqy jf rhy prcfr nUM pCfiVaf. ies prcy crcf vfsqy hrdIp qy AusdI pqnI jsvIr dI imhnq nUM cyqy krnF bhuq cMgf lgdf hY. ijvyN sB nUM pqf hI hY ik koeI vI prcf Cfpxf sLfied ieMnf aOKf nhIN huMdf ijMnf aOKf AusnUM lokF dy hwQF qwk phuMcfAuxf huMdf hY. jdoN crcf Cp jFdf qF pricaF qy lokF dy pqy ilK ky silpF lfAuxIaF, sfry pricaf dy bMzl bMnH ky bwicaF nUM ibTfAux vflI vflI bwGI ivc rwKky hrdIp qy jsvIr gozy gozy brP ivc vI Aus nUM zfk ivc pfAux leI zfkKfny vwl iKwcI jFdy. ies prcy nfl sUJvfn pMjfbIaF aMdr pMjfb bfry shI jfxkfrI phuMcdI rhI.

 

aijhy smyN mYN do ikqfbF df ijLkr krnf cfhFgf ijnHF bfry sfAUQfl ivKy ivsLxU dwq sLrmf horF vloN smfgm rcfey gey. ikrqI pfrtI bfry cYn isMG cYn dI ikqfb ikrqI pfrtI (dUjI sMsfr jMg smyN) aqy bfbf Bgq isMG iblgf dI gdr pfrtI bfry CpI ikqfb gdr lihr dy axPoly vrky . ienHF smfgmF dy pRbMD bfry hrdIp vloN pfieaf Xogdfn bhuq hI slfhuxXog sI. mYnUM dovyN vfr hI ieWQy phuMc ky smfgmF ivc sLfml hox df mOkf imilaf. iesy qrHF pMjfb qoN Coty jF vwzy KwbypwKI lIzr vI jdoN ieMglYz afAuNdy qF hrdIp dy Gr af itkdy. hrdIp hr afAux vfly nUM ieMj hI afKdf sI jI afieaF nUM kfmryz. ikMnf ipafrf lgdf sI AudoN. gdr pfrtI dy XoDy bfbf Bgq isMG iblgf jdoN vI vlYq afAuNdy afpxy puwqrF dy AuWQy huMdy hoey vI keI keI idn hrdIp qy jsvIr dy Gr jrUr atkdy. ieh ienklfbIaF df iek dUjy pRqI moh df irsLqf sI.

 

gwl hovy afpxy smfjI BfeIcfry aMdrlIaF koJIaF smfjI rsmF dI qF Auh afpxI twlI vFg txkdI KrI soc nfl hfjLr huMdf sI. gwl mjLdUrF dy hwkF vfsqy lVy jf rhy GolF dI hovy jF pMjfbI smfj aMdr Drm dy nF qy JUT bol ky iPrkfpRsqI BrI soc dy afsry pfeIaF jF rhIaF vMzIaF nfl pMjfbIaF dI sFJ qoVn dI hovy qF hrdIp iensfnI kdrF-kImqF dI rfKI krn vfly kfPly dIaF mohrlIaF sPF ivc KVHf njLr afAuNdf. mslf skUlF dy pRbMD nUM BYVy hwQF ivc dy ky skUlI ividafrQIaF dy BivwK nUM dfa qy lfAux df hovy qF Auh afpxy Coty Coty bwicaF nUM Gr Cwzky awDI awDI rfq qwk lokF dy GrF dy bUhy KVkf ky msly bfry dws ky afAux vfly KqiraF qoN sucyq krdf aqy lokF nUM lfmbMd krn ivwc AuWGf rol adf krdf aqy Gol nUM ijwq qwk lY jfx vfly sMGrsL nfl hr GVI hfjLr rihMdf. hoeI ijwq qoN lok AusdIaF isPqF aqy DMnvfd krdy nf Qwkdy.  ies krky hI mfipaF vloN sfAUQfl dy prmuwK igxy jFdy ivlIarjL hfeI skUl dy pRbMDkI borz dy lgfqfr keI sflF qwk Auh cyarmYn irhf. 

 

Auh smfjI qy isafsI smfgmF aMdr hI hfjLr nhIN sI huMdf sgoN sfihqk mihPlF aqy smfgmF aMdr vI hr hIly ivcrdf. pr afpxy afp nUM ivdvfn khy jfx vfilaF vloN aOKI pMjfbI vrqI jfx qoN aOKf vI huMdf qy afKdf ik lyKkF nUM qF aijhI aOKI BfsLf iblkuwl nhIN vrqxI cfhIdI jo dUijaF nUM smJ hI nf afvy, ienHF dIaF bhuqIaF gwlF qF sfzy isr qoN hI lMG jFdIaF hn. ienHF nUM qF sOKI jhI BfsLf vrqxI cfhIdI hY jo hr iksy smJ afvy. aijhy ivdvfnF qy afpxf guwsf kwZ lYx qoN bfad afKdf E Xfr ienHF nUM smJfAu kuwJ[[[[[[[[[.

 

hrdIp nfl juVIaF bhuq sfrIaF XfdF ivc iek Xfd 2002 ivc lMzn ivKy hoeI ivsLv pMjfbI kfnPrMs vyly dI hY. sLfm isMG qy hrBjn hlvfrvI vI iewQy afey sn asIN sfry hI rGbIr qy prmjIq sMDFvflIaf dy Gr atky hoey sF, iek sLfm hrdIp dy Gr mihPl sjI pMjfb dI isafsq, pMjfbI dIaF ienklfbI pfrtIaF bfry bhuq lMbI bihs, sLhIdy afjLm Bgq isMG dy supinaF dIaF gwlF, gdrI bfibaF dI  bhfdrI dy ikwsy,  Kfx pIx dy nfl cutkly  qy sLugl ho irhf sI. XfdF ivc sFBI hoeI ieh iek  bhuq ipafrI Xfd hY. sOx nUM jfx qoN pihlF hrdIp ny bhuq hI moh nfl sB df DMnvfd kIqf sI. hlvfrvI kihx lwgf kfmryz, awDI kfnPrMs qF asIN iewQy kr hI leI aY awDI hux AuWQy jf ky krFgy. ies qoN bfad ijMnI vfrI mYN hlvfrvI nUM imilaf Auh hrdIp dy Gr hoeI ies mihPl nUM jrUr cyqy krdf irhf.

 

jdoN vI mYN ieMglYz igaf qF keI vfr aijhy  lokF nfl iml bYTx df sbwb vI bxdf irhf jo kimAuinst pfrtIaF dy keI afgUaF dI JUTI-swcI aflocnf hI nhIN bdKohI krdy vI dyKy / suxy pr AunHF ivwcoN kdy iksy iek dy mUMhoN vI hrdIp bfry mfVy jF kOVy sLbd nhIN suxy sgoN iesdy Ault bhuq sfry lok hrdIp dI sKsLIaq, eImfndfrI, smJdfrI aqy sfPidlI dI isPq krdy hI dyKy gey . awj dy smyN hr iksy dy ihwsy aijhf snmfn nhIN afAuNdf.

 

ipCly smyN qoN Auh kYNsr dy rog qoN pIVq sI . ies bImfrI dy smyN jdoN vI Auh imilaf jF Pon qy gwl hoeI qF Auh cVHdI klf df hI pRgtfvf krdf irhf. kdy vI Ausdy mUhoN hfrn vflIaF gwlF nf suxIaF, Auh sdf hI TIk hox dI afs df pRgtfvf krdf. Ausdy sdIvI ivCV jfx qoN do hPqy pihlF mYNUM pirvfr smyq ieMglYNz jfcxf ipaf, sLfm isMG vI ieMzIaf qoN afieaf hoieaf sI. asIN rGbIr nUM nfl lY ky nfl Ausdy Gr gey, Auh iek idn pihlF hspqfl qoN afieaf sI. ishq kfPI kmjLor sI sKq dvfeIaF qy cwl rhI QrYpI dy asr nfl isr dy bhuq sfry vfl  JV gey sn. AuWQy AuWGf mjdUr afgU iebfl vYd vI afieaf hoieaf sI. bhuq sfrIaF gwlF hoeIaF srfsrI bImfrI dI gwl qoN bfad Ausdf rvfieqI ivsLf sLurU ho igaf. smfj aMdr af rhy inGfr dIaF gwlF, Bfrq dy iBRsLtfcfr dIaF gwlF, KwbIaF pfrtIaF dy iKlry hox df duwK ikMnf hI smF asIN Ausdy kol bYTy rhy .ieh qF icwq cyqf nhIN sI ik isrP do hPiqaF bfad hI Auh sdIvI ivCoVf dy jfvygf.

 

hrdIp dy sdf vfsqy cly jfx nfl Ausdy pirvfr dy nfl hI Ausdy sMgIaF-sfQIaF, nUM vI bhuq sdmf hoieaf. Ausdy cly jfx nfl pey Kwpy nUM pUrn vfsqy bhuq smF lwgygf. ies smyN mn bhuq Audfs hY. hor hux kI khIey , bs ieh hI ik :

 

          dosqI dI aslI mihk vrgf sI sfzf imwqr ipafrf hrdIp dUhVf.

 


lhOr dy sLfdmfn cOk df nfm sLhId Bgq isMG cOk rwiKaf jfvy

 

jrmnI dI afriQk rfjDfnI dy qOr qy jfxy jFdy sLihr PrYNkPort ivKy  icMgfrI Porm jrmnI aqy pfik XUro jrnilst Porm vloN lhOr dy sLfdmfn cOk df nF bdl ky sLhId Bgq isMG cOk rwKx aqy sLhIdF sbMDI iewQy Xfdgfr kfiem krn dI mMg bfry KuwlH ky ivcfrF krn vfsqy smfgm kIqf igaf. ies smfgm ivc sLhId Bgq isMG qy Ausdy sfQIaF dI Bfrq dI ajfdI dI lihr ivc dyx bfry aqy ienklfbIaF dy jIvn aqy sMGrsLF sbMDI dUroN nyiVAuN afey Kwby pwKI kfrkunF ny ivcfr sFJy kIqy.

 

Xfd rhy lhOr ivc ijwQy ieh sLfdmfn cOk (KusLIaF df Gr jF KusLIaF Biraf ivhVf) hY, nfl hI iewQy nvINaF AusfrIaF kr idwqIaF geIaF. ieh Auh sQfn hY ijwQy pihlF Auh jylH huMdI sI ijwQy sLhId-ey-afjLm Bgq isMG aqy Ausdy sfQI bMdI sn aqy iewQy hI AunHF nUM PFsI idwqI geI sI. pr bfad ivc ieh jyl vI qbfh kr idwqI geI aqy ijnHF jylH  koTVIaF ivc sfzy sUrmy dysLBgqF ny afpxI jylHbMdI df smF gujfiraF Auh sQfn qbfh kr idwqy gey. ies qrHF ies XfdgfrI sQfn qbfh krky afAux vflIaF pIVHIaF nUM afpxy ivrsy nfloN qoVn df jqn kIqf igaf. ivrsy nUM cyqy kridaF afpxy lokF qwk phuMcfAux df ieh iek afrMBk jqn ikhf jf skdf hY.

 

jnfb qfihr milk ny rfm pRsfd ibsiml dI njLm srProsLI kI qmMnf ab hmfry idl myN hY[[[[[[[ nfl smfgm df sLurUafq kIqI. seId Kfn ny ikhf sfnUM cyqy rwKxf cfhIdf hY ik Bgq isMG aqy Ausdy sfQIaF ny sosLilst smfj vfsqy jwdojihd kIqI. cODrI rPIk ny sLhIdF dy spuinaF dy aDUry rihx dI gwl CohI aqy ikhf ik awj vI  sfnUM ies vfsqy Gol dI loV hY. mihmUd seId ny ikhf aMgryjL cly gey pr sfzy smfj ivc Auh qbdIlIaF nhIN afeIaF jo afAuxIaF cfhIdIaF sn AunHf awgy ikhf ik Bgq isMG qy sfQIaf df rfh awj vI sfzy vfsqy pRyrnf bxnI cfhIdI hY ik asIN jmfqI sMGrsLF rfhI sosLilst ienklfb vwl vDIey. abduwl kdUs ny ikhf ik Bgq isMG qy Ausdy sfQI ajfdI pRfpqI qoN bfad cMgy smfj leI lVn vfly sUrmy sn AunHF dy aDUry supny pUry krn vfsqy sfnUM awj bhuq sfry Bgq isMGF dI jrUrq hY.

 

iersLfd hfsLmI ny ikhf ik sfzy kol aijhI ivcfrDfrf hY ijs nfl asIN pfiksqfn df mukwdr bdl skdy hF bsLrqy asIN AunHF ivcfrF nUM apxfeIey, AunHF qy pwky pYrIN pihrf dyvIey. AurdU jLubfn dI sLfierf qfihrf rfbfb ny AunHF bhfdr mfvF nUM slfm kIqf ijnHF ny aijhy puwqr pYdf kIqy ijnHF ny afpxy lokF Kfqr afpf kurbfn kr idwqf.afpxI qkrIr qoN bfad bIbI qfihrf rfbfb ny afpxI sLierI vI pysL kIqI.

 

cVHdy pMjfb vloN kyhr sLrIPL ny afpxy ivcfr pysL kridaF sLhId-ey-afjLm dy jIvn, ivcfrDffrk Gol, Bgq isMG aqy Ausdy sfQIaF df ajfdI dy sMGrsL ivc pfey ihwsy df ivsQfr nfl ibafn kridaf ikhf ik Bgq isMG aqy Ausdy hor ienklfbI sfQI mukMml jwdojihd sn, ienklfbI ivcfrDfrf dy hfmI sn ikAuNik Auh kfrl mfrks dy ienklfbI ivcfrF aqy rUsI ienklfb qoN vI pRBfivq sn aqy Bfrq aMdr vI ajfdI pRfpqI qoN bfad smfjvfdI smfj dI sQfpnf AunHF df supnf sI, insLfnf sI. ies krky hI AunHF afpxy sMGrsL dy afrMB ivc hI aqy adflqI ibafnF rfhIN ies nUM drsf idwqf sI aqy afpxI jQybMdI df nF vI ihMdusqfn sIsLosLilst rIpbilk asOsIeysLn rwiKaf sI. Bgq isMG dy jIvn aqy PlsPy aqy ajfdI vfsqy cwlIaF lihrF,  kfkorI qy myrT sfijsL kys, gFDI qy ienklfbIaF dIaF lihrF dy vKryvyN vwKo vwK lihrF bfry vI ivcfr rwKy. awj dy ivsLvIkrn dy dOr aqy sfmrfjI luwt bfry ivcfr pysL kridaF kyhr sLrIPL ny ikhf ik ivksq mulk ivkfssLIl aqy grIb mulkF dI luwt leI nvIaF mMzIaF dI Bfl krdy hn. ies sMdrB ivc sfnUM afpxy sLhIdF dy supinaF nUM cyqy rwKxf cfhIdf hY aqy AunHF dy aDUry rih gey supinaF dI pUrqI vfsqy afpxy imhnqksL lokF nUM sucyq krky sMGrsLF dy rfhy qornf cfhIdf hY. awj dy hflfq ivc  sfzy sfry hI Aup mhFdIp dy lokF nUM hI nhIN sgoN  sfrI dunIaF dy imhnqksL lokF nUM smfjvfdI smfj leI sMGrsL dI jrUrq hY qF jo sB dI brfbrI vflf, luwt rihq aqy ikrqI dy mfx-siqkfr vflf  smfj isrijaf jf sky. ieh hI qF sLhIdF df supnf sI.

 

hfeIzl brg XUnIvristI dy ieiqhfs ivBfg qoN pRoPYsr  zfktr vkfr alI sLfh ny Bfrq dI ajfdI qihrIk AuWqy bolidaF pihlF ies gwl qy KusLI jLfihr kIqI ik BfvyN mulk qoN bfhr hI aijhf sFJf iekwT hY pr afgfjL bhuq vDIaf hY. sLhId-ey-afjLm Bgq isMG bfry bolidaF AuhnF ikhf ik Auh pMjfb df hI nhIN sfzf sB df hY ikAuNik Bgq isMG qF iek qihrIk df nF hY. zf: sfihb ny awgy ikhf ik asIN jdoN vI gwl krdy hF qF kuwJ ku lokF dI hI gwl krI jFdy hF sfnUM aijhy smyN AunHF sB dysL BgqF, ienklfbIaF nUM ijnHF iksy qrHF dysL dI ajfdI lihr ivc ihwsf pfieaf AunHF nUM Xfd krnf cfhIdf hY, ijnHF dIaF ienklfbI koisLsF krky hI aMgryjLF nUM AuQoN Bwjxf ipaf sI. AunHF ies gwl qy duwK pRgt kIqf ik ajy vI sfizaF mulkF ivc Bury aMgryjF ny mulkF df mMdf hfl kIqf hoieaf hY. zf: sLfh ny  jiqn dfs nUM vI cyqy kIqf aqy iek hor ienklfbI rfm ikRsLn bfry ivsQfr pUrvk afpxy ivcfr pysL kridaF ikhf ik ieh nOjvfn Bgq isMG qoN iek sfl Cotf sI pr AusnUM mIaFvflI jyl ivc Bgq isMG horF qoN pihlF PFsI idwqI geI sI. AunHF ny ipsLfvr sfijsL kys df vI ijLkr kIqf aqy hokf idwqf ik sfnUM afpxy ivrsy nUM cyqy rwKxf cfhIdf hY iesqoN syD vI lYxI cfhIdI hY.

 

ies smfgm df pRbMD krn vfilaF dy afgU zfnIal rjLf ny ikhf ik dunIaf ivc bhuq lok afAuNdy hn mr jFdy hn lok AunHF nUM Buwl jFdy hn pr afpxy lokF vfsqy afpf vfrn vfly hwsdy hoey jLihr pIx vfly sukrfq  aqy  hwsdy hoey PFsI cVH jfx vfly Bgq isMG qy Ausdy bhuq sfry sfQIaF vrgy kdy nhIN mrdy sgoN lok sdIaF qwk iekwTy ho ky AunHF qoN pRyrnf lYx df aihd krdy rihMdy hn. zfnIal ny ikhf ik Bgq isMG pwkf mfrksvfdI sI PFsI qy cVHn qoN kuwJ pl pihlF vI lYinn dI ikqfb hI pVH irhf sI. rjLf ny ikhf ik ieh lihrF sfzf ivrsf hn pr sfzy mulkF dy hfkmF ny ienHF lihrF nUM ieiqhfs df ihwsf bxfAux qoN tflf hI vwtI rwiKaf. awj srmeydfrI injLfm afpxIaF alfmqF BuwK-nMg, bykfrI afid lokF df dy boJ hyT af ky mr irhf hY. duwK qklIPF sfzy lokF df nsIb bxdf jf irhf hY. AunHF afKr ivc ikhf ik awj ies DrqI qy ieMzo-pfik dy Kwby pwKI sfQIaF dI sFJI jwdojihd df afgfjL hY.

 

aKIr ivc do mqy srbsMqI nfl pfs krky pMjfb / pfiksqfn dI hkUmq qoN mMg kIqI geI ik lhOr dy sLfdmfn cOk df nF sLhId Bgq isMG cOk rwiKaf jfvy aqy ienklfbI ivrsy nUM cyqy krn vfsqy iewQy sLhIdF nfl sbMDq Xfdgfr kfiem kIqI jfvy.

 

dUsry mqy ivc mMg kIqI geI ik ihMd mhFdIp dy mulkF ivc ienklfbI dysL BgqF nfl sbMDq sfrIaF QfvF qy AunHF dy nfvF dIaF  qKqIaF / plytF lfeIaF jfx ijnHF AuWqy AunHF dy dysLBgqI dy kfrjF df AulyK drj kIqf jfvy qF ik sfzy amIr ienklfbI ivrsy qoN hr koeI jfxU ho sky.

