www.khabarnama.com  {Punjabi Newspaper Khabarnama Toronto} email: editor@khabarnama.com 


 

ਅਖ਼ਬਾਰ ਪੜ੍ਹਨ ਲਈ ਪੰਜਾਬੀ  ਫਾਂਟ ਇੱਥੋਂ ਡਾਊਂਨਲੋਡ ਕਰ

 

 

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torFto dy pMjfbI BfeIcfry leI huJikaF BrpUr irhf bIiqaf hPLqf!

 

          ivvfd aksr AuWTdy qy bYTdy rihMdy hn pr bIqy hPLqf jF ds ku idn torFto dy pMjfbI BfeIcfry vfsqy sDfrn idn nhIN sn. iehnF idnF ivwc keI ajyhIaF Gtnfvf vfprIaF hn jo  sLONkI socdY ik ijLkrXog aqy Xfd rwKxXog hn.

          sLONkI iehnF idnF ivwc vfprIaF GtnfvF nMU hlky hlky hrIkyn smJdY. amrIkf dy lok hrIkyn kYtrInf nMU nhIN Buwl skdy ijs ny bIqy sfl amrIkf dy pwCmI qwt `qy BfrI qbfhI mcfeI sI aqy amrIkf df nvIn iksm df inAU ErlIn sLihr, iksy grIb dysL dy ksby vrgf bxf idwqf sI. hrIkyn aksr smuMdr ivwc pYdf huMdf hY aqy jd DrqI qy mfr krdf hY qF qbfhI mcf idMdf hY. hrIkyn ivwc pYdf hoeIaF guMmxGyrI vflIaF hvfvF dI rPLqfr svf sO qoN ZfeI sO iklo mItr qwk dI rPLqfr dI huMdI hY aqy ies df Gyrf keI vfr 1000 iklo mItr jF ies qoN vI vwD ho jFdf hY.

          cIn aqy jpfn dy smuMdrI qwtF `qy vI aksr hrIkyn afAuNdy hn pr Aus iKqy ivwc hrIkyn nMU qfiePUn df nfm idwqf jFdf hY. Bfrq aqy bMglf dysL keI vfr bMgl dI KfVI ivwc pYdf hoey ajyhy quPLfnF df isLkfr huMdy hn pr AuWQy ies nMU smuMdrI qUPLfn afK ky sfr ilaf jFdf hY. ikAUbf, hYtI, mYksIko aqy amrIkf dy dwKxI qwt nMU ies hPLqy dOrn vI iek hrIkyn df sfhmxf krnf ipaf hY ijs nMU hrkyn arnYsto df nfm idwqf igaf sI.

          jo bIqy hPLqf ds idnF ivwc torFto dy pMjfbI BfeIcfry Kfs kr iswK BfeIcfry ivwc vfpiraf hY Es nMU hrIkyn jF qfiePUn afKxf bhuqf TIk nhIN hovygf ikAuNik hvfvF dI rPLqfr eynI qyjL nhIN sI. hrIkyn qoN CotI kudrqI afPLq df nfm trnyzo dwisaf jFdf hY. trnyzo nMU pMjfbI ivwc vwzf vfvrolf afiKaf jf skdf hY jo GrF dIaF CwqF, trwk, jhfjL aqy kfrF Aultf jFdf hY. kxk dI vfZI dy idnF ivwc inky moty vfvroly qF dysL ivwc aksr afAuNdy rihMdy hn pr jy kdy kdfeIN ajyhf vwzf vfvrolf af jfvy qF ies nMU idE jF BUqF vflf vfvrolf afiKaf jFdf hY.

          jo bIqy hPLqf ds idnF ivwc torFto dy pMjfbI BfeIcfry ivwc vfpiraf hY Aus nMU trnyzo afKxf vI bhuqf jfiejL nhIN hovygf ikAuNik ies nfl plitaf kuJ nhIN igaf isrPL kuJ lokF nMU hlky qoN Bfry huJky hI lwgy hn.

          sLONkI nMU lkVI dy phIaF vfly gwzy dy huJky kdy nhIN Buwl skdy. sLONkI dy bfby kol do hwty kwty Joty sn jo aksr lkVI dy phIaF vfly gwzy nMU joVy jFdy sn. bhuqy lok ies gwzy nMU gwzI jF ryVHI hI afiKaf krdy sn. kwcI aqy cflHy qy lIhF peI ipMz dI sVHk `qy jd sLONkI dy bfby dy Joty lkVI dy phIaF vfly gwzy nMU iKwcdy sn qF aksr jwt vFg ijwd ivwc afey awgy nMU Gwt qy pfisaF nUM vwD DUihaf krdy sn. guwsy ivwc afieaf sLONkI df bfbf jd qUq df zFg vrgf sotf bUry Joty dy mOrF ivwc mfiraf krdf sI qF jo huJky lgdy qF Auh sLONkI nMU awj qwk 60 sfl bfad vI nhIN Buwldy.

          afpxI ijMdgI ivwc sLONkI ny huJky tfierF vflI ryVHI dy vI vyKy qy sfiekl dy zMzy `qy bYT ky vI huJikaF df KUb anMd mfixaF. jd sLONkI ny pihlI vfr sfeIkl KrIidaf qF sLONkx nMU nfl lY ky shuiraF dy ipMz nMU cflf pf ilaf. Auh sLONkI dy jvfnI dy idn sn qy nvF sfeIkl iksy BfgF vfly kol hI huMdf sI. sLONkI dy bfby ny sfeIkl vI Bfrq dI nfmbrYNz kMpnI aYtls df lY ky idwqf sI qy sLONkI sfeIkl vyK vyK PulI jFdf sI. ipwCy sfeIkl dy kYrIar `qy sLONkI ny kwpiVaF vflI gTVI bhfny leI bMn ky sLONkx nMU zMzy `qy bhf ilaf sI. ijMnf suafd sLONkI ny sLONkx nMU aYtls sfeIkl dy zMzy `qy bhf ky  ilaf sI Enf hux kdy mrszIjL kfr `qy bYT ky vI nhIN afieaf. cohl-mohl kridaF pqf vI nhIN sI lwgf ik kd shuiraF df ipMz af igaf sI. nihry nihr pfey sfeIkl `qy lwgy huJikaF kfrn sLONkx agly idn vwKIaF ivwc drd dI sLkfieq krdI rhI sI.

          sfeIkl qoN bfad sLONkI ny  afpxy qfey dy PrgUsn trYktr dy mzgfrz `qy bYT ky vI keI vfr huJikaF df afnMd mfixaF. smyN dy nfl nfl huJikaF df rUp-rMg vI bldf irhf pr huJky lwgxoN hty kdy nhIN. jd sLONkI pihlI vfr hvfeI jhfjL `qy svfr ho ky kYnyzf rPUjI bnx vfsqy afieaf qF rsqy ivwc iek vfr qF jhfjL ny sLONkI dy bfby dy lwkVI dy phIaF vfly gwzy aqy bUry Joty nMU Xfdf krvf idwqf sI.  ieMglYNz qoN kYnyzf vwl AuzfrI Brn qoN GMtf ku bfad smuMdr `qy Auzdf hoieaf birtsL eyarvyjL df jMbo jYWt jhfjL ksUqy ijhy huJky mfrn lwg ipaf sI qy pfielt ny suafrIaF nMU  sIt bYltF lgfAux aqy itk ky bYTx df hukm dy idwqf sI. pfielt ny hvfeI huJikaF df kfrn “trbUlYNs” dwisaf sI ijs dI smJ sLONkI nMU hux keI sfl bafd af ky lwgI hY. Es smyN sLONkI socdf sI ik sLfied jhfjL bwdlF nfl trfa ky huJky mfrdf sI pr hux pqf lwgf hY ik AuprlIaF hvfvF dI qyjLI jF vfvroly iehnF huJikaF df kfrn bxdy hn ijs nMU aMgryjLI ivwc “trbUlYNs” afiKaf jFdf hY.

          bIqy hPLqy ku Br dy huJikaF ivwc pihlf huJkf “mirXfdf” dI kiQq AulMGxf kfrn gurU nfnk imsLn BfeI lflo gurdvfrf sfihb qoN kuJ swjxF vwloN sRI gRMQ sfihb dy iqMn srUp cwk ley jfx kfrn lwgf. ies dI crcf iek vfr qF bhuq jLor PV geI sI aqy ies Gtnf nMU ies qrF bxf ky pysL kIqf igaf sI ijs qrf koeI bhuq vwzI AulMGxf ho rhI hovy pr jd msly dI qih qwk jgfieaf igaf qF gwl ivcoN kuJ vI nf inklI aqy sbMDq gurdvfrf sfihb dy pRbMDkF ny iPr pRkfsL kr ilaf aqy gwl afeI geI ho geI. ieh kMnsoa vI peI hY ik kuJ aMdrilaF ny hI iksy Kfs mksd nfl ieh mfmlf KVf kIqf sI.

          dUjf huJkf Es smyN lwgf jd ieh gwl bfhr afeI ik izksI gurdvfrf sfihb ivwc 135 Puwt df lgfieaf igaf insLfn sfihb iewk dI QF 6 KMizaF vflf sI. guridafl mMzI dy qihlkf pRogrfm ivwc ies df crcf hox qoN bfad pRbMDkF ny afpxI glqI suDfridaF cup cfp 6 KMizaF vflf insLfn sfihb Auqfr ky rvfieq muqfibk iewk KMzy vflf insLfn sfihb lgf idwqf. iksy hor hmfqV qoN ajyhI kuqfhI ho jFdI qF pqf nhIN ikMnIaF pysLIaF pY jfxIaF sn qy dysL ivdysL dy pMjfbI mIzIey ivwc bxIaF bxfeIaF ieko klm dIaF rportF keI vwKry nfvF hyT cypIaF jfxIaF sn qy ieh Kbr huJkf nf rih ky hrIkyn bxf idwqI jfxI sI. kMnsoaF ieh vI sunx nMU imlIaF hn ik pRbMDkI DVy dy 11 mYNbrI borz ivwc 6 zrYktr hn aqy eysy kfrn hI lfhy gey insLfn sfihb `qy 6 KMzy sn AuNj ies ivwc bhuqf dm nhIN lgdf. aslIaq kI sI ieh qF pRbMDk hI jfxdy hoxgy pr kI Auh sMgq nMU kdy ies df aslI kfrn dwsxgy? aqy kI kdy ies kuqfhI leI KuwlI muafPLI mMgxgy Kfs kr jwQydfr akfl qKLq sfihb dI itwpxI dI rOsLnI ivwc.

          qIjf huJkf jo sLONkI ny rIkfrz kIqf hY Auh rumfilaF dy sfVHn df kFz hY ijs nMU Dfrimk qOr `qy shI grdfnx vfsqy “agnByNt” afiKaf jFdf hY. bIqy hPqy dOrfn izksI gurdvfrf sfihb dIaF grFAuNzF ivwc hjLrF nvyN nkor rumfly ies leI agnByNt krny pey ikAuNik AuhnF nMU iksy vrqON  ivwc nhIN ilaFdf jf skdf aqy sMgq hr sfl hjLfrF dI igxqI ivwc rumly ByNt krI jf rhI hY. suixaF hY ik rumfilaF dy keI trwk sfVy jf cuky hn aqy do ku trwk Bry KVy hn ijhnF nMU ies leI sfiVaf nhIN jf sikaf ikAuNik inkl irhf gUhVf kflf DUMaF iksy ny vyK ilaf sI qy Pfier brgyz nMU swd ilaf sI.

          hux gUhVf kflf DUMaF hI lY lE kI ieh vfqfvrx vfsqy cMgf hY? vfqfvrx qF pihlF hI pRdUsLq ho cuwkf hY aqy hux sMgq dI sLrDf iek pfsy qF DMn dI brbfdI kr rhI hY aqy dUjy pfsy “mfqf Drq” nMU pRdUsLq krI jf rhI hY. sMgq vDIaf qoN vDIaf aqy mihMgy rumly ByNt krdI hY aqy keI qF bhuq mihMgy iksm dy nklI kwpVy qoN bxy huMdy hn aqy auhnF `qy iqwlf afid lwigaf huMdf hY. ajyhy nklI PYbirk nMU qrF qrF dy kYmIkl vrq ky bxfieaf jFdf hY aqy iehnF nMU sfVn nfl jLrUr jLihrIlI iksm df DUMaf pYdf huMdf hovygf. DMn dI brbfdI aqy vfqfvrx nMU asLuD krnf dovyN hI Dfrimk qOr `qy pRvfn nhIN hn.

          kihMdy hn ik rumfilaF dI vrqoN koeI iensfn afpxf srIr Zwkx vfsqy ies leI nhIN kr skdf ikAuNik ieh gurU dy rumfly hn aqy ml-mUqr dy srIr nfl lwgx nfl rumfilaF dI byadbI ho jfvygI. ies qrk nMU sux ky sLONkI duibDf ivwc pY igaf hY aqy sLONkI dy idmfg nMU bhuq huJky lwg rhy hn. gurU nMU Bog lwgf pRsLfd, lMgr aqy jl-pfxI qF ies ml-mUqr dy srIr dI vrqoN ivwc af skdf hY pr gurU dy aMg lwgf kwpVf nhIN af skdf. hY koeI jo ies duibDf nMU dUr kr skdf hovy? AuNJ asIN ieh dfhvf krnf kdy nhIN Buwldy ik iswKI iek nvIn aqy ivigafnk Drm hY. rhI gwl rumfilaF `qy ilKI gurbfxI aqy gurUaF dIaF qsvIrF dI, Auh rumfilaF `qy hn hI ikAuN? mUrqI pUjf mnfH hY pr rumfilaF `qy gurUaF dIaF qsvIrF hn! kI rumfly sfdy aqy sfPL kwpVy dy nhIN ho skdy? kI rumfly dubfrf vrqoN ivwc nhIN ilaFdy jf skdy? aimMRq vfsqy qF hux sLuD gMnf aqy sLuD pqfsy iqafr krn dIaF gwlF ho rhIaF hn pr kI jpfn ivwc pYdf ho irhf nklI PYbirk aqy rsfiexF dy bx rhy rumfly pivwqr hn? jy sMgq ajyhy rumfly KrIdxy bMd kr dyvy qF PYktrIaF afpy bxfAuxy bMd kr dyxgIaF.

          aglf huJkf ijs df sLONkI ijLkr krnf cfhygf Auh sI pMjfbI ivrsf zya vflf huJkf ijs kfrn sYNkVy lok hYlIkptr dI muPLq rfeIz vfsqy Btkdy rhy aqy vwzy skrIn `qy 3 GMty dI cMn pRdysI iPlm dI QF aPLrIkf dy jMglI jfnvr vyK ky buVbVfAuNdy rhy. “lokF nMU pqf hI nhIN lwigaf sfzf hYlIkptr qF eyDr sI lok sI aYn eI vfly hYlIkptr vwl GuMmdy rhy” dy dfavy bfad ivwc pRbMDkF ny kIqy pr pihlF koeI jfxkfrI dyx dI QF mOn DfrI rwiKaf. bws dwisaf qF ieho hI ik itktF muk cwlIaF Ptf Pt lY lE, kImqF vD cwlIaF Ptf Pt lY lE, ieh muPLq qy Auh vI muPLq imlygf qy kdy hYlIkptr iewk aqy kdy do df pRbMD ho igaf. kdy hYlIkptr iqMn sItf vflf aqy kdy 6 vflf ho igaf aYlfinaF jFdf sI.

          jy pRbMDk afp nhIN sn dws skdy qF Gwto Gwt sLONkI vrgy bjLurg dI izAUtI lgf idMdy ik “sfzf” hYlIkptr PlfxI jgfH `qy KVf hovygf aqy muPLq rfeIz dy cfhvfn AuWQy af jfx. bhuq rfeIzF muPLq df rOlf qF pfieaf igaf pr sfPL lPLjLF ivwc kdy ieh nf dwisaf igaf ik sI aYn eI dIaF rfeIzF df ies itkt nfl koeI vfsqf nhIN hY.

          minstr bhuq phuMc rhy sn, iemIgrysLn mMqrI jI af rhy sn, vIjLy AuhnF gfiekF nMU dvfey aqy DMnvfd vI kIqf igaf pr mMqrI jI nf afey. KLjLfnf mMqrI ijm PlhrtI jI dy phuMcx dI kMnsoa vI peI sI pr puwjy Auh vI nf jy puijaf qF pRDfn mMqrI jI df sunyhF jLrUr puwijaf ijs nMU suixaF iksy ny nhIN ikAuNik lok 25 zflr Krc ky pRDfn mMqrI df sunyhF sunx nhIN sn gey Auh qF gfiekI sunx gey sn.

          mMqrI jI nhIN puwjy ieh koeI vwzI gwl nhIN hY aksr keI mMqrI keI vfr nhIN phuMcdy. vwzI glqI pRbMDkF ny ieh afK ky kr mfrI ik puwjxf qF pRDfn mMqrI hfrpr jI ny afp sI pr sikAurtI kfrnf kr ky nhIN puwjy. kmfl hY pRDfn mMqrI hfrpr jI qF  torFto ivwc hoeI eyzjL kfnPrMs `qy nf puwjy jo bhuq mhwqvpUrn sI qy quhfzy ikvyN af jFdy? rhI gwl sikAurtI dI jy dysL df pRDfn mMqrI EntyrIE plys sikAurtI kfrnF kr ky nhIN  af sikaf qF Auh jx pUrIaF pfvygf. afpxy dysL ivwc aqy Auh vI sLfqIpUrn dysL ivwc pRDfn mMqrI nMU sikAurtI df iPkr hY qF iPr Auh dysL ikvyN clfvygf? kI iewQy koeI dihsLqvfd dI muihMm cwl rhI hY jF drsLkF ivwc ajyhy aMsr sn ijhnF qoN pRDfn mMqrI nMU KLqrf sI? aPLgfinsqfn ivwc vrdIaF golIaF aqy bMbF ivwc jf afAux vflf pRDfn mMqrI EntyrIE plys ivwc sikAurtI kfrnF kr ky nhIN af sikaf ieh sux ky sONkI df hwsx nMU icwq krdf hY. hY koeI ijs dy mn nMU ieh qrk shI lgdf hovy? mMqrI qF nf afey ies df swB nMU pqf hY pr afieaf swqfDfrI pfrtI df koeI aYm pI nhIN. hF torIaF dy hfry hoey kuJ aYm pI jLrUr iPrdy vyKy gey. jy afey qF dI ilbrl aYm pI jLrUr afey aqy gurbKLsL mwlI smyN dI njLfkq pCfx ky ZMg nfl cuwp cfp hfjLrI lgf ky cldy bxy qy kfbU ivcfrI bIbI rUbI Zwlf af geI jo myly dI iqafrI ivwc vDIaf zrYs pf ky afeI sI. bIbI nfl jo kihr df Bfxf vfpiraf Auh lokIN sux cuwky hn ieh vwKrI gwl hY ik AuhnF nMU pVHn nMU ies bfry bhuq kuJ nhIN  imilaf. rOly-rwpy kfrn pRogrfm zyZ do GMty pihlF hI bMd krnf ipaf aqy ies rOly-rwpy vfsqy pRbMDkF ny iek aqy isrPL iewk kfly rMg dy ivakqI nMU ijLmyvfr dwisaf hY. dfavy kIqy gey hn ik sikAurtI df bhuq ieMqjLfm sI pr kI sikAurtI iek kfly rMg dy ivakqI nMU sMBflx jogI vI nhIN sI? bhuq qfkqvr sI ieh kfly rMg df ivakqI ijs ny sikAUrtI dy sfry ivafpk pRbMD Pyhl kr idwqy. jLrUr hI pRDfn mMqrI dI sikAurtI nMU ies kfly rMg dy ivakqI dI hfjLrI df agfAUN pqf lwg igaf hovygf ijs kfrn sRI hfrpr hfjLr nhIN ho sky.

          ierfn nMU ies smyN  amrIkf qoN BfrI KLqrf bixaF hoieaf hY ijs ivwc ieh qfkqvr kfly rMg df ivakqI ierfn dy bhuq kMm af skdf hY. hY koeI jo dovF iDrF nMU imlf dyvy qy kimsLn vI coKf kmf lvy? sLONkI ny ivrsf zya bhq kfmXfb irhf dy dfavy suxy hn. krfAUz iekwTf krn aqy gfiek hfjLr krn ivwc kfmXfbI jLrUr imlI hY pr drsLkF dI sMqusLtI dy mmfly ivwc huJky hI pwly pey hn.

                -sLONkI ieMglYNzIaf

 


aMdrUnI Dfrimk ivvfdF dy hwl vfsqy kfrgr sfDn kwd aqy ikvyN qlfsL kIqy jfxgy?

 

          bMdf vfdF aqy ivvfdF df puqlf hY ies leI ivvfdF qoN nf qF Bwijaf jf skdf hY aqy nf hI iehnF nMU awKoN pRoKy kIqf jf skdf hY. hr iensfn dy mn aMdr keI iksm dy ivcfr lgfqfr GuMmdy rihMdy hn jo aksr afpf-ivroDI huMdy hn. hr pRIvfr, hr smfj, hr Drm aqy hr dysL ivwc keI keI ivvfd aksr nflo nfl cldy rihMdy hn. jd qwk kuJ Buldy hn jF hwl ho jFdy hn qF keI hor jnm lY lYNdy hn aqy ies qrF ieh islislf cldf rihMdf hY, muZ kdIm qoN cldf irhf hY aqy cldf rhygf.

          sLONkI dy afpxy sfZy ku iqMn mYNbrI pRIvfr ivwc afey idn hor nhIN qF svyr, duiphr jF sLfm dy Kfxy vfsqy dfl-sbjLI df ivvfd KV jFdf hY. sLONkI sLfm nMU jLrf kuJ msflydfr Kfx df sLOkIn hY pr msflydfr vsqU cMdrI sLONkx nMU hfrt-brn krdI hY ijs qoN ivvfd KV jFdf hY. jd kdy sLONkI iksy cMgy myjbfn dy Gr Kfxy `qy igaf hovy jF iksy prI-pfrtI `qy igaf hovy qF sLONkI dy afpxy aMdr hI mhFBfrq sLurU ho jFdI hY. sLONkI myjbfn dI tybl `qy peI hr vsqU hI rwj ky CkxI cfhuMdf hY aqy ieh PYslf nhIN kr skdf ik ikhVI pihlF CkI jfvy aqy ikMnI ku CkI jfvy. sLONkI pkOVy cuwkx lwgf vI vDIaf pkOVy nMU hwQ pfAuNdf hY qy mtn-murgy dy pIs vI icmty nfl Aulwd plwd ky vyKdf hY aqy iPr prK ky vDIaf afpxI plyt ivwc rwKdf hY.  afpxI plyt ivcoN Kfdf hoieaf sLONkI cor njLr nfl, nfl bYTy swjxF dIaF plytF vwl Jfkdf rihMdf hY mqF koeI hor vDIaf pdfrQ Ck irhf hovy qy sLONkI nMU pqf hI nf lwgy. aMdrUnI ivvfdF ivwc iGiraf sLONkI keI vfr eynf Kf lYNdf hY ik iPr kfr ivwc bYTxf aOKf ho jFdf hY. quMn ky Bry pyt nfl aOKf hoieaf sLONkI jd kfr dIaF cfbIaF sLONkx nMU PVfAuNdf hY qF nvF ivvfd sLurU ho jFdf hY. sLONkx Gwt Kfx dIaF nsIaqF ieMJ dyx dyx lwg pYNdI hY ijvyN sLONkI koeI 8-10 sfl df bwcf hovy. “Kfxf muPLq df sI qF pyt qF afpxf sI” df nhorf sux ky sLONkI df cldI kfr ivwcoN Cfl mfrn nMU icq krn lwg pYNdf hY pr mjbUrI vws swB kuJ sux ky hjLm krnf hI pYNdf hY.

          ivvfd mnuwKI jIvn df hr pl ihwsf bxy rihMdy hn ies leI ivvfdF dy hwl vfsqy ZukvyN “mYkfinjLm” (qOr qrIky) GVy hoey hoxy cfhIdy hn. ivvfd nuksfn vI Es smyN hI krdy hn jd iehnF dy hl vfsqy pRvfxq aqy ZukvyN mYkfinjLmF dI axhoNd huMdI hY jF koeI iDr sMjIdf nhIN huMdI. iehI kfrn hY ik awj ivvfdF dy hwl (kMnPilkt rYjLlUsLn) `qy bhuq jLor idwqf jFdf hY. jy awj ivvfdF dy hwl vfsqy ZukvyN mYkfinjLm hox aqy sbMDq iDrF sMjIdf hox qF dunIaF ivwcoN dihsLqvfd rfqo rfq Kqm ho jfvy. dunIaF mhfqmf gFDI nMU eysy leI mhfn mMndI hY ikAuNik AuhnF   gulfmI dy ivvfd nMU aihMsk rUp ivwc hwl krn df rfh apxfieaf sI. dysL ajLfdI cfhuMdf sI pr aMgryjL Bfrq `qy rfj krnf afpxf hwk smJdf sI aqy ieh vI kihMdf sI ik BfrqI afpxy afp `qy rfj krn dy Xog hI nhIN hn. brqfnvIN pRDfn mMqrI crcl qF ieh bhuq vfr afK idMdf sI aqy mhfqmf gFDI nMU “awDf nMgf PkIr” (hfP nykz PkIr) afKdf huMdf sI. gulfmI dy ivvfd dy hwl vfsqy aihMsk lihr df  lfB ieh sI ik ies nfl nf koeI nvF ivvfd pYdf huMdf sI aqy nf hI koeI iksy df vwzf nuksfn huMdf sI ijvyN awj hiQafrbMd lihrF kfrn ho irhf hY.

          iswKF aMdr awj keI iksm dy ivvfd cwl rhy hn. ajy kuJ ku hPLqy pihlF hI akfl qKLq sfihb dy sLqfbdI smfgmF mOky kOx bolygf jF nhIN bolygf dy ivvfd kfrn iswK afgU gurU gRMQ sfihb aqy pMj qKLqF dy jQydfrF dy sfhmxy pwgo-lwQI ho ky hty hn. ieh ivvfd ivdysLF qwk vI awpiVaf hY aqy iswK afps ivwc bihsdy vyKy gey hn. iksy leI mfn TIk sI aqy iksy leI bfdl jF hor akflI TIk sn.

          hux ivvfd “dsm gRMQ df ilKfrI kOx” df cwl irhf hY. ikqfb “dsm gRMQ df ilKfrI kOx” df lyKk jsibMdr isMG dubeI, afpxI aVI `qy aiVaf hoieaf hY aqy Aus dy ivroDI afpxI aVI `qy.  jsibMdr isMG dubeI, pMj jwQydfrF nMU tuc nhIN jfxdf aqy Aus dy ivroDI Aus dI pMQ KfrjI leI jQydfrF `qy dbfE pf rhy hn. Dfrimk ilKqF `qy bihs hovy jF nf, jy hovy qF kYsI hovy, qYa krn vfsqy koeI ZukvF mYkyinjLm nf hox kfrn ies iksm dy keI ivvfd hor vI pYdf huMdy rihxgy. ijhnF vfsqy kwtVpMQI jQydfr rxjIq isMG srbAuWc sI AuhnF leI awj df jWQydfr kuJ vI nhIN hY. jQydfr bdilaf qF kuJ lokF leI adfry dI mhwqqf hI bdl geI. kfrn jwQydfr dI soc aqy AuhnF dI soc df ivvfd hY.

          sLONkI ies mhIny dy sLurU ivwc iewk gurdvfrf sfihb dy lMgr hfl ivwc kMD nfl pey duwD dy KflI mUhdy mfry kryt `qy bYTf lMgr df afnMd mfx irhf sI. syvfdfr isMG ny do kVCy KIr dy ajy sLONkI dI QflI ivwc pfey hI sn ik lMgr hfl dy dUjy isry dgV dgV hox lwg peI. Kuwly dfhVy aqy ptydfr gfqry vfly  qihsL ivwc afey kuJ isMG dy drsLn kr ky sLONkI leI KIr df cmcf aMdr lMGfAuxf aOKf ho igaf sI. iehnF isMG ny iek 35 ku sfl df gBrU Zfihaf hoieaf sI  qy iehnF dI sLbdfvlI vI ZukvIN nhIN sI. sONkI ny soicaf ik jLrUr ies nOjvfn ny lMgr hfl ivwc koeI kuqfhI kIqI hovygI ijs kfrn ieh isMG qYsL ivwc afey hoey sn. bhuqf zr sLONkI nMU afpxy hyT pey duwD dy mUhdy mfry KflI kryt kfrn sI. sLONkI ny soicaf ik jy ieh isMG “rxjIq isMGIey” hoey qF iPr sLONkI dI sLfmq afeI ky afeI. sLONkI ny iek hwQ KIr vflI QflI nMU pfieaf hoieaf sI aqy dUjf qwpV `qy rwK ky hyTF nMU iKskx dI koisLsL kr irhf sI jd nMU nfl bYTf swjx sLONkI df qOKlf smJ igaf aqy Aus ny sLONkI nMU arfm nfl itikaf rihx leI afiKaf. ies swjx ny sLONkI dy Kfny pfeI ik ivvfd lMgr dI mirXfdf df nhIN hY ieh qF gurdvfry  dI pRbMDkI DVybfjLI kfrn KVkf dVkf ho irhf hY. ieh sux ky sLONkI dy sfh ivwc sfh afieaf aqy awD ivcfly ruikaf hoieaf KIr df cmcf hyTF nMU Auqrnf sLurU hoieaf.  kuJ imMtF ivwc hI iksy dI bulfeI puils vI gurdvfrf sfihb ivwc af geI pr iek pMjfbI puils vfly dI bdOlq mfVI motI KYr-swlf puwC ky muV geI. suixaF hY ik ijs ivcfry nMU ivvfdIaF vwloN Zfihaf igaf sI Auh dysL ivwc pwkf nhIN sI ijs kfrn puils dy afAux `qy Auh ivcfrf afpxy bcfE vfsqy iKsk igaf sI.

          kMnPilkt rYjLlUsLn dy ZukvyN mYkfinjLm nf hox kfrn hI keI vfr Drm asQfnF `qy puils juqIaF smyq dgV dgV kr ky af vVHdI hY. keI vfr qF pRbMDk ivvfd dy BKx qoN zrdy afp hI puils swd lYNdy hn. ajy huxy ijhy hI iek Drm asQfn dI jnrl bfzI mIitMg puils dI hfjLrI ivwc ho ky htI hY. iek DVy nfl ivvfd ajy adflq ivwc cwl irhf hY ik hux dUjy DVy dy do bx gey hn qy nvF ivvfd sLurU vI ho igaf hY.

          ies hPLqy torFto dy iswK BfeIcfry ivwc iek hor nvF ivvfd KV igaf hY ijs nMU sLONkI mirXfdf df ivvfd afKygf. gurU nfnk imsLn BfeI lflo gurdvfrf sfihb brYNptn ivcoN kuJ isMG iqMn srUp ieh afK ky cuwk ky lY gey sn ik mirXfdf BMg ho rhI hY aqy sPLfeI df TIk pRbMD nhIN hY. ieh isMG afpxy afp nMU isMG hI afKdy hn  jF iehnF nMU isMG hI afiKaf jFdf hY ijs nfl sLONkI dy mn ivwc nvF ivvfd KVf ho igaf hY ky isMG kOx hY? sOkIn isMG nfm hox kfrn isMG qF sONkI vI hY aqy sONkI vrgy lwKF hor isMG dunIaF ivwc hn. jy isMG aMimRqDfrI nMU hI mMinaF jfvy qF vI aMimRqDfrIaF dI igxqI hjLfrF ivwc hY. aMimRq CkfAux vfly isMG vI hux qF coKI igxqI ivwc hn qF iPr ieh “isMG” afpxy afp nMU ivsLysL qOr `qy isMG ikAuN dwsdy hn jF mIzIaf iehnF nMU ivsLysL qOr `qy isMG ikAuN afKdf hY ieh gwl sLONkI dy Kfny ivwc nhIN pY skI. afs hY ik mIzIafkfr jF buwDIjIvI ies `qy cfnxf jLrUr pfAuxgy.

          isMGF vwloN iqMn srUp cwuk ley jfx qoN bafd gurdvfrf sfihb dy pRbMDkF ny hor srUp ilaf ky pRkfsL kr idwqf hY ijs nfl ieh ivvfd kI moV kwtygf ieh afKxf hux aOKf ho igaf hY. afm lokF ivwc crcf bhuq iksm dI hor rhI hY. vIrvfr sLfm nMU sONkI iek gurUGr sLfm dy dIvfn mOky igaf hoieaf sI qF lMgr hfl dI kMD nfl pey kryt `qy bYTf kuJ swjxF dI cuMJ jrcf sunx lwg ipaf. iek swjx df kihxf sI ik “isMGF” ny iek sLrq ieh rwKI hY ik grurdvfrf sfihb ivwc iesLnfn df pRbMD cfhIdf qF ik srIrk ikRaf qoN qoN bfad gRMQI isMG iesLnfn kr ky hI qfibaf bYTx. dUjy swjx df qrk sI ik ijwQy iesLnfbn df pUrf pRbMD hY kI AuWQy gRMQI isMG hr vfr srIrk ikRaf qoN bafd iesLnfn kr ky qfibaf bYTdy hn? qrk bhuq vjLndfr sI ik iesLnfn Gr qF bxfieaf jf skdf pr hr vfr iesLnfn krvfAux dI grMtI nhIN idwqI jf skdI.

          iek nfl hI bYTy swjx ny pyp gurdvfrf sfihb dI iek bhuq purfxI khfxI suxfeI jd iek rfgI isMG pMjfb qoN mMgvfieaf igaf sI. ieh isMG iesLnfn krn qoN bhuq kqrfieaf krdf sI aqy svyry svyry vfsLrUm jf ky QUh-Qfh bhuq AuWcI AuWcI kiraf krdf sI qF ik sunx vfly swjx smJ jfx ik rfgI isMG iesLnfn kr irhf hY. iek idn jd gurdvfrf sfihb  df gRMQI vfsLrUm ivwc igaf qF rfgI isMG df sukxf pfieaf kiChrf iblkul suwkf hoieaf sI. rfgI isMG kfhlI ivwc ies nMU igwlf krnf Buwl igaf sI. jd gRMQI isMG ny iesLnfn bfry puwiCaf qF rfgI isMG ny ikhf mYN qF svyry hI iesLnfn kr ilaf hY. jd gRMQI isMG ny suky tMgy hoey kiChry bfry puiCaf qF rfgI isMG ny afiKaf lE jI iewQy hItF lwgIaF hoeIaF hn qy kiChrf sukx nMU ikhVf tYm lgdf hY.

                    iek swjx dfd kihxf sI ik pMjfbI mIzIakfr bhuqI awg lgfAuNdy hn aqy bfq df bqMgV bxf ky pysL krdy hn. iek dMBI mIzIafkfr jo grIbF aqy mjbUrF dy nfm `qy mfieaf iekwTI kr ky keI vfr hVwp igaf hY ies ivvfd bfry lokF nMU bhuq isiKafvF idMdf suixaF igaf. ieh dMBI mirXfdf dI isiKaf ieMJ idMdf sI ijvyN afp mirXfdf pRsLoqm rfm hovy.

          iek hor Gonmon mIzIafkfr mirXfdf dy mfmly `qy  mwgrmwC hMJU sutdf hoieaf ieh isiKaf idMdf suixaF igaf ik sRI grMQ sfihb leI bxfieaf igaf kmrf bfkI Gr nfloN iek kroV guxf vDIaf hoxf cfhIdf hY. pr ies Gonmon ny ieh nhIN dwisaf ik  iek kroV guxf vDiaf kmrf bxfAux vfsqy iblizMg mtIrIal iks iksm df vriqaf jfvy. sLfied ivwc Gonmon swjx nMU sony qoN vwD kImqI iksy Dfq df pqf hovygf jo kmry nMU iek kroV guxf vDiaf bxfAux leI vrqI jf skdI hovygI. sLONkI ny iksy dy mUMhoNN vI gurbfxI dy sMdysL `qy aml krn dI gwl nhIN suxI. ieh gwl XkInI bxfeI jfxI cfhIdI hY ik hr Drm gRMQ df pUrf siqkfr kIqf jfvy pr Gr qoN iek kroV guxf vDIaf bxfAux vflI gwl sLONkI dy Kfny nhIN peI. ieh gwl afKx df lihjLf sMkyqk vI nhIN sI sgoN lokF nMU lFbU lgfAux vflf sI jo ieh mIzIafkfr vDIaf ZMg nfl krn df afdI ho igaf hY. lokF nMU isiKaf dyx vflf ieh sKLsL afp dirMidaF vFg hwzIaF crUMzdf afm vyiKaf jf skdf hY.

          sLONkI ny iek vfr spirMgzyl ivwc iksy bfby dy mfmly ivwc mirXfdf df ivvfd suixaF sI jo iek clfk mIziafkfr ny sLurU kIqf sI aqy iPr kfvF dI pMcfieq dy hwQ af igaf sI. kfvF rOlI Es smyN bhuq peI sI aqy DmkIaF qy altImytm vI keI idwqy gey sn. jd sbMDq swjx df pUrn mirXfdf aqy siqkfr df vfadf vI ivvfd df hwl nhIN sI kr sikaf qF Aus ny puils df drbfjLf jf KVkfieaf sI. puils df nfm suxdy sfr hI KrUdI mIzIafkfr qy AuhnF dy mirXdf pRsLoqm smfj suDfrk aflop ho gey sn.

          do ku vryH pihlF iek pfrtI hfl ivwc ho rhy ivafh dy bfhr kuJ mirXfdf dy nfm `qy mujLfhrf vI krn gey sn aqy gRMQI zrdy mfry afey hI nhIN sn. pirvfr ny DmkIaF dI pRvfh nf krdy hoey lfvF afpy hI pVH leIaF sn. iek hor Gtnf mOky lfvF mOky kuJ lok sRI gRMQ sfihb aqy pfTIaF nMU afpxI kfr ivwc nfrQ Xfrk gurdvfrf sfihb Cwz afAux df vfadf kr ky lY afey sn pr lY iksy hor gurdvfrf sfihb gey sn. ieh srUp AuhnF nfrQ Xfrk awj qwk nhIN Byijaf aqy nf hI mfieaf bfry dwisaf hY. svfl pYdf huMdf hY ik nfrQ Xfrk gurdvfrf sfihb qoN afieaf srUp iksy hor gurdvfrf sfihb Cwz afAux nfl Prk kI ipaf? jy srUp nfrQ Xfrk gurdvfrf sfihb vfps Byj idwqf jFdf aqy nfl hI pfrtI hfl Byjx dI bynqI kr idwqI jFdI qF kI kuqfhI ho jfxI sI. hYrfnI ies gwloN vI huMdI hY ik jo lok sRI gRMQ sfihb nMU hor pfrtI hflF ivwc mirXfdf df bhfnf lgf ky rokdy hn Auh hI zfAUn tfAUn ngr kIrqn mOky bYtrilivMg sYNtr dy pfrtI hfl nMU Do ky pivqr kr lYx df dfavf krdy hn. hornf vfsqy bFs dI zFg vFg vrqI jFdI mirXfdf AuhnF dy afpxy vfsqy lckdfr ho jFdI hY.

          Xfd rwKx vflI gwl ieh hY ik mirXfdf qF ajy qwk pMj qKLqF dI vI iek nhIN ho skI qF hor ikqy iek ikvyN ho jfvygI? mirXfdf nMU ieko pYmfny nfl imixaF jf skdf hY aqy Auh pYmfnf hY siqkfr df. siqkfr sfrIaF mirXfdfvF qoN AuWqy hY ikAuNik siqkfr mn dIaF BfvnfvF ivcoN pYdf huMdf hY iksy zr-BYa jF bMDn ivcoN nhIN.

          gurdvfrf nfnk imsLn BfeI lflo dy mfmly ivwc agr kuJ swjxf nMU sPLfeI dI Gft njLr af rhI sI jF mirXfdf lfgU krn vfsqy Auh gurdvfrf sfihb dI sYWtap vfsqy kuJ cMgI adlf-bdlI cfhuMdy sn qF ies vfsqy ivvfd rihq rsqf vI cuixaF jf skdf sI. jy gurdvfry kol sfDnF dI Gft kfrn sPLfeI jF hor vsqUaF dI Gft sI qF sbMDq swjx iehnF GftF nMU dUr krn vfsqy mdd df hwQ vI vDf skdy sn aqy BfeIcfry nMU vI mdd dI apIl kr skdy sn.

          bldI `qy qyl pfAux df kMm krn vfly mIzIafkfr jo bhuq vwzy dfnI hox dy dfavy krdy hn qy smfj syvk hox df Brm pflI bYTy hn AuhnF vfsqy ies gurdvfrf sfihb dy tRylr hom nMU sfPL krvfAuxf ikMnf ku musLkl sI? Auh qF hspqflF dIaF vwzIaF vwzIaf iemrqF KVIaF krn dy dfavy aksr krdy suxy jFdy hn.  mIzIey nMU afm lokF nMU guMmrfh krn aqy kwtVqf dy pRcfr qoN guryj krnf cfhIdf hY. kwtVqf qF pihlF hI smuwcy sMsfr nMU vKq pfeI bYTI hY. aMdrUnI Dfrimk ivvfdF dy hwl vfsqy kfrgr sfDn kd aqy ikvyN qlfsL kIqy jfxgy ies bfry iswK BfeIcfry nMU iPkrmMd hoxf cfhIdf hY. AulJy hoey ivvfd smuwcy BfeIcfry dI qsvIr DuMdlI krdy hn qy bdnfmI df kfrn bxdy hn.

-sLONkI ieMglYNzIaf

 


AuBr rhy Bfrq nMU gMBIr cxOqIaF df sfhmxf!

 

          sLONkI dy Bfrq vrsL ny bIqy mMglvfr 15 agsq nMU ajLfdI dy 59 sfl pUry kr ky 60vyN ivwc pYr rwiKaf hY. mugl kfl qoN Bfrq ivwc rfjsI qfkq df icMnH smJy jFdy lfl ikly `qy Bfrq dy pRDfn mMqrI ny iqrMgf lihrfieaf hY. ies vfr ieh mfx iPr iek aYsy iswK nMU pRfpq hoieaf hY ijs dI kfblIaq aqy iemfndfrI df  dunIaF lohf mMndI hY. afsmfnI rMg dI pgVI vflf zfktr mnmohn isMG Bfrq dI afriQkqf nMU qrwkI dy rfh pfAux dfd bfnI mMinaF jFdf hY. nrismf rfE dy rfjkfl ivwc Bfrq dI jMgflI jf cuwkI afriQkqf nMU nivafAux df kMm, KLjLfnf mMqrI dy qOr `qy sLurU krn vflf mnmohx isMG awj dysL dI cotI dI kursI `qy ibrfjmfn hY aqy dysL vfsIaF nMU zfktr mnmohx isMG qoN hor bhuq afsF hn.

          bIiqaf dhfkf Bfrq vfsqy bhuq BfgsLflI sfbq hoieaf hY. dysL ny ies dhfky ivwc CVwpymfr qrwkI kIqI hY. qkrIbn hr afriQk Kyqr ivwc hI Bfrq ny nvF rMg ivKfieaf hY. GMitaF bwDI ikVikV kr ky musLkl nfl nfl imlx vfly post afiPs dy purfxy PonF dI QF hux irksLf clfkF dy sYWl PonF ny lY leI hY. Pon kfl vfsqy srkfrI bfbUaF dIaF imMnqF df dOr pUrI qrF KLqm ho igaf hY qy hux Pon dyx vflIaF kMpnIaF afp gfhkF dIaF imnqF krdIaF iPrdIaF hn.

          nvIn tYknOlOjI aqy ieMzstrIal Kyqr ny sLlfGfXog qrwkI kIqI hY aqy bIqy vrHy ieMzstrIal Kyqr df psfr 11% irhf dwisaf igaf hY jo ik dunIaF  Br ivwc mUhrlI kqfr ivwc hY. smUhk rUp ivwc dysL dI afrIQkqf 8% slfnf dI rPLqfr nfl vD rhI hY.

          afriQk qrwkI dy nfl Bfrq ny rfjsI Kyqr ivwc vI kfblyqfrIP qrwkI kIqI hY. Bfrq dI jmhUrIaq ny bIqy zyZ ku dhfky ivwc ijs gihrfeI aqy szOlqf df aihsfs dunIaF nMU krvfieaf hY Aus dI dunIaF qfrIPL kr rhI hY. ajLfdI qoN bfad nihrU-gFDI pirvfr df glbf dysL `qy lgfqfr rfjIv gFDI dI qfiml dihsLqgrdF hwQoN hoeI hwiqaf qwk bixaF irhf sI. rfjIv gFDI dI hwiqaf qoN bfad lgfqfr rfj kdI af rhI kFgrs pfrtI bhuq kmjLor ho geI aqy Bfrq ivwc kyNdr ivwc kulIsLn srkfrF df dOr sLurU hoieaf. kuJ lok ies nMU asLuB sLgn mMndy sn ikAuNik ies nfl rfjsI asiQrqf df aihsfs huMdf sI. nrismf rfE dI srkfr pihlI aYsI Gwt igxqI srkfr sI ijs ny aOKy sOKy afpxy 5 sfl pUry kr ley sn. qfkq ivwc rihx vfsqy nrismf rfE nMU sMsdF dI KrIdo-ProKq vI krnI peI sI. iPr mOkf imilaf Bfjpf aqy atwl ibhfrI vfjpfeI nMU. pihlI swty jnfb vfjpfeI pRDfn mMqrI vjoN sUMh cuwk ky msF 12-13 idn pRDfn mMqrI rhy aqy dUjy vfr  ieh rfjklfl 12-13 mhIny cwilaf. qIjI vfr zyZ drjn pfrtIaF dI imlgoBf srkfr jnfb vfjpfeI ny zfZy ku sfl clf ky ivKf idwqI. smyN qoN keI mhIny pihlF coxf krvf ky jnfb vfjpfeI qF hfr gey pr Bfrq df jmhUrI injfm iehnF coxf ivwc ijwq igaf. vfjpfeI vwloN sihXogI pfrtIaF dy slfh-msLvry nfl srkfr clfAux dI pfeI iprq pwkI ho geI aqy awj zfktr mnmohx isMG ies nMU hor awgy qor rhy hn.

          mjOrtI (bhumwq) srkfrF dy dOr ivcoN inkl ky zyZ zyZ drjn pfrtIaF dIaF kulIsLn srkfrF sPLlqf nfl clfAux iewk vwzI pRfpqI qoN Gwt nhIN hY aqy Auh vI Bfrq vrgy ajy grIb igxy jFdy dysL ivwc ijwQy awjy vI anpVH bhu-igxqI ivwc hn. kulIsLn srkfrF df dOr Bfrq dy vwK vwK iKiqaF vfsqy “qfkq Bogx” df dOr sfbq hoieaf. hr CotI vwzI KyqrI rfjsI pfrtI nMU ies dOr ivwc mhwqqf pRfpq hoeI.

          BfrqI jmhUrIaq ny Aus smyN iek hor vwzI pulFG puwtI jd Bfrq dy rfjsI sIn `qy bhu-igxqI BfeIcfry aqy Gwt igxqIaF ivkfr qfkq df qvfjLun pUrI qrF GwtigxqIaF dy pUrI hwk ivwc ho gujLiraf. ies qbdIlI vfsqy koeI golI nhIN cwlI aqy koeI KUn-Krfbf nhIN hoieaf, dysL vfsIaF ny vot pRcI df PYslf ies qrF qslIm kr ilaf ijs qrf hr rojL svyr dy sUrj aqy rfq dy hnyry nMU qslIm kr ilaf jFdf hY.

          awj Bfrq dI cotI dI rfjsI qfkq dI kursI (hYWz afPL gvrnmYNt) `qy iewk gur iswK ibrfjmfn hY aqy hYWz afPL styt (rfsLtrpqI) dI kursI `qy iek kfbl muslmfn ibrfjmfn hY. bhuq sfry lok aksr ieh iglLf krdy hn ik zfktr mnmohx isMG pRDfn mMqrI jLrUr hn pr rfj qF ipwCy bYTI bIbI sonIaF gFDI hI kr rhI hY. sLONkI Kud vI ies iglLy ivwc QoVHf bhuqf BfeIvfl irhf hY. sLONkI ies mwq df hY ik bIbI zfktr isMG dIaF qxIaF jLrUrI iKwcdI rihMdI hY pr nfl hI sLONkI nMU XkIn hY ik ijs idn bIbI ny jLrUrq qoN vwD iKwc pfeI qF srdfr mnmohx isMG kursI nMU lwq mfr ky pfsy ho jfxgy aqy bIbI ies qoN BlIBFq vfkPL hY. srdfr mnmohx isMG kursI nfl cMbVy rihx vflI sKLsLIaq nhIN hn Auh qF asUl nfl bwJy hoey afdmI hn. Jlwdf Jwldf dbfE pfAux df qF sLfied bIbI nMU kuJ hwk hY ikAuNik Auh iek qF kFgrs dI pRDfn hY aqy dUjf nihrU-gFDI Kfndfn dI bhu hY. pRDfn vI bIbI jI-hjUrIaF dI bx cuwkI kFgrs pfrtI dI hY ijs ivwc kwdvfr afgU hux lwBxf musLkl hY hr pfsy jI-hjUrIaF dI hI Brmfr icKfeI idMdI hY.

          sLOkI socdY ik jy ieh mN vI ilaf jfvy ik bIbI srdfr mnmox isMG dIaF hr rojL qxIaF iKwcdI hY qF vI ieh Bfrq dy Gwt igxqI eIsfeI BfeIcfry dy hwk ivwc jFdf hY. Gwt igxqI eIsfeI aqy ivdysLI jMmpl bIbI sonIaF Bfrq dI awj pRDfn mMqrI aqy rfsLtrpqI qoN bfad qIjI qfkq bxI hoeI hY. rfjsI Kyqr ivcoN bfhr ingHf mfrIey qF aj dy Bfrq dIaF POjF df jrnYl jnrl jy jy isMG hY. dunIaF dI qIjI-cOQI vwzI POj df jrnYl hox df mfx pRfpq hoxf koeI CotI pRfpqI nhIN hY.

          kul imlf ky Bfrq df jmhUrI ZFcf bIqy zyZ dhfky dOrfn hor mjLbUq aqy jyqU ho ky inkilaf hY. afAuNdy smyN ivwc rfjsI qbdIlIaF huMdIaF rihxgIaF aqy vwK vwK BfeIcfry rfjsI qfkq df afnMd mfxdy rihxgy pr iek gwl XkIn mnfl afKI jf skdI hY ik ieh swB kuJ Bfrq ivwc hux swiBak aqy sMivDfnk ZMg nfl hI hovygf. jmhUrIaq dI ijs lIh `qy Bfrq pY cuwkf hY Auh bhuq mjLbUq hY.

          Bfrq dy ajLfdI idn mOky dysL dy nfl nfl ivdysFL ivwc vwsdy BfrqIaF ny vI ies idn jsLn mnfey hn. torFto ivwc vI ies idn nfl sbMDq keI smfgm hoey hn aqy keI agly kuJ idnF ivwc hox jf rhy hn. nPLrq dI lUqI lfAux vfilaF dI BfvyN ajy koeI kmI nhIN hY pr hflfq hux bhuq bdl cuwky hn. kwl qwk BFrq dy ivroD ivwc KVy keI swjx hux moVf kwt ky Bfrq mfqf dI god df afnMd mfnx lwg pey hn. Bfrq ivroDI lwCydfr BfsLx JfVn vfly keI swjx hux hr sfl hI Bfrq CuwtIaF kwtx jFdy hn qy vwK vwK rfjsI rMg dy BfrqI afgUaF dI mihmfn invfjI df afnMd mfxdy hn. jo swjx awj vI icwty idn dy swc nMU mMnx leI iqafr nhIN hn AuhnF nMU vI cfhIdf hY ik afpxy aMdr JfqI mfrn aqy afpxI jnm BUmI qoN bymwuK hoxf bMd kr dyx. guwsy iglyL srkfrF jF rfjsI afgUaF nfl ho skdy hn smuwcy dysL aqy lokF nfl dusLmxI krnf soLBf nhIN idMdf. dunIaF hux BfrqIaF nMU siqkfr dI ingHf nfl vyKx lwg peI hY aqy ies ivwc hor vfDf hox vflf hY. Bfrq dy KLjLfnf mMqrI icMdfbrm ny ajy huxy hI ibafn idwwqf hY ik sn 2020 qwk Bfrq iek afriQk qfkq bx jfvygf.

          ies df mqlB ieh vI nhIN hY ik Bfrq ivwc jF Bfrq vfsqy swB awCf hY. awCy dI AumId jLrUr hY aqy BrpUr AumId hY. AuBr rhy Bfrq nMU ajy vI gMBIr cxOqIaF df sfhmxf krnf pY irhf. Bfrq dI ivqoN vD rhI abfdI Bfrq leI gMBIr cxOqI hY jo ik anpVHqf, grIbI, pCVypn aqy bImfrIaF df kfrn bxI hoeI hY. Bfrq ny abfdI dy kMtrol vfsqy cIn vrgy sKLq hwQkMzy nf vrq ky bhuq vwzI isafxp kIqI hY. ies nfl abfdI `qy kfbU pfAux ivwc BfvyN dyrI hor rhI hY pr lok hux ies ivwc afp BfeIvfl bx rhy hn.

          grIbI, anpVHqf aqy ishq syvfvF dI Gft vI nafpxy afp ivwc vwzI Gft hY ijs `qy qyjI nfl kfbU pfieaf jf irhf hY. afriQk qrwkI ies ivwc afpxf Xogdfn pf rhI hY.

          kurwpsLn Bfrq nMU aMdro aMdr bIqy 60 sflF qoN KfeI jf rhI hY. Auh rfjsI afhU jo kurwpsLn dI bhuqI rwt lgfAuNdy hn afp vwzI kurwpsLn krdy hn qy lokF nMU BMblBUsy ivwc pf rhy huMdy hn. kYptn amirMdr isMG bfdl srkfr dI kurwpsLn dUr krn dy vfady nfl qfkq ivwc afey sn pr awj kurwpsLn dI rfjgwdI `qy afp ibrfjmfn hn. jnfb nMU eynI grmI lgdI hY ik lokF nMU blb jgfAux jogI ibjlI BfvyN idn ivwc 4 GMty nf imly jnfb dy eyr kMzIsLn 24 GMty cldy hn. jnfb dI koTI nMU cfry idsLfvF ivcoN ibjlI dI splfeI afAuNdI hY aqy jy iqMn Pyhl ho jfx qF cOQI kMm sfrdI rihMdI hY.

          Bfrq leI swB qoN vwzI cxOqI awqvfd, kwtVvfd aqy dihsLqvfd hY. ies cxOqI df tfkrf krn vfsqy Bfrq kol ieko iek brm-asqr hY aqy Auh hY jmhUrIaq. ieh iek aYsf asqr hY ijs sfhmxy smF pf ky awqvfd, kwtVvfd aqy dihsLqvfd nfkfrf ho jFdy hn. jmhUrI coxF ivwc ijwqI hoeI iDr ijwq dI KusLI dy nfl af rhIaF aglIaF coxF dI iqafrI ivwc juwt jFdI hY aqy hfrI hoeI iDr hfr df bdlf vot pRcI nfl lYx dIaF skImF GVn lwg jFdI hY. votF lokF dy hwQF ivwc hox kfrn swB nMU lok-drbfr dy gyVy mfrny pYNdy hn qF jf ky votF nsIb huMdIaF hn. jmhUrIaq vwzy vwzy mfrKory PnIar swpF dy dMd kwZ idMdI hY iehI kfrn hY ik kwtVpMQI jmhUrIaq qoN Gfbr ky dOVdy hn. Bfrq jmhUrIaq dy lV lwg cuwkf hY.

-sLONkI ieMglYNzIaf


pRDfn mMqrI hfrpr ny iejLrfeIl dI hmfieq dy mfmly ivwc pujIsLn bdlI pr prnflf AuWQy df AuWQy!

