www.khabarnama.com  {Punjabi Newspaper Khabarnama Toronto} email: editor@khabarnama.com 


 

ਅਖ਼ਬਾਰ ਪੜ੍ਹਨ ਲਈ ਪੰਜਾਬੀ  ਫਾਂਟ ਇੱਥੋਂ ਡਾਊਂਨਲੋਡ ਕਰ

 

 

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hwzI bIqI

lwK rupey dI gwl- myG rfj imwqr

 

          myrf qfieaf cMBf rfm myry bfp dy sky qfey df puwqr sI. Auh bMdf bhuq sfry guxF dI guQlI sI. rfq nUM qfieaf jI sfnUM kuwJ muMizaF nUM iekwTy kr lYNdy iPr AunHF nUM gixq dy gMuJldfr suaflF dI JVI lf idMdy. kdy puwCdy ik mx DyilaF df Bfr ikMnf hovygf? kdy suafl krdy ik sIqy dI mF dy iqMn puwqr iewk df nF aiTafnI dUjy df nF cuafnI qIjy df nF dwso? KLYr asIN bQyrf idmfgL KpfeI krdy jdoN sfnUM kuwJ nf suJdf qF Auh sfQoN iBaF krvfAuNdy qy iPr sfnUM juafb dws idMdy. awj jy mYN gixq dy aijhy suaflF vflIaF ikqfbF ilKx dy Xog hoieaf hF qF ieh sfzy Aus bjLurg dI myry bfl mn ivwc isrjI ieh jigafsf hI sI.

          awj qoN pMjfh swT vrHy pihlF pyNzU lokF ny ivafhF ivc hfsf TwTf pYdf krn leI bhuq sfrIaF rsmF bxfeIaF huMdIaF sn. bfrfq dy rotI Kfx vyly kuVI vfilaF df koeI skI sbMDI aijhf gIq gf idMdf ijsdy iksy dohy ivwc brfq nUM bMnH idwqy jfx df ijLkr huMdf sI. hux brfqIaF ivcoN iksy iewk nUM aijhf gIq gfAuxf pYNdf sI ijsdy iksy dohy ivwc bMnHI brfq nUM CuzvfAux df ijLkr krnf huMdf sI nhIN qF Aunf icr brfq rotI nhIN Kf skdI sI. myry qfey cMby rfm nUM brfq nUM bMnHx df aqy bMnHI brfq nUM CuzvfAux df hunr sI, Auh jdoN AuWcI hyk lf ky afpxy ilKy gIq gfAuNdf qF sfry brfqI aqy sky sbMDI asL-asL kr AuWTdy.

          iewk idn qfieaf cMBf rfm jI kihx lwgy ik awj mYN quhfnUM iewk pYsy qoN lY ky iewk lwK rupey qwk dI gwl suxf irhf hF. iewk pYsy dI gwl qF ieh hY ik kmIjL nfl jy Dfgf ltkdf hovy AusnUM iKwc ky nf qoVIey sgoN kYNcI nfl kwtIey. mYN puwiCaf ieh gwl iewk pYsy dI ikvyN hoeI? qF Auh kihx lwgy ik jy kmIjL ivwcoN inkilaf Dfgf iKwc ky qoiVaf jfvygf qF ieh kmIjL nUM pfV skdf hY. ies qrHF krdy hoey Auh kihx lwgy ik iksy jfnvr dy sotI mfrn qoN pihlF aflf-duaflf cMgI qrHF vyK lYxf cfhIdf hY ieh gwl ds rupey dI hY. ieMJ smF bIqdf igaf aqy smyN dy nfl hI qfieaf jI bIq gey. ipwCy Cwz gey myrI qfeI BfgvMqI nUM ijnHF nUM Bfgo kih ky bulfieaf jFdf sI. qfeI Bfgo df suBfa aYnf imwTf sI ik pUrf ipMz hI AunHF df ies gwloN pRsMsk sI. myry jnm smyN myrI mF nUM ieh Brm sI ik jy mYN afpxy puwq nUM iksy aijhy ivakqI koloN guVqI duafvF ijsdf suBfa imwTf hovy qF myrf puwqr vI imwTy suBfa vflf bx jfvygf. Ausny ies kMm leI myrI qfeI Bfgo nUM hI cuixaf. mYN ieh qF nhIN kih skdf ik qfeI Bfgo dI guVqI df koeI asr myry qy hoieaf jF nf hoieaf pr ieh gwl jLrUr kih skdf hF ik iksy ivakqI dy suBfa df isrjxhfr Ausdf aflf-duaflf hI huMdf hY. bwicaF dI srIrk bxqr vfly ijLafdf gux AuunHF dy mfipaF vwloN jInF dy rUp ivwc hI imldy hn pr suBfa vfly gux qF afly-duafly qoN hI pRfpq huMdy hn.