- kyhr sLrIPL

smfgm dIaF kuwJ JlkIaF qsvIrF dI jLubfnI


adfrf mIzIaf pMjfb vloN lfeIpisg vloN

cOQf sflfnf sfihqk joV-mylf aqy kOmFqrI kvI drbfr krvfieaf- kyhr sLrIP

 

hr sfl dI qrHF ies vfr vI aprYl dy mhIny jrmnI dy sLihr lfeIpisg ivKy adfrf mIzIaf pMjfb jrmnI vloN sfihqk joV-myly aqy kOmFqrI kvI drbfr df pRbMD kIqf igaf. ieh smfgm Kflsy dy sfjxf idvs Bfv ivsfKI nUM smripq kIqf igaf sI. ies smfgm ivc pMjfbI bolI-BfsLf, sfihq aqy swiBafcfr nUM ipafr krn vfly  pMjfbI ipafry XUrp dy vwKo vwK dysLF ivcoN vwzI igxqI ivc sLfml hoey. ies adfry vloN 2009 ivc krvfey gey pihly sfihqk joV myly / kvI drbfr ivc bVI Gwt igxqI ivc lok sLfml hoey sn pr ies cOQy kvI drbfr dI Kfs gwl sI ik lgBwg 300 qoN vI vwD mrd aqy bIbIaF ieMglYNz, bYljIam, hflYNz, ietlI, PrFs, nfrvy aqy jrmnI qoN hfjLr sn. smfgm ivc svyr dy ds bjy qoN rfq dy ds bjy qwk pMjfbI bolI, BfsLf, sfihq aqy swiBafcfrk msilaF bfry ivcfrF huMdIaF rhIaF qy smfgm lgfqfr cwldf irhf. isrP rotI Kfx vfsqy hI duiphry iek GMty df smF kwiZaf igaf.

smfgm ivc adfrf mIzIaf pMjfb vloN Kflsf dy sfjxf idvs nUM smripq Cfipaf igaf bhu-rMgf aqy lyKkF dIaF bhumuwlIaF sfihqk rcnfvF nfl BrpUr vwz afkfrI (68 sPy) sovInr lok arpx kIqf igaf. CpfeI dI  nvIN qknIk aqy bhuq vDIaf kfgjL jo lMby smyN qwk sFBxXog jF hMZxXog ikhf jf skdf hY nfl vrosfieaf ieh sovInr aqy ies ivc sbMDq ivsLy qy Cpy lyKF, kivqfvF qy ivcfrF dI hfjLr sroiqaF vloN BrpUr  qy rwjvIN sLlfGf kIqI geI. smfgm ivc sLfml bhuq sfry sroiqaF dy kihx muqfibk ies qrHF df sovInr AunHF ny pihlF kdy nhIN vyiKaf. ies krky ies sovInr nUM iqafr krn vfly sMpfdkI mMzl dy kfimaF bIbI gurdIsL pfl kOr bfjvf, bldyv isMG bfjvf, kulbIr isMG sYxI aqy kyhr sLrIPL dI bhuq sfry lokF vloN pRsMsf kIqI jf rhI sI.

ies smfgm ivc 17 sfl dI imhnq nfl lihMdy pMjfb dy Kojkfr jnfb jLfihd iekbfl vloN iqafr kIqI geI bhuq hI Koj BrpUr hIr vfirs sLfh ivc imlfvtI isLarF df vyrvf nF dI Koj pusqk dysLoN bfhr pihlI vfr iksy sfihqk smfgm ivc lok arpx kIqI geI. ieh ikqfb mU rUp ivc BfvyN sLfhmuKI ivc ilKI geI hY pr XUrpI pMjfbI swQ vfilaF vloN ajmyr kvYNtrI horF qoN iesnUM grmuKI ilpI ivc krvfky qy Cfp ky vwzf kMm kIqf igaf hY. ies ikqfb nUM lokF dy snmuwK krn df mfx vI XUrpI pMjfbI swQ vfilaF ny adfrf mIzIaf pMjfb vloN XUrp ivc kIqy jFdy vwz akfrI sfihqk joV myly aqy kOmFqrI kvI drbfr dy mOky nUM hI idwqf.

adfrf mIzIaf pMjfb vloN Cfpy sovInr qy bolidaF kyhr sLrIPL ny iesdI Cpx ikRaf aqy ies vfsqy kIqI sKq imhnq dy afsry ieMnf vDIaf bnfAux dy sfry sPr nUM ies smfgm ivc sLfml hoey sfry sroiqaF nfl sFJf kIqf aqy ies sovInr ivc Cpy afpxy ivrsy qy pMjfbI sfihq aqy klf nfl sbMDq dfinsLvrF bfry vI ivsQfr sihq jfxkfrI idwqI.

ipCly smyN qoN pMjfbI ivc jo bdlvyN isnmy dI koisLsL ho rhI hY ijs ivc rfjIv sLrmF nF df nOjvfn kfPI srgrm hY, Aus dIaF koisLsLF df ijLkr kridaF kyhr sLrIPL ny Aus vloN bxfeIaF iPlmF afpxf pfsL, nvF jIvn aqy afqU KojI vflI iPlm df ijLkr kridaF afpxy ivcfr pysL kridaF hfjr sroiqaF nUM lok pwKI klf nUM sihXog krn dI apIl vI kIqI.

XUrpI pMjfbI swQ vloN jLfihd iekbfl vflI Koj pusqk hIr vfirs sLfh ivc imlfvtI isLarF df vyrvf nUM lok arpx krn dy mOky  ies bfry bolidaF XUrpI pMjfbI swQ dy muwK sMcflk srdfr moqf isMG srfey ny iekwT ivc juVy pMjfbI ipafiraF nUM ies ikqfb bfry jfxkfrI idMidaF dwisaf ik ieh ikqfb pihlF sLfhmuKI ivc CpvfeI geI, Pyr iesdf gurmuKI rUp ajmyr kvYNtrI horF qoN iqafr krvf ky dovF hI ilwpIaF dy pihly pUr ivc pMj-pMj hjLfr kfpIaF CpvfeIaF geIaF, jo hux quhfzy snmuK hY. srdfr srfey horF ny iekwT nUM sMboDn huMidaF afpxI, bolI qy ivrsy bfry ivcfr pysL kridaF ies nfl juVy rihx qy afpxy pusLqYnI mulk aqy afpxy puriKaF dIaF AuWcIaFsuwcIaF kdrF kImqF nUM smyN anusfr sMBflx df swdf idwqf. iesy qrHF kyhr sLrIPL ny jLfihd iekbfl vloN lMbf smF Krc ky iqafr kIqI ies ikqfb leI jLfihd iekbfl dI pRsMsf kridaF AusdI afpxI mF bolI aqy afpxy ivrsy vfsqy kIqI imhnq nUM slfm kIqf. mIzIaf pMjfb dI muwK sMpfdk bIbI gurdIsL pfl kOr bfjvf ny ies vI iesy qrHF dy BfvpUrq ivcfr pysL kIqy.

jrmn vfsI amrjIq isMG iswDU horF df khfxI sMgRih rohIaF df rfhI aqy nfvl vfirs vI ies smfgm ivc lok arpx kIqy gey. amrjIq isMG iswDU dy khfxI sMgRih rohIaF df rfhI aqy nfvl vfirs bfry kyhr sLrIPL ny ivcfr pysL kIqy. AunHF ny iswDU dI lyKxI ivclI lok pwKI soc aqy pMjfbI mfniskqf dI pysLkfrI bfry cfnxf pfAuNidaf iswDU nUM mubfrkvfd pysL kIqI.

ies sfihqk joV myly dy smyN pMjfb dI mhfn qy rvfieqI josLIlI gfiekI vfly XUrp dy dOry qy afey hoey pRiswD ZfzI jQy BfeI myjr isMG Kflsf, pRo: guribMdr isMG, BfeI qrlok isMG qohPf, BfeI qrlocn isMG qIr lohIaF dy jQy ny ZfzI klf dy jOhr ivKfAuNidaf Kflsf dy sfjxf idvs nfl sbMDq vwKo vwK pRsMg dIaF vfrF pysL krky sfihqk mhOl ivc afpxf ihwsf pfieaf. suxn vfilaF ny ies jQy vloN pysL kIqy iswK ieiqhfs dI sUrbIrqf BrI gfQf nUM slfihaf.

dUjf sMgIqk Dmfkf kIqf suwcf isMG bfjvf ny ijsny algojLy bjf ky sfry hI pMzfl nUM hYrfn kIqf. suwcf isMG bfjvf dy algoijLaF df sfQ idwqf ieMglYNz qoN afeI bIbI krm Buwlr ny, Ausny imrjLf pysL kIqf. ieh bhuq hI kfmXfb qy kmfl dI pysLkfrI sI, ieh pihlI pysLkfrI hox dy bfvjUd slfhuxXog sI  ijs vfsqy suwcf isMG nUM bhuq sfiraF swjxF ny sLfbfsL idwqI.

ies smfgm ivc sLfml huMidaF ieMglYNz qoN afey  ksLmIr isMG GuMmx horF ny adfrf mIzIaf pMjfb vloN pMjfbI pRqI kIqy jf rhy kfrjF dI sLlfGf afpxI kivqf rfhIN kIqI. Xfd rhy ijwQy ieMglYNz qoN XUrpI pMjfbI swQ vfly vfly vwzy jQy nfl ies sfihqk joV-myly ivc sLfml sn nfl hI brYzPorz qoN pMjfbI leI lMby smyN qoN kMm kr rhy bIkfs sMsQf vfly vI pihlI vfr sLfml hoey qy AunHF ny mIzIaf pMjfb adfry vloN jrmnI ivc pMjfbI dy pRcfr aqy psfr vfsqy kIqy jf rhy kfrjF dI bhuq sLlfGf kIqI.

ieMglYNz qoN XUrpI pMjfbI swQ dy sMcflk moqf isMG srfey, hrijMdr isMG sMDU aqy inrml isMG kMDflvI aqy hor vI bhuq sfry pMjfbI ipafry ieMglYNz qoN phuMcy ijnHF ivc mihMdr kOr imwZf,  ksLmIr kOr, ryzIAu pysLkfr krm Buwlr, AuNkfr isMG, dmn mfihl, igafnI iqRvydI isMG, isLvcrn jwgI kuwsf, dyivMdr kwlHx sLfml sn. hr sfl hox vflf ieh sfihqk joV-mylf pMjfbI ipafiraF vfsqy sfry XUrp aqy dunIaf dy hor bhuq sfry mulkF dy pMjfbI sfihqk hlikaF ivc hux kfPI cricq hY. XUrpI pMjfbI swQ vfly srdfr moqf isMG srfey horF dI agvfeI ivc hr vfr hI ies smfgm vyly bhuq sfrIaF ikqfbF lY ky afAuNdy hn jo ies sfihqk joV-myly ivc afAux vfilaf nUM ibnF koeI pYsf vsUilaF hI vMzIaF jFdIaF hn ik lok ieh pVHky afpxI mF bolI nfl juVy rihx. ies vfr vI ies rvfieq nUM kfiem rKidaF XUrpI pMjfbI swQ vfilaF ny bhuq sfrIaF ikqfbF afey mihmfnF qwk phuMcfeIaF, jo lok afpxy nfl Gr lY gey.

ieMglYNz qoN cwlx vfly sMgq tYlvIjLn dI tIm PrFs qoN jQydfr guridafl isMG horF dI agvfeI hyT iewQy phuMcI, ijnHF ny kuwJ lyKkF nfl pMjfbI sfihq aqy swiBacfrk kfrjF bfry mulfkfqF vI kIqIaF aqy ies sfrf idn cwlx vfly sfihqk pRogrfm nUM rIkfrz vI kIqf. jQydfr guridafl isMG horF ny afpxy bhuq hI BfvpUrq ivcfr pysL kridaf sux rhy sroiqaF nUM PrFs ivc pMjfbI bolI aqy swiBafcfr  dy sbMDI kIqy jf rhy kfrjF sbMDI jfxkfrI idwqI, aqy pMjfbI ipCokV vfly bwicaF nUM pMjfbI jLubfn aqy pMjfbI ivrsy nfl joVn vfly agly  pRogrfmF bfry vI dwisaf. s[ rfjbIr isMG, suKbIr isMG sMDU, blivMdr isMG kQfvfck ny vI afpxy ivcfr pysL kIqy.. PrFs qoN hI afey rGbIr isMG kohfV ny Kflsy dy sfjxf idvs dI dI mhwqqf dwsidaF iswKI rvfieqF nUM kfiem rwKx aqy afpxI mF bolI nfl juVy rihx df swdf idwqf.

ies sfihqk joV-myly aqy kOmFqrI kvI drbfr ny nvIN iprq pfeI ik ijwQy ies smfgm vfly QF iqMn sO sroqy phuMcy nfl hI adfrf mIzIaf pMjfb vloN afn lfeIn tYlIvIjLn (ieMtrnYt rfhIN) rfhIN iesnUM dysLF-ivdysLF ivc ivKfieaf igaf, ijs nUM 3000 qoN vI vwD lokF ny kfPI sfry mulkF ivc Gr bYTy hI dyiKaf, pRogrfm cwldy smyN hI bhuq sfry lokF ny Pon krky ies smfgm dI sLlfGf kIqI aqy agly sfl hox vfly kvI drbfr dy mOky Kud sLfml hox df vfadf vI kIqf. ieh pRogrfm mIzIaf pMjfb ryzIAu rfhIN vI pRsfirq kIqf igaf.

kihxf ieh hI bxdf hY ik adfrf mIzIaf pMjfb dy sMcflk bIbI gurdIsL pfl kOr bfjvf, bldyv isMG bfjvf AunHF dy bwicaF, jsmIn kOr bfjvf, jspRIq kOr bfjvf aqy jskrn isMG bfjvf jo sfiraF dy DMnvfd dy pfqr hn. iesdy nfl hI BfeI rivMdr isMG aflmgIr horF dI pRsLMsF krnI bxdI hY ijnHF ny hr kfrj ivc hwQ vtfieaf. anoK isMG GuMmx (bObI), gurivMdr isMG GuMmx aqy bIbI konI ny hor sfQIaF nfl rlky Kfx-pIx dy pfisAuN sB df iKafl rwiKaf. ienHF sfiraF ny hI  idn rfq iek krky ies vwzy iekwT nUM sFiBaf qy afey hr iksy dI loV df iKafl rwiKaf. iesdy nfl hI adfrf mIzIaf pMjfb dy pirvfr nfl juVy hr jIa df DMnvfd ik ijnHF ny ies kfrj nUM nypry cfVHn leI afpxI smrwQf anusfr Xogdfn pfieaf.ies sfry smfgm dI styj skwqrI 'mIzIaF pMjfb' dI muwK sMpfdk bIbI gurdIsL pfl kOr bfjvf ny bhuq hI AusfrU qy sucfrU ZMg nfl inBfeI.

 

    adfrf mIzIaf pMjfb jrmnI dy sflfnf sfihqk  smfgm/ kOmFqrI kvI drbfr mOky Kflsy dy     

    sfjxf idvs/ivsfKI nUM smripq ivsLysL sonInr lok arpx kIqy jfx smyN dI qsvIr.

 

 

adfrf mIzIaf pMjfb jrmnI dy sflfnf  sfihqk  smfgm/ kOmFqrI kvI drbfr mOky Kflsy dy

sfjxf idvs/ivsfKI nUM smripq ivsLysL sonInr lok arpx kIqy jfx smyN drsLkF dI  qsvIr.  

adfrf mIzIaf pMjfb jrmnI dy sflfnf sfihqk smfgm / kOmFqrI kvI drbfr mOky Kojkfr jLfihd iekbfl

vloN hIr vfirs sLfh ivc imlfvtI isLarF df vyrvf nfmI Koj pusqk lok arpx krn smyN dI qsvIr.

  

adfrf mIzIaf pMjfb jrmnI dy sflfnf sfihqk  smfgm/ kOmFqrI kvI drbfr mOky mIzIaf pMjfb dI

muwK sMpfdk gurdIsL pfl kOr bfjvf aqy XUrpI pMjfbI swQ dy mwuK sMcflk moqf isMG  srfey iekwT smyN

BfrI igxqI ivc juVy sfihq pRymIaF nUM sMboDn krdy hoey.

 


  Bfrq dI ajfdI dy sfry sLhIdF nUM sLrDFjlI

  sLhfdq dy supny df swc : sLhId-ie-afjLm Bgq isMG

 - kyhr sLrIPL

 

asIN afpxy sLhIdF nUM cyqy krn vflf idhfVf sfrI dunIaF dy imhnqksLF aqy ivcfrvfn lokF nfl sFJf krn df jqn kr rhy hF. sLhIdy afjLm Bgq isMG, rfjgurU qy suKdyv aqy hor hjfrF hI nOjvfnF ny ijnHF afpxI juafnI dysL ivc cwldI ajfdI lihr dy lyKy lfeI. afpxf hr supnf, afpxI hr KfihsL, hosL sMBflx qoN bfad afpxI ijLMdgI df hr pl afpxy vqn aqy afpxy lokF qoN kurbfn kr idwqf. isr idwqy pr isdk nf hfiraf. ajfdI dI lihr nUM hosL idwqf aqy josL idwqf, lokF dy mnF aMdr gulfmI pRqI nPrq pYdf krn vfsqy afpxI qrksLIl soc, afpxy dlIlF BrpUr iqwKy ivcfrF df pRXog kIqf. ajfdI lihr vfsqy cwldI lihr dI qor qy DVkx dohF nUM iqwiKaF kr idwqf. lok mnF aMdr ajfdI vfsqy afs pYdf krn ivwc shfeI hoey.

        

 sLhId Bgq isMG df jnm 28 sqMbr 1907 nUM bMgf ijlf lfielpur ivc ipqf srdfr iksLn isMG aqy mfqf ividaf vqI dy Gr hoieaf. dysL Bgq bfby arjn isMG ny nv jMmy bflk df nF Bgq isMG rwiKaf. Bgq isMG dy bfbf jI arjx isMG sUJvfn mnuwK sn, jo afrIaf smfj dy pRBfv hyT aMDivsLvfs, aqy CUq-Cfq qoN mukq ho gey sn.

        

qyeI mfrc nUM ihMdusqfn dy vfsI sUrmqfeI dy idhfVy vjoN mnfAuNdy hn. jdoN Bfrq dy sUrmy spUqF  ny afpxy josL nUM hosL nfl rlf ky mulk dy pYrIN peIaF gulfmI daF jMjIrF kwtx leI afpxy jIvn nUM kOmI axK dI rfKI kridaF insLfvr kr idwqf sI.

         

 asMblI hfl c aprYl 1929 nUM asMblI hfl ivc bMb suwtx vyly Bgq isMG qy Auhdy sfQIaF ny nfarf lfieaf sI ienklfb- ijLMdfbfd qy iesdI ivafiKaf kridaF AunHF ikhf sI ienklfb qoN sfzf Bfv mOjUdf pRbMD qy smfj nUM jVoN AuKfV suwtxf hY. ies krky rfj sLkqI AuWqy kbjLf krnf jLrUrI hY. ies vyly rfj pRbMD dI msLIn ivsLysL ihqF dy hwQ ivc hY. jnqf dy ihqF dI rwiKaf vfsqy arQfq smfj nUM nvyN isry qoN kfrl mfrks dy isDFqF anusfr jQybMd krn leI sfnUM srkfr dI msLIn nUM afpxy hwQF ivc lYxf pvygf. asIN ies AudysL vfsqy lV rhy hF. Auh afpxy swcy-suwcy BfvF nUM pRcfrdy hoey afKdy ik ienklfb qoN sfzf Bfv isrP ieh hY ik mOjUdf injLfm ijhVf asloN hI byiensfPI qy aDfrq hY nUM bdl idwqf jfvy, luwt-Ksuwt Kqm kr idwqI jfvy, kfsLqkfr qy mjLdUr BuwKy nf mrn [[[[[[[ ienHF KrfbIaF kfrn hI iensfnIaq qbfh ho rhI hY ienHF nUM Kqm krnf hr iensfn df PLrjL hY. ienklfb df mqlb ieh hY ik susfietI dy pRbMD nUM ies mjbUqI nfl kfiem krIey ik ies ivc sB iksm dy ivqkry Kqm ho jfx aqy hr iksy nUM pUrI ajfdI qy loV anusfr cIjL imly, ieh sfzf rfh hY.

          

klkwqf qoN Cpdy mfzrn rIvIAU dy aYzItr rfmfnMd cYtrjI ny dsMdr 1929 dy prcy ivc ienklfb-ijLMdfbfd dy nfary df mKOl AuzFidaF ies nUM arQhIx ikhf aqy ienklfbIaF nUM Ausny isriPry bMb bfjL afiKaf sI. Pyr 22 dsMbr nUM Bgq isMG aqy dwq ny mfzrn rIvIAU dy nF KLq ilK ky  Auhdy ieqrfjF  df jvfb idwqf sI. AunHF iliKaf bMb kys ivc sfzf ibafn pVHo qy Pyr vyKo asIN kI afiKaf sI. asIN ienklfb nUM hr mOky hiQafrbMd ienklfb dy arQF nfl nhIN joVdy. ienklfb isrP bMbF qy psqOlF nfl ipafr rwKxf nhIN, sgoN bMb qy psqOl kdI kdfeIN ies dy vwKo vwK pVfvF qy phuMcx df vsIlf bx jFdy hn, pr ieh afp ienklfb nhIN aKvf skdy.