 

          ilbnfn `qy iejLrfeIlI  hmlf pMjvyN hPLqy ivwc dfKl hox vflf hY pr ajy qwk iksy iksm dI sLFqI dI sMBfvnf njLr nhIN af rhI. sMXukq rfsLtr vloN sLFqI dI sfrIaF koisLsLF ajy qwk amrIkf dI pwKpfqI nIqI kfrn asPLl rhIaF hn. amrIkf dI nIqI “ht jfE ht jfE, nf lVo” df ivKfvf qF jLrUr kr rhI hY pr nfl hI iejLrfeIl nMU mfrU bMbF dy nfl nfl “Pwty cuwk idE” dI hwlfsLyrI vI dyeI jf rhI hY.

          rfsLtr sMG ivwc amrIkf aqy PrFs dI pihl kdmI nfl ilaFdf igaf mqf arb dysLF ny ieh kihMidaF rwd kr idwqf hY ik ieh iejLrfeIl dI qrPLdfrI krdf hY. jnrl skwqr koPI anfn qF bIqy cfr hPLiqaF qoN ilbnfn dy lokF dy ho rhy aQfh nuksfn df rOlf pfeI jf rhy hn pr AuhnF dI suxdf koeI nhIN hY. ilbnfn dy iek imlIan lok ies jMg kfrn byGry ho gey hn jo ik eys dysL dI kul abfdI df qIjf ihwsf bxdf hY. dysL df sfrf qfxfbfxf iesjLrfeIl dI bMbfrI kfrn qbfh ho igaf hY.

          hor qF kuJ kI bcxf sI hux qF hspqfl vI dvf-dfrU krn jogy nhIN rhy. nf hspqflF ivwc dfvfeIaF hn aqy nf ibjlI pfxI dI shUlq hI bcI hY. dunIaF df Qfxydfr afpxI dusLmxI kwZx vfsqy lokF df Gfx krvfeI jf irhf hY.

          bYrUq dI bMdrgfh dy njLdIk ilbnfn dy qyl BMzfr `qy kIqy gey hmly kfrn bhuqf qyl sVH-blL igaf hY qy 12,000 twn dy krIb smuMdr ivwc vih igaf hY aqy hor vih irhf hY. ijs kfrn ies iKwqy dy sfry dysLF dy qwtI ielfikaF ivwc afPLq bx geI hY. hux qwk ieh qyl ilbnfn dy 140 iklo mItr lMby qwt qwk PYl igaf hY ijs kfrn smuMdrI jIv aqy smuMdr kMZy rihx vfly pMCI mr rhy hn. smuMdr dI sqfh `qy qr irhf ieh qyl hux gvfZI dysLF qwk awpVn vflf hY. rfsLtr sMG ny ies kfrn vfqfvrx nMU pYdf hoey Kqry df iDafn rwKidaF qurMq XuwD bMd krn vfsqy afiKaf hY pr iejLrfeIl aqy ies dy smrQwk cup hn.

          mfhrF muqfibk smuMdr ivwc zuwly qyl df ieh mfmlf 1989 ivwc amrIkf dy qwt dy njLdIk “aYksfn vflzIjL” nfmI smuMdrI jhfjL dy hfdsfgRsq ho jfx kfrn zuwly qyl ijMnf hI gMBIr hY. ikAuNik Es smyN hfdsf amrIkf dy afpxI smuMdrI qwt dy njLdIk vfpiraf sI ies leI amrIkf ny ies df tfkrf jMgI pwDr `qy kIqf sI aqy “aYksfn vflzIjL” dy amly nMU PV ky AuhnF `qy mukwdmf vI clfieaf igaf sI.  hux iehI Gtnf amrIkf dy imwqr dysL dy hmly kfrn ilbnfn ivwc vfprI hY qF dosLI iKlfPL mukwdmf qF dUr dI gwl hY, qyl dI afPLq nMU sfPL krn vfsqy pihl kdmI nf amrIkf vwloN kIqI jf rhI hY aqy nf iksy hor nMU krn dyx vflf mhOl hI isrijaf jf irhf hY. isafixaF ny TIk ikhf hY ik afpxy Gr lwgI awg hI awg njLr afAuNdI huMdI hY aqy jd dUjy dy Gr lgdI hY qF ies nMU bsMqr dyvqf afiKaf jFdf hY. 

          muslmfn dysLF ny rfsLtr sMG dIaF vwK vwK sMsQfvF ivwc iejLrfeIl dy hmly dI inMdf krn vfsqy avfjL AuTfeI hY aqy skwqr jnrl koPI anfn ny iejLrfeIl vloN ipMz kfnf `qy Zfey gey kihr dI pUrI qPLqIsL dI mMg kIqI hY. sRI anfn ny ipMz kfnf `qy kIqy gey hvfeI hmly ivwc hoey afm lokF dy kqlyafm nMU aMqr rfsLtrI kfnuMn dI iKLflfPLvrjLI vI afiKaf hY.

          XU aYn E dy ihAUimn rfeIts kimsLnr lUeIs afrbr (sfbkf suprIm kort jsits, kYnyzf) ny iejLrfeIl dy ikrdfr `qy sKLq ieqrfjL kIqf hY.

          ies sMkt dy sLurU huMdy sfr hI kYnyzf dy pRDfn mMqrI sRI hfrpr vwloN nMgy icwty rUp ivwc iejLrfeIl dI kIqI geI hmfieq kfrn AuhnF dI sKLq nukqfcInI hoeI hY. hfrpr srkfr nMU sLihrIaF dy roh df vI sfhmxf krnf ipaf hY aqy qfjLf srvyKxF muqfibk AuhnF df grfPL bhuq hyT af igaf hY. ikbYWk ivwc qF torI pfrtI nMU sKLq Jtkf lwgf hY aqy coxF qoN bfad pihlI vfr ilbrl pfrtI dI lookpRXqf torI pfrtI nfloN awgy inkl geI hY.

          pRDfn mMqrI sRI hfrpr ny pihlF iejLrfeIl dI hmfieq ieh afKidaF kIqI sI ik iejLrfeIl nMU svY-rwiKaf df pUrf hwk hY aqy iPr iejLrfeIl dy hmly nMU “mYjLrz” Bfv qolvF afKidaF ies dI hmfieq kIqI sI. hux jd sRI hfrpr nMU sLihrIaF dy roh df aMdfjLf hoieaf hY qF AuhnF afpxf rveIaf kuJ bdl ilaf hY.

          kuJ idn pihlF ikbYWk tI[ vI[ nfl gwlbfq kridaF AuhnF afiKaf hY ik AuhnF dy iqMn ku hPLqy pihlF idwqy ibafn qoN bfad bhuq kuJ bdl cuwkf hY. PrYNc nYtvrk nfl gwlbfq kridaF sRI hfrpr ny ikhf ik iqMn hPLqy pihlF sLurU hoieaf ieh mfmlf hux XuwD df rUp Dfrn kr cuwkf hY aqy XuwD ivwc iksy iek iDr dy pRqIkrm nMU dUjy dy mukfbly qolvF (mYjrz) afKxf musLkl huMdf hY. AuhnF awgy ikhf ik Auh afp iewk bfp hn aqy XuwD ivwc ho rhIaF bwicaF dIaF mOqF dy duwK nMU smJdy hn. sLfied sRI hfrpr ikbYWk dy lokF dy guwsy nMU dUr krn dI koisLsL kr rhy sn. strIjk kONsl dy dy iek srvyKx muqfibk kYnyzf dy 45% lok sRI hfrpr dy iejLrfeIl dy hwk ivwc ley stYNz qoN nfKusL hn jd ik ikbYWk dy 61% lok ies qoN nfKusL hn. ies ivroD nMU iDafn ivwc rwKidaF hoieaF hI sRI hfrpr nMU nrm vqIrf Dfrn krnf ipaf ho skdf hY.

          sI tI vI nfl kIqI iek vwKrI vfqrf ivwc sRI hfrpr ny ies qoN bhuq vwKrI phuMc apxfeI hY. inrpwK rihx bfry puwCy gey iek svfl dy juvfb ivwc sRI hfrpr ny puwiCaf hY ik inrpwKqf kI hY? AuhnF afiKaf hY ik inrpwK rihxf bhuq musLkl hY aqy hYjLbuwlf dy mfmly ivwc inrpwKqf df mqlb kI hY? AuhnF ikhf hY ik hjLbuwlf dy mfmly ivwc inrpwK rihx df mqlb hY ik kYnyzf dihsLqgrd sMgTn dy mfmly ivwc inrpwK hY. aqy kI kYnyzf ieh afKy ik iejLrfeIl  iewkqrPLf qOr `qy afpxy afp nMU zIPYNz krnf bMd kr dyvy afid.

          hYjLbuwlf bfry inrpwKqf dy mfmly ivwc sRI hfrpr df pwK TIk hY. hYjLbuwlf ilbnfn nhIN hY aqy nf hI ilbnfn dI srkfr hY.  hYjLbuwlf iewk ieslfimk kwtVpMQI jQybMdI hY ijs ny afpxy afp nMU nvIN hiQafrF nfl lYs kIqf hoieaf aqy ilbnfn dy ivwc iewk “styt ivd ien styt” vFG ivcr rhI hY. hYjLbuwlf iejLrfeIl leI iek gMBIr cxOqI bxI hoeI hY aqy hr rojL iejLrfeIl `qy bIqy mhIny ku Br qoN aOsqn 100 imjLfeIlF dfg rhI hY. hYjLbuwlf iejLrfeIl vfsqy eynI vwzI cxOqI bx geI hY ik iejLrfeIl ny cfr hPLiqaF ivwc ilbnfn nMU qF qbfh kr idwqf hY pr hYjLbuwlf nMU nwQx ivwc aspPl irhf hY. afpxy 10,000 POjIaF aqy hr rojL sYNkVy hvfeI hmilaF dy bfvjUd iejLrfeIl ajy qwk hYjLbuwlf nMU jMgbMdI vfsqy mjbUr nhIN kr sikaf. iejLrfeIl dI nvIn hiQafrF qy tYNkF nfl lYs POj afpxy bfrzr dy 25-30 iklomItr dy iKwqy ivcoN vI mhIny Br ivwc hYjLbuwlf nMU kwZ nhIN skI aqy qkrIbn hr ipMz qy ksby vfsqy BfrI lVfeI ho rhI hY ijs ivwc iejLrfeIl dy 100 dy krIb POjI aqy sLihrI mry hn.

          sRI hfrpr df zr qy qrk bhuq vfijb hY ik jy koeI dihsLqgrd sMgTn agr eynf qfkqvr ho jfvy qF iPr inrpwKqf df kI mqlb rih jFdf hY. afiKr kYnyzf afpxy POjI aPLgfinsqfn ivwc dihsLqvfd dy iKlfPL lVfeI ivwc iPr ikAuN mrvf irhf hY jy ilbnfn ivwc dihsLqgrd sMgTn hYjLbuwlf dy mfmly ivwc inrpwK hI rihxf hY qF. EntyrIE dy ilbrl sYntr jYrI grPLstIn ny ies vfsqy sRI hfrpr dI BrpUr qfrIP kIqI hY. sYntr ny afrjLI ilbrl afgU  sRI ibl gRfhm dI sKLq nuqfcInI kIqI hY jo “inrpwK” rihx dI gwl afK rhy hn. sYntr ny ieh vI afiKaf hY ik kYnyzf iejLrfeIl dy mfmly ivwc kdy vI inrpwK nhIN irhf ijs ivwc Auh pUry swcy hn.

          hYjLbuwlf dy mfmly ivwc inrpwKqf bfry qF jnfb hfrpr aqy ilbrl sYnytr jYrI grfPLstIn dovyN swcy hn pr asl mfmly ivwc Auh swcy dy ikqy nyVy qyVy vI nhIN hn aqy ies aslIaq nMU Auh hYjLbuwlf dy bhfny hyT CupfeI rwKxf cfhuMdy hn. jy iejLrfeIl df mhIny Br qoN cwl irhf hmlf hYjLbuwlf dy iKlfPL hI hovy qF kYnyzf nMU inrpwK rihx dI  koeI loV nhIN hY. mhIny Br dy hmilaF df qOr qrIkf aqy hoieaf nuksfn dwsdf hY ik iejLrfeIl ny hYjLbuwlf dy nfm `qy smuwcy ilbnfn aqy ilbnfnIaF nMU insLfnf bxfieaf hoieaf hY. dysL dy hr mhuwqvpUrn puwl nMU qbfh kr idwqf igaf hY aqy hr hfevya nMU bMbF nfl ClxI kr idwqf igaf hY. ibjlI Gr, qyl BMzfr, qyl dy pMp, PYktrIaF, isvlIan hvfeI awzy aqy dysL dy sLihrF dIaF keI bsqIaF qbfh kr idwqIaF geIaF hn. bMdrgfhF dI GyrfbMdI kr leI geI hY aqy rfsLtr sMG nMU vI  byGry lokF dI mdd vfsqy surwiKaq lFGf nhIN idwqf jf irhf. ajyhy hflq ivwc agr jnfb hfrpr aqy AuhnF dI srkfr afny-bhfny iejLrfeIl dy pwK ivwc Bugdy hn qF ieh hYjLbuwlf dy mfmly ivwc iejLrfeIl df pwK krnf nhIN sgoN ilbnfn dy pIVHq sLihrIaF dy mfmly ivwc iejLrfeIlI dy hmly dy hwk ivwc Bugqx vflI gwl hY. pRDfn mMqrI ny dbfE hyT pujIsLn qF bdlI hY pr prnflf AuWQy df AuWQy hI hY.

-sLONkI ieMglYNzIaf

 


 

‘mMn gey qyrI iensfnIaq nMU’ kudrq dy mfiraF leI rfhq qy kudrq dy vsfieaF leI bMbF dy mINh!

 

          purfqn BfrqI PlsPy ivwc dyviqaF aqy dYqF df ijLkr imldf hY. dyvqy cMgy kMm krn vfly aqy lokF dI rfKI krn vfly drsfey gey hn jd ik dYNq afdmKor dwsy gey hn. purfxk gfQfvF ivwc dYNqF aqy dyviqaF ivwc twkr dIaF keI imsflF idwqIaF geIaF hn. BfrqI drsLn ivwc dyviqaF aqy dYNqF ivwc jd vI twkr huMdI hY qF afKLrI ijwq dyvidaF dI hoeI dwsI geI hY.

          mwD-pUrb dy purfqn sLihr XUrosLlm nfl sbMDq iqMn DrmF ivwc dYNqF dy mukfbly sLYqfn df ijLkr kIqf igaf hY. musilm, eIsfeI aqy XhUdI DrmF ivwc rwb dy mukfbly ivwc sLYqfn df ijLkr kIqf igaf hY jo ik iensfn nMU afpxy mgr lgf ky bury kMm krvfAuNdf hY. keI ilKqF ivwc sLYqfn afpxy afp ivwc iek vwKrI qfkq dy rUp ivwc icqivaf igaf hY jo rwb qoN ajLfd rUp ivwc ivcrdf hY.

          BfrqI drsLn dI zUMGfeI ivwc pVcol kr ky pqf lgdf hY ik dyvqf aqy dYNq buwDI hr iensfn aMdr ieko smyN ivcrdI hY aqy kdy iek BfrU ho jFdI aqy kdy dUjI BfrU ho jFdI hY.  Bfv ieh ik iensfn ivwc dyvqf aqy dYNq dovyN hI vwsdy hn aqy vwsdy vI ieko smyN hI hn. pwCmI drsLn vI sLYqfn bfry kuJ eysy iksm df hI pRBfv idMdf hY.

          afpxy afspfs vfpr rhIaF GtnfvF nMU vyKIey qF hr iensfn ivwc ieko smyN vws rhy iensfn aqy sYLqfn df Jlkfrf iml jFdf hY. hr iensfn hr vkq hI cMigafeI aqy buirafeI dy ivckfr irkVk huMdf rihMdf hY aqy ieh twkr aMdro aMdrI lgfqfr cldI rihMdI hY. iehI kfrn hY ik iek iensfn iksy vfsqy dyvqf rUp ho skdf hY aqy AuhI iensfn iksy hor vfsqy sLYqfn rUp ho skdf hY.

          iensfn, kudrq df bxfieaf hoieaf iewk bhuq hI guMJldfr jIv hY. awj dunIaF Br ivwc hor irhf kqlyafm, dihsLqvfd, lVfeIaF qy JgVy ies guMJldfr jIv dIaF mnoibrqIaF df hI iswtf hn. hor jIv vI iek dUjy nfl mfVf motf lVdy hn pr AuhnF df JgVf bhuq sImq huMdf hY pr iensfn df JgVf iBafnk rUp Dfrn kr jFdf hY. iensfn dy JgVy kfrn ipClI sdI ivwc hI do iBafnk sMsfr XuwD ho cuwky hn. purfqn ieiqhfs aqy imiQhfs vI XuwD gfQfvF nfl Biraf ipaf hY. agly sMBfvI sMsfr XUwD nMU tflx vfsqy  dunIaF ny rfsLtr sMG bxfieaf hoieaf hY aqy dunIaF dy sYNkVy dysLF ivwckfr keI qrF dIaF sMDIaF amn-sLFqI brkrfr rwKx vfsqy kIqIaF hoeIaF hn.

          iensfn dy JgVy nMU vfprn qoN rokx, aqy ho jfx dI sUrq ivwc dosLI nMU sjLf dyx vfsqy dunIaF Br dy dysLF ivwc keI qrF dy kfnMUn bxfey hoey hn. dysLF dy ivDfn qy sMivDfn vI bMdy dI iensfn aqy sLYqfn dI ibrqI ivckfr smqol bxfeI rwKx vfsqy hI GVy hoey hn.

          ilbnfn ivwc ies mOky iBafnk bMbbfrI ho rhI hY aqy ieh kihr hux iqMn hPLiqaF qoN vfpr irhf hY. lwKF lok byGr ho gey hn aqy hjLfrF jLKLmI ho gey hn. mOqF dI igxqI vI hjLfr dy krIb dwsI geI hY aqy Zih gey GrF dI igxqI qF bhuq vwzI hY. byksUr bwcy vI ies kihr df isLkfr ho rhy hn. iensfn dy nfl nfl kudrq aqy jIv vI ies dI lpyt ivwc afey hoey hn. 7-8 lwK lok afpxy Gr bfhr Cwz ky Bwjy gey hn aqy afpxy pCU aqy hor pflqU ipwCy mrn vfsqy Cwz afey hn.  iek rport muqfibk hjLfrF “Pfrm aYnIml”, kuwqy aqy ibwlIaF KflI kIqy gey ielfikaF ivwc BuwK nfl mr rhy hn. avfrf iPr rhy kuwqy keI QfvF `qy bMbbfrI nfl mfry gey lokF dIaF lfsLF KFdy dwsy gey hn.

          iejLrfeIl dI bMbbfrI ivwc jIv isrPL ilbnfn dI DrqI `qy hI nhIN mr rhy sgoN ilbnfn dy qwt dy nfl lgdy smuMdr ivwc vI jIvF `qy BfrI bxI hoeI hY. bYrUq dI bMdrgfh dy nyVy iejLrfeIlI bMbbfrI kfrn qyl dy keI tYNk qbfh kr idwqy gey hn ijhnF nMU lwgI awg vfqfvrx nMU pRdUsLq kr rhI hY aqy nfl hI hjLfrF twn qyl smuMdr ivwc izwg pYx kfrn ies nfl sumMdrI jIvF aqy pMCIaF `qy BfrI bxI hoeI hY. smuMdr ivwc izigaf qyl lgfqfr iKlr irhf hY qy ies nfl ilbnfn dy nfl grIs, trkI aqy sfeIprs dy qwt qwk nuksfn hox df zr pfieaf jf irhf hY.

          smuMdr dy qwl `qy iKlr cuwky ies qyl nMU EnI dyr iekwTf nhIN kIqf jf skdf ijMnI dyr ihjLbuwlf aqy iejLrfeIl dy isrF `qy suafr hoieaf sLYqfn kfbU  nhIN kr ilaf jFdf.

          ilbnfn ivwc ies mOky ho rhI qbfhI vwl vyK ky sLONkI nMU Auh qbfhIaF Xfd af rhIaF hn jo kudrqI afPLqF kfrn vfprdIaF hn. ajy bIqy kuJ sflF dOrfn hI sunfmI lihrF df kihr ijs kfrn Bfrq, ieMzonysLIaf, mlysLIaf, sRI lMkf aqy keI hor dysLF ivwc lwKF lok mfry gey sn aqy lwKF byGr ho gey sn. pfiksqfn ivwc afey Bucfl nfl ajy ipCly sfl hI iBafnk nuksfn hoieaf sI. gujrfq df Bucfl aqy ierfn ivwc afieaf Bucfl vI bhuq nuksfn kr igaf sI. ipCly sfl hI amrIkf ivwc kYtrInf nfm df qUPLfn amrIkf dy aflIsLfn sLihr inAU ErIiln nMU qbfh kr igaf sI.

          iehnF sfrIaF kudrqI afPLqF smyN dunIaF Br dy iensfn ivwc acfnk iensfnIaq jfg AuTI sI aqy hr pfisAuN mdd aqy rfhq vfsqy Xqn sLurU ho gey sn. afPLqF df isLkfr lokF dI mdd vfsqy afm lok aqy dysL afpxIaF dusLmxI kuJ smyN leI Buwl gey sn  qy bcfE kfrvfeIaF ivwc hwQ vtfAux lwg pey sn.

          iehnF afPLqF ivwc mfry gey lokF vfsqy koeI dvfeI-dfrU df ieMqjLfm kr irhf sI aqy keI rotI-pfxI df pRbMD. koeI zfktr qy dvfeIaF Byj irhf sI qy koeI kwpVy-lwqy qy qMbUaF dy Bry jhfjL qy trwk lwdI KVoqf sI. koeI mlbf sfPL kr irhf sI aqy koeI imrqkF dIaF lfsLF dI sMBfl kr irhf sI. tutIaF, rylF, sVkF aqy puwlF dI murMmq kIqI jf rhI sI aqy izwgy GrF, skUlF qy hspqflF nMU jldI KVf krn dIaF ivAuNqF bxfeIaF jf rhIaF sn. ieAuN lgdf sI ik dunIaF ivwc dyviqaF dI bhuqfq ho geI hY.

          iehI iensfn afpxy lwk nfl bMb bMb ky kdy lMdn dy aMzrgrfAUNz ivwc aqy kdy mYzirz qy bMbeI dy ryl isstm ivwc Dmfky krky sYNkVy lokF dy cIQVy Auzf idMdf hY. kdy kMDfr aqy kdy sRI ngr ies sLYsfn dy ryzfr `qy af jFdy hn aqy drjnF pirvfr Aumr Br leI rox jogy rih jFdy hn. kdy eyar ieMzIaf df kinsLkf jhfjL sLYqfn dI ByNt cVH jFdf hY aqy kdy inAUXfrk df vrlz tryz sYNtr sLYqfn dI dfV hyT af jFdf hY.

          pRDfn jfrj buwsL vrgy afgUaF dI jLubfn `qy suafrI kr ky sYLqfn vwsdy ierfk nMU qbfh kr dyx dI qfkq rwKdf hY. Gug vsdf bgdfd sLfied hux aglI pusLq qwk sLYqfn dI mfr hyToN nf inkl sky. ieh sqrF ilKdy smyN vI sLONkI ny tI vI `qy cldI inAUjL vyKI qF ijLkr bgdfd ivwc cwly afqmGfqI hmly df ho irhf sI.

          ilbnfn dy dwKxI Kyqr ivwcoN bIqy iqMn hPLiqaF qoN hr rojL 50-60 ktUsLf rfkt iejLrfeIl `qy dfgy jf rhy hn aqy juvfb ivwc iejLrfeIl ny bMbF dI brsfq lfeI hoeI hY. iejLrfeIl dy tYNk qy qopKfnf bMb Augl rhy hn, smuMdrI jhfjL ilbnfn `qy bMb dfg rhy hn qy mfrU hvfeI jLhfjL BuwKIaF igrjF vFG ilbnfn `qy mMzlf rhy hn. 8 lwK lok rPUjI bx gey hn qy sLihrF dy sLihr KflI ho gey hn. vwsdy rwsdy keI mhuwly, sLihr qy ksby bMbbfrI kfrn kbrsqfn bx gey hn. ajy ies hPLqy dy sLurU ivwc hI iejLrfeIl dI bMbbfrI `c ilbnfn dy kfnf nfm dy ipMz ivwc 57 ivakqI mfry gey sn ijhnF ivwc 37 bwcy dwsy gey sn.

          ies kqlyafm nfl dunIaF ivwc qF hfhfkfr mc geI sI pr iejLrfeIl aqy ihjLbuwlf dovF ny hI llkfry mfrny jfrI rwKy sn. AuhnF dy aMdrly iensfn `qy sLYqfn df glbf ies iBafnk kqlyafm nfl vI twut nhIN sI sikaf.

          kudrqI afPLqF smyN iek dUjy df dfrU bxdf iensfn awj iek dUjy dy KUn df ipafsf bixaF hoieaf  hY. sLONkI nMU iensfn kudrq dy ivroD ivwc cldf njLr afAuNdf hY. kudrq mfrdI hY qF iensfn bcfAux  Bwjdf hY, kudrq skUn bKLsLdI hY qF iensfn KrUd df pRbMD kr lYNdf hY. kudrq dy mfiraF leI rfhq qy kudrq dy vsfieaF leI bMbF df mINh pfAux vfly iensfn dI iensfnIaq sLONkI dI smJ qoN bfhr hY.

-sLONkI ieMglYNzIaf


“vOr-krfeIm” afiKLr iks blfa df nfm hY?

          sMsfr dy dUjy mhF XuwD qoN bfad “mnuwKI aiDkfrF” dI aMqrrfsLtrI pwDr `qy crcf df dOr sLurU hoieaf sI aqy 1945 ivwc sMsfr ivwc amn dI kfiemI dy mksd nfl bxfeI geI sMsQf “rfsLtr sMG” dy cfrtr ivwc vI iehnF hwkF nMU sUcIbMD kIqf igaf sI. qy ies dy nfl hI mnuwKI aiDkfrF dI rfKI vfsqy kfnUMn bnx jF sMivDfnk mwdF sLfml kIqy jfx aml sLurU hoieaf sI.

          awj dunIaF dy bhuqy jmhUrI dysLF ivwc “mnuwKI aiDkfr” kimsLn vI bxy hoey hn ijhnF kol adflqF vfly aiDkfr hn. “mnuwKI aiDkfrF” dy Poks ivwc af jfx nfl hr dysL ivwc hI “mnuwKI aiDkfr sMsQfvF” vI KuMbF vFg AugIaF hn Kfs kr AuhnF dysLF ivwc ijwQy iksy iksm dI aMdrUnI gVbV cwl rhI hovy. bhuq sfry dihsLqgrd sMgTnF ny vI afpxIaF “mnuwKI aiDkfr sMsQfvF” KohlIaF hoeIaF hn ijhnF nMU Auh iek kfrgr hiQafr vFg vrqdy hn.

          dUjy mhF XuwD dy Kfqmy qoN bfad “mnuwKI aiDkfrF” dy nfl iek hor aml sfhmxy afieaf ijs nMU “vOr-krfeIm” (keI iesdf Aucfrx “vfr-krfeIm” vI krdy hn) kihMdy hn, Bfv XuWD-jurm jF XuwD-aprfD jF ajyhy jurm jo XuwD dy nfm `qy kIqy gey hox.

          “vfr-krfeIm” qoN pihlF dunIaF ivwc “XuwD-juLrmfnf” keI sdIaF qoN dunIaF dy vwK vwK iKwiqaF ivwc pRcwlq sI ijs aDIn hfry hoey dysL `qy jyqU dysL XuwD-jurmfnf Toisaf krdf sI ijs nfl hfrI hoeI iDr dy vsnIk XuwD ivwc hoey jyqU dy nuksfn nMU pUrf krn vfsqy jurmfnf Brdy sn. ies jurmfny dy Xuwg qoN pihlF qF hfrI hoeI iDr nMU luwt, kuwt aqy mfr dyx df irvfj sI. KuMKfr aqy byrihm bfdsLh qYmUrilMg ies iksm dI sjLf dyx ivwc ivsLvfs rwKdf sI aqy ijwqy hoey sLihr nMU PUk ky suafh hI kr idMdf sI.

          XuwD-jurmfnf dunIaF dy pihly mhF XuwD qoN bfad jrmn `qy vI Toisaf igaf sI ijs ny dUjy mhF XuwD nMU jnm idwqf. qfkq ivwc afey ihtlr ny jrmn dy lokF nMU ies jurmfny df hvflf dy ky vMgfiraf aqy kuJ sflF ivwc aQfh POjI qfkq pYdf krn df rsqf Kohilaf. ihtlr nMU hrfAux qoN bfad jyqU qfkqF ny XuD-jurmfny qoN qobf kr leI aqy jrmn smyq hfry hoey jpfn nMU sgoN afriQk mdd idwqI. pr nfl hI PVy gey jrmn afgUaF `qy “vfr-krfeIm” Bfv XuD-aprfD dy dosLF hyT kys clfey.

          ies qoN bfad dunIaF Br ivwc XuwD-jurm lPjL dI vrqoN afm hox lwg peI. vIaqnfm ivwc jd amrIknF ny aMDfDMud bMbbfrI kIqI qF ivroDIaF ny amrIkf `qy  “XUwD-aprfD” krn df dosL lfieaf. amrIkf ny gurIilaF dIaF jMglI CupxgfhF Kfqm krn dy afsLy nfl vIaqnfm dy jMglF `qy ajyhy kYmIkl iCVky ijs nfl Gxy jMgl sukx lwg pey ijs df asr awj dhfikaF bfad qwk vI vyiKaf jf skdf hY.  igxqI dy gurIilaF nMU mfrn vfsqy amrIkf ny vIaqnfm dy lokF, lokF dI rojLI rotI aqy kudrq `qy hmlf kr idwqf. amrIkf ny afpxy bI-52 iksm dy BfrI bMbfr jhfjLF nfl “kfript bMibMg” kIqI ijs nfl qbfhI mc geI. awj vI ies iksm dI bMibMg dI koeI purfxI iPlm vyiKaF lUM-kMzy KVy ho jFdy hn. bI-52 bMbfr jhfjL dy kfrgo holz ivcoN bMbF dI Dfr pYNdI hY. bMb ieAuN izgdy hn ijAuN mkfn dI Cwq `qy sukxIaF pfeIaF CwlIaF mINh af jfx `qy moG rfhIN aMdr suwtIaF jFdIaF hn.

          amrIkf `qy “XuD-aprfD” dy dosL qF lgdy rhy pr ‘jLorfvr df swqIN vIhIN sO’ dI khfvq vFg amrIkf nMU JrIt qwk nf afeI. XogoslfvIaf dy tuwtx nfl sLUrU hoey gRih-XuwD aqy aPrIkf dy kuJ dysLF ivwc hoey vZFgy ipwCoN vI “XuwD-aprfD” dy dosL lfgey gey aqy bhuq sfry kiQq dosLIaF `qy kys vI clfey gey aqy ajy vI keIaF `qy clfey jf rhy hn.

          jd amrIkf dy iPwt bYiTaf qF amrIkf ny ieh dosL ierfk dy zktytr sdfm husyn `qy vI lgfey. pihlF mfrU hiQafrF df bhfnf bxf ky ierkf `qy kbjLf kIqf igaf aqy iPr keI sfbkf sihXogIaF smyq sdfm husyn nMU keI sLihrIaF nMU mfrn dy jurm ivwc cfrj kIqf igaf. ijs kYmIkl nfl sdfm husyn ny kurd bfgIaF dy hlfbjLf nfm dy ksby ivwc qbfhI mcfeI sI Auh iksy amrIkI kMpnI df zflrF dI pMz vwzy splfeI kIqf hoieaf sI aqy Auh vI smyN dI amrIkI srkfr dI afigaf nfl.

          ilbnfn dI DrqI `qy pYdf hoeI ieslfimk kwtVpMQI sMsQf ‘ihjLbuwlf’ ny julfeI 12 nMU iejLrfeIl dI iewk srhwdI cOkI `qy hmlf kr ky kuJ POjI mfr idwqy aqy do nMU bMdI bxf ilaf.  ‘ihjLbuwlf’ ny iejLrfeIl qoN iehnF do kYdIaF vwty afpxy drjnF bMdIaF dI irhfeI dI mMg kIqI. iejLrfeIl ny iehnF POjIaF dI ibnF sLrq irhfeI dI mMgI aqy ‘ihjLbuwlf’ dy bMdI irhfa krn qoN sfPL ienkfr kr idwqf.

          ‘ihjLbuwlf’ dy gurIilaF nMU sbk isKfAux vfsqy acfnk iejLrfeIl ny smuwcy ilbnfn `qy hvfeI hmlf kr idwqf. ies dy nfl hI afpxy smuMdrI byVy Byj ky ilbnfn dI smuMdrI GyrfbMdI kr idwqI geI. jMgI hvfeI jhfjLF dy nfl smuMdrI byiVaF aqy Qwl sYnf dy tYNkF ny vI ilbnfnf `qy bMbF dI vrKf sLurU kr idwqI. juvfbI kfrvfeI kridaF ‘ihjLbuwlf’ gurIilaF ny iejLrfeIl `qy ktUsLF rftk dfgxy sLurU kr idwqy jo ik ajy vI Auh hr rojL 40-50 dfg idMdy hn.

          iejLrfeIl df ieh KUMnI hmlf ieh sqrF ilKy jfx qwk do hPLqy pUry krn vflf hY. rfjDfnI bYrUq smyq ilbnfnf dy bhuqy sLihr iejLrfeIl dI mfr hyT hn.  ‘ihjLbuwlf’ dy gurIly iejLrfeIl `qy hmlf krn vfsqy jo rftk vrqdy hn Auh 40 ku iklomItr qwk mfr krdf hY. iejLrfeIl keI vfr ilbnfn dy dwKxI iKwqy ivwc 50 ku iklomItr qwk df ielfkf hiQaf cwukf hY ijs nMU iejLrfeIl sikAUrtI jLon df nfm idMdf irhf hY. ies df mksd ‘ihjLbuwlf’ gurIilaF nMU iejLrfeIl dy bfrzr qoN 50 iklomItr dUr rwKx df huMdf hY qF ik Auh iejLrfeIl `qy ktUsLf rfkt nf dfg skx.

          ies vfr vI iejLrfeIl asfnI nfl ilbnfn dy dwKxI ihwsy dy 40-50 iklomItr ielfky `qy POjI kfrvfeI kr ky kbjLf kr ky sikAurtI jLon sQfipq kr skdf sI. pr iejLrfeIl ny kIqf swB kuJ ies dy Elt, afpxy bfrzr dy nfl lgdy ielfikaF `coN gurIilaF nMU BjfAux dI QF smuwcy ilbnfn nMU hI hmly df insLfnf bxf ilaf igaf.

          rfjDfnI bYrUq smyq ilbnfn dy muwK AuWqrI sLihr tfier aqy qirpolI vI iejLrfeIlI hvfeI aqy smuMdrI hmilaF dI mfr hyT hn. bYrUq smyq keI sLihrF dy keI ielfky KMzr bxf idwqy gey hn. lokF df jnjIvn qbfh kr idwqf igaf hY.  eyarport Zfh idwqy gey hn, ptrol pMp vI hvfeI hmilaF df insLfnf hn.

          hux qwk 3 isvlIan hvfeI awzy ijhnF ivwc bYrUq df awzf vI sLfml hY qbfh kr idwqy gey hn. ilbnfn dy 62 muwK puwl, iqMn ibjlI pYdf krn dy kyNdr, iqMn bMdrgfhF bMbF dI mfr hyT afeIaF hn. rportF muqfibk 600 iklomItr muwK sVkF bMbF nfl Cyk idwqIaF geIaF ijs nfl afvfjfeI pRBfvq hoeI hY. Bwj rhy rPUjIaF nMU Bwjx vfsqy rsqy bMd ho gey hn. 8 lwK qoN  vwD lok byGr ho gey hn. 5 hjLfr qoN vwD rhfiesLI mkfn iejLrfeIlI bMbF nfl qbfh ho gey hn.

          600 qoN vwD ilbnfnI isvlIan mfry gey hn aqy hjLfrF jLKLmI hoey hn. sYNkVy Zih-ZyrI kIqIaF iemfrqF dy mlby ivwc dwby pey hn. kuJ aMdfjLy imRqkF dI igxqI 1000 qoN  vwD dwsdy hn. iehnF imRqkF ivwc 50-75 gurIly dwsy jf rhy hn. iewk gurIlf mfrn vfsqy iejLrfeIl 8 qoN 10 isvIlIan mfr irhf hY aqy iek gurIlf mfrn ipwCy 50-60 hjLfr lokF nMU  byGry kr irhf hY.

          ieQoN qwk ik iejLrfeIl ny sMXukq rfsLtr dy abjLrbrF nMU nhIN bKLisLaf AuhnF dI cONkI `qy hmlf kr ky cfr abjLrvr mfr idwqy hn ijhnF ivwc iewk knyzIan vI sLfml hY. sMXukq rfsLtr dy skwqr jnrl koPI anfn ny iewkqrPLf XuwD nMU rokx dIaF keI apIlF kIqIaF hn. rom ivwc pRmuwK qfkqF dI mIitMg XuwD rokx ivwc nfkfm rhI hY aqy kYnyzf smyq keI pwCmI dysL iejLrfeIl nMU “kMm-pUrf” (iPinsL d jfb) krn df smF idwqy jfx dI vkflq kr rhy hn. iejLrfeIl ny ies nMU afpxI sPLfrqI ijwq dwisaf hY.

          ilbnfn dy nfl hI iejLrfeIl ny PlsqInIaF `qy vI bIqy 4 hPLiqaF qoN hmly qyjL kIqy hoey hn. sLihrF ivwc lokF dy GrF `qy imjLfelF dfgIaF jf rhIaF hn aqy hr rojL drjnF lok mfry jf rhy hn. amrIkf dI ivdysL mMqrI bIbI rfeIs lokF dIaF awKF pUMJx aqy iejLrfeIl nMU hwlfsLyrI dyx vfsqy gyVf mfr afeI hY. bIbI aqy Aus df dysL vI amn cfhuMdf hY pr amn hoxf iejLrfeIl dIaF sLrqF `qy hI cfhIdf hY.

          KLbrF ieh vI afeIaF hn ik amrIkf ny iejLrfeIl nMU bMbF dIaF KypF dI zilvrI qyjL kr idwqI hY. sfl 2005 ivwc KrIdy gey Kfs iksm dy vwzy bMb ijhnF nMU “bMkr-bstr” Bfv morcy-qoVU afiKaf jFdf hY, PtfPt iejLrfeIl nMU Byjy jf rhy hn. ilbnfn dy sLihrF ivwc ieh bMb, bMkr Gwt aqy Gr qy pirvfr vwD qoVdy hn.

          ‘ihjLbuwlf’ gurIilaF qoN afpxy dysL aqy sLihrIaF nMU bcfAux df iejLrfeIl nMU pUrf hwk hY pr ieh hwk ijwQoN dUjy df nwk sLurU huMdf hY AuWQy af ky Kqm ho jFdf hY. dUjy dy nwk qoN awgy vDx nfl ieh hwk “XuWD-aprfD” bx jFdf hY. jy ieh “vOr-krfeIm” nhIN qF iPr “vOr-krfeIm” iks blfa df nfm hY? ‘jLorfvr df swqIN vIhIN sO’ sLfied ies iksm dy vrqfry nMU hI afKdy hn.

-sONkI ieMglYNzIaf

 


“syvf” afeI sLwk dy Gyry ivwc!

          hr Drm aMdr hI syvf df bhuq rOlf hY. iekwlf rOlf hI nhIN, syvf df sQfn vI Drm aMdr bhuq AuWcf mMinaF jFdf hY. hr Drm hI iensfnIaq dy Bly aqy syvf df hokf idMdf jfpdf hY. awj dy ienPrmysLn dy Xwug ivwc qF hr Drm vfsqy “pbilk rIlysLn” bhuq aihmIaq rwKdy hn. aqy pbilk rIlYsLn vfsqy “syvf” iek bRmasqr hY.

          jd kdy vI hornF nMU BrmfAux aqy afpxy afp nMU cMgy sfbq krn dI loV hovy qF hr Drm hI afpxy afp nMU mfnvqf df rfKf sfbq krn dI koisLsL krdf hY. hr Drm ivwc hI DrmI aqy cMgy lokF hn pr nfl hI Drm nMU vrq ky afpxy afp nMU cMgy sfbq krn vfilaF dI vI hr Drm ivwc Gft nhIN hY.

          Esfmf vI lVfeI Drm dI hI lV irhf hY aqy kwtVpMQI muslmfn Esfmf aqy al-kfiedf df smrQn vI Drm dI rfKI dy nfm `qy hI kr rhy hn. torFto ivwc PVy gey 17 muslmfn nOjvfn vI afpxy Drm dI rfKI dy nfm `qy hI skImF GV rhy sn.

          ajy do ku hPLqy pihlF hI pMQ dy keI vfihd afgU jo isKI nMU bulMdIaF `qy lYjfx dy vwzy vwzy pRogrfm AulIkI bYTy hn, syvf leI afps ivwc pwgo-pwgI aqy ikRpfno-ikRpfnI ho ky hty hn.

          iswK ivwc syvf dI bhuq mhfnqf mMnI jFdI hY iehI kfrn hY ik gurdvfiraF ivwc lMgr cldy hn qy aMn pfxI pwkx qy vrqx qoN BFzy Dox dI syvf df kMm “syvf” vjoN hI huMdf hY. kuJ smyN qoN nvyN mhOl aqy loV nMU vyKidaF hoieaF ivdysLF ivwc afpxf nfm hI syvfdfr rwK ky “syvf” hfsl krn df islislf sLurU hoieaf hY. kuJ lokF df iKafl hY ik Drm asQfnF dy pRDfn qy kmytIaF afpxy nfm awgy syvfdfr lgf lYx qF hlImI pYdf ho jFdI hY qy mMn ivwc hMkfr pYdf nhIN huMdf.

          hux sLONkI socdY ik jd ahudydfrF ny afpxy nfvF awgy syvfdfr sLbd dI vrqoN sLurU kIqI hovygI qF iksy isafxy pRDfn dy mn ivwc jLrUr “mwuK mMqrI” “muwK aiDafpk” vrgy sLbd GuMmy hoxgy. jy mMqrIaF dy mMzl dy muwKI df tfeItl muwK mMqrI aqy aiDafpkF dy muwKI df tfeItl muwK aiDafpk ho skdf hY qF iPr syvfdfrF dy muwKI df nfm “muwK syvfdfr” ikAuN nhIN ho skdf?

          qknIkI qOr `qy gwl iblkul TIk hY pr hlImI leI sLurU kIqI geI jMg syvfdfr dy awgy muwK syvfdfr lgfAux nfl KLqm ho jFdI hY. nf qF muwK mMqrI Dfrimk syvf vflf ruqbf hY aqy nf muwK aiDafpk hI Dfrimk syvf vflf ruqbf hY, dovyN hI qnKfh lYNdy hn aqy afpxy afpxy Kyqr ivwc cMgf dbdbf rwKdy hn.

          hux qF swuK nfl Dfrimk “syvfdfrI” `qy kbjLf krn jF ies nMU bhfl rwKx vfsqy  motIaf motIaf rkmF KrcIaF jFdIaF hn. zMzy-soty qoN kort kichrI qwk df shfrf ilaf jFdf hY. koeI hor ieh syvf nf kr jfvy ies df keIaF nMU supinaF ivwc vI iPkr lwgf rihMdf hY.

          iswKI ivwc gRMQI nMU gurU df vjLIr hox df mfx idwqf jFdf hY. vjLIr df kMm gurU dI syvf ivwc hfjLr rihxf aqy gurU dy BgqF nMU syD dyxI huMdf hY qF ik Dfrimk kdrF kImqF df siqkfr bhfl rwiKaf jfvy. iek qrF nfl gurU df vjLIr vI Dfrimk “syvf” hI pRdfn krdf hY.

          aksr keI KLbrF ivwc gurU dy kuJ vjLIrF dy kMmF df vI crcf pVHn jF sunx nMu iml jFdf hY. kuJ ies qrF dI KLbr sLONkI ny jUn mhIny ivwc iek pMjfbI prcy ivwc pVHI sI. sfrI dI sfrI KLbr kuJ ies qrF hY.

          “ipMz bzysroN nyVy gVHsLMkr ivKy iek lVkI dy anMd kfrj smyN AudoN sfrf pMzfl hwkf-bwkf rih igaf jdoN sRI gurU gRMQ sfihb ivcoN lfvF vflf pMnf gfieb pfieaf igaf. imlI jfxkfrI anusfr sRI Bolf rfm pRDfn gurduafrf sRI gurU rvIdfs ipMz bzysroN ny puils nUM ilKqI isLkfieq ivc dwisaf ik hrmysL lfl dI lVkI dI sLfdI vfsqy anMd kfrj dI rsm gurmrXfdf anusfr inBfAux leI pivwqr bIV nUM gurduafrf sfihb qoN ilaFdf igaf sI pr jdoN lfvF df smF hoieaf qF sRI gurU gRMQ sfihb ivcoN lfvF vflf pMnf gfieb sI aqy pfTI smyq pUrf pMzfl ies df koeI jvfb nf dy sikaf. jdoN gurduafrf sfihb dy gRMQI joigMdr isMG qoN puwCigwC kIqI qF Aus ny mMinaf ik ieh pMnf Aus ny jfx-buwJ ky pfiVaf ikAuNik anMd kfrj krn vfsqy Aus nUM nhIN bulfieaf igaf. jfxkfrI anusfr ies gRMQI nUM iqMn mhIny pihlF hI rwiKaf igaf sI. puils ny ies sbMDI Dfrf 295-ey aDIn prcf drj krky Aukq gRMQI nUM kfbU kr ilaf hY qy Aus koloN puwCigwC kr rhI hY.”

          amrIkf dy atlFtf sUby dy iek gurdvfry ivwc qfibaf bYTy gurU ky vjLIr vwloN sYWl Pon `qy puils bulfAux dI KLbr jo sLONkI nMU zyZ ku mhInf pihlF pVHn nMU imlI Auh kuJ ies qrf hY.

          “aYtlFtf :- ieQy iswK stwzI srkl gurU-Gr ivc pMjfb dy msLhUr ipMz pMjvV dy vfsI s: minMdr isMG iZwloN dI bytI dy ivafh ivc sLfiml sMgqF dI hYrfnI aqy bycYnI dI Aus vkq koeI hwd nf rhI jdoN gurU-Gr dy gRMQI igafnI krnYl isMG ny lfvF afp pVHx dI ijLd ivc pihlF gur-mrXfdf anusfr ho rhy afnMd kfrj dIaF rsmF nUM rokx dI koisLsL kIqI. siQqI Aus smyN bhuq hI ivsPotk ho geI jdoN gurU mhfrfj dI qfibaf ivc bYTy iesy gRMQI krnYl isMG ny gur-mrXfdf dI pRvfh nf kridaF qfibaf ivc bYiTaF hI sYWl Pon qoN kfl krky swcmwuc hI puils bulf leI. puils dIvfn hfl ivc nMgy isr aqy bUtF smyq dfKl vI ho geI. ivafh ivc sLfiml kuJ pqvMqy swjxF ny sMjm aqy smJdfrI qoN kMm lYNidaF puils nUM iswK Drm dI rihq mrXfdf bfry dIvfn hfl qoN bfhr rih ky hI mfmlf sulJfAux dI bynqI kIqI jo puils ny mMn leI. imlI jfxkfrI muqfibk s: minMdr isMG iZwloN ny 6 meI 2006 nUM afpxI DI df afnMd kfrj inXq kIqf aqy ies sbMDI gurdvfrf pRbMDk kmytI pfsoN 6 mfrc nUM hI pRogrfm buwk krvf ilaf aqy ivafh dy kfrz vI irsLqydfrF nUM Byj idwqy. acfnk 9 apRYl nUM ies gurU Gr dI pRbMDk kmytI ny kiQq qOr `qy igafnI krnYl isMG dy dbfa hyT af ky iswK rihq mrXfdf dy Ault ieh PYslf kr idwqf ik gRMQI krnYl isMG qoN ibnF koeI vI hor gRMQI jF sMgq df mYNbr afnMd kfrj dI rsm pUrI nhIN krvf skygf. s: minMdr isMG ny s: gulbrg isMG bfsI rfhIN borz nUM gurU Gr dI pihlF vflI nIqI anusfr hI afnMd kfrjF dI rsm afpxI mrjLI dy gRMQI jF sMgq dy iksy mYNbr qoN pUrI krn dI iejfjLq mMgI pRMqU gurU Gr dI pRbMDk kmytI ny s: iZwloN nUM nvIN nIqI ivc koeI qbdIlI krn qoN ienkfr kr idwqf.”

          “syvf” df hwk lYx jF brkrfr rwKx vfsqy iksy gurU ky vjLIr vwloN pwqry pfV lYx jF puils bulfAux dI hwd qwk cly jfx qoN sfbq huMdf hY ik ies ivwc  syvf dy nfl nfl sLfied myvf bhuqf hY. myvf mfieaf df hovy jF ruqby df, myvf qf myvf hI hY.

          kuJ smF pihlF sLONkI nMU iek aYsI KLbr pVHn nMU imlI ijs ivwc ikhf igaf sI ik aMimRq dy bfty vfsqy pivqr pqfsy iqafr krn vfsqy iek kroV df pRfjYkt lgfieaf jfvygf. jd sLONkI Gr bYTf iek pMjfbI prcy ivwc lwgI ieh KLbr pVH irhf sI qF sLONkx sux ky hI vfKrU vfKrU krn lwg peI. aKy ieh qF bhuq vwzI “syvf” df kMm hY jo iksy iksmq vfly dy hI ihwsy afAuNdf hY. sLONkI ny soicaf ik awj pivqr pqfsy iqafr krn df pRfjYkt lwg irhf hY kwl nMU pRsLfd vfsqy KMz iqafr krn leI iml lgfAuxI pvygI.  iPr ies iml vfsqy pivqr gMny pYdf krn vfsqy vwKry Pfrm Kohlxy pYxgy. pRsLfd vfsqy iGE iqafr krn vfsqy vwKry zYrI PfrmF aqy afty leI pivqr kxk dy Pfrm qy kxk pIsx vfsqy pivqr afty vfsqy imlF vI lgfAuxIaF pY skdIaF hn.

          afKr pivqr vsqUaF  dI “syvf” vfsqy iks hwd qwk jfieaf jfvygf? gurU dy rumfilaF vfsqy pivqr kpfh dy Pfrm aqy imlF dI loV pvygI aqy gurU dy lMgr vfsqy lUx, qyl aftf vgYrf vI qF pivqr hoxf jLrUrI hI hY nf.  gurU dy mihlF vfsqy pivqr iewtF, sImYNt, lwkVI aqy gurU dy srUpF vfsqy pivqr kfgjL dI “syvf” dI looV qoN ikvyN ienkfrI hoieaf jf skdf hY. AuNJ iswK nf qF vihmF BrmF ivwc XkIn krdy hn aqy nf bRfhmxI irvfjLF ivwc. iswKI qF bxI hI bRfmxvfd qoN Cutkfrf pf ky smfj ivwc Auc-nIc dy Kfqmy vfsqy hY.

          ajy do  ku hPLqy pihlF hI syvf vfly bfibaF df ivvfd aKbfrF dIaF surKIaF bx ky hitaf hY. Auh bfby jo sMgq dy kroVF dy dfn nfl gurUDfmF dI syvf krdy hn. Auh bfby ijhnF dI apIl sux ky mfeIaF afpxIaF murkIaF aqy rfxI hfr lfh ky syvf vfly bfty jF sMdUkVI ivwc pf idMdIaF hn qF ik ieh gurU dy Bvn dI suinhrI Jfl dy kMm af jfx jF gurU dy srUp leI sonpflkI df ihwsf bx jx. iehnF bfibaF ny hI nnkfxf sfihb vfsqy sonpflkI idwlI dy srnf BrfvF dy khy bxvfeI sI ijs `qy sLfied 10 iklo sonf lwigaf dwisaf igaf sI.

          lokF dI hYrfnI dI Es smyN koeI hwd nf rhI jd bfbf jgqfr isMG ny ieh dosL lgf idwqf ik Aus df iek sfQI syvf vflf bfbf ijs df nfm amrIk isMG hY, kroVF dI TwgI mfr ky rUhposL ho igaf hY. bfbf jgqfr isMG ny bfbf amrIk isMG nMU muKiqafrnfmf idwqf hoieaf sI ijs nfl bfbf amrIk isMG “syvf” dy KfiqaF df adfn-pRdfn krdf sI.

          bfbf amrIk isMG `qy lfey gey iehnF vwzy gbn dy dosLF qoN kuJ idn bafd hI bfbf amrIk isMG ny bfbf jgqfr isMG `qy juvfbI vfr kridaf ikhf ik bfbf jgqfr isMG Aus qoN kuJ njfiejL kMm krvfAuxy cfhuMdf sI aqy jd Aus ny ienkfr kr idwqf qF Aus nMU bdnfm krn vfsqy ajyhy PjLUl dy dosL lgfey gey hn aqy Aus ny koeI vI gbn nhIN kIqf. bfbf amrIk isMG ny bfbf jgqfr isMG `qy juvfbI gbn dy dosL vI lgfey.

          “syvf” vfly vwzy bfby AulJy vyK ky lokF dy mnF ivwc keI qrF dy svfl pYdf hoxy sLurU ho gey. sLRomxI kmytI vI duicwqI ivwc pY geI aqy iPr syvf vfly bfibaF qoN “syvf” vfps lYx df aYlfn kr idwqf igaf.

          agly idn hI sLied 11 juleI nMU sLRRomxI kmytI dy pRDfn jQy: avqfr isMG ny iek aihm aYlfn kr ky  sLRRomxI kmytI vwloN 9 julfeI nUM gu: mMjI sfihb aflmgIr ivKy hoeI aMiqRMg kmytI dI mIitMg ivc bfbf jgqfr isMG kfr syvf vfilaF qoN syvf vfps lYx sbMDI kIqy gey PYsly nUM hfl dI GVI rokx df aYlfn kr idwqf. ies dy nfl hI pRDfn jQydfr avqfr isMG ny ikhf ik bfbf jgqfr isMG vwloN iswK gurDfmF dI kfr syvf ivc pfey gey Xogdfn dI rOsLnI ivc sLRRomxI kmytI jldI hI iek hMgfmI mIitMg swd ky ies sbMDI kIqy gey mqy Aupr punr ivcfr krygI. hux svfl pYdf huMdf hY ik 9 julfeI nMU jd ieh pYslf kIqf igaf sI ik syvf vfps lY lYxI hY qd pUrf ivcfr ikAuN nf kIqf igaf?

          kuJ lok ieh vI socdy hn ik “syvf” vfps lYx dy PYsly `qy rok df kfrn ikqy afpxI  gupq “syvf” hI nf hovy?

