www.khabarnama.com  {Punjabi Newspaper Khabarnama Toronto} email: editor@khabarnama.com 


 

ਅਖ਼ਬਾਰ ਪੜ੍ਹਨ ਲਈ ਪੰਜਾਬੀ  ਫਾਂਟ ਇੱਥੋਂ ਡਾਊਂਨਲੋਡ ਕਰ

 

 

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smilMgIaF dy ivafhF df ivroD buwsL leI vrdfn sfbq hoieaf

 

          pRDfngI coxF ivwc amrIkf dy lokF ny EhI kuJ kIqf hY jo dunIaF nhIN sI vyKxf chuMdI. lok mwq srvyKxF muqfibk jy buwsL dunIaF dy iksy hor pwCmI dysL qoN cox lV irhf huMdf qF Aus ny hr hflq hfr jfxf sI. sLONkI vrgy lokF nMU ies gwl dI hYrfnI jLrUr hY ik amrIkf dy lokF ny ajyhy ivakqI nMU iPr pRDfn ikAuN cuixaF hY jo dunIaF Br ivwc swB qoN vwD nfpsMd kIqf jFdf pRDfn hY. vwK vwK ivsLlysLkF ny ies bfry bIqy hPLqy dOrfn afpxf afpxf pwK mIzIey rfhIN ibafn kIqf hY. sLONkI ny bhuq sfrIaf rportF bhuq iDafn nfl pVHIaF hn. hwQ pYr mfr ky sLONkI dy jo pwly ipaf hY Auh kuJ ies qrF hY.

          dunIaF buwsL nMU Aus dI ierfk pfilsI kfrn nfpsMd krdI sI ijs aDIn buwsL ny iewk aYsy dysL nMU asiQr kr ky rwK idwqf hY jo afpxy hor arb gvFZI dysLF dy mukfbly vDyry siQr aqy vDyry ‘ilbrl’ sI. ierfk ivwc muwly lok ijLMdgI `qy BfrU nhIN sn qy aOrqF byKOPL ijMdgI dy hr pihlU ivwc ivcrdIaF sn jo ik sfAUdI arb aqy kUvYq ivwc awj vI iblkuwl sMBv nhIN hY. ajyhf kridaF buwsL ny dunIaF Br dy aihm afgUaf nMU vI TuwT ivKf idwqf sI jo awj qwk amrIkf nfl nrfjL hn.

          amrIkf dy lok buwsL nMU ‘amrIkI’ aYnkF nfl vyKdy sn ijs kfrn AuhnF nMU buwsL dI qsvIr vDyry mMn BfAuNdI ivKfeI idMdI sI. amrIkn lokF dy mn dIaf BfvnfvF nMU smJidaF buwsL ny 9/11 dy sfky nMU aDfr bxfky jo dmgjLy mfry sn Auh amrIkf dy lokF dy qF Kfny pYNdy sn dunIaF BfvyN ies nMU KoKlypn df nfm hI idMdI sI. afKrI hPLqy coxF qoN 2 ku idn pihlF Esfmf ibn lfidn dI pRgt hoeI 18 imMt dI vIizE ny buwsL leI jo kMm kIqf Auh iblIan zflr dy iesLiqhfr vI nhIN sn kr skdy. Esfmf ny iksy Bory `coN 10 lfeInF Aucfr ky buwsL nMU amrIkf dy rfKy df iKqfb dvf idwqf.

          coxF vfly idn ijhnF lokF ny amrIkf df nksLf vfr vfr tI vI skrInF `qy vyiKaf hY Auh jfxdy hn ik amrIkf df dwKxI Bfg pUrI qrF rIpbilkn pfrtI dy lfl rMg ivwc rMigaf igaf sI. pUrb ivwc kYnyzf dy nfl lgdy kuJ sUby aqy pwCm ivwc vI kYnyzf dy bfrzr nfl lgdy vfisLMgtn sUby qy Aus nfl kYlyPornIaF smyq awigAuN lgdy 2 hor sUby hI zYmokrYtF dy nIly rMg dy ivKfeI idMdy sn.