          jdoN mYN ds ku sfl df hoieaf qF iewk idn iqRkflF smyN mYnUM myry ipqf jI ny dukfn dI Cwq qy bulfieaf. sfzI dukfn sfzy Gr qoN pMjfh ku gjL dI ivwQ qy sI. ipqf jI kihx lwgy, myG, rfq  nUM isrhfxy kuwqy bhuq BONkdy ny GroN zFg cwuk ky ilaf. mYN ieh socdf hoieaf ik kuwqy bVy BYVy huMdy ny GroN sotI cuwk ilafieaf. rsqy ivwc myrf cfcf tRYktr ipwCy bYTf dIvy dI rOsLnI ivwc tRYktr dI ilPt nUM TIk krn ivwc ruwiJaf hoieaf sI. dIvy dI rOsLnI kfrn kMD qy pY rhy prCfvyN ny kuwqy df pRqIibMb isrj idwqf. kuwiqaF pRqI myrI nPLrq ny nf aflf vyiKaf nf duaflf. mYN dohF hwQF nfl vwt ky sotI kuwqy dy isr ivwc Dr idwqI. iesdy nfl hI zFg drvfjy aqy glI dy ivckfr mMjf zfh ky suwqI peI myrI qfeI dI puVpuVI qy jf lwgI sI. iewk cIk suxfeI idwqI. hfey bU mfrqI. myry cfcy ny dIvy df cfnx kIqf qy vyiKaf ik myrI qfeI Bfgo dI kMnvtI ivcoN KLUn dI qqIrI bih rhI sI. mYN afpxI mF nUM hfk mfrn hI lwigaf sF ik myrf cfcf dInf nfQ kihx lwigaf. cuwp kr jy buVI mr geI qF huxy hI tRYktr qy lwd ky lY jfvFgy qy PUk dyvFgy.

          kuwJ smyN ivwc hI sfrf glI muhwlf iekwTf ho igaf. Gr vfilaF ny mYnUM qF qUVI vfly koTy ivc Cupf idwqf. qfeI nUM ipMz dy zfktr kol iljfieaf igaf. mhIny Br leI qfeI dI mwlHm pwtI cwldI rhI. awj vI mYnUM Xfd hY ik qfey dI dwsI hoeI ds rupey vflI gwl myry bfp nUM pMjfhivaF dy aKLIrly vrHy ivc lgBg sO rupey ivc peI. ies qrHF kih skdy hF ik isafxy dy khy df qy aOly dy KfDy df bfad ivwc hI pqf lwgdf hY.

- myG rfj imwqr

98887-87440

Email : tarksheel@yahoo.com

 


qrksLIl mylf isKrF nUM Coh igaf.

jsvIr mMgUvfl

 primMdr svYc

 

 

BUqF pRyqF, jfdU tUixaF krfmfqF, vihmF BrmF iKlfP, ivigafn dI rosLnI vMzdf, bfibaF joqsLIaF nUM cYlMj krdf, qrksLIl susfietI afP knyzf df pMjvF slfnf mylf sLhId krqfr isMG srfBf nUM smripq, 19 akqUbr idn aYqvfr bYwl pRPfrimMg afrt sYNtr ivKy drsLkF dI BrBUr hfjLrI ivwc bhuq hI sLPlqf nfl isry ciVHaf qy drsLkF ny sfZy iqMn GMty ies pRogrfm df pUrI suihrdqf nfl anMd mfixaf. TIk iqMn vjy ies dI surUafq qrksLIlL susfietI dI skwqr primMdr kOr vloN qrksLIlqf bfry dwsidaF kIqI . sB qoN pihlF gurpRIq BdOV qy gurqyj igwl vloN srfBy bfry kvIsLrI pysL kIqI geI. ies qoN bfad primMdr  kOr  duafrf iliKaf qy inrdysLq kIqf igaf kfiv nft krqfr isMG srfBy nUM sLrDFjlI Kyizaf igaf ijs df AudysL nOjvfnF nUM ieh dwsxf sI ik 19 sfl dI Aumr ivwc ikvyN Auh PFsI df rwsf cuMm ky nOjvfnF leI pRyrnf sroq bx igaf ijs Aumry Auh iesLk hkIkI qy iesLk mjfjLI dIaF gwlF hI krdy iPrdy hn pr Ausny gorI srkfr nUM vMgfiraf qy bgLfvq df JMzf cuwkx leI ivdysLF qoN vfps  gey. awj AuvyN dIaF hflqF bx cuwkIaF hn, ijnHF qoN Bgq, srfBy hI Cutkfrf idvf skdy hn, ieh nftk lokF vloN bhuq psMd kIqf igaf. ies nftk ivwc prm srF ny krqfr isMG srfBy df rol adf kIqf. gdrI bfibaF dy rol ivwc ibMdr rozy,jgrUp brfV, suKivMdr qwKV, gurpfl sLokr, inrml ikMgrf sn.gurnfm QFdI, myhr isMG bwdovfl, ieMdrjIq rozy, drsLpRIq, kulvIr mMgUvfl, gurjIq kOr qy amrjIq kOr rMDfvf ny vwKo-vwKry rol bfKUbI inBfey. sUqrDfr df rol bYk styjL qoN avqfr isMG igwl ny kIqf aqy nftk ivwcly sfry gIq gurpRIq BdOV ny gfey.ies df sMgIq jfsimn svYc qy gurdIp Buwlr dI shfieqf nfl idwqf igaf.inrml ikMgrf ny Dfrimk pKMzvfd dy ivruwD ivigafnk kivqf pysL kIqI. aYm[aYs[ Buwlr ny kfmfgftfmfrU dy duKFq bfry jfxkfrI idwqI qy kivqf pysL kIqI.