                -sLONkI ieMglYNzIaf

 


kwtVpMQIaF nMU Auksf ky iswKF `c KfnfjMgI krvfAux `qy qulI hoeI jfpdI hY ‘rfjy’ dI srkfr!

          julfeI 2 nMU sRI akfl qKLq sfihb dI sQfpqI dI cOQI sLqfbqI mOky hoey smfgm ivwc ikRpfnF ilsLkx aqy jwQydfrF dIaF pwgF lwQx dI KLbr nfl koeI vI amn psMd aqy Dfrimk ibrqI vflf iensfn KusL nhIN ho skdf. pMj jwQydfrF dI hfjLrI ivwc drbfr sfihb smUh dy aMdr vfprI ieh sLrmnfk Gtnf dI ijMnI inMdf kIqI jfvy Gwt hY.

          ieh Gtnf qF iek sLurUafq hI sI ies qoN bfad sLurU hoeI dosLF aqy juvfbI dosLF dI lVI ijs ny dysL ivdysL dy pMjfbI aKLbfrF aqy pMjfb nfl sbMD hor mIzIey nMU, akflIaF nMU bdnfm krn vfsqy BrpUr smwgrI splfeI kIqI hY. julfeI do dI durGtnf dI gwl ajy cwl hI rhI sI aqy dosLF qy juvfbI dosLF dI JVI lwgI hI hoeI sI ik 8 julfeI nMU luiDafxf ivwc bfdl aqy mfn dlF ivwckfr jMm ky zFgF-soitaF nfl XuwD hoieaf jo ik iPlmfieaf vI igaf aqy PotobMd vI kIqf igaf.  bfdl dl aqy Bfjpf dI mIitMg dy bfhr ‘mujLfhrf’ krn afey mfn dlIaF dI igxqI Gwt hox kfrn swtF AuhnF dy vwD lwgIaF suxIaF hn.

          sRI akfl qKLq sfihb vfly smfgm ivwc qF Auh swdy `qy gey sn AuhnF dy afpxy dfavy dy muqfibk aqy JgVf s: mfn nMU bolx df smF nf idwqy jfx kfrn hoieaf sI. pr luiDafxf ivwc bfdl dl aqy Bfjpf dI sFJI mIitMg dy bfhr Auh iksy dy khy mujLfhrf krn gey sn ies df pqf nhIN lwg sikaf. mfn dl nMU bfdl dl aqy Bfjpf dI sFJ cMgI nhIN lgdI ieh gwl sfrf jwg jfxdf hY pr ies mOky mujLfhrf krn jfx dI koeI quk nhIN sI bxdI. bfdl-Bfjpf sFJ cMgI qF kYptn dI kFgrs nMU vI nhIN lgdI pr Auh afp mujLfhry krn nhIN jFdy horF nMU Byjdy hn. mfn dl dI keI ajyhy dlF nfl sFJ hY jo bfdl dl nMU cMgI nhIN lgdI hovygI pr Auh kdy mfn dl dy iKlfPL mujLhrf krn nhIN gey. AuNJ ‘rfjy’ dI kFgrs qF ajyhf hI cfhuMdI hovygI ik bfdl dl juvfbI mujLfhrf kry aqy iPr akflI dlF dI dldl ivwc “awK bdly awK” kwZx df islislf sLurU ho jfvy. qy iPr iek dUjy dIaF awKF kwZ kwZ ky aMny hoey akflIaF ivckfr kfxI kFgrs ibnF jLor lfieaF hI asfnI nfl “rfjf” bx jfvy.

          rfjfsLfhI dy Kfqmy dI awDI sdI bfad muK mMqrI kYptn amirMdr isMG jo ik afpxy afp nMU ajy vI “rfjf” aKvf ky KusL huMdy lgfqfr ajyhy muwdy CyV rhy hn ijhnF nfl akflIaF  nMU kwtV phuMc apxfAux leI mujbUr kIqf sky. Dfrimk muwidaF ivwc dKLlaMdfjLI df “rfjf” jI koeI vI mOkf KflI nhIN jfx idMdy. ies kMm vfsqy AuhnF idwlI dy srnf BrfvF nMU vI mohrf bxf ky vriqaf hY.

          aMgryjLI dI iek pRisD khfvq hY, “aYnImI afPL mfeI aYnImI iejL mfeI PrYNz.” Bfv myry dusLmx df dusLmx myrf imwqr hY. kwtVpMQI aqy vwKvfdI iswK bfdl akflI dl dy dusLmx hn ies leI Auh afpxy afp hI “rfjy” dI kFgrs dy Auprokq PfrmUly muqfibk dosq bx jFdy hn. s: bfdl aqy AuhnF dy dl duwD Doqf nhIN hY pr iek vwKrf muwdf hY.  hYrfnI ies gwl dI hY ik  afpxy afp nMU dysL dI eykqf aqy afKMzqf dI mudeI dwsx vflI kFgrs vwKvfdIaF dI njLr ivwc cMgI ikAuN hY aqy akflI dl AuhnF dIaF awKF ivwc rVkdf ikAuN hY? jy vwKvfdIaF dIaF awKF ivwc bfdl akflI dl rVkdf hY aqy sFJ AuhnF dI “rfjy” dI kFgrs nfl hY qF iPr dysL Bgq hox dy twl rfjy dI kFgrs iks aDfr `qy KVkf rhI hY?

          kihMdy hn ik ieiqhfs keI vfr afpxy afp nMU duhrfAuuNdf hY aqy sLONkI nMU ieiqhfs iek vfr iPr duhrfAux vfly pfsy vD irhf jfpdf hY. kdy pMjfb dy kFgrsI muwK mMqrI igafnI jLYl isMG ny vI  akflIaF nfl Drm dI “aMdrUnI” isafsq KyzxI sLurU kr idwqI sI. akflIaF `qy iPrkU hox df dosL lgfAux vflI kFgrs dy muwK mMqrI afp akflIaF qoN vwD akflI bx gey sn qy dfavy kIqy jFdy sn ik akflIaF qoN sfry muwdy igafnI jLYl isMG ny Koh ley hn. akflIaF nMU Gyrn vfsqy kIqI geI GyrfbMdI ivwc sMq iBMzrFvflf kFgrsI cwkrivAU df aihm ihwsf sI. ipwCoN jo duKFq vfpiraf Auh pMjfb dy aiq drdnfk ieiqhfs df ihwsf hY.

          awj iPr KLbrF pVHn qy sunx nMU iml rhIaF hn ik “rfjf sfihb” ny akflIaF qoN sfry muwdy Koh ley hn. akflIaF nMU Gyrn vfsqy jo cwkrivAU “rfjy” dI kFgrs rc rhI hY Aus ivwc akflI AulJx nf AulJx, dysL dy AulJ jfx df pUrf Kqrf hY. pihlF vI “kIqIaF duwly dIaF pysL lwdI dy afeIaF” vflI gwl hoeI sI. awj vI dysL awqvfd dy BUq nfl do cfr ho irhf hY. isafsI qfkq akflIaF kol hovy jF kFgrs kol, nfloN ieh ikqy vwD jLrUrI hY ik dysL ivwc amn-sLFqI df bol bolf hovy qy sLihrIaF dI jfno-mfl nMU koeI KLqrf nf hovy.

          akflIaF dI Bfjpf nfl sFJ isrP akflIaF dy isafsI ihwq ivwc hI nhIN hY sgoN pMjfb df mhOl sfjLgfr rwKx leI vI ihqkfrI hY. ieh sFJ ihMdU igxI jFdI Bfjpf dy AudfrvfdIkrn aqy iekwly iswKF  dI pfrtI vwjoN jfxy jFdy akflI dl dy “pMjfbIkrn” vfsqy vI jLrUrI hY. jy Drm dy aDfr `qy rfjsI pfrtIaF bnx qoN pUrI qrF nhIN bicaf jf skdf qF Gwto Gwt  ajyhIaF pfrtIaF nMU “kwtVvfdI” jF iPrkfpRsq bnx qoN bcfAux df rsqf jLrUr Kuwlf rwKxf cfhIdf hY.

          akflI-Bfjpf isafsI sFJ qoN dysL aqy pMjfb df qF nuksfn dI bjfey lfB huMdf hY pr nuksfn “rfjy” dI kFgrs nMU huMdf hY. akflI pyNzUU votF kFgrs qoN Kohx dy Xog hn qy akflI-Bfjpf gwTjoV sLihrI votrF nMU afkrsLq krn ivwc kfmXfb ho skdf hY. akflI-Bfjpf gwTjoV df tfkrf krn vfsqy hI kFgrs akflI dl dy ivroDI kwtVpMQIaF nMU pwTy pf rhI hY.

          muwK mMqrI amirMdr isMG akflIaF dI lVfeI nfl sfzf koeI srokfr nhIN dy ibafn jLrUr dfg rhy hn pr aMdro aMdr apxI pYNqVybfjLI nMU iml rhI sPLlqf qoN KusL hn qy akflIaF nMU pwgolwQI huMdy vyK ky muwCF ivwc hwsdy pRqIq huMdy hn.

          akflIaF nUM lVdy vyK ky iekwly “rfjf” sfihb hI KusL nhIN hn sgoN KusL qF Auh vI hn jo afpxI pYNtF aqy pjfmIaF dy hyT “lfl-kwCIaF” pfeI iPrdy hn aqy dysL dI eykqf dy mudeI aKvfAuNdy hn. bfdl dl df aMnf ivroD AuhnF qoN Auh kuJ krvfeI jf irhf jo kwtVpMQIaF dy pUrf rfs afAuNdf hY.

          kwtVpMQIaF df BYa dy ky “rfjy” dI kFgrs, akflIaF nMU  kwtV phuMc apnfAux leI mjbUr krnf cfhuMdI hY. kFgrs jfxdI hY ik kwtVF df tfkrf krn vfsqy akflIaF nMU vwD “DrmI” hoxf pvygf aqy awj dy Xwug ivwc DrmI hox df BulyKf dyx vfsqy hr Drm ivwc hI hor kwtV hoxf pYNdf hY. aqy afkflIaF dy kwtVpMQI phuMc apxfAuNdy sfr hI iek qF AuhnF dI Bfjpf nfl sFJ tuwt jfvygI jF Gwto Gwt Bfjpf leI ieh sFJ pugfAuxI aOKI ho jfvygI qy dUjf AudfrvfdI iswK votr akflIaF nMU Cwz ky kFgrs dI sLrn ivwc af jfvygf.

          ieiqhfs gvfh hY ik ies nfl iek qIjI iDr qfkqvr ho skdI hY jo iPr akflIaF aqy kFgrsIaF dovF nMU agly do ku dhfky vfxHI pf skdI hY. akflI aqy kFgrsIey qF Gysl vwt ky vI jIxf jfxdy hn pr bfdl dl nMU awzIaF cuwk cuwk ky kosx vfly “lfl kwCIaF” vfilaF nMU lYxy ky dyxy pY skdy hn.

          akflIaF nMU pwgolwQI huMdy vyK ky bfdl ivroDIaF nMU KusL nhIN hoxf cfhIdf. “rfjy” dI kFgrs, bfdl dl df tfkrf sfriQk isafsI phuMc apxf ky vI kr skdI hY. ies vfsqy Aus nMU akflIaF nMU kmjLor krn vfsqy afpxy afp nMU mjLbUq aqy vDIaf isafsI pRogrfm nfl lYs krnf pvygf.

          bfdl dl ivroDI, vwK vwK dlIaF kol isrPL iek nukfqI pRogrfm hY aqy Auh hY “vwKvfd” nMU afny-bhfny AuBfrnf aqy iehI kfrn hY kdy s: mfn Kfilsqfn dI krdy hn qy ajLfdI ajLfdI krn lwg jFdy hn. keI vfr AuhnF nMU afnMdpur sfihb df mqf Xfd af jFdf hY. dysL ivdysL dy vwKvfdIaF df mfn dl dy Audfly juVnf “rfjy” dI kFgrs vfsqy vI isfasI cOksI df kfrn bnxf cfhIdf hY. jy ajy vI swqf `qy kfbjL hox vfsqy kFgrs ny Gysl vwtI rwKI qF sLONkI nMU ieh afKx ivwc koeI iJjk nhIN hY ik ‘rfjy’ dI srkfr kwtVpMQIaF nMU Auksf ky iswKF `c KfnfjMgI krvfAux `qy qulI hoeI hY.

durGtnfvF iqMnF iqMnF dy jutF ivwc vfprdIaF hn!

          bhuq smF pihlF iewk swjx ny sLONkI nMU dwisaf sI durGtnfvF iqMnF iqMnF dy jutF ivwc vfprdIaF hn. swjx jI gwl hvfeI jhfjLF dy hfdisaF dI kr rhy sn aqy kudrqI AuhnIN idnIN hPLqy ku dy smyN ivwc dunIaF ivwc iqMn hvfeI jhfjL krYsL hoey sn.  ies hPLqy sLONkI nMU swjx jI df ikhf muMbeI bMb kFZ mOky Xfd af igaf AuNJ BfvyN mMbeI bMb kFZ hvfeI durGtnf nhIN hY pr durGtnf ieh bhuq vwzI hY. KfsIaq ieh vI hY ik muMbeI bMb kFz qoN aYn pihlF do iBafnk hvfeI durGtnfvF bIqy hPLqy dOrfn hI vfprIaF hn.

          pihlF rUs dI iewk eyar lfeIn df eyar-bws 310 hvfeI jhfjL hfdsf pRsq hoieaf ijs ivwc zyZ sO qoN vwD ivakqI mfry gey aqy do idn bfad pfiksqfn ieMtrnYsLnl eyarlfeInjL df Pokr aYPL 27 hvfeI jhfjL krYsL hoieaf ijs ivwc 45 dy krIb mOqF hoeIaF. iehnF do durGtnfvF dy qurMq bfad muMbeI ivwc lVIvfr bMb DmfikaF ivwc 200 dy krIb mOqF aqy 800 dy krIb lok jLKLmI hoey hn.

          iehnF durGtnfvF dy iqMnF dy jutF vwc vfprnf BfvyN mihj iek sbwb hI hovy pr hoieaf ieMJ hI hY aqy ajyhy mOky sDfrn iensfn iksy sMBfvnf `qy vI XkIn krn qur pYNdf hY.

          ies hPLqy durGtnfvF dy iqMnF iqMnF dy jutF `c vfprn dI Dfrnf Bfrq `qy iewk hor pwKoN vI pUrI lfgU huMdI hY. julfeI 8 nMU Bfrq ny dUr mfr krn vflI imjLfeIl agnI-999 dI prK kIqI qF ieh qknIkI nuks kfrn Auzfx Brdy sfr hI smuMdr ivwc jf izwgI. 3500 iklomItr qwk mfr krn vflI ies imjLfeIl dy Pyhl ho jfx nfl Bfrq dy rwiKaf pRogrfm nMU kfPLI Dwkf lwgf hY. pYsy df nuksfn ikMnf ko hoieaf hY ies bfry rwiKaf ivBfg cuwp hY pr asPLlqf dy kfrnF dI qPLqIsL cwl rhI hY.

          agly hI idn Bfrq ny sRIhrI kotf rfkt ryNj qoN iek rfkt dfigaf ijs df nfm jI[ aYs[ aYl[ vI[ 02 dwisaf igaf hY. sMcfr Aup gRih iensYWt-4 sI nUM pulfV `c lY ky jf irhf jI[ aYs[ aYl[ vI[-aYP 02 afpxy imsLn `c nfkfm ho igaf aqy smuMdr ivwc izwg ipaf. sLurU ivwc TIk qrIky nfl Auzfx Brn qoN kuJ sYikMz ipwCoN 414 twn Bfrf qy 49 mItr lMbf lFc vhIkl afpxy pRpyK-pQ qoN Btk ky krYsL ho igaf. ies nfl Bfrq dy pulfV pRogrfm nMU sKLq Jtkf lwgf aqy nuksfn 350 kroV df hoieaf. qPLqIsL ies dI vI lgdy hwQ hI sLurU kr idwqI geI sI.

          dysL ajy iehnF do asPLlqfvF nMU hjLm krn dI koisLsL hI kr irhf sI ik 7/11 dy nfm nfl jfxI jfx vflI durGtnf vfpr geI. muMbeI tRyn isstm `qy kIqy gey ieh bMb Dmfky swqvyN mhIny dI 11 qrIk nMU kIqy gey aqy kuwl swq Dmfky 11 imMt dy arsy dOrfn kIqy gey. Bfrq dy aMdr vfprn vflI ieh lgfqfr qIjI durGtnf sI aqy ies nfl  durGtnfvF iqMnF dy jutF ivwc vfprdIaF hn vflI gwl sLONkI nMU iek vfr iPr Xfd af geI.

-sLONkI ieMglYNzIaf

 


pfpf bfJhu hovY nfhI muieaf sfiQ n jfeI]

          aYnrfn amrIkf dI iek bhu kroVI kMpnI sI jo 2001 ivwc bYNk-rpt ho geI sI jF ieMJ kih lE ik aYnrfn df dIvflf inkl igaf sI. aYnrfn nMU bhuq kroVI afKxf vI hfQI nMU cUhf afKx vflI gwl hI hovygI. drasl aYnrfn dysI stYNzrz muqfibk iewk bhu-arbI kMpnI afKI jfxI cfhIdI hY.

          sI ieh kMpnI aQfH vwzI pr bYNk-rpt hox smyN aYnrfn kMpnI isr 31[8 iblIan amrIkfn zflr df krjLf sI aqy ies ivwc 4000 ivakqI kMm krdy sn. bYNk-rpt hox qoN aYn pihlF qwk ies kMMpnI dIaF rportF ies nMU iek ishqmMd kMpnI dwsdIaF sn ijs kfrn afm lok ies dy sLyar (ihwsy) KrIdI jf rhy sn aMdro aMdr ieh kMpnI kuJ vwzy mYnjrF qy pRbMDkF ny KoKlI kIqI hoieaf sI.

          1986 ivwc do vwzIaF gYs kMpnIaF dy rlyvyN nfl hoNd ivwc afeI aYnrfn kMpnI df pRDfn (cIPL agjLykitv) kYinQ lya nfm df ivakqI bixaF sI jo ies dy 2001 ivwc bYNk-rpt hox qwk pRDfn irhf. bYNk-rpt hox `qy jd hfhfkfr mcI qF amrIkn puils ny aYnrfn dy cIPL kYinQ lya smyq kuJ AuWc aPLsrF nMU byeImfnI qy Prfz krn ivwc cfrj kr ilaf.

          25 meI 2006 nMU bhuq lMby trfiel qoN bfad adflq ny kYinQ lya aqy Aus dy iek sfQI nMU vwzy Prfz dy kys ivwc dosLI grdfinaF aqy akqUbr ivwc sjLf sunfAux dI qrIk imwQI. ies dIvflIaf hoeI kMpnI df ieh sfbkf pRDfn eyzf vwzf kys lVn qoN bafd vI dosLI grdfny jfx qoN bafd afpxI ajLfdI vfsqy 5 imlIan zflr dI jLmfnq jmF krvfAux dy jog sI. sjLf imlx dI qrIk qwk jylH rihx nfloN kYinQ lya 5 imlIan amrIkn zflr dI jLmfnq dy ky ajLfdI dI hvf mfnx lwgf. Aus nMU 40 qoN 50 sfl qwk dI kYd dI sjLf idwqy jfx dIaF atklF lgfeIaF jf rhIaF sn.

          kYinQ lya ny afpxy sfQIaF nfl rl ky aYnrfn dy DMn dI Kyh AuzfeI sI ijs nfl ihwsydfrF dI qbfhI ho geI sI. buwDvfr 5 julfeI nMU 64 sflf kYinQ lya nMU Es smyN hfrt df atYk hoieaf jd Auh aYspn, kolorozo ivwc afpxy CuwtIaF kwtx vfly Gr ivwc sI. hspqfl phuMcidaF hI zfktrF ny Aus nMU murdf GoisLq kr idwqf. 64 sfl dI Aumr awj dy jLmfny ivwc bhuq Gwt Aumr mMnI jFdI hY aqy keI qF ies Aumr ivwc buZy aKvfAuxf vI psMd nhIN krdy. 64 sflf nvyN lfVy vI awj dy Xuwg ivwc afm hI iml jFdy hn.

          mfieaf dI ies Xuwg ivwc hoV lwgI hoeI hY. hr pfsy mfieaf df hI psfrf hY. jy iksy df gujLfrf aOKf hovy qF lok Aus nMU qfhny mfr mfr ky pRysLfn krI rwKdy hn aqy jy iksy dosq imwqr jF gvFZI df gujLfrf cMgf hovy qF Aus nfl eIrKf kIqI jFdI hY. mfieafDfrI jwg iksy pfsy vI KusL nhIN huMdf. cMdrI sLONkx qF hr vyly lokF dy buhy-bfrIaF, bwqIaF, kfrF iewQoN  qwk ky ikcn dy BFzy qwk igxdI rihMdI hY.

          bIqy idnIN akfl qKLq `qy hoeI hulVbfjLI dI jVH vI mfieaf hI hY. hY qF golk vI mfieaf pr golk dy AuWqoN dI hY kbjLy aqy srdfrI dI mfieaf ijs vfsqy styjLF `qy kbjLy kIqy jFdy hn.

          ies mOky Bfrq ivwc grmIaF df mOsm hY aqy Bfrq dy bhuqy mfieafDfrI afgUaF dIaF muhfrF ivdysLF vl hn. Auh ieDr nMU afAuNdy vI mfieaf dy isr `qy hn aqy afAuNdy vI mfieaf jf jfl hor gUVHf krn vfsqy hI hn. mfieaf leI Auh afpy vwzy smfj dy syvfdfr bx jFdy hn qy afpy afpxIaF isPLqF dy pul bMnx lwg pYNdy hn qy ivroDIaF dy poqVy Prolx lwg pYNdy hn.

          mfieaf kfrn hI awj BMg vycx vfilaF df hVH afieaf hoieaf hY. kuJ sflF ivwc hI mihlF vrgy GrF dy mflk bnxf iks nMU cMgf nhIN lgdf qy eysy kfrn hI awj sYNkVy pMjfbI nOjvfn zrfievr, amrIkf dIaF jylFH ivwc hn. iek gyVf lgf ky “jnm sPLlf” krn vfly iPr mfieaf dy jfl ivwc PLs jFdy hn. mfieaf iPr hor mfieaf dI mMg krdI hY. eyhI kfrn hY ik mfieafDfrI nMU mfieaf dI BuwK vDyry huMdI hY.

          kudrq ny dunIaF bhuqy rMgF ivwc sfjI hY. kudrq ivwc ivroDqfeIaF df vI jflL hI ivisLaf ipaf hY.  hr vsqU aqy hr afdq df Aultf srUp vI kudrq ivwc vyKx sunx nMU imldf hY. ijwQy kudrq ny mfieafDfrIaF aqy kMjUsF dI rcnf kIqI hY AuWQy vwzy dfnIaF aqy prAupkfrIaF df vI sLwtf idwqf hY, idwqf BfvyN ivrlf ivrlf hI hY.

          kuJ hPLqy pihlF sLONkI ieh KLbr pVH ky hYrfn rih igaf dunIaF dy dUjy vwzy amIr ivakqI ijs df nfm jnfb vfrn vPt hY  ny 30[7 iblIan amrIkn zflr df dfn idwqf hY. dfn idwqf iks nMU hY iek hor arbpqI nMU ijs df nfm hY jnfb ibl gyts. ibl gyts mfeIkrosfPLt kMpnI df mflk hY aqy dunIaF dy mUhrlI kqfr dy amIrF ivcoN iewk hY. ibwl gyts ny afpxI pqnI milMzf gyts nfl rl ky iek BlfeI sMsQf bxfeI hoeI hY ijs duafrf Auh afpxI kmfeI df vfDU ihwsf dunIaF ivwc grIbF dI BlfeI vfsqy Krcdy hn. ieh sMsQf hux qwk dunIaF dy bhuq sfry dysLF ivwc sYNkVy BfleI dy kfrj kr cukI hY aqy kr rhI hY.

          jnfb vfrn vPt ies kMm qoN eynf pRBfvq hoieaf ik Aus ny afpxI BlfeI sMsQf KVI krn dI QF 30[7 iblIan zfklr ieh kih ky ibwl gyts dI BlfeI sMsQf nMU dy idwqf ik ibwl dI cYirtI bhuq vDIaf kMm kr rhI hY qy Aus nMU ies qoN vDIaf BlfeI plYn hor ikqy nhIN lwB skdI.

          bIqy hPLqy vwK vwK KojIaF dy aDfr `qy bxI iek tIm ny lMbI qPLqIsL aqy puxCfx qoN bfad ikhf hY ik pYsy nfl KusLI nhIN imldI Bfv amIr hox nfl KusL nhIN hoieaf jf skdf. pRo: krUgr ny ikhf hY ik bhuqy pYsy vfly lok bhuqI strYs (mfnisk dbfE) ivwc vyKy jf skdy hn. Aus ny ikhf hY ik lok smJdy hn ik vDyry pYsy nfl Auh suKI ho jfxgy pr drasl Auh glq Dfrnf DfrI bYTy hoey huMdy hn aqy jd iksy imwQy mfiek insLfny `qy awpVdy hn qF pqf lgdf hY ik ieh kfPLI nhIN hY. insLfnf iPr hor Aucf imwQ ilaf jFdf hY qy dOV iPr hor qyjL ho jFdI hY.

          qy iPr ies 84 dy cwkr ivcoN Cutkfr AudoN huMdf hY jd aYnrfn dy sfbkf cIPL kYinQ lya  vFg kudrq sfh bMd kr idMdI hY.  ikrsF, pfpF, qMgIaF aqy hyrfPyrIaF  nfl iekwTI kIqI ieh mfieaf iPr nfl nhIN jFdI.

-sLONkI ieMglYNzIaf

 

 


KLbrdfr! hux aPrIkf ivwc vI iewk “qfilbfnI aPLgfinsqfn” puMgr irhf hY!

 

          iewk aPLgfinsqfn ny awj dunIaF nMU vKq pfieaf hoieaf hY. kdy ieh aPLgfinsqfn  boDI hoieaf krdf sI aqy iewQy mhfqmf buwD df sLFqI df sMdysL pRcfiraf jFdf sI. iPr iehI aPLgfinsqfn qurkF, arbF, mMgolF qy horF dI mfr hyT af ky lwTmfr dysL bx igaf. aPLgfinsqfn Coty Coty sUibaF ivwc vMizaf igaf aqy iehnF sUibaF dy mflk luwtmfr krn vfly hmlfvr bx gey. iehnF lutyry aPLgfn rfijaF ny Bfrq `qy lwutmfr krn vfsqy keI sdIaF lgfqfr hmly kIqy. Bfrq `qy rfj krn vflf mugl Kfndfn vI aPLgfinsqfn qoN hI afieaf hoieaf sI aqy gurU bfby ny vI afpxI bfxI ivwc “pfp kI jMJ lY kfbloN Dfieaf” afK ky Bfrq ivwc mugl Kfndfn dIaF jVF lgfAux vfly bfdsLfh bfbr vwl ieCfrf kIqf sI.

          mhfrfjf rxjIq isMG nMU aPLgfn bfrzr vl hmysLf sqwrk rihxf ipaf sI aqy brqfnvI sfmrfj ny bhuq cqurfeI nfl ibnF kbjLf kIiqaF hI aPLgfinsqfn nMU kfbU krI rwiKaf sI. 

          1979 ivwc sovIaq dKlaMdfjLI dy tfkry leI amrIkf ny aPLgfinsqfn ivwc ieslfimk kwtvfd nMU AuBfiraf sI. eysy kfrn hI keI vfr amrIkf nMU Esfmf ibn lfidn dI jmfq al-kfiedf df jnmdfqf vI afiKaf jFdf hY. sovIaq rUs dI KlfsI qoN bfad do ku sflF ivwc aPgfinsqfn `qy pfiksqfnI KuPIaf eyjMsI dI pdfiesL kwtVpMQI jmfq qfilbfnF df kbjLf ho igaf sI. vwK vwK guwtF dI mfrDfV qoN sqy hoey aPLgfn lokF ny sLurU ivwc siQrqf vfsqy qfilbfnF nMU jI afieaF afiKaf sI pr pqf Aus smyN lwgf jd qfilbfnF ny afpxf aslI rMg ivKfAuxf sLurU kIqf.

          qfilbfnF dy kbjLy  dy nfl hI aPLgfinsqfn ielfimk kwtVvfd df vwzf awzf bx igaf sI ijs dI rUh al-kfiedf jQybMdI bx geI sI. iewQoN hI BfrqI ksLmIr ivwc gVbV krn vfsqy jhfdI Byjy jFdy sn aqy BfrqI eyarlfeIn df agvfh kIqf jhfjL vI iewQy hI ilaFdf igaf sI. kdy boDI irhf aPLgfinsqfn kwtVpMQI qfilbfnF ny inrdeI bxf ky rwK idqf sI qy ieh afpxy afp df hI dusLmx bx igaf sI. prbqF nMU qrfsL ky bxfey gey mhfqmf buwD dy jgq pRisD buwq ies inrdeI lihr ny bfrUd nfl Auzf idwqy sn.

          ieMzIan eyar lfeInjL  df jhfjL agvfh hox mOky vI Bfrq ny bhuq hfl-duhfeI pfeI sI pr dunIaF dy isr `qy jUM nhIN nhIN srkI. 9/11 dy afqmGfqI hmilaF ny amrIkf nMU JMjoV ky rwK idwqf sI aqy ies nfl kfbul `qy qfilbfnI rfj df aMq sLurU ho igaf sI.

          sfl 2001 qoN hux qwk dunIaF df sfrf jLor aPLgfinsqfn nMU qfilbfnI kwtVqf qoN mukq krn `qy lwigaf hoieaf hY. amrIkf qy kYnyzf smyq vwK vwK dysLF dIaF sLFqI sYnfvF hjLfrF dI igxqI ivwc qYnfq kIqIaF geIaF hn. amrIkf ny hjLfrF twn bMb aPLgfinsqfn dIaF bIafbfn  phfVIaF ivwc Cupy qfilbfnF nMU KLqm krn leI suwty hn. keI iblIan zflr mdd dy rUp ivwc vwK vwK dysL krc kr cuwky hn aqy kr rhy hn. Bfrq vrgf grIb dysL vI aPLgfinsqfn ivwc siQrqf ilaAux vfsqy sYNkVy imlIan zlfr dI mdd dy cuwkf hY pr ajy qwk hflfq kfbU ivwc afAuNdy njLr nhIN af rhy.

          iewk aPLgfinsqfn ajy kfbU nhIN af sikaf ik hux aPLrIkf ivwc iek hor aPLgfinsqfn dy puMgrn dy crcy sLurU ho gey hn. ieh aPLgfinsqfn puMgr irhf hY somflIaf ivwc ijwQy amrIkf afpxy sLFqI sYink Byj ky “QU-kOVI” afK ky keI sfl pihlF inkl cuwkf hY.

          zyZ ku dhfky qoN somflIaf qkrIbn ibnF srkfr qoN hI cl irhf hY. dysL Br ivwc hiQafrbMd toilaF df rfj irhf hY, iksy df kbjLf iewQy qwk aqy iksy df kbjLf AuWQy qwk. dysL dI rfjDfnI mfgfdIsLU iek AujiVaf hoieaf sLihr bx ky rih igaf hY ijs `qy keI gutF df kbjLf bxdf aqy tuwtdf irhf hY.

          awj qwk ieh hiQafrbMd toly kbjLy leI qF lVdy rhy hn pr lVfeI lflcI kbjLy qwk hI sImq rhI hY. asiQrqf df lfB AuTf ky hux somflIaf ivwc vI “qfilbfnI” lihr AuT peI hY aqy dunIaF nMU pqf Aus smyN lwgf hY jd somflIan qfilbfnF  ny rfjDfnI mfgfdIsLU `coN bfkI sfry guwtF nMU mfr Bjfieaf hY. ieslfimk kONsl ny rfjDfnI mfgfdIsLU `qy kbjLf kr lYx qoN bfad afpxy pYr dysL dy hor ihisaF vwl psfrny sLurU kr idwqy hn.

          AuhnF sfrf mfgfdIsLU sLihr sLrIaf kort aDIn lY aFdf hY ijwQy hr PYslf ieslfimk sLrIaf muqfibk krn vfsqy iewk kwtVpMQI ingrfn nfmjd kr idwqf igaf hY. sLyK hsfn dfhIr evyjL nfm df ieh kwtVpMQI Esfmf ibn lfidn df vI njLdIkI dwisaf jFdf hY. amrIkf aqy sMXukq rfsLtr ny sLyK dI Esfmf ibn lfidn nfl nyVqf dI qsdIk kIqI hY aqy Aus nfl iksy iksm dy sihXog qoN nFh kr idwqI hY.

          ies sLrIaf adflq ny ies hPLqy pMj blfqkfrIaF nMU pwQr mfr ky mfr dyx dI sjLf dy ky dunIaF nMU hYrfn kr idwqf hY. dosL hY ik iehnF pMj blfqkfrIaF ny cfr aOrqF nfl 22 jUn nMU blqfkfr kIqf sI.  hux pqf lwgf hY ik sLrIaf kort iek CyvyN dosLI dI qlfsL ivwc hY ijs kfrn pihly pMjF nMU pwQr mfr ky mfrn dI sjLf hfl dI GVI kuJ smyN lweI awgy pf idwqI geI hY.

          ies smyN somflIaf ivwc aPLgfinsqfn vFg hI asiQrqf vfly hflfq hn. lok siQrqf ilafAux vfsqy iksy kwtV iDr dI AuzIk ivwc sn. lokF nMU Auh kwtV iDr iml geI hY ijs ny Drm dy nfm `qy aPLgfnI qfilbfnF vFg sKLqI vrqxI sLurU kr idwqI hY. ies iDr df rfjDfnI `qy kbjLf ho igaf hY aqy ies ny agy vDxf sLurU kr idwqf hY. hux kYnyzf amrIkf smyq hr dysL ivwc bYTy ieslfimk kwtVpMQIaF nMU Auh iDr ivKfeI dyx lwg peI hY ijs Audfly Auh kfvF vFg iekwTy ho jfxgy. dunIaF Br qoN zflr qy pONz ies kwtVpMqI lihr dI mdd vfsqy somflIaf jfxy sLurU ho jfxgy qy ies nfl hI jfxgy keI kiQq ieslfimk skflr aqy al-kfiedf dy sfijsLGfVy.

          aPLrIkf ivwc ies puMgrdy aPLgfinsqfn nMU jy awj kfbU nf kIqf igaf qF Auh idn dUr nhI jd dunIaF nMU iek dI QFH  do aPfinsqnF nfl do cfr hoxf pvygf.

-sLONkI ieMglYNzIaf

 


EhI hox jf irhf hY ijs df zr sI

hux skUlI slybs nMU smilMgI anukUl bxfieaf jfvygf!

 

          EhI hoxf sLurU ho igaf hY ijs df sLONkI vrigaF nMU zr sI. sLurU ieh kYnyzf dy bI[ sI sUby ivwc hoeaf hY pr hOlI sihhjy phuMc ieh sfry dysL ivwc hI jfvygf. bIqy sLurvfr dy vYnkUvr sMn aKLbfr ny ieh Byd afpxy muwK pMny dI muwK Klbr ivwc Khilaf hY ik sUby dI srkfr ny ies smilMgI joVy nfl iek ilKqI muhfiedf kr ilaf hY ijs qihq ieh smilMgI joVf sUby dy skUlF dy krIkulm Bfv pVfHeI dy pRogrfm jF slybs nMU smilMgI vrqfry pRqI ZukvF jF iejLqdfr bxfeygf.

          pItr aqy mrI koirn nfm df ieh smilMgI joVf sUby dy ikMzrgfrtn (nrsrI) skUlF qoN gryz 12 qwk dy sfry krIkulm df muafienf krygf aqy ies ivwc loVINdIaF qrmImF sulJfeygf ijs nfl skUlI pVHfeI dy pRogrfm ivwc smilMgI hwkF nMU mfnqf aqy siqkfr pRdfn kIqf jf sky.

          sUby dI srkfr ny ies smilMgI joVy nfl iewk 6 sPLy df  ilKqI iekrfrnfmf kIqf hY ijs dI kfpI vYnkUvr aKbfr ny pRfpq kr lYx df dfavf ies rport ivwc kIqf hY. ies ilKqI muhfiedy ivwc ieh ivvsQf vI hY ik  “smfijk inaF” vfsqy iek vwKrf kors gryz 12 vfsqy ilaFdf jfvy ijs ivwc “kfmUk afdqF” jF “sksUal ErIantysLn” dI isiKaf dI ivvsQf hovy. smilMgI vrqfry nmU jfiejL TihrfAux vfsqy “sksUal ErIantysLn” lPLjL KMz ivwc lpytI hoeI jLihr vFg hY.

          ies smilMgI joVy ny srkfr dI bFh mroVn vfsqy EhI rsqf apxfieaf hY ijhVf smilMgIaF ny mrd-aOrq ivafh dy pivqr irsLqy nMU qbfh krn vfsqy cfrtrvfdIaF nfl rlL ky apxfieaf sI.

          pItr aqy mrI koirn smilMgI joVf AuhnF pihly smilMgI joiVaF ivcoN hY ijhnF ny smilMgI huMidaF hoieaF “ivafh” rcfieaf sI. ies joVy ny bI sI sUby dy ihaUimn rfeIts tribaUnl ivwc srkfr iKKlfPL iewk kys dfier kIqf hoieaf sI ijs ivwc sUby dy skUlI krIkulm ivwc smilMgIaF nfl kiQq ivqkry dI sLkfieq kIqI geI sI.   sUby dI ilbrl srkfr ny kys nMU awgy lVn dI jgfH ies smilMgI joVy nfl ilKqI vafdf kr ilaf ijs aDIn ieh joVf skUlI krIkulm dI puxCfx krygf aqy qbdIlIaF dI mMg krygf. hoey kMtrYkt muqfibk ieh dovF iDrF, srkfr aqy ies smilMgI joVy `qy kfnUMnI qOr `qy lfgU hovygf aqy iksy JgVy dI sUrq ivwc mIzIeysLn df shfrf ilaf jfvygf.  hYrfnI dI gwl hY ik Auh joVf skUlI bwicaF dy slybs bfry hux PYslf krygf ijs df afpxf koeI bwcf nhIN hY Bfv ieh joVf hux ieh PYslf krn dI sUrq ivwc hY ik lokF dy bwicaF nMU kI pVfHieaf jfvygf jF kI pVHfieaf jfxf cfhIdf hY.

          ieh iek ajyhf hwk hY jo awj qwk iksy mfpy nMU hfsl nhIN hY. jy hux ieh ikhf jfvy ik  smilMgIaF nMU cfrtr dy sfhfry Eh hwk iml skdy hn jo hor iksy sLihrI kol nhIN hn qF ieh awqkQnI nhIN hovygI. prvfr sfjx dI iewCf nfl sdIaF qoN krvfieaf jFdf ivafh hux cfrtrvfdIaF dI bdOlq “mOj” df sfDn bx igaf hY qy Auh vI ivafh rcf skdy hn  ijhnF kol AupqI vfsqy ZukvyN aqy loVINdy srIrk aMgF df joVf vI nhIN hY.

          hor suxo sUby dy ajLfd skUlF ny dfavf kr mfiraf hY ik Auh krIkulm dI ivwc nvIN ivvsQf dI mfr hyT nhIN afAuNdy. afAuNdy ikAuN nhIN jf sUby aqy dysL df kfnUMn hI bdl igaf hY qF iPr hux bkry dI mF kd qwk sLukr mnfeygI? krIkulm hux dyr svyr EhI lfgU hovygf jo “jLorfvrF” dy mn BfAuNdf hovygf. skUl srkfrI hovy jF gYr srkfrI, skUl Kflsf hovy jF kirscIan cYrtI df iek idn ies dI mfr hyT af ky rhygf. awj vfrI bI sI sUby dy skUlF dI hY qF kwl nMU EntyrE dy skULF dI afvygI aqy iek idn dysL dy sfry skUl ies dI mfr hyT af jfxgy.

          smilMgIaF vfsqy ieh jLrUrI vI hY ik KrbUjLy nMU vyK ky KrbUjLf rMg bdldf rvy. dIvy nfl hI aglf dIvf jgf ilaf jfvy qy vfr vfr qIlIaF nf PUkIaF jfx. skUlF qoN vDIaf rkrUitMg hor ikwQy ho skdI hY? dysL ivwc aksr suixaf krdy sF ik iksy sLihr jF ksby ivwc KusiraF ny iksy kcyrI Aumr dy iksy muMzy nMU cwuk ky Aus df gupq aMg kwt ky Aus nMU Kusrf bxf ilaf. Kusry afpxy BfeIcfry nMU cldf rwKx vfsqy mrd jMmy muMizaF df cfkU nfl aMg kwt ky Kusrf bxf lYNdy sn pr hux 21vIN sdI ivwc cfrtr cfkU nfloN vDIaf kMm krn lwg ipaf hY. Kusry qF aMg kwtx vfsqy cfrj kr ley jFdy sn jF crj kIqy jf skdy sn pr cfrtr df shfrf lY ky kMm clfAux vfilaF nfl srkfrF ilKqI muhfiedy krdIaF hn aqy grFtF vI idMdIaF hn.

          bI sI srkfr ies smilMgI joVy nfl ilKqI muhfiedf krn smyN ieh Buwl geI sI ik skUlF df muwK kMm isiKaf dyxf huMdf hY ieh ihAUimn rfeIts sLkfieqF dUr krn vfsqy nhIN hn. Kfs kr AuhnF lokF dIaF sLkfieqF ijhnF df skUlF nfl koeI iswDf sbMD vI nhIN juVdf.

          sUby dy atfrnI jnrl aqy sfbkf jwj sRI vflI Epl ny ies kMm ivwc muwK BUimkf inBfeI hY pr Auh ieh Bul gey hn ik smilMgI lihr skUlI slybs nMU afpxy muPLfdF leI vrqx dI hflq ivwc ho geI hY aqy Auh vI sUby dI srkfrI dI BfeIvflI nfl.  skUlF ivwc smilMgI ieiqhfs jF ipCokV hux smilMgIaF dI mrjLI df pVfHieaf jfvygf aqy iksy nMU vI ies `qy ikMqU pRMqU krn df hwk nhIN hovygf. jLrf socy ik jy ieh hwk hor smfijk lihrF nMU vI dy idwqf jfvy qF smfj df kI bxygf? jy awj ielfimk kwtV pMQI ieh dfavf krn ik AuhnF dy ivcfrF nMU skUlF ivwc shI jgfH nhIN  idwqI jFdI qF kI srkfrF AuhnF df pwK skUlI krIkulm ivwc dfKl krn vfsqy eysy iksm dy muhfiedy AuhnF nfl vI krygI?

          kI mYrUvfnf pfrtI (BMg pfrtI) nMU BMg dI “ZukvIN” jfxkfrI dyx vfsqy skulF ivwc dKLaMdfjLI df hwk idwqf jf skdf hY? kI vfqfvrx lihr nMU skUlI vfqfrvx pVfHeI kI hovy qYa krn df hwk idwqf jf skdf hY? srkfr dy ies PYsly qoN pItr aqy mrI koirn joVf bfgobfg hY aqy AuhnF nUM afs hY ik ies nfl nqIjy bhuq vDIaf inklxgy. KusL cfrtrvfdI vI hn AuhnF nMU qF votF cfhIdIaF hn jo cfrtr df rfg gfieaF iml skdIaF hn.

          nrfjL kOx hn? qusIN socogy ik afm lok nrfjL hoxgy ijhnF dy bwcy skUlF ivwc pVHdy hn! gLlq iblkul gLlq! afm lokF nMU qF ies bfry socx dI Pursq hI nhIN hY. Auh qF kMm krdy hn qy srkfr nMU awKF mIc ky tYks dyeI jf rhy hn qy jd coxF afAux qF ilbrlF nMU awKF mIc ky votF pf afAUNdy hn. ilbrl pfrtI jU iemIgrMtF dI afpxI pfrtI hoeI ijs nfl trUzo df nfm juiVaf hoieaf hY.

          ies smilMgI joVy dy srkfr nfl hoey ilKqI muhfiedy nfl jy koeI sKLq nrfjL hY qF Auh hY iek pRisD smilMgI aKLbfr ijs df nfm hY “aYkstrf-vYst”. aKLbfr ny afpxy sMpfdkI ivwc ieqrfjL kIqf hY ik ies pItr aqy mrI koirn nfm dy smilMgI joVy ny sUby dI srkfr nfl bhuq izwg ky smJOqf kr ilaf hY. Bfv bhuq QoVHf lY ky hI ieh smilMgI joVf KusL ho igaf hY jd ik psmI hoeI sUby dI srkfr “hyT” cfr iCwty hor mfr ky zrm duwD df Biraf jf skdf sI. kmfl hY ijhnF ny bwcy pYdf kr ky skUlIN Byjxy hn Auh suwqy pey hn qy ijhnF ny skUlF vfsqy bwcy jMmxy hI nhIN hn Auh hor vDyry hwk Bfldy hn. pItr aqy mrI koirn nfm dy ies smilMgI joVy df dfavf hY ik jo smilMgI aKLbfr “aYkstrf vYst” df QoVHf lY ky mMn jfx vflf KLdsLf hY Auh gLlq hY aqy ieh joVf ies nfl Auh sB kuJ kr ky ivKfvygf ijs dI “aYkstrf vYst” smilMgI aKLbfr nMU qmMnf hY.

          sLONkI ny kuJ mhIny pihlF EntyrIE dy pIal hlky dy iek imwqr df sfl 2003 jF 2004 df Gr df pRfprtI tYks ibwl vyiKaf sI. sfl Br dy 4000 ku hjLfr zflr dy ibwl ivcoN 1100 ku sO zflr pbilk skUl df tYks sI aqy bfkI puils, Pfier, sPLfeI, brPL htfAux, pfrkF df Krcf aqy hor lokl sLihrI srkfr dy Krcy vfsqy sI. kI pbilk skUlF dy “aMndfqf” aqy bwicaF dy mfpy kdy jfgxgy?

-sLONkI ieMglYNzIaf

 


 

sLONkI hux bxfeygf iek sLRomxI smfj BlfeI jQybMdI!

 

          sLONkI ny sfrI Aumr bhuq Pfky kwt ky vyK ley hn qy buZfpy ivwc hux PokIaF gwlF krn qoN qobf krn df mMn bxf ilaf hY.

smfj dI syvf leI sLONkI hux iek “sLRomxI smfj BflfeI jQybMdI” bxfeygf ijs df kMm smfj dI syvf vfsqy ieMJ ibtr ibtr Jfkxf hovygf ijvyN ibwlI cUhy vwl JfkdI hY. smfj dI syvf df mOkf imldy sfr hI sLONkI dI jQybMdI ibwlI vFg Jpk ky smfj syvf df mOkf kfbU kr ilaf krygI.

          sLONkI nMU ieh Purnf bIqy idnIN Es smyN Puiraf jd pMjfb ivwc iewk ibrD bIbI nfl hoey Gor ainaF df ijLkr hoieaf. pMjfb ivwc jlflfbfd dy njLdIk pYNdy ipMz sVHIaF ivwc ipMz dI GtIaf pMcfieq ny bIbI krqfr kOr nMU Aus dy byty dy `qy lwgy JUTy ieljLfm  bdly inrbsqr kr ky ipMz ivwc GuMmfieaf sI. jd sLONkI dy kMnF ivwc ibrD bIbI nMU vkIl krn leI zflrF dI loV dy bhfny “PMzf-rOlI” dI apIl peI qF sLONkI zOr-BOr ho igaf. sLONkI ny soicaf ik jy awj sLONkI kol koeI smfj BlfeI jQybMdI huMdI qF ieh sLuB kMm sLONkI dy afpxy kr kmlF nfl hoxf sI.

          sLONkI ny ies idn qoN hI afpxI smfj BlfeI jQybMdI kfiem krn dIaF skImF GVnIaF sLurU kr idwqIaF sn. jd sLONkI ny ieh skIm sLONkx nfl sFJI kIqI qF Es ny hI ies jQybMdI df nfm “sRomxI smfj BlfeI jQybMdI” ieh kihMidaF sulJfieaf ik jd notF dy sUt kys hfsl krn vfly afpxIaF jQybMdIaF dy nfm mUhry “sLRomxI” lgf skdy hn qF sLONkI mfVI motI jyb grm krn leI bxfeI jfx vflI jQybMdI nMU “sLoRmxI” ikAuN nhIN afK skdf? jfiejL qrk sux ky sLONkI ny ieh nfm afpxy mn ivwc pwkf kr ilaf pr aYlfn krn vfsqy sLuB mhUrq dI AuzIk krn lwgf.

          ijs kfrn bIbI krqfr kOr nfl hmdrdI pRgt krn df suinhrI mOkf hwQoN inkl igaf sI qF sLONkI ies kMm ivwc lyt ho jfx kfrn afpxy afp nMU zfhzf kos irhf sI. ajy sLONkI afpxI sLRomxI jQybMdI df aYlfn nhIN sI kr sikaf ik 12 jUn nMU mihlpur dI bIbI nrysL rfxI AurPL irMpI df kys sfhmxy af igaf. ies bIbI nMU kuJ aOrqF ny agvf krky Aus df mUMh kflf krky isr dy vfl kwtx qoN bfad aMnHf qsLwdd kIqf sI. ies kys ivwc bIbI nrysL rfxI df pqI vI sLfml dwisaf igaf sI aqy mfmlf pqI vwloN jLmIn vycx df sI. bIbI nrysL rfxI df pqI jLmIn vyc irhf sI qy bIbI Gr dy gujLfry vfsqy jLmIn bcfAux leI jdo jfihd kr rhI sI ijs kfrn Aus nfl dur ivvhfr krvfieaf igaf sI. dur ivvhfr krvfAux ivwc pqI dy nfl nfl pMjfb dI puils df vI ihwsf sI.

          hr pfsy bIbI nfl hoey dur ivvhfr dI crcf ho rhI sI aqy bIbI nMU BrpUr  mdd dy Brosy idwqy jf rhy sn. vwzy puils aPLsrF qoN pMjfb dy mwuK mMqrI qwk isPLfrsLF krn dIaF gwlF ho rhIaF sn pr sLONkI isr suwt ky afpxI “spIz” aqy iksmq nMU kosI jf irhf sI. sLONkI nMU pMjfbI dI ieh msLhUr khfvq vI JUTI huMdI jfpI ik kfvF dy khy Zwgy nhIN mrdy. Zwgy qF kfvF dy khy mrI jf rhy sn qy kF hor kfvF rOlI pfeI jf rhy sn. sLONkI ny soicaf ik ieh khfvq jLrUr sqXuwg dy vylLy dI hovygI jo hux klLXuwg ivwc Aukf hI lfgU nhIN huMdI. klLXuwg ivwc qF jIvn klf isrPL kF bx ky hI iswKI qy smJI jf skdI hY. iPr sLONkI dI inghf afpxy afly duafly vsdy bhuq sfry Gfg kfvF `qy geI jo afpxy jIvn df afnMd ibnF zwkf dUhrf kIiqaF hI mfxI jf rhy hn. svyr qoN sLfm qwk JUT mfrdy aqy dgf Pryb krdy hn qy iPr smfj syvk aKvfAuNdy hn. lokF dy puwqF nMU Aubfly dy dy ky mrvfAux vfly afp ijLMdf sLhId aKvfAuNdy hn. Drm df hr inXm iCwky `qy tMg ky llkfry mfrn vfly  bIby dfhVy `qy hwQ Pyr ky DrmI bxy iPrdy hn. “quhfzy nfl kOx Prfz krdf hY sfnMU dwso asIN iensfPL duafvFgy” dy aYlfn krn vfly afp Prfz dIaF vwzIaF vwzIaF izgrIaF leI bYTy hn.

          sLONkI nMU ieh swB kuJ afpxIaF awKF sfhmxy GuMmdf vyK ky aMgryjLI dI iewk khfvq Xfd af geI. “iePL XU kYNt zIPIt dYm, juien dYm”, Bfv jy qusIN iksy nMU hrf nhIN skdy qF Aus dy nfl rl jfAu. sLONkI ny soicaf ik klLXuwg ivwc klLXugI hI hoxf pvygf aqy sLRomxI smfj BlfeI jQybMdI df sMklp smyN muqfibk iblkul pUrf Auqrdf hY. 

          sLONkI dy mn ivwc shfiekF dy toly dI Gft rVkx lwgI. shfiekF df vwzf tolf nfl joVI rwKx vfsqy qF “kfvF” vfly sfry gux hoxy cfhIdy hn. DVf ajyhf hoxf cfhIdf hY ik pMj cfr vfrI kF kF kro qF cfr cuPyry kF hI kF hox aqy dunIaF Br dIaF sfrIaF avfjLF kfvF rOlI ivwc suMn ho jfx.  GuMgU GUM krn nfl qF nfl dI tfhxI dy afhlxy ivwc bYTI icVI vI awKF nhIN KohldI. gwl kfvF rOlI nfl hI bxdI hY qy kfvF rOlI vfsqy buq sfry kfvF dI loV huMdI hY aqy Auh vI aYsy kfvF dI jo do vfr kF kF ikhF hI afpxy sfry kMm kfr Cwz ky iek QF iekwTy ho jfx.  sLONkI nMU afpxy asqr imwqr pwqrkfr dI Xfd af geI jo kfvF rOlI df bhuq mfhr sI.

          sLONkI ny soicaf ik Auh mrdf mrdf sLRomxI smfj BlfeI jQybMdI bxf ky sLONkx dI KLfihsL vI pUrI kr dyvygf. swjx Twg bx ky sLONkI cMdrI sLONkx df amIr bnx df supnf buZfpy ivwc jLrUr pUrf kr dyvygf. ies nfl sLONkx nMU prfey kfvF vwl Jfkx dI loV vI nhIN pvygI.  sLfsLqrF qy Drm gRMQF ivwc mfieaf nMU  nfgxI afiKaf igaf hY ies leI sLONkI prfeI mfieaf nMU iswDf hwQ nhIN lgfAux cfhuMdf ies nfl nfgxI dy zMg df pUrf zr hY. sLONkI ivckfr aYsy kfvF dI qlfsL ivwc afpxI soc nMU BjfAux lwgf jo ies nfgxI dI jLihr kwZ dyx aqy qF iPr hI sLONkI afpxI jyb pivqr kry.

          ies kMm vfsqy sLONkI nMU do iqMn ku vpfrk adfiraF dI loV hovygI jo torFto dI sMGxI pMjfbI vwsoN dy afspfs hox. iehnF ivcoN iek awDf grosrI stor, afzIE ivzIE stor jF trYvl eyjMsI ho skdI hY. bws ieko sLrq hY ik iehnF storF vfilaF nMU mfieaf nfgx dI jLihr kwZxI afAuNNdI hovy. jd sLONkI smfj syvf vfsqy PMzf-rOlI pfvy qF zflrF dI brsfq ivwc nflo nfl hI ieh swjx afpxf dsbMD kwZI jfx qy sLONkI vfsqy mfieaf nfgx dy dMd Kwty krI jfx. sLONkI nMU ies kMm vfsqy kuJ afgUaF dI vI loV pvygI jo sLONkI dy kfvF dI POj dI hF ivwc hF imlf skx. jy sLONkI smfj syvf leI iksy vfsqy Gr dI loV dI gwl kry qF Auh Jwt hF afK dyx aqy jy 5-7 lwK rupey dI gwl afKy qF vI Jwt hF kr dyx. jy gwl hjLfrF zflrF dI hovy qF sLONkI df imiQaf tIcf pfr kr dIaF PVF mfrn lwg jfx.

          sLONkI nMU iek vfr iewk swjx ny dwisaf sI ik iksy ivakqI nMU iewk sMsQF ny grmIaF dy idnF ivwc bws awzy `qy lokF nMU muPLq pfxI ipAux leI rwiKaf hoieaf sI. Auh hr rojL pfxI dy GVy aqy iglfsF dy mUhry afpxI jyb ivcoN kuJ Bfn iKlfr idMdf sI. pfxI pIx vfly sLrm kusLrmI afpy dsI pMjI suwt jFdy sn aqy afQx nMU Aux mtn-murgy jogI Bfn iekwTI kr lYNdf sI.  sLONkI nMU aYsy vpfrI swjxF dI bhuq loV hY jo afp dy BfvyN kfxI kOzI vI nf skdy hox pr sLONkI dI smfj syvf dI kfvF rOlI sux ky iekdm 25 hjLfr rupey jF pMj sO zfklr dyx df aYlfn Tok vjf ky kr dyx. ies nfl dyxf AuhnF nMU kuJ nhIN pvygf qy msLhUrI dfnI hox dI muPLq ivwc ho jfvygI aqy ieDr sLONkI pfxI ipAux vfly vFg afQx nMU mtn murgy jogf ho jfieaf krygf. sLONkI nMU Bytf gfAux vfly kuJ pMjfbI ilKfrIaF dI vI loV pvygI jo mtn-murg dy lflcI hox kfrn ssqy hI iml jfxgy.  sLONkI nMU iek swjx ny iek vfr dwisaf sI ik dunIaF qF lutx Kuxo peI hY jy lut huMdI hY qF luwt lE nhIN qF koeI hor BfgsLflI luwt lvygf. buZfpy ivwc ieh BfgsLflI sLONkI hux afp hI bx jfvygf.

-sLONkI ieMglYNzIaf

 


kurwpsLn nfl Dur aMdr qwk ilbVy hoeyy hn ilbrl!

          ilbrlF dy rfjBfg dOrfn vfpry 200 imlIan zflr dy krIb dy spFsrisLp skYNzl ivwc adflq ny bIqy mMglvfr nMU qIjy ivakqI nMU dosLI pfieaf hY. mFtrIal sLihr ivwc cwly kys ivwc sfbkf ibAUrokrYt cfrls gIqyN nMU ijAUrI ny jd 5 cfrjF ivwc dosLI grdfinaF qF jwj ny lgdy hwQ hI Aus dI jLmfnq rwd kridaF afiKaf ik hux qF ieh svfl hI bfkI hY ik Aus nMU ikMnf smF slfKF ipwCy kwtxf pvygf. 8 mrdF qy 4 aOrqF vflI 12 mYNbrI ijAUrI nMU ies iswty `qy puwjx vfsqy 7 idn df smF lwgf.

          adflq jldI hI cfrls gIqyN nMU bkfiedf sLjf dyvygI. ies qoN pihlF ijhnF do nMU sjLf ho cuwkI Auh hn jnfb XF bro ijhnF nMU 30 mhIny kYd hoeI sI aqy pOl kuPn ijs nMU zyZ sfl dI kYd hoeI sI. spFsrisLp skYNzl ivwc 1[5 imlIan zflr df Gplf krn vfly cfrls gIqyN nMU iehnF dosLF ivwc kfnUMn muqfibk 14 sfl qwk dI kYd ho skdI hY pr mfhrF muqfibk eynI sjLf idwqy jfx dI bhuqI afs nhIN hY.

          iewk pfsy ilbrlF df ieh spFsrisLp skYNzl ajy vI crcf  df ivsLf bixaF hoieaf hY aqy dUjy pfsy aflfH drjy dy ilbrl afgU joa vulpy df “PLMz ryjL Gplf” sfhmxy af igaf hY. sfbkf iemIgrysLn mMqrI jnfb joa vulpy ilbrl afgU bnx dy cfhvfn hn aqy afpxI kMpyn vfsqy PMz ryjL kr rhy hn. jnfb vulpy ny Aus smyN sB nMU hYrfn kr idwqf jd ieh KLbr afeI ik AuhnF dI kMpyn vfsqy dfn dyx vfilaF ivwc iewk 14 sfl df bwcf aqy do 11-11 sfl dy bwcy sLfml sn ijhnF iekwly iekwly ny 5400-5400 zflr dfn idwqf sI. iewQy hI bws nhIN iehnF bwicaF dI mF aqy bfp ny vI 5400-5400 sO zflr vulpy dI kMpyn nMU dfn idwqf sI. qy ieh mF-bfp aqy pirvfr koeI sDfrn pirvfr nhIN sI, sDfrn pirvfr dy 11 sfl dy bwcy kol qF $5[40 vI dfn dyx vfsqy nhIN huMdf $5400 qF bhuq dUr dI gwl hY. ieh pirvfr dvfeIaF bxfAux vflI pRisD kMpnI apotYks dy Aup pRDfn df dwisaf igaf hY.

          iekwlf ieh privfr hI nhIN, dfn dyx vfly 15 qoN vwD ivakqI ies zrwg kMpnI nfl sbMD dwsy jFdy hn. svfl pYdf huMdf hY ik dfn dyx jF lYx vfsqy $5400 pRqI ivakqI hI ikAuN? juvfb ikAuNik $5400 iek mYijk nMbr hY cox injmF muqfibk iek ivakqI vwD qoN vwD dfn  $5400 hI dy skdf hY. ies leI mfipaF ny afp dovF ny eynf eynf dy idwqf qy lgdy hwQ afpxy 14 sfl dy bwcy vwloN 5400 qy do 11 sfl dy jOVy bwicaF vwloN hor $5400-5400 dy idwqf.

          jnfb vulpy jF AuhnF dI kMpyn nMU iksy zrwg kMpnI nfl sbMDq pirvfrF ny dfn ikAuN idwqf? ieh iek ajyhf svfl hY ijs df juvfb hr koeI ikafs skdf hY. AuNJ ilbrl Coty aqy afm lokF dy rKvfly dwsy jFdy hn pr dfn iehnF nMU vwzy vwzy lok prdy pf pf ky pqf nhIN ikAuN idMdy hn? jd ieh KLbr bfhr afeI qF lgdy hwQ ikhf igaf ik dfn qF koeI vI dy skdf hY ies vfsqy Aumr dI koeI pfbMDI nhIN hY. jd kuJ hor crcf hoeI qF vulpy sfihb boly ik ieh AuhnF dI kMpyn tIm dI gLlqI hY aqy bwicaF qoN ilaf igaf dfn vfps kr idwqf jfvygf.

          kmfl hY vulpy sfihb rfjsI pfrtIaF nMU dfn dyx dI Aumr dI hwd ikAuN nhIN hY? ieh koeI sVHk iknfry jF sbvya dy drvfjLy `qy bYT ky igtfr vjfAux vfly mUhry suwtI cuafnI df mfmlf hY ijs vfsqy Aumr dI koeI pfbMDI nhIN hY? ieh qF nbflgF vwloN 5400-5400 sO zflr iewk rfjsI pfrtI dy vwzy afgU nMU dfn dyx df mfmlf hY jo dysL dI vfgzor sMBflx vfsqy hwQ pYr mfr irhf hY aqy vDIaf rfj pRbMD dyx dy vfady kr irhf hY. qy dfn dyx vfly ivcfry bwcy ajy 5400 zflr dI igxqI krn dy vI Xog nhIN hn, eyny zflr kmfAux dy Xog hoxf qF dUr dI gwl hY.

