www.khabarnama.com  {Punjabi Newspaper Khabarnama Toronto} email: editor@khabarnama.com 


 

ਅਖ਼ਬਾਰ ਪੜ੍ਹਨ ਲਈ ਪੰਜਾਬੀ  ਫਾਂਟ ਇੱਥੋਂ ਡਾਊਂਨਲੋਡ ਕਰ

 

 

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svY ryKf icqr -blbIr momI

blvq gfrgI dI khfxI-Aus dI afpxI jLbfnI

          mYN gfrgI bhuq nyiVEN jfxdf hF. Aus dIaF ilKqF, Aus dy JUTy vfaidaF qy Aus dIaF kmjLorIaF KurdbIn nfl qwikaf hY. Auh bhuq sfry BulyiKaF df mrkjL hY. Aus dy nF hI lE: gfrgI! ikqnf bogs nF hY! iksy kuVI dI nkl jfpdf hY. Auh DoKf dyx dy iKlfP hY, pr KLud bVI afsfnI nfl DoKf Kf jFdf hY. Auh isgrt df sLOkIn nhIN pr jy dUjf pI irhf hovy (Kfs qOr `qy koeI kuVI) qF Auh psd krdf hY.

          Aus dIaF ilKqF ivwc pyNz vfqfvrx hY. cUhiVaF, luhfrF qy jwtF dy muVHky dI bo hY. pr Aus imlo qF Auh pUrf burjLuvf hY. Aus df kot lMzn df hY, kmIjL pYirs dI, juwqf zYnmfrk df qy nktfeI rom dI. iblkul ivdysLI sfihb, ijs df ipz dy lokF nfl dUr df vI sbD nhIN. krjLn roz dI iek koTI dI guwT ivwc Aus df Gr hY, ijs dy ipwCy DobIaF, KfnsfimaF qy nfeIaF dIaF KolIaF hn, ijnHF ivwc Aus dy Gr df pIlf drvfjLf cmkdf hY. adr jfE qF sfhmxy hI PuwlF nfl isLgfiraf iek KUbsUrq kmrf hY. PrFsIsI stfeIl df bUhf qy rgdfr pridaF vfly sLIsLy hn. ieh kmrf Aus dy nOkr df hY. Aus df afpxf kmrf ies nfloN bhuq GtIaf hY. Aus dy Gr ivwc sB qoN suQrI QF Aus dy km krn vflI myjL nhIN, Aus dI rsoeI hY. ieQy bfrF sO rupey df ibjlI df culHf hY pr keI vfr Aus kol ibjlI df ibl dyx jogy pYsy nhIN hudy. ijnHIN idnIN Aus kol nvyN mfzl dI vwzI motrkfr sI, aksr pYtrol leI pYsy QuVHy rihdy sn. Auh cgI cfh qy cMgI gwlbfq df sLOkIn hY.Auhdy Gr hr vyly culHy Auqy cfh dI kyqlI AubldI rihdI hY. lok afAuNdy hn, cfh pINdy hn qy nftkF, icwqrklf, iPlm qy rfjsI adolnF Auqy bihs krdy hn qy cly jFdy hn. afdmI hYrfn hudf hY ik ieh ilKdf iks vyly hovygf. gfrgI pihlf pjfbI lyKk hY, ijs Auqy sohxIaF kuVIaF ny ieqbfr kIqf afm qOr `qy pjfbI lyKk qy sohxI kuVI df Gwt hI myl hudf hY.

          pRoPYsr pRIqm isG dI pfrsfeI qoN, siqafrQI dI dfVHI qoN, qy syKoN dy iKjLfb qoN zr lgdf hY. pr gfrgI kol nf dfVHI hY, nf iKjLfb qy nf pfrsfeI! Auh juwqf gZfAux igaf hudf hY qy ipwCy Aus dI rsoeI ivwc kuVIaF cfh bxf ky pI jFdIaF hn. hr kuVI afpxy hlky dI dUjI sohxI kuVI vwl iesLfrf kr ky afKdI hY, ''q ies nfl ivafh ikAuN nhIN kr lYNdf?'' ies qrHF sfrIaF sohxIaF kuVIaF iek iek kr ky ivafhIaF jf rhIaF hn. jy Aus puwCo, ''q ivafh ikAuN nhIN krvfAuNdf?''