qrksLIl susfietI dI dUsrI pysLksL lwkI skruwlFpurI dI khfxI qy aDfrq avqfr igwl df iliKaF qy inrdysLq kIqf igaf nftk mYN vI vyiKaf cMn ivwcoN bfbf nfnk pysL kIqf igaf.jo iswK Drm ivwc PYly pKMzvfd df prdfPfsL krdf hoieaf  guru nfnk dyv jI dI aslI iPlfsPI pysL krdf sI. pKMzvfd qoN Aupr AuwT AunHF dI qrksLIlqf nUM lokF ny bhuq hI sMjIdgI nfl psMd kIqf.ies ivwc avqfr igwl ny mfstr df rol, mnijMdr KwtVf ny qfey df qy jgrUp brfV ny msq dy rUp ivwc bfby nfnk dy sMdysL nUM lokF qwk phuMcfieaf. lok ies nftk nUM dyK ky asL asL kr rhy sn.gurpRIq BdOV qy trFto qoN afey muwK mihmfn crnjIq Koty vloN bhuq hI vDIaf afeItm jfdU dy tirwk pysL kIqy gey jo bwicaF, vwizaF qy bjurgF vwloN bhuq hI psMd kIqy gey, bwicaF ny styjL qy AunHF df sfQ dy ky KUb afnMd mfixaf.crnjIq Koty vwloN susfietI dIaF 23 sLrqF qy iewk lwK zflr dy ienfm bfry dwsidaF, bfibaF, joqsLIaF qy pMzqF nUM cxOqI idMidaF, lokF nUM qrksLIl bxn df swdf idwqf. susfietI vloN crnjIq Koty df snmfn kIqf igaf.

ies qoN bfad pMjfbI nftk dy bfbf bohV BfjI gursLrn isMG df iliKaf nftk sMqfp pysL kIqf igaf ijs ivwc mF bfp vwzIaF afsF rwK ky bwicaF nUM ivdysL Byjdy hn qF ik Auh afpxf qy bwicaF df BivwK sMvfr skx.pr ivdysLI ijMdgI AunHF nUM ienHF lcfr bxf idMdI hY ik Auh sMqfp hMZf rhy huMdy hn qy bwcy afpxy mfipaF nUM afpxy qy bOJ smJdy hn qy mfpy nf cfhuMidaF vI afpxy dysL vfps jfx nUM qrjLIh idMdy hn qF ik Auh ies sMqfp qoN bc skx. ies nftk dy hr sIn qy drsLkF ny qfVIaF mfr ky ies dI psMdgI df sbUq idwqf. ies ivwc bfpU dy rol ivwc gurcrn twlyvflIaf, mF dy rol ivwc primMdr kOr, muMzy qy nUMh dy rol ivwc donoN pqI-pqnI kulvIr qy afrqI mMgUvfl qy pyNzU sohx isMG df rol inrml ikMgrf ny kIqf. sfry hI pfqrF ny nftk nfl pUrf iensfP kIqf. srbjIq AuwKlf vloN qrksLIl jugnI pysL kIqI geI. avqfr igwl  vloN bxfeI slfeIz  qy lgfqfr sMpOsrF df DMnvfd kIqf igaf.ies myly ivwc lfeIitMg dI juMmyvfrI jfsimn svYc qy sLfn svYc ny pUrI kIqI. PotogrfPI  nvrIq syKF ny pUrI suihrdqf nfl inBfeI qy qyjpRIq kfhloN aqy dIpk vflI vloN iPlm bxfeI geI. pRogrfm dy afKIr ivwc susfietI dy pRDfn jgrUp isMG DflIvfl ny drsLkF, sMpONsrF, mIzIaf qy susfietI dy mYNbrF ijnHF ny mfiek shfieqf leI hr Auwdm kIqf aqy hor ijs iksy ny vI pRogrfm dI sPlqf leI Xogdfn pfieaf sB df DMnvfd kIqf.

 jsvIr mMgUvfl

 primMdr svYc

 


iek fm hIdF dy nfm

 

hIdoN kI icqfAuN pr lgyNgy

hr brs myly,

vqn pr mrny vfloN kf

XhIN nfmo infn hogf.

afklYNz : dunIaF dy ies dwKxI arD goly dy afKrI qy KUbsUrq dy inAUIlYNz ivwc koeI zyZ ku sfl pihlF kuJ nOjvfnF ny hId-ey-afm s[ Bgq isMG dI ivcfrDfrf afm lokF qwk phuMcfAux df supnf ilaf sI Aus supny ny jnm idwqf hY hId Bgq isMG cYrItybl trwst`` ijs df ik plyTf pRogrfm ipCly sfl sqMbr ivwc s[ Bgq isMG dy 100vyN jnm idn smripq sI pr ies sfl sMsQf ny iek pRogrfm AulIikaf ijs ivwc hId ey afm s[ Bgq isMG, rfjgurU qy suKdyv swcI rDFjlI dyx aqy pMjfb qoN kuJ KIaqF lokF dy rU b rU krvfAux df tIcf imwiQaf igaf ijs dy qihq guafZI mulk afstrylIaf qoN ajIq rfhI` ijhnF dI hId Bgq isMG dy jIvn qy ilKI ikqfb sqluj gvfh hY`` ny kfPI qihlkf mcfieaf hY. nvF mfnF jlMDr  dy sb aYzItr qy afpxI klm rfhIN srmfeydfrI dy ulmF qoN prdy cuwkx vfly jiqMdr pMnU qy lMmy smyN qoN BrUx hwiqaf ivruwD kMm kr rhI zf[ hriMdr kOr aYm[ zI[ ny pRogrfm iek fm hIdF dy nfm`` ivwc irkq kIqI.

