www.khabarnama.com  {Punjabi Newspaper Khabarnama Toronto} email: editor@khabarnama.com 


 

ਅਖ਼ਬਾਰ ਪੜ੍ਹਨ ਲਈ ਪੰਜਾਬੀ  ਫਾਂਟ ਇੱਥੋਂ ਡਾਊਂਨਲੋਡ ਕਰ

 

 

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amrIkf dI pRDfngI cox: buwsL ky kYrI?

 

          amrIkf dI pRDfngI cox agly hPLqy 2 nvMbr idn mMglvfr nMU hY aqy sLONkI ies hPLqy ies bfry kuJ jLrUr pfTkF nfl sFJf krnf chuMdf hY. sLONkI dy agly kflm qwk  ies ‘Gsmfx’ dI cox df nqIjLf sfhmxy af cuwkf hovygf. sLONkI ies nMU ‘Gsmfx’ dI cox ies krky afK irhf hY ikAuNik ajy qwk dovF AumIdvfrF dy isMg ies qrFH Psy hoey hn ik srvyKx iksy nMU ijwqdf jF hfrdf dwsx dI hflq ivwc nhIN hn. iksy cox srvyKx ivwc jnfb buwsL do nukiqaF nfl awgy huMdy aqy iksy ivwc jnfb kYrI zyZ ku nfl awgy ho jFdy hn.

          muwK twkr BfvyN iehnF do AumIdvfrF ivwc hI hY pr 1-2% votF BMnx Xog iewk qIjf ajLfd kYNzIzyt vI mYdfn ivwc hY jo ik ruisaf hoieaf zYmokrYt dwisaf jFdf hY aqy sYnytr kYrI nMU nuksfn phuMcf skdf hY. amrIkf df isafsI ZFcf do rfjsI pfrtIaF vflf hY AuNJ BfvyN koeI nvIN rfsjI pfrtI KVI krn `qy koeI pfbMDI nhIN hY pr rfjsI hflfq aYsy hn ik iksy qIjy dy kdy pYr hI nhIN lwgy. mjUdf pRDfn jfrj zbilXU buwsL dI pfrtI df nfm rIpbilkn hY ijs nMU vDyry amIr aqy vwzIaF kMpnIaF pwKI smiJaf jFdf hY. sYnytr jfn kYrI zYmokrYitk pfrtI dy AumIdvfr hn aqy ieh pfrtI QohVI ijhI kfimaF pwKI igxI jFdI hY. iDafn nfl vyiKaF dovF pfrtIaF ivwc aYvyN AuNnIH iewkI df hI Prk jfpdf hY.

          sfl 2000 dIaF coxF ivwc jfrj zbilXU buwsL isrP Ploirzf sUby dIaF 500 ku sO vwD votF nfl vfeIt hfAUs dy mflk bxy sn aqy Auh vI keI vfr votF dI vfr vfr adflqI igxqI qoN bfad. AuhnF dy ivroDI AumIdvfr al-gor afKr ivwc BfvyN hfr hI gey sn pr kul vot dy ilhfjL nfl Auh jyqU rhy sn. amrIkf dy rfsLtrpqI dI cox asl ivwc bhuq hI jtl ZMg nfl huMdI hY. vyKx nMU BfvyN amrIkf df hr sLihrI rfsLtrpqI dI cox leI afpxI afpxI vot pfAuNdf hY pr hr iksy dy vot dI kImq Aus sUby dI kImq muqfibk pYNdI hY ijs df Auh vsnIk huMdf hY.

          amrIkf dy hr sUby nMU Aus ‘eIlYktrol kflj’ dIaF pwkIaF sItF pihlF hI alft hn jo asl ivwc amrIkf dy rfsLtrpqI dI cox krdf hY. ijs sUby `coN mjfirtI (50%+1) votF ijs AumIdvfr nMU pY jfx Aus nMU Aus sUby dIaF sfrIaF ‘eIlYktrol kflj’ dIaF sItF iml jFdIaF hn. aqy aMq ivwc ‘eIlYktrol kflj’ `c bhu-sMmqI nfl rfsLtrpqI bxdf hY. sfl 2000 ivwc 500 ku sO votF dy Prk nfl Ploirzf sUby dIaF ‘eIlYktrol kflj’ dIaF sItF jfrj buwsL dy Kfqy pY geIaF sn ijs nfl Auh rfsLtrpqI bx igaf.