          11 jF 14 sfl df bwcf qF knUMn muqfibk isgrtF dI 5 zflr dI zwbI nhIN KrId skdf, 10 zflr dI bIar nhIN KrId skdf qy kfr clfAux vfsqy lfiesMs nhIN lY skdf qF iPr Auh $5400 zflr ikvyN dfn dy skdf hY. bIqy 15-20 sfl qoN rfjnIqI Kyzdy qy keI sfl mMqrI rhy jnfb vulpy nMU kI ajy eynf jfnx vfsqy vI aftvf qoN ielYksLn kYnyzf dy idsLf inrdysLF dI AuzIk hY?

          sLONkI dI njLr ivwc ieh inXmF nMU jfnx jF nf jfnx df mfmlf nhIN hY ieh qF ilbrlF dy Dur aMdr vs cuwkI kurwpt ibrqI df mfmlf hY. jy rOlf nf pYNdf qF jnfb jI dI kMpyn dIaF pON bfrF sn pr hux rOlf pY igaf hY qF zflr vfps kr ky sfr ilaf jfvygf. ilbrl smrQk mIzIey df kmfl vyKo ik jnfb vulpy ny zflr moVn df aYlfn kIqf nhIN ik mfmlf KLqm hoieaf nhIN. ajy iksy  ny jnfb jI nMU zflr moVdy vyiKaf nhIN hY aqy nf hI koeI ies kuqfhI vfsqy ijLmyvfr Tihrfieaf igaf hY. drasl lgfqfr 13 sfl qfkq ivwc rih ky ilbrl kurpwsLn nfl Dur aMdr qwk ilbV gey hn qy iehnF nMU sLuDIkrn dI sKLq loV hY.

          ajyhf krn vfly jnfb vulpy iekwly nhIN hn, sfzy afpxy pMjfbI BfeIcfry dy bhuq sfry ilbrl isafsI afgU jd PMz ryjL iznr krdy hn qF hfjLrI 1000 dwsI jFdI hY qy iewk itkt 200 jF 250 zflr dI huMdI hY. keI vfr qF PMz ryjL iznr dI itkt 1200 zflr vI suxI hY. jd itkt dI kImq nMU hfjLrI nfl jLrb kr ky vyKIey qF rkm eynI vwzI bx jFdI hY ik iewk PMz ryjL nfl kfnUMn dy dfiery ivwc rih ky pMj coxF lVIaF jf skdIaF hn qy iPr PMz ryjL qF hr sfl huMdy hn. coxF hox qF vfr vfr PMz ryjL hoeI jFdy hn. afKLr eynI mfieaf jFdI ikwQy hY? PMz ryjL afpxy afp ivwc hI iek lfhymMd vpfr bx igaf hY. sLONkI cfhuMdf hY ik “PMz ryjL” df DMdf vI iksy mMqrI dy ivBfg ivwc sLfml hoxf cfhIdf hY. ho sky qF ieh PYzrl jF subfeI vpfr mMqrI dy mMqrfly df ihsy bxfieaf jfvy. ijs qrj `qy  srkfr nvyN vpfrIaF dI mdd dy Auprfly krdI hY Esy qrjL `qy hI “PMz  ryjL” krn dy cfhvfnF dI mdd kIqI jfvy qF ik Auh mnmohk bhfny GV ky asfnI nfl “PMz ryjL” df zrfmf  hfVI sfAuxI kr sikaf krn. ho sky qF srkfr df vpfrk mMqrflf ajyhy sMBfvI mnmohk PMz ryjL bfhfinaF df iek ikqfbcf hI Cfp dyvy ijs nfl “PMz ryjL” krn dy cfhvfn ikqfbcy dy vrky Prol ky ZukvF tfeItl cux skx. kuJ sQfnk qjrbykfr pMjfbI mIzIafkfr vI ies ivwc srkfr dI coKI mdd kr skdy hn.

 

pihlF qolo qy iPr bolo:

          AuNJ qF isafixaf df ikhf “pihlF qolo qy iPr bolo” hr iksy  nMU afpxI ijLMdgI ivwc apxf hI lYxf cfhIdf hY pr sUJvfn isafsqdfnF vfsqy ieh hor vI jLrUrI ho jFdf hY. awj dy Xuwg ivwc mIzIaf bhuq blvfn ho igaf hY aqy nvIN qknIk dI mdd nfl iksy dy boly, bol-kbol jF idwqI geI stytmYNt Jwt kYd kr leI jFdI hY. qy iPr loV pYx qy jd mrjLI Kol ky awgy rwK idwqI jFdI hY. isafsI afgUaF ivwc iek dUjy nMU nIvF ivKfAux dI aksr hoV lwgI rihMdI hY aqy bhuq sfry afgU keI vfr isrPL KLbrF ivwc rihx vfsqy hI ibafn idMdy rihMdy hn. bhuq vfr iehnF ibafnF df aslIaq nfl bhuqf sbMD hI nhIN huMdf.

          kuJ idn pihlF sLONkI nMU bIbI rUbI Zwlf aYm pI df iek ibafn iek pMjfbI prcy dy muwK pMny df isMgfr bixaf imilaf. ies ibafn ivwc bIbI ny zya kyar vfsqy bhuq iPkrmMd huMidaF afiKaf sI ik “hfrpr srkfr ny brYNptn  aqy ies dy nfl lgdy ielfikaF ivwc mjUd qkrIbn 2000 dy krIb zya kyar sYNtrF nMU qfly lgf idwqy hn." ies bfry ikMqU pRMqU krn vflf iksy pfTk df iliKaf iek KLq vI KLbrnfmf ivwc pRkfsLq hoieaf sI. sLONkI nMU ieh sfrf mfmlf bhuq idlcsp lwigaf ikAuNik ies ivwc kiQq qOr `qy bMd kr idwqy gey zya kyar sYNtrF dI igxqI bhuq hI ijLafdf sI.

          sLONkI ny soicaf ik igxqI qF bhuq vwD idwqI hoeI hY pr ibafn dfgx vflI bIbI vI bhuq pVHI ilKI igxI jFdI hY ies leI ies ibafn ivwc kuJ scfeI jLrUr ho skdI hY. ies bfry mUMh Kohlx qoN pihlF afpxy afp `qy “pihlF qolo qy iPr bolo” df PfrmUlf jLrUr lfgU kr lYxf cfhIdf hY. sLONkI socdf sI ik jy brYNptn dy ielfky ivwc hfrpr srkfr ny 2000 zya kyar sYNtrF nMU qfly lgf idwqy hn qF iPr kul sYNtrF dI igxqI 8-10 hjLfr hoxI cfhIdI hY. ikAuNik jy 2000 bMd kIqy hn qF bwicaF dI sMBfl leI bhuq sfry qF ajy vI Kuwly hoxgy, sfry dy sfry sYNtr bMd hox nfl qF hfhfkr mc jfxI sI. srkfr 5-10 jF 20% sYNtr bMd kr skdI hY, sfry nhIN, so ies ihsfb nfl kul igxqI 8-10 hjLfr qF hoxI hI cfhIdI hY.

          jd sLONkI ny CfxbIx kIqI qF pqf lwigaf ik sfry rIjn afPL pIal ivwc “iclzrn srivsjL” ivBfg vwloN kul 11 zya kyar sYNtr clfey jf rhy hn ijhnF ivcoN 6 imsIsfgf ivwc hn aqy 5 brYNptn ivwc hn. iehnF 11 sYNtrF ivwc 761 bwicaF vfsqy jgfH hY ijs nMU 761 spysjL (QfvF jF sfmIaF) afKdy hn. hor zya kyar syvfvF ivwc ismIsfgf smyq sfry pIal hlky ivwc 270 pRogrfmF ivwc 11509 sfmIaF hn. Xfd rhy ieh sfmIaF jF QfvF hn sYNtrF dI igxqI nhIN hY. ies qrF srkfrI vYWb sfeIt `qy kul lfiesMsz sfmIaF dI igxqI 16320 idwqI hoeI hY qy Auh vI sfry pIal hlky dI ijs df brYNptn abfdI dy ilhfjL nfl msF 35 jF 40 % hI bxdf hY. ies qoN ielfvf sbszfeijLz sfmIaF dI igxqI 3059 aqy spYsLl loV vfly bwicaF leI 681 hor sfmIaF jF spys hn.

          hux smJ nhIN afAuNdI ik bIbI Zwlf dy ibafn muqfibk ijhVy brYNptn ielfky dy 2000 zya kyar sYNtrF nMU hfrpr srkfr ny qfly lgvfey hn Auh ikwQy hn jF sn?

          hor qF hor torFto jo sfry kYnyzf df swB qoN vwzf sLihr hY AuWQy vI kul zya kyar sYNtrF dI igxqI 2000 nhIN hY. istI afP, torFto dI vYWb sfeIt `qy idwqI jfxkfrI muqfibk torFto ivwc kul 800 lfiesMsz zya kyar sYNtr hn aqy iehnF qoN ielfvf 23 eyjMsIaF dI dyKryK hyT 2000 qsdIksLudf hom kyar dyx vfly Gr hn ijhnF ivwc lok afpxy Gr QohVy ijhy bwcy rwKx dI syvf muhweIaf krdy hn. msln jy ivhlI bYTI sLONkx hr rojL iksy eyjMsI dI dyKryK hyT kMm kridaF 2 bwcy afpxy Gr rwK ilaf kry qF sLONkI df Gr “aprUvz hom kyar provfeIzr” igixaF jfvygf.

          brYNptn ielfky ivwc bMd hoey 2000 zya kyar sYNtr hoxy qF dUr dI gwl hY, brYNptn ivwc qF kul srkfrI skUlF dI igxqI vI ies qoN 10-15 guxF Gwt hY. ies mOky brYNptn ivwc  pIal borz dy hyT kul 90 Coty qy vwzy skUl hn ijhnF ivwc hr bwcf pVHn jFdf hY. ies df cOQf ku ihwsf igxqI kYQloilk skUlF dI hY qy drjn ku pRfeIvyt ho skdy hn. ies qrF rlf imlf ky kul skUl svf ku sO hoxgy. imsIsfgf smyq sfry pIal ielfky ivwc pIal borz hyT kul Coty qy vwzy skUlF dI igxqI 210 dy krIb hY.

          nf qF bYNrptn dy sfry ielfky ivwc kul 2000 zya kyar sYNtr kdy sn aqy nf hI 2000 sYNtrF nMU hfrpr srkfr ny qfly hI lgfey hn. hfrpr srkfr ny qF sgoN 6 sfl qoN Gwt Aumr dy hr bwcy dy mfipaF nMU 1200 sfl df dyx df kfnMUn vI pfs kr idwqf. juulfeI mhIny ivwc iehnF mfipaF nMU bybI bons qoN ielfvf ieh bons vI imlxf sLurU ho jfvygf qy ies vfsqy iksy iksm dIaF rsIdF dI vI loV nhIN pvygI.

          ies nfl afpxy Gr ivwc hI bwicaF dI zya kyar krn vfly mfipaF nMU pihlI vfr koeI srkfr AuhnF df bxdf hwk dyvygI ijs dy Auh hwkdfr sn. ies df swB qoN vwD lfB nvyN qy rMgdfr iemIgrMtF nMU hovygf jo afpxIaF privfrk rvfieqF muqfibk sFJy pirvfrF ivwc rih ky bwcy pfldy hn. jy nhIN XkIn qF bIbI Zwlf kuJ pirvfrF dy drvfjLy KVkf ky vyK lvy pqf lwg jfvygf.

-sLONkI ieMglYNzIaf

 


 

sonIaF df “vot-krUjL” Bfrq dy BivK nMU lY zuwbygf

dysL dy pCVy vrgF nMU loV hY sfrQk rfKvyNkrn dI!

 

    aftvf ivwc sMsdI pRYs gYlrI hfrrpr srkfr dy vqIry qoN bhuq nrfjL hY. pRYs gYlrI df ieqrfjL hY ik pRDfn mMqrI sRI hfrpr nMU svfl puwCx vfsqy AuhnF nMU “PrI hYNz” (pUrI Kwul) nhIN idwqf jf irhf. pRDfn mMqrI dI pRYs imlxI mOky kOx iks qrqIb ivwc svfl puwC skdf hY, ieh gwl pRDfn mMqrI df pRYs amlf afpxy hwQ rwKxI cfhuMdf hY. AuNJ iksy rportr vwloN svfl iks iksm df puwiCaf jf skdf hY ies `qy koeI pfbMDI nhIN hY.

    hfrpr srkfr aqy kMsrvtv pfrtI nMU dysL dI pRYs (mIzIey)`qy ieh zfhZf iglLf hY ik mIzIaf hr moV `qy ilbrlF dI qrPLdfrI krdf irhf hY aqy kMsrvtv pfrtI dIaF nIqIaF nMU ibnF vjfH BMzdf af irhf hY. jo lok mIzIey dy vrqfry vwl njLr rwKdy hn Auh jfxdy hn ik dysL dy mIzIey df JukfE hmysLf ilbrl pwKI irhf hY. iehI kfrn hY ik ilbrl srkfrF vwzy Gutfly qy JUTy vfady kr kr ky mukrdIaF vI rhIaF hn qy mIzIey dy shfry surKrU vI huMdIaF rhIaF hn.

    isrPL kYnyzf df mIzIaf hI pwKpfq dI bImfrI qoN pIVHq nhIN hY, ieh bImfrI Bfrq dy mIzIey ivwc vI Gr kr cuwkI hY. mIzIey df ajLfd hoxf aqy pwKpfqI hoxf do vwK vwK vrqfry ho skdy hn. ajLfd hox df muwK Bfv srkfrI zMzy jF pfbMdIaF qoN afjLfd hoxf huMdf hY jd ik pwKpfq afpxI iewCf, psMd  jF ivcfrDfrk phuMc dI pUrqI vfsqy kIqf jFdf hY. Bfrq dy smuwcy mIzIey vwl vyKIey qF BfrqI mIzIaf ajLfdI pwKoN iksy srkfrI pfbMDI jF sYNsr df isLkfr nhIN hY. Bfrq df mIzIaf lgfqfr afpxI ajLfd hsqI nMU prpwk krdf jf irhf hY. aKLbfrF qF pihlF hI srkfrI mlkIaq qoN mukq sn aqy hux ryzIE qy tI[ vI[ stysLnF `qy vI srkfr dI ajLfrydfrI tuwt geI hY. dUrdrsLn aqy afl ieMzIaf ryzIE (akfsLbfxI) hux pRfeIvyt adfiraF ny KMUjy lgf ky rwK idwqy hn.

    pr ies swB dy bfvjUd BfrqI mIzIey ivwc kYnyzf vFg pwKpfq jfrI hY. BfrqI mIzIey df vwzf ihwsf kFgrs pfrtI aqy Kfskr gFdI pirvfr dy guxgfx kr ky KusLI mihsUs krdf hY. bIbI sonIaF gFDI nMU afey idn vwzI kurbfnI vflI afgU bxf ky pysL kIqf jf irhf hY aqy Aus dy byty leI pRDfn mMqrI dI kursI qwk df rsqf sfPL kIqf jf irhf hY. keI vfr hYrfnI huMdI hY ik kI Bfrq vrgy ivsLfl dysL ivwc nihrU-gFDI pirvfr qoN ibnF hor koeI dysL dI vfgzor sMBflx dy kfbl hI nhIN hY? lfB vfly iewk qoN vwD ahudy rwKx df svfl KVf hoieaf qF bIbI sonIaF gFDI PLsdI njLr afeI. bIbI dI rfj kr rhI pfrtI ny qurMq ies byasr krn vfsqy nvF kfnMUn lY aFdf ijs nMU hfl dI GVI rfsLtrpqI ny mMnx qoN ienkfr kr idwqf hY.

    bIbI ny afpxI rfey brylI vflI sIt qoN asqIPLf dy ky nvF zrfmf kIqf. asqIPLf dy ky lgdy hwQ hI iPr AumIdvfr bx ky KVI ho geI qy lokF df pYsf coxF ivwc brbfd kIqf. Bfrq df mIzIaf cuwpcfp ieh zrfmf vyKdf irhf qy bIbI dI pfrtI ny rIkfrzqoV bhumwq nfl bIbI nMU ijqfAux df ZoNg ricaf. rfey brylI qoN 40% qoN Gwt lokF ny afpxI vot dI vrqoN kIqI jd ik ies nfl hI hoeIaF bMgfl, qfimlnfzU qy kyrlf dIaF coxF ivwc poilMg 70% qoN vwD hoeI. BfrqI mIzIey dy iksy iek adfry ny vI ivdysLI bIbI jF kFgrs pfrtI vwloN rcy ies mihj zrfmy aqy lokF vwloN votF pfAux leI bfhr nf afAux dy kfrnf bfry crcf nf kIqI. jy crcf hoeI qF bIbI dI DI ipRaMkf aqy puwq rfhul vloN clfeI “sPLl” kMpyn dI rwj ky hoeI. kFgrs pfrtI aMdr bYTy kuJ jI-hjLUrIaF ny ies cox nMU aDfr bxf ky bIbI sonIaF gFDI nMU pRDfn mMqrI dI kursI `qy lgdy hwQ hI ibrfjmfn hox leI vI apIlF kIqIaF. pr bIbI dI ingfH qF afpxy puwq nMU pRDfn mMqrI bxfAux `qy lwgI hoeI hY qy ies kMm vfsqy Auh afp iqafg-dyvI bxI rihxf cfhuMdI hY.

    ieh gwl vI socx vflI hY ik afKr bIbI sonIaF gFDI nMU hI ikAuN nihrU-gFDI pirvfr dI jfnsLIn smiJaf jf irhf hY? sMjy gFDI dI pqnI moinkf gFDI jo Bfrq dI jMmpl hY Auh ies kMm vfsqy kFgrs pfrtI aqy Bfrq dy mIzIey nMU ikAuN pRvfn nhIN hY? dysI afgUaF dI Bfrq dI jMmpl aOlfd jd isafsI kursIaF hfsl krdI hY qF Bfrq df mIzIaf sO suafl KVy krdf hY pr ivdysLI jMmpl sonIaF aqy Aus dI aOlfd nMU Juk Juk slfmF kIqIaF jf rhIaF hn.

    sLONkI ies hwk ivwc nhIN hY ik hr isafsI afgU dI aOlfd isafsI kursI dI hwkdfr hovy pr ieh socy ibnF vI nhIN irhf jf skdf ik jy Bfrq df jMmpl bfdl df puwq isafsq ivwc af jfvy qF hfl-pfiraf kIqI jfvy pr jy sq smuMdroN pfr dI jnmI bIbI dysL nMU afpxI AuNgl `qy ncfvy qF qF Aus nMU iqafg dI dyvI df drjf idwqf jfvy. EhI kYptn amirMdr isMG jo bIbI sonIaF aqy Aus dI aOlfd dI afrqI lfhux nMU iqafr hY, inq afpxy ibafnF ivwc bfdl dy PrjMd nMU “blUMgVf” afK ky mKOl krdf hY.

    sfbkf pRDfn mMqrI sRI vfjpfeI df qF koeI DI-pwuq hY hI nhIN hY pr jy huMdf qy kursI df dfavydfr bxdf qF eysy BfrqI mIzIey ny sO svfl krny sn. hux jy ikqy s: mnmohn isMG 5 sfl pUry kr lvy aqy iPr Aus dI dI isafsq ivwc af jfvy qF kI Aus DI nMU vI Bfrq df mIzIaf sonIaF gFDI aqy Aus dI aOlfd vFg plkF `qy cwukygf? jy pRDfn mMqrI zf: mnmohn isMG dI aOlfd vfsqy brfbr dI kvryjL dI afs nhIN hY qF ies nMU pwKpfq nf afiKaf jfvy qF hor kI afiKaf jfvy?

    Bfrq ivwc bIqy keI hPLiqaF qoN  kFgrs srkfr dI nvIN rIjLrvysLn (rfKvyNkrn) nIqI nMU lY ky BfrI hMgfmf ho irhf hY. hux qF Bfrq dI suprIm kort ny srkfr qoN ies bfry kuJ sPLfeI vI mMgI hY aqy zfktrF qy mYzIkl ividafrQIaF nMU vfps kMm `qy prqx df hukm vI dy idwqf hY. Bfrq ny ajLfdI qoN bfad 10 sfl vfsqy hrIjnF qy pCVIaF sLRyxIaF vfsqy rfKvyNkrn dI nIqI lfgU kIqI sI jo awj 60 ku sfl bfad vI jfrI hY aqy hor ivafpk rUp Dfrn krdI jf rhI hY.  ies df isafsI kfrn pCVy vrgF df Blf nhIN hY sgoN votF dI isafsq hY. awj qkrIbn  60 sfl bfad vI  dysL  Xogqf aqy guxvqf dy afDfr `qy dfKlf jF rujLgfr dys dI hflq ivwc nhIN hY.

    kFgrs srkfr dI nvIN rfKvFkrn nIqI lfgU krfAux sbMDI 93vIN sMivDfnk soD ies sfl dy sLurU ivc jd pfs kIqI geI sI qF Bfrq dy mIzIey dI ikRpf nfl ies vwl iksy df bhuqf iDafn nhIN sI igaf. blfqkfr dI KLbr nMU vwD aihmIaq dyx vfly BfrqI mIzIey dI cwup kfrn jnqf nUM ies sMivDfink soD nMbr 104 bfry bhuqf pqf hI nhIN lwg sikaf sI. pqf AudoN lwg jd mnuwKI sroqF bfry mMqrI arjun isMG ny hor pCVIaF sLRyxIaF leI AuWc pwDrI kyNdrI sMsQfvF ivc sItF rfKvIaF krn vfsqy kYbint skwqryq nUM acfnk hI srkUlr jfrI kr idwqf. ienHF sMsQfvF ivc ieMzIan ieMsctIicAUt afP tYknflojI (afeI[ afeI[ tI[), ieMzIan ieMstIicAUt afP mYnyjmYNt (afeI[ afeI[ aYm[) aqy AuWc pwDrI mYzIkl kflj afid vI sLfiml hn. vwK vwK pCVy vrgF vfsqy kul imlf ky rIjLrvysLn hux  50% qoN twp cuwkI hY aqy kuJ rfjF ivwc subfeI rIjLrvysLn nMU imlf ky vyKIey qF ieh 60% qoN vI vwD bxdI hY.

    ies nfl Bfrq ivwc Xogqf dy aDfr `qy dfKlf jF rujLgfr imlx df pqn sLurU ho igaf hY. Gwt Xogqf vfly zfktr jF ieMjnIar iksy idn Gwt imafr dIaF syvfvF df kfrn bx jfxgy ijs nfl dysL nMU BfrI nuksfn hovygf. pqf lwgf hY ik zf: mnmohn isMG vI ies hwd qwk jfx vfsqy iqafr nhIN sn pr bIbI sonIaF dy arjun isMG vrgy kuJ jI-hjLUrIey nvf rfKvFkrn lfgU krn vfsqy kfhly pY gey. ieh gwl iksy qoN CupI hoeI nhIN hY ik arjun isMG aYNz kMpnI mnmohn isMG nMU pRDfn mMqrI bixaF vyK ky KusL nhIN hn.

    Bfrq dIaF sfrIaF hI rfjsI pfrtIaF votF df Gftf brdfsLq nhIN kr skdIaF ies leI hor psr rhI rIjLrvysLn df smrQn awKF mIc ky krI jf rhIaF hn. iewQoN qwk ky bI[ jy[ pI[ ny vI nvIN nIqI df smrQn kr idwqf aqy isrP eynf hI vfDU afiKaf hY ik rIjLrvysLn afriQk  hflq dy aDfr `qy vI hoxI cfhIdI hY. bI[ jy[ pI[ ny ieh afK ky dovF pfisaF nMU hI KusL krn dI asPLl koisLsL kIqI hY.

    ies gwl `qy qF afm sihmqI hY ik pCVy vrgF dy bwicaF nMU pVHn dIaF sfrIaF  shUlqF muPLq idwqIaF jfx qF ik Auh  AuWc ividaf hfsl kr ky horF dy brfbr KVn jogy ho skx pr imafr nMU zyg ky rujLgfr aqy Auh vI zfktr jF ieMjnIar vrgf ruqvf dyx df ivroD ho irhf hY. ies bfry vI crcf iCVI hY ik rIjLrvysLn afriQk aDfr `qy kr idwqI jfvy qF ik afriQk qOr `qy pCVy hoeuy sfry iPrky ies df lfB AuTf skx. slfh BfvyN ieh sunx nMU vDIaf jfpdI hY pr ies nfl kurwpsLn hor vD jfvygI qy aPLsrsLfhI hor mn mfnIaF krn dy Xog ho jfvygI. iksy pirvfr df afriQk drjf vyKx vfsqy mfp dMg iqafr krny pYxgy qy iPr kurwpt aPLsrsLfhI rfhIN lfgU krvfAuxy pYxgy. ies ivwc hyrfPyrI dI guMjfiesL hor vD jfvygI.  mhwqqf vflIaF srkfrI asfmIaF Brn vfsqy bhuq lMbI kfgjLI kfrvfeI krnI ipaf krygI jo lfBkfrI nhIN ho skdI.

    rfKvyNkrn df  ieko mqlb sI aqy Auh sI pCVy aqy aCUq krfr idwqy gey iPrikaF nMU bfkI sLihrIaF dy brfbr df smfijk ruqbf dyx df. ieh TIk hY ik afriQk ruqbf smfijk ruqby nMU AuqFh cuwkdf hY pr iPr vI Bfrq dy jfqIvfdI smfj ivwc afriQk nfloN smfijk ruqbf ikqy vwD asrdfr smiJaf jFdf irhf hY. sdIaF qoN aCUq smJy jFdy vrgF nMU rIjLrvysLn duafrf srkfrI pdvIaF `qy ibTf ky AuhnF df smfijk ruqbf vDfAux nfl CUaf-Cfq nMU Twlxf ies pfilsI df muK AudysL sI.

    ies AudysL dI iksy hwd qwk pUrI vI hoeI hY pr ies nfl votF dI isafsq nMU lfB vI hoieaf hY. ies nfl Xogqf aqy guxvqf dy aDfr `qy qrwkI dy rsqy ivwc rukvtF vI KVIaF hoeIaF hn jo hux hor vD jfxgIaF. jy koeI 95% nMbr lYx vflf iksy 35% nMbr lYx vfly qoN ies leI mfr Kf jfvy ik Aus dy mF bfp AuWc jfqI dy hn (BfvyN pwly Dylf nf hovy) qF ieh juvfbI pwKpfq (rIvrs izskrImInysLn) hI hovygf.

    rIjLrvysLn bfry ies gwl `qy afm sihmqI hY ik ies df lfB pCVy aqy kiQq qOr `qy aCUq  igxy jFdy vrgF dy iewk Kfs vrg nMU hI hoieaf hY aqy ho irhf hY. ijs nMU iek vfr rIjLrvysLn iml geI awgoN Aus dy puwq, Brf, BqIjy qy irsLqydfr hI ies df lfB AuTfeI jf rhy hn. ijhnF pCiVaF qwk rIjLrvysLn df qupkf nhIN puwjf Auh ajy vI sokf hMzf rhy hn. ieh vI swc hY ik ijs iksy pCVy jF aCUq grdfny jFdy pirvfr df iewk mYNbr Tfxydfr, aYs pI, jwj, vwzf vkIl, zfktr, qihsIldfr, zI sI, aYm pI jF mMqrI vgYrf hovy qF ajyhy sfry pirvfr df hI smfijk ruqbf AuWcf ho jFdf hY.

    ies scfeI nMU iDafn ivwc rwKidaF rIjLrvysLn df kotf vDfeI jfx nfloN rIjLrvysLn dIaF bUMdF AuhnF ipafsy pCVy vrgF dy lokF qwk phuMcfx dI looV hY ijhnF nMU ajy qwk ies df koeI lfB nhIN hoieaf. ies vfsqy iewk sfdf qy srl qrIkf apxfieaf jf skdf hY ijs nfl vfr vfr rIjLrvysLn dy gwPLy pRfpq krn vfly “amIr pCiVaF” nMU qF nuksfn hovygf pr pCVy vrgF dy aslI pCiVaF nMU lfhymMd shfrf imlygf.

    ies aDIn jfq dy aDfr `qy cldI rIjLrvysLn nIqI qF jfrI rhygI pr ies df lfB hr vfr nvF pCiVaf pirvfr AuTfvygf. srkfr rfKvyNkrn duafrf imlx vflIaF nOkrIaF nMU ies ZMg nfl klfsIPfeI (drjfbMd) krygI ik iewk Kfs pwDr dI nOkrI pRfpq kr lYx vfly iksy pirvfr nMU dUjI vfr rIjrvysLn duafrf nOkrI nhIN imlygI. Bfv ijs df bfp Tfxydfr  jF qihsIldfr bx igaf Aus dy bwicaF afpxy afp rIjLrvysLn dy lfB qoN bfhr ho jfxgy qy AuhnF nMU horF vFg Xogqf aqy guxvqf dy afDfr `qy dfKlf jF rujLgfr imlygf. pr jy iksy AuWc pdvI pRfpq kr cuwky “aCUq” dy bwcy Xogqf aqy guxvqf dy afDfr `qy asPLl rih jfx qF AuhnF dI aglI pIVHI iPr rIjLrvysLn df lfB lY skygI. iewk pirvfr dI iewk pIVHI ivwc isrPL iek mYNbr hI ies df lfB lY skygf ijs nfl rIjLrvysLn df lfB hyTly vrgF dy hyTF qwk vfrI isr phuMc skygf.

    sLONkI ies nMU “sfrQk rfKvyNkrn” df nfm dyvygf ijs `qy vfr vfr  dUhry qy qIhry gwPLy pRfpq krn vfly “aCUq bRfhmxF” qoN ibnF smfj df koeI vI vrg ieqrfjL nhIN krygf. ies nfl “aMnf vMzy sIrnI muV muV GridaF nMU” df aml Kqm ho jfvygf. ieh qrIkf TIk Esy qrF kMm krygf ijs qrF awj Bfrq df rfsLn kfrz kMm krdf hY. ijhVf pirvfr rfsLn kfrz `qy jUn mhIny dI “KMz jF aftf” lY jFdf hY Auh juleI mhIny qwk dobfrf rfsLn kfrz `qy rfsLn nhIN lY skdf. ies nfl iksy idn rfKvyNkrn nMU sihjy sihjy GtfAux df rsqf Kul jfvygf. syvfvF df pwDr vI AuWcf rwiKaf jf skygf aqy Xogqf qy guxvqf dy afDfr `qy dfKlf jF rujLgfr dyx df rsqf vI bMd nhIN  hovygf. dysL dy keI sUibaF ivwc pCVy vrgF dI ajy vI hflq bhuq Krfb hY aqy rIjLrvysLn df lfB AuhnF qwk phuMcfx df iewko qrIkf rIjLrvysLn df “rfsLnIkrx” hI hY.

    jy isafsq qoN pRyrq  awj dy aMny rfKvyNkrn nMU hux Twl nf pfeI geI qF bIbI sonIaF gFDI df “vot-krUjL” rfhul gFDI nMU qF pRDfn mMqrI bxf lvygf pr dysL dy BivK nMU lY zuwbygf.

-sLONkI ieMglYNzIaf

 


hfrpr srkfr dy dysI “dlfl” rMg ivKfAux lwgy!

          bcpn ivwc “dlfl” lPLjL sLONkI dy pihlI vfr kMnIN Es smyN ipaf sI jd sLONkI df bfbf guaFzI ipMz dy iewk dlfl rfhIN sLihroN afey vpfrIaF nMU mwJ vycx df sOdf kr irhf sI. lwbU nfm df iewh dlfl sLIhroN afey vpfrIaF kol bfby dy sfhmxy, mwQy PuwlI vflI bUrI bwJ dIaF isPLqF dy puwlL bMnI jf irhf sI. kdy ies mwJ dy sMGxy dwuD dIaF isPLqF krdf sI aqy kdy lMby QxF qy cwzy dIaF. mwJ dy njLdIk hI bMnI qIjy sUey dI 2 ku mhIny dI kwtI vwl iesLfrf kr ky lwbU vpfrIaF nMU ieh XkIn duafeI jf irhf sI ik srdfr 45 rupey ivwc iewk nhI do mwJF vyc irhf hY. lwbU df kihxf sI ik mwJ mgrlI kwtI 2 sflF ivwc mF nfloN do guxF kImq ivwc ivkygI qy Auh ies kwtI dI duwgxI kImq dI Esy vkq grMtI krn nMU iqafr sI.  20-22 sfl pihlF jd sONkI ny kYnyzf af ky pihlI vfr “tU Pfr vMn pIjLf” vfilaF dI dukfn vyKI qF sLONkI ny soicaf ik iehnF ny dlfl lwbU df “45 rupey ivwc iewk nhIN do mwJF” df afeIzIaf corI krky hI afpxI kMpnI df nfm “tU Pfr vMn pIjLf” rwiKaf hovygf.

          lwbU kdy vpfrIaF nMU pfsy kr ky Gusrmusr krdf sI aqy kdy sOdf isry lgfAux leI  bfby nMU pfsy kr ky kImq 45 rupey qoN Gt ky 40 rupey ivwc krn leI ieh kih ky mnfeI jf irhf sI ik bIqy do mhIinaF qoN 38 rupey qoN vwD mul dI koeI vI mwJ afspfs dy 10 ipMzF ivwc nhIN ivkI aqy 40 rupey bhuq vDIaf sOdf sI. afKLIr ivwc lwbU dI cwl geI qy vpfrI bfby dy hwQ 40 rupey PVf ky mwQy PuwlI vflI bUrI mwJ qy kwtI lY ky cldy bxy. awj vI jd kdy sLONkI “dlfl” lPjL suxdf hY qF 60-62 sfl pihlF hoey ies sOdy aqy lwbU dI qsvIr sLONkI dIaF awKF sfhmxy GumMx lwg jFdI hY.

          vwzf ho ky POj aqy puils dI nOkrI dOrfn sLONkI ny ijLMdgI dy hr moV `qy rMg brMgy “dlflF” dy drsLn kIqy. vwK vwK ikiqwaF, kMmF aqy adfiraF nfl sbMDq dlflF nMU keI iksm dy nfvF ijvyN eyjMt, afVHqIaf, ivcolf, imzlmYn, tfAUt, syljL prsn, eyjMsI afid nfl sMboDn kIqf jFdf hY.

          ajokf smfj vwKo vwKrI iksm dy “dlflF” nfl Biraf ipaf hY. vpfrk adfiraF ivwc dlfl (syljL stfPL) tfeIaF lgf ky isLkfr (gfhk) dI qlfsL ivwc muskrfAuNdf iPrdf hY qy vwzy vwzy vpfrk adfry dlflF dy isr `qy cldy hn. Gr, kfr, mfrgyj vgYrf lYx leI dlflF dy drsLn krny pYNdy hn. dunIaF Br dIaF POjF, pulsF aqy KuPIafqMqr ny QF QF dlflF (eyjMtF) df jfl ivCfieaf hoieaf hY. 

          dunIaF ivwc dUhry qy qIhry ikrdfr dy lokF aqy dlflF dI vI coKI igxqI hY. Bfrq ivwc boPorjL qopF dy sOdy dy skYNzl nMU Xfd krIey qF rfjIv gFDI srkfr `qy kroVF rupey dI dlflI dy dosL awKF sfhmxy guMmx lwg jFdy hn qy kYnyzf ivwc spFsrisLp lPjL suxIeyN qF ilbrlF df 200 ku sO imlIan zflr df skYNzl Xfd af jFdf hY ijs ivwc ilbrlF ny keI PrmF qoN ikwk-bYWk dy rUp ivwc motI dlflI vsUlI sI.

          ilbrlF dy 13 ku sfl dy rfjkfl dOrfn dysL ivwc dlflF dI POj KVI ho geI sI. koeI iemIgrysLn mMqrI df njLdIkI sI qy koeI KLjLfnf mMqrI df, koeI Ep pRDfn mMqrI df chyqf sI aqy iksy dI pRDfn mMqrI nfl iswDI lfeIn juVdI sI. dlflF dy isr `qy vIjLy,  vIijLaF dI imafd ivwc vfDf aqy minstrI primt idwqy `qy duvfey jFdy sn. smiJaf jFdf hY ik bhuq sfry ilbrl dlflF ny iehnF 13 sflF ivwc mn afeIaF kIqIaF sn qy iehnF nMU idwqI dlflI dI imhrbfnI nfl keIaF ny afpxy irsLqydfr kYnyzf mMgvf ley sn. kuJ ilbrl dlfl qF lokl isfasdfnF nfl rlL ky mihMgIaF tYksIaF dIaF plytF qwk dy vI mflk bx gey suxINdy hn. pfsportF aqy vIijLaF dI dlflI kr ky zflrF nfl jybF Brn vfly keI dlflF dIaF dMd kQfvF vI afm suxIdIaF hn.

          jy dlfl nf hox qF dunIaF ivwc kbUqrbfjLI df DMdf rfqo rfq bMd ho jfvy aqy jy kbUqrbfjLI bMd ho jfvy qF mnorMjn dy keI vwzy vwzy pRogrfm aqy kbwzI dy keI tUrnfmYNt vI hoxoN bMd ho jfxgy. kbUqrbfjLI dy bMd ho jfx nfl qF ivdysLF ivwc Drm asQfnF ivwc  huMdIaF lVfeIaF vI Gwt ky awDIaF hI rih jfx dI sMBfvnf hY. nf rhy bFs qy nf vwjy bMsrI vflI gwl ho jfvygI, keI pRDfnF, Ep pRDfnF aqy sYktrIaF dy irsLqydfrF nMU pRcfrk, rfgI aqy ZfzI jQy bxfAux dI loV hI KLqm ho jfvygI.

          aftvf ivwc srkfr BfvyN bdl geI hY pr ajy vI keI ilbrl dlfl afpxf qorI Pulkf do kfrnf krky clfeI jFdy hn. pihlf kfrn hY ilbrl srkfr mOky QFH-kuQFH bxfey hoey sbMD Kfs kr ilbrlF duafrf inXukq kIqy hoey aPLsr aqy dUjf kfrn hY hfrpr dI torI srkfr dy Gwt igxqI srkfr hox kfrn dubfrf jldI ilbrlF dy vfps qfkq ivwc prqx dI afs. dlfl hr dysL, hr ikwqy aqy hr BfeIcfry ivwc hI huMdy hn qy sLONkI gwl isafsI dlflF dI krnI cfhuMdf hY aqy Auh vI dysI isafsI dlflF dI jo srkfry drbfry awK mtwkf kr ky kMm clfAuNdy hn.

          iewk pfsy hux ilbrl dlfl kmjLor ho rhy hn qy dUjy pfsy hfrpr srkfr dy ‘dysI’ dlfl  rMg ivKfAux lwg pey hn. torFto mhF ngrI dy afs pfs suwK nfl cox hfry hoey kMsrvtv aYm pIaF dI pUrI POj vwsdI hY. AuNJ kihxf qF iehnF nMU hfry hoey AumIdvfr cfhIdf hY ikAuNik ieh sfry hfrn qoN pihlF aYm pI hY hI nhIN sn pr do kfrnF krky sLONkI iehnF nMU hfry hoey aYm pI afKdf hY. pihlf kfrn iehnF vloN bMinaf hoieaf aftvf df gyVf hY jo aksr ieh mhIny ivwc keI vfr lgfAuNdy hn qy dUjf kfrn iehnF df mnobl AuWcf cuwkx df hY qF ik ieh ivcfry hOslf hI nf Cwz jfx qy aglIaF coxF ivwc ilbrl ibnF mukfblf hI nf ijwq jfx.

          torFto dy afspfs ilbrlF dy ibnF mukfblf ijwq jfx df hor iksy nMU koeI  nuksfn hovy jF nf hovy sLONkI nMU bhuq nuksfn hovygf. afAux vflI 30-40 idnF dI cox kMpyn dOrfn sLONkI vfadf qoV ilbrlF dy smilMgI smrQk aYm[ pIaF nMU mKOl krn df mOkf hI guaf bYTygf.

 

gwl hfry hoey kMsrvtv aYm pIaF dI hor rhI sI ijhnF `coN bhuqy hux hfrpor srkfr dy dlflF dy rUp ivwc pRgt hoxy sLurU ho gey hn. koeI afpxy afp nMU iemIgrysLn mMqrI df chyqf  dwsdf hY aqy iksy dI ibdysL mMqrI pIatr mkya nfl bhuq nyVqf hY.  iksy df tMkf pRDfn mMqrI hfrpr dy dPLqr ivwc iPwt hY aqy keI kwl hI iemIgrysLn mMqrI mMtI solbrg nfl iznr kr ky aftvf qoN priqaf hY. ijs dI suxoN Aus dI phuMc Dur aftvf qwk hY. koeI hux cMzIgVH ivwc knyzIan kONslyt jnrl bxn vfsqy lfbI kr irhf hY aqy iksy dI awK sYntrI vrgI iksy vwzI srkfrI inXukqI `qy lwgI hoeI hY. cMzIgVH ivwc ilbrlF dI ZF ikRqIaF srkfr vloN vIijLaF qoN “ienkfr” krn vfsqy bxfeI geI CotI ijhI kONslrI knyzIan pMjfbI BfeIcfry nMU bhuq mihMgI pY rhI hY. hr 10 jmfqF piVHaf knyzIan pMjfbI jo iewk vfr aftvf jf afAuNdf hY, bs cMzIgVH kONsl jnrl lwgx dy supny lYx lwg pYNdf hY. sfry dysI knyzIan aYm pI aYh nMU kONslr lgfE qy aOh nMU nf lgfE leI lfbI krn nMU afpxf bhuqf smF brbfd krn lwg pYNdy hn.

          cMgIgVH dy knyzIan  kONslyt dPLqr bfry soc ky sLONkI nMU  bhuq sfl pihlF afpxy do imwqrF ivckfr hoeI gwl Xfd af jFdI hY.  mihPLl ivwc bYTf iewk imwqr ijs ny gorI nfl ivah krvfieaf hoieaf sI ieh kihMidaF jldI Gr jfx leI AuT bYTdf hY ik “bYWz-PfeIt” musLkl ho jFdI hY. Aus df Bfv sI ik lyt Gr jfx nfl gorI GrvflI guwsy ho jFdI hY. awgoN dUjf boilaf aYvyN gorI qoN zrI nf jfieaf kr, nf shurI bwcf idMdI hY aqy nf rotI pkf ky idMdI hY. 10 ku sfl qoN gorI nfl ivafhy imwqr dy Gr koeI bwcf nhIN sI qy rotI qF gorI ny kI pkf ky dyxI sI. imwqr dI gorI vhutI vFg cMzIgVH df kONslyt dPLqr nf lokF nMU vIjLy idMdf hY aqy nf iksy dysI nMU kONslrI krn idMdf hY, bws imwqr dy jldI Gr jfx vFg hr iksy nMU cMzIgVH kONslr lwgx dI lyrI lwgI rihMdI hY.

          torI srkfr qoN mfmUlI ijhI inXukqI hfsl kr cuwkf iewk dysI swjx afpxIaF aYnkF dy AuNgl ijwzy moty sLIisLaF ivcoN dI cugl vFg Jfkdf hoieaf awD kYibnt mMqrI hox df Brm pflLI bYTf hY. ies nvyN dlfl ny afpxy ipwCy sb-dlflF dI POj KVI kr leI hY jo ies dy Dur aftvf qwk bxy sbMDF df gwugf gfAuNdy rihMdy hn. kdy ieh kuJ kbwzIaF vfilaF nMu vIijLaF dy Brosy idMdf hY aqy kdy mnorMjn dy nfm `qy kbUqrbfjLI krn vfilaF nMU. sLONkI nMU lgdY ik  iemIgrysLn mMqrI mMtI solbrg nfloN mMqrfly df bhuqf afnMd ieh ‘cugl-Jfk’ swjx mfx irhf hY. “aFzy ikqy qy kukV kukV ikqy” krn vflf ieh swjx nfm df hI torI hY XfrIaF ies dIaF ilbrlF nfl hn.

          iewk hfiraf hoieaf aYm pI, dysI mIzIafkfrF nMU BfjI BfjI krdf iPrdf hY. ies nMU sLfied vihm ho igaf hY ik BfjI BfjI krn nfl dysI mIzIafkfr aglIaF coxF ivwc  vwD dysI votF ies dy hwk ivwc Bugqf dyxgy qy ieh BwdrpursL BfjI BfjI krdf hoieaf hI aYm pI bx jfvygf. hfiraf hoieaf ieh aYm pI ieh nhIN jfxdf ik Aus qoN BfjI BfjI krvfAux vfly dysI mIzIafkfr hmysLf lfl rMg dy jFgIey lgf ky rwKdy hn qy Dur aMdr qwk ilbrl hn. hflq ieh hY ik jy torI srkfr hux vIijLaF dI brsfq kr dyvy qy aglIaF coxF ivwc BuwkI, sLrfb qy aPLIm df lMgr lgf dyvy qF vI dysI lfxf lMgr pfxI torIaF df Ck ky votF iPr vI ilbrl “pMQ” nMU hI pf afvygf.

          pRDfn mMqrI jnfb stIvn hfrpr ny aftvf ivwc qF “koz afPL kMzkt” lfgU kr ky afpxI srkfr iZmMrI bhuq tfeIt rwKI hoeI hY pr pMjfbI BfeIcfry ivwc peI dlflF dI afpoDfpI df sLfied AuhnF nMU koeI ielm nhIN hY. jy hflq iehI rhI qF hfrpr srkfr nMU dysI dlflF vfsqy vwKrf “koz afPL kMzkt” bxfAuxf pvygf. nhIN qF iksy idn ilbrlF dy “spFsrisLp skYNzl” vFg iksy idn hfrpr srkfr nMU “dysI dlfl” skYNzl df sfhmxf krnf pvygf.

 

kMnsoa dlbdlI dI:

 

          hfrpr dI Gwt igxqI srkfr hfl dI GVI afpxI 100 idnF dI vDIaf kfrgujLfrI aqy ilbrlF dI pqlI hflq kfrn surwiKaq jfpdI hY. hfrpr ny afpxf pihlf bjt blfk dI mdd nfl pfs krvf ilaf qy aPgfinsqfn ivwc POjF rwKx dI imafd do sfl hor ilbrlF dI mdd nfl pfs krvf leI. coxF ivwc kMsrvtv pfrtI dysL dI bhuqy ihwisaF ivwc kfrgujLfrI vDIaf rhI sI pr iqMn vwzy sLihrF mFtrIal, vYnkUvr aqy torFto `c kMsrvtvF nMU nmosLI df sfhmxf krnf ipaf sI. jnfb hfrpr ny mFtrIal nMU kYbint ivwc numfieMdgI dyx vfsqy afpxy ivsLvfspfqr nMU sYnytrI dy ky minstr bxf ilaf sI qy vYnkUvr qoN sfbkf ilbrl kYbint mMqrI zyivz aYmrsn qoN dlbdlI krvf ky afpxI kYbint ivwc sLfml kr ilaf sI. ies qoN bfad jy hfrpr kYbint ivwc koeI aihm KfmI rihMdI hY qF Auh hY dysL dy swB qoN vwzy sLihr torFto dI numfieMdgI dI. ies KfmI qoN ivroDI iDr ivwc bYTy torFto aqy afspfs dy ilbrl aYm pI vI BlIBFq vfkPL hn. ilbrl aYm pIaF nMU ieh vI pqf hY ik AuhnF `coN dlbdlI krn vflf bilMzf aqy zyivz aYmrsn vFg iswDf kYbint ivwc jf bYTygf aqy Auh nvI iksy aihm ahuwdy AuWqy. jy awj qwk torFto mhFngrI dy iksy ilbrl aYm pI ny dl bdlI nhIN kIqI qF ies df ieko iewk kfrn hfrpr srkfr dy jldI izwg jfx df zr hY. sPLlqf nfl 100 idn pUrf kr lYx aqy afpxy qYa kIqy eyjMzy `qy vDIaf ZMg nfl vD rhI hfrpr srkfr ny hux afrjLI siQrqf df pihlf tYst pfs kr ilaf hY. aqy ies nfl iksy minstrI dy cfhvfn leI vI rsqf pwDrf ho igaf jfpdf hY. sLONkI nMU kMsoa peI hY ik Gwto iewk iek ilbrl aYm pI tpUsI mfrn vfsqy igxqIaF imxqIaF dy cwkr ivwc hY. kOx tpUsI mfr skdf hY df aMdfjLf lgfAux vfsqy jnfb zyivz aYmrsn dI tpUsI df mulFkx krnf lfhymMd hovygf. tpUsI mfrn qoN pihlF jnfb aYmrsn stIvn hfrpr nMU pfxI pI pI ky koisaf krdf sI aqy Aus ny dfavf kIqf sI ik Auh nvIN sMsd ivwc hfrpr df vwzf qy dmdfr dusLmx hovygf pr awj aYmrsn kYbint mIitMgF ivwc hfrpr dy nfl dI kursI `qy ibrfjmfn huMdf hY. sLONkI df iKafl hY ik torFto mhFngrI qoN hfrpr vwl tpUsI mfrn vflf ilbrl vI EhI hovygf jo awj hfrpr ivroDI ibafn dfgx ivwc mUhrlI kqfr ivwc hovygf. AuNJ ho ieh hovygI vI skdf hY ijs dI sLONkI nMU ieMqjLfr krnI pvygI. ivroDI iDr dy bYNcF `qy keI agly sfl bYTx nfloN qurq-Purq JMzI vflI kfr df njLfrf vwKrf hI hovygf. Kfs kr jy aglIaF coxF ijwq jfx `qy iksy ivcfry jF ivcfrI nMU ilbrl srkfr ivwc JMzI vflI kfr dI afs nf hovy qF. dysI dlflF dI POj nMU ies nfl bhuq Gftf pvygf ikAuNik dlbdlU dlflF dI POj afpxy nfl hI lY afvygf/afvygI.

-sLONkI ieMglYNzIaf

 


 

kUV inKuty nfnkf EVik sic rhI]-mfmlf coxF df

 

    izksI gurdvfry dy pRbMDkI DVy dIaF kiQq bykYdgIaF nMU aDfr bxy ky ivroDI iDr vwloN kIqy gey adflqI kys df mfmlf hPLqfaMq `qy KUb crcf df ivsLf bixaF irhf. adflq vloN 13 meI dIaF coxF rwd kIqy jfx dy PYsly `qy kys krn vflI iDr ny qswlI df pRgtfvf kIqf hI hY aqy pRbMDkI iDr ny adflqI ZFcy ivwc ivsLvfs pRgt kIqf hY. sLONkI socdY ik clo Gwto Gwt iewk gwl `qy qF dovyN iDrF sihmq hn aqy Auh hY adflqI kfrveI ivwc ivsLvfs. ieh ivsLvfs ikMnf ku icr kfiem rihMdf hY ieh afAux vfly adflqI PYsilaF `qy hI inrBr krygf.

 

    pRDfn jsjIq isMG Buwlr hurF df ieh ibafn sLONkI ny kuJ pricaF ivwc piVHaf hY ijs ivwc AuhnF kuJ ies qrf afiKaf hY; “phfV ijwzf JUT ik asIN  gurduafry iKLlfPL kys nhIN kIqf -jsjIq BUwlr”. Bulr sfihb ny ieh ibafn bhuq spsLtqf nfl idwqf hY ies ivwc scfeI ikMnI ku hY ieh qF mfmly dI CfxbIx krky hI vyiKaf jf skdf hY. sLONkI vfsqy pRDfn sfihb df spsLt ibafn hI kfPLI hY, kfsL pRDfn sfihb ieh ibafn Es smyN dfgdy jd AuhnF dy iewk njLdIkI swjx ny gurdvfrf sihb iKlLfPL isrPL sDfrn kys hI nhIN sI kIqf sgoN gurdvfrf sfihb nMU pihlF zflrF vfsqy sUa kIqf sI aqy iPr gurdvfrf sfihb df bYNk Kfqf PrIjL krvf ky gfrinsL (kurk) krvf ilaf sI.

    rhI gwl ies mfmly ivwc gurdvfrf sfihb iKlfPL kys krn jF sUa krn dI, ivroDI iDr jF qF kmytI awgy pUrI qrF gozy tyk idMdI aqy jF kmytI vloN njLraMdfjL kIqy jfx qoN bfad adflq df shfrf lYNdI aqy pRbMDkF qoN KVy ho cuwky svflF df juvfb mMgdI. ivroDIaF nMU KUMjy vI lfeI rwKxf qy adflqI kys nf krn df zrfvf vI deI jfxf qF pMjfbI dI khfvq “kutxf vI qy rox vI nhIN dyxf” dy qul hY.  ivroDI iDr nMU iehnF do kMmF ivcoN iewk qF krnf hI pYxf sI ikAuNik qIjf rsqy bhq KLqrnfk sI. jd kdy vI qIjf rsqf vriqaf igaf hY qF BfeIcfry dy pwly nmosLI hI peI hY. lVfeI JgVy nfloN adflqI rsqf bhuq bihqr hY aqy hux dovf iDrF nMU ies dy pfbMd rihxf cfhIdf hY.

    gurdvfry `qy kIqy kiQq kys bfry sLONkI eynf hI afKxf cfhygf ik ies bfry jo hvflf ies kys dy muwK pMny `qy kys krn vflI iDr aqy juvfb dyx vflI iDr dy nvF dI kfpI lgf ky idwqf igaf hY Auh sfbq krdf hY ik ky krn vfly kOx hn aqy juvfb dyx vfly kOx hn. juvfb dyh iDr EntyrIE Kflsf drbfr sMsQf dy rUp ivwc nhIN hY sgoN sMsQf nMU clfAux vfly pRbMDkF dy nfm bkfiedf drj kIqy hoey hn. pr ies dy Elt jy Es kys nMU vyiKaf jfvy ijs df crcf aksr gurdvfrf sfihb dy bYNk Kfqy nMU gdfrinsL krvfAux leI huMdf hY qF kys krn vflI iDr dy awgy juvfb dyx vflI iDr isrPL EntyrIE Kflsf drbfr hI hY iksy ivakqI jF iksy ahudydfr df nfm iblkul drj nhIN hY. jd ies kys ivwc gurdvfrf sfihb dy Es smyN dy pRbMDkF vwloN pYrvfeI nf kIqy jfx kfrn adflq ny gurdvfrf sfihb nMU pYsy pf idwqy qF sLkfieq krqf iDr ny dUjf kys dfier kIqf ijs nfl gurdvfrf sfihb df Kfqf sIjL kIqf igaf. ies kys df muwK pMnf vyiKaf jfvy qF ies ivwc vI sLkfieq krqf dy hyT juvfb dyh iDr EntyrIE Kflsf drbfr hY aqy iksy vI ahudydfr jF ivakqI df nfm drj nhIN hY. ies qrF ieh dovyN kys iblkul hI vwKry hn.

    coxF bfry lwgIaF keI aKbfrI KLbrf `qy itpwxI kIqy ibnF sLONkI df ieh kflm pUrf nhIN hovygf. iewk KLbr ivwc dosL lfieaf igaf hY ik ivroDI iDr dy iqMn pirvfr gurdvfrf sfihb `qy kbjLf krn dI koisLsL kr rhy hn.  ies KLbr ivwc ivroDI iDr dy s: rxjoD isMG pMDyr smyq pRmuK afgUaF nMU aDfr bxf ky KVy AumIdvfrF nfl aMglIaF sMglIaF imlfAux dI koisLsL kIqI geI hY. ieh KLbr pVH ky sLONkI nMU pMJfbI dI Auh khfvq Xfd af geI hY jo kuJ ies qrF hY aqy ieh dosL lgfAux vfilaF `qy vI pUrI Auqr skdI hY; “jwt jwtF dy sflyL qy ivcy Gfly mfly”. mfmlf iewQy jy sbMDF df hI hY qF ajyhy sbMD qF iksy dy vI iksy nfl ho skdy hn. ivroDI iDr ies ihsfb nfl pRbMDkI iDr `qy ivsLv isK sMsQf dI mYNbrI dI kVI dy irsLqy nfl iewk sMsQf vwloN kbjLf krn dI koisLsL df dosL lgf skdI hY. aqy sLONkI ny suixaF hY ik ajyhy gwl kuJ lokF ny Gusrmusr dy rUp ivwc suxI vI hY. 

    aglI aKLbfrI KLbr jo sLONkI leI iKLwc df kfrn bxI hY Aus df isrlyK hY “kursI KusdI vyK ky mnoibrqIaF Aujfgr hoeIaF”. lyKk ny ieh KLbr aqy isrlyK iliKaf qF ivroDI iDr nMU nhorf mfrn vfsqy hY pr lyKk ieh gwl Buwl igaf hY ik ivroDI iDr df nfm ivroDI iDr ies krky hY ikAuNk AuhnF kol kursI hY hI nhIN  hY, kursI qF pRbMDkI iDr kol hY aqy kursI qfkq dI pRqIk huMdI hY. jy ivroDI iDr kol qfkq huMdI qF Auh pRbMDkI iDr aKvfAuNdI aqy AuhnF nMU afpxI gwl mnvfAux vfsqy nf bynqI pwqr dyxy pYNdy aqy nf hI adflq jfxf pYNdf Auh qF afpxI mIitMg krky jo cfhuMdy pfs kr lYNdy.

    aglf aKLbfrI isrlyK kihMdf hY, “kichrIaF `c myly lwgdy, coxF dy mfmly `c gurdvfry nMU adflq ivwc ilaFdf”. sLONkI socdY jy ik koeI sLONkI vrgy Buwl BulyKy iksy gurdvfrf kys bfry ajyhf isrlyK ilK bYTdf qF hux nMU qlbIaF dy mqy pfs hox lwg pYxy sn pr hux iksy kMn `qy jUM vI nhIN srkI. pqf nhIN ikAuN ies dysL df iensfPL aqy cfrtr kuJ lokF nMU horF nfloN vwKry iksm dy hwk idMdf hY. jd kdy rYkszyl gurdvfry df kys adflq ivwc igaf aqy PYslf hoieaf sI qF ies nMU sMgqI hwkF dI ijwq aqy ienklfbI PYslf krfr idwqf igaf sI aqy jd gur iswK sBf skfrbro gurdvfry dy kort kys df PYslf hoieaf sI qF Kuwl ky qswlIaF pRgt kIqIaF geIaF sn pr hux izksI gurdvfry bfry adflqI ivvfd cwilaf hY qF ivroDI iDr `qy gurdvfry nMU adflq ivwc lY jfx df dosL lgfAux dI koisLsL kIqI jf rhI hY.

    sLONkI ny adflqI kys krn vfilaF dI mYNbrisLp kYNsl krn dI gwl AuhnF lokF vloN suxI hY jo swcmuwc hI gurdvfry nMU adflq ivwc lY jf cuwky hn. kfsL ikqy AudoN AuhnF dI mYNbrisLp ies aDfr `qy Kfrj ho jFdI aqy Auh ies nMU iKVy mwQy pRvfn kr lYNdy. sLONkI nMU adflqI kys hox dI koeI KusLI nhIN hY pr qwQF nMU qoVn mroVn df Kuwlf hwk vI iksy nMU nhIN idwqf jf skdf.

    adflq ny ivroDI iDr dI gwl sux ky aqy dovF iDrF dy vkIlF vloN vfl dI Kwl lfhy jfx qoN bfad jy coxF rokx aqy izksI gurdvfrf sfihb df sfrf irkfrz  ivroDI iDr dy nrIKx vfsqy dyx df PYslf idwqf hY qF ieh AuhnF dI sLkfieq ivwc dm hox kfrn hI idwqf hY.  kuJ pMjfbI aKLbfrF ny pRbMDkI iDr nMU shI sfbq krn vfsqy eynI kfhlI qoN kMm ilaf hY ik ieko klm df iliKaf lyK ijs gurbfxI dI quk dy hvfly nfl lgfieaf hY Aus dIaf lgF mfqrF vI shI nhIN hn. sLONkI keI aKLbfrF ivwc pRkfsLq hoey Es lyK dI gwl kr irhf hY ijs df isrlyK sI, “kUV inKuty nfnkf EVik sic rhI”. glqI iksy qoN vI ho skdI hY pr ieh lyK pRkfsLq krn vfly sfry aKLbfrF ny hI lgF mfqrF dI iewko iksm dI glqI kr mfrI hY ijs qoN sfbq huMdf hY ik “zrfievr” koeI hor hY qy lfiesYNs iksy hor df vriqaf jf irhf hY.

    ieh lyK ilKx vfly ny gurbfxI dI Auprokq pMgqI kfhlI nfl pMnf 953 qoN leI hY aqy pUrI pMgqI ies qrf hY;

afvxu jfxu n suJeI BIVI glI PhI.

kUV inKuty nfnkf EVik sic rhI]

    adflq df hux vflf PYslf ivroDI iDr dy hwk ivwc af jfx qoN bfad Auprokq pMgqI hux ivroDI iDr vI pUry ivsLvfs nfl vrq skdI hY.