          pRogrfm 31 meI fm dy TIk 6 vjy afklYNz inAUIlYNz ivwc pMjfbIaF dy gVH jfxy jFdy ksby pfpftoeytoey dy hfeI skUl ivwc drkF dy Kcf Kwc Bry hfl ivwc urU hoieaf. s[ primMdr isMG qy muKiqafr isMG ny styj sMBflI. drkF jI afieaf kihx qy afey sfry pRhuixaf bfry qy hfl bfry jfxkfrI dyx qoN bfad bhuq hI sucwjy ZMg nfl ZuwkvIN qy pRBfvflI bdfvlI qy yarofierI ivwc guMd ky mMc df sMcfln bhuq hI klfqimk qrIky nfl kIqf.

          sB qoN pihlF igafnI suirMdr isMG jgrfAu ny hId AuDm isMG bfry vfr py krky mfhOl grmfieaf. Aus qoN bfad vfrI afeI kmljIq isMG bYnIpfl`` dI ijhnF ny ik bhuq QoVy lPF ivwc bVy KUbsUrq qrIky nfl s[ Bgq isMG dI ivcfrDfrf drkF dy snmuwK kIqf. BuipMdr kOr vVYc ny Bgq isMG dy pirvfr nfl ibqfey plF dIaF XfdF qff krvfeIaF.

          vVYc qoN bfad iehnF sqrF dy isrjk ny vI hIdF pRnfm krn AuprMq Bgq isMG dy jIvn bfry iek nm qrMnm ivwc py krky pRogrfm nfl sFJ pfeI. iPr vfrI afeI pMjfbI dy bfbf bohV pRo[ pRIqm isMG dI sB qoN CotI lVkI BfeI sfihb BfeI sfihb isMG dI dohqI zf[ dljIq isMG dI BfxjI gurU nfnk dyv XUnIvristI dy vfeIs cFslr zf[ jY rUp isMG dI lfzlI BYx zf[ hriMdr kOr aYm[ zI[ ijhVI ik ikwqy vjoN iek zfktr bwicaF dI mfihr` hox dy nfl nfl BrUx hwiqaf ivruwD lMby smyN qoN sMGr kr rhI hY qy koeI pMj dy krIb ikqfbF vI pMjfbI sfihq dy cuwkI hY ijs ny ik awj qwk ipMzF ivwc jf ky 122 dy krIb muPq mYzIkl kYNp afpxy pqI zf[ ikpRfl isMG nfl iml ky lgfey hn. ies syvf dy bdly pMjfb srkfr qy anykF sMsQfvF AunHF snmfinq kr cuwkIaF hn. pMjfb aqy ivdyF ivwc Cpdy kuJ 20 dy krIb aKbfrF rsfly hr mhIny Aus dy lyK pRkfiq krdy hn. hId Bgq isMG cYrItybl trwst vDfeI df hwkdfr hY ijhnF ny zf[ hriMdr kOr dI syvf muwK rwKidaF AunHF drkF dy rU b rU krvfieaf. Xfd rhy ik zf[ hriMdr kOr dI ieh pihlI ivdy PyrI sI.

          zf[ hriMdr kOr sRImqI blijMdr kOr bYnIpfl ny ijhVy ik pfpftoeytoey hfeI skUl ivwc hI iek tIcr dI syvf inBf rhy hn. AunHF dI iMdgI qy Jfq mfrdf prcf pVH ky styj qy afAux df swdf idwqf. zf[ hriMdr kOr ny pMjfb ivwc lVikaF dy mukfbly lVkIaF dy Gwt rhy anupfq qy ronI pfAuNidaF idl ihlfAu aMkVy py krky drkF bfr bfr jbfqI kIqf. AunHF vloN grIb lVkIaF dI mdd leI kIqI apIl sroiqaF ny bhuq hI gMBIrqf nfl ilaf qy loV nfloN vwD mdd krky AunHF dI PyrI sPl bxfieaf.

          s[ mnmohn isMG ny awj kwldy lIzrF vloN isrP votF vyly hI ipMzF dI PyrI dOrfn iek aOrq nfl hoey vfrqflfp nm rfhIN bhuq KUbsUrq qrIky nfl py kIqf. trwst dy bhuq hI srgrm mYNbr qy ipCly 14 sflF qoN qrkIl susfietI leI kMm krdy s[ avqfr isMG puwkIkueI ny susfietI dy kMmF qy cfnxf pfieaf qy JUTy sfD pKMzIaF dy pfj AuKyVn leI iek lwK rupey dy ienfm df vI aYlfn kIqf.

          ies qoN bfad 1979 qoN afstrylIaf ivwc rih ky vI 20 ku dy krIb ikqfbF pMjfbI sfihq dI JolI ivwc pfAux vfly nYkslfeIt lihr qoN awj qwk srmfeydfrI ivruwD sMGr kr rhy burg lyKk ajIq rfhI` ijhnF ny afpxI qfI CpI ikqfb sqluj gvfh hY` ivcoN bhuq sfry aYsy qwQ ijhVy afm pfTk dI ingHF qoN hmyF dUr rwKy gey sn Aufgr kIqy. ijs qrHF ik Bgq isMG horF dIaF ilKIaF cfr ikqfbF dy KrVy Aus vyly dI srkfr ny Cpx qoN pihlF hI brbfd kr idwqy gey qy Aus dy sky Brf kulbIr isMG ny Aus dI ilKI jyl zfierI 50 sfl qwk lukf rwKI qy AunHF ny ryafm mhfqmf gFDI Bfrq dI affdI dI lihr df sB qoN gMdf bMdf grdfinaf, rfhI qoN bfad prmjIq vfiekU ny hIdF rDFjlI dyx AuprMq dy BgqI df gIq gf ky pRBfvflI hfrI lvfeI.