          

Bgq isMG df sfrf pirvfr hI dysL Bgq sI. Auhdf ipqf sR: iksLn isMG ajfdI GulftIaF sI. Auhdf cfcf sR: ajIq isMG 1906-07 dI iksfn lihr dy afgUaF ivcoN sI. ijhVI lihr ny klonI (klonfeIjysLn) aYkt dy ivruwD jLordfr sMGrsL kIqf sI. ieh aYkt abfdkfr iksfnF dy ivruwD byhUdf iksm dIaF pfbMdIaF lfAuNdf sI. iesy lihr aDIn iksfnF ny aMgryjLF dy iKlfP bgfvq kIqI sI. pgVI sMBfl jwtf[[[[[[[ dI lihr ny sfry dysL c qrQwlI mcf idwqI sI. ijs dy kfrn sR: ajIq isMG nUM hor afgUaF dy nfl jlfvqn krky mFzly Byj idwqf igaf sI. Bgq isMG afpxy cfcy dI afpf vfrU kurbfnI qoN bhuq pRBfivq hoieaf sI aqy Auhdy vfsqy zUMGy idloN snyh rwKdf sI. Auh bcpn qoN hI bfgI suBfa kbULl kr igaf sI. iesy lgn nUM Ausny afpxI CotI jhI ijLMdgI  dy vwzy kfrnfimaF ivc bdilaf qy afpxy duafly dy lokF dI susq ijLMdgI c cmk qy ilsLk pYdf kr idwqI sI. Ausny afpxy pirvfrk ivrsy ivcoN dysL BgqI df jfm pIqf. ies krky hI Bgq isMG ny afpxy ipqf dy ivcfrF nUM gRihx krn bfry iliKaf sI AunHF dIaF isiKafvF krky hI mYN afpxI ijLMdgI afjfdI dy afdrsL nUMU arpx kIqI

          

Bgq isMG qy Ausdy sfQIaF nUM aMgryj sfmrfjI qy AunHF dy jotIdfr qrHF qrHF dy ivsLysLxF nfl bdnfm krn df jqn krdy sn. ijvyN ik ieh gwl msLhUr hY ik aMgryj Bgq isMG bfry hI nhIN AusqoN pihlF vfly dysL BgqF bfry vI ieMj hI kihMdy sn. iewQy Xfd krnf cfhIdf hY ik sLhId krqfr isMG srfBf jIhdy bfry Bgq isMG aksr kihMdf huMdf sI ik Auh ienklfb vfsqy jIivaf aqy iesy vfsqy miraf. pr aMgryjL jwj ny krqfr isMG srfBf dy kys dOrfn Auhdy bfry itwpxI kridaF Auhdy vfsqy pUrI qrHF byikrk bdmfsL dy sLbd vrqy sn. dysL BgqF nUM bdnfm krn df gorI srkfr df ieh vI iek qrIkf sI. iesy qrjL qy Bgq isMG  nUM dihsLq psMd afiKaf jFdf sI. ijs df KUn-Krfby ivc hI XkIn hovy. Bgq isMG ny ies ieljLfm df jvfb idMidaF ikhf ieh gwl pRiswD hY ik mYN dihsLqpsMd irhF, pr mYN dihsLqpsMd nhIN hF. mYN iek ienklfbI hF ijs dy kuwJ inscq ivcfr qy afdrsL hn aqy ijs dy sfhmxy lMbf pRogrfm hY [[[[[[[[[[[[[ myrf pwkf ivsLvfs hY ik asIN bMbF qy psqOlF nfl lfB pRfpq nhIN krFgy. ieh gwl ihMdusqfn rIpbilk afrmI dy ieiqhfs qoN spsLt hY. inrf bMb suwtxf nf isrP by Pfiedf hY sgoN keI vfr nuksfndyh vI hY. iesdI jLrUrq iksy Kfs hflq ivwc pY skdI hY qy sfzf muwK mksd mjdUrF qy iksfnF nUM jQybMd krnf hoxf cfhIdf hY[[[[[[[.

          

Bgq isMG qy Ausdy sfQIaF ny kdy vI gYrjLrUrI sfDn nhIN vrqy . AunHF ny jrUr hI kfrl mfrks dy ivcfrF nUM afpxf agvfnUM mMinaF hovygf, mfrks ny iliKaf sI ijs AudysL vfsqy axAuicwq sfDnF dI loV hY Auh Auicwq AudysL nhIN.

          

Bgq isMG qy Ausdy sfQI ijLMdgI nUM ipafr krn vfly sn. Auh qF dysLvfsIaF nUM glvwkVI pf ky hwsdf Kyzdf dyKxf cfhuMdy sn. pr sfmrfjI sLYqfn Bfrq dy lokF dy hfwsy, KyVy qy KusLIaF smuMdroN pfr lY jFdf sI. aMgryjL Bfrq dy lokF dI iksy gwl nUM suxn qoN ienkfrI sn. jdoN ies dYNqsLfhI ny kuwJ hor dbfAU kdmF nUM awgy vDfAux leI pbilk syPtI ibwl aqy AudXoigk ivvfd ibwl (tryz izsipAUts ibwl) asMblI ivcww ilafAux df jqn afrMiBaf qF 8 aprYl 1929 ivc Bgq isMG aqy buktysLvr dwq ny pihlF hI bxfey pRogrfm anusfr sYNtrl asMblI ivc  bMb suwitaf. AunHF ny ikhf boy nUM suxfAux vfsqy AuWcI avfjL dI loV pYNdI hY. bMb suwtdy smyN vI ijwQy AunHF ny ienklfb ijLMdfbfd,  sfmrfj- murdfbfd dy nfary lfey nfl hI AuWQy suwty gey pYNPiltF ivc ikhf asIN mnuwKI ijLMdgI nUM bhuq pivwqr smJdy hF. asIN aijhy suinhrI BivwK df supnf vyKdy hF ijs ivc mnuwK pUry qOr qy amn aqy asloN ajfdI mfx irhf hovgf[[[[[

          

Bgq isMG amn df afsLk sI Auh qy Ausdy sfQI jfxdy sn ik amn qoN ibnF ijLMdgI df ivkfs bhuq aOKf hY. jMg bhuq hI qbfhkuMn huMdI hY.

          

Bgq isMG ny dUsrI sMsfr jMg qoN bhuq pihlF afpxy dosq lflf rfm srn dfs dI ikqfb zrImlYNz (supndysL) dI Buimkf ivwc  iliKaf sI kimAUist smfj ivc sMsQfeI rUp vflI jMg dI QF ivsLvkosL dy kuwJ pMinaF ivc hI rih jfvygI aqy AudoN jMgI smfn ajfiebGrF dI sLfn hovygf ikAuNik Aus smfj ivc ivroDI jF tkrfvyN ihwq hoxgy hI nhIN ijhVy ik jMg dI buinafd huMdy hn.

          

hux sfnUM vrqmfn avsQf vwl Bgq isMG qy Auhdy sfQIaF dy ivcfrF vwl Jfq mfr lYxI cfhIdI hY. keI vfr Drm nUM ivkfs qy dlIl dy rfh ivc roVf bxf ky KVHf kr idwqf jFdf hY. ies sbMDI Bgq isMG ny afpxy ivcfr bhuq hI spsLt rUp ivc mYN nfsiqk ikAuN hF? nF dy Coty jhy pYNPilt ivc ilKy hn. bVI dyr pihlF dunIaF dy mhfn icMqk kfrl mfrks ny vI iliKaf sI. Drm pIVq jIv df hEkf hY, byidl dunIaf df idl hY ijvyN ik ieh byjfn hflq dI jfn vI huMdf hY[[[[[[[[[[ qy awgy ikhf Dfrmk PlsPf mnuwKI kmjLorI jF sImq igafn df iswtf hY  Drm aqy Drm dy aml bfry Bgq isMG ny iliKaf sI ik hux qwk sfry DrmF ny mnuwKF nUM iewk-dUjy koloN judf kIqf qy lVfieaf hY. dunIaF ivc ijMnf KUn-Krfbf Drm dy TykydfrF ny kIqf hY sLfied hI hor iksy ny kIqf hovy. swcfeI qF ieh hY ik DrqI dy svrg nUM Drm dI Et lY ky AujfiVaf igaf hY. ijhVf Drm mnuwK qoN mnuwK nUM judf kry , muhwbq dI QF nPrq vDfvy, aMD ivsLvfs df hOslf vDf ky bOiDk ivkfs ivc rukfvt bxy, idmfgF nUM KuMZHf kr dyvy, Auh myrf Drm kdIN vI nhIN ho skdf. hr Auh kdm jo mnuwKqf nUM suKdfeI bxf sky, brfbrI, BfeIcfry  dy rfh qy iek pulFG hor  puwt sky,  myrf Drm hY. myry leI ieh DrqI myrf Bfrq myry leI svrg hY [[[[[[[[[ myry svrg nUM nrk bxfAux vflI hr qfkq df sPfieaf krky  mnuwK nUM jmfq rihq smfj vwl vDfAux vflf hr kdm myrf Drm hY. Bgq isMG ny nfsiqkqf dy svfl nUM dlIl nfl pysL kIqf mYN nfsiqk ikAuN hF? vfly pYNPilt df afpxf ipCokV hY ies nUM ilKx leI iksy jyl sfQI ny hI Auksfieaf sI. jdoN gdr pfrtI vloN jyl BugqidaF AunHF Bgq isMG nUM ies krky imlx qoN nFh kr idwqI sI ik Ausny kys kwty hoey hn pr bfad ivc ieh mulfkfq ho geI ies mulfkfq qoN bfad Bgq isMG ny mYN nfsiqk ikAuN hF nF df pYNPilt iliKaf sI. ies qrF dy ivcfr vwl vDx vfsqy AuhnUM bfkUinn dI ikqfb gOz aYNz styt (rwb qy irafsq) aqy inrlMB svfmI dI pusqk d kOmn sYNs (sfDfrn igafn) ny vI pRBfivq kIqf.

          

Bgq isMG qy Auhdy sfQIaF ny afpxy lokF Kfqr bygrjI nfl sOVIaF socF qoN AuWpr AuWT ky jmfqF aqy pfiVaf vfly luwt-Ksuwt qy aDfrq rfj nUM Kqm krky jmfq rihq smfjvfdI smfj dI sQfpnf df supnf ilaf sI. Bgq isMG dI sLhfdq nUM cyqy kridaF ieh vI cyqy rwKxf pvygf ik AunHF nOjvfnF nUM sunyhf idMidaF ikhf sI nOjvfnF ny ienklfb df sunyhf kfrKfinaF ivc kMm krdy lwKF mjdUrF kol JuwgIaF qy pyNzU JONpVIaF ivc aQvf dysL dy kony kony ivc phuMcfAuxf hY. ieh ienklfb ajfdI ilafvygf. mnuwK hwQoN mnuwK dI luwt-Ksuwt  asMBv bxf dyvygf.

          

sLhIdy afjLm qy Ausdy sfQIaF ny gorf sLfhI vloN ihMd dI axK nUM pfeI BfjI kbUl kIqI sI. qd hI qF AunHF ny sFzrs nUM Auhdy Gurny qy jf ky mfiraf sI. BfvyN ik puafVy dI aslI jVH puils aPsr skft sI, pr aMdroN bfhr sFzrs afieaf qy mfiraf igaf.

          

jdoN Bgq isMG qy Auhdy sfQIaF nUM mOq dIaF sjfvF hoeIaF qF mulk aMdr iPkr qy icMqf dI lihr dOV geI. ieh ienklfbI afpxy kMmF krky lokF dy idlF ivc Gr kr gey sn. Auh kFgrs qy AusdI smJOqfvfdI nIqI dy ivroDI sn . ieh vI iek ieiqhfsk scfeI hY ik mhfqmF gFDI ienklfbIaF df ivroDI sI. ies krky hI Ausny ienHF ienklfbIaF dIaF jfnF bcfAux df koeI hIlf nf kIqf. sohx isMG josL ny afpxI pusqk Bgq isMG nfl myrIaF mulfkfqF ivc iliKaf hY ik ieh afs sI ik mhfqmF gFDI AunHF dIaF mOq dIaF sjfvF nUM GtfAux bfry iervn nfl gwl-bfq krngy, pr gFDI-iervn gwlbfq ivc mhfqmF gFDI ny ienHF dIaF jfnF bcfAux leI iewk lPLjL qwk vI mUMhoN nf kwiZaf iesy qrHF dy ivcfr Bgq isMG ny afpxy ipqf nfl gwlbfq kridaF ikhf ik gFDI df aihMsk ZMg ajfdI pRfpqI leI kfrj nf krn df iek bhfnf mfqr hY, ieh kfierqf nUM lukfAux df iek mKOtf hY. ieh sI sLhIdf pRqI kFgrs dy muKI lIzrF df vqIrf.

          

hr sfl vFg hI asIN Pyr Bgq isMG nUM Xfd kr rhy hF. AuhdI qy Auhdy sfQIaF dI sLhfdq nUM awT dhfikaF qoN vwD sfl bIq gey hn pr socx-ivcfrn dI gwl hY ik asIN afpxy sLhIdF dy supinaF nUM lY ky ikwQy ku phuMcy hF. kI asIN pOxI sdI qoN vI vwD sflF dI vft ivc Auh rfh, Auh smfijk afriQk pRbMD kfiem kr sky ijs Kfqr sfzy sUrbIrF ny afpxIaF jfnF vfrIaF sn. dunIaF aYtm dy Zyr qy bYTI hY. ijLMdgI dfa qy lwgI peI aY. sfmrfjI lutyry afpxy hwQToky pYdf krky afpxI qUqI bulvfeI cfhuMdy hn. awj ivsLvIkrn dy nF hyT nv-bsqIvfd AunHF dI nIqI df asl hY. kOmFqrI srmfieaf iekWTf ho ky grIb, axivksq aqy ivkfssLIl dysLF dI hr pwKoN luwt kr rhy hn. ieh vrqfrf lgfqfr awgy vwDdf jf irhf hY. grIb qy sfDnhIx mnuwK ies ivc npIiVaf jf irhf hY. mnuwK dI hoNd qy hoxI vfsqy Kqry pYdf kIqy jf rhy hn. mnuwKqf vMzI jf rhI hY.

          

Bfrq awj vI aijhI siQqI ivcoN lMG irhf hY ijwQy Dfrimk nv-surjIqI dIaF lihrF imhnqI lokF nUM iekmuwT hox ivc roVF atkf idMdIaF hn. bhuq sfrIaF sLhIdIaF nfl imlI ajfdI dIaF brkqF vwizaF dy ihwsy hI afeIaF hn. Bgq isMG qy Ausdy sfQIaF ny TIk hI ikhf sI ik lfrz hfrizMg jF iervn dI QF qyj bhfdr jF pRsLoqm dfs dy hwQ rfj af jfx nfl koeI Prk nhIN pvygf. bhuq lMbf smF bIq jfx qoN bfad ieh BivwKbfxI hor vI iGnfAuxI sLkl Dfrn kr geI hY. ienHF dysI qyj bhfdrF dy lfxy ny mulk dy lokF nUM nUV ky mulk dy srmfeydfrF mUhry suwt idwqf hY. ies pRbMD ny srmfeydfrF vloN imhnqksLF nUM hlfl krn jF JtkfAux dy kfnUmnI hwk idwqy hoey hn.

 

mjLdUrF, ikrqI kfimaF dIaF jQybMdk lihrF ny jdoN vI kIqIaf jFdIaF byiensfPIaF df ivroD kIqf qF srkfrI qMqr ny golI, lfTI dI jbrI vrqoN kIqI aqy hr iGnfAuxf hIlf vriqaf. lokF nUM idwqy sMivDfnk hwkF dy cIQVy Auzfey gey. dysI qyj bhfdrF dy lfxy vloN sMiVDfn nUM hmysLF hI itwc jfixaf igaf. hfkm jmfq vloN grIbF dy ZfiraF nUM Zfhux qy amIrF dy mihlF nUM ilsLkfAux df hI sdf kMm kIqf igaf. ajfdI qoN bfad luwt vfly kfiem hoey Zfcy qy swt nf vwjI. lok ajfd huMidaF vI Bgq isMG qy hor ienklfbIaF dI soc vflI ajfdI df pUrf inwG nf mfx sky, lok suwK df sfh nf lY sky. rfj krn vfilaF dI cmVI hI bdlI mfniskqf Auho hI rhI, ijs qoN Bgq isMG qy Ausdy sfQIaF ny pihlF hI qfVnf kIqI sI.

         

 ieh dysI srkfr hI hY ijsny mulk dy aslI inrmfqfvF nUM BuwK, kMgflI aqy iBafnkqf nfl ijLMdgI bsr krn leI mjbUr kIqf. ajfdI Kfqr afpf vfrn vfly, jylF, kflkoTVIaF qy jlfvqnIaF dy qsIhy  Jwlx vfly vyKdy hI rih gey ik ikMny hI mulk nfl gwdfrIaF krn vfly, aMgryjLF dy bUt cwtx vfly, dysL BgqF nUM Pfhy luafAux vfly, ajfdI qoN POrn bfad dysL BgqI dy qurly Cwzky rfj gwdIaF qy ibrfjmfn ho gey. awj dy hfkmF vwl ingfh mfrnI cfhIdI hY ik ikMinaF ku df vfh ipaf sI ajfdI dI lihr nfl? ikMinaF dy bfp-dfdy lflc vws dysL BgqF dy vYrI sn. ienHF dI lflcI ibrqI nf bdlI ijs nfl Gftf mulk nUM ipaf. ajfdI Kfqr lVn vfilaF nUM bhuq sLhIdIaF dyxIaF peIaF.

          

ijhVy vI sUrbIr lok ajfdI dy Gol ivc sLfml hoey hr iksy ny hI isr qlI qy Drky mYdfny pYr Diraf, iek imsfl hY dysL Bgq rfm pRsfd ibsiml dI  jdoN AuhnUM PFsI dy qKqy vwl lY ky gey qF Ausny bMdy mfqrm aqy Bfrq mfqf dI jY dy nfary lfey aqy PFsI dy qKqy qy KVH ky afp ny ikhf :

 

I wish the down fall of the British Empire

 

mYN ibRitsL sfmrfj dy qbfh hox dI KfhsL krdf hF.

Pyr iek sLyar piVHaf :

 

ab nf agly vlvly hY

       aOr nf armfnoN kI BIV

eyk imt jfny kI hsrq

        ab idly ibsiml myN hY.

 

Bgq isMG ivcfrvfn mnuwK sI afpxy ividafrQI jIvn ivc Auhny pMjfb dI BfsLf aqy ilwpI sbMDI msly bfry mjmUn ilKidaF iliKaf sI iksy smfj qy dysL nUM pihcfnx dy leI Aus smfj jF dysL dy sfihq nfl jfx pCfx hox dI sB qoN vwD jLrUrq huMdI hY ikAuNik smfj dy pRfxF dI cyqnf Aus smfj dy sfihq ivc hI jLfihr hoieaf krdI hY. ikqfbF pVHn df AusnUM bhuq sLOk sI.  Bgq isMG ny afpxy jyl jIvn smyN Bfrq ivwc ienklfbI lihr df ieiqhfs, smfjvfd df afdrsL , afqm kQf qy mOq dy bUhy qy cfr pusqkF vI ilKIaF. ies qoN ibnF jyl ivc ilKI zfierI vI hY. Bgq isMG dI ieh jyl zfierI ieMtrnYt qy aMgryjLI qy pMjfbI ivc pVHI jf skdI hY.

           

dysL BgqI dy rMg ivc rMgy bhfdr lok sdf hI idl ivc jfnF vfrn dI qFG rwKdy sn. iesdf iek sbUq hY ik jyl ivc afKrI vfr jdoN bI[ ky[ dwq Bgq isMG nUM imilaf qF kihx lwgf awj myry leI mMdBfgf idn hY jd ik Bfrq mfqf dIaF jMjLIrF qoVn arQfq afpxy dysL nUM ajfd krvfAux dy jurm ivwc  Bgq isMG nUM qF PFsI df hukm iml igaf, pr mYnUM Aumr kYd hI kIqI geI ieh jjLbf dysL BgqI nfl rMgy hoey idlF ivc hI ho skdf hY. afpxI jfn nfloN vwD afpxy dysL aqy afpxy lokF nfl ipafr krn vfilaF dy drd Bry idl ivwc hI pYdf ho skdf hY.

bI[ ky[ dwq dI ieh gwl sux ky Bgq isMG dIaF awKF ivc awQrU af gey qy Auh boilaf,  mYnUM ies gwl df AuWkf hI zr nhIN ik hux mYN jIAUNdf nhIN rhFgf, pr mYnUM mfx pRpq hY ik mYN vI Aus dysL dI Kfqr PFsI qy ltkFgf ijs dysL (ihMdusqfn) dI Kfqr 1907 ivc KudI rfm bos, 1914-15 ivc gdr pfrtI dy hIro krqfr isMG srfBf qy AunHF dy hor sfQI, 1926 ivc bbr akflI vIr aqy 1929 ivc kfkorI kys dy sLhId rfm pRsfd ibsiml, Tfkr rOsLn isMG, asLPfk AuWlf qy rfijMdr lihrI ijhy PFsI dy qKqy qy JUl gey [[[[

           

ieh sfrI ivwiQaf pVHn leI kfmryz arjn isMG gVgwj dI pusqk myrI smuwcI rcnf pVHnI pvygI. jo Aus smyN jyl ivc sn aqy Bgq isMG dy swdy qy AusnUM jf ky imly.