Auh afKdf hY, ''myry nfl GtnfvF nhIN, hfdsy hudy hn!'' ijnHF kuVIaF Aus ipafr kIqf jF qy Auh ivafhIaF hoeIaF sn jF ivafhIaF jfx vflIaF. Aus dI mnsLf ivwc aphuc dI Koj sI qy aijhI aphuc tIsI leI pRym df aq duKFq hI ho skdf sI. Aus df pihlf nftk 'kuafrI tIsI' (1943) Aus dy afpxy acyq mn df swcf pRgtfvf sI. Aus kdy guwsf nhIN afAuNdf brqn tuwt jfx, Gr ivwc corI ho jfvy, Aus dI pRyimkf DoKf dy jfey-Aus guwsf nhIN cVHdf. ijvyN ikqy Aus dy vjUd adr brP dI iswlI rwKI hudI hY qy jo Aus dy guwsy dy qfpmfn rokI rwKdI hY. Aus koeI gwl afKo Auh mn jfvygf. ''awj iezIaf gyt nhIN, loDI dy mkbry clFgy.'' Auh afKygf, ''awCf!''

Aus df bfvrcI khygf, ''sfhb kryly bfjLfr ivwc nhIN imldy! awj kwdU bxygf.''

gfrgI kwdU qoN sKq nPrq hY pr Auh muskrfeygf, ''awCf, awj kwdU bxf lY.'' Aus sLfm Auh rotI bfhr hotl ivwc Kf afvygf.

koeI kuVI Aus afKygI, ''qyrf Gr qF nrmihl dI srF eyN.eyQy koeI ipafr dI gwl ikvyN kr skdY? hr vyly koeI nf koeI lIzr jF lyKk Auqiraf rihdf hY.''

gfrgI Auqr dyvygf, ''q TIk afKdI eyN. ieQy ipafr dI gwl ikvyN ho skdI hY?''

DobI isLkfieq krygf, ''bfAU jI, quhfzI kmIjL df kflr bodf sI. klP lfAux nfl Pt igaf.''

gfrgI ijs ny huxy Cy nvIaF kmIjLF islvfeIaF hudIaF hn, DobI zFtx dI QF hfr mn leygf.

grmIaF dI dupihr jd Auh suwqf hovy, qusIN af Dmkdy ho qy Auh JjoV ky jgfAuNdy ho qy afKdy ho, ''bVI vDIaf iPlm lwgI aY- do lwCIaF. AuwT. q boldf ikAuN nhIN? rfq icrkf suwqf sI? cgf cgf, sON jf! mYN cldF. myry jgfAux qy nfrfjL qF nhIN?''

Auh afKygf, ''nhIN.''

qusIN socdy ho, ieh ikho ijhf afdmI hY? ies iksy gwl `qy rfjLI kr lE. ijDr mrjLI afvy, moV lE. lc-lcf ijhf, ijvyN swp dI kYNculI hudI hY. ijvyN jpfnI islk df mPlr hudf hY. ies dI rIVH dI hwzI gfieb hY. iksy gwl Auqy nhIN aVdf. iksy gwl Auqy ies dIaF awKF nhIN BKdIaF. ikho ijhf afdmI hY ieh! pr qusIN iksy idn Aus ieh afKo, ''Xfr awj GtIaf cfh pI lY.'' qF Auh cmk ky afKygf, ''Auwkf nhIN.''

qusIN jLrf ieh afK ky vyKo, ''cYKoP dy nftk bVy susq hn.mY psd nhIN.'' qF Auh sLfied quhf afK dyvy, ''inkl jfE myry Gr `coN.''