-sLONkI ieMglYNzIaf

 


 

kYnyzf dy iemIgrMt BfeIcfry nMU hfrpr srkfr dy pihly bjt df BrpUr lfB hovygf!

 

          dysL dI Gwt igxqI kMsrvtv srkfr ny afpxf pihlf bjt pysL kr ky AuhnF sfry Brm BulyiKaF nMU glq sfbq kr idwqf hY jo ilbrl smrQk mIzIey ny kOmI pwDr `qy iek socI smJI sfijsL rc ky pfey hoey sn. ilbrl afgU aqy sfbkf pRDfn mMqrI sRI pfl mfritn ny qF ipClIaF do kOmI coxF isrPL ies muwdy `qy hI lVIaF sn ik kMsrvtv pfrtI ivwc nslvfdI qwq BfrU hn qy stIvn hfrpr kYnyzf df hulIaf ivgfV dyvygf. coxF dOrfn jnfb mfritn ny sfrf jLor kMsrvtv pfrtI aqy afgU stIvn hfrpr nMU “hYvfn” sfbq krn `qy hI lgf idwqf sI qy ilbrl mIzIey dI BrpUr mdd nfl dysL dy iqMn mhF ngrF torFto, vYnkUvr qy mFntrIal dy lokF nMU afpxy mgr lgfAux ivwc mfritn kfmXfb vI irhf sI.

          kMsrvtv srkfr ny afpxy pihly bjt ivwc 28 vwK vwK tYks CotF dy ky sfbq kr idwqf hY ik srkfr dysL dI srbpwKI qrwkI vfsqy ilbrl srkfrF nfloN ikqy vwD Tos kdm cuwkx dy Xog hY. hrpr srkfr ny dysL dI vfgzor sMBflx qoN bfad ilbrlF vFg Poky aYlfnnfmy jfrI krI jfx dI QF iskybMd kdm cuwky hn ijhnF ivwc PYzrl akfAUNtyibltI ibwl aqy mujrmF nMU ZukvIN sjLf dyx vfsqy nvF knfMUn bxfAux leI ibwl df KrVf pysL krnf sLfml hY. amrIkf nfl 10 ku sflF qoN ltkdf af irhf sfPLt-vuwz df JgVf vI do mhIinaF ivwc sulJf ky knyzIan lkVI ieMzstrI leI lfhymMd vpfr df rsqf surwiKaq kr idwqf hY.

          bjt ivwc idwqIaF 28 tYks CotF dysL dy lokF dIaF jybF ivwcoN tYks dy rUp ivwc lgfqfr iKsk rhy zflrF dy vhf nMU mwTf krngIaF. iehnF CotF ivcoN kuJ tYks CotF kYnyzf dy iemIgrMt BfeIcfiraF vfsqy bhuq aihmIaq rwKdIaF hn.

          ilbrlF vwloN 975 zflr pRqI iemIgrMt lfieaf igaf  hYWz tYks ijs nMu ilbrlF ny lYNizMg PIs df nfm idwqf hoieaf sI, qurMq 975 zflr qoN Gtf ky 490 zflr kr idwqf igaf hY. ilbrl jo ky iemIgrMtF vfsqy sdf mgrmwC hMJU kyrdy rhy hn, ny ies tYks nfl iemIgrMtF nMU KUb incoiVaf hY. stIvn hfrpr ny coxF mOky iemIgrMtF nfl ieh tYks awDf kr dyx df vfadf kIqf sI aqy Aus ny ies nMU pihly bjt ivwc hI pUrf kr ivKfieaf hY. kuJ lok ieh pRcfr kr rhy hn ik ilbrlF ny vI ies tYks ivwc Cot df vfadf  coxF mOky kIqf sI. ilbrlF ny ieh vfadf kIqf jLrUr sI pr kIqf kMsrvtv pfrtI dy vfady dI kft krn vfsqy hI sI, nhIN qF pfl mfritn dI srkfr ies tYks ivwc Cot bhuq pihlF dy skdI sI. jy ilbrl srkfr bx jFdI qF KI Es ny ieh vfadf pUrf kr dyxf sI ieh vI sLwk dy Gyry ivwc rwKx vflI gwl hI hY ikAuNik ilbrlF ny bhuQyry vfady zMky dI cot `qy kIqf sn pr pUry kdy nhIN kIqy. iehnF ivwc amrIkf nfl “PrI tryz” smJOqf rwd krnf aqy jI aYs tI tYks Kqm krn dfy Poky vfady sLfml hn.

          bjt dI dUjI vwzI tYks Cot hY jI aYs tI ivwc 1% dI ktOqI ijs df lfB dysL dy hr sLihrI nMU hovygf pr Gr qy pRfptIaF KrIdx cfhvfn iemIgrMtF nMU ies df BrpUr lfB hovygf. ieh gwl hr koeI jfxdf hY ik iemIgrMt lok afm kr aqy pMjfbI BfeIcfrf Kfs kr, kYnyzf ivwc pYr lgdy sfr hI Gr KrIdx vwl Bwjdf hY. keI vfr qF hor knyzIan hYrfn huMdy hn ik ieMzo-knyzIan lok Gr eynI jldI ikvyN KrId lYNdy hn. Gr KrIdx vfsqy sfzy lok keI keI sfl qMg ho ky vwzy qy sFJy pirvfrF ivwc vI rih lYNdy hn aqy afp bysmYNt ivwc rih ky qy Gr df Auprlf Bfg ikrfey `qy dy ky vI gujLfrf kr lYNdy hn.

          bjt ivwc jI aYs tI ivwc idwqI geI 1% dI Cot nfl nvF Gr KrIdx vfly KrId kImq df 1% hux bcf skxgy. ies nfl 3 lwK dy Gr `qy 3 hjLfr zflr aqy 4 lwK `qy 4 hjLfr zflr dI bwcq hovygI. ies qrF ies tYks Cot df iemIgrMt BfeIcfrf, Kfs kr pMjfbI BfeIcfrf BrpUr lfB AuTfeygf.

          iemIgrMtF nMU vwzf  lfB hovygf hr Cy sfl qoN Gwt Aumr dy bwcy leI slfnf 1200 zflr dI srkfr vloN mdd jo ik bwcy dI sMBfl leI idwqI jfvygI aqy ieh rkm bybI bons qoN vwKrI hovygI. kYnyzf dy iemIgrMt sLihrI ies df dUhrf lfB AuTf skxgy.  pihlf lfB ieh hY ik iemIgrMt BfeIcfrf aksr dysL ivwc AuplBd zya-kyar syvfvF dI bhuq hI Gwt vrqoN  krdf hY. sLONkI iksy aYsy dosq jF sbMDI nMU nhIN jfxdf ijs ny kdy afpxy bwcy zya kyar sYNtr ivwc Byj ky pfly hox. ikAuNik iemIgrMt lok vwzy aqy sFJy pirvfrF ivwc rihxf psMd krdy hn qy afpxy bwicaF nMU afpxy nyVy rwK ky pflxf cfhuMdy hn ies leI Auh srkfr nMU tYks qF brfbr idMdy hn pr ies tYks nfl cwlx vfly zya kyar sYNtrF dI vrqoN kdy nhIN krdy jF Gwt hI krdy hn ies leI jy srkfr zya kyar vfsqy bhuqy zflr Krc vI dyvy qF bhuqy iemIgrMt ies df lfB nhIN AuTf skxgy. ilbrl aqy aYn zI pI vfly zya kyar zya kyar df rOlf pfeI jf rhy hn pr kMsrvtv srkfr ny tYks zflrF df sfry sLihrIaF nMU lfB dyx vfsqy ieh nvIN nIqI ilaFdI hY ijs nfl Cy sfl qoN Gwt Aumr dy bwicaF dy mfipaF nUM slfnf 1200 zflr idwqf jfvygf aqy ies dy nfl hI zya kyar syvfvF ivwc vI suDfr leI hor pYsf rwiKaf hY ijs nfl iehnF syvfvF ivwc vI hor suDfr ilaFdf jf sky. 1200 zflr vflI skIm df AuhnF mfipaF nMU vI lfB hovygf ijhVy dovyN jIa kMm krdy hn qy AuhnF nMU vI ijhnF `coN iewk kMM krdf hY aqy dUjf sfQI jF sfQx Gr bwicaF dI dyKBfl krdf hY. srkfr ieh mdd dyx vyly mfipaF nMU ieh vI nhIN puwCygI ik AuhnF ieh zflr ikvyN Krc krny hn aqy nf hI koeI rsIdF dyx dI loV pvygI.

          1200 zflr dy ies vfDU bons df iemIgrMtF nMU dUjf lfB ieh hovygf ik bhuqy bwcy aksr iemIgrMtF dy GrIN hI jnm lYNdy hn. ieh bons qF bwicaF dy mfipaF nMU imlxf hY aqy imlygf Aus nMU ijhnF dy bwcy hoxgy. kYnyzf ivwc bwcy qF hux iemIgrMt hI pYdf krdy hn bhuqy gory qF ivcfry hux PokI “lfeIP ieMjuafey” krn jogy hI rih gey hn. iewk bwcf 1200 zflr qy do dy 2400 aqy iqMnF dy 3600 qy Auh vI bybI bons qoN ielfvf, lfB ies df iemIgrMtF nMU vwD hoxf lfjLmI hY.

          sLONkI nMU hYrfnI hY ik iewk iemIgrMt BfeIcfry nfl sbMDq aYm pI ny sMsd ivwc bihs dOrfn kMsrvtv srkfr dI ies pflsI dy iKlfPL KUb BVfs kwZI sI. smilMgI sLfdIaF dy hwk ivwc vot pf ky BfeIcfry dIaF BfvnfvF dy Ault cwlx vfly ies aYm pI ny hux BfeIcfry dy hwk vflI ies pflsI dI inMdf krn nMU qrjIh idwqI hY. pqf nhIN ikAuN kuJ lokF nMU BfeIcfry dy ihwqF dy Ault cwlx ivwc suafd afAuNdf hY.

          afs hY ik hfrpr srkr jldI hI afpxy cox vfady muqfibk smilMgI sLfdIaF dy ilbrlF dy bxfey kfnMUn nMU rwd krn vfsqy ibwl ilafeygI aqy iehnF smilMgI smrQkF nMU iek vfr iPr lokF dIaF BfvnfvF dI kdr krn df mOkf imlygf. pr sLONkI nMU iehnF lokF qoN sLuB afs bhuq Gwt hY.

          hYrfnI sLONkI nMU sQfnk pMjfbI mIzIey dy vqIry qoN bhuq hoeI hY ijs ny kMsrvtv bjt ivwc pysL kIqIaF geIaF 28 tYks CotF nMU koeI aihmIaq hI nhIN idwqI. sfrIaF 28 nf shI Gwto Gwt AuhnF do cfrF df ijLkr krnf qF bxdf hI sI ijhnF dI BfeIcfry vfsqy vwD aihmIaq hY. bhuqy pMjfbI aKLbfr aqy ryzIE ies bfry KfmosL hI rhy hn aqy ijhnF bjt df ijLkr kIqf vI hY Auh bhuq sImq rhy hn. ieh AuhI pMjfbI mIzIaf hY jo ilbrlF dI mfrI geI inwC nMU vI vwzI KLbr bxf ky pysL krdf irhf hY. pfl mfritn dy iemIgrysLn mMqrI joa volpy dy ibafnF aqy aYlnfimaF nMU pMjfbI mIzIaf hYWz lfeInF ivwc pysL krdf irhf hY. rUbI Zflf dy hlky ivwc jd 2005 dy aprYl mhIny ivwc joa volpy ny spFsr kIqy jf cuwky mfipaF nMU mltIpl ivjLtr vIjLy dyx dI PV mfrI mfrI sI qF pMjfbI mIzIaf keI hPLqy volpy dy gux gf gf ky lokF nMU guMmrfh krdf irhf sI. aMq nMU pwitaf phfV qy inkilaf cUhf vflI gwl hoeI sI jd lok idwlI dy cwkr lgf lgf ky PIsF Brdy rhy sn pr ivjLtr vIjLy dy drsLn qwk vI nhIN sn kr sky.

          ilbrlF ny 1993 ivwc afpxy cox mnorQ pwqr ivwc (ijs nMu rYWz buwk afiKaf igaf sI) hr sfl kYnyzf dI kul abfdI df 1% iemIgrMt lYx df ilKqI vfadf kIqf sI pr 13 sfl ivwc iewk vfr vI pUrf nhIN kIqf. hux kMsrvtv srkfr dy iemIgrysLn mMqrI ny mTI solbrg ny sfPL afK idwqf hY ik Auh Pokf vfadf nhIN krngy aqy slfnf 1% dy brfbr vflf nf pUrf kIqf jf skx vflf vfadf nhIN krngy. ies qrF mMqrI ny pihlF byk-lfg ivwc lwgy 8 lwK arjLIkfrF dy kys inptfAux df pRbMD krn df insLfnf imwiQaf hY. ilbrl hux ies mudy qy vI lokF nMU guMmrfh krn dI koisLsL krngy qy ilbrl mIzIaf lokF dI mwq `qy prdf pfAux dI vI hr sMBv koisLsL krygf.

          iewk gwl sLONkI nMU huxy hI iek BrosyXog imwqr ny dwsI hY ik iemIgrysLn ivBfg ny ies sfl dy kbwzI sIjLn vfsqy 100 qoN vwD kbwzI iKzfrIaF dy vIjLy mnjLUr kr idwqy hn aqy ieh iKzfrI qkrIbn sfry hI vwK vwK klwbF nfl sbMDq hn. ies KLbr dy jldI hI nsLr ho jfx dI sMBfvnf hY. hux vyKx vflI gwl ieh hY ik kI sbMDq klwbF aqy pMjfbI mIzIaf mjUdf srkfr dy ies PYsly df Aus grmjosLI nfl svfgq krdf hY ijs nfl ilbrl srkfr qy iemIgrysLn mMqrI joa volpy df aksr kIqf jFdf sI.

-sLONkI ieMglYNzIaf

 

 


 

Aujwzvfd nMU kfbU krn vfsqy sFJy XqnF dI loV!

 

 

          bIqy hPLqy torFto zfAUn tfAUn ivwc ivsfKI ngr kIrqn hoieaf ijs ivwc BfrI igxqI ivwc sMgq ny ihwsf ilaf. vDIaf mOsm aqy iewk idn ieko pRogrfm hox kfrn sMgq df eynI igxqI ivwc phuMcxf  sMBv ho sikaf. kuJ lokF vwloN pRbMDF ivwc rih geIaF keI AUxqfeIaF dI crcf kIqI geI hY. eyny vwzy pRogrfm ivwc AUxqfeIaF df rih jfxf kudrqI hY.

          zispln dI Gft vI bhuq lokF nMU rVkI hY aqy ieh hr vfr ajyhy pRogrfmF ivwc pysL afAuNdI hY. bkfiedf zispln ivwc qurn aqy KVn df vl ajy sfzI ijMLdgI df ihwsf nhIN bx sikaf. Bwj Bwj ky awgy hoxf aqy syvfdfrF dIaF apIlF nMU njLraMdfjL krI jfxf afm ijhI gwl bx geI hY. Gfh `qy jF ngr kIrqn dy pfisaF qy PuwtpfQF `qy qurI jfxf bhuqI vDIaf afdq nhIN hY ies nfl sVk dy dovyN pfsy hI pRBfvq huMdy hn jd ik sVk df dUjf pfsf iblkul vriqaf nhIN jfxf cfhIdf aqy afm lokF vfsqy PuwtpfQ vI lMGxXog rihxf cfhIdf hY.

          bhuqy lokF nMU ieqrfjL hY ik ijs ZMg nfl sMgq nMU sI aYn eI ilafAux vfsqy bws syvf pRdfn kIqI geI sI Aus ZMg nfl AuhnF nMU Gr awpVdy krn vfsqy bws syvf nhIN idwqI geI ijs kfrn bhuq sfry lokF nMU keI keI GMty AuzIk krn qoN bfad tYksIaF ikrfey `qy lY ky jF koeI hor pRbMD kr ky Gr prqxf ipaf. bwicaF aqy bjLurgF nfl gey pirvfrF nMU ies nfl jo qklIPL hoeI hovygI Aus df aMdfjLf sihjy hI lgfieaf jf skdf hY. ieh iewk ajyhI smwisaf hY ijs df sbMD pRbMDkI ZFcy nfl hY aqy sLONkI nMU afs hY pRbMDk swjx rih geIaF KfmIaF nMU dUr krky ies df hwl agly pRogrfm qwk jLrUr kr lYxgy.

          pRbMDk iekwly ijs smwisaf df hwl nhIN kr skdy Auh hY “Aujwzvfd” ijs df pRdsLn ies sLuwB mOky kuJ ku KrUdIaF ny bhuq kfrgr ZMg nfl kIqf hY. sLONkI ny ies df ijLkr vwK vwK ryzIE pRogrfmF ivwc suixaF pr pMjfbI ipRMt mIzIey ny ies bfry iksy aigafq kfrn kr ky pUrI cuwp hI DfrI rwKI hY.

          goizaF dI qklIPL kfrn sLONkI bhuqf qur iPr nhIN skdf ijs kfrn afp qF ies ngr kIrqn ivwc isLrkq nhIN sI kr sikaf pr jo sunx nMU imilaf  hY Aus muqfibk kuJ “swjx” aYsy vI sn ijhnF ny sLrfb df syvn kIqf hoieaf sI. ajyhy lok BfvyN igxqI dy hI hox pr bysuafdI krn leI kuJ lok vI kfPLI huMdy hn. iewk ryzIE `qy kuJ kflrF ny afiKaf ik AuhnF ny kuJ lokF dy mUMh `coN sLrfb dI bdbU mihsUs kIqI aqy sLrfbIaF vflIaF hrkqF vI vyKIaF. iksy swjx ny ieh vI afiKaf ik kuJ aYQink puils vfilaF  ny ajyhy kuJ lokF nMU mOky dI njLfkq nMU smJidaF zispln ivwc rihx vfsqy vI afiKaf. jfhr hY ik ieh aYQink puils aPLsr ajyhy igxqI dy sLrfbIaF nMU bkfiedf sLryafm cfrj kr ky smuwcy smfgm df suafd ikrikrf nhIN sn krnf cfhuMdy. jy puils nMU ajyhf sLryafm krnf pYNdf qF aMgyrjLI mIzIey ny ies nMU afpxI rporitMg df ihwsf bxf lYxf sI. sLrfb dI afdq rwKx vfly swjxF nMU cfhIdf hY ik BivK ivwc Auh afpxf rFJf rfjLI krn vfsqy jo mrjLI krn pr ieh kuJ BfeIcfry dy isr mVHn vfsqy ajyhy Dfrimk pRogrfm `qy nf qsLrIPL ilafAux. Drimk hI nhIN hor sFJy pRogrfm ijvyN KyzF qy siBafcfrk pRogrfm vI ies qrF dIaF hrkqF qoN mukq hI rwKy jfxy cfhIdy hn.

          imlIaF kuJ ku rportF muqfibk ies mOky kUJ motrsfeIklF vfly vI phuMcy hoey sn ijhnF ny bkfiedf gyVf bMn ky ngr kIrqn ivwc sLfml sMgq nMU motr sfeIklF dI gV-gVfht nfl asLFq krI rwiKaf. kI sfry hfjLr motr sfeIklF vfilaF ny ajyhf kIqf? eyny vwzy pRogrfm ivwc hfjLr iksy vI ivakqI vfsqy ajyhf dfavf krnf sMBv nhIN hY pr iewk gwl spsLt hY ik kuJ ajyhy motr sfeIkl vfly jLrUr sn ijhnF dIaF hrkqF nfl sMgq nMU qklIPL hoeI aqy pRogrfm ivwc ivGn ipaf. isafxy nMU iesLfrf hI kfPLI huMdf hY aqy afs kIqI jfxI cfhIdI hY ajyhy lok awgy vfsqy ajyhIaF hrkqF qoN guryjL krngy.

          sLrfb dI vrqoN aqy motr sfeIklF vflI Gtnf ijs iksm dI Gft vwl iesLfrf krdI hY Auh hY BfeIcfry ivwc zispln dI Gft aqy Aujwzvfd df bolbflf. ieh Aujwzvfd df bolbflf hI hY ijs kfrn BfeIcfry dy siBafcfrk aqy KyzF dy keI pRogrfmF ivwc Kll pYNdf irhf hY aqy keI vfr hflq lVfeI JgVy qwk vI awpVdI rhI hY. izksI gurdvfry dy styzIam dy bMd kIqy jfx ipwCy vI ajyhIaF GtnfvF df hI hwQ hY. aqy iehnF GtnfvF ipwCy Aujwzvfd df hwQ hY ijs dIaF jVFH pMjfbI BfeIcfry ivwc Gr kr cwuky “jwtvfd” ivwc hn.

          jwtvfd dIaF jVFH eynIaf zUMGIaF hn ik sLONkI dIaF ilKIaF ieh sqrF pVHdyy sfr hI kuJ swjx sLONkI dI jfq-goq bfry crcy sLurU kr dyxgy koeI sLONkI nMU kuJ afKygf aqy koeI kuJ hor. Aujwqzvfd nMU kfbU krn vfsqy sFJy Xqn hoxy cfhIdy hn ijhnF ivwc mIzIey, Dfrimk, Kyz, smfijk qy siBafcfrk sMsQfvF nMU bxdf Xogdfn pfAuxf cfhIdf hY.

 

akflI dl aqy bfdl ivroDI muhfj

         

          iswK rfjnIqI vwl njLr mfrIey qF pMjfb qoN idwlI rsqy huMdf hoieaf iewk aYsf muhfj bxdf jf irhf hY ijs nMU akflI dl aqy bfdl ivroDI afiKaf jf skdf hY. GoK ky vyiKaF jfpdf hY ik ies sfry kuJ dy ipwCy kFgrs df iswDf hwQ hY aqy qwq-qsIrIey vI ies ivwc sLfml hn. hux kFgrs aqy qwq-qsIrIey iewko QflI ivwc ikvyN Kf skdy hn ies df juvfb qF AuhI dy skdy hn pr Kf hux ieh iewko QflI ivcoN hI rhy hn.

          idwlI qoN srnf BrfvF ny  bfdl nMU KUMjy lgfAux vfsqy kYptn amirMdr isMG nfl XfrI pfeI hoeI hY ijs ivwc bcdy iKlry pqry Coty Coty dl, ZfeI ZfeI mYNbrI pfrtIaF, rMg-brMgy puils kYt qy bhuq sfry dysI qy ivdysLI KfilsqfnI sLfml ho gey hn. hor qF hor hux qF kuJ kfmryz vI iehnF muhfjIaF dI sFJI KurlI ivwc mUMh mfrn lwg pey hn.

          ieh swc hY ik kYptn amirMdr isMG dI kursI nMU bfdl aqy Aus dy akflI dl qoN gMBIr KLqrf hY aqy af rhIaF pMjfb coxF kYptn dy rfjsI BivK df PYslf krngIaF. kYptn nMU afpxy BivK df iPkr qF hoxF hI cfhIdf hY pr pMjfb dy bcdy ZfeI ZfeI mYNbrI dlF nMU bfdl qoN kI Kqrf hY ieh sLONkI vfsqy smJxf musLkl hY. srnf BrfvF leI kFgrs dI bolI bolxf vI AuhnF dI rfjsI mjbUrI ho skdI pr dysI aqy ivdysLI KfilsqfnIaF vfsqy kYptn nfl iGE iKcVI hoxf smJ nhIN afAuNdf. KfilsqfnIaF aqy kYptn dI aMdrUnI sFJ kYptn dI torFto PyrI smyN vI Aujfgr hoeI sI aqy hux srnf ny vI Aus sFJ `qy mohr lgf idwqI hY. kYptn dy izksI gurdvfry ivwc Kfilsqfn dy  bYnr sfhmxy KV ky bolx `qy itwpxI kridaF s: prmjIq isMG srnf ny iewk sQfnk ryzIE pRogrfm `qy bolidaF afiKaf ik ieh iewk cMgI gwl hY ik kFgrsI muwK mMqrI nMU KfilsqfnIaF ny jI afieaF afiKaf hY.

          torFto PyrI dOrfn Kfilsqfn bfry vI s: srnf rMg brMgy ibafn hI idMdy rhy hn. kdy Auh kuJ afK ky iksy df idl nhIN sn duKfAuxf cfhUMdy aqy kdy afKdy sn ik jy iksy dI soc nMU kfmXfbI imly qF AuhnF nMU KusLI hovygI. AuprlIaF dovF lfeInF df arQ ieh inkldf hY ik srnf Kfilsqfn dy ivroD ivwc afK ky iksy df idl nhIN duKfAuxf cfhuMdy sn aqy jy iksy dI soc muqfibk Kfilsqfn bx jfvy qF AuhnF nMU KusLI hovygI. ies dy nfl hI afpxy agly ibafn ivwc s: srnf ny ieh afK ky hor Gcolf Pyr idwqf sI ik Auh pfbNMdIaF df sfhmxf kr rhy lokF (KfilsqfnIaF) nMU rfsLtrI muwK Dfrf nfl joVn ivwc pUrI mdd krngy arQfq (mqlb) KfilsqfnIaF nMU ihMdosqfnIaF ivwc bdl leI shfeI hoxgy.

          iewk hor ryzIE pRogrfm ivwc s: srnf ny vwKvfdI sur rwKx vfly host nMU Bfrq af ky vyK lYx vfsqy ieh afKidaF cYilMj hI kr idwqf sI ik AuWQy jhfjL KVf kr leIey qF Kfilsqfn dy nfm AuWqy do (sLfied cfr afiKaf hoey) suafrIaF  nhIN cVHngIaF. kul imlf ky sLONkI nMU lwigaf ik afpxIaF ryzIE mulfkfqF ivwc rfjsI spsLtqf dy mfmly ivwc s: prmjIq srnf “QUV ivwc twtU BjfAux” vflI gwl hI krdy rhy hn. s: srnf dIaF ieh gwlF sQfnk KfilsqfnIaF dy rfs ikvyN af geIaF ieh qF Auh afp hI dws skdy hn. pqf KfilsqfnIaF nMU vI pUrf hY ik s: srnf df sfrf rfjsI dfromdfr kFgrs dI sLFJ iBaflI `qy hI KVf hY. hux jy kuJ KfilsqfnIaF df dfromdfr vI kFgrs nfl sFJ iBaflI `qy hI KVf hovy qF ieh dovyN iDrF kudrqI qOr `qy “gur BfeI” hoeIaF. iPr qF sB kuJ pUrf iPwt bYTdf hY isrP lokF nMU smJx ivwc hI kuJ idkq pysL af rhI hY.

          ijs ZMg nfl s: srnf ryzIE pRogrfmF `qy svfl krn vfilaF nfl pysL afey Aus qoN jfpdf hY ik Auh ajy kwcy isafsI iKzfrI hn qy iksy hor dy prF `qy hI AuzfrIaF mfr rhy hn. s: srnf bhuqy svflF dy juvfb akflI dl isr qohmqF mVn dy mksd nfl hI idMdy sn aqy afpxy vwloN sfrQk pRogrfm AuhnF Aukf hI pysL nhIN kIqf. AuhnF dy ryzIafeI lihjLy ivcoN rwuKfpn aqy awKVqf dI sfPL Jlk pYNdI sI. suxky ieAuN jfp irhf sI ik jy pMjfb dI isafsq ivcoN s: bfdl nMU mnPLI kr idwqf jfvy qF pMjfb afpxy afp hI svrg bx jfvygf qy hr pfsy iswKI df bolbflf ho jfvygf.  bfdl df coxF ivwc sPLfieaf krn vfsqy AuhnF kYnyzf vwsdy (6 lwK AuhnF muqfibk) hr iswK nMU pMjfb ivwc 10-10 votF qoVn (pRBfvq krn) df sMdysL vI idwqf.

          s: srnf dI QF jy ikqy ajyhI ieMtrivAU iksy bfdl dl dy  afgU ny idwqI huMdI qF grm qbIqIaF ny Aus nMU gwl qwk nhIN sI krn dyxI pr srnf dy mfmly ivwc AuhnF pUrI sihxsLIlqf ivKfeI hY.

          bIqy hPLqy sfbkf jnrl afr aYs idafl nMU kYptn amirMdr isMG vwloN snmfnq krn df ivvfd KVf krn dI koisLsL kIqI geI aqy sRomxI akflI dl ny ies nMU kfPI qUl idwqI. ajyhf krdy smyN akflI dl dIaF njLrF AuhnF qwq-qsIrIaF `qy hoxgIaF ijhVy akflI dl nMU qF CotIaF CotIaF gwlF vfsqy Gurdy hn pr kYptn amirMdr isMG aqy kFgrs nMU swB kuJ muafPL krn vfsqy iqafr rihMdy hn. akflI dl dI ieh cfl vI kFgrsIaF aqy qwq-qsIrIaF nMU vwK krn ivwc asPLl rhI. pr ies dy Ault jy ikqy pRkfsL isMG bfdl ny kYptn amirMdr isMG dI QF jnrl idafl nMU snmfnq kIqf huMdf qF dysI qy ivdysLI qwq-qsIrIaF ny jhfd sLurU kr dyxf sI.  jnrl idafl nMU “aCUq” grdfnx vfly qwq-qsIrIaF nMU afpxy aMdr bYTy puils kYtF df vwD iPkr hoxf cfhIdf hY Kfs kr AuhnF df ijhnF bfry hux sLwk dI bhuqI guMjfiesL nhIN bcI.

          swqf dy lflc ivwc akflI dl aqy bfdl dy iKlfPL jo muhfj kYptn amirMdr isMG aqy kFgrs pfrtI KVf kr rhI jfpdI hY Aus nMU ‘an-holI alfieMs’ hI afiKaf jf skdf hY. ieho kuJ kFgrs ny 1984 qoN pihlF vI kIqf sI ijs dI iswty bhuq iBafnk inkly sn.

-sLONkI ieMglYNzIaf


 

bwicaF nMU motfpy dI ‘mhFmfrI’ qoN bcfAux dI loV!

          awj dy mnuwKI smfj nMU jy “afqmGfqI” smfj afiKaf jfvy qF ieh awqkQnI nhIN hovygI.  lwKF krOVF sUrjF qy DrqIaF dy ies bRihmMz ivwc awj qwk dy jfxy jFdy ies iewko iewk hrBry gRih DrqI nMU lflcI mnuwK ny afpxy aslI-nklI suwKF vfsqy burI qrF lwut puwt suitaf hY. mnuwKI pRdUsLx kfrn DrqI df vfqfvrx burI qrF pRBfvq ho irhf hY, ruwqF bdl rhIaF hn qy kudrqI afPLqF ivwc vfDf ho irhf hY.

          mnuwK DrqI `qy ijwQy vsdf hY AuWQy qF pRdUsLx PYlfAuNdf hI hY ies dy nfl nfl ijDr ikqy iPrnqurn inkldf hY, pRdUsLx nfl hI iKlfrdf iPrdf hY. lykF (JIlF) aqy smuMdr dy iknfry CutIaF kwtx igaf mnuwK gfrbyjL dy Zyr lf afAuNdf hY. brPL nfl lwdy phfVF nMU afpxy sLugl vfsqy sr krn igaf mnuwK aYvirst vrgIaF cotIaF `qy mxF-mUMh gfryb Cwz afAuNdf hY jo sihjy sihjy pIx vfly pfxI dy soimaF nMU pRdUsLq krn  lwg jFdf hY. ies qjfrqI juwg ivwc qyjI nfl PslF pYdf krn dy lflc kfrn mnuwK PslF `qy jLihrIly qwqF aqy KfdF df eynf pRXog krdf hY ik keI dysLF ivwc DrqI hyTlf pIx vflf pfxI hux pIx Xog nhIN irhf. 100-50 sfl pihlF svwsL vgdy diraf aqy BrIaF pivwqr JIlF hux jLihr bxdIaF jf rhIaF hn. KfdF aqy rsfiexF dI vrqoN nfl AugfeIaF PslF jLihrIly mfdy nfl BrdIaF jf rhIaF hn.  arfm dIaF vsqUaF aqy ibjlI pYdf krn vfsqy vriqaf jf irhf qyl qy koielf jLihrIaF gYsF pYdf krdf hY ijs kfrn aimMRq vyly pivqwr mINh leI pukfr krdy ppIhy nMU sfPL mINh dI QF qyjLbI mINh (aYsz ryn) nsIb hox lwg ipaf hY.

          ibjlI dI vD rhI BuwK nMU axgihlI nfl pUrf krdf mnuwK keI vfr pRmfxU plFtF nMU Xukryn dy crnoivl vFg jd hfdsfgRsq krvf bYTdf hY qF hjLfrF vrg mIl df ielfkf sYNkVy sflF vfsqy vsx aqy vrqx Xog nhIN rihMdf. pRmfxU mfr kfrn keI keI dhfky bnspqI, jIv qy mnuwK nuksdfr aMgF nfl jMmdy qy kYNsr vrgy rogF nfl mrdy rihMdy hn.

          antfritk vrgy vIrfn kFtInYNt (mhFdIp) `qy Koj krn igaf mnuwK pRdUsLx nfl lY jFdf hY qy DrqI duafly pulfV dI Koj nMU inkilaf mnuwK kUVy-krkt dy hjLfrF tukVy pulfV ivwc Cwz afAuNdf hY. awj mnuwK ny afpxy pfey ies puafVy `qy inghf rwKx vfsqy keI aOjLfr qy awKF pulfV ivwc gwzIaF hoeIaF hn qF ik ikqy pulfV df kUVf mnuwK dy kImqI sYtylfeIt qbfh jF nkfrf nf kr dyvy. jy ikqy iewk awDf kimAUnIkysLn sYtfleIt iksy durGtnf kfrn nkfrf ho jfvy qF dunIaF Br dIaF vpfrk mMzIaF dy Bfa izwg pYNdy hn ijs nfl keI krOVF pqI kfgjLF ivwc hI kuJ GMitaF ivwc grIb ho jFdy hn qy srkfrF nMU vKLq pY jFdf hY.

          mnuwK kudrq df pYdf kIqf hoieaf sB qoN KLqrnfk aqy mfrU jIv hY jo nf afpxy afp df skf hY aqy nf nfl iksy hor jIv jF vsqU df. mnuwK skf hY qF isrPL afpxy ivkfrF df skf hY. kfm, kroD, loB, moh aqy hMkfr dy ivkfrF df kYdI mnuwK isrPL bfhrI rUp ivwc hI vfqfvrx qy kudrqI qvfjLun df nuksfn nhIN kr irhf sgoN aMdro aMdr afpxy srIr qy afpxy aMdrly qvjLun df vI swiqaf nfs krI jf irhf hY.

          awjy awj hI iek rport afeI hY ik kYnyzf ivwc sfrIaF mfrU bImfrIaF ijhnF ivwc kYNsr, hfrt atYk qy strok vrgIaF bImfrIaF sLfml hn dy ielfj nfloN mnuwK dy ivkfrF qy nisLaF qoN pYdf hoeIaF musIbqF `qy ikqy vwD Krc afAUNdf hY. sLrfb, qMbfkU, smYk qy hor nisLaF kfrn hoey aYksIzYNt, swtF dy ielfj aqy bImfrIaF `qy dysL hr sfl 40 iblIan Krc krdf hY jd ik mfrU rogF dy ielfj vfsqy ikqy Gwt Kricaf jFdf hY.

          awj hI iek rport afeI hY ijs nMU pVH ky sLONkI dy lUMh-kMzy KVy ho gey hn. kYnyzf Br ivwc idl dy rogF dy mfhr zfktr brfien mYkirMzl ny iewk ivsqrq rport ivwc afiKaf hY ik jy dysL dy bwicaF nMU mutfpy (EbIstI) qoN bcfAux vfsqy ZukvyN kdm nf cwuky gey qF Auh idn dUr nhIN jd bhuq sfry bwcy mfipaF dIaF awKF dy sfhmxy hI ies dunIaF qoN kUc kr jfieaf krngy. zfktr brfien ny afiKaf hY ik loVoN moty ho rhy bwicaF ivwc idl nfl sbMDq rog aqy sLkrrog (zfiebtIjL) vDdI jf rhI hY aqy Auh ies dy sbUq hr rojL hspqflF ivwc vyKdf hY.

          zfktr brfien ny afiKaf hY ik awj kYnyzf dunIaF dy AuhnF 25% muhrly dysLF ivwc hY ijwQy “cfielz EbIstI” (bwicaF df motfpf) icMqfjnk hwd qwk vDdf jf irhf hY. ijs kfrn zfktr sLkrrog aqy hor aYsy mfrU rogF qoN pIVHq bwicaF df ielfj kr rhy hn ijhnF rogF df kuJ dhfky pihlF bwicaF ivwc nfmo-insLfn nhIN sI huMdf. ies df kfrn zfktr brfien ny GtIaf Kurfk, GtIaf Kfx dIaF afdqF, vrijsL dI Gft aqy pRdUsLq vfqfvrx dwisaf hY.

          Kfx vfly pdrQF ivwc qfjLgI gfieb ho geI hY ikAuNik mnuwKI jIvn df msLInIkrn ho igaf hY. zflr qy not bxfAux vfsqy lwgI dOV ivwc ivasq mnuwK zwbybMd pRfsYsz PUz Kf ky gujLfrf krn lwg ipaf hY qy kMpnIaF afpxIaf qjLOrIaF Brn vfsqy ajyhy pdfrQF dy Zyr mfrkIt ivwc lfeI bYTIaF hn. cOrfsI dy ies cwkr ivcoN inklxf hux mnuwK vfsqy sMBv hI nhIN jfpdf.

          bwcy brgr, kyk, pIjLy kok, pYpsI aqy hor sfPLt zirMks KfxpIx nMU mMgdy hn jo jF qF KMz nfl Bry pey hn jF stfrc (mYdf numf aftf) aqy jF PYt (ckneI qyl, btr, crbI afid) nfl. jy ikqy iksy jUs vgYrf dy bMd zwby qy iliKaf piVHaf jfvy qF KMz dI imkdfr pVH ky hwQ kMbdy hn. jo ksr rih jFdI hY Auh asIN dwKxI eysLIaf dy lok krfry qVky dy nfm `qy qyl jF btr nfl Bry PrfeI pYn ivwc qVky lgf ky kwZ idMdy hF.

          jd kdy sLONkI grosrI stor jFdf hY qF koeI hI aYsf pMjfbI imldf hY jo 1% jF 2% dy dwuD dy bYg nMU hwQ pfAuNdf hoey, nhIN qF swB homo homo krdy iPrdy hn. jy kdy koeI stor btr syl AuWqy lgf dyvy qF ieh pMjfbIaF jogf hI huMdf hY qy iPr do jF cfr itwkIaF koeI nhIN cuwkdf bws btr dIaF pytIaF hI KrIdIaF jFdIaF hn. qVky vfsqy qyl asIN bhuqI vfr Auh KrIddy hF jo swB qoN GtIaf qy ssqf hovy. ssqy qyl, btr, KMz dIaF borIaF qy homo duwD nfl pMjvI sfzI Kurfk aftf hY aqy Auh vI icwtf mYdy vrgf aftf ijs dIaF rotIaF nrm nrm pUrIaF vFg bxdIaF hox. bws ieh pMjy jLihrF nfl hI sfzy sfry Bojn bxdy hn hor vsUaF df syvn asIN mfVfmotf hI krdy hF. qfjLf kwcIaF hrIaF sbjLIaF, Pl qy nts (myvy) sfzI Kurfk df kdy aihm ihwsf nhIN bxy. hF iek bdfm Kfx dI lflsf sfnMU sfzy bjLurgF qoN jLrUr imlI hY pr bdfm hux mihMgy bhuq ho gey hn qy sfnMU ivsrdy jf rhy hn.

          mfhr dwsdy hn ik kYnyzf ivwc sfAUQ eysLIan lokF ivwc idl dy rog aqy sLkrrog (zfiebtIjL) dI mfr hor BfeIcfiraF nfloN ijLafdf hY. kfrn sfzI jIvnjfc aqy Kurfk hY. asIN bhuqy vYjItyrIan (sLfkfhfrI) hF jo ik cMgI gwl hY pr hF asIN GtIaf iksm dy sLfkfhfrI hF jo zfhZy iPkr vflI gwl hY.

          ishqXfbI vfsqy pMjfbI BfeIcfry nMU vDIaf sLfkfhfrI bnx vfsqy Xqn krny pYxgy. vDIaf iksm df qfkq vflf aftf ijs nMU hol-vIt aftf afKdy hn nMU hI jy Kfxf sLurU kr leIey jF shI idsLf vwl qur pvFgy ikAuNik sfzI Kurfk df vwzf ihwsf hY hI aftf. gurdvfry lMgr ivwc jy koeI slfd df pRbMD kr lvy qF slfd lYx vfly koeI ivrlf hI imldf hY qy Auh vI bws QoVHf idE jI vflf huMdf hY qy kxk dy icwty afty dy 5-5 Pulky Kfx vfilaF nfl lMgr hfl Biraf ipaf huMdf hY. jwdI pusLqI zfiebtIjL df mrIjL sLONkI kdy lMgr ivcoN KIr Kfx qoN ibnF nhIN AuTdf. sLONkI ies mihkmy df mfhr  nhIN hY, sgoN afp iewk mrIjL hY pr awj zfktrF dIaF rportF pVH ky sLONkI df mwQf Txk igaf hY qy ieh lfeInF ilKx nMU mjbUr hoieaf hY.  hr pMjfbI mfpf Jwt afK idMdf hY ik jI swB kuJ bwicaF vfsqy krdy hF. hux qF zfktrF muqfibk bwicaF dI ishq leI Kqrf KVf ho igaf hY BfvyN ieh Kqrf iekwlf pMjfbI bwicaF vfsqy hI nhIN hY.  mIzIey, smfj syvkF aqy mfhrF nMU BfeIcfry dy KfxpIx aqy rihx sihx dIaF afdqF ivwc suDfr ilafAux leI Xqn krny cfhIdy hn qy sLONkI KIr Gwt kr dyvygf.

-        sLONkI ieMglYNzIaf


 

bIbI bilMzf strfink df klfqimk kfrtUn vyK ky sLONkI im: PilMcton kfrtUn vFg hwisaf!

 

          kfrtUn klf keI dhfikaF qoN dunIaF Br dy ipRMt mIzIey df iewk bhuq mhwqvpUrn aMg hY. dunIaF dy bhuq sfry aKLbfrF ivwc kfrtUn bkfiedf pRkfsLq kIqy jFdy hn aqy bhuqI vfr kfrtUn nMU aYzItorIal dy nfl swjy hwQ mhwqvpUrn jgfH idwqI jFdI hY. kfrtUn aksr clMq mfmilaF `qy qyjLqrfr itwpxI krn jF ivaMg kwsx vfsqy bxfey jFdy hn. kfrtUn klf keI vfr klm nfloN vI qyjL vfr krdI hY.

          ipRMt mIzIey ny  kfrtUn klf nMU ies ZMg nfl afpxf aMg bxf ilaf hY ik bhuqI vfr vwK vwK dysLF df adflqI ZFcf sKLq qoN sKLq kfrtUnI ivaMg nMU jfiejL itwpxI dy qOr `qy mfnqf idMdf hY. awj qwk BfvyN ieh mfnqf dunIaF dy jmhUrI dysLF qwk hI sImq rhI hY pr hux qknIk dy ivkfs nfl ies ny gYr-jmhUrI dysLF qwk vI afpxy pYr psfrny sLurU kr idwqy hn.

          kuJ ku mhIny pihlF hjLrq muhMmd sfihb dy drjn ku kfrtUnF df rOlf dunIaF Br ivwc ipaf sI. ieslfimk dunIaF ny ijwQy ies df BrvF ivroD kIqf sI AuWQy pwCmI dysLF dy bhuqy mIzIey ny ies aDfr `qy ieh kfrtUn pRkfsLq kIqy jfx df smrQn kIqf sI ik ieh ipRMt mIzIey dI ajLfdI df ihwsf hY aqy ieh kfrtUn hjLrq muhMmd sfihb df inrfdr krn vfsqy nhIN sgoN ieslfimk kwtVpMQIaF vloN ieslfm dy pRsfrq kIqy jf rhy ichry-mohry df ivroD krn vfsqy sn.

          Drm dy mfmly ivwc kfrtUn bhuq hI irskI kMm hY ikAuNik hr ivakqI iksy hor dy Drm jF ivsLvfs bfry ivaMg jF mKOl df qF muskrf ky afnMd mfxdf hY pr jd ikqy Aus dy afpxy Drm bfry gwl huMdI hY qF guwsf Kf jFdf hY. hjLrq muhMmd sfihb dy kfrtUnF dy mfmly ivwc vI ieMJ hI hoieaf sI.

          jd musilm dysLF ivwc awgjnI dIaF vfrdfqF ho rhIaF sn qF ies `qy ivaMg kwsidaF dunIaF dy bhuq sfry gYr-ielfimk dysLF ivwc hor kfrtUn bxfey aqy pRkfsLq kIqy gey sn. ieh Auh kfrtUn sn jo hjLrq muhMmd bfry nhIN sn sgoN AuhnF muslmfnF bfry sn jo guwsf Kf gey sn. sLONkI ny ajyhy hI iewk kfrtUn dI lVI ieMtrnYWt `qy vyKI sI ijs ivwc pihlI qsvIr ivwc do ivakqI afhmxy sfhmxy kursIaF `qy bYTy gwlF kr rhy hn aqy iehnF dovF ivcoN iewk ny musilm pihrfvf pfieaf hoieaf hY. hwQ ivwc iewk ikqfb PVI bYTf gYr-musilm ivakqI eIsf msIh bfry kuJ ivaMgmeI afKdf hY qF awgy bYTf musilm ivakqI hf[[hf[[hf krky hwsdf hY. aglI qsvIr ivwc gYr-muslmfn mhfqmf buwD bfry mKOl krdf hY qF musilm ivakqI hor hf[[[hf[[hf kr ky hwsdf hY. qIjI qsvIr ivwc gYr-musilm pop bfry mKOl krdf hY qF musilm ivakqI afpxy mwQy `qy hwQ rwK ky hor vI jLor nfl hwsdf hY. cOQI qsvIr ivwc jd gYr-muslmfn XhUdIaF bfry ivaMg kwsdf hY qF sfhmxy bYTy muslmfn qoN hfsf roikaf hI nhIN jFdf. pr jd pMjvIN qsvIr ivwc gYr-muslmfn muhMmd df nfm lYNdf hY qF sfhmxy bYTf muslmfn iewkdm bhuq sIrIas ho jFdf hY. CyvIN qsvIr ivwc gYr-muslmfn gfieb hY isrPL Aus dy Bwjx nfl AuWzI DUV aqy hvf ivwc izwg rhI ikqfb hI ivKfeI idMdI hY qy muslmfn ivakqI guwsy ivwc iewk vwzI qlvfr mfrn vfsqy AulfrI KVf hY.

          Auprokq kfrtUnF dI lVI ivwc agr muslm ivakqI dI jgfH hor iksy Drm df ivakqI ibTf idwqf jfvy aqy ivaMg dI lVI Es dy Drm `qy jf ky qoVI jfvy qF iswtf iPr vI sLfied ieh hI inkly.  dUjy dy ivsLvfs `qy ivaMg kws ky hwsxf bhuq asfn hY pr afpxy aMdr sihxsLIlqf pYdf krnf bhuq musLkl hY. sihxsLIlqf, BrfqrIBfv qy syvf df sMdysL dyx vfly sfry Drm awj aishxsLIlqf dy somy bx gey jfpdy hn.

          rfjsI Kyqr vfsqy kfrtUn ivaMg, bhuq hI ZukvF kMm krdf hY qy jmhUUrI dysLF df kfrtUn-nvIs rfjsI afgUaF dI mfr qoN vI surwiKaq rihMdf hY. sLONkI ies lyK ivwc gwl bIbI bilMzf strfink dI krnI cfhuMdf hY. EhI bIbI bilMzf jo kdy kMsrvtv pfrtI dI aihm afgU sI aqy hux ilbrl pfrtI dI mUhrlI kqfr ivwc hY. sfl 2003 ivwc bIbI ny kMsrvtv afgU bnx vfsqy cox vI lVI sI pr stIvn hfrpr qoN hfr geI sI. kMsrvtv pfrtI aMdr bIbI ny QoHVy hI smyN ivwc cMgI QFH bxf leI sI aqy izptI kMsrvtv afgU pItr mIkya nfl pRym pING vI pf leI sI.

          meI 2005 ivwc jd iQVkU ilbrl afgU pfl mfritn dI Gwt igxqI srkfr nMU sMsd ivwc byBrosgI dy mqy df sfhmxf krnf pY irhf sI qF bIbI bilMzf mfritnvfdIaF ny rfqorfq KrId leI sI. jF ieMJ afK lE ik bIbI mfritn qoN minstrI lY ky ivk geI sI.  bIbI leI minstrI dI iKwc eynI blvfn sI ik Aus ny izptI kMsrvtv afgU pItr mIkya nfl moh dIaF sfrIaF qMdF vI iewkdm kwt idwqIaF sn qy ivcfrf mIkya ieh swB kuJ nf shfrdf hoieaf aftvf Cwz ky afpxy Pfrm nMU Bwj igaf sI. agly idn knyzIan mIzIey ivwc kuwqy df isr plosdy murJfey hoey pItr mIkya dIaF qsvIrF vyKx nMU imlIaF sn qy bIbI bilMzf pRYs kfnPrMs ivwc pfl mfritn dy Kwby pfsy bYTI afpxy nvyN bfs mfritn dIaF isPqF kr rhI sI `qy kwl dy bfs stIvn hfrpr nMU pfxI pI pI ky kos rhI sI. 

          bIbI bilMzf nfl sLONkI df kuJ purfxf hI irsLqf hY. jd bIbI kMsrvtv pfrtI dI lIzr bnx vfsqy stIvn hfrpr dy iKlfPL KVI sI qF sLONkI ny bIbI dy smrQk iewk sQfnk iswK afgU nMU ieh afK idwqf sI ik bIbI pYsy dy jLor nfl pRDfn mMqrI dI kursI qwk awpVnf cfhuMdI AuNJ bIbI bIbI ivwc nf isafsI kx hY aqy nf iksy isafsI PlsPy nfl Aus dI koeI bcnbwDqf hY. meI 2005 ivwc bIbI vwloN kjMsrtvF nMU alivdf afKx qoN do ku hPLqy pihlF hI sLONkI ny “kMsrvtvF nMU bilMzf blfeIt qoN Kqrf” dy isrlyK hyT iewk lyK KLbrnfmf vfsqy ilK mfiraf sI. bIbI Bwj jfvygI ieh sLONkI nMU spsLt ivKfeI dyx lwg ipaf sI. bIbI dy Bwj jfx qoN bafd sLONkI nMU Esy iswK afgU df Pon af igaf sI jo kdy bIbI df smrQk irhf sI aqy Aus ny pYNdI swty iehI afiKaf, “sLONkI jI EhI hoieaf jo qusF afiKaf sI bilMzf bfry quhfzI rfey iblkul TIk sI.”

          bIbI bilMzf kMsrvtv pfrtI dI abI qoN qbI afgU bx jfxf cfhuMdI sI aqy jd Aus nMU ieh supnf aDUrf rihMdf jfipaf qF inrfsL ho geI. jd ilbrlF ny minstrI df Jlkfrf mfiraf qF bIbI nMU iml rhI mnstrI, pRDfn mMqrI dI kursI vwl jFdI pwgzMzI vFG ivKfeI idwqI. bIbI swB kuJ Cwz ky ies kursI `qy jf ibrfjI. ies dy nfl hI ieh crcf sLurU ho geI ik bIbI dI awK ilbrl lIzrisLp `qy hY. hux pfl mfritn dy asqIPLy qoN bafd iewk vfr iPr jd sMBfvI ilbrl afgU dI crcf sLurU hoeI qF iewk vfr iPr bIbI bilMzf dy nfm df vI ijLkr hoxf sLurU ho igaf. keI hPiqaF dI cwup qoN bafd jd bIbI bilMzf nMU ilbrl lIzrisLp dOV ivwc kuJ pwly pYx dI afs njLr nf afeI qF bIbI ny “nwc nf jfxy aFgn tyZf” vflI gwl kIqI. bIbI ny afiKaf hY ik ilbrl lIzrisLp dOV bhuq ivMgI-tyzI KIr hY jo Auh Ck nhIN skdI. bIbI vfsqy hr cox hlky `coN zYlIgyt cux ky lIzrisLp ijwqxI musLkl hY. bIbI hr ilbrl mYNbr nMU iswDI vot df hwk idwqf jfxf locdI hY qy votF kOmI pwDr `qy pvfAuxIaF cfhuMdI hY. ilbrl pfrtI aYsf qrIkf vrqx vfsqy iqafr nhIN hY ijs kfrn bIbI bilMzf ilbrl afgU dI dOV ivwc sLfml hox qoN ipwCy ht geI hY.

          bIqy hPLqy sLOkI jd gurdvfrf sfihb dy lMgr hfl dI kMD nfl, duwD vfly mUhdy mfry KflI kryt `qy bYTf cfh df lMgr Ck irhf sI qF kuJ swjxF ny gurdvfrf sfihb dI cox bfry cuMJ-crcf CyV leI. ajy iehnF swjxF dI coxF bfry gwl ivwc hI sI ik iewk swjx ny jyb ivwc iewk aKLbfr dy kfrtUn dI kfqr kwZ ky sLONkI vwl kridaF afiKaf, “sLONkI jI afh lE quhfzI bilMzf blfeIt”.

          sLONkI bIbI df klfqimk kfrtUn vyK ky “PrYz PilMcton” dy kfrtUn vFg hwisaf aqy sLONkI df idl imstr PilMcton vFg AuWcI sur ivwc “avfzfvf zU” afKx nMU kIqf. pr gurdvfrf sfihb ivwc bYTy hox df aihsfs kr ky sLONkI afpxy jMglI ho rhy hfvFBfvF `qy kfbU pfAux ivwc kfmXfb irhf. sLONkI vfr vfr kfrtUn vwl inhfrI jf irhf sI qy kfrtUn-nvIs nMU “KusL kIqy”, “KusL kIqy” afK ky sLfbsL dyeI jf irhf sI.

          kfrtUn-nvIs ny bIbI bilMzf dI ‘lIzrisLp dOV’ vflI kfr qyl mukx kfrn sVHk iknfry KVI ivKfeI hY qy murJfeI hoeI bIbI hwQ ivwc pIpI PVI ptrol dI Bfl ivwc qurI jFdI ivKfeI hY. bIbI df sfbkf pRymI aqy mjUdf ivdysL mMqrI pItr mIkya kOmI JMzI vflI kfr dI qfkI ivwcoN bfhr mUMh kwZ ky bIbI bilMzf vwl ivaMg kws irhf ivKfieaf hY. sLONkI ies klfqimk kfrtUn-nvIs dy vyK vyK bilhfry jFdf hY.