          amrIkf ivwc vot prcI aqy ies nMU vrqx df ZMg vI hr sUby ivwc ajy vwKrf vwKrf hY iewQoN qwk ik hr sUby dI hr kfAUNtI ivwc vI vwKrf vwKrf ho skdf hY. Ploirzf dy ivvfdgRsq ielfky ivwc ies vfr votF ‘eIlYktrfink’ ivDI nfl pfeIaF geIaf hn. sfl 2000 ivwc kuJ kFAUtIaF ivwc hjLfrF votF ies leI rwd krnIaF peIaF sn ikAuNik ieh votF vot prcI ivwc pMc nfl morI krky pfeIaF geIaF sn aqy keI vfr prcI ivwc morI qF ho jFdI hY pr morI vflf gol kfgjL df tukVf prcI qoN alwg ho ky prFH nhIN sI izwgdf. Ploirzf ivwc morI dy ies ax-tuwty tukVy nMU ‘cfz’ afKdy hn aqy aKIr `qy ieh 500 ku sO ‘cfz’ hI sI ijs ny al-gor qoN pRDfngI dI kursI rusf idwqI sI. ies vfr cox dy idn qoN pihlF hI Ploirzf ivwc 60 hjLfr ajyhIaf votF dy gMum ho jfx dIaF KbrF af rhIaF hn jo zfk rfhIN ByjIaF geIaF sn.

          dunIaF Br ivwc amrIkf dIaF dovF rfjsI pfrtIaF ivwcoN rIpbilkn pfrtI nMU vwD ‘jMgbfjL’ mMinaF jFdf hY. sbwb nfl amrIkf dy bhuqy POjI Psfd ies pfrtI dy rfjkfl ivwc hI sLrU hoey dwsy jFdy hn. ieh sLfied sbwb hI sI ik sfl 2000 nvMbr ivwc msF hI cox ijwq ky 2001 dy sLrU ivwc rfsLtrpqI dI kursI `qy ibrfjx qoN bfad amrIkf nMU al-kfiedf dy vrlz tryz sYNtr `qy Gfqk hmly df sfhmxf krnf ipaf sI. ies hmly ny amrIkf dI hflq jLKLmI hoey sLyr vflI kr idwqI sI aqy idnF ivwc hI buwsL ny aPLgfinsqfn ivwc bYTy al-kfiedf afgU Esfmf ibn lfidn nMU ksUrvfr dws ky hmlf krn dIaF iqafrIaF afrMB kr idwqIaF sn.

          dunIaF Br dy dysLF ny iewk muwT ho ky amrIkf dy aPLgfinsqfn `qy hmly df smrQn kIqf sI pr pRDfn buwsL dI ies nfl  qswlI nhIN sI hoeI. dunIaF dy rokx - tokx dI pRvfh nf kridaF buwsL ny sdfm husyn nMU gwdIAuN lfhux vfsqy ierfk `qy hmlf kr idwqf sI qy bhfnf mfrU hiQafrF df lfieaf sI awj ierfk `qy kfbjLf hox qoN zyZ sfl bIq jfx `qy vI ikqoN lwB nhIN sky.

          amrIkf dy hux qwk 1100 dy krIb POjI ierfk ivwc mr cuwky hn qy 10,000 dy krIb jLKLmI ho cuwky hn. amrIkf ny zyZ lwK POjI aqy hjLfrF isvlIan ierfk ivwc ibTfey hoey hn. amrIkn hmly kfrn ierfk df sfrf qfxf-bfxf hI AulJ igaf hY qy kdy Dfrimk qOr `qy AudfrvfdI igxy jFdy ierfkI awj ielfimk kwtVvfdIaF vwl Aulfr ho rhy hn. dunIaF vfsqy ierfk “swp dy mUMh ivwc kohV ikrlI” bxdf jf irhf hY. jy amrIkf ijwqdf hY qF ‘Dwky’ dI ijwq huMdI hY aqy jy amrIkf hfrdf hY qF ieslfimk kwtvvfd dI ijwq huMdI hY.

          amrIkf ny 9 aprYl 2003 ivwc bgdfd `qy ijwq df aYlfn qF jLrUr kr idwqf sI pr ajy qwk ierfk dy XuwD ivwc ijwq hfr df PYslf hoieaf nhIN lgdf.  ierfkI bfgIaF vwloN hr rojL do drjn qwk hmly amrIkf aqy amrIkf dy smrQkF dy iKlfPL ho rhy hn. ies swB kuJ df asr dunIaF dy lokmwq aqy dunIaF dI afriQkqf `qy ho irhf hY. amrIkf df afpxf lokmwq qy ariQkqf vI ies qoN pRBfvq ho rhI hY.