Xrp jf ky bhuqy lok sfihb bx jFdy hn. gfrgI Xrp dI Xfqrf ipwCoN bhuqf pjfbI bx igaf hY. Aus ny bhuq sfrIaF pjfbI gwlF bfhr jf ky iswKIaF. pRfcIn ssikRq nftk rUs dy rgmc Auqy dyKy. Brq munI df nt-sLfsqR lMzn bYT ky piVHaf. pjfbI ipzF dy lok-pihrfivaF qy rgF pYirs dy nvyN PYsLn dyK ky srfihaf. Auh klfiskI sgIq df afsLk hY.nvyN klf - BvnF, ajqf, aYlorf dIaF mUrqIaF qy smkflI lilq klfvF qoN cgI qrHF jfxU hY. aksr Aus dy Gr pjfb dy ipzF dy kvI, pYirs dy icwqrkfr, dwKxI Bfrq dIaF nrqkIaF, bgfl dy pRiswD aYktr aqy AurdU dy sfihqkfr afey rihdy hn. Aus df pihlf iesLk sgIq sI. pr Aus dI mF qbly vfjy dy iKlfP sI. Auh kD twp ky mrfsIaF dy Gr jf vVdf, ijQy 'nrF' qy 'swdI' mrfsx ZolkI Auqy gf rhIaF hudIaF. Aus dy kQn anusfr nrF dI afvfjL ieAuN sI ijvyN qyl ivwc rsI hoeI bsrI. Aus dI mF Aus jLbrdsqI DUh ky lY jFdI. Gr ivwc iek jg jfrI rhI: sgIq qy gflHF muwky. Aus sfihq nfl koeI lgfE nhIN sI. solF sfl dI Aumr ivwc Auh sgIq qoN pUrI qrHF qruz ilaf igaf qy Aus ny hfr mn leI. sfihq vwl qF Auhu aYvyN hI af igaf, ijvyN koeI afdmI dUjy QF ivafihaf jfvy. Auh bhuqy nftk qy khfxIaF AudoN ilKdf hY jdoN iksy dI AuzIk ivwc bYTf hovy. 'kuafrI tIsI' kuwlU dI vfdI ivwc iksy dI AuzIk ivwc bYiTaF iliKaf sI. 'lohf kuwt' df pihl aYkt murfdfbfd stysLn dy plyt Pfrm Auqy gwzI AuzIkidaF iliKaf sI. iesy qrHF 'pwqx dI byVI' vI iek kfhvf Kfny ivwc bYiTaF iliKaf igaf. afm qOr `qy lyKk iksy AuzIkidaF ibhbl ho jFdy hn qy kmry ivwc tihlx lgdy hn. gfrgI afpxI ibhblqf itkfAux leI ilKxf sLurU kr iddf hY.Auh BIV qy sLor ivwc bYT ky afrfm nfl ilK skdf hY.msln, rylvy stysLn, rYstorYNt ivwc jF ivhVy ivwc ijwQy qIvIaF crKy kwq rhIaF hox qy gwlF kr rhIaF hox.ieh sLor Aus dy mn dI ipRsLT BUmI Auqy iek rFglf icwqr vfh iddf hY. jy eykFq hovy qF Auh nhIN ilK skdf. Auh ies eykFq qy mukml KfmosLI qoN Gbrf ky bfhr dy rOly ivwc sLFqI ZUzdf hY.

bhuq Gwt lokF pqf hY ik kflj dy idnIN Auh kivqf vI ilKdf hudf sI. Aus ny lgpg iqn sO kivqfvF ilKIaF sn. ienHF ivwcoN pjfh cux ky Auh rfibdrf nfQ Tfkur kol lY igaf sI. bhuq icr qIk Auh ies gwl df PYslf nf kr sikaf ik AurdU ivwc ilKy jF agryjLI ivwc. Aus df eImfn hY ik lyKk jLbfn aqy sLbdF dy iBn-iBn rUpF Auqy pUrI muhfrq cfhIdI hY. ijvyN iek Gumfr igwlI imwtI moV ky jo sLkl cfhy dy dyvy, iesy qrHF iek lyKk vI afpxy mfiDam pUrI KuwlH nfl rd iCl sky qy Aus ivwc nvyN Bfv Aujfgr kr sky. Auh agryjLI qy AurdU ivwc ieh Gft mihsUs krdf sI. Aus pjfbI ivwc ilKxf iesy leI sLurU kIqf ik ies bolI ivwc Aus afpxf bcpn jIivaf sI qy glIaF dI DUV, rUVIaF dI bo, crHIaF qy ipwplF dI sugD mfxI sI.