-sLONkI ieMglYNzIaf

 


kYnyzf srkfr vloN ‘qfiml tfeIgrjL’ nMU  dihsLqgrd krfr dyxf iewk vDIaf kdm hY!

          jnfb hfrpr dI Gwt igxqI srkfr bhuq PUk PUk pYr rwK rhI hY qy hr PYslf bhuq iDafn nfl kIqf aqy aYlfinaf jf irhf hY. ‘ilty’ dy Coty nfm nfl jfxI jFdI KUMKfr qfiml vwKvfdI jQybMdI ijs df pUrf nfm lbrysLn tfeIgrjL afPL qfiml eIlm hY nMU dihsLqgrd sMgTn aYlfnx dI hfmI qF BfvyN kMsrvtv pfrtI ny coxF dOrfn hI Br idwqI sI pr ies nMU pUrf ies hPLqy hI kIqf hY.

          qkrIbn cfr ku hPLqy pihlF ‘ihAUimn rfeIts vfc’ nfm dI iewk sMsQf ny afpxI iewk aihm rport ivwc ikhf sI ik ‘ilty’ aqy Aus dIaF sihXogI jQybMdIaF kYnyzf dy qfiml BfeIcfry qoN bhuq hI XojnfbwD ZMg nfl “XuwD-tYks” vsUldIaF hn. ies rport ivwc ies jQybMdI ny ies bfry bhuq sfry sbUq vI pysL kIqy sn. nYsnl post aKLbfr ny ies rport qoN bfad qfiml BfsfF ivwc Cipaf Auh Pfrm vI pRkfsLq kr idwqf sI ijs nMU AuhnF ‘plYj Pfrm” df nfm idwqf sI. lokF qoN ‘XuwD-tYks’ vsUlx vfsqy ‘ilty’ dIaF sQfnk sihXogI jQybMdIaF ieh Pfrm lokF nMU pYsy vsUlx vfsqy BrvfAuNdIaF sn ijs aDIn plYj dyx vflf ivakqI hr mhIny afpxI kmfeI df kuJ ihwsf ‘ilty’ dy hvfly kr idMdf hY.

          rport muqfibk ilty nMU zflr dyx aqy nf dyx vfly lokF dI jfxkfrI bhuq ajLfdI nfl sRI lMkf dy AuWqr-pUrbI qwt dy bfgIaF dy kbjLy vfly ielfikaF qwk asfnI nfl adfn-pRdfn kIqI jf rhI  hY ies nfl qfiml ipCokV vfly knyzIan ilty dy BYa hyT idn kwtI kr rhy hn. BfvyN ilty dy sQfnk sihXogI ieh dfavf kr rhy hn ik lok afpxI mrjLI nfl ilty nMU “lok-kfrjF” vfsqy zflr dy rhy hn pr sbUqF dI rOsLnI ivwc ies nMU pUrI qrf svIkfr krnf sMBv nhIN hY. ieh TIk hY ik kuJ aYsy qfiml jLrUr hoxgy jo afpxI mrjLI nfl ilty nMU zonysLn dy rhy hoxgy pr ilty jQybMdI ijs kMm vfsqy ieh DMn vrq rhI hY Auh awj dy aMqr rfsLtrI aqy knyzIan  inXmF muqfibk ‘disLqgrd’ kfrvfeIaF hn.

          ‘ihAUimn  rfeIts vfc’ dI ies rport dI knyzIan pRYs ivwc BrpUr crcf hoeI sI aqy keI qfiml vwKvfdI sMgTnF ny ies df ivroD vI kIqf sI. hfrpr srkfr ny sfry mfmly `qy mukMml inghf mfrn qoN bfad hI ilty nMU dihsLqgrd sMgTn GoisLq krn df aYlfn kIqf hY. aqy ajyhf kridaf hfrpr srkfr ny dysL dy ihwqF aqy inXmF nMU iDafn ivwc rwiKaf hY,  Gwt igxqI qfimlF dIaF votF nMU nhIN. hfrpr srkfr dI ies hOsly leI sLlfGf krnI bxdI hY.

          ilbrl srkr keI sflF qoN ilty nMU dihsLqgrd GoisLq krn qoN tfl-mtol kr rhI sI. bhfnf ieh lfieaf jf irhf sI ik kYnyzf srkfr sRI lMkf dy ivvfd ivwc ivcolgI krn vfsqy dovF iDrF ivckfr sMquln rwKx dI koisLsL kr rhI sI pr ies df asl kfrn votF dI mfrU rfjnIqI hI sI. kYnyzf dI surwiKaf eyjMsI ‘sIss’ keI vfr srkfr nMU ieh isPLrsL kr cuwkI sI ik ilty nMU dihsLqgrd GoisLq kr idwqf jfxf cfhIdf hY ijs nfl dysL dIaF surwiKaf eyjMsIaF dihsLqgrd kfrvfeIaF vfsqy Byijaf jf irhf DMn rokx df Auprflf kr skx. ilbrl srkfr ny ajyhf sKLq kdm qF kI cuwkxf sI sgoN sRI mfritn afp ilty aqy ilty dIaF sihXogI jQybMdIaF dI hOslf aPLjLfeI vfsqy AuhnF dy smfgmF `qy vI jf afey sn.

          ‘ilty’ dunIaF dI swB qoN vwD afrgynfeIjLz dihsLqgrd jQybMdI mMnI jFdI hY aqy awj dy Xuwg ivwc ies nMU afqmGfqI hmilaF dI jnmdfqI vI mMinaF jFdf hY. ilty vwloN ivwZI ihMsk vwKvfdI muihMm nfl bIqy 20 sflF ivwc 64 hjLfr qoN vwD lok mfry jf cuky hn aqy lwKF jLKmI qy byGr hoey hn. mMinaF jFdf hY ik ilty hux qwk ieslfimk kwtVpMQI sMgTnF hms, hYjLbulf aqy ieslfimk jIhfd qoN vwD hmly kr cuwkI hY. hux qwk ilty ny 160 qoN vwD afqmGfqI hmly kIqy hn ijhnF ivwc bhuq sfry afm lok aqy afgU mfry gey hn. ilty ny ‘cfielz-soljr’ Bfvy gurIlf XuwD vfsqy 10 - 12 sfl qwk bwicaF nMU vrqx dI iprq vI pfeI hY ijs qoN bwicaF dy hwkF `qy hmlf smiJaf jf irhf hY.

          ‘sIss’ muqfibk kYnyzf ivwc ilty dIaF awT smrQk jQybMdIaF hn ijhnF nMU sIss ilty dIaF “PrMt-jQybMdIaF” smJdI hY aqy ies qoN ielfvf keI PrMt kMpnIaF vI hn ijhnF nMU ilty dI mdd vfsqy vriqaf jf irhf hY. ilbrlF dy rfjkfl ivwc bixaF “aYtIN tYroirjLm aYkt” srkfr nMU disLqgrd sMgTnF dy nfl nfl AuhnF dy sihXogI sMgTnF `qy vI pfbMdI lgfAux df hwk idMdf hY pr ajy qwk hfrpr srkfr ny isrP ilty `qy hI pfbMdI lgfeI hY. qyl aqy qyl dI Dfr vyK ky hfrpr srkfr ilty dy sihXogI sMgTnF iKlfPL vI BvK ivwc kfrvfeI kr skdI hY. ilty nMU gYr-kfnUMnI krfr idwqy jfx nfl hux ilty vfsqy kMm krn jF sihXog krn vfly lokF nMU 10 sfl qwk dI kYd dI sjLf ho skdI hY.

          amrIkf aqy ieMglYNz pihlF hI ilty nMU dihsLqgrd sMgTn GoisLq kr ky ies nMU gYr-kfnUMnI sMsQf krfr dy cuwky hn. kYnyzf dI nvIN srkfr vwloN ilty nMU dihsLgrd GosLq krnf iewk vDIaf aqy sLlfGfXog kdm hY. ieh sQfnk qfiml BfeIcfry dy vI ihwq ivwc hY ik Auh ilty bfgIaF dy zr-BYa qoN bgYr kYnyzf ivwc afpxf BivK byhqr bxfAux vfsqy kMm krn.

-sLONkI ieMglYNzIaf

 


pqf nhIN ikAuN srkfrF lokF dI luwt df ‘afnMd’ kursI `qy bYT ky mfxdIaF hn!

 

          afpxf Gr bnfAux vfsqy lok idn rfq imhnq mjLdUrI krdy hn qy jd zfAUn pymYNt jogy pYsy ho jFdy hn qF aOKy ho ky idEkwd mfrgyj dy shfry Gr dy mflk aKvfAuxXog ho jFdy hn. aslI mflk qF BfvyN agly 20-25 sfl, mfrgyj dyx vflI bYNk hI rihMdI hY pr iksLq qurI jfvy qF mflkI df nsLf krjLfeI mflk vI mfxdf rihMdf hY. iewh vwKrI gwl hY ik kuJ “BMg df gyVf” lf lYx vfly “swjx” aslI mflk vI jldI hI bx jFdy hn pr aYsy lokF dI igxqI bhuqI nhIN hY, crcf jLrUr bhuqI hY.

          GrF vfly jfxdy hn ik GrF dy Krcy mflk nMU arfm nfl sOx df mOkf Gwt hI idMdy hn. keI vfr qF mfrgyj hlkI krn leI do do jfbF krdy mfpy afpxy bwicaF qoN vI hwQ Duaf bYTdy hn. pqf Aus smyN lgdf hY jd bwcy gYNgf dy mYNbr bx ky koeI kfrf kr bYTdy hn jF nsLIlIaF zrwgjL vgYrf dy afdI bx ky corI aqy inkMmypn vrgIaF burfeIaF df isLkfr ho jFdy hn.

          mfrgyjL dI iksLq qoN ielfvf GrF aqy hor jfiedfdF dy ibjlI, gYs aqy pfxI vgYrf dy KricaF dy nfl nfl jo aglf vwzf Krcf huMdf hY Auh hY pRfprtI tYks, jo ik Aus sLihr nMU adf krnf pYNdf hY ijs ivwc Gr jF pRfprtI siQq huMdI hY. sLihrI srkfrF ijhnF nMU imAunspl kmytIaF vI kih ilaf jFdf hY ies pRfprtI tYks nfl sLihr dI sPLfeI, sVkF, puils, Pfier aqy skUlF dy Krcy krdI hY. jfiedfdF df pRfprtI tYks qYa krn vfsqy hr sLihr jF imAunspltI df afpxf afpxf PfrmUlf hY pr tYks dI imkdfr inrDfrq krn vfsqy sbMDq pRfprtI dI mfrkIt kImq qYa krnI huMdI hY. ieh kMm pihlF hr sLihrI srkfr afpxy ZMg nfl kiraf krdI sI pr hux bIqy keI sflF qoN ies kMm vfsqy srkfr ny EntyrIE sUby ivwc iewk “imAunspl pRfprtI asYsmYNt korporysLn” bxfeI hoeI hY. ieh kfrporysLn sUby dI hr imAunspltI nMU GrF aqy jfiedfdF dI mfrkIt kImq dwsdI hY ijs dy aDfr `qy sbMDq sLihrI srkfr jfiedfd dy mflk nMU tYks df ibwl ByjdI hY.

          ies “imAunspl pRfprtI asYsmYNt korporysLn” dy qrjLy-aml bfry iewk snsnIKyj rport bIqy hPLqy sUby dy aMbfzjLmYn aFdry mfirn ny jfrI kIqI hY. iksy kfrn ies mhwqpUrn rport nMU bhuqy sQfnk pMjfbI mIzIey ny njLraMdfjL hI krI rwiKaf hY. aMbfzjLmYn ny ies rport ivwc “imAunspl pRfprtI asYsmYNt korporysLn” dy qrjLy-aml nMU lMby hwQIN lYNidaF dosL lfieaf hY ik ieh sMsQf jo ik iewk srkfrI kfrporysLn hY afpxy afp nMU iewk pRfeIvyt adfry vFg clf rhI hY. aMbfzjLmYn ny rport ivwc ikhf hY ik ieh sMsQf GumMz df isLkfr ho cuwkI hY aqy lokF dI syvf dI QF lokF nMU afpxI qfkq ivKf rhI hY. kueInjLpfrk ivKy iewk ivsLysL pRYs kfnPrMs ivwc aMbfzjLmYn ny afiKaf ik sfzy kol iek aYsf pRbMD hY jo ik EntyrIE dy lokF dI srivs nhIN kr irhf. ies rport ivwc aMbfzjLmYn ny “imAunspl pRfprtI asYsmYNt korporysLn” df kMmkfj suDfrn vfsqy 22 isPLrsLF vI sUby dI srkfr nMU kIqIaF.

“imAunspl pRfprtI asYsmYNt korporysLn” hr sfl sUby dIaF 4[4 imlIan pRfptIaF dI asYsmYNt krdI hY Bfv mfrkIt kImq qYa krdI hY ijs dy aDfr `qy pRfprtI dy mflk tYks Brdy hn. aMbfzjLmYn ny ies kfrporysLn dy kMmkfj dI qPqIsL lokF vwloN hjLfrF sLkfieqF imlx qoN bfad sLurU kIqI sI. aMbfzjLmYn ny dosL lgfieaf hY ik kfrporysLn keI vfr jfiedfd dy mflkF qoN jfxkfrI CupfeI rwKdI hY aqy kMmkfjI pfrdrsLqf qoN swKxI hY. sUby dy pRImIar ny ies rport `qy jldI kfrvfeI krn df Brosf qF idwqf hY pr ajy qwk hoieaf kuJ nhIN hY. imAunspl srkfrF ies kfrporysLn dI kfrgujLfrI qoN nfKusL nhIN ho skdIaF ikAuNik GrF qy jfiedfdF dI AuWcI kImq imwQ ky ieh kfrporysLn AuhnF dIaF qjOrIaF zflrF nfl BrdI hY jy Gftf pYNdf hY qF Auh lokF nMU pYNdf hY. aMbfzjLmYn dI ies rport qoN bfad sUby ivwc kfPLI hlcl vyKx nMu imlI hY aqy lokF ny hjLrF dI igxqI ivwc srkfr nMU sLkfieqF kIqIaF hn. sUby dy KLjLfnf mMqrI ny iehnF sLkfieqF nMU iDafn ivwc rwKidaF pRfprtI asYsmYNt dI apIl jo ik 31 mfrc qoN pihlF pihlF kIqI jf skdI sI, dI afKrI qrIk hux vDf ky 30 jUn 2006 kr idwqI hY qF ik “imAunspl pRfprtI asYsmYNt korporysLn” dI qYa kIqI pRfprtI kImq dy iKlfPL apIl krn dy cfhvfnF nMU hor mOkf idwqf jf sky. pqf lwgf hY ik ies df lfB AuTfAuNidaF hjLfrF jfiedfd mflkF ny apIlF dfier krnIaF sLurU kr idwqIaF hn. sLONkI iksy vI iksm dI jfiedfd dy mflkF nMU gujLfirsL krgf ik Auh afpxI jfiedfd dI asYsmYNt dI icwTI jo AuhnF nMU imAunspl srkfr vwloN afeI hoeI hY df muafienf krn aqy jy qYa kIqI kImq AuhnF nMU bhuqI lwgy qF ies iKlfPL apIl dfier krn qF ik AuhnF nMU pRfprtI tYks ivwc kuJ rfhq iml sky.

          pRfprtI tYks dy mfmly `qy hr sLihrI srkfr qkrIbn hr sfl hI jfiedfd mflkF qoN dUhrI mfr mfrdI hY. pRfprtI dIaF kImqF vDx dy nfl hr pRfprtI df tYks qF afpxy afp hI vD jFdf hY  qy nfl hI hr sfl hr sLihr ivwc ho rhI nvIN kMstrksLn vI sLihrI srkfrF nMU nvF tYks bys muhweIaf krdI hY. imAunspl srkfrF ies nfl rwjdIaF nhIN hn aqy ies dy AuWqy hr sfl tYks ryt ivwc kuJ PIsdI df hor vfDf krdIaF hn. torFto mhFngrI dy afspfs pRfptI kImqF ivwc 30-40 % df vfDf bIqy kuJ sflF ivwc hoieaf hY ijs nfl pRfprtI tYks ivwc afpxy afp hI vfDf hoieaf hY. ies dy AuWqy hr sLihr jF rIjn ny tYks ryt ivwc vI vfDf kIqf hY ijs nfl GrF qy hor iksm dI pRfprtI dy mflkF `qy tYks df boJ hor viDaf hY.

          hux sUby ivwc imAunspl coxF df ibgul vwj cuwkf hY qy afey idn pMjfbIaF dI vwsoN vfly hlikaF ivwc sMBfvI AumIdvfr KuMbF vFg AuT rhy hn. cMgf hovy jy ieh AumIdvfr  sLihrI kMmkfj aqy tYks isstm bfry kuJ igafn hfsl krn aqy lokF df mfrg drsLn krn dy Xog bnx. hr hlky ivcoN iewko pMjfbI AumIdvfr KVf krn dI muihMm ivwZx vfly vI iewk nvF aqy njfiejL mslf KVf krn dI QF ajyhy ruJfn nMU AuqsLfhq krn ijs nfl lokF ivwc kMm krn vfly AumIdvfrF aqy afgUaF dI looV mihsUs hovy nf ik iksy Kfs BfeIcfry nfl sbMDq iksy Kfs rMg dy AumIdvfrF dI. jy gory jF kfly vI ajyhf PfrmUlf apxf lYx qF ies nfl smfj ivwc nslvfd nMU bVfvf imlygf jo sfzy iksy dy vI ihwq ivwc nhIN hovygf.

         

XUitltI kMpnIaF dI luwt:-

          XUitltI kMpnIaF aqy vwzIaF ajfrydfrIaF ny afpxy iksm dI luwt mcfeI hoeI hY ijs nMU srkfrF vyKdIaF hoeIaF vI aMnIaF hoeIaF bYTIaF hn. pMpF `qy qyl dIaF kImqF idn ivwc 5-5 vfr bdldIaF hn. amrIkf dy dwKxI smuMdrI iknfry vfvrolf af jfx dI mOsm ivBfg vwloN pysLngoeI vI ho jfvy qF 4000 iklo mItr dUr torFto ivwc ptrol dI kImq 10 sYNt iltr vD jFdI hY. svyr vyly ptrol dI kImq hor huMdI hY aqy sLfm nMU hor ho jFdI hY. keI vfr sVk dy ies pfr siQq ptrol pMp `qy kImq hor huMdI hY aqy Es pfr vfly pMp `qy hor huMdI hY. srkfrF cuwp hn pr luwt lokF dI hoeI jf rhI hY. qyl kMpnIaF dy sLyarj,L bjLfr ivwc idno idn mihMgy ho rhy hn aqy prfiPt vD rhy hn pr lokF dIaF jybF nMU Korf vI nfl hI vDdf jf irhf hY. qyl pYdf krn aqy amrIkf nMU hr rojL lwKF bYrl Qok dy Bfa qyl vycx vfly dysL dy afpxy lok qyl mihMgy Bfa KrId rhy hn.

          iewk prvfrk imwqr ny iewk idn sLONkI nMU afpxy Gr df ibjlI aqy gYs ibwl ivKfAuNidaF GoKvIN njLr iehnF dovF ibwlF `qy mrvfeI. vyK ky sLONkI nMU mihsUs hoieaf ik iks qrF lokF nMU XUitltI kMpnIaF vwloN ivMg-vlL pf ky Twigaf jf irhf hY. ies swjx dy 76 ku zflr dy ibjlI dy ibwl ivwc idwqy gey vyrvy hYrfn krn vfly sn. ibwl muqfibk swjx jI ny mhIny ivwc 643 iklovft ibjlI vrqI sI pr ibjlI kMpnI ny Aus nMU dws ky 666 iklovft ibjlI dI kImq vsUl kIqI sI. Kpqkfr vwloN vrqI geI ibjlI aqy ibwl kIqI geI ibjlI ivwc 23 iklovft df Prk sI, Bfv 23 iklovft vwD dI kImq vsUlI jf  rhI sI. hfeIzro (ibjlI) kMpnI ieh kfrf hr Kpqkfr dy ibwl nfl hr mhIny krdI hY aqy ies df kfrn Kpqkfr nMU idwqI geI ibjlI nfl splfeI dOrfn  “gfieb” hoeI ibjlI dI kImq vsUlI huMdf hY. ies ibwl ivwc ibjlI kMpnI ny 643 iklovft vrqI geI ibjlI vfsqy iewk Kfs PfrmUly rfhIN qYa kIqf hoieaf sI ik Kpqkfr nMU splfeI dOrfn 23 iklovft ibjlI gfieb hoeI hY ies leI Kpqkfr 666 iklovft dI kImq adf krn df dyxdfr hY. ies qrF 666 iklovft dI kImq $33[30 bxdI hY pr ibwl 76 zflr dy krIb sI. ies ivwc 7% jI[ aYs[ tI[ (tYks) dy nfl nfl pMj ku zflr “rYgUltrI cfrjjL” dy nfm hyT lgfey hoey sn. iewQy hI bws nhIN pMj ku zflr hor “zYt rItfiermYNt cfrjjL” dy nfm `qy lgfey hoey sn. ijMnf iksy df ibjlI df Krcf vwD huMdf hY Enf hI vwD ieh “zYt rItfiermYNt cfrjjL” ho jFdy hn.

          ieh ibjlI ivBfg isr ciVHaf hoieaf krjLf adf krn vfsqy lfieaf hoieaf “tYks” hY jo ibjlI dy Kpqkfr ny nhIN cfHiVaf sgoN ibjlI ivBfg dI GtIaf rihnumfeI krn vfly pRbMDkI toly aqy srkfr ny cfiVHaf hoieaf hY pr adf ieh Kpqkfr nMU krnf pY irhf hY. awj vI ibjlI kMpnIaF dy vwzy pRbMDk slfnf lwKF zflr qnKfh lYNdy hn pr hoieaf nuksfn jF Gftf lokF qoN vsUilaf jFdf hY. motI qnKfh cMgy pRbMDF vfsqy qF idwqI jfxI cfhIdI hY pr krjLf cfhVHn vfsqy nhIN idwqI jfxI cfhIdI. ibjlI ivBfg isr cVHy krjLy df iewk kfrn hor vI hY jo sLONkI bhuq zrdf hoieaf nrm lPLjLF ivwc ibafn krnf cfhuMdf hY aqy Auh hY XUnIanvfd jo kfimaF nMU Gwt kMm vfsqy motIaF qnKfhF dyx dI grMtI krdf hY. sLONkI nMU zr hY ik ies nfl pMjfb dy ibjlI ivBfg nMU keI sfl jokF vFg lwgy rhy kuJ sQfnk swjx ikqy guwsf hI nf Kf jfx.

          iewQy hI bws nhIN  swjx jI dy ies 76 ku zflr dy ibjlI ibwl ivwc iewk hor motf Krcf “zilvrI” dy tfeItl hyT idwqf hoieaf sI jo ik 33[30 zflr df sI. Bfv  Kpqkfr nMU ibjlI splfeI krn vfsqy ibjlI kMpnI df hr mhIny 33[30 zflr Krcf afieaf hY aqy ieh Krcf iPksz nhIN hY jy ibjlI ibwl vDy qF ieh Krcf vI vD jFdf hY. koeI ibjlI kMpnI nMU puwCx vflf hovy ik kI lok (Kpqkfr) vrqx vfsqy ibjlI ‘buwk’ ivwc lYx leI afieaf krn? Gr dy mItr qwk phuMcfeI geI ibjlI df iewko mwd hyT qYa kIqf hoieaf ryt ikAuN nhIN hY? lokF nMU lwCydfr tfeItl lgf ik luwitaf ikAuN jf irhf hY aqy srkfrF cuwp ikAuN hn?

          hux vfrI afeI swjx jI dy gYs ibwl dI ijs nfl Gr df pfxI grm huMdf hY aqy hIt isstm cldf hY. ieh ibwl vwzf vI sI qy sI vI hYrfnI Biraf. svf ku iqMn sO dy ibwl ivcoN 20 ku zflr hft-vftr hItr (pfxI grm krn vflf hItr) dy ikrfey dy sn aqy 22 ku jI[ aYs[ tI[ dyy sn. gYs df aslI ibl qF isrPL 2 sO qy kuJ zflr hI sI bfkI “kstmr cfrj” hyT 11[25 zflr pfey hoey sn. ies ibwl ivwc vI hYrfnkun Krcf jo ik 74 zflr df sI, “zilvrI cfrjjL” dy nfm hyT pfieaf hoieaf sI. Bfv gYs kMpnI ny Kpqkfr nMU gYs splfeI krn vfsqy 74 zflr cfrj kIqy sn. kI gYs kMpnI gYs dy XUint dI iewk kImq nhIN dws skdI ijs ivwc ieh sfry Krcy pihlF hI sLfml hox?  ies ihsfb nfl kI kdy ieh vI ho jfvygf ik grosrI stor vfly gobI df Puwl qF 99 sYNt df lgf dyx `qy jd kstmr goBI lY ky kFAutr `qy pYsy dyx puwjy qF ibwl 2 zflr df hovy ijs ivwc 99 sYNt “zilvrI cfrjjL” dy hox. qy iehI kuJ duwD aqy hor aft-dfxy dIaF kImqF nfl hovy.

          pqf nhIN ikAuN srkfrF lokF dI luwt df ‘afnMd’ kursI `qy bYT ky mfxdIaF hn, sLONkI nMU ieh soc ky hYrfnI huMdI hY!

nvyN Gr KrIdx vfly qy jI[aYs[tI[

          GrF dIaF kImqF bhuq vD geIaF hn aqy nvyN GrF dI kImq ivwc 7% jI[aYs[tI[ huMdf hY. nvIN hfrpr srkfr ny jI[aYs[tI[ 7% qoN Gtf ky 6% krn df pRsqfv rwiKaf hY ijs dy pfs ho jfx dI afs bxI hoeI hY. afm nvF Gr hux 4 qoN 5 lwK df imldf hY aqy jI[aYs[tI[ dy 1% Gt jfx nfl lokF nMU 4 qoN 5 hjLfr zflr pRqI Gr df lfB ho skdf hY.  bhuqI vfr nvF Gr KrIdx vfly jy awj zIl `qy dsqKq krdy hn  qF nvF Gr 6 mhIny jF sfl qwk bx ky iqafr huMdf hY aqy qwd hI ies dI kloijLMg huMdI hY qy mflk nMU cfbIaF imldIaF hn. iblzr nfl zIl ho jfx mOky hI afKrI kImq qYa ho jFdI hY aqy jI[aYs[tI[ ies ivwc sLfml huMdf hY. hux svfl pYdf huMdf hY ik jy nvIN srkfr df jI[aYs[tI[ df pRsqfv pfs ho jFdf hY aqy afs muqfibk pihlI julfeI qoN jI[aYs[tI[ dI dr 7 qoN 6% ho jFdI hY qF ies qrIk qoN bafd kloijLMg krvfAux vfly lok 7% tYks ikAuN adf krn? sLONkI nvyN Gr KrIdx vfilaF nMU slfh dyvygf ik Auh ieh svfl hux zIl krn smyN iblzr nMU krn aqy afpxy vkIl dI vI slfh lYx. ies nfl nvyN Pirj-stov jogy zflr bcfAux dI sMBfnvf bx skdI hY.

-sLONkI ieMglYNzIaf

 


 

svf sO kroVI abfdI vfly Bfrq `c 10 lwK rupey slfnf qoN vwD afmdn vfly isrPL 80 hjLfr lok hI hn!!

 

          jo lok Bfrq df gyVf mfr ky afAuNdy hn Auh aksr dwsdy hn ik AuWQy afm lokF ivwc grIbI dy bfvjUd amIrF dI iewk aYsI vwzI jmfq pYdf ho cuwkI hY ijs nMU pYsy dI koeI prvfh hI nhIN hY. vwzIaF vwzIaF bhu-kroVI koTIaF dI hux Bfrq dy keI sLihrF ivwv Brmfr hY qy sVkF mihMgIaF ivdysLI kfrF nfl BrIaF peIaF hn. AuWQy amIr lokF df rihx sihx vyKo qF ieMJ lgdf hY ik ies iksm dy amIr sLfied ivdysLF ivwc vI nf hox.

          amrIkf dy rfsLtrpqI sRI jfrj buwsL huxy Bfrq df gyVf mfr ky afey hn aqy AuhnF vI Bfrq ivwc ho rhI qrwkI df ijLkr kridaF ivsLsL qOr `qy Bfrq dI vwd rhI “imzl klfs” df ijLkr kIqf sI. buwsL muqfibk Bfrq ivwc ies smyN 300 imlIan lok (30 kroV) imzl klfs ivwc afAuNdy hn jo ik amrIkf dI kuwl abfdI qoN vI vwD bxdf hY. ieh 300 imlIan Auh lok hn jo nvIn shUlqF mfnx dy Xog hn ijhnF nMU afey idn nvIaF kfrF, vDIaf Gr, vDIaf kwpVy, sYr-spftf aqy mihMgy Bfa dy Pirj-stov qy Gr df hor sfjLo-smfn cfhIdf hY. sRI buwsL muqfibk Bfrq hux “lgjLrI’ vsqUaF dI Kpq dI iewk vwzI mMzI bx igaf hY qy qyjLI nfl hor awgy vD irhf hY. amrIkf aqy hor pwCmI dysL ies df lfB AuTfAux vfsqy Bfrq nfl vDIaf sbMD bxf rhy hn qF ik vpfr krn ivwc asfnI rhy.

          Bfrq dI awj dI srkfr vI vDIaf afriQkqf dI gwl kr rhI hY qy qfkqoN bfhr hoeI Bfjpf srkfr df qF nfhr hI “ieMzIaf sLfeIinMg” sI. Bfrq cmk qF irhf hY pr mMno BfvyN nf mMno svf ku sO kroV dy krIb abfdI vfly Bfrq ivwc ies smyN slfnf 10 lwK rupey dI afmdn jF vwD afmdn vfly isrP 80 hjLfr jIv hI hn.

          ieh Byd bIqy hPLqy lok sBf ivwc bjt `qy bihs smyN Aus smyN Kuwlf jd kFgrsI sFsd sRI jnfrdn pujfrI ny KLjLfnf mMqrI nMU ies bfry iewk svfl kr idwqf. Krcf ibwl `qy bihs dOrfn ies svfl df jvfb idMidaF sRI KLjLfnf mMqrI sRI icdMbrm ny kFgrsI sFsd sRI jnfrdn pujfrI vwloN pRgtfeI icMqf nfl sihmq huMidaF ikhf ik Auh mulk ivc 10 lwK qoN Aupr dI afmdn vfly kyvl 80,000 lokF dy hI hox dI jfxkfrI qoN KusL nhIN hn. AunHF ikhf ik 10 lwK dI afmdn vfly ieMny lok qF kyvl dwKxI idwlI `c hI mOjUd hn.

          sRI icMdfbrm ny hor ikhf ik ieQoN qwk ik kyvl cMzIgVH jF jlMDr vrgy sLihrF ivc hI eynI afmdn vfly lokF dI vwzI igxqI mOjUd hY. KLjLfnf mMqrI ny ikhf ik AunHF ny bYNkF nUM hdfieqF kIqIaF hn ik vwzI igxqI `c pYsy jF lYx dyx krn vfly lokF dy nfvF dI sUcI pysL kIqI jfvy. srkfr ny aijhy lokF dI pCfx leI 7 vsqF dI jfxkfrI vfly PfrmF nUM BrnN nfl vI iek srvy sLurU kIqf hY. AunHF ikhf ik kuJ lokF ny ieh sUcnf Pfrm Bry hn, ijnHF ny nhIN Bry, AunHF iKlfP sKq kfnUMnI kfrvfeI kIqI jfvygI.

          srkfrI afmdn tYks bcfAux vfsqy QoVHf bhuq JUT qF hr dysL dy amIr lok hI boldy hoxgy pr ijs qrF Bfrq dy bhuqy amIr lok “lUx-guMnx” ivwc kfmXfb ho rhy hn ies dI imsfl hor ikiqAuN imlxI musLkl jfpdI hY. slfnf 10 lwK dI afmdn df mqlb hY qkrIbn hr mhIny 90 ku hjLfr rupey dI afmdn, qy bhuqy amIrf dy imafr muqfibk eynI afmdn vfly qF iewt pwitaF inklxy cfhIdy hn. ies df mqlb hY ik jnfb buwsL aqy horF dy aMdfjLy vflI 300 imlIan igxqI dI “imzl klfs” ivwc 10 lwK qoN vwD  dI afmdn vfly qF bhuq Gwt hn.

          jy Bfrq ivwc  mrsyzIjL, bI aYm zbXU vrgIaF ajyhIaF mihMgIaF kfrF dI igxqI hI kr leI jfvy jo 20-20 lwK qoN vwD dI kIMq dIaF hn qF keI bhu-kroVpqIaF df BFzf Put jfvygf jo srkfrI kfgjLF ivwc 10 lwKIey aKvfAux qoN vI pfsf vwtI bYTy hn.  dysL dy aMqr rfsLtrI hvfeI awizaF `qy ivdysL twbrF smyq mihMgIaF CuwtIaF kwt ky qy mihMgI sLfipMg kr ky prqx vfly amIrF dI sfrf sfl igxqI kr leI jfvy qF ieh qF ieh 80 hjLfr df keI guxf inklygI.

          awj Bfrq df sLfied hI koeI AuWc isvl jF puils aiDkfrI bicaf hovygf jo hr sfl ivdysL dy gyVy nf mfrdf hovygf qy ijs kol kroV qoN vwD dI koTI nhIN hovygI. sLfied hI koeI isafsqdfn hovygf ijs ny luwt df mfl ivdysLF nMU nf Zoieaf hovygf. koeI idn sI jd Bfrq dy amIr luwt df DMn CupfAux sivtjLrlYNz jfieaf krdy sn pr hux qF AuhnF vfsqy sfr pwCmI dysL hI sivtjLrlYz bx gey hn.

          slfnf 10 lwK qF CotI ijhI gwl hY Bfrq ivwc qF hr hPLqy 10 lwK dI irsLvq lYx vfilaF dI igxqI vI 80 hjLfr qoN vwD hovygI qy hr mIhIny 10 lwK irsLvq lYx vfilaF dI igxqI qF keI lwKF ivwc hovygI. pr irsLvq sLfied afmdn ivwc igxI jfxI sMBv hI nf hovy ies leI tYks PfrmF `qy irsLqvqKor isrPL qnKfh df vyrvf dy ky swc puwq bxdy hoxgy. srkfr ny amIrF dI pCfx vfsqy ijhnF 7 vsqUaF dI jfxkfrI mMgI hY AuhnF ivwc irsLvq vI sLfml hoxI cfhIdI hY.

-sLONkI ieMglYNzIaf

 


“mMgqy” mIzIafkfr! -sLONkI ieMglYNzIaf

          torFto ivwc pMjfbI mIzIey dy rfm-rOly dI bhuqfq hox kfrn pMjfbI mIzIey aqy mIzIafkfrF bfry rMg-brMgI crcf vI aksr hI huMdI rihMdI hY. hor vpfrk adfiraF vFg mIzIey nMU vI afpxI msLhUrI vfsqy qrF qrF dy pfpV vylxy pYNdy hn. ies kMm vfsqy jy Dfrimk kwtVqf kMm afAuNdI hovy qF keI ies nMU ‘ibwl borz’ bxf ky vrq lYNdy hn qy jy smfj syvk df burkf pihnxf pvy qF ies nMU vI vrq ilaf jFdf hY.

          “sfnMU Plfxy mfmly bfry sYNkVy Pon kflF afeIaF hn”, ieh tirk sLONkI df asqr imwqr pwqrkfr aksr vriqaf krdf sI aqy vihmF-BrmF iKlfPL muihMm ivZx dy nfm `qy smfj suDfrk df burkf AuVn vfsqy afpy tUxy krvfAux, afpy qoVn aqy afpy ies dIaF KLbrF lgvfAux df kfrgr hiQafr vI Esy dI hI kfZ sI. ies nfl lok bhuq asfnI nfl Brmfey jf skdy sn qy hn. hux vI gfhy-ivgfhy loV pYx `qy kuJ mIzIafkfr ies bRm-asqr nMU vrq lYNdy hn.

          bcpn ivwc skUl ivwc pVHidaF sLONkI ny dMdF dy iewk nvyN bxy zfktr bfry iewk imMnI khfxI pVHI sI. ies khfxI df muwK ihwsf sLONkI nMU ajy vI Xfd hY aqy torFto dy kuJ mIzIafkfrF df cirqr ies imMnI khfxI dI Xfd qfjLf krvfAuNdf rihMdf hY. khfxI kuJ ies qrF sI ik pMjfb ivwc Es jLmfny ivwc koeI ivcfrf dMdF dy zfktr  dI  izgrI kr bYTdf hY jd lokF nMU ies gwl df vI bhuqf igafn nhIN sI huMdf ik dMdF df vI koeI zfktr huMdf hY. aqy iksmq dy mfry ny afpxf kilink vI iksy pyNzU ijhy ksby ivwc Kohl ilaf.  hux pMjfb dy iksy ipMz jF ksby ivwc 50 sfl pihlF dMdF dy zfktr kol kOx afvy? ivcfrf sfrf idn kursI `qy bYTf mrIjLF dI AuzIk ivwc JUrdf ieh socdf rhy ik jy ikqy Auh awKF df zfktr bx igaf huMdf qF awj Aus dy kilink ivwc hrIaF pwtIaF vfilaF dI BIV hoxI sI. aqy jy ikqy iksmq nfl zfktrI dI izgrI kr lYNdf qF qpidk, mlyrIaf, cyck qy hor rogF dy drjnF mrIjLF dy inwq pYnsiln dy tIky Tok ky jyb grm kr ilaf krdf.

          iksmq dy mfry dMdF dy zfktr ny dUr dy mrIjL iKwcx aqy afpxf dbdbf bnfAux vfsqy kilink ivwc tYlIPon lgvfAux leI dOVBwj kIqI. Aus nMU afs sI ik tYlIPon lwgvfAux nfl lokF nMU pqf lwg jfvygf ik Auh bhuq kMm df zfktr hY qy hOlI sihjy dMdF dy mrIjL kilink vwl muhfrF kr lYxgy. isPLfrsL nfl tYlIPon df nMbr lY ilaf, PIs jmF krvf idwqI, tYlIPon df sYWt vI tybl `qy sjLf ilaf aqy tYlIPon ivBfg vfly muwK tYlIPon lfeIn qoN KMby gwz ky qfr vI ltkf gey pr kunYksLn joVn vfly mhInf zyZ mhInf nf bhuVy.

          duKI hoey zfktr ny lokF nMU BrmfAux vfsqy tYlIPon df zrfmf krnf sLurU kr idwqf. jd kdy koeI Aus dy kilink dI kMD dy njLdIk  jF aMdr afvy qF zfktr afpxy sfhmxy pey tybl `qy ibnF kunYksLn vfly “Poky” Pon df rsIvr cuwk ky “hYlo[[[hYlo[[[ TIk aY[[TIk aY[[[quhfzy dMd pUry TIk ho jfxgy, iPkr nf kro[[[ mYN qF ies qoN vI bury kys TIk kr idwqy hn jnfb [[[ myry TIk kIqy keI 70-70 sfl dy bjLurg hux mwkI dy dfxy cwbdy qy gMny cUpdy hn jnfb.” afpxy ibnF kunYksLn  vfly Poky Pon `qy zfktr ievyN hvfeI gwlF kry ijvyN swcmuwc hI iksy mrIjL nfl dMd TIk krn vfsqy gwlF kr irhf hovy.

          hmysLf vFg iewk idn kilink aMdr iksy dy vVHn dI ibVk afANudy sfr hI dMdF dy zfktr ny Poky Pon df rsIvr cuwk ky “hYlo [[[ hYlo [[[ TIk aY [[[ TIk aY [[[ swB TIk kr idaFgf [[ ajy kwl hI izptI kimsLnr sfihb dy dMd lgfey hn [[[ puils kpqfn sfihb awj af rhy hn [[[Auh vI izptI kimsLnr sfihb  dy myry lgvfey dMd vyK ky iswDy myry kol af rhy hn [[[ hF hF [[ TIk aY.”

          afpxy gl ivwc KfkI rMg df borI df bixaF hoieaf Jolf pf ky kilink aMdr viVHaf ivakqI bhuq bycYnI nfl zfktr sfihb dI awK ivwc awK pf ky afpxI sunfAux dI AuzIk ivwc sI.  zfktr sfihb afpxy Poky Pon `qy cwl rhI gwlbfq nMU vDfAux vfsqy lwsI ivwc hor pfxI pfeI jf rhy sn. ies dy nfl Auh AuzIk rhy sMBfvI mrIjL sfhmxy afpxy pUry nMbr bnfAux vfsqy ies PrjI gwlbfq ivwc vwzy vwzy lokF dy nfm leI jf rhy sn.

          “jI [[mY dwisaf nf dMdF dy mfmly ivwc myry brfbr dI izgrI vflf zfktr ies sfry  ijLly ivwc nhIN hY [[[ suxo jI bIqy hPLqy jd mYN cMzIgVH igaf qF muwK mMqrI sfihb ny pqf lwgx `qy mYnMU lMc vfsqy afpxy Gr bulfieaf.”       zfktr dI Poky Pon `qy gwl muwkdI nf vyK ky KfkI Joly vfly ivakqI ny hOslf kr ky ikhf, “zfktr sfihb myrI suxo mYN jLrf kfhlI ivwc hF.” Poky Pon dy rsIvr `qy hwQ rwK ky, afpxIaF  iKsk ky nwk `qy aeIaF aYnkF dy Aupr dI Jfkdf hoieaf zfktr guwsy ivwc boilaf, “kfhlI kfs dI hY Eey qYnMU [[[ vyKdf nhIN mYN tYlIPon `qy kimsLnr sfihb nfl jLrUrI gwl kr irhf hF?”

          “zfktr sfihb mYN qF afp jI dy tYlIPon df kunYksLn lgvfAux leI tYlIPon ivBfg vwloN afieaf hF, mYN [[mYN mrIjL nhIN hF jnfb” , KfkI Joly vflf ivakqI sihj nfl boilaf qy suxdy sfr hI dMdF dy zfktr dy pYrF hyToN jLmIn iKsk geI qy Pon df rsIvr Aus dy hwQoN Cuwt igaf.

          awj jd sLONkI iksy ryzIE host dy mUMhoN ieh suxdf hY ik quhfzy bhuq Pon af rhy hn [[[ Plfxy df Pon afieaf hY Plfxy df vI afieaf [[[ qusIN pRogrfm bhuq psMd kr rhy ho aqy iPr gIq lgf ky mfeIk vI afn hI rwiKaf jFdf hY qy DImI avfjL ivwc gIq dI bYk-grfAuNz ivwc hYlo [[ hYlo [[[ TIk aY [[[ bhuq ibjLI hF [[[ ipwCoN Pon kirE [[[ nhIN jI awj hor aYzF PIz nhIN kr skdy, iewq afid suxdf hY qF dMdF dy zfktr dI bcpn ivwc pVHI khfxI Xfd af jFdI hY.

          sLONkI ny suixaF hY ik  keI mIzIafkfrF ny qF ies kMm vfsqy afpxI pUrI pltn KVI kIqI hoeI hY ijhnF nMU hr rojL ryzIE pRogrfm qoN pihlF dws idwqf jFdf hY ik AuhnF stUzIE ivwc Pon kr ky iks tfipk `qy kI kihxf hY.  ies qrF pRogrfm dI rUpryKf qF qYa kr leI jFdI hY pr sunx vfly socy hn ik swB kuJ nflo nfl vfpr irhf hY. 8 -10 Pon afpixaF qoN koicMg kr ky krvf ley jFdy hn qy 8 - 10 hor sDfrn lokF dy af jFdy hn ijs nfl pRogrfm bhuq lok suxdy hn df dfavf krn df aDfr bx jFdf hY. sDfrn kflrF ivcoN isrPL Aus nMU hI afn-eyar kIqf jFdf hY jo host dy psMd dI gwl krdf hovy nhIN qF skrIn kr ky byloVf kflr JfV idwqf jFdf hY.

          hPLqfaMq `qy sLONkI nMU iewk smfgm ivwc jfx df mOkf imilaf ijs ivwc hfl dy kony vfly tybl `qy bYTy kuJ swjx torFto dy pMjfbI mIzIey dIaF KwtIaF imwTIaF krn lwg pey. iewk swjx aYsy mIzIafkfr dI CyV leI ijs `qy keIaF df hjLfrF zflr zkfr jfx df ieljLfm aksr hI lgdf hY. iewk hor ny hYlp-lfeInF aqy hYlp-PMzF bfry lokF dy KdisLaF df ijLkr kIqf pr sLONkI leI ieh swB purfxIaF gwlF sn.

          iewk swjx ny iewk afn-sfeIt hoey ryzIE pRogrfm dI gwl CyV leI. swjx jI df kihxf sI iewk sLnIvfr nMU Aus ny jd kfr ivwc iewk ryzIE pRogrfm lgfieaf qF iksy PrnIcr stor qoN iswDf lfeIv afn-sfeIt pRogrfm ho irhf sI. host muqfibk ies PrnIcr sotr `qy bhuq vwzI syl lwgI hoeI sI ijs ivwc stfk nMU klIar krn vfsqy kImqF 70% Gtf idwqIaF geIaF sn qy gfhkF dIaF lfeInF lg rhIaF sn. host df kihxf sI ik afpxI psMd df ssqf PrnIcr qy psMd df rMg lYx vfsqy qurMq phuMc jfE ikAuNik ‘PLst km Pst srv’ dy aDfr `qy swB kuJ jf irhf hY, stfk ilimtz hY qy zilvrI vI awj muPLq kIqI jf rhI hY. sux ky swjx jI ny afpxI kfr ies PrnIcr stor vwl moV leI jd aMdr viVHaf qF kul cfr gfhk vyar hAUs ivwc qury iPrdy sn aqy pMjvF Auh afp sI. iPr qur ky vyiKaf qF 70% Cot vflI koeI gwl nhIN sI qy ieh nfm dI hI klIarYNs syl sI kImqF hor PrnIcr storF vrgIaF hI sn. PrnIcr stor dy dPLqr dy iewk kony ivwc ies ryzIE pRogrfm df numfieMdf sYwl Pon kMn nMU lfeI KVf sI ijs rfhIN Auh stysLn nMU ies “BfrI syl qy gfhkF dI BfrI BIV” dI lfeIv PIz dy irhf sI.

          swjx jI vyar hfAUs df gyVf lgf ky jd KflI hwQ ibnF kuJ KrIidaF bfhr inkly qF  aMdr AuhnF qoN pihlF vVHy cfr gfhk hI bcdy sn pr jd kfr stfrt kIqI qF Esy ryzIE `qy syl dI lfeIv PIz muqfibk gfhkF dIaF lfeInF lwg geIaF sn qy keI gfhk syl `qy lgIaF 20-20 zflr dIaF aflIsLfn sInrIaF DVfDV KrId rhy sn ijhnF dI bfjLfr ivwc kImq 100 zflr qoN vwD sI.

          ies swjx dI gwl ajy muwkI hI sI ik dUjy ny iewk hor afn-sfeIt pRogrfm bfry afpxI hwz bIqI sunfAuxI sLurU kr idwqI.  ieh afn-sfeIt  pRogrfm iksy kfr zIlrisLp `qy lwgI Kfs syl dI msLhUrI vfsqy kIqf igaf sI. host lfeIv pRogrfm `qy qrF qrF dIaF lgjLrI kfrF dy nfm lY lY ky AuhnF dI ivsLysL syl kImq aqy aslI kImq dws irhf sI qy nfl sroiqaF nMU ies syl ivwc hr kfr dI krId kImq `qy 5 qoN 10 hjLfr zflr qwk bcfAux dI qfgId kr irhf sI. host ieh vI dws irhf sI ik awj hr gfhk nMU iewk sfl ibnF ivafjL dy krjLy df pRbMD vI ibnF iksy PIs qoN kr ky idwqf jf irhf hY aqy gfhkF vfsqy grm grm lfcIaF vflI cfh qy miTafeI df vI pRbMD hY. host zIlrisLp aMdr vHV rhy iksy gfhk dI nfl afeI Drm pqnI dy sUt df rMg vI dwsI jf irhf sI qF ik sunx vfly Aus df pUrf XkIn krn. ies swjx jI df kihxf sI ik jd Auh ies zIlrisLp aMdr vVHy qF AuWQy BIV vflI koeI cIjL nhIN sI grm cfh dI BrI iktl, Pom dy kwp, kuJ zont aqy lwzU jLrUr pey sn qy lfeIv afn sfeIt pRogrfm kr irhf host kflIaF aYnkF lgf ky iewk KUMjy KVf “gfhkF dI BIV” dI duhfeI jLrUr dyeI jf irhf sI. ies swjx jI dy awgy mfeIk kr ky host jI ny Jwt svfl kr idwqf sI ik iks iksm dI kfr KrIdogy? ies svfl nMU swjx jI ny host jI pihlF vyK qF leIey kih ky tfl idwqf sI.

          jd host jI ny iewk hor gfhk nMU iesLfrf kr ky mfeIk vwl bulfieaf qF nyVy af ky mfeIk qoN pfsy ho ky ies ny sihj nfl host nMU ikhf ik Auh qF mfeIk `qy pMj ku imMt pihlF bol cwukf hY aqy nfly Auh gfhk nhIN hY Auh qF mflkF df imwqr hI hY qy iPrn qurn hI afieaf hY. host jI ny ibnF iJjk ies swjx nMU afK idwqf ik Auh qF Gr df afdmI hY qy nfly pihlF ikhVf mfeIk `qy sroiqaF nMU Aus df nfm dwisaf igaf sI ies leI swB TIk hY. hwQ ivwc PVy mfeIk nMU aMgUTy dI dfb nfl afn kr ky host jI ny ies “gfhk” nfl lfeIv gwl sLurU kridaF ikhf, hux sfzy sfhmxy Plfxf isMG hn qy AuhnF dI KUbsUrq pqnI ijhnF ny qoqy rMgf kZfeI vflf slvfr sUt pihinaF hoieaf hY sfzy sfhmxy hn qy afE iehnF nfl do gwlF krdy hF. hF Plfxf isMG jI iks iksm dI kfr afp jI dI srkfr awj psMd krygI? cusqI vrqdy hoey Poky gfhk ny ikhf vyKo host jI myrI srkfr qF aOh sfhmxy KloqI PlfxI lgjLrI kfr ivwc jf vVHI hY qy lgdf hY awj mYnMU krjfeI kr ky hI jfvygI.

          swjx jI ny dwisaf nf qF Auh swjx gfhk sI, nf AuhnF dI GrvflI nfl sI, nf AuWQy koeI qoqy rMgy slvfr-sUt vflI sI aqy nf koeI srkfr iksy lgjLrI kfr `c vVHI, bws swB kuJ afnsfeIt lfeIv pRogrfm krn vfly host dy jLrKyj idmfg dI hI Aupj sI qy ies qrF dI cutklybfjLI AuhnF pUry do GMty kIqI sI.

          iewk hor swjx ny dwisaf ik ikvyN  Aus df iewk  vpfrI imwqr afpxy stor dI EpinMg mOky iewk ajyhy lfeIv afnsfeIt vfly host nMU swd bYTf sI aqy host ny agly idn do GMty dy pRogrfm df 2400 zflr jmF 7% tYks df ibwl Byj idwqf sI jd ik ies sfry do GMty dy pRogrfm ivwc ieh host afpxy 50-60 hor spFsrF dIaF aYzF vI rwj ky vjfAuNdf irhf sI. jd vpfrI swjx ny moty ibwl dI sLkfieq kIqI qF host jI ny mlkVy ijhy ieh afK idwqf ik Aus ny vI rotI  KfxI hY qy nfly vpfrk adfry kol bhuQyrI mfieaf hY. Twgy gey mihsUs krdy vpfrI nMU ieqrfjL sI ik host ny stysLn nMU qF do GMty df kul 600 zflr idwqf hY qy 50-60 hor aYzF vI vjf leIaF hn aqy Aus nMu iPr vI eyzf vwzf tIkf lgfieaf jf irhf hY pr ies df host `qy koeI asr nhIN sI hoieaf `qy Auh vpfrI df guwgf gf ky pUrf cYWk lY ky hI ihilaf sI.

          mOky `qy hfjLr iewk swjx jo kdy iewk mkfr igxy jFdy mIzIafkfr df njLdIkI irhf sI ny dwisaf ik ikvyN ieh mIzIafkfr vpfrIaF nMU keI keI sO zflr dy tIky iesLiqhfrF dy nfl nfl hor lgf jFdf hY. ijs vpfrk adfry ivwc vVHdf hY kuJ nf kuJ jyb ivwc jF pyt ivwc pf ky jLrUr inkldf  hY ijs kfrn Aus df pyt bhuq Bfrf ho cwukf hY. koisLsL qF hmysLf Joly Br ky lY jfx dI krdf hY pr jy gwl nf bxy qF pyt qF jLrUr Br lYNdf hY. jy pyt pihlF hI pihly vpfrI qoN muPLq Brvf ilaf hovy qF Kfx-pIx vfsqy muPLq dI mwCI jF ickn-itwkf nfl bMnvf ky lY jFdf hY. jy iksy ptrol pMp `qy clf jfvy qF gYs muPLq, jy kwpVy dy vpfrI kol clf jfvy qF 5-7 sUt sfVHIaF muPLq, jy iksy PrnIcr stor `qy clf jfvy qF tybl jF zYkorysLn df koeI pIs jF kuwqf-ibwlf muPLq, klIarYNs stor qoN kMbl aqy kfrpYt muPLq, rYstorYNt qoN Kfxf muPLq, bfr qoN sLrfb muPLq qy grosrI stor qoN aftf, cfvl, KMz dI borI, duwD qy hor vsUaF muPLq. swjx jI ny dwisaf ik iewk idn ieh mIzIafkfr Aus nMU qy iewk ClfrU nMU nfl lY ky iewk grosrI stor vfilaF nMU lMGdf lMGdf hYlo afKx jf viVHaf. hYlo-sLYlo krdy krdy ny nvyN afey afty dI iek borI cwuk leI qy mYnMU pMjfb qoN nvIN afeI KMz dI 50 pONz dI borI cuwkx nMU afK idwqf, nfl ilaFdy ClfrU nMU duwD dy pMj bYg qy lgdy hwQ btr dI pytI cwuk lYx leI afK idwqf. kridaF krvfAuNidaF zyZ sO dI grosrI sfzy moiZaF `qy cukvf ky stor vfilaF nMU “bfey bfey aYz lf idaFgf [[[ sI XU [[ sI XU [[[ bfey” afKdf hoieaf bfhr inkl afieaf.

          mIzIey nfl sbMDq hox kfrn sLONkI nMU jfipaf ik ieh swB kuJ Aus dy sIny ivwc dI jfxbuwJ  ky kwiZaf jf irhf hY. sLONkI iehnF swjxf dI mMzlI qoN ipwCf CuzfAux dI qrkIb soc hI irhf sI ik ipwCoN sLONkx ny af ky “afE jI hux cwlIey rfq dy 10 vwj gey ny qy svyry PlfixaF dy Gr afKMz pfT dy Bog `qy vI jfxY.” sLONkI sfry swjxF qoN muafPLI mMgdf hoieaf AuT Kloqf ajy hwQ joV ky sfs[[rI[[kfl hI afKI sI ik iewk swjx ny clfvF svfl kridaF puiCaf, “sLOkI jI ieh qF dws jfAu ik aYsy cMdry mIzIafkfrF nMU  hux ‘mMgqy’ mIzIafkfr nf afiKaf krIey?”

          sLONkI ieh svfl sux ky inr-AuWqr ho igaf qy kfhlI nfl qurI jFdI sLONkx nfl jf rilaf. hfl `coN bfhr inkldf sLONkI soc irhf sI ik afpxI msLhUrI vfsqy “dMdF dy zfktr” vflf zrfmf krnf jfiej Gyry ivwc afAuNdf hY qy gfhkF dI BIV dIaF PokIaF anfAuNsmYNtF vI TIk-Tfk hI hn pr hr vpfrk adfry qoN hr vfr bysLrmI nfl jybF, pyt qy Joly Br ky hI bfhr inklxf “iBKfrI” bnx dy quwl hI smiJaf jfxf cfhIdf hY. hux jy vpfrI lok aYsy mIzIafkfrF nMU “mMgqy mIzIafkfr” afKx lwg jfx qF ies ivwc gLLlq vI kI hovygf?