          iPr sB qoN afiKr ivwc vfrI afeI jiqMdr pMnU` dI ijs K ny nYkslfeIt qy Kfilsqfn lihrF df syk afpxy ipMzy qy hMZfieaf hY keI vfrI golIaF dy vtFdry ivcoN vfl vfl bwicaf pMnU` awj vI afpxI iqwKI qy nroeI klm nfl JUT dy TykydfrF nfl do hwQ huMdf rihMdf hY. pMnU ny hmyF dI qrHF afpxI DVwlydfr qy pRBfvflI qkrIr kridaF Zyr sfrIaF qfVIaF nfl drkF df ipafr afpxI JolI ivwc puafieaf. qy prdy ipwCy ryafm huMdIaF DFdlIaF qoN drkF jfxUM krvfieaf. pMnU qoN bfad zf[ hriMdr kOr dI ikqfb mF bolI` qy ajIq rfhI dI sqluj gvfh hY` dI GuMz cukfeI hoeI. trwst dI sfrI tIm ny iqMnF bulfiraf df momYNto dy ky snmfn kIqf igaf qy nvqyj rMDfvf ny afey hoey drkF qy bulfiraF df DMnvfd kIqf. trwst vloN Kfxy df Kfs pRbMD kIqf igaf sI. vrnxXog hY ik drkF ny bhuq sfrIaF ikqfbF KrId ky mF bolI pMjfbI BrvF huMgfrf idwqf. trwst vloN hId Bgq isMG dy jIvn nfl sMbMiDq cfr CotIaF ikqfbF qy kYlMzr muPq ivwc idwqy gey.

          trwst DMnvfdI hY hr afey hoey sroiqaF df ijnHF ny ies pRogrfm ivwc irkq kIqI qy pRogrfm df afnMd mfixaf. afAux vfly smyN ivwc vI trwst vwK vwK buDIjIvIaF afp dy rU-b-rU krdf rhygf qy pMjfb ivwc BrUx hwiqaf grIb bwicaF dI pVHfeI, izgdy pfxI dy sqwr qy hor lok BlfeI dy kMmF leI quhfzy sihXog dI afs krdf hY. zf[ hriMdr kOr vloN grIb bwicaF dI mdd krn leI bxfey trwst ivwc pYsy Byjx jF pMjfbI sfihq dIaF ikqfbF lYx jF hor jfxkfrI leI muKiqafr isMG 021 827 550 qy avqfr isMG puwkIkUeI 021 392 147 jF sbsct@gmail.com qy sMprk kro. ies pRogrfm dI zI vI zI muPq ivwc pRfpq kro. sfry spFsrF ies pRogrfm dI zI vI zI DMnvfd pwqr hId Bgq isMG df kYlMzr qy ikqfbF trwst vloN ByjIaF jfxgIaF.

-guirMdr Zwt, afklYNz, inAUIlYNz

0064-21-111-6881

gurinder_dhatt@hotmail.com

 


 aMqrrfsLtrI nfrI idvs-iewk irport

 primMdr kOr svYc

     srIH :- (09 mfrc 2008

       awj qrksLIl siBafcfrk susfietI afP kYnyzf aqy prOgrYisv pIplj PrMt afP bI[sI[ dy sihXog nfl grYNz qfj bYNkuiet hfl ivwc aMqrrfsLtrI nfrI idvs bVy josL KrosL nfl mnfieaf igaf. pRYs leI irport jfrI kridaF skwqr primMdr svYc ny dwisaf ik awj dy poRgrfm ivwc 400 dy krIb mrd aOrqF aqy kimAuintI dy smfjI aqy isafsI jQybMdIaF dy afgUaF, mIzIaf vwloN ryzIE hostF ny vI vD cVHky ihwsf ilaf. progrfm dI sLuruafq bwcI anmol dI kivqf AuTo vy koeI AuTo loko, myrf drd vMzfvo koeI nfl hoeI, AuprMq nfmvr kvIaF amrjIq kOr sLFq mFgt,jIvn rfmpurI[,igwl morFvflI,aimRq dIvfnf,igafn isMG kotlI,guridafl isMG DflIvfl,hrdyv ZuzIky,gurcrn igwl,myjr isMG Buwlr,hrbMs kOr bYNs aqy sLfqI QWmx dI kivqf Gr dy ivwc BUcfl af igaf, jd mYN pYdf hoeI, ijsny lokF dy jjLbfqF nUM hlUx ky rwK idwqf. lgfqfr zyVH GMtf cwly ies pRogrfm nUM lokF nyN bfKUbI mfixaf aqy qfVIaF dI gUMj nfl sfry hI kvIaF nUM dfd idwqI. AuprMq qrksLIl siBafcfrk susfietI dI tIm vwloN pRimMdr svYc df iliKaf nftk nfrI kmjLor nhIN pysL kIqf igaf. ijs ivwc aijhIaF lVkIaF dI dfsqfn pysL kIqI geI ijnFH nUM AunFH dy mfpy lwKF rupey dy sOoidaF vfly ivafh krky kYnyzf amrIkf Byjdy hn aqy afpxIaF lVkIaF nUM ipwCy rih gey pRvfr nUM CyqI mMgvfAux leI dbfa pfAuNdy hn. lVkIaF mfipaF aqy shury Gr dy dUhry dbfa Qwly sMqfp hMzfAuNdIaF hn. dUsry pfsy iewDroN jfky lVkIaF amIr GrF dy muMizaF nfl ivafh krvfky jdoN muMizaF nUM iewDr bulf lYNdIaF hn qF mfpy AunFH leI afpxf sfrf jor lfky afpxy juafeI dI syvf krdy hn pr Auh kMm kfr krky rfjI hI nhIN huMdf ijs krky AunFH dI DI Pyr vI aOKI hI rihMdI hY. nftk dy aMq ivwc dono nnfx BrjfeI rlky ies vrqfry dy iKlfP lVn df aihd krdIaF hn. iesqrFH nftk afpxf sLkqIsLflI sunyhf dyx ivwc sPl rihMdf hY. sikwt pKMzI kOx kuldIp bfsI aqy blivMdr kOr gryvfl vwloN pysL kIqI geI. drsLkF vwloN dono afeItmF dI BrpUr sLlfGf kIqI geI. sfry hI klfkfrF jfsimn svYc,divMdr isMG,blivMdr kOr gryvfl,kuldIp bfsI aqy pRimMdr svYc nY afpxy rol bfKUbI inBfey.