          

23 mfrc 1931 nUM Bgq isMG, rfjgurU qy suKdyv nUM PFsI lf idwqI geI. ienklfb ijLMdfbfd df amr pYgfm Czdy hoey afpxIaF juafnIaF lokF dy lyKy lf gey . AudoN aMgryjL sLfhI dy iKlfP lokF dy mnF ivc guwsf qy nPrq afpxI isKr vwl viDaf sI. lokF dy jjLbfq BVk pey sn. ienHF jjLbfqF dI qrjLmfnI dyKx leI Aus ibafn qy gOr krnf cfhIdf hY jo myrT sfijsL dy kYdIaF vloN kfmryz sohx isMG josL ny 24 mfrc 1931 nUM idwqf sI :

         

myrT sfijsL dy kYdIaF ny ieh ihrdyvydk Kbr pVHI, (sohx isMG josL dI ikqfb Bgq isMG nfl myrIaF mulfkfqF ivc ieh drj hY) mYN AunHF sBnF vwloN 24 mfrc 1931 nUM adflq ivwc KVHf hoieaf aqy AunHF nUM PFsI lfey jfx dI inKyDI kIqI. BfvyN jwj mYnUM DmkIaF idMdf irhf ik myry ivruwD kfrvfeI kIqI jfvygI mYN AuWQy ieh ibafn idwqf :                                                                                                                                                                                         

 

asIN awj vihsLIafnf PFsI dy sogI pRCfvyN hyT adflq ivc hfjLr hoey hF sfQI Bgq isMG, sfQI rfjgurU aqy sfQI suKdyv nUM PFsI asl ivc byrihmI nfl kIqf igaf kql hY. ieh sfmrfjvfdI iensfP df iek aiqaMq vihsLIafnf nmUnf hY. ieh icwtI dihsLq dI iek bujLidlfnf kfrvfeI hY jIhdy ivruwD bgfvq krn df ienHF ny jyrf qy hOslf ivKfieaf.

asIN AunHF df Bfrq dy kOmI ienklfb dy kfjL dy sLhIdF vjoN siqkfr krdy hF

asIN AunHF dI bhfdrI qy kurbfnI dI sLlfGf krdy hF.

 

Auprokq sLrDFjlI sLhIdF aqy AunHF dy isrV nUM pRxfm sI. awj loV hY sLhIdF dy ivcfrF nUM Gr Gr phuMcfieaf jfvy. kuwJ ivky hoey ieKlfk ivhUxy isafsI lIzr cODr dI Bf c sfzy sLhIdF vloN isrjy lokF dy eyky nUM qoVnf cfhuMdy hn. Auh Bgq isMG , rfjgurU qy suKdyv dI sFJ qoVn dy jqn krdy hn. hwk mMgdy lokF qy golIaF dfg ky sLhIdF df inwq idn apmfn krdy hn. awj ivcfrDfrk qy jnqk GolF dI loV hY. sFJ qoVn dIaF sfijsLF krn vfly gwdfrF nUM nMigaF krnf, AunHF dy JUT nUM vMgfrnf, sdf hI swc qy pihrf dyxf Bgq isMG aqy hor dysL BgqF dy vfrsF df kMm hY. iehdy vfsqy afpxf kfrj Kyqr mwl ky ztxf, aqy afpxy lokF nUM jfgRiq krnf lokF nUM jQybMd krky sMGrsLF rfhI smfjvfdI smfj vwl vDxf sfzf insLfnf hY. sLhId-ie-afjLm Bgq isMG dy vfrs mnuwKvfd dy JMzy nUM awgy qoN awgy vDfAuNdy hoey bdI nUM hfr dyxgy. jdoN sLhIdF dy supny sfkfr hoey , ikrq aqy ikrqI dI srdfrI hoeI- Pyr sB pfVy qy vMzIaF muwk jfxgIaF. nyirHaF nUM hfr dyxI pvygI Pyr hr pfsy cfnx hovygf. ies cfnx dI pRfpqI qwk lVnf hI sLhIdF nUM swcI sLrDFjlI hovygI. qF hI asIN kihx dy Xog hovFgy, --  ienklfb-ijLMdfbfd.

 


dIvflI df sunyhf - mwiQaF nUM cfnxF krIey-kyhr sLrIPL

 

dIvflI BfrqI swiBafcfr ivwc sdIaF qoN mnfey jFdy iqAuhfrF df ainwKVvF aMg cilaf af irhf hY. ieh afid kfl qoN mOsm bdlI df iqAuhfr huMdf sI, jF Pyr iek nvIN Psl dy afAux qy dUjI Psl dIaF sLurUafqI iqafrIaF dy mOky lok iekwTy ho ky KusLIaF mnfAuNdy sn.  ipwCoN BfvyN ies nfl hor GtnfvF juVn krky asIN afid kfl  dy kfrj nUM ipwCy pf idwqf. pr hux qF ies dy mnfAux dy do hI kfrn ibafny jFdy hn iek qF ieiqhfs vjoN pysL kIqI jFdI imiQhfsk Gtnf  aXuwiDaf dy rfjy dsLrQ dy puwqr rfm nfl joVI jFdI hY dUsrI Gtnf iswKF dy CyvyN gurU sRI gurU hrgoibMd jI dI gvflIar dy ikly ivwcoN 52 rfijaF smyq irhfeI. ieh GtnfvF hI smF bIqx nfl lokF awgy vfr vfr duhrfeIaF jf rhIaF hn. bdI qy nykI dI ijwq dIaf duhfeIaf pfeIaF jFdIaF hn, pr bdI qF inwq idhfVy pihlF nfloN vI vDI jf rhI hY. qkVy lok afpxy vrgy hor mnuwKF nfl inwq idhfVy vDIkIaF krdy hn. rfj Bfg dy mflk qy AunHF vloN clfeI jFdI inaF ivvsQf qkVy df hI pwK pUrdI hY. mfVf qF ijvyN iensfn hI nf hovy.

 

hux dy smyN dIvflI df asl mksd qF guafc cuwkf hY ivAupfrk mhwqv vD igaf hY. lwCmI hux vwizaF dy Gry hI vVdI hY, TwgF, corf, irsLvqKorF, iBRsLtfcfrF df hI jIvn suafrdI hY. kfly DMn dy mflk vwzy srmfeydfr, AudXogpqI, isafsqdfnF aqy aPsrsLfhF  dI juMzlI afps ivwc krMgVI pf ky hr imhnqksL df jIAUx aOKf kr rhI hY. ieho kflKF dy vxjfry AusLtMzI lok awj dy smyN afpxy afp nUM Aujly krky pysL krdy hn. pqf nhIN aijhI siQqI huMidaF ieh idn Pyr vI ikAuN sMsfr ivwc ijwQy vI BfrqI BfeIcfrf vsdf hY ies nUM bhuq hI AuhsLfh nfl mnfAuNdf hY. pr ikMny ku lok hn jo nykI vfly pfsy KVHdy hn. ikMny ku lok hn jo bdI nUM hrfAux vfly srgrm kfPilaF nfl juVdy hn? kI ieh awj smyN dI mMg qy loV nhIN?

 

GrF dy aMdr qy GrF dy bnyiraF qy rosLnIaF krn vfsqy sfzy lokF dy hnyry mn bVy Auqfvly ho jFdy hn. pihilaF ivwc dIvflI dy mOky isrP dIvy hI jgfey jFdy sn pr ipCly kfPI sflF qoN afiqsLbfjI qy ptfkfbfjI df vI ies mOky vpfr kroVF qwk df hY. kroVF PUk ky vfqfvrx nUM plIq kIqf jFdf hY. ieh kfhdI KusLI ijs nfl lokF df sfh lYxf vI aOKf kr idwqf jfvy? kI iksy iksm dI KusLI nUM mnfAux vfsqy pRdUsLx pYdf krnf jrUrI hY? ies bfry lok ikAuN nhIN socdy ik ptfkybfjI dI TUh-Tfh df ies iqAuhfr nfl kI sbMD hY. bhuq sfry ishq pwKoN kmjLor lok ies avfj pRdUsLx nfl asihj ho jFdy hn. Pyr ies nfl hvf ivwc PYlI gMD nfl sfh lYxf hI bhuq aOKf huMdf hY. Aus bfrUdI mfdy dy afsry cmVI dy aqy hor keI srIrk rog vI lokF nUM cMbVdy hn. rIs dI GVIs krky bhuq sfry ibnF socy hI ies rfhy qurI jf rhy hn. ies nUM bMd krn bfry Pyr ikAuN nhIN socdy?

 

iewQy ieh vI gwl Xfd rhy iekwly dIvflI dy mOky hI nhIN hor Dfrimk mOikaF qy Kfs krky gurUaF dy gurpurb mnfAuNidaF pvx gurU pfxI ipqf mfqf Drq mhwq dy mhwqv nUM BulfAuNdy hoey  ies ptfjkybfjI nfl vfqfvrx nUM gMDlf kIqf jFdf hY. hux svfl pYdf huMdf hY ik KusLI mnfAux df ieh ikhVf qrIkf hY ijs nfl asIN afpxI byaklI df mujLfhrf krdy hF. ieh vI nhIN Buwlxf cfhIdf ik aimRqsr hirmMdr sfihb dy duafly lwgy sony dy pwqry GsmYly hoey pey hn, iesdf kfrn ies sLihr ivwc snaqI iekfeIaF vloN Cwizaf jFdf DUaF vI hY aqy mOky mOky sLihr dy bhuq ihwisaF ivwc huMdI afiqsLbfjI df vI afpxf ihwsf hY. ies bfry socxf bxdf hY. ies soc nUM bdly ibnF asIN vfqfvrx dI sLuwDI nhIN kr skdy. lokF dI mfniskqf / soc aqy soc Dfrf nUM bdlxf smyN dI vwzI loV hY.

 

GrF dy bnyiraF qy jgfey jFdy dIivaF nfl GrF dy aMdrly kmiraF ivwc cfnx nhIN hoxf ies vfsqy aMdr df vI socxf pvygf. ies ibnF dIvflI aDUrI hI nhIN byarQI ho ky rih jfvygI. iesy qrHF aijhy idhfVy iek dUjy vDfeIaF hI kfPI nhIN huMdIaF. loV hY sfrI dunIaF ivwc dIvy jgfeIey amn, BfeIcfrk Brwpx dy , igafn dy,  sUJ dy, afpsI muhwbqF dy. ies qoN ibnF jwg cfnx nhIN hoxf, qy jwg nUM cfnx kIqy ibnF srnf nhIN.

 

ies iqAuhfr mOky iek dUjy pRqI moh dwsidaF kfPI lok qohPy vI idMdy hn, ieh afm krky bMnHoigrI df ivhfr hI huMdf hY. koisLsL krnI cfhIdI hY qohPy  ivwc iksy nUM hfsy df qohPf idwqf jfvy, bImfr nUM AuhdI qMdrusqI dI kfmnf krdy bolF dI tkor kIqI jfvy. afpxy imwqrF dosqF qy bwicaF nUM jLihr rIaF miTafeIaF dI QF igafn df qohPf idwqf jfvy Bfv ik AunHF nUM ikqfbF dy qohPy idwqy jfx ijnHf nfl hr mnuwK afpxI ijLMdgI nUM sPl bnfAux leI ienHF qoN agvfeI lY skdf hY. ienHF nfl pRdUsLx vI nhIN PYldf sgoN ikqfbF afpxy pfTkF df mn AuWjl krdIaF hn. jwg nUM cfnxf krn dy supny lYx vfilaF nUM awj dy idhfVy dI purjLor apIl hY ik, afAu ! afpF sfry rl ky bodIaF rsmF nUM iqafgidaF dIvflI nMU nvIN qrHF mnfAux df jqn krIey.

 

awj dy idhfVy qyl vfly dIivaF dy nfl hI mn df hnyrf dUr krn vfsqy igafn, sUJ, nykI aqy swc dy swcfeI Bry dIvy bflIey

 


 BfeI mMnF isaF, asIN qYnUM Xfd krdy hF         

 ienklfb df suwcf gIq Bfa jI gursLrn isMG

- kyhr sLrIPL

 

dunIaF AuWqy bhuq sfry lok afAuNdy hn ijMdgI pUrI hox qoN bfad qur jFdy hn. dosq imwqr smyN bfad Buwl-Bulf jFdy hn. pr kuwJ lok aijhy huMdy hn jo afpxI sUJ, isafxp aqy lokF leI jIAUx dI lgn krky lokF vfsqy kIqy  afpxy kfrjF nfl smyN dI ihwk AuWqy afpxf nfm ilK jFdy hn, Auh virHaF qwk nhIN, sdIaF qwk jIAUNdy hn, Auh kdy vI nhIN mrdy. ieh Auh lok huMdy hn jo afpxI soc, sUJ qy isDFqk pikafeI krky swcfeI, iemfndfrI aqy kurbfnI Biraf hwT pfldy hn, swc vwl pUry mn nfl KVyH ho ky mnuwK hox df PLrjL pfldy hn. dunIaF dy hr BfeI lflo dI bFh PVHn df jqn krdy hn. mjLlUm vwl KVHy ho ky hr jLulm qy jLflm dohF nUM llkfrdy hn. afpxy lokF nUM jQybMd hox df swdf idMdy hn, qF jo afpxI suwcI ikrq dI luwt rokI jf sky aqy ijLMdgI nUM jIAUxjog qy mfnxXog bxfieaf jf sky. hoxgy hor vI pr  ivrly tFvy hI huMdy hn jo gursLrn isMG vFg lok nfiek bxdy hn.

 

pMjfbI rMg mMc dy Kyqr ivwc bhuq nF hn ijnHF dI ies Kyqr ivwc lfsfnI dyx hY, awj  klf dy Kyqr dy ijs sUrmy klfkfr  df ijLkr kIqf jf irhf hY Auh hY Bfa jI gursLrn isMG. ijnHF afpxI klf rfhIN afpxy lokF dy duwK drd jLmfny awgy pysL kIqy. afpxy nftkF rfhIN lok doKI aqy axmnuwKI isafsI, smfjI pRbMD dI BrpUr aflocnf kIqI. BfeI mMnf isMG dy ikrdfr rfhIN lokF dIaF smwisafvF aqy lotU rfj pRbMD dI eynI isLwdq nfl gwl kIqI aqy smfijk brfbrI vfly pRbMD df hokf idwqf. ieh ikrdfr lok mnF ivwc ies kdr rc igaf ik AudoN qoN hI lok AunHF nUM gursLrn isMG AurP BfeI mMnf isMG dy nF qoN jfxdy hn. BfeI mMnf isMG jo sfzf lok nfiek hY, hwk-swc vfsqy lVn vflf. sfzI mMijLl dI insLfndhI krn vflf sfzf rfh idsyrf.

 

ienklfb vfsqy klf dy Kyqr ivwc avfjL nUM AuWcI krnf hI Ausdf krm sI, hFa pwKI qbdIlI leI lVnf Ausdf Drm sI. Auh iekwlf hI quiraf sI jfx lwgf afpxy Kyqr ivwc vwzy kfPly Cwz igaf hY. hwk-swc dI pRfpqI vflI lihr df, smfijk brfbrI vfly smfj dI sQfpqI df Gol bhuq lMbf hY, hux ieh gursLrn isMG dy vfrsF ny lVnf hY, AudoN qwk jdoN qwk Auh mMijLl qy nhIN phuMc jFdy.

 

BfKVf zYm qy kMm kridaF jdoN ieptf (ieMzIan pIpljL QIeytr) dI qrPoN AuWQy joigMdr bfhrlf vloN nftk kIqy gey qF gursLrn isMG Aus qoN bVy pRBfivq hoey. ieh smF sI ik gursLrn isMG horIN ies Kyqr ivwc kuwd pey qy muV kdy ipwCy nf dyiKaf, afpxI sfrI ijLMdgI lok pwKI nftk nUM smripq kr idwqI. ies lgn krky qy lok pwK dI gwl krn krky AunHF nUM afpxI vwzI nOkrI vI guafAuxI peI qy jyl dIaf dusLvfrIaF vI JwlxIaF peIaF. pr ieh lohy dy ijgry vflf mnuwK kdy nf hfiraf ijs krky hI lok nfiek hox df ruqbf pRfpq kr igaf. lok nfiek lok mfniskqf dI pRyrnf huMdy hn.

 

gursLrn isMG jo pMjfbI nftk df sLfhsvfr sI ny smfj dy duwKF nUM afpxy  nftkF rfhIN pysL kIqf. Dmk ngfry dI, cFdnI cOk qoN srhMd qwk, bfbf boldf hY, kMmIaF df ivhVf, buwq bol ipaf, bygmoN dI DI, kursI, toaf aqy drjxF hI hor nftkF nUM styj kIqf. nfl dI nfl AunHF lok pwKI nftk mMzlIaF nUM AqusLfihq kIqf jo afpxy lokF dy duwKF-drdF dI pIV nUM hrn df hokf idMdIaF. pMjfbI df awj df sB qoN mkbULl nftkkfr kyvl DflIvfl aYvY qF nhIN lok mnF ivwc eyzI vwzI jgHf bxf igaf, AuhnUM mfx rhygf ik Auh BfeI mMnf isMG df sfQI irhf qy hux vI hY. awj nftk dy  Kyqr ivwc kMm kr rhy kyvl DflIvfl, ajmyr aOlK, zfktr sfihb isMG, zfktr afqmjIq, divMdr dmn, pflI BuipMdr, sMjIvn, sLbdIsL aqy anIqf sLbdIsL ienHF sfiraF isr juMmyvfrI hY ik Auh ies lok pwK dI lihr nUM awgy lY ky jfx. ivsLvfs krnf cfhIdf hY ik Auh aijhf hI krngy.

 

nftk qF pMjfb ivwc gursLrn isMG qoN pihlF vI huMdf sI pr Aus smyN Auh nftk lok smUhF dy bhuq hI Coty ihwsy qwk phuMc irhf sI. gursLrn isMG ny nuwkV nftk dI sLurUafq krky ies nUM lokF dy ivsLfl smUhF qwk phuMcfieaf. Auh ipMzf ivwc, kfljF,  XUnIvristIaf aqy dysL dy dujy ihwisaF ivwc  aqy pRdys vsdy afpxy pMjfbIaF kol vI igaf qy kRFqI df sunyhf idwqf idwqf. Auh gwzy, ryVIHaF vflI styj qoN qur ky afDuink qknIk vflI styj qwk vI phuMicaf. Aus dy nftkF df afm ivsLf sI lok qy lokF dIaF dusLvfrIaF. hkUmqF kr rhy gMdI qy ivsfhGfq soc vfly mujrm ibrqI vfly isafsI nyqf. hr iksm dy jbr nUM llkfridaF ieh bfbf mMnf isMG  AuWcI afvfjL ivwc lokF nUM AunHF dI sLkqI df aihsfs krvfAuNdf. Auh afpxy ivrsy ivwcoN hF pwkIN GtnfvF pysL krdf lokF dy juwisaF nUM srgrmI vwl qordf. Auh hr iksm dI dihsLqgrdI nUM BMzdf ik ieh mnuwKqf ivroDI hY. Auh grjvIN afvfjL ivwc lokF nUM llkfrdf ik AuWTo qy quro kwlH df sUrj quhfzf hY.

 

gursLrn isMG sfihq dy mhwqv nUM jfxdy sn ies krky pls mMc vloN kwZy jFdy smqf dI sMpfdnF df kfrj vI AunHF ny hI kIqf. ikqfb AunHF vfsqy bhuq hI mhwqvpUrn sI ies krky hI blrfj sfhnI vloN imly afriQk sihXog nfl blrfj sfhnI XfdgfrI pRkfsLn rfhIN lok pwKI AusfrU sfihq df pRkfsLn sLurU kIqf.  ijwQy vI Auh nftk Kyzdy AWwQy afpxy pRkfsLn vloN CfpIaF ikqfbF vI lfgq muwl qy vycdy ies qrHF AunHF ny Gr Gr ikqfb phuMcfAux df kfrj kIqf. lokF ny ssqy muwl ikqfbF lY ky pVHIaF.

 

Bfa jI gursLrn isMG ikDry nhIN igaf. ieho jhy lok nfiek kdy vI mrdy nhIN huMdy. Auh sfzy supinaF ivwc vs igaf hY. ijgrf krky supinaF nUM swc huMdy dyKIey.

 

afAu! AusdI afvfjL nUM suxIeyN qy qurIey, hux vfrI sfzI hY. kwlH dy sUrj nUM PVHn vfsqy kuwJ qF krnf hI pvygf. afpxy afp nfl qurn df aihd krIey.