          kuJ ivsLlysLkF ny qF AuWqrI amrIkf df nvF nksLf vI bxf ky mIzIey ivwc pysL kIqf ijs ivwc amrIkf dy zYmokrYtF dI ijwq vfly sUby kYnyzf df ihwsf bxf ky ivKfey gey aqy ies ‘klpq’ dysL df nfm “XUnfeItz styts afPL kYnyzf” rwiKaf igaf. buwsL dI ijwq vfly ‘klpq’ dysL df nfm ivsLlyslkF ny “jIsjLlYNz” arQfq ‘msIhsQfn’ dwisaf. dwKx dy ieh sUby ajyhy sUby sn ijwQy buwsL dI kMpyn tIm ny bhuq clfkI nfl vwKry iksm dI cox kMpyn kIqI. cox kMpyn df vwKrfpn lokF dy Drimk ivsLvfs `qy aDfirq sI. rIpbilkn gLlby hyTly iehnF sUibaF `coN 11 ivwc qF coxF dy nfl hI iewk rYPrYNzm vI krvfieaf igaf. ieh rYPrYNzm ‘ivafh’ dI pRIBfsLf sbMDI sI ik kI ieh ‘mrd qy aOrq’ ivckfr hoxf cfhIdf hY jF iksy qrF dy vI do srIrF ivckfr jyhf ky awj kYnyzf Br ivwc hoxf sLurU ho igaf hY. iehnF igarF sUibaF dy lokF ny BfrI bhumwq nfl sdIaF purfxy “mrd-aOrq” ivafh nMU pwkI mfnqf dyx vfsqy votF pfeIaF aqy nfl hI buwsL dy Kfny ivwc vI insLfn lfieaf jo sLryafm smilMgI sLfdIaF df zwt ky ivroD krdf sI.

          afpxy afp nMU ‘ilbrl’ jf AudfrvfdI dwsx vfly zYmokrYt lokF dIaF ivafh sbMDI BfvnvF nMU smJ nf sky aqy pol bUQF `qy burI qrF mfr Kf gey. buwsL ny pRcwlq ivafh nMU bcfAux vfsqy sMivDfnk soD krn df vI vfadf kIqf hY jo jy ho geI qF Gwto Gwt amrIkf ivwc ivafh dy pivwqr irsLqy nMU bcf lvygI. prDfn mMqrI pfl mfrtn smyq kYnyzf dy bhuqy isafsI afgU aqy adflqF dy jwj sihbfn qF ies mfmly ivwc ‘mok’ mfr gey hn aqy AuhnF kYnyzf ivwc ivafh df hulIaf ivgfV ky rwK idwqf hY. jfrj zbilXU buwsL clfkI nfl afpxy KUnI hwQ bfeIbl hyT lukfAux ivwc kfmXfb hoieaf hY aqy ies df ‘sfeIz aPYkt’ Gwto Gwt ivafh dI pRIBfsLf dy mfmly ivwc cMgf rihx dI sMBfvnf hY.

          buwsL dy hwk ivwc Bugqx vfly amrIkf dy sfAUQ dy sUby awj qoN 60-70 sfl pihlF zmokrYtF df gVH mMny jFdy sn pr sihjy sihjy rIpbilknF dy Zfhy cVH gey. ieh Auh sUby hn ijhnF ivwc gorI bhu igxqI vwzI igxqI ivwc kfilaF nMU gulfm rwKdI sI aqy AuhnF nMU ajyhf krn df kfnMUnI hwk hfsl sI. ajLfd aqy jmhUrI amrIkf ivwc ‘hbsLIaF’ nMU vot aqy brfbrqf df hwk bhuq dyr qwk hfsl nhIN sI hoieaf. kfilaF nMU afpxy Gwto Gwt hwk lYx vfsqy vwzf Gol krnf ipaf sI. awj kfilaF kol vot df hwk qF hfsl hY pr iehnF sUibaF dy bhuq sfry gory vsnIkF dy mnF ivwc awj vI ‘vKryvF’ Esy qrF ijMLdf hY jo vot dI brfbrqf qoN pihlF sI. sLONkI nMU hYrfnI ies gwl dI hY ik  afpxy afp nMU pwky Drimk smJx vfly iehnF sUibaF dy sLihrI rMgByd df ivqkrf mnF ivwc ikAuN vsfeI bYTy hn.