     dUsry sYsLn dI sLurUafq ryzIE rYwz aYP aYm dI AuwGI host mnjIq kMg ny kIqI aqy aOrq nUM jfgrUk hox leI kihMidaF ikhf ik aOrq nUM vizafAux leI vrqy jFdy ZMg qrIikaf nUM aOrq vwloN GOiKaf priKaf jfxf cfhIdf hY ik aOrq dI qfrIP krdy smyN mrd sfnUM jfnvrF aqy psLUaF dI sMigaf idMdy hn ijvyN qyrI qor imrg vrgI,qyrI awK spxI vrgI vgYrf,iewQON qwk aOrq leI gIq vI mrd hI ilKdy hn jdik aOrqF bhuq Gwt, qfhINqF iewk gIqkfr 25 sfl shury Gr rihky, sLrfbI pqI dI sqfeI hoeI afpxf Gr Cwzky jf rhI vI asIsLF idMdI jf rhI hY jo ik iblkul asMBv hY.  

 

aOrq nUM afpxf vjUd pCfnxf cfhIdf hY. ryzIE sLyry pMjfb dI host gurmIq atvfl ny ikhf ik asIN kuVIaf dI lohVI qF mnfAux lwg pey hf pr kI swcIN hI afpxy idmfgF coN asIN lVkIaF bfry sdIaF purfxI mfniskqf kwZ sky hF jF nhIN ivcfrn Xog hY aqy afpxI kivqf keI mYnUM mF kihMdy ny TMzI TMzI CF kihMdy ny,keI mYnUM spxI kihMdy ,kMDF koTy twpxI kihMdy pysL kIqI.

  prOgrYisv pIpljL PrMt bI sI dy bulfry hrBjn cImf ny aOrq idvs dy ieiqhfs qy Jfq pfAuNidaF dwisaf ik aOrqF ny afpxf sB qoN pihlf afrQk sMGrsL amrIkf dy sLihr inAUXfrk ivwc 1857 ivwc arMiBaf sI ijs vkq aOrq dI 80 GMty dy kMm dI Aujrq 3 zflr huMdI sI,ies sMGrsL ivwc 15000 islfeI msLInF qy kMm krn vflIaF aOrqF sLfml sn,iehI sMGrsL agly sfl iPr hoieaf aqy XUnIan hONd ivwc afeI,25 mfrc 1959 ivwc inAUXfrk sLihr ivwc hI iewk PYktrI dI dUsrI Plor qy kMm kr rhIaF 146 aOrqF (jo ieqflvI aqy ijAUsL iemIgrFts sn)awg ivwc jlky mr geIaF,ijnFH bfry ikhf jFdf hY ik pVqfl krn qy pfieaf igaf ik awg lwgx smyN iblizMg nUM bfhroN ijMdry lwgy hoey sn.  1908 ivwc jrmn dI agFhvDU aOrq klfrf jYktn dy XqnF nfl nfrI idvs mnfieaf igaf,iesqrFH hr sfl mnfey jfx vfly ies idvs nUM 1913 ivwc komFqrI iesqrI vHry dy qOr qy mfnqf iml geI aqy hux hr sfl 8 mfrc aMqrrfsLtrI iesqrI idvs dy qOr qy mnfieaf jFdf hY. AunFH awgy ikhf ik smfj jmfqF ivwc vMzy jfx qoN pihlF iesqrI Auwpr ieMnf qsLwdd nhIN huMdf sI blik aOrq dI srdfrI sI aqy aOrq Gr dI muKI hUMdI sI, KyqI vI aOrq krdI sI, bwcy dy nfm dy nfl mfqf df nfm hI iliKaf jFdf sI. smfj dy jmfqF ivwc vMzy jfx smyN mrd dI srdfrI sLQfpq ho geI aqy mrd qfkqvr bx igaf aqy aOrq nUM Gr dI cfridvfrI qwk sImq krky kmjLor bxf idwqf aqy ies aihsfs dI gulfm bxfky Ausdf sLOsLx krnf sLurU kr idwqf. awj hflfq ieh hn ik pUrb dI qF gwl hI Cwzo,ivksq Xorp aqy pwCm dI pVHI ilKI aOrq vI mrd dy 100 zflr dI kmfeI dy mukfbly 58 zflr hI kmf rhI hY. vysvfgmnI isKr qy hY. 2010 dIaF AulMipk smyN vwD qON vwD amrIkf aqy hor mulkF qON vysvfvF mMgvfAux dy Xqn kIqy jf rhy hn,ieh bhuq hI sLrm vflI gwl hY. nslI ivqkrf vI huMdf hY. ipCly 12 sflF ivwc 70 aOrqF mfrIaF jf cuwkIaF hn. ieh lVfeI iekwlIaF aOrqF nhIN lV skdIaF,ieh lVfeI mrd aqy aOrqF donF nUM iekwiTaF lVnI pYxI hY. sLI pI sI dy afgU hrjIq dODrIaf ny ikhf ik vDIaf smfj dI AusfrI leI aOrqF nUM brfbrqf dyxI bhuq hI jrUrI hY,AunFH iewk Auwc Xogqf pfRpq lVkI qoN Ausdy ivafh smyN dy pRBfv jfnx leI puWiCaf qF Auh kihx lwgI ik jdoN myrf pwlf lVky nUM PVfieaf igaf aqy Ausdy ipwCy 2 qurnf ipaf qF mYnUM bhuq hI hIx Bfvnf df aihsfs ho irhf sI.