 


ilKxf ieMnF sOKf qF nhIN

kyhr sLrIP

 

 ilKxf bhuq hI aOKI sfDnf hY. iesnUM ijhVy lok afm jF khIey sfDfrn jhy smfijk vrqfiraF vrgf smJdy hn, Auh bhuq vwzI Buwl krdy hn. ilKx sfDnf lMbI qpwisaf vrgI hY. bhuq lMby aiBafs qoN bafd hI ilKx ikRaf ivc pRpwkqf afAuNdI hY. ieh ijLMdgI jIAUNidaF, inwq-idhfVI dy qjLrby ivcoN lMGidaF hI pRfpq kIqI jf skdI hY. igafn vDfAux vflIaF dvfeIaF jF tIky qF ikDirAuN imldy nhIN iehdy vfsqy imhnq krnI pYNdI hY. ijLMdgI df anuBv hMZfAuidaF nfl hI bhuq kuwJ pVHn dI loV pYNdI hY. ijs GVy ivc pfxI hovygf qd hI Aus ivcoN kuwJ kwiZaf jf skdf hY, KflI GVy nMU lwK vfr ivMgf, tyZHf krIey ivcoN kuwJ inkl hI nhIN skdf.

          ilKx vfsqy vwKo vwK ivDfvF hn. hr koeI afpxI sUJ-smJ, suBfa jF psMd dy anusfr hI ilKdf hY. pr iksy vI ilKq ivcoN aihsfs dI isLwdq mnPI nhIN kIqI jf skdI. iesdI jy ivigafnk aDfr qy ivafiKaf krnI hovy qF ieh ikhf jf skdf hY ik ijvyN koeI zfktrI dI pVHfeI krdf hY qF pVHfeI pUrI hox qy Auh  zfktr bx jFdf hY Pyr vfrI afAuNdI hY ik Auh ikhVy Kyqr df mfihr bxnf cfhuMdf hY. aglI pVHfeI Aus Kyqr dI muhfrq pYdf krn vfsqy kIqI jFdI hY. iesy qrHF hI hY sfihq dI sfDnf. pihlF sfihq dI smJ pYdf hovy Pyr Kyqr jF ivDf cuxI jfvy lyK, khfxI, nfvl, nftk, kivqf, gIq jF gLjLl afid kI ilKxf hY? Aus ivDf bfry jfixaF jfvy, Aus dI BfsLf qy Ausdy suBfa bfry. iewQy isrP ieh hI ikhf jf skdf hY ik afm bMdf ilKx df afgfjL kivqf qoN sLurU krdf hY. Pyr ieh vI Aus vfsqy jfxnf jLrUrI huMdf hY ik kivqf hY kI? sLbdF df joV jF kuwJ hor vI?

          gIq ilKx vfly afm krky sLbdF nUM sfDfrnqf dI pwDr qy ilaf ky Aus dI lYa nfl, irdm nfl mfVf ivhfr krdy hn. gIq ivcly ivcfr  dy arQF nUM anrQF ivc bdl idMdy hn, ieh nhIN hoxf cfhIdf. ikAuNik gIq df sMgIq nfl sbMD hY ies krky gIq ilKx vfilaF nUM sMgIqk sUJ-smJ qoN vfikP hoxf cfhIdf hY. awj dy gIqkfrF leI smfj dy hr pwK dI smJ/soJI hoxI cfhIdI hY. ikAuNik lwcr gfiekI ny sfzy smfj nUM bImfr soc dy lV lfAux df rfh PiVaf hoieaf hY, ies nUM qwjidaF ishqmMd kdrF-kImqF vflI gIqkfrI hoxI cfhIdI hY, jo lokF dy suhj-svfd dI pUrqI vI krdI hovy qy lokF nUM iksy cMgy ivcfr dy lV vI lfAuNdI hovy. gIq nfl KuwlHI kivqf vrgf ivhfr vI nhI krnf cfhIdf. ieh sfihq nfl Dwkf krn dy brfbr hI hY. rfhoN kurfhy pYx vflI gwl vI.

          kivqf ilKx dy iksy vI aiBafsI vfsqy kuwJ sqrF pysL kIqIaF jf rhIaF hn jo pMjfbI dy bhuq hI sUJvfn lyKk suKbIr dIaF ilKIaF hoeIaF hn. suKbIr ilKdf hY, KulHI kivqf ilKx leI pihlF CMd bwD kivqf dI smJ hoxI cfhIdI hY, vwK vwK CMdF ivc ilKx df BrvF aiBafs hoxf cfhIdf hY. ijhVf kvI CMd bwD kivqf nhIN ilK skdf, Aus leI KuwlHI kivqf ilKxI asMBv hY. ijs nUM vwK vwK lYaF ivc ilKxf nhIN afAuNdf Auh KwulHI kivqf ivc lYa ikvyN vrq skygf? lYa qoN ibnF KuwlHI kivqf inrI vfrqk hY. vfrqk dIaF sqrF vwzIaF CotIaF krky iek dUjy dy Qwly ilKx nfl KuwlHI kivqf nhIN bx jFdI[[[[[[[[[[[[[ lYa qoN Cuwt KuwlHI kivqf dI afpxI qknIk  hY ik ikwQy sqr CotI rwKxI hY ikwQy lMbI krnI hY, ikwQy AunHF qoN jfx buwJ ky bcxf hY. kivqf dy Coty Coty bMd ikAuN qy ikvyN bxfAuxy hn [[[[[[[ ijs kvI nUM KuwlHI kivqf dI qknIk df hI pqf nhIN, Auh Aus ivc klf ikvyN pYdf kr skygf, Aus nUM klf ikRq df rUp ikvyN dy skygf?

          ies qrHF dIaF bhuq sfrIaF gwlF kIqIaF jf skdIaF hn jo kivqf nUM hr pwKoN jfnx vfly krdy hn. ijvyN cfrljL hfrtmYn kihMdf hY ik KuwlHI kivqf df CMd ivDfn sMiKafvfdI (mfqrF/ awKrF dI igxqI) dy bjfey Aus dy qol pRbMD ivcoN AuBfiraf jFdf hY. hux svfl ieh pYdf huMdf hY ik isKFdrU lok kI krn ? jvfb bhuq hI iswDf qy sfdf hY ik ijs ivDf ivc ilKxf hY Aus bfry igafn pRfpq krn. Aus Kyqr dy isafixaF qoN slfh leI jfvy. huMdI aflocnf nUM iKVy mwQy svIkfrn aqy AusqoN iswKx df jqn krn. hoeIaF jF afpy kih ky krvfeIaF isPqF nfl hI lokF nUM mUrK bxfAux df kfrj nf krn. afpxI afpy jF imwqrF-dosqF nUM kih ky vizafeI krn, krvfAux vflf bMdf ijLhnI mrIjL huMdf hY. ijLhnI mrIjL bxnoN bicaf jfvy. iesdI QfvyHN igafn pRpqI dy rfhy ipaf jfvy. klfisk rcnfvF df aiDan aqy vrqmfn ivc rcy jf rhy sfihq nfl vfsqf rwiKaf jfvy.

          gwl bVI hI iswDI jhI hY ies nUM smJx vfsqy mnuwK sB qoN pihlF afpxy afp pRqI aqy kIqI jf rhI rcnf bfry jLuMmyvfrI vflf ivhfr apxfvy. gIq ilKx vfly nUM gIq dy muwKVy qy aMqry ivcly Prk df pqf hoyvy, iesy qrHF gjLl dy ilKfrI nUM gjLl dy ivDI-ivDfn ipMgl qy arUjL df igafn hovy afid. bfkI dIaF ivDfvF bfry vI ievyN hI ikhf jf skdf hY. ijhVf ieh nhIN jfxnF jF iswKxf cfhuMdf AuhnUM sfihq dI iksy vI ivDf nfl Dwkf nhIN krnf cfhIdf. hr ivDf dy ilKx leI BfsLf df pRXog vwKrf huMdf hY. sMboDnI ivhfr ivc vI Prk huMdf hY.

          keI lyKk inrpwK hox df bVf ZkONj krdy hn, dUijaF nUM imhxy vjoN afKxgy ik Plfxf , PlfxI ivcfrDfrf dy aDIn ho ky ilKdf hY. cyqy rwKx vflI gwl hY ik koeI vI aijhf nhIN ho skdf jo iksy ivcfrDfrf qoN bgYr ilKdf hovy. ilKx vfly dI ivcfrDfrf rcnf df aMg bxy, klfqimk AucfeIaF nUM Cuhx df jqn, aiBafs qy imhnq kry. pr bhuiqaF kol iesdf rfh nhIN, gur nhIN, klf nhIN. ies bfry CotI jhI imsfl hY ik asIN sfry hI rotI KFdy hF. afty nUM pfxI nfl guMinHaF jFdf hY, pr jdoN asIN afty qy pfxI nfl bxI rotI KFdy hF qF kdy vI iksy ny rotI ivwcoN pfxI coNdf nhIN dyiKaf hoxf. bs! ieh hI hY Auh nusKf ik ijvyN rotI ivwc pfxI njLr nhIN afAuNdf ieMj hI rcnf ivcly ivcfrF ivwc ivcfrDfrf hovy pr rcnf dy bfhr nf ltkdI hovy qF hI Auh klf BrpUr rcnf bx skdI hY. ies rfhy quridaF hI koeI klfisk rcnf rcx qwk df sPr qYa kr skdf hY.  nhIN qF klf dy nF qy bwkry bulfAux vflI gwl ho ky rih jfvygI. ijs rfhIN sfihq aMdr koJH qF pYdf kIqf jf skdf hY pr suhj pYdf nhIN kIqf jf skdf, jo sfihq df vI mIrI gux hY.

          hr pfsy hI asULl hn jdoN koeI kwpVy dI imxqI krdf hY qF gjL jF mItr dI vrqoN krdf hY,  pr jLmIn dI imxqI vfsqy jrIb dI vrqoN kIqI jFdI hY, aflU-gMZy qolx vfsqy iklogrfm vfly vwty vrqy jFdy hn. nf qF kwpVf imxn vfsqy vwty vrqy jf skdy hn  aqy nf hI aflU-gMiZaF df Bfr mItr nfl imixaf jf skdf hY. ijs nUM vI ies gwl dI smJ af geI Auh TIk lIh PV skdf hY. ieh asUl sfihq ivc vI cwldy hn. ienHF nUM smJx dI loV hY. cMgf hovy jy ies gwl nUM pwly bMnH ilaf jfvy ik ilKq nUM klfqimkqf qoN rihq qy rs ivhUxI nf kIqf jfvy Aus dy imafr df iKafl rwiKaf jfvy, Aus dy imafr ivc nvyN vfDy kIqy jfx.Cpx qoN pihlF rcnfvF ivcly sLbdjoV, vfk bxqr afid nUM soD ky ikDry vI Byijaf jfvy. iek, do jF cfr vfr soD ky glqIaF dUr kr leIaF jfx, ieh  iksy hor dI hI nhIN sgoN afpxI suDfeI df rfh hY. kuwJ nvF iswKx df vI.

          qyjI nfl hoey qknIkI ivkfs ny lokF awgy acMBy vrgf kuwJ pRgt kr idwqf hY, ijs dI ckfcOND nfl lok cuMiDafey gey hn. ies krky cuPyry cfnx qF njLr afieaf ies dy ipCokV vfly vrqfry dyKx vyly asIN awKF mIt leIaF. jy awKF KuwlHIaF rwK ky quiraf jfvy qF smuwcy vrqfry dI smJ pY skdI hY. qury jFdy vkq ivwcoN bhuq kuwJ kMm df PiVaf jf skdf hY.

          sUcnf qknIkI Xuwg ny ies nUM sMsfr nUM bhuq Cotf kr idwqf hY. awj dy Xuwg df muwK sMcfr sfDn kMipAUtr hY. ies nfl rOsLnI qy afvfjL ijMnI qyjI nfl dunIaF ivc phuMicaf jf skdf hY. ies sfDn dy afsry kwJ sLbd vI ilKo ieMtrnYt rfhIN kuwl dunIaF qwk phuMc jFdy hn. ieMtrnYWt ivc bhuq sfrI jfxkfrI peI hY. Aus jfxkfrI nUM vrqidaF ieh iKafl rwKxf cfhIdf hY ik jdoN kuwJ vI iksy pfisAuN corI krky koeI CpvfAux df jqn krygf qF bhuq sfry hor lok vI jfx jFdy hn ik ieh ikwQoN corI kIqI geI hY. pMjfbI ivc CpdIaF rcnfvF ( afm krky vYb sfeItF qy blfgjL AuWqy) ivc vI ieh dyiKaf jFdf hY, aYDroN-EDroN cuwk ky afpxy nF Qwly CpvfAux vfly vI bhuq hn. ies qoN bcxf bhuq jLrUrI hY. corI krn vflf ieh hI smJdf hY ik ieh qF iksy nUM pqf hI nhIN lwgf. pr Aus nf pqf lwgx dI socx vfly vihmI qoN ibnF sB nUM ies bfry pqf huMdf hY.

           rojLfnf GtnfvF jfxn vfilaF ny dyiKaf hI hoxf hY ik ipCly idnIN jrmnI dy iek kyNdrI mMqrI dI pI[ aYc[ zI (zfktr tfeItl) dI izgrI vfps lY leI geI ikAuNik Aus ny ikDirAuN iksy df tYkst afpxy Koj pwqr ivc sLfml kr ilaf sI, jdoN ies df pqf lwigaf qF kIqI imhnq aYvyN hI geI, jo qoey qoey hoeI Auh vwKrI. ies krky hI AuhnUM vjLIr dy ahudy qoN vI asqIPf dyxf ipaf. ieh dyKidaF qy ies qoN sbk lYNidaF aijhy kfrjF ivc ruwJy lokF nUM ies qoN bcxf cfhIdf hY.

          rcnfkfr ny isrjxf krnI huMdI hY. ieh bhuq aOKf kfrj hY. cyqy rwKx vflI gwl hY ik koeI vI rcnf aYvyN nhIN huMdI. hr kMm imhnq dI mMg krdf hY. ilKx kfrj ivc juty lok ijnHF ny sMsfr nUM nvyN ivcfr dy lV lfAuxf huMdf hY Auh imhnq qoN mUMh ikAuN moVn? ilKx vfsqy imhnq kIqI jfvy, qF Pyr swcmuc hI lyKk vizafeI df hwkdfr bx jFdf hY.

 


afpxy bfry c- jfvyd aKLqr

anuvfd  - kyhr sLrIPL

 

lok jdoN afpxy bfry c ilKdy hn qF sB qoN pihlF ieh dwsdy hn ik Auh ikhVy sLihr dy rihx vfly hn [[. mYN iks sLihr nUM afpxf khF?[[[[[  pYdf hox df jLurm gvflIar c kIqf, hosL sMBfilaf lKnAU c, pihlI vfr hosL guafieaf alIgVH c. Pyr Bopfl ivc rih ky kuwJ huisLafr hoieaf, pr bMbeI af ky keI dyr qwk hosL itkfxy rhy, qF afAu ieMj krdy hF ik mYN afpxI ijLMdgI df Cotf ijhf PlYsL bYk bxf lYNdf hF. ies qrHF quhfzf kMm Bfv pVHnf vI sOKf ho jfvygf aqy myrf kMm vI Bfv ilKxf.

          

sLihr lKnAU [[[[ ikrdfr myry nfnf, nfnI hor Gr vfly aqy mYN [[[[[[ myrI Aumr awT sfl hY. ipqf bMbeI ivc hY, mF kbr ivc. idn Br Gr dy ivhVy ivc afpxy Coty Brf nfl ikRkt Kyzdf hF. sLfm nUM itAUsLn pVHfAux vfsqy iek zrfAuxy jhy mfstr sfihb afAuNdy hn. AunHF nUM pMdrF rupey mhInf idwqf jFdf hY ( ieh gwl bhuq cMgI qrHF Xfd hY ies krky ik ieh hr rojL dwsI jFdI hY). svyry Krc krn vfsqy awDf afnf aqy sLfm nUM iek afnf idwqf jFdf hY. ies krky pYisaF dI koeI smwisaf nhIN hY. svyry rfm jI lfl bfxIeyN dI dukfn qoN rMgdfr goIaF KrIddf hF aqy sLfm nUM sfhmxy PuwtpfQ qy ryhVI lfAux vfly BfgvqI dI cft qy afnf Krc krdf hF. aYsL hI aYsL hY. skUl Kuwl gey hn. myrf dfKlf bMbeI dy pRiswD skULl kfilan qfalukydfr kflj aMdr CyvIN jmfq ivc krvf idwqf jFdf hY. pihlF iewQy isrP jgIrdfrF (aPsrsLfhF) dy puwqr pVH skdy sn. hux myry vrgy kmjfqF nUM vI dfKlf iml jFdf hY. hux vI bhuq mihMgf skUl hY [[[[[[ myrI PIs sqfrF rupey mhInf hY (ieh gwl bhuq cMgI qrHF Xfd hY ies krky ik hr rojL [[[[ Cwzo pry). myrI jmfq ivc keI bwcy GVI bMnHdy hn. Auh sB amIr GrF qoN hn. AunHF kol ikMny vDIaf vDIaf svYtr hn. iek dy kol qF PfAuNntyn pYWn vI hn. ieh bwcy awDI CuwtI vyly skUl dI kYntIn qoN awT afny vflI cfklyt KrIddy hn (hux BfgvqI dI cft cMgI nhIN lgdI). kwlH klfs ivc rfkysL kih irhf sI Auhdy zYzI ny ikhf hY ik Auh AuhnUM pVHn leI ieMglYNz Byjxgy. kwlH myrf nfnf kih irhf sI  [[[[[[Eh kMmbKqf! mYitRk pfs kr lY qF iksy zfkKfny ivc mohrF lfAux dI nOkrI qF iml jfvygI. ies Aumr ivc jdoN bwcy ieMjx zrfeIvr bxn dy supny dyKdy hn, mYN PYslf kIqf hY ik mYN vwzf ho ky amIr bxFgf [[[[[[[[[[[[[[

 

jfvyd aKqr dy vwK vwK aMdfjL aqy swjy sLbfnf afjLmI nfl

          

sLihr alIgVH [[[[ ikrdfr myrI mfsI, dUjy Gr vfly aqy mYN [[[[[[[ myry Coty Brf nUM lKnAU ivc nfny dy Gr hI rwK ilaf igaf hY aqy mYN afpxI mfsI dy ihwsy afieaf hF jo hux alIgVH af geI hY. TIk hI qF hY. do anfQ bwicaF nUM koeI iek pirvfr ivc qF nhIN rwK skdf. myrI mfsI dy Gr sfhmxy ijwQoN qwk njLr jFdI hY, mYdfn hY. Aus mYdfn qoN awgy myrf skUl hY[[[[[[[ nOvIN jmfq ivc hF, Aumr cOdF sfl hY. alIgVH ivc jdoN srdI huMdI hY qF JUT mUT dI nhIN huMdI. pihlf GMtf swq vjy huMdf hY. mYN skUl jf irhf hF. sfhmxy qoN cfkU dI Dfr vrgI iqwKI qy TMZHI hvf af rhI hY. hwQ lf ky vI pqf nhIN lgdf ik ichrf afpxI jgHf hY jF hvf ny nwk, kMnH kwt idwqy hn. AuNj pVHfeI ivc qF nwk kwtdI hI rihMdI hY. pqf nhIN ikvyN. bs! pfs ho jFdf hF. ies skUl ivc ijs df nF imMto srkl hY, myrf dfKlf krvfAuNdy hoey myry mfsV ny tIcr nUM ikhf [[[[[[ iehdf iKafl rwiKAu, idl pVHfeI ivc Gwt pr iPlmI gfixaF ivc vwD lgdf hY. dlIp kumfr dI AuVn Ktolf, rfj kpUr dI sRI cfr sO bIs dyK cuwkf hF. bhuq sfry iPlmI gfxy Xfd hn. pr, Gr ivc ieh iPlmI gIq gfAuxy qF kI suxn dI vI mnfhI hY. ies krky skUl qoN vfps afAuNdy hoey rsqy ivc AuWcI AuWcI gfAuNdf hF (mfP krnf jfx vyly qF ieMnI TMZ huMdI sI ik isrP pwky rfg hI gfey jf skdy sn). myrf skUl XUnIvristI eyrIey ivc hI hY. myrI dosqI skUl dy do cfr muMizaF qoN ibnF bhuqI XUnIvristI dy muMizaF nfl hI hY. mYnUM vwzy muMizaF vFg hotlF ivc bYTxF cMgf lgdf hY. aksr skUl qoN Bwj jFdf hF. skUl qoN isLkfieqF afAuNdIaF hn. keI vfr Gr vfilaF vloN kfPI mfr peI, pr koeI Prk nhIN ipaf. kors dIaF ikqfbF ivc idl nhIN lwigaf qF nhIN lwigaf. pr nfvl bhuq pVHdf hF. iJVkF bhuq pYNdIaF hn pr Pyr vI pVHdf hF. mYnUM isLar bhuq Xfd hn. XUnIvristI ivc jdoN vI AurdU isLarF df mukfblf huMdf hY mYN afpxy skUl vloN jFdf hF aqy hr vfr mYnUM bhuq sfry ienfm imldy hn. XUnIvristI dy sfry muMzy-kuVIaF mYnUM jfxdy hn. muMzy mYnUM jfxdy hn mYnUM ies gwl dI KusLI hY, lVkIaF jfxdIaF hn ies gwl dI bhuqI KusLI hY. [[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[

 

          

[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[ hux mYN kuwJ vwzf ho igaf hF [[[[[[ mYN pMdrf sfl df hF aqy ijLMdgI ivc pihlI vfr iek lVkI nUM KLq ilK irhF. myrf dosq ibwlU myrI mwdd krdf hY. asIN dovyN iml ky ieh KLq ilKdy hF. dUjy idn iek KflI bYzimMtn kort ivc Auh lVkI mYnUM imldI hY aqy hOslf krky ieh KLq mYN AuhnUM dy idMdf hF. ieh myrI ijLMdgI df pihlf qy afKrI pRym pwqr hY. (Aus Kq ivc kI iliKaf sI Auh qF Buwl igaf pr Auh lVkI awj qwk Xfd hY). mYitRk qoN bfad alIgVH Cwz irhf hF. myrI mfsI bhuq ro rhI hY aqy myrf mfsV AuhnUM cuwp krvfAux vfsqy AuhnUM kih irhf hY ik quM qF ievyN ro rhI eyN ijvyN ieh Bopfl nhIN vfr PrMt (War Front) qy jf irhf hovy. Aus smyN nf Auh jfxdy sn nf mYN ik mYN swc muwc vfr PrMt qy hI jf irhf sI.