          coxF qoN sfl-Cy mhIny pihlF qwk bhuq lok ies mwq dy sn ik buwsL ierfk XuwD ivwc ho rhy amrIkn nuksfn kfrn cox hfr jfvygf pr ierfk qoN af rhy bfzI-bYgF dI “Gwt” igxqI aqy amrIkn lokF ivwc hfhfkfr df kfrn nhIN bx skI. TIk Esy qrF ijs qrFH vIaqnfm lVfeI kfrn hoieaf sI. kuJ mfhrF df iKafl hY ik inAUXfrk dy al kfiedf hmly kfrn, POjIaF dIaF 1000 ku mOqF ‘jLKLmI hoieaf sLyr’ brdfsLq kr skdf hY eysy kfrn iehnF coxF ivwc amrIkn mOqF Ezf vwzf muwdf nhIN bx skIaF.

          jy muwdf bixaF hY qF ies XuwD kfrn dunIaF ivwc amrIkf df iekwlf rih jfxf aqy XuwD `qy ho rhy Krcy kfrn vD irhf bjt Gftf jLrUr iksy hwd qwk muwdf mixaF hY. dunIaF Br dy dysLF ivwc buwsL nfloN jfn kYrI df smrQn ikqy vwD hY. kuJ srvyKxf muqfibk kYnyzf ivwc 65 qoN 70% knyzIan kYrI dy hwk ivwc dwsy jFdy hn. pr ijhnF dIaF votF ny ieh PYslf krnf hY Auh ajy vI 50-50 dwsy jFdy hn.

          jfrj buwsL dIaF POjI nIqIaF qoN dunIaF nf KusL hY hI pr iDafn nfl vyKIey qF buwsL dIaF afriQk nIqIaF vI dunIaF leI sLuB nhIN hn. ierfk `qy hmly kfrn amrIkf ny ierfk dy qyl dy KUhF `qy afrjLI kbjLf qF jLrUr kr ilaf hY pr gurIlf XuwD kfrn qyl dI splfeI ivwc ivGn ipaf hY ijs nfl qyl dIaF kImqF vDIaF hn jo dunIaF dI afriQkqf nMU JMjoV rhIaF hn.

          sfbkf rfsLtrpqI kilMtn dy afKrI sfl ivwc amrIkf dy slfnf bjt ivwc 127 iblIan amrIkn zflr df vfDf (srpls) sI jo hux buwsL dy vyly slfnf 413 iblIan zflr Gfty (zYPysYWt) ivwc bdl igaf hY. ies nfl amrIkf dy zflr dI kImq izwgI hY aqy ivafjL dr vD rhy hn. vD rhy ivafjL dr hr dysL dI afriQkqf ivwc vfDy dI dr nMU Gtf dyxgy.

          jfrj buwsL ny amrIkf ivwc vwzIaF kMpnIaF nMU tYks CotF idwqIaF hn ijs nfl amrIkf dI srkfrI afmdn GtI hY qy bjt Gftf viDaf hY qy ies dy nfl hI grIbF leI syvfvF ivwc ktOqI hoeI hY. zYmokrYitk AumIdvfr jfnH kYrI ny ieh swB kuJ bdl dyx dy vfady kIqy hn. ierfk `coN jldI surKrU ho ky inklxf, dunIaF dI slfh nfl cwlxf, amIrF `qy tYks vDfAuxf qy grIbF leI ishq qy ividaf syvfvF vDfAuxf Aus dy cox mYnIPYsto `qy hn.

          AuDr qyl aqy hiQafr bnfAux vflIaF kMpnIaF vwloN idwqy cox PMzF nfl mflf mfl hoeI buwsL kMpyn tIm zYmokrytF dy hmilaF nMU  pCfVn ivwc ajy qwk kfmXfb ho rhI hY. amrIkn votrF dy mMn df Byd qF 2 nvMbr nMU hI pqf lwgygf pr sLONkI dI ‘hvfeI’ vot jfrj buwsL dy iKlfPL hY.

          ieDr cMdrI sLONkx dI gwl vwKrI hY, Aus df nf buwsL nfl koeI lgfE jF nPLrq hY aqy nf kYrI nfl. Aus df ipafrf knyzIan zflr kImq ivwc lgfqfr vDI jf irhf hY ijs nfl hr knyzIan zflr leI ieMzIan krMsI dI ZyrI vDI jFdI hY qy shurI hor amIr huMdI mihsUs kr ky kwCF vjf rhI hY.

-sLONkI ieMglYNzIaf

hux qwk KLbrnfmf dI vYWb sfeIt nUM pfTk vyK cuwky hn

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