jdoN Aus 'kuafrI tIsI', 'byyby' qy 'lohf kuwt' ilKy, AudoN qwk Aus koeI pjfbI pusqk nhIN sI pVHI. ies muafmly ivwc Auh iblkul anpVH sI. Aus ieh vI nhIN sI pqf ik BfeI vIr isG vI koeI kvI sI. AudoN dI vrqmfn pjfbI khfxI jF nftk dy pwDr df Aus koeI igafn nhIN sI. Aus dIaF kuJ khfxIaF CpIaF qy Auh lyKk bx igaf. ies ipwCoN Aus pjfbI pVHnI sLurU kIqI.nftkkfr vI Aus hflfq ny hI bxfieaf. afey sfl vwzy idnF ivwc pRIqngr nftk Kyzy jFdy sn. nOjvfn muzy, kuVIaF dy iek toly ny, jo pRIq ngr hI rihdf sI, iek nftk Kyzx dI slfh pkfeI. aYktr, aYktrsF hfjLr sn: rg mc vI sI. drsLk vI sn pr nftk nhIN sI. AunHF ivwcoN iek ny gfrgI ikhf ik Aus dI jLbfn bVI TyT pyNzU sI, Auh iksy agryjLI nftk df Jtpt qrjmf ikAuN nhIN kr iddf. afierlYNz dI pRiswD nftkkfr lyzI grYgrI dy nftk iqn GitaF ivwc Aus pjfbI rg ivwc Zfl idwqf - 'rfeI df phfV'. nftk Kyizaf igaf, kfmXfb irhf. ies ipwCoN hr koeI Aus afKdf, ''qyrI bolI bhuq suafdlI hY, nftk qF ilK dyh!'' ijvyN koeI afKy, ''qY qrnf afAuNdY, toBy ivwcoN sfzI gyNd qF kwZ dyh! ''pjfbI ivwc bhuqy lyKk nftk ilK ky drsLkF qy Kyzx vfilaF lwBdy hn. gfrgI pRIq ngr ivwc qy Aus dy ipwCoN vI Kyzx vfly qy inrdysLk lwBdy rhy hn. Aus dy ierd- igrd sdf hI aYktrF qy aYktrsF dI tolI rhI hY. aksr Auh afpxy nftk afp zfierYkt nhIN krdf. nft-klf qy nftk rg mc Auqy mUrqImfn krn Auh iek bhuq musLkl ksb mndf hY, ijs leI keI sflF dI sfDnf qy iswiKaf dI loV hY.

Auh ivckfrly myl df dusLmx hY jF Auh vDIaf hotl ivwc cfh pIvygf jF iksy Zfby `qy jF klfiskI sgIq suxygf jF pyNzU bolIaF. gwzI ivwc sPLr krn lwigaF vI Auh drimafny drjy ivwc bYyTx qoN prhyjL krdf hY.cfh, sgIq, sfihq-iqnF ivwc Auh ivckfrly myl Bzdf hY.Auh klm nfl nhIN, zFg nfl ilKdf hY.kfgjLF df vYrI hY. keI vfr iek sqr ivwc isrP cfr awKr hudy hn qy iek sPy Auqy msF Cy sqrF. kfgjL df dsqf kdy nhIN KrIddf, sdf irwm jF do irwm kfgjL muwl lYNdf hY. pihloN pihl jd Aus afpxI mF qy nfnI bfry lyK ilKy qF ienHF ivwc iek kOVI dlyrI sI. mF Aus rvfieqI 'mfqf jI' nhIN bxfieaf sgoN Aus ivwc iensfnI ipafr, nPrq, JUT qy ikqy ikqy kmIngI dI pfh dy ky Aus df iek ijAuNdf jfgdf pfqr pysL kIqf. Aus df XkIn hY ik jo cgf lyKk hY, Auh hr vyly ieh sfbq nhIN krdf ik mYN ikqnf swcf, dieafvfn qy inwGf mnuwK hF. Aus ivwc jurawq hovy ik Auh afpxy Koty qy kmjLor pihlUaF Auqy cfnxf sut sky qy dfsqovskI, gorkI, AunIl qy mto vFg ieh afK sky, ''Aus vyly myry ivwc kmIngI dI iek icxg jfgI. mYN PVHF mfrn lwgf. myry ivwc eIrKf dI awg blx lwgI.'' ihsfb krn qoN gfrgI zr lgdf hY. nOkr pYsy PVf idwqy, jdoN mwuk gey, hor dy idwqy. afpxy bYNk nfl, dukfndfr nfl, dosq nfl, DobI nfl kdy ihsfb nhIN krdf. isrP pbilsLr nfl ihsfb krdf hY qy mfmly kcihrI qIk lY jFdf hY. mflI qOr `qy Auh kfPI qg rihdf hY.ies kr ky nhIN ik Aus kol pYsy nhIN afAuNdy sgoN ies leI ik Aus Krcx dI ivAuNq nhIN. iek vfr Aus ikqoN pdrF ruipaF df mnIafrzr afieaf Auh Gr nhIN sI. zfkIaf muV igaf. pYisaF dI loV sI. Auh tYksI lY ky Aus dy mgr igaf qy keI QfvF qoN ho ky jd vwzy zfkKfny qoN Aus mnIafrzr vsUl kIqf qF tYksI dy bfrF rupey Cy afny bx cuwky sn.