          

sLihr Bopfl [[[[[[ ikrdfr[[[[[ axigxq imhrbfn, bhuq sfry dosq aqy mYN [[[[[[ alIgVH qoN bMbeI jFdy hoey myry bfp ny mYnUM Bopfl jF ieAuN kho awD-vfty hI Cwz idwqf. kuwJ idn afpxI mqryeI mF dy Gr ivc irhf. Pyr Auh vI jFdf irhf. sYPIaf kflj ivc pVHdf hF aqy dosqF dy shfry rihMdf hF. dosq, ijnHF dI ilst bnfAux bYTF qF tYlIPon zfierYktrI qoN motI ikqfb bx jfvygI. hux bI[ey dy dUjy sfl ivc hF. afpxy dosq eyjfjL dy nfl rihMdf hF. ikrfieaf Auh idMdf hY, mYN qF bws rihMdf hF. Auh pVHdf hY qy itAUsLn pVHf ky gujLfrf krdf hY. sfry dosq AuhnUM mfstr kihMdy hn [[[[[[[ mfstr nfl myrf iksy gwloN JgVf ho igaf hY. gwl-bfq bMd hY ies krky aj kl mYN Aus qoN pYsy nhIN mMgdf. sfhmxy dIvfr nfl tMgI hoeI AusdI pYNt ivcoN kwZ lYNdf hF jF Auh ibnf myry nfl gwl kIiqaF myry srhfxy iek-do rupey rwKky clf jFdf hY.

         

mYN bI[ey PfeInl ivc hF. ieh ies kflj ivc myrf cOQf sfl hY. kdy PIs nhIN idwqI [[[[[[ kflj vfilaF ny mMgI vI nhIN. ieh sLfied isrP Bopfl ivc hI ho skdf hY.

          

kflj dy kMpfAUz ivc iek KflI kmrf, Auh vI mYnUM muPq ivc dy idwqf igaf hY. jdoN klfs Kqm ho jFdI hY qF mYN iksy klfs rUm ivcoN do bYNc cuwk ky ies kmry ivc rwK lYNdf hF aqy AunHF qy afpxf ibsqrf ivCf lYNdf hF. bfkI qF sB TIk hY pr bYNcF ivc Ktml bhuq hn. ijs hotl ivcoN AuDfr KFdf sF Auh myry vrgy muPqKorF nUM AuDfr Kuaf Kuaf ky bMd ho igaf hY. Aus dI QF juwqIaF dI dukfn KuwlH geI hY. hux kI KfvF. bImfr hF, iekwlf hF, qyj buKfr hY, BuwK Aus qoN vI ijLafdf hY. kflj dy do lVky ijnHF nfl myrI mfmUlI hI jfx-pihcfx hY myry vfsqy itPn ivc Kfxf lY ky afAuNdy hn [[[[[[[[[[ myrI dohF nfl koeI dosqI nhIN hY, Pyr vI [[[[[[[ ajIb byvkUP hn. pr mYN bhuq clfk hF AunHF nUM pqf vI nhIN lwgx idMdf ik AunHF dohF dy jfx qoN bfad mYN rovFgf. mYN TIk ho jFdf hF. Auh dovyN myry bhuq cMgy dosq bx jFdy hn [[[[[[[ mYnUM kflj ivc zIbyt ivc ihwsf lYx df sLOk ho igaf hY. ipCly iqMn sfl qoN Bopfl dy rotrI klwb dy ienfm ijwq irhf hF. ieMtr kflj zIbyt ivc bhuq sfrIaF sLIlzF mYN ijwqIaF hn. ivkrm XUnIvristI vloN idwlI ivc hoey nYsLnl XUQ PYstIvl ivc vI ihwsf ilaf hY. kflj ivc do pfrtIaF hn aqy coxF vyly dovyN pfrtIaF mYnUM afpxy vloN bolx leI kihMdIaF hn [[[[[[[ mYnUM coxF nfl nhIN isrP bolx nfl mqlb hYN ies krky mYN dovF pfisaF vloN BfsLx kr idMdf hF.

         

kflj df ieh kmrf vI jFdf irhf. hux mYN musLqfk isMG nfl hF. musLqfk isMG nOkrI krdf qy pVHdf hY. Auh kflj dI AurdU asOsIeysLn df pRDfn hY. mYN bhuq cMgI AurdU jfxdf hF, Auh myQoN vI ibhqr jfxdf hY. mYnUM axigxq isLar Xfd hn , AuhnUM myQoN vI vwD Xfd hn. mYN afpxy Gr vfilaF qoN alwg hF . Auhdy Gr vfly hY hI nhIN. [[[[[[ dyKo hr kMm ivc Auh myQoN awgy hY. sfl Br qoN Auh myry nfl dosqI Kfxy aqy kwpVy qy hI inBf irhf hY Bfv Kfxf vI KvfAuNdf hY aqy kwpVy vI Auh hI svfAuNdf hY. pwkf srdfr hY pr myry vfsqy isgrtF KrIdxIaF AusdI jLuMmyvfrI hY.

          

hux mYN kdy-kdfeIN sLrfb vI pIx lwigaf hF. asIN dovyN rfq nUM bYTy sLrfb pI rhy hF. Auh mYnUM pfrtIsLn (vMz) aqy Aus jLmfny dy dMigaF dy ikwsy suxf irhf hY. Auh bhuq Cotf sI pr Aus nUM Xfd hY ik ikvyN idwlI dy krol bfg ivc do muslmfn lVkIaF nUM jldy hoey luwk dy zrMm ivc suwt idwqf igaf aqy ikvyN iek muslmfn muMzy nUM [[[[[[ mYN AuhnUM ikhf [[[[[ musLqfk isMG ! qUM kI cfhuMdf aYN ik iek GMty qoN aijhy ikwsy suxf ky musilm lIgI bnfAux dI koisLsL kr irhYN. jLulm dI ieh qfVI qF dovF hwQF nfl bwjI sI hux Pyr dUjy pfsy dI vI koeI vfrdfq suxf.

          

musLqfk isMG hwsx lgdf hY [[[[[ cl! suxf idMdf hF jwg bIqI suxfvF jF afp bIqI mYN ikhf afp bIqI aqy Auh jvfb idMdf hY myrf igafrF jIaF df Kfndfn sI, ds myrIaF awKF dy sfhmxy kql kr idwqy gey sn [[[[[[[[[

          

musLqfk isMG nUM AurdU dy bhuq sfry isLar Xfd hn. mYN musLqfk isMG dy kmry ivc iek sfl qoN rih irhf hF. bs! iek gwl smJ ivc nhIN afAuNdI musLqfk isMG qYnUM AunHF lokF ny ikvyN Cwz idwqf? qyry vrgy Bly lok iksy jfq iksy mjHb ivc pYdf hox hmysLf sUlI qy cVHfey jFdy hn qUM ikvyN bc igaf? [[[[[[ aj kl Auh glfsgo ivc hY. jdoN asIN iek dUjy qoN ivCV rhy sF qF mYN  Ausdf kVf AusqoN lY ky pihn ilaf sI aqy Auh awj qwk myrI bFh ivc hY aqy jdoN vI Auhdy bfry socdf hF qF aijhf lgdf hY ik Auh myry sfhmxy hY aqy kih irhf hY :

 

bhuq nfkfmIaoN pr afp apnI nfjL krqy hYN

aBI  dyKI  khF  hYN  afp  ny  nfkfmIaF myrI

 

sLihr bMbeI [[[[[[ ikrdfr iPlmI ieMzstrI, dosq , dusLmx aqy mYN [[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[

          

4 akqUbr 1964 nUM mYN bMbeI sYNtrl stysLn qy Auqiraf hF. hux ies adflq ivc myrI ijLMdgI df PYslf hoxf hY. bMbeI afAux qoN Cy idn bfad ipAu df Gr Cwzxf pYNdf hY. jyb ivc 27 nvyN pYsy hn. mYN KusL hF ik ijLMdgI ivc kdy 28 nvyN pYsy vI jyb ivc af gey qF mYN Pfiedy ivc rvFHgf aqy dunIaF Gfty c.

          

bMbeI ivc do sfl lMGx nUM hn, nf rihx df itkfxf hY nf Kfx df. AuNj qF iek CotI jhI iPlm ivc 100 rupey mhIny qy zfielfg ilK cuwkf hF. kdIN ikDry aisstYNt bx jFdf hF, kdy koeI hor Cotf-motf kMm iml jFdf hY. aksr Auh vI nhIN imldf. dfdr iek pRoizAUsr dy dPqr afpxy  pYsy lYx afieaf hF ijsny myQoN afpxI iPlm dy kfmyzI sIn ilKvfey sn. ieh sIn Aus msLhUr lyKk dy nF qy hI iPlm ivc afAuxgy ijhVf ieh iPlm ilK irhf hY. dPqr bMd hY. vfps bFdrf jfxf hY, jo kfPI dUr hY. pYsy ieMny ku hI hn ik jF qF bws df itkt lY lvF jF kuwJ Kf lvF. pr Pyr pYdl jfxf pvygf. Coly KrId ky jyb ivc pfAuNdf hF aqy pYdl sPr sLurU krdf hF. koihnUr imljL dy gyt dy sfhmixAuN lMGdy hoey socdf hF ik sLfied sB bdl jfvy, pr ieh gyt qF rhygf. iek idn ies gyt dy sfhmxy qoN afpxI kfr ivc lMGFgf. iek iPlm ivc zfielfg ilKx df kMm imilaf hY. kuwJ sIn ilK ky zfierYktr dy Gr jFdf hF. Auh bYTf nfsLqy ivc anfnfs Kf irhf hY. sIn lY ky pVHdf hY aqy kfgjL myry mUh qy vgfh mfrdf hY aqy iPlm qoN bfhr kwZdf hoieaf kihMdf hY ik mYN ijMLdgI ivc kdy vI lyKk nhIN bx skdf. kVkdI Duwp ivc iek sVk qy qurdy hoey mYN afpxI awK dy iek kony ivc afieaf aQrU pUMJdf hF aqy socdf hF ik mYN iek idn ies zfierYktr nUM ivKfvFgf ik [[[[[[[ Pyr pqf nhIN ikAuN iKafl afAuNdf hY ik kI ieh zfierYktr nfsLqy ivc hr rojL hI anfnfs KFdf hovygf.

         

[[[[[[[[[[ rfq dy sLfied do bwjy hoxgy. bMbeI dI brsfq, lgdf hY ik asmfn qoN smuMdr brs irhf hY. mYN Kfr stysLn dy pYrtIko dIaF pOVIaF qy iek kmjLor jhy blb dI rOsLnI ivc bYTf hF. nyVy hI jLmIn qy ies nyrHI-qUPfn qoN byKbr iqMn afdmI sON rhy hn. dUr KUMjy ivc iBwijaf hoieaf iek kuwqf kMb irhf hY. lgdf hY mINh kdy nhIN htygf. dUr qwk KflI, hnyrIaF sVkF qy joLrdfr pfxI brs irhf hY. KfmosL iblizMgF dIaF rOsLnIaF kdoN dIaF buJ cuwkIaF hn. lok afpo-afpxy GrF ivc sON rhy hoxgy. iesy sLihr ivc myry bfp df vI Gr hY. bMbeI ikMnf vwzf sLihr hY qy mYN ikMnf Cotf hF, ijvyN kuwJ vI nf hovF. afdmI ikMnI vI ihMmq rwKy kdy kdy bhuq zr lgdf hY.

          

[[[[[[[[ mYN hux sfl Br qoN kmfl stUzIAu (jo hux ntrfj stUzIAu hY)  ivc rihMdf hF. kMpfAUz ivc ikDry vI sON jFdf hF. kdy iksy vrFzy ivc , kdy iksy drwKq dy Qwly, kdy iksy bYNc qy aqy kdy iksy kfrIzor c. iewQy myry vrgy hor keI by-Gr qy byrojLgfr iesy qrHF hI rihMdy hn. AunHF ivcoN hI iek jgdIsL hY, Auhdy nfl myrI cMgI dosqI ho jFdI hY. Auh rojL iek nvIN qrkIb socdf hY ik awj Kfxf ikwQoN qy ikvyN iml skdf hY. awj dfrU kOx qy ikvyN iplf skdf hY. jgdIsL ny mfVI hflq ivc jIAUNdy rihx nUM iek afrt bxf ilaf hY.

         

myrI jfx-pihcfx aMDyrI stysLn dy nyVy PuwtpfQ qy iek sYikMz hYNz ikqfbF vycx vfly nfl ho geI hY. ies krky ikqfbF dI koeI Gft nhIN. rfq-rfq Br kMpfAUNz ivc ijwQy vI QoVHI jhI rOsLnI huMdI hY, AuWQy hI bYT ky pVHdf rihMdf hF. dosq mjLfk krdy hn ik mYN ieMnI Gwt rOsLnI ivc ieMnf ijLafdf pVHdf irhf qF kuwJ idnF ivc aMnHF ho jfvFgf. [[[[[[[[[ aj kl iek kmry ivc sOx df mOkf iml igaf hY. stUzIAu dy ies kmry ivc cfry pfsy kMDF nfl lwgIaF vwzIaF vwzIaF almfrIaF hn ijnHF ivc iPlm pfkIjLf dy drjxf kfsitAUm rwKy hn. mInf kumfrI, kmfl sfihb qoN vwK ho geI hY ies krky ienHIN idnIN iPlm dI sLUitMg bMd hY. iek idn mYN iek almfrI nUM KolHdf hF ies ivc iPlm aMdr vrqy jfx vfly purfxI iksm dIaF juwqIaF, cplF aqy sYNzl pey hn aqy Aus ivc hI mInf kumfrI dy iPlm Pyar aYvfrz pey hn. mYN AunHF nUM JfV-pUMJ ky, sfP krky iek pfsy vwKry rwK idMdf hF. ijLMdgI ivc pihlI vfr mYN iksy iPlmI aYvfrz nUM Coihaf hY. hr rojL rfq nUM kmrf aMdr qoN bMd krky, Auh trfPI afpxy hwQ ivc lY ky sLIsLy dy sfhmxy KVHf huMdf hF aqy socdf hF ik jdoN ieh trfPI mYnUM imlygI qF qfVIaF nfl gUMjdy hoey hfl ivc bYTy hoey lokF vwl vyKidaF mYN iks qrHF muskrfvFgf aqy ikvyN hwQ ihlfvFgf. ies qoN pihlF ik ies bfry koeI PYslf kr skF, stUzIAu dy borz qy noits lwgf hoieaf hY ik ijhVy lok stUzIAu ivc kMm nhIN krdy Auh kMpfAUNz ivc nhIN sON skdy. jgdIsL Pyr mYnUM iek qrkIb dwsdf hY ik jdoN qwk koeI hor ieMqjLfm nhIN huMdf qF afpF mhFkflI dIaF guPfvF ivc rvFHgy. (mhFkflI aMDyrI qoN awgy iek ielfkf hY AuWQy hux sMGxI abfdI qy kmfilsqfn stUzIAu hY. Aus jLmfny ivc AuWQy isrP iek sVk sI, jMgl sI aqy CotIaF CotIaF phfVIaF ijnHF ivc boDI iBksLUaF dIaF bxfeIaF hoeIaF guPfvF sn, jo awj vI hn. AunHF idnF ivc AuWQy kuwJ crs-gFjf pIx vfly sfDU pey rihMdy sn) mhFkflI dIaF guPfvF ivc mwCr ieMny vwzy hn ik AunHF nUM lVn dI nhIN quhfzy ipMzy qy isrP bYT jfx qF awK KuwlH jFdI hY. iek hI rfq ivc ieh gwl smJ af geI ik iewQy crs pIqy ibnF koeI sON hI nhIN skdf. iqMn idn ijvyN ikvyN gujLfrdf hF. bFdrf qoN iek dosq kuwJ idnF vfsqy afpxy kol rihx leI swd lYNdf hY. mYN bFdrf jf irhf hF. jgdIsL kih irhf hY ik iek-do idnF ivc Auh vI ikDry clf jfvygf. (ieh jgdIsL nfl myrI afKrI mulfkfq sI. afAux vfly sflF ivc ijLMdgI mYnUM ikwQoN qoN ikwQy lY geI pr Auh igafrF sfl bfad AuWQy, AunHF hI guPfvF ivc crs aqy kwcI dfrU (lfhx) pI pI ky mr igaf. AuWQy rihx vfly sfDUaF aqy nyVy rihMdy JONpVIaF vfilaF ny cMdf iekwTf krky Ausdf sskfr kr idwqf- ikwsf Kqm. mYnUM qy Ausdy hor dosqF nUM Ausdy mrn dI Kbr vI bfad ivc imlI. mYN aksr socdf hF ik myry nfl ikhVy moqI lwgy hn aqy jgdIsL ivc aijhI kI KrfbI sI. ieh vI qF ho skdf sI ik iqMn idn bfad jgdIsL dy iksy dosq ny AuhnUM bFdrf swd ilaf huMdf aqy mYN ipwCy AunHF guPfvF ivc rih jFdf. kdy kdy ieh sB ieqPfk lgdf hY. asIN lok iks gwl qy GumMz krdy hF?

          

mYN bFdrf ivc ijs dosq kol af ky ijs kmry ivc irhf Auh pysLfvr juafrIaf hY. Auh qy Ausdy do sfQI jUey ivc pwqy lfAuxy jfxdy hn. mYnUM vI isKf idMdy hn. kuwJ idn Aus nfl qfsL dy pwiqaF qy gujLfrf huMdf hY. Pyr Auh lok bMbeI qoN cly jFdy hn aqy mYN Pyr AuWQy df AuWQy. hux agly mhIny ies kmry df ikrfieaf kOx dyvygf. iek msLhUr aqy kfmXfb lyKk mYnUM swd ky afPr idMdy hn ik jy mYN AunHF dy zielfg ilK idaf krF ( ijs qy pwkf hY ik myrf nhIN Ausdf hI nfm Cpygf) qF Auh mYnUM Cy sO rupey mhInf dyxgy. socdf hF ik ieh Cy sO rupey ies vkq myry vfsqy Cy kroV dy brfbr hn, ieh nOkrI kr lvF. Pyr socdf hF ik jy nOkrI kr leI qF kdy vI Cwzx dI ihMmq nhIN pYxI. ijLMdgI Br ieh hI kuwJ krdf rih jfvFgf, Pyr socdf hF ik agly mhIny df ikrfieaf dyxf hY. Pyr socdF- dyKI jfAU. iqMn idn socx qoN bfad ienkfr kr idMdf hF. idn, hPqy, mhIny aqy sfl lMGdy hn. bMbeI ivc pMj sfl lMG gey. rotI cMd bxI hoeI hY aqy hflfq bwd. cMd kdy idKfeI idMdf hY qy kdy Cup jFdf hY. ieh pMj sfl myry leI bhuq aOKy sn, pr myrf isr nhIN Jukf sky. mYN nf-AumId nhIN hF. mYnUM ivsLvfs hY, pUrf ivsLvfs hY, kuwJ hovygf, jLrUr kuwJ hovygf. mYN AuNj hI qF mr jfx vfsqy pYdf nhIN hoieaf hF.- aqy nvMbr 1969 ivc mYnUM Auh kMm imldf hY ijsnUM iPlm vfilaF dI jLubfn ivc shI bRyk ikhf jFdf hY.