             AuwGI lyiKkf ieMdrjIq kOr iswDU  ny ikhf ik aOrq idvs leI iewk idn rfKvF rwKx df mqlb 364 idn mrdF leI rfKvyN hn.  kwpVy, gihxy jo kuJ vyicaf jFdf hY sB aOrq dI gulfmI dI insLfnI hY. mrd aOrq nUM kdy vI ajLfd nhIN vyKxf cfhuMdf, Auh cfhuMdf hY, hIr jMmy jrUr, pr guaFZIaF dy Gr jMmy qy afpxI kivqf sLfml nhIN hF mYN qyry aOrq dI ies ajLfdI dy jsLnF ivwc pysL kIqI. knyzf dI jMmpl jfsimn svYc ny aMgryjLI ivw ik c idwqy BfsLn ivwc GrylU ihMsf, BrUx hwiqaf,dfj, Drm Auwpr mrdF df kMtrol qy vysvfgmnI vrgy muwdy AuTfey. byaMq kOr(sFJf ivhVf) ny aOrq dI nfbrfbrI dI imsfl dyidaF ikhf ik iewk aOrq nUM Ausdf bOs kihMdf ik qYnUM qnKLfh ies leI Gwt idwqI kwlH nUM bwcf pYdf hox smyN CuwtI qy jfvygIN, bwcy dy ibmfr hox qy vI CuwtI lvygI AuhI aOrq bfad ivwc  vkIl bxI Ausny aOrqF dI pVHfeI qy jor idwqf. surjIq kOr klsI ny vI aOrqF vloN kIqI afriQkqf  leI kIqI jwdojihd df ijkr kIqf qy afpxI kivqf mYN jnmFgI pysL kIqI . vqn pypr dy sMpfdk qy lyKk suKvMq huMdl ny ieMmIgrysLn isstm, iejLq df svfl, sYksUiealtI vrgy gMBIr muwidaF qy ivcfrn leI ikhf. shfrf gruwp dI rxjIq kUnr ny ikhf ik hr iewk mF nUM Gr ivwc bwicaF dI pflxf posLxf krdy smyN cMgy sLihrI bxfAuxf cfhIdf hY, BrUx hwiqaf bfry aOrq nMU Kud hI iesdy ivroD ivwc afpxI mfniskqf bdldy hoey zwtxf pYxf hY. XU[ bI [sI ivwc afiDafpn kr rhy zfktr ibwkr isMG lflI ny ikhf ik awj dI aOrq iksy vI gwloN mrd qoN ipwCY nhIN hY.  XU[ bI [sI ivwc pVH rhIaF 85% kuVIaF vwD nMbr lY ky pfs ho rhIaF hn. suirMdr kOr Buwlr nyN ienklfbI kvI sMq rfm AudfsI dI rcnf hws hws qor dy qUM zolI myrI bfblf vy pysL kIqI . bI sI trFsplFt susfietI dI mInf isMG ny mrn AuprMq aMg dfn aqy srIr dfn krn dI mhwqqf bfry dwisaf aqy ies leI Pfrm Brky dyx leI pRyiraf.