-sLONkI ieMglYNzIaf

 


dysI qy ivdysLI vwKvfdI kMD `qy iliKaf pVHn!

 

 

          Bfrq ivwc jI[ tI[ vI[ vwloN ivKfey gey iewk pRogrfm dI bIqy 10-12 idnF qoN BfrI crcf hoeI hY. “dysL-Droh” nfm hyT tYlIkfst kIqy gey ies pRogrfm ivwc jI[ tI[ vI[ ny pMjfb aMdr kiQq qOr `qy pnp rhy vwKvfd nMU bhuq vDf ky pysL kIqf sI. ies vfsqy jI[ tI[ vI[ ny Kfilsqfn dy  aKOqI rfsLtrpqI jgjIq isMG cOhfn, dljIq isMG ibwtU, ismrnjIq isMG mfn qy kuJ horF dy ibafnF nMU aDfr bxfieaf sI. jI[ tI[ vI[ ny ies pRogrfm ivwc Kfilsqfn dy JMzy, Kfilsqfn dI krMsI aqy pfsportF df vI Kfs qOr `qy ijLkr  kIqf sI. Kfilsqfn dy ieh pfsport, krMsI qy JMzf EhI hovygf ijs bfry jgjIq isMG cOhfn 25 ku sfl qoN pRcfr krdf af irhf hY.

          jI[ tI[ vI[ dy ies pRogrfm df BfrI ivroD hoieaf hY qy hr vrgy dy iswKF ny ies dI iksy nf iksy pwK qoN inMdf kIqI hY. pMjfb dI asMblI ivwc ies dI inMdf df mqf pfs hoieaf hY. BfrqI sMsd dy iswK mYNbr hrkq ivwc afey hn. pMjfb dy vwK vwK aKbfrF ny ies dI inMdf kIqI hY qy ies nMU iksy dI sfijLsL dwisaf hY. akflIaF ny ies nMU af rhIaF pMjfb coxF dy mwdynjLr kFgrs dI sfijsL afiKaf hY. ies pRogrfm dI jFc krvfAux bfry vI mMg kIqI geI hY qy jI[ tI[ vI[ ny ies ivvfd dy BKx qoN bfad muafPLI vI mMg leI hY.

          ies pRogrfm bfry aqy ies dI inMdf bfry jo kuJ pVHn qy sunx nMU imilaf hY Aus ivwc iewk qwQ sLONkI nMU bhuq kyNdrI qwQ mihsUs hoieaf hY. ieh qwQ hY pMjfb ivwc iksy ajyhI vwKvfdI lihr dI gYr-hfjLrI df. pMjfb aMdr igxqI dy vwKvfdI ho skdy hn pr pMjfb ivwc ies smyN vwKvfdI lihr nfm dI koeI sLYa nhIN hY ies qwQ bfry pMjfb dy rfjsI sIn dy sfry aihm iKzfrI pUrI qrF sihmq hn. drasl jI[ tI[ vI[ dy ies pRogrfm dI inMdf kridaF bhuqy afgUaF ny ikhf hI ieh hY ik jI[ tI[ vI[ ny ies pRogrfm vfsqy ijhnF lokF dy ibafnF nMU aDfr bxfieaf hY AuhnF df pMjfb ivwc afpxf koeI aDfr hI nhIN hY.

          Gwt igxq kimsLn dy sfbkf cyarmYn qy rfj sBf mYNbr s: qrlocn isMG ny sbMDq KfilsqfnI afgUaF nMU aDfrhIx dwisaf hY. pMjfb qoN pRkfsLq huMdy rojLfnf ajIq aKLbfr ny afpxy “gihrI cfl” nfm hyT ilKy sMpfdkI ivwc ros kIqf hY ik, “jI inAUjL ny afpxI ivsLysL irport ivwc kuJ AuhnF KfilsqfnI afgUaF nfl mulfkfqF pRsfrq kIqIaF hn ijnF dI iswKF ivwc sfK nhIN hY.”

          jI[ tI[ vI[ dI rport dy hr ivroDI ny ies qwQ dI pRoVqf kIqI hY ik pMjfb ivwc hux mukMml amn hY qy ies nMU brkrfr rwKxf pMjfb dI muwK loV hY.  ijhnF aKOqI KfilsqfnIaF ny jI[ tI[ vI[ nMU afpxy ibafn idwqy hn AuhnF ivwc ikMnf ku dm hY ieh gwl pMjfb dy lok cMgI qrF jfxdy hn. zfktr jgjIq isMG cOhfn bhuq vfr Kfilsqfn bnx dIaF qrIkF dy aYlfn kr cuwkf hY qy ismrnjIq isMG mfn kd kI afK dyvygf ies df Aus dy njLdIkI vI XkIn krn vfsqy kdy iqafr nhIN huMdy.  cOhfn kdy Kfilsqfn dI gwl krdf hY aqy kdy Kflsf rfj dIaF bfqF pfAux lwg pYNdf hY. dovF ivwc Prk kI hY ieh qF cOhfn afp hI jfxdf hovygf. AuNJ keI sfl pihlF Bfrq jfx dI iqafrI ivwc bYTy jgjIq isMG cOhfn ny iewk vfr aPLgfinsqfn ivwc dPLn kIqy rfjpUq rfjy ipRQvI rfj cOhfn dI imwtI Bfrq ilafAux dI vI pysLksL kIqI sI. BfrqpRsq dy qOr `qy jfixaF jFdf rfjpUq rfjf ipRQvI rfj cOhfn aPLgfn hmlfvr bMdI bxf ky lY gey sn qy Aus nMU mfry ky AuQy (sLfied gjLnI ivwc) dPLn kr idwqf igaf sI. ipRQvI rfj cOhfn nMU jgjIq cOhfn ny Bfrq mfqf df  mhfn spUq vI afiKaf sI qy afpxI Es smyN dy aPLgfn afgU ihkmqXfr nfl nyVqf df hvflf dy ky ipRQvI rfj cOhfn dI kbr dI imwtI Bfrq ilafAux df pRbMD krn dI gwl afKI sI. awj gfieb ho cuwkf ihkmqXfr kdy aPLgfinsqfn dI afrjLI srkfr ivwc pRDfn mMqrI hoieaf krdf sI. Es smyN jgjIq isMG cOhfn momoTwgxIaF gwlF kr ky afpxy afp nMU Bfrq jfx dy Xog bnfAuxf cfhuMdf sI qy Auh bImfr hox dy bhfny sihj nfl vIalcyar `qy bYT ky hvfeI jhfjL duafrf idwlI phuMc vI igaf sI. iemIgrysLn qoN klIar huMdy sfr hI Aus dI bImfrI gfieb ho geI sI qy Auh vIalcyar Buwl ky CVwpIN eyar port qoN bfhr af igaf sI pr awj iPr Kfilsqfn dy bx jfx dIaF qrIkF df aYlfn krn lwg ipaf hY. dfl ivwc kuJ kflf kflf qF jLrUr hY.

          kYt suwKI dy pRgt ho jfx qoN bfad vI dysI qy ivdysLI KfilsqfnIaF ny bhuq dohfeI pfeI sI qy Auh iksy nf iksy ZMg nfl afpxy afp aqy afpxI burI qrF Pyhl ho cuwkI lihr duwD DoqI sfbq krn dI koisLsL ivwc sn pr kfmXfb nhIN hoey. sgoN lokF ivwc ieh KdsLf hor Gr kr igaf ik pqf nhINN hor kOx kOx puils kYt sn jF hn qy kdoN aqy ikvyN kYt bxy sn. 

          EhI amirMdr isMG jo kYnyzf PyrI smyN KfilsqfnIaF dI GnyVI cVH igaf sI awj puils nMU PVo PVI krn dy afdysL dy irhf hY. AuhI ivdysLI KfilsqfnI jo amirMdr isMG nMU pMjfb df sLyr hox dy iKqfb dy rhy sn awj amirMdr dy dbky qF Kf rhy hn pr Kf guMgy ho ky rhy hn. jo ibafn jI[ tI[ vI[ vfly pRogrfm qoN bafd amirMdr ny idwqy hn jy ikqy eyny iqwKy ibafn muK mMqrI dy qOr `qy pRkfsL isMG bfdl ny idwqy huMdy qF iehnF lokF ny afpxy ryzIE pRogrfmF aqy styjF qoN bfdl dI aYsI-qYsI Pyr dyxI sI qy afpxy pRBfv vfly aKLbfrF ivwc bfdl dI mwQy `qy iqlk vflI qsvIr muwK pMinaF `qy pRkfsLq kr dyxI sI. amirMdr nfl aMdrKfqy nyVqf kfrn awj ieh look cuwpcfp sO gMzf qy sO iCqr bVy arfm nfl Kf rhy hn.

          jI[ tI[ vI[ dy mfmly ivwc vwKvfd dI hoeI iswDI JfVJMb qoN bfad dysI qy ivdysLI vwKvfdIaF nMU kMD `qy iliKaf pVHn dI gujLfrsL krdf hoieaf sLONkI pMjfb ivwc sdIvI amn dI kfmnf krdf hY.

 

ilwty nMU dihsLqgrd GoisLq krn ivwc dyrI ikAuN?

          qfiml vwKvfdIaF dI KUMnKfr jQybMdI ilwty ijs df pUrf nfm “ilbrysLn tfeIgrjL afPL qfiml eIlm” hY, dy knyzIan aprysLn bfry snsnIKyj qwQ ies hPLqy Aujfgr hoey hn. bIqy 20 ku sflF qoN ilwty ny sRI lMkf qoN vwK hox vfsqy qbfhkun KUMnI muihMm ivZI hoeI hY aqy hjLfrF bygunfh lok ies dI ByNt cVH cuwky hn. ilwty nMU mfzrn afqmGfqI hmilaF df jnmdfqf vI smiJaf jFdf hY. AuNJ dunIaF dy dUjy mhFXuwD ivwc jpfnI hvfeI sYnf dy  bhuq sfry pfielt amrIkn smuMdrI sYnf nMU qbfh krn vfsqy afqmGfqI hmly krdy rhy hn ijhnF nMU Es smyN “kfmfkfjI” hmly afiKaf jFdf sI pr ajoky smyN ivwc afqmGfqI hmilaF nMU afpxI XuwDnIqI df aMg bnfAuxf ilwt dy ihwsy hI afieaf hY. ilwty qoN bafd ies ivDI nMU PlsqInIaF aqy igxqI dy dihsLqgrdF ny pMjfb ivwc vI vriqaf sI. hux ieslfimk kwtVvfdIaF ny afqmGfqI hmly afpxI XuwD nIqI df muwK hiQafr bxfey hoey hn.  amrIkf, rUs, Bfrq, ierfk, ieMzonysLIaf, brqfnIaF qy aPLgfinsqfn ajyhy mfrU hmilaF df afey idn sfhmxf kr rhy hn qy dunIaF Br dy dysL ajyhy hmilaF qoN bhuq icMquq hn.

          ilwty dihsLqgrd hr sfl 5 julfeI nMU “hIro idn” vjoN mnfAuNdy hn aqy ieh Auh idn hY jd pihly ilty kfrkun ny afqmGfqI hmly ivwc afpxy afp nMU qbfh kIqf sI. ies qoN bafd ilwty ny afqmGfqI dsqy bxf ley sn qy ieh ilwty dI XuwDnIqI df aDfr bx igaf sI. ilwty ‘cfielz soljr’ BrqI krn vfsqy vI mohrI sMsQf mMnI jFdI hY. Kyzx-mwlx qy pVHn dI Aumr dyy bwcy ilwty dy kYNpF ivwc POjI qy afqmGfqI tRYinMg lYNdy hn.

          ihAUmn rfeIts vfc nfm dI ies sMsQf ny ilwty bfry afpxI 45 sPLy dI rport ivwc ajyhy qwQ idwqy hn ijhnF qoN ieh sfbq huMdf hY ik ilwty df knyzIan ivMg lgfqfr sQfnk qfiml BfeIcfry qoN jLbrdsqIN “XuWD-tYks” dy rUp ivwc lwKF zflr vsUldf hY ijs nfl sRI lMkF ivwc dihsLgrd kfrveIaF leI mdd kIqI jFdI hY. sMsQf ny ies rport ivwc bhuq hI snsnIKyj qwQ idwqy hn ik ikvyN ilwty ny afpxy knyzIan aprysLLn vfsqy keI hor nfvF hyT sMsQfvF df iewk afrgynfeIjLz jugfV bxfieaf hoieaf hY ijs nMU sQfnk qfiml BfeIcfry qoN XojnfbMD ZMg nfl ieh tYks vsUl vfsqy vriqaf jFdf hY. rport muqfibk afm sLihrIaF qoN $2500 qoN $5000 df slfnf cMdf mMigaf jFdf hY jd ik sQfnk qfiml vpfrk adfiraF qoN slfnf $100, 000 qwk mMigaf jFdf hY.  sMsQf ny ies dIaF bhuq sfrIaF AudfhrxF vI idwqIaF hn qy nfl hI afiKaf hY ik bhuq sfry qfiml knyzIan ilwty dy ies aprysLn qoN bhuq duKI hn pr zrdy mfry cuwp hn. ilwty dIaF sQfnk PrMt sMsQfvF df jugfV pRcfr aqy lfbI krn df kMm vI bhuq XojnfbMD ZMg nfl krdf dwisaf jFdf hY. ies nMU sfrI syD ilwty dI kyNdrI kmFz qoN afAuNdI dwsI jFdI hY.

          qfkq ivwc afAux qoN pihlF kMsrvtv pfrtI ilwty nMU dihsLqgrd sMgTn GoisLq krn dI Kuwlyafm mMg krdI rhI sI qy ilbrl votF dy lflc vws ivwc mMg nMU afny-bhfny tfldy rhy sn. torFto dy ierd-igrd 2 qoN ZfeI lwK qfiml vwsdy hn qy ilbrl ieh votF pwkIaF afpxIaF jybF ivwc pfeI iPrdy sn. KLjLfnf mMqrI pfl mfritn sfl 2000 ivwc iewk ilwty smrQk qfiml jQybMdI dy torFto ivwc hoey iewk smfgm ivwc muwK mihmfn bx ky vI gey sn qy ivroDI iDr ny pfl mfritn dI sKLq nukqfcInI kIqI sI. amrIkf, brqfnIaF qy Bfrq smyq bhuq sfry dysL ilwty jQybMdI nMU dihsLqgrd jQybMdI GoisLq kr cwuky hn. kYnyzf dI sikAurtI ieMtYlIjLMs srivs (sIss) ilwty nMU dihsLsqgrd aYlfny jfx dI mMg kr cuwkI hY qy ilbrl srkfr ies nMU mMnx qoN afnf-kfnI krdI rhI hY. ihAUmn rfeIts vfc sMsQf dI ieh 45 sPLy dI rport  kYnyzf dy pbilk syPLtI mMqrI sRI stfkvYl zya dy zYsk `qy vI phuMc cuwkI hY. ivdysL mMqrI pItr mkya pihlF hI ilwty bfry sKLLq ibafn dy cuwky hn. gYr-kfnUMnI ZMg nfl aqy gYr kfnUMnI kfrvfeIaF krn vfsqy knyzIan qfiml sLihrIaF qoN “tYks” vsUlx vflI sMsQf nMU ibnF dyrI dy dihsLgrd GoisLq kr idwqf jfxf cfhIdf hY qF ik dysL dIaF surwiKaf eyjMsIaF sLihrIaF dI ajLfdI dI pUrI rfKI kr skx.

-sLONkI ieMglYNzIaf

 


pfiksqfn ivwc ieslfimk kwtVvfd nMU Twl pfAux qoN ibnF aPLgfinsqfn ivwc sLFqI dI sMBfvnf bhuq Gwt!

          sfl 2001 dy aMq ivwc amrIkf dI qfilbfn ivroDI muihMm df ihwsf bnx qoN hux qwk aPLgfinsqfn ivwc kYnyzf dy 10 POjI sLhId ho cuwky hn qy drjnF jLKLmI ho cuwky hn. bIqy 7-8 idnF dOrfn hI kYnyzf dy do POjI rwb nMU ipafry ho gey hn qy drjn dy krIb jLKLmI hoey hn. mhInf ku pihlF kMDfr ivwc kYnyzf df iewk izplomYt vI afqmGfqI hmly ivwc mfiraf igaf sI.

          iehnF idnF ivwc kMDfr ivwc knyzIan POjIaF `qy awDI drjn dy krIb hmly hoey hn. bIqy hPLqy dOrfn iewk hmlf qF bhuq hI ajIb iksm df hoieaf sI jd iewk aPLgfn ipMz  dI pMcfieq nfl ipMz dI mdd krn leI slfh-msLvrf krn gey knyzIan POjI aPLsr `qy iewk pyNzU ivdrohI ny “awlf hU akbr” afK ky qyjLDfr dfq nfl vfr kr idwqf sI ijs nfl ieh aPLsr burI qrF jLKLmI ho igaf.

          kYnyzf ny kMDfr sYktr ivwc nYto POjI gwTjoV (bhu-rfsLtrI) vwloN qYnfq POjF dI kmFz ajy hPLqf ku pihlF hI sMBflI hY aqy ies sYktr ivwc qYnfq knyzIan POjIaF dI igxqI 2200 qoN vwD hY. ies qoN pihlF knyzIan POjI kfbul ivwc ‘sLFqI -sYnf’ dI sPLl BUimkf inBfa cuwky hn pr kMDfr ivwc iehnF df rol sLFqI-kfiemI dy nfl nfl POjI kfrvfeIaF krn vflf vI hY. huxy coxF hfrI pfl mfritn dI srkfr ny kMDfr ivwc amrIkn POjIaF dI QF knyzIan POj qYnfq krn df vfadf cuwpcfp ikAuN kIqf ies df juvfb qF Auh hI dy skdy hn pr iewk gwl sfPL hY ik knyzIan POjI hux dunIaF dy bhuq KLqrnfk iKwqy ivwc qYnfq kr idwqy gey hn. amrIkf afpxI ijLmyvfrI kYnyzf aqy hor nYto sMgTn dy dysLF isr suwtx ivwc kfmXfb ho igaf hY. kMDfr, aPLgfinsqfn dy kwtVpMQI qy KOPLnfk qfilbfn sfbkf sLfskF df gVH mMinaF jFdf hY.

          kYnyzf dI nvIN Gwt igxqI srkfr ny aPLgfinsqfn imsLn nMU jfrI rwKx df aYlfn kIqf hY aqy ies bfry sMsd dy agly iejlfs ivwc bihs krvfAux qoN vI ienkfr kr idwqf hY. pRDfn mMqrI sRI stIvn hfrpr df kihxf hY ik ies mOky POj dy rol `qy ikMqU-pRMqU krn nfl POj df mnobl izwg skdf hY. AuhnF nfl hI ieh afs vI pRgt kIqI hY ik ibnF kOmI ivcfr vtFdrf krn dy knyzIan POj kMDfr Byjx vfly ilbrl hux ies mfmly ivwc nvIN srkfr dy nfl KVoxgy. blfk ikbYWk aqy aYn zI pI ny ies mfmly `qy sMsd ivwc bihs krvfAux dI mMg kIqI hY. POjIaF `qy hoey hmilaF kfrn dysL ivwc ies sfrI qYnfqI `qy muV ivcfr krn dI mMg AuWT KVI hoeI hY. knyzIan POjF dy jrnYl ny lokF nMU af rhy musLkl smyN leI iqafr krn vfsqy ieh afK idwqf  hY ik POjF nMU agly 10 sfl aPLgfinsqfn ivwc rihxf pY skdf hY. POjF df aPLgfn imsLn ikMnf ku smF jfrI rwiKaf jfvygf ieh knyzIan srkfr aqy lokF dIaF BfvnfvF `qy inrBr krygf pr aPgfinsqfn nMU ivdysLI POjI mdd dI looV bhuq lMbf smF rhygI ieh gwl hux dunIaF ny mMn leI hY.

          ies lMbI bfhrI POjI mdd dI loV df muwK kfrn aPLgfinsqfn dy gvFZI mulk pfiksqfn ivwc “qfilbfn” pYdf krn dIaF lwgIaF “PYktrIaF” hn jo hPLqy swqy idn Evr-tfeIm kMm kr rhIaF hn. aPLfgn asiQrqf vfsqy BfvyN rUs smyq sfrIaF pwCmI qfkqF ijLmyvfr hn ijhnF rUsI POjI dKl df tfkrf krn vfsqy lgfqfr amrIkf dI srdfrI hyT pfiksqfn dy rsqy musilm kwtVvfd nMU AuBfiraf aqy hiQafrbMd kIqf sI.  rUs dI hfr qoN bfad pfiksqfn ny aPLgfinsqfn nMU sdf leI afpxI cuMgl ivwc rwKx dI nIq nfl “qfilbfn” nfm dI KOPnfk qnjLIm KVI kIqI sI. pfik KuPIaf eyjMsI afeI aYs afeI ny qfilbfn qnjLIm nMU kfbul `qy kfbjL krvfieaf aqy ies smyN amrIkf smyq sfry pwCmI dysL awKF bMd kr ky bYTy rhy sn. pwCmI dysL aPgfinsqfn ivwc pYdf ho rhy zoizaF nMU afpxy afp vfsqy qfilbfn qoN ikqy vwD KLqrnfk smJdy sn qy gfhy-bgfhy aPLgfn iksfnF dI afriQk mdd dy nfm `qy zoizaF dI kfsLq bMd krvfAux dIaF gwlF krdy rihMdy sn.

          qfilbfn dI kwtVqf qoN jy koeI pUrI qrF agfh sI qF sovIaq XUnIan dy tutx nfl bxy aPfginsqfn dy Auqr-pUrb dy nvyN dysL sn jF Bfrq sI. jd ieMzIan eyar lfeIn df jhfjL agvfh kr ky kMDfr lfihaf igaf sI qF Bfrq ny bhuq hfl-pfiraf kIqI sI pr amrIkf dy kMn `qy jUM qwk nhIN sI srkI.  hjLfrF sfl purfxy mhfqmf buwD dy buqF nMU bfrUd nfl Auzf dyx vrgy qfilbfnI kukrm qoN bfad vI pwCmI dysL qkrIbn cuwp hI rhy sn. qfilbfnI kwtVqf ny aPLgfn lokF dy nwk ivwc dm kr idwqf sI  qy inwq nvyN nvyN PLqvy jfrI kIqy jFdy sn. Esfmf ibn lfidn aPLgfinsqfn df ibnF qfjL bfdsLfh bx bYTf sI aqy ieh swB kuJ pfiksqfn dI KuPIaf eyjMsI afeI aYs afeI qoN guJf hoieaf nhIN sI.

          amrIkf dIaF awKF 9/11 dy iBafnk kFz qoN bfad hI KulIaF sn qy kuJ mhIinaF ivwc hI Bry-pIqy amrIkf ny aPLgfinsqfn ivwc POjI kfrvfeI sLurU kr idwqI sI. awj vI jy aPLgfinsqfn ivwc gYr-qfilbfnI srkfr cwl rhI hY qF ieh amrIkf aqy hor dysLF dy shfry hI cwl rhI hY. jy awj ivdysLI POjF bfhr af jfx qF kuJ mhIinaF ivwc hI aPLgfinsqfn dy vwzy ihwsy `qy qfilbfn iPr kfbjL ho jfxgy.

          ies pwK nMU vyKIey qF aPLgfinsqfn ivwc knyzIan POj smyq ivdysLI POjF df rol bhuq aihm hY. qfilbfn dy kbjLy df mqlb hY ieslfimk kwtVvfd df kbjLf aqy ies dy nfl hI aPLgfinsqfn iPr kwtVvfd dI tRyinMg df kYNp bx jfvygf. ies dy nfl hI zoizaF dI kfsLq vD jfx aqy hYroien afid dI pYdfvfr vD jfx df vI pUrf zr hY. pr aPLgfinsqfn nMU qfilbfn dy Kqry qoN bcfAux vfsqy hmysLf dunIaF dy hor dysLF dIaF POjF nMU qYnfq rwKxf koeI hwl nhIN hY.  aPLgfn lok aksr ivdysLIaF Kfs kr pwCmI ivdysLIaF nMU bhuqf psMd vI nhIN krdy. aPLgfinsqfn ivwc rfjsI siQrqf qy lok rfj dI kfiemI ies vfsqy bhuq jLrUrI hY. lok rfj aqy rfjsI siQrqf ilafAux vfsqy pfiksqfn ivwc “qfilbfn” pYdf krn dIaF lwgIaF “PYktrIaF” nMU bMd krvfAux bhuq jLrUrI hY. pfiksqfn ivwc idn rffq cwl rhy hjLfrF mdrwsy ajy vI nvIN pIVHI nMU ividaf dy nfm `qy kwtVvfd dI tRyinMg dy rhy hn. qfilbfn pnIrI aqy rkrUt pfiksqfn dy mdrwisaF ivwc hI pYdf huMdy hn. ieQoN hI hiQafrbMd ho ky Auh bfrzr twpdy qy kfrvfeIaF krdy hn.

          pfiksqfn awj aPLgfinsqfn ivwc EhI kuJ kr irhf hY jo BfrqI ksLmIr ivwc 20 sfl qoN kr irhf hY aqy BfrqI pMjfb ivwc zyZ dhfkf krdf irhf hY. pfiksqfn bfhrI dbfE Kfs kr amrIkf dy dbfE hyT awqvfd ivruD lVfeI ivwc ihwsydfr qF BfvyN bx igaf hY pr aMdroN pfiksqfn dIaF hmdrdIaF ajy vI kwtVvfdIaF dy nfl hI hn. iehI kfrn hY ik buwsL dI pfiksqfn PyrI qoN 10 ku idn pihlF pfiksqfn PyrI `qy afey aPLgfn afgU hfimd krjLeI ny pfiksqfn nMU iewk ilst idwqI sI ijs ivwc pfiksqfn dI DrqI `qy siQq  qfilbfn isKlfeI kyNdrF dy nfm aqy keI qfilbfn afgUaF dy azrYs qy Pon afid idwqy hoey sn. aPLgfinsqfn smJdf hY ik qfilbfn kwtVpMQI pfiksqfn dI mdd dy shfry hI BMnqoV dIaF kfrvfeIaF kr rhy hn qy ksLmIr dy mfmly ivwc smJdf Bfrq vI iehI hY. pfiksqfn ies ilst qoN eynf KPf hoieaf hY jnrl musLwrPL ny ieh dosL lgf idwqf hY ik aPLgfn KuPIaf eyjMsIaF pfiksqfn nMU bdnfm krn `qy qulIaF hoeIaF hn. pfiksqfn ny ies ilst nMU purfxI aqy PjLUl dI ilst vI afiKaf hY. iehI kuJ pfiksqfn Bfrq vloN keI vfr idwqI awqvfdI tRyinMg kYNpF dI ilst bfry vI afKdf irhf hY.

          hux dunIaF vI ies swc nMU mfnqf dyx lwg peI hY. iehI kfrn hY ik afpxI pfiksqfn Xfqrf dOrfn amrIkf dy rfsLtrpqI jfrj buwsL ny pfik dy POjI sLfsk jnrl musLwrPL nMU dysL aMdr jmhUrIaq dI mukMml qy jld bhflI dI gwl afKI sI. amrIkf vfsqy pfiksqfn “swp dy mUMh ivwc afeI kohV ikrlI” hY ijs nMU amrIkf nf Cwz skdf hY aqy nf hI ingl skdf hY. jy pfiksqfn aMdr afriQk mMdhflI pYdf huMdI hY qF ies df amrIkf nMU zr hY ik ies nfl gVbV nf pYdf ho jfvy aqy jy pfiksqfn qfkqvr huMdf hY qF ies df vI amrIkf nMU zr hY ik pfiksqfn hwQoN nf inkl jfvy. jy jnrl musLwrPL kwtVvfd nMU jMm ky hwQ nhIN pfAuNdf qF vI amrIkf nrfjL huMdf hY aqy jy musLwrPL amrIkf dI mMn ky kwtVvfdI qfkqF sfhmxy kmjLor huMdf hY qy rfjplty dy afsfr vDdy hn qF vI amrIkf df idl zoldf hY.

          pfiksqfn aMdr kwtVvfd df Kfqmf qy jmhUrIaq dI bhflI dunIaF vfsqy bhuq jLrUrI ho geI hY. ierfk `qy hmly vfsqy amrIkf ny mfrU hiQafrF df bfhnf hI lgfieaf sI pr pfiksqfn qF mfrU hiQafr rwKI bYTf hY. aqy pfiksqfn dy ieh mfrU aYtmI hiQafr asiQrqf dI GVI ivwc ieslfimk kwtpMQIaF dy hwQ vI af skdy hn. amrIkf, Bfrq aqy dunIaF dy hor ijLmyvfr dysL ies qoN cOkMny qF hn pr ajy kr kuJ nhIN skdy. rfsLtrpqI buwsL ny pfiksqfn nfl Bfrq vrgf aYtmI sihXog df smJOqf krno korf ienkfr vI ies kfrn hI kIqf sI.

          awj aPLgfinsqfn ivwc hfjLr knyzIan qy hor dysLF dIaF POjF afrjLI qOr `qy amn bxfeI rwKx ivwc shfeI qF jLrUr ho rhIaF hn pr ieh smwisaf df koeI sQfeI hwl nhIN hY. pfiksqfn ivwc ieslfimk kwtVvfd nMU Twl pfAux qoN ibnF aPLgfinsqfn ivwc sLFqI dI sMBfvnf bhuq Gwt hY. ivdysLI POjF dI hfjLrI nfl ilaFdy asQfeI amn qoN sQfeI amn vwl vDx vfsqy pfiksqfn df jmhUrIkrn qy nsLqrIkrn, dunIaF nMU iksy idn jLrUr krnf pvygf. ies kMm qoN ibnF aPLgfinsqfn ivwc sQfeI amn bhfl nhIN ho skygf.

-sLONkI ieMglYNzIaf

 


 

jy puils “ibwlIaF” dI igxqI 300 hY qF “blUMgiVaF” dI igxqI qF hjLfrF ivwc hovygI! ivdysLI “kYtF” df Byd kOx, kd Kohlygf?

          suKivMdr isMG suwKI dy nfm hyT muV “jIvq” hoey puls kYt aqy sfbkf dihsLqgrd hrjIq isMG kfhloN dy mfmly ny pMjfb df isafsI mhOl iewk iPr pMjfb dy duKFq nfl joV idwqf hY. pMjfb dI ivDfn sBf ivwc ies bfry BrvIN bihs hoeI hY aqy mIzIey ivwc BrpUr crcf. sfrIaF sbMDq iDrF ivwcoN jy koeI ies mfmly qoN pUrI qrF axiBwj irhf hY qF  Eh hn  pMjfb dy lok ijhnF ies ivc koeI idmcspI nhIN ivKfeI.

          kwtVpMQI iDrF ies mfmly nMU afpxI lihr aqy afpxy afp nMU dosL mukq sfbq krn vfsqy vrqx dI koisLsL ivwc hn. mnuwK aiDkfrF dy nfm hyT dihsLqgrdF df pwK pUrn vflIaF kuJ iDrF adflqF dy drvfjLy KVkfAux vI qurIaF hn. lokF nMU pRBfv ieh dyx dI koisLsL kIqI jf rhI hY ijvyN ik suKivMdr isMG suwKI jF Aus vrgy “kYtF” df Byd iehnF iDrF kol pihlF kdy nhIN sI qy hux AuhnF nMU pMjfb dy duKFq dy kfrnF df aslI Byd lwB ipaf hY. ivDfn sBf ivwc ivroDI iDr dy afgU s: pRkfsL isMG bfdl ny vI ies mfmly nMU afpxy isafsI ihwqF vfsqy vrqx leI sfry kys nMU “srkfrI” rMgq dyx dI koisLsL kIqI hY. pr s: bfdl ieh Buwl gey hn ik cfr ku sfl pihlF pMjfb dI “srkfr” Auh afp hI sn aqy ies ahudy `qy pUry pMj sfl ibrfjmfn rhy sn. suwKI vrgIaF puils “iblIaF” (kYtF) Es smyN vI “srkfr dI puils” dI Cqr-Cfieaf hyT sn qy awj vI hn bs bdlI isrPL srkfr hI hY qy Auh aglIaF coxF ivwc iPr bdl skdI hY.

          ivDfn sBf ivwc bihs dOrfn jd kYptn amirMdr isMG ny bfdl sfihb dy iewk qyjL svfl df juvfb idMidaF ieh puwC ilaf sI ik pMQk kmytI vflf vwsx isMG jwPLrvfl ikvyN vfps pMjfb priqaf sI? qF s: bfdl sfihb inr-juvfb ho gey sn. rOlf ieh Es smyN vI ipaf sI jd pMQk kmytI df vwsx isMG jwPLrvfl s: bfdl dy rfjkfl ivwc acfnk pMjfb ivwc pRgt ho igaf sI. koeI afKdf sI ik jwPLrvfl pfiksqfn qoN iksy hor dysL dy rsqy Bfrq puwijaf hY, koeI afhMdf sI Auh nypfl qoN Bfrq afieaf hY aqy koeI Aus nMU XUrp qoN iswDf afieaf dwsdf sI. afieaf ikqoN vI hovy, Auh pMjfb af igaf sI ijwQy Aus df vfl vI ivMgf nhIN sI hoeaf qy ilaFdf Auh bfdl sfihb dI srkfr dy iewk mMqrI vwloN hI igaf sI. vwsx isMG jPLrvfl AuhnF pMj pMQk kmytI mYNbrF `coN iewk sI ijs dy hukm pMjfb aMdr kdy dysL dI srkfr qoN ikqy vwD cldy sn. puils aPLsr, isvl aPLsr, srkfrI vkIl, jwj aqy hr rMg dy isafsI afgU jwPLrvfl dy nfm qoN kMibaf krdy hn. coxF dy DmkIaF hyT bfeIkft, lokF nMU qrF qrF dy Purmfn aqy afey idn bMDF dy swdy vwsx isMG jwPLrvfl qy Es dy sfQIaF dy aslI-nklI dsqKLqF hyT Cfpy gey ibafnF aqy iesLiqhfrF hyT idwqy qy lfgU krvfey jFdy sn aqy  bYTf Auh pfiksqfn dwisaf jFdf sI.

          jwPLrvfl iekwlf nhIN ies vkq jo vwzy vwzy KfilsqfnI afgU pMjfb ivwc arfm Purmf rhy hn AuhnF ivwc jgjIq isMG cOhfn jo kdy Kfilsqfn df rfsLtrpqI aKvfAuNdf sI, BfeI aKvfAux vflf dljIq isMG ibwtU ijs dy nfm qoN lok zrdy sn, pMQk kmytI df idmfg dwisaf jFdf irhf bjLurg sohx isMG qy ivsLv iswK sMsQf df inAUXfrk ivwc gTn krvfAux vflf jnrl Buwlr vI sLfml hY. iehnF nfmvr KfilsqfnIaF ivwc koeI “ibwlI” sLfml hY? ies gwl df qF isrPL iqMn iDrF nMU hI pqf hovygf, sLONkI ies bfry kuJ nhIN afK skdf. pihlI iDr ieh sbMDq swjx qy AuhnF dy sihXogI afp hn, dUjI iDr puils jF srkfr hY aqy qIjI iDr srbsLkqImfn qy jfxIjfx prm ipqf prmfqmf hY.

          suwKI AurPL suKivMdr isMG AurPL hrjIq isMG kfhloN df mfmlf asl ivwc Es idn pUrI qrF BVikaf sI ijs idn pMjfb puils dy muKI zI jI pI ivrk ny iewk pwqrkfr sMmyln ivwc sfbkf zI jI pI ky pI aYs igwl dI hfjLrI ivwc ieh afK idwqf sI ik “pMjfb ivwc iewk nhIN, 300 suKI, swKI-sFdI vwsdy hn.” gwl iPr 300 qoN hor awgy vDdI geI qy igxqI AuhnF dihsLqgrdF dI idwqI jfx lwgI ijhnF nMU s: brnflf, byaMq isMG aqy horF dy rfjkfl dOrfn ihrfsq jF kYd `coN Cwizaf igaf sI. pMjfb ivDfn sBf ivwc muwK mMqrI kYptn amirMdr isMG ny ajyhy swjxF dI igxqI 2145 dws ky, sfry kuJ dI qPLqIsL krvfAux qoN sfPL ienkfr kr idwqf hY. qy ivroDI iDr ny ajyhI koeI qPLqIsL vfsqy bhuqf jLor vI nhIN pfieaf ikAuNik jo srkfr nMU pqf hY Es df ivroDI iDr nMU vI pUrI qrF pqf hY, pfxI ivwc mDfxI qF votF nMU iDafn ivwc rwK ky hI pfeI jf rhI hY.

           horF vFg dljIq isMG ibwtU ny vI ies mfmly bfry aplI-twplIaF mfr ky gwl afpxy isr pYxo tflx dI koisLsL kIqI hY. mIzIey ivwc ieh rportF afeIaF sn ik kYt suwKI afpxy afp nMU kurbfnI vflf KfilsqfnI aKvfAux vfly dljIq isMG ibwtU (BfeI) dy ivafh `qy vI afieaf sI aqy rMg-brMgy KfilsqfnIaF nMU Kwul ky imilaf sI. dljIq isMG ny ieh mMn ilaf hY ik swKI Aus dy ivafh mOky afieaf sI. jy suwKI dljIq isMG ibwtU dy ivafh mOky hfjLr sI  qy AuWQy hor vI “swjxF” nMU imilaf sI qF ies ivwc koeI sLwk nhIN rih jFdI ik sfbkf dihsLqgrd hrjIq isMG kfhlo AurPL suKivMdr isMG suwKI dljIq isMG ibwtU aqy horF dy pUry sMPrk ivwc sI aqy AuhnF nMU Es dy ijLMdf aqy jfalI nfm hyT rihMdf hox df pUrf pqf sI. hrjIq isMG kfhlo AurPL suKivMdr isMG suwKI dy kiQq qOr `qy sLhId ho jfx df vI ibwtU smyq sfry KfilsqfnIaF nMU pqf sI qy Aus dIaF sLhId vjoN qsvIrF vI keI ivdysLI KfilsqfnI glby hyTly gurdvfiraF ivwc lwgIaF hoeIaF dwsIaF jFdIaF hn.

          eyQy hI bws nhIN suKI qF iek smyN aYm pI iDafn sMG mMz df isafsI skwqr vI irhf sI qy iDafn sMG mMz nf akflI sI aqy nf hI kFgrsI, Auh vwKvfdI smrQwkF dI mUhrlI kqfr ivwc irhf hY. gwl sfPL hY ik swuKI AuhnF lokF df hI chyqf sI ijhVy awj “kYtF” df rOlf pf ky afpxy afp nMU sLrIPL sfbq krn dI koisLsL kr rhy hn. ieh gwl awKoN proKy nhIN kIqI jfxI cfhIdI ik suwKI AurPL suKivMdr isMG AurPL hrjIq isMG kfhloN pihlF KfilsqfnI dihsLqgrd sI aqy iPr iksy zr jF lflc vws puils ibwlI bixaF sI qy bxy hor vI iesy qrF sn. puils, ibwlIaF aqy dihsLqgrdF dI iqwkVI ivwc bhuq kuJ Cuipaf hoieaf hY, kOx kI sI aqy kOx kI hY ies bfry bhuqf kuJ dfavy nfl nhIN afiKaf jf skdf. dihsLqgrdF, bdamnI PYlfAux vfly sMgTnF qy  qskrF nMU kfbU krn vfsqy dunIaF Br dIaF srkfrF “tfAUtF” dI vrqoN krdIaF hn ijhnF nMU pMjfb ivwc cwlI dihsLqgrd lihr dy sMdrB ivwc “puils kYt” dfd nfm idwqf igaf hY. kYt drasl puils tfAUt df hI dUjf nfm hY.

          puils ny afpxIaF “ibwlIaF” bxy dihsLqgrdF nMU ijhnF kMmF vfsqy vriqaf jF “iblIaF” ny ijhnF kMmF vfsqy puils qy pRsLfsLn nMU vriqaf Auh sfry kMm jfiej nhIN ho skdy.

          ieh svfl vI pYdf huMdf hY ik dihsLq dy dOr ivwc jo kuJ pMjfb ivwc vfpiraf hY Aus ipwCy kOx sI? afey idn pMjfb bMd, brfqF bMd, nwcx-gfAux bMd, pihrfey `qy pfbMDI, skUlF ivwc bMdUk qy DmkiaF nfl nvyklIaF vrdIaF lfgU, mfr-DfV, iPrOqIaF, blfqkfr, nfeIaF dy kql, mIt-sLfrb bMd, BeIaF qy ietF pwQx vfilaF dy kql, keI nfmvr afgUaF dy kql, bwsF gwzIaF ivcoN lfh ky ihMdUaF dy kql aqy hor bhuq kuJ kOx krdf sI? KfilsqfnI afKdy hn ik ieh kuJ puils “iblIaF” krdIaF sn. pr ibwlIaF kOx sn  ieh swB dy sfhmxy hY ik suwKI kOx sI, “sLhId” df ruqbf Es nMU iks ny idwqf sI qy iPr ijLMdf qy imldf vrqdf hox kfrn vI Es df prdf iks ny rwiKaf hoieaf sI?

          ieh svfl vI pYdf huMdf hY ik  jy swB bury kMm ibwlIaF hI krdIaF sn qF asIN kIqf asIN kIqf dy dfavy kox krdf sI? aKLbfrF nMU ijMmyvfrI dIaF stytmYNtF kOx idMdf sI qy kOx bMdUk dI nok `qy CpvfAuNdf sI?

          ieh svfl vI pYdf huMdf hY ik  jy swB bury kMm ibwlIaF hI krdIaF sn qF afpxy afp nMU KfVkU aKvfAux vfly kI krdy sn?  kI koeI AuhnF dIaF drjnF jQybMdIaF dI kfrjsLylI aqy kIqy hoey cMgy kMmF dI koeI Audfhrx dy skdf hY? aksr afpUM sjLy vwzy vwzy eyarIaf kmFzr qy jrnYl kuJ qF krdy hI hoxgy?

          sLONkI socdY ik jy puils dIaF “ibwlIaF” dI igxqI puils muKI ivrk muqfibk 300 hY qF “blUMgiVaF” dI igxqI qF hjLfrF ivwc hovygI! jo “ibwlIaF” nfl rfbqf rwKdy hoxgy, AuhnF df PwtI bsqf cuwkdy hox qy AuhnF dI tihl-syvf krdy hoxgy. suixaF hY ik suwKI afp vI ivdysLF dy gyVy lf igaf hY qy ivdysLF ivwc vI keI “ibwlIaF” sn qy hn. ivdysLI “kYtF” df Byd kOx qy kd Kohlygf? ieh sONkI vrigaF leI iewk buJfrq bixaF hoieaf hY.

 

ilbrlF nMU nfnI Xfd afeI:

          ilbrl pfrtI `qy afpxI pkV mjLbUq krn vfsqy mfritnvfdIaF ny pfrtI dI mYNbrisLp `qy keI iksm dIaF pfbMdIaF afied kr rwKIaF sn. mfritn ivroDIaF vfsqy ilbrl mYNbr BrqI krn vfsqy mYNbrisp  Pfrm qwk lYxy vI musLkl kr idwqy gey sn. EntyrIE ivwc qF mfritn dy iesLfry `qy ilbrl pfrtI ivroDIaF DiVaF nMU isrPL iewk smyN 5 mYNbrisLp Pfrm hI idMdI sI. ajyhy hwQ kMizaF nfl mfritn ny pfrtI aMdr afpxy ivroDIaF nMU KUMjy lgf idwqf sI sfl 2003 dy aMq `qy ilbrl pfrtI dy afgU df qfjL qkrIbn ibnF mukfbly hI pihn ilaf sI. hux jd pfl mfritn nMU dysL dy lokF ny Gr ibTf idwqf hY qF ilbrl pfrtI nMU “mYNbrisLp” BrqI krn dy rUp ivwc nfnI Xfd af geI hY. pfrtI nMU aihsfs ho igaf hY ik lokF ivwc sfK bnfAux vfsqy vwD qoN vwD mYNbrisLp cfhIdI hY. kwl qwk mfritn DVy dy ieCfry `qy lokF nMU 5-5 mYNbrisLp Pfrm dyx vflI pfrtI hux mYNbrisLp pUrI qrF Kohlx dIaF gwlF kr rhI hY. sLONkI nMU pqf lwgf hY ik ilbrl pfrtI lokF ivwc afpxI sfK bhfl krn vfsqy ibnF mYNbrisLp PfrmF dy hI mYNbr BrqI krn dy qrIky ivcfr rhI hY.  hux jldI hI ilbrl mYNbrisLp ieMtrnYWt dy rfhIN idwqy jfx df aYlfn ho jfx dI afs hY. ies nfl vwK vwK sItF `qy jwPLf mfr bYTy ilbrl sMsd mYNbrF nMU nfmInysLnF df sfhmxf vI krnf pY skdf hY. ies gwl df ajy pqf nhIN lwgf ik kI pfrtI afpxy sMsd mYNbrF  nMU nfmInysLnF df qrwdd krn dy cwkr ivwc pfvygI? jy jo bIbI sLIlf kfpos nfl mfritn ny krvfieaf sI vwl njLr mfrI jfvy qF lgdf hY ik ieh swB kuJ nvyN cuxy jfx vfly ilbrl afgU `qy, Aus dI pfilsI `qy aqy Es dy sMsd mYNbrF nfl sbMDF `qy hI inrBr krygf. kerI hmfqVf nMU qF hux qoN hI sMBfvI jyqU dI qlfsL krnI pvygI qF ik Aus leI “cox PMz” iekwTf kr ky dosqI gMZI jfvy qy nfmIntsLn df `84 df cwkr kwitaf jfvy.

- sLONkI ieMglYNzIaf


 

jy Drm sihxsLIlqf isKfAuNdf hY qF iPr asihxsLIlqf ikwQoN af tpkdI hY?

          awj afpxy afly-duafly njLr mfrIey qF dunIaF ivwc hr pfsy gVbVIH vflf mhOl njLr afAuNdf hY. mfromfrI ho rhI hY qy QFH QFH bMb Pt rhy hn. mfromfrI df dOr hux eynf iBafnk ho igaf hY ik keI dysLF ivwc mfrkIt ivwc lUx-qyl KrIdx jfxf vI surwiKaq nhIN irhf. keI vfr qF mnuwK dI mfrU soc eynI  iBafnk ho inbVdI hY jd drjnF lok iksy Drm asQfn aMdr “srbsLkqImfn” awgy duaf krdy hoey hI iksy afqmGfqI hmly df isLkfr ho jFdy hn. ajyhI hflq ivwc aslI “srbsLkqImfn” kOx hY, bfry vI sLONkI vrigaF dy mnF ivwc sLMky KVy ho jFdy hn.

          dunIaF dy bhuqy ihisaF ivwc cwl rhI gVbVHI BfvyN keI vfr rfjsI jfpdI hY pr ies dy Dur aMdr iksy nf iksy rUp ivwc “Drimk kwtVqf” ibrfjmfn hoeI vyKI jf skdI hY. hr Drm hI afpxy afp nMU kilafxkfrI dwsdf hY qy hr Drm df muwK insLfnf iensfn nMU dieafvfn “krqy” nfl joV ky, iensfn df AuDfr krnf dwisaf jFdf hY.

          bfhrI rUp ivwc hr Drm iensfn nMU prAupkfrI, nrmidl qy dieafvfn hox dI iswiKaf idMdf hY. eIsfeI aksr hjLrq eIsf dI eys iswiKaf df hvflf dyxf kdy nhIN Buldy ik jy koeI quhfzy iewk DwpV mfry qF afpxy mUMh df dUjf pfsf vI Aus vwl kr idE qF hYvfngI df isLkfr hoieaf hmlfvr sLrmsfr ho jfvy. boDI, ihMdU qy jYnI ivcfrDfrfvF qF mnuwK nMU ihMsf dy iKlfPL vfr vfr pRyrdIaF hn. sMsikRq ivwc sihxsLIlqf  nMU idwqI geI mhwqqf df aMdfjLf eys kQn qoN lfieaf jf skdf hY,  “sMqosLm prmm suKm” Bfv sMqoK krnf jF Bfxf mMnxf prm-suwK (sLRomxI suwK) hY. mhfqmf gFDI ny eys ivDI nMU afpxI ijLMdgI aqy rfjsI ivcfrDfrf ivwc apxf ky dunIaF Br ivwc pRiswDI pRfpq kr leI sI. cIn vwloN dysL-bdr kr idwqy gey iqwbqI boDI afgU dlfeIlfmf nMU awj dunIaF Es dy aihMsfvfdI  rsqy kfrn hI Juk Juk slfmF krdI hY.

          iswK aksr pMjvyN aqy nOvyN gurU sihbfn dI sihxsLIlqf BrI kurbfnI df ijLkr krdy hn. jpujI sfihb ivwc qF gurU sfihb ny DrqI nMU “Drm qy dieaf” dy shfry KVI dwisaf hY.  DrqI iksy bld dy isMgF `qy KVI hY vfly purfqn imiQhfsk kQn nMU JUTlfAuNidaF gurU sfihb ny eys bld nMU “Drm qy dieaf” df puwq dwisaf hY. Bgq kbIr jI ny, afpxI rcnf ivwc hrjn (hrI nMU mMnx vflf iensfn jF DrmI pursL) iks iksm df hovy df ijLkr kridaF hrjn nMU rsqy df inmfxf ijhf roVf, rfh dI QUVH jF Gwtf qy pfxI vrgf pihlF ikafisaf aqy iPr rwd kr idwqf. rwd ies leI kr idwqf ikAuNik rsqy df inmfxf roVf vI iksy dy pYr ivwc vwj ky duwK dy skdf hY, rfh dI DUVH lokF df mUMh isr Gwty nfl Br skdI hY qy pfxI ivwc mOsm muqfibk kdy qwqf qy kdy TMzf hox dI “burI” afdq hY. Bgq jI ny gwl eyQy mukfeI hY ik hrI prmfqmf nMU mMnx vflf hrjn qF hrI vrgf hI hoxf cfhIdf hY, qy hrI prmfqmf hmysLf dieafvfn dwisaf igaf hY. muslmfn Drm ivwc qF hr kMm df sLRIgxysL (afrMB) krn smyN “ibsimlf rihmfny rhIm” df klfm Aucfiraf jFdf hY ijs df Bfv hI ieh hY ik iksy kMm dI sLurUafq Es rhIm (rwb) df nfm lY ky kr irhF hF jo hmysLf dieafvfn Bfv rihmqF krn vflf hY.

          eys dy Elt dunIaF ivwc hr pfsy Drm dy nfm `qy lokF ivwc vMzIaF pfAux dIaF lVfeIaF hr dysL ivwc iksy nf iksy rUp ivwc jo rhIaF hn. ikqy ieh lVfeI bMdUkF, bMbF qy aYtmI hiQafrF dy BMzfrF dy BYa nfl ho rhI hY, ikqy kfrtUnF nfl, ikqy klm nfl aqy ikqy afpxy Drm nMU dUjy nfloN vDyry kfrgr qy vDIaf dwsx dy DrmI pRcfr nfl.      awj ierfn nMU mfrU imjLfeIlF qy aYtmI bMb ies vfsqy cfhIdy hn ikAuNik eys ieslfimk rIpbilk nMU eIsfeI (amrIkf) aqy XhUdI iejLrfeIl qoN KLqrf hY. iejLrfeIl nMU aYtmI qfkq eys leI cfhIdI hY ikAuNik iejLrfeIl nMU “rihm-idl rfhIm” dy pYrokfr dysLF ny cfry pfisaF qoN Gyiraf hoieaf hY. pfiksqfn nMU aYtmI qfkq dI loV “ihMdU Bfrq” qoN bcx aqy “ieslfmik aYtmI bMb” df jnmdfqf bnx df mfx hfsl krn leI sI.

          Coty ijhy dysL sRI lMkf ivwc bIqy 20 sflF qoN ho rhI ihMsf ivwc hjLfrF lok jfnF guaf cuwky hn. aihMsf nMU pRnfey hoey ihMdU PlsPLy nMU mMnx vfly sRI lMkn qfiml afpxy lwkF nMU bMb bMnI iPrdy vyK ky qfimlF df ihMsk afgU pRBfkrn awj mhfqmf gFDI aqy ihMdU PlsPLy qoN vwD qfkqvr  ho igaf jfpdY. EsfmfvfdI muslmfn nOjvfn byksUr musfPLrF nfl Bry jhfjL nMU vrlz tryz sYNtr  ivwc mfr ky qbfhI mcfAuNdy vyK ky  ibn-lfidn hjLrq muhMmd qoN vwD mkbUl ho igaf jfpdY. qwq-qsIrI iswKF dI suxIeyN qF iBMzrFvflf awj iswK PlsPLy nMU mfq pf igaf jfpdY.

          bIqy 40 sfl qoN lwKF PlsqInI muslmfnF nMU bMdUk dy jLor `qy dysL-bdr krn vfly XhUdI hwk-swc dI lVfeI lVn df dfavf krdy hn. sRI lMkF ivwc jmdUq df ruqbf hfsl kr cuwky pRBfkrn dy smrQwk Es nMU ‘ajLfdI GulftIaf” dwsdy hn. sdIaF qoN ksLmIr ivwc vwsdy pMzqF nMU GrF qoN BjfAux vfly vfly ksLmIrI dihsLqgrd vI ajLfdI dI lVn df dfavy krdy hn qy 3 ku sO sfl pihlF hr rojL “svf mx kwcf” jMjU luhfky rotI KFdf dwisaf jFdf aOrMgjyLb vI DrmI aKvfAuNdf sI.

          pMjfb ivwc ihMsf dy dOr ivwc bwsF-gwzIaF `coN byksUrF nMU kwZ ky mfrn vfly vI Drm dI lVfeI lVn df hI dfavf kiraf krdy sn.  20 ku sfl pihlF sLONkI dIaF awKF dy sfhmxy hI 329 byksUrF df Biraf eyar ieMzIaf df jMbo jYWt “Drm dI lVfeI” qoN bVI byrihmI nfl kurbfn kr idwqf igaf sI. awj ikRpfnDfrI guriswK ieMdrjIq isMG irafq mfrU bMb bnfAux ivwc mddgfr hoxf qF mMndf hY pr ies kukrm ivwc ihwsydfr sfQIaF dy nfm dwsx qoN ienkfrI hY.

          dunIaF ivwc awj lVfeI isrPL iewk Drm dI dUjy Drm dy iKlfPL hI nhIN ho rhI sgoN iewko Drm dy pYrokfrF dI afpxy hI Drm dy iksy dUjy iPrky dy iKlfPL vI jLorF `qy cwl rhI hY. afirlYNz ivwc kYQoilk aqy prftYstYNt sMprdfvF dy eIsfeI bIqy 50 sflF qoN lhU-lohfx ho rhy hn. keI vfr hflq eynI Krfb ho jFdI hY ik iewk sMprdf dy iksy smfgm jF pryz nMU dUjy qoN bcfAux vfsqy puils, POj qy bKLqbMd gwzIaF qYnfq krnIaF pYNdIaF hn.

          pfiksqfn ivwc  awj vI aihmdIaf iPrky dy muslmfnF nMU suMnI aqy sLIaf muslmfn iPrky,  muslmfn hI nhIN mMndy. aihmdIaF dy kbrsqfn vwKry hn, msIqF vwKrIaF hn, msIqF dy duafr `qy kurfn dIaF afieqF nhIN ilK skdy pr kurfn iewk hI hY aqy pYrokfr vI iewk Kudf dy hI hn. pfiksqfn ivwc hI suMnI muslmfn bhu-igxqI iPrky aqy sLIaf muslmfn Gwt igxqI iPrky ivckfr aksr mfrDfV huMdI rihMdI hY. iewk dUjy dIaF msIqF `qy hmly kIqy jFdy hn qy hr sfl keI lok ies dI ByNt cVHdy hn. suMnI aqy sLIaf Psfd keI vfr Bfrq ivwc vI huMdy hn qy huMdy aPgfinsqfn ivwc vI hn. ierfk ivwc qF hux hwd hI ho geI hY ijwQy sLIaf aqy suMnI muslmfn iewk dUjy dy KUn dy ipafsy ho gey hn. ies hPLqy dOrfn ierfk dy sumfrf sLihr ivwc siQq iewk ieiqhfsk sLIaf msijd nMU bMbF nfl Auzf idwqf igaf hY ijs dy juvfb ivwc sLIaf bMdUkDfrIaF ny ierfk ivwc 90 sMunI msijdF `qy hmly kIqy hn. AuhnF msijdF `qy ijhnF ivwc Esy muhMmd nMU kurfn dy rUp ivwc ielhfm hoeI “bfxI” df pfT qy pRcfr kIqf jFdf hY ijs nMU sLIaf muslmfn afp afpxf iesLt mMndy hn.

          iDafn nfl vyKIey qF eIrfk ivwc jo ‘jlvy’ Drm ivKf irhf hY, vyK ky rwb dI hoNd `qy hI sLwk hox lwg jFdf hY. ierfk dy iqMny muwK iPrky ijhnF dI abfdI 98% dy krIb hY, iqMno hI muslmfn hn. ierfk dI 2% qoN Gwt vwsoN gYr-muslmfn hY aqy AuhnF `coN bhuqy eIsfeI hn. 98% vwsoN vfly lhU-luhfx ho rhy sLIaf, suMnI qy kurd  ieslfm dy DfrnI hn. muslmfn qF iqMno hn pr kurdF dI rys (nsl) vwKrI hY Auh kurd nsl dy hox kfrn afpxy afp nMU sLIaf aqy suMnI muslmfnF qoN vwKry smJdy hn. sLIaf aqy suMnI dovyN muslmfn vI hn aqy hn vI iewko nsl dy arb lok pr bxdI AuhnF dI vI nhIN hY ikAuNik AuhnF dI sMprdf vwKrI vwKrI hY.