          

kfmXfbI vI ijvyN alfdIn df icrfg hY. acfnk dyKdf hF ik dunIaF KubsUrq hY aqy lok imhrbfn. sfl, zyZH sfl ivc bhuq kuwJ iml igaf hY aqy bhuq kuwJ imlx vflf hY. hwQ lwgidaF hI imwtI sonf ho rhI hY aqy mYN dyK irhf hF afpxf pihlf Gr, afpxI pihlI kfr. afsLfvF pUrIaF hox dy idn af gey hn. pr, ijLMdgI ivc iek qnhfeI qF ajy vI hY. gIqf aOr sIqf dy sYWt qy myrI mulfkfq hnI ierfnI nfl huMdI hY . Auh iek Kuwly idl vflI, KrI jLubfn vflI pr bhuq hsmuwK suBfa dI lVkI hY. imlx qoN cfr mhIny bfad sfzI sLfdI ho jFdI hY. mYN sfLdI ivc afpxy bfp dy keI dosqF nUM bulfieaf hY pr afpxy bfp nUM nhIN (kuwJ jLKLmF nUM Brnf alfdIn dy icrfg vfly dyvqy dy vs dI vI gwl nhIN ieh kMm isrP vkq hI kr skdf hY) do sfl ivc iek DI aqy iek puwqr joXf qy Prhfn huMdy hn.

         

agly Cy sflF ivc iek qoN bfad iek ienfm, lgfqfr bfrF supr ihwt iPlmF, purskfr, isPqF, aKbfrF qy rsfilaF ivc ieNtrivAU, qsvIrF pYsf aqy pfrtIaF, dunIaF dy sPr, cmkdy hoey idn, jgmfAuNdIaF rfqF ijLMdgI iek tYknIklr (bhrMgf) supnf hY. pr hr supny dI qrHF ieh supnf vI tuwtdf hY. pihlI vfr iek iPlm dI nfkfmI (iPlmF qF AusqoN bfad nfkfm vI hoeIaF qy kfmXfb vI. pr kfmXfbI dI Auh KusLI aqy KusLI dI mfsUmIaq jFdI rhI).

          

18 agsq 1976 nUM myry bfp dI mOq huMdI hY (mrn qoN 9 idn pihlF AunHF ny mYnUM afpxI ikqfb aftogRfP krky idwqI sI Aus qy iliKaf sI jb hm nf rhyNgy qo bhuq Xfd krogy AunHF ny TIk iliKaf sI. hux qwk qF mYN afpxy afp nUM bfgI aqy nrfjL byty dy rUp ivc pihcfxdf sI pr hux mYN kOx hF? mYN afpxy afp nUM aqy Pyr afpxy cfry pfsy, nvIaF njLrF nUM dyKdf hF ik bws kI ieh hI cfhIdf sI mYnUM ijLMdgI qoN. ies df pqf ajy dUijaF nUM nhIN hY pr Auh sfrIaF cIjF jo kwlH qwk mYnUM KusLI idMdIaF sn JUTIaF qy numfiesLI lwgx lwgIaF hn. hux myrf idl AunHF gwlF ivc ijLafdf lgdf hY ijs nUM dunIaF dI jLubfn ivc ikhf jfvy qF, koeI Pfiedf nhIN. sLfierI nfl myrf irsLqf pYdfiesLI aqy idlcspI hmysLf qoN hY. gBryt Aumr qoN hI jfxdf hF ik jy cfhvF qF sLfierI kr skdf hF, pr awj qwk kIqI nhIN hY. ieh vI myrI nrfjLgI qy bgfvq df iek pRqIk hY. 1979 ivc pihlI vfr isLar pVHdf hF aqy ieh isLar ilK ky mYN apxI ivrfsq aqy afpxy bfp nfl smJOqf (sulfh jF rfjLInfmf) kr ilaf hY. ies dOrfn myrI mulfkfq sLbfnf nfl huMdI hY. kYPLI afjLmI dI DI sLbfnf vI sLfied afpxIaF jVHF vwl muV rhI hY. AuhnUM vI aijhy hjLfrF svfl sqfAux lwgy hn ijnHF dy bfry Ausny kdy pihlF nhIN soicaf sI. koeI hYrfnI nhI ik asIN nyVy afAux lgdy hF. hOlI hOlI myry aMdr bhuq kuwJ bdl irhf hY. iPlmI dunIaF ivc jo myrI pfrtnrisLwp sI Auh tuwt jFdI hY. myry nyVly lok myry ivc hox vflIaF ienHF qbdIlIaF nUM pRysLfnI nfl dyK rhy hn. 1983 ivc mYN qy hnI vwK ho jFdy hF.(hnI nfl myrI sLfdI jLrUr tuwt geI hY pr qlfk vI sfzI dosqI df kuwJ nhIN ivgfV sikaf. jy kr mF-bfp dy alwg hox qy bwicaF ivc kVvfht nhIN afeI qF ies ivc myrf kmfl bhuq Gwt hY qy hnI dI isPq bhuq ijLafdf hY. hnI ajkl bhuq kfmXfb iPlm rfeItr hY aqy myrI bhuq vDIaf dosq. mYN dunIaF ivc bhuq Gwt lokF dI ieMnI iewjq krdf hF ijMnI myry mn ivc hnI vfsqy hY).

          

mYN iek kdm cuwk qF ilaf sI pr Gr qoN inkl ky keI sflF qwk myrI ijLMdgI ktI Aumr hotloN myN, mry hspqfl jf kr vrgI ho geI sI. sLrfb pihlF vI bhuq pINdf sF pr Pyr bhuq hI ijLafdf pIx lwgf. ieh myrI ijLMdgI df iek dOr hY ijs qy mYN sLrimMdf hF. ienHF QoVHy jhy sflF ivc jy dUsiraF ny mYnUM brdfsLq kr ilaf qF ieh AunHF df aihsfn hY. ieh suBfvk hI sI ik mYN ieMj hI sLrfb pINdf pINdf mr jFdf pr iek svyry iksy dI khI gwl ny aijhf PiVaf ik Aus idn qoN mYN sLrfb nUM hwQ nhIN lfieaf qy nf hI kdIN lfvFgf.

           

awj ieMny sflF bfad jd afpxI ijLMdgI nUM dyKdf hF qF lgdf hY ik phfVF qoN Jrny vFg AuqrdI, cwtfnF nfl tkrfAuNdI, pwQrF ivcoN afpxf rsqf ZUMzdI, PYldI, v KFdI, axigxq GuMmxGyrIaF bxfAuNdI aqy afpxy hI iknfiraF nUM KordI hoeI ieh ndI hux mYdfnF ivc af ky sLFq aqy gihrI ho geI hY.

          

myry bwcy joXf qy Prhfn vwzy ho gey hn aqy bfhr vflI dunIaF ivc afpxy pihly kdm rwKx vfly hn. AunHF dIaF awKF ivc afAux vfly kwlH bfry husIn supny hn. slmfn, myrf Cotf Brf amrIkf ivc bhuq kfmXfb sfiekoienfilst,(mfnisk rogF df mfhr) bhuq sfrIaF ikqfbF df lyKk, bhuq vDIaf sLfier, iek muhwbq krn vflI bIvI df pqI aqy do bhuq hI hoxhfr bwicaF df bfp hY. ijLMdgI dy rsqy Auhdy vfsqy Gwt musLkl nhIN sn. pr Ausny afpxI axQwk imhnq aqy lgn nfl afpxI hr mMijLl pf leI hY aqy ajy vI awgy qoN awgy vD irhf hY. mYN KusL hF qy sLbfnf vI jo isrP myrI pqnI hI nhIN myrI mihbUbf vI hY. jo iek KubsUrq idl vI hY aqy kImqI ijLhn vI mYN ijs dunIaF myN rihqf hUM voh Aus dunIaF kI aOrq hY ieh sqr jy virHaF pihlF mjLfjL ny iksy leI nf ilKI huMdI  qF mYN sLbfnf vfsqy ilKdf.

          

awj, AuNj qF ijLMdgI myry AuWpr hr pfisAuN imhrbfn hY pr bcpn df Auh iek idn 18 jnvrI 1953 hux vI Xfd afAuNdf hY. QF lKnAU myry nfny df Gr roNdI hoeI myrI mfsI, myry Coty Brf slmfn nUM, ijs dI Aumr sfZHy Cy sfl hY aqy mYnUM hwQ PV ky Gr dy Aus vwzy kmry ivc lY jFdI hY ijwQy PrsL qy bhuq sfrIaF aOrqF bYTIaF hn. qKq pr sPYd kPLn ivc lpytI myrI mF df ichrf nMgf hY. isrhfxy bYTI myrI buwZI nfnI QwkI jhI hOlI hOlI ro rhI hY. do aOrqF AuhnUM sMBfl rhIaF hn. myrI mfsI sfnUM dohF bwicaF nUM Aus qKq kol lY jFdI hY aqy kihMdI hY, afpxI mF nUM afKrI vfr dyK lAu. mYN kwlH hI awTF sflF df hoieaf sI. smJdfr hF. pqf hY mOq kI huMdI hY. mYN afpxI mF dy ichry nUM bhuq hI iDafn nfl dyKdf hF ik cMgI qrHF Xfd ho jfvy. myrI mfsI kih rhI hY iehdy nfl vfadf kro ik qusIN ijLMdgI ivc kuwJ bxogy. iehdy nfl vfadf kro ik qusIN ijLMdgI ivc kuwJ krogy. myQoN kuwJ kih nhIN huMdf, bs! dyKdf rihMdf hF aqy Pyr koeI aOrq myrI mF dy ichry qy kwPLn pf idMdI hY.

         

aijhf qF nhIN ik mYN ijLMdgI ivc kuwJ kIqf hI nhIN pr Pyr ieh iKafl afAuNdf hY ik ijMnf kr skdf hF Ausdf qF cOQf ihwsf vI ajy qwk nhIN kIqf aqy ies iKafl dI idwqI hoeI bycYnI jFdI nhIN.


ikrqIaF dy KUn nfl isMijaf idhfVf pihlI meIkyhr sLrIPL

 

pihlI meI dy kurbfnIaF Bry ieiqhfsk idhfVy nUM dunIaF Br dy ikrq krn vfly BfeI lflo hr vrHy hI pRx idvs vjoN mnfAuNdy hn. bhuq lMmy smyN qoN ieh ikrqIaF df kOmFqrI iqAuhfr bx cuwkf hY, ikAuNik ies dy ipwCy AunHF dy afpxy kIqy kMm dI rfKI  dy sMGrsLF df lMmf ieiqhfs hY jo lgfqfr ajy vI cwl irhf hY  aqy ieh Gol cwldf rhygf jdoN qwk kMm krn vfly afpxy hwkF nUM pRfpq krky suK dI rotI nf Kfx lwg pYx.

gwl bhuq purfxI nhIN svf ku sdI purfxI hY ik mjdUrF nUM isrP kMm krn jogy hI smiJaf jFdf sI. AunHF dy jIvn qy KfihsLF df iksy BVUey nUM koeI iPkr nhIN sI. aTfrHF-vIh GMty rojLfnf kMm krnf bhuq sfiraF df nsIb bx cuwkf sI. Kfx-pIx, sOx-pYx, arfm jF ijLMdgI jIAUx jogf smF hI kOx idMdf sI AunHF nUM. jdoN pfxI goN AuWpr clf jfvy qF mnuwK jIAUx leI cfrf krdf hY. mjLdUrF dI aijhI siQqI dy sbMD c mfeIkl sLfad dy sLbd cyqy krny cfhIdy hn lwKF mjLdUr BuwKy mr rhy hn qy Auh avfrfgrdF vrgf jIvn bqIq kr rhy hn. aijhI siQqI ivc sB qoN jLfihl AujrqI gulfm vI socxf sLurU kr idMdf hY. sFJI musIbq AunHF nUM spsLt kr idMdI hY ik Auh hr hIly iekwTy hox qy Auh ho jFdy hn.

jdoN srmfeydfrF ny mjdUrF AuWqy asih aqy akih julm Zfhuxy jfrI rwKy qF kfimaF ny Coty Coty gruwpF rfhIN socxf sLurU kIqf ik aijhI jflm siQqI ivc jIAUx df sbwb ikvyN bxy, ikvyN Auh afpxy bfl-bwcy pflx afid. kudrqI hI AunHF ny afpxy kdm mjLdUr eyky vwl vDfey. 1881 vfly dhfky ivc mjLdUrF ny afpxy afp nUM 12 GMty dI kMm idhfVI nUM 8 GMty dI kMm idhfVI dI mMg duafy jQybMd krnf sLurU kr idwqf, AuNj BfvyN ieh mMg 1866 qoN AuWTI sI ijs df lgfqfr pRcfr huMdf irhf. 1885 qwk 8 GMty kMm dI kMm idhfVI vflI mMg hr iksy dI jLubfn qy cVH geI sI qy jnqk rUp Dfr geI sI. amrIkf dy sfry vwzy snaqI kyNdrF c mujLfhry hoey. Pyr 1886 dy sLurU qoN hI amrIkf dy iek isry qoN dUjy isry Bfv inAUXfrk qoN sfnPrFissko qwk afm mujLhry hoey pr Gol df kyNdr sLihr isLkfgo sI.

pihlI meI 1886 nUM isLkfgo dI hya mfrkIt dy duafly kfmy iekwTy hoey. ies idn 80 hjfr mjLdUrF ny afpxIaF mMgF dy nfairaF nfl sLihr dIaF sVkF gUMjx lf idwqIaF. ieh mujfhry agly do idn vI jfrI rhy pr iqMn meI nUM pulIs ny ibnf iksy BVkfht dy aqy ibnF iksy vfrinMg qoN hwk mMgdy inhwQy mjdUrF qy golI clf idwqI ijs nfl 6 mjLdUrF dI mOq ho geI aqy 50 qoN vwD jKLmI ho gey. 4 meI nUM pulIs vloN hoey ies vihsLI jbr dy iKlfP sLihr dy kyNdrI cOk ivc rYlI hoeI. ies rYlI ivc iksy hVqfl qoVn vfly srkfrI eyjMt ny BVkfht pYdf krn vfsqy bMb suwt idwqf. iek pulsIaf mfiraf igaf, pMj hor ivakqI jLKLmI ho gey. srkfr ny mOkf qfV ky mjdUr jmfq nUM KUb BMizaf. mjdUrF qy aMnHF qsLwdd kIqf aqy bhuq sfrIaF igRPqfrIaF kIqIaF geIaF. afKr JUT dy puwqr byeImfn srkfrI aiDkfrIaF ny kfly idlF vfly BfVy dy twtU pYsy nfl KrId ky JUT df jfl buixaF. khy jFdy iensfP dy PirsLiqaF awgy KrIdy hoey pulIs tfAUtF nUM gvfhF dy rUp ivc pysL krky GVy GVfey PqivaF rfhIN byksUr mjdUr afgUaF nUM PFsI dIaF sjfvF suxfeIaF. 11 nvMbr 1887 nUM albrt pfrsn, aOgsq spfeIs, jfrj eyNjl aqy azolP iPsLr nUM PFsI qy ltkf idwqf igaf. AunHF sUrimaF ny afpxIaF jfnF afpxy lokF aqy afpxy kfjL nUM Byt kr idwqIaF.

dUjI kOmFqrI dI kFgrs ny 1889 ivc pihlI meI nUM mjdUrF dy iekmuwTqf idvs   dy qOr qy mnfAux df PYslf ilaf. 1890 qoN pihlI meI df idhfVf sLhIdF dI Xfd vjoN sMsfr pwDr qy mnfieaf jFdf hY jo mjdUrF dI kOmFqrI sFJ nUM qkiVaf krdf hY. dunIaF Br ivc iek-do dysLF nUM Cwz ky ies idn srkfrI CuwtI huMdI hY. hr QfvyN lok sLhIdF nUM sLrDFjlI Byt krdy hn.

awj pihilaF simaF nfloN sMsfr siQqI hI nhIN mjdUrF dI hflq vI bdlI hY pr buinafdI svflF aMdr ikMMnI qbdIlI afeI hY. iewQy srmfeydfrI dy Kfsy bfry dunIaF dy mhfn icMqk kfrl mfrks dy ivcfr cyqy krny bhuq sfrQk hn Auhny iliKaf sI : 

 

srmfeydfrI ijwQy vI hoNd ivc afeI hY AuWQy hI ies ny jgIrU, ipqf-purKI aqy afdrsLk pyNzU irsLiqaF nUM qbfh kr idwqf hY. ies ny bVI byrihmI nfl mnuwK nUM afpxy kudrqI vzyiraF nfl joVn vflIaF jgIrU qMdF nUM qfr-qfr kr idwqf hY. ies ny mnuwK dy mnuwK nfl irsLqy nUM nMgy icwty suafrQ aqy pYsy dI kdy nf pUrI hox vflI BuwK AuWqy inrBr kr idwqf hY Bfv mnuwK nUM Gor suafrQI bxf idwqf hY aqy pYsy leI hVbf idwqf hY. ies ny mnuwKI nyk lgn, mnuwKI dlyrI, mnuwKI josL aqy afm mnuwKI BfvnfvF nUM inwjI suafrQ dy brPIly pfxIaF ivc zob idwqf hY. ies ny mnuwKI svYmfx nUM ivkfAU mfl bxf idwqf hY aqy bVI mihMgI kImq qfr ky pRfpq kIqIaF geIaF mnuwKI ajfdIaF nUM Kqm krky  ibnf sLwk ieko iek by-jLmIr ajfdI qwk sImq kr idwqf hY ieh hY ajfd vpfr. sMKyp ivc Dfrmk aqy rfjsI BulyiKaf dy prdy hyT kIqI jFdI luwt Ksuwt dI QF iesny nMgI, bysLrm, iswDI, vihsLI luwt-Ksuwt nUM dy idwqI hY. srmfeydfrI ny hux qwk nyk smJy jFdy anyk ikwiqaF dI pivwqrqf nUM Kqm kr idwqf hY. pujfrI, kvI (sfihqkfr), sfieMsdfn, zfktr, vkIl afid Dn kmfAux dIaF msLInF bx gey hn. srmfeydfrI ny mnuwKI irsLiqaF coN mnuwKI jjLibaF nUM Kqm krky ienHF irsLiqaF nUM isrP qy isrP mfiek irsLiqaF qwk sImq kr idwqf hY.

                                                     kfrl mfrks (kimAUinst mYnIPYsto coN)

 

BfvyN pihlF qoN hux qwk bhuq qbdIlI afeI hY pr srmfeydfrI  aMdroN iksy qrHF vI vwD qoN vwD munfPy kmfAux dI hvs vflI psLU-ibrqI ajy mrI nhIN. ies hflq nUM bdlx leI jLrUrI hn iekmuwT mjdUrF dy sMGrsLmeI KfVkU Gol. ieh mjdUrF vloN jQybMd hoieaF hI ho skdy hn. mjdUrF aMdr ienHF dy ivroDIaF (srmfeydfrI dy dwilaF) vloN Brm BulyKy pYdf kIqy jFdy hn jo huMdy qF mfmUlI hn pr gYr-jQybMd aqy afm krky Gwt sUJ (rfjsI aqy smfjk) rwKdy mjdUrF dI kwc GrV smJ kurfhy pY qurdI hY ijs nfl mjdUr lihr nUM bhuq nuksfn huMdf hY. ies gwl qy jor idMidaf jUn 1927 dy ikrqI ivc iliKaf igaf sI, lokF nUM afps ivc lVn qoN rokx leI jmfqI sUJ dI loV hY. grIbF, ikrqIaF aqy iksfnF nUM sfP smJf dyxf cfhIdf hY ik quhfzy aslI dusLmx srmfeydfr hn ies krky quhfnUM ienHF dy hwQkMizaF qoN bcky rihxf cfhIdf hY. sMsfr dy sfry grIbF dy  BfvyN Auh iksy jfq, nsl,  mjHb dy hox hwk iewko hI hn. quhfzf Blf ies ivc hY ik qusIN Drm, rMg, kOm, nsl qy dysFL dy iBMn-Byd imtf ky iekwTy ho jfAu aqy srkfr dI qfkq nUM afpxy hwQ ivc lYx df Xqn kro. ienHF XqnF nfl quhfzf koeI hrjL nhIN hovygf iksy idn quhfzy sMgl jrUr kwty jfxgy aqy quhfnUM afriQk suqMqrqf iml jfvygI.