 zYmokryitk tIcrjL PrMt ijlf luiDafxf dy ijlf pRDfn mfstr Bjn isMG jo kYligrI qoN ivsLysL qOr qy afey sn ny afpxy sMboDn ivwc ikhf ik sMsfr dI kuwl abfdI sfZy Cy arb df awD aOrqF hn pr kuwl sfDnf ivwc aOrq dI ihwsydfrI isrP 5% hI hY. AunFH BrUx hwiqaf bfry aMkVy pysL kridaF ikhf ik pMjfb awj ies ivwc sB qON mohrI hY aqy 100 mrdF ipwCy 767 rih geI hY.  aOrqF Aupr jbr dI imsfl AunFH mihl klF brnflf dI ikrnjIq kOr kql kFz dy ky dwisaf ik ikvyN guMizaF ny Aus  nfl blfqkfr krky Ausdf kql krky hr hr dy Kyq ivwc nwp idwqf aqy hjfrF dI igxqI ivwc kwTy hoky lgfqfr sMGrsL krn AuprMq dosLIaF nUM sjLfvF krvfeIaF geIaF. sMGrsL dI agvfeI kr rhy iqMn afgUaF Auwpr pRsLfsLn dI imlIBugq nfl kql dff JUTf kys bxfky AumrkYd krvf idwqI geI. ijnFH nUM lokF ny lgfqfr sMGrsL krky irhf krvfieaf hY. AunFH ikhf ik ieh smwisaf iekwlI aOrq jF mrd dI nhI ieh smfijk smwisaf hY aqy smfj nUM bdly ibnf iesdf koeI hwl nhIN.  suirMdr kOr shoqf lyiKkf ny aOrq dI aDIngI-kmjorI dI gwlbfq kridaF ikhf ik suafl ieh nhIN ik aOrq kmjLor hY jF mrd qfkqvr hY, suafl ieh hY ik jo vI qfkqvr hY cfhy mrd cfhy aOrq hmysLF qfkqvr hI kmjLor nUM dbfky rwKdf hY. AunFH ny ikhf ik DrmF rfhIN vI aOrq nUM dbfieaf hI hY isrP iewk iswK guru ny hI aOrq nUM hOslf idwqf hY. AunFH hor vI keI hvfly idwqy aqy ikhf aOrq aqy mrdy rlky clx qF hI KusLhflI ho skdI hY.  awj dy smfgm ivwc Aus smyN bhuq hI AudfsI Cfa geI jdoN zYltf ivwc kql hoeI nvrIq bVYc dy ipqf idlbfg isMG igwl ny ro ro ky afpxI DI dy kql dI khfxI jnm qoN lyky kql qwk suxfeI ijsdy srIr qy 56 vfr cfkUaF nFl kIqy gey sn. sfrf hI iekwT aWKF BrI bYTf sI jF ro irhf sI. awj dy smfgm dI smfpqI kridaF qrksLIl susfietI dy pRDfn avqfr igwl ny ikhf ik ijMny vI muwdy awj dI mIitMg ivwc afey hn sfnUM ienFH muidaF qy ivcfr krn leI awgy gwl qornI cfhIdI hY isrP awj df smfgm kr lYx qoN bfad cuwp krky nhIN bYT jfxf cfhIdf. AunFH ikhf ik aijhy bhuq sfry muwdy hn ijnFH df iewQY ijkr nhIN ho sikaf sfnUM Auh muwdy vI ivcfrny pYxgy ijvyN iksy vI nOjvfn jo ivafihaf hoieaf hY,Ausdy bwcy hn dI acfnk iksy kfrn mOq ho jfx qy AusdI ivDvf aqy bwicaF nUM AunFH df jmIn jfiedfd jF hor koeI vI pRfprtI coN bxdf ihwsf dyx ivwc keI iksm dIaF rukfvtF= ihwsydfrIaF KVIaf kr leIaF jFdIaF hn jdoNik jykr Auh ivakqI ijAuNdf rihMdf qF aijhf nhIN hoxf sI. awj ienFH ivksq mulkF ivwc jo mnuwKI hwkF aqy jmhUrIaq df ZMzorf iptdy nhIN Qwkdy, pfrlImYNt ivwc aOrqF leI 33% rfKvFkrn dI gwl kr rhy hn jdONik brfbrqf dy aDfr qy aijhf ikEN ? jdoNik hux votF rfhIN ijwqky ijMny vI mrd jF aOrq mYbr pfrlImYNt ivwc jf skdy hn. aOrqF Aupr julm dI imsfl idMidaF AunFH goDrf kFz ivwc ibliks bfno df hvflf idwqf ik ikvyN Ausdy sfhmxy Ausdy pRvfr dy awT jIa mfrky Aus nfl blfqkfr kIqf igaf,Ausny bVI hI bhfdrI nfl iensfP pRFpq kIqf zrI nhIN jflmF nUM sjf duafeI.  pfiksqfn dI muKqfrf mfeI dy smUihk blfqkfr dI imsfl idMidaf ikhf ik Aus bhfdr aOrq ny iensfP lYx leI adflqI lVfeI lVI, Ausny qhweIaf kIqf ik ies julm df bdlf mY ielm nfl lYxf hY qy Ausny afpxy Gr ivwc lVkIaf dy pVHfAux df bMdobsq afpxy Krcy Auwpr kIqf aqy awj Ausdy skUl ivwc 300 qON Auwpr lVkIaf ividaf lY rhIaF hn. aWj sfieMs dy ivkfs dI durvrqON krky amIr Grfxy mrd dy sLukrfxUaF cON x kromosom awz krvfky isrP vfeI kromosom df aOrq dy aMzy nfl imlfp krvfky isrP muMzy hI pYdf kr rhy hn iesy krky Auwc GrfixaF ivwc muMizaF dI dr kuVIaF dy mukfbly iewk hjfr ipwCy iqMn sO rih geI hY. zfktr aijhf krky lwKF kroVF kmf rhy hn. soco jykr aijhf kuJ jfrI irhf qF iensfn  hYvfn nhIN bx jfvygf? aMq ivwc AunFH sfry lokF df ies pRogrfm ivwc sLfml hox aqy mfiek shfieqf ($876) dyx leI DMnNvfd kIqf. AunFH mIzIaf aYm cYnl, ryzIE rYwz aYP aYm,ryzIE sLyry pMjfb aqy ryzIE ieMzIaf, grYNzqfj dy pRbMDkF, susfietI dI tIm aqy vlMtIarF df vI DMnvfd kIqf.

hux qwk KLbrnfmf dI vYWb sfeIt nUM pfTk vyK cuwky hn

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