          amrIkf ny sMn 1964 ivwc isvl rfeIts aYkt hoNd ivwc ilaFdf sI ijs `qy Aus smyN dy amrIkn pRDfn ilMzn bI jfnsn ny dsqKq kIqy sn. sRI jfnsn zYmokrYt sn aqy AuhnF dy iewk slfhkfr sRI ibwl moiearjL dy dwsx muqfibk Auprokq kfnMUn `qy dsqKq krn vfly idn zfhZy Audfs sn. ies idn amrIkf df mIzIaf ies nvyN isvl hwkF dy kfnMUn nMU ieiqhfsk dws irhf sI pr jd ibwl moiearjL ny pRDfn jfnsn qoN Aus dI AudfsI df kfrn pwuiCaf qF sRI jfnsn ny isrPL eynf hI ikhf “myry ivcfr ivwc asIN dysL df dwKxI ihwsf rIpilknF dy hvfly kr idwqf hY”. sMn 1964 ivwc sRI jfnsn dy khy ieh sLbd aglIaF coxF ivwc swc sfbq hoey aqy EdoN qoN lY ky hux qwk 19-21 dy Prk nfl swc hI sfbq huMdy af rhy hn. rIpbilkn pfrtI amrIkf dy dwKxI sUibaF ivwc jMm geI hY qy zYmokrYtF dy pYr dyr qwk leI AuKV gey hn.

 

sONkI dy pqy dI gwl

bdmfsLF nUM Gr nhIN swdIdf BfeI

 

          ieh KfVkU dOr dI gwl hY jo awj sLOkI quhfzy nfl sFJI krn jf irhf hY. jlMDr ijLly `c pYNdy iewk ipMz ivwc iewk sDfrx jwt dy iqMn puwq sn, bVy mjLy ivwc rihMdy sn, iek idn KrIdo ProKq leI jlMDr gey, nfl GrvflI vI sI aqy nfl jvfn hoieaf vwzf puwq vI. GrvflI dy dUroN lgdI irsLqydfrI ivwcoN iek bdmfsL iksm dy bMdy bjLLfr ivwc iml gey. sDfrx jwt sDfrx hI kih bYTf ik kdI af jf jfieaf kro, hux lfgy afey ho afE Gry lY cldy hF. vwzy muMzy dy moiZaF `qy QfpI dy ky kihx lwgy, koeI nhIN, iPr ikqy afvFgy. jdoN Auh cly gey qF GrvflI kihx lwgI ik irsLqydfr myry hn, mYN ienHF nUM cMgI qrHF jfxdI hF ienHF bdmfsLf nUM Gr kfhqoN swdxf sI. jwt kihxf lwg ik afpxf kI lY jfxgy sgoN guaFZ `c rohb bxjU. bws EhIE gwl hoeI iek idn mihMdrf jIp lY ky sLfm nUM Gr af gey, nfly mtn murgf Cwk gey, nfly jfx lwgy vwzy muMzy nUM corI dyxI ' ptfkf' dy gey. Gr ivwc afAuxf jfxf sLurU ho igaf aqy bfhr muMzy nfl mulfkfqF hoxIaF sLurU ho geIaF aqy muMzf bfhr rihx lwgf qF GrvflI ny jwt nUM ikhf ik mYnUM lgdf afpF lwuty jfxf. AuhI gwlH hoeI iek muMzf puls ny mfr idwwqf, Cotf KfVkU mfrgy aqy iek ivcfrf nws Bwj ky bfhrly dys af igaf qy afpxI jfn bcfeI qy bdmfsL hux dysI jIpf dI bjfey jpfnI gwzIaF ivwc GMuMmdy hn. sDfrx jwt dI GrvflI dI gwl ajy vI sLONkI nUM nhIN BuwlI aqy nf hI BuwlxI hY.

          kwl iek KLbr ny sLOkI df iDafn iKwicaf ijs ivwc ieh ikhf igaf sI ik amrIkf df pRDfn jfrj buwsL kYnyzf dI PyrI `qy afvygf aqy kYnyzf `qoN ierfk leI koeI mMg mMgygf. cloN mMgF qF agy vI mMgdf irhf jdoN ikRicaF pRDfn mMqrI huMdf sI pr pfl mfrtn dy amrIkI pRDfn nUM idwqy jFdy bfr bfr swdy sLONkI nUM sDfrx jwt dI GrvflI dy bolF df cyqf krvf idMdy hn ik…. sLONkI dI pqy gwl ieh hY ik BfeI puwq msF jvfn huMdy aYvyN nF qkVy guaFzI nfl koeI aFz-sFZ lf leI.