 

 


seIad vfirs fh -blbIr isMG momI

          vfirs fh df jnm yKUpurf (hux pfiksqfn) qoN 8 mIl dUr lihMdy vwl ipMz jMizaflf yr KF ivKy iek seIad Grfxy dy kuqb fh dy Gr 1735 eI[ (1250 ihjrI) ivc hoieaf. ieh sFdl bfr dy ielfky ivc hY. ies dy lfgy hI hrn munfrf hY, ijwQy jhFgIr bfdfh ikfr Kyzx afieaf krdf sI aqy sRI nnkfxf sfihb vI eyQoN bhuqI dUr nhIN hY, ijwQy iswKF dy pihly gurU nfnk dyv jI df jnm hoieaf sI. ieiqhfsk pwKoN mhUr eysy ielfky ivc mhfrfxI ijMdF vI yKUpury dy iklHy ivc kYd rhI sI.  ieh ipMz akbr bfdfh dy AuWGy mulfmF ivcoN yr KF pTfn ny afbfd kIqf sI qy iehdf nF Es vyly yr kot sI pr sfbq huMdf ey ik eyQy pihlF koeI Qyh sI ijhVf jMizaflf nF nfl mhUr sI qy ivrk kOm ny afbfd kIqf sI. yr KF ny iek bfAulI vI bxvfeI sI ijs bfry ikhf jFdf hY ik ieh bfAulI 976 ihjrI ivc bxI ho skdI hY. iswKF dy or smyN eyQy mwjf isMG df kbf ho igaf sI. Auhdy bfad 1841 ibkrmI ivc mhF isMG ny ieh ksbf Pqh kr ky arUVf isMG kiVaflf jfgIr ivc dy idwqf sI qy Aus smyN ieh Cy bsqIaF dI iek bsqI bx ky jMizaflf mhUr ho igaf. ksby dI bhuqI vwsoN pTfxF dI hY.

  muwZlI qflIm vfirs fh ny afpxy eysy ipMz ivcoN eI hfsl kIqI aqy AuWcI qflIm dI lgn AuhnF ksUr lY geI, ijwQy mKdUm gulfm alI mhI-Aul-dIn ksUrI df Y jfrI sI. Es vyly lfhOr, mulqfn qy ksUr ivc eI vwzIaF drs gfhF sn. afp vI vfirs fh ny ikhf hY, "vfirs fh vsnIk jMizaflVy df qy figrd mKdUm ksUr df eI." vfirs ksUr, afpxI drsgfh aqy afpxy Ausqfd nfl bVf moh sI[ ies df prmfx ies lfeIn qoN imldf hY:

 "zyrf bKI df mfr ky luwt lIqf pfeI Pqh pTfn ksUr dy ny" "sfry mulk Krfb pMjfb ivcoN mY bVf aPsos ksUr df ey"

 vfirs fh afpxy jwdI ipMz jMizafly nfl vI bVf moh sI. eys moh df iek vwzf kfrn ieh vI sI ik Auhdy vwzy vzyiraF dIaF kbrF AuQy mOjUd sn. jMizafly dIaF bfAulIaF qy hor XfdgfrF vfirs fh dy BUq kfl dIaF infnIaF sn. eysy leI vfirs fh bVy XkIn aqy gOrv nfl afpxy ipMz bfry kihMdf hY:

 "aihmd fh aj gYb QIN afx pOsI rwb rwK jMizafly lYisaf vy" nF munsP seIad vfirs ivc jMizafly vwsy ijhVf yr KF gfI bDf sB ku EQy dwsy rwbf ro ikafmq qIk vsfeyN ihr jMizaflf kfeI afPq pvy nf Aus qy vwsy inwq suKflf

 Koj anusfr fh lqI BtfeI, scwl Drmq, bulHy fh qy vfirs fh df dOr ieko eI sI. ieh smF mul rfj dy vfl df smF sI aqy idwlI aqy afgry ivc Aus vyly mIr, ienf, juraq, mshI afid AurdU dy fier afpxf klfm rc rhy sn. AuhnF dI fierI dI buinafd frsI sI pr bhfdr pMjfbI vfirs fh dI fierI dI buinafd iehdy afpxy afly-duafly dy pMjfb dy lok, afpxy ruwK, afpxy pOdy, afpxy pMCI, afpxIaF rfhvF, afpxy rsmo irvfj, afpxf pMjfbI siBafcfr qy afpxy Kyq qy AuhnF ivc AuWgx vflIaF slF sn. afly duafly crn iPrn vfly pU, pMCI qy pMjfb df lok suBfa, lok ipMzf ijs bfry koeI vI kvI awj qIk vfirs dy mukfbly qy afpxf igafn py nhIN kr sikaf.

 vfirs fh afpxy dy nfl vI bhuq ipafr sI "kr gMj qy afx mukfm kIqf duwK drd pMjfb df dUr ey jI" vfirs fh ny BfvyN hIr dy ikwsy rfhIN hIr rihMdI dunIaf qIk amIr kr idwqf pr kul df lfAux vflI DI bfry vfirs fh ieh khY bYr nhIN rih sikaf:

 "vfirs fh ijhVI DI burI hovy, deIey roVH smuMdroN pfr mIaF" aqy

 "vfirs fh aih qrY eI JUT jfxo kOl jwt, suinafr, ksfeIaF df"

 vfirs fh afpxy aqy ipqf bfry ilKdf hY:

 "ibnF aml dy nhIN njfq qyrI ipaf mryNgf kuqb idaf byitaf Eey"

ksUr qoN qflIm hfsl krky vfirs fh pfkptn cly gey aqy AuQy hrq bfbf rId gMj kr horF dy afsqfny qoN rUhfnI PY pRfpq kIqf. ilKdy hn:

 "mOdUd df lfzlf pIr icqI kr gMj msAUd BrpUr hY jI"

  vfirs vfpsI qy TT jfhn ruk gey qy iek CotI ijhI msIq ivc zyrf lf ky dIn dI qflIm dyxI urU kr idwqI. eyQy Bfg BrI nF dI iek aOrq nfl ipafr ho igaf qy eys ipafr df pRiqkrm ieh hoieaf ik vfirs ny afpxy idl dI BVfs bfhr kwZx leI hIr rFJy dI kiQq khfxI df afsrf ilaf.

 qdoN Ok hoieaf ikwsf joVny df jdoN iek dI gwl ahfr hoeI jF qY Ok hY iqnHF df Bfg BrIey ijnHF zfcIaF bfr crfeIaF nI jF vfirs fh PkIr dI akl ikwQy ieh pwtIaF iek pVHfeIaF ny

 Bfg BrI df asl nF BfgvMqI sI. Auh ihMdU Grfxy nfl sMbMD rwKdI sI. ieh fndfn Zko aKvFdf sI. eys ihMdU fndfn ivcoN iek Grfxf muslmfn hoieaf sI jIhdI kuVI ivcoN iek bMdy dI Aumr sO sfl qoN vwD sI.