          Kudf nMU ‘rihmfny rhIm’ afKx vfly hjLrq muhMmd sfihb dy kfrtUnF dy ivvfd ny hux qwk dunIaF ivwc 50 dy krIb lokF dIaF jfnF lY leIaF hn. dunIaF dy keI dysLF ivwc BfrI ihMsf hoeI hY, aMbYsIaF sfVHIaF geIaF hn qy kiQq ksUrvfrF nMU mOq dy Pqby suxfey gey hn aqy keI keI imlIan zflr dy ienfm rwKy gey hn.  nfeIjIrIaf ivwc ihMsf ies hwd qwk hoeI hY ik do drjn bMdy mfrn dy nfl nfl eIsfeIaF dy 11 igrjy vI sfVH PUk idwqy gey hn.

          iensfn bcpn qoN hI afpxy pirvfr, smfj, ieiqhfs aqy afspfs dy mhOl qoN iswKdf afieaf hY. Drm iensfn dy ivcfrF  `qy swB qoN vwD BfrU rihMdf hY.  Drm dy nfm `qy ho rhI ihMsf vyK ky iewk svfl sLONkI dy mn ivwc vfr vfr afAuNdf hY ik jy Drm sihxsLilqf isKfAuNdf hY qF iPr mnuwK aMdr  asihxsLIlqf ikwQoN af tpkdI hY?

          koeI jLmfnf sI jd iksy Kfs iKwqy ivwc vfprn vflIaF GtnfvF keI keI sfl jF keI keI sdIaF  sQfnk GtnfvF hI rihMdIaF sn.  awj dy globl-ivlYj ivwc nvIn qknIk dunIaF dy iksy dUr durfzy kony ivwc vfprI Gtnf vI imMtF ivwc sfrI dunIaF dy lokF dy GrF ivwc phuMcf idMdI hY. ihMsf aqy asihxsLIlqf idn-bfidn mfrU rUp aKiqafr krdI jf rhI hY.  ihMsf dy DfrnI iksy nf iksy bhfny ihMsf nMU jfiej TihrfAux vfsqy  koeI nf koeI kfrn lwB lYNdy hn. DrmI nukqy-inghf qoN ikMnI ku imkdfr ivwc ihMsf jfiejL ho skdI hY ies bfry sLONkI Bgq kbIr jI dIaF do qukF df hvflf dyxf cfhygf.

pfqI qorY mfilnI pfqI pfqI jIAu]

ijsu pfhn kAu pfqI qorY so pfhn inrjIAu] BUlI mflnI hY eyAu]

-pMnf 479

          iehnF qukF dy srl arQ kuJ ies qrF hn; bfg dI mflx Puwl qoVdI hY qy hr Pwul (pfqI pfqI) ivwc jfn hY pr ijs pwQr dI mUrqI (pfhn vfsqy mfilx Puwl qoVdI hY Auh mUrqI inrjfn (byjfn) hY. ies mfilx nMU koeI BulyKf lwg igaf hY.

          Bgq jI ny pwQr dI byjfn mUrq dI pUjf vfsqy Puwl nMU qoVn qwk dI “ihMsf” nMU vI jfiejL nhIN mMinaF ikAuNik bUty `qy tihkdf Puwl ijMLdf jfn vflf hY. jy Bgq jI dIaF iehnF qukF nMU pYmfnf bxf ky vriqaf jfvy qF dunIaF ivwc Gwto Gwt ihMsf nMU vI jfiejL TihrfAuxf musLkl ho jfvygf. Drm dI sLfn jF qOhIn df bdlf lYx vfsqy lokF dIaF jfnF lYxIaF qF dUr dI gwl hY.

-sLONkI ieMglYNzIaf

 


jnfb “iQVkU” dy kfrnfimaF kfrn ilbrl iKlry jLrUr jfpdy hn pr jnfb joa klfrk vflI stIvn hfrpr nfl vI ho skdI hY!

          pfl mfritn keI sfl lMbIaF goNdF guMdx qoN bfad jd dsMbr 2003 dy awD ivwc XF ikRqIaF qoN dysL dy pRDfn mMqrI df ahudf ‘Kohx’ ivwc kfmXfb ho igaf qF Auh acfnk hI bhuq kwdvfr afgU jfpx lwg ipaf sI. drasl mfritn Enf kwdvfr afgU sI nhIN ijMnf Aus dy ‘gYNg’ dI cflF aqy kucflF ny lokF nMU Bfsx lgf idwqf sI.  bVy anoKy aqy ivAuNqbMd ZMg nfl mfritn gYNg ny ilbrl pfrtI nMU afpxI mukMml lpyt ivwc lY ilaf sI. mfritn gYNg ny jo ilbrl pfrtI dy aMdr kr ivKieaf sI Auh sLfied hI dysL dI iksy rfjsI pfrtI dy ieiqhfs ivwc hoieaf hovy. trUzo vrgy ikRsLmYitk nyqf  nMU vI ilbrl pfrtI df afgU bnx qwk sKLq mukfbly df sfhmxf krnf ipaf sI aqy pfrtI aMdr ivcfrDfrf df “mukfblf” hI drasl pfrtI dI qfkq huMdI sI aqy mfritn dI afgU vjoN qkrIbn inrmukblf qfjLposLI hI ilbrl pfrtI dI aMdrUnI ivcfDfrk kmjLorI ho gujLrI sI.

          mfritn dy kwdvfr afgU hox dy Clfvy ny hI dysL dy lokF dy mnF ivwc Aus qoN rwKIaF jfx vflIaF afsF dy phfV KVy kr idwqy sn. mIzIey dIaF njLrF KLjLfnf mMqrI qoN pRDfn mMqrI bxy ‘kwdvfr’ mfritn dy nvyN ikRsLmy vyKx `qy lwgIaF hoeIaF sn. dysL dy mIzIey ny lokF, vpfrI vrg, buwDIjIvI vrg aqy ivsLlysLkF nMU,  nvyN mdfrI dy jOhr ivKfAux vfsqy dysL ivafpI mjmy dy rUp ivwc kyNdrq kIqf hoieaf sI.

          iewk sPLl vpfrI hox kfrn jnfb mfritn pYsy-tky dy ihsfb df qF mfstr sI pr kwdvfr afgU dy guxF dI guQlI Kohlx jogI krfmfq Aus kol nhIN sI. mfritn ny pRDfn mMqrI kursI df inwG ajy msF 2-3 mhIny hI mfixaF sI ik iewk pRisD afriQk mYgjLIn ny Aus nMU “jnfb iQVkU” df iKqfb dy idwqf sI. mYgjlIn ny mfritn nMU aMgryjLI ivwc “imstr izdrjL” iliKaf sI ijs df pMjfbI sLbd arQ “jnfb iQVkU” bxdf hY. ‘eIkfnoimst’ df ieh iKqfb dunIaF dIaF njLrF ivwc drasl mfritn dI CbI leI rIvrs gIar dI BivKbfxI sfbq hoieaf.

          sRI pfl mfritn nMU “jnfb iQVkU” df iKqfb ies mYgjLIn ny iksy ivroD Bfvnf vws nhIN sI idwqf, sgoN Es dI kuJ mhIinaF dI kfrgujLfrI aqy qrjLy aml nMU vyK ky idwqf sI.

          KLjLfnf mMqrI dy qOr `qy jnfb mfritn nMU isrPL iewk mMqrfly dI sMBfl hI krnI pYNdI sI. ivsLlysLk dwsdy hn ik mfritn nMU afpxy ivBfg dI hr PfeIl bfrIkI ivwc GoKx dI afdq sI. mMqrflf iewk hox kfrn ieMJ krnf sMBv sI ikAuNik sfl ivwc iewk hI bjwt pysL krnf huMdf hY aqy bfkI sfl ies bwjt dy afly-duafly hI GumMx vflI gwl huMdI hY. pwCmI dysLF dI afriQkqf iehnF sflF ivwc vDIaf ho qurI sI Kfs kr amrIkf dI afriQkqf ijs dy shfry kYnyzf dI ariQkqf irVdI hY, ijs df jnfb mfritn nMU lfB hoieaf. srkfrI KricaF ivwc AuhnF ktOqIaF BfvyN byikrk ho ky kIqIaF pr ies nfl srkfr df Krcf Gitaf aqy ilbrlF dI hor bwly bwly hoeI. sfl 1993 ivwc hoeIaF coxF ivwc torI pfrtI dI qkrIbn jVH puwtI geI sI aqy ies jgfH rIPfrm pfrtI ny lY leI sI. sMsd ivwc muwK ivroDI iDr bxI  rIPfrm pfrtI aqy ies df afgU prYstn mYinMg dysL df bjt Gftf dUr krn vfsqy srkfrI Krcy GtfAux dy hwk ivwc sI ijs kfrn mfritn nMU sMsd pfs krvfaUx ivwc ajyhf krn ivwc koeI  musLkl pysL nf afeI. swc qF ieh vI hY ik mfritn ny 1993 aqy 94 dOrfn zr zr ky pYr rwKy aqy sfl 1995 ivwc KricaF ivwc ktOqIaF df aslI dOr sLurU kIqf ijs df rIPfrm pfrtI ny koeI ivroD nf kIqf.

          KLjLfnf mMqrI hMuidaF jnfb mfritn nMU nf qF lok-sMprk df hI Bfr sI aqy nf smuwcI srkfr dI kfrgujLfrI leI hI juvfbdyh hoxf pYNdf sI. swuK nfl knyzIan isafsq dy hMzy-vrqy ilbrl afgU XF ikRqIaF dI Cqr-Cfieaf pfl mfritn nMU pRfpq sI. afpxy KLjLfnf ivBfg qoN bcdf smF mfritn jF qF afpxy vpfr (kYnyzf stIm isLp lfeIn) nMU vDfAux leI vrqdf sI aqy jF ikRqIaF nMU abI qoN qbI gwdIAuN lfhux leI sfijsLF GVHn vfsqy, qF ky Auh afp pRDfn mMqrI dI kursI `qy ibrfjmfn ho sky.

          pRDfn mMqrI dI kursI `qy ibrfjmfn ho ky vI jnfb mfritn ny hr PfeIl vyKx dI afpxI afdq nf iqafgI ijs nfl bhuqf smF kfgjLF dI Aulwd-plwd ivwc bIqx lwgf. ies nfl srkfrI mMqrfilaf dy aihm PYsly ipwCy pYx lwgy qy mMqrI hr kMm vfsqy mfritn dy mUMh vwl vyKx lwgy. mfritn dy Pyhl hox df ieh vI kfrn hY ik Aus dy mMqrI iewk iksm dIaF kwT-puqlIaF bx ky rih gey sn qy aslI qfkq (bymuhfrf qfkq) pI aYm E Bfv pRDfn mMqrI afiPLs dy hwQ af geI sI. ies nfl pRDfn mMqrI dy nfm `qy swqf dI vrqoN pI aYm E aiDkfrI krn lwg pey sn. mfritn dy njLdIkI igxy jFdy pI aYm E aiDkfrI, kuJ nMU Cwz ky bhuqy mMqrIaF, ilbrl sMsd mYNbrF aqy hor afgUaF nMU mfritn qoN dUr rwKx lwgy ijs nfl mfritn df “aslIaq” nfloN nfqf twut igaf. mfritn nMU ieh vI Buwl igaf ik sfbkf pRDfn mMqrI XF ikRqIaF ny KLjLfnf mMqrI mfritn nMU afpxf ivBfg clfAux dI pUrI Kuwl idwqI hoeI sI. pfl mfritn kol ijs kursI (pRDfn mMqrI dI) `qy kfbjL hox dI ivsqrq plfn sI Es `qy suafr ho ky krnf kI hY? jfpdY ies bfry Aus kol koeI plfn nhIN sI.

          mfritn ny bhuq sfl cflF cwl ky pRDfn mMqrI dI kursI hfsl kIqI sI aqy Aus ny dysL df pRbMD Esy qrjL `qy clfAux dI koisLsL kIqI ijs qrjL `qy Auh afpxy inwjI vpfr dI krdf sI. isrPL jI hjLUrIaF dy shfry swqy df afnMd mfnx dI lflsf kfrn hI mfritn ny sLIlf kfps qy mYnly vrgy purfxy tksflI ilbrl afgUaF dI CuwtI kr idwqI sI qy hfimltn dy tonI vlyrI vrgy “cfkrF” nMU mUhry lY aFdf sI.

          iehI Bfxf ilbrl pfrtI dy jQybMdk Zfcy dy aMdr vI vfpiraf sI ijwQy EhI afgU awgy rih gey sn ijhVy mfritn dy QVy dy sn bfkIaF dy ibsqry go l kr idwqy gey sn. mfritn mOKy jo ilbrl pfrtI dy aMdr hoieaf Auh qkrIbn EhI sI jo ieMdrF vyly kFgrs pfrtI dy aMdr hoieaf sI. Prk eyny hY ik ieMdrF  kFgrs kuJ sfl Dwky nfl ieh kuJ srkfr aqy dysL `qy vI lfgU kr geI sI pr mfrtnIey ajyhf krn ivwc sPLl nhIN ho sky. ieMdrF BgqF ny “ieMdrf iejL ieMzIaf aYNz ieMzIaf iejL ieMdrf” df nfhrf lfieaf sI. sfl 2004 aqy hux 2006 dIaF coxF mOky ilbrl AumIdvfrF dy cox PwitaF `qy “mfritnjL tIm” iliKaf igaf sI jo kdy pihlF nhIN sI vfpiraf. ies qoN ieh aMdfjLf lgfAuxf musLkl nhIN hY ik mfritn dy jI hjLUrIey mfritn nMU idE-kwd sfbq krn vfsqy iks hwd qwk cly gey sn.

          iehnF coxF ivwc vI mfritn dI ilbrl pfrtI dI cox kMMpyn ivwc  ijhnF 5-6 afgUaF df bolbflf irhf Auh isafsI afgU hI nhIN sn, kwdvfr isafsI afgU hoxf qF dUr dI gwl hY. mfritn dy iehnF njLdIkIaF ivwc sLfml sn kMpyn ko-cyar zyivz hrlI, kMpyn zrYktr kfrl iltr, kimAUnIkysLn gurU skft rIaz, cIPL afPL stfPL itm mrPI, slfhkfr msLYl kdyr qy tYrI E-lYrI. coxF ivwc hoeI hfr qoN bfad kuJ nfmvr ilbrlF ny “mfritn dI ikcn kYbint” dy rol aqy hfr dI pVcol bfry Gusrmusr sLurU kIqI hY. iewk rport muqfibk trUzo dy smyN df ilbrl afgU tfm aYgjLvrdI ies aMdrUnI pVcol dI rihnfmueI krygf. ilbrl mfritn - ikRqIaF pfVy nMU Brn bfry soc rhy hn pr mfritn smrQk ajy vI pfrtI aMdr pUrI qrF Cfey hoey hn.

ilbrlF `c ilbrl afgUaF dI Gft aqy

‘lUlI-BitafrI’ afgU bnx dI dOV `c!

          cox hfr vflI rfq nMU hI jnfb mfritn ny ilbrl pfrtI dy afgU dI kursI KflI krn df aYlfn kr idwqf sI. ieh iewk aYlfn hI sI ikAuNik jnfb mfritn ny awjy vI iewk lwq etys kursI `qy6 rwKI hoeI hY aqy dujI jLmIn `qy. qknIkI rUp ivwc mfritn ajy vI ilbrl afgU hY BfvyN Aus ny aYkitMg afgU sfbkf rwiKaf mMqrI ibl gRyhm nMU bxf idwqf hY. mfritn dy asqIPLy dy aYlfn qoN bfad keI ilbrlF dy nfm afgU vjoN ley jfx lwgy sn ijhnF ivwc sfbkf pRImIar mkYnf, brfien toibn, jfhn mYnly qy aYln rfk vrgy afgUaF df nfm ilaf jf irhf sI. iewk iewk krky ieh sfry hux nFh kr cwky hn pr sMBv hY ik kwl nMU iPr hF kr dyx. ilbrlF ivwc iksy ‘hYvI-vyt’ afgU dI hF dI Gft kfrn hux hr lUlI-BitafrI df nfm hI afgU bnx dy cfhvfnF ivwc ilaf jfx lwg ipaf hY. mIzIey ny ajyhf nfvF df vI ijLkr krnf sLurU kr idwqf hY ijhnF nMU koeI jfxdf hI nhIN hY aqy jF ijhnF dI ilbrl pfrtI aqy ilbrl PlsPLy nMU keI dyx hI nhIN hY. sLONkI nMU qF ieMJ vI jfpx lwg ipaf hY ik sLfied ilbrl pfrtI aMdr ilbrl afgUaF dI Gft hI pYdf ho geI hY.

          ijhnF nfvF df afgU dI dOV ivwc hux ijLkr ho irhf hY AuhnF ivwc keI “qurq sjy” ilbrl sLfml hn. bIbI bilMzf df nfm bVy jLor sLor nfl ilaf jfx lwg ipaf hY pr hr koeI jfxdf hY ik bIbI bilMzf bIqy sfl meI mhIny qwk kMsrvtv pfrtI dI aflfH drjy dI afgU hI nhIN sI sgoN kMsrvtv pfrtI dI afgU bnx dI cox vI lV cuwkI hY. eysy qrF mfritn srkfr dy sfbkf pbilk vrks mMqrI skft brfeIsn  df nfm  ies dOV ivwc ilaf jf irhf hY aqy jnfb brfiesn vI kMsrvtv aYm pI sI aqy kMsrvtv pfrtI df afgU bnx df cfhvfn vI sI qy Aus ny ieh cox vI asPlqf nfl lVI sI. kMsrvtv pfrtI Cwz ky ilbrl byVy `qy svfr ho ky dysL df pihlf zklyarz smilMgI kYbint mMqrI bixaF brfiesn hux ilbrl afgU dI cox lVn df ieCuk dwisaf jFdf hY. eysy qrF EntyrIE dy sfbkf aYn zI pI pRImIar bfb rya df nfm vI BrpUr crcf ivwc hY jo AuWjl dosFJ vFg aYn zI pI nMU alivdf afK ky ilbrlF dI suafrI kr skdf hY. jy jnfb dosFJ vI afgU bnx dI cfhq rwKdy hox qF ilbrl pfrtI aMdr ‘gYr-ilbrl” afgUaF df pwlVf hor BfrU ho jfvygf. eItobIko sfAUQ hlky qoN ijwqy mfeIkl agnfcPL df nfm vI ilbrl dOV ivwc ilaf jf irhf pr Auh vI bIqy 30 ku sfl qoN dysL qoN bfhr pRoPYsrI krdf irhf hY aqy iehnF coxF qoN aYn pihlF hI dysL priqaf sI ies leI Aus nMU vI pUrf ilbrl afKxf glq hovygf.

hfrpr nfl klfrk vflI hovygI?

          Gwt igxqI srkfr dy pRDfn mMqrI sRI hfrpr n y dysL dI sMsd df iejlfs 3 aprYl nMU bulfieaf hY aqy hux ies iejlfs ivwc gvrnr jnrl vwloN pVHI jfx vflI “Qron spIc” dI iqafrI ho rhI hY. gvrnr jnrl dI ieh spIc dysL dI srkfr dI pfilsI aqy pRogrfm dI qsvIr huMdI hY ijs `qy sMsd aMdr BrpUr bihs huMdI hY. hfrpr srkfr ies spIc ivwc afpxy cox vfaidaF df ijLkr krygI aqy iewk iewk krky iehnF nMU pfs aqy lfgU krvfAux dI koisLsL krygI. srkfr df aglf kMm bjwt pysL aqy pfs krvfAuxf hovygf jo Gwt igxqI srkfr vfsqy phfV ijwzf kMm hY. ies dOrfn hfrpr srkfr izg jfx dy keI mOky pYdf hoxgy aqy ieh iqMn ivroDI pfrtIaF `qy hI inrBr krygf ik Auh kI krnf cfhuMdIaF hn. aYkitMg ilbrl afgU ibl gRfhm ny qF ivroDI iDr dy afgU vjoN hfrpr srkfr df hr moV `qy ivroD krn df aYlfn kr hI idwqf hY. hux jy hfrpr srkfr cwlygI qF aYn zI pI aqy blfk nfl lYx-dyx kr ky hI cwlygI.

          stIvn hfrpr dI awj dI Gwt igxqI srkfr aqy ilbrlF vloN afpxf afgU bdly jfx dI sMBfvnf nMU vyK ky meI 1979 dIaF coxF qoN bfad hoNd ivwc afeI kMsrvtv afgU joa klfrk dI Gwt igxqI srkfr nfl vfpiraf Bfxf Xfd af jFdf hY.  joa klfrk ny 1979 dIaF coxF ivwc nfmvr ilbrl afgU pIar aYlIat trUzo dI pfrtI nMU hrf ky Gwt igxqI srkfr df gTn kIqf sI. Es smyN dy 301 sItF dy hfAUs ivwc kMsrvtv pfrtI ny 136 sItF ijwqIaF sn qy trUzo dI agvfeI vflI ilbrl pfrtI dy hwQ isrPL 114 sItF afeIaF sn. hfr kfrn jnfb trUzo ny pfl mfritn vFG asqIPf dy idwqf sI aqy ilbrl pfrtI ny nvyN afgU dI Bfl sLurU kr idwqI sI.

          joa klfrk dI Gwt igxqI srkfr nMU afs sI ik ilbrl afpxy nvyN afgU dI qlfsL kr rhy hn ies krky kMsrvtv srkfr nMU kuJ smyN leI koeI KLqrf nhIN hY. ies afs ivwc joa klfrk dI srkfr ny afpxf pfilsI pRogrfm pUry mJy nfl lfgU krnf sLurU kr idwqf sI. KLjLfnf mMqrI jfn krfsbI vwloN pysL kIqy kMsrvtvF dy pihly bjwt iKLlfPL aYn zI pI dy kwc-Emry aYm pI bfb rya ny byBrosgI df mqf pysL kr idwqf sI. Esy bfb rya ny jo bfad ivwc EntyrIE df pRImIar bixaF aqy awj ijs dy ilbrl afgU bnx leI cox lVy jfx dy crcy ho rhy hn.  bfb rya Es smyN torFto dy brfzivAU grInvuwz hlky qoN cox ijwq ky sMsd mYNbr bixaF sI. klfrkI kMsrvtvF nMU afs sI ik afgU dI Bfl ivwc ruwJy ilbrl jnfb bfb rya dy mqy dy hwk ivwc Bugq ky klfrk dI srkfr nhIN zygxgy. pr hoieaf aYn ies dy Elt jf ilbrl bfb rya dy mqy dy hwk ivwc Bugq gey aqy klfrk dI Gwt igxqI srkfr Tfh kr ky izwg geI.

          nvIaF coxF df ibgul vwj igaf qy kuJ aflHf ilbrl afgUaF ny Gr bYTy trUzo nMU muV pfrtI dI rihnumfeI krn vfsqy rfjLI kr ilaf. nvIaF coxF hoeIaF aqy trUzo dI agvfeI hyT ilbrl pfrtI ny coxF ijwq ky bhumwq hfsl kr ilaf. afpxI aglI, aslI aqy afKrI rItfiermYNt qrIk 30 jUn 1984 qwk jnfb trUzo kYnyzf dy pRDfn mMqrI rhy.

          kihMdy hn “ihstrI rIpIts ietsYlP” aqy ies vfr iPr ajyhf vfpr skdf hY. BfvyN jnfb mfritn afpxf asqIPLf dy cuwky hn aqy ilbrl afgU dI cox leI kuJ srgrmI sLurU vI ho geI hY. coxF dI rfq 23 jnvrI nMU ijs nftkI ZMg nfl jnfb mfritn ny asqIPLf dyx df aYlfn kIqf sI Auh AuhnF idwqf nhIN hY. sfPL aqy pwky asqIPLy dI jgfH AuhnF qknIkI lIzr afpxy nfm rwK leI hY aqy kfrjkfrI ilbrl afgU ibwl gRfhm nMU bxf idwqf hY. ilbrl pfrtI qy ajy vI mfritn df pUrf kbjLf hY qy aMdrUnI iKwcoqfx vI pUry jobn `qy hY. koeI vI nfmvr afgU ajy mfritn df bdl bnx leI awgy nhIN afieaf. jnfb ibwl gRfhm ny qF ieh itwpxI vI kr idwqI hY ik ilbrl afgU (ivroDI iDr)  vjoN hfrpr srkfr df ivroD krnf AuhnF  df prm Drm hY. pr AuhnF nfl hI ieh vI afK idwqf hY ik jy srkfr izwgdI hY qF ilbrl pfrtI nMU Auh jF mfritn aglIaF coxF ivwc lIz nhIN krngy. iPr kOx krygf? ieh awj imlIan zflr df svfl hY. mfritn gYNg pfrtI aMdr afpxy awj dy bddby dy shfry mfritn muV pfrtI `qy Tosx df pUrf Xqn krygf. tksflI ilbrl muV hfr nfloN afgU bdlx vfsqy hwQ pYr mfrngy. pqf qF ieh vI lwgf hY ik ilbrl pfrtI dI kfrjkfrnI ajyhy sMBfvnf nMU ivcfr vI cwukI hY aqy mfritn nMU iksy acfnk pYdf hoeI hflq df lfB dyx leI vI iqafr hY pr iewk sLrq hyT. aqy ieh sLrq hY mfritn dI ikcn kYbint (mfritn gYNg) nMU ptVI qoN lfh ky rwKx dI jo jnfb mfritn nMU ajy mnjLUr hoeI nhIN dwsI jFdI.  jy hfrpr srkfr acfnk tuwt jFdI hY qF ilbrl kfrjkfrnI vwloN afpxI sLrq vfps lY lYxf jF jnfb pfl mfritn vwloN ies nMU pUrI qrF mMn lYxf, dovyN hI sMBv hn.

-        sLONkI ieMglYNzIaf


 

pqf nhIN ikhVf ‘nfn-sitk’ PfrmUlf ilbrlF dy hwQ afieaf hoieaf hY ijs nfl AuhnF dy vwzy vwzy ‘pfp’ vI ibnF JrIt mfiraF hI iqlk jFdy ny!

 

          huxy hoeIaF coxF ivwc ilbrlF ny dysL dy iqMn mhF ngrF torFto, vYnkUvr aqy mFtrIal ivwc kMsrvtv pfrtI dy AuWkf hI pYr nhIN lwgx idwqy.  vYnkUvr aqy torFto ivwc aYn zI pI ny hlkI ijhI twkr ilbrlF nMU jLrUr idwqI hY. sLONkI nf cfhuMidaF hoieaF vI ieh gwl mMnx nMU iqafr hY ik ilbrlF ivwc koeI krfmfq qF jLrUr hY ijs dy sdky  ilbrl hfr qF jLrUr gey hn pr burI qrF nhIN hfry ijs dI ik keI cox srvyKx BivKbfxI krdy sn.

          AuNJ ilbrl burI qrF hfry hn jF burI qrF nhIN hfry ies bfry hr iksy df ivcfr alwg alwg ho skdf hY aqy ieh mfpx vfly dy pYmfny `qy inrBr krdf hY. jd sLONkI pfl mfritn dI bIqy 7-8 sfl qoN ho rhI bwly bwly dy pYmfny nfl ilbrlF dI hfr nMU mfpdf hY qF burI qrF hfr hoeI  jfpdI hY. aqy jd cox srvyKxF dI BivKbfxI dy pYmfny nfl mfpIey qF burI qrF hfry nhIN jfpdy. eys qrF jd sLONkI pfl mfritn df lwiQaf hoieaf ichrf aqy cknfcUr ho gey supny vyKdf hY qF hfr burI qrF hoeI jfpdI hY pr jd iqMn mhF ngrF dy sLihrIaF vwloN awKF mIc ky ilbrlF dy hwk ivwc kfty mfry vyKdf hY qF hfr hlkI hoeI jfpdI hY.

          jd sLONkI ilbrl lIzrisLp dy mYdfn ivwcoN vwzy vwzy mhFrQI Bwj rhy vyKdf hY qF ilbrlF dI hfr hwz BMnvIN jfpdI hY pr jd mfritnvfdIaF dI ilbrl pfrtI `qy ajy vI bxI hoeI pkVH vyKdf qF hfr dI izgrI hlkI jfpx lwg pYNdI hY aqy mfritn ajy vI prdy ipwCy qxIaF ihlf irhf jfpdY.

          iehnF coxF ivwc 250 imlIan zflr dy spFsrisLp skYNzl ny ilbrlF dy msF JrIt hI mfrI hY jy ikqy iehI skYNzl kMnsrvtvF ny kIqf huMdf qF AuhnF dIaF sfrI pwslIaF Bwj jfxIaF sn.

          jwj gMmrI dI pihlI rport nfl ilbrl ieh sfbq krn ivwc qkrIbn kfmXfb rhy sn ik pfl mfritn df qF Es skYNzl ivwc koeI ksUr hI nhIN sI  aqy jy sI qF sfbkf pRDfn mMqrI XF ikRqIaF dy toly df hI sI. hflF ky sfbkf pRDfn mMqrI XF ikRqIaF ny sfPL ikhf sI ik jo ikRqIaF nMU pqf sI EhI mfritn nMU vI pqf sI. mfritn sI vI ikRqIaF dI srkfr ivwc dUjy drjy df mMqrI aqy KLjLfnf mMqrI hox kfrn pYsy-tky dIaF qxIaF sn vI pfl mfritn dy hwQ ivwc pr skYNzl pfl mfritn dy srIr qoN gMgf jl vFg iqlk igaf sI.

          dUjy pfsy vyKo  kMsrvtv pRDfn mMqrI brfien mlrUnI dy vkq eyar kYnyzf vfsqy XUrp dI eyar bws kMpnI qoN jhfjL KrIdy gey sn qy ilbrlF ny mlrUnI `qy ikwk-bYk (vwZI) lYx dy dosL lgfey sn. mlrUnI ny kYnyzf dI ilbrl srkfr `qy hwqk-iejLq df dfavf Tok idwqf sI ijs ivwc ikRqIaF dI kmFz hyTlI kYnyzf srkfr muafPLI mMg ky aqy Krcf dy ky CuwtI sI pr iehnF coxF dOrfn vI mlrUnI dy eys sfbq nf ho sky kiQq skYNzl dI dMd-kQf cwldI rhI sI.

          brfien mlrUnI ny afpxy 8 ku sfl dy rfj kfl dy dUjy awD ivwc 7% jI aYs tI aqy amrIkf nfl PrI-tryz lfgU kIqf sI ijs dI ilbrlF ny BfrI muKlPLq kIqI sI. ilbrlF ny mlrUnI dy ieh dovyN kMm ijwqdy sfr hI qmfm kr dyx df ilKqI vfadf afpxI 1993 dI ‘rYz-bwuk” ivwc kIqf sI ijs dy ilKxhfiraF ivwcoN pfl mfritn iewk aihm swjx sI. 1993 dIaF coxF ijwqdy sfr hI ilbrl iehnF dovyN vfidaF qoN sfPL mukr gey sn aqy pfl mfritn ny qF ieh vI afK idwqf sI ik AuhnF (ilbrlF) qoN ieh vfady axjfxpuxy (afinst-imstyk) ivwc ho gey sn. sLYqfn dI aOlfd ilbrlF ny iehnF dovF df BFzf kMsrvtvF isr BMinaF aqy copVIaF afp CkIaF qy CkIaF vI dysL dy Es mIzIey dy isr `qy jo afpxy afp nMU inrpwK aqy lok pwKI dwsdf hY ijs ivwc torFto stfr, glob aYNz myl aqy sI bI sI vrgy muDkr sLfml hn. jI aYs tI ny ilbrlF leI sony df aMzf dyx vflI murgI df kMm kIqf ijs nfl srkfr dIaF qjOrIaF tYks nfl Brn lwgIaF aqy PrI-tryz ny pihlF amrIkf dI mfrkIt aqy iPr amrIkf rsqy mYksIko dI mfrkIt kYnyzf vfsqy Kohl idwqI. sLurU ivwc BfvyN keI kMpnIaF bMd hox kfrn nuksfn hoieaf pr jd vpfrI vrg ny nvyN injfm dI toh hfsl kr leI qF 2-3 sflF ivwc lfB vwD qy nuksfn Gwt huMdf ivKfeI dyx lwg ipaf. lfB vwD huMdf vyK ky ilbrl afpxy cox vfady qoN clfkI nfl mukr gey aqy hYrq kI bfq jy hY ik lokF ny mukry hoey ilbrlF nMU iPr vI pRvfn kr ilaf.

 

          dUjy pfsy vyKo hnyr sFeIN df jd 25 jUn 1984 ivwc brfien mlrUnI kYnyzf df pRDfn mMqrI bixaF sI qF 30 aprYl 1959 nMU torFto ivwc jnimaF stIvn hfrpr isrPL 25 ku virHaF df nOjvfn sI aqy knyzIan isafsq dy nyVy qyVy vI nhIN sI Zuikaf. jd stIvn ny afpxf isafsI jIvn sLurU kIqf qF kIqf vI rIPfrm pfrtI qoN jo mlrUnI dI kMnsrvtv pfrtI dI dusLmx sI. sn 2003 dy aMq ivwc stIvn sFJI kMsrvtv pfrtI df afgU bixaF pr mlrUnI dy vylyL df jI aYs tI aqy amrIkf nfl hoey PrI-tryz df KimafjLf stIvn hfrpr nMU iehnF coxF ivwc Bugqxf ipaf. ilbrlF dy Zfhy cVH cuwky votr stIvn dI kMsrvtv pfrtI nMU mlrUnI dy kIqy leI kos rhy sn aqy ijhnF ilbrlF ny mlrUnI dy kIqy dI mlfeI nfl copV copV 13 sfl KfdIaF sn AuhnF ilbrlF nMU TIk dws rhy sn. ‘Kfx-pIx nMU bFdrI qy tMby Kfx nMU irwC’ df ikRsLmf krn vfly ilbrlF dy “TwgI hunr” dI dfd dyxI bxdI hY. iehnF coxf qoN kuJ idn pihlF pfl mfritn dIaF zrfAuxIaF aYzF sux ky keI lok qF ieh afKx lwg pey sn ik hfrpr Es pfrtI df hY ijs ny PrI-tyrz kIqf sI qy jI aYs tI lgfieaf sI, aqy ieh afgU dysL nMU amrIkf dI kwTpuqlI bxf dyvygf. sLONkI nMU  iek vI sLrIPXfdf aYsf nhIN sI imilaf ijs ny ilbrlF `qy 1993 ivwc PrI-tyrz aqy jI aYs tI KLqm krn df vfadf kr ky mukrn df dosL lfieaf hovy. amrIkf nfl PrI tyrz aqy jI aYs tI df dysL dI srkfr nMU lfB ikvyN hoieaf df ijLkr sLONkI kdy iksy hor TukvyN mOky krygf.

          ilbrlF ny dysL ivwc gMn rijstrI krn df iewk pRogrfm pRDfn mMqrI XF ikRqIaF vyly sLurU kIqf ijs df mMqv gYr-kfnUMnI hiQafrF nMU kfbU krnf sI. ieh kMm ilbrl srkfr 2 ku imlIan zflr ivwc krnf cfhuMdI sI aqy iPr 20 ku imlIan df Krcf hox dy aMdfjLy idwqy gey. aMq ivwc ies kfrj `qy do iblIan zflr dy krIb Krcf hoieaf qy kMm iPr vI aDUrf hI irhf. iewk aMgryjLI aKLbfr dI kfqr ies pRogrfm bfry ieMJ afKdI hY, “The program was supposed to cost a modest $2 million, but mismanagement and cost overruns pushed the eventual price tag to 1,000 times that amount.” iksy mfeI dy lfl ny ilbrlF nMU lokF dI lhU psIny dI kmfeI roV dyx df dosL nhIN idwqf qy Eltf jd coxF qoN pihlF torFto ivwc vwD rhI ihMsf df rOlf ipaf qF pRDfn mMqrI pfl mfritn ny torFto dy jyn aqy iPMc ielfky ivwc af ky lokF nMU “hYNz gMn bYn” krn df cogf pf idwqf aqy dysL dI ilbrl pRYs ny ieh cogf Qok dy Bfa lokF nMU vMizaf. mfritn aqy Es dI ilbrl pfrtI nMU votrF ny ieh nf puwiCaf ik gMn rijstrI `qy Krcy do iblIan dy krIb zflrF df kI bixaF? aqy hux “hYNz gMn bYn” ikvyN aqy ikMny ku Krcy nfl lfgU hovygf? qy kI awj dI ihMsf rijstr krvfey gey hiQafrF nfl huMdI hY ijs `qy bYn lgf ky kfbU pf ilaf jfvygf? iewk vfr iPr ilbrlF df JUT dysL dI pRYs dy pwKpfqI rvIey kfrn kfmXfbI nfl cwl igaf qy mIzIaf ilbrlF dy kfry lukfAux vfsqy stIvn hfrpr qy Es dI pfrtI nMU “rYz-nYk” goiraF dI pfrtI bxf ky pRcfrdf irhf jo rMgdfr lokF dI dusLmx dwsI jFdI rhI, AuhnF rMgdfr lokF dI dusLmx ijhnF nfl dysL dy iqMn mhF ngr torFto, vYnkUvr aqy mFtrIal Bry pey hn.

          gwl iemIgrMtF nfl Bry iqMn mhF ngrF dI ho rhI hY ijwQy ilbrlF nMU votF dIaF pMzF Qok ivwc peIaF hn. ilbrl 30 sfl pihlF ilbrl pRDfn mMqrI jnfb pIar aYlIat trUzo vwloN ivjLtrF nMU lYNizz styts leI aplfeI krn dy idwqy gey aiDkfr (amnYstI) nMU iPr kYsL krn ivwc kfmXfb rhy hn. EhI mfritnvfdI ilbrl ijhnF iemIgMrtF `qy 1475 zflr df hYWz tYks Tok ky keI keI sO imlIan zflr lokF qoN btoiraf hY. EhI mfritnvfdI ilbrl ijhnF mMgyqr dI klfjL KLqm kr idwqI sI, lfst mYNbr afPL df PYmlI dI klfjL Kqm kr idwqI sI aqy mfipaF dy kys TMzy bsqy ivwc  pf ky  pMj pMj sfl lMbIaF lfeInF lgf idwqIaF sn. EhI ilbrl ijhnF meI 2004 ivwc srkfr izwgdI vyK ky spFsr kIqy jf cuwky mfipaF nMU mltIpl ivjLtr vIjLy dyx df vfadf kIqf pr pUrf kdy nf kIqf. eys qfjLf vfady qoN mukrn df nf koeI nuksfn ilbrl pfrtI nMU iqMn mhFngrF ivwc hoieaf, nf ieh aYlfn krn vfly ilbrl mMqrI joa volpy df vfl ivMgf hoieaf aqy nf afpxy hlky ivwc Zol Zmwky nfl ieh Pokf aYlfn krvfAux vflI bIbI rUbI Zflf nMU koeI Prk ipaf. volpy vwloN meI 2004 ivwc ieh aYlfn krn smyN Es dy swjy Kwby KVy mwlI, bYNs qy kolIn vrgy vI ibnF syk lwigaF iPr cuxy gey.

          ilbrlF ny 1993 ivwc afpxy “rYWz buwk” nfm dy cox mnorQ pqr ivwc iemIgrMtF nfl dysL dI abfdI dy 1% brfbr hr sfl nvyN iemIgrMtf ilafAux df ilKqI vfadf kIqf pr 13 sfl kdy vI pUrf nf kIqf. iemIgrMt iPr vI iehnF coxF ivwc ilbrlF dI kwTpuqlI bx ky nwcy.

          dUjy pfsy kMsrvtv pRDfn mMqrI brfien mlrUnI ny afpxy kfrjkfl ivwc vwzI amnYstI idwqI ijs hyT trUzo vflI amnYstI qoN vwD lok pwky hoey. PYlmI rI-XUnIPIkyysLn hyT mlrUnI dy kfrjkfl ivwc mfipaF aqy pirvfrF nMU qyjLI nfl iemIgrysLn idwqI geI mlrUnI srkfr dy afKrI sfl ivwc iqMn lwK qoN vwD iemIgrMtf kYnyzf afey jo ik awj qwk iewk rIkfrz bixaF hoieaf hY pr kMsrvtv iPr vI iemIgrMtF dy dusLmx grdfny jf rhy hn. brfien mlrUnI ny iemIgrMtF dy iKlry pirvfr iewkwTy krn vfsqy “lfst rImyinMg mYNbr afPL df PYmlI” dI klfjL lY ky aFdI ijs aDIn agr sfrf pirvfr kYnyzf af jfvy aqy isrP iewk mYNbr ipwCy rih jfvy Es nMU kYnyzf ilafAux df aiDkfr idwqf igaf sI. ies kYtfgrI hyT hjLfrF lok kYnyzf afey pr ilbrlF ny 1993 ivwc qfkq ivwc afAuNdy sfr hI ieh klfjL KLqm kr idwqI pr iemIgrMtF aqy ilbrlF dy ipafr ivwc koeI kmI nf afeI.

          bIqy hPLqy gurdvfrf sfihb dy lMgr hfl dI kMD nfl duwD dy mUhdy mfry kryt `qy bYTy sOLNkI nMU iewk swjx ny iewk swcI sfKI suxf ky hYrfn kr idwqf. swjx jI ny dwisaf ik Aus dI kMpnI ivwc iewk idn iehnF coxF bfry gwl ho rhI sI qF iewk nOjvfn pMjfbI bIbI ny ilbrlF nMU iemIgrMtf pwKI aqy kMsrvtvF nMU iemIgrMtF dy dusLmx grdfnidaF  bVy mfx nfl ikhf ik Aus dy sfry pirvfr ny ilbrlF nMU Tok-vjf ky votF pfeIaF hn. iek kol bYTy bjLurg ny bIbI nMU sihj nfl puwiCaf ik kMsrvtv iemIgrMtF dy dusLmx ikvyN hoey? bIbI koeI Tos sbUq qF nf dy skI pr ieh afKx lwgI ik  ilbrl iemIgrMtF dy hwk dI pfrtI hY qy kMsrvtv iemIgrMtF dI ivroDI pfrtI hY. BMblBUsy ivwc peI bIbI nMU bjLurg ny jd ilbrlF dy kukrm igxfey aqy nfl hI brfien mlrUnI dy rfjkfl ivwc iemIgrMt pwKI nIqIaF df ijLkr kridaF “lfst rImyinMg mYNbr afPL df PYmlI” bfry dwisaf qF bIbI Jwt bol peI ik Auh qF afp ies dysL ivwc brfien mlrUnI dI lfgU kIqI geI eysy “lfst rImyinMg mYNbr afPL df PYmlI” dI klfjL hyT afeI sI. bIbI afpxy khy aqy kIqy `qy sLrmsfr qF hoeI pr Es df pirvfr pihlF hI afpxIaF votF ilbrlF nMU iemIgrMtF dy hmdrd smJ ky ardfs krvf cwukf sI.

          smilMgI sLfdIaF dy kfnUMnIkrn dy mfmly ivwc vI ilbrlF ny dysL, smfj aqy kudrq nfl DoKf kIqf sI. 1999 ivwc sMsd ivwc iewk vwiZAuN hI mrd-aOrq sLfdIaF dy hwk ivwc votF pfAux vfly ilbrl 2004 ivwc cfrtr df  bhfnf bxf ky kudrq dy sLrIk bx bYTy sn. ilbrlF dy eys pfp df iemIgrMtF ny swB qoN vwD ivroD kIqf. iswK, ihMdU, musilm, eIsfeI aqy XhUdI Drm dy pYrokfr ilbrlF nMU mx mx pwky dIaF gflFH kwZx lwg pey sn. ilbrlF ny kuJ smF bysLrmI BrI sihxsLIlqf nfl gflFH KfdIaF pr aMdro aMdr lokF dy idmfg GumfAux vfly rMg-brMgy mIzIey nMU KrIddy rhy. “ilbrl sfgr” vrgy mIzIey dI mdd  nfl iblrlF ny lokF nMU “Gwt-igxqI” hwkF df sbk dyxF ies ZMg nfl sLurU kr idwqf ik votF vfly idn qwk lok smilMgI sLfdIaF nMU Bwul gey qy “Gwt igxqI” hwkF dy rfiKaF df nfm jpdy jpdy ilbrlF dy Kfny ivwc kfty mfr afey. awj vI iksy nMU smilMgI sLfdIaF bfry puwCo qF lok Jwt ies df ivroD krdy hn aqy hfrpr qoN mrd-aOrq sLfdIaF dI bhflI dI afs krdy hn. smilMgI smrQkF nMU votF pf ky hfrpr nMU hwQkVIaF ivwc jkiVaf pRDfn mMqrI bxfAux vfly lok “ijMnf guVH pfAuxf EnF hI imwTf hoxf” df aKfx Buwl bYTy hn.

          sLONkI nMU imilaf iewk swjx jo coxF mOky ilbrlF nMU votF pfAux df hokf idaf krdf sI hux hfrpr qoN iemIgrMtF vfsqy vwzIaF vwzIaF CotF dIaF afsF lfeI bYTf hY. aKy jy vwzIaF CotF dy dyvy qF aglI vfr hfrpr nMU votF pf dyvFgy. ilbrlF nMU iemIgrysLn ivwc ktOqIaF qy hYWz tYks bdly votF pfAux vfly hux hfrpr qoN afsF lfeI bYTy hn.

          EntyrIE dy pRImIar jnfb mgYNtI ny hux “ilbrl cfielz kyar” nMU bcfAux df rOlf pf idwqf hY ijs nMU Auh “nYsLnl cfeIlz kyar” df nfm idMdf hY. swc qF ieh hY ik ilbrlF ny 1993 ivwc “nYsLnl cfielz kyar” df vfadf afpxI rYWz buwk ivwc kIqf jLrUr sI pr 13 sfl ajyhI koeI plfn lfgU nhIN kIqI. afpxI sfK izwgdI vyK ky pfl mfritn ny iehnF coxF qoN pihlF sUibaF nfl vwK vwK rMgF dy smJOqy krky cfielz kyar pRogrfmF vfsqy agly 5 sflF leI 5 iblIan zflr dyx df vfadf kr ilaf. jd hfrpr ny afpxI cfielz kyar pflsI lokF sfhmxy rwKI ijs ivwc 6 sfl qoN Gwt Aumr dy bwicaF dy mfipaF nMU pRqI bwcf 1200 zflr slfnf dyx aqy hr sfl 250 imlIan zya-kyar sYNtrF `qy Krcx df aYlfn kIqf qF pfl mfritn ny Jwt afpxI plfn nMU sn 2015 qwk vDf ky kul 11 iblIan Krcx df aYlfn kr idwqf. ijs df arQ ieh vI inkldf hY sI ik mfritn sn 2015 qwk sLfied rfj krn dI afs lfeI bYTf sI. ilbrl ieh vI Bwl gey sn ik “nYsLnl cfielz kyar” pRogrfm lfgU krn vfsqy kOmI plfn dI loV hY ijs ivwc iewksurqf hovy nf ky sUibaF dI jyb ivwc zflr pf ky, ijs nMU koeI vI sUbf ijvyN mrjLI Krcdf iPry.

          sLONkI vrgy bjLurg leI ilbrlF dIaF sfrIaF kuvwlIaF ignxIaF bhuq aOKIaF pr sLONkI awj do ku horF df ijLkr jLrUr krnf cfhygf. kYnyzf dy dovyN pfsy smuMdr hY aqy dysL dy aMdr Gxy jMMgl hn. dysL dy surwiKaf adfry  bIqI awDI sdI qoN “src aYNz rYsikAU” dy bcfE kfrjF vfsqy sI-ikMg nfm df hYlIkptr vrqdy af rhy hn. purfxI qknIk nfl bixaF qy buwZf ho cuwkf ieh hYlIkptr keI vfr ibpqf `c Psy lokF nMU bcfEx dI QF, bcfE amly dIaF jfnF df hI KO bx jFdf hY. ajy bIqy hPLqy hI iewk sI-ikMg zUMGy smuMdr ivwc izwigaf hY ijs dy pMj dy amly nMU msF bcfieaf igaf sI. sI-ikMg nMU 12 GMty hvfbfjLI dy Xog krn vfsqy 24 GMty Aus dI mflsL krnI pYNdI hY. surwiKaf POjF ies purfxy sI-ikMg dy PlIt nMU Auzx jogf rwKx vfsqy vwzf myntynYNs amlf afspfs rwKdIaF hn.

          1990 dy aKIr ivwc brfien mlrUnI dI kMsrvtv srkfr ny puwC pVqfl aqy POj dI slfh nfl agsqf vYstrn nfm dI kMpnI qoN eI aYc 101 nfm dy hYlIkptr lYx df iekrfrnfmf kIqf qF ik purfxy sI-ikMg PlIt nMU alivdf afKI jf sky. nvyN hYlIkptrF dI splfeI sLurU hox qoN pihlF hI 1993 ivwc srkfr bdl geI aqy XF ikRqIaF dI srkfr ny ibnF iewk vI  hYlIkptr KrIdy  agsqf vYstrn nfl iekrfrnfmf rwd kr idwqf. iekrfrnfmy muqfibk hYlIkptr bnfAuxy sLurU kr cuwkI kMpnI ny afpxy hoieaf Krcf mMigaf qF ilbrlF dI ikRqIaF srkfr ijs ivwc pfl mfritn KLjLfnf mMqrI sn ny agsqf kMpnI nMU 470 imlIan zflr dy cuwp krvf idwqf. hYlIkptr iewk nhIN ilaf qy lokF dy tYks df 470 imlIan jLurmfny jF Krcy vjoN dy idwqf.

          dysL nMU hYlIkptrF dI qF ajy vI loV sI qy ies vfsqy jd 1998 `c iPr hYlIkptrF dI cox df kMm sLurU hoieaf qF surwiKaf adfiraF ny iPr eI aYc 101 dy kOrmorFt mfzl dI cox kr leI. ijs nfl sfbq ho igaf ik mlrUnI dy rfj `c  cuixaF igaf hYlIkptr TIk hI sI pr ikRqIaF srkfr 470 imlIan df Krcf aYvyN dy cwukI sI.

          sfl 2004 ivwc pfl mfritn dI ilbrl srkfr ny amrIkf dI stYtPorz, knYtIkt siQq sIkrOskI eyarkrfPLt kMpnI nMU 28 aYc-92 hYlIkptrF df afrzr dy idwqf jo ik 5 iblIan zflr df hY.  qy iehnF coxF qoN aYn pihlF agsqf vYstlYNz kMpnI ny kYnyzf dI mfritn srkfr `qy hYlIkptr KrIdx leI ley gey tYNzr ivwc Gply df dosL lgfAuNidaF 1 iblIan zflr df kys Tok idwqf. kMpnI df dfavf hY ik Aus df eI aYc 101 hYlIkptr jfxbuwJ ky rwd kIqf igaf hflF ky kYnyzf dIaF surwiKaf POjF dy mfhr ies nMU vfr vfr dysL dIaF loVF dy anukUl dws cuwky hn. dysL dI pbilk vrks minstrI dy iewk bulfry jnfb pIar itEtonIE ny mMinaF hY ik srkfr nMU ies adflqI kys ivwc 17 PrvrI qwk afpxI zIPYNs (pwK) dfKl krnI pvygI. “kIqIaF duwly dIaF pysL lwdI dy afeIaF” muqfibk mfritn dIaF kIqIaF hux hfrpr srkfr nMU adflqF ivwc BugqxIaF pYxgIaF. qy smilMgI sLfdIaF vrgy kMm nMU jfiejL dwsx vflIaF adflqF kYnyzf dy lokF df iewk iblIan zflr agsqf vYstlYNz kMpnI dIaF jybF ivwc vI pf skdIaF hn.

          pfTkF dI jfxkfrI vfsqy sLONkI ieh vI dws dyxf cfhygf ik dysL dI “pbilk vrks” minstrI EhI adfrf hY ijs dI dyK ryK hyT  250 imlIan zflr df spFsrisLp skYNzl hoieaf sI. aqy mfritn srkfr ivwc ies minstrI df mMqrI jnfb skft brfeIsn sI jo kMsrvtv pfrtI nMU Cwz ky ilbrl sj igaf sI qy mfritn ny Es nMU mMqrI bxf ilaf sI. jnfb brfeIsn kYnyzf df pihlf ajyhf mMqrI hY ijs ny pbilk qOr `qy smilMgI hoxf mMinaf hY aqy hux ilbrl pfrtI dy afgU dI cox lVn dy rONa ivwc dwisaf jFdf hY.

          iewk hor kys df ijLkr krky sLONkI ies lyK dI smfpqI krnI cfhygf qy ieh kys hY sfbkf ilbrl kYbint mMqrI jnfb zyivz izMgvYWl df. zyivz izMgvYWl nMU mMqrI rihx ipwCoN ilbrlF ny dysL dI tksfl (krMsI Cfpx vflf adfrf rfiel knyzIan imMt) df muKI bxf idwqf sI. sfl 2004 dOrfn jnfb izMgvYWl `qy njfiejL inwjI Krcy krn  df sMgIn dosL lwgf jo ik $740,000 dy krIb sn. afizt qoN pqf lwgf ik afpxI motI qnKfh qoN ielfvf kIqy gey iehnF KricaF ivwc jnfb izMgvYWl afpxy mUMh df suafd TIk krn vfsqy KrIdy gey “cuieMg gMm”  vI tksfl (srkfrI adfry) qoN jfiejL Krcy vjoN vsUldf sI.

          jd sMsd ivwc ies Gply df rOlf ipaf qF 28 sqMbr 2005 dy idn sMsd ivwc KV ky pRDfn mMqrI jnfb pfl mfritn ny aYlfn kIqf ik zYivz izMgvYWl ny asqIPLf dy idwqf hY. eys nfl sMsd ivwc rOlf mwTf pY igaf ik clo izMgvYWl cldf bixaF hY. pfl mfritn dy ies sMsdI ibafn muqfibk afpxI mrjLI nfl asqIPLf dy gey izMgvYWl ny akqUbr 2005 ivwc vkIl kr ky srkfr qy pMj lwK zflr dI svrYNs df dfavf Tok idwqf. izMgvYWl ny pRYs nMU idwqy ibafn ivwc ikhf, “afeI aYm ientfeItlz tU mfeI ientfeItlmYNts”. Bfv mYN srkfr qoN afpxIaF lYxdfrIaF df hwkdfr hF. mfritnvfdI iPr vI iehI dfavy krdy rhy ik izMgvYWl afpxI mrjLI nfl asqIPLf dy ik igaf sI. jy asqIPLf mrjLI nfl idwqf sI qF iPr $500,000 dI sYvrYNs df dfavf kyhf?

          pfl mfritn vwloN izMgvYWl kys ivwc sMsd ivwc JUT bolx df Byd sI[ tI[ vI[ ny iewk rport ivwc coxF qoN bafd Koilaf ijs muqfibk ilbrl srkfr ny coxF qoN iqMn idn pihlF 20 PrvrI, sLukrvfr nMU zyivz izMgvYWl nMU cuwpcfp $418,000 dy ky PYslf kr ilaf sI. sMsd ivwc JUT, pYRs kol JUT qy votrF qoN prdf rwKx vfly ilbrlF df eys jnm ivwc (eys srkfr mOky) boilaf igaf ieh afKrI JUT sI. jy ies df Byd 23 jnvrI dIaF coxF qoN pihlF Kuwl jFdf qF ilbrlF nMU hjLfrF votF df Quwk lwg jfxf sI qy hfrpr dI mjfrtI srkfr bnx dy afsfr pYdf ho jfxy sn.

          ilbrlF dI cmVI hI aYsI hY ik koeI vI kuvwlI ies `qy koeI asr nhIN krdI pr kMsrvtvF dy bfibaF, pVdfidaF  qy nkVdfidaF dIaF kIqIaF iehnF dIaF 15-15 pusLqF nMU BUq bx ky cMbVIaF rihMdIaF hn.

          bIqy 40 ku sfl qoN dUnIaF dIaF rsoeIaF ivwc iewk iksm df ienklfb sLurU ho cwukf hY. cuwly-cONky, cftIaF-mDFxIaF dI QF gYs qy ibjleI stovF, blYNzrF, nfn-sikt pqIilaF aqy nfn-sitk PrfeI pYnF ny lY leI hY. pqIilaF aqy PrfeI pYnF nMU nfn-sitk krn vfsqy mnuwK ny tYPlfn nfm df iewk pdfrQ iejLfd kr ilaf hY. rsoeI dy ijhnF vrqxF `qy tYPlfn nfm dy ies pdfrQ dI prq lgfeI huMdI hY AuhnF ivwc pkfieaf jf irhf pkvfn Qwly nhIN lgdf. pqf nhIN tYPlfn vrgf ikhVf rfjsI ‘nfn-sitk’ PfrmUlf ilbrlF dy hwQ afieaf hoieaf ijs nfl AuhnF dy vwzy vwzy ‘pfp’ vI ibnF JrIt mfiraF hI iqlk jFdy ny! nvIN Koj df sLwk hY ik pqIilaF aqy PrfeI pYnF df nfn-sitk tYPlfn kYNsr dI nfmurfd bImfrI df kfrn bxdf ho skdf hY. vyiKE BfeI ilbrlo quhfzf sIkirt rfjsI nfn-sikt PfrmUlf vI ikqy rfjsI kYNsr rog nf krdf hovy!

-sLONkI ieMglYNzIaf

hux qwk KLbrnfmf dI vYWb sfeIt nUM pfTk vyK cuwky hn

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