Bfrq dI mjdUr-iksfn jmfq (ikrqIaF) ny afpxI sKq imhnq nfl mulk nUM dunIaF c nfmxy jogf kIqf hY. jy ajy vI mulk ivc grIbI, bykfrI, anpVHqf, jhflq aqy iBRsLtfcfr  hY qF mulk dy kfmy-ikrqIaF krky nhIN sgoN mulk aMdr srmfeydfrI pRbMD dy BYV hn Bfv Joty nUM lwgIaF jUaF hn. loV hY ies aijhy byeImfnI Bry lok doKI pRbMD nUM BMn-qoV suwtx dI qF ik smfnqf-brfbrI Biraf smfj Ausr sky. socx vflI gwl ieh hY ik lok kdoN ku qwk ieMj brdfsLq krI jfxgy. dysL Bgq bfibaF ny bhuq vwzy dfeIey bMnHy sn. kI asIN AunHF supinaF dy nyVy-qyVy vI awpVy hF, jvfb nFh ivc hY.

AuWGy dysL Bgq bfbf ipRQvI isMG ajfd dysL dI ajfdI dy Gol ivc vwzf ihwsf pfAux vfilaF ivcoN sn. AunHF afpxy idl qy dysL df duwK afpxI svY-jIvnI ivc iliKaf hY, Auh ilKdy hn: ajfdI qoN bfad shI syD ivc cwlxf bhuq jrUrI sI pr asIN ies ivc PylH ho gey hF. Dn-dOlq dy gyV ivc pY gey hF. mYN afpxI mF-BumI dy lokF nUM apIl krdf hF ik Auh ienHF svflF AuWqy ivcfr krn ik Bfrq ikwDr nUM jf irhf hY? ajfd Bfrq ivc grIbI ikAuN vD rhI hY? sfzy kOmI jIvn ivc iBRsLtfcfr ikvyN Ds igaf hY? idno-idn amIr qy grIb ivc pfVf ikAuN vD irhf hY? dysL dI ies hflq aqy inGfr leI kOx ijMmyvfr hY? jIvn dy sfry KyqrF ivc ieKlfkI kdrF dy Kurdy jfx nUM rokx qoN asIN ikAuN asmrQ hF?[[[[[bfbf jI ny awgy afpxy ivcfr ivakq kridaF ikhf hY ik ieh iBRsLtfcfrI pRbMD Kud dysL idaF hfkmF ny pYdf kIqf hY. sfzI AunqI qy KusLhflI nfmDrIk hY sB qoN vwzf svfl ieh hY ik sfzy vfhIkfr qy ikrqI lok ies srmfeydfr smfj awgy isr JukfeI rwKxgy jF ies nUM cYilMj krngy. Bfrq dy iksfnF qy mjdUrF ny afpxy rfhy jfx df PYslf krnf hY. sosLilst pRbMD hI injfq df rfh hY.

Bfrq Drm inrpwK dysL khfAuNdf hY. pr hfkm rfj gwdI qy bxy rihx leI iPrkfpRsqI df shfrf lYx ivc koeI rwqI Br vI sLrm mihsUs nhIN krdy sgoN vot XuwD dy mYdfn ivc Kud iPrkfpRsq ho jFdy hn pr bysLrmI dI hwd ik mUMhoN nfm Pyr vI Drm inrpwKqf df hI lYNdy hn. sfrf hI mulk sMqfp Bog irhf hY. lflcI lok ielfkfvfd, BfsLfvfd qy keI hor iksmF dI zwPlI bjf ky afpxy sOVy muPfdF Kfqr afm ikrqI lokF nUM pfV vI rhy hn qy mUrK vI bxf rhy hn. iksy vI gwl/msly nUM hkIkI hflqF anusfr hI ivcfiraf jfxf cfhIdf hY. Dfrimk ivsLvfs iksy dy ijhVy mrjI hox pr duwK-qklIPF sB dIaF sFJIaF hn ies krky ieh sFJI lVfeI iekwiTaF ho ky lVI jf skdI hY.

ikrqI lokF ny hmysLF hI mulk dy ivkfs ivc afpxI smrwQf qoN vwD Xogdfn pfieaf, pr munfPy AunHF ny Kwty jo ajfdI dI lihr vyly aMgryjF dy bUt cwtdy rhy ajfdI AuprMq kOmFqrI srmfeydfrF nfl rlky sony dI icVI nUM dohIN hwQ luwtdy rhy, ajy vI luwtI jf rhy hn. Bfrq aMdr lok rfj dy huMidaF bhuq sfry kfly kfnUMn mOjUd hn. Auh sfry hI afpxIaF hwkI mMgf leI Gol krdy lokF dy iKlfP vrqy jFdy hn. iewQoN qwk ik ikrqI jmfq nfl sbMDq lok jdoN afpxy GolF ivc inwqry hVqflF kIqIaF qF AunHF dy iKlfP dihsLq grdI ivroDI kfnUMn vrqy gey. hflFik ieh jwg jfhr hY ik mjdUr jmfq byikrk ho ky dihsLqgrdI dy iKlfP lVI. zYmokRysI nUM vfr vfr zFgokRysI nfl hwikaf igaf. kI ieh hI hY BfrqI lok rfj? inaF ies rfj ivc awKF qy pwtI bMnHky, kMnF ivc rUMa dy ky bYTf rihMdf hY. bydoisLaF nUM BIVF qoN kql krvfAux vfly guMzy srkfrI surwiKaf df inwG mfxdy hn. AuWcy ahuidaF qy bYT ky rfj-Bfg clfAuNdy hn srkfrF kimsLn dr kimsLn kfiem krky lokF nUM mUrK bnfAux df kMm krdIaF hn. ijwQy iensfP nf imldf hovy AuhnUM kfnUMn df rfj jF lok rfj kihxf ikMnf ku TIk ho skdf hY? isafsq hux syvf nhIN DMdf bx geI hY, dwly ies dI kmfeI Kf rhy hn.

awj ivsLvIkrn df bhuq KOrU pY irhf hY. mIzIaf qy bhukOmI kMpnIaF dy kbjy hn jF vwzf pRBfv hY. ies krky hI glI-sVI aqy bOnI soc dy sfDfrn jhy ivakqIaF nUM pRBfvsLflI bnfAux ivc lwgy hoey hn. mIzIaf sony dy nF hyT kUVf vyc irhf hY. ies pfsy hr jfgRiq ivakqI nUM sucyq hox dI loV hY. hr cMgI qy mnuwKvfdI soc nUM jF qF axgOilaf jF irhf hY jF Pyr nkfrn df Xqn kIqf jf irhf hY. ies qoN bcx leI srgrmI Biraf dKl bhuq jrUrI hY. ies nklI ivsLvIkrn dy JUTy vxjfry sMsfr dy iek ipMz bx jfx dI duhfeI dy ky sfry ipMz nUM hI luwtx qy lwgy hoey hn. mnuwKI sFJf nUM ipCFh Dwkidaf mnuwK nUM smfj nfloN qoVn ivc lwgy hoey hn. sfzy amIr ivrsy ivc sBY sFJIvfl[[[[ df hokf imldf hY aqy bygmpury dI isrjxf df isDFq brfbrI aqy dIn duKI nfl KVHy hox dy bol AuWcy krdf hY. ikAuN ivsfrIey asIN ieho jhy mnuwKvfdI isDFq? iehnUM aml ivc ilafAux leI kdm awgy qurny cfhIdy hn, sfJF pYdf kridaf ienHF nUM qkVy krIey.

iPrkfpRsqI aqy rUVIvfdI soc nUM pRxfey keI mwkfr isafsqdfn jF AunHF dy hmfieqI Drm dy rfj dIaF vI duhfeIaF pfAuNdy dyKy jf skdy hn. Drm df nF qF KumYnI qy ijaf vrigaF ny vI bVf jipaf sI, kI inkilaf Auhdy ivcoN, aijhI soc ivcoN isrP kucwj jMmdy hn jo nMgy icwty imhnqksLF dy dusLmx huMdy hn. kI AunHf dy rfj DrmI rfj khy jf skdy hn? hr iksm dI iPrkfpRsqI PfsLIvfd nUM jnm dyx df kfrn bxdI hY. PfsLIvfd lokF df dusLmx huMdf hY. hr iksm dy iPkfpRsqF dy iKlfP Gol jmfqI sUJ nfl pRpwk ho ky hI liVaf jf skdf hY. ikrqIaF dy sFJy sMGrsL hI smfj nUM awgy vwl qor skdy hn. aijhI siQqI ivc buwDIjIvIaF dy ijMmyvfrI bhuq vD jFdI hY ik Auh hflfqF nUM BfpidaF, AunHF bfry TIk inrxy krn aqy afpxy lokF nUM shI syD dyx. Brwpx Bry smfj dI kfiemI vwl sFJI Xlgfr hI pihlI meI df sunyhf hY. ikrqIaF Kfqr jfnF vfr gey sLhIdF nUM Xfd krnf aqy AunHF vloN sLurU kIqy kfjL nUM pRxfm kridaF Aus soc df ihwsf bxnf sfzf PrjL hoxf cfhIdf hY. ieh hI pihlI meI dI Bfvnf hY.

 


  ivsfKI : sfzy lok jIvn df nvykf rMg

-         kyhr sLrIPL

 

hr dysL ivc myly AusdI swiBafcfrk pihcfx aqy qor dy AuBrdy aMg bxdy hn. ivsfKI pMjfbIaF vfsqy lok jIvn nfl juiVaf nyVvF swc hY. ieh sdIaF purfxI rIq hY, sFJ Bry jIvn dI Jlk hY, moh-muhwbq df pRqIk hY. ieh sfnUM nvIN jIvn jfc bKsLdf aijhf swc hY ijs nfl mnuwKI ijLMdgI muwlvfn vI huMdI hYaqy moh-vfn vI, ijs dy iswty vjoN mnuwKI mn ivc inmrqf qy inrmfxqf df ivkfs huMdf hY. ieho hI smfijk siQqIaF ivc qbdIlIaF dI sUck bx jFdI hY. afpsI sFJ df sB qoN vwzf sunyhf.

 

jdoN kory-kwkrF dy BMny lok KuwlHy mOsm ivc phuMcdy qF ies nUM KusLI vjoN mnfieaf jFdf. sFJy iekwT huMdy. lok nwcdy twpdy iek dUjy nfl KusLI sFJI krdy. pyNzU KyzF huMdIaF afm krky gBrUaF dy Gol hI pihly  simaF ivc muwK sn jF Pyr gBrUaF dy sLrIrF nUM prKx vfsqy mUMglI PyrnI, Bfr cuwkxf, dOVnf qy ipwCoN jf ky kbwzI ivc gBrUaF dI joLr ajmfeI hox lwgI. mn pRcfvy leI bolIaF pf pf ky nwicaF jFdf. ies qrHF awj vyKy jFdy nfc Aus smyN hI jnmy hoxgy. awj df BMgVf buinafdI qOr qy AunHF hI nfcF df iek rUp hY. iesy qrHF hI psLUaF dI jfn prKI jFdI afm krky bld gwzIaF dIaF dOVF huMdIaF. ienHF bld gwzIaF dIaF dOVF ivc ihwsf lYx dy cfhvfn lMmf smF pihlF iqafrI krdy. psLUaF df sfzy jIvn dy ivc sdf hI vwzf mhwqv irhf hY.

 

ieh vI Xfd rwKx vflI gwl hY ik pihilaF simaF ivc kuVIaF df KyzF ivc ihwsf lYxf bhuq burf smiJaf jFdf sI, ies krky sfnUM ies gwl dI koeI jfxkfrI nhIN imldI ik Aus vyly kuVIaF ikhVIaF KyyzF KyzdIaF sn. hF ieh jrUr hY ik mn dI KusLI dy nf sFBy jfx qy CotI qy vwzI Aumr dIaF sB kuVIaF smfijk jhy gIqF dI qfl nfl jrUr nwcdIaF sn, pr iekwlIaF igwDy dy rUp ivc . ieho jhIaF smfjk hflqF dy huMidaF awj qwk vI sfzy kol aOrqFmrdF dy sFJy nfc nhIN hn, jo hor bhuq sfry smfjF ivc imldy hn. brfbrI df rfg gfAux vfly ies pfsy vI iDafn mfrn qF bVf kuwJ socx nUM imlygf. iewQy hI sfzy smfj ivc aOrqF nfl huMdy ivqkry dy bIj pey hn.

 

ivsfKI df afrMB qF pqf nhIN kdoN qoN cwldf af irhf hY, pr hY sdIaF purfxf. pihl plwkiVaF ivc pyNzU jIvn bhuqf krky KyqI bfVI qy hI inrBr krdf sI. smfj df hr jIa, iksy vI ikwqy vflf ies nfl sbMDq sI. ies krky Psl bhuq hI mhwqvpUrn sI. PslF bIjIaF jFdIaF, pfIaf jFdIaF jdoN kxkF inwsrdIaF,pwkdIaf, iswty suinhrI hoey dyK ky mnuwKI mn nfl hI iKV AuTdf. ikAuNik Psl Gr afAux qy hI sfry kfrj kIqy jfxy huMdy sn, KyqI bfVI sfzI afriQkqf df muwK sRoq sI. jdoN kxkF vwZx leI dfqrI pYNdI qF lok mn JUm AuTdf, nwc pYNdf. ies qrHF lok iekwT hoxy sLurU hoey jo myly bx gey. lok ienHF myilaF ivc nwcdy qy gfAuNdy ijLMdgI nUM asl mfainaF ivc mfnx lwgy. ies smyN nfl sbMDq bhuq sfry lok gIq ies df hI pRgtfvf krdy hn. ivsfK mhIny hI kxkF dI vfZI sLurU hMudI. ies df afrMB lok jsLnF nfl krdy. vfZI sLurU hI Zol dy zgy nfl huMdI.

 

iewQy iek hor ivsyLsL gwl df ijLkr krnf bVf jLrUrI hY jo sfzy smfijk irsLiqaF ivcly moh df pRgtfvf krdI hY. kxk dIaF vfZIaF vyly afm hI afbHqF (iksy dUsry dy kMm ivc ibnF pYisaF dy mwdd krnI) pYNdIaF, lok iekwTy hoky iek df kfrj pUrf krdy Pyr agly idnIN Auh hI pihlF vfilaF dy hwQ vtfAux afAuNdy. ies qrHF sFJ vI vDdI qy kMm vI Jwby inwbV jFdf. vfZIaF vyly afbHqIaF dI syvf afm krky sLwkr iGAu (Gr df dysI iGAu) nfl hI huMdI sI. smyN bfad Gr dI kwZHI dysI dfrU (sLrfb) vI ienHF vyilaF ivc vrqI jfx lwgI. vfZHIaF qoN bfad PilHaF nfl kxkF gfhIaF jFdIaF, DVF lgdIaF, kxk qy qUVI vwK kIqy jFdy. ies qrHF Psl brsfq sLurU hox qoN pihlF hI suwKI-sfdIN Gr af jFdI.

 

pfxIaF dy nyVy vsx vfly lok nyVly dirafvF qy ivsfK dI sMgrFd nUM vwzI igxqI ivc nhfAux jFdy. duafby dy lok afm krky sqluj diraf dy kMiZaF qy nhfAuNdy. iewQy qwk phuMcx leI lok gwizaF, ryVHIaF dI svfrI df afsrf lYdy sn. ijs QfvyN vI iekwTy huMdy AuWQy vI myly vrgf hI jsLn huMdf.  iesLnfn krn vfsqy lok svyry suvKqy hI iewQy phuMcdy. ieh qF kuwJ dhfky pihlF vI afm clx sI. duafby ivc afm qOr qy ies nUM vsoaf nfHAuxf vI afiKaf jFdf sI. ieWQy nhfAux df kfrn sfP jl nfl iesLnfn krky afpxy afp nUM pivwqr krnf afiKaf jFdf sI . pr hux smyN bdl gey hn. Aus smyN dy pivwqr jl nUM awj dy mnuwK ny plIq kr idwqf hY. hux sLfied lok ies zroN iewQy nhIN nhfAuNdy ik Auh ies plIq/ gMdy ho gey pfxI nfl bImfrIaF nhIN luafeIaF cfhuMdy. ieh simaF df Prk hY ik Aus smyN dI pivwqr rIq awj mnuwKI qRfsdI bx geI hY.

 

nvyN mnuwK dI isrjxf leI iswK lihr ivc isPqI qbdIlI sRI gurU goibMd isMG jI ny aprYl 1699 nUM Kflsy dI isrjxf nfl kIqI. ieh ivsfK dI sMgrFd dy idhfVy anMdpur ivKy iekwT ivc isWKF dy smrpx dI Bfvnf df jlvf sI. ieWQy hoey iekWT ivc gurU sfihb vloN afpxy iswKF dI prK krn df anoKf ZMg apxfieaf igaf. AunHF iekwT ivc juVy lokF qoN isrF dI mMg kIqI, ieh suxidaF hI smfj ivc afpxy afp nUM vwzy aKvfAux vfly vwzIaF jfiedfdF, jgIrF dy mflk qyjI nfl AuWQoN iKsk gey sn. isr pysL krn vfly ikrqIaF ivcoN sn, BfeI dieaf rfm jI lhOr qoN, BfeI Drm dfs jI idwlI qoN, BfeI mohkm cMd jI dvfrkf qoN, BfeI sfihb cMd jI ibdr qoN, BfeI ihMmq rfey jI jgn nfQ qoN . gurU sfihb ny ienHF nUM afpxy pMj ipafry ikhf aqy aimRq Ckf ky isMG sjfieaf aqy sfry hI BfeI dieaf isMG, BfeI Drm isMG, BfeI mohkm isMG, BfeI sfihb isMG aqy BfeI ihMmq isMG bx gey. Pyr ienHF pMjF ipafiraF qoN afp aimRq Cikaf aqy afp vI goibMd rfey qoN goibMd isMG bxy. ies Gtnf kRm bfry BfeI gurdfs jI ny iliKaf :

 

vih pRgitE mrd agMmVf virafm iekylf ..

vfhu  vfhu   goibMd  isMG  afpy   gur  cylf ..

 

dysL dI ajfdI dI lihr smyN sMn 1919 dI ivsfKI nUM jwilaF vfly bfg aimRqsr ivc jo drdnfk qy KUnrwqf hfdsf jnrl Auzvfier ny inhwQy pMjfbIaF qy vrqfieaf Aus nfl sfry dysL vfsIaF dI rUh JMjoVI geI. ieh jwilafvflf bfg mulk dI ajfdI lihr ivc sLhId hoey pMjfbIaf df XfdgfrI sQfn hY, ijwQy hr idn hI lok sLhIdF dI Xfd ivc isr invfAux afAuNdy hn. ipCly smyN srkfr vloN jwilaFvfly bfg nUM lokF leI sYrgfh bnfAux dy Xqn kIqy gey, BfvyN lokF dy roh sfhmxy ieh hfr gey. puwTy isrF qy bOnI soc vfly aPsrsLfhF ny ieh vI nf soicaf ik ieh afpxy lokF qy mulk leI jfnF vfr igaF dI Xfdgfr hY, jo afAux vflIaF pIVHIaF nUM dysL BgqI df sbk dyx df muwK somf hY. ijhVy lok afpxy sLhIdF qy afpxy mfxmwqy ivrsy nUM Buwl jFdy hn Auh dysL BgqI vfly pfisAuN XqIm ho jFdy hn. AuNj vI sLhIdF df KUn ssqf krn qy smJx vfly sdf iPtkfrF dy lfiek hI huMdy hn. jy jwilaF vfly bfg dy mhwqv nUM smJxf hovy qF zf: jgqfr dy ieh isLar Xfd krnf kfPI hovygf ik :

 

KUn lokF df hY ieh pfxI nhIN

eys dI  surKI kdy  jfxI nhIN

 

dusLmxF hiQafr sfry vrqxy

ijLMdgI ny mfq pr KfxI nhIN

 

ivsfKI dy arQ bhuq vwzy qy ivsLfl hn Kud ijLMdgI vFg. ijLMdgI nUM ipafr krn vfilaF vfsqy cMgI syD df pRx lYx df idhfVf hY, afpsI BfeIcfry dI mjbUqI df hokf idMidaf hr iksy leI  smfnqf aqy vYr rihq, apxwq Bry smfj dI isrjxf vwl vDxf hI ivsfKI df sMdysL hoxf cfhIdf hY. ieh qd hI ho skdf hY jy asIN hr iksm dIaF nPrqF BrIaF dIvfrF Zfa ky afpxy ivrsy qoN sFJIvflqf dI iswiKaf lYNdy hoey vrqmfn dIaF nvIaF jugqF, nvIN jIvn jfc apxfAuNdy hoey nIcF aMdr nIc jfq[[[[[[ vflI Bfvnf lY ky qurIey.

 

 

 

hux qwk KLbrnfmf dI vYWb sfeIt nUM pfTk vyK cuwky hn

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