  vfirs fh hurIN pfkptn qoN ho ky qy Ausqfd slfm kr ky jMizaflf yr KF cly gey. AuhnF dy AuQoN cly jfx dy bfad BfgvMqI 9 vrHy ijAUNdI rhI. ieh nON sfl Aus fh horF dI Xfd ivc gufr idwqy ik acfnk iek idn Pjr dI nmf pVH ky bYTI sI qy rUh AuzfrU ho geI qy Auh agly jhfn awpV geI. ieh gwl 1180-90 ihjrI dI hY, ijs vyly iek dI ieh gwl afm ho geI. fh sfihb mlkf hFs cly gey qy Ausy QF ikwsf hIr dI ikqfb pUrI kIqI. ieh sdf bhfr fhkfr 1761 eI[ (1181 ihjrI) df dwisaf jFdf hY.

 ikqfb pUrI kr ky afp afpxy Ausqfd dI iKdmq ivc hfr hoey. ikwsy dI uhrq pihlF eI AuQy awpV geI sI. mKdUm sfihb ny nfrfgI dI rON ivc ikhf,

"vfrs qUM myrI imhnq aYvyN eI guafeI. bulHy fh pVHfieaf, Auhny sfrMgI PVH leI. qY pVHfieaf, qUM hIr bxf idwqI". Pyr hukm idwqf ik hIr dy kuJ iar suxf qy vfirs fh ny iar suxfieaf:

 ieh rUh klbUq df ikr sfrf nfl akl dy myl mlfieaf eI vfrs fh mIaF lokF kmilaF ikwsf joV ky Ub suxfieaf eI

ieh sux ky Ausqfd horF Purmfieaf:

 "qUM muMj dI rwsI ivc moqI pRo idwqy ny"

eys bfry iek hor rvfieq vI ey ik iek mjfI df ieh rMg vyK ky Ausqfd horF dy sIny ivc awg df BFbV mwc AuWiTaf qy AuhnF hukm idwqf, "myry isr qy pfxI pfE qF jy awg mwDm hovy". keI rvfieqF anusfr vfirs fh iek lVkI Cwz ky 1223 ihjrI ivc surgvfs hoey pr ies df koeI Tos sbUq nhIN imldf.  dmodr anusfr hIr qy rFJf mwky vwl cly gey pr vfirs anusfr hIr ihr dy idwqf igaf qy Auh mr geI, ijvyN:-

 hIr jfn bhwk qslIm hoeI isaflF dn kr Kq ilKfieaf eI

aihmd kvI ny vI iehI iliKaf hY ik hIr qy rFJf hwj krn leI cly gey sn:

izTy hfjIaF mwky dy rfh iqMny rFJf hIr qy nfl eI mJ bUrI rFJf rfh vKFvdf hfjIaF hIr vMzdI lMgr dy ivc cUrI

 TwTf jF ipMz dI BfgBrI nfl vfirs fh dIaF awKF lV geIaF sn pr Pwt Kf ky AuQoN nwsxf ipaf qy afpxy PwtF qy Phy DridaF vfirs fh ny hIr rFJy df ikwsf ilK idwqf:

 vfrs fh ny ijQy ikqy Bfg BrI afiKaf ey, AuQy ieho duaf ikqI ey ik qUM BfgF vflI eyN

1892 eIy ivc jmFbMdI anusfr vfirs fh dy mfr df kuwl rkbf 5 knfl qy 16 mrly sI ijhVf 1905 eI dI jmHFbMdI ivc Gt ky 3 knfl 2 mrly rih igaf hY. vfirs fh df nF bqOr iek pMjfbI lyKk/fier dy rihMdI dunIaf qIk iMdf rhygf. Bfrq dI vMz qoN bfad aMimRqf pRIqm dI kivqf

 "awj afKF vfirs fh ikqy kbrF ivcoN bol"

ny vfirs dy nF hor vI amr kIqf hY.

 

sMpfdkI not:- 30 agsq, 2009 nUM kYnyzIan pMjfbI swQ vwloN blbIr isMG momI nUM AuhnF dIaF Aumr Br dIaF pMjfbI sfihqk syvfvF bdly "seIad vfirs fh" avfrz nfl snmfnq kIqf igaf.

 

hux qwk KLbrnfmf dI vYWb sfeIt nUM pfTk vyK cuwky hn

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