 

arfPLfq dy nfl hI iewk ‘Xuwg’ df aMq

          PlsqInI afgU Xfsr arfPLfq 75 sfl dI Aumr ivwc kwl ies sMsfr nMU alivdf afK gey hn. sMn 1929 ivwc imsr dI rfjDfnI kfiero (kfihrf) ivwc jnmy sRI arfPfq sDfrn isafsI jF POjI afgU nhIN sn. sRI arfPLq kuJ igxqI dy ienklfbI afgUaF ivwc igxy jFdy hn ijhnF sfrI Aumr afpxy lokF dy hwkF leI axQwk muihMm ivwZI rwKI sI. AuhnF dI twkr iewk ajyhy dysL nfl sI amrIkf ijs dI ipwT `qy sI aqy AuhnF dy ‘afpxy’ arb dysL vI drasl AuhnF dy afpxy nhIN sn. bhuqy arb dysL lokmwq qoN zrdy PlsqInIaF dy hwk ivwc hfmI qF Brdy sn pr aMdroN amrIkf dI GurkI qoN zrdy rihMdy sn aqy eysy kfrn arb dysL iewk qfkq vjoN nhIN sn AuBr sky.

          jfrzn ny arfPLfq aqy Aus dI pI aYm E (PlsqfeIn ilbrysLn afrgynfeIjysLn) nMU jLlIl krky jfrzn ivwcoN kwiZaf sI aqy imsr df ruK vI qkrIbn ruwKf hI irhf sI. kuvYq qy sfAUdI arb vrgy dysL kuJ zflr qF JfV idMdy sn pr arfPLfq df ‘sYkulr’ ichrf AunF dy iPwt nhIN sI bYTdf. sMn 1982 ivwc iejLrfeIl ny lYbnfn `qy hmlf kr idwqf sI aqy AuWQy sLrn lY cuwky PlsqInIaF nMU afpxf insLfnf bxfieaf sI. iGr cuwky arfPLfq ny aMqrfsLtrI ivcoilaF rfhIN aYn afKrI mOky lYbnfn dI rfjDfnI bYrUq ivwcoN inklxf mMn ilaf sI. awj dy iejLrfeIlI kwtVpMQI pRDfn mMqrI eyrIal sLYron Aus smyN iejLrfeIl dI sYnf dy muwKI sn aqy Auh chuMdy hoey vI arfPLfq nMU ijsmfnI qOr `qy mfr nhIN sn sky aqy 20 sfl bfad vI Auh ieh gwl Buwlx nMU iqafr nhIN sn. bIqy ZfeI sfl qoN sLYron ny sRI arfPLfq nMU AuhnF dy rmflf dPLqr ivwc qkrIbn njLrbMd kIqf hoieaf sI aqy hux sRI arfPLfq nMU iewQy hI dPLnfieaf jfvygf.

          sMn 1982 ivwc bYrUq nMU Cwz ky arfPLfq ny itAUnysLIaf nMU pI aYl E df kyNdr bxf ilaf sI aqy iewk vfr ilbIaf nMU jhfjL rfhIN jFdy smyN arfPLfq df jhfjL mfrUQwl ivwc hfdsfgRsq ho igaf sI. dunIaF ny arfPLfq nMU mr igaf smJ ilaf sI pr arfPLfq mfmUlI JrItF nfl hI jhfjL dy mlby `coN afpy AuT ky inkl af afieaf sI. iejLrfeIl ny anykF vfr arfPLfq nMU kql kfrn dI koisLsL kIqI sI pr gurIl afgU hmysL bcdf hI irhf sI. 8-7 sfl pihlF XUrp aqy amrIkf dI pihlkdmI nfl arfPLfq kuJ muZly hwk mnfvf ky iejLrfeIl dy kbjLy hyTly PlsqIn dy kuJ ihwsy nMU afrjLI aMdrUnI ajLfdI dvfAux ivwc kfmXfb hoieaf sI. arfPLfq nMU sLFqI leI mfry ies hMBly leI nobl pIs prfeIjL vI imilaf sI. pr iejLrfeIl ivwc kwtVpMQI pRDfn mMqrI eyrIal sLYron dy qfkq ivwc afAux aqy PlsqInI kwtVF dI aVI kfrn PlsqInI lokF df ieh mihbUb afgU afpxy jIvn kfl dOrfn ajLfd PlsqIn sQfpq kr ky afpxf supnf sfkfr huMdf nf vyK sikaf. arfPLfq dy jfx nfl PlsqInI sMGrsL dy iewk Xuwg df aMq ho igaf hY. hux PlsqInIaF nMU nvyN afgU jF afgUaF dI qlfsL krnI pvygI pr arfPLfq dy Klfa nMU Brnf nvyN afgUaF leI ajy asfn nhIN hovygf.

-         sLONkI ieMglYNzIaf

hux qwk KLbrnfmf dI vYWb sfeIt nUM pfTk vyK cuwky hn

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